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Surrey Times 1895-09-06

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Surrey  Times.
gsssrai ^
lr* "fp 0 i80>
*SgggM.,B. 6*
No. 23.
Vol. 1.
agent for the celebrated
Raymond Sewing Machines
and in future will carry a stuck oi Uie Lates Styles of Machines, also
Needles, Oil, &c, ivo.     Prices arc so low and terms so easy that
it will not pay you to lie without one.
Every Machine  Guaranteed.
still selling
Stoves at Cost.
Hardware, 1'iilnls & Oils, Tinware, (li-unltoware, etc.
A. GODFREY, New Westminster, B.O.
Parnell & Gunn,
The Westminster Grocers
and Feed Merchants.
Habvebt is over in this part of
the district.	
Tiik Feasor bridge business is exceedingly Hut these times.
Si'iiiiny Timks till the oml of the
year for 25 cents cash in advance.
Mu. J. Babtom is building n
burn on his property just south of
MONDAY lust was Labor Day,
nnd a legal holiday, The harvesting proceeded as usual.
Tiikiik will be a special anniversary service in tlie Methodist
Church on Sunday next.
Rain, rain, beautiful rain I Tho
beautiful snow can be dispensed
with, but rain is au essential.
Tiik Surrey exhibition draws
closo, Two weeks from next Wednesday and It will bo with us.
Tiik Oddfellows of Cloverdale
will bold thoir annual ball this
evening, Sept. litli, in the!" hull
hero. A large attendance is anticipated, 	
Mas. (imi. Cami'Iiki.i, went to
Vancouver on Tuesday, ns delegate
to the Sunday School Convention,
which is sitting in the termlnial
city tliis week.
A FEW trout are being taken in
the streams here, but tlie usual full
run seems to be late. The first
freshet will no doubt bring them
up from the sea in abundance.
Call  and  see them, and Save Money
when  in Town.
§#* Opposite C. P. R. Station; 807 Columbia St., Westminster, B. C
Wm. Johnston,
in all grades of
Sole agent for the celebrated
English "K" Boot.
OUT   OK   81UBT.
N.Mr Westrhlnster, B. C.
Rough & Dressed Lumber,
Latbi BhlltflM. M'-iiMim--*, l'lnln nml Faucr Picket*. Poors, Window, Framci, Hllndfi, Turned
Wiirit, e'"., ind nil kiiitl-t of Interior FlnUb. I'lnin nii'i Curved Mtuitols, siore tint* Ottlce
PjttlU.il.   Fruit fi.ii'1 g'llmon lloxcr. NvMlnnts, Ac.   Importcri nf I'lnte, Fancy and Common
Window OlUft
, Yard* ii::j Vt'nrehoftioi, Columbia Strdot Weit.'
R. JARDINE. Local Manager.
Choice  Groceries,
And General Merchandise,
MAJft STREET, CLOVERDALE, (Corner McLlellan Road);
■joods all  fresh and of the choicest quality;   New stock constantly
Hrriving.   Prices down to lowest notch, nn thb basis of "small profits
and quick returns."   W^ dive us a trial.
Cloverdale Blacksmith Shop.
I'rnotltnl Blacksmith, does light and heuvy. blucksmithing of ail kinds
bn sl#rt notice and at moderate rates.. Horseshoeing a specialty.
Main street,   •   cloverdale.
We have received a copy of the
Richmond Agricultural Society's
prize list for 1895. The annual
exhibition will be held at Steveston on Friday and Saturday, Sept.
13th and 14th.
Faldino, the defaulting Supreme
Court Registrar of Westminster,
who left for parts unknown on
August 23rd, was arrested at Spokane on Monday. Hb will be
brought buck to Westminster.
The last week has brought a
change of weather. On Monday
and Tuesday there was a light fall
of rain, but it has now cleared
again, though there is a coolness
in the air that reminds one of approaching autumn.
Rev. Mr. Habdwick and Mrs
Hardwick, of Langley, were visiting yesterday at Cloverdale, the
guests of Mr. and Mrs. Bowell.
Mrs. Hall, wife of Rev. J. W.
Hall, of Westminster! was also a
guest at the parsonage.
President Moggridge lias balled a meeting of the Directors of
Surrey Agricultural Association, to
convene at the Starr Hotel, Cloverdale, on Monday next, 9th inst., at
2 p. m. . The officers are requested
to attend without further notice.
Mr. Jas. McDonald-, of Chilli
wack, was in Cloverdale on Wed
nesday, investigating the prospect
of opening a blacksmith shop here.
There might to be room for two
shops at Cloverdale, considering
the district to be served, and it is a
fact that two in a line of business
will draw trade while one will not.
The Chilliwack Progress says:
J. J. and, Robert Kerr have commenced the erection Of a cream'ery
on J. J.'o property in town. This
new enterprise will be conducted
by the above gentlemen, who will
pay cash for thb cream when delivered. They will emplby an expert butter maker, who will commence operations about the 1st of
November. Robert goes east shortly to inspect some of the best
creameries in Ontario-, and to purchase the most improved machinery
Winnipeg, Sept. 8,—An Ottawa
dispatch says Hon. Mr. Patterson
has beeh sworn In as Lieutenant-
Governor of Manitoba. Tlie news
excited hut little comment here, as
it has been remarked as settled
that Sir John Schultz would be replaced by Mr Patterson after September 1st. There ii! much speculation as regards Sir John's future
course. Many say he is to receive
a Seriutorship, while others look
upon him as the next Conservative
candidatb for Lisgar. The under-
| "binding is lie is to get something.
While Mr. Patterson's appointment
Is not popular; Winnipeggers will
make no public protestation, it
apparently being the rule to appoint easterners to high positions
here, ex-Governor Schultz being
the only exception:
Items From Tinehead,
Prom an OouuBlniml Ci>rruR|>ouilunt.
Messrs. Inglis and Davis, the
acting trustees of Serpentine
school district aro to be congratulated upon securing a first
class teacher for the school for the
cm-rent year. Mr. Fraser, the
late teacher, whose services had
been highly acceptable to the district, could not bo re-engaged for
another term, be having accepted
a position witli a larger salary
from tlie Vancouver school board.
In country school districts it occasionally happens that one
obstreperous trustee may cause
some friction, more or loss acute,
in tlie whole district, of which Serpentine experienced a brief period
last your, happily soon ended by
tlie retirement of the somewhat
factious representative to tlie refreshing coolness of a socllro and
commodious cellar.
Mr. D. M. Robertson, one of our
most enterprising settlers, shot a
fine bear a short timo ago. Tlie
dressed head makes a fine trophy.
Mr. Peter Anderson has commenced tho construction of a fine
house. Tlie building will bo a
handsome one well finished
The crops in this settlement are
turning out well, and we rejoice
in a bountiful harvest. The acreage
is much larger than heretofore.
A well has been put down on the
Serpentine school grounds) and the
pupils have now an abundant
supply of splendid water. A
peculiarity of the well was noticed
in the digging. It would be found
partly filled with earth some mornings, although the Bides showed no
evidence of having caved in. It
must have caved up from the
 ,   a   ,
Langley Township,
Correspondence subiikv Timkb.
About three miles from the town,
reached by a pleasant path through
the woodsj there is situated the
residence of one of our most improving and enterprising settlers,
R. Balfour Esq., of Beaver Park
farm, who hus invested a large sum
in buildings and making clearings
and improvements which are
wOrthy of notice, as being in advance of most of those which have
been undertaken by others in the
Municipality. The dwelling house
is a Commodious and picturesque
erection with ornamental gables,
spacious verandahs and bay windows) two stories in height with
basement availuble for storage and
other purposes. The rooihS) eight
in number) with closets and modern
appliances for domestic convenience
are well proportioned and comfortably appointed; The heating
is effectively secured by hot air
pipes distributed through the
building) and hot and cold water
are provided for use in the kitchen
and in the upper flats. The sanitary arrangements are also complete) the drainage being secured
by a perfect system bf flushing so
as to remove the sewage to a considerable distance from the premises. The water supply is complete at high pressure) and is stored in a largo tank of 1,000 gallons
capacity convenient to thb house,
standing on a substantial platform
ovbr 40 feet in height. A windmill bf the type seen on the C. P,
R., is erected about a quarter of a
mile from the tank over a natural
spring from which the water is
pumped into the reservoir. Thus
a supply Of tho purest water is
constantly available for domestic
and farm purposes. The farm
consists of the usual settler's area,
namely 160 acres of which about
80 have been cleared during the
short period of about 3 years. These
have been utilized bv the planting
of about 400 fruit trees, of which,
200 are the highly praised Idaho
pear, the remainder being chiefly
apple trees. It is the intention of
Sir. Bulfour to plant between jSOOO
and 4)000 more fruit trees on his
property, which he has in readiness
in his nursery. These arc of the
most Suitable kinds he could procure, as his aim is tocultivate only
the best in orchard and farm that
are obtainable. His live stock, although few at present; are of the
| highest breeds and among them
may be noticed two Jerseys which
i lie states produce 2 lbs. of butter
! per dny each, when the pasturage
is prime. Of fowl he has specimens
of Pekln ducks and Plynlotith Rock
chickens, which if exhibited at tlie
, shows would be likely to take a
[high prize. His farm' buildings
I are well constructed and of ample
: capacity for tlie purposes for winch
they were designed. The large
bam 00 feet by 60 feet will store
40 tons of hay and afford besides
ample stabling and byrcugo for
horse, and cattle.   His workshop
is situated convenient to his residence and bus the requisite plant
for doing such necessary repairs us
are required in the business of the
farm, Tbe drainage done on tlie
tho land should also be mentioned.
Alreudy in the arable portion about
30 acres havo been thoroughly under-drained, and of the romainder
the main drains huve been formed
und ure in operation. Tlie minor
drains arc on an average 30 feet
apart and are 2 feet wide and 3
feet deep. Tlie mains are 6 feet
deep und -I feet wide and uro constructed and covered in ou the
same plan us tlio minors, the
planking being 6 to 8 inches thick.
Stumping and grubbing the land
is going on daily, u capstan witli u
wire calilo being the chief power
implement employed. The method
of treating the reclaimed land used
by Mr. Balfour is to prepare and
sow it with clover and grain, the
object being to fertilize the earth
with nitrogenous matter, the roots
of the cloVer acting as an agent to
this end. In tlie matter of wheat
culture, Mr. Balfour has imported
the seed of the hard variety from
Edmonton, and has this year successfully grown fine specimens of
the Red Fife, and he contends
that hurd wheat may be grown
here in perfection provided the
seed is imported and not grown
from seed raised in this locution,
ub the moist climate hus u softening effect on tho gruin.
Other purticulurs of interest reserved for u future notice, not tn
encrouch upon your valued space.
Surrey Council.
Council met in Town Hull, Surrey Centre, on Saturday) Aug. 31,
at 1 p. m., all the members present.
Minutes of previous meeting were
read and confirmed.
Communications wero read from
the following;
Depart ment of Finance, enclosing
cheques for $79(1 und $800, boing
grants from the Government for
trunk roads,
Wm. D. Johnson, calling attention to Clover Valley road ditch
being filled by J. Park's cuttle.—
The Clerk wus authorized to notify
Mr. Parks to repair damages to tlie
ditcli liefore next Council meeting
or proceedings will be taken against
Auliiy Morrison) re. the Draper
appeal case;
J. A. Foriii) re. Surrey vs. Munn.
Mrs. Katie George, notice of application to transfer Surrey Hotel
licence to her own name.
