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The Red Flag Mar 6, 1919

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Array .,
1
PAGE EIGHT
THE BED FLAG
H
I -
IV
BUSSIAN   SOCIALIST   FEDERATED   SOVIET
REPUBLIC
Comrade*—
Why have you come to Mourmansk? Ton have
been told in England that the demand for men on
the w est era front ia greater than ever. Yon know
mat in England men of forty-five and over are
being called to the colon because of the urgent
need of men. in France. Yet your soldiers are
brought here, right in the Arctic Sea, a thousand
miles from the battle front. . .
For what purpose f. Your government tells us
that it has no hostile intentions towards us, that
it does not desire to occupy our territory. That it
will not interfere with out internal affairs. That
they have been sent here only for the purpose of
defending our Moorman railway, against the Finns
and the Germans. Comrades, it is not true I
When anybody offers to put himself to considerable trouble ind expense on your behalf, unasked
you get a little suspicions of his motives. We have
not asked your government, to help us to defend
our country. We know that their intentions are
quite other than those they express to us.
The Mourman railway is in no danger either
from the Germans or Finns. If you look at a map
you will see mat the railways and roads from the
west of Finland end hundreds of miles short of
of the Mourman railway. If the Finns want to approach our border they must traverse hundreds
of miles of marshy forest land, and you know how
difficult it is for an army to do that.
Neither can the Germans threaten the railway.
If the Germans want to attack the Mourman
railway they must first take Petrograd, and march
through our country hundreds of miles from Petrograd to Petrozavodsk. We are no longer at war
Germany. The Germans cannot advance on
without first declaring war on us again.
ere is no liklihood of this happening. Except
this, that if your army comes south, the German
[This is the text of the famous manifesto of the
Soviet Government to whieh so many references
have been made in the daily press. As an official
statement of the Bussian ease, it deserves to be
read in conjunction with Lord Milner's letter
putting the arguments for intervention.]
On the contrary, your presence here increases
our danger. Why then have your soldiers been
brought here? We will tell you.
They have hem brought here to
oooslry in the lalamt of Allied oafitaisssi
They have been brought hers to
revolution and bring keek the reign of
You cannot believe this. You say that the British government would never do such a thing. Let
the facta speak for themselves. . .-T- ■-
The English capitalist newspapers, Times, Morning Post, Telegraph, are writing every day about
erecting a "strong, resolute government" in Russia. Do these papers represent the views of democracy, or do they represent the views of the financiers, capitalists and profiteers of England? These
papers also constantly refer to the wealth of
timber contained in our northern territory, which
they say would be sufficient to pay for the loans
whieh the financiers, capitalists, and profiteers lent
to a corrupt and tyrannical Tsarism. Capitalists
and financiers are ■ not the friends of English
workers, nor Bussian workers, nor the workers
of any country.' Who controls the government of
England today? The workers or the financial
oligarchy? The financial oligarchy. They are ordering and directing the landing in Mourmansk. You
are being used in the- interest of the profiteers,
who are profiting out of the lives and labors of
the working people. 'MMy.
Your government ia interfering in our internal
affair*. It has established its own control in the
district you occupy. It has cut off our telegraphic
' communication with outside. It is attempting to
may use this as a pretext to advance further into .      ,  ... .■.#.,y.,.w/J-JU    ijJtil_ ** ...
£7 country '       '* ***** *"* **"** **** 'mMm* agatest us. At
Kern your government shot four members of our
Therefore, you are not required to defend us.
Sftr.'i.1. ■', ■ ■: a j'},1.", i    ■ ■'.,■•:.■:-■ * aafc 'v   i     i ■■■,■;■■ 'txii-
local Soviet.
<
are fighting for liberty, but they are fighting to
bring back the Tsarist regime. They are extending;
Into Siberia* Wherever they go they suppress our
Soviet (Council of Worker' Delegate*), hang tt»
members,  and put Tsarist officers, in Its place.
These Tchecho-Slovaks are gathering round them*
selves the corrupt and reactionary officials of th*
Tsarist regime. It is the same croivd that betrayed
Kitchener,, that sold the guns and munitions made
in British factories to the Germans, that disorganized our arp/y, and who were just about to sell
Bussia to the Germans when we made our revolution.
Th» one object of the Tchecho-Slovaks ami this
crowd is to crush our revolution and tq bring bach    m
Tsarism. They have officially declared that to be
their object. And this has the unconcealed—n%y,
outspoken support of the Allied governments.
The Allied  governments and  the Allied  press
are applauding the deeds of the Tchecho-Slovaks.
The French  consul made a speech in which he
congratulated them on the task they had undertaken.   They are financed by the Allied Military
Mission. Their operations are directed by French
officers. .-;■•,,:... .... ,.';       ;  - -   '-
The landing in Mourmansk is part of the scheme
to co-operate with the Tchecho-Slovaks.
For the first time in history the working people
have got control of their country. The workers of
all Bussia are striving to achieve this object. We
in Bussia have succeeded. We have thrown off the
rule of the Tsar, of landlords, and Of capitalists*
But we heve still tremendous difficulties to overcome. 'We cannot build a new society in a day, We!
desire to be left alone. V        K
Ye* in your trade unions have hem fighting;
eaphalisni; you know what it is..
Comrades! Englishmen 1 You pride yourselves on
your love of liberty!
Comradei! Descendants of
You who have always    '_
" Revolution!
ttisl If the
1
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" 1
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Chartists f
with the
.
"INTELLECTUALS" -AMD WORKERS IN TBE
PARIS COMMUNE
[From Iiissagaray's "History of the Commune of
^ ieTt")
. Five-deputies only signed the address for the
election (for the Communal Council). The rest of
Louis Blanc's group had kept aloof from Paris
for several days. These weaklings, having all their
life sung the glories of th* revolution, when it
root before them ran away appalled, like the Arab
fisher at the apparition of the genie.
With these mandarins of th* tribune of history'
and of journalism, mute and lifeless, contrast
strangely the sons of the multitude—obscure, but
rich in will, faith and eloquence. They, could indeed
"come down the steps of the Hotel-de-Ville head
erect," these obscure men who had safely anchored
the revolution of the 18th March. Named only
to organize the National Guard; thrown at the
head of a revolution without precedent and without guides, they had been able to resist the impatient, quell the riot, reestablish the public services, victual Paris, baffle intrigues, take advantage of all the blunders of Versailles snd of
mayors, and, harassed on all sides, every
m danget of civil war, known how to negotiate
to act at the right time and m the right place.
They had embodied the tendency of the movement,
and conducted the entire population to the ballot
hex They had inaugurated a precise, vigorous, and
ftaitiaal language unknown to all bourgeois
powers. And yet they were obscure men, all with
an tawperfset ■iipliam some of them fanatics.
But the people thought with mem When fl-
rastrkra* bourgeoisie had amy accumulated *au>
heee now cossets 'found victory, he-
they listened to Park
Revolution ia
will be
Your government denies that it dM so, hut we   ^WSI'.JJ^ ****JPT? t**/"7_ ^^P^TqW
have positive proof that ft d& *Qli*W'*VmW** P,.,W *T7' !ff,W
'
The Tchecho-Slovaks!
You know that on the Volga, right in the heart
of our country, the TobeehorSlovaka are openly
striving, to crush our revolution, they said that
they wanted to fight the Germans, but they have
remained here, and are fighting us. They say they
fight for economic freedom will be put back fat? *
'yeer*
v tram '
President,.Council Peoples' Comjnitaarieo
('. TCHITCHERINB,
i     .
HANDY TEXT BOOK
v..|:-
on thi economics of Capitalistic Produc
being the first nine chapters of:
m
VoL 1 Han's Capital with the 32nd chapter on
the Historical Tendency of Capitalist Accamn/ ..^
latlon included, also an extract from the prefaoj*
to the   same   author's   '♦Critique   of   fOSUlurt).
Ecoaoaar",  which  formulates the  materialistic
Interpretation of history.
I
mora, paper covers, copy, We.
Single copies, paper, covers, 50c.
Single copies, cloth bound, $1.00 per eopy.
10 copies or mere, doth bound, eopy, 75c
„ , Peoples' Commissary for Foreign
'V*     j. ■•.- .'    <
A new political party, "the Independence '
sociation,'' has recently been formed in Porto Rico
to agitate lor the complete separation of the island
from the control'of the United States. The official organ of the party is La Correspondencia. In
connection with the growth of separatist agitation, a correspondent of the New York Evening
POM .reports that a letter has been received by
the dean of the University of Porto Bico from Dr.
Paul G. Miller, Commissioner of Education, "requesting a list of the nsmes of the members of
the graduating class of the Normal School who
had signed the petition to the House of Representatives urging that a certain resolution to the
President of the United States h)t changed so ae
to pray for the complete independence of Porto
Rico." The Commissioner further stated mat no
appointments as teachers would he granted to any
applicants whose loyalty to the United States might
be
WASHINGTON, March 4.-rDiseov*rcry of a- nation-wide Bolshevik women's organisation in Finland, through the arrest of an U-year-old girl,
is repotted in despatches to the state dana it stent
from Hehdngfors. It is said that a complete list
of Bolshevik agents has been obtained from the
prisoner.—Vancouver "Province,M Feb. 4. ■
THE RED FLAG
PAGR SEVEN
r
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**
/jf4tHE gTOwtogSiftpBO of unemployment Is elear
JL evidence that a serious labor situation ia developing in the country. The latest published reports of the United States Employment Service
show ah increasing surplus of labor both skilled
and unskilled in almost every important manufacturing centre. The relatively high standard of
living, to whieh the skilled workers attained during the war and toward which the unskilled were
rapidly advancing, ia threatened. To avert what
to them seems an intolerable and unwarranted
catastrophe, a number of tne mom highly organized trades have struck or are about to strike for
0 reduction in hours and in increase in the hourly
wage rata. The war period gave the workers a
taste of economic comfort; it gsve them a new
sense of power; it convinced them that tho' resources of the country are adequate when intelligently administered to provide every man with a
job at more than a bam subsistence wage. They
arc not going to be thrown-back into the old slough
of no wor%, Irregular wet* end lew pay without
a struggle. This determination was the principal
cause Of the recent general strike in Seattle, which
Wis SOt ss the papers alleged, a Bolshevist uprising, but a mass protest on the part of all the
orgsniied trades of the city against a threatened
interference with* their rising standard of living.
