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The Red Flag May 31, 1919

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Welcome, Soldiers
ii        n
[From an Exchange]
HEN the United States entered the war the
problem of .withdrawing two million men
from industry was one ef the vital topics of
the day. Many suggestions of more of less value
were offered whereby this huge depletion of industry
could be affected without throwing the whole industrial machinery out of gear. The army of unemployed, which is one of the concomitants of Capitalism, and the influx of women into industry, however,
solved thc problem without tbe aid of the experts.
Nevertheless much ink was spilled and great-anxiety
for the welfare of the country was manifested.
. But now we are faced with the much greater problem of turning two million men back into industry
the experts,' for the most part, are silent and the
newspapers and magazines are apparently ignorant
of the entire subject. The soldier, who during the
war was a hero, the idol of the crowd, file darling of
the nation, has now become a disagreeable problem.
He is no longer mentioned in polite society. After he
has been brought back, paraded through the streets
and showered with the verbal laurels, he fa expected
to return to the obscurity from which he sprang and
to take his place in the ranks of the jobless,, not as a
returned soldier wearing a uniform with service
chevrons and with strines on;..toe,,skeyea^smt^i^'
ordinary member of the proletariat, who through
hard luck fa out of a job. to whom society owes
nothing and who must expect nothing from society.
When he insists on looking for work in his uniform be is covertly reproached for his lack of taste,
and when he very naturally replies that he is in uniform because he has no civilian clothes, soctety
assumes an air of injured dignity and says "something must" be done.*'    Tne  "something"  usually
himself for sale in the labor market He has been
welcomed and feted and he roust step, . down to
make room for the next batch who will be welcomed
and feted in its turn.
But the returned soldier must live, he must find
employment, and what better occupation could he
get than assisting in tbe welcome to his brothers to
arms. A new industry is created by the spirit of
welcome. Flag buttons, proclaiming the welcome
are manufactured and offered for sale And
who can refuse to buy from a soldier, especially
if he waa wounded in the country's servicet Here
is the solution of the problem! Let the soldier sell
the welcome button—the soldier fa kept busy, .the
public is ashamed to refuse the salesman, and the
manufacturer makes money. *
Thus the streets of our cities are swarming with
soldiers in uniform, offering gaudy buttons and
buntings for sale. Fine up-standing fellows arc
reduced to street hawking, and street hawking is a
hard job. (The returns' are small, tite hours of work
are long and the experience fa humiliating. After a
spell of this.work the spirit is broken and the slave
psychology again gains the ascendency. Any job,
where the begging element is absent, is welcome and
the foreman's glance regains its' old poker.
I. L. P.—A totter to the "Labor Leader"
' ^ Sir.^We aak for space in which to give a brief
exposition of the reasons that are leading us, at
this juncture, to resign membership of the I. L.
P. and B. S. P. In so far as we hsve any personal feeling in the matter, it fa one of profound
regret at having to sever ourselves from organisations iu which so many valued comrades remain
at work. This said, let us confine ourselves to
(l) Apart altogether from the question of So-
takes the form of a charity basaar or concert, amkvtetfat versus Parliamentary tactics, we incline to
when ftfafottnd thst the winter cannot be comfort- ^^v{ev that the purely political type of Soctalfat
ably disposed of in thc same way as our industrial
cripples—by relegation to an institution—society
becomes very annoyed indeed snd leaves him in hfa
own resources.
It must not be assumed, however, that tiw returned soldier is not welcome All the newspapers
say so, electric signs blazon forth the fact to. the
world by night, while appropriately colored posters
herald it by day. Every railroad in the countri) announces tiw fact; aldermanic resolutions inscribe ft
on city records: triumphal arches, monuments of the
contractor's art, (and thc bills for same, monuments
to his imagination), establish it beyond dispute.
There is no lack of the external symbols of welcome.
And every succeeding troopship that reaches port is
a signal for new parades. But after being welcomed
the soldier is supposed to gracefully disappear. ,\
When he sailed away to France, service flags were
flung to the breeze. Every employer hung nut a
banner, the number of whose stars told the immensity of the sacrifice made by the firm in allowing
its employes to march off to war, hired new employes and forgot about the matter until the casualty
list caused the substitution of a gold star for one of
the blue ones. How tbe service flags hsve disappeared, and the suggestion that it should be replaced by a flag showing the number of returned
soldiers reinstated' in their old jobs is ^sktly ignored. .The truth of the matter is that the employer
being first and last a business man, docs not want
men who have developed the independence and
self-reliance that comes to those who have stared
death in the face.
The master dearly loves a willing slave, and the
employee whose slave training is unbroken by adventure m foreign fields invariably proves the better
servant. The man who has daily brushed shoulders
with death fa not likely to cower before a foreman's
glance. And so the returned soldier's welcome
cense, when he return, to civilian life and offers
organization* has outlived its usefulness. The political, social, and educative functions that have
attached to such bodies in the past will (so we
believe) in the future, be branches of the activity of the new type of industrial organisation.
Upon the workers' committees and shop stewards'
movement, therefore, we wish to concentrate sueh
t'bne as we can spare for public work. We would
suggest, further, that the new periodical, issued
by the various workers' committees afford on interesting indication of the growth of the new
movement, and that these sheets are likely to replace, as the means of effective revolutionary propaganda, tiw older and mom sedate party and
trade union official organs.
(2) We consider that the second International
fa not merely dead, but damned. Wc are convinced that the success of the. working class movement (or, in other words, that the complete overthrow of capitalfam) fa inseparably connected
with the success of the new Bed or Moscow International. The I. L. P. supports the Berne International, and cannot get further than a "refusal to condemn Lento.'' The B. 8. P., better advised, goes so far as to refer to the branches the
question of adhesion to the Communist International, (Were tins the sole issue, we should await
the result of thc referenedum before withdrawing
from the B. S. P.).
(3) The absolutely vital question, however, k
that of affiliation to the Tabor Party. There Is a
hopeless divergence betwen those who expect to
realize Soeislfam through Parliamentary democracy and those who expect to realise. SoctaBmi
through communist ergatocracy—the administration of the workers by the workers for the workers
—wfth fee a preliminary stage) the dietatorahip
of the revolutionary proletariat exercised through
workers' committee, or Soviets. Here fa the
crux: and no pious resolutions of sympathy wfth
our Bussian comrades can veil tiw feet, that after
the Easter Conferences of 1919—four yearn after
Zimmerwald and eighteen months after the Bolshevist revolution—the 1. L. P. and the B. S. P.
remain affiliated to the Labor Party, and
fore remain committed tp Parliamentary
To sum up. The conferences at
fend Sheffield have shown that neither the LL.
P. nor the B. & P. has adequately realized that
the world stands at the threshold of a new era.
Not merely do they fail to grasp the necessity af
new tseties for the social revolution, but they oven
fail to perceive that the revolution for which we
have so long been working fa actually to progress.   The cry is >'Show your colors!"
For thc undersigned the only practicable "Socialist unity" is the unified activity of the revolutionary left wing--Tours, etc.,
7 Featherstone Buildings, London, W.C. 1.
We miss something, you and I, in not attending
the annual meeting of the shareholders of the Midland Railway Company. Especially have wg missed the eloquence of shareholder Miss F. E. Budge
of London: ( ■"'    ■•■■   £*&
Ladies and gentlemen.  I  may  say here  that  I
•have been for twenty-five years in business, and
I am going to tell you that if I were on the Directorate, do you think I should have seen my
shareholders, in the face of an increase in the cost
of living of 120 per cent, have to take the same
dividend as before, if there was any chance of increasing that dividend?  We have carried it, ladies and gentlemen; if we have not, of course, do
;  not' let us have it.   Do you mean to say that if
we were paid for alt the work which has been
done on the British Bail ways in connection with
the war that wc should stand where we are today? Of course not.
: In other words, she would not budge.   With all
"due respect" to the directors, she continued,
"we ritast.'have an increased dividend because wc
have earned it."
Miss Budge Was followed by the Rev. W. S. Carter D.D., of Futoam^ who declared:-- * S>|
"I wish it had been possible to have more details as to the future of our beloved raitwaj
The Rev. G. F. Marson of thc Church Army says
(Daily Telegraph, 18-3-19) that
"Mesopotamia was the biggest pride of the war.
Its fertility was so winderful that, with a proper irrigation scheme, it was estimated that in
. five years its produce would pay for thc war. It
could be made the greatest cotton-growing country in the world.
But who is to get the prize?
The lads with the wooden legs?   Thc relatives
of the dead wbo lie in the marshes at Kttt or by the
roadsides of Flanders?
For them the blanks. They are to have memorial tablets in thc Parish Church; they are to get a
"nation's warmest thanks;" they will be requited
with thc knowledge that they have made the world
safe for Democracy and a fit place for heroes to
live in, where the rights of man as mjan shall not
perish, and where Righteousness shall sheathe its
sword until the eternal truths have been made manifest, and where Treitsche lies buried in the welt-
politik of the Saar Valley,     . .     etc.   * ,
And it is written, their bellies shall be filled with
the cast wind.       '
LONDON. Msy 27.—Thoussnds of discharged
soldiers snd sailors out of employment, armed with
stones snd^dvser missiles, marched toward, the
"House3 of Commons yesterday. They came into
conflict with the pelke barring the approaches and
were scattered.
