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The Star Jul 18, 1908

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 "»aU
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THE
STAR
r#
Vol. L
PORT ESSINGTOJtf, B. C, JULY 18, 1908
No. 8
PISHING FLEET IN STORM.
Boats Wrecked Off the Skeena.
A sou'-east storm on the gth instant caught the fleet of fishing boats
out on salt water off the mouth of
the Skeena. The run was at its height,
and almost every boat was out on the
exposed water when the storm fell. A
number of the boats were disabled,
some filled, and a few capsized. As
yet no fatalities have become known.
Some of the fishermen take small
children with them as "boat-pullers,'
and in case of storm or other sudden
call where one is required at the net,
or helm, and another to manage the
sail, this constitutes a serious danger.
It should not be permitted, especially
in boats going out to salt water.
SUCCESSFUL CONCERT.
The musical evening given in the
Methodist church Friday, July 3rd,
by Mr. and Mrs. Hicks of Victoria,
was thoroughly enjoyed by a well-
filled house. Mr. Hicks is always
popular,  but  Mrs.   Hicks  carried  us
all away by her chirming manner as
well as by her delightful voice and
excellent elocutionary ability.
If Gideon looks for first place at Essington he must leave Mrs. Hicks at
home after this. The encores were
numerous, but Mr. Hicks hardly got
his share., Josti's "Goodbye," and
"My Rosarie" t>y Mrs, Hicks were
nartiesjarly appreciated Mr. and Mrs.
Hicks' duets wejrcjffeo very fine. Mr.
Hicks has a vdfjrjjltie baritone voice,
;;nd proved bhftf^ttf an accomplished
binger of imusfti merit. They further delighted ok with a service of
sacred song in the Methodist church
the following Sunday evening after
the close of the evening services. The
town being not yet satisfied, they
were asked to give a repeat the next
Monday evening in" the Salvation
Army Barracks, to which they graciously complied. Even after the
three musical evenings we were loth
to see them go. We hope they'll
come back soon.
Dr. W.'J. Curry, Dentist, has opened an office at Port Essington, where
he wilt practise his profession for the
next few weeks.
OUT OF THE PAST.
Interesting History of the  Firm of   R. Cunningham & Son—Growing
With the Country.
A     M
B. Cunningham ft Bon's Fort Easlngton Establishment.
Warerooms, General Store, Essington Hotel, Hotel Annex.
Steamer Fort Simpson loading lumber at B. Oruiningnaia ft Son's Mill.
chants.     There   is   nothing   but
number  of  people  aways  aboj
store or standing on the pon
the large amount of stock store*
In a commanding location at the
corner of Dufferin and Kitselas
streets, with a beautiful outlook over
the river, stands the establishment of
R. Cunningham & Son, general mer-
* *
.•   •*
(Continued on Page 3.)
.*»*». Vafc.v
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—————
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THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat., July 18.
"
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THE   ETHIOAPIAN   CHANGING
HJS SKIN.
The United States Brewers' Association, at its meeting at Milwaukee,
Wis., last month, showed at least
some shrewd business appreciation of
the trend of public sentiment in an
attempt to set "the trade" in a more
favorable light before the public.
Some people have taken the notion
that there**is a great deal of evil
springing out of the business this Association represents. Some thirty-live
or forty millions of people of the
United States are so strongly prejudiced against the traffic that they are
living in prohibition territory. This,
of course, seriously interferes with
"the trade," and the Association has*
tens to assure the public that they do
not want any man to drink too much
beer. Their Association "offers its
co-operation with any movement looking to the promotion of habits of
temperance in the use of fermented
beverages."
Neither the Association nor "the
trade" have ever, up to the present,
^a-en considered as actively interested
in the cause of reform. But now they
<kav. the line in a manner altogether
too fanatical for some communities
when they say they were never responsible for the lawless saloon, but
were always in favor of getting rid
of the "undesirable saloon." We understand lawless as referring to the
saloon that runs contrary to law. If
that be a fair interpretation of plain
English, then the brewers would close
the Sunday bars in Tort Essington.
Perhaps they did not know they were
getting on dangerous ground.
But there is worse to follow. These
reckless fellows say:    "We favor the
passage and the enforcement of laws
for the regulation of the drink traffic
and for keeping such traffic free from
unlawful   and   improper   accessories,
and   we     earnestly    desire   such   improvement  in the drinking habits  of
the   people,  as   will   still   further  advance temperance."
Think of that!   What fanaticism!
"Enforcement of laws"—
"Regulation of the drink traffic"—
"Free from unlawful and improper
accessories"—
"Improvement    in    the    drinkmj
habits of the people"—
"Still further advance temperance."
"Enforcement of laws"; then there
will he doings when the brewers' sentiment prevails in Port Essington.
"Free from unlawful and improper
accessories"; then the slot machines
and some baize-covered tables would
be out on the beach to be gradually
pied by Skeena silt, if these reform-
d their way. Oh, we are not
r these good brewers in Port
on.    They  arc   too  good   for
Their most advanced sentiment we
hesitate to quote, as it is so far from
any local application. They say: "We
also recognize that the maintenance
of saloons in residence neighborhoods
where they are not desired by the
residents is neither profitable nor
wise." That seems to even look toward local option, but it does not
concern us much here.
