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The Western Clarion Aug 5, 1905

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'3.    AUG 5.]90.
Published in the Interests <rf the Working Class Atone,
T»l> *"
Vancouver, B. C, Saturday, A
ugust 5, 1905.
DilWoroi to Iho World Throogb the Socialist Preii
snbacription Prle*
r«» Vexs
system. arul it on,      ,
iiuiiation    of  labor  and  of  the  hu
German Chancellor prevented
il„, Wcll known Socialist
Mber of the French chamber of de-
luii's from speaking at a meeting
Berlhi in favor of international
' K is usual in any such mat-
Is for lhe government of one coun-
[v to convey its wishes to the gov-
Innii'iii of 1 lie olher. *>"t in this
il„. ,xt inordinary course was
kken «hi'i'cli.v the German ambassa-
intlmated direct to the object
",„.,! Frenchman Ihat he would not
1 allowed to s|K>ak if he went to
(itIiii Jaures and hia friends have
i reason to find fault with the Ger-
nuilidi ilies. for the result has
tn id provide a world audience for
if speaker instead of one   gathered
uier line roof in the capital of thu
niser.    .Inures sent  his speech   by
ail, and ii has been translated into
any languages,    Had it been a de-
•prnnrc in favor of war and extend-
markets,   it is more  than   lr*k«ly
la 1 (lie whole of it would have been
lutrlbutod   by   ihe capitalistic  news
brncies, but it is not that kind, and
Jns«|i"'nlly  the reform press of all
great will   see to it  that the pith
l ihe speei h is published throughout
world,     Effective  suppression  is
longer possible, although chancel-
aml   emperors    and  czars  are
Iithly slew to catch on to the.fact.
Immediately that it became kmown
llritain that  the prohibition    had
|cn placed on .Inures, the council of
independent   labor   parly    cabled
in mil Ueltol  inviting  them  to nd-
m it demonstration  in  London.
Hr are    herewith    enabled  to five
e mam    portion of the  suppressed
srlin »p h  ns  translated  for     the
Itish labor press:
are concerned, a luck of idealism 35
years ago brought the one to unity
and the other to a republic only
through war." We will remember
the past  only  to take  together   the
man race,     	
Horror of an Armed Peace
'    have
Today wo nave an armed peace,
which is an enormous bureaucracy,
and men "do not know whether that
which they bear on I heir shoulder* is
war or tho corpse of war.' . . The
sleepy barbarism of the armed peace
 its like a stagnant  marsh where plun
oath to abjure all pride, all hatred. | *'" the. illusory reflect!,
all defiance; to work
of  labor,
^^^^^^^^^ altogether with
one heart. to found the definite
IH'ace of Germany nnd France, in order that thc two peoples may give
themselves entirely' to the work of
civilization "
Jaures  then turns  lo  the Franco-
Russian alliance,   which,  he says,  in
spite of the difference in institutions
of  the  countries,      might  have  been
Huccesslul   il  worked  in  the interests.
of pence.     But,  "outside France lost
all  control  of the  alliance.     It was
Hussin  alone which  fixed its   meaning."    "A compact  of mutual   guarantee  was   turned  into  a compact  of
adventure,"   and     "thus    Republican
France became in the Far East    tlie
servant of the ambitions and the Imprudences of Itussin."    The sciolists
played an important part in preventing the full calamity of France being
further  implicated.     Thanks  to     th«i <
efforts  of liberals  and  socialists     in
Kussin, a  new  Russia  which will   be
a guarantee of peace is being creat
Peaceful  Alliances.
on of burning
He concludes: "When, therefore, International socialism organizes itself to assure ponce"between the i»eo-
and by ihe emancipation
it is not only against injustice and violence that it strives,
but il struggles also against the ambiguities nnd the contradictions
which falsify In the long run the 1110-
rnl life of the nations. For their
great work of social and moral revolution the Oorman and the French
proletariat can dp much by their union, by their common action. Our
duty is high and clear; always to
propagate the idea, always to hope,
always to stir and organize the energies, always to fight, until a victory of Ihe international socialist
democracy the creator of justice and
pence."—Winnipeg Voice.
Ar Cogllih Ctmuit oo EcoMOelcs ami OooMcratlc locltHooi
Portland Conrades lo tho Fight lor Freo Speed
(Or the attempt to Polandize Portland, Oregon, by a vest pocket set
of snobocratlc political office holders,
i. e., a Russianized acting Chief of
Police, a ward heeling deputy city
attorney and a good naturod but reliable tool of Capitalism, a Police
Court   Judge.)
Diplomacy and Peace.
'Citizens, I am happy to be here
the delegate of the socialist group
Ihe French parliament to affirm
h \imi the solidarity and unity of
French and Gentian proletariat.
eir common and firm desire to pre-
peace, to conquer peace by the
ganliation ami emancipation ofall
workers. I rejoice that at this
moment there is a pause in the
iWramontal relations between Ger-
n.v nnd France, and that the Morgan conflict is on the way to solu-
»• Up to what point did this
■Bid menace peace? Did the two
Plw really run the monstrous
«l being thrown one upon the
Ihw One cannot soy with exact-
fur one of the beauties of dlp-
"*■"■ is that one can never know
* fin aim j at what point it puts
iPerll the peoples whum it is Its
i'lucs t()  save."
Dangers of Capitalism.
f-apitalism is (u|| 0f    dangers     to
'Il creates an appetite   for
«"<l      "it  must  seek  distant
fuumers, because the whole system
■"•ill-drawing from  the  workers a
P   part  ol the produce of     their
featralns the free national con-
jnptlon."     Thi*  leads  to   national
*rrels.    ftfi<|.    unfortunately,     the
|"k<'"> are not sufficiently aware of
|at i» going on.     They  are     mls-
»    false    appearance of na-
>W grandeur," and they know so
'' "' their fellows in foreign coun-
'are not sure uf be^
[ •upPortrd on the other side    of
m frontiers,     and abandon     them-
A,'s to fatality."     But  socialism
8 » iH-ginning  of  International
■Htnent        r«  ■
It  is creating a   rcar-
'W*'*t  "the fatalities  of   war
V„ 'h>' c»I>*tall»t     regime   con-
Gradually French policy has been
directed towards alliances with free
peoples like Italy and England. This
was welcomed by the socialists as a
furl her guarantee of peace, ns n step
towards a union which would include all European nations. 11 may
huve been that the French government classes have been trying to
work the new alliances against Germany, lint the French socialists foresaw that danger, and he and his
friends have been urging France to
complete the understandings by one
with Germany. Bui Germany is not
altogether blameless about lhe Morocco affair, ll did not give France
warning of lhe importance of German interests in Morocco, or of its
feelings regarding the Anglo-French
He emphasized the fact that the
French socialists would not allow
Germany to disrupt the Angle*)
French understanding, "lf Germany
aspects of us, directly or indirect]\
a repudiation of the French-English
friendship we should be immovable.
The understanding between Prance
nnd England is a victory for civilisation and a guarantee for peace.
We socialists cling ull the more to
ihis understanding because it was
prepared by the Knglish and French
workers. On the morrow of the incidents which hud nearly set England awl France aguinst each other,
the delegates from the English trade
unions came to Paris to the Bourse
du Travail, to be the first to proclaim the necessity of a rnpprouch-
ment. . . We defend a fragment of
the international world of tho working-class."
France. Germany und England are
"necessary forces for,* civilization,
political and -parliamentary liberty,
religious liberty, democracy, science,
philosophy, socialism. What is the
victory of the human race of
yesterday, or victory of tomorrow,
that would not be threatened by the
bloody rivalry of these three |>oo-
 Working Class Igainai War	
While  in the act  of  addressing     a
large audience at  the southeast corner ot  Fourth  and  Washington Sts.
011  Saturday  evening,   tho  8th  inst.,
Thos.   Hums,   State  Secretary,     Socialist  party  of  Oregon,   was     commanded  in   the  name of  the  law    to
move on by a police sergeant accompanied by two police officers. The order    lo     "move on"      was met by
Burns with "Why should I move on,
this is a public   meeting,    quiet and
orderly, tho sidewalk is not blocked,
(and  to   this  1 cull  .vour  s'iccial  attention)     while  over   there,  pointing
to  the southeast    comer of Fourth
abd  Washington  streets, held  by four
religious   musicians,   nnd   Ihe    northeast  corner of  the same street,  held
by  u Ill-cent   showman  having a  pet-
rifled     Indian    on    exhibition,  both
these  sidewalks  completely  blocked ;
and   why  don't   you  order  them     to
move  on?"   to   which  the  police    replied,  "That's none of my business,
I  only    got     orders to   tell you   to
move on.     Are you going  to    move
"No, I am not."
Result—Name and address of the
speaker taken, exit police, meetings
continue, speech concluded amid deafening applause; papers and books
sold, other meetings announced ,
meeting adjourned.
Monday, l<»th inst., 0:lo p.m.,
Burns was arrested from his office in
Lhe Socialist headquarters, 30lJ Davis street,  but  on arrival at   the po-
for murder. 1 attempted murder, 2
seduction under age, etc., etc. All
these hud tobacco and cigarettes and
smoked openly, yet Hums was refused light and material to read, and
Uf a truth, my comrades, this Socialism is a-worrying your masters.
The night time of their life is at
hand, in jail, not being tongue tied
Burns talked and talked. Refused
the liberty to speak in the streets he
made up for it by talking from his
cell to us motely a collection of
men and boys whose mental, moral
physical condition and social standing, this rotten-to-the-core, brainless,
bowellcss. soulless and criminally
imbecile system of Capitalism is the
cause of, and responsible for.
Liberated 12 noon, 13th inst.,
Burns prepared, and when 8 p. m.
.struck, erected the Socialist platform in the same old place, and to
the edification of a large audience,
amid great applause, in an impassioned but very carefully worded
Speech, proceeded to denounce Wood-
aid and Clark, police, deputy city
attorney and police court judge—no
awes I. Comrades I^ena Morrow Lewis. Arthur Morrow Lewis and Hums
have spoken at the same place since,
and though we were ordered to move
ou, 1 which we didn't), no further arrests as yet have taken place.
The Socialists of Portland, Ore.,
and of the world, owe a debt of gratitude, which will never be forgotten
to Colonel 0. E. S. Wood, a self-
confessed, high toned Anarchist, who
lights our "free speech battle" free
of charge, his payment being—life's
only payment?- "love of humanity."
Courage my Comrades of Eos Angeles. Toledo, Seattle and Oakland,
do not falter nor Hindi, but march
onward, aye, ever onward, for persecution is "dying Capitalism's final bulwark," and it i.s only as strong
as tissue paper in a gale. We have
passed through the days of our
swaddling  infancy,  of our childhood.
lice station, wns released on his own and we a,e now in he stage ogi'
recognizance to appear for trial on ions irrepressible adolescence I
the following morning at 10 a.m.       I the  dawn of  the  C'S   nn
**<" Necessary To Progress.
jwolutlon. were necessary *ocial-
Wo"W not shrink from war, but
"i the  Europe of today, lt Is
moans of international    war
■•'•ik „f liberty and justll.(.
ronKS   . *VomP"**ed.     and     the
[lis,,       'h(> peon,e redressed.   So-
^ iiin,|(.r peace is certain; under
Nter° "'iffht haVe reVo,ution' but
•'evolution follows revolution
't by
ft Iho
to be
"' Europe is necessary to
Progress   to-day, and   peace
^      '"'many and France is noe-
01,1 ,h       1ht'     tWace of Europe."
