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The Red Flag Aug 9, 1919

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Array The Conflict Between Capital and Labor
flustered at the failure af Labor
tal, to git together on
settle the strife which
hardships on many people.   They
the ofaviou* feet tiwt instead af a:
fa unity mid tfae spirit of easwrecawe,   the
fa relation to ■©-
r, we earry fat each
warn tfate
■ antagonism, which .ttemnt sml.
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*******m"**^^ *"""™* ■ ■tw***   as«*   mw^ j\
_,   _   _     ,„, , ., *'***
the hope that a satisfactory solution to it will. fae
found through the way of knowledge.
We propose in thfa artide to deal wttfa it again-
trusting to dreg the hidden tit mints of the problem to the surface far ofaservatiam.
■   Uas1IJBLa4    lyfA       UMajUVJ/ -wv.^aTJfJgUjr,        lit        «^UU*riXauml        IO    ."ml,©-
modern   capitalism   whieh  is   am
economy. . -    •*    *
The Utilitttian school of serial philosophy
the product   end   intellectual   expression   of the
mOaWV-eeonomv steee   of   earitalist devdonment.
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Greet founders of thfa school were Adam Smith,
fa political economy, and Jeremy Bentham in, its
lrgalfatic i ipiittim. the theory end philosophy of
faw. Later, John Stuart Mill wu one of its chief
protagonists and waa fartrumentri in developing
its theories. These Utilitarian* based their philosophy oa the "material welfare of the community
et targe," towsrds whieh should thrir theta-fas be
adopted, ril activities wen te contribute "naturally" fa an aeoendfag aerie eccordWig to the degree
in which man could refrain from faterfering wttfa
tiie "ndiiid" iBiaaorii Iswaef wlMPlwttisgerakil.
aa a " natural "social order eternal, tiw week of
either tiw author of nature or of nature itself , according to the religious idea* of the uriividual, on
IPHU   aawnS**TaSs)s*Vs*s» .      **     *w*sUW ■ ^^"""""""""W*—*"■ ** "Sf^ss.  m^*M^*mwi    m^***************"    y^** ^w
gress was beet secured by freedom of private initiative. Self interest was to be tfae guiding star of
tfae moral world. The greatest happiness to the
greatest number was to result from tts practice.
The, body of tfaeory of thfa school, fa not of canvas,
aa crude a. stated here under the limitations of
Tfae famous latent Bain poliey. which dominated
British political petiriee for n fang, wra it. product. Iatasex fain means let matters done. Tfae
State wu not to fatcrfere in the fananwn or fadustrid life of the notion, but wee merely to «et
as a policeman against external agrearion or in-
tornri mdignanta
fadustry at that time waa carried on, on a very
lunch smaller scale than now. Wttfa exceptions, of
course, end tiwn growing ss time went on, the prevailing mode of viewing th* purpose Of industrial
activity, was tiwt men engaged fa tt for "livelihood,
whieh fa fa contrast to the fate-modern way of
looking at industrial enterprises tt lacing earned
on for proftt. "Capital" was then regarded tt a
atoek of material weans by vrhteh
canted on. Much the same as we hear
mfate (!) of today speaking   of a working aaan'.
bring capital. However, that wa* how eapttri wn
generally regarded at tiw stage ef early npttalfam
bend tt monayiBttoWj. livelihood being tfae
purpose of engaging in production. We hen a
mam of smril producer, today who have, perforce
no doubt, tin wane vtewpefat But trader tiw late-
modern eredtt-eeonomy form of capitalism,   tfate
e century out ef date, and to the modern budness
.man, it 'now carries -an sueh meaafag.   Betther en
an tfae guiding eirewawaancn ef
talitttton te new tite »*"»"»g pen at   of tha'' eor>
iwration as n smfawr emwern.   fa other words, tin
ajF^^a Bss*4r^a«si    sm    sss    s^apabBusa^    ^^m^***»rW^M mm*        mmm    *ww^**m*m     ^ ^^mwrn^**     ^^»w
una of enritri te the easrnrstea  of » certain sum
of money value, fata e luger oulntttt   ef money
Jk not ramwiniHj welfare ar liteH-
hood, but profits fa tfae first mid test concern of the
of taiaatefl eapttri.   Community   welfare
» ensue te but incidental to tin oroeess.
^^^^^^^^^■—     ^*m*     m^ ^W*w     ^^^r^^^^^a^^^a^^^a^^      W^^      ^a^^^»     ^^m mw wm-mmm^mmmw
ef produetion te pminiitarv interest,
tite neeumutatfan of wealth. Le., profits,   though
interest   of the   owner*   of   industrial
ww—idly served by an unbroken
ftew of production.
Contrarilly, if produetion was carried on pri-
marally far tiw welfare of the community, uninterrupted msdnttten would bert serve it. Tfate b
-■ mint worth aetfaaT fa eonriderina tbe merit* of
mJ**********M    a wmr ^^^ mmm     i «        ^'^^^^WZw       *^^^. 'mm**^************w** ^^**fjTP   ■    7^^^^^-      T*********W^**      !^^^'.
U^urtrid eajufanwnt owned, but tin faeete af cap*-.-
e will now roiirider the Utilitarian's self-interest theory, ss the bads of community welfare,
and observe its fate.
Like dl systems of philosophy, tfae Utilitarian
fmitabnUl a conriderable body of truth, but what
ite high priests and their disciples were not aware
of. waa that tt waa .truth, as all others, esrentidly
of time end plan. They mistakenly conceived
thrir order of soriety u of eternity, based on un-
fbsmgnhle natural lsws. That man must pursue
happiness along tiw path of self-interest though,
within the bounds of justice of course, wss one of
there fundamental fawn. To do, thte msn must be
free. Free to express his individuality, to give
vent to his initiative. In doing this men would find
their proper sphere ef activity, tiw heat men would
forge to the front, *11 of whieh would redound to
tfae welfare ef tfae community. And so in serving
a best served   their kind.   The   in
their power to labor mf merriiandice on a free com- ■
petitive market. Thc nation must have free trade.
So tfae State, wttfa its mania for conferring prescriptive monopolies arid imposing ruin and regu-
lations, must be relegated to the role of a policeman on guard, ready to step in when anyone did not
rdoj tfae game according to tteutiwm etal-
H we vfaualfae that era of comparatively amall-
ifaed production, a century end a helf ago, before
♦be invention of tiw power loom- tiw apinnfag jenny
and tiw steam engine, jre may realfae how well-
fitted that toriri philosophy was fa the ennomie
environment, and indeed wu a direct product of
it. Dfaeifativety, it was true fa fact to tfae economic Bfa of tiwf perm* end tt also contained truth
u . pteToaophie body of thought, fa that tt was
ttarif, in ita reflex action on the political life of the
time a powerful rid fa serial development.
But. O* Time, the destroyer, thy diairetic destroys even philosophic system, derigned for
eternity. *J
The factory, the machine, the introduction of
steam power, then were tiw aa^nefaa They
brought the credit cceuneay and the 'profit system
into its fall flower. Tfaey brought thc factory helfa,
wtth Women end children enslaved for twelve to
fourteen and even more hours e day, until even tfae
State Wtt eompelled'at last to step fa between tfae
employee and the employer's self interest.. It te fav
< cresting to note that eome Utilitarian, were so ob-
sesaed with the theory of non-faterferance tiwt they
bitterly opf>ooed fartoty acta, dtteragh before thfa
new era, the owdple* were radicals and reformer*.
I wish to show now why tt fa the eap.triist.uid
Tfae owner of the industrial plant, brings to the
pVefaUm fate 18th cenSury vtew.- of   society tt   a
about sdf-interest,
and -The Rights of Property   as philosophical con-
—i _ j^;a » Wrm, ...m.    . ^mm — — ■  ■   ■ ■      *. . ^^Js*^B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*B*BBBEa« ~  A^^*«b^^
eamw. But we ere no longer in tne lotn eenxnry.
muwn-ewea pnamnamui, wita it* parpen ex livelihood, is gone .
v tor ite pure
ger   TOMUg*.   This fa left to
owner posdbly know* nothing of tha fadustry, fate
ado interest fa it faring proftt. Ereu if ha te fas
business and is not merely a coupon clipper, fae fa)
concerned mostly wttfa buying and selling, that te,
tfae realizing of profits. The machine industry and
credit-economy have torn from fafan fate fsisnr
moral jurtiflration, the welfare of the conunimitjr
for fafa claim on the "nstural" righto of property
and the way of self-ipterest Neverthdna, he efaen
not think an, .t anyratc pottsnion, io an ntimte.
able advsntage. - •'•'
Now for the print of view ef Labor.
A* sn independent political force, Labor appears
late on the scene of social affaire. In Great Britain, fa 1848, the Chartists gave it it* first outstanding expression. Gradually from that time o»
tite movement has developed and fa gradually shad-
ding old ideological concepts and adopting new
one* inspired by tfae very' machine process of prev
duction itself. The old metaphysical concept* of
nstural rights are loosing their foree. The matter
of; fact materialistic way of Inking at things, bred
unconsciously into tbe worker by the machine process, fa the reason why he sen production aa n
means to another end than profits. No gteawr of
metaphysical "natural" rights obscure fate vision
and prevents him from resliring that the end and
purpose of production must be the welfare of tin
community. '
Tite foregoing te intended to show how it fa that
tfae worken eonrider livelihood and the welfare ef
the community at large? must be the primsry
pose of production.   And how the capitalist
rider* profits, and tbe accumulation of wealth fafa*
e few hsnds, tiw primsry purpose of production.
Two irrecondlsble   points   of view,   based on fav
rccondlsblc interests,   whose realisation demands
control of the forces of production/ So
intellectual stroggtebctwnntiw aantwri
cerned. the capitalist justifies hfa control of pro-
ion on ancient metaphy
dogma.  And the worken challenge the capitalist'»
control, on tfae bads' of tfae modern  maefaiiw»pro-
c«*s-inspired. hard toatter-of-fact materialist fagw-
Wfateji diril prevail?   The   machine   and   tin
mechanical proecsns are but fa their infancy.
The Hungarian, have been'ssved from—the Hun-.
garian* by the British, Prench. Italian, Amaffteanr
Roumanian, Cheeko-Slovak, Serbian, Grecian, Ana-
trian, German, and tfae native junker counterrevolutionary forces, snd sn Aurtro-Germsn Arcfa-
duke placed oh the throne. Hucrah for self-determination, Hurrah for freedom,'Hurrah for democracy.   And a tiger.
