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Queen Charlotte Islander May 27, 1912

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 C—-*i
ueen Charlotte
.■ggBS
5 -a 'v/t/
■ I ^v
A Weekly Newspaper Published in the interests of the Settlers, and to promote the development of the Queen Charlotte Is!
-*--*-
VOL. 1, No. 39
QUEEN CHARLOTTE, B.C. MONDAY, MAY 27, 1912.
5 Cents per Copy
History Of Queen Charlotte Islands.
Haidas and Their Legends.
By Mr. Charles Harrison.
Article XV.— The Haidas.
When I first came    into    contact the Haidas.   The chopped surface was
with the Haidas there were many vil- so level that a person would believe
lage® that had been inhabited by the at a casual glance that the 'timber
tribes of the erstwhile powerful and had  been sawn.     In some of    the
great Haida nation, at one time the houses there was a door cut into the
Vikings of the Pacific coast.    What side for the use of the slaves only
looked like    f lagstaf fs as I    neared and when this side door was made the
Masset were itotem ipoles, the heraldic slaves were not allowed to enter by
crests of the ancient savage Haidas the door in front of the building. The
whose  native glory began to    fade Haidas seem to be related from the
when the white man made his appear- lowest in rank to the supreme chief
ance on the coast, and whose savage of the nation.    Slaves, who were iu
nature was tamed and softened and thraldom until quite recently, do not
character entirely changed by    the rank.   These slaves were captured in
later teachings of Christianity. When war and were afterwards exchanged
I first came in sight of Masset the and sold  like  dogs.     I have  been
totem poles of the village presented told by an old chief    that    hefore
a scene such as might be seen in a Christianity reached this    coast    a
large shipping port, a forest of in- Haida chief generally had one    or
terminable masts, so numerous were more wives with his female slaves as
they.   In addition to the totem poles j concubines.    The children from the
there was a long row of the large
t ■
native houses built along the gravel
free-horn wives were alone reckoned
as his the children of the slaves be-
beach a*\d the totem poles seemed |ing sold or retained in slavery. Years
at first sight to be erected without ago nose rings were worn amongst
order between the dwellings and the Haidas. These rings gave the
the water. Those who occupied these wearers an unearthly appearance. The
immense houses are now nearly all lobe of the nose was pierced and a
dead and the present generation have piece of whalebone carved into a
taken up their abode in what they semieular shape was inserted. The
generally term "white men's houses." bone was about two inches in length
A Haida house was formerly a struc- and three-sixteenths of an inch in
ture about 100 feet in length and diameter. When in full dress for the
about 75 feet wide. Standing out- feast or the dance the old Indians al-
side of some of these houses you ways used the nose ring. The cedar
could lean on the lower rafters. The tree which grows to perfection in this
sides of these houses were made of latitude furnished the ancient Haidas
immense cedar boards four and five with everything they needed, but
feet in width and capped alt the edges food. From the tree they secured
to turn the water. They were very the rafters and boards for his house,
substantially buttt and would last for and the columns for their totem poles,
fully 100 years. Entering the door and the logs for their canoes. The
in front of the house a few steps led tough fibre of the inner bark mate the very cleanly and comfortable terial for rope, and twine of great
interior, where many families gener- strength, and also for plaiting mats
ally lived with all their possessions clothing, hats, baskets, etc. The out-
piled near them. The cedar hewn i side bark they used for roofing their
for these large houses in proper pro-; houses and being waterproof made
portions was done with stone axes, excellent roofs. The roots are used
the houses having been erected be- for twine, fish hooks and other pur-
fore iron instruments were known to poses.    The young cedar is used for
ribbing canoes/   When I  first met
the Haidas they were skilled in carving and manipulation of stone, clay
gold, silver, copper and wood,    and
the perfection of their work in these
materials indicated a culture of long
standing, and a capacity of no mean
order.   Every part of their stone and
clay works is covered with figures
representing the birds  animals, and
fish  which are to  be seen on the
crest poles.     I also saw one  huge
cedar column or totem pole that was
very highly    and    tastefully   sculptured.    It stood out quite distinctly
from all the others.    It was bought
and  shipped  to  England  about   2?
years ago and now is to be seen iu
a park near the Anthropological Museum at Oxford.    Another very fine
totem pole was bought from Chief
Anetlus at Masset, and this is to be
seen inside of the long room of tho
Anthropological Museum, Oxford.    I
have seen the huge cedar columns
used for building purposes also highly and tastefully   sculptured.     The
slate plates and  dishes inlaid with
mother of  pearl,   which   they  used
to 'make, are from a half to one inch
in thickness and nearly symmetrical,
and rather deep in the concave. The
edges and centre were    beautifully
carved with the Haida crests/ When
I  first came to Masset the Haidas
had stone mortars wihich seemed to
me to be ground out of a gray basaltic rock or stone, the pestle also was
composed of stone.    The mortar was
used for beating up the material that
they were accustomed to use as we
use tobacco.    I believe that    these
stone mortars and    stone    carvings
made by the ancient Haidas during
the stone age./The Haida name for
the white man is Yatz Haade, meaning the iron men from the fact that
all the tools and equipment of *th*»
whites were principally made of iron.
I have also seen many of the ancient
weapons of the Haidas, which at the
present day is impossible to see, as
all 'have been bought up    by    the
agents of the different nations for
their museums.    There were spears
with poles ten feet long, with barbs
made from the   apple tree,    which
grows profusely in the forests, and
from whalebone and other bone ma
terial.    There were also bows four
(Continued on page 4.)
