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The Star Jun 20, 1908

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 Vol. I.
STAR
PORT ESSINGTON, B. C, JUNE 20, 1908
No. 1
inaugural
This is not an apology.
We have not consciously done anything we need to apologize for, and do
not mean to.
We have started this paper at Port Essington, and why not?
There is room for a paper here. We think there is actual need for it.
We have been gratified in canvassing the town for ads., at the cordial reception
given our proposition. People are nearly always shy of such a proposition
at first; and besides, the history of such ventures in the recent past here has
not been such as to encourage over much confidence. We are prepared for a
little coolness, and had our mental flannels on, but we did not get it. We
were soon perspiring in summer temperature. See the local ads. we have in
our first number.
Now we ask you to keep it up. We are very susceptible to chills. Don't
give us a cold, We must depend upon local patronage almost entirely. We
must cover publishing' expenses by ads. and subscriptions. We are doing the
work gratis. It depends upon you, then, to improve the paper. This number
is double the size of what we proposed when we started out. Can we keep
it up i    We ought to.    Will you %
We are offering in another column an excellent premium for annual
subscriptions. It is annual subscriptions that count in securing advertisements.
This is not begging.    We give you lull value for your money.   s
SUBSCRIBE    AT    ONCE.
Then we wrant to keep up the interest  in the paper.    It  must be  a
community  paper,  not a  one-man or one-party organ.    Will you   come   in
with it?    We welcome you to a share of the labor.    There is absolutely no
money in it or we vvouLd offer to share that too.    But we must have outside
help in conir Jjntib»?rft>, «y columns.
\.     '   ,,We, areyatl^gjiig*j^: correspondence from outlying points on  the coast.
*'W& want oin* own*toV5So«be well  represented.    We freely confess  we arc
V\ khbrVof both yellow^pVio*grey.inatter, but we'll get the yellow from ads. if you'll
' ^ furnish ".the, grey in contributions.
. -   ',  CONTRIBUTE -SOMETHING.
$   V   CRITICIZE, IF YOU FEEL LIKE LT.
FIND    FAULT,   ~lfr\r YOL    WILL.
HOWL,   IF   YOU    MUST.
Stand by the town paper, and we will stand by the town.
f   We particularly invitfi correspondence over signature of any matter which
may appeal to you. '   }
And if you want your a<j. increased, button-hole us any time on the street.
We are always approachable^on'^hat line. THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
SURPRISING FIGURES
"THE MAPLE LEAF FOREVER."
Nearly   Half  the   Population  of  the
United States Under Prohibition.
Some First of July Fireworks.
would hold 24 Switzerlands with
scenic grandeur unsurpassed in the
world.
"Eight million six hundred thousand
people abolished the saloon last year,
including four entire states. The
seven prohibition states have a population of over ten millions, while
twenty-seven million more live in
other prohibition territory, making
about forty-five per cent, of the total
population of the United States free
from the blighting influence of the
saloon. Of the thirty-four legislatures
in session last year twenty passed
laws unfavorable to the liquor traffic,
while no legislature has been in session during the present year that has
not had one or more temperance bills
before it. In recent years no legislation favorable to the liquor traffic has
been enacted."
This was the language in which
the progress of the temperance movement in the United States was reported to the General Assembly of the
Presbyterian Church in the United
States at Kansas City on the twenty-
eighth of last month.
GENERAL  ASSEMBLY.
Supreme   Court   of  the  Presbyterian
Church  Meets in Winnipeg.
The thirty-fourth annual session of
the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Canada met in Knox
Church, Winnipeg, its opening session
being held Wednesday, June 3rd. Between four and five hundred delegates
were present from all over Canada.
Some foreign missionaries were also
present, notably Rev. Mr. Gould, successor   to   the   late   Dr.   MacKay   in
Formosa. Western B. C. representatives were Rev. J. M. Millar, of Na-
naimo; Rev. J. McMillan, of Lady-
smith, and Thornton Fell and Walter
Walker, elders. The Rev. Robert
Murray, editor of the Halifax Presbyterian, and the Rev. Dr. R. P. Mac-
Kay, secretary of Foreign Missions,
who has recently returned from his
trip around the world, were prominent members.
The retiring moderator, the Rev.
Robert Campbell, of Montreal, closed
his duties in that capacity by preaching the opening sermon of the session, and was succeeded in the highest
honor in the gift of the Presbyterian
Church in Canada by Dr. Duval, pastor of the church in which the
Assembly met.
Much interest was taken in the discussion of the proposed union with
the Methodist and Congregational
churches, and the evident desire to
enter into the best possible relations
with the sister churches was remarkable in such a notably conservative
body.
