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The Red Flag Jul 19, 1919

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• >
ed workers
it fa their
Nationalization? I
rather than that
whether industries
.hall work for indivi-
of any other
'^^%knadbytia tew of \ewpetittou   fa w, epfakm tt would
alone, or whether they shall work   for   national    that, and must even go'
a a national asset wtth no   preferential
(Jerome K. Jerome in 'fOemmon Sean.'')
The thoughtful reader   might,   howaver, :     ^      . . n inmmMUmm ^ w
r forward.  He may aak, where,   1II !?*; n.^^^ fTTi    faterflwr'*"_*£,
t  Nowfane, if you rerily adopt   ^l^^^
progressive scheme, in place   of a   *? *** PnBt^arteten that "the men  idea of any
dissension" between ourselves   and our
complete nationalization would then, in
your opinion, lead to socialization of all industries!
stop   before
to a few individuate in the Stsi
"The object of nationalization should .
_ of the profits now paid to private sharers, fa order tiwt the workers fa industry may
enjoy a life of comfort ami enjoyment, instead of
One of unmixed drudgery; the consumer, tiwt fa
to ny, society in general, having the benefit of
tbe balance, either in lower prices or as profits
transferred to the general revenues of the community—....,
"In the capital account ride of industries, like
railwsys or coal mines, nothing can be gained fay
exchanging royalty snd rent "rights" for a stock
on which the nation has to pay sn annual revenue
ss Interest or .sinking fund,,	
"The working snd maintenance of "nation-
slized" industries should pay no profits to private
concerns or individuals, otherwise the scheme of
so-called nationalization must remain not only
a huge   farce,   but even a huge deception   and
"In nationalizing railways what do you nationalize f If you wish to repair or erect railway
stations, signal boxes, or bridge* you will go to
private contractor, and pay them profits, you will
directly, or through your contractors, pay profits
St merchants dealing fa bricks, stone, timber,
glass, cement, iron and steel, paint, and varnishes,
etc. If you wish to repair or extend a railroad
you have got to pay heavy profits to some steel rail
company. If you want carriage wheels or springs
yon have to pay a heavy private profit to some
individuals. To build. carriages for your "nationalized (!)" railways you will have to pay profits
to private individuals trading fa timber, iron, bran,
fittings, tapestry or lesther (for Cushions*) window
flam, lamp fittings, etc. So what are we really
afaout to nationalize, and where are we stopping
national money   from runnfag   away   to  private
dividend arrears!
"Similarly for coal mines, you will keep on pay-
fag profits on aB buildings, and plant required by
your collieries after what you term nationalizing
them. Ton will keep paying profits to dividend
distributors on coal cutters, boilers, pumps, haulage
equipment, electrical equipment, and every little
thing that a rolliery requires. Where, thai, fa rest
nationalization with any 'real economic object or
purpose served thereby!
"Now, suppose you do not sgree to any such
patchwork and deceptive forms of nationalization
whteh keep feeding private profiteering at every
turn. You will require to nationalize your railways
end co.1 mine* te such a manner that you will also
nationally produce all your requirements, ami
these also you will produce from materials, and
raw minerals brought under national posnnten
and not allowed to remain under private ownership.
Tour nationalised railways and mfawa will then
have the requisite number of nationalised Iron and
steel factories, glass factories, brick yards, electrical »n*J mechanical equipment factories, .11 under
nationalfaed non-profiteering eontrol, and all fa
their turn poesessfag national stores of raw. materials required. This, and this alone, would mean
an effective, real, and honest nationalization of
railway, .nd mines, the other being merely an eye-
wtth. If yon .re not prepared for tt, then plainly
voteeaufast tt, but not for .ny make-believe na-
tionallntion.      7, /   n' ■
"So far I have merely pointed out to tiw reader
what real nationalization ought to be as aasinst
patchwork nationalization of coal mines and rafl-
tion of industries is reached.
"In nationalizing a concern here and there you
do not eliminate private profit, in socializing tt you
leave tiw matter of control somewhat in doubt, and.
a conflict between the producer and consumer
remains, in the Sovietization of industries you not
Only solve the control difficulty, but you harmonize
the interest of the producer and'the consumer within a given soclety_r:»* ij
■ .1  ■   ■
- -
$%&?■ '
(From the "Drily Herald," June 2«.)
"Ball Cartridge Only" in the Event of "Btote."
On the 13th of last month we published the now
famous secret Army order, issued to Commanding
Officers by the War Office in which the following
information was sought :—
Will Troops in various areas assist in strike
-breafafag!-'--^';■'>-,', - ...\.
Will they parade for draft to overseas, especially to Russia!
Whether there   fa   any   growth   of Trade
Unionism among them!
• The effect outside Trade   Unions   have on
Further secret Instructions hsve now been published, for the text of which we are indebted to our
Glasgow contemporary the "Worker." These we
print below.
The Government's "explanation" of thte latest
exampte of militarism will be awaited with interest.
Parliament meets today and unless some explanation fa volunteered, tbe Workers of thfa country will iook to the labor M.P's to raise the matter
in the Houre.        •
Ins recent issue the "Aeroplane"—which ap-
parently regards strikers u "Bolsheviks"—asserts that the Boyal Air Force
. . would have but little mercy on a Bolshevik mob if once let loose on them wtth bomb
and maehirie-gun . . . the R. A. F. pilot, and
observers have, had much excellent practice during tbe German retreat in operating against mobs
on roads and fa streets.
In view of the shove the Air Ministry Weekly
Orders (1380—-1433) provide interesting reading.
On page 23 appears the following illuminating
paragraph :—
961. In the event of a disturbance amounting
to a riot, the magistrate present wtth the troops
wili, if circumstance* permit, read the Proclamation under the Riot Act and   call   on   everyone
■*-      - - -  -- ■*    Zmm. ■      ■       *      m. • mmM-l:mmmm^mmmmk-mmmm\mmm mmm      OBVa   -mUmmA-'      'mmtTw* SBiAUB SSlSS
present in anw* nemmensrag taerm*. w newer
the Proelamatiou haa been read er not, he wfll
as soon as he eown to the euuclurion that tite'
police can not cope with the riot and that military action fa me—My, call upon the officer fa
command of the troopa to take action. No order
to charge or fire should be given until the magistrate has called upon tbe officer to take action.
An order to fire, if given, fa to be given by the
officer fa command.
No. 962 fa equally interesting:—
961 Full and distinct warning must be given
. to the rioters that the troops sre about to fire,
snd thst' the fire wfll he effectual. The officer
shall. If time permits, consult   with   the msgfav
present Allies aaa not exist in thc future "Greet
Britofa," Mr. Lloyd George declared, "wfll alwaya
remain the faithful ally of France alwaya." I beg
Mr. Lloyd George's pardon, not "alwaya." He arid
"alwaya" at first, but seems to ban ehsnged fate
mind and limited the period to fifty yean from the
present date. I am sorry he did .that. It stitt
leaves the more distant future of the world unsettled. But one must not sin one's mercies, aa
they spy up North. It fa something to have human
affaire guaranteed against all fluctstions of the
human, mind, if only for half-a-eentury. I am old
enough to be able to look back on the half-century
that has just passed. Let us take a bird'a*ye View
of it. It should niake us grateful to Mr. Lloyd]
George for securing us (till 1969) from similar
fusion and uncertainty.
Only a few years ago Russian men-of-war
sinking English fishing boats in the North See,
Feeling ran high, snd w. wen on the point of declaring war against Russia. Turn years ago she
was our beloved ally, the steamroller. We are now'
railing for a volunteer army to invade her. Twenty
years ago our press wtt holding up the Boers to
execration as fiends fa human shape. The. columns
of our papers were filled with stories of the atrocities they had committed, and Lloyd George narrowly escaped lynching at Birmingham for not
joining in our hymn of hate against them: They
are now our gallant comrades, and, according to
Lord French, they had always been fine fellows.
Twenty-three years ego we were on tite verge of
war with France over thc Fashoda trouble. Tha
Daily Mail was urging us to "roil Franc*
mud-" take her colonies away from her, and give
them to Germany. Twenty-five years ago Lord
Salisbury and Jn<*faamberiafa wen touring England, advocating an. alliance with the Kafaer. A>
popular novelist wrote s book picturing the forthcoming war between England and Frann. Victorious France had swept our Navy from tiw nee,
and we were in danger of bring starved into sub-
minion. From which calamity we were saved in
the last chapter by the generous and timely coming
to our aid of the German fleet. Lord Northeliffe,
then Sir Alfred Harmsworth, thought highly of tha
book and wrote a preface to it.
As a young man I remember seeing tiw late
Charles Bradlaugh, streaming with blood, fighting
hfa way out of High Park. He bad been so "un-*
patriotic" as to protest against our going to war"*
in support of our theni'dear friend and any,"
Turkey. The crowd was then singing, "And Bus-
sis shall not have Con-stan-ti-no-ple." About that
we were (then) eternally detormined. The first
war 'talk to which I ever listened (I have heard a
good deal ***•} was the demand of afl true Britone
that we should sink the American Navy as the only
proper and becoming reply to Waabfagton'a out- j
rageous behavior fa nnnection with tiw Alabama
business. We will ny nothing about the yean
preeeedfag, when France was always "the enemy,"
when Nelson urged tt to faring up our children to
hate every Frenehman^like the devil; end pubUe-
homws were springing 'up all over England twined
after the King ef Prusste. Perhaps tt nun think- I
fag of then things that made Mr. Lloyd George
finally decide to limit hfa forecast to e men f
years. The win man don not prophecy too tor.
