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BC Historical Newspapers

Week Feb 8, 1913

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 Telephone 3412
J. W. WRIGHT, Manager
Vancouver Island
Collection Agencw.: f
300-310-3/1 Hlbben-Bone Bldg -.■•.:■■%
Government Street VICTORIA, Bi. C.
Victoria Carnival Week—August 410 ?, 1013
The Week
A British Columbia Newspaper and Review*
Published at Victoria. B. 6.
Wellington Colliery
Company's Coal
1232 Gov't St.
Telephone 83
Vol. XI.   No. 1.
Eleventh Year
Eleventh Year
One Dollar Per Annum
"No policy will be satisfactory to the
people of British Columbia which does
not include a substantial and prompt
spirit of fairness and not by any
means because of its value, either
I as an argument or as a literary contribution,
I The Week gives considerable space in the
Correspondence   columns of   the   current
I issue to a letter on Woman's Suffrage.   As
i this letter emanates from a lady whose services in the cause entitle her to be con-
I sidered a leader, The Week will for the
j first, and probably for the last time, attempt
j to answer some of the questions raised.
The answers can afford no satisfaction to
the Suffragettes or to the writer of the
letter, because the more one reads the so-
called arguments put forward by advocates
of   "Votes   for  Women,"   the  more  one
realizes the hopelessness of arguing with
J them.   For instance, The Week stated in
la recent editorial on this subject that the
[demand for Woman's Suffrage is based
[upon "the supposition of the equality of the
sexes, which is a false assumption."    The
[writer of the letter in the third paragraph
[says:   "I am glad that you acknowledge
[ this fact.   They are not."   But immediately
[goes right from the point in an attempt to
show that the inequality of the sexes is not
inherent in sex, which was the obvious
meaning of The Week, but that the inequality consists in an unequal wage list, in
unequal treatment in every line of work
[open to men and women, in unequal recognition in the moral code, in inequality at
the ballot box, etc., etc.   Now if the lady
who wrote the letter is unable to understand, through some inherent sex deficiency,
that this line of argument is not logical and
has no bearing whatever upon the statement which it professes to canvass, then she
only confirms the position taken up by The
Week, and does nothing to advance the
claims of her sex to equal treatment.   The
disadvantages which she enumerates and
under which she claims that women labour,
are matters each one of which may be considered and possibly dealt with on its own
merits;   they are to be classed with the
many disadvantages under which even men
labour,   and   which   arise    solely   from
economic or social conditions, but they are
Lnot essentially and logically dependent on
sex inequality, which is what The Week insists on.   They are simply illustrations of
unequal conditions.   When the writer of
* the letter in question is able to understand
this, which .at present seems hopeless, she
will have advanced one step nearer that
I equality which might render the claim of
i women equal to that of men where some
; matters are concerned, and even then she
would represent but an infinitesimal number
of her sex.   It is the same inability to think
consecutively  and   reason   logically   from
quise to effect, that has led the militant
Suffragettes, for whom the writer of the'
letter is at least an apologist, t8.''defend the"
throwing of pepper in policemen's eyes, the
ppuring of acid into letter-boxes, the mailing of bombs to injure inoffending postmen ancl the flinging of hatchets to maim
Ministers, not as merely justifiable but
logical. Their inability to see that such
conduct is both unjustifiable and illogical,
indefensible and distasteful to every sane
person and that it alienates public sympathy and defeats their object is possibly
their greatest handicap. The Colonist has
said that all militant Suffragettes are insane. As a Family Journal, the Colonist
should be a safe judge. On this ticklish
point The Week hesitates to pronounce an
opinion, although the balance of evidence
would appear to lean in the direction of the
Colonist's judgment. The pretext that the
Government has obliged women to unsex
themselves by its "trickery and apathy" is
unworthy of the intelligence of creatures
much lower in the scale of creation than
even Suffragettes. Thank God there are
few women who would be willing to unsex
themselves, even to oblige a Government,
and the few who do it are surely not entitled to plead "duress." The claim of the
writer that "one needs to be on the ground
to know what is really happening" and that
"the newspaper reports are not to be relied
on" is wide of the mark, because while
newspapers may in their search for sensation achieve the impossible in exaggerating
the grotesqueness of Suffragettes, it has
never been denied that the specific performances which have brought them within
the grasp of the law and for which they
have been sentenced to imprisonment, have
actually occurred. But perhaps the
strongest weapon forged against the Suffragettes is their inability to understand
that the mean, petty, hysterical crimes in
which they indulge, such as pepper-throwing and letter-burning, do not parallel the
resort to force indulged in by men who
have had to fight for their liberties. All
this line of argument demonstrates a deficiency, which is, alas, fatal to the cause it
advocates, and in itself the strongest demonstration of the inherent inequality of
the sexes. Perhaps it would be unfair to
twit the writer of the letter under discussion with inability to understand The Week
editorial and yet she has failed to understand it in its most essential feature.
Politeness forbids that The Week should
express its meaning any more plainly.
When it said that "Suffragettes are not
labouring under any disability which legislation could remove," it obviously meant
that they were labouring under a disability
which legislation could not remove. What
that disability is may not be more particularly specified in a paper which circulates
in the family. The claim that the Suffragettes have not caused any loss of life "nor
will they" is surely untrue and dishonest
in view of the fact that they have thrown
deadly weapons with the intention to maim,
if not to kill, and that they have sent explosives through the mails which have already injured postmen. The leading and
best-known Suffragette in Victoria told the
writer that she would have been glad to
have been the person who threw the hatchet
at Mr. Asquith and that she would be perfectly ready at any time to kill him in the
cause of Suffragism. And yet our lady
correspondent says that this is not hysteria;
perhaps she will suggest a word which will
fit such a condition of mind better than the
word coined by mere man. The stand-point
of The Week is that the militant Suffragettes, and it is against these extremists
alone that this article is directed, do not
represent women; that their methods are
detestable and criminal; that they should
be treated as criminals, as men criminals,
and that it is a thousand pities that their
vagaries should for a moment sully the
record of. a sex which "all men revere above
'theifcftwa/'and which i£t«ily and not falsely iSpt^Seiited hy Wtfsandf, of noble
.^omgjuftho are "giving: their lives" to the
serviceot "humanity and whose true worth
is recognized at least as much by men as
by women.
Several weeks ago attention was
called in these columns to a campaign then being conducted in the City of
Victoria by "apostles" of the Mormon
Church. The Week has always maintained
that one of the most dangerous features of
the Mormon propaganda is the stealthiness
with which it is conducted. The "apostles"
flit about, like shadows; they shun publicity; they melt into the gloom when any
investigator approaches; they are almost as
shifty as a "will o' the wisp." In consequence of this they seem to be particularly
successful in escaping the attention of the
police, even when specific complaints are
made. It is difficult to locate them; they
literally work in the dark. At any rate,
they have been eminently successful in
completing their work in Victoria without
molestation. For this very reason it is impossible to appraise its results, or to know
how many converts they have made. Possibly this will not be known until in a few
weeks, or a few months time, as the case
may be, some Victoria homes have to compile a register of "missing ones." Then the
truth will be suspected, even though it may
be impossible of proof. The article referred
to has brought The Week many sympathetic
letters, and among them a communication
from Lethbridge, enclosing a cutting from
the Lethbridge Herald. This cutting gives
particulars of the operations of three Mormon "missionaries" from Raymond, who
,,-k4iave commenced a personal canvass of the
' city. The leader of the mission says tliat it
is their intention to canvass the city thoroughly, leaving tracts with the people, also
to hold some meetings and endeavour to
correct false impressions concerning Mor-
monism. Then follow these significant
words: "We will present our message with
humility; we do not want any discussions
or debates; we are advised to refrain from
these debates, not that our religion will not
stand investigation, but because they only
serve to stir up strife and contention." This
declaration is at least frank. How it will
be received by the people of Lethbridge
remains to be seen, but as the Alberta coal
city is only some twenty or thirty miles
distant from the largest Mormon seftlement
in Canada, it is probable that the missionaries will find their expectations somewhat
discounted. How long are these "pro-
cureurs" to be allowed to conduct their
nefarious business under the cloak of
religion ?
SOCIAL SERVICE—The Week directs
attention to the particulars of a very
important organization which will be
found in the current issue on page four.
Without depreciating the status or importance of previous organizations having the
same objects, it is impossible not to recognize that this is the first serious attempt
to constitute a thoroughly representative
body of ministers who will carry the confidence of the community and whose deliberations and recommendations will at all times
be entitled to respect. No paper has been
more severe than Thc Week in its criticism
of the so-called Moral Reform associations-
which have existed in this city and whose
vagaries have brought discredit upon the
cause of true reform. Most of them have
been called into use for political purposes
and have been manipulated by unscrupulous
seekers after office. Some of them have
been denounced by men who joined with
the best of intentions and found that they
were not what they claimed to be. Noth-*
ing so hinders the progress of reform as
for its advocates to masquerade in false
colours, and to prostittite its high purposes'
to persona! ancl ignoble ends. The names
of the men forming the new organization
ancl the very discreet manner in which they
have been allotted to the various committees
show the organization to be so fully repre
sentative and the committees to have been
so carefully selected that the public may
hope for sane, moderate and, let us hope,
practical results. Moral reform is the
natural work of such men and in any well
considered measures which they may recommend they are bound to receive the support
of the press and the public.
THE CARNIVAL —Victoria is to
have'a Carnival, a real Carnival. A
Carnival which will embrace every
form of amusement, entertainment, attraction ancl recreation possible to a city which
revels in park land, beautiful scenery and
aquatic facilities unrivalled in the West.
This Carnival will cost money—a lot of
money. The very representative and energetic committee calculates that nothing less
than $50,000 is* worth consideration. Putting it on a business basis, the Chairman,
Aid. Cuthbert, is able to point out that for
an expenditure of $65,000 Los, Angeles
cleared up $1,000,000. If Victoria can do
the like the Carnival can be justified on
business grounds; but the Committee is
looking far beyond this. It is looking to
advertise the city and to advertise it in the
best possible way by bringing crowds of
people here who will see and appreciate
its beauty. This is an occasion on which
we can all shake hands and help. It is a
case of helping ourselves. There should
not be a single "grouch"; Victoria has
grown rich rapidly during the last few
years; $50,000 is a bagatelle and nothing is
more gratifying than the very wholehearted and generous support given to the
meeting by the Labour representative who
spoke at the public meeting on Thursday.
His remark showed that the project
appealed to all classes, and if all classes
respond, the $50,000 asked for will be subscribed next week when the collecting campaign is to be conducted. Let us all give
what we can, whether it be a much or little.
Development Co., Ltd., has apparently abandoned its suit against The
Week; at any rate, it has failed to comply
with the rules of the Court requiring a
statement of claim to be lodged within
twenty-one days. Messrs. Monk, Monteith
& Co., Ltd., have lodged their statement of
claim in which they ask for the sum of
$10,000 because "by reason of the publication of the said false and malicious statements the sale of the said lots through the
agency of the said plaintiff has been largely
interrupted, and the plaintiff lost the commission which it would have earned but for
the causes aforesaid, and the plaintiff has
been injured in its standing ancl reputation
ancl has been otherwise greatly damaged."
The only comment The Week has to make
upon this is that it is more than gratified to
learn on the testimony of Messrs. Monk,
Monteith & Co., Ltd., that it has been successful in "largely interrupting the sale of
the said lots" whicii was the only object
it had in view.
CLEAN STREETS—The City of Victoria is spending large sums of
money, millions, to provide paved
streets. It is also spending thousands per
year to keep them clean; but it is not enforcing the city By-laws which were framed
to prevent private persons from littering
the thoroughfares with debris of every kind
and so creating a public nuisance. The
greatest offenders in this line are carters,
who allow material to drop from their teams
ancj leave it on the streets. This material
ranges from garbage, manure ancl coal to
mill-wood, and. perhaps the latter item
accounts for seventy-live per cent, of the
droppings. The contention that the driver's
time is worth more than a piece of scantling
is all the satisfaction afforded a long-
suffering public. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
In consequence of the remarks I
made last week with regard to the
local branch of the S. P. C. A. I have
received a communication from the
Secretary of that Association in Victoria bearing on the conduct of the
S. P. C. A.'s business during the absence of the Inspector. It appears
that when the latter left on urgent
private business a substitute was appointed, but it is not clear that this
substitute was to devote the whole of
his time to* safeguarding the interests
of dumb animals. On the other hand,
I gather that he was to work in con-
junqtion with the police and to act as
intermediary between any complainant
and that department. This cannot be
considered a satisfactory arrangement. Granted that the Inspector had
to leave the city and that he is far
too valuable an official not to have
had this* privilege allowed him, some
man ought to have been appointed to
take over the whole of his duties during his absence at the same scale of
remuneration. That would have been
the only fair way in which to deal with
a public charity. As it is, with the
best will.in the world, there is a divided responsibility and when that is the
case the object of the charity falls between two stools. I understand,
however, that the police have in hand
the specific case of cruelty to which
I drew attention, viz., the treatment
of horses on the new theatre site and
that the S. P. C. A. is going to contrive a more effective arrangement
pending the return of the Inspector.
* *   *
Next week will see the commencement of the campaign inaugurated by
the Citizens' Committee for the purpose of obtaining funds for the Carnival Week, which is to be held in this
city during the week of August 4-0 of
this year. There should be little difficulty in raising the sum required
ancl it is confidently hoped that the
minimum sum of $50,000 will be forthcoming during the week of the campaign. It is not a question of a few
men giving a great deal; it is a question of many men giving a little. Victoria is a wealthy city, probably the
■wealthiest city in proportion to her
.he in the Dominion, or perhaps- on
the continent of America. There is
little poverty, perhaps none of the
grinding kind, and there are few men
in the city who could not actually afford a small subscription. It is certain that the Carnival Week will be
productive of much good to the city
as a whole, and when prosperity
smiles on a city it means good times
for all and sundry of her inhabitants.
Carnival Week will bring thousands
and thousands of visitors to Victoria;
they will all have to be fed and lodged; the majority of them will want
shaving and shining; all of them will
want to buy some memento of the
festival. Carnival Week will mean
the actual spending in the city of an
enormous sum of money in cold, hard
cash. Money talks, they say, and if
the people of Victoria will only realize that every visitor means a spender
they will gladly subscribe to a fund
which will bring them here. This,
however, is a mercenary spirit in
which to regard the Carnival. It will
do more than bring cash to the city;
it will bring publicity, and publicity
means residents and increased trade.
There is another thing which the Carnival will do; it will give us all a good
time, and when all is said and done
there is no reason why we should not
get together and subscribe a good-
sized sum, even if it is only for the
pleasure of having a bit of a spree
* *   *
I think that it would not be a bad
idea for us to think a little more of
the Carnival as a holiday for ourselves. I heard rather an indiotment
the other day made against the modern business man, and T rather wonder whether there is any truth in it.
So far I have never had any oppor
tunity of observing for myself. I
heard it said that now-a-days he does
not know what a real holiday is; that
he is always counting the cost and
wondering whether he is getting his
money's worth, and whether it is not
a great waste of time and money to
have a holiday at all. I say that I
don't know whether this is true or
not, because I never take a holiday
myself (I love my work too much.
Selah), and, now I come to think of
it, I never seem to see anybody else
I know taking one . It strikes me,
therefore, that Carnival Week will afford us all an excellent opportunity
to take one great big holiday and to
show the world tliat we know how to
take it. I for one am quite ready to
learn. But the experiment, like all
experiments, will cost a little money
and for that reason a band of devoted
men will canvass the city thoroughly
next week for the money necessary
to show 'how a real, up-to-date city
can improve on old methods of merrymaking.   So dig, gentlemen, dig!
* *   *
He was a city labourer. Like all
city labourers, he was weary and
looked over-worked. His frame was
racked with eight hours' toil, digging
a drain, maybe, or covering one up.
When I first saw him he was waiting
for the Esquimalt car about 5.15 in
the afternoon and he was evidently
nerving himself for the fierce struggle
which was momentarily growing inevitable. At last the car came in and
the competition fior seats began. I
thought his spent and exhausted
frame would succumb, but with
Anglo.-Saxon grit he hung on and
wihen the car started1 he was still
hanging on—by his finger-tips. Bay
Street was reached and the car stopped—to admit one more passenger.
Another side street came in view, but
no one descended. And all the time
the eyes of the city labourer haunted
me. I wondered whether I ought not
to ask the lady sitting opposite me to
give up her seat to this public servant.
But I didn't; neither did I give up my
own. Block after block went by, and
still the car was crowded. At last
strained human nature could stand it
no longer. With a choking sigh he
scanned the seated multitude and
gasped rather than cried: "Ain't none
of you folks got no 'omes?" This is
a sad story, but a true one and contains a moral, which I will leave my
readers to find for themselves.
* *   ♦
What about our side-walks? Ts it,
or is it not a rule, duly noted in the
By-laws, that each and every householder should sweep the snow from
the sidewalk opposite his own house?
Mind you, I don't say that there is
any such By-law. Who am I, that I
should- lay bare the legal enactments
which govern so great and prosperous
a city? I merely ask a question. At
the same time, I have a hazy idea
that this question comes up at least
once every winter, but that it is never
answered, because by the time that
people get interested in the solution
tfie snow has disappeared and the
matter is allowed to drop. I know
that in many cities it is a law which
is strictly observed; that of course is
no reason why it should apply to
Victoria. I think, however, that it is
about time that Some pronouncement
was given by a suitable authority as
to what the obligations of a householder are in this respect. If the problem were thoroughly sifted now and
an answer given during tlhe summer
we should all be in a position to do
our duty in this respect next winter-—
if there's any snow.
