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Similkameen Star 1907-03-16

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 £-'
-    ■ —. -.-.
,, ijlliii -i=S
m
Princeton First, Last and Always.
Publishecfefo the interest of Princeton and Similkameen district.
Vol. viii. No. io.
PRINCETON, B.C, SATURDAY, .MARCH 1 1907.
$ 2 a Ypfr, in Advance-
<•>.
4>
ECONOJITTC OF
Lignite Coal—Instructive Article
•rvf' MrrWyhne "Concluded
in this Issue.
In Jt_#9&;:tlie Sheridan Fuel Company
installed a st'iam pfa'nt and developed
their property'^ngprously, their shipments for thepyear amounting to iqo.ooo
tons. All the coal produced is screet$?df
and sold to the consumers as lump, egg,
and nut coal. The screenings are .kept
on the property...;, ..^s; t «i___f _aEl2
The cost of p .Brduction at all thymine's
ftf tH-V .field, isi^Klpw $i per ton /. ,o, h.
railway cars. The average selling -price
rose last year,'94 high as $iifg>per ton.
The Sheridan coal basin'- closely resembles the Princeton coal area' in geo-
logical' fea tudfc^size fih9 tHp.of seams, etc.
The total ou^_|y/r_J_Cil_?s^. fields-in'
1906,exceeded 800.000 tons. • For further
information the reader is rt4StFfrrW '° an
article in the ..February issued .'of "Mines
and Minerals," from v.lw«sti.some of the
above figures have been taken.
fJXjgnrtV is now being extensively mined
in the States of Colorado and Texas and
used for steam purposes. The Gait coal,
which is mined at Letbbridge, Alberta,
is a lignite^oal of the same class, and is
used very largely thtoughout British Col
umbia and the Northwest Territories.
Lignite coals are also mined at Red Deer,
and nearJEJdmonton.
B. ' Tie useMcMtgqire in l4relTT>rtn of
briquets is almost entirely confined- to
the European continent at present.
The production of lignite in Germany
riin 1904 was 48,500,222 tons. In 1905 the
increase was about 4 million tuns, and
last year marked another increase in the
lignite production. Almost all of this
coal is briqnetted befoie using The briquets are now used for many purposes for
which they were not considered applicable a few years ago. Such as the use
for producing suction ^as for firing open-
heart steel furnace?.
Most of these lignite briquets are manufactured from the raw lignite without
| the use of any form of binder. The lig-
v wtes*aTe"-h-st*iiT-'e"d to'TOtttafri*•ah&ttt""i01
per cent, moisture and then pressed in
heavy briqueting machines. In the
"Exeter" machine (which islargely used)
tfie fine dried coal is fed into the maS
chine automatically in front of a plunger
which takes its reciprocating motion di
rect from the piston of the engine. This)
plunger presses the coal into a tapering
cylindrical mould. Each blow of the
plunger forces all the briquets in the
mould towards the narrowest part, and
discharges one briquet ready for the
market. Owing to the mould being of a
shape the briquets are constantly reduced
JQCross-section as they are _-©rced along
THE tyL COPPER CO.
Mr. Colgate Hoyt   the   New
President—Comg$jbyT'in,, a
Flourishing State.
According to an  official announcement
. that hai'j-rsf••' been   made,'■'!M_} .J^C&gate
Hktyl has.been^efected "^rj^iSeSt   of  the
l^fiti|8Ja_^liRfftoi'a £tfp$$.- Co , Limited,
Jsuccefeding'Mr, F- L.'*Uiw?r.*p^jd£..s&.
the same meet!ng~M:. New-man Erb was
electetJJcha'irman. of the board of diiec-
tors, Mr. B. E. Law-rencj^Sffexpert tnifis
ing engineer pf*wide jrepuxation and Mr,
FT-!,. Sommer were elected vice-presidents, and Mr. R. H. Eggleston was
elected secretary and treasurer.
The British Columbia Copper Compaq*
is one of the strongest and most important organizations operating in the Brjjyph
Columbia region. The company owns
copper mines at Greenwood, B. C , with
adjacerAJlRSp'ertiesand isactivelyoperat-
ing them. Important^jiJfyi_r#^e]iiients
hive recently been completed in connection with its furnace%. affllr"r'operati ng
planJt, which will bf.nifcite daily capacity
up to about 2,500 tons. It is" "expected
that the company'wilTrnow be able to
produQgirefined copper at about 8^ cts*
per pb'mfd, and with two furnaces and at
tbe present price of copper be able to
earn approximately $1,000,000 net per
annum, to be ijfeeased'rwnen the three
n^w furnaces are in operation,   .rjj.
Large expectations are entertained of
the new. administration. Mr Colgate
Hoyt brings to bear great experience in
connection with the handling of important railroad, financial and industrial interests
: —
TBAINS INTO OROVILLE.
The first train into Oriyfille arrived on
;Sa.urday evening, Feb. 23. A large
crowd assembled at the depot to well-
come the train, and as it pulled in it was
grette-H>y*s_fbuts from the crowd :f!bat
'were nearaCifor mires. The train was
leaded .with passengefsy many coming
from Molson for the ride and to join in
the welcome and general good time that
followed for the" balance 01 the night.
-w
>b friction from the sides of the mould
(Continued on page 3.)
