Open Collections

BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The San Francisco Journal of Commerce British Columbia Edition 1888-02

Item Metadata


JSON: sfjcbce-1.0339772.json
JSON-LD: sfjcbce-1.0339772-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): sfjcbce-1.0339772-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: sfjcbce-1.0339772-rdf.json
Turtle: sfjcbce-1.0339772-turtle.txt
N-Triples: sfjcbce-1.0339772-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: sfjcbce-1.0339772-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

?M ifrmrisco   Jourtwl  of Commerce
■i*" 'T   ff*   ■*,i"   «f   •»    «f    Y   «"
sfe sfi slo
Tne New Orleans Exposition.
Since the Centennial no exposition has ever
bf aeld in the United States at all approach-
its i= 't_portance that now held at New Or-
■ jans. and in fact we may say that nothing like
it has ever been seen in the country before. It
derives its importance partly from the importance of New Orleans, partly from its location
and partly because the Crescent city is the eapi-
tol of the French - descended portion of the
population of the Gulf States. The situation
of New Orleans is one of the finest in the
world. Before the war it was the great metropolis of the South, and bids fair to be so in the
future. Its population according to the census
of 1880 was 216,090, and cannot now be less
than 260,000. Its location at the mouth
of the Mississippi and its forty-two
navigable tributaries draining the heart of the
North American continent is such, that nothing
finer commercially can be imagined. The
Mississippi and its tributaries drain twenty-one
States ana Territories—has a navigable waterway of 15,710 or nearly 16,000 miles. It is the
natural outlet of all the States and Territories
here referred to, and their teeming millions—
the place where all their industries will some
day seek a market, so far as they seek a foreign
one, and into the port of which shall be poured
the riches of the commerce of the earth into
the lap of the valley of the Father of Waters.
Directly opposite, almost, to New Orleans is
the mouth of one of the great rivers of South
America, the mighty Orinoco, which
leads navigation right into the heart of
the     South     American     continent. The
tributaries of the Orinoco interlock with those
of the world of waters, the Amazon, while the
latter, by Its southern tributaries, is brought to
the doors of navigation of the Bio de la Plata,
thus leading through thousands of miles of waterway right through into the heart of the
southern portion of the Americas, and .perhaps
the one greatest in natural resources. From
Lake Itasca to Buenos Ayres, there is an almost uninterrupted navigation of nine thousand
miles, with the Crescent city in the commercial
centre. It has also direct communication with
the great Congo Valley of South Africa and its
hundred millions of people, while the proposed
Nicaragua and Panama canals, and the proposed Tehuantepec ship railroad, brings it to the
Orient and the Pacific.
The Souttt is entering on a new life, and
New Orleans will be the busy oentre of that
life. The seven million bales of ootton raised
from the Ohio to the Mexique Bay, and from
the Atlantic to the western border of Texas will
all find a market there, and not only a market
but a place of manufacture, whence it will be
dispersed abroad to clothe the peoples of the
world. The cotton alone is worth more than
two hundred millions of dollars. _ Place the
imports on what it will have, paid for
similar sum,   and you
Imports Into the Province of British Columbia for 12 Years, Ending June 30, 1883.
Yesr ending 30th Jnne, 1872.
From Canada ,
Tear ending 801b Jnce, 1873..
From Can da.... _. ....
Trar ending 30!h Jane,
From Canada	
Year ending 30th Jnne, 1875.
From Canada	
Year ending 30th Jens. 187*..
From Canada	
Year ending 30th Jnne, 1877..
From Canada	
Year ending 80th Jnne, 1878.
From Canada	
Year ending 30th Jane, 1879
From Canada	
Year ending 30th Jnne, 1880.
From Canada	
Tear snding 80th Jane, 1881..
Prom Canada	
Tear ending SOth Jnme, 1883..
From Canada	
Tear ending 30th Jane, 1883.
From Canada	
Talc* of
Total Imposts.
$1.790 352 00
37,115 00
2.191.011 00
76,004 00
1,085.5(0 00
68,104 00
2.543.55 ■ 00
117,054 00
9^97,697 00
129.735 00
3,230,368 00
1(3,142 00
3.244,503 00
1.440.781 00
184.951 (0
1,689,3»4 00
308,072 00
2.489.843 CO
387,111 00
2.899.243 00
449,7(8 CO
3,937.538 00
824.207 00
tl .800.3(1 00
1,!69.113 CO
l.«7«,T93 00
1.934,482 CO
3.337.073 00
1330,391 00
1,905,301 00
1,997,128 90
1.(14,1(5 00
2,214,1(3 00
1,472,174 00
3,331.023 00
Fax* Goods.
$166,707 00
22,215 CO
507,364 00
75,(01 00
371,544 00
66.104 00
(66,111 CO
117,054 00
707,906 00
129,735 00
346,318 00
163.143 00
367.936 00
144,754 00
3:0.3'29 00
184,951 90
122 451 00
208 073 00
342.963 00
387.111 00
401.587 00
449,7(8 00
550,833 00
(24,307 00
$1,767,068 00
23.216 00
2,076.476 00
78.(04 00
2,04«,336 00
(6.104 00
2.490.593 ro
117,954 00
2,944,978 01
129,735 00
2,166.709 00
163,142 00
2,273,127 00
144.764 00
2.317,464 00
184 951 00
1.736.616 09
208,072 00
2.457.116 CO
387,111 00
2,876,461 00
449,768 00
3,866^56 00
624.307 00
for the 12 years
$342,'.»0 48
302,147 65
336.491 47
413,991 50
448,384 (2
426,126 14
484,704 04
450,175 43
689,429 92
(78,104 63
907,765 54
$5 813,337 13
Year ending 30.a June. 1884..
Fr.m Canada	
$3,476,796 SO
789,287 00
92,957.296 00
•493,743 00
788.287 09
$3,371,038 00
788 287 00
$790,(76 91
UliO:— Caatoms oolleetioaa at New We^ttainlaUr for the six months ending Dee. Slst were $61,-
8(7 46 ; excise. $4,632 78. Total, $65,000 23. For the corresponding period of 1(81, the auonnts
were $34,031 (4 »nd $3 035 Si.    Total. $37,067 73, showing an increase of $37,942 49.
Exports from the Province of British Columbia for 12 Tears, Ending 30th June, 1883.
1873.  •(
B. Ore 3.839
Coal..     190,94
at a
,, and you have a possible out-
tome'of commerce of four hundred millions
per annum, and arising from a single article.
Truly, cotton is king.
As a manufacturing center it has even a
higher station in the future. These seven million bales of cotton were they all manufactured
in the Crescent City would be worth nearly
four hundred millions of dollars, where the
raw material would be worth only one-half.
We give this not with an intention to affirm
that New Orleans is likely to center in herself
all the industries of the South, but rather to
show what an important future is before her
. and some points that indicate what that future
may be. ,  .
New Orleans is one of the great ports of the
United States through which the flood tide of
immigration in future, must flow.   An immigration from Europe has centered here  since
the first French settlement.    Attracted by consanguinity    and    by    language,    many    of
the   sons   of   France   who   seek   a  foreign
shore      find     themselves      irresistably    attracted   by   that   city  looking   out   on   the
tropics that bears for name that which irresistibly draws to mind la pucelle a" Orleans, the renowned Joan of Arc. The original Frenoh settlement is thus being continually added to, and de-
SDite its American nationality the sons of France
look upon it as an outpost of their country beyond the sea.   Hence France and Spain also
which too has contributed of its blood to build
it up, Italy, and Continental Europe as a whole,
will be attracted hither, as  they could by no
other American city.   England is sending the
Great Eastern with a full line of exhibi s.   When
she is anchored in the stream she will serv., as
a great hotel for the city's guests.   This exposition will.therefore, be the «»0(^eW9Mn1aftr«
ever held in America, and may be truly termed
a peaceful congress of the nations.
1879.    j
Gold.. $1,072.02
8. Ore to
Coal..    27$.*3
8. Ore        1A>
Coal..     323.54
Coal..      669.0
Gold .$1,188.7!
Coal..      D30.1C
Gold..$l 031,46.
Coal..     727.71J
Coal .
$943 703
Hot th# predaoe of
8. Ore
■ 1,(64.636
1 333,383
Til ^28
Not thr prodaoe ef
riot the produce of
Not the
Not thr
Hot the
Net tin
Not the
Not thr
Not the
Not thr
Not the
produce of
produce of
produce of
produce ol
produce of
produce ef
produce of
produce of
produce of
British C
British C
British C
British C
British 0
Brltiah C
$H**9 r
British O
Brltiah 0
British C
Br tiah C
British C
3,946 969
3,708 847
General    Merchandise,
London Offices:     ■     -     -     61 St. Mary Axe Street.
Incorporated, $£50,000   Capital.
British Columbia Soap Works
Mottled. Yellow, Fancy and Toilet
Retailed by every dealer in the Province.     Wholesale at the Factory.
LIVJEIEfcY    and    H^OIC    ST^.IJIL.EJS
Corner Government and  Johnson  Streets.
Baggage   Tranferred   to   and   from   Steamers.
Turner, Beetou & Co.
The Globe Marine Insurance Company, of London.
Guardian Fire Insurance Company, of London.
Hartford Fire Insurance Company, of Connecticut.
North British and Mercantile, of London.
Wharf Street, opposite Yates, Victoria, B. O-
Bank of British Columbia,
Incorporated by Royal Charter, 1862.
CAPITAL,        -  . v   -       . - -        $2,500,000
With power to inorease.
DIRECTORS—Robert Gillespie, Esq. (London Director Bank of Montreal), Chairman ;
James Anderson, Esq. (Messrs. Anderson, Anderson & Co.); Eden Colville, Esq. (Deputy Governor Hudson's Bay Co.); H. D. Harrison, Esq. (Messrs. Falkner, Bell & Co., San Francisco);
Sir John Rose, Bart., E. C. M. G. (Chairman London and Westminister Bank.) London Office—28 Cornhill, London. Branches at San Francisco, Cal.; Portland, Or.; Victoria, B. C;
New Westminster, B. C.
AGENTS AND CORRESPONDENTS.—In Canada : The Bank of Montreal and
branches. United States—Agents Bank of Montreal, 5SL Wall street, New York ; Bank of Montreal, Chicago. United Kingdom—Bank of British Columbia, 28 Cornhill, London ; National
Provincial Bank of England, North and South Wales Bank, British Linen Company's Bank,
Bank of Ireland. India, China, Japan, Australia and New Zealand—Chartered Bank of India,
Australia and China, English, Scottish and Australian Chartered Bank, Bank of Australasia,
Commercial Banking Company of Sydney. Mexico and South America—London Bank of
Mexico and South America.
Telegraphic transfers and remittances to and from all points can be made through this
bank at current rates.
Collections carefully attended to and every description of banking business transacted.
:E»t;*Vfc>liA»liooa   iu   1858.
Mass.; Davis & Laurence Company, Montreal ; California Fig Syrup Company ; Grimault &
Co., Paris ; Milbnrn & Co.. Toronto ; D. Jayne & Son, Philadelphia.
WINDOW GLASS always on hand.
We beg to convey our best thanks to our old correspondents for their continued oonfldenoe,
and to assure our more recent ones that our best efforts will be exerted to promote their interests. LANGLEY A CO.
Book and Job Printer
Viotorla. IQ.  O.
jUX^af^ A. BRONSON, Proprietor.
•   IN *
Government St.,
Total  Exports.
I3.6J3    !    1270,866
r*et the'proJnce of
British C
olomb a.
Total (or th. bat, and ng Dwambar 91st 93,161,893
o — These returns do tb. Lumbar and Fish exports of New WsstrntmsLr the past half rear.
'    Maw Westminister, .take direct reiurna i. Ottawa.
Angelica, Etc.
Inserted   Saw   Teeth.
All     Work.    <3t--ajLA.X-A.XlLt.90c3..
No. 32 Fremont Street, San Francisco.	
Garesche, Green & Companv
Govern*m.ezit  Street.
Victoria, B. C.
Foreign  and   Domestic
Oregon and Island
Terms—Bills Payable Monthly.
   "Victoria,  B.  O.
DEPOSITS received in Gold, Silver and TJ. S. Currency. Interest paid
in the same on time deposits.
GOLD DUST and U. S. CURRENCY purchased at highest market rates.
New York and Canada. _ ",
EXCHANGE ON LONDON available in all parts W Europe, England,
Ireland and Scotland.
LETTERS OF CREDIT issued on the principal Cities of the United
States, Canada and Europe.
A complete assortment of all kinds of Cariosities, manufactured in stone and wood hg
Haida and other Indians of the Northwest Coast (as illustrated in the August number of tSe
" West Shore"), can always be found in stock at
Johnson Street,
Government and Broad,
Museums and Libraries supplied at lowest possible rates.    All purchases carefully paoked-
so as to carry safely to any part of the world.    Jasr- Correspondence solicited. £ton  Stancmo   Jaurnal   of  Commerce
■Vol.    I.
e     Capital
Increasing   Importance-
Her Splendid Geographical Position.
The  Pacific Watch Tower.
Council and  *
the people.      aasemo'y. the latter elected by
Has an area   ,TANCOnTISB w^sd
miles iotigeabV.i,6,000 e1°are miles, being 275
In 1843 the n„Ja,6ra8° breadth of 8ft m
1843 the aTd,
Home  time
. I miles.
trading  nnftuU80n, BaJ' Company established
»ton jhe iB!andi wbich waa for
(1j ■ , ~~ *»!nuu, wuk.ii wan i
constituting a uS.,y the United Stake as
By the treaty ofiiue \.he Loni8'ana purchase,
was confirmed t %,' however, the possession
a colony i„ Si l*r,ettt Britain. It was made
with British rv'i' T w*8 Anally consolidated
■"era are sm. 1, !,* 88ven Jeara lat«- The
and NillinatZmJ1"1 not nftvig»hle. Nootka
I he island i... " contain excellent harbora.
the Gnlf 0f i'*,ated from the oontineut by
width, which J^0181*.1 'wenty-five miles in
•Johnson's ,7.., aricates with the ocean, bv
Juan de Fuoa il°.wthe nor,h- and tha Strait of
The nrin ? SOnth-
the Fraser rf nTera of B"tish Colombia are
navigable for im! !° the Kooky mounuins,
Gulf of Geortri. !?" BIld emptying into the
the Skeena Th'p I °- B,'ckeen> the Nae. and
thiB province        ^""nbia river also rises in I
and many vacant chain from the first breakfast onwards, a grailTial reappearance of
almost forgotten face* as we draw near onr
destination and a moat regretful knowledge that
things in general and other things in particular ware just beginning to get very pleasant
when the time approached to aay good-bye.
On the whole tha journey was briar and a very
British Columbia in general, and Victoria in
particular, unquestionably holds a very important
A reference to a map of the world will show
INTO.    8.
villa at the north and east, and Olympia, Oakland. Btellsooom City, Tacomd. Port Madison,
SeattB and Port Townsend from tha south,
with all the other places rapidly growing into
importance along these shores, mast pass
throigh her gateway.
Aaahowing the importance of her geographical position, the Home Government made it a I
It ia indeed
a vsbt nrvrnso city .
and beauty. Fortunately, very few "improvements" have betn attempted here, beyond
the making of roads and olearing out the un-
The town site, as will be seen from sketches | derbmah, and it would be the grossest vandsl-
on the first and second pages of this ulitioa, > ism to do so. Ever and again seme moss-cov-
rises gradually from the water nntil it reaches a j ered rock affords a welcome reat to thoae who
higher level, where will be found the principal ] love to linger in the shady grovea, whilst rustle
business    streets.      These    streets    in   turn   seats- are thickly  scattered  ovsr the  more fre-
in tnetSOto;0}* that °f tha AOantic Co»st I
nmon »IJr   ^   " degrees below
Victualing Yards and
Coaling Stations.
It is related of one of the Kings of France
that his Father Confisscr took him to task for
too freely indulging in the society of the ladies
of his court to the neglect of his own lovely
and charming consoit.
uncommon temperature.
Died byetheern P°r'i°a of the  country is occn'
Tl        1.- B0CKI "O^TAISS.
15 7no ii7hest, "umniit fe™>g Mount Hooker,
CaV™ li    ' M>d Mount Brow». 16,000 feet. The
S^rra   v'T'1"'  a    continuation  of   the .
north to r.^' travere0   th<>    province from !
°h ^oas      & 8U di""nce of *°° Biles from '
°ast'   Th«e are large tracts of
5=22 'he ^"oore   and   in   the    valleyB  ofi
if™l"m   »nd Fraser   Kivers. and crops of
Wo V   '7e' oat8' Potatoes,   turnips and hay j
a»*'1 'TP-   Tha valleys and hillsides
are well wooded, the
Being cedar, fir, pine, willow and poplar,
some of immense size.    The principal
Of the province hitherto has been in its gold
mines, together with fish, lumber and coal, but
what undeveloped riches may reault from the
advent of the New Canadian Pacific Bailway
it is impossible to estimate.
Gold erUts in all parts of the province, but
the greatest quantity has been taken ont along
rraser River. Ouly the alluvial deposits,
where the geld is found in g. ains, have thus
far been worked. Veins of silver, copper, lead
and iron ores have been discovered. Bituminous coal exists in the valley of Thompson
River, one of the affluents of the Fraser.
There are also large deposits on Vancouver
IslaLd, which have been very successfully
worked for some time, as also two on Qaeen
Charlotte Island.
The hint was taken in good part and   appa-   4ry Bold, furs, lumber, spars of great size, fish,
«ti» f,.i-mM.„ fish oil and cranberries.    The imrtorts are Dro-
rently forgotten.
At dinner, however, the King quietly asked
the Good Father, who was a noted epicure, what
was his favorite dish. "Partridges, yonr Majesty," replied the unsuspecting priest.
The chef <fe cuisint was accordingly foith-
with instructed to prepare for the future nothing but plump little partridges for this priestly
disciple of Epicurus.
For tha first few meals the Holy Father did
ample justice to his repast, but at the end of
the third day complained to the King that he
was feasting upon nothing but partridges, and
learned to his surprise it was by bis Majesty's express command! "Mixfoi, yes," said the
King, "did I net ask you to tell me your favorite dish?" "Your Majesty is really too kind.
Partridges are of a certainty very niee, mats
toh/uurs perdrix'."—and the nauseated expression of countenance finished the sentence !
The priest was al>wed to return to his varied
courses, bat never again did he tackle the
King upon his inconstancy. "Tonjours per-
dxix" was a text that he remembered. So will
tha San Fbasctsco Jocbnai. of Cox jo-i:*. we
thiua.    b«   pardoned   «.  i..p   ;.. '--ii.
California is vary charming; her wild Sierra*,
her deep Yoaemite, her graceful redwoods, her
mammoth Sequoiaa, her riah valleys and her
sonny homes, "nt/zw tonjottrn jxrdrij::" However good the tempting morael, a change is
none the less appreciated. There is something
fresh and piquant in this outside flirtation.
and our rea ler-^ we know.will enjoy a glimpse
beyond oar bbfeen as well as ourselves.
iiefore proceeding to give oar impression of
this wonderlul country or to describe the points
of interest and of beauty that have met us on
every hand, it will be expedient to refreah our
memAries somewhat respecting its situation, its
governmental and political aspects and the like.
Pint then
Of which British Columbia forms a part, is a
confederation onder the British flag, composed
at ihe provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Mew
Brunswick, Nova Scoti., Manitoba, British
Columbia and Prince Edward Ialand, and ot
tha Northwestern Territories. It has a total-area
of 3.372.290 square mi lea. and embraces all thr
Britiah possessions in North America, with the
exception of the island of Newfoundland and
tha coast of Labrador. It is bounded on the
North by the Arctic Oceun. on tha South by
the I nited States, on the West by the Pacific
Ocean and Alaika, and on the East by the Atlantic.
The Dominion was created by an Act of the
British Parliament in 1867.
The form of government, while in some respects similar to that of the United States, differs widely from it in others. Executive power
is vested in a Governor-General, who is appointed by the British Government, and exercises authority in the name of the Queen. His
advisers are the members of his Privy Council, whom he appoints and removes with the
concurrence of ihe House of Commons.
The Queen is vested with the command of
the naval and nrlitary forces, including the
militia. Legislative power is entrusted to two
Houses of Parliament, the Senate and the
House of Commons. The members of the
Senate are appointed by tha Governor-General, on the recommendation of the Privy
Council, and are apportioned between the
provinces, three falling to the share of British
Colombia. A Senator mast possess free-hold
and personal property to the value of 94,000
each, and must be a resident of the province
(or which he is appointed, The tenure of office is for life, vacated only by Joss of his qualifying property, or upon conviction of some
infamous crime.
The House, of Commons consists of 20*!
members, six of whom ure returned from British Columbia. All appropriation bills mast,
as in England, originate in this house, to which
the Privy Council is responsible, it being in accord with the views of that political party
which, for the time being, has the majority.
The Dominion Parliament has exolusive control ot the currency, postal service, public
debt, raising of money by any mode of taxation or by borrowing, regulation of trade and
commerce, tha militia, savings banks, mamuge
and divorce, criminal law, navigation, ahtp-
ping, bankruptcy, and ail subjects not specially
uesigned to local legis'atures.
The Provincial Legislatures have the rights
to levy direct taxes and borrow money for provincial purposes, the management of the public lands, public works lyin^ within the provinces, municipal insiitutious, hospitais, prisons, asylums and charities, and generally all
matters of a local or private charade r.
All ju lges are appointed by the Dominion Government jexeert thoae of some minor
•■ourts in the maritime provinces), and hold
their appointments for life, removable only
by their own resignation, by impeachment or
by death.
The merchant marine of the Dominion ranks
as the fourth largest of the world. The manufacturing ii.terests of the Dominion have so
developed within a few years that the data
furnish' <! by the last returns are now of little
From this rapid sket'-h of the I lominion in
general, we turn to an equ iliv rapid sketch
In particular. This Province is the westernmost of those composing the' Dominion of
Canada. It lies between latitude 4H minutes
It seconds and longitude 113 degrees: 130 degrees west. It is bounded on the north by the
sixth parallel, and on the East by the Canadian
Rocky Mountains, on the South by the Pacific
States, and on the West by Alaska and the Pa-
cifio Ocean. Its area is :!f>6,U0Q sqimre mites.
(larger than England, Scotland, Wales and
Ireland, and more extensive even than California, Oregon and Washington Territory
This province was formerly unjer the Hud
son Bay Company, but in 1H58 (Owing chiefly
to the influx of inhabitants caused by the discovery of gold on the Fraser river), it was
created a distinct Territorial Government. In
1871 the Province joined the Dominion of
Canada, it being a condition precedent that
tfte Dominion should connect the Atlantic with
the Pacific by railway. Victoria, situate on
Vancouver Island, is the capital ot the province. The form of government is similar to
that of the other provinces. A Lieutenant
•ovsroor and  Cabinet  uf five,   a  Legislative
nd cranberries. " The imports are provisions, clothing, furniture and the like.
A   PBOTfccnVE   DtTTX
Is imposed on all imports, and, although all
Canadian goods and products are admitted free
of duty iuto the mother country, England pays
the same duty as America or any other country for all goods she sends into the Dominion.
Of coarse we do not mean by this that Canada
can ship free of duty goods into the mother
country that are in themselves subject to taxation in England—such as wine, spirits, tobacco and the like. What we mean is that Canadian goods and products are as free from duty
in England as if they hud been produceel or
manufactured in England itself—and that with
these few exceptions all Canadian goods are
admitted free into English ports, whereas England pnys Canuds duty upon all goods shipped
to the Dominion, just the same as any disconnected foreign country would do.
Our readers will, we trust, pardon us this introductory article, dealing with matters w«y
within the covers of a school geography, b -
having  thus
PLrATiFP   thp   ■- IT
might hsve been floating in aome aerial machine. It was impossible to tell where water
ended and where earth and »ky began. Towards noon the mountains assumed a more
definite shape, yet even then the fickle Dame
seemed coy and like a akillfui flirt determined
to let imagination lend enchantment to the
w... In part. Cbe hase .n.t distant clouds
. seemed interwoven as a guazy mantle which
By recalling the general "situation" respecting Nature in artistic mode had donned and
the country of our visit, we feel that we car. ' ,r, -,ped around her charms, disclosing just
the better enlarge upon the special description I enough tc make you wish for more.    On our
left  the    craggy    mountains   of   Vancouver
enjoyable one.    The third day you lose sight of ■ this at a glance.    Not  only are  the distances
land  entirely, but  after the  third night you j comparatively favorable  across the   ocean   to
^■££££E!tt£rZ ££ ' J°P-- «- <""» "«* but the direction
of Joan de Fur*. { of the trade winds, the  open  harbors and vast
It appeared to us se though we   had  taken ; coal fields  must be taken  into consideration.
a ratp to rantTX.Ain> i Moreover, now that the Grand Trunk road is
And were unconsciously drifting through  the ' an  accomplished  fact—a  road that links the
clouds on  our way  to their   shadowy   home, i pacific   Ocean   with   the   system  of the   St.
The straits average some twelve miles across, | T —    —   ■ —     .,.
and Victoria is distant from  the ocean a bout   Lawrence navigation on the Eastern side of the
seventy miles.   The morning of our entry was   American Continent, and traverses, en route-
calm, still  and hazy.    The water was like a   one immense region rich in the products of the
sheet of burnished steel, whilst the bay, the | ioil ,n(j we,nh  of minerals-it is impossible
mist, the clouds and distant  mountains,  were ,   ,. ..      . ..        .. .
blended into one, and for all we could teU we   to "»■■«■"■'" *• Bro"th  ol the  wldeIJ eI
tended commerce that must of necessity follow.
Turning from the map of the world to that on
the seventh page of this edition, the importance
of the geographical position ot Victoria, the capital of the Province, is equally observable. This
map includes but a very small portion of Br^-
ish Columbia, as we were anxious to show, on
a larger scale, that section of the country over
condition precedent to the granting of the
laree subsidy to the new line of steamships
(referred  to in another article), that all their
of each section that we pass through.
"Why,there's quite
a crowd aboard," remarked PaqcHp, as
he cast his < jds <.ft in
search of a " subject," and Pencils
was right for once.
We say "for onoe,"
because yon had batter know right here
that Pencils, who accompanies na on this trip,
has a most poetic goal, and is apt to indulge in
flights of imagination. Ho goes into rapture*
oyqt some dirty Indian in a red blanket, whilst
the more tumble-down the shanty, the less roof
there in to a house, the less safety there is in a
brill"*, or the like, by so much the more
anxious is he to "slap it in." If we did not
keep him somewhat in check, this edition
woold be literally ruinous.
On thiB oc.asion, however, Penjdla1 remarks
Island with glistening inists and thickly |
wnorUd littlft Islands: on oar right the vast !
forests of our distant Territory, aurmounted by J
the Olympian range that now and again thrust ,
its snow capped peaks beyond the clouds, I
content at last to dwell in the everlasting azure
of the vault of Heaven. * '
As we drew near Victoria. Pencils beeame ex-1
cited and declared that we had been
Indeed he went so far as to point out the ex-
act spot oa Lake Lucerne that we were just!
then passing. A gun from the saluting battery .
awoke him from bis dream, and we turned J
our attention to
The  most picturesque view ot this place is
from the   deck of  the boat as you approach.
The   city  lies   scattered  on   a   rising   slope;
above the water, with various prominent land-;
marks standing out before you.    Central above
them   ail, on  the   highest   point of the middle
distance, is thr Church of England Cathedral—
a modern Gothic   wooden   building   to which
distance lends enchantment.    On the right, a
little  underneath, i*  the Reformed Episcopalian Church, whilst to the leit stretch away the ■
principal business houses of the city,    Aa you
approach  you  c*tch a glimpse of Eequimault
bar bo r to the left, and of Beacon hill in front,
which we traveled, and its general relatiorkat.t-
[ to the Pacific Coast.
In referring to this map our renders mty be
! surDrised to find the exceptional iype uaj,d to
| denote Vancouver, and we will here repeat,
i therefore, as we mention in another article,
j that we have purposely emphasized the three
1 Vsnoouvers as a warning to the unwary by call-
1 ing particular attention to the fact that Vancouver on the Coiundtia river is a different place
altogether from Vancouver in British Columbia,
and that neither of the two Vancouvers is situ-
The Lieutenant Governor.
boats, outward or inward  bound, must call at
Moreover, not only is it the seat of the Provincial Government, but the Home and Domin-
set cs thinkiDg and inquiring, and we found ! towards the right.
that the passengers on board the j     °f landing  the revenue officer, who was very ,
iimt iub pun^ fi j pQi,^ RD(j obliging, soon disorAered "from the
sTEAMsatP oao. w. L.U.M; . cut of our jib" that we were not on smuggling
Were  principally Americans, and were not s.i   ben*.  and  forthwith  put hie magic touch of
chalk upon our baggage without even  undoing
on pleasure bent to spend a quiet month in the , J ,t    °
Switzerland   of   America,   but    were    mostly ;     The aoei
booked  to the Fast   via   the   new  Canadian
Facific Railway.    They appeared to be satisfied
on the whole, that although they were losing s
little time they were saving considerable money, |
the rates being appreciably less, and the quan-:
flty of baggage allowed free much gTcater.
The tediousnesB of the journey, moreover, is J
relieved by a far more interesting route—that is j
to say, the chief scenic effects on the American
lines  are puesed  through at night, whilst the '
Csnadisn line tskes you by day  as well as by
night through one continued  panorama of the
grandest and most  sublime  scenery  that the ■
globe contains.     Hence  theu   the Elder  was
pretty  full.    Pencils was soon  engaged   in a
surreptitious sketch   of   the   most   charming
•• little woman " aboard; in due course we are
under way. the '.olden (late is passed and we
at the wharf was "very English,
! you know." N\ t a 'bu., not a horse ear to be
■ seen, though the city claims some It,000 inhabitants; but instead a whole line of hansom''cabs, ''landaus," "victorias" and other
( conveyances; whilst for style the private teams,
! tandems,    wagonettes,    doc-carts    and      the ' < >f the rich sounds and gulfs and inlets which
ate on Vancouver Ialand     Returning, then, to   ion
the geographical position of Victoria, it will be
seen that she
atretoh away beyond, and on to still gradually I quented   parts, and near  by  where the band
rising ground, where are located some of the , plays (see sketch).    Here  in fact, one u ■ -
principal residential  houses.    In London, the ; day afternoon ia quite a gay and festive scene.
metropolis of England, the  seat of government | The military band, the appreciative com] any,
ia removed a abort distance, namely to the Court j the sporkliDg eyes snd rosy oheeks (no powder
I of St. James at Westminster, and so here, the j and paste here,fair daughters of San Francisco),
| seat of  government   is   removed   across   the ' the blooded horses.the great variety of carriages
| bridge  to   the  Westminster   of    Victoria,   on • m -ke quite an animated picture.    There .eome
James' Bay.    This email   bay   and   bridge  is | " sweet little   thing" on   a bobtail nag. there
shown in the sketch on the second page.    The i another, just as swtet, in full charge of a dog-
; government buildings are situate just over this I cart, with her " tiger " behind, and a far more
bridge on   the  right, and   here  also  will  be ' vicious looking animal in trout, and  thus and
touud  many of  the  principal private houses.Ij thm in every  direction, an inteiesting crowd.
Another  "arm"  of the harbor extends in   a ' Then on past the oaks and drs to grassy slopes
southerly  direction several   mile-t inland, and   and sunny   lawns where many a hard-fought
reaches nearly to ; game of baseball or cricket hai been lost and
; won, and on till you reach the summit of a gentle incline  known  as Beacon Hill.    This hil.
Here   will   be   found    the     Deptford   and ' 8io«'8,r»P'.dlv'? «he water, and around its he<e
Woolwich of Victoria, but instead of en. ouater- > r,klrtlD« """ «lg».°f the grove on etther handing the greasy, grimy Thames vou hare spread ! " " "eaguihcent driveway.    The view is beyond
before  *oa i most  magnificent  harbor,   pro-, d'aenpUon-   Beneath you the blue wstera of the
| tected from every  wind, deep, clear, b.ight-a ! str"ta "f J'"n 'la tac». '(retching down to-
' perfect paradise for sailors, and  l>iuK wara\ ,,he  ^^   on   your right,  and   Pug.t
fnlly at anchor will be seen an iron-clod mon-   8oQDd,vfow"dr J0" l«£. «hilst the oppoatte
i star of the   deep,   with  several   M,-, looking! shore 'Washington lerntory) Banked along its
' Utile corvettes to keep her company. Here has   ""f^  '"8<h   '"J. the^ramp;rts of snow that
just been completed a  large drydock. and or-   °r°wo thf O yrnpian Highli, seem charged with
ders have recently been Issued to construct ex- ;   .h*. Sood. ^iT10a to the people on  e.ther side,
' ten-ive fortifications     The Home Government'. „.Tht'a sh,Ut  not mel  thy neighbor's land,
have     undertaken   to    —pply    8u».   W    the   ''lancing   over   your   "boulder    towards    the
heaviest calibre.    Here also at present is quite   f»st' >'oa "—.**' *Io°Qt "•*•r P™udlv raioing
an exteuaive navy yard, to  be ahortly greatlv f ^u hoary crest in the full majesty of his splen-
• enlarged, and here likewise will be established   ?or. ,It '"• '""jort, impossible for any city to
: a very important coaling station, as referred to '' Le   blest   wlth 5*»V grander,   more   perfect
above recreation grounds  than are set aside for the
Our readers will notice a sketch of the light- ; P™!"18 ot th" city-
house at the entrance to this harbor, known «• thk oorsim dbiias,
the "Fisgaard Light." Esquimau. Pencils Moreover, in every direction, weuld make a
sat himself behind an intereating relic for the Californiana mouth water. The roads everywhere are perfect. The reason for this was
; apparent, for upon in pury we found that the
roads were niude and maintained, not by indi-
| viduala, not by corporations, not by conimuni-
' ties even, but by the Government itself.
Victoria undoubtedly possesses   fine advantages as
. And as she  becomes  better  known  and more
hugely advertised, there  is no question that
: year by year will add  to  her increasing popularity   with   the   traveling   public,   and   that
• Americans generally, and   Callfornions   in par-
| tieular. will seek to spend a portion of the year
, in ber bracing air, enjoying not merely her Al-
pine scenery, her evening twilight, her perfect
roads, charming society ami kindred pleasures,
bat the restfnlness ever produced by an entire
change, such us can alone be  obtained by occasionally oi-ossing the border and mixing with
people   holding different   customs, and habits,
and modes of life to those we are  accustomed
to at home.    As we remark in another oolnmn.
to  an   Engliebnian   British   Columbia   is  very
Ameriean  in   Its   ton-*    and    appearance; an
American, however, would   find   here quite
also     have
t     Victoria,
an '
sake of "the "artistic," but. although the 100-
ton guns have  not yet arrived, we should  be
special    interests
is no doubt that the near future; sorry to mislead the Russian Beer or any other
will Bee strong fortifications at this ; poacher that might come prowling around, snd
commanding point, with extensive arsenals and < are bound to confess   therefore, should   such
strikiog difference and   much food for  observation and enjoyment accordingly.
As the seat of Government and
And  not
holds   a   very   exceptional
roerelv  is she   tne
capital   of   the
1-rtpUlln  Ar.liey fttla awf over ftiv ri^lr.
<ptclal  Artist fetti badly over the  tnfratl.
sre at last fairly ploughing the rolling waves of
the grnn<!»Pacinc.
See   voyages,   even  when described   by  the
most superb wri'ers, are at last but old friends
in   turned coats,    and   we  will  not  therefore
trouble our readers with any loagacooniit of our
in'eresting passage in the (ieo. W. Elder.    Buf
lice  it  to say  that the ex"el'ent Captain, his
officers ami men all did their level best to make .
thing i   pleasant,   that the weather was charming, and that the view of the California shore, '
which is always kept in sight,  and  indeed  for j head.
the greater part of Ihe passage at cnlv a few I Our "cabby" soon deposited as, latggege ami
miles distant, helped considerably to break the ! all, at the Driard Hotel; and after doing ample
monotony of the voyage. There were, of oourse, ; justice to the well.filled board, we presently
the usual incidents, fogs and rollers, spouting j sought onoe more to obtain our long lost land
whales, saluting boats, full tables to start witb,
suburbs within s recent date, are numerous,
costly and jadsctoos. end have adde 1 greatly to
the commerolsl standing and appearance of
this conservative place.
Ihe business buildings are solid and substantial, and with but few exceptions built of
alone and brick. Tha public institutions and
Government buildings are of a superior class
and Btyle of architecture, and attractive to the
eye. The several architects certainly deserve
peat commendation, not alone for their skill,
but for the evident painstaking care and forethought ol their designs. One new building in
particular deserves more than pasting mention,
namely, the new Law Courts, now nearing
completion. The building will cost about
$50,u00 when finished, and the citizens are
justly proud of it. It has a fine, commanding
location, and is built of red brick with a solid
foundation of sandstone.
To say nothing of private residences, are In process of erection,whilst some are already liuiKued.
Among t these may be mentioned the George
Stetly building, corner Blanchard and Johnson
streets, a fine three-story brick building, costing
$15,000: the solid brick block of Louis Willie,
on Johnson street, costine 96,500; the residence
of the late Premier, Smytne, on Meuzies street,
a finely finished dwelling house, co-ring about
$0,010; A. J. Lsngley s house en Fort street,
$5,000; F. E. De Veulle's on Menzies
street, $3,000: £ H. Fiohsr, Pandora street,
about $5,000; Boot. Erskine. Kings Eosd,
$3,6v0; Frederick William-. Supeiiur street,
$5,000; J. B. BelUetitre's. Fiscunrd street,
*7.600; Joseph Summers, Ystes street. $2,500;
Joseph Spratt, improvements, $2,000; C. K.
Henonf, Dallas Koad, $2,5o0: the Goldstream
House, J as. Phair. prop., $5,000, and many
others. It ia estimated that a sum total of
$573,NO is being expended on the new buildings now in course of erection and in the hands
of architect*, and the results achieved are a
sure indication of the prosperity and healthy
state of affairs existing in the community, as well as a progoobtication
of the confidence felt in the future. Never
before has com meres and trade been
carried on to such good advantages. An able
Government is at the helm, and conducts the
public affaire with great judgment, firmness
and discretion. The public school system it
renowned for its edu rational facilities und completeness.
Are conducted excellently, and on a most
sound and philanthrope tests. Among these
are many den.>minati >os, comprising Church of
England, Human Catholic, Reformed Episcopalian, Preebyterian, Methodist. Baptist and
Jewish religions. There is also a high school
for sdvaneed pupils, a number as public
rtoheols, controlled by a Board of Trustees.and
maintained free of cost to the parents of the
children attending, all handsome and snbstan-
ti-illy constructed, besides a number of private
The city has an excellent
And telephone connections, and has a number
of lines established, whereby Sau Francisco,
Portland and other ports of importance to iti
commerce can be resdily reached.
A splendid system of
wAJrm wobks
Has been completed at su expense ol gttr\ite\
snd the city is abundantly supplied. The water
is brought by powerful conductors from E k
L tke, a prettv body of wtiter sev*>n miles distant
And a number of strong dectnc lights,
suspended at advantage tw points about the
cit)-, ket»p the place well lighted on
the darkeet nights and loom up high above the
bouses and beautiful drives. TU-re are a
nnmber of societies and clubs, and
Are represented by iron aud brass works,
saw mills, rice mills planing millf, soap
works, boot and shoe factory, cigar
and ma'ch factories, glove fact >ry and a
number of others, which do a thriving business. Four solid banks, a large and handsome
poet etfice, a dozen good hotels, two express
tympanies and a number of ItTrry staples
serve to complete a citr that justly holds the
position of capital of the province
The    Provincial   Government
like  would  make sven our Golden Gate Park J spread    themselves    for   hundreds   of   miles
on a  Rstnrday afternoon hide its diminished   around, tapping Ihe vast regions of usidevel-
I oped   wealth that center to these deep waters
i down  countless canyons and  sloping valleys,
whilst not only Is she the flr>t port that greets
the hardy argonaut on hie s*fe return to shore,
but Vancouver, New Wsbbbsubbbbsx, Wellington,
.egiTtbrougl. tbs gentle Intluenoe of Uorpheus.   Nanaimo.   Whatcom,   sbb Conmer and   Coupe-
victualing yards, navy yards aud coaling stations established as the hfsdquarters for the
British fleet in the Pacific waters.
Rueh then, briefly, is her important geographical position for commerce and trade ami nsval
and military defense, nor ia her position for
health and enjoyment, as a residential center,
leas attractive.
ever be the case, that another sort of barking* \ province, but if may be said that she holds Ihe
irons would be found here, besSdes the one of j eaytaa. as well, ior Victoria Is a BKreVtarj avrv.
Pencils' special selection. j «-««* many h the large pile (hst is hord.d within
Wending   your   way   In   another direction. I her walla,
across James  Bay, you shortly come to TH> ,MPIWTHmnrrBt
bkmxib mix rsEE, Additions and new  structures that  have breu
A natural retreat, perfect in its wild simplicity I made snd erected in Victoria proper  and  its
As mentioned in our introductory article, the
Provincial Government has the ruin to levy
direct tixes, and to borrow m u-y f.>r provincial purposes. It undertakes the management
of the public lands, public works lying within
the province, municipal institutions, homes,
hospitals, prisons, asylnm*, chsrities, and gen-
en.lly all matters of a local character, that is to
say, •' bbsbbb rule," so tar as the province ia
concerned. First on the list is th - Obastf .executive and representative ot the Crown.
His Honor, Hugh Nelson, was boru in Ireland on the 25th May, 1*30, at Larue, County
Antrim. He settled in Brui-h iVlumUa as far
back as ISia. In IW'I he U-omie a partaer iu
the firm of Moody A Co. at Moodyvilie, liur-
rard Inlet, described in anotuer column. He
was Vioe-Presidetst and manager of the Mt»ody-
ville Sawmill Company till Hsa\ when he retired trom business. He rrpr-«t ut-i New
Westminster in the British Columbia Legislature iroiu Nov*inner, 1870, until its dissolution in 1*71, on the confederation of that
colony with the Dominion of Cantda. Ke-
tnrneo to the Commons for that constituency
Noveniht-r, 1*7], and again at the general election, 1872 He sat in tne £>enate from the Pith
December, 1879. until February 8, tH7( when
he was appointed Lieutenant-Governor. He receive- a salary of $9,000.
A portrait of his Honor will be noticed on
this page aa also a sketch cf his cherming
official istlecv in the environs of Victons.
The Cabinet or
KXKcrnvB notmciL
Is com posed of:
The Honorable Robert Dunsmuir, the President of the Council.
The Honorable A. E. B. Davie, Attorney
General and Premier.
The Honorable John Robson, Provincial
Secretary and Minis*-* of Mines.
The Honorable John Herbert Tnrn-r. Minister of Finance and Agriculture*.
The Honorable Forbes K.i9o. Vera >n. Chief
Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Portraits of these several gentlemen will be
noticed on the second page of this edition.
Was born in 1825 at llurlford A\isbire, Scotland, where his father and grand- lather before
him were coul masters. He is a large colliery
proprietor and ship owner.   President of the
Esquimau and Nanaimo Railway and a Jut-tice
of the Peace.
A more extensive sketch of bis life sppeais
in another column.
iuvir, Q  r.
Is a son of John Chapniaa Davie, surgeon, who
emigrated from Englaud to British Columbia in
1862, snd was born in Somersetshire, England,
in 1848. He was called to tne Par o4 British
Columbia in 1873 aud appoiuted VJ C. in 1^3.
He is one of the Benchsrs of the Law Society,
became Attorney General in the cdmiuistratiou
of the Honorable William Smythe. I'p m the
death at Mr. Smythe in 1887, he succeeded hint
as Pr. m er and President of the OssasjatL
la a son of the lste Mr. John RejBSBHt, a mttive
of  Scotia^ d,   who  emigrated to OMSSSB in  189$,
He vta* bom at Penh, Ontario, in L88*\ andset-
;l«d iu Mttsa OosBHsvcaa in LW$.    He wt. Ids u
poweiful pen aud i- equally fovcjpes ass -j>e.ik-
er Hi* established the Itritiyfii'- tmnbim saw*
papa* st New Westimnst.r, and weal editor. .
tik wi e. of the bVbbbb (eassBBt, st Victoria.
tor neaily si\ fanra, He has til ed many vety
iu.|Hirtnut onbjic positions, aud l>< iti^ a legisis-
t ve <\ unctlorst the t.meof the I'liion. the title
<-t It .i -tote   was   oonferrel   asj   him   for life.
THK   BjaSJ     aaffJBJ   BkfcfekUT   Tl'KNkB
Is a sou of Mr John Turner, of Ipswich, ring
He w ..s t*orn at that place in lawn. He cane
to Halifax, Iff, tt., in lN"»o. aud sett'ed iu British Columbia in bbbbX BBBBM further note*
respecting Mr. Turner aud his enterprise will be found iu snolher col
uuin. He was txmne-Ud with ttie volunteer
militia from 1859 to 187 \ when he * uiered !h"
reserve milita- Was appoiuted I.ieuteuaut
Colonel in 1879. Waa Mayor of Yictoiia
for three years from 1*7'*, aud was tir-t returned to the Legislative Assembly at ths last
general electiou.
Is the thitd son of  I.  K   V. Vernon, Esq., D.
L ,  of Ctontarf  Castle,  County  Dubliu,   Ireland.    A full account of his family and lineage
appears in Burke's  Peerage.    He was born at
Clontarf Castle  in  1813, was educated iu England and received a commission  in the Royal
Engineers.    This, however,  he   resigned  after
i ahort service, and settled in  British Columbia
! in    18f>3,   and   now  owns  oue of   ahl   fluent
1 ranches lu the province.   He was first returnt .1
| to the Legislative Assembly at the geueral elec-
io-n in 1876, re-elected at general election 1878.
