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The Red Flag Aug 16, 1919

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 ■ ■ .
»«'   ■ ii     ■ ■"'      . I    I i. iiiiT'itni iiii.
Consideration Of the Moneyoou-amodity-It*
Properties and Functions.
TT has occurred to me that tt would be well, be-
the trouble
Both gold and silver are corn-
such vary fa value from  time to
Nafanlly, tfarir vdues Will vary relatively
•■" - It te srid-tfaat a government ought to guarantee
its subject* "security and a sense of security ;''
whence it te inferred that magistrate* ought to>
kcep ears open to the declamatiohs of popdar orators ami stop sucfa as sre calcdated to create darm,
Thfa inference however, is met by the   difficulty.
faW whiefa govern, the amount of money required   **. butwkich m of immense consequence when the
in circulation.  Now there an two leading tfacaritt:   ?ll^.'l..**«*»^
faW wktefa govern, the amount of money required   *^^^krt^WrT,!r ^ **   Jodty^d thu. dimfaiiuw.^f tfarir nun of ttcurtty,
te^l«W  Nowtha«a*a4sni*aAtaa commodities fa question an functioiimg as money,   ^m^^^w,,,,^
The labor or cost of production theory and
The quantity theory of money.
The first of these fa the only one eonsfatont wttfa
the arguments hero set forth and is to the effect
that: The total quantity oi money functioning
: daring a given period u the medium of exchange
is determined by the sum of prices of all commodities circulating during that time, divided by
tiw rapidity of toe cirrufatfan of nwney, tnat fa,
fay tfae number of turns made by each single coin.
The sum of prices, of course, depends On the quantity of commodities and dl these three factors, the
quantity of commodities, their prices ami the velocity of the currency are variable. The velocity of
the currency fa greater in cities than fax tfae country
and greater in some cities and countries than in
others, depending on tfae wealth of thc country and
the density of its population.   Nevertheless, at any
;&given time and plan then factors are given quantities and in combination, their general effect will
be as stated For instance, supposing tfaat the total
prices of the commodities produced and sold in a
given time to be one million dollars and further,
that each dollar makes twenty turns fa tfaat period,
then the quantity of money required to circulation
will be fifty thousand dollars. Thfa tew foUows
inevitably from the law of vdue, As we have iieett.
money fa a commodity. The exchange-vdue of any
commodity fa determined by ite socfal cost of production. Price fa the exchange-vdue of any eon
modify expressed in money. CtonseqUtttiyj tt would
be a'contradiction tosay that the quantity of money
required to dreulata a given man of commodities
was not determined by the sum of prion of then
commodities divided of course, by tfae number   of
* time* each money unit functions. "Tiw quantity
wanted will depend partly on the cost of producing
gold, and partly on the. rapidity of ita droriation.
The rapidity of circulation faring given, it wodd>
depend on the cost of production: and the cost of
production being given, the quantity of money
would depend on the rapidity of ita dreufation.'*
(Sewovquoted by Mill.) This law, of nurse, being bned on the law of vatoe/w subject to sucfa
variations snd moderations as the law of value
iteelf may fae subjnt.
So far, we have roiuudered gold a* *** only
iiWtty-commodity as, fa fact, it now really fa fa dl
the great industrial cpuBtries. Until nmparative-
ly recently, however, diver was money in those
countries and still cirerietes in large quantitire aa
a kind of ttfaddiary currency.   Even if no   other
The difficulty Bn in the fact tfaat, in any system of
bimetallism, three things »re essentid.
(1; That the two metal*   be
ratio to each other, say. 16 of stiver to 1 of gatd.
(2) That both have the privilege of free rofaage,
t fa to say, that the.coinage fa unrestricted and
that anyone bringing silver or gold, to tiw mint
shall have it coined. Sueh coinage may be gratuitous, or free of charge, though this is not essential.
It has, however, bren the practice in England and
the United States. <
(8) That both be legal tender,
bear some explanation.
This phrase will
A debt can on]y be extinguished by the payment
of money. Money fa what the creditor contracted
for and the only thing he will take. Of course, in
default of money he will take, what he can get but
that is another matter. Well then, the quality of
"legal tender" attached to any form of money
means that such money bring "tendered" or offered by the debtor must be accepted fay the creditor, otherwise the courts will pot consider the debt
collectable. That fa to say, that tfae tender of sueh
money extinguishes the debt whether it fa accepted
or not. Thfa law, no doubt, had ita origin in the
middle agtt when it was the custom of certain kings
sucfa proposals to limit the right of
speech, political or religion*, can be defended
only by making the tacit assumption that whatever
political or religious beliefs an at the time established, are wholly true-; and ***** tfafa tacit assumption has throughout the past proved to be habitually erroneous, regard for experience may reasonably prevent us from assuming that the current
beliefs are wholly true. We must recognize free
speech u still being the agency by whiefa error fa
to be dissipated, and can not without papal assumption interdict it.
It fa to the abnormal condition of the body politic
that all evils arfajng from an unrestrained expression of opinion must be attributed ond not to the
unrestrained expression itself.—Herbert Spencerr
Principle* of Ethics, 1879.
Under Socialism, women would not require' to
nil themselves for hire; under Socislfam the
artistic side of the personality of . man would be
free to develop.
Under Capitalism, Sir Alfred Keogfa, surgeon-
general, reported to a meeting,   in Queen's Hdl,
London, on June 13, 1917, that the admission rate*
who, having the privilege of coming; the money an^   ^ fatamital. for venereal disease ww:—
wishing to make a little easy money* would coin
money, not only of a diminished weight but of baser
metd. • This money, very naturally, people refused
to accept and SO, In order to give it what fa known
as forced currency, it was invested wtth the quality
of legal tender. t.
Now then, as we have seen, the two mpfiey-cpm-
modities, although coined at a fixed ratio to each
other, will nevertheless vary in vdue relatively to
each other. This means that one or the other will
now be rated below its bullion or market value and
a profit can be made by melting or exporting it.
"Suppose, for example, tfaat gold rises in value
relatively to silver, so that the quantity of gold fa
a sovereign fa now worth more than tiie quantity
of diver in twenty shilling*. Two consequence* will
ensue. No debtor will any longer find it fafa interest to pay in gold. He will dways pay fa diver,
because twenty shillings are a legal tender for a
debt, of one pound and he can procure silver convertible into twenty shUlings, for less gold than
that contained in a sovereign. The other consequence will be, that unless a sovereign esn be sold
for inure than twenty shillings, all tfae nverrigns
21 per 1000 fa France.
32 per 1000 in Egypt.
48 per 1000 in Britain.
Henceforth, let tfae apologists of Capitalfam krep
silent about the sanctity of the marriage tic I
Sub*eription8°to the "Bed Flag,"   $1.00 for 20
reason existed for its ure, it fe obvious|ltet#wottld will be ntetted, dun ss bullion they wffl purehan
be ttcndingly teoonventent and expemlvl; if n<* a greater number of shUlings thsn tiwy will   ex-       *«** -mango, oowovar, uia no. i*se piaee w.uionv
fmitoi   ils to use Btetd for the multitude-ef small change for as coin. Tfae convene of ril tfafa would » eonaiderabte difficulty and gnat opporition.   Tfafa
.     - - ..... X. I .    t«   _*!_-_     1 m-J^M     _S    _IJ               mm.*,    mmmmm* /miWtat+ilaft      **!•**    (mm    tlllf    Mlwl        !««       fSSAldSt   fa.
the difference between the face value of the coin
and its value as bullion. In the second place, the
quality of unlimited legal tender fa withdrawn. For
instance, in England, stiver fa only legal tender to
the extent of 40 shillings and fa the United States
to the extent of 10 dollars—thfa only applies to tiie
smaller coins aa the diver dollar appears to occupy
a somewhat anomalous position. Thirdly, it haa
been the practice, in some cases, to so redun the
weight or fineness of the coin, that their bullion
value will he permanently, n far aa possible, below
their fan value. Thfa te to prevent their being
melted in can of a rise in the vdue of diver. Under
then dreuniatsnen diver, while no longer money-
continues to function as a medium of exchange in ,
the fam of'•toketw.'*'
Tfafa ehsnge, however, did not take plan without
tr.mmet.on* carried out dsily. In dl of thon countries, however, which hsve now sdopted the gold
standard silver waa onn money es well aa gold
tiwt fa to say, tiwy used tiw fa-metallic system. Not.
tfaat any of them eoiwdoudy adopted euefa an fan-
practteable money ayatem. Tfae fact te tfaat tiw
ceoxttrin of Europe were, during tfae nuddfaagn,
almost exdudvely direr using countries. "Wtth ths
development of trade and commerce, however, gold
; map; coined in greater quantities,
end exploitation, of the America.
happen if diver, instead of grid wen  tfae
widen had risen fa oomperative vdue.'' (Mfll.)
"The result of sll experience *iri hirtory with
regard to tfafa omwtion te .imply tfaat, whan two
commodities perform fay tew tiw function, of a
measure of value, fa practice one done maintain,
tiwt porition." (Marx.)
The obvious mode of escape from   then   drffi-
edties fa, of course, tiw adoption of one metal as
The   discovery   money and a* diver, on account of ita low specific
resulting fa   a   vdue and great instability, fa tfae ten satisfactory
oppoattton, apart from tfaat raised by peopl* interested fa the stiver industry, wm due to tfaoas who,
misled by tfae "quantity'' theory of money, were
of opinion tiwt tfae onmonetintion of diver had
sossetiuog to do wtth tfae low prion, of commodittes
prevsiling towsrds the fatter end of led century.
Thte theory of money, however, will faave to wait
till next week when tt wUl be necessary to take it
up fa tfae condderation of paper "money."
