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The Western Clarion Sep 8, 1906

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Array THE WESTERN
i
ION
Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
Vancouver. British Columbia, Saturday, September 8, 1906.
Sahaertption Pries
Fb* Yba-
tl.tt
LABOR PARTY DOES NOTHING
In Spite of Braggadocio and Bombast Upon the Part of
Laborites a Six Months Session of the British Parliament
is Barren of Results to the Working Class.
1 Mr I In ment has beep its lack
It  is well  that this
*?
predecessors have ulwuys been. In
fact, one negative advuntage of the
existence of the L.K.C. group is that
it had very much lessened the value
of the Liberal-Labor Ml', in electoral contests. When backs like Vivian unci Maddison us "Labor" M.
"P.'S rally to tbe support ol their millionaire liberal friends, it is cliacon-
cert ing to them and diverting to ourselves to And them countered by Labor M.I'.'a of the independent group.
It is something for which to lie grateful to the I..I1.C, that it has man-
ugwl to tone down this species ot ob-'
noxious (test.
Otherwise the tiM.il. group has
Iteen a disuppointment to those who
expected much of it. This is due
partly tu the character and t ruin ing
of muny of the men, und still more
to the lack of any definite ideas in
them us individuals and us a party.
There has been too obvious a desire
on the part of the majority to help
the Liberals    to run the show, and
they ure regarded by the Government   while the former hos not
lor the most part ns very good sup-
rest iveness
Die  most     remarkable  feature of
the  six  months'   opening  Session  of
1 I   tIC'***)
ui  legislation
Im i should be emphasised, as the
(iuvcrnmont, its Liberal-Labor supporters, '"'-I tho Radical press have
with brawn effrontery been chanting
in unimiu of the tremendous crop of
Ma< '•- this new Parliament in its
zeal haa presented to tho
That     ex-Tory,    Winston
£.      II, with all a renegade's joy,
f i id claim to fifty measures, and
•   nl other of the Liberal leaders
I so well practised this delusion
•    ut hers that they have actually dc-
.iled themselves. In every Parlia-
n-ntary Session them are petty,
. .ntroversiul or local measures
.(Inch ure smuggled through in the
i ut erst ices of time between the bigger controversial Items, und which
would go through whatever party
.nts iu power. Fancy a Radical
<;..<.eminent'and its apologists lieing
-ii hard put to it that they have to
n-ckon in statutes dealing with the
IS'anery of Manchester, fertilisers
and feeding stuffs. Isle of Man cus-
iMiiis, transfer of Treasury patten,
marina Insurance, marriage with foreigners, and the like In order to make*,
a show . to say nothing of including
tin- Army Annual Act and the Fin-
unce Act as special legislative
achievements of a Liberal Oovern-
mcrit !
When one coint-s  to recollect  whut
was promised  in  the  King's speech,
uiul tn review what has actually lieen
done, the fraudulent nature of this
• Intra to a "rich harvest  of legislu-
tu>n" liecoiues strikingly obvious. Of
iwclve measures promised only three
huve   Is-ett   realized—t'ounty   .lusliees
i Abolition of Property Qualification)
I'reventkiB    of   Corruption,  antl  thc
Utborers' (Ireland) Acts Amendment
Hill, the imssing of the latter being
due   to   the   Incessant   ini|Uirti*n   und
I i. smire  of     the     Irish  I'urty.    The
l-onttnn   KquaHzation of Rales  Bill—
deemed   of   first-rule   iui|»ortanre   by
ihnl    ex-S(M Ktlltrt     rate-puyer.    Mr.
"■■niis-hus failed    to make its   iip-
l iterance; nnd the promise to amend   ■■■-•*-■■-—•— —..-~rr    _~ __  , _.
"he  Inemploycd     Workmen   Act    re-   «*_*_■  _f __   ",d'1 •"* ■  *u8t
.«.. .•»_   mueh hated by the l.iis-ruls as ever.
.      _     CJ..IK.
T1IF. DIFFERENCE.
Switzerland has long been a much
lauded republic, in which the iieople
were supposed to inflate their lungs
with mountain air peculiarly bracing because heavily charged with the
microbe- of freedom which were pro-
lifically planted in her atmosphere
by a chap by tbe name of Hill Tell,
who, once upon a time had a heart
to heart tulk with the mountains
native to thut region. It has been
pointed to as thc favored land of tha
initiative, the referendum, and other
stage claptrap particularly dear to
tho heart of the milk and water
political   reformer.
Russia, upon the other hand, is a
much hated autocracy within whose
confines Liberty has as yet possessed
no habitation. From the following
by .1. lt. Askew in Ixtndon Justice.
it up|iears that freedom is as much
u stranger to Switzerland as to
Russia, and thut thc difference between a bourgeoise republic and an
absolute despotism is an imaginary
one only. The only difference notios-
uble between Switzerland and Russia
is  thut  the     latter     has a  Siberia.
porters, but  subject    to
while  to   the  Tory   Opposition  they
stand simply as a  wing of the Radical   Tarty.    The  Labor    Party    has
made a reputation for itself with the
mun   in   the street,   us a  solid, cautious  body :     which   to  him   constitutes virtue,  while  to us  it  is  vice.
As the session has progressed It has
become painfully  obvious that  there
were  only     half-a-dozen  men  of  the
party  who  could  lie  relied  upon  to
take tiny  action     against. Ministers,
and  that  these      at   party conclaves
could     ito      outvoted     by  the  more
"solid" members.      It Is true that
there were two  occasions  when    the
Itarty showed  fight,     but   these were
only on  matters affecting the  rights
or privileges    of the party.   On the
C|uesticin  nf  the  unemployed,  excepting Hardie. Thorne, Barnes, O'Grudy
and   one  or   two   others,   it   was   us
difficult to -tfiMiuilc a labor member
as a Liberal     Cabinet   Minister ;   in
fact, some middle-class Liberals were
far more ready to tuke action.      Of
course,  on the Trades Disputes   and
Workmen's   Compensation   Hills    the
two groups were nt  one. nnd proved
ix-rhiips of equal service.
Of the     men    themselves,    Hardie
maintains  the     same stalwart  inde-
Among t he recent exiles to Siberia
arc   l>'o   1'eutseh.   who  has   already
spent  10 years of his life there, and
Ur.   Parvus,    who     lived  for many
years as u fugitive in Germany.  Dr.
Parvus,   who  hatl  recently  taken op
the  editorship   of  a  daily  paper  in
St. Petersburg, was at one time one
of the most talked  about and best-
hated members of the German party,
where,   us    editor    of    our  Dresden
Party   organ,    "Thc   Sachsische   Ar-
bciter ZVitung," he made that paper
the mouthpiece of the rcvolutionary
und  anti-Opportunist  section  of  the
party.   His opposition to the Agrty-
ian    Program,    and    afterwards    to
Bernstein  and     others,  brought  his
name   much  to     the  fore  at  several
congresses.   es|iecially   at   Stuttgart,
where he spoke.   He was expelled toy
the Saxon Government, and then by
a   number  of   other  Oerman  States,
Hamburg.   Prussia,   etc.,   where     hc
attempted to live tilt fine*'- Munich
afforded him shelter.    Here he wr-jite
for  various     party     organs  till  the
outbreak  of  the  Russian  revolution,
when he, with that remarkable courage which has been his most marked
characteristic,   went   to   St.   Petersburg and took up active work in the
party there.   Only a few years ago,
indeed,   he  made,  at  great   personal
risk, in company with a Munich comrade, a journey through Russia, and
the two  men   wrote a  book on  the
starving state of the Russian peasantry, which made a great sensation
at the time,   as  it  showed  that famine was inevitable in Russia under
tbe existing  regime antl  policy.    He
had recently turned all his attention
and energy to securing unity of action  among   the   Russian   comrades.
Il is a  great  loss  to  thc party at
Inrgo that he should have fallen into the hands of the Czarism.    Let us
hope   that    he    and      Deutscb,    as
well as others, will again find their
way out, even    if the much-desired
end  of the  Czarism  does not come.
How much valuable; blood must flow
before this hideous system comes to
an end, awl perhaps Nicholus follows
Charles I.    and     Louis XVI. to the
scaffold ?
•     •     •
The Zurich Government has, after
much shuffling and hesitation, at last
yielded to the clamor of the organized bourgeois "Hurgerverband" and
decided to expel Kmil Hauth, one of
thc editors of "Volksrecht," our organ In Zurich, as a foreigner without
papers after hc has been allowed to
live here for over eleven years. The
reasons given are too contemptible,
and show thnt the Government has
simply yielded to thc clamor of thc
well-to-do mob. A novelty in their
explanation is that "Volksrecht" is
accused of a kind of "Majcstatsbe-
Ittidjgung" in its criticism of the
acts of thc Government. The latter
thus show themselves in no enviable
light. Having no law whereby
they can punish the crime
criticising their sacred
NOW IN THE TRANSITION STAGE
Pioneer Work for Socialism in Poland—What Class Con
sdousness Combined With Organization can Accomplish
—The Slav as an Example to the Boastful Saxon.
as
One of the most cheerful and inspiring things I have read for some
time is the following account from a
newspaper correspondent at Warsaw
of the effective way in which our
brave comrades in Russia are fighting capitalist government. It is rather long but worth reproducing for
the lesson it teaches aa to what
class-consciousness can accomplish
when thoroughly disciplined and organized :
From Warsaw, Poland, says the
Montreal Star, comes a story of the
wonderful and powerful influences of
a mysterious organization called
"The Committee." Its acts are directed not only against Ae Government, but against factory owners
and employers, upon whom it imposes its own terms at the muzzle of
the revolver. It has its own program of Social and administrative
reform, and its activity is exercised
in a large degree against the depredations of the "Black Hundred."
A correspondent at Warsaw pictures the situation in these terms:
"Hence do gooi-y!"—"Hands up!"
No guileless yeoman on the veld
ever lived in more direful expectation of the order than do the Russians in uniform in Poland. Postmen and policemen, vodka shopkeepers and railway cashiers all
dread it, all await it. Behind the
command is the power of The Committee, and even children who give
it are  obeyed.
A gendarme, in the exercise of his
duty,   arrests      a  man.    "Rence  do
goory!" shouta     a    voice from the
ing themselves in an underhand man-1 crowd.    "Take   that   man   prisoner,
ncr on the *-*rson of one of thc edi-| *•*•<* I ***}} rep?:rt__-_ _?'_°^_3!_*
of
I persons, and feeling unable to meet
criticism openly aud squarely, they
resort  to tbe mean device of reveng-
tors. In addition to Hauth,
workers were ex|>clled and more expulsions ore exiiected to follow. In
the meantime picketling is absolutely forbidden by a government
"ukase"—though even the German
law has had to allow that peaceful
picket ting is not illegal—and an initiative is being promoted which
would make the Zurich strike laws
the most react binary of all capitalist countries. Russia perhaps alone
excepted.
jjl Imittee.   Thn policeman is a married
'man.   He has  a  wife,  and  a  home
FIRES A FEW PARTING SHOTS
pi
main* unfulfilled, the only thing the
i;..vernim«nt could In* prevailed upon
to do, after having swindled thn unemployed  and   thc nation  by  gtvini
tu  wealthy     traders   a  two million
surplus,   lieing   to   vote   a   miserable
tenth part   of that sum to take the
place  of  last   year-  Queen's  Fund,
and  this  to bo disbursed  according
to the caprices of the Right Honor-
iihit*  .1.  B.    -All  the other measures
Hiised  have.   It  is  true,   lieen  Introduced! but harvest there Is none—
thev have, not ripened, and cannot tie
gathered in.   This Is either due   to
wicked design   or to foolish  ineptitude—our Radical    friends can take
their choice. ' m,±
lt is safe to say that tbe Trades
Disputes   BUI,   the  Workmen's   Com-
p. i.sut ion   Bill,    the Merchant Shipping Act Amondinont Hill, the Crofters Bill, and thc Plural Voting Bill
Instead  Of  being  left   In  a  state  of
uiidelightful   uncerteinty,   could     nil
have     lieen     by   this   time   on  the
statute-book,   hnd  not   the  Ministry
decided to block the pwwanattl  way
lo all  other  legislation by the  Munition  Hill.    Ibis  ill-conceived  measure  introduced     nt    the  bidding  of
vindictive   Nonconformists,    and Ut-
slgnod  to set  up Protestant   Dissent
as the religion for all public elementary schools,  has Ut-onu* more complicated  and   absurd  as  it   progress-
od, and It Is now shown to have (U-o***
for   its  professed     purpose,   unnecessary, ns tho decision of the Court  of
Appeal exonerates the public author
Ity fnmi nny reHpotisibllity for religious teaching.