I re- elated  at last general  election,  appointed
Chief  tVinini aion< r    of   Lands   and   Worka
April 1, 1887, and subsequently r- -elected .^ ■■Ml
m&Sem sssbbBHHsss.
Established 1372.
Incorporated 1833.
Journal   of  Commerce! Publishing   Co*
4111 California   St.,   San Francisco.
ONE YEAR. Weukly EdiUon (in aUvauee) $4 00
Postage in the Un ted SUiten, Canada, British Columbia,
prepaid by the publishers. Postage to all Foreign Countries must be prepaid.
Sample copies tree to any addresv-t.
JZ&~Correspondents and friends who receive a
copy of this Journal will please acknowledge the
receipt of same to sender.
l&A One Cent Stamp will prepay'postage on
a single copy of any issue of the DAILY or
Postoffices in ilie United States or Canada.
t3P*Acknowledged the Official Journal of U. S.
Navy and War Department.
Although this edi.iun of our paper is dated
February, 1888, our readers will please remember that the data was collected in the months
of September, October and November, 1887,
and that most of the articles were written in
British Columbia during tbat time. It will
readily be understood that the finishing and
reproduction on ziuc of so large a number of
original hand sketches necessarily delayed
publication for some little time after the return of our representative and specatl artist to
this city.
With reference to the scope of the
work itself, we should say, moreover, that,
although from the title of the edition, it might
be gathered that we intended to take our readers through the whole of this va-t province,
yet it wili be seen that we confine ourselves to
'a comparatively small section.
It is no part of our duty as a commercial
paper to visit distant wilds and unoccupied
districts. We therefore simply confined our attention to those places and districts that are
already pushing themselves to the front in this
rapidly growing and prosperous country. We
have no desire to do the work of the prospector. Our object is merely to call attention, to fo.-ter inquiry, snd to afford oar
long list of commercial constituents correct
data upon which to formulate their pli.ns
whether for the placing of their capital or their
merchandise, whether for the opening of a mine,
the development of agriculture, the establishment of workshops, the sale of machinery, or
whatever rray be the object of their
search. Having culled attention to the
various places of growing importance or special
centers of industry by rapid and necessarily
superficial sketches—but sufficient withal for
all practical purposes of an introductory character—it rests with each intending settler,
merchant, man of capital, or any one else who
may desire to embark his time, skill, energy, or
means in this comparatively new and apparently abnormally rich field of enterprise, to
make his own particular inquiries. This can
be done, if needs be from a distance, simply
by addressing "the Minister of Finance and
Agriculture. Victoria, B. C." Reliable information, statistical and otherwise, will be forwarded on application. Many excellent works
have been compiled under Government authority, for the information and guidance of intending settlers. These pamphlets treat specially of every district, and the particular resources (so far as known) of each section of
the country, whether of the coast or the interior;
whether of coal, iron, gold or other mineral;
whether of agriculture, cattle-raising, fish, logging, or what not.
Although it is poe<*ible, therefore, that we
may refer here and there in this edition to
various smaller places and outlying districts,
it should be borne in mind that we are in such
cases speaking from hearsay and not from personal observation. In fact, we purposely treat
only of tho-*e districts that lis within the belt
of the more thickly-populated portion of the
province, and even of these places, as we hinted
at above, superficially and not exhaustively.
As we are over the border, and this edition
will find its way to the uttermost parts of the
world, a word to our many kind and new-made
friends in Canada, and to our foreign readers
wherever they may be, about ourselves, and
our reasons for this distant visit, may not be
out of place.
Oar journal, as a daily and weekly paper, is
devoted to the interest of trade and c >mmerce
on the Pacific Coast. Arising naturally from
this we issue, from time to time, special editions dealing with particular industries—one
week may be a " lumber edition," the next a
"coal edition," an "iron edition," or anything else of commercial interest. Carrying
this line still farther, we issue special editions
relating to places or localities. Is there for
instance a new gold mine discovered, a new
railroad completed in any particular section;
has a place developed anything of value to the
commercial world, anything that attracts general attention, or that is likely to lead to rapid
developments, to profitable investments, to the
placing of merchandise, or that offers a new
field of enterprise to our commercial constituents, there we send or representatives to
unearth the particulars and to write of tbat
place, that enterprise, that event or what not,
without color or bias, fear or favor, exactly as
it "pans out." The information we thus
issue is of great value to our commercial
clients. Every place or individual of any
enterprise or deserving of any notice is
equally anxious to secure representation and
to accept such an opportunity of being
able, in no extensive and far-reaching a manner, to make known the exceptional enterprise, industry, section of country, or as the
case may be, to which it is desired to call attention; to foster or stimulate its growth, to
induce the flow of capital or of labor, of settlers
or of trade, according to the exigencies of the
From the foregoing it may be readiy surmised that oar agent is not to be found
amongst dead-heats and deserts, and that a
representation in our columns may, in itself,
be taken as prima facie evidence of a successful
business, a thriving enterprise, a prosperous
community, or th^ like.
Towns and localities are very like individuals—we by no means intend to suggest that
there are no first-class merchants in any given
place excepting those who have advertised in
oor paper, but we do say tbat our advertising
columns bb treating of individual enterprises,
and the schedules of sales of this edition an
bought up for distribution by communities,
both form very good mirrors wherein is pretty
frequently represented a true gauge of the
probable future development whether of the
individual or of the place itself. Furthermore,
we also contend tbat people seeking investment for capital or settlers looking for a new
home wherein to place their energy and skill,
may, with great advantage to therm-elves, read
between the lines and measure out the spaces
in our advertising columns.
Let a man deal with a shopkeeper, an estate
agent, or any one else, lacking fenergy or enterprise, and sooner or later be will have some
cause to be dissatisfied; and so with any intending new settler, let Mm Btnke out for that place
which is in its corporate capacity showing
the most energy ana enterprise, and he will
never regret his choice, though some other
place hard by may have ten times the natural
There is another point we wish to touch
We should be extremely sorry if any of our
readers were misled by any glowing description in these pages into the belief that there is
a fortune, or an opening even, in this land of
milk and honey, for everybody and anybody,
no matter what may be his capacity or calling.
Men with trained muscles and not afraid to
work will find ready employ ni. at and remunerative wages. The same may be taid of Bkilled
artisans, the same of domestics. The clerk, no
matter what his ability, what bis training, how
high his education, will find but very poor encouragement. We came across several instances
of university men—men who had taken their
degrees at Oxford or at Cambridge— who were
employed as day laborers, working en the roads
or handling lumber at the saw-mills. The
hanger-on or office-seeker will find no Boil so
poor in any quarter of the globe.
Anyone with a knowledge of farming and
some little capital may, by a few years' thrift
snd steady work, become a wealthy man.
There is plenty of good land yet to be taken
up, and ready home markets.
We are convinced that the gold deposits are
the richest in Ihe world, bnt most of the best
districts are at present difficult of access, and
a man should have some little "pile" to draw
npon before he can hope to obtain success in
this field of enterprise. The whole province is essentially a mineral country,
and to men of means there is a
wide scope for the profitable employment of
capital. We often hear men comp'aining that
they were born too late or bewailing the for-,
tunes they could have mode had they lived in
'49. Bnt let as tell them, there is the same
chance of making a fortune now as then, in
fact a better chance if they are willing to show
the fame grit and energy a* was displayed by
the California pioneers. Where do we find today a man willing to traverse for thonsands of
miles a wild, unexplored continent, trusting
merely to his horse or caravan? Men begin
to think they have done wonders by going
fifty  miles beyond  a  railroad track, and are
content to boast of what they could have done
if they had been first in the firld ! Well, they
need no longer complain. Then* Are millions
of seres of an worked minerals in British Col
umbia. The gold deposits are i»s neb. the
frontier iintj is not so distant. The Indian?
are peaceable and helpful instead of hostile and
savage. Why complain then of not living in
'49? Th^se are po nts for consideration by
men of small means To capitalists, however,
this rich and undeveloped c untry offers the
most tempting opportunities. When men like
Leland Stanford, Crocker, Huntington, Hopkins, W. T. Coleman. Welch, st hoc genus
omne, are turning their attention to its resources, it may be safely inferred that other
men, with more time at their disposal, th mgb
maybe smaller capital, may find profitable investments here, m tre especially by giving personal attention to their interest*.
One word more. Oar friends will that
we have not spared the rod where we thought.
criticism beneficial to the community ; neither
in our encomiums have we at all overcolored
the picture. We have, in short, endeavored to
write of places and things, of individuals and
industries, ja&t as we found them. As a foreign
newspaper we have nothing to fear on the one
hand, and no favors to curry on the other.
We were simply charmed with oor visit to this
conntry, profoundly impressed with its magnificent future, and grained beyond mea s
with the genuine hoapitalitv of the people.
The Country and Its Future Viewed
from a Point of Vantage.
The affairs of the city are well looked after
by a "worshipful Mayor" snd City Council,
We naturally at once turned to the people's
representative as our firtvt fountain of information.
We found Mr. Fill a man of some sixty
summers (winter storms have certainly had
▼ery little to do with his rotund form snd
genial face). He has been twice elected to the
office of Mayor, and is immensely popular with
his fellow citizens. A man evidently well
read, quick to take a point, t-mait at repartee,
and when he believes himself in the right "all
the king's horses and all the king's men1' will
find it no easy matter to trip him np, or to
turn him from his purpose.
We spent many happy hours witn ,Mr. Fell
and are indebted to him in many ways. Although weighing some 3.0 pound?, he pihted
usaon foot lrom 10 a, h. to 5 p. sl. over three
Bleep hills, t.king us on foot because we could
not have seen the same stretch of country by
any other means, stepping out the while with
the best of us, and accomplishing his se\en
hours' walk without turning a hair.
The third hill we climbed, namely,
Was a pointed cone, from the top of
which we could see the whole of the
surrounding country by simply turning wheie
we stood, as if upon a watch-tower. To the south we commanded a fall view
of the city of Victoria, and beyond, the straits
of Juan de Fuca, stretching away towards the
ocean. A little to the right of the i ity we
con Id discern the Esquimau harbor, destined
for so much iu the futuie. To the west the
thickly-wooded raine known as the Sooke
Hills, rich in undeveloped gold mines snd
other minerals To the northwest the Gulf of
Georgia, to the north James Island and the
Island of San Juan, bo long a bone of contention between America and England, but ultimately ceded to us under the award of Emperor William of Germany, To tbe eis*t we
trace the entrance to Puget Sound,and turiucg
from there a little to the south, we can ju.-t
distinguish tbe smoke arising lrom i'oi t
Angeles in Washington Territory, whilst beyond some fifty to sixty miles dibtunt, appear
as a noble background, the magnificent
cbttin of the snow - capped Olympian range. Casting our eyes nearer to the
foreground we observe stretching away beneath
us in every direction, cultivated fie-ds, luxuriant orchards, fertile valleys, and park-like undulations that hep to complete a panoruma at
onee the most grand, the most varied, and the
most unique it has ever been onr good fortune
to see in any quarter of the globe.
The morning was exquisite, and as we sat
down to rest and viewed the country from our
point of vantage, tbe
For this city forced itself npon our notice.
The metropolis of a country so vast in its extent, so unlimited in its resources, the first
"House of Call," bo to speak, in what will undoubtedly soon become one of the most im
porlant of the world's highways, it is impossible to gauge at present the rapidity of her
unquestionable development. Nor is she dependent upon one string alone to her bow, for,
whilst she is the first port of entry from the
ocean, and, whilst all the traffic of the province, all the shipments of the irand new rai.-
road pass through her gates, yet, even beyond
this, as we viewed the country from the top of
this Nature's watch tower, we could not but
noti e the
That divided her from Washington Teiritcry,
only some ten or eleven miles from point to
There can be no doubt, therefore, that
American lines will shortly reach these points,
and, even now, considerable shipments are
dispatcbid aud received by tbe way of Paget
Sound, connecting with the rapidly developing
system of our West Coast lines. The time 1b
not far uiotant when ferry boats will run from
point to point with the same readiness as th ■
feiry from Tiburon to San Fruncisco (about
the same distance) c<>r.ying passengers and all
sorts of freight, express wagons and fnruiture
vans, buggies, carriages und teams, and may
be, even whole tr- ins of cars. The pas-age of
the stiaita of Jaan de fruca is far more protected than the passage frt.m San Francisco to
Tiburon, for here the terries mu-t puss (he
mouth ot the Golden Gate, where the Pacific
rollers have fiee ri^ht of entry. Yet these
boats carry every soit of vehicle. »nd ply with
the utmost regularity. The better to work out
this line of thought we will &-k onr readers to
inspeot the map on page 7 of this edition. Whilst on the subjeat of maps, moreover, we will aiso call attention to
Lying ui'hiu so r>inul a compass. Vancouver
Island, Vancouver (late Granville), and
Vancouver on the Colombia river. This is, we
think, to say the least, a little bit confusing
and might have been avoided; perhaps the
" powers that be " may not think it even yet too
late to remedy it. if Vancouver were on Vancouver Island even, there might have been
some excuse, tboagh even then we think it a
pity to multiply names. If the schedule of
names in the world is run ou , inventive power
is at a standstill, and names in consequence
must be multiplied, it appears to us, tbat " Columbia" would be far more appropriate, though
why its old name of " Granville " waanot good
enough, we cannot discover on so shoit a
visit. When we take passage for Vancouver
we naturally presume we shall be carried to
the well-known island of that name, and shall,
anon, find oun-elves somewhere on the looking-
out place eoross tbe Pacific ocean, but each i-
not the ca e, oh! readers.
Vancouver, tbe terminus of the Grand Canadian Pacific Kailroad, is situated on iiurrard's
Inlet, at a point formerly known as Granville.
On the map above mentioned we give the location of all three Vuncouvers in big type, so
that our readers may in no wise be misled by
the strange coincidence of there being three
important places of the same name in the same
quarter of the globe. Onr readers, we trust,
will pardon us this long digression. We have
been sitting tbe while upon the hill-top, overlooking the conntry, aud these were some of
the thoughts that engaged onr attention.
With appetite awakened by tbe glorious air,
we next thought of the groaning larder r.t ihe
Driard H tel, and, tx cloning to Pencils, who
bad posed "his Worship" as a foreground, we
beat a hasty retreat toward the city.
Durii.g our long walk we passed by
Th"tD<--in which were lsden with the most
delicious fruits, the boughs just bending and
breaking with their burden. We have never
seen a more magnificent show in any part of
our Golden State, whilst the flavor of the fruit
is oertainly finer than in most sections of California, and as fine in any we have ever tested.
Peaches apricot-*, plums*, apples, pears we personally sampled and they were, without question, of the most perfect growth, and we were
informed that cherries, strawberries aud nil
sorts of berries, not then in season, were equally
luxuriant and equally luscious. We observed
tbat roots of all sorts were doing well and t at
the vegetable gardens everywhere were in
splendid condition.
Note —The above article was written in Sep- j
tember,   shonly  after   our   arriraj   in   British
Colnrnbia.    Upon onr return to San Francisco '
in December, we received the  following from ;
British Columbia, from   which   it  will be ►sen
how soon our surmises are receiving confirms-
Victobia (B.  C), November 30—The E«- I
qnimault and Nanaimo Railway Company gives I
notice of application at the coming session of
the Legisii.tnre for a chatter to construct a
branch line to a point on tbe Str.iita of Fuc i,
opposite Port Angeles, Washington Tarritoiy.
Tha intention is to connect with a line to be
built from Portland t,o Port Angel-s b. means
of a train transfer boat thus bringing Vict ri<t
in direct communication with American railway
InEngiah hotels
"Boots" is quite
an institut on. He
relieves you of
tbose cumbersome
articles snd loans
you a pair of carpet slippers in
which to bake your
toes ovt r your bedroom fire. He
brushes your clothes and acts as messenger boy; be uncords your trunk and unstraps your portmanteau; he digs your worms,
feeds your dog, cleans your gun, knows every
pool in the district, every nook and corner of
the city, and, whilst the honse sleeps, collects
from each bedroom door, boots and shoes of
of Huntley, the Marquis of Quesnsbcry, snd
the like. N.>r are Am ricans unrepresented.
We find Henry Ward tieecber. Bob Iggers«<l,
Chief Justice Wait, General W E. Sherrum,
Charles C ocker, J. W Mackay, Professor Jdin
Fisk of Harvard and others, to say nothing of
th -. Siamese princes These are jnat a '»»
names coiled at haphazard.
The chief attraction, ho vcver, of the Drferd
lies not in its guests however exalted, but in
its management. The proprietors are eminently "U )i I men," who know their business.
Tbe cenera) arrangements are good and you
feel that a master eye is looking after your
welfare. The b. lis are not in your room for
show, bnt an answer to your summons is
promp'ly and wi lingly given, and the waiters,
moreover, at all times are civil and oMigiug.
En tbe dining-room, not only is the t able goid
and the service and attendance admirable, bet
it is patent at once to the casual observer that
the proprietors themselves know what to tat,
aud how to eat it, and tbe result is an en: re
absence of all those galling little tiivialites
that after all, in the aggregate, affect our appe-
rite and digestion more than most of us csreto
acknowledge even to ourselves.
The accompanying view of the Driard House
was crxwn from a photograpn by Mr.
Hastings Fort street, Victoria Tne top skstth
shows a portion of the offioe and readirg
room, the doors seen on the left lead to tbe
bi Hard-room.
It requires but a very short visit to accennt
for the deserved popularity of tbe Driard Hotel,
and of its excellent proprietors, Messrs. Reeon
& Bartnagle.
and obtain more "solid comfort" out of this life before " joining the great majority" than Brother Jonathan dreams of.
A man mar lose his personal liberty in one State
for that which across the line of the next State
would not be even an offence. In another a man
may indulge in the most barefaced flirtation. whUst
in the nex city, flying the same flag, he would, for
the same amusement, find himself a too much married individual. In another mere incompatibility
of temper wUl readily burst the bonds of matrimony, whilst In yet another the grossest infidelity
will Bcarcelv be sufficient to unlock the (railing
chains. The judges, elected to their office for a
specified term and seeking* re-election, too often
view the lexal questions brought before the Court
through the spectacles of the local "political boss.**
Because we live under a republican form of government and preach the noble sentiment of "a government of the people, for tbe people, by the people," we are too apt too think that we alone are
"free .**   It is well now and again to get
And to take honest note of the points of difference
between ourselves and our neighbors; to wench the
pros and cons, and to recognize that neither side perhaps has yet attained perfection. laving unquestionably under the best form of government suitable for our own happy land, it is hard to understand
that equal freedom can be obtained in other countries under a different form of executive.
The people of the Dominion are profoundly loyal
to the Crown and appear to recognize that true
freedom consists, not m the name or form of the
executive, but In the will of the people being dominant in a representative form of government; in
keeping the money bags within their own control, and. above all, in an impartial. speedy and
strict administration of justice. Whilst each province is allowed absolute discretion in the management of its own affairs and in the protection of its
own interests, the Dominion law protects the personal liberty of each subject, the same in one province as in all, and sees to it that his status in insol-
W.   P.   Sayward.
It is a noticeable fact that all of Victoria's old
pioneers are respected and prosperous citizens. They
have watched the city daring; past decsdes in all
—4 M&&3m&L+*L> I M 4.
1;fife^w'-TsB^VlteS' ..^.iT^i.,^^,ffixo^,la].rI>.,.^a:^E^ :..i:
every imaginable size, make aud style, to be replaced again, bright and early and bright and
shining outside each door, ready for the occupant of the room upon his rising.
We remember some years ago staying at an
hotel in a fashionable watering place in England. The past-ages contained at night and at
early morn the usual row of boots and shoes
outride each door, and many were the speculations concerning the occupants of tbe room as
pictured by the ehoes upon the mat. At one a
dainty little slipper, at another the evidence of
a gout-afflicted owner, at a thisd the "understandings" of a "sport," at yet another the
proof of the whertabcuts of the last new bride
and groom; at another the mnch*manied squire
and his portly dame; and thus and thus from
door to door no mat without its own paiticu'ar
tale or food for speculation.
A stay of a few days in any Engli>b hotel
and yon have no difficulty in fixing at tbe
occupant of every room. Each lovely Cinder-
alls is soon fitted to her slipper.
In tbe present instance, No. 12 was held by a
ringlet ted •*mtss" of a very uncertain age, who
retired early snd arose late. Everyone in the
hotel as they passed her door after ate had retired at night and before she arcse in the morning noticed her charming little shoes upon the
mat. No. 15, nearly opposite, was occupied by
a hot-beaded Major—a strong disciple of Kim-
rod. One evening, tired w>th his long day's
huut. he retreats 1 tarly to his room and arose
ptoportionatelv Isfe the u:xt morning. Everyone a- they sauntered up to bed took special
notice of the Major's massive shooting boots on
the mat of No. 1 o and ca^t an envious g ance at the delicate shoes on the
mat of No. 12. Alas! i-ome wag, who arose
with the eatly worm, conceived the diabolical
plot of placing the massive boots alongside the
delicate bhoea on the mat of No. 12. Each
gne&t on filing dowa to breakfast took iu the
sit nation.
Tne whimpered conversation, the smothered
laughter, the sparkling eyes were tell tale signs,
and ahowed too plainly how well the plot had
worked—how thoroughly the joke was under-
The Major was furious and thirst* d for gore,
bnt the wag held his secret. Poor Miss Bing-
1 tt-., tboiiwii obtaining the sympathy of everyone, could not face the quizzing looti ana was
compelled to seek for pastures new.
We «re afraid if American hotels hod such a
crop of leather in thepassag.s these same boots
and shoes would soon get ttill more "mixed"
in some capacious bag that would not readily
surrender its contents.
It is t-'t range how this cartom of planting
your boots at your threshold sticks to the British flag. Though thousands of miles distant
from England, one of the first things on crossing the border into British Colombia that reminded us we were no longer in the United
states, was tbe row of bocts and shoes along
the corridor of our hotel. Not bnt that there
are n any other very
That are at once noticeable. Consideiir g that
an imaginary line only divides the two countries,
that the people uie of tbe same race, blood
and language, the points of difference are indeed very interesting and carious. Some in
favor of one country, some in favor of the
other. A bansom cab, fur instance, rattled us
off to the the Driard Ho'el. No cobU-car. no
h'-rse-car, not even a 'bus was in sight. The
to ids are hard mettled and even, and pleasant
to drive over; no cobbles to jolt yea out of the car-rails t> twist yourwhtel off
The streets are more picturesque tbaa with as,
not all alike in interminable straight lines.
Men. when smoking, are mostly smoking
pipes, in.-teud of cigars. The place has a quiet,
subdued, restful appearance, not the same
horry-hcurry, rush and push in the streets.
Laughter is not so boisterous; conversatiun not
so loud. In the hotel, > leetric bells are found
iu every room, even to the bath-rooms and
closets. Meals a:e served a, and when you
want them, as tarly or i s late as you please;
no meal bells, no gong-4 vibrate the very appetite outof you; no f< ar of finding the dinir g-room
locked if }ou oversleep yourself.    Yon
VICTOKIA   FK0M   L&UB3j     '
Society in British Columbia.
Kastern people, and Europeans in particular, are
far more given "to hospitality" than are the old-
timers on the Pacific Slope. Californians are very
slow to admit strangers within their family circle,
no matter what their credentials, or hew close the
tie created by the *'letter of introduction." A
"drink atthe bar"ora'TreeIunch"is generally considered enough to redeem their obligation to the
writer of the letter, or i?.ll that is necessarT* 'o
accord aa a welcome to a stranger, however remote may be the region whence he comes.
To a stranger is viewed from a different standpoint, however, in British Columbia, especially
from tbe new Mood now pouring in from the old
countries. This is a good sign. Speaking generally,
the people are more refined, and society is established on a firmer basis. One
thing is particularly noticeable, namely, the different style of Englishmen who settle in Canada to
those who generally favor the United States.
We have enough and to apare of the irrepressible
vency. in marriage and divorce, and in all oust
social matters are the same the country over. 1 he
judges, who are appointed for life, are, as a nat-
UBaTresult, fearless in their decisions; the poor
man feels safe in the protection of his rights, and
the rich man knows that no money, no "ring, no
" political boss" will secure him immunity from his
wrong doing. In practice, as well as in theory,
thetiaw for the poor is the .same as the law for the
rich. As a result lynch law ispracticallvunknow n;
no, "shooting scrape" disturbs the equilibrium'of
the community and each man feela secure in the
protection of histlife, his liberty, his honor, and bis
Mr. W. P. Say ward's mill and yard arc bounded
by Constance street and the bridge, known as the
first bridge on the road to Esquimau, on the one side,
and Rock Bay and the inner harbor on the: other.
It possesses storage accommodations for millions
of feet of lumber. A glance at some of the huge
logs floating securely in the bay, and at a raft of
seme 200,000 feet which had recently been towed
down from the timber districts,'was suggestive of
what a mighty thing was mun's ingenuity over the
giant products of the forest. As we watched
we     noticed     that     a    log     weighing    thons-
p.   M.   it you
may have your breakfast ut
S'> desire. The "House" can s and
it if you can, and no one frowns in
ai ger, no one raises an eyebrow in
surprise to think that a ^towji
man is free enough to do as he
bni.s-.-.f thinks be t. Tbe guests
all appear able to eat their meals
without b< ing compelled to make
their kr ile no tbe duly of a spoon,
and are also ab e c mforiably to
get tbi >ii: h each course without
tha intervention of s< me s- ore or
so of "individual dibhes," arrang* d
in semicircles in tier upon tier,
cent- ring from their plates. Again,
considering it is the border line
instead of the Atlantic that divides
us, the difference in language is
also very marked. A man no longer
'iayefs," but "larfs;" he sptaks
of u/ivertising instead of advertising; of sn adt-ertifcemeht instead
of adveif Viuunt; m apricot has return* d from an ap'priuct to an
apricot; a pa'tent is no longer a
pttt'ent; you speak of a call as a
'curf" i i. stead oi a "oayef; an
engine is no longer an ingine, and
the like. Moreover, we are no
longer under the thraldom of Wcb-
ater's American dictionary (so called) to murder the spelling and de
stroy tbe pronunciation. [In
glancing through these p'iges onr
English and Canadian friends will
please rt in ruber that this paper is
printed and publiahed in San Francisco, where what remains i f Webster's (very) original dictionary
still rules suj reme ] All the*e
things are trifles, but they s'l tend
greatly to affect the general character of the picture. At the same
time the people are
They keep the Fomth of July with
the name regularity as the Queen's
birthday. The place is both English and American in its ways and
ideas; the lines are so intermixed
that it is impossible to tell where
Americanisms begin and where
Angloisms leave off. To an Englishman the place is very American; to an American the place is
very English.
Have not as much style about them peihap.s
as ihe American, bnt what they lo=e in H'yle
they n»' r- than make up in good solid comfort.
Whilst st Victoria we stayed ut the Driard, and
can say without hesitation it is the mo t comfortable hotel on the Pacific Coabt, English or
America i. Wfa,.t the Pa ace Hotel is to California, tbe Driard is to Biitish Columbia. It
is the rend zvoub of ihe e a t. Wbere-
tverbent everyone a.wax s br> aks his journey
at Victoria, and anyone of note in arm'-ly stays
»»t tbe Driard. Princes, (,
business m n, tourists, p1, n-ure--e kers and
1 eal h-setkers, all alike, make tl e Driard their
bandqa rter-i. our protr.ioud visit
here, Sir Arthur B'atkwood, Ihe Chief Secre
tary of tbe BrtttHh poht -ffice. sat nest in at
t tble, an ex-High Lord Chancellor of Eug'anl
smoked his cigar with us in the lobby, whilst
Hr Wm. Oi** V<f"ir, the (.overnor of flong
Kong, some four or five prelates, including the
American Bishop of Shanghai were gmsts in
the hotel. Ou turning over tbe register we encounter tbe names of the  Qovernor-Oereral,
Thr  H.
Th-    H' ■'.•■ A
R-be.-t DnusttaV, /.  p., Prr.fiffssf ■/ tht
E.  B.  Darie. Q.  C,   M:■.,■'»u\0> -■,-./'       (.
The HitH. J.&n Rob*u». J
Miuitltr <.f Mines.
Th?   Hon    J.   H.    Trtrnrr,  M
Thr Hon. F. O. Ytrnon, Cki*f Coi*in~*si"ner of LamU and Pvb'ic HVr*-
Pm ii■■■;.,! .\.;-,; usif
" 'Arry abroad/' with his "loud"' check suit and his
still .louder tongue; we have Cockneys in skoals,
till we are given to imngine tbat all Britishers
alike play murderous havoc with the poor letter
H; we have parvenus of the snob, or "dude" ctass,
who, by reason of a long purse, think they can peas
in the United States for genuine " English gentlemen;*'we have the uneducated, poverty-stricken
immigrant; we have not a few of the discontented,
unpatriotic Radicals, who simply want the earth,
and at the end of six weeks grumble as loudly in
the States, or in Canada, as they do at Home, because they cannot get it; we pretty frequently have
also some poor specimens of .the aristocracy-degenerate sons who have brought disgrace not
merely upon themselves, but upon their whole pa-
tricran class, and for this reason—though still sporting the title of "My Lord"—ostracised at Home ami
compelled to seek the United States as their only
refuge. So wonder tbat an English "Lord" is only
a synonymous name for a kn»ve or a fool, for -thus
far the better part of the nobility never seem to
visit us. But amongst all the various classes of
Englishmen that come to our shores, either to visit
us or to stay, how >>eldom do we find the Kood old
English country gentleman represented • *
a^'i'he class that go to make up the very oackbone*
ands of pounds floated gracefully in the water, suddenly a man descends from the mill with a grappling
hook attached to a heavy chain, sinks it into tbe
log, and away it is whirled rapid > up a long slip*
rolled skillfully on to a sliding platform, and in a
few minutes is disposed of in various shapes and
sizes about the yard. It is truly a wonderful thing.
Mr. -Sayward built his mill at a cost of some
810,000 nine years ego. He also owns a mill at Port
Madison, and employs two vessels -a steamer and
schconer—In the inter* sts of his business. His
lumber is towed from the East coast and mainland,
and is received in rafts of from 200,000 to /iOO.000 feet.
He does all his own planing, uses the improved
double circular Spautding saw and trimmers, and
cuts an average of 30,000 feet per day. He manufactures about six million feet annually of pine,
cedar and spruce, of which Oregon pine is held
most in demand. His principal engine a a TVhurse
power and drive* the main saw. aiso furnishing the
power fur hauling logs up the slip. The second
engine runs the planer, large saw and
its stages of prosperity and adversity. They have
all seen feasts and famines, hardships and comforts, yet have never allowed their faith in the city
to waver Mr. W. P. Say ward, proprietor of the
Book Bay Sawmills before described, is a splendid
representative of this class. He has been a resident of Victoria since 1858. A native of Thomas-
ton. Maine, he left there at the age of 21. being
possessed of a spirit of adventure, s level head, a
strong arm. and an honest heart- He resided in
Boston, as also in Florida for a few years, but daring tbe gold excitement in California in'49, he
with four or five comoanions.gtarted for the newly-
discovered Eldorado, to seek out their fortunes.
Contrary to the usual custom. Mr. Saywmrd on his
arrival in California did not join the pick and shov.
el brigade, but commenced to work at his trade,
which was that of a carpenter and builder. Skilled
labor and men with a trade were in active demand,
and in consequence were paid very high wages.
Eluding that the hills and valleys were not lined
with gold, as many had been foolishly led to believe, young Say ward with characteristic shrewdness w:ent to work at his trade, and in a short time
had saved enough money to start in business as a
baker in Sacramento w ith one ot his companions —
also a baker—who had accompanied him on his
trip to California. At this time, of course, this was
a most remunerative business, and it was here that
Mr. Say ward can be said to have obtained his first
start in life. In three years he made sufficient
money to buy out the lumber establishment ot 8.
S. £mith in San Fiancisco, and thus drifted into a
line of business which came more directly under
his knowledge as aprncrical carpenter. By honest
and honorable dealings in the products of the forest, Mr. Say ward built up a large fortune. In 1858
be came to the Northwest, which he thought possessed better scope for ability. He built a lumber
mill near Saanach in 1861. There he remained,
conducting a profitable and constantly increasing
business until 1878, when be established his present
Mr. Say ward is now 61 years of age, though he
looks and acts like a much younger man. being to
all appearances, active strong and healthy as a
yout.g man of 35, and in as full possession of all his
mental faculties. Although an American citizen, there are no residents in Victoria, more de-
.-erving of eulogy than Mr, Sayward. He has used
tioth his capital and inflnence to forward such enter^
prises as were calculated to benefit the city and advance public interests, and has been closely identified with all noteworthy movements of a business
character organized in the city. Mr. Sayward is a
memberof the Pioneer Association, as. also the Order
of Odd Fellows. By his customers and business
-..)ii:ij!i:.;inu;a be, ia respected aa a man of honor
and integrity, and by his friends beloved as a man
of warm heart, generous impulses, and charitable
The Driard Hcuee
Is unquestionably the leading hotel of British
Columbia. It is situate on the south side of View
street, and occupies the entire block lying between
Broad and Pouglas streets. The proprietors
Messrs. Uedon & Hartnagle, are very deservedly
popular, rot merely with their guests but with
their employees, and also throughout th.- city
They know well how to combine the Savriter in
vwdo with tbe fortiter in re. Their eyes are every
where, giving; every good proof how- much each
department, down to the merest mechanical office,
is effected by a competent executive. The waiters
atttnd to your wants with alacrity, the table
clothes and napkina (which are of the finest linen)
are kept spotlessly white, the service also la excellent and in every respect tbe comfort of the
guests seems at all times, and at all seasons, to be
the special study, end, aim and object of the house
and every one In it from the proprietors down to
The dishwasher.
The Driard cannot of course compare with the
Palace in style or ir. »i2e, but It very favorably
compares in everything else. The dining-room is
ca panic of teatingabout 9T0guests.and there are also
besides two ctner private dining-rooms. Tbe office
ia a comfortable room, also used as a smoking and
reading room, some 60x25 feet. Entering through
this is a billiard room of about the same sire and
here also is a handsomely fitted bar.
Tho drawing-room ia \ery nicely and tastefully
furnished, its dimensions are about 40x30 feet.
There are altogether about 125 bedrooms in addition to private sitting rooms, baih rooms, offices
and the like.
The kit. he:
French chef de cutftine.
The kit. hen is presided over by a viry capable
cui.tinc, assisted by another French
artiste, and their cooking cannot be surpassed in
the Avenue de 1 Opera. The dining-room ia attended by a steward and ten excellent waiters.
There are altoget her some 35 or 10 hands employed
about ihe place. 9
— .riinmer.and    „
his latum at Bo wen lath saw enables him toinnnu- '     The house is lighted throughout by a very free
factu'-e all his own laths.   He has also an improved ! use of incandescent  electric lamps, giving a verv
log trimmer, and the slabs and sawdust that are j soft, steady, yet brilliant liirbt     Electric ltalM r-*,m
apparently of such little value, he makes, by a most !
ingenious arrangement of shafts, do dntvas fuel
for his engines.   He also has built a square brick
furnace, ltix'Jo feet, which,  being  roofed   over and
grated inside,  receives the surplus sawdust and
consumes the samein a living bed of fire. This, Mr.
mum.-ate with the office from every room in tbe
house, as also a telephone to any part of the city
The "old   hotel was built about 20 years ago, but
a very  large addition was made some two years
... and already tbere is a pressing demand to
the stakes. Fortunately the proprietor*
have ample room to build another
large wing on the site of the garden
this will then make indeed a very
rine hotel.
The accompanying drawing from a
photograph hy Mr. Hasting*, photographer of this city, will best describe the exterior, and shows also a
section of the office.
Clarence   Hotel.
Now that Victoria is attracting
s nob a wide-spread reputation
throughout tie United States, Canada and Europe, and that so many
thousands of visitors are daily flocking in to enjoy her glorious summer
and to spend a few weeks of pleasur
able recreation in fl.hing or hunting
among her picturesque hills and
beautiful lakes and streams, this
edition would scarcely be compute
without some special mention of the
several hotels, restaurants, and lodtr
mg bouses to be found in this city in
order that persons contemplating a
trip to this locality may know what
accommodations they may look for
before starting, and be able to make
their arrangements accordinglv.
JTStS^sJn^^B T? view
W» started out on a tour of
ticn. ami having- heard «o niucn a
so to speak, of the Knglish nation, rarely sends a
representative amongst u-i. The great strength of
1     Knglfsh people, the pivot upon which the nation
turns, tbe "upper middle classes.*' "the younger
sun , "the squires" unu "county families, are almost unknown to us men from whose ranks are
drawn "the great unpaid" (the inagiNtratcsl, the
bur, the clergy, and in days gone ny, and still to
some extent, the officers of tbe army, navy and the
vil service; men, taking them an a class, whose
is above question, any one of whom having
ledged "his honor as a  gentleman"   would   fulfill
bda obligation OT die; men   whom  untold  millions I the Sandwich Inlnnds and Australia, hut hn
The   Clarence   Hotel
■t constitute not only th,.  Hnest bio. t
♦ wv'ffiT"- Th". '!il 'Ha' '•"<"' >n™hc
buni1 ^"^rU ta-oV- r^x
red color, and ia the m.wt . lea-imt and
rrfi"1^ «»h.' h^;.",^a
dh   ooast.     The   main   or   office   ....
hVv(;vHOn i>o»Kias SSJTSSm
the ladies entrance, and  a bun and
•rv ^'PS-wtreet side.
tr, .V.orei.a.rc. al1',°K''tber over 90 rooms
J»«h a   \ lew to the  comfort of those
* ho ,„ny occupy them, and the
attendance, care and cleanliness
throughout     could     not      be     bet
ter.   On every  floor mere  are two   bath rooms
one for ladies and one for gentleman   all sunnhM
with  the   most  modern sanitary appliances;  aS
free for the use of guests.    Directly off the office i«
an elevator   the Miilikan  make-the Clarence bi
pl.^ed wit°h one       '  '"       °  pMThM*   which is a«p.
The d'ning h-ill is a light cheery room  in which
lime.    Besides  a   number of   "*"er ,0" parsons can be comfortably icatcd  at  on.'
districts, he   employs about    time.    Across the hall from   this  la a  private din
n the mill.    His own private   In,R,;foon,1.'0^ 'J.'r «**«*on.niodation   of families   or
o new billiard
Say.vard asserts, be finds cheaper tban carting
away the stuff, there being little or no den: id for
it. with this constant glowing furnace Mr. Sayward might successfully run an engine of great
power, such, for instance, asjthe electric light, or
utilized for burning ""
men in the logging
hlrty or forty hands in
wharf offers a secure moorage for vessels of'all de- | parties who desire to dine in privacy
d lo   » Lne hftr,ro<lVl- which   contains two np
tables of the Brunswick &   Balke manufaeti J?"
ith   all   grades  of   the   choicest   vrteaT
seriptions, and his shipments up the coast ami. ._
local fields are large and valuable In the past Mr. I
Sayward has made experiments  in  shipments  to
ould neith r bribe, iror buy, nor turn from "the
Tbese men seldors come amongst us and are ra'-e-
ly tempted to leave their home but for a few weeks
at a tune. There is something unmistakable about
You do not want to ciamine further, and so with
the class of Englishmen it was our &ood fortune to
associate with miring our sijiv in British Columbia.
The people generally are law abiding, happy,
prosperous and eminently contented. A wee bit
f co: servative may be, not quite so nervously goal) end. rush ing and excited as their cousins across
. ; the border, but although they may not count their
L»ord ljansaowne. Sir John A. McDonald, the ; millions so rapidly, they appear to have something
Prime Minister, Sir Charles Tapper, tbe Earl  else to Ihe for besides the accumulation of dollars,
found it very profitable on of the high dut.
imposed. 'I he duty of $2 per thousand imposed by
tbe Sun Francisco ports is rather a large one, and
prevents shipment from this Dominion, but it >«
more than likely that the tariff will some day he
removed, which will allow this port tocompete. and
compete successfully, with Oregon. VVashington
Territory, and   the Northwest,    Mr. Sayward   hes
grovided very well arranged hose, attached to a
re plug, easily renchcd, and commanding all parts
of the yard and mill. His business is vast and
profitable, and he enjoys the respect and admiration of tbe trade and community.
Our readers will ob-erve a distant vlcwoftbis
mill In the sketch appearing on the top of page 1 of
this edition. The tail chimney on the left, near tbe
bridge, marks the location of the Bock Bay Sawmill. R.
I lies,
over   by
liquors    and   cigars,   and    is   presided
It". I"'i Zfi H'1' "'"' ,loh,'rI "cOlwws, who have
established for  themselves  quite a  rep nation   as
tniyers of delicious beverages. ^        n  a8
Ihe rates are, comparatively speakine vcrv
rcasonablc. ranging fmm $:! to fc p^-r day accord
ing to rooms Mr. Richards gives his rn ire t?n e
and personal   supervision   to   the   management of
Oriental  Hotel.
This hotel is managed on the American plan
and has a desirable location on Yatea street. In the
heart of the business district of Victoria. Mr.
Wm, McKcon. the proprietor, is aa old pioneer
snd a genial, pleasant landlord of a really drat-
X. house. His hotel is well patronized by tour-
uU. but he does a grood family mule Mr. Mc
Kcon has been in his present location for the past
twenty-ove years, and haa a son connected wiUi
him In tbe busiueas. wno la very popular with the
miests. The sleepin* accommodations are ample.
"he bouse having Si) rpo""- we" furnished and
comfortably built, a dining-room seating 7S n-o
pie with a gjod servjee. a nrs -class baraodbill-
(ani room, and a pnrate family dining hall. The
traveler will find rest and comfort, a (rood table,
and reasonable terms at'he oriental h.
The   Occidental
This hotel fronts on the wharves of the steamboat lines and tbe railways of tbe Canadian Pacific
and the Esquimau and Nanaimo. and has a fine
sweeping sits of James Bay and the "Gorge." It
is located on the corner of w hart and Johnson
streets. The present proprietor. Mr. Wm Jensen.
has h:id the house under his management since 7».
and has made many improvement*, amongst them
beiiiK the Duilding of an addition in a*. It is a
flre-proof structure, and contains yo large and
well-arranged sleeping rooms, furnished in the
latest modern style, 'ihe dining-room MsaU forty-
eight, and is so constructed as to command a fine
view of the Bay. where boats of all des ripliona
may be seen plying to and fro. arresting the nun-
a-^y guest's attention, and commanding his admiration. The table is an excellent one and tbe sex-
vice ia good. The hotel has met with more than
iu proportion of success In the past, and looks forward   to  a  continuance   of their   custom   in tbe
A sketch of this hotel will be found in our advertising columns. K.
Windsor   Hotel
This commodious and well-kept bouse, besides
being the oldest hotel In Victoria, is one of the old
landmarks, it being the first briok building that
was erected here. It ia still remembered as the
"Old Boomerang," but Is now called the Windsor,
and its present proprietor, Mr. Alex. Mcih.nald.
who bouifbt It three years ago, is a respected and
well-to-do citizen of Victoria. There is a fine bar
and billiard room, where will be found a choice
stock of liquors and imported cigars. There are
twenty-five commodious and well-arranged sleep
ing apartments in the house, and a spacious dining-
room on tbe ground floor, accommodates half a
hundred people at one sitting. The hotel is fortunately located, being on the corner of (lovern-
ment and I'ourtenay streets, and only a few steps
from James Bay.
The trailer seeking quiet and comfort will
find the Windsor a very agreeable place to
stop at. rt-
The  leading   Metropolitan  Papers.
la onqnestlonably the oldest, wealthiest, and most
widely circulated newspaper in the province, and
possesses theimost extensive and best equipped
pri.ting house west of Toronto in the nonunion.
The first issue appeared on the 11th December.
1858. Its proprietor and editor at that time waa
Hon. A. DeCosmos, afterwards Premier of the
local Government and senior representative ot the
city of Victoria in the Ottawa Parliament. It waa
started as a tri-weekly. In 1WJ the triweekly became a flve-times a week publication. In 1S61 it
became a daily-
Mr. Higgins owned and edited tac < olonist from
January. ltM9. till October II. lv«. when, after a period of successful editorial labor in British I olumliia
and California, extending over a period of thirtj -
one years, he disposed ot the establishment which,
under his guidance and management had grown to
be one of tne most valuable n.-wspapcr properties In
the country,to the present proprietors, and retired to
private life. Asa newspaper, we think, it mav be
lairiy claimed that Thr t'o/omV has alwnys occupied the front rank in British Columbia journalism, never having failed to lay before its readers
the latest and most reliable information tiiat could
be obtained. The late proprietor, Mr ixmvid *il-
llani Higgins. M. I". 1'.. represents Ksquimalt Ihs-
trlct in tne Legislative Assembly. He is the fourth
son of W. B. Higgins. a native ol Manchester. Kng..
who settled in Nova Scotia in 1H14. and removed to the United State, in 11CI6. Mr. l> W.
Higgins was born in Halifax. N. >., November 30.
1&3L Our 'Frisco reader, will remember that Mr.
1). W. Higgins was one of several who founded uV
the Morning Call newspaper in Han Krancnu-o in
1856—aelling his interest I n that paper in 185;, w ben
he removed to British Columbia.
He organized and was first President of the Victoria Fire Department: a member ot the Hoard of
Education in British Columbia in IHSS-oy. and Is a
memberof the City and School Hoard ol
Victoria. As before mentioned, he disposed of bis
interest in the Colonitft to the present \ i in it tss
Messrs. W. H Kills, A. H. Sargison an« ¥V. It
Higg ns. in October 188&
Also is a well-established daily and week!, lournal,
and enjoys quite a considerable circulation.