Howay & Reidi re. G. A-. Booth
royd's contract.—Filed.
Tenders were opened for various
work and tlie following contracts
were awarded: J. D. Cameron)
bridge on township line, for $22 ;
J. Connolly) bridge on Hall's Prairie road, $31.50 ; G. M. Thrift, corduroy on Campbell river road, at
$1.10 per rod; L. Bryant, two
crossings on Clover Valley road
near Nicomekl, $9.75.
The sum of $50 was appropriated
to the Sandel road;
Coun. Cameron wns authorized
to have the Ten-mile bridge on Yale
road repaired by re-coverihg with
four-inch cedar corduroyi and also
the Serpentine bridge and slough
near It. He was also authorized
to let 40 yards of gravelling between tlie Serpentine flats and
Johnston road. Tenders to be loft
nt Coun. Cameron's house on or lie-
fore Saturday, Sept. 7, at 4 p. m
Mr. J. C. Wilson was advanced
$400 oh his Contract oh the Nicomekl bridge.
The Stephenson Brothers were
allowed Until October 15 to rbmove
their fence from Bluckie's Spit mad.
The Clferk was instructed to draw
an order for $10 worth of groceries
at T. it S; Annandale's s'lbre, and
give the same to Coun. Burnett for
Jus. Wilson if Coun. Burnett is
satisfied Wilson is not abii'ing thb
The License Board, consisting of
Councillor* Hardy and Cameron,
'and Messrs. I). Johnson, J. P., and
H. T. Thrift, J. P., meet in the
Town Hall on Wednesday, September 11, at 12 o'clock noon. The
! Clerk to notify thb Board of this
| Coun. Kecry proposed to amend
the Pound By-law on the following
basis : Horses to be charged at the
rate of 25c. per day; cows, 25c;
cuttle 1 year old and under, 10c;
sheep, 10c If snitablo person and
premises can be had, the above
amendments to be embodied In a
pound by-law, If not the Pound to
be discontinued,
The following cheques were issued : Fred. Jackson, supply for
Collector, $2 ; Royal City Mills,
lumber for Vale road, $9.85; Gal-
bruitli A'  Co.) advertising by-law;
$(i.50; M. K. Harrington, ucc. con-
tract on Clover Valley 'road, $20 ;
.1. Armstrong, Reeve;' monies paid
to witness for bill, $17.36; J. Appel
cutting trees Hull's Prairie road,
$1.50; E. M. Camcross, .tuxes remitted to W. Sniilli for use of road
to haul gravel, $22.20; E. M.t'imi-
eross, tuxes remitted to S. Walker
for cutting thistles on Keith estate,
$9 ; George Boothroyd, work ou
Boothroyd road, $10; .1. Edwards,
work on Quible road, $24; Wood &
linker, Insurance on hall, $22.50;
Howay & Reid, costs Draper appeal, $85 j A.. A. Richmond, salary
July and August,$88.50; .1. Crutch-
ley, work on White Rook, Wash.
Ave, $40; Stanley Richmond, ace.
salary as care taker, $3; .1. C. Wilson, ace. contract Nicomekl bridge,
$400; E. M. Carncross, ucc. commission, $75; C. S. Corrigan, registry office fees, $3li; G. A. llootliroyd, ucc. contruct Coast Meridian
road, $3(1.95; Bank of Britisli Columbia, balance of loun, $1,500 and
interest, $55—$1,555.
Council adjourned to meet on
Saturday, Sept. 14, at 1 p. in.
Ottawa, Sept. 4.—The seperate
sohools all opened yesterday. Tlie
only concession which bus been
made lo those who huve been fight-
ing against the engagement of
Christian Brothers us teachers, is
that the Garneau school is to be
conducted by Sisters instead oi
Brothers. The other three schools,
which tlio Brothers conducted, are
again under their charge, So
that tho trouble is not yet over.
It is reported that a mandamus
will bo issued by Trustee Moffet
against tbe Brothers being permitted to teach in any of the
schools, in face of tlio report ui the
commission appointed by the government to enquire into the schools.
It is stated that .Mr. Justice
Crease will shortly retire from lie
bench and A. J. McColl, li. C. of
New Westminster, be appointed to
his place,
PreVOST, the defaulting Victoria
Registrar, lias been beard irom .it
Port Townscnd. Constable M.:-
Kennuj of Victoria) is after hire
and expected to have liim arrested
J. C, PnBVOST, Registrar oi liie
Supreme Court at Victoria) and
W. II. Fabling,occupyingI -imilar
position at Westminster, have both
"skipped'' the country, takir^u
with them il large amount of private funds that they held in tn;.-:.
and presumably robbing the government also. The World thinks
there is something radically wrong
with the Government's methods ot
making appointments, and winds'
up by saying that the country
needs more real talent and lees
blue blood. There are few people
in this part of B. C. but will endorse the statement in connection
with the administration of Pro'
vincinl affairs.
A girl to do «niMl hoti«e*rort   Writ* Mjrlug
W*§is require] lo
Juwi.- tarns
Lirtuer. U. C
Cows Wanted.
Tlio 'iif'er-l •fi'il would Ilko to iMittin two or
jthrtv* DOWI tt» Imp 08 »'i»r.-#, er will tfiie »
number to wluur r.vcr.    IU* plenty of good
| feed nml Will ftlvHUUH beat ••( *.';,-
u'   "   WILLIAM"
Methodist Church,
The Anniversary Social will be held
ut the Methodist Chun b,
on Tuesday; .-'opt. 10, ut 7.W p. ro
of Vocal and Instrumental Muslci
Recitations, Readings, etr., may lie
Besides local tiilcnt, n Quartette1
from New Westminster with accompanist will as.-ist in ihe programm"
Admission, 25c; Children, 10c.
HtffMhnttOtl ot clo.-o ol I'rogrunn-m
B. C.
Eiaffgeratt'cl Report! of Amounts host and
Won i.t tlie Ham Truck,
Ouo reason for tho groat popularity of
racing nmtJiig mou who know nothing
about tlio Bport in tho extraordinary fortunes which peoplo aro BOppoeed to
nmko in thu courKn of 10 or UO mlitutuH
hy hotting on horses which hnvo a long
prioo marked opposite their names, Tho
racing editors <>f several of tho morning
pflpow are exceediugly oarofal in noting
tlm wiuuiugs and Iokhoh of prominent
men on tlm turf whon they aro worthy
of comment, but thin iH not trim of al)
tlm men who git in Iho reporters' stand
at tlm trucks.
Evory year BOpUi particular man is
picked out, and tho stories of his winnings are mentioned day niter day quito
un a matter of course, bnt never with
nny real notion of Ihe actual fiicts of
tho case. McCftfferty, for instance, is
commonly credited hy tlm papers with
having lauded between Jtjr>0,000 nud
(00,OUO on a single race this week, and
a few days beforo it wns solemnly announced in tho papers that "Pittsburg
Phil" had a rather had two days' racing, but having lauded $05,000 on Candelabra ho was feeling more comfortable.
Such winnings as these aro noted usually us a matter of courso in the shape
of a footnote or somo small item of
news of tho track.
Tho inconsistency of these statements
is apparent sometimes, eveu to people
who huvo no knowledge of racing.
When AlcCafferty rode Rough and
Ready, for instance, tho price was 60 to
1, and it was stated that McCafforty
bet $5,000 of his own and his partner's
money on his mount. Of courso it would
be impossible to place such an enormous
sum of money on au outside horse, as
the bookmakers ore too sharp to be
caught napping that way.
But, assuming that the story is true
and that McCatferty had bet that
amount of money, his winnings would
havo amounted to $250,000 on that particular race. People who imagine that
the bookmakers at Sheepshead Bay can
pny out $250,000 ou a singlo overnight
raco have a lofty opinion of the finau*
cial stability of tho ring. It is curious to
note how persistently this exaggeration
is practiced, since it is apparent to all
racegoers that such enormous winnings
aro entirely imaginary.—New York
Itrange VUIohj Which n Kanui Chui-ch
Member Swears He Saw.
In the way of seeing sights and viewing visions a Diekinson county farmer
has laid claim to first prize. He has a
statement that is not only unique in
every respect, but is told with startling
attention to detail. H. W. J. Smith, a
long timo resident of the county, living
seven or eight miles from town, publishes in The Evangelical Visitor, tho
church organ of tho Brethren in Christ,
printed hero, this week over his own
signature and attested by nn affidavit a
story of his strange visitation. Ho says
that iu company with B. W. Blue, a
neighboring farmer, n few nights ago
lie stepped out of tlio houso at Andrew
Thompson's, three miles from Manchester and 15 from Abilena As they looked
at tlm sky, which was clear, suddenly
something liko a largo luminous ball
appeared in tho northenst nbout 80 do*
greis nlinve the eastern horizon.
"Is it a comet?"
"Is it a meteor?"
Tlio questions wero askod simultaneously. "But," says Mr. Smith, "thoro
was no time for answer. Just thon it
shot westward, meteorliko, about threo
degrees nnd immediately returned ou
tho samo lino to its first position. Wo
had only timo to sny, 'It merits watching, ' when it opened ns a casket with a
hinge, presenting on its right n cross—
most beautiful, golden, corrugated und
furbished, At the left of this was a
living mnn clad in citizen's stylo, with
a plain crown on his head. His form
Was symmetrical, his countenance bright
and permissive—a perfect son of man.
"The caskot soon closed, and away it
went to tho eastern horizon liko a meteor, Thero it oscillated as if for time to
Tltcj Are Not Yet Nmimrouii, Curlonsly
Enough, but Their Number It Steadily
lnrrciiMlnB -Some InfurmiiMoii About the
An mi tti Arm-* of (ilrl Graduate...
Thero nro a number of reasons why
some discussion of the college woman,
both student and educator, is timely and
proper just now. Within tho past few
weeks some thousands of young women
students—probably not less than 20,000
all told, without considering tho coeducational institutions — havo become
illumine and started ont to travel their
diverse ways through lifo. Whon, in
tho autumn, the colleges shall again
open thoir doors to the girls who thirst
for the higher education, tho number of
students will probably bo at least 126,*
be emptied and refilled, returning on .   ,     . flf con8Jderation
the same path to its original place.   It i ^ »  g fa £ , . „„.. _
opened, presenting a portly man, with | A , ,.?„ ,,,,„     .
sword ami scabbard on his thigh, a cross
on his breast and on his head a crown
of many glittering jewels, like stars.
A Young Philadelphia!* Under Treatment
at the Flower llupltal.
A novel mode of treatment in an attempt to relieve a young man of the
effects of breaking his neck is being
tried at tho Flower hospital. The patient is enveloped in a plaster cast from
the wnist up, nothing but his face being
left bare. This is to prevent the slightest
movement of tho head or neck while tho
muscles and bones are adjusting themselves to their normal relations.
Tho subject of tho treatment is George
Menge, 10 years old, of Philadelphia.
Last January, while ho was exercising
in a gymnasium, ho fell from the horizontal bar, striking on the back of his
head. Tho physician who was called in
said the muscles of the neck were
sprained* but after two weeks in bed
Menge, although able to sit up, could
not raiso his head except by using bis
hands. When his head wns unsupported, it fell forward on his breast As he
had not recovered at tho end of seven
weeks, ho wns sent to tho Pennsylvania
hospital iu Philadelphia, whore an examination showed that his neck was
broken. An instrument was attached to
his head to hold it in place, but no improvement resulted.