The moral of it all is that these
brewers are shrewd in reading the
signs of the times. They see that
unless the traffic he curbed within
the limits of at least a show of respectability, the awakening conscience
of the public will not tolerate it even
in a restricted form. They say, "We
had better be good or they will kick
us out altogether." That is shrewd
business sense that ought to appeal
to every man.
THE   ANGLICAN   CHURCH   ON
MORAL ISSUES.
In the latter part of June the Toronto Anglican Synod held its annual
session in that city. A Toronto con-
temp* »rary says:
"For good or for ill, and we believe
for great good, the church has come
to interest herself in the great public
questions of the day, and has been
striving, as she never did before, to
see what her relationships and duties
thereto are. This year's Synod meeting in Toronto is evidence that she is
greatly broadening her outlook, and
is accepting the proposition that the
church is in business for what we
might call great practical ends. Great
public moral issues were faced in a
spirit of responsibility and earnestness.
"One of the most striking discussions of the Synod meeting was that
on race-track gambling and kindred
evils. A report of the Committee on
the State of the Church deplored the
prevalence of race-track gambling at
the Woodbine track, the attendance of
many members of the church a't the
race meetings, and also their indulgence in excessive and indiscriminate
novel-reading, week-end excursions,
and bridge.' Mr. S. II. Blake's
speeches on the same general theme
were strong and uncompromising. For
the greater portion of the evils of the
Woodbine track he blamed the members of his own church, for he held
that it was their attendance in such
large numbers that made the institution   possible."
To what extent this may be true we
cannot say. We do know that there
is an increasing number of members
of leading Protestant churches who
sanction and indulge in this sort of
thing. Gambling in any form is an
insinuating and destructive evil, and
its growth in any direction cannot but
be looked upon with consternation by
those who desire the highest good of
the community.
IN THE OTTAWA HOUSE.
From the time the Opposition came
to terms on the election bill, and
withdrew their blockade last month,
there has been much doing in the
House looking toward prorogation.
Two of the bills dealt with were of
more than usual interest, one concerning the cigarette evil, and the
other aiming at civil service reform.
Anti-Cigarette  Bill.
Hon. Mr. Aylesworth has fathered
this bill, which came up in committee June i6. The bill aims at prohibiting the sale of cigarettes to boys
under eighteen years of age, and provides penalties for the punishment of
anyone who violates this enactment.
There are in most of the provinces
enactments forbidding the sale of
cigarettes to minors, but the effect of
incorporating the prohibition in the
Criminal Code will be to make one
law on the subject for the Dominion
as a whole. There is excellent prospect of this bill becoming law before
the end of the present session.
lly its enactment, the sale of cigarettes or cigarette paper to boys under
eighteen would lay the seller open to
a line of $10 for the first offence, $25
for the second offence, and $100 for
a third and subsequent orfence1:. There
are also penalties provided* for the
boy who attempts to defy this enactment, a reprimand for the first offence, a line for a second offence, and
four dollars for a third offence.
BOOKS    ON    SOCIALISM    AND
SOCIAL SUBJECTS,
Many people are interested in sociai
questions who are at a loss as to
what books will give best returns for
time and money. As being concise,
conclusive and cheap, we recommend
FOUR—STAR
the following list:
Orthodox Socialism,   by   Lc   Ros-
signol.
The Socialists, Who They Are and
What They Stand For. by J. Spar go.
Christianity and the Social Crisis,
by  Ranschenbusch.
Jesus Christ and the 8ocial Order,
by   Peabody.
Sin and Society, by Professor Ross.
Any of these books will be supplied
by the "Star" at publishers' prices.
THE DEATH'S HEAD.
A commission appointed by the
Russian Douma to study the drink
question is reported as in favor of
putting on the vodka bottles, in place
of the government imperial eagles, a
picture of the skull and crossbones.
But then the Russians are only half-
civilized anyway.
;,
»
V
ra-^* Port Essington, B.C., Sat., July  [8.
THE   STAR
3
OUT OF THE PAST.
(Cantinned from  Pago 1 )
i
P
'
in the numerous warehouses, to indicate the great amount of business
transacted. There is even less in this
very matter-of-fact business linn to
suggest the romantic past out of
which they have come.
It is a far cry back to the time of
the Western Union Telegraph Co. and
their proposal to reach Europe overland by way of Alaska and Siberia.
They have left only a few indistinct
memories of the time when hundreds
of thousands of dollars were sunk
clearing the course of the proposed
line, and a few names linger with us
to link us to the past. Major Bulk-
ley, who had charge of the  work in
ton is called by the Indians, it was
merely a fall camping ground for the
passing bands of Tsimshean and Kit-
sclas tribes. He brought with him
Mr. Jas. Robinson, a Kitselas Indian.
When the steamer Otter was expected
they hung so many Hags among the
trees that Captain Lewis thought
there was a big town here. This was
the first venture at advertising. It
paid.
