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The Red Flag Sep 13, 1919

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 OUR UTERATORE.
I-La
I
w ■'""""'';iv '-f^pewMI
at the rate of $8 per    Itf (VCTty
V
'1
Manifesto,
10
l
Party of Canada . . $6
per 100.   Single copies 10
Slave of the Farm . . $6
10 cent*.
» •-   rm-    -       -     1_  «.  .<■ ■*■»  . m
Economic system, oy rroiessor w. a.
. $6 per 100.   Sfagte copies 10 cents.
Utopian and beien    e .. g e copies
cento  013 per 100, f
av*''; 1 A
CISLIS /\Tc
'*"ff"flrw*fT
ut on Bail
HEWS AND VIEWS
1
••
^1 prem despatch dated Winnipeg, Sept 10 reports that after 20 days' imprisonment the eight
strike leaders who have been held in the provincial toil pending their trial on efaarges of seditious
conspiracy,'were at 5U» o'clock, in judges* chambers, granted hail. Chief Justice Mothers, who,
together with Mr. Metealf, heard.the srguraents
w .evunasi,.regi*. nre m**^****b. u uc ran.
" "* was granted in the sum of $4000 each and
of $2000 each.
The world's merchant shipping tonnage ia now
larger than it was on the eve of tfae wax. In 191<
tfae gross tonnage was 49,454,000; in 1919, 50,919,-
000. In 1914. British shipping waa 41.6 of the
whole, and American 4.6, in 1919. tfae British percentage has fallen to 34.1, and the American risen*
to 20.4. r
■
"John Stuart Mm Was Inclined to
Sanctity of Landed Property '-Prof,
In questioning the sanctity of landed property
he wss but vtewing the 'matter froaafnunw
E ■
*<**<** a**. M mr HM,  «*.      ^wji^ ft mm* & mmm pmr« lit mX^mf^^
eopies 10 eents. tfaat the secnaed would mjt appear to stand thett   fw^
Capitalist Production, being the firet nine chapters    trial, and tite decision went on to state: in return. His rent in viewed by the manufacturers
of VoL L Marx's <repttal .. .Stogie copies, paper j* Jntffted: In Refrmtag Bafl. » '• ****** **** V*mm*tmW and a handicap o»
cover, 60 cento;   eloth bound, *UhV JL\m*M «*** W«nlA 'wae-fa. faWsMag-to m«anW   ********* *m*^
"Ten Daya That Shook the-World,"
Beed-*2.10.
Kolchak, Autoerat and Tyrant Tfae actual story
of Kolchak and his methods told by an American
official recently returned from Siberia. Wttfa
this is included. Anti-Bolsheviks and Mr. Spargo,
fay William Bard. Taken, wttfa apologtes. from
the July 9 "New Republic" . . $6 per 100.   10
By John   bail en tfae solo ground thst public safety might ,,.^^7}Ji,.^.^.tf^..,... .. ^ >,__*_« >t
*£**«* * *•*», a, mmm* * b. .. J^*^^l^lt^H?t
^-T V_*. * ,.   ~m*-m , ^  \m mx. ** <*ntdW that ft is the duty of the State to enter
Tfae decision as reed by Chief Justice Mathers: mtoroiat**ns wftk^
"Because of tite greet public interest Involved existing Bussian Governments.   "I should like to
in this prosecution, and beeause bsil has once been #* ^ Aln^Onteefag fate relatione wttfa Lenin,
* "IndustrisI History of England,*
Gibbens-gl.50.
«
Six   Bed   Months   in
By
Make all Money Orders payable to C.
Yamnu.il, B.C
Jasse^of the French
fee .umr^N*1* ** Brttisfa^snsapanfea green whh
envy. Th> Soetetc Hg&fakias, according to a
French pati?'» ** laying 900 per cent for 1918.
This compart* *$& 100 per cent for 1917, 75 per
eent for 19l6V4nd 8 per cent for 1913. In
tember, 1916, and in May, 1918, additional
mere created, and on each occasion a bonus of 100
per cent, on tim exkting shares was given, the required amount facing token from reserve and made
payable fax cash or
refused by a brother judge, I asked my brothers,
Macdonald and Mftealfe, to att with me while
hearing this application, and had tfae aatisfaetion
of knowing thst both concurred wttfa me in the
ByttlfaB.   views herein expressed.
"1, therefore, order tfaat the accused be admit-
Louise   ted to bail in the sum of 04000 each,   and   two
•moewu"""""""""*'"""' U"*"fc- <ga*e*q*gnT**Sf   "Saepssm*
Tfae liberated men are due for trial st the Assises in October.
Everyone will be glad to see tite imprisoned officials free again, aa tfaey will now be able to pro-
sent tfaeir ride of tfae ease to the people in opposi-
tiarrttr-tiut af tim pi^ojcoation^faJch atone has
been presented In tfae capitalist press. In addition
to this they will be of great assistance in ranting
funds for tfae defence.
We again mention that besides the defence of
these officials, the defence has also been taken up
Kolehsk and Denikin.   The Allies must help
sia. but by peaceful methods,"   This w rather remarkable testimony coming from sueh a quarter.
Mr. Glenn. Plumb, author of the U. S. Railway
Workers* scheme for nationalisation snd tripertito
control, hss charged the. 18 representative rsflway
companies now controlled wholly or partly fay the
Morgan, Rockefeller, and Gould interests with giving away bonus shares sggregsting over 450 million dollars, from 1900 to 1910, and wttfa pa
millions in dividends on these bonuses. He demands that Congress sfaould immediately tavasti-
BEWARE OF THE PR0VACATUER.
A man wfao ia paid to find plots aa a rule does
not spend hie time urging hfe neighbors to remain
 __        ****•  Thtt* * ****** **1 **"* <-^ ***■•****?*>.
of numerous intfvidnals, mostly Russians, through-   of men-will be .toepYaway by spies end anento
out the country, who have been arrested under   provscstuers.
'TBS UNSOLVED RIDDLE.'
(
ownership must operate toe machinery of produc-
tion for a mere livelihood.
Tfae ease tfaen presents itself, as tfaat tfae productive forces are not allowed foil and free play
te satisfy tfae needa ef society, Imemme they are
bound fay tfae rules ef tim institutions ef
ownership of the nmans ef produetion end
duction far sale. Tfae solution sbnost states ttselt
Free .tim madatifiia forees from these facade. Let
tfae already socially operated meana ef pi ■duction
fae also owned socially for tim *H"*¥**H ef eoutttj
aa a whole.   Beyond tim gramme! mtseoaltimi at
the provisions of the Ammended Immigration
Act The best thst esn be done, under the extraordinary conditions of these provisions, is being
done, snd much expense ia entailed. Tfae
defence is heavily handicapped. The sole evidence against those in "vnneouver is that of
secret service agents wfao had wormed their way tog at civilian riflemen. Every day we hear of
toto intimacy wttfa tfae prisoners. This evidence meetings being suppressed and newspapers sil-
mostly eonmsts of scraps of conversation and fa   eneed.   And, of course, small notions are-sacred.
m- **EELAMD»
(Say* tbe Glasgow "Forward," Of August 28.)
'There Were tar barrels in Derry last Week. And
English regiments were fighting Irish eithtens on
Irish soil.   Tfaere .were British machine guns ■falas-
general is of sucfa a character as would not secure
conviction in a regularly constituted court of law.
In view of. the fact that those men who are deported to Russis, will most surely be executed on
arrival to Kolchak territory, tfaey should st least
have had a fair and open trial before a judge and
jury. This, tfaey are dented by tfae Government
however, and so what can fae done in tfaeir defence must fae done.' In Vancouver, so far, the
. release of three or four of them has been secured.
an a was**,   -mgmmm ■*-• w****-*~ ^mm^L\miZ\t and about Iwelve faave been sent
IHatog tim *fred»**rra fc ,, we raid, death or
BRUSSELS. Sept. 9-The Minere* Federation
at Charieroi has adopted a resolution in fever of
the nationalisation of mines, . nrini-un
scale, free fuel for ell miners, control ef
tion- and the creation of an in aanlratinn
senting both tim miners and the governmei
men ia considered am on- 4
» the approaeUng Miners' Cso>
: tite aeafatittlte da net lay down A*rt*""s.
snare than tfae prstaaosaste ef tim fasMgtftiste fai
tim eighteenth century eould faave bin dawn tite
details for future adapt attena in tim di isbiptng
, impllilmt ■ society '' ■ We have i something ■ to ;• say,
however, as to what must fae done befor
productive forees can fae freed. First the
ef tfae people must fae brought to a knowledge of
what fai wrong both by education and through bit
fat class ownership of the nteans of production
wfll take steps to remove tfaat cause end substitute
dsjetiett and ea free tite productive forees for exer-
elm te their full eapaeity fa behalf of society aa
of Romeo Albo wfao waa sentenced in
Nelson. B. C„ to deportation fat awaiting the result of an appeal to Ottawa. Unfortunately for
these other men their ease seems hopeless, beeause
of lack of publie support fai their behalf. The
press by the nature of its reports of their case
having turned "publie opinion against them.
. Our hrartiest thanks are due to all eontrihutors
and workers for the. defence fund:  Keep tt up.
Send all money and make all cheques payable-to
eonver, B. C.
Collection agency
Eighth avenue east C
LONDON, Sept  3—A wirejeaa
Moscow received here reports tfaat Admiral Kot
^^■•^aPa^^Bj     aivfraa     mw ■ **-"C*^ve>-^*m*-      ^mwm w vi **^*^***f*************************ffj
evacuated Omsk; and transferred his heao!quartere
to Irkutsk.
tf-.'i r,;1!-.1.1 ", i1.^.' '...'.'wriin a ■••;•*•: v",:.'"'it ■ jv::,vij3
Defence Fund, Room 12, Labor Temple, Winnipeg.