It explains the recent successful strike of the men's
clothing workers for the forty-four hour week, tho
conversion Of the railways brotherhoods to the
policy of government ownership, the current strike
in the building trades,
In the face of such simple and obvious facts,
Congress seems to be trying to mystify the public
by working up a hsir-rsising Bolshevist melodrama
to cover its own negligence, doth and ineptitude.
Months before the end of the war, groups of men
In the industrial and labor boards which had been
created during the emergency, forewarned Congress and the adadalstration of the dangers that
must attend
I From The New Republic,, Feb. 12]
Whatever the truth about conditions in, Bussia
may be, whether or not the Bolsheviki have fulfilled their large promises to the Russian Workers
and peasants, it should be obvious that the piling
up of indictments against Lenine and Trotsky will
not alter the fact that our own steel industry is
facing an extremely difficult situstion, that our
copper industry is at a loss to dispose of the billion
pound surplus that it heaped up during the war,
that western lumber manufacturers, In their patriotic attempt to live up to the agreement Into which
they entered with their employees months ago
under the inspiration of General Disque, am piling up stacks of lumber for whieh they am unable to find a market. Csnjomrmtlim of the inefficiencies of the Soviet regime will net help us
to straighten out our tangled railroad problem,
or to decide upon a permsnent policy with respect
to telegraphs and toaf phones, or to make a wise
disposition of our shipyards and our now merchant
fleet Certainly it will not solve our own menacing
problem of unemployment or feed the hundreds
of thoussnds of discharged soldiers who ate being
sent out of the camps at random to drift back
into communities where there are already more
men than jobs. By its failure to face the facta
of our own threatening labor situation, Congress
is doing more to prepare the ground for the varieties of radical propaganda which it loosely lumps
under the melodramatic title of Bolshevism than
an army of agitators could accomplish even if
they possessed the fabulous sums of money whieh
the Bolshevists are alleged to be scattering broadcast out of the late Tsar's hidden treasure chests.
During recent weeks, a committee of the senate
over which Senators Kenyan and Hollis have presided has been holding public hearings wtth,e vhiw
to the preparation of bills for the amelioration of
our industrial disorders. These hearings and the
tentative proposals of the committee have not been
Of s character io'^et much attention either m
Congress or In the/|^ess>/ .They have not .reached
the ears of the unemployed workers, li jtlWi' have
they bean effective m ooosmeajgtef erpansieg men
who are keeping a ^reeariooa hold on their Jobs
that Congress If deeply in earnest in seeking remedial  legislation.  Their scepticism has not been
f
S
Is
helped-by the shelving of Senator Kenyon's bill,
calling for a commission on emergency employment
parent willingness of Congress to let matters drift
from bad to worse is breeding s sullen snd rebellious temper among the wage-earners. The general
strike in Seattle may be partially set down to the
peculiarly American and self-assertive temperament
of the skilled workmen of the Pscific Coast} the
labor of the coast towns from Seattle to Laf Angeles hss always been radical, not in the Europesn,
but in the old American revolutionary sense. But
>es not aecount for tho tone of the resolutions
election, tor the purpose of sidbig fS^rw tahor
Party ticket by giving the workers Va. day oft on
making profits for the b«i^n\.^S^^^mm
sounds a new note in the slogans of the
tive unions affiliated wHb the American F,
of Labor. Tne leeners of the Chicago untons ate
not of the Pacific Coast type. For years, they have
kept the safe balance between the extremes of conservatism and radicalism In the conventions of the
A. F. of L?Th# hare not been .cenrtomed to
argue their case in terms O^'the'''Aels^ #ar." They
Haw
§M
I
prices ami threw great numbers
werR: mey Knew mat mo evna of iismnaliuwwil
**"••**-^•WoT    mm*mm    wa^ww    mmmm.   *• mam   v*    m^PomssamwvysnmmmBm
among the men who had been gathered into the
war industries would be greatly aggravated by the
planless release of the millions in the srmy; they
knew that the end of tin war would give rise to
problems requiring as careful preparation and as
devoted patriotism for their solution as the problems of military mobilization. They urged the
extension and strengthening of the public employment service, a national programme of public
works to take up the slack and steady the situation
while the business world was readjusting itself to
the conditions of peace, the gradual cancellation
of war contracts Instead of a precipitate curtailment of government expenditure, a reasonable
attempt to co-ordinate military demobilization
-with the ascertained demand for workers. But all
these suggestions were classified under the head
of reconstruction, and reconstruction was taboo.
To discuss post-war conditions while the war was
on would dampen the military spirit ami jeopardize victory. So Congress did nothing. Directly
the armistice was signed moat of the important
Industrial snd. labor boards whieh had done so
much to steady the country during the war were
dished. The harness was tossed off. The country
was thrown back into the chaos of lalssei faire.
As s result unemployment Is rapidly increasing.
Tirausinai unrest is growing steamiy more aeoie.
otSrfres are nmrtiprying. and all these inevitable
cemaqnoneas of Its own short-sighted neglect, Oon-
cvess is attempting to lay at the door of a mysterious and vsjreery ocrvaalie Bolshevist inopaganda.
in these tiowned tamos, melodrama is
fcnllsst for the ship of state.
BUTJaflf avRD AJa iRIOA
hive been advocates of collective bargaining, of
cooperation between employers and workers; not
opponents of the wage svstem. When they begin
to talk about taking "a day off on making profits
for the bosses" it lb reasonable to infer that discontent with existing industrial conditions Is errs-
talizing into a militant class consciousness even
r.mong conservative American workmen.
Tn the face of the mounting volume of unempley-
ossic industries, congress can hardly ne said to
1* girintr the country its beat service by attempt*
*% to divert pnblic attention ^m real evil* at
home to*Wtpw^- 'In'Rossis which at worst
have remote interest to jobless and hungry men
and women and ehiMren. It would seem to be time
for Congress to take its responsibilities for tho
welfare of American/industry and American labor
ewtonery. ■. > j   ' §  *f.    : ^,-m,«»«{
■ ^^fflal
■
{From a review of
British,Revolution and
in the New Republic, February 22.1
"Revolution can't touch the United States. If
Pm«m"
|f ■ amtrtisWBot an sejally
the part of the British has not deprived Britain
Of its revolutionary legacy from the war-and.
whatever America's failure to prepare itself, the
example of Britain is there. .     ' .
Mr. Angell's argument does not depend on his
Will to believe. It goes straight to the lesson of
co'lectivism that was taught to Britain and Araeri-
co by the war. "The war has accomplished the
necessary preliminary to any form of Socialism:
it has demonstrated in material terms 'tile, economic feasibility of tho method of common owner-
chip or control of the means of production and
distribution." This ia a fact which it Is futile to
deny. Why must it lead to revolution or recon-
structiont Because the collectivism exists and Is
necessary, and the transition from It is under sur-
veillanee. A "war for democracy" has best fought
and won. Can the people of Britain or America
be cheatedt Only hi one way. "The danger mat
tho power gained by the state In war may be
used to the ends of enslavement hi a very real
/ one; and the fight between those who hope to use
collectivism as an instrument of real liberation,
and those who hope to make of it a moans whereby the nation-state may assume still greater powers
of coercion and repression, wfll be a hftter one."
sufficient pledge of justice
with a thousand years of
no illusions shout the vote. "Mere political
worke7inMow fsctories,  mineVsnd fields! I
resl control over their own daily Uvea as to'make
to &r& <X *mte hi*L otu* kernel
ironv " Prosrsmmes of atawaamts fMasHaa On Vaa
deeper. They are now the daily most of BlW
labor, and they amount to revolution In the realm
cry. The unlvoraal enforcement of
ftftntrrtl   ft* l«
dustry, the resolution of national finance,
conscription  of surplus weslth  for the
H
P^^radeTnionS hns^tetn MtTlZ
nruisn trade unionist hss now taken bold of, and
to elude them is beyond the most slippery of states-
-.■.!■
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But why must America follow suit? Mr.
replies by indicating that here too we have had the
experieiic*-oi^eellectivhm. Americans may ham
had ao^pmion as to guild eocialhm, no opinion
as to syndicalism. Mr. Gompers may still be unready to see anything in the problem of labor but
a problem of wages and hours. But if the wage system comes to be transvalued la England, if tho
status of labor ceases to be servile there, how will
labor In the United States respond* Unless it has
already achieved polltleal powur (hard to achieve
under the revered but smuoOliil senile constitution-. Mr. Angell foresees a gam for tho impos-
smiHsts. And if the impoariHlista are thus indirectly encouraged by laggards Ike Mr. Gampsra,
the result will be a greater upheaval in the end.
••, ..I-- .. ■
PAGE SIX
: T^ff RED FLAG
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THE ENGLISH STRIKE8
It is the purpose of the working classes to secure
a share in the control of their own production, in
the management of industry. The bulk of them
am not as yet clearly conscious of it, but the tendency fa unmistakable and the advanced men, the
shop stewards who are organising, the movement
among the engineers and on the railways, have
perfectly clear ideas of what they wsnt. Early
in the war, when Mr. Lloyd George went to Glasgow and the* Socialist Forward'was suppressed for
giving an account of the conversation between him
and the workmen, he was bluntly told that they
demanded a share in the management of the
"shops" and he answered that it was impossible.