Later the procession was re-formed and marched
toward Buckingham Palace, but the demonstration
broke up before ft reached the palace. There were
no farther disorders.
The demonstration followed a mam meeting to
Hyde Perk, where the discharged soldters/ end
sailor, demanded work and a minimum wage scale-
■     ■ ■
• -
Up. '
. ' M hi
at 'franalation of (hi Annual Report of A. V. i***
aaharskv Gommisar of Education in the Soviet G
miinmul frr'Bit Trr^tfr?*iw ****>******* 7, WW
>!l> i ■ i ■■  mmi'ii*,.-' . .,.   »>f    •
(Continued from Laat Week)
■ ■  ■* •■
. • " • Iaurnrte.
White awaiting the growth Cf onew communist
enlightened workers, which the schools will give
us. we must simultaneously meet the growing desire for knowledge on the part of the adults. For
thst reason it k essential to organize a long line
of universities in provinces, cities and villages, and
also spreading of a great number of libraries,
stable and circulating, for the advantage of the
massea. and finally the organization of educational
expeditions into the country and the sale of literature through various channels (of communication
end- primarily through the Post-Telegraphic Department    ■ i?M .■•     >■)
In order that there should be unity in'the ucti-
vities of the large, central libraries, they have been
co-ordinated Under tiw supervision of the Central
Library Commission, which te occupied with the
elaboration of schemes of how effectively to distribute books and reach the members of libraries.
The public library of Petrograd has been granted
a near and fruitful democratic constitution and
considerable means for its, development. We wish
to remark here also, that all governmental archives
have been converted and centralized and made accessible to the public. The victorious nation has
Inherited wonderful Czarist, feudal and ehurchly
property. In addition to the official museums,
the Commissariat of Public Education has created
new museums, using the historical and artistic and
most precious palaces and castles of the czars and
lords for thst purpose, protecting them in the year
of tragic fermentation, When the.,highly-precious
property of the despised classes Was in danger of
being destroyed. Finally the Commissariat of Public Education has created a new special organ:
The Commission of the Protection, of Artistic Monuments of Antiquity, which* not only saved many
of them from ruin, but also nationalized fell "'the
culture and art of the conquered for the democratic and universal benefit of the people at large.
In the same way, all former imperial theatres
have been protected and granted full autonomy
for the actors, snd despite the critical revolutionary period, the theatres are functioning in
full force, the plays becoming more and more of
a proletarian character, snd the theatres becoming gradually the property of the working masses.
? The Government theatres of Petrograd, resort-
tog at first to sabotage politics, hsve finally sent
to to the People's Commissariat a touching address
of thanks.
Moreover, the Commtesriat supports "Soviet
theatres, such as the rem.rk.ble Moscow Soviet
Operatic Theatre, and a number of communtetic
theatres of Petrograd. .
The Theatrical, Department w energetically
working out the problems snd methods of scenery
to be introduced, children's'theatres, the hktory
end theory ef the theatre, publishing journals illuminating and discussing those subjects.
eerte in different neighborhods periodically.
cf Busste for the purpose of solving complicated
In the same manner, all the choruses and
orchestras of all former religions and imperial institutions have been taken over and reorganised
democratically by the Commissariat The imperial
orchestra gives at the present time one concert
a week of a musical and academic character, so
to speak, two popular concerts in the beautiful
.balk of the Winter Palace, which has been converted into s National Palace of Art, fend eon-
lions-under the Soviet regime. The Academy of
Sciences, the Association of Knowledge and e
number of other education societies work in cooperation with the Educational Department.
a a .
The two best choruses in the world, in all proba-   problems brought into prominence by the eondi-
bility, the one of the chapel and the synodic one,
have been converted into publicly-accessible Academies of Musk and Song. A true public character has been given*to various musical schools under
the supervisor-ship of military and naval departments. Thc conservatories hare been also taken
over by tiw Commisariat of Public Education, and
in the near future a conference wfll be called to
consider systematic and radical reforms to be introduced in those advanced musical establishments. The Musical Department te elaborating
plans for courses in singing snd musical education.
Through this department as well as through th.
endeavors of the department of advanced educational establishments, bare been opened S greet
array of learned mid educational institutions These
ere: The Physical Institute cf Moscow, tiw Institute of Petrograd, the Institution of
snd a plan for one Central School for earnest fend   **V*7 end Photetoehnique to Petrograd. univer-
aspiring students.
sities in the cities of Worones, Tambov, Nteni Nov-
Tl»e/Department of Plastic Arts, in order to enliven (the completely decrepit Academy of Arts.
has radically democratized ite present advanced
educational establishment,    it  has been made ar-
cessii le to the pnMte.   The professors hsve been -
chosen   by  the  students  themselves. # and  in  thk  ,
u-ay I in ve been reorganized the Pre t Governmental
Artistie Workshops.
The following schools also have been instilled
with s new spirit:    Strogenowskajs, Sehtiglka,
Along with the Department of Plastic Arts there
is another department, the Artistic-Industrial* Department, whieh is occupied with the problem of
elevating the artistic aspect of industry. For that
purpose it operates at the present time a porcelain and grinding factory and k organizing colossal workshops. 'It is worth" noting thst the porcelain factory manufactures thousands of Wares
and dishes for peasants" (ornamented by the new
emblem of the Soviet Republic and with revolutionary slogans), the orders for'which sre given •
by the Commisariat of Supply of Provisions.
Public Statuary
On the Department of Plastic Arts fell also the
duty of removing unesthetic and unmoral monuments, and building new monuments of great
thinkers, workers fend poets of the revolution.
In most cases the monuments have merely a
temporary character and serve as a monumental
bttste for the propagation of revolutionary ideas
among the masses. The best of them will be made
permanent Up to date two monuments, those of
Ferdinand LassahV and Radishew, have been unveiled in Petrograd, and in Moscow the monuments*
of .Dostoyevsky, snd a very original one dedicated
to Stephan Rasin, are ready among others for unveiling.
Besides monuments there fere in preparation tablets of stone and metal with various revolutionary
inscriptions, which, too, will serve the purpose of
revolutionary and .communistic propaganda.
The World's Bert Idterature
In the literary field, the Commissariat has taken
over toe right of publishing literature, thus taking
away the right *f profit from private publishers.
It publishes literature of the best sort in srtistie
editions and at nominal prices.
The Commisssrist k determined to publish the
best Russian cfasaics to the near future. It has .
thrown upon the market thousands of sets st cheap
prices, of Tolstoy, ITspenski, Nikitin, Krylov, Kol-
chov, Turgcnkv, Chechov, etc. I-enumerate here
only those autho/s whose works have been published either in full, or of which the first volumes
have appeared. m
Shortly also the Department of Foreign Literature, under the supervision of Maxim Gorky, will
begin to function. 'Thk department he. a remarkable field before it, and under tite directorship of
a great man like Maxim Gorky B te bound to accomplish unprecedented results.
The Education Department k occupied with the
problem of mobilising sll tiw educational forces
gored, the Polyteehnkal School of'
The last-named institution has cost $7,1
the totsl of which was eoUected by the k
lation. ''The city of Kostroma also has collected
$2,000,000 for the purpose of establishing a university there*. In the near future will begin to
function an institution extremely important to
Russia, a Smelting Institute in Moscow,' devoted
specifically to thc aim of extracting Mid mining
local coal. «
In close contact With the educational department of the Conunissariat of Public Education
there works the newly organized scientific-technical department of the advanced Soviet of National
Economy. ■ In a near contact with tiw last-named
department we Snd also, the Kino-Committee. a.««w»
elated with the Commissariat of Public Education,
in Petrograd as well aa to Moscow, spreading in all
provinces its activities from producing pictures to
surveying snd buying materials for new moving
picture theatres.
Finally, there are the high establishments of socialist education in Russia, the Soeiahst Academies
of General Sciences, forming a link in the greet
organization and body of the Commissariat of
Public Education, and also forming-one of the
most learned and*educationa1 and tiw most effective instruments in disseminating socialist class-
consciousness,  and  strengthening tiw communist
ideals to ekr country.
■ '/•  •     •   -e   ,'•'.:
From the summary ahove given the reader can
weff conjecture'how colossal V the task of the
Commisssrist of Public Education. It has s noble
program and ideal as its guiding spirit, and in
spirit, and in spite of unfavorable circumstances,
it has already succeeded in gaining successes in
msny an undertaking.
Tn addition to the present essay and tiw short
account presented to the Soviet of People's Com-
misssra one and a half months-ago. the National
Educational Bureau k preparing a detailed account of some specific angles of its activities, furnishing concrete, figures, snd presenting the full
accomplishments of the central government for the
end of the year 1918. '        _
Insurmountable obstacles hsve obscured the
work of the Commissariat. , But priding itself
upon Be important role fn the family of friendly
comntisssrks of Soviets, h .goes on firmly wHh Be
idealistic aim. snd wfll never falter even though
some of Be programs msy not rn.teri.lke as soon
as could be desired.