Is a bright and new-sy evening paper, the only
afternoon publication in the city.
Although started only four years ago, it has attained a circulation and a consequent influence in
tbe social, commercial and political affairs of the
Province not Inferior to its more venerable contemporaries. The difficulties incidental toall aews-
paper publication are increased occasionally in
Victoria when the telegraph wires refuse to work
and the editor Is left entirely to his own resource,
to evolve from an over-taxed imagination and
dreary exchanges a readable and intercsuny paper.
But the Times makes the most of iu environment.
It has American soap, judiciously .-ombined with
Canadian conservatism, and deals with public
questions from a broad and liberal stand isnut
The weekly edition enjoys a large circulation in the l*rovince. and is an excellent
family newspaper. The proprietors are the
Times Printing and Publishing Co. while the
management is in the hands ot Messrs. W ns. Tem-
pleman and J.C. Md.ogan. Kastern newspaper men
of experience. During the past summer, tbe build-
ing occupied by tbe Times ton Yates streetl has
been enlarged by an additional fUt. and a iub
printing plant has also been added.
The Albion Iron Works.
Thos.   Earle
Were established in 1862. and are assuming large
proportions ; indeed, they certainly constitute today, the chief industry of Victoria in fact, of the
the Province.
The works are situate on State and Chatlmm
streets, and oocupy in space several town low. in
addit on to liarbor frontage, extensive wharves,
storehouses, and the like.
L'pou reference to the sketch at the top of the
first page of tins edition, fflsw wn^ks wl 1 be
■m. ...tending from the water up th* hill Mr-
Say ward s sawmill will be noticed on the lert tttie
bui.dings with tbe tall chimney by the brtdgel. and
the Albion Iron Works are at theotner side, that is,
on the extreme right of the picture,
1 here ia nothing to compare with these works
north of San Francisco. The company manufactures steam engines of every description, tlsh can
ners* machinery, sawmill aud mining machinery,
and, indeed, considers nothing too big to be bevood
its scope. Tbe Ksquiinait and Nanaimo or Island
itailroad was supplied by this company with all
the iron work used for bridges, etc.. on thai line.
In connection with the works is a brass-finishing say nothing of a large stove foundry,
where are manufactured every kind of stove imaginable, suitable tor kitchen, parlor, hall or elsewhere, and lor the consumption of coal. wood. I r
other fuel.
ihe enterprise finds employment for a great
many skilled mechanics and other hands, and is
certainly the mast important in the province.
Mr. Kobert Dunsmulr is the President of the
The  Victoria  Machinery  repot
Messrs. Spratt & Gray have just started quite
an extensive industry here. Their premise, are
situate on Work street. Kock Bay. and form quite
an important feature in the landscape, comprising
four S.story buildings, with an engine and boiler
room attached, and a slip for docking small steam
launches, besides a good water frontage on Vn
tons  harbor,  with  extensive   wharvra.     Messrs.
Spratt .4 tiray an- both old Ii r» and well I. no on
and descrvcdls respected throughout the prowncc.
Mr. Joseph spratt has n sided on the const for
some thirty odd J ears. Coming from >an Francis.-o
to \ ntorla in 18t£! he originated the Albion Iron
and Stove W oi ks. now the largest enterprise in
the province, a notice of which appears clsew here
in these columns. Mr. Spratt -old out his interest
in the Albion Iron Works in l.vsi to a joint stock
company, but is still interested in mam large and
paying enterprises on this coast, and is certan It
one of the most nidi-awake and public spirited
citizens of British Columbia, and a man of extra-
ordinary business -sagacity.
Jtfr.KJjtms.H, partner, has been sixteen vearain
British t oiumbia. Was nss,siste,l with Mr. Spratt
as foreman and afterwards with the Albion Iron
w orks a-s general manager till ISs». iu which tear
ne resigned his charge in order to visit bis home in
Scotland. Here he spent i.carlt a tear, taking the
opportunity while thee of t siting'and noting the
workings of the pi incipal shipyards on Ihe Clyde
and the gigantic Iron works of the district.
Messrs. Spratt at tiray are both thoroughly practical engineers, w. 11 posted in the requirements of
the roast, and personally reliable in every respect,
may carry on Ihe business of, onsulling engineers,
draughtsmen and patent attorneys. They are
dealers in new and second hand machinery of all
kinds. They execute re[.airs: they erect an.) s.lly-i
intend machines, deal Iu engine and mill s„P,,i„-.
a-«ay ores, and liamalj tran act all business of a
kindred natui-r
Tnrner,   Beeton   ft  Co.,
Whose place of business is on W barf street, are
general IniMUtU and ship hn.kerv transacting
their business chiefly by indents. Their anassasa
is solid and their rcpulallun extends the »..rid ot, r
I'hey arc largely interested in the salmon BBS
nenes of the Coast, having thr.-o large pa.king
nous.s on the Skeciia River, u e should it ill has
aiso that they received the silver mi-da! for
salmon from Ihe lain.lon Fisheries Exhibition as
wei a-- tt.e gold medal at the Antwerp Exhibition
in iiev.. Acting as commission merchants and
natlng also a branch lions, in I on.Ion. tlt.y are
£^osrod to fill orders in any line of goods cith.r
r.ngliah or Canadian las a glance at their card In
our advertising columns will and they c r
lainly have the best of facilities for so doing at
most reasonable rates. They handle also large
Si* brandy,     claret,   isirt.    malt     liquors,
"nbkv, groceries, twine, and no one know- .hat
n\. ■,1°Jn,',he b,'"t Eastern and European banana,
it » "I be likewise nolncd that ibet hold several t al
name insurance agen, i.-s for life, fin' and marine.
/"'''r hU-Mness premise, on Whaif sir.-, t noonr] a
v.rj important axiaitinn In this ,\.lu-.,c|, wrboh
hri?-l E"','k quarter of the city they are
an,. f„?.UU,°' a 0,"',n >'""' *r* "I architecture
neiVaZ ?"' °'.""' '"""' important of the busl
mated 7» {""V ,h'" '""" The nou"<- " "'l'"-
VknLi,'",1"?,1'' Vr " <'• Beet.n. and in
the Can. ', "';' """ '••*■ Turner.a m.inb.. nf
T"-ne?h hli,.,;',!'M' ''""'n-'ial Uovcromriit. Mr
of Fmanc. J f . m',,or""" Portfolio of Minister
nuance and Agriculture.
Messrs.   Davies   A^ Co.
Are the principal and  leading a.icioneers of the
n'.Z, . u y *""■ ""ablished in lSKl. and their
P ace  of bualne.,  i,  „„   Whl>r,   Klrw,,     -, ,    -
He'isnoi'w1* lh° m,T "urv"w of the firm.
hol..?ner..p0ur,.','!oI!t"f",,r"i'''ll,>   "' '"« -'•-. and
as an auctioXr,,,-.[, T'''.'.*    t«-tct re, or.l
U>oprln«d^totiS5f£fra?e ascertained that
shippod from Ja'iTn 'whi,',' ?*•*• «'""""•"■
lion room we noticed . |A""' "■ ""■• "' "'•' an.
curios, teas and ...i. .J np" ■*■'"'■■ BUS I of silks,
which ttcro shor I, . L,,m;,,"T ""'" arming
tion. Mr. Davie,',, " t "ir,-re.l for Bala by ai'e-
was 17 years of age and wi?i ".' hV""""~' """ ■ hl'
experience he .sTiuiaud, ..'  h" l"-r anil tarled
auction business of th,   "     ',   ■"""." 'I'"1 «h sate
sition. moreover „i „,„ ,?'""r> He hold, tbe BB
andlmminlon«.,dProy,,,"VVr '" "" .dmlntStj
a, to all thejeading ^ttf^^S? = "r"
*•   ^Williams.
Mr. Williams has ltecn in hnsin—u .—.
Hk, of business is .TxwtS^S^S
.txdn       1    ."' "i"dinK' ,m""r " s    re.,
If Pmg. eleclmtyp ng. etc   an.  all 7
that n. tbn best manBeV«»y^y^gg?1 "P ""'
approved method, ll.ibb,!, st.mi, 7' ",l'\"'",'
are also made loonier. The tm,«h .'■ i "", '"VI1"
rector, by nine leaned bj Mr w,m.,„, ,,1"",m* IM-
Ha*tin*s'   Pnototjaphic   Btndio.
the'l.r!reT,"n^' isT""" "" F°" ,"rM" '' "• •«
he largest and best apposed photographic establishment, on the coast. s„ m„iv impn>'ymr'n„
and inventions connected with „i,.o ,..r.,,i, ..
been made during the mat fewveL^l . h!"''
skillful artist, .„„  ■' ELtfL".
Mr. Karlebaaavcryextoiisu. b isujos.asan importer andwholea.1. BW,|.|UU merchant, having
h a place of bualne- on  Wharf street.    He Is one
ofthepion«.r..beln»e.,.bllshedib  business here
since latai. enlarg ng and enlann,     i       .  .
growing   with   lhe\arne  rnwX a.  .'b       "i™ "S
province. '""iuii> as the city mid
Mr. Earle is interested also m n.«.,v   ..
portant industries .,„i rentnrea     "   ,,i'."'r ,.""."
may bo nienlion.-.l   a large salo  , „ *,     ",'"' •'
ne».o., Alert Bat. .bout SO mile, ml , '" '"'"'
where he put up this year 6.000 caLf.1'
good seasons,, the oannerj i , „.„ '"
of from ten to melt e   thousand   , as, ,     11,.   ,.
proprietor of the  Pioneer  Coffee an.I Bolee Mltu
the output of t. inch ba. a high reputation t, !„-', -V -,'-
known.     This year, we  understand, they  nut  un
XQM cases of coll'ce and 7,000 ,-as, v
-Mr. Earle Is likewise a large road ooutraotor being now engaged in building an important hne in
Washington Territory. It was Mr. Earle n.ur. ot. ,
ttho to..!, the i.niuit i for building some twenty
mile- of the work on Mr. loiii.iniiirs
Island Itailroad the section of the road ,-ontracied
for by Mr. Earle extending through lb. rougLett
portion of the line, spanning deep gorges and
roou.Btig precipitous ploinuuloi lea. The niag ,it|.
cent trestle bridges referred lo Iu our aili, la upon
the Island l.'.i road .ere all built by Mr  Earle
In lua grocery and prori.ion business he is a di
root importer, handling largely uU standard brands
of groceries, lobaooo., etc., aa well as holding th.
the exclusive agencies for well known and superior lines.
Bob«rt   Ward   &~0flT.
Of Wharf street, Victoria, are general .tnporter«i
»nd •hip brolaera. They IBS, stt indent* far ■■very
description of foreign SMtPCSasstsss, lumber,
■pars. and other product*, of
('olmnnia. Th»-> are IsKSftrtss teuoflsts
of wiT.ft*. li'jmirt.. Havana cig,»i*. mhi'-ii»
floret*, giant powder, capa, fuse. Hnplaies and th*
like. 1 hey art- al--.. sole agents tot 1'uiIin.v Harvey » cport.ngaiMi blii-tiug powder, fur aloha « n
bttt h (.ou.lingat Co- .'ortund ..111.111 for luosiili
Kirk ran & Son**, gold medal inv.iiti.m-. KKhiUUoa
jsi-i. piatiUtuit. > J .y W.Stuart■ patent double
knotted mesh fishing hett. twines, tic. 'Itityare
MgenU. moreover, for twin*, the leading orandi or
the river tutlinnii canneries, namely, for
r.w.-n K Cos *i.ion." and foi the Bon Aooord Kiih-
ing C-ompany Atu\ m will In- ss«a fn«in th.-ir
c»rd in our advertn mg columns, tin y hold alao
ag.-ii. it-* tor sonte of the be*-! and niu-i
liable in*-nrun<e companies Di Hie world. The
firm, indeed, bold a leading ponition among-d the
prii.cipjt.i merchants and importer! of the province..
Mr. Robert Ward holdi likcn-iae the honorable
poaltHm of Preeident of the Hoard of Trade.
E.   H.  F;Uher.
There are quite a number of arrhli.n- in thin
c ty. although •*• were not fortunate enough to
meet them. We are happj to-ny. however, that we
found one.namely Mr. 1- IsteBT, in bi- ofti- were
pleaM-d lodoaona be gave us ,|uile a ln\oial»|e mi
preaoMM of the building "|r.iiuituis. not merely in
the city, but in oilier placet In the,
Mr. Fisher came to Victoria und* r two vears
ago from Colorado, and I ml- alreudv worked un
quite a nice little business for himself, Mr. r i-h.r
fa a stood tniiubu mini. He eeca no osoai to worn
booaus her places put  their  best]   fool   inreiiHwi
und struggle in the race, neither is lie afraid that
by «■ tiling attention to Victoria and Mrainii^eeor)
nerve tOnSter ItS development, thai some other
architect may U* found ninong-t the crowd
who may tie tempted to settle here. Tbe
Mrs the nit-rn.r. The more bricks laid
in  Vancouver, New   Wc-tininMer. or Other |>oini-.
in    the    province, the    better    too   cfajuwe    he
has for *>ecuring a share ot thS -*■ oik. know ing that a
certain propon ion of all the work im altered throughout the eountr. win tin,! n- wn\ to tin- tnetropoUi
Tp bear oat than* riews we sncerUtincd thaf Mr.
Fisher 1- raperintendinjc the erection of #;».otW
worth of prppartj in, HO, .Win Nanai-
nio. S.W.0W in   New \\ e-tnunntcr,  WJM  in  Tori
rowoaead. heal ilea creeling some twentj private
reside... e» in Victoria, to nay nullum, of the Ar
cade Block, .iunt fimmleted at a c-nM of #:i..miO
It would u-aguod Uui-fcr for British , olsmbls if
every one held  3lr. Fisher«. bn-ort-oititiled rtoWi
T. .N.  Hibben   &  Co.
Occupy one of the priticijial BtOtPBSOO --"^ cinmriit
street. Here tliey,;ur.. SSI lit'- Im-ine-- ol l»ook
selLcr* and stationer-, and eondu< t om of the oiii
est I'-tablishioent-. in tin ott) Thr tt, in 1011.1,1.
of Mr. G. N*. Hlbbco. who has resided her. boom
thirty rears or bo, .Mr. C. w. Karntnerer, snd Ml
W. H.  Hone.      I I,, \   have iitlthated   and   SCOttired
an Bartended    eonneotkm    and    posM-sr*    nmwi ,1
facihtie-   for   Importinc    from   foreign   nmnufa.
Hirers,  la.-tor* and  piililishcrs.     Tbe>   const an th
keep  in   BUMk  and   en roulc the v-rmuw Hwdol ■
staple stationer* and tbe most popular publication!*.
Tbej have also   n   Iri*hv   news agency aud carry «
full line 01 new-paper-, porioaienfa \ineriisui
Kngbsh and Dominion Alt.»getber they carry
some •j.-i.O.i.flu worth of si<». k, and. iu fact, have been
insured for fSMM for mail.- POUl pa-t. we should
not fail to mt ntton that OOpMM ol 'his edition may
be obtained from Messrs  ilihU'ti ,N <\t.
E.   O.   Prior   &   Co.
HSSntn. K. f J. Prior and »;. F. Mathews, trailing
as K. tt IVior J'i Co. ha\e an e\len-iv<> BOJlSBSH
here as ironmongers, and cany a Is rge stock, eoni-
prisiig heavy shelf hardware, agricultural and
mining machinery. alt*. ot saws  and   the  like.
Importing direct     Tnoii otBos and issto is sn OhM
iTlimelH -1 reel, and I Ik ir w mi-liou-e DB Johnson
StroOCa They have also a bran* h Store at Ksni-
IsSMSa, the headuu.trtcrs lor agricuiiuraiimp SttWOtB
in that ae. tion, lto> are sole agent*, for t-r -t .\
Wood*! Hai-y Reapers. BncS.Sf0 Mowers, Tiger
Sulk> liake. Hteel and Iron 1'low*-. KSSSS I
Manufacturing Uornpnnj ■ N. . :*> Steel It. am
Jointer flow; Chatham .Manuta. luring I'ompauy's
I'ale m   4. lima x    Truss   KihI    A \!e  \\ agon,   l>   M
. tohorne it fJooipnn) n si ei rrame Twine Bfnden*.
Itenpers and Mowers; Noxon itros. Steel Frame
ilisiaier Iinll and Hroi.da-: Seeders; > 1. Alien
A i'n:ii|wnv'* 1'lanet, Jr., Harden Drills; McUreg-
or. (euiirlav ."i. tonipan>'s IManers. Matchera, eic;
JOS. Roll Manufai luring tonilvai)>'s New Model
Tbreahora and Separators; J. Larinonth & Pssn
I urn j s 1'atciit Threahtrs and Separators. I. 2. and
;t H. T. etc.. etc.
Mr. Trior  ihe   SSSsfaf   partner   of   the   Arm, al
though a young man, alreadv tutlds a  <M-al   In I'ar
lann-nt. being  one  of the   litembers  representing
the city of  Vi. tona-
Tbe  British  Columbia Stationery  Company.
Since our last edition on Hriii-M Columbia the
Ann of J. B. Ferguson ."C On, has beeotne incorpo-
rate*l as a rtimtany,under the above title, with Mr.
J.  It   Ferguson as manager.
A sketch of their nitonsll S pntPASSBS on (ioxiTti
men:»irctt will be louud in our adveriisuig e,>l
The company carry a large sto- k. and are w hole-
aaje and retail dealers in hook-and   -tation.r\ and
all articles usually included in this line ol buaUU M,
including blank   lunik-, printers   supplies,   I
materials, and the like.
The> have also an extensive newspaper agency.
and keep ail the leading ut the day
I bey are agents also for Ah v. 1'eric tV «...
for-vphens writing Inks, StaJrbrd> writing inks.
the I-oherty Organ Co , ami the LsuaWdow t,e
plan ens. ^
l'he> are pnUiahers also of several illustrated
work- on ItntMi Columbia. In fact, thej bnvS
MUite an im|Kirtant enterprise here.
The at ore holds a splendid position n. \\ d.Hir to
the rostottltt* bhsk. and i- commodious, w. 11 ar
ranged and attra. tire, not mercH by reason of its
display, but hocaoae alao of ihe* mini sskssnsnt
prett>. useiul aud ornamental articli-sto be toutnl
Aligns   ft   Gordon.
M bjl -uceeeded Mr. A. Ofner. have a v.rv ,\Mi
si\e business   hen'as   whojesalc   and retail   prvt 1
Stan mechants Tbsa carry a corn pie t« line of fi-
ccllent gros-ene-. together with butler - !..•.•-«' and
farm and dairy produce geneiallv. I h.i have aim
a large sua k of canned goods oi all aorta, and Indeed everything oauallj Included under this 11m
ol basineas at tlr-i claase*UblIahmenta. for 88
celleioe and qual ly, moraover, their large -t", k
ofllauori id all aorta cannot be osnellod. fbo] a
enpj on • ommo.hous premises on the corner ol
Uovernmenl and Kort streets, a skci.h or which
appear- in our adverti-ing . ohimns.
Hail   &   Lowe
Are the leading photographer*' on Uo\ eininent
street in   this t ity.
They ha»e had the bsSs nf ttalnin«.  having been
HBBSSnonl for years with the SSSSSSBBSSSl W m. N.-i
man. who. it will Is' reniemtv. n-,t  to.>k  the Ms^MSl
artSl    at the  Fbiladelphia  Ctnleiinial. ns alaoths
Miilii-li gold mesial ai th«  s c exhibition.
Mssnti   Hall \  Uoweanvs been rat a bit shed in now n I sin   three years, and  have   rce.-ntt.
Ois-nci ai-*4> a branch e-tahlishment al \ .tiu ouvei
like]   ha\e  rorl    line   r-how    iihuiis. waiting rooms,
and s.udi.s*,. atol certainly turn out  excellent work.
Their portraits especial)• are   von  irtecllve   «tu
dhv ^
\\ . sftansM not forget bo ineniion Hun the portrait
of the l.ieiiteuanl t;«i\. rnor. anianOluj in ttn >i   ■
uii.n-. SrSSl copied fnim oueot their plioto^iapti-.
Mr.   John   Weiler
li« an nM timer here, and shows   both in hi-    ■
pcr-011 attit sonaMfSBSB -tore thst  w on v hiu>   bad no
dwelling plaee in hi-   -ui ronti.ling-.    Coming   hete
to til hi-tiu-iucs** has grown   wn h tbe   place, until
after rnovtnst snd Mdnrginsj: hi- stakes from time 10
nme he h» no« ].*. nied on Fnrt ■ti'eet, where he baa
! Ill     it ->dllsg   t Ml II11 lilt-    ttOIV   ill   I In ■   p! ... UK e
Ufa i-;.i.. ol  buaineas   t ■   1
feci by a drnth ol '»i rwrt, wiih " apcond story BOxW
Adjoining three pn ntiwo and tormmg pan thoreul
fa n warehouse, oi wtuoh be fa the owner, a thro*'
BtOT)   tMiiltlliig. faking in halt a tilts k.
He has  al**o a   large   tnrniture   tnanufaclor>   mi  street,  em ploy Ins altogether  eosae   -i
Hi- sbBVSS sic * rowdeil fiom tl.H*r to c. ihng w itti
all KM '- Of tnrniture. both ol hi- OO n make and im-
portad. ns well aa ■ full Hne of rroekery, enrfnits.
uphoMerrd g»»«-)s, aiel in brii t rvt 1 y thing rcpuired
for bjSMBSS furnistiing.exccpluiK* stoVea siono.
He 1- aasiated In to- bnainosfl by  bis four wn*.
whom he i- rety Joatl) proud
Victoria   Transfer   Company.
Tiiis.,.iii|.in ,   ot  u|n, 1,  Mr. S  Tinirlri BI IV-i
•Iriit ai'.l Mr. K. s.   ltatiitii-,1 is  -.M-rrtarv. .'oti.lii. I
tin-larK-'-l ln.ri an.l   li„. k   -l,t>li'..Mi   tin-   I'a.ltl,-
I'oa-i. not ,-x. . j.litit.-s.,11 I-r.11, is, 0
1 i..-ir sit.t»j.. . i«ra -i.u> bnlHtlnat, cover, an
an-a ijt.Msi 1.. t. atnbllnH nnwrnnt. oi  iim i.i-a.l taf
liors... Iti.j bfftetl linn ,i«n !ioi-s,-s. anil .u,n
seTStxu flaw Ena; tab IhutxMaThbrtHla ami \imi>ii..hi
troll, r-
Win.!,-.. ,,f , , , r) rli ■ mi : will Ih- IouiiiI Inn-,
an.I a 111.11 must 111111^,11... nrba CBBBBl
K.'i *xa,il> sailed nl tin--.- atabtai II,.- st;-,-, t ,,ti.
n 1 mis,-s arc 1,1-,, 1 un bj  1 in. ,.< 1111«...r■.
British   Columb'a   Express   Co.
Ila» it. ^.-lu-r.-il otlli-o Bern, wlillst BSXxVBtjBX. ill III.'
nil.rioi ot tin. I'Iomii,, ami . oiii,,-, I iiik with tht
Iktimnion r\|ir,ss , oni|,,iiij
Tho s'aav rout,- ,-„\,i> s     «.i   nul.s. ami   III."
SBBsSBxtt] k'ii.'ai'lii|.|.i\i!iiiit to al. 111 ill 1,1 V mrs.
Insns ol ibnoanrbenBtn dimnrn bj m\ hornoa. ana
aii.H.-ita).-i tin- companj   knaps ni-mi   IM ana. si
Mi I' -.. llarnani. an a. It... n-.-nils i of ihi' I'll.'
I'ouiK-il. la I'n-si.l, in .mi Mnwurrr of lbs Com
Bowman's   Stables.
Aniniic.t ii,,-,,,,-,,,, :,,,,, aklWen of Vi.-toria lhat
BfW.SJ linn mmi. mi I i, 1, Hint Mnvn.1 strrrta. la
of nan tl'-st rnnk. H.. ,ii»-s a tin.! 0BSSS Stat lh"v •*
t.iisin.— lu-.i \. 1 i, 1.. ,,f trrcri ill asxn.
iiik from liis ,-ii,l.lislim, 11I un- BMB nil nvrr H»'
rltj hs «,n a> on th,- now famous .Inn" Jf?
loiimiiiiK it. Amonnl Ibcsc mu !«• HrxnUBSBi
tli.-.liii.-io   Beacon   Hill, • „.l  Hurro.sBaf._2'
.lo>..r ii.>. i.oi.i   Bsraain,    ana b.   MnS-^S.
>.s.k,-. kaqulmali ami man. oth. i nlsesi in"
Ii,.,. man sUMna hoi,1 n rer> central i«""iio"-IS;
,,'."! iT:'11 "IMH.sii,- tl„- ,„„„, ,.„t,»m* K' '"'
|>n.r.l 11, „s,.. ,,„ \ ,,.„ „,.,.,.,     llM. BWlnsniraBCS
.son llr,,».l sii,,i. ||,, |,„,|,h, .,,o.iaXI.Iii-lsaS1-
.lr> ami , l.nnl,. atanlbiR aonie titti bomra, «»'•
ahcltrr for .-on. i-)am-v* of cv.-rv (Itw-riplion- lnr
|.io,..„ioi ,i,„, a i,,,.,,  ||%),,, „„,,   |1M, i, Lumnt-nn.
rairjinKllir hMiuimali mail ami rilnlill'K l»* "'
from   th,.   hoats.    Mr.     lion man «  ralca an- OUl"
rasaaMUs. Th,. .iriv.-r. anrl suldra in Mr H«»-
man. .niploy taltc tilcasiiiv in ruinttof '"" "!',''
rx(.laii,iii« t|„. n.anj InlereaUns anola in IBS rvallj
ci.j.ijal.l.. natural vinnra Ibnl hIh„iii,I in UUsBsMJ
borbood.    11,.. r,..,ls «t,i, h  ,„,.  mi,,!,-ami krlit In
r In Hi,- t;
ovi.nnin.|it 11 ri' ,-\,«'ll|.|lt.
Honnian hlmarir iaal»av» fonml at hla poai.
r,n.d '•"""ally acts, that hh. ru'atomrn. have .very
Bitention. it VICTORIA.
Continued from Second Page.
Concerning; Doj.i In the Manjfer
We think, taking the woild over, tbat mangers generally are butter supplied with dogs
than hay, and British Columbia in this respect
can scarcely lay claim to any particular exception to the rule.
How many men are there who go down to
the grave with scarcely enough money to pay
the death watch, yet who have been living all
their live* with undeveloped millions within
their very grasp. Just because a man cannot
have it all he Will prefer to die poor rather than
commit the enormity of letting some other man
share his good fortune.
He knows very well that he cannot develop
his mine, his hot spring, his patent, or whatever it may <<■->, without some outside assist-
anoe either of mon. y or intellect, bnt no, that
would necessitate ihe sharing of the profits
and although that share would speedily make
him a millionaire, yet he would rather die a
panper and Itt, may be, some unknown nephew
or other heir-at-law build up the name and fortune that might have been his own.
Of the same class, moreover, is the  individual who is alwavs so terribly afraid of advertising  his  own   interests or  business because it
woul I indirectly  benefit  Mr.   So-and-So,  who
ught himself to advertise and doesn't.
And of a kindred type is the meanest and
most near-sighted of them all, tbe man who
thinks that he can stand by and reap the full
advantage* of another's enterprise, or push,
because he may temporarily bold the key of the
position, or for any other reason.
Much a man invariably persuades himself
that no one can s.>e through the film of his
small mind until someday he awakes to the
fact that tbe "poor fooi" who, as he imagines,
has been advertising his business for him baa
quietly walked off with the plum he thought so
firmly in his grasp.
Ami un with individuals so with towns and
communities. Has there ever yet, for instance,
been a railroad constructed tbat a certain class
of the community has not howled at what in its
wisdom it is pleased to caliche "foolishness"
of the government, or any other of the "powers
that be" in making such and such a grant, or
securing a road on such and such terms.
A contemplated line may pass through miles
and miles of swamp or  monte, or unmeasured
forests of gigantic timber, perfectly valueless
except for the advent of a railroad; scheme
npon scheme may have been formulated for
developing   the   country   and have  fallen to
the   ground;   Governments   and    syndicates,
may again   and   again   have   attempted   the
work  and  failed,  but as  soon as any private
enterprise has solved the difficulty, as soon as
the gorges are spanned, the rivers bridged, the
swamp drained, the forests cleared, as soon  as
the distant valleys and rich fields are reached,
the mining conntry tapped, the boundless tracts
that erstwhile were wild and barren wastes converted into marketable land, so soon as enterprise on enterprise dots the entire   expanse of
the now budding country,   and  the   surplus
population of our cities build their prosperous
homes under the shadow  of   the  wharves and
depots—then we hear at once the same twaddle
about   "monopolies,"  the   f'foolish   grants,"
the "enormous profits."   In the estimation of
these patriotic souls it would have been   better
^o postpone and postpone the  opening up of
the country to some remote and future generation rather than   have shared tbe advantages
and profits with any man or body of men, however impossible it  might  ever have  been  to
have accomplished the work at any time without such special assistance.     "Whilst  the land
is perfectly valueless, the timber upon it an
^incumbrance rather than a profit and the gold
and silver, coal or iron beyond all  marketable
reach, these wiseacres are very liberal in their
grants.     They  are perfectly  willinoff er
bread when they think it is a stone, but are
terribly galled to find that their bread is bread
after all—that their grants and belts of waste
land and monte, impenetrable forest, and dismal swamps have through capital and science,
energy and perseverance, been opened up into
value and profits.
It is perfectly sickening whether with individuals or communities, tone compelled some-
times to liBtea to these miserable Mo-sbanks,
who are ready at all times, whatever the proposition, to bar the road to progress and
prosperity whether it be individually with reference to their own one-horse little business,
or publicly with reference to their town or
city, their district or their county.
Fortunately for the world at large and British
Columbia in particular, the "great majority '*
is made of "other mettle," and can very well
afford to let the grove, ling touls of
the poor minority eke out their
wretched existence in groans and howls and
twitching* of their misatrung nerves. Well, we
did not intend to be guilty of this long moral
lecture, but having sat down to Bay something
The subject raked up many a scrap of conversation to which we had been compelled to listen—
in effect, when boiled down, " Oh, yes, Duns-
muir's line is a very good thing, but think what
we have hod to pay for it!"
" Pay for it?"    Yes, if you can call it pay.
The grant of acres, that in the absence of the
railroad was literally of no value whatever,
whether  to  Ihe  Government,  the county, the
Seople or even to the grantee, nr anybody else,
n the other hand, what has Victoria and tbe
whole of Vancouver Island gotten in return,
both now and prospectively '■
Having completed some eighty miles, connecting Esqnimalt with the coal fields of Nanaimo and Wellington, with the extension of tbe
line from Esquimau across the harbor to Victoria drawing towards completion, it will only
be a matter of a short time before the road
will be pushed en atill further-indeed, before
the whole island will be encircled by the iron
■ salt, with tit- cross roads connecting through
its rich defiles, opening up its unexplored resources, its delta lands and sloping watersheds,
its coal and iron aud wealth of minerals. No
one can he<dn to gauge   -
Time was—and not so far back either—when
railroads simply sought to connect town with
town/and center with center. Now all that is
changed. TIih railroads pioneer and towns and
cities spnad themselves along their shining
line-* with such a rapid growth, that maps are
altered well nigh before the ink is dry.
Whilst at Victoria we took
The subject of this art c!e. For some distance
we pass through the most delightful scenery,
Devon and Derbyshire, the Is>e of Wight and
Cumberland seem jumbled together in yonr
imagtnai: u like some revolving dream. Now
gliding ovtr deep gorges, now overtopping
waterfalls, now rounding the steep sides of
overhanging j r.*.i[.ices, the green foliage
menuwhi'e relieved at every turn by some
winding river or the deep bras waters of a
placid 'I he journey never tires, whilst
the engineering skill dispUyed as you pass along
each firm and iL.onst.-r trestle or round some
di/zy height, oaDa forth on -very band some
exclamation of admiration or surprise at the
march of T*Tiffft and of workmanship. (Bsa
accompanying sketches;.
Arrived at
We determined to break our journey and to
make a more intimate acquaintance with the
interior. Wo found her-* quite a little settlement, some excellent stores, an Anglican
church, a Catholic church and conveut, a
libmry with a ball, capable of seating some
200 people, schools, postofflce, blacksmith
shop, and other adjuncts of a   thriving village.
"^gtSST*-***or maybe
The road now is practically completed for
tbe moment, although improTttnents are constantly being made and extensions planned.
We presume therefore it will not be "finished"
till a car can leare Victoria, travel round the
island, and enter Victoria again without leaving
the track.
A short extension is no» being built across
the harbor into the heart qf tbe city of Victoria
This lire i» r early completed and though abort,
Mr.      Robert      DUnStnUir,    (mental in bringing capital  and labor to her' winJ?i£2und in Su!". advertisine; columns    There
l,AL dk^M— TT-    1_ _ _       » *"   =bbpbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbBx«BBBBBBBBBBBBSx«pbbbbb? a   JaPP  _ul   nPrlA     Jl   ir~tf"lfW1   s^atBSBBBBBB^BTaTaTaTaTaTaT*    tllnih      a,
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ jishores.    He has' do ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Who* name sppears so often in nolnmns, | ,'nTtnHou° a^has never ^'^^ P^C
much to aid  the Gov-
ng pub
en behind hand
in connection with so many large enterprises) bestowinn hhTriZT^T'.'" T' r"7.°""" m
in this Province, was born in Ayre.hire, Scot.! ^72 5,' ^ •i,°P.p0r.t,WhtJ.8 hls c?an"
lsnd in 1825, and came to this locality in 1852. a marr?ed man-^u f^ •,"' Ut' T>T'amait '"
since which time he has made his home either ?„?„ ™ ™^?' - f!mi y fon8"t3 °' two sons
at Nanaimo or Victoria. Vanaimo arT~f "V"6"- f,t!l"'s bnsine» at I
His career is s rery remarkable one, eight daughter^?      Fnncl8~ ™>pectively) and |
are 30 beds, a good dining-room, nice, comfortable
parlor, and commercial men. tourists, hunters, investors, and everyone coming to this coast will
appreciate a visit to this house. The wines and
iqiiors also are excellent.
John   HUbert.
If every man in town had half the energy and en
terprrw of John Hllbert, Xanaimo and district at
Lodge ^-Than J**9 Ho,e»- OT " Banter's
•to on the k!yv ",le. rustio ™>"»t-is sitn-
"ther on th. E?k£ °£ tte »">aller lake, or
below its o„S .,,3 °f the »*«"• immediately
«°-t of SK''T ,hf lak8' "nd •• J"* «-•
No marbU?J? make ' buDt'T ,eel ttt hnm°-
t*£P^££!m'> floor9'bnt a resn-
»ors nrt?!.!0?' ""terfowl as well, whilst the
with noTr'aidim ,r ma-'J,bnn5 *>°°>e M» ^
fudge either! ™fflcn,,J' and with n° Ter>" long
reel 'ot'^"--^'1**'* «■«"»*•- to rod snd
BDort wa k 5  T2!?*a ot I"8 river, and vi-ry coed
aalmoTri^ t6 lMt"     In lue P^P" ««»"n
np to t^*„, naPoand8 in wei«D^ ftnd "-'»on
wtthth.nv J .° P°nDd9 »nd <"er. What
had1 "lm.   ,", and th<" gloo'ooa '-'"S we simply
rowing "he- 11'   -T*' '"y aB Pencils d,d the
"■ts wnen ihe wind gave out.
and niillai, a" ,ad M the '"'y wBo lo3t » d«1l*r
Mr rh.t? np^f dime when we bid 8°o<l bra to
fonnen"^ ?"*»■  th«  "»«."  *i<le-a»ake
JgjMrisj*4 thrast 5neck -ce
•nioT*nr^ne y7at* to 8b*k* off --PU care or to
wooYJ^.11 ame the wild ,ifo*f *o»e»ack-
find!.n5S -w^ can voach fo* ** tbat he will
bv nai-        b a 1narte™ end  Plenty ot game
CowfcW8 ri?" to Mr' G~«>"8 «-»»' by the
RaiTroaTa^n8- Sfeking "8am «"• Isl»nd
naiiroatl at  Duncan's  Staliou,   we were once
more  bowled a'ong en route for Nanaimo, this
tiring  Cc!pa"y tbrongh dense foreeti-a repe-
Lakee mTa of onr bnBBT °n™ «° 'be
thitr" Cbeinainn»,  about twenty miles
,1      •' Nanaimo, we took the opportunity
or paying a visit to the
An6. tbriUng enteT>rise of Messrs. Croft &
f~¥Sl ™H? Te fonnd qoite an important
odustry.   The large and  busy  mill with  the)",' .   w „.
imposing wharves attached thereto, a well i Pon.8mmr Wellington coal mines
stocked general store, a big Hotel, and quite an
extensive settlement, all the property of
wT". Croft & A"P«. »bil"t the ships
jy'ng at anchor in the harbor, and the steani-
f i J_ tbe wbarves, all awaiting a oargo
oi lumber, completed a picture that was quite
a surprise to us as we approached the shore
irom the depot, distant some two or three hun-
!?i yarfs" and from "bich spot the bay is
partly hidden by the timber that extends down
to the very water's edge.
The saw mill was only established here
about four years ago, but has already   secured
The Newcastle of
Far West."
The Nalnral Centre for the Workshop of
the Pacific Coast.
it is nevertheless difficult   to overestimate  its
The  road also has recently been extended
from  Nanaimo to Wellington, .a distance of
about seven miles, where are aitcated tbe
—^^^—^^^^^^^^^^^^^^—_ more particularly referred to in our article upon Nanaimo aud its surrounding*..
And indeed to the who'e Coaat, of this extension connecting three vast coal fields with £s-
quimalt, can scarcely be gauged.
Esquimalt will doubtless soon become the
Woolwich and Deptford of the Province, her
arsenals, her coaling and victualing yards, h r
naval and military stores and supplies •■/ hoc
genus omne are all to be centered on this magnificent harbor; a harbor moreover that is
protected  at all points  and deep enongh and
His    present   residence,    comfortable
At the age of 25, he left his home and came
to Vancouver Island, in the employ of the
Hudson Bay Company, to exp.ore the ialaznr In
search of coal. Alter sixteen prosperous
years spent in their employ, he terminated his
connection with that company,and commented
life's battle for himself.
Having by  economy, firm will, and nntinag
energy, acquired some little capital, be joined
with three other partners in purchasing t&r
Wellington  mines  (described  in  another  ^4
man). —~
Subsequently Mr. Dunsmuir b-tught out his
partners' interests, and has since carried on a
large and very profitable business in his own
name. To-day Mr. Dunsmuir is reputed to H*>
the wealthiest capitalist of British Columbisv
Besides his interest; in the mines sad
in     tha     Esquimau     and     Nanaimo     Rail-
^^^^^^^^^^^^^      and , the end of twelve months  might have a hundred
commodious, is on Menxtes street, fronting the | inhabitants for every ten there at present, whilst
** ■ " *—*■ ** each man now there mitrht have a hundred dollar*
in his pocket in place of one;
Mr. HUbert started business here about 12 years
agro. and now has tht largest furniture warehouse
in town. He carries quite an extensive stock here;
beds and mattresses, bureaus and wardrobes, parlor
furniture and carpets, baby wagons, rocking chairs,
china and crockery, glassware ornaments, and
in fact,everything required to furnish or beautify
a home,
Mr. Hilbert is highly respected by his customers
and   fellow citisens. A city councilman, a mem
Government buildings. His new residence on
Fort street, will shortly be completed. It will
-cost $100,000, and will be one of the finest and
handsomest houses ou this coast.
Mr. Dunsmuir is a Member of the Proviu-
cial Legislature for Nanaimo, and holds the
position of President of the Council without a
He is a man of medium Height, wiry and of
About  GO  years of age.    The architect of his
If any of our English
renders on this coast
are at any time feeling
a wee bt homesick,
we can tell them where
they can at least get
temporary relief for their
malady. Let them just
take a trip across the
border, huut np Nanaimo, and slay a few days
at the Central Hotel, we
will guarantee they will
think themselres back
in the Old Country.
The rooms are comfortable and quitt, no
money   wasted  on   gilt
and    veneer,    but    the     	
Iinsn is clean, the service go'jd and the general
air of the place is homelike.
At the first meal Pencils went off into one of
his flights of imagination about the French
chef, but from a little longer experience of the
wagaj of this world we dissbnsed him at once.
Tbe dinner brought back the remembrance of
"days of long ago." It waa net French, but
essentially English of the best style, not
hotel English, which is Usually execrable, but
home-life Eugiiib. The soups and the sances.
the great tests of srtistie cooking, were perfeot.
Everything was in proper keeping and would
have pleased  the  taste of the most fastidions.
We   fonnd    npon     inquiry  tbat   we   were
•/*tlrJfrfl*'SOa      „
I    <*. f» CO'rkf
—     „.  m. s**#   wnmitwi a iiicm-
n.r, fm-tnno h« i. njrhara th« m™t "nnnnl.i I b*'r of thc Scho°l Trustees, chairman nf the Street
own fortnne, be is peraaps tne most popular conmissioners. a stockholder In the (ias Company
nan in British Columbia. We do not say tbts and Waterworks, snd besides being a member, we
of him in any fulsome udu'ation, knowing that   believe, of every order in town—some eivht or nine
this would be as much against his taste as our all together, from the Odd Fellows to the Fire q„ite right in our surmiaes as to Ibe English
own. bnt as a feature of our travels, and I gSEsVaVbusy"as heta%?nuf™ A^er^Iru.h-1 training of th. cook. The excellent wife of
ihe r, salt of observations and expressions that; Jul representation of his business premises will be | ;„, bost h.d ^c.^ l0. ,^1.^ of m,nv
I reached ns on all hands from  every quarter of ' found in our advertising columns. ""* <»*
THK   (,f  AMI'  HAV     HOTKT.,
Opposite the depot, is quite a comforfsble
house. We sampled both tb« table and the
beds and cm  v./uch  for  their  excellence in
every respect, wbilat ih**   proprietors.
Price A Javnen, know well how to cater to
comfort of tlier guests.
Whilst hern we received an invitation to enjoy some sport at the "Hunter's Lodge" on the
banks of the
We by no Beam regretted our two days' rest.
Just near enough to Victoria to be of easy access, and jnHt fur enough from the beaten
track to avoid each, Tom. Dick nnd *Arry, you
secure the certanty of sport, with the equal
certainty that your hunter confreres will not be
drawn from th- ranks of the canaille. You
may meet my Lord, but you are pretty well
sure you will not meet his valet.
The   drivH   from   Duncun'e, through
twenty miles of forest,  is by no meani
pleasant   feature of the " outing
ment  roid, extending  all   the   way
an nn-
A govern-
^       jnst
been completed. 1 hja forest is one' dense mass
nearly the wlmle. distance, und almost impenetrable in some places to the rays of the sun. so
thick sndRntnll arn the gigantic trees. Gustavo Dorl would simply have revelled in its
depth and gloom itH knurled trunks and coils
of sna'.e-Jike roots, assuming every weird and
fantas ic shape imaginable, whilst at every
turn you keep yonr Winchester ready, yonr
ears pricked, and your "eyes a-rolIlnV hoping
quite an extensive export trade to Mexico. San
Francisco, Australia, and other distant places
as well as to Winnipeg, and other points in
Canada. It is a favorite point, owing to its
protected position, Horseshoe Bay not only affording excellent anchorage with deep water
right up to the capacious wharves, but, bb its
name portends, shut in at every point and entirely sheltered from the north and northwest
We shonld mention also that this mill supplied all the lim b -r for the construction of tbe
Island Railroad, amounting to some 12,000,000
It supplies ako nearly all the lumber used on
tbe enst cotut of Vancouver Island, both by
land and water between Nanaimo and Victoria.
The mail steamers call at the mill wharf and
ship lumber to the various places of call along
the coast.
Messrs. Croft & Angus own large timber
limits on the (mainland and islands as well as
at various points near by. They have a yard
also in Victoria.
Inside the mill is a busy scene.
The engine is 250 horse-power, its cylinders 24x30, a 7-ton flywheel, 3 boilers with two
16-inch flues in encb. The boilers are fed with
sawdust automatically by Kwc-rt'.s endless
A 66 and a 52 double circular saw, afire-
gang circular, a 42-inch " edger " machine, a
planer (capable of planing two flooring boards
at once, 36 inches wide).
Also an English general joiner and planer,
that will simply do anything y.-u tell it.
A 36 inch hand-saw, a gang lathe mill and
bolter, a No. 20 Detroit fau to blow the shavings and sawdust away from tbe mill.
A 21-inch turbine, driven by 50 feet fall of
water. The mill, moreover, is supplied with
water pipes to each floor with troughs on every
roof, so that by just turning a Up every roof
and, indeed, every part of the mill can be
flooded at once.
In Hammer, by way of precaution, they
flood all the roofs both night and  morning.
The water which is of the purest quality, i*.
brought in pipes from a lake about five miles
distant, and flows with great force.
From thiB source al! the mail steamers on the
coast draw their supply of water. Everything
in and around the miti is iu apple-pie order
and simply works like clockwork. It is evident that the proprietors attend well to bnai-
ness, and know also bow to attend to it.
The hotel is leased by them to Mr. Gray,
who contracts for the mill hands, and h.ts also
an accommodation of twenty-five bedrooms.
After inspection of the mill and its surroundings, we boarded again the c-rs of the
Island Railroad and shortly found ourselves at
the thriving town of Nanaimo, the coming
Newcastle of the *' Far West-.*'
A sketch of the Chemainus mill will be
found on th.s page.
