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The Western Clarion Nov 11, 1905

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Published in the Interests of the Working Class Alone.
NOV 111905     -^l
Vancouver, B. C,  Saturday, Novembfr ii 1905.
nbacrlptlon Pries
Social and UdmtrUI CoadltloM Reviewed by Stcnehenge In The Winnipeg Voice.
E   •, review
Komli'io"8 in
of  social  and  industrial
Ilritain   which  covered
of    the  community
l„n|y   wctmns
ijld   bo  valueless    or misleading,
, covering the whole for a lim-
L'ittd pn-'itK-
WDowr,- wo»d ^ eiVlaily 80 ,or
llobvi,.us man ,     not   that  tho  best
' j times over remove or very   much
I Limit.-    Poverty  and   its  resultant
*ir*  hut  becausd of the varied  and
haunting ihaieeter   of  modem    in-
jusiry- , ...
\ ir*' |ierspoctlvo can only Ikj ob-
_lntxl by comparing conditions today with .t period sufficiently remov-
Jjln I,,,,,' to make the comparison
-real I*"**-' -*-y "♦""nrs an*' some-
,hat varied experiaOOO enable ine to
administration is thc most wicked,
odious and contemptible in history,
and it seems to have some claim to
the distinction. It deserved one appreciation, however, like tho Laurier
ministry, it has been mindful of the
Deeds of its own members, and it.
has been true to the class it represents. If it has flouted the work-
in-,- class with u little more arrogance and dispensed from Ihe treasury a little more for tin- benefits of
parsons und landowners, then these
must be taken ns constituting the
chief difference between Tory and Liberal policies.
The obvious fact that both parties,
liaw-, und must have one economic
policy     and     attitude     towards   thi
do this, i*'1'1 looking I*1***1- ■'•■■ a Ben-J, working dass has at last become flx-
erntiun ft'"1 "'(,ro - *-m ■*'"",'c<* to lhc
tonch-lon, allowing for an advanc-
inj- gtaadard of life common to the
nHtdle and best paid sections of the
working classes, that poverty has a
tanlt-r grip on the wage-earner than
m 80 years ago: That his hold on
lifi' is less secure, and as a conse-
own c contains less of hope, of
brightness nrnl satisfaction. Facts
published from duy to day, statis-
tiis ami common obnerviatlon ull
pwc- thnt the now famous statement nf sir '-!■ Campbell Bannennao
to wit, that "12,000,000 persons in
the British Isles were practically
paupers,"  i-   infamously  true.
England is the classic land of ca|>-
Itallsm, Here machine industry on
ine grand scale had its birth and
finds its truest ik-velopment. Through
good times and bod the aggregate
Health Increases, und in the same
ratio the condition of the worker
-To-vs: relatively and even absolutely
In rendering this verdict I am by
no im-ans overlooking those changes
ami Improvements in social conven-
ii'mv commonly designated "Signs of
Progress," and free to everyone who
has the time and price; improvement*
in transportation, recreation, etc.
All these, however, point to whut
loial life might lie, rather than
«hat it is. They indicate potential-
Itj rather than realization. The vital (one ol the average workingman
1> too far cotuaimed in toil and anx-
Kt.v to have much to simrw for ro-
ip-ntji.n uml culture of a beneficial
Wnil. and go far as he docs indulge,
it is mostly ul the cost of some
needed home comfort.
After u century of industriul activity unafuallod in thc world's history
laden with a corresponding increase
in vnulth lirimin finds herself in the
sanMi p<*,iij„„ ns (no ("reeks some
nnturics before our era. She has too
many working helots for mainltaitiing
•>'■* system of wealth production.
She cannot, likc thc t!reeks, hunt
-hem down for sport, nor kill thorn
Outright, except in small numbers as
" Petcrloo nnd Feathcrstonc. Nei-
-**-• can she ndopt the whimsical
*gge8tion of Carlyle, salt and bar-
"'' them for victualling the navy.
TO* methods nre a little out of fa's-
hlon in these times. Hut thc sociul
"""reel-age that accumulates in spite
01 slum life and infant mortality,
roust he cleared away by some moons
'he fostering hideous ulcer of novcr-
V becomes burdensome and dangcr-
moreover it offends the fine
of     lho    ruling and owning
"sues whose political and industrial
Wiley have created it. 'Ihe plan
most in favor just now is that of
"» social scavenger, with General
"u«*th as scavenger in chief. But to
»uw that  the stupidity  of  the  rul-
u_ l,'!*s*s mo"'° tha-- c-jjuals its blind
«m blundering rapacity  Hooth wise-
y refuses    to touch tho submerged,
Z. residuum,    tho inefflclonts.     He
"ants lor  the  colonies   the    strong.
w moral,     the capable,   in a   word
1 "»   class    sorely    needed,  nnd   for
11 n there is ample room in Ilritain
j. U*J-'18" her own resources.     With
•   million acres of the richest land
1,1 ," B'obo' thtfpftople of the  Brl-
"■ ,1'|es could moro than toad them-
.""'* without what is called into
,.  '  "•"'•'vation,  but   it     suits     the
li    ' "■""•sr-'-'ing, rent collecting po-
\lirL,     th<'   "■•nsters of thc people's
hem ' n,llt ft 'hir«* ot this shall b.
"' "I  Ol;'
(ial 1
'* <if cultivation or only par-
,, • cultivated. Within tho last
j -wio more than a million acivs of
Si-? ***'" •*<1<-*-'*l ^ the deer
7.,N ol Scotlandi
for- n *'00'h "■••y h° h well-monn-
«A . ' "m,ly 'nnatics have been
itv _ii_    tno Becrct   ot I-*9 poimlar-
|hei,T „ ,ho ri,1*nK c*ass with whom
con.'" ? nnd hobnobs ls that hc is
not it." 1       'only wlu*  Bol-*a*  offocts,
I the f„ ,    'allB-'a. more still perhaps.
tics     1,    *_" he kooPs w,t of    Poli"
-wisnil sfhemc, even if    suc-
land ,1   , Wou,d    '••▼• Darkest Bng-
15" "•■••■•••I- sun.
•tunBrS|?ri'n8 "ndor thc   mouldy   and
[and v,.!,QU_    «r*--"tions of a thous-
,     *"-ars Ilritain blunders on. sow-
«*tW,r     wl,h    * }>nsy, strong
'.Wod 1      .' nna wiu- » M**W, l>ara-
Rfowt \y™« to P-*"* *"P the rani
I will ,„, .   Wnat will the end,    what
of cr „„   ■»"■-»* lie?    To  what Wnd
bha*' "    uo indications point?     To
flacteH      nt aro •,oc*al conditions ro-
fl«eti,)n'n, polltlc*-  Mto?     These     ro-
!lo the       "Y' mc try a natural course
hviow   "n(',URio** of my task, a brief
t llr'tain Political acUvity    In
ioiirin'.] ""adical     and   democratic
I Win     '1 a     ",eotn   agreed     on   one
' v"-.: that the existing    Tory
■il in the minds of the latter, at
least of that section of them politically alive. They see now, as of
course they might hav,' Been long
since, that the land, the mines, the
railways, the ships, the mills, the
machinery belong about ecfually to
UberalB und Tories, both are i;iter-
estiil iii protecting the same things,
lnoth live by exploitation of pro
ilueiive labor, both sit on the beck
of lhe worker, nnd Mt so close that
then.' is no room for any divergent
policy. Like   two  persons   sleeping
together in n very narrow bed, when
one turns his bedfellow must turn also, or fall off—-parasites, however,
seldom  fall   olT—unless stricken.
So far. so good, and it is a lone;
Step forward lo bring the workers
In any considerable body to this
point, viz.. the necessity for class
representation and Independent poli-
ti ul action. Here is where men on
ihe firing line stand today, besieged
with the laments and matronly pro-
[>o*n!s of their erstwhile foster-mother, those "Friends of the
People,"  the Liberal  Party.
Why the -working class in Britain
have lagged behind their Continental
comrades in the matter of political
solidarity and organization is a cfues
tiim m>t easy to answer; but a
glance at events comparatively recent   will  help  to a solution.
That a revolutionary spirit existed
in the working class for some years
l»-fore nnd after the passing of tin-
first reform bill in IH'12 i.s generally
conceded und a matter of memory t<»
Some still living. This hill was puss-
i*il io appease the agitation of the
workers and it was the exasperation
that followed, on finding they were
still excluded from tho franchise that
brought into ix'ing the Chartist
Movement, the finest and most intelligent expression of revolt agiiinsi
oppression ond injustice in recent
times. The movement was crushed
in the Russian fashion, by truncheon
bullet, snix-r nnd Imprisonment, The
passing of tho ten hours bill in 1817
iniliistrinl activity and railway construction helped no doubt to tide
over tho time until the reform hill of
1HI57 enfranchised most of ithe householders in boroughs, but it was not
until 1885 that the rural worker Im*-
lamo a voter, nnd it was 1871 before combination in trades unions
was legalized. Another restraining
influence extending over the most of
this period was the strong personality of of Air. Gladstone. Add to ihe
above the absence in Ilritain of much
of the autocratic arrog-hco ond brutality lhat helped to stimulate nnd
concolidnie Continental workfcrs and
we have. In part at least, nn explanation of lhe (fuoslion why the workers have made so |>oor use of their
political power, and so long trusted
in thc good faith of their exploiters?
But the mitigating circumstances noted no longer exist. The workers
are down to political bedrock with
hard limes in front of Ihem,, their
faith, for the most part, in the old
parties gone, ihey are compelled to
go it alone, This it is thai makes
Ihe pending gencrul election one of
great interest. Ulnny are being culled in the coming contest, how many
will Ih> chosen remains to bo told in
the future.
For reasons already indicated the
revolutionary spirit of Socialism
Idoes not capture the Conservative
Itritoii so readily ns his Continental
neighbor; his temperament seems to
demand a milder form of it. This,
however, is plentifully supplied by
the Independent Labor Party, n pro-:
fessodly Socialist orgnnitMitiion with
a large membership wielding n considerable influence in labor politics.
Its readiness, however, in the past
to throw thc mantle of its patronage round the many lib-Lab hybrids calling themselves lnbor candidates hns chilled its influence. It
claims now to be cleaning its skirts
of all heresy, nnd is carrying on a
very active propaganda.
The Social Democratic Federation
is nlso very active and has received
largo accessions to Its ranks during
the last throe months. Both parties
are winning numerous seats on town
councils, hoards of guardians nnd
other bodies. In Edinboto and
Loith thc Sociulist Labor Tarty and
S.D.F. each maintain an aggressive
Today wo hear the rumbling of a
social revolution in Russia. 'Tis not
the cruelty of the cznr that causes Ut
it is thc outcome of a system thnt
defrauds Labor of its product. 'Ihis
robbery of labor even lo the insane
limit of denying the opportunity to
labor exists everywhere. Behind the
sectional struggles is a groater   ono
man's    prostitute   and
growing more distinct for every
state. When the time comes for Britain I believe it will be found these
lines of Gerald Massoy were not writ*t
ten in vain,
llohold in bonds your mother, Earth,
Tho    rich
Your mother,  Karth,  who gave you
You only claim her for a grave.
Then    will    you die like slaves, and
Your mother left a fettered thrall?
Nay, act 'like men, and sot her free
As heritage for all.
Special cable to The Canadian
Newspaper Syndicate:
London, Oct. 7.—Women owners of
toy dogs have discovered a grievance which no doubt will elicit universal sympathy, awl may possibly
influence the next London County
Council  election.