* *   *
I have heard' many people in the
street make use of our new slogan,
"It's'the Climate," in a most disparaging way during the last week. I am
not in love with the slogan, because
I am not in love with any slogan, but
I think it would be well if the 'inane
persons  who  think  it  funny  to  go
about shivering and saying in What
they fondly imagine to be a sarcastic
voice "It's the Climate" would only
realize that even with the present cold
snap we are undergoing we are far
better off than most places, they
would render themselves less ridiculous. I have just met a lady who has
returned this week from Los Angeles
where she went for her health. She
meant to be awiay at least a couple of
months, but came back after four
weeks' absence, because the weather
was so bad. England, we know, has
had a terrible winter, the samples being more diverse and unpleasant than
usual. Other towns in British Columbia, and even on the Island, have had
a far more inclement season than we
have had and it is absurd to grumble,
seeing that we are better off than our
friends and neighbours. That is* the
wiay I feel about it and I am sure that
nobody hates wet or cold weather
more than the
Simply buying delicatessen because
they are called delicatessen is one
thing, but buying the kind of delicatessen that are going to give the
sare satisfaction seven days a week
and fifty-two weeks a year, has a
different meaning. The popularity of
"Kaiserhof" delicatessen is due entirely to their simple excellence.
France and Germany report a lower birthrate. Good idea for the Pullman Company
to follow.
Season  1913-1913
The   following   Official League
Games   will   be    played in   the
"Arena,"     Victoria,    B. C,     as
scheduled below:
Dec. 13—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Dec. 97—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Jan. 9—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Jan. 17—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Jan. 31—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Feb. n—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Feb. 21—Westminster vs. Victoria.
March 4—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Matches start at 8.30 p.m.
Estab.   1742
HOSE & BROOKS CO., LTD., VANCOUVER, Di.tributor. for B. C.
•    •>
arnegie s Swedish
Brewed in Gothenburg; a pure
malt beverage which carries a
national guarantee of excellence
as a healthful stimulant.
Wholesale Agents for B. C.
Victoria        Vancouver        Nelson
Every House-Keeper should Make a
Point of Visiting—
There are many remarkable offers
of many remarkable fabrics and
we want vou to share in them.
739 Yates Street
Telephone 1391 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
The Versatiles
The appearance of "The Versatiles"
the Victoria Theatre this week af-
irded a welcome change from .the
iual round of musical comedies and
:her plays. "The Versatiles" are a
3od singing aggregation, who intr'o-
ice a lot of excellent comedy into
eir regular performance, and carry
setting which robs their entertain-
lent of the staid features of a con-
:rt. The honours during their visit
3 the Capital easily fell to Mr. Hoy-
tnd, who is a comedian of the best
tp. and contrives to hold the audi-
nce even when he is "off" the stage.
liss Zara Clinton was a very dainty
ttle comedienne and her first sonjj;,
Miss Gibbs," was enthusiastically re-
eived. The other members of the
ompany well supported the two prin-
ipals and both "The Eye-Glass Club"
nd "In the Camp Fire's Glow" prov-
d good- mediums through which they
isplayed their talent. A feature of
ie performance was the cartoon work
f Mr. Lewis Vasco, who gave a most
reditable exhibition of his art dur-
ig the interval. Previous to the open-
ig Mr. Vasco was to be seen with
is crayons in some of the leading
terchants' windows, a form of ad-
ertising which the company has
ound most successful throughout the
)ominion. It is understood that Mr.
Stuart-Whyte has made arrange-
lents whereby "The Versatiles" will
ive open-air concerts in Victoria
broughout the summer season, an
inovation which will be a most wel-
ome addition to the city's attractions.
Princess Theatre
"When We Were Twenty-One,"
■hich is on at the Princess this week,
: not only a financial, but also an ar-
stic success, The proper presenta-
on of such a play, calls for dramatic
bility of a high order, and when
^ery member of a company fills the
art assigned to him in the capable
lanner that the Williams Players are
oing, it reflects great credit not only
n the management, but also on every
dividual player. Mr. Howland made
lany friends this week in the part of
ichard Carewe. Miss Page was
farming as Phyllis, Mr. Aldenn had
good conception of the Imp, and
ie effects and stage settings were
tost effective.
Next week will be devoted to a
outhern play, "Piney Ridge," and as
tells a most interesting story, one
'hich is filled with plenty of action,
itense scenes and thrilling climaxes,
cannot fail of giving, satisfaction,
he tone of the play is purely South-
rn, embracing two classes of society,
ie high and the low, and also intro-
ttcing several coloured, characters,
liss Page, Mr. Howland, Mr. Belas-
o, Mr. Ripley, Mr. Williams will al!
e seen to advantage. The cast of
Piney Ridge" calls for the full
trength of the company with all spe-
ia! scenery.   "Piney Ridge" all week.
The Empress Theatre
There are two good turns at the
impress this week—Bobby Pandur
nd Brother and Rouble Sims. The
)rmer is no stranger to Victoria and
me has not robbed him of his her-
ulean physique. Bobby Pandur and
is brother afford a striking example
f what physical culture really means
hen properly carried out and the
nal poses of the former are a revela-
on to the average man. Rouble Sims
i a comedy and a cartoon In one. His
oice is a cartoon also. The turn he
ives is most amusing and not a lit-
e clever. Haverly & Carter present
n Irish-Hebraic duologue which is
ot remarkable in any way; Floyd
■■tack does some clever clog dancing
nd Hobson & Mabelle are most in-
ifferent "fascinating examplars of
pringhtly songs."
Romano's Theatre
Romano's Theatre has been a most
welcome retreat from the biting cold
f the current week and the pictures,
iewed from the comfort of the most
uxurious seats in any theatre in the
city have received an added charm.
Truth to tell, no picture in particular
has made a striking impression on the
writer, but there has been the usual
standard of excellence maintained.
The Majestic Theatre
, "The Jameston Wives," which was
much advertised round town last
week, was the* subject of one of the
finest films ever seen in the Majestic
Theatre, and that is saying a good
deal. This two-reel film-was on view
at the beginning of the week and
proved to be a first-class representation of one of Mary Johnstone's best
The Crystal Theatre
The management of the Crystal
Theatre has been successful this week
in putting on the screen and on^ the
boards the best show that* has yet
been seen on Broad Street. The "piece
de resistance" in the picture line was
Mr.   Lewis  Waller,  in   "A   Marriage  of
Convenience,"   Victoria   Theatre,
February so, ai and as
entitled "Frenzid Finance" and was a
most dramatic Pathe release dealing
with the rise and fall of an unscrupulous Parisian banker. This first-class
three-reel film was on view last Monday and Tuesday and was well worth
seeing. The Three Harmony Kings
proved to be an excellent trio of singers, who delighted the house and the
third big feature was the singing and
imitations rendered by "Sigma," a
charming young actress from Norway, whose turn was most popular.
The Pendleton Round-up
Thrilling scenes of cowboy life, wild
bucking bronchos, plunging steers and
daring riders are the motion pictures
of the 1912 Pendleton Round-up,
which will be seen here for the first
time at the Victoria Theatre for one
week starting Monday, Feb. ioth. For
the bucking contests and wild horse
races animals have been garnered
wherever "bad" horses exist. At the
end of a rope two mounted men drag
each into the arena. They are blindfolded and saddled. Then mounted.
When the rider is ready, the blindfolding sack is pulled, the rope lariats
cast loose. There is a moment of repose. Then, as if galvanized with one
million volts of electricity, an animal
maniac leaps into the air. Four feet
spreadheagled give a shock like a reversed trip hammer to the spine of
the cowpuncher. If he survives that,
the bucker upends in the endeavor to
shoot from his back the balanced
rider who has not even reins. There
is a rope in his hand that stretches to
a bridle, but this he must hold loosely.
Let him touch for a moment the pommel of the saddle and a wild cry of
derision and execration rises. He has
"pulled leather." He is defeated, down
and out. Wherever cowboys in future
gather for weeks they will tell the
story of how "Wild Jack" Jones "pulled leather," and with a sickly grin
'Wild Jack" must listen to the story.
But nine times out of ten "Wild Jack"
and his kind do not "pull leather." In
preference they let themselves be catapulted to earth, taking the chance
of the infuriated bucker dancing a
pas seul on their bodies. But if they
can they grit their teeth and stick.
There is not a feature of the big
festival that has not been caught by
the moving picture man at this last
Round-up. Frequently in the pictures
themselves one will catch a glimpse of
the operator of another machine calmly working under the very feet of the
rearing horses.
For clearness these pictures are said
to be unusually fine considering the
difficulties and dangers under which
they are taken.
"Broadway Jones"
The coming to the Victoria Theatre
on Monday, Feb. 17th, of "Broadway
Jones" "will be looked forward to as
the real event in the season's theatricals, as Mr. Cohan's new play has
been a six months' sensation in New
York and has been conceded by all the
critics to be the very best play in
New York, and the best play that
Geo. M. Cohan has ever written.
This latest offering from the pen of
the gifted author, is a comedy devoid
of slang, as that vernacular is popularly defined, yet it contains enough
smart and breezy chatter to keep the
four acts in which it is written whizzing along at a speed space that keeps
it abreast of the stride that Cohan
sets for all his brain-children and in
this case a stride or two ahead. When
the play opens "Broadway" Jones is
arriving home very late in a condition
that one is not likely to arrive at very
early. The youth is supposed to be
very rich, but the' morning after the
night before discloses the fact that he
has run through his money, and has
engaged himself to a rich old woman
in order to get ready cash to pay off
his debts. His friends try to break off
the engagement but fail. Then Jones,
the hero, gets word that his uncle
has died and left him a big property
in the shape of a Chewing Gum Factory,' and the real action of the play
begins. The scenes that follow show
how the young fellow is brought
around from a desire to sell his new
property for what ever it will bring,
to an earnest determination to keep
it for the good of the little Connecticut town of which it is the sole industry and "Broadway" Jones, money
burner and man about town, becomes
Jackson Jones, factory owner and
leading man in his community.
Lewis Waller in "A Marriage of Convenience."
Mr. Lewis Waller, who appears in
"A Marriage of Convenience" at the
Victoria Theatre on Thursday, Friday
and Saturday, Feb. 20, 21 and 22, was
born of English parentage in Bilbao.
He first appeared on the professional
stage in 1883 as Hon. Claude Lorrimer
in "Uncle Dick's Darling," at Toole's
Theatre in London, and in the many
parts played by Mr. Waller since then,
he has won for himself a reputation
of being one of the very finest romantic actors of his generation. It was a
curious bit of fortune for Mr. Waller's
lirst appearance to have as one of his
auditors his late Majesty—then Prince
of Wales—who from that first night
became one of Mr. Waller's ardent
admirers, and it followed that Mr.
Waller had more royal commands
from King Edward VII. than any actor past or present.
Mr. Waller appeared in many parts
previous to his engagement with Sir
John Hare at the Garrick Theatre,
London. Here he appeared in "The
Profligate," "La Tosca" and "Nixie."
Even as a juvenile actor Mr. Waller
became a great favourite, and the
parts that followed would take a column of space to enumerate. Monsieur
Beaucaire, was one of his late great
successes, and in this piece he appeared at his own theatre in London for
many months. It is probable, however,
of all the parts he has ever played,
The Crystal Theatre
Broad Street
The Largest, Best Furnished and Most Comfortable Vaudeville and
Picture Theatre in the City.
Two Acts of Vaudeville, changing Mondays and Thursdays.   Four
Reels of First Run Pictures, changing Monday, Wednesday
and   Friday.   The   Best   Music—three-piece
Orchestra—in the City.
The biggest Fan on the Coast, removing 37,000 cubic feet of air every
five mint)tes, insuring you fresh and cool air.
Hours:  Pictures from 1.30 to 5.30 and 6.30 to 11.00.
Vaudeville, 3.00 to 4.00 and 7.00 to 11.00.
Compte de Candale in „A Marriage of
Convenience" is one which shows him
at his best.
Mme. Adeline Genee
Mme. Adeline Genee, the world-
famed dancer, is making a complete
tour of the United States and Canada,
opening her season in New York, November 15th, in an absolutely new
production written by herself. The
Danish dancer has long had in mind
the idea which she is now carrying
out, but heretofore was unable to present the novetlies she has arranged.
Operas which have never been associated with the art of dancing are now
adapted by Mme. Genee to her own
interpretation, and with the assistance of her own symphony orchestra,
which is touring,with her, her own
scenery and company, the production
is one of the most stupendous of its
kind ever before undertaken.
Her new work is on an entirely different scale from what won the admiration of vast publics the past few
seasons and promises to exceed her
former representatoins. For example,
Mme. Genee will dance in their entirety certain operas which are usually mutilated by dancers who are unable to illustrate the most difficult
It has always been the aim of Mme.
Genee (and she has never failed) to
look like a piece of Dresden on the
stage. Her repertoire this season
gives her ample opportunity to improve on the excellent results she has
attained heretofore.
Mme. Genee travels in her own private car during the entire tour, and in
this way is able to cover the country
completely, visiting for the first time,
the Pacific Coast. She will appear in
the Victoria Theatre Tuesday, February 18th.
"The Girl from Tokio"
Among, the coming attractions
booked for the Victoria Theatre is
that amusing farce "The Girl from
Tokio," which makes its initial performance February 19th. It is an
adaptation from thc German by Frank
Tannehill, Jr., and George W. Barnum, and has been re-written up-to-
date, with an American atmosphere
and with a company of versatile players in whose hands the parts alloted
them will be capably presented. Miss
Julia Morton, who assumes the title
role of "The Girl from Tokio," is
well known as one of America's foremost leading ladies, and her portrayal
of thc winsome widow is said to be
one of the features of the attraction.
Tt is a well-known fact that farces
are written for the express purpose
of eliciting fun and merriment, and'it
can safely be said that "The Girl from
Tokio" will evoke more genuine
laughter and uproarious fun than
"Seven Days."
Since the issue of the Special "Outlook" edition of Thc Week, Messrs.
Jenkinson, Hartley & Colby, of 603
Sayward Building, Victoria, who were
advertised as representing the Germania Fire Insurance Co. have been
appointed city agents for the London
& Lancashire Insurance Co., Ltd,
This concern, as most people know,
is one of the oldest and strongest
insurance companies doing business
on the continent and thc appointment
of Messrs. Jenkinson, Hartley & Colby to the city agency assures it of
the services of one of the livest firms
in Victoria.
Princess Theatre
Formerly A.O.U.W. Hill
Cor. Yates & Blanchard Sts.
The Williams StockCo.
Will Present
The Southern Drama
l'rices ioc, ioc and 30c
Matineei Wednesday and Saturday
10c and aoc
Curtain, 8.3" p.m. Matineea, 2.45
Reserved   Seat!   on   sale  at   Dean  &
Hiscock'i, ror.  Broad and Yatea Sti.
Three Times Daily—3.00 p.m.,
7.30 p.m., 9.00 p.m.
"American Debut of the Lively
Marvelous Diablo Manipulator
In   Clever  Characterizations  and
bweet Songs
"The Acme of Artistic Versatility"
Eddie Irene
'11 "Bits of Vaudeville"
The Grand Old Mau of Baseball
Former Captain-Manager of thc Chicago "White Stockings"
"Earth's Incomparable Cyclist"
Dare Devil Bicyclist, in a Sensational
Victoria Theatre
Starting Monday, Feb.  ioth, (or One Week,
Matinees Wednesday and Saturday
The Wonderful Motion Pictures of tlie Great*
est of all Entertainments
"Let 'er Buck I"
Tlie 1912
Pendleton Round-Up
(Where the Cowboy Is King)
Hundreds of real Cowpunchers, Cowgirls
and Full-blooded Indians, Wild and Ferocious
Outlaw Horses and Cattle, showing the work
of the Brave ami Fearless Cowboys and Cowgirls on the Kange.
See thc many Thrilling and Dangerous
Phases of Frontier Life, Wild Horses and
Vicious Cattle conquered by these ()uink :is-
Ughtning aud Cool-headed Cowpunchers.
Skill and daring against brute strength and
"Let 'er Buck!"
Is thc yell of tbe Cowboys and Crowds at the
Remember  the  Time  and   Place.
Prices:     Evenings,   25c,   aU   seats  Reserved;
Matinees, 15c.
Victoria Theatre
Tuesday, February 18th.
and Company
Box office opens Saturday, February
uth. Mail orders now.
Prices: $1.00 to $3.00. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
The Week
A Provincial Newspaper and Review
published every Saturday by
"The Week" Publishing
Company, Limited
Published  at  1208  Government  St,
Victoria, B.C., Canada
The Week Publishing Co., Ltd., has
pleasure in announcing that arrangements have been concluded to amalgamate the interests of "The Week"
and "The Week-End," and that on the
15th instant the first issue of a new
paper under these auspices will be
made. The paper will be of the standard size of the leading Canadian and
American Weeklies, such as "The Toronto Saturday Night," and will feature all the departments common to
those papers, as well as maintaining
those which have made "The Week"
and "The Week-End" popular and
successful. The publication will in
every respect compare favourably with
similar papers in the East, and will,
for the first time, furnish the advertisers of British Columbia with an opportunity of giving publicity to their
business requirements in an adequate
manner, as the new publication will
have by far the largest circulation of
any Weekly in the Province. The
title will remain unaltered and the
policy and editorial control will be the
same as for the last ten years. The
Publishers realize that the time has
come when Victoria and Vancouver
Island demand a standard paper, and
it will be their object to feature in the
most prominent manner the splendid
era of progress upon which the Prov*
ince has now entered. The conduct
of "The Week" will hereafter be in
the hands of W. Blakemore, as editor,
F. A. Churchill, Jr., as manager, A. L.
Mullen, as advertising manager, and
L. McLeod Gould, as secretary.
A Modern
By Bohemian
Victoria houses a modern Ulysses.
Not that a real Ulysses could ever be
confined within the four walls of a
house; for him the umbrageous
wood's, the sylvan glades and the
"nine miles of hard sand beaches."
But our Ulysses, nevertheless, considers that he is in some respects a
counterpart or a "reincarnation" of
his great namesake of the mythological period. At any rate, they have
this in common that our modern
Ulysses, surfeited with the offerings
of an effete civilization, was lured by
mysterious whisperings, flashed
through channels of communications
known only to science, awl steered
his barque for the shores of Vancouver Island.
