BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Red Flag Sep 27, 1919

Item Metadata


JSON: redflag-1.0212501.json
JSON-LD: redflag-1.0212501-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): redflag-1.0212501-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: redflag-1.0212501-rdf.json
Turtle: redflag-1.0212501-turtle.txt
N-Triples: redflag-1.0212501-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: redflag-1.0212501-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array mWM'''
B-valUes," rays Marx, "become, a reality
only by use or consumption." That is
Meay, the utility of an object depends on its
power to satisfy some human want and that there
is thus established an actual relationship between
these external objects and human beings. There
fa the useful thing and the individual who uses it.
We may therefore consider use-values from two
points of view. First, the objective, which refers
to the properties and qualities, chemical and physical, of the object, its form and its position fa
space and time. Secondly, the subjective, which
concerns the wants and desires of man and the
satisfaction he experiences in the use of the object. It may be well to note hen tfaat it fa the
first point of view which will be emphasized,
where it fa a question of production. In capitalist
society the manufacturer is not concerned about
tfae. individual satisfaction or desires Of people;
fae is producing for profit, not use. True enough,
the things he produces must have some use, real
or imaginary, so tfaat people will buy them; but
this is a secondary consideration so far as he is
concerned. On the other hand, the- subjective
point of view naturally connects itself with the
idea of consumption. Tor this reason many bourgeois economists begin their study of economics
by a consideration of the facts of consumption
rather than production, believing, as many of them
apparently do, timt tfafa particular point of de-
parture is ef advantage to them fa tfaeir role of
apologists for capitalism. As a matter of convenience. I *hsll nse the term '* utility" to signify
"use-values," subjectively considered.
Necessities and wants, every individual has.
These want* are back of hfa desires, bfa efforts
and fafa satisfactions. It may be said timt tite went
gives rise to the desire; the desire leads to the effort, and satisfaction follows the successful effort
to appropriate the material things of nature. It
fa usual at this point to enumerate the various
characteristics of these wants.
(1) They are unlimited in number and, considered as a whole, are never satisfied. This fa
increasingly true as man progresses fa knowledge
and culture. Civilization may be said to consist
of just thfa multiplication of wants and the development of the means of satisfying them.
(2) Wants are limited fa eapaetty. That fa to
say that, at any given time, only a given quantity
of any one object fa enough to satisfy any particular, want. Further, the want becomes less intense in proportion as it approaches the point of
satiety. Upon thfa particular characteristic is
founded the law of 'diminishing utility." This
law I shall take up presently.
(3) Wants compete witfa one another, that fa to
aay that a man has a certain choice among those
things he desires and may distribute hfa efforts
fa aucfa a way aa to obtain the greatest possible
satisfaction commensurate with the effort expended. Upon this characteristic fa founded the
"lew ef sfafaattteMon" whkh ia somewhat important fa that it acts aa a limit on monopoly
prices. In rase tfaese prices become oppressive one
utiltty may be substituted for another, as, for instance, coal-oil for electricity.
(4) Wants are oonfleureatiry, that fa, tfaey
necessitete others and lead to the development of
still others. For example, toe automobile has
brought about tbe introduction of a number of
subsidiary utilities and industries for supplying
(9) "wants tend to become toduteel. Eton when
more or less artificial they become fixed and paw
into habits, to this way we may account for the
growth and stability of thc standard of Hving
which is so important a factor fa the determination of wages.
Desirable things, things whteh satisfy wants are
called "utilities." 1 shall here emote from Prof.
Stanley Jevons.
For the Defence
"Utility, though a quality Of things, fa no inherent quality. We can never, therefore, say .
solutely timt some objects have utility and others
have not.   The ore lying in the mine, the diamond
y      *"*»    Wl~G    "Cj'*C    Ul    tUC   oCAIulvri     UlC     nUClll    lJrlUg
unreaped, the fruit ungathered for went of consumers, have no utility at all. The most wholesome and necessary kinds of food are useless tan-
less tfaere are,hands to collect and ntoutim'to eat
them sooner or later.'* /
Now then, as the utility of the object depends
upon tfae went, R follows that it must vary according to tfae intensity of the desire occasioned
by that want
Thfa fa where Jcvotts brings fa fafa famous water
illustration whteh, aa I have not hfa book fay me,
1 shall give in the words of Prof. Charles Gidc of
••Let us suppose, for example, tfaat tite quantity
of water that I have at my disposal daily fa distributed into a number of buckets. The first
bucket fa to serve for quenching my thirst; it wfll
have a maximum utility, 11m second fa to serve
for cooking purposes; its utility will be less, but
still great. Thc third I shall use for washing my-
self; its utility will be len still. Tfae fourth fa to
be given my horse to drink, tbe fifth fa to water
toy dahlias, the sixth to wash my kitchen floor,
and tim seventh is of no use to me at all. I shall
not even trouble to draw it from the well. And
if some evil genius were to amuse himself by
bringing me a tenth, twentieth or hundredth bucket, till I was nearly deluged, not only would
these last not be useful, but they would be a positive nuissnee. These buckets, therefore, offer a
complete gamut • of diminishing utility, front in-
finity to rero and:even.below. Now then, no one
.of these buckets M water can faave a higher value
(use-value) 'than fa measured by the utility of tfae
last one which it wss worth while to draw, so long
as they are freely obtainable. . . Let us now,
therefore, put Out of our minds all idea of the
order of the buckets, as the numbering of them
was resorted to only to help out our proof, and fa
no longer of any use. For it fa evident now thst
All the buckets, sre identical and interchangeable,
and that consequently they have all the same
value, (use-value f) This value is precisely that
which corresponds to the last want satisfied ar
frustretod:'' X/-
Each unit, in this. ^%*^-*rr*-at T^;"**fauitt"jf
thc product or commodity consumed is called an
increment of supply. The utility of the Erst unit,
which in tfafa'ease fa absolute is called the initial
utility. The potential utility of an increment not
actually possessed or consumed fa called the marginal utility. It will be noted, however, that fa
the example, we have assumed that the consumption of water fa carried to a point beyond whiefa
further consumption would give no satisfaction,
and therefore the marginal utility in title case fa 0.
But if wc had assumed that the consumption had
stopped at bucket 3 or 4, as the rate maybe, then
the marginal utility dfLthe consumption would be
represented by tfae utirrty of that particular unit.
Pinal or marginal utility must be carefully distinguished from total etility. The latter constats
in the sum of the utnniea. added together, of all
the buckets of Water, and.fa, therefore, alwaya,
much greater than the utility of tite last alone.
Tfafa fa why the total fEEty of water fa immonee,
although tfae utility
may be very smell
the proceeding by
utility in the words
sin.   "At any
any commodity to
increase fa the
Next week I si
nection between
exchange value.
single.bucket of water
wind tip thfa pert of
the law of diminishing
B, T. "Ely of Wfaeon-
the marginal utility of
decreases with every
rpilRKEof the meu, Pritehard, Johns snd Sol-
X dier Bray, charged with seditious «mapiracjr
by the Canadian Government ere at present in
British Columbia, and wfll address meetinas at
v.rioo, tmmrn i„'order to pat ,bar JTta.
the people, in fairness to these men .and tfae rest
of their comrades, all who can sfaould attend their
meetings, because their case hss been most vilely
inioa vi#i vovi»if*fai4    SBTjy      waa\r    \^tssa*aTs^wansaa?  . nt^^'mew    •sbbsW   Mr**^*J   •"•■■■o
an organized.campaign, fostered by capitalist interests, to prejudice the people sgsinst them. Tfae
movement to convict these worken fa but a part
of a larger, more ambitious program to reduce the
working class movement in Canada to impotence;
to' shear ite strength and virility at e time when.
strength and virility were never more needed.
TfaO present day British law has been buflt up
gradually  on  hundreds  of years  of  experience.
During this time,  purely  bourgeois parliaments,
jealous for tfae safety of all the prerogatives of
their claas, have labored to add measure upon
measure and amendments   to   measures   to the
statute books.   The greatest legal minds for centuries have been exercised in elimfaeting weaknesses and frtalr%Ml*g tho strength of the legal
structure by building precedent- upon precedent*
In  addition  to  all thfa  accumulated  composite
structure of thou shalt* and thou shalt note, tfae
bourgeoisie government fa Ottawa neve at their
command all the eqersive power of tim centralfaed
capitalist state.  This power they hare used, overstepping even tfaeir legal  powers  ruthlessly, fa
their anxiety to procure evidences to secure conviction.   Arrests without legal warrant*, searches
of premises without warrants, the seizure of literature, account books and correspondence without
request or acknowledgement, the secret examination of the mails, tim intrusion of stool pigeons fato the confidence of those fa the working class
movement for the purpose of reporting every scrap
of private conversation or of public address which
might be construed agafaat them, with all these
advantages and more fa the hands of the prosecution, yet the rase agafaat these men is so
that  the  interest* seeking their conviction
trample under foot every last canon of fate deal*
Ing that associated men must observe to preserve
that status of existence.   Tfae almighty power of
tim press fa invoked and even tbe fanning district
from which the jurymen must be drawn is flooded
with annonymous leaflets, villifying tfae men and
the ideals for which they stand.   How then ahttil
these men escape tim toils woven around themf
The only way fa for the people to move fa their
behalf.   But to reach the people, to correct their
misconceptions!    The  Socfalfat and   labor  pram
reaches but a fraction of the people.   And yet
withal fa spite of obstacles, we can not desert
these workers fa the working elan cause.   To do
thst would be an assault on the fundamental principle of elan solidarity.   Let us look back over
the pages of history for our guide.   Wfao are those
whom we moat delight to honor!   Is it not those
who fought bravely even sgsinst great odds: tfaese
who attacked thrir problems with energy aad
courage t   for those wfao Ware laggard or Wat
down fa the fight, tfaey here our contempt~\m&
cohdemnation.    Be assured these snilfaiiinlil regards .are sound and true, because tfaey are nmn'a
a^mav w m^^*mmmvaM»   a*aeTr*n*fa^HP   u»w    uen^W   ^raseweteoe*""sTaAep   VA   nwrnrnw  m**^*^
long successful struggle for Csfatouoe. Support
these men by. spreading the truth about all, toe
ftrinmittnoos mm*t*nt*4f*lt their ease.    Suaeort
"WW *r "■i^a^^^^WW^^fj^^-  i      mWrnWrn*^ WW ^^*«|^a«^ W4IOS Wli^^MI WmWWr*_WWL*-m*m\--*-
them fa every way poaaiblc.