The existing dissatisfaction has
pom created by the action of the
Dresden Municipal Council, which has
decided to erect almost palatial
swimming baths for the use of the
dogs of lhat cily. Connected therewith will Ix* a hair-dressing depart--
ment, where the four-footed visitors
will undergo the process of clipping.
curling and, finally, "perfuming with
the costliest scents."
"A similar institution has existed
for some time in Paris," remarked a
lady member of the Kennel Club. '-Tt
is a shame that London, which has
a larger doggy population—I mean,
of course, of the su**erior classes—
than either Paris or Dresden, should
have no facilities of the kind.
"We had to intrust our tiny pete
to inexpert maids, who have not thc
slightest idea how to trim or 'crink'
their charges' coats. And they are
so cruel—these maids! Ihey even
treat the dear little things less kindly than they  treat one's children.
"Besides, the ''kennel maids' are so
lucking in taste. For example, the
young woman who attends to my
three Japario'so spaniels actually tied
the 'top-knot'' of a liver-colored little fellow with a green bo.v. Just
fancy the color scheme—green and
brown! Bui the girl was previously
only a parlor maid, and had received
no tuition in tho science of dog tending.   Therefore,  she is to be excused.
'Now, if the London County Council would follow the example of their
more enterprising brethren on the
Continent, nnd erect swimming baths
nnd haij--di-essing saloons for toy
dogs, the little creatures would presumably receive the attention of people properly trained for the |K>sition"
It is superfluous to remark that
the baths nnd other accommodations
are only for dogs of high degree. Thc
toilet of the "prowlin* terrior" will
be made with a shake and a rub,
similar to that of the plebian biped,
known as the "wurrikin mon."
 O ——
The largest pin factory in thc
world is at Birmingham, Eng., says
the Springfield Republican, and 37,-
000,000 pins nre made there every
working day of the year. There are
so many pins made that every person in tho world must lose a pin
once in four days in order to keep
the supply up to the demand. Anyone who has picked up pins in his
wife's room will easily understand
easily how  the demand  is  created.
The average woman seldom    hear
anything about the appalling cannibalism of the struggle for life    and
money.       From  the  cradle to     th
grave sho is very much in tho position of a man who has a fixed   and
certain income over and beyond that
he accAiires by his own efforts.   Tho     At tlie call  of Toronto  Local     of
actual   battle  for   supremacy     never ln0    Socialist    Party of  Canada,  a
comes directly home to her.   Women         ,     „. /*,_,„„!„     __,.;„i-„*.,
.       ,.      .     ,.     .      a conference   of Ontario     Socialists
are  prone  to  underestimate  the- tc.-»
rors of this homicidal strife. The I wfts hcld -n tho Labor Temple, Tor-
look upon a man in business as onto, on Thanksgiving Day, Oct. 26.
I>eing who achieves large profits from The following delegates registered :
small «rU«H, and entirely escapes I Wm Wilklnson, Ingersoll; Wm. Peard,
the dull, plodding routine of    house-., ,.   „,       „   _,  •      _ T
kl-cping and children rearing t__tj0aU; Wm. H. Faber. Preston; Lome
they must face. As a matter of Cunningham, T. J. Hughes, Guelph;
fact, the average man, whether he be A'**-'x- Boyd, Hamilton; W. Bcllemare,
Ontario Socialists Gather Is Tortato For Tho Porooio 01 Oiiconiog Liaot 31
Adioa For Tho Fitiro.
a bank president or a da" laborer.
s|K*nds nine-tenths of his time performing drudgery of thc most depressing sort. It is a rare moment
when he is not compelled to do something that hc doesn't want to do. It
is a moment rarer still when .he does I ley and Mrs. Robinson, Toronto
not find himself in conflict with the     Comtade  W.  (J.  Cribble    o ganizer
aims   or    ambitions    of iome other tor  the  Toronto   IxK-al,   was elected
John McCahon, G. W. Harrison, Weston Wrigley, W. O. Cribble, James
Simpson, F. Dale, F. Peel, Jas. L.
Taylor, Ruoben Chshnetman, J. Wor-
sley, W. Pendleton, Thos. Kilncr,
Phillips Thompson, Mrs. Weston Wrlg
man.—Daily Paper.
Even the plutocratic press Is falling into the fashion of seeing things
in a not altogether untrue light. In
fact the homicidal nature of the dally strife upon thc part of the workers for bread,    and in the   I nisi ness
chairman, and Comrade James Simp-*
son, secretary.
Comrade Cribble, In a brief opening speech explained that the conference was called with a view to pushing on Socialist organisation. He
said there was a strong local in To-
world  for  place and  power,  is emits ront<- working on revolutionary lines
glaring enough to attract the atten- The Comrades knew  where and how
tion of any one less stupid than a
donkey, and yet if one were to suggest to the averabo capitalist sheet
that some more sane and harmonious arrangement of affairs might l*c
b'ought about b.v attending, first to
certain little formalities in regard to
a change in property rights, rt would
fall in'o a conniption fit at once.
However, no wage slave need lay
awake nights sorrowing over thc
homicidal strife going on in the business world. All the strife there is
over the division of his own hide
which he has already lost past recovery.
Tho introduction of a cut.stone
planer into the stone-cutting yard of
Nicholson, Curtis & Vick, was tbe
cause ot a strike of stone-cutters to
the number of •")--, yesterday. The
strikers say it Hs against the laws of
the I'nion to work in the yard with
ma nines.—News Item.
In the olden time, the workmen
used to smash the offending machine
when it made its appearance, and
threatened their jobs. We have lived a century or so since that time
and have, of course, made considerable advancement. Instead of smashing the machine, wo simply refuse to
work with it, which is less rude, and
alMiut as sensible withal. The machine, however, doesn't seem to bc
so particular as to what it works
with. A "scab" will do as well as
nn aristocrat and we may reasonably
expect that the business .of tho Toronto firm will go on as usual. The
intelligence of organized labor is
something wonderful.
o —
Some comrades over in Colorado,
are jubilant because a certain judge
decided in their favor when they were
arrested for street-speaMng. Nothing
to jubilate over. No victory has
been gnincd. He is liable to reverse
himself the next time. It is some-
■thing like a scrap for wages, What
is gained one moment is liable to be
lost the next twice over.
As Sworo To Under Oath By Tha Ollclali ot Tho Garooy Fooadry Gompiny ia
a Salt at Law ia To; onto.
The man who has neve
onomics laughs in derision when the
Socialists tell him the worker today
.Iocs not   got  one-fifth of  what
labor Vales.     The  following
Toronto     will give you
irraiu from     •  . -     ,       ,
some conception of the value placed
on the labor of apprentices by the
Gurney Foundry Company:
-The Gurney Foundry Company
has begun action against tho Western Foundry Company, of Wingham
claiming $19,000 because the defend-
aacompaiiy is alleged to have «*
I iced away fifteen awr-mticcs and
workmen. The taking of evidence
was begun yesterday by  the master.
»W H Carrick, first vice president
of the Ourney Company, referring to
one apprentice, Mallory by name.
said he estimated his services at $25
a ilav, but the wage he'got was sixty-two and two-thirds cents. Othor
men are declared to havo been worth
from $25 to $75 a day to the firm.
Some have returned to its employ.
Ordinary apprentices are valued at
S5 a day. The trouble dates back
to 1008, when thc Western Company
was started."
Ordinary apprentices are valued at
$5 per dny—and their wages sixty-
six cents iier day! And some of
them are worth from $25 to $75 per
dav Note the proprietary interest
the employer has in the worker!
What has become of the -boasted freedom of thc working ,c.lass? Not oven
permitted to leave one employer and
go to another! What difference between tho white slave' position and
that, of the black slave b-fore the
war? Any difference observable to
tho naked eye? Dr. Thornwell, a
supporter of tho chattel slave idea,
said in his sermon, delivered on November 21, I860, "that slave-holding
states will have to eventually introduce something so like slavery that
•r studied ec-  It will be impossible to discriminate
between them. seems   to
me as certain as the tendencies in
the laws of capital and rM>I«ilation toi
produce the extremes of poverty and
And hero you have tho "scheme"
so like slavery that it is impossible
to discriminate between the two sys
totns, lf the freeman today, laying
aside all controversy ns to what part
of his product tho laborer gets and
what hc is entitled to, Is not permitted to leave ono employer and go
to another who offers him greater
wages, in what does his freedom con
Virginia has enacted a law making
it a misdemeanor for any servant to
leave his master's employ without
that master's consent—-if tho servant contracted either verbally or in
writing to enter such employment.
Can you conceive of a man entering
the employ of another without verbally or in writing agreeing to such
proposition? In effect this Virginia
law makes every man in thc State
of Virginia a slave, subject to the
will of tho employer. There Is no
law which provides that the master
must give employment to the slave-
in this respect tho chattel slave had
much the best of the situation. All
tho laws today aro ln thc interest of
tho master class—and I defy ainy'iman
to point out a national law enacted
during the past twenty-five years,
which does not give all the advantage to thc capitalist.. Nor will
you find any effect ivc laws on the
statute books of any of thc states
favorable to the work people. Even
the horses end rows and beasts of
the field arc protected to a greater
degree by statute than arc work people.     And you think you have an In-
they were robbed and how to stop
the robbing. He then called for reports of conditions in other   places.
Comrade Wilkinson, Ingersoll, said
there was an organization in thrt
town when the leagues were organized but it had disbanded. There were
however, a number of good Socialists carrying on the work and a lecture b.v Com. Wauhope had done
much good and paved thc way for
other speakers. He said that despite the enthusiasm shown by the anti-thinking organizations, Socialism
was growing. '
"Which are thc anti-thinking organizations?"   asked  Com.   Wrigley.
The    daily  press and the churches,''  replied  Com.  Wilkinson.
Comrade Peard, Gait, reported that
the Local in that city hod been organized for five years, and during
that time had never l>een disbanded.
He considered it as good a local as
could be found anywhere, and there
wa* no city in Canada where there
was so much Socialist sentiment.
The charter members of tlie Local
were all Socialists yet. They had
not had many speakers, lnut were districting a large cfuantity of literature, having obtained 300 subscriptions for Wilshire's Magazine in a
few w<-oks nnd an equal ninnber for
the Appeal to Reason. An invitation had been extended to the Comrades to attend the Bible class of
Knox Presbyterian Church and had
been accepted. An attendance of 20
nt the Ilible class that Sunday, had
lieen increased to 250 and thc 8o-
ialists were enabled to do some effective propaganda. Waluhope had
made o good impression in Gait and
thc comrades intended to have other
speakers during the winter. The
Comrades had tried to ascertain
where they could send their Provincial dues, but tho secretary had om
itted to send his address. Whether
they paid dues or not they would remain Socialists- The politicians of
Oalt were ofrai J the Socialists would
put candidates in the field.
Comrade Hughes, Guelph. reported
a five year old local in that city.
An occasional Socialist speaker had
created much Socialist sentiment llnit
thc local was not growing. The disorganized state of the Provincial
movement had had a bad influence
upon thc local. The comrades were
doing considerable local work, but
were not in a position to do much
outside work. They were doing all
they could and conditions had improved during the post few months.
Thc Guelph local would not bc committed to any action taken by the
conference and the delegates were at
the conference merely as listeners.
Comrade Hughes did not approve
of small bodies legislating for the
Comrade Gribble said that the
movement" of thc past did not rocog--
nlze the class struggle and the materialistic conception of history. The
Socialist Party of Canada was now
working upon strict class conscious
lines. Tho conference would result
in a more determined effort to induce the Ontario Locals to affiliate
with the Canadian Socialist Party.
