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The Red Flag Aug 2, 1919

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S we have
[ it ratafan Ba grip on that share by an habitual,
though quite tewful and even blawetess. restriction
uusneutpnt. For a concrete iUoatration of tiw
•uthor's print we have only to obearve the current
houaing diort^e, which haa been brought *bo«t by
° s .     _     pte^toTevenVtoT^ * U+mlXk, uh(m^) ***************
otrter1^wTte^reTup^   of *+**}[******** «* the «*■' *?**£ ^   cnt.*^^ "^ ~
^^^l*n**^   wuatedbte^wl^ -
£.%   the proeem oi oann aaa>n mammae epep>.:'^tewfed fate seat, wfateb fa ai
U*n^^  T»fa change wm eifceted L>y th, sdop-    ,»£can, kowevn, te very mueh   simplified by
*** *" **** *** -S****9' *h^JS!?,U,^j| ■'******* ***** ene eoawaodtty which serves
quired socfal recognition as generd equivalent and    medtan| ^ eariwnne    Let ue assume that silver fa
Jfanfly became, by   generd   consent, the money-   4lTeaan^^ ******** that diver te
commodity.   The advantages to be gdned from the   "»' wiraooiiy m tn
mw of the inoney-eommodity, may, perhaps, be bat-
ter studied fay taking up separately   the   various
functions of money.
..  •
!*#    ■•i'M
to the rights and perquisite* of burinee*
men in tfae national field, and both have tha practical effect of preventing the full two of the gigantic
perpetually re-creates it—which   have   developed
dun those rights and perquisites were guaranteed.
Insofar aa tiw league of nations turns out to be a
at that time.   Then with tite sttvcr fa hfa pocket, he   league of government* and not of peoples it sane-
proceeds to find a shoemakn   and   purehtte*   a   tion. and encourages this   vast   system   of
rer te
Our farmer, then,
bringing fate pig to market, sells tt for, say. five
ounce, of sflver, which we will assume fa ita value
AB commodities sre products of labor and possess exchange value. As values, however, they
would be of varying magnitude*. For instance, 10
lbs. each of wheat, te., iron and diver would be of
vaty different values. In definite proportions,
however, they would be equal to value as, f or ex-
( 2 lbs. of tea, 10 lba. of iron
umber of vduc-rel.tions
grow, enormously ea the commodities on the market increen fa number. "The necessity for * value-
form grows with the number and variety of the
cummoditie* to be exchanged." (Man.) With
10 commodities, the number of ratios would be 45;
wtth 20 commodities then would bfa 190, and soon.
, however, aa the money-commodity fa set
apart and recognfaed as such, tiw number of ratios
or vriue-rdationa to be remembered by tbe trader
en immediately mucfa reduced and tfae whole process* immensdv simnlified. In tfae ease, for instance,
W^*^****?     •^^■^^■^•^^^^^^^S ^^■^^•^^•^a^* Wrmmgm      ^v^w       ^^^^ a, B      **Ww*m        ^mwmwmmmrmmwmm'-mrmr^
of the 10 commodities, the number of ratios fa reduced from 45 to 9 and fa tiw can where than ware
20, from 190 to 10. The remaining ratio* become a
mere matter of simple arithmetic. "Knowing how
much corn fa to fae bought for a pound of diver and
also how much flax for thc same quantity of diver,
we warn without further trouble how much corn
exchanges for so mucfa flax." (Jevona.) From the
way in whteh tt acta fa thfa particular function,
Mwy fa sometimes referred to as the "common
stor of values." ,
'   The second function of the money-commodity fa
that of a ''standard of price."
Money- then, in the first place, functions as   a < pair of boots for which he pays, esy, three ounces nationd sabotage. The net   profit   of competitive
of diver.   In the some Way, he goes to the publican nationalism has ceased to be apparent,   but then
and buy. n fag of whwky for two ounce, of diver, remrins at Inst s "psychic income" whteh the eou-
Or, if he una fit, he may purchase fate shoes forth- ferns st Paris were extremely solicitous to protect,
with, and put off buying the jug till he needs it for Thfa may content the dominating classes; as far
hte daughter's wedding eoming «% next month. It the welfare of tiw eoaanwn man goes 'tfae
wfll fae observed that our farmer exchange* fate pig beneficent change that c.n conceivably ove
for something fae den not want, i.e., sflver; never- any national establishment would be to fat it frit
theless he anomplfabes fate object more readily and into 'innocuous dnuetude.
conveniently.   Furthermore, he knows   tiwt   the
m**tiTsueat    ■*•"■*■' QiTarans*"
for the »sme inroa th* U tint,
in return for it, they can obtain any article  they
may be in need of.
Another important function of money fa that of
a "mean, of payment" or, aa it fa now generally,
expressed, a "weens of deferred payment," n term
sonwwas* mora tsiSBya^swB*s*Bva.
Thfa function of money arises fa a mon complex
form of society than thon already conddered.
Money functioning in this capacity fa the consideration involved in all credit transsetions. AD
promises to pay in the future, mid "instruments of
credit" such as notes for goods sold on credit,
mortgages, money lent, insurance policies, etc., .re
habitually expressed in terms of, wad call for ultimate payment of money.
• f
v There an some points in this explanation
which Lenin and Veblen might shake hand*, others
concerning whieh they would necessarily disagree-
As to probabilities in this country, Veblen fa no
alarmist—or, aa some would aay, no undue optimise.
He sees no rapid discrediting of the old laws snd
customs fa America, except amc
tivdy few and orieart L W. W^
the members of the Non-Partfaan
American Federation of Labor and the majority of
the farmers, though hard-pressed, arc still uneor-
rupted. Yet, as he has pointed out in a more recent discussion published in THE DIAL, there far
already on foot a project for a coalition between
the industrial workers on the one hand mid tbe en
gfaeers and produetion managers on *tiw other
which may, peaceably and without socfal disruption, eome to the nme thing.
'-"K'"'t--Mi    e ■,.-e."...
All the documents which pass current as "paper
money," so-called, are nude out fa terms of, and
are redeemable in money. Whether this fa posrible
cr not, fa another question. International faalanns
must rise be settled fa red money if the parity of
exchange te to fae maintained.
The Vested Interests and the   State of the
dustrial Arts, by Thorstien Veblen, ($1),   B.
Huefaseh, publishers, New York.
,. m a        The function of money a. a means of  deferred
I^fatiwvdttofeuyro^ paynwnt fan aeunind conw^
the development of modern fadustry, which fa
based very largdy on credit operations. It te due
thte particular function that it is so essential that
the money-commodity be stable and unvarying fa
terras of tbe money-commodity: say, gold, for in-
stance. In order, however, that gold m.y serve tt
tha standard of price a definite quantity of it must
fae fixed upon as tfae unit. Thfa bring done, the
prices of various commodities or different quantities of any one commodity may be uiuiowod by
multiple* or by aliquot parts of tfae given unit, "ffaett
unit quantities, origtodly designated fay tiw weight
name* of tiw quantities of the cammodtty mraally
traded fa, wen gradually *uper*cd*d fay definite
wrighto of the metal fixed by government and faav
that a
\riue, so far aa posrible. Stability of value, wfafle
desirable, is not really essential in a measure of
vdue or fa the medium Of circulation, fa the
event, however, of awaey tent to be repaid   fa a
At one time prostitutes were a clsss between bag*
gars and thieves, they wen then sn artide of luxury. Today, they are no longer a product of tfae.
slums, but working women who are compelled to
nil their bodies for money. This fattej^aate te no
longer simply s matter of luxury; it has become
one of tbe foundations upon which production .fa
carried on. fa many n thriving branch of fadustry
tt te found that working women would atarve did
they not prostitute themselves   And tiw owners of
__ Thus, instead   of sayfag
bawfad of wheat fa equal te value   to 2332
grnittofgolaiweaaytoattiwprinofa^ ^ ^.^^ ^ a^ wfll Tom* «nd in the
The third function of money to be ronddered fa
It fan been already mentioned as one of the fa-
eentcntenres of barter that there fa likely to be a
lack of coincidence fa wants.   Let us suppose tiwt
of. He te fa want of a pair of boots and a jug of
wfateky. Now. tt te very unlikely that he wfll find
on tiw market someone, who, at that time, wants a
pig and fans any of thon articles to dfapon of, atiB
number of years o* of any contract favdring the Uw fariuatry will tell you tiwt "faigfa wags
payment of money ,ft*r a lapse of time, it will be rufa the faduetey." To preserve thrir property,
readily son that any fluctuation fa tiw value of penality must be rained. "God fawn tfate ay-
nanny fa tiw meantfao* wfll affect edvemly cither »tem!»' go deep are tiie defender* of eapitdtew
the creditor or the defator.  In the con of a rise fa   samk fa the lmtrid moral afak of tite tyatem, tfaat
tiwy agree fa declaring piootiaution to fae a naeaa*
sary thing.                                                            ■   -
The proletariat fa power, implies the abolition
of prostitution along wttfa the economic condttiomT
whfelr^vc tt birtfa. ""	
of a fall in value, the creditor will fan. Arising
out of thfa function also fa the quality of "legal
usually given to money by legal ensct-
ment. Tfate defines tbe land or form of money that
may be tendered by the debtor and whieh must be
accepted by tfae creditor. Then two points wfll
eome up for omeunten »t * later stage in our faa*-
Finally, money functions a. a "Stan of Vdn."
Money may fae faoaadedand fa thfa form fa .means
by whkh value any be kept far any leugtfa of time
or trutsferred from plan to plan.
We are now fa a position to define the torn
"money," and our definition will probably fat
sufficiently comprehendve if we ny thst *—Money
te that particular eommedtty whieh, fa any: society,
serves aa a measure of vdues, is * wadlan of ex*
change and ss means of deferred pay ment.
GBOaBMB.   . .