Impossible fa a word which is not at present to be
found in the dictionary of the shop stewards and
the men they represent.
ft fa reasonable that employers should every.
where complain of the methods now being used
against them. How, they say, can. any settlement
be made when the demands of tho men grow and
change from week to week and almost from day
to day, when agreements are not respected, when
the men repudiate their own leaders, when demands travel from trade to trans" by the same
"sympathy'' which accounts for so much of the
rise far prices? It fa reasonable, and yet such a
complaint fa superficial. These confused and distracted methods of labor are the symptoms of a
moral restlessness which seeks satisfaction without
knowing clearly how to get it Labor lacks unity,
though It is acquiring it. It fa sick of the old
organs to which it had looked for leadership and
it has not yet acquired new ones. Its aims, conscious or unconscious, are such as has been suggested: the right to maintain a fuller and more
decent life, not merely to produce but to have a
greater share in the fruits and control of production. The state and capital, if they were wise,
concentrate their attention on these es-
causes of discontent rather than* on their
secondary symptoms.
But the prospects are not hopeful. Capital some
say is spoiling for a fight. Since it must come,
say others, it may as well come soon. Before the
aims of'labor are satisfied, privilege and profit
will certainly he curtailed and the experience of
recent years does hot suggest that those who hold
these things will give them up without a long
^ mWatruggle. Peace reigns and war begins.
:Mt^Wm*ym:1k* New Republic, Feb. 22.
"las BOHBfnn m *•****•
to the "Mk
published »
By RJfys Williams
Vancouver Trades and Labor Council is
|ng in its policy of furnishing material on
situation in Russia, so that the workers in this
having the facts may pass intelligent
^ _ en! on the merits of the Soviet form of
administering the affairs of a country. Following
up the publication of the "Soviets at $o&*f by
N. Lenin, they are now publishing the "Bolsheviks and the Soviet*," by Albert Rhys Williams.
Mr. Williams was a war correspondent in Belgium and author of "In the Claws of the German
Eagle." He went to Bussia and for fifteen months
lived in the villages with the peasants, in the Red
Army with the soldiers, and in the industries with
the workers. He knew the people as well as Lenin,
Trotsky and others.
Some of his experiences Mr. Williams baa written for the ''Now Republic," the New tort"Nation." and other journals. After bfa addresses fa
w fiTM i?5** * £?'<lsl HFr?
the Ford Hall, in Boston, many qoeetions were
raised. In thfa JSWPhkjt, the "Mehjwjb and tho
Soviets," Mr. Wffliams answers these q
briefly. When we say that thfa pamphlet fa
valuable in its way ea the "Soyieto rt
them who ham read the latter win realise that no
higher recommendation could be given to it.
The price of tin pamphlet is 16.50 per 100, or
10 cents each.
Order them from Secretary, Trade* ap*. Labor
Council, loom 210, labor Temple, Dunamuir street,
.Vancouver, B. C
The secretary of the Alberta Provincial Executive Committee, of the Socialist Party of Canada,
J. F. Maguire, reports heavy drain on their
treasury for the defence of comrades charged with
sedition or being in possession of banned literature, has exhausted their finances and so his committee appeals for help. "
The defence of Comrade Maepheraon of Trochu,
Alberta,.who was charged1 with having copies of
the "Western Clarion" on his premises, has cost
oyer three hundred, dollars, although he was acquitted; Comrade George Ta% an a P. of a
WmMfRBS i m?*0m I
now awaiting trial. He was arrested on February
tt. He waa charged,with haying written the foU
lowing words in a letter he pent to the D. E. C.
of the party in' Vancouver: "What in hell kind
of scapegoats are at Ottawa. In place of warding
bloodshed they are simply creating the possibilities of such." Thfa letter waa intercepted in the
mails. When his ease Was first brought into court,
only a copy of the letter was submitted as evi-
dence and to thfa his lawyer successfully objected.
His case fa now remanded awaiting the arrival of
tne original. Comrade Paton was also charged with
having on his premises a copy of a banned Socialist
magazine, called the "Class Struggle," a magazine which circulates freely in the United States,
but which the autocrats in Ottawa have deckled
is unfit for consumption by the slaves of capital
in Canada.
.Comrades and friends, please help those boys
in Alberta to carry on the fight for yMr comrades in the clutches of "Order-te-oouneiP' Jurisprudence.     <   \ .'.'     , [:K\
Forward remittances to J. F. Maguire, Ban 785,
Edmonton, Alberta.   < ,^^M - - ,'
 —' -T-
PAPEB BTJLLETS
[Part of an article in the Now York Dial of
February 8, by Robert Herrick.]
Much of all this shooting of paper bullets has
had merely negative results. Bussia is an excellent
example Of how much can be spent on propaganda
with no result. Not to dwell on the fruitless efforts
of the official. United States propagandists to get
their,, wares)MfJMj. and,'.what,;atfeet could
there be in telling the Russians how henevolentiy
we felt towards them white we were sending troops
ta. Vladivostok snd Archangel?—the general En-
tcflte propaganda on Russia has been especially
bewildered. The object of thfa campaign in tho
United States was to create a state of public opin-
ion that would compel immediate armed intervention in a large scale in Russia, which was desired
especially by England and France. To that end
our newspapers were regularlyvfed wfth| reports
from Stockholm, Paris, and London, of Soviet
atrocities. The same storksI.wer*^^;,|re^uentiy;re.
peated as fresh news after abort intervals, Finally
came the ludicrous yarn of a St. Bartholomew
massacre in Moscow—which proved to be pure
hoax. The German end was worked. by inducing
Our official Bureau of Public Information to father
the discredited Sisson documents in order that
the nnwary ekfaen might be led to believe that
many's allies, and hence Germany. Meanwhile alternate currents of fear and hope worn sent over
tho propaganda wires by two general reports: one
'  t the rule of the Bussian Soviets would col-
A
The following
tors of th* Red
the Populaire (Paris) of January
The committee for the Defence Of International
Socialism desires with moat sorrow ful emotion to
honor the hemic death of Karl Liebnecht and Boon
Luxemburg, martyrs of the cause of labor and
Socialism*
The proletariat of the World mourns the b
these two great champions of the liberation
exploited masses for whom they lived
wnom they died. The workers will forever
the memory of them fighters in the German revolution, as they do the memory of the fighters
of the  Russian revolutions, tho Psris Commune,
and all proletarian movements. Their sacrifice will
stimulate the energy of the international working
class which will carry on with more seal than ever
its efforts for the social revolution.      "
Signed: Jean Longuet, Mutral, Mayeras. Fros-
sard. Paul Faure, Verefeuil, Maurin, Souvarine,
Mart he. Bigot, Amedee Dunois, Daniel Renoult,
Mouret. Orandvallet, Reberset. Dupont. Lavignc,
Servantier, Oourdeaux, Ratine, Millerat.
The editors of the Populaire join in thfa resolution.
I
• '
■
Vi
al
[From   an   article  by  Wm.   Gallacher  entitl-
"The Spirits of War," In '*fbe Worker," January  18th, Organ of the  Scottish  Workers Committee.] . '-
Millions for the bosses I It sounds Well, doom
it?? Millions for the bosses. Twelve and six a
for a soldier's wife! ,
Because they were afraid of trouble they raised
unemployment benefit to 29 shillings for men ani
25 shillings for women. It isn't too much, not by
any means, for according to the balance sheet of
the Paisley Co-operative Society, it costs 294 per
honfe for foo4 alone,
29(4 to feed a horse for a week I      '^^mmL%
29|- for the worker and his wife. %
$51? for an unemployed girl, and 12]6 for a soldier's wife. Its a beautiful system of society, fan11!
itf S)ioke yourself, my friend, or if you are incapable of doing it, ask your neighbor to do it for
you, and see that it fa done thoroughly. You have
never stood by the boys Who were doing the fighting, you allowed them to be slaughtered by the
thousand without protest, your only concern being
to keep secure yourself. You allowed their women
folk and children to he starved end exploited and
cheered the men 'who piled up profits out of their
agony. ..■:;■ y- :y ,   ..• v ■ .     .    ■  ^<
; Bound to the machine or bench with the ehgnto
of prejudice and fear, you were unable to itts»*
a blow for your Own or their deliverance. Weak
and helpless you were, because the enemy was organised and powerful. Yehrforce*wem^Wmmi'
ami divided over the whole field of industry.
But now the trumpet call has sounded. The call
for unity. The miners load the way and look with
confidence to you to follow. Stretch your limbo
and burst the bonds that have held you too long
In thrall, sweep away the mists of capitalism that
obscure your sight, hiding from you the beauty
and glory of the world that lies around you, and
clear-eyed and courageous step boldly forwsrd to
vour. place lb the ranks of the fighting srmy of
loner.  -        I '■ ■■■/
-.
lapse "in a fewNareeks*'; the <*l»er, that the
^1^ Amy" was making .m*&^.Pi$&
(Ihem
*'V^:
two reports side by akte^in the
fused J) the net reshlts of the whojle Immense,
wasteful and misleading propaganda on Bnaata
would seem, at the present moment to he tern.
meeting, Empress  Theatre,* every
,ei3L
 —IN, March 7.—The Russian Balsas
vik government agreed hi February, lflfl, to denounce the Brest-LHovsk treaty aha rmume tho
war aaainst Germany, if the United States and
f% !_a    "**   aaf*A.*        i . n,ail at       - -     -      -      ^.^.    n aa  ■ aj SjOlii in        ^   ■  -  •*
ure»t Dnutn wimuo evnura eo opcTraofli, WMjmvnm
Robbins, former head of the American Bed Cram
»•   11      i.   Wiaarfa   faatMaJI lmffit^ tkai Slanata mm
*^*SaaWauawaa    esi    a^F^a^aawaaaa   a^^a^owaw^^iai    a^^^ava^a^    USaaW    aa^^Walaw'ara'    aj^^^aw^
mittee investigating Uwlms propaganda.
atr. icoaossa aaso tna* uospsto ma emorm ami
those of B. A. B. LoeMtert, high eommfationar, to
mram mow gDVanaaaaarc lm BglVS aO aaaji praya^aa,
no word wm received by March 14, when Lenmo
said he was coavineed no help could be expected
andmducedHme sll^uswsn Soviet to ratify the
treaty l^^^pf^^f^Si3
'l43PE •' ■*'m
THE R£D FLAG
=t-;
THE WORLD MADE SAFE FOR DEMOCRACY
rTOOK four years to reach the stage of things
accomplished; of glorious pages added to the
tomes of history; blood spilt has amounted to
snore than a little; misery, Buffering and starvation reigned in places during these weary yean,
luxury and gluttony in others; the slaves toiled
unceasingly and the masters of life "orated incessantly and now Demos gathers his skirts around
him and gasea on a smiling world?