According to renter, dispatch in the Daily Herald of April 5. Mr. Bate, who H will be remembered wss deported some years age along with
eight other lsbor traders from South Africa on the
occasion of a big strike, said, speaking At Johannesburg. "I know intuitively thst South Africa te
on the brink of a wholesale upheaval of tiw working classes.'' ; ■"■■■ '  '•*" s!
m -
.   .
'  '■   ... -     . ...■■   _;., .::,^s^i^i^n*j
in the Glasgow '
Since 1916 organized Irish later has Iwen in the
hands of tbe Moderates. They have accomplished
the full measure of a moderate programme. They
here built up an expansive Trade Unionism; they
here maintained a labor Party and established s
trade union paper. They hsve held fast to the
policy of not alienating the timid. No one will
deny them credit for the routine work of thek
limitations Thek obvious function waa to eon-
serve theViergiea of the proletariat of an Ireland
hemmed in by the European war and her internal
demands for separation from England.
In the recent yean whkh have beseiged the
national spirit they hsve made tiw Irish Labor
movement a business concern. But the Irish are
not a nation of shopkeepers; they are, a nation
of insurgent "felons"—the gaol-mark is upon them
like a birth-mark, and thek feet turn upon the
wfeyward path of revolt like a racial destiny.
It is one of tbe most bitter truths which we
must all learn, no matter what cause we fight for,
in tiw very hour perhaps of on> triumph we must
yield our victories to the generation at our heels.
Their needs transcend our gains. Thek fight supersedes our own. The life of a people is always
greater than ha individual expressions,, so that
the utmost which any of us can do is to "carry
on" during our test fighting years, snd keep the
spears brandished for She younger bands.
The Irish" Labor movement haa reached a change
of hands period. It. must either turn with the
dignity of maturity to a revolutionary rank and
file and acknowledge their younger purpose, or it
Ite reply will decide to. what extent its propaganda will meet the needs of the people to the immediate future. It Is a question whteh they can
not evade forever,' and if they evade it beyond
m$m ■ ^mm^m^pm^
^^ —wmwm-*™™™*™wmww    w^mr^^^^^^^^^m^^^^^ _  wRaajow. smwmwM^w.:
■ ■!iiiji*»!
According  to  the  London  "Labor  Leader"  of
May 8, May Day celebrations in Great Britain and
the iwtienee of ^ 'Irelehd were held, on  an unprecedented scale.
even the trust of thek own supporters, who will
begin with the "Why, oh! why!" of the impotent
to ask why things remain, the same and changeless in a world obviously ruled by change t
It is childish to reply thst the time te unripe,
snd that sn economic revolution would be inexpedient.   The time is never ripe for reactionaries.
Glssgow, true to its ronutotijm, bed 250 organizations in procession, and the Red Flags flamed
over .11.' Over a hundred speeches were delivered
from 22 platform, in the course of 90 minutes,
snd at 4 >jb. the following resolution waa acclaimed by the warned audiences:
"That this meeting declares for the overthrow
Those who are ready for the revolution are pre-   of the capitalist system of production for profit,
pared for its consequences. Irishmen have never
been afraid to die for a cause they, believed in.
The adhesion of the. young men of today to the
lesson of the Banter rising, the strenuous belief
in armed force, the demand to revolutionise the
army—to propagate them beyond the murder of
their own class show thst the right material te
there to support Russia with an Irish rampart. .„
I   ! ■ fflli ii.iji II. i  .     I ' ■■
!"■'"!» '¥"'
To the Editor the. Socialist, Glasgow:        , .
Dear Comrade—At the annual delegate meeting of the International Socialist League, South
Africa, held in Johannesburg, January 6, 1919, the
following;resolution was passed a "That tins delegate meeting sends fraternal greetings to the Russian Soviet Government, the Spartacus Group in
Germany, and to all International Socialist bodies.
Further, thst this League acclaims the glorious
advance  of the Socialist Revolution 1n  Europe;
and the establishment of a co-operative commonwealth baaed wn production for use;. and further
sends their greetings to thc European Soviet Be*
publics in Europe and to tbe workers of tiw worid>
Also we protest against the arrest and deportation
of foreign subjects without trial; further, we
urge the withdrawal of all armies of occupation,
and declare in favor of the 1st of May being observed as International Labor Day."
In Edinburg six bands played the process**, ftb
the meeting ground where stouter resolutions were
enthusiastically passed as at the Glasgow meeting. In many other, places similar proceedings
were the order of the day.
London also had its procession, and ite meetings.   From thc report we quote a description of
one significant feature in the precession:
« "Here is s strange  looking, plain white banner,   bearing  no   device  but four  large  letters,
as. A.U. y\
To the unitisted the letters mean nothing at
i —  m , - - i •   '    ' ■ m,    t   ■ i    -B   ;-     '"Aa,      tm' m\ '.'. aW.j    •   ' -J*wi • *'***'   wfmmwmt'- uiiuihi\u     i uv     ivffiti o    anuu,mwn i iiuiiimit
must tom .way from them with the bigotry af   ptedges ^i^mm^^^^^m   all.To thorn with inside knowledge they form
.jsaaeasora snd deny thek rtohte.   tt witt in tins   against the attack., or^intrigues of the cenkalkt
manner keep the tunm «m m,. .    ...-*, .^^ ^ g^gg^^t, to spread the work-
The revolutionary Socialists who represent the   tog clsss movement in South Africa so ss to sestet
younger purpose know very definitely what they
are out to attain. They have bent thek backs,
with toll consciousness of the burden, for the
making and winning of. the Irish revolution. They
do not agree, with the Moderates thst they must
wait for tiw tide, of Bolshevism to seethe through
Western Europe and lap them up into the organic
processes of the new economic order of the world.
They remember England, fend they believe that
Bolshevism k much more likely to take a duck
to the Caspian or the Baltic and rise on the home
shores of St. George's Channel. In any ease, they
intend to start the system from thc Western extremity as a response to Bussia.* They believe in
in hastening the triumph of the Bevolution and
establishment of the Co-operative Commonwealth,
throughout the world.**
W. H. ANDREWS, Organizer.
January IS, 1919.
__ ,, .   ,, ^   ,	
MAT 24
the most portentiou. element of the whole parade,
an element not hitherto present to this or any
other country.
For the mystic letters on the banner are the
initials of the recently formed Soldiers', Sailors'
and Airmen's Union, formed of ex-service men and
some still in the ranks, of which the guiding spirit
is s Scotch ex-rifleman, and whose fundamental
article of faith is that under no circumstances will
a they  consent   to  be  used   against   fellow   trades
Where our metropolitan dailies really bent upon
recording significant facts in the labor movement,
they would have given column, last week to the
meeting of the Pennsylvania State Federation of
labor in llarrisburg. That body unanimously re-
..... elected as its president James H. Maurer, who is
deeds beyond words. It is their tenacity of faith alresdy wrving his seventh tews as head of tho
which accounts for thek patience with the Mod- organization. During hte incumbency, he hss operates. , They have given them ample time to fill p^ preparedness end our entrance into the war,
tins hour of 1919 with a constructive programme. and nt figured on the ridiculous Stevenson suspect
So fan th. Moderate, have failed to produce that itat. Next* the convention voted "amid tremend-
progremme.   The tr.de union movement te soweB   ous cheering" that organised; tabor, having  no
unionists in industrial disputes. The men are
wearing their discharge badges alongside redvrib-
bons and Socislist emblems.
"Bronzed and determined looking sre these
young men, who have fought on the blood-stained
fields of France and Flanders, fend fere now quite
ready, as they themselves put it, to 'flight the
Huns at home,' which, being interpreted, means
tbey will'stand no nonsense st sll from the profiteer and the swesting employer."
fn Ireland thc celebration of May 1 as a general
holiday waa almost complete, though the military
in many places prevented meetings and processions.   Comment on this, however, was mild be-
preserved that tt te becomtog deeadeutf tt k ao   longer anything to hope for from toe Bepublican   «&«, thst on toe action of J. H. 'Thomas, general
weB preserved that it* perts arodeeenteallsedfdr   and Democratic parties, must turn to independent
safety, and have become almost futile. What
would redeem it k a good healthy strike. It
would emerge from . strike quivering with newborn vitality.
There are' more trade union organisations to
Ireland than have ever been, and, apart from Belfast, "iwthtaVdeta'!''
