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Surrey Times 1895-04-05

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 J    iY{   tig
No. 1.
General Store, Cloverdale
And General Merchandise,
MAIN STREET, CLOVERDALE, (Corner McLlellan Road),
Goods nil fresh and of the choicest quality.   New stock constantly
arriving.   Prices down lo lowest notch, on the baill of "small profits
and ipuiuk returns."  §W Gtve us a trial.
Surrey Real Estate Agency.
Two tracts o( llmlicred land (of sale of) the Yale rotld for MO per
lure, in (|Uilntlt!es to suit purchasers.
A tract of Ulti acres adjoining ChrVerdult d» the south.
Two quarter sections east »( CloVerdale, in parcels to suit purchasers
A good dwelling house and acre ol land tinder' frWit trees in Cloverdale
Any of the above will lie arid on Small cash advance* and time to
Suit the purchaser.
JOHN MoMILLAN, CloVerd»le, B.C.
The Starr Hotel,
fcfiOVER HALE, Bi C:
The titbit is Supplied wltH (lie best the m«fk« affords.   The' room* lire'
pleasant, comfortably furnished, and the lied* clean,    A good ltome
Hotel for families while waiting (o locate.   Charges moderate'.-
bSbbj "-1 1 stasl—I isstfssssswJtM ^—-^ -**—
j. I* BREEN,
The Cloverdale Shoemaker,
ilitkes Boot* n'rfd Shoes" to order; And guWiintceV1 till work turned 6trt.'
tOr KepWfring promptly intended to Wi Wior't notice,
Cloverdale Blacksmith Shop,
fc>ii'ctie»i Blucltamith,' does light and heavy htn'c^mlthing of'Mfail&l
on ••hurt notice and at moderate rates.   Horseshoeing a spti'altyV
GOOD  &t'jM0g<? IS COlfc$E6TlON.
Th* ruuulsr biibioriptlou prluo ol this paper li
one dollar par your la ndvsiicc, but iunmnuoh
si iiwtiy rwopie la this part of the FuoyIuoj
hnvd kuttarod bus by pnyliiR lu uilvaiivo lo.
pipora that shortly coined to exist, wo will modi)
HiMtKKY Tihkh to any settlor hi DdUa Hiding
imd tsko our pay at tho oud ot ttio yosr, Or, wo
will send It to any addroii In tlio Province Itotu
now till lat January) Ihim, (or w ctr. lu advaiico.
Hkiik we are,
Goon Fuiiiay, a week from to-day.
Suuiiby Timkb from now till ltt
January, 1896, for 50 cents cash,
Monday waB All Fools Day.
There should have been a tremendous celebration.
Mas. F, Boyes, accompanied by
two children is visiting her parents
in Clover Valley, Mr, and Mrs. A
Miss. iNdt.ts of Tinehead, has been
visiting with Mrs. Mackenzie of
Clover Valley, and Mrs. Milton, of
Am, the Indications point to an
abundant crop of fruit In this locality this year if the weather proves
Missks Bertha Bowell and Mabel
Starr went to Westminster this
morning to attend a birthday party
at the residence of Mr, Grant,
It< the pastors of the Churches will
hand in to this office a statment of
the times of holding services, they
will be published free of Charge,
There has been an extra supply
of high winds during the past few
weeks. Not a great deal at a time,
but a good many times, and plenty
of energy.
Dvkino the week we have had a
number of visiters to congratulate
ub upon the establishment of Si;n-
bey Times. Ladies, too, the first of
whom were Mrs. Dr. Sutherland
and Mrs. A. Milton.
The Directors of Surrey Agricultural Society have authorised the
secretary) Mr: J. F. Galbraith, Clo:
verdalej to receive propositions for
the purchase of the Society's forty
acres on Hall's Prairie road) on the
basis of 110 an acre.
A.N official of the postal department visited Cloverdale on Tuesday,
his business being to Organise a
money order office Iri connection
with the poet office here. The ar^
ra'ngements were satisfactorily com1
pleted) and Cloverdale has nbw a
money order office,
Some bf the eitlzftift of ihiN municipality were called to attend court
at Westminster this week) in the
Case of SUrrey it. Henry Davis re.
dyking tax. We note Reeve Armstrong) Clerk Richmond) Assessor
McLennan, Collector CarncroSB and
ex-Collector McMillan.
The auction sale on Sillurday
last bf the stock ami effects of Mrs.
B. Bonk, four milks east of here,
was very successful) and goitft prices
wtre realized all round. M rs Boak
has leased hetfitrm for a term «f
Ave* y*ars, and goes back tH her did
home in Ontario:
Reeve Armstrong was in tdwn
on Thursday dhd received an order
of ftnfc fruit trees from G. Wi Henry) of Hatzic) through Mr. McMillan of this place. Mr. Armstrong
ha* Shown considerable enterprise
in setting oat fruit trees; which no
doubt will prove a source of considerable profit to him in a few years.
At the last meeting of the board
Of directors of Surrey Agricultural
Society, all officers were requested
to use their personal efforts' to secure all the Special prize's possible
for the fall exhibition, and to report
at next meeting bf the board, which
is Called for the last Thursday iri;
April; It is id be hoped that -they
Will foil up if good list.
Mb. Tuofe Shannon returned
irWm' Victoria on Wednesday. He
went to the Provincial capital to
look up sp&irlcations t for a Dominion GbvSrnment contract ftff
(he' construction of 60 niiles of n§w"
telegraph fine from Htft Creek to
Lillooet; fmfi the rejiewal of the
tine1 from.Asncroft to Hat Creek) 26
miles. The tenders are to be opened to-morrow. It b to be Hoped
neighbor Shannon will get the
Dh. A.' A. SitTiiEniAND,wHq came
Here a month ago, to practice;his
profesffon; under arrangement With
..   -      ..' ,He has
Arranged! with MfV FfBhor,' ot Westminster/for thetmrchase of a hoft'se
and acre';of orefmrd In Cloverdale,
A medical man1 was badly needed
here, and' Dr.' Sutherland suits well
and is a Welcome addition to the
Bomb little office requisites not yet
to hand affect the appearance of this
issue of Suhuky Times,
The members of tho choir of
ChriBt Church, Survey Centre, uro
engaged in special pratideg for the
Easter services.
Mr. Jos. 0avhiis,wc11 and favorably known here, bus purchased 60
acres of land at the corner of the
Yale and Coast Meridian roads,iind
is going into fruit culture, a business in which ho has httfl a largo experience.
Mr, W.J, IIoiiinson, one of the
town proprietors of Cloverdale, has
leased his farm to Captain Lefroy,
late of Port Kells. While awaiting
the completion oi Mr. Robinson's
fine house, Captain Lefmy has located his family Iu Cloverdale;
Mr. John McMillan a couple of
WeekB ago exchanged his property
here, consisting of a house and one
acre of orchard, for (to acres of land
near the crossing of the Yale and
Coast Meridian roads. Mr, Fisher,
of Westminster, was the other party
to the exchange',
The Conflict between the h#at of
the Japan stream flowing down the
coaBt, and the Srtow capped mountains of the interior, goes on apace.
Eventually the Japan stream will
win, and the mountains will lose
tneif hoary heAds. The struggle
causeB the sky to Weep copiously.
It Was Mr. Chris. Brown who
gave it as his opinion that Cloverdale wits a more flourishing place
than the neighboring cities, seeing
that there were not so many empty
houses. At that time there were a
few vacant buildings here, but now
every house and shack is occupied:
Our old neighbors, Messrs.
Frank and Tomas Boyes, who re;
movSd to Delta a year ago, where
they had leased li large farm, were
not as! successful as they anticipated)
and have retired from the business.
Frank has taken a position at Liverpool; and ThOmns reckons to try
While on a business trip to Portland) Oregani early in March, the
editor of this paper took speotal
ribtibe Of two things. First, vegetation Was fully as far advanced here1
as at Portland, three degreeB furthef
soutH; Secondly, the hard timed
are A good deal harder with onr
neighbors than with oursleves.
ToWSMAN R. B. Hill has been suf;
ferltig the paSt ten days with oh
attack of la grip. It did not help
him itny to receive a message from
the falhily. home in Portage la Prai;
rie stating that his wife was very
ill and urging him to return at
once) which) however) he was not
in condition to do. Mr. Hill had
the sympathy Of the Community:
THe fine winter ond delightful
Weather.of early spring induced the
belief that farmers would be favored
with an unusually early and favorable seeding time. About equiribc-
tial time, however; wet and stbtmy
weather Bet in and has continued
almost ever since. The farmers
have done no seeding, and even with
good we'firter nbW, the seasbn will
lie late.
Mr. Connelly, who solne time
since purchased 100 acre? of blhd
on the Coast Meridian r'.iad near
Surrey Centre from Mr. .1: McClelland, Wfmpleted the transaction
yestefuity, and is now iri possession
with His family. Mr. McClelland
retilln'S 100 acres alongside upon
which he has just completed a neW
house Ih which his fiitnily is norf
The Royal City Mills and the
GreiU Northern Railway have failed
to come to an agreement for the
Carriage of logs; arid Ifi consequence
the Royal City Cttnip in Surrey is
to lie abandoned: The cattle hrtve
Ween sent away) ttnd the logging
track, and othSr apparatus are being
removed. THI6 is ii matter of general regret, A4 the* tiafclp had become
an institution; of Surrey, and besides providing (t hiarket for a considerable qttKntity of produce, mrtny
of the employees were much esteemed
in the neighborhood,
' Thb siijlto fjttrre^' Municipality
vs. Henry DaVis,' for dyking taxes,
came tfj) for hearing before his
honor JudgS ftole' on Wednesday
afternoon of this we*fc.' The Evidence, was taken but ho decision
wob rea'ch^d/ as Hie Hor|br ordered
argument in Chambers at a later
date,' after wjrilch judgment will be
rendfr*d. No onlf present at the
hearing se*med to he able to form
any 4efMt* opinion In regard to
what jhe fjnaldecision would be, a-
the case1.!resolved itself Upon legal
technicalities. Thff final judgment
will M awaited with' considerable
Tun merchants of Westminster
undoubtedly do more business with
the farmers of Survey than of any
other agricultural district in the
Province. Almost the wholo trade
of Surrey goes to Westminster. It
follows that the merchants of that
city Bhould be desiroUB of reaching
people bore. Wo modestly suggeBt
that an advertisement in Surrey
Times is the vory best means available. Our circulation in Surrey is
larger than that of all other papers
of the Province combined, while we
have a very respectable mailing list
for Delta and Langley. Next week
a representative of this journal will
call upon Westminster business
Herkai'tkh Surrey Times Will lie
mailed in time to reach our Langley
and Delta subscribers every Saturday. This week we misBed the
mail by a couple of hottrB,
Yesterday the mountains acrosB
tho Fmser were whiter, and the
snow reached farther down, than at
any time during the past winter,
About now is the time all industrious hens should be geting down
to business for the Easter egg market
The weather continues cdld and
backward. The last two nights
have been slightly frosty.
The Surrey Court of Revision is
called for May ll) at 10 o'clock a, m.
surmY codnch.
Council met dh Saturday, 30th
March, at 1 o'clock p. m. Members all present:
Minutes of previous meeting
read and confirmed.
Communications frbtrt the follow'
ing were read and disposed of!
It: K. Anderson) re: taxes:
W. F. Stein) enclosing report of
his audit.
Wm. Gray( asking that the Pike
road be extended id intersect the
Hjorth road.—Referred to Council1
lor Burnett.
W. G. Johnston, rei refund from
lax sale, 189(1.
G. W. Cannj comploining hf the
§reat amount of water alibwfed to
ow down the Clover. Vall»y road
ditch, to the detriment of his drainage.—Laid over.
J. F. Galbraith)advising Council
that hv is itow ready to execute
udverti <ihg brders) and that Surrey1
Times will appear on April 5th.
A. J: Hill, re: the making of
Mr. Huntley appeared before the
Council stating that seven year*
ago he carhe herfe and settled and
was then worth #10)000) but owihg
to his not being able to get a bridge
over the river and having no road)
he was not now wbrth above the
half of that sum) and earnestly
urged the Council to assist him.'- '•
Coun; Hardy said he wail wbrkiHg
on this matter ribw;
The petition of E. Odium and
others for a road leading eastward
from the Lattimtir road wa§ not entertained.