At least so we are informed by the" seers of
Fleet Street and Herald Square. The Hun has been
blasted in his lair; and being the repository of
all that waa evil, in contradistinction to our modest
selves in whom are embodied the good, the true
and the beautiful, it naturally follows that we
arc now living hi s world of justice, honor, love
ami several other things the names of whieh the
writer has for the moment forgotten.
Unfortunately for the success Of the capitalist
atory-tellers, little breaks appear in the beautiful
scenarios, designed in the press rooms where our
friends of the fifth estate perform their arduous
but profitable duties. Headlines force themselves
Into the picture in spite of all efforts to eliminate
BRITISH MINERS HAVE BIO STICK
LQNDON, March 6—Failure to grant miners*
demands will result in a general strike of the
"triple alliance" which wfll paralyse British industries and probably force a change in the government of the Transport Federation, declared
today.
"The Triple Alliance" is the common term for
the transport workers, railwaymen and miners.
Williams' organization alone numbers close to
300,000.
PAGE FlVaT
i'r       ,' aa»
In France the collection of Stone Age fossils
known ss the Peaee Conference fritters its time
away in a vain effort to got somewhere; the participants have so many petty quarrels of their
own to settle that the object of tho gathering has
almost been forgotten. Outside the walls of the
Versailles Palace, democracy reaches out its bony
Angers, through the octogenarian, Clemeneeau, to
strangle the efforts of the French rail way-workers
to secure a settlement of claims pending since last
autumn. •. .
.',. The Gorman prototype of Demos sits enthroned
In Weimar, keeping in touch.with the outside
world through tho agency of its aeroplane ser-
unication   being
to hold up their end with their fellow
democrats in other lands. Liebnecht and Luxemburg are names that bear lasting and indisputable
In all the other countries of Europe the condi-
<P£p^S^S» -*5w»- -. >a^mmmmjmRjgaBjaVuj-. . jpmfmrju?     ^ammmmmmjuvjiip     U|r\"ii      UlTJ
cessation of hostilities give the lie to our mentors.
Italy la being hold off, by the mom powerful armies
and navies of her democratic allies, from launching
iHfi^Hr* 'fl^^T^^^.:/r^™ ^wmT: ^wmmmm.^ ■■ p .saiMai m;  m j ,■."■1 ■mrnm^m' "^^^p
her forces anas more Into tho throoi -lit another
Jugoslavs this time. Republicans
face each other in grim and mor-
Peninsula with the Bel-
intervals; hi fact the press
reports indicate that the Bolsheviki had control
In Lisbon two weeks ago.
Of America we need say nothing further than
mat, "He kept us out of the war." No not Hanson.
VUsoul  .;.-••
None of these peoples .however, ham the least
fieense to lay any claim whatever to the blessings
of democracy when compared to that little island
a happy aHogoiy in the fleeting, momenta intervening betwaen one trade dispute and another.
to Since the signing of the armistice, labor
In the Old Country have monopolized tl
pages of our daily papers to the detriment of
other events, epoehmaking in their own way but
fondsmentslly of secondsry consideration. London,
Belfast and Glssgow provided us with out morning sensation for several weeks and now that the
mmoke of battle has cleared away, with the facts
torero us we are again compelled to give voice
to our admiration for the profession that labels
Itself "journalist" >
like all the rest of the "news" peddled by our
great "free press" the skeleton was supplied by
vne stents una as uDneanon ox ine complete
story was the work of the fsjiigfait*t woeosses
tn me mind of some prostitute peany-a-lmcr; some
animal of like eaHbre to those who fill in the
blanks In our morning papers m the
Speaking of Glasgow; they have a chief
t rate in that city of alums, who as i
can give points to Mr. Ole Hanski of Seattle or
even Vancouver's Mr. Fivecent Gate. A strike Involving 80,000 men was in progrcs in Glssgow,
the forty-hour week being tho point at issue. This
Provost, Stewart by name, took upon himself the
job of settling the whole matter. He communicated
with the government and invited the strikers to
come to the city chambers at a. apeelflod time
where he would acquaint them with the result of
his endeavors
At the time stated, between 30,000 and 40.000
men. women and children gathered to hear the
decision of the Higherups. While a delegation
waited on him inside the building, the police, who
bad been kept handy were turned loom on the
crowd. The strikers were unprepared for anything
of this sort, notwithstanding the assertions of the
press agencies, that they came armed with a carload of broken bottles. This carload of bottles was
a gift from the Gods. During the course of the
scrap, a mineral-water wagon appeared on the
scene. The police up to this point carried everything before them but now met with some resistance and the result was that nineteen or twenty
of them were shipped to the hospital in a more/or
less broken up condition. The working clsss know
too wfll the power of the state to imagine that
it can be offset by broken bottles, but the circumstances demanded that they defend themselves
and they had to make the most of the weapons
they found to hand.
When the deputation hoard the noise of the
fighting in the streets, they rushed downstairs only
to bo mot at the doorway by a well organized
body of stalwarts, apparently selected for the pur-
pom of manhandling them. Of hearse they were
beat up. One'of these men, by the^ray, ia en old
friend of Lloyd George. Most of ns remember the
historic meeting in Glasgow three years ago when
David Kirkwood introduced Lloyd George in the
following words: "This is Mr. Lloyd George,"
"he hat Came to speak to us on the dilution of
labor, but I want to tell him that every word
he utters wfll be treated with suspicion for ovary
act with whieh his name has been* connected carries with it the taint of slavery." This •earn David
Kirkwood was one of the men arrested after being
nearly failed. Ho now Urn in jail waiting trial
for inciting to riot and tho greatest premier of
all time is suitably avenged.
Investigation afterwards showed that the authorities were excellently prepared. Them is no
doubt that the affair was prearranged. The city
chambers, an ordinary business block for the trans,
action of the city's financial and other clerical
activities, was crowded with doctors and nurses,
'/ith all the impedimenta of their trade; mounted
and foot police ware placed at every vantage point,
inside and outside the building, sll ready for the
word go.
Before the day waa over the troops eome rolling
in to take control of the city; naked bayonet and
steal helmet, f"*%t gun and tank paraded the
streets on the following day and Glasgow might
-ham bam srlstahou for Cologne. Civic inceptions
am part of the routine work of tho provost and
tine one wfll be remembered. It reminds us of an
occasion when the workers of Russia waited on
their Little Father, who iceaUcd mem after me
same fashion. Where is the little Father today?
And R is only fifteen years ago!
In furtherance of our dahn that In Britain tho
benefits of democracy are mom widespread than
elsewhere, more tangible, more real, more in line
with what we fought for in the war, we wfll quota
the following passsge from the Glasgow Socialist:
"As an example of what capitalism is prepared
•o do to tke event of * Ho: see "Air Ministry
We, i it Orders " 1380-1».-" just i»ued.\
An Astounding Order
This precious publication of 34 pages, For Of-
ficisl Use Only, and "promulgated for information,
guidance and necessary action," Is about as diabolical a piece of British militarist frightfulness as
one could possibly road.
In par. 1386, headed Biota and Civil Commotion," the attention of all Air Form officers and
men k directed to tho. Amendments to King's
Regulations contained on pages 23-4—"These am
to be carefully studied"
laming to said pages, we And that Order 161
of King's Regulations is amended to mad as follows:
In the event of a disturbsnee amounting to
a riot, the magistrate present with tho troops
will, if circumstances permit, read the Pro-* '
clamation under tho Blot Act and call on
everyone present to assist in suppressing tho
riot Whether the Proclamation hat been read  '
m net, ho wfll ss soon aa he comes to the eon-   '
elusion that the police cannot cope with tho
riot and that military action ia necessary, call
„   upon the officer to command of tho troops
to take action. No order to charge or fire
should be given until the magistrate has called   '
upon the officer to take action. An order to
fire, if given, is to ge given by the officer hi
command. •' .     >        *
Fellow workers, note I the King's Regulations
are being amended now to meet the growing unrest, proving that capitalism is preparing to meet
the revolution in this country and to fight it to
the death. From the above amendment H wfll Jo
observed that it is now no longer necessary or
•^JPAery^to roadie Biot Act before firing
a crowd. When you know how easily a "rl
csn be engineered by the agents of capitalism, you
wfll understand the value of this sinister "amendment." '/*
Regulation 962 now reads-
Full and distinct warning must be given to
the rioters that the troops are about to Are
and that mo fire will be effectual! The officer
in command wfll, if time permthy asfienlt with
the magistrate present as to the best
°*' gryism>aueh warning.
Of course, hi such events, time never ,
mit. but even an srmy officer's gorge might rise
if the slime were missed out That the fire wfll
undoubtedly be "effectual" is evidenced by the
amendment to number 966. Reader! fWnk of the
war to safeguard democracy from the callous Hun.
than try to picture a fiend, a malignant British
military dastard, sitting in his cosy office, and fat
the coldest of cold blood, penning amendment No.
■
!
'fkm
■
"It is undesirable that firing should take
plsce over the heads of the rioters, or that
blank cartridges should be used."
.   Undesirable! Good God! This is British. Remember   Nurse   Cavell!   Remember   Csptsin   Frystt I
Remember  all  the   greasy,   cant-reeking,   piety-
stinking parrot cries of the slimv patriots, and
admire  tho  clean,  straightforward,   and   honest
methods of the said patriots who can '
oOkdal use only—not to be eommnnleatod to anyone outside of HM. Forces. "
This is democracy, "of the people for the people." Tho bast thing about the word is that It
rhymes with "hypocrisy with which It seems to
be closely allied. With an the cant and humbug
dinned in our ears, bv professor president! and
Welsh wizards, it is refreshing to turn our gam
to the Now West where the Bussian workers
ham torn the mantle secrecy and the sceptre of
oppression from a decadent society and proelsimed
the Proletarian Dictatorship.
m
aiaasaaa •; .