So, to sum up. the Government hns
wasted the public time In riotous religious controversy ; Its promises are
Mill unfulfilled : nnd. ns hinted lasi
week, it will lie able to waste still
more time In thc autumn in lutlM
quarrels with the tjppet House on
• very ono of the Bills It sends for
review by tho Peers.
It ia not for mo to discuss the reputations made nnd unmade on tne
general scale ;  the self-advertisement
of some of the M. P.'s ami the current   newspaper     rubbish  about  tno
•men of mark" tend to distort any
view of the crowd at St. Stephen s.
Both Liberal nnd Tory parties havo
produced one or two mon who hayo
impressed thoir follow members witn
their grip of affairs snd their capacity for fight .ami oven independent
action.   Hut they nre nothing to us.
A more important question Is, lTow
have the workors lieen roprcsonUa in
thu Houso,  nnd to what effect ?   Altogether somo fifty representutlvosot
thoso who toll In factory, mino ond
field  have   mado their  epitaaranco-
qundrupllng tho number In nriy previous House of Commons.   They nro
sopnratod Into two camp-., the    independents" nnd    tho Ltlicrnl-Lnbor
mon.   Of the latter  vor>   Httlo need
bo said.   With about tw- except tons
tho memlier* of this bard of iW«»J
nro ns useful and as usoess as their
The session must huve  been   a   Geth-'
ftjeman-  to  him ;     to  lie  doomed  to
lend followers half-hearted and many
of ihem hostile to bis purposes   and
desires.    One  "reputation"  has   certainly  Iteen made,    lt must  bc confessed tbat J. R.  Mm-Donald has taken  to  the  House  of  Connuons,  its
rules nml regulrflions (which frighten
some  of the  new   u.cmbers),  like   a
duck   to   water ;   antl  has   made  the
most   of  his   opportunities.    On  the
matters     he   specially   took   up—the
Natal Zulus, and the administration
of  the   Factory     Acts—he  has  done
really useful work ; which renders his
shortcomings in  other directions all
thc more noteworthy.   O'Grudy  and
Thorne  have     made effective  use of
truest inn time and have rendered good
service.    But there is no donbt that
the Parliamentary work of thc individual members who are trade union
secretaries   or   organizers   is   reduced
in effectiveness  by  their trade union
duties ;  thut of others is reduced b>
their "press work," clone to supplement nn insutneient £200 a year. No
mnn  can  do   Parliamentary   work  of
an uii mumi description satisfactorily anil  perform other absorbing duties tit   the Same time ; and workers
who want  both dona well ure asking
too  much.
If it be true that the I^ubor Party
pnst  session  ns  only  u
cuiiter,   antl   thnt   next
session  we shall  see things,  il is to
ha   hoped   agreeable     disappointment
awaits us.      One     feurs not ;  if tho
Government huve taken the measure
ol the Labor Party, und understand
that the latter  will lie content with
half or quarter measures so long as
"something    is      dotio" — or   talked
about—then we may rest assured tho
Ministry will take good caro to keep
the Labor Party well in its wake as
a  iruasl-lnileiK'iidint   supporting   factor, and  not  to plnco it in effective
opposition.    Hud   that  Labor  Party
unity of purpose, or were It possessed of anything  like a common idea,
there would      Ihi trouble ;  antl those
Socialists  who    aro connected with
the   Labor     Party    should  make   lt
their   bounilen   duty  to  establish   it
on Socialist  lines, so that instead of
B floundering dissension, as exhibited
on tho Education Hill,
bo a compact  party
persistent,     attack
trouble i
benefit  tn   the
Before Announdng Ms Departure from Winnipeg .Spartaas
Takes A "Pot ShoT at the Wosyncrades of Smgle-
Taxers and the f oWes of Saner f o*.
He
Honor to whom honor ****_J^_
iiuii|ieg Telegrai
its issue of Aug-
Honor to wnoiu ■■_■-»-   ••■ -—.
Winnipeg Telegram in an editorial »
-.... :„'..,? ,.f  A ncr.  25th, refers to the
of
rel
Lowery's
Claim as
suppression ^ '^Jj--^ „f publish
an example ~. — _^^^
thing disagreeable to the au-
ottuwu.    Hud tlie poli-
of   the   Ottawa
tho   other  color,
Ing any
thorities  at
tical     complexion
regaril   t he
preliminary
grafters ttccn of tho otner cuior,
possibly the Telegram would have
remained as mum us is the rest of
the cowardly press on this fresh as-
suult on its freedom, but however
that may lie, the gravity of this
autocratic deed is apparently not
realised by those so ready to agitate
00 behalf of the Appeal to Reason.
So bo it. Apathy will have its reward.    Do not  squeal   when you  gut
it.
•    s    s
It has always Iteen impressed upon
the  citizens   of   Winui|ieg   that   it   is
necessary  to have successful business
mcu   in  the council.    We  have  thcin
and  have hnd them for many years.
One   of  the  results   of  their  rulo    is
that  the  city   is     now   face  lo  face
with a  witter firtnine, for though wc
huve  enough   at   present   for   domestic  purposes,   in  the cuse  of a  large
fire  the  supply   would  be exhausted
in   flvo  hours   or   thereubouts.     The
moneyed   individuals   responsible   tor
placing   the   present   unci   past
......-.., nr,. now. with th,
lass,   decry-
predicafnent. The community can, if
it will, defeat this effort of thc money power to save its pocket by poisoning the citilens. The sonitary expert said it was a crime to use the
Assiniboine water for drinking purposes but no crime is too great for
capital to commit when money is to
tie made. Apathy, as in other cases,
will bring its reward. Do not squeal
when you find out for yourself that
property is valued more than life
and someone near and dear to you
succumbs to typhoid.
^^^^^^^ and   pnst  coun
cils in power are now, with the cowardly   instinct   of  their
ing their puppets nnd  louding them
thoro would
a woll-directetl,
 twhich     would
»nv  Government   and  bring
workers.    Tho  Labor
o-rtv  has so  for fftllod,  oven in its
L        has not realized the ho|>es
success .   1    i ' Th0 r0l>8OI1
m,U!*y °        h   -s     for  the  most part
•*-*£ ;' „      ,h« party a. a
' Z l_   aKugh dubbed as »uch   by
whole. JR***-"*"    .  llfnlu|   of Using
SKll.Kdon. ^S.*«a.Ut party
tSES^ of ,,ropor,y
-loDYSSri'n London Justice
""Si      ■••*--      ,   -.  .
with  thc blame for thc present serious   state   of   thc   water   supply,   a
blame  thnt   should   properly   rest  on
their   own     shoulders.    This  robber
class  of  which  the  members of  the
council   are     brilliant   examples,   is
now hit in n  vital spot, thc pocket.
Two   years   ago     tho   city  council
hired   a  sanitary  export  at  a  large
fee to enquire  into thc cause of the
typhoid epidemic.   The expert stated
that  it   was a crime to turn Assiniboine water Into tho mains und made
sundry     recommendations   as  to  the
water -supply,     most  of  which  have
been   ignored.    In   spite   of   tho  fact
thnt   tho  authorities  know   that    to
turn on the Assiniboine water means
an  undoubted     Increase  of   typhoid
fever" thoy   have   promised   to   have
this  poison  turned  on  tn  tho  event
of   a   large   fire.       Why?       Because,
otherwise   thc     insurance  companies
will refuso to tako risks in the con*'
gested district, thus, in tho ovont of
largo   fire,   causing  loss  of  property
somo of the moneyed  individuals
tho  community   will  be
to  pay   In   disease and
tho present
During the typhoid epidemic of two
years ago when, to the confusion of
those that  believe in sanitation, the
disease claimed     its  victims among
the   well-to-do     residents  of   Assiniboine  avenue,   it   was  rumored  that
the   Street   Railway     Company   had
been in thc habit   of pumping water
from the Assiniboine und this water
hud   pussisd  through  their  city   connections   and   had   contaminated   the
Assiniboine uveuue supply ns well as
causing  several     deuths  among  employes   working     on      the   premises.
This was denied  by the Street Railway  Co. und no effort  was made to
investigate.   Why?   Bceuuso the power   of   money   was   greater   than   the
power of  Its victims.    More recently
no effort hus Is-on made to place the
responsibility for the presence of tho
unmarked pile In thc river bed, which
caused tho death of five young lives
tho other dny     Why? 'Because again
the power of money is greater than
the power of ita victims.   Thc money
power holds society in the hollow of
its   hand  and   works     its will   with
little let or hindrance.
•    •   •
A   single-toxer   is  as   tonacious   ot
his principles us any  Socialist.   Onlooker  is back  to  thc charge again
in   last   week's  Voice.    Siiigte-taxers
aro  tho  only   reformers  that believe
tho present economic system is radically wrong and  they  hold that belief in common with Socialists, from
thore single-tnxers end  Socialists diverge.    Onlooker  believes that   thero
is  no  definite     Socialist     Party  or
platform.      The     Socialist  Party of
Canada   is  decidedly  a  definite  poli-
and little children. He shrugs his
shoulders and walks away. The
Committee has protected its own. ,
So simple is the phrase, so mysterious is the power behind it, that
it has seemed good to many of thc
baser sort to use It for tbeir own
nefarious ends. These are the men
of the Chorny Sotnia—the Black
Hundred—and they are _s much ob
jects of The Committee's vengeanc.
as is any tyrant in uniform.
In Russia when a man has been
convictiti twice of a felony his passport is marked, and he is sent back
to his native community without
hope of ever again engaging in the
wm Id's affairs. He is a burden to
his village. He eats or starves as
opportunity avails. No man will
employ him. He is accursed,
has  joined  the  Black  Hundred.
It is to those outcasts that the
authorities have turned in their crusade against the Jews. They are all
marked men. "The word Is pus-tad
round that if on a certain day these
gaolbirds care to loot the Jewish
quarter the police will not interfere.
Then follow.-^ a Biclostok massacre.
It is true these men hold no gu»r-
untee of protection, no safe conduct
from the police, but to the outlaw
even temporary toleration is great
encouragement, and so they are
marked down for doom by the Committee.
Many have been done away with
merely .because they were a drag upon the commune. Many more have
been removed because they usurped
to themselves the functions of the
Committee. It is a jealous power,
thc inner circle of the Polish Party
Socialistic, and woe betide tho man
who prefers himself before  it.
Thc Committee exercises many
strange functions in addition to the
acts which are aimed at the Govern
and social "superiors" his perpetual
hankering after something or somebody to grovel before in abject self-
effacement ; his fanatical veneration
for "law and order," is an easy
mark for the exploiter. He was kept
in subjection for centuries by the
fiction of the divine right of kings—
"the powers that be are ordained of
God,"—and when tbat wouldn't satisfy htm any longer was doubly fooled and humbugged by the farce of
so-called "responsible government,"
under which the working class voters
are made the billing instruments of
their   own  subjection.
The Slav and the Jew are not to.
be    duped     ao   easily.     They have
thrown  off at  once the shackles   of
political  and  mental     enslavement,
and     realize     that     no  amount  of
"constitutional"     political     liberty)
will   better  their  condition   without
a  change   in      economic    relations.
And  they  appear  to  a considerable
'. extent  to  have  superseded  and  virtually deposed the existing legalized
government,     tbe   representative   of
capitalist   interests,   by  establishing
an unrecognized  but practically operative  government     of  the  people,
which in addition to holding a terrorized officialdom in check and nullifying  its decrees,   makes  the   betterment of social conditions its leading concern.
Many timid souls are kept aloof
from the Revolutionary Socialist
movement by tbe fear tbat under
Socialism tbe criminal class—that is
of course, the poor and uninfluential
criminals—would break loose and
enjoy uncontrolled license. The very
effective manner in which "The Committee" have dealt, with tbe Black
Hundred of Warsaw indicates that a
Socialist community would be quite
competent to handle that problem,
while at the same time striking at
the root of crime by changing tbe
conditions which inevitably generate
criminals.