A petition from Mr: Colliiihaw
and others) for gravelling the Coast
Meridian road eolith from the NiHl:
mekl river was grttrlted, tenders to1
be in at next meeting of Conhcil.
A petition for thb extension of
the Manson road was referred tb
Coun. Burnett.
The tender of R. McClintoti wtis
accepted fbr work on the* Clover
ValWy road smith of Clovifdale.
Tenders wfrt called for the grav;
elling and replacing of thb cbrdu:
rby on the Clover Valley toad South
if the Yule road. .
Tenders were called for the1 cut:
ting and grading of ttif) Campbell
river road:
On motion the following re>blU:
tiou was passed:
Whereas the Surrey Municipal
Council laid an indictment against
one E. T. Wade for obtaining money by fraud and embezzling the
same, said charge being upheld and
the prisoner remanded, bail Wing
required, but through the laxity of
the presiding magistrate and thro'
the unwarrantable presumption of
I the pvisonev's cbunsel in verbally
i agreeing to produce the prisoner;
I bail was not enforced in the" regular manner; and whereas on the
day set for further bearing of the
charge) the accused was not tb be
found, and no bail having be«n enforced the law was thereby set iri
contempt: ■   .      .
j Therefore be it resolved, that the
i circumstances of the case be laid
before the Hon. tbe Attorney-Gen-
j eral with a strong protest against
the action of the magistrate, a firm
demand being made that such steps
lie taken as will prevent a recur-,
rence of such gross laxity and mi<r
carriage of justice in those who Are
appointed and paid to uphold the
majesty of the law.
: On motion the Collector- Was or-
SiiiS to make: out  ii complete list
of all parties and lands in arrears
of taxes and liable to be sold at ta t
sale, by the 27th day of April. Any
one paying hefove that time may
Buve,the cost of advertising.
Oii motion the Court of llevision
was set for Saturday, May IIth, at
10 a. in.
On motion the Clerk to notify all
parties concerned in the dispute n
an apportionment of $25 on tho
Coast Meridian road north of the
Yale road (in 1893), that the mutter will be settled by the Council at
next meeting, Saturday, April l">.
Messrs.Churchland and Boseappeared before the Council in the interest of parties owning land along
the Serpentine flats, stating that
they were ready to go on and put
in flood gateB in the river, so as to
enable them to use their lands, by
securing the Government grant of
♦2,500. if the Council would grant
them $1,000 more. It was represented that this would be a great
lienefit to the roads crossing the
flats, and further, unless the high
tides were kept out the lands would
have to be abandoned as worthless
which would throw the whole of
the dyking tax upon the rest of
the municipality, ahil therefore it
was greatly to the interest of the
whole municipality to keep these
lands taxable. They did not want
an answer to-day, but would wait
until next meeting of the Council,
as they believed there was a stronj:
feeling in favor of assisting this
work:--On motion the matter wan
laid over to enable the Councillors
to get the views of most of those
The fblloWing cheques were issued I
K. Wolfendftn) S37:50 ; F. Jack-
eon( *20i30; A. il: PeUindri^.
♦4.95; Commercial Printing Company, 112; J. C: McLellan: l»;G.
Flggi H-i; A-. A: Richmond) WifiOj
W. F. Stein, M0; G. A. WelbottrM
♦50; J. Armstrong) till R.Mi-<lin-
toni $8 ; M. Elchinko, 12.26 ; A.
Adamsoni ♦5:25 ; Wi G. Johnston
♦13.28; E. Mi Carnctoss, ♦Hi.
Council will mee't again on Sat
urdayi Ktth At»ril, at 1 p. m
Sumy AgMnl taty.
A meeting of the Wiard of Dirt* ■
tbfs of Surrey Agricultuaal Society
was held at Cloverdale: March 'till.
President Moggridge in the chair
Thb object of the meeting was U
take action in regard to thl» on>r ol
Mr: W. J; Robinson of a frse granr
to the Society Wr exhibition pur'
Secretary Galbraith reported that
Mr. Robinlomon being intbrvieweii
had proposed tb grant a piece eJ
land with a frontage; of SI rods on
the Clover Valley road arid rtmninu
back 160 rods) provided the Society
would bind itself to construct ■
show track and erect buildinii-'
Thb prbpbsltibn was discussed
but not approved ofl and on mo"
lion Messrs. Hrebn, Galbraith, ami
J. C: Murphj^ wbre appointed I
committee to wail upon Mr. Robin'
son and obtain irom him thb best.
possible offer, thb committee U
have power to agree to the erection
bf buildings, etc.) subject to the uc-
ebptuner1 bf the offer by the Society-
Other business was thefi proceeded with:
Presitll'ht Moggridge made an
offer, if fitur others would do likewise; to takba life ticket from the
Society) thb $5t| thus rbuliz»d to I*
lipplifed ft retiring note now in the
j biink.
j The Secretary" was Instructed to
post  hbtiefeS    FHutlonlrlg   parties'
! ligHinst cutting . timber on the So-
Sftty'l land Hn Hall's Prairib road'
|.   On motion the Secretary was au
ilhorisbd to dispose of timber on
klmve land at thb rlttb of tS per
ucrb or ^1 pCr trfeftj or to receive
propositions fbt the Absolute sale of
the. land, including timber, at ♦IU
per,acre. .
It was agreed that the officers of
j the Society should use their indi-'
vidUal efforts in securing special
prizes and in the .sale of member-'
ship tickets; and to accomplish all
tliby could before next meeting,'
vfhen the prize liSt will b* revised:
Meeting thin adjourned to meet
i rfgain at th* Starr Hotel on the las'
Thursday in April, at i.30 p: m.
The . bddfellows of Cloverdale!
inc"et itvery Fridov evening; in their
tine Hall on Mairi street; Th?
Lodge is a strong one.	
AMD .liiwni.sv RKfAlBINO,'
i   - i •.
Mnila US b«t Mdu ibJ villi eiiptici
A Story of What Might Have lleen Among
Old Time Senators.
Tlio lutfi Judgo L. Q. C. Lamar poH
tossed it remarkable peculiarity. Un
nsual oxoitomout soonicd to not upon bin
norves liko mi opiate mid put him to
Bloop. This wuh strongly oxempliiiod
nfttir his rumnrkiiblo verbal encounter
with tlio groat Now Yorker, Mr. Conkling. Mr. Liuimr, uftor scarifying Mr.
Conkling for lifo, leuvlng him with
burning yot doforoutiul resentment,
cloned iiH follows:
"I apologizo to tho Hfimtn for thin
Kfi'iniiiK unparliamentary luugungo"
(advancing to thu Now Yorker and
throwing his index flngor full hi IiIh
(ooo), "language that no man, good
man, deaorvos, and no bravo mini will
wenr." Iniiiiediatoly Mr. Lanmrwalkod
to tho cloakroom on tlio Democratic Hido,
lay down on it Hota, and in throo minutes woe sleeping as oahnly as a babo.
Thoro waa great oxcitomont. It was Ira-
liovcd Mr. Conkling would not submit
to tlio luugniigo applied to him, and
that, while, lie probably would not ohnl*
lougo Lamar, being an athlete, ho would
moot Itim on the streets and assault him.
Tho lato Senator Zeb Vance, a Hnrculos
in stature, who was devoted to Mr. Lamar, without the knowledge of that gentleman or of any other human being,
shadowed Mr. Lamar for noma days, explaining afterward that if Goukling ever
struck Lamar ho intended to beat him
to death. Mr. Vance, however, did not
know what those intimately acquainted
with Mr. Lamar know. In all probability Mr. Lamar could have whipped
them both. Ho prided himself upon his
muscle and has often said to the writer,
"I believe I am better fitted for a prize
fighter than I am for a senator." It was
appretiended by somo that Conkling
would challenge, Mr. Lamar. Conkling
was known to bo an expert with the
short sword, Mr. Lamar said afterward
to an intimate friend in diseussing tbe
matter, "If Mr. Conkling had sent me
a challenge, I should have chosen short
"Why, Mr. Lamar," replied his
friend, "Conkling is an export with the
short sword."
"I know that," replied the senator,
"but I took somo lessons with tlio abort
sword myself when I was in Paris the
time that I was sent by tho Confederacy
on a mission to Russia."
"Why, senator," the friend replied,
' 'you have not had a short sword in
your hand in 20 years."
"I know that," coolly replied the
senator, "butlshould have chosen short
swords."—New Orleans Picayune.
A Story of m Busslan Novelist.
Turgenieff onco asked the famous
critic, Bclinsky, and five others to dine
with him at his home in tho country,
where he kept a famous chef.
"I will prepare such a banquet for you
as you have never imagined," be declared, and he not only fixed the day,
but insisted upon each person's giving
his word of honor that he would be
"Don't fear for us," said Bclinsky.
"We shall be there, but you must not
repeat the trick you played us last win*
tcr, when you asked us to dine and wort
not at home when we arrived. In order
to remind you I will write to you the
day before."
On the appointed day—a very hot day
—the party set out for the country house
In the morning and arrived thoroughly
fatigued by heat and dust. But no host
appeared to welcome them. Tbe house
was deserted. Repeated knocking at the
door was answered by silence.
"Can Turgcnicff have repeated last
winter's trick?" e.\daimed Belinsky. Bis
friends tried to persuade him that they
had arrived curlier than they were expected.
"But I wrote him that wo would be
here at 1 o'clock," said Belinsky. "What
can it mean? If they would only admit us, we could wait, but here we are
scorched I"
At length a boy appeared who con*
fussed that his muster was away and
that tho chef was ut an inn in tho neighborhood. Ho was dispatched for the
chef, and the party waited, hungry and
cross, until ho made his appearance.
"Where is your master?" cried Belinsky.
The cook did not know.
"Did ho not order a dinner for us today?"
"Ho did nothing of tho kind," was the
"Well," said Belinsky when ho was
composed onough to express un opinion,
"he has indeed given us an unusual sort
of banquet!"—"Russiau Characteristics."
A lilt of Iron In a Tree.
A year or two ago a vicious fellow near
Bangor drove a spike into a snwlog and In
this way smashed up a mill saw to spite
the owner. But a recent happening at
Wellond, Out., shows that such substances
may get into logs without being put there
for spite. A mill saw struck an oxshoe.
Imbedded in n timber about four inches
from the surface. How it came there is a
puzzle, for it had grown into the wood. An
owner of the land where the tree grew remembers that way back in the thirties
some lumbering was done there in which
oxen shod with Iron were used, but none
Bincu then. It is believed the shoe was laid
up on a limb close to the trunk and the
tree in growing took it in.—Lewiston Journal.  ____
Tho First Test of the Air Pump,
The first public test of tho air pump was
In 1054 by its inventor, Otto von Guericke,
in the presence of Emperor Ferdinand of
Germany. Guericke applied the carefully ,
ground edges of metallic hemispheres, 9 I
feet in diumeter, to each other. After exhausting the air by hiB apparatus he at-1
tacheil 15 horses to each hemisphere. In
vain did they attempt to separate them, because of the enormous pressure of the atmosphere. The experiment was a great
success.—Exchange. ... *
Dow He Rid Hit Sifter or the Attention
of an Obnoxious Suitor.
According to an old copy of the Louisville Courier-Journal, Tom Corwln of Ohio
In his younger days used to tell the following story;
In early life—so early that 1 cannot remember the removal—my father pulled up
stakes, and carrying with him the household goods went from Bourbon county,
Ky„ where I was born, to Ohio. Notwithstanding u rough and tumble struggle with
the world, 1 had a hard time to get on
owing to a numerous and rapidly Increasing family Well, family matters had not
much improved when I reached my thirteenth or fourteenth year I
At this time there lived In the neighborhood a young man named Pickering. He
had Inherited a well slocked farm, was
good looking and made a strong profession
of religion, Tins latturqmilillcatlon caused
Mm lo (1ml peculiar favor ia thoeyes of my
father, who always was blinded by professions of extra piety,
This fellow had a strong hankering after
mm of my sisters, who mis a very pretty
girl. To her he was peculiarly distasteful.