Contributions will    be    acknowledged    through
Labor and **hteialfa0 Preaa.
laswyers for tfae defence fa Vsneouvcr, Bird, Mae-
fa
fa
J. Law. Secretary.
annnnnnnnnnnnl
whose names faave bet^ pobBsfaed ea i sendhig .
moneys for tim defence fund, aekntmledgnient (From
rm quite common nowadays to talk about our
class as wage-slaves.   But for some reason or
mtr our present day masters Or employers dent
Hke to hear it.   They are evidently afraid test it
"sfaould bring home to yon just exactly what your
status or   place   in society really is.   Yet there
probably eould not be footed faVthe Lnglish fan-
two words capable of
naa   ^psnn. as    -man   ^anj^s   ussx*se>
tfae Term Wage-slave?
There woe a time, indeed, when we eould leave
one employer end go to another-although even
tfaat privilege is curtailed now wttfa the week's
notice—but never since we became dependent   on ..,*,.
am employer could we leave the whole employing       All tfae comparative
*w0***m^**w      ^W m m****w^m m     m mmw^WmmmMM^     m^*w^*mm vfaMWi§# AC     no     wsam*9     "OWTrae™^
of affairs due to our class privileged arrangement
ef things which haa given rise to the term wage-
stove. But do not on that seeonnt feel ashamed
of yourself. It ia only shallow-pated snobs who
decorate themselves fa. tinsel end try to
their fellows ifast they sre not wage slaves,
pretentiousness however, doesn't carry them very
far, afaee nearly every
. • .'■
,jt is now common knowledge tfaat there is net ae
much an absolute or unquestioned right about
sucfa things as a tactical toleration by the ruling
class. This is evident fa sll periods of crisis, and
was very pronounced during the recent war.
Hut from the point of view of economic freedom
tfae slave and tfae serf had advantages whieh we—
the modern wage-slaves—might very well envy.
Tfaey were, not haunted by the bugbear of unemployment such aa you and I. If they fall sick
they were not left to the soulless mercy ef e panel
doctor. Nor had they to spend three-fourths ef
their life struggling to maintain large insurance
companies that they might ride to their graves in
a well-polished carriage and' pair aa we do today.
How Differences Are
■ skin to tfae
doubts in your mind ss to whet yosny wages represent.   There is, ss you sre sware, a
betWMIa   annMadatnaL      fn*T      tfca%      *an%nun*aw>W
^rmmm'. ■ .w*4***,1*,**,'"wf    ■■^*4"    ,,mwaMwfi»^km******Bfim
wages, and your real wages, i.e.
for your money.   Your real
coat of production of
as tfae value ef all the flam rats contained, say, fai
tktt paper go to make up the cost of its produetion. and may be expressed fa ita natural price ae
distinguished from its market price, aa in tfae
same way tim east of food- clothing, housing, education, recreation, etc.. not only for tfae worker,
but for his wife and family, may be reckoned up
snd expressed fa a figure—his reel warns   ae dte-
$1
differences between us—
the wage-slaves—and tite chattel-slaves arc obscured by tim wages system. Wheress the relation of the chattel-slave to his master or tim serf
to his lord wss as clear as daylight, the relation
of the modern wage-slave to his employer ia bidden, thanks to his means of subsistence braes*
***w**st*^m****m*-w***r\ *w-w   mmmmjm-    ■ i pi ■ i ■ ■ i   **-*£ \mm**mmw*w*m**FT.r **m      .^^TyTmnc
"'' and expressed fa money.
tinguished from the number of coins whieh he actually goto.   This latter difference fa
varying, but you would do well to keep your*
steadily fixed not so much upon the coins yea
aa on tfaeir purchasing power, which may fae taken
as a definition of real wages.
•mI 1      f>r«l   1*111 ■ I ■■■
White it is true thst our   socisl
■
mark of the oeeupation he or
nees, for instance, the gait of a
ed shoulders of a dii.nn.shll. etc.
'L^LTJLitlrlT -V-li' may not have rtruck you before that in the   for
worker m s walking hall- * ^
as wit
•
»int of our clsss
Were you to compare the statue of our class today wttfa thO position   of our   fellows   in other
periods of history, yen would find we had   act
very mueh to brag about  Of course, we could not
wttfa accuracy be classed ss chsttel-slsves or, aay,
serfs as the terms are used in historical works.
while it is   true   that   we are distfagnished
'xrom    these    by    the   badge    oh  citizenship—
at least a majority of our elass are; while it is
also true, tfaat wd are permitted to combine and
possess a big margin of freedom to express our
(views fa the press or fa the public market place,
SUB=X===   ■,'■,,     I,'  ,   , **       "IB ,       I
last analysis and from tite
relationship the wages system covers up a multitude of sins. It transfers, for instance, the responsibility for maintaining the wage-slaves from
the shoulders of tbe master on to the slave himself. By cunning, trickery snd deceit, backed np
by the power which their control oyer tfae means
of wealth production gives them, tfae employing
class always make it their business to ensure that
the wage-slaves—that is, you and 1—only get as
much as keeps us going on from day to day as
workers. Thst is why you witness such apparent
pig-headedness on the part of your employers
when you strike, even for a farthing an hour.
How Real Wages Are Del mm lee rl
It is well, therefore, that you   should faave no
than timy were to our fore-fathers a
. that with sanitary
travel, education end apart
life is fuller than tim life of our village
hut contrasted wttfa the possibilities tfaat
hand for improvement even on these, it fat more
than ever necessary to make a bid for change.
Tho social appetites of our forefsthers had to be
adjusted to tfae possibilities ef the sge they lived
in. Tfaat ia why progress has been made. We
should not be worthy of their fahsiltanm tt instead of aspiring to the possibilities of our sge, we
were to do nothing beeause, forsooth, we beheved
we were better off than they.
It is in tiie determipstion to satisfy out
snd not In tfaeir suppression, lies tfae way
real progress.   Hence tim need for paying
tion. to real wages pending the abolition   of tfae
r-ea
V.
T^ mM^*mWf*mMn ^M^f^MM J .
Eugene Debs wss transferred from tim West
Virginia prawn* to wfatefa lie was sentenced, end
sent to tfae Atlanta penitentiary. It happened just
am tim hot weather of summer began to make the
Atianto penitentiary unbearable, i In the West Virginia prison Debs had been given light work and
comparatively decent quarters. Hm health waa defended, and his age and tfae deration of his motives were respected fay those dekpated to kold
fafan fa niiiffaMiiuiil fat tim MHnta penitentiary
Debs ia treated ae a common criminal. He goes to
work fa the simhiug depmrtoieai at, 8 o'clock in
tfae meaning and works until ss^av'One hour is
. allowed far e*tener, and at one o'clock he returns
w   ^iaw^ w^*sw a^"^Psy sei*^"^Bn*   *** ^***man^p  wx^mexfen ^-s v^-m-*       *$^^^^*^^*jm    """■""""""■sa^sw^f^e.
fa tiwn allowed for outdoor recroetion.     Supper
follows, and at 5 o'clock he ia locked in bis cell,.
$£   ■     ■ a '-'
prisoners:   "He may change his mind."       "'■■■■''
Debs will not change his mind, and there is only
one way to rave his life and bring him back to
the ranks of his fellow-citizens who love him. We
'must compel a general amnesty for sll. That is
the task which his true revolutionary attitude hag
placed upon tfae worken. It is the rallying point
of the social-revolution. " /
mm       m    mmm   mm. ^M. ^^^^^B^^ ^^M^^     m   mmmm^ mm. mm^m mmm mm. MM^^V mmmmWrnrnf
LABOR FEDERATION COUNCIL
70
WAR BT STARVATION.
Tfaia ia tim reward wfatefa our Aateriean repamfae
gttres to her most noble tifim n' lluj man of whom
a renowned scientist, Alfred Wallace, said. "Eugene V. Debs is a great man;*' of whom a rev
nowned poet. James Whiteomb Riley, said "God
was feeling mighty good when   he created Gene
western railroad unions last winter appfamded as
tfae repreaaiitative of American freedom. His fat'
tinder our government tt to die in penal servitude.
The motive of tite ruling class in transferring
Debs to this place of more effectual torture, may
fae inferred from a laconic remark of Attorney-
general Pahner to a newspaper reporter who had
spoken of Debs' refusal to seecpt a pardon which
did not include general amnesty for all political
te
(From ''Soviet Russia,'' August 9.)
The latest issue of the Monthly Summary of
Foreign Commerce of, the United States contains
very significant figures hearing upon the effect
of the blockade of Russia on tfae American export
trade. The exports from the United States to Russia fa Europe for the eleven months ending May
31, 1917, 1918, 1919 reepsctivery, compared ae
follows:
loaf-. > *9 "*» *    '■•T'jg:
1017      .■ . . >■ ■■' rn-jm ..    $397,568,911
1918 „   U«
J^tHti■ i,..,,.....,.i.: ■ p. ».i ..... ...j. i. i,j
Although Siberia was net included fa tiw blockade, neverthelem the blockade of European Russia
and the operations of Kolchak and fais allies and
associates faave had the seme effect upon experts
from tfae United States to Russia fa Asia aa tfaat
dmeksed by the preceding figures. Tfae exporta
from the United States to Russia in Asia for tie
eleven months ending Msy 31, 1917, 1918, 1919
respectively, compare at follows:
'Year''' ' "' ..-4. ▼afae  "'"
1917 . I  $136,744179
1H8  ■ ,—-*-w    HTlfaVSel
1919      .;,..,. ^     30^17466
WASHINGTON, District of
lesders of orgsnized Labor in
meetings of tim executive council of
Federation Of Labor, which wfll begin this
st 19 o'clock and continue for a week ar more tim
opinion is expressed generally tfaat tite dtcirisna to
be reached will be the moot momentous fat tim fatetory of the movement in the United States.    •
ffae Plumb plan for tfae nationalisation ef tim
railroads will be another major subject before tfae
executive council of tfae federation. It is believed
that by tfae^time the council finttfan ita sessions a
definite program for organized Lsbor will fae formulated, as regards net only tfae
steel and iron aad other faiduatiiae.
rison, secretary of tite foderatten.
timt all questions affeetfai)
come before tite eouncfl.
