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The Red Flag Jun 28, 1919

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Array .• * V.     <;#'- ■'.
*JB**?1*5 tl^^TaeL!ri|Jl "f t0?!!? ^      The **to*-r<afcan Magazine is running in serial     -Colond Thompson opened tiw^nweting by msk-
Agrieultural Laborer, anal   fom the experiences of   Col. Raymond Robins fat  ing a brief statement of the crisis   snd of the in-
■'*■ ■ ■
W.Ikrr SMB.
■   •
William Uard.is responsible for the form
these are set down in the magazine.   The/
carries the first installment of Robin's
cee whwh commence prior to the Bolshe-
need of action.   Then General Knox took the
the cry of the land-
extract the
an example of
and its attitude .
rniJIIInM .11 round akonld go out of
altogether.   But agriculture, can, mutt mod will
1* Sll  mmjL^mTl.1     -^- »   .   Is
*i me maueasy asm luaenassru pansnrew'wsuea
': it can not do what we ask. then, we say. let us
ws**   ww^^mm   «w w   ^^^p1    ww^mwm^M * iw   ^^^^*g*   **^**w***m    "W'  -^^^"srll   ******   mm*
heye sn inquiry and fit right down to the lean:
bottom and Bud out where we are.'*
Tbe General Secretary of the Agricultural Laborers and Rural Workers-made it quite clear that ho
thinhs tiwtjwhat is good for the miners te lead fur
thc tend workers.
•••a*   **********   **M-^^m^^i^mw^t. .■'.''- v- ,',—,■•* ^**i
A series of such exhaustive inquiries as the Coal
Commission fa engaged fa throughout all the   in-
^&**m^******'^^mmm*^m^        ****    ■    —^^SB^^ip^^*        ^"^^*        ^^mm^m  ^ —-Jjp.—w ^ ^» ^ ■ I ■ ■ ^ T^^*^
dustries would certainly   produce   results of im-
vdue, but especially fa agriculture.
The trouble may be want of organisation. It
may be the want of co-operation. It may be that
the industry fa carrying too many passenger..
But let us find out where we are, and organise
not in the fatererts of the few but- m a premier
industry, in the interests of all.
Mr. Walter would not have readers of the labor
lander believe that the agricultural laborers   are
only wfth a brood and belter struggle.
There fa no movement,'' he said, ''that hM
r and higher ideate than that of the agri-
rorkera For instance, there fa up clsss
of worker who fa watching wfth more astuteness
and keenness the developing situation to Russia,
end there was no question at the National Conference whteh created more enthusiasm than the
reference to the Russian Bevolution and the
workers'duty to support it. Apart from all
other matters, we have naturally a great interest
to tire poliey of the Soviet, to dealing with the
land question iteelf. •
"I ms pleased also to think   that   it wm tbe
Agricultural Laborers' Union who first tabled a
resolution, at tiw   Trade.   Union   Congress at
Blackpool, demanding Pensions for Mothers.
"And   on   the   question   of   sex, our   rates
from the June issue M
of the military mind
peoples movements.
it fa immaterial,   tht;
military mind rung true to type.  •
Col. Bobfas and Col. Thompson, heads of toe
American Red,Cress mission, could see no way of
keeping Russia fa tiie War except tiwt tite Allies
recognize the Soviets under the leadership of
Kerensky. To teat the feeling of the Allied Governments on thfa matter, they called a meeting of the
Allied representatives in Petrograd; with what result the following will show:    . "**•
WM not faterested to the Soviet-
He wanted to talk about the
so. Bo narrated the
a historic frailties end fatuities, st length.
Everybody present knew them- but General Knox
wished to remind everybody present In particular
he seemed to wish to remind General Neuslochow-
sky and Mr. Scalane, fie left nothing out. At any
rate, he teemed to Bobfas to leave nothing out.
But then General Niselle took the floor. He re-
several faults of the
General Knox fefd forgotten.   He men-
tionedthem.   With the   Soviet   knocking   at the
ramparts. General   Niselle   remembered   all   the
troubles inside thc ramparts.   General Judson, the
American general, wm, m will appear fa later fa-
Colonel Thompson dedded to test the Allies out.   stslments of this narrative, an entirely   different
He invited certain Allied representatives to meet  aort of person.   General   Niselle,   bound   by   the
him in his rooms at the Motel Europe.   They came,   chains of Inn environment, warned to remain . per-
and they expressed the sentiments which were the   feet indoor person to the finish.   He finished   by
final sentence of death fa tiw Kerensky chapter fa   Inciting the Bussian military disaster at TarnopoL
the history of Busste.
" r-'■'■■' *■ i a<M$' , m
At that meeting, at half past two in the
of Friday,' November
tiw following men:
General Knox, Military Attache   to the British
T at Petrograd and Chief   of   the   British
oral Niselle, holding the same position at
Petrograd for the French.        *M^M$m£'
General Judson, holding the same position for
the Americans.  -
General Neudoehowsky, for Kerensky.
Colonel Thompson, and, m his aide, Major (not
yi*6sunu*y*'anu^ ■ ,-V .."-.'•
. ' "        ■ j     .i        .I I.  i i «—
New? From Great Britain
LONDON, Eng., June 26.—During the parBa-
mentary vacation there have been rebellion in
several British dependencies—such as Malta and
repeated riots and mutinies in British end colonial
military camps. Perhaps tiw most serious reported
wm at Camp Belmont, in Surrey, where 4000 men
refused to obey orders and two battalions of regular army troops in fighting equipment were called
About 400 mutineers were put under military arrest end 1800 others were marched off under guard
and shipped to other camps.  At thfa camp thc men
bad organized committees among the privates, and
aneeftledly lay it down tiwt there eon be no dis-   far eight or ten days these praeticdly took com-
tttwtwu or sex.
The aatiwritte. mho are trying to work un   an
Thysterieri ssn*urst ef national   rejoicing fa their
the returned asldfera too ready to assfat them be-
fera la* M.away»feghts«g.ybn»to wfth
s*> psatea   They wfll hardly find them
The tamper thou emaeayed and  tim
largely due   to the f eetiah   .nd inept
- mm   mw .'*&%%*mmmmmmmmmm    mmm.     **-*—     aMsaamsBSsasUSasaem
-0. nr. waruw^m nw reeepmon
at tiw utoomwgtd meenmu* deputation; but there
wm no doubt of ite seriousness. With M0.000 "un-
fa the country   sad   s Police
to he nnngniirij the suthorttie..
are likdy te be faced with pswecasaon. and demon-
strattons of a very different order to tite teyul and
patriotic ilwplajs in which tiwy • are everywhere ■
eatrestfag tiw disdwrged soldten to take part. The
soldiers have not forgotten their million dead
radea, nor tbe miflkm or
Nor have their frsnuuu. ~
It fa announced that half a million cotton mill
worker, tor Lancashire arc. still on striate.
Carefully timed with,the opening of parliament
waa tiw great meeting of radical trade udonfate
bald on Sunday at Manchester. It waa addressed
by Robert Wffliaaas of the Transport Workers, end
Robert SndBte of the Cod Miners—two of the wont
•nffaenttal leaders of the great   .lltenee   of labor, ^'Ten aa,''
wfll have to do
and by expressing tha view that Russian soldier.
were cowardly dogs.
Both Busntena present, General Neuslochowsky
«nd Mr. Soskke, left the room. They would listen
no longer. They departed red, snd slso seeing red.
They were through.   ■,;_'.
But General Knox wm not through. He entered
on » colloquy with Bobins which I think I can
exsetly recite.
General Knox wm thoroughly honest, thoroughly
patriotic, thoroughly intelligent. He simply apparently had not informed himself. When Bobfas
thinks of>General Knox', opinions and statement,
on that day in the Hotel Europe, he te inclined to
grasp at the thought that every diplomatic ami
military mission in the world ought fa get a cable
every morning saying: "Unless you go outdoors
today, among the common people of the country to
whieh you are accredited' you will be dismissed at
General Knox add to Bobins: "Ton are wasting
Colonel Thompson's money."
"If I am. General.." said Robins, he, knows ail
about it"
"You should have been with Korniloy," said
General Knox. ' ( .
"Ton were with him," said Robins.
The General flushed. "WriL" he said, "that effort may have been premature. But I sun not interested in the Kerensky sort of government Too
weak. What', wanted te a military dictatorship.
What's wanted fa Cossacks. These people need e
whip.   A dictatorship's the tiling.'*
Bobins eapxajawd tiie fear tiwt tiwy might get a
dietatoruhto in Bawii ijiaal i different from tiw kind
^•■■^ ^m^rmwmrm .^^^^m^W     W***.    mtmffm^^^^m*^    ^«*«V    ^l^^mm'***^*****'    *** ^ww*mmw     «^^    ,^mmmmr^^
ot dictatorship General Knox wm thtokfag of.
"Whatl" add the General. "You mean Lento
fend Trotskyt   Bolsheviks?   That asap-box taBtt
Cdeuel Robsae, yon are not a nulitary sma. IUtefl
WaaaWsaaaaian    fssTm  OaawaiaaBBBBV^i^^^anmw
jm*S*mf*n*J*   nf V mam|Mp WMmmmmfU
Masaana   ssfcUs ■ tt
yon waa*
a hat
wbteb tedudm afao the raflroad
Williams sdvocsted the safltog of •
strike end direct action to put an end to fater-
ventien fa s**ussto oud to susmplptlon. Smfllte wm
hafled m "the firat president of the republic of
Insdand.*' Tne meeting broke up wfth a singing
of "Tbe Bed Flag.''   '•  - jj  ;,."..   '"., ^ ,.. ' ,J   .
. . There remains tip great Question of national ex-
teavatenM whfah wnaon^
Aueklsnd Geddes. He predicts that tiw food prices
next winter wfll reach heights never before dreamed of;   He blsmes
to prev.de to every ete Ish public.   He
comes neanr predicting national bankrtn>tey H reform ' fa net 'achieved.
probably by thfa time.
Mtch them. But .yen
Yon wfll have to
I am not a military
But you are not up against a
tion. Yon are up aamtna* e folks'
"We eaeot tiwm," he repeated.
That wan Friday. On Monday, three days lster,
the Bifatowik. took tiw Fortrew of Peter, mid
Paul in Petrograd, and also the Amend. On Tnea-
dey, Bobtos spoke for the war at the Orenbaum
barrack* and tiw Bolsheviks did better- They took
the tetegraph station and the telephone station and
tiw prtecipd railway station. On Wednesday, to
tiw evening, Robins stood on a bridge across the
Neva and watched Bolshevik sailors from Bolshe-
rik ship, firing shell, to the sir to explode oyer
Kerensky's Winter Palace. PARIS. June 24.—The transfer *jf 60,000 to *BV
000 Cxecho-Slov.k troops to their homes from' jfo
beri. is now becoming a pressing problem for the
Entente. These •Idtera eubanated by year, rf
fighting, .re so eager to return to their newly-
formed republic that their Tawfahwas to Siberia te
LONDON, June 24-Bobert Williams; president Ln,on for the ********* ot Bumte. have famed queilHonX g— rf ti^sTmatowat. h«vebe-
WerlwrTlu^^ "n^uifeeto, deted  May 10, again*  armed  togw-   eomelntoe^
Geggie. Special to the Province, Copy-       Kerensky,Avxenttev, and other members of the
right 1919.) Constituent Assembly, with the Paris section of the
.t Southport yesterday,   made'  a   gf** ** ^ff^.'^'^?^!'!'^   •* Bednwaew feared if the anm arelsnpt
of the "Triple *""** aWtem*. mwfa Iwmb aasTanmn*wmnm\    ~V
arittodiunuwSto^^ ' From ti« Tfaeea, irL^J!^
would be died to decide thst if trede **fJJ 'rom •» «»**> *™*****«* ^Umt been smro*rtedI thTThev miAtte^n
carters retosed to lead, the worker, would Adn"ral Ko,tch*k ^^^ »•«* ™»*.mter- ^^T^Tt^^
ant Bawnrtteitlwrerototiouiwncef^ ~^LS? ft[tn^***^*^^*^****
ttfmnunte,butt3weana^^ ■** ******* ** C*onetituen*/e-   "y?"^*** g"1****;'.t?i,t^*AS>'MX
sembly he takes the bull by the horns «nd throws    *** **■■*   l^:*^*-***1*. ****
flee of many'
Iteferring to the government's resources, he s«id    * over ..together ...   whe
Sartey at preeent could be depended on but wm   ****** *** ******** % admfa
i reliable end tbe police more revolutionary. ***»**) #1 £*# * *
when once normal con-   If*;;-fWl*3ft'& f? J?  .fti^^ .
admiral believes   that   s   ^ma^WPmnfM** wfth supplies snd given
sion to make their way westward   tot their home
r^a* *■'■!:'•"•■.
