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Similkameen Star 1904-02-13

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LJULIljIUlllUII.
m
Enormous Mineral Resources, Affording: Rare Opportunities  for Investment—A Railroad Will be Begun this Year and Prices Must Advance-
Excellent Smelter Sites "With Abundant "Water Power—Coal, Agricultural and Timber Lands—Placer and Ore Gold,*Copper and Iron;
Vol. iv.   No. 44.
PRINCETON, B.C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY J 3, J 904.
$2 a Year, in Advance.
LOCAL PARAGRAPHS.
Br
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Brief News Notes and Personal Mention of People Passing.,
In the letter of A. Bell in last week's
Star the product of 3 lbs. of potatoes
reads "19^" lbs. whereas it should be
191^ lbs.
Rev. Mr. Lang preached last Sunday
in the school house and will [D.V.]
preach every second Sunday hereafter.
J. J. • McDonald of the Similkameen
Sawmill Co., was in town Monday and
put a gang of loggers at work on A. McDonald's flat. The logs are banked on
the river from whence they will be driven
to the mill when the water rises .
The Jolly Glee Club is to be reanimated and will include light opera and
melodrama in the curriculum, possibly
terminating the season with a real leap
year wedding accompanied by an old-
time charivari.
Jas. Clarke,  watchmaker and jeweller
at Hedley has built a shop on Scott av..
in that town and is prepared to do any
thing in his line.
F. P. Cook and two daughters leave for
England next week going by way of
L/ondon-in-the-bush, where they will visit
relatives, sailing from Halifax per Allan
steamer a little later. Mr. Cook goes on
business and pleasure but chiefly to see
his aged mother, at whose 80th birthday
reception he hopes to be present at the
old home in Bedford. His daughters will
remain in England to be educated. He
will be absent about three months. L-
1 A.D. Worgan, of Allison, has been
I/appointed agent for the London & Lan
jcashire Life Assurance Co. and is now
making a canvass of the district for
clients.
It is reported that the immense water
power at Okanagan Falls is to be harnessed and the electric power generated
will be used in manufacturing, mining,
lighting and irrigation.
M. K. Rodgers, manager of the Daly
Reduction Co. and Nickel Plate mine
states that the plant for the concentrating mill will be installed shortly and
about 150 tons of ore will be treated
daily. There is more than an acre of
roofing in connection with the works.
The greatest need of Hedley is railway communication.
E. Voigt states that he will install a
compressor on one of his Copper mountain properties this spring.
F. W. Groves, P.L.S.,  has been gazet-
f ted a justice of the peace.
The cold dip at the beginning of the
week was the coldest this winter the thermometer falling to 20 ° below zero on
Monday morning and 27 ° below Tuesday night. The latest reading is 40 °
above zero with beautiful sunshine and a
springlike sniff of air.
Bob Cramer and Bert Bryant are doing
development work on the Silver Dollar,
at Copper mountain.
04iJ 0MLY GQML
Good! Quality* Lartg& Area
Similkameen   and Nicola Districts Embedded With
Coal—Has no Superior in Steaming Qualities
and Will Coke—Coal Basins and Metal.
liferous Belts Intermingle—Ideal
Smelting Advantages.
The advancement and prosperity of the
province of British Columbia, with the
unending development of its great metalliferous deposits, are so dependant upon
coal and its product that any information
or intelligible advice regarding the vast
coal areas of the Similkameen and Nicola
districts will be appreciated. It has been
a matter of history for half a century
that coal existed here but no systematic
effort to prove its extent and quality had
been made up to three or four years ago.
Since when it has been demonstrated
beyond all doubt by borings, tunnels,
analyses and actual use of that there is
no better steaming or heating coal
known, and that its coking qualities are
undoubted, notwithstanding adverse
opinion of interested persons. It is not
at all likely that large sums of money
would be invested in coal claims if there
had not been proof of value and extent.
There is every reason to believe that not
only will the known coal deposits
throughout the districts mentioned realize all that is expected of them but that
other discoveries contiguous to these will
be found equally good and valuable.
The coal deposits of the Similkameen are
so situated that a smelter could make and
use its own coke' without having to haul
it or ore more than a mile. Nature has
poured out with a lavish hand all the requisites for making the Similkameen a
great industrial center and coal is not
the least important commodity to make
it such.
As depth is obtained the coal shows
marked improvement in quality, the
lower seams being of greater solidity and
better color. The Similkameen river has
cut the formation exposing coal at many
places along the banks. This is a decided
advantage as it cheapens mining more
than by the shaft method. The coal is
very suitable for domestic purposes and
is used altogether in blacksmithing. It
is delivered for $3 a ton to all parts of
Princeton. As a coal for naval purposes
it has the peculiar property of giving off
a thin, vapory smoke, invisible except
at much closer range than is usual with
other coal. It is believed to be the
nearest approach to smokeless coal that
has yet been discovered.