Shu always seemed annoyed at his presence. Yet he was ever at her side. She
dared not dismiss him entirely for fear of
the paternal minor, Things went on this
way for a year or two, and as I partook
largely of my sister's hatred of him I resolved to get rid of him in some way. least
about some time for a plan, but nothing
gave mo tho slightest hope of being successful.
At last, returning home late one summer
night from tbe mill, I found the family at
their nightly devotions. Passing by the
windows of the room In which they were
assembled, I saw that Pickering was there,
and pretty soon discovered that he was
nodding, and finally his head dropped.
Now was my opportunity. I stole slyly Into
the hall, and reaching the hall door, which
was slightly ajar and close by which Pickering was "on bended knee," 1 reached
In and quickly pullinghischalrfromunder
him, he rolled heavily, as a sound sleeper
would, upon the floor. The noise alarmed
all. The old gentleman stopped In the
midst of his almost Interminable prayer
and saw the position of Pickering. All the
family laughed outright; even my mother
Pickering endeavored to pick himself up
as rapidly as possible, but he had touched
the old man upon his tender point. It was
evident, from his rubbing his eyes, that he
had slept under the old gentleman's ministrations, and had not my father a reputation far and wide for the strength and
fervency of his ministrations, and was not
Pickering his professing brother? Slowly,
yet most dlgnifledly.did the old gentleman
approach him. "Begone, hypocrite!" he
cried in thundering tones. "Never enter
my house again."
Pickering was thunderstruck. He felt
that be could make no apology which
would not add to the insult. He had no
suspicion of the extra force which had aided
him in his fall. He at once found his hat,
took up his line of march, and completely
crestfallen passed by me as I stood in the
shadow of the porch.
At a suitable time I entered and got my
supper, was told by my brother In hurried
whispers what had happened, and then I
stole off to bed, affecting ignorance, and
laughing most heartily as I ensconced myself between the sheets at the complete success of my plan. Next day I cautiously Imparted my secret to my sister. She waa In
her own room at the time, and threw her
self upon tbe bed and rolled In agonies and
convulsions of laughter. She had been
emancipated forever from an obnoxious
lover. The old gentleman did not hear the
real state of the facts for fully 20 years, but
when he did he laughed heartily.
The Real Inventor of the Bicycle.
"Tbe popular belief Is that the bicycle Is
a modern invention, when in fact it really
dates back to the seventeenth century,"
said Dr. T. C. Minor. "I learned this one
day when I was making some translations
from The Journal de Medicine de Paris.
Ozaram In 1004 In his 'Mathematical and
Physical Recreations,'tells of a carriage,
as he calls It, 'in which one can ride without
the use of horses.' And then he goes on to
tell of how a lackey sits at the back, makes
It run by 'walking alternately with his two
feet by means of two small wheels concealed In a case just between the wheels
behind and attached to the axle of tbe carriage.' This was the principle of the velocipede, so much improved since then. But
the priority of the discovery of the bicycle
I believe to be established without further
argument or dispute,
"It was by a physician, Ell Richard, a
young physician of Rochelle, France, who
made the first machine after which our
modern bicycle Is patterned. He was a
medical student in Paris in 1666 and became one of the great physicians of Franca
He died at the age of 61 at Rochelle in 1706,
and there Is a street in Rochelle named for
him, and there Is now a movement on foot
to erect a bronze statue, not to Michaud,
who It is claimed was tbe discoverer of the
bicycle, but to the true discoverer, Dr. Ell
Richard."—Cincinnati Star.
Profanity Going Out.
The profanity habit is dying out It was,
within the memory of those who do not
like to think themselves old, very common.
I have heard, on what I am sure is trustworthy authority, of a clergyman of the
last generation who, summoned to breakfast while at his morning devotions, turned
upon the unfortunate messenger with the
exclamation: " youl How dare you Interrupt my prayers!" Much less extreme
instances are known to many of us which
would he simply impossible. Are we becoming more piousf
That Is not the general impression. Ia
the liber of the race softening* That la often maintained, but I do not think successfully. The civil war Is there to disprove it for Americans at least. Or are we
as French men and women did long ago
learning more adequately to master the resources of our own tongue and becoming
independent of this crude and rather stupid,
to call It nothing worse, device'—Century.
A Carious Point of Philology.
It has been found In the case of primitive
river names In the old world that a syllable
meaning water occurs once at least and In
many Instances several times In the same
name. From this philologists have been
able to trace successive conquests as each
conquering tribe added its own name for
water or river to the syllables already forming the names of streams within the conquered district. Tbe same thing has happened In this country, as the whites have
tacked the word river to many Indian
names already including the word.—Exchange,	
A Serious Warning.
Householder (collaring burglar)—What
are you doing In my house"
Uur«lar—Hush! I'm walkln in myslcep,
guv'nor. Don't wake me of a suddint, or it
might be the death o' me I—Exchange.
The Water Trick,
The trick I will explain calls for two
glasses, one of which must have water
in it. Put the one containing the water
at your left hand and cover it with a
piece of cardboard. Beside it, at your
right hand, Is an empty glass just like
the first one in shape and size. You now
invite somo person on your side of tho
table to make tho water glass appear on
the right and tho empty one on the left
without touching or moving either glass
or allowing any one else to do so. After
they have given up this problem you
hold your hands near the glasses to show
that the water is on the loft, and by
simply passing around the table and facing the glasses from that side you have
the water on your right. This is simple
and easy, but it will cause a laugh. Big
bets have been won and lost on more
trivial tricks than this little one.
Princess and Little Roy.
A fellow gnest at the Savoy with the
Princess Kulalio tells of tho satisfactory
achievement of the full measure of ono
small boy's ambition. The little follow
greatly admired tho Spanish woman,
but always at a distance until one day
he took his place nt tho end of the corridor leading from her rooms with tho
avowed intention of ut least waving his
hands as she passed. When his patience
was finally rewarded by her approach,
the child's speaking face at once arrested
tbe infanta's attention.
Stopping, she said, reaching out to
her delighted admirer: "What a dear little boy! I must have a kiss!" and she
got it at once, with a hug thrown in, an
enthusiasm which so pleased the royal
woman that she asked the name and
residence of the young hero. Finding
ho was living in the hotel, ut her next
leisuro she sent an invitation to his parents to come with him to her apartments, whero they were received with
great cordiality and the small boy petted by the child loving princess to his
heart's content.—New York Times.
In the Dollrooni.
I'm going out a little while.
And you must nronilao, Dolly,
To sit as quiet as a mouse,
And not go romping o'er the house
With pussy cat and Polly,
For pussy's claws are very sharp.
And they are euro to scratch you,
Or If you get In Polly's reach
She'll give an awful, awful screech,
And with her beak she'll catch you.
And don't go musBlng up your tilings
Or gut your dress In creases;
Don't put your hands up to your hat;
Your bangs are loose—remember that—
And they may come to pieces.
Don't pull the buttons off your shoes
Or laugh when Polly chatters;
You mustn't mind her talk a bit.
But only shut your eyes and sit
And think of other matters.
And promise, Dolly, not to pout,
It makes you look so simple,
For uvery time you frown, you know.
It makes tho horrid wrinkles grow
And spoils your pretty dimple.
You'd better go to sleep, for then
I'll have no cause to scold you.
By by, my dear—now try and see
How good you really can be—
•   Remember what 1 told you.
- u. M. Snyder.
Rather Sour For a Little Girl.
Midget was such a very busy little
person that sho could never see anything
lying on the table in her reach without
handling and sometimes tasting it. One
day her mother had left an open package of lump alum on the table, and no
sooner did she tnrn her back when
Midget pat a large lump in her mouth.
When her mother turned around, the
little girl said, with a very wry face,
"That is awfnl sour ice, mamma."—
Youth's Companion.
The Real True Way to Catch Bullfrog-,.
When we were at Chattanooga, we
learned how to catch bullfrogs where
they inhabit ponds. Just take a light
and wade in around the edge after dark,
and they will sit on the edge and look at
the light until some one on the bank can
catch them. Mr. Saunders, near Ringgold, was tho man to try it, and he
caught 86 tho first night.—Walker
County (Ga.) Messenger.
A llato In the Woods.
A little daughter of blacksmith Oros*
senbacher, who lives on North Fourth
street, Plattsmouth, Neb., strayed away
from its home during the recent storm.
Tho neighbors turned out, and for several hours were engaged in a fruitless
search for tho missing girl. Officers
Fitzpatrick and Black didn't give up as
easily as the others, and finally succeed-
<sl in finding the little one asleep under
some brash in a thickly wooded ravine,
leas than two blocks from the home.
This was after midnight, and the child
was soaked from head to foot with the
rain. The strango part of the proceedings was that the parents gave up the
search and retired for the night long before the officer! found the child.
Doing th. World', lulr With Comfort. I
Colonel William K. Nelson, proprietor
of the Kansas City Star, came to town I
last Wednesday morning ana proceeded
at onco to do the World's fair. He has
very distinct and, we will add, very
proper notions as to personal comfort-
theories justified in his case by an avoirdupois that demands and exacts consideration. The first object that caught the
colonel's eyo and awakened his enthusiasm upon entering Juckson park was one
of those miniature steam launches which
fily a piratical trade upon tho meander-
ng waters thereabouts, and down into
that particular craft went tho colonel,
and upon a comfortable cushion sato ho
him down, and unto tho merry mariner
ho quoth: "Waft me, oh, gentle boatman, o'er the bounding billow and keep
well in tho shade, for my pores are open,
my collar droops and I fain would bo
The boat In which Colonel Nelson cm-
barked was tho Birdie, having an official
draft, as her license indicated, of two
feet, but for the six hours during which
the colonel compressed that cushion tho
Birdie for tho first time in her seafaring
career drew a draft of seven feet nnd ran
the risk of shipping wnter overy time a
tack or a turn was made, From tins
point of view tho colonel did tho Manufactures, the Fine Arts, the Mining and
the Transportation buildings. Subsequently he viewed Midway plaisanuo
from a sedan chair borne by four sweating slaves, and when he got ready to return to the Wlndemore hotel ho did so
in a wheel chair.
Yesterday Colonel Nelson resumed operations, and last evening ho was wondering why so many people complained
of being tirel. His experience convinces
him that the World's fair can bo dime
without fatigue, provided one goes about
it in a sensible way.—Chicago News-
Gun. Not Naedml In Huminnr.
Thore is neither need for nor sense in
taking gun or rifle into the woods at
season when the law forbids its use upon
birds and animals certain to be seen.
Many an otherwise honest camper has become a law breaker simply becauso a
gun or rifio was within easy reach at tho
wrong moment. Take all the fishing
tackle you may desire, but leave the firearms at home until tho proper time for
them arrives. "Bnt we might seo a bearl"
a camper exclaims. Well, suppose you
do seo a bear? It won't hurt yon, and
you won't seo it long after it sees yon,
Nor is there glory of much worth in killing a summer bear in poor coat and of no
earthly use. "But we might see a-
Yes, exactly! I'll finish it for you. The
word was stopped just in time.
The fact is, you might see a moose or
a caribou, or a deer or grouse, or duck or
any one of the animals or birds which
the law of the land, of honor and of common sense forbids you to meddle with
for a reasonable time. And, furthermore, my friend, if you should see one of
these creatnres you'd promptly try to
"plug it," and that is precisely what yon
have no business to do. "Lead us not
into temptation" is good, and "Don't
lead yourself into temptation" has also
certain merit of its own. so why not
make a sure thing of it by leaving the
tempters behind so they can't tempt you?
An English Observer In Chicago.
It is only in the far west probably
that the old race of spitters keep up the
best practice. In the cities, at any rate,
you seldom see men who tilt back in
their chairs, pnt their heels on the dinner
table and take the fire irons at 40 paces.
Civilization is progressing when you
must not talk about spittoons, bnt demand that utensil under the name of
"cuspidor." Still the most prominent
notice in the Woman's building is, "Do
not spit on the floor." A man stood beside me as I read this. He wore a slonch
hat, to which Buffalo Bill's would be
simply a fashionable bonnet in size,
trickles of rich tobacco juice wattled his
mouth like a barbel's, his boots were
models for a coffin maker.