BO0DOF TRADE IS
Re*organizeqH and  New Offi=
cers Elecj^^tj-arge Mem-
ddsjzrship Roll.
The Midway Star says tracklaying at
Oroville is held up as a result of ttt$ noni
arrival of steel, five miles of which has
been lost in transit somewhere between
the Cascade mountains and, Midway.
The Grand Trunk PacFffc wante ten
thousand men and at the 'present time
they don't know where to secure them!
The labor question will be the important
factor in Canada the coming spring and
summer.
Nei,] Huston returned from Keremeos
on Sunday night bringing back with him
a spanking team of horses to be added to
£-& livery stable.
New Members Elected and Keen Interest Manifested—Interesting;iQues-
5'   tions Up for^-Discussion.
.■ The meeting ofthe Princeton IJoard of
Tradeibeld last niglSupor the purpose of
reorganization and election of officers
was probably the; rnost successful and en
thusiastic ever held by the Board. . No
resiSTnHh Tniieen new members; tyere proposed and elected, proving- that the^JJIP
zens are alive to the advantages of keeping
the Board of Trade alive and the good
that can be accomplished   bv  so   doing.
President Waterman presided and after sfanngthe object of the meeting the
electioiUbf new rireffibers was taken up,
i£fe©-/ollowing being-elected: Messrs. L. C.
Wynne, P. Swsgson, H. Godsoe, W« JMLge'
Dougali.J. Macdonell. N. Huston, W. S.
''Wifsbii, Geo. McCoskerv, J. L. Huston,
S.'MK. -.Thomas, H. T.'New-march, 3. Bak
et^J^SS.' Wriglit, S. Spencer, C. Sum-
mers.       labst
The election of a president, vice-presi,
dent secretary, and treasurer was pro-
c^dea with resulting in the unanimous
ctibice of B. S.Keiflttec-y,."president;. A.
E. Jackson, vicS^president; L. C. Wynne,
Secretary, H. T. Newmarch-,; treasurer.
MtvKennedy on taking the chair acknowledged the honor and promised to
fill the posiubn to the best of his ability
afi-P^oHited out 'to the members the
Necessity for co-operation and support in
matters effectiifgi.M^.interests of Princeton if good was to be obtained.
A vote of thanks was tendered the retiring officers Rafter which the question
of regular meetings was discussed, it
being decided to mee; on the first Thursday in each month. The entrance fee
was fixedatj^i and the monthly assessment 25 at cts.    £_A-.-?j*   ^'rii^
Minutes or last meeting were adopted
as read and the treasurer's report showed
a balance of #2.70 on hand. With the
payment of the membership the new
treasurer has money on hand.
An executive committe of seven was
chosen consisting of F. W. Groves, J. R.
Campbell, Alex. Bell, H. Godsoe, C. E.
Tnomas, E. Watermen, and P. Swanson,
and the officers of the Board of Tradje/
To assist the health officer and • sanitary-
inspector to look after sanitary matters
a health committee was elected of j. R.
Campbell, F. W. Oroves, Alex. Bell and
S2cretaW Wynee.
The question of the grading and gravel
ing of Bridge street and   the   laying  of
sidewalks was freely discussed and it wa.
decided   to   petition    the    Government
through our member to make the neces
sary repairs to Bridge street and to la3- a
sidewalk to the Government buildings.
This was con'siJered a reasonable request
and Mr. Cook stated he understood Mr.
Shatford. M. P. P., woulrbgive it his support.. i-j4~-
Several other important matters were
brought up and left JrtUhe hands of the
executive to deal with ana report at next
.Meeting. -XW~?_P IJto
Mr.   Waterman   gave   notice   that   he
M$9U}d at next meeting introduce  a   mo
tion favorii'g tie jssning of an  advertising pamphlet setting forth the advantages
and resources of. Princeton.
The meeting',?8en adjourned.
Witb'ja membership of 31 the Board of
Tradejsfjpuld prove .a .^success and .the
members jbouldjifuTO out in-force at
eyi_K meeting and keep the interest up
iancuTreeiy discuss the questions raised.
The executive committee is called to
meet on Tuesday afternoon uext a 3
o'clock in the V. F. M. Co.'s offiotey{.n
mm§^\ *n &&*
LOCAL AND   GENERAL,
A. ,E. Hig_f}nb<Jtifi.lfl, dentist; of Vancouver, is in Hedleystfligsajtreek- and will
come to Prijifceton if anyone requires his
services. Those desiring dental attendance will leave word at the Star office
from !^nerl?-rthe doc_Krr".wlf' fie com
municated With. ....-.*■'• ifi- ft
A petition has been put in circulation
praying the Dominion Government-jj^o
inaugurate a semi weeklvjpail seMice between Princ< ton and Nicola. A semi
weekly mail on this route is most desir-
;able and it is to be hoped the reqfle_lrMfll
be granted.
The Fire  Brigade was   called   out   on
Tuesday^, t noon to a fire that;JipcJife0ken
out in the house  o.ccupied. by Mr. Burch
;and family.    The brigade turned  out in
fine style, but fortunately tbe fi££;_t%Sof-.i
,assume alarming   propdftH%s.**^8r'.J^__s.,
i«jas!ly extinguished.
■' The many friends of Miss Thtline, of
■Otter Valley, will be pleased to know
that she is recovering irom her recent
illness.