- police more revolutten.ry. umtmM^ *Tmnm! .T** * M ^™n»aV "*   *« ,,-a
•Churehfll, the   Blenheim   pup,   the well-oiled (™,rt ^mmUyt   but one more truly repre- ■"•"**
there fana war going on with ********* *X *** people, after which could be formed
that he waa.  Never mind 'J^T™*   <********** .***>   ****^ **•
we will make a constitu- *******>                                             > ■ .■
tion of our own.   Sovtet Government or Bolshevism Vk* ****** * iwrtteulariy   fatetesting   at   a " There are signs and indications that the left wing
was only Socialism with the courage   of   its eon- ,ime when a wiM Pres8 Propaeen'da is being con- of the Parliamentary Labor Party fa asserting it-
esetton.** o*»eted to tever of K^ mlf ^The Party to the Homw has riven esusc  for
—  *? *■"» *T ^^  *? fitfed   t0 «** amappStowut muo^tTnwto ^wrgwtte*
POLICY'  CONDEMNED BY ****** ***** » *• P*^ ******* rank and file in the countrv. .nd if the work   fa
LABOR French Troops fa Bussia. the country is to be maintained and the
                                * Humanite. May 20. publishes a tetter from . ear- of the younger men and women
Eng., June 27-British. French respondent, who wss to the French force at Odessa, of the Parliamentary Party
and Itaftan Labor representatives h.v. decided to protesting against the use that the authorities tried matters of grave international importance, the
****** 'e^wsrol^djany li'rtlaw on July 20 or SL to to make of tiie French troops sent to Odessa. He Party tow been toe long inactive. Bn pretest
protest against Aflied intervention fa Bussis. This -my* that although they were told tiwt they were .gainst tiw Peaee Terms (whteh violste afl the
announcement was made by Arthur HendcTson, j,^ to Odeam to act as police they were really principles to which organised Tabor haa given sup-
is*. Lsbor lender, st thc Lsbor conference here gent then to mske war and to provoke resistance port) can not be described as strong, end fta sjen-
*****■' ' _-_         .                                              ** *** Bohnwviks.  However, tiw plan failed, as no era! attitude, while sound uuon purely industrial
Mr. Henderson explained that the demonstration   ^ wouM advance.   "I can not give you details questions, fa week upon the larger political issues.
would be an attempt to prevent the governments  ^ A*m subject   .   .   wis only desire one thing— But ft fa satisfsetorv to note tiw development of n
of Europe from adopting  a reactionary policy   aJtept)u to come backto France."                is iarong note to the debates,
throughout that continent.                                                      .'■   ^                       "j                          U;L^_____________
It would be left to eMh country, he auided, to      '	
dec*d» whether the demonstration would take the
form of political or industrial action.   Resolutions
would be passed protesting against any
and demanding the
Divide and rule.   The foreigner dope fell flat; * Appropoaof the.buae of the strike leaden   fa
the soldier's response to the call of prejudice  and Canada, by what te truthfully termed the   "kept
passion wm . he.rt-bre.ker.   Gee, the dividers .nd prem,"  and ite fawning adulation of what it terms
rulers wfll never get over that.   Wonder if   the the "aane" element of organized labor, the follow-
Canadian will fall for it  If he does not-all fa lost fag, by Jerome K. Jerome, in the London "Common
Matilda.   We Irnow a whole lot of them, but they Sense,** for May 31, fa interesting.   Referring   to
are all reds. And thstmesns they sre birds too wise the incident of the lsbor lesders, Henderson   and
to be caught with that old-fashioned   bird   lime. Adamson, fanebfag with Lloyd George, he mya:
Stay though:   Wonder if tiwt gink who writes that "Do Meters. Henderson snd Adamson think they
simple "stuff*' for the Cftisena' League fa feabotag- are mvited there for the sake of their fine eyeaf
ing on them? Cmi not they see through the gmne?  The rank and
• •     •     • file of their followers possesses more insight und
The Vancouver Citfaens' League had better  get y^^,, Leadeft ^m j^ w m^ ^ ,1-lr ,&&
\ LONDON. June 2«.-The Labor Party conference   "eae mamjmmaj tnm.ma-mwto end frt out^u ^^y^ m^ ^ g,^ w ^^ t^,,^ „ j^
fit Southport has pmeed .   resaintfa.   preicatfag .^_^ Ig^T* SllTiiL   rt^ * k m ** t*tok' «"■ ^*•* "*«^^ •««
esjitortXetteua^tiw Cfa^ ebaktog by the hand, thte kfad  wOtfag  on   the
-Wtiy to deport Britaavborn teadm of labor for   SimTB. hM been booked by tlwm m the fhwt |we- ^^a^n ^ Am Labor Leader who look, ss if ho
TeSfciPMwn^^                                                 riuautoftlwBritiABepnMk, Bu^tiwutimt low, ^ .^ to b. emugmwm,   "Won*   maw
Mannn^^                                                 to   **** Scotclrr-*ftiglwlH-WekeW        wum   p-te- ^ ^T^.   Won't y^ take tke Mgy ehanrf
tartet sre liable to do things thst would shock   a ^ ^^Zthink yea can help yoa*Bae* hat,
higWn^ Canadian   Better go over to a body and ^ m m |>iefjltart .f „- ,„, rymm^rtmrnrnt tor
Wem the breach. The Beds wffl look after tilings ^ Tj^wWmueut of Things fa Qeaerfelf OrMmaa-
**bfle yaw are away. ^t^y to our new Board ef Beformf **  It wm  a
* *    #,   *               ■_     ■ terrier bdongfag to the late Sidney Smith, if T re-
Jfeek Kevanael: Iim eowmitted un uniw lap.
crime.  He te charged wfth reemuauunBuf to   toe ^^ ^^ fa ^ e^rttptj,, e^sj,,, between the
Weahfagton People, Leon Trotsky'. ''Bolshevism ^ ^ .a* ta^a. ./rat row up of exceptional
and World Peace," irrtelligenco, capable of orennfafag lua fellow rate
There is a lot of people going to bell with Kava- ^ jMjdag use of their superior nunabere to defeat
p8   per   100.   nagh on that score.   The book baa wet favorable the tcrrtere.  The terrier admitted that to thte omo
jUeen                                                   treatment fa the leading reviews all ovw the world, m^ pogHfan irf the terriera was dangeroua until the
Present s*fswsWmte System, by I*tofcmor W.   m . vsluable contnnution to Socisl Setenee,   and ^ dd remedy bad been applted aad had proved
A-Bonger,   .   1   aaperlW Sfagteeoptes 10eerrts   fa now considered a atandard hinTOrtealwegk.   Of one. .awro mweeuwnl.
eourMtoalKratoginwkofAntaneh^ „„_,.».          ^a^ss.s-sa
aad Kavanagh bad better ouft "We cut his ear. and dock hte tafl,
later passed a resolution calling
trade union congress to take some industrial
order to compel toe British government
to atop operstions in Bawaa.
a teatod discussion over the resolution
on a card, vote by 1,893,000 to
Another resolution adopted protesting efdasTf
the lack in tbe peaee treaty of any international
of raw material aad food.
mm ft. iufbawwe to prevent tiw Ca
ment from proceeding with sueh a
The Communistic Manifesto, at the rate ef «8
yer 100.  Single eoptes 10 cento.
Manifesto of the Socialist Party of Canada . .
paper 100^ Single eoptes 10 cents.
Slave of the Farm . . fee Xper 100. Stogie
copies lO^cento.    '
Wage Worker aad
Make afl Money Orders payable to   CL Stephen-   no
tocfttog the workers to
Audtoflhhnhena ■
"<•"* ■'
Special to tbe Province, Copy-
fht. lflf .)
LONDON, June 24-Robert Williams, president
of the Trsuspait Workers' Federation of L»bor, to
n demonstration st Southport yesterday,   made   a
rding the rims of the "Triple
*' then any other Lshwfat has yet permitted himself to express. He said the national
eowfcntion would be eefled to decide that if trade
staeed to toad, the workers would
He wanted the revolution peaceful,
but the cause was worthy of the sacri-
Kerensky, Avxentiev, and other members of the
Constituent Assembly, wfth the Parte section ef the
Union tor the Regeneration of Russia, have issued
.wanHesto, dated May 16. against armed intervention, end to particular against supporting Kolt-
to tiw government *s resources, he
the army at present could be depended on but
lem reliable and the police more revolutionary.
"Churchill, the   Blenheim   pup,   tin well-oiled    <>»*******
weathercock, denied there was war going on with   ««totive of thc people, after
From the Times, December 9, 1918 (Omsk November 30, from our special correspondent:)
"Admiral Koltchak yesterday made some interesting observations on the subject of his policy and
political beliefs. As regards the Constituent Assembly he takes the bull by the horns snd throws
it over altogether . . . when once normal conditions sre restored, the admiral believes that a
national muemhey ought to be convened, not the ****
rvmrfi*,™* kmmLmM-    ^ ^mm more txulv repre-
>ABJ8, dune •et-The transfer *t 60,000 to 7u>
000 Czecho-Slovak troops to their homes from Si-
berte is now becoming a pressing problem for the
Entente. These soldiers, exhausted by years of
fighting, are ao eager to return to their newly-
formed republic that their usefulness in Siberi. fa
questionable. Some of their wghnwite have become infected, with Bolshevism and a general spread
of Red ideas is feared if the men are kept from
their homes another wtetef
The problem of transporting the Cseehs via
Vladivostok and the Mediterranean fa a difficult
one. It has been suggested that they mfaht he sent
westw»rd over the trans-Siberian line and given an
opportunity to fight their way through the Bolsheviki to Buaste. Military experts on Allied staffs
ere apparently confident the Czechs could cross
Bussia if provided with supplies snd Riven permission to make their way westward   tot their home
the damned Bar that he was.   Never
MHWtitalaunsBsts, we wfll make a
of our own.   Soviet Governmer
wss only Soctelhun with the eoursge   of   its
n government    co
could he formed
with    national in-
'. ''■'..»
Thte evidence te particularly interesting at a
time when u wild Press propaganda is being conducted fa favor of Koltchak being recognized by
the Afltes aa the one democratic ruler fitted to
govern Russia in the people's interest!
end Italian Labor
- There arc signs snd indications that tiw left wing.
of the Parliamentary Labor Party is ssserting itself.   The Party fa the House has riven cause   for
great disappointment anion* tiw   more   energetic*
rank and file in the countrv. .nd if the work  to
the country is to be maintained and the enthusiasm
May SO, publishes a tetter from a cor-   «* the younger men and women retained, tiw action
. vho was in the French tore, et Odessa,    of the Parliamentary Party must be quickened. On
decided to   protesting .gainst the nee that thc authorities tried    matters   of grave   international    importance, tiw
July 20 or 21-to   to make of the French troops sent to Odessa.   He   Perty   has been   too   Ion*   inactive.   Its protest
.gainst Allied intervention to fnwte   Thte   wqrs thst although they were told that they were   eaainst the Peace Terms   (which   violate   afl the
wade by Arthur Henderson,    g^ag to Odessa to act ss police they were reslly   principles to which organised tabor has given sup-
fab Lsbor lesder. at the Labor conference here   «„,* there to make war and to provoke resistance   port) can not be described ss strong, and ft. gen-
today- to the Bolsheviks.  However, tiw plan failed, aa no   era! attitude, while sound noon purely industrial
Mr. Henderson explained that, the demonstration ^ .^ advatwe. "I can not give you detafl. enwsmotw, te weak upon the l.rger political issues,
would be an attempt to prevent tiw governments gfa a*- subject . . we only desire one thing— But ft fa sstisfaetorv to note the development of a
of Europe  from  adopting  a  reactionary  policy   ^ ^ ..o^gtefabeck to Prance." etreng note to the debate
throughout tiwt continent. , ^.    w«— _ .,      _
"""''  * /■" i-'a! .:    '':'.'    " I '■ :.    ' ."':' ''".".' ■' "    '■   "J ■' ' ' . -n '".".■'
It would be left to each country, he added, to
***m*5**U*3   Wannwemmwn, uewm  *m*A*Mn*J*Mr*mm*m*a*ml  WV'Jmsm*   *beam>C - IIIC
form of political or industrial action. Btwdnlhaio
would be pessed protesting ■gf*"il aay intervention fa Buaste and demanding tite abandonment of
'*. •
The conference later passed .
awZ^ordctVc^ r^^t*^
«» Maaaaiaass an staaaea. rulers will never eat over thst.   Wonder if   the
iZ IZsIb   — *»~ — -«-*-   G******* "** **** *** *• u ***<** ***-•** * ***
wSelr-pL^ **2lm^^
^jg^jj.       "^ * are aU reds. And that means they are birds too wise
aZ»L. ^uu m*mmm*mA ^w™«. .««,«*   ** °* ****** with that old-faahioned   bird   Buw.
the^aealn^X ^ of Iny^ruatowml    »* <****>   ***** if **** ■** ^ "*• ^
latrelrf^aM^ »«ernatnwai   ^^ «Wf" for thc Citfaena' League fasabotag-
>■>-■ fagonthemt      ,,   -i
a     a     a     a
The Vancouver Citizens* Lesgue bad better get
awnw more money from the banks and get out a
special edition ef their organ and mud ft to tiw
Old Country to frighten the miner, there. Bob.