"' f|P|:
m, mm   P*«l*
^B^^A~^W*^^S\ mmmmm '      A^K ^^»hV* — U-
uvQufnfT in woico
af dmplidty, Le-, .desire to -
trstions Instead of rnortfaa to nonderous arientifie qusmy ue worn   pi
may think that in
various factors,   h
and cost
This, however.
into the new produet, and fa accordingly eompen-
Zm dttAtouf a^nnmmtm^A *
long sgo it wss argued that "the divine
" of the capitalist as a property owner wtt a
for   hfa extortion of profit   Since,
intelligent people no longer inpeet "tite
of property say.. nwra. -tarns' tfmw
divine right*" of kings, it ha* become faahionable
to rant .bout tfae "busfans capacity" "orgsnidng
•baity," end all these other dleged qualities of our
cpitdfafttt. plea for their exfatenn.
The origind use of tiw "Bofafnaon" illustra-
***** Mmwy mm c Dcco uue io aa mflisnij te ssjwsbbbv
tfae hfatoried beginnings of capital.       ,
But rinee then   . great ded of study  has
way hen observed on going to market
■man. when there hn been a big etch of
***J **** **il?**f**J^   J**  "**     ****
wmi^**m  efB. *s*s*sw m*mawmmj ^enmsma* "sssma^n'mne'*a *vi   en.s
e the term 'market price" as distinct
given to thc question of capital »
wafl m te ite iuffaenee on modern eectety fa can- ^gf^^W^^
cral.   So mucfa   so that references   to   Bobinson "*** ***""*"** "^i*8'
Crusoe in modern books on politic.] eeonomy   hn- ^i™fr ■*T*W~ "otbf *■?•- * thk'
mediately raises suspicion in the minds   of those pnce of an Fticle   «   no   iudication   of
who are familiar with tfae rabjert and disinterested j™*?*^1*£M' **>******&* ***** ******* ***7   society.
hare been prid at alL ^"Wlsenrea th* rapitdirt sctually renders any renin
berefore when   ttking   ques- Onfasrianw wu*.                              in the lsbor process   he fa get
of the Capitalfat
intra fa no need to convince you n
about tfae qualifications of our capitalist,
observant worker knows how then qualities are
like tiw qualities of s Chsrlie Pean. They are the
base qualities of the cheat, the fraud, and the
"bester." To ask that the capitalist should be
compensated on then grounds fa to sttempt to buy
out or pendon off afl the profesdond, crooks   in
fa teaching it.
Ton will be wise therefore
tion. or making inquiries to borrow illuiitiutmmW)
from the wpritings of presentday society sfawa yen
ere likely to en things in their proper light and
not get confused.
Costs la
It would be foolish, for instance, if you wanted
to know how the eost of the pipe you are smoking
ww made up to pick down your Bobinson Crusoe
from your bookshelf. The manner fa which Crusoe
ant about to procure something like   a pipe fa en-
faen our penny-a-liner economists
They admit that the efforts of
the man who sows tiw corn, of the man who reaps
it, of the sailor who may transport it, of tiw miller
it, of the baker who bakes it, or the
delivers it—that the efforts of dl
workers should be duly compensated. But
what of the capitalfat who owns the mill the cspi-
talfat who owns the ships, the lwkriwusea, etcf he
erics. Hfa legal right he assumes aa nnuncntten-
But  what   fa bfa  eeonomie right f   Hss tiw
ttreiy foreign to our modern factory system. Even   ,,,,.,1,.. „. ,n,t,i.ni| #*.__. „-n„, -ji w- .#*-
n wttfa the farced you nt  Compare, for example,        ^T "jLl! !-jI^i
tiie methods adopted by  the imaginary Bobinson
comet" And fa favestfag fate surplus income fa
the business b he not entitled to the wealth-cresting powers of fate capital?
But ss we have mm fa our previous talks, capital creates nothing.   Ita value   fa carried forward
"Overrun By ftfnaon Wttfa Consent of Afltes.*'
>    (From tiw "Drily Herald," London.)
We have received • letter written by en Englishman fa Harbin (Manchuria) to a relative in London, from which we publish the following striking
wttfa tiw huge machine bakeries of today and you
wfll see st a glaum how futile your attempts would
fae^ to get a dear understanding of what say:
"eost" actually means fay reading such sn other-
win delightful novel. Nor would your understanding fae any clearer were we to agree that
''east" represents "effort." To say that the "ef-
fort" to procure an article represent, its "cost"
appears indeed to be simple, but in reality it fa pre-
eumptious wordiness end gets nowhere.
Bed Cost Defined.
"For the moment you must not think fa terms of
money, sfan then is . big difference between tiw
east of an artide and tts prire.
if you pick up the loaf, for example, which may,      "Here in Siberia and fa afl plana connected wtth
fae on your table for breakfast,   and   examine it,   the Siberian Government tt fa worn than fa   the
you may not notice anything very peculiar about   time of the Tsar.   People hercare hung and shot
It, but if you begin to ssk yoursdf questions w to   simply for saying one word, and the worst of it fa
new that leaf came to be made and finally placed   that we know that they would not have the power
/on your tabs*"*, you will marvel   at   the enormous   to do aucfa thing, if it wen not for the help tiwt
amount of human labor-power alone that mud ban   the Allin gfae tfaem.
faeen set fa motion before tiwt loaf waa produced.    < "Ninety per cent, of the bloodshed in thfa pres-
Not only have you to think of the vunman  and   ant dvfl war fa Buaste te due to tiw interference of
tfae various dfatrifautfag agencfas for bread, or of   tfae Allfas, snd tfae hatred sgsinat tiwm te tcrrifate.
the faoker er other worker, actually engaged fa the   The Allied Governments told   thrir   nataon* that
pvoefaetive preens, but, you faeve to think of  the
mrrHr'fTj" and liiiptei.Diili of the plant, the flour
(ami auxfltery materials needed, ss well ss, finally,'
tiw factory proper iteelf
If, for instance, the machinery fa driven fay steam,
then the boiler for holding the steam has got to be
find, tt may be, wtth cod,   This coal fa u much
an element fa reckoning up the   cert of the bread
as the baker who shapes it And n afl along the
; j Kne.   Thus we may define tiw cost of prodnenig an
article under three headings:   First,   the  sum of
tiw raw materials used up; secondly, the wear and
tear of the machinery, implement*, buildings, etc;
|j and. thirdly, the actual labor-power applied to «*
* spent en, these ffawUtwo factors.
When tiw sute of all then   factors te expressed
fa money we get the Jde. of prin.   Price fa there-
hnding of "directors' fen."
efforts cesse snd find
icaf the article.   But
It includes efforts put
ward fay the worken whteh te not paid far, anna, if
the worken got tiw natural prin of their tabor-
power and the other factors wen duly allowed far*
there never could be s rich idle clsss.
It fa out of the difference between the natural
prin of the workers' labor-power put into production and its market price that our parasitic capitalists are maintained. To repeat, than, tfae cast of
production of an artide fa made up of fae three factors—(1) raw materials, (2) wnr and tear of implements, (3) aetud labor (paid and unpaid.)
When expressed, fa money that artide fa said to
have a price. T. B.
W. Lunate Ask
About Japanen Methods
In ffiberia, ,
they came to Buaste to maks order fa tiw lend. Ofa,
say God, whst aa order tiwy have made.'
"They have put fate power end are fadpfag a
Government that fa worn than thc old Tear's. Wttfa
the consent of tiw Allies, the Japanese hare ever-
run Siberia, and an burning the vfllages and -tilling tiw people all over tiw pten. The Yellow Terror be. been let teen against the white races   in
Mr. W. Lunn, M.P., will ask the Wsr Secretary
today whether fate attention baa been railed to a
proclamation issued by the Japanese authorities fa
Siberia stating tiwt, as it wss impossible to distinguish between Bolsheviks snd non-lfalsheviks, sll
armed bands operating agsfast the Omsk Government were to fae treated dike aa Bed Guards; and
that any village when inh.bit.nta gave assistance
to the enemy wss to be burnt to the ground; and
Whether this method of terrorism employed try our
Jspsnen Afltes te approved fay the reprncntative.
of the British Government in Siberia. ,
He wifl also aak concerning an order published
by the Chief Offteer of the Generd Staff in the
Tented district, omier th* control of Admiral Kd-
ehnk, to the effect that eommanoar of aarrfatms fa
AWsbm*. -      — — — ' 1A     ■ miss —J ss* s ssr     *k-   'B*a ■ "fssUs sussifns BSLSL*la*ig 1 Si ■ 1
fan area an n combust tan Bowaevia  ponrarat
priscrwrs fa tbe varioua dfatrieta under thrir ana-'
trol as hostage*; and that for every act of violence
committed   against   tiw   anti-Soviet   Government
three to twenty of then prisoner, are to be .hot.
'Meanwhile tiw Bnaaian werirers here .re not
Tfae old Nihflwt terror te faring revived.
Bombs are already being thrown right and left,
sonw sueeeariul, ethers not. Large hands of men
have been formed; some of them art even led fay
women. They are infesting the steppes and forests
of Siberia and are causing lots of damage by tearing up the railway flan and bridge*.
the Town of
,    Onega to Beds.
LONDON, July 24—The government fan received s dispatch from Major-General William E.
Ironside, commandter-fa-dtfef of tite Archangel
front, stating that tne Bussian troops hare mutinied
and joined tiw Bolsheviki, hiding over the town
of Onega and the Onega front to tiw enemy. The
latter also tried to tain the raflroed front, but were
repulsed. i  '
v.. -        . ---      -
By Dr. N. 8. Hardiker, Secretary
r of which have
the story of a
rebellion,"   fa   the
i ef tiw Viceroy of India of general strikes, of
I a#»   mmm.    Inaia;   as*   .""la,   VI   gviniai   aa»aamv~,  wm
.t»-mhm tl* Brttteh worhino cum. aad bombe. Oaten-
en*sm**WWBBBe*B   sy    «*bss>s^bs*ss**»  «ssBBB»i*»BB*Bssss**r   ss^ssbswsbi    — ■ - —    ■» ■ "**'****■   '"*■ ' ^*	
i riots were thc result of the naasaae   of
> ■ ■■■■    mmmw  mmm,  iiaail   mm   mmm.  I aii»a6v .   mm
n iseeauna, tfae Bowtett bills. But to
red causes one must penetrate fur-
economic end politicd conditions
the three-hundred millions of India
of Indis fa s rule of one people
fay another for the ssto profit snd benefit of the ad-
lohation are.