'j. ■»■
for Friday prayers st 111 Csmpden Hffl reed, un-
aniraously peered a reetlutiea indignantiy protesting *ff$**t tfae Frime Mtaieter'a dcmrilpfhm af
{imamM+i .A|taeby"t f^Tiyt^gw fa Peteatfam ea e
crusade for Christian conquest of territories whkh
"^Boe>"s."av   '^^P****)-   *^***m*    mmm*m**M)m^m*^.      a\apeass'    u^""""i"""0»"e"B^"aem""g"e    "■an^'ejj
aa an insult to our Muslim aetenere wfao
fa tfaat eonquest and tim Musfim aflma
Newsagents in Vaneouver for the Bed
Love* Hastings street next to Boyal Theatre,
lumbia News Agency, corner Hastings
fafa.  John Green, Carrall street, near Water
Co- ',
-rjSU-i   •.-.■'--'.
-*.J»
Maxime Gorki.
(I?Tom toe '.'Secialfat," July 81.)
*■-..'    '-;-:;-.-  - j    -   *      '-
.""jp I IB international meeting of December 19 lias
X beertN a,Russian proletarian fete, and one
would wash that this great day of the Russian
Bevolution may last fang, for ever, in the memory
of the workers,
2 It is not ao mucfa tfaat the discourses were of
great importance, fresh and deep words spoken
to the Russian people   by tfae representatives of
t rated with one feeling, had a marvellous
ance, and suggested tite conviction that only the
wtth of tfae people, rationally directed, is capable
of accomplishing these Btttetlff „ ■
And is it not in truth a miracle? v Since -tfae
finish of tile 18th century the monarchist people
of Russia accomplished immutably the shameful
and bloody tsak of strangling all revolutionary or.
emancipating movements fa Bast snd West our
soldiers have blindly fought agafaat; the revolutionary armies of France fa the great
**--*.■>*-• **-w~*w**    •**■   *-**■ •* -     *>..!>.' ipiiu.-" —    m»h«; wuuco w rnuiw in me great eras
different States, different .notions of Europe and   volution, have crushed many times without
U '
Asia, but what waa of fee much significance and
importance was the feeling of burning confidence
towards, the Russian worker, . and the complete
understanding tite recognition of Ilk historic role
expressed by the 23 orators.    '
Hindoos and Koreans, English, Persian, French,
Chinese, Turks and others spoke, in fact, on the
seme theme—Imperialism. Imperialism which has
igfa its greediness lost itself in the madness
shame of massacres, drunk wttfa blood,, digging its own tomb, revealing to the whole workers
of the world with terrible evidence ite inhumanity
But I say, it is not this criticism of the old social order already well known and familiar to the
ears of the masses of the workers; it is not the
verdict of international equity pronounced on thfa
band of evil doers. Thfa was not the msoutisl
significance of the meeting.
But it was in the   unanimous   sentiment wttfa
which the prayers of the dead were spoken over
tfae past, wttfa wfatefa the joyous welcome was addressed to tfae regenerated   Russisn   Revolution,
calling to tts help all people, and calling them to
the help of the workers of all countries.   In tim
of tfae speeches one felt toe assurance that
having fay the will of history taken   tfae
vanguard part of Socialism, would fill wttfa suc-
and honor this role difficult fant great, and
lead all peoples to follow towards the creation of a new life.
in different languages,
~et
bf the World
fore humanity he was passing the examination of
his political maturity; he stands before all mem
the creator of new forms of life. Tfafa fa the first
time that s decisive attempt to realize toe Socialist ides has ever been made on so large a scale,
the attempt to put . body to this theoretical TdrV
which one may call tfae religion of the workers.
One can .well understand that the attention of
the whole of working humanity should be directed
towards, Russia, for we are working for the wetloV
for the whole pjanet
And the interest of the working world concentrated upon the Russian Socialist obliges him to-
high aad firm, keep the flag flying, for he appears
.-!?!^.,alftM^•i*£Zmg2 have ldllod eon-   historically as the inartcTand example forliX
mercy
tfae national revolutionary movement in Poland,
have aided in 1848   the Austrian monarchists to
stitutional Turkey in 1878-79, have laid violence
on Persia, faave drowned fa blood the national
movements fa China, in a word, have played the
part of executioner of liberty everywhere where
they have been sent by an autocracy greedy and
afraid.
And today towards these people the hearts and
eyes of all peoples, of all the workers of the earth
are turning; all are looking on Russia with hope,
witfa the great hope, with the certainty that she
will be able to worthily and powerfully carry out
the part she has taken up of being the force
whieh shall liberate tfae worid from the rusted
chains of the past.
This certainty, tins hope, has been best expressed in his speech fay Comrade Youssoupof, representing Turkeystan end Buksria. He in thc moat
convincing and lively fashion gave expression to
the world-wide consciousness of the Russisn
liberation:
"Do net complain," said fae, "tfaat your existence is hard; you faave taken up a work which demands the grcfatest sacrifices, which demands abnegation, unshakeeble courage, disinterestedness,
and incessant work." Such waa tite tone of fafa
discourse, and one may say tt waa exactly what
was wanted.   <, '--:&vj-■ >''
Aa a fact, the Russian Socialist worker is attracting the attention of tfae worid; as though be-
■'»   » ■ "!
dreds of thousands and millions of men.
Despite actual circumstances of extreme difficulty, he ought to be valiant, stoical, reasonable,
generous, disinterested and stubborn in the work.
He. ought to know thst he himself is poisoned]
with the poison wttfa wfatefa tfae possessing elssses
have contaminated the universe. He should know
that tim cruelty and bestislity towards the next,
and all that on which reposes the old worid, fas*
entered also into fafa blood.
He wfao now is free behaves always towards
work like a slave; yet it fa only eoncentrateoT
Work, obstinate, dirinterested, that can tear up by
the roots all the horrors of the ancient world,
I do not think those disquieting reflections*
should be out of plsee here before the speeches of
praise addressed to tfae Russian workers on the
©cession Of their first internstibnsl fete.
Comrades! all the workers of the earth are
turning their eyes upon you with a bright hope-
They went to see fa you new men, upright, incorruptible, indefatigable in their work of constructing a new world.
Show, then, to the whole world that yon are
new men. Show to tim world whet there fa in your
that fa more human—your love, your generosity,
your open honesty, and how well you know how
to work!—From Le "vie.
m
T
*****
'SURRENDER. OR BE HANGED.
mw**w^^*mmw^m^**m^^*-W    **sm**   *-***n*   mm*-?***^^*^******
(From the '*Dafly Herald," Aug. 14.)
Labor Leader Oives Startling Facte to ClmniMttee.
After the landlords had given evidence before
the Joint Committee, Mr. B. P. Wadia, wfao fa
known ae the father of Trade Unionism fa Indie,
and is president of the Msdrss Labor Union, gave
He drew attention to tfae long hours worked in
Madras, pointing out that tim welfare of tfae
laborers had been left fa toe hands of the Government that tt, in the hands of toe people representing tfae Britfah bureaucracy instesd of under
the control of Minjsters responsible to the Indian
people.
Asked ss to the number of members of fafa
Union, Mr. Wadia said that they amounted to
about 20,000. He waa confident tfaat Trade Uiikm-
fam had eome to stay fa India, as he was reaafa-
fag invitations from sll parte of tfae country to
form branches; even amongst "the agricultural
workers there was a movement for combined ao-
How Joseph's Man Dealt Wttfa Socdalbrt Ministers.
(From tfae "Daily Herald," August 14.)
PARIS—"We determined to exterminate tfae
Moderate Socislist Government because tt waa tfae
direct inheritor of Beta Kun's policies, which wc
could not tolerate."
Thfa fa an extract from an amazingly candid
statement- made to a rorrespondent by Friedrich,
the Archduke Joseph's Prime Minister.
"WC therefore." he continued, "simply surrounded the. building where tite Pteidl Government was in session—the Roumanian General having given us permission—and demanded immediate surrender. It was st first refused absolutely,
in use it must grant some measure of responsi- But when tfae Socfalfat Ministers understood that
bfltty fa tim Centre] Government and tfaere must refusal meant swift hanging for timmasfvea, and
also be full provfactal autonomy. that Budspest was   completely   fa tim hands of
OTrtassfaer ef n-rammiii Heard. t*,*lr *"fc**H t*"<*f 8lwt ""**"   %
A memorandum was handed fa repreaentfag the l*IM^li|l-| Jj*** *****
views of tfae Sooth Indian Chamber of .Ckmaneree,       It.now appear, thst Joseph lived quietly at fafa
whiefa showed the immense political change wfatefa chateau near Budspest during tim Sovtet regime,
had eome over the merchants of Indie, who were it tt interesting to eompare tfafa trsstessnt wtth
now foHy determined to,  secure   tite full use of
enfranchised,   especially   in   the large industrial
centres.      .
As to the organization capacity of tfae laborers,
Mr. Wadia said that tfaey were very unlikely indeed to follow any leader blindly. He | did not
wish special representation for the* workers, hut
wanted them to fae part of tim general electorate.
Mr. Jinnah, delegate from tfae All-India Muslim
League, wfao was supported by tfae Hon. Mr.