Send all money and make all cheques payable to
A. S. Wells, B. C. Federationfat, liabor Temple. Vancouver, B. Ot »,^ -.
Collection agency for Alberta: A. Broatefa, EMS
Eighth avenue east, Calgary. Aha.
rrtral Collection Agency;   J. Law- Seorctary,
Defence Fund, Roc
Lawyers for thc defence fa Vancouver, Bird, llae-
donsld i Eerie.
i.) t*m
Leacock in the fourth installment of
papers on the social problem continues fafa
lysis of the capitalist method of production.,
argues on the theme thst the capitalist system as st present organised does not furnish a
basis of justice between man and man. He shows
that for from each man getting what fee produces,
fae gets instead "what he can extort or exact
under the rules of the game.*' The'racc fato the
economically swift and strong. He abundantly
shows that this is not due to the wickedness of
men, but fa due to the basis upon which the present social organization of production and exchange
fa raised, i.e., production for sale. He explains
l|at all men live by selling something, the capitalfat fafa commodities, the wage worker hfa labor
-power. fa former srticles lie haa denied the exfa-
tenee of V- effective lew of value governing the
production and exchange of commodities and faaa
•ubatituted for it, bargaining power baaed on eco-
sasmie strength. Instead of each man getting what
he was worth ss a contributor to tfae productive
process as the bourgeofa clsssical economists sold
he would get under the regime of "natural liberty" and free competition, he on the contrary
gets what he ean. The result fa a perpetual fater-
aerine conflict of interests between all tfae indi-
vidusls snd again between all the various groups
fa society, and this obtains whetfaer under absolute free competition or whether under monopoly
control of economic elements, ss of means of production by tmmte or, on tim otter hand, of labor
power by labor organisations. Wc may point ont
again that the law of value which fae says fa fa-
effective, fa tfae defective or undeveloped one of
tfae claameal econoinfats, tite fundanmntal possi-
TbSities of wfaiefa, fa the hands of,Marx, he teems
to fae unaware of.. Unconsciously, though, he, in
fafa argument, acknowledges the law;, for aa a result of the higgling on the market, he rays, "One
party, in the transaction, arrives at a point where
a limR ia reached of what the other party to the
bargain can exact.*' This stotement, on examination, can only mean tfaat over a period of time,
allowing for tfae fluctuations of prices, that, on the
whole, tfae parties to tfae bargafa mifat get value
for value or they must cease produetion. "WJjat
actually happens fa, that fa those spheres of production where profits fall, capital begins to withdrew out of them to be reinvested where profita
am higher. Tfae resultant withdrawsl of capital
causes a reduction of supply snd consequently en
faerease of price and so higher profits. In the
case wfcere profits ere already high the influx of
new capital increases supply and reduces prices
and profits. Thus the wfaole of tie reaction in
tide process tends toward an equilibrium of prices
approximating value, or to sn equality of exchange
fa values faaeed upon tfae socially necessary labor
tfam involved fa the produetion   of   the   eom-
Lescock states, the
spectacles of. the'Socisl reformer.-*. All of which,
we may say, is begging tha question with a vengeance. No doubt tfae professor
tions of^en analogy and that it
tire of an argument and does not in itself take nf*
sue witfa tim points fa
itbt does ray al
faieh by tfae way He
When as Professor
of a new order fa the
question to be considered fa conjunction witfa the
alternative possibility of patching the present system up? Does he presume to think, or is he just
peddling vulgar anti-Socialist propaganda and fae
wishes other people to think so, that Socialists
urge the abolition of the present system without
having first considered the possibility of reforming RT If he docs so, it fa a baseless assumption
and he knows it. Take away tite contribution of
the Socialist* during the last hundred years, both
of the modern scientific school and the earlier
Utopian school, sd-called, from our present body
Of critical thought, and you have nothing left but
a few sycophant shreds and patches of apologetic* for human slavery. He knows that, and so
do the scores of professors and teachers of economics who have, in the last year or two, ben fired
from tfae universities and colleges of the United
States alone for being intellectually honest enough
to refuse to teach' other than Marxian economics.
He also knows that students are refusing, in always greater numbers, to take up that profession
in preference to sacrificing tfaeir mtelleetual
integrity. ''
Referring to toe statement that Socialists propose that society "make'' a new social organisation, we deny that wc say any such thing. On the
contrary, we say that socfal organkations are
things of organic growth and development   Tfae
social theories of the early ,
were approximate truths to the stage of develop-
The mistake they made wet
eternal vslidity. They mistook merely temporary aoeial laws of a fluid font
of society for tfae eternal laws of tim comparative-
with the advancing development of the means of
production and because of that, become monstrous
untruths. Could it be correctly stated of the bourgeoisie in their some two hundred year contest
with the beneficieries of the feudal Order timt they
proposed to "mske" the social organisation of today. Yet what was it they accomplished? fa effect they freed the economic proeeoses, meant of
production, trade and commerce, from feudal restrictions and monopolies, and instituted such me*-
sure* as favored their development. To do this
latter, they had first to seise political power from
tim landed interests. From our day, viewing the
historical changes whiefa took place as s result of
tiifa in the political superstructure of society, they
present themselves as adaptations to the needs of
the changing economic base. And that fa all that
can be done insofar as conscious and voluntary
effort towards social progress fa concerned. Capitalist control, as formerly tiie feudal lords, fa now
ajetter on the productive processes, as Professor
Leacock has himself abundantly shown and this
fast five yean experience also more abundantly
still. SocUlists aay that to force the productive
processes, tim means of production must be socially owned for use snd not ss at present, owned by
a class for the anti-social exploitation of nan fay
man and of wfaiefa springs poverty, economic and
political subjection and such wan aa tim world
has just passed through. In his next installment,
Professor Leacock deals witfa tfae proposals of tite
Socialists and the Revolutionaries.
Referring to tfae generality of fafa frank criticism of the capitalfat system of production, snd
epeetflraUy that pert where fae explains that produetion under R must neeesssrily fae curtailed at
tfae point of tfae selling price of profit and skort
of the satisfying of human wants, fae says: "Tfae
socialist reads such criticism ss the above witfa
farpatient approval, 'Very weB," tite socialist says,
'the whole socisl organization is wrong and works
badly. Now let us abolish it altogether and make
a better one.' But in doing so fae. the socfalfat.
begs the whole question at issue. The question at
fane fat, 'Can we make a better one or must we
be content with patching up the old onet'"
The professor then presents an analogy, to the
defective social organization, from the point"' of
view of optics, fa tim defective organisation ■ of the
.Jrenmn eye, sod implies tfaat tfae socfalfat offers fa
fafa aoeial program total blindness as against the
(From the "Communist  Manifesto")
The immediate aim of the Communists fa the
same as that of all the other proletarian parties;
formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of thc bourgeois supremacy, conquest of
political power by the proletariat.
The theoretical conclusions of the Communists
are in no way based on. ideas or principles that
have been invented, or discovered, by this or that
would-be universal reformer.
They merely express, in general terms, actual
relations springing from an existing elass struggle,
from a historical movement going on under our
very eyes. The abolition of existing property ***-
fattens fa not at all a distinctive feature of Communism.
AU property relations in the past have continually been subject to historical change consequent
upon the change fa historical conditions.
The French Bevolution; for example, abolished
feudal property fa favor of bourgeofa property.
The dfatingnfafafag feature of Communism fa not
the abolition of property generally, but the abolition of bourgeofa property. But modern bouigedfa
private property fa tfae final and most complete
expression, of tfae system of producing and appropriating products, tfaat' fa baaed on elan antagonism, on the exploitation of tfae many fay the few.
In thfa sense, the theory of the CJommunfat* may
be summed up fa the single sentence: Abolition of
/private property.
We Connnunfate have been reproached with the
desire of abolishing the rightof personally acquiring property as the fruit of a man's own lafaor,
wfatefa property fa alleged^© be the ground work
of all personal freedom, activity and independence.
Hard-won, self-acquiwd, self-esrned propertyf
Do you mean tim property of tfae petty artisan and
of the small peasant, a form of property tfaat preceded tim bourgeofa form! Then fa no need to
abolish that; the development of industry faaa to
a great extent already destroyed it, snd fa still
destroying it daily.
Or do you mean modern bourgeofa private property!     *     .
But does wage-labor create any property for the
lsborert Net a fat. It creates capital, Ia, tint
kind of property which exploits wage-labor, end
whiefa can net increase except upon condition of
getting a new aupply of wage-labor for fresh exploitation. Property, in its present form, fa baaed
on tiw antagonism of capital and wage-labor. Let
us examine both sides of thfa antogonfam.
' To be a capitalist, fa to have not only a purely
personal, but a aoeial status fa production. Capital
is a collective product, and only fay tim united action of many members, nay, fa the last resort, only
by tfae united action of all members of society,
can R be set fa motion.
Capital fa therefore not a personal, it is a social
When, therefore, capital fa converted, into common property, fato the property of all members
of society, personal property fa not thereby transformed fato socfal property. It fa only tbe social
character of tfae property that fa changed. It
its class-eharacter. .
A stotement ef tfae theories and conclusions
of Scientific Socialism.
H per 100
10c per Copy *
(The Socialist Standard, London)
,«4fac ruling idea fa society today is accumulation.-
Produetion for tfae sake of further produetion.
Everything fa subordinated to tfafa great end.
machines sre invented, new methods devised
aSBUW^WS|BSSBBSBSWSSS>   ■■, SBF*   W    -  mmmWm-^m-mW**Wmmmm   ^p^.W     -   m^m/W*m**M***mW*mM.       ****** W   I   ■   al   IN
introduced so tfaat wealth may be produced
fa still arester abundanee.   Brains, muscles, lives
*^***     w*W****W^     MM*^ -^m^wwwmrm*   ,  ■5EW'^*^w^^P^^^^^ ** ^*       e ^**^**^***^****-m      ^^^^a^WT^^^^*^^p      ^^ w ^^^
and honors (I) are oil thrown into the melting-
pet in the feverish rush to produce and accumulate.
•J"Tfae ariuntfat msnds fafa life enquirinK fato end
sj iiianallilim ilrii faaja of nature, and tfae fruits
of his fadustry is applied to the stimulation of
^ ^^^^        .^^a^^^ p.    ™ ™» ^»^^^-w» qj .    .     - ^B*^^£r w ^v "V a> *a«^ *" aaa»aaa»^^a,» *»■ V*a^B*a«aa. -W A
*    a   ■ J ■ .aalaaa.il * m m m\ Ail      H.,,.,,;,    a '-m' 'mm.^
commercial aeveiopment. aii discoveries 01 tne
lews of nature become levers to increase wealth
WHS the introduction of tfae machine raste the
etc extinction of e wi*ltennw*prlaa..
The machine did everything and man
only the feeder, the rifave, tint *****
nere ana tnere accoraing to tne rpqOireniBn OX
thc colossus. ' '   r" .""