Snuflte has been booked by them ss the first pre-
vw.fa.Lft* mmA ****** Am   Tt-IU-L films- si ta   ***** 8eetelH--Baglfab---Weteh---Irwh Hum   proto-
****^******n «•   ^^ ^ tHto te ^ ajtfnmw that would shock   a
Divide and rule.   The foreigner dope fell flat,    ' Appropos of the abuse of the strike leaders   to
tiw soldier's response to tiw call of prejudice   and   Canada, by what is truthfully termed the   "kept
LONDON, June Bfi,-The Labor Party
at Southport has paaaed a   reatintioa
against the attempt ef the Canadian
una ft* infhwswe to prevent the
ment from pteeeemwg wnn mmn u asnp.
The C-ommunwtie Mantteato, at   the rate   of $8
par 100.  Stogie eoptes 10 cento.
Manifesto af the Soetefist Party of Canada   .   .
BS per 100* Single eoptes 10 cento
Slave of the Perm   .   .   #S  per   100.
eoptes 10 cents. .
. ~\ Wage Worker and
Stogie Copies 10 cento.
The Present Economic System, by
A-Bonger,   .   .   «8per 100. Stogteeeejten
Postage Paid.
Make all Money Orders payable to   C.
eon, 401 Pender Street Beat, Vaweeuver, B. C.
01  par  100.
the "sane" element of organized labor, the following, by Jerome K. Jerome, in the London "Common
Sense," for May 31, fa interesting. Referring to
the incident of the tabor leaders, Henderson and
Adamson, lunching with Lloyd George, he says:
"Do Messrs. Henderson and Adamson think they
are invited there for the sake of their fine eyest
Can not they see through the garnet Tha rank and
file of their followers posse sets more insight, and
Labor Leaden wfll have to make up their minds
rhether they erfe going to serve Liberty or Dora.
It fa an old trick, thfa of our rulers—this cordial
shaking by the hand, tufa kind patting on the
shoulders of the labor lander who look, ea ft; he
were going to be dangerous ".Went yon eome
toto my parlor? Won't you take the easy chairt
And don't you think you can help your people bet-
high-bred Canadian   Better go over to a body and   ^ ^ m js,^.* rf .*, m^ Department tor
Wem tiw breach.  Tne lte«te ^1 In* after nwng.   Bw lnrp^
rotary to our new Beard of Reform?" It wm •
terrier belonging to the late Sidney Smith, if 1 remember rightly, who wm once asked what happened when, to the everlasting warfare between the
rata and tiw terriers, a rat row Up of exceptional
intelligence, capable of organising hfa fellow rata
and waking use of their superior numbers to defeat
toe terriers. Tne tewier admitted tiwt fa thfa com
the position of the terriers was dangerous until the
good eld remedy Iwd been applied end had proved
once more
yon are away.
$W e-:. a-. .:."e •*
Jack Kavanagh has committed an unpardonable
crime. He fa charged with reeommendfag to the
Wssbfagton People, Leon Trotsky's "Botehevfam
Cud World Peace."
There fa a tot of people gomg to hell wfth Kavanagh on that score. Tbe book has met favorable
treatment fa the leadinu reviews aU over the world,
m a valuable contribution to Social Science, and
te now considered a standard bistorieal work. Of
eoune to a bowing peek of dollar-chasers, that fa
no reeammendation, and Kavanagh had' better unit
hulling the workers to pursue knowledge.
"We cut hte cans end dock bfa tail,
And toll Urn he*, a tenter.**
■ '•
From the New York "Nation.
THE loathsome hypocrisy of the Administration's Russian policy becomes clearer wfth
every miming week. On January 8,1918, Mr. Wilson declared that the treatment of Russia would
be the "add teat" of our goodwill, and stated as
one of the Fourteen Points "the evacuation of all
Bueaten territory [it wan Germany which held ft
then] end such .settlement of afl questions affecting Busste m will secure tbe beet end freest cooperation of the other nations of the world to obtaining for her an unhampered and unembarrassed
thieves nor
prostitutes—order and cslm,
Jean Lonquet in the Populaire of May 12, givM
the gist of an interview between himself ami j»
distiiujnfahed peraon^re belonging to one of the
Entente countries, who had arrived   only   a few
of her own   political    development
and national policy and assure her of a sincere wel-   fined stand on Bolshevism, might othcrwtee be jeo-
eome into tiw society of free nations under institu- . pardized."   The.   Omsk   Governaaent   need knot
of her own choosing."   Since that'time wc   worry.   Mr. Wilson   hM   been   carrying;.an war
against Soviet Russia far ten months, and Generd
Graven in a message to hte troops, declares that
"the policy to be followed V our troops fa any
country fa one to be determined by tiw Executive."
So mueh for Wilsonian Real-politik by comparison
with the old-fashioned theory that it is the business
of Congress to declare war.   And General Graves
Archangel- and straightway a new farce of engineers wm dispatched to Northern Russia. Now
wo read that "American railroad troops are playing an important part in the rapid advance of the
Allied troop, southward along the Muia.si.si railway."   Meanwhile our troops remain fa Siberia,
and the War Department fa recruiting 8000 volun- days before tram Petrograd, where she
teen, for service there. An Associated Prem dte- by her Government on an
patch from Oinsk states thst the so-called All-Bus- been living fa Busste to?
sinn Government there haa requested Major-General ejuet asked: ''What fa PatrOgrod like? Ls it
Graves not to send American troops farther'into that disorder, ruin,and deedstioa reign there! Are
the interior of Siberia, the desire being " to pre- the streets deserted, the few inhabitants famished,
serve the existing friendly relations with America the criminals triumphant, have the
whieh, fa view of thc American Government's undo-    leftf
. H
■ j .%-
have seen Buaste invaded from at least three directions by American. British, French, snd other Allied troops, wfth Mr. Wilson's consent. We have
own public opinion in the United States* systematically poisoned concerning Russia, wfth the connivance of high-placed Government officials, and
Mr. Wilson has spoken no word. We hsve blushed
with shame at the perfidy snd dishonor of the Sisson documents, end Mr. Wilson was busy elsewhere.
Wc have seen Russia invaded from the north to
meet tiw German men.ee, snd from the east to aid
the heroic Czecho-Slovaks. The Germans are dis-
armed. and the very existence of the Czechoslovaks fa all but forgotten, but American armies
sre still unwillingly fighting in the north and in
■ '■>   .       •   •'••'*■'..•'■:
After honest and simple-minded Americans
had protested so loudly that the Administration no longer dared ignore their demands, we were
promised tiwt our troops would be withdrawn from
"In tile whde of Europe there is not at the present time a stogie cspit.1 wham order te so perfect,
end security so complete, «s to Petrograd. For
month, peat not a rifle or revolver shot haa been
heard in the streets. I saw the Xevsky Prospect
filled wfth thousands of pedestrians, of whom many
were evidently people of leisure, covered wfth furs.
On a sunny afternoon ft waa a very plressnt sight.
The telephone work. well. Much better than fat
Parte The electric light te on every night. Car-
has apparently caught even the President's phrase-    riages and motor cam are running—but I suppose
ology, for be adds that ."every nation has its own
ideals and traditions which should be respected by
all, and especially by guests, as we are.'*   Having
seized long stretches of tiw Trans-Siberian Railway,
wc appear to be the kind of "guests" who   make
their entrance by cHmbing up the back porch.   It
is hard to believe tiwt the American people,   who
are for tiw most part honest and kindly folk, can
much longer stomach the Adminstration poliey to   thing, ere crowded wfth people."
Russia of combined burglary and starvation, coup-       Lonquet asked whether tiw visitor had beradf
led with pious phrases.   There   fa surely honesty   tested the security of the streets.   Sea
snd courage enough in Congress to put an end to    "Oh, yes, eertafalyl   Many times I walked
thfa iniquity. *t dght without ever having had an
they belong to the Government*"
"It fa said that the.ahops ere afl shut,»
"In the Xevsky Prospect most of the grocers'
end butehers* shops are sinned, beeaum tiwy
have been replaced by the Soviet end co-operative
shops. But very many shops containing objects
d'art. pictures- copper goods, and Japanese articles
are open, and bazaars, where one can buy every-
Captains of Finance and th^hglafers
Thorstein Veblen to the "Dial."
rmore than one respect the industrial system of
today is notably different from anything that
hM gone before. It is eminently a system, self-
bdanced and comprehensive; and ft ia a system of
interlocking mechanical processes, rather than of
skilful manipulation. It is mechanical rather than
manual, ft is an organisation of mechanical powers
and material resources, rather than of skilled
craftsmen end tools; although the skilled workmen
and tools are also an indispensable part of ite comprehensive mechanism. It is of an impersonal nature, after tite fashion of the material sciences, on
whteh it constantly draws. It runs to "quantity
production'' of specialized and standardized goods
and services. For oil these reasons it lends itself
to systematic control under the direction of fa*
duatrial experts, skilled technologists,. who may be
called "produetion engineers," for want of a better term
This industrial system rune ' on as an inclusive
ef many and diverse interlocking me-
no nation and no community hM anything to gain
at tiw coat of any other nation or community. In
point of material welfare, all the civilized peoples
have been drawn together by the state of the todustrial arts into a single going concern. And for
the due working of thfa inclusive going concern it
is essential that that'corps of technological special-
perienee.   There were et loom fourteen   theatre,
open every night.   At the Opera T heard Chalfa-
pfae ringing fa 'Boris Gudonoy.'   It wm filled
spectators, of whom a great number certainly
longed to the bourgeoisie."
"And tiw iioetelfastion of woment"
She burst out toughing. "As n matter ef fact,**'
she said, "there .re no prostitutes in the Petrograd streets. Formerly, in thc blessed times of
Tsarism it wm one of tiw towns where there wss
the largest number.   During the three weeks I wm
Any degree of obstruction, diversion, or withholding of any of the available fadustrid forces, with a
view to the specid auto of any nation or any investor, unavoidably brings on a dislocation of the
system; which involves a disproportionate lowering of its working efficiency and therefore a disproportionate low to the whole, and therefore a net
low to all ite parts.
And sll thc while the statesmen are at 'work to
divert and obstruct the working froees of thfa b>
dustrisl system, here and there, for the specid advantage of una nation and another st the cost of
among tiwmselvm in eaeh a way that the due work- tite red; and the captain, af finance aye working,
fag of any part of ft fa conditioned on the worhtog st cross purpose, snd to edluaten, to divert whst-
of fell  tite rest.  Therefore h wfll  week  at Be   ever tiwy can to tiw specid gain ef one vested in-
i—» ^y" *u*— *****•**--* «-»—»-*-■—r-*-    |IT)Mi sidjualhr irr —**-•*>- —*     Soft
production engineer*, wfll work together on • earn-   Ngftst that the fadustrid system fa deliberately
,j aid more particularly on con-    handicapped with dissension, ntisdireetkra, »nd un-
emplowent of material itaourooa, equipment, and
man power, at every turn where the rtstesawn or
the captains of finance can touch ft. mechanises?
snd sll the dvilfaed peoples are suffering privation
dustry, whose work ft te to control tiw strategy of together beeaum their generd staff of industrial
production at large and to keep an oversight of the   expert, arc te this way required to take orders snd
fata who by training, insight, and interest make up
the general Staffof industry must beve a free hand   there I did not see n single one of these poor girte.
to the disposal of fts available   resources, in ma-   Other foreigners who have lived
terials. equipment, and man power, tntan^mnw^;;^^^ ■•
any national pretensions or any   vested interests,    ticdly el
dfatea tiwt they
not work d
pnrvfafan fa IniBspewmlile to the duo working of the
fadustrid system constitute thc generd staff of fa-
tactics of production in detail.
Such fa the nature of thfa fadustrid system on
whose due working depends the awtertel welfare of
afl tiw rivDfaed peoples. It fa fett fadurive system
drawn on « plan of strict and eomprehenaite fater-
dependenee, such that, fa point of meterid welfare,
submit to sabotage d the hands of tiw statesmen
end the vested interests Politics and investment are
still allowed to decide matter, ef fadustrid poftey
which sbodd plainlr be left to the dfaeretion of the
general staff of production engineers driven by no
eennaeretel fates. J.J:; '.m:^C ':>''■
of the fsrfTs*^
regime. You do not see any poliee fa the streets,
only member, of the Bed Guard, who hardly ever
have ocesdon to intervene."
'•But b ft not true tast the people arc dying of
hujwert** *
"The Allied blinks lit has certafaly caused cruel
sufferings to milliona of innocent people. But the
excellent organization of the Soviets and co-operative societies has largely relieved this pdnful situation. sMBral Janes I went wfth a friend to thc
market. Tie were able to procure a shoulder of
mutton, veal, carrots, potatoes, end even butter»
whieh wm certafaly rather dear at 140 rouble, n
kilo. It fa rather difftedt to calculate the value of
a rouble m ft. worth depend, on fts kind. The rid
roubles are worth more than those kerned by Kerensky; 140 roubles ore worth about Ban, At the cooperative ware we were febte to buy a goose, a
sucking pig, and honey, to the forty Soviet restaurants you could get for Si roubles (about ffd.)
a simple meal, but ouftlufant, eeewfating of esb-
bage soup, fried fish, and breed, black but eatable.