White the Liberals are railing for an investigation on the "fixing" of the coanription dectfan
and of the oversea, vote, they might also call for
one on the nart the Liberal press plsyed fa it Nothing mom b»ref*ced hss ever been pulled off. Bfa
known tiwt cditorids and other matter supporting
Laurier were actually pulled off the prem and
anti-Laurier stuff mbstitutod.
salaried *t
Boefaeafer, New York, July 13, lflf-
D. E- Batt, Secretary,
N.tioh.1 Org«ifaation Committee,
Communist Party. 1321 Blue faland Ave,
Chicago. HI. .
Dear Comrade:
ed to inform you that we fadorae your call for   e
convention to be held fa Chicago. September 1. to
gate* to same
Comradely your*,
C. M. OBBIEN. Cvtranfaer,
Local Bochester, Socfalfat "Party. . I
A Htew Ewrly and a New
for Communism
We are fa receipt of the first number of thc
''Counuunfat," official organ of the Communist
Party of America. The Communist annonncn that
ft fa imblfahed weekly fay the National Oi-gmiixation
Committee, 1221 Bin Island avenue, Chicago, 111.
Dennix B Bett, editor; A. J. MaeGregor, budne*w
manager. Subscription rates, *2 per year; tl for
afa months; single eoptes, five cants; bundle rates
on application. We wfafa n'etttt to tiw new party
and its organ aa an eantenten of proletarian corn-
to tin left Wing Gcn-
farenca S. P. nf A, By tfae Minority Itategatei
Comrade Delegates:
Opportunism and iafffluti*ff*M*ry, **f*fH*V" ate' tt-
antagonfatie asthe interests of tiw tSfttrifat ■ and
proletarian elaascs. The Left Wing te supposed to
represent revo.ution.ry socialism. Thc Socfalfat
Party stands for Opportunism. We esn not joiu
bands with the Socialist Party. Wc must organize
a revolutioiwry party to carry out the minion
placed on the proletariat of the world by the historic march of society. We have made several effort, here. Ton faave refund to listen to the dictate* of thte hfatoric mission of the proletariat.
Tfafa compelled us to refrain from participating fa
iter deUberations of the Left Wing Omfewnn.
However, Comrade ddegstes,   at   our   caucus
mwmMmMr**'    ^"Wann     **^*4s<eaU't** ■■•a.'syfc*    s**ass^*w*aiassssB#**a>        •■**b*b>b.    ••*s^a»wp »»
faave derided to make one more effort to secure
your cooperation in organixing .Communist
Party, in conjunction wttfa the Language Federation, and tiw Socfalfat Party of Michigan. The
Art—i— at this nueuSa takfaw the porition they
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do, nte convinced not only that tt fa impomibie to
capture thc Socfalfat Party, but even in the event
of capturing the National Socialist Party Convention the Left Wing wtil have but gained wntrol of
en empty efariL
Our view of capturing tiw Soeialfat Party far
away from the present farirareby, and farm, a new
jwrty on the beafa of tfae call imned by the Communist Intarnationri and the program laid down
by tfafa Cottferenn on June 22. And we urge you,
fa eondnrion, to retwrasider your former action and
fain wttfa an in the founding of * Communist Party
in Chicago on September 1. fa tfae event tfaat you
nn*1 not n operate, we must re-affirm our ection
cf yesterday to take no further active part in tfafa
Collective Bargain*
(From An Artide Entitled   "Collective Bargain-
fag fa Politic*," fa Ne^ York "Dial," July 20.)
«/"""tOLLECTlVE bargaining" 'and "the soeteli-
\s ration of the means of production" ate
the two phrase* most familiar in dfaeusrions of the
international labor movement. Now that war and'
revolution have restated the Marxian formula with
new implications, tfae gap haa, perceptibly widened
between the American trade-unionist content wttfa
collective bargaining, and the proletarian of
Europe, ambitious to achieve the control of
From the esrliest day.1 of the A. F. fof L., the
Aiacrican labor movement fans been predominantly
economic—or better, mereantilfatic—in character.
Ita ideal* have been those of the tradesman—its
mechanism that cf the trust- To nil labor fa a
monopolized market; to meet combination wttfa
stronger combination and thus to secure a "fair"
shsre of the product of industry—thst fa to say, a
share commensurate with the strength of the lsbor
group: such are the rims that hold craft unionism
everlastingly within a system that deals in labor as
it deals fa hogs—a system born blind to the, possibility of the control of fadustry by thc workers.
Thc Great Wer gave to American trade unionism a recognized plan in tiw established order of
fadustry. From the conflict Mr. Gompers and Mr.
Wilson emerged blood brothers fa the business of
defending things ss they sre, intent first of dl upon
the maintenance of stability. But at the moment
when the Federation was beginning to purr contentedly in tfae lap of a bourgeofa civilization, tiie
old ambition of European labor was stirring to new
activity. In America reroiistruction wss to take tfae
form of whitewashing a solid edifice little injured
fay tite war. fa Europe the capitalistic structure bad
been shaken to its foundations.. Stability would
give the A. F. %of L. a sure porition among the vested
interests; turmoil would offer European labor an
opportunity for conquest and nntrol—indefinitely
postponed if governmental reconstruction program*
were allowed to move deliberately to their common
goal. r^r
With much to fan, the A. F. of L, had become
conservative fa the full scan of tfae word; it waa
inevitable that its interests should dash with thon
of European radicals who, having gained less, hoped
everything. Thus there has developed in the two
movement* a fundamental difference fax political
policy which ha* thrown thc forces of American
and European labor into opposite camps. In Europe
the nntrol of government fa eonddcred necessary
to tfae full realfaation of the labor program. Bi
and England are not of one mind ** to now
nntrol fa to effected, but no disagreement as to
means'can bide the fact that then movements bold
tfarir ends fa common. Tfae end onn -tchieved* time
msy forget the difference between bullet and ballot; tt can never unite a labor movement content to
serve s bourgeofa government with a movement
that will be satisfied with nothing short of nver-
It fa a matter of some interest that labor leaders
in England, France, and Italy contemplates the use
of industrial means to effect political ends—the
stoppage of srmed intervention in ttiuaia. for instance. Of far great rignificance would be a decision
on the part of the A. F. of L. to use any means far
the achievement of fundamentally important ends
of any nrt.We have Mr. Gompers* word* for it
that the Federation fa not a noh-political organisation; since the announcement of its Campaign Program in 1906, the Federation has been iiirtnimental
fa securing the passage of a very considerable
amount of reformatory legislation. Mr. Gompers
might have added that the A. F of L. fa not a non-
industrial organization; craft unionism has won
much for labor in the way of high wagn and endurable working conditions. Federated shop organisation fa industry and party organisation fa
politics hold the posdbiHty of control; but the
A.' F. of L. fa unambitiouflly content to bargain nl-
lectively with the acknowledged masters of produetion and of government, thereby achieving In the
course of long negotiation an occasional reform.   .
n-jgjg^guA^a   O sii   Aaa^n   M ^aif*e*    uaw a a* m%*   m^mw**k wnwsmea^*^       woe   ansnau_
■suwafafaul fat New Turk Cfty, en June 2*, 1019,
fay thirty-one delegate* representing tfae foliowmg
Party of Michigan, Local Boefaester,
•ff.T, ^
Tie Pdtefa Fettratten, Local Provio>nn, B L,
r.       ' btJlL-m'* ^frttaettlnua   gVBeajts'Wttj'frtas'sfla'    T jfajfattl1  f**aa*issT '"■^iMllfl'fW"    Wl
The Jewfah Failsnlten (IaaVWta**) Local Bodr-
The Ltthuauian Feuarntion, Local Nantieohp, Pa,
TenA TjBsVtt^*BBB«W  sffaesiia*>rsngAls*sssfa'..' YsA^rf KatfasBBBBsskfl.  VTU_
* The Esthonian Federation. Union Local, N. J.,
Left Wing State Conference of Mtaaenta, Local
Milw.ukee, Wis,
Tfae Lettish Branches of Boston, Mas*. Locd
Cudahy, Wfa.
Iwaal Buffalo, N. TV Local New Vork.
Tfae above have otganfaed aa tiw Minority of the
Left WfagsConferenn.
*• ****Tf-**"f**l i*f Buffalo
L i^TOIOalTSKT, of Chicago,
•   KOPNAGEL. of Mil waukre,
hrirman of caucus
DENNIS B. BATT, of Detroit.
SiwitaiT rfeettsm,      ,.• ■ ,'^ _]r
OAKLET C JOHNSON, of Ann Arbor. fatten.
By Jerome K. Jerome, fa '•"♦Common Sense," July 5.
Nine-tenths of tfae Press of this nuntry te fa
the hands of e small group of rich men who wean
to rule the nation. It fa the press that has killed
eonstttuttond action. Tiw Press seeks to kill Free
Thought—to kill Free,Speech. And it fa succeeding. It hss monopolised to itself dl tiw sources of
faforamtiou. It stands between the thinkers and
the people. It will not dlow anybody but itself to
fae heard It poisons the mind of the people wttfa
fate, information. It suppiann facta that it don
not wish tiw people to knew. It dotes out to tfaem
only sueh "new." m it eoronders goad for tlwm.
It odor* the truth for tts own iinipiiaas, It dream*
up lie. fa pteurihiltty.   It fa the Pre*, and not Par-
■wsawsakaasakeV  oVnand  *s**Bsaa*^si   ■nwaasssstaasaaJB  ."ksXaasasSjsm)        BPttmwl^ks*bk^sa*bsfa  amXeu*aw
icialstns ite decrees, and tite Government te notfa
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fag but fan tame executive No politician wfa©
wishes to succeed onn flout tts coaxmarate. It make,
and unmake* Cabinet*. Tfae Public Servin fa it.
ptaythfag. The Pram itedf fa it* turn te rated fay
th* Capitalists It depends for its existence upon
the gnat advertiwn. fa ite torn it fa the mrtru-
ment of the great, finsncfal Interest, .and thdr
aristoeratie depeudsnta The Press fa the enemy of
tiw people. B fatt usurped the entire authority of
tfae country. Exempt from afl responsibility, wttfa
neither . body to fae kicked nor a soul to fae Planned it bra become the most dar ; Ikspottem
tiwt Democracy has ever been upon to fan.
