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The Western Clarion May 11, 1907

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Vmc_iv_, British Co-n-ia, Satun-y, May 11, 1907
soba-ripcioD ma* m* mm,
ns y*a*       •liUU
invry of the Wort of Sociafcst_Members—Against
•^rwhdm-ng Odds They Continually Pushed
Forward the Demands of Labor.
It ia safe to say that no party has
bers were so numerous that
more faithfully earned its indent-"] difficult to mention them all
nities during the past session, than
the Socialist    Their   seats have
never been vacant, and every measure, no matter from which side it
came, was closely scrutinized with
a view to making some change or
introducing some amendment that
might better, even in a small de
grew, the lot of the   workingman.
Comrade     Hawthornthwaite   has
Iteen keen, aggressive, vigorous and
vigilant as ever; Parker Williams
by his combination of humor and
sincerity has done much to disarm
riticism, and has   succeeded   in
gaining the ear of thc House in a
manner that enabled him to do   a
great deal of good work, and John
Mclnnis; the young member   for
Grand Forks, has been feeling his
feet, and with some good work already accomplished, gives promise
of vet greater service in the future.
The most signal triumph of the
Socialists during the past   session
was thc uin*->|*oscd passing of the
Eight-Hour Bill for Smelters.   In
two previous sessions this bill had
been defeated, but when Mr. Hawthornthwaite brought it in this time
he found to his astonishment tbat
every member of thc House   had
suddenly beccirnr converted to his
views.     Probably the pressure of
public opinion durjag   the recent
election had more to do with this
change than anything else, but anyhow those who had formerly opposed it, rallied to its support a.'d
it passed without a dissentient vote
Parker     Williams'    fortnightly
wage bid also came a little nearer
becoming law, but like the eight-
hour smelter bill at the   previous
session, after passing second reading it was strangled in committee,
(where votes are not recorded. Possibly like the eight-hour bill it will
ss with the unanimous consent of
lie House next session.   The committee rose on motion   of   Price
-Uison of Okanagan, who, as representing an agricultural constituency in which labor is not strong-
organized, was evidently chosen
the Government    toreador   to
■rard off the charges of thc Social-
bull.    It will not be surprising
at some future time he gets bad-
r Unfile G<
General Eight-Hour Hill m-
Juced   by    Mr. Mclnnis   was
looked «p"H as a probabil-
of becoming law, but it was put
rfore the House as an edtication-
m-asure and a test of the   ad*
__jit in thought of the mem-
the present Legislature, lite
was   disappointing,   as   it
.wed that a great majority of
members were still steeped in
medieval idea that you should
the longest possible time out of
[man.for the shortest possible pay.
moving the six months hoist on
is bill, Price Ellison said the bo-
lists would soon want not to
k at all and some of them did
work much now.     Tins stur
bt from Hawtlaornthwrutc   a
ishing reply, in which he showed
!early that if a man took an ac-
ve parfin promoting Socialism u*
ould find himself placed on the
lack list and debarred from work.
. bill was supported only by the
Met Socialists and John Jardinc
.Esquimalt, who throughout the
ession has shown himself to be tar
In advance of his fellow Liberals
is far as labor and economic problems are concerned, and on ii»r-
^han one occasion he has had the
courage to break away from lus
party, and stand boldly alone with
the Socialists in defense of some
social right for the workingman.
The amendment proposed to ('liferent bills by the Socialist   mem-
it is
mmmmmmmmm_______ One
of the most important was Haw-
thornthwaite's amendment to the
University Endowment Bill for the
purpose of assuring free tuition for
everv resident of the province. The
Socialists opposed from the fii_t
the proposal to gjive away 2,000,-
000 acres of the country's land and
to an institution from which the laboring classes could receive no benefit under present conditions, but
having failed in that, they next
tried to secure the benefits of the
university to any poor man that
should be able to avail himself of it
at all. While the amendment was
not carried, it succeeded in extracting from Dr. Young, the Minister
of Education, a promise that when
the bill to incorporate the university was brought down, a similar
clause would be incorporated. On
the Land Act a vigorous fight was
made to secure to settlers the right
of pre-empting timbered land,
which that bill will take away.
Against thc government's big majority, tliese kicks, of course, were
ineffectual, but they were made
with a will all tlie same.
On the private bill to consolidate
thc leases of the Guggenheims in
Cariboo, Mr. Mclnnis did succeed
in getting in an amendment placing
Hindus in the same category as
Chinese and Japanese, who are forbidden to work in the mines under
ordinary conditions; but he failed
in moving to strike out the proviso
which enables miners to employ
Chinese and Japanese when white
labor is not available, and which of
course neutralizes the whole bill,
since, as Mr. Mclnnis pointed out,
the mine owners will simply say at
all times that white labor is not
available, and they will place thc
wages so low that it will not be.
In the Provincial Elections Act,
Mr. Hawthornthwaite succeeded
in going one further than his move
of last year, by which he made it
posible for a man moving from one
district to another to get on the
voters' list in that district after 80
days' residence. Mr. Haythornth-
waite, by an amendment to Mr.
Bowser's anti-Hindu bill, which he
supported, succeeded in reducing
the term of residence to ten days.
In another of Bowser's bills for
regulating immigration into British Columbia, Mr. Hawthornthwaite also succeeded in striking
out a clause which demanded that
everyone coming into the country
should pass an educational test in
the English language. Mr. Hawthornthwaite pointed out that this
would be impossible, since it would
shut out the French from Quebec,
and manv good settlers from the
northern part of Europe, and Bowser consented to thc change.
One of thc features of the session
was the wholesale denunciation of
tlie Salvation Army immigration
methods by the Socialists, which
was strengthened towards thc end
of thc session by the appearance in
Victoria of ten men brought out by
the Salvation Army under false
pretences to take the place of striking workmen in Bullen's shipbuilding yards. The government, after admitting that they had negotiated with the Salvation Army to
bring out immigrants, disclaimed
any connection with this matter,
and voted down Hawthornthwaite s
resolution calling on them to assist
these men and to stop any further
influx. .
During the session the Socialists
have maintained a thoroughly independent attitude. Like a little band
of Ishinaelites, their hand has sometimes been against one, and then
against the other, striking   either
way where the benefit and advancement of the proletariat was
concerned. In fighting tbe battles
of Socialism it has been recognized
throughout the province that they
have been fighting the battles of
the workingmen all over, and their
actions have met with, the unanimous approval of their class.
One hnndred and fifty persona
drowned or frozen to death in a
steamship wreck and twenty-five
killed and seventy-five seriously injured in a railway wreck, all within one week, constitutes a record
for this vicinity. During the year
1904 there were 10,046 persona
killed and injured, and the whole
number of steam railroad passengers carried was 715,419,682.
The figures for 1906 are not available. But the average is one person killed for every 7,662 carried.
Taking into account the vast inter-
urban and local passenger traffic of
the whole country this proportion
seems enormous. We are accustomed to speak of these wrecks as
"accidents." But to call an event
an accident presupposes that every
possible care has been taken to
insure safety, and that in spite of
all this the event takes place. —
Eastern Exchange.
The strike of building trades at
Seatde has ended for a time at
In the new schedule of the Main-
tenance-of-Way Employees, on the,
C. P. R., which has been ratified in
Winnipeg, there is an increase in
wages provided for. Generally
speaking, it is a flat two cents per
hour to ail men in all branches. Tlie
total number of men affected is
about 3,500. The larger part of
this number are sectionmen at the
minimum wage of $1.50 and $1.55
per day. There have been several
minor readjustments during the
past six years, but the present
schedule is the outcome of the most
noteworthy conferences between
the company and the trackmen
since tbe trig strike in 1901, when
Winnipeg was the pivotal point.
Comrade John F. Leheney   left
The Instruments of Capital They Do Valiant Service In
Hokfing the Proletariat In Subjection To Exploitation
bi Uie Interest of the Ruing Class.
Vancouver on April 30, for a trip
through the interior in the interest
of tbe Western Clarion. He will
visit points along the main line of
the C. P. R. and thence through the
Sandon, Slocan, Boundary, Kootenay and Crow's Nest country, and
on into Alberta. Not only is Comrade Leheney a sub-hustler, but a
logical and forceful speaker as well.
By careful and painstaking study
he has obtained a thorough grasp
of the economic basis of the movement and this is the first qualification of a speaker if he is to be of
value to the cause. The interior
comrades should not fail to use
the comrade at every opportunity.
Trades Unions Should Throw Away Old Shibboleths and
Make Open Declaration for the Abolition of the
Wage System.
History is being made in the city
of Fernie that will make interesting
reading to the people of an enlightened period when our present wage-
dom shall have been -relegated to
the oblivion that awaits it.
What will give the future democracy cause to laugh is the present futile beating of fists against
the prison walls of capitalism, and
our pitiable attempt- to break free.