Noticing, I dare say, a twinkle in the
corner of my eye, he said slowly and
witt that grim, smileless humor befitting a slabsided hero from Indiana way,
"Say, now, do they mean that we mout
take a shot at them pictures?" There is
certainly a suspicion of local option suggested in that sentence. Better to have
gone on the principle of some other notices which, without waste of printers'
ink (and composition), meet your eye everywhere: "No admittance. Go out!"—
Chicago Cor. London News.
Abetting Persecution.
American friends of Russian freedom
aro not silenced by the promulgation of
the treaty with the czar. They protest
as earnestly as before against a compact
whose political extradition ia all on one
side. We have no political crimes except at rare intervals. Russian laws turn
hundreds of petty words and actions into crimes. From the punishment the
only escape is on forged passports, and
the treaty makes that forgery an extraditable offense. Kennan asserts that this
provision alone will cover every political
offense known to the severe Russian law.
We have given Russia's government all
the assistance it asked in the suppression
of free speech among millions of men.
In return we get nothing, for we shall
want nothing of that sort. The United
States is not now a land of the free and
a home of the brave in the estimation of
Russian republicans who have loved ns.
—St. Louis Republic
Una Legged Cyclist.
A transcontinental tour on a bicycle
by a man with the orthodox number of
legs is no longer uncommon, but the
same journey by a man with one leg Is
certainly novel. Frank S. Beedleson, a
young cyclist from Canastota, N. Y., has
started from San Francisco to cross the
American continent and expects to reach
New York city within 100 days. Beedleson is a yoiing man and has been station
agent for the West Shore railroad at
Canastota. He claims to be the champion one legged cyclist of America. He
lost a leg on the railroad several years
ago. Beedleson's journey will be watched with interest.—Exchange.
Even Ihe Ht.rse.ia1r Snake U Declared by
the Nuturulltt to Bs a Humbug—Mill
Clinging to That Belief and Presenting
Pretty Gnnd Argument.
Science plays hob with the fond traditions of rural schoolboy days. How
many ugly but useful toads have been
left in undisturbed possession of a garden bed because to handle them was
but to cover your hands with warts and
to kill them would force your cows to
let down bloody milk? What boy would
havo crushed a cricket, assured as he
was that its mate would oome at night
and avenge its death by eating up that
rash boy'B clothes? What man lives today who, as a rustic lad, has not held
the stilted daddy-long-legs prisoner by
one hairlike shank and informed the
globular insect that unless it forthwith
pointed out the way in which the
lost cows had gone instant death
awaited ft. and when did daddy-long-
logs fail to raise one slender leg and indicate, according to boyish belief, the
direction the straying kino had gone?
And the devil's darning needle, that big
eyed thing that lived and prowled for
nothing else than to sew your ears up,
and the magic eel skin tied round your
leg, or neck, or arm, to keep the cramps
away when you went in swimming, and
the snako that g wallowed its young, and
greatest of all, Unit vivified hair from a
horse's tail, wriggling and gyrating in
the roadside mud puddle, tho horsehair
But science has stopped in and solemnly and seriously said that these are all
myths. It is a shattering of idols, but I
fear that to science must be granted all
it denies about thorn, except as to snakes
swallowing their young. 1 have been an
open mouthed nnd wide eyed witness of
that interesting trick too often to let
even profound scientists stand up and
declare that it isn't so.
1 hold out a little, too, for the horsehair snake, for I havo in my mind a certain vagrant horsehair that I once put in
an oyster keg filled with rainwater, and
either that horsehair in the course of a
few weeks took on the semblance of life
and form of a horsehair snake and kept
it up all season in a bottle to which 1
transferred it, or else it disappeared, and
the germ of what we supposed was a
horsehair snake happened to be in the
water and developed there. I have always insisted that 1 made a horsehair
snake. 1 have heard many veracious
persons declare that they have done the
same thing.
"But you are all wrong," says Nicholas Pike, the naturalist. "The horsehair
snake, or hairworm. Is the Oordins
aquations, and it is common in most
fresh water ponds and rivulets. Though
no larger around than a coarse cotton
thread, they have two mouths, one on
each side of the head. They lay scores
and sometimes thousands of eggs. The
eggs are deposited in strings, like a
chain, on the sides of shallow ponds or
creeks, and they are greedily swallowed
by various aquatic insects. Then from
the time the egg is hatched the first part
of the worm's nutriment Is spent as a
parasite, absorbing nutriment from the
body of Its unlucky host The large
water beetles are subject to these parasites. They have been found in a cricket They are graceful swimmers, bnt
when taken from the water they twist
themselves into such an intricate knot
that it Is almost impossible to unloose
it They are called Oordins from this,
the Gordinn knot
"I have no doubt that one reason why
tho idea of the horsehair snake has been
propagated is from ignorant persons
who have had various insects in clear
water watching them for study or curiosity. Knowing that they pnt in only
certain live creatnres, and some day
finding these live worms, they were astonished. The chances are that the
worms were developed from a pet beetle
that in its native pond made a feast on
some ova of the Oordins, to be paid
dearly for later when these hatched."
Bnt there was no pet beetle or any
other insect in my keg of rainwater.
The horsehair went away, and the snake
or worm appeared. I don't believe the
horsehair ever swallowed any Gordius
ova. 1 can't imagine any reason why a
horsehair should tnrn into a snake or
worm when kept in the water, but why
not a horse's hair as well as a cow's hair
or a deer's hair? Science had better not
tell any of the few old settlers of northern Pennsylvania or any other locality
where the pioneers were frequently their
own tanners that cow's hair and deer's
hair will not tnrn into worms under certain conditions or science will get a
black eye. In the pioneer days, when a
settler wanted leather for boots or shoes,
it waa not an uncommon thing for him
to make a vat by hollowing out a pine
log, and using wood ashes instead of lime
in removing the hair. When the hide
was taken ont of the vat it would be
placed in a creek to soak out the alkali.
I have more than once heard the sons
of such pioneers tell of finding curious
worms swimming about these hides
where they were lying in quiet pools.
These worms were about two inches
long, somewhat thicker than a cow's
hair, and always in various stages of development from the hair as it came off
the hide, some being for a part of their
length simply hair, while the rest was
the living worm, white and semitrans-
parent Some would be still fast to the
hide, but wiggling to get loose, when
they would swim about with a hair for a
tail These worms were never seen except in the pools with the hides, either
cow or deer. The more I think of these
well authenticated cow hair worms the
more I am inclined to defy science and
hold ont for the horsehair worm.—New
York Sun.	
A Theory at to Swlgglns.
"What makes Swiggins such an unconscionable liar?"
' 'Stinginess. He has as many facts as
anybody, but he hates to give them out."
.Recalled by tbe Transfer of Billy Bowlegs'
ttefuge to Private Owners.
Up to a few years ago all that was known
of that vast Inland sea on the southernbor-
derof Georgia called thu Okefluokee swamp
was that ft once had been the stronghold of
"Billy Bowlegs." Even those who had
heard the euphonious name often enough
to form some idea of the topography of the
swamp received an entirely erroneous Impression of Its character. They regarded it
as a mere waste of malarial waters, like the
KverghulvH of Florida or the Dismal swamp
of Virginia, Within tho past two years,
howuvdr, the invasion of capital into the recesses of its cypress and magnolia groves
has revealed a wealth of resources unsurpassed and shown that instead of being an
Impenetrable swamp tho Okcflnokco is a
great Inland sea of very much the same
type In the quality of Its waters as Lake
Away back tn thu early days of the century, just prior to the Seminole war, General Clinch of Georgia marched into Florida and penetrated thu Everglades with a
regiment of soldiers, his purpose being to
induce thu Seminole chiefs to sign a treaty
relinquishing their possessions to the government, lie pitched his tent In thu heart
of the swamp and Invited t lie Indian chieftains to a coiifurunce nt which they were to
sign thu papers ceding t he laud to the Unit* ~ ,
ed States. The chief of the Semlnolcs nt ■"
that time was a half breed named Hniith, a
man of strikingly handsome appearance,
over fl feet lu height and as straight as an
arrow. This leader, together with two of
his subchtefs, was standing lu General
Clinch's tunt listening to tho rending of _
the deed which took away their lands.   At ■
the conclusion of the reading the two sub-
ohiefSf who could neither read nor write,
made their marks. Turning to Smith,
who stood fn contemplative mood, gazing
with fixed eyes upon thu papers lieforo
thom, General Clinch asked:
"You can write your name, Smtthr"
"Yes," he replied quickly, "hut this is
one time when I Intend to make my mark."
Quick us thought the powerful half breed
whipped out a long, keen knife, and light-
nlngllku hurled It to tho hilt lu thu heart of
one of ihe Hiibchiefs, then lu that of tho
other and finally In I he breast of t he gov-
ernmunt agent, killing tho three almost instantly.
Tho soldiers about General Clinch flew to
arms nnd were In tho act of making Smith
a prisoner when ho calmly called to them
to look outside tho tent. Doing so, they
found thu camp completely surrounded by
a baud of at least 11,000 Indian braves ready
to obey their chief's command. Smith did
not order tho massacre of thu company, hut
without as much as harming a hair of the
bead of General Clinch or any of his soldiers marched them to the edge of tit-
swamp, and hi parting said;
"Now, General Clinch, you and your sol-
dlers may go, but I warn you that If ever a
white man places his foot upon our lands
again he had bettor beware of the Seminole*."
As General Clinch marched hismenaway
the Indian braves enthusiastically crowded
about their great chief, and raising him
high upon their shoulders cried out in
mighty chorus, "Osceola! Osceola I" which
means "the rising sun," This was the beginning of the Seminole war. and it was in
this way that the half breed chieftain received the name by which he Is known to
The end of his career Is familiar to all.
The manner in which he wus enticed to
Washington, where he attracted much attention and was the "observed of all observers," under cover of n Aug of truce, and
his confinement until bis death in Fort
Moultrie at Charleston are well remembered.
Smith's successor in command of the
Seminoles was Billy Bowlegs, a chief of
diminutive stature, but undaunted courage.
During the war which followed Billy
found refuge in Okefinokee swamp, and
one of tbe principal islands of this inland
sea now bears his name.
Okefinokee swamp was until 1800 the
property of the state of Georgia. An act of
the legislature, approved in October, 1889,
provided for the sale of the swamp to tbe
highest bidder, tho minimum price being
fixed at 12>-fj cents an acre. When the bids
were opened by Governor Gordon on March
18,1890, that offering W. cents per acre
was accepted.—Atlanta Journal.
Emerson Spoke From Experience,
I was standing with Mr. Emerson once
at a college exhibition, where a young man
had easily taken the most brilliant honors
—a young man in whom we were both profoundly interested. It was the first time I
ever addressed Mr. Emerson. I congratulated him, as I congratulated myself, on
the success of our young friend, and he
said: "Yes, I did not know he was so fine a
fellow. And now, If something will fall
out amiss—if he should be unpopular with
his class, or if his father should fall In bust-
ness, or if some other misfortune will be- * <
fall hlm-all will he well."
I was green enough and boy enough to be
inwardly Indignant at what seemed to me
tbe cynicism of tbe philosopher. But I did
not then know that when he was 6 years
old his father had died and that to the penury, shall I say, of those early days—to his
mother's determination that the boy should
be bred at Harvard college, to tho careful
struggles by which each penny was made
to work the miracles of the broken bread
by the sea of Galilee—be owed, or thought
he owed, much of the vigor, the rigor and
the manhood of his life. "Good is a good
doctor," as he Bald himself, "but bad Is
sometimes a better."—Edward E. Hale's
He Met Bis Match.
The Russian marshal, Suvaroff, was famous as a jester and was fond of confusing
the men under his command by asking
them unexpected and absurb questions.
But occasionally he met his match. Thus,
one bitter January night, such as Russia
only can produce, be rode up to a sentry
and demanded:
"How many stars are there In the sky!1"
The soldier, not a whit disturbed, answered coolly:
"Walt a little, and I'll tell you." And he
deliberately commenced counting, "One,
two, three," etc.
