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BC Historical Newspapers

Queen Charlotte Islander May 9, 1914

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A Weekly Newspaper Published in the interests of the Settlers, and to promote the development of the Ociecn Charlotte Islands.
/„ — . " ''"
VOL. 3, No. 29
5 Cents per Copy
Synopsis of Treatment of
Muskeg and Moss Land.
Assistant Provincial Horticulturist
Muskeg is imperfectly decomposed
vegetation, and is thus acid and sour.
It is not a soil and lacks most of the
constituents which furnish plant food.
Thus muskeg needs to be treated and
made akin to soil to be productive.
1. DRAINAGE: This enables super-
flous water to drain away. It brings
about soil warmth, aeration, bacterial
action; thus formation of plant food is
aided. Various systems may be employed, viz. : logs, slabs, culverts,
shakes, brush, rock, etc. Ditches may
be dug as follows: main, 3 1-2 ft. to 4
1-2 ft. ; laterals, 2 1-2 ft. to 3 1-2 ft.
deep, and from 1 1-2 to 2 ft. wide The
sides may be sloping. Depths and
widths may vary. Lateral drains as
outlined here should he about 15 to 20
feet apart.
2. LIME: This is a corrective and
neutralizes the acid tendencies of muskeg. The best form of lime is calcium
oxide or freshly burnt limestone on account of its caustic or basic properties.
It must be ground fine or else water
slacked and f sed on the land at once.
If not, on exposnre to the elements, it
rev«rts back to the same ingredient as
before burning and the immediate
caustic effect is lost. This form of lime
is known commonly as caustic, builder's,
burnt and quick-lime. Should this form
of lime be difficult to procure through
distance, exposure to the weather, etc.,
then agricultural lime must be resorted
to. Liming aids chemical and bacterial
action. It makes plant food available;
particularly should manure, seaweed,
fertilizer, etc., be added.
3. WOOD ASHES: Supplies potash,
lime and carbon, thus aiding chemical
and bacterial action.
This may be brought about by burning
the moss at intervals during the summer. The moss should be loosened by
a disc, harrow rake or other similar
implement or tool, so that moss may be
dug out as much as possible. Wood
ashes and charcoal from stumps aid in
fertilizing the land considerably.
ROCK, if procurable, are useful in aiding drainage. These contain a certain
amount of plant food which may be
made available.
5. SEAWEED is best put on the
land in a fresh or green state. It gives
potash, nitrogenous material, etc With
it much lime (shells), decaying fish,
etc., are added. Seaweed is a very
useful form of manure.
possible to get are a most useful adjunct. It contains all necessary plant
Hundreds Engaged At
Spring Salmon Fishing
The fishing grounds along the North
of Graham Island will be the scene of
great activity during May, June and
July. The large gasoline launch Nah-
mint will carry a double crew and make
two trips daily between Langara island
and the Wallace Cannery at Naden
Harbor. A smaller launch, the Finn,
will collect the salmon and a camp will
be located in one of the bays The
hundreds of White and Indian fishermen'
will receive 3 1-2 cents per pound for
the red spring salmon, which weigh
from 25 to 100 pounds apiece.
Every small boat in the neighborhood
has been engaged and a large number
of the unemployed in Prince Rupert
will spend the summer fishing.
The Massett, Skidegate and Metla-
katlah Indians are now fishing at Langara Island. Over four hundred boats
will be in service.
After the run of spring salmon is
over at Langara Island the Indian fishermen will leave for the Skeena river,
where a large number of crews will fish
for the canneries there.
International Boundary Survey Party
At Tow Hill.
N. J. Ogilvie, of Ottawa, the expert
in charge of the Canadian party of the
British Columbia-Alaska International
Survey, arrived at Tow Hill on Tuesday
from Port Simpson on the "Teddy " of
Ketichikan. Another party was landed
at Langara Island.
Mr. Ogilvie states that the work was
nearly completed last summer, and that
this season he and his staff will turn
their attention to the long "panhandle"
extending down from Alaska along the
western boundary of northern British
Delkatlah Briefs.
Operations At Sewall Sawmill May Be
Maynard Blue, a Michigan lumberman, arrived on the last steamer and
proceeded to Sewall to look over the
sawmill property at that point. If the
proposition looks good to Mr. Blue, he
will start up operations right away and
employ a large force of men.
7. FERTILIZERS are useful, but
for croppings with grass are not
necsessary to begin with if lime and
wood ashes are added. For vegetable
raising a complete fertilizer will give
more immediate and reliable results.