Three weeks ago Menge started for
the Cntskills, intending to return to
Philadelphia later for further treatment,
but while staying with some friends in
Brooklyn ho was persuaded to put himself under tho caro of Dr. William Tod
Helmuth nt the Flower hospital. The
plaster cast will be kept upon Menge
until his recovery, of which the surgeons nro very hopeful, or until the
experiment is seen to be a failure. If
successful, thu patient will still be able
to get nbout with his head in a brace.
—Now York Letter.
He looked beautiful, but was partly hid
den by on obtrusive rider on a black or
dark horse.
' 'These were hidden or overshadowed
by a haughty woman in costly royal attire, who Boomed to rule over both.
Then these wero eclipsed by tho coming
of a military leader with sword in right
baud, elevated ready to strike, the scabbard cast away, a cross on his right
breast and a square and compass on his
left On his head was a military hat,
the crown blended with tho man's hair.
On each sido of the man's head wns a
horn, and a cross was erect behind him.
Ho stepped out and forth aud began action, never stopping to rest or tuming
his back on the euemy. He retreated
eastward to within about five degrees of
tbe horizon, then begun to advance witb
heavy martial tread, liko one tramping
tbe wine press and wielding his sword.
"About 11:40 p. m. as wo stood
watching the phenomenon, blood was
seen to stream forth from the casket
and spread far aud wide, apparently 200
miles in extent Mr. Blue* who is a
veteran of the war, snid it wns like tho
blood of the battlefield, only a deeper
red. The warrior seemed at times to be
in blood to his knees and above.
"At 12:15 I retired, but Mr. Blue remained watching until 2 n. m. and says
tho warrior was yet parading the skies
and was joined by another, who advanced to meet him from the east The
casket vanished after this warrior step'
ped out Myself and Mr. Bluo saw the
first and second scenes. Others saw part
of the second. Mr. Thompson and Mr.
Blue saw all the second."
Mr. Smith adds to his statement,
"morally sworn," as he says, as follows: "I hereby certify the above to be
•duration is tho order of tho ilay. Last year there woro
about i2)t,ooo ut id? colleges maintained exclusively for women, and it is fair
to assume that since the sentiment for
greater mental culture is constantly
gaining ground among the women tho
animal iucreaso in tho number of students is not less than 2,000.
It in not moro than 40 yoars ngo that
any considernblo number of peoplo began to talk nnd think seriously about
educating tho young women us well as
the young mon in tlie higher branches,
and it was not until 35 years ago, in
1801, that Brewer Matthew Vnssnr put
tho talk and thought into concrete form
by fouuding Vassar college, the oldest
and still one of tho greatest colleges for
women in all the world, Only those of
us who by rights should be gray haired
or bnldheaded con recall tlie storm of
criticism the new institute of learning
called forth, but many who are neither
scant nor snowy haired can remember
very distinctly that until within the last
few years it seemed a strange and somewhat daring thing for a woman to be a
graduate of anything more serious in
tho educational way than a high school,
academy or young ladies' seminary.
Some of us who aro newspaper writers remember also how ingeniously nnd
with what incisive wit tho funny men
of 20 years ngo used to work over nnd
over, in alleged new forms, tho accepted joke about tho Vnssnr girl and her
chewing gum, and how largely the newspapers without humorists of thoir own
used to copy these jokes. It mny seem a
little strange, but tho authorities of
Vassnr used to worry nbout these jokes
quite as much as their perpetrators
plumed themselves upou tho iwrpetra-
tiou, and once sent out a request, whether formal aud direct or indirectly
through the mediumof a friendly journal
I have forgotten, that newspapers whose
Arbor, Is another institution that did
plonoer coeducational work, the university at Oberlin, O., is another, and
within the last few years several other
coeducational institutions, including
Chicago university, great though yet
very young, have sprung up, and the
doors havo boon opened to the girls by
several of the oldor schools. Even overgrown, conservative Harvard has consented, seeing that tho girls will be educated, willy nilly, to examine the
•.harming students of Harvard annex,
|>w known ns Radcliffo college, and
grant degrees, while Columbia of Now
York has joined hands with Barnard
collego for women, though there is
nothing coeducational about the system
of either of theso institutions.
The late Maria Mitchell, who held
the chair of nstrouomy nt Vassar, was
one of the first women to fill a more responsible place iu a woman's college,
and for a long time she was almost
alone. But the number of instructors'
places nud professors'chairs occupied by
women is steadily growing, though
slowly. Five or six there ure now who
aro deans, and every one of thom is a
woman of not only exceptional attainments, but ouo who is nlso spoken of by
thoso who know her as of uuusnal at-
Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, who recently rosignod hor place as dean of
Chicago university that sho might accompany her husband on nn extended
trip abroad, is ono of tho only two married women of nil thoso who have risen
to such eminence as sho in the actual
work of the higher instruction. Sho
was one of tho first to be graduutod from
the University of Michigan nftor it
opened its doors to women, and after
gradual ion she became a teacher of history at Wellesloy, one uf tho most famous
of all tho colleges open to women only.
Later sho became its president, but resigned that post after six years' service,
when she marriod Professor George Herbert Palmer of Harvard. Mrs. Palmer
is a vory womanly ns well us u vory
learned mid energetic little woman.
Her duties at Chicago wero not onerous
and required not more than six woeks
of her tiino every term. At Wellesley
Mrs. Palmer was succeeded as president
by Mrs. Julia J. Irvine, a sistor of W.
F. Cody, better known as Buffalo Bill,
and a graduate of Cornell. She also
studied ut Leipsic.
Mrs. Palmer hns been succeeded at
Chicago by Miss Marion Talbot, who
was graduated from Wellesley in 1880,
then studied at the Boston Sohool of
Technology, then lectured at Wellesley
on science and later was called west to
take a professor's chair at Chicago. She
is a little woman, but full of energy and
of great executive -tbility.
The woman's college of Bryn Mawr,
Pa., has Miss M. Carey Thomas for its
i .      „   nn,n« editors beliovcd in giving the girls a j dean.   She is about 85, and her college
given as penned as seen by me.   Others | g™^ ■ m higher X-ation should re- j training, like that of Mrs. Irvine, was
may hove seen more or less !»-»*"      ! jrniu (rom ropriutiug the squibs, since I received at Cornell. Shealsotook a post
.,..._ ua-j ,—i—   ,.»„,i„...„ „..j ' graduate course at Leipsie, adding afterward such further training as she could
Tho Visitor, usually very conserv
ZrZ^rZZntZtoZ^ "">»ifl^ touchers, Htmlont. aud   graduate course at Leipsio, adding oft-
Hnch mutters, calls attention to the      ' .„,„.  „_    .       .  i„.w„rt^„hfnrth«r,r»ininonH«henonld
description editorially.—Abilene Cor.
St. Louis Globe-Democrat
It Has Two More Finger*, HoweTfjr, Than
Are Generally Given to Little Girlfl.
A wonderful bit of humanity has taken np its abode at IS4 Orchard street.
tho parent, of students alike und greatly damaged tho iustitntiou by reducing
tho attendance at the college.
Today the pnhlic needs uot tc bo furnished tbo figures I hnvo quoted to uu-
get at Zurich. Miss Thomas is on exceptionally pretty woman as well as a tireless worker, whose efficiency and cuthu
siasui seem always to be at the highest
derstaudthatcollcgoedncatiou for girls J level, and who appears to have corollas como to stay. Everybody accepts it ' pletely mastered the difficulty of per-
now, and the Hitnation !h taken advan- ; forming her duties according to a rigid
toge of by members of all classes who   system,  a problem, by the way, the
Suspicion That There Are Such Among th*
Selects of llrltlsh Aristocracy.
Tho gratifying announcement is mode,
says a Loudon correspondent, that
"nothing WM missed" after tbo groat
garden party givou by the DnkoofSaxe-
C'oburg at C'lnrcnco Houso, at which a
dozen princes aud tho whole fashiona-
blo world were preterit Ono would
havo thought tho announcement scarcely
necessary, hut it Rooms that somo guests
at these royal gatherings ore acenstomod
to appropriate spoons, forks and such
liko trifles as sonvonira, This is uot
theft, but loyal enthusiasm.
Tho same explanation of tho disappearance of private property at the stato
ball given at Buckingham palace hy
This littlo girl baby was born on Sntur- can afford it, except those of the class   mastery of whioh^ by either raon^ or
day without eyes or optio norvo. thut, with tho full consent of the rest uf
As if this unfortunate condition of the world, arrogates to itself tho title of
affairs was uot enough, the baby is af- "sooioty."   Of lato years even genuino
dieted with moro fingers than is usually moiety girls have not been entirely un-
given to mankind.   From the little finger of each hand is nn extra finger of
perfect shnpo and size, and excepting
that it points in au opposite direction to
tho other fingers is apparently formed
to romain for a lifetime.
Iu all other respects tho littlo girl Is
healthy, weighs eight pounds and is as
pretty and well behaved a child as could
be fonnd anywhere
Ita parents, Mr. and Mrs. Jnda Grossman, llvo on tho third floor at 154
Orchard street. This is tho eighth year
of thoir married lifo, and during that
timo threo children havo been born,
who havo all died
Tho eyeless infant was examined In
the Post Graduato Medical hospital yestorday by Dm F. F. Royling and
Charles A. Tama before a class of SO
students. It was conclusively proved
that the child has no sight whatever,
tho causa being tho arrest of development beforo birth. Dr. Lander, who is
nttondlng tho child, has boon searching
old medical manuscripts for records of
similar canes, bnt the ouly success ho
known iu collego hulls, though they aro
uot by any means as yet tho dominant
factor youug men of high social eonnoc-
tious have boeouio iu somo of tho leading colleges for mon.
Tho coeducational idea mado little
coiuniaudof tho queen seems scarcely   n.w mot with was tho finding of n more  neadwuy so far ■" tue higher training
-pplicablc   The royal plate was fouud „     „. «n old French natural his-   a™"-n"1 f0"'" *™« "ft"* the girls'
o bo intact, bnt quito a considerable , ,      .    Btmwu ot „ caHowhoro a male  wUeg" hud got woll started.   Cornell
'■"-'■"■     '■■■ ' '„„„,, WB1) bom  witmra, OTng,_NoT,   niiivorsitywasonoof the pioneers.   In
the words of Ezra Cornell, ita founder,
it was designed from the first to bo "an
Bad Habit, or sleeping. institution whero any person cat. find
P-rsons can easily got into bad hnbihJ ; Instruction in any study." Thero wero
of Hlecplng Just as woll as eating or i no sex limitations whatever in  that
drinking.    When tho healthy body has  bold, briof ontlino of the university's
lets and the like Tho missing Jewelry
was diligently sought for by tho ballroom sweepers, supervised by court ofH-
cors, next morning, and ono or two
small things wero found, but all tho
really valuable artioles aro still unaccounted for.
Only two explanations, both saddening and humiliating, aro forthcoming.
One is that thero are vulgar thieves In
the IJrilish aristocracy. Tho other Ih
that professional robbers, disguised us
York Herald.
had its required amount of sleep, it nn
..ounces tho fact hy causing the sleeper
to awake, aud if from habit or desire
more sleep Is taken nt that time it is an
excess, just tho same ns overloading tho
stomach is nn excess in eating. Insom-
dukes or diiehcsscs or what not, gained Ilin ur .lopitwcss ran vory ofton be
admission to the sacred precinct, of tracwi ^ impairment of the digwrtive
Buckingham palace. j organi.—New York Dispatch.
