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The Red Flag Jun 14, 1919

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Array W • '.--...■«'--•.;
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''mFrom the New
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William C. Bullitt was one of the investigators
■f      $ant to Soviet Bussia by the Peace Conference. The
■-*, ot tiw,investigators has   never been   pub-
.—Editorial Note.
rTpi IE resignation, reported last week, of nine
JL members of the American. Peace Commission,
has received little publicity and lem editorial comment, though it would appear to be as significant
a subject for disinterested rumination in the sanctum as any thst has come over the wires in some
tine; Some of the later dispatches are apparently
intended to soften the force of the first impression
tiwt the members resigned by way. of protest
against the iniquitous terms of the treaty. Naturally, all the force, of publicity at command of the
<*fc^ernment would be used to minimize the effect
of action of thk kind, and the United Press accordingly deserves tiw best thanks of all American
citizens for having" placed us in possession of a letter which Mr. William C. Bullitt, one of the nine
disaffected members, wrote to President Wilson,
giving the reasons for his resignation. «
We are glad to assist in making thk document a
matter of public record. -The time has passed, apparently, for taking the peace treaty on faith.
'Along with the process of disillusionment there
goes sn increasing interest to fixing the responsibility for what is beginning to be felt and resented as a deception of first-class magnitude. Mr.
Bullitt's letter meets thk interest; it does the pub-
lie the service of clarifying and precipitating in
plain words, a vague and perhaps unreasoned, but
wholly sound, sense of shabbiness and treachery.
We reproduce ft directly from the United Press.
report, as follows:. --^^^p **.,,,
Woodrow Wilson, President of the "United States:
Sk: I have submitted to the Secretary of State
my resignation as assistant in the Department of
State and attache to the American commission to
negotiate peace. I am one of the millions who
trusted implicitly in your leadership and believed
you would take notbtog lem than "a permanent
peaed P**** °» Bnwlfteb? unbiased justice." But
the Government hss consented howto deliver.the
suffering peoples of the world to new oppressions,
subjections and dWemberment*-r-a new eenttfry of
I can convince myself no longer that effective
labor for a "new world order" te possible ss a servant of tins Government. Bussia, thc "acid test of
good will" for me, as for you, has not ever* been
understood. Unjust decisions regarding Shantung,
Tyrol, "Thrace, Hungary, East Prussia, Danzig, and
tiw Saar Valley and abandonment of the principle
of freedom of the seas mske new international con-
Hiets certain. .
It Is my conviction the "present League of Nations
will be powerless to. prevent these wars, snd thc
United States will be involved to them by obligor
tlons undertaken through   the   covenant   of the
League and in a special understanding with France.
Therefore, the duty of the Government of the
United States to its own people and to mankind is
to refuse to sign this unjust treaty; refuse to guarantee its settlements by entering the League'of
Nations, and refuse to entangle the United States
further by an understanding with France,,
That you persistently opposed most of the unjust
settlements; thst you accepted them only under
great pressure k well known, Nevertheless ft k
my conviction thst if you hsd made your, fight in
the open instead of behind closed doors you would
hsve carried with you the public opinion of the
world, whkh was yours; j»u woulfhave been able
to resist the pressure and might have establkhed
the, "new international order, based upon Broad
uiuveraaT principles of right and justice" of which
you used to speak.
I am scrry you did not fight our fight to a finish
•nd that you bad so little faith fa tiw millions of
men like myself in every nation who had faith in
y«u.  .        ^
-—— ,aW.-,     -■<*
LONDON, England, (Monday).—In a wireless
message from Moscow to Budapest, Nicolai Lenine
slates that great victories have been won in tiw
East over Admiral Koltchak *s army and declares
that this theater and that in the South against
General Denikin are those where operations must
be decisive, since the reinforcement of the Lettish
and Esthonian fronts can not be as great as k
desirable for the present. The. entente's attack on
Petrograd, says the message, fc nothing more then
a political demonstrfetlon, land whatever/ k
achieved can have only a political effect
By John Beed, $2.00.   Boni ft Liveright, 105 West
40th Street, -NeV York.
thk book recently reviewed in these columns,
meeting with anything but an enthusiastic recep-
The capitalist press, trite to^ eteak bfefete, has.
welcomed it.with a flood of
Bookstores refuse to handle It in any but the
snullest quantities, and outeSd#0f a few Beaton
cities it is slmost impossible to buy it st sll.
To those of us who have read and
book, this is apparently part of an
to prevent the truth about the Bolsheviki and
Sovtet Busste from reaching the ear of the working-class of this country. ~*
For four yearn now the Socialist press has been
subjected to censorship and suppression, end while
the system tests, thst k a condition that will obtsto.
It devolves upon us therefore to make
those avenues of-information that tiie «.*,
rags try to keep us from. We ere for that retook
urging on all reader of this paper the advisability
of securing^, copy of thk work, and studying ft
that they may learn the other side of tiie Bussian
question from that presented by thc paid Burs ef
the bourgeois press.      --.fi--<«•* e,fc, t-b
BOini, June 13.--There have been sporadic-
strikes throughout the city for several weeks past
in whkh the demands have been for decrease in 'he
hours of labor and increase in wages, while■»;!he's
have been in protest against the high cost of living.
The most rerb.vs of the strikes fs that of 76 (Ks>
school teachers demanding a minimum of $2 daily.
Rioting end labor disturbances continue to many
parts/>f the country, r.r ending to dispatches received here todaj .
The general strike imNsples has been settled, the
workers receiving a>few<%wneessions.
Printers Refuse to Set Up Misleading
Corner1 Gore and Bastings
j W. W. Lef efeux
jSefere going to'press thk morning, Saturday,
June 14. we received the toformation that the
printers in the employment of the Publtehers of the
Vancouver "Sun,".had been fired for refusing
to set up copy in which untrue and inflammatory
statements were made regarding certain members
of organized labor, and on the strike situation in
general. The printers sre working men, belonging
to one of the most conservative of labor organizations, and as such, not likely to tske drastic action
without warrant. But they are to touch with the
organized labor movement and are capable of judging as to the fairness of any news matter or comment dealing with tiw effsirs of the movement, to
addition to thk, because of long practice 1n handling press news, snd sequaintanee with the methods
used in "making" tbe "dope" up, they are able
to tell at a- glance what k genuine news and what
k adulterated with "dope."
We understand that though the vicious nature of
an editorial was the\ ehtef cause of thte action, they
were also influenced by sn equal vicious snd inflammatory half page advertisement carried on
behalf of an organisation, formed smee the strike
commenced, operating under thc name of the Be-
turned' Citkens' Law snd Order League. "Who ever
We quote a few extracts from the editorial to
question, which bad for fe caption, V'No Bevolution
in Vancouver."
"Vancouver k now to process of reaping the reward of the weakness shown by the authorities
some months ago when a coterie of extremists engineered a strike to show thek approval of a dead
"Let there be no mistake.' Thk strike k dishonest to it's heart core. To attempt to explain
what the trouble to about,'would be a waste of
time, It isn't about anything. Nominally it k an
expression of sympathy with Winnipeg, but no man
can give a rational account of how Winnipeg te to
be helped by tying up thc business and
activities of Vancouver. In cold fact thk
demonstration by the "Beds" who hsve taken
sia for thek model and who hope tp m«be their profit amid the general confusion and overturn of
government   ...
"There k no means of knowing how mueh further the strike msy spread, but In any event it must
be fought to s finish. However, many may become
involved, k must be beaten and beaten dectelvely.
The mam of our. eitkens do not intend to let tiie
government of Vancouver be conducted from e
back room at the corner of Buusmuir snd Homer
The local union of this trade more than a week
sgo, unsnimously passed n resolution, to whirl they
practically requested their employers to be f.ir hi
thek treatment of lsbor during the strike, end offered to mnfet them to furnishing the public with
truthful mutter on tiw progress of tin) strike sHue-
tion. Tn. pram hen unanbuomuy Umwfl tins offer
down, and to so doing scknowledged. that while'
masquerading ss the ^^bJte" tnuejt^ehey were in
tiw game of taking aides, and that they were net
interested to publishing the truth, thst te, tiwt
they could not publish wfthbut distorting fsets
and misrepresenting tiw motives of organked
labor. The truth k they desire to help to pffaa;
about that "skustion" so heartily desired by the
malignant enemies of tiw laboring classes af--;-
mw .■
&*■.* . w<r WS.
■'   ^. W~- '  '    '.!'"   '   ' ' <MM\
(Continued from P.gc Six)
' "'    '■     ■'■-    :.,
■ ■
Italian, de-
Legal Advice, who were at first
«0 see the prisoners, tiw Department ef labor
finally forced to open   its files, snd as a
many   Of the   deportees   were   discharge*
mediately, and others were released oa boil,
tog further hearings.
But before thk could   be
were secretly deported, among them two
hi. possession .copy of the paper Cronaeea Sov-
qutskfe lud smother. Angcle V.rrichio. M.r-
rucho died—or wen killed—on hk way te Italy;
Vsrrichio was rushed to Ellk Island, a tetter he
sent wm held up^ end hk presence on the Island
wm dented by officials. Six Scandinavian L W.
