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Queen Charlotte Islander Dec 18, 1911

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 •
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A Weekly Newspaper Published in the interests of the Settlers, and to promote the development of the Queen%h$ratf$I*kpds.    JJ
''»»»»£<-.-..I
VOL. 1, No. 17.
QUEEN CHARLOTTE, B.C. MONDAY, DECEMBER 18,  1911.
5 Cents per Copy.
History Of Queen Charlotte Islands, closins Demonstration,
Haidas and Their Legends.
By Mr. Charles  Harrison.
Chapter III.
The Mineral Wealth of Queen Charklte Islands—Coal.
The most northerly cretaceous coa!
fields in British-Columbia is that part of
our islands which covers the Yakoun
valley between Skidegate Inlet and the
head of Massett Inlet, Graham Island.
The cretaceous formation is also found
on parts of Moresby Island, and on both
sides of Skidegate Inlet. I believe the
lower rocks of Graham Island to contain anthracite and bituminous coals of
good quality, and that in the near
future we shall have extensive mines in
full operation. The coal%to be found in
the tertiary formation as far as my experience goes, is an excellent lignite and
the best that can be obtained for coking
purposes and steamboat fuel. The indications over two-thirds of Graham
Island are very promising, and the coal
bearing districts are only awaiting the
arrival of the capitalists, when I have
no doubt they will be very, productive
and splendidly repay any investment,
that is "made for their development.
The largest portion in the centre of
Graham Island may be described as a
huge coal bed. This mineral also has
been found cropping out at various
points on the west. Taking everything
into consideration, our coal fields when
developed and in full operation, will be
the means of establishing large and
thriving towns at various points on our
island. Already there are five companies operating and boring with
diamond drills on Graham Inland, two
in the neighborhood of Skidegate and
three on Massett Inlet. All these companies say they have a good marketable
coal on their properties, but by drilling
they will obtain the exact status regarding the seams, the quality and the
quantities..
It is vaguely reported that the coal
beds at Cowgitz attracted attention as
far back as 18G5. These coal measures
are deemed to be anthracite and the coal
compares favorably with the coal of
Pennsylvania. Dr. Dawson states that
the principal openings have been made at
a distance of about a mile in a north,
north-westerly direction from Anchor
Cove. The Queen Charlotte Coal Mining Company was formed in Victoria in
1865 to open the deposits of anthracite
which had been discovered there, and in
the attempted development of the property a large sum of money was expended
between that date and the abandonment
of the enterprise about 1872. The mine
was connected with the coast hy a substantial  tramway   and   the   necessary
buildings for the accommodation of the
men erected, with screens and all the
appliances for a large output. It is very
desirable to take into careful consideration all the circumstances which have
operated in bringing about the unfortunate suspension of this enterprise, not
only in the interests of those who have
invested money in it, but on account of
the importance which would attach to
the discovery of really workable deposits
of anthracite coal on the Pacific seaboard. Mr. Richardson at the time of
his visit in 1872 enjoyed facilities for
the examination of the immediate
vicinity of the mine not existing at
present, for during the years intervening a thick growth of bushes and weeds
have covered everything, and the various tunnels and openings have much
deteriorated in condition. The position
of the coal is best shown in the opening
called Hooper Creek tunnel, but spoken
of afterwards as Kings tunnel. Where
first struck the coal showed from two to
three feet thick of good anthracite. It
increased in a short distance to a total
of about six feet, in which there were
two viens of pure coal averaging three
feet and one foot three inches in thickness respectively, but separated by a
shaly mid-rib of about six inches.
Towards the end of the tunnel the seam
gradually narrowed, and where the work
was stopped Mr. Richardson could not
convince himself that any coal was
present, though it is stated in a report made to the directors in 1869 that
the seams where abandoned had again
expanded to a width of one foot six
inches.' This outcrop called Kings vein
was discovered by Mr. King in 1867, and
after it had been opened by the tunnel
above described in 1869, about 800 tons
were extracted and a portion of it
shipped to Victoria. The last attempt
to mine this deposit seems to have been
made about fifteen years ago, but none
of these efforts have ever been attended
with much success. The workings have
long since been abandoned and the tunnels have now fallen in, so that any exploration of them at the present time
would be dangerous. This year a great
deal of interest has been centred in the
prospective mining operations of the
British Pacific Coal Company who own
a large area of coal land near Queen
Charlotte City. The coal is a semi-
anthracite, according to the opinion of
one of the best coal experts in Western
(Continued on page 3)
A closing demonstration was given on
Friday afternoon by the school children
before leaving for the Christmas vacation. The school-room was gayly
decorated with flags and evergreens and
a splendid exhibit of writing and water-
color work was greatly admired by the
large number of parents and others
who attended. School Trustee J. L.
Barge, addressed the children and congratulated them and their teacher, Miss
Atkins, on the splendid work achieved
during the session just closed. Short
speeches were made by a number of the
visitors and a programme of recitations
were given by the following : Fosey
Fraser, Lawrence Young, Dorothy
Barge, Nola Young and Mary Archibald.