"'is XIV °f Charl08 VIU*     ,0
un((,      ' an'1     on     to Napoleon,
' ,,)0' often    brutalized    and
'n'" to E,„.
v" (iff,. 	
Ihat r.'."! f*urol*. but in spite
Mai «•„, m"fim 8t,flod ,he oW
-Utat „ and was la® first to
has 1^'" n''w ,)ou"*B;eois egoism.
■gross Vr'agreat ,orcc °' human
is hut,. 8o ,ar M tl»e rela-
"^"a Germany    and Prance
After n very learned discussion on
the causes which led to the conflict
between France and Englnnd a century ago, in which he emphasizes th*
fact that it wns owing not only lo
economic and colonial COtnpOtrtion,
bui to "social and political con-
llicts;" France was defending ugainst
the old world its revolutionary liberty; Englnnd wns defending against
absolute democracy the political privileges of its governing classes." Today there i.s no social and political
conflict between the two countries.
And over all is the International
working class movement, tho conscience of which is against  war.
"This conscience wishes to keep all
its force, nil Its energy, to light
against sociul injustice, against misery, against ignorance, against the
oppression and exploitation pf capitalism. It wishes to absorb in Iho
great peace of social property, of
common property, the war of classes, nnd in the harmony Of socialist
production this capitalist anarchy,
which is today the most active principle, and, as it were, the ferment of
International wars, it ls the living1
force, and it wishes to create life—
a life higher nnd more joyous. It
does not want the human race to be
longer devoted to works of death.
That, cili/ens, is Ihe meaning of our
meeting today. . . In its patient
incessant work, the international
working clnss will be sustained by a
magnificent ideal oi revolution. At
Ihe end of its efforts it sees the en-,
tire  possession    of  political   power,
ruesday morning, when the case
wns called. Colonel' C. I'". S. Wood,
one of Oregon's leading lawyers, defended Burns, und in a very learned
nnd brilliant oration showed clearly
that thc arrest was apiece of gross
discrimination, brought on at the
Instigation of Woodard & Clark, u
firm whose drug store is near where
Minns was speaking. Woodard &
Clark, ns shown by Col. Wood, have
repeatedly blocked the main street
of Portland, (Washington Street,)
with living and automatic figures as
advertising mediums in their show
window; yet ihis firm had the audacity to cause the arrest of n So( ial-
list for speaking outside their store,
even though The sidewalk was not
blocked during his speech.
The legal ability of Col. Wood was
of no avail, for Burn« was sentenced
before he was tried; result of farcical trial, (fined S.YHO for refusing
to move on); "My Country 'Tis of
Burns decided, after consulting local comrades, to "pay no fine," and
went  to jail for 2J days.
The worst cell in the jail fell to
the lot-til—<-ha4—heinous-eyiinhial.  tlie
 ... our manhood i.s nearer than most of us imagine—aye much nearer. Jail or no
jail, persecution or no persecution,
with or without the respect of that
social Upas Tree, that body of Cri-
iiiinul Anarchists, the Citizens' Al-
liiiiKc, (who are at the bottom
this systemiaed effort to block
hoUe  Fr
choke Free Speech in Cnited States,
yes, by the shades of Homestead,
Coeur-d-Alono, Colorado and Chicago) Socialism, clear-cut, revolutionary and uncompromising, will continue to be taught by us in Portland.
yet  might  arise
Socialist agitator, But having been
sentenced often for same awful crime
in other countries, he was not sur-i
prised al this. Burns' companions
in jail were—4 sentenced opium
wrecks: awaiting trial or sentence,  1
This need  not   be
and ^^^^^^^^^^-___-_
Thut   gold   should   lose     its    power,
and thrones their glory;
That   love,  which none may bind,  be
free to fill
The world  like light,  and even faith
grown hoary
With    crime     be    quenched and  die.
Yon promontory
Even  now     eclipses     the    descending
llungiiuis     nnd     palaces  are  transitory—
High   temples   fnde   like   vapor—Man
Remains  whose  will  has  power when
nil   beside are gone.
Yours for  the  revolution,
X.   X.
The netVs comes that Mrs. Patter
Palmor, ol Chicago, has rented a fur
nished cabin somewhere in England,
of a fellow called the Duke of Abet-
corn, for the trilling sum of $15,000
|mt month, or year—wo do not kno\
which. As this does "not include
IKlnte and linen," it is to be presumed that the old woman will have
to either provide her own plate or
eat out of a trough. As far as linen
goes, she will have to buy her own
towels or go unwilled. The cabi
has 22 bedrooms and 10 sitting
rooms. The number of kitchens is
not stated. Although old man Palmer is a section hand on the railroad he draws the top wages, and is
steady, sober and industrious. The
trilling sum of $15,000 wlill bo but
a bagatelle to him.
O '
In view of the fact that the Lord
assisted old man Noah in establishing Hie first monopoly in transportation, we teel justified in declaring
these anti-monopoly howlers to boa
A row anion)? Ihe Harvester Trust
has uncovered the fact Ihat harvesters that retail to the farmer at
$!2.*> can be profitably sold nt $57,
according to the "Appeal to Reason." This causes thnt worthy sheet)
to remark that the difference between   these  sums   is   what   it    costs
the farmer on one  item for voting the
old  party  tickets.     And  some of  us
silly folk  thought   all  the  time  that
ii   was the wage-earners who    made
the harvesters thnt were getting the
worst of it. This Kansas jihiloso-
phy should, however, set us right
in  the mutter.
Marxian economics are essentially
the scientilic inundation of a democracy, loiinded as they are on the
basis ol labor being the source of all
wealth. Many huif-based reformats
who claim lo be Sociulist teachers
appear to have a great aversion 10
me teachings Of Aiarx and to democratic Socialism. Their opposition.
However, is ulwajs ollercd under
clous ol some specious reason, lor
to openly oppose democracy would
ou 10 rank us individualists and advocates of cluss domination, and
tins would be detrimental to covert
attacks  on  democratic   Socialism.
Vour aiiti-Mtirxiuii Socialist is never bold enough to openly avow that
ue does not believe in the accepted
1 Socialist principle of "Labor is the
source of all wealth. ' thut being an
issue on which lie is not prepared to
give battle, lie prefers to entrench
Himself behind some subsidiary theory of value, such us "rent,' which
lie thinks is sufficiently plausible to
aide his undemocratic prejudices, tn-
loiiunately there are too muny comrades who, while accepting the axiom that labor creates all wealth,
are willing to leave to others to argue such economic questions. The
consequence is, the half-baked Socialist or social reformer has many
opportunities of pushing forward an
autocratic and spurious form of Socialism.
Sow, it behooves every Social-Democratic who believes iu the equality of labor to be prepared to give
reasons in support ol his belief,
und he. should, therefore, at least,
become acquainted with the arguments of Marx as put forth in the
first, chapter of     Capital.''
There is 110 economist who so
dearly proves the truth of tho maxim thut "Labor is the source ol ull
wealth," and the substance of exchange-value, us Marx. Disprove
Marx's theory of value, show that
his analysis of value is incorrect,
and democratic Socialism has yet
10 seek for a master to prove the
foundations of all  its teachings.
The consideration of a simple comparison or relation we draw between
two things seems a trite matter, and
one would hardly think it would of-j
I'er any difficulty to the student of
fnir education, much less to doctors
of science. Vet it is round such a
simple thing that so much ignorance
and prejudice is displayed, and such
important issues are involved. Unhappily, one rarely seeks to dispel
his own prejudices, preferring rather
lo confirm them. Deop-scatod in tlie
emotions, prejudice suborns the intellect, and wounded vanity and self-
esteem to often prevent^the recognition of error. Were it not so, the
truth of Marx's theorem would be
recognized, for not one opponent has
yet taken his analysis of value, followed its dissection in detail, and
laid his linger on such nnd such a
clause of paragraph, and said, "It
is here where Marx goes wrong; it
is oil this clause where he draws a
wrong conclusion." Many have
sneered at his exposition, many have
pooh-poohod it, but none have met
it honestly and squarely to prove ft
That his opponents would confute
it if they could is evident from their
frequent attempts to rehabilitate
itility as the substance of value in
some form or other. But their ef-
forst have been futile. As Lavaleye
has confessed, Marx's opponents are
encaged behind the iron bars of his
logic,  much   to   their chagrin.
What are these elementary laws
underlying a simple comparison or
value relation in nn act of exchange
upon which Marx bases his whole
theory, and which virtually form the
keystone of his work and of Democratic Socialism? Merely that a
comparison implies measurement in a
single substance—not in two, nor in
three, as so-called economists, who
even lay claim to be versed in psychology, would have us believe by
their ready alternations from one
vol lie-substance to another.
When we compare volumes of sound
we do not do it in degrees of color ;
neither do we compare color in degrees of weight. We compare them
in     terms     of     the
a property which enables commodities to be compared? The essentials
of such a substance are that it
should be possessed by" the commodity and be capable of measurement.
Now, lubor is embodied in every
commodity ami is callable of measurement by time. Exchange, of
course, does not permit of direct absolute measurement, the time measurement being governed by the law
of competition, a sort of blind seesaw process which the market has to
accept in lieu of a more direct form
of measurement.
It should be noted that when the
market deals with quantities of commodities it only regards them as pos
sessors of a given quantity of labor.
The world of commodities represents
only the sum of human effort. Whether they arc the products of bootmakers or cotton spinners is a matter of indifference so long as they
possess the one substance which give
them value or brings them into relation.
When we measure two things by
their weight we do not take into
consideration whether they are potatoes or bales of cotton. To us it-
purely a question of weight. The
scales disregard the quality of tho
objects just as they disregard whether a man is d king or a peasant.
The same with commodities. When
we compare two articles it is not
on the basis that one is a sack of
potatoes and the other a bale of cotton; whether a commodity is the
product of labor of a navvy or a
skilled engineer does not enter into
the comparison, Both are labor,
both ure human encrgv—value concerning itself only with quantity of
value-creating substances—there it begins and ends.
This is the iron law of logic which
so disturbs unti-Mnrxists. So averse
are they to admit 1 ing the equality
of labor, drawn from the obvious
conclusion that a rjiiantitativc premise begets a quantitative conclusion, that they throw the laws of
logic and psy- hology to the winds
rather than accept. Marx's analysis
of value which imposes this quantitative law upon them.