Alas, what a sad disappointment
awaited him! He admits that he found
the umbrageous woods and the sylvan glades, even if thc nine miles of
firm, hard, sand beaches had dwindled
somewhat. He even admits that he
found a "climate," although declaring
it to be not quite equal to sample, but
the lovely sirens with their seductive
music were not in evidence, and thus
this "Garden of Allah" was for our
modern Ulysses deprived of its chief
attraction, and from a noble figure
looming large in the classical pages
of mythology he too has dwindled,
the rather, into a modern edition of
the Wandering Jew, who, day after
day (when the weather permits) pursues his1 restless tramp in search of
some diversion from what to him has
become the monotony of a virtuous
and orderly life, washed out in grey
and unrelieved by a single roseate
hue. And all because "Victoria the
Beautiful," offers him no enchanting
music and no harmless and innocuous
I must confess that this modern
Ulysses has my full sympathy. I too
shudder at the picture too often drawn
by our imaginative publicity   agents I
of a Victoria from which beauty shall
be banished and in which the music
will be supplied only by the clinking
of the hammer, the rattle of machinery or the hiss of steam.
I, too, sometimes wander wearily in
the quiet purlieus of our rapidly dim-
inis'hing pleasure retreats and wonder what next? What will there be
left for a quiet and introspective mind
to dwell upon, when all the business
blocks contemplated, all the thousands of homes promised, to say nothing of all the factory chimneys, grain
warehouses ancl storage plants, which
an enterprising and energetic community contemplate with equanimity,
have blotted 'out the fairest features
of the landscape?
It may be objected that this will
never occur, ancl that there will always be some quiet corner and* some
green spot for the man who has done
his life's work and having borne "the
'heat and burden of the day" is anxious* at "eventide to find peace."
All I can say is that this rosy expectation will not be realized unless
the builders of Victoria make provision now, in the hey-day of our rush,
for the future of fifty or a hundred
years to come. Their predecessors
made a good start when Beacon Hill
Park was reserved1.
Our solons of 1913 have copied an
excellent example in acquiring Stadacona Park, but as the modern Ulysses, whose complaint will be found in
the 'Correspondence columns of the
current issue of The Week, points out,
we have contented ourselves with
simply acquiring spaces; we have not
improved them. We have catered for
one side of modern requirements and
ignored the other.
Why should not our unexcelled esplanade be featured with a modern
pavilion affording recreation and
amusement of every kind, and offering facilities for the open-air features
of Continental life, which are its
greatest attraction and. which every
year lure hundreds of thousands of
English people abroad?
There is no doubt that our correspondent has voiced a very urgent
need'; one which is much more widely
felt than most people are willing to
admit. It is surely an anomaly that
Victorians, with all the unparalleled
advantages which their city and environs afford, should have to go elsewhere for their amusements, at any
rate for those open-air features which
are at once the greatest attraction and
the healthiest recreation of the
1 can only hope that the very in
telligent and incisive letter of our
correspondent may help to crystallize
public sentiment on this subject. Mr
Justice Martin threw out an excellent
idea just before the late election; the
City Fathers have been groping after
some practical solution of the same
In this day of unexampled prosperity and growth, have we not sufficient
public spirit to tackle the problem
and initiate a scheme for providing,
on the sea front, an aggregation of
recreative attractions which would
meet the want of every member of
the community and furnish in particular to those who come here with
money to spend and' leisure to fill,
some of those higher attractions
which have made Continental cities
aud more recently Californian cities a
household word.
The Social Service Commission
of Victoria, B. C.
At the Victoria Book tnd Stationery Co., 1004 Government
St., Victoria, B.C.:
"No Other Way," by Gordon
Holmes.   $1.50.
"In  Search  of  Arcady," by
Nina Wilcox Putnam.   $1.50.
"Elizabeth   in   Retreat,"   by
Margaret Westrup.   $1.50.
This Society shall be entitled "The
Social Service Commission."
The Social Service Commission has
for its object the betterment of social,
moral and industrial conditions* in our
province, and especially in Victoria.
The Commission seeks to attain this
object by the association of ministers
of religion for the realization of the
social mission of organized religion,
by investigation, consideration and
concerted* action.
The members of the Commission
shall be ministers of religion, also the
recognized leaders of religious organizations and ministers without charge
in good standing in the religious
bodies with which they are identified.
The work of the Commission shall
be embraced under the following
1. Housing.
2. Public Health.
3. Capital and Labour.
4. Women and Children.
5. Public Morals.
6. Temperance.
7. Delinquents.
And such others as may from time
to time be agreed upon.
Under each of these heads there
shall be a standing committee of not
fewer than four, who shall report in
writing at each regular meeting of
the Commission.
On the request of the Convener of
any Committee the Chairman of the
Commission shall convene a special
meeting to receive a report.
The minority shall have the right
of presenting a report, which shall be
duly received, and such report must
be in writing.
VII.—Political   Questions
No political question shall be introduced into the business of the Commission, excepting when some vital
religious or moral principle is involved, and in the case of doubt the
question of the admissibility of any
such subject shall be decided by a
two-thirds majority 'of those present.
The Commission shall meet regularly on the second Monday in each
month at 2.30 p.m. (the months of
July and August excepted), at such
place as shall from time to time be
The officers of the Commission
shall be a Chairman, Vice-Chairman
and Secretary-Treasurer. In the absence of the Chairman and Vice-
Chairman the members present at a
meeting shall elect one of their number to fill the chair.
The Executive shall consist of the
officers and the chairmen of Standing Committees.
XI.—Duties of Secretary-Treasurer
The Secretary-Treasurer shall keep
a minute book in which he shall enter the minutes of the meetings of
the Commission, and he shall file all
reports of Committees. He shall also
receive and keep all monies and expend them as the Commission shall
XII.—Annual Meeting
The annual meeting of the Commission shall be held on the second
Monday in December, when officers
and committees shall be elected and
a report on the year's work and accounts submitted in writing by the
Each member of the  Commission
shall contribute a fee of not less than
One Dollar per year.
XIV.—Alteration of Constitution
No alteration shall be made in this
Constitution without notice of motion
to that effect having been given in
writing at the previous regular meeting, ancl no change shall be made
without a two-thirds majority of
those present.
Officers and Committees 1912-1913
The   Right   Reverend   Dr.   Alexander   MacDonald, Bishop of Victoria.
The Right Reverend Dr. J. C. Roper, Bishop
of Columbia.
Hon.  Secretary-Treasurer
Rev. William Stevenson, 1922 Fernwood Road.
Standing Committees
*Rev. Robert Connell (Anglican).
Rev. A. J. Stanley Ard (Anglican).
Rev. B. II. Balderston (Methodist).
Rev. Dr. J. Campbell (Presbyterian).
II.—Public Health
•Rev. J. A. Wood (Methodist).
Rev. D. W. Ganton (Methodist).
Rev. Hon. T. R. Heneage (Anglican).
Rev. Dr. MacRae (Presbyterian).
III.—Capital and Labour
*Rev. Dr. T. C. Scott (Methodist).
Rev. Hermon A. Carson (Congregationalist).
Rev. W. H, Dawe (Anglican).
Rev. J.  B. Warnicker (Baptist).
IV.—Women  and  Children
"Rev. W. Leslie Clay (Presbyterian).
Rev. Father Laterme (Roman Catholic).
Rev. E. G. Miller (Anglican).
Rev". H. P. Thorpe (Baptist).
*The Very Rev. Dean Doull (Anglican).
The Right Rev. Bishop MacDonald (Roman
Rev. Joseph McCoy  (Presbyterian).
The Right Rev. Bishop Roper (Anglican).
Rev. W. Stevenson  (Baptist).
*Rev. C. M. Tate (Methodist).
Rev. Thomas Green (Methodist).
Rev. Robert A. Macconnell  (Presbyterian).
Mr.   Frederick  Witham   (General   Secretary,
(Prisons and Prisoners)
•Rev. Thos.   W.   Gladstone   (Reformed
Mr. Robert W. Clark (Friends).
Rev. Frederick H. Fatt (Anglican).
Captain MacDonald (Salvation Army)
Rev. John Robson (Methodist).
•Rev. W.  Baugh  Allen   (Rural  Dean.
Rev. T. W. Gladstone (Reformed Epfscopal).
Rev. H. S. Hastings (Methodist).
Rev. Dr. C. T. Scott (Methodist).
•Those marked with an asterisk are chairmen of committees.
It is intended that these Committees shall
be enlarged as felt to be necessary.
Victoria, Feb. 2, 1913.
Editor, Tne Week:
Sir,—I happen to be one of those
dwellers on earth who are seeking
for homes surrounded with some
small comforts and plenty of sunshine. Lured by the glowing descriptions of Victoria which are promulgated so assiduously all over England, I have come here hoping and
expecting to find all that mortal could
wish for; but after an experience of
nearly twelve months I have to con
fess to a feeling of disappointment.
Your climate in summer is lovely and
your scenery is exceedingly beautiful,
your winter is not much to boast
about, but it is endurable and it is
short. Now, do you imagine that this
is enough to attract the semi-leisured
class that is to be the future backbone
of Victoria. I do not wish to become
a real estate agent, nor do I wish to
wear out body and soul in a vain desire to grow fruit, what I want is to
spend my modest income and to be
gently and pleasantly amused. I find
the spending of the aforesaid income
wonderfully easy, but when it comes
to amusement I simply cannot find it
and I am bored to extinction. The
fact is that you are so wrapped up in
planning subdivisions that the little
amenities of life are escaping you, I
cannot always be taking walks or
drives in the country and I confess
to feeling horribly bored most of my
time. I want some place to bask in
the sunshine and perhaps hear good
music. You have no esplanade or
pier and there is no place where the
world and his wife can foregather
and enjoy themselves in their own
particular manner. I read of public
baths. Excellent! but why not combine them with other attractions,
along, say, the sea front in Beacon
Hill park—build a pier, where one cal
enjoy, perhaps, the    most   beautifif
view in the world and listen to th
strains  of  a  good  band  and  whel
one can lunch and dine out of door|
If you want to attract visitors ar.
residents you must amuse them, tak
a leaf out of books of the Continent:!
and South of England resorts; the
vie with each other in allurements cl
this nature and I can assure you th.T
no investment of this sort ever shov
ed a better return.   Turn aside frol
the mad scramble to get rich quit,
and cultivate a few of those gentld
arts which are after all so necessad
in this short life of ours. Victoria hi
all the settings for a beautiful ail
cultured city of homes and it resi
with those in power to take advanta^
of its great possibilities.
Yours truly,
(By Isabel Ecclestone Mackay)
One comes with foot insistent to my door,
Calling my  name;
Nor voice nor footstep have I heard befor|
Yet clear the calling comes, and o'er and o'el
It seems the sunlight burns along the floor |
With paler flame I
" 'Tis vain to call with morning on the win j
With noon so near, j
With Life a dancer in the masque of Spriii
And I new wedded with Youth's golden ring-]
When falls the night and birds have ceasil
to sing,
My heart may hear 1   .
" 'Tis vain to pause.    Pass, friend, upon yoJ
I may not heed;
Too swift the hours, too sweet, too brief tl|
day! f
Only one life, one spring, one perfect May-I
I crush each moment with its sweets to std
Life's joyous greed 1
"Call not again!    The wind is roaming by |
Across the heath—
The Wind's a tell-tale and will bear yortr sig!
Xo dim the smiling gladness of the sky,
Or kill  the spring's  first violets that lie
In purple sheath.
"If you must call, call low!    My heart gro«|
Still as my breath
Still as your smile, oh, Ancient One! A chil
Strikes through thc sun upon the window-sil-|
1 know you now—I follow where you will,
Oh Tyrant Death!"
—In the February Canadian Magazinl
(By J. C.  M. ,Duncan)
When as the morning star decreased
In splendour, and the moon grew wan,|
A gate was opened in the east,
The chariot of the dawn.
Rolled through;   a drift of golden light,
Whose flying glory smote afar,
The last horizons of the night,
And quenched  the morning star.
And fronted all the hills with fire,
And fledged the naked woods with flam|
And rounded til! the world's desire,
Within its compass came.
And wheresoe'er on field and hill,
Its fiery splendours were outblown,
The snows lay passionless, and still,
And luminous, and lone.
It is my daily and dear endeavour,
A  princelier*  son  of  Plutus  never
Did  in  this world  exist;
To   nobody   second
I'm easily reckoned
The boss philanthropist,
It is my most inane endeavour
To rid myself of pelf
So every cent'll
Quite  incidentally  advertise myself.
My object all sublime
I shall achieve in time—
To show that opulence is a crime,
That opulence is a crime;
And make each million spent
Etematly represent
A never-ending advertisement—
An endless advertisement.
I lie awake nights inventing plans
To give my wealth away.
I've libraries  scattered
And spattered and splattered
All over the U. S. A.
And every hour or so I start
A "Fund" for this or that;
But  sdmehow  or  other,
In one way or t'other,
They fall extremely flat.
I fling my gold like sightless Plutus,
The mythological mint,
And prattle with unction
At every function
To get my name in print.
It is my daily and dear endeavour,
M," constant end and aim,
To scatter my ducats,
In barrels and buckets,
And advertise my name.
—Chicago Tribune.
'How did you like the actor who playeJ
the  king?"
'Ever since I saw him I've been i*|
favour of a republic." THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
January 29 to February 4
January 29—
Jos. Wilmore—Pembroke St.—Garage   $  110
J. H. Burrill—Leighton Road—Dwelling  2,000
A. Godwin—Woodlands—Dwelling    1,700
Mrs. Ellen Jones—Lang—Dwelling   1,500
Jas. Lyon—Fernwood and North—Store Front  350
J. R. Williams—Connaught St.—Dwelling   1,600
Bungalow Const. Co.*—Beechwood and Lillian—Dwelling.. 1,900
January 30—
A. F. Roy—Dunedin St.—Alt  600
Neil Shearer—Lionel St.—Temp. Dwelling  150
A. Smith—Emma St.—Dwelling   3,500
Cameron Lumber Co.—Selkirk St.—Warehouse   1,400
January 31—
A. J, Carson—Niagara St.—Garage   500
T. B. Winship—Wellington St.—Dwelling   4,200
Evans, Coleman & Evans—Pandora St.—Partition  1,000
Herbert Reeves—Walnut St.—Dwelling   600
N. Shakespeare—Dunedin St.—Dwelling  2,750
Peter & Vanderburgh—Graham St.—Dwelling  1,700
(February 1—
A. Coleman—Cook St.—Temp. Dwelling  150
J. W. Bolden—Pandora St.—Alt  150
A. E. Evans—Rockland and Pemberton—Garage  350
Miss M. E. Carr—Simcoe St.—Studio and Apts  5,000
|February 3—
Van. Prince Rupert Meat Co.—Johnson St.—Alt  1,800
F. J. Hart & Co.—Government St.—Store  565
E. Hamilton—Bowlsby Place—Dwelling   2,400
W. E. Van Munster—Olive St.—Dwelling  2,500
W. E. Van Munster—Olive St.—Dwelling  2,500
W. E. Van Munster—Faithful St.—Dwelling  2,500
W. E. Van Munster—Oxford St.—Dwelling   2,500
W. E. Van Munster—Ryan St.—2 Dwellings, each  1,000
W. E. Van Munster—Ryan St.—Dwelling   1,600
S. C. Farise—Hulton and Cowan—Dwelling  7,500
Jalland Bros.—Moss St.—Stores and Apts  8,000
P. R. Brown—Douglas and Fort Sts.—Store Front  125
| February 4—
A. E. Shore—Chester St.—Dwelling  3,000
W. Stewart—Belmont St.—Dwelling   2,000
Albert Miglot—Steel St.—Dwelling   200
Jas. K. Angus—Garbally Road—Garage and Alt  300
We are Joint Owners
and Sole Agents of
Fort George Townsite
on the Main Une of the G. T. P.
Transcontinental and the Northern
Terminus o* the Pacific and Great
Eastern Railway.
Also on the line of all Railroads
building or projected through Central
B. C. and the Peace River District.
And at the Junction of over One
Thousand Miles of Navigable Waterways.
FORT GEORGE is the Natural
Gateway to the Peace River District,
being closer to the very heart of the
Peace River Country than is Edmonton.
FORT GEORGE will be the wholesale supply point, the manufacturing
and railroad centre for the Great Inland Empire of Central and Northern
B.C., and the Peace River District alone
contains over One Hundred Million
Acres of rich agricultural, mineral,
timber and coal lands.
There will be some cities and many
towns and villages in this vast rich
territory, but large or small they must
all pay tribute to
which fact will be apparent to all who
investigate intelligently. Many fortunes will be made in business and
investments by those who write or call
today. For special prices on inside
business lots, maps, plans, photos, etc.,
Natural Resources
Security Co., Ltd
Paid-up  Capital  $250,000
Taylor Mill Co.
All hinds of Building Material
Lumber   .'   Sash   .'   Dom
Telephone 564
North Government Street, Victoria
Fire Insurance, Employers'
Liability & Contractors'
Bonds Written
See us about Real Estate
Green & Burdick Bros.
Cor. Broughton and Langley Streets
Telephone 4169
Telephone 4170
A. W. Bridgman
Real Estate, Financial and Insurance Agent
Conveyancer and Notary Public
Established 1858
Commercial  Union  Assurance  Co.,   Ltd.
of London, England
Canada Accident Insurance Company
Imperial Underwriters' Corporation
Northern Counties Investment Trust, Limited
of Bradford, England.
1007 Government Street
Victoria, B. C.
City Transportation Problem Is Solved
dP; LECTRIC TRUCKS are today employed in over one hundred
|L different lines of trade and are the ideal equipment for hauling goods
in every city and town where electric current is available. In countless instances they have demonstrated their superiority over horses and
gasoline trucks by reason of their economy, reliability and durability. More
electric trucks have been purchased in the past twelve months than had been
sold up to that time, and over seventy percent, of these have been repeat
orders. The experimental period of construction and practical application
is well past. Progressive users of trucks are very rapidly realizing that the
electric offers the true solution of the city transportation problem. Let us go
into the matter with you.