Instead of lightening the lafaor of the worker,
machinery has toteimified his foB.- It hss brought
\f*^!&9m**********      f        »^P^^^     mmmmmw^mmmmmi ■ * ***       mmmmmm      *§j ** •>■ * amw       ■ ■ mWmJ       mw m mr vag^a,
him to work at all hours, and kept him
at full pressure all the time.   For it hss
In times gone by, men produced
of the wealth, but the, coming of toe
nessed the whole family—men, wives and children
—in the process of wealth production. The oft-
repeated phrase, "the sanctity of the fsmily
hrarth," is s myth circulated by tfae scribblers
end henchmen of our masters.
At all costs the rush and hurry of production
must be kept up. A breakdown in machinery fa
the only thing that permits a suspension of the
process, from the point of view of our employers.
When an accident occurs in a mill or factory, fa
volving the injury or death of workmen, do the
works elose down temporarily for consideration
of the catastrophe tfaat extinguished for Over tite
trials and troubles of certain workpeople t Thc
injured are (sometimes!) taken away to the infirmary, but the work goes ahead « before—machinery must not be idle for a single moment
longer than fa absolutely essential, ss idle maohfan
lessen the amount of wealth produced, and hence
greater poverty fa the aggregate
day than there has ever been."
■ij* ■ •« y1"* sw^m'      *a*wMm^*wwM^%*f       ,**a*i-jj raoe   ■>*>.y
*1 Sa-teP*nO' *: ' ^*^mW       )W0^Bm^**Mj^^**W*^* MlMF&mmm, ***mm *■•■?* W^WmMM)W0 m^MwmMm jpMw'  '
fits are nowadays expressed fa terms of dividends.
The company form makes'fa an easy matter to
WoV real profits, and the ignorance of tfae general
public on finsimfal matten makn fa still more
Mr**"*"*   ■***  ****-*$****        **** ■ * .******    -   ■   **
-easy to,show that not much "per cent." i* being
Claas.   The rich sre the wealth ownen   made,   it msy be raid that, on the contrary, pub-
class.   The worken en   lie eoarenuifaehave to onofan their briance-sheets.
own tfae wealth pre*   Just so.   But thc fact* lie hidden, not so mucfa in
richer and   too poor poorer.   *l*h.   greater
wraith tfae greater   and> more   wideeprrad tim
The poor are the wralth-producers-thc
duced, * '^r;V'r
WO read fa report, of
Enquirythat certain
of thousands a year fa
l^lmmm1 mUl .2"
at the
the amount of
profit, bat fa the amount
of toe "subscribed capital.''   How this capital fa
Iraw faundnda   made up may fae ascertained st Somerset House-
wfaatl  Ear   fant hew manypeople faavo too fooflitfa. to obta*
soiled their hsnds   tfafe, or even tin fanwfadgo of how to go about
Jive*.   Tfaey drew   getting itf   The only thing the public as a rule
the royalties because they chanced to fae taw off-   fees, or knows, is how much ''par cent." fa being
.spring of certain landowiters.   In other words, be-   paid. V/
$arn fato tim charmed circle of      A p^^eetAnrtint   of   subscribed   casetai fa
usually paper capital, facing described ss "renowned today, then thc   dor'a" ahares. There are any number of companies
of   wealth, tfae mors   wW pay a* fa*^ fantnt
will be for. the private   this were
fa the prevailing idea or aim
^ "1>0 rafaig idea of tho system advocated by the
*m*wfW*a^nmMOmM     Maw    pS WUV%s V«S     •VI      laOSV     mW^Mmm*ff    Va
fatfaoeennoftfae   jnfai^
tfafa fa tte reason   50 per cent, to 100 per cent   It fa only the
alterefaeWcrV the man who invests hfa 0250 or 1600,
X7sn s*s^g. Mmaam,,
tradfag eatfae
money of these small investors, draws 6 per
£ ■*.. jay..
always have, thovasoe , of
"fn^^*fVJIi"U'l"*J*Cr    *pVay    mw JewEBEfaT  ^W*MmM-m>'\m\****mmm^.
matter of nationalizing industry.   But
. . Mr' X .'■■   ;,'     Y^T***^*^**- \ -    !. \^^n*      ^^^^Tf^^V/^m.        -lal* ,"Jr..
holder's interest fa more bound up with the interest of tfae workers than it is with the big capi-
talfat He fa fast as mucfa a victim as tfae em-
pfa-sse. His small rapitsl is used to trade witt,
and for it he gets but a small return, while the
big holder draw* his thousands.
tion; production organized to satisfy the require-   on hfa thousands ef paper shares.
ment* of aU the members of society.   Instead of
et "an inunense accumulation of -com-
," toe Socialist aims at an immense ac-
rition of^ comfort and happiness distributed
over the whole of society.
In too existing state pf tilings there fa social
XiT ■^^•WWO^^rae    wMwMMp    MmMwmM W MMmiAMMmM     *aTaa*j^^n ** Sr^ mmn*»^^Fmnm MmMMMm    mm mr
eislfat would sbohsh thfa contradiction and substitute Social appropriation of the Socfal products.
Under Capitalism the lews of nature
harnessed to industry. Steam, gas, and
faave shown titelr rapacities as prime movers. The
transmitting mechanism snd the tool have been
to a marvellous pitch of perfection. The
it in the co-operation and division of
labor have reached a point where each need only
perform s simple function in the vast and complicated mechanism oi production.
Capitalism has shown us that wealth can be
produced in abundance    with   a    comparatively
Profits have increased, and are
such  an extent that even*
tite amount Of nrofit In modern- production ****** expenditure of time and energy on the pert
workers' line are of fio account. The deatfa of of *»"* ef us. It hss, therefore, performed fas
one worknteit but leaves a vacancy for another to nfatoric mission and signed ite death warrantor«
fJB, and there^^ an alwaya plenty at the factory «n*«*fa* *>**««to imoflt fay tim lesrott it liea taus^
gate to fill any vacancy that ocean. An organism must adapt itself to its environ-
Now what fa the reason, for this lever on pro-   ment or perish; the same fa true of a given state   critics!
of society. Capitalfam ran not control the forees
it has brought fato bring, therefore R must perish,
an(| 0 new society will arise out of Re ruins. Tfae
various commercial crises that occur at intervals
due to the breakdown of tim gigantic system of
credit; the increasing yastnen of each succeeding
war; tfae multitude of varying devices tfaat foil to
assuage tfae seething roam of (lsrgely Wind) dfa.
the pockets of a certain etnas.   Broadly speaking,   content; and the many'other Incidents of
the capitalist* are
getting alarmed. To keep tite knowledge of thfa
from reaching the public, bigger efforts are being
made to hide tiie real fact* In the June issue
of "The Secretary" appears the following in an
article entitled "Capitalizing Reserves :"—
"There has in recent years been a marked tendency among industrial and certain other companies to dispose of large reserve funds   .
by their capitalization in the form of bonus shares,
issued to shareholders pro rata to their holdings.
"Why should there'be this change of view towards a principle wfaiefa . . . was frequently
tfae subject   of   adverse   comment   by financial
duce and accumulate! "What fa the reason at the
bottom that gives tfae stimulus to tite industrial
The answer is given in the reports fa the pram
relating to dividends. Bore you' find so much per
cent dividend distributed fay various umnetn.
These dividends are titles to certain |Utoui.foU
of tite wealtk produced.   Then dividends go into
tfae greater the amount of wealth produced, tite
greater fa the quantity available for distrtfawtien
to tfae dividend holders.
The people entitled to dividends are those wfao
invest money fa a concern.   Day tim workers invest?   Of course not.   Tfae worker receives in tfae
form of wsges only what will keep fafan fa very-   tfae midst of plenty—a society of wealthy idlers
fag degrees of comfort—or poverty, to enable faun   and porerty-strieken worken.
knowledge, all show tfaat Capitalfam fa steedfly
staggering to tim taeakfag-pofat.
So fang n tim vest oapaultin of
duction are under tite umtml ef oa
mwd tar tite aanusnamamant of timt elan alone.
wai-r*a-war  O""**" '■    *^~" ' **V*gB ***-**mm**^**--*m*mw    *mm    .wwspsspsf    ^^ss»^aw       ■        *p •
we win faave tfao strange spectacle of poverty fa
nue worlttog and reproduce his kind.
The people wfao draw the dividends are thon
who fay ownership^and control of the means and
instrument* for producing and distributing wealth
reap tfae fruit of the workers' tofi, via, the capi-
IslsQfa .-.• -;''.----'V:--   '-:'^-
In aalte of tfae profusion of wealth resulting
from the sppliration of roacfafaery to production,
then fa, aa a notorious Wefafamaa once said, "a
We must, therefore, take advantage of tfae lee-
abolish poverty for ever.  The means lie
ourjaand provided by the capRaHste
She rapture of tim political
"In tfae first place, tfae instinct of self-preservation has undoubtedly been a contributing factor.
. . . High rates of dividend naturally have the
effect of attracting competition to tfae Industry
concerned, but thfa fa a minor matter by comparison whh the envy whieh big dividends excite
fa tfae breast of Labor, whiefa ignores tbe fact tint
past refavestment of shareholders' p-ttfite alone
mode tfae high nte ymsflili fa tfafa nopeat, tawr*-
fow, tfae capitalisetion of reserve* is a movement
ta tfae direction of least lesfatence. It fa mneh
more simple to keep tim rate of dividand low than
to attempt to prove to a body of employee* that
a high rate of dividend fa really a low eat,"
Here wc have the poliey of nmfafag tfaejlikiiilli
appear smsll advocated openly and unfatmmfagiy.
"It fa easy to make tfae dividends appear amaB."'
Capitalfam tracfaes, ora^nixe for rte overthrow   ^^ ^.    K   y^ ^ ^m-^ ffenm have
d   eently faeld meetings for tfae purpose of coirrerting
—accumulated reserves fato sfaans* for dfatrifaution
""•smong tfae afaat^cfatldon.   Tfae pereeatage ot dfa*.
•*•**   dead wfll thus remain tow, Into the aetual profit
tenia the capiteneta to their privRogad peaitten.      ^^ ^^ ^ ^g^ tt aisfattfan to the inereaae
OTLMAC.       of paid-up eapRal allotted to tfae holders. ■
• *.
/■'■      ■ ' ■    ■      '£,:   ...
.-•v.- ■'
On noting the articles and illustrations fa the
cspitalist press, one faeunpleasantly reminded of
that class dependence which hn produces mental
fa all times. Throughout the ages
of servility has assumed vsrious forme,
of wfaiefa are now almost extinct, while
others, nme new and some old, still bloom fa all
then- vigor like fungus rooted in denying matter.