In the British House of Commons last
jweek a resolution in favor of the disestablishment and disendowment of the
■church, in both England and Wales was
.adopted, 198 to 90. This is the first time
in its history that theHou^e of Commons
:has adopted such a resolution. The onlv
previous time a similar resolution was
presented to a division was in May,-1871,
and it was then rejected by a large ma
jority.
The Rev. Mr. Macdonald, B. A , w ill
conduct services in the Court House on
Sunday evening at 7:30 o'clock. You
are cordially invited to attend.
The laziest man on earth has been discovered in Ireland. He has been in bed
since 1877 and positively refuses to gt t
up. He is q;ie healthj. but suffers
from acute chronic lazines-.
 The Similkameen Star
Published Weekly at
PRINCETON,  B.C.
*-B-Sr-
The Princeton Publishing Co.
B. STONE KENNEDY, Editor.
>^SUBSCRIPTION'RATS<
One Year, - 'i^ ■
Payable in Advano-.
$2.00
SubscribersArill confer a favornn this office by
promptly reiforting any change in address or
irregularity vn recei_lof nteir paper.
Advertisings raj_S furnished on. application.
Legal nofigesib ands cents per line.
Four we4_kly insertions constitute^one month
idvertisins.
 ~    -==?==. ■ 'j-rro.:. -
THE     SIMJLKAMEE N | STAR
The Fraser resolution adopted been in favor ofthe workers, and it
by the Board of .Qfaade for subpns- is therefore eas.}f|fblSiderstand that
sion to the Associated Boards of the unionists to a man believe in
Trade simply asks the Dominion the Act, and the''non-unionists, so
Government to open up a portion of far as my observation goes, find no
its 50,000  acres   of   coal  measures  fault with it.'
so||hat there may be some alterna-        -~~" »o m<_ seven years'   n
tive   supply  of   fuel   besides   that  cord of this great social and econon
whir1!.   <«   r.r....~J
March 9, 1907.
NOTICE.^
Klondyke mineral claim, situate in  the Simyk-a
meeu mining;"division of Vale district.    Where
located:.   On Copper mountain. M
Take notice that I, F. W. Groyes, acting as agt.
fcr B. Baker, free miners certificate No. 3908B,
A. E. Howse, free miners  certificate   No.   934.4B
and T, J...JMcAlpine free jniners certificate 'No.
3842B, intend,t&ixty days from the date hereof, to
mmmT--j* rinino" TJa/wswS
SATURDAY,. MARCp 16, 1907.
whfch is owned by private corpora
tions. It is not proposed thai the
Government shall enter into active
competition against private corpora
I 3042*1, intend Jjjfxty days from tl  ,	
St.   .1     |ft-   .1 „>    _.        apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of
.   UCh  then IS the Seven years     re-   improvement|ffpr the purpose   of obtaining   a
ic'experiment. It has substituted
peace and good feeling for industrial war and bitternessr^it4 ..has
steadily and with amazing ;rapid^',
Crown.grant of the above claim.
• And farther ,£ake notice that action, under section 37, must bTtcommenced before the issuance
ofsuoh certificate of improvements.
Dated this 21st day of February. 1907.
JJWte. buta^at in case of *tterge*Jf   increased the production of thl^l
THE FUEL Q.T_tgS^©^
m%£- ! ■. '^WB
The  Rjossland ■ Miner   prints   a
very timely article omthe fuel question" which   we ^jSprinf.    The  idea
of Government ownership   and   operation of coal mines when   private
properties are tied up through strike
or otherwise is a wise  one and was
1 plank in  Mr. Smith Curtis's platform in the recent election!    It will
be a source of satisfaction   to   Mr.
Curtis to see his  suggestion   taken
up arid approved. vk';..__i_F:
The Miner says:    "The Rossland
Board oi-Tradeiivill present  to   the
Associated Boards of Trade a  resolution, of which J. S. C. Fraser' is
die author, which shows, that • the
community is aroused   on -the  fuel
question, as our prosperity is threatened by the producers of'fuel in the
southern portion of British   Columbia. '  What is the condition? There
are hundreds of .tnodsands of acres
of coal measures and the  coal  ccn-
contents of these measures are esti
mated' by the billions instead of mi',
ions of tons. Of these measures the
Crow's Nest  Coal   Company   owns
about 200,000 acres,   the   Dominion
government, 50,000 acres, the Canadian Pacific Railway several thou; -
and acres and various o:her  partic
the mines-of the GoveTfTmeiit can
be called upon to furnjsji a . supnhz.
of fuel to^eep people warfco or our
+ad«stFies
-mOTrilrg.
very /abject, for which   the   resewe
was made by the wisdom ofthe Dominion Government:—If it has   nq
no other effect it will spur* the   existing purve\Tors of coal to increased
effort so that iu   the ! future   there
may be an ample supply of fuel   for
all necessary home purposes') There
must be a constant and  steady supply for home purposes, no matter it
the quantity sent abroad has  to   be
cut down or shut off altogether  so
far as the exports  from   this   Province are concerned.
only and the wealth of all classes of
its peoples and finallw-ifrfras so;p£b-
pressed the people  of  the countries
^_3_tnsr_-_S^3:lje  n.em_esTzKtiiT--a4jd'^est--a-ble- ixrjtrcrge
NOTICE.
jpfits effect, that they lire _$ne H&y
one adopting its prd\ds"icms * Tor
themselves. New Zealand is,known
for its initiative in progressive and
radical legislation.    iS^t. T£f,QJ
A bill is now before .the  Dominion   Parliament, introduced  -by the
Hon. Mr. Rodolphe Lemieux, Post
DJaster-General   and,.   Minister   ''of
Labor, dealing with  the prevention
and settlement of strikes and J.ock
outs and will in  all   probability become law.  •  Compulsory-arbitration
is not resorted to   but . it   is   made
NOTICE IS-HEREBY GIVEN to-Peter-Merck-
ley that if he does not pay for   the  keep of
his horse Joe, and lake him away, I will sell him
by public auction oue month from' .date   of  this
notice. O B? HARRIS.