Yatkub Hasan, also gave evidence. These eitnoeets
supported the view from almost all those who had-
previously given evidence tfaat if tfae Bill waa put
Unbearable
Social conditions had reached a point when timy
were no lonker bearable, and tiie laborers wok tc~
werd political power as one means of remedying
their condition.
As to tim frightening away of Britfah capital,
tim witness said that under present conditions tfae
bringing fa of Britfah money wee of very ques-
tionable value, though if conations changed, 'Britfah capital might be welcome.   He wanted Labor
their political righto and powers.
France wishes to be the power "under whose
rare Syrte fa to be developed to ultimate independence."   At   tfae   same   time France ol
rigorously to a nationalist movement being
conraged in Syria.   Just exactly what does France
mean by "ultnnate fadepmtdesmat"
that accorded by the Entente to "bloody" Beta
Kun.   According to a radio dispatch received here"
today, the Communist leader hss been taken from
the village near v*famna, where he was Hving wtt*:
peasants, and gaoled- in   one of tfae State penitentiaries.
Noel Buxton, fa a talk witfa nte, says   thst   of
Szamuelly alone (who, tt now appears, wss raur-'
dered by Monarehist   troops   instesd   of having
suicide,) he believes there may fae some'
for Monarehist charges of brutality. m
■
■
■      ;
\
THBREaFtAG
. *? -
■ ■
ferny
the Vancouver Province of
appeared the second of the
I of Professor Leacock's series of articles entitled the "Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice,''
This second installment justifies what we said
after resdiug the first one, that the series sre well
worth tite attention sad study of every worker.
Hfa first installment was * discription of too
■':■.'■'    ■ ;'■ •' ~       .
■  - ■    • ......
"m-i
PAGE
'..I.- . ■■ ■ ;-,i.
■ w--
game. We quoted Veblen as raying thst production engineers had stated in publie tfaat the great
essential industries, controlled by the vested interests, only approached 25 per cent of their productive capacity and tfaat fa private and confidentially they were more disposed to place the
rating at nearer 10 per cent, than 25. So thst,
in considering the matter of the stated paradox
conditions in society today, with-ite exjremea'of .of l^femor Leacock, Ma |>f0o*uetira eeaerfrtty
wealth and poverty* and its perplexir* paradox of tfairty or forty times greater now titan fa tfae
boundless productive powers wMe* yet are never handicraft stage yet still leaving the masses of
exerted to toete rapacity in the satisfactionof tfae **** people fa abject poverty, we have besides his
simplest and most necessary human needs. ••Thus"   factor of the diversion of nine in ten to tim pro
ne said, an observer, watching, would see among the
"huge mass of accumulated commodities the simp-
duction of superfluities, also to consider, what he
SO far has not mentioned, that is, the businesslike
fast wwte wopM ^ view of profitable
would dig for diamonds, and men sheltered by a
•erazy roof erect the marble walls of palaces. Tfae
observer might well remain perplexed at the
pathetic discord between human work and human
wants. Something, he would feel assured, must
fae -at fault with the social instincts of man or
With tfae social order under which he lives;*' Fro-
fessor Leocock also pointed out that not more than
one adult worker in ten was employed fa producing necessary things, jtbe other nine performing
euperfiuons rarviees.; 'Tln^.^ittare he proposed
to examine in future installments.     y
Wc, jnirselves, hoWever, will now take Into
consideration this matter of the diversion of
labors to the production of superfluities before
the needs of certain sections of the people for the
necessaries of life have been fully satisfied. But
before dealing with the above anarchic condition,
there is another related phenomenon -which should
fae mentioned, at making possible the diversion of
labors, at least to the extent to which it occurs,
and thst Is the <mrteilment of all* Itees'of productive activity to meet the demands of the mar-
fact It must be understood that this market is
only effective as a purchasingcapacity market
which is another thing than the consumption capacity of the buyers, The reason production stops
short of supplying consumption needs of the labor-
fag in ■ reus either in quality or quantity te because
prices on the market. This latter businesslike proceeding is a necessity under capitalist production
for sale, and is of fundamental importance as a
factor to be considered in the quest of "Social
Justice" upon which our professor hss started
out However, he is on Ins way. somewhat hurriedly into the wrond instalment so we, perforce,
must follow him. .,
In this second installment. Professor Leacock
presents to us finely the point of view of tfae
period of 18th and early 19th .century, as manifested in the doctrines of the ''Rights of.Man" of
the French Declaration and tfae American Constitution. This was the era of individualism, the
foremost protagonists of which amongst the classical political economists, was Adam Smith, author
of the ''Wealth of Nations." It was the era in
which, par excellence, the rights of the individual
were philosophically and juridically justified. In
law. the rights of ownership were paramount, and
among the rights of ownership wss the right of
free disposal. Nothing was to be allowed to interfere with trade and commerce, tariffs were
tabu, likewise combinations in restraint of trade,
as for example, organizations of laborers. In
this system of "natural liberty." all men were
compelled by the law to be free and equal before
the law. Of course, compelled. It was claimed that
necessary anti-combination restrictions; fell equally
tfarir purchasing capacity is low.   They produce on the vested interests engaged in business as on
snore toan they jsan buy Iteok. .-;'*llilv..a11ewa.'tifa the working population engaged in industry I   So
diversion of labor power   to   the   produetion of that the measures taken to safeguard toe natural
snperfluities for those of higher purchasing cape- rights of ownership applied with equal foree to
otty.   Thus one class sows that another may reap, those who owned and those who did not. As sorae-
tfaat another may faave
tfaat anotoernmylive;
one has said, "'The, majestic equality of the law
forbids the rich as well as tje poor to sleep under
bridges or to beg on the street^cornera."*
"It has been shown in the preceding chsptcr of
these papers,''' he says, "that the sge of mschinery
has been in a certain sense one of triumph, of the
triumphant conquest of nature, fait fa anetirte
sense one of perplexing failure. The new forees
, controlled by mankind have been powerless ss yet
to remove wsnt and destitution, hard work and
social discontent. In the midst of accumulated
wealth, social justice seems as far away aa ever.
intellectual development of the modern age of
ehfaery and the way in whiefa tt lias moulded tfae
thoughts and outlook of mankind." So far. if
tfae professor keeps on wtth his materialkatie interpretation, a bad outlook presents itself for tfae
theories of "Nstural rights," and "free wfll.'*
"The influence of environment conditions if it
(foes not control the mind of • man.   So it comes
about that every age or generation hah tts dominant and uppermost thoughts, its peculiar way
of looking at things snd its peculiar bssis of ©pin-
ton on which ite collective action and ita social
regulations rest.   All this is Isrgely uneonsrious.'*
How truly materialistic 1   Thc Marxians are justified by tite bourgeois professor.   Their method b
. unconsciously shaft we charitably say. efaee
it receives no scl-nowiedglment,^^fa
legally of course, and as Vesica, might   the common body of intellectual thought of today.
say quits in accordance   with   tiie   rules of the   He proceeds with his discussion of tfae effects cf
endures an
a superfluity, lives
In palaces.   The question then becomes, aa the
root of the matter, What is the ranee of the low
purchasing capacity of the tailoring masses of the
people. It is because being dispossessed of means
of production^ they must, perforee, in order to
live, sell their power to labor to the.capitalist
dam who are tite owners of tfae means of ptoduc-
tion.  Wages are the price of labor power and the
competition on the labor msrket determines whst
that price shall be.   rfaffiee it to ray, that the
competition tt alwaya keen enough to >*•*» *****   He then proceeds, "It remains now to d-senas tfae   wfaet
price and eoMOonently the purimaefag capacity
of the wage workers low.   An faereeee fa profoo-
tive eapaetty may time, Instead of faenefiting the
Workers,   flood   the   marfaet   and   throw   large
numbers out of employment.
Tfaere tt thus another effect to be noted of the
capitalist control of industry, one which wu dealt
-with in lam issue fa extracts from Thorstein Veblen'a "State of the todustrial Arte."   This effect
is tiie dropping short, of tfae social industrial plant
i whole, in its possibilities as a producer by
deliberate management of its businesslike owners
fa order to ensure profitable prices/ for ita products.   Looking st the matter from the point of
, view of the common good, fa order to throw a
'tight on the subject the capitalist owners may be
1 to be sabotaging on the community, though
-i^-m- ._:1-J-*l5i^.--...<-c.;.^y'
the machine age environment on the minds of
and on tfaeir institutions, into  which  discussion
we can not follow him far because of lack of space.
''The average cttfaen of three generations ago
was probably not aware that he waa an CxUtnm
individualist. The average citizen of today is
probably not aware that fae has ceased to be asm.
."The man of three generations ago had certain
ideas wfatefa fae held to be aziomatic, such ss thst
his house wss his castle snd tfaat property waa
property, and that what waa his was his. . But
these were things so obvious that he could not
conceive of any reasonable person doubting them.
So, too, with the man of today.;, He has eome to
believe in suck things as old age pensions, national
insurance. He submits td'bachelor taxes, and fae
rmys for toe education of other people' children;
he speculates much on tfae limits of inheritance
end he even meditates profound alterations in the
right of property in land. His house io no
longer hfa castle. . . . He is no longer an individualist. HO lias become by brute force of circumstances a sort of collectivism puzzled only as to
how much of a collectivist to be." Not much fa that
description of the "idealist" theory of society
struggling ever towards the light and truth and
tim brotherhood of man. Rather man seems to resist the process which drags him on, tearing him
by force away from his fondly cherished traditional beliefs. Not understanding the forces
around fafan, nor whither timy tend, he unconsciously reacts to the instinctive feeling that a bird in
tfae faand is worth two in the bush and moves forward reluctantly with many, a backward glance.
"However," says the professor, "individualism of
tbe extreme type is, therefore, long since out of
date. To attack, it*.is. merely to kick a dead dog.