SUMMER
HATS
The Summer Hat season
has arrived and we have
just opened up a big slock
of the latest styles. They
are light and airy. Do not
lose your hair by wearing
that heavy felt hat, but get
one of our light ventilated
Summer ones.
Next week we expect a
big shipment of WALL-
PAPERS—Look for the
announcement. And say,
this hot weather you need
a box of Nyal's Eas'em.
It makes walking a pleasure
and is a sure relief for tired
and sweaty feet.
BEATTIE'S
DEPT. DRUG STORE
QUEEN CHARLOTTE.
SEEDS
Potatoes, Burbank, sack- - $3.00
Potatoes, Early Rose, sack - 3.00
Potatoes, common, sack - - 2.50
Timothy, per pound -      - .35
Kentucky Blue Grass, - - .50
White Clover, r - - - .60
Alsike       -      -      - '-    .40
Sunflower .10
Oats .03
These seeds are Brackman-Ker's
best. It will not pay you to sow any
but the best.
FARM TOOLS
SPADES, - - - $0.90
RAKES,- - - -     .90
HOES,   - - - .75
MATTOCKS,    - - -   1.20
GRUB HOES, -     *   - -   1.00
AXES-Robert Mann's "505,"
best axe made, -    1.40
You can buy tools cheaper, but
you will save money by getting good
ones.
D. Cochrane
Groceries   Dry Goods
Hardware
Queen Charlotte QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
J. M. CAMPBELL, Publisher.
SUBSCRIPTION
In Canada, $2.00; Foreign, $3.00
per annum, in advance.
Advertising Rates
Contract Advertisements $2.00 per
inch per month.
Single   insertions  $1.00  per   inch
per week.
Legal Notices, Government Rates.
" i-iii ii 11 ■ 111 i  im ■i_ri i    i ~r—mn—i
Moving Forward.
There is an old saying about the
Westener who commenced to stake town
lots in every part of the world he visited.
He considered that a man was not
amounting to a great deal who relied on
ancient history and let the chances before him slip by, unnoticed, because his
forefathers thought that the country
was going to the "bow-wows." We
are in the days ef electricity and moving railways trains ; even the air is becoming useful for other purposes than
filling the lungs. We have fish galore
in our waters; timber towers above
every acre of land wherever the eye
rests; coal crops out in many places and
the health-giving climate cannot be excelled anywhere. Eighty miles away
thousands of men are building a transcontinental railway, bringing us nearer
to the great markets of the world.
Ocean liners must pass our doors for the
great new city of modern times. We
are to Prince Rupert what Victoria is to
Vancouver, only one has just been discovered, while the other has a start of
nearly a century. Are we going ahead ?
Sure. When a man can purchase an
acre in a new townsite for seventy-five
dollars, and dispose of it before the
deeds are made out for one hundred and
seventy-five dollars ; and when the man
learns that the purchaser sold the acre
on the same day for two hundred and
twenty-five dollars—it looks like moving
forward quite rapidly. When people
ask " what there is to make this island
go forward," just point to Vancouver
Island and ask what causes the boom in
Victoria just now ? They have no industries there—it is simply looked upon
as a place of residence. With twenty
hours of daylight in Summer, and the
tourist resorts of our islands excelling
anything on the Coast, the people will
find their way across the Straits and
make our inlets their Summer homes.
We will go forward by leaps and bounds
when the railway is completed, and it
behooves all now on the islands to prepare for the rush.
 d~—■	
Prince Rupert And The Islands.
In a recent issue of the Saturday Sunset there appeared an article entitled
"Prince Rupert and Northern British
Columbia," by Norman Macintosh, in
which the writer had the following regarding the Queen Charlotte Islands :
"In dwelling upon Prince Rupert's
prospects from the fish trade, and the
preparations being made along her
waterfront today in anticipation of it,
you  naturally think  seaward  towards
the Queen Charlotte Islands, which are
themselves rich tributary territory to
Prince Rupert, their coming metropolis.
From Massett to Prince Rupert is but
a few hours' steamer journey, and
Massett, with its wonderful inlet,
fathoms deep at all tides, and free from
serious marine obstruction, is going to
be an important point in conjunction
with Prince Rupert. So, too, are Skidegate and Queen Charlotte City, and the
ports of Naden Harbor and Pacofi. At
Pacofi is a fish and fertilizer plant already employing a small army of hands,
and sending large consignments of fresh
fish, fish products, and fertilizer south.
Naden Harbor has a most thriving
whaling industry, which in the regularity of its hauls and the handling of its
raw material and conversion into profitable product, seems to put the whaling
fleets of the Atlantic side somewhat in
the shade. Skidegate has a new cannery enterprise starting in busy earnest
for the great Sir George Doughty of
Grimsby's enterprise, of which much
more may yet be said. Massett promises
to be the key to the Queen Charlotte
Islands oil discoveries, and in many
ways, both piscatorially, agriculturally
and with mineral wealth in view, the
islands are certainly tremendously important to Prince Rupert. Their development is watched with much interest by the whole business community
of Prince Rupert, which is their nearest
and natural supply centre."