At tiw 'Coasted' Restaurant, formerly a resect
of the arfatoeraey. but new socteflsed, tiw feed wan
good and tiw tabledotiw white. On producing a
medical certificate you can obtain
Gore and Bnetiuge, 8 .a.
J" ' .•J""'v"Ts;$
V.    ■ " I
ea mh|
•f*iNl eumtondtaff characteristic of human be- tr.diction, coupled with the one resulting from the
\J ings fa their dislike for any alteration to creation ef wm suwpstitw. and a shrinking field
mw eustofew and awMto with which time .nd  eir-
have endowed them.    -
along in their little ruts, to which they
for favMtesant sash*, the smooth woekfag ef the
productive fjawea rfrajennitoln. ■ *i&?»&,
•A renin feTBteiwM tlfelimi "
"A Peace of Reconstructic
"A Clean Peace;"
"Tite War ****** *•-*'
bi'aj' '
gent interests of the various capitalist nations, see-
to make a change until some new eireumstances fag no remedy for their clogged commercial ma-
compel one. To put H briefly: Man is by nature chine but the annihilation of their respective com-
eonservative. Hte institutions reflect thfa peculter- petitors, finally precipitate war.
fty.   No chsnge can
• y^ umul th. materiel
Mtews of the new order
have moved their existence by rendering  the old
order unworkable.
Customs, lawn, methods of production,
tor Democrsey."
. etc-but before we fonret'
*    W**"'t        sar^aa.   wamravwvn Wm    ** wm   ansa jv* a
the very structure of human society itself change
when compelled to—very rapidly occssionally—but
for long period, of tune they appear chrystelfaed—
stable. ^^■.^■M0M^i''
The satisfaction of Man's wants   is the driving
force in human affairs.   As long as the simple de-
of slavm end the luxury of
A SB mmX mm     w* mm tit  . Tl      M
tneir masters <
^IssanteifamaL' these
and lord could jog 'along and live the life of their
fathers. feudaBam wMfefelfei'si And today; Could
capitalfam but gtee the tiwdWonal allowance of
corned beef and caBbage, together with clothes and
shelter that "befite their station in life." to its
wage-workers-and prosperity and tranquility to
the business interests, no Bolshevism would menace.
■u3r *t^bj^:^
Since the divergent interests of
expanding commercial groups   sre    inherent    in
capitalist society.the moment development gives       PVaderlcIt F. Moore,   fate
pl.ee to destruction its stabilhy is a thing of the 'M F., Bfterfa, tew this to report of
past.   The problem of keeping the productive forces   ficers with the Allies *in Siberia, in their tttetUWUt
waa solved while thc war lasted,
were insatiable. The contradictions, however, far from being solved were rendered more
acute. Under the pressure of war's necessities machine production was further speeded up. The productive capacity of the working class increased
and new stratus of the workers were forced Into
satisfied under the old slave   fadustry.    (Many industries   that    formerly em-
»rf ployed but few women, and since the war, have
employed many, while thousands of small business
men, ruined by tiw war, today wear overalls.) In
fact, now tiwt the war- is over, (except sgaapst
Soviet Russia,) the defects of capitalism become
more glaring than ever. The demobolized millions
crowd the labor market, already glutted with millions of discharged munition workers.   The com
of the Russian railway workers. Ha says, "they
would mil out Dutches of these worker, and SI
them wfth iron rods until they were Inert masses
of human flesh, bloody and unconscious   on   ton
tracks." .. *«.
■.'. ,-,    u'i.i.";:
_ •
is just as keen as
<Nor wonldnnaehfae guns be flaunted in the streets   petition upon the world market, even though Ger-
of Winnipeg.) .'.x-.v,---.-'.
Capitalism can not do this. It is not the young
fend vigorous organism ft ©nee wm. Its stability
rested upon the sbflfty to enable thorn under its
away to live. Thfa ft did while it wm expanding.
As long m the products whieh resulted from tiie
toll and sweat of ite Proletariat could be shipped
fo the four corners ef tite earth, in a word; as long
M commerce thrived, the machinery of wealth production could be used, the workers could be "given
work,** and capital eotdd "ofem";dividends.
"financial stringencies" always   ex-
»*>   >• ; ■ hi
But wltile capitalist institutions appeared stable
prior to 1914, fa reality ite very substance had become rotten—physically and therefore also ethical-
The very means by which capitalism thrived—
the commerce baaed upon exports of machinery and
goods to undeveloped countries inevitably capitalized them and created new productive forces. This
tuwessarily resulted fa an facrcassd maw of commodities Offered for sate and consequently made
the struggle ott the world market keener. At the
same time, having become developed, them once
backward countries could no longer function as
fields for favestment. This led to chronic commercial depression fa business, and threatening
moves against national trade rivate. *'
.     «.       — .    mm   aL-ttll-l_
in wsa .rainas.
The Walsh-Dunne report on
land, now available to ft. complete ten%*at/
tog a document as any that has been
by tiw world's present relapse fate bsrbarism. It
record, a situation of utter horror in Irish prisons,
and of almost unbelievable brutality on the part of
the British authorities. Hundreds of men snd women have been confined tor months without charges
having been preferred against them;
been discharged from jail wfth
the issue ot stacks of paper currency, and    Prisoners have been confined fa narrow eells with
imposition of high taxes. the{r handg handcuffed behind them day and night;
All these happenings have not been without ef-   in thte condition they are fed by jail iN-mlny,
fact upon the minds of the workers.   Many of the   and sre permitted no opportunity to answer   tiw
old concepts hsve been swept away.   The methods   «faifa of uaaure, Other than to Be   in their filthy
ly too plainly that wc   ,,otnes.   During th. winter and ■i|iilha£%|um,liiifin
have been showered with ice-cold water, and forced
to Be on atone Boors fa their wet clothing; many
of these died of pneumonia. The specific charges
of the report are seventeen to number; they fere
enough to stop the mouths of thorn who prate of
civilisation. Tne report was published in full in the
New York Herald of June 15. • Commenting on its
history: the Herald says, under a London date
line: "The report came here from Paris early thfa
Week. Those who mw ft were stormed. Publication was withheld by tiw newspaper owners, who
demanded that the Government answer the charges
and publish* them simultaneously with the report.
This official denial was not forthcoming, and. finally the report appeared in a London newspaper. It
stunned Bnglsnd. At first, English newspapers
could find but one word to use fa answer to the
charges. That word wm 'tie.' Still there wm no
Government denial. The following day another
iwwspaper printed tiw report. Today ft wm printed to full by two other London journsis."
Jet Bw conafortn^
belief that "our* institutions were not tyraniol
like those of other countries, vhilst every event,
from the Alliance with Claris: Russia—for Democracy of course -to the War 01. Sovtet Bussia for
law and order (also of course!) compels the
workers to realise the Socialist contention that
their interests and their aspirations are not being
considered, but that those of the capitalist clsss
slone determine the action of Governments.
In the last analysis, the   stability   of any claw
society, including capitalism, depends upon the sc-
'*^^m^lr*^mw**mJ ]t     * mmimrm ww^m^^^m'W*}    ^f^P"»SiWSy^P»f     wlfB/"'"*'^"'     ^g^r«^     wmm'Wm}     w^w*
ceptance by the subject class—the workers—of ite
ideas and institutions. Since capitalism haa forced
the workers to reject ite ethics snd ideology it is no
longer stable. Today only thc capitalist dam and
its Mrdfags rates tiw cry for stability. Jn spite of
the lies of the kept prem, an ever-facreasfag number
of thc workers are realizing that their interests demand "h fundamental change. The sacred concepts
of patriotism end democracy have changed into a
The continual development   in technique of in-   knowledge that m long aa they work for wages on
dustry, resulting   to sn enormous increase fa the   behalf of the owners fed the .wane of
amount of goods which tbe working claas produces   no solution for their trouble, is unwlbls
to a given time, haa not been accompanied by any
alteration fa its status m a  clam that merely get
wsges m a means of'livnhood.  Wage, being determined by thc cost of production of labor power—
(the commodity whteh thc workers makes hfa living by sailing)—can never enable the recipient of
them to withdraw more commodities from the mar-
ant than arc necessary to   maintain the workers'
traditional '.standard of living.; The flooded fabor
market sec. to it thai the  worker   does   not sell
above value. ■"•.';.,.'•■''.-* ^■.^•V-
Thfa development to fadustry, on the one hand
and the unaltered status of the worker oa the other,
1m. but one result economically. It leave sn fa.
creased surplus ef goods over and above that whteh
tiw workers can buy back, fa the hsnds of the ow-
acrs of tite msehfaery of production.   This   eon-
Nor fa that fertiliser of Man's
'•^absent. Sovtet Besses aad Bevtet Hungary, with
outstretched arms beekoaw "the workers af all
countries to follow their cjuwspte net necessarily
fa detail but at least fa prinripte. There the rule
of the exploiter has ceased There the contradiction between privately owned maehteery and aeetel
produetion has been wived. There anarchy fa production hw* been replaced by the eondoos operation of the productive fore*, for the satisfaction of
msn's needs. And dispitc the unprecedented disorganization wfth which the working dam had to
deal when it took control—to say nothing of the
mflftary aggression of the Alttes—they remain the
only countries where "lceonsteiwtten" te
place. Bmfflfty te, in the very nature of
only a relative term.   Nothing   that wa have yet
came in contact with hM been found to be abatable institutions are not
but merely thorn whteh conform to the Monomie development of tiw ttows and
therefore function fa enabling man and wan to
mutually tak. pert to the procem to whieh nature
te subverted to their needs.
Capitalism's institutions are crumbling because
tlwy ere tocapeble ot directing tiw management of
production and dfatribution. The working claas,
sick snd tired of the efforts of ite rulers to make
capitalism work, is now being forced to demand
that the old order be swept away giving place to
one fa whieh the productive force, shall be con-
etously directed toward tiw aatfafaetion of human
wants Thi. fa Socialism end ft can be considered
wuoirtiolly stable becaum it wives eepiteBem'e eon-
and   therefore   dhnolvM   tiw   dans
arising therefiom.     . v w?
We <
, HIB is the story of an incident in the attempt to overthrow  Bolshevism  la Russia,  by massacre,    it   is
* th* story of tea deliberate and inhuman killing ot
men and women and children by the Cxecho-BIovak and
Kolchak monarch twZTbJwZmm* HmZlhmm**
known In this country by a brief sjtd oaravealtog dispatch
Vhlcaapbeared In the New Tork Times.
The*%hole dreadful truth aaa now come to light.
th* Death Train of Siberia stands revealed
msanitude as one  of tha most horrible  <
humanity, not merely of this war, but la ail human
tory.   The facts are these:
in the fall of 1»18. tha Bolsheviki took the city of
Samara, tt was captured from them a little later by the
Czecho-Slovaks, who proceeded to throw into prison
hundreds of Red Guards, and others suspected of Bolsheviki sympathies.
The city WM soon retsken by tho Bolsheviki. And when
tha Csecho-Slorsk forces evacuated tho city, they losded
these imprisoned Red Ouards and Bolsheviki sympathisers,
together with sll the other people then in tha city prisons.
on a train. Fifty carloads of herded humanity, packed
as closely aa tf they already were the corpses they were
Intended and dssUned to become. Thst wss la September. . . Por sis weeks the prisoners on thst trsin did not
see tho Haht of day. except when the doors of the car
were opened to throw oat the dead. This assertion may
seem Incredible; hat It needs to ho amended only by
tho exception of a carload of women prisoners, who were
expressly kept for tha uses of the officers of tho convoy.
. . .The root loft tho train only ss corpses sad In that
six weeks eight hundred starved and frozen aad pestllence-
strlcken bodies war* thrown from' tho train to rot. It
had become tho Death Train, known all over Siberia, as
It moat become known ail over tho World, as a symbol of
the blind hatred and fiendish vengeance of the enemies
of Bolshevism.   ,''■''   ■ -   v-:-<-.,>' \J .  ;/K ''
..-■., After six weeks. It was halted at Nikolsk by soma American Red Cross workers, who defied th* authorities, held
the trsin against orders for six days, and rescued from
this perambulating inferno some two hundred victims.
And then the train resumed Irs dreadfal progress back'
why i
«s that General Graves had had a
***jm*m^^^ammmm a, u*RJ/
fta have hste. m isanlsiiy at tho different
• along the route, bat often for days at a time there
one to give thsra even bread.   Were It not for
i of tho poor villagers who, with tears running
down their cheeks, man and woman etna, give thorn what
afford, thsy would be absolutely without
This Death Train, it should bo remembered, is ah Incident in the rule of terror exercised In Siberia by tho
' ttessbS Slovak and Kolchak forces, with whom the American, British. Freneh-snd Japanese forces were, and are,
co-operating.      •
It is through tho correspondence of those American
Rod Cross workers in. Siberia that tho Whole story has
reached America at. last. Wa quote below some portions
Of the diary of Mr. Rudolph Bukely, formerly an American banker in Honolulu, now with tho American Red
Cross in Siberia, tt is tho record of a six-day interruption of this prolonged massacre. . . .We have omitted
. certain portions of his story which deal with the heroic
efforts of tha Rod Cross man to relieve the sufferings of
tho victims, and we have emphasized some' passages in
Italic type; otherwise the narrative stands aa he wrote it
night by night after Ion. dan of unimaginable deeps of
horror, It is an extraordinary and utterly convincing
story of a horrible thing which we believe the world wilt
not soon forget.
