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The Western Clarion Feb 23, 1907

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Vancouver, British Columbia. Saturday, fefaruary 23, 1907
■•wbt" •wi.
Lauds Russian Reaction and Praises
Capitalist Philanthropy.
Detente of the brutal reign of the
Russian autocracy. Fulsome eulogies
. f charitable ( ?) capitalists. Sneers at
and misrepresentation*! of Socialism.
Iicmmriation of American labor agi*
talon, fonn the principal ingredients
in the Mew served t;p by that literary
ihrf '.o!<lwin Smith <bystander) in j
lad week's Toronto Sun.
ISccause a philanthropic capitalist in
Toronto devoted a part of th.- plunder
he hss been able to wring out of thc
workittf claw towards erecting a hospital for lick infants, thc Socialist con-
trntioii lhat a capitalist a*, inch is ue-
tctttti&t a parasite is altogether vmmg,
at least wi says our capitalist cook
(Tie wealth which furnished this ran-
mfteenoj wa« a« fairly earned at thc
-tagtt of any man wtio woilts in a fac-
lory." Tts true, my dear professor,
ttiat this wealth was fsirlv earned, but
't wa* noi earned by our nlulatithropic
capftal_fl ll «'» earned by the wnrk-
trt thc capitalist was able to exploit by
■ il ownership of «wie of the means of
;-rodurti«!i the workers "sad to has*e been to in order  to live      All   wealth
i. .mists of various article* of food,
i '-thin** shelter or thc machinery for
producing the *-ame. Our professor
i ■.•unit put his funccr on one of those
-rtrfles lhat wa*. •irrxlueed by a capital-
ist ss such And yet capitalists own
the bulk of it A varied a.virtment of
laborers fw.-WV-..-3-ilKUtcly produced
ii all and own* little <>r none <»f it
Ihe laborer earns his wages. Yes.
Ur cams more than Ins wage*.. If he
did not do s« he would not bc employ-
■ •I i»ne second after hu nw-trr fond it
"American agitators ought to be excluded; their baleful influence was seen
in Hamilton." No suggestion that the
galling conditions imposed on their
slaves by the street railway capitalists
had anyilung to do with the disturbance. Oh, no, lhat would be exhibiting
"class hatred!' lf we arc to exclude
American labor agitators, why not
American capitalists ?
What is the aggregate of thc exchange
value of the products of Canadian labor that is consumed by foreign capitalists? Not that it matters very much
to the worker who is under thc skinning process. The knife of thc Canadian exploiters cuts as keep and removes the hiue about as wcii as any
other, bul it serves to show the detestable hypocrisy of thc capitalist patriot,
mouthing about foreign labor agitators
and welcoming foreign capital with
often arms and at tbe same time scouring the earth for thc cheapest labor hc
can find to still further reduce the standard of life of the Canadian working
class and thereby increase the volume of
profit. Verily, the patriotism of caoi-
sa! is a nauseous thing.
* i ne government of Russia docs well
to control the elections of thc Downa."
il also docs well to maintain its army of
torturing, maining, murdering Cossacks
to put down thc "'vile, dastar-y bomb
throwing in which young, misguided
girls with diseased hearts and minds are
implicated. Thc interests of civilira-
tion" (better spelled syphiliization) "lies
in ncaceful reform." If the history of
the world tclli us auvthing it teaches us
that progress has not been made peacefully      The bourgeoisie to  wliich class
lhe -Mf.--rn.-i- between what  is paid |"."r'P******** **_• I*    ••■** .P*"*
m™^^^^^^^^^^^^^^m: r        tl***y    now   have    by   wading    through
tlie* laborer m wage*, and wlul his pro-
'iiirt sell* f««r in the market is lhe
Bret of all capital. I Im volume ol
unpaid labor, surplus value, rail it what
om will, is IlieH-Mittg sjradily and !*-
'Mining centered in fewer and fewer
hands unlit the bulk of the workers live
»l the mercy of a few individuals. Some
• I these individuals are philanthropic
1 if lie it from me to suggest that other
lives than mire benevolence actuate
iheni. Vrt Andrew Carnegie could
murder his workmen with one hand and
radon a university with the other. To
nvr back a part of thc wealth skinned
-ut of the workers lo a chanty hospital
i* a poor substitute for justice. 11 vve
lived under an economic system vvhete
the workers could have as reiiiun. ration ihe wealth they produce they would
i'"t need to send their children to a
charity hospital. I'..y coilU build—by
the way. lie ii noted Ihey will build
'••••tt this charity hospital—-an hospital
for themselves and they could own and
direct tt after it wa« built
"the great millionaires have risen
(nam the ranks, bcfrmurig without a
'lollar." Therefore the tendency of tlie
workers to exhibit an antavonism to-
•.Hnll tlieir exploiter* is to l*e deprecat-
"l l"he logic ol our capitalist profet-
»<ir is certsinly a weird ilium Ut
"• illustrate:
1-ir.k  Tuipin   was  once    an
l"owUiy.     Out of  In- --mp  W  1-"-
'veil  a  gun   with   which  he  held  Ujp
our professor  and   roblied   him   of  his
pockatbaok    U ought certainly <o ni
move from the mind pf hit victitt "the
"inieiit of hatred,'' lot  wa» not I in  ..ull
purchased   with   his  savings?     1 lie re
laiion between  footuad    and  victim    il
I'lecisely   lhe   same   as  k'tweeu   capit-l-
nt and wage slave.    Docs it WHM tha
'ham*  of  wauc-slaverv   less  galling   l"
know that a half century ago the orifl
"mil  instrument   of  wealth   production.
'lie  micieut   which   has  istice   gathered
to itself thc wealth of tlie world, wa*
put, based  by   the  savings  of  a  wont*
man who has  since  developed   into  a
capittlittr     Of course the grandfather
"f iome nf our fellows ought  W hvrt
done what Carnegie did. but would )'
materially   alter   the   situation    »s    "
stands todav to make one of the pre*
mt parasites a worker and one of the
present workers a parasite?     Ilns |«><>"'
worker getting lo be the rich capitalist
""■ the lure Uld out to prevent  revolt,
hut lie it noted  that   conditions    arc
somewhat   different   today   than    tney
were when Carnegie ct al  graduatc-
from the ranks of the workers.     1 hen
niilustry was controlled by small com
I'viuig catiitalists.    It was possible then
'ot  a   worker   to   get a   foothold an-
1,v Ibe exercise of unscrupulous    cun*
"*»«. i. c. wusiness tagacily, to  down
'»» brother capitalist: hut today mum
Hy the cunning of tlie individual ten
thousand times.     Arm him  with con-
fidcrablo capital and then let htm break
'"to the ranks of the large canilahstt »
>* ran.    The nioitriiful howls ol the
tinhorn capitalist as he is being squeezed
"y his larger brother is  reverberating
■'■rmiHlKiiit the land and it is a safe bel
"hat the "class haired" so deprecated by
n«r nrofet-or won't lie exhibited hy the
workert alone.
►ci-atis of lilooii and terrorism. They
maintain it now in "free Canada and
America" by similar means, "raduated
nicely to meet the necessities of the case.
N'o subject class ever used violence until provoked by long continued oppression. Carlylc, in commenting on thc
'h>|K*criticai howls'* of the rulers of
Kumpc because some Ol the feud.il nobility parted company with their heads in
the so-called Reign of Terror in France,
noted that for centuries thc peasantry
of France had suffered misery and torture without protest before rising io revolt. And so it is in Russia. Bomb-
tbrowing is not the product of "the
uncased hearts of young girls." Young
girls ordinarily do not throw bombs.
The case o fthe unspeakably outraged,
maltreated Marie Spiridonova alone
• ni.lit to turn every working man and
woman in Russia into bomb-throwers.
Would that they could do more and give
Ihcse- brutal rulers a dose of their own
medicine. To hurl these hanging, tor-
ttiling, Russian riding class murderers
■ver the divide by a bomb is
loo easv a death! "Control the elections of the I)ouma." Whv a Doutna
.it till Apparently a sop that did not
work out as a sop else they would not
need to Control thetn As for the army,
, in spite of vodka, brilies and brutal dishonest j• iptntr. it will eventually go with the
! Revolution
They now have a more refined method
of eetting the wealth away from the
workers who produce it.
They need only now to own the means
by which the workers live and they will
rally round and offer themselves for
just about what it costs to catch the
However, there are lands and it is alleged British Columbia is one, where
there is an insufficient number of workers to suit the interctts of the matter
In others, such as England, there are
more than is needed, about one million
and a-half of them.
In British Columbia the workers, presuming on the alleged scarcity of their
kind, begin clamoring for more grub—
warn—and the masters look ruefully
forward to the prospects of less profits,
when loi the Salvation Army steps
into the breach.
To manv the Salvation Army is a
spiritual institution, lt has dealings
with the material affairs of life only for
the purpose of peopling tbe heavens
with the largest number it can fish out
of the ocean of sin and depravity here
That it should assume the role played
by ihe man-catchers of slavery days is
hardly believable.
But so it is.
Tis true they they do not use bloodhounds and compelling force.
It is not necessary.
Thc empty stomachs of the English
workera is force enough.
Adjutant Wakefield, who is the head
of this department of man-catching, has
issued a circular through the local press
that he has 25,000 packages of human
merchandise on the way from England.
He assures his customers that they are
all good goods—not a bad sample in the
Merchants who wish to buy can have
them at bargain-counter prices.
"They arc fru>'-il and hard-working"
—that is. they will produce much wealth
for the buyer for little food.
Some of them, he savs. "have money
to invest." Kow the Enelish exploiter
overlooked this is not stated, but never
mind, his Canadian cousin w ill attend to
Hc also states hc has some goods of
the femintne gender useful for domestie
servicc, but he has not as yet speculated much in that line.
If the demand keeps good, however,
he will get more of the same kind.
All of which goes to show that the
a fore-mentioned spirituality is only a
veneer to cover oyer the commercial
nature of the whole outfit.
General Booth, in his "Darkest England," uncovered some of the festering
sores of our capitalist civilization. Hc
showed to tlie shocked gaze of the world
thc  sweltering  mass of  human  misery
Ali had to thc Russian    Revolution.
More power to the liomb-throvvcri. It
h" a ■ the nrolrtariat of all lands the
way out when tlieir ruling class endeavor to liolitcr up their power to enslave
liv similar means.
which has never been paralleled under
the worst system of slavery the world
has seen. He appealed to the minds and
consciences of the people to assist financially to relieve this condition. Funds
were gotten—in (act the Salvation Army
it as adept in this matter as any of the
other spirtual institutions, and they are
not at all slow.
However, the slum proletaire can
stew in suffering.
They are to stay where they are.
The demand is for sound goods and
none but those strong in wind and limb
are eligible to come.
That this rushing of the masses of
labor to this Province 'will cause the
same conditions to appear here as exist
in Eneland apparently is not considered.
Capital must have labor to feed on
and all its institutions, temporal and
divine, must fall in line and obey its
O i
Abstruse philosophy and fine tpun
theory only tends to confuse the average
mind.    Cut them out
The duty of the Socialist propagandist is to explain to the workers the
character of capitalist production and
its    results    to    the    working    class.
Things are coming to an awful pass
in the British House of Commons. The
government is being accused of trying
to give Ireland a first instalment of
home rule. Such a reckless innovation
upon the part of the government should
be frowned down by every worshipper
at the shrine of this venerable class instrument of coercion and oppression.
Spectacular Kill,** the German
Kaiser, was so elated over the fact that
the village of Lunow, a place of some
1500 inhabitants, did not poll a single
Socialist vote in 1903 that he gave the
town a medal. Judging from the development of thc Socialist movement in
his "neck of the woods," there is being
pa-pared in the crucible of time a medal
for his spectacular nibs that will bear
eloquent testimony to his effective
abatement as a public nuisance.
*■ Tn referring* to the killinr of an average of 26 persons per day by the railways of the United States a press writer
asks: "What would the people of the
United States have to say about it if the
powers at Washington sat supinely
while ten regiments of the standing
army were marched out in a single year
ai.d shot down?" We do not know
what the "people"' would say. but of
this we are sure, and that is, that the
capitalist class would offer no serious
objection provided its profits were not
interferred with by the killing.
Working Class Brains a Scarce Commodity.
Peasant Leader Gives Interesting Account of Affairs In Czars' Domain.
In the days of chattel slavery in the
South there was a lucrative business
carried on In which men of enterprise
and luisiticss sagicity could rake in much
goodly prolit.
Expedition* were fitted out with expert man-catchers and set sail for thc
coait of Africa and there enticed the
nigger with the persuasive influence of
a chain around his neck to forsake liis
heathen ways and come to America and
there enjoy the blessings of christian
civilisation picking cotton tinder tht
lash of a master.
It was of course all for the good of
the slave.
It existed by divine sanction.
The good book proved that men chosen of (Sod had made furavs amongst tin-
heathen and made of thetn hewers of
wood and drawers of water all for the
benefit of the heathen,
At least the chosen mouthpieces of
the Deity in their pulpits said so.
No longer, however, do bloodhounds
hunt  down  the slave in  the  primeval
TO grt men now-a-days to work for
a master   class it is not    necessary to
chase them.
They chase the master.
