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Slocan Mining Review Nov 7, 1907

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Devoted   to   Advertising   the
Mineral Resources and I.arge
Fruit   growing   Area  in   the
fertile Slocan Valley.
ocan Mining
L
W
Printed in New Denver,I
Beantjr Spot of the Contif
and the Hub of the riq
Silver*.I<ad District on Ea
No. ii   Vol. a.
NEW DENVER, British Columbia, Thursday, Nov. 7. -907.
FRUIT II
GAVELECTURL
He Said Slocan Lake Was
The Prettiest One in
British Columbia.
Provincial Fruit Inspector Cunningham was in town tor three days last
���week in the interests of his department
and the fruit industry of the district,
and upon being asked by the Review
scribe to give any [information at his
command that would appeal to oar
readers he replied aa follows:
"lam an enthusiast at my business,
but I have to exercise great caution in
giving interviews to press reprcntati ves,
not because I would not do anything in
my power to give the gentlemen of the
press an exchange ol [courtesy which
has been so generously bestowed upon
us, but because we have found by experience that whenever we make any
statement relative to the fruit industry
or to any particular section or district,
our remarks are exploited by land
sharks and speculators for their own
mercenary ends, and often worthless
lands aro thereby cold to credulous inexperienced purchasers, and for that
reason I must guard my tongue.
"The main business of my trip through
the province is to reorganize and arrange
the quarantine stations, eo that the
province will be immune from peats
and disease, aud I have been out now
for seven weeks, starting at Kamloops,
then visiting the Okanagan valley, from
Sicamous aud Osoyoos, andj through
the Similkameen, Boundary, Grand
Forks and East Kootenay to Montana. I
I have just come up from Kaslo. and '
will visit the orchards here the next
few days. We have in all eighteen
inspect., ra'near the American boundary.
Our men are all imbued with their
work and their own personal interest
in keeping out diseases is a guarantee
of tlieir bona-fides. This is as it should
be a* it gives confidence to the army ot |
Jruit-growers, wbo are becoming prosperous men, and very much superior in
my estimation to loggers and miners,
who are here to day and gone to-morrow."
Our representative pointed ont that
the mining community of tbe Slocan
were by no means to be considered
transitory, but Mr. Cunningham said
he referred to the mining industry as
a whole and not to any particular
community.
"Now let us suppose that every acre
of land that is cleared and planted with
good varieties of fruit brings great
wealth to the owner, which it does and
shonld do if properly tended, it also enriches the province to the extent of
about***400, but it is different with the
lumbering industry, ior every cargo of
lumber {shipped out depletes our resources to the extent of the shipment,
and the same must be said of fishing and
mineral production. Mines must become exhausted in time, and our timber
ia being hewn down rapidly. The
Americans will absorb our limits and
will exploit them as they have the
coal-oil*,busin*?s. See what they have
done with our fishing industry; every
thing tbey touch spells depletion. 80
it is our bounden duty to ourselves and
to the next generation that we take
every precaution to prevent the spread
and assimilation of fruit disease.
"So far on this trip 1 have inspected
nearly 600,000 healthy fruit trees, all of
-which have been planted on land where
three years ago not a tree stood. I cannot be specific in touching .upon the
merits of districts, for you know that
local Jealousies are bound up in every
section, but I can point with pride to
Creston, because four years ago I held a
meeting there which was well attended
by a hardy looking lot of men, who
manifested great interest in my remarks
on the fruit-growing possibilities of that
section, and as the outcome they formed
an association and got to work in real
���earnest. At that time they could buy
land at less than ten dollars an acre,
and these men bought and planted out
a few a**rea at a time, and now there
are 80,000 fruit trees growing splendidly
on land that was dense forest four yenrs
ago. Look at the result. Commencing
at a value of $7 per acre in 1902 it baa
increased by leaps and bounds until
to-day it is honestly worth .100 per
acre. So you see the fruit grower is a
great factor in the development of a
community.
"The development in the immediate
vicinity since my last visit is remarkable
and most satisfying from my point of
view. I shall be going to_Nakusp when
I am through here, and I hope to be of
valuable assistance to the many new
settlers there.
"Perhaps I should Bay something that
will put the inexperienced fruit grower
on his guard in dealing with dishonest
nursery agents. When at Creston I
visited a fruit grower, and this man
aaid:'
" 'I do not think much of the Rome
Beauty variety that has been ao highly
recommended." I expressed some surprise and asked to see the fruit, which
I recognized as the slmoat worthless
Pemaker. The poor fellow had bouglit
Rome Beauties at a fancy price,
planted and cared for the trees carefully and now finds that no one cares to
buy bogus fruit. This is a sample of
what has occurred in every orchard of
any considerable site that I have inspected.
"I want you to tell your readers that
every fruit tree in New Denver and at
every point on Sloean and Arrow Lakes
must be sprayed witb a solution as a
measure of precaution. I must and will
have this done, as the future fruit growing industry of this section must be
looked after in this respect now."
"What are the constituents of this
solution?" asked the reporter.
"Lime, snlphur, and salt," he replied,
"And how is it to be applied?"
"By spraying aa soou as the trees
become dormant; the solution to be
brought to a temperature of 130 degrees
and to be used immediately after makeup."
"Why are tbe prices of apples soaring
skyward?"
"Because of the scarcity of fruit in
most of   the great   apple    producing
the Northwest alone, was simply immense. He aleo recommended strongly
the Grimm's Golden as a very prolific,
saleable and profitable variety, as it
also had the virtue of being hardy
enough to withstand a severe winter.
Ha could also ssy of it that he had
never yet seen a diseased tree or one
bearing a decayed branch.
Mr. J. C. Harris thought that now
the fruit-raising industry of the district
was assuming substantial proportions,
the very important branch of packing
should be studied without delay, and
was of the opinion that representations
should be made to the Government for
expert packers to be sent to districts
where young orchards are springing
up, so tbat the farmers could take
lessons in packing fruit for exportation.
Mr. Cunningham in reply said tbat
such a course if adopted by the Government would cooler a great boon on a
rising industry which was even now
increasing the value of realty from 500
to 1000 per cent, and he could tell Mr.
Hania tbat the bon. member for Yinir
had promised to bring the matter beiore
tbe provincial legislature.
Asked aa to the necessity of pruning
cherry trees he said," Prune as little as
possible, but if it is necessary, prune in
states of the union.   Here are the esti- J Ju-X*   The cherry tree was a very hardy
matesof percentage of the normal crop: j one, nnd there were not enough cher*
Michigan, 80; Missouri, 6; Iowa, 30;
Illinois, 10; Colorado, 20; New Mexieo,
Nebraska, 10; Kansas, 9; Indiana, 10;
Weat Virginia, 36; Tennessee, 39.
"Those states are all large producers
and they will require to be stimulated
with all that the Pacific states can supply. This will have a wholesome effect
on our own growers and markets, so
you see that the outlook is really encouraging. Mark my words, before the
financial crisis now dswning haa passed
away, the fruit growing industry will
be much more appreciated.
"British Columbia is tbe orchard for
all the great Canadian empire west of
Lake Superior, indeed I might say
west of Lake Erie, so yon see how
precious a heritage is ours."
On Friday evenin Mr. Cunningham
gave a very intellectual and much appreciated lecture in the Bosun Hall,
when be was factd by a large gathering
of cititens and neifnborirr*. ranchers.
A number of ladies were also interested
bearers. Wm. Hum M.r.r., .occupied the chair. The lecturer began by
stating the nature of his mission to New
Denver, and volubly urged upon his
hearers the necessity of personal prompt
action and cooperation with their neighbors iu exterminating the pests which
threatened the vitality of our new industry. He dealt at length with various
systems of spraying as an antidote to
these pests, and recommended the formula which was given to our reporter
in Ihe preceding interview. Upon the
table there were displayed various exhibits with which the lecturer connected his lesson. There was a magnificent
sample of the Northern Spy grown at
Kaslo, and a bad specimen of reckless
pruning from Kamloops.
Mr. Cunningham said in his official
capacity he could not and would not
permit an infected tree to remain in the
territory under bis jurisdiction, and he
asked the members of the audience who
had even one tree standing to combat
the ravages of pests by timely spraying.
This was a duty which they owed to
their neighbors, the industry and themselves, lhe average life of a tree, he
said, was thirty years, and he figured
out the immense percentage of profit to
the grower if he looked after his own
interests. Let all hefe, cooperate, and
it meant death to the " oyster shell"
and many other pests.
He then compared a mining community with an agricultural one, and
bis common-sense review of the situs*
tion appeared to find sympathy with tbe
audience. He said the miuing industry
wss a transient one to a very great extent, but tbat the fruit-growing industry wss tbe one that made better and
permanent homes, better husbands,
better communities, and last but not
least would build up an indnetry tbat
would be flourishing and expanding
when the mines were mere holes in the
ground.
In concluding a most instructive discourse he said he conld not resume his
seat without paying a deserved tribute
to the beautiful stretch of water which
kissed the charming townsite of New
Denver. With a nod and a smile at
the reporter's table he said: " You can
put me on record as saying so If you
like���that your lake is the prettiest one
in British Columbia. Never have I
seen so charming a spot! I am indeed
glad to notice that an aggressive spirit
now dominates your citizens, and I feel
sure that your recently formed " Town
Improvemeut Society " will do much
good, and that thousands of people will
be journeying here in the near future to
spend the summer. I foresee that
many of those will stay and become
permanent settlers, and I see now that
a prosperous era has already dawned
(Applause)
After inviiing questions he was asked
which varieties of apple trees ho conld
recommend, and he replied that the
Watncr was a beauty and that as it
appeared to like the soil here he could
guarantee it. Other money makers
were the Mackintosh Bed and the
Wealthy,   Which would do extremely
riea now grown to overtake the demand.
It was unnesessary to spray cherry
trees with the solution. The best time
to spray peach trees was when they
were in bloom."
Further questions were asked by Missioner Baynes, Me��srs. C. B. Twigg, H.
Thomlinson and J. C. Bolander.
Rev. Baynes proposed a vote of thanks
to the lecturer, and after tbe chairman
had expressed bis intention of looking
into the recommendation of Mr. Harris
tbe meeting concluded.
SLOCAN LAND IS
CAUSIiSl,
Nearly Seven Thousand Acres
of Barton land Bought
By Manitoba Men.
Town Improvement Society
Being Hear. From.
The Town Improvement Society is
allowing no moss to cling to its wheels.
Since the recent formation of the new
society there bas been more doing than
for the past two years inclusively, and
if the same enthusiastic spirit prevail.
ri,i.n along, the townspeople generally
wiil have much to be thankful for. At
a general meeting held in the Bosun
Hall recently there wss much discussed
that will be acted upon at once. 18,000
feet of lumber was ordered fir sidewalks
and on Thanksgiving day every man
who could hit a nail volunteered for
active service. Sidewalks went up like
mushrooms from a hotbed, teams were
kept busy for two days hauling up the
planks, and now a person can tread on
a sidewalk without  lorever humming
Good bye, Dolly, I must leave you,'
or easulating Mepbistophelea in the.dis*
appearing act of Faust. Its good to
live in Denver now; good because every
body is feeling in fine humor at the
bright prospects, and good because the
citizens generally have quit waiting for
someone to come along and resurrect
them; and better because tliey have
put on the "new man" and are out to
push along the good thing.
Hunter's Sawmill Going Up.
The aawmill'which we reported some
months ago in thia paper as likely to
be built by Wm. Hunter, et al., is now
being constructed. The site selected is
between the railway line at Rosebery
and the lake.about two miles from New
Denver. Ita capacity will be about
30,000 but ties will be the principal product. We understand an unlimited contract has been secured with
the C.P.R. and if the mill keeps up
its guaranteed output, the rail way people will lie kept busy hauling away two
or three cars of ties a day. Already the
j right of way tor the proposed railway
siding has been cleared and graded and
the foundation for the mill is being constructed.
A logging camp with a large crew ol
men has been started on the shore ol
the lake opposite the Silverton town-
site, and men have been eagerly snapped up. This new industry right at our
doors is another cheerful sign of the
prosperous era dawning.
The Reason Why.
Many of our regular subscribers may
have wondered why the Review has
not bobbed up in the mails for the
past two weeks, and unless you, gentle
reader, have guessed ere reading
this paragraph, we direct your atten-
to the headlines across tbe top of this
page, and having done so you will
realize that we have " flit" like
Longfellow's Arabs, e.g. on the silent
system. We wish to make no comment
upon our leaving Sandon other than it
hurt our feelings to pull away from a
good little town and many good friends,
even though we are now but nine miles
away. We're here because we're here,
and we would ask our friends in the
surrounding camps to assist us in our
aim to produce a really good weekly
paper devoted to the interests of the
entire district. We have the location
now to fill the bill, and next week we
propose to scour the district for news
and appoint representatives in every
town in the Slocan. This will cost us
money. Figure out how you can help.
We are not too proud to accept advice
We will do our part���you do
���or subs,
well here; the demand for thon two ln yours.  Bring in four ads.
During the past few weeks these has
been a very healthy movement in fruit
land investments throughout the district, and the substantial turnover of
large tracts of land are aa strawa that
show which way the wind ia at present
blowing. These deals are but forerunners of many others now in status
quo, and before the spring arrives many
more will have been recorded. Already
there are two colonization schemes
maturing which alone will increase the
population of the Slocan several thousand. One of these .which has been
vouched for in high places is the settling
ol two thousand desirable Russian immigrants on land between Nakusp and
Burton City. Another one is the locating of a large numberof English settlers
on similar lines to the famous Barr
colony, but witb fruit-growing aa the
industry to be fostered. These reports
demand credence for the reason tbat
seversl land deal" of magnitude have
been put through the past few days.
Seven hundred and fifty acres of New
Denver land were sold last week in one
bunch, and of the record deal at the
lower end of tbe district the Nelson
News has the following to say:
" A land deal of the greatest importance was closed last Thursday, a deal
that probably ranks as the largest turnover during which hss been an exceedingly profitable season ior real estate
agents.
J. E. AnnaMe of Nelson has had the
matter in handler some time, but it
waa only concluded Thursday.
The acreage sold was 6,727, the largest yet recorded.   The lands are all situate on the lower Arrow lakes and comprise some of tht. -ha**-* r*~��.sw��_
Deer Park, Fire Valley and Burton City.
The greater portion of the lands sold
Thursday, was selected by the fortunate vendor some considerable time ago
before the Arrow lake district became
famous as a great fruit raising section
of the Kootenays.
Thursdays sale was made to eastern
capitalists, represented here by Y. S.
Sheppard of Lelhbridge.
Tiie purchasers propose to colonize
the lands acquired with well-to-do English speaking settlers, many ot whom
will go on the lands early next spring.
Local real estate agents, all of whom
have done remarkably well this year in
handling fruit lands were of the opinion
that the last ol, the fall would witness
a quieting down of interest in Kootenay
lands, but the contrary appears to be
the case and enquiries from would-be
purchasers of large blocks, as well as
from bona-fide settlers, are more in
evidence now than ever before. Particularly is this the case in Manitoba
and the northwest provinces, many persons writing from these sections, or
coming in to personally inspect tbe
lands here.