But the essential problem of today Is, fa a Socialist commonwealth, can justice be found? There
are Others who tell usr—and they number msny
millions—that we must abandon them entirely
(moaning individualistic ideas.) Industrial society, they say, must be reorgsnized from top to
bottom; private industry must cesse. All must
work for the State; only in a Socialist commonwealth can justice be found."
Did Professor Leacock, in thus presenting the
case for Socialists in such bald fashion intend to
to discredit tfaeir program?' We wonder!
Socialists are students of history, not for the
purpose of memorizing interesting events aad .
prominent personages- but to understand the pee*.'
cess of socisl development, its competent forces
and their tendencies. Tfaeir study (mows them
that the great basic foree deteroaning the course
of social development is the changing methods of
produetion. It seta both tbe pace and the direction. And no matter what resistance may be offered, tt finally swings'all other forma of social
activity into ita line of progress. Hence tfae law
of tim process is, adaptation, and this is finally
done eofMetoualy or unconsciously, at no matter
cost of sorrow snd distress. Professor
Leacock himself points out, tfaat the faduatrial
revolution marked tfae dawn of an age of
sorialias*! productito activity whieh waa fertile fa wi-fcsprmdfag new ideas and new human
reletionships, but still the1 worid fa filled wttfa
poverty and socisl unrest. Evidently then, society
ia not adapting iteelf to the demands of these determining forces. Aa examination of tite present
system of production shows to the Socialist that
this is so. It shows him that because the means
of production ere owned by one class fa society,
tfaat tfae products must be sold before tim owners
can realize their profits.' They must be sold on a
market entailing commercial competitions, wars,
and a limiting of production activity fa accordance with the demands of tfae market and a consequent unemployment low wages 'and impover-
fadaeent of tfae class wfao* because, dlafftraemid of
X - ; ''gfat)
3ea"a ■
V
■
Journal of Newa and Views Devoted
,V^....,.+.,..  Working Class.
Published When Circumstances and Finances Permit
By The Socialist Party of Canada,
401 Pender Street East, Vancouver, B. C.
Editor mm-mm-mm C. Stephenson
Subscriptions to "Bed Flag'
20 issues $1.00
SATURDAY......
" '"   ' .-"It   ,    '
SEPTEMBER 13, 1919
President Wilsons Fall
(Jerome K. Jerome, in "Common Sense.")
And now we hsve Mr. Vera Stocpoole writing .
to the Manchester Guardian to urge "Mr. Smillie ^
and other leaders of Labor" to pause for e moment and think. "Let them lift their eyes from
the moment and look towards tfae future," tim
suggestion being that left to themselves, "Mr.
Smillie and other leaders" would never dream of
thinking where they were going. Mr. Vere Stac-
poole ia convinced that if Mr. Robert Smillie and
the others eould only know the "facta" that are
so plain to Mr. V. S., then Mr. Smillie and the
others would "forget everything" and turn as
men never turned before to rave themselves, "and
9
*  m.
.1'
HO remembers President Wilson's winged us." I congratulate Mr. V. S. on his honesty in
phrases, soaring into the realms of pure adding those last two words. Generally, gentle-
idealism, before he went to Paris, and compares men wfao preach the blessings of hard work and
them with his latest utterances will realize, what    obedience tif/the laboring classes talk aa if they
a sink of iniquity Europe must be. - In so short '    ],¥;*    '■ ,C ''"■ V>' ■ '     fg    '**•
a time did it demoralize the high souled moralist answer that, question no. in regard to myself."
to the level of a Billingsgate ffafa wife. That cynical old atheist Clemenceau, and the little Welsh
attorney, George, were manifestly no fit company
for the former Saint Woodrow. On Thursday, he
told a meeting down in Montana, that he ''knew
some crooks he could not help liking." That comes
of helping them to divide up the plunder. Among
other low habits he has acquired is a taste for
boasting, for he told the same audience that during the war he "had wanted to take a gun and go
and fight" Then on his tour, the press reports
him as "using the language of the proletariat."
as one to the manner born. Truth to tell the skid
road of sin is known to be well greased and down
grade all the way, and now he is on it, the President is yelling to all and sundry, that fae at least
is no quitter. As evidence of the brakes progress"
since his fall from grace, there is worse yet to tell.
He has also entered into the great and  goodly
company occupying  the   late   Teddy Roosevelt's    that the President of the
Annanias Club, and, bad   cess   to   tite luclt, the   tag ^ «„, ge^t tieatiea*
world is the looser that Teddy is not here to close
the door behind him with the appropriate resounding slam.     : .:■: >-:
When before the Senate Committee on Foreign
relations, ho waa asked if he had any knowledge
prior to his going to Paris, of the various secret
treaties, entered into by toe Allied powers, other
than the United States. He replied fa tite negative. Said he had not the slightest knowledge of- endi ppnutoent J&m
them. Yet the publication of aome of them, not- Pofata lia^torned out to
ably those published by tfae Russisn Soviet Government had resulted in world-wide discussion
during the years 1917-18, and early part of 1919.
Mr. A; J. Balfour fa tfae British House of Commons, on March 4, 1918. said tfaat "President Wilson was kept well informed" aa to tfae Alike
treaties. Again, tfae Pact of London which disposed of territories among the belligerents waa
the subject of vigorous discussion fa the Italian
Parliament during tfae summer of 1917, and this
discussion, ssys the New York Nation, was instrumental in tfae overthrow of the Bosselli-Sonnino
I
■ r.Vv, ■■''  >iH<%
■   ^^gKfe, %$&*■*? -■;.-;»-
object than tim welfare of the com-
themselves.   From many conversations
had with working men, I ran ware Mr.
le and others thst the present mood
is more dangerous titan is imagined by
' sympathbrine with what thev
SF  **""aTr **"*************Q     aff »^w    ww mmm *    wmmw/^
"   Labor ia
itions that they would not con-
Labor's idee of ''untty" fat e
forward with Labor not at
heed. The Labor leaders that
ly concerned with Mr.  Lloyd
rack labelled "Higher Wa
Tfaey know that
aspirations"
upon them.   And they also
Wages   can   immediately be
■' 1
Senator 'Johnson: "When our Government,
through you, '/tmm*^*ri^kmpt, fa January, 1918,
made the Fourteen Points as the basis of peace,
were those points made with a knowledge of existence of the secret agreements?"
The Ptoafafaat;   ^No*  Olftite.
. Soya tfae NOW York Nation, in comment "What
can we do hut shake our hesds in perplexity over
these astounding confessions of ignorance on the
pert of statesmen who more than any other discussed the aims of tfae war and tim basis of peaee,* !V
and in whose hands for a time lay the destiny of >
the woridL* In another place it says, "Is it tbe ;
truth—this confession of unpardonable innocence
and ignorance ?   This is the unpleasant question
forced upon toe reader of the report of President
Wilson's interview with the Senate Committee on
Foreign Relations.   The question springs into the
mind unwillingly.    How is it possible to conceive
totes knew noth-
e went to Paris,
and that he has nofr"^ fl»ffi*tito text of tfaemt
Dr. E. T. Williams, on^Jsj^U in erican experts
on Fsr Eastern affairs, reports the President as
having said on April 22, 1919. 'that the war seemed to have been fought to establish the sanctity of
treaties, and while some of them were unconscionable, it looked as though it would be
to recognise ttmn£*Toui tim war for
for
-***
/recognition of the, secret
terview, the President of the United
thsn once solemnly declared that he knew nothing
st sll, either officially or unofficially, of the seeret
treaties until he went to Paris."
And tfae "Notion" wss once one of his
supporters. Thus the progress of ite disfll
ment. We have no sympathy for the "Nation."
We warned it at the time. But it regarded us as
mere bush leaguers. We advise ite staff to study
the columns of the Red Flag fa future. Neither
have we.any sympathy for the excited crowds at
tvtmy:were;*ti
"speedtagup.
*llieyjire
chaff
tfaey eve
alwaya beta
and that
Prices, leaving things where
Hours would simply mean
are not mules nor horses,
as the gentlemen with the
and the winking eye.   And •
to win for their class what has
cfaief incentive to human effort.
halter
|
w
'
the
ites more
Times,   where  one dees not
t and understanding, states
cause" of the present Le-
and    restlessness of
our industrial popula-
tforthefuture.no
1 need may be, tt wfll not
or   controlled   by any
that authority be a private em-,
department, which it dote not
will to recognise aa
dictate it does not eon-
reasonable."   Labor will not rest
of being the servsnt, tt hss become
of tfae world.   To this end tt intends
to use every means fa ita power, and it will not
be turned from its   purpose   fay   homilies fa the
preaching that force is no remedy, that all
of violence are immoral, tfaat war, tfaat fa,
with the adjective "clsss" fa front of it-fa
tfae principles of Christianity. Labor does
for over the beast of burden;
and ita prices regulated for ft
to be conscripted at the
of Winston Churchill  and used aa cannon
at the whim of newspaper bosses. Journal-
politicians who for the Ust five yean have
ridiculing the Sermon on tfae Mount, wfll
e mistake if tfaey think Labor will not naa
Capitalism, having slsugfatered
million of toe young men for its own serene's—still  slaughtering for the purpose of
the worid safe from Democracy—hss over-
its strength, fa lying bankrupt and feeble,
moment tt fa full of aentiment.    "Let
writes Mr. Vera Stocpoole, "forego for a
ite dreams of a leewmliuHsH aocioty."
till capital has recovered aid fa again fa tfae
round Labor's
yH"*# '-""*_
Government.    Yet tfafa President of tfae United   tending Senators Johnson and Borah's meetings   asddfat. Watt till that halter fa again
States ssys tfaat lie knew nothing of them afl tfafa   who are now calling for Wilson's blood, beeause,   nonTsV'and tt can fae driven aa before wit!
time that the world waa ringing with the discussion. Here is one of toe Foreign Relations Com-
taittee asking him questions. Senator Johnson.