B. C. Electric Railway Company, Ltd.
Light and Power Department Telephone 1609 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
Provincial Notes
& Dominion News
New Lighthouse and Wireless
,     Station
The new lighthouse at Langara Island will very soon be in full display;
followed by a wireless station. The
light will be the first sighted by deep
sea ships entering Prince Rupert.
Coquitlam Advances
Coquitlam seems to be going ahead.
A traffic bridge is to be constructed
over the Pitt River; a two million
dollar harbour scheme is projected,
ancl grain elevators are to be erected
to cope with diversion of prairie trade
westward—another big shipping port
for B. C.
B. C. Fruit in England
A cablegram from the Agent-General of British Columbia, Hon. J. H.
Turner, received a few days since by
the Provincial Minister of Agriculture at Victoria, gives the gratifying
information that the exhibit of British Columbia fruits swept all before
it at the great exposition recently held
in Manchester, which is accounted one
of the most important fruit shows in
the United Kingdom.
Okanagan Peaches
It is reported that the solution of
the problems affecting the fruit-growers of the Okanagan are occupying
a good deal of attention at Penticton.
The winter has been comparatively
mild, with a fair amount of snow, and
the trees, including the peaches, which
always occasion the most anxiety are
coming through in good shape. Judging by the fruit buds the growers
are likely to have another big crop.
But still the problems referred to have
to be faced.
Tree and Fruit Pests, Etc.
The stringent Government regulations of 'both the Dominion'and the
Provinces regarding the importation
of trees, shrubs, plants and other
kinds of vegetation have been collected and published as a bulletin,
with explanatory notes by the Dominion Entomologist, Dr. C. Gordon
Hewitt. It is entitled, "Legislation in
Canada to prevent the introduction
and spread of Insects, Pests and Diseases destructive to vegetation," and
is published as Bulletin No. II, second
series, of the Experimental Farms
Branch of the Dominion Department
of Agriculture. It also forms Entomological bulletin No. 6 of the Division of Entomology. It may be obtained free on application to the Publication Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa. The laws and regulations of the Dominion Government
and of the Governments of those
Provinces possessing such legislation,
namely, British Columbia, Nova
Scotia, Ontario and Prince Edward
Island are given. A full explanation
is given to the regulations which must
be observed by persons importing
Stock into Canada and into the Provinces mentioned.
More than half of the pests of Canada are not native to the country but
have been introduced or have migrated hither. The object of this legislation is to prevent further introduction with all the consequential enormous loss.
Government   Sanctions   the   Second
Narrows Bridge
This great project has at length
been brought to a happy conclusion
by the decision at Ottawa on Wednesday -of Hon. Robert Rogers, Minister of Public Works, vvith reference
to the height of the floor of the
bridge above high water mark .
This is a feature of the bridge concerning which organizations representing special interests had made
extravagant demands and had sought
by every influence within their power
to obtrude those demands upon the
public as represented by the bridge
company. A ruling given by the Department   of    Public    Works    some
weeks ago contained, among other
requirements, one to the effect that
the floor of the 'bridge must be 55
feet above extreme high water, and
it therefore looked as if the special
interests had prevailed* upon this
point. The Board of Directors of
Burrard Inlet Tunnel and Bridge
Company nothing daunted, however,
by this seemingly adverse decision, at
once adopted energetic measures to
press upon the department an alternative proposition that either the
height be reduced to 45 feet or the
Government give some assurance
that an increased subsidy would be
granted in order to pay the additional cost of $270,000, which would
be necessitated in carrying out the
requirements imposed by the department.
iMr. H. H. Stephens gave his
strongest support to the company,
and t'he Government's final decision
was t'he following telegram:—
"Headway fixed, forty-five feet,
Public Works Department this morning.
"(Signed)   Pringle and Guthrie."
This decision places the board of
directors in position to issue instructions to the firm of Sir John Wolfe-
Barry, Lester and* Partners, to rush
the detailed plans, preparatory to
calling for tenders, and a rapid movement of bridge matters generally may
be anticipated.
Direct Telegraph to Hope
Direct telegraph service into Hope
is now assured according to arrangements recently completed between F.
Richardson, superintendent of the C.
P. R. telegraph service in Vancouver,
and H. V. Cottrell, postmaster of
The service will be operated by Mr.
Cottrell on terms already agreed upon
between himself and the company.
This will mean slightly higher
charges to the people of Hope than if
•they were on the main line, but considerably lower than the present
charge for telegraph service and telephone connection.
For Agricultural Education
The sum of $50,000,000, which the
Dominion Parliament will appropriate
during the next ten years to agricultural education, Is additional to the
ordinary votes from the Federal
Treasuary. The money is allotted to
the provinces to assist in this branch
of their educational work. Most of
the services and purposes outlined are
such as will come within the scope of
the Faculty of Agriculture in the
University of British Columbia. From
the Federal grant British Columbia
will draw this year $47,334. which will
be increased at the rate of $5,467 a
year until 1917, when it will have
reached $69,202. This will be the annual allowance until 1923.
The assistance is intended to provide for the equipment and improvement of agricultural, horticultural and
dairy schools, the initiation of agricultural teaching in public schools,
nature study, domestic science and
general demonstration work, and this
should easily work in with the agricultural department of the university
Purblind Economy
Every gospel has a converse side
The farmers of Alberta have by an
almost unanimous vote in a meeting
of delegates recorded that they are
opposed to all naval equipment and
armament, stand for universal peace,
and denounce the Dominion grant of
$35,000,000. This is purblind econ
Electric Railways
Electric railways in Canada carried
last year 48F.865.682 passengers, an
increase of over 62,000,000. There
were no persons killed during the
year by the electric cars and 3,128 injured.
Railway Accidents
The annual report of Mr. J. Lambert Payne, comptroller of railway
statistics, shows that a total of 568
persons were killed and 3,780 injured;
increases, respectively, of 73 and 451
on the railways of Canada last year.
One passenger in every 872,855 was
killed. Of those fatally injured 215
were employees, 235 trespassers and
47 passengers. The returns state that
ig5>90i persons were in the employ
of railways on June 30th, as against
141,224 on the same date in 1911. The
salaries and wages bill for the year
amounted to $87,299,639. The increment was $12,685,901. Employees attached to outside operations were
paid $6,937,984 over and above the
foregoing total. Tax bills of railways
totalled $2,200,529.
Grain Elevators
■A great system of grain elevators
is being projected throughout the
Prairie Provinces by the co-operation
of the railways and the various Governments. But whereas the railways
figure that the same railway equipment as at present would be able to
give four-fold the present service, the
Government has concluded that public ownership is the only solution of
the larger elevator question. That the
proposed course of action will meet
with public approval goes without
A Tremendous Increase
For the fiscal year ending 30th Nov.
last the Department of Trade and
Commerce shows an aggregate of $1,-
005,700,000. This is a tremendous increase, and marks the high water
mark since confederation and equals,
if it does not surpass, the total trade
of any ten consecutive years in the
country's history before the early
nineties. It is an increase of $188,700,-
000 over the same period last year,
the figures for 1911 being $817,000,000.
Canada is increasing in wealth, population and trade and she is certain to
stay with the policy that is developing her so fast and making her a great
factor in the Empire.
Canada's Revenue
'Canada's revenue for three quarters
of the current fiscal year up to the
end of December has been $124,577,-
556, an increase of $25,094,609 or nearly 26 per cent as compared with the
corresponding nine months of 1911. If
the same rate of increase is maintained for the next three months the total
revenue for the year will, it is estimated, pass the $170,000,000 mark.
The increase has, of course, heen
largely in customs revenue. Expenditures also show a considerable increase under the new administration.
For the nine months the expenditure
on revenue account totalled $67,001,-
575, a jump of $12,697,704 over the
corresponding period of 1911. It is by
far the largest jump in ordinary expenditure for any nine months in the
history of the Dominion.
Railway Development
Canada's great railway system
shows rapid development in mileage,
equipment, traffic, etc., during past
year. The Department of Railways,
for year ending 30th June, 1912, reports that there are in all 27,727 niiles
of railway in Canada. Of this total,
1330 miles were added during the
year to the lines actually under op
eration. In addition to this there
were 1622 miles of the Grand Trunk
Pacific really being operated, which
were regarded as under construction;
there were further 1738 miles completed but not operated, 3990 miles
were under construction and 1474
miles were surveyed. Of the mileage
actually entered as completed and be
ing operated, over 83 per cent goes to
the credit of the four western provinces. The total mileage of Government owned and operated line is 2092.
The amount of share capital of Canadian railway companies is $770,459,-
351, the net earnings for the year
were $68,677,213, or 8.91 per cent, the
amount paid in dividends was $31,-
164,791, or 4.04 per cent. The gross
earnings for 1912 were $219,403,752.79,
an increase of 16.2 per cent over the
preceding year. The operating expenses for the year were $150,726,-
539.87, an increase of 15 per cent. The
Cordova Bay
IS Acre Snap
This land is situated on the crest of the hill between the crest of
the hill between Elk Lake and Cordova Bay and close to where the
C. N. R. will pass.
Half this acreage is almost ready for thc plow, only a few stumps
remaining. The other half is covered with beautiful evergreens about
12 or 15 feet high.
A splendid view is afforded from this point of Elk Lake and the
Sooke Hills in the distance and, on the other side, of Cordova Bay,
the Islands in the Gulf, all passing boats en route to Vancouver and
northern ports and Mount Baker beyond the Gulf.
City Lots in the adjoining corner section sold at $250 each.
We can deliver this at only $700 per Acre
Chu. Hayward
Reginald Hayward
P. Caielton
The B. C. Funeral Co.
(Successors to Charles Hayward)
Late of 1016 Government Street, have removed to their new building,
734 Broughton Street, above Douglas.
Phonei 3335,   ******3*->.   -"37,  ->*>38.
Established 186;
ratio of operating expenses to gross
earnings was 68.7 per cent, a decrease
of .7 per cent as compared with 1911.
The public service of railways for the
year was represented in the carrying
of 41,124,181 passengers and 89,444,331
tons of freight.
Internal Elevators
The C. P. R. has announced and in
fact formulated a project for a great
system of internal elevators. Under
this terminal elevators of 1,000,000
bushels capacity will be erected at
Calgary, Edmonton and Saskatoon.
This will obviate car shortage, freight
congestion, coal famines; and generally help all business progress through
the Dominion; for one part, like one
industry, acts and reacts on. the other.
The 1913 immigration rush is starting off very strongly and no fewer
that four large parties of new settlers
have already found their way into the
Canadian West since the beginning of
the year; 250 persons were brought
into Winnipeg by the C. P. R. a few
days ago. Eighty per cent of the new
arrivals were young men, who have
come out from the British Isles.
Trade Relations with Australia
Australia's purchases of Canadian
agricultural implements and machinery continues to grow. This is gratifying, and the trade relationship will be
facilitated by the reciprocal arrangement which Mr. George E. Foster is
sure to effect. Mr. D. H, Ross, Canadian trade commissioner in Australia,
says that the lead is held by Canadians
by thorough management, constant
vigilance, effectiveness and superiority of goods, and that the result
achieved is an object lesson to Canadian manufacturers of other lines of
merchandise as to what trade can be
obtained in distant oversea markets
by persistent effort, while holding an
equally prominent position in the
home market. For comparative purposes, the subjoined schedule shows
the value of Australian importations,
from the three principal countries of
manufacture—Canada, the United
States and the United Kingdom—during the last two years: Australian imports of agricultural machinery for
1910 wcre, from Canada $1,290,060;
from United States, $1,209,975; from
United Kingdom, $396,880. For 1911,
from Canada, $1,302,925; from United
States, $1,283,560; from United Kingdom, $347,205.
Just like mother used
to make only
The Palace of Sweets
747 Fort Street
Victoria, B. C.
Royal Bank Chambers
Vi<ftoria, B. C
Thomas Hooper
522 Winch Building
Vancouver, B. C
Blue Printing
Surveyors' Instruments and
Drawing  Office  Suppliei
Electric Blue Print & Map
214 Central Bldg., View Street
Phone 1534        Victoria, B. C.
Mrs. D. B. McLaren
Teacher of Singing and
Voice Production
Terms on Application   Phone X2308
A Weekly Review of the Most Important Happenings in the
Mining World, with Special Reference to New Discoveries and
Developments.    Edited by W. Blakemore, M.I.M.E., Greenwell Medallist
rHE prolonged strike at Cumberland and Extension  has
attracted wide-spread atten-
m   and,   incidentally,   raised   a
imber of very important   ques-
)ns in connection with coal min-
the fact that coal is scarce and
tremely difficult to obtain. Many
nsumers   have   been   driven   to
irn wood   instead   of   coal   and
ose who have been able to ob-
in coal have had to be content
ith short rations.    This state of
ifairs is anomalous in a Province
mtaining the largest area of coal
nds in the Dominion and it is
.. to be wondered at that the pub-
has grown  restive  under  the
Imtinuance of such a state of af-
To say this is not to prejudge
ny matter in dispute, or to indi-
Ite where the blame rests, but it
I the duty of the press to direct at-
■fntion to a state of affairs which,
addition to  bringing   privation
lid suffering to scores of families
(rectly affected by the strike, has
Iso occasioned wide-spread incon-
pnience to the public.
There can be no  question  that
leps should be taken to end the
Irike.   An appeal has been made
the Provincial Government, but,
Iving to a technicality, it has been
pund impossible to accede to the
(quest of the miners' deputation
Ihich waited on the Department.
]The   Week   ventures to think,
[.wever, that while it may not be
Issible to proceed   with an   en-
jiiry based upon a supposed viola-
|>n of the Coal Mines Regulations
ct, because no specific charge has
len laid by the men, there is no
lason why the general strike con-
Ition   which   has   thrown   more
jan a thousand men out of em-
loyment and which has now been
rolonged for nearly six  months,
lould not be made the subject of
Ivestigation on general principles.
J The men think that they are too
lirshly dealt with;   that   one   of
leir number has been discriminat-
against and   practically   frozen
lit of employment because he too
lithfully discharged his duty as a
Is examiner. The employers claim
lat they are fighting a battle to a
liish with an American organiza-
pn which seeks to dominate the
Ial mining industry of British Co-
Imbia.   These two points of dif-
Irence would seem to be as far
lunder as the Poles and would ap-
}ar to suggest that there is a mis-
liderstanding which careful inves-
Tjation might remove.
(Discrimination against  a  work-
an  is a very difficult thing to
|ove, although it is often suspect-
The evidence is invariably cir-
(mstantial and not always conclude.    However   strongly the men
lay feel that they are right in their
lspicion it is extremely doubtful
they can prove it, and if they
lil to do so they would have to
landon their contention as unten-
J On the other hand, it is almost
jrtain that in the present instance
|e coal owners would not be able
> prove that there has been any in-
Irference in local affairs by Am-
[ican labour organizations.   As a
matter of fact. the present strike
was entered upon without the authority and against the advice of
the U. M. W. A. of America, of
which the local union is a branch.
The strike started under the impulse of annoyance at the refusal
of the employers to meet a deputation of the union. On hearing of
this refusal the men decided not
for a strike but for what they called a "holiday," the intention being
to take a day off, hold a mass meeting and consider the situation. But
the men were skating on thin ice
and they soon found that having
taken a somewhat drastic step they
were unable to restrain the hot
heads and so an irreconcileable situation was created, and a holiday
of a few days has developed, into
a strike of many months.
Now, whichever party may be in
the wrong, it is certain that three
parties are suffering—the owners
are losing large sums of money
through the enforced idleness of
their mines; the workmen anil
their families are not only losing
money, but feeling the pinch on
only a moderate strike allowance,
and the general public is suffering
from lack of fuel in mid-winter.
Perhaps it would be too much to
expect that either party to the dispute would consider another feature of the case, viz.: the disastrous
effect upon the business reputation
of the Province and the discouragement to investors occasioned by
these all too frequent labour troubles.
Having taken some little trouble
to investigate the matter, the writer
has no hesitation in saying that the
present strike is a mistake; that it
was unnecessary; tbat it was due
to a misunderstanding; that nothing is to be gained by prolonging it
and that the time has arrived when
the Provincial Government could
well afford to intervene in the public interest, an interest which is too
often lost sight of both by Capital
and Labour, but with the protection
of which the Government is undoubtedly charged.
[Since writing the above Mr. Parker Williams' series of resolutions have been considered in the loca! Legislature and negatived,
but the Premier lias promised thc immediate
appointment o[ a Commission to investigate
the whole subject o( coal production in the
Province and no doubt the work of thc Commission will cover the strike. It will bc seen
from a perusal of Hansard that the debate
followed pretty closely upon the lines of this
A mining engineer, points out that
the method of concentrating copper
ores, evolved at the Britannia mine
on Howe Sound, will practically
revolutionize copper mining on the
Pacific Coast, where great low grade
bodies of ore exist. Granby, too, is
bringing down the cost of production and is able to produce copper
now at a cost of 9% cents per pound,
which, with the present price, leaves
a good margin for profit. During the
past year, this company's earnings
were placed at $1,500,000. The money
was used to develop the new holdings in the north, where two millions
and a half are being spent or will be
spent in development. A few large
m'lvng companies operating like this
wil! mean much to cities on the Canadian Pacific coast.
Tlie British Columbia Steel Corporation may erect a plant at New
Westminster.   A conference has been
held between the representatives of
the council and the company, and an
outline has been given of the proposed operations. In the first year the
expenditure will be $500,000, with $1,-
000,000 in the second year and in five
years five million dollars will be expended in the construction of the
works. Provision has been made for
the supply of iron ore and for limestone.
Encouraging conditions prevail in
different parts of the province. In the
interior a year ago, lumber manufacturers did not think it worth while
to put men in the woods to cut timber. This year, they cannot get men
enough, and some of the managers
of hig companies are making personal visits to cities in the effort to
induce men to go into the interior
logging camps. Nelson had a good
year in 1912, its building permits being double what they were in 1911.
Several new mines have come into
the list of shippers. The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company
of Trail has purchased the Canadian
patents of the new process for the
treatment of low grade zinc ores, invented by Mr. A. Gordon French. If
this process is successful a problem
will be solved that has bothered mining operators in the Slocan district.