When he had reached 100, Suvaroff, who
was half frozen, thought It high time to
ride off, not, however, without inquiring
the name of the ready reckoner. Next day
the latter found himself promoted.—Lip*
V-'here Belgian Blocks Come From.
Any one asked whence the belgian paving block comes would say, "Why, from
Belgium, of course," but this is far from
the truth. Great quarries at a point four
miles above Sellersvllle,  Bucks county, I
known as the "Rocks," supply most of the d -
blocks used in this city. A great piece of
rook was recently blasted there from which
were cut 85,000 belgian blocks of regulation size. The rock waa 85 feet wide, 12>tf
feet deep and 65 feet long. The blocks cut
up will realise nearly 11,500 for the quarry-
man.—Philadelphia Record. ■BtSBVBBVsnSSSBSSI
Be on your Guard.
If some grocers urge another baking
powder upon you in place of the " Royal,"
it is because of the greater profit upon it.
This of itself is evidence of the superiority of the " Royal." To give greater
profit the other must be a lower cost
powder, and to cost less it must be made
with cheaper and inferior materials, and
thus, though selling for the same, give
less value to the consumer.
To insure the finest cake, the most
wholesome food, be sure that no substitute for Royal Baking Powder is accepted
by you.
Nothing can be substituted for
the Royal Baking Powder
and give as good results.
Iltirn rill I'll Priiy.'r lluoki.
Prayer books arc a fad this season,
especially those for youthful brides, A
j beautiful volume, containing four original sonnets done iu antique silver lettering upon rough edged parchment bus n
center piece upon tho outside of old
Flemish lace, bordered with small imitation pearls. Orango buds and leaves
are embroidered in groups on both sides
of the white satin cover and silver filigree
protectors lap over the corners. The
richest covers for brides' prayer books,
which contain only the marriage service,
are of moiro or silk, suede kid, or of
white satin, moiro or silk corduroy. The
last named material admits of but little
embroidery, and this, appears at the corners, tho brido'a initials in silver taking
the center of the cover in front. The re-
verso has the date of the marriage also
hi silver lettering. For covers of white
satin or moiro narrow borders of ecclesiastical couching in silver thread and ec*
clesiastical silk are used,-       ' ~
The City and the Country bade.
A city dude seldom does anything
worth chronicling, for he is universally
regarded as empty beaded, incapable of
even arousing genuine curiosity. Bnt a
country dude—well, he is pretty cer-
tnin to be interesting. Here is a speci*
iinen: A Buckfhdd young man recently
tried to lift his carriage out of the mud
while standing on the lisle to save soiling his shoes.—Bar Harbor Record.
Why Clilldri-n Arc Always Doing Things.
Temptation, winch is continual in
children because everything is new to
them, is nothing else than the force of
an idea and the motive impulse that accompanies it.—Alfred Fouillea in Popn
lar Science Monthly	
An Kager and a Nipping Wind,
A continuous down pour of rain, inclement weather, generally In winter and
spring, are unfavorable to all classes of in*
valids. But warmth and activity Infused
Into the circulation counteract* these in*
tl.i.'iices and interpose a defense against
them. Itostetter's Stomach Bitters, most
thorough and effective of stomachics and
ton'cs, not only enriches the bl rod, but
accelerates its circulation. For a chill, or
pp-umnitory symptoms of rheumatism
and kidney complaint, particularly prevalent at these seasons, it is tbe best possible
remedy. It is also invaluable for dyspepsia, liver complaint, constipation and nervousness. Never set out on a winter or
spring journey without it. Elderly per*
sons and the delicate and convalescent are
greatly aided by It.
"Mr I rn pc," imM the man who keeps house,
"Is eat ol sight."' flu Is mine," replied anotler,
"out  f s nth ruche."
A Bank
A general linking business is done by
the human system, because the blood de*
posits in its vaults whatever wealth we ma.
gain from day tn day. This wealth is laid
up against "a rainy day " as a reserve fund
—we're in a condition of healthy prosperity
if we huve laid away sufficient capital to
draw upon in tbe hour of our greatest need.
There is danger iu getting thin, because it's
a sign of letting down in health. To gain
in blood is nearly always to gain in wholesome flesh. The odds arc in favor of the
germs of consumption, grip, or pneumonia,
if our liver be inactive and our blood iru-
Jurc, or if our flesh be reduced below a
rallhv standout. What Is required is an
increase in ourgrrni fighting strength. Dr.
Fierce'sC.oldcn Medical Discovery enriches
the blood nnd makes It wholesome, Hops
the waste of tissue and at the aame time
builds up the strength. A medicine which
will rid the bloodofitspoisons, cleanse and
invigorate the great organs of the body,
vitalise tbe system, thrill the whole being
with newencrgyand make permanent work
of it, is surely s remedy of great value. But
when we make a positive statement that 08
per cent, of all cases of consumption can, if
taken in the enrly stages of the disease, be
ciihkii with the " Discovery," It seems like
• bold assertion. All Dr. Pierce asks I. that
you make a thorough investigation and
satisfy yourself of the truth of bis assertion.
By sending to the World's Dispensary Medical Association, Buffalo, N. Y.. you can get
a free book with Ihe names, addresses and
photographs of a large number of those
cured of throat, bronchial nnd lung diseases,
as well as of skin and scrofulous affections
bvthe "Golden Medical Discovery." They
also publish a book of 160 pages, being s
medical treatise on consumption, bronchitis,
asthma, catarrh, which will be mailed on
teceipt of address and sli cants in .tamps.
•loyalty and Mustaoli...
It bus lii-cn rciimrkuri Mint in addition
to linr other pcrsonul attractions the in.
fundi is in possession of wlmt tlio French
call logor duvet, or, lu plain English, tho
down upon tho upper lip. American
women, more particularly those whose
associations and observations havo been
confined to their native land, have come
to look upon the legor duvet as something nnfeuiinine and unattractive, It
Is rather a distinctive matter of pride,
however, to the beauties of the Latin
nations, nnd is taken, moreover, as a
budgo of strength of character and an
indication of self reliance without assuming the coarser rigor of masculinity.
When Rome was in its "most high
and palmy stute," the women of the refined and cultured set affected not only
the down on the lip, but a hirsute growth
on the face. They resorted to artificial
means and smeared ointment over their
cheeks to stimulate the growth of hair.
Cicero says that the practice became so
universal that a law was passed against
it. The Greeks also were affected in the
same manner and gave their Cyprian
Venus a beard to enhance hor good looks.
-New York World.
Driven to the Ittiuge Pot.
Says a correspondent: I lost my complexion very young, grew sallow, and in
order to retnody this pumpkinlike mask
I took to rouging. It was a success.
People began to say: "How well yon
look! Snch a fine color." I pride myself on the fact that I have an exceedingly finished touch. I never left my
mirror without giving my face the most
careful scrutiny. I learned to shade off
the edges until I really believe that my
homemade Hush was prettier than a good
many going the rounds that were perfectly natural, for it never spread over
my chin, nose and forehead.
One day I heard a woman lecture on
the evils of painting the cheeks. I went
borne, threw my box of carmine in the
fire and resolved that I would be natural
at all hazards. In a few duys I began to
be greeted with commiserating glances.
Friends asked if I were ill. "You look
■10 fagged. Must be something the matter." I stood it as long as I could, when
back to my ronge 1 went, and I shall not
desert it for anything more natural unless it be to adopt beet juice, which, 1
hear, ia not only a beantifler, but • tonic
for the skin as well.
A nrldal Kcrapbook.
A bridal scrapbook is novel and adds
much to the merriment of the occasion.
It is of course bound in white vellum,
with the monogram of the bride and
groom and the date in silver. There is
space for the certificate made out by the
officiating clergyman, which is to be
signed by each and every guest. It may
be placed in charge of one of the ushers
and should rest on a cushion of white on
a table large enough to hold a massive
silver inkstand and penrack. One of the
prettiest spectacular effects of the affair
ia the sight of the bride signing her new
name for the first time.
The book also contains spaces for the
photographs of tho entire bridal party
as well as for bits of the gowns worn.
Just before tho departure of the happy
conplo a maid might carry around a all-
vtr bowl full of rice, so that each gnott
may shower the departing bride with
tho emblem of prosperity. The last detail, although its preparation may antedate others, Is the writing of the marriage notice for the press.—New York
Commercial Advertiser.
A Baking r.wil.r Company Waa Too
Haaty lo Ita Claim..
A Chicago baking powder concern, advertising lar and near that Its product
received the highest award (or strength,
purity and excellence at the Chicago
World's Fair, has been obliged to take a
double somersault backward. Mr. John
Boyd Thatcher, chairman of the Agricultural Awards, has written a letter to
the said Chicago concern showing it
that iu advertising statements, speaking
mildly, are Incorrect, while the Judge ol
Awards on Baking Powders sends another In which he brands the claim ol
the pretenders as false In the most unmistakable language. Since, cornea the
second exposure to the effect that this
baking powder, for which these spurious
claims have been made, was actually
found by the Exposition chemist* who
analysed it, to contain ammonia) Is
this the reason that the commissioners
declined to give it an award for parity
aid whtlMoaaBtJtf
Cl.aDlta.as Saves Ufa.
With the approach of hot weather the
question of clean, healthy surroundings
Is one that must command the attention
of every one, and especially in view of
the fact that reports have been published
that cholera can always be prevented by
keeping things clean. The physician
should be the preacher of cleanliness, for
cleanliness saves more lives than all of
the drugs known to us. This includes
body cleanliness as well as that of surroundings. Use water, deodorizers ami
disinfectants steadily through the hot
season. There is a sanitary condition of
our bodies as well as our Burrouudtngs,
Bad matter is continually exuding from
the pores of the skin, and if this is not
washed off frequently it will become tho
breeding place for disease germs. Fatal
germs aro in dust dirt and particles that
Boat In the air. These, cling to the body,
and under the warmth of the heat from
s'.io body they multiply.
Many who are filthy get infectious diseases, while those who aro clean escape.
It is the safest protection that one can
obtain to surround tho body with u clean
skin. Our surroundings must also bo
clean, sweet and pure. Filth creates infectious atmospheric conditions that baffle the wisest sanitarian, and evory epidemic begttiBin dirt. Decaying animal nnd
vegetable matter, imperfectly cleansed
clothing, person or bed, are all brooding
places for diseases that may in time become epidemic, The physician should
work to prevent all of this, and every one
who has the good of his country in mind
should aid him iu trying to keep the surroundings of tho community clean and
sweet in hot weather.—Yankeo Blade.
Immigration For May.
The immigration figures just issued by
the bureau of statistics of the treasury
department for the month of May show
a very considerable reaction in tho direction of increased immigration from the
falling off of last year, For the five
montiiH ending May 111, as compared
with the corresponding period of the
previous year, there was a falling off of
40,000 and upward, and for the 11
months a falling off of 116,000. But for
the month of May, as compared with
the corresponding month of 1892, there
was a gain of 8,143. Tbe details of tbe
showing are interesting. The largest
gain over last year was in Italian immigration, 7,609. The largest loss was in
German immigration, 6,100. There was
a falling off in the immigration from
Great Britain of nearly 2,000. and a gain
in Austrian-Hungarian of 1,000. There
were considerable gains from the Netherlands, Russia, Sweden and Norway, and
a small gain from France. The account
with Denmark and Switzerland shows
losses. The aggregate for the month was
as follows: Austria-Hungary—Bohemia,
1,060; Hungary, 5,150; other Austria (except Poland), 7,888. Denmark, 1,101;
France, 601; Germany, 18,036; Italy, 17,-
638; Netherlands, 2,112; Poland, 2,184;
Russia (except Poland), 11,281; Sweden
and Norway, 10,201; Switzerland, 607.
United Kingdom—England and Wales,
5,684; Scotland, 1,688; Ireland, 11,018.
All other countries, 8,011. Total, 95,885.
—Detroit Free Press.
Pension, and Internal Revenue.
Texas paid last year $606,873 of internal revenue taxes and received in pensions 1905,280. South Carolina paid (71-,
812 revenue taxes nnd received (171,-
129 in pensions. Tennessee contributed
(1,278,862 and drew out in pensions
(2,434,308. Alabama's revenuo taxes were
(106,771; her pension receipts were $400,-
729. Arkansas paid (95,718.80 revenue
taxes; received in pensions, (1,470,901.77.