Prize-winners in writing competition:
Senior Grade— Azeline Girard.
Intermediate Grade—Kiyo Katsura.
Junior Grade -Juliette Girard and
Mervin Young.
Primary Class-—Alice Miller.
The prizes were given by Mr. D.
Cochrane and those who judged - the
writing were Mrs. Kitson, Mr. Barge
and Mr. Adams.
Promotions from Second Reader to
Junior Third Class—Nola Young, Juliette
Girard and Dorothy Barge (some subjects.)
Promotions from Second Primer to
First reader—Bertha Girard, Robert
Archibald and Mervin Young.
LOCALS.
By a fire which occurred last Tuesday
afternoon, several young men employed
drilling for the Northern Anthracite
Collieries, lost nearly all their outfit.
Mrs. Smith, a resident at the Indian
Village, died last Wednesday after a
prolonged illness.
Mr. Turner, of the Moresby Island
Lumber Co., left on Friday night on a
short business trip to Rupert.
W. G. McMorris, accompanied by
several shareholders of the BritishPacific
Coal Co., arrived on the "Mary" last
week on a short visit of inspection.
Mr. Ikeda passed through last week
for Ikeda Bay on a month's visit to the
mines there.
The " Princess Mary " arrived in port
from the south late Wednesday night
after a stormy trip. Very rough
weather was encountered crossing the
Straits and considerable water was
shipped. After discharging freight she
left for Moresby Island ports.
The usual weekly meeting of the St.
Andrew's Literary Association was held
last Wednesday night and the subject
on the programme was a debate: "Government ownership and control of the
licensing traffic in preference to the
present system." Mr. McGillvray took
the affirmative and Mr. Fairbairn the
negative. Both speakers in their'twenty
minutes oratibn put up strong arguments
in favor of their respective parts, and
were supported by others who took part
in the disscussion. President Archibald
acted as critic and reviewed the speeches
both for and against. A vote was taken
and by a majority supported the view's
as expounded by Mr. Fairbairn. Next
Wednesday will be devoted to a "Newspaper Night."
Are now on display and we are proud of the bunch
this year. Every article is the best the market produces
and at prices to suit every pocket.
Bound Books
The latest in Poetry and Prose in
cloth and leather.
A full line of Picture Books.
Dolls
At all prices, dressed and  otherwise, rag and kid.
Bears   and   other   animals,   also
doll's cradles, tea setts, etc.
Silverware
Be sure and see the Fruit and
Cake Dishes, Napkin Rings, Pickle
Jars, Butter Dishes, etc.
Toys of All Kinds
The latest and best in Mechanical
Toys, also Engines, Trains.
Games of all Kinds.
Fancy Goods
Come and see these for yourself.
Shaving Sets, Back Combs, Barettes,
A lovely line of Clocks, Toilet Cases,
Work Baskets, Case Pipes, etc.
BEATTIE'S Dept. Drug Store QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
J. M. CAMPBELL, Publisher.
SUBSCRIPTION
In Canada, $2.00; Foreign, $3.00
per annum, in advance.
Advertising Rates
Contract Advertisements $2.00 per
inch per month.
Single insertions $1.00 per inch
per week.
Legal Notices, Government Rates.
Future Development.
With   the   political   horizon   cleared
through the recent election, it will now
be in order to take up matters of interest to the islands, matters that should
receive early and earnest consideration
It the hands of those elected   to represent this section of the province in
both Houses of Parliament.   The paramount question is the opening up of the
lands and the many resources that are
now dormant,   and preparing for  the
large influx of settlers that will surely
follow the completion of the transcontinental railway.    It is not advisable to
inform would-be settlers that the islands
are composed of prairie land, ready for
the plough. There are places that might
be cultivated, after a small expense, in
clearing; but this is not a dairy country,
and there will be a great deal of hard
work in preparing any large areas of
land for farming purposes.   The timber
resources  will  be  the  main source of
wealth, while the coal and other minerals
should bring the islands prominently before the incoming lumberman and prospector.   The opening up of the coal and
oil deposits will add to the wealth of
the islands,  and there will be every
opportunity then for the truck gardener.
It is well to understand  that the  cold
storage plants will be erected at the
place where shipments must be  made,
of the fish that swarm in our waters.
Those shipments of fish will be made
from Prince Rupert; but the fishermen
will live with their  families   on   the
islands, and the catch of fish tradsf erred
in a few hours from the islands to Prince
Rupert.    With reference to gardening,
it is well to know that there is every
possibility of raising all kinds of small
fruits and vegetables on Graham Island.