Tfae Pram of today exwetae* tfae ssnw =ous
tyranny tost fa fae Middle Ages was exe?
the Church:   The tyranny over men's mind*\ It
ruin by tfae seme weapon*:   lira snd humbug.
The Pram fa every country'ha* got the people
down- And until its power fa broken tt will hold
tiw people down. It uses the bsllot-box as a ttn-
juror uses hfa magic rod The people may put fa
what they think. What comes out of tt is what the
Prem choona, The politicians are ite bumble eour-
tfars. Behind its screen'of falsehood and ropprea-
dbn, the moneyed interests work thrir will. It fan
become the fortress of reaction, and then fa no
power within the Constitution that can hope to
make s breach fa its defences. Tfae power of the
plstform can only be exercised with its pennfarion.
It hu bought up tiw pen and penults of no new
enterprise. Here and there a people's paper continues .precarious existence, fmekfag capital,
lacking advertising support, Its faiflucntt fa eon-
fined to narrow limits. It fa the .bun of its power
by the Pren that fa driving the thought and energy
of tiw country to the conviction tfaat if tiw people
sre ever reslly, to rule, methods will hsve to he
found tfaat are not likely to obtain the approvd of
toe Prem.    -:"J    &M&-
William Hard fa the
deal* with the "new**'
80, "New Bepublic,"
whteh waa nut on the
rounds of the press some time ago, stating that
twenty million* of Siberian Co-operators derired
tiw support of tiw ABte. far WridiieJk Thfa ■
item wn sent out from the
.9***^*****^    ** WWWW Ww********   ^p^^pv    mfWWW1****    ^^^ia^ .J
beany fax New "fork.   Hard effectually shows   tfae
BUppeatd appeal as having no foundation fa fact
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.      '    •
W^w :&$*
X     .    . a     .
Mystery of Vetiwn, "Chief at British ateorat fler-
vtoo fa Anwcten,"
(Ft^>m the w»«ni«h   faiBiH   Paper
m>%  nsrvwa musttauen*
fay 0. W. Oksanen.
iHE Socfalfat who don not know
fa a poor Socialist He atom the
clans, which te fighting agafa^ft f^k force* of Capi-
taltwa, a wrong understanding of the enemy; at
the mttue time persuading it to fan methods of attack which lead only to disappointment end do-
. fait  net to vtetory.   He thus prove* fain to the
worker*, aad betray* them to the enemy; during   **"***** faesnng coupon*.  .Its
a o>ridve Uttle fae will probably join the enemy's   .mW^M-'^^^mW^&¥^
tank* and' tarn fate weapon* against the workers.
To know Capitalfam means to have knowledge of
tt. various phases. It is not an' unchanging condition that can be sufficiently understood by an oc-
farionsl random reading of the Erfurt Program, or
by an acquaintance with a few maxims of the hour-
underbid them, and far thfa   ktouness
divided the markets of the world.
The steel trust not only produce* steel, and all
that is manufactured from steel, from a needle to a
battleship, but everything else
right it has constructed factories,
millions, and next to these it has built dtiea, with
dwellings, stores, churches, newspapers, saloon*
and brothels. All these it direct* and una u a
means of exploitation Above all things it produces paper, profitable stock, and other obligations
netors are
At the outset of the war one of the systems of banks in tha
United States was under the control:,of Morgan
Jr., who fa indirectly connected with the steel trust,
while the other banking system
tiwy have A***** *** .''Dally Herald," July 11.)
trol of the oil trust.   These two
nected, except fai large faint
BERLIN, July e.--Phi*faa Prin, tiw Drily
Herald correspondent, fan keen unconditionally released
The whole affair fan been . mistake, and thfa the
military authorities have tnaagnind. As T have
already noted, tiw German Feirign Office and
Civil Government have protested from the first
As far aa the German Government and the Pruer
dan military authorities we concerned, Price fa absolved and free to continue fafa touraritetic activities.
Tfae Bobert Minor cam, the Philip. Price case,
the Karl Embnt case, **faave all provided evidence
that the British Secret Servin fa Unking up ita
own activitin with tfae repressive work of the reae-
a! _■:_'_:',■■■ ♦_.!.. .   r-    '   a. .« ■ ■ ■"   - m. "**■
wen eon-   tio™*T juntas dl over tfae world
rule   of some eountrfas.   Capitalism   fa   aa   •»^«rnment fiiianre «.mmit tee, ,wWch> as the center of capitalistic business and which looked after
it* interests when the national loans were up   far
-nwu^eration,      . .,,*X£[i^^W*^*mm
Banks bold tiw reins oi produetion of the entire
evolutionary process, its development before the
world war was rapid, and during tiw war increased
wttji furious speed. '."; •
We in Finland, had the opportunity to observe
some of the phenomena: the centralization of in-,
dustry, the dock speculstor, petty grafting, ' fae
rapidity with which   the   peasants   became sym-
Tfao "NewYork Cril" of June ft supplies
other link in the chain of evidenn.
The "Lusk-Steveoson Commtttoe'' hss offiridly
been -"investigating seditious sctivitics" in the
United States.
''What forces are at work behind Mr. Stevenson
business world.*   we nave examples of tfate fa Fin* -.I> "? *****}*-*} do know one thing thst wfll
tmr.A     ^mmm   Mlmm   N.l^'a!   U..,.,   ,„   ~.*mm -  aaaa       ...I ^nlsll  CVCry   AmeriCaU  dtfateU.
land, where the Nationd Bank is gathering up   all
the threads of business.   Trlusinsso   fatriMH*1"*^?1^
pathiiers ifritfar the bourgeoide. snd the greater :^** vnebte) to get credit, and *o aw swallowed uu.
rapidity with which the conditions of the workers Through its agents the tourist nobility, tt bought
deteriorated. '       . ' "• Swedish real estate.   Its branch   offices in small
Associated wtth Stevenson fa a man iiantetf Nathan. I was told fay one of the lridfag group that
Nathan te Chief of the British Secret Servin fax
• When the Russian revolution become a fact we
s»w tfae proverbial treachery of the most liberal
bourgeofaie in action. The ravenous wolf emerged
from its liberal lambskin. Eventually we were
fan to fan with Imperialism iteelf. with its usurpation and looting, fa the form of German militarism. That, waa a revelation! Nothing remained
Thon ''socfal democrats" who are trying to heal
the wounds of the working claw with "democracy"
do not understand that what has been tried in Finland during the past year is the culmination of
Capitalism, and that the workers- must struggle
directly against it for Soefalfam. In order to fully
understand the necessity of a revolution we must
understand the theory of Imperialism. ,
Whst is the bade   economic   principle   of Imperialism?
, Briefly, it fa the centralization of tfae means of
production. We kne> this to be the direction of
the development of Cpitdfam, but we were unable
to estimate its achievement or observe tiw rapidity
wttfa whieh it waa reaching thfa end. At home we
were familiar with fadurtrial union circles. The
match swindler and hi* accomplice* were known by
tfate term. We applied the terms monopoly and
trust to sugar and paper product, which corid be
obtained only through one agent,' because time
product* were subject to the protection of duty
and customs. Then existed mining corporations
and logging companies who owned farif of several
provinces.   -" . '"!"' -.<*'.•'.' r''"" .-
But we learned tiwt toother countries there wen
organization* more powerful than ear's: the German syndicate mid tiw American truss. We knew
tiwt tite oil trust had a complete monopoly, that
the capital of tfae steel trust is reckoned in billions,
and that ite yearly profits amount to hundreds of
mj*ftfaoa. ■. The same fa true ef all uriustrin. These
frosts sre not separate bmunem concern*, but are
united, n for example, the atari trust; it "srite"
tts products to itself, for it fa made up of many
ewnpaiiiea having a capital of hundreds of millions^
each, which aw trusts in thenwrivn. One of its
branches, the agricultural trust, extends its
tentacles far outside the boundary of the United
States. They 'are wound around the farmer fa
Canada. Mexico and even in Finland. It not only
controls the prices in America, but it has made
agreement* with the steel longs of Europe nofto
citfa. and villages were device* for getting the
money of the people for undertaking* which turned
out unsuccessful, i. e. went bankrupt, and then
were turned over to tiie bankers at ridieuloudy
low prices. The Natkmri Bank was the leader of
the opporition to the nutting of the private banks,
but these jgriv.te banks were allowed to Join fa
draining the money from the people for the purpose of "obtaining funds" for the community, or
the state. The establishment of an Emission Company meant that' the accumulating surplus money
in the banks might be' Used in forming industrial
enterprises and new companies, which Would then,
remain in the control, and under the direotorahip
of the banks. The stocks of thine banks were dr-
culating on the market as bait for the savings of
the credulous people* at tbe exdnfagn tiwy wen
sold at a high price and bought back at a* Very low
figure. Wrtenbg stock became > a favorite habit;
capital was created upon paper without an equivalent investment in the plant or fa goods. A company with a million dollars fa property could very
weU pay dividends on five million dollars capital
The small bourgeoide and the peasants were dragging the same net with the banking capital, the
former got its plunder by bring a faithful agent of
large capital, and the latter had the good fortune
to buy and to toll at prices which wan controlled
by tin large capitalists.
As an iflustratlon of the power of the banks let
It be mentioned that the di*ectors of bank* fa every
country are the director* oftenoand posdbly hundreds of corporations; afc^^nme time tfadr ser-
vants, bookkeepers, are "on, the lookout for tfae
smaller uintertskinga. The /rapnmacy of the
bankers is not limited to the boundary of the state,
nor even greater boundaries. This fa international.
""afarrign" capital flows wherever dividends are
to be had, tt the American doDar wss faveeted fa
every nrncr of the '"Old World" So had the
Cttr end the.,Kafaer favested tens of millions for
the rainy day in American railroads and real estate.   Germ
undermined^English capital by holding the largeat
amount of stock in John Bull's corporations and
at the same time compelling tiie proud 4togM*faman
to buy the cheaper German goods.
lopfag fadustry and the greater exploitation, produce.so much surplus Capital that its investment
fa one of the most rerious problem* of Capitalfam,
lTien "savings" mean something when we team
that fa 1910 the approximate investment, in the-
world amounted to 160 bfllion dollars. The
of the capitalists of England wss 28 billion dolls
of the United States, 20 billion dollars; of France,
22 billion dollars; of Germany, 19 billion dollsre.