W.V arrested in the West, were rushed fee New
York, dented tiw right to ana n lawyer engaged
far tlwm, and shipped to Sweden. Aa
named John Meehan, arrested for being a
bet of the I. W. W., wen'held for nineteen
M then shipped to England, in the nudst of
winter, in rags and without a hat, hte
having worn out to jail. He had been in
twenty-five years. Frank Lopez, a Spaniard,
bad been in tiw country seventeen
married and owned a home in
where he wm a regular member of tiw A. F. of
L., woe ordered deported because be called tunmalf
A "philosophical anarchist.'* Edwin Ftogsus, n
Pole, who has been in America ever since he was
two years old, thirty years ago, k held for deportation. Hundreds of Bussians afl over the
country are being held for deportation—chiefly
because they are Bussian workers, and m such,
possible Bolsheviki
Thk k only a partial Itet of the hundreds   of
aliens held, whose number increases daily.
The really serious aspect of deportation lies in
the fact that many of these elteus arc political
refugees from thek own
Government, ft k stated, fa
sorted from the Unfted*Statea
colonies in Africa,
of course execute any
led from thte country. And tiw Russians, if deported to Archangel en vmdiveetak, wfll be fenced
toto counter-revolutionary fermies to fight thek
own comrades, or be immediately executed.
American dtkenship doe. not protect the foreign-born worker. Any. judge esn decide that ha
took out hte eitisenship papers under feme pretenses (thk lws already been done to two eases,)
and he can be deported. Of course first papers do
not count But in order to take out first papers,
tiw fehen must renounce eftiaenship to the land of
hte birth. Bevocation of
pepera therefore lesves tiw often a
country, since he can be refused adasksten to hk
own land on the ground that he k no longer n
But to liberty-loving end   self-respecting
cigners even this fa preferable to
longer in America, the
on earth.   AH ever the
are being formed, composed «
return to Europe and are i
tiw oonulij    Hanfluili of
who have been here for years,   far
have, in the word, of B. B.
the deportee.:
.   .   helped to fen the
.   .  dug deep to tiw
.   .   buflt the towering
.   .   .   Isid the railway
ere now leaving tiw tend of their
ever—poor m when they came, ai
they have lost tiw best years of
health, and theirbeBef that tiw New
give birth to tbe New Age.
Thek hope k no more to
autocratic nations, a here tbe
still nothing mere then
en tiw dark side of the carta,
tinged wfth   the glow   of tiw
■■■:  • ■ ■   :
«■■ j,.
the Story, to the
The power of the Bolsheviki was    in knowing
whet they wanted end sitting tight until they get
ft from whatever aammbly they happened to be
in-   They went direct to the point.   They wanted
tiw industries for the .proletariat and the tend for
tiw peasants.   They went after tiwt without com-
without trading with any of their
nemks to get whet they wanted.
compel led to make hte profeamonsl
bow to Trotzky.   He had to acknowledge him the
greatest orator he had ever heard.    Here   teen-
other little passage from Wflftem Hard*. Story:
He wm walking up and   down,   slowly and
calmly.   Hegras not speaking.   It wm impossible for him to speak.   People in the audience
were spraining,   Theywerc speaking to him;'and
they were speaking severely and loudly.   The
words they used were "pro-German'' and "German agent'' and "spy" snd "traitor."   They
roared.   Trotzky   walked   up   and down, and
stopped, and pulled a cigarette from hk pocket
and pulled a match, and lighted the cigarette,
and smoked, and walked up and down.     One '
men to the audience, to Bobins' personal knowledge, bad a gun wfth whteh, as he confided to
hk friends, he would shoot Trotsky m soon as
Trotzky appeared.   He did not shoot   Trotsky
smoked for quite a white.   Then,   when there
was a lull, he raised his arm   and   lashed that
audknee into complete subjugated silence.
Facing the Democratic Conference,   Trotsky
"Why do    the    Allies fight!    Because thek
rulers make them, by conscription.   What   do
did net even bother to refer to the words
German agent" and "spy" snd
no attention to them.   He
into Bolshevism end toto Bol-
and spoke for the program;
. **aT^BSi^a     B^Undams^i^BiiHrn*BW*BT     mww^mmmmmmmmmmm\mmmia     .■%      ^ai^beNoVa■% mm     f^"aa m\     ^v^^a a. O^
■amwbljr to refrain from endorsing the ''Cadet
Coalition" idea and to withdrawing the .resolution
to favor of going on with the war. And then he
oamiBun tiwt audience and its'victor
The audknee stood, unregsrdful  of
't ~J&''f****ma\ya^at:r-, ^ .^nuum,-*,.jFium^amusntuenuwm   ^najpr"W^anw^^ajem^|-j^BerwjBW   .fj^vnaw*
•   ■■H wm buried.  Tbe audience stood and sang tite
song, the hymn,   died   "Tne International."
:*mm**mnw    ****'*'•• .-*fma:'*******§.   . ^^***mr*m .•        ******    • •■»j»»»»^»^»w"^^»»
They sang ft for thek message. It was thek
ward. They bad no wdrd for Russia. They had
no word for tiw army. They had no word for
the fight .gainst the Germans. They had "The
." It might have been sung in
It te today being sung in Germany.
It wm sung that night to Petrograd with the
of the singers. It wm the symbol of the
ef the Bolsheviks to that Democratic
of Allltassk,
mpsres Bobins' efforts to
of Bolshevism in this   splendid short snd
"After all ft wm muck like the earn of a man
hto.aag hte breath in the same direction with a
fuB grown natural tornado."
the BikniilhJi earn, toto power, "Bund.
to the gate of tiw world war wfth an empty
"   When the Afltes sdd "Fight" Bobtas
beard tiw answer:-
"Who made en fightt   The Gmr.   What did
the Car waatt   The DardaneUeat   Nothing.
"Why do the' Oernwns   fightt   Because the
thek rulers want? They went \ Syria
France and Mesopotamia for England and seme
Greek islands for Italy. When we ask them
why, when we oak them to speak their full
mind, they say this k no time for speaking.
"We will speak. We will apeak to everybouy.
We will apeak to the Germans.   They are workers and peasants, too.   Nine out of ten of them
are workers feud peasants.   Wc   do   not want
their land.   They do not went ours,   We will
speak to them, fend when we speak to them ami
toll them what is in our hearts, they wfll not
fight us sny more.   Why should theyT"
Bobins lets another cot out of the bag which sll
Soetelkt. know, but it k   good   to feel that we
have been backed up   by   so good an authority.
"The Allies, of course, were conducting a propaganda to Bonds.   All governments were conducting propaganda everywhere and whining because
other governments were conducting it."
When Bobins spoke in behalf of the Allies he
wm stumped by questions like the following:
"Comrade, we hear that to America strikes
are broken by using   policemen   end soldiers
against them.   Is thk true?   Why k it true!"
"Comrade, are there any workmen end peasants in the American Government T Are there
any Socialists?    How many?"
"Comrade, in America does not the capitalist
get the surplus value of the labor of the work-
Thc intention of such   questions wan
takable; and then, passing to the war, there
would be questions indicating a profound dissatisfaction with Allied, and also wfth American diplomacy.
"Comrade, why does the American Government refuse passports to Soetelkts who wish to
go to Stockholm to talk wfth the Socialists af
tim world?" '<? ;
"Comrade, why does America support France
and England in their desire for annexstiona,
and why docs it not urge them m we urge
them, to adopt the principle of no annexations
and of the self-determination of aft people.?"
"Comrade, why do not the Afltes, why doc.
not America, make a full and frank and direct
reply to the questions asked by Bussia regarding thc alms of the wart"
"All Power to The Sovtet" The five words
thai wan Bussia for the Bolsheviki, and to use
Socialist   idea   of   a workers'   world   for   the
■ '•■sa
SYDNEY, N. S. W., June 11—The annual labor
conference k evenly divided on the mutter of direct
action befog taken m to immediate eommuntem,
and an important factor to the situation te the attitude of the secretary, who te frankly deelaring
that the men «re out to win by direct action. Be
also eoademns tiw present arbitration tew. Thte
te mat by a strong statement tesusd by the ehtef
•rbitration judge te whteh ft te owpheolscd that
the community wfll rue the day ft? tite men', demands are granted .t tlw pktol point
ed the
to revolution.   The torch of Freedom te
out nf her bend.
tne tide, of men set eastward at test and the
fa past stopping.   Slowly   tiw   American
fa drained of fta ■nbiahnlw foreign-
blood all tbe greet American for-
i dktfflcd.
Thaw who ere not deported ere leaving of thek
own free wfll, so Vet them deport and be damned.
wjumso   ■asaMBWuaiiMak
LONDON, June ll.-Bokhevftr forces on Monday
captured Ufa, one of the cities recently token by
troops si Admiral Kolchak, after three daya ef
sanguinary fighting, according to a Busman wire-
wm oawpaniH rccexvca nerc toaey.
Kolchak *s srmtes, according to tiw latest ABmuT
luformstten, have retreated an additional 75 mflm
snd thek left wfag now rests on .tiw vfllage of
Serapul, 650 mflea east of — . . ■   •
I   ■
The Tide Flow&
 "From the June "Liberator
TBON B. Newton, Collector of the Port of
New fork, announces that the rush of
aliens leaving tiw United States for Europe tow
reached an average of 1000 per day. And the
capitalist press k manifesting uneasiness. Tan
follow ing from an editorial to the New York
"Evening Sun," (italies ours) te only one of the
awny now being published afl over tiw United
"The throngs ef afiens
buck to thek home countries have for
OUljpswml uy rate of out ward movement of population that the recent records can show. This
departure causes concern, pertly bstsnm of the
hws of worker, ft occasions ue .nd partly because
of the misgivings we conceive from sueh an expression of unwillingness on them people's pert
to stay here."