In an interview in Montreal a well
known mining engineer and coal expert
said: "Important discoveries of coal have
been made in the Similkameen district.
I inspected and reported upon these, and
I am able to say that I located at least
one first class seam of coking coal, which
analyzed :
per cent.
Fixed carbon 62.00
Ash  7.00
This result was obtained from raw coal
taken at the outcrop."
The area of the coal basin, of which
the principal outcrop is at Princeton, is
some six miles north and south by four
miles east and west. The Similkameen
river, flowing north through this basin,
has cut a channel through the soft shales
and has in many places exposed the coal.
The outcrop on the east bank, immediately opposite the town of Princeton, on
land owned by the Vermilion Forks Mining & Development Co., has had considerable development done on it.
The seam is dipping to the south at an
angle of 13 °. About 50 feet below the
bridge crossing the river an adit level has
been *run fn DTI tUe"-strike ot the coal
almost due east for a distance of 160
feet. At 107 feet from the mouth a level
drift has been- run for 77 feet, cutting
foot wall and section of the seam which
proved to be over 24 feet thick and which
also disclosed a 3-foot seam of fire clay.
Another tunnel has also been run from
the east approach of the bridge at an
angle to strike the adit level, thus affording ample ventilation and also facilitating
the work of getting out coal. This tunnel is 187 feet long on a five per cent,
grade.   Assays from face give:
Fixed carbon 54-°7
Volatile matter 39-93
Ash  5.70
Sulphur 30
During the last three years considerable prospecting has been done by drilling. The Holt syndicate sunk a hole on
extreme western edge of basin some 900
feet deep and passed through several
seams of coal of varying thickness. A
Toronto company, for whom W. Blake-
more, M.F., was acting sunk a bore hole
1,000 feet on west bank of Similkameen
river, some i]/2 miles south of Princeton
and ran through a good seam of coal 10
feet thijbk at 680 feet depth.
The V.F.M. & D. Co. working with a
calyx drill sunk three holes on the town-
site of Princeton, the first on the western approach to the Similkameen bridge
at the junction of Bridge street with
Endcliffe avenue, the second a mile south
on the bank of the Similkameen river
and a third hole 440 yards south of the
Similkameen bridge. The log of these
bore holes is summarized as follows:
First hole—Depth sunk, 280 feet; coal
seams varying from 1 foot 6 inches to 18
feet 5^ inches thick were bored through
—total thickness of seams, 24 feet; fire
clay, 1 foot 10 inches. The remainder
of boring was composed of shale, sandstone, clay and gravel.
Second hole—Depth sunk, 303 feet;
coal seams varying from 1 foot 7 inches
to 5 feet thick were bored through—total
thickness of seams 16 feet 7 inches; remainder of boring composed of shale,
clay and sandstone.
Third hole—Depth sunk, 340 feet;
three seams of coal, 6, 7 and 19 feet 3
inches thick, respectively, or a total of
32 feet 3 inches of coal. Remainder of
boring composed of shale, sandstone and
clay.
KThe British Columbia Collieries Com-
nany own 8,000 acres of rich coal lands
near Princeton and have recently had •
their property surveyed by Thos. Parr,
P.L.S. The seams are well defined and
the coal is bituminous, which, by actual
test is shown to be of good coking qualities. The first seam is only 35 feet below
the surface and is 4^ feet thick ; the
second seam is 6 feet 7^ inches thick,
directly under the first, and the third,
at a depth of 47^ feet below the surface,
has the phenomenal thickness of 18 feet
5% inches. This property is easy of
access and is on the proposed line of the
Coast-Kootenay railway and within five
miles of the location line of the Columbia & Western Extension of the C.P.R.
A recent assay of the coal gave the following result:
Fixed carbon 74-58 ■
Volatile matter 21.52
Ash  3.90
Following are some of the owners of
coal properties: Vermilion Eorks Mining & Development Co., B.C. Collieries
Co., Ashnola Coal Co., Tuiameen Coal
Co., B. G. Goward Co., G. K. Burns, O.
Marstrand, E. B. Tingley J. E. Church,
J. E. Smart, J. C. Mcintosh, W. A. Davis,
J. H. Hoare, W H. Hagermafr, J. Harris,
W. M. Dean, W. R. Morrison, W. F.
Draper, John Brown, S. DesBricay, A.
DesBrisay, J. Desbrisay, J. Clarke, E. L.
Trodden, J. Stewart, A. Stewart, R. Clark,
Chas. Richter, C. Summers, K. Revely,
Geo. McCoskery, J. Long, M. K. French,
A. P. Nicol, J. Corbett, J. Hislop, R. O.
Cramer, J. McHarlin, C. B. Murray, J.
Clapperton, J. Amberty, C. DeBarro,
Duncan McPhail, Donald McPhail, H.