By the way, I notin tfaat diver whiefa, not n long
age, was aa tew as 45 cente an -ounce,   te today
targely faerewed supply of the,prcrious metals at   in thfa respect, the leading nations, one by one, be-    **°***^} ^1U^*?^l^t^^aiLf^.J^'L^
e cheaper rate caused condderable depredation fa    ginning with England fa 1818, adopted   the gold
the existing stocks, Thfa again brought about an
era of greatly enhanced prices, winch, along with
the greater amount of business tfaat was bring done,
neeemitated a more valuable money unit. Odd,
therefore, took tts plan alongside diver ss money
and waa coined at a fixed ratio to it.   Here, then,
and "demonetised'' their silver. Tfae pre-
onetfaation consists in (1) denying  to
diver tfae privilege of free coinage, tfaat fa, tfae
government now buys the metal, eoins it for it* own
account at'sucfa times as it tomb* fit. and profit* by
tiw ■tililnittl   TTls lalTi i fa Itei Ins* need  tor
Now. there are 371 14 grain* of fine diver  fa
dollar and 4S0 grains In an ounce.   A* little arithmetic wfll show that when direr gets to tl.29,  tfae
silver dollar will be worth a doBar.   A slight
vanee above that again will send   dl   tfae   "
men" to the mdtfag pot.
ussia and Jacobin Fran
(Extract from tiw "Did," July 12.)
SO far there hss been little adequate appreciation of the spiritual kinship between the French
and Russian Revolutions. Then who form tbdr
impressions of Soviet Russia from   tfae testimony
" before the Overman Committee and similar source*
naturally see nothing fa the Bolshevik upheaval
except a gigantic and altogether unparalleled outburst of criminal lunacy. Apologists and sympathizers with revolutionary Bunds sometimes rite
the French Reign of Terror u s precedent for the
excesses"of the Bolsheviki; but ben their sense of
historical resemblance seems to stop.
The characters of the Bolshevik and Jacobin
leaders are generally east fa a common mold With
few exceptions they sre men fanatically devoted to '.
their ideals, reckless of their own lives* and of the
lives of others, supremdy disinterested, and through
tfafa very disinterestedness devoid of pity for thon
Whom they consider enemies of the revolution.
Among them, as among the English Puritans of thc
seventeenth century, the most burning enthusiasm
for s doctrinaire ideal is often combined with great
shrewdness and practical sagacity. Coming down
to specific examples, the resemblance between Lenin
and Robespierre is unmistakable. The Russian is
n devotee of Karl Marx; the Frenchman an ardent
worshiper of Rousseau. Both men are characterized by inflexible wffl-pOwei*, and by a personal Integrity that extorts the reluctant admiration of
their bitterest enemies. Lenin has a more enlightened mind, a wider international background. Perhaps tiie best proof cf hfa mental superiority lies in
tfae fact that he has never fdlen s victim to Robespierre's fatal delusion thst terror fa an effective
means of securing the fruits of revolution. Vet fa
essential outlines the two type* of character are
quite simitar. In the same way a forerunner of
Trotsky appears in St. Just, the fiery young en-
thuriast whore boundless energy and passionate do-.
quenee contributed n much to the organintion and
victories of the revolutionary armies..
Russia, like France, hs* hsd her emigres; and
here again the parelld is obvious. The Busbies,
grand Buses, like tfae French nobln, are naivdy '
convinced that their regime of cruelty and rapacity,
extravagance and oppresrion hu somehow endeared them to the masses of tiie common people. The
whole revolution, fa their eyes, fa toe Work of a few
bad men, anarchist*, criminals; all that fa needed to
destroy It is a little modest outride help in men snd
money. In Bussfan and French* aristocrats alike fa
found the nme inability to appreciate realities, too
same ferocious hatred of their own people, the same
disgraceful willingness to make any sacrifice of
their country's peace and happiness that may help
to give them back their old privileges and posses-
dons. Prion Lvov and bis associates in Paris protesting against every suggestion to relieve starva-
' tion te Bolshevist Busda are worthy succesnor* of
toe French emigres who applauded the savage and
bloodthirrty m*mt*estoes of the Duke of Brunswick
from their safe retreat at Coblens. In exile  as   fa*
• power the Russian and French ruling classes eon-
ristentlv uphold tfadr previous record of cruelty
and sdffahnes*
Jacobins snd Bolsfaeviki dike were called upon to
face the most difficult and exacting 'problems   of
administration. They   were obliged rimultoneonsly
to repress domestic plots,   to repulm foreign   invasion, to rave their people from sbsolute starvation
aa a result of the abnormal conditions created by
revolution, and previous   maladministration. .
That they succeeded in maintefamg thrir htAd upon
the government fa tiie fan of all   these obstacles
due nlelv, or even primarily,   to" the re-
-ganidnfa capadty   of   some   of their
It was dueNrether to the intensely active
iteration of tiw .revolutionary dements among
 -—  Twt' ■ sVasssxmtaa*        -***~'■*•'■** —     ■   « ■ ■■ n ■■   -     nsBsasawilssmra
tee masses,   in icesm*   ineee   manna   organixea
themsdves fa facri Soviets. In France they ercsted
le sodetin which radiated all ever  the
country from the Jacobin stronghold of Paris.
Then active popular bodies formed tfae very backbone of the French and Russian Revolutions. Out
of them came the best soldiers for the armies, the
best workmen far tfae' factories.   It   was   due   to
ite excesses. Russia may have a similar experience.
Bat, whatever the crimes and mistakes of the Jacobins and the Bolsheviki, the reactionary legends
thst represent them as monsters of unmitigated fa-
quity are certaiidy very far from tfae truth. To their
their vigorous exertions that tfae   supply of food   account must be laid not only the terror, ^but also
and clothing and munitions was somehow kept up,
tfaat both revolution* did not perish fai welter of
sheer chsos snd snarchy.
Both movements temporarily inaugurated a new
Style of diplomacy. The fundamental spirit of
Tehitcherin'* recklessly unconventional state papers
nearly all the glorious positive achievement* t thai;
sre associated with the two great
to realise a freer and better world. If,
of tfae struggle, they often had recourse   to rtern
and bloody methods, tt should be remembered that,
in this respect, their opponent* wen equslly guilty.
fa summed up in the famous announcement of the    The Vendean coimter-revolutionfats of 1792,   Ufa*)
Convention that tt was "the friend Of all peoples
ancTthe enemy of all governments." In consistently
making desperate and more or less successful efforts to supplement arms wttfa propaganda, to break
tfae iron ring of their enemies by fomenting domestic uprfairigs, the Bolsheviki are only fallowing
in the footsteps of the Jacobins. Other points of
resemblance between the two movements are a pronounced anticlerical tendency, a passionate fond
Kolehak's Cossacks today, were notorious for tiwn?
remorseless and diabolical savagery.   French and
fa the great blaring watchword: Liberty, Equality,
Fraternity. And, though these ideals might be often
forgotten or trampled under foot in the beat snd
fury of a desperate civil and foreign war, yet nme-
how they impress upon both movements an unmis-
nett for fetes and celebrations, an ardent and al- takable Character of beauty and nobility. Jacobin
most pathetic seal for the speedy "diffusion of en- France did not develop into Bousseau's ideal
lightenment among the illiterate masse*. state,\ yet there are few intelligent Frenchmen who
The French and Russian Revolutions both hove   would wish to see   the year*   of the   Bevolution
their, dark and bloody aspects, Through both then   blotted 'from thrir country's history. Bolshevik Bus-
runs a strain of fierce fanaticism, thc natural pro-    sia will probably not evolve into the perfect Marxian commonwealth; but future history will scarcely
deny that the Russian Bevolution   played   a pari,
andVa. very, important part, in the advance of  the
human race towards spiritual and material freedom.
of cruel and prolonged repression. Thfa-fana
ticism often finds expression in acts of shocking
and senseless brutality. Revolution, like war, makes
men dangerously susceptible to tiw passions of suspicion, intolerance, and mob violence. The fruit* of
the French Bevolution were partially lost through
Official Murder by British Officers
(From the .'■*Soviet Busris," Aug. 2.)
We are enabled thfa week to present a new var-
don. ccntatutog toe n*me8 of British officers ta*
sponsible for the crime of the ninrder of Soviet officers Who had been .captured fay British faren at
Baku. We published an earlier version of the message referred to in Ho. 6 of "uovtet Buaste.''
Chicherin sent a wireless to the British Foreign
Office on April*21> in which he repudiated the allegation that the British'went to Baku to defend
tfae town against the Soviet Republic. The Britfah
entry into Baku merely helped the Turks In tiwir
attacks. When they began to bombard thejown,
the Brijish fled, ttirying.with them the two Baku
Commissaries of the Soviet Republic The fate of
then Commissaries could not be ascertained. The
Britfah kept it secret even during tbe negotiations
last autumn on tiw question of the mutual exchange
of prisoners. Various rumors of their murder were
spread about; but the weti-known Socialist-Revolutionary Chaikih, a member, of the Baku Soeidfat
Committee, has published a detailed-communique,
based on reliable facte. Thfa communique proves
tiwt after the hasty retreat of the JBritfafa from
Baku, an Eflglfah officer, Beginald T. Jones, together wttfa Busdan Trans-Caucasian eounter-
revolutionaries, .greed to murder the Commfa-
srirra secretly. An officisl communique issued at
the time said that the Commfasaires were sent to
India. The train, however, stopped st a lonely
plan to tfaf, denrt, where tiie escort provided by
the British Military authorities and the Russian
counter-revolutionaries wa* ordered to shoot tbe
prisoners. 26 fa number, and bury them. The British Authorities tried to keep fae crime secret.
General Thomson asked Chdkin for the facts on
which he based hfa rtatoment. C*farikim however,
demanded a guarantee for the safety of the witnesses, and at the same time an inquiry into tiie
crime by a mixed impartial commission. General
Thomson refused.