The annual interest, which amounts to billions, fa
invested in the nme way as the principal.
What fa the good of capital T It fa autocracy,
monopoly. The beginning of capital was competition, but; its later development destroys competition. As a haberdasher thanks God for tiie failure
ef hfa competitor, so Rockefeller rubbed hfa hand*
and smiled when he heard that his last competitor
had committed suicide. He sent fafa millions of
profit to seek other profit in Central and South
America, in Europe, Africa and Ads. Tfaat China
wis conquered by "enlightenment," of a kerosene
lamp te a well known story. But in thon countries
American capital meets English, French snd German capital. There exists keen competition in the
sale of their "goods*'—-credits, money, investment
and public loans—in which each trim to crowd we
other to the side. But ss fa our economic *chemc"*f
competition, the reductiofa of prin apd interest
Would be detrimental to tite capitalists of the
various countries, tiwy must seek other means to
accomplishtfarir purposes. Bo long titen is any
pert of the earth's surface unapportioncd, it fa poa-
dble for them to separate sections where each can
exert tts own influenn, or consider it * colony
when it te possible to hare a monopoly on the exploitation. Thte, however, don not seem to ratfafy
for they sre crowded upon tfae same ansa, snd
finally they must resort to thrir polHical remedies.
What fre tfae politics of financial aapttrif
It is fast thst phenomenon Which fa known by tfae
term Imperidfam. Thfa term come* from the Latin
word imperium which means empire (imperator,
"commander," kaiser.) an aspirant to world power.
England fa tiw leader in thfa field, she hn ''fade-
pendant colonies" (Canada, Australia, South.
Africa,) regrier colonies (Indis. snd vsrious parts
of Africa.) proprietory cdontes (Egypt,) and vas-
Bxportation of goods which was tfae chief aim of «sat states    (Portugal, Norway.)    Everywhere—far
the nation, fa now substituted fay. sending capital    China* Persia, etc.   Engtand te struggling to exert
fata foreign countries to net olvioVnds   The devc-   her influence. :.?* C^rom "The Christian Setenn Moritpr.
PERTH, West Australia.-A   feud   Which   has
been waged between tfae Fremantle Lumpers Union
and tiw National Wsterside Workers Union, *
culminated fa ae™us dots at Fremantle. the
port of the state.   An affray between the
and a fane of armed police resulted in 33
Inddently, the
of a national
Batch, former
of office and tfae
* '':■-
amder Mr. J Mitchell, former
fay Mr. EP.Oa>
, after only 29 days
of a new government
Minister of Lands
V    tfate and in various parte   of  tfae   world,
acted the part of money.   The particular object to
and Greek coin* which hsve come down to us from
antiquity, arc as bright and perfect, apart from tfae
effect* of wtt. and tear, a* when tiwy left! the
hands ef the maker.
and Agriculture.
Tfae riota were a
sequel to
thte function would depend. Very largely,
on local cireumstance* and, perhaps, would be very
much u mstter of seddent. Such diverse and, to
tite modern mind such unlikely srticles ss grain,
cattle, hides, dried ffab,' ant, tea, tobacco and practically all the metals in common use have func-
tfae waterside strike    tioned a* money.   As commerce developed,   how-
There are othee, properties possessed by gold
which «re worthy of note in thfa connection. It fa
oogninfate, thrt fa, it can, by ita weight and nlor,
be readily recognized for what tt te: it fa nwJkmhto
and it fa readily, though not too easfly, faribla.	
Now, it fa dear tfaat it fa the awmsunation of ril
tiwn qualities fa one metal tfaat makes that
of Oetofanym?, wfaen^^ te   ***** the money form inevitably attached itself to DWnriat*
that particular commodity which, fay ite phyrical   l^^tiH^^^^r *****^-*****^;
sympathy with strikers fa the eastern states. Volunteers wen called for fay tmfa.^mhnmmite man the
wharves, and •ante of those who responded formed
the N.tional Waterride Worken Union, which.
adtor tfae strike, wn registered ss sn fadustrid
union and given preference of employment, subject to the provfao tfaat faturiwd nMJers  should
waa best fitted to perform  tfae  func- *? ******> ********* IHnans many of tfae qusU-
of a unfaenal equfariant.   Tfate specid com- \^^ V>Xm**^   ****  *"•   kw?w;   "*
modity is gold.  Sflvn/wMefaf^tonghcU
beddc gold in this^Vespcct, fanWbnu driven A*?.** f^^rM*^ **»* ***-■
out of the field exeept in . few b*ckward parte of » ******* '**
the world   Silver fa, of course, used in very large
h*ve first preference, whether members of the Fre-   quantities as currency in the form of tokens, which,
mantle Lumpen Union or not.   The   existence of
tfae two unions under thfa system led to much btt-
M*ny lumpers wan unable to secure work for
wnks at a time, wttfa tiw result tfaat tfarir wives
*** **"?*!** mvtt*n*' i      *•* nmmodity ft, of course, powemw naa-vnltia
however, are not money by tfae terms of our definition. To set forth, then, fae properties
qualities essential to the mbney-commodity it
be sufficient to enumerate those possessed by the
metal gold. .
(Continued from Page Four.)
batcr," he murmured '
"Well, I'm afraid tfaat you are out of luck. The
only publicatiotts of Marx Uterature that I know
of are from the Kerr presses, and aU of the Kerr
publications have been barred entry to Canada,"
he was advised. 'f':': '■ ■*■
"I don't can how much they are barred I've
riinply got to faavc one. I'd sooner take a cfaann
Of getting fa bad with the police than of engaging
fa another Sunday morning debate with thon
brave* on tiw raft without bring able to quote pas-
from Marx." he declared, moving on in his
of the book.
•     e    e    e
Send for Thte Muntire Utoratun
The Communist  Msnifesto,   at tfae rate of $8 per
100.  Single copies 10 rents.
*!.mm—-- , *■■
Manifesto of tiw Socfalfat Party of Canada . . $6
per 100.   Singje npin 10 cents.
filave of the Farm
10 cents.
06 per 100.   Single nnsae
$6 per 100.   Single
Wage Worker and Farmer
copies 10 cents.
The Prerent Economic System, by Professor W. A,
Bonger . . t« per 100.   Single eoptes 10 note.
Soefalfam, Utopian and Scientific . . Single eoptea
15 cente.   Wfadasslc prin later.
Wage Labor and Capital . . $8 per 100. Single
eopie* 10 cent*.
Capitalfat Produetion, bring the first nine chapters
of Vd. I. Marx's Cspital .". Single npin, paper
oover, 50 eentej  elotir bound, OLOO.        ?
Kolekak, Autocrat end Tyrant. The actual story
of Kolchak and hte methods told by an American
offidd recentiy returned from Siberia. Wttfa
tfate te induded Anti-Bolshevika and Mr. Spargo,
fay William Bard Taken, wttfa apologia* from
tfae July 9 "New BepubUc" . . $6 per 100. 10
cento, per single eopy.
Make afl Money Orders payable to C. Stepfaenaen,
401 Pender Stmt Best, Vsneauvn, B a
and value. In addition, however, to its ordinary
use-value ss material far jewelry* watch cane and
dental work,, it acquires, as tfae money-commodity,
"a formal use-value, originating in its specific socfal function," (Marx.) As the measure of vdues
it must, of course, 'possess value No confudon on}
tfafa point need be caused by the fact that all our
business fa now done by slips of paper, inasmuch ss
then dips of paper arc quite obviously not money,
bring merely written or printed promfan "to pay
It fa, of nunc, imposdble that any commodity
should be invariable in value. Nevertheless, it ia
dedrable tfaat the money-commodity should be, to"
far ss posrible, stable fa value. This quality, to a
greater extent, pocribly. thsn .ny other, gold possesses. This fa due to the fact toft ite cost of production fa a fairly constant quantity owing to its
scsreity, ite state of diffusion snd the nature of the
extractive processes. Then latter, cas course, are
subject to improvement with a corlnponding effect on prices, not, however, to the extent possible
with other rommoditin wfateh esn be facrened at
will. There fa also the further consideration that,
while grid may be used it fa not used up, i.e., consumed. The total quantity of gold produced fa
still in use with the exception of tfaat which has
been irrecoverably lost by shipwreck or fa the arts,
ss in gilding or photography. For thfa reason, the
annual production bean but a small proportion to
the .nateitei of money but is so refractory to neat,
that its use u money bad to fae riven up on account
of the great cost of melting it.
precious metals wen first need in bulk form
every transaction bad to be weighed and
tested. This must faun oecarioned considerable fa-
convenience, nevertheless, tiw great and powerful
nations of Egypt, Chddea and Assyria, for thousands of years carried on an extensive trade, using
the precious metafa^Cparticularly gold ae direr
appears to have been scaree .in undent times) in
thrir negotiations, wfafle absolutely ignorant of the
use of coined money. Thfa wss s comparatively
recent invention and dates from about 700 B.C., being ascribed to tfae Lydians. a people of Aria Minor.
Tfafa wu a gold producing country and being on
the trade route betwren the East and tiw West, ss
well tt bordering on the great inland aaa* its people, no doubt, de*vM>d*d more on,trade than on
agricultural' and pastoral pursuits for a living, and
thus developed tfae mechanism of trade
Th'- ■**%#* *• which specimens are still extant,
waa made of a mixture of gold and silver, known
to the Greeks ss electrum snd wss fa the form of
rough fagots of a uniform weight and stamped
wttfa a seal msrk. Later, tiw coins were made of
the familiar,dtee shape and later still they were
milled or stamped on the edges to prevent "dipping" of the coins.
"Coin* sre ingots of which the weight' and fineness sre guaranteed by the government and nrti-
fied'by the integrity of derigns impressed on the
surfaces of tiw meter," (Jevons.) The work of
coinage fa the prerogative of tfae State, which te
the most competent, authority and the one most
likely to be generally recognised
It must not be supposed, however, that the State
can make money.   It can not, for the simple reaaon
tiw amount actually fa eristann, fan svoidtae*he   ^'l!**^,!^^'* ^
disturbances due to tiw influx of large quantities   ■* *****»*; ita tfcin twsnp^ fa,   to regulate   the
mm*    •K^SBSBB'     ^SWBjLsST m% '        *
ox new goto- •
Odd haa afao "higk specific value," that fa,  it
haa high .value fa small volume.   This givn con-
property of portability fa more • important tiwn
would at first-right appear. Tto expeare* of transportation of gold in such a smdl percentage of ita
value as to give it practical anlfttwlty of value all
over the world
coinage; to fix tfae weight i
and to actually turn them out wttfa ite guarantee.