Suckle tells us that '"in England the practice of
dedicating books to wealthy patrons fell away
about thc middle of the eighteenth century. The
in to authors used to rary from forty shE-
to about one hundred pounds, and the gros-
the flattery, the larger the sum. The cause
of the dedication was the lack of support capable
of bring received from the common people, who
were too ignorant to take advantage of the uses
of literature, whose style moreover was then so
cumbrous and difficult to understand tfaat only
'tfae very highly educate*! could. enjoy it. But
about this time political newspapers arose and a
sharp struggle broke out between them and the
two Houses of Parliament, regarding the right of
publishing the debates. In the end, both Houses,
though aided by thc Crown were totally defeated
and the people won able for the first time to gain
some acquaintance with national affairs. Hence
through this expansion of the literary market
authors could now afford to be more virile and
independent.    .  ..■■*;*■;;>■   V^'pa ■'/
*$lii> Scotland, Bobert Burns (1759-96) much M
fae desired to, was unable to free himself of the
practice, (of appealing for patronage.) Under
pressure of poverty he wu obliged to accept a
situation in Jamaica, but money being lacking for
the expenses of the voyage, he had decided on
publishing his poem* by subscription.    In • this
of our argument:
bordering on dismsy,
tfaat faave reached tea,
It rays, to
"- learn wito i
torn away from fas tree function, education is one from some college
of tite forces by means of wfaiefa tfae rapitalfat clan that Mr. R. H. Tawney has
fa-able to enforce ita dictatorship ever the mimns turer fa Economic* at Balliol College. The
Every educational body fa thfa country subsidised, of a professor of Poetry, of Greek, of Latin, of
directly or indirectly, by the ruling clan to teach Law, or of Chemistry, mstter to ae one oat him-
social science fa a weapon of reaction. And in tin self. But History and Political Economy Ue at tite
measure that the class consciousness of thc work- root of society. . . Mr. R. H. Tawney and Mr.
ers is stimulated to revolutionary action, and fa Sidney Webb are openly enoofatcd with the ex-
guided and balanced by our educational activity, treme wing of the Leber Party. . . Tfaey «gn-
so fa the same measure the ruling dan wffl fran- ed tfae Smillie Reports which hsve landed us on
tically build up opposing educationsl movements tbe brink of an industrial revolution, if net civil
to oppose us. Herein lies the explanation why the
press, the parliamentary profiteers, the financiers
and tfaeir Laborfat dupes are now booming Buskin
College and the Workers' Educational Association. These two institutions deny the existence
of the class struggle and contend that fa the conflict between Labor and Capital they occupy a
neutral position. In so far as they adopt thfa
posture, they are dangerous instruments of reaction. Neutrality fa the argument used by tim present Government every time it smashes a strike
"To appoint a  gentleman  thus closely linked
with Mr: Smillie to lecture on political
to the Balliol College undergradustes appears to
us a grave mistake. The Master and Fellows of
Balliol may be communist* to a man, if they chose;
but they have no business to teach Socialism to
the sons of the proprietary classes. Spme regard
should surely be paid to the views of the parents.
We hazard the assertion that nine-tenths of the
parents who send their sons to Oxford or Cam-
and drafts troops into strike 'areas during a Strug-   bridge regard toe political and economic doctrines
gle between Capital and Labor. There can be no
neutrality between Capital and Labor. Every
politician, newspaper or educational body which
proclaims its neutrality regarding the class struggle merely uses that term as an ambuscade from
•which to attack the working clsss. The ruling
clan is much too cunning to proclaim ita Opposition to Labor, consequently it camouflages its hostility behind the phrase—neutrality.
The modern revolutionary movement of tite
Third International faaa devised its own code of
tactics fa tfae political and educational field, "ft
carries its revolutionary, tactics into thc sphere
of education, too.; It refuse* on the industrial end
edition of his poems, thc author, while most sin-    political field to compromise wito the traditional
ccrely thanking fafa subscribers, advises .them thst
tfafa fa fafa genuine gratitude and "not the mercenary bow over a counter.'' A copy of this edition having reached an eminent Edinburgh literary
man, he prevailed on Burns to try fafa fortune in
tfae Scottish cspitsl, snd bring out a larger edition
of hfa works. This he did and again was compelled fay circumstances to submit to the dedication degradation. This time it was "the noble-
teen and gentlemen of the Caledonia hunt." whom,
however, he assured "though, much indebted to
your goodness, I do not approach you. my Lords
and Gentlemen in the usual style of dedication, to
thank you for past favors; that path is so hackneyed fay prostituted learning, that honest rusticity is ashamed of it. Nor do I present thfa ad-
drem with the venal soul of the servile author,
looking for or continuation of those favors: "I
wn bred to the plough and am independent."
With part of tfae £500 he gained by tfafa step fae
finally settled down to family life on the form,
But hfa past experience* an a celebrity, combined
witfa tfae Bohemianism timt gen with tho true
poetic temperament, hampered hfa success as a
farmer, while as a literary man with influential
patrons, a soft Government job was the then natural sequence of affairs. However, the pool's,
political independence stood fa tim way, thfa, fa- painful,
deed, nearly resulted fa fab loosing even tim peltry
eStnation fae finally obtained, that of pa exciseman
or gusger at fifty pounds a year.   In. one of his
policy of tfae mssters or their allies in thc Labor
movement Aa an avowed aad
revolutionary movement it haa,
ite own iftdustrial and political policy. Aad it
must fa sheer consistency to its revolutionary outlook, and in keeping witfa fai methods and tactics,
create its own educational policy. That educational policy realises tfaat hfateey Wham bat
tfae record of elan atxuggJfaA J*a*ta educational
policy shows that there can be no harmony of interests in modern society between Labor and Capital.   The revolutionary working clan movement
*atWaw     "-*       w* S*w      ^mMmMA%     m¥wfMH*MamMMiM*if      *m*mFwM*lr*MwMLMWM*wMmm%     *m*Mm     MMMMMwwm'mm J        *^mM*^m
economics. We. challenge the other educational
institutions to deny that their teaching of history
and economics fa biassed in favor of the present
property-holding system. And we need not go
for in order to prove our ease. Tfae Saturday Review (July 26, 1919.) indicate* our position. It
attacks a mild and inoffensive Laborfat intellectual, one wfao opposes Marxism as mucfa ae Tee
dreads revolution, because fae faaa been appointed
n a lecturer fa ecenoorics in one of the Oxford
fill the columns so efficiently at little of no expense, while the bom tells tim two-thirder to "sat
up that junk"—enough on thst subject fa fa too
And tfae moral of R aU! Well, whether or not
they hero tin right tfaey wfao pay tite piper will
political epistles to the man who wn fastrumentol insfat fa calling the tone, and fa
fa drawing him to. the capital, and faforming fafan
ef tfafa position fae says, "I faa'e a wtte and twa
wee laddfae" and shamefacedly adds, "Te ken
Of Messrs. Tawney, Webb, Smillie and Co., with
dread snd detestation.'*    y
We can assure the Saturday Review that Hr.
Tawney fa not-such a rapid revolutionary as fa
imagines. Nevertheless, its attack upon such a
V^'tfmMWfa: i-egardfafaj Me appointment to
lecture on economics and history triumphantly
exposes the fallacy of neutrality so far as Labor
and Capital are eownerned.
v"fa the part of the Saturday Review's quotation
which we italicized, attention fa drawn to history
and political economy, which, it contends. "He at
the root* of society.?' In other words, history snd
economics examine social relations. Therein lurks
their danger. Latin. Greek; or any of the classieal
subjects are not dangerous. Chemistry, or any of
the natural sciences are safe studies. But hands off
history and economics! These subjects are socially
danj-erons because fhev deal with society snd the
relations of classes. Hence, these must be dealt
witfa fay intellectuals who can fae depended upon
to Interpret them in a "neutral" manner—that fa
, to ny, from tfae standpoint of the propertied fa-
As revolutionists our educational policy is quite
clear. We must keep extending our Marxian educational classes. Wherever possible we mast create
Labor College* in order to rescue economics and
history from the venal scholars who would fain
utilize these subjects to prolong class rule. We
may not manage to pan the whole of the working
Clan through our educational elssses; but the more
we attract so the greater will be the number of
stalwart snd courageous thinkers who wfll faead.
Labor's column snd guide it when the revolutionary army hurls itself against tbe cspitalist citadel.
line fa the time of the year when classes should
be organized. It is part of the agitational work
of tfae Socfalfat Parties to organize and conduct
such rl amirs    If classes are alreadv organized we
m i * **<  ■■ ▼^^^^•ww^wai      , ****.    w-rmmmm^m^^w-    *mmw*    wa*w^a^y      vA^vHtai^i     *v»*
must either rally to them or extend their sphere
of fafluenra Hard work during the next few
weeks wfll have far-reaching effects fa the immediate future. Our educational movement don
net nek to create proletarian ".ntoltaotuafa" er
mental dilletante*. Our educational work has for
its object the creation of a band of weaken ante
to understand what modern society ia end whither
R fa drifting; a band ef courageous thinkers cap-
that Strang   necessity   supreme   fa among sons
but of a hundred, tite piper wffl play ta
them.   But tt H wn a limited change in botfa
mental and material conditions tint nmantnaUd   *•*"•* °* clearly understanding what the social re-
e men*.
Tfaat fa the root of the trouble, "Strang
atty."   From the big city capitalfat daily to thc
village weekly "Disturber'' or ''Painkiller.'* the
efakfag of individuality that must be endured to* proved standard ef knowledge, literary
capture tim elusive Advt. and tfae acceptance of   production wffl result
tritlen local "news" and tactless personalities tfaat "PROGBESS."
Britfah authors from one form of
the dedication may we not hope, that wimp soefalfam with its general higher education and sane
economic eondRfaas faaa completely freed the writing class from: all forms of subjection, that an inland
volution fa and why it fa historically neeoanry; a
bend of daunfleas fighters wfao wffl pursee tintf
strsigfat course heedless of the Mphfatrin of sufa-
sidised scholars, heedless of tfae cowardice   and
uiuuAawaa   a*   MnArsnmayl    ■ i^aaWa-aantedw
On then witfa tfae educational work.
Marxian knowledge fa all powerful for tim fa- Publish* <! When Circumstances and Finances Permit By
»•'■•■' The Socialist Party of Canada.
401 Header Street East, Vancouver. B/ C.
Editor     C   Stephenson
Subscriptions  to "Red  Flag"    20
SKITEMBKK 27. 1919
SINCE   the
'*' clamantly
On Poets and Poetry
D'Anuuncio-Fiume episode burst
on a nerve-wracked world's attention, we have been eagerly scanning the columns of the press for denunciations of this, whet
appeared to. us, unconstitutional activity, but fa
vain. We have been educated by the prem on
what fa constitutional and what is not until we
thought we knew. We are frankly bewildered.
No reproof have we seen fa more drastic than a
mild suggestion that D'Annunrio is extremely foolish, but even this reproof is palliated. Here is a
man taking action, which again may plunge a
war-sick world 'into strife again aad all our
hitherto const itutional pedant* palliate tim offence on tfae inane excuse timt fae fa a poet.
Wo never professed to fae a Judge of poet* or
poetry, but we an now "eddicated," thanks to
tfae scribes of the press, who evidently know a good
alibi when they see one. The next tfam we tne
up far murder we shall instruct the magistrate
and plead cause The Canadian conspirators waiting trial in October may also take note.