S. Cleasby, J. W. Lloyd, T. Oliver, E.
Richards, J. R. A. Richards, E. M. Warner, J. Stott, D. Gavin, J. Foster, J. Mer-
ryfield,  Z.  Gordon Goldberg, R. Kelly,
[Continued on page 3.]
ami
 THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
February 13, 1904
The Similkameen Star
Published Weekly at
— Princeton, B. C. —
—BY—
The Princeton Publishing Co.
A. B.  Howse, Manager.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Domestic, One Year,   -------   $2.00
Foreign, One Year, -      $3-°°
Payable Invariably in Advance.
Subscribers will confer a favor on this office by
promptly reporting any change in address or
rrejjularity in receipt of their paper.
Advertising rates furnished on application.
Legal notices 10 and 5 cents per line.
Four weekly insertions constitute one month
advertising.
All cheques to be made payable to
A. E. HOWSE.
EDITORIAL NOTES.
The sum of $5,000 has been placed
in the government estimates for
a commission to enquire into the
financial condition of British Columbia. The very work that a government is supposed to do and for
which big salaries are paid is thus
shifted onto a commission which
with incidental expenses will, in all
likelihood, run  up a bill of $5,000
. more. This is economy with a vengeance ! But the government has
a lot of campaign heelers to provide for and a useless commission
will relieve the congestion. All
that the commission can possibly
do is to report that the province is
spending more than it receives.
Not a tramp in the world but can
for a "square," tell the government
that he is always "broke" for similar reasons. The department of
public works should have a commission to enquire why roads are not
built, and so on through the other
departments !   Oh, that some Crom-
E well or village Hampden might be
round to revolutionize or remove
the legislative disabilities under
which British Columbia is groaning.
It would be a great satisfaction
and no little convenience if the
department of public works would
be more prompt in issuing coal
licenses and crown grants on mineral claims. Months frequently
elapse before the applicant receives
the document for which he has had
to pay in coin of the realm and for
which he is kept in unnecessary
suspense until the spirit moves some
of those important underlings which
infest the legislative precincts of
James's Bay. Official business of
the government should be conducted
in a model manner and worthy of
imitation by the people. For
promptness, procrastination; for
decision, delay ; these are some of
the lax business methods with
^twhich this province has been, and is
now, afflicted. Is it not time for a
change, and is it not time that government business be transacted as
promptly as that of the successful
private individual ?
At this  distance from the seat of
government and with news gener
ally four days  old it is difficult to
foreknow the result of the government's railway legislation.    Of the
fifteen  railway  projects  before the
government none are more worthy
than those affecting the Nicola and
Similkameen districts, for there are
no two   districts   in the province
as rich  in   mineral resources.    It
would be nothing short of suicide
for the government to block railway
construction   in   these   contiguous
districts, whose interests are identical  on   the  questions  of development   and   transportation.      The
efforts of the Nicola people to secure
a  railway   have   been   unceasing.
The expenses in connection with
deputations and legislation  are no
light matters   and   no  one  in the
Similkameen   is   so  narrow  as  to
deny or  begrudge  them the fruits
of their exertions   for a railway,
for what is   Nicola's  gain is also
beneficial    to    the    Similkameen.
Looking at   the  reasonableness   of
the request it is  almost certain the
government will not refuse the aid
required.
The legislature was, no doubt,
prorogued on Thursday last, as
foreshadowed by a government
organ. In connection with it the
Vancouver News-Advertiser suggests that the house meets again
next summer to consider the unfinished railway business of the recent
session. Evidently the paper does
not consider the great cost, the inconvenience to members and the
public nor the useless ness of such a
proposition. Not satisfied with an
empty treasury it seems as if certain persons are bent on the complete ruin of the country. If not
mistaken, it was this same paper,
or its manager, which advised the
province to bonus the Pacific cable
with $1,000,000. The cable is now
lying worm-eaten at the bottom of
the Pacific and has never earned
enough to pay for the greased-
lightning it is supposed to convey.
So much for the organ's judgment.
A General Banking Business
A general banking business transacted
by the Bank of Hamilton. Capital
$a.uoo.ooo. Reserve Fund $1,700,000.
Interest allowed on Savings Bank deposits of one dollar and upwards from
date of deposit to date of withdrawal.
A. H. SKEY, Agent, Kamloops, B. C.
SALE of GOVERNMENT LAND
BY TENDER.
NOTICE is hereby given that under instructions, sealed tenders endorsed "Tender for
Lot 2465, Osoyoos," will be received by the undersigned up to noon on
Wednesday, the 16th day of March,
next,
for the purchase of Lot 2465, Group I, Osoyoos
Division of Yale District, lying west of and
adjoining the townsite of Similkameen City,
and containing 100 acres by admeasurement.
Every tender must be accompanied by cash or
marked cheques equal to 20 per cent, of the
amount tendered. This deposit will be forfeited
in case the balance of the purchase money is not
paid within sixty days of the notification of the
acceptance of a tender, and returned if the tender is not accepted.
The highest or any tender uot necessarily
accepted.