Truly, the workings of the gray
matter of individuals is cause for
wonder when one hears prominent
leaders of men crying out for a
"square deal," demanding "justice"
and other like phraseology that falls
so glibly from the lips of the modern Demosthenes when making the
usual "strong union speech." To
the casual observer it is a case of
Words, Words, Words, with never
an action that will make for, "to the
producer the full product of his
toil." The time is now ripe for
an open declaration of all trades
unions for Socialism, and to throw
to thc winds the old shibboleths
they have stood for so long, and
to see that their only possible way
out is by concerted action that leads
to the taking control of the legislatures from thc powers that be. Too
long have the workers been indoctrinated with "the sacred rights
of capital," "vested interests," etc.,
hot only by the capitalists but by
union leaders themselves who have
carefully refrained from showing
There is also a certain deputy
minister of labor who to my minis the most capable man the capitalists could have brought forward.
He is clever, educated, and can attain to flights in oratory. To say
the least, he is a power to be reckoned with.
In the speech he made to the
miners he showed diplomacy of no
mean order and pictured the sufferings that would accrue to the workers in other industries, to mention
nothing of the paralysing of business. He concluded his peroration
with an appeal to their humanity,
and to rise above the sordidness of
material things and invited each
and every one to subscribe to the
precept, "Write me as one who
loves his fellow man."
All this might have had results
earlier in the game, but at the present juncture the advice given was
like pouring water on a duck's
back. The fish do not rise to the
bait thrown so readily as before.
The leaven of Socialism is working through the labor organizations
and before many years have rolled
by wc who are alive may witness
such scenes as depicted by Wm.
Morris in "News from Nowhere."
Already the wish is father to the
thought when we see in capitalist
papers reports of the rushing forward of "human butchers" to be
stationed at     convenient     points
the workers they, too, have a right! should their "services" be required,
under the existing regime — thej    In all countries we hear of the
right to starve, ^^^^^^^^^^
In the present "dispute" (good
word, dispute) between capital and
labor, nearly all the powers of organized government are being
brought to bear upon the wealth-
producers of this district to resume
profit-making for their masters.
We have heard Mr. Cashing deploring the unfortunate "misunderstanding" between employer and
employees and he makes the assertion that if he had the power to settle thc matter, "he could settle it
in ten minutes. "Poor, foolish mortal; he, like the rest of the "good
intcntioned"' bourgeoisie, "will do
anything for the workers but get
off their backs."
unrest of the proletariat and if we
think for a moment the capitalist
class will stand by and do nothing
to prevent us going on to our goal,
we are living in a fool's paradise,
and a rude awakening is in store
for us.
The crying need is for organization and education. The grain-
raisers are waiting to join hands
with the industrial workers and the
movement requires strong men who
are prepared to sacrifice themselves
for the cause.
The proletariat of Finland gave
us a lesson.    Shall we heed it?
Fernie, B. C, May 4,1907.
The Socialist contention that
legislative bodies, local or national,
are merely the instruments of the
capitalist class, has been amply
borne out in the United States and
other countries. It has been admitted and proven by many writers,
many of whom do not claim to be
Socialists. But in Canada, where
the population is small and scattered over an immense territory,
which to a large extent makes the
holding of public meetings a difficult matter and makes social intercourse in many cases all but impossible, the people as a rule cannot
keen as close tab on the doing of
legislators as they otherwise would.
It is evident, however, that Canadian legislatures have not been
idle in safeguarding the interests
of the capitalists of the Dominion.
There is ample evidence at hand to
show that they have as effectually
performed their function in the
capitalist scheme of things as have
their prototypes in other countries.
This will scarce be denied by any-
fair-minded person at all familiar
j with the history of Canadian legislative bodies.
In districts where industrial development is still somewhat backward, a considerable number of
the workers either own some property or expect to own some in the
future. In such districts capitalists are nominated for office by the
various factions of the capitalist
class. They who are the most skilful in political trickery and dealing
out booze are usually elected. But
in districts where industrial development is more advanced the great
majority of the workers are not
only propertiless but homeless, in
the broad sense .of the word. The
few who have some sort of a claim
upon a shack or cabin are in momentary danger of losing it. They
do not know at what moment they
may be driven out by the very
Stress of circumstances forced upon them by some forward move of
capitalism. In such districts the
workers are in close touch with
each other. They enjoy a greater
exchange of ideas. They are prone
to discuss events of the day and
draw conclusions therefrom. They
keep more or less informed as to
the doing, of !■.^statutes. In spite
of the fact that tii**y may not as
yet clearly recognize class lines, it
is not safe in such districts to nominate capitalists for office. The
appearance of an outright capitalist as a candidate would have much
the same effect upon the workers
as a red flag to a bull. Here the
sleek representative of the capitalist comes into play. The cunning,
smooth tongued spell-binder in the
shape of some lawyer, doctor or
parson is put up as a "representative of all classes." The trick is
turned by the exercise of the time-
honored booze and political chicanery. Why this keen fight between
the different factions of the capitalist class? This is a secret to the
workers, but just why they have
not got on to it is due to their
habit of judging things from outward appearances only.
To the extent that a capitalist
faction may be represented in a
legislature to that extent will lhe
particular interests of such a faction be furthered by legislative action. In this manner will the
schemes of such a faction looking
to the control of the resources of
the earth and the machinery of production be made to take on legal
form. One faction of capitalists
mav be interested in certain
schemes that will work detrimentally to the interests of some other
faction. A fight will be on between
them for posession of the lawmaking power, each with the object in view of safeguarding its interests. Each will appeal to the
workers for assistance and resort
to ever divice known to the unscrupulous political trickster to
convince them that their interests
as workers will suffer in consequence of the success of the opposing faction. Too many workers allow themselves to be deceived into
taking sides in these purely capitalist quarrels. When it comes down
to a question of holding the workers in subjection to exploitation at
the hands of capital there are no
factional differences in the ranks
of the capitalist class.
The workers must have access to
the means of production in order
to live. This they can only obtain
by selling their labor power in the
market as a commodity. In so doing, they merely sell themselves on
thc instalment plan. So many
hours' labor power for so much
wages. Everything in Canada in
the shape of resources of the earth
ind machinery of production that
is worth owning is now the property of capitalists or capitalist concerns. We may render direct thank.
to our legislatures for this. They
have faithfully played their part by
affording to capital whatever protection has been required to enable
it to corral the means of production and hold the workers as wage
slaves for exploitation.
As the machinery of production
x'comes more highly developed and
perfected the productive power of
tabor increases by leaps and
bounds. No matter how great the
increase it accrues solely to capital.
The wage slaves are still held in
leash and forced to sell their labor
power in obedience to the inexor-
abe though unwritten laws of the
market. Capitalist legislatures,
either in Canada or elsewhere, provide all of the necessary legal machinery to hold the slaves in subjection and prevent them from encroaching upon the sacred profits
of the ruling class. That is what
capitalist legislatures are for, and
right well do they perform their
Canadian legislators, like all
others of the capitalist breed, are
great on the "dignity of labor."
They are profoundly impressed by
it, so much so in fact that they
erect every possible safeguard
against the lessening of the burden
upon labor's back for fear of detracting from that "dignity" that is
the laborer's most precious possession.
Canadian labor is, however,
awakening and getting in line with
die world movement for emancipation. There will be busy times for
capitalist legislatures from now on
devising ways and means to hold
the slaves in sweet content under
capit-Hsm. skinning process.
There is also trouble ahead. Let
it come.
Combennere, Ont., April 30, 1907.
A British parliamentary paper
shows that emigration depleted the
population of Ireland last year of
25,918 persons, being 8.2 per cent.
per 1000 of the entire population.
The United States continues to be
the Irish Mecca, having received
last year 7(3 per cent, of the emigration. It is pointed out by this
paper that 4,110,000 persons have
emigrated from Ireland to various
countries and that this number
equals 93 per cent, of the present
population of thc country.
< i -.
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Children and fools are prone
to speak the truth. At least so it
is claimed. The wisdom of maturity in the normal man of this glorious profit-mongering age naturally
prompts him to frequently shun the
truth or handle it only in diluted
form. In the majority of cases it
pays better to do so. This in itself
is quite sufficient justification for
so doing.
Roosevelt the garrulous, has
blurted out some truth in his
declaration that Moyer, Haywood,
Pettibone and Debs are "undesirable citizens." As the garrulous
gent is not a child his classification
should not be difficult. In truthfully designating the aforementioned persons as "undesirable citizens" he has, unwittingly, no doubt,
did a greater service to the labor
movement and caused more serious
damage to the interests of the thieving capitalist class whose tool he is,
than could a have been effected by
those whom he declares "undesirable" in a life time.
Desirable citizenship is of necessity determined _t ..ic present time
solely from the capitalist or ruling
class standpoint. It logically follows that any one who dares to
question the right of capital to
rule and rob is unfit for citizenship
in a capitalist civilization. Nothing
could be plainer. Although it was
an unwise thing to do, Roosevelt
blurted out the truth. The unwisdom of it arises from the fact that
it unmasks the real status of the
slave under the rule of capital and
is more than apt to fan the smoldering embers of rebellion in his
breast into the fierce flames of revolution that will sweep the counting
house and bargain hunting capitalist crew into oblivion.
If there is one thing needed to
prompt the working class to action
no matter how drastic in order to
free itself from the tyrannical rule
of capital, it is that the status of
labor under the present system of
property be made plain to die
workers themselves. Though his
utterances in regard to Debs and
his imprisoned comrades are the ut
terances of a fool, judging from
the standpoint of capitalist inter
ests, they are of inestimable value
to the working class in disclosing
to its members their real position
under the rule of capital. Desirable
citizens only so long as they remain cringing and docile slaves
"Undesirable" the moment they
dare to raise their voices in protest against the galling yoke of
their servitude.