A football match was played at the
Indian village last Saturday between the
B. G. Fisheries and The Skidegates.
Unfortunately some of the former team
were delayed until half time. In the
first half, when six a side were played,
the Indians scored five goals to nil. In
the second half, when full sides were on
the field, the B. G.'s obtained one goal
to nil. Murray for the Whites and
Pete Kelley for the Indians were conspicuous in the play. It is proposed to
play another game on Saturday first.
W. J. Sutton, of Victoria, who was
on the Islands thirty-five years ago,
is again looking over Graham Island
and arrived here from Massett by way
of the Yakoun river and Honna valley
on Thursday. Mr. Sutton also visited
the old Cowgitz coal mine and Slate
Chuck on Saturday.
S. S. AIME
A forty-one feet Steam Tug, the most
powerful boat on Graham Island,
FOR SALE OR FOR CHARTER
Equipped with a new patent Hallander
tube boiler and a twenty-five horsepower single engine. Ready in half an
hour's notice, day or night.
Satisfaction guaranteed on all work
done. Towing a specialty. Moderate
prices.
Inquire at Premier Hotel for owners,
or at "Islander" Office.
Mill Boarding House
W. Scowcroft.
£TWus:rwiT_4-r5_wa_i_--t£-tT-r..s
An  Ideal Place  to Spend
a Vacation.
Premier
Hot
p
Queen Charlotte,   -   B. C.
Board  and   Beds  at  reasonable rates.
FRESH MEATS
Roast Beef, - 20c. per lb.
Round Steak - 20c. per lb.
Boiling,    - 16c. and 18c. per lb.
Splendid Shooting and Fishing
to be had in the vicinity.
Only  the   Choicest  Brands   of
Liquors and Cigars kept.
W. J. Smith,  Prop.
<.i'*~f-/vrv^:ir^*T#u,:__r.w?n*^^^
£^iTCjM7tf3iiMltinh»Wi;f.^
soune
Length 26 feet over all; 11 horse-power
Ferro Engine.— For particulars apply to
R. Kitson, Miller Creek.
THE OLD REL'A™ *'
The early bird needs no canary f eed-
and escapes the cage.
I.
Hi
ip.
m
Fishing Company Charter Steamer.
According to Frank Applegreen, who
arrived in town from Tassoo Harbor
last Tuesday, the C.P.R. steamer Otter
has been chartered by the Queen Charlotte Fishing company to make a trip to
their station on the west coast of Moresby Island. Salt, barrels and other supplies for the fishing station will form
the cargo of the steamer, and Mr. R. F.
Mackie, secretary of the company, and
a party will come north as passengers
on the Otter. The steamer was expected to arrive last Saturday.
The station is now well advanced and
fishing will commence within the next
few weeks.
 ,o	
Football Match.
(CAPT. HAAN)
APPLY "ISLANDER"   OFFICE
MASSETT, Q. C. ISLANDS
GraSiam Island Farm Lands Coal Lauds
Owner of SOUTH MASSETT.
Acknowledged by engineers to be the
key to Massett Iniet, nature's double
tracked, tide railroad, serving a saw,
| pulp, coal, farming and fishing territory unsurpassed.
22 Blocks reserved by residents
[ Opening price $50 a lot.    Only a few
blocks for sale.
Also ELLIS & WILSON
Next G. T. P. Townsite Office
I PRINCE RUPERT, B.C. P. 0. Box 2 j
^jjM__Tc_s«r2racxf::'TH3Mr:tfMr^'j*u;*"*i^ _T3W»H*
_ Tsa?T?, 7 ti yTf"3 _C JSZTT _E\I'i3E^~-'VEi_C_J_lii3! SJti ^fliiTj
_^0iri»lK.v,M":1s=-ur:yTVi-a-jnrr5-«- :?:W4r,_WE'Ji»,a
.1
THIRD   AVENUE,   PRINCE   RUPERT.
Complete House Furnishing in all grades
ill
ft
ets
Dressers (
Brass and Iron Beds Blankets      Sheets      Comforts      Pillows ;
Carpet Squares and Linoleums
Complete stcch of Draperies and Brass Pole Fixtures
Ask  for our Catalogue
P. 0. Drawer 1502
Prince Rupert
ti i_m.*x__?i-ts_
Contractors' And Mining Machinery Supplies
Building Materials
Steel     Rails
Agricultural Implements
Teaming and Dump Wagons
MARINE MOTORS
GASOLINE ENGINES
CANADIAN RAND
CO.'S PRODUCTS
Concrete Machinery
Wheels and Axles
Dairy Supplies
C. H. HANDASYDE Jr., Prince Rupert, B.C.
P.O. BOX 436
OFFICE THIRD AVE. QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
f
i
THE
QUEEN CHARLOTTE
ISLANDER
s
I
Is the only Newspaper of
recognised standing published
on the Islands. It is the
People's Paper and has a
circulation unequalled by any
other. To prove this the
"Islander" gets the patronage
of local business men who
advertise in it ONLY.
:
~%
Subscribe for the Islander
In Canada $2.00  Per Annum Foreign $3.00
\m
J
Victoria Day Picnic.
Skidegate Concert Band Successful.
A large number of residents took ad- The Skidegate Indian Concert Band
vantage of the glorious weather on won the challenge cup on Victoria Day.