The influx from Manitoba and what
used to be the territories, at the coast
so marked at the present time as noted
in a special dispatch from Vancouver
published in the Daily News a day or
two ago, is reflected by the situation
here, and doubtless other large deals
will be closed before the end of the
year."       	
��� ___L______.J_____.__._,____ ______________________ A
"M*ll*V****V-l-TV-rTTI*TTVTTTVVVT
Xocal anb General. |
  <���
X Picked up by Butting In Everywhere.    . ���
We're here because we're here!
Now; a long pull, a strong pull, and
a pull altogether.
Prof. Cunningham says no apple-
grower has even tenanted a prison in
B.C. Same with primers. Lor! what
a happy family we will be.
For sale. Two bulldog teeth; three
pair pants chewed in the rear attack,
one cow bell, one water barrel, one
office towel, six bundles of " new "
jokes, and copyright of " cent belt,"
"upper stope" and "grey matter."
All Lowery relics. Apply Review office.
We have to thank many of our fellow
citizens for remarks of praise and all
that sort of thing upon our changing
our location, but we want to say right
here that it is mammon we want, not
honey. The almighty iron is a pretty
scarce quantity with us just at present,
so If we ask for bread don't give us
rocks, and for goodness sake don't be
too lavish with praise���it's cheap, nasty
and not negotiable. Let us gaze on
your collateral. You pipe and we'll
dance. Beg, borrow or steal tbe price
and come in to make your peace with
the printer. It's m-o-n-e-y in capital
letters and underlined that makes our
wheels go round. Bring in your ads.
and watch our smoke,
J. R. Revill. late C.P.R. agent here
was in town Wednesday.
Thomas E. Cue and daughter, father
and sister respectively of the Cue boys,
arrived in New Denyer last Thursday
from London, Eng., and report a rough
passage on the turtine steamer Virginian. Miis M. B. Cue will take up
residence here, and Mr. Cue will shortly
return to the old country with the probability of returning in tho spring with
his wife. Both father and daughter
have words of praise for our unrivalled
scenery and climate. The trip overland
was via Chicago, where Harold Cue, nt
one time on the Ledge staff, is now
tapping linotype keys.
A pretty home wedding was celebrated on the 6th ult. at Enderby, tho
eont raciing parlies being Evelyn Byrnes
and Philip Dawson Ahier, both greatly
respected New Denver people. The
happy young couple were united by the
Rev. Mr. Campbell, at the residence of
C. E, Strickland, in the presence of the
bride's Bister and father. We join
their many friends in best wishes for
future happiness.
H. W. Fraser, ef Perry's Siding, recently paid a visit to Sandon in the interests of the Orange order, and while
there uuexpectedly renewed the acquaintanceship of the Tattrie brothers,
who went to school with him in Tata-
magoush, N.S. Nothing short of a banquet could fit such a reunion, and one
was accordingly given in honor of tbe
viaitor in Sandon'a beat style,
Mountain goats appear to be plentiful
above 8-Mile. A prospector told us he
had seen a bunch up there every day
for the past three weeks.
Pal. Gallagher and wife, accompanied
by Jack McGrath and bride, lett recently for their old home in Eganville,
Ont. They will ba away about six
weeks. Pat has just made another big
clean-up in a timber deal.
There has been some activity in real
estate the past few weeks, a sure sign of
the times. The Bank of Montreal has
purchased the fine residence and lot
recently owned by L. Alexander, and
Mrs. Williams bas purchased lots 16,
19 and 80 in block 20 from Harry
Lowe. Colin J. Campbell secured
lot 15 in the same block.   Real estate
Keep your eve on tio
is moving up.
ueirver.
Leaving behind 9 below zero weather
in Manitoba a fortnigtii ago, Messrs.
C. B.Harris and P. Wells are ao charmed
with our surroundings that they will
shortlv be with us for good. Tliey could
hardly believe it possible that they
conld pick green peas and bush fruits at
this time of year, but tbey have seen
and consequently belieye. Watch the
influx of Manitobans to our God kissed
country next spring.
That a good hotel is a profitable acquisition to any city or town can not be
doubted. The Newmarket Hotel, now
being reconstructed and greatly improved, will, ere the warm breezes of
early spring hover o'er ub, be a joy to
westward hound tourists looking for
luxury and creature comforts, and the
pride of New Denver people generally.
The ambitious program of citizen
Stege is to be commended, and we
trnst that before the season ends, his
bank roll will be as large as his enterprise calls for.
Roy Black and Dan McLachlan shot
a fine deer above the Molly Hughes
early thia week. They were out after
"bear," but prepared to bag anything
on lour It*et. They brought down the
head Monday, and Roy left the following
morning with Jean Peterson to bring
down tbe carcase. Roy bas greatly distinguished himself in the chase this season, wbich goes to show that any easterner who can shoot straight will find
ample sport among the big game on our
hills. Bolivar will dine exclusively on
venison till Christmas.
Our next door neighbor is a smart
looking young fellow who is running a
jewelry store. In confidence we asked
him the other day what his nationality
was. Hereplied: "Threo kinds a' mix-
up." His name is B. Wing and hia ad.
appears elsewhere.
H. Stege has purchased outright the
Newmarket Hotel.
Several dances have been held at
Rosebery recently.
Mra. II. Stege is now touring the continent with her brother and sister, Mr.
and Mrs Hoover, who were visitors here
last summer.
Giovanni Losco, who broke his neck
recently at the Sunset mine by falling
down a shaft, was 34 years of age, and
leaves a wife and three children at Posi-
nB, Italy, to mourn his loss. Deceased
waa a practical miner and was well
known in the Kootenays, he having
worked for some time at the Molly Gibson, also at Phoenix and Whitewater.
We are indebted to Louis Gabriel for
these particulars. The deceased man
was interred at Sandon, according to
the rites of the Catholic church, Fr.
Jeannotte officiating, when a large number of bis late friends from Silverton
paid their last respects.
G. N. Gilchrist, Nelson, representing the Singer Co. was in town yesterday.
Ed. Atherton andC. E. Anderson
were down from Sandon this week on
a hunting trip. Ed. caught a couple
of grouse and Cecil caught a cold.
Mrs. Mary AJay, of Montrose, Colorado
sister to Mrs. Bolander arrived oa Wednesday to Bpend the winter here. Mrs.
May, who is 77 years of sge, made the
8000 miles trip alone. This hale old
dame was in Goldlields, Nev., in '49
when that city was but an Indian camp.
This is not her first trip to New Denver.
We congratulate our esteemed friend
Con. Stewart upon the arrival of ('tis
hard to write it) twins, whicli happy
event occurred last week. At Con's
wedding party Jay-Jay was asked to
toast the happy bride and groom, and
he, ever ready to help out, rose glass in
hand and said something like this:
" Long 1 iie to the happy conple; may
these be their dullest* moments; may
their children be as numerous as the
hairs on their heads I" Oh dear, oh
dear! Preserve ub from making another
toast at a wedding. If you ste it in the
Review iis ao. Fancy Con. a daddy,
and a pair to draw to. Fancy Jim
Thompson a grandfather. Now,
would'nt that jar you ?
T. H. Hoben has resigned as Fire
Chief. J. Black has received the appointment.
Boost for the Slocan.
L. Alexander and family are visiting
friends in Victoria.
J. McCauley sold his two storey residence this week to a local party. Keep
your eye on real estate. Fortunes will
be made while you sleep.
The Altar Society of the Catholic
Church desire to heartily thank all who
assisted to make the recent entertainment a social and financial success.
The "Fraternal Sunday" at Sandon
arranged for by Missioner Baynes for
Sunday next has been unavoidably postponed.       ___________
No Occupation So Fascinating
As Fruitjaising.
The moat independent man in the
world ia he who owns and cultivates a
piece of land. There is a fascination
about watching and cultivating crops
that is to be found in no other occupation followed by man. Then there ia
im ���.vi   _t-vuim uor. 111   uie crowning
feature of.the years work���harvesting
the crop. When a man owns a piece
of land and cultivates it himself, he has
the conscious satisfaction that every
improvement he makes or everything
that be plants, or every bit of stock that
be raises, will redound to bis benefit
and profit. It is one of the occupations
which, if followed with prudence and
industry, a person can scarcely fail to
acquire a competence. Take for instance the planting of an orchard on a
portion of one's holdings, with the cultivation of vegetables and small fruits
between the trees. Iu five or six years
the trees will yield a comfortable income,
far beyond the salary of any other vocation. A bearing orchard of this description in the Slocan is as good as
$1000 in cash, to any man. With ten or
twelve acres of such an orchard, what
a snug little asset one haa! How many
men, receiving good wages, even after
thirty years of hard work, are able to
show $10,000 to tlieir credit? Moral:
get ten or twenty acres of Slocan land,
plant it to trees, earn a living from small
crops between the trees while the orchard is maturing, and at the end of
five or six years you have accnmulated
provision for the rest of your days.
Aside from the contented life which
surrounds one in Ihe cultivation of the
soil, freed from the rush and worry a nd
cares of commercial competition, where
ia there a belter and safer and more substantial investment than natures endowment of land and timber? Its value
is constantly increasing; it rolls up
wealth for you while you sleep, and it
brings that health and contentment
which a business life does not know.
In all this broad Dominion, no province
is so richly endowed aa is the province
of British Columbia. The luxurious
vegetation, the equable climate and
the unparalleled markets are constant
revelations. Along the beautiful Slocan
Valley are produced such fine fruits
vege'al'les, grains and grasses, that one
really marvels at the fertility of the soil.
Apples, pears, plums, berries and small
fruits yield a bountiful income. It is
not uncommon for an acre of strawberries to yield $500 net. There is not a
man raising strawberries in the Slocan
who cannot actually show such profits.
Results tell the tale. Tbe people of the
prairie provinces want fruit and the
rich Kootenay can furnish it. A few
acres of Slocan valley land will make
vou independent for life.
The advantages of a mild climate will
insure British Columbia a greater influx
than lhe northwest ever experienced.
Canada is the liomeseeker's Mecca, and
British Columbia ia'the place of plenty..
Here a man can find ready employment
during the winter months at from .8
to $3.60 per day, and devote thu rest of
the year to his land. In the Slocan
valley the temperature averages from
80 to 90 degrees in the summer months,
and the coldest days of winter seldom
get below zero.
Dr. Brouse received a hurry up call
to Nakusp yesterday to attend Mrs.
We'nsley, who was. seriously. ilT. ;?A
special engine took the doc. down. He
returned in the evening and reported
the lady much better.
Lat
Bo.
Ladies of.
Gave Sot
Ladies
MB
* hefln
* and faftoj
a
��'��*-�� -tWrtel
'�����-��fal  _o_._
Tn""��<.��> eve���
'on* "**t c��o��
'-*�����* WMtasI
*��e MXl a. pi
'"�� w��t buj
T����H*r
��Pt the-
ottbei
������������of
' *��lijh��
The Ladies aid
church gave a vory 1
thc K. of P. hall on
last, when the large re
to overflowing. The st.
fully arranged with foli
cenium and tableau curta
(or (he occasion. Mr. 'a
acted as chairman and he k
going for the major portion
ram. There were several gai
quiet order which were grcatl*
hy all present, but a now depai
tne pumpkin race, for which
twonty juvenile competitors to
mark, They were sent off in he.
four, the modus operandi being to
die a pumpkin with a lead pencil thr-
ehaii s arranged in maze fashion. 1
was highly amusing as each competii
had to manipulate his or her own pum_
kin between tbe chairs. Aftei all the
heats had been run, a second round was
run off, and when the final was announced, Miss Ethel Burgess aud her
brother Hartley were the sole survivors.
The roam rang with cheers when the
young lady defeated her brother in hollow fashion. She received a handsome
prize.
A special word of praise is due the
choral society, whose numbers "The
Belfry Tower" and "Good Night" were
rendered in pleasing style. Mr. Nelson
gave a humorous recitation iu his own
inimitable manner and Mr. Hyde sang
Loch Lomond in fine voice, for which be
received unstinting applause and an encore. Mra. Rankin's pianoforte selection.  "II  C-prricola,^ was ^fflli^t
difficult to find a more accompllahed
pianist in the Kootenays. Jack Holden
made his initial bow to a Slocan audience
as a ban joist and he certainly surprised
his hearers. He is a really clever player
and the aiidieineopenedeut to bim for
his musical effort. A humorous dialogue entitled "The Old Maids'Repair
Shop," wss well staged, in which the
versatile Charlie Nelson as the doctor
kept the audience in roars of laughter.
The other characters were cspably portrayed by Miss Mohr, Miss Kennedy,
Mrs. Chalmers, and Miss McVicar.
'ui* wai
Aboat
"d tba
Us* of
trus,-
���oghrl
hia I
or
A successful concert and dramatic en'"'
tertainment was given in the Bosnit
Hall on Tuesday evening hy the Altar
Society of tbe Catholic church, when
long before the curtain rose there waa
standing room only. Bev. Frs. Jeannotte and Coccola were present, but
prompted by the spirit of true Christian
relationship, Missioner Baynes, of tho
Anglican church, ' consented at the
eleventh hour to officiate as chairman,
a position he filled with credit to him-
eelf and to the great satisfaction of the
audience.
The program was interspersed with
vocal and instrumental numbers, supplied by local talent, all of which wero
roundly applauded. The Choral society
contributed two selections in a manner
which showed promise of a great musical future for that aggregation. That
Irish songs of A. J. McCauley were exceedingly well sung, but we would recommend this young comedian to bo
more circumspect in his future romarks
re the "coal-office," way under. However, there was no great harm done and
we shall all be pleased to hear him sing
again. Harry Lowo mado a decided hit
in a dialogue with Mrs. H Aylwin, entitled "A Song of Home." Mrs. Ayl-
win, too, played the part of the daughter iu pleasing manner. Mr. Lowe also
sang "Taps," a soldiers song, in full
khaki uniform, with bugle symphony
played by A. St. O. Brindle. Encored,
he sang "Mama's Boy" in fine voice
and style. Mrs. Rankino gave a very
difficult pianoforte solo entitled "Tito
Matloi," in a capable manner. Willie
Atherton eang "My Irish Molly, O,"
in fine voice and encored, Willie sang
"Good Old Jeff." Purley Ward and
Geo. Hope gave a vaudeville turn which
for amateurs was the best ever seen in
the Slocan. "Turn Him Out'" a farce
iu one act, was creditab'y performed by
the Sandon Social club. Miss K. McArdle as Susan soon won the admiration
of the house. Her acting was vivacious
and natural, indeed she is Ihe best
"Susan" we ever saw���and we have
seen this faree a good many times,
Purley Ward as Nick Nobb. is a whirlwind. He could givo pointers to soma,
professionals. Geo. Hope as the much-
turned-out and injured husband was
funny. Mrs. J.J Atherton played Mrs.
Moke in a satisfactory manner, and
J. J. Atherton olayed the "dude" in a
manner that left no doubt as to his lack
of ability in this direction, hut the audience being iu goo 1 humor he was not
"esged."
Harry Lowe and XV. Tuttrio played
Sam and Hill in a capable manner.
Indeed they  were tlj,ahit of the-piny.