There was nothing at present to war*,
rant a Provincial Socialist Party,
and the best course wns to affiliate
with the National party. Thc members of Toronto Local were one in
fundamentals, but had honest differences in non-essentials.
Comrade Falier, Preston, said he
had been a member of the Gait Local for five years. A local had been
organized ln Preston last fall, but
had disbanded for the summer of
1905 and the comrades had not come
together yet. They were not relying too much on getting a large
me*ml>ership and preferred to establish the local along right lines. The
comrades had obtained 3G8 Hubscrip-
system, and had had better oppi ft.
tunity than most comrades, and h >>l
been forced to learn more. ln»
thought the Toronto Local was . - <
tablished upon more revolutionui -/,
basis than the outside locals, i,i,u
that was only an idea of his own,
and he might not be correct. A ye.if,
ago a convention had been held iu
St. Thomas on an hurried call. .\i
platform and constitution had bc ..
adopted and the secretary instruct, i
to have it submitted to the refer. i.»
dum. The secretary had neglected !ul
do this. At that time the morvemi.'iiu,
was run in a loose manner, and tle«
St. Thomas Local was not In goi l
standing in the Provincial organi. u ■
tion. it could not be expected thai;
the Provincial movement would |.j
right when thete was such a laxity;
in  the local movement.
"We are here today .with one oi .1
in view," said Comrade Wriglvj.
"and that is to build up a more revolutionary and better organiA I
movement throughout the, province. '•
Comrade McCahon, Toronto, sail
he had recently arrived from London, Eng., and had been told thuc
he would find no Socialists, but only
Conservatives in Toronto. He wn*,
therefore, surprised to have a «Sh-,v
of "The A.B.C. of Socialism" hand-'
ed to him soon after his arrival <uM
informed where he could meet tle»
comrades. He was glad there word
Ishmaelitcs in Canada. Comrade McCahon said he had been a memb-r
of the Social Democratic Party in
London for fifteen years. In loc;il
elections the Socialists were giv..u
strong support and in West Ham.
there were about eighteen menibei m
of thc Social Democratic Federation
and the Independent Labor Party iu
the Town Council. At first only onj
candidate was elected, but at subsequent elections tho number was iu-
creased and the paiwrs began to
think there was something in th»
movement when so many respectable
men were associated with it. Union
conditions'had been recognized on all
civic work and day labor was thi
principle adopted in all civic works.
The strength shown by Socialists
had driven the other parties into one
camp. The Liberals were dead in
West Ham, and the Socialists an.l
Labor Croup fought together. Th.i
Socialists had not yet returned a
member to the House of Commons,
but at the last election, the Socii 1-
ist had polled 5,000 votes, and his
opponent 6,000, notwithstanding tho
fact that the jingoistic sentilmc-nt waa
running high at that time.
Comrade Peard, Gait, asked what
was done at the St. Thomas convention; the Gait comrades were in tho
Comrade Hughes, Ouelph, said that
hc could not appreciate the actiou
taken at that convention. It was
not satisfactory, lt had been a mistake to call a convention on such
short notice. There were only tour
or five present who had attended previous conventions. The time had
been taken up discussing the platform and constitution of the Western Socialists, and two hours was
entirely too short to consider such
an important matter. Not long after the Guelph comrades had received word that the Toronto,Local had
joined the Western movement and
heard from London that the Provincial movement had disbanded. Ho
thouglht it was a mistake when Toronto  left the Provincial movement.
Comrade Simpson, Toronto, said
the Socialists of Toronto had made
no mistake when they took the uncompromising position upon revolutionary lines. There were false leaders of thc working class and the
times demanded that those who represented thc wage.workers should be
well grounded in the Socialist philosophy. There wns only one course
for the different Socialist Locals
throughout the province and that
was to affiliate with the Canadian
Socialist Party, whose platform and
constitution was in harmony with
the International movement. He stated thnt the time would come when
the Canadian locals would be a part
of tho International movement Just
tho same as thc trades union movement and that the Executive Committee would comprise Socialists
from both the United States and
Comrade Cunningham, Guelph, said
that the comrades in that city had
taken the uncompromising position.
He regretted that tho uncompromising resolution adopted in Toronto in
1003 had not been submitted to the
referendum. It had hurt tho movement in Guelph.
Comrade Gribble, Toronto, said
tho movement was in bad hands in_
thc past, but was in good hands now
The past should be forgotten. Ho
corrected Com. Hughes by stating
that the Toronto Local had not joined  the Western movement,  but    had
tions for Wilshire's Magkt-mc and ond joined the Canadian party.
comrade had  won third prize in the
subscription contest.
Comrade Wrigley, Toronto, said it
had done him considerable good to
hear that the Gait local was in such
good shn|X'. Thore had never been a
Socialist convention at which Gait,
CuebJi and Ingersoll had not been
represented. He wns glad to hear
that these locals had been of such a
permanent character.    He had loarn-
terest in this government—that ycd ed a great deal about Socialism dur-
are free. Bah! • You aro fit only Ut ■*•*?* the past, few years because he
bo slaves.—Appeal to Reason. [had been   up against tho capitalist
Comrade Peard, Gait, said he was
glad to hear Com. Simpson say that
the Toronto local had taken a clear
cut stand. Gait had been there for
Comrade Hughes, Guelph, said that
there was no desire to cater to the
tabor movement In that city. There
wero some bitter opponents of Socialism in the Central I^abor body.
Comrade Wrigley,    Toronto,     said
(Continued on Page Four.)
■   m
■ iki.--.yi!     ,■■■
' ;lhi
■ ■i
- _i
,.: .-I    -,l   »•
if I Mull II' i
j-A-rpto^ Novat, ^ ■
lb Western U&
, Published every Saturday In tha
Interests of the Working Claaa alone
at tha office of tha Western Clarion,
Flack Mock basement, 165 Hastlnga
street, Vancouver, B. 0.
Strictly ln Advance.
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Address all commanleatlooe to
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the increase. Nearly everyone is cog-i
nizant of lt, and students and thinkers stand appalled at the prospect.
There Is, however, no redemption so
long as the great mass of workers—
the wealth producers—remain steeped in that ignorance that prompts
them to forge the political chains
that bind them to the economic chariot wheels of their brutal masters—
the Capitalists,
However small the Socialist vote,
no one should be discouraged. It del-ends upon the Socialist workman
to leaven thc whole lump, and no
matter how staggering the job may
appear, let all hands buckle to the
task. Until the mass of the workers are enlightened, they may be expected to continue to make fools of
Watch the label an your paper
If this number is on it, your
subscription expires next issue.
SATURDAY, NOV. 11, 1905.
If there is one special privilege assured to thc workingman of the United States, it is that of making a
political ass Of himself, and right
well does he avail himself of the privilege at every opportunity. On last
Tuesday, State elections were held
in a number of States, and numerous city elections occurred in various parts of the Republic. From the
press accounts, it seems that the
■"working mules," with their usual
political sagacity, assisted in rolling
up a huge vote for the various factions that constitute the political expression of tho class that exercises
its despotic rule over them in the
field of industry. It is well known
that countless thousands of these
workers gall and chafe under the
yoke of     the    wage-system.    Often-
Recent events down around Cleveland, Ohio, have awakened within
us fragrant memories of a past that
had well night faded into an oblivion from which there is no resurrection. But now that memory is again
quickened into activity there comes
to us a veritable flood of pleasant
recollections of thc times when we
wandered about in the Jungles of the
wage-market in Ohio, Pennsylvania,
and New York- and though persistently pursued ■ by the necessity of
'- taking and holding" a master, still
found time to engage in sincere worship at the shrine of the "stogie,"
whenever we were fortunate enough
to locate one. Whether the incense
we burned upon the altar was pleasing to the nostrils of the most high
or the most nigh, we do not know,
but we are free to confess that under its soothing'spell 'iwe'were? lulled
into a forgetfuincss of the many trivial vicissitudes of a somewhat precar,
ious mundane existence and watted,
as it were, into a realm so replete
with glass palaces, good living, and
fine raiment as to make Bellamy's
dream appear as a sort of Chinatown existence in comparison.
I   While thus intoxicated with the fer-
times their complaints are both long
and     loud    against    the miseries it
forces upon them.     Thoy are continually protesting against a too   meagre wage, too long hours of toil and
the altogether    exacting    conditions
that surround them in their employment.     And yet the great mass     of
tliein are so dense in their ignorance
as to be unable    to see that     their
own    political    conduct is tho    sole
means whereby all of these unfavorable conditions    are fastened     upon
tham, and their lot in life made continually more unbearable, my
Tho forces that were contending
for supremacy in the various States
and cities on Tuesday, as represented by Republican, Democratic, "Purity in Politics" and Union Labor
movements, were contending for nothing that could under anv circumstances bc construed into anything
beneficial to the wage-slave, or in
the line of advancing his interests.
The political struggles of the various factions into which the capitalist1
class is divided, for points of vantage and place of power, can have no
interest to any man who depends
upon his labor for a living. Any
wage-slave who will give to such
conflicts his support by throwing his
influence to or casting his vote for
the candidate of any of these capitalist factions is that sort of a fool
that cannot i>e described in the English language. There are not adjectives enough to do his case justice.
Every vote cast for Republicans,
Democrats, the Hearsts, and Jerome^
of New York; Schmitz and his dirty
gang in San Francisco, and the lesser political scum that rises to the
top of the cauldron of capitalism,
was a vote cast primarily, for tho
■ontniued rule of capitalist property, that form of property that has
made of the earth an industrial hell
and of thc workingtman a servile and
witless ass, and incidentally for the
triumph of some particular factional
interest within the confines of such
form of property.
Nothing these henchmen of capital
could offer, or ever did offer, could
possibly advance the Interest* ot the
working fools upon whose political
support they depend for their election. If the workers had as much
intelligence as their four-footed brethren of the long oars and loud voice
these political tricksters of capital
would not get their support.
Just how many workmen and others registered their repudiation of the,
present brutal ami vulgar rule of
capitnlism remains to bc seen, as no
aduount has yet reached us of the
Socialist vote. It will come along
in due time by slow freight.. But
whatever it is, it is the sole .redeeming feature of the whole affair. If
all workingmen were still ignorant
and unsufferable asses politically, the
outlook for the human race would be
dark, indeed. Humanity is today,
staggering under a burden of vice,
crime and corruption that is all but
overwhelming.    It is continually on
vor of our worship we little dreamed that we were even then in touch
with what was to later become the
chief factor in one of the greatest
"epoch-making" and ■'epoch-nark-
ing" events ever recorded in the annals of time. But it was even so.
Don't know what a stogie is; did
you say? Why Ignorant one, a stogie
is a smoke; a plebian smoke; a sort
of a poor and distant relation of
thc aristocratic cigar that affords its
soporific and soothing qualities for
the delectation of the King, Emperor
Czar, railway, financial and insurance magnate, editor or other well-
to-do person. Being pie-Minn it hath
a sort of "lean and hungry look."
which would indicate scant "filler."