916. It te undesirable that firing should
famte €*m the heads of tfn liotort or that
osrwmgaa maswn *w assou
We withhold any comment, penning tiw officii
trate present as to tbe best weans of giving sueh explanation—which wilt wc think, need to be verj
warning. watertight to convince tbe public fa view of em
But the following paragraph fa even mom note-   earlier 7
NEW YORK, July 16.—American Distinguished
enri French Croix de Guerre, won
soldiers fa France, are obtainable   in
for the insignificant sum ef
(Continued From Last Issue.)
Kolchak s position always has bean, and still fa,
' very insecure.   When he appealed to the Afltes for
help to "Restore Isw and order,''   the
* with avidity, not that they
proprietors    explained that
lean sold by soldiers who felt the
; but ware fan proud to bag.—-Van-
** Jury 17.      '
K. Churchill, the offspring of both the British and
American junker-class, fa urging the formation of
a new political party fa Great Britain, a Coalition
of all Capitalist parties, to fight Bolshevism. By
thfa, w no doubt he means the working class
The. issue becomes clearer, and the
ivfaion an drawing tighter.
now what thfa Bolshevism fa," suddenly said one working plug to another, while reading
a paper during the dinner
means   us,
"It fa not as an individual that man fa heir  to
the ages, butaaa aerialbeing. Let him stand alone,
n» usujne. us*ay ■wpflfen*WHna*^*nanr .war w^^nae. ™""enmw*j"swp """ynuawu'. w*:.-jpas'*ss,u
pitiful forked radish fa the civilized roan of today.
Bven wen he a Prime Minister" he would find that
in the struggle with brute facts Hfa Right Honor-
asfahship Wtt,of no mom account- rather less in fact,
than a naked savage. Without human companion-
.hip, without mutual aid, he would become a gifa-
•bcring idiot"
Signor d'Aragona, speaking for the Italian F<
oration of Labor at the Southport Conference, made
Mm atatauant gravely, that the situation wm such
in his eenwtry, that they must not be surprised if
la a assort time there might be a Bevolution in
Italy- end tiw shedding of blood. He belonged to
the "Bigfat" wing, but he nw no other, solution.
"Common Sense," London, Bug, points Out that
It te precisely then districts fa which the Soviet
system has own bean established, then overturned
fay the Whites, end afterwards cleared of them.
That Bolahvfam te moat ardent; that give the larg-
quoto of soldiers to the "Bed" army.
'X- .-.   ,.    ■ ,.■..:' •■' ■■.)'  :.f' :-l'A. hi  ■
Theodore Boonvelt was onn asked how it felt
to be a greet man. '•Well,*' he replied,   "I hare
just been reading some geology, and that makes
you feel thst the fsme of all the famous men that
ever lived is a very small thing."
■.I jmi
The "Daily Herald" reports " that college men
fa Oxford trniversfty, England, are starting a
mags line to be run on lsbor and socialist linn"
The movement te growing from the bottom up.
The Winnipeg Trades and Lsbor Council voted
In favor of the 0. B. U. This action nys thc prem
oumetoh eomm aa a shock to these who thought that
the O. B U. had been killed.
The average life period of a native of Indie te
H yearn, due to onri-etarvatten. That of England
40 years and that of New Zealand 60 ream,
"I claim'* said Abraham Iincofa once, ''not to
have controlled event*, but eoufess plainly tiwt
events have contrefled me..
tiw only ones who were really fa esraest or h.v.
done »riy fighting. Japan ha* been given just recently, a sphere of fafhwnce fa Eastern Baueri. ae
a reward for nrvina rendered, and tt a bri* fee
further services. But Eastern Siberia wfll fas sn-
eared for   other Korea for Japan, for the Koreans   .re in .
him iir fate troubles, hut because they nw mi  op-   «^*w g j*jfe*«M$#MMr .
portunityof letting a foothold fa Siberia, a thing   «* T ******** yoka-un Asiatic edition of Eng-
iVn* dJL £ tJn.    Th«vs,„t.l.rfoW«f    tend and Ireland.   For the rert of the Allied troops
long desired by them.   They sent . Urge force of   ,. .    u^-^   t      t  ■       .... ..    -Mwmmm   M„
men, wfao have done the fighting, together wtth tiw "" S^^
Creche and Cossscks.   England has rent supplies r^S^^
of uniforms, arm* and munition, and has footed the WJ^&MfrmS^ »,%*^
bill with regard to the Cmiadian Expedition. But .M^l^g1^*^ ** «° ««»  U*J
fa spite of Bnglfah gold; mid   BittfahTouwdian,
American, French, Italian. Czech, Cossack, Bussian, VJ- «r.  a# w.*2 tWt"; „.. :_?._■ ^"Z
Japanese and Chinese troops, faiyawak's power is Vef .* S'Sftal^^S^^^^^1
niL for h. can nri ^ ? »*"*>j£ g fe «*  *«*"*  *******
wtth great difficultrthat tiw TransmerteT line *** J? ** ^"^ JUT *****?**  L*  ***
fa kepTopen, snd wlmmZZi^w^^ ^ntl\mZ\!m\&£"p^iu?**£
tttto^rnsslongit. Hfanewnmbflfaedairmyfa tt« J*0]?"** " **
pond of men between the sgn of 18 an*40. Sinn ^^^J*^ *"** wt*r** *********
anyone refusing to be mobflfaed fa shot, he fa gat- *"*^**^"*** ****y they ram*
hering fa all the Itofahevika, and several of  them affijffl.^W ** J*17 ,ow* whm  ** ■**$**'>*
to me that they did not at all object to being V** -* J«toary, the rouble, whieh was originally
'and being   given   arms and ammunition, |wo_*h *\**-**> had dropped to IS cents, end early
and when the time comes they know  what to do ta fM ggy?Wm ****** ***** caused a
with them.   If the statement fa the capitalist press, Duu*> *** Jtounansiefusfag to take their own pa-
to the effect that 40,000 of Kolehak's army has re- pJL*JB®B,y with ■****■ ¥*■' *°****y   *****   anna
ectttiy been captured by  theBolsheviks,   is true, f*~*r   however the financiers manipulated af-
then the fact fa, that they just gave thenwelvn up. W**>M wme '.W ******** *** ****, tor the neat
Although perhaps at the time  of the   rerolution f*f. rt ^SHeW1 *** *-*'l*****'**!**** I
they did not realfae what Bolshevism meant   the J*,feTe W Bofahevika hen since abolished money
taste of freedom and real   Hfc,   followed   fay thte ^^ m*t*1*** *****
reign of terror of the eounter-revofatkm, has made '    •** Bolahcviks have an overwhelming majority
them realize that they have something to fight for. * *-***** **4 an fast organising   themselves, al-
that Bolshevism * the only way to freedom,   and tho*** ***** -* * T«y dangerous and difficult thing
intend to   fight   till death.   Their   fatenn to do at pronnt.   Still secret societies are  faring
hatred of the Cnehs. Cossacks and Jsps, add fore* formed, and men are going   to   the   eountry ana
to tkeir arms snd detemfaation to thrir wflfa. On iomhxg the Bed army, n that before long, I  feel
the withdrawal of troops, whieh te likely to be very ******* *** * deterwined sttempt wfll be made to
soon, (according to information I received just be- -*** Siberia from the tyrany and oppression of Kol-
fon   Inving   Sifaeris,)   Kolehak's   semblance of **** and hte band of ssussfas.   I wu interested
gone, and the Beds will sweep every- Mm* statement made in tiw capitslfat press  the
day, that the Crechs sre getting Bed, and
must state that nveral compsnfas went over to the
Bolsheviks st the beginning of the invasion, whilst
others wire half-hearted fa their fighting. It .fa
quite impossible for any body of men to be fa Siberia, fa constant touch with the Bolsheviks, wtth'
out becoming 'contaminated,' and I confidently assert that the expeditions of the Afltes. have done
more harm to the capitalist elass fa their reapectire
countries, thsn could hsve been done in five yearn
of propaganda.
Those of us who wished to do so, after establishing our good faith, were able to get right among
the Bolsheviks, so learning the truth about them
and their ideals, snd seeing whst they had done
and what they hoped to do. We were csreful to
spread the knowledge thus obtained, judiciously
amongst thc other fellow*, and-it fa certain that tiw
average soldier taking part in this expedition will
be inclined to sfate wtth thc Bolshevik
rather than wtth the capitalist claas when tiw
war comes to a head In the respective lands, in
which they are privileged to fac wage riavn. For
my own part I went wtth the object ef obtaining
information and knowledge, and I got quite a bit
It wn . disappointment to me tiwt I did not ott
more ot thc country, but perhapa I should not ban
learned much men even if I had gone about mora.
In Vladivostok one came earns all nationalities
and dsssea, and if one could overcome the language difficulty, whieh I fortunately waa able to
do, fin one can using my knowledge of Latin learnt
at school,) snd if one used judgment mri discretion,
a whole fund ef information could be ofaained.
I.am indeed gratful to the British Government
for giving me the opportunity  of thte
even if at time* than wen
them I feel sun. At present they
harran and worry the "Whites" and make it very
difficult for them to maintain communication between the large towns. In reslity the Whites ban
only got control of the Trans-Siberian
fsr aa Omsk, all the rest of the country
Trains are frequently delayed by finding that   the
track has been taken up. the tin and rails having
bean taken into the forest and hidden, fa spite of
toe fact that there te a guard alt along the traclK**
With regard to the Allied troops, the Jsps are
'v. i,1.:, 'ill...,■■;■'-"i.■ n-i'y ,v ■. ■■• •• - ' '■"''. r ■""■ '" . '.'•",| »'*•
The whole of Siberia (says a Soviet wireless mes-
ngc received Wednesday) fa in a state of revolutionary unrest. The population fa in a state of revolt Consignments from Vladivostok to Omsk ban
to be accompanied by armored trains in order to
urotect them against insurgents. Then insurgents
have become so strong that the Japanese, despite
their 120,000 men, are falling back.   .
