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The Red Flag Jun 21, 1919

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Array WMW^^P^w^l^Ww^'-
■ V
An English sovereign weighs 123.27447 grains,
and being eleven-twelfths fine, contains, therefore,
113.0016 grains of pure gold. An American dollar
weigh* 25.8 grains, k nine-tenths fine and contains
23.22 grains of pure gold. Dividing the quantity of,
gold in . sovereign by that in a dollar we obtain
the figure 4.8665. Thk means that a sovereign, at
any time or place, k equal to 4.8665 dollars or that
10-000 pounds sterling are equal to 48.665 dollars
in gold. Containing as they do the Mme amount
of tbe money commodity—gold.
Well, then in tonight's paper I find the follow-
• NEW YOUK. June 14.—Commercial 60-day
bilk on banks 4.59; commercial, 60-day bills
4.58}; demand 4 61J; cables 4.621.
These quotations give thc "rate of exchange"
upon which k calculated the price at which "paper
on London'' is bought and sold, that is to say, that
the brokers sre today buying and selling commercial paper, bilk of exchange and drafts pay-
abte to London at prices calculated on these rates.
These rate, fluctuate from day to day, and as we
see, vary in themselves. Before, however, discus-
these matters, we shall consider the bill of exchange itself.
International trade resembles any other business
transaction, in that ft is conducted on a money
basis.N If, then, actual payment to money was made
for every purchase ft' would involve the shipment
of the money from the debtor to the creditor. There
would thus be continuous "cross-shipments" of
money as Well as a continual stream of goods in
both directions. Thk could only be effected at considerable trouble and risk, not to speak of expense.
To meet thk difficulty, there hM been developed a
system by whieh tiw greater part of such trans,
actions aw effected without the use of money
.11. The system of international exchange k noi
unlike the "clearing" system by which the various
specified place the amount itemed to the bill. The
bill would run somewhat as follows: If Paul to
New York bus sold goods to Peter to London, he
writes on a form for the purpose, ■nwejjdng like
thk: "New York, June 1, 1919. Sixty daya from
date pay to Isaac, or order( tite sum of 1000 pounds
sterUng for value received," adding below*' "To
Peter at London," and signs "Paul." Thk document, or rather, something to the same effect, to
which is attached a "bill of lading of the goods snd
other papers, certificates of insurance and what not,
the exporter sells to Isaac, thc broker, or to a bank
doing that sort of business, which thus purchssea a
right to have the amount of money mentioned paid
to Its order in England,*' Now then, as English ex-
bilk against it
market. Owing to.MmSmW
cruisers, she had to put beck to tiw States,
she wm totcrued, and the gold never reached life
destination. The bankers had to "cover," that to
to my, to redeem their bills at a lorn and, I understand, started a number of law-suite against the
steamship tympany, or someone, to which, however,
they were unsuccessful.
Taking another look st today's quotations I find,
notwithstanding all this, that they run sbout 4.60.
Thk k s long way from per, to be exact, about Sf
rente. This requires some explanation. From what
tew been said it can be readily seen that 4a maintenance of the rate of exchange at or near par depends entirely on the condition that fold can be
porters are at the sanie time   shipping   goods to
. America, and creating claims of the same kind, ft   readily obtained and shipped if iwionmsii    In
will be seen that, provided the claims be equal, no   absence of this condition, the rote ef exchange
money need pass if the claims can bo brought   together and cancelled.   Thk k done by the broker-
age firms and* banking houses.
Now, we have seen thst the English sovereign te
equal to 4.8665 dollars.   Thk te called the "par of
fall to any extent,  to the earlier year, of the wm,
to consequence   of the
Europe from America; the stoppage of
production end the embargo
there occurred on the New York <
mentioned worth $4866.50. The price, however,
that our exporter will get from the bank wfll generally be away from par, and wfll depend upon n
member of considerations.
In the first place it will be discounted according
to the Standing of the firm upon whieh it k drawn,
and upon tiw length of time ft hM to run.  For example, in today's quotations wc find tiwt 60-day
bills on banks arc quoted   a fraction higher then
commercial 60-day bills;   bilk   payable   on "demand" are higher than these for   a given   time,
le ''cables,'' that is, bills put through by tele-
instead of the mail are higher still. Thte k
a matter of Interest on the money involved j   tiw
longer the time the bill hM to run, the more it k
«>     .
ite apart, however, from these considerations
which are fairly constant, the rate of exchange te
bulks   in   a efty liquidate  the cheques  they hold   subject to variations from the operation of the law
exchange>" and would make the bill we have just   toll in the rate of exchange en Buropeaa eounsrke,
against one another, but is complicated by the fact
that the transactions take place over a greater distance, cover longer periods of time and are in terms
of different snd varying money units.
The bill of exchange wm inyenwd in the middle
sges, when it was not only difficult but exceedingly risky to ship money. For instance, a merchant
to Venice, instead of sending 1000 ducats to Amsterdam, gave them to a fellow-townsman who had
dealings with Amsterdam, and who gave him in
exefehnge a letter ordering hk correspondent at
Amsterdam to pay 1000 ducats to thc person who
presented the letter. The merchant therefore simply sent the letter instead of the money. Later on
these documents were made transferable by means
of endorsement.
Psyment for goods can be made in such a manner,
but more commonly the exporter "draw* on" the
importer for the agreed amount, that k, he writes
an order upon the importer to pay usually at some
of supply and demand, lflte the price of everything
else bought and sold. Any excess of paper on London appearing on the New York exchange, M
against English claims on America will naturally
tend to lower the rate find vice vena by the pressure of competition. Now, then these claims represent goods or other values and it will be readily
seen thst an excess of Englkh exchange on the New-
York market is an indication that the ''balance of
trade" k "unfavorable"* to England so far us
America is concerned, that is, that England is importing more from the United States, than she Is exporting to them.  In normal times, thte state of af-
Sterling falling to something like 4.50. By the
shipment of large quantities of gold, ttfe surrender of Ameriean securities held to England and
by the establishment of credits in favor of England by tiw United States Government, the rate,
was advanced to a point in the neighborhood of
4.72, where it wm maintained, "pegged up" ha
the slang of the "street,** by tiw British Government, probably by the purehaw of
through agents. Since the signing of the Armistice,
however, the rate ef exchange on sterling hM been)
allowed to sag to where we find ft today, largely
because the British Quasi ii will wishes to iiiasanf
tiw exports snd to discourage the imports of Britain, an unfavorable rate of exchange awting m n
sneetea cf protection.   We are now better ebte to
..... .r*^.msMt*m*mx   w*mt •^ja*;* wmw^wmm^mm*]^*wm       ■   www*    oajww    mmmmww^      wvuvijia.     wmwwf
understand the-effects   of a depreciation   of  the
currency due to inflation.   These art:
1—An immediate fall in the rate of exchange for
'2.   ereetos-a mmnmnVfce/ Bent" •utoh rtete to a
premium, cunning •■■;■■ . :v^^ap^^... »
3— the disappearance of metaflte money
4.—An advance in prices corresponding to
depredation. AO fm? thte time.
A remarkable fllusfration of the new spirit   and,
temper in Germany is supplied by an appeal to the
teachers and pupils in the high schools issued   by
fairs would nave only a slight effect on the market   the new Prussian Ministry of Education. Tbe appeal
M there would be Other countries Wfth whteh Eng-   to the teaehera, which
Corner Gore sad Basting.
land woutd have a favorable balance, and clearing
could take place by similar, though more complicated processes thropgh bilk drawn upon them.
Ordinarily, the variations in rate of exchange take
place within very narrow and well-defined limits.
As we hsve seen, toll method of clearing te only
used to avoid the trouble and risk involved in send-
.' tog gold and, m the expenses   of  sending gold—
pscking, insurance, freight end ken of interest
only amount to   sbout two cento per pound ator-
rltog. It te obvious, Bl the rate should vary mere
than thk in either direction*, that ft wfll be profft-
able to ship gold. Putting the par of rrwhaugi;
for rimplkfty, st 4.86, wc should find gold leaving
New York for London if the rate rose above 4B8,
and coming to New York from London should the
rate fall below 4.84. these point, are known m
the "gold" or "specie points." It te of very rare
occurence that gold te shipped by merchants in
payment' such sbipnwnte being made by the banks
to order to establish credits against which bffls can
be drawn. It wfll be remembered that, on tiw eve,
of the great war, the Kronprinxessm Ceeftto left
New York carrying seven
Europe.   The bankers sending tide gold had drawn
plete scientific impartiality in thek tesehfag and
abstention from all political propaganda,
"Tbe terrible defeat of Germany pate the
to u heavy tent of wisdom snd . character.   Tlwy
will easily be tempted to nourish in their pupils  n
feeling   of hatred and   veugeanee
ami to believe that ft k right to
the. young a highly developed patriotic sen-
aaaiBBBwia.im •*       wwj wm  sa^nwa.am uuuaia^&w uareasu   ase^as&o m\mWMaw mmaaaww*m ^nau s^aa^mw'
to ufanunt thte cheap ktod of patriottem whieh usee
the vulgar Iwpohue tor ft. p.iuures Hatred am*
vengeance uruet to no liiiupsstMiw be preached
to the young-not even whan the enemy k openly
ag. There mast he. no playing wfth
tiie thought af war end vengeance. We must hold
feat arwaya to the hope and purpose that some day
hatred between peoples wfll vankh from the
earth, and that thk war wfll have been tiw test of
We irwwt rcootutoly tiwt tne school, shall
become centre, of fwsisalkw amd tea,
of war.** The appeal desires that
■ teaehers should not regard fhemedre. . m act to .
Mkborftv ever tiwk fannies, but at least, to their
m'w**^?*.**'* w« ««w » wmt       £w^^w^^^       mwm^r      m^rmw      ^wmm^^^-wm       *m\* , \mmgM\mm ■ ♦#.
offktel relation, wfth tneii pupfla. they should allow thaw freedom af speech and ef conviction.       « .
:.'T.'> --'
'       '       ' ■ . . ' '';   '
'■'/. z :   ' \ ' - "    'r "
V;-,j, QW.M'l
lately  director ef tea. «■*  "chwwn Iteweea"  ef  the   Bunmrm  peaple
. of the Bussian Soviet Bureau originate.
arnkTrftl' 17?    to tiw United   States,   tow just left for Busste to I know Kolehsk personally.- He ft an eatapoueu
S'^T^lfr   -twVrtokcthetMkofre^ tint' ttw^plmm.
stem under tiw Sovtet Government.   In   Russian ****** r*n be ruled only wfth   an   iron   fiat, uwl
The trarellc
ft;   »Wff iBitjaW :m*amurun
archy, is destined to a ereeeendeVpf dkappointment.
^md^tiwnXla^ ^Jn^wn7nj,3 ^WtimuTj mfl, m
The eamntial difference between Busste .nd Hun- ft*^^. "'ffr1!***? **
smry has ia the fact tiwt the Hung.ri.n worker. ^&3* ^SzW?  "**   1^*9m
from the first united.   There sre no Mcnshc- a™***~***>M J**] x    ^
and no Sockl Revolutionaries in Hungary. The
AT w,a
tage by the intellectuals.   Never wm sn overturn
had not m yet broken with the so-called
**JNBy *"? **■' *** '"«l^«**» ***«•* make* him
•• »„
today k nramped with pro-
*i»k m the very ineanution
Apparently   without   .ny
■toto tiwt tiw
■ *aV
accomplished, with lem terror th        is of th      in- bMV °f B^bmcteff mni wlwn nothto« w
4uriangovernment ^7.2^^ of England's active toterfcre.re to Busaian affair^ ™*> Eolchak m the all-Busston authorityTcaure
thc revolution wm accomplished    Instead   of dis- * ^"-k™**11 ***** t*toneral, Dobrjaaaky. e^ the present Government   of   Bussia   k not a suf-
^andrteteladZod^^ «-ff™**»»J*'iL*^*^ tintl^ST^^^^^
ttesrwrnhvn a eudden extinction of the old jingo M.f^. ane of my former students   The bed juat «•*J^«£ «*JJ*ns dmp^cbes eannt npan
^nmsten and a wefliug forth of a new passionlor gfr*}^ *2fi*5 e0!!fSy ^'V*?" ^'^^tfcc-^M^ * **** «aete, Some ney-
annuhwhiioil    Bate Instates.    "W. don't cam 'Lord. wl»ose name I cannot recall, and in a fea-days ***** however, will remember   that   when the «».