Tbe land when cleared of forest growth
is the best that can be found in the
province for vegetables.     Small fruits,
such as strawberries, raspberries, currants, gooseberries, rhubarb and other
fruit of the hard variety, will ripen just
after the crop from the south is exhausted.     The cleared sandy soil along
the hundred of miles of sea coast, will
grow the best of strawberries—as the
wild variety, growing in profusion, will
prove to any observer.     A step in the
right direction has already been taken
by the  Provincial Government in the
way of building roads arid trails.     The
roadway and bridges from Queen Charlotte City to Massett, is an undertaking
that will be of great benefit to those
residing along the east coast, and in
bringing the two towns in closer communication.     In a lecture on   "good
roads,'' delivered by C. 0. Raine, special
agent of the National Department of
Good Roads, the speaker said :   " Some
of the advantages of good roads over
bad ones may be cited as follows: The
possibility of securing quick medical
assistance in the event of sickness in
the family. The ability of children to
attend school regularly. The possibility
of attending church and enjoying social
intercourse with neighbors and friends.
The possibility of using time during bad
weather by attending to business and
social duties away from home? both day
and night. The enlarged rental value
of the farm. The ability to market
produce when it is scarce because those
living on bad roads cannot get to market. The increase in tonnage in the
hauling of produce to market and the
return haul of family necessities. The
increase in value of the farms by many
dollars per acre and the possibility of
selling with a readiness not known to
those holding lands not adjacent to good
roads. The importance given to the
country by reason of it being inhabited
by people who build and maintain good
roads with pleasure and profit to themselves." We are all aware that even
the prairies have their drawbacks, with
the summer heat and winter cold. In
all parts of the Dominion there are setbacks of one kind and another. With
Christmas approaching, and the winter
almost gone, the Queen Charlottes so
far have been blest with very mild
weather. The climate is ideal for those
who intend to pre-empt land. There are
opportunities on the islands for the vigorous young and middle-aged men and
women who are not afraid of hard work.
There are opportunities for the investor
in the natural resources and in other
lines. There is a bright future ahead
of those who are now clearing the way
and pioneering. Queen Charlotte Islands
will be the home of many thousands in
the near future, and those who have
taken advantage of the almost unlimited
possibilities at our doors will reap a
fitting and just reward for their confidence in the splendid chain of islands,
the last land between America and Asia.
Massett Wharf.
-o-
Better Mail Facilities Wanted.
The question of better mail facilities
between Queen Charlotte City and the
other settlements along the east coast
is urgently requiring attention. Although there is mail carrier between
Skidegate and Lawn Hill, there is none
between Queen Charlotte and Skidegate,
and the mail lies at either post office
until some one is kind enough to pack
it to its respective place. It would not
cost much extra expense to have the
carrier take the mail from Queen Charlotte to Skidegate and then it would be
sure of quick delivery. Queen Charlotte is the recognised centre and the
volume of business between this city
and the other settlements up the coast
requires the attention of our member in
the Federal House, and we are sure if
this matter is brought to his notice
it will be attended to.
William Manson, M.P.P., is expected
to pay a visit to this part of the constituency early in the New Year,
Editor Islander—With two journals
published at the south end pf Graham
Island, it is but meet that the grievance
of all sections should be aired through
those channels. We have one, and it is
worthy of a few Fines in yodr young and
popular newspaper.
Some years ago, during the Laurier
regime, a vote was passed in the Dominion house for the construction of a public warf on Massett Inlet. At the present
time there is an apology for a wharf
there. It is such an unsafe structure
that the people await the "tying up"
of a steamer before risking their lives.
Some private parties constructed this
"wharf," and it has certainly "seen
its day."
Petition after petition went in for a
new wharf, and the government voted a
sum to build it; but the residents could
not decide on the location of same.
Some wanted it in one place and some
in another, and the result was no wharf
at all.
If that money vote stands good still,
let us have a wharf for goodness sake,
and let some disinterested party come to
Massett and locate the best place for
the building of the structure. Never
mind the wants of this individual or
that. Give us a wharf where it will be
in the best location and. of use to the
greatest number, and will, eventually,
be thankful. In all small communities—
and sometimes in the large ones—it
would be very hard to please everyone.
A good man with backbone don't need
to ask anyone where the wharf should
be placed. The writer would like to
have the wharf in front of his property;
but no individual should stand in the
way of a public improvement. We
want a place where a steamer might
tie up with safety, and deliver passengers and freight expeditiously. Once
the wharf is completed, all will be then
satisfied, and if another is needed, let
us all pull together and get it. With a
new government, a new member, and a
new wharf, Massett will join in the
general wish that better days are in
store. Cumtux.
-0-
-o-
The Provincial Legislature has been
called to meet on January 11th.
The D. G. S. Quadra, of the Marine
and Fisheries Department, after attending to the mooring of the buoy at Lawn
Hill last Monday, anchored overnight in
the harbor.
Henry Edenshaw's Power Sloop
"Josephine "
Union Engine 15 H. P.
Is open for Charter by the Day or Week
for the carrying of Freight to any point
on the Queen Charlotte Islands.
The '' Josephine'' is the largest power
boat on the Queen Charlottes and makes
regular trips to the West Coast. -
For further particulars and information apply to
Henry Edenshaw, M    tt.
JXbarge
Carpenter and
General Contractor
Queen Charlotte.