Grid, bring tite money-commodity, can not, of
course, have .price Therefore, it fa * mistake to
suppose that the government purchase* the gold
which it coins. Tbe gold coined .t the mint is tt
eofawd "on private eeeount," that fa, then te arid
to be "free coinage." Tfafa don not neccaaarfly
mean that tiw coinage is free of efaarg. but, ss a
mstter ef fact, the coinage of gold te both free and
Gold is "lmsttgeneoui;'* that te to
every part of it, providing tt be of the
is exactly tiw same as'every otfaef part.
Gold te divisible at wfll and dow not, fa the process, Ion any psrt of its vdue. It is equally capable of being re-united Gold bullion may be rofaed
into money or coins may be melted Up toto bullion
at a minimum of cost.
Gold fa practieafly ladwliaetihll.  It fa not sub-   money," wHwBed
fact to efasaalnjnr . Aarisa. gall nnswents   ' <  ^. - -
Than points sre important: (1) that the State
esn not snd docs not fix tha value of, money; (2)
it merely nine, tfaat te, divides into fagots of a definite weight and ffaenen any gold which may be
brought to tt by private persons, and supplies Bn
Next wnk we take up   "token''  and  "paper
a*fe.. . THEREPF1AG
I   laa       I II. aaiaaM» fi      lit I        1.1   .    I. aa——.Mt—
* f'"
',,■■ .   '  **.
ews and Views
Working Clam.
TO add to the tedium of life, as depicted in the
new.p.pers, eomn the reports of the proceeding* of ft Dominion Convention of Liberals (!)
who are trying to resudtate the Liberal Party. Up
to date, the convention displays alt the
now of a mud-puddle, snd a mental grasp
social needs snd aspirations such ss might be
pected of a denfaon of the tome
Amid laughter, John Oliver declared he
like to smash* the monopolies. The Vsncouver
"Sun," report says*thst several remarks sbout the
government "were severely criticd." Oh, Percivall
Some grave and reverend seignour no doubt with
due pompority, said that the question of the proper
relation of Capital and Lsbor was of "grave im-
portann and ahould receive the best condderation
of the convention." Bet cher the rest of the convention would never hen thought of that by them-
sdves. There fa always one tne tfaat towers tfae
rest. The H. C. of L. got hfa 'n as usual fa a 'ell
of a verbal drubbing. Resolutions drastically worded contained proviso's in the nature of this: "That,
insofar as may be practicable, having regard to
Canada's financial porition, etc,- etc Not « word
ef nurn that the, same people who would decide
on financial practicability, sn the seme people engaged in forcing the standard of living down of
the mssses. . .
To «faow that the Liberals an "kreping up" wttfa
the times, two ladtea wan present m delegates, who
sponsored rewlutions, whieh migfat faave been en-
dorsed any time during tfate test two thousand
years, fa any gathering of perrons from tfae "respectable dass."
Tfae matter-of-fact proletariat applying tts. own
matters-fact logic, learnt at tiw nwchine, to then
Liberal (f^rnolutions and programs will "eon.
sign to contempt and disbelief, the boat of make-
Progress oj the Trials
BECAUSE it fa conducted "fa camera," wc
nan little to report on tiw enquiry into tfae
ease of tiw fourteen Buadsns now fa the Immigra-
tion detention shed fa Vancourer. Bird Mac-
donald k Earie, are engaged in Ihe defenee, and
have been successful fa having the enquiry eon-
ducted wttfa eome semblance of legal procedure.
Tfae men ere now to have charge, laid against them,
and are to fae tried on that baafa, whereas tha original intention of the Committee of Enquiry was to
act upon information laid agafaat tiw men, and
upon the result* of cross examination Thfa shows
faow jealously persons vested witit authority must
fae watched end suck safeguard* as tbe legal system may provide be invoked against them fa defenn of our felfaw-workara. ''..•   * '
The^nterned men an suspect, on information
faid by informers and the secret ttrvtoe of the
Btate. Tfate in itself should, be a sufficient reason
for fae favoring of every legal safeguard By tfarir
very occupations, tfae men of th* secret service are
biased fa favor of those who employ them. And fa
addition to tfate, tiwy belong to a particular pay-
chologicd type, fa other words, tfate human ma-
terid, volunteering or selected   for secret servin
work, fa of a peculiar spiritual fitness for thfa predatory employment. Normal, healthy, Social types
of beings, have always, in all ages and in all countries, looked upon such people with aversion 'end
even horror. Because secret service men are
rule, an abnormal type, their evidenn, which
often consists of mere expression of personri
opinions snd animus,' should be put to tiw nverest
test of even hostile criticd examination. In abort,
considering all the features of their case, the interned men may be regarded as in the dutches of
a malevolent power from which it fa our duty to
save them.
The trial drags on it* weary length. The 'plastic''
ers are now charged wttfa belonging   to   » secret
organisation.    Thfa alleged   organisation   fa sup-
ressed Russian Worken' Union.
eh wss found in the possesdon
of some of the prisoners, hss been submitted
against them snd they an charged wttfa recretly
circulating it. Among this literature are the leaflets- "The Shame of Being a Scab," and the "Death
Train of Siberia." The first leaflet, we believe,
was published fay the Vancouver Trades and Labor
Council, and the latter by the Logger's Union. Both
■* of them have been distributed openly in the streets
Fisfi and Argue New Rule
for Loggers on Sunday
(Frpmetiw "Vancouver Daily Province")
In pre-prohibtth>n day. the bom of . logging outfit had to be a two-fisted fighter able to punch tfae
faced of the biggest bully in fate Matt, But times
"have changed—ye* indeed, and at least one camp
bom te vainly trying te adjust htemdf to tfae new
of Vancouver,   The "Death Train of Siberia'
taken from the American Bed Cross Magazine, and
was written by an American Bed C*ross worker.
In the interior of British Columbia, Borneo Albo,
of Italian nationality, long resident, and well and
very favorably known amongst all worken in the
interior, well-educated, speaking aeven languages,
has ebeen sentenced to deportation by the local tri- ■
bund. Bfa lawyer has been instructed by tite committee in charge of the.B. C. Defence Fund to proceed to Ottawa to fay tbe case for appeal before
the Minister of Justice, who fa the only Court of
Appeal, and who fa also, by the way, also the prosecutor. The lawyer" fa instructed to break bfa journey at Winnipeg and confer with the lawyers fa
charge of the defence of similar esstt in that city.
On request from Albo'. defence, » sum of $600 h-ui
been forwarded by Victor Midgely, treasurer of the
B. C. Defenn Fund, on instructions of the defence
committee. This fa a large sum of money but, in
view of the important bearing of tfafa can on others
yet to be tried, and in the interests of Albo himself, the committee felt they could not do otherwise. We understand that the grounds of tiw com-
plaint against Albo was a letter from fafan, which
was published in the B. C. Federatiomst. No action
waa taken .gainst the Fedcrationfat for publfahing
it. / i
Utter, from the,Comradw in wfanipcg, report
, them as all fa good heart, and as dedring their
thanks to be conveyed to dl who an tt generoudy
rallying to their defenn. As to the program of tiw
trial, the letters add little v to tfae report, .of tfae
press. They, however, warn us that tha latter
agency, fa* as usual, on its job of giving onerided
accounts of tfae trial. Hen statements and opinions
of crown wrtom.es being featured without a showing of how they cam* out under the erccs-examina-
tion of the defenn.
Comrade* and friends, show your senn of work-
ing-daw solidarity by raising moneys for then
member* of your dan now in trouble.
Tske up collections at your union meetings, pte-%
ntee and at tiw woitshop.
Sand all money snd make all cheque* pay.ble to
V. B. Midgley- "Oefenn Fund, P. 0. Box bit, Van-
never,B.C. !
Collection agency for Alberta:   A. Broateh, 1203
Eighth avenue east, Calgary, Alto-
Central Collection Agency: J. Lew. Secretary,
Defence Fund, Boom 12, Lsbor Temple, Winnipeg.
Contributions wfll be acknowledged through
Lsbor snd Soridtet Press.
He exntefaed hfa troubles at th* Leber Tisnels
*******    .^^mj^mmmmmmmmm^rm^      mmmmmm,      ^wwas^     **aVW      SSpsstt      SBSBSBlWWn MW^***M^^**m*
the other day.
"I'm looking far a eopy of Karl Marx's 'Capi-
*s»b^      s*%/   wfm^j^w^MmM^*^^^   e^sv   am   **s*BBB^ssra    a^pajsUs^aaa    ^Wawaw   a*^w^^v^nassa4s^s^*isTs
him as a former member of thc Ti|faaa.sii am*] re-
prnantative of luge fJiwimfail lutereste.
"Ton want to rend worst" exdrimed the lebor
"Tee,*' answered tfae camp fae**. "You ana tt ia
tfate way:
"When I took hold of the camp, I moved the
"Dunkhoun front tidewater to rafte an tin lake
where we are working. We move these raft* up
and down tfae fake aa desired and on Sunday the
boys rit on the log. and e«teh fish. As many as
thirty Wfll be fishing st once—By jove, I've rimply
got to get th«t book!" he exdrimed fateiiuptfag
"Tea, but what faave thirty loggers ffahing en e
Sunday got to do wttfa Karl Mint" queried the
labor man. "You don't mean to tell me that tiw
boys are eating ffafa that hu not been canned?" he
"They do," replied thc worried employer, "and
the trouble is I can't figure out whether it fa fresh
ffafa <» prohibit;, n tiwt'e respondble for tfae change
in them."
"And what is the changet"
"Wdl, you sn, instead of carrying on es they
used to do, punching one another when then wu a
reasonable chance for a row, they've got to caBfag
each other 'Brother,' and there hasn't beem fight
fa the camp for a month/'
"Wdl, what do they do inatoed!" aeked tfae
"They spend their spare time reading economies,
and by link! They're getting tfae best of me fat
the arguments. This fan got to stop. I simply can't
hold up my end any longer agafaat thorn thirty
argumentative fishermen on a Bunday morning; un-
len I can get . hold of thfa book «nd port myself.