If there are any Socialists who still'
retain a lingering belief in the idea
so constantly Inculcated by capitalist
teachings,  of the  innate  superiority
of  the   Anglo-Saxon   rare,   the   progress of events in Russia should disillusionize   them.    The   struggles   of
our heroic Russian and Polish comrades,  their clear-cut and  thoroughgoing understanding of scientific Socialism  and   their     marvellous  self-
sacrifice and endurance in the cause
are a reproach to the apathetic self-
complacency     of  many   of   us,   who
think more of paying a few dollars
a year or risking the loss of a Job
than they do    of     venturing   their
lives.   How     long will  it be before
a  similarly  robust     class-consciousness animates    the    American  and
Canadian proletariat with its boastful     and    pretentious    vaunt ings  of
Anglo-Saxon  progress and its ignorant   contempt   for  the   "foreJgnc**?-''
The Douniu is .ieatl.   Loaf? I've .t.hv
Committee of Warsaw !  and may it
be  tha example    and     precursor  of
many  more     Committees the  world
over, to' paralyze the arm ot the exploiter and pioneer^he way for Socialism'
PHILLIPS THOMPSON.
Our Hindoo brethren arc Introducing a most  startling innovation to
Vancouver.    Rach  day  upon  returning  from   their work   they   actually
take a bath.    As they have been living under British rule altogether too
cu m mm _„._,_ I long to admit, of having more than
for itself to regu-jone shirt, or an extra pair of pants,
they sit out  in their own back yard
for a while after bathing, clad in tho
original   costume   that   prevailed   In
Kdon before the inhabitants acquired
the  fig-leaf  habit,    in  order to  give
their other  garments a  good airing
upon a convenient clothes  line. This
has of course greatly  shocked nearby    Pecks-illiuns      'who     aro     not
above     "ruHbornecking"    Into  their
neighbors' affairs.
referred   to,
called   upon
ment. It has set _
late hours of labor and rates of
pay. it has dictated its terms to
factory owners and forced them at
the muzzle of the revolver. Many
factories nre closed. Muny factory
owners arc* bunkrupt because the
Committee would not allow them to
close.
Thc writer says : 1 was walking
along a business thoroughfare when
a man strode up to a shop front and
deliberately smashed in a platogloss
window with a stone. I gazed in
amazoment. He was not arrested.
Thc shopkeeper hurried out, and busied himself with shuttering the
breach. I demanded an explanation.
"The Committee ordered him to
close his shop at a certain hour. He
was ten minutes late."
Since then 1 have soon a score of
shattered windows roughly barricaded— rude monuments to the authority of the Committee
There are several things to be
loarned from tho foregoing suggestive description of a ctOiWmity
which is apparently touch further
advanced In tho transition stag*e
from capitalist industrialism to Socialism than any "Anglo Saxon"
community. In the first place it
knows how powerless capitalism Is,
even with all the agencies and
forces   of   a   respressive   government
even.,,,.      ,.     h.       ,
nnd  has  n  definite  pro-|at its back, as against a'unlted and
I those responsible    for
tical  party  	
gramme, a copy of which may be oli-
tainetl at any meeting of tho Winnipeg local. Briefly stuted the program Ib to bring about, tho collective ownership of all means ot production now used collectively, anil the
administration of the some for the
benefit of tho working class. This
(Continued on Fags Three.)
well-orguniz, d proletariat animated
by a genuine spirit of class-consciousness. The boosted strength nf
governments merely rests on tho
su bm iss iveness of thc people and
their tame acceptance of capitulist
ideals, ethics antl standards of conduct. The Anglo Saxon with his
sm-vile  admiration      of  his  poiiticni
William Mulot-k refers to Canada
us the "last spot on God's earth to
which men may come antl not pay
tribute." As both thc farmer and
the wage-laborer are compelled to
surrender the produce of their labor
to capitalist property just thc same
here as anywhere else, Mulot-k has
another guess coming, lf no man In
Canada was coiiqiellcc! to pay tritaite""
tho grass would be exceedingly short
for capitalists- and their political
time-servers, not excepting the voluble Mulock himself. But then, tulk
is cheap and hot air not over expensive.
 o*   	
The San Francisco "Kxumiiier
thinks the owners of tho United Railways of that city ought to "sacrifice
pride to avert industrial war." Of
f-.oursc they ought to, and no doubt
ihey will gladly do ho, but that does
not of necessity signify that they
ought to sacrllius their profits for
the sake of gratifying the avarice of
a lot of working plugs who are always lusting after material things.
H
■if *
-.;•
two
THI iraWttH OLAUOK, If^ttjtt    »*™** MtttlBtA.
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iA-.imt.AY, litPTtoiuKit
aaPam
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11
Ili6 Western Qui
Published every Saturday In tha
interests of ths working class alone
at tba Office of the Western Clarion,
flask Block basement, 185 Bastings
Street. Vancouver, B. 0.
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SATITTOUY, SKPTEMBER 8. 1906.
THE  RISKS  OF  CAPITAL.
Nanaimo is a coal town. There is
practically no other industry there
outside of the mines of the Western
Fuel Company. Thc entire town
relies upon the men who work* in
these mines. Besides this there are
others who live upon the Nanaimo
miners. Just who they are or where
they live the miners themselves do
not know. Outside of perhaps the
president of the concern and one or
two more they probably never sow
any of them. They are, however,
the owners of the mines, the shareholders of the Western Fuel Company.
Every one at all familiar with capitalist undertakings will remember
that the shareholder, the owner, the
capitalist, is thc fellow who "risks"
his capital in industrial enterprises.
Of course, if he did not. do so there
would be no industries. At least we
are told so by those who ought to
know. The risk taken by the capitalist in investing his money in an
industrial enterprise is something
awful to contemplate. Although he
may lose it all he boldly makes his
investments with a display of nerve
that cannot but excite the admiration of the beholder. The owners of
the mines at Nanaimo afford a typi-.
cal case in point. Not only have
they invested their capital in these
properties but the most of tbem
have probably never lieen nearer the
place than London, New York, or
San Francisco. Their reckless indifference to the "risks" assumed by!
them in making their investments is
quite remarkable.
The Nanaimo mines have been operated for many years and the capitalists who have so recklessly assumed the risks of ownership have
reaped vast profits as a reward for
their "thrift snd industry" and the
risk taken. Not one of these owners
so far as we have been able to learn
has yet lost his life as a result of
the risk taken. This may lie duo
largely to the fact that they have
not come Into close contact with the
mine itself, ns the following will
show :
In the city of Nanaimo there are
two cemeteries. Ono ls a public
cemetery and tho other belongs to
the Catholic church. Within these
enclosures n multitude of marble
slabs bciir mute testimony to tho
fact thst underneath lie the
mortal remains of human beings.
Many graves aro unmarked save by
the usual mound of earth.
From Comrade Parker Williams,
M.P.P.. of Ladysmith, we learn that
tbe marble slabs in these cities of
thc dead bear eloquent testimony to
the safety that surrounds the workmen in the mines while the capitalist is forced to assume the awful
"risks" incident to the investment
of bis capital  therein.
In' the public cemetery tho tennb-
stone inscriptions show, that 45 iter
cent, of the mules over 16 years of
age met a violent death in or about
the mines.   Those    In  tho  Catholic
cemetery show-that 74 per cent, met
their death in a similar manner. As
appalling as  these  figures  are  they
do not tell the whole story.    It  la
safe to assume that in the hundreds
of unmarked  graves  lie tho  remains
of an even larger percentage of human Itolngti who met death in a similar manner, men without relatives or,
friends to rear the marble slab   to
mark thoir last resting place and record  the manner    of    their death.
Within these cities of thc dead are
to be  found no record of the many
who mangled    and    bruised  in the
mines have perchance suffered months
or years of agony only to succumb
to their injuries nt last and go to
their long sleep as al still further
sacrifice upon the altar' of capitalist
production for profit.
j In the face of this awful human
slaughter the blood-sucking capitalists of thc Nanaimo mines, like their
blood-thirsty brethren elsewhere,
havo persistently fought aguinst
every measure intended to safeguard
the men ngainst the danger to life
and limb that has written such a
scathing condemnation of capitalism
and its murderous system of production upon the tombstones of Nanaimo. Their profits must not be reduced no mutter what the cost may
be in the flesh and blood of labor.
Better for these capitalist leeches
that scores of workers bo slaughtered in tho operation ot their industries than that a dollar be taken
from their profits for the purposo of
safeguarding  the   workers'  lives.
Capital assumes no risks. An individual capitalist or concern may
fail to realize upon an investment
antl go broke. To start with, their
capital is plunder already taken frcml
labor and the purpose' ot its invest-
ftient is to obtain more plunder from
the same source. Thc only risk to
life or limb thut they assume is that
of dying of gout in consequence of
high living." or breaking their necks
by falling down stairs while drunk.
And these are risks not at all incidental  to the operation of  industry.
It is thc workingmen alone who
assume the risks attendant upon thc
carrying on of the industries of the
world. That such is the case is
amply evidenced by tho fact that it
is workingmen alone who are* bruised and killed in their operation. Thc
tombstones at. Nanaimo bear eloquent testimony to this fact. Not
one of them marks the grave of an
owner, who as such, met his death by
violent means in or about the
mines.
All talk about thc "risks of capital is rank humbug.
ITS  LAST  SUBTERFUGE.
Thc modern State Is essentially
the instrument of the capitalist
class. It is the sole means upon
which that class must dqpend
td insure the perpetuity of its peculiar system of property and thereby
prolong its economic reign over the
working class. It is unfortunate for
the capitalist class of the more politically advanced countries of' the
earth that their economic slaves, tho
workers, possess thc legal right to
not^qnly change the 'tersunnel of
government but to also change its
policy in regard to the form of property that shall receive protection at
its hands. To add to the grievious-
ness of this -large numbers ->f the
workers aro becoming alive to the
fact that a most radical transformation in the form of ownerahip and
the purpose of - operation of the
moans of wealth production, is imperatively necessary if the working
class is to escape from the galling
yoke of wuge-riondago that now
presses so heavily upon them. They
are rapidly realizing that, in as
much as the State is the Instrument
by means of which the present ruling class defends its system of property and enforces its decrees against
the workers, if the latter are to obtain relief it can only come as a
consequence of their having seized
possession of thc State and used its
powers to effect their purpose. As
they become more thoroughly imbued with thc idea of using their
legal rights for the purposo of obtaining control of the State it bo-
comes more and more necessary that
the ruling class resort to subterfuge
to prevent it. Subterfuge is necessary because of the overwhelming
number of the workers as compared
with the capitalists.
Until quite recent times the most
clumsy artifices and subterfuges proved effective. Some such silly issue
as protection or free trade, gold
money or silver, and other childish
nonsense was quite sufficient to enable the ruling class to lead the untutored working savage into the political shambles of capitalism and
rivet thc chains of economic bondage
upon his limbs for another term. By
far too many of the workers are now
becoming politically and economically wise to admit of these old gags
being longer relied upon. Some more
cunning and seductive subterfuge
must be concocted or the ha will be
up with the rule of capital. A now
"Richmond In ln tho field" with a
program so openly revolutionary and)
uncompromising as to strike terror
to the stoutest capitalist heart. The
Socialist movement is gnowing in a
manner thnt threatens the life of
capitalism unless sonui means can be
devised to turn the workers attention in other directions!
It is by no accident that efforts aro
lieing, put forth in Canada at the
present time to launch a Lalior
Party. This is the only subterfuge
that could suggest itself, under tho
present circumstances that could
hold out the hope of so confusing
nnd misleading the workers as to at
least postpone tho day of working-
class victory over the forces that
now hold lubor in bondage. The
term "I,ulie.r Party" has a seductive
sound to the working man who docs
not understand the present system of
{property in the means of wealth production nnd the reason why political
movements come into existence.
From the name itself the inference is
readily drawn that such n party
niust be born of working-class interests : in fact must lie tho genuine
expression of the cause of Labor.
Such however, need not of necessity
be the case. Interests diametrically
opposed to those of Labor may Very
readily bet masked beneath a verbal
covering that of itself would lead
the unwary to believe that I_tbor interests alone lie underneath.