West Virginia's revenue tax was (807,-
688.80 and was paid in pensions (2,158,-
708.13.' Louisiana and Mississippi together paid (734,882.20 and received
(847,552.45 in pensions. Maryland, Delaware and the' District of Columbia paid
(3,288,873.77 internal revenue tax and
received in pensions (4,220,800.13. Step
over into the northern states, and tho
conditions are reversed. Illinois paid in
revenue tax (36,795,838 and received in
pensions (9,843,996. New York paid
(17,670,978 revenue tax and received in
pensions (11,782,400, The aggregate
amount of internal revenue taxes paid
by the 10 southern states and the District of Columbia was (6,800,892.28, and
the receipts from the pensions were (12,-
(01,661.87, nearly twice as great.—Corporal Tanner in Brooklyn Eagle.
Had H. But	
Had I but saved the boodle I in other
years have blown, today I might have
had a little nest egg of my own; I might
be now well heeled enough to join the
the happy throng, to spend a month at
Jackson park and take my folks along.
O poverty! thou art indeed a ragged
man's distress! the robber thief of human
hopes and earthly happiness, and countless thousands mourn today the fate one
so abhors—but some have fan while others stay at home and do the chores. So
must I stay and toil for bread and miss
the great world's show, bnt what a motley crowd there'd be if every one should
go, and in a few days at the most I'm
bound to quit the fight and visit lands
beyond that beat this World's fair out
of sight.—Nebraska Stats Journal.
Oo to Mecca.
The pilgrimage to Mecca haa been extraordinarily large this year, the total
number of pilgrims already being about
doable that of last year. Over 40,000
have passed through Suei alone, and it
is estimated an equal number have arrived at Mecca by overland caravans.
The usual resultantconditions of the pilgrim season favorable to epidemics have
been consequently aggravated, and the
Egyptian quarantine board has declared
all the Hedjaz littoral to be foul and applied severe measures to prevent the
spread of cholera and other diseases.
Cholera has been rife at Mecca for some
time, and the number of deaths has been
The well known Berlin painter of oriental subjects, Von Meckel, committed
suicide after the jury for the international art exhibition rejected five of his pictures. The artist had been suffering from
poverty during the last few years.
' Till)   WRONG   WAY.
There Is a way or looking at a thing that
Is curious and wrong. The old adage,
"proof of the pudding Is in eating it," is
sound sense. And another "never condemn before trial." In the treatment of
anything, treat it in good laith, so when
infirmities beset us, beset tbem with good
will and force. Thousands have in this
way overoume the worst forms of rheumatism by using St. Jacobs till. Never shrink
from what is known to be by thousands a
positive cure for this dread complaint, and
that la the thing to remove the trouble and
solve the doubt.
"Ilss old Tonsil unit smokllig,' lliqulrrd one
man ol nnothor. "1 on't know whether lie lias
or inn, tint tie died the utlier ilsy," waa thu uva-
,ivu reply. 	
M110I1 favorable comment was expressed
at the Portland Fruit Convention over a
puhliaatlon devoted to the fruit industry,
issued by Ihe new competitor for Kastern
trulllo, the Great Northern Hallway. This
document was handsomely printed and
Illustrated and treated every feature 01 the
business and every fruit locality in Oregon
and Washington with perfect fairness and
truthfulness. By addressing 0 (J. Dona-
van, General Agent, Portland, Or., or I1'.
I. Whitney, G. P. ft T. A., G. N. Uy., St.
Paul. Minn., and asking for tbe Great
Northern I'ruil bulletin, it will be sent
Ho-I envy that man who rang the tenor soK
She—Why, 1 uhiiikIii lie liud » very poor vokio.
Ilo  Ho d il I.  But Just think ill his uoivi I
The Arabs say that tbe best Teacher is
Time. That la true, especially when year
after year enforces the same lesson, For
more than thirty years Allcoce'b Poboub
Plabtkbs have been in use in every part of
Ihe world, and the testimony is universal
as to their value as an external remedy for
pains of overy kind in the back, chest and
aids, Some people have learned the lesson
so well that they try to imitate them, and
tbe result is a host of counterfeits, all pretending to be Just as good as Alloook's
Porous Pi-aktkhh, and unconscious that by
this very statement they acknowledge that
Am-uock'b Pobous Plasters hold tne first
place.   Be sure and get the genuine.
dbandbsth's Pills always act uniformly.
Reporter—Here's a story about a milk famine.
Ed tor—Condense It.
• 100 REWARD  "ion.
The readers of this paper will be pleased
to learn that there is at least one dreaded
disease thst science has been able to cure
in all its stages, and that is Catarrh, Hall's
Catarrh Cure Is tbe only positive cure
known to the medical fiaternity. Catarrh
being a constitutional oiaease, requires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure la taken internally, acting directly
upon the blood and mucous surfaces of tho
system, thereby destroying the foundation
of the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitution
and assisting nature in doing Its work.
Tbe pn prietors have so niticti faith in its
curative powers, that they offer One Hundred Dollars for any case that it falls to
cure.   Send for list of testimonials.
AddresB, F. J. CHENEY ft Co., Toledo, O.
foT-dolil by Druggists, 75c.
Low prices; easy terms.  For -alo by
WILEY II. ALLIEN Oil. (the oldest and
Largest musfo store), 211 First 81., Portland.
Dae Knamellue stove Pollen: no dust no smell.
Tbt Gkbwba for breakfast
Sore Throat and Diphtheria hare for
over 50 years yielded to
and they always will.
Scalds, Sprains, Bruises, Barns and
Cuts arc also promptly cured by ita
use. Popular for 50 years—most popular to-day. Made only by Perry
Davis & Son, Providence, R. t
Ely's Creanr I
Cleanaes the Nasal
Passages, Allays Pain
and Inflammation,
Restores the Senses of
Taste and Smell.
Heals the Sores.
Pure Rich Blood
Is osaentkl to good health, because tin-; [Hood U life, and upon the purity and
blood is the vitiil tluld which supplies nil I vitality of tn« blood depends tho health of
Ibr* organs with lifo and tin- power lo jwr- tho whole system. Tho beat blood pun-
form their functions*. llor Is
a mo PHYSIC.
Amntwraentolthob-mila aundtiy is nocemtrfov
Imdtb, Tlwsa pUl* supply what tlio system lacks to
nikka it iiwuUt. W eura UMbMUHl brighten tbe
Hood's Sarsaparilla
acts directly upon the blood, muklnn it rich
undpitre and giving it vitality and lilu-
glving (juulitius. Tiiis 1b why liood'ri Stir-
tmparillu Cures when all other preparutluiit)
utid prescriptions fall.
" I huve tried   Hood's Harsaparilla und
found it lo be nn excellent medicine fur impure blood.   I highly recommend it,"
Fannik ]■:. Prichard. Utica, N. Y.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
This la proved beyond any douht by tho
wonderful cures which liuvo been adoom-
plitdiod by this medicine. Weak, tired,
nervous men and won.en tell of now
strength and vigor and steady nerves given
bv Hood's Barsapurillu. Bul.erera from
sfeeplf*s8tieHB.bcronda.Balt rheum and the
severeft forms of blood diseases have found
relief in Hood's, This is because Hood's
Bursaparilla purities the blood.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Is the Great Blood  Purifier.
HnnH'ct Pllle 'Bsylobnv, easy 111 take,   Urvnrl'c Pills the alter dinner pill slid
nooa s mis 0„Hy i„ en-Ml, 'aic,       PlOOa S rills family cathartic, a*.
cocts. and™
One cent ad
It is sold on a cuarantee by all druggists. It cures Incipient Consumption
andutnebestOouahand Crouo flum.
Doubtful Seeds nlone. The best
tire eiihy to get. and cent no
moro. Ask your dealer for
Always the  beat.   Known
,    everywhere.   Ferry's Seed
_' Aiinunl for 1895 tells you
Fwliut, how, and when to plant.
) Hwill'rce.   del It.   Address |
D. M. FERRY & CO.,
Detroit, Mich*
The Bent CURE for Cnafhe, Colds ud
Hold by ml Druggists.   Price, CO cents.
*" by All Drum,......
J. K. GATErl A CO., Proprietors,
4l7SaiiBomeHt..H. F.
_   • yield utouceta
..,' on parts aftoetad, sbtwrtstoraoft, tl*
W. L. Douglas
fat   CUAr    IJTMttMT.
9«a*   ©flUt'lTPOB A KINO.
~—"~  ~~1,   CORDOVAN,
»3.«P0UCE,3 SOLES.
•2.*l.7? BOYS'SCHOOLSrlOEl
Over One Million People wmt the
W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 Shoes
All our *hOM are equally Mtlsfactory
. Jin 11 to Ij saved over other ■ukn.
If your dealer cannot supply you we can.
BEST IN THE WORLD.    \4l%Ktf%9E
Ita wearing qtisUtlei»reuniurp»sM(l,actually
outlasting two boxes of my other brand.   Fme
from Animal Oils.   UKT THK UKNUINE.
and Dealers generally.
Manhood restored
Night KmiHioni,
Weak memory,
Atrophy, Sexual
Surely cured by
The life s«r»»
and vitil fefta at
plaim in-! ttowcr*;
it give* rtgoa.
power and
th« viul   c;
The moU won'
derful achievement
In Medical Science.
Tht 0Hfy 4tckm ml-
tdged ftrmantrnt
tmrt guarantttd.
New York
■if-ny Fulton St.
(tf carry -as
Price |i. Bfefarta
■"■-ii   in   plain
wrapper, or at
ill   til ■!.:.!' -I"..
Ad dr-
• rananNa M«w. Cm
• «b,tti.i. •>••** i
■*e  cosit ajMAftg t
Cor. Mocoud and Hiark Ht... Portland. Or.
V. P. N. U. No. S87   H. F. N. IT. No. MH
If you UK the Pclnluo"
Incubattrt * Brooder*.
Make money while
otliera are wasting
time byoldprocestie*.
Catatogteliflall about
It,and describes every
article needed for tin
poultry buaiuct •.
The "ERIE"
mechanical:v the best
.wheel. Prettiest model.
(We are Pacific Coast
\genta. Bicvde cata-
logue.maited free,giT«-»
fuHdewHetloti. pricca, etc.. aok!ct« wasrmv
BltAHCH House, iji S Mala St.. Lo* Angeles.
Portland, Wat.a Walia,
ripokane.TlaO. R A N.
Hallway >nd (ireat
Northern Railway to
Mon'ana points, dt.
Paul, Minneapolis,
Omana, tit. Loirs, Chl-
eajro and Kant. A Id rest
lueari'i.1 tfent C. C.
Don a van. tjen. Agt.
Portland, (Jr. ;R.C -ta-
  .     _   reus, Gen. AgtJtaattn
VVaah.: C.G.Dixun.Geu. Aft.,Spoken* .Wash. No
dust; rock'ballitit track; One fernery: pal«*
sleeping and dining can, buffet library can
family tourist steepen; new equipment.
MRS. WMSIiriS •%?„';•
VatsatotoaiiataaaMa. ucu.Mk
latab. i860.   CORBITT & MA CLE AY CO.   mo. isoa.
IMI'OHTKIW, SHIPPING and COMMISSION MRKCHANTH. Liberal advance mad« on approved
couil|ri<menta Of Wheat, Flour, Oats, Wool and Hops. Hpecial imports from Cniua Jaiati and In-
dla: Tea, Coffee, It'ce. Matting snd rtUBs,BpIrei,Ha)ro,Tapioca, China Mitt 0<t,etc. From i It-
etpool: Liverpool Fine, Coarse and Lump hock Hall, Chemicals of all kinds, Tinnlate, -elected
No. I returned Wheat Bags, Hop Ilurlap, Koll Brimstone, lla-s Ale, GulnncW Port, r, sc tch and
Irish Whisky, Brandy and Win* a, lor sale In quautlilei to suit ihe trsde.  PORTLAND, OR.