Before we quit the subject of the Inland
Railroad we mu-st add one w -ru more as to its
construction. It should be known tbat Mr.
Dunsmuir is
He has been its presiding genius ever hince its
inception. Throughout the whole time of its
formation and construction he was the fountain
head from which Bprung all its life. Any deviation or alteration in its plans, any advice or
at-sistauce required, from the engineer and superintendent of tbe works to the type-writer in
the office, came from him. His controlling
spirit waa everywhere—nothing outside the
acope of his personal supervision.
Nor should we forget to mention Mr. Dnns-
Mr. Joseph Hunter, the present general superintendent of the line.
Mr. Hunter has been associated with the road
from tbe beginning, being the chief engineer
of the worss and having exclusive charge of
the building of the road.
* Ab before mentioned, great engineering skill
~lWs been shown in the constru- tion, not merely
lnVe marvelous trestles and enaioeering wonders, but in the selection of its course, the seizing of every natural help and the avoidance of
all obstacles. In a distance of 23 rudes the
grade rises 900 feet till it reaches the summit.
During thin interval the line crosses three magnificent trestle, bridges, one 120 feet, another
12j feet and the third, of width a sketch is
given in these columns, 162 feet high, this last-
uieutioned trestle, moreover, being 520 feet
long and built on an S sbaned curve. We may
say also that there are eighty-five trestle bridges
altogether over the entire length.
Mr. Hunter ma> well be proud of bis work
for it most Barely will be a lasting monument
to bis engineering skill.
The construction of the road was
In the Nanaimo section in October, 1884, and
on the Esquimalt division  in March,   1885.
safe enough to afford shelter at all time's to the I road (or Island Railroad, as it is more corn-
largest ships of the British navy. Now that
the Home Government has absolutely fixed upon this spot and recognized its importance,
'•The Island Railroad Company" is arranging
for the erection of a huge coaling yard, with
chutes aud eveiy known apparatus for expediting the rapid coaling of the ships on this station. This is of immense importance to the
navy, the new liners and to the Pacific shipping
Are, Robert Dunsmuir, President; John Bry-
deu, James Dunsmuir, all of Nanaimo, Charles
Crocker, C. F. Crocker and Leland Stanford,
of San Francisco, and C. P. Huntington, of
New York. It is an incorporated company
with a capital of S3.000,000. The total cost of
the road was $40,000 a mile.    The Government
monly called), of which he is President and
holds controlling interest, he is, moreover, v.
director of the C. P. Nav Co. and Presiden;
and shareholder of the Albion Iron Works. H«
owns also all the steam tugs in the harbor, and
is interested in several large steamers and sailing vessels plying between Departure Bay :.n
San Francisco. The Victoria Theater, costing
$85,000. owes its existence to his enterprise.
Mr. Dunsmuir his been wonderfully successful
in his undertakings and has never yet experienced a severe loss or a reverse of fortune.
This is probably due to his keen foresight uni
tbe clever management of his affairs. He is
likewise, in the ti uest sense, a benevolent and
charitable man, though avoiding all ostentation,
and careful at all times, if possible, to cover up
the trail lest his good works should be discovered.    He has  in a great  measure made this
British Columbia. He is a plain, blunt,
honest, straightforward man, who oomts
straight to the point, and means what he says
and says what he thinks right away. By
shrewd business judgment, an indominitabie
will, energy aad ptr-everence he has amassed
his large fortune, nnd. judging, appearances, there is no doubt that be will long continue to enjoy it with honor to himself and h:s
country, and with the b-ai ty good wishes of all
classes of the community.
The   Central   Hotel
Formerly known as the "Minors'Exchange," and
referred to in another article, fa situate on the
main street and in a very central position. Joseph
Webb, the proprietor, is a Kood host, a (food Mason, and a'•jolly kooo fellow "   He will crack a
Haslam & Lees.
Another considerable industry here is the sawmill of Messrs. Haslam it Ix^es. The mill covers
SSI area ot two acres, and tojrether wi.h the lo§r-
eing camp employes between thirty and forty men
Tber ■ are three engines at work here, one 12xlS.
another MxlS, and tin* thinl I'vlti. Here also we
loiinti Wilkins' counter-lsulanced Kantr-saw at
work, cutting twenty-rive plank..*, at once. This
was the first gang-saw in use in British Columbia,
and indeed the second on Ihe Coast, The mill
supplies the local market principally, and is the
i enter of unite an extensive indu»lry.
Raper,   Raper  &   Co.
Conduct the principal stationery atore in this town
and are thoroughly enterprisinK. live, wide-awake
business men. fhey arc extensive importers and dealers m stationery, books, music £n«-
goods. «„d .he like and have also quite a Urg news
agency.    Messrs.  lUpcr, Haper Jt Co. have be?n
GULF    OF   GEORGIA.       2—THE    BASTION.        3 -A    TRFSTLE    BRIDGE    ON   THE    ISLAND    RAILROAD.
granted a subsidy of $760,000 to the company 1
iu   addition   to a grant of ten miles of land on '
each side of tbe track, but,   as   before   alluded
to, the quid pro quo to the  people  and  their
heirs is immeasurable and inexhaustible.
country"^wbat it is to-day. His individual
ell'- irt - and great undertakings both in and out of
Parliament have contributed largely to bring the
Province forvard into proper notoriety before
| the nations of the vor'd, besides being initru
established in business here for wimc twelve jean
or more and ha\e won the ebtccin and respect i»f
all .IaKsesof the community.    We  should not for
.„ v—-. ~_ .           get to   mention   that   copies of  this  edition of the
54 years, returning to  Kngland about   two years (San Kkancihco Juirnai. ok Commkrck maybe
ago to marry his present wife.   A cut of the  hotel [obtained at this store
joke and_sintr a song in.good  old   Knglisb  fashion,
and many is ihe yarn he will spin a (Hint the "early
days," aa he smokea li'—1— —"u -■"•  *•
of the office-   Mr.  W
<b hai
. with u»ti  in a corner
as lived in this town for
an English Duke, and who can tell how much
the soothing influences of her art had helped
even to mould the tenir** of Her Majesty's
Miui-ters nnd the destinies .^f h<r all powt rful
country? Be this as it may, tbe cookirg was
as good even as the Driard House, and we do
not know tbat we can give it any c.nater
So soon as we had introduced onrseWes to
mine host of the Central nr.d swectmrri onr
temper by an exc IUnt diuner, we determined
to explore
thr town a sir.
Passing up Ihe street towards the high land,
near the railroad depot, a most uagniticent
view presented it-*elf, and we will therefore
call your attention to its more striking surroundings from this elevated position. Just beneath yon lies tbe inner harbor,
deep, placid, shelter, d nt every point, and
aff jrdiug safe anchorage for craft of every description, from a canoe to a line-of-liattle ship.
Tbat primitive old fort, overlooking the water,
is "The Bastion "—an old landmark of HuJ-
§on Bay rub—and many a sculp has lined its
wall*! (see sketch The large stone budding
near by is the IVs-office, nnd you m-iy notice
the streets and houses extending ou either side
some considerable distance, with the wbarves
and warehouses and business quart* r, centering more immediately below you. Beyond
the harbor, you c;in see the restless waves
of tbe Gulf of Georgia, and on, and
on, towards the main land shore with the
rugged snow-capped peaks of tbe wild
Sierras stietcbiug a way back till they mingle
with tbe atmosphere and are lost in mist or
ether. To the ri^ht. some one hundred miles
or **o away, yon can just catch the gr. nd outline of Mount Baker, standing out s ern and
solid like some hoary veteran keeping watch
and ward over the frontier line I etwe»en old
1'nele Jouatl an nnd his I inly cousin -John.
To the left is Depirti.rt' It ,y, and Ihe noted
North Welling'on OsJStl Mines, the pr- perty of
Robert Dunsmuir \ S■ -. as ataw n-ar by are
tbe thriving coal n.iD'-s of the East Wellington
Mining Compmy, the property of Measrs
Chandler A Co , both ot which nines we will
tske you to pre«entl--.
The shafts jou see down there, just below
you on the richt, m.rk the site of
THK   1 UftUUUVSJ.   MINlNi.   l-O.
That stretch of rail, >on may notice iu< ning
slot gside the bay towards that high poii.t of
land, which looks frem 1 i re as if it »as an
udaiid, is the line of rail connecting the mine
#ith the company V wharf, and those n a*ts rising up beyond thcr are the m»tsts ot i bin*.
lying at auchor aw.uting a cargo of coal.
This company has three mines in .'perntion
within a radius of four miles.
No. 1. ••Eastn.ld ' shaft, the ItfgrO. is In
feet in dimii'Ur in the i loan. No '2. *' East-
ti- Id," used a*, an nir shaft, upca->t, isH'fettin
No. 2, "SontbhVM** is t-maller. and is w,»i ke.l
on the slope It is about tour mi es from t wn.
Shafts 1 and 8 belong to the same mine No 3
haft 1 donga to a new mine that was opened n- t
long since, known as "Southfield" mine. It
is situ ite close to CfcaM River snd in iiunn dials
proximity to the "t has- liivei " mine, that whs
closed some years » go. The co,.I is of ex-
cell-nt quality, v, ry ban!, and of the MBM character precisely as the noted Chase liiv. i pro
d action.
All there mines are woiking the sjuRM se.mi,
which varus in thickmss from two to twentv
About KO mm arc employed htie, princi
pal.y white men, and the output is about o'C
tons per diem.
A few Chinamen are also necessarily employed here to do certain work.
S«e those black devils over there? They a-c
enlightt ned Mongolians jnst conrng . ut of the
Ton cannot v< ry w. It d.stinguiah them at
this di tance.
Aprmtcm of Mongolians, a heathen Chinee,
osrtoi&iy. is not a very j lea*ant to look
upon at any time, bat wait till > on meet the
dim outbue of a Celestial aa bo i*«ni from
Satan's gaii;«ny hading to tbe intricate pas-
snges of the utt.rmost h. II, *mt till yon See
hrm down in a nun- enit rgmg from a d irkness
tbat caul's felt aid*, e his *»alowy form almost as Mack a- his o* n, caked
in sweat an.I dust and filth, gttdt and move
from bote to passage and pa-sage t - h- I the
dim light upon Lit. head ju t pviug in bare outline a suspicion of fe tnre« that n ay belong to
devil, imp or -.-honl, \mi ,D*t M ,ne W(111 (j ^
gin to suspect were thone of any human hi ing,
and jou will bel old a eight that will jve np n
yotir memory for a lifetime.
The  levels in  the  mioi ■   eitend    for orer
five miles, the whole workings of No, 1 being
nnder he bay and reaching marly to the Island
beyond. The drifts are G}{ feet high, and the
mines are supplied with fan ventilation.
The company is prospecting also at two othsr
plaws, namely, at Wellington North Field,
where they have 1200 acres, and at Gabriola Island. At this place t her are now engaged in
boring with a diamond drill.
In connection with the mines are the wharves.
One wharf alone is capable of loading 300 tons
an hour. Any ship or steamer can lay at this
wharf and the harbour is perfect, being protected on all sides.
San Francisco is the principal market. The
mines are the property of an English joint
stock company, and Mr. Samuel M. Robins is
the excellent and capable superintendent.
Well, here cornea the ttain, so let us get
aboard and pay a visit to the
We alluded to jHut now. It is but a short
spin, anyway. iWe valuable mines are the
property of Robert Dunsmuir &, Sons, of Victoria, and have been running since 1870.
There are five mines here altogether, giving
employment to GOO men.
The several outputs aggregate from 850 to
to 900 tons a day.
There is a fan shaft to each pit, together
with two furnaces for ventilation.
The coal is a very fine, hard, bituminous
coal, and is acknowledged the best on tbe
coast for steam purposes. They have a so a
coal here of an excellent quality lor gas purposes. Mr. Dunsmuir has some 1500 acres of
coal lands here, only 300 out of which are as
yet being worked. The seam Is from eight te
nine feet thick.
Tbe wharves, four of them, are at Departure
Bay, where 2.500 tons can be shipped in a
day. Ships ride at anchor hers with perfeot
safety at all times, the baibor being deep and
absolutely protected on every point.
San Francisoo is the principal market.
Now let us take you to
The property of Messrs. Chandler & Son.
Well, here wo are. that is the shaft you may
notice under tbe hill.
Shonld you ever visit Nanaimo, 0 reader, let
us impress upon you not to fail to visit thess
interesting mines.
On arriving at the mouth of the pit yon will
be handed a Tittle lamp that looks for" all the
world like a diminutive coffee pot with a bit
of burning tow in tbe Rpout. This is the lamp
the minors wear upon their bends. Voq, however, will carry this oily incumbrance in your
hand, not having the leather protector on your
You will next enter what looks like an
elevator at a store, only with the Rides entirely
open and unprotecU d. Hold on firmly to the
crossbar, for you are not accustomed to the
kind of journey yon are about to take. *'Tong!"
goes the gong and away you speed down the
narrow shaft—down, down.down into darkness
and dampness and cold, dropping, dropping,
dropping till you catch your breath like a child
on bis first swing, and with a sigh of relief find
yourself at last upon terra frtna.
Presently boarding a train of narrow, open
trucks you catch a dim outline of a mule at the
other end of the cars and match with interest
the shadowy form of his driver, who looks
suspiciously like old Charon, and as you watch
you wonder the while if he has not swapped
bis ferry for an underground route.
"All aboard," and you are whisked along
down levels and slopes and slopes and levela,
twisting and turning and shooting and spinning through the pitvhdark corridors aud mazelike galleries, the light in front now lost to
sight, now dancing again into view like a will-
o'-the-wisp on a midnight ramble. And tbus
and thus the chase continues. The workings
are visited, the stables inspected with their
poor, dumb, life-long intombed occupants,
the immense furnaces viewed from a respectful
distance, but into which you peer with bated
breath, expoetidg to catch a glimpse of the
si ades cf the damned, and anon yon find yourself again at the mouth of the pit. Here you
acknowledge that you have met with a new experience and one you would not have missed
for anything.
You will find Mr. Chandler Junior in oharge
here, and we can guarantee that you will not
only meet with tbe utmost courtesy and attention, but the workings themselves are as ssle as
any you are ever likely to come across in a lifetime, snd your pilot as capable and practical a
man as ever entered a mine—Mr. Chandler ia,
ir£f act, a vr ry rising young man. and thoroughly
understands every detail in connection with the
works, whether as a mining expert or as a evil
engineer. His knowledge moreover wns not
derived from books alone, for be it known tbat
he can handle a pick or sink a shaft, can drive
au engine or lead a rescuing party ugainst t is
best and oldest Land in camp; in short, there
nothing in mines or mining with which he is
not perfectly at home. Iu spite of his quiet,
retiring disp ndtion you can soou discover this
much, but we found also upon investigation
that in the mining and civil engineering examination he carried c IT the highest peroeutage
out of the fourteen cindidates exeuiiued.
The oompsny employs some 200 men here,
and have it present an output of about 3 000
tons a month. They are, however, sinking a
shaft about a quarter of a mile distant which
will probably be finished by April next, when
they hope to double the output at least. Their
wharves are  at Departure   Bay^ and  afford ao-
ronimodasiip*-- Sur    ■'       ■  ■■■■!   ■■■null, Xhi.	
harrmr ht a--*««^-d "U all side*-, and tbe water
is of great depth right up to the wharf.
The company has an excellent Baldwin locomotive, the rails are of steel, and, indeed,
everything about the pl.tce is of tbe best, and
what is more, is the absolute property of tbe
The quality of the ooal cinnot be surpassed
whether for domest'c purposes or for st-am.
From the foregoing it will be seen then that
at Nanaimo and vicinity may be fonnp some of
But these workings may, be taken as only a flash
in tbe pan to what may be expected iu the i tn
mtdintc future.
Bituminous coil is known to exist in large
quantities also in the northern portion of the
Island, as also is anthracite coal on Queen
Charlotte Islands foi an area of some 100 miles
or so.
Truly has this province been called the
"lint tin of the North Pacific," but no far tha
mim rali have scarcely been prosp cted, far
leas worked. Tbe time, bewev.r, niu«l come
when the "everlasting bids' will unlock their
golden treasuries and it in w« li f >r an>one con-
ttniplating a move to some new und distant
clime to beat in uiiud the
MBM    Ain AKTAOt s
A settler acquires by attaching himself to a
mineral country. The advantages, be it remembered, are not to ihe miner alone. A good mining camp, for instance, will create a town, aye
more, will people a district. The miuers require boots and shoes, clothes and groceries,
schools and doctors, hout-ec and lumber, and
the usual accompaniments of civilisation. They
require likewise tbe product of tbe soil, beef
and mutton, flour aud vegetslJeS. In fact, no
matter what trade or calling intending settlers
m«y have, he will find that a mineral producing
country holds "the inner track" in the race
with other countries . Nanaimo in this respect
has an enviable position, for not only is she tbe
Newcastle of the West, but large anas ot valuable agricultural land he witbiu a short aud
get-at-able distance, acres and acres of which
are aa yet not even "tab-n np," far less under
Nanaimo moreover is even still more favored
than we have yet mentioned. In fact she bears a
closer p.irallel 11 the thriving districts of
Great Britain and to the wea'th and power
tbat have grown from them than may at first
be realised. We refer to the fact tbat iron Is
found in such close quirter* to the coal. Iron
exists in large quantities both on Vancouver
Island and on the mainland, whilst on F.-sadu
ls'and, dose by Nanaimo, there is a mountainous mass of iron, traceable for nubs, well
situated for minin/, smelting and shipment.
The ore contains a great percentage ot iron
with only .003 per cent of phosphorus.
Wi'h such natural edvantagea, now that this
conntry has b en opt n< d np by a gr..t .1 trunk
railroad, it is only a question rf time before
Nanaimo,as the \Vtst rn Ne*e istl-.will be joined by another Sh« tlbld, before New We tunnst r
will be emulating Manchester and Vancouver
utrntting forth as ihe l.ireipoot of the province
with Vic.oria as tl.e mother of them all, a second Loud 'ti lo r Mai of oovi niim nt, like ber
prototype at the idjotaiwg Ht James, *her
Woolwich arsenal at KsquiuinU, h. r shipyards
aid her d< cks around her skiits and her free
p  it open to tbe world!
Wtll. these prophecies may bs vipioimry. but
at the 'nine time w. fee! eouviiu* -d tbat there
wilt b'* a fur larger getui of truth in them than
most minds iti the pres* ut year ofgi.icewill
Not merely is •orl iron snd agrioalturml
land escb a grot gift in itself, but far more so
when each is mt.nsined by ihe jmtapositionof
the other. Again is this a Ivatitage magnified
when it is remembered that this province alone,
on this wide coast, baa bt eu thus favored by
Proxilencc iu the distribution of its natural
gets. The sjinie pauillel niitv be again drawn
lutween European countries large in ana, bnt
lacking iu acomhint-tiou i f mint-ials, snd Great
Britain- where so many good things b»ve been
shoved together by Piovidcnce into so small a
space- lb r e ■;.) and iron, lead and tin have
done in- re lo add to England's wealth, population and power; and to the health, strength and
peaceful contentedntss of her people, than if
each e.*l mine had been lined with gold.
lbu*-. then, we lo. k upon Nansimo aa
DMCOntD   TO   PI.AY   I   fMS   I«PonT4*T   TART
In the rapid development of this country.
She pMMMH a fine natural harbor. The
city is will pla.'-d with a view to drainage and
in respect geucatly la all questions of hygiene.
lb tiuliful spring water in abnudance.
Climate delightful. Scenery magnificent.
Living reasonably cheap. Surrounded by coal,
iron snd fine agricultural land.
Communication by land snd sea with a further ext-n-ion of tbe Island Railroad in immediate contemplation.
These sod many other advantages should induce any intending settler to look well mound
this section befote hastily fixing upon a home
The papulation of the place reaches some
3,000 souls. 'I here are si viral good h tels and
stores, a fine stone DOSjfeofl o. a bank (the Bank
ol British Colombian livery stables, wharves
and warehouB.s. churches and schools, and ail
the usual accompaniments of a prosperous little to*n. We should not forget to mention that
this town carried  off a   first prize for a short
Continued on F< wih Page. —asa.
Contiuued from Third Page.
horn Durham bull at the Provincial Fair, held
at Chilliwook this year.
A few words on the other aide of the picture.
As in Vancouver, so in Xanaimo. the Frees ia
considerably behind the times. When will a local Press begin to learn its proper functions?
There is an immeuae advantage to any small
and rising community in having a "real live
paper" of its own. Such
supported and supported well, bat a poor, weak
si t-on-t he-fence paper does more harm to a
place than the lack of one would do. A good
paper, moreover, oonnot be started on a day's
notice, neither can it be had for nothing, for
the laborer is worthy of his hire according to
the excellence of his workmanship. When will
a little paper in a town the size of Xanaimo
recognize that it has other and more important
work to do than reporting the meetings of City
Councils and commenting on stale jokes (however naughty) which the Councilman rehash for
their own edification when business is slack?
When will enterprising citizens learn to combine and to pay liberally in cash for a good
paper, instead of paying io a roundabout
fashion by taking up pretty well all the space
in absurd advertisements that after all cannot
do them one particle of good? Does Mr. Dongh,
the intellectual and deep thinking baker, really
suppose that he sells another loaf of bread by
advertising in a local paper in a town the size
of Nanaimo? Still less can be suppose that be
gains another customer by advertising in any
ontside paper. Does the City Council really
suppose that a little edition of some 5,000
oopies from their "local press," however free,
will bring settlers into their district or province,
or add one jot or tittle to the prosperity of their
country in general or their own enterprises in
particular? When will tbe uneducated and
uninitiated learn a little wisdom as to the mode
and method of advertising and everyone learn tbe truth of the old saw
respecting the shoemaker and his last?
If the poor, decrepit old fossil, who, like
some worn-out eunuch of the seraglio looks
after the "chaste columns of the Free Press,"
could only recover a little of the misused
energy of his youth to enable him to throw a
little life and ardor into his surroundings, there
might be some chance for this place to discount at once a little of its future greatness
without waiting to bury the poor, well-meaning, dear old mossbanks th tt now croak over
their dollar limit in this misused place.
Another fatal drawback to the growth of
Nanaimo is its co-operative store, subversive of
all progress and prosperity and against the
noblest principles of "live and let live." Unless
we altogether mistake the signs of the times,
the day is not far distant when this ngly canker
worm will be votoei a nuisance by employer
and employed, the tradesman and the miner
alike. The town moreover is too much under
the influence of one particular class, and all
who have the interest of the place at heart and
can look a day ahead should strain their utmost
to secure the election of men to their City
Council, who have something else to look forward to beyond the mere collection of their
weekly wage.
J.   Abrams   &   Co,
Another wide-awake live-up-to-t ho- es man
in this city is Mr. J. Abrams who conducts a large '
clothing establishment here. He is interested also in
a similar business at Vancouver uudcr the style of
Abrams & McLean. A cut of tbe Vancouver business premises appears amon^a* our Vancouver
items. Mr. Abrams personally superintends thtf
business in Nanaimo, and Air. McLean in Vancouver. In both places the firm carries quite au extensive and excellent stock of ready-made clothing,
afentlemen's furnishing goods, water-proof coats,
umbrellas and every article usually kept at similar first-class establishments.
Ralph   Craig
The   Indians.
The Indian population is net merely of interest to the philanthropist but it baa an immense bearing also upon trade and commerce,
as well as upon the various industries of the
It will be well, therefore, for any intending
settler to hear what the Government has to say
upon this subject.
The following was taken from a pamphlet
issued "By authority:"
The system pursued in this province, with regard
to the Indian management, is simply a modification
of that traditionally followed by the Northwest
Company of a former day and the Hudson's Bay
Company, with whom these were finally con-
joined in their dealings with the numerous tribes,
from the Gulf of St. I.awi*ence and the Frozen
Ocean to the shores of the Pacific. Kindness, firmness and justice, may sum briefly the secret ox the
success of these once powerful fur trading corporations.
The effect has been this: A wholesome respect
for the law has constantly increased; crimes of the
blacker dye are rare: those of a minor class comparatively infrequent; self-dependeuce and industry have been promoted. I need not add that the
efforts of the many worthy men of all denomin-
tions. who have devoted themselves to the moral
and religious teachings of the natives, have cooperated powerfully in producing these admirable
It is but too common with those who are unapprised of tho true condition of Indian matters in
this quarter, to suppose that the natives here are.
as in many parts of the continent, unprofitable, and
indeed expensive, members of the community. On
the contrary, the natives of Itriti-h Columbia are
large producers: and as consumers contribute no
unimportant share in tbe aggregate customs revenue
of the province. On the labors of the young men
along tno coast tho various industries in operation
arc largoly dependent—the coal mines, the sawmills, and above all the fisheries. Vast sums of
money from these different sources are annually
paid but to them, which again speedily re-enter
into circulation. In all the agricultural parts,
both on the sea-board and in the interior, the services of the young men an; no less important to the
farmer; and as packers ami canoe men throughout,
their services arc invaluable.
It will be understood that no system of " purchase of land," or pension apportionment, has ever
been countenanced here'. On the other hand, certain
tracts in each district, comprising the village sites
and ether spots hallowed to them by time-honored
associations, have been set aside for tbe special use
of the various native communities.
Good   Advice.
We can thoroughly indorse the following, issued under Government authority:
Small capitalists arc recommended not to buy
land before thev have become acquainted with its
character, and the kind of labor required in a new
country; and further, if possible, to purchase or
rent a fann with some improvements on it, rather
than to go upon untouched land. This last advice
more particularly refers to emigrants from Europe,
whose previous training necessarily has not so
well adapted them to the settlement of wild land-
as persons brought up in America. Partially
cleared farms, with buildings erected on them,
may be bought in some districts of British Columbia on easy terms of payment owing to the disposition pioneers have to sell old settlements and take
up more extensive new ones.
It is sometimes better for au intending farmer of
moderate means to place his money, on first arrival, in the Government Savings Bank (which allows interest), to take lodgings, and to work for
wages for some time, in order to gain a knowledge
of colonial life and modes of management.
Any one who may contemplate settling in
British Columbia should certainly previously
apply to the Provincial Government for a pamphlet specially issued for the information of
intending immigrants. Mention this paper
and address " The Minster of Agriculture, \ ic-
toria, B. C."
hey   Mean  Business.
Does a thriving business here as a blncksmith.
Thoroughly at home with his hammerand anvil,
he has secured for himself a widespread reputation for the excellence of his workmanship.
It fs not, however, hi.- skill aa an artisan merely,
that has brought him into prominence in this city,
for he has, lu addition, won the regard and ion lid-
ence of his fellow citizens, and holds the position
uf a trusted representative in the City Council.
We understand tbat three steal steamers of
3000 tons each will be built at Fairfield's yard
on the Clyde, to run in the Canadian Pacific
Bailway Company's Japan and British Columbia service.
.*»- Tha Weekly Journal of Commerce is one of the best as well as one,
of Sie largest Circulated Newspaper*
on the Pacific Coast. It is mailed to
all the Principal Cities of the Worl&
und has Subscriber* in every Country
*>» Earth.
—asd pCTOKTEB or — -
Crockery, Glassware, Oilcloth and Carpets, Wall Paper, Cornices and Poles, Cutlery and Plated Ware.    •
HHOll.Ul:    IMI    KKTtll.
I*.   O.    BOX   218.
Victoria, :e. o.
Instantaneous Photographs a Specialty.    Enlargements in Color or India Ink.
Views of Victoria and ETSL'
Dealers in Photographic Material.    All Negatives Preserved.
Fort street.  •  T7"lol;oin«a,. B.  O.
*nrr.**ttor* <» A. eirii.r.
Groceries* Wines and Liquors
Corner Government and Port   Streets,
Broad Street, Near Yates.
Horses, Wagons, Carriages,
etc., on Hire.
Horses taken on Livery by the week on month
on the most favorable terms, and car*fu
attention guaranteed.
E,  c,  PRIOR,
■ wroKTF.H   or
Hardware, Iron, Steel
and Agricultural Machinery.
Government   Street,
THE driard;
Between Broad and Douglass Streets,
Victoria, ■ British Columbia.
RE DON & HARTNAGLE, Proprietors.
Messrs.   DAVIES   &   CO.
Frosting ..n Wuarw-       ihe  California, I'ugei  Sound and  Fraaer Klver Steameaa. and  Canadian
Pacific and Esquimau and Xanuimo Hallways.
Cor. Wharf and Johnson Sts., Victoria. B.C.
WILLIAM   JENSEN. - - - Proprietor.
Tliia Hotel ia in the very center of the hu-siness portion of tlie City.    The Traveling Public will rind
this to 1*. the mmt convenient aa well as the most comfortable and respectable Hotel in the City.
Sates $1.00 tj $1.50 per Da>, according to Boom. Special Bates by the Week or Month.
Imported   Edinburgh  and  Burton   AUn on   Draught,
The Clarence Hotel,
victoria, b. c.
Me only   rrv.r   rat   Victoria urlth   a   Passenger   tsievator  and   Hot a^d
Cold Water Baths for use of Guest:
Tourists   and  Commercial  Travelers will find it to their Advantage   to
Stop at the CLARENCE.
$200, $2§0 and $300 per Day, according to Room
P\   G.   RICHARDS.   Jr.   Proprietor.
Wholesale  Grocer,
Teas, Sugars and General Groceries
The Albion Iron Works Co.
.A.ii<l    General    IVXaoliiiiiNit «*.
Marine  and  Stationary Engines, Mill and  Mining
""*£- Machinery a Specialty.
TICfOEIA.   »,   €*»
W. P. SAYWARD, Proprietor.
Wm. McKeon & Son, Proprietors.
Yaled Street,
Cor. Courtenay and Government Streets.
Alex   McDonald, Proprietor.
^lOTOZR,!^,    -     -    IB.    CD-
TERMS: $1 TO $1.50 PER DAY.
P. O.^oS 264.
SPRATT & GRAY, -*-   Propria****^
Consulting Engineers, Draughtsmen and Patent Attorneys,
Dealers   in   New  and   Second   Hand   Machinery  of   all    Kinds.
l.NCilN'l'.   AND    MIT.I.   SUPPLIES.
Repairs Executed,    Machinery Superintended or Erected.   Ores Assayed.
Britisl Goloiia Stationery Go.
I. K. FERGUSON. Maniokb.
WBolraalr anil
Stationers, Etc.
Third Door South of Postoflice,
Government St, Victoria, B. 0.
Victoria Transfer Co.
Hudson's Bay Cc'y,
general Dry   Goods,
Carpets, Guns,  Ammunition,  Miners' Outfits and
Naval Stores.
Chief office and Depot for British Columbia:
VICTORIA,    ...    B. C.
Vancouver, Yale, Fort Simpson, Langley, Karrloops,
Hazelton, Hope, Quesnel. Massett,
and Priest Valley.
The Largest and Best Livery Stables on the whole Pacific Coast     Horses,
Wagons, Carriages and Vehicles of every description at reasonable rates.
F.   H.   Barnard,   Heoretnry.
1. S   Ii III HEX.
T.   N.   HIBBE1M   <£   CO.,
»tM>      on   ot    cult l»
Dealers in Winsor and Newton's Artists' Materials,
VIOTOIUA,  ia.   O.
22! "d ?™k"' C°-«n * Co'. P.p.r., Jndd Pan., Co.    HoTTok^SuiU^J. -.nd tS.r-
brook . B..-1 Pan.   .   A A. Arnold'. Wa kdena bd<i Anioine'a  Inks, T. Hhriver A Co'. Copy
IS SEE i *• Fo'67 * i^y/'i,rohUd » Oold *•"»• BnbMripiions Received for EnglEl
and loieiRn Newspapers and Periodicals. *
iy Copies of thla Edition Jocaxai. oi Ookmkbci may be obtained her*
Government  Street, VICTORIA, B. 0.
Shipping & Insurance Agents,
Victoria,   -   -   British Columbia.
Mails between San Francisco and   Vir*jri«.
Imperial Fire Insurance Company Ot London, England
Qaaen Fire Insurance Company Of Liverpool.
Maratime Marine Insurance Company Of Liverpool, England.
Reliance  Marine Insurance Company  Of Liverpool.
Tnam»i & Mersey Marine Insurance Company < >' Liverpool and London.
New Zealand Marine Inaurance Company Of Liverpool and London.
Liverpool    Underwriters'    Association.
Canned Salmon of the Following Well-Known Brands:
l>elta Canning Company, Fraser River Maple Leaf Brand.
Wel'ington Packing Company, Fraser River     Wellington Brand.
Laidlaw A Company's, Fraser River Dominion Brand.
Barlook Packing Company. Fraser River ..  H. P. C. Brand.
Skeena Packing Company, Skeena River [C ] Brand.
tar Moodyville   Saw   Mill   Go's.   Mill,   Burrard  Inlet.
B.y. 1  ...mli.h mad Nnrwitfin Cotuolato
K. |.T,n.-l hi I-.V.J-..I \.>  MKS.SHS   H   J   OAKlllNKB a OO
1 i.r^h.m llu'MiDA. IU..1 i^hali. Ut. K  0
VICTORIA.   X3.   O.
Merchants and Imoprters,
Execute Indents for every Description  of British and Foreign Merchandise; Lumber,  Timber, Spars, and other
Products of British Coin nil ia.
Clinrtorai   Effootcd
liENEKAL AGENTS— Royal Insurance Compan\; London '.V I^..^*.liirH I'ire loaur.
ance Company; Standard Life Aaanrnnce Company; London & Provincial Marine Inaur-
p^ny.<L?nm^fV.• Ld-i   Uulon Mltr-i,le In'"3r»n<^ Companv. Alliance Marine A«aorance Com
lUaka Accepted, Policiea Issued, and promptly adjmted in Victoria
.1    .r01^..*.0    „TSrC,QrtJ*'*   *   H»"«J'* Sporting and BUating Powder; John Cubttt
Goatling A Co., Portland Cement; .loseph Kirkman   A  Son's Q.Dd   Medal Invsntiona E»-
hibitiona, J885, Piano-fortes; J. £ W. Stuart'a Patent Double-knotted  Mesh-nshiua Seta.
Twinee. etc. B * ^^
IMPORTERS OF '.Vines, Liquors, Havana Cigars, Oilmen's Stores, Giant Powder
Cape, Fuse. Tin Plates, etc. AGENTS FOK the following Hr,inds of Fraser Biver
Salmon:    Ewen .t Co., "-Lion;" Bon Accord Fiabiog Co.
I'.VBI.K    AI>I>l:*>3.
"ROBERTUS," Vancouver Island.
O. 9TROU8S, London, England. E.  UI.(>OMINGI>AI.E.   San FrBnciaco.
- Ivrr»:;TKa»»  1MB Dv-Ur-Ks is-
Commercial Row, Wharf Street.
VHTOIMA.    B.    V.
33 Finsbury Circus, London.
Ouardian Fire   Assurance   (\iuipanv    Of I.onJou.
North Britis'u ami Mercantile Insurant - Co., Loadoa, (for Mainland!
Commercial Insurance Company, Marine San Francisco
Inverness an.l Balmoral   Salmon  Canncn.s
Peoples' Steam  Navigation Company.
Steamer  "Rainbow."
Boutilleau & Co .. „
Preller t On              °KUac   Br»Ulb
irons     !   v. " „" Bordeau Claret ami White Wine-.
Williams, Knpelbaeh .t Co v„„   ~
Cockbnrn, Smithes .V Co       n    \    »"%
W. B. Foster & Son  r  "," °I,orto J ort'
Boon! & Son        r   London Ale and Stout
 -London Qia and Liquor*.
London (linger Ale.
     Dublin WhiBkv.
Walkerville Canadian Wbisk'v
Rawlinp, A Co	
Wm. .lameson A c0	
Hiram, Walker A Sons '
I". «. Fry A Son         /"'"
Geo. Wostenholm A Co.    Btiston Cowa.
Minton's A Co  Sheffield Cutlery.
John Hall A Sou London Fncauslic Tiles, etc
Dunbar, McMaster A Co  London Powder.
     Oilford Salmon Twine.
tmno'Xed*to!roPra«. °' euro«'"" " American Good.
H. C. B«toh"""*" *** """' "' °' . * " « NEW WESTMINSTER
The Centre of a Large
Agricultural Valley.
inch a aiil™ i ? RodKe«. not merelT eTery
knows wlnl bata "i°»y 8<>od fellow." who
the table L d fiU hi" oh"ir ** the end o£
mittinu w'ii moreover, wind and weather per-
in booH „Ti BPln Jon a yarn snd crack a joke
»s oleas»i.inautical fashion till the time flies
wheels    T3. and a» quickly as the paddle-
■■   in due timo *. .nnm..k ih.
i due time we approach the
greater certainty tbat the Fraser river delta
will be worth $200 an acre ten years from
now than the California land above referred
to will be then worth $300 an acre; but take
these figures, the $10,000 investment in California will have grown to $15,00(1—that is, a profit
of $100 an acre for 50 acres, whilst the $10,000
investment here will have grown to $40,000—
that is, a profit of $160 an acre for 250 acres.
To any thinking man there oan be no doubt
that the three cities of British Columbia are on
Tiie District Possesses Ihe Only
Large Mass of Choice
Anywhere on the Mainland of the
North Pacific Slope
lets ofetWeIc01ne<1 whilst vet beating the wave's  hf?    by tha avant cour'"T   ot the
^S^f^^^'^^^ I As the nature; center of the .first .agricultural
.. !-«rBa mouth" of -  —**,~ -*— —>—- **-
watfM «■»   vB.      uy   tQe  warn   courier   or tne | .l      —_s~ .        ttv ,~."7. z~
slill near     *" *horUy enter-   A9 wa approach    .he,f¥B °f.a T7 abnor?»i.»nd lasttng growth.
"••-ii   nearer, the   a Ivan tin*nm.l   pent«r nt   thp   fi*a*   orrrinnltn-ol
*]£*** mouth" of ;     ^^^^^^^
ed with ot?*6-?-**'16 to any one at r11 ac^aain-"
noble  river mnst be
With  a Shipping  Port in
Its Midst.
A MigaMc River, Sheltered at Its lontli,
Cuts nmRtfl tbe District.
The     Granary    of    the
Her Enormous Wealth of
broad eiras" "V™ °P«nine at orlce in'° 'he
tected inland * o*81111 instead of into a pro-
Rlidinp .1      Bea'  'Presently we find ourselves
*"er delta v0"8 of ,ba arms o£ the Fraser
hand arlrf if ms and settlements on either
the buav ca *Dd beantT to tho scene, whilst
with the ' deacribed in another article,
Indian en 8&T and n0Tel surroundingB of their
y°n with tr?Pmenta' cannot fail *° impress
duatry u ,, showing importance of this in-
fresh ■'naeW 8acb new bend °' 'he river some
river itS3f8"honae'' ia brought to view. The
canoes anrlom-0reoTer' is alive with iuterest,
far as the 9hln8 hosts dotting the expanse as
flaes. imn ,ao 'each. Your attention never
stretehad V. * Uat at a ^dden turn, you see
stretched before you on a sloping bank
°fThJee^.W?rt»mster itself.
onoe strike,8 .eXCtUent in eTery «■»•«* aud al
b-ealthf nines, r" perfect in ita sdeclion f"r
eitanrli^ "'sing gently from the wat rand
age oaoafi?P'P'l^d, to some altitude, the drain-
55 outUneof1^*11 t-h"t. can b* d^aired- -"ilsl
and many soiri6 -"7 lt8e'f' itB '"^ bniId'ng<>
hillside i,8„~2 7f,n8 "er n"on tier UP the
the whole JL""1-' most Btriking, aud, to cap
inB to tVia'i 5 " C* for tbe firat t,me a back"
pictures„„ >d8Cap9 °' the most beautiful and
imaS08 hD8 of mountains that could be
the PPIWhiin8 tbe wharf- the bnm and '•><« of
e« wwS?,£'V""* Mi,U " 6re6t3 J0"1
the <■«...■ e bn8y yarda surrounding cast
Next en", lniPre(1»>°n3 " of a prosperous city.
ahx2«S?*i .1" oIat>Bi°8 of the bell and the
,„™9rand Canadian Pacific Railroad, and yon
nanT VV)ncethat Eaata°d West are hand in
?nml d ,that the K°yal c'tv has not only the
tee^KC'al advantaBe of a noble tivor, protected by an inland sea. but the richt of way to
a giRaniic road that traverses the Klobe.
" ",ef ls na'igable for about  100 miles.
district of the province. New Westminster
will undoubtedly hold her own amongst the
trio.    A shipping port lying in the midst of
Of the province, on a navigable river sheltered
at the month and traversing the whole of the
and offal are received by a chute and carried From thence to the "cooling-room" for 12
thence into the gulf to be removed by the tide, I hours or so till they get thoroughly cooled off.
whilst the salmon pass on to the cleaning After which they are tested again, this time by
bench where they are received by other handa ( sound and "atacked" ior 10 days or a fortnight
and subjected to a thorough oleansiug and rinsing by clean and sparkling water kept in constant flow direct from the spring; then on to a
tank wherein is a slight pickle. Here they are
rubbed and scrubbed with a brush till the
alime and scales are all thoroughly removed.
From thence they are transferred to the ' 'fish
knives." This apparatus is so constructed
that a fish placed upon the bench is seized by a
numbor of revolving knives, set at distances of
four inches apart; thus, by one turn, cutting tbe
salmon into lengths exactly to fit the depth of
the can. From thence these divided portions
are transferred to another bench where are arranged men armed with long,  sharp knives,
in order to get thoroughly settled and cool.
They are then reteated again by sound and
pronounced ready for "lackering" This is
done to protect cam from rust, etc. They are
then tested again by sonnd, after which they
are labeled and boxed and the process is over.
It is impossible to say. Maybe in the capacious
belly of a shark, or on the arid plains of an
African desert; or, perhaps, the snow-capped
peak of tbe wildest Sierra. In palace or in cottage, in tbe heart of civilization, or the furthest limit of our frontier line, no one ever expresses surprise at unearthing a oan bearing a
label from the Fraser river.
and canneries and saw-mills have solved the
question of PTSpply. Where would our Western
cities have been to day, but for these two inventions ? It ia certain that our pioneers
could never have pushed on their lines, depending upon the ordinary food supply of bygone days; neither could they have obtained
tbe necessary shelter by tbe aid of the old-time
saw-pit. Our lines have been extended so
rapidly, and towns and cities have followed so
closely, that  even   the   modern  saw-mills oan
and at a given signal away it speeds up the incline with no more to say about it than a bound
fly drawn along the web to tha spider's den.
Following the log to tha platform above, you
will find some six or seven logs arranged In a
row awaiting exeoution. At a given sign, for ne
one speaks in this mysterious chamber, a
ready chain entwines itself around the trunk
like some trained python and places it upon
tbe execution carriage, with as much ease aa
you would lift a baby to your knee.    Here tbe
a . ^ .  t. . ,
scarcely turn out tbe lumber and ready-made i bugs log, sometimes seventy feet in length, is
material quick enough to meet the demand for j securely placed in irons so that it cannot move
buildings that seem to grow out ol the very
sod. We have just taken you through
the home of one of Mother Necessity's
children—the gigantic canneries of the Fraser—
we will now endeavor to show you the home of
another of her children, namely, the
or struggle in the coming ordeal. The gauge
is s»t to any thickness. At another sign tbe
carriage moves upon its deadly course. Upon
ita quick return ycu notce that a slice has been
taken clean off the side of the log; the gauge
is set sgain,   again it speeds along—another
" They ride the unsuspecting log."
Winnepog Loa-nc 8tu&9thing.
"Well, what do you think of British Columbia?" asks an old-timer of a fellow-traveler, as
they meet in the smoking-room of the Driard
Hotel at Victoria. "Why, I am simply delighted with it," replies the stranger, "but I
am even still more astonished than delighted,
if that is possible, for I had no idea that I was
coming intti such a country. I always understood that Victoria was a little Indian fishing
village, and thought that the Hudson Bay Company appointed one of its clerks to act as chief
magistrate of the district to keep things in
order a bit."
"Why, you surprise me," stammers the old-
timer. "You must have traveled a great distance, sir?"
"Oh, no. I live at Winnipeg, the first great
place you come to, as you travel from Victoria
toward the East on the C. P. K."
"Then jou must, indeed, live a very secluded
life, Bir, not to know more about British Columbia?"
"Oh, dear, no. So far from leading a
secluded life, I am, to a certain extent, a public man, being a member of the Winnipeg City
Council—and you may bet your bottom dollar
that the Winnipeg boys know bow to keep
tbeir eyes open—but the fact of the matter is,
however much we try, we can never find anything to read about this unknown land, and no
one ever comes along who knows anything
about it. There was a rumor onoe in Winnipeg that some one tbere had received a pamphlet about British Columbia. The City Council
immediately took steps to secure it, but after
diligent enquiry were obliged to give up"the
search, it having probably been sent to a friend
in confidence, with instructions not to pass it
"Well, this beats anything I ever heard,"
says the Missbanks; "you'll let 'em know
something about us when you get back—won't
you, sir?"
"Certainly, if I get back; but the fact is, I
am on my way to California and shall probably
stay there. A ahort time Bince I received by mail a
oopyof tbe San Francisco Journal of Commebck
containing such a glowing and detailed account
of San Luis Obispo county, and ooming as it did,
on the top of one continual and constant account in the liewspupers about the splendid
soil, the charming climate, tbe orange groves,
the sunny homes, the wealth and boundless
resources of California, that I could stand it
no longer and determined to go there myself."
"Weil, I must confess that is only natural,
but don't you ibii.k yon ought to look round
here a little 1 (fore going ever tbe border?"