L Abject Poverty.
The people of India have been ground down to
Their average per capita income, according
to gorernssent estimate, is 99.50 a year. Out of
tfafa fa extracted a tax of $1.60. This leaves the
head of a family with a balance of $7.90 wttfa which
to buy food, clothing, and the other necessaries of
Bfa. But cost of food for one meal a day te $10.90
a year, this one meal to consfat solely of rice. Obtaining the ordfasry comforts of life fa out of the
question. Men tiwn hslf of the population go to
bed wttfa an empty stomach every night. Contrast
thte with the figures for the United States. The
everage per capita income is $3711 and out of this
but $12, fa paid fa taxes. The avenge American
family has at least three hearty meals, sends its
Cauldron to school, clothing and feeding them until
WU^ttur   sssss-fsa   atus  j *asuuwsw. ■ Us^*-***Bp   emswaae   sB-ea^am'WUsasma-asen ■ •Br*B#*ysuas.       - Bssss^^*ai»
to high school,   fa Indie   tne   average   life fa 23
America it fa 40, at the very lowest esti-
NEW YORK, July 12.-Soviet
dry. > One can not get a drop of vodka
There fa no wine nor beer, ritiwr.
It te surprfaing to find tiw water-wagon
any fai that wild land, when anarchy fa
product, fa the cardinal feature of Indian foreign
trade. The market, of India are controlled by the
British merchants. Free trade policy forced Upon
her by Britain prevents thc growth of infant industries through protection. Agricultural # pro-
l by l»ck of means with which to
and new tools. Natural ireA
•ww*   * *BJvmVI*BIl*t"J  m*e>   */lsw*Cel***rs"sW.
Cholera, influents, plague, malaria, all of then
and many other diseases flourish undisturbed fa
Indis. No efforts have been made to check tiw
spread of then deadly diseases. Sanitation fa neglected on the plea that the government ha* not auf- f"? "m~l "„ ~
ficient funds for improvement of living conditions
No W. C. T. U. eould have been more diligent in
Buaste never had ttlotma, but the cafe- where   the
>&?*■•'' '
of tiw masses. The simplest instruction fa hygiene
is dented the people. Food and proper living condone can combat tiw ravages of tbe dis-
But both are lacking. The deaths from influenza done for the past year are calculated at
6,000,000. During December of 1918, right per
cent, of the population of Bombay died from
cholera. Tfae total number of deaths from cholera
for the first 14 years of the enlightened 20th century fa 5,128,000. Tfae prevalence of cholera fa
India, when it has been eradicated Jn all civilized
Western countries fa but one example of the indifference of British officials to the life and health of'
India. Although the germ of the cholera wn discovered in 1883, and the immediate eradication of
the disease begun in Europe it wtt permitted to
flourish in India, and is taking tolls of human lives
every year.
beeome'chronic and are con-
tfaurily taking a heavy toll of human lives. Famines
reused not fay s teek of rain, nor e lack of fer-
mm\mm*mM ——   -        Ua   ■■   ■    ■   ^mm m mmmW ,a .. m aa    mm. m^^^^S ala  n ■■■ W.    .   . m Wmmm
awn, nor because of over-population,   out De-
cause of thc incessant exntottotion by the British
^wwmwmmmmm^m ^^^ mmmmmjm      ^^^a^^WH^^mf ^^^^^^^^^^"S^S^^^I^^TPI*    -■*WmW   '        ^wmm™*" mmwrnm mm^mmmmmmw
of tiw mbamtenn of the people of India. Then-
end ef famines in India far the period preceding
British rule, ami n eeosneriaon of thfa wttfa tfae
figures far famine* after; the British had established IhimsTl.m fa India will serve to show how British rule has sought to opprem the masses of Indfa.
Befbre tiw British came to India, the record, show
n series of eighteen famine* spread over seven
years, from the eleventh to the eighteenth
fa the nfaeteenth century are recorded
V. Indefatednen.
w m     ava^ww^ m~mr*mtmm^*^mwmjw & k.   -iJBj&stf
Bondage and desth are gradually curing the deterioration of the entire population of India. A continuation of such policy can have only one result—
While elrimtog thst there fa no money for education or sanitation, the government fa constantly increasing the military expenditure fa the country.
In the proposed budget for 1919-1920, nearly 48 per
cent of the total revenues sre to be spent on the
military and navy alone. Next to the
charge* the biggest item on tiw budget fa the
alloted to the railways. On the ground thst tbe
government haa not spent enough money on railways during the wsr it; proposes to spend sbout
271 per cent of tiw total outlay now; Thus the
military and railway, alone consume about 76.38
per cent, of the proposed revenues. From; the re-
mrining 24.62 per cent, they wish to improve agriculture, irrigation, eduction- industries, sciences,
snd sanitation.
With s military strength unsurpsssed fa Indian
from 1890 to 1876, with a total of   hfatory, the government has nen fit to pass a law
whteh fa so drafted that any one when writing or
speaking fa didiked by officials may be arraigned
afad tried by 'special processes, which fa effect
abolishes dl ordinary Isw. The passage of the bill
Wtt bitterly opposed by sll of the Indian members
of the Legislative Council, who voted against tt.
Five of the member, fa the legiriatira and execu-
tira council have resigned their seats Paarive tt;
sfatance movement, hen been started. On April
9, a national "Humiliation Day" wn declared. All
mWm     ■ ^  ii m m —i   I    —I   ■»«!■■   '   ' mm^mmm '    mJLmm ----- m 11 i   i     a ■ *f M   ■    I    i m^mmmmmm^.mmm
snops wen ciosea, ana in many province, rasung
^-—.m-mm .. Si   )m  — M|.M   -    J CUSi mmM^U  m mt     '     ^mt ...   fa    '    —   —     ^        --,--, j|* ^'     ^Lmm^^mmmm       m^mmmm^m,
wee oooerveu. otrucee, now ana nvorw nave oeen
taking plan all over Iiidia. To quiet the restins
people, the government has employed bombs, machine guns, armored cars, and   naa   succeeded in
fanning the flames of revolt. In the revolts at
Ahmedabad and Amritear, a total lorn of 490 Bren
was the result of the government efforts at sufa-
jectioU of tiw people. Fteggings and imprisonments are the order of the day/
ladebtcdnem fa chronic with the Hindu agrieul-
turfat Aa soon ae hfa crops itoea lus ffuri oonnrn
te to nil hfa produce to pay -the landlord his rent,
end the government its reveuu
From 1875 to 1900, then wen eighteen famines
wtth a death toll of 2*WX»,0O0.   fa the   twentieth
aines every year, with
s^firitpg that an liateaiii lhafalo The
from India tell of another' famine,
any tiwt India haa ever known, wtth
ering. Tfae nuns of
be feewd fa the scarcity of
There fa plenty of food
fat tiw eeewtry, but tiw wherewithal to buy thfa
used at prices ilmsouitefl by exporters and deders
fateskfag tt tfae peanut, fa good aeaaona, eould
frt . itttte skasi. be could, fa times of famine,
. hte savings. But aa thing* sre, there fa
whSefa to live fa good
of India   have   deliberately re-
through afl the time that the
working n rapidly   fa
tiweeartaent.   Yet Indfa posses-
aas ril af tite raw materials MttWniy fai 'the, Brimu-
ef. good, which she is rt present forced to
w exnorta of raw ma-
asm- *mm*j*r^^*t*mm-, ^mn ■■ nsiv j mm**?
fadfa and the fagT*tJff -1***flfft*Tftr**''i'**>**'
atp,   te aimed up
to sjs wjllumna. lovers of toe "social
the Bolsheviks when
Lenin ordered ril tbe bottles mid barrels   of firewater pound into the gutters.
In place of vodka the Russian drinks tea
times a day. To satisfy that "Vrradng" for
hoi he dps it through a lump of sugar bald between)
hfa teeth. In dl institutions mid industries operated under soviet rule, tea fa served to employees at
least four times a day.
The Bofahevik reformer* did not atop wttfa voting
the country dry. They «re waging a war against
begging and prostitution, snd have succeeded to
tbe extent that then fa ten of ritiwr in evidenn fas
Moscow or Petrograd than fa other European capitals. Acrording to authorities, the decrewe fat
prostitution and begging fa due to two reuses. In
the first place, the leisure daa that supported1
these occupations is gone. Secondly, fear of hsrsb
Bolshevik punishment has driven parasites to work.
•aaa nooons
LONDON, July 29^(Beutar,k)
eon, Leborite, has been elected to thc Bothwdl di-
visten of Ijinarkshire fan bye-etectfane-the result
of which was announced today. The vote stood a
Bobertson, Iaborite, 13^35; T. Moffatt. Coalitico
Liberal, 5967. Tfae seat was previously arid by a
Coalition Unionist.
The tide of popular feeling continue* to run
agaiuri the Imperialistic junker* fa Gnat Britain.
i i ■ =s»
vision for storage of toe grains, to enable the agriculturist to get sdvsncn for payment of
pending profitable sate at good price*. More
than not tie ryot selfa at low prices and then buy.
at higfa rates to suppy hfa own need, and then of
hfa family. The need far capital with which to
purchase grain, forthe next crop* force* him to go
to the money-lender who exaeta tfae very life Mood
of fate victim.. The teak of capital for new implement, and for new eapertewnta hinders tiw pro-
grem of the agrieutturist. end   the fear  of fresh
w^**^m*^mw aas-sBspsss *w_w m* sasa  a*UBa*B*s*asjss was*#       as a^aTsjp   *jaa>U^ra   saau^ss\  w0n  ^sreas-ssT^
' snsa^CsssH.   Zwm ' - - * --agiSaTs ■ ■'**'■      ****' *■—      ■**** A*L mm ■■ss^
CttfalOD DL aaQCDTulC mMnwCOmV -n**-r am ■Kill BlsTfTnTT CenlmnV
for tiw backwardness of sgrieulture.
/'faX. imteracy.     ' .