The men referred to by the spectacular idiot in the White House as
"undesirable citizens" are well
known to countless thousands of
the American working class. They
have led ooen, honorable and upright lives. Though accused of a
multitude of crimes by the hirelings
and tools of the contemptible ruling
class, they stand today unconvicted.
They have engaged in open and
honorable warfare in behalf of
their fellow workingmen. They
have voiced the highest and noblest
aspirations of the class that carries
the burdens of civilization upon its
back. In so doing they have battled
in the cause of human progress and
a higher and better civilization. As
men, clean men, men of principle,
men who sink their personal ambi
tions In the common eauae for humanity's uplift, they tower above
die cheap occupant of the White
House even as that braggart, armed
with his "big stick," might tower
above a tumble-bug in mortal combat.
And yet the "'fool in his folly"
doeth good. The truth blurted out
by this self-exalted personage has
caused an awakening across the
continent. Thousands of working-
men are now seeing themselves as
capital sees them. They are beginning to realize their slavery, and
that as slaves they are tolerable
only while docile. If they dare to
aspire to better things; if they dare
to voice their aspirations for liberty
and a more humane existence; if
they dare even dream of ending the
sneaking, cowardly, hypocritical
and vulgar system of wage slavery
under which life to them is well
nigh intolerable, they become "undesirable citizens," to be clubbed,
beaten, imprisoned or railroaded to
the gallows.
The American workingmen owe
a debt of gratitude to "Teddy the
strenuous" that it would be impossible to pay and dishonorable to
repudiate. Although it will increase
the debt it is to be hoped his fool
garrulity will effervesce frequendy.
commodity. While other commodities may be, and frequently are,
monopolized by a limited number
of owners, the same is not true of
the commodity labor power. The
disturbing factor of competition is
always at work to upset the calculations of the sellers of labor power
in regard to the disposal of their
merchandise. Labor power is
purely a merchandise, the sale of
which is determined by the circumstances of the market, circumstances over which the sellers of it
have less control than do the sellers
of any other commodity.
This upward trend of prices cannot last. There will be a collapse,
and that, too, in the near future,
that will work out more widespread
disaster to capitalist institutions
than any previous occurence of the
Signs are plentiful to show that
such a collapse is pending. There
is already a tightening of the
money market. Notes of warning
are being uttered from quarters
peculiarly sensitive to approaching
troubles in the financial and industrial world. It is a mathetmatical
impossibility that the present era
of inflated prices and buncombe
capitalist prosperity can long maintain its present gait. No one need
be surprised if it has already reached its limit and the reaction sets in
within the next six months.
Radicals among the Chicago labor men are now agitating for the
purpose of securing a presentation
to the United States Senate at its
next session of a petiton demanding
the impeachment of President
Roosevelt, upon the grounds that
he "received, or caused to be received," large sums of money from
Harriman and other capitalist highbinders for campaign expenses in
aid of his own election to the presi
dency. It is further charged "that
he is guilty of a violation of pro
priety by expressing an opinion
prejudicial to Moyer, Haywood
and Pettibone," the imprisoned officers of the Western Federation of
This is not only a waste of time
and energy, but it falls far short of
the mark. It would be idle to impeach the malodorous Roosevelt,
evn if such a thing were possible,
while leaving the present system of
exploitation unimpeached. Roosevelt himself is but a surface indication of the underlying cause that is
forever forcing the workers more
deeply into the slough of misery,
degradation and despond. He is
but a capitalist pimple on the surface of human society indicating
the poison that lurks in its vitals
and is eating away its life.
To impeach Roosevelt, leaving
the rule of capital untouched, would
be merely to remove one pimple to
make way for another just like it,
or even worse.
Capital has long since become a
public nuisance. It has converted
the earth into a shambles in which
enslaved labor is daily crucified
for profit, and the world's market
place made a den of unscrupulous
The need of the hour is the impeachment of capitalism and the
breaking of its baneful rule. It is
up to the working class to do the
job. Neither time nor energy
should be wasted in impeaching
characters of both sexes. Some of
them are but sorry blinds for
assignation houses; others the
scenes of nightly carousals disgraceful in the extreme. Never
was vice more open and unfettered
in the citv's history than now. In
the face of all this, the best the police department can do is to round
up a few fallen women who ply
their calling only in the "restricted
district," and harass a few work-
ingmen's children for innocently infringing some petty municipal
That "plain clothes" man who so
cleverly detected these infants in
their crime and so unflinchingly
brought them to justice ought to
be promoted. The talents of such
a Sherlock Holmes should be
given a wider field upon which to
operate than a Mt. Pleasant* sidewalk and a bunch of school "kids."
Prices are still going up. An
advance in the price of flour has
been registerd within the past few
days with good prospects for a still
further advance in the near future.
The upward trend of prices is noticeable in almost everything one
has to purchase. Superhuman ef
forts are being made by the workers in all parts of the country to
advance the price of their labor
power to at least keep pace, with
the increased cost of living. In
this they are not meeting with general success as the labor market as
a whole is too well stocked with
this particular commodity to admit
of any marked upward trend of
If wages (the price of labor
power) were to advance in the
same ration as the price of other
commodities, this advance would
nullify all advantage to be gained
bv the sellers of those other commodities. The interest of the sellers of other commodities, therefore,
lies in the direction of holding
wages to the lowest possible level
while advancing the price of their
commodities to the limit. The plen-
tifulness of labor power, coupled
with the fact that thc number of its
owners cannot be limited without
destroying the supply, mak-H it
more difficult to force its price up
than is the case witb   any other
There are people weak enough in
the upper story to believe that thc
police are charged with the duty
of upholding the law in the interest
of public morality and decency.
That their particular mission in the
present scheme of things is to prevent violations of the law, and in
case of any violation, ferret out
the criminal and bring him to justice. Nothing could be furth-r
from the truth. The police department is itself an aggregation of
crooks and criminals of the lowest
type who carry on their criminal
career under the garb of the law.
It is notorious that every police
department on earth is reeking wit**
the stench of its own corruption
and rottenness. Exposure after exposure is made of low-down black
mailing schemes carried on ' y tlu
police. Crimes are condoned without number upon payment of hush
money by criminals. Police raids
in the "tenderloin" districts of cities
are not made for the purpose of
suppressing such vices as may obtain there, but for the purpose of
compelling the wretched denizens
of such quarters to pay tribute to
the foul gang of criminals that constitute the police department itself.
The money thus wrung from unfortunate victims of present civilization who are hurled into that vor-
, tex of vice and degradation known
as the under-world, drops merrily
into the pot from which the police
ghouls and vampires draw their delectable sustenance. Whenever
this devil's stew runs low in the
pot, a spasm of morality manifests
itself in the police department. A
round-up is made and the stew is
replenished by the blackmail levied
upon the victims of the police dragnet After having been "shook
down" in thc police court they are
again turned loose to recuperate
their fortues in the same old way,
and make ready for another police
This sort of thing has been going
on in Vancouver from time immemorial. During the past week
[denizens of the tenderloin district
have been rounded up by the dozen
and mulcted of from $15 to $50
each. And this has been, not in
the interest of morality and decency, but merely for the purpose of
obtaining swill for the sustenance
of a gang of uniformed blackmailers and confidence operators.
About the best piece of work
done by the Vancouver police in a
dog's age, and by far the cleanest,
was the summoning of a couple pf
dozen Mount Pleasant infants for
riding bicycles upon the sidewalks.
A sneak, commonly known as a
"plain clothes" man, did the job.
These youngsters were brought into the police court and, we believe,
fined $2 or $2.50 each. In addition
to this, they were forced to endure
the contaminating presence of the
prostitutes from Chinatown, as well
as the police, police court hangers-
on and other criminals there foregathered, for the space of a couple
of hours while awaiting punishment for their hideous crime of riding a "bike" on the sidewalk.
The city of Vancouver should bc
proud of its police department. The
moral atmosphere of the city was
never more sickening than at present. Dozens of alleged restaurants
are running merely as booze joints
for the accommodation   of   loose
Our esteemed governmental
guardians at Ottawa, in conjunction with thc Washington bunch,
have increased the rate of postage
on publications passing between
the two countries from one-half
cent per pound to one cent for each
four ounces or fraction thereof.
This increase has been made in the
interest of the common herd, of
course. As these worthies were
sent to Ottawa to safeguard our
physical, mental and moral health,
more especially the latter, it is
indeed a wise provision to erect
barriers against contaminating influences crossing the line in either
direction. Let the Yankees keep
their literary poison at home. We
can produce a rank enough substitute on this side of the line. By-
shutting out the foreign product,
"home industry" will receive a
much needed stimulus. The postage should be raised to $4.00 an
ounce. By all means agitate for
Now that the Salvation Army's
scheme of bringing workingmen into the country to take the places
left vacant by strikers, has been exposed, it is hoped this aggregation
of mediocre humbugs will revert to
its original and legitimate purpose
of jolting the devil, and hereafter
refrain from mixing in earthly affairs beyond taking up a collection.