"It l* the eighteenth day of November, 1.18.. I am a*
Mikoisk-Dssurisk in Siberia. In the past two daya t have
aeon enough misery to fill a lifetime. . . .
'•I have read many times of the Black Hole of Calcutta.
« I have been told of Russian prisoners returning from
German prison camps wrecked' by starvation and tuberculosis. Only four weeks aso, as a foar-saJnnte man, I was
of .'hate.' Today. I humbly ask
for lor thoughts of bate, and pray from the
the ot my soul that I msy be allowed to play wMteffe
tough a smalt one, In trying to improve the condition of
men. whatever their nationality, ao that jHlfs.ua Intel! day
into the great Brotherbood, aad
i things aa I have seen may becom
"I have seen, tbroagh tbe windows of box cars
tweaty-fonr feet by '*". forty
www-^mm^*0 ~m*m***w      mwmmrw    ^0     ******}    svs.sf.
•eg children;
rWsigntae as Wteaa
> sil the anaolstakable sign of <
Siberia' now knows It. left Samara approximately ,
aso.* Men of the Russian railroad service are stationed
aa tar west aa Manchuria Station, some twelve hundred
miles west of here, through which the trsin must have
passed at least thro, weeks ago.   Since then It haa passed
on like a thin, accursed, through a land where Its
stricken psasSitsara found utile food and less pity. . .'. '
** . . . It left Samara*. . tn charge of some Russian
officers. It had on board at that time twenty-one hundred prisoners of all aorta. They Wore apparenUy civU
prisoners. Bone were Bolsheviki^ otheas had been «-
Itssil from the orison at Samara.    Ma«« 0* them said
■^"",'™ , ■• •¥■•     WO    m**********    wwwi    mrwmwmmmmim**^       •rP^****     mw>     •ajessmasa    ^m***m
they were throw. Into Jail for being against tee Dolshe-
rtkl at tbe time ths Bolsheviki were in control; aad when
a the course Of the fighting tho Csechs snd Russian oc-
Bs^Bs"jsjass.a\^eaa    *aavf>    aMsss.gsaer    asn^sBassB^i^e    w w%    aswan    ww aa vasw   wOaaso
tho prisoners teto this train, aad eent them out
^m^awMwwwwmMm-   ans^mw    ssjes^s*     esm***    uoaw    oaes^w     sssssasve m    jf-^MmMwrna wm)mm*! .
whea' we found this to.ma.Wa caravan in Nikolsk, eight
hundred of these wrotohes bad died from starvation,
filth, and disease. In albert* there is misery and death
oa every head, oa a scale that weald weal tha stoniest
heart. There wore, ao. near aa we ooaid count, thirteen
hundred aad twenty-five men. women, aad children son-
nod np te these awful cars yesterday. atneOMst night
ato have died. My aad by they wW aU die if the train to
permitted to io oa to such conditions. . . .
"It seem* a wicked" thing to soy, but the thought haa
to me that to km these people aabxleasty
■heps three dollars' worth of polsoa or
of ■ssaamlUun; aad yet for weeks this
of fifty ear* haa been wander tog. driven 'oa from
on stems*, every day a few ssore corpses beta. .
Many of these people have been in box-ears
for five Weeks tot their original clothing. There are from
thirty-five to forty la a box-car. measuring say twenty-
five feet by eleven, and the doers have seldom been open
save to eras oat the bodies of the dead, or some woman
who might bettor be. I have been told that when they
first started there were as many as sixty in many of the
ear*, bat death haa weeded them out. I have climbed
into these cars at night with my Sash light, I have gone
toto them to the early mornings and examined them. I
have soon men With th* death rattle In their throat, half-
asked, with lie* aad vermin risible on them: othsto with
th* whmlng grin of imbeciles, holding oat their head* for
a tew cigarettes or kopecks, chuckling with glee Mke ape*
upon beta, given them.
"Of anything like sanitary provision this trsin has
nothing, and tbe accumulation of flhh An   which   the**
trsin)   who  was doing  Red  Croi
^ZjW********        *^fl^^™r |    ~Ty      .^™^^^^0V      w*wr^*wm       ^w —
nauilla, She woirid have done the same work for any one.
A highly educated. totoUootusl woman, fatty years old.
rihe has been on the train for weeks. I have talked to a
gin under eights** yeara of ass, beautiful, refined, intellectual. She was formerly a t> put and bookkeeper in the
mayor's office at asaaam. The opposition party sot in.
ah* applied for the same Job aad get it. Later the
authorities heard of hoy former ooeopaUoa aad she was
sentenced to six day* la Jail. She wss toko, te the greet
net. She haa been on this train for weeks, aad unless th*
Red Cross comes to her aid she wgl die on this train. AU
the clothing she has on is a filthy Mouse and skirt, a sort
of petticoat, a pair of stockings said shoes. Mo cost. In
this fierce winter weather.     .
1 have talked to a man who ha* not the brain* toft to
all in
to co-operate, bat this seems to j
"We are still holding the train and have made arrangements with a Russian bath some three-quarter, of a mile
fronahero to wash sil the prisoner, tomorrow for four
hundred and fifty roubles. They will start at six o'Otoefc
in the morning and walk to the bath.    .. .
"November 22.—It is bitterly cold. There was a heavy
Storm last night. . ,.
baths are all ready and we are waiting for the flrst
Wt la the distance, against the snow, we can see,
i !!r*'Lof ***• ^maclng very, very slowly and with great
difficulty. Many stumble as they walk and have to be supported by the other prisoners. .*. .
•The first sixty have gone in and now there is a fire
burning in the yard where the disgusting clothes are burn,
tag. Inside, the unfortunste. have each been given a piece
of soap and are
are scrubbing themselves while the
l*?*'2 \°* *?°m •nd ** *n#m on fire.   The wagon
haa arrived with eighty sweaters, four hundred and fifty-
know the difference between a Red Guard aad one of any
other color. His wife quarreled with another woman, who
evidently lodged a complaint. That night he was arrested
ia hi* home, accused of being • Bed] Guard. He hss been
in the box-car for five weeks. He wlU die within forty-
eight hours. ... I have seen them die. and the following
morning I have seen their bodies dragged out of the cars
like so much rubbish. The Wring are indifferent, for they
the night, aad the doctor bad discovered neari> all the
living to, be suffering from distaste of different kinds. Including two cakes of typhus. Wo have since learned
know that their turn will come next . . . While the
prattle about liberty. Justice and humanity goes on, . . .
•Wp'bbJbW. WW bound by 'dlplonuM-y.' . . . WO are holding
the train. That to the main thing. It should have begun
goto, bach towed aaasmWjsat night, but it baa not gone
and I do not think tlSBi the Russtan train officials win Oar*
to send tf oht With us on the spot all the time, opening
tbe cars 'ourselves, talking to the prisoners, giving them
what hope of help we can, aad taking photographs every
day. We are doing all this without authority, and to tha
face of this horror W* don't ear. Who cars*,
"it h> issjnuiWi means*'
They are treated bettor than tbe men.
men. You all know why. In one car are eleven women.
We have Wt With them and talked with them in a mixed
jargon of French, Russian, and German. On th* inside of
the car hangs a piece of string. On it are tour pairs Of
stockings owned by these eleven women. The floor is covered with refuse and fllth. There are ao means of cleaning it, neither broom* nor buckets. They have not taken
off their clothes for weeks. In the centre of the car i. a
little wood stove, and there are pieces of wood and coal o„
the floor. All around th* aide* of the oar* run two row*
of planks, on which the inmates sleep at night aad att
hunched up by day. If there ever la amy official food for
th* prisoners these women get the first pick, ana their
physical condition Is much better, since eleven of them
have a car which would accommodate thirty-five men
packed in aa they are.
"Two more days have now gone by. Since wa arrived
a cooking car has been put oar the train, with a largo iron
kettle, and yesterday the guards claim to have given th*
prisoners a little soup. One kettle for thirteen hundred
and twenty-flve people, and the soup passed through a
window a toot by a foot and a half, by means ot an Old
rusty can! . . . Yesterday Oh* Of th* women was taken
out of one dl the cars by a Russian officer. He will return
her when the train pulls out ... Ia this ear i* also an
emaciated creature that was once a BUM. He wss a Journalist. His wife is in the same car. She has a very few
day* to Uv*w When the men stand they fUl the entire oar.
On the two rows of planks bsult along the sides, the dead
and the Urine ateep a* brat they may. We are told by the
guards thi* morning at half-past eight that thro* awn had
died during the night and the bodies bad been removed.
A* wo walked past the train a man hailed us from one of
the oars, aad the guards were told that there were dead
Inside. We insisted on the door being opened and this is
what we saw:
"Lying right across the threshold wa* the body of a boy
not over eighteen or nineteen years old. No coat, merely
a thin shirt, in such totters that hi* whole chest and arm*
were exposed, for trousers a piece of Jute bag pinned
around him. aad no shoes or stocking*. What agony that
boy must have suffered to the Siberian cold before he died
of filth, starvation, and exposure! And yet 'diplomacy'
prevents a* from taking charge end giving aid.   But we
"We climbed into the oar aad found two ether dead
lying on the second Uer of bunks amongst th* living.
Nearly every man tn that oar was sunken-eyed, gaunt.
aad half-clad. They were racked by terrible coughing.
They had th* stamp of death on ahem. If aid
eome quickly they will die. We Wed into a
only, but at ess* wtadow we saw a UsOe garl perhi
am nay by day from each car.
"Xovember 22.—Today we leave for Vladivostok. We
have done all that we could do. We have Just learned
that there are thirty additional cases of typhus In the
hospital and heaven knows how many on the train. We
have bought buckets and brooms for tbe cars, whieh will
help* little.
"Later I came down from Nikolsk in a box ear with
three American soldiers. It Wa* bitterly cold. We had
no Stove, but by alternately crouching together and then
at times wrestling and mauling each other around we
managed to keep fairly warm. W* finally reached Vladivostok at about nine- forty-five. I am hoping that I may
be allowed to go one In Blberia with Dr. Roeett and hunt
for other death trains. We may not have accomplished
much, but we at least saved a couple of hundred lives—for
a time. . ..,♦•   ,'
■■"*   e~    *■■■■   e      •
If any doubting reader, .till hesitate to believe that such
atrocities have been committed by the reactionary forces
to which the United Bute, government hss been lending
its aid in Siberia, we refer them to th* official organ of the
Red Cross, the "Rod Cross Magaxlne" for April, in which
appear* the full account from which we have quoted the
excerpts printed above. There the whole story I* told,
with photographs; and yet not the whole •tory, tor It Is'
stated in an editorial note that "propriety has demanded
the exclusion of much that is unprintable" in Mr. Bukeiy's
damning record of the facts as sent to Red Cross headquarters. . . . We are also Indebted to the "Red Cross
Magazine" for thi* further authentic Information concerning the Death Train, whieh Is appended to Mr. Bukeiy's story: m "
•Mr. Bukeiy's prophecy that the death train would stlU
bo a death train was fulfilled. As it went on over the
Trans-Siberian, first west then east, back aad forth,
driven from town to town, the miserable news of It kept
filtering into Vladivostok: The official reports of the Red
Cross Commission on December 9, said: -We have understood that the train of prisoners would be token about
ten mites from Nikolsk, on account of the unrest ranted
there by Its presence, and would be held at thi* distance
where we could keep closely in touch with developments.'
On December 6. however. Colonel Emerson, of the Russian Railway Service Corps, telegraphed from Harbin
that tbe train, now with thirty-eight ram of prisoners,
had toft Tltalkar for Chita. Thus we had information that
the so-called train of death was again on the road and "
" sn Into Western Siberia
"The officers In charge of tbe train received a telegram
" ad any- of the prtooaer* within the border of':
hat to take «bem to Chita, and at Harbin the
were informed that the sick would be taken ear*
of in the hospital at Poveyordte, which is twelve versts
(about eight mile*) west of Harbin. This SM merely a
hoax to get the train out of Rnrbin. ... Our next Information was that the train had gone west beyond Chita.
Another week  (Dec.  IS).    It now appears that
toward the west this train has again been
toward Vladivostok. . . . The train as:
rom point to point. . . .
"On and on, day* and nights,' Weeks running Into
months the wretched company ever dwindling as death
take* its cruel snd Incessant toll."
■ To thte account only one thing need* to be added, and
that te a casual sentence from the Associated Press cable
dispatch of Vow. 22 to the New York Times: "Other
trainlomde of human freight in similar straits are now
on their way eastward over the Trans-Siberian Railroad."
—M. E., in 'The Liberator."
*      DC
To the
of the Royal Seta* I
14,  ISIS.
a.— ■»    ■      — -
"It is the 22nd of November.. Thte
at seven o'clock and Jeft for the hospital where we had
an appstattoent with Dr. Uslssnlsff, th* military
wr arrived we found everything in a
four hundred patients with only three
doctors sad three nurses. Two patients had died during
that a week or so sgo two men were pat off the train
suffering from th* same terrible scourge. . . .