Victoria Day and went picnicing to the  The competition was held at Terrace, a
Indian village. A jolly company of
about forty left Queen Charlotte at 10
a.m. on the s. s. "Aime," which was
gaily dressed with flags, and after a
pleasant run to the Oilworks, a stop
was made to enable a few more to join
the party. Arriving at the village
shortly after noon, an ideal spot was
selected and before long the ladies had
a kingly "spread" laid out, while Pa
Barge and other prospectors who know
how to make tea, looked after the cup
that cheers. After lunch, races and
games for the young folk were arranged
and carried out, prizes being given to
all. Another feature was the International    race—American,     Canadian,
few miles up the line from Prince Rupert. This is the second year in
succession the local boys have won.
Fuller particulars in next issue.
-o-
Purely Canadian Navy
Not Practicable Declares Capt. Nash in Address
at the Imperial Institute.
Capt. Nash, president of the Queen
Charlotte Fishing company, lecturing
at the Imperial Institute, London, a few
days ago, says a despatch, denied the
practicability   of   a   purely   Canadian
Navy. He deprecated a Canadian money
French, English, Scotch and Irish being contribution to the Imperial Service,
represented—and the dignity of Canada but looked more hopefully on the forma-
was nobly upheld by G. D. Beattie, who
romped home an easy winner. Some
played football, while others roamed
around the beauty spots in the vicinity.
Before returning home tea was again
served and a photograph taken of the.
company. On arrival at Queen Charlotte, which was reached about 7 p.m.,
and on the call of Mr. Russell, cheers
were given for Messrs. Fairbairn and
Johnstone for the free use of their boat,
and to the ladies for providing the good
things to eat, brought a very pleasant
day's outing to a close.
 o	
Boats Arrive For B. C. Fisheries.
tion of a squadron by Canada, combined
with the other overseas Dominions.
Earl Grey, who presided at the meeting,
approved this scheme.
Mr. J. E. Corlett On Visit.
The British Columbia Fisheries, Ltd.,
have now a fleet of three gasoline boats
and a steam tug. The largest is the
Edrie, 75 tons, with a 150 h.p. engine,
capable of doing eight knots. Capt.
Parsons brought her up from Victoria
last week along with 18 fishermen. A
few days later dog-fishing was commenced off the east coast, between
Tl-el and Miller Creek, and we understand fairly good catches were made.
Capt. Hines also brought up the tug
Folsom last week, which will be used
doing towing work between the two
plants at Aliford Bay and Skidegate.
During the past week large catches
of herring of excellent quality were
obtained in the inlet, which are being
used as bait for the dog-fish.
At Skidegate the oil plant is  being
Mr. J. E. Corlett, managing director
of the Moresby Island Lumber Co.,
arrived last Tuesday morning on a visit
of about a week's duration. Owing to
the quiet demand for lumber at present
Mr. Corlett stated that the mill would
only cut up what was required for the
local market this Summer. Later on,
probably August, logging operations
will be started and continued all Winter,
and next Spring the mill will be running
at its fullest capacity.
Scotch Red Deer For Queen Charlottes.
The famous red deer of the Scottish
Highlands are to be bred in British Columbia to form an addition to the
native species as an attraction for the
hunter. Two herds, one from the estate
of the Duke of Sutherland, and another
ftom the estate of Mr. C. J. Lucas, are
already arranged for by Provincial Game
Warden Bryan Williams and will reach
British Columbia early in September.
It is proposed as soon as the animals
reach Vancouver to have them transferred to Chilliwack, where they will be
kept for a year or so to become proper-
thoroughly overhauled, and several new ly acclimatized and accustomed to the
and larger vats are being erected. The native grasses. Later on they will be
manufacture of oil will be commenced removed to Graham Island and some of
immediately. So as to enable the easier the smaller islands where natural pro-
handling of heavy oil drums, pipes will tection will be afforded them,
be laid from the vats to the wharf, where 0	
the drums can be filled just as quickly      ,, _    ,        „. , , u
,    . , .  ,    ,.      , ,      \      J      Messrs. Graham, Hickey and Horner
and with a great deal less labor. A new &fter Spending several weeks prospect-
wharf will be built and the old one re- ing 0n the west coast, returned on
paired in which arrangements for the Thursday afternoon.
loading and unloading of freight speed- The death occurred in Victoria recently of Miss Agnes Deans Cameron, the
well known writer and traveler. Miss
Cameron visited the Islands three years
ago in search of material for one of her
books.
The steamer Prince John on her last
trip to Massett struck an uncharted
rock in the inlet. On her arrival at
Prince Rupert an examination as to the
extent of damage was made, and as
they were slight, she was  allowed to
ily will be introduced.
T. C. Murray, representing the wholesale firm of McKay, Smith & Blair,
Vancouver, is in the city on business.
Miss Graham of Victoria arrived here
last week on a visit to her sister, Mrs.
W. H. Fairbairn.
W. J. Storrey of  W. Wark & Sons,
Prince Rupert, is here on a business proceed to Queen Charlotte, consequent
■visit. ty DemS a day late through the mishap. QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
Empress Hotel
PRINCE RUPERT,
B.C.
Private telephones in every room. Hot and Cold running water.
No extra charge for Baths.
Lunch Counter and Dining Room in Connection.
Bar Pool Room Barber Shop.
Electric Lighted
Well Heated
Centrally Located
Third Avenue
——————
Most Complete Manufacturing and Repair Department in Northern B. C.
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
J. S. GRAY & SON
Late Foreman for R. Hemsley, Watch Inspector
for all' the Railroads running into Montreal.