If exchange-value permitted a qualitative distinction of labor, then
concerts of the superior order of experts in classic economy would speed
■ lv enlist in the ranks of Marxian
philosophy. Their so-called rent of
ability would triumph, and class distinctions of a somewhat different
type of today, though not less odious,  would prevail.
That the labor of one should bo
equal to the lubor of another isguit
to the liking of those who pride
1 hemselves on being the superior persons w-ho run society. They have
yet to show, however, that the so-
called higher forms of labor, to them
-o precious, nre more useful .than the
lower forms, classed as tho unskilled.*
If the builder told the navvy and
the laborer he would dispense with
their labor, that he would build his
house without excavating or laboring, we think he would have to re-
•onsider his opinion concerning the
utility of navvy labor before he even
commenced erecting his building.
Marxian economics are essentially
those Which will prevail under Social-Democracy. One labor is as useful to society as another. If
ciety determines that it shall
labor  product of a
the entire renovation of  lhe ' social *'1(''"t sacriligious bunch.
And now 11 big strike in on be-
betwoen tho telegrapherd and the
Northern Pacific nnd Great Northern
Railways, Once more is haughty und
arrogant capital lo be brought to
its knees in the dust nt the feet of
organized empty bellies. Thnt is if
(•i'.":i.>ii?i'(l ei.!>pt.v bellies have any |
feet which is doubtful in view of the
fact that they huve no heads, at least
with anything in them.
same snibstance.
commodities we must look for a giv-
'Ilius. when we come to exchange
en substance in both which will enable us to compare one commodity
with the other' We may select this
or that quality for the purpose of
our comparison, but, to be logical,
we,at least must choose one or the
other. We cannot muke it consist
of several substances just to suit
Ihe exigencies of our prejudices. The
laws which govern our faculties of
perception and reflection do not permit  of such fantasies.
Economists mostly rely on two
substances in which to measure ex-
dinnge-vnlue—labor and utility. Unfortunately for the advocates of ut-
ilitv as the substance of value, you
have to consume the commodity before you realize Its utility. Clothes
must bo worn before you know their
usefulness. Exchange-value,      how
ever, demands expression of value at
point of exchange. Utility is essentially siihjectiive, ns it depends on
the individual whether the thing is
of little or great use to h.m. Exchange value must be objective...
thai is, it must be present in the
article, exchange only expressing
what is there. Utility, therefore, is
at once relegated to. the class <if .impossible substances to express value.
All commodities are acknowledged to
be objects of labor   but is the latter
^^^^^^ have
^^^^^^^^^^^ particular character, tnen surely the only equity is
that the individual should have tho
same opportunity of enjoying the social comforts open to any other individual laborer in society.
To classify labor so' that different
rates or remuneration should bo
awarded is absurd, for a man who labors for 0 day, gives his life for a
day. Is not the life of each mem.
per of a community equal to that
of the other, or are all workers to
be treated as criminals ond socially
graded according to the caprice of
the idlers?
Under a rational system of co-operation society could produce sufficient wealth for all to live in luxury
To award one section of society
more wealth than another would be
ridiculous from the point of view of
personal consumption. The only reason for such nn act would be the dp-
sire of one section to economically
dominate over their fellows and render them servile. This would be degradation. Of course such a consummation is purely imaginary, the
evolution of society being opposed to
any such permanent distinction. No
class of men would subject them
selves to another when economically
free. Such an ignoble clnss might
exist for a short period during a
transition stage of individualism to
communism if the changes were so
ftidden that a large minority of the
people were too ignorant to' avail
themselves of their freedom; but this
is conjecture nnd very improbable.
That there are a class of self.electod
persons who nim nt thc establish,
ment of an undemocratic State in
which the lnbor of one shall not be
recognized ns equal to the labor of
another is evident, for the intellectual refuse who live on the borderland of Socialism and individualism
reveal the existence of such a class-
Their influence, however, is happily
destined to grow iu an inverse ratio
to the Towth of education, and we
note with satisfaction that tho
teachings of Marx are now more dominant than ever in all the Socialist
bodies the-world over; and bid fair
to grow stronger and stronger in
favor of democratic  Socialism.
f ■ :
■    1
'      I
t  1 m~
-*"» i   >■:
\ W
m   am.
\m* lM-Un
Fubllaheel every Saturday ia Jthe
literate of the Working Clause alone
at th* oMce of tha Weatern Clarion,
Black block basement, 166 Hastings
Vaacaavar, B. C.
in i»ini>ifi"faaiu"nr*■<"■•*
ttmamttOai yaMflopm, *e fc^.
Strictly ia Advance.
Yearly sasecrlpttoe' card*  fa  lota   ol
tva or aaore, 76 cut* each.
Adretmaaa rat** aa appMcatlan.
It joa  receive that pap*r It  ia paid
J fill— all oommualcatloo* to
Box 636,
Vancouver, B. C.
Watch the label on jour paper
If this number ,}■ on it, your
•ubacription expire* next issue.
Aug. 6, 1906.
The teamsters' Strike of Chicago,
according to the press reports, is
practically at an end. The Teamsters have made a brave and heroic
struggle, but they nave discovered
that they could not win the battle
by fighting alone..       Had the other
* craft and trade organizations ot Chicago struck with the Teamsters, had
organized labor as a whole recognized the class struggle, in other words
"had organized labor of Chicago been
united on industrial lines, realizing
that "an injury to one is an injury
to all," labor would have come out
of the conflict victorious.   The Chi-
X teamsters' strika furnishes an-
proof that unionism- under the
policy at craft and trad* autonomy,
ia an absolute failure.—Miners' Magazine.
The conditions confronting the
workingmen of Chicago, would not
have been altered in the least had
they all have been united into one
organization. The huge surplus of
labor in the market, and from which
all sorts of strike-breakers could be
recruited, would by no means have
vanished aad the result would, of
necessity, have been the same. Jus11
why any person should delude himself and others into believing that
unarmed and therefore defenseless
man, can over-ride the inexorable
laws of exchange, is a conundrum,
It is well within the power of understanding usually possessed by an
infant to realize that with a surplus of any particular commodity in
the market it becomes absolutely iur-
possible to maintain prices, 01*0 then
conditions relating to the sale of
such commodity. There is but one
" way out of such a difficulty and that
is a restriction of output,    ln   the
• case of the commodity labor power,
it 'is impossible to restrict the out-
* put, for the reason that every person outside of the class that lives b.
profit, must offer his labor power foj
sale in order to perpetuate his
istence.       Each such persons, then
fore,    becomes   a factory produciu,
the commodity    labor power, whic.
must be sold or the factory will col
lapse.    The number of workers
compared  with the number of job
incomes  the determining  factor     ii
fixing "the pries.    The labor   marke
of the world, (thanks to the high);
perfected machinery oj    wealth production) long since    became glutted
with the    commodity    labor power,
ana the trend of wages has been continually downward ever since,   and
must so coatinus    until capitalists'
production has "been brought to its
Like all other hoary old awparati*
uions, that of unionism dies hard,
but die it must before the field is
cleared lor the triumphant adrvance
of the class-conscious, the revolutionary hosts of labor. Altnough it
will require many a hard blow to
destroy that superstition, the duty
of the hour demands that the blows
be fearlessly and uncompromisingly
delivered. Loose statements, bombastic utterances, and dodging the facts
will not solve the labor problem. A
thorough knowledge of capitalist
production with its phenomena of
commodities, exchange values, labor
power and wages alone can point
the way. The sooner so-called labor
papers, and labor leaders acquire the
knowledge and develop the courage
to use It, the sooner will the hosts
of labor perceive the dawn of the
day of deliverance from the agony of
Too many bald statements and too
much blithering nonsense are indulged in by so-called labor papers, and
labor leaders, the result of which is
to confuse the rank and file of tae
workers, and prolong the days of
'their'misery in wage-bondage.
The teamsters of Chicago, wars
beaten because the conditions of the
labor market wera against them.
Out of' a chronically overstocked labor market it was an easy matter
for tha employers to recruit an ov-
er-whelmilag army of "strike breakers," as they are called, to taks the
place of the rebellious teamstersf
Out of the same overstocked labor
market it Was likewise an "easy mat.
' tar for the municipality to recruit an
ample force of policemen to protect
the right of capitalist property, to
take due advantage of the labor
market in the purchase of Its labor-power. A combination of all
the workers in Chicago, would have
doubtless created a condition which
would have been beyond the power
of the city authorities to handle.
This would have merely cailid '.ito
requisition the State, and eventually "the Federal power. The ii'.i'mate
result would of necessity have been
the same. Victory for capital, la
'the'shape of' a well-whipp«d r«iu*v of
iftavss applying for re^entrance to tha
j'shaaiMes at the wag* determined by
the condition of the labor, or slave-
It seems to be quite the prevailing
fashion in the United States, the
land peculiarly dedicated to Liberty,
at the present time to endeavor to
smother the rising aspirations of the
working class, as expressed in the
Socialist movement, by interference
upon the part of the authorities
with public meetings that are held
in the streets or public parks by the
Socialists. This impudent interference has been carried on to a considerable extent upon the Pacific
Coast of late from Seattle, Wash.,
to San Diego, Col. From the last
issue of the Toledo Socialist, it appears that similar interference is being Indulged in by the authorities of
that city. The Board of Public Service, which is merely the name of a
bunch of political grafters created
for the purpose of subserving the interests of property owners and earning their salaries by impudently
meddling with the affairs of any
movement that dares to question established property rights, has
decided that no political speaking
Shall be indulged in in the public
parks. The Toledo Socialists propose to ignore the ruling and hold
a pic-nic in what is known as Cen
tral Park, at which the chief feature will be public speaking by a
number of able comrades.
Government expresses itself the
same in a republic as in a monarchy.
It is the beast of fang and claw
wherever found. Its chief mission is
to protect and defend the interests
of economic rulers as against economic slaves. Its pretense of impartiality and fair dealin- between all
men whether rich or poor, and its
pretended reverence for liberty, are
bait shams and hypocrisies with
which it covers the fang and claw
that indicates the real purpose of
its existence. Whenever the economic
slaves of the United States or any
other country dare to mutter complaints against the brutalities of
their economic masters, the fang and
claw of repression will be brought
into action, and government show
itself in its true light of merely a
class instrument, to protect the interests of the ruling, as against the
ruled class.
If the slaves of the United State]
meekly submit to being deprived of
the privilege of expressing themselvejj
upon political and economic questions in the streets and public parks,
they may expect the prohibition t<!>
bo speedily extended to cover meeti-
ings hold in halls or private houses,
and they will not be disappointed ia
their expectations.
The ruling class will not relinquish its power without a struggle.
It will use every power at its command to hold its slaves in subjection. It will use those powers without mercy, without scruple and without conscience. With an equal absence of all these virtues must the
working class wage the war ol emancipation. Every privilege gained
or held by thc workers, can be gained or held only as a result of ceaseless struggle upon their part, and
wielding of sufficient power to effect
the purpose.
One thing the workers should remember is that they can only rest
secure in the enjoyment of liberty,
which implies the right to enjoy the
full fruits of their labor, when the
capitalist control of the powers of
government has been broken, and the
working class stands as its own political and economic master.
