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The Red Flag May 10, 1919

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grocery intellects who manage to get   cheap and selling dear is going to last forever,   search stations we shall esti
entoeuraeWbosrdogteeustseinTi.  Aeeordfag   But they have another think coming. Before long,   with every department of industry. All the out of
to the new plans of the Vsneouver School Board,   the proletariat wfll be fa control and then the tran-   date means and methods of production must be
pupils who ssa taking technical courses in the high sition stage from (tepttslism to Soeialfam, com- wrapped and the very best and fatest put in the
school must finish their course in Toronto before mences. Production and distribution has then to hsnds of the producers. We are going to be very
they can enter the University here.   We understood be recognised on the basis of production for use. busy after the proletariat gets control. AH those
that thfa action by the beard lonatttuteo the tearing That will be largely the work of those who are farmers, who are now breaking their hearts, yesr
Up of another "scrap of paper," fa that, they prom- now attending high schools, and we want them to in, year out* fa poverty, on the ssnd hills and the
teed the pupils, ^three yeers ago, admittance to the be well prepared for it.
University on graduation, or, as an alternative, the Yet, these  mixing-the-sugar-with-thc-sand  sabo-
formation of an advanced vocational course out- tagers, are intending to frustrate the laudable am-
side the University. The boys sre, very property, bitions of the pupils to play s useful and valuable
up fa arms against this. Many of their parents pert fa the greet task which lies before us.
have made sacrifices snd are having a hard strug- We shall need
them days to furnfah mean, to give their boys grounded
an  education   that  will  make them constructive practical
citizens of the new age, and also, many of the
stump ranches will be settled on the rich tends now
lying idle fa the hsnds of speculators. Far we are
going to work to live, and lhre high purposeful
social lives In the spacious days of the new
The masses of the people are
pupils hsve to wnrk for wages in their
fa order to carry on their education, so
to Toronto, is out of the question and
as well look for a job fa a ditch or behind a conn-
On toe heights. And so. we need our youth
to the new problems entailed   educated to be builders instead of parasites, or the
of production ami distribu-    hangers on   "
Tne grear
expert*  in  those
pickle vendors on the Board, te that it should make   ot purchasing capacity
good docile muckstiek srtfate or at the beat, forty   tion wfll in? superseded >by conscious, scientific   long on the supply of latkef of the manual sort
dollar a month clerks. accounting, direction and control. W^ need cducat-   And, we are too long also on "educated" preda-
for use instead nf W# hope the pnpha and their friends will be
be an abundance of successful in forcing thc Board to change its plans
spheres  of  economic    of sabotage. Because we are, for the task of the
woefully short on men with the vision that
possession of constructive knowledge
of human  activity^nd long,  too long,  w«
They imagine their anarchical system of buying   ed men and women for the experhnentsl snd re-   tory pirates in the sphere of profit.
e Socialization of Women in
Thfa msl
many times pub-   approved  by  the  Independent  Labor  Party  in   Russian .Information Bureau, and Dr. Harold Wfl-
"And new!   Proof from Mr- Sayler:
(1) That the Bolsheviks had nothing to do
with it.
(2) That the Anarchists had nothing to do
with it.
"It wss therefore part of a counter-revolutionary plot, tite work of an 'agent provocateur.'  'In
licly. refuted and an apology extracted from tite
"New Europe," an English publication, whteh was
responsible far ite going the rounds of the bour-
erreulstion, mostly, no doubt, circulated by those
of a pornagraphie bent of mind, so we have to
use space that we needed for other purposes, fa
order to publish another refutation.    First   wa
quote from the Glasgow •**r*^»#April 12:   fli^rfe of six months fa Busts,' says Mr. Say-
"And the Briifah government stieks to ite fa-   ,„, •! **, mm, tt nna &$*# otter enuemu
famous 'w^ don't hnow' sttttuae snout ttteua-   to any ,ue* ^teemV   Onlyones on the hoard-
ttenaaxatten of* women lie, the alleged decree of   mt, ^ &»»,„« the night time did an
Saratolf. Here beside us in the "New Republic"   of tbt -^ d$m TCT0^don j** hfa bog
tor 15|b March, giving the decree fa full as it up-   ei,Inatioll aVptayed.    And upon the strength of
peered on the hoardings of Samara en the Volga
last spring.   Mr. diver M. Sayler, who
Samara at the time, gives the whole story to tne   ^
^fcf^MpmWfa.*' The decree tree not put up by      ttihtM . ^
of the Dsily Chronicle, a strong snti-1
writer, end recants its error; tt
draws unreservedly the imputation and
regret for the mistake,'' We ought to
late Lenine snd TroUky, end the Bofaheviks ott
getting an apology from ,, the Editor of tha
" and his Foreign Office colleagues. Tours
reh IV lilt.
Volgo H our eapitalist press and our foreign office whip
rM m op the indignation of the people of Great Britain
fa tb* sgsinst the Socialists of Bussisl
."» *      "The decree besrs upon its face the falsehood
this and ether stories of the sociali-
in Bussia, notably a refutation of
eut at Brisnsk (OretJ
i) issued by the People's Bussian Information Bureau.
^,T^ii,,*?f^Ar.mi^.* ****** **•*«*-*• **T%**^'*+*
1 Free Amoeiation of Aaenetaeta of the City of   fatf^ R ^ obvious, too transparent.   Look *
garatoff,' but as on the faee of tt there was some-   *^ .-ij-.iiL,
thing strange in s Ssratoff decree appearing fa
the. street* of Samara (which fa 200 mile* from
Saratoff, Mr. Baylor end eome friends visited the
local Anarchist,flub to hear what they had to
say sbont it.   He found them issuing sn enraged
'reply,' which
^^^^^^mmmm     ^mm^^m^^BMW^m^^m     ^am%%     a^te^^^^a     ^aa^aa     mmmmmm^MmmL^m m
"'The enewv fa powerless. The enemy fa.
filling lower and tower. And in hfa fall he fa
blaspheming. And fa hfa fall he fa slendering.
And he makes use of the most provocative
weans . . And the esnusy fa spreading tne
vicious slander tout frmdom goes so far us to
wMmw -,  u..wmn^^mm^BP.   omr ■ . mfwamaaJm^nm j     avo   .^puuu     smsauun^w     masr^w
am sod their. dtetv hsmds "the Decree eon-
eerning the finitelfaamsn ef Women."'
'NortheHffe got s hob) of the story,   tie was
m i    ii'il ff.ll        I   J._«,
eemecrwssruonui us win-
who read and accepted at Ha face value
|lr; T4oyd Oeorge's bland, dentel of any know-
tedge of the Bullitt mission to Russia, ought to
know that Mn. Bullitt took breakfast with Mr.
Lloyd George the morning after his return from
Russia to Parfa snd that Mr. Lloyd George is as
thoroughly familiar with the Bullitt report as are
the members of the American. Peace Delegation.
. . "The Nansen nrojectJor.feedtog Bnasla sppesrs
to be the mam result Of the Bullitt mission, snd, bid*
fair to bate an interesting csreer.   In a manly
^mmt!m,   ^a^ ■ ^ aSi. a   i ■ i. «^
em see asmeo sswea
|We did not think it neeessary to publish the
decree itself but will follow up with e letter
from Mr. Joseph King, member of tite British
House of Commons, to Francis W. Hirst, a noted
Britfa economist snd editor of "Comon Sense."
Tiondon. England, a journal dealing with public
To the Editor of "Common Sense"—Dcsr sir:
Lenine   and   Trotsky   must   be   congratulated I
Here fa the "New Bn^ope'' apologizing for start- letter to the Big Pour, Ite. Nsnsen outlined tite
ing end spreadfag the stories which hsve been terrible situation in Bussia^ and suggested an ae-
fpread sd nauseam bv the Government pnd the eentablc method of rettef through
Prem   thst   women   nave   been   "nattenallsed." the Big Poor replied with stiff anetner
mesnjne: that an Women' ire made preslltutes by numteM profession of imnsrtislity in tJte
lew.   Thfa tnowsit inea wnf irst untrted by the affairs of Rnsrfa. utadc it a cardinal tteo
"New Burope" several months age.   Now   the propeet thst the IBoTtet government cease
"New, Europe" fa a weekly magariae, very. ably aw^ told • B>r. Nansen., to go ahead.   As
run bv a committee on which sit men like Mr. fighting,in Bussia te neing A
Wiekham St       (editor of the Times),   Colonel snd American trtejp^ oTby ,
leton Watoon. gentlemen in high troops, instigated, naaneed and strpprW by
iff gutter pre**! It   official authoritv.   Itf when tne *%ew BuroS" Allies faeeordfag to toe frant admmsten of Mr.
llf that Lenin bad   stated that tint P^lahevika bad made u ntonantons Lloyd George fat tite Htefcm of Ctossatete en Jeprff
n   decree of thfa kind, many believed B,   The "8— W tt fa dlffieuB to see how the S#rfat gavnrsV
eanemjsMtle Mo ipudone its ment can eeass nffhtteff until tfe'BhJ Pon> val?
the enet       ft umm   work, te new brought to look by the rVoprn's off ftenr au%s.«'-ifew Tov« "Na^mn,'' April 26.
way, the
so be fufh-
^H ■C..- i-f
 , .. . ..„■      • 	
Helen Keller, author and Soeteitefc httjUd;
deaf, wrote to Eugene V. Debs just befeee be
taken to prison. The New Age here prints fa full
the mssssae she seat him. congratulating him on
the "added laurel to his wreath of victories:
Forest Hills, N. Y., March 11119.