. It Is not by its name that a political party must tie judged, but by
the program it purposes to carry
out. No program of tabor can bo
carried out within thc confines of the
present system. No movement of tho
working cluss can l>o mado to apply
without overthrowing thc rule of
capital. Movements expressing the
interests of a part or faction of thc
working class might lie successful
within the system, but anything in
thc way of a betterment of conditions for the entire working class
presupposes tht; ending of that exploitation of tabor upon which tho
present system of property and
wealth production rests. Strugglo
as the workers may in their efforts
to raise themselves to tietter conditions of living, under the rule of
capital and its wage-system, the fact
remains that their average condition
grows steadily worse. Thc standard
of living of the working class is not
rising, and their tenure of employment is continually becoming less
secure.
The test of a tabor Purty is its
purpose. If it ls the expression of
tabor it is of necessity frankly and
openly revolutionary, in that it cannot  avoid  making  for  thc  breaking
9}
slave to thc chariot wheels of capitalist proiierty. If it does not do
this it is u fraud, either born ol.ignorance, or the product of cunning
and chicanery brought forth for .rhef
ulterior purpose of misleading the
workers and prolonging their, missry
as thc exploited victims, id capit
mun who has noqii'rc<l his knowledge
of tabor's needs In the bitter school
of oxperienco, than by nil tho polished and windy jaw-smiths that over
afflicted the public platform with
tlieir presence,, Comrade Williuins
devt>t*_ his time to pointing out
that the capitalists of the country
owned and controlled its resources
nnd the means necessary to convert
those resources to human use. He
pointed out the fact that no matter
how great those resources or how
efficient the means for their application to humah need* the workers
were no better tilt for the reason
Hint they were tho property of another class in human society, the
capitalist class. This class alone
reaped the benefit of generous resources and ample means of production. The workers were merely ln
the position of sellers of the commodity tobor-pdwer st niggling as
Itest they could to obtain tho most
favorable price for It, subject at
nt) times to the depressing influence
upon that price of the cheapest class
of labor that could Ihi obtained by
the employers. If the workers were
to escape from this undesirable post
lion they must take such action ns
would place the ownership and control of industry in the hands of the
working class itself.
A number of tpiestions wore answered b.v the speuker, presumably
to the satisfaction of the questioners, nnd most assuredly to the
amusement of the audience, after
which the birr crowd went home to
ponder, to reason nntl reflect. A col
lection of $27 T"> was taken up
to defray the expense of the meet
ing.
On Monday evening, Sept. 3rd
City Hall wns parked to the doors
before 8 o'clock. Tho meeting had
Iteen advertised as a debate between
"Comrade .1. II. Hawthornthwaite,
M P.P. nntl Mr. .loo. T. Kane. Just
what the debate was to be about no
One seemed to know It appears,
however, thnt Knne is a cheap sort
of a political land shark of "Liberal
proclivities who for som<* years honored the tardesu district with his
presence, and has for some time past
Iteen a(-ictc»d with tho habit of hanging around the sessions of the House
at Victoria lobbying in the interest
of' land deals and perhaps other
equally commendable grafting
schemes At the last session he was
ont hand with some sort*of a scheme
lo; get hold of a large and juicy
chunk of Kaon Island. A* this was
to be the western terminus of the
("Stand Trunk Pacific, like Colonel
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ filler-, hc could see "millions in It.*
the chains    that bind  the  wage-i-P  shrewder bunch of grafters,  how
"  '      pf'Tr.  got away with the prize,   and
fbst like a cheap gambler,  Kane pro-
!ceded to do the "cry baby-' act. The
'vnservntfve (lover-intent had con
iVed with his successful compe-
ilors to - heat him out of his
"fights." Some ribald persons even
-•inert thnt the South African script
litter which ho was endeavoring to
a-ilte the land in question had been
st
rule. »■■»•
tat tho workers of Canada keep
their eye" on the individuals who ire
getlthg busy for the purpose 0*
luu-shirig a Labor Party- Some tiff
than-will at least, bear considerable
watching, and should get it in abundance. No political movement can lie
tolerated by any sclf-resiiccting 'person unless its speakers nnd exponents
can stand out in tbe
defend thoir position against all
corners.' That movement professing
to lie a tabor Party, whether It bo
a Canudiuii production or a British
or Australian import at inn, that
launches its craft' In British Columbia's political waters without first
securing the necessary knowledge of
capitalist production and wage- slavery to enable thc crow to steer by
tbe revolutionary compass, will cut
about as imposing u figure as a rat's
tail in a quart cup.
These lnbor parties without working-class programs are farces whether they spring up in England or any
other place. Just how much -of a
farce the old country one is, may lie
seen from an article recently published in London Justice, which is
reproduced 'in another column.
Whether children of .ignorance or cunning they afford priitinbly tho last
subterfuge that the ruling class can
discover or conjure up for tho purpose of prolonging their reign und
warding oft* the approach of tho day
Secured   from   returned   "heroes"   by
questionable- means, to say   tho least.
Vt  any rate his scheme fell through.
fbe other schemers got tho plum and
his prosfiec live millions vanished. He
s mad, anil who rould blame him?
n looking about to find someone on
Whom  to   vent   his  wrath,   he  made
that   sn tne  start ling discovery    that
jiivery tender-shinned liberal In the
province makes every time ho has a
bad dream and gets his shin against
jJibe bod-post, that  Hawthonrthwaite
open   *"•_•*•..„.„ (hc meiln„  of the pr08o-t gov
of  reckoning   with  an  enslaved  and
outraged working class.
TWO GREAT MEETING8.
The old party politician of this
city and province are welcome to
draw what satisfaction they can
from the two meetings held In this
city during tho past week by local
Vancouver of the Socialist Party of
Canada. No other political mo/c-
ment can call together such an audi-
once at any time other than during
a campaign, and it is moro Ihnn
doubtful if they could duplicate them
even then.
Grand     Thentre,     Cordovn  street,-
was crowded  to tho doors  on  Sunday evening,  September 2, to listen!
to Parker Williams, M.P.P., of Lady-
snjith, B.  C.   Parker is not an orator, and makes no pretensions along
that lino, but he is so unmistakably']
proletarian    in    his  conception    of
things, and so carefully weighs matters  from  a   proletarian  standpoint
and   drdw*   hl's   conclusions   actjcird-
ingly, that his plain straightforwurd
and uncmbY-llishod talks become most
effective and lasting propaganda. Ills
keen   Insight into    capital list produc-
icm, its   various   phenomena, find tho
resultant  effects   upon  the   working
class,  coupled    with    a    reedy wit
which  hn uses with telling effect In
clinching his points and driving homo
bis arguments, makes of him an effective propagandist   and   one   who
should be moro frequently called upon  to got Into the harness nnd do
bis stunt.   More olToctlve and lasting
propaganda can lie done by the plain
common  and  unpretentious   working'
^^ .   —   —  , _- „--
♦rnment holding the reins of power.
Therefore, he wns the man who wan
'responsible for tho failure of his
scheme to obtain thc fat chunk of
Kncn Island. Don Quixote Kane
mado up his mind to go after the
Hawthornthwaite windmill. Like the
usual man vvho goes out looking for
trouble, he hud no difficulty in finding it.
Kane wus given tho platform to
tell his tale of woe. It is but fair
to say that a more pitiable
"squawk" was never put up by any
two-legged animal at loast. That an
audience of Hon people managed to
submit to it for half an hour was an
exhibition of patience that makes
•Job's achievement in that line appear quite amateurish. He reiterated all of tho stale and stereotyped
diatribes and accusations that have
been bundled about by the Litieral
press until they arc worn thread tare
But It was no go. When Hawthornthwaite got at him he flattened
Kane out so suddenly and completely
as to lay himself open to a charge
of cruelly to animals. When Kane
subsequently took thc floor for a five
minutes' "caterwaul" it was with
difficulty that the chairman could
restrain the audience so that the
poor simpleton could make himself
heard. The speakers that followed,
out of consideration for his feelings,
dealt gently with what was loft
of him, in ortler to not unduly irritate the raw places. No doubt Kane
will  appreciate  their kindness.
Kane himself Is an irresponsible
nonentity. Ho probably did- not realize whnt ho was going up against.
That he was eggod on by othor
cheap political skates, too cowardly
to tackle tho job themselves, seems
certain,
Whilo there was little done during
tho meeting in tho way of enlightening tho workers In regard to capitalism and Its wage-system, it. did
much good in showing to thorn how
puny antl helpless the political
henchmen of capital are when tht y.
fall into tho hands of men who un-'
from
derstiind   tho   labor  movement
a  revolutionary  standpoint.
Tho audience stayed until tho "last
dog was hung." That is, the last
one present. Whenever any sore-
nosed politicians of whatever stripe
deslro to arrange for another canine
hanging "boo thoy will lie apt to
think twice before going Into it.
They had bettor do so at any rate.
A collection of $211 wus taken to
tlefray the expenses of (ho mooting.
Any balance loft over from thoso
meetings will be used for the purposo of keeping tho political coyotes
of capital property In training for
the race thoy ate destined to take
Into oblivion In tho nottr future.
»--_»■■■ *»*
tmnwaarmm
PLATFORM
taai (km*
»-—
We, ths Socialist Party of Caaala.
la convention assembled, afflna aw
allegtaac* to and support of tha prte-
ctples and program of tha intaraa-
tloaal revolutionary working elasa.
Labor produces all wealth, and ta
tabor It should Justly belong. Tn
ths owners of ths tanas of wealth
producUoa belongs the product al
labor. Tba preoant economic system Is based upoa capitalist ownership of the means of wealth producUoa; therefore all ths products of
labor belong to the capitalist claas.
The capitalist to master; tha wi
In slava.
80 long as tha capitalists
la posssssloa of ths reins of govora*
await all the powers of tha etato will
be used to protect aad dsfsad their
property rights In the meg as of
wealth productloa and their control
of the product of labor.
Ths capitalist system Rtvss to tha
capitalist «a ever**wellin_ stream af
profits, and to the worker am ever
Increasing measure of miaary aad
degradation.
The Interest of the working elasa
Ilea la the direction of outline I Untrue from capitalist expl-ttatioa by
the abolltloa of ths wage uystsn. To
accomptidb thla matmaalXmXaa tha
transformation ot capitalist property i a the means of wealth production into collective or working loss
property. |
Ths Irrepressible conflict af latsr-
oots betweoa tha capitalist aad tha
workor Is rapidly culndaaUag tm a
atruggle for possssston af thn power
af goTsramsat—ths capitalist to hold
thn worker to secure It by political
actioa.   This is the class rtr-ojrU.
Therefore, ma call upas aS work-
era to organ-re under ths bsaaar af
the Socialist Party af Canada wtth
tha ob)sct of conquering tha public
powers for tha purpose of setliac up
aad oafordag tha economic progrean
ot tha working class, as /ollows:
1. The tiwaafonaatfaa aa rapidly
as possible, otc capitalist prapsrty la
ths means of wealth producUoa (Batumi resources, factortss. mills, rail
ways, etc..) Into tha eollectivs pro.
party of tha working claas
9. Thorough and daonocratic organisation aad maaigntnmt of Industry by tha worhsrs.
8. Ths eotabtiakmeat. aa speedily
an poadbla, ot productloa for uas
lantsad of producUoa for profit.
Tha Socialist Party, whoa to aAca
shall always aad every whom antll
tha proaoat ay-rUm to abolt*had.
osaka ths answer to thla quoatiua lis
guiding rule ol coadact. Will ttda
taglstaUoa advance tarn totorssU af
tha worktag claaa aad aid tha work-
era bi their class strugglo aajalaat
capitalism? If It will, the Sociallat
Party Is tor It; If It will aot. tha
Socialist Party Is absolataly spaas
ad to It.
Ib accordaaee with thla prtodpla
tha Socialist Party pladgan Itself to
conduct all tho public affairs pianola Its hands In such a asnnnir aa to
preBwta ths latsreato of u
lag class alone.
I
APPLICATION     POR
BEIM-UP IK THB SOCIAL**
I8T PARTY   OP CANADA.