Christmas Tree And Entertainment
Next Saturday Night.
The annual Christmas entertainment
and treat to the school children will
take place next Saturday night at 8 ,
p.m. sharp in Barge's hall. Miss Athins,
the school teacher, during tbe past week
or two has been busy arranging details,
with the result that a splendid programme has been arranged. The first
part on the programme will be devoted to the Chairman's address and
the following items and the second part
to the dismantling of a Christmas tree
to the school children.
Chairman's Address—Mr. Barge.
1. Musical Selection—Messrs. Reinhart
and Greenstreet
2. Recitation— Robert Archibald
3. Song—" Where   the   Dark  Comes
Most,"    -   Schoolchildren
4. Recitation— Dorothy Barge
5. Dialogue—" Entertaining    Sister's
Bear"
6. Musical Selection—Messrs. Reinhart
and Greenstreet
7. Recitation—"When Father  Carves
the Duck,"   -   Fosey Fraser
8. Song—'' Three Little Pigs,''
Jr. Tirade Children
9. Monologue—"Aspiring Dish
washer,"   -   Azeline Girard
10. Duet—"Sweet Adeline,"  Messrs.
Reinhart and Greenstreet
11. Dialogue—" Society for the   Sup
pression of Slang,"    -   Six Girls
12. Recitation— Nola Young
13. Monologue—"Thanksgiving Re
minders," Miss Arabella Araminta
Jones
14. Violin Solo— ?        Mr. A. Solomon
15. Backward Drill™ Six Girls
16. Costume Song—        Mrs. Cochrane
17. Recitation--'' A Complaint,''
Lawrence Young
18. Violin Solo— Mr. A. Solomon
19. Duet—"Life's Dream is O'er,"
Mrs. Cochrane and Mr. Greenstreet
20. Quartette—"Father O'Flynn,"
Four Irish Washerwomen
God Save The King.
An Ideal Place to Spend
a Vacation.
Premier
Hotel
Queen Charlotte,   -   B. C.
Splendid Shooting and Fishing
to be had in the vicinity.
Only the  Choicest Brands of
Liquors and Cigars kept.
W. J. Smith, Prop.
WRITE
The Insurance People
Fire
Life
Marine
Accident
Plate Glass
Employer's Liability
Contractors' and Personal Bonds
Policies Written Direct.
Mack Realty & Insurance Co.
PRINCE RUPERT, B.C. QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
Too Hot?
Drink Blue Ribbon Beer
Too Cold?
Drink P. & 0. Scotch or Corby's Rye
We are sole agents in Northern B. . for these and other well-known lines
and we fill orders promptly. You know that you will receive goods by
return boat when you order from us. We also carry all standard lines
of Liqnors, and CASCADE BEER.
CLARKE BROTHERS LTD.
The Pioneer Liquor House of Northern B.C.
Mclntyre Block, Third Avenue, Prince Rupert. P.O. Box 319
LYNCH BROS.
DEPARTMENT    STORES
PRINCE RUPERT, B. C
GROCERIES
HARDWARE
CROCKERY
MEN'S FURNISHINGS
SASH AND DOORS
GLASS
We Supply the Farm, House, Camp and Mine and Save
the Buyer Money.
Write for our Price List
Largest Stock in Northern B. C.
Empress Hotel
PRINCE RUPERT,
B.C.
Private telephones in every room. Hot and   old running water.
No extra charge for Baths.
Lunch ounter and Dining Room ii   o nnection.
Bar Pool Room Barber Shop.
Electric Lighted
Well Heated
Centrally Located
Third Avenue
If there is anything you want people to know Say it Thro the "Islander.
>*
LAND ACT.
LAND ACT.
Skeena 'Land District-District  of Ain  Skeena Land, District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island. Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that James Harrison, of
Victoria, occupation clerk, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted at the North-west
corner of Lot 1903, marked J. H.'s
South-west cor., thence 80 chains north,
thence 80 chains east, thence 80 chains
south, thence 80 chains west to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less. J. Harrison
Date Oct. 7th, 1911.   W. H. Sochon, agt.
Skeena Land District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that William H. Watson,
of Victoria, occupation clerk, intends
to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted at the North-east cor.
of Lot 1902, marked W. H. W\ 's Southeast cor., thence 80 chains north, thence
80 chains west, thence 80 chains south,
thence 80 chains east to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less. William H. Watson
Date Oct. 7th, 1911    W. H. Sochon, agt.
Skeena Land District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that Joseph Fulton, of
Victoria, occupation engineer, intends
to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted at the North-east cor.
of Lot 1903, marked J. F. South-west
cornei', thence 80 chains north, thence
80 chains east, thence 80 chains south,
thence 80 chains west to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less. Joseph Fulton
Date Oct. 7th, 1911     W. H. Sochon, agt.
Skeena Land District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that Frederick R. Read,
of Toronto, Ont., occupation farmer,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
South-east corner of Lot 1903, marked
F. R. R.'s South-west corner, thence80
chains east, thence 80 chains north,
thence 80 chains west, thence 80 chains
south to point of commencement, containing 640 more or less.