Sir Edward Carson, known fa Greet Britain as
"king of insurrections" must afao be a poet, but
must took to his laurels.   A mere Italian
ahead of an Irishman.   Then there fa
of South African fame, he of raurse get two
even if he did put it in oa velvet, but probsbly
he wn only a minor poet.   Probably he improved.
Anyway he was appreciated better later on, for
we later went fa and earned tim aims of hie abor- And, fa fact, tim abobUfan' of classes in aoefaty presupposes s degree of historical evolution, at which
tiie' 11 fall in «i. not simply of this Or tint partieulsr
ruling class, but of any ruling dam at all, and,
(From "Socialism, Utopian aad Scientific")
T/_   a _. ■ ■ ,'°r;.-;it-j-.;■•'..•-
yaj^v    assewa wswena **•    * ■••a * *■•» w>m^n**MmWfmnwj
Since tim historical appearance of tfae capitalfat
mode of production, tfae appropriation fay society
of all the mean* of production fan often been
dreamed of, more or less vaguely, by individual*,
as wdl n by sects, n thc Ideal of tim fafan. But
it could become possible, eould become e historical
necessity, only when tite setusl conditions for its
realization were there. Like every other aoeial advance, R becomes practicable, not by men Understanding that the existence of daises fa a contradiction of justice, equality, etc, not fay tim mere
willingness to abolish these elssses, but by* virtue
of certain new economic conditions. Tfae separation of society fato an exploiting and an exploited
class, s ruling snd an oppressed class, wn tfae
necessary consequence of the deficient end restricted development of production in former times.
So long as the total soda! labor only yields a produce which but slightly exceeds' that barely necessary for tfae existence of all; so long, therefore,
as labor engages all or almost all tfae time of tfae
great majority of tim members of society—so fang,
of necessity, tfafa society fa divided into nil mis
Side fay side witfa the great majority, exdusivdy
bond slaves to labor, arises a class freed from
directly productive labor, which looks after the
general affairs ef society; the direction of lafaor.
State business, law. science, art, etc. It is, theic-
fore. the lew of division of labor that tin at the
basis of the division into classes. But tfafa don
not prevent tfafa division fato dimes from being
out by means of violence and robbery,
It does not prevent the ml-
*>"»■»■*,   askowsnaSksta ' aaaawaJK     nranteasi * sasaam
solidatfag Be power st the expense of the working-elan, from turning their socisl leadership fate
aa *ntwf*s**wd exploitation of the masses.
But if, upon tfafa showing, division into dasses
fan a certain historical testification fa fan tfafa
^>riy for a given period, only under given
conditions. It wu based upon the
of production. It will be swept away by the complete development of modern productive
and products that are at the present time the fa-
evitable concomitants of production, end tfaat
reach their height in the crisis. Further, it seta
free for the community at large e msss ef mesns
of production and of products, by doing swsy
witfa the senseless extravagance ef tite ruling
damn of today, and their political lepiamiatotlin.
The possibility of ncuring for every member af
society, by means of socislixed production, aa ejsfet»
ence not only fully sufficient materially, and becoming day by day more full, but an
guaranteeing to all the fan development
efae of their physical and mental faculties—thfa
possibility fa now for the first tfam here, but it
is here.  • ■
if* -
4 'a-
•      ■
The Communist   Manifesto,   at the rate of $8 per.
100.   Single copin 1© cents. . - ■
Manifesto of the Socialist Party of Canada . . *6
per 100.   Single copies 10 cent*.
Slave of the Farm . . to, per 100.   Single copies
The Present Economic System, by Professor W. A.
Bonger . . $6 per 100.   Single copies 10 cents.
^«, Utopaan and Scientific . . Sfaurie coptec"
15 cents.   $13 per 100. , ,        ;
Wage Labor and Capital •'. $8 per 100.   Sfagte
alight fa
five raid to a
In then fundamental
thrown on other matters. We
far Dennikin, Kolchak and Winston Churchm and
tin support they reecive from all tfae cultured
people. Tfaey are poets, and fay tfae nme token
so were Csptain Kydd, Morgan the freebooter.
Charlie-Peace, Sweeny Todd the demon barber,
the brothers James, Jack the Ripper, and other
heron too -horrible to
therefore, thc existence of dan distinction iteelf
fan become an obsolete anachronism. It presupposes, therefore, the development of production
carried out to a degree at whiefa appropriation of
tim means of production and of the products, and,
with this, of political domination, of the monopoly
of culture, and of intelleetusl leadership by a
particular elan of society, fan become not only
. copfaa 10 cents. ■■'.
Capitalist Production, being the first nine chapters
of Vol. L Marx's Capital . .. Single copies, paper
cover, 60 cents;   doth bound, tl.OO.
'•Ten Beys That Shook the World,'* By John
Kolchak, Autocrat and Tyrant. The actual story
of kolchak and fab methods told try an American
official recently returned from Siberia. With
tfafa fa included. Anti-Bolsheviks and Mr. Spargo,
fay William Hard. Taken, with apologies, from
tite July 9 "New Bepublie" . . $6 per 100. 10
eents per single copy.   •
"Industrial History of England," By H. De B.
"Six   Bed   Months   in   Russia"   By
Bryant-t2.10.    ,
Postage Psid.
Make all Money Orders payable to C. Stephenson,
401 Pender Street Bast, Vancouver, B. C.
Only the fate that overtook tfaen tatter *********   .aa^aaa, but enonomteslly,   poHticaUy,   fatal
leetuslly a hindrance to devdopment
Thfa point is now reached. Tfaeir political end
intellectual bankruptcy fa aearcdy any longer a
neret to tfae bourgeoisie tfaansdves. Tfaeir economic bankruptcy recurs regularly every tea yeara.
In every crane, society fa suffocated beneath tfae
weight of its own productive foren and products,
which it can not use, and standi fadplen, face to
face witir-tim absurd contradiction that tfae
dueers have  nothing to consume,  beeause
ate wanting.   The expsnsive force of tfae
of produetion bursts the bonds timt tim
of produetion had imposed upon
tfaen.   Tfaeir deliverance from these bonds fa the
one precondition for
been beeaun tfaey Bred fan
genius wn not appreciated at Ra
stay, a neond consideration conn to hand.
Perhaps it fa true after all what tim
aay, tfaat there are two elssses fa* society, fa tint
esse, what fa genius fa one dan may fan eonatkr-
ed aonmtkfag efae fa another.   H tfaat fa ao, hOw
about tfae lafaor officiate fat trieL
now ariara what fa poetry?   Our first
tion suggested that it waa just the plain loot, fcot,
celebrated fae song by another poet,
ling.   The second
to point to the fact tfaat a quantitative dtoratioa
result* in a qualitative difference for instance,
a starving proletarian taking a loaf of farced
wfatefa Isn't fafa*n fa fast a pfafa tfafat A Imu-weofa   eelerated derdopajent of tfae productive fence.
In Last Week's Nation B la Recorded-
I found that Somerset House records tbe follow-
in a* entries of investment with tfaeir dates:
*^>W   fWM*MW****^*M^W*,     Wmmmmj      ^B^^ W   ^#»^»^™»^**» W.       **T m*T****       ^^^»^^^^ ^^^a^^^^W w
• *
Rt. Hon. A, Chamberlain __ 3000 4| 8|14
Ditto *~~.,   ., -. -  1000 80|u*19
Ditto  mm — 1000 S| 5)18
Shares.   Date.
„   fSOO   12) 4jlt
Rt Hon. Walter Long
IpltO .-■     »..!.*. «■ 'a
Spaesky Copper Company:
Lord Resding
[Hjldiil* I
ayntttn uorporsnon:
leading armed foren agafaat constituted government, or for the forcible acquisition of other anwnr*
eign peoples domain fa--what fa Imt-Snafl we
say, a "teuefaetor. Of eourn, fa neret, fa it per>
ntissible for, a Bolshevik to ask fafaaaaf, a
factor to whom!
and Ifaenwilfa for a practically unlfatited
of production itself. Nor fa tins afl. The aoefal-
faed appiwprfatioa of> tim means of produetion
does away, not only witfa tim present artificial re-
strtetfons upon production, fant efae with the positive waste and devastation of productive forees
til yeT-Ejat
Sfaares. Date.
300 J|l"lf
440    Sjlflf
The boldfaga of tfae Geddes Brothen dste,Bw*n
be seen, from tfafa year, tfaat fa, after the war witfa
Germany waa ended, and wc wen openly treating
tfae Government of Russia n an enemy. What faave
these gentlemen to say!
Cfaddea, Auckland.	
Gcddea, Bite ...i— .      %'%r
-»!>■''   ■'    fit   T' "     ...
:■■ • .•■*"-•'
•.   ;•"   '] ■', i   ----gg--m*8ai.
—yifi'm.-i,    : »n'e.:
- ■
_ ■ r - -   - ■ ■
"But this much at least ought to appear clear
line of argument indicated above fa ae-
namely, that there is no' great hope for
hettermeut of society fay the men
asHanes of technical industrisl progress aad
by the unaided play of the motive of every
k.    '■'-,
■"■I" ■	
factories.    But competition for a living
^A"<'"V*T"*~'" y:^m[WfmY':j^■'.'::;■
"(From   Thristiau Science Monitor," Sept. 4.)