AflouThopm'sretotoenuwse! *^*^rfJ*WP^^ "******** Oevernnwnt   first   was organized
of brother cod. The Iwunlartes foreword' ** gained to me that the Allies lmd ^ Eokhak m a pert of it. it contained membere
with the boun decided' ** a counterbalance to the Soviet Govern- belonging to some moderate Socialist groups    Al
ment, to create   in   Siberia   a   third   Provisional though these groups were bitterly opporedIto th.
erfc     a thk new "OoVcrnmcnt wftb Admirel Kol<mak rt Botehevfld tlwy did net wdt   Adnu^Elcaaak
■*mf'■» .■«■» .amwwum- mm,- cm mwww«uuc uw payment ot ..   .    _ ■•, «.«,                            ■■«■■».                        ...
wugtn.  imaraotieauil bueteam and trmBniTtor- ^^ ^i* S B *!?^T*?*t- iKf^l^l^^^^l^
dgn exclmnge are pest   An unplcMant feature to ^T? We" '^Tfi * ^ * *e ** ^ SfJ1*^   Md   «•»■*■■*^**«
the capitalists k the law governing   thc eoming certa,n Clrdes' *nd J d,d not P'? P***™1*** ■tten- "*»<* the most exaggerated stories sbout the Red
^st WiiW^tml^WBMt :2tr-n.'^^^
•tofna enmivs^ «*„«*«• "J* *««*t^ **« l&j-e need not rdy upon atetosmmte from
Want a ballot   The daily papers have beefttaenad s*,*#"thl,t an attempt to realke it would teed to noth-
fato Gamttes which devote   interminable columns "^ but ****** eh*QS-   To this C*Pt*to Martini re- tr*™ i                                         ^   h
^e*eT^kaktetkn of ThT^eV ^^ plied hotiy that the British Government   had   de- tanmne Bevfct^Svernnwut
to the edict, end legislation of the  newt govern- **™t ~^ ^*\ T_  tV^      !lT^*i3>^ wa- aT^^_^   *.
f^en*.                                        a|^, cided to support by all means   snd   meumk the The Mareh ksue  of the  Bed1*Spa^
H. N. Braflsford says to "The New Bepubite," Goyernment  which  they were  to create, even to printed a horrible story of  u train
"Ccnnmuntem m I have seen ft in Hungary, k a rending an army of a nuTBon men.   Therefore, the takdng hundred, cf prisoners taken by 1        bl-
idple of constructive order__„ Two able men, ***** ot the enterprise wm fully guaranteed,   to ebnk forces who were dragged from one end   of
one of them an historian of European repute/the proof of tlik, Egypt and todte were brought to my Siberia to the other end until they succumbed from
ether a stotcsnwn of equsl note, both   to
days opponents ef Soctelkm, said to me...... 'The time, but Captain Martini did not surrender end to- 4 meet totereettof contribution   to   the   char.
eta of captteJkm fa over to Eeateru Europe: It can '**mt,ilh*t I should meet the Englkh Lord aaaw- ectcruation of the present rule to Siberia may be
be restored.'   If freedom te eclipsed for   e where on neutral territory. I refused the third time, fears*! to the June ksue of Hearst*. M.garine    It
the destruction of tiw  capfteBrt  system end finally; and owing to the multitude of events te written by an American Army Int^imwm^   «&.
a to a modern state the only that followed, I had forgotten the incident entirely, fleer.' He frankly admits that 95 per cant of thc
real freedom te conceivable. Later, when Kolchak appeared on   the   politics! People in Siberia are   Bokheviki   and   that   the
builds upon ruins, but the authors of stage M the <*Mleeted" leader of thc "All-Bussian eounfe^revetat^ ere Ate to keep them down
the detsruetion were the   nwkers of the war.   To Committee of Jtestoration of Biissia,'' and now that Only by methods of extreme brutality. He speak,
chaos end dmpak feIk4Ut«aca two brought   the desperate attempts are being made to   make   bun ot ***** where Kolchak'a Cossacks flogged people
etimulous of a creative hope. appear th/standard-bearer of democracy   and the into wieonsetoiisnem wito iron rods.   H^
•     •     •     •                           ' chosen leader of the Buasisn people, I recall thst **»«. of indkerkainate executima, of people who
j                                   WmUMD tocidcnt^^IptereitlwforeyouMMiiflustration ***** to voice thek protest sgaAft the regime   of
:         Secretary Lansing hM   issued   a statement   to of the way to whteh "Afl-Buasten Qorernmcnte" Adutiral n^oicaek.                   ™
\     Pari* that "In view of the fact that the people   of ' '    '        "  ■"   '                    '             "   ■    , !=g!g . ****** **** *^-^yW repreeeutatte
fWand have established a representative govern- ''extract wfth crane." i?i>H^,l^• * ■ *• Vniud ***** «** '•»
ment, the   Government   of the   United States of (itejwrml Mannerlwim, tiw   present   usurper   ef for the recognition of Kolchak.   But the chairman
America declares that   ft recognises   the govern- Fkdsnd, hM arranged satisfactorily wfth the   Al- of the American Committee ef Russian Co-opera-
constituted as the de facto government of Bat and to ooiwagnane.,en tovndin» torca of a*0^W tivee, who k opposed to the Bokheviki and therc-
, lus bean organised and naval skkwkhm are be- tore can not be regarded m biased to tine matter,
Jan recognised invited thc tier- fkuting between the Bed navy and the Entente etatee that to coming out for Kolchak tiw repre-
toto fmtend, and later invited a nwr- narship. in the Finnish Gutf. According to the scntetives of Siberian co-operative, in no way rein M king. As far atrocftke, 90,000 workers New York Globe, "The preecnee of tbe "Bntente presented tiw opinions of the Siberian eo-operu-
Testcd by tbe White Cruard govarnawat Of wwdiin. off tiw Finnkh mid Esthonian coast, k '" I hi fl *V Qt fTJiiiiMi aio flfrallpa anaifwiioi,
wtwean 16,800 and 10.060 were ahot to cold by ao means to be regarded m provoeatory or one- if ft wort net tor the 4 I nuftj r» |f sjjfr tiw
In five nwnths net tern uma 1*0M human »»toi It should be realised that the Ftonkh Kolchak OeverameaV, weedd certakdy be toe fimt
and nrababty more than 18,000 were starved coast would Ite hopetesaly exposed to the Bslohevh| to eppsao ito Mgaiton Yet tiW) toot iwaaten
to ueala. A writer to a recent number of "The W ant far the protectory precenre of thc foreign that the AlBed Governmente, accordmg to reliable
New Statesman" estimates that the White Terror warahipa" dkpetehrs, me on the verge of offering Kolchak
to Finland "destroyed aome 8O008 Kves, m emu- What te bank ef all tide te, that eapitaBstie fen- recognition.
pared wfth the 1000 cketreyed durteg tiw Bed *fer- erunwnnt are determined to reaogruxe Only capita- Tne reeamw glisu for tiw ABtof oppstitlaw te tiw
w."  Anunig the *tatter .re ineto "miinBion ef the Sevtet Qevernmeat have been,
for which tbe brief Bed Government wm not res- be gnflty oi  Even the stigma of alliance wfth the (1) that the Soviet GnMrwsiit te not a democratte
pomnble late "enemy" wfll not bar them from the general form of governmeut, (2) that ft nuintains iteelf by
ten govermnaut erected by  Cterman bay *teinfly < eepftaBstte nntiona   Bnmte . hm   emu- taetuemtie mmtown, and,   (8) that ft hM not tiw
■nd itataad nffli flu most tiTrflnu Wswscrm "A4^i 4lMt   ***?*****»-»**   ******   of freeing   tiw support of the skwsten people.   It i. evident that
II litelimj j iiii'fealii 1 lij flis Wleff Btetee and workers and peasants, and that act fa fafanwun to tiw so-called Kolchak Government te fesBuputoany
tiw Ames ms   "lemmentative gUisimnnfet"-a uowfntteiiii nrftb ehe wfeatan end brutal murder ef and to the hjghaw degree gaflty on all them three
■nilI ami al that fa awmfttoiry one of tiw bkadtest 804J0B wwlrtogmen.                                              . counts.   Somehow, however, ft
gnvernnwntt in hktory. Yet ft wm a French states- Bumta snd fconraxy areaedaaate> unuwy ^a mv didn^nlw ii ■ jiiT.ii.iii ef then, who
man who aome months age said wftn reference to Jlami; -but tiw Bunted anmten reeegnmm the "repre- aukreeeejnitian.
that the Freoek   Oovecnnwnt   weedd   net   eeutattve*' g lit af FtotenA. Tiw way. of diplomacy are
!•■• ••   ".   ,
' :
:: £
. i C*i<$  $ii'i
^4lf|f 4**j£*i
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■■■,;.•« n: r. ■;•;. -rz:z!X.
VOL* 1   XO. 22
,     'in'm '
fwnJB terrible conspiracy to subvert consUtaUonal government k now laid bare.   A letter by a wage-worker to B B.
atoeff Central Strike Committee contains the following words: "I have bean asked by aome of the railroad men here if it k
* bring you west to address a meeting of the ruikaad iffgsoiiittelM J*|ica. can do this let ate know.   TJw
stand aU expense.   I have just received n sMpmcut ef Bolshevik funds*ng^^aipusc.A  fteetog the term "
one who has a kick, from school children wanting a longer or a shorter
the government has discovered a mare's nest.   However, that te net can
Vancouver Sun. June 21, wm addressed to C. Stephsuson, accreted ot^flWWjW^a a*fa
tbe government and the press have done to date affords m greater irtlaffife ■ Wlwna
of thc Win-
Cfen, through ite representative offlciak. act to such
comredes.   In the flrst place, "the lander of the Bolshevik letter has net been dteokwed.'''. -''Sawa*
In the second the name of the recipient of the second tetter tew been withheld.   Thirdly it    .   *j»"*»>»*
hM been deliberately mutilated to arouse resentment among tiw strikers.   The enlfatelmnwr        ******
no case against our arrested
■■,    '.
*** m&mfik?* **m**pm^*wmr        WJrr ■'-  *'
te herewith printed without comment at present, except to regard to the "Dark Places, being Erne8t j chMBberik i^neouwr' * <\ •»•«>. s. ma
fal wWt interest." Chief press Censor for Canada.
We have always worked in the open.   We have been raided several times.   For months <*****> o**>
OUT anfefle have town opened by government agents; not only official matter, but private mail mtt^m&SV*t&JXJng ll ** MJjfl
of individuak tow been abused.   Our paper, the Western Clarion, tow bees suppremed.   And Z SUS^*^J%-^^*^r^^«S
J* *Wml« *~ '«* •*■*"■ «*W* that the government must know m much about our Tu^tt&ZSZ
though att other aouaefantlflc and saurisiont orgamsattons have bean snppimesiL   Any- wwchnuf"-W,!*'r>tI*"£.     ***-*
thing we are guilty of now. we-were guilty of any time tbe last twenty years.   We therefore mV^^J^lYJ^^i T*
ask the wage slaves of Canada to earefuUy analyse the present conduct of the government mBf»u. *** **»•. hundredth *m which called" ro"r iu
agent, to Wtontoeg, and judge ft such matters am compatible with a good case, or k it tbe E»^at  ". **-™**^>m*m aw
last desperate effort ofs lost cause?                                                                                    v
We ako publish one ef tiie many letters wa have addressed to the Chief Press Censor's
office; to thfa one, we amy add. wn hava no reply on our me*.