' f    (      ! ... •       ■
B*
:
■
m
'
•':"'.#^
<'..•-»„.
PAGE FOUR
THE RED FLAG
I
THE RED FLAG
» i i        —
A Journal of News and Views Devoted to the
x '    Working Class.
Published When Circumstances and Finances Permit
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street East. Vancouver, B. C.
Editor  ,..„ C. Stephenson
SATURDAY....
March 8, 1919
I
All APPEAL TO THE WORKERS
Under the excuse of tho necessity of imposing
unanimity upon the people of Canada, ao that all
the forces of the country might bo concentrated
effectually for the winning of the war, a tyranny
has established itself, which, even though the war
has been over for some months, still refuses to
relinquish its strangle-hold on the community. Thfa
of course, need cause us no surprise, for it is in
the nature of tyrannies to fight to perpetrate
themselves. The whole history of clam*society
does not'record one instance of % renunciation
of power except under pressure. ty
During the war, a drastic censorship, of the
press was established, more particularly on the
press of the working class, both labor and Socialist.
Scientific works, especially those on political economy and sociology were forbidden publication,
or, as in the case of publications of Ghee. H. Kerr
& Co., of Chicago, prohibited from entering the
country, though allowed free circulation both in
the British Isles and the United States. Advantage
was taken of government ownership of the mail
service to open and confiscate mail and moneys
remitted, in ignorance of the censorship, for banned publications. Freedom of speech has been suppressed, and to accomplish this, placards, were
posted up all over the land, asking all the sundry,
to turn themselves Into spies and informers, with
thO result that thousands of people were arrested
and sentenced to heavy fines and long and cruel
a—va aaajj   \#a   aooeurum^^a-oaanarspeaomn ■■ *—■'" ~*- * ~^a!f-"*.- *.
Our soul deadening prisons are full of these men
and women convicted for their political opinions
and religious faiths and condemned to. rot physically and intellectually in segregation from their
families and friends and the amenities and cultural Hfrf—»«— of social life.
' The war fa over, the victory of loud heralded
democracy fa won, yet still the power-greedy oc-
tunus stretches out its tentacles- the police and
^ —mAr ***      aa>a^ai^pa»^^ai^^^aw      vw*      ^^^w       avw»w^»"»w|       ^m^^r^      Jrv^^av       ^^^^^^w
the ator. still hunting for the unorthodox en the
•■m    mjgay p    ■F^wawa*    aaa^am^Baaaaa^    aw* ■ ^^^v   . mmmavm _ .   v*»v^  ■ -*rm~ .   ■ ■ ■ ■
lonely prairie, in village, town and city.
Workersl It fa the men of your ohms who are
in Jail for speaking on your behalf or for convictions sake. It is the organisations of men of your
clam that are suppressed. It fa the press devoted
to your interests that has been strangled. It is the
literature that analyses and explains your problems that fa banned from the country. What are
yon going to do about itt
Again, again and again appeals ham been sent
to the authorities at Ottawa, for relief from them
oppressions, but all In vain.
These men in jail for faith and ideals can only
he freed by you. Only yon can bring them back
to famftfae and friends and social Ufa. Only yon
back to the community the proaieasive
oi ireeaom ox spoeon ana wriuen wora.
NEWSPAPER COHTBOL
Reading an article in the New York "Dial" of
February 8th, entitled "Newspaper Control," the
present writer was much struck with how well
the charges, frequently hurled at the press of
being "kept" and "controlled," were borne out
and substantiated in it
The author of the article. A. Vernon Thomas,
who at one time did work for tho Manchester
Guardian and for ten years, since 1907, was on
the staff of the Manitoba Free Press, baa a Journalistic experience which entitles him to apeak, as
one who knows. He deals specifically with the
great "flop over" of the Liberal proas in Canada
at the time of the conscription election of Da asm
her, 1917, and goes into a mass of detail Into
whieh we will not follow him ss it fa all old, old
history now. A decade of former oxfatanee fills
but a week these latter daya, ao mightily do the
gods of change hammer out events on the anvil
of time. Nevertheless, a quotation or two, in order
to get under way with our subject
. . . "Efforts put forth to split tho Libersl psrty
met with a large measure of success. Two methods
were in the main relied on. one the gaining of
control of the Laurier newspapers, and the other,
the raising of a' racial and religious issues. Never-
theless. first attempts to stampede tho Liberals
into the Union government fold were ill-starred."
. . "It was after these failures that strong influences were felt to be abroad for the control of
the Liberal newspapers." Mr. Thomas tells of the
desperate attempts nude to induce prominent liberals to enter the proposed coalition and of the
various unsatisfactory conventions, from the point
of view of the conscriptionists, held in various
parts of the country. All thfa time "Liberal papers,
which afterwards fell into line wem having their
daily Jest at Liberal leaders reported to be considering the offer of a cabinet position.'
But the silencing of
been explained. This belief persists hi Canada and
aas never more alive than at tho present ———» M
Thfa fa your pmlHIc". because it fa your historical
privilege to be the repository and nwtmssent of
all future social progress. Aasume tho responsibilities history has placed upon yea. Get them fellow workers of yours out of the haatiles of capitalism! Give us back freedom of speech gad press!
LONDON,. March 6.—The Batoum-Baku railway Ih the Caucasus fa to operation under Brit.
ish control and the British government fa taking
steps to prevent penetration of Bolshevism to Afghanistan **»d Indie.
Laurier was
e Liberals remaining
had much in it that
was comic. Observe how quickly the coldblooded,
calculating harpies of the press could change their
coats. "The transition from ridiculing Union gov-
e'nment to supporting it naa m some esses to oe
made in uncermonious haste and' under the rude
gam of astonished onlookers. Editorials supporting
I.anrier halted on the printing presses. Ottawa
correspondence favoring him stopped on the wires.
When it waa all over, Laurier. Prime Minister of
Canada through four successive administrations,
was without a newspaper proas in the English
provinces." And slso bo it noted without a pulpit.
Our journalist goes on to relate in detail the
vicious nature of the propaganda, from that time
on to the election, perpetrated by the renegade
press. Civil war was threatened. "Quebec has got
to be licked and it might as well be now as later.*'
"Intimidation of Laurier voters waa a general
condition. His right-hand men wem read out Of
public life forever by former Laurier organs. A
vote for Laurier was held up in the prom net
merely as the acme of disloyalty, but as a
of downright iniquity. The terrors of the
and the dead were threatened against
were willing to risk conscription on a
No chances were taken.". ■. ..,
He puts tho question. "What induced the
.era! papers of Canada to forsake Sir Wilfrid
Laurier t Waa it simply an honest change of opinion t Had the reasons whieh prompted"' them
strongly Jo condemn conscription in 1916 disappeared ijpnt"
"Personally," he says. "I do not believe that
an affirmative answer can honestly be given to
these questions." . . . "The quick and uncermonious switching from Laurier to the Union government which I ham described does not suggest
» a genuine change of heart, and many ether things
do net suggest it either. What waa it thent Frankly
T do not know, but I do know that ever since the
eieeuon mere naa oeen a profound eouvtetton sn
the minds of a large number of Canadians mat
something happened a year ago which km never
The author quotes the Winnipeg. "Voice" as
pointing out the visit of Northcliffe, the biggest
autocrat of the proas to tho world* to Ottawa.
coinciding with the beginning of tho frenzied election campaign. He also considers Lord Beaver
brook of unsavory "cement merger" fame as
strongly suspect. "Shortly after the Canadian general election, Prime Minister Lloyd George, to
the British House of Commons, spoke of the marvelous success whieh had attended the propaganda
work of Lord Beaverbrook," though not specify-
•ig to what "success" he had reference. Since
then several journals have bean earnestly protesting their journalistic honor and that they at least
were not "subsidised."
"Canadian newspapermen of standing with
whom I ham conversed recently, aasmod am that
the editors and editorial writers en the newspapers which deserted Laurier Were spiritually
coerced and yielded to influences which they found
irresistible. I pressed these Canadian Journalists
for a careful estimate of the proportion of editors and editorial writers who were, in their opinion, thus coerced and left Laurier reluctantly. They
assured me that it amounted to ninety per cent.. .
and they proceeded to name me editors and editorial writers who, to their opinion, would .beyond
question have supported Laurier bad they felt
free to do ao.
"I believe," he continues, "that in the foregoing I have revealed a condition of journalism
which is thoroughly unhealthy and under whieh
neither the press of Canada nor that of any other
country can truly serve the people. Just what, tho
solution fa I do not pretend to know." . . . According to the •Vancouver "Province," in a news
Rem, a few daya ago, an editor in Soviet Bussia,
on information being laid against him that he has
published a lie, is cast toto jail until he proves his
innocence. How would that do as a palliative until
the proletariat solve the problem by overthrowing
the proflt system, mpitarfaml **.i
Mr. Thomas closes tm actiois as follows: ''Since
I began thfa article a statement recently made in
the Westminster Gasette by Mr. J. A. Spencer, a
prominent British journslist, has come under ay
notice. I am disposed to think it throws some light
upon the Canadian situation. I will close by quoting it It reads as follows:
"The public would be astonished if it knew how
few writers am regularly engaged to political
journalism in those times and how little opportunity there is for the exercise of s free jnclgmaat
... During the thirty-three years during which
I have been connected with journalism I have seen
the power of the editor constantly diminishing
and the power of the proprietor constantly in-
•%■ X.-
»
of the vilest kind of propaganda, worthy
a rotten and dying form of society. The
of the Liberal prom marks the de-
pa; Liberalism, a once great historical
movement. The Socialist movement fa now the
firproaslon of forces seeking freedom,
'a torch had dropped * from piloted
But, out . of the mud and the mire,
it has been rescued and is bourne aloft, high, burning bright and clear before the victorious hosts
*rr'- - Jgva-amregu^smasmaa. ■. s^jvmsnmasmmM* j   .
m'
Feb. 28.—Thoughts of peace were dfa-
oy rears oi war yesterday in fans, when
the peace conference learned of the strained relatione between Italy and the Jugo-Slavian kingdom. Threats of hostilities wem so serious as to
require the immediate attention of the poem dale-
^■ja—jusaSa^p   ^^ ■^^'   ^^ sae sa ^apu^^nre^a»^^^av usy   ss
to bring the recalcitrants to
Propaganda
o'clock, at the
Sunday   evening   at   8
Theatre, corner Hastings THE RED FLAG
PAGE THREE
=
. *   (Continued from Page Two)
i i   mi,      i   i  ,1 li1      niii \  \ 'ii') =
occasion he describes bis hunt for a few postage
stamps to mail a manuscript to a publisher. And
thee, the eternal quarrels with the tradesmen,
whom he could not pay for the moot necessary
foodstuffs, not to mention the landlord, who was
threatening at any moment to send the sheriff into
his quarters, and his constant recourse to the
pawnshops, whose usurious interest rates would
destroy H£* last remnants of cash that might have
banished the phantom of care from his threshold.