Many properties, rich otherwise, have
lain idle because of the presence of
ores that could not be profitably
treated.—Monetary Times.
OF B. C.
Oil Exploration in Fraser Valley
Members of the Vancouver Chamber of Mines and of the Board of
Trade, who interviewed the Mining
Committee of the Legislature on
Tuesday last urged the desirability of
the Provincial Government undertaking a comprehensive geological survey of British. Columbia.
The delegates, who were introduced
by Mr. Tisdale, consisted of Messrs.
Gilbert Blair, C. F. Law and W. A.
Blair of the Board of Trade, and Mr.
R. H. Hedley of the Chamber of
Mr. Blair urged a more extensive
advertisement of the mineral resources of the Province; also the inauguration of extensive geological
surveys by the Provincial Government, pointing out in connection with
the latter that the Dominion Government's service and work were entirely
inadequate to properly cover the immense mineral-bearing territory of B.
C. He also adverted to the fact that
the remission by the Government of
the assay tax on assaying at Vancouver would result in millions of dollars
of bullion tbat had been passing
through to the South, being hereafter
handled at Vancouver Assay Office
with the consequential advance to the
commerce of the city. Mr. Law supplied facts and figures whicii supported thc case for the Provincial Government's need to intervene; and he
further suggested that the Government might give assistance to the exploration of the possible oil and gas
deposits in the Lower Fraser Valley
and between Langley and Chilliwack.
What now was wanted to supplement
the work of private parties, he said,
was a plank capable of boring to a
depth of 200 feet; and urged that the
Government should co-operate.
Mr. Hedley cited as example the
exploratory work of the Province of
Ontario, and its splendid results to
mining and the general community.
Mr. Lome Campbell, M.P.P. for
Rossland and Chairman of the Mining
Committee of the House, pointed out
that a resolution had already been
drawn up by the Committee, who were
alive to the urgency of the case presented; and he stated that tllis resolution, whicii asks for the Federal
Government to continue to extend its
geological survey work in B. C,
would be wired to Ottawa by Sir
Richard McBride, the Provincial Minister of Mines.
Interesting information regarding
the production of pig iron in Canada
is given in a recently issued pamphlet of the Dominion Department of
Mines. British Columbia has s'o far
produced no pig iron, but the industry is growing in other provinces, and
is an important one to the Dominion
as a whole. An increase of 14.6 per
cent is shown in the production of
pig iron in Canada in 1911 over the
production of 1910, as compared with
an increase of 5.5 per cent in 1910
over that of 1909. At the close of
the year Canada had eighteen completed furnaces and two under construction, grouped in ten separate
plants and operated by eight separate
companies or corporations.
The total production in 1911 was
917,535 short tons valued at approximately $12,307,125, as compared with
800,797 short tons valued at $11,245,-
622 in 1910, and 757,162 short tons
valued at $9,581,864 in 1909. These
figures do not include the output from
electric furnaces making ferro-prod-
ucts, which are situated at Welland
and Saulte Ste. Marie, Out., and
Buckingham, Que. Ferro-silicon,
ferro-titanium and electric pig were
made at Welland and ferro-phosphor-
ous at Buckingham during 1911.
Of the total output of pig iron in
1911, 20,759 tons were made with
charcoal fuel, and 896,776 tons with
coke. The amount of charcoal iron
made in 1910 was 17,164 tons, and in
1909, 17,003 tons; while the quantity
made with coke in 1910 was 783,633
tons, and in 1909, 740,159.
The classification of the coke iron
production in 1911, according to the
purpose for which it was intended,
was as follows: Bessemer, 208,626
tons; basic, 464,221 tons; foundry (including miscellaneous), 223,929 tons.
The classification of the production
in 1910 was: Bessemer, 219,491 tons;
'basic, 425,400 tons; foundry, 138^42
While B. C. has not so far figured
in pig-iron production, it is certain
that among its resources the Province has all the material and potentials of a gigantic industry for the
immediate future.
Mineral production of the Kootenay
and Boundary districts in 1912 exceeded $17,000,000, an increase of $4,-
000,000 over 1911, according to the
Daily News annual review.
Values for the various metals were:
Gold', $4,718,444; silver, $1,535,484;
copper, $5,747,781; lead, $5,445,714;
zinc, $534,785; coal totalled $3,100,200.
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company's output was $5,400,-
7531 Granby Company produced $5,-
010,703; Hedley gold mines produced
$762,718 and other stamp mills in the
district $301,380. Dividends paid during the year totalled $1,212,251, and in
addition the Granby Company made
profits of $1,250,000, and Mother Lode
at Sheep Creek cleaned up $55,000.
Growth in production is evident on
all sides.        	
Fletcher T. Hamshaw, the well-
known Atlin operator, is on his way
ror the head of White River to develop some quartz property secured
by him some time ago and to prospect the country with a view of making further locations. Something like
thirty tons of freight arrived a week
or more ago for the Hamshaw outfit and all of it that can bc handled
■vill be started to White River via
Kluane. The party will probably
spend the summer in the White River
Quite a little stir is being made over
the renewed activity near Grande
Prairie in connection with the extensive gypsum deposits in the vicinity
of Falkland, which place is destined to
be one of the principal centres on the
new Canadian Northern Okanagan
branch line between Vernon and
These gypsum claims have been
known for many years, but lack of
transportation has 'prevented anything
like profitable work being done on
them. The deposits are of vast extent, and lie near the Salmon River
at Falkland, ten miles 'below Grande
With the promise of the C. N. R.
branch line passing right through that
section, the Manitoba Gypsum Company of Winnipeg have acquired some
of these claims and have arranged to
purchase eight acres of land from J.
Freeman, manager of the Salmon
River Land Company, for factory
site and location of an up-to-date
plant, and it is anticipated that a
large outlay of money will be made.
When the factory is complete there
will in all probability be nearly 200
men employed.
The gypsum claims have been said
to be some of the finest in Canada,
showing 99 per cent of pure gypsum
with an almost unlimited supply. The
Manitoba Gypsum Company intend
to supply the whole of the West from
the Falkland factories and the industry will mean a great deal for the
Kamloops district generally.
Immediate development work on
the arsenic iron ore deposits recently
opened up on Green Mountain group
on Bear River, 26 miles from Hazelton. The body shows increasing
width and value in both gold and silver. At 150 feet the cross-cut showed two to three feet of ore, and the
last fifty feet disclosed a fine shoot
of ore, fifteen feet wide. At this
point the tunnel has a depth of over
200 feet.
Values of $10 to $60 have been obtained from this ore. Samples have
been sent to Frank Jackson and C.
B. Clark, to whom the property was
recently bonded by Olson and partners. 	
The Boundary mines report the following for week ending 30th ulto.:
The Rawhide, 4,738 tons of ore; the
Granby mine, 22,947 tons; Mother
Lode mine, 5,474 tons; the Napoleon
mine, 965 tons; the Queen Victoria
mine, 999 tons; while at the same time
the Granby smelter treated 22,165 tons
of ore, and the Greenwood smelter
treated 11,434 tons of ore.
Total shipments from Granby
smelter to d'ate are 1,088,000 pounds,
and the company is increasing its
capital stock from $15,000,000 to $20,-
Last month the B. C. Copper Co.
paid in dividends $88,675, and the
Granby, $225,000.
The Queen Victoria mine near Nelson, recently purchased by the British Columbia Copper Company from
John P. Swedberg, has now made its
heaviest shipment since the big
Boundary company commenced operations by sending 560 tons to the
Greenwood smelter.
In the Nelson district the new year
operations show a steady output from
the Emerald and H-B mines in the
Sheep Creek district. Last week the
II-B shipped 165 tons of lead carbonate ore to Trail smelter and the Emerald sent out 66 tons of silver-lead
The Le Roi at Rossland again shipped over 1,000 tons. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
Coming Pacific Industrial City
How Industries will be Developed on Canada's West
Coast and How Port Edward and Prince
Rupert will work together towards
Big Success
The Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad
will ship its share of the immense
western grain crop westward, via
Prince Rupert and the Panama Canal.
It i' also known that the other Canadian roads will route a great deal
of their grain that way. People on
the Pacific seaboard are only just beginning to realize what this will mean
to Coast commerce and industry.
Recently it was estimated that, at
the present rate of progress, the
wheat crop alone, of the prairie country, will have reached 300,000,000
bushels. But, to be conservative, assume that the entire grain crop, five
years hence, will be only 100,000,000
bus'hels, which is far within the mark.
This means that the total g-ain shipment will weigh 3,700,000 tons, sufficient to give 600 steamers 6,000 tons
of grain each, or in other words a
complete cargo. No shipmaster cares
to take a full cargo of grain because
of its semi-liquid character when
stowed in bulk. The proportion
sought after" by most captains is two-
thirds grain and the balance cargo of
a different sort. Thus, to move the
100,000,000 bushels of grain from Pacific ports about 1,000 vessels, of 6,000
tons each, will be required.
Imagine then, what this will mean
to Vancouver, Victoria and Prince
Rupert—enough to send a vessel each
day of the entire year from ead
port. But, besides the grain there
will be 2,300,000 tons of general cargo.
Where is this to come from? Prince
Rupert answers the question in the
statement that the industries in the
resourceful country behind and adjacent to her will provide much of it.
How will this industrial development
be cared for considering that Prince
Rupert is hard pressed*even now for
waterfront location and pier wharf
room? The answer to this has recently been made public in the announcement of Prince Rupert's new Industrial Annex, Port Edward.
Port Edward, a natural industrial
site, on a wonderful natural harbour,
is situated eight miles south of Prince
Rupert, on what is called Porpoise
Harbour. In reality the new town-
site is immediately next door to
Prince Rupert as there is nothing between but a mountain range. The
Grand Trunk Pacific traverses the entire waterfront of Port Edward
which presents an ideal location for
industries that expect to send forth
their wares either east or west and
it offers such exceptional facilities for
the handling and trans-shipping of
materials and for the housing of the
men engaged in the development of
industries located on its shores, that
its rapid and prosperous growth and
development may be confidently
looked forward to.
Port Edward and Prince Rupert together possess such an array of advantages ancl features as an industrial
and shipping centre as to place them
in the lead of any other Coast port.
Port Edward provides just what
Prince Rupert lacked—for instance,
the depth of water close to high
water mark in the Prince Rupert Harbour along the shore of the present
townsite makes it impossible, except
in a few instances, to build pier
wharves unless the piers are constructed by a combination of cut and
fill entailing a very heavy expense.
This is not the case in Port Edward.
The shore line of the east side of
Porpoise Harbour is such that piers
at an angle of 45 degrees to the general direction of the shore line, may
be constructed out to a length of 600
feet, and these piers will have an
average depth at the outer end of 36
feet at low water, and will require
but little dredging at the inner end
to give an average depth of 26 feet at
low water. It may easily be deepened
to a further depth of 30 feet at low
water. Eleven of these piers are
available with a combined docking
length of 14320 feet.
The sale of townsite lots in Port
Edward which has been lain out by
the most expert landscape ancl harbour engineers will begin shortly and
its approach has already created con
siderable interest in the coast cities.
Messrs. Harrison, Gamble & Co.,
Prince Rupert, B.C., and Messrs. Hall
& Floyer, Douglas and View Streets,
Victoria, B.C, are joint directing sales
Road Superintendent's
On Monday, February ioth, the
first session of the Road Superintendents of the Province will be held
at the Pender Hall, Vancouver. On
Tuesday the members will again meet
at New Westminster and on Wednesday they will arrive in Victoria, meeting at 8 p.m. in the Alexandra Club.
Attached is the schedule prepared for
the Victoria sessions which will all
be -held in the Alexandra Club.
Wednesday, Feb. 12
8p.m.—Address: Hon. Thos. Taylor.
"The    Pacific   Highway,"   A.    E.
Todd,   Esq.,  Vice-President   Pacific   Highway   Association.     "The
Canadian Highway," W. J. Kerr,
Esq.,    President   Canadian   Highway Association.    "Alberni to Alberta," W. W. Foster, Esq.,  Deputy
Minister of Public Works.   (Illustrated stereoptican views.)
Thursday, Feb. 13
9 a.m.—Reading and Discussion, Road
Superintendents' papers.
2p.m.—Opening Address: Hon. W.
R. Ross. Addresses by J. G. C.
Wood, Esq., M.L.A., Officers of
Good Roads Associations, and visiting delegates.
8p.m.—Address: The Hon. Sir Richard McBride, K.C.M.G. "The Alpine Areas of Strathcona Park,"
W. O. Wheeler, Esq., Director of
the Alpine Club of Canada.
"Strathcona Park Development,"
R. H. Thomson, Esq., Ph. D., Chief
Engineer. (Illustrated by sterop-
ticon views.)
Friday, Feb. 14
9 a.m.—Reading and discussing Road
Superintendents' papers.
2 p.m.—Continuation of morning session.
Note.—Copies of papers for discussion will be issued prior to the Convention. Special subjects may be introduced by arrangement with the
The profession of the,landscape
gardener, like many another which
used to be regarded as a luxury, has
now grown to be almost a necessity.
No modern city is allowed to spring
up in a harum-scarum manner, but
men who have made a life study of
the art of laying out towns with an
eye to the future arc called in to advise the local authorities. Thc same
spirit now-a-days pervades the individual house-holder and men and
women are no longer content to live
in four walls ancl a hack yard but desire their surroundings to bc as attractive as possible. Having this
modern tendency in mind, the Fraser
River Valley Nurseries, Ltd., of Aldergrove, B. C. have just issued a
most attractive booklet entitled
"Landscape Gardening and What to
Plant" which is calculated to appeal
to ©very person who loves flowers
and shrubs. Thc book is profusely
illustrated ancl many designs arc
shown. The letter-press is well
written and contains plain, practical
suggestions. Any person who is intending to devote time and a little
money to the beautification of the
home during the coming spring will
do well to write to this firm ancl ask
for a copy of their pamphlet.
Rapid Creek
The    Morning   Mines   on    Rapid
Creek are to be re-opened, and Mr.
Mobbs has made all arrangements for
quick resumption of operations.
German Mountain Group
From Ainsworth it is reported that
Arthur    Wheeler,    son    of   Captain
Wheeler, of Victoria, has acquired
from 'Charlie Khun, the German
Mountain group, and that they will
be opened up soon. Mr. Wheeler is
a mining expert, and is well pleased
with conditions and prospects.
Normal School, Victoria.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed "Tender
for Normal School, Victoria," will be received
by the Honourable the Minister of Public
Works up to 12 o'clock noon of Friday, the
28th day of February, 1913, for the erection
and completion of a Normal School Building
at Victoria, B. C.
Drawings, specifications, contract, and forms
of tender may be seen at the offices of the
Government Agents at Vancouver and New
Westminster, and at the Department of Public
Works, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C.
Intending tenderers can, by applying to the
undersigned, obtain one copy of the drawings and one copy of the specifications for
the sum of fifty dollars ($50).
Each tender must be accompanied by an
accepted bank cheque or certificate of deposit
on a chartered bank of Canada, made payable
to tbe Honourable the Minister of Public
Works, for a sum equal to ten (10) per cent.
of his tender, which shall be forfeited if the
party tendering decline to enter into contract
when called upon to do so, or if he fail to
complete the work contracted for. The
cheques or certificates of deposit of unsuccessful tenderers will be returned to them
upon the execution of the contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless made
out on the forms supplied, signed with tlie
actual signature of the tenderer, and enclosed
in the envelopes furnished.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B.C., 29th January, 1913.
feb 1 feb 22
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the undersigned and endorsed "Tender for Gasolene
Dredge Tender." will be received at this office
until 12 o'clock noon on Saturday, February
16th, 1913, for the construction of a Gasolene
Dredge Tender for use in British Columbia.
Plans, specifications and form of tender may
be obtained at the office of W. Henderson,
Esq., Resident Architect, Victoria, B.C.; at the
office of C. C. Worsfold, Esq;, Resident Engineer, New Westminster, B. C., and also at
the office of the undersigned. Room 40, Post
Office Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Persons tendering are notified that tenders
will not be considered unless made on forms
supplied and signed with their actual signatures, stating their occupation and place of
residence of each member of the firm.
The Department does not bind itself to
accept the lowest or any tender.
Acting Superintendent of Dredges,
Department of Public Works,
Vancouver,   B. C.
February ist, 1913.
N.B.—Newspapers will not be paid for this
advertisement if they insert it without authority from the Department,
feb. 1 feb.8
Quinte mineral claim, situate in the Victoria
Mining  Division  of Sooke  District,   about
one-half mile southeast of East Sooke P.O.
TAKE notice that I, Henry B. Thomson,
Free Miner's Certificate No. 67823B, intend,
sixty days form the date hereof, to apply to
the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Improvements, for the purpose of obtaining a
Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action, under
section 85 must he commenced before the issue of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 14th day of January A.D., 1913.
jan 18
mar 15
SITTINGS of the Provincial Labour Commission will be held as follows:
Nanaimo—Monday, February 17th, at 8
p.m., Court-house.
Cumberland—Wednesday, February 19th, at
8 p.m.
Alberni—Monday, February 24th, at 8 p.m.
Ladysmith—Tuesday, February 25th, at 3.30
Steveston—Monday, Marcli 3rd, at 2.30 p.m.
Chilliwack—Tuesday, March 4th, at 2.30
New Westminster—Thursday, March Gth, at
n a.m., City Hull.
Vancouver—Friday, March 7th, at 10 a.m.,
Court-house. ,
The Commission is empowered to inquire
into all matters affecting the conditions of
labour in Britisli Columbia. All persons interested arc invited to attend anu give evidence.
F. R. McXAMARA, Chairman.
feb   1 feb 22
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, thc
Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1
an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Applications for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub
Agent of the district in which the righta applied fnr are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions
of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at
least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or
Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.   B.—Unauthorized   publication   of   this
advertisement will not be paid for.
sept. 21
SEALED TENDERS will be received
tbe Minister of Lands not later than nol
on the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the pil
chase of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 f-F
of timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing I
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westminsl
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B. I
nov. 30 mar|
SEALED TENDERS will be received by
the Minister of Lands not later than noon on
the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the purchase
of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 feet of
timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing on
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westminster
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B.C.