Purchasing of fertilizers is not recommended much as yet.
8. In addition to drainage, lime and
ashes, the most necessary thing is to
"work" the muskeg, i.e., to pulverize
and expose it to light and air.
An interesting ceremony took place
last Sunday at the Schoolhouse at the
close of morning mass, when the infant son of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Bridden
was baptized Eli Chnrles, by Rev.
Father McDonald. This being the first
occasion on which the baptismal service
has been selemnized in connection with
the Roman Catholic Church at Massett,
the ceremony was witnessed with great
interest by the congregation.
Mr. E. Baker of Tow Hill left with
C. DeB. Green's survey party for Hydah on the last steamer. Mrs. Baker
and family accompanied him.
J. W. Yates of Oeanda is spending a
few days in town before going south.
Mr. Yates has all kinds of good things
to say about that rapidly settling district on the East coast.
Surveyors Leave With
I'red Nash and his survey crew have
been busy the past two days surveying
a new street between Mr. Goulet's store
and Mr. Lamb's shoe store, to extend
from the bridge to the limit of Delkatlah Townsite. This is about the best
laid out street on the island and has not
a snag or a stump in its entire 700 feet
of length. He has also surveyed C. M.
Wilson's tide-flat lease of some 54 acres,
extending to the big span on the bridge,
also sub-divided the dyked land into
quarter acre blocks.
Chas. M. Wilson has a gang and team
working daily on his south dyke, making it twice the width that it w.s last
year. Now that Mr. Thomas has
ploughed the land quite a few remarked
they have not seen a prettier four acre
piece in Canada. Everything will be
under crop before the end of the month.
Mr. Wilson will rent quarter-acres, all
ploughed, for $10.00, which should provide pleasant and profitable occupation
for summer evenings to local residents.
Mr. Siever-t has left Delkatlah to join
Nash's survey party.
Mr. Love has cleared and fenced a
nice garden around his new house on
Wilson street.
F. Kleinschck, who has rented the
Bridge house for three months, is erecting a log bungalow on his Wilson street
Mr. Thomas finds lots of work for his
team at Delkatlah and is contemplating
erecting a stable on his lot on Williams
"Jimmie" Blades has left for Long's
survey camp.
Chas. Harrison, S.M., was over this
week locating his lots on Charles street
and William street, with the intention
of building shortly.
Baptismal Ceremony.
ews For Season's Work
The local land surveyors have all their
crews made up for the season's work in
the field and a start will be made during the coming week. Each surveyor
will have only one party at work this
year owing to decreased appropriations
for surveys.
C. DeB. Green, B. C. L. S., left with
his survey party for Skidegate on the
last boat. Mr. Greene will be engaged
surveying in the vicinity of Lawn Hill
and Hydah this summer. Most of last
year's field crew have been re-engaged.
J. p. A. Long, B. C. L. S., will be engaged this season in the vicinity of
Yakoun Lake, where a party left to
prepare camp this week. Mr. Long
has been engaged during the week on
private work on the west side of the
inlet, opposite Old Massett.
Fred Nash, B. C. L. S., leaves on
Tuesday for Queen Charlotte City. Mr.
Nash's work this year will be on Town-
ships4and5, at the south end of Graham
Island. D. M. McKay and H. B. Lehrman, who were with Mr. Nash last
season as assistant surveyor and chain-
man respectively, will resume the same
positions. G. Y. Baker will look after
culinary end.
Hotel Arrivals.
The following registered at the Hotel
St. Ives during the week: C. L. Cullen,
Prince Rupert; D. A. McDonald, Prince
Rupert; G. T.Hart, Prince Rupert; W.
Picketts, Prince Rupert; P. Cassidy,
Woden ; E. Wearmouth, H. F. V, ear-
mouth, Sunnyside; H. C. Medcalf, Tow
Hill; R. Stafford, Kumdis Island; D. A.
Peers, North Vancouver; J. H. Groundwater. Nadu ; E. L. Baker, Tow Hill ;
S. Green, Prince Rupert; Mrs. Cross,
Prince Rupert; A. 0. Finshi, Prince
Rupert; F. Evans, Nadu; J. Glidsmith,
Prince Rupert; J. Coats, Prince Rupert;
J. C. A. Long, R. W. Entwisle.
A." E. Jessup left on the "John"
Tuesday on a business trip to Rupert.
Mrs. W. Cross of Port Clements returned Tuesday from a short visit to
Prince Rupert.