Dame fare not only sat on his threshold, but
had even come in to share his board. His high-
minded wife, who had been accustomed from early
childhood to a life that waa free from care, could
not but waver under the sting* and arrows of
outrageous fortune, and wish that aha and her
children might be hi their graves. In his letters
•here is no lack of traces of domestic scenes, and
occasionally he says that them is no greater felly
possible for people of social tendencies titan to
get mirrted and thus land themselves over to the
petty cares of private life. But whenever her complaints would make him impatient, he had words
of excuse and justification for her; her sufferings
from the indescribable humiliations, tortures, and
terrors, which were connected with their position,
must be greater than his, especially since she has
not the possibility of seeking refuge in the realm
of science, which often serves him as an asylum.
It was very hard for both parents to see their
children deprived of the innocent joys of youth.
(To Be Concluded Next Issue)
tor 'every hussah'-a^ -•-    ■-' '• ;-*
"If representatives of the proletarians of all
countries could but clasp hands under the banner
of Socialism for the purpose of making peace,
then peace would be concluded in a few hours.
Then there will bo no disputed questions about
the left bank of the Rhine, Mesopotamia, Egypt
or colonies. Then there wfll ha only one people:
the toiling human beings of all races and tongues.
Then there will be only one right: the equality
of all. men. Then there wfll bo only one aha: prosperity and progress for everybody.   -
"Humanity is feeing the alternative: Dissolution and downfall in capitalist anarchy, or regeneration through the social revolution. Tho hour
of fate has struck. If you believe in Socialism,
at h| how time to show it by deeds. If yon am
Socialists, now ia the time to act.
"Proletsrisna of all countries, if we summon
you for s common struggle it is not done for the
sake of the German capitalists who. under the
label of 'German nation,' are trying to escape the
"W'sequenees of their own crimes; it is being done
for our sake as well ss for yours. Remember that
your victorious capitalists stand ready to suppress in blood our revolution, whieh they fear as
they do their own. Ton yourselves have not become any freer through the 'victory,' you have
only become still more enslaved. If your ruling
classes succeed in throttling the proletarian revel ut ion in Germany, and to Bussia, then they
will turn against yon with redoubled violence.
Your capitalists hope that victory oyer us snd
AGAINST FOREIGN BA1
low the Allied intervention X
sia a "United Socialist Front," is best seen from
the following manifesto recently issued by tho
Social Revolutionary Party: "Thtjstrugglelof the
Social Revolutionaries " against Bolshevism was
directed agaiu.it a power which was in direct contact with the German oppressors of Russian democracy, but at present, after the defeat of Germany
and in view of the fact that the intervention in
Russia by the victorious powers is assuming more
and more the character of assistance given by the
bourgeoisne, it hat become necessary for us to
abandon the struggle against the Bolsheviki." The
Social Revolutionaries were the strongest party in
the constituent assembly and before the Bolshevist
revolution had the faigeat following among the
peassnts-New York "Nation," Feb. 22.
THE l«BniCnTLE8 OF DEMOCRACY   AND
PROLETARIAN DICTATORSHIP
■wTy
(Continued from Page One)
':/■,",i." H1 i ■ '
low that history always affords it the opportunity for attaining thfa happy consummation.
There is nothing in the Marxiin theory to warrant
the deduction that history always creates such conditions as are most "favorable" to the proletariat.
It is difficult to tell now how the course of tho
revolution would have n.n If the constituent assembly had been convoked In its second or third
■§>■<'
m'
$i*
AN AP^EAi (fa TH$ "SPARTACUS" GROUP
'"    ...        (Continued[from Page, One)
ii ■ ■    ■ r;     f'lifcVrii   h in ■liirii'"'■ ii     '<   uii" n'1..,] V ■       ■■ |  ■.'.
V     I II I i ■      ■  -  ■   ■   ' "
*3    ..,,;.    i..„ '■ ■'   ,J ■    ., ,       ^^ ,,,.f.   ;   ., ,    , /y ....    ,   ,   /
'understanding,' it knows only one, right—capital's profits; it knows only one language—the
s-.-.ord; it knows only One method—violence. And
iaJSi *linfcfBfty Mf^*^^ i^LJssffltyiy' fa'your*;'a*
^BwPWours, about the 'league of'Nations,' 'disarmament,' 'rights of small nations,' 'self-determination of the peoples,' it is merely using the
customary lying phrases of the rulers tor the
purpose of lulling to sleep the watchfulness of
the proletariat.     :       ■       ' $    mm V'    ■:>'}
"Proletarians of all countries! This must be the
last war! We owe that to the -twelve million
nnrdered victims, we "owe mot to. our children,
we owe that to humanity.  :
"Europe has been ruined by this damnable
slaughter. Twelve million }SmllPW^ ]0w5"grew-
tome scehes of this imperialistic crime. The flower
of youth and the best man power of the peoples
have beeH mowed down. Uncounted productive
forces "have been annihilated. Humanity is almost"
ready to bleed to death from the unexampled
blood-letting of history. Victors and vanquished
smnd at the edge of the abyss. Humanity is
threatened with famine, I^i#|» of the entire
mechanism of produetion, plagues and degeneration. .      ^ ^-,: -i'.      ''/•■■
"The great criminals of this fearful anarchy,
of this unchained chaos—the rnling classes—are
not able to control their own creation. The besst
of capital that conjured up the hell of the world
war is incapable of banishing H, of restoring
toiT order, or insuring bread and work, peaee
and crrillsation. justice and liberty, to tortured
humanity.
"What is being prepared by the rnling classes
•J peace and Justice lis only a new work Of brutal
foree from whieh tho hydra, of oppression, hatred
and freiflX (bloody wars raises Ha thousand heads.
"Socialism ajonc'fa, to, a noajtion to "^wSj*
fhc great work of permanent peace, to heal the
Ih^osand wounds from Which hnmanlty !• Weeding, to transform the plains of Europe, trampled
down by the passage ot the apocryphal horseman
of wan into otossommg gardens, to conjure up
fen moduetive forces for evjey one destroyed, to
awaken all the physical and ntoiil energies of
humanity ,and to replace hatred and
and fraternal  solidarity, harmony,   and
month. It is quite probable that the then dominant
over revolutionary Russia wfl) give them the power g^, Revolutionary and Menshevik parties would
to scourge you with a whip of scorpions and to   nave ^p^^ themselves together with the
erect the thousand-year empire of exploitation
upon the grave of Socialism.
"Therefore the proletariat of Germany looks
toward you in this hour. Germany is pregnant
with the social revolution, but; Socialism can only
be realised by tae proletariat of; the world,
"And, therefore, we call to you: 'Arise for the
.jsjtaaggle. Arise for action.. The time for empty
manifestos, platonic resolutions, and high-sounding words is gone! The hour of action has struck
for ihe totematiohalJ'.We a«k you] to eleet Workers' snd SoWiers* Councils everywhere that will
the party
Sbrity. But
Thtefemi
seiio political power,,and, together mlft.p:w%-"k^)fr the formal frames of democracy by sheer
mstoro peace, ftiteiiial force.
« Net poyd Geoogc and Fetoeere, not Sonnino, ^ pI^etarlat avow wearmy sad the poaaahtry
W|l^ and Braberger or, geheWeniann, must be .iter It These classes were in a state of direct
allowed to make peace. Peace most; be concluded «# hmer way wim th* Bight Social Bovolution.
nnder the waving banner:,e| jthe Socialist world ;*ts.  This party,  owing to  the  clumsy electoral
revolution.                         ^bfeij              ~ democratic   machinery,   received   a   majority   in
^Proletarians of all countries! We call upon yon fyg eonst^enir osmmbly, tweeting the prSOe-
to complete the work of Soeiali>t .liberation, to wbej epoch of the >^¥Hhimm^llk^'tmM^m^ m
give a human aspect to the «effgured world and contradiction   which wm   al^nteiy   fa*edw«n>te
to make true those words with whieh we often Av?thin the Ittutt* Of formal democracy. And only
greeted each other in the old days and whieh wo political pedants who do not take into account
song as we parted: ''And the totenmtionale shall the revo!ntionarv)logic of class relations, can, in
>w
be the human race!"
lit. sH m»m*KM\JMVKMf
MEBNECHT,
"FRANZ MEHRING."
Three of these great fighters for the social revolution ham how passed away. Bed Bom Luxemburg, beaten to death by a bourgeon mob, Karl
Liebneeht also by violence, while the aged scholar,
has died from the effects of im-
And now word eome* to us that Klsra
Betkin is also dying from the same cause. Thus
four of the moat prominent of the original group
of Sparteeans are out of the fight
And yet, as though to confound the great man
(bourgeois) theory of the preponderating influence
«#   awwaamf    4ma£WUwaa}t<4laUau   *-aa.   om^samml    a^^uWaweaaJsgef■   gtiwl
uca    |a a^a^ane*    a^arsma waaaaswwsiaja^a^av   ^a*oa    m^a^OM^a^s^    a^aaaa ▼ vawsaaaf    ^■••^*
on the eowrse of history, the movement of the
revofunetmry proieiansx gams stisiigm oay vj
day. instead of i iiTlailahia flaslhhi proof that that
method of intoveaeting history fa a bewrgoofa fallacy.