Beopo, and though sometimes Cornell
male undergraduates declare they do not
like tho idea of being placed on tho same
piano with tho girls tlio latter rejoice in
being "ooeds," study as hard or harder
than the boys, behnve a great deal better, and oftentimes qnlto outrun thom
in attainments.
Tho University of Michigan, at Ann
woman   denotes  thorough   education,
whether received iu college or not
The youngest of these bra-'ny women
is Miss Emily James Smith, dean of
Barnard college for women, which is
conducted in affiliation, so to speak,
with Columbia college, Now York.
When Miss Smith took the position, it
was agreed that she should thenceforth
be known ouly us Miss James Smith,
but somehow the old fashioned woman'•
name of Emily has stuck to her in spite
of tbe decision. Her father was a Justice
of tho supreme court of the state of New
York, and she was educated at Bryn
Mawr, Girtou college, Cambridge, England, and the University of Chicago.
She is a rapid workor, but sho will not
apply herself for more than six hours a
duy, wherein she shows great good
sense.   Sho is a pretty woman.
The oldest of tho womon who are
deans is Miss Agnes Irwin, who, in
1894, was called from Philadelphia,
where for SO yoars she hod conducted a
school of her own, to be doau of Radcliffo college, as the Harvard annex ia
now termed. Miss Irwin is 114 years old,
aud of all tlie deans Is tho only one not
herself a college graduate. She is said
to be vory well educated, however,
though as all the instruction atRodcliffe
will bo supplied by the lecturers at Harvard her work as instructor will be very
light In fact, she was avowedly ohosen
rather to "give tone" than to teach, and
that she will do admirably. She is a
greut-granddnughtorof Benjamin Franklin.
Tho president of Radcliffo is Mrs.
Louis Agassi*, widow of the colobrnted
professor, bnt she Is not practically engaged In tho higher iustrnctiou.
M. I. Dkxter.
A Dael, a Girl's Transferred Affections and
Two Sod Deaths—The Accidental Meeting In the Society Library and the Coincidence of a nook's Title and Author.
Thoro is uu odd story connected with
tho Now York Society library, whioh is
fully as interesting as tho personality of
its patrons. Tho chnrtor of tlio institution was granted in 1773 by Goorgo
III, ond in thoso days it was a placo of
rosort by tho fashionable people of the
town. Somo timo nftor tho war had
ended a young Englishman, who had
boon an officer iu the British army and
attached to General Howe's staff, visited tho library to whilo away an idle
hour. Ho became absorbed in his book
and did not notice that bo was being
closely watched by a man who snt near
him. When ho uroHo to go, ho wns followed to the door and tapped on tho
"Pardon mo," snid tho stranger,
'but woro you not a soldier in his majesty's army boiiio years ago, and wero
you not engaged in a linnd to hnnd encounter with nu American who... you
left for dead on the field of honor?"
"I remember tho circumstances perfectly, " wns tho reply. "What do yon
know of it?"
"I nm tho man with whom you
fought and I have to thank you for
thiB," pointing to an empty sleeve.
"Ono of uh had lo sutler," was the
"I nn. aware of that, " answered the
other, "and I can forgive it, but I cannot forgivo or forget that yon took
from mu something more precious than
my arm You robbed .no of my ufllanocd
The story may bo briefly told. Tho
American woh engaged to ho married to
a beautiful girl, the daughter of ono
of New York'H most prosperous merchants. She was good and truo, nnd
tho day for tho marriage had been not.
Ono dny her lover quarreled with tho
Englishman in a placo of public resort.
Tho mon wero strangers, to oaoh other.
A challenge followed, nud it was agreed
to moot tho next morning at daybreak
on the Jersey shore and fight with rapiers. Tho American went homo to arrange his affairs and iu the oveuing
called on his intended brido. His un
usual seriousness aroused bor fears, aud
sho beggod to know the cause Tho
young man, after much entreaty, told
what ho was to do on the morrow. Tho
young wouinn swooned, und when she
recovered found that her lover, fearing
that be might be dissuaded, had left
her. Sho at once dispatched a worthy
servant to visit tho various publio
honses—for there weren't many of them
—and learn, if possible, tho place of
rendezvous. Tho quest was successful,
aud at 7 the next morning, after a sleepless night the girl was at tho mooting
place, bnt too late to interfere. Tho
duel hud already taken place, and her
lover lay wounded nigh unto death. He
was taken homo nnd nursed back to lifo
and strength. Some months later the
young woman met tho Eugishman at a
social gathering. Sho did not know
him, nor did he know her. The young
man fell desperately in love.
In less than a month tho maiden's
heart had changed, aud her affections
were transferred. When she gave up
hor engagement ring and told tho old
lover the name of tho new one, ho
shocked her by the statement that tho
Englishman wns the man who had so
nearly killed him. There was a great
revulsion of feeling. Tho girl became
ill, brain fever ensued, and she died.
This was what tho American referred
to wben he met tho Englishman in tbo
old library bnilding. In his excitement
he had carried a book which ho had
picked np unwittingly with him, and,
overcome by tho remembrance of his
wrongs, dashed it into tho faco of his
enemy. Tho assault was so sudden that
tho Englishman lost his balance and
fell. His head strnck tho wall, and he
became unconscious. Tlio constables
came and took him away. Whon the
attendants rushed out to see what was
the matter, thoy pioked up a book. Ono
of thom looked at the title page and
saw that it was called "The Fate of
the Inconstant" and its author, whose
namo was not unknown, was the mother of the girl who had Jilted tho American. The English officer was so seriously injured by the fall that his mind became impaired, and ho died some years
after In a private retreat for the insane.
New York Mail and Express.
Hark I From the Tomb,
Several Egyptian harps have been recovered from tombs. Iu some tho strings
are intact and give forth distinct sounds
after a silence of 8,000 years.
The Mountain Laurel.
It is certainly strange that American gardeners havo paid so littlo attention to tho mountain laurel, Kalinin
lutifolin, as a decorative plant Probably
there is not one laurel planted in this
country for every thousand rhododendrons and azaleas, although the flower,
of Ihe laurel are not loss beautiful. Indeed somo good Judges consider them
more beautiful than tho flowers of any
other American shrub. It is, moreover,
au easier plant to cultivate and ranch
less particular about soil and exposure.
Ono of the reasons why it has boon nog-
looted no doubt Is that it is a common,
nativo shrub, and another is that it is
not always an oasy matter to procure
well grown plants. Young plants can
bo dng up iu the woods, bnt thoy require
some care aud cultivation In the nursery beforo becoming well established.
Now, however, small plants covered
with flower buds con be obtained from
Dutch nurserymen by tho thousand at
What seems a ridiculously low prioo. At
this timo of the yoar uo othor shrub is
■o beautiful in tho northern states. It
Is ono of tho host subjects to plant on
tho borders of natural woods or in othor half wild situations, as it ondures
tho shado of overhanging trees and does
not suffer from drought. Its value as a
decorative plant should he better known
and more often insisted upon.—Garden
and Forest
Boat a Woman Brought Comfort to a
Mother's Aching DreaBt.
Sho had been hanging around ths
place for a week or more. The policeman who traversed thnt boat had ordered her away onco, but sho was there
again tho next day, looking at the photographs on exhibition Just outBido the
entrance to the building.
"What aro you doing aronnd horo
again?" ho asked gruffly, somewhat nettled that his first reproof had not been
hcodod. "Didn't I toll you yesterday
to stay awoy from hero? Dou't yon
know you are liablo to bo arrested? You
don't look vory well, you kuow," ho
added half apologetically, touched by
tlio appealing look in tlio faded gray
oyea. "Tho nrtist'll soon bo mining »
row. You'll hurt hie trade. What do
you wont horo anyhow?"
"Thnt," she snid wistfully, pointing
to ono of tlie photographs in tho fine
Tho policeman looked. It was tho
pictnro of a baby.
It looks liko my boy," sho Haiti
tromnlonsly. "Don't you suppose I
could got ono of them? It wouldn't bo
any harm to ask, would lt?" .
Tlio polioomun's harshness had vanished. Perhaps the reniemliranco of
baby hands gone out of his own lifo
softened his heart, ntul ho answered
kindly: "No, it won't. Come on, I'll
go with you. We'll seo what wo can
Tlio fashionable Walmsh avenuet.rlist
was visibly surprised when tho couplo
entered his studio.
"Sho wants to nsknfavor of you,"
said the officer, pointing over his
shoulder to tho woman In rusty black.
"I guess you'd hotter do the best you
can for hor."
"H'b about tho plett.ro down thero on
the Street," she proeeedetl timidly ill
atiswor to tho photographer's look of
Inquiry. "I've heel, coming here lo look
at it for 1 dou't know how long. I
couldn't stay away, for, as I told him
a moment ngo, it's just liko my boy.
You see, I never had his picture taken.
I couldn't afford it. I kept nutting it
off and putting it otr, thinking thnt
some timo I would havo more monoy,
anil oven after ho got sick I neglected
it for I couldn't beliovo I'd loso him."
She stopped.
"Well?" qncstionod the artist.
"But they sent for nto to como to tho
hospital ono night, and thoy told mo ho
wns dead. Tho first thing I thought
was, 'And I haven't eveu a picture of
him.' So over since theu I'vo bceu looking for a fnco liko his. I'vo examined
every photogrnph and every fancy picture I camo across, bnt I never found
anything resembling him hut this. You
havo ouo up here, too," shofiaid, arising aud standing beforo n dainty faco
looking down at lier from its place npou
the wall. "Tho likeness is perfect. Tho
samo large, earnest eyes, tho samo long
lashes, tho samo curve of brow and
cheek and tho snmo bonny smile. Ho
was bo pretty, my baby was. I wish I
bad that picture. Do you suppose I
could get it?"
Tho policeman had walked to tho
window and wns watching the throng
on the street below. Tho artist coughed
and shaded his face with his bauds, and
the shabby, prematurely old woman gazed longingly at tho pictured face before
"It's an unusual request," tho artist
commenced doubtfully.
"But you won't refuse to grant it," a
low voico interrupted, and its owner
stepped through the doorway from the
inner room, whero she had boon preparing for a sitting.
"I hoard what you said," she went
on, aud tho sweet face was transfigured
with gentle sympathy ns sho clasped
the hand of her unfortunate Bister, "and
I waut to tell you how sorry I am that
yonr baby died. That is my boy's pictnro. You can huvo the photograph,
and yon can seo him. Evory hour I
thank God for sparing him to mo."
Tlio bit of cardboard on which wero
limned tho featnres of n child resembling her dead baby was given to her,
and thu woman, whoso heart hud yearned for yeurs for n glimpse of a faco liko
her boy's, went out ou tho Btroot again.
—Chicago Tribune.
He Wanted the Latest.
The other morning a man wont into
a niusio store and nsked for "Ave
"Which ono do you wont?" askod the
"Oh, I dou't know whose lt is," he
said.    "Givo me tho best one."
"Well, wo havo one by Gounod, Liszt
Luzzi, Mascagni, Millard, Cherubini
and Duleken—nny ono is good."
"Gosh," said the customer. "I didn't
kuow there was ho many. Give mo
Jorry Boouo'a"
Cherubim's woh handed him, but
about noon ho came back dissatisfied.
"Tliis is uo gootl on earth," ho said,
"I can't make head nor tail to tho tunc "
Gounod's "Ave Maria" was then
given him, but II o'olock brought him
back again.