L. NORRIS,
Assistant Commissioner of Lands and
Works.
Vernon, B.C., January 29th, iqo4.
In the Supreme Court
of British Columbia.
In the matter of Charles Johnson,
deceased, and in the matter of the
" Intestate Estates Act."
Pursuant to an order made' herein, tenders,
addressed to the Administrator in care of the
undersigned, will be received up to the
SEVENTEENTH DAY OF MARCH, 1904,
for the purchase of the pre-emption claim of the
above named deceased, situate in the Nicola
division of Yale district, and described as being
situated on the north side of the Tuiameen river,
about four miles west of Princeton, B.C. and
formerly occupied by Charles Johnson.
Tenders shall state (i),the amount offered for
the preemption before Crown grant, (2) the
amount offered for the same after Crown grant.
It is required that the party or parties
whose tender may be accepted shall execute an agreement for the purchase of the
lands and shall upon the execution thereof
pay to the administrator thirty per cent of the
purchase moneys or as the Court may direct.
The highest or any tender not necessarily accepted. Further particulars may be obtained
upon application to the undersigned.
Dated the 18th of January, iqo4.
L.  P.   ECKSTEIN,    Morrison    block,    Grand
Forks, B.C., Solicitor for Charles B. Peterson,
the Administrator, Grand Forks, B.C.
NOTICE.
In the matter of the Estate of Charles
Johnson, deceased, late of Tuiameen
river, near Princeton, Farmer.
Notice is hereby given that all persons'having
claims against the estate of the said Charles
Johnson, who died on or aboul the 15th day of
January, 1903, are required on or before the
TENTH DAY OF MARCH, 1904,
to send to the undersigned Administrator or his
solicitor, full    particulars   of their  respective
claims.
And further take notice that after such date the
administrator will proceed to distribute the
assets among the parties entitled thereto, having
regard only to the claims of which he shall then
have notice and that the said Administrator will
not be liable to any person of whose claims
notice shall not have been received at the time
of distribution.
Dated the 18th of January, 1904.
CHARLES B. PETERSON
Administrator.
Grand Forks, B.C.
L.P.Eckstein, Grand Forks, B.C., solicitor for
• said Administrator.
NOTICE.
TPHIRTY days from date I intend to apply to
* the Chief Commissioner of Lauds and Works
for a license to prospect for coal on the following
described lands:—
Commencing at a post marked Jos. Graham's
N.W. Corner, adjoining W. McDonald's S.E. corner.
And running 80 chains south, 80 chains east,
80 chains north, 80 chains west, back to post, in
all 640 acres. JOS. GRAHAM, Locator,
Nicola, Dec. 8, 1903.
NOTICE.
HpHIRTY days from date I  intend to apply to
*■  the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works
for a license to prospect for coal on the following
described lands:—
Commencing at a post marked L. Quinville's
N.E. corner and adjoining W, N. Murray's N.W.
cornea,
And running 80 chains south, 80 chains west, 80
chains north, 80 chains east, back to post, in
all 640 acres. L. QUINVILLE, Locator,
JOS. GRAHAM, Agent.
Nicola, Dec. 11, 1903
NOTICE.
'"phirty days after date I intecd to apply to the
* Chief Commissioner of I ands and Works for
a license to prospect for coal on the following described land:—
Commencing at a post on the east and adjoining Jos. Graham's coal location;
And running 80 chains north, 80 chains east, 80
chains south, 80 chains west, back to post, containing in all 640 acres.
H. W. ELLIOTT, Locator,
JOS. GRAHAM, Agent.
Nicola, Dec. 8,1903.
NOMCE.
Anuie L. mineral claim. Situate in the Similkameen Mining Division of Yale^district.
Where located : Copper Mountain.
Take notice that I, F. W. Groves, acting as
agent for A. W. Smith, free miner's certificate
No B71517 and Patrick H. Kennedy, free miner's
certificate No. B56376, intend, sixty days
from the date hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorder for a certificate of improvements, for the
purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the above
claim.
And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance
of such certificate of improvements.
Dated this 24th day of November, 1903.
JAS. CLARK
WATCHMAKER
i and JEWELLER
ALL   WORK WARRANTED
Hedley and Princeton
NOTICE of FORFEITURE
To GEORGE H. SPROULE or whomsoever he
may have transferred his interest in Mount
Temple mineral claim, situate on Rabbit
Mountain on the Tuiameen river and about
one and one-half miles from Otter Flat in the
Yale mining district in the province of British
Columbia.
You are hereby notified that I have expended $214.00 in labour and improvements up*on the
above mentioned mineral claim under the provisions" of the Mineral Act, and if within
ninety days from the date of this notice
you fail or refuse to contribute your proportions of the above mentioned sum, being $107.00,
which is now due and payable, together with
all costs of advertising, your interest in said
claim will become the property of the undersigned, under Section 4 of the Mineral Act
Amendment Act, iqoo.