Manufacturing Jewellers, Diamond Mounters, Engravers,
Watchmakers and Graduate Opticians
Agents for the Victor Gramaphones and Records.
Sole Agent for the Stanley Pianos.        Eyerything in Rubber Stamps made
to order.        Repairs promptly attended to.
Helgerson Block  p ° Box 78  Prince Rupert
ZHXB3 3KTSEW—.'2
< _!E:^r.--aEnBi>ygP_g7ji^srir ■^•r&jrxi=JiB?MZ>r37aiXXM^i.-iixz:i
i
d Banff Whisky
Guaranteed   12,  10, 7 or 5 Years Old by
THE  DISTILLERS
JAMES SIMPSON & SONS, LTD.
ESTABLISHED  1823
VICTORIA  OFFICE
535 YATES STREET
PHONE 288
N. B.— This is the finest Whisky, age for age, in Canada. If you don't
believe it taste it or test it, submit it to any good judge of Scotch or to any
known test or analysis of Whisky. It is cheaper than many and better than
most.    Ask your dealer for it, and call for it in your Hotel.
Books and Stationery
Office Furniture        Drawing Materials
Kodaks       Remington Typewriters
McRae Bros.  Ltd.
Prince Rupert, B.C.
Hayner Bros/
Furniture Dealers
Prince Rupert
If you don't boy from us WE both lose money.
Linoleums, Carpets, Stoves and Everything for the Home. Singer's Sewing
Machines, Pianos, Edison's Phonographs, Funeral Directors and Em-
balmers.   Monuments and Headstones
Hotel Winters
Cor. Abbott and Water Streets
VANCOUVER, B. C.
European Plan   -   $1.00 to $2.50
Rooms with Baths.
Hot and cold water.    Steam heated.
Bus meets all boats and trains
J. A. LEROY      Proprietors       J. NATION
A. Faulds, M. I. M. E.
Consulting Mining Engineer
Examinations  and   development on
Coal,   Metal,   Oil,   etc.
709 Dunsmuir Street
Vancouver, B. C.
UNDERWOOD
TYPEWRITER
" The Machine yon will eventually buy."
MACEY    Filing Systems,   Furniture, &c.
C. H. HANDASYDE Jr.
Complete Office Outfitter
P. 0. Box 436  PRINCE RUPERT, B.C.    3rd Ave
H.F.McRae&Co.
We buy and sell  City Lots, Farm
Lands and Mines.
List your property with us.
Insurance     in    all    departments.
315 Second Ave., Prince Rupert
PrinceRupert Hardware
and Supply Co.
GENERAL HARDWARE      SPORTING GOODS
MINERS' SUPPLIES.
PRINCE RUPERT,       -      -      B. C.
SKIDEGATE HOTEL
C. DE PAPE, Proprietor.
First-class accommodation for visitors.
Meals at all hours. Beds from 25c. up.
Reasonable Rates by the Day or Week.
Free information given to parties
looking  for land.
Frank D. Rice
B.  C. Land Surveyor
Mineral Claims, Town Sites,
Timber Limits,   Sub-Divisions,   etc.
Underground Surveying.
Room 12 Pender Chambers
522 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.C.
LAND ACT.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District—
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Frederick N. D.
Rosher, of Victoria, occupation miner,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted on the
East? side of Fall River at its mouth,
thence 40 chains south, thence 80 chains
east to shore line, thence following shore
line to point of commencement.
Frederick N. D. Rosher
Charles E. Pomeroy, agent.
Date 14th May, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District—
District of Skeena.
Take notice that A. M. Miller, of
Skidegate, occupation farmer, intends
to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: • Commencing
at a post planted on Leading Island,
Skidegate Inlet, situated between Maud
and Moresby Islands, about three-quarters of a mile south of Aliford Bay, and
containing about 30 acres more or less.
A. M. Miller.
Date 14th May, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District—
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Catherine Miller, of
Skidegate, occupation married woman,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands :
Commencing at a post planted on an
Island about half a mile North of Aliford
Bay, said island being largest of a group
which lies north of it; containing about
two acres more or less. This Island to
be known as Miller's Island.
Catherine Miller.
Date 14th May, 1912.
The Islander $2 a Year
W. G. Reinhart
Begs to announce that his
Power Sloop "Mavis"
Is open for Charter by the Day or
Week to carry Freight and Passengers to any points on the Islands.
For terms apply at the "Islander"
Office.
J. L. BARGE
Carpenter and
General Contractor
Queen Charlotte.
SASHES,   DOORS,   MOUDLINGS,
GLASS,     PUTTY     Etc.,
always in stock.
Funeral Director.
Henry Edenshaw's Power Sloop
" Josephine "
Union Engine 15 H. P.
Is open for Charter by the Day or Week .
for the carrying of Freight to any point \
on the Queen Charlotte Islands.
The "Josephine'' is the largest power
boat on the Queen Charlottes and makes
regular trips to the West Coast.
For further particulars and information apply to
Henry Edenshaw, Massett.
Tow Hill General
= Store =
GROCERIES DRY GOODS
GENERAL HARDWARE
HAY and OATS
Goods delivered to all points along the
North Beach between Massett and Rose
Spit by arrangement.
J. K. ANDERSON QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
y
Water Notices.
LAND   ACT.
COAL NOTICES.