"It wasn't 'Ave Maria' at all I
wanted," ho explained, "ltwas 'Sweet
Marie.' "—Iudianapulls .Sentinel.
Highest and Lowest States.
According to tho recently annonnoed
results of measure.nenis aud calculations mado hy tho United Statos geological survey, Delaware is tho lowest state,
Its elevation above sea level averaging
only 110 feet. Colorado is tho highest, averaging 0,800 feot above tho sea, while
Wyoming Is a close second, only 100
feet lower than Colorado. Iu minimum
elevation Florida and Louisiana disputo
for second place after Delaware, their
average elevation boing, for each, 100
feot. Taking tho United States as il
whole, our country lies slightly nbovo
the average elevation of the hind of the
globe. — Youth's Companion.
Mo Words to Waste.
Mother—Mrs. Blank has given yotl
some cako, and you haven't even said
thank you.
Small Son—It's bakor'o.—Good Nowa Y?
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report
Absolutely pube
Tlio Cirri,'*  I ft Volte Made Trouble In
tin' Lambkin litniily.
"1 dou't Bee why wo cim't go to tho
opera like other people," pouted Mrs.
Lambkin, as sho and her fiponse wore
waUdughomo togethor, "Wecould, I'm
euro, if yon didn't look upon Wugnor as
u mortal enemy,"
"Myouly objection to him is the fact
thut ho souds you to Bleep and then
won't let you stay thoro," replied Mr.
Lambkin, Then, basely anxious to
change the subject, he remarked, "I do
beliovo that is Mrs. Fitzjnues in another
now gown."
"No doubt. Hor husband in so gen*
eriiii.s to her. Why, isho tolls mo that
thoy woro al tho opera last evening uud
expect to go again tomorrow,"
"indeed. Alt, by tho way, didn't you
toll uie thnt .vim thought Dick Norooks
uud Miss Efilo had quarreled?"
"Very likely. I notice that Diok is
particularly touchy whenever grand
opora Is in town."
"Ah, indeed. By Dm way, how should
yon liki' lo call at your mothor'ts this
"Very much, if anybody W1U likoly to
bo nt homo, Mm of courso thoy will ull
go to the opora,"
"Urn—ah! I've just remeinhorod that
tliis is church evening, Suppose wo go.
Wehuven't been to evening church siuco
wo wore first married;"
"Impossible, Goorgo. I should be
nshumed to have any ouo kuow that I
was well enough to Im out after night
and not at tho opera, People would be)
suro to nay that you aro stingy, audi
would rather die than cause such remarks."
"Fact is, Endora, I'm as anxious as
yon nro to go to tho opera, but moucy is
too tight. I hud to mako a payment today and I doubt if I havo a dollar in my
pocket. Nover mind, wo can have a nice
long evening at homo alone, can't we?"
"Humph! Wo aro suro to be alone,
for evory living soul wo know will be at
tho opora."
"All the better, my dear, Just step In
here with me a moment, will you? I
havo uo cigars, aud 1 don't want to have
to go out for anything tonight. Yon seo,
I dou't keep many cigars ou band now
that money is so scarce."
They went into the store, and Mr.
Lambkin selected his cigars, while his
wife stood by. Ho felt anxiously in his
pockets for small change, and finding
none took a bill out of his notebook, and
glancing warily at Mrs. Lambkin bunded it, all crumpled up, to the clerk.
After all that it did seem the irony of
fate which mado that individual call
out in stentorian tones to the cashier,
"Twenty-five from 20, pleusel"
And Mrs. Lambkin was still talking
about it when they reached borne.'
Ml»» Willurd'HTitle.
Miss Frances E. Willard Ib now Dr.
Frances K. Willard, since the Ohio
Wcslcynn university has conferred npon
ber tho degree of LL D. A telegram
announcing tho fact came to the great
"welcome meeting" to Miss Willard in
New York and was rapturously received
by tho audience. This i& "a year of jubilee" for tho Ohio Wesleyan university, being its semicentennial, Tho university is coeducational, and its president is that able aud faithful advocate
of woman suffrage, Dr. Busbford. It
was a happy coincidence—or was it pro*
meditated?—that ono of tho women
graduates ehose "Francos Willard" for
her graduating theme. Tho Western
Christian Advocate says: "The great
honor of LL. D. sought illustrious subjects—Frances Willard and Bishops
Warren and Thobt.ru Tho foremost
woman of her times, Frances Willard,
is tho first woman to receive this degree
from an Institution of tho high rank of
tho Ohio Wesleyan. Wo congratulate
both tho houor givor and tho honor
In the ed'firo of honlUi l« vlfor, wnloh means
not meruit inniontor energy, but an tQtlve dls-
dim we id to* vitrloim fuiu-ilonitof tl.« body,
• cii iin lift.', -ili-iii, secretion o> ihe bile, the ai>
tion •>( tit' li wu ■, the cluiilritliiu of the blood.
No hunt m»ro arttve v or tlioNiuinl? cotiirlb*
titi■<• i niii."I   i i-rfiiiiii-iii'i' nf tht'st- full"
ilmiii'i' itv-imn.-.t tniile mnl rug a It mr,
nttitr'i -ititiiiiH'li Hitler*.   Tin- ri'fiilt of Id
Hi-ill In   -tn IIK'Ii, liiKi'lliiT With
me hum'i* OlllOipUSfietl tbnt Ibt) ti'iiiii" nf
life i ■ )>u UK htft" Kibi'iinl- tint (ilio lit Inylnii
ill, ii ■ .ii,- nt  vllRlllj HKHlnst thu inimiil tHlilf
■ !r • Ij *   « lui'li "i'l hku ■  rtk.s ii| the system
i< fiirufyinK intlUDUPO of tb« lllitvr-i ctnisti-
-  ri'liilili -iili'iriiii'il AtJHlmtf IiiiiIhtIh
Hill ■! '*in rill
I'liiiiii -iiifiruii'n  -iininm nuiiHriH,
 irimj Miin-jf trouble. Appetite end
ci'li tmiiuivi' 'hroiifili It* ilM'.nilil It protect*
tb.- system iiKuiimi thu effeuu of eoias and
"Doynfl think ihnl Dllokeni woulddccolvo »
filuniir f 1'ini'n'unt    Nmiiimii hh friends
W  nl-1 helleu' n ivi>nl hu wiy*."
When tbo mercury 1ms risen,
1 liko to bear tbo Ilzzln
Ami I lavu to boar tho Hl;-zln of tbe soda
water mill.
Ob, thero is music In Ita nli,j*fi.
And a mom'ry to It cIIiikIii
Which oftentimes Ih brinjcln thoughts that
linger with muBttll,
'Tliont*btHof ifeotarand vanilla,
Strawberry ami Harimiiarilln,
Though ta of ftoda thnt would fill a boy with
visions of delight,
Ami, though many years huvo fleeted
Blttco the juveniles I treated,
Tltero's tt sentiment deep Bunted that good
soda's out of night.
Let nther* prate of whisky
That mukuH a fellow frisky,
Butnleolnil Is risky sluir to monkey with
at all.
l/'t stngeslruek guys make merry
Ovor mugs of Tom and Jerry,
Sing tbu praise of Kllen Terr)*, Miss Lang-
try, I'aiilino llalli
Lot Miiili-l.t dtllles tOUoll irlnmma
To tlio health of buxom hitw*,
Hut iodn quite stirpassesah the drinks that
mako men light.
Ii'«n beverage that's olioorln,
Untirotcnl loue appearm.
To bumaniiy otidenrln-aye, It's clearly out
or fight.
-Michael .1. Donnelly In SI. Paul Globe.
KoimtTliliigftat the Klstoildfod Which Made
Knglisli Visitors Vory Weary.
'Aftor 000 yoars tho Prince of Wales
comes homo." So snug Lewis Morris iu
an oilo road boforo tho royal visitors to
tho oiHtcddfod at Carnarvon. The odo
was read in English, and tho Prince of
Wales audibly protested to thoso around
him that tho chronological statoinont referred to was not quito accurate, as he
had been in WaloB boforo, though certainly not in a public manner. However, tho odo was fairly good, and as it
was in English and lauded the Prince
and Princess of Wales in the fulsome
fashion that might have been looked for
from an expectant poet laureate, a versifier who aspires to succeed Tennyson,
thoir royal highnesses thoroughly enjoyed it and graciously accepted a
bound copy of it
Lewis Morris ranks as a Welsh bard,
but ho was the ouly one of that mystio
and, truth to tell, somewhat ridiculous
body who wore the clothing of nine
teonth century civilization. The others
wero deeked out in quaint garments and
Drnidical trappings and were evidently the cause of violent delight to the
Princess of Wales as she and her husband sat among them on the platform
in the eisteddfod hall. The Sun reporter who attended the gathering is now
sorry ho did so, as he has lost all veneration for bards and a good deal of
respect for the eisteddfod institution itself. Welshmen thoroughly enjoyed the
whole business, but to the English visitors, royal aud plebeian, it was wearisome work listening to a long succession
of bards reciting poems in an unknown
tongue. The poems, in their translated
form at any rate, proved in nearly every case to be sad doggerel. Bard Eos
Dar, however, created much appreciated
diversion by siugiug or chanting in fine
style a "pcnillion," which he subsequently turned into English.—London
Cor. Now York Sun.
—evetT one nf the pnhifttl Irregularities
and weaknesses that prey upon women.
Tbey fade the face, waste the figure, ruin
the temper, wither you up, make you old
before your time.
Get well: That's the way to look well.
Cure the disorders and ailments that beset
yon, with I)r. Pierce's Favorite i'rcscrlp-
It regulates nnd promotes nil the womanly
lunct.0118, improves digestion, enriches the
blood, dispels aches nnd pains, melancholy
and MrvOUIIieW}, brings refreshing sleep,
and restores health and strength.
The Remnrbablo Jonrnvylngr. of » Light*
Weight 620 <.(.ld]>lr<c
Somo weeks ngo, in perft tBrnvncn of
his duty, Public Printer Douemcf expressed a quantity of waste gold leaf to
the Philadelphia mint, with tho request
that its valuo be returned to him in gold
coin. Ho did not advertise tho gold leaf
for sale, as ho might hnvo done, but
preferred to deal with Uncle Sam direct Iu a few days ho received by
express from tho mint for the waste
gold leaf several bags of gold coin, the
value of which was $1,610.54. He acknowledged its rccoipt and at once sent
it to the treasury department to be
placed to the credit of tho miscellaneous
receipts of the treasury.
Tho gold coin contained in the bags
received from tho mint was taken out
by tho treasurer and counted and
weighed, an tho law prescribea Ont of
tbo $1,611).C4 ono $30goldpieco, according to tbe treasury scales, was exactly
$1.35 light Treasurer Morgan wrote
thu public printer to thnt effort and requested that ho at onco forward $1.25
to mako good tho shortage of the $30
Tho public printer did not propose to
pay tho $1.25 out of his own pocket,
so ho wroto to Superintendent Town-
send of tho Philadelphia mint, informing him that ono $30 goldpiooe was
short $1.35 and to plcaso forward that
amount. This wus dona Iu bis letter
containing tho $1.35 shortage Superintendent Townsoud expressed regret that
tho public printer hud not returned the
original $30 gnldpieco.