Dated this 21st day of November, 1903.
M. McGONIGLE, Fairview.
NOTICE of FORFEITURE
To GEORGE H. COLLINS, of the City of Greenwood, B.C.
Take notice that after the publication hereof
once each week for ninety days, 3 ou fail or refuse to contribute your portion of the expenditure required by section 24 of the " Mineral Act,"
being chapter 135, Revised Statutes of British
Columbia, 1897, in respect of the Little Pittsburgh, Whale, Bullon Beck and Florence
mineral claims, situate on Twenty-Mile creek, in
the Osoyoos Mining Division of Yale District, British Columbia, together with all costs of
advertising, your interest in said claim shall become vested in your co-owner, Thomas Brad-
shaw, of Twenty-Mile Creek, Free Miner, who
has made the required expenditure.
The amount due by you in respect of each of
the said mineral claims, not including costs, is
$25.6234.
Dated this 21st day of November, 1903.
THOMAS BRADSHAW.
NOTICE of FORFEITURE
To ANTONIO SCARPELLI and any person to
whom he may have transferred his interest in
the Victoria and Two Brothers mineral claims
situate at 16-Mile Creek in the Osoyoos mining
division of Yale district.
You are hereby required to take notic e that I
have expended for recording certificates of work
done on the above claims for the years ending
Tune 10, 1901 and June 10, 1902, the sum of Ten
Dollars, being an expenditure nee essary to enable me to hold said claims and you are herety
required to contribute vour share or proportion of such expenditure, namely, Three Dollars
and thirty-three and one-third cents, together
with all cost of advertising. If you fail or refuse
to contribute such amoupt, including advertising, within ninety days from date of first publication of this notice in the Similkameen Star,
your interest will become vested in me, your co-
owner, under the provisions of the Mineral Act
and Amending Acts.
Dated this 12th day of December, 1903.
FRANCESCO PER A.
NOTICE.
HpHIRTY days after date I intend to appiy to
I     the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works
for a license to prospect for coal on the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post placed on the left bank
of the Similkameen river about 5 miles south of
Princeton and marked E. Waterman's S.W. corner and adjoining A. Hickling's N.W. corner.
And running 80 chains north, 80 chains east, 80
chains south, 80 chains west to point of commencement, in all 640 acres.
E. waterman, Locator,
Dated January 31st, 1904.
NOTIGEl
'"Phirty days after date I intend to apply to the
*     Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for
a licence to prospect for coal on the following
described lands:
Commencing at a post marked A. Hickling's
N.W. corner placed on left bank of Similkameen
river about 5 miles south of Princeton,
And running south 80 chains, east 80 chains,
north 80 chains, west 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres.
A. Hickling, Locator,
E. Waterman, Agent.
Dated January 31st, 1904
NOTICE.
NOTICE is hereby given that sixty days after
date I intend to apply to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works for permission to
purchase 160 acres of mountain land, described as follows: commencing at a post
marked Frank Bailey's S.E. corner, at the S.W.
corner cf lot 1968, thence north to the N.E. corner
of lot 2465. thence following the boundary of said
lot 2465 to the S.W. corner' of same on the norJffS
bank of the Similkameen, thence down the Similkameen river to point of commencement and
containing 160 acres more or less.
1 FRANK BAILEY, Applicant.
Dated November 6th, 1003.
NOMCE.
Arlington, Canadian Belle, Canadian Boy Fraction, mineral claims, situate in the Similkameen mining division of Yale district.
Where located : On Copper mountain, east of
Wolf creek.
Take notice that I, N. F. Townsend, acting as
agent for Richard Seeman free miner's certificate No. B75477, intend, sixty days from the date
hereof, to apply to the Mining Recorderifor a
Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of
obtaining a Crown Grant of the above claims.
And further take notice that action, under section 37, must be commenced before the issuance
of such Certificates of Improvements.
Dated'this 21st day of August, A.D, 1903.
N. F. Townsend.
m
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i
1
K     ^
February, i3» j904«
COAL, ONLY COAL.
[Concluded from page 1.]
C. P. Seale,  C. B. Murray, G. Knowles,
F. E. Goodall, C. E. Mitchell, F. Bailey,
W. B. Bailey, P. Godenrath, R. Ledene,
A. G. Simpson,^E7~E7~tr Hyde, E. G.
Warren, H. A. King, J. B. Dunyea, A.
Hartman, C. E. Peterson,  C. Uzapooage,
G. P. Wright, J. M. Wright, C. O.
French.
All the necessary ores and other requisite minerals and materials are present
in abundance for the establishment of
smelters. There is also an unfailing
water supply for generating and applying
power to any of the various industries
required in reducing or refining any class
of ore. It is stated on the authority of
men competent to judge that in no other
locality on the continent are the natural
facilities for smelting cheaply so generously provided and in no other place are
opportunities for small or large investments so plentiful and certain of profit.
To all intending investors far removed
from here the friendly injunction is imparted to "come and see!"