. . . And I used to flunk mysdf eome da-
uonunuea on rage Ftve.)
NewsagenU in Vancouver for tiw. Bad' Fteg.--W.
Love. Htttfaa. street, next-to Royal Theatre. - Co-
lumbia News Agency, comer Hasting* and Columbia.   John Green, Csrrall stent, near Water street.
Bow did our statesmen standi A
Wn raked fa the Senate fa reference to tin
Government and the Winnipeg strike. Tfae tt-
prenntotive of tfae udminirtretion fa that
august body gave aa answer whieh bids fair
to vie m fame with that of Mr. Patten, I have
not got hfa actual words before me, but fae
arid fa effect tfaat tiw govcrnteont mroqelta
prepared fa handle the attuatten. He than pn-
"""""""""""""""lB""""""""ia»   """""m   **b^Un**H*mejV   nsmnw   aaWa*w*filWar  Vl   aBBCkmaasaV*
gun. and soldier* tiwt wen on hand in Winnipeg! Don tfae honorable awntteman nafly believe tfaat the way to attain ami maintain ao*
rial pean te to sapprem every expnesten ef
tiseontentf If ae, fca*faoufai retire and seek a
jab fax—<?hto* (whteh is, amyamntiy, tfae near-
est approach to an salnarsth state now ta
exiatonec) and fae would probably be un fat-
- vriuabte atari to the gaisiseasn. af tint conn
try. Than wen a tiwwmnd steps wfatefa .eould
ban been taken to settle tfae strike, but tfae-
government did not try to rattle tt. It set out
to break it. It tried lxuekine-gun*, not *tatee-
nianabip; perhaps because it aad a greater
supply of the farmer matwfaL (J. T. *gt, fa
Turner'* Wnkiy.) y
* ■
' Talk With thc
If you pay attention fe the varietal
which spring from tfae ifaenwafan of eeonomk and
nriitieri ojuestfanw yew wfll notice notonly how fee-
quently the word market* te used but wfaet a tre-
mcnateue fafluenn it has upon Metal Ma.- Tfae recent war for example, with tbe awful waste end
slaughter,-fa now generally sgreed to hsve had tta
origin in the struggle far market, between rival,
groups of eanitoltete. Tha Peon palaver wtt
hung up because our international masters were
not agreed upon their various sphere* of influence,
which simply mean, the monopoly by particular
capitalist group* of certain markets.
Tfae idea.of a market with its^ratisaetton* of buy-
fag and relling ha* become so familiar ftiat it may
fae difficult for you to amagine .time when buying
and selling did not exist. Vet a slight acquaint,
ann with good books on history and economics
would teach you tfaat the present system and manner of trading fa quite recent. Of course when wc
say recent you must faear in mind that the fatetory
of society goes bsck et least a hundred thousand
years. In such s period to talk of three o»* four
hundred years te like speaking about yesterday. So
we may ny our present capitalist system, wttfa tts
produetion of commodities for markets instead of
immediate use, and its consequent buying and selling, fa quite young. That is, of course, compared
to the duration of society as a whole.
The capitalfat apologetic writers of university
text-books on economics very conveniently forget
all thfa And fast ss they try to make you believe
that tiw stone picked up by the monkey, or tiw dub
used by the savage, are primitive forms of capital,
would have you believe that the rude farms
by such back writers as has been men-
I, to prove how the present system of capitalism fan its roots in ''nature." That fa to say, has
always existed and alwaysi will exfat. Such ideas
being intended to discourage any attempts of
Socialists to change it
**•***■# amsasttUt aaaewa *^sww*smB*^ £P*os^^cw la* <c*^*a**eiew^aBi*^B*k> naa*s**S"mg 3 • abnawaea
dun economics sre cteedy baked wttfa tiw Indus-
^^ ^^^~. **wmtMw *na» sm s"res**s,jB^*sw»j  esss^w ussmamss^B^"* ■ M*^n smnn %*****>■>   e*w *ems>n
monetary system likewfae sffords tt interesting
siddigfat oneoetel evofatioa
A. we have wan fa previous talks, afl ptsgMlf
fa primitive society te held fa eemawn, each eem-
muntty and tribe bring sett-supporting. But then
an certain tiling* foreign to same plena and native to others. Thfa difficulty fe get aver fay. the
process of barter, whieh take* place st the boundaries of the territory occupied fay the respective
tribe*. Tfafa need for alien object* of utility gradually becomes ertshlished, .nd by constant repetition eventually become* . recognized socfal practice, later on the custom of producing for immediate wants and exchanging tfae surplus, .Iter.
to the practice of producing for exchange rather
than the direct sstfafaction of human needs. Out
of thfa habit comes tiw gnat fairs, "markets," eta,
•with their booths, games, and socfal anwnttittlr
many of which perdst even to thfa day.
But the isolation of village life "fa broken down-
wtth improvements in roSds and meamf of transportation. Tfae rise of towns ami tfae discoveries of
foreign tends gives rise to a national and—eventually—imperialistic, outlook, in contrast to tfae
parochialism of the. rural economy which dominated fa the earlier days. The. local fairs and markets deeay before the rise of the greet, world emporiums; until, today, the whole industrial and
commercial system* is largely dependent upon foreign msrkete.
The production of wheat, copper, iron, steel, tin,
for example, fa largely controlled by the messages
whieh are cabled from tiie Other end* of the earth.
Thus you bavc the eurious spectacle of tens of
thousands of the cotton   work
walking- about unemployed writing' essages
coming from abroad to say that there is a demand
for Cotton goods. When you realfae that tip also
applies to nearly every industry fa the country, yen
esn understand something of modern industry. It
fa thfa production for tfae world market instead ef
the direct satisfaction of eoeial need*, which ax>
plauna tfae insecurity tfaat ten marked a feature of
prerent-day society. It fa tfafa wntak bring, international rivalry, jedeuay, end faatrod fa ite train,
•nd periodically break* fata war.
; ■ Tne Fetish of asswoiteBwa.
Thne things may appear to you to be onavrid
•bte but tint fa only beoeoae you teak tt tiling,
from en employer', standpoint. When yon nme
to reslfae, however thc manner fa which your wfarie
life te domfaatad fay the fluctuations of tfaen'msr-
keta, and how tiling* could be more ttndbly arranged, you will sn how insane and atupid it fe to
worship thfa fetish of imperialism, which fa manufactured end raeouraged fee private greed You
wilh come to recognixe that ril tfafa "mttketing,'*
trading, and huckstering, as carried on today, te
only necessary m long u we rilow private fa-
diridusfa or groups to control the force* of werith.
aaa trta sets mmrVaMm |
4 You will come to recognixe, fa a word that far
you m . worker "eonunerefal supremacy" haa
nothing to offer. This must be so, sface, n tfae
world markets expand international competition
becomes more end more intensified Undercutting
dn the market leads to the pssdon for cheapening ?
produetion. The cost, of produetion can only be
cheapened by the worker agreeing to accept a
smaller share of hfa own produce, or increasing the
amount handed over to tfae employers.
In any earn you stand to lose, snd sfan tfafa proof' cheapening fa going on fa every country,
can you wonder st the feverish anxiety of our com-
mcrrial sharks to watch the markets, and if pee-.
sible,' to manipulate them to thdr own advantage?
When, finally, the markets get glutted periodi-
rally, thanks to the growing disproportion of what
the workers produce and whst they receive fa
wages. Don not the anarchy and chaos of npi-
triism not stand revealed as a reproach on civilisation? t: i\
Barter and
Ton would do well, however, to have tt dearly
fixed fa your mind that there is a big difference
between what economists call "barter"' and our
modern methods of exchange. Barter, among
primitive pcoplw represents the direct exchange
of one article for another, say, beads for ffafa. Only
these thing* are exchanged after the personal need*
of the individual or group sn tttfaffad Tiw trsiw-
setion te always a direct exchange of one use-value
for another. In our day, however, exchange fa a
highlydeveloped process. Normally, cnnaiodittes
are not exchanged direct wttfa each other. Tfaay
have first got to be* converted into money, either
actually *or imaginary. Then, wttfa tiw money, tfae
derired commodity fa purritend In other words,
the*products hsve got. to he sold for money first,
and tiwn. wtth tfae xsotwv procured bv tbe sale.
■ ■■■      ^wmm^mwww*       ww. m^-mm.      ■■■^j-     mmmmwmmmw'jr      ysv*"S*WU **■ *^**m '■  ' w*^****m^
other eomnwdttte. are bought   In all cans money
fa tiw fateimedfary.
Nor must you think, a* aome writers would have
yon believe, tfaat fa tfae schoolboy practice of
"swsppfag," say, a bit of string far a piece of pencil, you h.ve an Ilfaatrattenof an inborn tetri«xwy
to marketing*: and therefore, a justiastttiui. for
afl. tite. over-reeriring atri trickery tfaat gees on fa.
modern business. If you reflect on your own ex-
pertenre of "swsppfag" yon wfll find that tite fan- '■
pulse was invsrisfaly prompted by tfae fact tiwt you
had uo money to procure the coveted srtidn pos-
*A 4«
Origin af Oouinwdtty Bxobange
of hew the idea of barter gradually
anged its efasrseter. and finally t<
>ur modern method of exchange, te one of
In a letter to the Viceroy of India, Rabindranith
Tagorc the well-known poet philosopher, rays in
part as follows:
"The enormity of the measures taken by tiie
Government fa the Punjab for quanting some local
disturbance, bus, wttfa . rude shock, revested to
our mind, thc helplessness of- our porition tt
British subjects in Irdia. The disproportionate
severity of the punishments inflicted upon the un-
f ortunste people end the xaethod*cf carrying them
out, we an convinced an without parallel fa tim
history of dvilfaed Govei-iuaente, barring same
rnnspleUttn tteepttetw, recent and remote. Qon-
ddering that ancfa treatment has been meted out to
a population disarmed and itteurecten by a power
fan tfae most terribly efficient orttUiratten
destruction of human lives, we must strongly
assert that tt can claim no political expediency far
■less moral faatifteation.