Instead of tlie* auction t-Jnrk, vvb.re
the master sold thc nigger, we have the
lalxir market, where the worker sells
Thc officials of thc Western Federation of \iincrs are still in jail, with every chance, as McPartland says* of
never leaving Idaho alive. We now understand their trial is set for March
.Mh and lhe Lord himself has no idea
how much longer the mine owners will
postpone it.
Organized labor in this country
should bc proud of itself and iu narticii-
lar thc W. F. of M., since thev marched to the ballot boxes last November
and practically told the mine owners,
do as you please with our officials, as
ue do not care. All wc want is our little job of slavery and mule existence,
with the difference that thc mule eats
after his job stops.
Let the blame rest where it belongs.
' Let it rest on the laboring class who
I at every election and every other time
they get a chance, never fail to endorse
I the actions of their capitalist masters,
j even to the present extreme case of en-
i dotting their every action in the Mover-
Hay wood case.    As near as I can find
out. every solitary man in Idaho and
Colorado that were on the ballots and
that have openly upheld the actions of
tlie mine owners and their office holding flunkies  were elected with hardly
votes enough against them to be noticed.
■    Now  that  the workers  have elected
' thetn  and consequently endorsed their
past actions, 1 presume they will hold
a few protest nicetines, pass some resolutions  that  cost  nothing but a  little
paper and wind, subscribe a few actual
dollars to be spent    in the   capitalist
courts, then  swell  up  and  think they
have done something.
The fact of the matter is, the officials
of tin \V. F. of M. are likely to hang
and we who would like to see justice
done can only sit and think. Wc are
■iiwcilcss to take action because our
hauls are tied by thc enormous majority of our own class that are always
10 ready and anxious to say to the
other side, "Soak it to us boss.    We
have got ao used to it that we think it
is a part of life we cannot get along
without. Hang our officials if you
wish, just so you continue my little
job, just so I get my miserable adulterated feed, with a little on the side for
cheap booze; lhat is all we want." What
matters it what happens to their president and secretary just so it isn't themselves?
Organized, or rather divided labor,
in the United States has degenerated
into a joke. The officials of some of
them and their conventions seem to
show some sense by the action they
take, but the membership act like jugs.
They can neither be drove, led, persuaded or argued with unless there is a dish
of grub in sight and when they once
see the grub everything else vanishes.
I say, haste the day when even that
disappears. Possibly then we can argue with them when we have an empty
stomach in them to back us up, but I
doubt it.
There is a time coming in this country when the capitalists will have such
complete control that there will be no
place for them to reinvest their money.
When that time comes they will only
employ enough slaves to produce what
they can use and waste, which will certainly only be a small per cent, of us.
Some may think then that it must be
either Socialism or a benevolent feudalism. Notliinir of the kind. From present appearances it looks to me like they
could starve nine-tenths of the people
to death without a murmur from them.
It can be done with mules and I cannot see where thc present mule in human
form is anv superior or wiser than his
four-legged brother.
Brains in the working class seem to
be an unknown commodity. They are
composed of stomachs only. What
the outcome will be when the capitalist
gets to arguing with them in earnest
via their stomach we have jiot to wait
and see.—John Btard, in Miners Muga-
Astoria, Oregon.
M. Aladin, ex-member of the Russian
Duma, contributes to the Tiroes a three-
column article in which he analyses the
forces facing each other in the Russian
electoral contest. On the progressive
side, he says, the learned classes and
tls*. Hotspurs of the revolution, who
have been not seldom at variance, arc
nov. being driven by the force of cir-
curr stances into concerted action.
The government's opening plan of
campaign bas one simple object in view,
that of elimination from the actual field
of contest—which for a time at any rate
will be the floor of thc next Duma—
as many of its opponents as possible;
but the means by which they seek to
attain this end are varied and ingenious. In future only householders will
be entitled to vote, and they may only
elect one o*f themselves as their representative. According to the previous interpretation of this law, at tbe election
of the first Duma, any male inhabitant
over the age of 25 years possessed the
franchise and was eligible for election.
In addition to the peasant holders of
common land, there is, in every village
community, a certain number of the
more prosperous peasants who have acquired small holdings of their own.
Their votes, in the complicated system
of Russian election, were always polled
with those of the large landholders in
thc district: the latter, of course, stand
cheek by jowl with-the Government.
On various pretexts, too deep to be
fathomed by Russian, let alone foreign,
minds, large numbers of these small
freeholders have been disfranchised,
leaving entire control in the hands ef
the large landholders. In ten districts
over 60,000 men have thus been excluded. By another step the Kulaks
(money-lenders) and the wealthy peasants have been made the devoted servants of the Government.
By what may be termed as little more
than the stroke of a pen, a skilful Jblow
has also been dealt at the working
classes, which must have been the fruit
of severe thought on the pert of its
author, and reflects no little credit on
his ingenuity. The franchise has been
restricted to working men occupying
a separate room containinp a stove. Two
good strokes of the pen these, as may
be seen from the following figures of
those deprived in this manner of the
vote: ,
Kursk  l.OOOl
Tsaritsin 3,000 f
Vilna 1,457
Odessa   30,000
Kieff 18,000
Etc., etc.
The railway men form another set of
disturbers of orderly government, with
their general strikes. A circular letter
has been addressel by the Minister of
Ways of Communication to his subordinates of tbe railway, to the effect that
"no railway employes must be allowed
to neglect their duties on election days,"
a sufficiently broad hint, and it will no
doubt be acted upon when the time
comes. Over 100,000 railway employees
are deleted from the electoral lists.
By good fortune, 180 of the undesirable members of the late Duma practically put their necks into the noose by
the Wiborg manifesto, considerately disqualifying themselves. Of the remaining ex-members the Labor group were
the worst sufferers. Ten of them are
in prison; nine are in hiding in Russia; four escaped abroad (among them
your humble scribe); two are in exile;
one is in a madhouse. Of six clerical
members who took to preaching on subjects outside the cure of souls, one was
arrested and one excommunicated.   All
ex-members who held municipal offices
■ *   . _. •_  _. .-
tions" may be aptly compared to the
cahiers and requetes of Ae French Revolution. We will take two points which
were insisted upon by 150 but of 163
which I had time and opportunity to
examine.   These are— -
(1) The general amnesty.
(2) A responsible Ministry.
The 13 nakazes which omitted to mention these points were too much concerned with their own local troubles to
think of those of their neighbors. One
quotation—which may, however, be regarded as typical—must suffice for illustration of each:
We peasants, believino- in Christ, desire to express our great pity toward
all prisoners, and knowing well how and
why our Saviour Christ was crucified
and his disciples persecuted, we see, too,
in onr time, how fighters for the people's freedom suffer for us. Eternal
glory to them.
(Valoste Voronezskava Prov. Novgorod.)
You are humbly and loyally to beg his
majesty the Tsar to trust wholly and
in all matters the Duma, elected as it is
by the whole bodv of the people. As
for his present Ministers, who are hand
in glove with our squires, we trust them
not, nor is it our intent to trust them
in ihe future. Ministers must be chosen
from the members of the Duma.
(Naiman.    Prov. Simbirsk.)
In the attitude of the working classes
a uistinct change has occurred since the
last elections. At that time they had
been utterly disheartened by a series of
unsuccessful strikes, into which they had
been led by their youthful leaders. The
attitude of the working classes towards
the next Duma is very different. They
are now resolved with one mind to go
to the poll, or at least every man that
retains the right, and as a preparation
for the campaign there have been formed, despite all difficulties, during the last
six months:
In St. Petersburg, 30 unions with 35,-
ooo members.
In Moscow, 50 unions, with 30,000
In Ekaterinoslav, 24 unions, with 15,-
000 members.
Similar not altogether insignificant
figures might he given for other large
towns, such as Samara, Ufa, Saratov,
Nijni Novgorod Vorronezh.
The middle classes generally do not
seem to be more enthusiastic in their
support of the Government than they
were at the last elections. It has been
whispered, too, that even in the regiment
of officials not all are heart and soul
with those above them.
I have tried to state facts to thinking
men, and not to excite the sympathies of
the sentimental. To me, every man in
Rusia, be he in the ranks of the Government or in those of the people, is fighting (if he fights at all) for what he
thinks best. I am in the ranks of the
people. The issue lies in the hands of
the gods.—London Times.
Over. 1500 Socialist aldermen were
elected at the recent civic elections in
A wealthy banker of Memphis, Tcnn.,
recently committed suicide in fear that
his business associates would get his
money away from him. The realization
of what :in unscrupulous gang of thieves
constitute the business world upset his
reason.   It is not to be wondered at.
The owners of the Le Roi mines at
Rossland onlv received a 3 1-2 per cent,
dividend  last year.    This  is  a  heart-
^  rending showing when it is taken into
ex-members who held municipal offices . consideration how hard they worked.
or posts under municipal boards have The Rossland miners ought, in common
been dismissed, under Government in-' decency, to at least whack up with them.
structions. by their respective Zemstvos      mmmm*tm*m*mh^^^^^^^am**mna
and municipalities. One case of un
paralleled stubbornness, however, deserves to be recorded; that Of the Tver
Zemstvo, which contumaciously declined
to carry out the order.
The ex-members of noble rank have
also not been neglected. Thirteen have
had their names struck off the lists of
provincial nobility by their provincial
assemblies, a penalty which deprives
them of all political rights.
So much for the forces of thc Imperial Government. What arc the plans
and chances in the coming contest of
those in the opposing camp?
The peasants, as we have said, are the
chief constituent of the Party of Progress, from a numerical point of view,
and the result of the next elections w'ill
depend mainly on their attitude. If any
expression of their views at the last
election can be found, it will be safe to
argue that thev have at any rate not receded from them.
Those views have been expressed in
no faltering or indistinct tones in the
nakazes addressed to their representatives in the late Duma.   These "instruc-
Louis E. Recabarren, Socialist member of the Chilean congress, has been
sentenced to 541 days of imprisonment
for "contempt of authority." Recabarren
is a printer by trade, and bears the distinction of being thc only Socialist
member of a national legislature on the
western continent. The fact of hit imprisonment is proof that his brand of
Socialism is not of the "broad" type
that is so fashionable with thc feeble
minded, and non-disturbing to bourgeois
One Kingston, Ont., society woman
has sued another for $53,000 damages
for having alienated her husband's affections. Some people seem to have an
utter disregard for the property rights
of others. $53,000 seems, however, to
be- an exhorbitant price for an ordinary
chunk of that sort of property. If the
injured lady is not over 70 years of age
and reasonably unwrinkled in appearance she ought to he able to get a bunch
of affections to take the "lace of those
alienated at about the cost of board and
clothes for Uit "••"•■ner,
wMi-awi jtammsatntmamahm
■isz. niritim, mm* ooLDH-tu.
SAT-kDAY,  trlUlkilAky
Iu Wostsni Quion
PnbUwd every Satan-ay ia the
in lei eats of Ae wufhing
■t Ike OSco ef the Wi
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A writer in The Nineteenth Century
and /ifter has come to the conclusion that
"the application of man's genius to the
invention of machinery has been fraught
with loss, rather th in gain, to the true
moral and intellectual progress of the
race." This wonderfully wise conclusion is supplemented by a lot of balderdash equally grotesque and nonsensical.
By the working out of a long and
laborious proces the implements with
which man converts the resources of
the earth into usable form for the satisfaction of his needs have been brought
from an exceedingly primitive character up to the gigantic complicated and
powerful mechanical appliances in use
touay. By every step of the process
the amount of wealth available lor human needs has been increased. As the
power of wealth production has thus
been increased the amount of human
energy necessary to produce a given
quantity of needful things has been lessened. 'Ihis would logically imply tnat
more wealth would be available for the
comfort and well being of thc producer
or a greater amount of leisure time
would be at his disposal, in cither case
tnis increased power of production
would prove a" blessing, rather than a
Another factor, however, might enter
into the arrangement that would turn
that which ought to be a blessing into
an unmitigated curse. 'lhat factor
would be such a control of production
and appropriation of tbe wealth brought
forth, as would preclude the worker
from any participation in the benefits
arising from the increase- productloa
it requires no very elaborated enquiry
into the present system of property in
the machinery of production to snow
that this is exactly the case at the present time.
The resources of thc earth and the
means of production are at present the
property of a data, the capitalist class,
who take no part iu tbe process of production. They merely appropriate the
product that comet forth as a result of
the labor of the workers. Whatever
benefit arises in consequence of thc
power of modern machinery, of necessity, accrues solelv to the owners, the
capitalists. T'he workers cannot appropriate any of these benefits because they
have no ownership in, and therefore no
control over, the means of production
or the wealth produced.
The capitalist ownership of thc means
of production carries with it tbe actual
ownership of the working class, as thc
latter cannot exist without access to the
resources and machinery of industry.
Tbey must therefore surrender their
power to labor to the owners. This is
equivalent to surrendering their very
lives, for their labor power is their life.