"To Eugene V. Debs:
"Dear Comrade: Of course, the Supreme Court
has sustained the decision of the lower court in
your earns!'- To my mind, the decision has added
another laurel to your wreath of victories. Once
more you are going to prison for upholding ton
liberties of the people.
"I write because my heart cries out and wfll not
be still. I write because I want you to know that
I should be proud if the Supreme Court convicted
me of abhorring war, and doing all fa .my power
ito oppose it. When I think of the millions who
bave suffered in all the wicked wars of tite post,
!*wr ■ eae^sr . **^nsejs*u<nsi' v ;w owgp    ^sjp^p.-; s^ojomp<sugmupji: j^e^sr-.^sm^ ^^u^^sum.
ttence.   I want to fline myself
■muss oBsWmN
I | iSm ^"* * ; >■" ■*
■   .
'4' k
. *v
powers that destroy the life snd break the spirit
"In the persecution of our comrades there is one
satisfaction. Every trial of men like you,, every
sentence against them, team away the veil that
hides the face of the enemy. The discussion and
.agitation that follow the trials define more sharply the positions that must be taken before all men
can live together to peace, happiness and security.
"We were driven into the war for liberty, democracy and humanity. Behold what te happening
all over, the world today! Oh, where te the swift
vengeance of Jehovah, that tt does not fall upon
the host of those Who are. marshalling machine
guns against hunger-stricken peoples? It is the
complacency of madness to csll such acts "preserving -law and order.' Law and order I What
oceans of blood and tears are shod in their name!
I have eome to loathe traditions and institutions
that take away tiie rights of the poor and protect tite wicked against judgment.
,,H- «The wfae fools who sit in the high places ef
justice toil to see that, m revolutionary
the present, vital issues sre settled, not by statutes, decrees and authorities, but fa spite ni them.
Like the Girondins in Franca, they temgter l|gA
force csn check tite onrush of ra relation. Yum*
they sow the wind, snd unto them shall be the
harvest of the whirlwind. •
"You dear comrade! I have long loved you
because you are the apostle of brotherhood and
freedom. For years I have thought of yea aa a
dauntless explorer, going toward' the dawn, and,
like a humble adventurer, I have followed fa the
trail of. your footsteps. From time to time the
greetings that have eome beak to me from you
have made me very happy, and now I reach
my hand and clasp yours through prison
"With heartflet greetings, and with a firm faith
that the cause for whteh you are now martyred
shall be all the stronger because of your sacrifice
and devotion, 1* am,
"Yours for the revolution—msy it come swift-
ly. like a shaft of light sundering the dark."
*•*• * m\xn
-< 'W^M^^<*'"'' r«
■  ' '.
(Continued from Page Six)     I   ,-
ii ■ ml" iTui     r i, !^i|   ,    r|m
■ ^m£m^ m*jmm\mm, AjLa    a^baSaa ,afc ^te^aa^^ak  'mmmmM^MmmW^nwrn^Mm^mm^m^mmmmm,
•^■YJr»P*te"s"sy|ri    wwew
Plague and famine are rampant
stalks through tite tend toking ite
fating conditions sre unparalleled
of the world. .
awful catastrophe fa due to plagues and
to" failure of the crops. There has been no ruin
since May last and consequently the country fa
literally burned up by the tropical hast. The
Poor hsve eaten alt their food and thousands upon
thousands are reduced to such a state that they
arc nothing but living skeletons.
for what reason we eaa^osj'tofeiriaise.   We have no
but wherever a clear and unmistakable connection
can be established between such social catastro-
phtea, as has worked devastation on the population of India, and the capitalistic economy of our
(says the mark) civilization, it fa our bounden,
duty to ete'So. ■
Famines have been of periodical occurrence in
India (the writer witnessed one and will never
forget it).   Yet if any one will took up a Whitta-
whilst they were cadging tite
two-pences out of tite poverty-stricken
poor fa Great Britain for the relief of starving
India, capital was getting away with its surplus
values, a legal (observe) tribute levied on the toil-
the twenty yeart from I8gl to leTO-Boen;
531, of which 2*279 died before twelve
1917 it
The cities are peopled by
Traffic has ceased, mails are undelivered and business is at a standstill. 150,000,000 loyal British ing, sweating, exploited masses of thst country,
subjects go hungry morning, noon ami night, white For the further information of our public we ap-
a vast multitude endeavor to maintain life by pend the following from the "Lsbor Leader" of
eating roots, leaves and kernels of old nuts. April 3, London, England, which we published be-
'**' :%illl li Hll| III llllll foro fa our Aprfl » issue:
Unlem the peoples of the world and Govern-- "The Lsbor News Service imued at headquarters
mente pour help into India, by immediately cabling for thfa week draws attention to a terribje instance
relief, millions more British subjects will die and «f the way famine can be created in a food-pro-
tite world wfll be shocked to know the terrible
of their procrastination and ■rlflshneeii
Yon who have plenty to est and know not what
starvation means heed the call! Open your puree
strings snd give liberally far tite cause is worthy
m ar    ■ ■ ii ■ i ■ i       — . - _ a. -  .a      ^00^^^^
oi your greatest efforts.
Help Theml Wan Bafaed Bui
When the Great War sent fortii ite can to sae-
ce, India answered unstintedly.   She gave of
and treasure, scnding,thrce tunes as many
soldiers to the front as Canada.
This call fa sddressed personally to you. The
dollars you send mean life to many. Don't pro-
nsuHnste? Send your donations today to Donald
Cameron, Manager of Canadian Bank of Commerce, earner King and Jordan Streets. Toronto,
Bon. Treasurer of the India Famine Belief Committee. -Remember! Send them now I Tne need
1s so urgent funds wfll be canted. ' _,.
The above appeal widen has a fangHot of the
Usmm olmaklla men appendi d, as the Fund Committee, appesTBil in Toronto papers on April 24.
Bo far tt haa not appeared fa those of the West,
From the trade returns for 1914-
that wheat to the value of millions
actually exported from India, at
time thst the Indian poor were dying fa
of thousands at a result of high prices
and want! Even ss lste ss 1916-17, the last year
given, £5.969,971 foV 14, million cwts. of wheat)
waa exported from India, of which eight million
pounds' worth came to Great (tho adjective reads
strangely here) Britain and the jreat went to our
Allies, Italy and France. Verily, It was 'War at
any priee'---end largely a price wa did not pay."
, No wonder Mr. Boberteon addressed the ffJfanv
ing words to t& Commission: "Think of the con-
dition fa these single rooms-pit clothes drying fa
front of the fire, same 'room where the* children
sleep, sickness, seconchementa. How can the
children havf a chsneet After the woman has
spent her day cleaning, miners eome home from
work and it has all to be done over again. Do-
we wonder when the women folks lose heart?''
>:.^'m>«'}|)ppip|»n concluded with a long quotation
...fjfbm^J-te. BussalL Jssmer medical officer of the U
G. B, contrasting the liven of the well-to-do with
those who live in one-room houses.   It ended:
"You rich ones in your hushed
would you' deport yourself in the
thoughtless noise of the nursery, in
smells of your kitchen, fa the steam snd disturbance of your washing house, for you would find
all these combined fa a house of one room? Last
of all, when you die. yon still have ana room to
yourself, where in decency you eon be washed and
dressed and lsid out for burial. If. that one room
were your house, what a ghastly intrusion you
would be—the bed on which you Bo is wanted for
the accommodation of the living."