"BEnowing that pur appeal* have been in vafaj
and tfaat the pasdon of vengeaace fa blfading the
noble risten of stateeauuwhip fa the Government,
whieh could so eaaDy sffoed to be magnanimous aa
befitting ite physical strength *nd moral tradition,
tiw very lent that I ran do for my country te to
take all consequences upon myself in giving voire
to the protest of the millions of my countrymen,
suprised into a dumb anguish of terror.
our shame glaring fa their nwbgi-UAUW context of
humiliation, and I. far my part, wtefa to stand
sfaora of «B ttttfal o'fef iiwtieiw - Bj of
thon of my eountiyman who, for ti»
significance, are liable to suffer a degrad
fit far fannwn bringa"
'    London Bank Clerks Orgamxe.
(Special to The Christian Science Monitor.)
li^NDON, Englcnd.—The movement which fa
totting plan among tiw employns of tfae /great
London banks to organfae on a large scale fa ■tend'
ily growing, una tfae number of clerks of all grades
who have enrolled in one or other of tite guilds now
reaches several thousands. At present there an
two guilds.
Are .torn "hue and Equal.
(From "Christiaa Science Monitor,'' Aug. 1.)
WASHINGTON, District cf CdumbfaV^Negron
would be prohibited from enlisting fa the srmy and
mm±.^.mmmmmm        ■    .   ■ ■■      ** _ *bWI ''   m\mmmAmmm\mmm\mmm .mmmm.mW      'Ufa^^      ffff*..   ^' ** *. WW ..T'SaSSSSl
navy under e aw mxreowaau oy tiworicua tx. usr-
- swsy, democrat, reprettntotive from Arkansas. The
measure ateo would provide for tfae dfawhange with-
fa $0 days of dl Negron now in the service and prohibit any from receiving appointment* to the navriV
and ntiHtary »c*demfa* Another bill by Mr. Caraway would prohibit interm.rri.gc of whiter and
Negroes fa tiw District of Odumbis i
Ten* of thousands of discharged commissioned
officers are looking for work in Great Britain
many of them in desperate circumstances. The
Loudon Drily Herald givn instance*, 'fat one caw an
ex-captiii»! was begging a crowd to. give fafan work.
An. ex-afinerVeatt-
tpe to  work ■ In
oa w.
m. and* rely
on em in
thorough discussion of the Bncc Problem of
the United States would   involve   a con- .
dderation of many factor* and   unlimited sp.ee.
However, it fa not possible to dfaeuateagfa
HP Social Problem from tfae workei*y|  n
v/ttfaout ^ historical details.
'•' M°at every worker fa § ware of the fact tfaat the
Negro hss recently—rincc 1861-1865 eawrged fnejj
Chattel Sl.very .nd also that the negro slave wsa
imported, into America from Africa by. Slave
Traders, principally British of the Elfaabethfan
Era snd later.
The system of education to which the worker is
indebted for a knowledge of these details nix be
eccredited with the failure of tfae worker to understand tfae pecularities of the negro's position more
thoroughly fa relation to eaure and effect
.The school histories of the   United States   an
of the dominated Clemen; of all nations.
The degree to which thte factor has developed in
spite of obstructive or reactionary factor* fa evi-
nt today |o Ite; mate servile ate/e and tiw most
arrogant master, and so a situation of factional
strife between the workers of any country, stands
out in iiiiiillun*   to the   general   tendency   of the
Some few yeasfa faeek Ban Biota in the Ufttted
8tate» would not have been noticeable, a gnat dfa-
tanee from the point of oeeurrenn. Furthermore,
Ban Riot* could not develop to the same extent or
fa the same toeslttitt a* recantiy. The condition*
did not exist five year* ago to produce e Ban War
in Chicago. Fin years ago, Negro Poltee, Mail
Carrier*. Street Bailwaymen were noticeable * fa
Chicago and Negro, were generally accepted fa
the upper strata of labor's rank, without comment.
written from a viewpoint of pro-Amerieanfam and   The Great War produced tfae conditions of the an-
rirem the details of   psrt events  whteh   can   be   cent troubles in that city.
utilised in propagating American idesl*. This failure on'the part of modern text books to record the
"full truth ran be ascribed to tbe fact that it would
not be conducive to governmental control of  the
.populace fa any exigency. It fa only tfae patriot of
tfae most highly developed type who will recognize
friend or foe in accordance with governmental decree.   To develop this degree of patriotism it  has
Tfae war was e test of patriotism of all elements,
and the negro, being subjected to tfae training
necessary for the development of patriotism, was
not found wanting fa tfafa respect.
The negro evidenced hfa patriotism by enlisting
in tiw Armed Forees^of the IT. S. A. Then wen
limitation* however, placed on the recruiting of
negro*,   ss sp Armed Force.   A   capable   Armed
been necessary to ascribe tite progress of . country > Force of 3.000,000 American negro* could have been
to the genius sud morality of the forefathers of the
scholar* and likewise to ascribe any panic or plague
to tfae wickedness or immorality pf the outstanding
personalities in tfae hfatortes of other countries.
The United States on ita entry into the European
War, found it necessary to »vfae   its school   fate-
eerily recruited from tfae; 12,000,000 negro, in the
United States. Tfate would, however, bavc been a
menacing foree after the cessation of hfatilities in
view of the history of tfae American negro. It will
be appreciated tiwt it.wu necessary to utilize the
energy of the negro in .nother manner. Thfa wss
torin wfafcfa were   permeated   with   anti-Engnsfa   accomplished by tifeidtertiiujf tiegioe   from   the
sentiment, and the, anti-American sentiment, pre-
vslent in Great Britain before the entry of the
United States into tiie war, waa easily reversed by
the British press.      ./ '
Thfa method of education, which fa fa vogue fa
every country, fa iteelf a cause 6f nasmonwa which
te obnrvable from tune to time,
generally fa manifested fay tfae,
populace, of any country, with regard to oecur-
enen, of faternational moment Aa example*:—
(1) If the workers of one country go on strike, tiw
worken of any other country consider it patriotic
to take advantage of tfate incident to produce com-*
moditin for the market formerly supplied by tfae
striking worken Tfafa fa called "Capturing -hade,''
dtkough it fan a semblance of scabbing. (2) Tfarir
support of tariffs against competing nations and
trade agreements fa general,
south of tiw "Mason-Dixon" line, to thfa todustrial
centers of the north. The negro found bfa wsy
into such industries tt did not require mechanical
skill and thus the white worker fa these occupations was displace ?
Forces. The stockyard district of Chicago was a
Thfa phenomena large field for negro labor. The negro of the south
attitude of tiw has always been rabjecjed to a very inferior standard of living and when the labor market became
glutted by the return ofwhtte workers from the
wsr, the negro had an advantage.' The patriotism
of the employers would not justify, them in replacing the negro by ex-spldiera snd sailors, as the
negfo could best suit the employer's needs fay
working eheaper.. "fa addition to thte factor, tiw
negro bad become familiar with and competent in
the work during the absenceof the white worker.
There wtt no wuy tiw write   eouM 'dtepten   tfae
fa fact modern education develops a psychology black, ao tiw former resorted to shooting tiw negro
which fa regulated by offteteldom. out of his industrid and sodriporition. The negro's
Tfae ignoranee of tfae white worker, wtth regard low standard of living would assist him fa saving
to anything except thst which the educational sy- from fate war-time earning*, which wen relatively
stem of tfae northern and western wfattesebcdls, fa- high, and thereby procure   property   in tfae red-
culeated into fafa organ of thought,   enabled   tiw dentid, and frequently, remi-arfatocratic dtetriete.
American employing clsss to faave a working class The packinghouse foreman,   manager   or   clerk
divided fa tiw event of faduatrtel disputes or any Bring next deer to a negro, eould not feel
other expression of the conunon soeid aspirations
ef ritiwr dement of the woi*kfag eteja.           •
Let it be unueratood that tfae education ef "the
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ns^Sswgx **    —*— awam   asm. a   asa   warns*?   s*bb*s*s**^p   asmsaavamsiBaa *aa>   non ^-saaaavspa   w*a*   ws^sw.
watte worker, beeewm taw negro 'did net ragman
tfae same' decree ef Innlmiasl trshiten tt tfae white
. aspa^p   mjwmwwmm'Wm    wMwrmM^mw^mw?   w*wmi   ww^^^^^^ps^^^^^*   ^^"^^"^swes-SBS^aa  w*wm* .^wi^a^F     w»-^a^™^^w   ■
a. *s.a smsava a m B^^^as»*Bssm#sssiw  "ss^^Iwsub^wbsbbs^usb   asm   uaB^^ass^BTSwasssae ~y     a*ea     •s^^a^ar
nwofatea worker, either factory or agricultural, bufa
tfae aagrteulturd pursuits of the negro i. e., cotton
and cane production and to nme extent tobacco, fai
production of tfae northwest. Agricultural machinery in tfae nuth, to the extent whieh tt now
exists, is a comparatively recent innovation.
Thfa factor of education fan been considered fae-
eaure tt fa contributory to an understanding of the
trsfautoty. eax^
rid tendencies, economic devdopment proceeds fa
its logical course. Tfae devdopment of this factor
tends toward a conimon or universal fan.
aw* nsssasww j W-W   uaBaaUUSssflsii,' ansuaW1 BPs\ui**assws'S*aa*^B^*a*?*F  aa'.^assM^pamsu.V    wv v*s*a *sbbi^^^
cherished ideate. The origin and development of
anti-negro sentiment was ignored fay autfaoritics,
and tfae patriotism of the negro during the war was
*-a*m awvs"aw*as*m ^ amass**.  ^^wewwewB^ajusesBsu uiuw   ssnf  MP*** *  "m am^m*mr**Wmj ^***t***
ww stored away for future ww. Officials could uot
of nurse cauntanann lawlawnsw nut they wnfal
of course be otherwise engaged e.g., propagating
the League of Kaffana. This was spparently the
attitude of L»w and Order until .fter tfae shooting
Another faetor in thfa sittttion fa the socfal pod-
OX »^ mmm9       4 U   A ft I   .n. J4..A ^M*^H mm.mm        Mmm mm        m\ mmmW ^m mm£ mm mmmmmx mm. mm&mmmmm i     guiak Sk
tion oi tne negro since nw uunamrnwann rrom a
age dave.   There fe no doubt
ind wttfa regard to fate porition. He
e bottom and fae fa very dfaappofat-
xreedom and Democracy fa menacing to tfae.extent:
to which it fa prevalent  The negro has never been
fa a ppattfan to maxtife
nun there fatt never been a f
States, prior to the war. when it haa been in the
interests of the dominant dan to permit tfae negro
ahd white worker to meet on a common bssfa, or
to come to » common agreement on any matter.