The power of wealth production was
never so great as at present. Tlie
volume of wealth now possible to bring
forth is amply sufficient to supply the
reasonable requirements of every member of the human family, and that too,
without excessive labor upon tbe part
of those who do the wbrk. lf there
hat been a "loss to the true moral and
intellectual progress of the race," it
bas not been due to machinery. It has
been due, and is now due, to a system
of ownership and control that actually
prohibits any distribution of the products of industry that is conducive to
aity "moral and intellectual progress"
Machinery should be a blessing to
human kind. It can only prove a curse,
however, so long at it is held and operated as a form of property that enables
one clow to exploit Mother.    It is o
curte to the owners by a plethora of
wealth thet nukes for their "moral and
intellectual" degradation, and it is a
curse to the non-owners through the
povertv into which it forces them, with
all of its debasing and degrading tendencies. All that is best in human
character withers under its blighting
When the means of production are
stripped of their garb of capital; when
machinery becomes the property of the
working class, ns a class, and the exploitation of labor has been brought to an
end, the curse now resting upon the
race will be removed. With the giant
of steam, steel and electricity, the servant of labor, to aid in the task of providing an abundance of needful things
for the workers themselves, the condition will be established out of which
"moral and intellectual progress** may
be possible.
On December 30, 1905, ex-Governor
Steunenberg of Idaho was assassinated.
Just who did the deed no one knows, or
if they do know they have kept the information to themselves. ihe record
of Steunenberg during the Cour
de A'lene troubles of some years since
was so unsavor-.' that surely no self respecting workingman could shed any
tears over his abrupt taking off.
un February 17, 1.06, Charles Moyer,
William D. Haywood and George Pettibone, officials of the Western Federation of Miners, were arrested upon the
charge of having murdered Steunenberg. Arrested in Colorado, they were
at once taken into the sute of Idaho by
the thugs and hirelings of tbe Mine
Owners' Association. All of their supposed constitutional rights were overridden by the vile gang that was responsible for their arrest. They were simply
kidnapped by officers of the law. ln
the name of the law they were denied
all the safeguards that this ruling class
concoction was supposed to vouchsafe
The trial of the accused men is now
supposed to come off on March 5. How
much further delay may be conjured
up by the conscienceless satraps of tbe
mine owners it is impossible to say. Be
that as it may, however, the cold fact
stands brutally forth that these men
have been seized without due process or
warrant of even capitalist law and confined for one year in jail without any
more credible evidence of their guilt
than the alleged 'confession" of a
miserable degenerate, who by the same
confession, it is claimed, owns up to
more than a score of murders himself.
Even the sworn testimony of sucn a
self-confessed criminal would not be
given the slightest credence by any decent aud right-thinking person.
For a year these men have been deprived of their 'iberty and their loved
ones forced to undergo tlie torture of
uncertainty as to their fate, in order to
satisfy the vengeance of an unscrupulous ruling class whose right to rule
and rob the workers they have dared to
At all times they have been ready for
trial upon the charges preferred against
them, and which were used as a pretext
to deprive them of their liberty. Were
those interests responsible for their arrest desirous tbat justice should be
done, their guilt or innocence could
have been established within two weeks
of their seizure. That they were not
animated b*- such a desire is made manifest by the delays that have kept tbe
accused ones in prison for so many
No more glaring case of ruling class
ferocity and unbridled luicense has ever
occurred on American soil. No more
ruthless outrage hat ever been perpetrated upon the working class. And it
it an outrage upon the working class,
ihe accused men are of the working
class. They are representatives of thc
working class. They express the ad-
vanccu thought in the labor movement
which makes for the ending of capitalist tyranny and the ushering in of the
freedom of labor. A blow struck at
those who may have been selected by
the workers to voice their aspirations
and further the movement for their deliverance from the thraldom of capitalist rule is a blow aimed at the entire
working class and should be resented
by every workingman on the face of the
It is said that "justice is blind." In
view of this ruthless assault upon
representatives of the working class,
along with the thousands of outrages
and persecutions perpetrated upon members of that class daily, by the powers
that be, capitalist "justice" it a blind,
deaf and indecent old hag without conscience, scruple or virtue, a mere subterfuge behind which are committed thc
lowest and vilest crimes that a bloodthirsty ruling class can conjure forth in
defense of its long established privilege
of sucking the blood of its victims.
To term that sort of "justice" a
"blind goddess" requires cast iron gall
and a rubber imagination. Ruling
class "justice" would be more appropriately likened to a blind and ferocious
female canine. It it a sham, a pretense,
an hypocrisy, a clumsy subterfuge used
as a mask for the vilest traits of a vul
gar robber class whose entire existence
and mode ot living is low, mean end
y'e beyond expression
This   "blind   goddess     business   is
about played out
must be out by that time, except on Saturday nights.
Anyone conflicting   with   the above
rales will be dishonorably discharged.
Bv order of
At the regular meeting oi the Provin-
icial  Executive Coou-mre
Tbe above is an exact copy of the
rules and regulations laid down by the
Elk Lumtx-i   and Manufacturing Company, Ltd. of Fernie,    B. C, for    the
Tuesday I gOMMM oi tbe slaves in their various
! camps
last, it was decided to put an orgw-xer ,*-*•*•£ fim „#**»*, the phiUn
If iu stock of slaves be plentiful,
there is no logical reason why capital
should waste Us substance by putting
unnecessary   fat  upon  their  ribs
The more powerful becomes the machinery of production the smaller the
number of staves required to carry on
the industrial process to the extent of
supplying the market.
1 his renders superfluous some of the
slaves, who thus become a lever whereby those still in use can be compelled
to accept shorter rations.
The resultant enonomy causes thc
glory of capital to shine forth with increased lustre in the shape of greater
The only relief to come to the slaves
is through    the attainment    ol    their
in the held about April 1st, with the in- • An3fic t^m 0{ ,he company.   Working
tenrion of keeping him employed during  men are   proverbially    careless    when I
the entire summer season. j handling tbe large sums of money they
Tnere ,s a vast amomu of work ,0 be )«*£« J***^* comply tttetfimm.^ fof omthr<m o( £
done to awaken the cxp-oned pi-docers L^J pm*hmrt to carry about so much irule of capital and the assumption by
of wealth to a realization of the insqui- we_j_h tn their pockets m this age of j labor of the owncrthio of the means of
ties practiced upon them under the rote Icon-dence men an- Umco-steerer-*-de- ! production and control of the  wealth
of canital   and •_*-__. thern to intellr-   en-* to keep the bulk of it themselves,   brought forth by the workers.
of capital, and arontc ttvem to mteurr       ^ v^ ^ ^ ^^      A$ ^ >ute ,_ ^ ^n-ne-.    by
gent and concerted action lor the per-   4U^ lRtX ^y ho!d -, M _ club over meant of  which    thc  capitalist    class
pose of ihrowinc ofl the yoke of their  lht ^^ 0j ,,^.lr «np\-.-**rs or    that maintains  its economic dominion over
bondage.                                                      they need it to carrv on their business the workers, the freedom of labor can
It ,s imperative that competent men,   with kss outlay of capital                 . only be attaine*. by the *_f__T*__
Sull farther clauses 2 and 3 proclaim securing control of this iitttruroent and
the benevolence of this institution.    No , using it in ill own behalf,
liquor, no card    playing, no gambling. \    For this  reason  the    workers    are,
These are amusements which may only ! sooner or later, compelled to engage in
be indulged in with safetv by the class political activity wilh this purpose   in
which does  not  work.   The producing view.                                         ,-/ ,_,,._,.'_■_
capacity of a workingman is undoubted- The    conflict    of    interest    between
lt is up to the Locals and comrades in  j^^-^ by those tvli practices and masters and slaves thus culminates in
every locality to at once rommunkate - ,"s ,1 not to his benetit to produce all he ; what is termed the "clatt struggle.
with the Provincial Secretary and avail lean?   The owners of this concern may lhe capitalist class struggles to main-
themserm of the opportumty to secure f squire a jag or lose alittle at poker ,tain its control;of the ttate and   con*
t .1   V__   •                 _ ! without lessening the product.   As they : tmue its economic dominion over   toe
the services of the Organizer sent out.   ^^work the* can nurse their heads -workers.
If  conditions  prevailing  in any given i.^ ^y ^4 ,, tmr» \MC their money j    lhe working class struggles to wrett
locality be explained to the Committee'are not their  -free" laborers  working 'that control from the capitalists    and
as many as possible, be kept constantly
in the field for the purpose of indoctrinating ihe workers with the revolutionary spirit that will spur them on to
action in behalf of tlieir class.
every effort will be put
the Organizer so as to take everv possible advantage    of    existing    circumstances.
The Organizer will be commisioned
by the Executive to take subscriptions
for tbe Western Clarion, 50 per cent.
of the money so obtained to remain in
the hands of tbe Committee to be used
as it sees ht in the work of agitation
and organization, it the comrades
throughout the Province bestir themselves at all in thc matter of assisting
the Committee in this work an Organizer can be kept constantly in the neld
without any heavy dram upon the
finances of the Party. The commission
on subs., the sale of literature and col-
lec'.ions taken at meetings held, should
cover the expense and leave something
to the good for an enlargement of tbe
work later on.
The Dominion Executive has decided
to issue a series of pamphlets especially
adapted for study and assimilation by
the workers. A careful selection is to
be made of the most concise and easily
understandable socialist literature extant, and it is expected tbat much new
matter will also be prepared.
ihis move on the part of the Dominion Executive is a wise one. lt is time
the Party in Canada issues its own literature and stood sponsor only for that
which is in conformity with the principles and program it enunciates. Altogether too much trash has ben circulated as socialist literature, the responsibility for which must largely be assumed by the Party so long as it refrains
from issuing that for which it can consistently vouch.
lt is time for every comrade worthy
of the name to get busy. Write the
- rovincial SecreUry offering such suggestions or advice as will in your opinion aid in making tbe proposed work of
agitation and organization effective and
far-reaching. Get right down to business at once. There is work to do that
requires all possible assistance to do
it. The Fernie comrades have already
sent in $100, the balance left from their
campaign fund, to be used for organization purposes. They are also ready
and anxious to utilize the services of an
organizer when sent them and by every
means in their power assist in pushing
the good work along. Let the comrades of other localities fall in line and
get down to business.
forth to equip Ito produce more? !use the power of the state to effect itt
Clause 4 again instances tender soli-   deliverance from capitalist bondage.
 lhere is no middle ground between
There are cynical carping minds who
can only see the evil tide of things. We
hope we have a more cheerful outlook.
The world is getting better. Chattel
slavery has been abolished; remnants of
serfdom linger only in holy Russia.
Labor is now free I Free from tbe encumbrance of vile money, the root of
all evil I Free to leave its master, if it
can nod another.
lf there be any sceptical individuals
who doubt the genuineness of this freedom the following rules and regulations
of the industrial institutions operated by
"free" labor in British Columbia should
make them ashamed of harboring such
unfair suspicions:
Rules and Regulations.
1. There will be no regular monthly
payments in the camp. Men may draw
money at any reasonable time, at tbe
office, or their pay in tull when they
leave the employ of the company.
2. No liquor will be allowed in this
camp under penalty of being discharged
with cot wages.
3. No card playing or gambling allowed in camp.
4. No talking will be allowed at the
6. Strangers must apply at the office
for meal tickets.
«. Persons not in the employ of the
company will bc charged Mc per meal.
1,  hai time,  9.00 p. m.;   all lights
citude.   If the workers talk at the tables
they might not eat enough and to might   capitalists and workert.
kwe flesh and their kind owners would '    The interest of the one class cannot
fret so at this that it would spoil their , be conserved except at the expente ol
own digestion. - the other.
Clauses 5 and 6 undoubtcdl* shows With the powers of the slate m their
reverence for that beautiful scriptural ! hands the position of the capitalist
passage so illustrative of Christian class it impregnable,
charity brought up-to-date "I was ' No reform or patchwork can afford
a stranger and ye took mc in" ' permanent relief to thc working class,
at » cents per meal. Without the power of the state uo-
no mother with ! der their control  the  workers cannot
Steep, balmy sleep;
wakeful ear listening for the homeward
footsteps of her wayward children could
evince such solicitous care as this company exhibits in clause 7. No selfish
motive prompts this, lt is merely an incident that if they did not get enough
sleep they would not work so fast next
day. The indulgence of later hours on
Saturday night is no doubt to allow the
workers to practice thc thanksgiving
chorus that  will spontaneously  ascend
make such measures effective.
To brine- permanent relief the working class must conquer the state and
use iu powers without scruple or coo-
science in its own behalf.
The class struggle must be fought to
a finish.
'■   ♦	
A section of the bourgeois yf j- r
are endeavoring to secure the e.tabl.sh
ment of term-feudal  institutions    r
cently several writers   have   suggests
the allotment on estates of small u_.rh7
of land to be held on such ___Z „
would ensure tbe tervices oi the „
letarian located there his w,|, _,„,,''
mily to minister to the wam*. „i   ■
owners of the estates    lhe lure. 1 W*
timate ownership is to be held befo'"
U-* prol«anan.    It „ ,|.mb     £ g
ed he will be docile aiiv. ___-.-.?..u"?
mil to whatever exactions
Patiently _u|j.