The province of Daghestan, where Soviet power
wm established s few weeks sgo, has concluded sn
alliance with tiw Tehetehen Province (fa the Caucasus.) and both an conducting wsr against Deni-
n o-
M. Detera, a aperial envoy of General Denikin'a
Government, now fa England, stated in sn inter-
5!" wV^.9!^ *" wU<fc ** ^^ wtitid' ■* Vkw wia* en*nw|to*>..sau-WB^^        that Britfah sup-
plfas of aU aorta, from smsll arms smmunttion to
fully-equipped tanks, wen now arriving, and
already oyer 100,000 tons of material had actually
The teachers strike fa Italy te finished, but that
-of the priests te •preading considerably.
been disembarked and furnished to the srmy.   Be-
fore this summer wss out General Itenikfa's force*
would almost nrtafaly effect a junction with tiw   to be undergone, and I wfll undertake to use ft for
troops ef Admiral Kolehak,   somewhere   on   the   the benefit of the workers fa  thrir  struggle  for
Volga, fa. the neighborhood of Saratoff. emancipation from wage slavery.
\wsrnwosfameuBsawei met^^^^a( ■ 'ao*   aoouvij,
• in
:   •  '    .,          I .•.»■■•'■"'   ■•        . '
. m-w mmmmmmmm   -wmmmt       SB*BS« SSS»^SS»SSS WSBaSSBBS* ""•»"*'        ******
operation of natural laws. Wherever, then,
find evils existing in society, wc may assume lack
of adaptation or maladjustment. Thfa wo shall
find fa the substitution of produetion for sale in
place of production fat* us. Now tins waa n necessary and inevitable phase in development, given
the institution of private property; a fact, however,
whieh. don not prevent tt from lying vary close to
the root of every evil that afflicts society. Production for use fa a simple* natural and reasonable
process but production for sale—that is to aay, for
profit, te an iniquitous thing, conceived in sin and
begetting evil. Under a system of production for
use the law of division of labor operates to ensure
the necessary adaptation; to provide each individual with that occupation suited to hfa capacities;
to produce the skill necessary for the making of a
perfect product. Each one has pleasure in fate
work and is proud of the result. The increase fa
productivity provides a greater amount of wealth,
making for the general   comfort and well-being.
, ..
Tha "Laws
TBOSB who have been leading attentively
thte article wfll have observed that we
have been describing a phase of that universal process whieh haa been briefly but comprehensively
summed up as "a change from an indefinite, incoherent homogeneity to a definite coherent
heterogeneity through continuous differentotlon*
and integrations." This everyone will reoognfac tt
Spencer's statement of the process of development
—the tew of evolution. We arc not, however,
bound to accept all the conclusions that may be
drawn, and have been drawn, from the law of
evolution by many of ite high prints. While admitting, therefore, 'that the law as quoted shove,
te very highly cslculsted to inspire a feeling of reverence, L tor one, never weaiy of protesting
against the exaggerated respect so many people
seem to dfaplay for natural law. It is as if the
law of evolution, the law of Value and the rest of
them had slipped into the places left vacant by the
banishment of Jehovah, Son & Co; The present
writer; cheerfully confesses thst he has no more
respect for the law of gravitation or' the law of
value than, he has for the equator. A law, so-
called, is no more than a generalised statement,
more or less true, of certain observed uniformities
fa nature, which fa always subject to the tost of an
appeal to the facts. The process of development is,
for man, a process of understanding and, therefore.
of controlling the torn, of nature.   So mueh bring   rich through all the evils that flow from   pararit-
saftd, I can now proceed to speak of a law as if it   ism.   Clouds of parasites batten upon the   extra-
were an entity, which fa decidedly convenient   if   vagann of the wealthy and upon the ignorance >
nmewhat misleading. the poor.   Society livn fa an   atmosphere of lies.
industriously disseminated   by   pulpit, press and
The old-time watchmaker made a watch; he took
hfa time to it; he made it all and he made tt good;
he had pleasure in making it and he was proud of
it; ha Wtt a craftsman. The modern worker in a
watch factory spends ten hours a day pushing
littie^discs of brass under a die. He isn't a man;
<\Wa a thing. But, I shall be told, the factory
makes a better watch.. Thfa may or may not be
true but, I, for one, consider it s misfortune that
we should need better time-keepers. Time is no
object to a free man. The sun fa a good enough
time-piece for him.
\; Extent of Production Determined By Market. .
(From ''The Workera' Dreadnought")
As was mentioned before in these columns,
desperate fight fa now being waged to foree
workers in and about the mines to join up fate
union—the South Wales Miners* Federation. Ite
order to secure this result; the opposition of vested
interests in the various craft unions has to be met.
In the Week commencing June 16th, the Colliery
Clerks struck, but not in a body, for various
increases fa wages sad recognition of their union.
The attitude of the Miners' Federation waa net
sympathetic, an action which Way seem a negation
of trade union principles to the minds of others
than miners.   : /.■   i*\
The position fa just thfa. One of the immediate
and most important objects of the S. W.M.F. fa
the perfection of the organization by including in
ite ranks all grades-of-workmen helping fa the
production of coal.
If support fa given to toe clerks fa fighting by
means of their craft union they Wfll surely wfav
Then they esn point to their   craft   basis of   or-
The savfag in time proridnlefaure^ jgfjfa ^-fig m^ortim9 for ^^ ^rfr
condition for the growth and dessnumntion of cul-    dedtIction   wouH   fc
ture. Under a system of commodity production,
thc results sre different. The worker, 'by successive stages, has been torn from the soil, deprived
of hfa tools snd his skill, and reduced to s mere
appendage to a machine, whose only hope on earth
fa to be allowed to expend hfa life in the service of
the possessing class., Education, culture and art
have become the possession of .privileged few. Degeneracy attacks society ss a whole; the workers
as a result of poverty, misery and degradation; the
Limitations of the Law of Division of
All of which fa suggested by the remark I made
test week that I should now treat of the limitations
end shortcomings of the law of division of labor.
Allow me here to make three generalized statements:—
(1) The growth and well-being of an individual
or of a society depends upon the degree of harmony
or co-ordination existing between that individual
or society and external nature and between the
unite composing that society. Disease consists of
a lsric of such hsrmony.
(2) The happiness of the individual depends on
the free use of all hfa functions and the development of all hte faculties and capacities; on the fullest expression of his individuality.
(3) Under such condition the normal "product" will be a work of art. "AM fa the expression of joy in labor.*'
Now then, we hsve observed fa society tiw operation, of certain principles working- towards tiw
ends here est forth. We have seen the develop
ment of a humsnlty npafale of understanding and
controlling tbe forees of nature; strong in its aense
of rolidarity and in mutual helpfulness; finding
pteasure fa socfal intereourn and the fatorehange
of "den; men enuring to intellect and skflful of
hand, sble and wfliing to "rejoin fa the work of
their hands:" a society fa which art aright be the
common heritage of afl.
Instead of whteh we have the "abomination of
iniquity'' in whteh we are compelled to have our
faring and to which we «re only reconciled by those
instinctive manifestetiona of sociality and solidarity which persist in spite of adverse condition* and,
for some of us, by the cynical and fearful pleasure
we take fa deriding and fighting it
Time has gone long past when the state of human
knowledge would permit us to impute good or evil,
motive or intention to the torere of nature or to the
wrong, for obviously the
victory would have been won, not by their organisation as Clerks, but by ths help of the miners.
Therefore if the craft basis fa to be destroyed, tint
Clerks are to be shown that the craft union weapon
is of no use and must be abolished in favor of one
Industrial Union. It fa a truism that before any
human institution can be destroyed its futility
must be apparent. The withholding of supi
from the (lerks fa a means to this end. This
hss been fully justified by latter events, for
news has been received that tbe Clerks intend to
join the' Miners' Organisation. The Federation
will now he in a position to give the eoalownere a
certain time to settle the Clerks' dispute* snaT^faft
ictory, then the whole force of the organisation will he with thc Clerks,
To the vested interests let it be said that the
time has gone when the workers can be spat up>
into different groups. The advantages of such a
policy go directly to the employer alone.
To those trade unionists who   may be shocked
by the attitude of the Miners in   being willing, if
necessary, even to "blackleg*' the Clerks, remember fhst static principles can not guide the Labor
movement.   Conditions surrounding   us decide our
actions.   All these actions must faa considered tt
"jfena to an end.   Our ultimate end fa view fa the
socialization of industry   and one   of   the   most
important means to that end is   the organization
Am I hsve already mentioned, production under    of the workers by industry.   The   Miners' immc-
capitalism is limited and determined by the market,    diate end fa Industrial Unionism, then, if we have
increasing produetion resulting from the division   enough faith in tt, all means to that end are justi-
of labor and the use of the machine demand, an
ever-inewssing market. Only thus can the capitalist clan realfae tiw advantages of the efficiency
of labor. From thfa arise* the vicious circle in
which that clsss finds itself involved. Production
tends to outrun the means for disposal of the products. Foreign market, must be found; Still tiw
msehine develops and still the man of products
accumulates. Then tiw erisfa fa upon them, and afl
the evils inherent, fa capitalism are intensified;
.there fa unemployment and more poverty and misery; then ere strikes and walk-ante, and mete
trouble until, after e time, tiw goods arc worked
off and tiw wheel tekn another turn. Competition
between nations and faea*Berin for forcing markets
and fields of exploitation generate the imperialistic spirit, then there fa wsr and won trouble, and
the end fa not yet.