On  July   1st Canada will  celebrate
her  41st   birthday     as     a   Federated
Union. This Dominion, judging from
her immediately past history, her vast
extent of habitable and arable land,
her exhaustless deposits of mineral,
her forests, which the forethought, of
the provincial houses is doing much
to protect, her fisheries exhaustless if
wisely regulated, her enegertic, morally healthy and God fearing people,
will be more than merely a land of
promise, for the thousands who are
entering her confines before the close
of the present century will be one of
the  great world powers.
The Federation known now as the
Dominion of Canada was first suggested in the year 1809 by R. J
Uniache, a legislator of Nova Scotia,
but was not realized until July 1st,
1867. Of the twenty-three fathers of
Federation five only are living.
Canada's first census (1665) gave a
population of 3,251. At Federation
her population was 3,500,000. At the
present time it is probably approaching the 7,000,000 mark, as it totalled
nearly 6,000,000 in 1903, or about 1.7
to the square mile. United States has
a population of 21 per square mile,
Great Britain 558.
The seven million residents of Canada are individually easily the
wealthiest people in the world today,
amounting as it does to $1,240 per
head, as against $1,050 in England,
and $875 in the United States. There
are in Can da very few excessively
wealthy individuals. The bulk of the
wealth of England and the United
States is represented by a few thousand families. In Canada 46 per cent,
of her population are engaged in
farming and of these 89 per cent, own
their holdings. When we learn that
Canada's trade has increased 92 per
cent, in ten years, figures that can
be paralleled by no other country in
the world, and that this immense increase arises chiefly from farming
industries, we have the gratifying inference that it is a nation of individuals and not a few families only
that are enjoying the wealth of the
country.
Canada has not yet had to face
the trying sociological and economic
problems of the other great nations
and probably never will so long as
our different governments continue to
recognize and encourage agricultural
pursuits.
Canada contains one-third of the
whole  British  Empire.
Canada is 8,500 miles from east to
west  and  1,400 from  north  to  south.
Canada's  wheat  yield   for  the  last
ten   years   averaged   t8   bushels   per
acre, the United States  13.
One hundred pounds of Canadian
flour makes more bread than the same
weight of any other flour imported
into Great Britain. The reason is
that Canada's western wheat contains
10 per cent, more abuminoids than
the  best  of  European varieties.
Canada is as large as 18 Germanys
or twenty Spains. British Columbia
is   the  largest  of the  provinces  and
NOAH'S ARK FOUND AGAIN.
They have found Noah's Ark again.
It  seems  to be  a  re-discovery of an
old tale of the Yukon. That district
appears anxious to hold on to its last
shred of connection with the Bible.
We don't blame it.    We all die hard.
FLYING MACHINES THAT FLY.
Near Ghent, England, Harry Far-
man travelled through the air for
nearly a mile, carrying two men on a
machine sustained by the purely mechanical principles of the aeroplane.
On the same day at Ronge, a Frenchman, Leon de La Grange, in a similar machine, accomplished a flight of
over seven miles in fifteen minutes.
A little earlier, in America, the
Wright    Brothers    accomplished    an
even more remarkable flight, but without official observers to check the
distance and time.
The fact that gasoline furnishes the
motive power of these machines is
thought by our local launch owners
to account for the disastrous endings
to some of these flights. The Wright
Brothers say it was an inadvertent
touch on the wrong lever which
smashed their machine on the ground.
The next day after his successful
flight, the Frenchman, in attempting
to repeat his performance before
Queen Margherite of Italy, fell from
a height of three hundred feet, and
was fortunate to escape with his life
We believe it all at Port Essington. We know the disposition of a
gasoline engine, at least the other
fellow's engine. It is near kin to the
mule.
NOT GUILTY.
The advent of the new era, and the
coming of strangers to Port Essington brings its anxieties. One of our
most urbane clerks in a leading Essington emporium realized it to the
full the other day.
An elderly lady, dresserd severely in
gray, and carrying what looked very
much like a bundle of tracts, approached the counter.
Our genial friend hastened to serve
her.
"What can I do for you, madam?"
She leaned toward him: "Have you
—er—any  little  vises?"   she  inquired.
He returned to consciousness next
morning under a pile of dry goods
boxes at the rear of the store, and
is now rapidly recovering his wanted
nerve.
Fish live in the ocean at a depth
of 18,000 feet.—Science Notes.
We believe it. At any rate some
of our local cannerymen say they sunk
ten dollars per fish getting down after
some of them this season. The particular variety was spring salmon.
Tnat is going pretty deep. Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
THE   STAR
INDIAN   CHIEFS   AT   OTTAWA.
Port  Essington  Natives at the Seat
of Government.
much in evidence is an impressive
object lesson in "keeping everlastingly at it."
BETTER SERVICE FOR QUEEN
CHARLOTTE   ISLANDS.