Mr. Cunningham soon developed
plans which gave evidence of his superior business ability. His trade consisted largely of staples given in exchange for furs. For the fur trade
he was in keen competition with the
Hudson's Bay. But he was ever a
shrewd buyer, withal giving the hunters enough to always retain their allegiance.      Realizing   the   advantages
Th« lat* Mr. Bobert Cunning-ham,
Founder of the firm of R. Cunningham & Son.
this division, left his name to the
fertile valley at the head waters of
the Skeena. Telegraph Creek, too,
bears record in its name to the use
the natives titod*1 of the stores of
abandoned wire in bridging the mountain torrents crossing their trails. In
1866 Cyrus W. Field succeeded in
laying the Atlantic cable, and this
western enterprise was abandoned.
It was in these early times that
Mr. Robert Cunningham, a typical
son of Erin, laid the foundations of
the future town of Port Essington.
It is not given to many men in these
unromantic latter days to actually
create a town in the midst of a wilderness, and out of lonely solitudes to
build large business enterprises, as
did Mr. Cunningh im. When he first
landed   at   "Spok-short,"   as   Kssing-
of having a settlement of Indians permanently located near his trading
post, he gave the Indians of the Kitselas and Kitsumkallum tribes free
possession of .1 petition of the large
tract of land he had secured from the
government. This was afterward
deeded to them as a special Indian
reservation, reverting on the decease
of the Indians to the Cunningham estate. This was the nucleus of the
future town of Port Essington,
Mr. Cunningham found many difficulties which his native wit and invention helped him to overcome. Cash
was scarce in those days. There were
no banking houses on the northern
coast, and not sufficient cash for the
purposes of exchange. To meet this
difficulty Mr. Cunningham became his
own   banker.     He   issued   instead   of
bank notes, brass trading chVjues,
shaped like round coins, and made
payable by R. Cunningham. By his
keeping faith with the Indians, these
cheques soon came to be prized by
the natives at their full face value,
and became a medium of exchange
among the tribes. They were even
preferred to cash, the nature of which
the natives but indistinctly understood. When the proposed line for
the C. P. R. was being surveyed in
the seventies, Mr. Keefer, C.E., paid
his men in dollar bills, the first introduced in this district. But the
people were mistrustful, and hastened
to exchange them for the old, reliable
brass  coinage  of   R.  Cunningham.
Mr. Cunningham soon saw the advantages of a saw-mill, and with characteristic enterprise, at once set about
supplying the need. The first mill
was built in company with Tom Gamble, who was drowned two years ago
in the Skeena. This mill later proved
inadequate for their growing trade,
and it was finally abandoned in 1808
for a first class steam mill built about
a mile from the town, at a point
easy of access for scows and tugs.
This branch naturally lead to other
ventures, such as logging outfits. R.
Cunningham & Son were the first fo
introduce steam logging on the northern coast. They have a well "fitted
logging camp in operation now at
Kumelon  Inlet.
Another line of venture was steam*
boating. As a member of the North-
Western Canncrs' Association, Mr.
Cunningham secured a controlling interest in the old Cariboo and Fly, the
forerunner of the C. P. N. Co. Before this he had built a schooner for
local trade. But during a trip to
Queen Charlotte Islands the schooner
was wrecked, and one of Mr. Cunningham's sons was drowned. Later
ventures in the same line were the
tug Muriel, since sold, and the handsomely fitted tug Chieftain, built under Mr. Cunningham's personal supervision, and today one of the handsomest tugs of the coast. She is
now under the control of Mr. R. G.
Cunningham, carrying passengers between  Essington and Rupert.
Mr. Cunningham had now established a branch store at Ha/elton, a
hundred and eighty miles up the
Skeena, in company at first with Mr.
Tom llankin, who afterwards sold out
his interest to his partner. Mr. C.
I\ Morrison, who had gone into that
country in 1866, was placed in charge
anil continues the oversight of the
linn's interests at that place.
When Mr. Cunningham first came
to Port Essington there was a small
steamer running between the mouth
of the Skeena and the Canyon. The
Hudson's Bay Company afterwar
put steamers on the river, but f
charges   were   exhorbitant,
a \
y
.-: -r.*\
(Continued on PatfeS.) TH E   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat, July 18.
•-
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ICbe Star
is published fortnightly at
PORT   ESSINGTON, B.C.,
in  the   Commercial,   Social,   Literary
and Moral interests of the
SKEENA RIVER DISTRICT,
By B. C. FREEMAN and Friends.
Subscription Price, $1.75 a year.
Strictly in advance.
Advertising Rates.
Prospecting, timber and land notices,
$5.00  per  month.
Legal notices, 10 cents per line.
Reading notices, 25 cents per line.
Address all communications to
THE STAR,
Box 15       -       Port Essington, B.C.
£ iyutted by  Thou. B.  Cuaaok,  Victoria.
-  "- -       1 11 ,1   -1 „„M, , m    w
A  CLEAR  STATEMENT.