NOTICE is hereby given that the reserve
existing over Lot 1340, Range 1, Coast District, by reason of the notice published in
the British Columbia Gazette of the 27th of
December, 1907, is cancelled, ior the purpose
of permitting the Davidson-Ward Company,
Limited, to purchase the said lot.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department, Victoria, B. C,
19th December, 1912.
Notice of Application for the Approval
of Works
TAKE NOTICE that Sidney Water &
Power Co., Ltd., will apply to the Comptroller
of Water Rights for the approval of the
plans of works to be constructed for the
utilization of the water from wells on Lots
6 and 8, Pt. of Scc. ■;, R. II E., N. Saanich,
from which the applicant has applied to be
authorized to take, store, and use for Municipal purposes.
The plans and particulars required by subsection (1) of section 70 of the "Water Act"
as amended have been filed with thc Comptroller of Water Rights at Victoria and with
the Water Recorder at Victoria, B. C.
Objecti * is to the application may be filed
with the Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings,  Victoria.
Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 18th day of
January,  1913. ,
Jan. 25 feb. 15
District of Renfrew
TAKE notice that Mrs. Margaret Simpson, of Seattle, Washington, occupation Married Woman, intends tp apply for permission
to purchase the following described lands:—
Commencing at a post planted on West
boundary and about 13 chains South of
North-east corner of Lot 390; thence east
60 chains; thence north 40 chains; thence
west 80 chains, more or less, to east shore
of Nitinat Lake; thence southerly following
shore to north boundary of Lot 390; thence
east and south following boundary of Lot
390 to point of commencement; containing
about 320 acres.
Dated December oth,  1912.
William Simpson.
Jan. 11 mar. 1
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Arthur Sykes, of Hud-
dersfield, England; occupation, Woollen
Manufacturer; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted about
to chains east from  the northeast corner of
,ot 49; thence north 60 chains; thence west
80   chains;   thence   south   60   chains;   thence
east   80  chains  to  point  of  commencement;
containing 480 acres more or less.
Dated December 8,  1912.
an   11 mar 8
NOTICE is hereby given that the resell
existing on Lot 10, Group I, Kootenay Dl
trict, by reason of a notice bearing di
March 26th, 1888, and published in the B. |
Gazette under date of March 31st, 1888, L
cancelled for the purpose of offering the sj
land for sale at public auction.
Deputy Minister of Lands.]
nov. 30 mar|
District of North  Saanich
TAKE notice that Andrew  Cox, of Unil
Bay,  North  Saanich,  Sidney   P.   0.,  farml
intends to apply for permission to lease tl
following   described   foreshore:—Commencif
at a post planted at the Northeast comer £
Parcels 2, Section 11, Range 1, West;   then
Northwest   two   hundred   (200)   feet,   then
West    one    thousand    (1000)    feet,    then
Southeast   two  hundred   (200)   feet  more
iess to high water mark, and thence Easte
along high water mark to point of commen
Dated, December  16th,  1912.
dec 28 feb
District of North  Saanich
TAKE .notice  that   Day  Hort   Macdowa
of Victoria, gentleman, intends to apply I
permission  to  lease  the   following  describ
foreshore:—Commencing   at   a   post   plant
at the Northwest corner of Block 3, Secti*
n,   Range   1,   West;  thence   Northwest  t\
hundred   (200)   feet,   thence   Northeast   fi
hundred   (500)   feet,    thence   Southeast   t\
hundred   (200)   feet   more   or   less   to   hi;
water mark, and thence Southwest along hi;
water mark to point of commencement.
Dated,  December  16th,   1912.
Agt. for Day Hort Macdowall.
dec 28 feb
District of Renfrew.
TAKE   notice   that   John   A.   Stringer,
Mitcham,    Surrey;    occupation,   Governnn
Officer;   intends  to  apply  for permission
purchase   the  following    described    lands;
Commencing at a post planted at the sou
west   corner  of   Lot   580,   being   T.L.   17.'
thence   north  80 chains;   thence  west  abc
60 cliains to the southeast corner of Lot c
thence south 80 chains;* thence east 60 cha
to  point   of  commencement;   containing
acres more or less.
Dated December ioth,  1912.
jan   11 mar
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Lawrence Tompkins,
Seattle,   Wash.;   occupation,   Grocer;   inter
to apply for permission to purchase the i
lowing   described   lands:—Commencing   at
post  planted  80 chains north  and  80 cha
west from    the   southwest    corner    of   T
42601;   thence  north 80  chains;   thence
40   chains;   thence   soutii   40   cliains;   thei
east 40 chains; thence soutii 40 chains; thei
west  80  chains to  point  of  commencemei
containing 480 acres more or  less.
Dated   December  8,   1912.
jan   11 mar
District  of  Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Fred  William Webst
of Seattle; occupation,  Machinist;  intends
apply for permission to purchase  the folio
ing described lands:—Commencing at a p
planted  about 40 chains east and 20  cha
south  from  tlie northeast corner  of Lot
thence north 80 chains; thence cast 80 chaii
tiience soutli 80 chains; thence west 80 cha
to   point   of  commencement;   containing   (
acres more or less.
Dated December 8,  1912.
jan   11 mar
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that  Thomas   W.   Armita
of   Huddersfield,   England;   occupation,
countant; intends to apply for permission
purchase   tlie   following   described   lands
Commencing at a post planted on the so
boundary  of  Lot   580,   80   chains  west  fr
the   northwest  comer   of   T.L.   I7<(6;   the
south 80 chains; thence cast 80 chains; the
nortli   80  chains;   tiience  west   80  chains
point of commencement; containing 640 ac
more or jess.
Dated  December   ioth,   1912.
jan  11 mai
For a License to Take and Use Water.
NOTICE is hereliy given that Step!
Tones, of Victoria, B. C, will apply for
license to take and use ten inches of wa
out of a spring which flows in an caste
direction through Section 35 and empties ii
the Lagoon. The water will be diverted
the N. W. corner of part of Section 35, whi
is owned by mc, and will be used for domes
and irrigation purposes.
This  notice was posted  on  thc ground
the 9th day of January, 1913.
The application will bc filed in thc office
the Water Recorder at Victoria, B. C.
Objections may he filed with the said Con
troller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildin
Victoria, B. C.
Jan. 18 feb. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
Dominions and Defence
Continued from Last Issue
Unready Nations
Unready nations, as we have seen,
llapse quickly:   the   first   reverses
rtierally affect the whole   tenor   of
odern wars.   The best defence for
tores of any part of the Empire is to
:ep the enemy to his* own territory
■ force him back promptly, so that
e tribulation  and stress of war, al-
ays more terrible for the non-com-
itant inhabitants than   the   fighting
irces in an invaded territory,  shall
.11 upon his folk in preference to our
wn.   The way to achieve this is not
y using the fighting fleet as coast
efence batteries off our own ports,
ut if the fleet should fail us for a
me, self defence is the duty of every
:lf-respecting state in preference to
bject surrender and collapse,    Lord
Robert's  weighty words  have  never
een questioned or doubted by those
fho really know what war    means,
nd must carry conviction to all who
re not blind to the developments of
. orld progress, and deaf to the teach-
ngs of history. Defence of hearth and
iome is a duty to the state and the
iearing of arms in its service an honorable privilege   which    should   be
fl'adly accepted by every able-bodied
nan, and encouraged by   all   right-
ninded women. If every youth could
team, without unduly interfering with
lis civil occupations,    enough    mus-
;etry to make him a formidable foe
it any reasonable range—(not a fancy
ong-distance   pot-hunter)—and   also
Miough discipline to ensure his ready
obedience to authority, and an intelli-
jent appreciation of the value of self-
:acrifice and co-operation for the com-
iion good in time of need; if also a
iystem were evolved for their proper
)rganization and maintenance in the
ield in  emergencies, the security of
:very part of the  Empire would be
ncreased   a   thousand-fold   and   the
:ause     of     peace     proportionately
It is of the highest importance that
he methods ai defence adopted by
ach Dominion should be on similar
ines, and that their armament, am-
nunition and equipment should be, if
lossi'ble, identical in pattern, and in-
erchangeab'le. This will avoid confu-
ion and facilitate supply when it is
lecessary for forces of different Do-
ninions to co-operate in war time.
To recapitulate briefly, the scheme
if world-wide National Defence
hould comprise: (i) The Central
Representative Council to determine
lecessary combined action and set the
nadhine in motion;   (2) The Battle
leet contributed to by all, but under
entral control for universal use; (3)
?oast defence and provision of ad-
iquately defended bases by each
Dominion under local arrangements.
Then, for land operations (4) a strik-
ng force to supplement naval action
.broad when required, increased when
lecessary by addition from the local
orces of the Dominion; (5) locally
naintained* defence troops, and finally
6) Universal Military Training as
lart of a fully prepared organization
o meet invasion by a systematized
evee en masse.
Not a Partizan Affair
In looking at the Defence Ques-
ion on these broad lines, the petty
iflerences of opinion and disagree-
iients over local and party points of
lew seem to lose much of their a-
parent significance, and it can be
een how the Niagara of words and
ihrases which deafens and confuses
he onlooker is muddied and clouded
iy the fact of their emanating from
fins" or "outs". Lord Salisbury once
jecommended all who discussed ques-
[ions of foreign policy to study large
laips. The advice is equally applic-
ible n'ow. When considering Naval
Inattirs, it is not the map of Canada
re need to examine but the map of
the world, and this should be
lefore us in its entirety when de-
'ence problems are to the fore, lest
iur interest in matters of purely local
mport should distract us from the
lore dispassionate consideration of
World-wide Imperial needs.
The Political Handicap
Mr. Borden might easily have said
that the splendid contribution* of
$35*000,000 to the immediate needs of
the Imperial fleet, reserving the policy
of building up a National Canadian
local defence navy for separate consideration at an early date, was given
absolutely free from any reservations
or conditions—but he did not do so!
Sir Wilfred Laurier might willingly
and ungrudgingly have seconded the
proposed resolution for a free gift to
Britain for present needs, and declared himself ready to join with the Government in power in discussing the
best method for establishing a local
Canadian Navy Scheme, on non-party
lines, as soon as possible—but he did
not do so!
The Two Schemes
Both statesmen are presumably inspired with equal devotion to the Empire and desire that Canada shall do
her fair share in aiding in its defence;
only Mr. Borden favours the immediate strengthening of the High Sea
fleet; while Sir Wilfred, attracted no
doubt by the example of Australia,
though without realizing the difference between the needs and immediate requirements of that country and
Canada's, seems to wish to hurry on
the creation of a local fleet first, and
co-operate in the larger scheme by
means of Canadian built and manned
ships—when these are forthcoming,
at some confessedly very distant date.
Of the two Mr. Borden's seems the
more reasonable and logical course.
He has consulted the British Admiralty and it is to be presumed they have
told him what they want. When a
man says "If you really wish to make
me a present, this is what I should
like," you do not usually proceed to
force something quite diflerent upon
him. But this 'is exactly what Sir
Wilfred Laurier's proposals look like.
His aspirations in the direction of a
local navy are laudable, but the time
is not ripe for their fruition.
A Mirage Fleet
■If he could have pointed to the
'Niobe" or "Rainbow" crammed to
overflowing with Canadian enlisted
bluejackets and shown crowds of
spare recruits asking for more ships
to man, he would have been justified
in demanding the immediate development of a Canadian Navy in preference to a money contribution for
English-built sh'ips. But though Canada may look forward with zeal and
pride to the day when she can build
and maintain her own vessels, that
day needs long and* careful preparation and the fostering of a national
desire for sea service which to day
is practically non-existent.
For the moment, however politicians may wrangle and split hair:
over the precedence which the
strengthening or evolution of the
various parts of the great defence
machine shall take, the business of
our friend the "man in the street,
who by his vote must be, after all,
the final arbiter in t'he matter, is, after
a study of the whole question on the
wide lines we have recommended to
him, to decide the particular policy he
favours and means to support. Each
Dominion is working out its own
salvation as regards local defence, but
for the salvation of the Empire at
large the maxim "Unity Is Strength"
should be the watch-word of each individual state of that Empire, and no
scheme w'hich puts purely local advantages before world-wide co-operation should be convincing to anyone
of ordinary intelligence.
The Lessons of History
In giving this outline of a practical
Empire defence policy, I have carefully tried to avoid alarmist language,
pessimistic prophecies or pointed references to other nations. History has
shown that the friend of today is the
foe of tomorrow, and that alliances
are only binding so long as they are
mutually expedient to both parties.
The best insurance against danger
from without is a sound defensive
organization, and one on the lines I
have indicated would be both feasible
and businesslike. The world seems to
move more quickly with each decade, I
and the development of the next fifty
years, or less, will show whether the
self-governing realms of Greater
Britain are to be solidly welded into
the most glorious and impregnable
Empire that the world ever dreamed
of, or -whether the whole fabric is to
crumble and go down to ruin in
apathy, disunion and unpreparedness
—which may God forbid!
The old Mother Country has long
borne her share and fulfilled part of
the old watchword, "One for all"—
the federated British nations must
now fulfil the remainder, "All for
The Pacific Defenceless
Note:—The defencelessness of British territories and interests in the Pacific is particularly noticeable at the
present time. The strategic requirements for that ocean would be fleets
based on the following points: Trin-
'comalee (Indian squadron), Hong
Kong (China squadron), Esquimalt
(N. Pacific squadron) and Sydney
(Australian squadron). It will be
seen how well these stations are situated for proper mutual tactical support in war, and for meeting danger
from any quarter. For instance the
North Pacific, China and Australian
squadrons -would concentrate to meet
attack from the coast of North and
South America having the East Indian squadron.behind them as a support. Danger from the Far East
would be met by the East Indian,
China and North Pacific squadrons,
with the Australian squadron in reserve. Similarly and danger from the
direction of the Suez Canal, or round
the Cape would be opposed by the East
Indian, China and Australian squadrons, leaving the North Pacific squadron in reserve. It is in these waters
of the world that the withdrawal of
so many British ships has weakened
the balance of power and endangered
our interests and communications,
and it is in these waters that the contribution of ships by the various
states of the Empire for the immediate strengthening of the high sea
fleet will enable our safeguards to be
speedily re-established and our old influence regained.
The Week accept! no responsibility for
the views expressed by itl correspondents.
Communications will be inserted whether
signed by the real name of the writer
or a nom de plume, but the writer's
name and address must be given to the
Editor as an evidence of bona fides. In no
case will it be divulged without consent.
1928 Oak Bay Avenue,
Victoria, B.C.
To the Editor of The Week:
Sir,—From time to time one sees in
your editorial columns a disquisition
on the subject of "Woman Suffrage."
I do not think that your treatment
of this matter varies greatly, and to
take this week's issue as a sample you
say "without going into the many
questions of principle involved there
have always seemed to The Week
two unanswerable objections to Woman Suffrage. The one is based on
the supposition of equality of the
sexes which is a false assumption, and
the other is the method adopted by
militant Suffragettes on the pretext
that they want the vote."
I notice first your mention of
"many questions of principle involved." I wish that an explanation
had followed of your meaning as to
"principles involved." What principles do you refer to? I can only
think that you refer to the question
of justice which is really the only
principle involved and is the supreme
one to the womanhood of the world,
and also should be the supreme one
to any Government, which stands
condemned when the holding of a certain qualification confers the right to
vote if the holder of that qualification
be a man but withholds that vote if
the qualification is held by a woman.
Then you say that the sexes are
not "equal." I am glad that you
acknowledge this fact; they are not.
They are unequal on the wage-list
when a woman doing the same work
as a man must take a much less wage
•as, for instance, teachers, and in fact
every line of work open to men and
women, with the one exception perhaps of the acting profession. They
are unequal also on our so civilized
code of morals—brutally unequal;
then they are unequal when it comes
to the ballot-box; they are so unequal
that a woman is not even designated
a "person," but is'left amongst the
other disenfranchised, i. e., lunatics,
paupers, and minors. Oh, yes; there
is inequality enough and to spare.
And women are out to alter this inequality and they will do it.
As to militant tactics adopted by
the Suffragettes, one's attitude on this
side of the agitation is, as with everything else, largely dictated by how
much one knows of the truth of the
matter. Many people who rave against
the Suffragettes are dependent for
the knowledge of their doings from
the head-lines of newspapers, so one
can imagine their views. It is too,
just a point how much you think the
vote worth fighting for,—worth getting. It is the same thing in England, unfortunately, not because the
women wish to fight but because t'he
Government has obliged them to do
so, by its trickery and apathy on a
question upon which the women of
England are certainly seriously in
earnest about. It is true that each
unconstitutional action on the part of
the militants has been caused by
some unconstitutional action on the
part of tbe Government, as for instance, when Sir Edward Gray refused to answer a question as to the
adoption by the Government of a
measure for woman suffrage he
obliged the women to put their question out of question time, in the
midst of his remarks. Then when Mr.
Asquith refused to see any delegation
of women on the subject they simply
went all the same; he made them unconstitutional, that is all. The Government brought in a Manhood Suf-
rage Bill knowing that there was no
demand for it, but the women's claims
they ignored. Would men stand
that? No! But women are expected
to. Fortunately for the world they
do not always do what they are expected to! After all one needs to be
on the ground, to be unprejudiced, to
realize the great need for the vote
and the belief in its value to ameliorate the conditions of women and
children that the Suffragettes possess,
to understand their determination to
get the vote and to get it soon. And
remember that they should not have
to fight at all for what is* really their
right, but we have not yet passed the
days when it is necessary to wrest
from the powers that be—justice.
You remark that the Suffragettes
prove their unfitness to vote by their
militant action. Really! Then, according to this line of argument all
men have been proved unfit to vote
because their forefathers earned them
their liberty to enjoy the franchise,
yet I never heard that given as a reason why their vote should be taken
from them. What nonsense it is,
this disfavour of militancy on those
grounds, for all, liberties in the past
have been won by the militancy of
their advocates. If women have
adopted the methods men found so
successful is it for us to blame them?