Its rough and uncouth exterior plain-;
ly indicates plebian "innards," much
as the garb of a wage-slave affords
a criterion as to what brand of
goods is encased within. The plebian nature of the stogie is further
emphasized by the fact that it sells
at the rate of three for a nickel, or
seven for a dime. The stogie is a
native of the region of which Wheeling, West Virginia, might be taken
as the center, and extending into the
jungle in each direction wherever the
tobacco plant grows. In thc tobacco-growing districts nearly everyone
smokes thero, as-tobacco-growers are
too poor to smoke cigars. The stogie when full grown is about the
length of a lead pencil, but somewhat larger around. Many a time
during our peregrinations in Southeastern Ohio, we have, while in affluent mood, generously tossed aside
a stogie not much more than half
consumed in order to give our poorer relations a chance to obtain a
smoke within their means.
The stogie-maker is just now the
king-pin of skilled labor. It must
be remembered that stogie-making is
a highly skilled trade as it requires
as much skill to roil a stogie as it
does to roll a cigarette. "Bowed
by the weight of centuries" the stogie-maker leaned upon his elljbws and
rolled stogies. This was in Cleveland, Ohio. Unconscious "of the power latent within him he meekly bowed his neck to the yoke, and the brutal stogie capitalist exploited him
without mercy. He never looked up
from his work; never saw the sun,
the stars, and other glories of the
heavens; never enjoyed the beauties
of the field and the forest; never got
a real good lung-full of the life-giving Lake Eric ozone that occasionally blew over from the Canadian side
in spite of the tariff; he waa always
too busy grinding out profit for his
boss and the lash of necessity held
him to his task.
One day there was a whirlwind ln
Chicago. This was no whirlwind
that blew in a straight lino. Somehow or other, it blew round aad
round like 0 wheel—-Hagerty's for instance. It loosened up tbe circumjacent atmosphere in all directions,
even as far as Cleveland. It waa a
l+xiullar wind, a sort of revolution
ary whirlwind, if such a term Is per-
missable, and had a most marvelous
effect upon working plugs through
whose whiskers it chanced to blow.
It blew in through the windows of
the stogie shop. The stogiLe-inaker
got a sniff of it. His sluggish blood
suddenly quickened into activity of
molten lava and coursed like wildfire through his veins. He suddenly
became class-conscious and revolutionary, and realizing his power rose
up some dozen strong, and actually
<luit rolling stogies.
The stogie capitalists at first looked upon his action as a mere ebullition of temper that would soon subside, but thoy "reckoned without
their hast." The stogie-maker was
not the only one afflicted through
contact with the peculiar wind that
blew in from Chicago. From all
parts of the country came not only
words of cheer, but the sinews ot
war in the shape of coins of silver,
and coins of gold, banknotes large,
and banknotes small, checks, drafts,
express and money orders galore, until the total amount actually reached the enormous sum of f464.30 and
bade fair to reach the $465 mark in
the course of time. Then the wicked stogio capitalists weakened.
Against this combination of class-
solidarity and $464.30 they could
not stand. Prostrate at the feet of
the stogie-maker they accepted the
terms he laid down, and this victorious one did not scruple to take his
own in full measure. He took his
freedom, that is as much of it as he
could use in his business, and that
was a ten per cent, advance on the
stock of it that he already possessed!
Where ho formerly get one dollar wages hc now gets a dollar and a dime.
The ice is broken. Arrogant capital is now prostrate at the feet
of labor. Whenever another dime
advance is required it will be forthcoming by the same process. Henceforth capital will be compelled to
snenk along the back alleys and byways while labor marches proudly,
defiantly and triumphantly down the
center of times' turnpike. At the
head of the procession will march the
gallant stogie-makers bearing proudly aloft thc banner of labor upon
which is emblazoned, the "Stogie
A great deal is being said these
days about the freedom attained by
the people of Russia as an outcome
of their struggles against the autocracy of the Czar. Freedom, in the
sense commonly used, is most decidedly a relative term, and means little when measured by the standard
of freedom in the full meaning of the
word. If the sway of autorracy has
been broken in Russia, and constitutional government is established,
which at present' seems probable, the
people of that afflicted land may find
themselves in possession of some privileges that have hitherto been denied
them. They may be privileged to
more freely express themselves in regard to their economic and political
demands. They may be granted
moro extended rights of association,
and a greater freedom of the press,
than was formerly the case. It is
certain, however, that in spite of all
this the working people of that country will experience no lessening of
that exploitation which has been
practiced upon them in the past, and
which has supped their suthstance and
heaped untold misery and suffering
upon them.
There is but one way in which tyranny or despotism can express itself, and that is by plundering those
over whom it is exercised. The rule
of the tyrant or despot can be felt
in no other way. Perchance tho tyranny exercised over the Russian
working people under the regime that
bids fair to bo established as a result of thc downfall of Czardom, will
be less harsh in its official expression
but that it will bear less heavily upon tho material substance of its victims, is far from certain.
Constitutional government is eminently fitted to the requirements of
the labor-skinning process of capitalist production. Contrary to thc
Chattel Slave and Feudal schemes of
robbing labor, the capitalist process
depends largely for its success upon
keeping its victims in ignorance of
the robbery, or at least ignorant of
the method by which it is accomplished. The Chattel Slave master
and the Feudal Lord held their victims in leash for plunder by open
and undisguised force. Their military establishment was always ready
to reduce the rebellious slave or serf
to submission. The enslavement of
the worker was so open and undisguised that it was impossible to hide
It from him and make him believe
that it did not occur. It has remained for Capitalism, however, to
bring forth a form of slavery whereby the last square-inch of hide could
Ua stripped from the slave's back
while he would be singing the songs
of freedom aj*i, boasting of his lib-
The wage system of labor is a most
clever swindle. Upon its face it appears that the worker under it is
free, because, forsooth, he is told
that he is, and as proof of it, he is
at liberty to quit his employment
whenever he chooses. Constitutional
government, the instrument of capitalist property, is artfully calculated
to cover up the swindle with its
rtulos, regulations, enactments, laws,
decision, rulings and other legal
thinrble-rigging and hocus-pocus.
While this flummery, flapdoodle and
tom-foolery would not keep a hungry mule away from a haystack It
has the happy effect of holding the
wage-slave in meek submission to
the profit grinding process of capital,
that squeezes the last drop of juice
from his bones, while he fondly imagines that this constitutional humbug is the very bulwark of his liberties.
Upon such a constitutional period,
the Russian people are evidently entering. That it will be marked by
the same phenomena that has marked capitalist development under its
precious form of constitutional government ln other countries goes without saying. That the end of the
journey will result in tho workers of
city and country alike being reduced
to the common level of poverty stricken proletarians, while the capitalist
masters gorge themselves with the
wealth that only comes by robbery,
is equally certain. Just as the capitalist road has been travelled in the
other countries of the earth, so must
it be travelled in Russia and with
the same result, An ever increasing
magnitude of wealth in thc hands of
the capitalist masters and ever increasing magnitude of poverty and
wretchedness as thc portion of thc
The merciless exploitation to which
tho Russian peasants and artisans
have been subjected under the rule of
the "Autocrat of all the Russias,"
will be just as completely carried out
under tho new constitutional regime.
The law as made by a lot of duly
elected statesmen and other scalawags will be just as/effective in protecting the rights of property, as
has the Czar's dictum during the
centuries of the past. And when
the new machinery of government
gets in good running order the court
with its injunction, though less haralej
in its application, will no doubt
have a soporific effect even greater
than the Cossack with his "iknout."
When the final struggle comes for
the overthrow of class rule and thc
attainment of Freedom worthy of the
name, tho workers will find themselves in death grapple with the same
old tyranny that at ono time wore the.
garb of Chattel Slavery and later
on of Feudalism. The same claws,
fangs, and blood-sucking propensities
arc masked beneath the hypocritical
garb of capitalism's constitutional
The redeeming feature of thc Russian situation is that at the threshold of constitutional government, a
considerable number of hor people
know what thc future has in store.
No other country was ever so per.
moated with Socialist ideas at a sim
ilar stage in its political duvelop-
hient. The thousands of Russian
So.ialists know full well thc greasy
hypocrisy of constitutional government. May they prove the leaven
that will speedily "leaven thc whole
lump." Freedom in Russia, as in
the other countries of thc earth, is
still  unborn.
__ Every local of tho Socialist
Party of Canada should run a card
under this head. $1.00 per month.
Secretaries please note.
Headquarters, Vancouver, B. C.
Dominion Executive Committee,
A. R. Stebbings, John E. Dubberley,
Ernest Burns, 0. Peters, Alt. Leah,
A. J. Wilkinson, treasurer; J. G.
Morgan, secretary, 551 Barnard St.,
Vancouver, B. 0.
of Canada. Business meetings every Monday evening at headquarters, Ingleside Block, 313 Cambie
Street, (room 1, second floor.) Educational meetings every Sunday at
8 o'clock p.m., in Sullivan Hall,
Cordova Street.
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
Box 836, Vancouver B.  C.
Every Ubor Vnion In the m»~
v..™ to place a card under thu 1__T"
mouth.    Secretarlea please no!, *"••  >
Phoenix Tradea and Labor r
Meets every alternate M^!
John Riordan, president- V?'>t
Brown, vice-president; p ,;'/'(
casse sergeant-at-arms; W "in 1
bu,T-*''s.ecr-,-*-**y-treasurer P n *-"■
108, Phoenix. B. C
Phoenix     Miners'   Union    w
W. F. M.    Meets   every Z* ,
evening at 7.30 o'clock in m' '"
■mu. jm*#m*gmim.m
LOCAL TORONTO -Meets 2nd and
and 4th Tuesdays, Temperance Hall
Bathurst St. F. Dale, Secretary,
41 Henry street, W. O. Cribble,
organizer, 130 Hogarth Ave.
ing class against, all opposition; 'lhe
ruling class has no interest to Int
furthered by such application.
Tlie insurance investigation in New
York is bringing to the surface numerous transactions that appear twite
startling to the average citizen devoid, of guile. For instance, it has
been disclosed that, thc Mutual maintained a regular boarding house at
Albany for the accommodation of its
hired men in the state legislature.
Some of those who have not yet
passed the vealy stage of moral development are inclined to cast reflections upon thc company for being thus kind and considerate in its
dealings with deserving employees.
The horny-handed agriculturalist has
long been accorded the privilege of
boarding his help if he wished to do
so. Just why this privilege should
be questioned in the case of an Insurance, or other concern, is not
clear. Surely there is no person so
ill-informed as not to be familiar
with the fact that not only ln the
State legislature of New York, but
of tho other States, and the national legislature as well arc filled with
the hired men of groat capitalist interests. And why should not these
interests treat Ihem kindly. They are
no doubt worth the expense. People
afllictcd with sentimental belly-ache,
are <fiiite apt to view with suspicion
the acts of others. There are altogether too many such persons running loose in this practical age. They.
should have a little sense pounded
"into them."
Always a fearlesss exponent in u,
cause of labor.
For one dollar the paper will |,
sent to any address for one yen
Workingmtn of all countries ■.;
soon recognize the fact that llu
must support and read their UU
Issued every Friday.
Til Volci Pallthlng Co., Lliiui
With 7.r>0,000 men and 250,000 women out. of employment in the United Kingdom, just at the beginning
of the winter season, the prospects
for a veritable avalanche of misery
during the cold months is excellent.