Notice is hereby given that Wilfred
Doughty of Skidegate, Q. C. I., fish
packer, will apply for a license to take
nd use 2 cu. ft. per sec. of water out
of Oliver creek, which flows in a northerly direction through Lot 4, Moresby
It land, and empties into Alliford Bay
near the cannery under construction.
The water will be diverted at about
1-2 mile up-stream, and wili be used for
industrial purposes on the land described as Lot 4, Moresby Island.
This notice was posted on the ground
on the 4th day of April, 1912. The
application will be filed in the office of
the Water Recorder at Prince Rupert,
B.C. Objections may be filed with the
Water Recorder, or with the Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Wilfred Doughty, applicant
by Geo. E. Gibson, agent.
Water   Notice.
Notice is hereby given that Wilfred
Doughty of Skidegate, Q. C. L, fish
packer, will apply for a license to take
and use 2 cu. ft. per sec. of water out
of Dempster creek, which flows in a
northerly direction through Lot 835,
Moresby Island, and crown land, and
empties into Alliford Bay near theN.E.
corner of Lot 835" The water will be
diverted at about 1-3 mile upstream,
and will be used for industrial purposes
on the land described as Lot 4, Moresby
Island.
This notice was posted on the ground
on the 4th day of April, 1912. The application will be filed in the office of
the Water Recorder at Prince Rupert.
Objections may be filed with the Water
Recorder, or with the comptroller of
water rights, Parliament Buildings,
Victoria.
Wilfred Doughty, applicant,
by Geo. E. Gibson,agent.
Water  Notice.
Notice is hereby given that Wilfred
Doughty of Skidegate, Q. C. I., fish
packer, will apply for a license to take
and use 1 en. ft. per sec. of water out
ofAxmans creek, which flow's m a
westerly direction through lots 829 and
4, Moresby Island, and empties into
Alliford Bay near the north boundary of
Lot 4.
The water will be diverted at about
1-2 mile upstream, and will be used for
industrial purpsses on the land described as Lot 4, Moresby Island.
This notice was posted on the ground
on the 4th day of April, 1912, The
application will be filled in the office of
the water recorder at Prince Rupert.
Objections may be filed with the water
recorder, or with the comptroller of
water rights, Parliament buildings,
Victoria.
Wilfred Doughty, applicant,
by Lionel Crippen, agent.
LAND ACT.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District-
District of Skeena.
Take notice that I, Charles M. Mclntyre, of Queen Charlotte, B. C,
occupation telegraph operator, intend
to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing at a post planted at the S. W.
Corner of an island one quarter of a
mile S.E. of Bare Island, Skidegate Inlet, thence 10 chains north, thence 15
chains east, thence 10 chains south,
thence 15 chains west, including the
whole island.
Charles M. Mclntyre.
Date 22nd April, 1912.
tmrnz iv •,vn,ivitatj%jrsw^wttm-r*r>M
The Islander $2 a Year
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District.
District of Skeena.
Take notice that A. W. Carter, of
Skidegate, Q.C.I., occupation cannery-
man, intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described lands;
Commencing at a post planted at the
South-east corner of Lot 4, Moresby
Island, thence 11.85 chains south,
thence 40.00 chains west, thence 11.54
chains north, thence 40 chains east, to
point of commencement, and containing
45 acre's, more or less.
A.W.Carter
by Lionel Crippen, agent.
Date April 5th, 1912.
Take notice that thirty days from date,
I, W. Wilson Irwin, of Vancouver, B.C.,
broker, intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on and
under 640 acres of land on Graham Island
described as follows: Commencing at a
post planted three-quarters of a mile
north of the North-west corner of Lot
60, thence east 80 chains, thence north
eighty chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains to place of comment. W. Wilson Irwin, Locator
Per Alexander Faulds, Agent
Dated this 19th day of February, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District.
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Wilfred Doughty of
Skidegate, B.C., occupation fish packer,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
North-east corner of Lot 835, Moresby
Island, thence north about 4 chains to
high water mark, thence westerly along
the high water mark to the north boundary of Lot 835, thence east along the
said north boundary of Lot 835 to the
point of commencement, containing 30
acres more or less.
Wilfred Doughty
J. H. Pillsbury, agent.
Date March 27, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District.
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Wilfred Doughty of
Skidegate, B.C., occupation fish packer,
intends to apply for permission to lease
the following described foreshore: Commencing at a post planted at High water
mark, about 300 feet northerly from
the N.E. corner of Lot 835, Moreshy
Island, thence following along the shore
line around the head of Aliford Bay for
a distance of 60 chains, more or less, to
the north boundary of Lot 4, and including all foreshore below high water mark.
Wilfred Doughty
J. H. Pillsbury, agent.
Date March 27, 1912.
Queen. Charlotte Islands Land District—
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Robert Johnson of
Massett, occupation farmer, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted about 80 chains in a
Northerly direction from the North-east
corner of A. P. 8663, Massett Inlet,
Graham Island, thence west 15 chains,
thence north 40 chains, thence east 5
chains,  thence along the shore line to Graham Island—-Skeena District
Take notice that thirty days from date,
I, W. Wilson Irwin, of Vancouver, B.C.,
broker, intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on and
under 640 acres of land on Graham Island
described as follows: Commencing at a
post planted one and three-quarter
miles north of the North-west corner of
Lot 60, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains to place of commencement.    W. Wilson Irwin, Locator
Per Alexander Faulds, Agent
Dated this 19th day of February, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District.