In the police court on July 9th, before Magistrate Williams, a woman
stated under oath that she entered a
certain house near the mill, and asked
tne landlady to "call the girls." A
number of girls came in response, and
that she then called for drinks all
round, which were furnished in the
hSuse. ' There is no question as to
the purpose for which the house is
run, and here is indisputable evidence
given on oath before a magistrate that
a number of girls are kept there and
respond to the call of the "landlady."
It is up to our authorities now to take
action, or to let us know the reason
why they do not.
DISTRIBUTION OF WEALTH IN
THE UNITED STATES.
According to the census of 1900,
the total wealth of the United States
is about $95,000,000,000. This is distributed as follows:
Capitalist classy-Number, 250,000;
amount owned, $67,000,000,000; percentage of total wealth, 70.5.
Middle class—Number, 8,430,000;
amount owned, $24,000,000,000; percentage of total wealth, 25.3.
Proletarian class—Number, 20,400,-
000; amount owned, $4,000,000,000;
percentage of total wealth, 4.2.
Here is food for reflection. Less
than 1 per cent, of the population
owns over 70 per cent, of the wealth
of the country. The middle class
suffer somewhat from this gross dis-
propriation of numbers to wealth,
since about 29 per cent, of population,
which  they  represent,  owns only 25
it cent, of the wealth.   This class we
usually consider either incom-
or   indifferent   and   lazy,   yet,
sy   fall   somewhat   short   of
>portionment.    But the great
weight of the burden falls upon the
weltering millions of the proletariat
class, where 70 per cent, of the population owns only 4 per cent, of the
heritage of the state into which they
are born.
Over twenty millions of people own
less than $200 each. How long will
that last when the factory shuts down
because of "over-production," or the
wage-earner breaks a limb, or a child
sickens and needs medical care and
tender nursing? Can anyone picture
the pathos of a child dying slowly
day by day, going down inch by inch
in the agonized parent's sight, just
for want of what money might procure in medical aid, or nursing, or
fresh air, and which must yet be de-
which has been pressed to the utmost,
to make gain from the many in the
interests of the few. It is a menace
to the peace of the state, a glaring
injustice which is crying to heaven
for remedy, or at least for restriction.
Roosevelt says: "A class grievance
left too long without a remedy breeds
class consciousness." Small wonder,
then, at the social unrest at the present time.
SUCCESSFUL TOURNAMENT
Of the Port Essington Gun Club on
Dominion Day.
The first regular team shoot of the
Essington and    Prince    Rupert Gun
B. Cunning-ham ft Son's
nied it simply because there are others
equally beloved dependent for the
very bread of existence on the savings of a man who has less than $200
between his family and blank starvation. This is not fancy. It is a
mathematical   demonstration.
Even more intolerable does the situation become when it is equally clear
that this is very largely because less
than one per cent, of the population
has an apportionment of wealth so
enormously in excess of their due
share. It may not be entirely due
to this, it is true. Some, perhaps,
drink to excess, and some are lazy,
and some are incompetents, and some
are spendthrifts. But if anyone will
dare to say that seventy per cent, of
the population are drunkards, or lazy,
or incompetents, or spendthrifts, it is
an insult and a calumny on the average sobriety and thrift of the class.
And who will say these vices do not
exist among the pampered one per
cent, to quite an equal degree as
among the poor.
The truth is, this glaring inequality
in the distribution of wealth is largely
the result of a system where birth or
chance   has   given   the   opportunity,
law-mill. Fort BMinftoa.
clubs was held at Port Essington on
the first, and resulted in a victory for
the home team. The score was surprisingly good, considering the short
practice and unfavorable weather. A
large crowd of enthusiasts from Rupert and Essington were in attendance on the club grounds. \
The team score out of a possible 25
was as follows:
For Rupert—
Craig       23
Geopel     21
Marten     "
Total    ,.'. ,. 55
For Essington—
McKenzie  23
Stone    22
Hayes i#%  21
Total     66
In the individual events, the first
was won by Geo* Hayes, killing the
fifteen straight, Craig taking second,
and Geopel third places. In the second event, McKenzie and Stone led
with 19 birds each. McKenzie won
in the shoot off with ' five birds
straight, Stone missing the last.   Con-
•%'&
* Port Essington, B.C., Sat., July 18.
THE   STAR
6
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solation prize was won by Stone with
fourteen straight kills.
The members of the club wish to
thank the Essington merchants for
their generous donation of prizes.
The awards were as follov s:
For the team shoot, Cup and Banner, won  by  Port  Essington  Club.
First individual event, Safety Razor,
donated by Messrs. McKenzie and
Jackson, won by Geo. Hayes, second
prize, Meerchaum pipe, donated by
R. Cunningham & Son, won by Wm,
Craig; third prize, tie pin, donated
by H. E. Kerby, won by Goepel.
Second individual event, cigar case,
donated by R. J. McDonnell, won by
H. McKenzie; second prize, Dox of
soap, donated by Geo. Baillie, won
by T. Stone.
Third individual event, cuff links,
donated by O. A. Ragstad, won by
T. Stone.
THE   PRINCE   RUPERT   TOMAHAWK.