According to press despatches, a
deputation of British Columbia Indians, headed by the famous Joe Ca-
pilano, and including two of our fellow townsmen, Peter Nelson and
Aaron Bolton, also Joseph Bradley
and Henry Pierce, of Port Simpson,
and Charles Wesley of Kishpiax, arrived at Ottawa on the second of this
month. They were kindly received
by Hon. F. Oliver and Mr. Pedley
the next afternoon. On presenting
their grievances they were assured the
government would carefully consider
all their requests. Their timber rights
on their reservation the government
would assuredly protect. In regard
to extension of limits for fishing and
hunting, they were told that the question of provincial or federal control
of Indian lands in the province of
British Columbia would be decided by
the Privy Council.
Our Essington friends may be expected to return shortly, when we will
have a full report from their standpoint.
THE   D.   G.   S.   STEAMER   LIL-
LOOET IN THE NORTH.
Last Monday the steamer Lillooet,
for the Dominion hydrographic survey work, left Victoria for Prince Rupert, to commence her first year of
service in the waters of the coast.
She was built by the B. C. Marine
Railway Company at Esquimalt, and
is said to be one of the finest vessels
of her class in existence. She is 163
feet long, 27 feet beam and 11 feet
mean draught. On her recent trials,
with propellers which were installed
as something of an experiment, she
attained a speed of twelve knots.
Next year she is to be fitted with especially designed bronze propellers,
when it is thought she will do much
better.
The officers  of the Lillooet are:
Capt. P. H. Musgrave, in command.
Capt. F. H. Griffiths, sailing master.
T. W. Allan, chief engineer.
A. Borrowman, second engineer.
Survey staff under Capt. Musgrave
—H. D. Parizeau, first assistant; L.
P. Davies, second assistant; Mr. Cowley,  third  assistant.
The total company and crew numbers forty men.
NEW ABBATOIR FOR P. BURNS
& CO.
Mr. H. J. Harris, local representative of P. Burns & Co., who have
contracted to supply the meat for the
railroad construction camps on the
river, is building extensive enlargements to No. 2 wharf. He is extending the piling at the east side to
make room for the large stock sheds
and abbatoir necessary to meet their
requirements, and for a dwelling for
the workmen connected with it. The
old slaughter house is to be torn
down to make room for the more
commodious building. The steady
thump,  thump of. the pile driver  so
THE  INGENICA  GOLD  FIELDS.
Conditions    Difficult—Average    Run
Eight Cents to Pan.
A. E. Johnson, who claims to have
been the first man to visit the In-
genica gold fields, in a recent interview    reported   conditions    there   as
somewhat discouraging to those who
have imagined it to be another Klon-
dyke. Gold there certainly is, for he
had samples obtained two feet below
the surface. He had two dollars'
worth of coarse gold which represented three pans, but usually the
pans ran only seven or eight cents
each.
Mr. Johnson says he has no doubt
that there is gold to be found, and in
large quantity, yet the conditions are
very difficult. At four feet depth
water is invariably encountered, and
the shafts are filled. Nobody has ever
been down to bedrock. Drainage is
difficult in the flat country, and the
only solution to the problem seems
to be expensive pumping machinery
and large workings requiring considerable capital.
It is thought the bench claims may
offer more favorable conditions.
THE  BLOCKADE AT  OTTAWA.
We are just now being treated to
one of those scenes in the Ottawa
house that seems to give point to the
cry for a better system. The Government claims they are being deliberately and maliciously hindered in
the transaction of business, and notably in the adoption of estimates of
current expenses, by an Opposition
which has no other object than to
put such difficulties in the way of
legislation as will effect the country
adversely to government interests in
the coming general election. The Opposition calims that there is great
need of investigation, and that the
Government is responsible for the delay through their imbecility, or worse.
An unprejudiced view is that it is a
most humiliating exhibition of the
pettiness to which either party of the
system may descend for selfish ends
in the absence of great questions to
stir the torpid liver of the electorate.
The public funds are being rapidly
depleted by the heavy expense entailed by every day's delay; public
enterprises are held at a standstill for
want of the necessary funds; public
servants are being humiliated by delays in salary grants; and, worst of
all, the public conscience is being demoralized by this unworthy and irresponsible "jockeying for position" in
the coming contest.
A Swiss hotel prospectus says:
"Weissbach is the favorite place of
resort for those who are fond of solitude. Persons in search of solitude
are, in fact, constantly flocking here
from the four quarters of the globe."
The steamer Amur now calls at
points on Queen Charlotte Islands
twice each trip, touching the Islands
before calling at Port Essington on
her northward trip, and again after
leaving the Skeena homeward bound.
This is a great advantage to business
interests on the islands for both mail
and   transportation.
The islands are keeping pace well
with the rapid advance of this northern country. Important mineral discoveries are constantly being made,
and ranching and farming land is being rapidly taken up. Hotel accommodation is now provided at both
Jedway and Skidegate, and a third
hotel is being erected at the site of
the proposed Queen Charlotte City
at the mouth of the Humah River.
Another saw-mill has also recently
been erected some four miles above
Skidegate  at   Gangwai   Island.