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
K.
Rm Ha ROGERS
M.A., B.C.I,.
SOLICITOR
CONVEYANCER
NOTARY PUBLIC, Etc.
OLALLA P.O.
Simikameen, B.C.
F. W. GROVES,
A. R. COLL., SC. D.,
Civil and Mining Engineer
PROVINCIAL LAND SURVEYOR.
UNDERGROUND SURVEYS.
PRINCETON.     -   -    B. C.
Wood,
Vallance &
Leggat,
HEADaUARTEES FOR
Sherwin-WiiliifRS'
Paimts
J. E. Bate, of Aspen Grove, has com-
pleted arrangements for the installation
of a stamp mill and compressor at the
Aspen Grove mines, of which he is managing director. Altogether the plant will
cost $35.ooo.
Today's mail will be of great importance as it will unfold the future of the
district. A gentleman in Princeton states
that we are on the verge of great railwav
and mining development to which everyone will say a hearty "Amen !"
The death of George Day, brother of
Thomas and Davie Day, occurred sud-
denlyat jjogsjand, recently, from hemorrhage of the bowels. He was unmarried and about 45 years old.
At the board of trade meeting Thursday night reconsideration of the resolution passed at last meeting affecting surface rights to coal claims was discussed
and further postponement granted. The
first reading ofj^resolutioniayoring a tax
on bacheloja_aad--spiuslers caused some
excitement
The object of the tax is to
relieve the province of a modicum of its
financial obligations. The board is in a
flourishing condition, as the treasurer's
report indicated, and it is presumable, at
least, that not many years will elapse before a seat at this board will be priced in
three figures.
The r^rWjjrrprik Pacific survey staff,
of which Jas.J^islopr-P-Jr^iorjserly of
Princeton, is a member, have made their
headquarters at Edmonton. It is probable that Edmonton will be the base of
construction operations also for the
mountain section.
Subscribers who are in arrears for
the STAR will confer a favor by pay=
ing such as soon as possible. None of
the amounts are large but the aggre*
gate ol them is too big a sum for the
STAR to carry and live, so please pay.
PELLEW-HARVEY,
BRYANT   &    GILMAN,
PROVINCIAL
ASSAYERS
THE VANCOUVER A8SAV   OfFICE,
ESTABLISHED 1890.
Analysis of Coal and Fireclay a Specialty*
Complete Coking Quality Tests.
Reliable PLATINUM Assays.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
Limited.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
MURALO'S 1st quality
Cold Water Sanitary Calcimo
X
Hedley City Stored
A Complete New Stock of General rierchan-
dise always on hand,
CONSISTING OF A FULL LINE OF
Groceries, Dry Goods, Men's Furnishings, Boots and Shoes; also
Builder's Supplies, Shingles, Doors, Windows, Paints, Wall
Paper, Hardware, Stoves, Nails, Drill Steel,
Harness and Saddlery.
Headquarters for Enderby Hungarian Flour, Northwest Oats, &c
J. A. SCHUBERT.
?%??%
J. PIERCY&Co.,
WHOLESALE
DRY GOODS
VICTORIA, B. C.
MANTJFACTUEERS OF
Clothing, Top Shirts and
Underwear.
A Strong
Combination.
Manitoba Hard Wheat
and the Lake of the
Woods   Milling  Co'y,
Combine to produce the finest grade
of flour on the market.
Try Best Patent Brand.
JAS. J. LOUTIT,   Agent,
Box 158 Vancouver, B. C.
50  YEARS*
EXPERIENCE
MURAL0 WALL FINISH.
This finish is more popular this year than
ever, and has won its popularity by its durability, pretty|tints, and the easy mode of mixing and applying. Put up in 23 beautiful
shades and white. Ask your dealer for a
color card or send direct to
McLENNAN, McFEELY & Co., Ltd., j
Wholesale and Retail Hardware Merchants,
VANCOUVER, B. C.
lie ¥isc©wer ireiciies, III
BREWERS OF THE FAMOUS
Cascade Beer    & Alexandra Stout
Ginger Beer      <£ Alexandra AIe|
For sale throughout British Columbia in all theffrst-
class Hotels, Liquor Stores and Saloons.
ToaKffi & RE» CROSS BREWERIES,
u V VANCOUVER, B. C
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights Ac.
Anvone sending a sketch and description may
m&Sv ascerta n our opinion free whether an
tlons strictly confidential. HANDBOOK onrf??nl's
£wtiree? oldest agency fo^ecurin^atents
Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive
tpecial notice, without charge, in the
Scientific American.
A handsomely illustrated weekly.   Largest clr-
MUNN & Co.36,Broadway- New York
"Branch Offlce7625 P St.. Washington. D. C.
PRINCETON   BOARD    OF   TRADE-Rooms
centrally  located.    Membership   soligtecB
C. E. Thomas, E. Waterman,
President. Secretary.