LONDON, England,  (Wednesday).-A Moscow
wireless message states that at an extraordinary
l-cewea*^ until it wn 1^ «po^^
no longer poratete for tim head of the household Iillf ftjly on the situation on the Western Front
to support the fenny.   Per information on  tfafa wMefa hitherto, he raid, had been of secondary
particular period we recommend Uibbin* "Indus- importance.
ettort wouia never 01 ltseii nave
by one inch tite lot of the working
The rise of wages in thc nineteenth
h4"tae shortonfag of faoun that
chanical power, nor to the advance fa diligence
and industriousness, nor to the advance, if tfaere
" It wsa due to
ranieal progress
It does not, of
^umjiMllmmutmatmmmm W»A«U o*»thiiir Labor-
***m^*^mi*'™*1*&>**m^*r*Tn***^^^ *
savins maeninerv dan nee. af iteelf. mure tfae
*ma»*w**mny   ss-aw^p^Pw^-^-aswv^-   wws-^-^-» ; ■■■syj   '***** ■J*m****~****mt.. ******m *~* mmi*' '."*
4 working world a single hour of toil; it only
afaifte R from one task to
trial History of England," advertiaed among our
literature.* lie records that it wa* not until tim
wages of the work men had been reduced to a
stsnrstion leval timt timy sOnmnUd te their efafl-
wn any. fa seneraT
"*"""*  mU*T*  ™   *^T?*mm<,
the efwanisatioMefdLwan^ S
"*iA\H™'. ■■ ■■ wgsni  m**"^nia^MM*f***^**m******m■^***mw-m*m*****m^^w° ■ ■^***r
fa no record of mans'
terrible than those years
tion of the factory and .
makes It the more terrible fa titet the
net. getannni fa fantotiid famaetwa or i
eration, bat was general to the new
"After crushing Kolehak and dealing with Denikin. whose army already shows signs of dissolution, we shall eoamatatrate our forces and efaj_
our enemies in turn," Mr. Troteky eontfansd, as!pt>
ing thst in the West there was en* sector wlmre \S
they eould not retreat an inch, that being on the
a system of
energy, industriousness
shatter itself fa vain,    tfae
merely a race in which only one esn
no malter how great the speed of all; a
MM wfaiefa one', and not all, can stan"
; tafaoulders of the others.   It fa the
of individualism by the force of
and by legislation that haa
whatever social advance fan been achieved fay
tfae great man of tim people.. . ."
j^SbT-s. the a^rfr^
•   *****n-*-mW*wm^*   a*^*aE*~~~~~~~~~^ fssnnsm   §* uiMIUl   II
*BJ*Lm . d* .   m^*^^****™*?*J""""r>i' **********4'<*i***************-' ■ ""a"""""^""""""*i,
SOt*h   EH   tf>xt*Pllt    hlnti   thi*   •P*****arlcrtmrsjwfc   -aT*   tiaeW   YorklM*!!       ^^ ^^    EW>MaI**j   IMIVIIIIC   AOrCTS   OU   1X8
*******   *****   *"""*a*enn%   enaaWaTi   ~nTa~~P   STc>^'a~n~~~"Mi~~~~~i~~C   MA    lAa~~C    mvr*TC*B       *^*YaV*n   ^manaaatorsa"   *■*  %.*-.   o«tJl     'i^. sssna I a   T*I   1        i   *
*^****w^m**www        ^-. ^^^^Lj^^^^ _ Ajfafc^^^^^fcJh  At^sa ~'*ks^M- at**
,te*afc»   *•***n-snanoa* tegn^ngd-Bj^:,,. .. «,
T v The wireless m*a-**se farther states that
ss^ar"'' *ftaua~OaW   anuaaaa** **!*■■-< J"    ■l""Vf-"f™   ^T*^*Tl'H!W^P^*i!?*''p**"<i*w,.efWP    """""""""""•> .
^^ Tf^   hearing   Mr.   Trotsky's   report,   tfae
- mMW^   Ssssfat waned 'a -raniation approvfai
*gW:''fliafWB '     ^^^*wwwm   ** ■TTnrs«oaw»   eoararsv v anas
^^ ^^        jaAwnr    afl aaaamaaaaassaaasss a> *—     ssinn saai    a4^#"W»    e«^
Kydd, tfae author  of   T. ^' ^ '"[Si;**? ****
aaaaaV **  sawwifiijsaaa*'      ^W*****^^^m*^^mW&!i^^QGpm   mWw?W~---^^l^WW™*P*l*mw&*W^
«•«« • a     Haanaaaaaatlaaam.     Akaatllai     tKa>    RsalslAfllRTI     nfTbrl      BfnEW.
ilia*    -EsMga*a*a#a*a*aaa1 *•*        ^    m^^*m^^ . aAaap     ansInVfUnll    *UM(1    fllB**
*****-r   "fanre^   *E*f*rf^*'frfnaV'('m . . _**_*•_ -fcfcJ<a^jh^J^jrLjfc*ai»JAJ^ ■-.a ^w _    a i.
little tourers and   ■"* ™*'M||* .•nnff Pf tpiWian « tee RUglO
Frenefa *mnsrrinliste** and advance asr&inst Petro-
*    "mtMij^^x******!**9?.-, ^*ff**WM*f mm**R^**r*~*m : mmMr*mMmmay?mfx*i^Qmmr
E(*/-   '       .      '    ■     .
,'fa keoted
stmtfal of a
a*" -*—b     .^»   ^     .
««■—A     *--           a    ■ -.     «^
iiuie xeet were sept in
mill aaaataul utiiili lu Wins funs knij kamfa
•wssasar   wawawanwaraaa^-aw* .waniwmwww^   mrj    viywo  MMwraan   nsmanwj    *"■*""■■*""**■"""
and feet of the merriless overlooker  snd tfae in-
wras   "-wsirai   mm*   •i^^'aw   i^^w^w^ssm^^orau, mr*-e(pom^^'*'^mm'Ssp   *eB^^^ua>   wswi^e   w**^*^
diction of bodily pafa by faetrenente of punfah-
invented by the sharpnid ItaLaufg af far
The above nay appear fa-
e*'*"1*f*B"*B**af    iafaw     ^     *|,», aM j—faa *■      is SSL
w   "a»aw   ennaawp via*aja*a.    uj^r
writer of tim
Election Defeat.
(From the "Daily Herald.")
-      ' '
PARIS, August 24.—The   Bulgarian   elections
can remember himself n a small child, in a York-
ThO above fa from I»rofenor I^acoeka article fa ***** ***-h faiyaEnl*afia^                  e  wnirrfag just over afaoW a greater gain for Socialism than
the Vancouver Daily Province, Sept. 20 issue.   Hfa "pinning frame by one of these overlookers.   And in nny European country rave Russis.
stotement that an increase of productivity does not that win no solitary instance even in that day of Tfae Communists have increased their seats from
of itself elevate tfae fat of toe wage-working class considerable improvement.    In   my   case,   as   in 10 to 47, snd the Moderate Socialists—divided be-
fa correct.   As s factor it merely provides an in- -O^faw,eaefa' treatment was not for ebRdish pranks tween two leaders representing the small farmers
created social fund out of wfaiefa labor may, pro- ^efaad •aa^tiss^aat^                          beeause arid the middle   dasaos   in the towne^-kaye far
riding the labor market conditions are favorable I eoeM net keep the pace ot the nacfafae n a creaaed timin iron *» to
ncure an advance in ita standard of living.   The "bobbin ligger."   Speaking of tite practice of pro-^    Of the 200 seats in the Bulgarian Parliament,
working elass is divorced from both the owner- curing children for the factories from thc work- nearly half were occupied by the military party un-
afaip of the means of production and the product*, fawote of dear eld England,.Gibbin* says, "they til tfafa efamtiim.  Tfaat party retains only one aeat.
These belong to the capitalist' elass.   The struggle wen fed upon the cheapest an)   eoarsest   fend, Complete Socialism is probable fa Bulgaria at
op the labor market decides the amount tfae -sage- ellam the nam as that served out to the pige of an early date, notrssng to pjeameura that are fan
working class shall receive of the social product timfa maator.   "rfaey slept by turns and fa relays, *-Wjunta'*y-*r*atfc
With regard to what he says shout tfae organia- faiWry beds which were never cool; for one act ■Cll^riffffF   '■      .•'"'"        '     '     '   i  i-T
tion of labor being solely responsible for the%skort- ef children were seat to sleep fa them as aeon ea m atgatfieaaf to-bfa li^fanal that timy were called
ening of faoun, the raising of wagea and tite in- the others had gone off to their daily or nightly "Conspiracy   Lsws")   against   e^nabtnattona   af
provement of the conditions of the fathering nraeea toU. . . 5ome tried to run away.   Tboae suspected workers, began to receive support.  Combined witfa
during the nineteen,, century thfa must be taken of tfafa tendency had irons riveted to their apkfaa thte faetor of outside Help to tfae worken
witfa aome renrvation.   The nmfa onad, strain of *Rfa long link* reaefaing to the hip*. . ."   Many ntent for improved coinStiona, tfae move
modern mechanical processes   of   produetion   fa *»*4 end eosamftted suteide, from tlifa brutal treat- received fadireet impetus through a new
themselves demanded that those laboring fa those ment "and were bnried aoeretly at night . ."   fa of great cx]mnsion of trade and commerce by the
processes receive s higher standard of Uvfag than a speech delivered in tite Brfafak House of Lords inereased use of steam power in production,  and
thrir forefathers of tfae more leisurely ocenpations many years after the agitation for factory legis- slso in trsnaportelWa over tend and sea.   Thfa in-
of pre-roaclifae fadustry days.   *lfae new fadustry lation first started, Lord Shaftesbury said:   '*"&. creased the demand for lafaor, and fa
also demanded a better educated working clan, the earlier period* of tim factory movement  I witfa tfae emigntiea novoneat
vlitatcver gains have aeerued to tfae worken ea waited at tfae factory gates to *** ** efaBdrea ditions aanmwfaat on the lafaor
account of time foctora, they have, however, not come out, and a rat of sad; dejected, cadaverous 1.4-tors, timreforc^ sssiatod fa tfae succcssn ef tiw
been gained without, tremendous end ounltlweita ereatarn they were.   In Bradford especially tim organized labor movement in Great Britain, sucfa
struggle.   The "Industrial Revolution" took tite proofa of long and eruel toil were most re-mark- n they nave been.
world fay surprise aa R were. The advent of tim afala. The cripples ami dfatorted forma might fae *fa porition b different today, however. Any
machine and Its rapid development pat new and numbered fay hundreds, perhaps by tfanpanoe A farther progress tim working class may make fat
drastic powers fato tfae hsnds of tfae manufoetur- friend of mfae eolleeted a vast auatimr tas^tfaer conditioned alone on tfaeir own efforts, on tfaeir
fag csidtalfaU while, on tfae otiker hand, witfa aha for me, tfae sfajfat wn most piteous, tim deformities OWB nnderstanding of tite aoeial problem and tfae
workers, R shattered for generations all tfarir faerafihfa. Tfaey seemed te me, each were tfaeir enerfy ^ wbJeh fay w<wk toirtrtt Ha aofa-
power* of resistance. Hsndfaraft preeesse* wen eroofced akapee, like a man of crooked afakaheta.'* u^ m**^ magt ^^ fat ^ expanaton of trade
kfOed fa the competitive straggle whh the new Saefa wn tfae state wfatefa tfae working dan of and comnieree ran be eonerived of that wfll allow
machine and the handfareftnett fast their fane- England, agricultural ae weR an faduetriaC faed a general improvement fa tfae ©ondRions of tin
/'neudenee snd were.driven onto tfae wage-labor been reduced to, genmatisa by generation, fa tim labor merket We are too productive for tfaat.
market. Women and children were now for tfae fortfce of toe nfaeteentfa century. But tfae fa- Curtailment of the productive powers of society
first time, on a large scale, afao to be found to vhafale happened, the de-aruetion of life and de- is now the normal mode of capitalfat produetion
still further add to tfae rigors of tfae uiaapriEfan genention entailed by such a preens began to for profit The faours^eiate are afl thrown fate
on that market. Individual resistance wn . ut up alarm sections of the eoamaunity other than those one camp by that fact. By that fact, tfae worken
against tfafa last new faetor but without avail. It directly fatansfad fa tim dreadful exploitation, wiB afao be driven fato another opposing camp
Wss a new intervention into the habits snd ens, and tfae ressRanee offered by tim enfeebled and de- by taking up the revolutionary position, that interns of tfae working elass snd they were repag- amraWaei worken to tim fas pari tiswa of tfae menu- dnstry, production fa general, nrust be carried en
nant to rending their women and children into the faetarfag ccaatenata snd tfae legal pnhifattimm (R for livelihood, U, pvodaetiea for
m ■■•-'■', - ">   ' , '        >     .-
,j... •':'..., .*■.'' • ■ - .   ;   ■       - ■     .    ■
 .. ■   ■■ ...,-. •    ,   # . ... •      '.•  ■  .    ■, ■     !       ■■' ■      af ■.■-■..•.. 	