"These specific treaties, then, tfae Treaty of Leo-
den, on the basis of whieh Italy entered tiw war;
the agreement wttfa Roumania, fa August 1916;
the various agreements in respect to Asia Minor;
end the agreements eensunmtated fa the winter of
1917 between France and Russia relative to the
frontiers of Germany, particularly in relation to
the Saar Valley and tfae left bank of the Rhine—
of none of these did we have (and when I say
"we," I mean you, Mr. President) any knowledge prior to the conference at Paris!"
The President:    "No Sir.   I can confidently
after all, fae did not "keep ue out of the war."
Will tfaey never learn that tim needs of eapttal
must dominate the course of affaire fa society so
long as the competitive capitalist system remains.
Capital fa tho loom that weaves and shapes the
pattern of our policies.   It fa tfae form within
which sll our sctivttiee must move.   To fail as a
capitalist nation to .secure markets and the control of the sources of raw materials, and to aid fa
securing and keeping them, maintain anntes and
navies and form secret alliances, fai to court disaster.   They are the weapons of tim compet
struggle.   And so, when bourgeois statremen^reiteX
tfaeir voices proclaiming high moralities:
tim devil quotes the seriptures-4ook put
we*> end spur. Labor represents 90 per cent of
tiw people fa every country. Now fa the tfate to
reconstruct society on tfae "eonstitotionsl" prin-
eteie of the rule of'tite mejortty.
ANNOUNCEMENT
W. A. FRROHABD AMD B. JOHJW, ef
Wfanipag, wffl speak fa Vameeever em Bus
day, tim Slat   Place ef Meeting will fat aa-
^s SANTANDER, Snturday^Theeeotinjyfc power
of the new "Liberal" Government In Spain has
not changed things much for the better. A guerilla
warfare, in which, both sides have used assassination, continues between workmen and employers
fa Valencia and Catalonia. In Barcelona, the ae-
sassin of Pablo, Sabader, president of the dyer's
syndicate, has not yet been brought to trial, although several suspects arc; held fay tfae* polios.
The police hare dosed workingmen's meeting
places and made wholesale arrests among strikers;
so much so, that, according to the "liberal" of
Madrid, tfae syndicates have decided to replace
tite names on their membership cards by numbers,
and to suppress nets of membership, in order to
keep names and addresses from falling into tfae
hands of the authorities.
Senor Alvarez, reformist, has presented to tim.
Cortes a petition from the workingmen's societies
of the province of Cordova, representing Some 60.-
000 agrarian workers, protesting against the ssn-
guinary repression of the recent strikes under the
Viceroy La Barrere.
At thfa writing, the British Tirades Congress is   by the trades union congress fa session here.
-
The resolution waa moved by Delegate Williams,
of the Transport Workers, who is a direct action-
fat and wfao urged it aa the first step for tfae ro-*
conciliation of the people's inauguration of a new
era of international co-operation and good-will.
"victory Pc* Direct Action.
£ The champions of direct action today Won a
clean-cut victory by the congress voting to refer
haek a portion of tite parliamentary committee a
report owing to the failure to explain the com-
aa^ta* m&mZ •"£""£ mtmZmTZZ mZ   3fi2»am*tat tSmi """''" T£
sitting in Glasgow. Some 850 delegates are present representing Organized Workers, numbering
5,250,000. Tlus tt an increase fa the trades' unionist movement of over one million since the Congress met last year. We give here a few press reports of the proceedings.' The' letter of Colonel
Kelly must be interesting reading on Russian affairs. We shall have to wait until tbe British
mail arrives for the full text of it Not alone
labor, but important sections of the bourgeofaie
are also thoroughly disgusted and shamed at tfaat
■:
■
FINANCIAL INTRIGUES.
(From tfae "Dairy Herald.")
stances during the war, the bourgeoisie were compelled to delegate a large control of affairs into
the hands of the military junker elam in Britain.
and now the war fa over, timy find it hard to get
that control back again, especially in view of the
increasing influence of the financial interesta who
are largely interested in investments for exploitation schemes in foreign Vountries. These Imperialist financial interests snd the military interests have struck up a close and sinister partnership.   That is why thst section of the bour-
PARIS, Sunday.—A group of American officers
-faave arrived from Archangel who have asked me    geofate represented fay the London Daily News,
to withhold their identity, but whose names are
widely known in tfae United States. They tell a
most interesting tale of the state of mind of tiie
little north Russian town.
Our mission in>psrticular "is believed fa Archangel to have been only .partly military," raid one.
"It fa connected fay Russians wtth a valuable concession obtained fa the spring from the Archangel
Government, ss yet unworked.
five Executions a
"A strong minority in the town is Bolshevik to
sympathy, eertainly. But the Bolshevik ranks are
decimated constantly by executions. I should say
tfaat five or six men were hanged weekly throughout jthe winter snd spring, sometimes more. The
prisons are full.
"Tfae Soviet officials I saw kept their engagements to a hair. Tfae Americans were released
wttfa no more than ten minutes of bai-fsfamg." ,
mmm. - nil | I .  I   I        '
THE GREAT 80CIALI8T PROPHECY
"No more industrial rivalries! No more were 1
Only Labor and Peace,!
"Whether we like ft or not the time has eomb.
when we must either become citizens of the world
or ore the whole of civilization perish. •
"A new order of things is born! The powers of
evil are dying, poisoned by their crime. The covet
oua and the cruel, the deyourers of the peoples arc
perishing of s surfeit of blood.
"Sorely smitten fay.tfae-fault of their blind or
villainous masters, mutilated, decimated, the proletariats yet stand erect.
"Tfaey are going to unite fa order to form but a
sfagte universal proletariat, and we shall see the
fulfillment of tfae great Socialist Prophecy, 'The
unto* of tfae workers will faring peaee to tfae
world.' "—From Address fay Anatole France to tfae
Oangress of the Trade Unions of French Elementary
School Teachers, August, 1919.
(From the "Labor Leader,'* Aug. 21.)    .
The whole of the Mannerheim Government has
now resigned owing to the election of President
Stahlberg. A new Government haa been formed,
wfatefa preauraahly is sntvmilitarist, ss it hss refused to take over munitions sent fay tim Entente
to Helstagfors for tim use of fae Ffanish Army.
These munitions, according to Humanite of Aug.
avc been transferred to the Northwest
Provisional Government
the Manchester Guardian, Common Sense, etc., are
more and mere inclined to look indulgently on tfae
^rWmMBMlilvWM.        "*—*-*Wa#*'       *m*M.        mMM^*.       I Wvl %AM.\J W vlltvllli        mB*mM*^MmMM^^
'.M, aome kfad of a working Alliance between them
and labor for the purpose of breaking the control
of the predatory and warlike Imperialist group
•over the governmental powers of tim country. To
the writer, it seems thst the next elections fa
Greet Britain srill find some sucfa line up of op
peeing forces. Even fat tim Labor froc-teadc Lifa1
era! Alliance did not get a majority fa the United
Kingdom, they will still be likely to secure it, on
terms, from tile constituencies in Ireland.Anyway,
the real issue, tfae clsss straggle, wfll be sufficiently obscured from the masses of the people fay one
means or another.
"• - •    •    *' \
GLASGOW, Sept 9.—Under tim presidency of
Stuart Running, representing tfae postal workers-
the Trade Union Congress, the Parliament of Brit
ish Labor, opened in St. Andrew's Hall here Monday, delegates fa attendance representing organised workers numbering 5,250,000. Thfa fa an increase in the trade unionist movement of over one
million since tho Congress mot fan year.
In his presidential address, Stuart Bunning
vigorously defended tfae action of the Psrlisment-
W *WW** *   W*^**m**J Wmwmmmrrmmwmm*mm-, m^immmr        ^mww *■■ pm        -m*^ -twrn-a*,       mm   mmrm. w^^aa^v-vwv
ary executive of the Trade Union Congress fa refusing to call a speeial assembly to discuss the
question of direct action. It fa ptafa tfaere fa acute
division on tim subject of a general strike on the
government's poliey, and tim question will arise
today on tim proposal of the Dyers' Union to use
the strike for tfae abolition of conscription.
V. 0*8 LRTIR.
Clynes, Tfaonms, Henderson and Haveioek Wfl-
son will use all their eloquence fa defence ef eon-
stitutionalfam, but tfae letter of * Colonel   Kelly,
V. C, giving Ida Impiission ef tim Buaste
tion, and efaargfag tite government wttfa
atety misleading tfae nation has
tfacned the position of "eeflllii and
will voice tfae opinions of the
the Drily "Province."
LABOR CONGEE***  WANT! mCLUTHON  OT
GERMANY IN LEAGUE OF NATiOMB
GLASGOW. Sept. 9.—Co-operation wttfa International Laborites in tfaeir campaign to procure
Germany's admmnon to tfae League of Nations,
and for an immediate revision of "tfae Parfa treaty
provisions, which era faieonsietent wttfa statements
made on behalf ef the Alb'es at the time of tfae
Armfatiee,"   was  overwhelmingly  pledged  today
to secure the abolition of conscription and other'
questions. •     £ ^ '. £.1
The vote to refer back was 2,586.000 to 1,670,-
OW against.
Before tfae vote wss taken, W. W. Stuart Buri-
ning. presiding officer, warned the delegates that
a reference back of tite report would be considered as a censure of the parliament committee.
Chairman Brownlie of tfae executive council of
tfae Amalgamated Engineers, addressed the trades
union congress on tfae question of increasing the
industrial output. He declared it was imperative
to maintain production. Mr. Smillie objected to
a "leeture'Miefag delivered by the speaker, while
Delegate MiRs of the engineers said that Mr.