Indian Agent Deasy visited the cannery and camps on Graham and Langara
islands last week.
Every man for his own country. Get
on the voters' list and have a representative for the Islands.
About thirty new settlers arrived on
the steamer Prince John Tuesday, the
majority being for Sewall and district.
C. H. Curtis of White River, who has
been nursing an injured foot for the
past three weeks, left Thursday for his
... ~.*i -^'.:.-*acaML
J. M. CAMPBELL, Publisher.
In Canada, $2.00; Foreign, $3.00
per annum, in advance.
Advertising Rates
\     Contract Advertisements $1.50 per
jj inch per month.
I     Single   insertions   $1.00  per  inch
i per week.
|   Legal Notices, Government Rates.   }■
..turi.*! ity.7 WWW—I mil .1 Hill ■■■■■■■—■—■—I
Massett, B.C., Saturday, May 9, 1914
We understand that the Dominion
Government has a branch known as the
Geological Survey, which reports
on the deposits of coai and other
minerals throughout the Dominion.
Some years ago the late Sir G. M.
Dawson, one of the best geologists the
world ever knew, visited the north end
of Graham island and reported on the
coal and oil deposits. At (hat time
Graham and other islands of the group
were not inhabited by whites, and*ittle
interest was taken in tne report. At
present we have people interested in
the coal and oil fields and several drills
have been at work boring here and there,
where indications showed the presence
of coal and oil. Thousands of dollars
have been expended by several companies trying to prove up the fields
during the past few years; but we have
not heard of a government report from
the Geological Survey Branch for many
years. If we have coal and oil deposits
the members of the staff would know,
after an investigation, whether it is advisable to expend money in drilling and
could point out the most likely places to
erect drills. Two companies are drilling
for coal and it is expected that operations will be resumed this summer on
the west coast oil fields. A visit from
men who are conversant with the work
would go a long way towards something
definite being made kn wn regarding
eoal and oil on Graham Island.
Pre-Emption Inspecic r's
C. L. Cullin, pre-emption inspector,
who has been visiting all the claims
along the Noith Beach, Tow Hill and
Cape Fife during the past fortnight, is
very well satisfied with the work done
bv the majority of settlers on their
claims. Mr. Cullin found that a large
number of settlers had left their preemptions, presumably to go to work for
the summer months, without notifying
the department. Pre-emptors should
apply for leave of absence in such cases,
which will be readily granted by the
Assistant Commissioner of Lands at
Prince Rupert, and save themselves a
whole ot of unnecessary trouble. Mr.
Cullin   is   visiting   the Oeanda district
this week.
Sir George Doughty, M. P., the well
known Grimsby fish merchant, died
suddenly in London recently. He organized the B. C. Fisheries, which came to
such  a  disastrous end last  year.
White Inn
"'The Home of The Boys
Mrs. WHITE, Proprietress
Meals, Forty Cents
Special Rates to Steady
ROOMS, 50c.
Blacksmith and General Contractor
Mrs. Marie L. G. Hudson, Proprietress
Special Rates to Steady Boarders.
Beds from 35c. to 50c.
Bright, Clean and Airy Rooms.
Lots Cleared by D ay cr ontract
FOR SALE.—A two horse-power
Waterman Marine Engine (overboard)
with batteries and vibrator. All in good
running order. Also stationary equipment, including base, stub shaft, and
pulley. $65.00 cash.—Address V. F.
Dunn, Queenstown, B.C.
Pair Eye-Glasses and Stylo Pen, between Tow Hill and Massett.—Finder
return to C. L. Cullin, Massett, and
get reward.
Arthur Robertson has been re-appointed fire warden for this district.
D. A. Peers and J. H. Groundwater,
two new arrivals from North Vancouver,
have taken up pre-emptions at Nadu.
The sockeye salmon commenced to
run in the rivers a few days ago and a
number of fine specimens were brought
in and distributed among friends by
Mr. Henry Edenshaw.
Massett,  Graham Island, B. C.
The oldest and most popular Hostelry on the Island
Excellent Table. Special Rates to Steady Boarders
Clean Airy Rooms. Fine Stock of Liquors
Excellent Shooting and Fishing in Vicinity
Gasoline Launches for Hire
QUEENSTOWN,       - -       Graham Island, B. C.
Up-to-date Excellent Service No Bar in connection
First-class accommodation for holiday parties
Good boating, fishing and hunting close by.    Fast gasoline boat for charter
B. L. TINGLEY, Prop.
Queenstown, Massett Inlet, B. C.