Tan   •Miliillaahtii   Inloipiotallisi" apptied to
•^l^aSjaOaaaW    aSahiMBaWai   #mama4V    a^aUawBiaul    ^aa\^aaW4^Ba«iaMSaeaa     SlWsa%
aMWTj   afJVwH  wHspI mWMM*   afsTVTCHscBUI  ITM
pmdueta end ham their source in the
i laillihaUHiMlfii mi
toe  face   of  the  post-October  situation,   deliver
;  futile lectures- to thh pmletarist on the benoflta
*.   . '   and advantages of democracy for the cause of tho
'        cTaes struggle.   |
i'; ',.^" '       The question was put by history far more concretely and sharply. The constituent assembly, owing to the character of its majority, was bound to
turn over thi government to the Chenov, Ker-n-
s!;y and Tseretelli group. Could thfa group have
guided the destinies of the revolution! Could it
have found support in that data which constitutes Use backbone of the  revolution? The teat
kernel of mi class revolution hss eome Into ir~
reaecteiteble conflict with fas democratic shell. By
this situation the fate of the constttuent assembly
had been sealed. Its dfasblution becsme the «wK
paorlMi  surgical remedy   for  the   contradict 5«n^
wWeh had been created, not by us, but by all tla
of events.
..    *•'•,   .■'..    ■■ .;■"
..*, <*
—r
=-
i
■    I
■
■ ri
V
constituent assembly, in tile eyes of not only tho
more active elements supporting the Soviets, but
also of the more backward democratic masses,
who might have been attached, through their expectations not to the side of the Soviets, but to
that of the constituent assembly. Under such cir-
ution of the eonetitueetf a*- ;
led to new elections, in which
d have secured a maim of events has occurred iu
of the revolution. By that time
had assumed such intensity that
■  :
'^au
ate mom rospoxative to and capable of ei pi easing
the needs of their tfam than their fellows. Be aav
aaaMaV ataaO. Sal 4%ias a^aa^aof  mm la til ntVs* MaaMti
tias luiens use of wshiiaiTiii Soeialfam am iaox- *
laltttHIre awl mot -the main course of the prole-
unsi aweumoo so power caniayi> oe oawnea vj
the fall of prominent persouantfas at any tfam. *     .
PAGE TWO
THEBmm*GL
i
Karl Marx
The following two chapters are from a new book
hjrf ranx Mehring entitled "Karl Marx. Gcaehichtc
seines Lebens," intended as a eoutirohOou to the
hundredth anniversary of Marx's birthday, (May
5, 1918).
The book is written with both admiration and
criticism for the great subject, and both qualities
are needed to a good biography, aa Mehring points
out in his foreword. Comrade Bom Luxemburg
has contributed a masterly bit from her pen: the
portion dealing with the second aaa third volumes of "Capital," which forms the third section
of Chapter XII. Another brave woman who baa
fought in the front ranks of the proletariat, Comrade Clara Zetkin, "the heiress of the Marxian
spirit," fa she to whom the book fa
§g§
11
genius hss acquired
always disappeared, however, aa soon aa
hae undertaken to act on tta own autho
rock of St. Helena has then been fas
if genius consents to don the frock coat of the Philistine, it may rfae to the position of a Qann^jPtml
Saxon Minister of State at Weimar, or a Professor at the Royal Prussian University at Berlin.
But unhappy fa the lot of tho genius who, to
proud independence and inseeeaaibility, opposes
bourgeois society, ptopawaytog its downfall oa
the basis of its own' inner atrueture, forging the
weapons whieh'are to inflict a death-blow on thfa
society. For such a genius, hencgaofa society baa
only reeks gad tortures, whieh msy, to ho sure.
seem fern savage to the external eye than the
crucifixion of the ancient world and the "auto da
fe" of medieval society, but are to reality much
omore cruel. /
Of all the geniuses of the lQth century, none suffered so cruelly under the tortures of thfa lot
then Karl Marx, the moat inspired of them all.
He was obliged to struggle with the sordid cams
of daily life even in the very first decade of his
public activity, and when he settled to London
he entered upon the life of an exile with its worst
burdens, but his truly Promethean lot cannot be
said to have begun until, after a painful ascent
to his prime, in the full flourish of his manly
energy, he was daily assailed by the petty troubles
of life, by the depressing worries as to bfa daily
bread; and this lasted for years and for decades!
Up to the day of his death he did not succeed to
establishing himself to the domain of bourgeois
even to the moat rudimentary sense. -
yet, his mode of life was far removed from
what a Philistine may be inclined to termi in the
generally accepted dfareputaole^Bensc of the' wpf^
"the life of a genius." His diligence was as tremendous as his strength; early in life his Iron eon-
in began to be undermined by the excessive
and niehts. Incapacity for labor
to be the dcam aentosfao of any
waa more than an animal, anf he meant
words to dead earnest; once, having been
ill for several weeks, he wrote
1. GENIUS AND SOCIETY
Tlthough it may be said that Marx found a
second home in England, the term "home" must
not here be understood with too wide a connotation. He was never in any way molested in England because of his revolutionary activity, and
yet England was often the object of bfa attacks.
The government of the "greedy and envious na-
' tion of shopkeepers", waa inspired by a greater
degree of self-respect and self-consciousness than
those continental governments, whieh, terrified
by their evil consciences, send the darts snd
javelins of the police after their opponents even
when the latter are active only in the fields ot
dismission and nronaaanda.
In another, profounder aejaee, however, Marx
found it impossible to regard any country as his
home, onee he had learnt to read in the very pool
of oourgeois society, with his divining eyes. The
lot of genius in that social system fa a long story,
it haa given rise to the most varied opinions;
the  innocent faith in  God,  Which is the
s and which promises final victory to
all true genius, to Faust's melancholy reflection:
Those fey* who ever had a topee of fa,
Apd in tbefirfoUy bid H ae*r
Revealed their souls, their visions to the rabble;
the cross, the stake, have .been their certain lot.
. The  historical
ment to Marx
thfa field too. The
a Anal victory, simply
put whenever a real
or burnt at the stake, it
the genius finally consented to become a Philistine. Had they net been attached by their bourgeois wigs to the social system of their time, Goethe
and Hegel would never have become recognized   money, but that he must make money in order to
''groat men" of bourgeofa aocioty. be able to work; Marx never underestimated the
Whatever may be the merits of bourgeofa society, "imperative necessity of earning one's tiring."
Whieh, to thfa connection, must hi regarded only But all his exertions were of no avail against
aa the most developed form of claaa system, and the suspicions, the hatred, or, in the moat favor-
however numerous these merits may be, it certainly able case, the foam, of a hostile world. Even those
cannot be said that thfa society over afforded a German publisher, who wished to emphasise their
safe refuge for genius. An* it would be impos- independence were afraid of the name of this disable for bourgeofa society to play thfa part, for
the very nature of genius implies the opposition
spirit, to established tradition, and collating with
^^^ST™"*W^g'.    w^^ v ^^^^a^^^^^^a^wni^aa t ww aanaiBiB^nF^wai     ^awa^aa    ^^a^w^aaaai^^^^Baa      ^» •»••
the barriers mat are nenomaiy to the ejJstoaee
of class aocioty. There fa a tittle lonely ehureh-
rd on the island of Syti, in the North Sea, and
harbors the unknown dead washed sabers by
the waves, and the cross standing to tho churchyard beam the inscription: "The cross of Golgotha fa a homo of the homeless." To he sane
it waa silt Intended to thfa inscription to indicate
the let of genius to a class ruled aocioty, yet tike
has been wall stated to them words
for each article. Thfa
uual income of
nave enabled Marx to
in London. P^aJBgisth, who Warn ao fssf^ss to
boast that he wm eating the "beefateak of exile"
in London, waa not at first paid for hia business
activity.
And of course, no dnuenlty wm rafaod m to the
question whether the fee received by Msrx from
the American paper eonaapajgded to the Htoragy
and sctontiaV ratoaof km esgftfentoaa. iTSL
talfat nowaatoier aUaOaaatas. oa ■arhat nafane. had
in bourgeois society it haa ovary tight to do so.
Marx never required more than this, but he might
reasonably have asked, oven to hernial
a fulfilment of the terms of the cont raet
his work.1** the Tribune and its puTuoher
showed not a tram of them qualities. Theoretically,
to be sure, Dean wm a Founerist, hut practically
he was a hardheaded Ysnkee; hfa fluufalana, according to oaf angry declaration of Bngels,
-amounted simply to the lousiest petty bsnrgeofa
cheating. Although Dana knew very well how
valuable a contributor Marx wm and made liberal
use of Marx's name to hfa subacrtoera, whamiar
he did not print Marx's letters as the products of
hfa own editorial activity — and thfa occurred
rather often ami never failed to arouse Marx's
righteous indignation—he made use of every manner of brutality to which a cagemBat can resort
in hfa rotations with a source of labor-power
that he is exploiting.
He not only reduced Marx to half pay whenever
business waa tow, but actually only paid for thorn
articles which he really printed, and had the
effrontery to throw into his waste-paper basket
everything that did net suit hfa i»wmeatary purpose. For three weeks, for six weeks, to
srion, Marx's oMfooafflmg isdilht tfctii thfa
sure, tne ie    uerman   ewapapen nose
columns Marx's contributions   found   tiamuiatj
asylum, such ss the Wiener Prams, did net treat
aaJaaaaa.  ''''ha"' ai agt'aaiaa ' '     matL.    " .'JLLZL —      it M         —a,-   -1 a—1          '_. - _a.
mm oener. tie was xnereiore aoaotuiaiy correct
in hfa statement thst in newspaper work ha farad
worm than any apaeo aiitoi. f,?