Mr. R. H. Cole of Port Simpson,
has recently visited the islands. He
was much pleased with what he saw
and purchased a ranch in Sand Spit,
near Skidegate, where he purposes
taking his family in a few weeks.
POLICE COURT JOTTINGS.
On June 2nd Capt. "Jack" Larsen
was placed under the protection of
the "Habitual Drunkard's Act." "Jack"
is a capable ship master. May his
dry spell not end with June 2nd, 1909.
Wm. Lynn, June 4th, was fined $10
for drunkenness.
June 10th Geo. McArthur was fined
$10 and costs and also placed under
the "Habitual Drunkard's Act."
June nth John A. Johnson, charged
with drunkenness, resenting arrest
and assaulting an officer while in the
discharge of his duty, was fined $50
plus $12 costs.
Why do not our policemen wear
some distinctive dress?
His Conclusion.
The Friend (to erratic driven who
has lost his way)—We had better go
straight on, I think; we must have
been up that road before.
The Erratic Driver—What makes
you think that?
The Friend—Those men up there;
they look as if they're burying something—Illustrated  Mail.
A Point Overlooked.
"What is the advantage of knowing
Esperanto?"
"Why, whn you meet another fellow who knows it you can talk to
each other."
"That's so. But it seems almost as
true of any other language, doesn't
it?"
This was a point that the enthusiast had overlooked —- Philadelphia
Ledger. 4
THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
XLhc Star
is  published  fortnightly  at
PORT   ESSINGTON, B.C.,
in   the   Commercial,   Social.   Literary
and Moral interests of the
SKEENA RIVER DISTRICT,
By B. C. FREEMAN and Friends.
Subscription Price, $1.75 a year.
Strictly in advance.
Advertising Rates.
Prospecting, timber and land notices,
$5.00   per   month.
Legal notices, 10 cents per line.
Reading notices, 25 cents per line.
Address all communications to
THE STAR,
Box 15        -        Port Essington, B.C.
Printed  by   Thos.   R.   Cusack,  Victoria.
THE STAR.
"What's in a name?"
Yet we will venture something there
are some names you would rather
not be called, and the alternative is
to select a name for yourself. We
have chosen "The  Star."
Why not? The "Sun" has evidently
set. Some say it sat on a number of
us.    And  what  next  but
"Sunset, and evening star?"
Then the name has plain advantages. The "Sun" by its very name
cut- out some pretty serious work for
itself. If it shows at all it must
shine. It must be pre-eminent. It
undertakes to enlighten the world.
And it ought to have been permanent.
Alas, that "ought  to have been!"
But a star does not take itself so
seriously. It is only one of many.
And it does not have to shine: it may
just twinkle. It may even be of
second, or third, or fourth magnitude.
Do not misunderstand this. It is
not self-depreciation. It is just that
rare quality, modesty. We will not
give you much of it at first until you
gradually become used to it. We are
not consciously incapable, but just
naturally modest.   That is all.
OUR PREMIUM.
It is at least, not customary for an
unpretentious local paper to offer a
premium at its first issue. It is even
more unusual for any publication to
offer such exceptional value for the
money the STAR now proposes for a
premium.
The subscription price for the
STAR is $175 per annum. We will
not say much about that. If you
did the work which is entailed, you
would think it was worth $1.75 a
year. If you are interested in the
town and district you will think it
is worth it. Even if you do not like
the paper, you will want to read it
to know what it is saying, or not
saying, about you or others.
BUT
For 25 cents more, that is, for $2.00
per annum—the amount you paid for
the "Sun" for about seven months,
less than half the rate you would pay
for the Empire—we offer you the
STAR for one year.
AND
THE HOME JOURNAL, a splendid  home  magazine  of  the  size  and
style of the well known Ladies' Home
Journal.    A   glance  at  the  specimen
June   number  will  more  than  satisfy
you.    It has big pages,  10^2  by  15^2
inches,  neatly  printed  on   fine   book
paper, and profusely illustrated.   This
number  specializes  in  marriage   customs   and   wedding  topics.     On   the
front there is a fine cut nine inches
long   of   a   Jerusalem   bride,   photographed from life and printed in tint.
A  page of wedding suggestions  has
cuts from photographs of interior decorations for church and home weddings, giving point to a very explicit
article of suggestions.    An article on
Marriage  Customs  in  the  Orient on
the opposite page has two artistic and
interesting   illustrations    of   oriental
customs.    A page for the Home Literary  Club,  and  a  short  story  page
opposite   furnish   variety   of   interest.
Engineer   McGrath's   Dream,   a   continued story,  seems  like  a prophecy
of the line across the river.    On the
opposite page is a story with an illustration  that  in   a  striking  particular
might seem to have local color. Then
there     is     Mendelssohn's     Wedding
March, and  more  marriage  customs.