Out of three hundred mflflon peopte m India, 29f>
mfllion eon ncttfaer nd nor writa. After 189 yearn-
of enlightened rule fat lndfa, the Britteh ken env
•bled 6 out of every 100 to fae edantod
. ssJiufafa record, fadsedy for e
notion. Ffdufslfan te' noannw
fa ladfa, except fa tiw active states, fin out nf
every faundred a*tete got eaanwwi achool cdueettew.
Tn expendttun on aduaatian fa the UnttcoT
Sfate. per head, fa 84. In India, it fa two snd one-
half cents! Within 20 years, tiw people of the
Philippines have reduced their illiteracy to 56 per
cent. Now 44 per cent, of the people ere
Within eight than that period, England haa
dueed a nation of illiterates numbering 94 par
cent, ef the popufatton, Tfae repeated l-eouert. for
fan compulsory educrtion have been met wttfa tin
same sbjettten tesumnlstt funds. Tet tiwn fa
always sufficient for the military. • :
• ■   v. § ','::v,    i    -■■  .
4 ' '■'    '
(Extract from an estimation
in the New York "Dial
■■■<  ^.rf^. "*g ^^,?:l*mW*>.m
crniqoe n uwoern
few years ago tt
i$e ■
of the leisure Clsa* would have as little chance of
atteriag tfae world far the better a* the satires of
Swift and Juvenal had of changing human nature.
But our age btt become dynamic. Tfae world te
fluid. The tide, of proletarian revolution surge one
way, the entente of reaction the other. Tfae gap between the thinker and the doer has narrowed; tiw
idle speculation of yesterday is the political issue
Of today and tomorrow. Mr, Veblen's latest contribution. The Vested Interest, and the State of
tfae Industrial Arts (Huebsch.) although it still
belongs in the field of inquiry rather than of propaganda, would be the well-worn handbook of
Plato's philosopher statesman, wen than sueh a
one in power.
What a spectacle this once happy tend now present* to the eye!   Everywhere   we   nee   worker*
iuv        ""Bu   **"n*   *****   •fc^Bkaswa^waasi^o*
_ "_^       ' ■«- - ■■'■ -^   '""''' tlmmmL
n *** v*a^^sm    tasuwv     u**maia>m   •^BBs*a^^•B»aJB^B^B^||^^B»Bss'UB^^BBBn•,      newsum    "■■ ~* **
duced into working etem hovefa, in consequence
of the collapse of "prosperity," we wfll again see
crime, prost it ution, and starvation become rampant.
And no doubt, aa of old, tfae met.phydci.ns wfll
discourse on ''human depravity" to account for
this wave of "criminality.**
Anyhow, "the world fa now safe for democracy;''
tt only remains   to   introduce the democracy.   It
the oncomina*
■ -mmf       m**tm~^m^mmmmm^^
that   such a diag-
should now be "a decent place to live in." at least
aim of tiwn papers." the   author explains
in u brief preface, "is to show how. and*   as   far
ss msy he.   why a discrepancy has arisen   in   the
of time between  those accepted principles
and custom that underlie   business   enter-
and tiw fausfawsaflke m anagemen t of indust ry,
on tiW one hand, and the material conditions which
faave now been engendered fay that new order   of
fadustry that took its rise in the latcrighteenth century, on the other hand; together wtth some spee-
ulstions on tiw civil   and political difficulties set
***** bv thte dfaerepancy between business and industry.'*   The .rgument may fae roughly indicated
for DIAL reader* not yet   familiar with it.   The
modern theories of society took shape at tiw  don
"of the period which connected the decay of   feu-
dslism wttfa tiw beginning of machine   fadustry.
There fa dwsys   a perceptible fag between   "tew
and ..custom"  on  the one hand   and   everyday
"knowledge snd belief" on the other: tiw former
never quite cstch up, and arc never quite reconciled
wtth the demonstrable facta of the   workday   environment.  In a period of rapid change  there fa a
greater discrepancy than fa static periods, but there
te always a dfaerepancy.    The   more  rapid  the
> mechanical changes   in   the   way.   of living   the
greater the strain that fa put upon law and custom.
Tfae last great restatement of   accepted commonplaces was made fa the generations following  tfae
Protestant Beformation.   It reached   its climax in
the formulstions of Adam Smith, who summarised
n set of working principles well adapted   to a society still   largely in   the handicraft stage-   The
French end American revolutions resulted   fa tiw
stabilisation of a handicraft economy and morality,
fast   ss   handicraft   was   about   to    giro   way,
„fay a leap more abrupt than any analogous one fa
history, to a totally different scheme of production.
"The modern point of view," thus petrified,   "fa
now some   one   hundred   end   fifty  yean  old.
There ere two main counts induded fa thfa   mod-
of Ownership,
wamcetefly modem rights of
yidd a net return of hardahip and ill-will
tiwn peoples who ban faeund up tfarir:
win tiwt fafad ri enterprin.n
Under tfae new order "the first requisite of ordinary productive industry fa no longer the worknian
and hfa manual skill, but rather the mechanical
equipment and the standardfaed precnan in winch
the meehankd equipment te engaged. And tfate
fatterday uidwtrid equipment mid process cut
faodfas not the manud skill, dexterity and tadg-
of the farirtidnal worirmao, but rather the ae-
ttthiwiogteri : wfadom of tiw ebm-
It follows tint any ayatem ef rewards
Vested   tangible
fint of ell, to arm tabor for
■JP ''*******?'■' ****•_ .***   ****** **
Knowlcdirc    that
1 **** ******
on peper. The Kaiser has gone, and tt he
won. than the deril, naturally, we should be justified fa expecting tfae shove. However, We are aura
cf one thing: Man being vanquished, the "shock
of peace" fa becoming a dread reality.
Do yon remember tbe win editorials of last summer, admonishing the "slackers?" You had no
right to be idle. It was work or fight—or go to
jail. And now, whet! Oh, short memory ot the
working class! Three months ago, any speaker
vowing fafa opinion, of the ruling elan, w te done
today, would have been fa danger of lynching. Today, workingmen and women, you applaud. Why!
Because you feel rebellious. But you have yet to
warn that rebellion get. you nowhere. Some
speakers wfll encourage you in those feelings; but
let your memory go back to a famous utterance of
General Wood, made some three years ago. Said
he:' "No wolf te afraid of the One of . flock of
sheep; he may be puzzled which to take, that's all."
And you today, with rebellion in your minds, and
no knowledge of your status in society, would be
n tiw. sheep before the organized coercive powers
of your masters. You cant get away from it. In
tiw lest analysis. When cajolery and lying faB to
keep you in "the station to which Ood has called
you," the army will do the wfll of the rulers, end*
if necessary, make a salutary example of any revolting slaves. The nature of the wolf don not
chanire. Ifssters, fa lures agone. ruled hv the
sword, and see it or not. the sword fa their arbiter
cf destiny today, when it fa needful to use ft. Tfae
stomach of the slave fa still the grest source of inspiration to him. Stern necessity teaches him much.
but he must learn to know the*.aws that lie behind
the uhenonwna we dailv witness. Knowing, he will
entile at the terms of Bolshevism. Communism, etc.
Instead of accenting hfa master's definition* of the
words, given thranerfa the e-ntter ores*, he will in-
vestieate the me.nine of the bate *xtne«*t*d by tfae
venomous creatures who noteon the news.
bssed upon the assumption of exceptional individual "skill, dexterity, and judgment" fa bound to
clash more or Ins with thc facts, and it fa the nature of thfa dash to yield what Veblen calfa "free
income" to individuals who are religiously supposed to hsve exercised the virtun of self-help in a
socially beneficial   way   roughly  proportional   to
en-rigfateenth century—pl»n. which appear un- their rewards, but who actually stand rather in tbe
itsstttinajy to make for discomfort and ittiBteadi.ii 'position of obstructors of traffic, Free income fa
under the eendtttene offend fay tiw New Order of   pteeaantiy spoken of fa the budnem world n "fare
and fa eeeamonly "derived from
of aatesnwnahip retiwr than from productive work." Now sdeamanahip patently rime to
sell st a profitable prin; tt fa sdemnnsfaip that de-
tenrines what tiw rata and quantity of produetion
■hall be. Commonly the rate b far below what tiw
■ueafassttVal eqripment would allow. During tfae
late war, Veblen estimates, tite American antefaani-
nl sspripmnt wn operated at something like fifty
net cent, of its teehntadly posrible output. "Tfae
faabitnal net produetion te fairly to be rated at
aowotfafag like one-fourth of the fadustrid community's productive •eapntty; prnuaaably under
tiwt figun rather than ever/' From thfa induced
product "special privilege" taker ita due sfaare and
(Continued On Fags Eight.)
represent tha
then you an in grievou* error.   If yen
fa there for him to employ a m.n? We .11 know
(we wen trid often enough through tfae war) tfaat
Wwr te fadfapenttfate. The present strike prove,
it. We further know tfaat industries .re ant run
tor humanity, aake, fant fn e*w tfcfag only, 1^
FIT. And this profit fa not made by buying cheap
and adlfag dear, as many suppose. It fa a fact
that most commodities sell, on an average, at their
value. So the source must be looked far at tfae
point of production. Karl Man shows us that it fa
made from the SUBPLUS VALUES created fay
eodri tabor, which represents UNPAID LABOR
TMB; tfaat tfate unesrncd increment is derived.
Sn "Value, Price snd Profit" for a short study
of thfa. Hence it follows that year wage, represent the price of something other titan your labor
What fa itf YOUB-POWER TO LABOR, or. fa*
ennomie parlance, Labor Power. Tour
your commodity. What te n commodity t
article of utility, of vdue. in exchange. How fa ita
vslue determined ? By tiw socially needful oast of
production. Its price, like eggs or butter, te determined by supply and demand. During the war,
labor power was high because of demand. Now it *
fa doomed to go down, ea supply fa coming up. As
the term goes, "The market te shifakfag."
Now that the war worken took for jobs, and n-
turned soldiers hunt a master, fas fine chance to
observe tbe workings of thfa economic law. Striken
especially should note. There lies no hope in that
direction. You must break the rule of capital, firet
nf dl, MENTALLY.
Laarn you can get along without the capitalist-
while he. parasite-like, fa dependent on hfa host.