We rgret not being able to give the full text
of Mr. Bobertson's evidence, ft haa been handed
over to the B. a Federations and they msy publish it.
"We went into the war for equal righto, and
.we ware prosecuting it for annexation. (Hear,
hear). We went into the country for phflaath-
rophy, sad remained in H for burglary."    ': . .
Who fa the^vfllafa?   Qufekf   Who te be?
Mr. Lloyd George, speaking fa the House of
July 86, 1100.
•     • : -:   'v   ■rf*
. "' ■   ■    'i.
the Russian Soviet Central Executive
tee at Moscow baa recently issued n decree to the
effect that money shall heneeforward be ahsBshtd
throughout Russia, and fa ite place labor eosmsna
issued. The rouble accordingly has now no ratae
whateoever (Keteivia, January 15. lflfi). It fa
possible that thfa fa the reply and no
one, to the attempt of the ftmstlins
fiooding Russia with oceans ef
money manufactured in the United States." The
Sovie^ Government, no e^cofa remeatoer the "As-
signsti|" that dcbesed.the.Freaete eredtt in tan
time of the Bevolution of 1793, end many nf whieh
were issued from the British
reau, Scotland.. ■
One of thc interesting stories Humphries tells is
concerning alleged Bolshevik atrocities upon the
famous "Battalion of cDath," that group of hys-
" t erica I females who formed s /fighting force (I)
at the time of Kerensky's regime, to "save the
revolution end the soul of Russia."
Horrible yarns have been manufactured and re-
toiled throughout the world concerning unmentionable outrages committed by Bolshevik troops
this hand of enthttMittic but misguided
Deeds too horrible for words have been
perpetrated. Humphries says the truht of the
whole matter concerning the "Battalion of Death"
is as follows:
' Thfa famous female regiment was marching
down the street of a certain city one day, when
they were stopped by a number of Bed Guards
who sMiissiiil them as folows:
"What's the  trouble   with   you   women.   Co
home and n+f on female attire, you look ridiculous dressed like that.   If you are really serious
aliout dying Why not go home and take poison."
•-. * a    a    a
twmt ■ a   «a%aaMaBva'an1k
WW •      ■SS'V     •• **^^PWM ^■■^■■■■■■r
And How Do You View Aifirs in
' i#WKaaaaaa* - When • fis^
"One of the greatest dramas is going on there
that the world haa ever known. It's a pity that
we can't get full information. And it's very dis-
ereditable that we should be so woefully deceived
fa regard to matters of supreme importance. When
the people of this country (America) find out how
persistently they have been fed on lies they will
be very indignant My work for th Bed Cross
enabled me to get into intimate relations with
the Russian people and their Soviets and convinced me that at heart they were very different
from what they had been represented ss being
since the revolution. I hadn't been in Russia
very long before I wss convinced of the absurdity of the reports that were flying around. Pur
example, before I went into Moscow for the flrst
time, I was told that the city was in flames, thst
thousands of people were dying, and that the
Kremlin was destroyed. I actually found that
Ave buildings had been burned and that the Kremlin Gate and two of the churches had been date.
aged fa the bombsrdment. The city, as a whole,
was quiet; feed was being equitably distributed;
theatres were soon running full blsst. Women
want home from theatres and political meetings
without mute escort."
a*wwW*w r    ^a^ssunmw^ m^psm
I have a paper here whteh te a translation from
the Russian of the repudiation made by the Federal Anarchists in Samara and Saratov. They are
twin cities.* The slleged decree you speak of wss
surreptitionaly plastered one night all over Samara and Saratov by unknown enemies of the
Later it was found they were very
fellows attached to the monarchist party.
It transpired that it was mat out fa the name of
the Federated Anarchists, not of the Soviet, because everyone anew that the Bolsheviks stood
for no such thing. The insinuation waa that the
anarchists were getting stranger, would sunn
overthrow the Soviet and bare was what the anar-
for. Therefore, better go back to the
The next mining ,they were all torn
by order of the Sestet, and the Federated
out with tide emphatic repudiation. Let am rend tt to yen: : V.;T .
I Yen ore defeated, and you are
sat and lower. You have reached
such a low level that your cause fa now desperate
tan wish to continue bring to kite luxury and
hare us work far yon, and you find the revab>
n menace to you. Enemies, you slander and
yon say that we
u 'You forge our name to this vile decree that
ypur vile hands have written. Far centuries and
all over the world, anarchists were fighting against
all decrees, all force sad all oppression. We ourselves have used force and violence only against
our oppressors. We want to lire and let live fa
perfect freedom. Ia tt conceivable that we would
now issue such a monstrous and contradictory
" 'Think for yourselves! te tt likely that anarchists would advocate or even permit such degradation of women! You think only to provoke
trouble. You are only trying to deceive the ignorant people. Don't you suppose we have wives,
sistdrs and daughters of our own!
" 'You provocateurs apparently don't know our
strength; but you eball know, Death for the provocateurs. Death, no matter who they are. Wo
will make yon pay for your vile crime. Anybody
found circulating such dirty propaganda wfll be
put in thf same class. Everybody, whether with
us or not, who opposes such contemptible propaganda methods deserves commendation.
" 'With all our soul we fight on for all that is
beat for Buaste.' t
"tent it strange that the world should be
asked to believe such s slander sgsinst Bussia
when it already knew that the Russian revolution
had put women politically on equal terms with
pent., Can you imsgine snything more absurd than
the Idea that political equality and general prostitution should go together."   f..^-
•.,»■>    •   Jjjfe.--»-
We have been told through our newspapers, ete,
that Buaste fa a country at the present time torn
with revolution, her industries completely disorganized, har economic and social life upset. But
Humphries says that such te by no means the
ease.   Though at first there was
the activities fa tint inteioste of peaee
the liveliest way.    Many of the
highly pleased with the
son was that they felt they were having greater
and opera houses were going full blsst in the
larger cities," he said. "They had big sndteuces
There was n marked increase in the number of
community centres. The restaurants were crowded. And, by the wsy, the revolution put an end
to tipping there. The waiters felt that tt wan degrading to free Bnssiano to accept tips." The
position of the Russian people toward Germany,
ss given by Humphries, is decidedly Inleioetteg.
He stated thst there was not bate of a personal
kind. ''The Russian didn't feel that they had any
quarrel with the German people. Their quarrel
wss with the imperislistie government of Germany. In fact, the more intelligent of them hated,
with a great deal of bitterness, imperialism of
every kind. Lenin used to say that tite new movement of industrial democracy meant the end of
imperialism fa the world. If thorn had been fa-
tense hatred between the Bussian gad tan Gar-
mans there could not hsve bean fraternfatng between them and the Busstens could not base been
so successful fa. their
them. The revolutionists have
of shrewdness fa trying to reach toe
of their enemies. Far instance, I
to hear it said white I wan fa Bussia that a
good. many ■ of the American boys who were prte-
oners there were given a great deal of freedom and
encouraged to go about among the people and to
happening.   Lenin end bfa eafleagues. imssmhii,
have great eounoVaos fa the strength at the appeal they are making to toe people of tite world.*
"You have read the Declaration of   BJgktet
Very well, think of what pro-tec te held ett to
the toiling masses of workers and pemnmf
the flrst place Bussia te declared to be a
lie   of  Soviets   made  up  of
workers  in  the  industries, by farmers mat   by
£2Tl f" irf,JLrLmmm ****:?*
Soviet is treated as though it were a republic by
itself.   So Russia, with her one hundred and
millions, might claim to be the first real
free nations.   It announces u its
abolition of all exploitation of man by man. the
removal of class divisions, and the triumph   ef
Socialism in all tends.
"the declaration says plainly that private) ownership in the ssfl is abolished, that the tend te
transferred to the toilers without i impinsntton UU)
the principle of equal nee snd that all lhestook
and other equipment are declared
14 fif     n ii ■ ■ M.. ■■        1,«H«H  ,     a%        m     m\ * S .   _ _  _ U	
Of course, during my urst twa or three weeks
in Kussia, 1 thought that, from their own point
of view, they were working too fast. But later I
beesme convinced that they knew what
awav with tt'
doing and were" gatl
than I had supposed.   See hew they
themselves from tite internsl
passage fa the declaration:   'In order
In ilS^pmundi^lhT ro^^leshaienT^ the
exploiters' rule, the arming of workmen, the
forming of the Bed Socialists army of
and ncasants. and the eomnlete disarmament of
the propertied classes fa decreed.'