Best Quality of goods at the right price
Call and be convinced that we can save you money on your supplies
Our Motto—Small Profits and Quick Returns
Fi*esh Fruits and Vegetables
HARDWARE        DRY GOODS        BOOTS and SHOES, Etc., Etc.
Goods delivered by arrangement Gasoline Boat for Charter
Joe McMullin, who arrived here recent-  '—==;  —r~r~—
ly from Prince Rupert, has opened up Three pre-emptors, Messrs. Hanson,      J. V. Dedwith, a new settler who has
tonsorial  parlors  at  Mr. Hicks' pool- Plummer   and  Lake,   have   taken  up taken up a pre-emption on.the west side
room.     He is also an experienced man locations at Parry Passage, on Graham of  the inlet, opposite Masset, was
at cleaning and pressing suits. Island, opposite Langara island. town Tuesday.
Prince Albert
Prince John
Maintain weekly service between
Massett, etc., and Prince Rupert,
making close connections at Prince
Rupert for the South.
Special Summer Excursions to the
East and Old Country.
Prince Rupert to Montreal and return ---       - $141.00
Prince  Rupert to  Toronto  and return ---       - $128.00
Prince Rupert to New York and return ---- $144.50
Prince  Rupert to Chicago  and return ---- $108.50
Rates to other points corresponding low. /
For full information apply to
General Agent, Prince Rupert
E. J. Tingley
Real Estate
Town Lots and Acreage
Coal and Oil Lands
Freei and reliable information
given regarding available preemption locations.
A large tract of Graham Island's
choicest agricultural land, comprising  over   100   locations,
recently released from the
coal rights and now open
to the Settler. This land
lies close to Queenstown  and offers a
golden opportunity to the home-
Hicks & Cauthers
Pool Hall
Tobaccos, Cigars, Cigarettes
Candies and Soft Drinks
Books, Magazines, Dailies.
Nadu Pioneers.
Nu, I tell you I vos der
'Fore I came to Canadere;
In dose countries you not know,
Yis, I tell vou, I vos so,
Der peoples, yis, dey much too bad.
I come from dere so I vos glad
Und on de Nadu make mine home,
Und here I am, yis, all a'one,
Und here I stop till I vos dead
Und dey bury me in de deep muskeg.
I trade in here mit Mr. Martin,
Who vants de mon mit nothing chargin,
Und dere I get mine floor and bean,
Yis, lots of grub I get from heem.
Some day, too, I get a frou
To feed mine pigs and milk mine cow;
Raise some kinder two, tree, four;
Spik six language, maybe more.
You know some madchen vants a man,
Like me from German Faderland ?
Can co©k sourkrout, hamburger steak,
Und lofe me for mine own sweet sake.
Deres lots of girls on Elbe and Rhein
Mit yellow hair and eyes so fine,
I drink dere health for many year
Till I vos drunk mit Lager beer.
But Gosh in Himmel, on de Nadu.
No girls, no beer for me and you.
Veil, good morgen, de sun he shine
Like he vas in Palestine,
Und much work I haf to do,
Else I stop and talk mit you.
So Stein the grubhoe took in hand
And started in to clear more land,
And h;s wondrous tales of countries old,
Of places hot and climates cold;
Of people strange and things quite queer,
Of Arabian girls and a Dutch mynheer;
And many other things he mentioned
I'll later bring to your attention.
Nadu River. F. C. H.
Nadu Jottings.
W. McKirahan is building anew house
on his pre-emption.
Mr. Stein, one of our most progressive
farmers, has just completed plowing
several acres.
Mr. Brickbealer is building a large
addition to his house.
Services were held here Sunday by
Rev. Mr. Greene, when the infant son
of Mr. F. C. Tingley was baptized.
Bill Vyce has been busy clearing for
some time and has quite a lot of garden
truck in.
James Langill has a big crop in and
some of the potatoes are up in the row.
F. C. Howes is busy putting in a
O. C. Brandt is picking up lime from
the beach for his garden.
Mr. Hess is hard at work blowing up
his garden with powder to break the
hard pan.
Ed. Messner and Herman Jeska left
on last boat for Prince Rupert.    '
Alex. Johnson has a fine garden in
now and looks forward to a big crop.
Mr. Sievert and family have returned.
Mr. Evans and his sons have made a
splendid'showing here and have several
acres under cultivation.
Wholesale and Retail Merchant
Everything in Merchandise, Surveyors' and Prospectors'
Motor Boat Supplies of all kinds.