"I thould like to very much, but my plans
are all now made, and I cannot very well break
through them. You see we don't hear anything abont this pro\ince till we gtt here; we
do not look upon the C. P. R. as leading to
British Columbia, but as the higbwoy round
the globe, to China and Japan, tbe Indies and
tbe Orient, to sunny California and tbe Golden
West of which we read so constantly, and however pleased we may I e with the place when
we get here, it is difficult then to alter our
plans, besides I am searching for agricultural
land, not logging camps."
"If that is so, you certainly ought to go to
New Westminster und look round thereabouts
before you decide on anything."
"New Wentminster?"
"Where is New Westminster, plfase?"
"Never heard of Now Westminster?"
"You rtally mnst pardon my ignorance, but
I certainly never have!"
"Well, that beats all," groaned old Moss-
banks. " Never heard of New Westminster'
Dear ! dear ! dear ! That beats all I If
you'll juBt draw your chair round into this corner here, light your pipe and make yourself
comfortable, I'll try and give you a few pointers."
A conversation somewhat on the above lines
actually took place between a British Columbian and a Winnipeg Town Councilman whilst
we were in the province, and we can vouch for
the fact that BritiRh Columbia is quite as little
known, even just across the border, as it appears to be in Wiunipeg. So little is the place
advertised or talked about that nine men oat of
ten, even in 'Frisco, hold Ihe same vague idea
of the country as did the City Councilman
living on the C. P. It. itself. .
Leaving the old-timer busily engaged in
"posting" tbe man from Winnipeg we will endeavor to give our readers tbe result of ouL9w^
observation and enquiry respecting New Westminster and the stirroundii.g country.
We approached New Westminster from
Nanaimo. Leaving the latter place at 6a. m.
we boarded the good steamship Kobert Dunsmuir aad bud u mot
Across tbe Gulf of Georgia.
The boat is oom for table, the bretze in vigor-
ating, the appetite almost pain'ul,  th» <*">"
abundant,    the   cooking   excellent,   and   the j
till it meets with the rapids at Yale, aft
passing which, it becomes navigable again,
rax vallet ir "new Westminster mstuict "
Extends alongside the river from the sea to
■ne rapids with in average breadth of ten to
niteen mi'es. The surface of tbe whole v lley
a*. ,w_lndeed. very little above the sea level.
At times, especially for a short time in early
summer, the upper Fraser river in the New
, eaimiaster district oveiflows a portion of the
lands during high fre.hets. And perhaps for
a tew hours at a time, two or three tiin-s iu
the winter the sea may cover some portions of
the lower delta for a depth of two « three
inches. To permanently »™"aiin these rich
tracts of land, thor**'°.e. all that is necessary-
is the con*»»*.ction of a few email dykes, a
mt.r» fcagats-lle to tbe clearing of the forest as
in other paits of British Columbia, or even to
oleaumg out the "Monte" in some of the richest parts of California. The climate is sufficiently moist without being too dry. Malaria is unknown.    The  giant cedar,   Douglas
rich agricultui al valley fur a stretch of some |
hundred miles or so, is bound to increase in
like ratio with her sister cities whatever may
be their growth. Every brick laid in Vancouv
er, every enterprise started iu the provinoe
shonld be a natter of rejoicing to the royal
city. The sooner will necessity bring settlers
to till the soil of her rich vaHeys, the eooner
will she reap to the fell the advantages of
adding granaries and woolen mills to her oan-
neries and sawmilis till the latter, now so prominently forward, will siuk into utter insignificance, lost in the surroundings ot the products
of the soil.
The only thing New Westminster wants  is a
leaven from the states
To see to it that the world kuows that there is
such  a  place,  and    that within  sight of her
fir. Western hemlock, Menzies fir, large leaf
maple, and other trees thickly cover the land
in parts, whilst in other ports tbere are large
open areas, especially in the aea shore municipalities, an also in tbe riverine municipalities
furth.r.back from the banks. The soil mostly
is of a deep black earth wIlu a clay subsoil,
and large tracts of alluvial soil farther up the
Fraser. Clay loamB and light sandy loams ore
also found in parts. The various soils whether
delta, alluvial, or otherwise, are all
extremely fertile though some may be more
readily exhausted than others. However this
may be, the most splendid crops ate to be met
with in every part of the district alike. . Out
of the
In this district, not ono acre  in%5,C00*is as'yet
under cultivation, although all or nearly all of
] busy port, foitanes await those who put their
skill, labor and energy into the  rich   soil  that
surrounds tbem.   As it is, tbe ruling idea in
! tbe town appears to be   that   the  citizens   are
' better off by keeping  themselves well,  out of
mind and cut of  sight.    A bootmaker  miybe
! thinks that by letting   outsiders  know of  this
! rich  valley  some  other  cobbler  will  get   to
I know of it, too; tbe saddler, perhaps, wishes to
I "keep things quiet " for the same reason, and
; so   from   store   to   store and house  to  house.
The   bootmaker, for instance, forgetting  that
1 although he may bring in another cobbler he
I adds at the ssme time one  hundred  customers
I or so to his list, until at last tbe valley settled
and the city  grown beyond alt recognition, bis
own   little   stool  and    oobbler's  awl    are no
longer to be found in the surroundings of his
wholesale store.    Sdbob  will not permit of our
the Fraser river delta is " taken up." Lind
cleared, and more or le>B under cultivation,
may be purchased here for from f 25 to $G'J an
acre, according to loca'.ion. etc.
The yield will bear comparison even with
most parts of California.    The  yield  per acre
Oats, 50 to 120 bushels; barley, 40 to SO
bushels; hay, 2 to 4 tons; turnips 40 to 75
tous; potatoes, 8 to 30 tons; wheat, 40 to 75
bushels, according to soil and cultivation.
The current prices are oats, barley, wheat at
$30 per ton; hay, *18 to #25; potatoes. $20 to
$25; carrots, $15; eggs average from 25 to 50
cents, chickens by the dozen $:; to $8; turkeys.
30 to 35 centa a pound; home dairy butter, 25
to 30 cents a pound; h-me cheese, 15 to IH
cents a pound. Rich crops are often realized
even without cultivation, or at least cultivation
not worthy of the name—thus a jield of
three tons per acre of timothy in the twelfth
crop. A yield of eighty bushels of win at per
acre is slso on record.
Hops do remarkably well here, as also do all
fruits of temt.erate climate.        ...
The district, also, is purlicularly well-
adapted to dairying. Good natural hay and
grasses abound on the open lauds, animals
thrive well, and there is no doubt that stock
raising will shortly receive tho greatest encouragement and attention. In an interview
with Mr. Van Bramer, a resident heie for a
quarter of a century and more, we ascertained
that out of three or four millions of acres of
fine agricultural laud on the Fraaer river delta
and vicinity, not one-eightieth part was ns yet
under cultivation. Here farms might be bought
at from Jl" to $'10 an acre—that is, farms un-
det cultivation, having say 200 out of 500 at-riis
down in timothy-that would produce *40
ner acre per annum clear, without doing anything beyond sitting down and seeing the grass
"ito now $18 a ton, be estimated would be
S25 a ton before Spring. The yield wi I aver-
fgeSton.   to  an acre, and will cost  $4 50 an
a0Th,ereCUis*nod.n8ow worthy of mention. The
cattle require no housing and no feeding except of course, the milch cows, which have to
be fed a little.    It is
" A   BL'RNIN.l   SHAME"
That this valuable land should be lying waste
and crying aloud for cultivation just for the
want of a little printer's ink to let the starving
tenantry of the old countries know what a bo-
n,nza awaits them here. Any farmer Strug
3tog to make both ends meet and to pay his
?«.fwbo will sell out wh.lst he has anything
left o sell, and will bring out with b.m even
wo or three thousand dollars-say £o00 or
£600 even-in 10 years may be a comparat.vely
" Thesis plenty of land under cultivation in
C. ifornia to be bought for *->00 an Bcxa. Ithai
will produce that amount clear per annum, a
man thus
But here he Ban do the same off one
year's crop by giving $40 an acre, instead of
$2(0 Now, suppose he invests $10,1100 in
California land at $200 ho will have> purchased fifty acres, but if he invests $10 000
here at $40 an acre, be will have purchased .»0
acres. Now, the market here at meat is com-
oaratively small, the land not settled up, the
towns in their infancy; but with the magnificent future before British Onlnnibi., the rsp.d
development of the country, that must follow
toe construction of the new lines, tbere is far
1 dwelling looser on the agricultural advantages
• of the district, but let us now introduce yon
J to some of
We  are   bound   to   confess   we entered  the
I work* severely prejudiced against those "tinned
j thinge " and emerged from the  other  end ab-
; rtolntely and entirely converted.
[     Everything   is   kept   as   clean   aa   a   prize
dairy and any one who cannot enjoy
; a meal off canned salmon mast have a screw
j looae somewhere.
I A vi-it to the canning interests of the Fraser
! we rank as one of the most interesting features
' of our trip.
A spin down the Fraser river is a pleasant
' enough outing anyway, but when you have a
; jolly little steam launch all to yonrself,
' the "Salmon   King"   as  your pilot,   and   the
most perfect day that ever an Indian summer
i produced, you possess a combination forenjoy-
, ment not often to be met with.
The whole stretch of the river ia dotted here
1 and trier*1 wi*h bnsy fisherma* in their skiffs
; and boats and picturesque canoes, whilst every
! mile or two the outline of some cannery, large
or Einiil', adds life and beauty to the scene.
! Here and there a stretch of level bank with
! Indian t-ncampm*-nts, their white tents and
I rugged shanties standing out in bold relief.
! whilst the foliage of the forests that line the
t bank now in its brightest tints, give a warmth
and color to the scene enough to turn an nrtlBt's
j head. The bright reflection of the red and
' o:ange maple leaves in the sinning placid
i waters of the river, tempered here and there by
j the cold grey of the rugged mountains in the
I distance, combine to make a picture that will
ifnsten itself upon your vision for a lifetime.
| If we   had listened to Pencils we should have.
ta!;en several daya  to accomplish the  journey
At tvery bend of the river there was well-nigh
j a mutiny aboard bi cause we would not stop to
; let him "slap it in."
Well, in due time, we arrived alongside the
; wharf and a
The last boat had just come in and was  dig
! charging  its  shining  freight,   whilst   on   the
I landing were carefully arranged  in  long rows
i some   2000  or  more  of the finest salmon that
j ever grabbed a fly.
Indians are employed to catch the fish by
| morns of what is known as the "gill net,"
| making quite a nice little harvest during th*
! season. The company finds the boats, the
! nets, an'1 all necessary outfit, and pays tbe Indians 10 cents each for all the fish (big or
small) that they may bring in.
Are first transferred from the Indian's boat to
the landing stage, from thence to the "counting stage," where they are all arranged in lines
or rows and counted. They are then ready for
manipulation and pass on from stage to stage
going through the several departments with th-
same regularity as if passed through some huge
machine—going in at one end of tbe cannery
before they are yet cold and emerging at the
other thoroughly preserved and enclosed in
hermetically sealed cans, each weighing 1V£
poumls. labelled and packed in cases of 48
pounds to a case, all ready for shipment.
From the counting platform they pass one
by ono into tbe hands of the "splitter." usually
a Chinaman, whose dnty it la to split them
open to remove the entrails and offal, the head,
tail and fins. An expert Chinaman will readily
"slit" as many as 3000 a day.     All the heads
who deftly cut these divided portions into still
smaller parts (lengthwise), so cutting them as
not to interfere wiih the length of the pieces,
which, by the "fish knife" apparatus have
already been cut tc the exact length of the can,
but in a manner so that each can may secure
the right proportion of the rich, fatty or underneath portion of the fish to accompany the
fleshy or back portion. The fish thus cut up
then reach the "fiiJing table."    Here
An 1 each can receives a fair quantity of back
to a proportionate amount of tbe fatty p.trt.
and so packed that they exactly and tightly fiii
the cm. Then on to the "weighiug department," where each can is "tested" to see that
it is properly filled—in which case it weighs
exactly 1 lb 4 oz. From themco to the "wining
table," where each  <"•** *s thoroughly wiped
: '^^.
Thanks to our kind host we spent a most
delightful day on the Fraser and in our investigation of these interesting works.
But for her canneries what would the' 'enterprising West" be to-day? There has been an age of
bronze, an age of iron and some say an age of
wire, but wo think that this age may with
equal force be called
Our tin cans are the pioneers of civilization
and of enterprise. What mighty results have
been accomplished through their aid! The
spot now la not of much value where a tin
can has not found its way. Not long since a
party ol explorers found themselves after a terrible struggle and many privations, at the top
of tbe highest peak of a new and apparently
unknown region. Not a trace of civilization
or of man had   met their  eye * for weeks and J
Come out with us to the river bank near the
railroad depot, for there we shall find the
buildings we are about to vi*-it, near and handy
to current and tide, to road and rail—in addition to which the compiny has just now
completed a new switch and carried a line of
rails right through the very center of their
Ah! See here. We are some distance yet
from the mills, but already are there traces of the
gigantic enterprise. These graded roads we are
on, rising so many feet above the surrounding
swamp, are nothing but layer upon layer of
sawdust with wood and shingle foundations.
Ah! Now we are getting nearer; winding and
dodging round piles of planks and bundles of
laths,   a  very    labyrinth   of   gang-ways   and
slice is gone. On its return the python again
seises it and turns it round on to its flat, cut
surface. The next side is then treet»d in the
same way, and thus nil all four sides are
square. The gauge is then net to the r» quired
thickness, so that the pit-ce to be sawn < tf will
exactly fit the "gang raw," Again the
carriage passes np the t'ack, this time depositing a squared and m*st*ive pieoe of timber on '
tbe rollers beyond. 1 he*e rollers take their
burden straight to the opening of
Hitherto the saws whose work we have been
watching have been two circular saws of GO in.
diameter, set one above the other so as exaotly
to meet in their line of cut. Tho gang-saw
that now takes up the game is an ingenious
contrivance, whereby a given number of saws
work together in a gang—the motion being ap ]
cannot show you half there is to be seen hire.
We must, however, let you have a peep at
Before we go. Tbere are five engin*-.. altogether and six boilers. The larg »t engine
la about 'i50 horse power and baa
a 14-inch cylinder and Ali stroke. The
fires are kept going alt night because
of the drying rooms. The furnaces may
be said to be self-supplying, for the nawdust
from the mill is the only fuel. This is brought
down a chute direct from the saw and three
men are engaged in feeding tbe fires.
We should mention that the Hoyal City
Planing Mills have
two rcLLv FQrrrrKn saw hills
H*re. one for local trade aud one for foreign,
as also another at Vancouver. The company
has decided also to en ct another mill up the
coast capable of cutting 200,000 feet a day, to
be devoted exclusively to export business. Tbe
company, however, already employ some 400
men, aud their enterprise is far reaching. We
noticed oars loading for Montreal, to tbe Barney Smith Manufacturing Co. at Dayton, Ohio;
to Winnipeg, Calgary, Brandon, Fort Arthur
and other distant points. With reference to
the home market we may mention that they
make all the boxes for the canneries, having a
regnlar box departmert, thus ini'linc hand in
hand with their sister pioneer indnetry.
The company also has three a. ..mrr* for
towing lo^s from their logcii g tamp?, and keep
a fluctuating stock here valued at from a quarter to half a million dollars. Such, then, nre
a few particulars of one of the chief industries
at New Westrrinst*»r—indeed of the province.
No I ne can pay a visit here without d< riving a
very great deal of pleasure as well us information, and will be Bure to exptrienee a n«o*t
h-arty and oordial reception from Mr. John Hendry, tbe court* otis manager, as will us every
politeness and attenion from the employeea.
In addition to the above industries a
Has been established here under a bnnna fr m
the city of $1,000, and $3,000 from the
province.    Close by la tha
Having Mr. Kobert Law as i Mprietor. Al
sorts of general foundry vork is done here,
suob aa the casting of cogwheels and all aorta
of castiug and tbe lise, It is at present the
only foundry on the mainland.
Besides the undoubted future befoie this
place aa the great agricultural centn* and all
that is implied by that phrase, we should not
forget to mention
That already fill i » New Wentminster's share.
Here, for instance, is one of the' Dominion
Penitentiaries, and when we consider that tbere
are only five in the whole Dominion, some idea
of ita importance may be formed. Then here
also is the provincial prison, tho insane asylum
and the State hospital, b« sides a convent, a large
hospital attached thereto, and a convent schiol.
Here also resides the Anglican Bi^nop of the
Diocese and tbe venerable Archdeacon.
Now prisons and a-ylonis may not be very
interacting institution*-, but they all have to be
provisioned, and help accordiugly to fill tbe
pockets of tho merchants; lor it must
be renumbered that prisoners and *lli-
ch U alike r*quire food and el 'thing.
Such large and important buildiugs and institutions, moreover, are not pi toed by the dominion Government except iu positions tbat command them both at the present time and as
looking to the future.
Again, here is the Dominion Land Office for
this province, aa well as the Local Uovcrnmeut
and cleaned. Then on to the "toppers,"
who put on the covers ready for soldering.
After this they are passed through the "soldering department." Here, by an ingenious contrivance, the cans gradually pass through a
"crimper," which fastens down the covers, on
through a chute, where the ends to be soldered
pass over a wick filled with muriatic acid and
water, fed by a fountain attached to the chute.
Thus on through a narrow channel of molten
solder, so arranged on a slope that the edgo
only of the can to be soldered rolls in the molten solder. From thence to another chute
-.bout 4(1 feet long, placed on a gentle incline.
By the timo the cans have rolled to the end of
this chute the solder is cool aud hard, and the
can is thus hermetically sealed. The cans are
then placed upon an iron tray or cooler—eaoh
holding  164  cans.    This truy and its contents
weeks. In the excitement of the situation the
leader of the band mounted the pinnacle of a
sloping rock and addressed his companions,
pointing out the beanty of the scene, the rich
valleys that stretched away beneath them, th-'
gurgling rivnleta, the well watered plains, and
"spread himself" in his peroration upon th-
success that ever waits upon a noble perseverance and the pardonable spirit of rapture and
pride that now fi,led their souls as they contemplated this rich region from a spot where
never before the foot of man had trod. To
emphasize his words he turned to wave his
hand along the line of tbe magnificent horizon
when his foot dislodged what he had mi-taken
for a stone, half buried in the s?anty soil. It
glistened aa it rolled off from tbe slope of the
rock. In eager haste the explorers picked it
up  and   found an    empty   can!      History
paths. Ti ing and unpiiing. one con*-t >nt beehive of industry, one perpetual current of
circulation. Yard-hands, with thtir quaint ki'id
of truck—a sort of long, narrow, balanced barrow, with two little wheela in the eeTiter
acting as a pivot—are loading up from the mil
ani cirting to the pd-^s; o>her*, are car ing from
the piles to the barges at the wharf or otherwise aa occasion demands in busy suocraaion,
generally two men ho a barrow. These, are
public roads running through th - y.irds, bnt see
the people are nevtrtbVess cannoned on every
hand: "No smoking!'' "No taking to the men
whilst at work."
Now come with ns round here to the river
trout. See that "tug" awav up the river? Well,
you may notice she is towing some mass behind
her floating on the water. Those are logs she
is fetching  down   from one of theoomptny'a
and down in-tead of circular. In passing
thronph thiff mill the tin.tier is entirely a*-gre-
ga'ed at one passage, being cut into as many
boaids •■ tbere are sawa at the r- quired thicknesses (1 inch or 2 inch, as the esse may be, according to tbe distance the saws nay be stt
Thus, in a few tninntis after the huge log
is seized in the "boom" at the bottom ot the
drag," it emerges at tbe other aud of the
tcill cut into boarda of a staple thicknese and
width hnd cated rff by the yardbanda to la?
piled or shipped as directed from the effiej.
Tbe gang outs ' h b ardn at a timer and
turns out a>>me 5" to 60,000 fe*-t a day! It ia
one continuous syst' m . > o department has to
•rait for another, and no one can r-t.nd idle for
a moment.
Now, let us walk round and see some of
the sit x bbows,
For there are a number   of other   wonderful
machines lure, and perhaps more than  yonr
imagination boja. dreamed of.
Here, for in-tance. is a 'shingle mill." a cir-
cnUr aaw that just suips off shingles of the
reqnirtd thickn^as ami shape to tbe tune of 30,-
00'> a day. This requires enly two men to
work, viz., a man to watch  the aettmg of the
is placed in the "testing tank," where, through
the application of water of a right temperature, any flaw in tbe can or soldering is quickly
discovered. In case of a flaw the can is put on
one side for inspection and remedy, aud is then
relegated to an inferior grade.
The sound cans piss on to the "boiling
tank," where they remain in boiling water for
1 hour and 10 minutes at a temperature of 212
degs. From thence to the second testing tank,
where they aro put through similar tests.
Thence to the "steam retorts," where they remain for I hour and upwards, according to the
size of the fish, under a steam pressure of from
20 to 30 lbs., thus completely cooking the bones
and every part, so that the entire contents of
the can may be eaten.
The cans are then dipped into lye and water,
and from thence are transferred to the cooling-
tank, wherti they are again thoroughly cleaned.
d^ea not record, but it probably once contained a label from the Fraser river-
There are Fome twelve or fourteen of these
inmense canneries on the Fraser river, and be-
aiiea the ordinary labor inside, it is from this
scurce that the Indians mainly depend for
Ueir living, and as showing tbe effect upon
ttis city, we ascertained that the Indians nlone
hive been known to spend as much as 412,000
in one day in the city of New Westminster.
Now let us introduce you to the lumber interest.
Whan residing under the shadow of the two
"inva-ntiona" that wait upon the primary
" lecessities " of onr Western pioneer life, it is
alaost impossible not to moralise. On the frontier, food aad ah el ter are the two main demands.
logging camps,
kraaled in the
Those  loga   will  shortly  be
water   enc'o ore,   called   by
There to the left of the boom ii where they
cipture the logs and drag them ha for execution
Soo 1 they're after one now. Ju«t notice bow
those men w th their long polea hop, skip and
jump over the water from log to log and cut
out their victim like a cowboy wiih a steer.
Mark their graceful pose as they ride the unsuspecting log towards the trap prepared for it
at yon dark and frowning opening. At last
the massive log lies passive and obedient at
the entrance to
Hook0, made of the finest steel and fastened
by couplings to an endless obain, Stixe the
mammoth log in a claae and firm embraen.
gauge after each stroke of the saw, and a boy
below who takes thr shiugle as it falls Hnd pma
it under the "trimmer," and works with the
same regularity as tbe machine itself. Here
are the Uthe men that turn out—we are afraid
to say how many an hour. Then on through
the "factory." Herein a mortising machine,
whilst here is the m.chine that roak. . tbe tenon
to fit in the mortise There m the ' m uld«r"
and there it* the "shsptr' -every ingeuions
contrivance tor moulding* *. r t>oth>c* and
the like. Indeed, wood may be moulded by
this machine to any shape th*>t may be designed, anch aa fancy mouldings for tev.a, cornices, and the like.
There ia a "diagonal planet" for finishing
oft doors. In passing through this machine
the doors eome out not m* rt ly pUned but rubbed off with sand \ aper
Then we pass on to the "elonr-demp;" that
machine close by is the "ten plen-r" for making circular raooldings, bev. led sdajaaj and the
like. Then pn*a we np into the finishing room,
where are seven benches with men hard at work
finishing off and flung together door, and window sashes, ordinary or extmordiuarr, Gothic,
or Norman, Queen Annie, or Yon
may notice some over there for a
new church in Winnipeg. Now, on
through the turning-room, where they
arc turning out bslnsters and newel posts, curtain-rods and bed-posts, « rooks. n\a-a for fishnets, and no one knows what all. Then on
through the grazing room. Over there you may
notice some plate glass. This is the first ear-
load of plate glass ever shipped to this city.
There are the drying houses, sewn of them
in all, with thousands of feel of atfam-pipe
coil-d under tbe floor.
Over there i»re the machine and work-hops
employing one chief and three bUekemitha and
three machiniats. H-ra la a email engine to
drive the turning lathe, the strum drill, etc pinning-mill ynu ere hss jnst be an
brought In to undergo repairs Then tbere Is
the filing room where three men are kept con
stantly engageel in filing saws. Th-n the
knife-grinding room, wh*re all tbe edged to la
are ahar»uned. Here you may e'and snd
watch the sparks fly from the emery with the
ssme pleasure as any boy over his first Catherine wheel. Over there ia the "cook honae"
where all bands have their "grub," beyond yajaj
may just see tha "oabina" where the a.nglr
men may aeeure a room, rent free, if thry so
desire. Next tha "eook-hon-e" ia tha general
stave tfteUaglBej te th* werU,   bnt we reetl/
Agency. Hence, alt governmental business for
t' e province, inclusive of the di pi k»1 of all
Government land, must be tran*act<d here.
H'realsnia tbe l'r. steal 1 Land Ofitm, Tho
Dominion Timber Insp. ctor's i flier, and here
aiso are* tbe headquarters for the tilegr.q h r-ya-
tem of the whole province
Is supplied at present Horn springs found in
tl e adjoining hills, ns pure as crystal und as
cnul a» can be imauineii; but a sclit i.n* is tow
under«rati< n tot bringing tbe watt r
from Cr.quitlan mm*, a natuial te*-e'rvoir of the
inoi-t perfect »at*r and sufficient to supply a
- ity as bit. as Lone'on Use It with In r 0,0 «'.< t "
inhabitants. 'ihi-* sebum- can be carried
through readily and at a very musII exp MB*
Such then are some of tbe more i-alient p> il p.
1 f interest centering round New Westntii *trr.
Tha Royal t ity with its bouses aud atotaaj
will be found more minutely described iu au*
other article.
We tnn-t wa have auid enongh to indicate
That it holds nnd will continue to hold in this
magnificent province.
Her forests aud her fish are practically inexhaustible, her ngricu.tural land is only
equalled by ita unexceptional facitnit s of location, and in fact, tbe BO*a1 Ott)* but one
thing to make her rich, powerful and gnat,
and that ia for the world to know ot her
i \1-t1 nee.	
Tho   Brunette   Saw Mill.
One of tha Lanea! and moat plctnceaojoa saw-
mi in m 1 lie l'iu\ in. .■ 1- situate on the 1 Nvsar 1 ■
to  the iiorta'cn-t. .111M   OQtatde   the  eii>    limits  of
Nfw \\vetmiubter, Ootnaj UmlietwHrd b| road
about a mile from the postofllce, you rantelotae
►.(Kit a hers in ] aaia gem by the llojsl Kngtnaaca tluir heavdquartef*. Mill Lnown u "l ha
Camp.' anit cv( n \ct maiked by the debrta of their
huts.   Here'  juu  may well   real awhile, tat  Mm
have a RMSX HBBIIIlllIU view both of the river.
« bJcfa lake*- a *diari' la ml at thin point, and ol thr
mo. ni'iii , which here present a ino»t iUikJngatt'
penranev. with their rugved peaks »n*t •mgiu toal
i*ooes. rvieneltiig bacli int'i the « Aiieme uiatance,
and evideuil* in some Instances reacbtnai to a
ureal sltiliulc. In front him! Ih low \mi. nestling
in the valley   4. le-se alniiKSiue  the n\er.   is 1 he mill
ot the Brunette Oompan).    Ihe Largs « hue betid-
hiRjuet bejontt Is (he l^aidla^ CaJUsery* Ofte ol tha
two on the 1 rase 1 river under tha manniretvu't.i 01
of Mr. J. A. Laidlaw; this cannery, m tact, being
ho awn nraaaart) entirely,   (to »lo-*e togrth*r ere
the mill and eannei> ihM at   tli>1   > ou   max almost
mtataka them far one twterprtee ihe mtll. until
Lately, was owned b) i»* Beck Broe h Oo , a*d has
only been reoeaU) Im orparatad aa a limited
bsbiln> company,
Wa weremnchpsaaaad wuh oor  \itdt.   Erar)
thing la in Ural imie order here.    The main engine,
LBj.ll, was built m the   Albion  Iron v\ orka m\ lo
urn.1.    rhiaennina La ensragett enttmbj   In dm mg
tt.esaw.    Aiu'lher eii*.iin , LtXlR, hiu nds Ui all 1 he
I rank of the work, nameb, *'i" two trtmmara. the
two planers, tha edejer, the shingle mmhine, tha
join* r ihe bene li w» and umi aawduai nuivnywa*
Thr ws.t i r te conveyed In a oonil till pipe from a
laaaBrvnir un an adjuintitaj bill. t<> wtuoa menus
liirj nut oni> secure sii the water thai
require without an> psmintng, bm an
mar to the attitude ol ihe BmHng than.
secure areul pressure and oan carrj alsr-err,iel Iron.
the hyatmnta ov** nnj pan of then buildings A
tidal atrwam, tbe Brunette, cute in al the back of
the mill ■•* hit '1 1* of greal assistant e. ss K) bringing
thr booms up this stream th. > areenah ed i«« lean
the mili trem the rear. Asa n Milt oi thtathe lumber
Ls lOiiiiniied down 1 be rollera in n t-trai^ht lined!
rcct from the aawa to the steamer or scow ai the
srhairf, thus saving considerable labor The
srejodandauwdusfia ahn taken direct tothafm
naee br means at a « but*, ir, which works an rnd-
teta chain with slats ai short intarvmla, tnni
UnuaJlj shoving along the refuse pmced in 'he
chnte, and dumping It into the iSirnaoe, tnni ir
.rntly all thla work had lo be aceomnllatied by
hand. Here am save the ' Kwarl link In ana he
the nisi time an Ingrulous contrivance In which
links nuii   be   taken out or   a* laura,
and without the am lleat trouble,   This mill turns
out a nival mmij boxeshutb roc ihe fruit  tradr
w«U » for the canncrlee,   The 001 pan) also ma
eifsei are here e\i rythtngi 1 BiilshtnnoaTn
house, snob as ail sorta ol moutdinirs. guttera, 1 us-
tics. guthlea and the like, and hai e a large sloe k on
hand of rouarb ami drraaed tnmbe r    They nil also
am   order** for doni>.\\ nutow t, moU.dtngB, slniiylea
•.hake.*, latha, et« . m well n* allscrtaof tun
scroll Hawing or anythlna In the wood in.
hmMmil; puruoeeeal the towee! rates.
Kastern   im n   WOttM   Lss   ml lier   surprised   to him*
Borneo! the boarda turned oui here, lour tee 1 and
anwarda in   breadth   ixhir  nnibmn   uncommon.
Ivecompany's wlinrf i« over csm feel  long- hero,
and   the   WOWf   deep enough   lo  10 enmumdatu   su
Alien liner.
The) have also a \ er> handy lua;, christened lbs
Iris, as well as several scow*., and deliver nt any
point up or down the 1 i\ Bf
They turn out about nXOOf a day. Tbrlr export
trade lies prlnctnaUl al Calgarj . but LhO) ttbosend
h . oti«iderable shipment to PorontftV
The oomneny knap a tin. timiinir Block at Ihrlr
Brunette null valued at from 91(1.0H0 to g 18,(100. In
connection with tha mill in the unusl
hou««o " and eabins. as well as a Btore supplied With
a general line of grocortaa, provisions, blankota,
cloTbiuK, ami the like.
Thr company s Imaging camp Is situate st Mud
Ba>. about thiri > ir Ilea owtant, and ihe company
aro alao oponina: up another al Pit l.nkr.
The company have also established a branch yard
st Vancouver, where they carry about gifidOQ
worth of stttck. \ telephone conn acta the two
oilcan The local market keeps the mill -. ai v busr.
but there is DO doubt that a large foreign sea trade
might Im* done here, neelng Ihe advantages of the
unique river facilities by reason or its protected
moatb anterlng into au .alaae sss,*ns\ll*» great
Continued from Ftfth Page.
New   Westminster.
Until a year ago, Westminster was the only
city on the mainland of British Columbia, and
by far the most important trade center. Vancouver is now a city of great possibilities, and
will doubtless take a share of the provincial
trade from her sister on the Fraser. BecauBe
one hears so much about the city of Vancouver,
however, it by no means follows that it is the
only place on tha mainland worthy of special
[slaud of Vancouver, Bishop Ridley being
aonsecrated for the diocese of Caledonia, comprising the northern portion of the mainland.
Bishop Sillitoe taking his title from the royal
city, his diocese being the southern part of the
The total number of the clergy of the Church
of England ia now thirty-eight.
Other relieious bodies—the Roman Catholics,
Methodists, Presbyterians, and Baptists have
their ministers and places of worship, not only
in the larger towns, but as well in the outlying
agricultural districts. The system of education is tbat known in the eastern provinces of
the Dominion—the free school system. There
are, however, good private schools for both
P.   S.   Curtis'&   Co.
If any of our readers should at aby time find
themselves at all "under the weather** when in New
vVestnifnster. we would advise them to go right
straight to the "Medical Hall" on Columbia street,
near the Colonial Hotel.
Mr- Curtis not only keeps the best and most reliable drugs, but himself, personally and carefully,
compounds the prescriptions. In fact, he has the
largest prescription business by far on the mainland.
Mr. Curtis has the entire confidence of all the local
doctors, and is recommended by the faculty, both
far and near. He does a very lance wholesale and
retail business here, and his drug store is the largest and best fitted in the city. Here also will be
found a full assortment of all articles usually kept
notice. The city of Westminster is on the
Fraser River about sixteen miles from i
mouth. Tbe site waa chosen by the late
Moody, of the Royal Engineers, and the^koiue
ia certainly most complimentary to Ijffc judgment snd foresight. The bank of the river at
this point rises gradually to a hight of between
two and three hundred feet, and the situation of
the city is both beautiful and very healthy.
Mount Baker, in Washington Territory, ia
easily seen, and to the east Are the coast
ranges, forming a fine background some
magnificent stretches of landscape. The climate here is much the same as that of Vic-'
toria and Vancouver, with the difference that
the cold moist winds from the ocean are considerably tempered by passing over sixteen
miles of land before reaching the •* royal city.*'
The population of tbe city is about 4,000. In
it are located the Provincial Penitentiary, the
Provincial Asylum, a large central prison and
two hospitals. Nearly all religious denominations have churches and regular services. The
Roman Catholic Church is tbe largest and
handsomest in the city. The Church of England is a massive stone building, snd it possesses
the only chime of bells in the province—the
generons gift of Lady Burdette-Coutta. There
are also commodious churches belonging to the
Presbyterians. Methodists, Baptists and Reformed Episcopals. There is a college under
direction of the Episcopal Church, and the
Roman Catholics have a large convent and a
college for boys, as well as a fine hospital jast
completed at a cost of nearly $20,000. The
pnblio schools are graded and w<.ll conducted,
and there is also a high school for advanced
pupils. The PoBtofhoe and Customs Office is a
substantial brick block which cost $30,000.
There are also a large drill shed, Court House,
Land Office, Land Registry Office, Public
Library, and other buildings devoted to public
purposes. Hitherto the city has been without
a commodious public ball, the drill shed,
skating rink, and Firemen's Hall being scarcely
up to the times. An opera house is now in
course of erection, however, oup.ble of seating
1,000 persons, and the Odd Fellows are also
erecting a Urge public hall in their brick building. For fifteen years, up to 1881, there was
very little advancement made in Westminster,
but for the past aix yeara it has been going
ahead steadi'y. There is more money being
spent in building this year, by far, than has been
spea-'t during any former year of its history
Mostof the new business places are of bricks.
aud many of them present a very substantial
and creditable appearance. At the present
time there are no fewer than ten brick blocks
in course of erection, some of them being very
large and costly. In these there will be accommodation for about twenty stores. One of the
blocks will cost $30,000, and is the largest single
brick block in the Province. In addition there
have been erected this season a large number of
residences, some of which are very handsome.
The people of Westminster claim for their city
many important advantages which other cities
in tbe Province do not possess. It is situated
on tbe Fraser, whirh always has been, and is
still, one of the gr-at avenu-s of commerce. It
is alto connected by a abort branch railway with
tbe Central Pacific Railroad. Having both tbe
river and the railway, it is the most accessible
market for tbe pt-ople, especially of the Fr.i-er
v«Hey. which is largely settled, and is acknowledged t* be the finest agricultural district in
British Columbia. It is expected that the
northern extension of tbe American railway
system  will  connect with the Central Pacific
streets, a sketch of which building will be found
in these columns. From the opening in 1863 until
the present time, Mr. Isaac B- Fisher has been the
trusted agent at this branch, and has secured for
himself in the interval an enviable reputation, being highly esteemed and immensely popular with
his customers and fellow-citizens- A sketch of
Mr. Fisher's house also appears in these columns,
Mr. L. L Diane fills the position of accountant
We have referred at greater length to this banking
establishment in our articles upon Vancouver.
The   "British   Columbian.'
The British Columbian was founded in 1SS2
by John Robson. now Provincial Secretary
and Minister of Education. It is, therefore, one
of the oldest newspapers in British Columbia. In
1876 it was purchased by a joint stock company,
and changed from a semi-weekly to a daily. It al"
so issues a weekly edition for the country. The
Columbian regularly receives the C, P. R. and
Postal Union telegrams, and presents a very creditable appearance. It claims to have a larger circulation than any other newspaper on the mainland of British Columbia- 1». Robson, B. A., a
graduate of Victoria University, Cobourg. Ontario,
is editor and manager.
The   Colonial   Hotel.
One of the principal buildings in the city is tne Colonial Hotel. It is the largest and best appointed
hotel on the mam land, making up some 80 beds.
On the ground floor, entering from the sidewalk,
and communicating also with tbe hallway, is a fine
commodious office, used also as a smoking and
reading room. At the rear of the office is a large
billiard room holding three tables, and here also is
a well appointed bar. Tbe dining room is on the
floor above and is arranged to accommodate fifty
people at a time. On this floor also Is a well-furnished parlor with an excellent piano by Henry
Miller, of  Boston.
The #edrooms are lofty, light, airy and comfortable, and in fact, tbe whole bouse at once inspires
you with a confidence that here you may make
your headquarters with quiet and enjoyment
whether on business or on pleasure bent.
The house is fitted with every modern convenience including a telephone. A French chef looks
after your inner man, as only a French chef knows
how. whilst the service is excellent, the linen of
the finest and at all times kept spotleesly clean and
well laundried. The waiters are bright, attentive,
civil and polite. In fact, your every want is studied and everything is done to make your stay pleasant and agreeable. Mr. Luke Cither, the excellent
proprietor, has his eyes everywhere, and of course
to his controling influence is due the smooth working of the House and the oerfectsatisfactionof his
guests. He came originally from New York State,
about eight years ago, hut only entered upon his
present enterprise in April last,
In paying a visit to British Columbia—even if the
intention is merely to " pass through"—tourists
will miss a great deal if they fail to pay a visit to this
city and see its beautiful river and thriving industries, and in coming to this city a stay at this
pleasant hotel will be-not the least of its many attractions.
iu a drug store-toilet articles, perfumery, patent
medicines and the like.
Mr, Curtis came to New Westminster 13years ago
a member of the City Council and holds
the pdkyon of Chairman of the Finance Committee.   He%lso lately held the office of Secretary to
Of Interest to Intending Settler .
We cull the fallowing extracts from a pamphlet
issued under the authority of the Provincial Government:
The progress of the Northwest is one of the most
remarkable events on the North American continent within the last decade. It is an index of the
British Columbia (British), Washington. Oregon
and California (V. 3. A.), are the four principal
countries on the Pacific ocean side of the continent. These are fine countries, hut each has its advantages and disadvantages. British Columbia.
upon the whole, is the best of these countries to
settle in, for the following substantial reasons:
The demand for labor is great and wages high
Taking the whole year round, or taking a series of
years, the climate is more healthy and enjoyable.
The wheat, barley and hops of British Columbia
beat those of California, and her root crops beat
those of Oregon. Her grass-fed beef and mutton
are the best on the continent. British Columbia
has more coal and better coal, finer harbors, superior fish, sounder trees. Her mineral lands, con.
taining precious metals, are very extensive. The
public domain is sold cheaply; tbe taxation is immensely less: titles are securer; the Government
maintains free unsectarian public schools; the laws
are better carried out; tbe people hare as much
political freedom as any people can desire.
General advice can be given only as to the
classes of emigrants The application of this advice to special cases must be the business of each
individual himself. The same qualities are necessary to success here as elsewhere. Any other
notion will lead to disappointment.
The urgent requirements of the province at the
present time are men and money—the laborer, the
mechanic, the real farmer, dairyman, fruit-grower
or stock raiser, and the large and small capitalist.
Every man who is able and wining to work with
his hands can find employment at godH uxujes, especially those who are fitted for railway work.
There is scarcely an industry in the province that
!s not, at present, hampered by the scarcity of
labor. Railways, public works, mines, mills,
logging-camps, fisheries and farms—all require
more labor.
Any smart, active, capable man, with only a little money, but accustomed to work with his hands,
is sure to succeed in making a comfortable home
in British Columbia. Wage* are very high; land,
food and house materials are still relatively cheap.
If such a settler has a strong heart himself, and is
blessed with a common-sense wife used to country
vrork, he may confidently look forward to becoming even rich. He need not long remain in the
condition of a laborer. This certainty of rising in
the social scale must stimulate the emigrant.
To farmers" sons, or persons trith moderate
means, qualified for the life of a settler in a new
conutry. who cannot see openings in older-countries—who cannot go up, because the passages are
blocked —who cannot go down because their habits
*nd pride forbid, the varied resources of the country would seem to promise success, if they avotrl
whisky and are industrious and patient.
Farmers or other persons, with larger means.
will also find either tillage-farming, or cattle or
sheep-farming in British Columbia an agreeable
and profitable occupation. The country does not
yet feed itself. Why should a farmer in the old
country continue to pay rent, and remain under
the control of a landlord as a leaseholder or yearly
tenant, when, with one year's rental, he can purchase a partially prepared farm with buildings on
it, in the thoroughly British province of British
Emigrants from all nations are invited.
Aliens may hold and transmit land as fully aa
British subjects—may be naturalized after one
year's residence. Alien women are naturalized by
Bovill   Brothers
One of the handsomest stores in town is that of
Messrs. H. T. Read 8c Co., who occupy the center
of the imposing new Masonic Block. A sketch of
this building will be found in these columns and   Fographs kindly furnished us by the' Bovill Bros.
Are getting together quite an extensive business as
photographers. They show from their work that they
are careful observers of nature as well as of characters, and understand both how to pose their subjects for a portrait or what point in a landscape
would make the best study—weak spots in most
photograph era. They have very nice studios and
parlors on Columbia street.
The Queen's Hotel, the Masonic Block, the Back,
and Mrs. Fisher's house were all copied from pho-
scows, but they buy also very largely outside. They
employ in good seasons Bome 260 to 270 men inside
the cannery, besides the hands in the fishing camps
and boata. The cannery, a sketch of which will be
found in these columns, is situate on the Lion
Islands, the waters of the river flanking it on the
right hand and on the left. And no brand is better
known or higher valued than the "Lion Brand"
from the Lion Islands. The cannery has a superficial ground area of 22.000 feet- The main building.
under one roof, is 116x84 feet, a fish-cleaning room.
100x75 feet; the bath and wash-room, 100x32 feet;
they have here, moreover, a large shipping
wharf and a warehouse capable of storing
25.000 cases, and attached are the usual proportion
of net houses, store houses, offices, and the like.
together with the mess houses where all employed
in the establishment may refresh "the inner man."
Mr. Ewen has likewise an extensive fishing camp
situate on West ham Island, at the mouth of the
river, with houses and cabins for tbe men, and an
extensive and permanent line of wharf, a qnarter of
a mile long, for drying the nets and the like, Mr.
Ewen has spent his lifetime in the business, residing for the last twonty-flve years in British
Columbia. We learned that he fished for some
time for John Moir & Son, the noted salmon merchants of Abcrdeen.Scotland. It will be remembered
that these gentlemen were the original inventors of
the hermetical system of sealing goods, and it was at
their works that Mr. Ewen learned and adonted
their method of treating fish—a system from
which he never swerved during all the new departures and forced return to the good old plan, so
often experienced by his confreres.
Messrs. Robert Ward & Co.. merchants, of Victoria, are the sole agents for this popular brand
and have been so from its establishment.
The   Bon    Accord   Fishery    Company,
S:tuatc a short distance beyond the bend in the
Fraser river, just above New Westminster, Is another important cannery bearing the above legend.
The spot selected for this cannery commands one
of the prettiest views on the Fraser if not in the
Province. 1 he river narrows considerably just by
this point, and here doubtless the contemplated new
line of railroad will stretch its bridge. It is indeed
a lovely spot. Little islets covered with trees and vegetation dot the river, whilst the Cascade Mountains,
in the distance, here present a most magnificent
background, being exquisitely outlined, serrated
and biserrated, cold, barren, rocky, wild and picturesque in the extreme, with here and there some
snow-capped peak thrusting his proud head above
his fellows. The foothills from the middle distance,
green with magnificent timoer, sloping in undulating
lines and terrace upon terrace, till they bathe their
■ foliage in the river at vour feet. Mr. D. J. Munn
is the fortunate superintendent of this enterprise,
and holds a large proportion of the stock. Here he
has wisely built himself a pretty sunny home surrounded by thriving orchards and flowering vines,
enjoying to the full this Nature's paradise at the
very threshold of his interesting business. The
cannery has a ca-acity for about 2-5,000 cases, and
employs, all told, some 300 hands, with a fleet of 40
Boats The main building covers 100x140 feet, and
there are besides the usual complement of houses,
out-houses, cabins and the like. The river
steamboats pass close by the wharf and sail as often
■s desired.
A short at the back of the cannery splashes and dashes a sparkling mountain stream, the
home of the Dominion Salmon Ha'chery. This
stream flows into the Fraser just below the cannery.