Mr. Bon edict on receiving the $1.25
sent it to tho treasury department and
got a roceipt fur it This, ho thought,
would closo the transaction. But it
didn't Tho treasury officials, it seems,
wero not satisfied. Several days afterward tho public printer received the
$20 goldpieco stamped across itH face
"light $1.25," with the request that he
return to tho department $18.75, so as
to make his account balance, the de*
pnrtmout having received $1.25. This
was a surprise to the publio printer, bnt
as he was dealing with government officials he thought he could stand the
racket if thoy could. Ho sent the light
$30 goldpieco to the Philadelphia mint,
with tho request that they forward
Treasurer Morgan a certified draft for
After a lapse of nearly a week he received a communication from Superintendent Townsoud stating that he had
weighed the disputed coin, and that he
found a shortage of but $1 and request-
ed the publio printer to return to him
tho 25 cents he had paid out in excess.
A demand was made on tbe treasury
for 25 cents. It was received, and in
tnrn Publio Printer Benedict forwarded
it to tho mint
This ended the transaction, but the
question arises, Who made good the
shortage in the $20 goldpieco? Did the
superintendent of the mint at Philadelphia make the shortage good out of his
own pocket, or was it charged to the
government? And, again, if the officials
of the mint weigh tbe gold coin, as the
law requires, how is it possible for a
light coin to get ont, aud must not some*
thing bo wrong with tbe scales used by
tho treasury department? The treasury
officials stamped the coin $1.26 light
The mint peoplo say it is but $1 light
Had this matter occurred with private
individuals instead of government officials the private individual would no
doubt havo had to pocket the loss.—
Washington Post
0*w«> of ft Brooklyn Wi.timti Who Indulge!
Her Manlu to oilier-.' Ktiibarrassmeiit.
A curious mania has como to light
recently in Brooklyn through tho continued 'KiiflVrin-K of its indirect victims.
A woniau living in one of tho pleasant
residence portions of the city has been
annoyed now for nearly threo years by
tho persistent uppenruueo at her house
of delivery clerks from tho well known
shops with C, O. D. parcels for her
number, but not her name. The packages are always addressed to Mrs. Hor*
ton, with tho street and number of the
woman who is not mid novor was Mrs.
Horton, nor has any ouo of that name
ever lived at tho address indicated.
Tho parcels are always O, O. D. and
aro of various merchandise. One after*
noon last week a large basket of crockery, packed in excelsior, was unpacked
iu her basomont area, whilo tho maid
brought up to her mistress tho C. O. D.
bill. Notice has been given to different
stores of tho transaction, uud shopkeepers havo been requested not to forward
that com hi nation of name, address and
C. O. D. element, but at irregular inter*
vats they continue to come, eluding tho
watchfulness of tho delivery depart*
ment Lato at night aud early in tho
morning thtwu mysterious packages ap*
pear, aud, though they aro always
promptly returned, there seems no way
to stop them, Tho only plausiblosupposition is that tho mythical "Mrs. Hor*
ton" has a mania for shopping that her
purse does not afford menus to satisfy,
but which is thus relieved at tho expense only of time nnd trouble to othor
persons. —Now York Times,
Another Italian Hank Heandal,
Another bank scandal is threatened
in Italy which may put oven the Banca
Kmmiim Into tho shade. Tho rumors of
fraud, corruption and bribery, upon a
huge scale, in connection with the
Credit Mobiliere, which have long boon
current, huvo now taken a moro con*
creto form, n group of shareholders hnv-
iug formally presented a petition to the
tribunal at Turin, bringing tho gravest
charges against Signor Frasoasa, niana*
jrer of that hank, and demanding a judicial inquiry. Should suoh un investigation bu authorized astounding revelations will follow, for Krascasa is believed
to huvo had In his pay sumo leading
politicians In Rome, including ministers
and ono ex-premier and nearly overy
journalist of repute or influence in
Rome, Turin, Florence, Naples and
Venice, spending millions of lire an*
nually In subsidies sad for concessions.
Nowhere are boys better cared for and
mure thoroughly taught than at IIuittN
School, Burlfngame, Wan Mateo ei unity,
Cal. Tbe sehuul is in charge of Ira 0.
Hnitt. I'll M., and wid reopen August (Jtii.
—8. F. Chronicle.
Photographs of the Moon,
The photographers of tho Paris obsorv-
atory have just finished for tho Academy of Sciences tho clearest viow over
secured of tho moon. They have photographed hor surface in sections, which
lit, making a great imago 5 feet in diameter, Tho work is so perfect that
•wns, forests and rivers would be per
coptible if they existed.
We offer One Hundred Dollars reward
for any Rase of Catarrh that cannot be
cured hv Hall's Catarrh Cure.
F.J. CHKNKYACO., Props., Toledo, 0.
We the undersigned, have known F. J.
Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe
him perfectly honorable in all business
transactions and financially able to carry
out auy obligation made hy their firm.
Wist & Tbuax, Wholesale Druggists, Tu*
ledo, O.
Wai.iunu, Kinnan & Marvin, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, 0.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,
acting directly npon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Price, 75c per
bottle. Hold by all Druggists. Testimonials Free.
After Solemn Msu Over an Empty Cofflo
All Adjourn to n Banquet.
An np to date disciple of Charles V
of Spain has held at a village of the
Yoiiuo department, in France, a kind
of dress rehearsal of his fnneral while
yet in tho laud of tho living. For tbe
past year gravediggers and masons hod
been engaged in preparing the gentle*
man's tomb, and he had surveyed the
work with loving care. When everything wus ready, he had a handsome
marble slab put up, with tho date of
his birth and the list of his titles and
distinctions, winding up with the comforting assurance that ho "hod been a
good father and a law abiding citizen"
inscribed thereon. On his ninety-fifth
birthday all his friends and acquaint*
ouces were invited to the rehearsal of
his funeral A solemn burial service
took placo at tho church, and bis empty
coffin, placed undor a catafalque and
surrounded with wax candles, received
an anticipatory blessing. To oheer np
his guests, whom this lugubrious ceremony must havo somewhat depressed,
ho then bado them repair to bis house,
whero a grand banquet took place, at
whioh the beadle, the choristers and
tho priests who are to officiate at his
real funeral were presont Each guest
pledged his word In a bumper of champagne that if ho woro still living at the
timo he would not fail to "assist" at
the funeral ceremony of which the re*
hearsul had just been gone through.
Tho real event may not come off yet
awhile, for this Imitator of tho famous
emperor is still quito hale and hearty
in spite of bis 90 summers.—London
Piio's Cure for Consumntion has saved
memanyadoctor'sbill —B.iF. HAanv.Hop-
kins Place, Baltimore, Mil., Deo. 2, WM,
I'hp Kadamii Microbe  Killer.  Advice free.
360 MorrlMM St., Portland, Oregon.
COUPON 86—The two new and popn'M
HoiigH "Quodbye" snd "Parted," remilsr prtae
■inc esnh, can be procured at the Introductory
price, 10c euch, by Hendltig thli [toiipou—fitanipe
taken.   Wiley It. Allen Co., Portland, Oregon.
I'lt'tureM-a* Iloston Advertising,
Lust week a group of maidens clad in
thu very lntost bathing costumes and
surrounded by all the cooling features
of tho sea beach disported in ■ Wash*
ington street window, whore perspiring
passersby gazed on their charms and
heartily wished they could step Into
thoir shoes and stockings. One yonng
woman, wrapped in a bath robe, was
extended on tho shore, another held a
big parasol ovor her head, whilo other
bold minxes calmly amnsed themselves
paddling in tho water, preparatory to
taking a "header," or sat themselves
dowu In readiness fur the advancing
waves! It was a pictorial advertisement
that went to tbo right spot, and the
spectators took note of the fetching
styles and then went their way, determined to go and do likewise at the nearest fashionable resort.—-Boston Herald.
Try Gkrkia for breakfast.
A Good Appetite
Indicates a healthy condition of ths i*ys
tern nnd the lock of it shows that tin
stomach and digestive organs nn weal-
ami debilitated. Hood's Nar-aparills ha-
wonderful power to tone and strengthet
these organs and to create an appetite
By doing this it restores the body tr
health and prevents attacks of disease.
Hood's Sarsaparillr
is the only true hlood  purifier  prmn
ncriily beiore the public eye today,
U\r\r\r\'a Pillc the after dinner pll ho
nOOQ 9 THIS family fathartlc.   Sto*.
and COLIC are
fquickly CURED
with Pain-Killer.
Cramps may assail you at any tune, without warning. You are at
a complete disadvantage—so sudden and violent is their attack—
unless you are provided with a sure cure.
is the surest cure, the quickest and the safest cure. It Is sold everywhere at
35c. a bottle. Sec that you get the genuine—has '' Pcrrv Davis & Sou'' ou bottle.
Mixes with cold water.   Reliable and *afe.
• ton, Idahu, Dakota tt Montana.
ache? Does every step seem a burden? Yon need
FtilUCaballeroiHtEe, S3S per thousand; 3 per cent caili dlicuunt
All flnt-cItiH dealers ihould keep thtm.
Correnpoadeuce solicited.   Samplei lent on application.
Srcond to iioue - T   V IT..
No mut!. r wt ere from.      I OKTL    *■ D.
Preserves all kinds of Fruit without cooking, and retains their
natural flavor.
E.t.b. isee.   CORBITT & MlACLEAY CO.   mo  sea
IMHOKTKItH.sMIPI'INtim.dOiMMlssniN MKItCIUVIH. UlwnUdViUlca m-m aa -i.fr-.*-.:
qnuiianmeuu ol wheat, Fleur,Oat», Wool mm Hnpti. si,n- «i 1 << port* fnnin'hii a, Japou India: Tea, Coffee, Klee, Matting and .,nif-. tt .it-es, Hhk«>, |'h|iIih? ., f-iifun sm ■• I, <*••• Frum i.v
eriiiiol: Liverpool fttlje, Ottfrtv and Lump Book -nit, t'b'iiiIchIn of nit kfinl*. T aetata *fi-'.-
•»o. 1 rtiurnt'if Whem B k", Hop Bmltip, toil Hr tiiMonr, Hun .!■■ '.uinn.'.-' I'.-n.- , -,■ -. tj «iirf
trim, Whisky, Brandy mid Wine ,f malt- in qiiniitOf.- lo milt h,- irii' ■<-.   I'lh.n.iN   , OK.
•MrEHMRONMi * ?\\i\iS 4
SloM     THE ORIGINAL AND OKNUINC    Th»anlyS»r«1NH)*,ui4-'fi,.M'*r>!   «* MM   \W
^!* ~W I*dl», ul Drnt-rlil for ChUkuttr • KnalUh Ihamtmtt Stand In Kerf «M '.V.( rn»i»i w     \T
In Every Detail.
These engine* are acknowledied br oiport en
Sneer* to be worthy of ntgbeit commendstlon
r ■Implicit;, hlsh*gradematerial and RUperlor
ivorkmaniblp. They develop tbe full actual
bone power, and run without an Klcetrlc Hpnrk
Battery; the urn tern of Ignition li ilmple, tnes-
peiiHire and reliable.
For pumping outfit* for Irrigating purposes
no better engine can be found on tbe Fsolflr
For bonding outflta for mines tbey have met
with hlgbeet approval.
For intermittent power their ocotiomy is ua
fV* Bend lor atUlofu.,
Irtifioiil Eyu
Oratohit . . .
Writ. I., Pile.....
..Fortlsnd. Oregon
„ rtn-Ut..   .. 	