"Dr. Betoeateff gave us hte official report of tho conditions, setting forth, in corroboration of the stories that
have been told to me, that during the weeks that the train
had been moving to and fro, passengers had died dotty
from a variety of causes, including typhus, dysentery, ln-
fluenss, and ordinary starvation.
"Th* people on tee train have remained for weeks
without warm food, without boiled water, and many even
without breed. . . . According to th* testimony of officers
th charge of the train, the commandant of the station reports that ho had orders tw send Use irata bnck to the west,
but I am sure that among the pameugms there are stnt a
number of people so sick and exhausted that further sojourn In these care will prove fatal.'
ro are stiU holding the train by means of th* eo-
of th* Csech lieutenant, end to eaae of need he
he will put the engine out of order.   Lost night tbe
Wmmta that
but it is stfll here. ... Dr. ataaget arrived last night, ad-
"I wonder If you all knew the kind of
.fighting. I do. Too an fighting an army of
men aad there are no officers amongst them.
Is the same. They ask. why do we tight thesaf W*U7
that Is more than I can say; la fas*. I don't know why
wo have eome to fight them, and another thing that
counts to, they dent want to fight us. They are sot fighting their own clsss, the working class, but the capitalists
of Russia and ether countries. Since I have bees a prisoner T have been -treated a* one of themselves, and they
have given me plenty to eat and drink. I hsve atoo seen
one of our men thst lies in the hospital wounded. Ro ton*
me that he has been well treated and looked after ae *
friend, a working man. and not s soldier.
i "Now I ask you thte.oest.on: is it right, that the work-
tag class of. one country should come snd fight the working clsss of another country? We are not at war with
RoNste. and the Russians or* not nt war with us. but with .
tho capitalists of all countries, the people whom we work
for aad heep la plenty, while we. the working class, mere-
ly exist. If the working etas* knew why they art flgtu-
tng. and for who, they would refuse to fight sn/ longer.
Think things over aad ask yourselves, is It worth wane
kUUng each other to please other People, who ear* not
what happens, a* long a* their pockets sre being filled *t
our oxpsase, from what I have seen the Russians are *
good people and they are fighting for a good cause, a
'that every country to the worid should follow.
LAPHAM. ttth - <:■ :
A Journal of News snd Views Devoted to the
.-.„. .'Ff4*^****x ■       , ■•■ <
By The Socislist Psrty of Canada,
401 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
n ■
mi ■
■ : ■■
actual condition of affairs in
clement is reported to have
JUNE 28,  1919    committee and declared the
say conditionally end uncoi
event the reports say that thc rank and ite are denouncing tiw striae coenuittee .nd refuse to go
^ ,. -***$,m*m,'fm    t-prmmW*- bsek to work.  Evidently there is queer work going
tHE socialist hss few illusion, ss to the nature on, but whtever it may be, We. hazard tbe
of social institutions, because it is his busi- thst the rank and file of the workers of <
new to study them. The statesman has even fewer will save the day yet and some people's smiles
illusions about 1 hem, because it is his business to freeze on their smug faess, tie teat report in from
use them. And the muhitude-they sre .bw being the "Peg" is that the railroad workers and rutv
<iisillusioncd-by both the socialist and the states- ning trades are still standing firm. Yesterday,
man    Strange co-workers- fateful collaborators in   Vancouver, by aeeret ballot, registered ha will by
. Jlr. HSrtahorn*. Speech on
and for all, there * 'am't no sich party."   It    waa significant.   He spoke of the line of thought
^sai^-#t*1**ms:' mrtzZLv^-** "***■
no neutrals hr the war between capital end l.bor. ataWpt   iuevit.bly -lend
Either you are for late* or^on are ugaitt*rit< 4*uf*to methods of a
There ate only two parties to this struggle. Declare of the Labor Leader
yeUrsstff * at the organization
At this writing mueh cenfuowu extete ea to the
aa iin ii'i msbbbT '
f th   «trik
off. eome iwssweeV''
' eamnrnmn. .wus^^pwamn
.   Butinsny   the indiistrisl
d. and sug-
whole narty leaving
4*ate   smsbllmaasBsnuaaa.   emu'
Heitahoni      I
these potent latter-days.
'Observe the attitude assumed by the State in Can-
• ada during the strike.   From the very beginning
the statesmen nave rangtld ft on the tide of the employing interests.
The form of collective bargaining in dispute, in
what the self-styled patriots call the mother country When it suite their purpose, has been recognized
. for thirty years and the League of Nations con-
\ ference sitting in Paris has' also made provision for
it in ite covenant Tat Senator Gideon Bobertson,
in barefaced baste, jumped right In and denounced
the strike ss sn attempt to overthrow constituted
government. The elephantine boor had not the
grace to even make the pretense of an enquiry, so
anxious was he to prejudice the cause of the
strikers, which wss already heavily enough handicapped, as is always the ease, through the whole
capitalist press of two continents misrepresenting
them. .'.•■■'
The press, another capitalist institution: We
shalt not soon forget the shameful despatches from
Winnipeg, forwarded when the strike was but a
day old, of a Soviet established; of atrocities rivalling the Russian "stuff." Keep In mind the name
of the calloused fabricator, GL C. Porter," notorious
4'well-known correspondent" of the {'Vancouver
Daily Province,'* whose "stuff" it still continued to
publish oven though the first two-column despatch
■'-;:^"sant'thiwugh--waa proven an entire ^'fake-up."
We will not forget, too, the petty interference?
of both provincial and municipal governments, nor
the designedly irritating activities of self-styled
citizens' committees and leagues of various kinds,
financed and run by the same gangsters, and their
inciting pubHcatione, printed in scab shops, and
distributed free. The Bolsheviki funds, the soviet
conspiracy, the failure of the anti-foreigner pogrom,
the sttempt to set the Canadian against the Eng
nsh-Seotch-Irish "combination,!' snd. test, but not
Iry any mesns the malignant.' least disappointment, the rejected appeal to the returned soldiers;
all these will provide us with a stock ef jibes and
teers for years to come. Whst lsbor does object to.
however, te the tempering with the wires and the
mails snd thus aggregating it in localities to some
extent and preventing communication. Suffice it to
say that no effort lis. been spared by the opponent.
-ef labor, not to settle the strike—for that could
easily hare been done—but to smash and discredit
the. labor organizations, knowing that once they had
test their position when the lsbor market was unfavorable, that it would bo long before they would
recover again, if ever.   And then along comes the
5-to-l. 8788 to 748 to remain out because of threatened discrimination.
There te no manner of doubt that this strike is s
Woye on the pert of the capitalist class of Canada,    iwajttenf
Labor was left with no option; it was forced on it.   npon US."
... 'JMmM\mW~M*f \
thai wind */ Jtte anlttagnte: ■ ■*tam*- \n a asfiJMaj 'fee*
********* '*******.^$******mf:'*****^ araTwmN,majnmmn*mmu\
W. Lunn,-exactly a week later.   He   was
against tite fl.irrant elam distinction in
■ m**^^m^^mwwmwmwi       ^wm*>^    • mm^rwmm^^^^^mmwrr      ^^vwmmwv^ ■ ■ *^t^^w~w*mmm*r^m^*-^*^^      ««*
* in a sentence he linked that with
of Oasmwrintion and the threat of the
tiw military in trade disputes. "I am a
constitutionalist when it suits me," he said, and,
emphMising hte loyalty to the Labor Party, proceeded to express the hopa that the Party would
"withdraw from the House and join hands with
the organised industrial body to take whatever
means are considered necessary to destroy the im-
are being   forced
reveal the developing
But Labor te watching and learning and biding ite feeling, at least among a section
time. It has yet to move to the attack. The mentary men.
checker-board is the world and the little tin gods
of the parishes do not realize that Labor has a
cause, a purpose, a historic mission to sweep the
board. Labor never loses. It is nearer its goal
than it wsa fifty yearn ago. Is not that so, messieurs of the money bags f   In spite of tie many
of the
the cause. In effect, they stand committed to
social quackery, to ail the trickery and gerrymandering of bourgeois diplomacy and politics- and
when these fail, then to the last fatal recourse of
physical force. Fatal because, as the supporters of
etem has laughed tha winner's laugh, • d>teg aoetel ajrsten^ every time they use it they
it turned nut, he who laughs last   challenge their impending fate.
There te much talk (haw days of the drift
laughs best. And be careful, that when Labor
laughs st last, lest it be surcharged with too much
bitterness. '"^^^>"  ■■
In tiw meantime, fellow workers, stand to 1 Those
comrades of yours threatened
and those young, fervent fighting men of yours
arrested and in the clutches of those filthy, foul aid
men of finance, of trade and of politics; srrested
end in the dubious snd twisted entanglements of
master-class jurisprudence.
Bally to their support!   Close in!
wards the "left," that is, towards the communist
position. Much satisfaction is expressed among
socialists a/ this, but let us be careful and take into
consideration the nature of the conditions * under
which this drift haa taken piece. It will be seen
thai they are such conditions aa usually prevail, as
an aftermath of war. Disillusionment as to the
purposes for which it was alleged to be waged, dis-
appouitment as to results, industrisl and socisl disorganization and the resultant hardships endured
by those large masses of the people, who in the best
of times, Bve always bordering on the subsistence
m      r»      •   !•  » 1"* I       "■'mat'-' ■   >"*>***,» uw* mwmjM oonwnnsj on tne sniwiatanee
Or mjOCiallSt hAUCaiXOn   ,in* Bttt ***** -* ***8*t ot a reaction from   this
swing to the left, should some temporary readjustment alleviate in some degree the hardships now
endured, and as for the other factors, the popular
mind is notoriously fickle snd ite memory short.
More than one voice of warning has been raised
on this mattar, as is evidenced by the current
phrase. "November Bolsheviks," which te meant *°
denote those who have been eerried to the "left"
on a wave of enthusiasm. Enthustesism is a fine
emotion, but, a characteristic of all enthusiasms not
The endless.commercial competitions snd the
futile wars between nations- the struggles between
capital and labor, unemployment, and the poverty
and uncertainty of livelihood amongst tite great
masses of the people, are driving men to see more
snd more clearly that these problems are rooted in
the structure of the capitalist system of production
itself, and consequently, that it will take more than
a mere political revolution to solve them. They are
beginning to realise that the struggle between the • tempered by or not founded on knowledge, te their
workers and the capitalists elam hss for its consequences, s social revolution, and this not merely
because two great historical clssses ere tavoheo1 in
the struggle, but because of the more consequential
fact, that the inevitable result entails s revolu-
•tionary change in* the baste of the social structure.
The goal of th. proletariat te the abolition of the
capitalist system of production tor profit, and the
establishment in its stead of a communism of ownership in tiw means of production to the purpose
'of produetion for use. This means the abolition of
socisl classes as based on ownership and non-
There te no manner of doubt that the statesmen
and thinkers of the bourgeoirie realise at tine nay
arrest of the strike officials. Probably the lem we the serious nature of the socisl unrest, but they and
any about that the better before the trial. Other their governments, powerful as they be, stand unpeople may prejudice the esse of these men at will, potent before the problem, because tlwy stand eow-
But if tiw; alleged incriminating documents are no
worm than tiw samples published to tiw press, there
tea rod In pickle for some one, snd.it is net tiw
potent before the problem, because
minted to the perpetuation of the
of society and thus to tinkering snd patching with   strength on the rock af kaewted tn.   Thi
effects instead of solving thc problem by removing   business of the Socialist.
As s safeguard against reaction therefore,   wo
urge afl eranrades to push the enufetion of   the'
standard literature of scientific socialism.   Thisate
vital   . *;'
We have now Ott ante a fresh reprint of the Communist Manifesto by Mara and Engels. The reprint
te the most satisfactory and tasteful production we
have seen yet.. This pamphlet should be possessed
and studied by everyone interested in the proletarian movement, for in ft Is laid down tiw fundamentals of the movement, its historical basis and
the technique of its development It contains a
historical survey of elass struggles and the theoiy
that class struggles are the instrument of political
development in dam societies is also elsborsted.
Wfll every socislist make himself the active center for the distribution of socialist literature and
so to help to consolidate our   present   numerical
r*?#>* a r* .*fffl*M$m}*'j
■ ■'   ,   I fill
(From the "Socialist Standard,'' April, 1818.   )
a"T".JlE break-up of the Roman Empire left Ger-
X msny cut up into feudal territories with a
feudal lord over each. Then came the growth of
commerce whteh developed the wealth and importance of the city burghers. The luxuries of tiw
East won brought West snd enjoyed by tiw townsmen into whose hands gradually cer.tred all tha
handicraft, art and luxuries of the times. Thte
placed the feudal lord at a disadvantage and
aroused hte envy. He, who looked down from the
superior height of traditional regality upon tiw
lowbred townsman, found himself the townsman's
inferior in wealth and splendour. He consequently
looked around for means to increase hte wealth.
In those days the nobility lived in
castles and surrounded themselves with
bsnds of retainers and soldiery. Their
method of increasing tiw worldly possession
by issuing from their castles on marauding
expeditions- and lying in wait and robbing tiw
travellers that passed through their territories.