A huge demonstration was arranged
for Nov. fl, when somo thousands of
tho unemployed were to march from
lho east end of London to Downing
Street, and wait on Premier llalfour
to urge the necessity of heroic measures to avert the ''terrors of a work-
less winter." A special session of
pArliaim-nt <s to lie demanded to vote
the necessary funds to inaugurate
public works, such as the reclamation of waste lands, forest reservation and road building. This one
million of unemployed with their dependents must aggregate fully three
million people. That even one able-
bodied and willing |*>rnon should be
denied sustenance in this, thc
world's greatest empire," is a most
scathing condemnation of our boast-
led greatness. The Inauguration of a
few potty public enterprises of thc
character mentioned, will accomplish
nothing towards a solution of the
difficulty. Whilo it may afford a
temporary relief to the sufferings of
a few of these workless ones, thc
condition of tho working class miiRt
continue to go from bad to worse,
pending tho application of far more
drastic measures to bo applied in order to effect permanent relief, and
which must bo applied by the work*
J. Edward Bird. A  C. Bryn.-
(ico. I. McChomin.
314 Hastiest Strati
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Published  Weekly by Um
Western Federation 01 Mlatn
A Vigorous Advocate ol Lebui 1
Clear-Cut and Aggreeaiva.
Per Year 91.00.       Six Months,
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Shoe* nlwiyn on liuud.
1456 Wtsta-iister Ave..     Mont Mux' |
According to the American consul
at Kdinburg, Scotland, a revolution
in the refining of mineral oil has
been effected, which will do away
with the expensive method formerly
used. Two distillations are now
found sufficient instead of three as
formerly, and there is an increase of
20 per cent, in the yield of products,
coupled with an improvement in>(jual-
ity. A sharp advance in the wages
of thc workmen employed in this industry may now i>e expected to occur.
Don't try  to hold your  breath until
it happens, though.
The absolutism of the Czar and his
Uureacrats, may he broken in Russia, but only to lie followed by metre
refined, polished nnd hypocritical absolutism of capitalist constitutionalism. Thc latter is far more suitable
to the requirements of up.to-dute labor-skinning nnyway.
The Magdeburg, Prussia, police on
Nov. 7, arrested throe S]>aniHh-ap-
pcaring men because they seemed to
show undue interest in the movement
of the'Spanish King, who was at the
time visiting the city. Thc police
are to lie commended for their action
in the matter. Any man who would
manifest nn interest in such aJfiolutc**
ly useless relics of antiquity ought
to lye arrested for committing a nuisance, if for nothing else.
Single copies 5 cents.   6 copi<*
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Bundles of 15 or more 1 cent pn
The Western  Clarion is U «* ,
compromising   advocate   <*' *JJ 1
revolutionary  aspirations  ol
working class   iu   tlie  sboliUW 1
of capitalist property aud lUcotn
pletuent, the wage system.
1SS Cordeva Street
And  have  it  rejuvenated *Vh «J|
Ufa.   Old Hata Cleaned, pr-lV,|
Hade ut Oood  aa    Ns*   V **' -
workmen and at moderat* co*
Elijah Leard.
United Hatters of North America
■■■■■■■a—i—a—H—i—B   __-  _»t im to '   u
Wha_ *oa are b_yi_g a FUR -*--*-1 • 11 a ***,
ths O.nulaa Uaiaa Label ia eewed » -*• " M W
haa loose labala in his pesaaaalon and onw» ^
ena in a hat for you. do not patron /• -*» mi*
labels la ratal! stores era counterfeits- (W w
Union Lake! Is perforata* on four edges. mt
earns aa a postage stamp.    Counterfeit* M
U»ea parforatad an thra. edges, •-^^■s *
M twa.    Joho 8. Stetson Co.. *-• P*,ME ■
non-union aoucans.
ol Phils
JOHJf A, MOa-JTITT, Preaidan*. Orea«e. .
11   tt a**"*
MARTIN   LAW_on,   Secretary.   I* "
Maw York. .       •     ' '
-"■'•-• r'-'<" '" r,
Tft_ wgBTMut nuMOH. TiiWoirviat, k 0.
fhe Worker's Family Life
,     Mraons -•• -be Uoitod   States
'*    . read of  the tenement    dis-
0      jfeiv  York  and   Chicago.
i*'S ItiH   triemi and co-laborer  of
*_„t  Uooscvelt.  has  done  much
*"       ,,, the public    with     the
'""*•       'liicli millions.of the low-
rft:„llera live, rear thoir youngj
IF*"1  ''.he fetid  and  diseesc-in-
-'     I      disi ricti'.     Hiis has been
*i((i    '"lallnnt,  though •ineffective
m*S the slum.     In an     a_-
*■ eC.   ae»lv»red recently,   I
,       miVe this remark:   "Thir-
1        ul'h     when I commenced
. 'ZXt    there were 40,000  win-
moms in New  York*       To-
P__T_r- :iOO,000-and they ex-
.     . ..__ f  lhe  law.'
J in defitui.
:o of ,thc law.
n chronic  ulcer,  society     has
.„ used to the New  York     and
sore spots.     We flatter our-
IfW thut    i
|j,go.«r-.t-.H confinof, to   tho80
But it isn't,  and as indus-
illisin   grows
thc  hard  condition
I ,he working class W-omes  more
ftarablo. •       /____
Ickvcland, Ohio,  aspires to  lie the
Wis Beautiful."     It was  tho home
Senator    llnnna     and  John  D.
JeWeller.     Within  its  limits,   mil-
us of dollurs have been  absorbed
lhe captains of  industry—it \» a
Epical Industrial community of thu
wre detent sort,    its   chamber   of
uufce recently  appointed a com-
itlee lo investigate the conditions
IHi-working class in'Cleveland. It
jnee<lles.s to sny that the republic-
y win not  use it    as a campuif;n
jiiiment. From the report the f«*l-
hring exlrncts ure made:
Ini" development op industry.
Ia few generations ngo man de-
Jwli'il largelj upon the work of his
hniuis for sii|H)Ij ing his wants.
fcro largely imlcpcndent of the lair ol others, nnd there was, like.
fot. small demand for his services.
is result, it was not necessary
la- he live near the base of mip-
us, »ml in direct tou<h with thou-
uds of other men. There was
ractiially no "labor market."  With
Introduction of machinery   came
Industrial revolution. Mechani-
li was largely substituted for musclar power,  and  the  factory,    with
division of  labor,   was   Introduc-
Kow men. insU-ad of  being   in-
h-eii'i'-nt    in  thi ir  means  of  liveli-
pod.   are   largely     interdependent.
■head of the faintly must l*o near
|rommon exchange,   where his   f-er-
wlll find a market value.    The
tobing   which    he wears,  and   thc
(ml whi, h he eats,   instead  of     be-
| provided by himself and .a few of
! neighbors, are furnished b.v    the
|mliinn| labor of thr isniuls  all over
world. In exchange, his labor
hit lie available equally, to these
TouMnds thl'ough the medium of
'fmiiirv. lhe mill or the shipping
P*. The factory operative, lhe
W girl, Un- street vernier. tho
tot-black, all must be near thc
fti" of the day's work; the day la-
fw must  live near  the center     of
field of action, for in all these
the time nnd money which
Iglit Imj s|«-r-t in trart-portation are
fPiirlant factors. As has been
P*u, in Lho earlier stages, of the
jdustriai system this resulted in the
p-inpnun's small cottage near the
pr of industrial activity. Ilut as
Jiwnd fur lnbor grew greater, the
fv »«y in which increased rent
[-rgw could be met was by   filling
houses, moving into smaller
"-ftments und taking lodgers—the
* ffsult being lho crowding of e.v-
availablo corner  in   the     double
It was gathered that Immorality,
perverted sexuality, th_nkenness, p_u
perism, unit many lorms of debauch-
cry, were cuu.vi-d in some instances,
in others abetted, by th,- indecent overcrowding which existed—high death
rates; a pitiful increase in infant
mortality; terrible suffering among
little children; scrofula and qdngeni-
Jrul diseases; ophthalmia, due to
dark, ill ventilated, overcrowded
rooms; sheer exhaustion and inability to work-, encouragement of infectious diseases, reducing physical stamina and thus producing consumption and diseases arising from general debility, were sonic of the evils
of over-crowding.
Thoy are inhabited by the laboring
classes, comprising people of all nationalities, living in their respective
neighborhoods or streets, in crowded
((uarters. engaged iii exhausting labor, and both working and sleeping
in unsanitary surroundings. The
air inside these bouses during the
cold months i.s had, the ivs-iilt of having been breathed over und over
aguin, until most of the available
oxygen is taken from it, nnd the excretive products of the lungs have
accumulated it in. in many of these
rooms, especially those of the mill
workers, from two to six jieoplo
sleep at night, and when olT to work
this room is occupied as a sleeping
apartment by an equal number of
night laborers, who sleep during the
day. The windows are kept battened up in winter, ventilation lu-ing a
tiiimg apparently not thought of.
KAT,  Kl.l-.KI',  LIVE IN  ONE
Mark   off your  floor  six   paces     in
one direction and seven in  the other
and you have lhe space in which over
50 per cent, of these families are car-*
drying  on   their   existence.     It     must
itje  remembered,   too,   lhat  these   advantages  are  deceiving,   for  very  often     the  largest   families  are housed
in   the  smallest  quarters,    and   vice
versa.      For   instance,   we   find   seven
people In ing in  two rooms  with   an
area  of  only   Kill feet,   while ull  are
sleeping in a  single room.
Nearly one-fourth of the apartments examined contained living
rooms   whieh   were   slept   in   as    well,
while one-fifth of all apartments had
every room used for both living and
Bleeping purposes. These were largely two room apartments.
More serious still, of course, is the
ease where all sleep in a single room
For instance. we find nine people-
father, mother, four children, nnd
three lodgers—nil sleeping in a single room. Two of the children ore
small, while two are about fourteen
years old. The moral influence of
these promiscuous relations must he
most demoralising, Imagine the
conditions where nil the functions of
living, in lulling cookiing, eating,
dressing, sleeping, bathing, giving
birth to children, are carried on in a
single small  room.
Tho lack of bathing provision in
these districts is so universal as to
make a table showing the extent of
their    existence    unnecessary. In
Illock 1, there i.s not a single bulh
tub; in Illock 2, there i.s one; in
illock 8, i.s one; in Illock 3, six.were
'found: in Block 5 two. and in Illock
6   and   7,  one.        In    other  words,
'about t»9 |kt cent, of the people inhabiting these districts o.e absolutely without respectable provisions for
bathing.—Prom Suppressed Information, by I'red.  D. Warren.
pn the president of the National
W Regiator company, before his
■ambled employes, told them he
l-ld never sign thc agreement for
I eight-hour day, demanded by the
■'--yiuphiinl union, ho used these
TjiSi ns reported in thc Davton
i«» News:
I Hut her than sign such an agree-
r1*. Hiis factory and its welfare
|™ may sink into oblivion, its
f'-ungs may stand hero and rot,
■m lho doors locked and the ma-
pi idle."
P-- Ki-neral manager, among other
JW<i Bald;
I*1' ure determined to rid ourscl-
f °l the Socialist elcmunt, the liad
I*""-1', regardless of any labor   un-
JJj'f «*« tbe kind of spirits  that
ll-h i_h'! MI*,io***-- industries, by
I n the workers must live and sus-
I" -'viliKati.m. Them men arc, b.v
T. I'-ivoie ownership, thc czars
J", '■"•■•''■•ors    of    the lives of.   the
In ,'f 1K'°|,k'' Th8i-* word is law
!£•"«•■ of work. The men whoao
|7 wo coined into dollars have no
Kl ™. "--ylng what they shall do,
I" . "-ey shall work, or what shall
I none with their products when
Vw7.l. ' Thoy Rr0 mendicants
t )rk that ihey may live. They
|„ ""--W-w*    supplicating tho    lily
Ls ^ru,s °' tho9° -nto  whose
ltho.it 2, pour untoM billions.
liio,. , ,|r "WViHt* there would
I (» 'iull.onai.es, with their degen-
swld u, i lasrivic_8 lives, but tho
s-ui-tt,.?"!1 Ix' richer -*n*l happier.