Tha Britfah Government fa thus officially.. can-
rioted of vile, cowardly and treacherous murder of
defeneelem prisoners, wlion only crime was tfarir
loyalty to the Workmen's and Peasant.' Government, which the Britfah so loudly condemned for
the so-edled "Bed Terror" (measures taken in
nlf-defenn.) Yet, despite exaggerations, the British Government can not accuse the Workmen's and
Peasants' Government of any crime equal to thfa
fa baseness and treachery. In view of the British
War Minister's denunciation of the Bolsheviki aa '
''murderers,'' this disclosure shows who are the
real murderer*. Before the working masses of the
whole world, the Russian* Soviet Government protests against thfa foul deed committed by the British
authorities, snd appeals in particular to the worker* of Great Briteta^td realfae thebrauty to defend
the honor and welfare of the
A s<&eme has been exposed of the Overnas'
Settlement Co., of Great Britain, oi sending ex-
service men and women out to East Africa. The
scheme provides for two types of grant. The first,
.160 seres; the second oMO acres. Thon taking
the160 acre*, were to be possessed of several hundred pounds, and for the larger grant, several
thousand News of the scheme, however, has finally reached the earn of thon familiar wttfa the nun-
try and it seems, thst a man can not earn a livfag
on less than 5000 acres and in addition tfae ettmatie
conditions are peculiar. Fevers sad the sun frequently entailing a doctor who will cost £25 to £50/
It appears that before the war, tbe government had
made free grant* of 5000 acres each to those who
would spend £100 per; annum, for three yean on
improvements. Enquiry now show* that tiw people who were now rifting oh thfa committee were
thon very men who had taken up land under then
conditions, and in many case* had acquired 60,000
to 350.000 acres, with the mere formality of fulfilling the conditions. Then men are respectable
people of the hoi polo! fa tfae rid country, not as
you or me. Patriots "and anti-Bolsheviks, every
blasted one of them. But it was good budnns to
take tfae aa-eervtee.1 man's savings from him and
.turn fafan Into an Best African peon.' :'. V.
'     i
in the
The phrase "Straw* in tiw   wind, show   wfafafa
way it is blowing,1' is often repeated wtthdut
traetfag more than pausing notice.
Anyone who today fa fa the least cognixant of
current event, fa conscious of the fact tfaat the
wind fa blowing 'in torrent' and heavy laden with
come to huge United State. Armada on its arrival
in the Pacific, mentions the "Significance" tf the
incident stating that it has not come far a day but
forever. "It will be a .permanent defence against
any possible aggression   from' any foreign foe.''
"Vancouver' World"' of the loth instant, fa sending "45,000 rifles and severd million rounds of ammunition to Kolchak and additional equipment
would be forwarded on army transport from San
f j thfa week." As it fa stated that the pro-
unemployment fa the result of the cessation
of fae arm and munition industry, it is apparent
that these shipments are from stocks on hand.
Glutted war market.
t foreign foe?   Surely not
able a Naval Force is to be u*ed
esn Navy?
However, "Straws fa tfae wind*' fa a metaphor im-
tached to then incidents or how the letter can be
nrrectiy faterpreted   The.faddist   PliUosophy   loykn, oriy. It fa e^
B^lt* .*££? '&!$E£8 1**5?W   Arnnato in tfae Orient. This ran not be aneented
far entirely fay twenty ood wars  going on  at the
"V.ncouvef Province," 12*19.   "21,000 work
hi arsenals of Tokyo threaten strike.
Twenty-four thousand workmen. in arsenal*   of
tfae nebula of Political Activities. By this means
the following factors, "Straws" or incidents will
be examined:
"Vancouver Province," 12*19; Secretary of
State Lansing, admits in tfae United States Senate
that he did not know that Japan had an agreement
with Great Britain and Powers regarding Shan
Tung. Thfa is called the Anglo-Japanese Agreement. It seems like a Secret Treaty, and gives one
the impression that it is not in harmony with The
principles of ".Selfdeterraination of Peoples,"
"Open Diplomacy," "League of Ixations," etc.
"vun.muvn the
i^urited States Navy, Daniels, in a speech   of wei-
present time for it fa well-known that there were
sufficient Arms, Equipment and Ammunition remaining at the signing of the Armistice to carry on
a considerable amount of warfare for nme time.
The war market was glutted. It wtt reported fa
the United Statfa Senate amid severe criticism that
large numbers of United States Aeroplanes were
burned Explosions of ammunition dumps in areas,
of recent hostilities are frequent. It fan recently
been admitted fa British House of Commons tfaat
Great Britain was providing large quantities of ammunition, arms, equipment, etc to Denikin and
Kolchak. The United States,   according   to   the
"Vancouver World" 13-8-19;   "Grey
Important post."   .   .   .   "Often averted wars by
unusual diplomatic talents."
Thi* refers to post of Britfah Ambassador at'
Washington. Why select an ambassador who has
distinction in averting warn to represent us
land of our staunchest ally. Tfae ally who fa
bound by blood and kinship. Tfafa fa striking in
view of the reported retirement of Sir Edward
Grey, from Diplomatic Servin on account of approaching blindness. Reference to a standard reference work; eg-r the "Enclyopedia Britianica"'
add.ces .the information that the Allies • experienced friction fa the Boxer uprising and that Great
Britain offered, (threatened) to allow Japan full
support of her treasury far Japanese co-operation
in that venture.        .
(From tite "Soviet Bussia," August 2.)
Proof that the leading American firms desire to
sell their were* to Soviet Busda was given in a
previous issue of this magazine. Extracts from typ-.
teal tetters from tfae largest concerns fa thc country^
showed tfaat American business men are ready and
tilling to meet to the limit of their capacity the
urgent need in Busda for goods of foreign manu-
facture. Only the reftwal of the United States Government to dlow export* toBuaria holds back vhe
meeting of then powerful human and economic
forces—KubmVh need and America's dedre.
But then sre not the only forces that beat upon
the wall, of the Busman biockade.
.    Just aa there te s banked-up reservoir of Ameri-
|wn manufactured goods ready to find ite level  in
ifasda's shortage, n there fa a reservoir of surplus
ijf/ material* to Busda atrafag to find ita level in
j|| demand* of the United States. *Just n the Bin
of the Commercial Department reflect tfafa dtua-
tipn fa the dedre of American business men to rend
thrir good* to Busste, n stoo do they show   that
American firms are eager to secure   the vast supplies of raw materials which tiw Soviet Government
as nte exporter for the Bussian people has now on
hand for distribution fa foreign parts.
Bussia has riwaya had a trade bafann in her
favor. That fa to say, sfae hap exported to other
countries men than sfae fan imported from faeiu^
Bussian trade fan been an exchange of raw mate-
riafa. far manufactured product, wttfa the bafann
distinctly in her favor. Buttte exceed* any other
country fa the worid in the produetion of flax, rye,
eats, hemp, barley, platinum snd timber. She has
exported yttt^uantitin of then ettttasdititt as
well aa otfacr material* prodneed fa Buaria on a
large scale, such «* hides, dairy products, bristles,
Iteoriee, sugar, wheat amd otfacr goods.
Previous to the war, Germany controlled 33 per
sent of all exports from Busda A large proportion
of these export* were re-exported from Germany to
ether countries, Germany sating as broker or mid-
dlemsn. German broker, wtth tin) aid ri the Imperial Bank were, before tite war, fa a strategic
porition to finance Bussian trade transactions. Now
tfaat ths war fe over, German interesta■..** making
strenuous efforts to resume tfarir eoa^rri of Buntian
'The pound sterling fa New "fork   fa   quoted at
from $4.29 to $4.34.   The normal rate fa $4.86.6.
This fa because the balance of trade fa against
Great Britain.   That is Great Britain fa indel
to.the United Statn.   Thfa could only be paid
shipping British commodities to the United States.
~~Z~T~ "^* m-:''■•""*     •"•'• ;"■'* "r""***   Tfa& .**ri
RllSSlflfll     R.3.A/V    lVld.t6ridJS    3.nCl    ^Vll^CriCs^ri    Pay the indemnity in commodities    That is. Ger-
* V**C*1**    many supplies American wants grati* as an indemn
ity, and Great Britain can not compete with ''Convict Labor." It will be recalled that the A, P. of
Jj. was very active at one time in its history against
•'Convict Labor." How can A. F. of L. membership compete with German labor! Thfa manifests
the absence of an expanding market which fa es--.
nential to capitalistic production as does the increasing number of unemployed. The unemployed
will increase and the rate of exchange fail to respond to resuscitation ss the German industries revive snd as German goods supply the limited market. Recalling the depression prior to the world
war, and the prosperity during the war, it nems as
though wars make good markets if they are large
enough. Conridering the development of the machinery of destruction and production during tiw
recent war. the next war (which Will take plan,
according to Sir Douglas Haig fa a recent speech,
in the Orient) would only provide a market of sufficient dimensions if it were on a large Beale. The
reader can draw hfe own conelurions from the foregoing-hut it fa probable'that there will be a demand
for worker, who have acquired training as soldiers
snd* sailors at some future date.
The following items are peculiar by their rale- .
tive insignificance to the above. According to tfae
"Vancouver Worlds of the 12th instant, tfae
United States faave protested to Mexico against
certain agrarian legislation enacted by thc Mexican State of Sonora, whiefa fa srid to be detrimental
to the United Statn interests. Thc same paper of
tfae same date also reports that. General Pershing
has been recalled irrespective of fafa arranged ririt
ta Stag Albert of Belgium. Is tiwn work ef grest-
er'importance tfaat tiw exchange between tfae
General and Hfe Majesty! It may fae tfaat the
United States don not approve of tiw setion of
Belgium in jmreharing German goods fa preference
to Americsn goods, particularly as Belgium can
not offer no better reason than tfaat German goods
arc cheaper "tiwn American product*. However, a
war with Mexico would not provide a market of .
very grest dimensions snd tt don not seem logical
to fight for whst te dready controlled
Camouflage te an srt which, developed fa the recent .war and Ha adaptation i iHin *i»d diplo-
maey would, be arimpk matter tf tt eould be faene-
ffefeBy sdopted
■ -■
The nationalization of foreign trade by the Sovtet
Government has, however, enabled Bussia to finance
her trade in direct negotiations with buyers and
sellers fa other countries. German competition and
the increased facilities for direct relations with Bits-
da are an added stimulus to American trade at tfae
present time.