Let the good work of repression
continue. That will develop the
fighting spirit of the proletariat as
nothing else will.
nel in «mch shape, after ten hours
rushing work, amid dust, oil, and
noise, that neither I nor anybody
else under the same circumstances
can walk home, clean up, change
clothes, and eat supper in anything
less than ono and a half hours, and
hardly that. I must sleep eiRht
hours in order to recuperate and get
my nerves together sufficiently to
withstand another ten hours of the
same strain and rush. Now, this
makes altogether twenty-one and
three-quarter hours, and sdnce the
cycle is complete in twenty four
hours, it follows that I *iave every
day not more than two snd .1 quarter hours in which to associate v ith
my family, help my wife with some
of her work (as washing, etc. 1. read
the papers, shave, play the violin,
keep the lawn mowed and the garden in shape, do little repair jobs,
saw the wood, go to an occasional
meeting or shopping expedition or
visit, keep track of the inventions
and the general progress of my trade
so that I may not be forced 1 o take
a back seat, entertain an occasional
caller, etc. Don't you see that it
is impossible for me to do all these
things in two and a quarter hours
when the dust, heat, oil, gas, and
noise of the shop ha/ve got the best
of me while I was bending over my
work during the long day, and made
me unfit for anything but rest? Don't
you see that it is somewhat difficult
for me to do justice to that boy of
mine, when he comes to me and want
me to tell him something while I am
hurriedly glancing over the headings
of the paper in the evening? There
are always a number of small jobs
left over for Sunday, which is the
only time at home when I am not
tired and longing for rest. And
what a joy it is to be home, un tired,
chatting with my wife, and playiag
with the boy! The whole Sunday is
not long enough for a man to stay
home to work and rest and read, and
get acquainted with his family."
The above is from Collier's Weekly, and has evidently been written in
reply to the query, "Why the Working Man Does not Attend Church."
The machinist is not the poorest
paid laborer in the category. In fact,
as a rule, he receives wages considerably in excess of the average.
Still from the account this one gives
of his daily and weekly experience,
his life is little short of a continued
round of nerve-racking drudgery. If
the life of this workman, who belongs to the better paid portion of
the working class, is that which he
has so graphically pictured in the
above, what must be that of the
great mass of the poorest paid and
most cruelly sweated workers. One
needs but to live the life of the
wage-slave to realize that his existence is upon the average but little
short of one long, drawn out torture. It is to be fervently hoped
that the torture will end with the
grave, whether the poor devil finds
time to indulge in religious reflections while on earth ar not. If he
cannot rest while living he certainly
ought to be allowed to do so after
he is dead, in view of the fact that
capitalist property can get no further
profit *yut of him.
It is out of the horrors of wage-
slavery, and the joyless lives of its
victims, that is builded the tawdry
and vulgar civilization of today.
The joyless life of the wage-slave is
the price he pays for his loyalty to
capitalist property.
Headquarters. Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committne,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley.
Ernest Burns, C. Peters. Alf. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
multitude of things I Vancouver,  B.C. 	
th» speed with which tho implements
have been perfected and made more
Although individualism in wealth
production hns been dead for centuries, the great mass of thc people are still stupid enough to persist in trying to make themselves
believe it to be still in existence.
They still attempt to carry out its
provisions by engaging in an India-
criminate scramble with each other
for a living with n no higher sentiment as their slogan, than the "devil  take the hindmost."
It is nfact so patent as to bo notorious,  that  the   .
needful for human comfort, and thnt
are produced in such marvelous nb-
undnnce, nre produced, not by the
lnbor of individuals independent of
their fellows, but by and through
the mutual aid nnd collective effort
of all the workers bound together by
the complicated mechanisip of modern industry.
To talk of Individuality and independence in wealth production in the
face of the economic facts that stare
one in the fnce from every side of
the present, or capitalist system, is
as devoid of wisdom as the gibbering of an idiot. The individuality
alone that can express itself in relation to wealth production, is that
which establishes the tie of kinship
between the human hog and his
four-footed  prototype.
The only opportunity thai lnbor
need open to itsolf, is the opportunity of consuming the wealth it alone
creates; This can be effected only
by the workers, through the exercise
of their collective poiiticni power,
transforming capitalist property
into collective or community
property, to be used for the
purpose of supplying the members of the community with needful
things for use, and not for sale.
It would be a good idea for dullards either single tax or otherwise.
to refrain from making a noise until they have first acquired the rudiments of a knowledge of things relative to the growth ami development
of human society. By so doing they
would be able to avoid making common laughing stock of themselves.
They might make a start towards
acquiring needful knowledge by reading Mother Goose's melodies. Judging from their usual outpourings
that would bo quite heavy enough
for a starter.
Every Local of the Socialist
Partv of Canada should run a carl
under this bead. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
of 0. Business meetings every
Wednesday evening in the headquarters, Ingleside block (room 1,
second floor). 318 Cambie street.
Educational meetings every Sunday
evoning at. 8 o'clock ln the Sullivan
Hall, Cordova street. D. P.
Mills, secretary, Box 886, Vancouver. B.  C.
C. II. J. B. Har|>er, secretary.
Rock Ilav Hotel,  Victoria, B.  0.
Seigfried, secretary, P.O. box 20H,
Revelstoke,   B.   0.
"I work ten hours a day in a machine shop. Dressing In the morning
eating breakfast, farewells to wife
and baby, walking some distance to
the shop in good time to get ready
before the whistle blows, requires at
least one hour and a quarter. One
hour is consumed at noon going
home for dinner and back to work
If there be a muddlehead on earth
more pre-eminently muddleheadpd
than all others, the distinction must
assuredly fall to that always rare,
and now nearly extinct creation
known as the Single Taxer. One of
them writes in the "Public," of Chicago, over the name of J. H. Dil-
lard, which ought, by the way, to
be spelled "dullard," something we
presume was intended to be a sort
of criticism, or review of Jack London's book, "War of the Classes.
In the course of his wisdom, this
dullard is pleased to note that London, in his first chapter "clearly and
surely puts the blame of present conditions upon the closing of the gateway af independent opportunity."
Of course Mr. Dullard's panacea,
for present evils is to open once more
the door of "independent opportunity" to the individual by the inauguration of some silly-billy taxation
scheme. In this way, that individuality so dear to the heart of the
single taxer, is to be preserved. The
particular individuality the single
tax freak always Jjag in mind relates to the production of wealth.
He is always concerned in the opening up of opportunities for the individual to become an independent
wealth producer.
The individual, as a wealth producer, independent of his fellow, has
been so long extinct as to be far beyond the memory of tho oldest inhabitant. In fact he could only
have existed when mankind was ln
its infancy and human wants were
confined to the simplest amidmost
easily obtainable things. Every step
that has been made along the line
of economic development has been
made in the direction of destroying
that Individualism in wealth production and supplanting it with a production,  carried on "hy mutual    aid
usee a card under
Phoenix Trades1 and t^"""
Meets    every    ,|,„ abor Ceu
John  Riordan, Dfe 3
Brown, xke-^^ Efl
casse sergeant at,,rrn'. WP- H
bury, secretary-tre-Km    ."•*
108, Phoenix. B.cer'p0.|
Phoenix Miners'
W. F- M. Meets rvi.rv,-
cven.ng at 7.10 o'clocfclS
hall. Wm. BarnRtt „ ,n "*
*» * Bsrry^gJ*!
Nanaimo Miners' Unii
F. M
°n, No,
LOCAL NANAIMO. No. 8. Daniel
Livingstone, secretary, Box 452,
Nanaimo,  B.  it.
LOCAL VANANDA, No 22. Edward
Upton, secretary, Vananda, Texada
Island, B. C.
LOCAL TORONTO — Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, TemperancetllaU
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary.
41 Henry street, W. O. (Jribble,
organizer, 180 Hogarth Ave.
j. Edward Bibs. A. ('. Bxtpon-jack.
Gab. E McCrobum.
Hallway Block.    Tel. «J9.   i'.O. Box 932.
324 Hastisgs Street     -     ViacMvtr, S. C.
The late industrial "tempest in a
teapot," which raged so fiercely at
Chicago, has left in its wake an ominous calm that, hath a most depressing effect upon the bowels of the
bunch of would-be's who scented both
fame and fortune in the launching of
another "economic" sleight-of-hand
The way of the transgressor may
be hard, but so will be that of the
loud-mouthed nincompoops who fancy they can conjure tho cold logic
of economic fact, out of labor's pathway, by a lot of blithering noise and
school-boy monkey-shines.
In order to clearly demonstrate the
excellent qualities of the mine, they
were monkeying with seven Swedish
sailors engaged in mining practice
near Stockholm ran their boat full
tilt against it, and were blown to
smithereens. The mino was an excellent one.
my hands,    often my {ace, are    oil
ahd grease soaked, my whole person-
When I rfwt   work in    the   evening.   ""d c°-°Per*tfve «*ort.     The   speed
my. .hands of ton mv.teas, arm    ni:   w,,h    which this Individualism
been wiped out has been measured by
The Northern Pacific Railway shipped a nice Juicy cargo of Japanese
labor from Hawaii to Puget. Sound,
for the purpose of utilizing it on
various work along its lines, Some
enterprising cannery proprietor succeeded in stealing nbout 200 of the
Japs and put them to work in tho
canneries. Modern business enterprise is something commendable.
Down with tho wicked socialists,
who, with malice aforethought,
would interfere with it.
AH working men should follow the
advice of Tom Lawson in getting rid
of their stocks and bonds by selling
them to the "system" at inflated
prices. We hnve taken "time by tho
forelock" nnd unloaded ours already.
We now wait in joyous anticipation
of the time when the "system" on
bended knee, will beseech us to repurchase at our own figure. It, is
the easiest way to make money we
have ever discovered. It is even
better than working in a brewery.
Thanks;   Lawson.
city authorities will give our comrades 11 run for the talk they succeeded in putting up.
The wage of the workingman is the
price he receives for nis labor-power,
ns a commodity, it is. ns a rule,
the money expression ol the exchange*
value of the labor-power. The exchange value of one commodity as
compared to thnt of another, is determined by the relative amount of
social labor time necessary for their
production. If n pair of shoes and
n barrel of flour sell in the market
at $•*> each, thnt sum expresses the
fact thnt nn equal amount of social
labor time is required to produce the
one us the other. If demand for a given commodity be in excess of the
supply, the price will rise above the
true exchange value. If the Supply
be ir. excess of the demand it will
fall below it. Before demanding an
increased price for their commodity,
owners should closely observe the
condition ol the market as measured
by supply and demand. If the market be well slocked or over-stocked,
it is folly to attempt to force prices
upward. If the contrary be the case
prices will rise without forcing. Sellers of the commodity labor-power,
should make n note of these things,
nnd save trouble.
(By John Spollon.)
Though I plough the stubborn soil
And the wheat in plenty sow,
lf 1 rest a week from toil
Into debt for bread I go.