Frederick R. Read
Date Oct. 7, 1911      W. H. Sochon, agt.
Skeena Land District- District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that James W. Read, of
Vancouver, occupation clerk, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted at the South-east cor.
of Lot 1904, marked J. W( R.'s Southwest corner, thence 80 chains east,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80 chains
west, thence 80 chains south to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less. James W. Read
Date Oct. 7,1911       W. H. Sochon, agt.
Take notice that Walter H. Sochon,
of Victoria, B.C,, occupation prospector,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
N.W. corner of Lot 1899, marked W. H.
S. S.E. corner, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80 chains
east, thence 80 chains south to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less.
Walter H. Sochon, Locator
Date October 3rd, 1911
Skeena Land District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that Fred. H. Brown, of
Victoria, B.C., occupation draftsman,
intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
N.W. corner of Lot 1898, marked F. H.
B. N. E. corner, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains south, thence 80 chains
east, thence 80 chains north to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less.
Fred. H. Brown, Locator
W. H. Sochon, agent
Date October 3rd, 1911
Skeena Land District—District of Ain
Lake, Graham Island.
Take notice that Harold H. Harper,
of Victoria, B.C., occupation draftsman,
intends to apply for permission to purchase  the  following   described  lands:
Commencing at a post planted at the
S.W. corner of Lot 1899, marked H. H.
H., S.E. corner, thence 80 chains north,
thence 80 chains west, thence 80 chains
south, thence 80 chains east to point of
commencement,   containing  640   acres
more or less.
Harold H. Harper, Locator
W. H*. Sochon, agent
Date October 3rd, 1911
Frank D. Rice
B.  C. Land Surveyor
Mineral Claims, Town Sites,
Timber Limits,   Sub-Divisions,   etc.
Underground Surveying.
Room 12 Pender Chambers
522 Pender St. W., Vancouver, B.C.
Subscribe for the "Islander." It has
a bigger circulation on the Islands already than any other paper.
Old Banff Whisky
Guaranteed   12, 10, 7 or 5 Years Old by
THE DISTILLERS
JAMES SIMPSON & SONS, LTD.
ESTABLISHED 1823
VICTORIA   OFFICE
535 YATES STREET
PHONE 288
N. B.—This is the finest Whisky, age for age, in Canada. If you don't
believe it taste it or test it, submit it to any good judge of Scotch or to any
known test or analysis of Whisky. It is cheaper than many and better than
most.   Ask your dealer for it, and call for it in your Hotel.
.!»■ QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
HAIDAS AND THEIR LEGENDS
(Continued from page 1.)
Canada, and is well adapted for coking
as well as steaming and domestic purposes.    Six seams, including one twelve
feet in thickness, have been proven to
traverse the property.     Mr. Faulds reported that the mine could be placed on
a shipping basis in less than six months.
In regard   to   the Yakoun coal fields,
Dr. Ells in his report says the  importance of the Yakoun River as a means
of inland  communication  is  very considerable.     In any attemp to work the
coal seams,   especially  at  the   Wilson
Camp, the facilities of transport by this
route if it could be rendered navigable,
would be much greater than   by  trails
from  Skidegate Inlet, a distance of 17
miles.    With the jams removed and the
shallows dredged at the worst points, it
would   be   possible   to   take  up   light
draught stern wheel boats or scows as
far  as  the  mouth  of   Wilson   Creek,
which is only a mile from the  outcrop
of the coal, or to the lake itself, where
the east branch of the Yakoun comes in
and where boring operations should be
carried on in the valley of this stream
to the north of the Robertson camp outcrops.     During  the  past summer Mr,
Barton  was successful in taking three
scows up the Yakoun River and has already commenced boring operations in
the vicinity  of  the  coal  outcrops  referred to.     The principal coal outcrops
in the Yakoun district are seen on Wilson creek, about three-fourths of a mile
east of its forks with the Yakoun river.
The seam of coal is here exposed along
the creek bottom for a distance of seven
chains.     It  is impossible from surface
indications to determine the exact value
of this coal seam.     It has been opened
at one place only, on the north side of
the creek by a tunnel and a small shaft.
The seam itrelf is of large dimensions,
and the quality of the coal is excellent.
It can be traced   in   a  course S. 40 degrees E. from  the opening for  about
seven  chains  to another small tunnel,
beyond wh;ch it has not been  located.