Princeton, Feb. 16, 1907.
THE
)0J03:
COPPER
HANDBOOK
• (New edition issued Nov.
15th, 1906.)
"fiotice of impending strikes   to   the
Govefh'ment,t.q.e'nable the latter  to
investigate the'triable and endeavor
to bring about  an   amicable  settle
ment through a board especially appointed for that purpose.-K^The   bill
has attracted  widespread   attention
throughout  Canada   and   and    the
United States and  the press   gener
ally  commend   it.    The   Montrea1
Star comments on   the   bill   as   fol
lows:     "Mr.   Lemieu
holdings of various/sizes.    There i
coal   enough, in   these.-  measures,
wbiph cannot be-«_xcelled in quality
for some purposes on the continent,
to supply Canada, the O^mted States
and Me^_8c3l%5a_:i Qn^'-efinite period
if every   other   available   source   of
supply were shut off. Notwithstand
ing   this   bounteous    plentiture    of
fuel at our very doors the  spectacle
iias been frequently seen of  late   of
mines and smelters-closed down and
the mining and smelting  industries
languish', rig for want of fuel.   Itrhas,
1 een a rase nfco..l..< o :1 everywhere
.and but t<?\v poum's to ;,urn.
At the s mi -> ti-^_' 1 'urge portion
of the output of'itdi .1 mines of both
British Colunibiaiiind Alberta was
marketed abroid wHfie the peof le
at home were shivering throughL^
lack of fuel with which to keep
them warm.
It is a  condition   of   affairs   that
COMPULSORY   ARBITRATION
Compulsory arbitration as' a
means of settling laLor disputes between employer and employee is
gaining ground and has lately been
adopted oy three out of tbe six
State Parliaments of Australia and
New South Wales has just made it . .—..  .    ■
\ *$.    a_j ,.       .       ',        iuws:      -Mr.   Lemieux   is "entirely
law. Compulsory arbitration has rjght | distinguishinginVbis.Strike
been in force iu JS.ttWfe-aland for Bill between industries which con-
the past seven years and has worked trol natural monopolies -and public
most successfully. One of the ablest   utilities and those which are wholly
• a„ _. •' '■'• P5 *. J c^ nJTir 1 '"•' Private in their character-.. These
trdges  on    the   New  South Wales   ■ .-■ ■  , . ,     ,
r   °:imm-'i.i  ^tvM/tm^*. aie cases ]n vvnich  the   interests   of
the pul)lic.arep,'iramount.  Of course
those concerned in these industries
may not like the idea  of   vigorous
Government interference in   a   dispute   wholly   between    themselves
over wages  or   hours   of   empk y-
ment;  but that is one of the penal
ties they should be   required to p;sy
for being in. possession of  a natural
monopoly."
This.que'stion of labor disputes is
one ofthe most important   that the
Is a dozen books in   one,   covering   the
histor3', geography, geology,   chemistry,
mineralogy,    metallurgy,     terminology,
uses, statisticsand finances of copper.    It
is a. practical   book,   useful   to  -all,'and
neces'sjfry to-.mosf men engaged   in   any
branch o .J-J33B-copper industry
__——-._....-,rr-».- :-    ix    a"iu':       It lists and describes 4626 copper mines
compulsory .on the part of employer   and companies in all parts of the world,
and employeVCto   gi've   thirty days'   descriptions running frohi two lines   to
mtfc:- ■    l   - *m*' sixteen pages, accoiding  to   importance
of the property.
The Copper Handbook is  conceded   to
be the
bench'was commissioned   to   report
on the, working of-the law  in   New
Zealand and it was on   the slTehgt 1
of his report'that New South Wales
enacted   similar" ^legislation.      He
reported, as. follows:..  "The Act has
prevented strikes 5f any magnitude
and   has,   on   the   whole,   brought
about a better, relation between employers and  employees   than would
exist if there were  no Act.';.. It   h.sjcountry Kg to dea, wjth) and-. g   is
enabled the increase of wages and ■ to be sincerely hoped the   bill  now
befpee, the Federal Hoj^e56.tll be-
'cjdme law and be^he means of preventing strikes and lock^ojits which
have a disastrous effect on the commerce of the" country.
World's Standard   Refers
ence Book on Copper
The mining man needs the book: for
tbe facts it gives him ahout mines, min1
ing arid the metal,     {fi^d) 'fi$&%.,
The investor needs the book .for the
facts it gives him about mining, mining,
iiivestiiceots.and copper statistics. Hun-
idr,^fjs of swindling companies are exposed in piain English.