 :     ^BBiB^msiBiaBWBiaasBBaaiiimBmi
? i:i-*-
- '   ' '     '
Jour department we seek for this
we contend, up to date, haa not I
If you remember. w. requests,
wlwther or not tha paper was^
irom other periodicals which
circulation.    Thi.
Winnipeg. Man.. Jan. SO. IS It. „
Mr. C. flReahenson:     '
Dear Comrade: You letter with due-stamps and
charter appltcaUons received, also due-books received under separate cover, with copy ot "Soviets
at Work." und,blll for M. 1*. E. Indebtedness which
I will take Up SBd remit cheque to cover same la a
day or two.
Following: my night-letter regarding the Winnipeg situation, 1 will give you an outline ot the happenings. At the last Trades and Labor Count U
meeting, we had a great victory and killed the
Labor Party tor aura. We had another mas* meeting called tor last Sunday to discuss the causes of
tfefe German Revolution, under the auspices ot the
Party. It appears that the Great War Veterans
approached tha fn""|"^W*flrm of the theatre and
told them If they opened the theatre there would
be trouble. We were also advised not to hold tea
meeting. However, w© tamed up at 2 p.m. oa tha
Sunday sod were refused the theatre. Tha soldiers
were oat in full force, about l,ew strong.   We then
and it was dear to us that   there   waa  going   to
be trouble.    It had been told them that we were
and Luxenburg, and they were filled up with the
propaganda that all Germans ware Huns and may
■w" ideas   auws'u  Waoneesiu   smsa   aa*       a aaaa   ajsa^esa^w   mass v assume   saw  aswrs*
to atari and test then someone hoisted a Union
Jack and tha soldiers started making anyone who
looked like a foreigner kiss the nmS. and heat
up, fw%tfi. their money off team and kicking
WW pulp—then they proceeded to oar headquarters aad broke up aU the furniture and smashSd
tha windows, ate. They continued this tor tha rest
of tha or—la.. Waakmg op ail sorts of places aad
Sams, d tha scalps of Armstrong. Blumeubcrg. Kus-
aaU and Johns, and so tha battle oonttaned.    It
agreed, provided tbe returned soldiers would take
their Jobs—but he told then they would not lake
tha. work, aa only aliens would do tt. The other
firnu. have aU agreed to Ore tee aliens If the return-
ed soldiers agreed to stop rtetmg and aU hsa been
quiet. There haa been considerable damage. Blumenberg Shop is all smashed up.' The Swift* plant la
closed up, having tired about 500 siiens and they
have sent a letter to the returned soldiers to supply
them with 500 man, but they will not take the Jobs,
with the result that the soldiers' committee doesn't
know what to do.
They have called a mass mooting tor Thursday
night, aad tha Board of Trade has given them the
Industrial  Bureau  free,  provided  no  socialist*  are
Iff no rtlur these r—n««i«
Tbe newspapers have baa. vary acUve. diverting
their OtlaWkm to tho foreigner sad trying to place
tha blame on tho Socialist Party of Canada, as has
also been the Board of Trade, who have demanded
th. mayor to prohibit all wisoHSga of a contention*
nature, who haa issued a proclamation to that
effect, and, aa expected, oar aobie laboCI aldermen
have issued a signed statement to
of the above comrades. The pottos
let mam do aa they damn-wel
It at clear to am that they had been watt
not to touch the English-speaking gang, tor tf they
had been eager to gat ma or aar-ef tha others, they
know where to sons, mm- I was at .work- ovary day -
in tha Labor Temple and also oa Urn streets, hat
Web- whole efforts were directed towards the aliens.
Ob Monday they went to Swift's plant and deal) attene to bo fired, aad tha
that ths riots have developed Into a labor trouble
and for that reason the soldiers and labor people
ought to got together and solve the problem. Makes
one foal like prseaiillag them with a bottle of glue.
ao Waft they can stick togetSar.
However. In another part ot the
laasMlanj that was held between jabi
tho mayor, the Board of Trade, aad retured
tho paper states that the labor members stated In'
m that they bad So ooaneetlon with
a, neither bad they anything td do with W>y of their meetings; in fact they
are reported aa smymg mat tbe .ill. soateUoUf are
This is goo. food tor the caal-
he most of it. and they
that wa have pretty nearly got control of the
Trades aad Labor Council, aad bsbooo me, whoa we
get tt we will use it to our advantage.
Ia yesSerdaVs paper they are atltt attempting to
direct tbe attention of the soldiers to the saCiaUaW,
that the sokUers are watching for an an-
of socislist meetings, aad warning the
at halls and- theatres what wm happen to
roperty if they let aa bat. tt. sad WVtting
tha soldiers net to allow as to hold open-air meetings.
However. It wUl soon cool off aad than Wa win ha
able to get at them aad give them tha truth, a*.
"upply i
why the
We demand only tao«app!
in British law that cheeses,
properly  formulated charge,  that  the
or point*, in which we have erred
attention.    You persist te f
Kit her you can answer _
cannot.    To no other conclusion _
our various letters aUow us to arrive.
And. Anally, we wish It to be
that we are not wOling to be a _
cause our analysis of history, ear
omlcs and sociology does isWateim
the view- of these sciences adopted by your
meat.    Falling some deflmte^harge or  tefoi
upon   thU  matter  we   will   take  the  matter  to
h ighe*t court known, that of
shall not ha
plaining OUT posiUon. I am trying to arrange to
get sCaiiaaUig the returned man, as qutte a number
of them are starting to see a little
there is something wrong.
However, Wo WUl bar. another issue *t<
out neat week, but we are now minus
everybody scared to rent us space; pat wa wUl get
evevn. ■
I see the Duke of Devon**
night's paper as saying that
dark aad hidden places hi which to flourish aad if
taken in time end dealt with te tha riiHT„mWW:
it can be outrooted. If his statement Is correct, the
acUons of the jtoUWaUbay''afe iirsaiipllaa to drive
mm it/ sama m  nuw BaUSBwums "a^^mafjajlVp ate "ma O'aaer WK Bau*sass~
asto.   But. to draw this over-long letter to an and.
""■"aaa.   oaVmnsii •  /uu   Uaaaa ea*nmV7 sUIBaeBpH   a-O M***p**m'*tt**}  Ma.
wlU only >mtwm. us more determteatioa to carry oa.
until wa atop oat of ear sfesWIsa, sate tad ana .am-
- m******** aa^m% wmr _ aaa jws eue> uewm
Work, we wUl get thorn oat among
and aaa tf "tt harps.
I win dose now aad WW sand row
submitted te a couple of days.
., Give war hast wishes to  tbe
coast aad aasure.tehm wa am sUU alive aad wlU be
hoard from in a short time.
With beat wishes to
pf the D. UL C Tours for i
e> » - amfmm*'**Mwam*m
that the French  fioiiunww»   weadd  net
,»» BE
•   -
tO  eJleaStify   RoilrOatiilaf    »I«"K •** the other strike  Ie.ders .rrestetl
.#..''• there, has been remanded till Monday by the
police magistrate.   ''r>erythfag I have done
_—i*i*^ w open and above board. ,1 belong tea school
of thought that disdains any concealment, and
eun net see where I have been guilty of any
eoiisptraey," said Pritehard, when interview-
"Following my night letter regarding tbe       The Western Labor News, special strike ed in his cell by the Canadian Preas.   fie te .
Winnipeg situation, I will give you an out-   edition No. 81, print, the following: taking the matter of hfa arrest eery calmly,
line of the happenings   At thc test ""hudes      "*** ******* ****** ********** an official save that he te worried about the effect on hfa
and Labor CouucB meeting wo had a great   f^Tl u^^!^ ^h^"!^^ ^^l^^Vr*It\   °T
m ^«     ,i7^, Uam-narasr-            *■■■ whieh A u md ** *** ******* ** *** ** nV loeel tetew nwn here'wffl le«ve for the
Lai a-ra. Pritehard.
into touch with
* *V!
suthorities Tuesday morning when the Labor coast
Wc had another mam meeting called for test Temple was raided. Pritehard asked
to discuss the cuses of tbe Qeraum "Much is made of the stetement mid to be Alderman Broach, labor leader, a* soon as he
oftheparty. found in a letter to R. RBuuwfl:   'I have wan arrested, but his request was not eom-
itamps and charter ** ■** a shfcwwnt of Botekerik fuada for this plied wrtk amtfl thte amtwmg-                       •£.
"5?? ™mr   VT toddltWilMM* WM* * l*naa 'Bolshevik funds* is taken altogether ■■.   *    ~~T"""1      mm J      .
wfll take up and remit eheuee to caver asm. '^^p^.   a, ja ^rf^ feauwr. tiw term . ** ?**#*.« **" +? "*»*   *»» *F**
in a day or two. . . . BoIaltevBr. has been to common use to signify tows the mtotte sswpratediaw a ease before a
"They realise that we have pretty near got tjw,, identified with thc radical wing of the *"** * ^ **S<* * **jam*m\'.     \
control of the Trsdes and Labor Council, and, working class movement.    Sometimes it was The Toronto lUd and Empsm my.:
linTIi   i        -kan  ena <r»t it   w» will  i.ao it to. VT*. T^          " V.     ..                   " "             ™
'twnBunJPI^wllte nwa*f* n» we wUl use it to uaej m jegj. frequently it wss applied to the
our advantage. .. ., Socialist Party of Canada who claimed to be
*% aaa the Duke of Devonshire reported in out-and-outers to the opposition te the labor
teat night*, paper ee saying . . . 'that Bol- Party group, who were charged warn being •***'**—*•          M     :^~       .   M*
shevism requires dark and bidden places in merely bourgeois*   reformers.   An   ordinary
which to nourish and that if token to time and worker would never imagine from reading ed of the fang who did their best to
dealt with in the proper manner it can be out- the tetter that, the funds referred to came B and eut aw a rebel government.   .-;,/•
rooted.'  U his stetement te correct the action from the Bolshevist organization. ***** *** ******* ** reeorttog to arms to
of the ■■Itewttwu to .tteinpting to ententes "So when Mr. Russell te said to have stated do what they
"The government must not Woo half wav
mwr^^m   *%+* e**o. ■■■■**»■»»   -seaaassmmj   uererw1 . *»*9awmw   ammnsav    wua^w
or listen to tbe counsels of the esteten carte
who undertake to utter claptrap in the name
mens wantuenave
to dark and hidden corner, fa fa our best fa- that 'we nave pretty nearly got control of the
'  teresta ...                        *                 ' Trsdes snd labor Oouneil and befieve me we
"If you send down 500 copies of the Sovteta wfll nee fa to ear advantage,' he refers to tiw
.t Work we wfll get them out amongst the SocteHst Party of Canada, whicfa regards the      The riot «t Wfanipeg is reported to have
soldiers snd ace if it helps. Labor Party as a rival political organisation.     cq^^need wmd a man who wafe drunk at
"Wfah beat wishes to yourself fend the com- " •Bidahiitua* in Canada fa nut
radesoftiwD.aa Bolimevwm,   It te • spirit of revott
That 'Bolshevism' is growfae rapidly.   It fa
PS.—Good   report,  from  Toronto   and   perhapa hardly safe to amy eB tenor awn and
the edge of tiw crowd. Watch out! There
te method in these mam's ilimwasiihtm They
are hired trouble-makers.    Keep order mid
Montreal:  Will
' a great many more ere
— ■■jl       |    »    I      II!   .11
ini aev^sassssasaana
en earth would afl the
t' Sovtet at Ottawa has decided       Borne of our number urn "fa*' bmauw yen   ■■■■»■■ **■ **. anyway, if aome "special mr-
to stay on tiw fab if it take, all tiw pofiee   are "out"  It wffl be the duty of thom still   ***" *"**.**** ***^ Irbjied np tor *euum
aaa   #meBsaam #amanaamaa> ^abataama    —* JHsaaVesaesaaai    ~#a   ai ss n ala*rsi asaan*
they can hire to supprem any who dare to   at liberty to aee that the Ottawa befl-heae far   ■*l**m***** **** *********   topreweettT
lbs tii nil ss us ito.iiW iiiii iiaili fhiwarliw     ■ > !"'\^' ''  - "*'   """"^"""| "-  :
" e new. amaha of .tha. teeal uafly > prem
e-assaajp^Br     kmUPaW    fasUaaUaw     esmn^aWaveP    avwalarauBtahel     saaisaVvaBam
a^thfaor   punk ite eantoufanefsf^ T""-1*?. ^f^,m1^i^^mmi^
to pratest Tbe Pitsfteers Type. Ihnten fowad ft neeeeaary to pretest
mo   to   tiwt     Corporation "pusumBy** pre- agateat being parties to the arectftutaon ef
fought far Democracy to Europe,   meters prepare end "eook" the data needed what em. hmhiili been eoBed the "paulfe"
lata have aome of it in Canada I                       for the
The ffired Help of the Profiteers at Ottawa       The Otteena' League need, no
de not nconeae to seek rnotect
asssjr . aaeaw'v   ^Bsm.^B^^iSBjBB> 'obis'   .ajp^aewav    »w~WSas^seara
any other time, tf they can help it   They   0#
prefer government by orderfa-couneil.
fa history. Yet it was s
man who some months sge said wfth leteroueo to
that the Freneh
of those who eomtemplate
The ways' of cnploataey ere ''•",■.'"'