The underlying rock is a grey sandstone,
and the overwall appears to  be practically  the  same; but in the creek on
which the opening is made and  a short
distance below there is a heavy outcrop
of dark grey shale.     In the creek also,
forty feet above the upper tunnel, is a
bed of rather coarse conglomerate of a
brown   color, resembling the  seam  on
tho brook three miles to the south.   In
character the coal of this seam does not
resemble that of  the Robertson camp,
and should  be stratigraphically higher
in the formation.    It is an excellent gas
coal with a low percentage  of  ash, in
both these respects contrasting stongly
with that from the Robertson seam.   It
will be seen that a large amount of coal
exists both at the Robertson and Wilson
camps.    At  camp Wilson a  shaft has
been sunk seventeen feet and a drift of
twenty-three feet  revealved  by cross
cutting a bed of coal seventeen feet eight
inches, which on the surface measured
only thirteen feet eight inches.     This
bed contained one bench of  clear  coal
fourteen feet thick.     Twenty feet of
drifting and cross cutting in tbe opposite
direction showed the bed to be eighteen
feet thick with a bench of fifteen feet
nf clean coal.    There is no doubt therefore, but that the results amply justify
the expenditure of sufficient capital to
develop these properties into producing
mines.
(To be continued next week.)
DOLLS    35c. to $3.00
All Beautifully Dressed
Undressed Dolls, kid body, 50c.
TOYS  5c to w-25
Harmless  Pistol,   shoots  a  rubber-
tipped arrow, 25c.
GAMES   15c t. 25c.
Tidley Winks, Parchesi,   Dominoes,
Fish Pond
DRY GOODS
See the New Patterns in
WRAPPERETTE, 6 yards $1.00
FLANNELETTE, 7 yards $1.00
CRETONNE, - 6 yards $1.00
NUN'S CLOTH,   3 yards $1.00
(T
Xmas Decorations
Red Bunting, 8c. per yard
Paper Festoons, 3c.   ,,
D. Cochrane
Groceries   Dry Goods
Hardware
Queen Charlotte
Mill Boarding House
W. Scowcroft.
Board   and  Beds  at  reasonable rates.
FRESH MEATS
Roast Beef,      -      20c. per lb.
Round Steak    -      20c. per lb.
Boiling,    - 16c. and 18c. per lb.
For a Strictly up-to-date
Tailor Made Suit
Try SWEDER BROS.
Merchant Tailors
PRINCE RUPERT.
W. G. Reinhart
Begs to announce that his
Power Sloop "Mavis"
Is open for Charter by the Day or
Week to carry Freight and Passengers to any points on the Islands.
For terms apply at the "Islander"
Office.
FOR SALE
White Wyandotte Cockerels, with rose
comb, and Buff Orpington Cockerels ;
all pure bred.—Apply Capt. Gillatt,
Sandspit, Moresby Island.
>
THE
QUEEN CHARLOTTE
ISLANDER
Is the only Newspaper of
recognised standing published
on the Islands. It is the
Peoples Paper and has a
circulation unequalled by any
other. To prove - this the
"Islander" gets the patronage
of local business men who
advertise in it ONLY.
Subscribe for the Islander
In Canada $2.00  Per Annum Foreign $3.00
\.
i QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
COAL NOTICES.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Curtis 0. Bradshaw,
Vancouver, B.C., broker, intends to apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands. Commencing at a post planted on extreme
North-east point of Tar Islands, thence
south 80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres. Curtis O. Bradshaw.
Charles B. Stark, agent
Dated August 29th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands: Commencing at a post planted on the north
shore of Ramsay Island and about two
miles, west from extreme North-east
point'of said island, thence west 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing 640
acres. Charles H. Allen.
Dated August 31st, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for I cense to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands: Commencing at a post planted on extreme
South-east point of Agglomerate Island,
thence north 80 chains, thence west 80
cha ns, thonce south 80 chains, thence
< ast 80 chains to point of commencement,
containing 640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated Sept. 1st, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H- Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands: Commencing at a post planted on the extreme South-west point of Chain Islands,
thence north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated 29th August, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice, that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands: Commencing at a post planted on the East
shore of Ramsay Island and about one
mile South-east from extreme Northern
point of said island, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80 chains
tojpoint of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated August 30th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands. Commencing at a post planted on the South
shore of Ramsay Island and about two
miles westerly from extreme South-east
point of said island, thence north eighty
chains, thence west eighty chains, thence
south eighty chains, thence east eighty
chains to point of commencement, containing 640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated August 30th, 1911.
COAL NCTICES.
LAND ACT.
Massett News Items.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for^coal and
petroleum on the following lands. Commencing at a post planted on the East
shore of Lyle Island and about three
miles South-east from extreme northern
point of said island, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence west 80 chains
to point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated August 28th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles H. Allen,
Vancouver, B.C., prospector, intends to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of lands
for license to prospect for coal and
petroleum on the following lands: Commencing at a post planted on the East
shore of Lyle Island and about four
miles South-east from extreme northern
point of said island, thence west 80
chains, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80 chains
to point of commnecement, containing
640 acres.
Charles H. Allen.
Dated August 28th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—Queen Charlotte
Islands Division.
Take notice that 60 days after date
I, Wm. Laney of Lawn Hill, intend to
apply to the Chief Commissioner of
Lands for a license to prospect for coal,
oil and petroleum on and under the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted about one mile and a
quarter distant in a westerly direction
from Halibut Bay, thence 80 chains
north, thence 80 chains west, thence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains east to
point of commencement, and containing
640 acres.