*■'■ i
Subscribe for the Star, only $2
per annum.
If you want First Class Footwear
Insist upon   -------
T. D.  KING CO'S JJ
BOOTS  &   SHOES
Nothing equals them for Style, Fit, Finish and Wear,
ilaple Leaf and King Quality Rubbers.
WHOLESALE   ONLY.
Vancouver, B. C. J. LECKIE CO., Limited.
 I
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
February 13, 1904
v
WONDERS OF RADIUM.
20th
Interesting   Address   Before
Century Club, Hedley.
The strange properties of radium and
the great unexplored field which is presented for research by its discovery make
it far and away the most wonderful and
interesting subject that ancient or modern science has had to deal with. Every
day brings to light some new feature in
its' curious composition, the latest of
which cannot fail to interest readers of
the Star. A Russian professor claims
that with radium the sex, prenatal, of a
child may be ascertained; that cancer
can be cured by it; hydrophobia prevented, and that the whole system of warfare will be revolutionized by it. Another
scientist states that it is possible to change
the negro's skin white with it. There is
X no doubt it will be found in the Similkameen, where there are so many varieties
of injneral.
Anything relating to the wonderful
properties of radium will always find a
place in the Star's scieniific column.
It is with pleasure, therefore, that .space
is given an interesting address on
"Radium" made by C. E. Oliver, M.E.,
recently, before the Twentieth Century
Club at Hedley, as follows :
"Your society being a Twentieth Century Club it  might be advisable to deal
with  one   of the important discoveries
made in   the scientific   world in  1903.
During the past year the epoch making
researches into, and discoveries that have
been   made   respecting,   the   wonderful
properties of   radio-active   bodies,  and
particularly   of radium,   have  overshadowed   other    researches.       They   have
brought into much prominence the structure  of   the   atom   of  matter.    In   our
youth we   devoutly held that the atom
was the ultimate  form of matter—a simple indiyisible thing with which nature
built up gases, liquids and solids.    But
now the atom looms immensely large—a
huge  shell  enclosing  myriads of small
corpuscleg,   termed   electrons,   that bear
about the  same proportion to the atom
that the planets do to the solar system.
J    The scientific world  has been startled
by the theory that electricity is no longer
to pe considered as a mode of motion but
as a substance  which  we  term matter.
Instead   of the atom being the ultimate
form  of matter   it is something akin to
an   astronomical system, but without a
sun, a complicated association of bodies
akin to Saturn's   ring or to a nebula—a
vast chamber  containing   positive   and
negative  electrons,   the   sizes of which
are as one of the jewels out of a watch
to the Rocky mountains.     The disproportion between the size of the atom and
that   of one   of its contained electrons
is vastly  greater   than  of that between
the sun and the  earth.    Within the vast
space of the mighty  atom go on the perpetual whirling movements of the electrons, they supply the force which moves
the atom and which causes it to adhere
to other atoms.    When the electrons escape they cause phosphorescence by their
sudden stop and thus X-rays are produced.    Electricit}' promises to solve the
riddle of the ultimate constitution of the
universe and the radio-active bodies have
been therefore aptly termed the foundation stones of which atoms are composed.
■ This is the most fascinating theory of the
year—that   of   the   atomic or material
^nature of electricity,   the   electrons of
electricity are probably contained in immense numbers in every atom of matter.
If the electrons succeed in getting out of
the atoms they issue with a velocity comparable to that of light and the body is
termed      radio-active.       Sir     William
Crookes believes that in the scintillations
[Continued on page 5.]
TlCHEm
TdllCCO
Largest Sale in Canada
00000000000000000000000000
Straight
Party
Lines
Just Qpened
COMWCIAL
S30TEL
First Class Dining Room
Newly Fitted
IPebruary, 13, 1904.
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
City
Good BeOS
 No Chinese Employed	
fP^TBEST BRANDS LIQUORS AND CIGARS ALWAYS IN STOCK
SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO TRAVELLERS
HUSTON & McLEAN, Proprietors
WE ARE EXCLUSIVELY
SHOEMAKERS
AND CAN GUARANTEE
Style, Comfort and Durability
IN FOOTWEAR
MANUFACTURED
BY US.
NICOLA LAKE
1 1
OF MONTREAL, LTD.
© OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
The Hotel has been thoroughly renovated and refitted.
Everything First Class.
No pains spared to please the public.
Table supplied with best the market affords.
Fine Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
||1||     TELEPHONE* BATH. '
Headquartersifor Princeton, Spence's Bridge and Kamloops
Stage Lines.
I
\
-c
a
IF YOU GET ||
A CIGAR ONE HALF    «
AS GOOD AS THE
For   Connoisseurs   Only.
Can be had at all first-class hotels through
out the province.
R.P.RITHET&CO.,Ld.
VICTORIA, B. C,
Sole Agents*
§
<\
I
M -'4
~  For   the STAR
C For   the STAR
WONDERS OF RADIUM.