The salmon eggs for this hatchery are secured some
50 miles or so up the river and are then brought
and deposited in this little stream cloee by the
stage till one would think they would «■*_•■ *■
■•Boodness away." If we could make sure that our
ow^?tc?enrat home, or our hotels or boardings
bosses we» one-tenth as clean as a sa mon.cannery we misrht even venture a personal inspection
fShESl Sr dinner. Each branch ofthe undertaking also goes on like clock-work rewlar^
thodical, everything to fit into j*£&»S.2k.£!
right time, from the making of the tin can at one
end of the house to the placing of the lid on the
packing case at the other.
The main building is 150x140 feet
Then there is
are rwpdly enforced—not winked at as with
us—and this, doubtless, is oat of the
main reasons why the British Columbia brands
are preferred to our own, and aceouau likewise tor the fact that eur own fishing grounds are more
apt to "give out** •
For instance, only fish of a certain sue are allow
ed to be taken. The murderous "wheel" which de-
atrovs the young fish also, is absolutely prohibited
No fishing, moreover, is allowed above tidal waters.
agent for^lthese various brands, and a bouse of
SS£,Tn^d«Sdo *«"5»*>n h« enormons^dVan-
Moreover, wherever Mr. Ben Young, the Salmon
the 7.,-v fist _Jhp ,arran^m^^ made to obtain
ine   very   beat   of  salmon,   the   ner-Rnnal Mtrn »••»*.
Uils or the business are undertaken by a masler
hand, and the result is the ever incre&iSgConfidence m these brands.   As we said .nbir*article
back of the cannery. About 10,000,000 suckeye" sal
mon eggs were brought down this year and placed
there to be hatched.
It is from this crystal stream that the water is
brought for this cannery—a constant flow, fresh and
pure and cool, for ever passing through the
cleansing tanks and water troughs.   No fear here
1—Harlock's Cavxery.
2—The British-Americax Packing Company.
3— The Wklu.vgton Tacking Company.
the cook house, the net house, the office, the cabins and the like, and altogether there is quite an
institution here. The cannery employs some too
men and has a fleet of about forty boats, besides a
tug and a complement of fish scows. The fish are
mostly caught at the mouth of the river In salt
water, and brought up in scows to the cannery.
This year the company put 'up 17,0<»0 cases, but in
good seasons the cannery has a capacity for at
least 30.000 cases.
The principal market is found in Great Britain,
The Qneen's Hotel,
Of which a sketch appears in these ns is
approaching completion, anil will be quite an
acquisition to the city. It is of a pleasing style
of elevation externally and) is commodious and
well planned and fitted with every modern improvement.
Mr. G. W. Grant, of this city, is the architect and
must be congratulated upon his work.
It is a three-story brick building situate on the
corner of Columbia and Clement streets. It con-
ains 45chambers, large dining-haU, bar and. bil-
Measr?. Rend & Co.'s Hardware store will be noticed as the center of the three.
Here will be found a very large and general line
of Hardware, Carpenter**' and all other trade tools,
agricultural hand implements, such as harvest
tools, spades, forks and tbe like, loggers' implements, saws—crosscut aud 01 hers-- p-iints, oils—lubricating and otherwise—ship chandlery, plated
articles, cutler}*, brushes, rope, bear and beaver
tnip-. ;un' in short every thing usually carried in a
large hardware establishment. Messrs Read &
Co. do a Urge business up country from whence
goods mayjhc ordered by mail and sent C..O. V. by
T.   I
Another retail establishment that we must no; for
get to mention is the hardware store of T. I. Trapp
& Co. on Columbia street.
Established here in 1886, they carry quits an extensive stock of general hardware, paints, oils, carpenters'and all other trade tools, cutlery, ahip-
chaudlery. and the like.
Mr. Trapp also carries on the business of auctioneer, and is considered a hard hitter. At any
rate he can knock down anything from an ox to a
city lot against anybody in the Province. His
services as an auctioneer are appreciated far and
near, he having quite an extensive business in the
inlying country districts.
Railroad at Westminster. The line from Seattle
to tbe boundary has been laid out, and the
Westminster Board of Trade holds a charter for
the connecting line between the boundary and
the city. A steam ferry or bridge across tbe
Fraser will enabU traffic to reach the Central
Pacific Railroad without breaking bulk The
river is navigable for ships of moderate draught,
tbe lowest water at the entrance being 14 feet at
extreme low tide, and about 34 feet at high tide.
It is navigable for stern-wheel steamers for 100
miles above the city. The Canadian Govern*
ment is now engaged in improving the river
month, and within a year or two it is expected
the entrance will be deep enough to admit any
vessel afloat. Tbe advantages of a fresh water
harbor are too well known to require explanation. Wharves built on piles at Westminster
will stand for thirty years, whereas in salt
water they are destroyed by the teredo in about
five yeara. At Westminster tbe rise and fall of
the tide is only About six or seven feet, which
means a very great saving in the cost and
trouble of transhipping freight. This city is
also the center of tbe fresh fish and fish-cunning industry. There are twelve canning establishments on the river within fourteen miles
of the city, and two establishments for shipping and freezing fresh fish. The city is surrounded also by extensive tracts of valuable
timber, and it has three large sawmills and a
large and very complete factory for producing
■ash, doors, and furniture. A woolen mill (the
only one in the Province), has been  built and
Snt in operation this season. The city is
ghted with gas, and will be supplied with electric lights before tbe end of the year. The
central < ffi e of the Canadian Pa -ifio Railroad
telegraph system a situ.ited here, and onm r,N
with the Postal Union. This office gives employment to sixt'-en operators, and is by far the
most import <nt in the province. Steamers
make daily trips from Westminster up the
river, and there are two steamers plying regularly to Victoria, one to N maimo, and several
to Vancouver. The Canadian Pacific Railroad
gives a daily train servi e from the main tines,
sod tW'> trains a day between Westminster and
Vancouver. The people of the royal ciry claim
that there is no city in Briti-h Columbia more
favor-ibly situated for trade and expansion, and
that the future fto them is very full of promise.
Hard room and offices, a gentleman's sitting-room,
a ladies' parlor; and is moreover supplied with
closets and bath-rooms on each floor.
We ascertained when in the city that the house
was in the market for lease for a term of five
yeara at «200 a month,with a reduction for the first
two years. If still in the market there is an excellent opportunity here for any wide-awake hotel
D-   Drysdale   ft   Co.
Occupy the finest dry goods establishment in the
city, having secured the corner store in the new
and imposing Masonic block. A sketch of this
building appears in  these   columns, and our read
Woods,   Turner   &   Gamble
viiiivii, uasa-rua 1. wiAALjr   ,i^;ac   a vi     call j    nt (ur;-antinr; jiui-xti .., . - -
man.   It is   the property of Mr. Duncan, of New   ers will notice that Mrmn. Drysdale have taken
Westminster. j the first store in the block.   Here will be found a
large, varied, and most complete line of dry goods,
and everything usually carried, or included under
that denomination. Mr. Drysdale is a man of
much enterprise and thoroughly at home in his
business, and it is evident after an inspection of his
stock and comparison of his prices that he not
only knows how to please his customers as an excellent salesman, but bow, when and where to buy
to the best advantage in every way. The new
and coroodious premises in the Masonic block will
unquestionably add not a little to his own business,
to the comfort of his customers, and to the credit of
the city.
Church s  and   Schools.
In 1359 the first bishop of Colombia was
consecrated, the Right Rev. George Hdls. The
Diocese of Columbia at that time being coterminous with the Province inclusive of Van*
conver Island- The bishopric and two
archdeaconries were endowed
(now Bsroness) Bnrdett oontts.
the      original        diocese        of
by Miss
In 1870
was divided into three—Columbia,
Caledonia and New Westminster, Bishop Hills I cIan^lhis. v!
Have the leading real estate business of the city.
Their office is situate on Columbia street, close to
the Colonial Hotel.
Messrs. Woods & (lo. have several very large estates under their management. For instance, that
of J. R. F'oord, about 10.000 acres, mostly agricultural, and other large estates, comprising farming,
grazing and dairying lands. as well as
valuable city lots, mining lands, timber claims, and
indeed properties of all sorts. They also hold several valuable agencies. amongHt which may be
mentioned the Western of Toronto, the City of
London and the Mtna. of Hartford, fire insurance:
the New York Life, the Travelers' Life and
Accident of Hartford, life assurance.
They are agents also for the Dominion Kxpress
Co.. whose business extends from New Westminster to Montreal, connecting in Montreal with the
National Express Co. for Kastern points.
Messrs. Woods & Co. inform us that a very large
quantity of fish and produce was shipped during the
lost season to Kastern Canada through this company.
Probably no one has a more intimate knowledge
of the country than Mr. Woods, his business as a
land surveyor not merely taking him into all sorts
Of nooks and corners, both far and near, hut insuring more careful observation than when traveling
through the country merely on pleasure bent.
Intending settlers and others visit ing this city
can, we are sure, depend upon receiving reliable
and valuable information as to the district and its
resources upon application to iVlessrs. Wood4. Turner & Gamble.
And    Wealth     of    Fisheries.
In another column will be found a long and minute description of the methods and workings of
salmon canneries in general, and we will now introduce our readers to some of the leading packing
houses of the Fraser in particular. Perhaps in British Columbia, at the present time
the rich harvests of the teas and rivers tmrpass
even the resources of the land. Her rivers and
inlets and land-locked waters, literally swarm with
fish. The rich Oolochan or candle fish (so
named from the Indians sticking it upright snd
lighting it as a candle, so oily and fat is it) shoal in
millions. Herring, though at present there is a
lull in the storm, sweep down upon you like the
Egyptian locust Trout abound in every stream.
Cod banks are plentiful and are superior to those
of Newfoundland, sturgeon and halibut are common at a hundred pounds in weight. Seals and
sea otters frequent the Straits of San Juan de Fuca.
and cen to fifteen schooners are entraged in sealing
with an annual catch of 10,000 fur seals, valued at
$10 each, besides hairy seals of less value- Whales
are numerous in the adjoining seas. The waters
everywhere indeed are simply alive with fish and
the supply of sea food is practically inexhaustible. But after all the finny favorites
glorious salmon — are the famous
province. and at certain
Fraser and other
ank. There are Ave
distinct varieties, caught in multitudes from April,
when they begin their Spring migration to the
headwaters of the streams, until the beginning of
November when the season ends.
The salmon-canning industry is one of the most
important on the Pacific Coast, and of the several
canneries found here, that of
Ewen   ft   Co.,
Of which Mr. -Alex. Kwen is managing director, Is
the largest, as well as the oldest established.   Mr.
fish      of      the
seasons      crowd      tbe
streams  from  bank  to   bank,
of stale or muddy water, or that the fish will be
canned without a proper cleansing.
Great Britain and Canada supply the principal
markets and the well-known popular brand is that
of "The Bon Accord."
Mr. Alex. Ewen hold.* likewise an interest in this
enterprise. Messrs. Robert Ward & Co. of Victoria,
are the sole agents for this cannery also.
After the salmon season was over this year Mr.
Munn tried his hand at fruit canning, and by way
of experiment put up just a few cases.
He is thoroughly well pleas d with the outlook,
and next year will probably make quite a feature of
this auxiliary enterprise.
We predict that this will be the forerunner of
quite an important industry. It will not only be a
great boon to the district as stimulating its agricultural products, but if it is found feasible, and we
can see no reason why not, it will meet one of the
present drawbacks to the salmon cannery enterprise
by obviating the necessity for closing down for so
long a period every year.
Fruit and vegetables can be taken in hand just as
the salmon season ends, and will thus keep the
hands together all the time to the great benefit, not
merely of the company and their employees, but to
the stores and general community of the towns and
cities contiguous as well.
We congratulate Mr. Munn upon his push and enterprise, and wish him every success.
A sketch of this cannery will be found in these
The Delta Packing Company.
Adjoining the wharf at Ladner's Landing—the
gateway to the richest agricultural district of the
Province—is situate one of the largest salmon canneries of the Fraser, near and handy to the hotel
and store, the village and growing centralization
of this valuable section of the country. Here
then are the headquarters of the Delta Packing
Company, of which Mr. J. A. Laidlaw is superintendent and one of the principal stockholders.
Besides the usual river frontage this packinghouse has the advantage of a small creek extending
along its entire side, flanking which are erected
the racks for drying the nets. In this little creek
you may notice a gay and busy scene-tho Indians
in their gaudy dresses, some cleaning the
monster nets, otheis hauling the nets from the
boats on to the racks to dry. whilst others yet again
in and round the net house arc mending old or
making new ones Men, women, and children of
swarthy skin and bedecked with bright red, blue-
yellow or green shawls or handkerchiefs are all
busily engaged earning their dollars and adding
their quota to the national prosperity equally with
the whites, their tomahawks buried and rotten as
a thing of the past,  never again  to be unearthed.
Q. W. Grant
Is the chitcct of the two largest business blocks
in tiie Province, namely, the Masonic and Odd
Fe lows' Block, in New Westminster, and the Wilson Block in Vancouver. The principal buildings
erected by Mr. Grant in Victoria are:—
The residences of Captain Grant, Mr. T. B.
Humphries and Mr. James Huthinson. In New
Westminster: the Masonic and the C. S. Scoul-
lar blocks, and the re idential houses of Mr. John
Henry, Mr. T. B. Pierson and Mr. W. J. Armstrong. In Vancouver: the Wilson block and the
private residence of Mr. W. B. Wilson. We congratulate Mr. Grant, both upon the excellent
character of tbe work as well as the pleasing style
of elevation, careful planning, and general
management. Mr. Grant is a thoroughly wideawake business man. who knows what he is about
and possesses withal the energy and capacity to
Mr. Grant reports
(of Columbia) receiving s. bi. diocese   ^l^^i^SS^9^^^9^^1^^
Walker   &   ShadweU.
Among the retail r-tore** we must not forget to
mention the Au Bon Man-he on Columbia street.
Here may be found a full line of dry goods of every
imaginable article usually carried under that denomination..** well as gentlemen's fumishinggoods
making afeo unite a specialty of gentlemen's hats
I bey have nuit.- an extensive stock of ready mads
clothing. Messrs. Walker •■*. ShadweU are not only
careful, obliging Kale»mcn. thoroughly conversant
with their business, but from a petVOOSJ inspection
<-f their stock it is evident t<> us that they know also what to buy and how to buv ii
They have a large trade, not merely in town hut in
the agricultural districts and in  the towns up the
line,    whence    orders    arriving  by   mail  receive
immediate attention, the goods being forwarded (
(). D. by express.
The   Globe   House.
One of the handMoinest stores in town is that of
Mr. W. Hnr, as above, on Columbia street Here
alsoinay l*e found, perhaps, the mostextensive stock
of dry goods on the mainland, including ja« kef I ami
skirts, ribbons and dre^s. umbrellas and hats as
a'soa large line of g'-ntlemens'furnishing gooils
niakingpnrticularlyatsoaspcciallyofinilliiierv. Mr.
Kaeisevidenlly a go^ ahead.enterprising man.'thoroughly at home at his bosfaesa, and as capable a
buyer as he is a painsfakinia-. rotir'eous salesman
The busy Ht>pcaran< e of his store bespeaks his popularity. He carries on a large business with the
inlying country and places up the line receivintr
orders by mail and dispatching goods C. O. D. by
express. We would refer our readers to a sketch
in these columns "A b t of Columbia street. New
Westminster. H. C." The Olobe House will be here
seen, next door to the Colonial Hotel.
James   Ellard   &   Co.
Occupv a very neat and commodious building on
the corner of Columbia and Mary streets Here
they carry an excellent line of dry goods, including
skirts and jackets and clonks, umbrellas, trunks,
valises, carpets, table covers snd the like, as also a
large assortment of ready made clothing and gen- | Kwen is. on this river at least the father
tlnrnens furnishing goods. They make also Quite A ' °f the fish trade Rwcns 8c Co's cannery
specialty of millinery, and many is the "sweet little has a capacity for 50.000 cases in good seasons, but
hat   turned out from this department. this year they put up only 23.000 cases, an imount
Their entire stock is excellent in every respect, 1 however, that far exceeded any other caniery In
and their prices astonishingly low. They do an e*x- big seasons the payroll runs intoST«,000to|S0,O00>or
tensive trade with the country districts and places more, which will give some idea of the magnitude
up the line of rail from whence orders may be sent of the enterprise and its effect upon trade ind com
by mail and the goods forwarded C. O. D. by ex- merce in the adjacent cities. The company keep a
pre** J fleet of forty boats, besides two tugs, and numerous
but considerable shipments arc made to Australia,
Canada, and even to Honolulu and South America.
The brand is well known as the "Maple l^eaf
Mnmil." which has always stood at the head of the
market and commanded a very ready sale. Messrs.
Welch. Hithft it Co., Victoria, of world-wide reputation as commission merchants, are the sole
agents of the company. The sketch of this cannery which appears in these columns is taken from
the shore side, just across the creek above mentioned.
. meal off canned salmon of Mr. Youngs pack.
Ana  u»o   Fraser  River Municipalities.
On the Sumas i» the, but Terr ! on the canning interest... a must have a screw
little fishing is, in fact, done above eisht milea from ! |™| _"5mf "J^t.^0.'^,"?,".' sJUjftLS?'''
Westminster.   The greatest  part of the  fishing  is:*"
done a. Mi. sandheads at the three different outleta
of the river, l»a.i,. Canoe Pass, North Arm and in I
the main channel.
The company has three mat. '..lildings here, one
40x60, a second 120x30. and a third ito.«rt. besides
two warehouses 1.50x30 a net house, and th. ... ,,i
"cook house," cabina, etc. I
Altogether they have eotne 910,000 worth of nets
here. This ia the only cannery on the Fraaer, we
believe, that employs steam power for ita machinery.
The aoldering machine, the can formers, the elevator for hoisting the fish out of the boata. and the
like are all worked by steam, thus saving a great
deal of time and labor.
The brand is known as "The Wellington,"
and an excellent reputation, as indeed do all
tho.e on t*w» Fraaer river.
This year the company put up 12.500 caaea.
Great Britain and Australia .re their principal
markets. Messrs. Welch, Rithet Ac Co. are the
sole agents for this packing company.
A sketch of this cannery appears in these columns.
The   Salmon
Every one in British Columbia knows Ben
Young the "Salmon King." Ilia bright, open
countenance is met with at every turn, he appears
to be ubiquitous. A "holy terror" L, his finny
subjects, for he has not onlyacontrolling interest in
two large packing houses that he runs on his own
account, but is managcralsofortwoof the principal
canneries on the Fraser Hirer, owned by the w d-
renowned W. T. Coleman.
Now, although as King, he is a bloodthirsty
tyrant, causing more of his subjects to be beheaded
than any hero in the Arabian Nights. He ha...
nevertheless, a nod anil a smile and a gix.1 word
for everybody, whilst his hearty laugh will herald
his approach long before he appears in aanajwB. prr
sonrt. Notwithstanding his congenial timiiiier
however, he is "business" to the Iwrkbone We
are Mr. Young for a thorough in-icht
'nto the workings of a  cannery.   A   visit to the
The agricultural land lying in the Fraa«r
River Valley between the Gnlf of Georgia and
Tala is divided into seven municipalities.
On the north side Richmond, Westminster
and Maple Ridge, and on the sonth side Delta,
Surrey. Langley and Chilliwaeh,
The districts together comprise some 1,500
square miles, mostly agricultural, and in some
parts of the finest and richest quslity.
Westminster, as the oldest and largest main.,
land city, we have treated of at some length in
another column Each of the remaining
municipalities is governed by a " Reeve"
and five Coancilmen, elected annually by the
owners and renters of property within tbe district of their municipalities. Tha Delta is at
present tbe most important. Mr. John McKee,
Jr., holds tbe position of Reeve, and tbe Council consists of Messrs. Wm. Arthur, Thos. E.
Ladtier, Wm. Pybns. J. R. Sutherby anrf Geo.
Kitson, with Mr. Wm. McKee as clerk.
In tbe Delta District alone there are some
lfiO sqnare miles of the richest agricultural
land of tbe Province, and we should say uoliet-
ter land can be found on the coast.
Is gradually growing to be the natural center
of this municipality. Already are tbere two
large canneries here, a saw mill, a town hall,
two churches, a well patronized hotel, a public
school, a large general store, a money order
post office, a telegraph office, besides other
smaller stores, and several private houses.
low. at. aanrttovar .even canneries within a
imtius of four miles.
The wharf, at which passengers and freight
are receive I. is free. There is, moreover, direct
daily communication with Victoria, Vancouver
and New Westminster, and weekly to Nanaimo.
Altogether Ladner's Landing has a busy appearance, and as viewed from the wharf (see
above sketch) the river banks also are quite
lively bare.
From this point the several canneries in the
distance all appear as if they were lining the
banks of tbe Frazer River, as shown in the
sketch, but, in fact, tbe Kritisb-Amerioan
Packing Basjaja, of which the " Salmon King "
is manager, is situate some little dt.tance down
one of th" many little creek- aeek tbeir
own wav out to tbe *ull -the particular creek
or small branch "apsBJ which this cannery is
situate is known as Canoe Pass.
As showing tbe increasing importance of this
municipality as an agricnltnr .1 center Mr.
McXeely, tbe popular host of the hotel, reported
Laidlaw 8c Co.
Mr. J. A. Laidlaw is interested also in another
large cannery situate on the Fraser, near Brunette
Creek, just above New Westminster. A sketch of
this cannery also appears in these columns.
It has a capacity f,,r 17.000 ease., tint next year
will be running with the same capacity as th..
Delta. The water used in this cannery is brought
in pities from a clear mountain stream tbat sparkles
and leaps down the steep side of an adjoining hill
and is kept in constant flow with great pressure
right into the tanks and washtrava of the ranataj
The brand is known as the " Dominion Brand"
and is held in equally high estimation with that of
he I lelta. Messrs. \v eich. Hilhet 4 Co. are agents
likewise for this cannery.
Such was the gay and interesting sight that greeted
us aa we approached the wharf at the Delta Cannery.
We were greatly interested in watching the entire process here, from the catch to the last nail in
the packing case. One principal feature that strikes
you in this, aa in all the Fraser River canneries is
the great attention to cleanliness. It almost seems
as if they were unnecessarily particular, cleaning
and rinsing, and. rinsing and  cleaning at  every
Ta 3    Wellington    Packing    Company.
A short distance down the Fraser river from Lad-
uer'a Landing ia situate another important salmon
cannery, known as the Wellington Packing Company.
Mr. Thos. E. Ladner ia superintendent here and
holds a large proportion of the stock.
The packing house has a capacity for 2.5.000 caaea,
employing nearly 400 hand, altogether—that ia, in.'
eluding Chinamen and Indians. The cempany hai
a geet of 40 boats together with a ateam tug >nd
scows for bringing up the fish from the fishing carapa
down the river.
We abould mention that the laws are far stricter
here than in the U. 8. fisheries, and not only
arc    the     laws     themselves     stricter,  but     they
British-American   Packing Company's works at | that when he came  here fivj year. sg.\   sotue-
under'. il'ZJe '.,"v'7l.i." ''v"" lhc ''<*■•*'."<]'•'■ ! thine under l.tHXl .„■*< ef ..'rain. .» t-M,, -ere
unoer pilotage of Mr.   Hen ^ onng. as rifi-nhrd in   „„»„...      .   .     ,    ,,   .. he htm-elf  sold lip-
our article upon the cannery Interest of the IWin.c   "Wt out. wheres- last year he him^eit  ..        I
we rank as one of the most Intare-ttsa. features of j ward* of SO.Otsi sacks to the surrounding tatm-
•h^'.n|i. I era for their gtain shipment..    The  Ladner s
This cannery I. one of Ihe largest   ha taw werU. I Ta^ai.-    n,.tel    of   which   Mr.    McNeely   IS
having a capacity in a prosprrou- « for turn   I 1-»n"n*.    Motel,   oi    """".„„:,.   -~J,ntlT
mg out from to i .am .as.s a day, en. h ooataia    """er and proprietor, has only qnite r
ing forty eiKht pounds.   This year's yield.of course. I been opened.    Tbere is  bedroom acoo
-„ht poui
lid n„t reach thaw. flan...
Some 1.10  to  ITS Chinamen are  employed
with about the like number of Indiana.   The
I ti.m for thirty toast., a dining-room, a private
i tiiuiuM-.w^^., - • bmssW,  Nktb-voom. bar
...... „.„ mii me  use niinincr or Indians.    I tie torn-      _ . Zl   ..     "              ..V    K  , i ,. „.n.]]r f,,lt
pany has a fleet  of  alsuit   forti   boats     The ap-   ••>•' reading-room, and the hotel la usually full
proach to this cannery as it atqiears from I juliicr'a
landing, is depicted in a sketch on this tssge.
as also the busy surrounding* of the \s.i
oua other industries that hero line the banks of
the river.
During this interesting trip we stopped  also at
the 1 h.enix Cannery, another large packing house
Fraaer.    Mr. B. Young is
nrks, which are operated
"ear tbe mouth of the
manager also of these
by Mr. W. T. Coleman.
^'lue 100 men are employed here, in addition to
aoout 1.10 Indian fishermen, and a busy aud inter
r™« sight it is to see these works in full swing.
The canned salmon turned out here is consigned
to every quarter of the globe.
On our way hack ana stopped to ins;*', I the
Mntish Columbia Tni-king House, close to New
Westminster, a very faithful skelch of which ap
pears in these columns. This cannery is the prop
erty of Mr. Wm. T. Coleman, the well knovi n root
Hussion merchant and millionaire of Sen Fraiui-, >>
Mr. Hen Young ia manager here also.
The cannery is very similar in sire, catch capa-
fjiy and general working and arrangement 'to ilic
llrltish Packing Company previously described,
and we need not. therefore, repeat. Mr Men
t oumr hns likewise the controlling interest at
branch cannery on the skeena Uiver. when. Hi.,
packed this season 11.000 eases
.fMK' V'.iing is also about_tohuilrt another hrano
ef the British American  Packing House In Sooth
A laska
Mr. W. T. Coleman, of San Fran. is,-o, is the sole
to overflowing. Mr M.N.ely, we may add. is
not only mm. of the h'.tel. but ia also the
owner i.f a wharf an.I propriet r of a la'ge gen-
. ral st, th. where be keeps quite a large line of
dry gods, boots, shoes, clothing,
jewelty. provisions, family groceries and tbe
like. He is agent likewise for agricultural
implements, an.) buys and deals iu all sorts of
farm produce. We mav add that each enterprise grows yearly out of all recgnition.
As the New Westminster Southern Railroad is
only a matter of time, and a short time st tbst,
so is tbe line of rail from Ladner's to Popcum
but a matter of a very short time. Tbe importance of Ihe Southern to Westminster
cannot be overe.timate.1, and the same may be
ssi.l of this short It miles of road to Ladner's
Landing. It passes through tha Mod Hay district and traverses and opens up the whole of
the neb districts of l.angley. Mastqui. Somas
and I'lnlliwach. A charter for this lioe was
granted last session. When both lines are completed il will cross Ihe Southern line, sod (here
is no doubt that this ooontry will shortly be
tapped from every direction, and ready markets
found or North or South, or F.sst or West.
Means .
Precipitation by Months. Season, and Years, at New Westminster, British Columbia
I. AT. 49 deg. 12 mln. 47 sees. N„ lMnK. in deR_ „ —fc JO ^  „.
5.61 I     7.90
I'cb.      Mar.       April.  May
1.43  !
11.19 .
7.75 |
3.70 \
9.07 |
4.77 !
9.76 |
6,88 .
« si
a 74
Kutiiiii.    Winter.   .«
Se,. Nv   I*.   Feb Mai  J
■ B
•-•■.!. £1
r Mv
Mean Temperature.,
Feo. |iUaicn7~Aprii7
38.4   i   toTT 48
15 61
Summer.   .nnual.
Jun   Vug
Sl 4*
A 72
13 IS
7 04
l ■ «;
AM    1
11  fi
'±± W»• 1 ^»ta7~j5ne;
deg. bel
lie  nil   in.   '.. 14 jrai'1"6
A. PKaUA Cat*. - • ■■••■ MMfvpf
Westminster.    Ladner's    Landing,    Nanaimo    and    Places   on    Island    Railroad   Advertisements.
C. B. WOODS, Land Surveyor.
.   -*•■ Q-OAMBLK, Notary PntOlo
Real Estate, Commission and Insurance Aqents
MONEY TO LOAN on first mortgage on improved Real Eat...    »
unimproved, for sale In all parts of the district.   City and SL:FARMING LANDS, improved and
Mining Stocks bought and sold.   Fire. Life and Accident InaurSLLoi? '<" ■»*• in choice locations.
JEtna Insurance Co  of Hartford. Western Insurance Co. of ■S!2J?nce„effiec«ed-   Repreaenting Fire-
Co.; Life -New \ ork Life Insurance Co.; Accident-Traveler, t10' c"v of London  Fire Insurance
AGENCY OF THE DOMINION EXPRESS CO.    ,ravelen> Inanrance Co. of HirtfoVj? ""aTmaC*
Established 1870.
The Pioneer Fl.hermen and Or-iajrluii,! Salmon Cannera
Office, Ellard's Block, Columbia St.
jvcexjig^l aALL.
New  Westminster  JEJ. C.
Sole Proprietors of the Celebrated " Lion" Brand Canned Salmon.
Silver Medals Antwerp, 1885.
ALEXANDER EWEN, Managing Director.
Represented by Robert Ward & Co.,Victoria,B.C.
F.OYAX   CHARTER.   1862.
LOXDOX OFFICE—38 Cornhill, London.    BRANCHES at 1.„ p
mioHter, Vancouver, Nan.imo ami Kaniloop. *° v andico. Port'anrt.
o Is. New Wot-
_.,*"'! Bi. che.     Uiiilcd  Sute.
• ;.uv... no, „. Eluil.n.l- W2ETS&   FSSrt KinpWi -Bank of
_ Jhlns. Japan   Aurtiil&  ii ""ff**"*  South Wale.  Bink: l.ritish
Baok Corporation    Chartered «.•■« of la.lla, Auatrall. a,d Chin. ?£& glj!*** Hon. K. ■>«, S tha, «hai
Bank of Au.trala.ia. Unnmettul Bank Company of Sidney     M.x.„, *iT .Sc""i'h and Au.rralian Chartered sink.
and South America. ™ *na South America—London Bank ol Memo
Telegraphic B a sfers and rfmittauces to and from all point, can h» ™ a     .
Collection, carefully attended to anil every deacriptiou of banking trVuMetoi h  tW* b*nk  *' cam''t »«««■
Proprietors of the "BON ACCORD" Brand of Canned Salmon.
D. J. MUNN, Manager.
U ROBT. ffAHD 4 CO., Victoria, B. C.
General Foundry Work of Every Description.
The British-American
British-American Packing Co.. Skeena Rivsr,
British-American Packing Co, Fraser River.
Caledonia Packing Co.
The Queen Brand.
The Above are the Favorite Brands of Canada.
British Columbia Packing Co., Fraser Hirer,
English & Co., Fraser River.
Eoyai City Saw Hill.
Boyal Oity Sash and Door Factory.
Dominion Saw Mill.
Dominion Sash and Door Foctory.
head o:f\f*io:e3
Vancouver Saw   Hill,
Vancouver £aah and Door Factory
Vancouver, B. 0.
Vessels Loaded at M ii Wharves for ali Ports in the World.   Cars Loaded in
Mill Yard for all Points on Canadian Pacific R. and Connections.
Saw  mill   Company,  Limited
Bough   amM Mressed:  Mumber,
All orders for Turn np, Scroll Sawing, or »m tumi: in the wood line that may be required tor
binding pnrpos. » will be anpplied nt loweat rates.
A. WADHAM.        -        Proprietor and Manager.
All Canieil "almou Bearing their Brand Guaranteed.
So e Agents Welch, Rithet & Co., Victoria, B. C.
Assoc. M. Inst. C. E., M. I. M. E.
ROBERT   LAW.   Proprietor.
Columbia Street, NEW WESTMINSTER.
And  Building Superintendent,
Dry Goods, Clothing,
Gents' Furnishing and Fancy Goods, Etc.
LONDON HOUSE, Oor. of Mary and Columbia Sts., New Westminster, B 0.
Genera! Hardware and Cutlery.
White Lead and Colors, Linseed and Lubricating Oils, Varnishes and all
Ends of Brushes.
m.  Y.   READ   <3fc   CO.
Pitch,  Oakum, Tar, Rosin,  Rope.  Blocks and  Tackle, Window Glass
and Putty.
Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, Clothing,
WALKEE    &   SHADWELL,   Proprietors,
T.   J.   TRAPP   <fc   CO.
Importers and Dealers in General Hardware,
Painta, Oils, Window-Glass, WaU-Paper, Brushes, Tar, Pitch, Oaknm, Etc.
Columbia Street,      New Westminster. B. C.
TH©   Grl^OBE    HOUSE
Columbia   St.    IVe^r   Westminster.   II.   O
Importers   of   Dry   Goods,
WILLIAM   RAE,   Manaeer.	
The Colonial Hotel
LUKE   PITHER. Proprietor.
Fire-Proof Building-
Center of City.
Headquarters for Travelers and Commercial Men.
PfEW   WEST»«*,'8TEBl   **•   Ct
(Dice's S atioo, EsQDimaDlt and Nanaimo Railway.)
Superb   Hunting,    Fishing   and    Boating.
F.   F.   JATKEK.
Duncan's JStEirtioxi..
E. and N. Railway,
Within Five Minutes Walk of the Cowichan River
Price & Jaynes, Proprietors,   Quamichan, B. C.
Nanaimo  Advertisements.
New Westminster, B.  C.
Fraser River Salmon Packers
-All Canned Halmon bearing* their Brand Guaranteed.
Sole Agents Welch, Rithet & Co., Victoria, B. C.
Wellington    Packing    Co.
Fraser River Salmon Packers
All Canned Salmon 'Bearing? their Brand Guaranteed.
Sole Agents Welch, Rithet & Co., Victoria, B. C.
Dry  Goods, Clothing,
Carpets  and  House  Furnishings,
mats A.rmr> caps,
Columbia, St., New Westminster, B, O,
Harlock Packing" Co.
H   P   O    BRAND
All Canned tislmon Bearing; their Brand Guaranteed.
Sole Agents Welch, Rithet & Co., Victoria. B. C.
R.    CUNNINGHAM,    Proprietor,
All Salmon Packed by this Company Guaranteed.
Sole Agents Welch, Rithet & Co., Victoria, B. C
The MclNeely House,
Hunters, Tourists, Travelers and Int-nding Investors and Settlers will
find Excellent Accommodations at this Botel.
Importer, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Furniture, Glassware, Carpets, Etc.
Upholstering and   Undertaking  in  all   its   Branches.
All Sorts of Upholstering Work l>one.   Carpets Sewed and Laid.    Watt
Paper Hung.   Lounges and Mattresses Made to Order and Repaired.
Vancouver   Warehouse,
Commercial St., Nanaimo, B. C.
I.    ABRAMS     &    CO.
Eat.bll.hed   1876.
8. M. RAI'KR.
Stationery, Books,  Music.  Fancy Goods, Etc.
1VA1VAIMO,  :o.  o.
JtsT-Copim of this edition of Trk San Fk»n> two .Iih-uvu. or Cohmbbc. may be obtain*.] tarn.
JOSEPH   WEBB,        ....        Proprietor
Large Airy Booms.    Good Table.   Bom* Comforts.
!^*'.^«g5^«*< 5 '■    ''        * SB^smtf.
"Wide-^A/walce Citizens.
Letting no Chance Escape
Them in the Present.
Unbounded    Resources.
A      Mtaarniiloent      Outlook,
Approaching Vancouver by water we presently pass through the "Narrows" and enter at
once the magnificent harbor of " Burrard In*
let," the moat perfect shelter that Father Neptune ever planned.
Towards out left we view the craggy peaks
and broken outline of the distant Coast Range.
with the foothills extending downward to tbe
water's edge, and on our right the abaded
groves and cool retreats of the Government
Reservation, destined for many a "lovers'
walk" of the future, for here is the site of the
new park.
The evening of otir entry to the harbor was
beyond description. It seemed as if fair Heaperis
had decked herself in all her brightest gems and
soft, rich-tinted velTets to bid ban so'r to Atlas.
her retiring lord, and as we turned the point
and passed beyond the "Narrow.," the setting
sun now casts each stretch of valley into misty
shade, now lights the mountain slopes and distant crags with color stolen from some wood
nymph's cheek. In front tbe eye still travels
onward down the inlet through the "Second
Narrows," and on, and on, from gulden points
to glistening islets, and thus and thns till the
warm evening purple of the middle distance
merges in the mist and both are lost in the cold
grey ot the shadowy range beyond.
Turning towards the South, we notice an extensive clearing on a gentle slope towards the
water front, with busy streets and imposing
buildings, stretching away for nearly two miles
along the shore. It is well nigh impossible to
believe that this is the infant city of Vancouver—a growth of a year.
"Ah!" cries Pencils, as the good ship Yose-
mice drew near her moorings, "do you see that
hotel on the rising ground, right here close to
the wharf and depot? That is certainly where
we ought to stay whilst in town. Jnst see what
m shall get from the verandas."
We found it was the "Leland House," kept
of pure ohaoe of slopes, and banks, and holes,
and dips, covered with enormous trees and
massive stumps, have grown smoothly-paved
roads and sidewalks, all on proper levels and
easy gradients, in many plsees necessitating "a
fill" of from 8 to 10 feet. The sideways, temporarily thrust into peculiar prominence,
look like so many elevated trestle bridges,
crossing and recrossing the city in
every direction. The roads are gradually graded up to these sidewalks, the
houses and stores are built on either side the
road, following the same settled grade, and
every one knows at once what his ground floor
le-el will be, and will continue to be, after tbe
bailding is erected. It is impossible to estimate the enormous trouble and future expense
the city has been saved by the far-sighted,
business-like, broad-minded policy displayed
by the ruling spirits in the City Council in thiB
and other kindred matters relating to the future
welfare of this city. It is difficult to give our
readers any just idea of the way this city has
been treated in this respect. We desired Pencils to give a rough sketch of a bit of the grading work to supplement our remarks, and to
give a more vivid idea of the work accomplished here. This sketch, which we give
below, shows some of the graded
trestle sidewalks, men at work filling
np the roadway, and houses built or in course
ot erection to meet the same grade. In a few
weeks this street will be all oomplete-l, built in
on either side, and no one will any longer
recognize that the sidewalk was once a trestle
bridge and the roadway and houses built up to
meet it. This sketch also shows how the streets
are lighted by incandescent electric lights.
How much a municipal council, or other ruling power, may do to help forward or
How easy it is for some small-minded,
nervous, weak-kneed individual on a Board
to mar the work of all the rest! A
oity may be kept back for years,
its natural resources may remain undeveloped for decades, its future—whether in tbe
extent of its wealth, its comfort, elegance or
bealth, may be altogether changed—just
through the well-meant efforts of some narrow-minded demagogue, who, perhaps, for
half a century has never, been beyond the
limits of bis own little "eleariBg," and has
had no means of forming any idea of the world's
progress or of the aggregated experience of the
civilized quarters of the globe. If citizens
would think less of trying to reduce taxation
aud more about securing to the full the proper
advantages to be derived from a lavish expenditure, they wonld not only have more comforts
but more money in the exchequer at the end of
tbe yt ar. No man should be allowed to find a
seat on any Municipal Council until the
breadth of his character had been thoroughly
tested. It is evident that the broad-minded
men on the O.ty Council here have had maay a
fight and many a compromise with their more
t mid confreres. There is one thing in this respect that we would particularly criticise, and
that is
Why imitate the wretched style of the cities
of the United States? Is land so much more
plentilul in Europe, or is it there so far less
productive than on this continent that the citizens of Paris, for instance, oan afford to add to
the comfort, health and appearance of their
city by giving in feet to their boulevards and
avenues, their squares and public thoroughfares what our modern cities will grudgingly
give in inches ? If Vancouver expected lo remain a small city we would not have to pass
this criticism, but Vancouver expects one
day to be as big as Paris, and we are vastly in
favor of adopting Vancouver's estimate of herself. The streets are wide enough for another
Victoria, but are by no means wide enough
as looking to the future. The contracted
size of the lot. is soother great blot.
These      few      strictures      notwithstanding,
Besides #125,000 spent on the roads, they
have spent another $25,000 in perfecting the
sewers, which, before this paper goes to press,
will doubtless be finished. This special expenditure has been covered by a loan of $150,000
at bix per cent, for a period of 40 years. Tbe
loan was placed right away at 98. Besides the
time and money saved by completing these
works in an organized systematic manner, the
by mine host Wm. Prout, who heartily wel
corned us in good old Canadian t>tvle.
Pencils, apparently, has not only an eye for
the beautiful, bnt he seems to be able to loo te
everything of the best, as if by instinct. We
esrlainly spent a very agreeable time at the Leland House. Not only does it possess the
finest view, but mine host and his busy, little
wife, who have only recently taken over
tbe proprietorship of the hotel, do all they can
to make you feel "at home." A drawing of
the Leland House will be found in our advertising columns.
"You've just dined? Well, come out
with us then on tbe veranda and smoke a
cigar. Stretch yourself at full length on that
bamboo chair, throw yonr leg over that
elongated arm; that's right; now what have
you got to say about it? Isn't that a magnificent view over the bay? It is two miles across.
Ton would scarcely think so, would you? Those
foothills are ten miles off, whilst tbe distant
peaks, you see almost due north, we are told
are over forty miles away as the crow flies.
Those white specks you see over the water are
the houses of tbe Indian mission. Ton may
just distinguish the spire ot the church; some
distance to the right you see the Moodyville
settlement; here is the largest sawmill in the
province. On this side of the bay, there to
the right where you see those fine ships lying at
anchor, is tha "Hastings" Sawmill. Bight here
below you is the C. P. B. wharf.  You can just
amount of the loan has been recouped over and
over again already, by the inert ased value that
such expenditure alone has placed upon tbe
ready graded building frontages thus created.
It just makes a 'Frisosn's mouth water when
he compares the business men of this infant
Vancouver with the poor, dollar-limit fossils of
San Francieco, where they boast of having
no debt, as if it were a credit to the place not to
iaaue municipal bonds while tbe roads aud
pathways are a disgrace to civilization, and tbe
City Hall is a .'ending monanient to incapacity and jobbery as year after year it thrusts its
tattered wings before the public gsze.
We would next call our reader's attention to
the accompanying sketch showing
A bibd's-etk vibw
From the roof of the C. P. B. Hotel and to the
distant view of tbe oity from Westminster road
in the corner of the same picture. From these
views some idea will be gathered of the size and
growth of the place since June 13, 1886, to
September, 1837, when these sketches were
As you approach Vancouver from New Westminster by road, the size and importance of the
new-born city is particularly observable. From
the rising ground whence the last mentioned sketch was made, your line of vision
tikes in the bridge over False Creek, just below
you, wbile beyond to the right you catch sight
of  tbe harbor,  and  to the left a glimpse   of
.™««w  jvx, .a M.D \j.   a .   ...   wub.a.     xou uau JUS.    t,       .-   .    j, ° T^
distinguish the smoke stack and masts of the   ^aK"an f*aT\ ,.     ,.
"Port Victor" lying there, one ef tbe "liners" f 5Hf&i5 eTery d'rec''on on "" pemnsnla
between this port and Japan. This line of formB.d °* thBse J™"*wat*l" u"re tb? hon3e8
boat., you will remember, has been jnst I and,. 8tore"' the ml}1* "nd workJQOPs th»« 8" to
established and has been granted a subsidy j mtt*° an tho ,"* °l Vancouver. You can scarcely
from Ihe British Government of £45.000 per I credit that a few short months »*o the whole of
annum snd increased by   the   Canadian  Gov- j this peninsula was one vast  mass of gigantio
ernment to $300,000. Just this side of tbe
wharf you may notice sn engine and some
freight oars; well, there is the depot of the
Canadian Pacifio Bailway. the gigantic enterprise just completed, connecting Fast and
West, the Atlantic with Pacifio. It coat $200,-
000,000 to enable the engine to reach tbis
town; niee little bill, isn't it? Well, jou have
finished your cigar, let ns go inside and join
the ladies st the piano."
(Our readers will   notice   on   this   psgea
sketch of ihe view from the Leland Hotel.)
riext morning we were out bright aud early,
ss Pencils said,to "take in" the city. We often
had to caution Pencils about these
injudicious bikabks,
And on tbis occasion it well nigh cost us our
liberty. Alderman Hannion, who happened to
be passing, had bis ears pricked as Usual, and
catching oar avowed intention of "taking in"
tbe oity, brought the matter forward iu his
"officious capacity," at the next meeting of tbe
Council. Fortunately for us the rest of the
Councilors were not bo easily alarmed for the
safety of their city, so that Alderman Mannion
did not think it wise to bring forward his mo
tion either to have us incarcerated or ordered
to "move on." He only "hoped that the city safe
would be kept locked during our stay," and tbat
"no more o' these 'ere letery thramps would be
a-oomin'round atari atari," Well, notwithstanding Alderman Mannion,we followed Pencils' advice and proceeded to "take in" tbe oity. For a
place of only a year's growth tbere is more to
"take in" than we have ever before met with in
all our experience. We had heard bo much of
Vancouver, and its rapid growth, that we were
prepared (or the usual disappointment, but we
were bound to oonfess thst tbe place, in every
respeot, altogether exceeded anything we had
been led to expect of it.
One of the first things thst strikes a stranger,
especially If be bails from San Francisco, is 'he
mi tliodi si, business-like, large-hearted manner in which the
Have been formed and graded. During tbe past
ear some twelve miles of streets snd twenty-
ne miles of sidewalk have been graded an 1
.some $15,000.    Out
,    vua.-v    UbUIUDUlu      w ran    uun vc
' timber and tangled forest.