Wm. Jacobs, in his "History of the Precious
Metals," writes of the internal conditions of
Germany at this time aa follows:—
'' Those countries under a rigid feudal system were
divided teto various independent and petty sovereignties, sll jealous of their neighbors, snd frequently embroiled with them. The roads and
riven were insecure, and the protection either to
property or persons passing along them, dependent
upon the interest, tite caprice or the cupidity of
the various princes or nobles who ruled tite several
minor dominions. . .'. • No protection was
afforded to intercourse, snd commerce wee consequently almost unknown.   (Vol. II., pp. 23-24.)
As time went on, however, lying in wait for
travelling merchants became less profitable, more
dangerous, snd but a 'slow snd doubtful way of
acquiring the- necessary wealth to obtain the
delicious luxuries enjoyed by the rieh^riierehanta.
Consequently the feudal princes snd lords had to
east about for other methods of raising the money
the nobles. They formed a league (the Swabian
League) to raise and equip an army for tiw purpose of putting down the rising everywhere. White
they momentarily concluded peace with one army
Thc local prem te now capitalizing poor old
Bobert Blatchford. It calls him the "great Eng.
lish socialist,'' and features a tirade of hte against
the proposed general strike in Great Britain and,
they fell upon and destroyed another.   And in this   of course, calls him'"the greet English socialist."
The local windbags know so little about socialism
that they do not know the difference between u
socialist snd a "god killer." The latter job te V
Blatchford's speciality snd he te pretty good at it •
too. If he did not "get ahead of God," he at least
got ahead of the God peddlers. Clemencesu fa another one. Bobert fa also a humanitarian in hfa
way, that is, within the limits of "dear old Heng-
land." Foreigners! Nix. There are Liberal and
Conservative "God-killers" and humanitarians
also. Socialists have no monopoly of those virtues.
As to Blatchford's argument that a general
strike, aimed to bring pressure on a government so
that it will change Ha poliey on certain matters, is
an act of rebellion, might we ask what are votes
east at the polls- the purpose of which are to overthrow a government from its position of power'
Applying Bob's logic to this ease, any government
might consider an advene vote, say an overwhelming proletarian vote, as liable to put people in
power who would "break the nation," and because ,.
the government thought so tiwy would be justified
in holding their position by the armed forces of the
state. -
What is sauce for the goose is sauce' for the
It b a good piece more than half a century since
the reformer, Shaftesbury's time, when the "public" conscience, which is prated so much about, was
supposed to have been awakened ss to the sordid
conditions of life of the workers in
by bribery, chicanery, fraud, and force,
they destroyed the peasant forces peacemeal.
Each group of peasants formulated their demands in the ahapb of a number of articles, but
eventually the twelve article, adopted by the
Swahten peasantry became generally accepted as
the basis of the movement. /The principal demands
in these articles were:
1.   Bight of Electing their own Ministers.
Reduction of Tithes.
Abolition of Villeinage.
Liberty to Fish and Kill Wild Game.
Restoration of Woods.
Restoration of Common Lands.
Abolition of Death Dues.
Hen, as in England, tiw terete pursued their
time-dishonored methods of dodgery, promising
redress until tiw simple peasants had been put off
their guard, and then falling upon and slaughtering them unmercifully.
Throughout the war the peasants were remarkable fur their forbearance, and the lords for their
ferocity. In spite of extreme provocation only two
esses of alleged barbarity could be quoted against
the peasantry. In one ease n Baron von Helfen-
stein. who hsd achieved notoriety by hte cruelty,
and who had massacred peasants by the dozen in
cold Wood, was captured at tiw town of Weinsberg.
Tbe leaders of the United Contingent (the peasant
army that captured the place) gave orders that he
was to ue kept prisoner- but a section of the pea-
sentry   (aome of whom had suffered personally at   however, the report of tiw recent Coal
hte hands) had resolved upon hte death, and he
ww executed. Thisact was used mm an excuse for
the atrocities that followed.
The United Contingent, making the same mistake ss ihe modern workers, appointed as commander a dissatisfied hanger-on of the ruling class,
a knight   Goto  von   Berlichingen, and after his
watered down, fake the modern labor
leader, he played the game of the ruling class, end
hte vaccilating end t reach e tour policy largely con
duced to the early defeat of the peammte in   tiw    awey-eHing in the Boss's chariot.   Eheu!
to purchase the good tilings of the new life. Bight    appointment the articles originally formulated wen
at their hands lay the weapon   of   conquest—th.
farther exploitation of the peasantry.
fori Marx, in "Capital," Vol. L. p. 220, says of
these peasants:
In the 16th Century, the German pesssnt was
everywhere a man who, whilst subject to
rents paid in produce and labor, wss other-
at least practically free. The German colonists
Brandenbourg, Pomerania, and Silesia and
Eastern Prussia, wen* even legally acknowledged
mm free men.
These peasants had not sunk to the same level
of serfdom ss the English pesssnt. of this period,
although the degradation was soon to be aeeom-
plished.   They had stretches   of
an to the conditions now, after mny generations of
parliamentary reform. A big percentage of the
miners and their families are still liviitg, crowded
in one-roomed houses, under unspeakanle conditions, without baths or sanitary conveniences, etc.,
and on great Ducal estates at that.
Bobert- dear old Bob. why nine-tenths of the
Vancouver Beds once sat at his feet. It waa' he
tiwt first pryed us loose from superstitions of various sorts. And now he is eome to judge, metaphorically speaking, from   two thousand   league.
Eventually the lards ******** with tiw sid of
mercenary soldiery and a qmnttity of artillery, fat
crushing tite peasantry. .Then the wholessle execution of men. women and children became the
order of the day.
The majority of the leaders of the
wen captured, tortured, and wasted to death, or
died in prison.   It is estimated that  not Una than
slaughtered   during   and
after the revolt.   "At least 100,000
wen WBed," ssys the ultra-conservative *
and under   the system of corvee (statute   labor)
they owed a eompantiovely anwa) amount of labor   worth Eneyclopoedfa." p. 4623.
and produce to the lords. -
With the growth of the lords' appetite lor lux- of revolt (for early capitalism)
ury, however, the oppression of the peasantry and Catholicism, opposed tiw
tiie seirnn of their common lands developed into
a system of bsre-fseed robbery. Their rente wen
steadily converted Into money rente and increased.
Documents wen forged whereby the rights of tiw
peaasnta wen curtailed .nd their duties increased.
From the end of the 19th Century then wen
sporadic revolts on tiw pert of tite peasantry, but
these wan eaafly crushed. Eventually (1539)
then was a general and extensive rising of the
peasantry throughout Southern Germany. *
The German Peasants' War was. unfortunately
for tiw peanuts, a disunited and Imdry organised
affair. In spite of the fact that the rising was
general throughout Germany, each territory fought
out its own individual battles, and. although then
wen numerous peasant armies in the field, instead
of forming a united plan of action, they anaspired
to be Mlfauffieient end .eted locally only. Not os
Bobert, in the flesh however, is living in his cosy
the  roam  down
breexes blow, in pleasant leafy Norfolk.
In the hideous, excoriated "Black"
miner and hfa boarder come home from their sub-
teranean toil, black and sweaty and weary, to atrip
off before tiw family, for their ablutions in the half
of a barrel hi the oue-roomed house.' in tiw coal
camps and slave corrals on the Ducsl estates of the
nation that Bobert is so anxioua about .    *
And Bobert, he potter, about smongst the nana,
snd once in s while writes, to the Clsrion   or tiw
It fa worth noting thst Msrtin Luther, the apostle   'De^Deapaten, in   "lueuT    English m the first
leeinst   Boman    person singular, sbout hfa liver, his garden   end
rising wHh ail     --* Hun*' and the Boblwvfks, snd the young flght-
his power, snd suggested thst the best w»y to deal
with the insurrection was to exterminate the peasantry! He te reported to have written the following sublime exhortation: "Crush them, strangle
them, and pteree them, ia secret pieces aaahMaght
of men, he who eon even as one would airue dead
a mad dog." ("Eneyelopoedia Brittaniea," 9th
edition, ertiele "Luther."
Tiw German Peammte* War, like the English
Peasants' BevoH, was but a roe
an incident and ea accompaniment of the
rtes to * share in political control of the wealthy
burgher, of tne tewna
The eruahing of the peasantry in the war  fixed
thc bonds of servitude still mote   maun
their becks,   and degraded   them   to tiw
depths of vfflemage.   Many   d
their prostrate position.
tag generation that he dee. not
Of course! Bobert and tiw miner have different
points of view on nmnylhings. So hsve Bob Smil-
lie snd the Duke of Hamilton
then it was only to be precipitated into e still
servitude—the servitude of the wage sieve.
In the evolution of society only movements tiwt
an logics] sequences of soetel development can
succeed. The writer recommends thte point to
the consideration of tiw Anarchist
who mournfully moans for the return to
proprietorship or small ownership,
economic development .nd the results of tiw
mteutlfic exeuamttten of society. The conclusions
of the Socislist sn correct snd safe because they
sre based on- snd harmonize with, the normal
development of society. GDLMAC. -
(By   Oakley
Calvin   Johnson,
living to make, were   convinced   that the boon
m business fa s divine institution, but tbe fact that
then wen more people whose economic interests
ideas   were injured than then were benefited by King
/TplIE psychological importance    of moral
X    can scarcely be over estiiasted—if at all. itM*\ileohol led to the moral cuiulomnation of tiw traf-
fa amazing to observe the tenacity with which humanity clings to what te considered right; but it
te even more .mating to note the celerity with
whieh humanity, after discarding a worn-out
ethical principle, declare, that the new mw wss
right all tbe time but hap"n't been discovered. And
ell tite time mankind is perfectly sincere in thus
standing for tiw Bight and the Good.
It is these moral ideas that thwart snd puzzle
the minds of reformers in sll times snd circumstances. Some Pankhurat advocates equal suffrage, and is pained to find woman after woman
declare against her own political "emancipation"
because "woman's duty te to the hornet1'
No clear understanding of the nature of the
monl ideas pervading society is possible unless
based on a scientific analysis
these ideas. Thfa implies, <
posed causes be
accepted or rejected,
logten. it was God
ference between right
down from some Mt.
which minutely differentiated Evil from
human conduct. But it wss early
then wen many gods, and tiwt these gods did
not agree in sueh matters. Baal and Jehovah, for
example, sere both discredited. One after another
tiW divine rules became obsolete; Moses' "eye for
an eye and tooth for a tooth" wsa ruled out by
who declared for "humility
the other cheek," and now our
Hillte's have shelved Christ's dictum in
"monl regeneration through war," and **!
the Hun."
The idea of divine fiat in the morel realm, not
being supported by facts, was laid aside by the
philosophers, and Human Beaaon appointed in its
stead. It is plain, asserted tite philosophers, that
the laws of right and wrong an absolute, and if
are apply our reason we can find out whet te eter
nally good and what te eternally bad, then do the   able
fie, and is rapidly leading to its overthrow; again,
songbirds an now protected by law, and it fa s
virtue to build birdhousea for, them and feed them,
while a few yean 'ago they wen sadly neglected,
and in many cases rewards wen Offered for killing them. But at that time the birds were accused* of raining the farmers' fruit and grain,
whereas, tt fa well known now that birds are perhaps the most effective destroyers of insect pests
thst we have. Thus does Economics dictate the
"truths" of Ethics.
It is not claimed hen thst liquors used for
beverages ought not'to he abolished, or that songbirds ought not to be protected; the point is that
monl ideas are very largely influenced by economic considerations, by the manner in which people
make their living. To the southern slaveholder of
1860 chattel slavery was right, and to thc northern
factory owner of the same year it was right to
take the lion's share of tiie product of hfa factory
hands. Our capitalists teach the Boy Scouts the
doctrine of "unquestioning obedience," because
docile workers sre highly advantageous in industry; but the disillusioned workers in these industries agitate to "fan the flames of discontent." Great Britain and the 'former. German
Government, 'to give another instance, solemnly
justify themselves in their treatment, respectively,
of Ireland and Belgium.
The economic factor in .people's conduct,
by these examples, has loi
Then sre, however.^two other :
a part in history, and these an styled by
Enrico Ferri, the Telluric and the Hereditary factors, respectively. The first refere to the physical
conditions of Hf e on the planet-climate, geographical influences, snd so on. Thus, industry
must be a virtue in a cold climate, but is superfluous in tropical countries. The second, ^of
course, takes into consideration tiie influences that
eome down to us from the past, and their inevhv
to modify tea greater or less ex.
one and .ostein from the other.