After supffert|h. quadrille club gave*
a grand 1)811, about forty couples being
���present. Mf^s Simi'king and Neil McMillan supplied the music. Charlie
Nelson as floor-manager filled the bill. .���-.:-
THE  SLOCAN MINING REVIEW,  SANDON,  B.  C.
The Fourth
Lady In Waiting.
By EDITH J. HULBERT.
Copy-rigM, 19D6, by P. C. Eaetment.
"A herald from his Imperial majestj
the czar pf Russia!"
There was a flare of trumpets, an
eager swaying of the lines of courtiers, a soft ripple of laughter and then
silence,  j
Before jme stretched an Interminable
path Of red velvet, flanked on either
side by rows of umirirtn**** bowing creatures clad In rainbow hued satins, velvets and glittering with jewels. At the
farther end, on a throne of ivory and
gold, sat a regal, white robed woman,
crowned and girdled with diamonds.
.Behind her stood two dusky giants
tnijestlcally waving fans of peacock
feathers. At her feet knelt two tiny
. puges attired in blue and silver.
Bhe was the queen of Bodalva and
.one of the most beautiful women ln the
world. I was a nobody. It was my
province to deliver into her royal hand
the scroll intrusted to my keeping by
iny gracious master. For weeks I had
been looking forward to this audience
with feverish eagerness. But now, at
the crucial moment, when grace of
bearing and fluency of speech would
perhaps serve to win me a smile from
those perfect lips, I stood gaping like
a clown In the midst of her lackeys.
My feet refused to move, my knees
trembled, the scroll In my hand shook,
my tongue clove to the roof of my
mouth. There was a muffled giggle on
my right Then a clear, exquisitely
modulated voice smote the air like the
notes o( a golden harp.
"Methlnks," said the queen, flashing
laughter from her violet eyes, "that the
messenger of onr fair cousin, the czar,
Is unduly overawed by our presence.
Be not afraid to approach, Sir Herald.
We are quite harmless."
Again came that subdned giggle, all
the more maddening that It had about
It a baffling familiarity, but at a frown
from the queen it was quickly suppressed.
Summoning all my will power, I
plunged desperately forward and In a
moment was kneeling at the foot of the
throne between the two pages.
"The humble as well as tbe great,
your majesty," I faltered, "are overcome by the spell of beauty."
She smiled and, Indicating by a gesture that I was to rise, took tbe scroll
and, unrolling it, hastily scanned Its
contents.
A change, swift and terrible, came
over her countenance. Her eyes flashed. Her cheeks paled. Her lips
straightened to a scarlet line. Tearing
the parchment thrice across, sho cast
It at my feet and hissed in a low tone
of concentrated fury: "That, varlet, is
my answer to your master!    See that
haste! "O&t of my'sTgnT.'' "MoW^,e
Then again her wonderful voice rang
out In all Its clearness.
"Men of Bodalva," she said, "never
while Sylvia lives shall you bend your
neck beneath the yoke of the Russian
tyrant!"
"Long live Queen Sylvia!" shouted
the courtiers. And from somewhere in
the distance came tbe sounds of tumultuous applause���clapping, stamping
and cries of "Brava!   Brava!"
Mechanically I backed down the red
velvet path, unheeding the hisses and
bla<*U looks which beset me on either
side, nud presently found myself In a
small anteroom, the walls of which
wero hung with doublets, hose, cloaks,
plumed bats and various articles of
armor. Almost Immediately I was confronted by a tall, thin, flashily dressed
niuu, who eyed me with an expression
of extreme disfavor.
"See here," he said. "We don't want
supers lu this company to forget their
cues and occupy the center of the stagt
for ten minutes, and we don't want
any Hues thrown in either. The man
wbo wrote that play cau attend to
that."
"But," I stammered, "the queen-
Miss Ellsworth���said something to me
that wasn't in"���
"What's that to you?" he Interrupted
sarcastically. "You're not a star just
yet, ure you? Who are you, anyway?
Oue of them young chap's from the college, ain't you?"
I nodded.
"First time on?"
Again I nodded. He shrugged his
shoulders.
"Well, I won't report you If you look
sharp for the rest of the performance.
Luckily for you the boss is away tonight. What are you doing it for, anyway? Stage struck or Els worth struck?"
I did not deign to answer, and, with
a derisive guffaw, he went out, slumming the door behind him.
I had been alone scarcely a minute
wbeii that irritating giggle again fell
upon my ears.
"Who's there?" I cried, flinging open
the door and peering Into the dimly
lighted corridor.
*'Sh! Go back!" whispered a feminine
voice. And as I obeyed its command
the doorway framed a petite golden
haired damsel, resplendent ln pink satin and a court train.
I seized ber hands and drew her to
the center of the room under the electric light
"Elfrida!" I gasped. "What are you
doing here?"
She dropped me a stately courtesy.
"The Countess Olga, fourth lady ln
waiting to her majesty Queen Sylvia,
at your service," she said, with dignity.
Then she giggled and blushed.
"It was you, then, who kept laughing
nil the time I was on the stage," I said
reproachfully.
Elfrida (joked penitent
"It waa mean of me," she admitted.
���������sut you did look so funny!" Sbe giggled again at the recollection.
I mado no reply ln words, but I let
her see that I forgave her.
"Where did you come from? How
did you get here? Why haven't you
written to me in all these weeks?" I
asked as soon as I felt sure she thoroughly understood my mental attitude
regarding her.
"Mme. Brenner's, New Haven. Skipped with the show Saturday night
Couldn't write. Watched every minute," she answered with unwomanly
lucidity and brevity.
Eifriila   always  was  different  from
other gflrls. This was why I made
such a fool of myself over her last
summer'after my junior year that the
governor was afraid I never would
stand for the senior grind at Harvard.
If he had remembered that I was on
the crew, he wouldn't have been so
scared. "I could not love thee, dear, so
much loved I not honor more," I had
quoted solemnly to Elfrida the night
we said goodby.
That was why she was packed off to
that beast of a Brenner when sbe
shonld have been queening it in Albany society. She was so original tbat
when there was no Immediate danger
of her eloping with me her father was
afraid that she might take up slumming or typing or Insist on going to
the Philippines to nurse the soldiers.
Brenner had doubtless been apprised
of these contingencies, but apparently
the possibility of Elfrida succumbing
to the ordinary schoolgirl variety of
stage fever had occurred to no one.
Consequently with her power of resource It was mere child's play for ber
to "break Jail," as she expressed It,
during the relaxed vigilance of the Saturday evening recreation hour and
subsequently to coax her way to the
manager's presence. As far as he was
concerned, to see was to engage. Did
I mention that Elfrida was a ripping,
tearing beauty? Well, such ls the
case, and she confided to me that she
was paying for her own costumes.
"You must go back at once," I snld
sternly as soon as we bad compared
notes on the numerous exciting events
which had occurred since our parting.
"And give up earning my own living," demanded Elfrida indignantly.
"Just when I have proved how easily I
can do It?"
"You've only been at It two days," I
remarked, "and as It ls the 4th of the
month I suppose you still have most
of your allowance."
Instantly I saw my mistake. Elfrida
turned her back on me, and for fully
two minutes every one of my usual
methods of effecting a reconciliation
failed utterly. At length a brilliant
idea came to me.
"If you will leave the company tonight I will," I said tn the tone of one
making the sacrifice of a lifetime.
Elfrida displayed signs of Interest.
She didn't of course know that my engagement, like that of a dozen other
fellows who were members of the
queen's guard, was only for the current week.
"You are willing, then, to forego the
pursuit of the queen?" inquired Elfrida, quoting from tbe play with mock
Intensity. I detected, however, an undercurrent of real anxiety In her voice
and hastened to reassure her.
"Anything that I gave up for your
sake would be tbe next moment forgotten," I replied dramatically.
She allowed me to kiss her.
"I will do It," she said after a moment's deliberation. "But we will both
have to forfeit our salaries."
I glanced at the cloclf. It was quarter after 0, and I knew by the noise
outside that the flist act was just over.
Seizing the fourth lady in waitin*. under down the corridor" to" the Taffies
dressing room.
"Borrow a long dark coat if you
haven't got one," I whispered, "and
pin that flummery under It I will
have a cab here In five minutes, and
you can get the 9:40 for New Haven."
She obeyed my directions, and twenty minutes later I stood alone on the
station platform disconsolately watching the rapidly disappearing train that
was bearing her Brennerwards.
I got back In time for the third act
all right, but I didn't succeed In meeting Miss Elsworth after the performance, nor sny other time, for that matter, for I kept my promise and quit
that night
In tbis case, however, virtue met
with a substantial reward, for when
the episode came to tbe ears of my father and of Elfrlda's they were so impressed by my masterly handling of
the situation that they permitted our
engagement to be announced.
TO TEACH AGRICULTURE.
French School Meals.
In some of the rural districts of
France every boy or girl takes to
school ln the morning a handful of vegetables and puts them ln a large pan
of water. They are then washed by
one of the other pupils, who take turns
at performing tbis duty. Later the
vegetables are placed In a kettle with
water and a piece of pork and are
cooked while the lessons are going on.
At 11:30 each scholar has a bawl of
hot soup. To cover the cost of fuel and
meat the richer pupils pay a small sum
each month.
A Marriage Warning.
In Germany all marriages bave to be
contracted before a register previous
to the ceremony ln church, which ls
optional. The law requires public
notice to be given of the match, and
this notice ls generally exhibited In
a box bung up at tbe town hall or other municipal building. The following
official announcement appeared lately
in a small town: "From today there is
fixed at the town hall the new box, ln
which all those who Intend to enter
the married state will be hung."
Not Labor Lost.
Tbe safe bore a paper stating that
there was nothing of value wlthlr-
Nevertheless the burglar blew the r��
ceptacle open, finding the statement
correct "Well," he remarked, gathering up his tools, "it's worth something
to ascertain that there are still people
who   tell   the   truth."
To be able to hare the things wc
want that ls riches, bnt to be able to
do without that is power.-MafrtonaJd
Flatten*)
Governor Frank Front*- of Oklahoma
tells the following story of camp life
with the rough riders before they were
transported to Ci.ln:
"Before we were vihlpped to Cuba
time dragged heavily on our hands,
and even those who left home well supplied with funds found themselves absolutely broke before the transpoit sailed. Everybody borrowed from the other fellow.
"I was standing near an Irish sergeant -ne day wheu a member of our
troop approached him and asked to
borrow a dime.
"The Irish sergeant looked at him s
moment. Then a queer smile lit up hit
face ar.d he replied In his rich brogue:
" 'Ah, ve flatthererl' "-Rldgwav's.
Plan   to   Establish   Schools   For   ths
Benefit of Farmers.
An important experiment in the
teaching of agriculture is about to be
inaugurated which, it is hoped, will
be beneficial to the farming community in particular and the Province in
general. In brief, the scheme embodies the co-operation of tlie trustees
of county high schools, the Department of Education and the Department of Agriculture. The trustees of
Beveral high schools have already signified a readiness to enter into the
scheme, and indeed have urged that
it be tried.
Classes   In   Agriculture.
The plan provides a grant to each
high school that will establish as one
of its regular classes a class in agriculture, and will agree to appoint a
teacher recommended by the Agricultural Department as a member of the
teaching staff. He will teach his
class in agriculture in the most modern and scientific phase of that industry as for as the means at his disposal will allow. The trustees will
have to provide a plot of ground adjacent to  or  in  the  neighborhood  of
LINKS WITH THE PAST
QUAINT OLD HOUSE WHERE ADMIRAL  BLAKE  WAS BORN.
JOHN M'QUAKER,
President  Western Ontario   Dairymen's
Association.
the school, which will be used for
actual and practical experiments, and
to provide the equipment for the
class, whatever that may be. The material for the experimental plots will,
however, be furnished by the experimental department of the Ontario
Agricultural College. The classes
will specialize according to the agricultural wants and conditions nf the
districts in which the schools are situate. In fruit-growing sections particular attention will be paid to fruit
culture. In essentially grain-growing
or vegetable-raising sections those
branches will receive the greatest attention.
To Select Teachers.
The teachers selected for the oari*.*-
Ing on of the work will b3 men who
have taken high standing at the Ontario Agricultural College, and wlio in
other respects are qualified for the
work.
The teachers will devote their time
exclusively  to  agricultural  work.    If
their time is not monopolized in theii
respective high   schools   it  is   to   be
available for assisting or encouraging
sunicultnral and nature Btudy in tlie
rural Burtuvio.    .i*^.. ..........      n* ���i
so be utilized in a general agricultural
campai.#i throughout the country.
They will keep in close touch with the
Agricultural Department, sending information as to pests, now and interesting developments in connection
with farming, and the general conditions in respect thereto.
Dairy Cleanliness.
At the national dairy convention
held in Chicago some very interesting
facts were brought out relative to the
keeping qualities of milk and cream
handled under the most cleanly and
sanitary conditions. In the dairy
which produced the prize milk in this
respect the udders of all the cows
wero carefully wiped with a damp
eloth, while the milk pails were covered with a fine wire screen, which
further served to keep out foreign
matter which would be likely to contain filth bacteria. This milk was
separated at once, cooled and iced
and shipped a thousand miles to the
place of exhibition and placed in
storage for two weeks at a temperature of 32 degrees. It was then re-
shipped 900 miles and stored in an
ordinary icebox, where it kept sweet
for weeks. A portion of the some milk
was kept in Chicago and stored at
S3 degrees, at which it kept sweet and
palatable for Beven weeks. There is an
object lesson here that the careless
creamery patron ought to heed.
Tht Task of To-Day.
A Nova Scotia subscriber writes:
"The business of the fanner to-day
is to hold on to all the wisdom of tbe
post -and reject all its folly and ignorance. For instance, it was folly and ignorance that robbed such a vast number of our eastern farms of their fertility. It is our business to bring to
bear all the knowledge of the present
and restore that fertility. When that
Is done we are more than even with the
West. It was ignorance that lowered the
productive power of our cows by
wrong breeding. We must bring to
bear better knowledge and correct
that. It was ignorance that built
those dark, illy ventilated stables and
so helped tuberculosis on its journey.
We must correct that. It was ignorance that caused bo many to turn
their back to the light. We of to-day
must face the light, and so it goes."
Well, yes. So it goes, and so we
hope it will go, and blessed be the
man who help makes it go in the way
onr Nova Scotia friend so vividly defines.
Foot Notes.
The best way to doctor a sheep is
by the feed given. Cure-alls for sick
sheep are dangerous things. Let them
alone.
If you see big patches of wool loosening upon the backs of the sheep,
look out for scab. Get those sheep out
of the flock.
A good looking horse with a sound
leg on each of its four corners and
not afraid of anything is worth good
money just now.- -Farm JournaL
Tbe word Idea formerly meant s
completed performance whether men*
tal or physical.
Matrimony In Central Africa.
Quails are plentiful at Lake Nyanza,
and after being snared in the grass by
the natives they are kept In small
wicker cages strung on a long pole
stuck In the ground. When a sufficient
number of quails have been collected
they can be exchanged with a neighbor
���for all the world like aoupons���for
wlvea-Brevet Major E. G. T. Bright
CM. G., ln Wide World M_a_-azlna.