Let us remember also that they have
not burned down almost a whole
town in this franchise agitation as the
men did in their's, nor gone to such
lengths as men thought then justifiable.
You also say that "Suffragettes are
not labouring under any disability
that legislation could remove." This
is news indeed!—why the very disability they are labouring under, i.e.,
disenfranchisement, can only be removed by legislation.
Then, too, you assert that the
Liberal Government has been lenient,
—far from it. The sentences meted
out to the Suffragettes have been unduly severe, as even anti-militants
have felt compelled to point out to
the authorities. These sentences have
been out of all proportion to the
offence, even when it is remembered
that it is about three times more a
crime in the eyes of the law to break
a window than to assault the honour
of a woman or child. This is not
fancy, but fact, as anyone who picks
up the nearest newspaper can verify
for themselves, for there they will see
that whilst the latter crime is visited
frequently by merely a fortnight's im
prisonment, often merely a caution, to
break a window means six months or
more, with hard labour. But of
course property is of much more
value than human life, in man-made
law. Anyone knows that who will
acknowledge the truth. Property is
much more important than are human
bodies and will be so until women are
in a position to get direct legislation
affecting themselves and their children.
The Suffragettes have not caused
any loss of life nor will they, but they
are giving their own lives;—one died
soon after release from prison and
others are giving all their strength
for the sake of "the others." It is
not mere hysteria as men who live by
catch words say, but for the welfare
of the human race that the Suffragettes are fighting for and most particularly for the women ancl children
who come* under the intense social
and economic stress of our modern
life. To men who think in terms of
political office and preferment this
may seem strange but it is none the
less true. Seattle is an instance of
the vast amount of good women can
do with the vote. Any public man
over there of the right sort will testify as to the great advantage to their
city which the vote in women's hands
has meant. They are not out for
office, not out for themselves but are
working to get better conditions for
their citizens and are getting good
legislation as a result of their direct
Enough, Mr. Editor, is it possible
that you will give thc opposition a
show, and insert at any rate some of
this letter, if the whole too greatly
encroaches on your space. Give this
question a little of the fairness you
bestow on any other subject, and we
shall all know that Victoria extends
no press-boycott to this subject.
Yours truly,
Victoria, Feb. 6,  1913.
The Editor of The Week:
Sir,—^Many years ago a wise man
cautioned the world against the
clumsy and dangerous folly of scorning a woman. But the present legislators in England have not benefitted
much by his warning. A body of
women whose greatest strength is in
their physical weakness (which they
have taken advantage of to stultify
the British Government, and make
England the laughing-stock of every
civilized country in the world) have
got-the unhappy Government firmly
fixed on a horned dilemma, from
which they are absolutely unable to
escape except by resignation, or in
yielding, by demoralizing themselves,
before violence and outrage, contrary
to the instructions of the greatest
leader the Liberal party has ever
had, and the acknowledged principles
of English law and order.
Certainly the ingenuity of those
militant women is unbounded; they
can throw open prison doors without
a touch, or by even saying "open
sesame," and walk out to resume operations upon Cabinet Ministers, policemen and letter boxes.
Having looked upon this picture let
us now look back upon that which
disgraced the early eighties. The
male "leaguers" of that time (now
legislating for England and their distracted country) did not display the
same amount of "ingenuity" in jail,
when trying to hood-wink the authorities. It took no higher flight
than some flabby resistance ' to the
"Saxons" in forcing them to put on
their trousers, which they discarded
as a protest against English tyranny
and misrule. I strongly recommend
the assumption of that article of
clothing for the approval of suffragette leaders, as their terrible foe, the
mouse, will shortly be brought into
action against them. Two small rubber bands round the ankles would
render them safe from this cowardly
device of the British Government.
During the debate on the White Slave Traffic Bill in the House of Lords, Lord Willoughby De Broke said: "I certainly favour
flogging for a first ofTencc, and I am willing
to run the risk of being flogged in mistake"—
which is about as candid a statement as was
ever made in Parliament. 10
Mr.  and   Mrs.   E.  Craddock   have
left on an extended visit to Europe.
* *   *.
Mr. C. Trevor Cross has returned
to Victoria after an extended visit to
the Old Country.
* *   *
Mr. Allen Grey, of the Bank of
Montreal staff at Vancouver, has been
spending a few weeks in Victoria.
ijc       *       *
Mr. Charles Bethune has left Vancouver for London, England, to join
his wife travelling via Japan.
* *   *
Miss Langford, from Vancouver,
was 'the guest of Colonel and Mrs.
Peters, of this city during the week.
* *   *
Mr. Thos. Mowbray, from New
Westminster, has been staying at the
Dominion Hotel,
* *   *
Mrs. Mainguy, from Chemainus, B.
C, was'a guest in town during the
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. C. G. Faulkner are
visitors to Victoria and are staying at
the Empress Hotel.
* *   *
Mrs. Alexander McDonald is in
Vancouver, the guest of Mrs. Alexander Henderson.
+   *   *
Miss Fanny Wilson of this city is
visiting in Vancouver, the guest of
Mrs. W. J. Millman.
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. Arbuthnot and Miss
Arbuthnot have left town on a trip
to Southern California.
* *   *
Mr. H. Vernon left during the week
by the North Coast Limited and the
White Star liner Oceanic for England.
* *   *
Colonel Prior, Miss Prior, Mrs. P.
. Lampman and Miss Vera Mason returned on Friday from a five weeks'
tour of Southern California.
* *   *
Miss Gladys Wake left during the
week .to join her parents in England.
Miss Wake has for some years past
been on the staff of nurses at the
Royal Jubilee Hospital.
* *   *
The engagement has recently been
announced of Miss 'Claudia Louise
Hall, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hall, to Mr. Herbert A. Brown,
son of Mr. and Mrs. P. R. Brown.
The marriage has been arranged to
take place in the fall.
* *   *
Mr. Fritz Peters, son of Mr. and
Mrs. Fred Peters, arrived in Victoria
last week and registered at the Empress Hotel. He has left for Prince
Rupert where he will visit his parents.
* *   *
Mrs. J. S. Matterson and son arrived in Victoria on Thursday last
from England. They were met in
Vancouver by Mr. Matterson and will
take up their residence in their new
home on Verrinder Avenue*.
* *   *
Mrs. R. P. Rithet, Humboldt Street,
Was hostess last week of a smart
Bridge party, assisted by her daughter, Mrs. Lawrence Genge. Among
the guests were: Mrs. F. Barnard,
Mrs. Ambery, Mrs. A. Kirk, Mrs. T.
S. Gore, Mrs. A. Jones, Mrs. N. Rant,
Mrs. H. Pearce, Mrs. Alexis Martin,
Mrs. E. V. Bodwell, Mrs. C. Spratt,
Mrs. H. Carmichael, Mrs. J. Raymur,
Mrs. C. Payne, Mrs. B, Heisterman,
M.s. Hugo Beaven, Mrs. Powell, Mrs.
Brooker, Mrs. Hume, Mrs. Geo.
Courtney, Mrs. D. Hunter, Mrs. Mon-
crieff, Mrs. R. Beaven, Mrs. Holmes
and Mr,s. Donald. Mrs. A. Kirk tvon
the first prize, while Mrs. F. Barnard
captured the second and Mrs. H. Carmichael the third.
* *   *
A very enjoyable dance was given
on last Monday evening at the Dallas
Hotel. Mrs. Geo. Courtney, Miss
Thompson and Miss England acting
as hostesses for the evening. Some of
those who attended were: Mrs. Burge,
Mr. and Mrs. Blackwood, Mrs. Raymur, Mr. and Mrs. C. Payne, Mr. and
Mrs. A. S. Gore, Mr. and Mrs. C. M.
Roberts, Mr. and Mrs. Victor Eliot,
Mrs. Chas. Gore, Miss Hickey, Mr.
and Mrs. Norman Rant, Mr. and Mrs.
H. Carmichael, Mr. and Mrs. Cane,
Mrs. Rissmuller, Mr. and Miss Sutton, Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Holmes, Miss
Holmes, Miss Lawson, Mr. and Mrs.
Robt. Wilmot, Miss Moresby,' Miss
Bowron, Miss Blackwood, Miss Newcombe, Miss Page, Miss Wilson, Mr.
and Mrs. Basil Prior, Mr. and Mrs.
Moore, Miss Rickaby, Miss Cross,
Miss Battle, Miss Mclvor,'   and the
Messrs. Chesterfield, Barton, Fortier,
Pethick, Grant, Dennison, Melton,
Taylor, Rose, Dickson, Jessop, Tun-
nard, Young, Mason and others.
* *   *
On last Monday evening the Connaught Club held its last dance before Lent, the ball-room as usual was
thronged with dancers and a merry
evening was spent by those present.
Among whom were Mrs. Stevenson,
Mrs. Nixon, Mr. and Mrs. P. de Noe
Wal'ker, Miss Bowron, the Misses
Lugrin, Mrs. Charles Wilson, Miss
Jean Kelly, Miss Phyllis Burrell, the
Misses Rant, Miss E. Floyd, Miss
Mary Boggs, Miss M. Bates, Miss
Watts, Miss Gonnason, Miss Bone,
Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay, Mr. and Mrs.
Clute, Miss N. May, Miss M. Hall,
the Misses Mesher, Miss Maclure, the
Misses Dumbleton, Miss Grace Monteith, Miss Goodwin, Miss Rochfort,
and the Messrs. Pickern, Smith, P. A.
Landry, B. Landry, Henry Rochfort,
Jack Cambie, D. C. Mason, W. B.
Monteith, Burrell, H. Boggs, Wm.
Barton, Walter Barton, Milligan,
Patrick, H. Brown, Thos. Brown,
Burdick, Hanham, White, G. Lyons,
Foley,  Stone,  F.  Hamilton,  Findlay
and* others.
* *   *
The Knights of Columbus ball, held
on last Wednesday week evening in
the Alexandra Club, proved to be one
of the most brilliant as well as successful balls of the season. The ball
was opened by His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor and Mrs. Paterson,
who entered the ball-room to the
strains of tbe National Anthem. Mrs.
Paterson wore a handsome gown of
silver blue tissue with an overdress
of net spangled with silver and pale
pink satin roses. The committee in
charge of the ball were Messrs. J. D.
O'Connell, Frank J. Sehl, A. B. Stewart, F. J. Roach, R. F. Fitzpatrick and
C; F. Moriarity, with Mr. W. H. P.
Sweeney, lecturer. Among the guests
present were: Mr. and Mrs. Frank
Sehl, the latter wearing white satin
veiled with pale blue chiffon relieved
with beautiful embroidery in pale pink
and blue and frold; Mrs. Charles Wilson, very much admired* in flamingo
coloured satin, veiled in pale gold
spangled chiffon, effectively relieved
with pale blue; Mr. and Mrs. Camsusa, the latter handsomely gowned
in mauve satin; Mr. and Mrs. C. D. |
McDonald, the latter wearing cream i
brocaded velvet; Mrs. B. J. Perry, in
yellow satin; Miss Thain, in Alice
blue spangled tulle* over satin; Mr.
and Mrs. Dillabough, the latter wear-
in"- white satin; Mrs. Fraser, Miss
Fraser, in pink satin over blue; Mrs.
W. H. Rogers, in white ninon over
pink silk, trimmed with pea pearls;
Dr. and Mrs. G. A. B. Hall, the latter
in pale pink chiffon; Mr. and Mrs. E.
P. Kay, the latter in pale blue chiffon
over white with touches of pink; Mrs.
Burge, in old rose satin with lace
tunic; _ Mrs. Keith (New Westminster), in black; Mr. and Mrs. R. E.
Burns, the latter in green satin with
jet overdress; Mrs. Schwengers, very
pretty in old rose satin veiled with
gold spangled net; Mr. and Mrs. M.
C. Sands, the latter in Copenhagen
blue satin; Miss MacDonald, in cerise
chiffon over white satin, draped with
white lace; Miss Sutton, in yellow
satin with gol'd overdress; Miss May
Kirk, very pretty in white pleated
tulle over pink; Mr. and Mr*_. Hearn,
the latter looking charming in mauve
ninon with corsage and sleeves of
palest pink; Mr. and Mrs. Rochon;
Mr. and Mrs. Minto*; Mr. and Mrs.
Wolfenden, the latter in white satin,
with tunic of green net; Mrs*. Danes,
in white; Miss McLaren, in pink pleated chiffon; Mrs. Matthews, in yellow
satin, with copper garniture; Miss
Nolte, in pale pink trimmed with rosebuds; Mrs. Ager, in cerise satin veiled
with black lace; Mr. and Mrs. R. A.
C. Grant, the latter in black lace over
satin; Mrs. Benedict Bantly, in white
chiffon over satin; Miss Conlin, in a
white chiffon over satin edged with
mink; Mr. and Mrs. J. D. O'Connell,
the latter in cerise chiffon over -white
satin; Miss Diment, in pale blue satin
veiled with lace; Mrs. M. Sweeney, in
black; Mrs. Hugh Carlson (Seattle),
in old rose satin with gold embroidery; Miss Rogers, in black ninon
trimmed with* jet; Mrs. Patton, in pink
satin tinted with black lace; Mrs, Carroll, in pink satin; Mr. and Mrs. Cud-
lip; Mrs. D. B. Melonnan, in white
satin; Mrs. Ruekhaber; Mrs. Maude
Smith; Miss Donaldson, in ashes of
roses chiffon over satin. Messrs.
Nicholls, H. J. O'Leary, M. Steele, F.
Doherty, M. Keppock, Kirkham, B. J.
Webbe, J. McDonald, M. B. Cody,
Galliher, Wickson Day, Chalk, Trendall, Tweedie, Denniston, Jamieson,
Roger, Monteith, Brown, Dr. Doherty
and many others.
What you want, the way you want it
Afternoon Tea, Dainty Luncheons,
Special Teas for parties by arrangement.    Do not forget—We always
keep on hand guaranteed
New Laid Eggs.
The TEA KETTLE   n» douglas st.
MISS M. WOOLDRIDGE, Proprietress        Opposite the Victoria Theatre
We Offer
A   first   class   stock   of
Apples,   Pears,  Cherries,
Prunes, Plums, Peaches,
Apricots and small fruits.
Also Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, decidious and evergreen, Roses, etc.
The very finest quality and best assortment grown in B. C.   Catalogue
free.     Personal   inspection   invited.     Now   is   the   time    to   order.
The Week accepts no responsibility for
the views expressed by its correspondents.
Communications will be inserted whether
signed by the real name of the writer
or a nom de plume, but the writer's
name and address must be given to the
Editor as an evidence of bona fides. In no
case will it be divulged without consent.
Inverness, Skeena River,
Jan. 25th, 1913.
Editor of The Week:
Sir,—We have been hearing a great
deal lately from different sources
about religious instruction in the public schools. It is noteworthy that the
clergy are among the number, an eloquent testimony to the inefficiency of
the ministry to do the work to which
they claim they are called by God. In
a passing thought the writer recollects that the religious instruction in
the Sunday school is taught mostly
by others who make no profession of
being specially chosen to the work,
and who ask no remuneration although they bear the heavier burden.
Not content with this the clergy are
desirous of having religious instruction in the public schools, a feature
that offers itself to question and criticism upon which the writer would
like to speak a little time.
The question naturally arises, if
religion is to be taught, what tenets
of faith shall we select? The Christians, including Protestants and Roman Catholics, of all orders and
sects, number two hundred and fifty
millions, or about one-sixth of the
world's population, and of this number few indeed agree on all the points
of doctrine, although    they    mainly
agree on the divinity of Jesus, the
immortality of the soul, and the resurrection of the body, a large number also holding the trinity of God.
Now all these points are disputed in
one way and another; they are not
demonstrable like the sides of an
equation; they lie in the realm of
faith, and all men cannot have the
same faith. Many of us are like
doubting Thomas without his privileges; we have to depend on translations of ancient manuscripts with uncertain authors and uncertain translations, some of them spurious.* We
mustn't believe the translations and
researches of the opponents of Scripture, else we shall lose our soul salvation, and so the church has held
her followers for some nineteen centuries willing or unwilling believers
of a man-made creed. But the iron
rule of the .church today is broken,
her dogmas do not frighten the people as they used to do, and men today with unlifted faces and minds declare that "beyond the known lies the
unknown—possibly the unknowable,"
and undismayed by the threats of
eternal perdition research is being
carried on by the ablest men in all
departments of human thought and
action, and the day of "man's inhumanity to man" is growing perceptibly shorter. The true spirituality,
born of the right relation of man to
man, is an evolutionary process, as
all processes of life are, and is independent of any religion that man can
feebly frame. Therefore we shall look
in vain for the church to solve the
problem of the mystery of life, with
its infinite meanings. It remains for
education, which is also evolutionary
to grapple with the every-day problems.
The framers of our school law wisely  inserted  an  article  to  the  effect
Just what you need after a hard day's
work-A refreshing cup of
Goes farthest for the money
that "No religious dogma nor creed
shall be taught," also that no clergyman should be eligible for school
trustee. May this article never be
omitted from that manual is the fervent feeling of the writer.
The ethical and aesthetical have not
been overlooked by the compilers of
the different readers, and the general
Curriculum is framed for the development of a well-balanced character.
There is no necessity for the clergy
to come to the rescue, the teaching
profession is quite adequate. If a
child errs from the line of rectitude
it cannot be imputed to the negligence
of the teachers, for as a class they
are fairly conscientious and quite as
moral as the preachers, if not more
so. It is the opinion of the writer
that the Education Department is
quite as active in the moral well-being and future status of the child as
the ministry claims to be, and that
the teacher's influence is quite as salutary to the uplift of the child.
When a subject is problematic, all
have a right to think individually, religion is pre-eminently problematic.
Why, therefore, burden the child
with a structure that will cripple him
for life? The test of anything is its
utility, what is useful in all religions
will remain, the moral truths, the disciplinary axioms, the sublime ideas,
the consciousness of a cosmic consciousness or God, and what else do
we need? Given these data all things
are possible.