It httvoceurred to me, looking over thfa stuff*
that nmc of you will be thinking that we have
travelled a long way and got nowhere fa particular. Well, as the colored gentleman might say:
it* not so much a question of where we sre going
fled;  Even the blscklegging cf the Olliery Clerkw
fa justified on thst score.
Let us not quibble sbout the violstlon of lifeless
principles, thst were born when numerous craft
unman fa one fadustry were quarrelling about each
other', rights. Let us keep fa mind our goal, If
we have sufficient faith fa ite justice snd inevit*
sbflity we shall not be afraid to un sny snd every
means to realfae tt. ATI ebsnges in human society
violate cherished bcUefa. Tbe tetroduetten of
msebinery destroyed domestic contentment, faut
afl will agree that maehfawry can faeeomc a grant
blessing to humanity.
■I  ^^>——.—S————^—Si^SB»^S*—SSSST
1 ■   l  '"'  '     ■■        . "■■';      ■     '.».'     ,'•   •.•■■•',' ,     """.
M what we pick up on the way. Top know, tiwrir
tent inBy any plan to go to. We trerel along a
while, we nottec a few things by the wayride snd—
someone else carries on. I hnra notind that people who think they have arrived anywhere, usually
Way there, and they an an awful nuisance. I an
still on my way and ahall be glad to ban your
company next week or some other time.
-•' -■■■'■     i,V ■
  m mm m. tmm kmlSS*S^mMaam9
ameaemmr  ww msa^uavmw sBBBssB*Bssss*asssaaFsasss*
(From the "DaUy Herald," June 20.)
Today we publish further detaUs, furnished by
m sa*wfaf°k eorTndwlt' of ^k^'*wgtat
We call particular attention to tite document fan-
"* " ly following, which fa an official order con-
the treatment of oolitical urfaoners
^*^^M*      ^**$*******^**'m^^mMmW,,*  ^P^       BB^SS>SBW^^^B*SBBBB'    ^WSSSBBWSPBBBSSSV^^    i
of the Supreme Controller of Peace and
.   ^*m*- ********    mm~Wmj^*mMWmm-*kr     VW#>W VIIB>B       Wrm.     SS  v»»^^*      mmmrnvm^
tite Yenisei and (Fart of) Irkutsk Prov-
*" '
with bands
(From the "New ItepubUc," JtBy %)
. -m,m-:X' 0
E need to sssumc   that
propaganda consisted far
tion. Float a statement,
it floating; in the end it will sound so familiar that
it wUl have the feeling of truth.  Bat wu.
"Stolypin's neckties."   Why are they   not   frank
to put that fa tite show window instead of
examine the seamy side; end before we get a chance
to do thfa they are retired.   On thc inside of their
shop they have just one kind of goods, and   that
they keep in a safe whieh not even Archibald Stev-
blow open.   What   is  itf  The/ Tsar
anyone can now an far himself, if hn   restored; office, and lands returned to the arte*.
ne the various alien propsgandas   that   erata; the peasant happy onn   more   under   una
bean applied to us, the men effective exhibit   knout, tiw own conscious proletariat .domed with
• an armed struggle for gain.   * nifc*n degree of versatility.   Tho Italian itttj
'—-- fat nroiMnnnds relied on repetition of tiw raffs'
menta:   Italy's aacrifin  fa war.   Italy*, natural, afl the sneennwn of bogus samples?  Why do they
murder geographic, geologic,    botanical,    historical boun- assume that we would not buy?   We know a good
of administrative officiate (ic, tiw Militia', which ***-**   The ara^iment went stale.   But the   Ban- tiling when we sn it, even if we hsven't thc nire
facto* now appointed fay the Central Government— *-** anti-Bofaheyfa propaganda fa ever   faew   and aubtlety of then Russian dealers in fine warn.
aa the nqliee wen before the Bevulutioninstead of vurtouu.   °****** ■** ■■*****..:& t\mwmkm< i,,-1':.11*"
fay t>c*l organizations, as during the revolution. At first when we were in a white heat of hatred
sre not popular in the villages, and always get it against the Germans we were asked   to proscribe S
first.) .ndof priests . . all this has made it the Bolsheviki because they were alleged to be The eomm*nte of tin French Prem, as given fat
nece~ary to diverge from the general prinotptes of under German influence. But we were not aakpd >°^*,*m* "** W « j*** <* the picture. Tho
OBOrelttysrpBedtoaaeBaUayfa to proscribe the White Finns or the Ulcrafaian re- &****** inwers condemn the treaty as imperialistic
"The prisons are full of leaders of these mur- actionaries, far more evidently under German influ- fa ttt wont aenee. L'Humanite, (May 9.) wrote:
derers (a paper recently stated "there were 10,000 ence. Next an attempt was made to play upon our The war for right is over—at least on the West-
people in prison at present fa Siberia) I order the instincts of civil order. The Bolsheviki wen. era front—for at the other end of Europe, against
Commanders of flarrfaons of the cities fa the region' ^snarehfate," although they were at the very time' the proletarian Bepublies of the East, the war eon-
^**w \ ^wmwMpw^wwmm^mwwMMWwm^m^^Wm^wwmmm***
entrusted to me:
" (1) To consider the Bolsheviks and bandits detained in the prisons as hostages.
"(2) To communicate to me every act of violence
ar to those I have stated Ubove: and for every
taking place in the stated' region to shoot
8 to 20 of tin lecri lioetages.
" (3) To faring thfa order into execution by telegraph.
"(4) To publish it broadcast.
"Kill fa 24 Hours."
scourging the real anarchists out of the Soviets.
'Then, for months sn atrocity1 campaign was conducted against them. _ And they were fa fact guilty
of atrocities. - They put men and women to death
in large numbers, some on sufficient grounds, most,
we believe, on insufficient grounds. They meant
to strike terror into the. hearts of their opponents.
They deliberately added death to their stock of
implements for attaining their political objects.
That fa horrible. But who are we to cry out
it; we who are helping to maintain against
Bussia a blockade which kills in a week more persons, and much' more- innocent persons   than   the
illations riven to headquart- Bolsheviki killed through the whole period of the
s should not contain an estimate of the guilt of terrorf   We are using death as a political device,
i person.   Thfa estimate fa to be   made   by the using it with a vengeance*.   We may   be justified,
Garrison Commander, but the person and fastitu- but whether we are or not, pur mouths are stopped
tion giving the facte and accusations shall be res- from exploiting the charge of terrorism   against
ponsible for their accuracy. anyone else.   That fa, if we are. honest.
5. In cases of undoubted guilt the Garrison Com- When it became evident to the mssters   of  anti-
wander, upon receiving from me permission fa   a Bolshevik propaganda that the atrocity campaign
given can to shoot a given number of hostages,
shall communicate to me by telegraph only tite surnames, christian names, by whom, when and for
what they have been detained. Upon receipt of my
telegram: "I agree With the contents of your
telegram, recommending the shooting of No. ——"
to proceed to shoot the required number within 24
6. In doubtful cases; all the evidential material
in summarized form to be sent me by telegraph,
and in the case to await my confirmation of the
shooting of each batch.
7. Only persons detained for Bolshevism in gen-
crab or for sets, even although of criminal nature,
implicating them fa the present revolt, can be held
aa hostages. Simple ordfasry criminals (not implicated fa the revolt) are not to be included among
the hostages.
BOZANOFF, Chief of Staff
AFANASIBFF, Captain of the General Staff.
March 26,1819, Krasnoyarak.
Ton wfil.note Ho. T makes it quite clear tiwt it
hi political prisoners tiwt an singled cut for this
monstrous treatment. We used to criticise the old
regime for tenting polities! prisoners and crim-
fasls on the same footing. Thfa gun one' better. It
must not be forgotten that titere fa military law
' along afl the raflways, and in Gtesov snd Uralsk.
The Hungarian Atrocity "Stunt** died out
want of material, and also because tiie people
Ion gullible than formerly.
wu turning state fa a world surfeited with atrocities, they connived a new strategy. The English-
speaking peoples, according to the continental view,
are perfect fools on the subject of morality. Perhaps that nerve could be tweaked. Hence for
weeks they exploited the vile lie about the nationalization of women.- They exploited it until there
was no kick left in it., They have tried sfaee to
stir us io action on the ground that the Bolsheviki
arc persecuting the Church, but since all they can
prove is that the Bolsheviki have separated Church
and State and secularized education, we remain
cold. They have recently floated a canard that tiie
Bolsheviki are deliberately corrupting tiw morals
of thi children. Boys and girls are required to
attend the same schools, and • there are school
dances—ahem! Well, we know something sbout
co-education and are not greatly disturbed. Finally
they are appealing to our cupidity. They point out
to us the concessions available, the trade within
our grasp, when ''order fa restored in Busste.*'
Only recently certain banks, trustee* for Bnssten
loans raised*in tbe United States, have announced
that temporarily no interest would be paid on them.
But Kolchak may be expected to do something
about it later. At the same time tt was announced
that Kolchak expected to spend the bulk of $180,-
000,000 fa America on arms and munitions. •Where
will be get the l!rX>,00O,000T In America, of
course.  But we wfll get the profits.
What te there about our appearance, our manners,'our speech, that maktt then canny counterrevolutionary prcpaesnnfate think tiwt we ecu be
played for suckers T   In their show windows tiwy
0 I
* '1*3]
tinues with redoubled perfidy. As to the peace of
justice* thc most purblind and confident know today that it only fa in reality a peaee* of violence, of
rapacious Imperialism and iniquity. Thfa peace ii
a bourgeois and capitalist peace, and only the
capitalist and bourgeofa parties will ratify fa. Tbe
French proleteriat refuses ite signature forthwith.