Two  pages  of fashions  is  an  indis-
pensible    feature,    with    a    page    of
Household Hints and another of Culinary Conceits.    The July number is
to   be   especially   for   the   west.     In
short,  it  is  a  first  class,  high  class,
clean, clever magazine, which we offer as a premium  for only 25  cents
for  twelve numbers.
For $2.00 you support your local
paper and receive a magazine well
worth  the  whole  sum.
ONE WORD MORE.
Because of the past history of
newspaper ventures at Port Essington
it may be well to say a word about
the prospects of continuing throughout the year. We mean to do so, but
should we fail to be able through
financial or other stress, we solemnly
promise to refund the proportion of
the subscription price unexpired.
We earnestly solicit, and expect, the
sympathetic and hearty support of the
constituency.
WHITNEY SUSTAINED.
Ontario has gone more strongly
Conservative than ever.
The Toronto Star, a Liberal paper,
is   quoted   as   saying:
"Such a following as Ontario has
given to Whitney should strengthen
his determination to conduct his government in accordance with the
highest interest of the province. His
personal responsibility is still further
increased by yesterday's expression of
confidence. His party contains its
baser elements which must be kept
under, control.    Selfishness and greed
beleaguered every government. Let
us hope he will justify his own description of himself, by being bold
enough to be honest and honest
enough to be bold.
THE  PARTY  SYSTEM.
Dr. Goldwin Smith has again been
dreaming of the Golden Age in politics when the party system will be
abolished. He is old enough to
"dream dreams," and wise enough to
make those dreams extremely interesting; but whether they are practicable under present conditions is another question. We can all see the
evils of the system, but doubt if they
constitute such a menace as some
would have us think. At any rate, we
can see nothing better yet. Nations,
like individuals, under the stimulus of
a great crisis, may rise above the pettiness of everyday life to meet it.
his is the test of the nation's vitality,
coming, perhaps, only once in a lifetime, and may Providence help the
nation who cannot so rise to such
an occasion, for she cannot help herself. A recent example of such failure
was Russia, where the incubus of a
corrupt aristocracy kept her from rising to meet the crisis of the conflict
with  Japan.
But our pride in Canada is her
essential vitality. Let any great crisis
arise, great with either calamities or
favorable import, and party divisions
will vanish like smoke into air, and
the nation will stand as a unit to
meet it. If it be not so, then "a long
farewell  to all  our greatness."
The position of this paper as independent does not mean antagonism to
the party system, but that we choose
to retain our independence from any
party halter, and maintain our liberty
to treat questions on their merit as
they may arise independent of party
dictatorship.
BOARD OF TRADE FOR PORT
ESSINGTON.
That Port Essington is to have a
Board of Trade is now an assured
fact. After many public meetings and
much discussion, the citizens finally
decided that a board of trade would
be of much benefit to the city, as well
as to the Skeena District, for which
it is to be established. Thirty local
citizens, merchants and tradesmen
have signed a petition for a charter
which has been sent in through the
secretary,  Mr. S. A.  Morley.
The object of this organization is
to advertise and promote the Skeena
River interests, to affiliate with other
Boards of Trade, and to have some
reliable source of information to
answer the many inquiries which art
being made in regard to this country, also to take up matters of local
interest, such as drainage, lighting,
sidewalks, and to secure appropriations from the government for fire
protection, or any other object which
may be deemed advisable or necessary.
This is a matter which should be
of personal interest to every citizen
of Port Essington, as well as of the
Skeena River District.    The town is Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
THE   STAR
8
to   be   congratulated   on  this   step   it
has taken in the  right  direction.
A   SERIOUS   COMPLAINT.
I
Numerous complaints are being
heard around town from the workmen employed in the several construction camps near here over the
method of paying wages. The men
are given Hime cheques which are not
negotiable and it is necessary for them
to present them personally at the office of the contractors at Prince Rupert for payment. This works a great
hardship on the men as in some cases
the amounts of the cheques would
not defray the cost of the trip to
Prince Rupert.
This is not only an injustice to the
men employed, but it is an inexcusable effort to divert trade from its
legitimate channels at Port Essington
to distant Prince Rupert for the advantage of those who have these men
in their power.
There is a remedy for this and the
quicker it is applied the better.
ANOTHER "BREAK."
This time it was the mammoth
"Mauretania." She first broke some
superfluous propellers, and, freed from
these incumbrances, she broke her
own world record, averaging from
noon of May 30th to noon of the next
day 25.5 knots per hour. That is an
average of 30 miles per hour in mid-
Atlantic, and the end is not yet.
Incidentally, she also broke some
old engineering axioms regarding effective application of power. Em-
perical rules must break under the
new conditions of high speed and undreamed-of power.
AROUND TOWN.
What's the matter with the tennis
club? Some time ago there was talk
of an entertainment to raise money to
fit up the grounds. Some suggest repairing and leasing the old grounds.