Gas     Engines     and     Machinery.
Canadian Fairbanks Morse Co. Gas Engines and
Holliday Engineering Co., Chicago.
Ferro Marine Engines, Standard 2 Cycle Motors.
Ridgeway's Teas and Coffees
Bucks' Stoves and Ranges
Eastman Kodaks and supplies
Commerical Union Assurance Co.
Fire I
Nadu River
Goods delivered in oui own Motor Boat at reasonable rate
Contractors* And Mining Machinery Supplies
Building Materials MARINE MOTORS c       .  Machine,
Steel     Rails GASOLINE ENGINES ™c?fe Machlny
Agricultural Implements CANADIAN RAND Wheels   and Axles
Teaming and Pump Wagons   CO.'S PRODUCTS Dairy Supplies
C. H. HANDASYDE Jr., Prince Rupert, B.C.
P.O. Drawer 1663
When visiting Prince Rupert
J. D. McLeod & Co.
For Mens Wear
Superior Quality
P.O. Box 90.
Third Avenue
Hotel Central
Peter Black, Prop.
Spacious Travelers' Sample
Steam Heated Electric Bells
Corner First Avenue and Seventh Street
New Knox Hotel
Besner & Besner, Props.
The New Knox Hotel is run on
the European plan. First class
service. All the latest modern
The Bar keeps only the best
brands of liquors and cigars.
The Cafe is open from 6.30 a.m.
to 8 p.m.   Excellent cusine.
Beds, 50c. and Up.
First Avenue    -   Prince Rupert
Hotel Winters
Cor. Abbott and Water Streets
European Plan' -   $1.00 to $2.50
Rooms with Baths.
Hot and cold water.    Steam heated.
Bus meets all boats and trains
J. A. LEROY     Proprietors      J. NATION
Notary Public and Conveyancer
Real Estate and Insurance
Office of E. J. Tingley
Qyeenstown, B. C.
F. Nash, B.C.L.S.,
Queenstown, B.C.
(Of Brownlee, Nash & Davidson)
Dom. and B. C. Land Surveyors
Surveys of Coal Licenses, Mineral
Claims and Subdivisions.
The Planing and Survey of Town-
sites a Speciality.
Woden Notes.
Two new settlers came in on the John
last Tuesday. They have pre-emptions
across from 5-mile point, where they
were landed by Mr. Grange. Their
families will come up later.
A daughter was born to Mr. and Mrs.
F. A. Haines on Wednesday morning,
May 6th, in the morning's grey light.
A girl came to make F. A. Haines' home
Her weight is nine pounds—her voice is
NOT loud,
Her mother is happy and her father is
Carl Preussger  arrived  on   the   last
John from Pitt Meadows, Messrs. Lewis
and Mclntyre returning with him. They
have located in the Sangon Lake district.
Jim Broker, the East coast orator,
was in town for a couple of days and
many were the various and heavy debates between him and the Wodenites.
R. Rupe is working overtime in his
blacksmith shop these days. .
The " Sunflower " which has kept its
maiden name in spite of the percussity
of gas engines has just pulled out to
anchorage, and is waiting for the ebb
tide to take a trip to Massett.
Messrs. Campbell and McDougall
brought a raft of lumber from Sewall
yesterday. The spirit of progress is
everywhere evident at the Woden.
We were all surprised and delighted
Mondav when Fritz Rampmaier, our
prominent citizen and landlord, stepped
off the Polaris from a two-and-a-half
month's absence at Wright's drill camp
near Lawn Hill. He was surprised at
the number of people at the Woden. He
reports that things are much quieter at
the south end.
Rev. and Mrs. Greene came down
Sunday in their launch "Iona." Mr.
Greene held services at the school-house
that evening. They left the launch
here for a few days to have a few ex
tras added.     They  rowed   home   that
evening in their skiff.
We were all interested last night
when a new boat pulled up at Woden
float. We were not sure whether it was
a regular steamer or some new government cruiser. However, we.soon recognized Capt. Andy McCrea, and wonder
of wonders, it was the Westover. Capt.
McCrea is to be complimented on the
quick and excellent work which he has
done in remodeling the Westover.
The passenger list of the Rosemary
which met the boat Tuesday were:
Messrs. Dill, Curry, Irvine, Hacks,
Wood, Rampmaier, Cecil and Lester'
Wrent, Verhagan, "Carpender, Stone
and Hitt.
H. A. Swain
Freight and Passenger Service between
and way points.