1   iM-MHMMwithiiinrrlMic.il.   Take m- •Ihcp klmi.  Refute MMOwhM ■
All plllt IBpuicbouit doim, pink -rrappeM,are JaMerMl ••nlrrMiB.   At Dracfi"* ■.
If. In iiamni *->r ■•artl-ilira, litlrMpUl*. «n4 "Keller t.r taaSI**." •■ Wt. t>> t+tmr
10,000 T«tlnmnlili.   S.me Paper.    Ht,.* br all Ural It
1IIK llbMiKK VUKjeitAh CO.. mtSl  MrbIIm*.
fiiu.tDri.PHit. p*.
• the best •
Dyspeptic,Delicate,Inffrm and
*    JOHN CARLB * SONS. N.w York.     *
Radam's Microbe Killer
Is tho only known remedy (hat will destroy
thu Microbe In the Hlooii without Injury lo the
■VHtem. MlliliiiiHt'f tii'diile testily to Ita wonderful cures.
Prion, mii per Jar. 91 |ior llottla
Advice Iri'f.   Write for circulars.
Radam's Microbe Killer Company
1310 Market If., Un Fnncisce, Cal.
.1(10 H  rriaon tUroet     PflltTLANIi, Oil,
Orders filled to auy part of the country by
millMtln, two botes of .nr olhur lir.inl. rre.
Irom Anlm.1 nils   iikt »hk uknuink.
.lid DMl.rs KeiltrallT.
Ely's Cream Balm
('It»oa.s the Nual
Puumi, Allay. Pain
and Inflammation,
. Kc.tor'B the Sen... of
Ta>t* and Brmll.
Heal, tho (tore,.
A-nfrYf-montoltlMhowaliaaoncliriBi DtetMMd fn
In .It 11,  TOM pllhi supply wliiil (UsjMtm Uofs 10
nsSe l» rsaaMft Tbg c;"" HMdHbt, Hbbiw tti*
!-;>i'- ntul il-iirlhr)C.iriHil«*lni.t-*tt»«rtli»uo.*mrtlin
Tits- Mrittter irrlpa dor mmk Tn eotitlnro m, me,
H'll iticiI r-mlilr) frtw, nr *,filll hot fi>r! *-. K-iM -nrfff
mii-i...     inISANKO MUD. Cu.. 1 IhIwl'^i..*.Ft*
If. P. N. II. No. 007-H, t. N. n. N.i HK4
il'v.'il use the Prtatun.*
IiK-uliiUrs e Broutler*.
Make moucy while
othcra are wasiin**
time hyulilpr'x••■sirs.
talalojjtells.ill Blmiit
tt .und descrihrs every
aMkleiiffitrdfur the,
poultry buslocH
mecliaoically the 1'-t
^wheel. 1-rettie^troo.U!.
9We are rantic CosM
Af*rnta. Dicvrte eat*>
logue.malled free .jtvsjsj
Bhahcb WOW, Ml a Mala St., i<h Aar l« I
• •
• •
Palmer & Rey Branch
Merchant!!   In   Gordon   and   I'cnlm
I'rcBue., Cylinder Presses, Paper
Cutter., Motor, ol all kinds,
Folders, Printing Material.
Patentees of Self-Spacing Type.
Sole Makers of Copper-Alloy Type
It chin* nMktifiwn hj rti'ritt'ii"»llk* •wmPfrMl-.n ,tAnm»
tiilrn*.til.li.n-t*»lMjri«Min. Idnfufrn IMHMJHMbV
Ina ur I'futrudinj film yield at ouro 10
/hloh ««ts difsetb oa parts sff-rt M. stmrtc lu m<n\ si-
Uji lUtirni
tji Itcbiof, ttTMUna a pfnninrnt c ■*.    Pnca is.
ihauisM ur bbaU. He. Baskuka, l'ullado.*Pa.
I'll iii.i).!. w.i Wflim.
spoksne.rliq h an.
- Nilnnv    nn.!     i.rMi
N-'t'cr KiiHw-t lo
M.m n,tn     (Hilni.,    iu
PMII,     Ml      Tl.-i.,,..    |>,
iti-if'1. -\. Uii |, 1 lil
•KOAttfl K--I. A Idrcss
iPm:i-«I    ll.-.-l.t       a   c.
Doiiaran,   '..ti.    Aal.
Pnruina.ur.iKo It*
_ »en». (len. Ai't.^vHiile
Wii-h. r.«. im-ii,(,fn. AKi..-,.ifc ti .Wm*|i. No
dtiKl; roek'hallnst ira<-k; rim- *c ..,n Miser
sleuptiiK ami dlnlna Btiai buffi t ttnmtj cars
fsrnlh luitrlstkleiiwrs; new .qnlpmrnt.
Par ■Kit- *t ■)• VfflM••'•• «"' «'»■!•■ hstila.
l i published ovory Friday evening, at tno oilio
KtngStreeJ, t'lovordaloi by
etiBaoTtiwioN ritii'E--(modollar per i'eari six
Muuths, llfty touts.
Transient Advertisements, tun cuius pet Hue
eaeti InuortHm.   Noupivet] moasuremont—
equal in twolve Uuos to theltioh,
Short notleos of lost, found, etc., ouu dollar for
throe iuburtioiiH.
Deuths, births, uml mttrrliigoi, fifty cents for
onu mum [mi.   Kree to suhtorlbore,
i\iiiiiiH'n:ini mlvertli-gmentj at greatly rodueoil
juices, which win ].!.■ inudo known (jihii>|jI1-
cutlon.  Quarterly oontraoti.
Ail.lru.v- all coimiinulcalloiui to
why  our fanners should not  be
able to lutltl up their ond under the
new conditions. In the long run,
outside competition will prove a
benefit, for the establishment of
our farms on that basis will be
permanent, and what has been
felt us a coming hardship will
have been left behind forever.
The tail-end nf the harvest yel I
remains lo be taken oaro of, but il
may truly lie suid tlmt tlie croii ot
British Columbia for 189S has
been gathered and will soon be
ready for market. In yield and
sample the return of grain is the
best produced in this country during recent years, the orop of fruit
has been prime, und roots and
vegetables are at least fully up to
the average. Our farmers arc to be
congratulated, therefore, upon the
results of their labors tliis season.
The next important consideration, and it is a very serious one,
■is the question of the probable
prices likely to rule for the various
marketable commodities of the
farm. It must be admitted that
the present outlook is by no means
cheering. At the very beginning of
the season tlie two staples of hay
and potatoes arc already selling at
bottom prices, and in other lines
dealers do not hesitate to say that
if quotations here aro not patis-
factory to them they will go abroad
for supplies. No one can blame
these dealers, especially in tlie present stage of business competition,
when tbe most careful buyer lias;
■all lie can attend to to make ends
meet, and when moreover it has
become a confirmed habit of all
classes of tbe community to buy
Where they can buy cheapest without regard to home interests.
It follows, then, that Britisli
Columbia farmers must make up
their minds to enter into competition with their fellows east
and south, and no longer seek
the higher prices which have heretofore ruled on this coast. The
Change comes suddenly, and all
too soon for many who are but
poorly prepared for it, but there is
loglo in the old saying that "what
Can't be cured must be endured-."    j
Tlie causes of tlie changed con- i
flition of the market on tliis coast
tire to be sought in tlie very thing;
that people have constantly clamor- J
cd for, and that is "progress," of
which we are now experiencing th*
hardest period. A few years ago the
population of li. C. was too small
to invite any considerable sliip-i
incuts of produce from the east,
while the territories south of usj
like ourselves, had none to spare.'
The few ranchers scattered over
•lie coast district, cultivating little
patches in the woods, anil supplying commodities not otherwise
available, could almost fix their
own price, and the income realized
supplemented by occasional jobs
(if teaming, mail making, etc., provided an easy livelihood. But
with the increase of population the
Country has outgrown tin- infantile
Stage, and her people are obliged
to take a long step up lo the front.
1'h.o fanner Is nol alone in having
his old methods amended) for the
population of B. Oi is now large
enough to engage active competition in every line of trade ami
Industry. The remedy is In take
the bull by Ibe horns, accept the
new conditions! and valiantly endeavor lo be i-ipial to them. The
tlvc-acre  patches  are no longer of
nny use, and the old employments
scattered amongst many are scarcely appreciated,   The rancher must
iniike up bis mind to look at home
for employment, and to farm extensively enough to insure a living
Income at prices current, .Mean-
lime, however, be has the advantage
bf the cost of freight from
Ihe east, nnd of freight and duty
ft'bin the south. The home-grown
'Itpply of produce la not yet by
Uny means in excess of the home
8Krflltnd|   and   there  i. nn reason.
It looks as though the abolition
of Catholic schools in Manitoba
would prove to be of inestimable
benefit to the Catholic population
of Canada. From their very organization it was well known that
tho Catholic schools of Manitoba
were conducted with marked Inefficiency, but it was hardly suspected that the same Inefficiency
was and is a characteristic quality
of the Catholic schools of Ontario and Quebec Late investigations, no doubt inspired by
the Manitoba school troubles, have
brought to light the fact that tho
great majority of Catholic schools
in eastern Canada are conducted
by incapable teachers, whose
method of teaching is an educational farce. The investigations have
been conducted by Catholic
authorities, so that sectarian
jealousy is in no Way responsible
for the surprising reports that have
been issued, showing the deplorable
condition of affairs that has long
existed. Tho complaint has been
made that under the Protestant
school system, children are being
educated beyond their station in
life, with a consequent tendency of
inducing them to shun labor as
something mean and degrading.
The length to which this may go
is a source of uneasiness to many,
but if the Catholics of the community are content that their
children should grow up in ignorance, then the solution is simple
indeed and the next generation of
Protestants will look to'the Catholic population for a supply of
hewers of wood and drawers of
We mentioned Inst week that we
had been making inquiries regarding certain matters connected with
apple culture, and that we would
this week submit to our readers
the substance of the information
obtained. We shall now proceed
to redeem that promise, preferring)
however to write in the first per-
soiij thus avoiding editorial formality. The following is submitted
with the understanding that it
hears only upon apple culture in
the Coast district, and it is to be
understood that the information
has been gathered from sources
that comprise the best fruit authority in this Province, on the strength
of which discussion is invited hy
competent men) by the Fruit
Growers' Association, or by the
Horticultural Board. The editor
now proceeds to write as an or-
churdist as follows :
At tho time I set out my little
orchard at Cloverdale 1 was, like
most people, but little acquainted
with the adaptability of special varieties of fruit to this climate and
soil, i selectedi for the most part,
varieties that hud been a joy to me
when 1 was younger than 1 am
now, nnd never doubted but thut
one variety would grow us well us
another. Of apples I set out it)
varieties und assisted them to grow.
Everything    went   satisfactorily
enough till the time of fruiting
i-iimci and theu something happened in a number of cases thut wus
not satisfactory, The finl break
wus iu the Traiisi-eiidunt und Yellow Siberinucrubs. .lustnboiit the
lime they should huve blossomed,
they blighted, scarcely any fruit
formed, the leuves mostly came off,
and the trees heeumc the ,vniwiliest
things imaginable, though thoy
kept on growing from the ends (if
the branches. This was the llrst
matter I set about investigating.