In spite of the exhaustion due ta the worid war
.   .,,    ~ JjJ- ■*' m- ' *
and to the utter disorganization of economic life,
which the* Soviet regime inherited from the Cur
and Kerensky, sfad from the vast dislocation of revolutionary change, the Soviet Government in behalf of the Bussfan. masses fas. accumulated large
store* of these raw materials. They are piling up
in Russian ports fa increasing rates ss the rreon-
struction of the country's economic machines proceeds and the Allied blockade keeps back their normal flow in export trade.
An official wireless dispatch in tfae latter part of
May from tiw Soviet Government stated tfaat large
stocks of merchandise were then ready for exportation. Included amongst these, the dispatch stated,
were over 3*4 million poods (approximately 56^50
tons) of flax, hemp snd other merchandise.
The following excerpt* from the Soviet Bureau's
Bin show tite kjnd of demand   among   American
a*^*aBs*Bs*s^Bmj^p  awse-assus  •^•^a   **s*^ss*ss*us*waa 'aue^w iasnwn*n^aie*aeB*aiws
(We faave only space for one of tfae excerpt*,
Edit B P.)
As 97 per eent. of the world's output of platinum
fa produced in Busda, American ffrma an espeefally
anxious to buy tfate commodity from tfae Sovtet •
Government, the sole Bussian exporter. A leading
manufacturing and importing chemical concern
wttfa faeadexuwters in New York and faranehm fa ril
tfae largnt cities, writes to fallows:
" We are purchasers at all times of pto-
tinum and it* allied mutate
"If you have anyfafag to offer fa the Sue ef
platinum or iridium, we shodd he pleased to.
know what quantities you faave end vrfaat prin.
eould be made on srrivd fa. New York—
regarding this matter,   Wc   will   be   only   too
'■ ptened to reply to any commnalrriten you amy
address to us*' ■ ■
•'*". ■.
THE t^ED FLAG   Tffi
Herald*'July U.)
/ ha*v
brought from^oarl
The Central Congfes*   of   Oraanired Ubtt fa      LONDON, Aug. 4.-Coal will   b*
Boutfa Africa haa been sitting.   The great problem   Germany thfa winter fa relieve the acute shortage   pi
there appear* to be that of the relation of native   fa Central Europe and reduce ahipwente from the  '"
•    mmm.   ■    *i, ^     ». .■ . m .'1S.1 * il      la  *B      • '*       ' mm\ MTW. . ~   >_   '_    ^'    •',    V   *
if the ptena ten* before tin Sufneiee
1 metertelfae.   The councU today
will meet wttfa tfae repara-
to evolve a elan'fay   which
production wttl be made ^tractive to
labor to tfae organised white worker*.
fay the dfacuadon. the native lsbor fa gradually encroaching on the white workers' monopoly of the
skilled trades. Tfate tendency is a serious menace
to tfae standard of living of the whiten The question was raised of the admittance of native ■-*--.. _,.__,-
to the unions but met with strenuous opposition, In the opinion of the council, members thi
ospedrily from tfae miners. They have in some in- Would mean a lessening of the reparation strain o
stance* been dready organized it seems, *nd it was Germany through other channels. In order t
advocated that they Ite thrown out' facilitate the delivery of coal the eounoil even coi
However, in spite of tfae growing competition be- ridered special inducements of clothing and
tween the two elements, on the labor market there to the German miners to get them to work. Tfate
arc still those who have the manhood to see beyond plan superseded s Central Europe control, dis-
that basely materialistic struggle to one   with   a   cussed yeetClday,
land—A preliminary meeting ef
of the National Amalgamated Worken'
tfae National Union of General Worker.
st the Station Hotel hen, to consider
be possible to amalgamate the two
whiefa are fa touch   on thc subject
amalgamation take plan, tfae organ!-
tfae lsrgest fa tiw country outride tiw
 mjh        ...
i    iai       ii
I -~.      '"
»nver '-81111.'' Monday, Aug. 11.)
'drastic action" threatened against
United State* Government has
up fa earnest," and congrom
that something aerare k going
course,   tfae   government
We take the   following   from
Science Monitor:"
BLOEMFONTEIN, South Africa.—At the second
day's sitting of thc congress of the South African
Industrial Federation, a notable   speech   was de-
11 '       '
• m$$:
l^oni tiie *?Diey» ?*~7%*.)
How often in the g&urto of individual   and fad.*,
lective history do iOW'of{War, love of powCr. love
livered fay Mr. A* "k t*fletk of Durban, nreddant of   of woman, or of vtiwnVeiri arts draw rich curtains
that one of j
iteresting.   What it is
may be judged from
American   packing
been convicted of sending
laska. has been fined a faun-
istf : ■
tfae National Union of Bailway and Harbor Services. He said that what impressed him at the congress was tfaat while they might be organized fa
their numbers they were not organized in their
Ideas snd opinions. They should not part without
appointing delegates to go up and down the country for the purpose of educating the workers. They
must fae organised whether British or Dutch, from
thc print of view of solidarity. There were only
two alternatives, to go under or to get hold of the
machinery of produetion *o that they might control their own lives and abolish the rule of the capitalfat class. So long as the wages system remained,
so long would they be economic slaves. As a man
who had been 40 yesrs in the country he advised
youhg trade unionists to act cautiously and wirely
on the subject of the ran question snd study  the
of emotion between the intellect of man and thon
flat realities of life that seem so to cry out for study
and appraisement! How much will a man endure
from outrageous fortune if only hfa verses hsve oc-
casiond acceptance, or fafa lady smile onn to/ fa;
moon 1 For Baudelaire, one kind or another of
ebriety is a necessity—to hide from men tfae
bones of truth, unendurable to the eye. JtnW.,,,^.
when the promises of religion are becoming drily
leas effective as palliatives for unendurable conditions, certain people who accept a full measure
of religious comfort—being for the moat P*rt little
in need of it—are engaged in a very energetic campaign to remove out of existence a cherished comforter which has helped for a long time to hold
people of another sort in quietude. For the most
part the church people do not Want to see things
nt must be overthrown
because it does not represent
overthrow the Tsarist Govera-
was not representative t   fa-
_ this, why did they ally themselvn
did tiwy wake secret treaties with it
territories   of   a   foreign nation.
tiie kept prem answer!   We   have
questions a long
and fat
on indigency'*freport which told them    generaiiy upBetf ^a yet fawLtiwy are •depriving
igman of famsfajpttubttfaaps^^they do not
the stabilising^flfipof beer upon society, in which can Mr. Gompers of the American
Federation of Labor will willingly supply the necessary data. The wobfalitt ettiw IW.W. would^also
be willing to testify, though unlike Mr. Gompers,
they have no vested interest fa stability. Itfa even
said that they accuse Mr. Gompers of bad faith, fa-
dsting that for the failing con\olationv'of
Pie   T a   ' '
In the «ky **WF,'
By and ny
he fa far too willing to substitute the amber joya of
Right here.
of Petrograd hss,   under
ippcared   Alike fa' Hungary
tfae   Socislist Governments   faave
w alcohol dope!
jr Capitalism, Piccadilly thrivn!
tfae standard of living in South Africa was three
time* as high as that in England and twice a* high
aa ta Australia. Tfae report stated they hsd to nme
down to Kaffir tevel in tiw work of tfae country
end so long as workers did not control their own
industrial life tt waa just that degradation that the
capitalist efan would like to impose on them.
i. '"in».'''■»".'"}' "■ —.
^^m^^^mmmmimmmimmmm^m. 9^^^^ ^^^M^^k^^HS^^ m9   Sk 1^^ ^^M^^ mmm ^^ ^BB^M^^
The Communist   Manifesto,   at the rate of g8 per
.-../ 100.   Single eoptes 10 cent*.
;o oi*tfae
LONDON, England.—A Moscow wirelen fan-(
sage reports condderable unrest fa Siberia and
etefaw thst there fa sn insurgent front extending
from Ttthkent in Turkestan to Nikolayevsk, and
tfaat insurgent* .re continually wrecking the troop
trains. A further menage states, tfaat an important
Bolshevist detachment fa advancing from North
Siberia toward Tomsk.      Hass«m*mHm*s«HHel
r 100.
Socislist Party of Canada
Single copies 10 cents.
' .in.
ve, of the Farm . . $6 per 100.   Single eoptes
0 rente.
Present Economic System, by Professor W. A.
^teonger . . f8 per 100.   Single copies 10 cents.
Utopian and Scientific .. Single notes
rente.. $13 per 100.
(From tfae "Christian Sdence Monitor.■")
BOSTON, Msssschusette—Industries whteh
hot pay their Workmen .living wage must acknowledge their inability to do so snd give over  their
i to the State, in the .opinion of Wank P. Walsh,
formerly efarirman of the Industrial Belations Com
ntiy of tfae National  Wpe f ****
Mioriw af *>afany Onitaatifau fa Britain Tells
af Graft fay atapteyess.
LONDON, Aug. 10.—Sir John Hunter, director
^o*sa   ms*Bsum^a^*j    ^s^^vs^as^a*swvaasssra*a   smsavsj.   ma*wwm   smsyana   ss*^^s^^*e   ar   ^*^****aw*
tion under the mfaistry of munition*, fa tiw eourao
of testimony before an favntigating committee on
nationd expenditure* yesterday, said tfaat fa the
tt'ctimi of works for tiie ate. ininistry, no awn employed bad earned the money fae received.
Tfaen men numbered 70,000, Sir John declared-
end fa aome can. wsgn were drawn' regularly aad
exfet   Sir John added that he   had   found a eon-   _.., „w	
! asjimiiwcn^ awn and contractor*, aayfag '■ inrnarwurt scfaimu.iT.Tge hfa laoldllly   to render
dined to prosecute tkem, conduct tiw operation.'
Labor and Capital
fa. 10 cente.
$8 per 100.    Sfagte
Produetion, being tiw first nine chapter*
Vol. I. Marx's Cspttri . . Sfagte copin, paper
50 eeuta;   dotfa temnd *L0O.
fen Day. That Shook the World By John End
Labor Board   .   .