At one period during our conversation ha told
me of the fact that fa Moscow and Petrograd he
had seen more ef the operas of which he nasi
heard in America and England than at any other
place during his travels sronnd tite world. "And
do yon know,'* he continued, "that the working
opera I had to watt myself several nights before
I could get s ticket." :%:
I thought of working class existence in
or Vsncouvcr and. gsxed pensively at the
only 2s 3d. And the miners urn the mom highly
organized occupation fa the teuutiy. Those figures stigmatise the capitalist prom of Csnods an
malicious Iters. Furthermore the reporto ef the
evidenee given before the Coal Commission an to
living conditions fa tite mining districts have
out for publication and mske moot
reading, hut the capitalist pram in
suppressed them. So it fa left for the
end labor pram to do the best tony eon under the
handicaps of limited circulation and denial of the
■sails by the government.
Mr. Robertson also gave statistics on bousing
conditions. In Northumberland and Durham the
percentage of tun moats of more then two pumas
per room was Sfcf. He gave Lanarehalrire as a
sample of Scotlsnd. Between fifty and slaty than-
mud persona were employed to too mtoee. He
■tees the* population of Hamfltm
large proportion of ether workers
Of the population J7,000 live fa as
hesmw; with tite whole pepalsttea, six .par ream.
The fawn b buflt en ground meetly owned by the
Duke of Hsmflton.    In ^umjmejai • our
U   '   '        ' " nffluf   •
AhpBto Social Wrongs
Of production, an the greater part of the organized military and
of its approaching
and to point out, amid the break-up of tite
■:':. .
market - of limited
the product
Ml under
the maaa.
for a competitive
ppwer in the world find1 tt difficult to    mmiattntojst their strength.   The ery new fa iff
enforce decisions on which they might agree,, and   mmma;- sum, *a\ po suneo, doi mere is a unit so
failure to
fag economic system, tor elrnuamf ef,nue p* tf. difficult to
eanixation of pron'ustten and exchange whieh will «ble to eni
*'     . y    r . " ,7* ""J^f^ and   no*   t!
abolish those social wrongs.   The feeling stirred up »na pw« »
by the poets whether fa the picturing of them eostiy personal and national penalties, we
^h^ftvmm^^ fa^Xdtor^mtimm^
nana, ny Ojcniai ox tnem ana me gi
east of public
Capital is
of harmony in the interests of the <
elass, is quite timely, but its slight value as furnishing proof for s given period is shown by the
finds an abundance of tt fa every
in   "landmarks   of   Scientific
:"v ''■    ■ 'JjUL •
AT are these social wrongs, whieh en,
gage the attention of men today and give
to so much
the egotism step call far i ipteoutisn
which they art    »•*** Mammon    i n
failure .« rcaVh    comes oat of taxes oa
Capital fa not
Mm^mwm. afe mmi^m* U^mw, wmm\m ^m %^mm*mmm\     a*^n     ^m
ineotitude and    profit.     The   capitalists
t,   Preenmably   "tern fact, even theagh tig obtum reformers wfll
they could not control.
atsmees whteh
As a matter of
Parte conference has
from a terrible joint .
Tiro of them we   f°r the meaning of thfa predicament we must go into sn already
irentlv i ixed and   tmwfad kidfvidual or national ill intentions to the was only so able to
source of the equipment, the axpertentot ;;.v-*'"""""m%f^""""f"*^ earn
the outlook and the motives of all modern peoples, world power
The common determining factor in the lives of , *f^'^fejll^
thc individuals snd notions assembled fa Parte eeav faff $UI. ap
ti is not merely imanao.
or WBson, h Is net
than to put
inc. they i squired snare food aa wefl as thc raw
*Mm^*^   ^^^sw   **>mmm*'- m*mnw^mam^ 'mm   enuunens^    usm^susm    ^**MHKaw**WmfcW**v*fm^
tirfn:   One is the apparently fixed nnd   beafad fat
hie poverty of the masses of the people   eouuuon
outlook and motives of
and peoples ■ are deteradned and
limited by the preetiee of capitalism, capable of
creating the Great Society of better nations which
alone can soothe the wounds of the wsr, repair
its losses and bind together the mutilated and
scattered fragments of industry and society?
»':««**fmte it fa chiefly capitalfam which fa on trial
at tne reace conference is maieated ny one significant fact. Throughout its deliberations the
conferees have subordinated moral and political to
.moderations. The headlines in the
have attached major importance to
politics! disagreements, but back ef every
though we have a capacity of wealth proof such dimensions as was never dreamed
our forefathers and to which, moreover,
xical as it may seem, that poverty fa direct-
The other is the unemployment prob-
is ever with us in a greater or lem
is standing army of the unemployed,   stovery Bsly, France. Great Britsin or America
sme.  the industrial  reserve JpSeates, is    «*** sre being tested by the task of international
recognised by  capitalists as a necessity of the   leteamttnutiun.   M fa the* formative rctetten bc-
4Jompetitive system of production for sale, being   tween property and kaman nature between raa-
a powerful lever in keeping wages down.   It helps    chinery and human life whteh prevails throughout
to lower the standard of living and gives perma-   the modern world.    Is a  group of states, the
to the general poverty of the masses of the
So these problems are linked together,
results of a common cause.
there  Is  Unemployment,   when  there  is
neither lack of natural resources nor of means of
production, and that poverty exists, when there fa
a boundless productive  capacity,  may  be,  and
should be, cause for hot indignation, because, such
a condition of affairs constitutes an assault on the
ethicsl sensibilities of soefal msn, or, fa other
words, that hnmsn sense of the fitnem of things,
whieh has its roots deep down fa ind arises out
of the foundation principle, underlying all temporary social forms, human amoeistton itself.   But
there is this to be said: that all our indignation
will not contribute one iota to that understanding, whteh fa the prime necessity for a successful
solution of our problem nor indicate to us the
nature of an alternative system of social organixa-
tion other than the capitalistic.   That fa the task
of mind, the task of thought and sense, devoted
to enquiry, to observation ami to the collection of
data and its classification; to discover underneath
the deceptive surface appearances of things as
accidental and arbitrary, and show them as necessary results.   For instance, to-discover underneath
the apparently free abritrary will of the wage-
Worker, or of capitalist, or of government, the hidden, but determining environment of social tews
and forces to which they must respond, snd whieh
are. in the last analysis, alone responsible for their
actions.    In  short, it  is tite, teak of economic
As besring on these consHerations we quote
from an article entitled "The Obstacle* to Peaee,
fa the "New
et the article
ference and. in part, says:
In ao far as the. Peace' Conference disagrees
far as its agreements are disappointing fa
adeney fa and wfll be to blame
fadrridual statesraen or particular nations for the
.,   consequences.     Frenchmen   snd
eat Britain;
nd Englishmen will blsme France and
st everybody will blame toe unfortu-
enhanced by
t*n*^:*n*M,thA**>*      iveaau  . Ir^affea-
f^.   a««a*^«a   ^^^j,^
•■e  uspkw  ussmmy.
ue reaocea
fa be
fa prodne-
must be
to a
profitable, that
tion. workfae at
employed.' This
competition on the labor market end consequent
low wsgea with all that it hopfies. Such fa capitalism. Tt fa ont of seeicty's bondsee to the forms
of capital, that arfaea unsmploimiul and poverty
and misery and dcuradatioo. Oat of productivity
Sorclv a wan of dissolution
What. then, arc "the element* of the new ar-
ganiratinn of production and exchange whteh wfll
abolish these social wrones?" These are the al-
readv soriallv operated meamt of production and
a workfaa claaa aromwd te toe esemriouaneas, that
by Hs eo-operative tenors aseificd to natural re-
all wantth fa aredueed and taut it fa be-
fa view fastrad of
for the
the means of production be
produetion for use be the eni
production nw
Tt would not be
workcra. Tflte bnsudcnl psautrs to pester the e
tsKst clam far tie means of extetenee. net aa full
abate awneia of the mmmm M wswdrnthss. we stanfl
obtain our fufl share ef the
Republic'» of April 26.   The author
i fa discussing the Parfa Peaee Con-
over territory or the future allegiance of its fa-^ eau«e of the piwdrntithy of th* saatsBaed method
Imbtteate Bes the claim to toe exclusive psmrmfan   of productten that porerty end faateuiily of Bfe
of natural resources or avenues of commerce which    amongst the producers ef wealth are omm, j
te born of capHalist control of industry. - ." Sorislfaed nraduetten demands,  in order that
In the quotation from Engels at the besd»of thfa   product    ? powers be operated to the full, that
article, he says, "Ite (economic science) task, te to
'snow tite newly-developing* social wrongs as the
tofreasery results of the existing methods of production."   In connection with this, applying the
■ii   ■'       Ui  m        m M}     -    ■ m JL -..      a a,   ■ '-'  ^(^La^^^lA^^^&^JL     aWiaa^klal^a^^        laa*
prone or science to tne unemployment prooiem, »
ft possible for thc capitalist to employ workers
when he te unable to dispose of the products?