With eight men shot in the
streets of San Francisco in a fight
between strikers and strike-breakers, it looks as though the class
struggle was being "nobly" waged
in the California metropolis
May 1, International Labor Day,
has come aqd gone, and to judge
of the attention paid it by the press
its importance in thc calendar
looms greater with each succeeding
year. Labor strikes and demonstrations are reported from all parts of
the world wherever the class-conscious workers are struggling for
economic freedom from the rule of
capital. The Montreal comrades
seem to be in the lead in Canada in
the observance of this holiday, and
their street parade and mass meeting and sDccch-making, seems to
have greatly stirred up the labor-
skinning fraternity of the priest-
ridden city. It speaks volumes
for the estimate placed upon our
much vaunted "British institutions"
by their defenders and upholders
when the mere proposal of a few
workingmen to peaceably assemble
and discuss them sends the easy-
money gang of capitalist's and
priests into a fit. From what we
know of thc Montreal Socialists,
we believe they are quite capable of
explaining to their fellow workers
the real intent and purpose of capital, and the social and religious
institutions which are based upon
it—namely, the robbery of the
worker—in such a way that no
amount of patriotic slush or spiritual dope will have its usual effect of
lulling them into thc comatose condition which makes their exploitation easy.
The actions and behavior of the
"students" of Laval college, in assaulting and disturbing the street
parade bears eloquent testimony to
the nature of the "studies" these
gentry are taugjit in that institution. While the labor market of
the Canadian workingman has been
systematically glutted by the importation of cooley labor in great
hordes from England on the east
and India on thc west, we have also been afflicted with a pest which
is even more obnoxious. A great
part of the hungry clericals w1k>
have been deprived by the French
government worn continuing their
nefarious occupations in that country have lately turned their eyes
and their somewhat hasty steps towards this country. Just how
many of these were at the bottom
of the attack on Canadian working-
men in the streets of Montreal will
never be known, but we cannot repress the wish that thc French government would find some other
plan of disposing of their undesirable characters besides chasing
ihem over here to breed mischief
for us. — Proletary, in Winnipeg
the "un-
The So-
Editor Clarion:
I have just read some of the
speeches and criticisms of the Socialist members in the B. C. I*egis-
lature, and, although 1 am not a
professed Socialist, yet must admire
their standing up and representing
the claims of the working class. Although the members are few, yet
they give Premier McBritle more
trouble than four time, as many
Liberals. In fact, it is highly instructive to see how nearly alike
the Liberals and Conservatives are
getting to be. Especially did 1
appreciate the criticism of the uni
versity scheme. The Socialist
members touched the sore spots
when they pointed out whose children were going to benefit by a
university, where it was to be Uv
cated, whom would the land be
bought from, whose
would be blessed with
__,:iied increment," etc
cialists see that the
scheme is only another exploiting
scheme under thc guise of doing
something for education. But you
know that Satan always appears as
an angel of light. The labor ele
ment of B. C. have reason to feel
proud of the way their representa
tives have represented thetn during
the late session. The university
would be all right provided the coal
mines, timber limits, water privi
leges, town and city sites—all owned by the exploiters—were taxed to
build it. But no. They are going
to tax it out of the hides of those
who work. For myself, I am
single taxer, and yet I am reading
al! thc Socialist literature. 1 want
to know every side of thc problem
and aim to bring about the desired
result in thc easiest way possible.
Trtisting that the Clarion and the
Socialist memliers will get the ap
prcciation that they so richly deserve, I am, yours truly,
Last year no fewer than 110,762
non-fatal industrial accidents were
reported in Great Britain, compared
with 99,546 in 1905. Fatal acci
dents numbered 1,116, against
1,003. Only 27 of last year's total
were females, and 10? were young
persons. Thc largest number of
accidents in any one industry was
145 in the construction of buildings, as against 117 in 1905; 143
fatalities occurred in docks, and
118 in metal foundries. Mcchani
cal machinery accidents were responsible for 362 of the deaths; 15
deaths were due to electric •hocks,
and 371 were caused by "persons
falling." Hoist fatalities numbered 36, and cranes were responsible
for 89.
Glasgow, with 131 deaths, oc
cupies the unenviable position of
first in thc list of towns, and it wain the same plight in 1905, with 117
deaths. Birmingham had only 23
fatalities. Manchester 58, East
London 57, and South London 52
Lead poisoning cases in the year
numbered 632, against 592 in 1905,
and there were 66 cases of anthrax,
four of mercury poisoning, and
five of arsenic poisoning, making
a total of 707, with 54 fatalities,
against 603, including 42 fatalities,
in 1905.
Samuel Gompers, president, and
Frank Morrison, secretary, of the
American Federation of I-abor,
have as yet "nothing to say" of the
President's utterances concerning
the officers of thc Western Federation facing trial on thc charge of
murder in Idaho. The persecution,
instead of the prosecution of these
men, and that by thc moat corrupt
capitalistic influences in the country, is no longer a matter of conjecture on thc part of any observant, well-informed workingman in
America, and unless Sam and
Prank get a move on them and take
a stand, show their colors, before
the entire body of union labor precedes them, there are some several
million union men who will have
something to say regarding the
lukewarmness of their leaders when
in the face of the enemy and when
organized labor is on trial for its
lite.—Common Sense.
Smlisl Direct .ry
-' ■ ■ -1* - ■ - *       *
ggrUvtry Local uf tbe Social.,, !*,„, 0(
Can-da  thuulil  ran • card  und.. >-i   _
11.00 pn -Hmlh.    ttsct^t^L^L,^
S_.-i.liil Party of Canada •_«.,.'
alternate Tueiday.     jr_   w„-___ 'v"
ttisr,. s» OU--W-1E&**;
ex-live    fwamliice.   S4Ki_||_.    ,..„,   „,
MUV«,TT   Stt"tM**'   B*>»  M«.   V...
LOCAL    VANCOUVER, No.  1. s. n   0.
Canada.      Bualne**  rnreiii,,, ,»„, 'MllI1
I_7S__ApnSa ftSS
T ****''' t* '** Adrian* HI . .( ,„
is*--.^ *'*-**•»*••■ '••. Wad-.tT
riaaipeg, Maa.
».(H■*.!. NELSON. B. W. OF C     Mil is
*****    Friday   evcatng    ,i    _ „ .
Pfc.llip*.  Organteet.     I.  A.  Au.Ur.. _«,*
LOCAL NANAIMO. S. P. OK (. (Unmsii
Oraaek). Local mm, men -run.1 .Sun.
_*__•* ■•*•■_ **S l<nfik Satuidt. al
It*-__."*•• V tn\*.^*mmh t-u..„, „«nrr
„■__? **Z        mUtam      ***-• M«-l|a.l»l
aaoctwifa tatty  eeeon.1   Saturday  ai   * pi
6 m. ami lourtfc Sunday M IV ,.    I.
. I*af-_.  Secir-tv.    Ca. Ha.*--*.,,   Q,
Bos n. Nanaimo. 11   i
tatty Sunday I p. an. at l_n_ Haa,
corner Qmtan and Spedin* Acraan
Jaanr* Sunpaun. Secretary, |« Barton
Avenue. Fiamiak Branch mart. Sunday
nichta. tea* hall. Irw.ah Hureh. Sondai
m«fcla al IM It Owen St. War Italian
Branca. Saturday aitrfcta, ttmr '.a.'
Union Directory
MB Ttwy Meal: Wttttt Tbry Mm
ggf*V.-,try I_baar Union in llit tn .inrr »
Invited to ytett a card under ck,* htti 11 on
|*r month      Sacrctarwc *>l*_-r note.
urrnNATfCMAL    association   or
Brid(* and Structural Irtmaaork-r. I .a;
No. «J Mcrta ia l-b.'* Ma I fi.ai ind
third Friday ol lac month at « | _. R
lactinr, MMM Saftcrclatjr, I . IIM.
Vane outer,   p.  C.
M.       Mrcta   rvrr-   S»iu< !.»   rammf   at
T-M o'ekv-  In  Miner*'   Hall      i |,„  vi,
Inn**.   Prratdcot.     Walt.a   Matin.-.   *•<*.
M. Meat* everv NMur<U» : » i- «*• at
Miner* Hall. T. RufWrl'at.1. Sntrtaif.
Van  Amis. P •
IVtM*. Laval No. t* 11 ' *** ' >•
l*rr»aJenl. Ckaa. E-ibW-t.*.. Vice PttM
dent; Mr*. Ope. t'n.Wti--
CIuul I***- Treaaufr, J II r.'*.«*.
-wr-tn-r*. IM Cordo-a St W . *•«■ It**;
dall. It-Ma CmmrA Arrit * **«_<<
Mr-m. IM Cora-nr* St W . (»*t *~*
tWd Fftday aftrttaaaona al I n'!.-». mc
oad aad laatth Friday al «.» t> -  Td
G. A. OULL. Maoafcr
Bread and Cakes deliver**.! to any
part of tbe City.    You can always
depend upon our bread.    Try ii
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
I mttmit i flmni ****■
nt ttmmmai tmmft ml
w    — mmwm i '*•«*
tj*n**Pst au wi-*
Aah ymir Iceal Hardware
•r Hportla. Oooda Mer-
eaaal tar tha MTK*. *■**■
tt ■/•« aaaaot obtain. **•
I ahlp diraat, mtftett era-
paid, upon raealptoff-aia-
bad 4 aaalaItaatanpa for •■»}•'"*
lUuHl-todCat-lo(.Inrludln* rlr. u
tare of latoak addlllona to our >ia»
-on tal-a point* oa ahootlBf .»•"""*
Uthogmp-04 Baattr mailed ao»
hare tor tlttamta la atamp*
9. STBVSNS A*PM_?»>*. CO-
MkBaiKM' .