.*.^^*-*--+.-.-*-<-*rmm ■   ■   ■   i a^.^^^^^^
is the whole story
Sm IKSrfrSdrOC CostsBoniore'hlnolhtrPlcl"?esoll>—neverspolli
111 |Mvl\fl5v3> Hour—universally icknowloiged purest tn the world. |
attte onU »j CHURCH fc CO., Hew York. Soil by pxtn ererrvbere.
Write tor in mi Htmner Booh of tainaBlo Rcclpem-rtteK.
aayaasas. v«#*-"■■' ''' "—	
ThT.. rlrwo* finlf.   Trv It.
ache? Does every stop seem a bai den? Yonneed
Buy your GROCERIES AND PROVISIONSot us, end we will aare you money. We hai-dle the best
goods and deliver free to trains or boats. We buy and >ell for spot cash, end sell goods rheper
than any other Arm In the country. Bend as your nntne and address, and we will nan yon oir
now price I st, which will be out soon.   We otl-r to day:   Climax tobarco, 40 cents per «x.und.
D y granulated sugar In 10-lb sacks (or. It 76 i Best coal oil per c*.« f, go
Best brand* of no -r per barrel 2 IA I Arbuckle's coffee per pound..     22U
lend ui a Hit ot what you need, and we will make you special prices.  Address your orders le
MARK L. OOHN 4 OO. 140 Front «tr*#t. Pert I and. Of. n
lu publUnaloViiry Fr
VOUlnUi ul ttio iilllio.
crdiile, by
(I A I. HI! \ IT It   &   CO,
SunpciltPTIOK I'lilt'H
!i»r per Your;
tu,  to'l  I'uiUH por  linu
pu oil ittOHiuromaiu— I
|f> thd iueli
d'io dollar for
Traiolont a lv>
onoh Iimonl
etniul lo twvivolli
Whort notices of loit, foil ad ( otQ,
throe iii-i-rti"!!-.
pentlis, iilnh", iui i nmrriniMii, iiity cents for
unu Iuhi riien,   t'roi. to i.ubjiOf'ltHiri.
onnnuTuIitl n,i .'ortiriiiiiujiits nt greitll; roducad
]< l.;os, whii'ii win be inQ(}qknowtfoiiH|>|>t(-
ij 1'iituriy uoiutajlw,'
radical ulutngo iu tlio personnel of
die British Columbia Ministry
whichever patty receives, the favor
of tho people,'
This paper in opposed to seotn
I'iiiji schools supported by publio
money, Unhappily tlicy are a cop
stilulional establishment in somo
Provinces of Ihe Dominion, and
const if uf ional rights must ho ro-
spoclcd. Where they may bo justly
abolished they should bei abolished,
and where they have not existed
tlioy should never lio permitted to
exist. A State that accepts no particular religion, should not teaeli
religion. The jdea that we are Catholic Canadians and Protestant
] Canadians is a mistake Wo are
"SI'liKICY TIM KM.' Lij (Ji'ipadians-at leuBt it is the
In presenting lo the public to-day , luminous of statesmanship to make
tho first issue of SuBBBY Touts, it. ns so.
is proper that wo should sot forth I
broadly the linos upon whjgh it j; LANGLEY—SURREY—DEiTTA,
proposed the new journal sliall be I Tho three municipalities above
conducted. Si'iiiiKY Times makes (lamed comprise a Provincial elec-
tio pretension of being otherwise, toral division usually known as
than an ordinary country npwBpa.' Delta Hiding, and being essentially
per, aiming chiefly to supply |n its,' the constituency o( SURREY TlMES a
readers a full complement of local brief sketch of their chief charac-
news and to freely discuss mutters ' teristieij may not lie out of place in
of local public concern. It will bo : this our initial number, whicl) will
needless, therefore, to look to it for' hp widely circulated. The territory
lengthy reports (|f outside transac-; comprised contains the largest area
lions that often tax tl)e resources; of contiguous good agricultural
pf the best city papers. Tho pub-, lands in liritish Columbia, and if
lishers hope to have Surrey Timks all cultivated, could supply the
accepted by tho people pf the whole food of a population much lafger
Biding of Delta lis an eurnqst ad- ithan the Province is ljkely to have
vocato of public needs and a truth- for spme years to come. Thp soil
ful reporter pf current pvents, and is very varied, and localities can be
to this end pfforts will lie madp, as j found precisely adaptpd to the pro-
Boorj as the present hurry is pypr, duction of any specialty that will
to secure reliable contributors in grow in a mild temperate climate,
the neighboring municipalities pf: The whole is pre-eminently euita-
l.angley and Delta. This is as far ble fop dairying and stppk-raising.
as our ambition reaches in the pre- There will come a day when the
.-cut venture. There is no calcula- entire territory from thp east line
(ion of revolutionising public in- of Langlpy |p the sea imp} from the
Btitutions pr methods. Aspirations Fraser rivpr to the intprnatjonal
of that kinil are better fitted to the boundary will be a land pf p|pnty
confidence of inexperienced youth,   and of bpauty.
In politics SniiiKV Timks wj|) lie! Langley, the eitsternmost of the
:is independent us any journal well three nipnicipalitjes, is writtpp in
can bp. It is not intended by (his the history of thp west coast of
that the paper will not take sides, British North America. Long be-
I'or it certainly will, and just as fore thp first enterprising individual
fearlessly as |he most independent had thought of carving a home for
individual in thpl'rovincpcan hope himself put of the British Columbia
to do. In journalism the wprd wilderness, the Hudsons Bay Com-
''indepcudent" b'ts been abused in- puny hud established a trading post
to meaning to many people a paper j on the Fraser river, within a short
that doesn't know, or durp not say,'distance of the present Langley
what side jt thinks right, in the i town. Herp at the time of the first
same way as men pre sometimes, gold excitement on the Fraser, was
forced to act Under hard circum-: the actual starting point of the advances. Surrey Times, happily, venturers ir| quest of the yellow
is not in that position. Even for dust, who obtained their supplies
the small plant required to issue at (he Company's store. Years be-
this paper, the publishers found it fore this, a magnificent stretch of
a matter of very difficult financing farming lapd known as Langley
these hard times; but it was finan- Prairie had been cultivated by the
pod, and without the aid of any indi-; Hudsons Bay Co., who had con-
vidua! or combination of individ- traded with the (lovernmtmt of
uals who might Is? interested in,the Russia to supply large quantities
policy of it, Therefore, seeking of food for the Cuar's forces on
nothing from such parties, we are' Behring Pea. Amongst other ce-
io position to be very independent, reals a large urea of wheat was
We shall support tho Conservative grown, and Langley Prairie waB a
party in the Dominion for the very veritable garden in the wilderness,
excellent reason that we wish to. Ultimately the Company subdivid.
We believe nj a protective tariff for ed llioir big farm and disposed of it
Canada, and are quite certain that to individual farmers, and thus the
free trade would mean the utter de- settlement of Langley began. We
uioralization of the agricultural believe it was in the early sixties
interests of this Province. This that a Government town, intended
paper has un agricultural .district to be tbe capital of the Mainland,
for a constituency, and the interests I waa laid off on the bank of the
of the farmers are its interests, river a few miles west of FortLang-
Undcr the pressure of world-wide ley, but this was soon abandoned
financial stringency the farmer is in favor of the site of the present!
having a bard time here now. city of Westminster. There are |
Farms arc getting cheap, but under many beautiful homes and pros-,
Mr. Laurior's "free trade us they perous settlers in Langley, mainly
have it in England," the ngricultti- in the neighborhood of the old set-
ral lands of British Columbia t lenient. Tbe newer sections of the'
would be vacant and valueless, for municipality are fairly well pOpU'j
t us produce market is local and ex. lated, but there, as in all forest
ceedingly limited, and would soon lands on this coast, progress is Blow
be a dumping ground for foreigners and laborious, and tbe majority of
against whom it would be folly for the settlers, going in without sutfi-
local growers to compete. | cient means, are still struggling for
In Provincial politics Surrey ' «■ livelihood. The land is of every
Timks is not in sympathy with the variety, and all upland. Langley
present Administration. There is town continues to be the shipping
reason to believe that the Opposi- point for the bulk of tho settle-
tion is essentially a Liberal Oppo. merit, though for eomc reason it
sition, but tho fact has not yet been j has not made the growth that peo-
rocogniscd by Conservatives, and', P'e anticipated. Langley Prairie,
certainly the latter party is by no I eight miles south, has drawn a good
means disposed to accept Mr. Tur-1 share of trade, but neither has this
nor and bis colleagues as represen- place made any progress in devel-
tative of it in the Local Legislature, oping what might be called a town.
Premier Turner has a talent for I A railway is badly needed, which,
cxtravugatioe that the average Con- besides stimulating the settlers,
servativc does not take kindly to, would no doubt lead totheestab-
und if parly lines are drawn In lishment of a trade centre that
Provincial politics, as they likely I would attract population,
will be before long, there will be a j    Surrey, the central municipality
of tho trio, is of recent settlement,
and though the niost populous) can
hardly be called the most prosperous : A few of the settlers arp well-
to-do, but the community" lis a
whole is in the'stage of struggle,
The soil is wonderfully diversified,
and hp would bp a strange customer who could not be suited here
in'that regard. Tho rivers Nico-
mekj and Sorperitine run through
the hpart of Surrey with wide valleys of untimbered low-lying vegetable muck, needing only"to bo
drained and cultivated to yield
wealth of produce. The Mud Bay
district, at the mouths of these rivers, is a flourishing settlement, and
the farmers therp ship large quantities of hay, grain, roots, etc., to
the cities of tho coast. Tho rest of
tlic municipality is bush land, and
the making of farms is no easier
than in other localities on the coast
qf a like kind. At Hall's Prairie,
pear the boundary line, there Is a
line farm we|l advanced in cultivation, and Upon which is a magnificent orchard of 05 acrps,now in thp
fourth year. A great deal of the
land of Surrpy, as also of Langjey.
is particularly adaptpd for fruit
culture. Thp Great Northern railway runs through .Surrey frorn
north to south, but jt cannot bg
said that the line has been of any
material benefit tn the settlers,
chiefly because of jts terminus
being on the south ship of the Frn-
ser. Clovprdale is the only pojnf
on the Canadian section of tjip
road that an attempt has been mapjp
at town-building, and, the result so
far has certainly not been very pp-
couraglng, though bping the only
place on thp line whpre a modicum
qf railway business js transacted,
residents Ijave still hopes that the
town wil| yet developp into a snug
little community. The present
population is a trifip over one hun:
dred. At two or three other points
in Surrey towns were planned, but
they proved utter failures.
Pelta, down by thp seo, as thp
n^rne indicates is a peninsula bordered on the north by the Fraspr
apd on the south by Boundary
Buy, with the Gu)f of Georgia op
thp west. In its natural state thp
land of the mpicipality of Delta
was the home of the wild duck, the
bittern and the muBquaBh, hut
human settlers with brave hearts
took possession, and behold a wondrous change. Substantial dykps
hold back the Hoods of the Fraser
and the tides of the sea, and where
once stretched reedy marshes and
wide lagoons is now the very garden of the Province. The rich
black soil of Delta will grow any.
thing adaptpd to the climate, and
yield in astonishing measure. The
location is equally convenient tn
the four cities of the const, and immense quantities of produce are
shipped annually. With some variation, Delta is a repetition on a
smaller scale of another delta,
once the granary of the world,
built up by the sedimentary depos.
its of thp flooding N'ilp, as this by
the swelling Fraser. Except a
small strip on the eastern side,
Delta municipality is devoid of
timber, though tide and current
bring abundance for purposes of
fuel. There are quite a number of
fine residences in Delta, nnd not a
few of the farmers are in easy circumstances, a fact that tempts to
the holding of large acreage, with
the result that the population is
relatively small. The chief shipping point is Ladners, located on
the Fraser, a flourishing little town
of probably oOO settled inhabitants
—a population, however, greatly
increased during the summer, when
Ladners is the centre of the industry of a dozen or so of Balmon canneries, running full lilt and employing hundreds of men.
We observe by a Winnipeg dispatch that Premier Turner passed
through that city on Tuesday on
his way to England, to help negotiate the *2,000,000 loan authorised
at the last session of the Legislature. Probably British Columbia's
back can liear the additional burden, but undoubtedly the strain
is working up to the breaking down
point. Meantime Mr. Turner will
no doubt have a jolly fine trip at
tho charge of the loan.