Surely not. for to do so spelfa bankruptcy. By the
emptoymeut of tenor, the cspHslfat faereasea hfa
wealth, it fa true, but only whhfa definite limits.
Those limits being set by the market. The nmr-
ket has a certain purchasing capacity and tote de-
.•■ ■.,. -. i .ail I,,-.,    mjm.   ... -    a ■    » - - «       t—*
ate ejuenrJaes or proancm es ue
by regelating the prices.   Should the
Pet be flatted, price* fall and fall and so produetion must stew Up and tt neeemary cease, fa order
off bnukiuptoy until "ran Mill en Improve*'; tout
fa. until the market fa depleted again. The capacity of On modern methods of production sre
greater team tite capacity of the market to shsorb
fte product*. It fa the msrket. ha prices, snd tts
sbeorbing capacity, whteh the managers of fadmv
■try most waieh, ami govurn tbemsateea aoundfag-
Ty. and by the same
ment*.   And if the
*     . ., .,     m' i i n   w    . ^ m.9 ■ ^ i jSL ^m. "* i^t m ■■ !■!■! M  —     ?-■ -      -■ * ■ ■ , «AH&.^g^aMaaaAia,^L^B
more proanetmn, ue proviso m always unonrsman,.
Any perann aasAer the age ef tbhrtr. who. having
sny knoarledee of the Canufag seejfal order, is not
s tovslutteuist 'te an iaferter.—G. Bernard Shaw.
"The aetoal expeiiemii ef 4
tartve gofnnawnt te very dfai
notion of the state as miivcim
as pTiiuinf, as the idee of <
*BLaaaaf>a^attmaJi    mPwaa«a^akH '
gJsTllleUBII   *tm*****Mmy
snnamnnnnVsnmnnC;   mnmul   HmV
jgjg^mea^ljamuu ••-J|gjma
of C1 in  i
gaiicrT ny ssyrna
rmnmsmami. ny
derersl   Ton have
war. bat .yati'
iff **Vanm five tike
*t '
THE RED FLAG Labor L^der on the World
A  Journal  of  Sewn  and  "flews Devoted  to  the
Working Class.
Published When Cireumstanees and Finances Permit
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
Editor  u~. C. Stephenson
 MAY  10, 1919
The Peace of Capitalists
Frank Anstey. a federal Labor member of the
Australian Parliament, is spending a brief sojourn
in London, hi* native city. 'At 11 years of age. as
a stowaway, he traveled over the world. He has
been a seaman, wharf laborer, miner, and has followed other vocations. He was vice-president of the
Australian Seaman's Union for .several years, and is
now president of the Transport Workers Union of
Australia and editor of the Labor Call of Melbourne-
lie entered the Victorian State Parliament in 1900.
and resigned in 1910 to contest in the interests of
Labor, a federal seat. Bourke, which he won and
has since held.
In 1918 Mr. Anstey came to England and travelled via thc I nited States, where be remained for a
brief space- On arrival in England, the Adstralian
Government nominated him as representative of
Lai or at the imperial -press mission, and he toured
England and allied territories- On the return of
the delegate* he remained in Europe, visiting Norway. Sweden, Denmark, and France.
(\Yc give here in part the correspondent interview with Anstey on the matter of the One Big
Union in Australia.)
Craft Unions Absorbed
"Centralized authority is a curse, whether in a
government or. a union, but the new unionism in
Australia, which absorbs the old narrow craft
unions, with their restricted activities, will give the
Australian organized workers a living industrial
organization within each locality. Under the old
craft union system iOOO organised workers might
Mmm r. because they are divided ...to
■ We are on the verge of peaee. The conferees at
the Paris peaee conference, powerful heads of
powerful nations, have strained all their resources
to the utmost to put the world on a peaceful footing again, for they fear another world war as it fa
said the devil fears holy water. And yet, what
are the prospects? We do not need to scan, the
political horizon for war clouds, though they ere
looming up and threatening as never before, even
though the "war to end war" baa just been
wsged. We have only to examine thc structure
of capitalistic society itself to realise that wan,
more bitter am) all-embraeing as time goes on.
are inherent in ite very nature. The seeds of
future wars are not in the pact of Parte, as thc
futile Liberal pacifists claim, but in the soil of
capitalist economy. And the. Paris Conference,
with, ite squabbles, its intrigues, jeslomues, suspi-
ejseu and secrecies fa but s symptom of the disease
In the whole social body potitfc.
The rule of Chatteladdon te over tite world «* hvt**!**£*§£
dictates that the end voad aim of all economic
activity, be cisIs'snnmsBnnV* till realizing of additional capital. And so it continues to rule and
exist only 4>y virtue of expansion in the face of
competition. In m vreuUeteddenly grpwn small
before the ingenuity of man and close-knit in its
social inter-relationships, we have the nations,
mutually exclusive because of their special economic needs around which they have developed
exclusive patriotisms, hates snd prejudices. These
antagonisms run too deep along the bedrock of
the form of society in which we exist air present,
to be affected or set aside by any artificial political machinery set up by bourgeois statesmen, or
by any sounding formulae*, no matter how high
pitched in the upper registers of idealism. Put to
thc test of practical affairs, idealism must come
down tram the cloud* to matter-of-fact earth, and
though even nations may as* lis* by Intend alone.
y*teinuun*uud»ete^ The prime -==~
iniiiiaeillia of nations engaged ha eujdte&sf pruiue-   anm endures, love for .
tion fa that they find conditions for expansion-    for the baste needs of food.
Capital fa wealth need to produce mere uUsnth.   are In dispute.   And on our collective strength te
Hence,  the  struggle  far territory, whether the   dissipated, and Three waated te ssauauam strife
asanas>ni*raw^hmtermli-nrorsnmte for the rein-   to obviate which, am
^ertment of the accumulation, of capitaL the sur-   league of nutimm b HeemjmVtete
Zsumtedlite.   Hence the strum* far   horn and sirmmy te process if Uu i g Ii!   , as
\«i rt       d mm temawavuaf com-   the world's teat chance te the boniaioaih to wa
rn wo™ Tint teekering sad sgashhteo te Parte hare  Ufa fsmte laSsiil
*Bflt  , psnjsMf|    uxggaj    Ms*    0111*07 ""mW""""""""n   *f**    "sP^s»snumjpna    unun*   **§
Bona of aketract principles or justice, but have   mkemg  |Uis of pee^iHI#saale1
on matters of n very earthy and material   order to -nbatitute for hut system of
te iksrsstm root
and branch snd whteh are of high eoneern of hue
capitalist exploiter, of sjl nations but are y»t nf en the bnate of production for ant.  Only the pre-
ao concern ef their working daases. letariat can "guide the dfatrseted world oat of
White material science haa saade it possible for the Woody dough ia whteh
the world to give ample food sad ample leisure diplomat* and   social   system   has
toaBumu,timnmmo«iimmenf^ wnBam.'*
To the Imperialisms of CupsmBsm
so many craft unions, thougn not one is strong
enough to have a local existenee. They attain only
a corporate existenee through the members of
each craft and of each locality going into some
It all .-.mo-ints to 'his." declared Mr. Anstey,
"there fa only one nn*on for »v«vLing men. 1 favor
the "One Big Union' as a medium of solidifying working class power and securing active local
industrial combination. The fact that the t W.
W. or other organizations or unions advocate
•One Big Union' fa merely incidental Western
Europe goes* intc the netting r*»». and there fa, in
my opinion, n • power on earth that can save it.
The war has gone on too long. Had it stopped at
Brest-Litovsk in March. 1918. capitalism might
have saved itself. "Now capitalfam suffers from
ovcr-indulgenre. Jack London tells a story of two
wolves that fought over a captured rabbit. They
fought to exhaustion; and a mean, hungry, non-
combatant wolf jumped in and grabbed the rabbit
Outside nations are gathering the spoils. Everybody can have them. Europe has fought to the paint
of economic exhaustion. It starve* and the nation
not starving today will starve in a few months. The .
capitalist wish to preserve their perquisites. The
workers went the promised paradise. At a time
when the debt fa heaviot. and the burden of crippled workers the greatest, are asking for a larger
share of the wealth they produce at the very time
when the drain upon it for pensions, debts, interest, snd armies, is the heaviest.