Before we leave Westminster road let us first
say tbat you should certainly approach Vancouver from this direction. Ask for Geo. Kay-
mer's stage—it leaves the Colonial House every
morning at 8:30. You not only have a most
delightful ride through a splendid forest, but
you save a long stuffy journey by rail, as tbe
line at this point takes a long detour of some
thirty miles or so, whilst tbe journey by stage
is a pleasant ride of eight or nine miles. Moreover, from this direction you enter the town
from the point that commands, not only its most
picturesque surroundings, but that enables you
to see the whole prospect spread before you as
on a map.
As we sland here on tbe Westminster road
and view tbe city lying on the peninsula beyond
we wonld have you bear in mind that on the
June 13, 1880. tbe great fire made a clean
sweep of everything—two houses alou. escaping—and that every bnilding you see in the distance before you has been erected in tbe interval. Again, do not imagine that those distant
buildings are all flimsy wooden shanties—many
of them are
Some built of bard, cut granite, ethers of brick,
others of cement, and that even when of wood
many of them are of considerable architectural
importance. The following tabic, which gives
uot merely the cost, but shows also the material
at which each building is constructed, demonstrates better than anything, perhaps, the
amount of energy that has been displayed here
in thiB short time:
Mr. Abbott's res	
Mr.    Ferguson's res	
C. P. B Hotel	
P. A. Hamilton  block....
Van Horns block	
New York block	
Lord Durham blook	
Lord E phiiiStnue block...
Sir D  A. Smith blook...
Hank block	
IToimin  block	
Home block ,.
Angus blook	
Lady Stephen blook	
\Grant block	
Springer k Van Brsemer
Innes bloek	
Hamilton block (Bewicks
k Wulffsohn)	
Lovel block	
Alexander block ".	
Wilson block	
Coldwell & Grant block...
McLennan & McFeely bi'k
Gilmore k Clark block	
Abram block	
Ferguson bloek.	
Byrnes block	
Templeton block	
Oppenbeimar Bros, blook.
Tye 4 Co bloek	
K. H.. Alexander 'a res. ...
The  above-mentioned buildings,  which by
no means comprehend all the substantial ere©-
Briok, iron
heard many severe criticisms of tbis hotel—it
did not seem to please the public taste on this
coast for some reason. We can only presume because it wasn't straight up and down with the
usual tier upon tier of hideous bay windows
and stuccoed porticos. Having been prepared
in advance for something ugly, we must confess we were very agreeably surprised. It is,
however, in our judgment, being spoiled in its
When will this North American continent of
ours learn to throw a little sp'ce of luxury into
its style of living, and to leoognixe that " dining" does not necessarily mean gobbling up
the largest amount of food it is possible to dispose of iu the smallest amount of time? On
the continent of Europe for instance, the dining room is so constructed that in Winter time
you  can see ss mnoh of tha beautiful scenery
surrounding you as it is possible to take in
through the widest of windows.    In Summer
if steam pipes and coils are not enough to
keep this hotel empty, we certainly do not
know what would. It is not yet too late to
rectify matters, snd we trust it may be done.
There are also   several   pretty   and  stylish
Notably that of Mr. A. G. Ferguson. This
house is finished also inside in excellent taste and
shows up to advantage some of the native
woods which, when polished, develop soma of
the prettiest and most striking grains we have
ever seen. Mr. Abbott's house is also very
pretty, and we are told is finished and fitted inside in excellent taste, but we had no opportunity of taking any personal notes of its interior. Dr. Le Fevres' house is another handsome bnilding; and, indeed, there are many
others in town, but space will not permit us to
dwell longer on this subject.
Snoh, then, is the general appearance of Van-
there ia no fear of this town retrograding, bnt
let the citizens be short-sighted enough to reduce the power of the big-hearts by electing a
few more cheese-paring individuals—who think
more about saving a dune than they do about
securing a dollar—and tbis is just the place
that would stand still during the weak-kneed,
nervous administration thus brought into
Thus far
Upon their choice, though there are a few
timid men yet on tbe Board who might seek
retirement with advantage to themselves and
their constituents alike. This is invariably the
case, however, with any and every Board.
Perhaps it is scarcely fair to criticise at all a
Board that has accomplished so much and done
its work so well. When we eonsider that in
March, 1886, the whole of this town site and
tions in town, srs all either finished or in
course of erection, and, as will bs seen,
are of a permanent character and together
oost some half a million of dollars. Of
course, however, this list dose not include
many handsome private residences, besides
numerous important hotels, stores, warehouses,
breweries, factories, mills workshops and other
building-, constructed of wood whioh, it must
be born* in mind, however, represent, nevertheless, a very considerable outlay.
As showing the size and style of some of the
buildings here, we give a sketch of the Wilson
Block, as also on pago 11 of the Lady Stephen
or Postoffice Block, and on page la, moreover,
in our advertising columns, will be found views
of several of the st. res and other buildings.
situate on Cordova street, is a three-story building, and covers an area of TO -86 fast It is divided into four stores and the stories above are
divided, one-half of the block into excellent
and oommodious offices, and the other half ia
so arranged that it may be let with either of the
these same windows oan be thrown back—the
whole wail, so to speak, being removable —and
half the guests will be dining in the open air
on the broad veranda adjoining. Here the
guests will take their ease and prolong their
meal some hour or two over their choice Havana or their o*fe noir as they view some distant
Alp, or listen to the roar of the falls of the
Rhine, or may be to softer strains nearer and
dearer in some fern-screened corner of the
salle a T7ianger. How pleasant it in
the Summer time to dine under similar conditions st Vancouver, in full view of tbe magnificent Coast Binge, reflected again in the deep
waters of Burrard Inlet, but no, as usual the
windows of the dining room of the C. P. B.
Hotel are of the same old narrow type, intended merely to let in the light, and no doubt as
soon as "upholstered" will be becurtained and
beshaded till they effectually shut out every
remaining vestige of the beautiful landscape.
In this hunter's paradise, moreover, nothing
ia done to play upon the tourist's imagination
or to make him feel as if Ihe was in the land of
sport.     In view of anVexciting chase on the
couver and its surroundings to-day. What it will
be this time next year, it :a impossible to say.
so rapidly is it growing.
By reference to the
The shape and mode of laying out the streets
will be seen, is also the location of some of the
more important buildings and places.
The proposed new Park comprises the whole
of the Government reservation (shown on
the index map), lying on the peninsula
formed by " the Narrows," Coal Harbor aud
English bay. From the park to Burrard street
the lots are laid out for private residential property, and many exc.-U nt sites will be found
here. From Burrard street and continuing
away in an easterly direction, lies the business
portion of the town. Granville str?et ia about
to be extended across False Creek, and will
then shortly be carried right through down
to the Fraser Biver delta, forming a r< ady road
to a new market from all points,of this vast
agricultural district. Water street and the whole
of the dip and level ground following the rail-
peninsula was one mass of forest, crowded
with trees of enormous size, some as mnoh as
eight to ten feet in diameter and 300 feet high,
that now some 1000 acres are cleared at an
average cost of $250 or more an aore; that
">e city in the like interval has grown from
praoticaiij, «oth<~ to 6000 inhabitants. That
some twelve miles of roao -a, and twenty miles
of sidewalks hav« been graded aud pi.snkad- tbat
sewers have been constructed at a cost of $2o>,ouo,
that water schemes have been discussed
and settled; fire limits and laws established; a
Board of Trade inangurated; hospital established, and all tbe work tbat these and similar
matters entail, we say when we consider all
this and the shore time in which all the work
has been accomplished and the excellent way
in which everything has been done, we certainly think that the Mayor aud City Council
have produced wonders and are deserving of
tbe best thanks, not merely of their city but of
tbe province.
We have, however, by no means finished with
the Mayor and Council yet. It goes without
saying that men of this calibre are too
stores as a whole, being suitable for a furniture store and warehouse or any other wholesale business or factory.
Mr. G. W. Grant, of New Westminster and
Vancouver, is the architect. Messrs. Band
Bros., Beal Estate Brokers, are the fortunate
occupiers of the corner building in this block,
and mnst be congratulated upon having one of
tbe finest < ffices in town-
Adjoining Messrs. Rand Brothers' office is
the store occupied by Mr. Nelson as tbe
"City Drug Store," and it may truly be said
that tbere is no handsomer or more commodious store in the province.
On Hastings street, a sketch of whioh will be
found on page 11, is another very fine
building—one aide of which is occupied by
tbe PoBtoffice and the other side by Messrs.
Boss & Ceperley. the well-known reel estate
brokers. A glance st this sketch will
give our readers some idea of the thriving   business   of  these   trusted and   popular
morrow, what associations ever oling to the
open grate, to the snspended trophies of rod
and reel, of gun and rifle?
" I told the landlord to his'face,
The chimney corner waa the {place."
Here, as yon sit within the capacious
chimney and strain jour neck and eyes to
watch the crackling sparks and curling smoke
on their way to the frosty air above, you
stretch your weary limbs towards the blazing
pine logs and listen to the wondrous "fish
tales" or to tbe spicy yarns of your many new-
made friends tid your intended visit of a day is
prolonged into a month before you realize
where you are. At the C. P. B. Hotel, ho-v-
ever, no effort has been made to tempt the
tourist to "break his journey" here. Inst, ad
of a wide, capacious chimney corner, Mg
enough to hold an ordinary smoking-room, the
large, bare office has not even on open grate '
It is heated—tell it not io Oath -by that most
detestable of all modern "improvements"
(save the mark) namely the steam-heater. The
way will unquestionably command the mercantile and wholesale offices and warehouses.   The
rest of the town site, practically, is the property of the v   r
This area of land which comprises the eastern half of the city of Vancouver, is now on
the market It consists of Sections 181 and.
196 (about 300 seres) and is rapidly being built
up. Lying high, as it does, witha gentle slope
to the shore of Burrard Inlet, it possesses un-
equaled facilities for drainage; it ha' been
cleared of timber at great expense, is free of
all ravines and other inequalities of surface
which might deter tho progress of building
During the past Summer about ten miles of
streets, snd double that length of sidewalks
have been made. It possesses the best water
front of the city of Vancouver, and, in short,
such is the natural importance of this property
that the Canadian Pacifio Company deferred
bringing their line on to Vancouver for many
months  during  which  time negotiations were
To ait down tamely and let their city mould its
own destinies at haphazard. Men who secure
the grading of their streets in advance to the
extent and perfection tbat obtains in this oity
men who have tbe oourege to accomplish work
of this kind in an infant city at an expenditure
of $150,000, men who hare the oapaoitv to
carry such works through with the same business forethought and forsignted policy as
these men have shown are not likely to let
their city of the future starve or want of enterprise and industries. An exemplification of
this was shown, while we were in the city the
council voting, and the citizens by ballot'com-
a obant or $45,000.
Of this sum $20,000 was voted as the first in-
stalment for their Isying out of the new nark
which, when finished, will be one of the lareesi
and most magnificent in tbe world, and $25-
000 aa s bonus to enoonrage the establishment
chine shops, and the like, will speedily follow.
The Hospital alao will cost $20,000, and there
are in adSltioo, several large private enterprises such as gas, aleetric "ght and other
companies. The water company, also a private
venture,is constructing reservoirs, Isying pipes,
and otherwise computing the water system at
. cost of $280,000.
The reservoir is nine miles distant, across
Burrard Inlet, at aa elevation of 430 feet.
The water will be brought thence in pipes
and from ita great pressure will throw a jet
some 300 feet above the highest part of tbe city
obviating all necessity for fire engines. There
will instead be hydrants at olose intervals all
over the oity.
These and kindred matters too numerous to
mention have closely occupied the attention of
the City Couneil, and so long as Vancouver returns men of this mettle to look after ita interests, we oan
Our mercantile friends and all seeking profitable investment for their money, to trust their
energy and enterprise to the fostering oare of
the City Fathers of this go-a-head plaee.
Wa hare spoken pretty fully about tha
And their labors, and it will be well, therefore,
to say a word about tbe Aldermen composing it.
First then the "Worahipful Mayor,''
Is a native of Scotland. He came to Canada
with his parents ia 1845. He takes very active
interest in tbe welfare of Vancouver and assisted largely in getting it incorporated aa a
city. In an edition of this paper two years ago
we ventured to prophesy he would be elected
as the first Mayor, since which time he has
been twice elected to the poet and has devoted
all his tims and energy to the duties of his
Is also a native of Scotland. He also has always shown s lively interest in the welfare of
the city and was one of the first to prepare its
Is another native of Scotland, and ia somewhat
dUpneed to think thst tbe less public attention
is drawn m. Vancouver the better, and tha'
foreign newspaper, avteinly ought not to  be
encouraged to cross the boa**,..
ALDEBMAN   L.   A.   HAMILTON,   P.   a.  £S.
Is also of Sootoh extraction. He was eng»a«d
as a surveyor on tbe British North American
Boundary Company In defining the forty-
ninth parallel. He subsequently acoepted a
situation as chief land surveyor to the Canadian Pacific Bailwsy Company and now holds
the position of Assistant Land  Commissioner
Is s native of Ontario,and stated that he waa induced to settle in British Columbia owing to a
stray copy of the San Frincisco Journal or
Commebce falling into his hands. He now represents the Moodyville Sawmill Company in
this city.
Is snother native of Ontario. He graduated at
McGill University, taking the first Sutherland
Gold Medal.   He practised medicine in Brook-
right of the mill, m the foreground, will be ....
the oook-house and dining-rcto. wh.r. .n.1
bands take their meals, and beiwe^oV ",'he
buildings,   in  ths distanoe,   ws just «2.k
Blimnseof the new C. P. B.  hotel J*.,°h. »
»itn the
coast range of  mountains for a background
When weerrived at the mill tha good •Uamahir,
Mamie was lying at the wharf, and our g,mJj
guide (the manager of the works) insisted thai
ws must "begin st the beginning,'  before w.
oould arrive at a proper understanding 0f iT.
lumber business.      Acting   under this bai7.J
nothing would satisfy him till we had prornued
to board the Mamie and to accompany hirst,
Cardero   channel    in   order   tbat    wa   raivht
•take   in"   his   loguing   camp.     The   jonr
ney   was   uneventful,   except   that   Pencil,
as   usual, oooasior ed us considerable  trouble
by resorting to all sorts of  tricks  to stop the
boat every few minutes in order 11 "slap it in »
At first we had some STmi atby for him, for wa
did certainly pass through fairy-land—bays and
channels snd creeks, with little islands etadded
about like floating gardens, tbe water, moreover,   as smooth    as   molten   lead,  and   the
deep purple of the distant  mountains here and
there relieved by a snow-capped peak beyond,
or some ragged promontory in the foreground
that was at times almost too much svea fer our
own more    matter of   fsct   constitution.   At
last ws succeeded in locking Pencils up below
and in dne oonrse found ourselves welcomed at
Now don't suppose for a moment that tha
logging fraternity do not know bow to take cars
of themselves. Here by the side of a cool and
gurgling livu'et our friends have pitched not
their tents, bnt their cosy plank huts. A tasty
supper awaits each hungry woodsman as he
sights the we'eome spot,and many s yarn is spun
and many a joke ia oracked around the fabled
campflre; the blaz<ng logs now casting a rosy
'int over the rugged faces, now bringing out in
bold relief tbe of the weuried forma
that stretch themselves around, whilst tbe blue
smoke curli up.ard through the straight and
stately channels of the giant trees till it
merges in the darkness of ths vaulted roof
above. Not thus, however, do the loggers
spend the night, for soon the campflre is forsaken and each one reals him in his own particular bunk. Before we leave tbe camp ju-t
take a peep within the larder—venisen and bear,
grouse, salmon and tront; no need to go hungry
in these forests. You notice tbnt some thirty
men or so are camping here, bnt do uot imagine
that all are engaged in cutting trees. Out of
these thirty m<n only two ate knights of the
axe. The thick and tangled forest ia not a>
ea-tily connuered aa most people may imagios
as they sit in tbeir soft arm chairs at home. Ia
STABTINO   A  liar
The first requirement is to build a road. Now this
nreLfr?,r!Ln,*time.bntJ't ">• Winning of the ; doesn't   mean just  rl.sring'.  track of a few
ii!?0.  l^Z™.i •£! ** to tht P°*">od of sur-   trees snd stumps and underbrush, but the for-
geon on the Psetflo Division of the O. P. E.       | nation of a road over  which heavv log., some-
alderman oeo. h. LooKEKBT '• times 13 i.( 14 feet in diameter, and 100 feet or
Is a native of Prince Edward's Island.   He is a   *°  >°ng,   may   be  brought  down to ihe coast.
machinist by trade and oame to this oity in July J This is  accomplished   in  the  first place bya
of last year. I gang of  "swampers." who go ahead and clear
alderman iosbph mannion the   way   of  all   obstructions,  ready  for ths
Is a native of Ireland.    Thie  is  the alderman   "skidders"  to take  a   hold.    Ihe "skidden"
wL°  W" *°  ,c*red  °T P°°r Psocils' remarks   answer to "section men" on s railroad, and are
about "taking in the oity," and hoped that "no ! constantly at work  making aud  repairing ths
Meterary   thramps'   would   be   aomin' j roads    The logging Mad is bail* with "skids,"
100,0 JO
Cut stone
Cut stone
20,i 00
Out stoat
ag.nta, and of their handsome and excellent
For an infant a year old, this oity may, indeed, well be proud of ils already large sprinkling of brick and granite buildings, ita plsts
glass and blocks, most of which not
merely poss ss great character, but show considerable taste in their architectural construction.
The now
O.   P.   B.   HOTEL
Is also nesring completion. A distant view of
tbis hotel will be seen in the sketch of Messrs.
Leamy A Kyle's mill.
It is full of gable ands, with a double row of
dormer windows in the wide sloping roof, after
ths style on   the   continent ot   Europe,  and
presents s picturesque snd  pleasing a) pear- j
Before   reaching   Vancouver   we   bad 1
bed-rooms, in fact pretty Well the whole house,
will be heated by these noisy, suffocating
nuisances. Where steam-heaters, stoves, hot
air furnsces and other health destroying
monstrosities ."are supplementary merely, of
course, there is not the same objection, but
when as in this hotel most of the rooms have
nut a single open grate to take off the foul and
heated air the situation becomes unbearable.
Opening a window or a transom doss not help
matters muoh. This, of course, lets in oool sir,
bot it does not let out the foetid remains that
continue to accumulate in the chambers.
Hot sir, it is well known, creates a
draft inward, and will not properly escape except by means of some still hotter
outlet, as for instance the updraft of a chimney
with a fire in the grate. So long as there ar.
other hotels in the city with open   fire plsees,
pending for the acquirement by that company
of one-third of this property. All the more
important industries of the city are located
here.among others the "Hastings-'Sawmill with
wharves attached. An iron foundry also is in
course of construction and tbe Anthracite Coal
Company a lsrge bunkers, togethsr with ths
proposed smelting works will also be in this
vicinity. The City Hall. Pubiio School. Churoh
of England, Presbyterian and Baptist Churohes.
together with the residences of the Msyor and
Srincipal merchants are all on this propertv
tr. R. G.  Tallow, of Vancouver, ia the com!
pany s agent.
The oity is governed by a Municipal Counoil
composed of a Worsnipf al Mayor and ten Aldermen.   So long as
On this Board oontinus to hold the majority. I
minro works.
When it  is considered  that   ore   fW,m .v.-
provine. 1. at th. present time shippe^.U the"
way to Denver. Colorado, th.  important   be.,
mg that   hese new smelters will have upon "he
mining   industry   of   British   Columbia    ^
scarcely be over-estimated. Now that the truiik
railroad is an accomplished tact,   branch Mne-
to every rtch mining field will foilow.aud fo ,° w
as quickly as they   can  be Ji     i
once the ball begin, to roll" Stft^
fuiii biiry pronu"ed to keep* ■*■*
itai of Um£w3 ixiJ? $-£tw3i$%S
around atari, atari.
Is ths life aad soul of the Council, and unless
we greatly mistake. wiU be elected by acclamation to fill the office of Mayor in the coming
year. He is a native of Bavaria and spent hia
boyhood on the banks of the Rhine. Mr. Op-
penheimer own. property here, hi. interests
being widespread and scattered over all the
prinoipal centers of the city, whether East,
west or South. His was the first axe to dear
the city front site. Mr. Onpenheimer has done
muoh for the province. He has not only made
money here, but as soon as made be haa re-in-
veated it in some new venture, thus always adding his all to the growth aud prosperity of the
place . He holds also at present the office of
Chairman of the Finance Committee.
£le5.*5 aoooBipanied David tu thia country
in 1848. The two brothers came to this Province in 1860. and have been associated together
ever since sharing each other's vicissitudes and
Is a native of London, England. He came to
this province in 1886 and commenced buainees
as a builder.
The  Major and Aldermen have oor hearty
good wishes.    Long m»y they live to fill their
seTeral positions with honor to themselves and
to the profit and welfare of their ruling city.
the c. r. a.
So mnch has been written and said from tims
to time of the Canadian Pacifio Railroad which,
moreover, oan well afford to blow it. own trumpet, through it. own publication., that we will
S , U. ? ,np "luab,e ■P»oe by repeating the
oft told tale To any thiulmg man iti. enough
■?_**»■»■ Vancouver as th. deep-water, main.
U,a..r?S,ns!" "' ,thn   P-anti* TOBd.      IU fatur.
is assured beyond all question.
log. about 12 inches iu diameter, flat are
placed about 9 feet apart. The read* and their
various branches are made to follow the grouad
so as to secure a natural and gradual incline to
ths water. Tree, are selected and felled al <ng-
■ide the roads or within a certain distance
therefrom.    The above cut .how.
Engaged in felling a tree. Our readers will
observe tbat if the logger at o I ou tbe ground,
or even at his own height therefrom, the circumference of the '.r, .■ .1 t.'iat |»'iui would gir.
him double the work tbat it avail highsr up.
Tne logger, therefore, cuts a notch in the tree
at Ihe rrq lired distauo. lrom ths ground aud
in this notch he insert, his "springboard."
and en thia he stands aa he cuts the tree in its
■mailer circumference. Alter the trees are
felled comes the
■ -s  .   o|-T."
That ia. the placing them ou the "skid road."
This is done by means of a cable, a snatch-
block and an ox team of 8 to 10 oxen. On. «nd
of tbe cable is fastened to a tree or a .tump, at
the right angle on the opposite aide of the road.
The anatch block is then lasteued to the trunk,
tbe oxen pull upon th. block aud by thia immense leverage the truuk is drawn and.placed
upon the road.
A   "l.OAD',
I. theu made up on the road. Twelve oxen are
chained to the load of logs; the skids are well
greased, the fore part of each log is "sniped"
'that is beveled like an ice-sled) so as to run
over the skids without catobing in, or
tearing them up, and in thi. manner a load of
some 6,000 to 8.000 ,'eet at a time is hauled
down to water.
a "booh"
Is formed of some four to five hundred thou*-
,__ _      .. , — ** •»   •■Bur uti>auai  mucn i —  .  nrr>'niN un i iiititr wi«*"" —
reiM   SLIT  »»<>»•«..  her. and hold the   '•tf™ of the   "drag ' .t ,he  Commercial MU1
caoiial  ,r?J „ .22! for "* »»ouot of energy.       "ere we are theu bask stain with
nt. they wiUnot be long in doing it either
Tbe mill has a cap u-itv for 75.000 feet a day,
and employs .bout ;«10 men (all wbitel.
In connection with the null ia a
And a scow now on'the slips is inwurse of **•
Here   also   waa   built   their »»»
Ti.uhthe6rmm^r;rite,rd<!not •&
creek.   You wdl flrTrl lTwmi11" Jo»» "cross False ! slruction.     net
Messrs.   Le«mT MTwS.m*^m" Proprietors, I good  8. 8.   Mamie,   registering 1>0  tons, *ss
every attention, and von' SaE. " u 0W 7°°   ""Si"18 "1",",U "' *"•<*"-'
of th. prettiest  vi.wjo? vii    '" °bUm °"\     **??■   U,m^    V   •">•  "'"led  h*re  <*'T
a stretch of tandaoane th.. *ncoOTir "d enioy   *oms 12 months since, and  have  already dous
the world,    l'.ncil, ^^c"^^ be beaten in   wondera-putting  up  tbeir mill aid buildii*
over there abounded in "ti,.V v.?.* W.hol<> ,hor'   "PPort»nant thereto, built th. ir steamboat as*
tbat m.y mean, .nd that evlr^"^ »hateT.r   »»• «« or .ev.n  scow., and altogether roa
■oms new picture   Mcnmrhp0aKhtou'   W-°"" "toni.ned  ,t tne  busy scens
the other.    H.iuath.-.i      *  than
mill, but i7£?t£2V°y*e
r in" the
was neceaaary to reserve ths
J?*   "noths,   oooason.      Oar
10,      and      wftl      observe      the
ill  to the
^T9?1". down" frooT
• the tiJUZL now *" *»• °«*'n«. «
route to the
the busy i~~—
to which ih«y have just cosapl't*"
pile driving for a new yaid and «.b factory, o»
the Vancouver town ait*, just opposite ib"!
mill near the C. P. R round-honae. ass
i handy to their line of rails,
'hey   constructed   a   ..itch light int* j
their new yard.
They so a large local troda, aad    IrsaJy abi»J
lb   aonslderably to u. East.
Real Estate Brokers
% Financial Agents
Dices at Vancouver and New Westminster, B. G.
We have the
Choicest Lots
On the Market
We can get
Any Other
For You at
■■ HBasBSBsaf ^ '"' BSBsasi ^^    ^---^L_i^A^---
Lowest Prices.    jfortiMfe^^
Agents for the
Comprising the
Greater Part
Of Lot 185,
the "Nob Hill"
of Acres
of Acres
Make No Mistake, "but Go to
Managed for Non-Residents
Wilson Block,   Cordova st.,   Vancouver. V
Continued from Eighth Page.
"History   Repeats   Itself."
"If I had invested a hundred dollars, sir, in
San Francisco in the 'early days' and hung on
till now, I'd have been worth my million. Just
think of it!" Point out the man on the coast
who has not heard some 'Friscan complaining
of his luck somewhat as above.
In Chicago you will meet with the same
weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth, and
so indeed in the vicinity of any of our rapidly-
gTowing cities. Perhaps nothing strikes- a Tit"
iior from the old country so forcibly as the fatvu-
lous growth of our centers of industry.
On tbis continent we have become familiarized with the sudden springing into existence
of almost ready.made towns. We pass over
the rolliug prairies or beat our wayjthrongh the
tangled forest and on our return a few months
later, houses have replaced the trees, whilst
streets and eable cars monopolize the prairie,
and it is thought beneath our dignity to give
expression even to an exclamation of surprise.
If we could only know before hand the winning horse at the approaching Derby, or the
lucky number of the Louisiana Lottery, what a
snug little fortune we might make, nnd so with
the cities that spring themselves upon ns as if
by magic on this continent of ours. If we
could only get the ''straight tip" as to what city
wonld secure the popular favor; what spot on
the prairie; what tangled mass in the forest
would forthwith blossom and bud with houses
and stores and busy industries, how easy it
would be to become a millionaire!
Barely do "coming events cast their shadows
before " with the same marked outline as in
tbis infant City of Vancouver, and yet will
history repeat itself. Many will be the lamentations in a few years to come about the
"golden opportunity lost."
When Hastings street is connected with Hastings by cable-ear, when Granville street has become the "Market street, "extending to English
hay and taps the agricultural district beyond;
when Cordova street gives place to wholesale
stores, and Waler street and the whole of the
level ground of the hollow and along the line,
become monopolized by shippers and merchants; when smelters and foundries, shipyards and factories, and the grimy homes of
steel and iron, coal and coke fringe the magnificent stretch ol waterfront; when the whole
peninsula is covered with bricks and mortar,
the town extending along the Westminster
road, and the busy ferries taking the surplus
population to the second Oakland across the
Day, then shall we hear the same groans in the
streets of Vancouver, the same striking upon
the thigh, as in our own city of "Frisco to-day:
" Oh, that I had given any price in the ' early
days' to have bought the lots where new
stands that factory, that smelter, that warehouse or the like." "Just to think that I
might have owned half Market (Granville)
street, or the whole of Kearny (Powell) street.
If I had only looked a little ahead, and studied
a bit the signs of the times." These and such
like regrets will follow with the same certainty
as will the rapid development of the oity.
We know of no place where
Are, or ever have been, so clearly marked as in
this same city of Vancouver. Let us summarise a few of them:—
1. Here is just now completed the end (or
the beginning, which you please,) of the mainland portion of a line that circles the globe.
Here is the spot that men of unsurpassed
to the place as being too cramped and narrow in
its views and aspirations, and content, moreover, at all times, to sit in tbe manger and bowl
if others attempted to do that which it either
could not or would not do itself.
A local press should be supported at all
times, and, indeed, subsidized if necessary;
but its supporters should be careful to select
an editor, with broad ideas, and one capable of
viewing everything tending to the interests of
tbe city from a disinterested standpoint.
Such, then, are some of the
Concerning this city and her people. The
"Cane.," as will be seen, are comparatively
trivial in themselves, and easily remedied; the
"Pins.." in our opinion, are as everlasting as
tbe hills.
We will not leave the line of thought suggested by this article without a word upon the
We have stated a fee of our reasons for
thinking tbat this oity will rapidly enter the
lists with the other wonuerful growths on this
continent, and it will be as well, therefore, to
compare its present values with those of some
of our remarkable cities that a few short years
ago could only show values Vancouver
ot to-day:
Comparative prices of.valuable property per
front foot in
Chicago ! $6000
Cincinnati  3000
Cleveland  3000
San Francisco  3000
St. Louis  2500
Los Angeles 2000
Omaha    1000
Denver        -60
Vancouver     150
Comparative table of tha cheapest business
property within one mile of the center of business, per foot frontage:
Chicago *300
St. Louis 200
Cincinnati  150
San Francisco      150
Los Angeles 150
Cleveland  100
Denver  100
Omaha  100
Vancouver—altogether too low to estimate—
say about $300 per acre.
Comparative table of residential property
per foot frontage:
San Francisco...
St. Louis	
Los Angeles	
J    100
From the above, it will be seen, therefore, if
we are right in our judgment as to the probable
rapid growth of this city, and the public can
weigh well some of onr reasons stated above
for arriving at this conclusion, then indeed
there is ample room yet for profitable investment as well as profitable enterprises, and our
prophecy above, we tbink, will be fulfilled, tbat
fn a very few sears to come, groans will be
heard in the streets of Vancouver, and many a
slap upon the thigh as people bewail the
chance they missed by not investing in the
early days.
energy, pluck, perseverance, skill, money, forethought and indonritable will, have spent
$200,000,000 to reach !
3. Here is a port, whilst yet in its infancy,
that holds the backing and support, not merely
of the Dominion and her strongest and most
capable men, but also of her mother country
—a country at once the wealthiest and most
powerful of the world.
4. Here is the first mainland touching point
We are indebted to Messrs. Band
Brothers—whose judgment in matters relating
to real estate Is second to none on this continent—for the above tables, as also for much
valuable information respecting Vancouver and
vicinity. We take this opportunity of acknowledging our obligations and of thanking them
warmly for their courtesy and attention.
Rand Brothers.
If every one in this exceptionally wideawake,
go-ahead city was possessed of the same energy
and business-like capacity, tbe same fearlessness of " casting their bread upon the waters "
—tbe same recognition of the advantages to be
derived from seeking for outside support and
the sharing of the good things this city enjoys
as do tbe Band Bros., this wonderful infant
would be still more wonderful to-day even than
it is. The prica of lots would be even double
wbat they are, many would be the substantial
enterprises even now in full blast, and large indeed would be the outside capital flowing
hitherward for investment and the fostering of
legitimate industries.
Messrs. Band Brothers are thorough-going
THE WILSON BLOCK—Hand Bros.'s Offices, the CUy Druq Store, and other business houses.
by water with her rich sister colonies of Anstra-1 real estate brokers, with whom it is a pleasure
lasia, and the wealth of the Indies; whilst, on
the other band, here is tbe List house of call,
bo to speak, ou the mainland, at the end of a
line traversing a country larger in area than tbe
United States. These lines of travel, moreover,
being deemed of sufficient importance already
to secure a special and substantial subsidy from
Great Britain.
5. Here, also, is the most perfect harbor
the world cun show, entirely protected at every
point, and capable of affording shelter to the
largest fleet and the biggeBt ships of any navy
of modern times.
6. Here coal and iron, both of the first
quality, go hand in hand, a similar cause alone
accounting for the secret of England's greatness to-day. England is the workshop of the
world, and who shall say that similar causes
will not shortly make Vancouver the workshop
of the Pacific slope?
7. Here is the most charming climate of the
world, and the gronnd-work for one of the
most picturesque residential quarters that Dame
Nature could bestow.
8. Whilst not only does coal, iron and lumber
lie at her very threshold, and rich minerals
within her province only awaiting short branches from -lit- new trunk line for their development, but tbe food supply for her own requirements is practically inexhaustible. The finest
salmon may be bought at your door for a cent
a pound, and the islands and delta of the Eraser liver, under 5 miles distant, supply some
hundreds of thousands of acres of the finest
agricultural land in the world, being an accumulation ot the washings of the mountains.
These are a few of the thoughts
that will occur to any business man
as he contt-mpl.*tea this intant city, but the list
migbt be continued almost without end.
On the other hand
to ne cbiticsx:
The streets are somewhat too narrow. The
seat ot government of the railroad (Montreal;
—considering tbe enormous bearing it has upon the place—is too remote from the town,
thus losing touch of its interests and wishes, to
the common detriment of the company and the
people alike. The people are somewhat too
conbervative, timid at uuopting anything n< w
or lifting themselves out of a rut. and whilst
very energetic in all mutters touching their
own comfort or the well-being ot their city, are
apt to be content to lose more than half the
benefit of their energy by u>.og very inadequate means to take their light from under a
bushel—an evidence, of **n tail influence,"
"absenteeism," * delegated authority," or come
similar cause tending to n rrowrnindedness.
hhowing small cap icily to grasp the future, as
well as a of aspiration b- yoiid the mediocre.
It is a curious fact tbat narrow street* in our
experience are alwayn sure and certain evidences
that there are Biiue narrow minds around exciting their inilueuc■-. Vai couver, in some
respects, shows iinruistuk hie signs of compromises effected b> tlie broader una more far-
sighted citizens with their smaller minded.
wtak-ku. t it brethren. In the natureof thing*,
■ome men with minds as hi all as tneir bodies,
must txiht in evtry community, tut it would be
a wise policy to buy them out and to send them
back from wbeme tbey came—one small
minded man will do more to rt t rd a nraiHi than
ten strong men can do to urge it forward —a
fac*t that the citizens in all the three citits ot
British Columbia wou-d do well to bear in
mind at each recurring election. We can thoroughly sympathize with those
Enterprising meu, who, in spite of all opposition, have carried this oity through all its municipal difficulties withadiaplay of forethought,
judgment, and breadth of ideas that have not
only produced ts unique in themselves,
but that have, moreover, left such an impress
npon their work tb-u the careful observer cannot fall to recognize in this city au infant
prodigy destined for great things. Our kind
friends will pardon us one more criticism. It
is a pity that the
Ii not up to the standard of its sister cities.
A local newspaper plays a most important
part, and bus Us own, welt-defined duties to
perform. No one, moreover, expects it to
make itself ridiculous by any attempt to go
beyond them,
If the local press moreover, from any cause, cannot offer hospitality to an accredited editor oh a
visit to the city, it would at Icftst be well to observe the usual courtesy of returning his call
by leaving a card. This the more if he receive! a visit from a confrere of another nationality. We think, for the credit of the Stars
aud tit ripen, we may my that an editor of the
local press in Vancouver would find the metropolitan press of 'Frisco more alive to the
Amenities of society.
However, this is a small matter, and
is thrown in incidentally on the spur
of the moment. What we intended to allude to
was, that the press appeared to be a detriment
to do business; not merely is their jarfgment
unsurpassed, their business record spotless,
their experience large and their knowledge as
experts in their line of business beyond dispute, but their enterprise is endless, and their
energy is a by-word in the province. Up with
tbe lark, they are nevertheless not afraid of
the midnight oil; here, there and everywhere
with their customers and clients, it is wonderful how they get through the daily routine
of their business.
From our own observation it appeared to us
tbat more feet crossed their threshold in a day
than that of any other house in town in a week.
Here are their headquarters, but they have a
branch also at New Westminster, and have
some oi tbe most desirable investments to offer
in any part of tbe town or province- including
large lists of city properties, as well as farms
and ranches on the Fraser river delta, and in
all parts of the province. Mines and mining
stock also fall within their sale lists, as also
iron and coal lands, timber limits, and every
imaginable property or investment to be found
in the province. They have just moved into
their fine new offices, situate in the Wilson
block, the largest building in town—a cut of
which appears above.
"The  Premier."
"Ease 'erl" "Stop 'erl" "Turn 'er starn!"
What "innocent abroad" has not taken his
penny ride down the Thames from Westminster to London bridge, or from the Surrey Side
to Charing Cross, and watched the poor little
urchin shivering in the wet and cold, keeping
one eye down the engine room and the other
fixed upon the captain as he walks the" bridge '•
above? The captain signals with his fingers to
the boy on the deck below, who howls out the
order down the hatchway to the engineer:
"'Ed easy!" " sturn-n-n easy!" Everything
easy except tbe passengers, who, as a rule, are
pretty uneasy—packed like sardines ou one
deck without a saloon or a cabin—not even a
root or au awning, wet or shine, baking hot or
freezing cold. This primitive stfite of things
exists, we believe, to tbis day, and we often
wondi r what some of our Old Country friends
would say could they be suddenly transferred
to the deck of one of the floating palaces that
span tbe inland seas of the far West—if they
would venture to tbe term incognita, beyond
the wild home of Buffalo Bill and the uncivilized redskin, the land of the setting sun* and
the fnr-Li.'d settlements of the Hudson Bay!
We wiil endeavor to give our refined and luxuriant L >ndon friends a little idea of th- sort of
boats we indulge in here as we travel from
point to point ou the sounds and straits and inland seas of this rough and tumble country of
their imagination.
Well, here is the "Premier" lying at
the wharf ; come aboard with us, O
luxurious Londoner! No, no. You need not
bring tbat umbrella with you; if it sbould ruin
we will promise you better shelter than struggling against the wind and storm wiih that
flimsy thing as if you were on one of your own
penny boats on the busy Thames! Ah! beie
we are. Come in here. This is the drawing-
room. What do you think of it f One hundred and thirty feet long and more.. This is
belter than getting under an nmbrel'n, eh?
Try one of those easy chairs or throw yourself
at length ou that soft cushioned couch. You
can take a nap, no one will disturb yon, and
this thick Brussels carpet will deaden all noise.
\ot tkepjf? Well, then, we'll get on with our
inspection. See that piano by J. A' C, Fischer
of New York? Oh, yes, we have "heaps of
fun " on the "Premier" sometimes — no one
thinks of getting seasick here.
Thoto oil pnihtinys in ihe panel? They are
illustrative of the scenery in British Columbia.
Just look into one or two of theso staterooms, there are forty-four on this upper deck
and forty-eight below—altogether the boat can
accommodate 13f> passengers—see there are
two comfortable berths to each state-room,
fitted with spring mattresses and everything
that modern comfoit can think of. No danger
of upsetting a lamp or setting your bed on fire,
no necessity even to strike a match to get a
light, just turn that tap and you havo at once
a bright electric light; turn it back and yon are
in darkness again. Those taps over the wash
basin supply you with hot or cold water at
pleasure at any time of night or day. Turn
the other tap there, tbe basin will empty itself,
no fear of upsetting anything. Now just look
in here. This is one of the bridal chambers.
There are five rooms like this; see, pull back
that curtain,a regular double "fourposter." Ah!
we thought this would "fetch you."   Regular
floating hotel, eh? Notice that bureau, that
mirror, that wardrobe, that washstand. Like
to get married, would you? just for the sake of
being entitled to ta^e one of these double state'
rooms? Well there's plenty of opportunity for
making desperate love aboard, see all these
little flirtation corners round the drawing-rcom
with soft seats and cool retreats, to say
nothing of the charming promenades on the
upper deck. Now let ns walk through behind
here. This is tbe smoking-room, about 20x30
feet, here you may enjoy your cigar in peace
or indulge in a quiet game of whist tha while.
On the middle deck is a fine saloon   with
It may be noticed that the word "boom," except us applied to a raft of logs, nowhere appears in tbis edition, as applied to British'
Columbia or  any   portion   of   the   province,
property is riirtatly placed Some agents for
instance will just "suck" a big estate for what
it is worth, content merely to sit down idly anil
take their fees as they come along- Others will
be content to take the lion's share of commissions whilst they let some minor agents do toe
work, spend the money in advertising and developments, and generally hunt up the buyers
and settlers. And others again will actually
wish to retard a sale or to keep back the natural
arowth of a country in order that they may
"have it all." If landowners cannot see through
'these narrow-minded, smill-souled individuals
it ia no business of ours to open their eyes, but
««1 estate offloes would be besieged by lines
ofpeo^e exfendiug a quarter of . ««• «£
bag'their turn, like the crowd at •£•*■**■**
o/a sal. of P»'«,« ,«oket9/Thf. Tbere
Britisher, however, will none of th... There
i, not the slightest particle af> >•»■.*■«
the prices rise-rapidly nse and steadily rise-
in spite of everything. .
The following are some of the more prominent real estate men in this city:
Occupy very handsome new premises in the
Lady Stephens Block.   '
new   piciutno-'   •—	
The bnilding is of a
state-rooms and offices, aud on the deck below, all above the water line, a comfortable
dining-room arsanged to seat some forty
persons at a time. We'll go down to dinner
presently, but come up here first to the upper
deck. Now isn't this a fine place to "take
your walks abroad" and get up your appetite.
There's the captain's room and there the first
officer's. Isn't tbat good enough for a prince?
That is the "wheel house" right in the bow
(see accompanying sketch). No necessity here
for the notice that invariably meets you in the
Old Country of "do not«peak to the man at
tbe wheel," the public don't get a chance of
doing so here. The wheel is comfortably
housed, protected from wind and weather, and
placed at tbe vantage point whence the
clearest look-out can be obtained; no boy is
wanted to try his lnugs against the storm before you can "stop 'er" or "turn 'er starn."
From this Bluebeard's closet, where no one is
permitted to enter, the captain can communicate at once with the engineer or indeed with
any part of the ship.
Speaking of the engineer reminds us that
tbe engines are well worth inspection. They
were made entirely by the Union Iron Works of
San Francisco and are of the very latest design.
All the pipes center to one point and the engineer can control every part of the machinery
without moving his position, thus closing or
opening any given valve jnst by stretching out
and the   omis?ion is natural.    Had  we been^sre do say to  our
traveling  through   California  the   word would
iends and distant
1 readers *»orre*pond
probably have appeared twenty times in every-^-ith and
column, but a "boom" is not indigenous to thej    MAKe todb De-
soil where floats the British flag.    A species of qui si us
*'boom."oertainIy,may be forced into existence of»  UVB  and en6r"
•. 5 .a. ..   * - _- i      w  .!cede    men ;     seek
here and there—a sort of spurious article—but j*onr property. your city lot,  your farm. .
it invariably "busts." enterprise, whatever it "may be, where men of
__ (energy and push are surrounding you; be care-
the bbitish DETKBT anything FOBCBD jfaj to se*tle od estates, or sections, or quar-
And unnatural,   and would    simply   avoid ajters of a   city   where   the   owner,  or   agent
, ., ,,       ., -  a j % M    ..    -or ruling spirit is alive aud wide-awake and you
boom as they would avoid a painted face, or a™.,*^ ^ ^ h Toa pBY twice tbe incmy
bleached bead of hair.    Some people carry thiB fQr voar interest.
feeling, however, to an i    As we mentioned in another columu, the city
I of Vancouver recently
AB3UBD  AND   DAMAGING  EXTENT. !Ui   »•"""«.«   *«v j
—   .   i., tt-   . u *u i *»**! VOTED 325,000 AS A   BtrBSIDT
Notably m Victoria,   where   the   real estate
agents hove an idea that everybody is going to!For Bmelting works. In itself this may not be
\~   . . , .   w, ... ,_ a very crest thine, but as an indication   of  the
hunt up a geography to search out British *££ ft cannot be overestimated. In casting
Columbia, and that tbey are doing their dutyl jn your iot with men of this calibre you may
to their clients by hanging up a big map of | rest assured that your interest will be secured,
the property entrusted them for sale* and that men of fjresight, judgment and capao-
in some fusty little inner office wherelity will look ahead sufficiently for the protec-
nebody oan see it! In the opinion j tion, well-being and prosperity of the oom-
of these exclusive agents, it would, in fact, bejmunity. And as with cities, so with property
quite an indelicate act to expose their city to|owners, so with agents. Let as urge you
the public gaze through the columns of a news; again to cast in your lot with those who give
paper.   These men.   moreover,   are  equally!bast proof that tbey are alive and wide awake.
Moodyville from the Milt Grounds.
very substantia' character, constructed of massive granite blocks. A sketch of tbe*e premises will be found on p*ge 11 of this edition.
Half the building is devoted to the use of the
Postoffice, and Messrs. Ross & Ceperley occupy the other half. It will be seen, therefore,
that they 'hold the fort,' so far as position and
locality are concerned. Their office, moreover,
is handsomely fitted! and furnished, and the
whole surroundings at once inspire you with
confidence in the solidity, reliability, enterprise
and capacity of the men who are conducting
the business*.