It te time that tiw Irish working dam oraanka-
political action. The Federation'a executive committee is therefore to report principles and a line
of action to a special convention. Even more striking wm the passage of a resolution denouncing the
Allied snd American policy to Busste end dtftf*"*-
ing the withdrawal of American troops and the immediate lifting of the blockade. Tina was coupled
with . demand for the release of all political and
secretary of the National Union of Bailwaymen
in circulating the Irish branches that they must
not cease work, without the sanction of thek
executive. Thte fsiling, he issued a second "order"
to whkh, of course, the press gave lavteh publicity:
"I would warn them that if they, ere determined, as stated, to stop without authority from
thek executive, tt may be that the Irish Beflway
tions should be forged into a National todustrial   war-time prisoners and the recognition of the Irish   Executive will follow a tike course end
\T- Uuk wBh fe definite eeanemte policy. Its political expression depend, upon that policy. Bo far,
tt te organized politically as a Labor Party. England has had a Labor Party for years, but England has a long road to travel before she te ready
for direct action.    Ireland te ready.    A Labor
Republic.   Finally,   there   was a vigorous attack ^ into operation the settlement agreed to with
upon the Civte Federation, whteh wm charged .thk union."
with seeking "to sdminister   chloroform   to   the Yet thte Mr. Thouws wm a delegate to the ao-
trade-unwn movwnent *»   No wonderajt te reported called Socislist International Conference At Benw.
thrt   the^ old-line   leaders   of the American Fed- The same Mr. Thomas who, same months ago, told
eration of later are becoming nervous ss to what the English raflwaymen that if they did not be
Party can only function in a capitalist form of   may happen at^he Atlantic City convention next good he would retire end would not do anything
parliament for the Speeflc purpose of destroying   month, moTe for them.   He k now to thk country <Cen-
that form and revolutionizing it into a Socislist                           _J ^ty we belkve.   What*, tiw game!
Bxwutiv., or for the purpose of s gradual pro. \ -    v WHAT IB SCTENTD7I0 nX)OIALIBMT   J?-—■■
cam Of reconstruction.    Thc Irish  labor Psrty  Propaganda meeting, every Sundsv night  et
must tell the masses which of these ways ft means   The Manifesto of the Socialist Party of Canada: g p.m^ Empress Theatre, earner of Gore avenue
ns^nmajfc.^.A:                  .:. tr.i^ '• .";^v- ' ■ --."    Price—#6.00 per 104 \ti Stogie (!opks 'id. Cents: and Hssttogs street. •• •
Organized Labor's S
^^ ^^M^^^^^^QJ^rnJ^^l*^^      ^^*^*m*9****.^mvamr       ^umr mmmw
■      t *'.' ~    '    . ' '    "
The k C. Federationfat reports that the Vancouver Trades and Labor Council has submitted
the following seven demands as the minimum con-
ditions on which the strike shall be settled.
■ s >.e    •    .;<.,.a
Aim* of Labor in General Strike
.Realizing that while there areeftany problems
that face the workers that, cannot bejsolved under
capitalism, and that the end of that system fa not
yet; also realising that the present (situation fa a
political one, due to the action of the Dominion
Government in the Winnipeg strike, snd that as
the taking care of the soldiers who were disabled,
and the dependents of the men who have died on
the battlefields of France and Flanders are work-
tog class problems, the majority of the soldiers
being members of the working clsss, therefore be
ft resolved thst the following be the, policy of the
workers in Canana now on strike, or about to
come on strike in support of the Winnipeg workers.
1. The re-instatement of the postal workers
who struck in Winnipeg.
2. The immediate settlement of the postal
workers' s^kwncejt_____
3. The right of collective bargaining through
any organisation that the workers deem most
suited to their needs. \
4. Pensions for soldiers snd their dependents
on the basis laid down by the soldiers' organisations.
5. The minimum recompense for service over-
wr ^a^H «»n»u quoted in last week's do-
bate in the British House of Commons, a tetter
form a* eBsttegufahed author who has tost returned to, Ireland from active service at the war.
•'Returning to the country after four and a balf
years," he says, "I am really appalled by tiw
scandal it presents of people governed by naked
force: essentially the same system as in Belgium
snd in Germany: armed police. soldiers, ms-
ehines, tanks, gas, etc—all the hideous paraphernalia of war. The whole of it apparently to repress s people who are determined, to some way
or another, to atain their liberty."   Ireland de
sess by the granting of the sum of $2,000 gratuity.
..  Ik. .aMWh. of * «M *«H. fm*i   ^m-m^LTS?^ V^.^
abbattoirs and elevators, with a view to removing
thc evil of hoarding of foodstuffs.
7. The enactment of legislation to provide for
the six-hour day in sll industries where unemployment is prevalent.
Failing the granting of these demands by the
Dominion Government, the workers continue the
strike until the present government resigns snd
places these matters before the electorate.
The Policemen and Prison Warders of
the British Isles Demonstrate
(Common Sense],
By some chance I attended a huge meeting held
by the Police and Prison Officers' Union in Trafalgar Square last Sunday. As the newspapers
failed to give an adequate idea either of the magnitude of the demonstration or of the opinions
expressed there my impressions perhaps will not
be unwelcome to your readers. Some thousands
of people had already assembled to the Square
before a long procession of policemen and warders
in plain clothes was seen coming up Whitehall.
They were led at regular intervals by beam bands,
fourJn all; banners told off each section. Here,
for example, was the City of London branch of
the Metropolitan Police and there the Canterbury
branch of officers; other banners proclaimed to
tiw public ''Tyranny fa not discipline," "We fere
down the workers?" But thfa was not the only
grievance against militarism, and I listened eagerly as the police spokesmen objected to Sir Neville
Mseresdy, thek high commissioner, on the ground
that he wm . general transferred directly from
the war office to take charge of a trad, he had
never learnt, but probably wished to transform,
with the assistance of "8 few majors in high police
offices." j The speakers demanded that these high
posts should be filled by men "promoted from tiw
I was astonished to hesr these constables ad-
dressing such plain language to their high commissioner, who was. we Were told, rubbing shoulders wfth the crowd. I was still more astonished
to hear guardians of law and order declaiming
against the inhabitants of Mayfair and the members of the Lords and Commons, whom they ac-
aeused of possessing the bulk of the property of the
fa dominating the whole world. In return she
sees tanks lumbering through the street, of her
capital .nd aeroplanes vigilant overhead. Such
displays—it fa calculated—Mill in time make her
loyal. She will accept British rule, snd abandon
Sinn Fein; and recover whet the Chief Secretary
fa pleased to call her soul. Even Toryism protests against thfa criminal folly. Mr. Hills expressed profound disappointment at the Government statement. . They 'f have no solution to give
for the Irish problem. . . .Either the Government
hsve got s policy, or they have not If they
have got a polfcy, ft fa the bankruptcy of British
statesmanship. If they hsve got a policy, in God's
name let them tell us what that policy is." Be
sppesls boldly "to our own consciences and our
own hearts." '% as a Unionist, find the present
position pcrfeetlv intolerable. We cannot go on
as we are.." These are courageous wordfe. . It
might be well if Literal. Labor, and independent
Tory members got together to devise a scheme
which they could force upon this nerveless Ad*
ministration. But action there must he. We may
refer the Irish problem to the Empire. We may
refer ft to the United States. We msy refer ft to
the League of Nations. But military terrorism
fa impossible. The one thing certain is—"We can
not go on as we are."
Before the speakers mounted the phnth .Vta*aaea.   *M» nmnawfa
to go
the Square was a dense mass of people, extending
frpm the steps of the National Gallery to the
upper end of Whitehall, and the traffic was temporarily suspended or deviated from its route.
I was at the previous demonstration which the
police held at Tower Hill last,August, and one
could not fail, on thfa occasion, to notice a marked
changed in their attitude.   In August their pro-
tost was nervously made, and thek claims for
more wages were mixed up with demands for
clearing all enemy aliens out of the country. Last
Sunday they apparently dispensed with an irrelevant and no longer popular issue.   They boldly
defined—whether rightly or wrongly I 4a not
attempt to say—their aims and their status "vis
a vis" the laboring classes.   Their organization,
comprising police and prison officers in Bnglsnd,
Scotland, and Wales, plus an increasing number of
tit. Boyal Irteh Constabulary, claims to be recognised as a union on mueh the seme tooting aa any
othef* trade union.   Only thus could they determine, within reasonable limits, of course, thek own
conditions of work.- If .11 other means failed they
were prepared to strike in order to achieve thek
end.   First and foremast they demanded that all
arbitrary punishments should eeaee; end in this'
Connection the immediate reinstatement of Constable Spademan, who, ft was said, had teen summarily dismissed for not taking pert, as ordered,
In an election to a representation board whkh the
Government bad set up as a substitute to thek
union.   Agent as a union, they were pledged to
prevent the use of firearms to the police forced the
introduction of which they seemed to fear.   "We
"know what would very likely happen." said one
spesker.   "Would we not be" called upon to shoot
interests. The propertied elssses snd the Government msy be to blame for these sentiments, so new
and strange to our ideas of policemen. It was to
me a. little surprising and rather saddening that
such a large demonstration could te held without
a word being uttered against the starvation blockade, from which thousands of innocent women and
children are dying on the Continent or against the
war in Bussia, in which English soldiers are fighting against s system of government very like that
whteh tiw policemen seem to favor. One wishes
thst these union struggles' werex animated sometimes by something higher and tetter than self-interest.
m\ Mmmmm   eaVeafe.    wtfnr    "*ee a vaeeaaj   uaaeauww v nmwmfSmmwmf
The report of the Housing Commission which has
investigated conditions in Scotland declares that in
19J1 there were 129,780 one-room houses and
439,344 two-roomed: "in other words, 40.4 per cent.
of the total number of houses in Scotland have only
two rooms,'' and many of them had neither sculleries
sanitary conveniences, nor water supply.