From the deep nnd dangerous pit
I  send up  Ihe fuel  fast,
While my brother workers   sit
Shivering in tho wintry blast.
I  weave the costly cloth
Thai   is worn  by  pninted hags,
While my wife and daughter both
Must be satisfied with rugs.
I  build  the mansion proud
Where the wealthy loafer   dwells,
While my family must crowd
Into rooms like prison cells.
1 build the school,  but carve
Scarce n slice of Learning's bread.
My children's minds must starve
That  their boifies may be fed,
On my uppers T must walk
To the shop where I make shoes,
Yet 1 hear the preachers talk
Of a soul  that I may lose;
And they tell me of a Ood
Who redresspn every wrong.
0. how long beneath this load
Must I bond, just (Jod, how long?
But blind justice has no ears,
And my plaint is wasted breath,
Tin , c0^ "■"*  wn,,t for years
till I find repose in death,
—The Comrade, February, 1»04.
meets every thi,j c'"'
idem; Jonathan IsherwoM i
Box 250, Nanaimo n ? '*'
ing  secretary.        ' ""
Tfcs Oldest Labor Piper n imm
Always a f.'„rl,Kssevi„„min":
Cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper trill
sent to any address h.r one ,„
Workingmen ofall countrwl
soon recognize the fact that id
must PUppott ami read their 1,2
papers. **
Iftsued every Friday.
Tbe Voice Publishing Co, l«d
Published  Weekly hy tin   I
Wiiliri Federalion 01 Nlitn
A  Vigorous Advocate of Lttw'i
Clear-Cut and Aggregate,
Per Year $1.00.       Six MontlM
Denver. Colorado.
Kurtz's Orvn
Kurtz's Pioneers
Spanish Blossoms
C. PETERS ,-;**'
Ha111IM.uk Boot! uml Shori In onlrm
all style*.   Kepaiiiuu iiri.iiibilyiii'l**
ly done.     Muck   ur rtapl*  iwdj-**]
Shuts alwajfi uu luual.
MSI Vfttnimltr Ave      Mint
155, Cordova Street
And   have   it  rejuvenated «'iili 1
life.   Old  lints Cleaned, '"«*»
Made  as  flood  as    New   by f
workmen and at moderate toft
Elijah Leant.
Single copies s cents. bc°r*
25 cents 15 copies S"rfl"' '
topic* jSt.OO     IOO c-«.|.irs ai»l ovn
2 cents per copy. „
These rales include pmW'»
nny part of Camilla or ll"'ln""
 Printed in the Office of-
The Western fl*]
165 Hnstingn Street
110x836 Voncon*r,*jI
Per year, fl.oo.   «« D«"lth,'!
cents.   Strictly I" »,,v""i;.f.:n!«f|
Bundles of 35<,r "'mt' '
The Western Clarion i»« JI
compromising advocate k(i
revolutionary aspim iloU*b0||tWf
working clnss   m «"' ,iuM»:
of capitalist properly
pletnent, the wage sy
Fully 'Mi Oakland, Cal., comrades
havo been arrested for street speaks
ing within the past few weeks, thero
being a city ordinance prohibiting
it. The first case which came up
for trial, that of Comrade Lilienthal
resulted in a disagreement of the jury, seven being for acimittal and
five for conviction. As there aro
nearly twenty more cases to be
tried it is safe to assume that   the'
United Hatters of North Amet
When you are buying a MR HA1 • •»   , ^u
th* (leniiin* Union Label 1» •**«<1 '" '   „trt   l»
h*» loo** l*b«l* In his [io»«w*lon *>"* a\,a
one In a hat lor you, do not p»tronl««     w ,
»aib*l* In retell  *tor*e are counterfeits    ^ |
Union Label I* perforated on four m*.  ^
■am* es a poetag* stamp.    CounterM"^ ^1
"   $t**» r
time* perforated on three edg*». •"*<l '"'""
on two.    John B. SUtson Qe„ ot 1
non-union cwooem.
JOHN A.  llOKFll"!',  Prwldent, OrenK*
. ■   « »ve'o
MARTIN   LAWLOR,   Secretary,   I1 w
New York.
J, MfPtlWMiKi
.. m
'k*%. *, a**.
The Struggle for Existence
i " R„   ATTfllTST meJHP.T T MI i   il    I  —ill
,lltln„ed From Last Week.)
,   ..... yrovides another with
ue ,U! Ittu'i-ials;   one depends upon
I'flW   II1U
consequently   one   must
depression    of     the
fler "'0"'| Vircle "of those atlected,
InW'. . ,je,omes wider and wid-
"* 1 nurobor of obligations under-
' ■ ,i„. hope tluU the previous
*"■ a wings might be of longer
•"■ , cannot be fulfilled; Urns
W »(«!« feeds itself and assumes
'  dimensions    froni month    to
fcfenorroous mass of stored up
fL implements and machines, be-
* uiett.N well worthless. The
.,,. gotten rid of at ruination
a ,l„. ruin does not touch only
['"uiulc producer, but a dozen who
I lw coiupolied by this reckless
Fl, to throw away goods undo.'
ttnrice.    Uuring the glut, the ir*
of production are being con-
,1, improved, us the only means
" "etlng the Heightened competi-
,i uml lnis u**uin becoln,-*s lhe
linn, ui fresh und more extensive
f is After the glut has lasted for
ami lhe over-production has
U gradually relieved by a nale ut
II coils, hi the limitation of pio-
Iniuii uud ihe unnihilution of    the
ull,-r    manufacturers,     society   be-
,s to slowly recover.    The demand
Icreawa ui  the same time. At i'tl,
iduallj' und ittiitiously,   but    vi'.h
i apparent permanence of the good
■iiii'n the old story     begins   anew,
leryone wishes to make good  what
has lost und ho|ies  to save    hini-
lli before u fresh crisis  breaks out.
Jul us ull producers ure uupdl-id |,y
|e name desire,  and jach   imj i ove»
means of production ,n omKi   to
Jitter compete with  the others,   the
itastropho   is   conjured   up    again,
rapidly  thun  before and   nitfe
destructive    results.     Xuiubeiv
L* existences come up like   tabbies
M  burst,     und     this    constantly
panging   play iircsents the   terrible
■(.■ture which  we   witness  in     every
Ilut.    And   these gluts  become   more
iiiueious, us we have already   said,
proportion to the increase of proj-
mon en masse, und to the incieas-
jig violence of the competitive i-tiiiK>-
raging not only  between indivi-
Buala bul between entire nations.   The
glit (joth lor customers on a   small
and lor empire in the markets
Uie world,  is constantly   growing
fcoie bitter,    und    involves ciguntic
uses.    And  while enormous   ipiuu-
fcties   ui    wares und    material  me
lund up, the great moss of hiiinun-
-uifers hunger und want.
J One can hardly    'imagine a    more
■mil   condemnation     of this sociul
bndition limn  the  remark made  b.v
tiost   men ol business during    such
enoils.    "We  have   too   many   competitors, Im If of  them must  be ruin-
Jil, if the others are to exist."     In
Wirakiiig  I hus,   each   one   takes     for
prmiifil, as a good Christian citizen
ihoulrt,  thut   his  competitor   will    be
Dined uml  he  himself   rescued.      The
4uue    cynicism    is contained in the
Jeriuus assurance  of  the  newspapers
I'm' for instance      in  the  lCurojieun
lullun industry,   (here  are at     least
lfteerj     million    spindles too many,
>Dd lliut    those  must  be destroyed.
And the sume |sople tell us thut our
"in nnd  coal   works  are  twice     as
■umerous as they ought to foo, to insure a lucrative business.    According
|u tliese doctrines then,  we have too
piuih trade, too many producers, loo
lud menus of production,  and    too
u.v wares, und yet all complain of
rant.    Is it not apparent that   our
racial organization  suiters from  ser-
lua Infirmities?     How can there  be
question of over-production    when
»"e is no lack of consuming |K>wer,
operly    so-called,     i.   e., of needs,
'early it js not the production     it-
*n but the form in which we   pro-
nnd still  more  the manner    in
"mich we distribute     the    products
"huh causes this vicious and contra-
P'ctory state of affairs.
give expressions to this recognition
conformably to their social siundurd
oi enjoyment, uui society hus be-
COUie much more aristocratic under
the grow lb oi its wealth thun it uus
ui any lonnci period, Iho gull between the riches! and thu poorest is
greater today liiun ever before while
on the other hand society has become much more democratic in its
ideas and laws. Uut the mass do-
iiiumis greater equality, nut only m
the theory but in the    practice, and
in   its   ignorance   It   seeks   to    attain
this equality in imitation of the upper classes, in procuring every enjoyment within its reach. A thousand
artificial stimulants are provided ior
the purpose of turning this impulse
to account, and the consequences are
apparent everywhere.
'ihe gratification of a natural instinct, perfectly justifiable in itself,
leads in numerous cases to trouble
and crime, und ruling society intervenes in Us own way, because it is
nimble to do mi in a more reasonable
way without undermining its own
present existence.
The daily increasing number of
middlemen has other evils in its
train. Although this numerous class
as u rule leads an extremely hard
and overworked life, it is, nevertheless, throughout all its ranks a (lass
of parasites, whose activity is unproductive und which lives from the
products of others' labor, just as
much  ns  the capitalist   cluss does.
As an inevitable consequence, articles of clothing and of food rise in
price to uu altogether disproportionate extent, till they often cost the
purchaser twice or three times as
much as the producer received for
them. And when it Is not advisable or possible to raise the prices
materially, depreciation and adulteration of the necessaries of life, fulse
measures und weight, ure the means
of muking the prolits that cannot be
had in any other way. Thus have
swindle und fraud become an inevitable social inst ilut ion und certain
state regulations, such as high Indirect taxes and finance taxes are tho
immediate means of promoting them.
NO law against tho adulteration of
food will be of much avail. In the
first place stringent measures only
force the adulterators to employ
more cunning In their methods; und
in the second, a thorough uud strict
inspection cuniiot le' expected under
present conditions. .More respectable and influential circles of our ruling classes have their Interests engaged in the system of deception.
Accordingly, every really serious control is rendered illusory by the objection that it could only bo done
by an extensive and expensive executive apparatus under which legitimate business would suffer us much as
Ihat of the adulterators. And whenever such laws or measures of control arc really brought to bear, the
result   will   be   u   considerable   rise   in
the price of unadulterated goods, because only adulteration made the
lower price possible.
The ro-operative companies are  of
very little use, their business iiiuna-
getnoni is generally deficient and
they do not touch those who ure
most in need of help—the working
class, 'ihe so-called housewives' us
sociul ion for obtaining unadulterated and cheaper goods n.v purchasing
on a large scale have il.o ram?, tendency. They nre merely a sympton
of thc recognition thai is gaining
ground among large clusses of women, thut the intervention of the
tradesmen, 'and I might mid trade
altogether), is useless nnd injurious.