Date 6th Sept., 1911        Wm. Laney.
Skeena Land District—Queen Charlotte
Islands Division.
Take notice that 60 days after date I,
Mrs. Lena Hubley of Lawn Hill, intend
to apply to the Chief Commissioner of
Lands for a license to prospect for coal,
oil and petroleum on and under the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted about one mile distant
in a westerly direction from Halibut
Bay, thence 40 chains north, thence 20
chains east, thence 40 chains north,
thence 40 chains west, .thence 60 chains
south, thence 20 chains east to point of
commencement and containing 240 acres.
Mrs. Lena Hubley.
Date 6th Sept., 1911.
All your Watch and Jewelry repairing
can be done at home.     See
Thomas A. Brown
Practical Watchmaker
at the Queen Charlotte Drug Store
SKIDEGATE
HOTEL
Under New Management
,   C. DE PAPE, Proprietor.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Charles Harrison of
Massett, occupation farmer, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands: Commencing
at a post planted about 80 chains distant and in a Northerly direction from
the North-east corner post of Lot 227 :
thence south 30 chains more or less,
thence west 20 chains more or less,
thence south 40 chains more or less,
thence east 40 chains to the shore line,
thence along the shoreline to point of
commencement, and containing 160 acres
more or less.
Charles Harrison.
Date September 25th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, Samuel B. Ray-
bould, of Lawn Hill, occupation farmer,
intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:
Commencing at a post planted on the
west bank of Tl-El River on the east
boundary of Lot 1748, thence north along
said east boundary of Lot 1748, a distance of 20 chains, thence in a southeasterly direction along the west bank
of Tl-El River to point of commencement, containing five acres more or less.
Samuel B. Raybould.
Dated Sept. 7th, 1911.
(From Our Own Correspondent.)
Skeena Land District—District of Queen
Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that I, Charles Beck, of
Lena Island, Queen Charlotte, occupation rancher, intends to apply for permission to purchare the following described land: Commencing at a post
planted at the South-east Corner of Coal
License No. 5684, Graham Island, thence
north 40 chains, thence east 10 chains,
thence south 40 chains, thence west
following the shore-line to point of commencement, and occupying the land between Coal License 5684 and Pre-emption 1092. Charles Beck, Locator.
Located September, 9th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
Take notice that Samuel Horner, of
Vancouver, B. C, occupation prospector, intends to apply to the Chief
Commissioner of Lands for a license
to prospect for coal and petroleum
on the following described land: Commencing at a post planted about one
mile south-east of Blue Creek, Graham
Island, and adjoining Coal License No.
4468, thence 80 chains north, thence 80
chains east, thence 80 chains south,
thence 80 chains west to point of commencement, containing 640 acres more
or less.
Samuel Horner, Locator.
Date Oct. 18th, 1911
Eli Tingley made two trips to the oil
plant on the west coast of Graham
Island, and reports very favorably on
the work in progress there. The drill
is through the limestone capping and
there will be astonishing news from that
locality in the near future.
A party of surveyors under Mr. Wilson arrived on the last boat and immediately proceeded to the coal fields on the
"upper Yakoun river. It is their intention to make preliminary arrangements
for the installation of a railway from
the mines to tidewater.
Mr. Wright, with a large party of
workmen, is cutting a road along a surveyed line, from Queenstown to the
coal fields.
A large cable has been taken up the
Yakoun by boats for use in conveying
the machinery to the mines.
Arthur Rebertson, the well known
prospector, has found a bed of graphite
on Juskatla Inlet and will develop the
property in the spring.
The Indians of Massett, under contract with Alfred Adams & Co., are
shipping large quantities of halibut to
the Prince Rupert market.
A pool and billiard room is in course
of construction at Massett townsite.
Ground is being cleared on Collison
Avenue for an Anglican church.
The Hospital tent at Massett was demolished during the storm on the 27th
November. A large tree fell across the
premises.
The islands are still free from snow
v
and ice. One snowfall occurred, but
only remained for a day or two. The
high south-east winds appear to keep
the islands free from cold and other discomforts encountered in many other
sections at this season of the year.
No serious damage resulted from the
windstorm that passed over the north
- end of Graham Island on the night of
November 27. The Indians state that
the "blow" was the fiercest ever experienced on the island.
First-class accommodation for visitors.
Meals at all hours. Beds from 25c. up.
Reasonable Rates by the Day or Week.
Free information given to parties
looking for land.
Most Complete Manufacturing and Repair Department in Northern B. C.
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
J. S. GRAY & SON
Late Foreman for R. Hemsley, Watch Inspector
-  for all the Railroads running into Montreal.
Manufacturing Jewellers, Diamond Mounters, Engravers,
Watchmakers and Graduate Opticians
Agents for the Victor Gramaphones and Records.
Sole Agent for the Stanley Pianos.        Eyerything in Rubber Stamps made
to order.        Repairs promptly attended to.
