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BC Historical Newspapers

Week Jan 25, 1913

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Array , Telephone 3412 J. W. Weight, Manaeer
Vancouver Island
Collection Agency
m-310-311 Hliben-Bene Bide
Government Street VICTORIA, B. C.
The
A Britisli Colombia Newspaper and Review**
Pabllthad at Victoria. B. C.
HALL ftf WALKER.
Agent*
Wellington Colliery
Company'sCoal
1232 Gov't St.
Telephone 83
I Vol. X.
No.,5l.<
Tenth Year
THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25; 1913
Tenth Year•'■ •'•
One Dollar-Per Annumj
NAVAL DEFENCE
"No policy will be satisfactory to the
people of British Columbia which does
not include a substantial and prompt
contribution and THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A FLEET UNIT ON THE
PACIFIC COAST."
hoped that the Commission on Agriculture
will be able to arrive at a definite conclusion
on a matter which is of paramount importance ancl which affects the development
and prosperity of the Province more than
any other.
GRICULTURE — In   the   current
issue of The Week a very valuable
article from the pen of Frederick
feausman on Land Settlement will be found,
ll'he subject is discussed in a particularly
Intelligent manner.   Mr. Bailsman occupies
lin important position and is thoroughly
pquipped to deal with a difficult and intricate subject.   Speaking mainly on behalf of
the neighbouring State of Washington, he
shows that conditions are very similar to
those in British Columbia.   There is a large
addition to the permanent agricultural population.    The cause is the same there as
licre—land clearing is a bug-bear, and the
(-.mall capitalist is unable to grapple with
lhe problem.    Mr. Bausman's remedy is
For the Government tpborraw money on
[he security of their land, do "the clearing
themselves and sell the land with the cost
)f clearing and interest on the capital added,
tie points out that what the settlers wants
land ready for cultivation, and urges that
this has been the one factor in the rapid
(settlement of the Prairie Provinces of Ca-
lada.    The Week has always maintained
Ithat some scheme would have to be worked
Ditt for clearing land in British Columbia,
and  the   only  question   is   whether   this
should be done in the way suggested by
Ir. Bailsman, or whether the Government
Ishall lend the settler cheap money to en-
lable him fo do his own clearing at a much
■lower cost than is possible under existing
■conditions.   There is something to be said
Ifor both suggestions.   As against the Gov-
lernment scheme there is the objection that
lit might tend too much to paternalism; also
Ithat to carry out such a scheme to its legi-
Itimate conclusion by clearing sufficient land
Ito satisfy all applicants would involve an
[expenditure which the Government would
Inot be justified in contemplating.   It might
J further be argued that co-operation among
j farmers and settlers, assisted by the loan
lof   cheaper  money  through   Government
j agency, would achieve the same result and
I would leave the responsibility upon the right
I shoulders.   The choice is one which The
jWeek would hesitate to pronounce upon,
I although the balance of the argument is considerably in favour of the former, for if it
lwere possible for the Government to offer
(any considerable quantity of cleared land
[ready for cultivation there is no doubt that
(every acre of such land could readily be
disposed of.   Probably this knotty point will
[have to be decided in favour of the scheme
I which would ensure cleared land at the
f lowest price, ancl that is a matter on which
| only experts are competent to express an
opinion.   One thing, however, is clear, that
with the single exception of fruit-growing,
there is not that degree of development in
the agricultural industry which one could
wish.   It is a standing reproach that British
Columbia, with possibilities covering every
department of agriculture, should be ihv
porting practically fifteen per cent of its
requirements,of farm.produce,..,. It is. to be
MINING IN B. C—It is not necessary to do more than call attention
to the very valuable preliminary
Report of the Provincial Mineralogist
which appears on page nine of the current
issue of The Week. While the Report is
not printed in extenso in consequence of
its great length, all its salient features are
reproduced. The net result is to show that
there is an increase in the value of mineral
production in British Columbia during the
last year of nearly $10,000,000; that this
increase is practically an all-round increase
in every branch of the mining industry;
that there is an obvious revival of mining
in the Kootenay Districts; that there are
important developments in the North of the
Province which will speedily lead to the
establishment of extensive mining and
smelting operations and finally that the
standard branch of the industry, coal
mining, is, in spite of numerous drawbacks,
both flourishing and developing. Not the
least impressive portion of Mr. Robertson's
valuable Report is the comparisons which
he institutes with previous years. They
all go to show that mining was never in
as healthy a state in British Columbia as
it is to-day, and with the present price of
metals ancl the demand for coal and coke
far in excess of the supply, there is every
reason to anticipate a continuance of the
revival. - It is the,.intention:of'The Week
hereafter to devote a full page in every
issue to chronicle the most important happenings in the mining world.