Price is $5" in Buckram with gilt top;
$7 50 ii.a'full library morocco. Will be
sent, fully prepaid, on approval, to any'
address ordered, and may be returned
within a week of receipt if not found
ftnfy satisfactory.
HORACE J. STEVENS
Editor and Publisher,
,550  Postoffice Block,  Houghton,
Micf-igan.
NOTICE.
the  other   conditions   favorable'.'tb
the workers.[w^k^v- underf'the   fav
orable circumstances of the Colony
they were entiled  to, to   be  settled
withoutthat friction and  bitterness
of  feeling which   otherwise   might
."Have existed.    It has   enabled   employers for a time at least   to know
mhih certainty the conditions of production, and thereforeto make contracts with the knowledge that they
would be able to fulfil   them ;   and
indirectly it has tended   to   a   more
harmonious fueling among the peo
pie   generally,    which    must    have
worked for the weal  of the Colony.
A very large  majority of   the   employers of labor whom I interviewed
Chicago tnih_f_raa'jii,  situate  in   the  Similka-
■ meen Mining Division of Yalt District.  Wher^e"
located :   On Bear Creek;
Take notice that I,  F.  W.   Groves,   acting   as
agent for Williaiii Henry AriMtrong   Free  Min-'
. er's Certificate-No. B28o56*Jntend, si^ty days from -
the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder
for a cert fioate of improvements, for the purpose
^oJTobtaining a Crown Grant of the above   claim.^,
' J4fl_d"ifiirfchjarl&Jje notice that action,-under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements,
mated this 20th day of Decemter, 1906.     2-10
loudly calls for   relief   and    a.    tu„' -^ c r ____. KS?
v\ •, , the  are ln favor of  the irincinle of th* >
earliest possible time. i A,-.      ti /    nncipie ot  the
Act.     He   awards   generally  have
Spring Suits
'jsI.
In the Latest Makes and Nobbiest
Shades in all sizes. Hats, Caps,
aud1 j^etkties in abundance.
ALEX^BELl^^^
GENERAL MERCHANT,  Princeton
,+&} **
March 16, 1907
4CHE     SIMILKAMEENrS-TAR
GEOLOGICAL  SURVEY.
Continued from page i.
•schists the lgll£iibeiHg frequentlB^min-
eralized and traversed by quartz fil'ed
fissures. It has been impossible to de
termine the age of these rocks, ana
though they have some lithological resemblance to ffle Archaean of the Shuswap series, they may also be only very
highly metamorphosed sedimentaries and
porphyrites found in other parts of the
distf_;{;to the norctti.C
The limestones, quartzite and argillites
coverfepverw limited area^Jbut are import
ant as occurring   with   some   of the   ore
bodies  in  the southern   part  of Copper
mountain.    They also form a highly   altered and metamorphosed   bjind  cros§ingl
. the  Similkameen    river   below  Allison,
and. lying between or under  young  vol-
canics on the west, and the great mass of
granite  on 'he   east.    They   also  extend
some distance south of Copper mountain
until they are  covered   by   Tertiary   vol-
canics.    They appear to resemble closely
the Cache CreejEJ@£»es °f tne  Kamloops
district.    They h^ve been cut and greatly
disturbed by raQtlMttrusions  o'pMgiijJnis'
rock, and so much of these beds has been
destroyed that   they   now   frequently ap
pear only a^ islands   or "rgpf pendants ■
in batholithic masses of rock.    The limestone is very often white and  crystalline
and the argillrtes and quartzites are   very
h ghly alteredTaud in  ma.uy.xases. have
probably taken on a cryfflmrrne' structure.
In addition  tOj^ieifiaetaflipi^hisrn  they J
have undergone some ft-acturing, and be
come brecciated.  Much of these sedimentaries is  probablyscovered   by  volcanic
flows, and much also has  been   digested
and   assimilated  by   ertrptive  masses  of
plutonic rocks, and the parts thatremaih
are only remnants of once extenfiyfe seigj;
ments that covered a great, part of south-,
ern British OoSumbii.C
A small a'ea of green porphyrites, tuffs
aird-conglomerate occurs—in—the  botfoHT
of the valjey^of Surulay creek^ These are
shown in the bg<li;of the  stream  as cutting nrfough the enclosing  parts of the
limestones^and  argillites.    They  are  so
intimately associated with volcanic-rocks,
which  are   of undoubted    Tertiary  age,
that It is very of en difficult   to separate
the two, and for the present,or until th?y
been studied in more detail, all that  can
be said with regard to  their age  is  that
they are later than the limestone and older than the TerMafy.    The porphyrite  is
much weathered aud decomposed on  the
surface and appears to be an   augite   porphyrite.    The tuff and conglomerate are
greenish in colour and consisj. of rounded
p.bbles of e.trher volcanic  rocks.     They
a'sD  contain   som_   fragments  of fossil
w iod.
B itholithic   Intrusions — Under    this
head aie classed theRemmel granodiorflej
of the Pasayton   river,   the  syenite  and
syenite gneiss of ihs Roche river, and the
igneous complex ofthe Copper moutrimtr^
The Remmel granodioriieis cutacnOTabjyJ
the Pasa}'ton river and extends northward from the boundary line igr a Instance of four miles to its contact with the
ryica schist South of it is-a large area
oj Cretaceous rocks. The tyfeigal r<X"« of
tnis area is composed of hornblenue,w)i<j-
tfie, quartz and orthoclase feldspar. On
the same strike of the Remmel granod-
iqrite on the Roche river is a band of
syenite aud svenitek gneiss .About IwO
miles wide. This is not so coarsely cfiys-
talliue and is so mu^trmore basic in Composition as to be almost a diorite, but it
is possible the two ipay, have been pro
duced. jrpm the sa$i^_ggma.