CUa-paa Valla. Btaaa.,  V. H. A.
sniiWaS!^^***- ■ N-tf-MM**11
MAY       l90V.
List of Supplies.
Membership cards, each 	
Application blanks (with platform) per 100  25
The same in Finnish W
Constitutions, per doz. 35
The Committee, being a stockholder in the co-operative publishing house of Chas. Kerr ft Co., can
procure litertaure for the Locals at
 .—o—    •
Regular weekly business meeting
held May 6th, Comrade Morgan in
the chair. Minutes of last meeting
read and adopted.
Warrants were dra*n for the
following amounts:
Kent for Grand theatre $15.00
Advertising meeting     3.00
Klectric light      -5.H5
I .iterature       3,00
Due stamps      5.00
Ad. space in Clarion     2.00
Financial Report.
Ii. I.. J. donation	
Collection Sunday night..
Sales of literature	
I hies  	
$ 1.00
. 155.50
.    3.00
.  ers
. 23.25
Meeting adjourned.
The Russian "Council of the
Kinpire" has adopted a new recruiting bill. A resolution was also
passed expressing thc "confidence
and respect of the council in the
glorious Russian army." As military glory is determined by acts of
fiendish brutality and murder that
Would put even a savage to the
blush, it is pleasing to note that thc
record -»f the Russian army has
liven Mifticietitly "glorious" during
recent years to meet with the approval of the "Council."
A blue book issued by the Canadian 1-iireau of CenttU and Statistics gives the average earning, of
males in manufacturing industries
as $403.14 per year; in agriculture
$J0..i5; in domestic service fSlt.-
'**. The average in all employments is fS87.ll for males and
$ I Hi.98 for females. In view of
these fabulous wages, the alarming
prevalence of fatty degeneration
among thc Canadian wage-earners
is easily accounted for.
When there has been a rip up
lietween employers and employees
•uid at last a truce has been declared and some sort of an agreement signed, the beatific look upon
lhe working plug's mug might almost lead one to believe that something had been settled.
WANTED-At tbe Ymir General
Hospital, •dttlfqaallledPracti-
Hotter and om with a number of
years experience. Pot particular*
write to
Secretary Ymir General Hospital.
P.O. Drawer 606, Ymir, B.C.
■OUii tiAima
S c\ V C
by bnyta- thto
reliable, 1-oneH-
high gnde sewing machine.
Nitkmil Scwtr.* Machine Ca.
• PASTMV ATmVB-ftB. ■*• *
"I am called a foreigner, but I
am a Socialist, and to those who
hate me because I am all this, I
would sav that this country was
discovered by Christopher Columbus, a foreigner. The name of this
country was given by Martin
Waldsmullcr, a foreigner. It was
named after Amerigo Vespucci, a
foreigner, and it was done in Germany, a foreign country.
"This country was explored by
Henry Hudson, Fernando de Soto,
Robert Cavelier de la Salle, Sebastian Cabot, and by many other foreigners. Your government is called
a 'republic,' a foreign form of government, of which the Greeks arc
the originators. Your Liberty Bell
was cast in England by foreigners.
The air of your 'Yankee Doodle'
waa composed in England by a foreigner, and likewise was the air of
your national hymn, 'The Star
Spangled Banner,' composed in
England by a foreigner named
John Stafford Smith.
"John Ericsson (a foreigner) invented and taught you how to build
telephones. Louis Agassiz, thc
greatest of your scientists; St.
Gaudens, the foremost of your
sculptors, and Alexander Hamilton, the most brilliant of your
statesmen, were foreigners. On
your arm you will find a mark; it
is called a vaccination mark, of
which Edward Jcnner (a foreigner) is originator. Your children
get their first training in kindergartens, a school originated by Fred-
rich Frobel, a foreigner. You speak
a foreign language, the language of
thc Englishman, and register your
votes in Australian voting
machines."—Miners' Magazine.
Vancouver unionists have decided to invite the Vancouver delegation to the Provincial House to
appear at a public meeting and give
an account of their stewardship
during thc recent session. To
hear $35-a-month Bowser and thc
valiant I apt. Tatlow tell all about it
will bc the most interesting event
that has occurred in Vancouver for
many a moon. The silence of the
other three need in no way detract
from the gayety of the occasion.
Everybody will be there.
"Sam" Gompers thinks the trade
union movement in England is suffering from having so much money.
"Sam" is narrow in his views. It
has long been known by the employers of labor that the entire
working class suffers from thc
same ailment. In order to reduce
diis suffering to a minimum they
arc always in favor of reducing
wages to the lowest possible limit.
It is to bc hoped, however, that the
suffering experienced by "Sam" in
consequence of his $250 per month
and perquisites is not altogether unbearable.
To encourage their pride and
stimulate their patriotism, workhouse children in England are compelled to salute the Union Jack
once a week while the band plays
"God Save the King." The future
safety of the empire is thus assured.
The Hindu workmen at a mill in
Kaslo, B. C, recently successfully
struck for more wages. Should
this sort of conduct be persisted in,
our dark-skinned fellow "British
objects" will in time become "undesirable citizens," according to thc
Roosevcltian standard.
Two miners working in the Sullivan mine near Cranbrook, B. C
-truck a charged hole that had been
forgotten or overlooked. Both
were instantly killed in the resultant explosion. The coroner decided that no inquest was necessary.
Of course not. Only two working-
men killed, anyway.
— o——	
Cooks, Waiters' and Waitresses'
I ocal Union 28 is arranging, for a
vaudeville entertainment at the
City hall on May 20, for the benefit
of the "Sick Fund." A social
dance is to follow the entertainment. A thoroughly good time is
assured,   Tickets, 50 dents.
♦When in need of printing telephone 8-2-4. The Clarion will do
the rest. 	
♦See   that   vour     organization
-em*s it9 next order for printing jo
|T Western Clarion, Flack Block.
Vancouver, B. C.    Box 836.
The C. P. R. elevator   men at
Fort William had their wages
raised by that generous Company
to the munificent sum of 22 1-2
cents per hour. Still the men are
not satisfied. They are standing out
for Ji5 cents. Rarely has such a
display of extortionate greed come
to our notice. 25 cents per hour!
It is outrageous.
<1a.» alter dale 1 intend to apply to th* Chief
(.ommiHionrr of Lauda and Worki for a
Imcmc lo cm and carry away timber from the
following described landa in the Coaat District:
-ommcncing at a po.t planted on lhe West
side ol Loue-borough inlet, about one and t
half mllea South of P. R. Is..; th«ncc Weal
in chains; Ihrnce North 80 chaina; I bene*
halt SU chaina; thence South 80 chaina, to
Halting   point.
Haled April  18th, 1907,
Notice ia hereby given Uul titer 10 day*
w* intend to apply to the C'ommiaaioner of
Land* and Worka for a special licence to cut
and carry away timber fron th* following de-
•cribed landa in Rupert District:
No. 1. Commencing at t poat about half •
mile Eait of the N. E. corner of Section 19,
T. S. 11, marked S. W. corner poat, tbence
North 100 chaina; thence Eaat 40 chain*;
thence South 1(0 chaina; thence Weat 40
chain* to point of commencement.
No. 1. Commencing at the aame point aa
No. 1, marked a S. E. corner poet; tbence
North 160 chaina; thence West 40 chaina;
thence South ISO chaina; thence Eaat 40
chain, to point of commencement.
No. I. Commencing at a point about half
a mile West from the N. E. comer af
•ection .». T. S. If, marked S. W. corner
pod; thence North ISO chains; thence Eaat
40 chain*; thence South 1(0 chain*; thence
West 40 chaina to point of coomencement.
No. 4. Commencing at tame noint aa No.
I. marked S. E. corner poat; thence North
1(0 chain*; tbence Weat 40 chaina; thence
Sooth 1(0 chains; tbence Eaat 40 chaina to
point of commencement.
No. 8. Commencing at a point half a mile
West of the N. W. cornet- of .action IS.
narked S. E. corner pott; tbence North 100
chain.; tbence West 40 chain*; thence South
1(0 chain*; thence East 40 chaina to point of
No. (. Commencing at the S. E. corner of
•ection 10, marked N. E. corner poat; tbence
South 1(0 chain*; thence West 40 chain*;
tbence North 1(0 chain*; tbence Eaat 40
chaina to point of commencement.
No. 7. Commencing at the same point at
Na. (, marked S. £. corner poll; thence
North U0 chains; thence West 40 chain*;
thene* South 1(0 chains; tbence East 40
chsins to point ot commencement.