"f /
an1       i"   '.
line to take care of nut hUustrbd ayatem and its
working; so far aa the obstructive tactics of the
vested interests and the commercial statesmen wfll
permit.; for without thek constant supervision and
correction thfa* highly technical system of production will not work st afl. Logically it should
be for these and their like to frame such a settlement aa wfll bind the civilized peoples together
ott fen amicable footing as a going concern, engaged on a joint industrial enterprise. However,
it* is not worth while to speculate on what they
and their like might Propose, since neither they
nor their <*ransela havu / had „any. part fa toe
Covenant The Covenant fa a covenant of com-
mereializcdnationaBtanff wHhout afterthought
To return to tiw facte: The great war was
fought out and peace was brought within sight by
teamwork of the soldiers snd workmen, end the
political personnel. The cost, the work, and hardship fell on the soldiers and Workmen, and it is
chiefly their fortune that is now fa the balance.
The political personnel have lost nothing, risked
nothing, and have nothing at stoke on the chance
of further war or peace. But in these deliberations on peace thc political personnel alone have
had a voice. Neither those who have done the
. necefeaary fighting at the front nor those who have
done the neeeesary work
(Extract from "Dial")
The interval since Mid-Victorian time has been
a period of unexampled change fa the industrial
arte and in the working arrangements necessary
to industrial production.   Thc productive industry
of all the civilized peoples.has been drawn to-,
gether by the continued advance of the industrial
arts into s single comprehensive, close-knit system,
n network of medianieally balanced give and take,
such that no notion and no community can now
carry on its own industrial affairs fa severalty or
st cross-purposes with the rest except at the cost
of a disproportionate derangement. and hardship
to iteelf and to all the rest.  All this is simple and
obvious to those who sre st all familiar wfth tiw
technical requirements of production.   To all such
ft is well known that for the purposes of promotive industry, and therefore for the' purposes
of popular welfare and content national divisions
sre nothing better than haphazard divisions Of an
indivisible whole, arbitrary and /obstructive  And
because Of thfa state of things, any regulation or
diversion of trade or industry within any one of
these national units is of graver consequence to all
tiw ethers-than to iteelf. Yet the Covenant contemplates no abatement of that obsructive nation-
ist intrigue that makes the practical substance of
tiw "self-determination of nations."
At tiw.''anmar:sfaae;'-thnt whieh chiefly hampers
the everyday work t ot industrial produetion and
chiefly tries the popular temper under tins new
order of things is the increasingly obstructive snd
increasingly irresponsible control of production by
the vested interests of commerce and finance, seek-
tog each their own profit at the cost of the underlying population. Yet the Covenant contemplates
ao sbaiement of these vested interests that are
fast approaching tiw limit of popular tolerance;
for the Covenant te U political instrument Wade
and provided for the rehibilitation of Mid-Victorian political intrigue and for thc upkeep of the
vested interests of commerce and finance. The
cry of the common man has been:What shall we
do to be saved from' war abroad and dissension
at homef And the answer given fa the Covenant
te the good old answer of the elder statesmen of
toe Old Order—provision of armed force suf-
ficient to curb any uneasy drift of sentiment
among the underlying populace, with" 4he due advice and consent of the dictatorship established
by the elder statesmen.
Now, the great war was precipitated by the
malign growth of just such a commercialized nationalism within this industrial system, and was
fought to s successful issue as a struggle of industrial forces snd, with the purpose of establishing an enduring peace of industrial prosperfty and
itcnt; at least so they say. It should aeeord-
gly have seemed reasonable to entrust thc settlement to those men who know something sbout
tbe working and requirements of this industrial
system ott whieh the welfare of mankind finally
turns. To anx man whose* perspective te not eon-
ffaed within the Mid-Victorisn polHicml traditions,
ft would seem th«t the first move toward fen enduring, peace would be abatement of the vested
interests snd national pretensions wherever they
touch the conduct of fadustry; and the men to do
this work should logiclly be those who know the
aeeds of the industrial system and are not bteacd
by commercial incentives. An enduring settte-
aaent should be entrusted to reasonably unbiased
production engfaeers, rather than to thc awestruck political lieutenants of the vested interests.
These men, technical specialists,    over-workmen,
akflted foremen of 4he system, arc expert fa tbe for ^^ ^^ ^ A a^^ ^^ ^ y^
ways and:means of fadustry and know something. whmt UT U yaa^ ajnteli te presumsbly just as
af the material conditions of life that snr*mnd „,», And y^ even if one bad best not see him
the common man, at the name time that they are faee to {**.*> onnuwy still fafer something ea to
familiar with th. available resources and the nam t^ netare ef th* besst from the shspe ef hfa
to wkteh tiwy arc to be tnrned. Of necessity to, i,^ A litfle inWwQIng fa tiwtSrey te eonrfag
war and peace, ft te for these workmen of .tiw top   j* ^ ,»«* fa fke sswavefal transaction by whteh
r-m.< -wv--.*ih»«--^ ••*+»*^m<mf~w.»-•—mr^.v      ir-Tm-yu.   . ■ -naiLa m -1_ rue   l_  jx jj.
*im^9f--- the politicians and vested interest, of Japan »re
given a burglarious free band fa northern China;.
axdj* would be both graccT^andJflte to
enormities whteh the Oriental statesmen wfll have
undertaken to perpetrate^ or overlook, for the
benefit of the vested interest. Identified with faB*
European powers, in consideration of tiwt cam'
blanche of indecency.' So slab is toe arrangement
between the great power, for the suppramion of
Soviet Buaste, for toe profit of tiw vested interest.
identified with these Powers mid at the east of thc
underlying population; the due parceling out of
concessions and natural resources to foreign parts,
incident to that convention of smuggled warfare,
Will doubtless have consumed a formidable total
of time, ingenuity, and effrontery. But the
Covenant being an instrument, of commercialized
nationalism, all these things have had to be
Thorstein Veblen.
(Continued from Page Two)
at home have had any
part in it all.   The conference has been a conclave
made up of tiw spokesmen of commercialized nationalism, in   effect   a conclave   of political Bett-
tcnants of the vested interests. *to   short there
hfeye been no Soldiers' and Workmen's
included in this Soviet of the   Elder
which has   conferred   tha   dictatorship   on   the
political deputies of the vested^tereste. .Bv. ettA
large, neither the wishes nor the welfare of the^
soldiers, the workmen, or the industrial system as
s going concern, hsve visibly been consulted in
the drafting of this Covenant.   However, to avoid
fell   appearance   of   graceless   over-statement, it
should perhaps be noted in quanfication that the
American workmen, may be alleged to have. been,
represented at this court of elder statesmen,   informally,  unofficially,  snd irresponsibly, by tbe
sexton beadle* of the A. P. of L., but it will be admitted that this qualification   makes   no serious
inroad on the broader statement above
,   Neither the value nor the cost of this Covenant
are fairly to be appreciated apart from its background and tiw purposes and interests which are
moving in the background.   As it now looms up
against this murky background of covert agreements covertly arrived at during the past months,
the Covenant te beginning to look like a last desperate concert   of crepuscular   statesmanship for
the preservation of   tiw civilized   world's   kept
classes snd vested interests fa tiw face of a menacing situation.   Therefore, fa case the Covenant
should yet prove tn be so testing snd serve this
turn so well, aa materially to deflect the course
of events, what te likely to be of material consequence to the fortunes of mankind is chiefly the
outcome of thte furtive traffic   fa   other men',
(food between the deputies of   the great powers,
which underlies and   conditions   the stilted for-
mslities of the instrument ftsetf. Little te known,
end perhapa lem te intended to be known, of thfa
furtive traffic in other men', goods. Hitherto the
"High Contracting Parties" have been at pain, to
give out no "information whieh might be useful
to itiw enemy."
Whut and how many covert agreement* have
been covertly arrived at during these four or five
mouths of diplomat k tw&tejht- will- not be known
pauper fa the town of hte former glory, snd General
Sherman Bell, tho soldier who executed tha order,
was jailed as a vagrant far from the day and
scene of his formei greatness. We harbor no
hopes, accept neither sign nor portents, but have
an abiding faith fa facte.  '.,.
-jeH-uV*     .- .■■""••'"■
On the eve of going to prem we learn of e
of governmental policy in regard to the arrested
strike-le.dira; They are to be released on bail, and,
be given a civil trial.. That te today's policy.   Tomorrows,' who knows!........ The little .am!
are at fault in than* calculations:   The * little   tin
Gods*--are panic-struck.   Keep them ao,
-^kauant it is for the little tin Gods
When Great Jove nods. * .
But, the tittle tin Gods make their mistaken
In missing the hour when Jove awakes."
"The object of all reform' to  tha  relations of;
capital and labor must," says President Wilson fa
his message to the American   Congress,   "be tha
genuine democratizing of industry, based upon   a
full recognition of the right of those who work, of
whatever rank,'to participate in some organic way
ia every decision which directly affects their wel-
or the part they play in fadustry." But, says
Snowdon, "It te   quite evident from   what
thte rhectorical declaration   that the President has no more grasp of what thte statement
implies or involves than he   haa   of international
politics.   If President Wilson's   intimate   friends
and advisers have any influence with   him,   they
would be rendering a service both to him and   to
the world if they could prevail upon him to retire
into'the obscurity of his professorial chair   from
which obscurity he ought never to have emerged."
The White Terror In Belgium
to Belgium martial lew ia still being
with tbe utmost rigor.   Sentence, of hard labor for
uenteua ere almost toe imsasauna to
^p*^**mmm*^*   ^^»^   ^^^^^^r^^^rmi   ^^^^p   ^wvaiaBiB^amw^-iim*   war ■
**e5aa   taanwwawnanaelg 'wjmmmpm ■ uiv   mMn*Cm*m\*/   aaa
tian, and mora yearn of iteprteonment  have
.warded stoee the Armistice, than by thc Germans
to afl their occupation* ■ ■■
>»      l|l     ■■!■■
A statement of the theories and conclusions
of Selentine SoeteMsm.
Postage Paid.