In a few day, by its organized organs, it wfll rein
the necessary protest against this Bismarckian
treaty, which fa an outrage against thc right of the
peoples as tt fa against.the meet elementary morality. . There fa s question of setting up s commission of eighty members of the Chamber for the purpose of Parliamentary ratification of the treaty.
Whatever the procedure . . we can say that
no Socialist deputy could without total abdications,
ratify by hfa vote a diplomatic instrument whieh
history will consider ss a criminal breach of the
pledged word, as an offence .gainst morality and
"When a collective will grows plain, there will
he no blind thrusting into life and no blind battle
to keep in life, like the battle of a crowd crushed
into a cul-de-sac, any more.
The qualities that serve* the great ends of the
racr will be cherished and increased; the sorts of
men and women that have then qualities least will
be made to understand the necessary restraints of
their limitation.
Tou said that when men ceased to compete, they
would stand still. Bather fa it true that when men
cease their internecine war, then and then alone
can the ran sweep forward.
The ran will avow in power and beauty swiftly,
in every generation it will grow, and not only the
human race. All thfa work! wfll man moke a garden for himself, ruling notonly hfa Und but sll tiw
Hvtt that Bve, twntehfag tiw cruel from life, making the others merciful end tome beneath hfa
faand."-H G. Write fa "The Undying Fire."
  MP* Army.
(From the "Christian SetennMoattor," July 8.)
. . . "We .re not retiring before the mer-
eenary troop, of tite; Cneho-Slovak Impefteltete
We faave to do wtth the entire power of tiw greatest exploiter* of the world—thc French, Brttfah,
.nd American money kfaira, labor oppressor* 'ami
psaniiriitlliilteiiiio. We know U dictated peace fa
no peace, and we shall not lay down our rifle* because wo an defending to tiw teat drop ef blood
the proletarian dietatorahip.''
m A Journal of Nrnwd
■" a ■    V*M**k-
Devoted to the
8fc.   I
■ ■. ■ .
By Tbe Socfalfat Perty of Canada,
iri»' .v —
401 Pender Street East. Vancouver B. C.
- :■'".■
Editor   - -i i    M. ...i _ ii     i   *<, '.I i. ii.
•  • '     .        Xmt     '
.. .-.•   ■-.        . .     ..*** ■
jrrjLT 19, ltit
.gainst Europe, if the retettens between states
" Tw»^!nsl*to" i*?!l5 St**,or*
d on lines similar to those which have prevailed fa the past.
"Every human' device has been triad to stave off
in the past.   Treaties, alliances,   balance   of
power, diplomacy, have all failed."
The working class'of the white nstions may turn ; *?****, the Peace with honor-tiw clean
away thte wrath- sired fay capitalism, born of hate   indeed all than Peaces of whkh we have heard are
Six month, now have the dogs of
leashed, yet still their snarling fa the
ible sound throughout the world today. Orlando has gone back to Italy, and tite jingo
Pram of Allied Europe foams ink st tiw mouth at
Gneof War Already
Looming Up
Zip 111"'kept" prem is already propaganding for
X     the next war. Column after column appears,
fear and save civilization by abolishing predatory capitalfam fa their own countries, and n lay
broad-based and firm the economic foundation of a
world economy out of which internecine strife can
not arise and in whteh tiw nations may progress fa
harmony to higher and lose brutal planes of exfat-
stifl in tiw balance.   For as the war
to thfa unhappy planet alone the dogs of war have.
only one bone between them
Yet what fa thfa Peace of   whteh
much!   How wfll it affect the   Working   Claas?
('How absurd the writer fa,"   you   an
indicating Japan aa the new "Hun" inking world
dominion. This means, of course, that she fa already felt ss a too successful competitor, both in
the world's market and fat the business of exploiting those backward peoples who ere the natural
prey of capitalfatically developed nations.
the occasion for the latest newspaper propaganda
Her activities sn viewed wtth jealousy and alarm
which fa aggravated by a justifiable fear that the
npitolfat exploitation of the Asiatic fane fay tiw
"White" nations has bred hatred and hitter detestation of their rule and that thte feeling wfll
.give to Japan an advantage in organizing .
der her dominant imperialistic away.
It fa an old saying "that chickens come home to
roost*' Are centuries of ill usage snd oppressive
exploitation of the teeming millions of Aria fay the
white races to be evwaasa^yfeC there a law of compensation of universal validity f Are the Opium
Wars, the forcing upon these people, of huge slien
armies and of poliee officialism, the indeecribabhs
miseries, the deaths ef unnumbered mfllkwa
through the years by famine, falsely and hypocritically so-called, and in plagues induced by malnutrition due to thc robbery of the products of
their labor,—are these injuries to be repaid with
interest? If then were s just God, weighing things
fa thc balance and apportioning thereonto—! But
we have no faith fa the inevitability of the reactions of any such compensatory justice. On tine
earth at least, tiie wicked may flee from tiw wrath
te come—and escape rejoicing.
Last Sunday's edition of a Vancouver paper contained a good sample of the anti-Jap propaganda
gefag on here. In Japan, tim press fa also working
up tiw people then with anti-British-American propaganda So even while you celebrate your
hollow pen, the war drama are beating and the
fire-eating old men are nhemfag and getting ready
to rend the young men to the slaughter again. But.
peace lias been declared you say! And tiw League .
of National Nevertheless, we sre told, thst in spite
of that, twenty-three ware are still going on. Abo
listen to thfa from an article fa the Vaneouver
"The League of Nation," I hear you ny. 'What
do the furious and disinherited Turks, the wild Tsr
tans of the central steppes, the savage Afghans now
urming against us, tiw secret infante of India, tha
angry Chinese, the Japanen vafady claiming
equality, the proud Arabs rastive under
"mandatn" i-eek of the League of "Nationaf Ifae-
Heve fa the principle of tiw league, but not te*
hopefully, and for Ante not at aB.
We are lighting fires fa Aria whteh will be burning when this century dies, and even now none can
sn far through the clouds of smoke end fume.
(Our contributor*, ertiete   was written before the remarkable speech of Sir Douglas Haig
'. m%\ W O WL    M ^ ^i'^^Li        mmmmmmmmmm.      Shg^     ^toA^MBMh mmm     mm.      m^mmmmm^^m     mm.mmmm\.Thamm.mm.mm
■ to Bduiuurgn gave nw warning u very ausanra-
tive endorsement)
knows that Peace fa the
CIEXTIFIC Socialism fa the theoreticsl expression of the Proletarian Movement. And
as such ite literature should be the subject of
serious study for all who are interested in the
Movement, whether as anker, for an understanding of tt or tt partakers in its struggles. To all
partakers in these struggles devolves the labor of
educating the member* of the proleteriat ia thc
history of social development generally and of the
proletarian els** fa particular, and as to its position in present day society. The Confusion of ideas
whteh fa the curse of the working clsss movement.
to confusion in aims and objects arises
from a total lack Of or but a superficial un-
derstanding of that position in society.
To gain thte understanding n knowledge of the
economists of tiw capitalist system of produetion
fa essential and to the degree fa which that know-,
ledge fa spread among the working etem wfll that
class adopt more and* more a sou;.d, scientific and
clear cut definite program. The ignorant eon-
ftistonfate snd thc traitors within ite own ranks,
and the imported confusionists from without, will
Ion their power snd influence to deflect the drive
of the proletariat away from its true goal of conquering political power for the purpose of reorganising the economic fife of society on s new basis of
production, by and for tbe Commonwealth, -instead,
of capitalist production tor profit.
Send for the following pamphlets. Bead and
study them. Becommend them to your fellow-
workers. On economics read the "Present Economic System," snd for more extended enquiry,
"Capitalist Production.'*
Be an intelligent factor fa the social movement
Be educated, and edunte.
The Communistic Manifesto, at the rate of $8
per 100.  Single copies 10 cents.
Manifesto of tho Socfalfat Party of Canada . .
$6 per 100.   Single copies 10 .cents.      „ ■   •
Steve of the Farm   ..   t6   per   100.   Single
*w*m^^**m^*Mf sa^sa  w^^^^m^*m*
Wage Worker and Farmer . . *6 per 100.
Single eoptes 10 nuts.
aaTaaa. —    *M"*BW.»^fc^^fcat    *****Pa.^i^ba^^m'2.a    ^S^^^bA a^^^       a*Lh^»    aastAiaAd^iAa    ^Lur
vne rreseux wsoneuue rjysicm, uy iToieaser w.
A. Boager.   ,*'."..- *M_ per 100. Single eopte* 10 cente.
SccteKsm. Utopian and Scientific.   Single notes'
IS cento.  Whalonte price, later.
Capttalfat Production, bring the first nine chap-
tan ef Vol. I. Marx'. Capital., Single eoptes, neper
rover, 80 cente:'' doth bound, $1.00.
Kolchak. Autocrat and Tyrant The actual story
of Kolchak and hte methods told by sn American
official recently returned from Siberia. Wtth thfa
te included. Anti-Bolsheviks snd Mr. Spargo. by
William Hard- Taken with apologies from tiw
July 9, "New Republic," 5 cent, per eopy. .
PestagePrid. '. . ;. v
sen, 401 Pender Stent East, Vaneouver, B. C.
tiw   dead!
"Will tt reatore sight to the Wind, Unfa, to the limbless? WjljSt strike off the shackles of slavery that
bind the proletariat T Will it demolish the sunless
slums of Bethnal Green or make it possible fur
women to obtain bread without selling their bodies?
Will it prevent future War? If it will not do then
things it fa no Peace for me
Peace to me means the end of w.ge-«l.very. Tha
abo""tion of private ownership of tite means of produetion snd the nsssiifg of them into the hsnds of
thon who produce. It mesns the creation of a
and beautiful world by the overthrow of the
of soeiety which makes w.rs snd widows end blind
men. . .