No Place Has Greater Interest For
Englishmen���Home of the Blakss
In 1598 Typical of Many Occupied
by Merchants of That Day ��� Haa
B.j.mlngly Severe Rather Than a
Picturesque Aspect.
Bridgwater, in Somerset, is full of
historic associations. It has none
of greater interest to Englishmen,
however, than the quaint old house
in which the great Admiral Robert
Blake first saw the light in 1598. The
dwelling, which is a low, rambling
building, has a severe rather than a
picturesque aspect. This, however,
may be taken as rather becoming
than otherwise, when we remember
tlie great Cromwellian it nurtured and
sheltered. Ita square, niany-panod
*.vindo>3 and low, sloping roof, togeth-
**��� with the wide apartments, remain
much the same to-day as when Blake's
family held it.
It was a hoipe typical of many oc-
eupied by the merchants of that day.
For Robert Blake was the sou of a
merchant, and was intended for a
nioicliitnt's position. He was sent to
Oxford, where he entered first at St.
Albi.n's Hall, and then migrated to
Wadhaui, which college, by the way,
possesses the best portrait of tlie
groat soldier aud admiral that Ib ill
existence.
When he had graduated Blake, as
it was intended he should do, went
���  AUMIIIAL BLAKE'S BIKTHPLACB.
in for business, and was elected foi
I'luiiuinent for his native town in
1610. Three yenrs later he showed
what soldierly stuff was in him, tak*
ing a prominent part in the defence
of Bristol against the Royalists. Then
lie was made lieutenant of Popham'a
regiment, and soon was famous. He
held Lyme against the Royalists, took
and held Taunton against them. His
turn to be a sailor came then. Ha
was appointed general and admiral
nt s .a, and his first great feat as such
was tlie destruction of Prince Rupert's
ships. His victories against the Dutih
nre matters of history. He destroyed
��� j - 2*���.-i.._*1 pirate fleet _n 1655, and
the Spanish West jjiuiuj. a... _.. _���_,.,_
ta Cruz in 1637. Returning to England, lie died of fever on the wiy
find was buried in Westminster Ab
bey. At the Restoration the body ol
tliia great Englishman was remora:
from its resting-place ��� one of tha
meanest revenges ever taken. i
Bridgwater still oherishes Blake'.,
memory, and the house he was fcorii
In remains n place of pilgrimage for
iilf lovers of heroio souls.
Animals Photograph Themselves.
.."Pkotographio views of animals are
obviously quite invaluable to the zoologist, who cannot possibly study every species in nature," says the author. "In the case of wild animals,
where immediate observation is especially difficult for obvious reasons,
;he role of photography becomes particularly important, and it certainly
Is of interest that Mr. C. G. Schillings,
lhe well known African explorer,
should have succeeded in photographing wild animals in tlieir free stato,
thus penetrating into the deepest secrets of the forests of the dark continent.
"Special devices of ingenious construction had to be made, by means
of which shy animals could be compelled, unOer certain conditions, to
photograph themselves by night, quite
unconsciously, with tlie nid of flash
lights. This ingenious Idea of automatical photography is due to Mr.
Schillings himself, who developed the
firocess to a high degree of perfeo-
ion in the course of several years of
arduous work in the African' forests.
Tt may be mentioned that, in view
Of Schillings' successful result, tho
tame devices have now been made
accessible to the public."���The Technical World.
Results In Roentgen Therapy.
Charles Lester Leonard believes that
the Roentgen ray is one of the most
powerful of therapeutic agents. It
ihould be administered witli caution
and only by those who are educated
and competent to observe its physic**-
ogical action. Experimental studies
iave been confirmed by clinical ex-
jerknee. It has been demonstrated
hat this agent a .ts primarily upon
the lymphatics, destroying them nnd
localizing the disease, thus preventing any spread or metastasis. The
rays have been shown to produce a
marked inorease in metabolic activity. They render a very valuable service as a palliative agent, lengthening life and alleviating Buffering in
cases of malignant diseases.
With a Slight Correction.
Miss Peachley (dining at a restaurant)���Auntie, do you see that handsome young man over at the other
table drumming on his plate with a
forkP Do you suppose he is making
'hose ticktacka to attract our atten-
ion.
Chaperon���Tes, dear, but such tactics are rude and boorish. Don't no*
tSce him.  	
One of Them.
Mrs. Hoyle���My husband says thai
when he met me It was a case of love
at sight Mrs. Doyle���There are lots
of Instances of defective vision.���New
York Press.	
Preparing For It.
"Hello, Stlnjay!" cried Knox. "Looking for anybody?"
"Why, yes," replied Stlnjay. "Wiseman was to meet me here at 6 o'clock
to go home to dinner with me, and it's
C now."
"Oh, he'll be along! I Just saw hlm
finishing a porterhouse steak in that
restaurant down the street"*
THE  TONGUE  OF  A  BIRD.
An Organ Which  Varies Much In tha
Different Species.
Few people bave given thought to
the subject of birds' tongues. Many,
even of the amateur bird students,
know little of the literature on the
subject and su'l less from personal ob
servation.
Birds must use tbelr bills as hauds.
and to some extent the tongues supple
ment such use. Thus nut and seed
eating birds extract the kernel from
the shell, which is cracked between
the mandibles.
The full complement of bones of the
tongue consists of eight The shape
varies considerably In different species,
and the comparative size very much
more, although tbere Is a prevailing
general resemblance. The size and development of tin* various bone*-* control the shape ami utility of the organ..
Well developed frnul bones mean a
thick, fleshy tons-'iie. such as we find
ln members of Un* duck family, while
smnll forward bones usually accompany a small tongue of less Importance
to the owner, sometimes little more
than rudimentary, like that of the pelican.
Among such birds as have occasion
to protrude the tongue well beyond tbe
tip of the bill the bind bones are mur*
velously developed and greatly elongated, for these are the bones on which
the tongue ls hung.
The edges of the tongues of most
birds are more or less fringed, this feature being most noticeable ln thin
tongues. Most birds have u greater on
less number of papillae���small fleshy
projections, spinelike ln appearance
and usually Inclined backward���on the
upper surface of the tongue. These
are of service ln working the food
backward toward the throat
Some of .the sea birds have very simple tongues, which serve but little purpose. The tongues of the honey creepers have very fine and long feathering,
while those of the woodpecker are long,
slender and pointed, and the roots of
some species curve clear around the
back of the skull, up over the crown,
and their tips rest at the base of the
upper mandible. With the exception
of the sapsuckers the tongues of woodpeckers are capable of great protrusion, and tlie tip ts barbed. The sap-
suckers, however. Instead of having
sharp, barbed tongues like those of
other woodpeckers, huve brushlike
tongues as a result of the degeneration
of the bristles on their surface Into
hairs standing out from the tongue
rather than pointing backward.
Birds witb long bills do not always
have correspondingly long tongues.
The kingfishers, with their disproportionately large bills, have short tongues.
The outer edges of the very long
tongues of humming birds nre closely
rolled up into,- twp tubes lying side by
side, by mearts of which the birds nre
enabled to suck tbe nectar from flowers.
Utility of Censors.
"When Maxim Gorky dined with
me," said a literary New Yorker, "he
talked about tbe Russian censorship.
"He said that in the course of the
Russo-Japanese wur no wa ...niinn
ln an article to describe the headquarters of one of the grand dukes. He
wtote of these headquarters, among
other things:
" 'And over the desk ln his highness'
tent Is a large photograph of Marie la
Jamb,   the beautiful ballet dancer.'
"Before this article could appear the
censor changed that sentence to, 'And
over the desk In his highness' tent ls a
large map of the theater of war.'"
The Ostrich.
In Its habits, methods of life and
prejudices tlie ostrich ls one of the
most curious creatures of the animal
kingdom. It cannot be tamed, though
It ls easily traluel io harness. When
taught to race it seems to delight ln a
brush on the track or road with a
borse. The gait of the ostrich Is a
lumbering sort of Jog trot, which becomes delightfully easy when the bird
ls traveling fast Unhampered with
a rider and traveling with the wind
this  muscular  creature can  outstrip
any horse.
t -
Machinery and Labor.
A generation or two ago men and
women worked very long hours, and
children had to work, too, ln order to
produce enough to support tho work-
Ingman's family. The growth of capital and the employment of machinery
have added so much to the efficiency
of labor that long hours for adults are
no longer necessary, and the industrial
employment of children under fourteen
can be entirely dispensed with.���American Review of Reviews,
A Fatal Error.
Borrowes���Nellie, hand me my umbrella, will you? It has commenced to
rain. Mrs. B.���I lent your umbrella to
Mr. Sweetfern last night Borrowes���
What In thunder did you do that for?
Didn't you know it was his?���Spare
Moments.
TREES VS. GRAIN.
Did Her Worst
Hicks���She threatened all sorts of
things, and finally he got desperate and
exclaimed, "Do your worst!" Wicks���
And what did she do? Hicks���Very
coolly she began to play the piano.
Wicks���I see. She took him at his
word.
Quite a Difference.
"Say, paw, what does it mean to live
to a ripe old age?"
"When a rich man gets to be eighty,
my son, he ls at a ripe old age. A
poor man is merely old and decrepit"
Mercury and Air.
The reason that mercury rises and
falls lu the barometer is that dry air ls
heavy, moist air is light, und the column of mercury Is affected by atmospheric pressure. The tube of a barometer being open at the bulb'end, the
air when moist cannot support the
weight of tne mercury. When the air
is dry, the mercury cannot resist Its
weight; hence the rise and fall ln dry
and wet weather.
Broke the Ice.
"Sir," exclaimed the indignant Boston girl after the kiss had been stolen,
"how dare youi No man ever kissed
me before!"
"Oh, that's nil right!" replied ,the
nervy youth. "Somebody had to break
the Ice."
Why Trees Should Usually Be Planted Only On the Poorer Soils.
A very important distinction between a crop of trees and a crop oi
grain or other farm produce lies in
the length of' time it takes to produce
each of them.
A farmer, toi, instance, sows hia
grain in the spring of the year. It
sprouts, goes through the different
stages in the blade and the head, and
ripens, all in a few months, and in
the late summer is harvested. The
raising of o timber crop is a different
matter entirely. The tree rarely, if
ever, is fit to cut (for saw-timber, at
least) before it is forty or fifty years
old.
Even if the annual crops (i. e., the
amount of grain harvested and the
annual amount of wood put on the
frees) are equal in value, yet the advantage remains with the grain crops.
Let us suppose we hove an acre ol
trees whicli must grow fifty years to
reach their best age at which they
can be marketed, and are then worth
51500, and that we have beside tbis an
acre of land on which annual crops
of grain are grown. Five hundred dol*
lnrs, divided by fifty, gives ub ten
dollars as tho value of*-the annual
growth in the trees. Let us suppose
also that the net value cf the grain
grown on the other acre is also ten
dollars, for purposes of cdmparison.
Now compare the harvests. On the
wood-lot the tree seed is sown at the
beginning of the first year, and
tho trees allowed to grow undisturbed for the fifty years, and then,
when cut off, brings five hundred
dollars. On the grain acre, on the
other hand, a crop worth ten dollars
is taken off at the end of tlie first
year���forty-nine years before any
crop whatever is taken off the wood-
lot.
Suppose this ten dollars is put away
in the bank for the next forty-nine
years. Again, at tbe end of the second year (i.e., two years from the time
the tree seeds are s6wn) we get
another ten dollars from the grain
acre. Suppose this, too, is put in the
bank���this time for forty-eight, years
of course. And BUppose, further, that
this is done with each ten dollars
received for the grain during all the
years following until the wood-lot is
cut.
If these yearly deposits of ten dollars are left untouched, we Bhall, at
the end of the fifty years, have the
following amounts, according to the
rates of interest:
With' interest at 5 per cent, per annum, *. 2,093.48; with interest at 4 per
cent, per annum, .1,528.66; with interest at 3 per cent, per annum, $1,-
127.95; with interest at 2 per cent, per
annum,   .845.80.
A calculation such as the above
giveB very god*d reason why land, il
fertile enough to produce agricultural
crops, should be devoted to these
crops rather than to forest. On the
diner hand, trees will grow satisfactorily on soil that is altogether too
poor for agricultural crops, and all
that the advocates of re-foresting ask
is that the land which is too poor for
agricultural crops shall be permanently devoted to forest. When that is-
done, there will be sufficient forest to
provide employment for a large number of foresters.
THE HOG  HOUSE.
imple Overhead Ventilation Needed t��
Avoid Swine Fever.
Too many men who keep hogs pay
io attention to the ventilation of their
linter quarters, or if they attempt to
���entllate at all they do little more than
eave a few cracks around tbe bottom
(trough which the cold ah* can get in,
mt provide no way for It to get out
Experience has shown that drafts are
he prime promoters of colds, whicli
levelop Into pneumonia and what Is
;enerolly known as swine fever, say*
be American Farm World. It ls 1m-
lortant that the bottom boards of the
tog house should be thoroughly well
lattened, and the divisions between
lie pens should be treated In the. same
vay.
Ample ventilation should be provided
rom tbe top of tbe house and not by
mderiieatb drafts. Who has uot seen
logs piled upon each other In cold
vcather, shivering, fighting to get Into
i warm place? Under such conditions
t Is Impossible for a hog to put on
lesh, and there ore nine ehupces ln
en that he will take cold, which may
levelop luto serious tung trouble.
���Overhead veritllatlou is easily sccur-
h1 by leaving an open space of, say,
ilx Inches between.tl*e top of tbe out-
ilde wall and the R.iof. An English
'armor who has had _ reat success with
logs builds his houses with a section
if the wall hung on a swivel pin In
;he middle which can be swung open
ivlienever sunlight ODd air are needed.
When the section ls seleased It swings
luck Into nn upright position by gravitation.
In-order to let the rays of the* sun
Into every port of the building the
bouses have been lad out north and
wrath, so that by rpenlng tbe wall
shutters on the east side the morning
iun is let In and by opening those on
tbe west side the ray-i of the afternoon
sun can penetrate to every part of the
House, keeping it swe�� t and clean.
HATE WITHOUT HINGES.
utiliiine Flevator Roller From An Old
Binder.
The elevator rollers from an old
binder can be put to good use in making small gates. Cut notches 1 by 3
inches in the roller at A, as shown.
z
>
'efMtvfarKoUtv
"^toWe/bf
A ReLLIB BATS.
Use 1 by 3 inch stuff to nail the
pickets to. At B use a flat rock or a
block of wood with a hole in it to fit
the iron shaft. To support the gato at
the top use a short plank five inches
wide and .one and one-half inches
thick. This makes a very good gate
and requires no hinges and little time,
-Practical Farmer.
Crows, Sparrows and. Weeds.
Crows not only destroy lots of corn,
but also kill many other birds. If
they once get a notion of catching
little chicks, they are ten times worse
than hawks. They do more. damage
than they do good. English sparrows
also are a nuisance. They rob other
birds' nests and drive the birds away.
As to the weeds, if each farmer would
pay .more attention to getting rid of
such weeds as wild carrots, Canada
thistles, strap leaf plantain, etc., there
would be less of them. One farmer,
perhaps, will be very particular about
them, while his neighbor lets them
go to seed, and the wind carries them
over to the one who has worked hard
to get rid of them.���J. A. C. in Farm
and Fireside,
Increased Value of Manure.