Free labor (totalled bcca/il? „*, "^
from any property) is inconvenient h
hikes off to fresh pastures whenever
thinks the grass it greener and bZ,2
iu matter to do his own choroTand
it* mistress to empty her own *k__
iherefore it mutt be attached to the
land by tome proces* and _ 0, "*
entered into with the bait ol mdepeiid
MM held out m the dim ami _£'*,
future. Needless to say the pr..tmrtt„
will have little or nothing ,„' __, "^
wstritllis\\re .!Sl .HT '"*mn? «ul* ol
*C_r___?' _^T-tn ov"-'*'* l«-l labor
market behind htm anything that -ill
secure him tubsittence will U- ^mi
upon, even though it should ,.„.„, '
degrading servitude for himself w,£
and children.   There is another rooti*/**
br_,,i*!__-* C,> °f "B*ck » OK land
Tbe development of capital^!  in.^iuf.
lion means Ihe displacement bv Ubor
saving devices of targe numbers ol the
working class.    In the large industrial
centre* the mat* of unemployed raiser*
increases     Point is thu* given to d*
revolutionary propaganda     The work
era experiencing   dire poverty   in   ti*
midst of the greatest rapacit) U.f pri>
discing abundance the world hav rvcr
teen, are being enrolled in an   armj
that is marching on for ilu- conqueo .,(
that citadel   of capitalism   the   State
They threaten to abolish tiK capnalm
and make him. if he wants m -_i, du
useful  work, and they arc   exhibiting
signs of not being very pamculai as tu
thc mean* to hc employed to thai end
They are threatening to adopt the tat-
tics the matter class use in luppreswng
their revolts.    Naturally, the -ourgeou
are becoming  alarmed.     A  prouuneu
Eastern banker in addressing 4 capital*
itt club of this city said Hut »„-•.  It
C. needs to offset the (•evolmwrur* v.4c
» an agricultural pupulatiun     1 ii.ni
are therefore being made in Huv dirtc-
tion.    To give the slum proletarian the
nominal ownership of a patch ui land
and a few tools is calculated in wrurt
him as a bulwark for the present ty*-
tern of property ownership    Blinded b.
' ownership and th<- delusive
  , , .    ,-■-       in      Th* *odml   ideals,   the   ideas   *-»   ,,
from grateful hearts^ the Giver of all , curm,t  ^|Ven„^, 0{ u» pr-tent day ' !__L    ,    .. ,
good for the Christian dispensation that  av,]|re<j ^orM   M chronicled    in the ' "°-* _* t,^---Wc •ndeprndrt-* ht will
gives the workers such kind and disin- |dai, ^      capitalist civilization I ^ for.*_". J9*__?* •*•*"?'"' wl\'*'hira
terested employers. L-gp _„_,„ in wha, coumrv or dime,! ■" *° ft *\* [\_ ■"°<luct "*' ***:»
The final word may perhaps be chid- jJU y^,^ dtHr_stingfy v^- MrAid andiHeh *?* -.     ,hc T'" cl**M M h"
ing but any contumacious ( ?) working- I mercenary    At __Mtah-tcivili_-__o_ is I Mk"" ,h* c*'Jr •*•«■-■•"»**-■«
man who cannot appreciate at^ its foU MS £Sw ^rnTtot wage-sl.« ovit,-   JM pW,*t,{_iJ0Lo<^ ,uk °' ?g£_
worth the beneficence herein  displayed ij^j^,,   because it is out of the unnaid ' ",*T,"lore " l-***'--**-  ----» •••-'■*     "***
deserves to be    locked    outside those 1 hbof Q,  ^     ,, (  h     ^ t the cfftabiMI system was m
"pearly gates    v.ith all the    dishonor |       __ iu .linerlng trray of empires ' ** **tntm*atm was   hampered hy the
that such ingratitude   ought tojrarry  republic and kingdoms are builded. ;•-*«*-*«» «■»    •*-*-»'■ ""*   ,utn_
.. only logical to expect that underneath  £5 £. £___** MxetMh ""»? '" tJ*
the. cover of ,tt pretended. Christianity | £±^J™ZTTT±y _' i'   ',
. Or
pasture to then caitl* and
furnished them wrth firewood, turf, etc
To provide wage slaver, lor thr Uaarj
with it.
Labor produces all wealth.
and morality will be found in the verj | !fc_S2cf__!_^  -£". _T     L *
heart of such a social order the   same ' f"T°? «£» *_ *rMt u'!      '*
-~.._i .,.*.-. »-d    „,,*-,,   leprous wi-i,wrt. 0!    <,'-_Lor    **£, T
imderminVd The chattel-   g*£l*£ T***.  ^    '
of    ancient    Rome and   'Tt _"    ■» ,°* **,.    ''V
.J,.!, «r»»_.-.i ,»Ji, ..11    «hi-h gave pasture to their cu..
: social uicers and
i ditions which
The resources of the earth cannot be -, slave empires
converted into form for human use ex-1 ^reece. ^"^ wb»t-h presaged their fall
cept by labor '    om lhe uroe ,hat "P*-*1*1-1 mmatn
{first reared its head and the consequent  . .     ,     ,
wealth, own neithw the"re*ouree* of thej _^.£ i£. "^J". *S,*£_ 5l ~ *"'
earth nor the products of their labor.       KJ^iSS _S_I       .* ._!__* V* "*"
It matters not how ample the re- ^S2_2_^__!ftJ_5!_l to T"*
sources or productive their labor may M *•"■«£*• '^^r'8? ** _*!_
be. thev are as a class, held in a \**4■* 0****°** ot social reformers of
chronic^,--- of pcrve^-i cSequL- Mjg ^Vfe^^.^   £_*
No matter how nrolific *-*^-«**- M-...H-? *£.-**! f, fW,~tV'
production they may be tbey, at the i^wn^dan* Hh eom_^Jr*ln_Ce_£
best, can only hang on to a narrow '. *rown, a,°.f* wuh «W">wr« and eapi-
and miserable existence.
The capitalists own all the resources
talist development.
•   •   •
of the earth and the machinery of pro- I. Jh«J^«--* .Parl^'« ^ °*tA*t
duction. r       for another session wrth the usual dis-..
This gives to them absolute control g£. °* »«jdy   ceremonies by certain  »»m
•-  - -    . . . roval  -printu.ri llu. ni-.mui  iIiiiim '      •»   •»
( Mam •*>»«
complex   machinery,   were
developing out of the small hainhcni_»-
men owners of their small rr» 1
production, thit ccmdiiK'n 1 H_n_«
whtcb afforoed the peaant- ■ m -k*t
competence, had to be brokm »p
The modern hypocniKrai liewhrrien "I
the cspitaitM on platform, in llw iM<i>-'-
and pre**, raise the ery <>t con_-cs-
Hon" against the Soci*li*t. when he proposes to restore to labor the m-ant«
life out ot   which   capital   h.i*   "W*J
over the'labor of the workert and com-1*o^ptnonagts. The onerout dutiet
plete ownership of all the wealth they ;°„f __f *m* *«e »»ustrated by hit
produce. majesty   reading a speech   which had
The caoitalists are masters; the work- ;bfen •>reP*red. toJ h»n bv the capitalist
ers arc slaves d*** ot --*»*_**»'Kl—the real powers be-
The slaves work at command of the  h'nd. th* ***rone— *^iile a    number of,     . iu|  ,   U_H   .,.
masters   the latter    aoorooriatins;    the  tnled bam-1 *** oahie alleged tons of   ruing capitaiisi ciass, a
SS& ot A-K-bff**-*?* KSl«  M™r»™»o  ^TmulUtode  _^«5 ta«^_«_^of
That is all there ever was, is, or can |w"b ,w.e by,d*«:»,« «t*.ndance in abbe, to human slavery. ,jurdaiid blandish costuraea.   Reading
The character of the modern machin- I ******** the lines of   this    wonderful
ery of industry compels the workers to
work together.
By this means they are bound together into a huge industrial army, the
field of whose operations is world wide.
Bv the tame token they are trained,
disciplined and compelled to keep step
in the most powerful system of weaith
production the world has ever known.
'Ihev cannot cscane from it except
at the price of starvation.
royal speech it is gathered that the government intend to appease the threatening attitude of discontent on tbe part of
the English working people -, doing a stunt at sham fight with U. t
home for feeble-minded aristocrat:,
known as the Home of Lordt. As the
House of Lords is in some ways akin
to the Christian's devil--i. e., a convenient scape-goat for their own tint—
we feel that   thit venerable relic of a
The capitalisti command this huge la- i **** _P *>» not he much hurt m thc
bor army because they own the means V°****- -*■*•- , that the discontent of
upon which the workers depend for i En*«nd t working people will be too
their existence. I *[ron« to be appeased by these methods
This ownership is maintained by the !Xntn}.. "* **itny indications, and the
organized power of the state. j amblings of the social revolution which
It it expressc- through what is term- \ W,IJ *00"-*'" **••*, ---.er tweep all thit royal
ed government. *na. **emt-royal trash into oblivion alonr
By usinij" this nower to defend their
property rights in the resources of the
earth and the instruments of labor, the
capitalists secure to themselves complete
economic dominion over the workers.
Thev can command their services and
appropriate the products of their labor
without serious interference.
The enslavement of labor under such
circumstances it complete.
The wealth and power of the capitalists is ever on thc increase, the pedferty
and helplessness of the workers increasing along with it, and in like
It it the function of canital to take
EMtettion of the wealth produced by
No limit can be set upon this, short
of the seizure of the entire product.
CaniUl fulfils its mission hy taking
it all, even down to the latt farthing's
It is under no obligation to itt slaves
beyond furnithinjf the necessary sustenance when their tervices are required
to conduct itt operations,
Beyond thit the tlave hat no claim
entitled to consideration by any reasonable man.
Capital it in every tense Justified in
pinching thit tuttenance to the lowest
limit made possible by tbe exigencies of
tht slave,
-    —ig
with thc capitalist parasites who find
thelter under it and make of England
a home for her working people can even
now be heard and the indications are
that though the day of reckoning is
delayed it will nevertheless arrive
•   ♦  •
The readers of the daily press are
just now bring regaled with the details
of the latest society sensational murder
trial and scandal. A portrayal is given
of the doings of the idle rich, the
leisured class, in fact the upper crutt—
those who have never degraded themselves by doing a useful day's work —
and the depravity and degraded practices and relationshlns ditcloted are a
more emphatic indictment of this class
of useless parasites than could be voiced
hy the most acid-tongued critic who
ever assailed them. Such obscene conduct 11 a faithful mirror of thit degraded civilization which it bated on tlave
lalior and whote apex it just tuch a
clatt of ncrnicious and dehumanized
wretches as society journals proclaim
society" to be. Faugh! Who'll dig
us grave? - Proletary, in  Winnipeg
Though the German Socialists lost __
teats in the Reichttaf at the recent elec-
__i*5' made \WP of MO^OO in the
total vote over that of Xtta,
worth noting in thit wnwctica
just  what  ruthless meth<><l<. id
caiHm capital employed wl'"" l( "•"*•
into the world.
The  expropriation  of  the peasa-W
from the land in the interests "' <->c
as Mats uyt,   "
mankind in Inter* of fire and blood " .
One example of Uus method will *••"
fiee here, the clearing nwlr *>> *w
Duchess of Sutherland" «t the -Urn
man on her estate. The "■■■".•*c"!-**'-'
of the clan wa* only the titulai ■■'•*••
of the land just »» thr Qu-****V*.fX
land was the titular owner <■( -j" '•"-
national toil. On their own autluirity,
backed up by toldiers, they (the trprr
tentative* of the clan I transformed ttiru
nominal right into the actual right 01
private property. ,    . .
In thc eighteenth century the lv   '
out Gael* were driven fr»m th
force and compelled to g<> to
ami other manufacturing towm
land hy
l ,la -(I"**
interest of capitalist aMtPfihew can«
the tame time appropriated "'■'"■",
of land that had from time ""'•;'";
belonged to the clan, and to which to*
meanest clansmen had as much nt,"'
the chief. • ■;. ,,f the
Thit incident li^hancUr. »t.c ot j
whole procett.     Now, like the}"
tyttem which preceded it..''"* '•' „  ,0
mode of production is coming rapiu'**
W It°i_' .mothering in i.s own m;^
It movet men from one   "";;■„„.
another and from one **-_un,'fimlitj0r,s
other, only to reproduce the '"""
from which it seeks escape |iirn
True reactianariet, thev sick        ()f
back the clock of progress      • ^
of tociety long tince pwiw*- -'^
to return. ,  .    ,rt_i
The development of the too
duction  that compelled  1"
o( r-'v
itt  further    developn■'••';,   «   ,,1,llisin-
chauge from camlal'1''" ,nf lh(, „iestn
the collective ownership ol tw
of producing wealth. t,mEr,
'*"" *    '. _oin(" °"
A learned discuttion Uno* k   ukc
in tcientifk circle* as to
are    aalt."
vettigations will ****-> •>
ditcover why salt is tall
the '",
little ru"*her 8'U
It is  tobe.liop^';;.^ ...'..
Theee columns have been placed at
the disposal of the Party. Secretaries
of Locals are requested to take advantage of them ln. at Intervals, reporting condition* In their respective
localities. Communications under this
head should be addressed to the Dominion or Provincial Secretaries. _o-
. nl secretaries are further requested to
look to these columns for announcements from the Executive CoiiiniUt.es.
Hy this means the business of tbe
i'arty will be facilitated and the Dominion and Provincial sect-starlet
relieved of m Utile of the Increasing
burden of oorrospoqdenoe.