The Senior partner holds a very enviable and
■oon acquired the reputation of being the most euo
3id olxTutor in Canada, bu name extending to well us overihis v ontinent. Aa he was
SSdandta t*- ihurou*hly posted and thus able
t-V aniicinate an inoreaae in values, his every
movinient was watched by other realef-UUenienand
?rTv Sniuear in 1881-2, he cleared over »MO.00O.
whirl was all re-invested, while durln* six months
of thii period his monthly oaah depot*.!* in ihe
taiik frini rcrciPtsof «Ues made by Fum ra.. from
Snow to JwOO.000. and everything he
f^'hS was » success until the i^oom"
touched     was     » whoQ      hf)      ,0(|t
^vthinl? through his unbounded faith lo
fhe^MtiSaJ reSSreea of the Northwest, and its
rapidT development. In 1881. when tbe C. H. R.
ca. commenctsd the construction of tue national
hatrhwar with r*markahle energy, there was a rush
of capital and enterprise to U innipeg, and it was
not the visionary ones alone who went thither,
but sober experienced and thoughtful men.
Through a variety of causes the rush came to a
standstill: banks and monetary institutions. srUoh
had hitherto encouraged the wildest of HtR-cuiations,
suddenly lightened an i called in their loans, then
followed almost » panic with the strewn wrecks J
of ihe "boom." All surrered, th<- oldest and wisest ■
as well as the rest being covered in the wreck* and
had the "boom" not burst when it did, Mr. Ross'
success would have been pointed out as one of the
most marvelous on the Contiuen'; but after all the? I
experience and lesson have Iht-ir value, and Mr.
I toss is now on the road to speedily retrieve the
past. In Manitoba he was connected with nearly
every project that had for its object the development of the country, and was chosen to represent
the Great Northwest in the "Huwland Syndicate"
to construct the C K It, In 1884 he came to
British Columbia to commence life again, aud he
had some Interest at Port Moody, the then terminus of the C.P.R. On a visit to this place as well
aa to tbe present site of Vancouver he immediately decided ths latter could only be ths
tor the permanent terminus of the great trant-
contlneutai railway; and at once declared it was
one of the finest natural town site* in the world,
which is every day becoming more patent through
the energy and enterprise of its ciusens. He then
assisted very materially in having the change of
terminus made to its present site; and has unbounded faith in the great future of Vancouver.
He entered politics in 1875, beiug elected to represent Spriugtfeld in the begislitive Assembly of
.Manitoba, and on a general election bsing held in
1879 was re-elected, and had only three votes polled
against him. He resigned in 1SX. to contest I.i«>gar
for the House of Commons and was elected, defeating Dr. mow Swett) Schultx, a very strong
man, and the oldest member tor the county. At
the last general election, although residing in
British Columbia for three years, his constituents
returned him by acclamation. Ihe number of
voters in the county is 6003. During his term in
Parliament Mr. ltoss hus made two speeches, especially dealing with the future of the (
Northwest, which at once gave him a strong position in the House. These speeches wire printed
by the tjtovernment and the C. P. It. Co., and scattered broadcast as immigration literature.
He is a thoruMbch Canadian in it* broadest ^crtmc,
as distinguished from paro-hial or provincial* and
from an inHmattf know-led*-..* ot t|„- coiinu-% . DSSV
aiders the hope of the future greatness of lanada
rests upon the development of the unlimited natural recourses of the region from Lake Superior to
the Pacific Ocean- His principal traits of character
are geniality, indomitable will, energy and perseverance. Here as in Winnipeg he is thoroughly
posted about advancing values.
H.   r.   t'KnERr KV,
The     junior    member    of     the    Arm   of   Itoss
& Ceperley, is   an      .\meriean.     waa     horn    in
Otsego   county. New   York, in  ISM.   educated   nt
Whitestown   .Seminary. °f   'he   same   State.    H* i
came to Minnesota  at   the  age   of 21   years, and
since that time has traveled   extensively through ,
the Western  ftltates  and   Territories, the lasi taftl
years having   been    -pent    in    New  Mcxit o  and I
Montana in the real estate and insun.iue bu-nie--.
representing at one time   in   .Montana   hfiecMi   ot
the leading English and American Fire Insurance
companies.    Air.   Ceperley   possesses  a thorough
knowledge of the business in which he is engaged;
he is a memberof the Vancouver Board of Trade,
>tnd was elected to the first conncil of that body.
He   is %   live, energetic   and   thoroughly reliable
We can assure our readers that any business entrusted to Messrs. Boss & Leperley will receive
prompt and careful attention.
A sketch of Messrs. Hand Bros, will be found in
another column.
.   C.    JNNKS   &   CO,
Another wide-awake firm here is that of Messrs-
F. C. Innes & Co. Mr. Innes is in fact the pioneer
real estate man in this city, and no one is better ar-
auainted with values, or has had greater facilities
ian he has for acquiring oil that special knowledge
which can be obtained only by the man who starts
with the beginning. Moreover his partner, who is an able to give the most careful and reliable
attention to the examination of titles and the preparation of legal documents. Mr. Innes also is a
Notary Public, and the firm, besides being real
estate brokers and conveyancers, do a considerable
business as financial and insurance agents
Messrs. Innes 8c Co. are not only well acquainted
in Eastern Canada, but Mr. Innea is himself fatnll
isr with the whole of tbe Pacific Coast, and has a
thorough knowledge of the various methods of
transacting business in its several States and districts, together with its general requirements.
necessities, developments and interests.
Mr. Innes is himself a large property owner In
this city and vicinity, comprisingsomeof theehoic
eat business and residential lots in the market.
Messrs. Innes & Co. are noted for their square
dealings, their push and enterprise, and for the en-
ergv, perseverance, painstaking and ability shown
in the conduct of tbeir business.
H.    A.   JO.N'EH   &   CO.
We do not pretend to account for the "reason
why, but it always doe* appear to ns that real
estate men who hail from "the States" can get
through more work in a day than anv other real
estate men can in a week. They seem to have
gotten the "hangof it" somehow. It is but neccscarv
forus to say that Mr. H. a. Jones comes from the
new a sort of building and loan soc,..,*
stock broking business. ui*urani*iiiL7„*,!,,J estate,
like, with correspondents in ■]. thsTLjT^tad ths
the world. That ihi>r - omprehensivl^^^Uta3
grow and increase w ith the same tmtM SH?"* *HI
city of their selection is, in oor Ju<E^nfl*,es*wj
3oestion.    Their banking bougefi^j™*.. bsyood
orva street, nearly oppnsit* las r   jd^,00 * or*
Company's office*.    The foundsUojJ*. i •n*l,wi
H.u.r I      l>        nf '  Olid   HfcM-
upper portion of brick. Th" u,t»L ***& the
building is flushed oft in hanSSl,* * the
in rx.ellent taste. With a lar^flrTLi?C? «<
prwf *afc and every ot her <*oii-reniet-»e« ^°rlar
sary fitting, proper and useful for th*,,Vt* »•*•».
A sketch of their premises wm be fouSi\r*»ta.
vertising column*. "-ourn.
Messrs. Bewieke & WulfTVohn haves*-,-,
correspondent* in Humhury. Berlin ViTnr^5,*«
Havre, Antwerp, I^mdon. (.laagowMont ^J**>
York. San Krancisco, \'n tori-., B.*C. Kids N*w
neiro, Hueno* Ayres, Yokohama. Kobe Hm.-l Jft~
Shanghai. Hungkok. and other places." """Woo*
One department in devot, d to a general bai.ti.
and stock broking business, and tha other ioi»**
eral real estate and itiKiiranei' business.    Thtr C5.
agencies for the ksasHa* hie. tin- and inartiait!!r*
ance offices of   the  world, and ss capiuiii.t« ii
command many advantages, amongst others. iSI*
ing losses rig l»t  a way. w nhuiit waiting lor ii..'"
rival of the mone> Trum Ih.  urhVe.    An SiGuntm.   ,
of this kind cdme under our  imiiee uhiUt  «* i
in the town.    A lire hap;■• i,--d on the Ulb of Jul!
(ember; the claim fur II.Vu was ndjusu-d mila ™£
on   tVtoher   being  far uhead  of  UniT!S
settlement ot any other otli. e in town. w
We are indebted to Me---*. Ilewirke & Wnlff
sohn for many a. ts of > Indiissm, and take this oimnV
tnnity of acknowledging our appreciation ot Th-'
attention and genuine hospitality shown m br itJijZ
whilst in the provnn e. * ^*"
Leland   House.
What Driard House Is to VI, »nria Leland
House ia t Vancouver The autographs of aa
Lords and my Ladies, adorn the Kcgister. Ths
elite amongst the taartosl follow like sheep as if by
Instinct, and e\ery one feci- mote than satisned if
he is lucky enough to find a "shake-down." Inside
everything is done that careful uianagcnicut and
an obliging nature candoto eater to the comfort
and enjoyment of the guests. Ihe house has recently changed hands and is now under the proprietorship of Mr. Wm. Prout. who lately conduct.
ed a similar business in Victoria- Mr. J. K. Inaley
so well known as the owner and late proprietor of
the Colonial Hotel, .tt .New Westminster, holds
the position of manager. Already have Mr. snd
Mrs. Prout become deservedly popular -sitb tbeir
guesU.and as a consequence during our stay wefr*.
qucntly observed thai the house was not Urge
enough to meet tt.u demands u|»o> it The houae
>,i i.,,i.-.l .ri ii-#Hiit-r*sTreet is k Imv** bu.Idlus; of
ihr-i'e Morten, capable or affording ....'"mmodauoa
to attout 100 gucHls. It is close to the depot and
the wharf, as well as near and handy to the busiasse
jrortiun ia the town. The dtiiiug-ro m is very nicely
ntted up and arranged to seat ubout forty *ue«Ua.t
a time. Un the ground floor also is tin-billiard room
bar and office, all separate, the la ter used bkswiss
as a reading and snu k: ng room. (-n the floor above
is a pretty drawing room and anti-draw ing room
with a ran nu | piano by liaine* of New York!
and the bed-chambers on tliat and tlie floor above
are ail comfortable and well-furnished room*.
Kach floor ojhts on to a vt-rand*. where are
found comfortable seats and from whence may be
eiijnjed a view of the most charming scenery this
perfect • ountrj can produce. We understaud that
very exten-ive alterations and additions are in ■ on-
temptation, and then.- is no doubt that next spring
will see gnat ■ hang* s here. A tut of the budding
as also a *d.eti li or :be TftatJ from the veranda wdl
be found in these columns.
Mr aud .Mrs. irom nave our best wishes,
aim we <-an recommend their house with confidence, whether to the iitixeus or to tourists.
Oppenhelmer   Brothers
Are direct importers and strictly wholesale dealers in groceries, and have obtained fnr themselves
a well-earned reputation throughout this coast for
reliability, enterprise and progress. The flrro carry everything in the grocery line, and do a very
considerab.e business Tbey occupy a line new
brick building on Pow ell street, a sketch of whick
will be found in our advertising columns. Tne
Oppeuhrinier Brothers are both active members of
the City Council, and are referred to more folly la
our orticlo-in-chicf uj-on Vancouver.
his hand from where be atando. An independent engine works the dynamo for the electric
lights. There is a donkey engine also, used to
heat the rooms, to supply hot water, to drive the
pumps, the hydrants and the like. Printed m-
structiona direct each officer and man and even
passengers, what to do in case of fire, thus providing against all coin'u -ion. Tho ship is divided into seven air tight, water tight aud fireproof compartments, the coal bonkers occupying one, and each deck can be flooded just by
turning a handle.
The boat is owned by Captain npencer, of
Portland, Oregon, and is chartered by the Pacific Navigation Company. She has a regular
ran between Vancouver and Paget Sound, ply-
cautions on public grounds not to do anything
that would be likeiy to assist iu attracting
n't i.tion to the province. *• It might
have the effect of stimulating the more rapid
development of the country, you know, and
I sbould have more to attend to then than I
could possibly manage." We have actudly
heard some of the leading real estate men in
Victoria airing these views in all seriousness I
The real estate men (generally speaking) ol
Vancouver and New Westminister are made of
diftehest sikttlk.
Now let us whisper a word of advice in
tbe ears of our friends at a distance.
If you   are   desirous   of   settling   in  British
From the bent of the foregoing remarks our
readers, we trust, will be able to follow us
therefore, when we say tbat there is an immense difference between "booming** a place
and calling legitimate attention to its natuial
resources, and fostering their development.
British ColumbL* is certainly not booming.
Tbe rapid growth of tbe cities, the increase in
population, the vast and steady advance in
values, are
Arising from recent exceptional circumstances
in a country unprecedented for the wealth of
Its natural resources.
It would   be strange indeed if a country so
imp > positiou as M. P. (Let us here explain to the uninitiated tbat "3!. P. P." means
^'Member of the Provincial Parliament,*' and
"M. P." the much more important position of
"Member of the Dominion Parliament.") Mr
Ross then is one of the Representatives of the
country in the Dominion Parliament. His career has been a very honorable one, though
checkered, and of considerable interest. We
feel constrained, therefore, to give a brief Bketch
of his life.
M***. A. v itoss, n. A.—M. P.
WSJ born March B, lsiti. at Nairn, County of Mid-
<i'es--x, Ontario. Kducatedat Nairn Village School
«ardsville Cnunnmr School, Toronto Normal
.school, L mverslty College, and gruduated as B. A.
at  loronto University. He waa Inspector of Public
ing three times a week between tbe terminus of
the Northern Pacific with tbe terminus of the
Canadian Pacific R-tilroadn.
Sb■■ has a speed of fifteen miles an hour
(economical), but is Capable of running seventeen miles au hour.
Now come down with us to dinner, we will
crack a bottle of fine old dry champsgne—for
we can vouch for its quality—and pledge the
health of the genial manager of the Pacific
Navigation Company, Captain Irving, may
whose shadow never grow lea.
Columbia, of investing in farms or lota,
opening up any new enterprise, or what not,
let us urge you to place yourselves in tho bund-*
of thoso men who give best public proof of
their enterprise and push.
and interests who place tbeir aff-urs in the
hands of agents lacking any particle of enterprise, have themselves to thank for wbat they
consider their ill-luck. They are mostly on the
spot and ought to see at a glance whether their
vast lu its extent and so fabulously rich in its
minerals, its fish, its lumber and natural products could be suddenly transported from the
outer wilds to the center of one of the miin
highways of the world, without being brought
a little into prominence or having its values
somewhat revolutionised. We can only say
that were any section of California suddenly
to receive one*teuth of the cause for a "boom1*
as now exists in British Colutnrfo, values
would go out of all recognition properties
would change hands twenty tim*     week, and
i"k-1 II,,,,! T.,L iV ■" *,.■!'"■■-• "'KTward. Ilea. ko»s
«,'r. ; , .i L ,'!oS."- K,ll»»'*.- H»K««rt. Il-pflrm
I . ,n , ™, , ™ '"Il"? chartered KaBka n„,i four
wh.SSr*'".™" br"!<'* ""> *""" '<*>k U,r le«,i
'.>« Ji.   ,    "", ,MH""'"- <•' ih<- Pwfiana.   Mr.
H^,.!i. M"yw°f Manitoba in 1880; and after the
* 5 , "f h'» brother, b, •„„„• the lnnrcwt operator
an.l owner of real estate in tho Sorthwct, and
Tlie   Retail   Stores.
MR.  A     IlfNKl.n.
One of thr prettiest stores in the eity is&atot
Btr.AKra. Hunker. M"mte in the Hamilton Bloek
at the corner of Ha.tinK. and (Jraiivlle .trwta.
This storv wa. built by Mr. Hamilton, who hold,
the position of chairman of the Hoard of Worki.
as well as C P. B*. 1-and Commissioner. Mr.
HatnitTon was his own .rchitet-t. and eeru'nlr
must be conRTatulated upon his taste and workmanship. It will be seen from , lie ar, orupatnin*
picture that the people of this city are already
studying; ns tvell as solidity. KTery
new block erected has an air of "Come to stay
about it uncommon in  the Pioneer cities of the
Sot only, however, is the exterior of a plcasinff
Hiatal aw i,ut the latcrtorti .1*0 worth, of bmbjbbb.
The taste aud b-j-iite.*, like arranircmctit of the
stock is at once noticeable, and it 1. apparent to
all that Mr. Alfred Hunker, who has lately arriTed
from St John.. New Hiunswick, is not only .
wideawake m»n. thoroughly at home at ni. bu«-
State of Ohio to convey at once the picture of a tip... hut BSBSBbbbI of that sort nf grit, tempered
raattag. pushing, eneriretic business man. Mr. I by a bright mtcllitrcn.c. that w ill make hi. prea-
Jaaea, IBaiauTUC, will be found equally alive to the enee an acquisition loan, ri-imt city We predict
i.itere-t.-,ol Ins principals, whether a,unit for a ven-: that he will aoo,, make his mark anion,,! his
dor or a purchaser.   Arriving at v aucouecr before : fellow citizen-,.
the treat lire he was oneof the very Brst toopen an Jle conduct, the business of a nrst-claal family
otli c LB this Phienix City; hence It ia that by ktow- 1 grocer, earning Onward, of HOW worth of «vn'-
tnir up with the place he I. thoroiurhly convcraanl [eral provision, of all aorta in , onibinauoa wuh
with all the ins nnd outs of the situation, ha. all fruits, vegetable ami dan v produce.
the prices at his tinners ends, and is never at fault He 1. . Canadian to the backbone Canadian
i„ his valuations. Hy strict attention to business, un- born and Canadian he hoj>cs to die
failimrencntT.and proved integrity, he has secured I After leaving St John, he did not settledowa
himself an extensive business: and. indeed, baa again blindlv. however nut gi, e himself a chance
etltected sales of property for all the leading land | to see if anv other pla.-o .lined him better visit-
owners in the city.     A firm believer in \ aticouvor   ing ail the chief plaora aad districts on the
ita brilliant future, we predict that Mr. .loins
w ill make hi. mark, and probably his fortune, in
this city of his adoption
Hastings'   Sawmill-
One of the most prominent landmarks ot Vancouver is the Hastings'Sawmill. Huilt at the extremity of a little tsdnted BBBBBBBB1 .Hitting
out for some distance into the bay. the mill CBJB h, -
your eye directly, whether from the laud or
water, and strikes home at once as the center of a
busy enterprise. Whether you refer tothe plan of
the town or to any of the sketchesof theplaccthc
Hastings' Mill .lands out with  the striking promi
The sketch at the foot of issge t* i- a faithful
representation, and shows also ihe evtell
sive shipping business transacted at this company's lutnN-r yard. Their trade is BBBBtt)
foreign, principally to Australia, chitia. and the
southwest coast of America. They turn out some
1- to U n-tllion feet a year, and their monthly payroll is about f.'sW0. They have a capacity for
■ s.ono feet a day. The machinery include.
one circular double tk) inch saw. one e.lg, r.
one uony gang with II in,h gate, having a capa, i'\
of 10.000 a day. lath and pi, kct null, two plan, ra.
The iftill employs some ISO lueu.all w hite except the
■•00k. The company has a logging camp 111 Eaa*liati
Hay, about six miles distant bv water, w h, re BBOBJ
i", men are employed. The trees here are of a greal
-ize. often I or H feel in diameter The onto
;>any has likewise two other camp, on Thtnlow I..
land, about i:» miles dist.uu, when- they omplo,
■s) men. It also hus a |s,werful tug
for bringing in the booms. The oomp.ui, has
only very receiHly been incorporated, and is known
as the Hastings .Sawmill company, limited.
Mr. It. Alexander 1. their tried aud capable manager.
from the m,nuiitoii border to southern California,
and relumed fully satisiled that Vancouver was
the),lace of Ma ehnaBO. He has,, lea.cot his stora
and we think has shown good itidgment In th.
scl.ctionot lhes|»,t to drive his'stakes Already
has Mr Hunker started a trade v.itn China.having
shini.Nl a large amount of fruit hv the steamship
"Port Victor" of the 0. P. It. line just under
Abrams   &   McLean.
Another of the principal stores here is the cloth-
Btffj , siablishment of Messrs. Abrams 4: MtLcanoa
Carroll .in.t Hurnt out at ihe great lire, the)
were 111 fuil .sinn agnir, at the 1 nd of two week.
and now carry a full and excellent line of clothing
and gentlemen', furnishing goods, including ladies'. BOBtJfJBBd BBsMB Of eery riescrip-
11011. hats, waterpi,s,fs, imibrei::,s, gi,,, rs. trunk.,
sat* hcK lil.nk, ts. and e\crMhieg in this hue of
business thai -an Is' thoughtof It is ,-, id.ul from
the excellent uualitv of the gissls and their extremely low prices ti,at M,-srs AbrattuA M, Is an
knoo what to boj and how 10 l>wv it. \\ . understand that th,, do a large trade with the inlying
country dirtii. Is and pla, eg on ihe Hoc of rail from
w hence good, may tw ordered by mall and forwarded C. t>. I>. by ex;,r,ss. The ,iccom|vsiii mg
.ketch gives a very truthful representation off their
business 1:1 :.
Bank   of  British   Columbia.
In the development and rapid growth of any rising place, a good, sound, reliable bank play, a v,iy
important part. Thia province may cert unly !»
cougratulntisl in this respect Tho Hank of 111IItail
Columbia is uot only a thoroughly solid insiiii.tiou.
but the management ia evidently as wideawake
and enterprising as it is judicious an.1 . .mini It.
r.iiuiucations are far reaching, the bank hav ing its
head otllce 111 London, whilst its br.n, lies ale s. ,,t
tercd over this coa.1 in every due tion
at San Francisco. Portland. »r.. Victor... New
W,-tminster. Vancouver, Nanaimo mid raillllim
Hcsi.lcaitsovvn particular branches, th. bank boa
agent, and eorresiKit,dents in every quarter of the
s's. "' '' Mafl tucoriK'ratcd by Uoyal Charter in
■J with M capital ot ^'.AOO.OOO.
He give the prim i| al items of the knit three half
-1 ear y   balance shoots, „. the) w ill is- round Into:
I -Hug not nu-iely as applied lo itus , nteipri-e. but
•'-hi index of the sl.adilv in, rea-iug trade and
P   filiation of the prov 111, e:
Jiu„:l0.    lbs-   .11.    June SO.
.,     .    , Is-sil. lsx;. iss;
•pitalpaidnp  ctr.coio
I,,  tun,I       BMM
Not.- in circulation        .   II ,'jj;
t urrcht ae.ouiils ai.dde
IH.-il. M|..,T|
Hills 1 ayable. ....    InVSM
<U!>er current liabilities.    l;,.^ll
Specie,   cash   and   gold
bars and dust    IVtafiS
1'on.sol- and Imli.i -lock.    BaJJBi
Hilla     receivable      and
Hotnitiioli  notes    .  ..
Hills     discounted     and
s .,., 1
17. s|,.
MJ. 1
\ Ut
.".. c.-
■.M ml
most    3».an    bj ,.
Other securities	
Hank premises	
Ivalaiice   of    profit
Working expenses..
Added to reserve....
Curried forward —
IS l.-J
I I I ■
II im:
1- ..-o
Mr J. C. Keith is the x aluahle, trusted and is.
ular agent 111 this .ity. This branch .... opened
roc business direellv after the lire, and indeed vv a-
the tlr-t t*unk established here It i. bv all odds
doing the largest business bv far in the pl'a.-e U ,
should sol forget to mention thatlbef .re tl„ Uot
criiim nt Ivankcis*.
Bewieke   &   Wulffsohn.
li i..|,iir,» no "second sight to ere that this firm
will grow into prominence in the same talio with
tlie rapid grow th of the city.
Mr, Hew Igfca is one of Kr.glnnd s "younger eons."
being from BBS good old stock of Ihe Yorkshire
Mr. Wulffsohn come, from llatnrmnr. Germany
where he is still the head of a large export and im
port general merchandise business,   with another
large business also of tho same kind In Bra.ll
Messrs. Bewieke ft Wulffsohn are in realiiy pri
vaielvankers here, but with that fearless hidivul
uality that stays not to go in the beaten track of
others, or to ,-opy the exact lines of precedent thev
adant their business to the circumstanced , ,1 . ,'■
surroundings, and hav, establi. led . ,»"luL bus
nowhere more after the pattern of nelliiVbeok
Bunk in London than any other utio we can
call to mind-combining with their ba^ukVug bill"
The   Tremont   Hotel,
tin Carroll Mn,-t Boa* Poena*, ta a comroodioui
brick building in a llt-t eh,-- i-.sit.on. near the
pri!lcl|ssl whob-saie and retail ston-s of the xow\
It ha. .•-.•omnuslationa for als„it one hundred
guest., and the g> nial pnn" 1, t'Ts. UeBBrB M> KM-
t.r, :. Ill take eei— ,al care to -. •■ after tne
. 0.10. . I act well Is-mg of th, I- gne.'s The dm
Ing rxsitn is arrange! loses! alsuit Msveata. liters
i. an excell, nt parlor, opening on to a pleasant
ver.mda. a bilbant oaHce, .looking and ri'»«
1 ne room, ai ,1, v, rv ,,,,,. 1 1,1., and comfort tbat
aflr.t-.hvw family "aid .omnicroial Intel can al
lord. 'Ihoais.v, -k.,.1 giro, a van f.nhful representation of the bud,In g.
F. W  Hsvrt.
Annihrr t'litfi j»t i-iiik. « •-.♦* ««aVr man tn thi.
.-it> i.Mr. t- W. III. t IBM BTSSVtSsSef of flu- prill-
c4pej suni.thirv iSsri OH thr maitiliuul of   Br.l>»h
OoBTttsatssV   Ha atesM ■• th.* slestt-era. Ndi.-, «*iteb-
alaSlBe, t-SSl prist SS it.-' tirr. ami »ilh lits u-usl
• '(,«*. up aii.1 saV. ' hI-s'ii* him wan **rui.uinu" hit
tiii>>..i.->- Mtfitii- Aln.swst whil-i tin' Bjnms>B. wo* f'tlj
hot. Ill asepsa tull line of furtuturr lirrr. sad
In*-, aa *■•*■'' ii"i*r "tori'. »- «.-H m« b tutnit-irr niaii-
■if-.. ior\ (tbe oiilx OS.* in ..'"ii- Hi-TV. hI»*o, will
tiv f.MiTi'1 a '-ln-i' f *,--.'.■■ m.-ti, i.f china. iK)r\vlain.
, ii». ktrv, ul'sswiirr, Limn*. .-. .tl|pH|><-i. tan«rt*. '-1
fact, erstrf r\-guii«ito fnr lurtttyhing or l»osutlfTiiif
vnur .MSB-B.
ru.-arxt-i thr-Minh thr town arc prettl frotiiii-nilj
rrUiiMillitij »!•>■ If   '..11 in Hurt '•• tvt funill'ilT," snd
nii'Kii Miin «tn.riil.i 11' iriN'ri! the atl> l.f Hf -■
ooatssaaplaulag   Urvr   st^ttooa    to   In*   biuteets
Thomson   Bros
Wc ran rvcomniriii ■ r rrBtlrr* to |"*T *
\ i-stt   10 th-   %m«h nllr.1  kassksAors al   thrse ea-
ttfT.n-.ino: SaSBj. It li r-ituntinl on the ©•••     t»f      l'or»lova     strr«t.    in     the     ITtBBjtSjr    •*
•i.i' asssteass at»Htoa] vi ita town    Rerethey carry
mu r\.fll.-nt Im- ««l Uknk-« anil •.laiii'iurv, Uia*-
111K «Hii''" » fratun- of th. u ronmii r> Ul' books.
l,clK-er» CmSh Ubnkr-joiirnslii atul slot k 1«H>I.» f-itnsh
line thtslr shelTes, TtMj do a cosaildCTshls buslasas
h- tirwis a^rnt-*, nml fan> al-*ti qmllc a line ot toy*
Bad fain, aiiit'lrs. Wr may in. n\ mn I hat .opirs
of Ibis «tlitlon may br pirn hasr«l at thoir -low.
8.   T.   TiUey.
On Ootiiova Stivri. haa quite an rxtrnslrs
business here. Mil nit out at tlie firt' h*
sUhTtod rlRht In atrain null a trnt f»r
• Bto'c, and no* hn« in unnilatod hew* i-onir four
i.r In thousand d.ll«r> Wl.rth of hIocIl
Ho   carries an  e\trll.>ni   BSSSMrUSjSaK   of   boxtks,
stailaoecr) ssMfasMii  uoihN ut sr**i  ilsauilrttar*
AMlii'Kulni  hia at ore is Ihe head  IllSSlhonf S-
flce.     Mr.  Tilley  Is a ll\e. enrntctii.- I'sciflr w'oast
man. baUnK Buvtil oonir re«ra  in  t'atiforiiis. *nd
.oiiiiiiK oriKinally from New Brunt*lea.
t'opirsof thiscditkin may be obtatiie-d. from Mr. BRITISH    COLUMBIA    EDITION    SAN    FRANCISCO    JOURNAL    OF    COMMERCE-VANCOUVER.
Financial Ag'ts
Mines and
Mining Stocks
Estates Managed
Timber Limits.
eSo  Ceperlev's Real  Estate  OfTloe.
A Choice
City & Suburban
Acre Tracts
■within the
City Limits.
Farms & Ranches.
Representing the iEtna of Hartford, Hartford   of  Hartford, Western  of Toronto, Fireman's  Fund (Marine]
Travelers' Life of Hartford and Accident of Hartford.
Maps and Price Lists Free on Application.   Correspondence Solicited
Boss & Ceperley,
yohn  Wulffsohn
P  H. Bewieke
♦ e**--
F. C. INNES & CO.,
Financial Agents, Notaries Public, Conveyancers, etc.
As one of the Members of our firm is an attorney, the most careful attention is given to
the preparation of legal documents and the examination of titles.
and   General   Financial   Agents.
BV   ITS   ..K»t.Kll'H,< \I.    MM-ATIOV,
Is Destined to he the Largest Seaport North of San Francisco.
Its resources are both substantial and inexhaustible. Its development is no more rapid than is consistent with health. No city
on the Pacific Coast can show such a record in Public Works and Improvements in proportion to its size as Vancouver. No city on
the Pacific Coast can show ?uch extensive private improvements in proportion to population and age as Vancouver.
The increase in value of all kinds of property in and around Vancouver during the coming five years will be greater than in anj'
place on the Coast. Extensive improvements in the way of buildings, wharves, workshops and tracks are being made by the Canadian
Paciric Railwaj- Company. Smelting Works, to have a capacity of hundreds of tons of ore per day, have been commenced. Iron
Foundries and other important industries are now being formulated. Hundreds of feet of massive brick structures are now being
erected. Scores of elegant residences are being built throughout the city. Mile upon mile of broad avenues and magnificent streets
are being graded and improved.
VANCOUVER IS THE CITY OF THE NORTHWEST TO LIVE IN. Vancouver is the city of the Northwest to speculate in
if you wish to make money. Invest in Vancouver now if you would reap the greatest profit from your investment. Property has advanced in value generally 25 per cent and more in the past few months. For full information concerning Vancouver, and desirable
iavestments to be found in and near the city, address
Banking & Stock Broking
Heal Estate and Insurance
ifi harfaiLi *     I  ri    i i i^i.bbbi1bb»i ir    '^^>^T\i^^^s^^i^l!^CAeT^i*^^MS^smAx^s'^^&s^^^^mA^Ak^^^^jZ}^,.
131.   J±.   vTOHSTES   &z,   OO.
HP.   O.    BOX    18.
Real Estate and Loan Brokers, Vancouver, B. C.
-^grezicies   surged.   Correspondents:
LONDON,      ^^^^^
"Yon eee those white specks over there across
the water? No, not there, vbat is the Indian
mission; over there to the right of where you
are looking. Yon notice the smoke curling np
and tbe steam from the engines? Yes there,
well that is Moodyville.
Messrs. Welch & Co., the large coma.i.-sion
merchants of San Francisoo, and Welch, Rithet
& Co., of Victoria, have quite a co ony there aud
"own the whole business. **
A large saw mill, the largest in the Province,
and attached thertto a comfortable and well
appointed hotel, an excellent library and read*
ing-room for the "hands," a church, a school.
a grist mill, a tire brigade, a cook house and
boarding house for the employees, a machine
shop.ablacksmith's and carpenter's shop.a shipyard, a large general store, quite a little settlement in the way of huts and cottages, and t-
very pleasant, charmingly situated residence
for their manager, Mr. B. Springer. This
house, which i« very conveniently arranged am.
of a pleasing style of elevation, was built l\
the present Lieutenant-Governor, Hugh Nelson,
some yeara since, he being at that time one of
the owners of this very valuable property.
Those big ships you see lying there are
awaiting their cargoes of lumber, for this mill,
let ns tell you, does an immense foreign trade.
The company has vessels ur.der engagement
at the present moment for 15,000,000 feet of
lumber for Australia and elsewhere. Tne
company ship largely also to China and Japan
and South America. That ship yuu see there
now is under charter for Butnos Ayres. The
new line of steamboats to Yokohama also ship
a considerable quantity. The company has
very powerful engines here, taken from
an English man-of-war, "The Sparrow-
Hawk," that was dismantled out here
some time ago—it is a splendid engine of about 500 horse-power, kept going by
eleven boilers, the furr>aces for which are fed
by the sawdust from the mill.
The «aws are the usual double 60-inoh circulars (arrangements also have jnst been mado
for another Bet), with a 24-inch gang
saw and-the usual complement of "planer.-, "
"edgers." "gang bolters,"ulJ "lathers."
The mill ia very roomy and convenient, and
the lumber, as soon r& cut, ia deposited on the
"live rollers," which transfers it to the
respective destinations, thus saving a great
deal of hand labor.
The company employs some 300 men altogether, including the logging camps, and can
turn out 1*25,0 0 feet of lumber in 12 hours.
Yet, notwithstanding this enormous capacity,
they were compelled daring the Summer to run
night and day, owing to press of business.
The whole place is lighted by electric light.
There ia a separate engine to run the grist mill,
the machinery for the workshops, and the fire-
pumps in case of fire. As a double protection
moreover against fire the company has an immense water tank on tbe adjoining hill, holding some 50,000 gallons of water, giving 150
feet pressure to the pquare inch. From this
source the whole prentises can be Hooded in a
few minutes. The company own several logging camps, one on the inlet close by and some
four or five up the Coast, ratgiog from 75 to 150
miles distant, with a powerful tug which id kept
in constant work bringing down the "booms,"
and tbe like.
Messrs. Welch, Rithet «fc Co. estiixnte that
they have about 5,000,000 feet of timber in the
booms at the mill, and some 7,000,000 in the
water altogether.
The hotel attached to thiB - nterprise deserves special mention. Tho excellent
manager, Capt. Power, fills a difficult position with credit to himself, with great
satisfaction to the company, and in a munner to
win unbounded popularity with the mixed community surrounding him. The company do
not "run" this hotel there for wbat it can make
out of it, but simply to supply a want. The
hotel is well furnished and well appointed and
the cook is all tbat can be desired. Capt. Power,
moreover, sees to it that hia guests are made to
feel contented in a manner that only a genial
man of the world, who himself knows "what's
what." can do. At the bar only the very beat
wines and liquors are kept, and here again Captain Power displays equal good judgment and
ability, knowing well how to combine the suav-
Uer in modo with the furtiter fare. Notwithstanding the large community surrounding him,
drunkenness is unknown, another standing example to show—were any more necessary to
convince unwarped minds, and minds warped
or unhinged ean't be convinced any way—that
the liquor traffic, properly managed and controlled, is far more effectual in its results than
prohibition. Here the men have their glass of
beer or wine with their meals, as thirst or nature may dictate, or their own liking or appetite may prompt, without the temptation engendered by prohibition of bringing home whole
bottles of whisky at a time.
The owners of this hotel very properly
content to see to it that the employees are well
cared for, their reasonable wants, likings and
desires studied and met, that the liqaor at the
bar is of the best, that no "hanging round"
the bar-room be permitted, but at the same
time that grown men are no longer tied to their
grandmother's apron strings.
We wish all pimilar large enterprises showed
the same common sense and courage of their
The settlement is very prettily situated on
Burrard Inlet, just across from Vancouver.
ferry boats -ply some three or four times a day.
Pretty, httle houses and cottages dot the hill
side, half hidden by the overhanging boughs
•nd ?ich vegetation.
The sketch on page 10 shows a section of the
mill end grounds with Mr.  Springer's house I
on the hill to the left, as seen from the
water. The steamboat Yosemite and several ships awaiting a cargo, will also be noticed.
Tbe company's wharves extend for a considerable distance, and altogether they have some
five or six miles of water front here.
The smaller picture in the corner is taken
from the bacK of the store, the hotel
being at the rear behind the artist and consequently not included in the picture. The buildings on the right are the lodging house, cook
house, etc., tbe long trough on the lai-ih
trestles is the water conduit from a sparkling
stream, which flows down the hillside a little
further inland. The wharves, of course, are
net seen from this view, being on the other side
of the mill. We may men.ion that the watei
is very deep right up te the banks.
With reference to Messrs. Welch & Co. allowing a bar for the sale of liquors within t hi
limits of their settlement here, we did not
know when we were writing the above remarks
how nearly our views had been confirmed by
the actual circumstances of the case, and before goiug to press we feel constrained to add a
short postscript, to this article. It ia related,
and we know we can vouch for the truth of the
| narrative, that Mr. Welch, one day when visitiog
1 his works, was very much annoyed at finding
one of his men considerably under the influence of l.quor. As soon as the man hid
"sobered off," Mr. Welch immediately sought
occasion to rebuke him for his drunkenness,
and was considerably staggered upon having
the tables turned upon himself. The man,
with some warmth, charged that Mr. Welch
was himself responsible for all the
hard drinking in the settlement! Continuing, he urged that if " he could obt tin
a glass of beer or liquor when he wanted it,
he wonld have 'his glass' and that would end
it. Whereas, it being n.cessary to take a journey across the water before he conld meet with
a saloon, he naturally took tho opportunity ot
supplying himself with a whole bottle of
whisky, and then he just simply couldn't leave
the thing alone till he had finished it"
The man maintained, moreover, that be
was not singular in this respect. In
the result, Mr. Welch determined to try an experiment, and directed that a bar should be
opened for the sale of liquors, taking care to see
that tbe genuine article was dispensed instead
of fusel oil.
The    goody-goodies    were    distracted   and j
furious. The church bodies and their ministers,
the bine-ribbons and the Mother Grundies be- j
wailed,   aud   petitioned, and   threatened, and
pleaded, but Mr.   Welch  is a man not merely
with a level  head, tut with an unbending wilt j
and mind of his own, and in  due cour.-e the j
bar  was  opened.    Uoon his  n?xt  visit, some J
time afterwards, Mr. Welch was thanked on all i
hands—the goodies and the ribbons, the gruo- I
dies and the ministers uniting their cougratnlu- ■
tions.     Drunkenne s,  hitherto rampant,   wasjOADDp,!
practically unknown. I ^ ry " ■* w ■— ■—
Oor.  Granville  and   Hastings   Streets,
WM. PROUT, Proprietor.
XDE3.^b.T_jE^I-13    IIST
J.   A.   Brock
&   Co.
Anyone coming tn Vancouver should not fail lo
pay a. visit to J.rook * Co.'a Photographic studio
on Cordova street, v e are indebted to these
gentlemen for many faints and acts of kindness
and take pleasure in acknowlenginK our obligation. jS'ot only will visitors fully appreciate an
inspection of their excel ent views, but any one a'
a distance <:> nteniplatinu" a visit, to this country
will do well to Bend on a few dollars to Means.
Brock tt Co. for an assortment of their views
Their portraits alsoare very successful studies. We
were very pleaded also with their studio and reception rooms, which are nicely furnished and
lighted also by tlie incandescent electric light. We
may mention that the sketches of the Wilson
block, the i'ostolH'-e Block, the Leland House aim
the Trernont House were made from photographs
from this studio.
On Carroll
General Grocer & Commission Merchant
T?- '■■■■-
First   Bank  Established  in the City of Vancouver.
Near Powell.
WITH    hiWKR   T->
LONDON OFFICE   28 Cun.l.ill,   Londm
n.iuster, Vancouver. XtinaiiMi Mad K;ii.)!uan>.  _^——  —
A-JKNTH   AND   CURRKsl'i >M>KNTS    In  Canada    The   Bunk   of   Montreal   snd   JJram.1
Agent* ltank of Mflntreal. .W Wall Street. New York; Hank of Mont eaJ.  Cliicaff...    I'nit
■    «'■— * "'    "    .nilt'll ;    iTuViueiial    Rami*    «»   bT—J »-   ***
^^^^^^^   INCREASE.
BRANCHES at Bn —Tnn.
.'uitlaml.   Or,   Yi,-»<t.H. Ne
..*,. ...... 1.JHK ui jnniiirtM.. M
Colunihia, 28 ComhtU. Lon.l<
luiniiany s Bonk ; Bank  of ]
.national   l'r. viiKU*J  Bank of J-.uglaud : North
 .       .._  w. a.^and.    India,   I'liina,   .laiuui, Atitttraha,
Corporation-   i ImrUre.l Bank of India, Australia and C '
Auiitralarda, Coin inertia" Bank Company   * ~
f of Sydney.
I'hiiia, hi
Mi-xjco an
 .      Tutted   Stale-
il   kiu«.loni    Bank  of
__-  and  South WnlenBaiikL Hnd-h   l.inei
N^w Zealand  Hoiii.   Kong and Shatial
righth, ScoltUli and Australian  Chartered Bonk,
nd South  America   Lot**— **"*- "
oudon   Bank (>f M,
Telegraph'c transfers arid remittances to and from all poiuta can Tae niiMle tlirnuifh thh t-ank at enrreot nd.
Colleetions CHiefuliy attended to and every description of tanking transacted.
hai   B.M. .
Bank el
Johnston   &   Tyson.
Amongst the retail atorcsdescrvingeHpccinl mention ia Umi of Messrs. Johnfdun Sc Tyson, situate in
a very coninmnfling position ou the corner of Powell and Carroll streets It is a very
substantial and commodious building, filled v,i:h a
choice selection of clothing and gentlemen's furnish
ing goods. The business was established by Ogle,
Campbell & Co., of New Westminster, and purchased by the present proprietors, .Messrs. John- I
ston & Tyson, in June Inst.
VV*c have inspected their stock, which bears evidence of a very careful selection, and at once j
stamps tlie "buyer" as a man of great judgment and
experience. The make, (.uality and style are nil'
that could be desired. There can be no doubt
Messrs. Johnston & Tyson, not only secure a Iutk'-
portioti of th • trade of this place, but from many
of the towns and villages of the interior, especially
from places up the line, from whence orders may
be sent by mi.ii, receiving immediate attention and
shipments by rail. They carry a full line of every
imaginable article of clothing and underwear, us
well as boots and shoes of all sorts, liu'iea' and gen
tlemen's, high or low, ordinary or hunting, leather
or rubber. Also umbrellas, hats, trunks, satchels,
towels, shirts, ties, collars, cuffs, hose, and indeed
everything usually included in the above lines.
From what we have seen of their stock and their
prices, it is evident that they secure the entire eon-
Hdence of their customers.
Excellent   Table,   Good   Accommodation,   First-Class
in  Every  Respect.
The   City   Drug   Store.
Mr. Charles Nelson, who came to this city
shortly after the fire, now occupies one of the finest
stores in the province, situate in the imposing new
"Wilson Block," a sketch of which appears in
these columns. Here he carries a full line of pure
drugs, together with an excellent assortment of
perfumery, soap and toilet articles of every description, all of the best and most approved ntyle
and make. Mi*. Nelson holds the Knglish Associate
F. X. Martin.
Powell Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Full Lines of Clothing, Gentlemen's Furnishing Goods, Boots, Shoes, Trunks,
Satchels, Hose, Umbrellas, Hats, Underwear of all Sorts,
Rubber and Waterproofs.
0 tiers ly Mail Premutly Attended to and Forwarded C. 0. D.
J.   O.   KEITH.    Afrent.
hTATI(,M;in .
-a«. m Vissrs^^^sng^mm. ™
!*.   BOOKSTORj;.
KYLE, Proprietors,
and  Lumber
Hastings Saw Mill Company, L'd
t* This K.lith
Another "Anti-fire man" carrying a large and
successful business here is Mr. b   X. Martin.   His I
store ia situate on Condova street, iu the very center ot the  business section of the town.   We do "
not know a better example of the "Happy Grocer" '
than this genial caterer.    Whilst he has a pleasant word for every one, he has also a constant eve
to business, and uses excellent judgment in the
selection of his goods, consisting of a full line of
family groceries, provisions aad dairy produce.
Chemist and Druggist
Wilson's   Briok:   Block,
Bookseller, Stationer
 -**' <*""" "f,hi* £'""»" »'"// ^ Obtained Here.
Importer aud Wholesale and Retail Dealer in Crock„r„   r-i U"C
Carpets, AVall Paper and House Furnishing GoodV°i'»Zl_CUM"W!*™. ^'Hl
Manufacturers and Shippers ol all litis of Lnniber aid Spars.
DICKSON, DeWOLP & CO., Commission Merchants
412   and   414   BATTERY   STREET,  SAN   ERANC.SCO.   CAL.
GEORGE YARD. . Tna.x,a=^
Agents for „,e Hastings Saw Mill Company, Limited.
J-   j3l.
■ of Every Description
Cordova Street,
Vancouver, B. C.
Portrait and Landscape Photographe
g.   If.   ALEXANDER.
Shipping un Commission ,ta hmts,
No. 109 California Street, San Frarcisco, California.
HKl'ltK.SI'.XTI'.I)    BY
N.   D.
Agents MoodyrilU Saw Mill,
*°™ts Planters' TiJ0-' f\BUrrar* ""**• »• *
LiHe °f Packets for Bonululu. B.
Agents C
Bre*>er « Co., Bonululu, H. I.
Agent, Messrs. F. A. Schaefer di
Co.. Bemululm, B. It


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items