The Prince Rupert "Empire" seems
grieved. It often is. In fact it is
so often grieved that it is beginning
to exhaust public sympathy. We
really cannot weep any more every
time it does. A few w^eks ago it
was grieving over ^ItfB^ decadence of
law in Port Essington and tin inef-
fiency of Port Essington authorities.
Now it is grieving because they have
proved their efficiency, but this time
on some of the Empire's friends. In
its issue r>f July 4th it says:
"Some of the boys who went over
from Prince Rupert to Port Essington to help celebrate Dominion Day
got drunk and were arrested by Constable Shade and his assistants and
were brought before Fisheries Inspector John T. Williams, who is a magistrate, and were fined $5 and costs."
The boys did not seem to like the
advice of Constable Shade and inspector Williams, who is a stipendiary magistrate, gave them, and they
went home and told the Empire. The
Empire does not seem to like olhcr
people to give advice. It keeps a
private and complete monopoly on
that orivilege—or tries to. So now
it breaks out.in vituperation. There
is no pretence'Nthat the drunken Ru-
pertites who made the night hideous
with their besotted carousals did not
deserve all they got* and much more.
But one trouble seems to be that
the whiskey was sold at Port Essington instead of at Prince Rupert.
As to the next charge, it passe?
belief that any sane, sober man
would make it.    Here" it is:
"John T. Williams; is a federal ol
ficial, and it ill-becomes a man in his
position to denounce or lecture the
people of Prince Rupert." Tike notice, all ye people 1 A federal official must not denounce or lectute the
people of Prince Rupert!    A mr "is-
IT LOOKS GOOD
FIT-REFORH
clothes are being worn more and more
each year by men who put correctness
above everything else, by men who
put solid wear above all else, and by
men who want both style and service.
FIT-REFORH
Fall and Winter patterns .«re
just in and are the nicest, most
up-to-date creations ever shown
in Essington. Suits, Overcoats,
Raincoats, Pants—all the latest^
in clothes.
TO WEAR THE BEST
The North Coast Commercial Company
PORT   ESSINGTON.
ESSINGTON TIN SHOP
GENERAL TINNING AND   PLUMBING
Stoves and Camp Outfitting a Specialty.
H. H. ROWE & SON,   Dufferin  Street
GEO. WYATT. Painter and Decorator.
PAPER  HANGINQ
PORT ESSINGTON PRINCE RUPERT
WESTERN HOUSE, DUFFERIN ST.
trate on the bench must not express
his opinion of any offence whatsoever
the sacred sons of the Grand Trunk
town may choose to commit. The
nature of one offence committed is
shown by an item on the same page
of the Empire offering a situation on
the staff of the paper to "the husky
youth from Prince Rupert who
handled six provincial constables at
Port Essington on Dominion Day
when drunk."
But he must not be interfered with.
After pointing out the unseemliness
of Magistrate Williams lecturing
such a youth, the  Empire continues:
"If he has done so, then the sooner
he is relieved from performing any
duties for the federal government the
better it will be for tne people of the
North  Coast."
This is getting serious. We may
tolerate a man's lalking maudlin nonsense until he interferes with an important official in the discharge of
hie duty. Then It is time to protest.
Magistrate Williams in this matter
did his duty and nothing but his duty,
or if he failed in anything it was in
leniency toward the drunken culprits
E. B. EDWARDS & SON
Contractor & Builder
Shop Work a Specialty.
PORT ESSINQTON,       -       B. C.
from the Empire's town. Yet the
Rupert Tomahawk is on his trail, and
also after Constable Shade. Boys,
you had better take to the woods
now, for sure.
BE THANKFUL.
A peculiar accident happened to one
of Toronto's finest gasoline launches.
During an electric storm the tank was
struck by the fluid causing an explosion, which practically wrecked the
boat and so seriously injured the engineer that there is little hopes of his
recovery. One of the many things
for which Essingtonians have reason.
to thank their stars is that they hi
no electric storms. Every wt£|
eastern papers are filled with
ties.    This year especially the
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human life and property has been
appalling. No account is taken of
the terrified women and children who
vainly seek under sheds and in cellars, a retreat from the lurid light,
and awful crash, nor the weak-kneed
man who tries to be brave.
OUT OF THE PAST.
(Concluded from Pago.1,1
accommodation to an aggressive business rival but scant. Supplier had to
be furnished the interior post, and
furs brought out. Mr. Cunningham
built two river boats in succession,
first the Monte Cristo, and later the
Hazelton, to meet this need.
Numerous   other   ventures   showed
Mr. Cunningham's business enterprise.
He early    built    a    salmon    cannery
which   he   ran   for   many   years,   disposing of it in 1002 to the B. C. Packers'   Association.    Some  of  his  ventures   which   were   not   remunerative,
yet   showed   keen   business   insight.
Such was the installation  of a freezing plant in connection with his cannery   in   1891.    It   failed,   simply   because the eastern markets had not yet
been developed.    He was ahead of his
tii>e in an enterprise which has since
proven one of the most remunerative
on the coast.    At  Porcher Island he
lilt  a  dog-fish oil  refinery.    There
was a good market for the oil, but he
had been misled about the fish.   They
could not be obtained in that  region
in   sufficient   numbers.     The   consequence was, with the wharf and plant
he sunk about $20,000.