There is abundance of good material
for such an entertainment going to
waste for want of some one to take
the lead.    Something should be done.
* *    *
The run of spring salmon was
rather better last week, but the catch
is much smaller than last year's.
Sockeye season was duly opened on
the 15th by a large increase of the
fishing fleet. Some of the canneries
are still short of fishermen. Inverness expects to start  next week.
* *    *
Messrs. Harstone, Tupper and Logan gave a dance in the Queen's dining hall before going up the river.
Cameron's    orchestra    provided    the
music.
* *    *
Messrs. S. Eby and C. Edwards
were hosts at a social evening, Friday 12th, at the Caledonia Hotel.
Dancing was the feature of the evening.
* *    *
One of the characteristic features of
Essington social life is a bachelors'
bridge club that meets once a week.
NORTH  COAST  BRAND
CEYLONTEA
Is blended from the best stock we can buy.
50 cents per pound.
MOCHA AND JAVA COFFEE
A combination of Arabian Mocha  and Old Government Java
that will please the most particular taste.
45 cents per pound.
The North Coast Commercial Company
PORT   ESSINGTON.
A correspondent suggests that some
interesting items might frequently be
found there.
* *    *
Steamboat service on the river is
again practically tied up owing to the
very high water at the canyon. Twice
the Port Simpson has attempted to
reach the canyon and failed, being
unable to get through Little Canyon,
some distance below the main gorge.
* *    *
Six bake shops are now displaying
wares on Dufferin street. None can
deny that Essingtonians are well
bre(a)d.
But there is no excuse for the bake-
shops and fruit stands being open on
Sunday. Public feeling at Port Essington is not hysterically sensitive,
but there is a decided public sentiment against this.    We do not refer
to legitimate restaurant business.
* *    *
The fleet of gasoline launches and
tugs making Essington headquarters
is large and constantly increasing.
One of the fastest is the "Meteor,"
belonging to Dr. Kergin, M.L.A.
The tugs and passenger launches
are kept constantly busy plying between Essington and the construction
camps  along  the  river.
Commodore Wiggins O'Neill, owner
and manager of the "Heart" line,
makes regular trips in his launch,
"Strongheart," to and from Essington
and the camps.    We are  glad to see
his enterprise meeting such success.
* *    *
There is much need of addition to
the Post Olhee staff. The quantity of
matter passing through the office has
greatly increased with the awakening
in the north, and the volume of work
involved in distributing the up-river
as well as local mail is too much for
one man to handle.
* *    *
Mr. O. A. Ragstad is the man who
keeps us on time. He has put in a
new show window in his jewellery
shop which is a decided improvement. A line of handsome cut glassware  which   he  has  recently  put  in
stock   is   a   new   departure   and   well
worth inspection.
* *    *
Rev. W. H. Pierce is staying at the
Methodist Mission, awaiting the reopening of navigation up the river to
permit him to return to his home at
Kishpiax. He preached in the Methodist church last Sunday evening.
* *    *
Mr. Gideon Hicks of Hicks & Lo-
vick Piano Co., Victoria, expects to
visit the northern coast early in July.
The musical treat he gave us two
years ago is still fresh in our memories. This time Mrs. Hicks, who
is a professional elocutionist, as well
as a fine soloist, will accompany him.
He is also bringing with him a splendid Pianola piano. So we consider
ourselves fortunate in having been
able to arrange with him for another
concert here in the course of his trip.
We know he will be given an enthusiastic welcome, and we believe the
town will enjoy the greatest musical
treat which has ever been given here.
Due notice will be given of definite
dates   shortly.
KEEP A-GOIN'.
If you strike a thorn or rose,
Keep a-goin'!
If it hails or if it snows,
Keep a-goin'!
'Taint  no  use  to  sit and whine
When the fish ain't on your line;
Bait your hook and keep on tryin'—
Keep a-goin'!
When  the  weather kills your crop,
Keep a-goin'!
When you tumble from the top,
Keep a-goin'!
S'pose you're out o' every dime?
Gettin' broke ain't any crime;
Tell the world you're feelin' prime!
Keep a-goin'!
When it looks like all is up,
Keep a-goin'!
Drain the sweetness from the cup,
See the wild birds on the wing!
Hear the bells that sweetly ring!
When you feel like singin'—sing!
Keep a-goin'!
—Atlanta Constitution. 6
THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat, June 20.
Methodist Church, Port Essington.
REV, B. 6. FREEMAN, Pastor.
Sunday Services,—11 a. m.—English and Tsimshean.
7 p. m.—Evangelistic Service.
2 p. m —Sunday School, English Classes.
Week Day Services.—7:30 p. m.—Tuesdays and Fridays.
Strangers Heartily Welcomed.
St. John's Church
Anglican
Services 11 a.m. and 7 p. m.   Sunday School 2 p. m.
Strangers Cordially Welcomed.