The writer earnestly contends that
no child should swear allegiance to
any creed until a study of comparative theology and agnosticism has
been completed.
As one of the teaching profession
he wishes to thank the editor for the
generous contribution of space in his
paper for these ideas on a subject of
vital interest to all.
Yours truly,
For that Social, Dinner or Supper at
your home, remember that the
"Kaiserhof" makes a specialty of providing special dishes, salads, etc., on
short notice. Ladies will always find
it a help to know just where to get
something nice and quick if unexpected company drops in.
During a pause in the sermon the deacon
leaned over and whispered to the minister:
"Remember you were going to say something ahout the high cost of living."
"I haven't forgotten it," replied the minister. "I'll speak on that as soon as the collection lias been taken up."
jot 5 Cents
The luxury of a Shampoo
may be enjoyed as often as
you will at a cost of less
than 5 cents each time.
Bowes' Rosemary, Camphor
and Borax Hair Wash used
once a week will keep the hair
and scalp in perfect condition.
Cleansing and stimulating.
Per package 5c, or six for 25c.
Cyrus H. Bowes
The Old Established
Drug Store
1228 Government Street
Phones 425 and 450
Victoria Carnival
Will   you  help   the   Victoria
Carnival Week, August 4th to
9th, 1913?   Write or phone the
214 Pemberton Bldg. Phone 620
Roy's   Art   Glass   Workl   aad   Store
9IS Pandora St.,  Victoria, B. C.
Albert F. Roy
Over   thirty   years'   experience  in
Art Glau
Sole manufacturer of Steel-Cored Lead
for Churches, Schools. Public Buildings and private Dwellings. Plain and
Fancy Glass Sold. Saihes Glased hy
Contract.    Estimates   free.    Phone 394 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1913
"Sotto Voce
The Week's Rumours and
(By The Hornet)
IThat the British Columbia Courts
Ive a rooted aversion to backstairs
* *   *
That this is the second time A. J.
ley has tried the same tactics and
Reived a snub for his pains.
* *   *
That  his  methods  would be   dis-
d'itable to a New York ward boss.
* *   *
|Phat there is a good deal of curios-
as to who will be the first censor
| the "movies" in British Columbia.
* *   *
That he must at least be a man
first-class   education   and   some
[owled'ge of art.
* *   *
|That the mass meeting in the Drill
alll on the 18th inst. to hear the
Dn. G. E. Foster will establish a
bord attendance.
* *   *
That Parker Williams is by far the
leader of the Opposition in the
tal Legislature since the days of
(lief Justice of Appeal Macdonald.
That  he  has  greatly  modified  his
ne  socialistic  views  and  dwelled his natural sense of humour.
* *   *
IThat it would be a good thing for
le Government if there were half-a-
Izen men of his calibre on the Op-
Isition benches.
* *   *
|That genuine criticism is as val'u-
le  and often  more  valuable  than
Irtizan support.
I *   *   *
IThat the worst "break" the Col-
list ever made was to come out with
editorial Which is nothing but a
|_ce of special pleading for the em-
pyers the day after the Premier an-
tunced that a Commission will be
■pointed   to   enquire   into   the coal
* *   *
That as the Colonist is recognized
the Party organ, this is about the
Dst inept specimen of journalism on
cord, and may go far to discount
influence of the Commission.
the First Arrival
Spring and
Nineteen thirteen
Home ol Hobberlin Clothes
606-608 Yates St.
Tailoring Branch at 720 Yates St.
That the Colonist is wrong; there
is only one thing as extinct as the
"dado," and that is the "frieze-out."
* *   *
That there is plenty of good farming land in this Province at $25 an
acre with congenial surroundings.
* *   #
That the trouble is that land seekers
do not go to the right source for
* *   *
That it is to be hoped none of the
"raw material for soap" which was
sold in Saskatoon as butter, will reach
* *   *
That it would be interesting to
know the name of the firm which
supplied the article, but little chance
for the public to learn it.
* *   *
That such invaluable information is
invariably suppressed*.
* *   *
That like most clerics who "butt"
into politics, Bishop Mills of Ontario,
has lowered himself and his Church
in the public estimation.
* *   *
That congratulations are in order
to Mr. R. W. Perry on his election to
the honourable position of President
of the Canadian Club.
* *   *
That what the Times* does not
know about a club which shall be
nameless would fill a special edition.
* *   *
That not many papers would care
to chronicle the private doings of a
private club conducted behind closed
* *   *
That possibly the exigencies of the
situation so mournfully detailed at
the Grit smoker by Mr. Ralph Smith
account for many things.
* *   *
That under the circumstances perhaps the Times and the party it represents are more to be pitied than
That some announcements are
superfluous, as for instance that the
Colonist thoroughly enjoys those
clever cartoons in the Times—everyone knew it.
* *   *
That Mr. Rattray is quite right. It
is difficult to tell a Canadian from an
American, especially if he has been
naturalized on both sides of the line.
* *   *
That the frequent guesses about the
early retirement of Lord Strathcona
are as wide of the mark as the guesses
about his successor.
* *      ¥
That the appointment when made
will go to a man whose name has not
yet been publicly mentioned in that
* *   *
That "Hornet" can hardly agree
with the Times when it says that the
acquisition of the bag-pipe accomplishment by the Prince of Wales is
civilizing Oxford.
* *   *
That the news contained in a despatch to the Times of Thursday last*
that Sir Edward Grey is in his
eightieth year will be a surprise to
That we must rub our eyes and see
if we are awake after a Rip Van
Winkle  sleep  extending over  nearly
thirty years.
* *   *
That it is these little peculiarities
in American press despatches which
so endear the American press to the
heart of the British.
* *   *
That there is still room for improvement in the ventilation and
sanitary conditions of  some  of  our
largest stores.
* *   *
That the Liberal Party has been
feeling the  pulse  of  Canada  during
the recess.
* *   *
That obviously the result is not favourable for obstructing the Borden
Naval Policy.
That it may now be taken for
granted that the Senate will not obstruct, and there will be no election
this year.
* *   *
That having made a success (more
or less) of concerts, the Ladies' Musical is about to extend its activities.
* *   *
That Mme. Adeline Genee, the
world-renowned pirouettist, is coming
to Victoria under its auspices.
* *   *
That this will still be an experiment
in art, though Terpsichorean.
* *   *
That having regard for the susceptibilities of the dancer and the light and
airy costume worn, Manager Denham
has promised that the stage shall be
kept warm.
* *   *
That without a doubt Mme. Genee
is the cleverest classical dancer of the
* *   *
That cheque artists still seem to
flourish ire Victoria, but it is the
tradeemen's fault if they get away
with the goods.
* *   *
That anyone who takes an unmarked cheque from a stranger deserves
what he gets.
Good judges of delicatessen are the
best customers at the Kaiserhof store.
No other store in this city has quili-
ties that compare with "Kaiserhof"
qualities. "Kaiserhof" Delicatessen
and catering are in a class by themselves because they make them so.
Better buy where the good judges
tfcw Hotel
|||»pCms.P£*#r, am
will be held in the Drill Hall on Tuesday
Evening, February 18, at which
The Honourable George Eulas Foster
Minister of Trade and Commerce will deliver an address on
Sir Richard McBride, K. C. M. G.
* has also promised to speak
The Chair will be taken at 8 o'clock by Mr.  W. Blakemore, the
President of the Overseas Club
After Iheatre— SUPPER AT THE
- CAFE -
EVENING 6.30 to 12.30
The Best is None
Too Good
The Best is also the Cheapest—We
have the best in Surveyors',
Cruisers' and Hunters' High Top
Boots. They come in black and
tan and are made of the best leather
obtainable and by the best woru-
men in the land. These lines are
from such well known manufacturers as Florsheim, Slater, Copland Ryder, and Nolan, Earl,
makers    of    the    Petaluma    Boot.
Ask to see the Jefferson Boot.
W. Cathcart &
691 FORT ST.
The Union Steamship Company, Ltd. of B. C.
The Boscowitz Steamship Co., Ltd.
Sailings every Wednesday for Campbell River, Hardy Bay, Rivers
Inlet, Ocean Falls, Bella Coola.
Sailings every Saturday for Namu, Bella Bella, Skeena River,
Prince Rupert, Naas, Granby Bay, Stewart.
Phone 1925. 1003 Government Street
JAMES BUCHANAN ft CO., by Royal Appointment
Purveyors to H. M. King George the V. and the Royal Household.
Distillers of the popular
"Black & White" Scotch Whisky
Unsurpassed in Purity, Age and Flavor
AU Dealers
Gluten Products
We always carry a complete line of, as recommended
by the Medical fraternity
Kellogg's 40% Gluten Biscuits, per packet 50c
"        4Q%     "      Flour, s-lb. sack  $1.60
40%     " "   30-lb. sack  $7.75
"        40%     " "   (bulk), per lb 30c
Brusson, Gluten Bread (15 loaves), per pkt $1.50
"      Semolina      "       25
" "      Macaroni  .   .   .   .     "       50
" "      Noodles      "       25
"      Pates      "       25
H. 0. Kirkham & Co., Ltd.
741, 743 745 FORT STREET
Grocery Store Butcher Shop Liquor Store
Tels. 178,179 Tel. 2678 Tel. 2677
\7r_\\(±f_im\r_C*__   FiveCentsto0ne Dollar
V alCllLlIlCa   New fi? Dainty Designs
Don't Forget Your Sweetheart
Victoria Book & Stationery Co., Ltd.
1004 Government Street Telephone 63 12
Abolish Appeals to Privy
Abolition of the right of appeal to
the King-in-Council, or to the Privy
Council as the phrase runs in common
parlance, is now being revived in a
more intensified form; but we are
sure that many of those who agitate
for it do not comprehend the extent
to which the proposed abrogation
would affect the constitution of the
realm or of this Dominion.
The abolition would mean not only
an encroachment on the King's prerogative, but a curtailment of the individual privilege, and 'a* project so
revolutionary cannot be sanctioned
without showing imperative necessity,
or by substituting something more
appropriate and beneficial. To neither
of these have the advocates of abolition bent themselves.
The Privy Council is one of the
most ancient and cherished* of our institutions, tracing its origin back to
the Curia Regis of the Norman period
and a constant factor in developing
the constitution.
Though often blending the House
of Ld-txts. and the Privy Council were
hevervfit'sed; and as the ultimate ex-
ponenl.of the King's justice, the for-
jner, asj-the King's High Court of Parliament, to the people .of the United
Kingdom*, is practically what the
Wivy Council is to the people of
other sections of the Empire. The
difference 'is in form not in substance;
and even this- difference we owe to a
Dominion statute which, while attempting to abolish appeal.?, in toto,
Succeeded only in restoring and transmitting, to' us the cumberousness of
an antiquated system with augmented
cost and delay.
A reform simplifying the system,
and facilitating the suit would undoubtedly be advantageous, but abrogation'would bel -'only iconoclastic
wantonness, just as describing the
Privy Council1 as a foreign tribunal!
is the mere language of ignorance,
which merits only one retort': "Learn
and then lecture."
• Law is a 'science; and British jurisprudence is a conglomeration of common law, equity and legislative enactment. Tradition and precedent had
much to do with its unfolding; and
the principles of equity and common
law are still its foundations.
They are enunciated and defined in
the decisions and writings of a long
line of the most erudite jurists from
Blackstone, Coke and Lyttleton down
to our own time, and they trace their
origin, especially the maxims of
equity, back to the Roman codes, the
Institutes of Justinian and other compendia of ancient law.
Our common law always somewhat
fixed and rigid was not at all times
able to render justice, and recourse
was had to the Sovereign, who dispensed it under his Royal prerogative.
The increasing number 'and complexity of cases made it incumbent
on the Sovereign to refer them to
experts whose advice he transformed
into his own judgment. Hence arose
that incomparable body of jurisprudence known as Equity. While the
principles of Equity were being evolved, cas*es were determined on their individual and intrinsic merits apart
from previous rule; and the Lex Conscience was the only authority to
which the old* Chancellors were amenable.
Th-ey were, in many cases, more
moralists than lawyers, and dispensed
not strict law but moral justice according to the dictates of righteousness. The multiplicity and variety of
cases imparted' strength to the principles and evolved.their elasticity; but
there* was a constant antinomy between Law and Equity until one dis-
pensofy   tribunal   practically   fused
them, the principles of Equity becoming d'ominant.
These laws still prevail in Canada
except where expressly or impliedly
repealed. To fully comprehend them
the mind must have a special training, andi be possessed of both breadth
and subtlety with a metaphysician's
finesse of discriminating. All our
statutes which are construed, or at
least construable, in the light of these
laws ought to be framed with a thorough apprehension of tlieir fundamental elements.
There has been a deplorable laxity
in this respect. The partial codifications that 'have been made present an
array of statutory patchwork in which
maxims, words and phrases* that had
acquired technical and distinct meanings in the administration of British
Common Law and Equity are either
whimsically ignored, pedantically replaced* by others of supposedly similar significance, or used in a merely
literal or dictionary sense.
This is equally- observable in statutes dealing with new conditions of
our fa*st changing methods of lite and
business; and sometimes in these a
mere stockbroking, commercial or financial colloquialism is used to express a legal idea. The effect has
been confusion to the citizen, uncertainty to suitors and floods of litigation.
The uniform interpretation of our
Laws* is of the utmost moment; and
Canadians ought to be gratified at
having such a free interpretative authority as the Privy Council. The legal committee of the Privy Council
consists of a class of men to whom
we have no parallel. They are men
trained to the subtle and logical analysis- of the Law, absolutely free
from the narrowing effects of ritual
and detail, constantly employed in
expounding great principles in the
light of precedent, and thus they acquire a balance of judgment whose
poise is never affected by partiality.
They have attained eminence individually; and as a judicial entity a
pre-eminence unrivalled in the world's
Our own lawyers, able as they may
be, have had ho such advantageous
conditions of training or practice.
They have been hustled through the
mazes of ritual andi detail from their
first entry into the law office; and
while this .is conducive to smartness
it is destructive of profundity and
thoroughness, and produces inevitably
a certain superficiality which may be
designated cleverness. Very able
minds have thus been stunted.
What Canada has to do is to raise
her legal status, and let her judiciary
prove that its personnel is equal to
that of the judicial committee of the
Privy Council in recondite knowledge
of our law and in power of expounding it. Then and not till then shall
we be in a position to discuss the
question of diverting the fountain of
our justice which springing from the
throne has for centuries passed* to us,
pure and undefiled, through the medium of the Privy Council.
The British Columbia
Old Country Public School Boys',
A letter of thanks has been received
from Mrs. Griffin, the mother of Harry Griffin, whose sudden death was
reported in this paper some weeks
ago. Mrs. Griffin desires to thank
the many kind friends, including those
aboard H.M.C.S. Rainbow, who extended to her their practical sympathy in the loss of 'her son on December 25th last.
The restaurant men of San Francisco have organized for the purpose
of spreading broadcast the information that visitors to the Exposition
City in 1915 will not be over-charged.
This new organization is called the
San Francisco Restaurant Men's Association. The movement has been
organized "not only to assure that
there shall be no exorbitant prices
charged during the Exposition, but
that the cosmopolitan character of
this city's restaurants shall be more
widely known."
All Old Boys of British Publ
Schools now in Vancouver Islarl
B.C,. are requested to communica
the following information to the Se)
retaty of the Association: (1) Nan
(2) Present address; (3) Old sclid
and 'date of residence there; (4) Pi|
sent occupation.
A copy of the Constitution and
laws of the Association will be set
to every old public school boy w|
is not already a member thereof.
It is 'hoped that all may join so th
a   complete   register   of   old   publ
school boys now in Vancouver Islai|
may be obtained.
Old members who have not doJ
so are requested to notify the Secrf
tary of any change of address.
Address   to   the   Secretary,   A.
Sherwood, Box 812, Victoria, B.C.
There have been several signs of late thj
the Birmingham magistrates are going funrj
A few days ago they had to consider tl
case of George Yorke and his pig. The ef
dence was that the pig was in an emaciatl
condition; that its bones were showii
through its skin; that it was covered wl
sores; that it was so weak as to be unall
to rise; that it was so hungry that it hi
been seen eating the palings around the st|
and that it would have been so cruel to
it live that a vet. had to be called in to
it to death. "It is a serious matter," sal
the magistrates—and then fined the dcfcndal
half-a-crown and costs. This is where thp
made the mistake. Tbey should have pit
scnted him with a bag of nuts and an orana
The  Honourable  "Tim"  Sullivan,  of Tai|
many fame,  tells of a young philosopher
encountered not long ago on the street.
This lad was of diminutive size, and ca]
ricd under his arm such a load of newspapq
that the Honourable Tim was moved to pit|
"Son,"   asked  the   Tammanyite,   "don't
those papers make you tired?"
"Nope," cheerfully replied the bit of bums|
ity; "I cawn't read."
ALL mothers know that there is nothing to compare with sun and light and good fresh air to bring the roses to the little cheeks
of their toddling sons and daughters. We've got such a pretty line of baby carriages and go-carts that you will have no
trouble in getting suited. Made with the steel running gear and good, thick rubber tires, and made in a manner that is
siire to appeal to the person who is looking for style as well as stability. The go-carts come in every conceivable style; are of a
very light weight, nickel-trimmed, and will fold so that they can be put in a remarkably small space. Drop into our store today
and we will show you the best go-carts built—we'll show you every modern device for durability and comfort, and the prices are
sure to be within the reach of all.
Draperies to Enhance Home's Interior
OUR Drapery Department is completely equipped to take care of entire decorating contracts of any kind in the most approved
manner.   Fabrics of all kinds for all decorative purposes are carried in stock, and people of long experience are here to
make them up.   If you have a new home to fit up, if you want to put new fittings into the home you now occupy, or if you
want to refurnish only a single room or suite, we can be of valuable service to you.   By placing your contract with us you are
assured work of the highest character.   Let us show you why we are capable of producing superior effects.
* msk\
11*' homeMp.^\
i l


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