In 1893 he built a large hotel at
Port Essington. He had faith in the
country, and with characteristic foresight he prepared to meet developments. The hotel was burned in 1899,
but rebuilt the next year on a still
more  extensive  scale.
Mr. Cunningham    died    in    Jubilee
Hospital,  Victoria,  on  April  8,   1905.
He   had  done   more   to  develop  and
build up the resources of the country
than  any  other  individual   who  ever
came to the coast; and he left a lasting monument to his memory in the
various business enterprises which his
genius initiated.    No other trader has
ever left so large an impress on the
country as  Mr.  Robert  Cunningham.
At his    death    the    business  with
which he was immediately concerned
was continued as a joint stock company under the name of R. Cunningham and Son, Mr. R. G. Cunningham
being president and  Managing Director;    Mr.    A.    G.    Harris, Secretary-
Treasurer;    Mr.   J.   M.   MacCormick,
Accountant;   Mr. Walter Noel, bookkeeper and auditor, and  Messrs.  Al-
,bert  Noel,  L.  G.  Cary,  Ray Wilson,
id R. B. Plum, salesmen.
Kir. MacCormick, who comes from
rail, Ontario, is an incorporated
THE   STAR
accountant of the  United States, and
has  had  wide  experience   in  mercantile   life,   especially   in   the   hardware
line.     Mr.    I).   S.    Lothian,   manager
of the saw-mill,  is  a  Glengarry  boy.
The   linn   carries  a  large  stock  on
the   two   lloors   of  their   store,  32  by
100   feet.     Besides   this   they   have   a
well-lillcd   warehouse,   20  by   50  feet,
and   three    smaller   warehouses    and
wharf  where   they   can   store   several
hundred tons of freight.    They carry
a  special  line of  men's  clothing,  being  agents   for  the   Campbell   Manufacturing Company of Montreal. They
are  also agents  for  Walkover  Shoes
of Kieth & Co., Mass.    They carry a
large   general   line,   and   are   getting
their   full   share  of  the   tide  of  prosperity   which   is   so   evident   in   our
town.
PRESENTATION   TO   THE
TEACHER.
A  pleasant  event  occurred  on  the
evening of July  "th,  when a number
of   our  townspeople   gathered   in   the
schoolhouse to do honor to Miss Alice
M.   Philip of  North Vancouver.   Miss
Philip is severing her connection with
the public school after three years of
faithful   service   as   teacher,   and   the
community    took    this    occasion    to
gratefully   acknowledge   its   appreciation   of   her   work.     Doctor   Wilson,
secretary   of  the  Trustee   Board,  took
the   chair,   and   after   a   few   graceful
words  indicating the  purpose  of  the
gathering,  he  called   Miss   Philip  and
Miss Fanny Noble to the front.    Rev.
Mr. Freeman then read an address to
Miss Philip, signed by a large number
of citizens, and Miss Noble presented
her   with   a   gold   watch,   a   cut   glass
vase and purse of gold from her Essington friends.    The watch is a little
beauty, secured through our local jeweller,   Mr.   Ragstad,  and   suitably  engraved with monogram on the  front,
date on the back, and appropriate inscription  inside the case.    After Miss
Philip had expressed her very evident
surprise  and   thanks,    the    chairman
called  upon   Doctor   Kergin,   M.L.A.,
who in a  neat  address of few words
expressed the sentiments of the gathering.    The   proceedings  closed  with
the singing of "Auld Lang Syne," and
a hearty round of "She's a Jolly Good
Fellow."
The address was as follows:
Dear Miss Philip,—We take this opportunity to give some expression to
mingled  feelings  of pleasure  and  regret,   pleasure   from   the   memory   of
your association with us for the past
three  years,    and    regret    that  such
pleasant and helpful associations are
now about to terminate.    During your
residence   among   us   you   have   laid
upon   us   a   debt   of   gratitude   which
we gladly acknowledge and will long
remember,  not only for the faithful-
Port Kssington, B.C., Sat, July 18.
ness   and   efficiency   of   your   school
work, but also for the wider and untiring  interest  which  you  have continually manifested in the welfare and
happiness of our community at large.
With our children you have been laying  foundations   not  only  of  literary
and scholastic attainments, but by example as well as by precept, of sterling character and self-denying helpfulness.     The   place   you  have  made
for yourself in the community will be
hard to fill.    Whether in the Sunday
school,  or  the  other  organized work
of the church, or in the social interests presenting themselves from time
to time, your sympathetic and unflagging energy has in a very large measure contributed   to    the    success attained.     We  freely  acknowledge  the
profit as well as the  pleasure which
has come to us through our association with you, and beg you to accept
this   inadequate   token  of our  appreciation of your work.
As you go from us to other fields
you leave with us fragrant memories
of grateful friendship. We extend to
you our most earnest wishes for your
welfare and happiness, assured in
whatever sphere of influence you' may
move, that place is blest. In the
words of your country's own immortal bard, we wish you—
Farewell, dear friend!    May guid luck
hit you,
And 'many her favorites admit you;
If e'er Detraction shone to smite you,
May  na'ne believe  him!