In spite of tbe attempts of tbe Government
Ogencks to.soothe Ameriean pride concerning the
reasons for the exodus, ft te more than n coincidence thst this is taking plsce just when the
ia Pleasing its campaign to deport all
workers who dare to be active to
lsbor organkations. This exhibition of Prussian
kwlessness on toe part of tiw authorities fa the
crowning act of the long end btoody history   of
usan^fnmaiaaaaBeanei    v^y—"* a^ai a ai^y ae    ^c»    m*wjm upa^aammm sa   aas*o%#*
One ef tiw principles expressed to tiw foundation Of tiw American republic wm that of '
viding an asylum for the oppressed nf the
Sib every other idealktte phmse, thte
! by Capitalism to cover fe sbam.lew policy of debauching Labor.   Under its
ing, the poverty-striken hordes nf
dneed to come to America, and take the places of
Anglo-Saxon workers to industry, for wages
whteh no man could   tive   decently.   In '
Jarre wm a surplus population, and no work.  In
invaded by mobs who compelled the clergymen to
preach patriotism in English. Their papers
printed to their own language were censored by
bureaucrats, and often stopped for reprinting dis-
•rticles end editorials frees tiw English
One foreign newspaper waa stopped by the
United States Pent Office far reprinting my name,
for example. Meetings of foreigners were invaded by the notice mid private "patriots" who
arbitrarily created tews concerning what should
of should not be said, and beet up and arrested
speakers who refused to conform. And the Uvea
of foreign workers were tyrannized over by private organkations sueh as "Minutemen" end
''American Protective Leagues," composed of
bankers, employers and the most reactionary hirelings of the industrial autocrats.
The barbarous Espionage Act, in ite revolting
character M a weapon of capitalist class domination, we especially invoked against foreigners
active to working-class organizations. In Bayonne,
N. J., two young Russians, Frederick Feodotov
and Anton Taicbin, were arrested 'at a meeting
called to organize a school for Russians. Under
the New Jersey Sedition Act they were sentenced
to ten years in the penitentiary.' Moflte Steimer,
seventeen years old, Jacob Abrams, Samuel Lipp-
mann, Hymen Lachowsky and Jacob Schwartz,
Russians, were arrested for distributing circulars
protesting against American intervention in Russia, snd horribly beaten by the police of New
York. Schwartz died from hfa injuries; Moflte
Steimer wm given fifteen years to jail and 1500
fine-end the three boys twenty years and $1000
fine. BJeardo Mfegon end Libredo Rivera, Mexican revolutionists, were given twenty end fifteen
years respectively for srticles in the Mexican
paper ''Be^feiieraition,'' opposing the war. And
of the hundreds of LW.W. members tried and
America there wm work for uB-brutal, degrad-   given long sentences at Chicago, Sacramento feud
fag work, at pitiful wages-but still walk.   And     'Hehita, fully half are foreigners.
*' mi.
by living like an animal, by
to nameless brutalities,   the feeejfn^orn   could
hope to scrape together enough, not to live in the
United States, but to return to hk home end Bve
there.   The tact that he returned broken in spirit    Russia wm
and health did not matter. V
Thfa then wm the spirit in whteh America wel-
eomed "the oppressed of the earth," Lured not
only by gold, but by the talk of freedom, the ab-
eence ef compulsory military service, snd the picture of the Statue of liberty on the steamship
companies' advertising matter, tiw slkns poured
toto our porta at the rate of mundreds ef thousands a year. They were bulikd and cheated at
tiw port of entry, hurled toto fetid slums, drawn
Into the lowest strata of the cruel machinery ef
industry, sweated, dubbed by the notice, shot to
strikes, and at the end, worn out before thek
lungs retted wfth tab trial a as, were
toto the jaite, or back serosa the melt te a sfafellmaut uiuwnaiitarj on American erriti-
satiou taut ef the meet intelligent fermgiwra who
came here political   Soetaltete,   a large   part re-
9m\   amaMia^snrmnn^w   eaoamas   ^em^aral"a>   emupusimaaBn*
war revealed the American todustrial aya-
tem  to  aB  it.  brutattty    Foreigners  to  terge
II ft'-I n    who bed teken eat   thek   first
were drafted, end many who had
uny paper, at all were forced toto tiw Army, and
if they refused to fight, were thrown into guard-
foreign languages, and the foreign press, assumed
considerable proportions. The end of the war
brought no relief; for in the aunt, proletarian
gigantic and luminous, inspiring the workers of the world; and to Central
Europe the Spartackks end the Communists were
swinging toto sction. Instead of slackening with
the singing of the Armistice, the campaign against
the foreign workers grew wore intense.
The end of the war left American industry still
mobilized, as the plutocrats were busy scrambling
for huge profits to plan for a conversion of industry to a peace bask. Sooner than take time
to plan demobilization, they preferred to ekee
down wer activities the moment war ended, and
throw thousands upon thousand, of workers into
the breadlines, where their numbers increase,
by week, m I write.   All attempts of these
Ma -      -  ■     . .    . .. —    a..    mm*mmm    mmmJm
to protest   or to meet ana
thek position are   mercilessly   checked
wfth the threat of uwebina-guna.
awcimipahkd   by   almost   uni-
m Oregon throughout tiw textite
, M I write, threatens to extend
to the steel and other bask industries   At the
same time .ward, made to the   workers during
tiw war by the War Labor Board were either dk-
•Mnmiofpfniiiinii oi
est espionaaa,
fag tebor
A system of
to bay Liberty Bond, en
•nd to contribute to tiw
wbteotert to the atrtet-
On top of thfa add tiw rapid
tiw Army, hundreds of
penniless on tiw
ket, no jobs available or jobs at wage, torn than
before tiw war, or m strike-breakers, to tiw greet
cities ef tiw country these amnesa, werhJem sol-
dk*berdm are being wwaateM into mobs to at-
md Talwr meetings, wreck radical
workers, most of whom are not protected even by
the inefficient labor organizations affiliated to>
the A. F. of I*c*aremembers of the t¥.V,
whieh has been practically outlawed, (although
the Government pretend, ft b not,) and whose
members .re hounded from efty to efty, snwjaj|ajfr<
and beaten, and even lynched.
The final attack by the todustrial autocrate on*
the foreign-born worker, came just whan tin*
powerful general strikes to Seattle and Butte had
indicated that the working-class of femmiro wan
at last developing a weapon capable of eombutltoaT
capitalist tyranny. Since December, 1917, foreigners active in the Labor Movement had been quietly arrested to the West, and after cursory
toga, atone, (no lawyers permitted,)
wfth physical force while being, qneotiound,
have been held for deportation under tiw Immigration laws.
The center of the movement wm in the great
Northwest, where the LW.W. had been organte-
the timberworkers and lumbermen. Thte wm-
the scene of the Everett Massacre, where deputy
sheriffs snd private detectives fired upon s steamboat full of labor organizers from Seattle, and
killed six.        Hii'--^  ..,'.  ,-. •• ;   > -   • •■ **»2*4^.
Thc same business men and manufacturers who
inspired the Everett Massacre were behind tiw
deportation scheme. The famous " Americans
Committee" of Seattle, eofwbttag of the Reverend
M. A. Mathews, pastor of the First Pimbjtectof.
Church; Judpe Thomas Burke, attorney; J. D.
Lowman, vice-president of the Union National
Bank; O. D. Cohin, general manager of the Pari-
fie Car Foundry; J. W. Spongier, rice-president
of the Seattle National Bank; A. E. Haines, general manager of the Pacific Steamship Co.; W. <L
Dawson, general manager W. C Dawson Co.; ami
William Calvert, Jr., president of the San Juan
Fishing and Packing Co.: issued a secret invitation to the lumber companies to give "moral and
financial support" to a network of detectives to-
be ulcced in thc camps and mills, wfth the purpose of securing evidence which would lead to»
thc ''immediate expulsion of all alien agitator,
and publishers" from the country. A further
printed statement by tiw same ''Committee*'
showed that ft wm endorsed by thirteen lumber
• ■
Bed Cram; if they
Thk k the
faced by tiw foreUm-born
The credentials of one' of the Department of
Justice agents who srrested the aliens show that;
he was at the same time a member of the "Min-
utemen," a private secret service of employers
authorized during the war by the Department of
Justice, and of a private detective agency ef
Chicago, and ako membership secretary of the
Seattle Chamber of Commerce and Commercial
Club. Another such agent wm on the payroll of
the Government and a large lumber company at
the same time. '■',*'
What wm going on in Seattie was repeated
mom or lem to other parts of the country. Men
were arrested on some charge of misdemeanor, or
on no charge at all, held for investigstion, end
then ordered deported. The investigstion. were
a farce. Membership to the LW.W. wm ground
fur ordering deportation. Some ef the reports of
Immigration agents read like a Soetelkt cartoon
of OapiteBnm. For instance, thfa from an official
to nunsMCfty:
"Tne atien tow no money, and te IteWe to become one of the migratory herd.   .
In February, 1910, a tram-load ef thaw «H
fortunate, wm taken across the country, with the
intention of quietly hustiing them out of the
United States. The Immigration official, interviewed reported tiwt the men had received adequate hearings, and that "the Oenrte cooperated.'; As .'matter of fact these aliens had
been dented legal defense, bad been dented nabees
corpus; thek ehtef crime wm that they belonged
to tbe LW.W.