Helgerson Block  p ° Bo*78 Prince Rupert
J QUEEN CHARLOTTE ISLANDER
Pioneer Steam Laundry
Prince Rupert, B. C.
For Good Work and Quick Service send
your Clothes to us.
Grand  Trunk   Pacific   Railway  Official
Watch Inspector
R. W. CAMERON
Watchmaker   and   Jeweler
Prince Rupert, B.C.       P.O. Box 449
Complete Stock  of  Patent Medicines,
Drugs and Druggists' Sundries
C. H. ORME
The      Pioneer      Druggist
PRESCRIPTIONS   A   SPECIALTY
PRINCE RUPERT. P.O. Box 1523
Iti Kaien Hardware Co.
Builders' Supplies        Tools        Paints
Paints    Oils    Glass    Stoves    Ranges
Tin and Hardware.
Prince Rupert, B.C.     P.O. Drawer 1524
PRINCE RUPERT PANT0R1UM
Sixth Street, between 3rd Ave. and Fraser
Pioneer Cleaners
Reliable work in Cleaning, Pressing and
Repairing.    French Dry Cleaning
a Specialty.
Frizzell's Meat Market
GEO. J. FRIZZELL
Butcher and Provision Dealer
Prince    Rupert,     B. C.
Books and Stationery
Office Furniture        Drawing Materials
Kodaks       Remington Typewriters
McRae Bros.  Ltd.
Prince Rupert, B.C.
Prince Rupert Hardware
and Supply Co.
GENERAL HARDWARE       SPORTING GOODS
MINERS' SUPPLIES.
PRINCE RUPERT,     '.-      -       B. C.
Hayner Bros.'
Furniture Dealers Prince Rupert
If you don't buy from us WE both lose money.
Linoleums, Carpets, Stoves and Everything for the Home. Singer's Sewing
Machines, Pianos, Edison's Phonographs, Funeral Directors and Em-
balmers.   Monuments and Headstones
When in Prince Rupert
See
Martin O'Reilly
For
Fine Tailored Clothing
Furnishings, etc.
Hotel Central
Peter Black, Prop.
Spacious Travelers' Sample
Room.
Steam Heated
Electric Bells
Corner First Avenue and Seventh Street
PRINCE RUPERT.
Savoy Hotel
American   and   European   Plan
The only House in Prince Rupert
with hot and cold running water
in all rooms.
Rooms 50c. up.
Only the Best Brands of Liquors
and Cigars carried.
Corner Fifth and Fraser Streets, Prince Rupert
A. J. Prudhomme, Prop.
T. R. Davey, Mining Engineer and Notary Public
T.
IL
J. M. Campbell
Co.
Real Estate and Mining
Box 63 Queen Charlotte, B. C.
Write us for Farming Lands, Coal, Petroleum
lies.
One of the best Water Front Lots on Queen Charlotte
Townsite for Sale.    Price Easy for Cash.
RANCHES FOR SALE.
New Knox Hotel
Besner & Besner, Props.
The New Knox Hotel is run on
the European plan* First class
service. All the latest modern
improvements.
The Bar keeps only the best
brands of liquors and cigars.
The Cafe is open from 6.30 a.m.
to 8 p.m.    Excellent cusine.
Beds, 50c. and Up.
First Avenue
Prince Rupert
Dominion Hotel
Victoria, B. C.
American Plan $2 and Up
European Plan 75c. and Up
Otis Elevator Steam Heat
Rooms with or without bath
Long  distance  phones  in rooms
Running hot and cold water
Spacious Dining Hall
Comfortable Office and Lounge
Free Busses        Central Location
Thomas Stevenson
Manager
Stephen Jones
Proprietor
The A. W. Edge
Company
Importers and Dealers in
Wallpapers, Burlaps,   Moulding
Paints, Oils, Varnishes, Glass,
Brushes, etc.
Prince Rupert, B. C.
PRINCE RUPERT'S
ER WHOLESALE HOUSE
•
0
orris
o
esale Gents* Furnishings
Oiled and Rubber Clothing
House Furnishings, Stationery, etc.
RINCE RUPERT, B. C.
t —WW i iiiiri-   —IB———■ m—r-irnirmr-n
tBBBZDrW.&.'K.-X
■ i ■—■I uiimitujii ■
&<$■%
on account of the immense wealth of its natural resources, is fast coming
into prominence in the eyes of investors in British Columbia. Do you
know that the
FARM LAND
of Graham Island is unexcelled in northern British Columbia ?
Do you know that the climate of Graham Island is as good as that of
any part of the Pacific Coast ?
We are offering the choicest agricultural land of Graham Island for
sale in tracts of 40 acres or more, at the exceptionally low price of
$12.50 Per Acre upon very easy terms
Our booklet gives some facts and figures which will interest and convince you.    Write for it, or better yet, call personally.
MERRILL & MERRILL
710 Bower Building, 534 Granville St.
VANCOUVER, B. C.
>4
1

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