But, perhaps, I em exacting, think you. Maybe
I am not satisfied to remain a slave on the promfae
of a Peace which* affects my sl.ve position not at
all. Ton ere. Ah. well, perhaps I am only a Socialist after all, and you are—well, what an yon,
friend t I have heard you call yourself a Free Citizen. What are you free to dot Can you ' exist wttfa-
out selling your labor to a master? Hsve you
ens-to thon very tools even with which you
fscture the wealth of tiw world? What
of that wealth do you receive back in exchange far
you labor power? Is it enough to satisfy you. don
it suffice-to clothe, feed and edunte your children,
aa you would wish, them to be clothed, fed and educated? Or are you not forced to send them out on
the labor market at the very earliest moment? And
suppose you can not find s master to employ you,
don not your boasted freedom resolve itself into
the freedom of starve?
What, then, if Italy doe. have Fiume? Wfll yon
or the Italian worker be any better off? If tin
German colonies be divided between the Allies, wfll
the German workers be thc loser, and the Allied
workers be the gainers proportionately? Not a fait
of tt! The capture of foreign markets ss the nsult
of war mesns nothing more to you and me than the
continued exploitation of the wotting elass. Ton
Wear two gold bars snd four service chevrons, yen
have fought and raptured cities in all theatres of
war, but if you can not find a master to employ
you, you must starve. But was noj, that your position before tiw war? H, therefore, the division of
territory, the readjustmaBBof
the "reparations, indetnflrae.
antees" do not alter-one fata tite slave position ef
tiw international proletariat ef whieh yen en n
member, why fa tbe name of Benson do you worry
yourself .bout them?
In exmermeou, if pan ana faterested fa Wert* .wag' ■■
not take an interest in your
War—and join up fa the ranks   af
Tl^ —A—— —   ■   ■■■!■■■ ^^■fsVaW        ^^^^BSt^K       mmmi
i*arty, orgaunae wna your i*
politically to orertarow twpJtaBnw wfaw fat hi a any
wan and hollow peaces, awl to erect fa  fate plan'
the Socfalfat Commonwealth. 8. H. 8.
theatre, earner Gore and Btttinge, 8 p' ;      ^  .
Latest Allied-Am.
<**rom the Hew York "Natfan," July IB)     '   out any dfatinction.
and that that memorandum waa in the handwriting
qrvi IK NATION te enabled to gin to ite
^j|B£'.'''   - .•"••tt' Wnnt"""b,"wilfc WA uiv umnv*a|p "B*Mm^-Vu''|p^^B'f^ anwsnft
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of tha United States and tite AL
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lied Government* with Busai* which has yet appeared. It'is a wiratem statement fasued fay tim
People *s Russian Information Bureau fa Budo Fast
after Be receipt early in June fay
Moscow over the signature of the
and it makes the direct and open
Lloyd George snd Colon
a new nt of terms for a peace conference in
aia and for an Allied peace wtth Bussia.
statement baa been published fa England, but so fat
tt The Nation fa aware, only obeeurely there. Wo
give tt in the exact form, it reaches us, evidently
somewhat injured in tiw double translation, but
nevertheless telling the truth:
It fa now evident that the Allied Government*—
although professing to have abandoned the idea of
military intervention in Russia—have, fa reality,
never changed their poliey, and ere eeeretiy pre-
paring, underhand, a new attack en the Bussian
Sovtet Government. Under the pressure of working-class opinion, the Allied Powers have in the
pest made several peon proposals to Russia, but
tiwy ban always formulate"! impossible terms.
When the Sovtet Power, to defeat these manoeuvres, did findly accept these   terms,   tiw   Allied
to the world that thrir
rejected. Thfa was the policy
followed both with regard to the invitation to the
island of Prinkipo and to the proposal of Nansen.
Concerning the third peace offer, the Allied
Powers thought it beat not to give any public information, because, in thfa esse* tiw acceptance
their proposals by the Sovtet Government could he
proved by documents. Thfa proposal was brought
%, to Bussia by the American, Bullitt, Captain Pettit
asttthe journalist Steffens. The Soviet Govern-
mjenf, at the Bullitt express request, reluctantly re-
strained its desire for an immediate publication of
.sueh terms.'
Now, after the resignation of Bullitt from the
Peace Delegation at Versailles, end the eonthnmd
attempts made by the Allied Governments to overthrow the Soviet Power, and in the fun of n further shedding of blood, the Soviet Government publishes to the world thon peace conditions. They
were drawn up by Wilson, Colonel Hone .nd Lloyd
George, mid wen sent to us through Bullitt.
The Allied Government, invited sll the Governments redly existing in Russia to a new Peace Conference upon a basis agreed upon by aD tiw Allied
Powers, leaving only details to he further arranged.
The Soviet Government made eome modification*
and these were accepted by Bullitt. The open in-
vitatibn should have been sent out on the 10th of
last April.
Since it waa not the desire of the Allied Government, reafly to faring about peace, but only to bide
from their peoples the continuation of the war, in
the hope of finally ruining Busste, the
was not sent
The prindpel points fa the Allied
An armfatfae to be declared on all
whilst the Peace Dctegatn wen
6. Afl the shove Russian Governments to grant ef Philip Kerr, private secretary to Mr
full end complete amnesty to political opponents, George. That did not prevent Mr. Lloyd
soldiers included. from stating, fa reply to a question fa the Bouse of
7. The Allied troop, to evacuate Busste. Commons fay Mr. Clyne* asking aa to "approach*
8. Simultaneous redaettea of the Soxiet    and of alleged to have been m«de   to hfa   government,'*
tiw «iti4!ovtet erode* to peon footing.             . from Busman sources, "I think I know what  my
9. All the shove Russian Government* to reeog- right honorable friend refer* to.   There   fa   some
the financial obligations of the former suggestion that an American came back (from Buaste.)   It fa not for me to judge the value of
Freedom of residence and movement   ef all
parts of Rush*.
on of all prisoners of w*r.
America were to guarantee the observance of these term, on the pert of France.
Although the Red Army was then on the eve of
tricing possession of Odessa, the Crimea, and tin
Don region, the Soviet Government was randy to
aceept these terms: to accept the status quo; in the
certain hope that the inhabitants of the*, parte of
Russia net under the Soviet regime would, sooner
but if tin Preddent of the
any value to them he
them before the Peace
uv •' f' ***** nue a double prevarication
to the House of Commons because he was not only
aw.re of the htarr memorandum, but breakfasted
with Mr. Bullitt as soon as Mr. Bullitt returned
from Bussia. Still he denied that Mr. Bullitt waa
on any official mission.
tt is further of interest to know that Mr. Bullitt
himself drew up the Nansen correspondence with
or later, withdraw their support from their reac-    the Big Four with the exception of the   reply
tionary and monarchic Governments.
The publication of these proposals
more the hypocrisy of the Allied Gov.
expose* the lie that tt wss the Soviet Governme
which refused   to cease   hostilities.   The   double
dealing of the Allied Govei-nnwnt* has but mw result, that of closing still further our ranks- to fight
to the bat, .gainst the unholy alliance of small and
the Council of Four to the Nansen proposition,
whiefa the Big Four substituted for Mr. Bullitt's
draft, setting forth substantially the conditions
cited above.
• 'The above publication recall, the fact that The
Manchester Guardian's Helsingfors correspondent
s* far back as May 27, naked who had suppressed
Lenin's radiograms in which Lenin accepted the
big Imperialist Governments in thfa attempt to en- \ansen-Bullitt-Lloyd George-Wilson offer and ask-
slave the workers mid peasant* of Busste. ed for the naming of delegates.   Thfa publication
The Nation itself fa in a position,   through   fa-    moves once more bow indebted the world fa to t'
formation reeeived direct from Parfa, to state that    l*nin Government for throwing a little daylight
tiw above facts are accurate, that Messrs. Bullitt   upon tiw tortuous secret diplomacy which has gone
and Steffens did take a memorandum into Bussia    on and fa going- on in Parte.
The French Strikes
Paris, and indeed, most ports of France, te at
present in the grip of a moat serious strike movement. On Monday nearly 300,000 metal workers
had come out on strike fa the Paris area, the immediate cause being the attempt by the employers
to reduce wages when the new eight-hour, Act came
into force. In the north, 80,000 miners en out.
Next day the Pari, tube-men came out, soon joined
by the 'bus and tram workers, and by Wednesday
no lem than twenty-seven trades in Parte and the
provinces had joined the movement.
The main reason, of thte movement, which is
spreading feat, but n far in a completely orderly
fashion, are high food prfaes (the cost of living had
rteen fay tiw end cf 1918, according to French official statistics, no ten than 292 per cent above the
pre-war level,) the onlay fa demobflfaation. and
the continuai.ee of war. One-half of Paris dines
end dances while the other half suffers French
soldiers are refusing to fight in Bussia. The lorn
of Odeasa was admittedly due to the refusal of
soldiers and sailor* to fight tiw Bolsheviks and the
U & T. fane extracted a promfae from M.
ceuu that they wfll be withdrawn. But
Tabor knows tiw value of the pledges of
num. Behind the general lsbor unrest
in tbe present strikes fa s growing
.gainst the policy of war again* the
Republiea. On Tuesday, the French Socfalfat Psrty
fasued . strongly-worded appeal to agitate in all
possible ways' .gainst the poliey of intervention fa
"It fa to sction," declares the manifesto, "that
the Socialist Party calls you today. In England
the industrial Triple Alliance threatens to down
tool, if tt dott not obtain the immediate recall of
British troops fa Russia. The Italian Socialist
party fa proposing a msss movement to our three
proletariats. The French working elass fa preparing for it.   Thfa fa no mere empty menace.