It was a wise act of Surrey Council to reduce the consideration
for the commutation of statute
hlbor from $2 to #1,25 per day.
The stato of the times demanded a
reduction. Even tyhen times were
fjUBh, a commutation charge of .$2
a (jay was unwise, because it encouraged'outsiders and those who
did not choose to work their own
statute labor, to hire substitutes in-
sjcad of' paying tho money into the
municipaf'treasury. As tbe substitutes usually had no interest in
the work, apd statute labor is everywhere looked upon as a mere
time-killing job, it follows that no
fpsult was accomplished at all commensurate with the tax paid by the
land owner. Under tlie reduced
rato, a great many people will pay
the commutation mpnoy into the
trcusury,ani] a fund will be rpalized
with which a great deal mqre can
be accomplished by contract than
jf the labor reprcsentoif' 'hail been
worked in tho ordinary way. The
Council is to be. congratulated, and
we commend its action as a good
pxample for pther rural municipalities where the system of statute
labor though coudemned raugt bo
If any of our friends should, find
themselves disappointed at thp size
or get-up of Suuiiky Timks, ivp ask
them to consider thp fact that the
business prospect of a newspaper
lipre is by no means bright and
that the journal wp issue is cprtainly as good relatively, <ib thp patronage iiujnediately in view. Depend upon, it our pntcrprisp will
not be lacking in improving the
publication fully as. soon us therp
js any busjness warrant to do so.
But for thp action pf Surrey Council in assuring us of thp municipal
patronage, Surrey fiMEs wpuld
yet lie in the womb pf time j por
do we forget that, op the part of
some meippers of flip Council, that
action betokened a measurp of generosity to us personally. One benefit, at least, the paper will )jp to
the Municipality, namely, it wi"
retain for circulation here a few
hundred dollars annually that have
heretoforp been spnt away from the
corporation never to return.
The Dominion Parliament is
called tq pieet on the 14th of this
month. The Liberals are not
pleased, as might he exppctpd. The
Government having coipp to a conclusion on thp knotty Manitoba
Schools question, the Opposition
woulp] have bepn delighted to appeal to the country without haying
committed itsglf to anything. The
wisdom of holding a session pan:
not be questioned, for not only will
the Liberals be forped to take a
stand, but the grounds upon which
thp Government action is based
will tie set forth in detail, and the
people of Canada will then bp in
position to judge at» between the
two parties, which they would not
be without the threshing out incidental to a Parliamentary debate.
It is not likely now that the elections will eonie off lipfnre fall.
The columns of this paper are
freely open to any correspondent
for the discussion of matters of
public interest. It doesn't make
any difference though the views put
forth should he opposed to those of
the editor of Suuiiky Timks, reasonable space will be readily granted.
We have no close columns for favorite men or favorite subjects, and
while endeavoring to vigorously ex-
pr essourown views, will gladly mak
room for the views of others. The
only conditions are, that tbe subjects discussed shall he of public
concern, it lid lie treated without
libellous statement or undue personality.       _____
A mkktixo was held in the school
house here two weeks ugo to hear
lectures on fruit growing by Provincial Fruit Inspector Palmer and
two of his assistants, Mr. T. Cunningham, of Westminster, and Mr.
Kipp, of Chilliwack. The addresses
were listened to with interest,
and no doubt everyone present
guined some useful information,
Mr. Cunningham, however, sought
to give the impression that $1,200
was the total appropriation for
fruit inspection, and that he and
his fellows in the service were pbil-
antrophists. The humor of the
idea was lost on the meeting. Asa
mutter of fact, Mr. Palmer alone
receives a much larger sum.
Surrey   Cona«rratlve  Ai.ovlatloii
A meeting of the Surrey Cunsor-
vativn Association was held in the
school house, Clovurdalc, on Saturday, March 23, There was a very
representative attendance, members
being present from all sections of
the Muncipality,
Tho chair was occupied by the
President, Mr. A Murphy of Clover
Valley, while vice-President K
Parr, of Kensington Prairie, was
also on tho platform,
"Mr, J. C. 'lvieLelhin, of Hull's
Prairie, who had just arrived from
Westminster, Announced that, the
palling of another'session of tlio' Do-
hiinion Parltuiiie'n't having indefinitely postponed iho electiims','ibe
Westminster 'Convention, called for
the 27th, had 'also been postponed.
After discussing tbe mutter it
was decided to proceed with tile election' of delegates,' that being the
business for'which the meeting bad
been called, and the Surrey conlin
gent would then bo'prepured for the
convention whenever a date was
Before proceeding with the election, tlio President suggested to the
meeting the importance of choqsjng
delegates who tvoujd without fail,
health permitting, attend to thp duties bf their commission, and'this
being agreed to the following delegates were appointed :
Win.'Mcltrido, Mini Hay.
.las. Punch, Brownsville.
J. C.'S. McKenzic, Clover Valley.
J, F, 'Gnlbi'iiilh, Cloverdale
J, C, JlcLellan,'Hull's Prairie
.lus.'.lbhnslon, Mud Uuy.
Geo. McCauloy Vule Road,
John, Mclsuuc, Tinchoad
Odwurd Parr, Kensington Prairie
['bos. Shannon. Clover Valley.
Provision was'made for si|bsti-
tules in case of sickness.
The Secretary was instructed to
endeavor to arrange a meeting of
all the delegates in Delta Kidjilg to
discuss the situat inn.
On motion it ft/is decided that 11
generaj meeting of the Assocjution
should be held prior to the h«]ding
8f'a nominating convention, tp get
the sppse of thp Conservative )>i|rty
in Surrey, for flip instruction qf the
'Iflp meeting then adjourned,
The following article from an
EiiBtern paper shows some of the
benpfits that Canadian farmers Ipive
received from the Conservative
Whether *hp Conservative party
app friendly to the farmers of Canada can easily lie seen by glaqping
at some pnjnts in their record. Let
Us take for instance their conduct
with regard to (he duty U|mn beef,
pork, and so forth. They found
that in 1888-9 the prices of beef,
pork, lard, hams, etc., wgrp so low
in the United States that it paid
the producer of these] articlps (here,
to pay thp duty wich the Canadian
Government bad placed ujHin jhem,
and bring thpm over here, and sell
them to thp Canadian people. In
consequence of this, in thp year
which we have mentioned there
were imported 81,181,740 pounds of
these produpts, and in ltisl)-S)0 that
bud increased two million pounds
more. Puring the session of 188!)
the Conservative Administration
changed its tariff, and the important change to the farmer wasan
increase in the duties upon the
products which we have above
mentioned, It may be roughly said
that the duties were almost doubled ; and it should not he forgotten that against this change the
Liberal party protested most
strongly, even putting the matter
to a vote in the House of Commons. Mr. Laurier afterwards, it
should not bp forgotten too, made
it his business to endeavor to excite
some ol the people of Quebec, who
were not agricultural, against the
Government for attempting to assist the farmers of Manitoba nnd
Ontario. The lumbermen, of course,
in the eastern section of the Province and in other parts of thp Dominion, objected to the change.
They hud been using American
incuts which they were purchasing
at low prices and they, of course,
quite rightly from their standpoint
objected to being compelled to pur-
cbnsc from the Canadian farmers at
higher prices. However, the legislation was carried and its wisdom
is plainly shown in the effects which
followed. The very first year after
the tariff was changed the importation of thirty-three million
pounds had fallen to seventeen
million pounds of the same products, and in 1802-8 hud come
down to six million pounds, while
last year it waa only about four
million pounds. In other words,
the effect of the legislation of 188!)
has been to protect the farmers'
market from these meat products
to the extont of giving them a
market each year for about twenty-
nine million pounds of meat. Upon
this point the farriiors of Canada
ought to remember the difference in
the conduct of the two parties. The
Conservative party were anxious
that our farmers should have our
markets ;tho Liberal party that it
was better for our railways to make
a littlo liiotiey liy currying into our
country Aiherican products to lie
consumed by the Cuiiudiun I'Coi.yc.
Is there a single farmer' in thSl'oi'i-
stjtuen'cy Who believes that 'lip'oh
that question tlio Liberal parly were
right?'When the contest conies on
remember that a vote for it Liberal
candidate is a vote in defence of
Sir Uieliurd CarlWright and Mr.
Laurier upon the "meal product
Liuifrltty CoiiSBi'vatlvo aa.oclutlon.
The above association held a
meeting in Rlddpll & Davidson's
Hall! (in Saturday, March 28rd, at
2.80 p. m., the president, Mr. John
Muxivpll, Inking the chair. About
one hundred members wore in
The minutes of the previous mooting were read and continued.
Communications frpm F. C. Cotton M. I'.i''.!regretting bis inubilily
to attend, i/ikI ffoni T.'fJAtkinson,
were received and filed."
The following delcgatpjj were elected to attend the convention! Messrs
John Jliix\vel!,'.I.S. Gray, A.Spiers,
A llrockio II. Harris, A.N.Bpaton
A. II. Hawkins, and G. Knwliiison.
Alternates: Messrs.,). Wilson, W. I),
.luriline, and, R. Brown.
An ploqupnt and masterly nd-
dress wuii then given by Mr.liowser,
of Vnpcouvpr, showlngfllllj? tho inconsistency and fallacy of thp Dib-
orul pojlpy.which was'rocolypdwith
applause, and n hearty vote of
thanks was awarded the speaker at
the close of his address
'I'll.' mciiiing then adjourned to
meet nt thj call of Hie presjilpnt.
A lurgc number of Conservatives,
presen| waned over until evening,
out of curiosity, to hoar. Messrs.
Morrison nnd Sword, tbpexpouenls
of the Liberal principles,
HeYlf ,1 I.'al i.r Volar. In N«iv fVa.l-
uil,,.ter Dl.trlpt.
The following is tbe rpviscd list
of Domjnjnn voters in Npw Westminster District, and accepting the
number of yptera as an indication
of population, which it cprtainly
is, it will lie i-ecn that, outside the
city of New Westminster, Surrey is
the most populous municipality in
the District,'which means, that Surrey heads the list of the rural municipalities of jhe Province : —
Westminster City  25!I7
Surrey       10211
Langlpy         728
South Vancouver      687
Chilliwack  ,     K.'i7
Richmond    pft.'l
Delta   |            44li
Matsqpi                .'l.'l'.l
Maple Bidgc  Hrtti
Mission   ,       2lil
Burnaby  ij:!l
Abbotsford  184
Kent .,,      , ISO
Dewdnpy       134
Mission City ...,,,  127
Nicompn ,,  12ft"
Coquitlam  ;  :i.s
Total number of voters.   .. SliO'i
———   ai '       .
JF. OAl.llltAINI,  Cniivjrmif >r A   Nolitiy
,     I'llulll'.     CH!l.t,.-C IIBKY   ilKKS, C.iV.-tdlli,'
A »,■"" I rhi:..'„ <-ib lor mlfi. J,irjje trjciigh
(Of two (lnl-Iun tlirte or Iritiryunr- old, Will
bo ■ iid cliL'i.ji    Ap,'lym fi'RRKV TlMJM olUfl*.
Court of Revision for toe
XTOTlOE Ir.liorfbyir.vtn Hint n l'ou-t of R*.
i\ viiion w \. Iw livid in nit; Umiiirll (Jtnim-
ber, mi .-i-tnnlt-y, lllii riivy en Maty. Iblti, «t ttii
il'i luck In Urn f<-rvi|»ou, (or D|v |i||r|Hi»u of henr-
iiiC c-.iiiili'.niiits uynliint ilio  n«»e»-:iif!it hi mm!'!
tyu.e A'Miitir irv ills em oin ymf, Htotl lor
rovisiiic nnd rorrovtlni: ttiu A^futMiieiit It il',
A. A. li:t*Ii.MONI),
Clerk Mini.c.,ul Council,
surrey, Warcti .v, ihi*.
Choice young Boars and Hows ol
different ages.
Wrllj f r want., or como on 1  o> .lack,
There will shortly   be opened in
Cloverdale, u
Real Estate Office,
with a special view to the hnndlinn
of Farm Lands.    Full particulars:
will appear later;


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