I, THB UNDBR8I0NBD,
hereby apply for membership
In Loeai
 Socialist Party of
Canada,
I recognise the class struggle
between thc capitalist class and
Ihe working class to be a
struggle for political supremacy, 1. e., possession of ths
reins of government, nnd whieh
necessitates the organisation of
ths workers Into a political
party distinct from and opposed to all partlss of ths capitalist class.
If admitted to membership,
I hereby agree to maintain or
enter into no relations with
any other political party, and
pledge myself to support by
voice, vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the
program of the Sociallat Party
of Canada only.
Applicant	
Address	
Occupation ,,
Age	
Cltlsen	
Admitted to Local IN..
 Chairman.
• - ■ ■ Ree.-See.
VW
Union  Directory
W_>_ TV—   _—. . .... d
WtMB Tfc«y  Urri ;  Wil,
rl"r Mwt.
Kerry Labor linlou In
month     So-rcUrltHi ulrsM- sou
rh**teplate scard iei'tr''ii„.'^K.' J» •»
I'
••lit.
Phoeni* Miners* Union. M_ 7
W. F. M. Meet, ever, Sa5__.
evemng st 7..10 o'clock m llBS_
hall. V. Ingram, proshltat-
Pickard, secretary
**.*
**■ —S__ ,_£__•••-••
MM, MYMN-MBK I McCKOSUi
BARRIS-rKks. stun ITOU Kit
Tat. 89». P.O. Ilox, uaa.
HM TlaaUags St. . . Vaaeosv», Bc>
•***■**•«■>«-•**■•••*■ ■■•■>aaaa»_._	
Socialist Directory
_^_^_^_^_^__ ot th. Hotuii*
Party af Canada should rn • u,,
under thla head. 91 00 my smtu
Sacrrtortoa please note.
llriUrdi Cotambia Provincial 1 i..-»u„
Committee, Hocinllst Part) tfCto
ada. Meets every tlternals Twt-
dsy. D. G. MrKtn/n. S«
Box 8j6. Vancouver, II  (*
<-'rttMy,
Doonlntoa Bseratlte CotninUiM-, iu.
clallat Party of Canada Mm*.
every alternate Tnood i>- j q.
Morgan. Hecreury. Ill lurmri
Street. Vancouver. H C
Local Vaacoufar, No. I, K p. „t <««.
ada. Buslneaa meetlngi •.117
Monday evening at 1.- ■...'•.-
IngleaMe Block. Ill Can bit strtt,
(room 1, second Boor) I'Aiks-
Uonal meetings every Rends* tt I
p. m.. In SulUvnn Hall Carina:
Street. Pradark- Perry, sc-rrttur.
Baa m. Vancouver. It. r
Local Toronto, S. P. of <- —Keen ■*•>.
ond and fourth Tuesdays ■•-.-.*'.■*
lleadcjuaiters, US'* Queee -•-«!
West. P. Dale. HrcrtUr) tl H-nry
Street. Jewish Branch meetsssay
Sunday night, same hall
Local Winnipeg, S. P. of C. mem
every first anil third Sundai m tbt
Voice office buildini*. - | Kupcrt
are., at io:jo a. ir. I Cnioa,
Secretary, _j6 Prtnceii Street,
Winnipeg, Man.
l-*t.it-UtHii ltt*t.
The VOICE
Tin* Oldest l.alsir
Paper In «•niacin
Always a tearless exponent Is
Ihe cause of labor
Por one dollar the pars r sill
be seni lo eny adilresn for »ne
year.
Workingmen of sll countries-
will anon    reeognlse    th'- ttct
that they    must    support und
read their lsbor paperr
ISSUBD   EVERT   PBIDAT.
Tito Voir* Publishing O
Winnipeg.    Man.
IAL
MinerslMagazine
Weakly by ths
^^^^^^      W mun
A Vigaroaa Advocate of labor'*
Clear-Cut aad Aggroaelvs.
Par Year $1.00.      Six Month*. »*
Addraaa:
MUfBRS' MAOAZIM
Heaver. Colorado.
THI  WESTERN  CLARION
25 copies or over lo one
addrcss at tbe rate of one
cent per copy, No order
taken for s period of less
than three months.
S yearly sub. cards for |3.76.
Bundloa of 98 or more twptol. j_
one addraaa, for a period of -*•
months or mora at tha rate of tm
cant por copy.
Patronise onr advertisers.
eo vsa"»'
EXWUMNCt
_ -. —.._. ...« Business or Manufacture!**,
Knfrlnet'rs and ethers who reallM lhe advbaUI.
Iiy of having Ihelr Patent business transacted
ly KiperU. Preliminary advice het. Cluirge •
moderate. Our fsvantsr** Adviser sent upon
rc-i'iimit. Marlon £ Marlon, New Vork Life -Ida,
Moutical j aud Wosltlii.lon, D.C, 17.S.A.
TBSIW M■■R•",
DiSIONS
Oo^vnwHTsdc.
moo s-MSM a •nt'kjm'Jz"^^
■lv aeeseuin our opl_i';» '"".'„  „,„i,i'»
n!-__r*___Sbl,,_ik'uV_-d_oi - '" "
(Iflc America
SKaaPM-wssMssi-''.'*-1-
*.*i"«HV,mmiM»» Iatuw>av,
_EVT_-il>__l\ ittW.
tfti'.ll
mimtm
m wmt__i o-unm, tiwotrm. •_____ .wtwiiiA,
-k-ea-a
■aaasasuMw
nan.
......
PARTY MATTERS
®®#*OOO*OOOO*OOOOOI»0** $,$$ ^^
i
AND AIWCRJNCEMENTS I
VANCOUVER LOCAL, N'J. 1
Regular tn.-i ng Sept. 6. Comrade Pritchard nt tho --hair. Minutes
of previous nil sting re_t« and Hit-
proved.
- Cumiiiunic'-'-.ii. tronj Walter Thomas Mil li ashing fo' date to lecture.
Referred ti | re gram eon  tit toe.
Warrants    were    ordorud tlrHwn «*
.***ti,   IVS**
Po       din!
take ad-
In. at intervals, re-
conditions In their respective
rrieM columns hsve been placed at
i,N|.naal of the Party.  Secretaries
i nculs si- requestsd to
tugs eif  them
rtlng
, iii lea.   Communications under this
„l should he addressed to the Po-
iion or Trovlnclal Secretaries.   Lo-
rcretarlaa are further requested to
>h  to these columns tor announce-
mi from the Executive Committee •
U   ihis means the business   of   tl *i
,riy will be facilitated and tbe Do
llilnn   and     Provincial    secretarlett
,-v.mI of a little of the Increasln,
i. ii of correspondence.
-lumps  ...  17.00
STUDENTS OP SOCIALISM.
In otder to afford comrade* an
.. .tcccst to standard work* on
ilium, the committee hai decided
lay iii a itock of literature. Tbe
Ming arc on hand and will be
i (Mint paid lo any address at
ei tpjnted. Two-cent damp*
lir accepted for sum* not exceed*
.■   cent*:
I- origin  of tho Family.  (P.
.1 ii!*.'l*'    - «•       HO
Sn' nil    Revolutc »■  (Karl
|I.   ntsky*  -O
.   World's  Revolutions  (fr'i'i
-.i   I ntermann)        -Cfl
■ ■ socialists,    who    they arc
ind  whnt    thoy     stand for,
lohn  Hpargo)   f .M*
■ ■ Kvoltitlon of Man (Bolacho)    .M
den     Socialism    (Chas. II.
|\.nl)        '•*
as    Strugirles    In    Ameriui
V    If   Simons)         10
Communist     Manifest'
tKiri  Marx          io cent
ialism,   Utopian   and     ci-
:• tif ic,  Marx  tt  En**.'      .10 rsaft
k-r,   Labor   and   Cap°<i
Karl   Marx     j cent*.
Million ot the Working _'_*.*;
ms    Vail     -       .Oft
ciitista *nd Farmers, A. M.
Simoon S crr.t*
Other work* procured to order
tddreas the I. feral-ire .igcnt, Hax
IB. Vcincotivor   'I   C.
|   0 SKCURT. RIES OF liOCALS
LI8T OF  . '*VPUn
ear   Literal ure   Agent   	
f'leaiiirt:; hi adquartars   ,
i'.lec   *ie:  light v	
AdVfl i slog   	
Hawthornth'A-tiite'H   eZpSHai..
Ilent cit-  li..,i  nml  Orand
Thea'r 	
IWnncr    mi
trying stunt*
.. 6,40
, .50
. l.flft
. 4.11ft
. 5.00
,»1 50
„ 4.75
1 tlj
Cm
ed ch
Ing.   i
H|«'    \
 I'll Mil
uli-   "tit*.    Hurl*  wan appoint
n.n  it  next   Hunda)'a iiu*et
oturads  i nttlplana to i*e thn
V
t
I
l wa
IA  l'l  It
. let
'Miction
tnat i   m
nSAN-'IAI,
.on   Sunday
M.iiiilm
Sal. s
REPORT.
night $U7 75
nil-Ill smmmi
      1.00
      4.6.1
     B.45
Total
l'.-|.ort
piurii'.l
rerc Iveil   anil
FREDERIC
 *M 70
nifftlng   ml
PERRY,
Secretary.
r Mi tut Ions,     per cl.
rmbershlp cards, eaei
I , !n'ut loti blanks    ('*
[(orni)  |*or  100 	
v, 4.t„t-
.35
.01
-■-
'-nis  not   yet   having   n ■< tinted
I- ot reinvention ahoule     n so at
.Monthly    reports .    mid   be
in regularly.
r committee being a slocki >ld
i    the    co-operative    publishing
r oi Cha*. Kerr tt Co., can pro-
literature for the locals.at cost.
mpaign fund receipt bo ' "~
ready and will be furnis'.-n tu
i at io Vent* each.
POR THE SINEWS OF WAR
\* will be seen good use has been
"le of the moneys subscribed no far
' i he organising funds. Further or-
mixing: tours are under contemplation
funds are available. Further sub-
lipthms are therefore ur,fitly sr-
r-Itad as, with tbe great Interest that
at present being manifested In So-
llallsm, no bettor Urns could be found
r npreadlng    tho propaganda    and
Ming up tha organisation.
liOMINlON OROAN1ZINO PUND.
Tho folio-lag aunts have bam   n-
•<lv«d to data:
instance on hand Itt.BO
Wade, Port Hsrvey    6-0t
Totsl	
Forward all contributions to
I ><>M I MO*  SECRETARY
r«so
PROVINCIAL    ORGANIZING
PUND.
Tlie following amounta received up
" date:
llt.tlnnro on hnnd  1115.80
I A,   I.itulley    50
Total
•110.80
CAMPAIGN PUND.
It has been decided by the Provincial
I'xecutive to build up a central fund
Ito be used in generally assisting in the
koming campaign ana mote especially
inr the purpose of pointing and distributing campaign literature.
All comrade* wishing to collect
'or this fund ahould at once apply
to the provincial secretary for a receipt book. No effort should be
"■pared in building up thla fund.
The following amounta received up
to date:
Previously acknowledged ...
.i. p ;	
Two Clarion subs	
Total
$16.00
Forward all contributions to
rROVlNOtAL SECRETARY.
SOCIALIST   PASTY   CAMPAIGN
PUND
Vancouver Local
Previously acknowledged  |30.76
■1'imes llrntllev     300
.1.   D           1.00
..18-100
Frederick Perry, Secretary.
CORRESPONDENCE.
•   . ttnry   Prov.   K».   Committee,  8.
*», of o.s
1 ar t'oinracli'' F'ncloHt-d find order
fe i- «.'l fur whirl, please* sentl ine tlue-
stnif.ps to that itntount. I eipevt
you -a 111 BOM rc-c-elve. if you have
nol nlreruly, the appticutlon for a
shaft** from Michel. I don't know
•vhtit will i c clone with Coal Creek
it i t wo 'it o'lr most progressive rom-
-.uiwi ait* leaving there. We have
m-v t<. t many cle*ar-cut revolutlon-
i»' ■■ and ran ill-afford to lose any.
We are still hanging on and every
iiieev \ ,g ntn-r Nome new facc-s and de-
'..-nips nam phases of the movement.