Then, following on your new clsss outlook, wfll
come the needed solidarity, and industrial and political tactics will develop accordingly, fa win the
final victory for labor.
V F. S.F.
•    •    e    •'
Bead f or This Educative literature
The Communist   Manifesto,   at the rate of *8 per
100.   Single eoptes 10 cents.
Manifesto of tiw Socialist Party of Canada . . $6
per 100,   Single eoptes 10 cents
Slave of the Farm . . $6 per 100.   Single copies
Wage Worker and F.rmer . . $g per 100.   Single
copies 10
The Present Economic System, fay Professor W. A.
Bonger . . gg per 100.   Single eoptes 10 cents.
noeteltem, Utopian and Seientiflc .. Single
Wags labor and Capital . . $8 per 100.   Single
Canfatelht Prndustitt, faring the first nine
of VoL L Marx's Capital.. Single npfa
eever, 50 cent.;  doth bound. $1.00.
Kolehak, Autocrat and Tyrant Tfae actual story
of Kolchak and fafa metfaods told by aa American
ca*tefal reeentiy returned from Siberia. Wtth
fay Wflliam Bard. Taken, wttfa spriogteo from
thcJuly 9 "New B*pubtte** . . #6 per 100. 10
nor dnrie coot. ■•■ .
^F****   *mm***^n/M*^*i -_, V"*s*b"tbT
\> Also the attempt has I
■'"■"•.-.   ■  '. ™ * WmSwr.f
e i|fejl^|*^ Ite,
non-legal, has no precedent   fa British Jurispnid
"efnenuufp. anajnug. am* ^awaay. .au*w*w .ummwne**n^^p   evuaaas* nan
a. .   .'"    saw**, '.'a. '  a *" a     a    m»    m. a
C^ttB^lnm Iw asamtt^aWm m asa^sssasb^^
\!!^ JP**fl|B a -"**'
'       " ■     '"  •■■■■'■'   ■■' La. j  -.
/m*^**m^*^  ; "WJP     ,Jr *B"*BBBe
■ ■' . ■
v 1
,.. ,
A Journal of New. mid Views Devoted to the   degeneracy.   We hold no brief for
Woririna Clsss. «——  i~» -«, V.U *&..« ."ilk -a.—*i
Published When
By Tfae Socfalfat Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street Eart, Vancouver, B. a
mm Bin       .
Kuitor —
C. Stephenson
2,   1919
i i. ■ is      .   j ■"  'j'SJ^H
A New Jurisprudence {?)
BRITISH jurisprudence 1
Roman sonority there
What a fine old
was in that, onn
familiar phrase. We say was, because it has little
but historical interest now. With what pharawi-
cal pride we used to compare our legal system and
tts administration, to the disadvantage of the
legal systems of other lass fortunate tends. The
organic growth of ages, it was. we wen told, the
vary bulwark of liberty against tyranny. Jurisprudence! There is even an aroma of well-seasoned
old vintage about the word, no new-brew, rot-gut
hasty concoction for the body-politic. The
name suggests, deliberation, weighty eon-;
prudent decision and wise administration. But alas, for human frailty! We have heard
ft said, even in the good old days before the war,
that the blindfolded godess Wtth the scales, oft-
times dipped the bandage, and that she Was a
mud-bedraggled slut, no better than she should be.
Be that as tt msy, five years of government by
Order-in-Council have brought us to a parlous
state. The arrogance of the bureaucrats, increasing with the lust of unchecked power, 'knows' no
bounds and even tiie pretence of jurisprudence has
vanished. No longer can it be said that the conn-,
try's affairs are regulated by a system of laws.
The "due processes" have been abandoned for the
rag-tag and bob-tailed anarchism of s police spy
administration. An arbitrary bureaucracy hold*
sway whose purpose it fa to suppress and curtail
those privileges- essential to orderly social pro-
gress, of criticism of methods and systems of
governmental administration, and of the minority
privilege, of gaining adherents to their cause by
education and peaceful pursuasion. We hark bad-
to the star chamber methods of the tyrannies of
hundreds of years ago.
Leaving adde the outstanding evidenn of this
fa the can of the arrested men in Winnipeg, we
draw attention to the ease of a number of foreigners, mostly Busrians, now held in the immigration
detention shed in Vancouver. Then men, meet of
them member, of labor organizations and residents
of many years standing, were arrested, token from
their homes and families, on general warrants, containing no specific charges. This was done under
the re-amendments to the Immigration Act, which
amendment it will be remembered waa rushed
through both houses of the Federal Parliament in
twenty minutes, without consideration or discussion. Yet, ss s tyrannicd encroachment on tiw
liberties of subject*, no more drastic measure fan
ever been enacted fa any country. Under thte
emeuument. tt fa now possible for even British born
perron* to be tried under the Art, in secret, without accused being present at tbe enquiry, the pram
and the publie ean be excluded, tiwn ii no real
court, no trial fay jury, tite victim may fae ordered
deported, and tiwn te no appeal to any judge or
court fa the tend. Only an appeal io the Minister
of Justin and he, fay the way, te th* prosecutor. He
appoints the committee or whatever the inqufai-
torial body fa railed, to try tfae can. So the appeal
fan farce.
Afl time provisions are facing enforced fa the
can of the men fa Vuneouver. Friend, or families
an not .flowed to vtett them and only a legal sd-
vfaor fa allowed at the eno^iiry.   It  te  held   "in
t with'a —-—"-*   sstafa:
v,-T».-   *..;•—-    —rawr -—      .-mm.   m>   m*mmm^mmmjmm   j—mmr
a rere«ding and a fresh study of the otsntfcJft
forms, but we hold thst the con*titutionsl syste; -JJSmtf ^ 8<l!5L!!0Tt,rt' ff *""
0ftrtelfayfa4«.ttrifa^ 'Snfa-mnn^
the eyes of men fa a fully adequate and proper way   Irl ^rT*. m ■mT*J ¥*****- on smwnmmmnp as w
to deri with then pifanaiw. Let the dinking en*
who fear the light, haunt th. diadows.
Leering on one ante the constitutionality of vest-
ing, the power of deportation fa thfa inquisitorial
body, the lew important matter of the power   to
issue general search warrants was declared, in
George III reign, by the British judiciary, as being
contrary to the fundamental Anglo-Saxon rights
of personal security snd property. That old Boyal
reactionary and hfa crew of toadies thought to
stamp out the advancing liberal thought of that
time, but Wilkes, an M.P., and publisher of tiw
"North Briton," hurled defiance in the teeth of
the bureaucratic conspirators and took hfa case to
the courts. Chief Justice Pratt, who heard the
can, told the jury that if such a power of general
search existed, it would be "totally subversive of
the liberty of the subject." The jury derided fa
favor of Wilkes. He afterwards sued Lord Halifax, secretary of state, who issued the warrant, and
his. assistant who supervised the raid, and a jury
fined the former £4000, and the latter £1000, for
damages. It was a wholesome and effective check
on official oppression.
Even at that date, at least one newspaper in
Qreat Britain was free and independent enough to
denounce and challenge arrogant authority. But
fa Canada today, the press is absolutely shackled
to the vested interests and fa
fa for the initiated to get a knowledge ef
now have a atoek  of literature  an   hand
be put to use.   Besides tiw eteeritt we
on Kolchak.   It is the best and moat
,   w***********        *■»•*■'   **m    s*sBBsas;  sas^Bssse    b*b*ssss*>    asaa •*
0Ms""*We*m'wm   VaUewmffw   *faAvM**-m**;*ml   J»*C1.       A*""."
****** --f™    .***' Ml** .****-**   **mm-^^amjmi   waMwgw      *W. ■    esu*"B**WP******» ;
stock runs ant.
• Sk * '   J        '
►    e    e
Probably there fa not a farm in any already settled community but what fa falling abort in its possibilities as a production unit because of lack of
the necessary human labor power, and yet our
"reconstructionists" can thinkof nothing else but
sending the returned soldiers end surplus popula-
tion into the swamps and logged off lend, fa the
. A sane system of production would co-ordinate
and concentrate ite productive powers instead of
disponing them all over the country, away
the markets and centers of civilized life
The Honorable, the Minister of Justin,
Ottawa, Out., Canada.
We, the undetrigned, protest sgainst the
proposed deportation of men held in Stony
Mountain penitentiary, or efaewhere fa the
Dominion, without first granting them fair
and open jury trial.
We urgently petition you tiwt, pending
such trid by jury, they be released   on bail.
Copy tiw above petition. Get your friends
te rign it and bmU fa to tfae. Minfater of Justin, Ottawa The can fa urgent. Art quickly.
LONDON, July 29-4n connection with the re-
by its dl- cent allied warning to Beta Bun, the Hungarian
communist leader, arrangements have been made
for a Franco-Serbian advance in case. Bela Kun
should not meet to allied terms. Renter's Limited
says it understands. The attack would be made
upon the right Bank of the Hungarian red army.
■■■■is—s.»w.iiiiwiii ■■»'■ ■ i"i. <i   ~isin.ua   ■
ence, in the suppression of publicity on then cases,
where it fa not prejudicing them by distortions and
misrepresentations. There fa no organ of liberal
thought in Canada like the "North Briton."
Liberalism fa dead. Its liberating mission has been
taken up by the Sodalfat movement. We Socialists
must inform the people of the straits these men are
in. We must warn them that if they allow to pass
unchallenged this attempted breach fa their ancient
legal safeguards, that the day fa not far distant
when no man Will dare raise hfa voice fa protest
against public wrong.
The legal firm of Bird, Macdonald and Ross, act-
-'tan'tof^ )¥*** * ******* fW *^ *****■»   the
test to Ottawa, and havodemanded a jurytrialfor   Chicago bureau tor returning^soldiers, sailors and
them.   Let us all do likewise. m»riim
Funds are nowIwtag appealed for on behalf of      rm,, above  u pfa^ ^ j^.       ,
those on trial in Wfenipeg.   Then funds   will be       ******* wu* ******* *** caunoftmr
turned into a permanent general defence fund to
be, used for all such cares. The prospects sre thst
the number of such cases will continue to increase
for nme time to coma.