Meets all boats.      'Phone White Creek
Passenger Rates:
Sangan, 75c. : White Creek, $1.00 ;
Tow Hill, $1.50;   Baggage extra.
Pre-emptors Located.
Govt. Telephone Office      Notary Public
Hazelton Bros.
Woden River, B. C.
Agents   for   Diesel,    Detroit   and
Caille  Perfection  Motors.
Also  Kermath 4-Cycle Motors.
Gasoline engines installed and
Motor boat supplies  at  prices that
are right.
If you want a boat that is properly
modeled, built right, at a reasonable
price, call and see us.
Boats built to order.
Hotel Woden
Woden River, B.C.
Mrs. G. A. HAINES, Proprietress.
Good  Meals  and Glean  Beds.
Bakery in Connection.
Woden River General Store
C. C. GRANGE, Proprietor
Dry Goods       Groceries       Boots and Shoes        Hardware
Furniture       Household Drugs        Fresh and Salt Meats
If our stock don't contain your wants
we can order anything on short notice
Launch Rosemary for Hire. Boat Supplies.
We want your produce.
%JLL Poultry Supplies, Hay
Hour,  Feed,  Seeds,  etc.
The Brackman-Ker Milling Co., Vancouver.
General Merchant, Tow Hill
Special attention given to Settleis'
Agent for
International Harvester Company Ltd.
McClary's "Famous" Stoves.
Victor Gramaphones and Records.
Delivery made to any point on the
North Beach.
Stump Puller For Hire.
$2.00 per day ; $30.00 per month.
Any damage done to machine to be
made good by hirer.—Apply W. F.
HASTIE, Pool Room, Queenstown.
Job PrintingIslander gfe;
Graham Island Farmers' Institute
Lime and Powder
Apply FRANCIS EVANS, Secy., Nadu.
Henry Edenshaw's Power Sloop
Union Engine 16 H.P. •
Is open for Charter by the Day or Week
for the carrying of Freight to any point
on the Queen Charlotte Islands.
Weekly mail service to Naden Harbor, leaving Massett every Tuesday.
For further particulars and information apply to
Henry Edenshaw, Massett.
HA      I „mL    Delkatlah
.   /i.   LQMIu Shoe   Store
Boots, Shoes, and Harness neatly
Men's Women's'and Children's Boots
kept in stock.
Leather and Shoe Findings for sale
Belt, Pistol, Holster and all  kinds of
Leather Cases made to order.
The Islander $2 a Year
Why not invest now while prices
are low ?
Special   inducements    to    home
builders and industries.
First come, first served.
Call or write
Chas. M. Adam
Graham Centre P.O., B.C.,
regarding the best proposition on
Graham Island.
mi i——a■ ii ■■in
iiwimyi ——Maw— IBJB—
Graham Centre
General Store
A Full Line of General
Agent for:
The simplest, safest, brightest
and most economical oil lamp in
existence.    Call and investigate.
Western Union Fire and Life
Ladies Home Journal Patterns.
Pride of the West Overalls.
Ridgway's Teas and Coffee.
Lipton's Teas and Coffee.
Victoria Cross Spices.
Quaker Brand Canned Fruits and
McCIary Stoves and Ranges.
C. M. Adam
Graham Centre, P.O., B. C.
Report By Surveyors
Of Graham Island
The following concludes Mr. Nash's
report on Tps. 7, 11 and 14, Graham
Island. Next week we will publish Mr.
Long's report on the district west of
Naden Harbor:
All vacant Government lands on Graham Island are reserved from sale, but
may be acquired in areas of a 160 acres
or less under the pre-emption clauses
of the "Land Act" by bona-fide settlers.
The Provincial Government has established schools at Masset and Queenstown, while the religious welfare of the
settlers is taken care of by five repre-
sentitives of four denominations.
While at its present state of development Graham Island does not offer employment to an unlimited number of
artisans, clerks or others with a special
training, it does offer good livelihood to
the man who is not afraid of manual
work, at the same time giving him an
opportunity to acquire land and build
a home under more favourable conditions
than can be found in other localities
farthar away from the salt-water and
steamboat connections.
Miss Evans of Nadu returned from
Vancouver on Tuesday.
G. C. Atkinson of Tow Hill was in
town for a few days this week.
William White left Thursday for his
claim at Oeanda to put some crops in.
R. W. Entwisle, H. C. Medcalf, S.
Rankine, and Ernie and Bert Wearmouth have joined Mr. Long's survey
party and left during the week for the
Yakoun River.