■'•• are thinking of starting a clots
in ih ii.oimIi'h to niii't nnd learn the
priaclples of thi- movement. The Idea
.*. to muke it a progreMBive course of
Study on such subjects, as wage-labor  and   capit nl,   surplus,   value,  use
tlue. the materialistic conception'
.■I h'vtory, economic determinism, the
clo-s st ruggW • »f both ancient anil
ini*l*rn times, tno tlevelopment of
Hoe Ialism. pa».t anel present, etc.,
olt*.
lf cm have any suggestions to
make .is to what books to take up
lit i if Itnow. We are having a de-
• «t. on Sunday next Itetween myself
ami Comrade Harrington on Indlvld-
oaliam vs. Socialism, Wo an* still
brsal    ^' new ({round.
• -.tint in the Revolution,
W.  11. MOORE.
(Secretary   t-ocal   Fernie.
P.8-!   think  thc  suggestion that
Nelson Ix* tiie place of convention a
good   one   In   view   of   thc  Increased
Interest I  ing taken up country.
— o
INFDHVLATION     WANTED.
Tho n 'ni '_ parSners of the late
Tom Sin!i .ne anxious to be placed
in oommuu sation with Win. Smtrl,
brothei "f deoeoaad. For particulars
aitelrci-t. A Shilland, Mandon, B.C.
Other pajier- iilensc copy.
 o	
IDEALS OF OCR YOUNG MEN.
> it Gnorgt Washington, tne father
oi Ms country; nol Abraham Lin-
t Iii, the) freer of the slaves; not
.. os Wut» or Thomas Edison, be-
i. mi o» thiii inventions which save
nic.i -mc i lubor. Not John Howard, ph ithr.ipist, who was welcomed v n li iiodictions by tho poor
and sulT • d aiunnrr whom ho walked
a- l    iuf   I      nny   meuns   is  It   Jesus
' i-ist   whg     sjmnt     his   whole   life
ting.
is  aliuo.it  out  of  date even  19
schi nl   vanls    to   play   solcllpr-
Your   boy   nnd   mine   do   not
,,i  .     ling the heights of Quebec:    th   -»b   we old.     Nor  do  they
.i.rne  thornm-lves  in   the   halls  of
(•'• Int,ire Ilk' Pitt, with his ora-
voi■>■ nml stateamnnahlp loading his
nn* m onward They aro not Rapt- .tli piu.it ing nor llurnses singing
p, kim os they plow. No, Indeed;
tl y n nlining at no less a hoight
thi n that u|ton which stands J. J.
Hi. and lMorpont Morgan. It is tho
mnn with the automobile, the man
in his private car whom they look
up to—the ono who controls legislature for  private profit.
A young man of promise (for this
ago) late from tho eastern part of
our continent sat recently at our
table and conversed In this wise ;
"Down home ono need never look
for defects whon buying a horHO from
n neighbor or a -lolghlior's frlond or
a friend's neighbor. Ho will toll me
nt once, be the horse undesirable,
that that is not thc horse for me-
will refuse to Mill him to roe. It is
pcrfectlv snfo tu buy any goods without oven hiring seen tho property.
If found wanting it can always lie
returned nnd money gladly refunded.
Thero in one horse-trader to every
three or four toWM nnd he is considered im He will .heat but no
man of honor will <l«colve a buyer in
any wny. Everything is square and
above board thero. Bo, ***** T «-
rlvod 'out west' down In North Dakota I soon found out hem poor a
business man I was. Working In a
livery I used to go to rdoop **»th
door. open, never drenmlbg but
that the'owner who hnd Ihis birses
there to feed would waken mo to
pay when ready to go. Many a time
I awoke to curse my Ignorance of
modern business methods. I was tht
joko eif  tho establishment
i
..r
ht ro.
dr. nn
An em
ployer who had also come, hut previously, from my state, told me often
.iod tuuirht mo gradually how wrong
I   was—how     I'd  never get  on  that
■ itv. Ito sent me out to collect and
showed me how I was to 'get on' to
the wiliest and how to outwit the
shrewdest.
"Now I am nol so green—the other
day 1 got a bonus of $15 besides
interest at 8 |ier cent. on the sum of
9S0 that 1 loaned a fellow a few
months ago. All men. I And, are in
the fight with me to get on top.
l.'nless I 'got wlwj- and use all my
onergies to outwit them fby deception or fraud; | must lie content
ui a failure."
"My Ideal? Why, Morse who controls all tho navigation—owns tbe
boats and right of way on meist of
the great rivers ot Maine and along
its coast. A ship from another company once got stuck on tho rocks.
Morse's was the only help near. Ho
knew it ii mi charged 11,HIM' for taking her off nntl he got It too. Once
unci of Morse's old hulks got caught
with none of his boats to help. This
other company oflvrod to take her
• •If for $1,000 and thus get a little
even Hut Morse laughed—'Lot her
stay on the rocks ' He could well
afford to rlNk her going to pieces.
His boats were cheaply made any-
wa> -made for profits."
Morse' How the name shines with
glory to the lad in the Atlantic
navy or serving on M's private
yacht and how he dreams e>f growing
up like him Never mind the scores
of sgialler Isusinesm's -Morse has
wrecked In order to succeed. ('You
say Why certainly, we can't afford
to be sorry for the little fish that
must lie -witMowed, and that proves
ago in tho meanness of our social
iiiBiHirnlity.') Never mind the suicides, nnd bankruptcies be has
mused. His broken promises, etc.,
were shrewd business methods. Ile
hus succeeded—that is enough.
The morals—ideals—of an age are
determined by the way in which its
|>eople make their living So says
Karl Marx, the grant Socialist. In
that eastern part 'if our continent
the cradle is still used in harvesting, the flail for tmeshing—few men
are employed by others, small capital is the rule—little exploitation-
few millionaires. Th.-re business methods can lw honest though such absolute business morality as here recorded may be somewhat exaggerated. Out west we see on the contrary big farms, big factories, big
machines—m.;ny hired men—swift
work — vast exploitation — speedy
road to fortune. No lime or chance
for  the  old-fashioned  honesty.
A young man here is weak if not
shrewd. Quoting from thc Illinois
State Platform of the Socialist
Pnrty 1000 : "Honesty and morality
in business are synonyms ot incom-
petsacy,   failure  and  bankruptcy."
I   Kny  to  our  friend  at  the table:
"Hut isn't it horrible, this living liko*
bettstK  in  a  Jungle,  to pounce upon
those   less     alert,   trusting  no  one? j
Would it  not lie great to live so that t
none   need  take  udvuntagc?      Cnderj
Socialism  all  workers  must  be  paitl I
the full  value of  what   they produce
and bo no profits nre left in factory,
mine  and   field.      If  one  man  gets
ahead it must lie because he actually
proe'uees more of use to society and
n  •   be ause he  has eyes to see the
failings  of his    fellows  or as capitalist is able to enslave his companions through wages, hours, etc.
Vould nut that he fairer, pleas-
ai.ter. produce better men?" And our
friend   answers:   "Ye-*es."
What do you answer? Whnt of our
capitalistic morality?
BUItA LOWRIE.
o	
The ease with which a couple of
train loads of "strike-breakers"
could lie recruited In New York tor
the purpose of breaking the strike of
the Sun Francisco carmen, throws a
Valuable light upon the terrible
sea -i' .■ of labor that is at present
hampering tho industrial development of the United States.
mis kmmm shuts
(Continued from Face One.)
program is the program of all
Socialist parlies. Dlllerence between
the purties consist in tactics or tho
ttest wuy to set about reaching the
common goal Some are affllctod
wlth an up|iontlix to the program
denominated "Immediate Ileum nils."
which gives more trouble to its owners than its vermiform iinmeMiike ;
others have the "economic" bacillus
running rampant through their liter-
alure am' speochos, compolllng them
to continually refer to tho "ciues-
consclous economic organization"
which is to bo ready to take over
the industries of tho nation whon
tho "fighting cluss-conBclous political organization" has obtained soll-
ticul power. If there were no doflntto
Socialist parties thero could be no
differences. We have yet, mothinks,
to hour ot a definite single-tax political  party.
•   •   •
Onlooker is right whon ho says
capital is tho result of labor, therefore ll should belong to tho laborer
Is whnt tho Socialist says. I_>nd Is
not cupital, hut, at present It is
used as such. It, Is used to exploit
labor and Is one of tho things that
must l»e owned collectively, hut what
Is the use of land, city, agricultural
or nilnoral without Tools?
• • •
Whatever may be tho exactly correct definition of rent, It la twin
brother to profit nnd Interest, which
last Henry (leorge considers natural
and right. Rent, Interest and profit
aro divisions of tho value over his
wages produced by tho laborer antl
stamp tho recipients ns robbers. Tho
coupon clipper does no more for tho
intercut, ho drnws than tloes tho landlord for his rent. Hoth obtnln "un-
euriiml   increment."
• • •
Onlooker says wages nro not regulated by tho cost of living, but by
tho ease of access to natural opportunities. Tn (Ireat Britain access to
natural   opportunities   Is  absolutory
impossible to the prcopertyless worker. What then regulates wages In
thnt country lf cost of living does
not? In Western Canada we have
access to agricultural land and to
limber land, but wages hover around
the subsistence level with us and
overcrowding is caused by wages being below the level of a decent subsistence in so many cases.
*    *    *
Onlooker quotes the "Appeal to
Re-uson" to show that. Socialists are
shifting their ground. As the Appeal
is not the official organ of any party
thc quotation only shows that the
writer is shifting his ground, if, indeed, he ever knew where he was
standing. Onlooker says that according to this writer Socialists desire to obtain possession only of the
"greater material moans of production." Heing but seldom a reader of
that somewhat hysterical journal,
the Appc-al, I have missed the article
in which the above appeared. I am
sorry, for it must have lieen a gem.
In any case this utterance does not
apply to that definite political party
—tbe Sociulist. party of Canada.
• • •
Fresh fields and pasture- new claim)
the presence ot Spartacus, and they
are distant, so that no'more will his
signature appear at the foot of this
column. Through heat and through
cold, through busy times and
through slack, this column has been
filled for some years now, and there
is evidence to show that it has been
read. One good friend thought it
was "silly stuff" and published his
opinion on the subject. Another decried it as "materialistic clap-trap"
while yet another thinks the Voice
would hc better without that Socialist stuff, all of which goes to show
lhat the present ap|iearunce of the
pernicious column has caused some
little stir, if ever so little. There
have also been compliments of another kinr* for which many thanks.
The praise of comrades that know is
valued, but this column has been
written to reach those that do not
know and if Spartacus has been the
means of spreading the light among
working-chess readers, he is more
thnn repaid. This column, for the
present at least, will probably be
discontinued, and thus will be removed a stain from the pure white
respectability of the Voice to tbe
great joy and contentment of some
that profit by the present system of
robbery.
SPARTACUS.
I       AGENTS WANTED       I
S •
9
9
I
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
YOU CAN MAKE A LIVING ANO HELP TNE CAUSE
BY SELLING
THE JUNGLE
For tbe
Campaign
Fund.
Having been antfctriztd by
thi pvblskers tf tbe Western
Clarion to receive tibi at the
regular rate-$1.00 per year
an* apply one ball of all money
receive! to tbe Central Campaign Fend, yon are earnestly
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direct to me. Either renewals
or new sabs, to be taken for a
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Years for a generous Campaign Fund which means a
vigorous campaign.
0. 6. McKENZIE,
Prov. Secy.
Box 030, Vancouver, B. C.
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$ prices.   The book is now ready for delivery. 9
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Mow York. THE WESTERN
CLARION,   VANCOUVER,   BRITISH  OOLtJIttU,
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BA-TtfflPAY, 8EP-t_fBER 8, i(^
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! NEWS AND VIEWS
I   /MOWN OB EXPBESSEDJTM^^ THE D0M,M,0M   S
• Edited by R. P. rirn*-_--l*X>*_, to whom aU con-essence for this depaitmcnt should be sddrcssed.        9
99999999®®®®®
SOCIALIST   PROPAGANDA
IN   VANCOUVER
LAUGH'S   PREP -RATOttY
FARLUMENT IN   SKSSION
CITY.
After Years of Persistent Agitation
By a Few Revolutionists, Vancouver Workingmen Are Arousing
and Mean to Assert Their Manhood at the Polls—Such UniAy
and Enthusiasm Never Before
Displayed.