J m talist know this,, and so do
sVth« o .' honc* th« capitalists
r'nc Hoc „ii8ta and do not wftnt
I'-Mise Ik WUh U,eir othcr 8,aVeS
>Ub_ ih, S^ia,iHtH -**1'- K-W-1 to
Nili,,-       otnor 8,--v-» what their
enfrt nmi ri*-hts re«-*»y *-•**-•   «
fnnanv m of "* Ca8h Register
I (»l,i ,''"'.',thoir v«tes to maintain
in nf .■;a''tios' which this cxpre*.
FK   ah I ',hows they aro wtl-
h deu!;,. °?xlou-- 'or them to do,
r-    l.r_       •Ust 8Uth  treaUnent as
tovt^1? .Kivo U*cm' '""'yvot0
Ira.   talk "indicants and bog-
J" of ik the 8oi*ialists get con-
Ill, (k,™ K'>vernment, which they
l* 1'ftii . ^I1 b0 no dictation on
BO to i, bn bosses. They will
1 hav0 .l that **• working peo-
"sen from their degraded
strata and are walking upright as
men, not begging for work. They
will lie masters of their own industries, and the bosses will have to
take their places in the ranks of (he
the workers if ihey get any of the
benefits of labor. Socialism is what
the masters fear—not labor unions.
And well they may.—-Appeal to Rear
The New York Post records the
fact that during last year upwards
of 2,500 soldiers out of the total of
(111,000 men were sentenced to dishonorable discharge from the American army, liming the same period,
the desert ions, aggregated 10 i>er
cent, of the total enrolment. Iif addition to this, on the average, during the year, no less than 7lf> men
were incapacitated from service by
diseases resulting from immorality.
It is difficult, also to retain thc services of men after their teem has expired; a company of the Coast Artillery, consisting of .105 men, has
only ten men now who were with it
In October three years ago. The
maintenance of a large *icrmanent
army is possible only in countries
Where large numbers of people have
to choose between service in the
ranks and want, and in any army
the standard, of morality must almost, necessarily be low. Idleness
and crime are almost insupanuble.
This military business is rapidly
becoming known for what it really
is, a low, course, vulgar and immoral institution, disgusting in tho ex-
trome, and a withering curse to humankind.. An instrument of tyranny, it calls forth thc most vicious
traits in human character, and can
breed only that which is ns vile as
tho purpose that calls it into being.
It is a cheering sign, however,
when such a large number of its victims desert nt the first opportunity.
May the time speedily come when it
will no longer be possible to induce
mon to engage in such a vile and degrading occupation.     	
The Socialists of Sweden now hold
fourteen seats in the Hlfc-dag. Previous to 1002 they held but ono.
This is -'hut causes the Swedish
king more -mens!ness then did the
breaking away of Norway.
DIG  HiKr.TiM;  in  CITY  HALL.
About 000 people attended the regular Sunday night propaganda
meeting of Local Vancouver, S. P.
of Canada, held in the City Hall!
Vancouver on Nov. 5. E. T. Kingsley was the speaker of the evening,
his subject being "Hussion events and
their bearing upon the labor problem."
He prefaced his remarks by referring to the large audience present as
one ot the many indications of the
increasing interest that was everywhere being taken in what was really tho only problem confronting human society today, and that was the
Labor Problem. He then explained
that the overthrow of the autocratic
rule of the Czar and his following in
Russia, was but a repUUion of that
which hud already occurred in thc
olher countries of Europe where the
absolutism of the Feudal autocracy
and its church had boon broken down
in order to give full play and free
i-eign lo capilalist forces and devel-
opment. This particular epoch in
Russia's history hud been delayed because of a somewhat belated economic development. .Vow that the
economic development had reached
the point, where Industry in many
lines had alrenily assumed the capitalist garb, the autocratic rule of
tho Czar and his bureaucrats became
no longer Compatible with thc free
development of capitalist production,
Hen<e the revolution, for the purpose of breaking down autocratic
rule nnd substituting constitutional
government therefor.
While tho Russian revolution possessed the same characteristics, ond
arose from Hie same causes, as the
French revolution, and the European
uprisings of H-MH, and while it was
attended with the'same ruling class,
brutality and Wood-letting, the speak
er contended that it differed from
those previous affairs most markedly
in ono reSpect, and that was in the
attitude assumed by the proletariat.
In the previous revolutions referred
to, tho proletariat was merely a
tool used by the bourgeoisie to assist in breaking the rule of the old
order. It set up no demands of its
own of any consecfuence. The capitalist method of production had not
vet advanced far enough to clearly
establish the clnss line between employer und employee, and thus awakr-
t-n, in th'- latter, that class consciousness that would prompt it to
become revolutionary in its own behalf, und break the rule of capital
over lalxir, even as capitalism had
broken tho rule of Feudalism. In
this Russian affair tho proletariat is
both loud and insistent in its demands. Capitalism has developed
far enough, oven under Czarism, to
create a considerable city proletariat
These workmen have had access to
the written and spoken record of the
experience of the proletariat of countries much more highly developed industrially than Russia, and they have
Imbibed the revolutionary ideas that
such development germinates in the
working class bruin. Ily virtue of
this, the Russian revolution is mark-
i d by much clearer and more pronounced working class demands than
preceding events of similar character.
The speaker felt sure, that, though
ihat artfully constructed farce known
as constitutional government, should
follow lhe downfall of the Russian
autocracy, with a numerous and revolutionary proletariat to deal with
ut tho very outset of its career, it
would travel u thorny path, and the
span of its existence would l>e shorter than in the other European countries. At any rate the action of
the Russian workingmen during these,
recent troublous times, should prcve
nn object lesson to workmen everywhere as showing the overwhelming
power of the workers once they act
in unison. Without the aid of these
workmen, the power of Czarism couldj
not havo been broken. Once these
men laid down Iheir tools, thc job
was done.
Patronize Clarion Advertisers.
5 yearly sub. cards for $3.75.
Bundlos of 25 or more copies   to
one address, for a period of three
months or more at the rate of one
cent per copy.
The meeting closed at 10 o'clock,
the Chairman announcing that Comrade Lena Morrow Lewis would
speak in thc City Hall, on Sunday
evening, Nov. 12, upon thc subject
of "Child Labor."
A Chinaman, clad in the typical
laundryman's costume, entered a
street car one cold day last winter,
and took a seat next to an Irish woman of generous proportions. He
Shivered, shook himself, and then,
with that yearning for human sympathy which extremes of temperature
bring to the surface, remarked to his
"Belly cold!"
The Irish woman was not socially
inclined. .She turned on him seornr-
fully and snapped out:
"Well, if ye'd tuck yer shirt inside
yer pants, ye hay then, yer belly
wouldn't be cold."
Work that is on the whole, useless or detrimental to the community at large may tie as gainful to Uie
business man, and to the workman
whom he employs, as work that contributes substantially to the aggregate livelihood. This seems to be
peculiarly true of the bolder flights
of business enterprise. In so far as
its results are not detrimental to
human life at large, such unproductive work directed to securing an income may seem to bc an idle matter in which the rest of the community has no substantial interests.
Such is not the case. In so far as
the gains of these unproductive occupations are of a substantial character, they come out of the aggregate product of the other occupation.**
in which the various classes of the
community engage. The aggregate
profits of the business, whatever its
character, are drawn from the aggregate output of goods and services.—Vcblin's "Theory of Bus.
Enterprise," pp. 63 and 4.
by buying thb
reliable, honest,
high grade sewing machine.
National Sewing Machine Co.,
Hudson's Bay Company, Agents
Printing That Is RIGHT
OUR JOB PRINTINO Deportment has been recently added
to hy tha purchase ot a new
Job Press and ether material. Our
Job Department ia now turning out
the best Job, commercial and other
classes of printing. If you have anything In the way of Billheads, Letter,
heads,    Envelopes,    Cards,   Tlokats,
The Western Clarion
P 0. BOX 836
Programs, Dodgers, Pamphlets or
Books, or any kind of Printing which
you want executed promptly nnd
correctly,  send tt bare.
Mall orders for Job Printing from
other districts will be promptly executed to tho letter and sent return
mall. Prices the same aa for work
done ln thla city. Try us with an
-  Out   Victoria Advertisers ~
Patronize Them and Tell Them Why.
Mattresses,   Upholstery,    Awnings,
and Window Blinds.
Repair Work a Specialty
Carpets   taken   up.    Cleaned by our
Electric Carpet Cleaning Machine
and relaid by Experienced
Men. I
Phone. 718.    J00 DOUGLAS ST.
From $25.00 up
32 Broad St.    Victoria. B.C.
Colonial Bakery
21* Johnson  St.,  Victoria, B.C.
Delivered  to any part of the city.    Ask
Driver   to   call.      'Phone   849.
Victoria Qeneral Agent for Tha
■•      HERALD
"     NEWS
"      WORLD
Also handles San Francisco Sunday Bulletin and call. Prompt and
regular daily delivery servicei to
P. 0. Box 444 VICTORIA. B. "..
Muifactsrtr ll
. Nl • Ciatrt «.
FOB   __   C_____TO-E
71 GsvernnMt Street, Victoria, A. C.
3. 5 and j STORE STREET
ttltskost MS VICTORIA, I. C.
and    Poultry    Food    to     obtain
best results.
Agents for SUTTON'S SEEDS.
All Descriptions of Ladies' an!
Gents' Garments Cleaned or Dye.I,
and Pressed Equal to New. D; *\
Cleaning a Specialty,
ehe Yates St. Victoria. B.C.
.,, -f— ■*
Harris <&• Moon*
Dealers in
Bicycles, Guns, Ammvnition,
And Bicycle Sundries.
42 Broad St. VICTORIA, B. C.
Phone B969
Albion Stove Works,
FACTORY, 3d, 42 Pembroke Street,
SHOW ROOMS, 81 Douglas Street,    -
121 Hastings Street,
• 4
We, the Socialist Party of Canada,
iu conventi in a tembled, affirm ou*
allegiance to and support of the principles and prog:am of the international revolutionary working class.
Labor produces all wealth, and to
labor it should 'u«tly belong.. To the
owners of the means of wealth production belongs the product of labor.
The present ec««K mic system is based
upon capitalist ownership of the
means of wealth production; therefore
all the products of labor belong to
the capitalist claw. The capitalist ia
master; the worker is slave.
So long aa the capitalists remain in
possession of the reins of government
all the powers of the .state will be
used to protect and defend their property rights in the means of wealth
production and their control of the
product of labor.
The capitalist system gives to the
capitalist an ever-swelling stream of
profits, and to the worker an ever-
increasing measure of misery and degradation.
The interest of the working class
lies in the direction of setting itself
free from capitalist exploitation by the
abolition of the wage system. To accomplish this necessitates the transformation of capitalist property in
the means of wealth production into
collective or working-class property.
The irrepressible conflict of interests between the capitalist and the
worker is rapidly culminating in I
struggle for possession of the powei
of government-—the capitalist to hold;
the worker to secure it by political
action.   This is the claaa struggle.