During the war, the negro developed in many resents snd this development wss evident by the fact
thst, for a time, the shooting waa bring carried on
by « well a* at the negro. Thfa fa unknown fa the
part hfatory of the Ameriran negro. He ha* always
been the rabmerged eoutefly, by his poverty, fay tha
educational system he haa been subjected to snd by
the pecu'srities of fate environment, i... by tbe climate of the southern states, hfa agricultural occupation, and hfa Chattel Slave traditions.
Such of the negro population of the United
States, as existed fa tfae north prion to the wfar,
ware developing a clan knowledge, and the white
and black were meeting on this basis. Thfa was
a menace aggravated by the influx of negroes from
tfae south, to the industrid region* of the north during the war. The negro who fan lived fa tfaetn-
dustriri renters of the north for a conriderable
period becomes an educator of hfa fellowa. It fa
noticeable that the Ban War epidemic did not appear in ettfes when then fan always been mom or >
leal friction between the races e.g.. in Cincinnati,
Louisville, St. Louis, etc., or the industrial cities
along the north of the Mason-Dixon Line.
As before stated, it fa not posrible here to give
full consideration to all factors of the'question fa
their relationship but a study of the proportion
from an unbiased worker*' viewpoint wfll result fa
a reasonable eonelurion.
The tagro today fa a wugo-dave, different from
tite white wage-dave by color only, •fneir interests
are identicd. They are both exploited* by a para-
dtie socfal dement and ndther wfll faave an opportunity, to sssert themselves as men and
dther white or black, until'
identity of interests. It is
white worker* in Chicago,
over tiie eftlor issue, will go to work fa tfae plan of
negroes who have been eliminated and that the
surplus of their labor wfll sustain fa exnflann a
black, brown or yellow parasite ss well ss Ac wfatte
psradtes who laughed fa fiendish glee st their
sntiw in "shooting upHfae coon."
The orgy wu .fanned fay tiw owner, of both
white and Mack, when property became jeopardised st Inst enefa property as was not ss essfly
replaced as was any which would onn to exist n
a result of a rifle bullet
Ban Blots, Strike Biota, etc, wfll occur until tiw
handicap of » faTlsceous education fa overcome fay
a realisation on tfae part of tfae worken tiwt tiwy
faave, nothing under capitalism, hence nothing to
loon. This fa more obvious to tfae.negro, and it fe
tote fact wfatefa makes the negro element of tfafa
continent worthy of special consideration,
The "Christian Science Monitor," for July »
carrtes no article, .covering five columns, fay Mrs.
Geitrude M. Tebfaaon, wife of a Sovtet 6c*.
mfawr, oft her experiences in Siberia. Her sceeunt
te entirely favorable to the Workers' BepufaMe,
wkieh n far a. Siberia wtt eonnrned was rapidly
on tts way to a re-organfaation of tfae country's affaire on s satisfactory basfa, when tike AlUn intervened, snd thrir tool Bolchsk and hfe forces re-
tetroduced the onareky of mflitorism agrin.
,> To puttfah the other ride of tiw Bumfan onsrion
faa new departure for the "Monitor" and we
it will continue to do n fa tiw interest of truth.
According to a Britfah White Faper issued   at
Bresfau, Britfah officer, found bsfatea from tfam
months to three yean old sucking spfaaefa soup out
of ltottles,,iiwto
npBfter. JM
■mm- .
n Capital and Labor
Ten Minutes: Talk W~h the Worken
The Conquest of Capitalism
A Journal of News and Views Devoted to the Interests of the Working Class
VOL. 1   N0.29
A Siberian Protest Against Intervention
(From the "Notion," New York, July 26.)
THE following proclamation, issued by tho
farmers and workmen volunteer* of tiw
province of Primorsk, Siberia, was brought from
that country by an official in the service of one of
the Allied Qovernmente.
Shikotovo, Siberia,
"We, fanners who aim to effect the Bevolution of
Farntera and Workmen,   issue   the following pro-
damation: .
We do not recognixeany Allied command because
the Japanese, English, Italian and American Governments are endeavoring to bring pressure against
tfae great Bussian Bevolution, which marks tiw be-
gfanfag of liberty for toe working dam* .of the
whole world Profiting by tiw state of chaos in Busda, the allied countries, with false promises of not
interfering in the internal affairs of the   country.
wps.  In reality  they
dassre of the whole world sre with us. No matter
how great our sacrifices may be, victory finally remains in our hands. We accept your challenge to
engage in battle. Our aim fa not only Shikotovo, but
also, a* you may know, Vladivostok, which te your
main ban of operation.. Just a* the Allied troop*
have left Odessa and Archangel, ao you will be
forced to leave Vladivostok. Until that time, we will
never lay down our arms.  .
(Signed by) Scbevehenko,
Commander-in-chief of the Army of Volunteer* of
Farmers and Workmen of tbe Province of Pria-
mur, in the name of tiw Federal Soviet Republic
of ril
; IF YOU WEBB ACCUSED of a crime", how
mueh would you give for the right to be tried
by a jury of your peer.! Under tite inf.mous
amendment to the Immigration Act, men,not
Canadian-born, Britishers and others, have
been robbed of this right. No one fa now ttfc
It may be your turn next. Do unto other* as
you would be dene unto. Help to secure s
fair trial for tfae Winnipeg men srrested during tfae strike fay sending a donation to—
''''■■' i ■•.''■' N
James Law, Secretary Defenn Fund, Boom 12.
Labor Temple, Winnipeg.,
(Winnipeg Strikers' Defence Bulletin.)
(From tfae ''Daily. Herald'* London,*)
vein tfaat .tiwn forriguers sefae railway* and th*
wealth of Siberia, fa conjunction with the so-called
government of Omsk, because tfae workmen and
farmers do not recognise it*.
According to your proclamation, you are placing
troops here for tfae purpose of maintaining order,
but on behalf of the workmen and farmers, we ask
you the following questions:
(1) Who ha* asked you to re-establfah order fa our
(2) Who has given you the right to do#itt
(3) How fa it that the Allied troops take- upon,
themselves the*task of maintaining order fa our
country t
(4) Is it for the purpose of maintaining order that
they establish themselves through Siberia* lending
a strong hand to the Kolchak troops, knocking down
peaceable people, and-sbooting them? Perhaps you
excuse the burning of villages fa the maritime provinces by Japanese troops by saying it fa for toe pur-
pore of maintaining order.     ^ .    '■*
The workmen and peasants of Busds who have a
real Soviet Government, have been neither injured
nor humilated as then have been by your troops and
thon of Kolchak. It te no longer only Bolsheviki
and tfae Bed Guard who oppose you; tt fa afao the
farmers and workmen. Ton ask us to give you full
control of the Souchsn railway and the main Siberian
line, in order te be able to move freely your troops
and Kolchak troops, who wish to wipe us out.  tfafa
eome from us> and not from you.  We demand tfaat
came.  If you will not submit to tfafa order, we will
one inch of tfae railway we have built
that in tfate we 'an net;' done, but' tiw ' working ;
fare to p**iB^B 	
It fa to the indefatigable'worker that we owe the
following remarkable decree, published fast year fay
the Soviet Government- a few weeks Only after its
"Over two million young live* have been hfcher-
to sacrificed every year owing to public indifference and class legidation. Oyer two million tragic
mothers have yearly watered fae nil of Busda wttfa
thrir tears, and have with, thrir labor-wearied
httd*. closed the prematurely opened tombs of
thon innocent victims of a hideous socfal order.
"Among tiw most striking examples of Capttattst
'morality' are these 'homes' for orphan*, overcrowded far beyond their limits, wttfa their enormous death-rate and thrir odious methods of upbringing which were an insult to the sacred fed-
fags of these poor' resourcelen mothers, transformed thus into men stupid producing machines.
Fading of .Nightmare.
"Happily, afaee the victory of tiie Workers' Bevolution, this fearful nightmare ha* faded into the
mists of tiw past
t "Workers! C*ttisemmother*! Brave, tenderhearted cnators of a new social life 1 Doctors,
teaehers, nurses! New Busste calls you all to build
up the splendid edifice of the well-being of the future generations.
11 central and branch institution* connected
with tfae Commissary of Pu*bl*e Welfare connrning
child welfare are now united in one organization,
under the control of the Department for the Protection of Mothers and Children.   Thfa fa in order
to create strong healthy dtizens, both mentally and
"The Petrograd Lying-in HoKpi
fa tide system, and will go fay tfae name of tfae Chil-
of the Mothers
dren's Palace.   Ita twin at Mesoow will be known
tt the Moscow Cliildren'. Institute. -,.
reforms fa the safeguarding of Bussfan-childwn,
sperial committee has been organised fa nnnectfon
with the Department for the Protection of Mother,
and Children. Thi* committee is composed of re-
presentativn of tiw Soviets, ddegstes from workers* organixation*. and specialists on the question
of education and infant hygiene.
"The following principles will be adhered to by
the committee*--- *
"1. The safeguarding of the mother for the
"2. The upbringing of the child fa an atmosphere of Socfalfat Commnnfam.
"3. The creation of conditions .whieh for the
child will serve ss the bssfa of physical and
moral development, and a dear understanding of life."
' State .Wagn fat Mothers.
But the activities of Alexandra Kollontay do not
end with a men edirt---whieh fa valuable to the outride world chiefly tt an indication of tiw mind
underlying the Soviet Government, which, though
tormented, by a thousand unparralelled agttatiene,
never for u moment forgets tiw welfare of tfae meat
mmlmmM^mmTmm^^MM     '^b^A £ mm mmmmm**
. neipiem ewixeus.
Prseticd measures faave been *tarted—100,000
children sre fed drily from tfae vest kttekett of the
Winter Pslsce; ereehn and lying-fa faospttste an
fa full awing and fne to all; snd the State pays
prospective* mothers^ their full wages for a I
of dx weeks sfter child-birth.
{By John Heed)
John Reed waa fa Busda during the Bolsheviki
Bevolution and this hook record* fafa obnrvations.
hus a. trafaed observer but faa-
sfdn th      .-     d the.advantage of understanding
1*2.  Portage paid


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