No Preparedness For Peace
"It cannot be done. Either the workers must go
back to thc ph. work harder, produce more, get less,
and permit the surplus to meet the* debts, or the
bondholders must be sacrificed. The workers cannot get a better world, and the bondholders their
pound of flesh, at one and thc same time Therefore, every demand of the.worker hastens the catastrophe, and the struggle impedes production, and
chaos fa inevitable. There has been no .preparedness
for peace* and now the penalty mast be paid, tf
nations refuse to develop a social conscience, then
that which might have been secured by an intelligently thought. >m plan, must involve chaos,
as much on the field of economics as on the field of
war. and that new world must evolve out of anarchy,
misery, and bitter experience. . I don't thank there
fa such a thtejolasri:itts iiiml Mamam nil mrtrvtefc;
, lined nothing . That dissatisfaction is
with the orthodox labor leaders as-erith the Tories.
They are all one branch—policy-less and. in a great
crisis, a flood: drect action is imperative. Everywhere it fa ea unintelligible boil-up. We are on
the verge of the unknown. The leaders of tomorrow
will 'come from np man can say where—but the so-
called leaders of today will be buried. 'Australia I'
have .not seen far 12 months. It is bound to catch
the ripples of European action, but it fa far off,
and has immense food supplies. It fa bound, however, to feel every financial and economic crisis in
Europe. Bussia yesterday Germany today,
Prance- tomorrow, and England sitae'. Than Australia. They wfll all be caught ha the whirlpool,
and out of it comes triumphal reaction—a work-
ing class driven beak inta degradation and de
a  revolution that  sweeps out &»
■i'Piifa*'"r t . »
■. j -
c* a
-•-..•■ST. *
P* np to uses rt. a
to the owners
ii #*
sfu ;
*ef the world's proletariat and
eeemmsrsmssmv •
that Christ fan grigilfhitel
n^SpaS" ' ^«^^sun*
f^r*ftae--' WlmW&W$F
Downtrodden and almighty
Art thou, our Mother Bussia.
•     •     •     •
In the notes and explanations preceding the
book proper, the author makes the statement that
there were between three and four million trade
unionists in Russia when the Bolshevik revolution
occurred. Thfa number seems to us to be above
'the mark. Phillips Price writing from Moscow
in 1918 places thc number at from three to four
hundred thousand twelve months before the
March revolution. If Comrade Reed's figures are
correct, the organization work carried on during
the Kerensky regime must have been extremely
effective; but we hardly think they are correct
or the Bolsheviki would not have had ao mueh
trouble with the Vikxhel, the central executive
imittce of the Railway Workers' Union.
Thfa body adopted a hostile attitude to the Bolsheviki and played just such a part as we might
expect from the A. P. of L. They were the strongest union in Russia; they threatened general strike
on the slightest pretext snd refused to transport
Soviet troops. Trains carrying Bed soldiers snd
sailors hsd to be moved by force. They maintained the vainglorious contention thst they were
'^the ssvteurs of the country snd only after thc
consolidation of power were they forced to place
their service at the disposal of the Soviet government
In several places, however, we get s glimpse of
the fact that the rank and file, just as in America,
had a different point of view. Mam meetings
were held protesting against the actions of the
John Reed
P.oni &  Ijveright.
(371 pages. $2.00)
Publishers.  109  West  40th  St.,
New  York
(Continued  from  I*ast  Week)
The bourgeois Mensheviks who had lost out in
the Workers' and Soldiers' Congress, forming in
line and marching in procession "to die with their
brother* in the Winter Palace," might have ended in tragedy had thc processionist* been any other
than bourgeois. As it was it turned out a farce.
The sailors on guard there offered to spank them
and they wended their way elsewhere to die.
Their words were loud but their antics shallow!
Thwarted in all other directions the bourgeois
played its last card, its final weapon—the printing
press.-" After the March revolution, the Russian
worker, barred from the avenues of information
open to the slaves of other countries, displayed an
insatiable thirst for knowledge. How rapidly he
learned to read and write fa more or less a matter of history now. All parties circulated indiscriminately among the masses; newspapers, dodgers and proclamations explaining their particular programs snd philosophies. A prominent mem.
lier of the Social Revolutionaries admitted to
John Reed, the "necessity of Ites to create a certain frame of mind" and if the others' did not
admit it they acted in accord with the fact. For
the same reason our local press fa#ow publishing
phoney cablegrams telling of Bolshevik reverses,
cablegrams which eome in the mails snd were
manufactured  in  the  beck rooms  of  a  London
of the Vikxhel
the station by
opened discovering muse brakemen and a fireman
or two. "We wfll take yon," they said, "to Moscow, or to Vlsdivostok, if pen like. Long live the
Revolution." Again,H fa the worker in the ranks
who ssves the situation.
Smolny Institute, the headquarters of the Bol
sands of bottles of wine, millions of dollars' worth,
all of which was meant to lure the workers from
their revolutionary purpose. ' When Petrograd
needed food, in detachments of 5,000, the sailors
scoured tne country from the Ukraine to Siberia,
and when the factories were almost compelled to
close down for lack of fuel, the battleships emptied
their bunker-coal on the wharves of the city. The
sailors it was that prevented.the mob from lynching the members of the Provisional Government
after they had been driven from the Winter Palace by the shells from the guns of the Aurora.
Kerensky pleaded te the Cossack, General Kras-
nov, not to allow any sailors to come near him;
and when he made hfa inglorious flight the only
good thing about him was the dress he was disguised in, the uniform of s Kronstadt sailor.
All through the course of the Revolution,
these sailors from Kronstadt, from the Baltic and
the Black Sea fleets, remained firm and steadfast
to the revolutionary battlccry, and the self-imposed iron discipline of the men from the fleets
stiffened thc morale of the fighting forces of the
Workers' Republic.
•      a      a      a
Just when I was coming to the most interesting
part of the book, the Editor (so-called) came down
on me, all four feet together, and brayed, "didn't
1  — think I ought to publish a paper of my
. . The doctor says hell be out of hospital in
a week.
The next and concluding installment of this
review will commence by giving John Beed's
graphic description of the almost miraculous
changing of the proletarian rabble of Petrograd
(men, women and children) into a disciplined
fores for the successful defence of the city against
isuatei ismlsmansryarmy" W. B.
were decried as traitors to the working •
peace, a lie, their bread a hoax, and their land a
fairy tale. One paper advocated a Bolshevik massacre ss the easiest way out of the situation.
Carloads of literature were launched daily, from
the Bolsheviki headquarters carrying the messsge
of working clam salvation to the toiling masses,
'■   ■, r. . . ,
sheviki, waa cut off from the rest of the ehy, the   end from the bourgeois "mreaining, cursing snd
telephone operators refusing to connect them; the   phophesying evil.
Under the Kerensky regime the Bolsheviki
papers were ruthlessly suppressed. The soldiers
complained that they were prevented from getting
them in the trenches even when they were published. But wfth the power in their hsnds now
the Bolsheviki threatened to handle mercilessly
such papers ss would incite to resistance or deli-
postmen refused to handle their mail
would not despatch their message*. Tne "autocracy of labor" sabotaged as did the bourgeoisie.
Thfa weapon, ssbotege, that tite workers have
never learned to use, appears to have been the
natural one for the dethroned master*. Goal
mines were flooded by their erstwhile owners, ma
chinery destroyed and locomotives crippled. Bunk berstely prevent news. They showed the ell
clerks were brihed to strike snd so dislocate the nature of the struggle and the absolute foolishness
machinery of finance. The employees of sixteen of allowing the bourgeofa any means of expres-
government departments struck work and still the    sion. ,
laystetten-Sympt;oa^^eaayse. Uncouth seamen, ;UBtp. speaking on the Press Decree makes the
with hands like the knuckle-end of a bam, oner- point elear: "We Bolsheviki have always said that
ated the plugs on the telephone switchboards; fee-   wlien we reached a position of power we would
close the bourgeofa press. To tolerate the bourgeois newspapers would mean to cease being u
Socialist.   When one makes s revolution, one can-
laboriously through the led-
bank; they filled.their square
not mark time, one must always go forward-or
their kind lined up to help
with the Allied
at their euuueJfa and mounted same far
the streete. fhuy used the boy scouts to distribute tltete literature and the students ef the mili-
tsry schools to do their fighting, leaving them in
the lurch when fsilure had crowned their efforts.