No. 8. Commencing tt a poat half a mile
Weil of th* S. W. corner of section 10,
marked N. W. corner Beat; thence Sooth 1(0
chaina; tbence Ettt 40 chaina; thence Nortb
1(0 chaina; thence Weat 40 chain* to point of
N'o 9. Commencing at th. tame point ia
No. (, marked S. W. corner post; thence
North 1(0 chain.; thence Eaat 40 chain*;
thence South 1(0 chain.; thence West 40
chaina to point of commencement.
No, 10. Commencing at same point as No.
9, marked S. E. corner post; tbence Norlb
100 chain*; thence West 40 chain*; tbence
South 100 chain*; thence East 40 chain* to
point of commencement.
No. 11. Commencing at a point near the
N. E. corner of (ection 31, marked N. E. cor-
ncr post; thence South 80 chain*: tbence West
80 chain*; thence North 80 chains; Ihence
Ea.t 80 chaina to point of commencement.
No. 18. Commencing at the N. E. corner
of section 18, marked S. E. corner pott;
thence West 100 chaina; tbence North 40
chaina; tbence Eaat 1(0 chains; thence South
40 chaina to point of commencement.
No. 13. Commencing at a poat about
South ot tbe S. W. corner of section IS, T. S.
14, marked N. W. corner post; tbence South
80 chain*; tbence Eaat 80 chania; thence
North 80 chain*; thence West 80 chains to
point of commencement.
No. 14. Commencing at a point about two
miles South of the S. W. corner of section
to, marked N. W. corner poat; thence South
1(0 chain.; thence East 40 chains; tbence
North 1(0 chaina; thence West 40 chaina to
point of commencement.
No. 1ft. Commencing at tbe tame point a*
No. 14, marked N. E. corner pott; tbence
South 100 chain*; thence Wett 40 chaina;
thence North 100 chain*; tbence Eaat 40
chaina to point of commencement.
No. 1(. Commencing at a pott near the
N. W. corner of tectum 13, tsstted N. E.
corner poit; thence South 1(0 chain*; thence
West 40 chains; tbence North 1(0 chains;
tbence East 40 chains to point of commencement.
No. 17. Commencing at the aame point a*
No. 1(, marked S. W. corner post; thence
North 1(0 chain*; tbence Ea.t 40 chains;
thence South 100 chain*; tbence West 40
chaina to point of commencement.
No. 18. Commencing at the aame point aa
No. 17, marked S, E. corner pott; tbence
North 1(0 chains; tbence Weat 40 chains;
Ihence South 1(0 chains; tbence Eaat 40
chain* to point of commencemeni.
Na 19. Commencing near the S. W.
corner of section tt. marked S. W. corner
pott; thence North 80 chain*; thence Eaat 80
chaina; thence Sooth 80 chain.; thence Weat
80 chaina to point of commencement.
No. to. Commencing at the tame point at
No. 19, marked S. E. comer post; thence
North 1(0 chain*; thence West 40 chain*;
thence South 1(0 chain*; tbence Eatt 40
chain* to point oi commencement.
No. tl. Commencing at a point about one
mile South of the S. W. corner of section tt,
marked S. E. corner paw: thence Weat 80
chaina; thence North 80 chain*; thence East
80 chain*; tbence South 80 chain* to point of
No. tt. Commencing at a point near the
S. W. corner of section tl, marked S. E.
corner po.t; thence North SO chains; thence
Watt 80 chains; thence South 80 chain*;
tbence East to chain* to point of commence*
No. 23. Commencing about one mile Nortb
from N. W. corner of section 17, marked S.E.
corner post; tbence North 80 chains; thence
West 80 chains; thence South 80 chains;
tbence East 80 chain* to point of commencement
No. 24. Commencing at a point about two
mile* South of the S. E. corner of .ection 19,
marked S. W. comer post; thence North 80
chain*; tbence East 80 chains; thence South
80 chains; thence West 80 chains to point of
ti. Commencing at the tame point a* No.
14, marked N. W. corner poat; thence South
100 chain*; thence Eaat in chains; thence
North 100 chains; Ihence Weat 40 chaina to
point of commencement.
No. 26. Commencing at a point near the
*S. W. corner of (ection 'It, marked N. W.
corner po*t; thence South 80 chain*; thence
Eaat BO chain*; thence North 80 chains;
thence West SO chain* to point of commencement
No. 37. Commencing at a post near the
S. W. corner of section 18, T. S. 13, marked
N. W. corner post; thence South 1(0 chains;
thence East 40 chain*; thence North 1*0
chain*; tbence Wot 40 chain* to point of
No. tt. Commencing at a post near the
N. W. corner of aection 18, marked S. E. corner pott; thence North 80 chains; thence
Wett 80 chains; tbence South 80 chain.;
thence Eatt 80 chain* to point of commencement
No. 39. Commencing at a point near
the N. W. corner of aection 4, T. S. 14,
marked N. E. corner poat; thence South 1(0
chain*; thence Weat 40 chains; thence North
1(0 chains; tbence Eaat 40 chains to point of
No. 80. Commencing at a point half •
mile  East of the  S.  W. corner of tectiaa' (.
marked N. E. corner post; thence South IM
chain.; thence West 10 chain*; there* North
1(0 chains: thence East 40 chain* to point
of commencement.
No. 31. Commencing at a point near Ae
5. E. corner of section 24. T. 5. 13, marked
S. E. comer post; tlience Nortb 1(0 chaina;
thence Weil 10 chains; thence. South 1(0
chains; ihence Ea.t 40 chains to point of
No. HI. Commencing at a point about
half a mile West ot the S. W. corner of lection 34, T. S. 13, markel S. B, corner pott;
thence North 1(0 chain*; thence Wett 40
chain.; thence South lou chains; (hence East
40 chains tn point  of commencement
No. tt. Commercing at a point near the
S. K. corner of section 27, T. S. 13, marked
S. E. comer post; thence North 80 chain*;
thence West 80 chains; thence South 80
cliains; thence Eatt 80 chsins to point of
No. 34. Commencing at a point near Ihe
S. E. corner of section 29, T. S. IS, marked
S. E. corner post; tlience North 80 chains;
thrnce West hn chains; thence South 80
chains; thence Eaat 80 cliains to point of commencement.
No. 35. Commencing at a point near the
S. E. comer of lection 10. T. S. 13, marked
S. E. corner post; thence North 80 chain*;
thence West R0 chains; thence South M
chains; thence East Ro chains to point of
' commencement.
No. 36. Conmirncini* near the S. E. corner
of section 2'., T. S. 12, marked S. E. corner
post; thence North 80 cliains; thence Weat
"ft chains: th-nce South 80 chaina; thence
East 80 chains to point of commencement.
No. 37. Commencing at a point near the
N. W. corner of tec tion 10, T. S. 15, marked
\. W. corner potf, thence East 80 chains;
thence North 40 chains; thence East 40 chain*;
thence South 80 chain.: thence West ltO
chains: thence North 40 chains to point of
Dated al Vancouver, B. C, April 8th, 1907.
Buy no Cigars Without
This LABEL on Box ...
Fleor-de-lla Chatelaine fin
Figured pattern and hard enamelled,
in cole rv
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or Bc and C Wrappers
Raman Cold Chatelalna Win
Fleur-de-li* pattern with raised
trimmings, finished in hard
free for IflO Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or lie. and B Wrapper*.
Mo. 1001
Reman CeM-flnlehed Brooch
it it a amaaamtan ot a toiw gold
patter-. The leave* and flower*
are bard-enamelled in appropriate colore, and ia tbe centre
of each tower U a fine imitation
Free for NO Royal Crown Soap Wrap-
pert, or Bc. aad B Wrappers.
Mo. UM*
Enamelled Win ia flat*
The centre of thia pin la enamelled;
only theootaide edge ia poliahed,
' making a very pretty contrast.
Free for 7S Royal Crown Soap Wrap-
pert, or 15c and B Wrapper*,
Wo. 15004
Starling Silver laco fin
Double heart, made vrt of one
plain aud one fancy heart- a vei y
attractive design.
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soap Wrap-
pert, or tic. aud ii Wrappers.
No. t095
?->ncy Bar Pin
**M_ra Isold fintih.tet with It atone.—
eraeralda and brilliant* alternately.
Free for llO Royal Crown f-oaoWrapper*, or Sic um! '.j tt rapper*. *
No. tO»S—>nnie as above, only act
wilh peat I nud brilliant*.
Free for luo Royal Ctown Soap Wrapper-, or tic and ti Wrapper*.
No. 11880
Inamelled Bar Pin
Finlahed in plate wllh three equate*
of enamel, with plated bar between.
Free for 75 Royal Crown Soap Wrappera, or lie. and _i Wrapper*.
No. 1011
Plated Cuff Pin
Two pin* in a aet, and art witb a large,
white peart
Free for 7S Royal Crown Soap Wrapper!, or lie. and B Wrappers.
No. 1 tS8-8ame aa above, with pink
Free for 11 Royal Crown Soap Wrap-
pert, or Uc and S Wrapper*.
• No. 118*0
Cuff Plna
Marqulw^rhaped piece of mother-of-
pearl in Wire basket aetting -
cornea I in a act
Free for 40 Royal Crown Soap Wrapper!, or 10c and 10 Wrapper*.
No. 11841— Same as above, only aet
with .uiokcd pearl.
Free for 40 Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or 10c. and 10 Wrapper*.