Owing to the   fatereentten   of Mtes   Ckroflne
Lowe, end of Owrka  Benht,- of tiw   Bureau ef
(Continued an Page Seven)
. :
m- ■•■•
TSTHEN science k served to the public by the
J^F r fetergy it te scarcely recognizable to
scientific students. The Bev. Dr. Atkins serves
up sn indigestible mem for public consumption,
extracts from which have been reported in the
press.   He finds science sn sid to faith. He says:
"Modern science to its disclosure of an ascending development of all life, in its revelations of
inexhaustible energies, in what it conveys to us
of difficulties overcome end the boundless resource of creative power, does not forbid a belief in immortality; it rather helps it"
It is toterestiug to hear from a preacher that
faith needs help from outside sources, M faith te
.opposed to rest upon an inner consciousness of
the existence of a supreme being and to require
y no other support. Students who follow tiw matter etoeely, however, know that faith tow to be
propped up on fell sides these days. Thte te due
to tiw attacks of science on religious dogma. t
But now science fa to become the friend of religion instead of its foe. How dees Dr. Atkins
accomplish thkf Simply by giving science I re-
ligious twist, dry explaining science from I W
ligious, instead of scientific standpoint. Dr. Atkins
dees not see to science an explanation of the laws
of the universe. He sees it only as an adjunct to
•     religion.   '        -      '■•*:'•■■ .k*!08§&\ >:■■■:*■        \k:<:
To the scientist snd the scientific student, however, science k independent.snd stands on its own:
foundation of demonstrable fact. Science wm not
built up to support any prc-exkting belief, but to
furnish man wfth knowledge. The. only way it
can be alleged to support religion k by contorting
ft until it fa no longer science.
For example, Dr. Atkins speaks of an "ascending development of sll life." Thk statement k
seriously faulty as. a result of trying to make the
law of evolution serve religion. Tiw idea involved
is that there k a plan which the creator te work-
fig out through evolution.   -
But does fell life tend to ascend T Positively not.
In the organic field tbe forms whieh we regard
as high to the scute of evolution are those whteh
hfevc survived and developed, out of countless
other forma Which have either perished in the
struggle for existence or have reached only a low
Eint of development   There, k no evidence of an
-T-  i     .ill ii'in"1   ' „   . ii   '',"      ' i     asasra
The Vancouver "Sun" muboe
of being mystified over tiw   strike
fesses to see a difference
strike and a strike to protect tiw
ditions of life, nor k there any evidence in the
earn of species whkh have branched off from thc
main stem ef organic evolution and remain to
existence because they are well adjusted to their
surroundings. Neither the results nor the merciless struggle of existence which is part of the
process of organic evolution is . support to the
inna off a benevolent creator ' working out hk
plan, i
As for immortality being evidenced by evolution, let tt. look ahead and ace what we are
coming to. It te well known that to due course
thk earth will become cold and lifeless and organic life upon it, including man, will disappear.
Finally the globe will collide wfth some other
body and, become absorbed or dissolved into
nebulous matter. What will happen to this "ascending development of life" then!
Dr. Atkins goes toto science not for the sake
of truth but for the sake of religion, which te
clearly shown by hk further remarks. He says:
"Justice demands immortality." and "Love demands immortality and reason demands it." What
he should say is that religion demands it. But he
can scarcely look to science to meet thk demand,
insofar as life is concerned. Science has discovered the persistence of force snd the indestructibility of matter, but no other form of immortality.    All organic    being, die: all   organic
~*~       JZ3 ~Z~? '■'     '   !''V'f
"Mcendiug development'; to the ease of specks of
ditinn. .«f life *«. «. rUmmm mwmwr -tZHl im. ♦•..   w§* "*m**l to dkcredft the cause of labor, for
even a Icater luminary would know that the freltoe;
of >ropathy can only be aruumul ujwn a b«k of
same .octal or group principle having been ...
saul ted.
The eympathetie strike aetion ha, been take, b-
csuse s principle,   vital   to   organised   l.bor, in
general, is at stake in Winnipeg, that k, that' am
effective form of organization fur
the employers over tiw sols of
reeoffckefli Labor realism that a form of organisation' whteh fa not effective may afe wefl go tote
the limbo of other futilities.
A common principle brought men streaming to
from the ends of the earth onto Flanders fields.
Whyf For poor Belgium f They were told that
when Belgium wm smashed and France smash til,
it would then be the turn of Great Britain, and the
Americas, etc., etc.   > .
Likewise if Winnipeg lsbor k smashed, ft wfll
then be the turn, of Calgary, Edmonton, Vancouver. It will then be the turn of the miners, the loggers, the fishermen, the railroadmen, etc.. etc That
k the why of the sympathetic strike. It te
the labor movement has a history. By ft, ft
its enemies, fend recognizes thek old familiar subterfuges, reappearing as the day. go by.
species, including nmn, die;   worlds   come   «w»
existence and go out of existence.   Matter   and       Organked labor in Great Britain te
force alone remain.    Even man-made gods come    that the Allied troops in Bussia be
and go, but matter and force go on forever. Matter and force in one form or another constitute
the, entire universe, snd ft is the universe in its
entirety which k the only permanent thing, the
only immortal thing. Life everlasting hM ho real
existence, except as a pious wish.
But the religionist goes forth, not to seek
truth, but to reek excuses for perpetuating his
mummery. If anyone wants to know the truths
which modern science has discovered he wfll find
them to scientific books; he wfll not hear them
from the pulpit. Seknce is an aid, not to faith,
but to the elimination of faith and the substitution
of knowledge. •'        ' >*
that thc blockades be lifted. Thk te challenging
the foreign policy of the British Government, They
are also negotiating with organized labor in other
countries with the end in view of preventing thek
capitalistic governments from suppressing working-class republic, wherever they may arise.
Organized labor in Canada k so modest as only
to demand recognition of tiw principle of collective
bargaining through, the agency of central council,
of allied crafts, a form of bargaining they have
had in Greaf Britain for thirty yesrs. And yet,
in this country, all the power of
hM been exerted .gainst Canadian
:ft. 'Whyfk" V
Reconstruction in Trade tlmonisn* Today in Great Britain
(From Christian Science Monitor, June 4.)
LONDON, England.—Consideration of those
great questions-which come under the category of
that much mouthed word "reconstruction," k not
confined to the government or to employers who.
at long test, hfevc come to recognise that if they
"are to compete successfully with the United
States of America,'' tbe best thing that can happen
to much of thek plant k to scrap ft and introduce
modern methods and appliances. f
. A number of trade unions are, at the moment, re-
vistog thek constitutions, speeding up thek ms-
ehtoery for tiw more oaucdHteua handling of dfa-
pates, and generally endeavoring to fit to the new
shop stewards and shop committees' movement toto
"thek scheme of things. Others sre busily engaged
to scheme, of amalgamation, while at warn one
other, the Notional Union of Baflwaymen, tow formulated proposals, for consideration st the annual
general meeting, which seek to divorce the purely
todustrial aide of thc railwayman's movement from
the pclftleattide.. 'a
This hss been attempted before, but without success The "tadustrtelht" tiwories, however, have
made immense stride, during the pest few years,
and tiw resolution on thk occasion hM i fate cnaswe
of being carried: K re, the effort of tiw new iwiiey
wfll be to deny tite right of any of tiw luflnejatenu
organizers, thek general secretary, or other full-
time official, to act in a dual capacity. Mr.iJ. H.
Thomas, M, P., for instance, wfll be*aakcd to decide
wbteh position he would prefer to retain, the general secretaryship of the National Union of Baflwaymen or hte seat in the House of Commons M the
member of Derby.    .   .       »
.... "One man, one joy hM a sweet
sounding note that sppeak to tbe average man to
tiw street, ink tne real reason actuating the leaders
of the agitation ia not so much the objection to one
"man holding two jobs, m the possibility of a trade
union Official, who k also a member of Parliament,
being compelled to compromise or modify hte poliey
so as not to hurt the suseeptibflities of hk constituents Tn a word, it k alleged that he can not
faithfully fulfill hte duties m a servant of the
union, while et the Mate time "nursing** hte constituency; end they remind their critics of tbe un-
enviabk position in whteh those of their lesdew
who are ako M. P.'s found themselves among thek
constituents during tbe miner's sgitation for jotot
Again, tiw decision to sppoint a permanent secretary and chairman of the Miners' Federation wm
accompanied by the proviso tiwt the officers se-
teetod should devote thek whole time to tiw work
of the federation, and Mr. Bobert SmflBe end Mr.
Frank Bodges, who were both prospective parlia
mentary candidates, have, to consequence,
compelled to abandon their parliamentary
. In other directions, too, tiw
trialists are busy fend active in tiw
the objectives upon whieh they b.ve set
hesrts. to spite of tite opposition of many of thek
general officers, there hm just been launched n
scheme of amalgamation far three of tiw moot important trade union, to the shipbuilding snd ship-
repairing industry. The seewttes oamttincd sue tiw
Boflermdtera, Iron and Stem IhlehnMuniB Ssstety;
Ship Constructors and Shtowiighte'
and the Blacksmith and Ironworker* Bostety.