"To save the Russian and Hungarian revolutions, and wttfa them the possibility of your own
liberation.- romradm of tite Industrial and Socislist
movements, hold yourselves ready to respond to tbe
appeal of your clam organizations!"
1. All tbe Government* formed within tin
ritory of the old Busman Empire to keep thrir full
power over the territories occupied by them until
the inhabitant* should declare tite form of Government preferred by them.
2. None of such Government, to sttempt to overthrow another fay torn.
3. The blockade of Russia to be
4. -Be wtrtHshwaai" af an wui it
5. All produce existing or received fa n*aaste to
he senssifale to all damn of the pepuiatiou, wttb-
"It te alleged by the New York bureau ef
legal advice that Bflfa telsnd immigration of-
firiafa attempted to deport Margaret and
Jeanette Boy, Scotch sisters, held for four
month, after bring ordered deported et Scat-
tie n LWW. agitators, on board * cattle facet
the only women among a crew of a
For purpose* of organising a Communist Party
of America, some members of tiw Minority group
of the Left section of the Socfalfat Party of America have issued a call for delegates to attend a Con-
Yeattea to bo add fa Chicago on September .1,1919.
The tewwn of the call eteim tiwt tiw result of a
suecessfri struggle af tin Left section to capture
tiw machinery ef .the Soririfat Party would bo an
empty itelni oa tim Bight and Center sections
stifl remain fa thc party. And thst tt te fast
■Inmate which it te imperative, in tiw in-
tenet of the proletarian movement, tiwt the revolu-
timwrin should seperate from. |A, ia*j*y^, •
The organisation Committee are:—       ~"*r*J:i.l.,
Dennfa E. Blatt. D. Bttmuw, O. C. Johnson. John
Keraehcr. S. Kopnagel, I. Stflsou, Alexander Stok-
ConuBumeation* to be sent to the N.tionri offin
of the Orgauiitttten ftemmtttee: O. C. Johnson,
secretary, 1221 Blue Wand Avenue. Chicago, Bl.
~i «he onlj; farm of Political Action.
.. .1- , .
Politic*! that ha* i-iiLu^Ju-r to
«s> *^na>am*naBBa   owuuww ^ammm*  •ums*a*mwwa*wa»   user
method .nd conduct of Government.
When . inan like 'Gene Debs, for instance, makes
a speech criticizing the conduct   of   the Govern-
wange  in the   method of
he te, if the Government choose so to
it. guilty of a 'Political' offence amf be-
aa we have warn a /Political' prisoner.
ite: •':?■•«?■
1. Any action token by the State fa
of its authority.
2. Any action by any individual or group of
individual* directed against the State with intent to }iQm*~-** ita noliev   or   to   challenae.
^rw^wmmwm    . W      ^^^m^^m^^^^wwwwwm^mr     ^.^^^     J^^^^^w^^*; wm-m.  ^      ■_   mfmrnr a. - -— Q^       j
and in the last resort to completely usurp, its
authority. ;.~v ,  "--.
Thus it will be obvious that, when any individual
(to whom the State has graciously granted the privilege) drops (st the time appointed by tite State;
into a boa (provided by the State) a paper (prepared by the State) marked fan manner which he
fondly imagines will influence the policy of the
State- that fa Political Action. Or, when aome
haggard-eyed, addle-pated believer in the 'propaganda of the deed* drops a bomb down Mr. Borden', smoke stack, naively thinkings that by so doing he wfll faffawnn tha poliey of tiw State, thst
fa Political Action
If this were all then wtt to Political Action we
would be inclined to agree with time who faatet
that tt fa 'no good.*   But :—
When e body of working men to tiw number of
two million or more issue am ultimatum to the
State   demanding that   the  State   withdraw ita
mwssB    aei.Ji.aa    ^sssssbsseiubsb*   svsisa    sssusias.    •S'Sa.Swa^fc.        w^t*    sss    *mMm*^^mw0        ^**
campaign which can not even, be dignified by the
name of War sinn war has not even been declared; and—
When thon seme two million workers demand
that the coal mines which   were   originally  stolen
That fa an attempt to influence the policy and
challenge the authority of the State and that fa
Political Action.
And fa tiw event of thon same two million
workers reinforced far nveral millions more taking
action to completely usurp the authority of the
State, that wfll be Political Action.
Than tt may be seen that Political Action covers
a multitude of thing, good'and bed. Some would
confine it entirely to Parliamentarism. Others insist that tt mean, tiw action of an enslaved dam
working for emancipation. The term include, both
af tiwap tilings but refuses to be restricted to either
of them. We an' sorry to dfaapprint those gsntlr
men, but word, have mrarings and tin facta aaa
against them;
It msy be asked 'Why confine yonrnlre. te
Political Action, te there no other way by whieh
the workers may gain emancipation't
The answer te emphatically 'No* for the very
rimple end rilanffirient reason thst any action
taken by the working dam to emancipate iteelf
must necessarily • be directed sgsfast the
whteh hold* it fa bondage and tiwt dan te
rented by the State,  Thus tiw struggle
be fought on the political
A Society which could finely elect certain of ite
to organize and direct its
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such a Society would net be 'Governed.' It would
be administered. Capttalfat society, wwjgPfc
Governed'. We need cherish no illusions upon that
point.   Our masters do *tM
Government implies thc existence of two distinct
classes fa society—thst class whieh by virtue of its
power governs, and that class which by reason of
its helplessness or ignorance submits   to
a country road patted
We have not the power to freely dect certain of
our members to administer our affairs.
think we have delude themselves.
_   A 'Flivver* rattling aloni
a farmer driving a wagon.
"How much better of am I than that miserable
animal tbe bane,0 said the flivver, proudly, to itself. "I am not tied to a clumsy wagon. There fa
no bit in my mouth. There are no griding reins on
me.   I can go where I will.   I am free.*'
Just ahead the road forked. "That road to' the
riant looks good,*' said the ffivver. "I wfll go that
Way*" -«»«*&
At tiwt moownf something happened to the flivver's .front wheel snd tt swung to tiw left. "Now
then ww a foolish trick it muttered, n it rattled
along.' "I fully intended to take that rood to tiw
right.   However, this one fa probably just as good.''
, And tt fa said that to this day tiw flivver don
not realize that its freedom consist* fa being free
to go wherever ite driver chooses it shall go.
We ran vote (if the State permits us and at such
times as the State allows us) for any individual we
choose. Then fa nothing to prevent our writing
on our ballot 'Julius Caesar' or the name of tiw
man who lives next door. But we can dect only
then individuals whom tiw State choose, to permit.
At tin teat Dominion election there wen rartain
individual* meetly members of the Liberal party
—whore election tiw State did not think desirable.
But there was reason to believe that a large section of society intended to vote for those individuate So the State promptly deprived a goodly portion of that section of the vote Then wu
soother section of society whteh hsd never pre-
vicualy had the opportunity to vote, but which
could be depended upon to vote the way tite State
wished. So the State promptly enfranchised tiwt
wection. And all fa a perfectly constitutional manner.   Lord yea!
There are then who think that the Conservstive
party wn responsible for that They deceive
tteanmilTia It ww nnething bigger and tfiwigiil
than *ny party. It waa something without whteh
tiw Conservative or any other party fa but a shadow.  It wa. the CapHdtot State.
In justice to ouredne tt must be stated that it
fa nut often tiwt we display sueh stenufag aytn-
ptoma of 'the driuriou of freedom-' We ere too
wefl trained. But there ere e people Bring fa and
around Vfadhrostoek fa Siberia who recently conceived the wost sbsurd idea* of tiw meaning ef
Political Freedom. They actually imagined tt
tin freedom to dect whom tiwy choose. "
the npcrvfaion ef tite arawd fereee of
the Afltes then peopte bdd an election fa '
vostoek. Out of
different partem they elected all Botehsvfate.  And
Some economists (f) in
rocfal unrest suggest a* a solution,
tion. They forget or pretend to
ket. Produetion, under npttsllsm, must wait aw
tiw market. If the market will absorb goods at n
profit to the c.pitalist producer there will be   no
goods to share around, they- the frntrW*rts (t),
talk aa though we wen producing for use in the
co-operative Commonwealth in which the whole of
the people owned the means of production. Ask the
be gov- °*P-talfat producer why he fa not employing mate
hands and inachinei-y and he will tell yon that hfa
orders do not warrant him in doing so. This fa
the capitalist system of production for sale under
which we have as its natural outcome—a contradiction. That fa that though labor, mental ami
physical, produces afl wealth from the resources of
the earth, yet we have forced on us by the economic
tews of tite systim a huge unemployed srmy of
potential wealth producers, because tiw market
can not absorb ell tiw products we are capable of
producing. The working class live to work for
the increase of capital and do not work to live.
they elected them by a vote which outnumbered
the combined vote of the 'other seventeen. But
the Capitalist State represented by the Afltes did
not approve of the Bolshevists. So the dection
was declared null and void.
"Then an then who think tiwt we have the right'
to vote. They would probably be surprised to hear
that then fa no such thing aa una right to vote.
Thst point wss thrashed out long, long ago anal
wm decided by thc State acting through tts eourta
of law. If the reader wfll look up 'Suffrage' at?
'Franchise' in any reputable encyclopedia be wfll
find that the vote m not a rigfat vested in the fa-
dividual but fa a prvivilege which may be granted
by the State and, by the same token may be revoked by the State.