Membership cards, each  „.    .01
Application blanks    (witb platform) par 100   36
The committee being a stockholder io   too   co-operative    publishing
house of Chas. Kerr k Co.. can procure literature for the locals at cost
J, G. MORGAN. Secy
From a 1-tcture Delivered by Gabriel
Devtlle, in Paris, April 26, 1895,
Translated by Robert Rives Ln
Vancouver, B   C, Feb. IP-Present:
I winrades  Pritchard.  Dales,  Mills,  ,*vlc-
Kcruie.    Kingsley,    Mortimer and   the
Minutes read and adopted
lhe   following   -«irre*>|Kmdence
Undoubtedly the disappearance of
primitive communities, of societies based
on the gent, was a true progress, and
yet th**- "roduced—as I have just pointed out in the case of the Indians of
America—men endued, in general, with
.i moral superiority which the succeeding social organizations have been unable to attain in a like degree. Here,
it seems, there is a contradiction which,
as it requires some explanatory comments, leads me to say a word on a
(.'iicstiori raised before you by our eminent friend Jaures. 1 do not pretend
that there is any absolute urgency to
enter upon this question here; but 1
hope you will excuse the digression.
In our opinion, he has asked us, is
there progress in the inarch of human
development, and, if there is progress,
what is its cause? For his part, he
finds the required explanation in a pre-
ditpotition of the human mind to aspire toward the realization of righteousness.
Obviously there has lieen progress.
Rut it is not through aspiration toward
tlie realization of righteousness that this
progress has been accomplished. Although men had from the beginning a
more or less confused sentiment of justice, progress has been brought about
"^^^^^ thc
■    ■     ^^T_^-5-^__^__S-_5-_5-^^t_i3-S-^-^-^-ns-*s_fc_>-i        t
_^   WAS l    ^_^b__^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^_^__h
calt with:    Prom   Montreal," TofQOtO,  f**-**?1" •** -**■ sentiment nor by
Dawson  Locals;  from  National Sccre    •■•*•**■■*•*  manifestations    of the human
t-ry S. P. of U. S. A, enclosing   en- , conscience: and the propositions, which
the subject I am discussing today have
, led me to establish, furnish the proof of
j this. .
The extension of private property, as]
; well as the disappearance of the Kens,
which finally resulted from it constitut-
: ed, as I have said, an historical prog-
1 rcss; but, so far as concerns human dig-
| mty and morality, the extension of the
one and the disappearance oi the other,
(far  from constituting a progress, have
; resulted in a manifest degeneration. The
j most   desnicable  sentiments  then  made
: their appearance.    Greed, hypocrisy and
' false-speaking, induced by personal in-
■ ter est j over-excited  at  the expense  of
the primitive solidarity,   presided   over
, the ruin of the old organization and the
 appearance of classes.
^^^m _^_^_^_f AmWWt     From that moment to this, everv step
,PROVINCIAL EXECUTIVE COM- 'forward in the conquest of new productive powers by the penius of man, has
lieen the source of misfortunes for the
exploited masses. That which has been
a progress from the point of view ni
lhe evolution of human intelligence, that
which in itself should have been a good,
jiiiry from Own. W. Scott, Three Hills,
Alta., concerning formation of Local in
tluit locality; irom Com. H. Reich,
Montreal, enquiring as to address of
Local in that city.
Resolved that a series of pamphlets bc
issued by thc Committee, and a committee an«ointed to select such as may
l*e fouad suitable. Corns. McKenzie and
Morgan were appointed.
Dawson Loral
Toronto  l-ocal
^^^^\WT1 '•/--^__________1
Vancouver, 11. C. Feb. 19.—Regular
liu-iness meeting rreteM Comrades
Dales, Pritchard, Morgan, Mills, Kings-
ley a«.. tlie Secretary __^__^__^__^__^__^__^__^___ - •
Minutes of previous meeting read and baa too often, from thc point of view
• pproved oi   'ts   immediate   effect   upon men.
Correspondence dealt with from bong in fact a good for a
l/nrals i-hncnix, Udysmrth. Feniie, minority only, and an evil, a
Uossland, (■rcenwood. (irand Forks, i-'tirce of suffering for all others. Ihis
dara   Mt   Sicker  and Nanaimo. coin redid ion. this conversion of bless
C-fmrade "Stel-bitig*. appointed Treas- i"-"- into curses, which springs from the
urer  vice Comrade Dales, resigned exploitation of lhe majority is, so long
Decided to send out an Organizer in   as classes exist   tbe foundation of the
the Spring social order, and it will last as long as
Recall classes  and   the  exploitation that   they
Squamish Local $ •*"*-   ""ply shall exist.     And the dominant
Greenwood Local ...   I*-"0*-   >--ea, if it is necessary to specify one in
Rossland Local ••    4 00 ! particular, has  been  tlie striving  after
Grand I*brfca Local •••• <     .00 j individual  enrichment   rather  than  the
l'hoenix Local ...    *••■-••   tendency toward a more perfect justice.
Mara Loral ...... "...       200      Yc*-  ,-1*"rc "**  **-*••    Pr*"KT**s'*      •***
1  impawn Fund ...      8.00 i measure is the degree of knowledge at-
I lamed; its cause is the mental activity
[of men exerting itself on the materials
provided by the external environment,
j and developing in proportion to its ex-
| ertion and to thc increase in number
and complexity of thc materials at its
, disposition.
It would be impossible to attribute a
finer role to human intelligence,  since
man has thus been his own creator. For,
by elaborating at any given moment the
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_^_^_^__ | materials offered  him  by tlie  external
environment, he adds to those materials
In order to afford comrades an a„„ ,„ ,ms W4V makes possible for the
r»»y access to stsndard works on better trained, better equipped brain of
Socialism, tba committee hat decided ,*,r fmurc a new anil more perfect elab-
»o lay io a atock of literature. The („_iion. The brain has the faculty of
following are on hand and will be Wl,rking up the elements drawn from the
•••nt pott-paid to any addrets at environment, just as the digestive ap-
pricet quoted. Two-cent stamps; ptratua has the faculty of digesting. Bui
will b« accepted for sums not exceed- ,nc power of elaborating and the power
mg as cents: -**-^__^__^_.—
Total    $.13.23
Warrants ordered drawn to John T.
Mortimer for wage* as organizer during campaign, 25 days at $_-«o. $7500.
of digesting do not necessarily imply
elaboration and digestion. Iii order for
thee latter to take place, there is re-
QUititt something external to man, something more or less substantial, having
Independent objective reality, which
man only assimilates more or less thor-
j mighty and transforms.
I he nature of man being given, his
B0  action is above all dependent upon the
60   special character of the external envir-
; onnicnt in which he lives.    Hc can act
•96   mon this environment, transform it and
its   resources  and thereby  act
The Origin of Uw Pastlly
Kngels) , m ■«■ iini'iii*
The   Soelol   Revolution (Karl
Kautaky) -••■••••
The World'e Revolutions (Ernest Untermann)  -	
Tha BocUllaU.   who   they aro
and what    thay    etand for.
(John Spargo)  ~ •
The Evolution of Mas (Bolache)
Modem    loeUllHO   (Chaa. H.
Vail) „. 	
Class    Strugclea    ln    America
(A. X. Stmona)	
The  Communist    Mamfetto,
Karl Marx   ..to cents
S1nUf.r,|!iS,ift  A*"'-" centtllhoi-gh he" U "able tin, to .nodify the
t£UE «iu Working ^^:;:;i--S^!ltS\ftSt
vaaa. Toll   .«.».—.«~.~.~«-*—*-     "■ ,mi"" "' .    ,   ,„_„ ,i,„ ,i,.,m-nt*; of
S-£!!- "4 Tmm *** - 5 <-*•.I ff -3-3- nm^ap_
oX*_"-irt_ ---ii - *A»      *"  "• " """'"   **
•10 ; tt|Min those who shall conic after him
! and vvho w ill have as their determining
environment the new environment wliich
he will have aided in creating.     Yet,
to modify  the
he   has   lieen
{Vvioutlv acknowledged 	
■'"••rnir Locnl 1,0_0 Clarions . •
Wm. Davenport, Brantford —
Two Clarkm subs      *00
Locals in ridings where Sociulist
-"Wry candidates have been run should
t*mJ in fuu returHJ 0f ,he vote cast for
the various candidates as soo* as l>os-
tiblc to the Provincial Executive Com-
mittet tor tht purpose of tabulation.
IIS   Ul    tVUK.ll   ..*    	
and must simply take the elements of
his environment exactly as th—■ —
transmitted to him, but besides
whatever may be thc special intentions
and purposes that govern his action, thc
latter leads to iinforscen results. Just
as he cannot choose his starting-point,
,so he cannot control thc ultimate result
$34.1.35 :,vf his innovations.
"OO |    -|-|u, inventions and not the intentions
toil j of men have been the cause of progress.
f* Uf, in particular, thc intention to achieve
 more perfect justice—which could not
. ,,$281-15   have been the motive of many of those
I whou lalnirs have brought progress   to
| pass—had embodied itself in facts with
the advance of progress, those  whose
•    . i    .   4i,_„  „,„_,   neros-
I situation 11 such that they must neccs-
I tartly benefit by every increase of justice, the exploited, ought to have seen
ithe degree of their exploitation gradu-
;illv falling lower and lower. Now, it
I is just thc contrary that is proven for
each of the great periods of history. To
! take the situation of thc exploited
I masses during thc period of the wage-
system as an example, things, far from
going from better to better, have gone
from bad to worse.
Thi. will not be doubted by those
who do not limit themselves to comparing absurdly the mode of life of the
laDorer of todav with the mode of life
of the laborer of former times. It is
ridiculous to draw an argument from a
comparison of the life of the working-
class only at two different periods—one
in which the non-satisfaction of wants
is due to the fact that the wants themselves arc unknown and unfelt, and the
other in which the same wants have
been acquired and cannot be satisfied.
What should be compared in order to
estimate exactly the change for the better or the worse are the respective
economic positions of thc capitalists and
the wage-workers at the two periods.
At all events, it cannot be denied by
those who have—and 1 am of the number—the smallest possible tendency to
make themselves thc apologists of thc
past, that the wages of the man sufficed
in former times for the support of the
whole family, and that today there
must be added to those wages those of
the wife and the child to enable the family to live no better relatively to the
conditions of life normal now and then.
The result of progress has been to
increase thc knowledge and power of
man, to multiply the forces at his service and to extend the possibility of
more comfortable living and fuller development. The possibility of greater
comfort, ] said, but, alas, the realization of this comfort is possible only to
a minority, and for the majority it is
too often a source of new suffering.
Such is the contradictory result of
progress. And from the dawn of civilization, from the time when classes and
with them the rudiments of this new institution, thc State, began to exist, down
tp the present hour when classes still
persist, human development has been
unable to escape from this contradiction.
It is certain that if wc judge this development in its entirety, from the point
of view of the more elevated conception of justice made possible, suggested at the present day by
a disinterested observation of the material possibilities, we cannot fail to find
that the facts, no longer weiehed by the
results that they have had to the injury of certain categories of persons,
but taken in the mass and considered in
themselves, are more nearly in harmony
with this conception as we approach
more nearly the time when this conception shall be able to impose itself
upon humanity, and if this were not so
it would be a cause for surprise.
But it is also certain that, under the
regime of classes, civilization inexorably
implies the exploitation of certain classes
by others and that, therefore, the progress accomplished, especially in the
mode of production, instead of being
immediately beneficial to all, is an assured benetit to a minority only, and is
often an immediate ill for many—for all
those notably whose former means of
existence are destroyed without compensation by a technical improvement. The
latter, the exploited, under the blow of
this new evil, struggle to rid themselves
of it. Frequently, not grasping the
cause of this but too real evil, they attribute it to a scientific discovery, to a
machine for instance, instead of putting
thc blame where it belongs, upon the
mode of appropriation of the results of
science. This conflict more or less
ably waged, which would not exist if
the conditions of life for all classes
were constantly improving, justifies the
words of Marx: "It is the bad side
(of human nature) which produces the
movement that makes history, by engendering conflict."
This conflict is precisely—and here I
return to the true subject of this lecture—the efficient reason for the persistence of the State.
As soon as there are in a society a
possessing class and a dispossessed class,
there exists in that society a constant
source oi collisions which the social organization would not long resist, if
there was not a power charged with
maintaining, to use the consecrated
phrase, the "established order," charged,
in other words, with the protection of
the economic situation of the possessing party, and therefore with the duty
of ensuring the submission of the dispossess.... party. Now, from its very
birth, this has been the role of the State.
An organ of conservation, the offspring ol struggles or threats of struggles between conflicting interests, conflicting tiecause of the antagonism of
material conditions, born—as we have
seen—with the division of society into
classes, the State has evolved with the
development of that division, i. e., in
short, with the economic relations
which form the basis of that division;
but, under thc various appearances it
has worn, its object has remained thc
same because ever since the appearance
of classes, it has always had a privileged
economic situation to defend and conflicts to repress. When it is known
that the State is a claw-instrument it is
easy to understand whence comes its
character of relative permanence which
bourgeois writers point out without explaining.