Mo. 10818
Fancy Opart-Work laca Pta
Leaf aJetlrn. nicely enamelled and
aet with three extra-quality white
Free for WO Royal _rown Soap Wrappers, or 3c. and ti Wrappers.
No. 10818
Roman Cold-finiahad Laca Pin
Inlaid with seven extra-fine brilliant*.
Thia ia a very beautiful pin. and
we recommend it to »nyone who
ia looking for a gold lace pin at a
moderate price.
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soup Wrappers, or tic and 2i Wrapper*.
tnamelled Laca Pin
Four-leaf clovet pattern, with twiated
petal* aet wilh a whole pearl.
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or tic and B Wrapper..
No. lSa-3
Roaa Cold Lacs Pin
With enamelled panav in fie centre,
nnder which arc three briHiauta
of great lustre.
Free for MO Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or Bc. and ti \'. *_',>•.> r*.
No. 4001
Winnipeg Flag Pin
In red any navy blue, and bine aad
white. The letter* are raised and
finished iu plate. Cut is exact pm
Free for 40 Roval Crown Soap Wrap/
per*, or lUc. and 10 Wrapper*.
No.   1835
Panay Brooeh
Rom-n gold finish, hard enamelled in
beaulif nl colore.
Free for 100 Royal Crown .*>.vap Wrap-
pert, or Be. and t> Wisprpers.
No. 1338
Roman Bald Brooch Pin
Four-leaf clover detifru, and finished in hard-enaw.l in beautiful
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soap Wrap
pert, orjia-. and ti Wrappers.
No. 156-4
Craaeant Brooch
Roman gold  finiah, aet with nine
whole pearls.
Free for 105 Royal Crown Soap Wrapper*, or Bc and B Wrappera,
No. 10811
Fancy Opcn-Work Laca Pin
I*af pattern, *et with three fine
brilliants and finished off ln
Free for 100 RoyatCrown Soap Wrappers, or Bc. and S Wrappers.
Mo. 10S34
Starting Silver Loaf Brooch
The stem and vein* In th- le-if are
bright cut. giving the l'iu a very
»i Ustic appearance.
Free for 1X1 Royal Cmwii Soar. Wrappers, or &c. and Si Wruppci-
Sterling Silver Wlabbana I
One of the most popular plna i
Free for IS Royal Crown Soap Wrap.
per*, or 31c. and B Wrappera.
No. 11881
Bar Pin
Centre is finished In hard enamel, and
ou eaeli end ate three atonte
ruby aud pearl*.
Free for 15 Koval Crown Soap Wrap-
per*, or lie, and _.'• Wrappers.
Starling Sliver laca Pin
Anchor design, with rope—a very
neat pattern.
Free for 1*5 Royal Crown Soap Wrappers, or Sic. and B Wrapper*.
No.  13914
Sterling Silver Heart Laca Pla
Half   fancy,   half plain—a very at.
tractive pin.
Free for 100 Royal Crown Soap Wrap.
per s, or Be and _ > Wrapper*.
No. 118.4
Silver-plated Bar Pin
Bet with emcraHa and brilliant*
alternately. T*_* P!n i» of tha
lutest design, and is very popular.
Free for I'i Roval Crown Soap Wrappers, or iic. and 2. Wrappera.
Address: Premium Department,
■I '•'.'
,',. ..Ml
■... ,i .nmwmmiKM.iA gi wmaur oumw. T-Jfoowiia n-mra ooluhbia,
News, Views, Aspirations and Activities of Those Who
Do the World's Work—Local, Provincial, Dominion
and International Events Indicative of the World's
Industrial and  Political Growth and  Development
VANCOUVER is fast becoming the centre of industrial
activity and development in
Western Canada. This, in
a word, means that more
wage-earners are being employed by owners of capital, in the
process of wealth production, than
ever before.
Because of this utilization of the
natural resources of the Canadian
West,   the   relationship   between
wage-earners   and   employers ex-
prese itself in many and  various
ways.   The daily press reports give
ample evidence of this.   To know
and understand just what is going
on amid all this strife and clamor
for industrial supremacy is an interesting theme, worthy the attention of every thinking man.
The working'class of Western
Canada, for the most part, is composed of winkers. True, they have
been unable to agree upon the solution of the problem which con
fronts them; but even the partial
awakening has been responsible, to
a large extent, for the tremendous
increase, during the last two years,
in the circulation of British Columbia newspapers.
* The modern newspaper of today
seeks circulation. To acquire this,
the demands of its readers must be
Just the minute the workers of
tins or any other land demand a
daily newspaper, wholly devoted to
the cause of Labor,   it   will   be
-   brought into being.
Certain it is, anyway, that the big
daily is fast superseding the country weekly, and even labor papers,
for the reason that it can   cover
nearly every phase of life, bring
buyer and seller together, and, in
addition, furnish the world's news,
delivered daily, at very small cost
If this be true, it's about up to
,   the workers of Western Canada to
demand a daily paper of their Own.
At least half a dozen Socialist
dailies are now thriving across the
How about ONE in Canada?
Let's hear from you.
The annual Socialist convention
of the state of Washington was
held in the city of Seattle, beginning Saturday, 9 a. ia, May 4,
Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council will meet in Labor Hall
next Thursday evening; parliamentary committee on Wednesday
Secret-tries of labor organizations
are invited to send in items of interest to members to this department not later than Wednesdays—
for Saturday's issue.
"Is this a Christian civilization?"
asks a Socialist writer. Of course
it is. Did you ever hear of savages
starving themselves because there
was too much food?—Ex.
John T. Mortimer, who went to
British Columbia to campaign for
the Socialists in the late provincial
elections, and who has since been
speaking for the party in that province, is in Winnipeg.—Voice.
It is the work of Providence to
change the face of things, and remove tHem from one face to another. All conditions are subject
to revolution, so that you need not
be afraid of anything new. ■
Marcus Aurelius Antoninas.
A peat many workers are blind
to the fact that the Socialist agitation is giving them innumerable
benefits which they would never receive otherwise.
Shakespeare very nicely put it
when he said: "You take my life
when you take the means whereby
I live." But if brought up to date
it would read like this: "You own
my life if you do own the means
whereby I work."
The Johannesberg ,S. A, unemployed are making their presence
known by daily processions
through the streets of that city. The
municipal council is arranging to
start relief wrks. Only a change
of flag.
The last few meetings of Vancouver Trades and Labor Council
were taken up largely with internal affairs. The carpenters' strike
and "reports from unions" went
far to prove the irresistible conflict
of interest between brothers Capital
and Labor.
Says a Paris cablegram: The
startling growth of Socialism in
France is attracting the attention
of students of political economy
through Europe. Socialism is
reaching a development and a
strength here that it never has attained in Germany, Belgium or any
other of its strongholds.
At the recent general election, 83
Socialists were elected to the parliament of Finland. Of the Socialists
elected. 78 are men and 11 are women. Tlie Conservatives elected
4? candidates, the Reactionary and
Swedish party (combined) elect
ed 54. The granting of woman
suffrage was due to tiie propagan
da of the Social Democratic party
and constitutes the basis for the recent victory.
British Columbia legislators are
about to vote themselves an increase in salary, but the working-
man prefers the old way in butting
up against a police club trying to
get an increase in his wages.
The Protest Conference of Philadelphia participated with the Central Labor Union in the May Day
parade which the latter body arranged. The conference was represented by a float in the parade and
the Moyer-Haywood case received
prominent attention.
Newfoundland's cod fishery gave
employment to 70,000 persons in
1906, during which year 38,037,328
pounds, valued at $1,205,932, were
shipped froth Labrador to Europe.
The workers' share was just sufficient wages to buy back enough
food to enable them to repeat the
operation this year.
Despatches from St. Petersburg still continue to pour in as
corroborative evidence of the social revolution now going on in
Russia. The transfortation of
feudalism into capitalism is costing
much bloodshed and disquietude,
but no power on earth can stem
the tide or set aside the laws of
Nature. The rule of autocracy
must go.   And go it will.
Vancouver carpenters are to repeat the experienceo f local machinists some three years ago. They
want to once more convince themselves that the Liberal government's Alien Laboi Law isn't
worth the paper it's written on.
Tlie labor problem is not how to
boost wages or how to reform
slavery, because wages cannot be
boosted by combination nor slavery
reformed except by and for tiie
benefit of the masters. Labor's
problem is how to get possession of
the means whereby it lives and the
wealth it creates. Any movement
short of this deserves only the
contempt of every working man
with intelligence.
"I am a Socialist, and not a Prohibitionist, because I believe the
appalling consumption of liquor
and tobacco and other artificial and
pernicious stimulants and narcotics
is the direct result and not the cause
of the strenuous struggle for existence which forces man to welcome
with outstretched arms the tempting, if only temporary, relief from
its nerve-racking toil and worry."
This is the conclusion reached by
the eminent Frances Willard after
a life-long labor in the cause of
Modern labor men may be interested in labor conditions in 1793,
as set forth in an old law. This
old-time statute of England contained the following six clauses*.
Any stone cutter who joined a
union was to be sent to jail for two
They must work from 6 o'clock
in the morning until 8 o'clock at
Wages are not to be higher than
48 cents a day.
Each man was to be allowed
three cents for breakfast.