The Royal Family, our Government, the Press,
arc all extrcmly annoyed about this disgraceful con-
dition of things. They call it a scandal to civilisation. But why their sudden wrath and seal?
This infamy was not caused by the Huns nor by
the war. There is a tendency to talk of it as if it
were due tp the stoppage of building oprations dur- .
ing wartime and the present dejarness of building
materials/But the terrible housing conditions endured by the great mass of the British people have
been known to all social students for at least a
quarter of a century. ,
A recent issue of the "Japanese Advertiser"
gives an account, token from what are said to be
official sources, of an advance by Great Britain
of considerable funds to the Government at Archangel, and the "conaequent establishment of Great
Britain's interest to tiw great forest loaouicos of
Northern Busste." The Archangel Government
has accumulated sto.ee August a debt of 70,000,-
000 rubles on domestic loans, s pert of whteh fell
due on February 15. Bonds issued against these
loans are being used as legal tender, making ft
almost impossible for the government to rate,
more money by domestic loans. Aeording to thc
"Japanese Advertiser," Great Britain fa counted
upon to supply the necessary funds, for which •
Isrge tracts of forest tend will be pledged at ae-
kbkm.^ ■ ■! -hi*- U. F—    —        Ifiifl lik    '      - ■ ■   *   - -      ■* ■    mm m m»«   n ■■  m mm * " -
eurrty, eatsntisning tfrfttsn interests permanently
to northern Busste."-New' York '"Nation."
At 8 p.m. Sharp
Corner Gore and Hastings
swj*^^swaw^p*i m*j   m •    smauaawaa   easmusa    ma*    awa»    mwaasur- snow
mmmmmmm -
A Journal of News and Vkws Devoted to the
Working Class.
i "    "
Published When Circumstances snd Finances Permit
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
Editor C. Stephenson
..MAY 31, 1919
The Winnipeg Strike
AT this writing the Winnipeg general strike
is still on and in view of the continued misrepresentations of the capitalist press and its attempts to obscure the real issues at stake, it k
necessary to restate them and so keep them clear
before the workers in other parts ef the country.
The strike was called on May 15th in aid of
the Metal Workers and Building Trades Unions.
Thc issue is that of the right of collective bargaining by means of central councils of allied
crafts. The principle in dispute means that members of a particular craft may submit ite grievances
to the central council and so make it the concern of
all the members of the rest of the allied crafts. The
adoption of thk principle constitutes a step forward in the direction ef recognition of collectivity of interest among wage workers and tiw
necessity of collectivity of action tor improving
their conditions of work fend wages. Since the
strike commenced another issue has been,injected,
into the dispute,.the right of public service employees, police, postal workers, etc., to strike in
behalf of themselves #r to sympathy with other
Workers. The Federal Government having come
out flatly and stated that those postal workers
who hsve not obeyed thc summons to come back
to work again are to consider themselves dis-
Up to date, the 28th, the strike has been eon-
ducted in an orderly manner, without any of those
"incidents" so dearly beloved of the press. An
examination of the books of the police stations at
tiw end of the first week showed Winnipeg had less
use for a police force than at any previous time
end that not one striker had been arrested Nevertheless thk has not been accomplished without
organized labor being subjected to .mueh provocation. Much abusive and threatening language
has been used from both the press and platform
by those opposing the strike. Terrifying despatches have been sent abroad, through the press, of
a Soviet Government being established, superseding the Mayor and Council for administering the.
affairs of the city, of babies dying for want of
and of general storvation snd right along
whole gamut of atrocities whteh tiw practised
and trained mind, of pram correspondents could
think of.    The East and South especially, have
Bplshevism has been charged, in short sll the old,
familiar methods have been usetL to dixit snd slfen^^strikera, w#;h»ve
been in vogue since the beginning of tiw Labor,
movement. There k nothing new under the sun,
at least the hired thugs of the vested interests
sre unable to invent snything new.
Editorial writers complain, when one days facte
contradict the lies of the day before, thst if the
Winnipeg papers hsd been allowed to be published thek news would hare prevented the circulation of scarifying rumors from "well known
journalists." Would it? Is there anything to
the "kept" press's dealings with working class
struggles which would pustify any sueh contention f. We trow not And suppose there were no
capitalist papers printed in Winnipeg, does that
justify the "kept" press in other districts, for
printing rumors, even though they ere from "well
known journalists," and issuing them as "news"
in solid column after column 1 Again, we trow
not. In effect the press k carrying on ite customary propaganda of lies in the service of those
whose tool it is. There would be fewer strikes
and better conditions of life for the workers if
the employers had not at their command a powerful instrument; in tiw pram for deceiving the
people at large, stirring up trouble, misrepresenting and intimidating the workers whenever the
latter asked for some alleviation of their miserable conditions • of existenee. Wc are forever
regaled with vague and grandiloquent articles, on
the sufferings Of the public, without ever having
defined for us what the tetter mysterious entity is.
As a matter of fact from the point of view of
the press, it is a stick to'best s dog or k k anyone whose ignorant prejudices and passion esn be
aroused against a body of striking workers*
And into the bargain along comes an emissary
from Ottawa, Senator Gideon Robertson, Minister
of Labor, and adds his quota to the denunciatory
chorus. What capital the press makes out of thk
ally, the Minister of Labor risen from the ranks
of labor; with what wide open, undiscriminatory
arms Us columns sre thrown open to him." According to him tiie 0. B. U. k the cause of the
strike, notwithstanding that the 0. B. U. k not
in existenee yet And even in the opinion of
some, the Winnipeg strike broke out at fen inopportune time for the progress of the 0. B. U. Probably Georges Clemence.u. Lloyd George, Sonino,
Orlando, and Woodrow Wilson ako bad something
to do with the strike, for they fere the signatories
to a document, called the Labor program, formulated at the Peaee Conference to Peris, to
which'collective bargaining k endorsed. And yet,
the Great Gideon and hte collaborators in Canadian statesmanship, repudiate it, at least at that
point where it is going to have any practical effect He k reported, with what truth, we do not
know, to have said that he believed in collective
bargaining, but that the collection in Winnipeg
wss too big. There te the knot in the tangled
skein. In collectivity there k strength. True, but
as to who te strong oftimes becomes a matternf
serious embarrasment to tite "Statesmen" of thc
ruling class.
,.. ,.
think of.    The Ksst ana acuta especially, neve   . rj-ij       «-,    '     j »»r    .
been flooded with "now." nf that sort.   So much J he rOStalWOfayetS
so thst some of tiw labor papers on tite other
aide of the line have been so childish end uncritical ae to come out wfth searc-heads stating
that the Canadian workers had started a revolution. In the west the press he* been mpre moderate, though not without the will, aa evidenced
by the veiled hint, of thing, of which ft had not
the courage to my outright The leopard can not'
change its spots, neither the capitalist press refrain from spitting ite venom,
to the attempt to weaken the purpose of the
workers in Winnipeg, individuate bare been
tangled out for abuse and threatening attack.
Deportation has been"taTked of, the anti-foreigner
ery has been raked, the returned soldiers hsve
Tieen appealed to.  loyalty has been  questioned,
The Canadian Government has announced its intention not to take back into Ms employment the
postal employees now remaining out on sympathetic
strike. Thk k a serious decision for tiw em*
ployees. Their job wan a steady one and entailed
no drifting around the country, consequently, a
larger proportion of them will have wives and
families then those following other occupations.
And now they sre faced with the problem of finding work; finding work toe terribly overstocked
lsbor market. Many of them will have to leave
thek families and become drifters. Drifting all
over tiw country seeking s precarious livelihood,
following seasonal occupations.
They came out on strike to assist workers to
other occupations to better the conditions of labor,
rjeue^pni, like unto »e scriptural injunction,
that tiw welfare of other members of their clam ,
was thek concern ako. There fore we trust that
the postal worker. wBl get thek jobs back again.
We trust that the Canadian working clam will see
to ft that the postal workers do get their jobs back.
The Canadian governing elam are no doubt
keen sharp business men. Some people, claiming
to be judges on matters ethical, say that they are
sharp to the point of indecency. It k said they
have taken greater advantage of the business possibilities, opened up by the war, for profiteering
and graft, than the bustoem men to any other
part of the world. The fortunes piled up, while
the agonising war tested, hsve been characterised
as scandalous. It k also charged against thk
businessman's government to Ottawa, that it has
been very generous in apportioning its war eon-
tracts. It k also charged with being suspiciously
lax in supervising expenditures and deliveries. Its
food control was said to (be a joke—for thc
food profiteers. Other people, of little consequence, though, hfed other names for it. So had
Investigator Connors, but he—he soon had the
damper put on him. The "kept" press said that
he was s busybody. It te mid thst for some
reason, the working class of Canada have
uot much use or respect for the character of the
government of Canada. So we think it probable
that the sharp business men of Canada snd their
government may have made a mistake when'they
told the decent men of the postal service thst
they could not hsve their jobs back,-because, we
think that the working class of Canada will see
to it thst they do get thek jobs back. Whatever
the result, their case may cause a lot of those
people who hsve been caught by the glamor of
nationalisation of industry under the capitalist
system, furiously to think.