Wfth a total Wambsishte i
tiw amalgamation tow bean
tiw unions wfll stok thek todrriaiusl
become known m the Awalg.rn.ted Union of Bbto-
buflding F^gti^'tog sad Coeatrueth
As will be seen from the new title,
been made for tiw ultimate toduuten ef the
...    . a _ *B . fa      .*,!—    - W WW.—   , J„ , - mmm     A mm^mmmmmm.   m*mm wmmkmm. •
gsmsteu society ex amgmeera, tot .
societies concerned have, strictly
gsrded es engirwering trees
and difficult iraiwtan. of finance and
due to the difference to tiw amosmt par member ef
the accumulated funds nf each
surmounted, ae also the vexed
of the necessity of dkpenetef wfth eartoto ante ef
■ nafflaalwlm
Wm*XT*Mmm%*Wm A Journal  of News snd Views Devoted to tiw
Working (Sum. ver "World,"   take*   exception,   as a   matter of
l^iUhaki When Clmu.rtswco. and Rnapeee Permit   course, to tiw action taken by the Vsneouver Trades
By Tbe Booklist Party of Canada, and Labor Council in calling out org.nkedl.bor
in Vancouver, on sympathetic strike wfth tiw work-
em in Winnipeg,' ever tiw principle of collective
bargaining. Quoting Sk Robert Borden, the
"World" claims that tiw principle te already recognized by the Government and by the employers
401 -Pender Street Boat. Vancouver, B. C.
—- C. Stephenson
Editor .
-JUNE 14, 1919
to the ■'orlMw clsss in genera) and   to organized
labor in particular, is, k the form that collective*
n. -■Mganl'aa}'imi   smaeunnsUteakftau   *aVfBmuaW   earn   mm    ssoWmwllmm   siasman.'   eaen  ''
^■•i*    "   •   ammnamnn-fp^awaw   aasnwan.   nan   warn*   eUvvN • e»   'magus   warn
not. from lhat point of view alone k it to be judged.
Let the "World" and other, of fta tike take note,
that the wofktoa. ^mi^^mlmMthm^MlmZ
uassanw.. u nam   wa nee caa..p£   UMwmms ^s^n^^^asaa^pu "W sia^m ^ * aa**   a s.aoaa  man
biter  en fate  matter  of its own totereste.  And
furtiwr, note that the granting of
 ><.Mit.:...$\m,-i—    - '! ■	
mam?' m Problem °f
Social Unrest
and instance, the printing tredes, who it claims sre   tion, either by tiw employers or thek. government,
satisfied with collective bargaining by crafts.   In   to « form of
as a cynical
N these days of social unrest there k much talk
of anarchists. By certain kinds of people, mostly
'the bourgeoisie and their parasites, they are accused
of being responsible for this unrest However, the
Government.of Canada, having rushed a Bill
through Parliament, designed to exterminate them,
the unrest will now undoubtedly go to rest, and all
passing we may point > out to the "World"
there is a growing discontent, even in the crafts of
its carefully selected instance, against tiwt form
of bargaining. However, the "World's" implication is. that because the form of bargaining in
vogue appears satisfactory to thc printing crafts,
then it should be good enough for all other crafts.
mockery of those upon whom,
memories of the working class would be abort
deed if they did not remember thk same "safe"
and "sane" I monism whteh k now lauded to the
skies, being denounced ss of the very devil and deportation and imprisonment for ite spokesmen fend
will be lovely in the
.The Bill was
put through the two legislative houses in twenty
minutes. Just imagine! In twenty minutes the
bald heads solved the social problem. No more,
can unemployment, no more can poverty, no more
ladies, can tiw H. C. of L. be used as the excuse for
unrest. Those things wilt still exist, of course, but
the unrest, wfll hsve been arrested, by ukase,—with
the snsrehiste. :   \
It k asserted, very forcibly, that tiw anarchists
instead of. the method of bargaining through ellkd organizer, advocated, from the same columns   of
trades, the principle upon which the present strug- the capitalist press   and from   the   same brazen
gle is waged. ,    ,, throats now denouncing another kind of Unionism.
Might we call to the "World's" attention tiwt Only the dead could fail to observe that aummer-
we live and move in the world of stern, concrete sault.   The capitalist clam and their spokesmen and
reality and not to one of abstractions. For instance, organs sre suspect, with good reason, by the work-
we talk of an abstraction called Justice, but tins tog clsss, and sny endorsation or recommendation
abstract principle means   little until it msnifests of theirs given to something   which, it is alleged
itself in some concrete form. as. whose Justice is it. wfll benefit the latter,   k always taken with tiw
and who administers it, what is its specific nature, customary grain of salt.
Yes, the Bourgeoisie   have hud   fe full and free
hand in the control of affairs; the world has 1
theirs and the fullness thereof.   The
created the unrest in order to overthrow, by force,    thek political subjects and
established government. An anarchist is ao defined;
One who advocates or uses force to overthrow established government
It might be well to point out the inconsktsney
of the present bourgcok ruling clam to taking this
action against thek brother anarchists, in that
their own past history, as most histories fere, k an
unfortunate one, end shows them as, par excellence, the users of force. They drenched Europe
to blood for many generations before they finally
overthrew tiw established order of the Feudal
landed aristocracies. Ako te recorded against
them, tite forcible deposition of many a monarch,
and tiw substitution of one dynasty for another,
whenever it suited thek purpose. Bears witness
ako the bloody stories of the subjugation of in-
numerable peoples throughout tite world. And
wfth powder and »teei have the hungry and protesting been answered, as witness the hungry
forties in England, when the greet Duke of Wellington, garrisoned London with more troops than
be had on the field of Waterloo.
Bear witness also Egypt, Indis, Korea, China,
and the thousand tribes Of Africa, panting under
the blows of alien tyrannies. Bear witness the
world today, en armed camp. Force, Prithee! If
overthrowing of fen established order, or a status
quo by force, k the hall mark of an anarchist, then
by heavens the bourgeoisie stand convicted. If a
state of anarchy, te a state of confusion worm eon*
founded, then by tiw red hobs of hell, we have it
wfth en in the world today under the
BOMS, June 11.—Ramsay Macdonald, the   de-
and abstentious, fend also productive beyond the
dreams of avarice. And now that in the most productive days tiie world has even known they are
ground between the nether millstones of unemploy-
They have had, fur hundreds ef years, supreme
control of world affairs and how have they discharged their self imposed trust They have had
their chance and what a chance. During the last
180 years, tiw advance to the technology
ef produetion alone, has served to rake
productive   capacity   to   tiie   things
ment, low wages and the high cost of Uvtog, what
is their reward? "Stiffen up the criminal code,"
says the caption over tiw despatch from Ottawa to
the Vancouver "Province." "Amended Aet to hit
the Reds," etc., etc. Could ineptitude linked wfth
arrogance go further?
What lays behind thk legal camouflage? Simply
that the masses of the people are to be terrorized,
as in the Bussia of our Ally, the Czar, or as in
Bismarkian Germany, back toto servility and semi-
starvation, through the legalized crucifixion of
their prominent representatives. - Anarchy h Who
are the Anarchs?
Observe them! The bourgcok legislators, the
bourgcok press, and the bourgcok spout ers, trying
to break up the orderly protest of the workers in
Canada today, by concentrating their attack on a
handful of individuals, they are, in feet, carry- ffrgtend.
tog out the "propaganda of the deed," advocated
by their blood brothers in philosophy, of a certain *
school of anarchists. • Who but a bourgcok anarchist could invent or publish the blood wood Dick
"Stuff" sueh ss appear* in the capitalist pram
under the name of 0. C. Porter, especially to these
dangerous, surcharged, high-strung critical times
Nevertheless, in spite of every obstacle thrown
in thek way, and antid the fire of many provocations, the workers, are carrying on tide strike to an
orderly manner. This te u sure sign ef growing
knowledge and tsawciouanem of strength. Tbe
more tiw working dam grow, to knowledge of
what k fundamentally wrong to the present organization of society, snd the clearer   grows   its
here endeavoring to induce the Italian Socialists to
combine forces with those of England and France.
Uk objects are twofold: To insist on the abandonment of all hostile action against 1
gary, and revision of the peace treaty as presented
to Germany. Jean Longuet, the French Socialist,
joined the deliberations and both he and Macdonald spoke at tiw largest meetings to Rome and
The kernel of thek speeches was the same. Longuet said if the Sovtet was defeated, reaction would
triumph, Macdonald said the international bourgeoise was ranged against Busste and "the peace of
the ruling classes does not pledge tite people. We
shall prepare the foundation of a peace which te
not a deception."
Macdonald k insistent that there should be a
formal joining of forces but the Italians still ere
suspicious. The question of a general striae in
France, Italy and England in sympathy Wfth those
radical ideas waa urged by the Italians, but Macdonald said   he we.   doubtful   of ft.   success in
From figure, sunohed to the Coal Couuakston.
it appear, tiwt during the peat fifty   years   the
rnber of men killed in following thek
te 1100. • In twenty yearn tiw average
of people injured wee 160,000.   Conandar-
ing there are only just over* .minion employed in
the eoal' industry,   thte makes   tiw   casualty list
greater than that of the war.   Vet those who can
go toto paroxysms ef ecstasy over tiw heroism of
the battlefield are silent over that of the todustrial world.   The Bishop of London said all
previous ages. And yet to thk year of grace, they
afeet tiw indignation of the poverty-striken peoples
<wum blanket tows, ostensibly aimed at mythical
aafeani iliafelit but dmsgnedly constructed to terrorise and penalisesBthose whom tite protesting
people have chosen ss thek  spokesmen  and the
Aa^^A^ZaA^a      mmmmT ' M\mm^Mimm     mmmimmm^tmm^mtmmm.
orgsnisers or-uwir protests.
for human weflJwtog to heights undreamed of to   eeption of the means necessary to its emancipation,   entile.   He has been very silent over tite
by   of the miner. Perhaps tiwt te because tiw miner's
«r   demands threaten mining royalties, from
tite Btehop's own Church largely benefits
the more wfll it display its nctttieal
giving up riots and petty terrorisms. legaHxed
otherwise, to tiw i onopoly of tiw
ehteta, snd sdopt for itself
methods, and organized processes, to doing tide,
it wfll ksp out into tiw political arena as an independent hktorical forea       .-
-  PTopaganda meetings every Sunday night
pm. Empress Theatre, corner of Gore
mmW '
MM*m-^*™*^-    ' *^rfw^^i*4»uuamw p.^^^^^^ammmmmmamau
■   ■ '■'■'" '. "
J .. ' \ J. ...    ' .■■■'>■
An Estimation of Its Contributing Factors
By the Aid of the Science of Economics
EXCHANGE value being defined as the ratio or
' proportion in which any given commodity exchanges for any other commodity, it may be said
that "price" k a special cam of exchange value, to
which one of the terms of tbe equation is always
that special commodity which functions as money.