10c p*r Copy Br"
THE organ of the capitalistic interests
which is printed to a scab shop and circulated "free" in Vancouver, says the Bev. Ivens
nf Winnipeg wes driven out of his church by bis
congregation, and characterizes him as "an unfrocked priest'* Ivens wfll be no worse for being
''unfrocked.'' M he has any "Sand and Savvy"
to him, he will be sll the better for being rid of that
impediment. A frock te no garment torn man to
the twentieth century; let those wesr it whom it
It te not tiie first time to the history of the race
that orthodoxy has unfrocked a protestant, snd
as to Ivens being driven out of hte, church, by bis
congregation thst fa s lie. His congregation followed him to the labor church, and the bourgeois
owners of the other one, and their half-dozen or so
toadies and Hek-spittieawwere left to occupy thc
dusty pews snd whine out in loneliness their stone
age mumbo jumbo.
we part of Canada should be set aside for. tha
local profiteers sole and exclusive use. We'd suggest a coal or a logging camp for a change.
a    a.    e , a    ^
It te charged that some firms are intimidating
their employees into joining the Citizens' League.
Of course the bom does not make hfa miserable victim sign a document to that effect, at the point of
a revolver.   He owns the precious "job" and   a
wink is as good as a nod to a matt with a wife and
six kids.     , '
'. $    e^JMia-    ..
Who shall   rule fa Vancouver?   Only  the   exploiter, rule.   Delegated authority is not rule, it
Is administration, and. the delegates   can   be jsfri,
esfled.   Try recalling the robber and ruling clam.
authority, and you may call and call unto the crack
a'doom. '
aaa    a   ,
It fa said the sane men of the labor unions have
been tricked into thte strike. The sane men of the
tabor unions will look after their owutrffairs. They
do not need* the help   of the   hysterfeujfcCHizens'
League or the Manufacturers' Association.
e     e     e    a
The New York correspondent   of   the   Loudon
Daily News, reports that a deadly poison has been
discovered, a poison so deadly that ten aeroplanes
carrying a little of it could wipe out every vestige
af life.' animal and vegetable, fa a great city, and
that three thousand tons were t available for   the
American front last March, and that it would have
boon need if tiie war had continued.  If capitalism
along wfth ite imperialistic wan is not ended soon,
there is small hope for the human race.
m     •     •     *
The capitalist prem can not hide ite identity
under tbe name of the "public" press. Its own employee, who ue fa on the inside on the "make-up"
revolt against its indecencies and public immoralities.
a     a     a     a
Dr. Dillon, the foreign correspondent of thc London Daily Telegraph, say* m that journal of Hay
28: I have watched tiw developments of anti-
ententism smongst Russians with painful interest,
and with favorable condition* for observation, and
I say without hesitation that their anger against
the AlUes burns as vehemently and intensely
amongst the anti-Bolsheviks aa among the Bol-
abevfts,"       rjf„...
Kerensky snorfther Busstens fa Paris nave new
leaned a manifesto sgatost the intervention of the
capitalistic government, to Busste. Their
nave beenopaneu*       	
"A fkntofuf Country wm Barer Forget Ton.''
Lergo demonstrations are still taking place aU
Great Britain, of returned soldiers
The Co-operative Societies fa Manchester, England, have decided to hold their demonstration to
Piatt Fields, on July 5, in spite of the refusal of the
City Council to grant them permission.
.     .     e «  e
The United States' Government report on Soviet
Russia, aa a whole lot of other reports, tow from
time to time been refuted, end it remains now a
thing of wretched shreds and patches, a subject ef
derision. This is the Bureau which was headed by
George Creel, a*muck-raking yellow journalist, who
got the job for services rendered the Democratic
Party, end which was responsible for tiw Sisson
Documents. These were published broadcast fa tiw
subsidy hungry American and'. Canadian pram,
months after they had been rejected by the French
and British Governments, as palpable forgeries.
When they were published on this side of tiw
water- the effect was far otherwise than waa expected and the more decent of the capitalist organs,
who had a reputation to guard, were the first to
expose the fraud on an information bureau only too
eager to swallow anything and everything, which
promised to discredit, the Bolsheviki. There are
few journals which care to refer to them now. The
hoax tefe sore subject with all, but those few unscrupulous Provincial journals whose owners   or
managers lack the elements of common decency.
"   ".' ''• '" *P    e"
A debate has just taken place at the Oxford debating union, Oxford University, England, on the
following resolution: "That in the opinion of this
House the times call for a revolution of the ideas
of the basis of society." This was carried by the
large majority of 333 to 120. "Have the Oxford
undergraduates become infected with the Bolshevik microbe," .asks the "Labor Leader." Will
the stuffy, old-fashioned mid-Victorian mugwumps,
of the Citizens' League tske action on this?   Thc
sacred cause of things—as—they—are te fa danger.
".:" e '-0'-; e-    e       •■•r--;-'
' What is the cause of the sodden affection of the
"kept" prem for the cause of labor. That to
"sane" labor of course. Wc say sudden affection,
because the cause of labor has a history, and in
that history is recorded the crimes committed by
tiw "kept'* press and other institutions of capitalistic thuggery, against thc cause of labor. Histories
of trades* unionism record that every step forward,
that every privilege gained, has been secured in
the face of the bitterest calumny and the most
brutal methods of suppression by the very same
class of people who are repeating those methods in
Canada today, even while using the hypocritical
fawning language about "Sane" unionism, whieh
half camouflages the veiled threat of terrorism.
Thc history,' of trades' unionism is an interesting
one.        . .. '   ,:' ■
e    e    e    e
The Canadian Government and those whom it
represents, think that it has only the Canadian
workers to deal with, but this is wrong, for the
working elass of the British Isles will also take up
the gage of battle. Labor thinks fa international
terms today. Take note of this clipping: "A manifesto by tiw Confederation Du Travial snnounees a
meeting on Saturday nexi of representatives of
British, French. Italian and Belgian syndicates for
thewttlement of a general international poliey and
tite dnwuateon   of the   possibility   of   a   general
 , ;  *
■   ■
By Marx and Engels (Reprinted)
As good now as sixty years age,
$8 per 100—10c per Copy
The following is an extract from a statement by
Slonin, an ex-member of tim Constituent Assembly,
who waa present-st Ufa and Omsk. The statement
was published in the Paris "L'Humanite," and
shows how the Kolchak capitalistic "democracy"
was established in the first instance and by what
means maintained against the wishes of the Siberian peasantry, and the industrial workers. In
spite of what the capitalist papers say in Canada,
the fact is, that almost all who have come beak
from Siberia, soldiers and others, declare that the
Kolchak regime is bitterly bated and that tiw ■»—■
of the people are heart aad soul with the Bolsheviki.
On November 19, having received news of the
proclamation conferring power on Admiral Kolchak, an emergency session of thc Congress of members of the Constituent Assembly waa bald fa a
room fa the ''Palate Boyal" hotel. Afl those present carried rifles and revolvers. The Congress decided to form from its midst a committee of seven/
with extensive powers and responsible to the Congress. The foUowfag were elected; Tchernov, yol-
ski, Alkin, Fedorovitch, Brushvit, Fomin and
Ivanov. At thte session a proclamation dealing
with recent events was drawn up and many copies
were typed out at once. These proclamations were
circulated by the Congress ^^Ma}»an6\ fa military circles. When this fact became known, a
group of soldiers and officers Belonging to one of
the regiments recently returned from the front,
marched to the "Palais Royal." One section surrounded thc hotel and others entered the prifntaT
room where the Congress waa sitting, disarmed all
those present, seized a considerable quantity of.
arms and all the documents, papers and proclamations. During the search, 80,000 ronhlaa^jasiif,^
found on Volski. At the order of the commander
of the garrison, Colonel Nekrassov, who arrived at
ililiBppP"d article8 were de*
livcred to the supreme command of the town.
While these incidents were taking place, a bomb/
was hurled by an unknown person from a window
of the "Palais Royal" and exploded smashing
many window panes and wounding three officers.
Late at night the Russian detachment, which was
guarding the hotel, was relieved by a Czech detachment
Nearly the whole Constituent Assembly, headed
by its president, is now fa the prisons of Ekaterinburg and Omsk, where Admiral Kolchak, recently
commander-in-chief of the4 armies of the Constituent Assembly, is reigning supreme.
According to Slontei, among those arrested were
the three members of the Archangel Government,
Who had just reached Omsk after a 55 days' Journey. These victims of the coup d'etat were treated
with the utmost rigour, but theirlHves were spared
through the intervention of the Allies' representatives.. The members of the Government were sent
abroad and the members of the Constituent Assembly were thrown fate* prison.
Then the White Terror hsd its sway. This .
soon aroused the population fa different parte of
Siberia. Between November and January there
were* three risings, which were crushed with an
unpreedented cruelty.
Under Kolchak'a Government afl freedom and
Hberty have been ■approsssd, tecludfag freedom of
the Prem and of meeting, freedom of association
Kolchak is exclusively supported by monarchists
snd by certain small juid insignificnt political
groups. Afl the democratic elements continue to
struggle against him. Blood flows freely. The
Civil War is gaining fa magnitude, and reactionary
follies are every day strengthening Bolshevism.
■-^bfe,fc.flie tone state of affairs fa Siberia today.
According to the words of the grandmother of the
flnssfan Bevolution, Breskkovskaya, "no sincere
democrat will ever be able to support the dictator-
ship of Kolchak." fcfcXfc
* *
A Journal of News and Views Devoted to the
Working Class.
Published When Circumstances and Finances Permit
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
Editor , . G Stephenson
nationalization of womcnf
TITERE not the Soviets   responsible   for the
 JUNE 21, 1919
Freedom oj the Press
For many years, generations rather, tiie struggles
of the rhnng bourgeoisie found their expression fa
the abstract conceptions of Liberty, Equality and
Fraternity, that formed the slogans of thc revolutionary period ante-dating the nineteenth century.
With the rule of the bourgeoisie established beyond cavil there still existed the radical Whig element amongst the individualists whose interests
seemed to run counter to the general mam of the
ruling class. Without mentioning any specific instances we may say that the Law Court records of
England bristle With "causes celebre," the particular issues at stake being "freedom of speech and
press. .». *
Long snd bitter struggles they were, resulting
to jail sentences for numbers of those involved, and
fat fees for the greasy-fingered law-sharks of the
Inns of Court. The outcome of. the struggle we
nave before us.-— A PBBB PRESS.
During the past few days a situation has developed that re-opens the question. A body of men
belonging to the Typos Union in Vaaefes|ra^|wy^'
tufa newspapers "you shall not print such fend
such or so and. so." It matters not whether the
"news item" fa dispute be lying and slanderous or
not, the property rights of the newspaper owners
ere interfered with to an alarming degree. Our
"free prem*' te at stake and such efforts aa are
necessary on our part to maintain our "glorious inheritance" must be immediately forthcoming.
Before, however, falling in line we who "eat
bread by the .west of our brow" will Jo well to
consider the subject to its relation to ourselves.
Just what do we mean when we speak of the freedom of the press? Is it a mere shibboleth, a
mouthy phrase like tite freedom of contract that
we are supposed to enjoy! The worker knows that
he has no such freedom of contract. He must sell
his labor where and how he can. The devil of
hunger drives and there fa no choice.. Is it on a
parity with "equaUty before tiie law"—another
bourgeois battle-cry tiwt thc worker diagnoses at
sight? The penniless vagrant is immediately railroaded to the penitentiary, while the millionaire
criminal buys immunity of every last functionary
front the legislator to the policeman on thc beat
If tiw freedom of tiw prem is in the same clam
as them "freedoms" we have just mentioned, its
maintenance fa no concern of ours, and we can
best know thfa by understanding Be function, who
awn. it and what reward it draws for the activities fa displays to the social life of the community.