>:■■■— .,'-  i   " ■"■   '   * .-' »■ "... '■:*.►.'
■   ■
PAGE Elsto
L«       '.
•mm** v ' :''Jm*j.~ ■•• jl'gf ■;a.~r'   " "r-.r'gaMI
Ten Minutes' Talk With the Worker!
doubt R is -tike
only so, but the Ysnkees an now exporting into   to apt What would be the net result far yen i
fa New-   Europe upon a seale undreamt of before tite war.   It   It would simply mean that,
r to permit you to efam> snd tint n aoow   ramed tin question of foreign  competition, ami   were,  *-
ecaaes to make a profit, ar not ss Urge a brought R to the front.
*****p ,eT*a****P wBmmm^^^l^^ wWm,^f*M*mm^-*g*9  VH  EernTV  MSw~~~~~?e. ana
afaafiSpn^^       know tfaat, omd cor- 8J** *- .t^^
tabily don't like R, if yon usid -swee stteaaten to '~.^ll!T.r
eeoiiomies-that study wfaiefa deab with tfae nam- aT?3r d™f ^^^5Sa^F5.Sa^DJ elaefamfap down and tim old game of looking
nm** in -hM. MtUk —■*• — * «srf afgat "■-—* maehnmry, ete, tfaat wta introduced (praotieeBy   IL"33£ .. w. ' ^^ w wiwang
'aaaa^ revolutionizing industry.) and consider thst other    «^ ^ • **.
many of tne diilieulties teat beset your pates n- ■ . -,    ■*        , .      Z -...a"""" You can not esra
...» . a -    m countm** were dome the same, vou can faave aome ^^ *****
m\mm*m*   mmm*mMm\m\    Tmmm   jLvatwjTLrLfim.   as*   saw   lnsassf   aaat iti muataatan •■■■•^•^   *ww»w,,"""■■ "*"*fh   -*•■-**   «■•«■•-«■»■  jwm  «.«■■   aassawaf   ■•-*111*' >j   —>-y -^-^      «.- ^ *■■•'•■»;   ->»   — „Aii*# a
,     ">    ," T: ^TTT. fc. faint idea of what fa really at the bottom of afl   ?*~*lm'nU *** eMe' ^#*^«•*■**•*&.■
you may have otmriwed—at laa It fa tone ,     •.   ■ ;( ^ -~n.   —«-._?»--^m^x*** —.-«► -.-«-
^telLW^mre tea compteto failure eeu *•■ ******** *****tott «**•<**
Uoked at IVoai a i
be n, since you and
"mfang always n a elan get fan than we produce,
T"^ T.''w""TOWr "Tyr    with tfae result that sooner or later there is bound
a-^-. ^^ iHki^L—  _
wrong to
small i lailli a
^*s^^*m**w. * ^^"^^^^^"-Jl^P;'
^T  -^^   *   \9*,*mmmm ^■**m*} the capitotists of all countries not only have ex- P1"8*"* **™**w ">to * ****** *ingle.
!ua?J !!i tilTno ^^on^naT^on? 'lBnan*n np*.;l-tata pnfarte faat faave raoh a ear- M^^M^mMk our class is enduring at
nraro, yti nen m am .^^^^ wa. t.ws* wnafs^s^ ••«,«,,. ^u eeameaasttea. present we sre paying the penalty for our neglect
ed prosperity whieh wta ssraauaed wupld aeerae ***2£%fmmW?^w "iLpia ^.  ■•-•           , ( nr -«,„«,„;- B-i-n-,    *„,- „-„„ ar. w««M- ..u
4*Jm .iT«.kniMii». W n.l.*—   PWa^siirand tfae Wk** »* eWtt*«e» *«*» «*.,**< tfae hone narketa ef eeonomic science.   And when |Itv Boover sajd,
from the rebuddmg of Belgium. I^aneeJ»dtto ^.^ ^^^ .. mwA not ^ -|^ ^j we the other day. that Europe must work or starve,
T^ffH^V-* V1^* m_T^-, „ are afl fa afffaenee-and comfort It simply means fae uttered s plsin truth. But he might hsve gone
^ vTnT fttwL fan ami future, thst, timnka to OOAperwj^ system of producing fnrther and explained to us how those who do all
naTsytaengeamnrnn ipniiiii rp sra-sw. ^gp^^g juw no%n*oaten to be found, .The work in Europe, snd elsewhere are always
ABiMj^.h apd n i»n4ndmn fa h^^
Of course, your good sense wfll teach yea to are turned abroe4 for eon^raete aM ordVrra. »»«no social service whatever can riot fa Iwjnry
laugh at tin fr«»tic effort* of tin press to try and Toto, nay,faave often been r^e^ when read- endean. I
put the blame on our ehapa who work in the ing in your newspaper sbout "our" expOrta end .**** ,^ of foreign competition fa a bdgy, a
nunes, rrilwsys and dsewherc, and who are manly iswports goteg up and down, and wondered wfaat nyduek, and yoU^^ would be win to turn a deaf
enough to resist being reduced to the coolie stage, it afl ssrant. Your coramon **lmrae-mmn*' tmefan esr to those who would set you against bur fai-
I refer, oi course, to the^^ sflly talk of German gold you thst commodities don't come of themselves to lows in other countries. Ton and I have more fa
and "Bed agitators,"—Bolafaeviks tfaey rati us, tfafa country from the other end of the globe. Nor common with our mates in America, Japan, Russia,
with tfae "•gr-T**w* tfaat tin tarn means tfae nan sre goods sent out from tfafa country to other eye, and in Germany than we have with our nana "Hun." Thfa ery of "Bolshevik" at present countries except whh a purpose. tive capitalists of Britain. When we appreciate
fa akin to the decoy-duck wadefa fa awed by tfmn fa Tlsiil ii TFI ill i that and clasp hands scross our fictitious national
who eo duek-liunting—i.e R fa a deception to ******** boundarira we shall be on the right road to gnfa-
divert your attention away from tfae tfafatgs tfaat Ob\ioudyf if commodities can be produced -^ tfte W0T\^ for tne W0Tlds workers. T. B.
*»,«.. ****"*"*                 * T    . cheaper in America, Japan or elsewhere they will - ,     ■■,-,■  ■-
1-Li.a.aa .ha^ia *m nftmm cut out sll others from the. markets.   The most ___-__^. _, _ __j*uL^
nowever, wnmn -m oner- IJSNINE PEACE TEEMS.
ed. and one not so highly
false, fa to be found fa tim
Foreign Competition.   They
natural enemy wee the On men,
though just as ^eent illustration of tfafa, and faow cheapness fa
talk about the god of rapitsl snd no respecter of countries,
to tdl us our wtu tea placing the other day by the Birmingham
]*„ Corporation of a contract for 1000 torn of sted
tajg. rail* in  America.    A similar case faappencd fa
jSu.a*-faa_l_-ai    »    -
n. wtreien inteifmw.
(From the "Manchester Guardian," Aug. 8)
fa now being tool about tfae Tankee worker u Glssgow a few weeks ago.   Thfa -Kerch for cheap- PARIS—What the "Humanite" claims to fai
urea told about the a—■—, ***- •** *-^**^ rrft- ***** ** undoubtedly one of the potent causes of full report of the recent interview by wireless be-
city for hard work facreasfag euiput, and, above international trade from whieh we get our terms teween the United Pren reprnentotives and M.
all  allegiance (another name for oV>cflity) to tfae "exports and imports," Lenta, fa published thfa morning.   In the eourn
American bora   Tfae worker fa America fa now ****** ****** iwtarns, then, classed under tin ef Ida statement, If. Imafa states tfaat fae fa prefacing applaaded to tfae sky aad offered n aa «- needing of "exporte and launrtB," afaatiy npro- pared to hold to fab agreement with Mr. Bullitt
ample for you and I to follow- otimrwfae we fa tout tfae mm of the tx^ttag fawatean ef eepitaBste nregsrds making pene with Kolchak and Man-
tbis country shall all go to tfae "dogs." ** "ndividaafa or oenpiufaa, nerhenn.   He recalls to the attention of tfae worid
~_^ .-'       k£_y^ Here you would do well to put^^ on your tnink- tfaat one of the clauses in this agreement, to which
An Effect ar a Oaase? ^ eap and hold R tigkt. faC still holds in ite entirety, fato provide for tfae
Certainly tfae quntioa ef "foreign emanatitfan" When our employers 'talk about "industrial ef- full payment of tfae debts of Russia to France and
aaa not be ignored. That wfaat you would do weR ficieney" you must  not imagine  timy are  ani- to other Statn; this on condition that tfae peace
to ciimJanr for a moment fa winner foreign eon- mated by disinterested motives, so far as your fa a fall one, signed and formally confirmed fay
petition fa net more aa effect tfaen a eaan when welfare fa concerned.   And if he boosts tim Tan- tfae five Great Powers.