And ony deil that thinks to get you,
Good Lord deceive him.
AROUND TOWN.
G. W. Deacon & Co. have bought
out Mr. Joljn Cunningham's stock,
and are opening up a general store in
the Upper Skeena Trading Co.'s old
stand. Mr. Deacon comes from London, Out., where he was designer for
a large manufacturing house for many
years. Looking for an opening in the
west to start in business on his own
account, he was impressed with the
opportunities Port Essington offers,
and acted accordingly. He has been
looking about for the old familiar
odor of May flowers and dog-tooth
violets. He finds the aroma of old
salmon and Frizzell's glue abundantly
satisfying, however, and has decided
to cast in his lot unreservedly with
Port Kssington. We gladly welcome
him as an acquisition to the business
and social life of the town. Wc hope
there was no covert insinuation in
his remark that he did not like the
dryness of the Okauagan Valley,
which he visited, and so came to Essington.
♦   *    *
The run of salmon last week was
especially good, the average per boat
sometimes    running    over    170,    and
1
1 b
If
MB
I    1 Port Essington, B.C., Sat., July 18.
THE   STAR
*
V
some boats bringing in as high as 525.
Some of our old cannery friends are
going about with smiles so broad that
the sidewalks need widening.
* *   *
Mr. E. B. Edwards and Son are
building a shop back of the English
church lot. We wondered at the location  at  first,  until  he   told us  he
meant to specialize on coffin making.
* ♦   *
An impromptu ball given at the
Queen's a few evenings ago by H. E.
Kerbyt was much ^enjoyed \>y\ the favored few.
»   *   *
The trial trip of the steel launch,
"Marjorie/ recently purchased by
Messrs. Cameron and Freeze, was
made on the 10th instant. With a
little manuel persuasion she took
gracefully to her native element, Miss
Mary Wilson doing the honors of the
occasion. • Through struggling under
the unfavorable conditions of having
a bank cashier in charge in her engine room, and a postmaster at the
wheel, the "Marjorie" responded to
every test% most satisfactorily, and
•proved herself speedy and reliable.
But don't forget to take the oars with
you.
* *   *
"It   is   more   important   that   we
should know how to lead clean and
moral   lives,   thangflo  know  how  to
k   make moViey^y questiohatlle means?"
—Dr. Wilson at School Closing.
* *   *
Professor J. H. Grant of Columbian Methodist College, New Westminster, has been visiting friends in
Essington for the past two weeks.
He is a contributor to contemporary
magazines, and we feel honored that
he has courteously acquiesced to our
request for a contribution from his
pen. His writings are imbued with
the spirit of the prairies, and will
come as a refreshing breeze from
broader fields to us at Port Essington. So we are coming on better
things than we had ever dared to
dream of when we initiated this enterprise.
* *   *
Mr. Anderson, teacher, of Port
Simpson, was also with us for n few
days. He haj* taken up his residence
at Balmoral fc$ a few weeks during
the sockeye runt but he will not forget his promise to help a lame dog
over a style. So we are looking for
good things in our columns for the
days to come.
A CHAPTER OF ACCIDENTS.
July 10th a workman was putting in
a shot in the cutting across the river
when it exploded prematurely, striking him in the face. One of his eyes,
as a result, is hopelessly ruined, and
the other will need very careful treatment to save it.
The next day another workman was
brought into the hospital with a fractured skull, the result of a tree falling
on him. The blow knocked him into the river, from which he was
uragged unconscious. At the time of
writing he is still lying unconscious
in the Port Essington Hospital, and
in a very critical condition.
A third distressing accident occurred in the evening of the same day,
a Japanese workman at the saw-mill
getting his right arm cut off near the
elbow. lie was also taken to the
hospital, where his arm was dressed
by Doctors Kergin and Wilson.
LOCAL   ENTERPRISE.
"We're here because we're here,"
and because we're here and intend to stay here, we're going
to hold here what we have here, the
keena river trade. That's why
why Mr. Geo. Frazzell is extending
his dock 40 feet to deep water, is
adding a frontage of 150 feet, is
building an up-to-date freight shed
70x40 feet, enlarging the present o\m
30x30 feet, is making a special slip
for the river boats where they may
lie at all tides unmolested, at landings convenient for the handling of
the river freight and passenger traffic.
All the coast and river boats will now
mltke this their permanent dock of
call. The holding of the up river
trade means much to Essington, and
we are glad to see our town saved
from premature and permanent loss
by the energy of our enterprising
citizen.
TO  MAKE SOMEBODY  HAPPY.
The young man has a fondness for
poetry and has written a number of
poems besides several short stories.
The following verses, entitled "Just
to Make Somebody Happy," are
among his poems:
Just to make somebody happy—
That's all that a person can do
As he meets the cars and the  woes
in life
And battles his character through.
Just to make somebody happy,
Just to help life the load
That is  weighing a  mortal down  in
life
And makes him faint on the road.