The most important of theel questions 4s that of
ownership. Society today fa. divided into two
classes. One of these owns and controls the machinery of wealth production, tiw other owns ab-
eolutely nothing but the power to lsbor, to produce
wealth. The dam that produces tiw weslth fa by
far tiw most numerous. There are many workers
te one capitalist They own no machinery, so it fa
obvious they do not own pw press. Since the
workers do not own Ae press, the eVpJtalfet, being
the only other class, mum rank it among ite pos-
Sfaee they are few fa
aaa. workers, they cannot
aa compared to
their   aseen-
This story has not a particle of truth to it, and
has been contradicted by every responsible person
coming out of Busste. Mr. Wickham Steed, editor
of the London Times, snd two aristocrats in the
British foreign office, as owners of a journal ' fa
England were fjrst responsible for setting ft out on
ite travels around the world. They were brought
to time both by an Anti-Bolshevik organisation fa
England and by Dr. Harold Williams mentioned
below, snd others. They withdrew snd apologized
for the report. Details of this matter may be found
in-baek numbers of the Bed Flag. Thc apology of
the editor of the "Times" has been given the utmost publicity fa Vancouver, ss elsewhere, time and
time again, since the report was put in circulation.
It speaks greatly for the poverty of the capitalistic
opponents of the working clam republic fa Buaste,
in so far as possession of material with whieh to
discredit it goes, when they have to keep on serving up this same old bedraggled aad discreditible
lie, the natural scum progeny of their own bestial,
pornagrapbic imaginations.
Whst sre the facts! The Rev, Albert Rhys Williams, who wss fa Russia himself, has thfa to say:
"Some Moscow paper published what is called   a
;., '    ;   ,1 ,','•:\ ' ■■v'.ii,"-,'- •';■■■"  ■,   , ,; )•""',„ •%'.
dency by brute force alone; this is exactly where
our free press comes in. Ite function is to keep the
worker in such s state of'ignorance that he will
imagine that things sre as they were meant to be
by God, as they have always been and always will
be, world without end.. Amen. To keep the worker
fa this frame of mind, the free prem has descended
to the lowest depths of corruption.
« Members of society, many of them talented, are
bought for little more than thirty pieces of silver,
their intellects prostituted snd their genius perverted all to the end tiwt the ruling claas msy still
hold on to the privileges thst the clsss nature of
our modern system of slavery has enabled' them to
If you do not believe me perhaps you will accept
the word of John Swinton, one time editor of the
New York Times. "The business of the Journalist
is to destroy the truth, to lie outright, to; pervert,
to villify, to fawn at the feet of Mammon and to
sell hfa country fend his race, for his daily bread.
——We are intellectual prostitutes."
That is our. "free press." A howl of righteous
indignation goes up to heaven when the Typos
Union declare their intention of refusing to set up
-what they know to be a downright lie; but when
the Western Clarion, and other Socialist publications were banned by order-in-councih the Holy
wrath of thc respectable citizen was vented without
anyone smelling a whiff of it
The "free press" is like all the other free institutions of capitalism, free libraries, free soup
kitchens and free toils. They are exemplifications
of bourgeois "freedom;" weapons that may all be
used to keep the worker enmeshed fa the toils of
The "free press" is the bourgeois prem, and what
it seeks fa not liberty but license.
v As the bourgeois press can not brook competition, the Socialist press is mercilessly suppressed, while the working elam movement fa too
weak to fight its battles. Wfth growing power,
the worker wfll establish hfa own prem and when
sufficiently powerful, wfll just as mercilessly prevent the .dissemination of bourgeois ides.. Every
campaign of lies, every new attempt fet vflUfice-
tion, every effort to strangle thc workers on the
part of those who control the newspapers, brings
them so mueh nearer to the day when they will no
longer he able to cloud the minds of thc workers,
when they and all their kind wfll be consigned to
the rubbish heap of history, and we wfll have s
prem free from all the trammels, of slavery tiwt will
function as ft ought W. B.
decree on the "Nationalization of Women.'* The
Soviets immediately suppressed tiw paper fend fined
the owners 251,000 roubles. (Buthlem blood-thirsty
Bolsheviks. ■ Edit) Jerome Davis, who was act-
fag; bead of the Y. M. C. A. in Buaste, nays, 'In all
my stay fa Busste, I talked with hundreds connected with thc Sovtet Government They not only
violently opposed such immoral doctrines but also
thought them too ridiculous to discuss." There are
many bitter opponents of the Soviet Government.
Here is what one of them says on the so-caleld decree on the nationalization of women:   ,
'It is certain that the Central Sovtet Government
has issued no order of the kind. I consider it wrong
to weaken the case against the Bolsheviks by imputing to them crimes they have not committed?—
(Dr. Harold Williams, correspondent of the London
Chronicle snd New Tork Times, s most persistent
enemy of the Soviets.)"
But, dear doctor, when the would-be saviors of
capitalism and their breves are bankrupt of constructive criticism of the statesman - like Soviet
program, what arc they to do? Two wrongs would
not make a right Nevertheless, while protesting
against being forced to deal with such unsavory
details, wc publish the following from the "Queens
Daughters in India" It wfll show that the shoe
fits like a glove on the bourgeoisie themselves.
"For many years the army authorities fa Indis
used to recruit women as prostitutes for   British
soldiers, these women being recognized as part of
the equipment of every.regiment, and being regularly inspected by the medical officer. On  June
17, 1886, under instructions from   Lord   Roberts,
then commander-in-chief, a circular memorandum
was issued   by   Major-General   Chapman,   which,
stated, amongst other things, that it te necessary--
' To arrange for   the   effective   inspection of
prostitutes   attached   to    regimental    bazaars,
whether in cantonments or on the line of march.
To have a sufficient number of women, to take
care that they are sufficiently attractive, to provide them with, proper houses.—(Parliamentary
Psper, No, 197, of 1888.')
These instructions were promptly acted on, for
on July 9, the officer commanding the Connaught
Rangers at Jullender wrote to the Assistant Quar-
temaeteWtonorai^ .     ^ ,      '-;■
The Cantonment .Magistrate   hss   already on
more than one occasion been requested to obtain
a number of younger and more attractive women,
but with little or no success.   He further urges
as desirable that the   Cantonment   Magistrates
should 'give all possible aid to commanding Officers in procuring a sufficient number of young,
attractive, and healthy women.' ,
On the same date an application was made tor
six extra 'young.and attractive women* tor the 2nd
Cheshire Regiment; and as it was   not   promptly
compHcd wfth,. another appeal wm sent  saying
that 'some of the women   now   with   tiw   headquarters of the   2nd Battalion Cheshire Regiment
are not very attractive,* and asking that their pre-
ication be complied with.   On July 24,
commanding the Artillery at Jullender
wrote;—'There are not enough women, and they
are.net attractive.   More and younger women are
required, and their houses   should   be improved.'
Another officer writes:  'I have ordered the number of prostitutes to be increased to twelve,   and
hsve given specisl instructions as to the four   additional women befag young and of
pearanee.'   During this year (1886) there
merous references of a similar character, pointing
out that the prostitutes provided for the   Britten
soldiers ware not attractive enough   or  that  the
brothels were not sufficiently comfortable *'—fReport of thc Working of the Lock Hospitals of the
N. W. Provinces end .Ottdh, for 1886.)
■ . i i IH.I- ■
8 p.m., Empress Theatre, corner of Gore
A ^iP^H!
Bv • - ■*■
SOME yearn ego one Daniel DeLeon. Socialist,
spoke at some length on the subject of "The
Burning Question of Trades' Unionism." Daniel's
remarks were intended1 to be somewhat of tiw natureof f fire extinguisher. Nevertheless, the question continues to burn—one might almost say
"heartburn." Not to put too fine a point Upon it,
the discussion which rages (the word is well
chosen) in certain quarters over, under and around
this subject te acrimonious to a degree.
The debating of such subjects as the one in question, Withfa reasonable limits, is by no means to be
frpwncd upon. It is by such means that truth is
sought and found and error exposed. Bui ft fa
unwise to say the least to allow sueh discussion to
sink to that level where acrimony magnifies the fa-
sue cut of sll proportion to its real importance.
Add ft is to be regretted thst the echoes of thc discussion which hss been snd is still raging over thfa
particular subject have been allowed to penetrate
to certain quarters where, as might have been expected, they were more OT lent misinterpreted and
entirely misunderstood.
The result is that among members of organized
labor the idea fa very prevalent that between them
and- lite fluetehet, a yawning gulf is fixed. There
te*»e duubt that the impression exists that the
Socialists regard that form of organisation into
which labor has instinctively grouped fteetf as a
thing to be vigorously denounced and strenuously
combatted at every opportunity. That this idea is
erroneous and arises out of a misunderstanding,
for Whteh tiw" trade unionist is not entirely to.
blame, I shall endeavor to show.
The question as it is at this time generally debated may be stated thus :-Has Trades' Unionism
ever bettered thc condition of tie worhfag class?
Wfll tt ever taxable to do so? The uncompromising
adherents of what has been termed "The Philosophy of Misery" return an unqualified negative
to both these questions, and at first blush their
position appears to be sound.
The trades' unionist will point to the fact that
those trades which have been well organized hsve
generally enjoyed better pay and working conditions than those unorganized, and argue that ft
fa the unions which have procured them this advantage. It must be remembered, however, in thfa
connection, tiwt it te tha skilled trade, general l>
speaking, which 'have been organized longest and
most thoroughly, and as such they would naturally
command better pay than unskilled labor Whether
tkey organized or not.
The unionist may contend that the standard of
living of all labor, organized and unorganized, has
been raised appreciably during, say, the last fifty
years, and it is due to the efforts of the unions that
this is so. The socialist will, however, point to the
fact that the tendency of tiie development of the
processes of production is to demand a more and
more efficient worker, that a snorter working day
and a better standard of living is necessary to thc
production and maintainence of such efficiency,
and Will argue from this; that the relstive advantage new enjoyed by labor (sueh tet they may
be) might have been' conceded^ even though no
union had ever oxfated. .»
Thc socislist will point °rtf$l tiie competition
Of unorganized labor; both sktiwd fend unskilled,
whteh constitutes a large proportion of the whole,
win si ways set to maintain hours snd wages st
thst point whieh the market warranto and the met-
hoda of produetion make necessary. Tne'unionist
sountem wfth the argument that organization fa not
yet complete | that when alt members of all brsnehes
of labor bavc been organised then, eoaftprtuioii being eliminated, lsbor' will have things sll its   own
This fa a beautiful dream. A little reflection wfll
show that, even though all labor could be so organised* such orgaruxathm would create no new demand for labor, tn short, there would still be more
laborer* then jobs, and whatever eompetifien pre-
viously existed outside, the unions would
be brought inside—but it would still be
tion. Thus we are driven to the conclusion
iiot only is it extremely doubtful that Trades'
Unionism has ever bettered tiw condition of the
working cl ass -as a whole, but also that there seems
little hope that its further extension wfll be amy
more successful.
The union, as DeLeon pointed out, fa the arm
which labor Instinctively throws up to protect its
head against the blows of capitalfam. , It is labor's
reaction t& the stimulus of its environment From
the moment of its inception ft became a factor in
human- affairs. . Speculation as to what might he
the present condition of the working class
lsbor not reacted fa that particular way fa
Seclalegy fa not an experimental science. Speculation as to what might be accomplished from now on
if trade unionism could be eliminated fa sheer waste
of time. There is no indication that such elimination could ever be effected. On the contrary there
is every reason to believe that trades' unionism to
some modified and extended form wfll continue to
be a prominent faetor so long as capitalism exists.