"Tfae war has taught tiw lesson that no
industry fa fit to survive which doe. not reeoenfae
tfaat .very man in it fa entitled fay fate own effort
ever that may ber,tiwfariustey murt now pay;  un-
. less tt can do n; anxf tts produetion fa necessary to
•nf legitimate^ need of society, then   toe  private
Kolefask, Autocrat and Tvrant. The actual story
of Kolchak and fab method* told by an American
official recently returned from Siberia- Wttfa
thte te included Anti-BoUheviks and Mr. Sparge,
fay WOttem Hard   Taken, wttfa apologies, from
r 100.   10
cents per sfagte eopy.
Pontage Prid
- Make aB Meaey Oiden payable to C.;
.■■ ■
t.1 ,    	
KbD rl**V
The Plumb Plan of
"The wealth of today does not consist fa tiw
superb mansions, inhabited fay the privileged of
society, nor does it consult in their costly apparel,
or fa the gold or precious stones of their jewelry,
Bfa . ■   .
A Journal .of News and Views Devoted to the
Working Class.
Published Wfaen Circumstances and Finances l*-ttmlt   **** tkefaeepsof goodsjwepfag through the show
window, of our gnat cities. All that as well as
the coin and bullion in the trunks and safes form
fant an appendix or, so to speak the  tsasafe  and
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Peadtt l"ttreet East, Vancouver, B. C.
 <..,.....riin.i.M.in.   .i' ■   a » ,i   V. .1
Subscriptions to "Bed Flag" . . .20 issues $1.00
AUGUST 16,   1910
Prtigres* of the Triak
fa eon-
THE preliminary trial in    Winnipeg
labor officials who were arrested
nection wtth the fate strike, fa now finished, and
they are all committed to stand trial at the assizes
"in October.
According to a press despatch, the prisoners may
not be allowed out on bail as it fa stated tiw gov-
eminent fear they may foment further labor unrest which might result in a strike in October. If
bail is refused they will stay in gaol for two months
awaiting the second trial. However, the lawyer for
the defence has still hopes for securing bail.
As to the fear of a strike in October, we are at a
loss to account for that, except that the government fa afraid of the people hearing the prisoners
dde of the can. Is the government *s can n weak
that it fears the bar of public opinion t Be that as
it may, we know this, that the people of Canada
and tfae rest of the English speaking world have not
been placed in possession of the can for tiw defenn. That hu been, by sabotage, suppressed by
the capitdfat press,*which has. on the other hand
taken extreme care to feature the can for the pro-.
Mention. In doing that, however, it serves its own,
interests and that of the clan who nntrol it, and
not the interest* of the people. The people require
the truth, or if not that, then both sides of the matter n that by comparison they may judge. For, we
hold that the people are tfae last and final court of
appeal on matters of political moment And of
sueh a nature are the offences chsrged against
then officials of organised labor. Is the government afraid of the test!
In addition to the prem reports of the court proceedings having been manifestly one-sided, the
progress of the trial has, unchecked fay shame or
public authority, been accompanied fay dsnderous
imputations fa editorials and other press comments
deliberately constructed to prejudice the publie
mind against thon awdting trial. And more, there
fa not the lent hope that this malign propaganda
will cease.
It fa the function of a ruling clsss to rule. Tfae
Bourgeofaie, having the power, are using it We
expect them to do ao. As soctelfats, our function fa
to show them doing it, and why and how they do it
The trial in Vsucouver of a number of Russians
under tfae amended Immigration Act continues.
Only two cases, we believe, have been tried ao far.
We do not know how far we may be allowed -to
comment on the proceeding, of thfa ease. It fe eer-
tafa we have not the free swtn*g of the capitalist
pram. Suffice tt to say that from tfae provisions of
tfae Act Iteelf down through tfae eeuatitutton of the
Board of Enquiry right to tfae method of procuring
evidenn, equity, as generally uneantood, fa
spfaious fay tts sbssnec.
The amendment to the Act, under wMcfa
men are tried was ruahed through toto houses of
parliament unchallenged by either Liberals, and
tohservative*. An, examination of it* provisions
sfaows beyond dl question tfaat it fa susceptible of
being used for tiie purpose of oppression and ter-
The members of tiw Board of nagriry, vested
wttfa power to deport tfae prisoners, an  men fan-
tufts, behind which the wealth fa concealed—the
rock on which our hope te built
\H*t authorifie* the people to believe fa tfae
sdvation from long ages of torture—nay, not only
to believe in, but to see it, and actively strive for,
fa the faiiy-like productive power, the prodigious
fertility ef human labor. In thc secrets which we
have wrung from nature; fa the magic formulas fay
which we force her to do onr wishes and to yfald
her bounties almost without any painful work on
our part; in the constantly increasing improvements of the methods of production—in thfa I say.
consist ffae wealth which can accomplish what no
redeemer ever could." Dietzgen. in his .philosophical essays.-
•faoVwnmaut of Plumb nan.
The statement, signed by the chiefs of the four
brotherhoods and by the acting president of tfae
railway employee* department of tfae American
Federation of Labor, wtt an indorsement of tiw
so-called Plumb plan for railroad management embodied in a bill introduced fa tbe House of Bepre-
Rentative. on Saturday by Thetus W, Sims, Representative from Tennessee, chairman of the Interstate Commerce Committee fa. the last Congress.
The basic features of the bill msy be summsrin,
ss follows:
The great danger to capitalism is free discussion-
Herbert Hoover, at a banquet in England, states
that Europe could not survive twelve months at tite
present rate of productivity.
1. Purchase by the government of all railroad
Systems on a valuation to be determined finally fay
thc courts.
% Payment for the properties by the issuance of
government bonds bearing 4 per cent, interest,
3. Operation by a directorate of 15, five to   be
chosen by the president to   represent tfae puMi
five to be elected by the.operating officials, and five
-'■'   • .- :■
Articles are desired on the Socialist philosophy,
or on' current events interpreted in tfae light of tts
principles.   Send them in.
j • - . ii.'-:    ■
migration officials, without that legal training
necessary in the difficult art of sifting evidence or
for deciding points of legal procedure. Every issue
raised by the Council for tiie defence ha* to be referred by the board to its own Council, who. by the
way, happens also to be, at the same time, tfae Crown
Sir Samuel Romilly, a legal mind of the
highest attainments, and a strenuous advocate fa
tfae 18th century for the reform of the British penal
code, stated that "the laws of Britain were written
fa blood.'' The same brand of imfamy will be
stamped on this amendment to the Immigration
Act should tone men be handed over to the ruthless Siberian dictator Kolchak. * Whatever the degree of guilt or of no guilt of these men. deportation is their death.
v> Were the workers of Canada worthy of the historic mfarion of their class; tiwy worid demand for
then men an Open and public trial by jury, and a
strict and severe enquiry into the methods of procuring evidenn against them.
In any event, we warn our readers against the
carefully prepared .reports fa the capitalist prem
on the proceedings of tfate enquiry. The can for
the prisoners, because they are tried "in camera,"
hu not been placed before the people. Therefore,
we ask suspension of judgment until thfa he done.
In conclusion, in the name of all the prisoners involved in prosecutions, fa Vancouver, Winnipeg
and elsewhere, we thank then who hare .Bent fa
funds for their defence, and would urge that efforts
for that purpose be not relaxed
Take up collection* at your union meetings, pic-
ntes and at tfae worknfaop.
Send all money and Wake all cheque* payable to
V. B. Midgley Defenn Fund P. O. Box 879, Vancouver, B. C.
Collection agency far Alberta: A. Bro.teh, 1903
Eighth avenue east, Calgary, Alto.
Central Collection Agency; J. Law. Secretary,
Defence Fund Boom.'14, Labor Temple, Winnipeg.
Contributions will be aclmewledged tfaroUgh
Lafaov^ and. taeciaBrt
Lawyer* for tfae defenn fa Vancouver, Biro!, Macdonald A Barle.
by the classfied employees.
4. Equal division of surplus, after paying  fixm*
charges and operating costs, between the   pufalii
and the employees.
5/ Automatic reduction of rates when   tfae   en
ployees' shares of tiie surplus fa more tiwn ffae;
cent, of the gross operating revenue.
6. Regional operation as a unified system.
7. Building of extendon* st the expense of
communities benefited in proportion to the bene
•     •     •     •
,   The fadudon of employees on the director
designed to check the evils   of   excludve   gove
mental operation which fay in the rider "national!'
ration" plan.
The general adoption of the above plan
still leave capitdfam in existence, wttfa thon
tures of it wfaicfa threaten civilization even
intensified.   There will still remain productio:
the world's market, competition fa the. disposal
products, the struggle for the Control of the nut
of raw materials and of territories for tite refav
ment of surplus* vdue*.   Then were the bade i
tors which produced the late war wttfa ita milli
dead and its aftermath of starvation blockades, s
foreign military intervention*.
The raising of .sections of tfae worken   into
co-partnership in capitalist industry simply mi
that they will then be directly interested fa c
talfat imperialistic aggresrions.   Tfae conflicting i
terests will then be reprennted Jby groups   m<
cohesive and powerful than heretofore  wttfa
suits not pleasant to rent empl ate.   In  tfae
men are dominated by'material interesta even
though they may, uneensrioudy,   raise them into
moral onn.  lad us faave no illusions on that score
Bfatory provn tt, and the working class hair*
monopoly of certain virtues, and can   drim
imunityfrom thon nutcrid influence* any
tiwn tiw npttadfet dan.
Subscription* to the "Bod Flag,
We regret to announce the death of
rade Bloomfidd, which occurred fa
couver Generd Hospital, Sunday,
Though quiet and unassuming fa
wtt one. of tfae moat earnest student*
less workers in the movement. A* * uu
reaard to bfa many good qualities a fe
hfa Comrade* of Local Vancouver No. 1
of C. attended hfe funeral.   ,1 '   %JI       ■*      Y
The Insanity of Capitalism.
Nothing fa more confusing to the average mind
than the use of words having two or more meanings.