The composition  of the  igneous complex of Copper mountain is very variable,
ranging from A^ry siliceous in the  north
and ..west to a more basic   varietyrrin   the
south and east.    The^ypical rock jsjiorn-
blende diorite.    This is best developed in
the south and east, where it has not been
affected by miner, lizers or altered by lat
*Pr igneous intrusions,    in   places  where
this is in contnct   with cpme remnants of
the oMenaerhinentagles, a gneissic  struc|-
ure has been induced in it. To the centre
■Wrftij   north   il/jijs  beea   fractured  and
brecciated, ana is now traversed by tinny
little veints-of cwlcite magnetite and  feldspar.    The rock has also becomajiner  in
grain.    Large crystals of biotite are often
developed in the zone  of fracture.     The
ecrntact between the^iorite"arirIuie sedi:.
mentaries is very irregular whenever il is
Jex.poiKi.-'-    It  isl rarwiy   sharply   defined
anH^iMnUcasgs no definite  boundary
rarroeSissgriea. tSTrie igneous rock.      It
occursjitider so many different   ty; es  of
dikes, with which it becom^ intimately
mixed, that it is ofterl. ifficult in the field
to separate the different intrusions.
. - Lower   Cretaceous. — These   rocks
icjyarjaa^-ide area in the southwest con er
ofthe district.    TThey appear on they Pa-
say toiiTTverVlisana^Ui  of the  boundary
line ana striking  ahout  330  cleg.,  cross
■the-Ruc-Hs .livtu" about six miles-above the
junction of tha^treairf'wwTi the Pasaw&n
At both these placec they are seen to over ■
lie the eruptive rocKs.    The'beds consist
ofjjgflj^gjujgtones <ia_l grits^-aterbedded
^uih,black and red argillaceous slates, all
of which appear to  have  suffered  much
stress -Bid pressure, for the angles ofVlip
are now all high, being usually about   50
deg.     On  the  Roche  river  the  bottom
bed isa conglomerate, which restsdirectly
on the syenite to the north of it.
[Continued in next issue ]
The People s Choice!
£|||P1|1L   KWbmV   jR^&«_9_ir JI V_J_L
byyff as©3lo^JV;_?fes^
^mtty"and fkvor
■'   mm ^.^T
WATSWrS
>JJlIalU     &L14
jsbioHj
Celebrated Si^otch
^ WHISKEY
SOLDs"iY Alt
*_fl^
0-
IV'n injs
nra*.
bnn
Hudson's Bay^Knipanj
SOLE AGENTS
Mr. L. C Morris, of Denver, arrived in
Princeton on' Friday. Mr. Morris is
here looking over the farming possibilities^ .
NOTICE.
THOMAS   BROTHERS
General   Merchants
Do   YOU *j Then come and  inspect our   \
W/^^t- E>«_™^f !arge' we!I assorted   stock.  7
Wear FantS •   Lates^styles, prices  right.   *
I   Princeton, B.AC.
NOTICE
STR.iYErjfffOjTiflr place in November, one sorrtl
two-year-oia'rnarf~bratnlcd on neck F. Owu-
jer-can-recover same by paying expense3 If not
claimed within thirty days, will be sold by public
a1__Sr^i< LUKE GIBSON.
Frmcetori, Marcxr.,'iqo7. 11-15
Aj  ***A*t*>**+/***>/*+*J***^
>
vTSH,
COOK & COMPANY
THE PIONEER STORE.
1   ,    ^Ml        8m      3J
Don t make your spring purchases until
you have seen our stock.   AfreShship
ment of goods just arrived.
w
Salt and Smoked Salmon, Digby Chicks
A«VNiV^
Spoil.!!.
*** *   ma    - ^mmM      hm SHU
Stores at Princeton and Granite
Creek
Homestead FractiorfaffHIineral Olai-ii, situate in
the   Similkameen. mining   division,  of. Yale.
[ I Where located:    1   similes   frdnD'Hedley   on
Similkameen River.
iJTa|ke notice that I,'A5fa|ley Megraw agerif Ifor-
George B. Lyon, Free Miner's Certificate No ia-
teud, s xty days from, the datj hereof, to apr/ly.fe
^oe Mining Recorder.fur a Certificate ofrlmjHpvei
lients, for the purpqse of obtairfing" a Cforra
want of the above claim.
rJAi7d further take n6rft£KBat Action, iilfder sec-
tipn,B7 must be commenced before the  issuance
of such Certificate of Improvements.
j (Dated this ist day of March, A. D.JSR7+cSTfZrV
NOTICEC
NOTICE is hereby g'iten ithat. Qx$y. (my& a%ei'
date II intend to applyjo Chief Comm'issionei
cjflLaiids and Worksftis perfifi»ision to purchase
326 acres of pasture land situate it; .the Kamloops
division of Yale district) attid descrioed is follows:
daramencing at a stake at the S.E. cor. of the
laid 20 chains W. from the N.E-cor. of sec. 25,
township 91, thence North 80 chains; thence West
49 chains; thence South 80 chains; thence East
46 chains to point of continence mm t.    -
E   A. HOWSE.
i Located Jan. 31, ioo7»
NOTICE.