As the conditions whteh celled ft forth change, so
will unionism change its form in the endeavor to
adjust Itself to changing conditions. As the weakness and inefficacy of the arm which labor throws
up to protect its head becomes Wore ami more Apparent, so will labor endeavor to strengthen and
reinforce that arm as best it may. But trades'
unionism will continue to .be a fact. The adjective,
"Trade" may be discarded. The form and mechanism may be modified But fa essence tiie institution will remain the same—an organization of
%rkers founded, not on class consciousness^ as the
socialist understands it, but on thst recognition of
identity of interest which their status Inspires. In
short, thc workefttfaglfftganize to make the
of their position aa^for^rs-Uiot as class-eoi
wage slaves to overthrow/a system. And there fa
every reason to believe that the workers will continue toto organize, so long as they con^ue to be
wage' workers.        * •    !       P ,
So far the outlook is as black and as hopeless as
, the most earnest exponent of "The Philosophy of
Misery" could desire.   But'there is another angle
from which thc subject may be approached.   What
ssys bur exponent bf tfce ♦•Dialectic" method.
"We must consider things not merely as they
sre but slsn fa the light of whst they once were
and"—what is perhaps most important fa this connection—"what they are likely fa develop into."
Hie weapon of the labor union is the "strike.**
In its early and simplest form under capitalism,
the strike was purely industrial action of merely
Wal significance. It was directed against the individual employer or employing interest, Ihe idea
being to force certain concessions by occasioning
inconvenience snd lorn of "profit to that particular
employer or interest., It will not be necessary to
do more than briefly suggest the development and
extension of tins Idea as the facte thereof are more
or lem .common knowledge. We ha fe long since
passed the stage where the strike wsa directed
simultaneously against several different employing
interests by Worhers of "the same trade acting fa
coneevt. and have now arrived at thc "Sympathetic" stage.
The sympathetic strike may be described as a
strike simultaneously directed'against several different employing interests with most of whteh
there fa, st the moment, no quarrel; the idea being
to cause the unoffending. Interests to bring pressure to beer on tbe offending interests to compel!
them to effect s settlement. At this stage the
strike begins, more or lew unconsciously so fsr as
tbe striken are concerned! to take on a certain degree of political significance.
As tin, stage develops, the "State" finds it at-,
cressfagly difficult to maintain the semblance of
neutrality. Consequently, each succeeding strike
of thfa nature provides a liberal education for the
workers and awakens fa them tiw recognition at
the necessity forJ"Jwlitical action"-^ the Socialist understands it. The logical development of thfa
idea may be seen in the recent action of the "Triple
Alliance" in Great Britain. Here the strike haa
developed into conscious—though no necessarily
class-conscious—political action.
Coincident with thfa evolves tiw "One Big
Union" idea, the development of whteh will tend
to make every strike more and more political to
nature. There fa no doubt that a strike called by
an even partially organized One Big Union would
be of such scope end magnitude as to make the
mere threat of it a tremendous political lever.
Thus it ms/be seen that, while labor may refuse
to be argued into pbtttieal action by the Soemhst
it will ultimately be forced into sueh action by the
inevitable development of that farm of organization which it has adopted. That conscious political
action is now developing out,of trade unionism is
proven by reference 'to the "Triple Alliance" mentioned above. How rapidly thfa will become cteaa-
eouaetoan will depend upon a number of factors,
one of which is the floefaBtf education. .
If tiw conclusions reached above are approximately correct—and I believe that events will prove
them to be so—then may the Socialist compose himself to contemplate Trale Uunionism and the "commodity struggle" with a mere tolerant eye than
has been hfa habit hitherto. There fa a benevolent
appesH0 old gentleman wearing long white whiskers, clad in a nightshirt and carrying a sythe. Ho
is known as "Father Time." The fact fa not gen.
erally appreciated but he a Socialist of the most
pronounced revolutionary type. He is very busy
among the trade unions these days, He Ifeworking
fotv*- j *£#** ri*3By
iS   VSatiat WeW
(From the "Socialist -Standard,"   London, Eng.)
A lot of make-believe capitalist sympathy haa
been slobbered over the working class recently as
the result of the revelations of some of the horrors
of working-class existence fa the mining districts
and ill the East End of London. Tiwt the cspi-
talists may make a genuine effort to improve these/
conditions is quite possible. The war hss shown
them that they have a C3 nation of workers, end *
tiw latest births snd deaths returns have revealed
to them thc unpleasant prospect that unless they
bestir themselves they will soon hsve no nation of
workers at all on which to found the military and •
eomme^ptel supremsey of their Empire. But even
if ttejrad improve the workers conditions; if they
stable them in pslsces snd harness them in "Workmen's Charters;" if Lord Lcverem finds that
he can exhaust his men to six hours and does it,
and Itr, Ford discovers snew that high wages; so
the Dutch ssy of point,   cost nothing—whst then?
Such things, realized fsr beyond the realms of .
possibility, Would leave us unmoved. We .re out
for LIFE for the workers. Thc world fa beautiful.
Life Is glorious. Even work fa joy It a man may,
as Morris said, "rejotee in the -Work of hte hand.**
Evolution has given no,, the poaaJMltty of producing by work, a. distinct from tofl, weslth in suck
abundance that the amenities of civilization sh.1I
be tbe portion of an, without stint.
A plsce in the sun, a draught of tbe sweet sir
of the meadow, the tianquilfty of the countuy sunset relieved of the shadow of' out slavery—ere
they not worth fighting forf Are the workers for
ever to be 'content with the mentality that can
raise a singer to fame and fortune oh sueh a song
as "Champaign Charley?*' Thc earth sings a
better' song after rain, but how many of us nave
heard ft? Tbe World wfth sB fts beauty is forlbe
Workers If they wfll but take ft.
' ■ •
'**•**' <"
"will no
"Bunaway alave" Jy
mantic Tom Sawyers fa
rate bnt pacticaL^.
fa an old nunuT^alBi
owless frame; he waa chained to the
bed.   To pry off the board, crawl
frame, lift tiw bed and
the work of a moment, and
advised Hues.   Tom inafated
under the barn, sawing off
tbe mwduat ma|
's wg..40*n feome.
an Government has
of conspiritors, who wore
foundation of society.
fee mysterous pro--
nerals prophesizcd unctiously of
uortendfag;. Newspaper leaden
tiw veiled announcements
element of Western
Canada, were'iOL VpBkers" fa s different sense of
meaning to tiS^ordlwhen spplied to working
elate affairs, Meaday, June 17, we experienced the
worst—the blow feH.   At tiiree or four o'clock in
wg of fe
Jim was fi
to cho[
strategy1 the
in cspturingX
feverishly sa
Cabinet nai
gram, milii
ass   ^M*mwam/ajn^am***m;
j duire   the
chartist agitations and the catty days
unionism, it was called transportation. W
$iberte as a ftkaly ptoee.   |t weajl|-aavc
pense; there being large political prisons already
built; to addition to whteh it seems to be the largest
and least populated section of tiw   world's area,
and that te a very important faetor, ea we shall see
by reading thc next column.   A mining town   of
fan Gum, Sttckfast. Gods, Gastine,
Lizzies, Ministers of Labor, of Beligion of
of Justice,* .create vfiprs oaf
cures, adapted to
methods to
that to
Borden We
and practice of
'■'-' ■■'■; ■
that  the
leaden of Winnipeg are arrested, every newspaper
we have seen proclaims thfa fact as true, though
that to haelf fa no gusrsntce of trutivthey all pro-
** * afijfclM end thate alLtta.
BE-nJpbai^,'ef the
According to the report---'
New South Wales, Cobar by name, with a popula-   claim
tion of 5000, has been ruined by the afimp to eop-   with
per.  According to the rojort--"taw liopte otCn,   worirl
the morning,
somew ne
thrWinnipeg strike leaders
beds  and rushed  to   toil,
T*hfa nwstoriy stratagem,
taneously with a raid on the
project which   entirely   over-
of distinction.   A cordon of
bar are st unn ed, and do not know what to do. They
have made frantic appeals to tiw government for
assistance, but what* can the state government do,
that it is not already doing?" It propose, to find
one-third of them job. elsewhere. What could a
government do fa a country where wheat Bus rotting fa tbe open air, and feeding rats. Where cattle
roam thc wide spaces, fa sueh numbers as to almost
become pests. What could a poor government do!
It could do what any master class government
could do; transport six or seven prominent members of the working cuss, while thousands upon
thousands of the working class starve because there
fa too much copper, too mueh wheat, too much beef uwnte
too much of everything that man requires.
pie and
eon says
V J ■ JMK.
Siberia wfll do for the present, though at the rate
ice surrounded the Labor Tern- «Bolshevism is growing, it is quite likely that, order-
of the law was duly vindicated   \y and constitutional government might, be driven
to select a quiet spot for iteelf, say St. Helena, and
banish the Bolsheviks to the other portions of the
locked doors.   Gideon Robert-
very nice job."   Of   course ft
e "Pounted   Police"  as the
doers, in Tom Sew-
de   la Sausage, Milo
swallow the sawduat. Well
now exclaim "How
earth.   That would be a "very nice job" too.
Arresting thc leaders, while a strike is being
conducted on a charge not connected wfth the
Strike, fa a daring act indeed. No one can accuse
our^overnment ef cowardice. Bold as the efty
green-horn, crawling up to a patch of wild oats at
abuse our patience! Do you   four o'clock in the morning, they carried
tea It was s "very nice Job." ,
, Having arrested nine men, something must be
done. *Wc bear of several charges of conspiring to
prevlnft-the poliee from performing theft- duty, eon
spirto^Bn overthrow constituted authority, taking
Bolsheviki money and soma few score others. One
^wetaawfefeTS to making the constitutional
cut e^Snada ridiculous must be a mis-
... canH see what could be more lflwbjr to
ridicule upon" fe government than the appeal
aft to the *r«ete to nevto* been mnde by
r of Labor Bobertson to'Samuel Gompers.
Gompera who Was the laughing stock of
Enrobe, and who is utterly discredited fa Canada
andXe United States, Who was charged by a fel-
uclegate to the Seattle Convention, with mak-
night hideous with drunken noise so thst
living fa the same hotel could net get pro-
, and when Delegate McDonald went to
Gompers to bfa nightshirt, flourished
instructions to the letter. Some people might suggest thst fa srresting strike leaders during a strike,
they have done a very foolish thing, we would
hardly go so fsr, but even if it is foolish, our government esn alway retreat gracefully* from a foolish position, as witness the law forbidding strikes
passed last January.
Of course, consideration is always to be given to
thc sourse we derive information from. The Great
Lying Press, an institution in ordinary .time vile
enough, but fa times of working clsss protest, unspeakably vile. We take as an example two reports : The Vancouver "World," Jnne it, front
page ssys:—"G. D. Robertson said he had no information to give out. The arrests had taken
place, he declared, as a result ef s decision of the
department of justice, and the department of labor
was not concerned wfth them." The Vancouver
"Province," June 18, front page ssys:—"Sir
Bobert Borden told Mr. MacKenxte that the prisoners hsd been srrested on a charge of seditious con-
of boose, and bellowed for him to eome to.   apftuey.   Government Council at Wfarfpeg   had
been instructed thst it should take no proceedings
tor arrest of the men, save under too autiwrfty of
the minister of labor. That autiwrfty had evidently been given." The "World" reports Bobertson
ss stating that the llgiifajial ef labor had noth-
tog to do wfth the arrests The "Provtoee"
Borden as saying the arrest, could only be
authority of the department of labor, which te tiw
Barf Are these bold and honorable "craters" already seeking to avoid respensflnfltyf We can not
tell. One thing only we are sure of—the press lies,
system.tie.lly. purposely, sad tolsulstinejly, lint
tea fact whieh hss afl the validity and force of a
mathematical • demenetrution*-—that two and two
arc four. We must always remember thfa one great
fundamental factor of saodern flfe, tiw function of
.tiw prem is to Be. ■■ Tne ails st^ut after teflslfaiii
^'—    —.    —   i      '     infill    ——VIIa    Tm .itln tl . .i      *-   Am     .im ..I       mI^mm
a. e powerrui puntie menemmm w to ereeie vmws,
not' to give news. Te create vfews ott Teniae, Chew-
thte individual, living to a foreign country,
emigrant at thst; s nunteter* of thte
for help. 'If to such notions-
government emwtete,   ft would   be
erfluous to try mskfag ft rlAeulous. •
The "Vancouver World," whieh fortunately had
not been "suspended" eurrted   the new!   of thte
great exploit  It had furthermore, two news items
ride by ride whteh h.ve a sHght bearfaf on Bobcrt-
non*a "very ntee Job." under »   Sidney, N. S. W.
date line, we are told that "about" sixty persons
mostly Russians who nave been actively engaged
as Bolsnevfatinwiwgsndfats for some time, are to
. be deported without delay"  The account gees on
.to aay—"ft fa stated somewhat mysteriously   that
lepcrted to the circumstances detailed are
to territory set   .part   by the  British
-for the internment   of   Bolsheviks
other rebels." That's a very nice Job too. We
bed in
the early morning because they were promfaentJtt
a strike. The early morning ^|d an. foVnolp
purpose than to emphasize the dangerous character
Of the prisoners. They are, according to some reports, to be transported by order of the immigration office if found guifty of the charges; whieh
consist of some generalizations and allegations
n*teb border on idiocy. A statement attributed to
Robertson appears fa the "Province" of June IB.