Continue to contribute generously to thfa fund.
Exert yourselves to overcome the dangerous apathy
of your fellow-workers. Give the utmost publicity
to these activities of the authorities and so may
you overcome the sabotage of the kept prem. Publicity fa our stranglehold on the reactionaries. They
are afraid of it They and their hirelings must do
their work in camera, mid in . fog of lie*.
CHICAGO, Illinois.—Because many employers
arc not carrying out their promises to re-employ returning soldiers and the alleged unsatisfactory rer-
vices of many who have been employed, a serious
situation has come about in the Chicago district fa
regard to positions for soldiers, according to
m*ma. 9    ' W mm
racial disturbances in Chicago as competition for
the job. Wage dsves destroy each other as a solution to the problem of unemployment. Thte fa the
law of the cspitslfat jungle.   Fang and daw.
■   ., ;. i.i ..I-, ,i.u 1.1   •     . i
mft ^*M^*w**'wm**^****w. ^^***mmW^***M*^*****M*M*****w w*    w**mm     s^wssw^wommmmmwmwm   ^s ^w^wmw*******!
LONDON, England, July 23.—The Wn Office
announces that owing to a further landing from
the Caspian Sea of strong Bolshevist reinforcements fa thc rear of General Denikin** troops, the
Denikin forces hare been obliged to make another
TOKIO, Jury 90.—A big nun meeting of tiw
newly oranwdmd tefaor union, catted to discuss improvement of labor conditions, wn broken up violently today   when   Sriute   Osugi.   a  prbnunent
stopped the meeting.
■ r ii 11 -i n   "i -—
Newsagents fa* Vancouver for the Bed Flag.---W.
Love Hastings street, next to Boyal Theatre Co>
lumbia New. Agency, earner Hsstfaga and Colum-
bte.  John Green, Csrrall street, near Water street.
8 pm., Bmprem
mtmmMlmfgm   f^ gjgjjjj
Gore Avenue i • . > .. .......
■ I
"—^-aa———. .—^^———
ment and
fJOW thst the Winnipeg strike hss drawn to s
A*     momentary stondstill, snd the striker, hsve
back to their jobs sarin, that  te   thorn
back, on* aaa begfg£*to 1
it..! ..iiMalttuV..;' .**'.***' --■«..,* --.>-
tne vanoua lector* ana element*
the strike dtuation. One fa es-
i te the attitude of the govern-
Not that the government
ting, for to tell the truth it
ooonsn. out oeing representea as
to the strike, as the
mid order, tt the fan-
/ interest wu to sn tfae
•strike fairly and amicably settled as a sort of terrestrial god whose lofty head towers above thc
clouds of mortal strife and from whose lips nothing
hut words of wisdom, truth and justice can fall-
it fe interesting fadeed to observe how this incarnation of bourgeofa democracy acted at a psycho-
logicd moment when absolute impartiality was demanded. . '
In the first place, there WW the advent to the
scene of the strike of Senator Bobertson, minister
ef Labor, the function of whose office is, according
to popular belief, to see that labor alwaya gets a
square deal. This Senator Bobertson pronounced
himself .gainst the striken before he
net hfa feet on the streets Of Winnipeg—a very par-
Then when tite postal employee went on strike
Borden, without more ado, initiated the poliey of
tha government acting in thc capacity of strikebreaker, by fairing outriders to fill the plans of the
strikers. By this set, the government definitely
showed ita hostility to the strikers and their aims.
out its po
tween it
organised workers. This
government waa not with-
W*m ewrjue relation tw-
S sttBBBBB*sT^^MW*tfaa« mwmmm   B>a ^« aSik
On aend ur the •101^/'  to Franc*
-"ttjekV ■ apse   is.   g   a is c  nw i uic *»   a u *«? r*»i ixTJ"
cy and to make the
panto, tiw Borden
Government had made them lavish promise*, the
fulfillment of which it has for the last year been
trying to evade. The soldiers patience bus been
severely tried by the government's hesitancy in
fulfilling its
to fight for
world safe
the minds of many
of the returned soldiers had become gradually disillusioned of their fates notions of bourgeois democracy tt a consequence of the harsh treatment most
soldiers suffered after coming back to Canada. For-
most veterans had the wholly unwarranted belief
that on their return from overseas, they would be
laid gently on a bed of roan to be eared for fay
gentle hands and faring heart; fa reality they have
been unceremoniously discharged and left to shift
ty has been given
to thfa, the government was not ignorant of its lack
of prestige among the returned men. In truth, it of a bourgeofa boss,
hed been looking about for nme time for an oc-
to perform some glorious deed of heroism,
conristent with tile dignity of a bourgeois government, that would win back the lost confidence of
the heroes of France. So the strike could not have
come at a more opportune moment for the government. Hense Borden, with one eye on the pee*
dbility of securing a number of votes for the next
election by putting a quietus on the impatience of
the unemployed soldiers, and wtth the other eye on
the ehsnee offered to strike a blow at organised
labor; issued hfa ultimatum to the striking postal
worker, which gave him an excuse for filling
places wttfajreturned roldiem.
As tiw government delivered the first blow with
good effect, the police being sufficiently active and
dose at hand, it soon resolved on a bolder stroke.
This wn to summarily crush ril thon unions whieh
have tired of the miserable commodity struggle and
have determined to put an end to it by
fag the exploitation system. The O.
pecially incurred governmental displeasure, snd
official anathema had also been pronounced on afl
tfae Secialfat. who openly praise the effiriency of
the Soviet, and I
shevist regime. Thc only labor
were taken under the wing of governmental
tection were the old-time trade unions, the members
of which spend their time fa talking shout indifferent reforms and in spinning fine phrases about
the brotherhood of man. Indeed, the government
has shown an unheard of affection far all the working mett who an contented to remain hewers of
wood and carriers of wi
m."mm.   mm ■ ^M. ■ —    -     —      _mm-mml    ■ ■   _   fm-m—m—-^        m^^^^m^m,     . mtm. -m^am    mammm^^m,^mmmmmmmmmm1-mm
i l"H"l
(Continued from Page Two)
rent—Busria's seven per cent, of "bourgeofa." It
did effectivdy represent Russia's 93 per cent, of
peasant, and wage-earners.
Certain inert elements among the peasants might
not have sent delegates. Thc really conscious elements had svsiled themselves of the summons dis-
pstched to all councils of wage-earners ».nd of
peasants and had come to Moscow with delegates
bearing the documentary evidenn of their elections.
.From tt far east tt Smolensk, from as far west
tt Vladivostok, from as far south as Odessa, from
as far north aa Murmansk, these delegates of tbe
93 per cent, assembled. Bobfas. on going out of
Bunds, mat the Vladivostok delegate at Vladivostok and the Irkutsk delegate st Irkutsk.. Such en-
counters merely confirmed hfa conviction. Tfae
Fourth All-Busrian Congress of Soviets wn not a
Congress of Soviet, speetelfate from Petrograd and
Moscow. It wn s Congress broadly based on the
effective mass of Busda.
It waa a Congrem of a Busda "real"er and
"dd".r than any Busda of any aristocracy. Tfae
gnat boots rtefag to tfae knee, the flannel shirt,
flowing over the breeches, the broad belts—then
wen the signs of a really antique country-ride
crowding the Hall of the Nobtee.
The debate on tbe Peace began on the fifteenth.
It continued, wtth eeant intorafastens, through to
the evening of the sixteenth. Moat of the talking
wu agafaat tiw pean. At eleveu-tJtirty on the
evening ef the sixteenth Lenin spoke. After him
no on. spoke.    . .   ,-.*'.%     "-..'..-->> ■:■=■•.•'
At eleven-thirty fae wn sitting in a chair on the
platform. Bobfas was sitting on tiw steps of the
platform. Lenin waved to Bobins to eome to speak
to him.   Bobins came.
Lenfasrid- .      *
"What have you heard from your governmentf"
-ohins said
<<Nothteg........Wh.t has Loekhart   heard   from
Then Lenin said; "I shall now speak for the
fweee.  It wfll be ratified."
He spoke for an hour and twenty minutes. He
pointedly wanted to know with whst resources,
with what resources of fighting men, with whst re-
sourcn of fighting msterisls, the Busstens would
fight the Germans. He seemed to agree with the
private soldiers, who once instructed the learned
propsgsndfats of thc Petrograd Soviet by saying.
"It's-no use approaching German generals with
a eopy of Karl Marx in one hand and of Freidrich
Engels in the other. Those books are in German.
Bat Germsn generals can't understand them."
Lamfa spoke, though, above all, for lttptto-for
respite for the Bevolution. Hfa policy remained
what tt wu fa Petrograd. He would surrender
Petrograd—the Imperial, the Bevoiutionary city.
Ha would surrender Moscow—the Immemorial, the
Holy. dty. He would retreat to the Volga. He
would surrender anything, end retreat anywhere,
if only, on soma slip of land, somewhere, he might
preserve the* Bevolution and create the Bevoiutionary discipline whteh did indeed, twelve months
later, enable him to fight a w.r on sixteen fronts
and endure dl the dfaabflitire inflicted fay the Allied eeonomk naval "blockade snd still precariously
revMuuonarny nve.
He spoke for a necessary pean, s preparatory
pean, a peace of respite snd return. Bed card*
naa up in hands afl over tiw faoun to approv*. Bed
cards rose^up to disapprove. The count was had.
Not voting, 204.
Voting against ratification, 979.
Voting fa favor of ratifteation, 724.
Bussia wm at peace Buaste wu slone. Bussia
was headed for a war with the world
Robins still sat on tfae steps of tfae platform. The
count was cried through tbe faoun. It was thc de-
efaion of tbe meet populous white people in the
world. It was the decision of the most innovating
and upsetting of ril peoples in tfae world. From
them, through him, a question had gone to Wash-
fagton, snd an offer, begging . response. No response came to fates then. Be i*ejpon*e came to fafan
.t aay time afterward*.  -
(To Be (^onffaued fa September Metropolitan.)