Brownlie had traduced the workers.
The congress took no action on the subject.
Thm NttionaHiatiffu Scheme
Persons high in labor councils said it was not
easy to forecast the outcome of the agitation for
the nationalisatioft of industries. Tfae miners taay
invite the convention to declare that "fullest and
mote effective action will be token to secure the
nationalization of mines. The congress haa been
pledged year after year to the nationalization of
mines, railways and land, and hence the belief prevailed last night   that   a   resolution   would   be
'J******Jfi*******
Free Trade Favored.
Among the resolutions adopted on Monday was
one in favor of the policy of free trade. Another
resolution pledged the congress to support tfae
unionised actors in tfaeir efforts to unionize all
tfarir amusemente. The sponsor for this resolution argued that ita .passage was necessary hi
order to .secure bettor Hving conditions for and
to protect the morris of chorus girls.
The result of the vote on the parliamentary
committee's report is attributed to speeches by
Robert Smillie, Robert Williams and Frank
Hodges, tim "big three" of the direct actionista.
Attack On 'Winston Ofaurefafll.
Mr. Smillie accused tfae parliamentary committee of denying to organized labor-the opportunity
of expressing ita attitude tfaat the government was
holding power under false pretences, ss tt Wse
elected an poteen it had aface repudiated, and
the eommtttee had lost tfae confidence of tfae trade
"Tfae trade uffJTrnfatt fa Russia today," he said,
"are fighting battles on behalf of SeriaHste of the
world.***
Mr. Smillie denounced Winston Spencer
Churchill in connection with the Russian adventure as "a Gallipoli gambler and pinehback
Napoleon."
CTiairman Bunning eharacterized thfa fayeetive
aa cheap ssressm. •/
John Robert Clynes, former food controller and
Labor member of parliament, defending tfae committee, declared that British trade unionists were
more divided today than at any time during the
war. He counselled the continuance of efforts to
aehieve reforms through the ballot not through
a strihe—From tite f?j£ii»^^wf''-' ■ rNp^1
By M. Phillips Price.
(From "Soviet Russia,'
W what fa the Sovtet aa it
16.)
V
m
today f We faave aeon that, fa tim first days
the Revolution, it was formed out of tfae thousands of informal gatherings of workers and peasants throughout the land whiefa came together to
decide what next to do. The original Soviets were
economic bodies, for it was nstural to expect that
people connected witfa one another by
Work and common material interests sfaould
in times of stress in socfal gatherings. A factory workman's immediate interests ere more
closely bound up Witfa the interests Of fafa aotn-
rades in the same factory than tfaey are .$*£■
workers fa another industry.   For Instance,   the
metal worken depend for their daily bread
tite welfare of the metal industry, tite railwsymen
on the railways, the peasants on tite agricultural
industry.   Ever since man first began to divide
the work of civilization among his fellowmen- he
haa shown a tendency to congregate on the basis
of guilds or special trades.   AH tim more natural
fa it now, fa a highly developed society, fa a state
of temporary flux, that metal workers, railway-
men and peasants   should get together in a different district and discuss tfae subject that most
affect their lives.   The informal eeonomic unions,
Which sprang up in the first days of the Russian
Revolution, became, as wc kayo seen, tim bssis of
the Soviet system.   The most important point to
observe about them fa that tfaey wore todustrial
and had no relation to territorial divisions of society, except in so for aa   geographical and climatic conditions imposed a certain limit to the industrial organization.    Tfae Revolution therefore
brought the Soviets into life on tite economic basis
and for an economic purpose, and fa their   first
inception they were anarchic   and   without any
common plan of action.   During tfae   first   few
, weeks of the Russian Revolution, one Soviet knew
nothing of what tim other Wee doing.   Only after
the first month wss it possible   to   talk   of an
organisation whiefa was gradually uniting and coordinating the actions of all tite Soviets scattered
about the country.   Thfa   en-ordination   berates
most imperative fair tfae ssfotf of tim Revolution,
because the forces of the old social.order, which
had   been  overthrown,   soon   began   to   gather
strength again. Only organized Soviet* could raise
the necessary barrier to reaction.   Only if   they
expanded their activities to broad political
could tfaey possibly safeguard   those meal
mie interests to protect whiefa they originally were
created.   Only by becoming political bodies eould
they guarantee the new social order.   Thus, in'
every town in Russia, the factory committees snd
informal workers' unions united into e Central
Soviet which at once took upon itself the task of
fighting the counter-revolution   and   rontrolling
whatever authority the middle elapses had set up.
Soon tho question waa ratted, whether thfa Central
Soviet whkh was already exercfafag a sort ef control over tfae bourgeois goverosaent, sfaould net
take all political authority into ita hanrfa.   Tfae
controversy tfaat raged about .this question marked
the second stage ef the Revolution, wfatefa ended
fa October, 1917, fa tbe victory of the proletariat
end the expansion of tfae   power   of tho Soviets
from that of indirect political control into tfaat of
direct political responsibility.   Thus in every town
fat Russia after October tite central committee of
all toe Soviets of that district "became responsible
for public order, for the militia, for publie works
end conveniences, and for tite faeal ffaaneea. Tfac_
seme tiling took place fa the villages, where tfae
nnion of peasant communes or later tfae committees of tfae poorer peasantry, which came feme tim
former, replaced tite local dentecratically-elected
body.   Tho latter for tim meet   part   were controlled fay poop« wfao had got into power fai tite
first days of the Revolution and had stuck to tfaat
power ever afaee. Finally these central urban
Soviets and the unions of provincial Soviets sent
their representatives to s great State Congrem of
the whole country. This Congress now meets
every six months and electa a Central Soviet Executive, whiefa fa empowered to act wttfa authority
in the period
ABOUT MAIOM OORE*^
(From "Soviet Russia," August 9.)
People frequently resolve to do things that sre
beyond their powers. Particularly difficult to
carry out is the desire to tell the truth always. It
requires a knowledge of the truth. Tfae motto of
tim New York Tribune, conspicuously printed on '
the firet page of that paper, is: "First to Last-
the Trutfa: News, Editorials, Advertisements." In
view of tfae praiseworthy nature of this ambition,
it is unfortunate thst no one hss informed #"
Tribune that the articles and stories from the pea
\Z stvk^ro^Toa^^ ^fadlLv   <^*^ <^ *#m^   Trifaano   has been
aanlW^ »*-*"* * "^ interwb ****:■*$.  lset few
efaanao wU -^ W»k-V ***** '** ***** Goriry expresses hostility to
fa^ral^s^^ tao "3ovtet -Wnmo^
mic interest tfae Russisn Soviet haa developed into.
a great political power, which is to be reckoned
with fa fateraatteual polities.
But tfaat fay only half tim story. We faave seen
that the original anarchically-formed committees
were tite seed from which the green shoot of the
centralized political Soviet grew. But tt soon began to put forth another shoot—the organized economic syndicate. And it came about in tfafa way.
The workers' factory committees, that elect the local political Soviet for managing the militia, etc.,
long ago, some of them over a year ago. before
Gorky became a complete convert to the Soviet
Government's philosophy and to Che methods of
the Bolshevik Section of tfae Socfalfat Party of
Russia. For the information of tfae Tribune we
add that Gorky is now a prominent administrative
official in the Department of Education st Moscow, and tfaat after tfae supply of its antitSoviet
material gives out. the Tribune can obtain, fa thfa
country, and without upususl difficulty, a rather
large collection of excellent short stories from
Gorky's pep, written at a much later date titan
tfae Tribune's material, and breathing from first
soon began to send their delegates to a conference   to last a passionate love of the achievements of
representing all tim workers divided according to
profession fa tfaat particular district. This movement was in complete antagonism to the old trade
union movement which sought under C—ritm to
divide the workers into a number of craft unions
within the industries. The essentisl feature of this
new economic Soviet or syndicate is that it is organized on the basis of industry end not on tim
bssis of guild. Only in tide way fa tt possible to
prevent the economic power of the workers, the
unity of Which Is ed essential in the struggle
against capitalism, from being broken into jarring
craft unions, all working at cross purposes. Under
the new system the wood-workers snd bookkeepers fa the metal industry must choose tfarir
representatives to look after their economic interests along with the actual metal-workers them-
mlraa.
Tfae same process of organizi ng tite proletariat
industrially fans taken place among tfae rare! peasantry: After tfae October Revolution, the latter
sent tfaeir delegates to a political Soviet whose
duty it was to organize the rural Bed Guard and
keep revolutionary order in the villages. Some-
wfaat later tfaey began to form purely economic
unions, as tim villages began to split up into rich
and poor peasants and tfae conflict between these
two classes began to develop. Western Europeans
imagine tfaat tite Russian pesssnt fa a peculiar creation, wtth habits am) customs of fafa own, living
apart from the rest of the worid fa dirt and ig-
has taught me that fast tfae muse social divisions
are to fae found there fa perhaps slightly differ-
as exist fat tiw more fadawteialixcd rural
ef West tie Europe.. The idea that it fa
to aepstate tfae peasants from the urban
f faTsmnfa and thereby mobilize an aati-
Hwlafaerik foree wttfafa tim country is a fantasy.
clsss earn speculator fa found theae es fa other
lands. And tite urban worker fa Russia wfao supports tim Bolshevik haa an ally fa the village fa
tfae shape of tite landless prassnt, fast aa tim urban middle class hss fafa counterpart fa tfae village corn speculator, ft was natural, therefore,
tfaat tfafa mobflization of tfae Russian village into
two social camps sfaould fae accompanied fay tfae
erewtfa nf in ofirnrionll intone on tim faasfa of the
■ "ra**w •■ WM*  -,.^P»     •.*• w«.»*»»r^^r^r^»^r^r» ■   mmmmmWmMmymww. • ^^■flfc     OTVw    ^**mm^MM *-■!   .  ^wmm-m
new social division. '■- SUtt fay ride wttfa tite' rural'
political Soviet tfaere tfam grew up tim Union of
Laboring Peasants, wfateh   took   upon itself the
duty of wwritfag toe   fattOords' land on a '
munal faaafa.
tfae great proletarian revolution in Russia.