District of Skeena.
Take notice that I, Fred. C. Elliott,
of Victoria, B. C, occupation solicitor,
intend to .apply for permission to prospect for coal and petroleum on the following described lands: Commencing at
a post planted at the South-east Corner
of Section 36, Township 5, Graham
Island, marked F. C. E.'s S.E. Corner,
thence north 40 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence south 40 chains, thence
east 80 chains to point of commencement. Fred. C. Elliott, Locator.
John S. Taylor, agt.
Dated 27th Jan., 1912.
Graham Island—Skeena District
Take notice that I, James H. Hickey,
of Prince Rupert, B.C., occupation prospector, intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum over and
under 640 acresof land bounded as follows: Beginning at a post planted on
South-east corner, about one mile west
of coal license No. 4453, thence west 80
chains, thence north 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80 chains
to point of commencement, containing
640 acres more or less.
James H. Hickey
Located Nov. 24th, 1911
point of commencement.
Robert Johnson
Date Feb. 8th, 1912.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District—
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Charles Harrison, of
Massett, B.C., occupation notary public,
intends to apply for permission to lease
the following described lands: Commencing at a post planted about 40
chains distant and in an Easterly direction from the South East Corner of
A. P. 8710, Massett Inlet, Graham
Island, thence west 40 chains more or
less, thence north 40 chains more or
less, thence east 40 chains more or less,
thence in a southerly direction following
the shore-line to point of commencement, containing 160 acres more or less.
Charles Harrison.
Date April 11th, 1912.
Take notice that I, James H. Hickey,
of Prince Rupert, B.C., occupation prospector, intend toapply to the chief commissioner of lands for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over and
under 640 acres of land bounded as follows: Beginning at a post planted on
North-west corner, about three miles
west of coal license No. 4454, thence
south 80 chains, thence east 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence west 80
chains to point of commencement, containing 640 more or less.
James H. Hickey
Located Nov. 24th, 1911
cr.- uwi' t tM-."n ■»■: -. i-1; w.wtB&*unmB,ium
■BHaaMMMMn.««' ivttsa■
For Sale, SEED POTATOES
Aslicroft, Early Rose and Ohio.
Good croppers and  excellent  keepers.
For  further   particulars   apply  to
W.PRETTEJOHN,
Hydah P.O.,
Graham Island,    B.C.
Graham Island—Skeena District
Take notice that I, Robert Graham,
of Vancouver, B.C., occupation prospector, intend to apply to the chief commissioner of lands for alicense to prospect
for coal and petroleum over and under 640
acres of land bounded as follows: Beginning at a post planted on North-east
corner, about one mile west of coal
license No. 4452, thence south 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less. Robert Graham
Located Nov. 24th, 1911
HAIDAS AND THEIR LEGENDS
(Continued from page 1)
feet in length with strings of spruce
root and arrows tipped with mussel
shells ground to a point about two
inches long and ingeniously fixed in
the wood. There was also a native
jeweller in each village who made
from half dollar and dollar silver
coins, and also from gold coins,
bracelets, bangles, finger rings and
ear rings. The first man to attempt
the manipulation of the silver and
gold coins was Chief Edenshaw. The
coins were beaten <Dut to the desired
thickness and width, and then bent
into shape and carved. Some of the
bracelets fastened with clasps whilst
'Others were made so as to retain
their shape by the natural spring of
the metal. The finger rings at first
were not joined after being sent to
shape; they were made both plain
and ornamental, and sometimes two
hearts were carved on them. Formerly I have observed and with great,
interest the Haidas at the graves of
their dead. After uncontrollable"
bursts of excessive wailing, a long
silence and hushed stillness pervades
the atmosphere, and then I could
imagine that someone was asking
Questions of the deceased and awaiting an answer. I firmly at that time
believed that they were really convinced they were talking to the dead
and they appeared satisfied and
comforted accordingly. After the
burial ceremonies were over and the
peroration setting forth of the deceased's virtues and many good deeds
had been quietly listened to, the funeral ceremony was sometimes concluded with a large distribution of
goods at the grave side. I have seen
at the burial of one chief every Indian according to his rank carrying-
blankets to the grave of the chief
they were burying, the women likewise brought roll after roll of prints
and ginghams, and after the peroration had been made by the highest
chief in rank there present a grand
distribution of all these goods was
made. Now all these things arc
changed, and every one as given a decent Christian burial.
(To be continued next week.)
Deaths in Massett Band.
Three of the Massett Indians died
recently at Naden Harbor and were interred on the reserve. Joseph Skil-
gates, Old John, and Mrs. Christopher
Matthews succumbed to the ravages of
old age and tubercolosis. Mrs. Matthews was a young woman and her
demise was much regretted by a large
number of relatives and friends. QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
Pioneer Steam Laundry
rince Rupert, B. C.
For Good Work and Quick Service send
your Clothes to us.
Grand  Trunk   Pacific  Railway  Official
Watch Inspector
R. W. CAMERON
Watchmaker   and  Jeweler
Prince Rupert, B.C.      P.O. Box 449
Complete Stock  of  Patent Medicines,
Drugs and Druggists' Sundries
C. H. ORME
The     Pioneer      Druggist
PRESCRIPTIONS   A   SPECIALTY
Agent for
Eastman's Kodaks, Films and
Su pplis.