Dominion Constable 0. W. M. Hughes,
and Frank Trainor, teacher of the Indian
day school, left for Naden Harbor on
Wednesday. The Indian school will be
opened at the Wallace Fisheries building.
Several parties of pre-emptors have
taken up locations on the West side of
Masset inlet, at the neighborhood of
the Sangin river, and at Meyer lake.
Graham island is being advertised in
all directions and a large influx of
settlers will arrive on the steamers,
during the summer. It is stated that
a daily steamer will, in the near future,
run between Prince Rupert and Massett.
Diseases Of Potatoes
And Ways Of Prevention.
The following article is from Mr.
Austin Richardson, who has charge of
the experimental plot at Lawn Hill, and
who has had many years' experience in
matters horticultural in England, as
well as being among the first settlers
to cultivate the soil of Graham Island.
Mr. Rich- rdson deals with diseases of
potatoes and ways of prevention. He
has taken this subject, up because some
very bad ca^es of Island diseased potatoes have been brought to his notice.
Settlers and others should therefore
read this article very carefully :
I would like to draw your attention
to several diseases of potatoes which
are starting on this Island and also of
some ways of prevention. The description of the diseases are taken from
leaflets of the Board of Agriculure and
Fisheries, England.
Potatoe Leaf Curl.
The signs are: The potato is more
or less stunted, the foliage is small,
and leaves are much curled. In bad
cases the shoots do not appear above
ground leaving gaps in the rows. The
haulm of the potato is infected either
by the disease passing directly from the
potato or by the spores of the. disease
being in the soil. Tubers that give origin to curled foliage do,not decay but
remain firm and hard.
When the disease is not bad, if the
potatoes are lifted before they are ripe
they will not perpetuate the disease,
the suggestion being that the disease
only passes fiom the haulm to the tuber at the last stages of growth and
that the tubers intended for seed should
be lifted before growth is finished. After the loaves have become infected
with the disease numerous blackish
velvety patches make their appearance
on the haulms and leaves. It is very
important that we don't spread these
diseases by either carelessness or any
other causes. The important point is
to burn the haulms and also to dig up
any' plants showing the disease at
once. Probably it may not seem important now when we have only very
small patches, but it will become
quite   a   different   matter   when   you
get larger areas and possibly your
living depending on your crop, therefore try to stop these diseases v.h 1st it
cost you practically nothing, bo not
plant seed that you know is diseased on
any account— [Read that again and take
notice, Ed.]—In order to keep diseases
that affect the haulms away, it has been
proved by experiments and by practice
to dig up the potatoes intended for seed
before they become ripe or mature,
wheth< r they ate infected or ret.
Black Stem.
Black Stem is another rather similiai
disease; the leaves wilt and turn yellow,
then they become shrivelled from below
and finally die. If the stem is examined
when the leaves begin to droop it will
be found covered with brownish stains,
which gradually become black and
rotten. Sometimes it will attack a
plant amongst, a lot of other healthy
ones, at other times it will spread fiom
plant to plant. The disease is worst
during hot, damp weather about July,
before the tubers have started to form,
and to let this disease spread at will,
will in time mean serious loss. If you
allow these rotten haulms to lay on the
ground the rain washes the disease into
the soil.
This disease not only attacks potatoes,
but cucumbers, marrows, beans, carrots
and turnips, but moie generally potatoes. There is no known cure for it ;
prevention being tbe only way. Therefore it is important to destroy the
haulms as soon as the disease shows
(Continued next week.)
HMSUSBBUUramMBim ItUMftN. <ilJ«MI »1
katlah Cash Store
General Merchant.
A trial order will convince you.
On Parle Francais.
fi   *
V39        ffli
■ u +   _        It;.;
'rizzell s meat market
Special attention given to Mail Ordeis.
Queen Charlotte Islands
Information Bureau
Information given regarding
Pre-Emptions. Coal. Oil, Timber, Fisheiies and Real Estate.
Correspondence promptly answered.
List your Island property with us.
Hilditch Block
Prince Rupert
i. I
& CO.
Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations      THE LEADING SHOE STORE
/"'OAL mining rights of the Dominion
^ in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and
Alberta, the Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories and in a portion of the
Province of British Columbia, may be
leased for a term of twenty-one years .
at an annual rental of $1 an acre. Not
more than 2,560 acres will be leased to
one applicant.