More than two hundred years ago, a great philosopher called John Locke observed that much of the
contention amongst men was largely due to   the
different meanings each   attached  to   tiw   same
rord.   He set about, accordingly, to examine   the
reason for thfa, snd finally put his conclusion* fa a
hook called "An Essay on the Human Understand-
Though it fa a great many yean since tfaat
book waa written, it can even yet give quite a number of useful hints on bow to arrange our thoughts.
t will certainly be found useful fa confirming what
s been said at the beginning of tfafa artide upon
e- need for a clnr understanding about the mean-
ng of the words we ure. *
One word or term which you mutt have   often
en used fa the newspapers mid books, and which
nay be employed in different sensn, fa the word
dety.   We may use the word in connection with
rfandly" or "provident" purposes, or it may be
ed to mean the idle rich, (wfao spend their usefem
hres in setting off their figures, sometimes merely
1 fill fa their time and sometimes a* a matter   of
or the moment we want to direct your, attention
the word Society aa used   in   a   politico-social
se.   Used in that sense, Society fa dmply a rin-
i word to mean-the whole of   mankind's   social
tivities, in a national or international group, and
we talk! of the idle rich   fa Society,   or  tfae
ing class fa Society, we are obviously thinking
rat the socfal relation, of tfae
Origin of tibwaas. %
sometimes argued- especially by thon who
far as dan differences are concerned,
always bren the same, but reference to  good
f books upon the industrid snd socfal life of
ople will teach you different. From than re-
t how our forefather, lived, you will barn,.
Hy when you go very far hack,  that tiwn
lime when men did not work for a master as
now, who wen not summoned from bed with
tell of a hooter to spend tfae best  pert of the
arid, horrid foundries, chemical work*   and
rtes that they might get the wherewithal   to
With tfae growth of the idea of private prop-
■y, however, Society fa lipped in two.   Finally,
i nme to a time when  .few  people  own the
uus things necessary for tfae maintenann of so-
life, while another dan, forming the large ma-
r of the people, such as thc dam to which you
Wg. fa absolutely atepeadent upon tiw few for its
he beginning of tine cleavage into damn,
ir oppodtion of intoreria, .octal   progress
a shaped and nlored  by the  struggle for
(rtween then nntending groups.Tfafa fa
r important principle to keep in tnfad dun
er writers, potttieten* and other*, podng n
Hk scholar*, would have you believe that rick
>r alike formed one happy family wtth n>
fa one of   our moderate-dxed fadustrid
S must have xwtteed tela amxtraat Iwtween'
m awusxfmm. mnawn an*a**nw*a^ijms nausea viwnsasaw e*vw*wm"amu
died the But End mid the Wert Bud You
ed tfaat   the man   fa overalls, corns, is seldom seen coming   from
tfae   early   morni
•1 upin a red handkerchief,
ossed your mind -
rk. live in the squalid sur-
^^^BM^BWPBm^ sfBnWWPolaaTp^
Taking the broad results, it beema curious n-.w
the more effort and socfal nerviee yen gfae to society, ** presently arranged tfae Ins you get cut of
ft. The machinery of Society seem, out of gear,
since the worker don not get what he fa worth, but
what, in conjunction with hfa fellow*, he can foree
Another point worth pondering over here fe the
feet that then condition* are not confined to tfae
British Idea. *
Br    S WW '   -O'"     -t-*V^ 'JSO   m -St * m m
All over the worid go where you will, you will
find the same situation. Whether in India, China
or Japan, France mid Spain, America, Canada or
Australia, it is the men snd women belonging to tfae
working class-that don tfae world** work—planting fee, sowing corn, shearing woo), curing tobacco,
building ships, houses, and so on. It is thus thst
Society today is maintained •
' Like yourself, these things en, not done fay tfae
worker, fa other tends because they love work, nor
are tiwy permitted to produce these thing* because
employers love the workers, or because Society
need. them. Tfae mainspring of produetion fa profit-making. Where that fa broken production
ceases. The working class only works for an employer in order to live.
Thus we get an explanation for all the various
symptoms of insanity in our industrid and social
-A gran of this basic pifariple upon wlucfa our
modern society rests explains to us the causes of
the periodic failures both in the upper" class and
among your own people- whieh reminds us of the
conditions of the jungle.
ftfrsjpi Wrecks.■..
Thus, if . particular individual in business fails,
dl fate creditors sre on bfa neck like a pack of
wolves. If he has any "friend*" anxiou* to help
him, it fa generally nme astute member of the peek
wfao sees a chance by giving him a lift to get a fat
more out of fafan than otherwise. This" "friendly
lead" fa characteristic in business, and goes far to
explain the pretentiousness of commerddfam. Even
when it is a ease ttke the Chepstow yards, net content with exploiting the w«r rituation by booetnxg
up National shipy.rds, thereby getting . sale for
their inflated stock, our commercial sharks seek to
cover up tiwir knavery fay giving a "friendly
lead*' to tfae engineering and shipbuilding untenev
anil' seek to nil them . "white elephant-''
If, on the other hand a worker should by ill-
hedth, unemployment, and a
, ways common to'Working-claw life,
duced tt to be practically destitute, he fa treated as
a ne'erdo-wttl, a pauper, and kicked about from
pillar to port tt a veritable leper or plague spot on
It surely require, very Itttie wit to
between tfae Busaten nicutfat and tiw Britfah jeiry-
mander. Whet the workfaa; das. needs fa a little
more confidence and nlf-reliance, both fa them-
reives and their own das** Wtth then qualities
developed, many of the so-called problems of pro-
«entday 8oriety will be nca to be wkat they in
fact really are, figment, of an inspired imagination.
You may not ae very keen on politied questions,
but from what we have men you wiB now fae efale
to gather why our modern statesmen have a specid
interest fa fitting tfae workers to follow every
wfll-o'-toe-wisp they can conjure up before tfarir
eyas, and wfatefa te likely to divert tfarir attention
away from tfae red things that matter, Sueh statesmen sn catted i-rimmwra, but natty tiwy era awn
afafa to "qusck" medicine-men, wfao IriB offer you
'. a eun fair aa many pefae ar- sokes n you ran ansa-'
ft te fa deelteg wttfa tide problem cf the etem
antagontemjdmt we faave to make use of our talents. Bo far as reformism fe concerned ft fe merely a tinkering with things, and fa reality a pro-
longing of the agony from which Society fe laboring, atr. Justin Sankey fa ita representative lead
•t present. On the other hand, and at tfae other
end of 'tiw pole,' stands Ijeninu the embodiment of
socfal change; the surgeon that fa cutting out thfa
rotten cancer of npttaBam, which is gttwfag ! st
tiw vttris of our social Hfe.
"Sovtet Busste,'' August 2.-Offirial Organ ef
tfae Bussian Soviet Government Bureau in the
United States lias tfafa ta aay:
"Our readers Will remember, in tfae newspaper
account* of last week, tfae interesting statement
tiwt troops landed on tfae Western shone of tfae
Caspian Sea, in tfae rear of tfae "advancing'
of Denikin. were partly responsible far fate"
letnanag. The retreat of
generals fa in iteelf so desirable a
that one is sometime* tempted to forget the
mendous faiplicatious eottt.fawd fa the causes as
signed for such retreats. To tend troop* on the
diores of the Caspian Sea requires a covering of the
t raiumort* fay mean, of naval vessels, mid the n.v.l
vessel* in thfa ease must have been torpedo-boats
and torpedo-boat destroyer*. They were brought
from the Beftte Sen .ero*. the whole expanse of
European Busda, fay waterway, deepened .nd improved by engineer, working fox tiw Soviet Government. In December, 1918^ when the city of Karen
ww token fay tiw Sovtet troops from tiw counterrevolutionary forces, tfae assault on tfae efty had
been considerably rtrengthened fay small naval
craft brought from tfae Baltie See for tfae purpose,
an will be seen from the following extract (found fa
No. 1 of tfae "Weekly Bulletin" of our Information
Bureau, now no" longer pubhshed) from an official
report on tfae improvement of Ways amd communication* fa Sovirt Buttte:
mm \
Dredging and deepening operation, were carried out on the River Srir. at the point of ita
emergence from Lake fadog..
The 'channel of tfae Biver Srir waa considerably deepened thus greatly facilitating tfae
means of communication   over   tfafa   waterway,
. the importance of whieh, both for the military
and the merchant fleet, will be evident wfacn we
consider the fact tfaat tfae Biver Srir connect*
fae Baltie Sea, through tfae Neve and the fthfa-
rin Canal System, wtth tfae Volga.