I chose the Transcondiiiit crab to
operate upon, and soon discovered
that all the neighbors around me
had hail the sniue experience with
this tree as I had, that il blighted
as had on the Jubilee Fruit Kiirm
at I.miner us with me, and that
Air. Sharpe was struggling with the
Mime difficulty on the experimental Kami ut Agnssiz. The liability
10 disease being settled, the next
move was to Hnd a remedy. After
due inquiry I have found u remedy
also, It is this: If the tree is
mall, dig it up nnd burn il ; if it is
large,top-graft wilh a more reliable
variety. Now: il is believed that
by persistently spraying this tree
Irilh    lite   *BM)e*lt*   mixture,   tt
I may be kept in bearing, though
I eveu thai is not certain at this
writing ;■ but it is agreed that it
would be a mistake to take all the
trouble and risk when another
crab, quite us good for commerce
und by many esteemed equal in
every way, may be grown with confidence and will yield reliable crops
of good clean fruit without any
special trouble at all, The name
of that preferable crab is the Ilys-
lop, and at this date it is the best
crab of them all for this const.
Others arc being tested ; the Hyslop
has been tested. While the foregoing criticism has been mainly of
the Transccndunt crab, it is intended to apply to all trees that are
subject to blight. Dig them up or
cut them off, and start fresh with a
variety that is known to be free
from blight; and on no account be
so silly as to set out a tree that has
proved a failure, if you know it.
I note that some of the local nurseries catalogue the Transcendant
as a desirable variety. It may be
in the Upper country ; it is not on
the coast, and local growers need to
look to it that they do not deceive
their customers after the manner
of the tramp tree agents.'
A little later iu the season my
apple trees made another break.
This time it was a black spot that
appeared upon the newly-formed
fruit of some of the varieties, twisting them sometimes nearly wrong-
end-to, and dwarfing the growth.
As a sample variety of apple tree
liable to this destructive disease, I
selected the Snow appHS (Fametise)
and investigated this matter along
with the blighting disease. The
information obtained is the same
in both cases. The best remedy
for the black spotting of the fruit
of the Fameuse tree, is to dig it up
or top gruft it. Tlie same holds
good of ull other varieties subject
to blnck spot, und the sooner one
frees his orchard of them the better.
There are, perhaps, a few varieties
of apple of so choice quality thut
one is willing to taken good deal of
extra trouble to grow some of them
even though they manifest u tendency to spot, nnd thnt is nil right
when u person deliberately undertakes the contract lo pleuse his
humor. But there is no money in
it while there ure ninny excellent
varieties, for home of market, thut
can readily he grown without extra
trouble and without risk. In regard lo the Snow apple) those who
should know assert tiiat, at best, it
is of inferior quality when grown
in tlie coast climate. The remarks
above in regard to nurserymen may
be understood us applying to the
sale of trees that grow spotty fruit.
Xo one likes to discover that he
hus purchased poor goods at full
price, und it does not help the
mutter uny to have to labor nnd
wait three to live years to muke
the discovery. By the way, in order that no local nurseryman may
he suddled with my mistakes, I
ought to say that I purchased my
trees from an Ontario nursery.
Now, lo hummer down what I
have detailed above let me put it
this way:
1. No one should plant nn apple
tree that is subject to blight, or
that grows fruit subject to black
2. Anyone who has «tlch trees
planted, should dig up or top-graft
without losing any more time,
labor or land.
i). Nurserymen should abolish
from their lists trees that ure
known to he unadaptetl to the
country ; or if necessary publish
two lists, one for the coast district
and the other for up-country.
For myself, having perfect faith
in the source from which I obtained the information here given, I
shall proceed next spring loregruft
the following Varieties: Transcen-
dant,8lbsrian and Gen>Grant crabs;
Fameuse und Twenty ounce apples;
Easter lleurre pear.    I shall  abide
with Ihe Qravensteln apple because
I consider it worth a struggle,
It will   be in order now to consider what nre the best Varieties to
plant for market,   This  is a large
question, and not lo betreuted wilh
the same conlldence al when dll<
cussing whnt not lo plant.    If I was
setting  out an   apple orchard today  from  my own  limited experience, whether one acre or twenty
iii-res, I  would plain  two Varieties
only, namely, Duchess of Olden-
j burg for early and Ontario for late.
Hut as it would never do to overlook the experience of ho qualified
!a mnn ns Mr. T. A. Shnrpc, of Ihe
' Experimental   Furm   at   Agnssiz.
who cultivates over 800 varieties nl
apple, I would bo guided by him
in lubstitullng Illusion Pippin for
Ontario. I would occupy the bulk
{of my land with tbe late variety,
because I lived nearly twenty years
in Manitoba ami I know tbat It is
apples thai will keep that the
1 people (here want.
At the late farmers' convention
I at Agassis, Mr. Sharpe recommend*
led four varieties of apple that in
his judgment had been sullicicnlly
lestcd in this climate.   They were :
i Yellow Transparent) DflontM ol
Oldenburg, Wealthy, and Illusion
Pippin. Trees of these varieties
may be set out with perfect confidence. They will commence to
bear early, yield constantly, and
neither blight nor spot. They arc
all of excellent quality in their
season. Tlie Yellow Transparent,
ripens in the fore part of August,
and is u poor keeper, consequently
not a desirable variety to grow in
Lastly, an investigation of the
most desirable season to plant fruit
trees, goes to show thut the spring
is the best. Tho ground should be
thoroughly prepared in the full,
the trees ordered, and everything
in readiness to proceed with the setting out ns soon ns the trees arc to
hand in the spring.
In the above I huve been (renting of fruit mutters upon information gained from others by private
inquiry. Points were nt. issue tbut
greatly concerned me ns a fruitgrower, and no doubt greatly concerned many others, and it seemed
to me that tho time had arrived in
this province when these issues
should be determined. You have
the result. Other matters w'ere
subject of inquiry) but these ure
not pressing, und I nm disposed to
discuss them on my own responsibility upon occasion,
J. F. G,
Tut! Vancouver World says B.
C. fruit is being sold in that city
nt prices thnt scurecly leaves
margin enough to pny for nailing
the boxes together. Further, thnt
the C. P. It. tuxes the industry
$100 a car for shipment to the
North-west. The first calamity is
of course a consequence of the latter. And so all the money and
land of the Canadian people (hat
was so freely given to secure a
good servant in the Canadian
Pacific Railway, hus resulted only
in placing over us a tyrannical
master, who bleeds us, and bleeds
us, und bleeds us I
To Sunday Schools.
.Any mm wf-hfu;* tooxcluuitfe Sunday BoilOOl
I. I.r.trn'ii, ;■ t'li'i! mltlruai, HU twill taUiUtlt I'fts-
byterlnti tuudny uotiool. ciuvcrdiUo,
I'lir .Hiilc, two froo 1 mil -li onv,- mid ii yoked,
•oven your old workiui* oxvu, null broluu.
Uneau tor dish,
MUUUKtUliK lli.u.*i.
Hall's I'ruirfc.
I intend tn upi-ly for Itta trnusdr of tlie
i.iM.-.-t- ui tjinruy Hotel nittiiit.il i.t Miutii IVett*
(iiliiiiur to tiiu iir.mu ut Kiiii'! timiriro nod now
An.;. Utb i\>:>.
Black Currants.
Tlio underi-lf-nod has iuvcmI hundred younv
Muck Cumint bn-lios moro than lit* H nblu tu
not out, nml wilt iIIi-ioko nt thorn nt vory low
NiV- lu qiuiiilltli's in Mnl iMircliH-i.T. tt 1)1 tnlkU
|iotutova in IXtthtniC, Him*., t ntriint- nre tho
itiu-t rullnblcof nil trilli .■roil", nrnl tit i rcucut
iirlcei will nroduco ffiOO |>er ucrn if properly
ciiltlvtB.od. 3. K.tlAMlltAlTII.
Surrey Tlinoiolllc-",
johnson & Mckenzie
Choice Family Groceries & Provisions.
Uefl assorted  stuck  in  the City ut tlio most reasonable prices.
Goods tloUvorod to all parti ol tho Olt/i Whnrt'i nnd U'mlui, with qulok desniitoti und treo ol
uh \tno.   All orders by Dial) or tulo|>;<ono promptly nud carefully nttuudud tu.
Tolnjdiono 183.      P. 0. Box Ml. NKW WKSTMINBEBK, If. <-'.
APPLES--1 Year 10 cts., 2 Mrs 20 cts., Hears 30 cts, each,'
In   all   tlio   Luadliic   "Vcvilotioa.
Blank Currant0! Rhubarb) Hasp*. American BlackborrloB, oto., oto, oto,
Plnost ICngllsb Slraiyborriesi
APPLE   AND   I'lOAIi MTDCKS 1'OH (lUAl'TlNl!, *i por liundrod
Kurili Product) tiilcon lu dxohniigo lor Nurnory HtuL'k',
Clayton PoStolllco,
The Starr Hotel,
The table is Bilpplietl with thfl best tlio markbt afford1)-.   Tlio rooms nre
pleasant) comfortably fumisbed, and (bu \mb clean,    A good homd
Hotel for families while waiting to lorate.   Charges moderate,
Columbia Street, New Westminster
of every description in American
unit Italian Marl.le.
Bmtshi Pivi'.lMi, l.ihmtlnr mul New  Ilrmi»*
Mlk-lt tirmlttf.
ji -Kt <>( ni.it'T ni nml forkmnninto
Kiiiir.ivititf ol Iii»cri|'tiumii»p,:cinlty,
Al.KX. JI.YMll/rOK, Proprietor.
P. I). Ilox IU,
and Florist.
lll'Ki:S   110011  AMI SI'II.-KIIV:
00-1 Westminster Bond) Vancouver,]
Pi Oi AdilloM-MI- I'l '.»»Biil. V.BMBTflf 11. C
I Finn AcoUrhtttlsed slock of Treesn
Pldntl, Vines, Shrubs, RofW,
Bulbs, oto., etc.,
Growing on my own Grounds.
1   tnportprof ChlQfMand UpM MIIIm. axiIIm
'I..-1;.    I i ni end Oniiimoiitnl Ik in, ll'iiliiii'l
! Hull-, .U.
IVfilrr Hi nml Mnttufiiotirer of .U'rlrulturnl
Iroptiraontr- wo  lllffi nnd .Hii|t|»<t«i». iM-my
Pnfap*. .w..'.i.-iii. •.•.■I...'!-.
Agricultural  Association
At Cloverdale.
SEPTEMBER   25th,   1895,
It 14 confidently expected thai Iho Exhibition will bothemosl
successful of rVcenl years, nml nn iiuusiinlly line display of slock, grald
roots; fruit) etc.) Is anticipated'    \ cordial Invitation li extended w
j. r. gilii,
I    HlWMpMt QltAlO|M miilli'il ON rcffftpl «J
f-mr ml-lrcM.   Dot it nt mnY< nud kefp II fur
'lutanftlfttuos II win My font
Addreti, M. '. IIKNltY,
NKW WKSTMINSTSlli 11. i'.,
Choice young Hours and Sows ofi    ,,».,,., on'no    n.     -,
dfflertntogW "0(,AN ,!,{(>-' Proprietor*,
am. iTock Rtbi-Wnni*,        ^  ,
■ IihUt ''.(■.iis "ml tin-  ,vi,il<jr-i nrunltui.livu
IWIKS NOT AIvIN  FOR SACK.- »" (,b,1'",,«-
I'roiit Nttvi-t. fi|i|mx|t.i Un- Kerry Uiiniliij*,
Wrltoforwunli.flrcomonud lOOIIOOk. !   CONVBVANCKIIA NOTARY VVM.\v
fctloifAfl SHANNON,   ,   ! T   P. OALPIIAITH, Coinvyimccr A. SfllfllS


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