They did all these things they
ef today.   They
m spite of the fact that
them than sny other body of the
ing emus and H showed its effects during the
course of the swveiutten.
The maintenance of order hi Petrograd through
Charles E. Hughes predicts .downfall for Bolshevism in Buaste and says "it does not deserve
to be counted even ss Socialism." But te he warranted in making this prediction or correct in hfa
description of the movement? Lenine hss been
in power for nearly two years snd csn claim to
lead "the oldest popular administration in Con-
tinental Europe." Premiers and cabinet* of long-
established governments have come and gone while
this grim revolutionist has held undisputed control. What chance fa there that he will be overthrown if hfa followers see him treating on equal
terms with other powers snd are told that revolution is'spreading all over the world! To aay
that Lenine, in his objects, te anything but a
Marxian international socialist seems to us to misread hfa writings. In advocating dictatorship by
the proletariat—that in, the workmen of the cities
—as the original step toward, .first, the "emancipation" of the peasant population, snd, later, a
general levelling, he is in accord with the great
genius, Karl; Marx, who gave form to modern
socialism. If his end fa s simple communal state
practically without laws, he does not iHssgrOS
with  the writings  of  Priedrich   Engels—Marx's
right-hand"-or with the dream of Other socialist philnssphois.  The attunes between Bolshe-
and Menshevfam m it appears in the works
of tite tun 1 skills fa slmost entirely a difference
in imsuihsh gisltloal smtheda of bringing the
about,    i/enine is far the
am^asmanmmfrtausm •       fi aaafa* ■
others for orderly political processes.    It Is no
surprise to leara from Shneem Btrunaky, wka-
looks upon socialism with thc indulgent aye of a
good humored student, that tlm Socfalfat Conference at Berne waa everwhclminelv scsinst tite-
wsys of Bolshevism. But so were the liberals of
the world against the methods of the French revm
the factory
the met
in the Bed Guard. They
with the work of offsetting the
heart of Europe before their
end-Collier's Weekly. F^Wf?
Economic and Menshevik Determinism
That the Russian people are ready mentally for
a system without class-rule can hardly be questioned ; that is the message of the Revolution.
Therefore we come to the final point of our
problem: Why do the Mensheviki say that the
material conditions are not yet ripe for the Social
They contend that Russia has a big agricultural
proletariat but a proportionately small industrial
proletariat, that further industrialization under
the supremacy of the bourgeoisie is still necessary so as to reach the stage arrived st in the
advanced nations, such as England, Germany, etc.
But why must a big or preponderating portion
of the country be industrialized? Because it
brings the workers together, makes them a homogeneous unit, and enables them to become conscious of their relation to each other as members
of a class. In other words, it fa the instrumentality by which the mental equipment and message
pf Marx and Engels is conveyed to the masses.
The average individual cannot acquire a knowledge of socialist philosophy by analysis and abstract thought, and if that were the only way in
which the emancipation could take place, it might
never occur.
(Continued from last Issue)
;   v
Hut the worker learns these things very concretely. "-Pressure and mare pressure until the
cause penetrates to the consciousness."
Nevertheless, if industrialization heretofore has
served the purpose of developing mental consciousness by exerting pressure intensively and extensively, it is also true that the Russians have arrived at that condition of mind already, so that
the bourgeoisie could only give them what they
had attained previously, besides handing them a
number of other things which the workers would
rather not have.
Moreover, there is a very good reason why
Russia does not need the same degree of industrial development as tne western nations in order
to become a revolutionary mass. The industry that
has "been introduced came at a late stage, fa on. a
big scale, and did not have to be built up from
small beginnings. In other words, the Bussian*,
just as in the case of the Japanese, adopted the
completed result that It took the other nations a
much longer time to find by experimentation and
pioneer work, and together with it they similarly
adopted the philosophy and economics of Socialism. ;
Therefore a much smaller proportion of industry in Russia was able to furnish a much larger
proportion of revolutionary understanding than
in the nations where these processes first occurred.
Russia, consequently, does not hsve to run through
the whole gamut of clam relations. What was historically inevitable in the pioneer nations, namely
a high degree of industrialisation and pressure
by concentration, does not mean that similar prolongation of agdny must be duplicated in Bussia.
For while history fa a repetition of the application
of certain principles and laws the manner tn
which thfa takes place fa not a duplication, but
varies with our mental capacity. ..    *
No wonder, therefore, that the Russian people
could not accept the dictum of the Mensheviks
to continue to. crucify themselves until seme lster,
more suitable time. What on earth the bourgeoisie was to do for them under such circumstances had better be left to a bourgeofa social
scientist to explain rather than a revolutionary
(Continued in the next Issue)
Morals vs*
The capitalist fa a very moral person.' Ton can
tell this by what he says (rather than by what
he does), also by what others say of him, particularly preachers and fake reformers of society.
The capitalist and those who speak for him can
talk in the most idealistic terms, he can use such
jnoids an"democracy,*' "Justice," "liberty,"
"equality," etc., until one fa simply astounded at
the breadth of vision he display* and hfa deep- ing profits reduced. We have noticed thst when
seated "human interest." un1l»w|ia%etl0tt'' or  threatened   reduction   of
That is, he can do this so long as he does not   profits. Mr. Capitalist not only becomes "nervous*'
have to talk of the real facta of life.   But the   but positively hysterical.
moment he tries to combine bus high ideals with Mr. Perkins, however, believes thst the aaeri-
the real problems presented by,the struggle be- fiees which both capitalist and worker, as he says,
tween himself and his workmen over wages, hours,    have made during the war, has bred  a  higher
cal," Mr. Perkins simply means that it has been
the customary method of the past. Now, all
workers who have experienced reductions of wages;
or partial or complete unemployment during such
times know what a hardship it^to,. And, no doUbt,
Mr. Capitalist also weeps 'when he thinks of the
hardships resulting from layoffs and wage reductions, but we have noticed that he seems to bear
thfa sorrow mueh easier than the sorrow of hav-
etc, the other side of his character comes to the
front, try as he wjll to hide it, and can easily be
detected by anyone who is even moderately critical ot what he reads.
The Union League Club' of Chicago has published a pamphlet by Herbert T. Perkins of the
International Harvester. Co., under the title "The
Manufacturer's Wage Problem." Summed Up,
tite problem fa how to keep the workers contented,
make a "fair" profit, find a market for hfa goods,
and absorb the returning soldiers in industry. Mr.   never ^^ iht h^ TOtHttes of business conduct.
Perkins recognizes the bigness of the problem when   A1resdy we bear of on organisation of soldiers in
¥■ W*;•*».. wuuld indeed Ite more than a man   the same city from which thfa pamphlet came,
who   could   measure   the   problem   and   fit  its
answer. . . .**
Mr. Perkins, in attempting to analyze the situation, fa obliged to. deal with facts, and in ao doing
NM*PlM% oonflict between tite capitalist's
wo^Sto and^^mmmmU'l^S^l^m
spirit. Directly following the quotation above, be
emphasizes the following remark:
"It does not seem possible, however, thst sueh
s thought can be the proper immediate reaction of
peace to the spirit which impelled ihe United
States to tske up arms in the fight against the
Central Powers."      /
Alas, he who expects the capitalist to live up to
the ideals which he far wont to voice at banquets,
fa doomed to disappointment. These things'will
"Too many employers,
on the experience of the
tin future, have
often nervf
The thought bus bam borne atrougty In
them .that the historical and therefore tho most
natural and correct method of moating the period
of declining business snd profits te through
prompt reduction of t*
the stimulstion
There fa considerable to be lesrned from this
paragraph if we will ponder over it. In the first
place we learn that the "historical" method of
preventing a reduction of profits in times of bum.
ness depression fa to reduce wages.   By"
Chicago, for the purpose of trying to obtain em
ployment for returned men. We also hear that the
organization is not approved by the military
authorities. But mueh as Mr. Perkins seems to
wish that the employers will refrain from reducing wages because of the stopping of the war. he
fa finally obliged "to admit that H may be necessary.   He says::
"tf the worst comes and through the pressure
of competition from shroud, it becomes evident
that with all other resources exhausted, general
snxkrasly and employment snd consequently general prosperity
can only be maintained by a decline in commodity
wage, sueh further adjustment must.' necessarily
follow." *^w>''
By "commodity wage" Mr. Perkins moans the
1 amount of commodities which wages will
aim. He therefore means to ssy thst a reduction fh the Bring standard of the worker may be
nridusBij ' But. Mr. Fhriite*, jf the capitalist has
imbibed so much "democracy." we may at least
confidently expect that he will not do this until.
m you say. "all ether capao*fcnts are otknnsHd "
We shall expect him to first give up bfa palatial
Mining Conditions
in Great Britain
[Extracted From a Scottish Newspaper]
At Saturday's sitting of the Coal Commission,
Mr. John Robertson, chairman of the Scottish
Union of Mine Workers, said that mining was
ad i a it ted to be a dangerous occupation, but oven
by persons living in mining districts the danger
wa»-*Uo* fully -Mimed. The number of, persons
i.mploved in snd about the mines of the United
Kingdom wss fully 1,U00,0C0. Fifty-five thousand
had been killed in fifty years, and from 1907 to
1916 thc-e was a total of 12,400 killed. Persons
injured in' 1913 totalled 17(',h68, and In 1914,
15S.8I.2. In twenty years tht»e was a total of at
least 3 1-4 millions. Mining was more deadly
than war, said Mr. Robertson: the miner was always on active service; always in the trenches.