The carrying out of these dredging operations on the Srir permitted the sending from the
Baltie to tfae Volga, fanmedtetefy after thrir
completion, of n naval flotilla connoting of tfae
mine-lsyere "Groxny," "Ryeahttdny," and "By-
■try" (Dangerous, Bcsofate, Speedy,) 7 squadron-mine-l.yers, 4 nfaapte mfae-layers, 4 sufa-
marines and 3 auftply-ddp*. which dfatingufahed
themselves by tfae splendid role they played fa
thc taking of the city of Kazan by   the   Soviet
' tnagn. '.;' '
rise fay tfae
*ax# ..sxeaamm ' _. gesat      earn feat* «n
■^n a^*^uumna^  *wwn   anw ua*sW wmm^^^-r*
"tf Soviet
there was no
pfan Sea, fay steapiy
tfaat tfaey ere tfceee fe
Of liamlll fttltsWlwi
fawnfe** mememnr fn Kriefarir, wfatefa was   n-
m^** "esi*»"m\ emu um^ttw *nu^"SBsTBp •      a^*m*wa*i»e» i*s*js*Bs*s*amsm*        wn w& ^smeee m"o*eg|*p
regret that the esarfaeariasg tatenta  ef the Scent
J"**fai*ma*ttB^BW*m*^#    mmt^- ..^ammttA   rirfP  isssB- Im^syaxen  *|^0HM     swaa       tt#
xweaaut befag easetted-to miBtary end.; test our
regret fa tempered by tfae consideration tiwt the
mtBtery rondttkni fa very preaafafag and tfaat. after
af-—. Qds«sMMteu**r sf*sfeBBW*muw*awtt*Bmess,f   astsswn anasnw*a>es4s*sa*i  ttas nwaa amwssmwan*na*>
tt wiB be able to dfaptay to tiw worid greater pro-
*        ' - tteamsBBsamBBBB^Bsnal   A^B^aeNBtm**mt*i«B*r*m***   dssksswm   aaa "■:  ■    ■■-, '
(Extracts from an Artide in the "New Republic."   They are fanatically attached to the Council idea,
August 6, by II. N. Braifafqrd) «»t merely because it is s more supple and natural
farm of representation than   the   old   territorial
bad*, but above all because it represents tfae work-
(From the "Dial,** July 2d)
Left bad ita own dear and decided Idea of
tin function and future of the Councils. Itjfaj
tended thst they *houJd remafa » elan 01
tion in tfae broad meaning of that Ward
genuine worker, including the salaried employer
snd tfae professionsl man, should have a vote far
them,'but no employer, no rentier* none wfao lived
by tiw toil of others. I beard a debate on tfae draft
of a new formal constitution in tfae Berlin Soviet
during May. Some of tiw nwrgfad cans were
rather curious. ■ The Left wss quite ready, for
example, to enfranchise doctors fa ordinary practice, but it wanted to cxduda eoeton who make a
living faykeepfag sanatoria in which they "exploit"
tfae labor of junior doctors and ntitaes. Tfae Right
wished to include even the employer if he were himself active tt manager and organiser; but in   the
er to the exclusion of the rapitalfat. The Connetfe
enter as no conventional "democratic" body can,
into the worker's daily life. They give to every
employee   security   against unjust ilfawtenl    fa
Berlin Soviet, m it fe'today, tfae
Tfae real driving forces of tfae movement, tiw ex-
tremer "Independents" ttke Daumig and Bichard
Muller. and of course the Communists, regarded
Parliamentary institutions as obsolescent They
•meant sooner or. later to^make Germany a "Bate-
Bepublik:" fa other words, to suppress the rival
institution* and to make the Bate (Councils) the
sole legislative and executive .uthoritiea Any compromise they regarded aa purely transitional.'..'--.
For the moment the idea of compromise has won.
Tfae one permanent result of the March general
strike wss that the gorerainent promised to give
the Workers' Councils a definite plan in the German constitution. As yet, the scheme, agreed upon
between the Scheidemann cabinet and a delegation   ration of industry and graduating   tiw stages   of
them he acta with comrades fa dose ssttriotinu aad
"to use them ss . basis for political action also, fa an
inevitable development. The flrnjframfeir fa not yet
accepted and the 'power of the Left te growing.
Tfae tactical value of tiie Worker.* Council for tin
Left fa, firstly, that tt brings together afl the workers, no longer sitodered fa crafts snd divided in
trade unions, as a single daaa wttfa a solid interest
■ against capital aa a whole, end secondly, tiwt tt can
Wield the weapon of tiw political strike. At bottom,
it is, I believe, the sentences.'of tins class deavage
in Germany which explains tfae decay of
ment. Parliament fa neither a Worken*
Employers' Council, but » confused attempt to re-
, ffact the unity of a nation, where, in fact- unity no
longer exists.
Tfae compromise might, I think, stand s chance of
success, if at the start some of the chief industries
wen already nationalized tf, for" example tfae
mines and the bis metal concerns were represented
*********   —~a» a.        aa    uaa.aw. '.'.  "    ****** m    m ■
among the employers on the Council not by profit-
making companies but by the democratic state as
owner then the two halves of the Chamber of Work
-would no longer reflect an
cleavage. Under these conditions the Chamber of
Work would tend to baa body specially charged
with the duty of preparing tfae progressive anriali-
from tiw Berlin Soviet (fa wfatefa at tfaat time the
"Majority" Socfalfat* were leading) exists, only
in outline. It fa a promfae that the ^institution
shall recognfae, or set up (1) Works' Coinuuttaes
representing all workers and employers in every
factory, mine, etc. (2) Indurtrial Counrifa in every
trade of the "Whitley" type to regulate the general conditions of production, representing both
employers and workers; v (8) Chambers of work,
representing employers, the professions and the
worken of all trades fa definite territorid districts; snd (4) A Chamber of Work for tiw whole
German realm, with a right of suggestion and consultation on dl industrial and eocid-political legfa-
tetion.   ...
. There fa in this German compromise between the old forms of democracy with their bads
fa territorid representation* and tfae new form with
tts bads in industry, s don parallel to the solution
propounded even before tfae war, fay our *$*$*%,
Gufld Soridiete.   The .Germans  have,   however,
public control over production. Evolution in
present condition of Germany can hope to
with revqlution only if tt moves rapidly and visibly.
The pan since November baa been too dow pri-
marlly benuse the maker* of the republic failed to
realfae that democracy fa no longer for eny living
society an end fa iteejf.
Week. |s*n and tfae can of Kolehak V. the
Soviets drags on interminably. John A. Embry,
sometime United State, consul at Omsk, report,
wheteade killing in the region. where the White
Terror and the and oreri.p—killing far wldofa tfae
Bolsfaeriki «re responsible, Mr. Embry ssys (New
York Timea, July 1.) Upon being questioned
the witness states that he now represents a firm of
exporter* mid importers wttfa headquarters at the
capital of the Kolchak Government! Cornea then
one Joshua Bonto nut into Siberia by' tite
Coinintttee en Publie Information, a branch of
our government not yet suspected of pro-Bolshevist tendencies. This witness testifies that Kolchak broke up tfae Zemstvo government in Si-.
beria, suppressed free speech and free press, and
"exited or murdered every member of the Bus-
riau Constituent Assembly upon whom he nuld
lay hfa hands," (New Bepublie, July 9;) the Admiral's method of dealing individually wttfa the
members of tiw Assembly will appear very fa-
genious when it fe remembered that thc majority
of tiwn persons are now of tbe Bolshevist
penusrioa. fa a confidential dispatch from
tbe Far Beat, Arthur Bullard, another representative of Mr. Creel's Committee, says tfaat
"dlied support of Kolchak'* experiment fa re-
. feature regrettable," (The Nation,
>.) Thus the volume of testimony grows;
ome and go, wondering casually what
tin final outotmw wfll fae, bund to the fart
that then who rit in high places have already
given a verdict and that the execution, are fa
progress. Busds asks for bread and receives—-
whiffs of gnpesbot   Typhus and cholera are rag-
of this sort shipped by the Itenfefa Bed Cross fe
turned back fay tiw Allied forces. The formalities
of a trial are.superffaus whim starvation and tiw
plague are already guiding the hand of "teatioa**
to tiw throat of tfae Bussfan people.
(From the MDtel," July 86.)
As labor in Europe and elsewhere resorts to industrial action to rffect political ends, tt seems as
though the world might discover, in the yean
ahead, where and how, fai the interest of a progressive civilization, political action can be put to use.
While political government has served as a tool for
the accomplishment of end*/ which are distinctly
finite, it has figured traditionally among common
people as a saerosanct institution. They have been
OAjmALnag uro teachers' pat.
permitted in thenost advanced communities to ap-
reached their compromfae meekaiiicdly. They find phj-di ^ jomitetjoa at regular, stated or couth* state and tiw old torm of democracy ..fa evlsV -„#&#£ intervals with a paper offering whteh they
once, and they make terms witirtt tart troufale them-J&gai drop on tiw attar. Tfafa set of the common
selves very httie.to ssrign  it a wttafale function, t pwplm ^aimm^^.m^^mg-mgf^ (lgBed dexee-
Tfae GuBd Socfalfat on tfae other faand doe* not
merely tolerate or accept tfae "democratic" parliament ; he regards tt tt the necessary representation
of citfaen* regarded a* eenaunwtu. IBs rtrncture
fa no mere compromise; it fa a recognition of the
fact thst tfae wm* person will act and vote ******
what differently, accoidfag a* he fa organfaed as
consumer or producer.' The German' "Gounrib**
movement, on tfae other hand, fa thinking only of
tfae worker aa producer.
cracy. Having just waged a war far tiw continuation of thi* happy state, we ate naturally shocked
to find that tiw common people of Europe propose
to regard tfae politieal machinery at the knocked
down valuation to wfatefa tt fane been ndueed *I*en
are methods of ^itf^^ffg tfafa machinery awn ran-
lfatie than the brilot, a*% some of thett methods
an open to tiie common as well a* tfae uncommon,
own. All may play the game of hold-up in one way
or another.   The workers faave faeen   lotk to un
*l*fais fatei»eattag phase of soeiri evolution fa Ger- .their power, but ^tfaey faave dfaeovered ss a result
many wtt interrupted for a moment by the crisis
term* of peace.  The next few months will
tt can be directed into the channels
constitutional developmei
am inclined to think tfaat the e
ened intolerably fay the mfaerv
blockade, fa too acute to admit of such compromises
as the government or even   Herr Kalfaki propose.
sssbTbSbV . J^m*H**m^**m*f -^S»BI*sS. .*m*W^*MMmMM^WMm^^^**W^m   wmwjwm&mv    UW ■   *******
idea of any (Chamber of Work fa wfatefa tiw employing dam has equal representation wttfa tiw workers.