The first step in this bold enterprise was the arrest of the strike-leaders. But tine was only a pre- *?
liminary to a general man-hunt for Socialists, revolutionists and Bolshevists, end for documents
and letters which might be used as incriminating
evidepce against the arrested strike-leaders. Indeed it would seem ss if the government's plan to
crush revolutionsry labor organizations was but a
veiled attempt to stamp out all revolutionary organisations. At all events the govennnent ha. done
its utmost to intimidate Socialists, and suppress all
aritotion aaafast the ttpttalist system. It has sup1
pressed mod revolutionary publications, and has
created a police foree whose special function seems
to be to spy upon and hunt up class conscious snd
revolutionary workers. And as a climax to the
reactionary activities of the Canadian Government,
tt was reported just the other day, that the strike-
leaders wem to be tried not only for whst tiwy
might faan said snd- done during the Winnipeg
strike! but alao for whst seditious utterances tiwy
hsve mane from 1915 to the present time. Nothing
could be more 'reactionary than thfa. The government could not aim more directly at suppressing
every hope and longing for more freedom, more
liberty and" better living conditions. Indeed, fate- V
torisns can now write, of the democratic bourgeofa
government of Canada, as they do of the autocratic
Cnrist government of Busste, after the rebellion of
1906, that it tried to put down tfae rebels against
its tyrannical rule wttfa an iron band.
Such te tiw bourgeofa democracy, to preserve
which, the world wss plunged in blood and tears
for four long yean. It hss shown n clearly that
it fa beyond dispute that it fa s clsss institution,
thst in sll dispute* between eapital and labor involving vital issues tt will take the ride of the clsss
Whoso manager it fa. It esn not do othcrwfae, no
won than water esn prevent ttnlf from running
down hfll, or thc sun from giving out facet It to
only then weak entimettalfata thst have a greater
capacity for sfaoutfag eatofa phraaes than for thinking that believe tiwt a bourgeote government could
n should take rides with the workers agafaat the
capitalist class
But thfa britef teen empty dream, aa tiw ex-
perienee in tiw recent strike hss proven. A capi-
tenet government can net adapt iteelf to the needs
of the working clan. The only epnawtcnt thing
tiw working class can do with the capitalist guy-
ernment fa to evntfarow tt, aad to establish in ita
plan aa adminfatration which fa under the 4faect
.control of the laboring dam and which embodies
tts morals, ita ideals snd its purpose to make the
earth the real home ef tiw workers.
'   fe-W.C,- ...   -    '•". •
•U-h'SA ;••'''-    .      ,
(Extracts from
ied Wplomaojr tod the Bolsheviks
Russia," in the
Colonel Bobins, da yen still want to best   ths
  a.. ';
I       I   ■■   .^^-im     ' nrfa.ir.ri. ^ssmsal.
■*    -■''■' »^WWBmumfb.«gt. ,.     r      - ■ jbsbbssbbs
Mid Bobins,   "ye
wttfa   Gar-
tejt--after ite
a definite promise from your Govern-       "In afl
can even now beat
at Moscow,
said Bobins,   "yon
The question fa:
Mr. Cojmnnutener.   if   manyf      w     M -,
"Do you want
"The Germans
Col. Robin's aoeount faatem irrevocably on tfae  B."
Allied   Government,   the-blame   for   the Treaty       "But, Mr.
faring signed fa so far as they ignored tfae appeal    have si ways opposed
of the Soviet Goveri|^^^_ ^ ( ^-•uu^Iam.f
la*t of a nunifan oflB^mad.   on>m
5, on March 16, no answer having arrived,
Lenin threw fate influence-fatp tfae serin fa favor
of Peace, for reason* which wfll be found fa tiw ex>*f
tract from hfa speech.
The Bussian Army Refuse* to Fight "In writingf
^mmZ Mm   ^^^        mmV^..        „ T**t*k*r  *****  *-* **Wm **i*7>
LiWll ^^#f^^ymJ^#!p^   ntoginyouowflves^'neattu.
sign it.   It was too personally portentous to them.    ^ ft^ .^ m^ Pm^n-nwd.   flW .n**.
When sfl «*to^j«
tojroand signBe r^llad^w^aMka^mf    «KevartIwlna,»» arid Bofafan, "I wfll not handle
refund.   Finally certain very subordinate leaden   m v*W mm****** '    mFj!
were outrightly ordered to go.   They went.   They   he written. TflbrfaTmr 'ntternrctor  1^^
signed.   They signed the^document without read-   -4*1, _,. .,— -_«^TT,^■.. ."***■* •"**
Bya^^fcy^ajeaag g^^^11*-^^
dw not regard feVea a Miwm  aw* of sgnement,   „n,i t __._    .n _.a-j •* •   —   ,..      ,   ...
-IfaeyngardedttttA »»fI*«faV wfll read tt in Bngliefa end wffl e«y you
Out of thfa spirit, tt furious ss it wss futile, the
Council of People's Commfadoners issued its summons of February 2L 1918. It commanded a uni-
versd resistance to the Germans, The "bourgeofa"
must be compelled to resist. They must be compelled to at least dig trenches. And "afl Soujeta
mid Revolutionary organisations are charged wtth
the duty of defending every post to the last drop
of .flood.*'
But the mam of the army at onn showed that
on thfa point tt agreed wttfa tfae Constituent Assembly and not with the People's Commfadoners.
Even the "revolutionary proletariate," in most of
tts representatives in the old army, .was finished
wtth fighting. Soviet leaders, fa Petrograd and fa
meet other places, passed resolutions for fighting.
The army could not and wodd not fight.
Lenin noted this contradiction acidly fa Pravda.
He arid:
"fa the week of February 18-24, we wen fa-
structed by the comparison between two different
aorta of communications which reached us. On the
one hand there were the communications telling us
of a debauch of 'resolutive* revolutionary fighting
phrases. On the other hand there were tiw communication, telling us of the poignantly disgraceful refusal of regiments to hold their positions, of
thrir refund to hold even the Narva line, of their
failure artuafly to obey the order for
tion of supplies before retresting."
ftuaria waa fa mass-flight.  Tfae Allied
wan leaving Petrograd.   *J*hey wen tearing Bus-
ate,   The American Embassy did not teave Buaste.
It waa able to be eatewr.  It waa natter acquainted
will refuse to ratify tiw peace-treaty
many or (hJ-dm#pQos*ttn) Got
the peace-treaty, will renew the
ita robbers' raid, or
Government will be forced by the sctions
many to renounce the peace-treaty, either before or
fca._ ^ Ba-ss^^ iin*uiis^fcitiimainlto
it te very important for  tin
military and political plans of the Soviet Power for
"'   ^°i^^^^,^**a!:
Can tfae Soviet Government rely on the support of the United States of North America, Great
Britain and France fa ita  atrnggte  agafaat Oer-
underetand it .nd will promise mfe to go through
wttfa tt.   Otherwise I can't handle it."
Troteky welded.   "Be back at four, "he said.
Bobins went away.  He went away confident. Ho
remarks now, regarding Lenin and "Trotsky:
"They never convinced me fa tfae slightest degree that tlwy eould make Bolshevism work. But
they did convfan me abedutcly that they could
keep their word. They made me many promfae.
about Bed Cross affair* and about other American
affairs fa Bussia. They riwsys made good on
them. Unlike many gentlemen in the Government
which preceded them at Petrograd, Lenin and
Troteky never gave me any blue-sky talk. They
never promised unless they hsd the will and the
power to deliver. They often refused to promfae.
But, luring promised, they delivered—dway*. The
Germans tried to double-cross them, and they
double crowed the Germans. I tried to deal with>
them on the square—every time. Therefore, when
Troteky told me to be back at four, I knew that
et four I would get thc document and that it would
aay precisely what Trotsky had said it would Say."
"In the opinion of the United
extent—in   the above-mentioned
Trotsky Agree* to   Oppose   Batification of
At four o'clock Bobins returned with his interpreter.   Troteky received them st onn.   He had a
sheet of paper in hfa hand.  It was fate menage  to
America, already dictated—in Russian—and type-
^** a asrassjda*       a*w   %^B*^a*ssB**B^fcfW^r^aja   asswss*s.aaesa   aawarta   owasw   ueaesws Mr    w&m^on
tn Lenin', room. Then were other people then.
Lenfa left them. He led the way to the Council
Hall of the Council of People's Cenuufaneonars.
There, at tiw end of a long table, Lenfa and Trot-
with Smolny.   It knew tfaat Lenin and Troteky fat-   sky snd Bobins and tiw interpreter rat down. Tfae
tended to keep dl of Bussia they could for tiw
Soviets snd tfaat they could still heap mueh of tt.
Mr. Frauds and Bobfas derided that to go to
Vologda would be to go far enough. Bobfas »e-
eompanted Mr. Frauds to Vologda. Lenin gave
fafan a personal letter, written with hfa own hand,
asking the Vriogda Soviet to provide tfae American
Embassy with every possible assistance. The Embassy, arriving at Vologda, east tts eyes on Vologda's best clubhouse. The members moved out, snd
the Embassy raoyed in.
Bobins started back for Petrograd. He arrived
there on March 4, On March 3, tbe preliminary
signing of tiie Peace—in the field—the signing
without reading—had happened. On March 5,
Bobins went to Trotsky's office. Troteky. tt soon
as fae entered, said to fafan:  .
interpreter took Troteky'r*pieee of paper and translated the miwsgo on it into Englfah, and then read
the ttunetatieu aloud.
Robins srid to Lenfa:
"Don tfae translation' gfae your understanding
of the meaning of the document f"
"Yes," said Lenin.
"Mr. President Conunimioner.'' arid Bobfas, "I
must ask you another question:
"If the United State. Government answers this
document affirmatively, wfll you oppW the rati-
fteation of the Pean of Brest-Litovsk *t the Afl-
Bussian Congress of Soviets at Moscow?"
"Yes,? ttid Lenfa.
"Very well,"-srid Bobins, Mid rose.
The document fa fa tiw Words following
"In earn (s) the All-Bussten Congress of Soviets
What conditions—military equipment, transportation,    enppttes,   living
particularly and specially by the United States!