^''^fSa^P-^^i-       ' ^iii^'^MiH
There can be no real peace which doe.* not include Busste, Stress was laid on thte obvious'
truth by Mr. Lloyd George in his speech on April
16. But why esn we not have peace with Bussiaf
The reason does not lie af the door of the Soviet
Government.' Ever stoee they came into power .
they have made strenuous efforts to secure it, for
they know that only by peace can- thc people of
Busste be saved from starvation and nun. It may
be worth While to remind our readers of the facte
in this connection.
On January 22 the Peace Conference at Parte
approved a proposal by President Wilson for summoning sll the Russian parties to negotiations on
the island of Prinkipo.
Thk proposal was rejected by the various anti-
Bolshevik governments. By the Soviet Government, although no invitation Was officially transmitted to them, and they learned of ite, existenee
only through tiw French Socialist Press, it wsa
accepted. Thek reply stated: "The Soviet Gov-
eminent k prepared to purchase an accord at
coat of great sacrifices,'' to spite of the
ingiy favorable situation both from . military .nd
internal point of view.  Thus:
1. It is prepared to recognize financial obligations to creditors belonging to the Entente Powers.
2. It is ready to guarantee the interest by hand-
tog over goods end raw materials.
3. It te disposed to grant mining, forestry and
other concessions to Entente subjects.
4. It ewes not refuse to exclude from the negotiation* tiie discussion of eventual annexations of
Bussian territory by the Entente Powers or of the
maintenance in regions formerly pert of Busste
(excluding Poland and Finland) "of armed forces
of tite Entente or maintained by the Entente or
enjoying ft. mflkaix technical, financial and otiwr
•'   **
»t WWiMW^^^^^^^^mm^^^^- : l!aWR*ww*3*M&m
■■■■<.   ■
international mon«y
ef a group atjt
control of industry \
limited power, able
end bring into
like .11
people it te used
that up to tite
•can       enraTT
he e cue for
r. are opt to concern
of .the industrial
" k that Of the gentle-
connivance of the Gov-
have hoppmrd dur-
things whieh heve meant
lae**C  T-WBoTa^smmm.Monsj   OX   fenna
placing into the bend.
bkta tho entire
create artificial
thte newer te one
sere as well as the
the feet remains
have wield-
wu eramtoc thc
^swia   ssan«s7^«« \.:aammi M
to ecu-todumrml Bfe,
preetoted by the majority
the relatively *
bullion  dealers
they nave become vital
system.    With  the   wc
credit they control for
crack-up.   If
banks play
not generally ap-
:...'--.a^.."      !»_«_«
workers. From
being merely
safe deposit,
tiw »spita*fkt
development   of
or ill the whole mech-
S ;.'■
- of production.  •     ^ , ■ '^.jtf
nothing wore than u
formed by the banks,
oe a  millioi
rower with that
payments today are*
cheques  being ex
tween the different
fers of cash.  '"Tbe
Clearing House st
the total dealt with
side of tin. there
transaction   k
operation per-
lend a thousand
.'crediting the bor-
beeha, Tiw lrajk ef
ef cheques;  the
by small trans-
of the London
1918 showed that
,000,000,000. Out-
with by the
In the April  17 Glasgow Socialist
money trust it can eliminate competition among
owners of capital, and by controlling finance artificially prolong, the life of thc system.
Whether tins is possible te very doubtful, but
there is undoubtedly an attempt in that direction.
The bankers are drawing together, and the financial .xpsrte ef capitalism are aiming thek efforts
in the direction of international control. At home
tbe direction towards trustification te seen plains
ly from the following list of amalgamations:
London City and Midland and London Joint
Stock I tanks, now /xmden City and Midland.
Lloyd's and Capital and Counties Beaks, now
Lloyd's Bank. '
London County and Westminster, Parr's, Nottingham snd Nottinghamshire Hanks, now London County .and Parr's.
Barclay's, London and South Western, London
snd Provincial, now Barclay'a
National Provincial Union of London and
Smith's. W. and J. Biggerstaff, Bradford and District JBnnk, now Notional Provincial Union.
Bank of Liverpool and Martin's Bank, now Bank
of Liverpool and Martin's,      - -
Union Bunk of Manchester and EasV Mbrley
and Bradford Bank, now Union Bank of Manchester. ■■'*/■
Them amalgamation, arc but foreshadowings
of still eloser unions. Actually there sre only two
bag interest* to the banking world outside of the
Bank of England. . These are Lloyds and the London City and Midland. These two concents have
swept the rest up into thek maw.    Lloyds have
Bank, whilst the London.City and Midland control the Ulster Bank and the Belfast Banking
Company. ,
"Abroad tiw same policy is in full swing* Lloyds
.      f:
' ■ . ; ■
■ ■
have acquired controls of bank, to South America,
and through thek sukddiary Lloyds Bunk
(FranceJ and National Provincial Bank (France)
are opening offices in Belgium.
Barclay's Bank, by their amalgamation with the
Loudon Provincial have obtained an interest in
Cox and Co. (France), end they have concluded
intimate working arrangements with a number ot
foreign snd colonial banks, the British Bank of
South America, Ltd, tiw Benca Italtena di Seern*
to, the Irving National Bank, of New York and
others. The London City and Midland and the
London County Westminster and Purr*, each combine an Irish bank, while the latter possesses a
French subadtery fend branches to Spate, William
Deacon's Bank have .entered into e working arrangement with Anglo-South American Bank and
the London and Brazilian Bank, while rksruag
banks are interested in the British Italian Corporation and the British Trade Corporation.
And so tile process of amalgamation goes on-
All this is going on at the surface and must be
only a faint clue to the real trustification that te
going on secretly to the conclaves of tiw world's
financier*. . #•'.'"
At rpKscnt the money lords held the reins of
power. Meanwhile the storm clouds are sunstag
on the capitalist horizon. The very foundation,
of property owning society are rocking. $*;
The choice is clear to all who can observe, It
is the Social Revolution or the establishment of a
world-wide oligarchical tyranny whteh will pale
the -fiction of Jack London.       ♦.
Marx spoke truly when be mud that capitalism
contained the seeds of its own destruction. Competitive end even trustified capitalism te no longer
possible, but we cannot aide tiw fact that the
shadow of the Iron Heel of Oligarehism overhang
us today. *\
On with our Social Revolutionary propaganda!
With su'ch\a menace we cannot afford to be fatalists.   Socialism or slavery te the ehoice.
been living in a fools'
Been before tbe warmth.
W«; take   the   following   illuminating
to the "Labor Leader," as illustrat-
damnable methods of Imperialistic Capitalism and the havoc it k wreaking on its helpless vktims, tiw prostrate peoples of backward
countries. When will the white proletariat put fe
stop to the infamy f .■**•■
The letter* reports on the rising of the masses
in Egypt as a protest against the desperate condition they have been reduced to by foreign capitalist exploitation.
"A British officer who abused the Egyptian
dag (under whkh he serves) and shot the bearer
dead, waa spared by the crowd, as they were determined not to be put out by any provocation.,
Considering tiw intensity of the provocation,
and the dimensions of Ihe rising, the very small
list of British casualties (mostly military), com-
pered to the appalling number of Egyptian victims-snd thc extensive destruction of them property, shows the undoubted tolerance of the people
end the peaceful nature of their movement. Tour,
etc, M. A. OMAR, For the Egyptian Aasoektten,
Imperial Hotel, Russell Square, W. C.   .
call upon the proletariat in the occupied parts of
Hungary to seize all the weapons at thek command
against the organisation of counter-revolutioiiK end
nuke them impossible through sabotage. We call
every proletarian to arms to defend the soviet, rule
against the" onslaughts of capitalism."
The counter-revolutionary plot at Deraesark, to
the Vcsseprem country, which broke out May 5,
has been suppressed, and three leaders were
hanged. Four leaders to a counter-revolutionary
plpt discovered to Satoralya Ujehly (130 miles
northeast of Budapest and in the rear of the Czech
armies)" were sentenced to twenty years in prison.
The commjsssry of war reports an encounter between a Hungarian and British gunboat on the
Danube, in which the later Was said to have been
worsted   ;.   :>  '•
ment  af ' *fc financial
BUDAPEST, MAT M.-Tbet Hungarian Soviet
Government hm tamed . call to the proletariat in
occupied parts of the country to employ every
means to "their power to prevent eouuter-revoiu-
"International capitalism end Hungarian «e>
aettenaries are fighting us to break down the proletariat dktatombip,'' the manifesto sold. "The
' autiaovkt government at Sefegedto, 100 mflee
southeast of Budapest te trying to rate, a White
Guard.   Thus tiw armed class war continues.   We
Bob Smillte has demanded that
mine-owning peers in Greet Britain, submit tiwir
title deed, to tbe property, for scrutiny. The income of the M.rquk of Bute hss been estimated
at over £200,060 a year. He is tiw owner of 117.-
000 acres, including rich coal mines to South
Wake. He k ateo chairman of tiw Cardiff Railway Company and dkector of tiw Bhymuey Railway Company The late mnrunte left over fn>
000,009, end mueh of hte wealth eome from tiw
Bute docks at Cardiff.