Thus M. Charles Benoist writes: "In
the notion of the State the moderns
have introduce- a new element—permanence" Why have the moderns 'introduced" this new element? These are
the questions to which in M. Benoist
you will find no response. M. Charles
Benoist, I repeat, shows that it is there;
he docs not explain it. "The French
State," he continues "is the same under this third Republic as under Napoleon I., under Louis XIV., under
Henry IV. and under Charles V. It is
true the government changes its form
by revolutions, and its personnel by the
mere lapse of time, but the government
is not the State: it is only the envelope
and, as it were, thc clothing of the
State ... it changes, while the State
does not change. One of the chief
traits of the State, perpetuity, or at
least long duration, government docs
not have. . . Government is that
which passes away in the State which
abides. Governments, indeed, are like
the hours, the successive periods, the
phases of the evolution of the State",
Here we have affirmations exact In
substance, if not always in form. Yet,
in my judgment, they are comprehensible only to those who know what it
is that it permanent in the State and
the reason of that nennanence, only to
those wlw) know, to put it differently,
1 that the State is, under its varying
forms, a class-instruinent    which   has
lasted and will last on that account so
long as there have been and so long as
there shall be classes.
He who understands and admits this,
will readily and clearly see, I do not
say, and I beg that no one will represent me as saying, thc uselessness of
changes in governmental forms or constitutions, but tbe naivete of expecting
from these changes results that it is impossible for them to give, lt is now
possible to gauge the candor of our inflexible radicals who attach so much
importance to pure questions of form
and proclaim such a strong intellectual
antipathy for our collectivist theory, although they can view with complacency
the farcical middle-class attempts to
make thc State the impartial protector
of capital and labor alike.
I have pointed out to you the genesis
of the State and shown you its necessary, inevitable character. 1 have
striven, in a word, to justify the terms
of the definition given in the first part
of thia lecture. Whether or not I have
succeeded in my task, you must at least
have been convinced that the Socialist
definitions are not arbitrary. Our opponents may very legitimately discuss
them and attempt to prove that our
terminology is wrong. That which they
have no right to do is to attack Socialism without taking the pains to know
clearly and definitely the meaning that,
rightlv or wrongly, it gives to the words
that it employs. By disdaining this
elementary precaution, they expose
themselves to the most ridiculous confusion and waste their time in combatting something quite different from
that which the Socialists defend.
This has happened in the case of capital. In order to understand what we
mean bv the suppression of capital, one
must know that capital is for us a character which the means of production
have taken on under given, definite social conditions, and which they may
lose without affecting their existence in
the slightest. It is just the same in the
case of the wage-system and wages. The
latter term cannot, according to us, be
applied to an* system of remuneration
whatsoever, but only to a mode of remuneration presupposing surplus-labor.
It is just the same finally in the case
of the word State, which means, in our
opinion, a system of social organization
which implies necessarily the division of
society into classes.
It is not by caprice—it seems to me
that I have furnished you the proof of
this in the case of the State—that Socialists give such or such a meaning to
such or such a word. Of course, they
may be mistaken; but one can reasonably criticize their theories only by using words in the same sense that they
At bottom I am not far from thinking
that this ignorance of our definitions is
wilful ienorance. It must be more easy
to refute that which we do not say and
which they put in our mouths, than that
which we do say and which they ignore. There are some ideas incompatible with the tranquil security of the
possessing class, the class controlling
production and power. Among these
ideas, the ideas of surplus-labor and of
the existence of distinct classes are particularly repugnant to those who profit
by just those conditions. They feel
that the mere divulcation of the secret
of their nower is an impairment of that
power, and the very truth contained in
our definitions appears to them a danger. And so, not content with avoiding this truth in their own definitions,
they avoid it—so far as they are able
to—in ours. In order to confound us
the more triumphantly, they first
change the meaning of our words, then,
after the words, thev trav * our
ideas, and then they have no trouble to
demonstrate the absurdity of the fabrications they attribute to us.
(Continued Next Issue)
The publishers of the Western Clarion
have orders upon the National Sewing
Machine Company (see advertisement
in another column) for three $65.00
sewing machines which are taken on advertising account. These orders will
be disposed of at an extremely reasonable figure. Thc machines will be
shipped direct to purchasers from the
company's factory. To any one living
in the United States an opportunity is
thus afforded to obtain an up to date
$05.00 sewing machine at reasonable
cost. To a Canadian purchaser, owing to that wise paternal blessing known
as the tariff, the duty would be added
to the cost.
Any one wishing to obtain a machine
will bc furnished full particulars by addressing the publishers,
Box 830,
Vancouver, B. C.
The regular business
meeting of Vancouver
Local No. i, Socialist
Party of Canada formerly
held in Cambie St. headquarters will be held next
Monday evening in Sullivan Hall Cordova St.
Very important business is to come before the
meeting and every member is requested to attend.
Frederick Perry, Secy
For The
Campaign Fund.
Having been anthnrteed by
tbe publishers of tbe Western
Clarion to receive sobs at tbe
regalar rate—$1.00 per year
and apply one ball of all money
receive- to the Central Campaign Fond, you are earnestly
requested to assist in swelling
tbis land by sending yoor sobs
direct to mo. Either renewals
or new sabs, to be taken for a
period of not less than one year.
Yonrs for a generous Campaign Fond which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 21. 1907.
Notice ia hereby given that, 60
days a.ter date I Intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section 25, Township 8, Range 5,
Coast District, Buckley Valley.
Vancouver, B.C., Jan. 21, 1907.
Notice is 'hereby given tbat, 60
days after date I intend to apply to
the Hon. Commissioner of Lands and
Works for permission to purchase
Section 5, Township 6, Range 5,
Coast District. Buckley Valley.
days after date 1 intend to apply to tne Hon.
Chicf Commissioner of Lands and Works for
a special license to cut and cany away timber from ihe following described lands in
Coast District:
1. Commencing at a post planted on the
west side of Rivers Inlet, at the north end of
Schooner Pass, about a mile and a half from
Beaver Cannery; thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, to place of commencement.
t. Commencing at a post planted on the
west side of No. 1, running west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains, to point of commencement.
Agent for Frank Vandall'and H.  H.  Fu'hr.
Vancouver,  B. C-, Feb.  ?th,  1907.
gAT Every local ot the Socialist
Party of Coma*** __o«ld rum a eard
under thia head. 91.00 par mo-U.
Secretarlee pleaae aot*.
British Colombia Provlnctal Executtv*
Committee, Socialist Party of Canada. Meets every alternate Tuesday. D. G. McKenzie, Secretary,
Box 836, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Ooauotuee, Socialist Party of Canada. Matt*
every alternate Tuesday. 3. O.
Morgan, Secretary, 661 Barnard
Street, Vancouver. B. C.
Local Vancouver, No. 1, g. P. of Caa-
ada. BusLncaa meetings every
Monday evening at headquarters,
U-gleei-e Block. Sit Cambie Street,
(room 1, second floor). JBduca-
tional meetings every Sunday at I
p. m., tn Sullivan Hall, Cordova
Street. Frodartc Parry. Secretary,
Box tM, Vancouver. BL C
Local Toronto, S. P. of C—Meets every Sunday 3 p. m. at Davis Hall,
corner Queen and Spadina Avenues. F. Dale, Secretary, 41
Henry Street. Finnish Branch
meets Sunday nights, same hall.
Jewish Branch, Sunday nights, at
185 1-2 Queen St. West.
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C-
every Sunday, in Trades Hall, at
2:30 p. m. J. Coxon, Secretary, 226
Princess St, Winnipeg, Man.
Local Nelson, S. P. of C—Meets every Friday evening at 8 p.m., in
Miners' Union Hall, Nelson B. C
A. W. Harrod, Organizer.
Notice is hereby given that sixty days after
date « intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for special license to cut and carry away timber on the
following described  lands  in   Rupert  District
8. Commencing at the N. E. corner of section i» marked Imperial Timber and Trading
Company's Northwest corner, thence 80 chains
South, tbence 80 chains East, thence 80
chains North, thence 80 chains West to point
of commencement
S. Commencing at a point one-half mile
Eaat of the Northeast corner of section 29.
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
1«0 chains, tbence East 40 chains, thence
South 100 chains, thence West 40 chains l«
point of commencement.
4. Commencing at the same point as No.
3 marked tbe Southeast corner post, thence
North 160 chains, thence West 40 chains,
thence South ISO chains, thence Eaat 40 chains
to point of commencement.
5. Commencing at a point about one-half
mile West from the Northeast corner of section 19, marked Southwest corner post, thence
North 180 chains, thence East 40 chains,
thence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains, to point of commencement
t. Commencing at the same point as No.
5, marked Southeast corner post, tbence North
ISO chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement
?. C-mm_ncing at a post near tbe N. E.
corner of Section 83, marked the N. W. corner poat, thence South 80 chains, thence East
80 chains, thence North 80 chains, thence
West 80 chains, to point of commencement
9. Commencing at a point one-half mile
West of the N. W. corner of section 16,
marked Southwest corner post, thence North
160 chaina, thence East 40 chains, thence
South 160 chaina, thence west 40 chains to
point of commencement
10. Commencing at tbe same point aa No.
9, marked the S. E. corner post, thence N'urih
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chaina, thence East 40 chains to
point of caoimencement.
11. Commencing at the same point as  No.
10, marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains,
thence North' 160 chains, thence Weat 40
chains to point of commencement
15. Commencing at the aame point as No.
11, marked the N. E corner post tbence
South 160 chains, thence Weat 40 chains,
thence North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains
lo point of commencement
18. Commencing at the Southeast corner of
Scctoin 10, marked the N. K. corner post,
thence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains, Ihence North 160 chaina, thence East
40 chains to point of commencement.
14. Commencing at the same point as No.
IS, and marked the S. E. corner, thence North
160 chaina, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, tbence East 40 chains to
point of commencement.
16. Commencing a half a mile West of the
S. E. corner of Section 20, marked the N. E.
corner post, thence South 160 chains, thence
West 40 chains, thence North 160 chains,
thence Fast 40 chains to point of commencement.
16. Commencing at the same point as No.
15. marked the S. K. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chaina, thence East 40 chains to
point of commencement.
19. Commencing at the S.E. cor. of sec. 16,
marked the N. W. corner post, thence
South 80 chains, thence East 80 chains, thence
North 80 chains, thence West 80 chains to
point of commencement
SO. Commencing at a point one-half mile
West of the S. W. comer of Section 20,
marked the N. W. corner post, thence South
160 chains,thence East 40 chains, thence North
160 chaina, thence West 40 chains to (Mint of
81.   Commencing at the  same   jvoint  as  in
No. 20, marked the N.  E. corner post, thence
South   160   chains,   thence   West   40   chains,
thence North 180 chains, thence East 40 chains
\ to point of commencement.
12. Commencing at the same point as
No. 21, marked the S. W. corner post, thence
North 160 chains, thence East 40 chains.
thence South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains to point of commencement.
28. Commencing at the same point as No
22, marked Ihe S. K. corner post, thence North
160 chains, thence West 40 chains, thence
South 160 chains, thence East 40 chains 0
point of commencement.
24. Commencing at a point near the N. E.
corner of Section 81, marked the N. E. cor-
ner post, thence South 80 chains, thence Wist
80 cliains, Ihence North 80 chains, tbence East
SO chains to point of commencement.
ii. Commencing at the N. t. corner of
Section 28, marked tbe S. —. corner post,
thence West 160 chains, thence North 40
chains, thence East 160 chains, thence South
40 chaina to point of commencement
26. Commencing at a point half a mile
East of the S. W. corner of Section 27, T'p.
la, marked the S. E. corner post, tbence
North 160 chaina, tbence West 40 chains,
tbence South 160 chains, thence East 40 chair-
to point of commencement
27. Commencing at a post about one
mile S. of tbe S. W. corner of Section
15, T'p. 14, marked tbe N. W. corner post,
thence S. 80 chains, thence E. 80 chains,
thence N. 80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, to
point of commencement
28. Commencing at the same point as No.
27, marked the N. E. corner poat, tbence S.
80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, tbence N. 80
chains, thence E. 80 chains, to point of com-
29. Commencing at a point about two
miles S. of the S. W. corner of Section 20,
marked the N. VV. corner post, thence S. 160
chains, thence E. 40 chains, thence N. 160
chains, thence W. 40 chains, to point of commencement
30. Commencing at the same point as
No. 29, marked the N. East corner post, tbence
S. 160 chains, tbence W. 40 chains, thence
N. 160 chains, thence E. 40 chains, to point
of comr-f-rem.nl.
31. Commencing at a post near the N. W.
corner of Section 13, marked tbe N. W. corner post, thence South 160 chains, tbence
East 40 chains, thence North 160 chains,
thence West 40 chains, to point of commencement
32. Commencing at the same point as  No.
31, marked the N. E. corner post, thence
South 160 chains, thence West 40 chains,
tbence North 160 chains, thence East 40
chains, to point of commencement
33. Commencing at the same point as No.
32, marked the S. W. corner post, thence
North 160 chains, tbence East 40 chains,
thecce South 160 chains, thence West 40
chains, to point of commencement.
34. Commencing at the same point as No.
33, marked the S. E. corner post, thence
North 160 cliains, thence West 40 chains,
tbence South 160 chains, thence East 40
chains, to point of commencement.