Therefore, we call upon all worker •
to organise under the banner of the
Socialist Party of Canada with the object of conquering the public power*
for the purpose of setting up and es •
forcing the economic, program, of
the working class, as follow*:
i. The transformation, aa rapidly
as possible, ft capitalist property fas
the means of wealth production (natural resources, factories, milk, rail-*
ways, etc.,) into the collective property of the working claaa.
a. Thorough and democratic ec-
ganixation and management of industry by the worker*.
3. The establishment, aa speedily
ai possible, of production for use instead of production for profit
The Socialist Party, when in office-,
shall always and everywhere until tho
present system ia abolished, make thn
answer to this question its guidin-;
rule of conduct:. Will thla legislation,
advance the interests of the worldnr-
class and aid the workers in their claan
struggle against capitalism? If it wilt
the Socialist Party ia for it; if it will
not, the Socialist Party is absolutely
opposed to it
In accordance with thla principle the
Socialist Party pledges itself to con.
duct all tie public affairs placed in
its hands in such a manner aa to promote th*. interests of die working clas*
the undersigned, hereby spply for membership in	
♦    Local Socialist Party of Canada.
I recognize the class struggle between the capitalist class and the working
class to he a struggle for political spretnacy, i. e. possession of the reins of
government, and which necessitates the organization of the workers into a
political party, distinct from and opposed to all partiei of the capitalist class.
If admitted to membershiv. I hereby agree to maintain or enter into no
relations with any other political party, and pledge myself to support by voice,
vote and all other legitimate means the ticket and the program of the Socialist
Party of Canada only.
Age        Citizen.
Admitted to Local	
i I
?! : mmaasesaastssaesaea
&:*■■,,    -
ii i:-i_ r-^;->--^^-"-^J^aii__
Socialist Party of Canada
j. o.
MORGAN, Secretary. Vancouver, B.
(Continued From Page One.)
The regular weekly business meet-
Ing was held at the headquarters on
Monday evening, Nov. 6, Comrade
Pritchard in the chair.
After the adoption of the minutes
of the last meeting, a communication
from Mrs. L.M. Lewis, stating that
she would be here to lecture on
"Child Labor" on next Sunday evening, was ordered filed, and one
from the Provincial executive, re annual convention, was laid over to
new business.
Warrants were ordered for the following:
Electric Light bill   * 2.72
Rent of City Hall      11*00
Repayment Com. Burns      10.00
Total     $23.73
Reports received from Local organizer and program committee.
On taking up the communication of
the Executive Committee, it was
moved and seconded that it Iks the
opinion of the Local that It is not
-within the jurisdiction of the Provincial Executive to cancel the convention.
"An amendment that this local request the executive    to   submit   the
matter to a referendum, was carried"
Financial Report.
Gen. Fund   $16.65
Literature      o.pO
Dues  '•      6.75
Total     *28.70
D. P. MILLS, Secretary.
"Just now,"  says Jerome K.  Jerome,  in "London Opinion"—-(a really  delightful   and  often  ilhiminating
journal)—-"just    now    we are having
an    excited     corresjiondence    in  the
Times on the subject of charity.   Indignant ladies and gentlemen are demanding that the poor shall at once
be abolished.    Tho middle-class stock
and share-holder is growing tired of
thb poor—of the laboring classes gen-i
terally.    He complains that the working classes    are claiming to be    his
equals,  and points out very logically,  that if that^bo so he ought not
to be expected to pay rates for   the
education of  their children,  for    the
maintenance  of  themselves  when old
nnd worn out.     Why should he    be
expected    to    subscribe to hospitals
and fresh-air funds?    lf tho working
classes are his    equals, why do they
come begging    to him?   The    argument is    unanswerable."        So     we
(Ihink.      Jerome    continues:       '■'One
thanks this middle-class Diogenes for
his plain  speaking.     It is time   the
Dawson, Nov. 7.—The Socialists of
Dawson are now strong enough to
bstabHish permanent headlquarters
and a clubroom. Their premises are
on Front Street .—News-Ad.
Wo hope they will in time get
stron« enough to send down some account of what is going on in the Polar region. It is to be hoped the
movement may develop strength enough in other quarters to do likewise.
- o	
We    are    informed    that Comrade
Parkier Williams,     seems to be     the
only employee of the Western     Fuel
Company,  prior to    the late strike,
who has been blacklisted   since     its
settlement.     No  one need  be astonished if it proves true.     Devious are
the ways of the labor-skinners,   and
none more so than he of Yankee extraction.     Sometimes he will do one
thing and again fts opposite. Whatever he does, however, is the correct
thing frotm the standpoint of Kis own
"skin game.    If P.W. has been blacklisted,   it is because,   in  the^eyes of
the company, he is a dangerous man
to have around,  i.e.,  dangerous    to
capitalist interests.     If dangerous to
those    interests    he   can be nothing
short of a safeguard to the interests
ot    labor.      Hence,  the blacklist   in
such a case is the very best recommend that P.W. can carry.     If    his
legislative conduct has been such as
to call  down the  wrath of his  previous employers, it is the best   reason in the world why his fellow worlc
ers should see that he remains in office.    While not particularly in favor
of     strikes    we beg to suggest that
such affairs  might be instigated  for
a much less worthy purpose than the
're-instatement    of   some   blacklisted
workman who has been barred from
employment because of political   activity on behalf of his class,
According to the New Orleans Picayune, "the negro is rapidly leaving
the cotton and sugar fields for     the
factories, and the towns and such as
remain in the country are becoming
yearly more shiftless and unreliable.
How to supplement and supply   this
negro labor that is so rapidly diminishing,    is a problem, the seriousness of which every farmer and planter is forced to admit, because it is
annually brought home to him in a
more forcible and tangible manner."
Other  Southern papers are decluring
there is work for thousands of "industrious,    intelligent, and law-abiding immigrants"  in thc South,   but
care must be exercised in order     to
prevent the coming of "pauper   and
criminal classes."     All of this   sort
| of talk hath a familiar sound.     We
working  classes gave up  this     ever-1 have heard it a thousand
lasting begging. They ought to be
ashamed to accept charity. Capital
does not go a-begging. Capital does
not ask the state to maintain it
when infirm nml incapable. Why
should labor? The laborirv classes
remain so lazy, so stupid, one begins
to despise them. They appear to be
fit for nothing [but whining and
grumbling. You lady typists grumble at your twelve-and-six to fifteen
shillings a week. I get letters from
young clerks dreaming of absurd
marriages—whining to be given, in
exchange for twelve hours' brain
work, a day, a sufficient wage to enable one to enjoy the primeval
rights of common manhood. Your
laboring man cannot pay for his
children's schooling; they are talking
now of providing his children with
free breakfasts. Your farm laborer
is whinning for a roof to his hovel.
One is tired of his whining, especially when one reflects that if he did a
little less whining, and a Httlo more
plain thinking he would do away
with the need for whining once and
for all. Capital does not whine.
Capital hns made the laws, and is
content with them. Has it ever occurred to labor that the whole lawmaking apparatus of every civilized
state is entirely in its own hands?"
No comment seems required.
Commercial failures in the United
States during the first nine months
of the calendar year 1905, according
to reports from branch offices of R.
O. Dun & Co., were 8806 in number,
and $76,234,028 in amount of liabilities, against 9183 insolvencies in
tho corresponding months of last
year, when the defaulted indobitedness'
aggregated $111,659,285. In manufacturing occupations there were
2040 failures for $32,783,285, compared with 2099 last year, when the
liabilities were $38,769,016. • Trading defaults were "6531 in number
and $38,614,237 in amount, against
6728 for $49,127,935 in 1904. All
other commercial failures not properly included in the two chief
classes, such as brokerage, insurance,
real estate, etc., woro 235 in number
and $4,836,506 in amount, comparing with 356 defaults involvdji- $23,-
762,254 a year ago. In addition,
there were 63 suspensions of . -anklng
and other fiduciary concerns, with an
aggregate indebtedness of $12,072-
406, against 76 for 920,810,454 in
the same nine months of 1904. All
of which goes to show the utter impracticability of Socialism, as anyone with half an eye can very readily sec.
the North. White labor as well as
black is always shifting about from
one place to another just out of pure
cussedness, probably. Of course, the
workers nre "becoming yearly more
shiftless and unreliable." They are
a bad lot, black, white, or vollow.-
The trials and tribulations of the
good capitalists in dealing with these!
wretches, with their propensity for
pauperism and crime, shlftlessness,
and unreliability, must be a severe
tax upon their patience and good
nature, much greater in fact, than
that endured by thc old-time joker,
who had such a lusty crop of boils.
It does seem a pity that working men should become so shiftless,
ill-bihaved and disinclined to work,
when their masters are so good to
them and pay them such generous
wages. The degeneracy of the laboring people in this age is really
becoming awful. Hence these tears
which we freely and feelingly shed
out of sympathy for the oppressed
and down-trodden labor.skinner who
so sadly needs "hands" and can't
get 'em.
that from the opinions expressed by
outside comrades, he knew they had
been reading the Appeal to Reason,
and Wilshire's Magazine, papers good
for propaganda, but not tlie best for
revolutionary Socialists. He recommended the Western Clarion, Toledo
Socialist and New York Worker, as
the best party papers. He could not
accept now the pledge and platform
adopted at conventions held a few-
years ago. Thc Canadian movement
was more in touch wivh the movement in the outside world. He would
like to forget the St. Thomas convention.
Comrade Faber, Preston, objected
•to Com. Wrigley calling Appeal to
Reason and Wilshire's Magazine kindergarten literature.
Comrade Peel. Toronto, said he
was glad he had been told it he
was reading kindergarten . ti..*ature
at the time he was reading He Appeal to Reason,
This    closed    the business of    the
morning session,   and  in  thc     udei-
noon  Comrade Peel,   T.ir.iiro,    -p-n
ed with a declaration of the Socialist position.
He said that at   ires^nt ll-.-.n was
a    struggle    for 'he    menus of life.
There was no longer a ••i.,|.'e:u     of
production  to solve.     The menus  *o
produce  sufficient    for  all  were  provided and the problem    I      „d,-rtioii
had been solved,     (ine class vas engaged    grasping .or n.oro *» • ?}o another class  were  witho it  the  ic<es-
sities of life.     A few were   in    control of the means cf life and by virtue of this possession were a separate class, brewing -.he germs .;. iv-ir
own destruction.    There wns ati'iitiH
class which, in *he final analysis resolved itself into one thing—to live.
The Capitalist class were not in the
Socialist.movement.   Ihey were band
ing together and  -*ere   n ronti-"-*   of
the social, religious niid oil icntbiha1
Institutions   for    material  interests.
While   the    enemy    is in control   of
these institutions thc workers    have
to follow  their line of action.     The
struggle was political  in its nature,
consequently  thc   Socialists  organized politically.    Fusion must be kept
out of the movement.     Men must be
subject to the movement.     Thc Wisconsin movement was ruled by      the
voice of one man.    We want  to   express the opinions of the rank    and
file.     Comrade Peel said he was once
Infatuated by idea of collective   ownership,     but he was not concerned
very much as to how industry should
be operated.     He was anxious to impress upon the working class the fact
that they are n roblied and exploited
class and that parties, churches, and
educational  institutions  are   against
them.    He was not as much concerned about the rapid growth as the intelligent    growth    of the movement.
Movements    would     die    away  and
spring up and eventually stay as   n
result of the capitalist system.     No
great    change    has    been discovered
without  a corresponding change     in
the economic base.     We are engaged
in a class    war and no  one has   a
tunism we have fusion "with labor
bodies. Men have been influenced by
environment that made them crook-
til- they do not understand the scientific aspects of the Socialist movement. The institutions of society
express the ideals of capitalism. Famines are not caused by drought.