MORE STRIKES.
A Portland despatch of March 12th
says: It was definitely announced by
Organizer Yarrow, of the Industrial
Workers of thd^Wf/rfd, that unless the
demands of the men, 25 cents increase in
waSes,and a hipyg-hour instead of a ten
hour day, are granted, every mill from
the Mexican border to Greenwood, B. C,
will close. The mill owneis maintain a
stubborn refusal to grant any concessions
The staj^se began ten daj^s ago and spread
until every mill in Portland and vicinity
have shut down. jNew York manufacturers cannot find lumber for shipping
boxes. Almost the entire building industry of Portland will cease unless the
strike ends this week.
SIXTY DAYS afterdate I intend to applv to the
1 Chief CommissioneV of I,ands stnd Works for
permission to purcha^ 320 acres of mountain.
pasture land, situate injthc" Similkameen division
ofjYale district, and described as follows: Com-.
mencing at a post aboitt 100 fret west ofthe N.W.
corner post of Lot 281, fhence EJSo Sih$yi. along
the N. line of Lot 281; tfteWe*N 40 chains; thence
W 80 chains; thence S. 80 chains, to place of
commencement.
__E«E. TUCKER, locator—
T.. H. Murphy, agt.
March 6,1607. —rr>*tjr~
The
Princeton   \
Feed   Stables
HUSTON   BROS., Props.
General Liveiy Business carried on.
Horses for hire, single or double. Wood
or coal delivered on shortest notice
Prices—right-?    Satisfaction   guaranteed;
 aaaamaafajam
March r6, 1907
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
I
I
Driard Hotel
** ,* j* «* NICOLA LAKE ** ** J- **
%
M
4
^
w
1
THE Hotel has been thorougly
renovated and refitted.,?6 <*
Everything; first-class. No pains
spared to please the public. Table
supplied with best the market <*
affords. Fine Wines. Liquors and
Cigars.   Telephone and Bath * *
I
i
§
1
i___^
i
Headquarters  for Princeton, Spence's  Bridge
and Kamloops Stage Lines
i
I
i
I
i
WWWWW
»♦ ♦ ♦ * «-*-+*-*-*-*-+ ***********
" Not one man in ten reads books. The
newspaper is parent, school, college, pulpit, theatre, example, counsellor all in
one."—Wendell  Phillips.
-♦♦♦♦.
What papers do you read ? Let
us suggest the satisfying combination of a first class metropolitan
daily and a well edited, up-to-date
local weekly such as
THE WINNIPEG
DAILY  FREE PRESS
— AND —
Princeton Star
We will send you the above two
excellent papers on a three months'
trial order for 75c, and prepay the
postage on both. A nominal price,
just to get you started; you will
not, we are satisfied, having once
read them, be content to do without
them. To take advantage of this
offer you must, however, be a resident of Alberta or B. C.
The following form filled out and
forwarded to the Star will receive
grateful acknowledgment and
prompt attention.
♦>-♦-♦ ♦♦♦-■
ritar |Princeton :
Mail to undersigned address the Winnipeg Daily  Free Press  and  the  Princeton
iStar.   postage   prepaid   for  three   months,
for which I enclose 75c.
Name   ...
Address
♦-♦ ******* ».»-,
Wood,
Vallance $
Leggat,
Limited.
HEADQUARTERS FOR
Sherwin .Williams'
Paints
MURALO'S 1st qualify #f
Cold Water! Sanitary Calcimo
m
VANCOUVER, B. C.
J. JL SC
Has now in stock and is constantly receiving large shipments of
and is prepared to supply all
kinds ot goods at lowest prices
Mall orders Promptly Filled
STORES AT
PENTICTON and HEDLEY
i@n of th^i-Ties"
1 IS THE
J.N/rsch Sons SO* Mfrs. Montreal
60   YEARS'
IENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights 4c.
Anyone sending a sketch and description may
quickly ascertain our opinion free whether an
in v en tion is probnbl y patentable. Commun ica-
tions strictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patents
sent free. Oldest agency for securing patents.
Patents taken through Muuu & Co. receive
ipecial notice, without charge, in the
Scientific Jlmericaiu
A handsomely illustrated weekly.   Largest circulation of any scientific journal.   Terms, $3 a
I year; four months, $1. Sold by all newsdealers.'
MONN&Co.36lBroadwa* New York
Branch Office. 626 V St. Washington. D. C.
Great Northern
—Hotel—
V _____■
MANLEY & SWANSON, Props.
First Class koom and
Board
Wines,   Liquors   and
Cigars
Princeton, B. C.
^f%.
irrHfffliirtfin.rrmr ■>' - f-iT "H^.
March 16, 1907
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
Synopsis of Canadian Homestead
Regulations.
Any available Dominion Lands within
the.Railway Belt in British Columbia,
may be homesteaded by any person who
•is the sole head of a family, or any male
over 18 years of age, to the extent of one-
quarter section of 160 acres, more or less.
Entry must be made personally at the
local laud office for the district in which
the land is situate.