The function of tiw State fa torovern in accordance with the interests of the dasj tt repinenta
toe master dam. The primary fatere-t of the i
<'ass fa to remain mns.^r   If any man thinks he
we a vote exercised ry pfrmfasioi: of the
elm to foree that master elass to reliaqufah its
tower, he fa indeed a naive and ingenuous souL
When the first man has succeeded fa lifting himself by hfa bootstraps; when ft has become customary for a gambler to supply hfa opponent with tin
fund, hecesssry to, break hhajwlwo ft fa the accepted procedure for one nation to supply
to another nation with which it te at war;
and not till then why it be resnnshlii to suppose
that a master dam fa going to vduntorily fmatefa
tts steves wtth tiw mesns to overthrow it
All thfa must not be token aa implyfag tie Iwflot
teuttlen There te probably no question ef pottoy
whteh two epnriene an not
te probably no fewer way af deciding such question* than fa tmriJafifrt wtth the
wfll of the majority. And then te esrtafary no
better method yet devbed of aanitaiiiliig the wfll
oftnniafaiitythanbytlwbeBot. But not a faaBat
that teat the mercy of such riwmfaatkme w 'The
War Tfaws FJeetion Act/ A franchise wkfch sdmtts
of aueh toing* •« that fa not a franehin, tt fa a fern.
i eun hope to wfa ceoswarie freedom by tim .
we must first have tin franefater We
do not pnmim ft.  First catch year ban.
■* What h Political Action?
A Jourrd of Nan andVkm* Bfv&til to Ok Itdmth *f the Workfa «
laa"'lf1liiiiyt i^.v   *• iiM'n '"It
C, BATUBDAY, JOLT 19, 1919
■I EdHorial fa the London "Daily
the eve of the Southport Conference of
Labor Party of Great Britain, at which
finally derided to   join Italian and French
in tiw strike lass aasali sll mi against tiw AL
lied attempt to destroy the workers' republic   of
The Defence Fund
lSV.li' i
one-day strike
ita be in eVery-
We must all get unite dear about thfa.
Nobody wants to belittle political action: but will
thon who disbelieve fa direct action for political
end* tell us what in the present rireunwtancn we
are to dot The afamulnatten goes on. Human being, are maasacred. An unrepresentative Govern-
trieked itself into power by lfe*. per-
OME nettle imagine that the siamfaur of   the
Treaty fay the Germans would give ***** to
the world and thc people of thfa country/    w   ,
Speaking at the Guildhall on   Monday in support of the Vtetory Loan, Br. Bonar Law referred
"cesTswanena ■ j    *v   »utc   amv.   asnensV   new   *osa*^wa   va   nn*a*s   ^e^uewnen*
Staff had told him that we were now waging
t wenty-t h ree wan. Apropos of this, tiw Star remind* us that it was Sir Henry Wilsoa who, in a
Parfa interview the other day, remarked that while
the terms of world peace were bring prepared
there were no fewer then twenty-three little war*
still in progress
A, Star man asked tiw authorities in Whitehall
FINDS .re urgently needed for those arrested
in connection with the late labor troubles.
 . .     ifIhey could nsme them.   At first   they thought
wfll and 'coueetenn' of the • "*vas ,n<*,1'«emJ?,n e figure of speech.
British wealth, labor mumtion*   But they reflected a moment, and the recited lfat
No-   g*few wtth riarmfaig nlerity.
"Let a*see." the* ssitl in effeet    "then,   arc
'$*0m*'-mmi.    ___^______m__mmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmm
and awn, to destroy tiw Socfalfat Bepubfics.
vwauM far simply arri sulriy for the right af the'
to dnride for tlwnmdvn what form of
^^^^^ The   wealth   and
tite iupitalte.il te being wed all tbe time
mil: why not then tbe worker's power to give er withhold hfa work? Let thc enemies
ef direct aetfan give a Bttle of their .Mention to
tiw foree. ef Big Burineas! And let them tell us
what we are to do. What form of "politiral" action do they suajjrmt that diall stop tiw waste and.
murder? Or do tiwy inean nlmly to auircest that
we are to aenafaaee fa the murder mid the waste?
•si at   •**•*•»   af* .■wa*^^*m*mm*mm ..m***  as***... Bstatuwi   ausjsnai'   essasm   ww.wm****^ ■
we wfll not eswmeen. Aad we have a dear right
to ww ear anwatriri strengthen isrevent thc tri-
of wiekednem *ad reaction. '
faduatriri life of tiw nation fa fa
MW the Dak* ef
any  'mnmuT Mrmmm ■*..
ale on the warpath. Ia the City of
sed espttri te Ottering .war on . all   schemes for
**" W*Mm\\^m\\-\\mm^
grow. larger cnea amy* ane daasMeu
fa tiw war; find tiwmerivn hodgsrisl from pillar to
post fa a vafa epdeevpr to got tiw menst inatel-
mettofteatin-   The prafatem ef what to do  wtth
fa proving o«fla*ih **•
in Hungary, on. in Austria, one in India, one in
Kurdistan, one in Arabia. That makes nineteen.
Then the Poles are in action against a group of
The authorities (we arc told) had rattled off
thte Hat fa less than . minute, though: it was more
then enough for half a dozen war offices to go on
We have endeavored to descend   to particulars,
be devoted to the defence of all
whether labor officials or not.
Due to the strike, Union treasuries are either depleted or exhausted.   It is the same also with the
of individuals who have been on strike or
"er cause* unemployed.   So tiwt an estra-
ordinary effort te requested of those who sre financially better circumstanced.
For'the purpose of impressing on the attention
of our readers the urgency of generous support, we
desire to point out that the enemies of labor, then
shameless moral paupers, prating forever of eon-
sthutionalfam. have already, openly and publicly,
by means of the conscienceless press and from the
blafting mouths of governmental functionaries,
tried, before the evidence was collected snd the due
processes of the law had taken effect, and found
guilty those men .nested for fighting the batttea
of your dam jHT^^
jurisprudence.   Thrir *M 	
have been riven the utmost pubHeity fa the rapi-
talfat press fa sll quarters of the globe, and the
can of tiw srrested men irremedfably prejudiced
in the minds of the unfortunately, so large- uncritical reading public, nor esn any judge or jury,
in our opinion, now dt on tiwlp 'earn snd Wi
evidence impart fall v. All thfa hss been
pushed fa premeditated malice, heeau** tt
known full well tiwt tbe arrested men had no mesns
end offer the following fast, which fa, of course, fan-   of putting their side of the esse forwsrd adequate-
"4""~it~* l.v or of coui\ter-aeting the malfadous prop*gand.
1. We .re, in Georgia, defending the Georgians
from Itenikin and Denikin from tbe Georgians.
X We are fighting fa Turkestan and have recently evacuated Merv.,
3. We are fagfatfag,to Afghsnfatsn
4. Colonel John Ward and thc Middlesex BegL
ment (an or recently wen) fa Siberia demonstrating thefr attachment fa Kolchak.
5. Our expedition* beaed on Archangel and Murmansk sre fighting in various parts of Northern
are fighting   against   Bela Kun
must trite s eourageou. line. Our
our national labor were organ-
r war. They must now -be nganteed far
The land, tiw wfanwute. tiw ofl, all the na-
VaBBB**BSa      mmmW'   g*B*Sa*"*     glBBBBB'i SS ha""*       tttttt
*^ma»mwr*aaasw* ■ wn.   wwi    w^wwnmmm jy   w*aaaws**■     aa*c-   a^i^asmmwmmar-
fur tin nrrin ef ri
s .Bmnsusan nv sswvsee siau was
7S***—» — %■ mm  wf*j « ■■ ■ TaV ■ i       m mm J  '    sTf ™S*~ S f ■■ Sin      f|.|M   msb ^m mt mm ■■
. tjtteao-inovaaa .an tugnung Hungarian*.
tt   w*a_n —^_  —■—   *Bst^s*Bs*BTBassa.sK *n**u—.,._ g-. . _ -. -.
a. rein an ngnung uursmtswi.
9. Ukrafaians are fighting Hungarians
10. Gerwaa troop, .re fighting Lett, end   have
n on.pted tiw country •
11. BWhontens .re fighting Germans.
13. afathoniana. urged fay Allies, are fighting Bol-
sherik. (mueh against tiwhr wfll.)
14. Ffan. an fighting Bussian*.
emtetaaee, te fighting
against tiw Bohdisiflu fai Ike
We   an oa  tiw
We mw  he
mmmmmmtmmmi        smmmmmmnmmnmmnmH
Bolsheviks fa the
Navy te > the   Baltie
fa abaBfag Cveuatadt
e British N.vy fa fa tiw Bteek Sn
defaming thefr pergonal character* and raterepre-
senting the aim. and object Of thrir .etivtties.
Thc recourse now left to the arrested men fa a
rigorous .nd skilful defence fa the courts. To do
this, the best of legal talent must be obtained and
this costs money, that universal equivalent ef
bourgeois justice.
Bemember. it fa not done a question of the liberty of the individuals immediately concerned. Organized labor itself fa also threatened and not alone
that, but the scanty, and pityful remnant* of the
privilege* of freedom of thought and speech stilt
left to us, after five years of government by Order-
in-Counrit .re also endangered.
Send ell nwanpn, tt peeemte. fay efaeene. money
order, petal note ar fay lagiatilli letter to   tha
WipWUf"*1;    tt^^mnMHlS; mm    !■•    l#R0Wawl(
Britfah ' Columbia    Agency:—Victor
Portoffice Drawer Sll, Yanaaniei, B. C.
Alberta Agency .'—A. Broeteh, IBM Eighth Avenue Best, Calgary, Aftn.
Central Golteetion Agency >—B. Bshfaooa, Secretary Trsdes mid Leber Can.is\ Winnipeg, Man,
Cotttribntteu. will be ■awuawlidglsl et a tetov
date thTomrh the **auW and Boefatitet prmn.
Secretary D. B. C 8oeialfat Party of Canada.


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