The greatest value obtained from a
manure spreader, of course, is in the
increased value of the manure. It has
often been said that a load of manure
spread with a spreader is equal to
three spread by hand. It is more
than probable that this statement ia
true. In fact, it is hard to overestimate the increased value of the manure when spread with a machine
over that spread by hand. The increase is certainly sufficient to justify
ev*ery fanner in jgjjjgg ���* spreader.
Both Beating It
"Mr. Gags! Mr. Gags!" exclaimed
the musical director, stopping the orchestra In the middle of the low comedian's song. "You're miles ahead of
the time." "Eh, what?" jerked out tbe
merchant of comedy. "Well, you're
beating it too!"-Aliy Sloper.
Honesty In Sell ng Stock.
There Is no buslne s In the world
where reliability and absolute truth la
so essential as with a breeder of blooded stock. He know i all about hla
Btock, their strong points and thetr
weak ones. In hla sales he can advance the breed or I ijure It and can
help a customer or be bis ruin, for his
customers are entlre'y at bis mercy.
He can be a man or Jockey. A breeder should be so honest and upright that
a stranger might write him for an animal, telling him the weak points in bin
own breeding and rest assured thut
whut he received' would remedy the defects. A breeder should feel that Interest In the succes-i of his favorite
breed that would not allow him to ever
Bell on animal to a customer unless he
honestly believed It vould be a benefit
to him. ��� 0. M. Wlnslow, Ayrshire
Breeders' Association.
THE  SWINEHERD
Wonderful!
Two years ago Zip swallowed a grain
of wheat Last Thursday night at the
log rolling he had a fit of coughing
and coughed up a fifty pound sack of
flour and about 106 pounds of bran.
Truth is mighty and Will prevail.���Gold
Beach (OreJ Gtuetta
Hogs will not thrive in damp, dirty,
drafty quarters, and the man who
attempts to raise them for market un-
ier these conditions Is simply working
against himself. He not only loses
the greater portion of bis feed, but bus
time and labor as well.
Condiments at All Times.
Condiments must te provided for
the hogs at all times. These are not
costly. Tbey consist of wood ashes,
loft coal broken Into small bits, mor-
iur, rotten wood or "anything of that
character. Hogs eat these readily, and
they are great aids li keeping them In
bealth and conseqa "iitly ln growing
rapidly and fattenlig quickly. The
animals must have seme salt, the same
as other live stock ob* the farm.
Dipping Very (Essential.
Dipping hogs is verj essential to the
health of the animals. It keeps them
free of mites and scab diseases, makes
them more thrifty and consequently
more profitable. Di_ ping sbould be
done twice each year. It ls not a difficult operation after tie dipping plant
Is established.
Swine Notes.
Ton can't get tne best results by
breeding immature animals.
A good sow ln perfect bealth will
lose flesh while suckling ber pigs.
Even the best bred hogs will put
theh* feet tn tbe trough If they can.
Burn some cobs to a charcoal and
give the hogs some now and then. It
helps to keep them healthy.
Avoid drafts in tbe bog house. A
hog is susceptible to colds and rheumatism as well aa people.
Look out for holes ln tbe bottom ot
the pen. Hogs are great on the gnawing business. First you know there
may be a hole and a broken leg.
A good hog without a pedigree ls -jet*
ter tban a fair one with it
The boar at the head of tbe herd
should be changed often. The good
brood sows should be retained as long
as their usefulness continues.
Breed the bows so they will farrow
In groups of, say, five. The pigs may be
divided at pleasure then, and fewer
sows will be suckling pigs than If tha
pigs come at different times. Besides,
it ls almost as easy to look after five
sows as one.
Convenience ln feeding and watering
stock ts a thing to be sought for byaU.
Especially ls this true of swine, where
there Is so much feeding and watering
to be done. It Is quite a chase to keep
the watering troughs free from Ice (a
freezing weather.
Every fine day give tbe brood sows
exercise In the open air. Scatter a little shelled corn on the ground to encourage them to more around.
Fresh clean water should be given
to the hogs every day to drink; also a
good allowance of roots should be given
them dally.     	
Founder of the Japanese Navy.
The founder of the Japanese navy
was an Englishman named Will
Adams, who went to the eastern seas
as pilot of o Dutch fleet ln 1598 and
was cast away in Japan a couple of
years later. He became a Japanese
noble and constructor of the navy to
the tycoon, but was never allowed to
return to England. He died about
twenty years afterward, very Ingeniously leaving half his property to his
wife and family in England and half
his property to bis wife and family ln
Japan.   After his geaj_h tejrj-* deified. Ill
THE  SLOCAN  MINING REVIEW,  SANDON, B.  0.
Sill WILLIAM RUSSELL
OLDEST    WAR    CORRESPONDENT
DIES���ILLUSTRIOUS   CAREER.
First to Gain International Fame In
This Special Line of Newspaper
Work���His Account of the Battle
of Bull Run Sent the People of the
Northern States Into a Spasm���
Saw   Balaclava.
Sir William Howard Bussell, who
has recently passed away, was one of
the world's greatest war correspondents. He was, perhaps, the first to
gain international fame in this special line of newspaper work, and he
lived to see most of his contemporaries vanish from the stage, and to
contemplate the beginning and tlie
ending of such a brilliant career as
that of G. W. Stevens, a man young
enough to be his grandson. Witli tbe
prestige of newspaper work Sir William was well acquainted. He had
the honor of overthrowing a Government, and the further distinction of
arousing the wrath of a nation in the
making, which was poured on his head
when the people of the Northern
States rend his account of the Rattle
of Hull Run. Forty years ago he visited Canada, and wrote a book about
us, from a military point of view.
That work is interesting and instructive to-day, even if some of his predictions have not come to pass. Russell felt that Canada's destiny was n
grent one, and hesitated not to say
S) at a time when ignorance concerning this  country was  universal.
Like many another distinguished
Russell, William Howard was an
Irishman, and was born in 1821. He
".raduated from Trinity College, with
lhe intention of entering law, but nt
this time the country was rent by the
������rest Repeal,.agitation. He sought and
obtained from The London Times an
appointment to describe some of the
monster meetings, and so well did he
LATE BIB WILLIAM BOSSILL.
do the work that he was offered a
permanent position. He was sent to
Denmark to report the war of 1849-05,
and there won his first laurels as a
war correspondent. Eetnrning home,
he resumed his studies and was called to the Bar. In 1864, he was again
on the war path, at Malta, Gallipoli,
Scutari and Varna. He went to the
Crimea with the Second Division, and
was present at the Battles of Alma
and Inkermann. He was an eye-wit
ness of the famous charge of the Light
Brigade at Balaclava, and had the
immortal distinction of sending to
the British public the first descriptive account of that great deed. Hi
also saw the siege of Sebastopol.
In Russell's time the war corre
spondent was about on the same footing as a soldier, and certainly in a
campaign like the Crimea there was.
no possibility of a supernumerary living in much luxury, even had tlie
authorities desired to make tilings
easy for him. Russell fared like n
Boldier through tho terrible hardships of that campaign. Unlike a soldier, he did not have to suffer in silence. To The Times he sent letter after letter describing the Bufferings of
the troops, and exposing the mismanagement of the supplies. Blundering was then rampant to a degree
never since equaUed, and it was assisted by rascally grafting on tlie part
o' contractors at home. Bad food,
shoddy clothing and poor ammunition wero tho commonplaces of the
day. On one occasion a shipload oi
boots was sent out, every boot being
tor the same foot, and not a pair
among them.
Upon this situation Russell turned
loose an able pen, and when he re
turned to England he found the country in a ferment of indignation. At
the first election the Government wns
beaten, and a Government elected
pledged to army reform. To Russell
more than to any other person was
due this overthrow, and naturally he
became famous. From that time till
the day of his death Russell was one
ot the most celebrated men in a profession that has never lacked great
men. His next assignment was the
coronation of the Our, and on that
occasion it is said that he was received in St. Petersburg with greater consideration than had ever been shown
a correspondent before. In 18*58 the
outbreak of the Indian Mutiny called
Mr. Russell to Lncknow, whose siege
and capture he reported for The Thunderer. Next year he saw the tail-end
of a war in Italy, and in 1861 he was
sent to report the Civil War in the
United States.
His account of the retreat of the
Federal forces from the Battle of Bull
Run created a fiercer controversy than
any war correspondent, in similar circumstances, had aroused. It brought
upon him bitter denunciation from
the North, and was supposed to have
a remarkable effect upon British public sympathy. Some parts of the story
are worth  republishing.   He says:
"I perceived several wagons coming from the direction of the battlefield. . . My first impression was
that the wagons were returning for
fresh supplies of ammunition. But
every moment the crowd inoreased;
drivers and men cried out with the
most vehement gestures: "Turn back!
Turn back I We are whipped!' They
seized the heads of the horses and
swore at tlie opposing drivers. . . .
A breathless man in the uniform of
an officer was cut off by getting between my horse and a cart for a mo
ment. 'What is the matter, sir? What
is all this about?' 'Why it means we
are pretty badly whipped, thaTs the
truth,' he gasped,'.' and continued,
"Again I asked an officer: 'What's all
this for?' 'We are whipped, sir. We
are in full retreat. You are all to go
back.' 'Can you tell me where I can
find Gen. McDowell?' 'No! nor can
anyone else.'"
Panic seemed to have seized on the
army lest the terrible Southern cavalry should appear, and when .one
among the fugitives would raise this
try, the result would be a worse
stampede. He continues. "The scene
nn the road had now assumed an as-
Met wliir*>' haa not a .uarallel in any
le'ecrtptlon 1" Have "ever read.' fti-
lantry soldiers on mules and draught
horses, with the harness clinging to
iheir heels, as much frightened as
iheir riders; negro servants on their
masters' chargers; ambulances croft-did with unwounded soldiers; wagons
swarming with men who threw out
Ihe contents to make room, grinding
through a shouting, screaming mass
��f men on foot, who were literally
relling with rage at every halt, and
shrieking out: 'Here are Uie cavalry!
Will you get on?*" Russell says that
fie was overcome by disgust, and vainly tried to get some of the men to halt
snd regain their nerve. "But I might
as well have talked to the stones,"
He says.
The discussion aroused by this report added to Russell's fame, and from
thnt day onward his nickname was
'Bull Run Russell." He reported the
Austrian-Prussian war, the Franco-
Prussian war, the Zulu war and the
Egyptian war, and, when no fighting
waa on his deep knowledge of military affairs found scope in editing the
Army and Navy Gazette, which lie
founded, and owned at the time of
his death. He had the honor of ac-
uompanying King Edward when as
Prince of Wales he visited the Crimea
and fndia, and from foreign sovereigns lie received many marks of
esteem.    In 18S5 he was knighted.
SENATOR KIRCHOFFER.
Something About the  Hero  of   10,008
Acres of Game  Preserves.
Senator John N. Kirchoffer, of
Brandon, whose recent wholesale lease
of 10,000 acres of game preserves on
the shore of Lake Manitoba wus so
.trongly opposed that it had to be
cancelled, was one of the early build
ers iu the Canadian west. He was
born in Ireland on May 5, 1848, and
spent his years of legal study in Port
Hope and _ oronto, being called to
the Bar in 1871. He practiced law
at Port Hope until 1883, when he joined the early Canadians hurrying to
develop the west. Mr. Kirchoffer led
in the location of the Plum Creek settlement and lived with the settlers for
three yeara. In 1884 he was called to
'he Bar of Manitoba and in 1883-88
>ie was e member of the Manitoba
Legislature. His appointment to the
.eimte followed in 1892. His other
"mployniPiits have included that of
'fauitob-i manager of the Imperial
f.oan and Investment Co. since 1985
nnd district manager of the Lands Do-
ointments of tlie Hudson Bay Co. and
!he C. P. R. The activities which
these positions have provided have always been varied by a keen love ol
-iport and athletics. Senator Kirchoffer has for years been identifijd
with   cricket  and   football,   but    his
BIXATOB KIBCBOFFKR.
hunting lodge on Lake Manitoba is
his first love and is said to be i_i the
midst of the finest hunting grounds for
ducks, geese and waterfowl in the
world. It wus this inviting field that
the Prince of Wales and his distinguished entourage visited in 1901,
where tliey bagged 603 ducks in two
days' shooting. Senator Kirchoffer is
a keen sportsman and a most amiable
gentleman and host, but when he
sought a monopoly ol such an area of
hunting grounds bis old country upbringing led to a misunderstanding
of the western temper, hence the protests and the cancellations.
The feeling of the west was probably correctly reflected by The Regina
Leader, when it said recently: "If
Senator Kirchoffer and his friends
must shoot ducks within an area
sacred to themselves, then let them
purchase tlie shooting rights of some
English sporting estate such as is
put on the market from time to time.
We want no sporting aristocracy in
this country maintained at the public
expense, and so long as there are
ducks to shoot on the Manitoba
marshes they should be as accessible
to the guns of the humblest sportsmen in the country ss to those of
Senator Kirchoffer and ids aristocratic
friends. The ducks, it is safe to say,
would as Boon be shot by a mere plebeian sportsman as hy a man of Senatorial rank."
THE STAGE KISS.
What It Really Means Rather Thaa
What It Seems to Be.
Stage kisses! No one but an actol
or an actress can fully appreciate whal
they mean. The picture as presented
to the audience is very pretty, but ths
vision which looms up before the eyes
of the poor player ls something like
this:
A face covered with a coating of cold
cream, which has been powdered ovei
with a thick layer of pearl white oi
brunette powder, as the case may he.
On the cheeks are daubs of rouge,
which at that close range in no possible manner suggest, as they do to the
audience, the rosy cheeks of a country
lassie. Over the eyes ls rubbed a
little dark blue powder to make tbem
poetical. The underllds are heavily
penciled, and a mark extends a quarter of an Inch from the eye at the
end. This makes them larger. Upon
each separate lash ls a bead of black
cosmetic, which bos the effect of making them heavy and long. The cherry
lips, which to the audience the hero is
eager to press to his own, are to his
distorted vision nt such close range
only u gash of carmine painted into a
Cupid's bow.
The actress sees before her a picture
even less attractive, for ten chances to
one the hero, In addition to his grease
paint, wears a false mustache and is
also "smelly" with tobacco. The glare
of the footlights tones down tbis conglomeration of paint, and ut a distance
the faces are actually pretty, but upon
close Inspection they resemble nothing
more than a very bad oil painting out
of focus.
Taken from this viewpoint, some of
the very impassioned kisses featured
ln plays require no little self sacrifice
on the part of the players.���Harriet
Qulmby In Leslie's Weekly.
ROBERT  E.  LEE.
BREAKFAST.
Some Characteristics of the Great Confederate  Leader.
"Unlike many of the leaders ln the
Confederacy, ttobert E. Lee had no pel ]
theory  the maintenance of  which re
quired him to cast bis fortunes with
the south," says Mrs. General Pickett
In  her "Personal  Memoirs of Robert
E. Lee" In LIppiucott's.   "A soldier by
birth and training, he had belonged to
the United States too long entirely to'
have developed an  allegiance to the j
doctrine of state rights, though long I
after the war he made the statement,
that had not that theory been taught,
at West Point there would have been
no secession.