That te to say, that the price ef any commodity k
its exchange value expressed in money.
Variations in prices proceed from a variety of
csuses, which, however, fall into two classes;
those depending upon changes in the exchange
value of either commodity, and those whteh fere
merely incidental, being contingent upon the conditions of the market.
Assuming, then, that the exchange values of com-
' moditiea ere determined by the socially necessary
labor time required in thek production, it te clear
that to thc first class there are two possible causes.
First, a change hi thc exchange value of the commodity for exchange, aay, flour, and secondly, s
change in tile value of the money commodity, say
gold. -Now, to the first case, that of fe change in
the value of the flour, ft will be seen that any such
change wfll have a direct effect on the price which
wfll tend to rise with say increase and to fall with
any decrease to the cost of production of the flour.
The second case, tiwt of a change in the value of
the money commodity te just as simple, though possibly not so obvious, owing to the fact that the effect on price Is in an opposite direction. Prices will
tend to fall with any increase and to rise wfth any
decrease in the social cost of production of gold.
For. instance, in the event of a fall in value of gold
to the extent of one-half, we should hove to give
one-half ounce of gold for an amount of flour. teg;:
formerly obtained for one-quarter of an ounce.
Very well then, it te within the kuowwdge of
most people that there was a steady rise in prices
for a matter of twenty years prior to the war» to be
correct, since the yesr 1897. Inasmuch as ft te
practically certain that there has been a fall to the
social cost of production of manufactured articles
end even of agricultural produce during that
period, it k dear that the rise in prices could not
be due to tite fink of tiw causes mentioned, and it
has been assumed that there hss been a fall in the
value of gold during that time, which would
naturally reflect itself to increased prices. That
this conclusion wss justified k borne out by tiw
fact that the period in question wss marked by the
discovery of new and fertile gold fields in South
'Africa), Alaska, the Klondyke and elsewhere, and
* the invention of new processes for the recovery snd
extraction of gold, sueh as the cyanide and
chlorinstion processes, dredging and whatnot, resulting to en enormous production of gold at a, no
doubt, greatly reduced cost of production. Thk
factor k possibly still operative, but appears to me
utterly inadequate to account for the phenomenal
taw in prices tiwt baa token place since the beginning of tiw war. We mum, then, fell beck on whst
I have called tiw contingent causes. These ere:
First—The relation of supply   to   demand and
on. the Other hand, the high price tends to decrease
the demand and to stimulate production. Normally, then, market prices tend to fluctuate, now over,
now under, a point indicated by the value, or, more
properly, tiie price of production of the commodity
in question. All thk hss been upset by tiw conditions resulting from the great war. During tiw
lest five years there hat been an enormous end
continuous demand for almost all claawa of goods
coexisting with a diminishing supply due to the
withdrawal of the producers for military purposes.
In consequence there has been » very considerable
increase In prices, particularly of foodstuffs   and
which prices can not raw from this cause. That
limit, of course, k mueh sooner reached to the case
of srticles of luxury, then in the ease of absolute
necessaries. Aa a general rule it may be laid down,
that monopoly prices will be found at such a point
that the price multiplied by the sales will give the
maximum returns. This law may be better understood by reference to the well-known practice of
transportation companies of "charging all the traffic will bear." It wfll be readily perceived that
war-time eondhteue have provided . fertile field
for the exploitation of all aorta of complete or partial monopolies.
The Depreciation of Currency
Remains now the question of the depreciation of
the currency as a cause   of high prices.   By currency k to be understood afl bank notes, bills and
other necessaries, followed by fe marked though by   tokens, which function as a circulating medium in
no means adequate advance In wages. There factors,   Hen of gold—money. Representative money of thte
reacting all along the line, together with the advance In transportation rates, and in the interest
on money due to the demand for money capital, not
to speak of special war taxes on certain goods,
have caused a considerable advance in the price of
production of all manufactured srticles, necessarily reflected to prices. •
The Effects Of Monopoly
Monopoly prices generally result from n
conscious interference wfth tiw operation of
the lew of supply and demand, with a view
to enhanced prices. Thte; however, esn only be
done when the producer, individual or corporation,
has more or lew complete control of the production
of the commodity to question. The monopoly msy
be the result of one or more of a number of considerations, among which may be mentioned:—
More or less complete control of the actually
existing supply of any commodity; of thc producing plants; of the mines or sources of raw material;
of patents covering machinery or processes of
manufacture, or, as k the case ef public utilities,
by the possession of exclusive franchises.
The monopolist, in spite of a very general belief
to toe contrary, does not have an absolutely free
hand, and can not, or rather, does not arbitrarily
fix the price of his commodity. As we have already
seen, an increase in prices tends to diminish the de-
The Manifesto of the Socislist Party cf Canada:
per 100       Single Copies 10c
meetings every Sunday night,  at
8 p.m.. Empress Theatre, corner of (lore avenue
and Hastings street.
h Soldiers Are Still Fighting
CHALLENGED the other day in the House of   mania, certainly in Hungary.   Part of this army
Commons with keeping   too many men in   was to the Crimea—i.e., Odessa and Sevastopol,
the army, and especially with retaining men en-   recently evacuated.
titled to release, Mr. Churchill declared:-"Every Bussia.—In North Bussia, British troops are
day tbe evidence accumulates that we are keeping fighting at Archangel and Murmansk, and rein*
too few."  To color the world map to show where . forcements   go out frequently.     General   Miller
Q^ ■ ..j. 29. f*fffaV^    mmMMmm^mmm     mmM    ^AWA«^nl«>
rweoucL—-tuo exxecta or monopoly.
Third.—The depreciation of tiw currency.
These we shall proceed to consider to turn.
The Eolation of Supply and Demand snd Vtee Venn
Everyone known thst in the ease of any commodity where tiw supply on the market te ia excess of thc effective demand that ite price tends to
fall and, on the contrary, when thc demand k to
excess of the supply, thst the price tends to rise.
These tendencies, however, to an open market
where tiw commodities can be freely produced, are
offset by thc fact that in the firm esse, the low
price tends to increase the demand and to discourage the excessive supply.   In the second esse,
British troops are being employed, or troops fed,
clothed, snd armed by thc money of the British
tax-payer, at the moment when preparations are
being made to celebrate peace, would show sn
amazing picture. **
Let us begin near home.   *
Ireland, India, Egypt.—There are a very large
number of soldiers in Ireland, equipped wfth
tanks, machine-guns, gas, and ell tiw implements
of up-to-date war. • The same te true of India and
of Egypt. As Mr. Churehfll said: "Tne situation
to India, in Egypt, and te Ireland efl make drain,
upon us. a
Central Europe—There fa a Inge srmy of oe>
pupation on the Rhine, and apparently a large
army te to be kept there while the indemnity te
collected end to "guarantee" the peace.
Whether British troops are co-operating wfth
General Halter to Poland k not clear, but British   food, and hospital
(Bussian (!) Governor-General of tbe North Bussian region,) in an interview with s Times correspondent on April 29, declared "The Bussian
authorities are well satisfied with the aims of the
Allies in North Bussia . . . There can be no cam-
with Bolshevism.   It must be eradicated
money and munitions are assuredly at the disposal
of the general.    -  .
Tbe Salonika army has been renamed "the
Army ef the Black See," and its contingents,
wfth Bouwsntens, armed and equipped but of Al-
lied (i.e., largely British) money, are holding
down revolution   to Bulgaria,   probably to Bou-
Thc army of Admiral Kolchak, operating on the
Volga, Buaste, te equipped wfth British arms and
munitions (including tanks,) and a great part of
In S. E. Busste, Denikin'a army waa bedly
beaten by the Bolsheviks during March, but the
Times correspondent aay. (April 15, Ekateiv
toodar) "Greet encouragement bus been given to
the volunteer .rmy by the continued arrival of
British war material, whieh k pouring into Novo-.
Tcnstek  tank., guns, amnaunftten, rifles, <*Mhtoty
The East—To give any full survey of
ectirities to the East k impossible. There
British troops to Palestine, to toe Caucasus, for
Syria, at Baku. In Muwpotiwk, so Mr. C*nurehfll
stated en May 1. »,000 white troops of the Ex-
pedfthmary Force are being* retained through the
hot weather of thk year.
" i
kind, issued by a competent authority, will circulate at par ao long as it is "convertible," that is,
if ft can be cashed in real money on demand. An to-
convertible paper currency, however, particularly
if over-issued, (inflation of the currency) k subject to depreciation relatively to gold. Any such
depreekdion/would immoomtoly result to an advance ot prices corresponding to its, extent The
result "Avould be the same, so far as immediate effects were concerned, as a fall in the Value of gold.