It fa quite in kcepfagwith hfa former utterances,
fa fa blackface, so we assume that ft   must   be of
^^ri)^S^^<From •a*t!ot»l evidenee ob-
onsisting of papers, pamphlets and docu-
hcred fa by the police on Tuesday morn-
fe tow:3uivfe been scrutinized, the citizens I
ot Wfanipcg and Canada will have Hitic difficulty
in reaching a conclusion as to the depth and wr-
iousness of the conspiracy which was going on. nut
fa Wfanipcg only but generally throughout West-
era Canada.
"The representatives of the justice department
will fa due time unfold the facte, It might be in- •
terestfag, however for the public to know that the
record* indicate that a special committee had been
selected on June 10, to investigate and report upon
tite possibaities of cutting off the electric power
from the city, and that correspondence addressed to
B. B. Russell, secretary of the One Big Union, Provincial Executive Committee'of Manitoba, acknowledges receipt of Bolsheviki money."
Let us examine thc fatuous statement. Of course
Robertson can blame it on the Province and the
Province can blame ft on someone elm. to the first
place, the "citizens" sre advised that they will be
able to judge from documents "few of which have
yet been scrutinised." The facts whteh are towwn
sre so childish as hardly deserving attention from
serious-minded men, were it net that the fhutditn
Government fa apparently hopeful of putting over
thfa assault on "working clam freedom" by force
A special committee waa appointed to report on the
possibility of cutting off the supply of electricity.
A remsrksbly revolutionary project. But note the
conclusion: Correspondence addressed' to B. B.
draomiso-gea receipt ef Bofahevfld
Who sent that correspondence to Bus-
sellf And why should flussel! be srrested because
some fool or rogue Sent him s letter elsiming to
have received Bolsheviki money. And what hsve
the eight other nmtt gut to do with thfa fellow who
tell. Huasell to a letter that he had received Bolsheviki money t
If the government have no better .case than*
Bobertson announces, then there wfll be one hdl ef
s row.when toe esse reaches the House of Commons *
in England Being a fool fa the one unforgiveable
crime in the eode of imperial capftalfam. We see
living fa a differenrworld todsy than that of five
years sgo, and such acta ss thfa arrest can'but result fa the etem lines being tighter drawn, tite
etem issue clearly revealed, snd the elsm struggle
mote oeimjteiy recoenizeu.
Apropos of nothing whatever, we rise to remark:
that upon tite test occasion of governmental   kidnapping of Labor Leaders we wot off; Governor
Peabedy of Colarado, who fasuettiv order, died a
(Continued on Page Six)
-- .'•;■
i ■ ■ ■ ■■    , t
■ ■
A Journal of News and Views Devoted to the Interests of the Working Class
a   I  • i
V0L.1  NO. ?2
rp HE battle of the organized labor movement
X for recognition of an effective method of
collective bargaining, has become marked by a new
form of activity by the 'Federal Government
against tiw movement. In the clearest and most
unmistakable manner, so thst afl may see. it has
been demonstrated that the Government fa but the
executive committee of the bourgeofa dictatorship
to Canada. . »
. Several strike leaders and other active supporters of the strikers have been arrested in Winnipeg, fa the middle of thc night, and spirited away
from their homes to a distant penetentiary. Along
With thorn of British stock, . few Russians have
also beeti gathered fa, in order to give the necessary Bolshevik coloring to the affair. Warrants
„ are out for others, including W. A. Pritehard and
Dick Johns. A prem report just published says
tost Pritehard has been arrested in Calgary.
The strike leaden have been arrested under Jlw
provisions of an Act of Parliament, hastily devised
to cope with the present "situation."   So   much
smashing labor's organizations as a means of resisting the encroachments of capital, that the Bill
was reported as being rushed through both houses
of parliament fa twenty minutes. Thus one of jbe
most drastic anti-labor laws that has ever been
psssed through any house of legislation, not excluding any country, was passed without discussion.
Feature this measure as they may, as being an assault upon Anarchists and Bolsheviks, it is recognised as but the mask from behind which, the
"dark" forces are smashing the organized labor
movement, and through it, the working class aaa
whole to lower levels of economic slavery.
The prisoners were at first held without bail and
press reports said titey were to be tried by a special
"Board of Industry,"appointed under the new
Act Note tiie camouflaging name given to the
board. Three members of too board, whose names
were not given, were coming from Ottawa Also
eligible for membership on the board, ft was said,
were Colonel Stearns,   of the  B. N. W. Mounted
Police; Commissioner Perry of the same force, and
Acting-commissioner of Immigration, Thomas Galley. The reports also said that there would be no
trial fa the civil courts. "*V
What then fa this "Board of Industry.'' It re-
veals itself as nothing more or lem than, a court-
martial tribunal. Everyone of the individuals mentioned arc paid officials of the bourgeois State.
They are employed in collecting the evidence, running thc prisoners down, and are also judges, jury
and jailors too.; Thst the Government hss changed
ite policy on thfa .matter' does not obviate the feet
that the above was the method by* which the arrested men were to be tried if pressure bed not been
brought to near.
Senator, the Hon. Gideon Bobertson, minister of
labor, referring to the arrest of these men, said:
"H te a vejpr nice job." We tb.uk him for that
smug, complacent phrase.   It Is a nice ''fab.*'
If the sting can be taken out of organized labor.
•/JyriB.Jg fe "nice job" for the capitalist oligarchy.
\U the rtandardef Bvfaa of the working clam stoke,
e Oligarchy, which
"nice job for then
process, unfortunately   for the Canadian capitalistic oligarchy, has also a kittenish, unexpected way
of producing "nice jobs."   We await wfth the ut-
most assurance ite verdict, feeling sure that it will
over-ride tiw verdict of the "Board of Industry,"
or any other tribunal appointed by tiie Canadian
Capitalistic Oligarchy.
The Crown Prosecuter said he hoped to hfeve tite
prisoner, and their families out of the country fa
a week. The: capitalist prem is howling for their
blood. The Toronto Mall and Empire, implies they
ought to be bung. Watt, that fa the bourgeois
remedy. When you have hung them, imprisoned
them and deported them. What wfll you do then T
Unemployment poverty to the midst of wealth,
exploitation, misery, degradation, will they be deported toot    ;" hh.?fM^u*X-;:i
How many perished, directly or indirectly,
through the late war, allegedly waged to stamp out
militarism, twenty, thirty millions? No man
knows, or will ever know. But of this we do knew,
that militarism is more surely shackled onto the
human race now, since the war has been fought,
than ever it hss been fa all humanity's chequered
to Its fan under the pressure of historical forces, ft
mast perforce buttress snd buttress itself up with
military power. Buttress itself up with the sole remaining justification fof its existence, is a protesting world—Military Might.
'■■(' '''!"'     .'.Mi    r"'"'„lT ii,.111", .'Hi,"'      ,, ,   1   ,„',':„
-■-■'; i
SYDNEY, NB., June 19.-Silby Barrett and
J. C Mclwchten, United Mine Workers' lead-
em in Cape Breton, have forwarded a telegram of indignation to the minister of lsbor,
Ottawa, wfth reference to the arrest of the
Winnipeg strike loaders. The telegram reeds:
"The arrest of Winnipeg lsbor men fa a
case of making criminals by act of parliament.
Thfa union protests against this sneak-thief
method of .nesting men. We pledge ourselves to do all we can to bring about a general strike all over Canada. Present strikebreaking government too contemptible to re-
quest anything Irani1
After e series of meetings held March 18-22, the
following resolution was formulated:—
"The Executive of the Italian Socialist* Party
considers the Internationalist Socislist Bureau to
be an instrument of the war policy of tiw pseudo-
democratic bourgeosie tending to mystify tite proletariat and to hinder the activity of the Revolutionary Socialist International. It regards tiie efforts of the International Socialist Bureau to revive thc energies of the Socislist proletariat as
vafa; that the International Socialist Bureau haa
become the hostage of the imperislist bourgeofaie
of thc Entente; that tbe alliance formed at Berne
between the Socialistpatriotie tendencies of Entente imperialists and tite fentral Powers prove,
the reactionary tendency of all tiw section, whteh
failed in the pledges of the* International against
the capitalist bourgeoisie whteh brought all the nations into thc w.r,
"It eemuders it impossible far these who kept
their frith fa the principles of the International and
those who betrayed tt to remain to one end the
name organisation. Instead of working towsrds
an immediate convocation of the parties and sd-
hering organisations, on the eowatten of hostiBtte.
tiw Bureau contributed to the sueema of the
Conference, whteh wee merely e
Soetelkt Conference. For these reesous the Bxe-
eutive decides to withdraw from tiw toterrwtional
Seeteifat Bureau snd intends to work for the eon-
a^4ruVasrBe*Hrism       nJT   vmsm '    ■a^mrWsf'aluuwmranBHWUamr      Cs^aanum)fiauT       •Ta^waeu*—.
on tiw princtotes estsbhsbed by the
sian Communists, and for'an International Socialist
Cfonference.   ■■ k^I'",:H": '.:~^,\
"The resolution added that the Italian Socialists
meant to take active measures to | win v over the)
Socialists of other couptries to this new allegiance.
The Executive also declared its readiness to organize a general strike in order to force
drown} of the Italian troops now in Russia.
(From tiw Glasgow "Soctelfat")
Whst sre, ss a rule, the symptoms of a revolutionary situation T We shalj certainly be on the
right track fa pointing out three msin symptoms:
(1) A ruling class finds ft impossible to retain
its domination intact due to it* passing through
. criafa whieh stimulates the oppressed class to
revolt against its rule. For revolution to bresk
out ft te not enough for those st the bottom to be
content to live ee they did before, they must also
see to ft that ft becomes impossible for those at
the top to continue their eld poliey; (2) want and
suffering ere cxpeiteneed by the sppisssed elam
to a more intense degree then ordinarily; (3) the
causes' Indicated Compel increased activity
amongst the masse.. During "Times of peaee*'
they calmly allow themaelve. to be fleeeed, but to
times of strew they sre stimulated by the stagtog
of the crisis, together with the action of these at
the top, to enter tiw arena aa an independent hte-
torial farce. Without them objective change, to-
dependent of the wfll, net only of tite
flssse.   icaolulhin fa, aa a -rule,, impoosibl
teA41L mm.      ^tm^mmmm. mtmm.mSmmmm      *     J»S*)» £*   ■UfaM* ' ' i **L  ■ m   mmt ■ ■
no sum, tneae   oojeeuv.   enaagee
 m. — A     U —       _a|1aA      *y.     ^^amM^Bm*Mmmmmmmmmmm^m,mmmm ' ^^to^ »il ,— W   WmTnMmWmm*1
waat w eauea u revoruwoiwry sarnaKJon.--—ijnisir*.


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