"Though Invariably considerate to'
his subordinates, Lee could be drastic
and dictatorial when It became necessary, and If occasion required it lis
could outrank the president. Jefferson
Davis always claimed that he himself
was intended for a soldier, not a president, and lie was fond of being undei
fire If he could not get behind the guns.
One day he came out on the field during a battle. Lee turned to him and
asked:
" 'Mr. Prsident, am I In command
here'r'
" 'Certainly,' said Mr. Davis.
"'Then, sir,' Leo replied, 'I forbid
you to stand here under the enemy's
guns.   I order you off the field.'
"The president went
"One of Lee's strongest characteristics wns the grave Immobility of hla
face ln times of the greatest stress of
feeling. Grant speaks of It In his account of the surrender.
"Meade and Lee were old friends,
and immediately after the surrender
Meade called on htm.
" 'Meade,' said Lee, the years are
telling on you too. Tour hair ts get
ting quite gray.'
" 'That ls not the work of years,'Gen
eral Lee,' Meade replied. 'You are re
sponsible for my gray hairs.' "
GLASS  IS  PECULIAR.
It Has a Number of Curious and Contradictory Qualities.
Glass is one of the most intercstln;.
as well as oue of the most pecullui
things in the world. It has curiou.*
uud contradictory qualities, and man*
astonishing phenomena arc counecte*
with It. Brittle and breakable as It is
yet It exceeds almost ell other bodle*
in elasticity.
If two glass balls are made to striki
each other at a given force, tbe recoil
by virtue of their elasticity, will In
nearly equal to their original Impel in*
Connected, witb Its brlttleness are soim
very singular facts.
'Puke a hollow sphere with a hoi*
und stop the hole wltb tbe finger, s<
us to prevent tbe external and Interna:
ulr from communicating, and tin
sphere will fly to pieces by the men
heat of the baud. Vessels made oi
ulass that have been suddenly coolei
possess thc curious property of belli;
able to resist hard blows given tt
Lhem from without, but will be instant
!,. shivered by a small particle of Hlni
dropped into their cavities. Tub
property seems to depend upon thi
comparative thickness of the bottom
tbe thicker the bottom ls the more cer
tnlnty of breakage by this experiment
Some of these vessels, it ls stated, liuvi
resisted the stroke of a mallet given
with sufficient force to drive a mil'
Into wood, und heavy bodies, such ns*
musket balls, pieces of iron, bits ol
wood, jasper, stone, etc., have been
east into them from a height of two
or three feet without any effect, yet a
fragment of flint not larger than a pen
dropped from a height of three Inches*
lias made them fly.
The Majority Are Right Eyed.
"Most right banded persons are alsc
right eyed," an oculist said. "Ot
course they can use their left eye just
as well us their right oue, but thej
think tbey cannot. For an instance,
iu the navy or army recruiting sta
tions one of the examinations consist*
of reuding certain printed letters wltl
one eye closed. In almost every cast
where the applicant ls right handed
be will close his left eye first and giv<
the right the preference. And whet*
lie comes to read with his left ey*
alone It Is more difficult. Now. If that
man's eyes Were to be examined bj
un expert oculist both would probublj
be equally strong, but the right bunder
man always does most of bis ont
eyed work with his right eye."-
A Post Physician.
Hearing of Dr. Goldsmith's great
humanity, a poor woman, who believed him to be a physician, once wrote
to him begging him to prescribe for
her husband, who had lost his appetite and was altogether in a very sad
state. The kind hearted poet immediately went to see her and after some
talk with the man found him almost
overwhelmed with sickness and pov-
ety.
"You shall hear from me in an
hour," said the doctor on leaving,
"and I shall send you some pills
which I am sure will do you good."
Before the time was up Goldsmith's servant broufeht the poor
woman a small box, which on being
opened was found to contain 10 guineas, with the following directions:
"To be used as necessities require.
Be patient and of good heart."
How Servia Dines.
Table manners amount to very little
among the Servians. There is a pea-
feet babel of conversation, the band
shrieks and groans and wails, and
amid the din the waiters hurry hither
nnd thither. Some aggressive looking
Servian, with a waist belt full of pistols and knives, will swajger ceremoniously up and down the room.
Officers of the looal garrison form a
group at another table, their smart
uniforms a strange contrast to the
medley of the others. Anon they become uproariously intoxicated and
sing national songs to the music of
the orchestra, while mine host, seated on a raised chair at the end of the
room, beams affably upon hia guests.
���R. L. Jefferson in Wide World
Magazine.
Good From An Evil.
In Australia, where the rabbit is a
pest, there is an annual "roundup,"
at which millions of the animals are
slaughtered. The rabbits are utilized
for their fur and meat, much of which
is exported. During the year over 20,-
000,000 rabbits were sent to other
countries frozen in the fur or in the
form of canned meat.
Having the Morning Meal Served In
One's Bedroom.
The cblna for a morning meal, when
served In the bedroom, according to
Dress, should be dainty I* '.very particular. Coffee sipped from a delicate
cup seems Improved in flavor, and
daintiness ln all the breakfast appoint
meats adds-a charm to the delicacies
that they contain and give an added
delight to a comfortable breakfast.
The matter of tbe proper tray to use
In the bedroom Is an Important item
that sbould not be neglected In tbe
consideration of this subject. Favor
leans toward the one made of papier
mache. When painted white with a
gold band. It supplies a neutrally tinted
background, which harmonizes with a
setting of almost any style of china
It has the added advantage of light
ui.-ss also, weighing less than a pound
China trays of tbe same proportlon*-
are heavy and cumbersome, sometimes
weighing several ponnds.
There Is still another factor of this*
dainty Bervlce thut demands thoughtful consideration, it is the means of
serving tae breakfast���the table oi
other receptacle that ls used to hold
the trny. Many women are adopting
the. hospital system,, as it is dislinctl*
the most convenient and expeditious
way. 'The table Is so made as to swin-.*
out over the bed when In use and to
fold down against the metal standard
when it has served Its purpose. Bj
this means of adjustment it may * be
put ajvny when not in service, a fen
ture Unit recommends It strongly, for
it cannot be considered a sightly art!
cle of furniture. For tbis special pur
pose, however, tbere ls nothing more
strictly suitable, even though it be not
beautiful, for It is compact, easily tak
"u cure of, and, on account of the tit tie
uppllauees that are used to adjust it
it forms the most comfortable sort ol
bed table.
HOUSE  FURNISHING.
Young Wives of Limited Means Should
.     Start Slowly.
"One of the most frequent mistakes
made by young wives," said a matron
known for ber sensible advice on top
ics of the household, "Is that of filling
the house with furniture at the outset
of their married life.
"They like to feel that their friends
find nothing wanting,-and they forget
tin: t, starting out witb too full an equip
ment, they must necessarily keep that
unchanged for several years. There Is
uo room to add new things, and to dis
po.;e of old furniture (hat is not worn
rut is ii serious loss. Thc proper thing
to do Is to start out with just enough
to be comfortable.
"From time to time little things may
be added as Uiey are found necessary.
In that way "one never feels like a
back number. At tbe same time one
docs not have to turn everything topsy
turvy In order to be up to date. Another Important thing iu this connection ls to resist tbe temptation, frequent when u young woman has everything she.needs ih furniture, to spend
on entertainment money and time sbe
cau 111 afford. Many young matrons
bave become broken in health from
that."
THE   HOME  DOCTOR.
Before applying a poultice cover the
skin lightly with glycerin to prevent
any particles from adhering.
(f troubled with pleurisy, apply flannel cloths wrung out of hot wuter, to
which u small quantity of mustard has
been udded.   Change tlie cloth often.
Hot milk sipped slowly is efficacious
for relieving tho tbrout Irritation that
frequently ���follows a severe cold, or ls
'an accompaniment of a bronchial
cough.
Two ounces of boric acid crystals
dropped in a glass quart jar and the
jar tilled with water makes a saturated
sohilian. It is useful in cases of burns
and Is an effectual antiseptic.
The old time formula for sulphur and
molasses blood tonic is: Two ounces of
sulphur, an ounce* of cream of tartar, a
pint of molasses. Take a spoonful
three mornings, skip three, then take
three more.
A Perfect Hanging Skirt,
To Insure a perfect banging skirt finish the top of the skirt and put Hon the
one who is to wear It. Now put on a
stiff belt directly over the band. Have
it tight enough so it cannot sag. Take
a strip of cloth or stiff paper longer
than you want your skirt, loop It over
thc belt and fasteu. Have loose'euougli
so It will slip on the belt Now make
lhe strip tbe desired lengrln of the skirt,
slip this uroiiLu' on the belt, putting
plus ln the skirt at the end of tlie strip,
not more than six Inches apart Take
tbe skirt off, turn the bem by your pins
and baste. Now take a piece of pasteboard the desired width of the hem,
measuring every few Inches. Baste
again and stitch. Your skirt will be
the same length all around.
Use a Tray.
It saves many steps If when putting
dishes away you carry them to the
china closet in a tray, as It accommodates so many more dishes- than one
can carry In the hands. A tray sbould
be used also when removing them
from the table. This Is so frequently
neglected and so many extra steps
have to be taken that It is worthy of
being mentioned.
Australia's Caves.
The Narracoote caves, in south Australia, are situated in the southeastern portion of the state, the principal
chamber, known as the "big cave,"
with its magnificent profusion of beautiful stalactites and stalagmites, forming a dazzling spectacle when illuminated by the magnesium'light. In a
second chamber, or cave, nature has
been prodigal of the mystical ornament with which the whole place
abounds. There are pillars so finely
formed and covered with such dainty
trellis work, curious drippings of lime
oreating such wonderful masBes of lovely soroll work, thnt the eye is bew'ld-
ered with the extent and rarity of
the adornment. It is like a palace of
ice, with a rich profusion of frozen
silvery cascades and fountains all
around. Western Australia possesses
also a oouple of extensive cave systems
which fairly rival those of New South
Wales, Queensland and South Australia.
PROFITABLE  COWS.
Some Valuable Points on Building Up a
Dairy Herd.
The dual purpose cow does not exist
All progressive farming of later days
makes the dividing line all the more
distinct between the beef and dairy
breeds. The farmer has not yet been
found who can prodnce a herd of cattle tbat shall lead ln both dairy and
beef products at the same time. I assume that we are aiming to have the
best dairy herds and make as much
money as we can.
First let me Insist that every dairyman shall select the dairy breed, tbat
suits him best, taking Into consideration, among other things, climate, food
he is prepared to famish, kind of barn
he has, market for his milk and his
Jiersonal taste. Decide and act prompt-
y in the -natter.
Get a Good Sire.
Next purchase a pair or trio, and
with them lay the foundation of a pure
bred herd. If expense makes this Impracticable, purchase a registered sire
and get a calf from a cow with good
record of production. Get the best
possible sire of tbe breed chosen, as he
ls half tbe herd.
The next step ln grading up a herd
ls to be sure not to Inbreed. When
you have heifers old enough to breed,
purchase for them another sire.
When the third, fourth or fifth grade
has been reached, you will have a profitable herd, which, while It cannot be
registered, will show splendid results.
Another step���do not breed any heifer until she ls nearly or quite two
years old. Breeding heifers too young
Is the leading cause of every HI bovine
flesh ls helv to, and ths balance may
be charged to inbreeding.
Food and Care.
Food and care bestowed upon a herd
form an Important part ln this upbuilding of the herd. Cruelty and profanity may largely counteract the effect of a proper amount ef protein, an
unbalanced temper spoil the result of a
balanced ration, and comfortable quarter* are needed as mucn as proper
food.
Poor and unprofitable cows sbould be
picked out and disposed of, the safest
process being to weigh the milk and
test for butter fat. One thing more���
we must look well to the health of the
herd. We can buy healthy cattle and
largely keep them so if we will supply
pure air and sunshine as well as food
and water.
Success ln building up ���** dairy herd
will depend largely upon the love and
Interest you put into the work, combined with talent, skill and energy.���
Rev. B. F. Pember Before Maine Dairymen's Association.
DAIRY  WISDOM.
Remember there will be no advancement, no upgrading, unless, you bave
secured the best bred, most prepotent
animal at the bead of your herd tbat ls
obtainable. Improvement only comes
through the superior qualities of the
males used.'
Have a wrench, a screwdriver and a
small hammer just for use around tho
separator and other buttermaklng machinery and neves? use them for any
other purpose.
Just because lfs colder and you may
not be able to smell the odors from the
cream sepaiator so plainly, don't Imagine tbat It doesn't need just as careful
cleaning.
Because the* cow falls off tn milk it
does uot always follow that she is sick.
There may be something wrong with
ber feed. Look into that Often it ls
the man and not tbe cow at all.
Do not under any circumstances feed
bay or fodder while milking.
The filthy cow stable makes Itself
known In the flavor of the milk.* |
Manage your cows so you can know
where a shrinkage takes place.
It-Is not. always necessary to buy expensive stock to improve your dairy.
Exposure to storms and cold causes
a shrinkage that cannot be fully restored.
Expensive barns and stables are not
necessary for the production of sanitary milk. Common sense, cleanliness
and quick cooling are the three main
points.
Some people salt the cows as tbey
make good resolutions���only occasionally. Do It regularly and do It welL���
Kimball's Dairy Fanner.
In some cases where cows have been
milking for a long time there Is some
difficulty tn churning. Tbe addition of
one or two fresh cows In the milking
herd will often overcome the difficulty.
���Farm Journal.
The Best way to bring cream to the
proper temperature is by putting the
cream can Into a pail or tank of very
warm water. Stir gently until the
cream ls of ths proper temperature.
Never churn In a cold room. The butter will be cheesy If you do. The
churning room shonld be about the
temperature of the cream.
Salt thoroughly rubbed around on
the Inside of the churn after it bas
been rinsed with hot water ls a first
rate thing to make It clean and sweet
Rinse the salt out with water.
Dry cows should be fed so as not to
take on much flesh. Keep them In
model condition, and they will yield
better.
It Is only by testing cows that the
dairyman can tell whether they are
yielding a profit or making a loss. It
is the only way by which he can with
absolute certainty weed the nonpaylng
animals from his herd.
The faculty of appropriation Is developed and fixed ln the Individual cow
by usage and habit No cow is good-
enough to yield her owner a large profit
under poor care and in treatment
Many a cow that Is good at chewing
grass and ticking up cornmeal and
titan ls poor em t__�� saaMar *������__________
Proverbs are the literature of reason
or the statements of absolute truth
without qualification. Like the sacred
books of etch nation, they are the sanctuary of Its Intuitions.���Emerson.
Water Needles.
So penetrating Is water at high pressure that only special qualities of cost
Iron will be tight against tu In the
early days of the hydraulic jack it was
no uncommon thing to see the water
Issuing like a fine needle through tho
metal, and tbe water needle would
penetrate tbe unwary finger just us
readily as a steel one. .   .
THE  SEPARATOR.
If Properly   Handled   It  Will   Prove  a
Splendid Investment.
Every progressive dairyman should
have a hand separator. You can then
give the calves fresh sweet skim milk.