DON'T MISS IT
The Hicks Concert
IN THE METHODIST CHURCH
Mr. and Mrs. Hicks are soloists of unusual merit.    Mrs. Hicks is a professional
elocutionist also.   Special pianola accompaniment.
THE   BEST  YET
Secure tickets early from Star Office, as space is limited. Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
THE   STAR
ELECTRIFYING ITALY.
BARS ON THE RIVER.
The therapeutical value of electricity has long been recognized in the
treatment of individuals. It is now
being realized as an equally stimulating national tonic in Italy. "Italy/'
says the Wall Street Journal, "which
less than twenty-five years ago found
herself in the throes of industrial
bankruptcy, is coming to the front in
a way that promises well for the
future." The want of coal has, in the
past, been a crippling restriction to
both manufacture and transportation.
She is now overcoming this difficulty
by turning her water powers into electrical energy. One thousand miles of
of new railway is under contemplation, connecting by double track half
a dozen of the leading cities of the
peninsula. The government is directing this in such a way as to insure
the development of natural resources,
and the bringing of backward districts
of good industrial possibilities into
connection with adequate markets.
This is made possible by modern
hydro-electric power, and made practicable by the government controlling
and directing the railroad corporations for the benefit of the nation.
In short, the dog is wagging the tail,
instead of, as in some countries nearer
home, the tail wagging the dog.
ECONOMY OR PUBLIC CONVENIENCE .
Sir Thos. Shaughnessy has spoken
again, and that settles it.
Perhaps.
In discussing the proposed "All Red
Route" in a recent press interview he
explains why it would be a mistake
to inaugurate a faster service on the
Atlantic than 21 knots, and on the Pacific 18 knots, at the present juncture.
He says the initial and operating expense of 24 to 25-knot boats is too
great.
We have had that problem worked
out on this coast. The initial and op-
perating expense of the old Barbara
Boscowitz, in the good old days of
Chinese Stewart and three-inch tallow dips, had much to commend it to
Captain Williams, but increasing traffic brought competition which settled
the matter on other lines in a very
short time. Notwithstanding the progress of socialistic principles, there is
much good in some lines in the competitive system, before which such
magnates as even Sir Thomas must
bow at the behest of the public. Even
under the present order, "the cheapest" is not always compatable with
public demand. It is also interesting
to note that under the old economical
conditions of Chinese factotum, tallow candles, one-course-salt-junk
meals, and six knots per hour, with
frequent all-night anchorages, transportation rates were nearly the same
as we pay now for electric light,
plush carpet, clean-sheet, hotel-menu,
12-knots - per - hour accommodation.
There is a moral in this somewhere,
and the weight of it is not altogether
against the competitive system. Nothing is so bad but some good may
come out of it.
From the standpoint of a purely
business proposition, the Hudson Bay
Co. is to be congratulated on their
withdrawal of all the bars from their
river boats. We all know the dangers of Skeena navigation, and we had
some terrible examples last year of
the hazards run by the river boats
under even the best conditions. We
think it has appealed to the business
sense of the Company, and ought to
appeal to the travelling public, who
risk their lives where the company
risks only dollars and cents.
SMALL FIRE  LOSSES.
The question is often asked: "How
do you succeed in keeping down the
fire losses?" We answer, in many
ways. In the first place, we endeavour
to prevent fires in every possible way.
Inspections, investigations, constant
vigilance, careful attention to our duties, and to the manner in which others
carry theirs out. It is not necessary
to sit around the fire hall—or some
other place—and wait for the fire
alarm to sound. We are not paid for
doing that, even if we have the inclination. Then we take notice of
trifles. A small match can kindle a
large fire. The little ash-heap in the
corner might contain a spark. The
hydrant might be frozen, and no water to use at the start of a fire. A cistern that is not attended to might
leak. There are a thousand and one
ways to prevent fires. But one will
say: "You are fortunate." True. Regulate things as we may, and fires
are likely to occur; but fires are preventive, every one of them. There
can be no effect without a cause, and
a fire must have some reason to start.
We have attended fires and alarms—
thousands of them—and we have
found carelessness, on the part of
someone, responsible for a large majority. Then we have the avaricious
man—ready to burn for insurance.
How prevent him? Let the would-be
incendiary understand that you will
probe to the bottom the reasons of
all suspicious fires. Yet, you will say,
in spite of inspections and investigations, still fires occur. True again.
Then have your fire department in
shape to meet them. Here again even
trifles cut a figure. Every little thing
in a fire department requires constant
attention. When forty lengths of hose
burst, at a recent New York fire, no
one appeared to know that every one
of the forty lengths had defects. A
broken snap on one of the sets of
harness, might mean the upsetting of
the apparatus, and no response to an
alarm. We believed, and will always
believe, that no fire department
should take chances on anything. We
know not when the fire alarm will
come to us, and must be always ready.