In the absence of direct proof it k difficult to say
what share, if any, this particular cause has had in
bringing about the present condition of the market.
It may be inferred, however, from the feet that gold
k at present at a premium, and considering the
enormous issues of paper money by almost every
civilized country, that thk factor has been operative to some coraudcrahk extent More on this latter subject another time.
■ Comrades! I want to say to you that never wm
the prospect brighter. For 10,000 years the work-
tog clam have been fighting for emancipation and
at no time has complete victory been more neaT
—'• within their grasp. Never to the whole history
animal k concerned, has resolved itself into ""Bw.iicivilk.tion was a ruling class in so precarious
Class Struggle"—the struggle of the chattel-sieve poeition m etc now tiw ruling dames of all eon
against hk master, the serf against hk lord, the' trie.. Never to the hktory .of ^r^'kra wm the
wsge-slsve against the capitalist,   the struggle of   8ygtem which exploits snd oppresses you so power-
What Means This Strike?
(Continued From Psge One,)
 --'■■': " , ■ »:ii'»
The Socialkt Party to
lew to save iteelf. And never in tiw whole history
of slavery have the enslaved and disinherited of
thc earth shown such unmistakable . signs of
strength snd oonssteussmi nf strength. Class
solidarity—the recognition by workers of the fact
that thek interests are common wherever they be,
that dsm in society which produces all and owns
nothing to free itself from tiwt clam which produce, nothing and own. everything to sight.
And that k the struggle of which your strike te
apart *-'-
There sre perhaps some among you who resent
the implication that you are slaves. Some of you and the spirit which seta upon that recognitio
arc perhaps still obsessed by tiw idea that you are is growing every day, every hour.
f*Free" laborers. Let us then investigate thk free
labor idea. Let us apply s test to it. You arc
striking for the right to use a certain method in
bargaining over the sale of your labor-power. Let
us assume, for thc sake of argument, that the class
to Whom you anticipate selling your labor-power
refuse to bargain with you to tiwt certain way.
Ton will in that event, of course, refuse altogether
to sell your labor-power to that class. You would
naturally do that r.f you are "Free" laborers Mm-
lam perhaps you are in some way compelled so to
do. There are those calling; themselves socialists
Who insist that such k indeed your position—that
you,are actually compelled to sell your labor-power
to a certain class—but no doubt these men fere
■"Bolshevists" snd mean you no good. What do
you think?
I imagine comrades that most of you realise only
too well that what the socialist says k no more than
the truth. For you must have food to eat and
clothes to wear and a roof to shelter you. And how
are you to obtain these things unless you have
money with which to buy them? And how can you
obtain money unless you sell something? And what
have you to sell but your labor-power? And to
whom can yon sell it but to a member of or an agent
for the eapitalkt claw? You are "Free" laborers
indeed inasmuch as you are not compelled to work
for any man—if you prefer to starve. You arc free
to starver-providing only that you do so in an
orderly and democratic manner. And that k not
too much to ask, surely, of any good citizen now
that the world has been made quite safe for that
particular kind of democracy. Indeed, your masters
bavc been so considerate even as to provide a special police force to assist you to doing that Very
thing should the necessity arise.
Seriously, then, there does not seem to be any
room for reasonable doubt tiwt' you arc indeed
cxmtoafled to sell your labor-power to thc capitalist
class.   And I am sure that you are all quite well   been equalled in thk Dominion?
aware that the capitalist k by no means compelled      Do not think tiw workers to other lands are into buy from you unless he chooses.   And there are   different to labor's efforts here. 'The dock-workers
occasions upon whieh he dees not so choose. Where-   of Liverpool. England, have declared that they wfll
in a bitter controversy
cies and organization. The uncompromking, revolutionary element, to^tow York have ergan-
ized as a Left "Wing Section of the Party, They
have printed a Manifesto snd Program whteh hM
been distributed widely throughout the country.
As a result of thek work a large section of tiw
country has adopted an uncompromising, revolutionary position. The comrades of the Left Wing
.re now being persecuted by tho opportunktic
officialdom to control, in thc meet brutal and
high-handed fashion, for example:—In the City of
New York, scores of branches hsve been expelled
because they sdopted the Left Wing Manifesto
You are striking for toe recognition of the prin-   tI|d Program,   The State Executive Committee te
ciple of collective bargaining.    You fere striking
by the authority of a majority vote of your unions,
and a majority vote of the members of those unions.
Wherefore there k no doubt that thk k your strike
notwithstanding certain statements published in
the capitalist press to the effect that you have been
"bulldozed" into it by a few "Bolshevists,'* The
issue wm not raked here to Vancouver. It wm
brought about by the action of certain men representing the ruling class in Winnipeg.
You sre striking then in "sympathy" with the
workers of Winnipeg. Do you realize fully just
what thk means and ell that it implies? You ere
striking.in sympathy with men, you have probably
never seen, men you know but little about, and
whom you may never set eyes on. You bavc voluntarily accepted the inconveniences and hardships,
which are inevitably the lot of the worker whenever the precarious income he derives from the
sale of his labor-power ceases, to order to support
a number of men in whom, as men, yen have probably little or no interest
Why? There te not one of you who can not answer that question without a moment.
.bout to expel the Locals "of Rochester, Buffalo,
Utica, Queens, and Kings, for practically the same
reason.' The old N. E. C. having been overwhelmingly defeated to the recent referendum, through.
out thc country, Left Wingers being elected by
an overwhelming majority, have declared the
election void, have O.K.'d the action of thc Executive Committee of Local New York, and the
State of New York, and have expelled the following: Language Federations—comprising a membership of 40,000. the entire State of Michigan,
snd will proceed to expell every local fend state
organisation throughout the country that adopts
the poliey against the Social Reformism in favor
of the Left Wing.
"Striking oil" is an old phrase for making s
fortune quickly. The report of the Anglo-Persian OB Company shows that it k not out of date
yet. Formed so recently m 1909, the company obtained two millions of capital from thc Government in 1914, and in 1915-16, reported a profit of
and now for 1917-18 it has reached
figure of £1,308,500.
the colossal
Yotfa^ fl35,05«.   Next yesr the   profit   uesrly treoled,
whatever else they may bej they arc members   of
the working class—your class —and   you   know
that, as such, their interests are   your   interests,
their enemies are your enemies, their fight k your
fight.   Yen know that   You   realke tiwt  now.
And you act upon- that conviction.   That u\
no longer passively to endure.   And it k out   of
them three, ulMsnoMieloniiww, claisaolidarity and
amewfMeaman*4»T§       tuna*   Wv    vrvi f\ssi|£~vscnoo    wait       svigv    •aa'O
weapon which shall win its emancipation.
And you are not alone in your support of them. Meanwhile, stand firm! Refuse to be deluded
The workers in Calgary, Edmonton, Saskatoon, by reports in the capkalkt press that your corn-
Toronto, Prince Rupert and perhaps, by the time rades in other ports are weakening. From now en
thte letter k in print, Victoria are also striking to tiw worhtog-claw will never weaken. It may be
sympathy with thc workers of Winnipeg, and with that there will 4* lulls in the fighting. You your-
each other! Do you realke that thk te working- selves may by force of circumstances be compelled
class solidarity of a scope   But has never before to retreat a step, perhaps two.  But do not let tiwt
dishearten you. 'Even, though you are compelled
to return to work without winning all you demand,
do not count that as a defeat. From now on no
strike can end to a defeat Every strike, no matter
upon you immediately commence to undergo a pro- unload no Canadian ships until the Winnipeg strike what the outcome as regards the bumediate issue
new of alow starvation which continues until you k settled. Class-solidsrity te spreading beyond tiw may be. sdvsnces the working-clans movement a
enter toto your inheritance of ate feet of mother confines of nationality. In England, again, The step, 'fbare wfll bo no permanent todustrial peace
earth—or some other capitalist figures that he can Triple Alliance, a combination of three great labor from now on, white capitalism continues.
use you for . while. unions, hM. issued sj^ ultimatum   to   the British      Stand firm!  Do not give sn inch unless you sre
If these, then, be tiw conditions under which you Government demanding, among other think*, that compelled. Remember, the rtriktog workers the
exist—and I do not for one moment Imagine that the war against the working-class government of world over are watching you m you are watching
yen wfll attempt to deny them what an you but Buaste be stopped, and the economic blockade them. Every week, every day, every hour, yon
slaves?, If another clam control tiw means of sub- which te starving tiw workers of Europe be sban- held out, heartens them, and encourages some who
etetence which spell life Or death to you what are doned. Here k a manifestation of working-elma have not yet found thcnwalvw.
yen but stares to that class? Free laborers you way
call yourselves—citisens of a democracy if you wfll;
nevertheless, so long m you are dependent upon
the whims of a ruling class for your very means of
Bfe, you are just m much slaves m were the masons
end mortar-mixer, of Egypt in 1100 B.C. You .re
just ss much in bondage m were thc Israelites in
Egypt And the struggle in which you ere engaged
te tiw same age-old struggle whieh has been waging since the "Dawn of CSvHkation."
"But," I imagine I hear aome of you protest,
"it whst you say k true ft k a sorry picture you
paint If we ere merely pawns to a fame that hM
aeon unsuccessfully played for thousands of years,
whst hope have we of bettering our lot? It k a
gloomy prospect you bold out."
solidarity of a scope hitherto unequalled to all history. Here k strength and eeneetounuesfe of tiw law*
strength such m the master-class hM never before
hsd to reckon wfth. And so ft goes, fell over tiw
world, thousands upon thousands of workers are
striking and declaring thek common interest with
the working-class the world over. All over the
world strikes and todustrial unrest betray the determined temper of the workers and indicate the
trend of events.