It is expensive to feed calves on whole
milk, especially when you can sell the
butter for 25 ceuts per pound and supply the fat taken from the milk by oil-
meal or oil cake at a few cents per
pound.
From the other side, the separator ls
certainly a splendid investment as a
labor saver. It ls also valuable as a
means of getting all the butter fat from
tbe milk. Get a good standard machine, but don't get a very small size
unless you have only a very few cows.
For ten to twelve cows we would certainly recommend a 450 to C50 pound
per hour separator.
Cleaning the Machine.
Wash the machine every time It Is
used. Don't believe the agent who
tells you that you can wash his machine by simply dipping the parts, ln
warm water. Any ono wbo has bandied vessels In which milk has been
kept knows that that ls not so. Use a
brush, not a dish rag, to wash each
piece of the separator; then pour boiling hot water over the parts and allow
to dry.
Use plenty of oil on the bearings, and
thus greatly Increase the life of the
machine. Fasten the separator securely to the floor, take three minutes
to speed it up, heat up the bowl wltb a
little lukewarm water before separating, then flush ont with a little clean
water after the milk has run through
to get all the cream.���Professor W. J.
Elliott.
CARE OF CI-5EAM.
Aroostook Dairying.
I always wash my cows' udders wltb
clean water and wipe them dry, milking with dry bands. We strain the
milk through cheesecloth, folded twice,
and use a separator. We like that because It saves a lot of milk cans or
pans to care for, and, best of all, we
can feed the warm, sweet milk to thc
calf. For ventilation in the stable 1
depend upon a two Inch hole In the
wall with a Bhlngle to close over It In
stormy weather. I feed through traps
ln front of the cows, and these are
never very tight, so they always have
fresh air iu front of them. I clean tbe
stable twice a day regularly ln winter,
and in the summer the stock are in the
pasture night and day.���V. T. Lundval,
Aroostook County, Me.
Dairy Talk of Today.
The handling of milk the first few
hours after It has come from the cow
has a great 'nfluence on its quality and
the commercial value of the products
mode from It. The care of milk seems
a simple matter, but better methods in
our dairies are of the greatest Importance to tbe success and reputation of
American dairying.
Testing of Dairy Cows.
Officially authenticated testing of dairy cowb ls becoming more and more
the leading feature of the work of
breeders. These tests are regarded by
the pubtlc as the true index of the
value and of the capacity of all breeds.
Practical dairymen are placing absolute reliance upon tbem as an invaluable aid in the selection of sires with
which certainly to Improve the capacity and profitable production of tbelr
cows.
' Dairy Products In Demand.
The greatest profit is ln selling milk
and crnam to customers, the next in
havlu_r annual customers who will take
either cheese or butter as tt is made.
Then follows the selling of cream'to
tbe creamery and, lastly, butter to tbe
store trade as one can catch the market There seems to be a constantly
increasing demand for tbe products
of the dairy which keeps pace with the
Increase of cows. Tbere Is a bright
prospect ahead for all who wish to engage In this great branch of agriculture.��� S. F. Emerson.
Where the Expense Comes In.
Professor W. J. Fraser of the Illinois
College of Agriculture says, "It is wbat
the farmer does not know about his
cows that hurts." If be knew how expensive it is to keep a poor cow, he
would not do It Twenty-five good
cows will earn more net than a hundred moderately good cows and more
tban 1,000 poor cows. The poor cows
will not pay their way. In one case tbe
cows will keep the farmer; in the other
the farmer will keep tbe cows.
The Milking Maohine.
The Farmers Advocate says: "We
did not believe In the efficiency of the
milking machine until we saw one at
work. Now tbat we have been shown
we cannot say too much in Its favor.
There are milking machines and milking machines, so be careful wbat you
buy when you are approached by a
smooth tongued milking machine salesman. So far as we know, there ls only
one or two approved makes of milking
machines. Better go slow In the purchase of a machine and be sore you
get a good one."
Culling the Herd.
It is the constant aim of progressive
dairymen to Improve their herds, and
such Improvement must depend largely
upon culling the herd and getting rid
of the unprofitable animals.
Keep Out the Bacteria.
The most careful handling of milk
after It ls once infected with bacteria
will not suffice to make a good product
from It The bacteria must not be allowed to gain Ingress if clean, wholesome products are desired. Thorough
washing with boiling water, or, better,
live steam, followed by rapid cooling
and subsequent exposure to the direct
rays of the sun, Is the only sanitary
way of handling the dairy's utensils.
-
Dream Happenings.
"We haven't that article In stock,"
said the druggist.
"Can't you give me something equal
!y as good ?"
"No, sir. There isn't anything equally as good.'!	
For Cut Flowers.
Pretty receptacles for flowers that
are Inexpensive are goldfish bowls. A
small one costs but 10 cents and will
be found mopt artistic. The nasturtium, rose, mignonette or any dainty
Bower wltb pretty stem is at its best
In the deer glass boaa!
Thorough   Cleanlinrsa    *.eceganry   t��
Secure  a   Good   quiwity.
Tlie cream gathei ing creamery bas
many features to recommend It and ls
alike popular with patrons and factory
proprietors, but ut tlie snme time we
would sny tins, nnd sny It most emphatically���tbut unless we are up and
doing the advantages of this system
will prove wholly or largely Illusory,
for the gain made at tbe manufacturing end will more tban be swallowed
up at the selling end throagb the manufacturing of butter of an Inferior quality that must be sold at a reduced price.
The herculean task before us In connection with our cream gathering
creameries Is the education of the patrons to properly care for their cream.
When the cream leaves the farm, It
should be both clean tn flavor and
sweet. This means care and cleanliness throughout and the providing of
facilities for cooling the cream. The
utensils used should be of the best
quality and properly cleaned, so that
there will be no danger of contamination from this source.
Milk In a Clean Plnce.
Special care should be taken to milk
In a clean place nnd In as cleanly a
manner as possible, for particles of
dirt which fall Into the milk at milking time are laden wltb organisms
which produce the worst flavors with
which we have to contend nnd, while
harmful at any time, are doubly so
under the cream gathering creamery
system, where the cream Is held for
some time before It Is sent to tbe factory.
Tbe milk should be creamed as soon
as possible after milking, and for this
purpose we strongly favor the use of a
hand separator over any method of
setting the milk, as it provides the
most efficient and thorough method of
creaming the milk end enables us to
make a cream of any desired richness.
We recommend making a cream testing about 30 per cent. The quantity
to be cooled Is greatly reduced, and the
cream, If properly cooled, will be one
of superior quality. Care should be
taken to Bet the separator In a clean
place and to stand It on a floor that
can be kept clean, and not on an earth
or ground floor, which ls sure to get
Into bad condition sooner or later
through milk being spilled upon and
soaking Into It and thus causing bad
odors. We would again admonish
those wbo have hand separators to
keep them thoroughly- clean. We have
met more separators tban one In such
a condition that they themselves would
contaminate milk put through tbem.
The separator bowl and Its parts
should not only look clean, but should
have a clean smell as well. If giving
off any bad odors, examine all tubes
and crevices about tbe bowl, for this
Is evidence ln Itself that there is dirt
being harbored somewhere.
Delivery of Cream.
Frequently cream ls seriously Injured
In delivering It to the creamery. We
have even seen collectors using ordinary milk cans ln summer for this
purpose. Cream received from the
patron In the best condition would
not under such circumstances reach
the creamery ln n condition fit for
making good butter. The tanks or
cans should be well. Insulated, and
where the latter ln particular are used
they should be protected from tbe sun
by means of a good canvas cover on
the wagon.
One of the most disagreeable flavors
Imparted to cream ls that due to the
sun's rays striking directly upon and
heating the walls of a cap, and this
flavor ls Invariably passed on to the
butter. Where the cream Is delivered
by individual patrons the can should
be covered with a blanket.���Superintendent Mitchell at Meeting of Eastern Dairymen's Association.
Dairy Wisdom In Brief
In Kansas a progressive dairyman
tested his herd of sixteen cows. Ho
found eight were making good profits
and the other eight were eating them
up.
The best way to Improve the test Is
to better the cow.
Every heifer raised from an unprofitable cow will make one more unprofitable cow.
The dual purpose cow may do for tbe
average farmer, but the dairy farmer
wants a profitable cow.
Shivering on the warm side of ���
straw pile and suffocating ln a dark,
poorly ventilated stable are two extremes. Avoid both this winter.���Kimball's Dairy Farmer.
Teach the children to be careful to
close the doors and gates, says the
Farm Journal. A prize heifer calf was
lost by the barn door being left open
and the caff gaining access to the chopped grain, the fact not being known
until too late to attempt saving It
Calves grow Into money about as
fast, as any kind of stock. You have
got to keep them moving, though.
When a calf stops growing, It ls pretty
apt to go back first thing you know.
Backward things are what swamp the
best of us.
The quarters for tbe cows should be
put ln order, so that when the frosty
nights and cold rains come the herd
may bave proper shelter. Cows are
more sensitive and susceptible to cold
than most other animals on account
of the double drain upon tbem. Be
wise and do not lay the foundation for
disease and loss by needless exposure.
Any loss ln this way ln the fall of the
year puts the animals In so much
worse condition for wintering. The loss
Is not only Immediate, but IS felt all
through the winter and causes an extra outlay to restore tbem to a profitable condition	
His Position.
Father���All right, young man. Too
tell me you have declared your love to
my daughter, but you have not said
anything of your position. Lover (embarrassed)���My position, sir? Why-
why, I was on my knees, as Is natural.
-Dlabel Rosa.
The Waning Honeymoon.
She���You haven't told me once you
loved me today. He���And you haven't
asked me if I loved you since the day
before yesterday. (The honeymoon,
shuddering, saw its finiatt. __ ���* .  '���*_;>uj
etui��� m *-�����   -s-
:!��*'.��u
.   .��� .   -   .      .'������  ���   ���   ���
��� ..' *
iii. cTiUi/
CAPITAL ALL PAID OP, $14,400,000.
BIST. $11,000,000
UNDIVIDED PROFITS, $422,619.98
Preaident���Lobd Stbathcoha and Mouht Rotai*.
Vice-Preaident���Hon. Grosas A. Dzvimu.tD,
General Manager���E. B. Cloubtob.
Branches In All Thc Principal Cities In Canada
LONOtN, ENO., NEW YORK, CHICAGO, SPOKANB.
A General Banking Business Transacted.  ���
NEW DENVER BRANCA, - H. i FISHER, Manager.
��cii ueuver
Meat Market
Always a good supply of
home-fed Beef, Mutton
and Pork on hand.
Poultry, Game and
Pish in season,
-      - *   .
*..*.*-*..        ���   ���       .   ....
r*********** i
r Slocan flMning "Review.
PUBLISHED   EVEBY   THURSDAY
AT NEW DENVEB, B.O.
Subscription $2.00 per annum, strictly
in advance.   No pay, no paper.
Adtbbtisibq Bath:
Kotlcesrto Delinquent Owners ��� .12.00
"    for Crown Grants    -   -    7.80
�����      " Purchase of Und   ���    7.60
"     ������ License to Cut Timber 6.00
111 locals will be charged for at the rate
of 16c. per line each issue.
Transient rates made known on application.   No room for Quacks.
Address all Communications and make
Cheques payable to
JNO.  J.  ATHERTON,
Editor and Publisher.
t." as     , I , '     .1
Make yourself familiar with the
above rates and Save Trouble,
Land Notice���District of West Kootenay
Take notice that William Fovargue
Whellams, of Kaslo, B. 0., accountant,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described land:
Commencing at the south-east corner
of Lot 7623, Ihence north 40 chains,
thence east 40 chains, thence south 40
chains, thence west 40 chaina to point
of commencement, and containing 160
acres more or less. This application
covers preemption of D. F. McKellar,
Preemption Record No. 104, which was
cancelled on the 24th day of Auguat
EXCHANGE Hotel
SANDON.
THOMPSON BROS. Props.
Warm Cosy Booms.       Restaurant   in
connection.   Excellent Pool Table.
Bar well Stocked.
NELSON LAND DISTRICT.
District of West Kootenay.
Take notice tbat Alexander Ducharuie,
of Nakusp, B.C., bushman, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described land.
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner of B. M. Stuart's purchase, thence east 60 cliains, thence
south 40 chaina, thence weat 60 chains,
thence north 40 ehaini, to place of commencement, and containing 340 acres
more or leas.
Dated August 10. 1907.
ALEXANDER DUOHARME
CERTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS,
NOTICE.
Evelyn Mineral Clsim, situate in the
Slocan Mining Division of West Kootenay   District.    Where   located:���
Four Mile.
Take notice that I. S. E.  Watson
free miner's certificate No B807S. acting
for O. D. Rand, free miner'* eertiflcate
No. B125W. intend 60 days from the
date hereof, to apply   to the Mining
Becorder tor a Certificate of Improvements, for* the purpose of obtaining a
Crown Grant of the above claim.    And
further take notice that action under
section S7, mast be commenced before
tbe isaaance of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this   Srd day of  September,
A.D., 1907.
8-11 8. B. WATSON.
COLD STORAGE
Hermann Clever
Proprietor.
*
Is a most acceptable Gift, We have some
of the newest and daintiest designs ever
shown in the west.
Selected pieces of Foley Art China, Imperial
Austrian, Royal Suhl, etc. Better come and
buy now before it is crowded out of sight by the
flew ant> .extensive irnaa Stocfc
we will have this year   ::    Watch our Ad,
for further particulars,
r. nm.
NEW DENVER, B.C.
****eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee
....
. ���,
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....
....
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IM .
��� Ml
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IM.
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Ill I
III  I
(III
J. J. Fingland
provincial Besa^er
-���.���___��� anb Cbemiet
% WIcMGto^ A��omee
��� V Late F. H, HAWKINS.
Jeweller and
Watchmaker
Late with J. O. Patenaude, Nelson,
Bepairs to Brooches, Pins, etc. in Gold
or Lead Solder.
All work guaranteed.     Special attention to mail orders.
BEVIBW BLOCK -  NEW DENVEB.
I************************
:; Lucerne <*
j!Shaving Parlor.;;
;!       The only Public Baths
< >        in the Ulocan.
1807.
William Fovargue Whellams, CEBTIFICATE OF IMPROVEMENTS,    .f ***at for the Koolenay Steam -X
per Henry Stewart Whellams ������ Lanndrv. ���*���
Dated, September 8,1907. agent
8-11
LAND ACT-SLOGAN LAKE LAND
DISTBICT.
���     District ot West Kootenay.
Take   notice   tbat I,  Bert.   Norria
Sharp, ol Orient,  Wash.,   occupation
assayer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described
land:-
Commencing at a post planted on
N. E. cor. located on Slocan Lake about
20 miles (rom Slocan City, thence weat
40 chains, thencr* south 40 chains, thence
eaat 40 chains, thence north 40 chains
to point of commencement containing
180 acres more or leas.
BERTRAM NORRIS SHARP
Thomas Melville Sharp,
Agent.
July 81st, 1907.	
Take notice that Walter dough, of
Slocan City, prospector, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands;
Commencing at a post planted near
the mouth ofjlndiancreek, on tlie west
side of Slocan Lake, marked W.C's N.E.
corner, thence 40 chains sonth along*
shore of lake, thence 40 chains west,
thence 40 chains north, thence 40
chains east to point of commencment,
160 acres more or less,
Sept. 23rd 1907.