The moral philosophers of today an very sun
of some, at least, of the absolute principles noon
Which morality fa supposedly based. One principle fa that it fa wrong to take life; but we take
tiw life of mosquitoes when tiwy annoy us and of
trees when we want a house The "eternal" principle is then modified to mean, that it is wrong
to take the life of animals that esn foal pain; but
tigers can feel pain. Then tiw rule is confined to
humankind only; but we hang murderers end
Our enemies. In desperation our philoso-
fiually apply tiw tew to young children,
for it is an "absolute" moral principle that the,
killing of young children fa bad; but a Chicago
doctor lets a hopelesmfly deformed baby die. Oh,
well, persists the moral philosopher, af course
then sre exceptions. But we insist that an ah--
solute principle in Ethics or anything ease permits
af no
Mow tiw true beam - of moral   ideas   haa
scientifically analysed and exposed by the Soatei-   fareaa^,which ft fa formed,
fat thinkers, Dietagen, Engels, snd Marx.   Their   ing ethical conditions   of the
researches gave   rise   to the   principle th*t the
economie interests of people have a very strong,
bearing on their conception, of what fa right or
wrong-   At the present time, for instance, fate
considered immoral to use or spread the use of
alehoKc liquors, a belief directly* contrary to both
the teachings and practice of two or three
ations ago.   But
'that hesvy mars of
the host risks, and
found to euffer through tiw
workers, and lot it was deemed bed to drink. To
ue sure, the brewen and
tent the institutions, moral or otheiwfae,
UMI grounded on the economic structure of so
Thus, the inheritance of Puritans and Cavaliers
modified their social institutions in colonial
America. At any rate'.all these factors are material causes of moral ideas; material and external
causes, not spiritual or supernatural or divine.
Hence, tiw method of explaining history on these
principles fa styled the Materialist, Conception of
History, or, mora simply, Historical Materialism.
Enough has surely been said to show that
Socialism, whteh teaches the materialist basis of
Ethics, te net "applied Christianity." Christianity
is essentially metaphysical and idealistic, while
Socialism fa scientific end materialistic. But docs
thfa mean that Socialists propose the abolition of
morality, of right and wrong! Are we no longer
to have "high ideals,"' This is not the case by
any means. Socialists do not sbolish morality, but
tiwy point out that it is relative, not absolute,
and they anew conclusively tite varying material
Since the prevail-
present time are
shaped by the material conditions of capitalist
society, the proletariat, therefore, should reeog-
ntee the fact, and decline to be guided by moral
scruples superimposed upon them try their masters
Proletarian economic; welfare, not bourgeois in-
tercets, must be the baste of proletarian Ethics,
Thfa proposition can be proved by a consideration of ,the process of animal and human evolution.
We see that Nature has mid down the inexorable
tew tiwt whatever is good for tiw species te right,
whatever fa had for the specie* is wrong. Thc
ileal of all virtues, mother-love—s love so
A Ubor m,mUr m# Britteh Hooa, of Com-
mons, speaking of the huge expenditures on the
Army, Navy and Air SeVvic*^ a* injd:
I suppose, he said thfa fa becsuse the
ment'. Pom. policy fa at variance with their aims
during tho war. Or fa it because we must hsve
another war to destroy the Bepublics end the objects of revolutions hi other countries. We have
to raise this enormous revenue because the policy
of the Government is not pne of peace, but is absolutely militarist and imperialistic. By this BUI
We an to raise taxation to find money to help
dictators like Kolchak to defeat the Bussian revolution. •
The Work of the Coal Coinmission.
Continuing, Mr. Lunn supported a Capital Levy.
A scathing description of tiie glaring elam distinctions hi the Budget- with its veiled taxation of
necessities like sugar and tea, side by side with the
enormous gift of 40 per cent, reduction in the Excess Profits Tux to the richest snd least deserving
classes, led Mr. Lunu to the bold declaration:
Our hopes lie more at the other end of thte
building in the Boyal Commission, which is exposing the hollowness of our industrial system,
snd whteh fa exposing the rottenness of our
landowning system, snd which is laying the
basis of future legislation. Bobert Smillie and
hfa colleagues hsve won the undying gratitude
of the workers by what they are doing in that
"the Oup b Ian«'
And, later, developing this line of thought, and
foreshadowing the possibility. of strong action by
Labor politically in the near future, he declared:
I am a Constitutionalist when it suite me, like
most members of this House, but I am sun, after
the imposition of Conscription by this Government on the people, with the threat to use the
military in trade disputes, and now a Budget like
this, which is absolutely in thc interests of the
rich man, the cup is full, and I hope, if our posi-
• tion in this House is not sufficiently strong ' to
break down the policy of tite Government- and I
k as a loyal member of the Labor Party in
things—we will withdraw from the House
and join hands with that organized industrial
body in the country, to take Whatever means are
considered necessary to destroy the impositions
and restrictions this   Government   is trying to
having a   forgetful of self thst the mother will die for her
child—is a direct, result of the necessity for
i-perpetuity. Species-welfare, then—not the
of Anarchists nor. the Altruism of Be-
ligionists—is the broad buds for a sane ethical
philosophy; and species welfare, of course, means
the sum of the material factors Working for tiw
interests of the race.
Now it happens that the human race is divided
into classes whose interests are diametrically opposed to each other. No reconciliation of these
classes is possible. We must side either with the
Bourgeoisie or with the Proletariat. But no
species esn secure the highest welfare so long as
it is divided into warring groups; and to aide with
the Bourgeoisie means the perpetuation of elssses,
since Capitalism can not exist without a clam to
exploit. On the other hand, to side with the Proletariat means tile final abolition of elssses and
with the advent of a elassleas society comes the
only possible basis for complete species welfare.
The highest morality, therefore, is uncompromising adherence to proletarian interests. Species-
welfare becomes for us proletarian-welfare. We
have "high idesls," to be sure—but we recogntee
that the Ideal must be based on the Beat Our
principles, being true, en naturally sheening to
tiw enemies of the   Proletariat, but let them be
* ami ■ #     ill  i   *1     *a*h^se    sVsV^. '" ■imaf"j'« mmm} n ss      JmmmmmS\     ■**** --       —— -      sssat^MBsssm
mmiurica u*r xm Tftutexkou xnn tmfb Are wuibb
shock. r-
A Journal of News and Views Devoted to the Ir
VOL.1   NO. 88
■ I ■ -    «    ■ ■     ■ ■ ■ Mm, .    ■       ■■      ■   . ■! ■P^«.« .,'       ,2       ,       , *"' " ■   I       I ""
i u - ; : ; : - L-i Ll^ J •■■w
,:"ri                              ,'.,-.?■: "''."WPP11-     *"~*^
A comrade who haa joined the Hungarian   Bed (Fnw  the  "Worker's  Dreadnought,"   June  7, hibited.   Tobacco is not lacking.                *|
Amy wires to the Avanti, undet^ date May 23rd, London, England.)                ■*• Ou^s^mmander Boehm   is   a   metal *,
aWM^^^rm" •                           '""'." «tei^fremiu^
Such "stories" as that Dr. Bela Kun has died of tion, a town of 50,000 inhabitants, was taken by the star for War under the Government
extreme hunger and that a general strike has been Bed Army, with many prisoners and thirty maxim when he rapidly carried out tite demobilisation of
declsred against the rule of the Soviets are all lies. gnus.                           'W'^ 1,700,000 men of all fqrces.   He has now   shewn
Here in Hungary, owing probably to the .want of Everywhere the discipline of the Bs^Alsuy   te his skill in sn equally rapid mobilisation   of   tha
- on the part of the Hungarian capi- Rood; they go to the front singing the Marseillain Bed Army.
^Me,toD*etetoTeh1»^imi-lmmatmmX  ia! a *** «»« Inteiiiatienal.   Aft Hainsag.   tiw   aeldte^ Dr. Bela Kun
nam rule indeed.                                            '■'■■'■.;"' l*is*J#!#.egmV-niJr ^M'^yilnnstsyilniMli s^au^nhunm aftapt. ■:•«» --.flan JBaaisn^^'l^iwiiw. mteWsn,   thinks   that
Dr. Bel. Kun is more slive tbsn ever, surrounded ned forth'snd sjwke. aeking un to convey   to   the the danger experienced by the Bed Army   in   the
by the .ffection of all workers; he is optimistieally workers in the faetories   the assurance   that the last days of Apr* a|^le beneficial effect:   it
inclined, in spite of the fact that nte country   te yvo*Urn in   aniform wiU *****   ,0   the ,Mt   **r hM anited ■**   mmikata   the more.   He,   too.   te
surrounded by mi enemy well aimed wrf WaU sup- S^iMn- hoP«^fu, of *»** ******* ^ sends greeting, tu til
a^^^ W1^mV*lno^
AH the factories here are working at full speed, rWninw hours, esrrying soldiers to   the fnnfc also volunteered; in our native country they may
in order to increase production for the benefit   of T1" *»ldten **«* meei^ivemiaidne^ •' bread nearly nail us traitors; we know   that we   are   amongst
all.   I have visited, together with   Comrade Mor- ****** *** ********* »" ***-? form; is strictly ^ito- brothers fighting for the only righteous causa,
gsri (the Italian Socialist) the gnat workshop for
agricultural machines,   the   "Langmasohinen Pa-
[ have ifaiLltoi r*i mmm        **n nAt^or i
Powers, the Hungarian people would be able soon
to produce enough for it. needs. Never hss the
countryside been so intensively cultivated- and this
year the crops will be more abundant than ever be-
*0**- ■ SlIslIP •       v '"*
I spoke with Capt. Arcami, of the Italian Military
Mission, which has remained here,   and   he   con-
-    firmed this view.   Naturally enough, the   Soviet
jj     Government's chief care at   the   moment fa   the
formation of a strong Bed Army.
The Commissaires for War, Fidler and^Szanto,
together with the Conmmander-in-Chief Boehm and
Commander Landely, and, of course, with the assistance of trade' unions and various political
groups, hsve in lorn than three weeks put together
an army that tan face the Csechs, the Bounwnians,
Yesterday I went with Morgari to visit the northeast front snd when we wen sbout a mile from
the Czech position of Mlskoleci. We crawled: for s
while on all-fours to avoid being hit and in order
to study the enemy position. That night that posi-
(Prom th. June "llew Bepublic")
Asf   but there can be
on the basis of equal dig
equality as much as you
sider those your equals
No*body takes
value.   Everybody kw
At 8 p.m. Sharp
Corner Goro end Hastings
. nteagkat, J. Bairtjurtan
of steel, rather than Mr. Gary and Mr. Schwab, the
manual trades will became careers out of which
tiar-equality of men, men do not need to "rise."
equality of men except y But this, you object, is to fly in the face of na-
of function.' Prate of ture. The lawyer's trade, you argue, is inherently
; you never do con- superior to the bricklayer's. Just so the early mod-
o must "rise',' /' out of- eta military officer would have argued the imposr
their status to yours. That every intelligent work- nihility of equalising the. lawyer's status with that
ingman knows.^ You ssy, "I wss once a warning- of the soldier. Was not the moat incompetent,
man myself; I feet myself one   with the   working   drunken general infinitely superior to even   the
shrewdest man of law! Lawyers as a class, you
urge, have a higher average of inteUeetual ability.
Perhaps; we shall have more light on this point
when we lay out as much effort on the general education of bricklayen as on that of lawyers. The
lawyer's work sharpens the wtts; the bricklayer's
work fa deadeningY That way lie true or it may
net? anyway what most interests society is tim
mental energy a man has over for disinterested uses
after the nnung of his living, and the bricklayer
may hsve as mueh surplus mental energy a* thc
lawyer when we end the working day short of the
point of stupefying fatigue.
It fa not proposed to reduce all economic conditions to a dead level; it fa not proposed to remove
tiw natural liawiiHsea tiwt draw men out of one
career and into another All that democracy ee-
quires is that th. manual tradm shall be veated with
iadustihl reapousabttty swd freed from the servile
incidents of excessive fatigue and sweated wages,
aa tiujt the young men of ability and pride and ambition who have a persons! I HWeneo for them
may elect them without feelj^thet tiwy an oom-
mitthig themselves to a nte of inferiority. That te
essential to dim*eracy> H m also essential to
>ur statement at ite face
that behind your words
cency.   "Even though I
etem, see what I have
there is a hidden as-
belonged   among
characteristics that dfa-
e for a higher place,
every self-respecting
of.  He means to re-
sad industry so that no-
k s*bout "rising" from
constructor's roll-top
bank or the bar or the
hte job and make
aa the merchants and
.go emancipated   their
The middle clam won emancipation by forcing
a society that lived by their services to give them a
<vetee in tiw conduct of public sffsirs. As soon as
the merchant and the tawyir got their hands on the
budget, the aristocrats' and generals found their
privileges elipped, The working class will win
emancipation by forcing society to give them a
voice m the public affairs that pow count most, industrial affairs. When conditions become sueh
that we s&l. consult the Putted Buildfng Trades
'rather than the associations of builders and contractors on the question, of the shortage of bouses,
when we shall consult .flff Ams.dun«ted Association of Iron and Steel Workers about the shortage'
then lurks a smug
wsa born into the
beepmel"   Mon than
sumption that you ne
tiw "lowly:" that you
tinguished yon from tiie
That is just the sort of r|
worker means to rid the
shape the conditions of li
body not a fool will e
the carpenter's bench
desk, from the farm to
pulpit.  He means to
a respected career of tt,
lawyem of two cento.
A London, Bug., itepw* ha. compiled a liat of 3J?
won now going on whteh will net be aff acted by
tiw signing of tiw Peace Treaty with Gernway.


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