Just to make somebody happy,
As we give him a passing smile,
But it's often the thing that's needed
the most,
And it lasts a pretty long while.
Just to make somebody happy—
Like eth flowers upon the hill
Don't   make   the   trees   or  the   grass
that's green;
But only just seems to fill
A vacant spot, as it lifts its head
In  a  place  where  a  thistle  might
grow;
And it smiles and blushes and sc<
the air—
But I reckon it helps us, though.
Just to make somebody happy*—
In   the   struggles   and   cares   and
cares and strife
Its the kindest thing if we only help
A weaker one battle for life.
Just to make somebody happy,
And not put in his road a tnorn—
Which mayn't be big, but it bluts a
lot
Whenfcjs hope seiems all (forlorn, f*
Just to make somebody happy—
Just to lift him a mite toward God;
But I reckon 'twill help our souls a
heap,
When our bodies are under the sod
THE  HEART  OF THE QUEEN.
In  the  "St.   Luke's  Home for the
Dying,"   which  is  one  of  the  many
organizations cainicd on in connection
with our West London Mission, there
lies a poor girl called Martha Mas-
sey, who • ■ waiting for death.   Lying
in the quiet ward there has con% to
her some echoes of the great doirjgs
of the past few days—of the proceP
sions through soldier-lined streets, of
the French President and InV
the   King,  and  once   she  heard  that
England's beautiful Queen had passed
almost  in   sight  of  the  place where
she lay. Pondering deeply, there grew
up in her heart a great desire to see
the Queen before she closed her eyes
in death, and at last taking her courage in both hands she wrote a letter
to   the    Queen.    In    simple,   artless
words she told of her great desire,
and prayed that her dying wish might
be  gratified.    The response was immediate.    The next day, without any
warning to the officials of the Home,
the  Queen arrived to visit the poor
girl—brought   flowers   gathered  with
her own hands, spoke gentle words of
womanly and Christian sympathy, and.
made supremely happy one who has
had few bright days in her short life
of   pain.     Truly   the   heart   of   the
Queen  is  very  tender;   she  is as  a*
sister   to  her  people,  and  there  are
many who pray—
"God requite thee, my sister, through
the wonderful years to be,
And make thy people to love thee as
thou hast loved me."
—Owen S. Watkins in Christian
Guardian.
AL'S QUICK LUNCH
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT.
We Serve the Best Coffee in
Private Tables for Ladies.
0
:s-
\ Miuu'i "
8
THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sst* July ib\
~.'T.-, S
asc
SS"
t  -
I CUNNINGHAM & SON, LTD.
The Leading
sg.  Big General
Mining Supplies
Campjng
Provisions and
Groceries
Dry Goods
Gents'
Furnishings
Boots 6 Shoes
Large and Complete Stocks
at the Very Best Prices.
Port Essington and Hazelton, B. C.
—*
LUHBER AND SHINGLES
Mill* and Office at Port Essington, B. C.
Warner
LUNCH ROOM
Port Essington.
!   First Short Oitfor Restaurant in
Northern B. C.
OPEN DAY AND NIOHT
00000000000000000000000006
0000000000004
0. A. RAGSTAD
Watchmaker and
Jeweller
Watch Repairing a Specially
A irood lint of WatctMM, Clookfe, Jewelry. <m*srwsrr fid Cut Glass.
Dufferin St..    Port Earftigfto,.,
[etate & Jackson
^^      *    •
GROCERIES
CLOTHING
LADIES' and GENTS'
FURNISHINGS.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Patent Medicines, Stationery,
Fancy Goods, Magazines and
Books.
Suits made to order.
Skirts made to order.
Agents for the W. E. Sanford
Manufacturing Company Sovereign
Brand Clothing.
Stores . opposke^-Jtuya^ank,
Dufferin street.  ** ^^Ukumt^
The "Wilson Drug Co.
* CHEMISTS and DRUGGISTS
Drillers ill
Pure Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
Books, Stationery, Toilet
Articles, Etc.
Mail Onlrrs reouive prompt ami riirrf ul
ill trnl ion.
COTTER'S   GRILL.
ESSINGTON HOTEL
Mnils at all hours.
alar Meals       -       35 Cents
SHORT ORDERS
Capital paid up, $3,900,000. Reserve Fond, $4490,000,
The Royal Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL, QUE.
Total Assets, $46,800,000.   Nineteen Branches in British Columbia.
Savings Bank Department in which deposits of $1 and upwards arc
accepted and interest added quarterly, operated at all branch"!.
Wc sell Monty Orders, payable at any Chartered Bank in Canada.
PORT ESSINGTON BRANCH
S. A. MORLEY, Manager.
0<>000<>0000<>0<>000<>000<>0000000<><>0000000000000000000000
MORROW & FRIZZELL
BUTCHERS, PROVISION AND FRUIT DEALERS
PORT ESSINGTON,        -        British Cdh\mbia
<>0«>00<>C>000<><>00-0<>CK>C><><>C><>0(
Hicks & Lovick Piano Co. Ltd.
1204 Douglas St., Victoria
We want you to write us for information regarding Pianos.
We can quote you Low Prices.

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