It is quite true that the Socialists of Vancouver have held some
enthusiastic and bumper mass meetings in this city during the past
two or three years ; hut never in
the history of thp movement in this
province has there been such intense
interest munife*8ted on lhe part of
the workers us during the past two
or three months.
Every hall in which meetings are
held—Sullivun Hall, Grand Theatre,.
City Hall—were packed to the doors;
In fact at the Hawthornthwaite
meeting four weeks ago, hundreds of
Iieople wore turned away, though tho
seating capacity of the Grand iheatn)
is over 1,000. Kingsley's mcMtrfng
two weeks ago was a bumper one,
while Parker Williams' meeting last
Sunday night caused the "S.R.O."
signs to be hoisted.
The climax for the season, of
course, was last Monday evening's
meeting in the City Hall, when
Comrades Hawthornthwaite, Williams and Kingsley were present.
The gathering of such forces, however, proved to be wholly unneces-
sary. Never since tho Mortimer meeting* has there been anything like it
in      Vancouver. It      had       been
heralded        broadcast        by the
local Liberal press that they
had a champion who was prepared
to prove Comrade Hawthornthwaite
to be everything but a gentloman
and a Socialist. Here is the challenge :
*I would be quite pleased to meet
the smooth-tongued orator on thc
platform and allow the audience to
judge as to whether or not my reasons then produced, would not
convince the honest workingmen,
that he, the saitl Mr. Hawthornthwaite was in rejality a political monstrosity and a traitor to the cause
of honest toll and the workingmen.
GEO. T. KANE."
Mr. Kane came and received a fair
and square hearing ; but to tell thc
story of what followed would be
cruel ; even "the paper that prints
the facts" decided that it must use
discretion as to what portion of
the "facts'4 should he selected itir
publication.
There was nothing left for Comrades Williams and Kingsley to do
but conduct the obsequies Hawthornthwaite had administered thc
knock-out drop.
The meeting, however, proved a
boon to the Socialist movement in
Vancouver.
The Socialist campaign is always
on ; but as the day for vote-counting approaches, It will bo necessary
to secure thc Opera House for our
meetings.
If old-party politicians are not
burning midnight oil in this city
ere another year has passed it will
be no fault of Vancouver Local S.
P.  of C.
cal on August 30th, making seven
in all in less than a month. Herman will probably go into the Coeur
cl'Aliene district, Idaho, for a low
dates.
One ot our candidates for congress
Comrade J. Hi Uarkley, is preparing to cross the State to the Sound.
Uarkley has alarmed the little profit-
hungry merchants in Eastern Washington, and he is liable to do the
same thing over here. His voice
does not sound good to the fleecers.
He-haR a tnlent for stirring up the
animals, lf he reaches your community be sure to give him a hearing, and help him to enforce his
message.
From many parts of the State
come inquiries for speakers, but
these culls are so widely Separated
that the cost of reaching several
points, precludes us from making the
attempt.
The profit-hunting merchants of
Tacoma nre threatening the religious
street meetings, since Boomer made
his  tulk    recently    on  the corner  of
platform undertook to stump for the
limn upon whom a few years ago he
had poured such contempt anel contumely. Since the election ihe genial Willie has become the inigusl
Governor ot the Yukon.
No. 3 is by far the most interesting case of the three, and shows in
the most ritinnrk_bie manner how
Smith leaves no stone unturned to
secure re-election in his burning desire to serve the interests of lubor.
Mr. .lame* Iiunsmuir was Ralph's
third supporter Ralph himself wus
asked about and did not deny it,
and the "Herald," by one of those
silly blunders i' mi always com*
minting, announced that Iiun.-unuir
Imd kindly placed the tug Czar at
Smith's disposal It is hardly m-c-
eesary lo try to hit olT Dunsmuir's
character. Everybody knows he is
lhe coal king of the islund. and that
in a measure that no other king has
succeeded in doing, he has put himself above the law. He operates his
great interests on the avowed principle,   which   has  everywhere  ol**e   in
The thirty-ninth annual Trades
Onion congress opened at 'St.
George's hall, Liverpool on Monday
last, with the largest attendance on
record. Four hundred and mui-ljr
delegates wen* present, represent Ing
over l..*iO0,OO0 trades unionisls.
Thirty labor iiiclnhcrK of the house
of commons participated in Uie
meeting, compared with seven at Inst)
year's congress. The American Ted-
fiat on of T.abor was represented.
Their dc!iIwralions will he watched
with interest by every worker ln
America.
AN  KA9Y ONE.
Fire Hob Green from a Socialist
administration*? Well, rut her ; anel
every last mothers son of his legis
luting tribe—tba flunkies of capital.
OUR
Cascade Beer
Queen Beer
Ale and Stout
Sells all
Over the
Country
Specially Recommended.
The Vancouver Breweries, Ltd.
Telephone 429
-o-
\ (JIKUY FOR I'VIONISTS.
How nuny trade unionists in Vancouver would vote for Billy Dowser
ns president, of their union?' "#80 n
month Is enough for any workingman
lo live on"   How do you like it?
12th   and   Pacific   avenue
Boomer's ' the   British  dominions  been  abrogat
THE WAY THKY DO
IT IN  WASHINGTON
TACOMA. Wash., Aug. 31— Comrade Emil Herman has been having
much more than his share of fun. Il
seems as if the Dutch are always
lucky. Herman so confused the re-
publico-democruts at two places as
to cause them V resort to the last
argument of the Uod-and-morality
combination. The crowd was with
lOmll, and did not conceal this fact.
This made the profit-hungry little
merchant sick.
Emil lias organized six locals and
aroused general and intense interest
in the cause of Socialism.
Emil was routed for about twentj
dates in Stevens Co., but the demaii'l
for his continuance there has been so
great that thc secretary is trying le
arrange to keep him in Stevens Co.
for  ten  days  longer.
Comrade fleorge E. Boomer has
filled a number of dates on the
Sound and with entire satisfaction
to all conccrnetd. From Clipper
comes a call for hie return at an
early date. A comrade writes from
Clipper saying : '-Sloomer made the
best Socialist spec-ch here that was
ever delivered in this place."
From all parts of the State come
very encouraging reports,  but  there
undoubted growth of Socialist sentiment. The comrades in these locals
seem to think that ho long as there
is a suffstantlal growth of sentiment
there is nothing further to be done,
and they fold their hands. This is
a most serious mistake. At such
times we should redouble our efforts.
We need to realize that unless organ-'
izetl, moro Socialists would have
little value and 1 iltle force In emancipating our class.. It is organisation that wc rely upon to give
force antl effect to Socialist sentiment.
TACOMA, Wash., Sept. 4.—Emil
Herman In still among the farmers
of Stevens Co., and he reports that
there is much interest taken in Socialism In most communities over
there.    Emil' organized   another   lo-
talks seem dangerous to those who
live in palaces and ride in costly automobiles.
Boomer will fill a few more dotes
on this trip, and then return to his
home. But there* is a demand for
the work that only Boomer can do,
and it is possible that he may bo
induced to spend thirty days in the
campaign as speaker.
The State Executive Committee of
Washington hopes to have six or
seven speakers in the field soon.
Every Socialist in the State ought
to render all the aid in his power,
and there is not much doubt that
most of them will do so.
D. BURGESS.
'THE  COMMON  ENEMY"
IN   NEWCASTLE  RIDING
Island Coal Miners are Daring to
Take a Deep Into the Game of
Capitalist Politics as Played by
"Friends" of I„bor a la llalph
Smith—The New  Hole Card.
is a tendency, on the part of some of
our locals to rely too much upon the-l haps by the political respect hisuc-
LADYSMITH, B. C, Sept. 1 —
The election which ulmost everybody
a few weeks ago seemed to conclude
was Tight at hand, has apparently
recede*! out of sight. As a topic of
conversation it hns lost all interest. There is little talk about il
and hardly any speculation, nol even
in Ladysmith. Of course tho boss-
men, politically und literally, with
their parasites, may still bc pulling
the wires, and they publicly profess
to be prosecuting a very satisfactory
canvass, but the feverish interest
and activity of a few weeks ago have
died away. At that time these political jobbers and petty grafters
reached an unheard-of height of public spiritedness. Tbey mutually
agreed to ciiscurd their parly labels
for the purpose of showing a united
front to the "common enemy," The
"common enemy" as our "Clarion"
readers may guess, i.s Parker Williams.
This joint action of the Liberals
anel Conservatives in the Ladysmith
district will be fully discussed in a
later article. In this letter, however, thc writer, liefore proceeding to
deal with the gome of politics us
played at Ladysmith, together with
the conditions of life, the social atmosphere and environinemt of- this
now Utopia, would like to go back
to an election that is over. It is
always wise to bear in mind that
un election over does not mean an
election done with. Quite the contrary, und there have certainly l«*en
some interesting sequels to Ralph
Smith's ''lection to the Dominion
House. Ralph was first of all u Lubor man and an independent at
that. That was before he bad got
thoroughly into the game und realized nil its possibilities. Now he is
a Liberal with I<abnr lacked on by
the (heels. Still he claims to be Till":
genuine ijtbor representatives aa, ni
course, opposed to the fanaticism of
men like Hawthornthwaite und Williams. Just take this claim in thu
light of the sequels I am going to
explain und compare it with that
which I shall litter put forward on
Utthulf of the "cej(mnion enemy" of
the Ladysmith politician.
Smith had three influential supporters at the last. election,, two of
them active on the platform, und -.
more curious trio could not be found
in the camp of labor the world over.
First there was Fred Young, a clever
Nanaimo barrister. As a politician
hc was a man of changing opinions
rather than of fixed principles.
Smith, however, by some means, per-
ed by custom and law, that he may
do what he wills with his own. Thus
he has coni'telled his workmen to
live, not where the*y preferred, but
where he willed. Two hours a day.
TWENTY-FIX* K days a year, ore
added to or rather taken away from
the workmen's life (He forbids
unions and the conditions t>f work
prevent any freedom of speech or
liberty of action, antl breed an atmosphere of suspicion nnd espionage
in which all manhood is choked. The
eight-hour law, which was made the
pretext by the Western Fuel Co. for
a reduction of the Nanaimo miners'
wages, hus lieen totally elisivgartleel
at Extension Mines. Anil the author
of all this was a supporter eif that
son of labor who claims still to
serve his fellows. Since the election
Dunsmuir has beet) made Lieutenant-
Governor of the province, the royal
representative of law and order. A
more maludorous political job was
never perpetrated. Smith's apparent connection with it will require
more explanation than was ever
found in'the wisdom of man to give.
These are the secpiels. Readers may
form their own conclusions anil muke
their own comments. One thing they
cannot get aw.if* from and that is :
The political fakirs of ladysmith in
singling out Williams as their "common enemy" paid him a 'compliment
and gave him a recommendation to
the suffrages of labor such us the
wit of his warmest i friends could
never  have compassed.
"ISLAN1IEU."
PHOI'KltTY AND SOCIALISM.
knowledgod ability had wein for him
succeeded In fixing Young as his supporter. Since tlie election Fred
Young has become Judge Young in
the Atlin District.
No. 2 is even u better known name
than that of .Fudge Young ; nnd as
a politician he has an unrivalled reputation U;V vi.u>!ifi and shiftiness.
Ho was always a greater danger and
dread to his friends than to his foe*.
And It is noteworthy that when
Smith run on the pure and single Labor ticket, Billy-for lt> is tho gonial
Billy Mcinnes to whom I am referring—had given hint the wildest and
most abusive* culling down ono politician ever got ffOW another. But
Smith had now convinced Mcinnes
of his political integrity and the
gonial   William,    so  terrible  on   the
THE- PINCTION (IF CAPITAL
Capital is that part of wealth
which is owned by one man and o|>-
ernted by another, yielding wages to
the operator and profits to the owner. A capitalist is one why lives by
the profits so obtained. A proletarian is one who lives by the* wages
obtained. A man muy own meuns of
production and help to operate them.
In that case, he tlr_ws his salary and
also makes a profit ofl his helpers.
He Is both worker and capitalist—a
middle-class man. This class in disappearing as is evidencing daily by
the puny yelps of disappointed lobbyists.
NO.  251 WANTED.