It is certain that the best form of
society would be one in which the
products reached the consumers in
iu direct u manner as possible. The
next step would be. not only to purchase the goods in common, but also
to prepare them on u huge scale for
a  common   table.
dm tion. It ia only for the sake of
this profit that the property owning
class owns these menns of production
As a consequence we hu\e shoddy
and adulterated goods produced. Also, us this profit is simply the difference between the value of tho
work which the working people do
and the amount they receive in wages, the actual producers never ro-
ceive the equivalent of what they
produce, and therefore, are never
able to buy it back again. ?t happens, therefore, that, us the machinery of production increases and tho
workmen are able to turn out more
goods, they are thrown out of work,
and they, with their wives und children, are in want and misery, not
because there is any scarcity of tlie
things they need, but because there
is more of them than those who havu
produced them can buy.
Under the present system, therefore, the very increase of wealth is
too often a curse to the wealth producers, simply because those who
produce have no ownership iu the
means of production, und no control
over the things produced,
Under Socialism, us the means of
production      would     belong    to    the
Whole   people,    the   whole   people  WOllld
constant class war which must go on
until iho workers becomo possessed
of political power, and use that power to become masters of the whole
material means of production. When
that has been achieved, the war of
classes will be nt an end, because the
division of mankind into classes will
have disappeared, the emancipation
of the working class will have been
accomplished, and Socialism will be
hero.—Socialist   1'arlv   of   Manitoba.
nnd Guatemala the Antipodes
Of Literary Rights.
Literary copyright in Turkey is a
queer thing, lt lasts only 4 years,
and cannot be claimed for any work
containing lass than 800 pages.
"Great Britain,"- suys the London
Author, "alone enjoys a complicated
met hod of calculating the duration.,
of copyright, bused upon alternatives, and capable of vying in inconvenience with her 'weights and measures.' " Franc?, Germany nnd
Spain, are by far more liberal In
the protection accorded intellectual
work; Spain, the mast liberal os all.
And Guatemala sets the whole world
un example of equity in her enactment. "The right of literary pro-
perty is not time-bound; on thc
death of its author,  it passes to his
-   Out   2/ictoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
j. 8 and 7 STORE 5THB6T
Tttephoae 198 VICT8B1*. I. C.
and Poultry Food to obtain
best  results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
COMRADES, strike at   tha  ballot
box  on   l'.'lcction day,  and  b* *ure
to strike tha
Rock Bay Hotel
When  la  Victoria.
NIELS HANSON., Proprietor;
Colonial Bakery
29  Johnson  St.,  Victoria.  D.O.
heirs." It is said to reflect that
have control of the things produced. I'niore prominent States have not yet
[■'very  increase of  wealth  then would
Ix'tkfit the whole ((immunity. Under
the present system increased wealth
means increased luxury for the few,
and increased penury and suffering
for the many. In a Socialist community increased production would
mean more leisure, more wealth,
more means of enjoying life, more
opportunities for recreation for everybody.
By the discoveries of science, the
inventions of genius, the application
of genius, the application of industry, man has acquired such power
over nature that he can now produce wealth of all kinds as plentifully ns water. There is no sound reason why poverty and want should exJ
ist anywhere on this earth. All thnt.
is necdod is to establish a more equitable method of distributing tho
wealth already produced in such profusion. That is whut Socialism proposes to do. The work of production is organized, socialized; it is
necessary   to socialize distribution as
What is to be done to supplant the
present system of Socialism; to substitute fraternal co-operation for the
cut-throat campaign of today? The
first thing necessary is to organize
the workers into n class-conscious
party; thai is a party recognizing
that ns a clnss the workers are enslaved through the possession of the
means of production by unot her class
recognizing, too. that between these
two clusses there is an antagonism
of  interest,   a   perpetual  struggle,     a
discovered that the lnbor of a man's
brain is entitled at least to rank as
high as the labor of his hands.
Mounting r.nrsc Game Ilraifa n   Specialty
Taxidermist and Furdresser
826 Pender St. Opp. People's Thatrt
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We solicit tlie business of Manufacturcis,
Engineers ami others who realize the advisability Of having their Patent business transacted
j by Ivxnerts. 1'rclimiuary.idvice free. Charges
moderate.   Our Inventor'* Adviser sent uixm
i request Marioo&SIarion.NewVorkllfeBuig,
I Ifoalrcfil; (inJ W liin.;toii, U.C, t'.ti.A.
I ,	
Delivered to any  part ot the cltjr.
Driver   to   call.     Thon*   840.
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Nrf »♦»»»♦»»♦»»»«♦»»♦♦
mamawmmmw^mt ma     m*
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ACCOUNTING. $.r>0 to $100 per
month salary assured onr graduates
under bond. Yon don't pay us until
you have a position. Largest system of telegraph schools in America.
Endorsed by all railway officials,
OPERATORS ALWAYS l.V DEMAND. Ladies also admitted. Write
for catalogue. Morse School of Telegraphy, Cincinattl, 0., Buffalo, N.
Y., Atlanta, Ga., La Crosse, Wis.,
Texarkana, Tex., San Francisco Cal.
The only Labor Paper in Canada that advocates the abolition of the wage system and the
euding of Labor's exploitation. It is open
and- fearless in its advocacy of Labor's cause.
by buying thta
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine,
National Sewing Machine Co.,
In human society all individuals
jure hound together hy a thousand
pi>, which become the more numer-
in proportion to the higher state
■nl 'ivilizution which a nation at-
faiiis. When a disturbance occurs it
■makes itM.-|f nt at once by all niein-
lj»,*'i> ol the community. Distur-
Inaiiei-s in the present form of pro-
fjuction re-act on distribution and
I'oiiMiinptjon and Vice versa. The
pharacterlfltic „f modern production,
lis its tendency to become concentrat-
|M in fewer and fewer hands und in in-
■creasingly large productive estabilsh-
IiiK'iiis. In distribution nn apparent-
I1' opposite tendency seems training
iFoiimi. The same man who is era-s-
I*1 'rum the list of Independent pio-
I'luceri by annihilating competition,
I makes desperate efforts'in nine cases
lout „t ,,.,, (0 e(J({e hlmsV.if in as    a
rader between producer and conmim-
•*■( and thus gain a scantv subsistence.
Hem,, the remarkable fact of the
'•""'moils increase of middlemen who
™'business on a small—often on the.
■"'"lest scalo—of the tradesmen, lit-
,' , """P-keepers, hucksters, dealers,
"fokers, agents, publicans, gin-house
"wpers, etc. Th„ majority of these
tin IS amonK whom is a large con-
K1'1*" of women as Independent
rhetors of shops, leads an anx-
thpr, nni1     miserable life,  in  which
iiv " iir "lort! appearance than real-
l ■    Many, j„ order to PX|8t at an,
, « ''oinpelled to speculate on the
furii ,>f h,,ma»> passions, and to
finer them by all  the means     in
llleir iu>u.„.      ,w     .        ., ,
'"■ P0W
(l|            jjuni'e,  too, tho spread
esatuii UnB ".VStein of advertising,
n'liw.' K *" a" 'how branches, thc
J'' of which Is the gratification
•ansual appetites,
sir,. tmni,t ■*' rtw,le<l that the de-
ileeniv! "froa,°** enjoyment In life Is
an.  ,.    m,"ant'"'l In modern society,
vie* ?fci M ,rom a h,Kher P°1nt °'
ed i'n H tfln(lfncy is only calculat-
io awaken satisfaction. People
h*itn*V>Bk , * to comprehend that a
ceni'ic"      -K has * da'"" l" the de-
Socialism  is  a  theory of a  system
of human society bused on the   common ownership of the menns of production nnd the carrying on of  industry for the benefit of all.    In other
words       Socialism      means      thai
the land, and railways, tho shipping,
Iho mines,  the factories, nnd all  such
things n« nre necessary for tho  protraction of the necessaries nnd   comforts of life,  should  lie public     property,  just   as our  roods,  our public
parks,  nnd our public libraries   am
public property    today, so Hint   all
these  ihincrs  should be used by   Iho
whole   people   lo   produce   (he    goods
that   the  whole of  the people require
Socialists sny thai  this is no Utopian dream,   I'Ul   the necessary  natural outcome  of  the     development of
society.       H    used to l»' supposed
that anything like the collective carrying on  of any enterprise was   Impossible because it wns thought thai
the personal  supervision nnd control
of  the     owner   wns  absolutely  necOS-
Bnry  to  tho success of any such     enterprise.        Hnl   we  see     (oday.   that
ihe greatest undertakings are   those
which are owned by joint slock companies,   in  which  the personal  supervision of the proprietors is quite impossible, and In which the whole business is managed and carried on by
paid officials,  who might Just ns well
be paid by lhe community to carry
on the enterprise In tho interest    of
tho general  body of the people as lie
paid by a few wealthy men to carry
it on for their profit.
Today goods are not produced to
satisfy 'human needs; they aro slmp'y
produced   Io   provide  profit  for    the
Printing That is RIGHT
OUR .TOP PRINTING Department has been recently added
to by tho purchaso of a new
.lob Press and other material. Our
Job Department ls now turning out
the best job. commercial and other
classes of printing. If you have anything i" the wuy of Billheads, Lotter-
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Box 836
Vancouver, B. C.
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
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Hooks, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly and
correctly,   send  it  here.
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mail. Prices the same as for work
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••n    HM    u.    (Illllll    IO    Hie UK-     ■ -., ,„„_„ ,,r    11111-
and Comforts ol life and they class which  owns |he means of pio
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
in conventi >n a rembled, affirm otr
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog;an-, of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present cc-ik mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to'
the capitalist class. The capitalist is
master; the worker is slave.
So long as the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
Tbe interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by die
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in •
struggle for possession of the powei
of government—the capitalist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the class struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker*
to organize under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public powers
for the purpose of setting up and enforcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follows:
1. The transformation, as rapidly
as possible, <t capitalist property in
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, mills, railways, etc.,) into "the collective property of the wdrking class.
a. Thorough and democratic organization and management of industry by the workers.
3. The establishment, as speedily
a. possible, of production for use instead of production for profit.
The Socialist Party, when in office,
shall always and everywhere until the
present system is abolished, make the
answer to this question its guiding
rule of conduct:. Will this legislation
advance rhe interests of the working
class and aid the workers in their class
straggle against capitalism? If it will
the Socialist Party is for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it.
In accordance with this principle the
Socialist Party pledges hse|f to, conduct all ti ie public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner as to promote the interests of the working class
(SI thel
J'     1.0
the undersigned, hereby apply for membership in	
ocal Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to be a struggle for politics! spremacy, i. e. possession of the rein* of
government, and which necessitate* the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all parties of thc capitalist class.
If admitted to membership I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and tlie program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age        Citizen	
Admitted to Local 19	
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Mail orders promptly attended to
Indianapolis, Ind.,  July 18,  1905.
R. P. Pettipiece, Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir :—
Your letter ol July IS is before me.