[Concluded from page 4.]
produced on screens. by radium emana-
jj tions there is witnessed the actual bombardment of the screens by the electrons
hurried off by the radium at a velocity
equal to that of light. He likens the
phenomena to that of individual drops
of rain falling on a still pool, the rain
drops are not seen as such but by the
splash and the ripples and waves they
produce in ever widening circles. This
is the present phase which originated
with the discovery of the Becquerel rays
in 1896.
As to the nature of radium: Radium is
a complete enigma to chemists and physicists. It appears to upset the sacred,
orthodox principles of the conservation
of energy, since it gives out, apparently,
its tremendous emanations of light and
heat with no corresponding loss that is
measurable. An atom of radium is believed to contain over 200,000 electrons,
one class of which moves with the speed
of light, that is, at the rate of 185,000
miles a second. Professor Crookes states
that the energy given out by one gram
of radium electrons is enough to lift the
whole British fleet to the top of Nickel
Plate mountain. Since radium gives off
heat and light spontaneously and without measurable loss, which can only be
accounted for in our present state of
knowledge by change in the structure of
the atoms themselves, what ideas and
conceptions this new element suggests !
If the heat activity of the sun should
be due in purt to emanations of radioactive bodies, all the laborious calculations of physicists and astronomers as to
the period when the sun will cease to
vivify the circling orbs that depend on
him for life, go for naught. It has heen
suggested by Prof. Boys that radium emanations may help to explain the phenomena of the swift shooting tails of
comets. The suggestion has been made
that the dream of transmutation, such as
that which possessed the alchemists, is
an accomplished fact in radium.
Could radium be obtained in large
quantities it would prove a valuable
source of light and possibly of power,
though withal a dangerous substance to
have near one. But a ton of pitchblende,
the principal ore of uranium, is required
to produce a gram, 15^ grains, of radium. A gram would cost $2,000. A
five per cent, salt of radium is sold in
Paris in small tubes at $5 a tube. A new
industry has arisen in Germany and
France where radium is being supplied
at a rate that works out at $60,000 an
ounce. M. Curie has stated that it would
probably mean death to go into a room
containing one pound of the substance.
A particle placed on the bare skin causes
blisters. But there is a possibilf|$r that
the salts of radium may exercise curative
effects. Dr. Macintyre has recorded
three cases in which daily exposure to
radium for periods ranging from twenty
minutes to half an hour cured lupus and
rodent ulcer. It has been stated that a
tube no bigger than a goose quill containing a fifth of a gram of radium accomplishes results in the cure of cancer
which exceed those of the X-rays, and
scientists are working and watching with
intense interest for more startling developments in connection with this wonder-
j/^ful discovery."
THE:
A. E. HOWSE COMPANY
LIMITED
Nicola Lake and Princeton
SSs
X/l
>>
a
o
4
o
1. -V*^   **
Ibliifend.
"Name on Every Piece."
JowKeys
Chocolate Bon-Bons.
o
S3
-:o:-
JAS. CLARK
WATCHMAKER
and JEWELLER
ALL   WORK WARRANTED
Hedley and Princeton
Subscribe for the Star, only $2
per annum.
-Taking Sale
Now Golan m
-:o:-
In order to make room for new Spring Stock we will clear ont
Several lines at a reduction §
-:o:-
The Time for Big Bargain®
Fine Stock of Fresh Groceries
■
<J4e   *S&.    (u.   tjywme     tut
tmAo^m/
0   •
 *%
m
m
*mr?
K
THE    SIMILKAMEEN    STAR
February 13, 1904
i'
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t
t
t
t
I
I
i
^%^%^%^%^%^%^%>\^%^%^^^%^%>,%^%>%^%^^^^<^<^<^<M^r9
The Town of
PRINCETON
4t
*
Lots for
• • • ^^cll t • • •
PRESENT PRICES OF
LOTS
From $2.00 to $10.
Per Front Foot.*£e^
Size of Lots 50x100
Ft. and 33x100 Ft.
Terms: 1-3 Cash;
BaL 3 and 6 months,
with interest at 6 per
cent, per annum. &
m
British Columbia.
Govern®
eal-
quarters for He Slillliiieen liirlci.
BEAUTIFULLY SITUATED at thejForks of the Simii-
kanfee& and Tuiameen Rivers. The BUSINESS CENTRE for the following Mining Camps:— Copper Mountain
Kennedy Mountain, Friday, Boulder and Granite Creeks,
Summit, Roche River,  Upper Tuiameen and Aspen Grove.
FINE CLIMATE
and PURE WATER
ENORMOUS AGRICULTURAL AREA TO DRAW FROM
Sencf tor Map and Price List to <£ <£\*£ <&> *&
ERN#T  WATERMAN,
Resident Manager VERMILION  FOjlKS
MINING AND DEVELOPMENT CO.
5
1
i
3
|
i
5
m
I
1
H
11.;--^
a
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P
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