The totals given did not include what the miner
paid by disease in his occupation. He then went
on to relate details of living conditions. •'■-'••>.
The kept capitalist press of Canada, in order
to discredit the struggles of British labor for better conditions, characterizing them as the result
Of materialistic greed, has'been carrying on a regular line of dope on the extravagancies of the British working classes, because of possession of unaccustomed wealth, through high wages. We all
remember tite stories of the miner's wife buying
three pianos; whteh were served up to us with
variations. Mr. Robertson quoted statistics to
show thst over the period of five yesrs the east
of living had risen by 3s 6d. while the wsges ruse
(Continued on Page Six)
mansions, his country clubs, hfa yachts, hfa retinue of serrants and hte Itef^ satiUuss^ Iwteis to .
burdens hmterff a 11 h has »suu»''of lamnum: mil -  '
hfa workmen and their children arc suffering privation.  W. knve g suspicion, ltewavur, that If wa .
ever see sueh things it wfll be to aa opium tehrt
fa there any tessou fur worktegmeu to kmm^
from all thbf   Yes: there is ona big, lemos, SUd   .
Waga^PjrokJrm   fa to institute a system of
producers wfll receive their remuneration, 1
ti» form of a' wage paid by a eupituttet, but ss a
soMnnaakfiAn     #Am     eapviasm       tasxjtasBsss*sm^
ty.  They
£am    in a ■■!! ii ■      mMMmwm turn mmt*    U>rf*    mMmmmMmmm SO
tor ear i tec rennereu to society.
■     .
■   - "fl
Our Book
. ■ ■ ;
sr» %sw
Russia Under theSooieb
yl Journal of News and Views
■ *i?/
YOU 1   NO. 16,
■si i-'*» ■■•■•'  #m   ■
pP.    ••■'■'•.*;   -      ^Laeamm       V V
to the Interests of the WjQrltfrig Class
of Evolutioii or
IAN    I*«iNCiBCO.--(By   n^).~A^    appeal    >-|ajIJB p^vfctonai joint Committee set up by any   fundamental   ehsnge,"   there   fa   only   one
from the labor organizations st Vladivostok to the    ,J|   ^ industrial Conference, which waa called straightforward course to take.   That course is to
working man end working women of the United    by the Coverniuent last month to relieve itself of ask their conference tUjback them up in a demand
States has lieen brought in by courier.   Since labor   an ugjjr situation in the industrial world, has now that Lloyd George and hfa government forthwith
unions sre outlawed snd illegal under Kohmhk, the   published its recommendations, which we presume resign us a preliminary step te the reconstitntion
S^W^                                                 4fer^ j^ fr^smnten at the resumed of society upon an euuitabl. bads.
m tw^ TnL rvaa?^'5                               eonferenea thfa week-end.     ,— Such a poliey, we beBove, would find a ready
15*^^1^^ -t> "to     -i       ^ it        Wh™ th* «ommitt<* WM •f*\*My*w*nf^*t rTStf f»|# <«» of thousand, who sre
t<&.aXaW..Maw*i-*y                   , .1 i,              that   its  .Migrations  would prove fntik, rinse • nnenr#ayed atIpVment, as well as the mam of
Committee     *e ■ WB°^ PJf1^ee^«* w*w obviously a cloak to thosj who  sre fortunate  to  be  in  employment
All    the   "'rtV*r up ,he inabiHty of the politicisns to solve meantime.
•   $| $$*?■ MJfiW "^K UN? tbmt we ***• ^i,Me !t is •An»«ed by the committee that tin-
*• <*3MrW*. "Stenn^oendal^na before us we are kering with the problem will only produce further
ft euer.te regard the situation as waves of unrest in growing magnitude, why   we
After a foreeful                                                                            1$$^^::*"**$ **• • **? Pninva> n^ain# further time an the mat.
Workingmen and Working Women of U. S. A.
.       t      .■■   :"• p«$ ... .ii..
GM& ■". V5.*-bJ
Soviet government by tha Allies and /*»** the
false pistmwte>nf the Chashs Blovsks and the
.     r&wMmmaww        m
■   ■
the   shop
»• <****•
wusands upon thousands of working
HSpt" end sfao
ejae of tite.eBjto
"lltiun fjfjf
In the
tne employers sre prepared to concede:
further, inasmuch as these have the eamreval of
■tite,;racMudltedr^iinmtmjn\im of tehnr,   the
#prarnmrM'g-r.thJted^te^ That ub>
qnestipns." ^ ^
Cole, nmaj^raeu.nte^to.tiank  jfflFi?*!
_ ^_ -— i»-aw    ■ ^a». ■■"^atv' msV ! ah.' earnwaeateiaamsfe'
■t pteasw. setting forth the vir-    fressive
tiiey hsve no   tues of Sjtete central, or public owstershrp. in the
tug from hunger and cold
saamMjam   mmmf ma^asjdm-flikte   #TMr*Baat
■ use* eel am   pTi    elspmammoaginnuT   oAxajp*
hrraiilTBtinsmii    WaaJeK^ "
•**} "s""£P>^"""^*^*JP^"f^""* a.   I*Twpp,''rv!''
However', the need is
organfaetten* can be of little
meagre means.  Furthermore, very m
are tmniuViidui'te innahsss .am
:. " to thfa usedy heun when a putt.
workingmen and peasants ^ars
the cries of international capitalists, while the part
ste) te btecding to death from thc uneven struggle    ^    %rr. j^b,   Docker   (chairmau
oalcial labor™
expectations mwWmwmm%MJMM?*
!S^m^^*W'-m^ fbat notir*
in the nature
of the donation,
, those who had
P.A*.      itkatat
for those who
indicated.   We sre <
"" e more active and ag-
bor movement.   UM
"""" u
. .'M
back it up.   If not; it
near future.—fllasgow
W t
Discussing the question  of
^^^Nte ;y *j tip^ fetlsVh^ urn «m te^ia^a, 5i^ *r Vgn their
^maamed^dnZT^'    *CT,I,^ ** ^^ *wminea t0 "»**•
"Itemand the- withdrawal  of
^    ' I
retarded  s^rerument   interference   with   private
i»t»^|nj'w~ mi. i JARf "svi iv w *?^^^   'w
f"      i
essterprisa on a nuisance
The trade union  representatrves.  sfter having
■tiiaahii   |S.    —a   ■-* .'     _a   it...., .».Y«  Sa^taSS.      fi....f A« 1   ^t..       —      ^- —.    -  *.*     _   - mm   •
answer rue can asyssmi or Tssmssmssi nnsww- rnrmsuoa xne government sun a programme or
ami stffl tho cries of orphans, children and "bidustrtel reca*rtrertten'' ft) amy salve their
with brotherly help.  Lighten their suiter. »****» V i»te»teMte^diak Of esllect^ awn-
.* "    i.- erseip, but * they steerrete bsKcre that "irrodue-
^SLs! ji   ^-^a. *.**     1# *k.   hnmvJhT;a«Ns* btsllt ^
Warn eotarnuaiy 'Ogarm, nsjmjaspaaiire of tne   ifcr«f||«|l ^ i^paj^ # essss»srruemUu.   snd   that *
V***1*™***:* tmm* ***> ^*   Vto*   *^nn»rete,e>^lu^nmsn»
rfty lav   I,. ' ika
--» »n»'ar 11" \0k &j{
♦art -rs»*>l- '*djji^lsjir^:   •■/
:4.:njihnn;i-:a ateV
bsrft* *Tfate and Bastings


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