Sole Agent for
Rexall Remedies for Northern B. C.
THE REXALL STORE.
PRINCE RUPERT. P.O. Box 1523
Ih. Kaien Hardware Co.
Builders' Supplies       Tools       Paints
Paints    Oils    Glass    Stoves    Ranges
Tin and Hardware.
Prince Rupert, B.C.   P.O. Drawer 1524
PRINCE RUPERT PANTORIUM
Sixth Street, between 3rd Ave. and Fraser
Pioneer Cleaners
Reliable work in Cleaning, Pressing and
Repairing.   French Dry Cleaning
a Specialty.
Frizzell's Meat Market
GEO. J. FRIZZELL
Butcher and Provision Dealer
Prince    Rupert,     B. C.
Job Printing
At "ISLANDER" OFFICE
For a Strictly up-to-date
Tailor Made Suit
Try SWEDER BROS.
Merchant Tailors
PRINCE RUPERT.
When in Prince Rupert
See
Martin O'Reilly
For
Fine Tailored Clothing
Furnishings, etc.
Hotel Central
Peter Black, Prop.
Spacious Travelers' Sample
Room.
Steam Heated Electric Bells
Corner First Avenue and Seventh Street
PRINCE RUPERT.
Savoy Hotel
American  and  European  Plan
The only House in Prince Rupert
with hot and cold running water
in all rooms.
Rooms 50c. up.
Only the Best Brands of Liquors
and Cigars carried.
Coraer Fifth and Fraser Streets, Prince Rupert
A. J. Prudhonune, Prop.
New Knox Hotel
Besner & Besner, Props.
The New Knox Hotel is run on
the European plan. First class
service. All the latest modern
improvements.
The Bar keeps only the best
brands of liquors and cigars.
The Cafe is open from 6.30 a.m.
to 8 p.m.   Excellent cusine.
Beds, 50c. and Up.
First Avenue    -   Prince Rupert
Dominion Hotel
Victoria, B. C.
American Plan $2 and Up
European Plan 75c. and Up
Otis Elevator Steam Heat
Rooms with or without bath
Long distance phones in rooms
Running hot and cold water
Spacious Dining Hall
Comfortable Office and Lounge
Free Busses       Central Location
Thomas Stevenson
Manager
Stephen Jones
Proprietor
The A. W. Edge
Company
Importers and Dealers in
Wallpapers, Burlaps,  Moulding
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass,
Brushes, etc.
Prince Rupert, B. C.
T. R. Davey, Mining Engineer and Notary Public
J. M. Campbell
T. R. DAVEY & Co.
Real Estate and Mining
Box 63 Qeeun Charlotte, B. C.
Write ns for Farming Lands, Coal, Petroleum
and Mining Properties.
One of the best Water Front Lots on Queen Charlotte
Townsite for Sale.    Price Easy for Cash.
RANCHES FOR SALE.
Graham Island
on account of the immense wealth of its natural resources, is fast coming
into prominence in the eyes of investors in British Columbia. Do you
know that the
FARM LAND.
of Graham Island is unexcelled in northern British Columbia ?
Do you know that the climate of Graham Island is as good as that of
any part of the Pacific Coast ?
We are offering the choicest agricultural land  of  Graham  Island  for
sale in tracts of 40 acres or more, at the exceptionally low price of
Y
$12.50 Per Acre upon very easy terms
Our booklet gives some facts and figures which will interest and convince you.   Write for it, or better yet, call personally.
MERRILL & MERRILL
710 Bower Building, 534 Granville St.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
COAL AND PETROLEUM NOTICES.  COAL AND PETROLEUM NOTICES.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, Henry Osterman,
occupation capitalist, of Walla Walla,
Wash., intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on the
following described lands : Commencing at a post planted in the S. W.
Corner of Sec. 5, Tp. 8, Graham Island,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80 chains
east, thence 80 chains south, thence 80
chains west to place of beginning, containing   640 acres.
Located Jan. 17th, 1912.
Henry Osterman
Per C. D. Emmons, agt.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, Henry Osterman,
occupation capitalist, of Walla Walla,
Wash., intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted in the S. W. Corner
of Sec. 32, Tp. 9, Graham Island, thence
80 chains north, thence 80 chains east,
thence 80 chains south, thence 80 chains
west to place of beginning, containing
640 acres.
Located Jan. 17th, 1912.
Witness: Henry Osterman
J. W. Coovert.   Per C. D. Emmons, agt.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, George H. Snell,
occupation capitalist, of Walla Walla,
Wash., .intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted in the N. W. Corner
of Sec. 29, Tp. 9, Graham Island, thence
80 chains south, thence 80 chains east,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80 chains
west to place of beginning, containing
640 acres.
Located Jan. 17th, 1912.
Witness: George H. Snell
J. W. Coovert.    PerC. D. Emmons, agt.
Skeena Land District -District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, George H. Snell,
occupation capitalist, of Walla Walla,
Wash., intend to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license to
prospect for coal and petroleum on the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted in the S. E. Corner
of Sec. 31, Tp. 9, Graham Island, thence
80 chains north, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains south, thence 80 chains
east to place of beginning, containing
640 acres.
Located Jan. 17th, 1912.
Witness: George H. Snell
J. W. Coovert,   Per C. D. Emmons,, agt.

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