Anyone who refused to work
was to be imprisoned for not more
than two months.
If any employer paid higher
wages he was to be fined $25.
The usual spring quota of disturbances in the labor market are
somewhat in evidence in Canada
just now. The daily press is full
of details of the rebellion from
coast to coast. Thc "identity of
interests" between capital and la
bor is rather difficult to discern.
It Will Pay You to Watch
This Space Every Week
Women at a distance who are not acquainted with the
Stark Store, we want to tell of the advantages of our great
mail order syst-m— '■
—We carry complete stocks of Dry Goods, Millinery,
Women's Ready-to-Wear Apparel and House Furnishings—
—We're always conducting special sales from the various Departments—shoppers at a distance who forward orders for goods similar to those on Special Sale, are always
given the advantage of any special reduction—
—One experienced person is in charge of the Mail Order Department and every order is filled as conscientiously
as though you were shopping in person—
—We should be pleased at any time to forward you
samples and quote prices on any line of goods you may require.
If you are not already acquainted with us—try us for
best qualities at lowest prices.
170 Cordova St. -   -   Vancouver, B. C.
A. O. amreaa-Jtak
•M. hm,
•U . . Vi
CrtTCRS  ******
**V*pism ptemptly aud Mat-
Slack of stasia ready-niad*
all «-**-•.
Twelve hundred carpenters were
involved in the recent str "layoff" in Vancouver.
Vancouver butchers have formed
a branch of the Amalgamated Meat
Cutters' with a charter membership
of 42.
Evidently the workers of Montreal are preparing to celebrate Labor's international holiday, May 1,
if the following excerpt from a
Montreal daily be correct:
There was an echo of last year's
May Day Socialist parade at the
meeting of the council yesterday
afternoon. Aid. Levy, who brought
up the matter, asked the following
"Is it to the knowledge of the
police committee that Socialists and
associated bodies having subversive
tendencies to public order and to
the maintenance of existing institutions, are preparing to hold a public demonstration in the streets of
the city on or about May 1?
"If so, what preventative measures do the police committee intend
to take to face this situation?
"If not, do the police committee
propose to take means to study the
The Cost of Capital* to the
Workers—"Industrial accidents occurring to 267 individual workpeople in Canada during the month
of March, 1907, were reported to
jthe Department of Labor. Of
these 79 were fatal and 188 resulted in serious injuries. In addition,
two fatal accidents were reported
as having taken place prior to the
beginning of the month, information not having been received by
the department before March, 1907.
The number of fatal accidents reported in March, 1907, was three
less than during thc previous month
and eight more than in March,
1906. Of 213 returns received
during the month giving the ages
of the victims of industrial accidents, 15 referred to persons under
21 years of age, 38 to persons between 21 and 45 and eight over
45; 152 persons were over 21 years
of age, but their exact, ages were
not specified."—Labor Gazette.
Ramon Morales, editor of "El
Obrero Socialista," of Guadalajara,
Mexico, has been imprisoned for
his vigorous advocacy of Socialist
A new phase of the question of
the right of public employees to organize has arisen in France. The
schoolmasters of several districts
have formed associations upon thc
instigation of the Radical Social
ists, and have joined the general la
bor federation. There is no at
tempt to conceal the fact that the
purpose of the organization of
teachers was the propagation of the
doctrines of anti-militarism and the
general idea of solidarity of the interests of the working, as against
those of the capitalist class. The
government promptly forbade
"teacher syndicates."     M. Briand,
A raise in wages for the working class cannot be legislated. The
immutable laws of supply and dc-
irerd apply to labor-power just as
ar,. other commodity.
In a letter to the Labor Bureau,
Ottawa, from the Western Fuel
Company of Xanaimo, B. C, under
date of April 1, it was stated that
the company could give employment to 100-150 underground
workers, including miners, shiftmen, brushcrs, drivers, pushers,
etc. The wages of day-men were
stated to run from $2.50 to $3.25
per shift. Why not have appealed
to Brigadier Tatlow direct?
The   Cigarmakers'   Union     of
Vancouver are urging their inter
national executive to pay the per
capita tax of Canadian branches into the Trades and Labor Congress,
Employees of thc St. Eugene
Mining Company at Moyie, B. C,
have had their hours reduced one
hour |wr day, without reduction in
Is this not a case of "breach of
professional etiquette?" Owing to
the general increase in the cost of
living, the doctors of Austria have
decided to raise their fees 50 per
After a strike lasting five weeks,
tiie carpenters of Vancouver arc to
return to work at a rate of .*>:* 1*8
cents per hour.
One of the most dangcroiu
menaces of "China-towns" in a
community is that of unsanitary
conditions*—and Vancouver is no
exception to the rule.
The immigration into Canada for
eight months, from July to February, was 67,6_4 by ocean porti and
27,969 from the United States, an
increase of 47 per cent, over thc
corresponding period of thc year
Since thc woman suffragists
have opened their campaign in
Hyde Park, London, the place is
saul to bear a certain striking resemblance to a farm-yard during
the season when eggs arc cheap.
Municipal government for the
benefit of thc tax-paying bourgeoisie which has been turned down in
thc recent county council elections
in London is alleged to lie a "setback for Socialism." That brand
of Socialism could be "set back" for
all time, together with the class for
whose benefit it was designed, and
never disturb the complacency of
the revolutionary proletariat one
The 65,000 members of tlie
Bricklayers' and Mason*' International Union for the third time are
taking a referendum vote thnniKh-
out the country on the question of
joining the American Federation of
Notary Public for B. C
Office 'Phone 699
House 'Fhone BH54
PAtricvT-Aas or anv mm- <■*•
the central legislative body inCan^ *he ™rkinK   cU»V.in   JS*
■^ country, they pay a section of the
workers to shoot their    brothers
ada. If affiliation of all Cigar-
makers' Unions in Canada by this
means is effected, it will considerably strength the Canadian body,
and probably become a potent factor in the future policy of the
A "Vaudeville Benefit Smoker"
will be held under the auspices of
the International Brotherhood of
Electrical Workers, Local Union
213, at Elks' hall, Kobson and
Granville streets, on Tuesday, May
14, in aid of Fred Delisle. Mr.
Delisle, a member of the union, has
suffered permanent injuries as the
result of a fall while engaged at
his work. Every workingman in
the city should attend, so that a
substantial sum may be realized.
Admission, 50 cents.
in announcing the decision to   the shillings each for children.     The
deputation, said*. "Because of the
nature of your services, the state
can never permit you to act as other
employees do. You are not working for an ordinary employer, but
for the state, and revolt against the
state is revolt against the country
whose representatives vote your
Will Flood the Labor Market, in
Order to Keep Wages Down to
Cost of Subsistence.—"An arrangement was recently made by the Immigration Branch of thc Department of the Interior, Canada, for
obtaining a high class of immigrants in continental countries.
Under its terms a bonus will bc
paid to booking agents for immigrant farmers, farm laborers, gardeners, stablemen, carters, railway
surfacemen, navvies, or miners,
who have signified their intention
of following farming or railway
construction in Canada, and for
female domestics. The bonus will
amount to ten shillings for adults
of 18 years of age or over, and five
bonus is to be paid to selected
steamship booking agents in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Holland,
Germany, Austria, Russia, France,
Belgium and Switzerland. The
agents will be carefully selected by
the. Assistant Superintendent of
Immigration in London, England."
—Labor Gazette.
The capitalist class are the most
unscrupulous, cowardly, and cunning class ever known in the
world's history.   They degrade and
down in the event of a strike, and if
they want a market, well, tbey
arouse false patriotism and send
the workers out to kill and to be
killed—and the poor ignorant fools
do it, and think they are fighting •
for their country. |
(Established 1899)
tal Estate, fence ari
RmkU J-jttfc
600 Westminster Avenue
Cor. Keeler St.
VuwU '^ ro^i'-ri BLDS'_
ooocoooooooooooaeeeeappoe*** o**1
United Hatters of Worth America
• i *         _.._. ... it
Whin yau an hurta* a WVH MAT *** to
tbat the Oeaulne Unto* tahel te »«***_*J" "-J,
a retailer Im* town laoela in   his V*a***_*o **
often to pat *n* in a hat for you. *• not **•«■?"
him.   Unaa  labola In ratal! tor*, ar. ^»B«*rtJ„f
Tho cenulno Unloa   lAbel   m aettant*it • ■»
eagm. eaaaUy tho same aa a potmge «****_ ™*
forfeit, era .om. Umoo V******* «« «g£jJS-
and  aam*  Umoo only oa twa.  Joha h. wi*" "
ot PhUadelahla, Is a aon-unlon eonoera.
JOB* a. Mowwrtr, ftiiiwt. *****w+*' "L-
MARTIN  IiAWLOR, faorabury, II Waver-* n*»
Don't Burn Money
With Gas.     You burn fuel
only whilst cooking.
With Coal and Wood tlv* expense goes on before, during
and after.
Vancouver Gat Company, Ltd.
in a e m*m*wnw*rwm*t m*mm**A'l »»waaf,
**_      -*/
MAY 30 1907,
i_jw_fc^r: ^ri-nr'i.i'ri'iir .,,,;-_;&■ '
cent Victory.
! wage* he was to be fined $85.


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