In response, permit me to say that
I have followed your advice, and
therefore And myself obliged to kill
all of your copy for the August Jour
juU. You are the only Canadian
correspondent to complain of the
blue pencil. The Journal is not, nor
ia the International Union, on record
as endorsing any political party, socialistic, labor or otherwise. The
discussion of socialism haa been permitted in the past, but the eight-
hour campaign is now occupying the
attention of our membership, and
everything else is subordinated to
it. I will be glad to have you contribute an article on this subject.
Trusting  that you  will appreciate
my position    in    this matter, I   re-
myfmaaat^fmm^CBtWeSi VJ[ ,r,"? tSSS
Fraternally yours,
■   •   •
Vancouver, B.C., Aug. 1,  1905.
J. W. Bramwood, Indianapolis.
Dear Bro.—Re yours of 18fch ult.,
with reference to my "correspondence" of July 12th:
The fact tha* I am the "only" on*
to complain of the blue pencil proves
nothing. However, I understand the
' Our union, like all others ("industrials," etc.), is a commodity movement, selling, when a member can locate a buyer, labor power at such
prices, etc., as the labor market will
allow or warrant. If we can keep
our commodity scarce, the price,
(wages) will rise; but when there are
more men than there are jobs, the
necessities of the jobless will compel
them to underbid, lf necessary, those
who have masters—jobs.
The workers of this country by the
election of law-makers, have given
that class in human society which
lives by profit, the legal right to
OWN their (the workers') means of
But after having done this, some
of the workers still desire to have a
say in something they do not own.
Hence, trade union movements of
one sort and another—movements
which do not or cannot reach beyond
the wage system.
Like their chattel-slave predecessors
its members only desire a "good"
master—one who discriminates in
their favor in the purchase of commodities—in this case labor-power.
You suggest a contribution bearing
upon the eight.hour day since "everything else is subordinated to it."
I am interested in tbe eight-hour
day, aye, the four-hour day— for every worker on top of this planet.
The trades-union will not, because
it cannot, give it to them.
' But Socialism will.
And because I desire to point this
out, it is "politics," and, of course,
no member of our union indulges in
anything of the sort, nor could the
I. T. U. Executive allow the publication of anything which might assist in exploding the "politics" of
the ruling class, with its flunkeys—
consciously or otherwise—in the unions, press, pulpit and colleges.
The capitalists    are well  satisfied
with the wage-system.
It's better and cheaper for them
than chattel or other previous forms
of slavery. So much more convenient to own men's jobs than their
bodies. Costs less, therefore mora
profitable. But to ensure the best
results—for the owners of the jobs
—the overstocked condition of the
labor market must be taken full advantage of.
There must be "free competition"
among the workers.
"It's called the "open shop."
Some of the    "union"    men who
have had all the "jobs" for the past
40 years, seem to think they    own
them, and that their "boss" should
not exercise the legal right to control that which he owns.
But this world do move.
Things are changing.
This is the machine age.
The machine Is talking.
The machine "school" is now in
The "skilled" worker is being eliminated.
The edict of capitalist property has;
gone forth!
Two hundred thousand mechanics
to be brought to America from the
glutted labor markets of Europe!
Learn the linotype; big money;
more schools!
Systemire, Postumize, organize and
simplify the production of printed
And yet in the face of these ever-
changing conditions; rapid machine
development; and tha absolute   ear-',
tajn/y ol an overstocked labor mar'
"oat, (printers, operators, etc) at no
distant date and consequently no
more "victories," "everything else
is subordinated" to the "eight-hour
Yes, brother, I appreciate your position in  this matter.
The trades-union movement has
outlived its usefulness, if it ever had
any, from an all-thr-workcrs stand-
It has not won a "victory"  in the
last five years.
It will win less in the next Ave.
It does not guarantee a man a job
though affording a certain degree o||
protection to those fortunate enough
to have one.
It comprises only about one-tenth
of the working-class. It does not
recognize that every man, woman
and child has a Mature-given 'rigf.ij
to live; that the human needs of one
are as great as the human needs of
another, and therefore, all should receive thc smile recompense us far as
material needs ure concerned,
It is  not  an  emancipating   movement but  a traders'   movement;  pcd*|
dlers of labor-power.
For these and other reasons would
it not be well for us to make some
preparation lor the future?
What other solution is there but
the collective ownership of tiie
things we collectively use: production for use, in lieu of profit—Socialism?
Then why not discuss it?
25  Tenth  Ave.,   Vancouver.
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the amount and express charges, and Watch and Chain are yours. If
you wish to save paying the express Charges send in the full amount, and
we will forward to you Watch and Chuin by mall, nil charges prepaid.
If you order C.O.D. a deposit of 50 Is required as a matter of good
faith, which amount will be deducted from your bill. Order nt once as
this offer may not appear again.    When writing mention this paper.
C.  WAGNER &  Co., 163 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, B. C.
The recent action of  the Pope   in
further defining the  attitude ol*   the
Roman  Catholic Church toward   the
Socialist    movement,     in    which he
warsn the members of his organization against the doctrines of Social'
ism  and   threatens   excommunication
in  the case  of disobedience,  is   significant as pointing to the form tbe
struggle  will probably  take in     the
final  death  grapple   between capitalism and Socialism,     ln Italy,  where
the church formerly kept oat of politics,   the  priests  are  authorized     to
take an active part.     Jn Germany,
as in Belgium and     other European
countries,    the    tendency is strongly
in the direction of tho ansorption of
all the churches, Protestant and Catholic,  into  the clerical  party  whose
policy is becoming    more aggressive
year by year.     Next to the Socialist
Party,  the German clerical party  is
growing more     rapidly      than any
otho   party in Germany.     There    is
every  reason  to  believe   that     when
the struggle narrows down  to     two
parties,  the latter will be the Clericals  and   Socialists.       lt is alomst
safe to predict    that     the capitalist
class of Germany will hide under the
black cowl of  the priesthood     when
pretty much of every other   country
every   other    recourse  is    exhausted.
What is true     in     Germany is true
in Europe and will     rapidly become
true in America.     With  Catholicism
as the champion and defender of the
capitalist system in North and South;
America     and Western Europe,    and
some duplicate of  Catholicism fighting for  the  established  order     elsewhere, we wiU     behold the   interesting    spectacle of the Black International     and     the  Ited International
locked in  a world-wide  grapple.    Inevitably  Socialism  begins far   down
among the social outcasts and struggles upward, ever upward,  to higher
planes of development.     It begins in
the, mud of the street with its    cry
for bread, works its way up to where
the brain is chained to' the   wheels of
commerce, where it cries for liberty,
and onward to the very portals   of
the     church,     where it cries for the
spiritual     life the    churches cannot
give.   . Unable to justify its hold   on
the bread of the race, capitalism affects  to become the defender of   individual    liberty;     driven from   this
point, 'it pretends to become the preserver of the     spiritual life o7    the
race;  dislodged,  at last,   from     this
point,  it dies an ignominious death.
—Murray E.   King,  in  Chicago    So-
The working-man today has no
choice—if he docs not take tho condition of employment, tho employer or
his agent shrugs his shoulders and
informs him that there are plenty of
men willing to do the job. Pressing
necessity and thc cry of the little
ones nt home decide the day, and for
the bread necessary to sustain life
men will face risks whieh the slave-
master wodld never have permitted
his slave to take.
I stood at the mouth of a coal
mine in Missouri several years ago,
and 1 saw cageful after cageful of
blackened corpses brought to the
surface; to this day the wails of anguish from wife and children as the
body of tho loved one was discovered, rings in my ears, and I wondered why men would take such risks.
1 was young then—I know better
now. 1 can understand why, the
day after the wreckage of the explosion had been cleared away, men
took their lives in their hands and
faced the unseen dangers of black-
damp, falling slate and gas. THEY
HAD TO LIVE. And then I learned that a few thousand dollars spent
in measures of safety would have
prevented this sacrifice of human
life—that the law required this to
be done. Hut over against the law,
against the lives of these men,
against the tears of the widows and
the fatherless, was balanced the dividends of the stock.holders of the
mining corporations.
They lived in New York and London, and could not be expected to
know tho local situation— they demanded profits and dividends of their
superintendent. The superintendent
knew he had to prodnce dividends
or hand in his resignation, and to
have done that meant that he, too,
must face death in the darkness of
the mine. And so the law was violated and the safety appliances were
not installed • • • • These capitalists are murderers—but yet there
is no law to punish them.
—From Freeman or Slave. By Fred.
D. Warren.
The  Chicago  teamsters have   been
"compelled to unconditionally sun-en
der to  tho employers.     This!  in  it
self would be bearable if. the tyranny
of ihe employers were satisfied w.iiH
that,   but,   sad   to   relate,   it  baslnnS1
curried so fur beyond it  that   the tyranny  ol   the  Itussiun  Czar lool>,s IiKo
a  cheap  imitation   thirty  cent   iilinir
in  comparison,     The   whipped   strikers,   these     sovereign   American    citizens,   "may  be  reemployed  if     they
contract  not    to even so much    as
went     >i union button,"    The    Chicago Sociulist says; —We huve   often
been  told of the tyranny of trade unions   when   they  have   been  able     to
force employers to comply with their
conditions.    But we have novel* heard)
of  any   union      ever     approximating
making so despotic  a demand on an
employers  association  as   to  compel
them  to cense  to  exhibit  their     business  emblems."        Such  despotism,
Much  damnable    tyranny,   is  almost
unconceivable to us free  Canadians,
Hut  all   the      same,     we extend    our
heartfelt     sympathy to our Buffering
Chicago  brethren,   who  are  thus   deprived   of   their   most   cherished    liberties by  the ruthless hand of brutal
tyranny,  und  we urge  upon them  to
bid bold defiance to the despotic will
of the employers by getting a pants
button  and  wearing   it  instead.      In
the   light   of   their   recent   experience,
it will  do just  as well,  or even better.
Some papers nre making a great
l'uss because Chauncey Depew, the
"Honorable" Chauncey, made $20,-
000 or so out of the Equitable Insurance scheme. Some are unkind
enough to assert that the good
Chauncey swindled "the people" out
of $20,000. What do these silly
folk think these insurance schemes
are gotten up for anywaj if not to
enable the promoters and manipulators to turn nn honest penny or two,
silly geezers who howl about
"honorable" senators and other first
citizens [licking up a few simoleons
by their thrift and industry, ought
to be muzzled.
$25, $22, $20, $18
SUITS for...
Also any  pair
of Pants for..
J. DANAHER & CO. ^i"*
Samples and blank measurements sent on application.
As a personal horn-blower, Sammy
Gompers, has long held the championship, and his organ. The Federationist, has afforded an excellent
medium through which to blow. As
the personal instrument through
which to loudly toot his most' excellent virtues, the New York people
affords the ubiquitous De laon the
means of giving the doughty Samuel
a hard run for first place in the procession of horn-blowers, .lust now
it seems to be neck and neck between them. They are modest gents,
both of them. Altogether too modest, to be vulgar.