Application for a lease must be made
by the applicant in person to the Agent
or Sub-Agentof the district in which the
rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must
be described by sections, or legal subdivisions of sections, and in unsurveyed
territory the. tract applied for shall be
staked out by the applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied
by a fee of $5 which will be refunded if
the rights applied for are not available,
but not otherwise. A royalty shall be
paid on the merchantable output of the
mine at the rate of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall
furnish the Agent with sworn returns
accounting for the full quantity of
merchantable coal mined and pay the
royalty thereon. If the coal mining
rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at least once
a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
lights only, but the lessee may be permitted to purchase whatever available
surface rights maybe considered necessary for the working of the mine at the
rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should
be made to the Secretary of the Department, of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any
A gent or Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N. B.—Unauthorised publication of
this advertisement will not be paid for.
Queen Charlotte Islands Land District.
District of Skeena.
Take notice that Edmund C. Stevens,
of Skidegate, occupation rancher, intends to apply for per mission to purchase
the following described lands : Commencing at a post planted at the Southeast side of Triangle Island, Skidegate
Inlet, thence north alonp: shoreline 20
chains, thence west along shoreline 20
chains, thence south along shoreline 20
chains, thence east along shoreline 20
chains to point of commencement, containing 40 acres more or less, being the
whole of Triangle Island,
Date February 5, 1914
dffp 18 Edmund C. Stevens
Is   now   well    and   favorably    known
throughout, the North.
Everything   in   Boots and Shoes
Agent for " Walk-Over" Shoes
"Queen Quality" Shoes for Ladies
" Classic "   Shoes  for   Children
All descriptions of Working Boots,
Packs and Rubber Goods
Prompl Attention Given to Mail Orders
YQ§t   Prince Rupert
Grand Trunk  Pacific Railway  Official
Watch Inspector
Watchmaker   and  Jeweler
Prince Rupert, B.C.       P.O. Box 494
Hayiier Bros/
Furniture Dealers Prince Rupert
if you don't buy from ui WE both lose money.
Linoleums, Carpets, stoves and Everything for the Home. Singer's Sewing
Machines, Pianos, Edison's Phonographs, Funeral Directors and Em-
balmers.   Monuments and Headstones
What's the matter with you
If you knew as much as I do about the future of Delkatlah Bay
you would be chasing me up with payments on your lots.
The farming may be a little slow in developing, and the coal seams
hard to trace in paying quantities, but Delkatlah is on the eve of development as a Winter Tourist Resort which will place it only second to Prince
Rupert in Northern British Columbia.
I am not a prophet, for such prophecy only requires the application of
ordinary common sense.
Buying lots in Delkatlah is like sowing seed^the money disappears like
the seed in the ground only to spring up and yield ten fold.
Canada needs no summer resort, it has all the summer climate it wants,
but from Nova Scotia to the Rockies it needs a winter climate, and that's
what we have. The Spring is the time to sow seed. Sow your wages in a
lot at the rate of $5.00 a month and have a home in town.
Immediately back of Delkatlah pre-emptions are being taken up at the
rate of ten a week.   That will soon increase values.
Chas. M. Wilson, Owner, Delkatlah
Graham Island Information Bureau, Prince Rupert, Agents
European Plan
Licensed Bar
Royal Hotel
Corley & Burgess, Proprietors
Third Avenue and Sixth Street
Rooms: 50c, 75c, $1.00
Steam Heat Hot Water
The Prince Rupert
Importing Co. Ltd.
Prince Rupert, P. C.
Manufacturer  and   Dealer in Lumber
Queenstown, Massett Inlet
Dry Spruce Lumber for House Building
Dry Cedar for Boat Building
Dimension and all kinds of Rough Lumber Supplied
Wholesale Wines and  Liquors
Aerated   Water   Manufacturers
Note  the new address for prompt
shipments :
1211 Dominion Bldg., Vancouver, B.C.
If you are not acquainted with
this machine and its work write for
Family Trade a specialty.
All mail orders promptly executed.
Charlotte City ; waterfront, nice view.
Apply Fairbairn, Queen Charlotte, or
Campbell, Islander Office.
A. W. De Lisle  •
Builder and Contractor
Plans, Specifications, Estimates and
Contracts given on request.
Thoroughly reliable work guaranteed
Empress Hotel
Private telephones in every room. Hot and Cold running water.
No extra charge for Baths.
Lunch Counter and Dining Room in Connection.
Bar Pool Room Barber Shop.
Electric Lighted
Well Heated
Centrally Located
Third Avenue


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