35. Commencing near the S. W. corner
of Section 22, marked the S. W. corner post,
tbence N. 80 chains, thence E 80 chains,
tbence S. 80 chains, thence W. 80 chains, to
point of commencement
36. Commencing at tbe same point as No.
35, marked the S. E. corner post, thence
N. 160 chains, tbence W. 40 chains, thence
S. 160 chains, thence E. 40 chains to point
of commencement
37. Commencing at a point about one mile
S. of the S. W. corner of Section 8_. marked
tbe S. E. corner post, tbence W. 80 chains,
thence N. 80 chains, thence E. 80 chains,
tbence S. 80 cliains to point of commencement
38. Commencing at the same point as  No.
37, marked the NT W. comer post, thence S.
160 chaina, thence E. 40 chains, Ihence N.
160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, to point of
39. Commencing at the same point as No.
38, marked tbe N. E. corner post, thence S.
160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, tbence N.
IM chains, thence E. 40 chains to point of
40. Commencing at a point near the S. W.
corner of Section 21, marked the S. E. corner post, thence N. 80 chains, thence W. 80
chains, tbence S. 80 chains, thence E. 80
chains, to point of commencement
41. Commencing about one mile N. from
tbe N. W. corner of Section 17, marked Ibe
S. E. corner post, thence N. 80 chains, thence
W. 80 chains, thence S. 86 chains, thence E,
80 chains, to point of commencement
42. Commencing at a point about one mite
S. of the S. E. corner of Section 20, marked
the S. E. corner post, thence W. 160 chains,
thence N. 40 chains, thence E. 160 chains,
thence S. 40 chains, to point of commencement
43. Commencing at a point about 3 miles
South of the S. E. comer of Section 19,
marked the S. W. corner post thence North
80 chains, thence East 80 chains, tbence
South 80 chains thence West 80 chains, to
point of commencement
44. Commencing at the same point as No.
43, marked the N. W. corner post, thence S.
160 chains, thence E. 40 chains, tbence N.
160 chains, thence W. 40 chains, to point
of commencement.
45. Commencing at a point about two and
s half miles S. of the S. E. corner of Section
24, marked the N. E. corner post, thence
W. 160 chains, thence S. 40 chains, thence
E. 160 chains, thence N. 40 chains, to point
of commencement.
46. Commencing at a point near Ihe S. W.
comer of Section 22, marked the N. W. corner post, thence S. 80 chains, Ihence E. SS
chains, thence N. 80 chains, thence W. SO
chains, to point of commencement.
47. Commencing at a point near the S. W.
corner of Section 18. T'p. 13, marked tbe N.
W. corner post, thence South ISO chains,
thence East 40 chains, thence Narth 160
chains, thence West 40 chsins, to* point of
commencement. '
48. Commencing at a point near the N. W.
corner of Section 18, marked the S. E. corner post, thence North 80 chains, tbence West
80 chains, thence South 80 chains, thence East
80 chains, to point of commencement.
'Dated   at   Vancouver.   B.   C,   February   13th,
■ '.*"■ .J.
,,nmnMttmmmm*mmmtit,iumi m FOtfr
. •* i
tn W-urcmi ol-JUQ-j, viKoOtrvtf, ifcrnaM oohjubu.
SAltrtDAY,  FEBRUARY _3. <w
Bdttad by R. T*. P*_TT_-_«OB, to unsown aU oorr-spondenc- for this department should be •ddreased.
The peoole of the United States are
duped yearly into spending $100,000,000
on patent medicines. They buy these
medicines with the assurance that they
will get well. They use them with the
certainty that their appetites will become depraved and their nealth ruined.
It has been proven that alcohol, cocaine,
morphine, acetanilid and other injurious drugs are plentifully used in these
mixtures. But the patent medicine
graft is only one of the curses under
which capitalism lays humanity. Only
one of a hundred curses equally great!
Within forty years the Socialist vote
of the world has grown 23,333 per cent.
In 1867 it was 30,000; ia 1S»7, -94,000 ;
in 1897, 913,000. During the next six
years it jumped up to 2,585,000. FiV.
years later it amounted to four and a
Half millions. In 1903 it equalled 6,-
285,000, and in 1905 passed the 7,000,-
000 mark. Pull out your pencil and
Calculate what it will be in 1912.
If your next-door neighbor bad
typhoid fever in his house, kept mum
and invited, boarders to share the same
roof with him, what would you think
of him? Yet such a thing is done in
the United States on a colossal seal-
Typhoid fever is eoidemic in Pittsburg,
yet the papers of that city suppress
mention of it. San Francisco concealed the bubonic plague which ravaged
its citizens four or five years ago.
Many towns in the Middle West, says
Ridgway's Magazine, suppress the fact
that they are afflicted with small-pox.
Now, why is the health of the nation
thus jeopardized? It is because the
local business interests fear that their
trade will diminish through people
moving from the town and strangers
keeping away! Now, the merchants
are the advertising patrons of the local
newspapers and thus are able to dictate
what the press shall and shall not print.
***»♦♦       *     *     *     »
Agitation, education, organization.
Those are the words which should disturb the repose of the Socialist. At
present they are the most important
words in the propaganda of American
Socialism, and should be written with
capitals. Upon the walls of everv local thev should be found, for they express emphatically the work upon which
we Socialists should concentrate our efforts, the necessity which    we   should
keep ever before us.
******       ***
In Germany. Italy, France, Belgium
and other European countries, the Social-Democratic movement is confronted
with political and tactical questions
which its parliamentary position compels it to face. But in this country we
have only one question to solve and that
is, how can the public in general, and
tiie working class in particular, be imbued with the philosophy of Socialism
and won over to our movement? Socialism in the United States is yet a
missionary enterprise. It stands for
principles which the great bulk of thc
nation ignore or reject, because they
either misunderstand or do not know of
it It has a great world of heathendom
to win over to the light and how to
convert the heathen is the problem before every member of the party.
■ o
Why do saloon-men sell "dope" at
aU hours, to all people, until they are
dead drank*?
Why do soldiers pawn their liberties,
their wills and their consciences to the
government for a pittance?
Why do "pete-men" break into safes
and steal their contents?
Why do men steal and graft and
swindle and commit crime?
Why do women sell their flesh?
Is it not because the struggle for existence compels them to debase themselves in order to make a living? Would
they 'do so in a society where there
would be no incentive for dishonesty?
It is frequently objected to Socialism
that it will put an end to progress by
removing the incentive of gain. It is
argued tbat progress is the off-spring
of competition; that rivalry compels
men to cudgel their brains for ways
of out-distancing their fellows; in
short, that necessity is the mother of
A plausible objection this, but one
that will not stand examination. In
the first mace, the incentive of gain is
not entirely removed. To the inventor
and innovator there will always remain
the gain of tbe world's esteem, the gain
of self-approval. To society there will
accrue advantages from every improvement in the machinery of production,
and these advantages will be sought as
eagerly as now.
But a more effective answer to the
critic of Socialism is mention of what
governments are now doing for industrial progress. In manufactures government-paid scientists are constantly tl
work delving into chemistry and the
utilitarian sciences that they may discover new methods of nrorluction and
make them known to manufacturers all
oyer the land. In education they seek
to improve the schools and pedagogy,
aad it is admitted on aU side" that the
common school is unsurpassed by private institutions. It is doubtful if the
postal service would be superior
to what it now is if it had been left to*
private enterprise. But it is in agriculture that one sees most clearly the nature of collective enterprise. The de
partment of  agriculture conducts  ex
tions  into the possibilities ut the sou I    ONE THING AND ANOTHER.
and the best method, ot cultivating it, I _        _   	
scatter*, broadcast aiiiumr tiie larmers I The New York Herald out of its
agricultural literature, employs itinerant j reservoir of wisdom utters a note of
protestors to leacu tne ruiai population, j warning with regard to the proposed in-
and introduce, irom aoroau _iu.ui:> ma.; tericrencc by adverse legislation with
may he cumvated successiuny in ine the soon of horseracin- as carried on
t-iut-U "suites, ihere is no i-^»on lor j in that supposedly ti.ht little, tight little,
believing inai sucu twerpf—w will Cease
under _*ucaii_m.—IV. a. imtcr.
At the regular meeting ot Local Ro.s
laud, b. tf. ot _., held let), iirtn, u v.a.
ordcrcd tiut Kcnuetn Aiartii. iioici-
kepcr, age AS, and J. K. .Morrison, miner, aged 27, be expelled from our Local
and tneir names .irickcn irom our roil,
and also tnat they be published in tne
Western Clarion, lhe above nameo
parties joined our Local previous to tne
late provincial campaign, but when tne
campaign came on they turned traitors
to our party, broke their pledge oi membership and acepted positions, Martin as
chairman, and .Morrison as secretary' ot
the Liberal campaign committee.—
Archie F. berry.
:s-_,:!d, Great  Britain.     It appears, and
< is doubtless true, that a vast sum   of
i money is spent on "the sport of Kings*'
[and that a great number of workers are
I employed ami  depend on the unliam-
| pered  continuation  of this  sport    for
' their  subsistence.       An    even greater
'■ amount  is spent in the  U.  S.  A. on
| tiorseracing than in Great Britain, hence
the alarm of the Herald lest the contagion of interference should spread to
ihis side of the water and many    be
thrown out of employment
******      ****
The figure given as being the cost of
horseracing in Great Britain, to the
owners of the horses, is $5,366,750,
added to which is another $1,000,000,
the estimated cost of maintaining the
grandstands, courses, etc. Needless to
say, the New York Herald does not tell
us where the money comes from that is
so lavishly spent upon the nimble equine
but the figures show tiiat only the
wealthy can afford to keep horses for
sport, lt is well known that a workingman who keens a horse keeps him to
help him earn his subsistence. It is
obvious, therefore, that the wealth spent
in   maintaining   aristocratic     equities,
There are many people who think that
if industry is put on a proiitable basis,
that is good prices can be obtained, for
the commodities sold by the owners of < trainers, jockeys and other horsey gen-
these industries, the workers who oper
ate them will in some mysterious way
benefit, ln other words, that the ability of the caoitalist to pay good wages
necessarily means that he will do so.
The following uble taken from the Toronto Weekly Sun should help to disillusionize them somewhat lt shows in
detail how much the Ontario Iron
Works paid in wages in each year from
1.Q1 to 1904 inclusive, and how much
thev received in Dominion and Provincial bounties in the same time:
Year. Waees.      Bounties.
1900 % 97,915   $155,633.20
1901 274,554     259,536.13
1902 510,107     349,836.13
1903 283,928     311,383.80
1904 539,482       270,730.05
Labor unionists of Tennessee favor
legislation which will require the labeling of all penitentiary-made goods. Just
why this distinction betwixt goods made
„     _.      by slaves inside or outside of the "pen"
perimental farms, prosecutes investiga-1 ha* not bean made dear.
$1,705,986 $1,347,139.31
This shows that tlie governments paid
eighty per cent, of their wage bill. The
amount ot profit can only be conjectured, but inasmuch as their competitors
in the U. S. were raking in huge dividends   without    governmental    aid,   it
must have been of mighty volume. Now,
these bounties came from the taxation
levied by the government on the other
capitalists  of the  Dominion  and  were
paiu out of the profits gotten out of
their workers, and therefore these other
capitalists  naturally   resent  this   unfair
appropriation of their plunder.    It does
not, however,    concern    the    workers
whether or not these bounties were _*_id.
If they had not been paid and the iron
industry  had  not  been  established  in
Canada, they would merely have had to
seek employment from a United States
capitalist instead of a Canadian labor
skinner, and the amount of their wages
would have been practically the   same.
The worker being in all essence a commodity, he is subject to the inexorable
laws  that  govern  the  production  and
sale of commodities.    Commodities exchange one with the other on the basis
of the amount of necessary social labor
time embodied in each. Let us for the
sake of illustration suppose all wealth
to be represented by loaves bf bread.
One loaf we will suppose keeps a workingman one day.   Two hours of the labor time of a worker equipped with up-
to-date machinery is expended in pro
during one loaf of bread.    Therefore,
the loaf of bread and the day's labor
power of a worker will exchange equally one wifh the other.    The _ me piece
of money will buy each. But the expenditure of ten hours labor power of tlie
worker produces five loaves.    Four goes
to the owner of the machinery of wealth
production in profit   and one to the
worker in wages.    Let us further suppose an invention in the machinery owned by the capitalist Which will enable
the worker to produce ten loaves instead of five in the same length of time.
Will the worker get more loaves for
wages because of his increased    product?    Nol    Because one is enough to
keep him one day.   The remaining nine
go to the master in protit.    Now, why
cannot he demand more?   Because lie
has to have access to the machinery. If
he goes on strike there is another unemployed worker ready to take his place.
The development and perfection of the
tools of wealth production are displacing
workers in ever increasing quantities.
The reserve army of the unemployed
grows apace in every capitalist country.
Where there is local scarcity such as is
alleged by our capitalist henchmen exists in this province,**it is quickly remedied by governmental agencies transporting surplus labor from other parts.