Capitalist papers say so. There
were greater shipments out of Ireland during the famine than there
were before. India always produced
enough for her people, but it was
ihe capitalists who wanted to make
profit, who precipitated the famine.
"Words are poor tools to make
men understand the profundity of the
Socialist philosophy," said Comrade
Peel  at  the close of his address.
"Don't refuse anything because it
does not harmonize with present
views," said Comrade Gribble. "I
have only been a real Socialist for
two year's and I have been learning
all the time."
Comrade Phillips Thompson, Toronto, said he was glad to sec thc
thorough Socialist spirit of the Conference. Ile had only lieen a true
Socialist a short time which made
him tolerant with those just learning. He thought Socialists
should fear the public ownership
movement. At one time he would
have thought public ownership men
all right and said "let us go with
It would be no improvement under
a capitalist form of Government. It
would attract many who belonged to
the Socialists properly, and it behooved Socialists to distinguish between Socialism and public ownership. Public ownership would attract to it many politicians who
want to hold on to power; men who
wouldn't object to being called Socialists, if it would win for them
votes. Socialists should emphasize
that the means of production should
Ijc controlled by the producing class
and ultimately the abolition of all
classes. Comrade Thompson expressed the hope that the conference,
would result in the organization of
Socialist sentiment throughout the
Comrade Gribble asked for suggestions as to the best way to extend
Comrade Boyd, Hamilton, communicated the pleasing news that two
weeks ago a local had been olrganiz-
ed in that city with 23 charter members and an attendance of over 70.
One thousand subscriptions to the
Appeal to Reason had been secured,
and an order for 1,000 copies of the
trust edition placed. The lo al
would invite the first speaker "brought!
over from the United Slates and
would conduct an energetic campaign
Comrade Wrigley Suggested a tour
by Coan. O'Brien, nnd other Socialist speakers nnd thnt organization
follow  the speeches;
Comrade Hughes suggested that
the [ilntform of the party be made
more, expressive. He thought few
people could lie invited into the party if the abolition of the wage-system was the only plank in the platform.
The success of Tamma_y \n \he
New York City telections, coupled
with the fact that the city administration during the next four -ears
will have the disbursement of $900,-
000,000, renders it unnecessary to
ask: "What shall the harvest be?"
While the propensity of the   work-
ii  ' i if V »■>-__; im- nff-i"i      I 'jiki
■I.i '  ii i   ■Hi i     aaaamaammmm inr__"-— -Wi i — ,       •»■•«»»-*__■__. ■
ing class to indulge in "boe-ze' is
exploited for all it is worth by frenzied temperance reformers, the junk
that the best place
bottles is in the dis-
by the better class-
accent on the "bet*.
man informs us
to gather empty
tricts inhabited
fes." With the
ter," of course.
Nwell Strcst, Cedar Cove
Mounting targe Game Head- .
Taxidermist and Furdrs».w
US PwO*« It Opp. peot,t.4
We golicit the*_usiii__ of Manufarturers,
Hnelnecrs and others who realize the advisability of having their Patent business transacted
bv K-Perts. Preliminary advice free. Charge*
Moderate. Our Invetitor'. Advjser jentutxm
renue'-t. Marion St Marion, New York I,lfe Bldg,
Montreal; Olid Washington, D.C, U.6.A.
ACCOUNTING!. 150 to $100 per
month salary assured our graduates under bond. You don't pay us
until you have a position. Largest
system of telegraph schools in America. Endorsed by all railway officials. OPERATORS ALWAYS
IN DEMAND. Ladies also admitted. Write for catalogue. Morse
school of Telegraphy, Cincinnatti.
0.; Ruffalo, N. Y.; Atlanta, Oa.;
Ia Crosse, Wis.; Texarkana. Tex.;
Son Francisco, Cal.
ii. c.
: Second Hand Dealer!
Largest and cheapest itou ,t
Cook Stoves in the City.
Boom  Chains,   Augers, Loi
Jacks,  Etc. ■*'
Sell For Less
We have moved Into our «,.», i
and commodious premises
138 Cordova St., Easi
■PMm 1579       Vancoiver, 6
J.   A.   HAMl.KY, Prop.
Fresh Mi fui, i
Salt Mutt Vtjjti-i
"Labor is nothing but a commodity after all, a thing to be sold on
the market for the highest price it
will bring. I can't see for the life
of me why we should expect that
people who have labor to sell should
beany more honest in their 'methods
than those who sell oil or life-insurance policies. I know well lenoiigh
that two wrongs never make one
right, but I only want to point out
that if thc goose isn't fair it musn't
rail against the unfairness of the
gander. It seems to mo that absolute standards of the right and the
wrong of it arc « Dieezcd into a small
corner of the market place when the
battle for bread and butter grows hot
and fierce."—I. K. Friedman in Chicago Daily News.
One result of the fighting going on
in    the Caucasus has been to completely wipe out two companies    of
Cossacks.    What a pity!
Two carloads of sealskins, valued
at $150,000 are to be shipped East
from Victoria over the C.P.H. They
are consigned to London, Eng, and
are to be used to make winter coats
for the wives of the unemployed in
the East end.
j right to say that Socialism is inevi
table. Capitalism is moving rapidly
to its destruction, and Socialists are
out for the destruction of the citadel
of Capitalism, and not for petty reforms. At one time Socialists appealed to all classes to wipe out
Capitalism, but now they oaly appeal to one class—the working class.
Socialism is the whole of life and we
cannot enter into any study that,
does not touch the philosophy of Socialism.
Referring to the trades union machinery, Comrade Peel said that Mr.
.lohn Mitchell had sold the minors
by forcing them to accept lower wares. Debs had pointed this out. It
was one of tho most tragic things to
see m/en, willing to fight, being
thrown down by leaders. Leadership
has led to tho enslavement of the
working class because self interest or
material interest predominates. Who
is dt endangers our movement? Those
who want to lie broad; those who
want to adopt capitalist methods to
get votes.     Ilecause of broad oppor-
A bee, unladen, will fly forty miles
an hour, but one returning to the
hive laden with honey does not travel faster than twelve miles an hour.
Much the same with the working-
man. When hunting for a job, he
will cover a larg|c stretch of territory*-
at a "two-forty'* gait, but when
plodding homeward from his jwarkjJ
on Sarnraay packing the enormous
burden of his week's wages, he is not
so swllft.
At a Socialist mass meeting in War
saw, Poland, on Nov. 8, two infantry soldiers in full uniform made revolutionary speeches, assuring their
hearers that the time was not far
distant when the army would Jain
ihe people in their effort to overthrow tho Czar's government.
The   "ladies"     belonging    to  the
Comrade Faber said that Ixical
(Jnlt had not expressed an opinion
on the platform, and before hc could
give any assurances that they would
nfliliate with the Socialist Party of
Canada, they would have to be consulted.
Comrade Peard said he never saw
the platform of the party till he
came to  the conference.
As the conference had no power to
take any action one way or another,
it was left to the individual comrades to carry out as far as possible
the suggest ions made, and there is
no doubt the result will be more affiliations with the Canadian Socialist Party nnd a tour of organization
through Ontario by Comrade O'Brien
A tour for Comrade Isaac Cowan,
will l>e arranged immediately and
six locals have already expressed
their willingness to fix a date for
The conference has clearly shown
that the Socialists of Ontario know
where they are nt, and have a clear
conception of the fundamentals of
Socialism, centered in the class strug
gle and the economic interpretation
of history.
Toronto,  Oct. 28th.
Such rare values as those quoted
below should not be overlooked. It
is Impossible for us to convey to you
fully through nn advertisement the
rich savings this store offers you
Enter nny section and immense bargains  will confront you.
Special  Prices
Hair Brushes; 91-36 each, now ...90c
Hair Hrushcs, "5c each, now   50c
Shaving Brushes, $1 each-, now ...75c
Shaving Brushes, 40c each, now 25c
Syrup of Pigs, 50c each, now ...35c
Effervescing  Salts,   $1   iier  bottle,
now   70c
Dr.  Peterson's Kidney Cure,  $1.00
per bottle, now    75c
Almond Cream,  50c,  now    40c
Glauber  Salts,  \n-r It)     5c
Chinese Catarrh Cure. 50V, now 40c
Mronchiii!   Lozenges,   25c   j>er   box,
now    15c
Witch  Hazel Ointment,  25c a box,
now   20c
Arnica Ointment, 25e a box, now 20c
Scott's Carbolic Ointment,  25c a
box,  now  , I  20c
Stewart's Kidney Pills, 50c a box
now   30c
Castoria,  per bottle    20c
Syrup of  Hypophosphites, 91.501
now   cjfic
Emulsion Cod Liver Oil, $1, now 70c
You save from 25 to 40 per cent,
on your prescriptions here.
Our Cubeb and Tolu Cough Cure
fails to do what is expected of it
once in two hundred times. At sud
times we desire to refund the money
paid for it.
On the whole it is the best Cough
Cure we have ever seen tried. It does
tho utmost possible good without
possibility of harm. Pleasant to
take, prompt in results, orally good
for children or adults.
Two Sizes
25 and 50c.
Child Labor
wealthier clauses of Ehlngcn, inWur-
temburg, petitioned the municipality
to reserve the public markets for one
hour daily for them, in order that
they might do their marketing 'Hindis
turbed by women of the poorer classes." The municipality declined to
accede to this request.
Joy.. 12th
AT 8 P. M.
WANTED:      by     Chicago  wholrf
house,   special    representatiw
each  province  in  Conaila.    Sail
$20,00    and   expenses paid h-q
Expense     money   advanced.   i:J
ness successful: jmsition peniip.nj
No   investment  require*),   Fuji
experience   not  essential to ogfl
ing.     Address
General Manager,  1 '!2 l,eke sd
Chicago, 111., I'.sl
This issue is No. 345.   If tins I
tfee number  upon your address sll
your  subscription  expires with   ■
number.     If further copies are <i>-|
ed,  renewal  should  lie made al
If care is  taken  to renew bafort
expiration of the old sidiscription«|
will greatly simplify mutters in i
office as well as avoid any bn-a
receipt of papers.
Box 886,
Vancouver B. I
53 Cordova St., opp. P, Burns & Co.
Negligee Shirt|
Not Too Early to Look
Exclusive patterns are now I
some of the choice ones will Ix-1
early, and some of the MP]
cannot duplicate. If you tmvi
unusual styles it will intsnst p-l
come promptly.
Flatiron Hats
The SMartett Soft Hat of the Six
These tints have been enthusi*
cally received by young men ■<
the very first day we brought 'A
out. Neither trouble nor «!■•
has been saved In the productlo-l
these goods, as you will chw'l
acknowledge  upon examination-
ItO Cordova Street
Cash Grocery Sto
Wc also carry a full Un« «• U
Hire,  on easy  payments,  « H
that  cannot  be  duplicated.
Inspect our stock.
Car WtitalMtor Ave and Him*-
7.  Cordova St.,   next to   Hartr-yn,
Thero aro still a number o! houses within the radluo »,
Electric Lighting system that aro using coal
should not be.
oil lamps-
The Electric Light la the modern light,   tho safe -'bJJl.-s
nvenlent light, the cheap light.      ONCE   USED,    A*-**
convenient light, the cheap light.
USED;   that is why we ask; you to try It.
Call and ace tho Chief of   our Lighting Department
tho matter over.


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