Lord Durham own. .bout 30,600 acres end be
said at the coal commission enquiry that B would
take e railway van to carry hte title deeds. "Kertr
The Manifesto of the
Prke-gfiOO per 100
Party ef
Stogie Copies 10c . . .;
''        "*■*      ..
as i
7.; ■
a series of articles based
"Another result of control by the
ttsttrf with the pesaiatU' ownership
lias been the 'back to the land' m<
Vograd snd^sfoseow na%a materially
pepaitetioD, chiefly aa u result of
go out and take up land, agitation
aauaeTctrograd Snd Moscow were the two places
where it was hardest, .to get food on account of
thc  crippled  railroads    But even to those cities
during tbe wont of the railroad demoralisation, it
cost no more to live than in San Francisco.    In
Moscow I got dinners of soup, meat vegetables**
coffee, and sometime, dessert for from five to ton
that k fifty cents to a dollsr—and,   of
conditions have mueh improved since then.
Through the darkest daya, from thc time the Bolsheviki got control, I am sure there was not one
hungry person in Moscow. r    .'
"They bad begun te organize tiw distribution
af food to a moat fair and thorough manner from
the time I arrived to Bussia, when the great
army of twelve million wee still demobolking itself. Even while happy groups of soldiers with
their gas masks and ton kettles hung on thek
hecks were trooping home, I saw armed guards
handing out leaflets that announced a moratorium
em bouse rents 'Rentals under one hundred end
fifty rubles a month are not payable for three
months.' the leaflets slid, 'Rentals above thk
amount are payable aa usual.' Thk and the rationing of food was a godsend to the poorer people. Of course, thk wm in the early days of Bolsheviki rate. Later it could not be said that the
workine people were poor people. Thek wages
were more than adequate—that is, thejr could Bye
well and mure. too. When thc White Guard overthrew the Bolsheviki in Siberia and re-established
capitalism there, the guard complained during the
first few weeks that they could not force woriring-
men to work because they had too much money
saved up.  -■'   '
"Whenever there wen * shortage of anything,
bread, whatever H was, the Bolshevik gov-
monopolked it end rationed it out. ksu-
feed cards to make- sure that no one could
boy more than his shore. Sugar wee scarce all
Europe. The Soviets set the price at fifteen
a pound and allowed each person a monthly
allowance of from a half pound to a pound, depending on. the locality. At first for a short time
there wss s little sugar for sale to isolated markets and tite rich people were buying it at the*
rate ef' gLSB n pound,
R. Humphries, American
along with us to help us get settled in thc next
city. He accompanied us and helped us for ten
days, and whan I offered him reimbu rsement for
his work snd time, he refused it. Afterward, when
the White Guard had overthrown the Bolsheviki
at Omsk. I saw bun under quite different circumstances, a pitiable figure being taken to prison to
be hanged, snd I was glad to be able to effect hk
release by telling hte captor, -how he had aided
the American Iced -Cibbss.      #p »•/--<*■
Another proof of the remarkable efficiency of
the Soviets was the tremendous campaign of propaganda carried ott Up to the German revolution.
Boris Rheinstein. the Socialist Labor Party delegate from America to the proposed Stockholm
conference, wss snd still k the head of tiie Eng-'
lish-sneaking department of Foreign 'Propaganda.
Petroff. one of the two men released from English
jaik on the demand of the Soviet Government
which ruled that no English merchant could go
into or ont of Russia until they were freed, is the"
. right-hsnd man of "the chkf of all tbe propaganda. Two dallies in German with fe half-million
circulation were printed and shipped to the German front, somfe bv airplane, some by hand.
through Russians who had become acquainted
with Germans during the fraternization period. An
illustrated paper for the benefit of the uneducated
Germans was also got out. One of these showed
the photograph I am showing vott here of the
German Embassy- building, with sn inscription
something Hke thk beneath it: 'See the building
of the German Embsssv, with a banner'above it
bearing the words of a greet German, te it Bismarck ♦ No. Ts it the Kaiser? No. It is the immortal Karl Marx, and hk words, are 'Workers of
the World. TJnfte!' We now throw back to you
the words of vonr great countryman and ask yon
to unite. We Russians have token, the words
seriously and all grower k now in thc hands of the
Workers. How long will it be, before a German
Socialist will come as Germany's ambassador?'
Besides these, pamphlets were got out in English.
French. Swedish, Turkish and Chinese. I came
Bi close contact with these propaganda workers
"I had a capital opportunity to see the efficient   ^bile I was working for the American Y. M. C. A..
one 11
rated peoplj
"Here aln He oUJW 'dijjk and
Russton jwonkra thoijjjicw wm of
" 11 |il ifa ssUsmnniil lentiiiliij^iiliili
dozen, stolid-faced earnest workingmen.   "Thk te
"a village soviet holding a meeting to discuss the'
ways and means of forming a
Notice the calculating frame on tiw
k used to help them to adding snd
"Thk is one of the ten thousand
Soviets have opened," he said.
of a srhealnW who row. of
one side, three fenchers, all eager
"The Bolsheviki have, as you have heard,
msny of their munition factories tote
the manufacture of agricultural Wgejbiuao, test not
all of them. They knew that they must .id tiw
first nation that had a revolution, so they kept a
necessary number of the munition plants going."
•     THE END.
'in 'irn,
A few weeks ago in Milan, the _
.centre in Italy, at a meeting of thousands of workers organised to protest against the holding of
political prisoners and to demand the evacuation of
Italian troops from Russia, a Soeialkt representative defined the situation sharply and clearly,
amidst   thunders   of  applause  from  tiw   crowds:
"The Italian bourgeoisie is bankrupt. The state
which represents it is bankrupt. It matters not
that bankruptcy has not been declared. It cxkts
every public sen-ice and the state k dkorganked.
Unemployment is growing. There te nothing to
meet and face the needs of the people. Tiw state
and thc bourgeoisie fear the situation. (Yoke: It
is true. We need tovojutton.") "Even if Italy
has won a military victory by sacrifieing a half-
million of its workers, it has been defeat
nomically. Our problem now k to feed the
and the bourgeoisie cannot feed them. Only if
the revolution in Russia, in Germany, in Austria
succeeds will it be possible to obtain food from the
East"--New York Dial," May 3.
A correspondent in the New York "Nation,"
says that, "there are two names written to profusion or the walls of Rome.—W. Wilson end N.
working of Soviet food control, for to taking
twelve hundred Serbian refugees across Siberia,
tiw American Bed Cross, I entered Into rela-
wkh more than one hundred soviet, over
of territory. These were
bad fled to Boum.nl., then to South
then to Siberia to Buaste. Raymond
Robbins got *n appropriation of u quarter of a
dollars with wMob to take them out end
until- these, should be n chance to
take them back to Serbia, and was loaned to the
awl Cros. to take care of tbe job.
"I found how reedy tiw Soviets esctynhore
to help tiw refagees. They sold food at tiw
rate es H wm mid to the Busman people,
that  might total wt  yen, particularly  aa/
retie w
than half what would  be
to thte country,   skitter wm from two to
Tables a pound, that k rwentv to ferry cents.
two to  two-and-a-half cento apiece:
a pound, and at one ©lace we
get whole roasted chickens fur thirty to sixty cents
"We were as generously treated to otheVre-
snacts. At Omsk we asked for » nwnaatery for
tike Iwuatog of the refugees, and would have re-
entoed k except that it was already full of other
Tafuceea. aa waa tiw whole any.   But the Omsk
of the city, .doctor,
getting out and distributing copies of President
Wilson's Fourteen Point speech. The Russians
liked that speech and agreed with most of its
fourteen points, but they were a little skeptical
ss to whether the Allies would stand by it.
"I got up to Petrograd in time to spend six interesting weeks seeing big things happen there,
wBh John Reed. Louire Bryant mid Albert Rhys
Williams. I was at the meeting of the Central
Executive Committee when it was decided to let
the Constituent Assembly meet for one day as a
demonstration of clsss line-up. And I saw the
Assembly dissolved early one morning by a sailor
who did it by simply telling them that the Bed
Guard was tired and wanted to go home.
I saw one whole Sunday of bourgeois protest
meetings to Moscow. These were carried on in a
very sensible way. Two hundred or more groups
of two or three bouvgeok men and women formed
about tbe city, each group engaging a few sol-
dters to sn argument. There, was no disorder, the
Busskns ere so smsxingly reasonable. But they
didn't convince the roldiers that they had done
anything wrong to taking the jjwwer from tire
'natural rulers,' as they put ft. "Why don't you
trust tiw educated peoples to teed you, instead of
putting, filth in thk Lenine, thk man in the service of tiw Germam government?* some bourgeok
men asked one soldier.   * We are dark and !g-
India after having been devested by-influenza,
a most serious famine. These are facto that ought
with appalling lorn of life, k now to the- grip ef
not to be forgotten in reading the account, of the
disturbances, amounting to "grave diorder,"
which have broken out to various pert, af the
country. On top of thk misery tiw heavy bend
of D. T>. R. A. has laid with mnrclsxed weight
since the armistice.