While the present mode of wealth production exists the condition   of labor
cannot be remedied.    While it remains
a commodity it must be subject to the
laws that govern its production no .matter what misery and suffering it may
have to endure.    There is only one way
out—the conquest of the public power
by   the    revolutionary     proletariat —
—and through that agency thc transformation of the machinery of production from its function of capital exploiting wage labor for profit to that of tool*
operated by a nation of free men producing wealth for their own use.
tlemen is spent by members of the idle
class, who first suck it from the life-
blood of the working class and imedi-
atcly become philanthropists when for
their own pleasure thev incidentally
furnish  the  means  of  subsistence    to
sundry members of that class.
******      ****
If *•**■ workers from whom this identical wealth was squeezed had received
it, they would have "spent" it on various necessaries or luxuries and employment for many, otherwise unemployed,
in the production of these necessaries
and luxuries would have followed. The
number of unemployed would not have
increased by the abolition of horseracing if this remedy were put into force.
But the wealth squandered on horses is
only a minute fraction oi the proceeds
of robbery. Shouid every worker receive all he produces extravagance on
thc part of an idle class would cease
entirely and the dire necessity of working or starving would face the idlers
just as it faces us dav by day. Extravagance among the well-to-do is daily
deplored and daily is the same apology
offered as for horse racing, and daily is
the true remedy ignored by the capital
ist press. Let every worker receive the
full value of his product and every one
have access to the means of wealth production and this world would be so
nearly a paradise as to put the sky pilots
out of business. They, too, would have
to work. Horrible dictu! And this
state of things may be brought about at
any time by the working class taking
possession of the means of production
created bv itself and using the same for
its own benefit. No more dividing up
the product of toil between the idler and
the worker in which the worker always
gets the light side of the balance
******       •*
The press is still filled with reports
of the fuel famine general throughout
the prairie provinces. A shining ex
amp!« of how the practical business
men of capitalism provide for the needs
of the community!
******      •***
In the meantime so great is the de
mand for diamonds that the De Beers'
monopoly has been enabled to put the
price up & per cent, and swell still more
its alreadv swollen coffers. A strange
world this! In every large city and
many other places men and women living in the direst poverty unable to obtain sufficient food and clothing, to
say nothing of fuel; in other parts men
and women able to buy but unable to
obtain fuel, and in some parts such a
plethora of wealth as to allow of millions being squandered on horseracing,
diamonds, monkey dinners and the like,
and amid a medley of reformers, trust
busters and others of that ilk all engaged in endeavoring to cure the ills
afflicting their particular stratum of society, there is only one with a remedy
that at one swoop will abolish these
unnecessary anomalies—the Socialist.
Trust busters, tariff reformers, parsons,
etc., have one thing in common—hatred
of the Socialist. Amidst all the wordy
warfare of these genial gentlemen that
is about the only thing they have in
common. It does not trouble the Socialist any. He can stand it.
*,*****      **•*
We are informed by "the paper that
prints the facts that blackmailing _
rampant in England. Now, blackmailing is a dirty business and blackmailers are scoundrels and well deserve
any punishment meted out to them. But
why this virtuous indignation of the
capitalist press anent blackmailing when
the equally dirty work of police, politicians, military and other scum is allowed to pass unquestioned? The former is not necessary to sustain thc capitalist system; as a matter of fact it is
rather a detriment, and is therefore
highly immoral and is a safe subject to
denounce, but the latter kind of dirty
work is generally considered necessary
to salvation and is therefore highly
right and proper Such a piece of
scoundrelism as the kidnapping of
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone has
lieen declared perfectly legal hy the
highest court of the United States and
in Canada millions of acres, which supposedly belong to the community now
and hereafter, are given to railroad corporation* and political favorites by
those that have no title in them save the
robber title of capitalism. Great is the
morality of capitalism and great are the
fruits thereof.
Query? If it is illegal for owners of
grain elevators to pool their recipts,
what becomes of the holy motto that a
man may run his business in his own
As long as grain growers and farmers generally vote to support the capitalist system thev must expect to be
robbed right and left, for is not capitalism founded on robberv? If relief is
obtained at one point the screw will but
be turned on at another and thc end will
be the same: the average farmer will
continue to work and the plutocrats will
gather in the cream of the harvest.
•     •*••*       ♦♦♦*
Goldwin Smith is greatly disturbed
lest some measure of self government
should be granted to Inula bv the present British government. He declares
that to bestow on India a republican
form of government or anything like the
British constitution would be madness.
Much the same kind of remarks have
been made with regard to other nations. Spain doubtless had that idea
in connection with Brazil, Argentine et.
al., but these countries seem to have
done well enough, or at least as well as
many other countries more "advanced,"
since liberating themselves from the
Spanish yoke. What title has Great
Britain to withhold from India the
right to govern herself? Merely the
title of conquest, a conquest which has
gone down to history as one of most
shameless treachery and robbery. India
is a juicy morsel for a horde of English officials and pensioners living on
wealth produced bv one of the most
poverty stricken people of the world. It
is stated on good authority that famine
presses less hardly, that deaths are fewer, in the native states than in the states
completely under British rule. This
might seem to thc uninitiated trat government in India was a curse,
but to a loyal and patriotic professor it may look differently, if,
indeed, he has ever taken the trouble
to find out the facts concerning topics
of which he writes so glibly.
against the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.,
Ltd., for not taking proper precautions
to safeguard the lives and limbs of its
employees, and we call upon all workers, in the name of those bereaved oi
husbands, sons and fathers, to speedily
arise and forever abolish such a
damnable system which is responsible
for so much suffering and misery and
which las made the mine* of Coal
Creek like unto a Shamble*.
And be it further resolved, that we
instruct thc secretary to send a copy of
this resolution  to  the   family  of mir
late- comrade   and   also to the Western
Clarion and the Fernie Ledger for publication.   (Signed)
Protest Committee.
At Ymir General Hospital a trained
nurse, wages $40.00 per month.
For further information write to
.Secretary  Ymir General Hospital
P. O. Drawer 500, Ymir, H. C
No Wonder   the   Workers   of   Fernie
Want a Giange in the Form of
Property  Ownership.
As will be noted from the resolution
below, Com. Charles Douglas was killed I
on the morning of the 8th inst. by a |
snow slide at  Coal  Creek,   which    demolished   part of the   carpenter   shop
in which he was working.
The shoo was a new structure, entered for the first time for working purposes directly after the strike last November, the old shop not being so convenient Requiring a little more labor
power in the moving of cars, etc., it
was discarded and a new one built right
in the track of previous snow-slides,
which have occurred almost every year
at that point
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co.. Ltd.,
made no proper safeguards against possible slides, and allowed our late comrade to be done to death.
It is learned on good authority that
correspondence and plans of proposed
snow-guards for that particular place
were in the company's offices—which
goes to show they were conscious of
the danger that put our comrade into
an untimely grave.
It is time to put tbe responsibility of
this crime where it belongs—at tlie door
of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co- Ltd.
Furthermore, a slide occurred at tlie
same place a week or so previous, breaking the window over the bench where
Com. Douglas worked, and thc company
(through Us officials) did not put in a
new window, but ordered it to bc
boarded up, thereby shutting out of
view a possible chance of seeing the
The number of men killed and
maimed at tne Coal Creek mines during
the past few months reads like a battle
casualty list.    It is simply appalling.
The miners live in constant fear and
upon their  features one can  read the
unwritten, "Who will be next'"
A Socialist Protest.
At the regular meeting of Fernie Local, No. 17, Socialist Party of Canada,
held on Sundcy, Feb. 10th, 1907, the
following resolution was unanimously
Whereas, by the sudden and untimely death of our late comrade, Charles
Douglas, the Socialist Party of Fernie
has lost a willing worker who was always ready to do his part for the emancipation of his fellow workers, and
whereas, his death was the direct result
of corporation "reed ,**hicli does not
recognize the sacredness of human life
in its insatiable demand for profits.
Resolved, that  we  strongly    protest
G  A. OKBLL, Man-get
Bread and Cakes delivered to any
part of the City. You can always
depend upon our bread.    Try it.
37 Pandora St        Victoria, B. C
Edward Bird.    A. O. Brydo-r-Jac-
Tal. 838. P.O. Baa, 983.
894 Haat-Sgs St. . . Vt
Fin* Clam ll«r.        Rxaellent Room.
Price* Mask-rate.
WANTED—At the Ymir General
Hospital, a duly qualified Practitioner and one with a number of
years experience. l*"ur particular-
write to
Secretary Ymir General Hotpital.
P.O. Drawer 606, Ymir, B.C.
Union Directory
When They Meet: Where The- Utti
«■**«*»'* Ubor Knlon In lhe pro»iIrcr „ ..
»II»H to plate a cat- -oner thi. bVa,|    ^A*   "
mouth,   ftevreune* uieaae mote.
of Bridge
Intemadoaal  Awodadon
and Structural Ironworker. "£„■_.
N°- S?? m<T?Vn Lr*b0r Ual!. fim
and rbird Friday of the month «
a p. m. B. Jardlne, Rawrtti««*g^
rotary, Box IIM, Vancouver, u. _
Phoenix Miners' Union, No a
W. F. M. Meets, every s"t«,ds.
evening at 7J0 o'clock i„ Miner*.
\*\11. *__hn-_ ll*lonn, Preside
Walter Morrison, Secretary.
T-l-H'HON- R77I
m —TH_
twa\ 9 %paaaw*9 WMm
C. PETERS   ^e,,»* a*.
Hand Mute Booto -nit -horn
orrlrr i_
•II -t*rkn.   krp*iii»i .*.*,,.,, »,,_...„
Work   of •l-|>U   i.i:, w«l,
thmts *!•>•>• on fowl
n.      mmm tUmm
•O   YtAfir
TfU-C M'Nr*
Co#v«iC"-i Ac.
Amrm* etmotme ••»•«'** »m a**
***** Milium mnt vr.»*.**t ti— •
Sh* p HukaMr fmtm. u
MM ttms. Otmem msmmy tottmmitnm mix t.
r am,ie itAmm through Mt>»i> a <.... „ ,.,
tnmtmlmmtut. nitHuat t**r»_. M U<
Scieitiflc American.
A k*a*t If l-M-m-l •«•»•».   UnrMi ...
OMtMi of met f****_?M_ *»•*>■ "uu-   "!>'•. I  t
fJLtfrf _**•_*■*• S*> Sow my til nm* ft ft
Please 'lo not address ••oinmiinii**-
Hone relating to party affair* to thle
wiper or Ita editor. Tbe addreaer** of
the Dominion and Provincial 8ecr.*-ir-
lea will be found In column C, pane *■-
By addremlntc nil communlca-ttotui to
them much confutMon and unneceamry
work will be avoided.
Ity ol
rnoad other* who rmllw th. Vd* W*l V
boring their Patent l*u,i_r*.» ItaiUNKtrd
byKxp-rt*.   Preliminaryadvb* tree.   Charge*
■-derate.  Oar hnr«rta_'« Advtaar -minima
ttnntst, T-arloa AMarWa. New York UU blAg,
Five Clarion tstih. caril*   .:!."_.
--■■■*' ■--■ - — •■ ■■■
IM  OAMP  OR   ritLO    AT
1-Mh ■***;« •<*_•«•
tl **hl mmttlrX't
ntPMlPtuim»wf ci tj.im. sirs
• KUNU fttUm.  t*t **>,. .. ml k,«
tM ilMig ftr **e*rtt SIll*t« .»■ _
Aid >Hr llM-rr. «».|  In.l.t nn Ih*
RTKVBM.   Whet* •»••« w.l.i br i..-
Inllm*. »• ahlf> rflrrct. rtprr-- r >-
of < al«!■•_ ,'"■'■
•  **T   It*   fmt*   tll.olr«(.'•'
(. _»ali*l-|iiii ai.h~.li ■■•
*m**mmm*mt*m ».«._.< k..
JO. SSallae ***■ * »'•!« ia
at_»nn_j»nnal-i_>. »»- ...» • ■ «
•mtme ttrnmemm tmrm,,*.; (-.
tola tmmti 	
A. a-ncTK»« Anna a tool
P. O. U*a «OS7
Montreal; aud Waihl-irtou, D.C, V.OJt.
i\ u n . -
BE•**• r in a c
S A V ('
by baying thfe
reliable, honeat,
high grade se*>
National Sewing Machine Co_
*MfflWKir ATM-MMM. IU. *>
United Hatters of North America
Wtoan you arc buying a WVH HAT ■*« to »
that the Oenulna Union label I* K*w*d m l«-   '
a retailer has Ioom label* In    bis po*Mf*«ion *n^
o-era to put one In a hat for you. do not rutrontit
him.   Loos*   labels in retail store* «r* oouiiterre.*i***
Th* g.nuln* Union   Labal   Is p*rfornt*'<i o-^'
•dfss, axaetly tbe same as a postage -"tamp. M'**"*
terftlts are some tlmo* perforated on thru tat**.
and  soma   times only on t*tp.  John B. -i«t«>n *-»•
of Philadelphia, Is a non-union concern.
90Wt A. NO-TUT, Pi-sMeatr Orange. N. •»•
MiWIU  LAWLOR, -acr-tanr. II Wavcrl? I'-*"*
COKE is an excellent foal for grstes, hall  stovss, furnscet and
cooking stovss, making a clean, bright fira without smoke or dirt.
Vancouver Bat Company, Ltd.
'"I ■ i aiani


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