Because John D. Rockefeller was
observed to sit for hours ar his homo
at Forest Hill, with his chin sunk
upon his breast, and again to walk
under the trees of his estate alone
and  in evident gloom,  it was     sur.
mised that  the pious man  was   suf 	
fering deep    humiliation     and heart j ■■■- «■   ■«*—   ""< v***™*" w-t
burning because of the revelations of | limb of factory work.   Are the
Lawson and the adverse comment
Heaped upon him by the public press.
What the good man was really think- ,
ing about, however, wns mode plain*)
a few days later when the "Standard" put the independent linseed
oil plants of Buffalo, N.Y., out of
Judge  Gaynor,   of New York,  hah
the temerity one day last month  to
tell  the    jury that when little boys
lost  their  fingers in  factories    these
fingers  had  to  be paid for.     Particularly so, the judge declared, if these
little boys were under age and   employed in direct violation of the law.
It  is true  it  was only a labor    law,
which had    been violated,  but     thc
judge  thought  that In  his court,   at
any rate, labor laws would no longer bo twisted,  shaved, pared, pruned
whittled of contorted to suit the con-v
venience of any employer, no matter
how powerful  or influential  that employer might be.     The law had be™
violated,     the judge told    the   jury,
and all  that they had to do was to
merely    assess   the amount of damages.
The ease wns that of Robert E.
Lee, thirteen years of age, who,
through his guardian, sued the Sterling Silk Manufactiriing Company to
recover damages for the loss of a
finger through machinery at which
he was employed.
The case was tried before Justice
Gaynor and a jury, and the court
directed that a verdict for the boy
be brought in. The jury awarded
him $2,000. On the trial it was
ruled by Custice Gaynor that the
employment of a boy by the defendant in its factory made it liable for
the injury.
In an appeal for anew trfal, which
the Justice decided, he said; "The
statute establishes, says our highest
court, that children under fourteen
are not mentally fit, do 'not possess
thc judgement, discretion, care and
caution,' to be suffered to assume the
risk or incur the dangers to life and
The present disturbed state of Europe hns provoked considerable discussion in the ranks of the organized
Socialists of the continent as to the
position which they would occupy in
the event of hostilities. A French
comrade, Herve, has taken the
ground that it is contrary to the
policy of Socialists to support a
bourgeois country even in the event
of its being invaded—an attitude
which has aroused a somewhat bitter debate among the French comrades and has brought about some
severe criticism. Karl Kautsky who
is contributing n series of articles
under the general title of "Patriotism, War and Social Democracy," to
the "Noue Zeit" deals in the second
of these with the attitude of the organized proletariat towards war.
Knutsky's well known ability and
the general interest attaching to the
question appear to present sulllcient
reasons for a brief consideration of
his arguments.
lie disposes of the Utopian idea
looking to the abolition of war upon
merely humanitarian grounds thus
tersely "Wc Social Democrats are
desirous of bringing about an international social organism in which
all great social and national antagonisms are merged, and a universal
social authority is provided, which
dominates the individual nations und
acts ns an umpire in settling petty
disputes. In this way we would create the possibility of eternal peace
between the peoples, but today, we
recognize the impossibility of this
peace In proportion as we are remote from this international socialist society, and we know ull the better that all at tempts by means of
an international umpiring of the disputes of individual nations by the
sovereign capitalist states ure fruitless. War, like revolution, is a ea-
tastrophe which with iron necessity
visits the society of today und can
only be destroyed with that society.
"For a hundred years both these
things (war and revolution) hove
been  said   to   bo  deud   times  without
number; but after every interment,
they have risen stronger than ever.
These prophecies are only instances
of the wish, being father to the
thought; the wish springing from the
fact that war and revolution are
dreadful scourges for modern society,
in proportion as it grows and develops within itself the germs of new
wars and revolutions.
"Every society which rests upon
the antagonism of classes or nations
requires armed force for its maintenance. It is mere foolishness if
the bourgeois pence enthusiasts arc
desirous of maintaining the capitalistic method of production und at
tho same tunc abolishing war, which
is Its natural consequence."
Dealing with thc present condition
of Europe, Krautsky says: "At the
present moment, with the Russian
Imperial Government in its present
state, there is bo imaginable European war that would not be entirely wanton and abominable. There
would be no war which would not
be most detrimental to the interests
of the proletariat and social development, and which should not be
against     by every  adequate
pafgn  against   u„  M
by a refusal on the ,      '"'?   «i
cttlist deputies to vote L?I> $
campaign ugainst the' ■ .M'l'1'"'''i
in every faftlon, oven i       ,nK
vote military Sll|   ,       'y/"^.Z
t.v of the socim's!  ,;„,"/• <£
tntivo. He who f ,„ '» '-<1<
course is a traitor , „ '", „ ">y J
the  proletariat." '   c**"l«8™
*** "tiUTARv sTiUKE
"i  tha
The generul  strike
he  regards  as  hopclc,s"s ,T, luilitVJ
ing conditions,  and   »     '"l'T 'Vul
■"*»„ Social  Ife,."" \^"''» th, gl
advocacy „t it, in ihT'l*81 ml
words: "if „„. I',' " lollop
Democracy  wore  i„  „    '"' s'*'ii
congresses the general
as a tactical weapon
*Vlweft'   H   WOUld   be' ll,;.','""1"^
of  filling the Qemm       kJ,
ei-flowing nn,| ,„■ ,, "S,*«MUX
mils  n„,l  the orgdiuzat,? "'"'*
German Social  I „„:.*".. of   I
W'a**.  as  Kautsky  „,   ; s
not  an   isolated   i,|„.,, '        °"1'
"•»>• ,'■■<■  forwar,flngn0or°„ «
armed  force,  and „»,"   "'    I
not   sulllcientlv     Rtron'   *,"*« »'•■
the policy leading  t„ „      '""■"ij
not   strong enough   i„ ,,„' ''"
«ur which is the remdi     '?,""'
BUI the existence ,,, ,, ,h"Hi<J
mocracy itself h a hii,,Li"l,UJ
. ,h"    Soclallsl  pnr , '  '•'»«•.
lOUS countries coiwtitui, ,, "fl
est   hindrance to     ,    i ""*■
b.v virtue of the ,,'„,, •'""'"••ii «v,
existence     nm,     (h(ij|    "*** ol   ijji
program.      ah    ,.,n,.,„,    '"'"""-j
thai     where „     .,,,'„   '""'"K l»»»
•■■•ntie  pany    ex^"^'^
•uenns more ,hmi |o;    ™<*  In ti
"*•>■•  r"rn"" ^d | ,,,."'7'
'»""" the complete abolition n^f
geois   rule   jn   th         "' '"'"M
are  more „p,   ,,,  ,,„,       '•
nnd   to  reckon   with   Hus ,,)ntj
So ih
"h  thi
in view.'-Austin  |W|,
ist  Voice.
Nol Too Early to Look
Exclusive pattern, ,lr„ „„„. .
some of the choice ones *J?
early. «nd acme 0f tho ,1^1*
cannot duplicate, if „ou *^
unusual stylos it will in..,^'!,
come promptly. '   '
Flatiron Hats
The Smartest Soil Hat ol the Sow
These Hats have been enthuii*
cally received by young ,„e„ Z
the very first day we brought
out. Neither trouble nor fxr,
has been saved in the productiosi
these goods, as you will cheer
acknowledge  upon examination.
tit Cordova Street
CasH Grocery Stor
We also carry a full line ol Fun
ture, on easy payments, at prlc*
that ennnot he duplicated, kindli|
inspect our stock.
Cor Wettmisster Ave and Harrii Sb
The means suggested
are a   ratn-
Worklngmen Are Always Welcome I
New Fountain Hotel
0. S0HWAHN, Proprietor
Meals 2.r> cents nnd up
Beds, 25 cents per night.
Itooms $1.50 per week ond up.
29-31 Cordova St.    Vancouver, B.fl
The readers of the Western Clarion
are requested to take particular notice of the number "upon the address
slip on tneir paper.    A considerable
number   of   subscriptions   will  expire
during the forthcoming two months.
This holds especially true in regard
to subs,   taken by    Comrade   Walsh
during his  trip through  the interior
during the fall of 1903.    Those who
wish to continue receiving the paper
should bo careful to renew before expiration of present sub.  in order to
avoid any break in the regular issues.
It should be borne ln mind that   all
names are stricken from tho list upon
expiration  of  the number  for  which
payment has   been   made.     This is
number  881,     If  that   number  i.s on
your address  sltp  your  sub.  expires
with this issue.   While the publishers
of  the Western  Clarion  do not   beg
for subs or renewals,  nor push   forward  any   schemes  to   obtain    such,
they  will   take  pleasure  in  forwarding to   any   address 5 yearly   sub.
cards for $3.75.    Each card will be
accepted as payment in full for one
year's   subscription   to the Western
Clarian when returned to this office.
In soine of thi
in the City
of the run to annou
opies of  InRt issue  was announced n deb
Mall Saturday night.   Wo had  to  stop  Hi.
ihe ni«|[
no ma"!
        to  stop   Hie  pr 	
., ,m*0 ,nn' "the cheese was o(T." There nn
"was thought that the gr,.ftt „x,)om.n, 0, single I a.x
■  who  has been  talking to «m«n - -—  -■   nnrtsofH
.lellll l\
would he
small (iiidien.es in various |>tirt«
Kind to put forward his views before n  Innror i **
.  ......  »v, nimi n
the City Hall,  but although not othei
rwise engaged  lie declined
me liberty or give me
death," has been changed into "give
mo a job or give me soup.''   It may |
nevertheless, going to allow the employer to be exonerated from the
consequences of his defiance of the
statute, according to tho varying op-
ions or interests of jurors?
.Judge Gaynor had better be careful, for if ho continues to upset the
privileges so long enjoyed by those
who make fortunes out of little boys
fingers, he will be declared a demagogue,* a . Socialist, or something
equally terrible by some influential
body like the Citizens'  Alliance
 ,..     .... mm> | Duuy iiKe tne Citizens'  Alliance    of
not lie so high-sounding,  but its   a I Poodles  Corners— Machinists  Jour-
lot more nrautUcai *"   ..:. . . Isa-l,       - „
i Burns & Co.
Second Hand Dealers.
largest and cheapest stock of
Cook Stoves in thc City.
Doom   Chains,    Augers,   Loggers'  Jacks,  Etc.
We have moved into our new
and  commodious premises i
138 Cordova St., East
■PhMi 1579       Vancouver, B. G
( m4
Adam and Eve
looked with a wood nre.
No wonder there was trouble
in that Family
The way to have I"'1"(l' c0"
fort and cleanliness in the n'>'»
is  to do away  with the a**1"
irery and   dirt   of cooking *»'
wood or coat, by using "
Gas Stove
We have them  in   Wi0?%
patterns, cheap and eflU-lont,n«i
are always glad to show
Give us a call.
VANCOUVER GAS CO   Ltd  CmrCarr.ll and HMlWtt
        . » ,•,M• Vsaeauvi
Vancouver. B. C


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