EDUCATIONAL 0LAS8ES.
—
i    ''
f-
' Prepare for your Fell and Winter educational
classes by getting in a good stock of scientific
literature. The usual text books are as follows:—
Philosophy: Socialism, Utopian and Scientific.
Economics: Value, Price and Profit, in addition
as a support we can recommend Wage-labor and
Capital. The present Economic System by Bon-
ger. Abo the first nine chapters of Vol. I Marx'
Capital may be had in a handy volume. Look up
literature Advt
In places where tfaere are no locals those interested might take an example from Comrade*
in New Zealand and fa the United States by forming Marxian Economic Clubs for the purpose of
Study and for correspondence with headquarters on
progress and on such matters <as the students msy
be in doubt
CAPITALIST MIBBULE Ef INDIA.
(Continued From Page One.)
dies no wrong, it stanches not a drop of the ruinous drain, it gives Indians no real power in tfaeir
own country, it leaves the central despotism,
which fa guilty of the Crimea recited above, wholly
untouched. Therefore, the Bill is quite useless
to Hindustan. It fa a sham and a fraud, worthy
otLthe men wfao. have botched tt up. It fa eon-
demned, beforehand, even by passages fa tfaeir
own "
An Anneal to
I faave done for tfae moment But I appeal to
my countrymen, ae one who hss long worked
strenuously for India, to remove from England tho
reproaefa time wfafle Cg*rapg against German rutfa-
leeeuem fa Europe we impose an faionitous despotism upon one-fifth of the entire human race
Our British misrule fa India benefits fa no way
tfae mass of tiie people at home. On the contrary,
it fa politically, socially, economically, and even
commercially, injurious to us. Only a minority
of parasites snd anti-democrats, gain fay ear
dominance in Hindustan. Tyranny there strtng-
tfaens militarism aad illegality here. But on for
higher grounds even titan these, on the grounds all
morality, justice* and common humanity, I fae*
seech all men and women wfao are striving for
frecdom in Europe to take an active pert fa tim
struggle for toe speedy emancipation of fadia S(
The Unsolved Riddl
Tne
I rl£j
A Journal of News and Views Devoted fy the Interests of the WorkjmpQais
SS
VOL. 1   NO. 84
VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY.   SEPTEMBER, 13, 1919
PTVE CENTS
By H. N. Hyndnian, fa "Justice" (London)
t
Popular Ignorance of-India.
.s       '' •■
Comparatively few Englishmen ever take   the
trouble to understand the position which we hold
in India.   Our people today take lem' interest in
this great subject than they did twenty,   thirty,
forty, fifty years .ego.   There is, nowadays, little
or no real public opinion on tfae question.   Tfae
agitations of the past have died down, and the
almost inconceivable blundering end horror of our
misgovernment have been forgotten.   It is high
time that our entire policy should   be taken fa
bind fa esrnest   We sfaould all of us comprehend
tfaat not even the crimes of which Prussianized
Germany has been guilty transcend in infamy tite
cold economic and social ruin wfafafa we ourselves
—for tfae people of Great Britain are responsible
inhabitants of the
white man who purposes to remain. No ruler stays
there to help, to criticise, or to educate hfa successor. No white soldier founds a family. No
white man who makes a fortune builds a house,
or buys an estate for his descendants. The very
planter, the very foreman of works, departs before he is sixty, leaving no child, no house, no
trace of himself behind. No white man takes root
fa India, and toe number even of sojourners fa
among these masses imperceptible." Vet these
waves of white carpetbaggers of an alien, end
even a hostile, race, who pass, pass, pass snd disappear, exercise a despotic authority oyer the
mesa of Indians for in excess of the power at tfae
disposal of the Emperor Akber, the greatest mon-
areh who ever ruled the East .'
doned and the old abuses were granted another
long lease of fife, Sir Louis Malet said to me in
despair: "Our only hope now of justice to India,
Mr. Hyndman, is a revolution in England." That
is, at toe present time, my conviction too. For,
since then, we have extracted from by far the
poorest population in the whole world the enormous sum of £1,200.000,000 without commercial return, and -we have actually borrowed of poverty-
stricken India £150,000,000 to help to finance our
war against the Germanic Powers. Just think
what that
India's Services to England.
Now consider India's services to England during the war, fa return for all tfae ruin we have
wrought; not only economic ruin, though that fa
rnfa.of Iter art. fao*r
. We dominate directly or indirectly in India
more than one-fifth of the entire human race.
re sre no fewer than 315,000,000 of people
under the British flag. Thsi„tt to say nearly seven
times the whole population of the United Kingdom, and more than ell Europe put together, outride Russia. The Roman Empire, at the height
of ite power, never had under its rule one-half the
number of this huge collection of human beings.
China fa tim only country which aver exceeded our
Indian Empire fa population. Of The 315,000,000
tons under our control, 2504)00,000 roughly are
directly ruled by men of our race; 65,000,000 are
in tfae send-independent Indian States, over whom
we exercise s light supervision. There ere many
tew within our borders and several religions, of
wfatefa the two most important are Brafamanism
and Mohammedanism. But within tbe last forty
years toe conception of India aa one great wkole,
possessed of a glorious civilised future, naa grown
up among our fellow-subjeets tram Bonsbay to
Burraah and from the Hfaialayas to Cape Co-
tite huge mass of pauperized ryots
who exist fa the great peninsula, and form the
overwhelming majority ef tfae people, ere faegfav
they suffer from and ace now prevailing aU round
them can not endure for over.
Cfar (faiemta**ktewer Tinaai
wPwgn    ^^tamanm*m**wmm^^wma    aw^arnrantantwe
There are only 200,000 Europeans end Eurasians fa all Hindustan. Of these, orfinarily, 75.-
000 are British troops.     200,000   Europesns, all
i little islands 6000 mile
rely land   in   India   before tfaey are
tfaVltttio
tide:':
by careful study of native taatttotions and
totns, do some good. A few of the old Bast India
Company's servants, sueh ss Sir William Sleenmn,
Sir Henry Lawrence, Mr. A. 0. Hume, Sir Wflliam
Wedderburn, Mr. James Geddea, Meadows Taylor,
Osborn, Evans Bell and others before and after
them, served the people of India weU **•<* Anew
that our domination waa but a transient incident
in the long, long history of India's greatness. But
this is not tim ease now and'never was the rule.
Yet, even if Anglo-Indian, administrators were perfect paragons fa their way, nothing could possibly
make up for tite terrible economic drawbacks
wfa$ch go hand fa hand wttfa our alien system. This
I have never ceased to point out for more than
forty years. British India fate become a very poor
country indeed under our mana#*awnt, itatil today it fa tfae most terrible pauper warreA that haa
ever been seen on tiie planet We drain out of
British India each yesr an stoount equal to considerably more than £30.000,000 without eom-
mereial return; or 50 per fant more titan tfae
total land taxation of all ourlprovtaera^ia from
a country whose agrieuhural population is already
so poor that its annual pro&uetion docs not exceed 15s. a bead! No matter what benefits we
might confer fa other directions—and having
studied tfae subject careful nearly fifty years,
I can detect extremely fow-~*fajs drain of produce
from the poverty-striken ryots fa a crime of tho
first magnitude.
tltiteptad Rsfuite HitglBBitl     '
Iddesleigh, Lord
Cranbrook. Lord Braconsfield, llr. Edward Stanhope snd Sir Leufa Malet raw the truth of thst
contention, and entered upon a poliey which eon-
of India, and introdueed measures into the House
of Commons lesdtag hi that direction.   These men
were aR' Cmmervativea
Permsne     Under-Secretarf r India,
wfao wee an a*.     i :     ' " When oaring to a
should have made use of the difficulties of the
foreign despots and oppressors to demand justice
snd freedom before I raised a finger, in their defence. That at least. India contributed a million
of men to the armies of Great Britain and the
Commonwealths. How they fought we know. Wo
have just given representatives of the Indian
forces a splendid welcome in London to acclaim
their valor and steadfastness.
fadfa's Reward.
The Sikhs, the inhabitants of Umritsur, Lahore,
and the Punjab generally, reconquered India for
us in 1857-58, when we hsd to face the National
Indian Rising, which we call the Mutiny. Bet for
their aid wc should have been driven out of Hindustan sixty-one years ago. Tfaey have served
finely, too, during the war. Splendid soldiers they
are. But the people generally arc quite unarmed.
They could not get up an armed revolt if tfaey
wished to do so. Yet three peaceful, innocent people have been stirred up to general protest hy public meetings in their eitice What have we done t
We have hanged them right and left, we have rent
many into penal ssrvttude without trial, we have
flogged others naked through the streets. Our own
aWocities stand almost on a level wttfa tfae outrages committed fay Germany te Belgium, France
and Poland. Worst of all, wo bombed unarmed
crowds from aeroplanes; and aeroplanes for punitive service are befog rapidly eonsteueted torougfa-
out India. Moreover, the lew fa being " rtrength-
ened" against public speech, freedom of the press
and free association. And for tfafa infamy wo Englishmen at home arc responsible. It is all committed in our name, and claimed to be carried out
on our behalf.
Montagu's Hypocritical Mtaldle.
Under sueh circumstances tt fa not Worth while
to criticize at any length Mr. Montagu's contemptible measure, whiefa haa already been read

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