the pieaaat state af fa lam rial aad face worker for his patriotism, how he never works *    Tfae correspondent asked him:   "Wfaat fa tfae
 hnrefay. on tfae "n'-ranny" prfadple, and an tfae rest of real nature of the activity of tfae ttavfat Oovern-
Pnvfaaa to 1914, tfae wiEalhfa of Great Bri- it you ran bet your boots "Mr. Employer" fan meat fa tfae Mohammedan countries outride Bas-
tafa faafal a vary streag |isiliia fa tite anrkets ef some fish to fry. rial"   M. Lenfa anrwered:    "This propsgsnda
the world.   Tfaey wen tim prenler exparten.   It When, however, fae fa unable to dupe you and fa exactly thc same as we are carrying on in tim    *
r were I fay such soft words at fae frotpmntiy ana  nay, Wn~timatfifan RepufaUn of our own territory. We
by ear than   aay   ether, usaalij fa tie uvea wfafle fae tans them   he sefaenea aad plans help with all our power every growing nationality   t#
worid, aad were made up fa                                                                                                                                                                                                         W*
to the vafae ef nan 000 TadBfaa terastod, for fattsnee, fa technical education; fa Aneriean brigands of capRaEam.    r'trrther, ear
wdfare work: fa Wfaitiey Gnaatitten; aaae Trade pefitieal aim fa to spread the fawwledge ef our
xports tfaere eene faaek, ia adaE- TJaiinism, aad all the devices fas* eaa think of, to own Soviet Censtitntion.   wfaiefa   fa   safortuinte
tioa to tim interest from espttal mveatod abroad, redaee to a udnnnum tfae unit-cost of production, enough to be more to tfae   taste   of   upwards of
imports to tfae vafae of aearly 800 nriflfan pounds AE than tiriags fan wfll plead are fa tfae national forty million inhabitants of the earth, among afl
fa tite shape of afl lands of food, raw netarfafa, ia*irn\.   It fa fant tin eld amen of pfayfag apaa colonial subject nationalities wfao are opprnted
aa afl, cotton, timber, ete.. and the many your cradefity aad getting you te do a btt more and without rights, faotii fa Eastern Europe and
*PJh- msnn foot sre.               • for aaa sane wage. America, over whom tim bourgeon "denioerutie"
Bat, thanks to tim war, .lattaiiaa faave aome- But aappaafag, n workers, we took oar mas- eonatitntions hold tiw yoke of smell rapltalletie
what altered.   It fa said tfaat foreign faiistmants ter*s advice and "did ear damnedest;" worked mmmiJIfas   thi!  fa tim great man  of working
faave ham realised to each ea extent tint from until ear ffageeaeib nam off, so to apeak; al- natives fa tim colonies ef Asia, Africa and so on.'
tite faojaaee being ■gelaet the usp'tslmt" of Aaser- lowed unlimited saacfafaery   to   fae   introdneed; . Iienfa fa eettikfant, however, toat Ws system will
tea the antes an tipped tim otfaar way, aad are worked all tfae kours God sends, gave free scope win fa tfae mere eourn ef events, and therefore
aapitalfato of tfafa eeuntry are  -aawiwnd    Not ken or the Japs oat.   What would R afl mean to fafa attackers, whoever tfaey may fae. ' '-ni'   !
' tar
'.   ■ mr .■:'"■'.. '  ..) ; '■ i***'m$§('
■   I •• " '■  - :-_.-i, *i
VOL.1   NO. 36
."■;• .;*fv>'
/Ceffi/s Le«er "A/HY
JLD XMmfwS m\.**m\wM*f 1 ■ ■ gWW,%y V*. ■■!«■■«■■ WMmmfj , I^M Tf
v^ciT-*^"--^^ °*-^-*."t5a-' S iirMi* *-*-*** '*"-••'-"•■••"■ *aal»^BSi ftSSP^I3i
:fanfcjna£Jta'~:& "
of the 2nd Battalion
rpili:RE are many signs which indicate that the   S^ST-^^
X     fOrtfaeonfag winter fa goto* to fat . reoord   f^L/T^
• M.^;.n j«.*uj -i.-^.     <ru nMU«i    ists.      lHoy nave,
lib fa wfaat he says aeent tim "Relief Expedi-
^ -w^wawasawf po-
" • ■.••
one for: Marxfaa educational cleans.   Tha proof   ' y   * e' "* 8unsrm* invectives, sougu
tint we sre going to edinse all our previous ef-   •?l4**-BUe *** *? -lnwmiigfag whet tiny rail 1
forts next wi£ey*hn ^.tvjmlmlffmm*   "fTtfiZmT^
.     _
S'55 ^1^S^!^*«t"
fa lest month'. Socfalfat Review, fa
-•—*•-    (io„...   nL'I'i*. ha« m«m ari.«n a. a cua-   *** KM' *** - "■—» ■—ha" »
fa a potent fact that neither Mr. MacDonald
n- y<
I wfafa to state tfaat fan doing I am actuated   the p,ebs league, the several Labor
^   any of his ilk has lifted a finger to assist the now
vigorous and successful educational movement on
ta..   S. L. P.,  and  many other kfadrcd  organisations.    beha,f of -^^tnulaat working dass ednratio^
timt my action will   ** ***&*-**- to the Labor College, which reopen*      Nevertheleas, the work has succeeded even bet.
af pnblie policy   11    nr i ~~ ————— *w —... —..w^.  wuvg.,  a-*w iwj«.m»
■%*n»'tr iiisfimfaaal puniltiia tid -*m   -*** year in London, there are several other col- tor than tfae moat optimistic had dared to hope,
i my future fa tfae army but 1 am pre-   fafea opening    fa   provincial industrial centres. ***9*tnmg toe demand for eduction on thc part
pared to take afl risks fa carrying out what  I   ^•"encster hss now Rs^Lahor College. Liverpool, ^l*0^* w* ****-.*** Suafay*s Observer
know to- be my-cTmty to niy eo-ntry ar-                OafaE*-*"* aam'ataWn -.                       have their col- «*iWfe« W*
lege* in full s-.. /eeks. With a little We are, fa feet, fa tite midst of e profound
t volunteered for service whh the North Bus- effort ***h*r CoReae* should be estafalfahed this cduratfanal ferment, tfae results of wfatefa wfll be
afan Belief Foree fa the sincere belief that relief ""inter fa Sheffield and Leeds. In South Wain. ve"T far-reaching. When public attention fa being
wn urgently needed in order to make possible the there were so many spplirations received from drawn to disputes and rumors of disputes, it is
withdrawal of low category troops, fa tfae last young Socialist miners to undertake a two years' vveI1 to remember timt there fa another aide to the
stsges of exhaustion, due to fieree fighting amid course of study in Marxian economies and history Labor movement. Amid the turmoil of tim in*
the rigors of an Arctic winter. that the Aberdare Miners' Federation decided to dustrial world and removed from,, public gaze
The wide sdvertfaement of tab relief expedition send sn additional student io'the London Lsbor there fa fa progress an educational movement
led myself snd many others to believe that affairs College thfa year. amongst working men and women of a very eon-
fa North Bussia were about to be wound up in an Then facts have deepjftottpmesed our financiers «<ieinble sfae. It is probably not an exaggeration
efficient ami decisive manner. Ami we were proud and tfaeir parliamentary automatons. Hence their to **? tfaat the number of adult student* wfao are
to be accorded tfae privilege of sharing fa sucfa an sudden awskening to the fact that revolutionary fa«lng sdvsntage of educational faeflitin pro-
undertoking. I wn pfaeed fa eommand of tfae eduratfan-"Bol*hevik education" they eorreetly *****■; through numerous voluntary agencies and
and Battalion of the Hampshire Regiment, fa the term it—fa sweeping it* way through tfae ranks of ******** * eysteamtie eourn of study fa greater
fay llrigadier-Gcneral Grogan.   the wage-ranting masses.  And fa Re sweep R fa *han tha number of undergraduates in the Uni-
gathering into its net the»most acute and brilliant ™™***** ** Great Britain.   People are afraid of
minds of the younger workers in the Labor move- */ioknt "Ration; but thfa educational ferment
ment.   *I*fa modern successful educational move- fa^wol revolution which is taking plan at the
ment on liehaif of independent working dan edu- P^-went time.'*
ration faaa been tfae work of the young men of the * So far n our educational movement fa eoncern-
Marxian Kehool.   For over ten yean they have had **- **« •**• only interested fa toe mental revolution
s terrific struggle against the eaunHaliat enemy, ** the first step in a proeesa which will culminate
and their task baa been made doubly arduous by in revolutionary activity.   The pren fa perfectly
of the "fateflcctual aneta" awsre of our aims and objects.   And the surprfa-
•jn*^***«'**nneni*i \          ■''■ fag sneeen of our work eompefa even a Conwrva-
Immediately on arrival st Archangel, however,
towards the end of May,   I at onn received the
that the poliey of tfae
R wn stated to be.   Tfafa
n tone went ea, and during tfae
aad July I wn reluctantly but inevRsbly   ^T'^JZ
driven to the fOBowfag wmdiawoas: T'""mH,
That tfae teaapa of tim Relief Force, wfaiefa we
. traateally dcmssmtistid early in July whan   tire Journal like the Ofanrver to *eknowtedge.,.
toid had keaa seat oat purely for o^fe-mrve   tIw BaalUM mutinied and murdered their British   influence n a newer aatidat tfae -iHftitHial foren
an, ware hwfag awed for offensre jiwrposra,   ^^ of today.   Wfafle iiaiiuating tfae work ef vaneaa
formed the onn nppet Govern-   edueatienal assntefas, tfae Ormernr aayst
"Nor earn we emit tfae work ef tfae Labor Col-
tare of wfaiefa
•™«r-      I formed tite opinion tint tfae puppet Govera-
m? ^V^**^8 ^   ****** *** *-* hj na fa Areaangd reated on iw Inafa
mr not allowed to b>ow.   My   rf p,,,^ anfnenn and niawrt *ud weaM fall lege and Ra propsgsndist ride, tfae Plefaa Leegae:
wT"**.                   ZZl   to jrtecn the moment tfae protection of Britfah The teachings of tfae labor College sre baaed upon
■Z TTsTlZH* ,T?-!Ta?!7Jlg^^   imyonrte wn wRfadrawn. toe theorin of Marx aad tfae aetivRfa. ef tite
*********}* *t*t"g^*j55[- ?1S      At tfae anm tisse I nw British money poured sn^,,, y^eague have been more ]mrtwnfarly won*
L*"*}.*** TJfTT     fi.T!2   ^ *• w,ter •,nd bl^**hs* BiAtfah hvn neri- cenfulfa sucfa districten Souto Wales and on dm
nL'S^               ET-JS-   |ked m ******* ** *-*** ^OTiU*m *W ******* Clyde where many elssses have been held.   Be-
keeping in power tfafa worthlen Government, and ecntly R waa decided to estafaUafa a Seottfak'Lafaor
I became convinced tfaat my duty to my country Oetiege on tfae linn of tfae Labor College fa Lon-
lay not in helping to forward a mistaken poliey, j^ ^ fhunced by Imfaor
[ discovered, what fa now a matter af eosmaon   »« in exposing it^ to the British public The vital difference between the
knowledge even fa Eaafand. tint tim araefa vaunt-       I ask you, Sir, to pubtish tfafa tetter, so tfaat tional bodies and every ether eefaestiowal
ed "loyal Russian army/* composed largdy of   ***-** in Ermfand may know tfae truth sbout the **£„> in. tote country En fa tfae difterenee bc
dicratJ fa khaki, wn Utterly   «toation fa Arefaangel and msy be able to take tween reaction snd revolution.   It fa a popular
always dfapned to mutiny, and tint R   "tops to right R. notion that education aanne progress.   But under
a greater eVaaar ta oar troops                          J. SfflEaEWOOlXEELLY, Lt-Cot. capitalism, wfaerefa everything fa perverted aad
to tfaen. thfa       Late Gnrneadfag 2nd Batt. Hampshire Bcgt. (Cfantinncd on Page Fhre.)
culaWe saerifien fa the great


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items