 WALTEB CLOUGH.
LAND ACT.
Slocan Land District���District of
West  Koonenay.
Take notice that A. Owens, of New
Denver, mill operator, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described land:��� "Commencing
at a post planted on the west shore of
Slocan Lake about one half mile in a
southerly direction from Mill creek;
commencing at a post marked A. O.'s
S.E. corner post, thence 20 chains west
thence 40 chains north, thence 20 chains
east, thence 40 chains south to place
of commencement, containing 60 acres
more or less.
Dated at New Denver, Oct. Slstl 907.
 ALBERT OWENS.
NOTICE.
Notice is hereby given that I will not
be responsible for any debts contracted
or any work done by any - artiee on toe
mineral claims Madona snd U.S.
DAN. M. McLEOD.
New Denver, B.C., Nov. 1,1907.
professional Garofj.
WOOD, VALLANCE
HARDWARE Co.,
Ltd.
Shelf   and  Heavy   Hardware,   Mine
Smelter and Mill Supplies.
NELSON,   B.C.
-A~   O. Ostby
MINES and MINING
REAL ESTATE
Correspondence Invited
Madonna Block   :    New Denver, B.C.
P. O. Box 87.
New Denver
Dairy dtajtej&ajt
Fresh Milk delivered to any
part of the town.
[  Outside points supplied regularly.
H. S. NELSON   -    -   rVoprietor.
Fly Fraction snd Dardanells -Fraction mineral claim, situate. in the
Slocan Mining Diviaion o( West
Kootenay District. Where located:���
In Dardanells' Basin.
Take notice that I, D. Fraser, acting
as agent for (be Dardanells and Okana-
gan Mining Company, Limited, Free
Miners Certificate No. B17651, intend, 60
daya from tbe date hereof, to apply to
the Mining Becorder lor a certificate
of Improvements for the purpose ot obtaining a Crown Grant of tlie above
claim.
And further take notice, that action
under section 87, mutt lie commenced
before the issuance of auch Certificate of
improvements.
Dated this24th day of Aug., A:D. 1907
0 89 D. FRASER,
Agent.
Laundry.
li
J. E. ANGBIGNON - PROP,
************************
Ordinary Tariff:
Gold, Silver, Lead. Copper, Iran, Billca,
|1.0O each.
Silver with Copper or Lead, Manganese,
Lime, 11.80 each.
One. Antimony,   Sulphur, Gold and
Silver, (1.00.
Gold, Silver, witb Lead or Copper, Zino
and Silver, $2.50.
8ilver, Ziac and Lead  $8 00
Gold, Silver, Zinc, Lead and Iron, $4-00
Special Batte for Mine aad Mill Work.
CANADIAN
PACIFIC
FRekil-w&y
Kootenay Hotel
Take notice tbat I, Thomas M. Sharp
of Nelson, B.C, engineer, intends to
apply for permission to parchase the
following described land:���
Commencing at a poet planted on S.E.
corner, located on west shore of Slocan
Lake, abou 12 miles from the head of
said Slocan Lake, tbence weat 40 chains,
thence .north 40 chains, thence eaat 40
chains, thenoe south along shore ot
Slocan Lake to point of commencement
containing 160 acres more or leas.
THOMAS MELVILLE 8HABP.
July Hit, 1907.
SLOCAN LAND DISTBICT.
West Koo tensy
I, William Stewart Drewry, by occupation a Land Surveyor, intend to
apply for a special licenae to cut timber upon six hundred and forty acrea
of land, situate on tbe weat aide of
(.locan Lake shout one-half mile north ol
Nemo creek bounded aa follows s
Commencing at a post planted at
tbe N.E. corner of Lot 6631, tbence
north 20 chains more or leas to the
S.W. corner of Lot 8426; thence norlh
100 chaina, thenee weat 40 chains, tbence
south 80 chaint, thence west 40 chains,
thence south 40 ebsina thence etat 80
chaina mere or leaa to the point of commencement.
Dated Aug. 14th. 1907
WILLIAM STEWART DBEWBY
NELSON LAND DISTRICT.
Dialrict of Weat Kootenay,
Take notice that Herman  Dorey, ol
Nakusp B. C, bushman, intends to ap-
ly for permission to purchase the following described land.
Commencing at a post marked Herman Dorey'a N.E. corner, planted at
the S.E. corner of lot No. 8049, situated
about two miles from tlie Arrow Lake
on McDonald Cre-k, running 40 chaine
south, then 40 chains west, thence 40
chains north, (hence 40 chains east to
p'ace of commencement and containing
160 acrea more or leas.
Dated Auguat 19th, 190X
HERMAN DOREY
William A. Mitchell, Agent.
LAUNDRY
FUNCKEE Prop.       NEW DENVER
Ladies' Dress 10c
Silk Blouse or Ball
Gown 60c
Towels, handercqiefs, petticoats, socks, etc 60c doz.
Working men washing 10c pee.
Collars 3c. Shirts 16c.
Special attention to shipping orders.
i��  u.tle
McLEOD & WALMSLEY, Props.
Should your business or pleasure take
you to Sandon at any time, call at
the Kootenay and let Ed. or
George mix you the famous
Sandon Cocktail er your
own favorite lotion.
No frost here.        Two shifts always.
VICTORIA
HOTEL.*
Silverton, s_0.
a*
Recognised by the Travelling
Public, Miners and Mining
Men to be the Best Hotel in
the Slocan. The bar is stocked with the choicest quenchers.
K. flD. Spencer * prop
Watch
This
Space
Closely
We will give a HOLIDAY ANNOUNCEMENT in time for you
to plan that Trip to	
THE EAST
Best of Service and Accommodation.
All communications addressed to
your LOCAL AGENT or the
undersigned will be attended
to promptly.
Call on or write���
S
E. J. CovLa, A.G.P.A.
Vancouver,
Job�� Mon, D.P.A., Nelson.
Slocan Land District���Distiict of
West Kootenay.
Take notice that E. J. Palmer of
Chemanius, B.C.. lumberman; E. Cass
and J. McDermid, of Winnipeg, Man.,
contractors, intend to apply to tbe
Chief Commissioner of Lands ami Works
for a special license over the following
dese ibed lands: Commencing at a
post planted on the south side line of
T.L. No. 7479. bearing the initials
E. J. P., E. C, and J. McD. northeast corner post, thence south 80 chains
thence west 80 chaina, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to point
of commencement.
Located this 12th day of October, 1907
No. 2-
Commencing at a post on the south
line of T.L. No. 7788, bearing the initials E.J.P., E. C, and J. McD.
north-west cor. post, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80 chains
to point of commencing.
Located this 12th day of Oct., 1907
No. 8���
Commencing at a post on the west
side line of T.L. No. 10323, bearing the
initials E.J.P., E.C., and J.McD. S.E.
cor. post, thence weat 40 chains, thence
north 160 chains, thence east 40 .chains
thence south 160 chains to point of commencing.
Located this 13th day of Oct.  1907.
No 4-
Commencing at a post on the west
side of No. 3 near the north-west corner and bearing the initials E.J.P.,
E.C., and J. McD. S.E. corner post,
thence west 40 chains, thence north
160 chains, thence east 40 chains, thence
south 160 chains to point of commencing.
I Located this 13th day of Oct.   1907.
No. 6���
Commencing at a post near the north
west corner of No. 3 and bearing the
initials E.J.P., E.C. and J. McD.
S.W. corner post thence north 80 chains
thence east 80 chains thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chainB to point
of commencement.
Located this 13th day of Oct. 1907.
No. 6���
Commencing at a post on the east
line of T.L. No. 7786 and bearing the
initials E.J.P., E.C, and J. McD.
north-west corner post, thence east 160
chains, thence south 40 chains, thence
west 160 chains thence north 40 chains
to point of commencing.
Located this 14th day of Oct. 1907.
E. J. PALMER,   J. McDERMID,.
E. CASS. Locators,
G. S. Vanstone Agent.
local Salesman Wanted for
New Denver
Aad Adjoining District to represent
Canada's Greatest Nurseries
Trees of right sice and age for British
Columbia planting. Grown on limestone soil; hardier and longer lived tban
coast trees.
A permanent situation, Territory reserved ; Pay   weekly j Free outfit.
Write for particulars.
Stone & Wellington
FONTHILL NURSERIES
(Licensed by B.O.'Government.)
TORONTO       -      - '      ONT.
w
Stands for
Watch this space
��. Tim. TOfooowson
PROVINCIAL ASSAYER and
METALLURGICAL CHEMIST.
Gold, Silver, Copper or Lead, each, |1.00
Gold-Silver. .$1.60 Silver-Lead. .$1.60
Zinc. .$2.00 Gold Silver witb Copper or
Lead... 8.60.
Prompt atteation given to all ������mplsa.
26 per eent. discount apon Ave samples
BAKEB ST., NELSON.
P.O. Drawer, 1108 Phone A67
This space bought
by Mrs. Matheson.
Wnbertahing
parlor.
FuMrala conducted on Short
notice at any point In the di*.
trlet.   shell* ��lw��y. in stock.
flb.flDcXeatt, DMm.R
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
ASSAYING.
Colin J. Campbell
Assayer
Notary Public
Conveyancing
The Review
For
Job Printing. NEW DENVER
PHONE 2.
P.O. BOX 10
Zhc Slocan l3otel
Cbree /orhs,
B.C.
Headquarters for Mining Men
-when visiting this famous Silver-
Lead Mining Camp. Every
comfort fot the Traveling Public.
A Well-Stocked Bar and Excellent Pool Table.
Hugh Niven. Proprietor
NELSON LAND DISTRICT.
District df West  Kootenay.
Take notice,that Harry J. Lahrsah,
ot Nakuap, B. C, hotel keeper, intends
to apply (ur permission to purubaae the
(ollnwinx deicribed Und:
Commencing at a post marked Harry
J, Labrasb'a N.E. corner, planted at
the S.W. corner ol lot 8509, aituated
about two milea (rom the Arrow Lake,
and one hall mile from McDonald oreek
and running 40 chaina weat, lli.nce 40
chaina aouth, thence 40 chaina eaat,
thonce 40 chaina north to place of commencement and containing 100 acrea
more or leaa.
Dated August 19 1907.
HARRY J. LABRASH
4-12 Herman Dorey, Agent.
__ i
1114 ii iunuALi 1  uu 1JL4JL4
Situate at New Denver, B.C., the most beautiful place in
British Columbia, this modern and picturesque Hotel offers to
Tourists and the traveling public all the attractions and
creature comforts that heart of man desires. Facing the
glorious Slocan Lake, where boating and angling may be indulged in all the year round, an uninterrupted view of the
famous Glacier and snow clad peaks may be witnessed at all
times from the veranda. Rooms, single or en suite, reserved
by wire.   Gasoline launch at disposal of Tourists.    Apply t
HENRY STEGE
PROPRIETOR
************************************************
��� >
J. B. SMITH
General Merchant   ���  New Denver    ��
Begs to thank his numerous patrons for the'r past appre
ciated patronage, and for their loyalty and good will *.
i during years of threatened disaster, and hopes still to be
J; favored with a liberal share of their valuable patronage, t
��� ��� which shall at all times receive his careful and prompt ; ���
<��� attention, ������
*********************************************** '
St James' Hotels
First-class Rooms; First-class Meals; First-class Bar; Special
attention to Tourists; Luxury and comfort when visiting this
favorite summer resort absolutely fruaranteed. Guides furnished for Hunting: and Mountain Climbing; Parties. Gasoline
launch in connection. Incomparable Scenery and Climate*
Facing lake and glacier this hotel offers all that is required
to make your visit a memorable one.     Write or wire to���
A. Jacobson. Prop., New Denver, B.C.
Nourishing���^
Stout        j
Put up in Pint Bottles for Family and Hotel Trad*. I1
We guarantee its Strength and Purity. 1;
MADB   BY   THB
New York Brewery
The Leading Hotel of the Silvery Slocan
The Reco
Sandon, B. C.
Heabquartew for flMnino ano Gravelling flDen
Meals First Class. Bar, The Best
"Room* large, Clean ano -lew.
tit William Bennett -&
SLOCAN LAND DI8TB1CT.
Diitrictof Weat Kootenay.
Take notice  tbat  Charles Plant,  of
New Denver, miner, intenda to  apply
(or periniiaion to purchase  the  following described land:   commencing at a
pout planted at the north-west corner
of lot 6881, thence north 40 chaina, eaat
SO chaint,   aouth 40 chains,   weat  20
chaina.
Auguat 12th, 1907.
CHARLES PLANT.
D. St. Denia, Agent.
SLOCAN LAKE    LAND   DISTBICT.
District ol West Kootenay.
Take notice tbat W. E. Marshall,
ot Boiebery B.C., agentC.P.B.,intends
to apply for a special timber license
over the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted about
three-quarters of a mile north of Sawmill creek and about one-quarter of a
mile from the west ahore of Slocan lake
and bearing the initials "W.E.M'a S.E.
cor., tlience weat 80 chains, Ihence
north 80 chains, thence eaat 80 chaina
thence aouth 80 chaina to point of commencement and containing 640 acrea
more or leas.
Located Sept. 24th, 1907.
W. E. MARSHALL.
SLOCAN LAND DISTBICT.
Diatrict of Weat Kootenay.
Take notice, tbat G. S Vanstone, of
Boaebery, B. C, rancher, intenda to
apply foraanecial timber licenaeoverthe
following described lands: Commencing
���t a post on the eaat aide of Wilson
ccek, nl'out iyi miles from Slocan lake
and on the east aide of T.L. 10216 and
maiked G S.V. 8.E.corner, thence weat
40 chaina, (hence north 160 chains,
tbence eaat 40 chaina, thence aouth 100
chaina (o point of commencing.
Located thia 23rd day of October 1907.
G. S. VANSTONE. Locator.
LAND ACT-KOOTENAY LAND
DISTBICT.
Diatrict of West Kootenay.
Take notice that I, John D. Beid, of
Slocnn City, B.C.. prospector, intends
toayply for permission to purchase the
following deicribed land:
Commencing at a post near Ten Mile
Creek, Lot 8428, about 400 feu eouth
of post marked "J.D.R." running aouth
20 chains, east 20 chains, north 20
chains, west 20 chaina to point of commencement.
Dated Sept. 30th. 1907.
J, D. REID.
0 30 7
w %w mm
FRESH BREAD DAILY.
CAKES
COOKIES
PASTRY
is g?
Home Made Mince Meat
For Christmas.
f. 60c per Quart Sealer. w
is ��� SX
TEA
& COFFEE
SPICES
CANDIES
&
Aak for HERBERT CUE'S BREAD Sold at
Three Forks, by J. T. Kelly and Silverton, by T. H. Wilson,
Sf
&. Q?���e&Co4e*
SILVERTON, B.C.
HIGH-CLASS TAILOR
r
Go to Wilson's for
Heavy Goods,
Flour,   Hay,   Oats,
Coal,   Vegetables,
Iron, Steel, etc.
T. H. WILSON
i .. m
SILVERTON, B.C.
���'������- ���-:���

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