''Should Japan—in consequence of an open or
tacit understanding with Germany or without such
an understanding—attempt to seize Vladivostok
and the Eastern Siberian Railway, which would
threaten to Cut off Bussia from the Pacific Ocean
and would greatly impede tiw concentration of
Soviet troops toward thc Beat about the Urals—in
such case what steps would be taken by the other
Allies, particularly and especially by the United
States to prevent i Japanese landing on our Far
East and to insure uninterrupted communications
with Busda through the Siberian route!
States,  to what
^^^ drenmstanctt! ".
wodd rid be assured from Great Britain through
Muimansk and Archangel f What steps could the
Government of Great Britain undertake in order
to assure thfa add and thereby to undennine the
foundations of rumors of tiie hostile plans aaafast
Busda on the part of Great Britain in the nearest
Such was the document. Bobins went wttfa it
immediately to Mr. B. H. Brutt Lockhart.
"Have you heard from^ your   government?" said Lenfa fa Bobins again.  It was on tite
day after he had made hfa first inquiry.
.'"I've not hesrd yet," ssid Bobins again.
"Has Lockhart heard from London!" said Lenfa.
"Not yet," said. Bobins, and added: "Couldn't
you prolong the debate!" It was a ratiier courageous question.
On March 6, fa Petrograd. Bobins had gone to
Lenfa and had told him about the unavoidable
stoppage of Trotsky's message to America in mili-
tory code at Vologda.' He had asked Lenfa for an
extension of tfate to get hfa reply from Washington. He had asked for an extension of forty-eight
hour.. Lenfa bad made no definite answer, but
therefore Izvestia carried the announcement that
by request of President Commtedoner Lenfa the
Moscow Congress had been postponed from March
Now, fa Moscow, Lenfa simply said:
"The debate must take its nurse."
"Can I get tfae credentids of tiw ddegstes!"
Ianfa eoneented. Bobfas got them from Sverdlov,
chairman of the AflBttmian Soviet Executive Ons-
ntittee/ There were 1*204 ddegstes. Bobins get
1186 credentids He hsd them examined by two
One of tiwn person* was s follower of the Bevolution, but not a Bolshevik—a Mensherik. The
other was a member of the old nobfltty.
From their reports fae knew thst tin* convention
wss not a packed convention: >Hc had already put
cut a supplementary investigation through men fa
fab service who lived amone the delegates at hesd-
quarters fa the National Hotel. Tfate convention
wn a valid convention of conscious Busste.
It did not rewcttilt-~tt did net pretend to renre-
(Contfaued On Psge 8.)
*/■ ■
m ' '';■  ■ \ ■;
r -
j    (
v   '
\ ^ '^j^sEi^JLa^'aaJfL.  ^ae^Bjmarsa.^BjBBB^BmttBram''
Be*   "sjar*   *»svs*^aTamTBB*slUj(*»*mj^ w •   .
Organized for the defence   ef tfae   workers arrested at Winnipeg during   the   General   Strike,   i-,|fartltat rerolutiWrerered for the final public
PLYMOUTH.-The Nsttenri Union of Rrilwiy-
'* Congress came to an and today.
Mr. East, Barry, had charge of one of the most
June, lMs, aeting fa conjunction wttfa tiw General
V/vuii*uiii"c*c  e»i    « aaaiiainBaapf *ub*]*tstwbtw, „..
Vancouver, B. C,
July 24,1919.
Dear Comrade:
A number of men active fa tiw labor wo.aw.nt
now facing trial at Winnipeg,   charged   with
Conspiracy' as a result of their activity
fa tfae general labor movement in this country.
Raids on tfae Labor Haifa and homes of officers
of the labor movement ban been conducted subsequent to tbe srrosta fa an attempt to d*faeover eri-
• ?.. i
"Tfaat this Congress approves tiw   action   of
lurion wttfa the employers, through tfae Government, to maintdn the existing Order of society.
"It, furthermore, instructs the Executive Committee to take the necessary action with the
Miners and Transport Workers to strengthen tfae
power of their organizations, and to take all
necessary measures to promote a joint policy
„ and programme representing the desires of the
members and their organizations."
the Triple fadustrid Alliance in remaining aloof
from thc Uovernment * Industrial Council.
''Whilst recognizing that arbitration and conciliation may be desirable between great trade
unions sad tiw employers' associations, it affirms that no useful purpose   fa   served fay eel-   ** their last trench, said Mr. Boat waa by
that   would take   tha
able to
out of
We take the
!    .. .     Then eould be no conriltetioa between Capital-
front   tiw   "Christian   wm and Labor.   Ten years ago they   would have
thc arrests took plan.* It fa now apparent,' from' tiwn
the evidence introduced at the preliminary hearing, vduttoa fa Rusri*. "If the Triple Alliance had
tfaat it te the poliey of tiw workfag-elsm movement Tjori^ ^ diitd advance   on   Habsrovsk,   an ^veroment*. fadustrid Council,   fa the Trfajle At-
of Western Canada tfaat te to be prosecuted by tiw ft„,(-,„, Mwe WM f 0 ^wjaliiig with the Japanese. ******* there ere potenttelittes   for revolutionising
government, rather than the individuals who ere Tfarosmfaont the Siberian campaign.   Japan's allies ****$*'.. The Whow world look, to ft   to'use   tts
■tending trial. were irabjerted to eeustsM suraeUlsnce snd troubles power.-   (Cheers.)
It fa evident, however, from tite array of legal arming from Japanese spying on American troops. "During the war their trust had been betrayed,
talent engaged to eonduet tiw prosecution tfaat no ..^ j^^ eompenf wtt on outpost Arty. A *** ^J •**! ttw **** **** ***-J w»r to redeem
efforts will be spared to convict these comradn of ^^ (||f >m ^^^ ^3^   to ^jo,,   ^ sentry thenwdvn wn through the power of their orgsni-
ours snd send tfaem to tfae penitentiary.              . lfa*a; efaaflenged/^ (Cween.)
Money fa needed .t once to insure tiwt tfae  fa- a *.,»,«*»* Md eould go where he wonted.   The The Hour Is at Hand,
tereste of the accused will be properly Inked after .j^rfe,* .entry then stabbed the Japanese in tiw
and to earn tor their families, and a committee re- Jeg to stop fafan.                                        ■$-&■'
presenting the organizations whose names are »t-       «A ^ minnttt fater.
tacfaed haa been organised to ritand to the erilee- ^^, ^ ^. ■-
■ i     sfc *' s* st       • a. •      •** ■ • *nsjeiaB^^B*a    aaaaaa   atavw   H*f^L
tion of funds in this Province.      , wept ^ ^ ^ ^ tw
Owing fa tfae strike* thst hsve been and sre tak- fieer and pTOte8tea
ing plan in Western Canada, many of the   union Mying tfaat it made n
tiw trigger only cflek- hand for whatever the employers may think fit to
again,  American of- dole m-^ a^j ^ j^, q^ v# are gang to en
■-time, the American ufat a^ workers hsve a fair share   of tiw wealth
•bout the Japanese, tiiey produce."   (Csteen.)
ofkillfag   thc TfaevoteWM
Mr. Applin, Taunton, who seconded, believed tfae
hour to be n**^*Mj^'*^9**   Alliann   would
and SO men ad-   i^^ to make its stand for democracy.   In holding
The Japanese officer   aloof #,„,, ^ lodurtrtal Council there wss no wish
eomsranding of-   to leave the smaller unions behind,
the American action,       Thrir hope was thst the Triple Alliance would be
rt*** mm .*** mi Htomm** to S^^^^W^rZm^LnTt   £ "mTjT"" * ^ ^ "^ " ***
sll the more neeesssry for every worker to assist ro ^^  s^ jm^m ported hfa automatic, but as there      .«We & ^ tatend,'* be drelaied, "to no can in
toe collection of funds. ws* no shell fa thc eh
We lrnow that tiwn wan whom tin government ^   itaf on ha could
are attempting to send to the peuttentery have your fj^ fcdd hnn.   In tfae
sympathy, hut ff they are to fae properiy detonded eonrpaayJiad quietly
and their famfltes eared for, yen must give aouw- f^,^ trouble- with t
thing more materld than sympathy. Ja^panese if tfae *fattor started »nytbing.   Then tfae
Give what yntt can snd then take nw of tiw en- Major of tiw Jspenne forces nme no. and finally
closed rabnription sfceeta and ecfleet   from your th* matter wn adjurted.
fellow worken and friends. '«•
T.ke up collection, at your union meetings, pie-.
nin snd at tiw workafaep. that they tiwewdvn
Send all money and make all cheques payable to by a force of -WOO Ji
V. B. Midgley. Defence Fund, P. O. Bex B79, Van- the Americans out if a
eouver, B. 0. vantage print on the
Issued on behdf of tbe foflowing oi^Wairations:       *'******
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council, jtofat.on.faa
Federated Labor Party, """"
Sodriist Party of Canada, »       ,';^S
B. C Federation of Iwfaor. F(^^|,?t^^
Ex-Soldier* and Sailor* Labor Council.      , ^   ..... ... ■■■.'.y^—
tLnaarromamw wni;
Collection agency for Alberta:  A. Broatefa, 1208   l^aaer and Socfalfat Pre*.
TheTsnreua lux Lord.
Mr. Black, Covent Garden, proposed a resdution
been congratulating «rongly protesting against the imposition, of fa-
,- afterward found *om* •*ix on tecamn below tiw margin of sub-
, quietly surrounded dstenee and foatruetfag tite Executive Committee
under orders to wipe *° ****** tn* Triple Alflenn to take definite action
was fircd from  thrir   ** wner to raise tfae income tax limit to £250.
The mover said tiw workers were taxed fa. tfae
the Railway Engineer-   **&***.** <hoie ***** wWle f***^*MJ**^mt/m.
Japanese officer at   a
Wed the soldiers and thdr frinfltes white, and ex
ploited tbe worker, to the utmost.
The time for action had come. They wen not
going on peyfag to keep troop* fa Irelsnd. to fight
Busste, tor starve German children, to fane upon
^ *-*"* Jjf"J"J fadten people a Government tiwy did net want, or
Temple. Winnipeg    te Iwlster up tfae tnwfiteen.  Mr. Haintainn, Car-


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