And you, my enmrades^avery one of you te doing
hk or her part. Every one who strikes Is helping
in the spread of working-class solidarity, is paving
the way to flans foimknniiiM^ tim Tinllintlan of
one's nosftten to human society te promoting the
spread of ndUtaney—thc determination to an
Be .crapulous to your regard far
Talk no violence, snd permit none to do
you here everything to lose and
nothing to gain by violence. Be on your guard
against attempts to provoke you to disorder. Nothing would please your masters more, st thte juncture, than an excuse for resorting to force.
And, above sB, be ef good heart. Thc working-
clam the wide world over k awakening from fta
teaf nightmare of degradation and misery. The
great working-etem gtent Is rkfag to hk feet. In
all countries can be heard the rattle ef tiw chains
whteh fetter him and which, to tiw coming eon-
aefauanew of new found strength, ha wfll shortly
break asunder and east from bbn. The dawn te
breaking. C.K.
.+ ft
m dsevor
principle   of   collective   bargaining.   That
i. the immediate issue. But the struggle,to
whkh you sre engaged, snd of which your
particulsr strike is but a^fert, te of far greater
scope and far deeper significance than any mere
matter   of wages or   '*" ""^    -**■"-*-  **-
Yen  are  striking  in   an en-   cost to you of it. food you would have no desire to whicktbeM4w^
to   enforce   recognition   of   the   «***» tiwt horse. But just m soon m ft becomes pes- owned the land possessed the product of the
—        sible tor you to use that horse in such a manner as labor, mid more or less power over hk life.
to produce for you more than the cost of its mam- further economic development and Feudalkm
tainence, just so soon does tost.horse become a more turn gave place to capitalism, under which tiw serf
or lem desuahta.pominrwn    to   like   manner, as , -became the wage-laborer, who is bound to the ma-
__      soon as that stage   of development   was reached chine of social production and whoever owns   the
.V the   ^bcre it was possible for mail   to   produce mow machine, own. the product of the wage-laborer, and
mare, or 1cm power over hk
method by which such m.ttereebaflbe adjusted. than wm neccmary to ^wa&^^-jdmM innn^.inni consequently
Thk struggle, in whkh, by the very act of stmk- #nn^ W^     •   . \.                     ,■>.,:
tog, you arc now, consciously or unconsciously tak- tne question of who were the first staves and what , Thus during all tiw period of social and economic
toff an active part, Is one of the oldest to tiw bis- ***« the method ofclhokenslavement, though femat- development, there continued to exist two distinct
tory of society.  It dates from that "dawn of mvili- ter for curious speculation k of no importance  to ;ftosee* to society-tiwyexphnted and.the exploiters
xation'' about which some of our school histories thk connection.  Suffice ft to state tiwt ft wafe out --and still the elam struggle goes on;; Hktory to
•JTT.fi-                          .._     -   . ' -a...-: ^ ..*'■■■■     ■■ ■ ■'•*■»' *•■ ■-■•■'    mkmm    k«.fl..    ..,i4I«iaJ     .Kammi    thaf full   *\t  iMantfa.IJrt.H '■'    "M la         MIL   •'         -.ivr*  V..     * - ''■*''.     mfei'~ ;•;:
speak so eloquently and, in fact, hM its roots in that
very tiring which te the bask of all civilization,
ancient and modern. That thing is human slavery,
obtain a proper understanding of tiw nature
we humans belong, there is continually being waged
a struggle which scientists have named "The
Struggle for Existence.'' In the >)finel analysis,
this may be said to appear as s struggle to obtain
the means of subsistence, namely, food. Most forms
of life are absolutely at the mercy of natural con-
of such conditions as briefly outlined above that
the institution of slavery arose. iy
Meanwhile, the struggle for existence on the
part of mankind, taking the form of still further
Uavek|mwu4Ptthe^hUi^.jte^wu|rol natural forces
Thus developed "The aaasiStruggle."
full of msnifcstatiejns of it. There exists today
written record of a great slave strike, with wli
no doubt many of you are more or less familiar. It
occurred as far back as the fourteenth century B.C.
A detailed account of it is to be found in the book
called "Exodus." In thk strike over a. million
personaw.--.. Invc • ■    -(1111*
work, but tliey shook the dust from off their feet
and went away from tbe land of Egypt in a body.
As time.went on, further developments of the    Home time later, in \W0 B.Ci, the masons, mortar
means and methods of production brought about
corresponding changes in the structure of society.
Chattel-slavery, in which the' slave was the    ab-
i   ...   _:_,_.».'.'_::—__1a a —I  1„A1..1A~.J%  ^m 4Umw*.\_
tog etessy Rave place to   Feudal   Serfdom, linder
No Conscription Resolution of the' Miners*
Federation.        ;   v;
ditions in thk connection.   Tlwy depend entirely   solute private property of an individual of the nil
upon the kind and quantity of feed wln^imtoJe "" -   - - » ...
spontaneously furnishes them. No matter how pro-
llfically they may propagate, their numbers can
never exceed that limit which tiw available food
supply Imposes. Having no control over their food
supply it follows that if for any reason, such as, for
instance, adverse climatic conditions, their available supply of food k diminished great numbers of
them must perish. Obviously under such condition's
m these practically the whole available time and
energy of the individual must ht expended in the
search and struggle for food.
Out of thk* struggle for existence man bw
emerged conspicuously ahead of ajfl other animals.
Some time, way back m* the early hktory of tbe
human race, be began to develop the abflitu to control to some degree hte supply of food. He began
mixers and hod-carriers— all slaves—engaged JW
building one of the Egyptian pyramids, staged a
nine-hour day strike for more pay—and got it.
There are those who would have you believe that
you can not be slaves while you have the right to
strike. But these men were able to strike and get
thek demands. And they were slaves. Some of yen
perhaps imagine that while you have the right to
organize you can not be slaves. But there exist"
today historical records of the fact that some 600
years before the beginning of the Christian era, the
workers were granted the right to organize, and did
organize—there were great numbers of trade
unions in those days—sn*d they were sll staves.
Historical records arc overflowing with literally
hundreds of such strikes m the two I have mentioned. So you, see that thk business k quite an
ancient affair, and has been hanging fire, m it were
(From "ContmonSense,'' Msreh 29.)
The lies told in the name of Mr. Hoyd George
and placarded over toe country by Coalition candidates at the General Election have come home
to roost.'  air. Churchill's Bill for continuing eon-
seription after the   Peace   hM   exasperated the  dw7^, T% j, ^ «** ft wm settled once antf for
country, whteh   wants   to   restore   boncsty and   ^ don^ _OT-4^|
  veracity in public life   *> on   Wednesday    the       -, . .        fan
jro. xo some *-*^':*"*££ "' .^T\^J^T." MinetV Federation, after completing ite confer- ?f ?"*"*■**■ **™* *>' e?tetWiee m U*
todevelop the •rt^^^^w*Tr^ fra* « ina^r^nMmtZ%^. welt on to dk- ~%£? ******* ***^™» n#fe
food. Inshort,hebceanto«scoverbowtobanumw •«  » «*' irTJSSS^! 1 wm *La « _La  *>»*'***•»•♦ nmy be sfefete   regarded   m sn ever-
t?^u? ^TuSi .Mit. — thm Oaaava. •* «Hnumw-at IN fcal that with modern method.
~ ^L 1 sTna^^Z; * 1^*~** » - *>-»»• for -an to produce n
*.* j \TJLV£ ************ feg^lbe iwcewftka and comforte of
■J *£ Ma with but eom]wrativeb/ alight effort regardlem
*nww  "0.™"^''   wa. **r
the forces of nsture snd use them to supply
ueeus.. *'\ .     ^ '
Once started along thte line of development ft
was not very long, comparatively speaking, before
man found that ft wm no longer neeemary for bhn
to spend all bk waking hours in tbe sesreb for
food. It became possible for him to produce more
than he could consume.   As soon as this stage   of
institution of slavery upon wmen   oirr   glorious
elvukation Is built.
It wfll be obvious that so long1 ss fe man's utmost
endeavours can produce no more than te necessary
to feed him there wfll be no advantage to posses
;stog that man or exercising any control over trim.
i work-borse could produce no more tbsn   tbe
tempt ef tiw Quikawanl to fasten conscription
.on  this  country byoaenns of tiw Bill now before
en sum sa^iiwBB.^BssiBawB   wn^^^mwamm ama^mma}   eaaa    aaas^.   ■.w^bb'. aj^op   ^apsse*oai*^a^^^B^ a    i.sibbpsb>
Ak fnrem* narvtee Bffl, and ceB upon the; Oov-
nt  withdraw   this Bffl, or,
man>uPMP*a**w^pan   ewe   esmewm  w mwsaa
tiw   oTgaaked Labor
both iwBtical end
Ma wttndrawal''
of rwtural condftions. * And it must be borne in
mind that it k the workers of the world who have
achieved this result. The Whole history of the
development of improved methods of production
Atrtoff the era of civilisation k bound up in tiie
hktory of the working stew thst else, which has
produced and still produces everything, and ' re-
eetves but a bare subahnenlas.
The struggle for existence, so. far m the human
(Cbhtinucd On Fagc Two.)


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