of common life is to be more th.n a myth tfaeymust
accept the terms whiefa. ethers hsve set up. Tfae
came fa crude, hut the crudity did net become apparent until it threatened to become eonuncn. As
a matter^ of fact as labor succeeds in opening up
the game for common use and advertising tiw
crudities of political methods there will be a chance,
for tfae fbat time fa tfae ufanavy cf pctttieri
saver how far pel
nrve political, fMH^Hfl^^^^fljJi^^^H
- (From the "(**ristten Setenn Monitor.*') -
The other day, outride the class room, fa a friend-
convcrsation touching on s*l*ries and prices, a
rufriuor fa one of the leading American univer-
rities was heard to say, "Wett, they havnt raised
my pay any during the war. hfy faerine te just
what it wm before." And fa spite of a half joeoax*
manner, fae wu thereby stating a fact that fa of
serious importance to the people   of   the   United
mfgBjy*sygO*fas»g**asjst*iaasm sw       asa^t.   eTtnBuaA*BMr*%asa    an^araesShsa^Baam
in so-called wsgr^earnfag rlsasra, notwttfa-
standing tfae general understanding of the fact tfaat
the coat of living haa gone up 60 to 70 per cent
ansae 1914, tiw educator* of tfae country have been,
to a large extent left with tfarir faimmtt just about
where tiwy wen when the war began
' In thfa same period Capitalism hra had ita innings. United States Treasury Department figures
showing the percentage of net income to eapftri
stock for tfae yeer 1017, tt compared wttfa tfae same
fur tfae ynr 1916, give eome measure of tiw increase acerafag to many lines of capital during tfae
war. (fan can hardly believe tfaat fa some eawa ft
wa* as high w **3,0OO per cent. Yet that is the fact
concerning atari. Similarly, the net increase fa the
return on money invested fa the coal industry fa
tfae first year ef the United States fa the war was
over 6900 per rent; fa theaters and motion picture
shows. 1437 per emit; in groceries. 2032 per cent;
fa warehousing. 4431 per cent; fa clothing end
drygoods, 5293 per cent. Doubtless the money of
teachers and univerrity professor, contributed to
rfl these taerea.es, vet tbe/faeemn cf such ueople
^P**      ^WI^^B^^^F     ^mrnqtrw^mm vi^^Mna^^g     ^pr ^ ^     B*Mf m***m***********W**M    *W^     mmwmmwmWMm     SJP^^^^^^a^a^^
iined. fa manv cases, absolutdv on a ore-war
Wfi^*mtMM*******m*W*>*f  ' m*w    ^mnmmmmjm^^M      -m^wim^f^**Jf     ^mww*m*^mmwtH**w1**J      ^sjps*     ■Br     m****W^ ^**WM*m .w*sV*
■'.'.. - .
^TalkintmWcnitm    '
Russia and Jacobin France
. m. ■
Straws in the Wind
Views Deeded to thelnteresb if the WoHpngOass
VOL. 1   NO. 30
VAXcorvEB, a a, sathbday. august i6.
WITH the death of Ernst Baeekd, we faave
the usual flood of ignorart rauaring* from
tfae Capitalfat Pre**. Edhorid
anytiung vfii*.*1 happen, fas' tiw
illustrate, tite abysmal ignorance of the
in matters Mxentinc. '■ They are now eon-
Hnekd on bfa ill fortune fa not dying
fear er Ave rears auto.   Then hfa illustrous fame
mW***mMm wm*.        WmWWt       J*W»*       ^Wgy^r* W ********       mmMm^mf       mmmmmmm-mmmmm-mmmmw       ^a^^^^wr
would not hove been Jim mail fay fafa ectfew fas supporting the Central Powers fax' the recent worid
madness. Of course, they cannot but admit hte
service to srienee, out unlike tiw tea* fawn. British
odentfat, fae went "further than tiw facta warranted"
or garbled quotation from an
fa worth more te them than the
glee the spurious relies of Christ and
than does tfae Great Lying Prem the
of a Lodge or . Russell.
jealous of fafa feme a. a scientist,
a complete change,
of Immortdity and God" partly to hfa (Virehow'a)
psychological metamorphosfa, and partly to political motives. . . ." It might interest the priesta
and editor, to learn that Darwin, whom tiwy pro-
fett had true Britfah caution end regard far truth,
said of Virefaow, "fafa conduct fa shmneful end I
hope he wfll *ome day feertfaediame." Thon who*
are acquainted wttfa Darwin's writings wiB realise
hew strong.
Baeekd haa perbapa roused thc ire of tfae
lore*tiwn any arientfat of tiw Inst ea..,,
and fate "Biddle of tfae Urivern" created more than
spprefaension in tfae sheep fold of tfae Lord   Tfafa
tfae work.   Publfafaed in 1899, the
which prompts greet
in future *ges will never suf•
on in hte specid fields of
will command the .tten-
long as the written word retoain*
human .flair*. Aad outride of » few ig-
wte ar editors, no one will ask what he
the post war, or what fae did during fts
se. No Fresrinuaw today remembers that
fae fought againrt France in 1798, yet what
of France would ran to admit igonarnee of
the mrtawnhfa of Fusatf Nor yet could a German
confess baring never heard of that monumentd
the   Mechanism   of : 'the'
ecu ww anmewnt to ecnomnn tan witnear,
more so becun tfae book contanwd tiw latest facta
of science, snd made a onBfaente attack on tiw
durifatie metfaod of tfaeugfat
When in 1905. after tfae death of Tirefaow, Bee-
cari s gnat opponent, he wn fatxted to speak m
Berlin, and delivered fate three lecture, mtitted,
"Last Word on Evolution", fate ten ef the tinea
on "Idea* of Immortality and God'' catted a five-
days* sensation Several santiilus of tim lecture
appeared to foree. adow a efaamn fa retigh
and tfae word went fertfa that tiw great
Darwinist bad returned to tfae orthodox fold Sueh
eVpreauaeaa *s MOrthocwx smwaxfari Cfaimtiaaatv te
not directly destroyed fay nmderu' setenee fant '.fay
its own learned and wolwm tiaeeiogten*." (<
ate original); ''Oar Meamtte *mf***w*t Mia
■ Well then, four yean efter the Peris Commune,
of 1875, the Gotha Congress united tfae German
Soeidfat* mid fa 1ST? tfae Soctahst vote in Germany
reached almost brif a miBion.   In the nme year
Evolution, dedaring tfaat "Deiwini— lead* directly to Soririfem," Tfae auteuUffi fat wss fa tiw fire
with a vengeance, the hall* sad the mugerian of
science reeked of ft. Hseekel was tiw cfasmpion
of Dartiinism. Tfae battle raged lustily. Schmidt
declared that Soexrifate, if wtee, "would do thrir
utmost to kfli, by silent neglect tiw theory of descent, for tort theory most emphatically proclaims
that the Sodalfat idea* an impractical.'*   Baeekd
tiw Great, at tfae came pofatritimej
The death of Uaeekel, however, recall, the state-
ef hfa translator, Joseph AlcCabe, written fa
:   "For ban (Haeekelj tiw red rays fafl level
on tfae mene end tfae people sbout faun.  It may be
tfaat tiwy light up too luridly, t^ fatasly the aatua-
ss***saBe   mmm   u^^siasB^assasBUgjy m   asF^assm   ussssuv   aa*sB*us*Bjpa £ e—esaar . B*BS*^^^^B*ms*p^^BaB***wm
how a Liberal of ifacekri'a temper must feel hfa
country to be between Seyita and Charybdfa, be-
dear alternative of Catho-
a helmsman at the wfacd
wilted that
dam." Tfae
at work fa every
growing eryatai, faa tite
Small wearier tite Bate lad
lawk deeper than tfae swrfaee
favorite food, am naena fat
fag   portfari.     ^iirHrt ril tfae rfaetorie the
ad the soul '
ianfahing prieWhood, or ft. ignorant aad feeble
And tfaat te a matter of nxteresfato us.
llatrSTl, aa fae himwtf faanfmB. wtt "wholly a
efaud of tiw nineteenth century,** and had determined wttfa its den to draw tiw faW under fate life's
i ^^^^^^t*t       taMsV^^a  TaW&  jt/tjk  m-mmmJL   ***•*-.   *■■ ^*—»-~. **. m ■■..    a ..    m.m 9«■■ asm\
. wean-  "xwax ae can mw -we navanweooa to rejourn,
far fate "Wonder, of life*' w«a#wrttten   fa   tiw
. isffHJ*>, s«d hfa miilapfajdisl
tiw True, the Good aad tfae Beasiifri, might
the heart, of a few ae*Ux**ratatista, fant can
Uetafa fate life's week. I
^^^^^^t be said of etifarjMttprWf tite
Skim w*BBBsriiw**BB*Bl    ewssWst    B^BSBBBBBBBBB^swianam     *smixe>
wfao ngaed tfae good ■fafan ef geafeifty as vital
But .bout Seytta and Charybdfa.   vxrefaow- tfae
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^HftS awatar of
rt s pro
of descent tiwt tne eauriity of taolviduafe toward
wfatefa Soddism tends, fa mi impoadbility.'' Of
eourn, Soriritets, far from taking the sdviee of
then protagonists of evolution, heartily embraced
and strongly pfopogated thfa theory whieh was
supposed to spell disaster to thrir Ideas
Then cemc the Anti-Ssriatirt Lews, snd fa 1881,
tfae Secialfat vote fett to three hundred thousand
Setenee. please God, wtt saved likewise Society.
But Gott fa Himmel, (I trust tfafa fe not treason)
1884 saw over half a rniTBon votes for Soefalfam, fa
spite of the fact that SocisBsta wen outisws. Seek*
ing no mercy, tfafa fact might nevertfaden, commend iteelf to the poTfee magistrate* of Winnipeg,
end ehwwfaen for tfaat. matter.
So virefaow cut tfae printer and boldly entered
tfae camp of Borne. Very sad But tfafa vrie of tears
fa fan of sadnesa-~and Soefalfam.   And we sn tfaat
integrity a. e mriden of facr ehsntfty, wfao sfaould
fallow truth, even fate the Auto-da-fe, snd beyond
braving the terror* of hell and the wratfa of a crasy
and jedou. God that tfae trath might prevail, yea,
lows now cart- now south" n tfae
von aauwtn ana wanetn. teat ynwnnw
amf Ifaeekd might rest in peon. wlwtfaer tfae
Germsn TTllyamm be mraulewcd fay Cfattjbdfa er
ta fauDd wata wttfa tfae- working
alone, and from tfarir dire need will arte, a
world, fa which, as wttfa LTlysus, we disll sn tiwt
no unseemly idlem werte out ttfaetaiiw and cor-
■ridens snd youths,   and   fa   tiwt new
cause Baeekd Bved tirin when it wen so nessed.
Because of men like him, etiwr porta of tfaat rid
worid afaaB also fae nmtwfatnd in tfae  new, awl


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