The present disturbances oeeured principally in
the Punjab 'Troops were called to to restore order
and there were casualties on both side*      o
As showing the extent of tiw revolt .gates*
British rule, the Punjab k the home of the Sikk
These people have always been meat "toyal" to
the the British Regime They practically conquered. Indte back for the British fefter .tiw mutiny ofl'57, end since then have policed the Beat
Indies efcr" them.
The Executive Government hss eslled up the
whole of Ha reserve..' military snd other, end k
applying all the spectel powers of war-time, wfth
some others revived from tiw day. of tiw Beat
India Company, and several weD-known Punjabi
political leaders have been departed or interned,
and it may be taken for granted tiwt to all intents and purpose, the Punjab k under martial law. t
'   ."'
^4 Journal of News and Views Devoted io (he Interests of the Working Class
VOLu 1   NO. 19
tate Capitalism or
IN a recent issue of • Seattle paper appears a report of a lecture delivered by Wilfred Humphriea,
a Bed Crom worker but lately returned from
Busste. In thk'report Humphries k credited with
the assertion that "State Socialism" is now in
operation in Bolshevik Busste and that the Bolsheviki admit thst the "period of transition" must
necessarily take that form. Thk statement, k I
find, viewed wfth something very like coaster-
nation by certain i "Revolutionary" Socialists.
Some are inclined to deny the correctness of the
statement and to insist Humphries misunderstood
his informant. Others, while accepting the statement at ite face value, take the stand thst the
Bolsheviki have, by adopting such a stand, "betrayed.the revolution." Meanwhile. Socialists, of
tite ''Menshevik" type are, of course, highly
elated at what they are pleased to interpret ss a
tack admission that the transitory period must
inevitably be patterned on their particular
understanding  does  undoubtedly  exist  at  least
tqrship of the Proletariat would be the elimination
of the exploiting class and consequently of the
exploited clam, thus ultimately banishing all economic clam distinctions.    The foregoing points be-
where remarked on the fact that enormous numbers of men otherwise qualified to vote are virtually disf rajiehisedi by tite fact that the nature ef
thek occupation prevent, thek staying long
enough in on. place to fulfil thc memory quali-
fication of residence, whereas to Busste no such
qualification exists? Docs not Mr. Spargo know-
that in the United ' State, there are millions of
ing clearly understood it i will be obvious thst the   young men snd women, ef eighteen and twenty-
statement attributed to Mr. Humphries snd referred to above, while probably correct to substance, affords no excuse for premature elation on
the port of Menshevik or Bourgeois socialists nor
for consternation on the part of Revolutionists.
While on the subject of the Proletarian Dictatorship it might not be out of place to dispose,
once and for all, of an .injection lately urged
against tost institution as now functioning in
Russia by one •John Spargo, erst while socislist. It
Mr. Spargo object* to the Bolsheviki
arc not what he terms."Democratic."
It has been said that    "by their fruits ye shalj
knew Uitiu.' i|einBera<;. ^judged
by'fts fruits it might be as well to let Mr. Spar-
go's objection stand. If such conditions as now
among thorn who have not a thorough grasp of exfcttet:practically all countries, now that the
the principles involved. Wherefore. I take ft, a world has by a particularly gruesome process been
little light on the subject wfll hot be amiss at this   successfully made safe for democracy, are to be
The misconception undoubtedly .rises from
careless but very prevalent habit of
terms "State Soctelkm"
as synonymous.   I have h
eisliata use the term "State Soctelkm" when fen
analysis of tite particular economic condition  to
whieh they bed reference 'showed undoubtedly
that  tiiey  meant "State Capitalism"    On  the
other bend, I have known "Evolutionary" Socialists to denounce ss reactionary any reference
to "State Socialism" ss a probable treinationery
state when ft wss obvious that what they bed fa
mind was "State Capitalism."
We know, of course, that thc State, as at present constituted in sll raprtalkt countries, k merely
the Inatrument of the nation.! rapftsBst class
This k so in PACT but not to any degree in
POBM. The FORMAL assumption, then, ay the
State as at present constituted, of sB eeonomk
Mr. Spargo'. meaning of
the word, then might one will say "Away with
your Democracy.   We want none of it."
I imagine, however, that the . democracy. Mr.
Spargo has in mind is that purely theoretical democracy which has nowhere any actual existence
and may be defined by a slight alteration of a well
worn formula, thus: "Government of all the
people, by all the people, for all the people." If
this be Mr. Spargo*s conception of the meaning
the word then may I be permitted to point out
him that there is not one single argument
can be urged on ite behalf against the politic
system now in vogue, to Bolshevik Busste that cannot ate. be urged with greater justice against thc
very system in vogue in that "tend of the free and
home of the brave" wherein Mr. Spargo resides;
the rutera of whkh hsve same time since taken
Mr. Spargo to their cefleetivc bosom.
one year, of age who are performing useful work
in mines, factories, and industrial plants but are
denied the franchise until they are t wenty-one,
whereas in Russia workers of eighteen years and
up have a vote, and.that the st at ment. made above
regarding the franchise to thc United State, are,
in the main, applicable to all other countries except Russia!        ...
Cndouhtedly Mr. Spargo knows all these
but for reasons perhaps best known-to himself, ha
chooses at thte time to ignore them. Let the facte
speak for themselves. Mr. Spargo, by hk erftsV
ckra, has invited a comparison between the degree
-aI democracy existing in Russia under the
snd that existing in the so-calkd
"Democratic** countries under capitalism. We
who endorse the Bolsheviki programme do not
fear to meet the issue. '--'IPBH
Bussjfe today stands forth as being formally snd
actually more nearly democratic than any capitalist country on the surface of the earth, and
potentially mure democratic then any country can
^"^"^C     , ■ .„"'•, Jm*M      •*—-
■   '  -   .■,;.: ••>...-#■%* ',-:.•-.  \ :     ■   C. K.
[Thk .rtkte wa» sent to as without any indication* as to the identity of the author. Wfll our
niuir.de kindly oblige us again?
■      I
M •
In tiw "
of May 6. Jean
fast returned  from   Amsterdam,
conversation Whteh he had there with Hugo
the lender or the German Independent
Haase declared that there bed been in Germany
a superb movement to tiw Left, toWaide a gen-
uine rcvetotienSry Seemwaa," as proved by tan
*ty/&£***** tto***. ^ f* •"***** '■* •*•   I** election, for Workmen's Ceaswfis.   fa
suthority would be "State Capftalkm" and neth-   fact th.} to Busste under tiw Bolsheviki the Bour-   out of 88 mete, It ward new held fee/ the
tog .tee.   Thk k certainly the immediate "Men-
sherik" program..
..On tiw other bend tbe formal end actual as
sumption of all eeonomk authority by a State
trolled by thc proletariat would be "State Soctelkm" or. in other words, fe "Dictatorship of
the Proletariat" whteh sua one and the same
thing. Viewed thus ft may be dearly
there k an essential eaaaiunce to POBM
"State Soctelkm" snd "State Capitalism."
k also sn essential and vital difference to FUNCTION whteh ft. would he well to note.
The formel .Capitalist State would extet, « dees
now- the actual CapftaUkState, for the purpose
of perpetuating a
and privileged class and consequently a large exploited elsas. On the other hand the aha. and
literally the end, of tiw Socialist State or Dteta-
geotete are denied the franchise. Thte te indeed a
terrible business. We can imagine Mr. Spargo'a
uplifted hands. We ran visualise the whites of
Mr. Spargo*» unrolled eyes. Aim! that these
thtng. riranld be.
Bet why thk sudden consideration for the Bus-
i Beuigeckk? Charity, ft has been said, fend
so, should begin el home. Doe. not Mr.
know that to the United States, that model
democracy, millions of women sre dented the franchise while in Russia they are admitted on equality, with ment fa he not aware of tiw fact that
kLtbe United States no man- who te not * citteen
can vote no matter how useful a member of society
Ik; white to Bosate any permii* resident
vote providing only that he or she te
perf ormmg tare tnet u in emu. w.y or ether useful to ssetety f  Has not Mr. Spurge himself
he may
pendente, 4 by the 8partaemte, only 7 by m*arierity
Soctelkm. .nd 1 BouTgeote
hud now 250,000 member.; Be
in cirealstion despite tite paper mirtega   At the
reeent Congrem of Cbonerte they haa1 carried the
msjority on many
The Sehkdenwnn-I
Haaae, wa* absolutely dmeredited; the amy
eleer for * real flosteltet fteni imuul. The Sper-
tactete Were really e tiny body: seen
thek had shown was cartirefy due to tne
n«ble pereeeutieu end repreesten (worse than anything under the old regime) to which they had
been subjeefed by tiw
fa Busste be tteraght that the Soviet
ment was nan7 thwie.gbly ataJaUalt.   Over tiie
war now being waged  sgstest tiw
Soviet Bipshlta be


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