The homesteader is required to perform
the conditions connected therewith under
one of the following plans:
1. At least six months' residence upon
and cultivation of the land in each year
for three years.
2. If the father (or mother, if the lath
er is deceased), of the homesteader resides upon a farm in the_ vicinity of the
land entered for, the requirements as to
residence may be satisfied by such per
son residing with the father or mother.
3. If the settler has his permanent residence upon farming land owned by him
in the vicinity of his homestead, the requirements as to residence mav be satisfied by residence upon the said land.
Six months' notice in writing should
be given to the Commissioner of Dominion Lands at Ottawa of intention to apply
for patent.
Coal lands may be purchased at $top.-:
acre for soft coal and $20 for anthracite.
Not more than 320 acres can be acquired
by one individual or,company. Royalty
at the rate of ten cents per ton of 2 000
pounds shall be collected oh the gross
output. W. W. CORY,
Deputy of the Minister of the Interi'>r
N.B.—Unauthorized publication of this
advertisement will not be naid for.
The Big Store
No argument is needed   to sell
'. fc'Tetleys"
A/+A/**-*
or
CALEDONIAN
WHISKEY
8giyi.auu
"Challenge Cup" Teas
they speak for themselves. We are also
blending a special Tea at 60 c. per pound
that can't be beat. If you hav'nt tried it
do so, you will like it.
MINERAL WATER
make a
THE
Sold bv all Dealers.
C. M. BRYANT & CO'Y
THE  VANCOUVER  ASSAY   OFFICE.
ESTABLISHED 1890.
Analysis of Coal and Fireclay a Specialty.
Complete Coking Quality Tests.
Reliable PLATINUM Assays.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
HOS
The only ReliaL'e Standard Brand made from the
highest grade of Manitoba
hard wheat,
©A
Am  Em plOWSE
OIWPMUY i
LIMITED
Nicola I- Princeton
TELEPHONE COMMUNICATION TO ALL POINTS.
ASSAYERS L|| IAKe OF THE WOODS
TUCMTT'S
MILLING CO.
guarantee that no bleaching
either bv CHEMICALS or
ELECTRICITY is used in its
manufacture.'
Accept no Substitute.
THE CANADIAN BANK
OF COMMERCE
HEAD   OFFICE, TORONTO
ESTABLISHED  1867
Largest Sale in Canada
•->"<
A. MURCHIE "gSF
PHOTOGRAPHER "wii*. «
Photos of Families taken at their
Homes—Views of Princeton
and Surrounding Camps
AMATEUR WORK FINISHED
ADDRESS PRINCETON, K.C
F. W. GROVES
A. R. COLL , SC.  D.,
Civil and Mining Engineer
PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR.
Map of Surveyed Claims on Copper
and Kennedy Ms. and Surveyed
Lands around Prince on: Price, $2.
PRINCETON.   ff| B. C.
B. E. WALKER, President
ALEX. LAIRD, General Manager   .
A. H. IRELAND, Superintendent cf
Branches
Paid-up Capital, $10,000,000
Rest, - - - 5.000,000
Total Assets, -  113,000,000
BANK MONEY ORDERS
87
ISSUED AT THE FOLLOWING BATES :
$5 and under     3 cents
Over $5 and not exceeding $10     ....    6 cents
"    $10       " " $30      10 cents      ■	
|    $30        | | $50.. ..       15 cents
These Orders are payable at par at any office in Canada of a Chartered Bank
(Yukon excepted), and at the principal banking points in the United States.
They are negotiable at $4.90 to the £ sterling in Great Britain and Ireland.
They form an excellent method of remitting small sums of money with  safety
and at small cost, and may be obtained without delay at any office of the Bank
PRINCETON   BRANCH—A. E. JACKSON, Acting Manager.
CLAIMTj & WYNNE
ASSAYERS
MINING ENGINEERS and
METALLURGISTS
H,H.CLAUDET
Assoc. Inst. M M.,Mem.
Am. Inst. M.E.
ROSSLAND, B C.
L. C. WYNNE
Assoc. Inst. M.M.
Late Assayer LeRoi.
PRINCETON, B.C.
Mines and Mills Examined, Sampled
and Reported on.
Samples   by   Mail   Receive  Promp
Attention—Correspondence
Solicited.
PRINCETON  and ROSSLAND, B.C.
ioacy wanted!
w
In Xchange for all
kinds    of   Meats.
Keep warm by eating lots
of good Juicy Beef.
SUMMERS & WARDLE
BUTCHERS
Advertise in
the Star
A FEW LEFT
Lowney's Chocolates
Manicure Sets
Toilet Sets
Fancy Perfumes and
Children's Toys
Atomizers
The City Drug store
J. R. CAMPBELL.
PRINCETON -       a-C.
 ?
THE     SIM.ILKAME-ECN-  S'EAR
:o(>i ,dr n&niM
March 9, 1907,.
. I . The Town of . . .
•ritish   Columbia
rl
'!
At    confluence of the Similkameen and  Tulameen Rivers
SIMILKAMEEN  DISTRICT
Send for Maps
■*& e^ ej_t
and Price List to
ERNEST    WATERMAN,
IP
'*
KT
Resident    Manager
VERMILION    FORKS   MINING   ANof DEVELOPMENT    CO'Y
:^a_gs__.^^^B8£gii

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