Already to 18f| he tohged tor a tow months of
to learned investigation.   "It
HI
Theory
schmicre." And in apite of all his eagerness for
study, Marx remained aver mindful of hfa own
work to order to teefce
aaa%aaaaflla<aai^taialtiih
haveT All this news
am|: whenever
of hfa position forced their way through the mfata
of deception, it waa killed byf fpt malicious
treachery of aystematie silence. Never has a nation bom ao completely and for so long a period
deprived of a knowledge of its greatest thinker.
Tho only connection that might have enabled
Mam.to secure a comparatively Arm footing in
London was his work as a contributor to the New
York Tribune, whieh covered a full decade, be-
to 1861, The Tribune, with its 200,000
wm then me weahhiest and moat widely
circulated newspaper of the United States, and,
faeroantto. fl
; you are
scribbling
time, distracts me,
after all? Be as indcpeaatont as
bound to your paper ami to fas
if you are paid in cash, as I am:
studies are quite a different matter." And how
much more savage were Marx's
he had worked 'for: several
Dana's gentle away: "It fa to truth disgusting to
be uiuitisaaawid to regard fa aa a piece of good fortune to be printed in such a rotten ahect Breaking bones, grinding them, ami making soup of
them, Bke the paupers to the womhouac, mat to
all that your political work, of which you get
more than yon want to ouch a buafaess, amounts
to" Not only in hfa scanty sustenance, but particularly in the absolute inaeenrfty of his mJ0r9
exfateacp, Marx fully shsred the lot. of the modern
Things of which we formerly had only too moat
general notions am shown wfth the most heart-
rtnding clearness in hfa letters to Engols; ho once
had to remain indoors because he had norther
shoes nor a coot suitable tor street wear; another
time, he lacked the ton* pence necessary to buy
writing paper or a aenapapoi to read; on a third
(Continued on Pago Three)
homeless in the elass system; fa such a system through fas agitation to favor of
iu home fa only on toe eroes of dotgatha ism. it had at least raked itself above the level
Of course, the Cam fa altered if genius earn eome of mere eapitarktk money-making. And me con-
to some agreement with eteas Society. Whenever ditiona under whieh Marx was to work far the
'it has placed fas services at the disposal of the Tribune were not exactly unfavorable; he was to
bourgeofa, to order to oreitiuoa feudal society, write two article* a week and to get ten dollars
MADRID. Feb. 28.—The cabinet resolved
to suspend constitutional guarantees throughout
Spain, as the result of syiidfaalfam (beuef to
svmmthetie sbdkesV The svusuealfats
to ham captured practically me entire
Oa^Ca%lDaUflOa»    CaV    ^00
Sara .... ■
TBS PRDKHPLES OF DEMOCBACT AMD PROLETARIAN DICTfATOBaQDP
**«—n»»   ,    *1*"l..™pTr
'    J'
<&mr®&
of Nam and
'lews De**ed to the Interests of the Wm
^""V iiiM "Wft' '* ,">"i;" " f1' ->f'iiTi'ifli"j «  iMtf,"*
..JagamamajBf ,
■^^fnd]*TlT
VANCOUVE1, SATURDAY,MABCH S, MUf
r  ■   , 'i ii    "iti i    ' ""faYi ,>;,, ",toi\,i 'i .
of
n ."
tempo r
"■A:"'-: '.*-i,-''5f».
8 MABXIST8, wo hem never bea% ilea- $• B^nHam TSPP^T ■,- -'of denjeirane^coarfa^ueast had turned
of formal dawaeeroay. a a ea>     ' n.# .,  tuti^ --    emment over to me party of Kerensky
elory of iliiiii, ^spiisatfa mstitntfam not only the Right Socfal Revolutionists lost the*Jam vmo ™v, such %|#9l
The propertied etomas clwaya ham at tiaato dto th. e|s*ttpm^^ forn^aTly oh«ge4 them to   ^/would be overthrown by a new
hundreds of mean, of falsifying, form a^ffmrnment., The working class,  as well    few weeks. The Soviets decided to redo,
wflL of th»Jtofe*. -tto Bad (Msds, were very ho-Ule to the party   lated hiaterical expertoeat to fo low
a still mm of Mght. Sodai .tevototioiifa^ ^
•ftheetes. pi,..midjemtssjppmipditm^
Stances. Marx tionarv  element  in  the provinces divided their    .For thfa, our party haa been moat severely
cejssd mvototioisa •'the loeomotfam of history." sympathies between  the Left  Social Bevolution-   apmd. The dispersal of the constituent I *
Owtog t^ the open ansi direct smuggle for power ists and tiie Bolsheviki.   The   sailors,   who  had   has also created a decidedly unfavorable
the working people acquire a«a«a> ^otitical oa- playedsueh an important  rote in revolutionary sion amongrthe lea4mg drdes of
perfenm to A chart time and peas rapidly from emmXwere almost nnsnimousjy on our side. The SoefaHst parties. - ftonaky  has   «
one stage to the next in their development. The Bight Social Revolutionism, moreover, had to leave series of artielm Mritten with hfa
machinery   of   democratic   inatitutions ,he Sonets, which in October-that ia, before the pedantry, ^tartolationjmW
evolution alphamore, the bigger convocation of the constituent asttmbly-Jjjlgtjk Serial Revolutionary problem, ojft
and the loss perfect its teehnieal ap- tfte -gpverjuu$*y^^ and the regime of political democracy,
paratus.                                                         !/, th*n, «*#a ministry formedby the constituent to prove that for the working class
The amaOJsmaJat tgajjggaMtajjflfraaWgAaa1 gfliaPl aaWWlMlJ riHsaT MSJud ftl support T It would e>
"■ .*  -
roentary 'rules of procedure, the control of:tbe"_- the intellectuals, t!
government belonged to them. But toe party of   porarily by the bourgeoisie
Bight Social Revolutionists had a chance to ao-   such a government would li
mceo this nistoifeai truth to pWfosto$fai
material ality. If. in the final analysis, it fa to
entire pre-October period   "means of administration. At such a political center tage of the proletariat to introduce its
of the revolution. Yet, they avoided the respon-    as Petrograd, it would encounter irrestible opposi- p'e and even its dictatorship, through t]
of govornismit, lm^ thm, from^^Mui*;^'^ *t^ of democratic institutions, fa does not
fa totho W^#emgo^ copra*   rfanees the Soviets, submitting to the formal lopje .,     (Conttopei on Pagew Three)
.1 in lili', =gj=s=ggamfaglisqs^
oan-
S advenes strug-
channcls
all
'   jit'
J
tome
aitap
ow that in your
the most  fearful
blood, that H fa weary of
the proletarian fa n<
-mmmdfs^m^
easotft--*-
Of All Countries! power and branding it as tho one really guilty of
'♦tSrhUMSa 1P18 the war.                                                                p
««_,     •     ;v      ^iw/ JTirrJ "****'*"1M* moment we era justified before
"Proletanena! Men and Women of totoor! ^^^   ^^ ^ Iniernational and ^^ fte    ^^
:tfm***1.4: .           ;   " (tormmproletwfa^                                with no
"The revolution in Germany has eome!    The enthusiastically, constantly widening circles of the
masses of the soldiers who for.four years were proletariat share the conviction that the hour has
driven to slaughter for the sake of capitalistic struck for a settlement with capitalistic class rule,    and aims f<
profits; the masses of worker* who for four years "But this grest task cannot be accomplished by
were exploited,  crushed,  and starved, have re- the German proletariat alone; it can only fight and
volted. prussiah militarism, that fearful tool of triumph  by appealing to the solidarity  of the    fle»h
eppreosiqn. that scourge of humanity—lies broken proletarians of the whole world.
on the ground. Bs most noticeable repreaentatives,   __ __—_-	
and therewith the most noticeable of thorn guflty ♦■-                        r: 1   «a
of thfa war, the Kafaer and the Crown Prince, CAriAIIQT     P LttTV       «P in the handa of a tow rapftoBste
have fled from the country. Woshera, and Sailote' QW WAla 10 1      IT AJt 1 1         recognised, ami will continue to recognise
Couneito have been formed everywhere. {%w%    g% a aj a uv a                      yonr governmenta, too, have carried en
"Worhers of all conntrica, we do not say that ||f     L AH Ail A                      for the sake of the big money stokes,
in Germany all power actually ties to the hands w HI further perceive that your
of the working people, mat tho oaamh^tetomph PBOPAOAUDA MSXTIMOS             «•* •«*• «* 4Jw<>>» «« eWHxathm
of the prototorkm revolution has already been
attained. There atffl aft to the gusmalsnt all
those SoctoJSsts who to August Iflf. ahamtoned our a*m"aa'^:'m^                              »** ***** * sam»s*;.aml that
moat pmetous pamatiro, the sntornaxtemd, who At • pJIL Wlajp                           •fi«ffe«* and of tho 'league of Nations
for,fem years betrayed tho Geraraa wetatog claas  a part of tho aame bam hrigauiogi
and the Iiitevnatiaaal  . .                                    f              -j,     dneed the peace of BraaUitovsk. Ham i
"But, worhers of all eoantries, now the Gar- m»— TBZATBX                        tbera the aaase shameless tost for booty,
man proletarian hfasself sfseau to you. We be- pm •-« . «.                        dealm fat oaaoosaton, the same
Bern we ham tho right to appear betore your Corner Gore and Bastings                     exploit to the timfa the brutal
forum to hfa name. Pram the first day of this ^_.^__                                            t.j1omm'       ««^*«n»:auisl»
war wo eudeamicd to do our totoraatsanal duty       i,rririF~—     imMiai .<Tht haa^iaPtom «e .n countries
by fighting mat erhmtoal gii mail with aB our   I  ■-• (Onilliail aa Pago Throe
the wnr
And be
'preteottom of small   uattons,'
profits m surely as did earn when If
mm
are but
mat press well ee

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