Anyone having a copy' of The Clarion, No. 251, will greatly oblige the
publishers by forwarding to R, P.
PcUipleec, 2.1 Tenth Avenue, East.
Needed   to  complete  file.        ..
PROPAGANDA    WEAPONS.
This is an age of concentration.
Thu man who does* things is generally a specialist, and an ull around
man who attains distinction in any
ono field is run;. Men who aro alive
to the intensities antl rapidities of
OUT own day huve less timo for book*
and tho subtleties and esoterics of
life than should bu the case ; but il
is a part of the price thut the great
muss of workers pay for their economic Ignorance. Those who know and
understand thc Socialist movement
must liend their energies towards
awakening thc non-Socialist portion
of the woikingcbiss. This because
wp can only "jetter our own Interests
by bettering the interests of our
class. And, probably one of the best
methods of reaching the workers is
by placing such rending matter a*
Tho Clarion in their hands.   Nut scd.
"LABOR DAY."
Organized labor in Vancouver took
a holiday lust Monday, tho duy graciously sot apart us "ijibor Day" by
the committee of tho Manufacturers'
Association. A good program of
sportH was run off under the auspices''
of the Tradea and Labor Council during tho nffornoon in Recreation Park
Throe bands provided music*, In the
evening over 100 couples enjoyed the
donee tn Myers' Hall, whllo many of
the participants in labor's effort to
act like free men and free women—if
only for one day—attended tho Ho-
ciulint mass meeting in the City
Hall.
The Wall Bitot Journal estimate-
that there must be fully 10,000,000
persons In the lnited Slates, representing u population of 50,000,000
who have proiKTty interest* that
would  turn  them  against  Socialism.
There ure :tlf*,7:i(* stockholders in
national banks, about 800,000 in
other banks. 1137,000 in rnilrouds,
about .lOO.OOO in industrial corporations. 5,789.057 owners of farms.
000,000 manufacturers. 42.O0O
wholesale merchants. 78.1MIO bankers
and brokers ami 7,fi9«.22i) saving*
bank depositors, or n total of 15,-
496,o21. Deducting 5.000,000 for
duplications there remain more than
10 OOP.OOO pertMMS who, in the opinion of Walt Street Journal, would
naturally Ik* opposed to Interference
wilh the riahts e>f private |*ro|*e*rty.
Assuming that each of these* repre-
•eents n family, the Journal can count
a certain population of 60,000,000
aguinst   Socialism.
The Journal's statistics may be
correct. but its conclusions can
hardly !••• maintained. While the accumulation of property in a general
Way tends to make the* owner conservative, it by no means follows
thut all persons with property arc
opposed to Socialism nntl that all
persons without property arc ln favor of Socialism. Some of the* most
prominent Socialists in the country
are men of wealth. J. O. Phelps
Stokes and Joseph Medill Patterson
may be named ns example*. Other*
like Upton Sine-lair antl Jack London derive Inrjie Incomes from their
writings, and possibly from investments. But even on the* basis of
property it i.s unlikely that n savings bank account would turn anybody against Socialism, and In the*
absence Oi other considerations the
ownership of n farm would not necessarily change a radical Into a conservative. As these two clamcs num-
Itcr more than 18,000,000 they eliminate nn overwhelming majority of
the Journal's anti Socialistic total.
—New York World.
 IHiiMIT SAI.KS-
■QUICK lu T! KNb
• AM. UfSINKSS STKICTLV (.OKPIDKNTMI.
W.  FURNIVAI* 01 CO.
AUCTMWICEUS, APPRAISER!. REAL ESTATE AND
COMilSSIM Atom.
LARGEST   MART   IR   VANCOUVER
Cor. Abbott A Cordova 8t«. Old Cos. Building.
BEACTIONAItY
TIONAHY
AND   REVOLU
CRIMES
If we may believe one of the newspaper correspondents from St. Petersburg, the number of persons
"executed" for political offences by
the Russian Government within the
Isst two years amounts to thc in?
credible total of 10,000, not tos, r-uk
of tho numbers mutilated, crippled
or transported. And yet we don't
hear of "thc unspeakable Czar," or
of "Nicholas thc Damned!" On the
tho contrary, whim in deference to
Socialist anil Kadlral opinion the
visit of the British Fleet to Kron
sladt was abandoned, thc retreat
had to be coveml by the fact (or
Action) of an "uffectionato letter
from the C/.nr to King Edward requesting postponement. Fancy "Abdul the Damned" being allowed to
write affectionate letters to King
Edward In this way ! But the fig
ures from St. Petersburg, If true
arc also interesting from another
point of view, and that is, as lllim-
truting once more the holtowness and
hypocrisy of lhe conventional class
historian in "shrieking" over nn oc
cantonal act of severity em the part
of a popular revolutionary purty.
This is still further reinforced by a
Inter statement contained In the
some? telegram to the effect that 3,
000 prisoners in connection with the
Into naval revolt were to lie refused
counsel, to be tried with closed
doors, uml that, no appeal was to be
allowed. Now, It. in noteworthy that
the above recalls precisely the pro>
cedure of the Revolutionary Tribunal
at its worst under Robespierre. And
whut diatribes have not historians
devoted to denouncing tho Infamy
(which it undoubtedly was) nt this
procedure? It, will bo interesting to
soe whether the respectable moder
ate historian of the Russian Revolu
tion will hnve tho same language to
uso of the Csar and Ornnd Dukes as
his forerunner hnd of the Terrorists
of the French Revolution. But the
indignation of the respectable class-
interest historian is generally reserved for acts of popular insurrection,
just ns tho respectable rlasMntcrcnt
Journalists' "thrill of horror" Is reserved exclusively for outrages that
are perpetrated by Anarchists.— Tendon Justice.
If the laborer Is paid for whnt he
does, how Is It that he never has
anything like nn equivalent of the
products of his labor? How Is it
that some ono olse gets rich off hjs
labor?
TOIL
"Toil is merely one of thc Inwt-
cupublc Conditions of existence. whlcH
we should accept us a wccMtitj and
without either joy of a *tre*miail."
remarks  one   of   our  exchanges.
Webste>r defines labor, toil ami
drudgery ns follows ' "L*t>or implies
strenuous exertion, but not nece-nar-
ily such as overtiuvks the* f«cultii*s ,
toil denotes • severity of labor which
is painful nnd exhausting ; drudgery
implies mean und degrading work,
or. at Ie,iRl. work which wearies or
disgusts from the minutei'i**** or dull
uniformity "
Thc* Klivnge and tile barbarian, it
is true. e"X|H>neU*t! IWirgy in ord«*r to
provide thc things rts'uisitc for their
existence. But ns this was determined by their nun iM-tib, and rts-|Ulrc*-
ments only, it could not have ln*eit
painful and exhausting, but, on the
contrary. a pleasure. Toll and
drudgery, to these, our primitive an«
cewtors, must hnve Iteen things unknown.
With the advent of civilisation.
however, all this was changed. The
free Mivnge and barbarian, who e«-
(M'tiiltsl energy only for the purpose!
of supplying their own needs, were
stirc'cftled by the slave who was driven under the lush in order to leatiMfy
the avaric ions demand* of the muster
who had enslaved him. The free lalior of the mivnge and bnrlmrian,
that could bring naught but pleasure
ttecntise it was expended for the satisfaction of their own personal need*
alone, became thc toil and drudgery
of the *!ave who wo* forced to not
only provide for hi* own meagru
needs, but satisfy the extravagant
and brutal demands of hi* master
a* well.
The toil and drudgery of chattel
slavery was pasM*d on lo the? feudal
serf of the middlo age*, and thence
to hi* wii|*e slave successor of today.
The modern toilers carry upon their
*-*»«*«•««»***■ U UJ u . .  ^
harks not only the burden nf ttar
own support, hut thut «.| ths. tnu*t
hungr>. avaricious, unaci-apsla^
brutal, ocas-ting titut rut throat nay
ter clnss that ever buri'-<l it* fa-ifi
in the* flesh of labor That «hi<hi)»
ancient slave did for his master ■.
also detne by the wagr &tave ..I to-
day, only that the .-•!»• • <<i >
latter I* multiplied man) liinei I-*-
i'« use of the more power!,; ^nU nnd
marhlne*  with  which  he  «..r_t
Were* the lalior mstosssry U, pretidt
t*vt material re*** ui ni <«•« ol rxtsumn
tor all. so elbtlrlbuttxt *s tu (ill
equally upon thr able-boda-el wra-
hers of aesrlet.v, the toil tend lintdj-
ery of alavrry would luniab, !*-
cailNi) slavery itaelf •»"»!<! It to
more. The labor Hr**-«*t-»»r\ '" *»p-
ply all with the rierr-Mar ,n«l urn-
tori* of life Would once more Urunr
a pleasure because It would lie »
ttcii'led hy Irvr men for •,!.. »..i.*.<«<■•
lion e>f their own needs Toil t» n-A
an "inescapable condition -I <■*._,■
tpnee," for any creature on ■ -rib «•
«_pt a slave. Toll nml dm
for horse**, oxen, ssseii und irt_S
iemr-l«*ggt*d beasts of bunt' wet to
two-legged donkey* who are wi it-
void of sen-ee anil rooJtonin** Uiultwt
as to use lhe*lr political \,vrt Us
the parfM.ae of atsrurinti I" »'» o Hasten, the privilege ol rUI ■. n~*
their backs;
_,,..
Bryan, the Nebraska -suel .i_nw
has returned frtim hi* trip •rosed
th* world ; be has Iteen wale., n_ei »i
Xew York by an ImmwiMi tbr«m| of
his admirer* and be ha* <<• wla
sddrt-s. All doubt as to n« l*.**:
tbe only and genuine Dry-"1 •* ■**"
moved by a rarefu) porunnl ef tb*
*l**-erb aa reported in -»•- dstit
prem. It is the name '«« **l1"rr<l
thst he has "-re-en doHa-ssiug WW
since he flmt broke loons »-■ « *k_l*
wind. Its perusal furr.lwc «<■•* "-
■how that hc diHMnt- ssio- ■■■«> l<*»
now than hrt. diet bnefeire he startld
on the trip, tire any, mmm wrier, to
that  mat t«ri.
♦♦M-mMMMMMMMMtM
! BURNS & CO.
HARDWARE a*
: Second Hand Oealtr
Cook   Stoves   and   Toots   a <
Specialty.
We have n (urge tpiuntity ol
glu-ot fruit jar* for utile. Pints,
oOc |ier do/en ; r-uurts, flOc ;
nntl 2 quart*, 70c
Stores— 137 and ij8 Cordova
St. E.
I Hardware, Junk and Furniture.
1171      Vmmww, 1.1.
f ♦MtMMttMMtMrt
• IM»f»»Mf MilM »
C   PETERS    totttkai |mi
U.   rC I Cnd     mttAemtbge
Ifstid-Mscte Boots ■nil Shots to order In
•II slylrs.   Kcpsltins ptani|-ly and ut*at-
ly clone.     Mock   of staple:  rrady-niMl*
Shoes always on hand.
UU InMMn An.     ■•est Ptetust.
WA<M_-LAB0R
AND CAPITAL
BT KARL MAUX
Mngls   eoples,   i   eem-
coplea, tB cents: IS oopb
cents;  40    eoples.  fl.oo
copiea and over,  I cent-
copy.
These rates Include ■»'•'-"•-'
lo any part nt Cnnadn *i i**-'
United Kingdom,
t
"Tht Weitero Clarion'
WHRN lit VA.VCOUVKfl, STOP &
TBI   DOUGALL   HOUSE
ABBOTT   8TIIKET.
-Int dass Bar.       EsooUent i-""****--
CAPE   ItVKH   DAV   ANI»   NlOlfT'
l**Ttoee Moderate.
BARUS   HEATERS
A cheap wny of heating an isolated room, (or any room for thai
matter) in by tho UnkUB Heater, which uses gas for fuel.
This Heater is gotten up in the shape of a grate fire, but ll*"
KiiH logs are filled with water. After the water Is heated the R''**
is turned almost ofl and tho hot water throws off a oomfortnble,
even hent at a vory low cost.
Vancouver Ou Company. Ltd.
1,.,' i %,umA,u,i,mmt.'itaiifm^«nm\m>iii,m.tmmm'min,mt'»m!rmot-

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