In rushing to a fire, and entering blaz
ing buildings, the firemen must accept
a certain risk; but it is not necessary
to "let things go when we can put
them in shape." We have succeeded
for the past sixteen years, through
doing our whole duty, and expecting
others to do the same. Do we ever
consider, no matter how small our
cities and towns, that it is advantageous to "duplicate" everything in use,
wherever possible? In our city we
have the Bell Alarm and a Whistle
Alarm also; the Gamewell fire alarm
system and the telephone; the combined Hose Waggon and Truck and
the combined Chemical Engine and
Hose Waggon. We have two sources
of water supply and more hydrants
than any city of the size in Canada.
There is no use in waiting until a
place is in smoking ruins before placing in front of the ratepayers their
needs. It is better to provide protection, and retain what we have, than
to see the city swept from end to end
and every dollar irretrievably lost.
Any person would consider a merchant fit for the lunatic asylum, if he
dumped his goods into the sewer.
Then why look upon a fire loss as
anything but a "waste" of property?
Fires we may have. It is possible
that the best regulated city "may"
burn, some day; but we can assure
our readers that "constant vigilance is
the price of safety," and the fire departments of our cities and towns are
the places where 'vigilance" is required more than in . any other place.
When people imagine that any man
is capable of manging a fire department, or that any body of men understand the manner of preventing, suppressing and extinguishing fire, they
make the mistakes of their lives.
Adopted  Humor.
Miss Gusch—He's so awfully witty;
he makes so many original remarks.
Don't you think so?
Mr. Knox—No.
Miss  Gusch—-You don't?    Why?
Mr. Knox—Probably it's because I
subscribe to the same comic paper
that he reads.—Philadelphia Press.
Peculiar to Itself.
"I suppose there is a certain fascination that keeps you in the racing
game?"
"Yes," admitted the bookmaker,
"there is. I've tried hardware,
clothing, groceries, and shoes, but
I've never struck another line where
people simply struggle to hand you
their coin."
It is found that "nobody is to
blame" for burning up 170 school
children at Collingwood. It was merely a case of the usual fire-trap, sanctioned by usage. 8
THE   STAR
Port Essington, B.C., Sat., June 20.
R. CUNNINGHAM & SON, LTD.
Mining Supplies
Camping
Supplies
Hardware
Stoves and
Furnishings
The Leading
Big General
Store
Provisions and
Groceries
Dry Goods
Gents'
Furnishings
Boots & Shoes
63
Large and Complete Stocks
at the Very Best Prices.
Port  Essington and Hazel ton, B. D.
LUriBER AND SHINGLES
Mills and Office at Port Essington, B. C.
McKenzie & Jackson
GROCERIES
CLOTHING
LADIES' and GENTS'
FURNISHINGS.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Patent Medicines, Stationery,
Fancy Goods, Magazines and
Books.
Suits made to order.
Skirts made to order.
Agents for the W. E. Sanford
Manufacturing Company Sovereign
Brand Clothing.
Stores opposite Royal Bank,
Dufferin street.
The Wilson Drug Co.
CHEMISTS and DRUGGISTS
Dealers in
Pure Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals,
Books, Stationery, Toilet
Articles, Etc.
Mail Orders receive prompt and careful
attention.
COTTER'S   GRILL.
ESSINGTON HOTEL
Meals at all hours.
Regular Meals      -      35 Cents
SHORT ORDERS
00<H>0<>0000000000<H>00<>00000
Warner
LUNCH ROOM
Port Essington.
First Short Order Restaurant in
Northern B. 0.
OPEN DAY AND NIGHT
Private Boxes for Parties
0<XH>CK>00<>00<K>0<><K><><>00<KK>0<>
000<>0<>0<K>0000<K>0<>0<><>0<>OC<>0
0. A. RAQSTAD
Watchmaker and
Jeweller
Watch Repairing a Specialty
A good line of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Silverware and Cut Glass.
Dufferin St.,    Port Essington.
oooooooooooooooooooooooooo
Capital paid up, $3,900,000.
Reserve Fund, $4,390,000.
The Royal Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE, MONTREAL, QUE.
Total Assets, $46,800,000.   Nineteen Branches in British Columbia.
Savings Bank Department in which deposits of $1 and upwards are
accepted and interest added quarterly, operated at all branches.
We sell Money Orders, payable at any Chartered Bank in Canada.
PORT ESSINGTON BRANCH
S. A. MORLEY, Manager.
£<><><><><><>000<K>0<>0<X>0<>0<><>0<>0<>^^
MORROW & FRIZZELL
BUTCHERS, PROISVION AND FRUIT DEALERS
PORT ESSINGTON,        -        British Columbia
*0<>0<>0*>0<><>0<>000<><>0<>OK>00<^
Hicks & Lovick Piano Co. Ltd.
1204 Douglas St., Victoria
We want you to write ub for information regarding Pianos.
We can quote you Low Prices.
(
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