and the Apostles who lived in the meridian
of time, with Joseph Smith, Brigham
Young ahd other prophets of the Dispensation of the Fulness of Time in the latter
days, are earnestly engaged in the work of
giving information and directing the preaching of the Gospel in the'spirit world." But
a few extracts do little to convey an idea
of the whole "Plan of Salvation" as laid
down in the pamphlet under review. The
Week again calls attention to this nauseous
subject and asks why men who are not
tolerated in England should be allowed to
invade the sanctity of Victoria homes with
impunity.
IN SHEEPS' CLOTHING—A reference to the Correspondence columns of
this issue of The Week will show that
the warning given in the Editorial columns
a little while ago, although unheeded by
the police, was fully justified. The letter
referred to is from a lady of status and
influence in the City and she voices a complaint which has reached The Week from
many quarters. In the absence of husbands
ancl brothers at business, the Mormon evangelists make a house to house canvass; it
is not necessary to chronicle their doings;
"by their fruits ye shall know them."
Wherever they have gone in the civilized
world, their main object has been to replenish .the harems of the Latter Day "Sinners"
at Utah, and however, cunningly they have
sought to veil their purpose, it has always
been recognized, and throughout England
they have met with that "short shrift"
which they deserve. In Canada, although
we prate very loudly of moral reform, we
are much less courageous in dealing with
contagious diseases. If, for instance, the
Moral Reform Organization of Victoria
would concentrate its energies for a little
while on the Mormon evangelists who have
been pestering the ladies of this city for
some months, they might do more good in
a week than they will accomplish in other
directions in a life-time. There is nothing
more insidious than the Mormon propaganda, which is all the more dangerous because it is presented with Uriah Heep-like
humility, ancl in the name of Religion. The
Week has been favoured with a copy of a
pamphlet which the evangelists hand out to
their prospective victims. It is entitled
"The Plan of Salvation" and a careful
perusal reveals the cloven hoof at many
points. The "sealed wife" theory is exploited prominently and we are told on page
eight th_tt,"marriagesvfor eternity are prominent features of duty that devolve upon
nian"diiri%his existence on thc earth." On
page 28 we are told "the pfttriachs ancl prophets of former days with. Peter, James
BRITISH JUSTICE CRITICIZED-
It is rather amusing to read some of
the  cable  despatches  purported  to
emanate from London, but which one can
hardly help believing were written in New
- York.   One of the most amusing of these
was reprinted in the Colonist of Thursday
and bears all the ear-marks of its class.
The funny thing is that it winds up with a
quotation said to be "from an editorial in a
leading London morning paper," but it does
not name the paper, although if the quotation were "bona fide" there could be no
reason for not doing so.   The article is a
criticism of British justice and it declares
that recent cases have led to much scathing
comment in England.   The indignation of
the writer is aroused in consequence of the
suppression of the names of certain persons
implicated in crimes, but although the article
talks very  largely,  it only  mentions two
A cases, one of which it is true has attracted
i world-wide attention.    It is the- case of
*4Williams," ^he   Eastbourne } murderer,
whose real name' is known to the police and
has been carefully suppressed by the authorities because " Williams'" father is a respected clergyman   in   Scotland   and   his
mother a confirmed invalid.   It is a knotty
point and one on which The Week would
not care to express an opinion; this much,
however, may be admitted, that if ever suppression was justifiable it is in a case of this
kind, and in any event it will take a great
deal more than the irresponsible criticisms
of American journalists to shake confidence
in the justice and wisdom of the British
authorities.   In connection with this same
"Williams"  Mr.  Reginald  McKenna,  the
Home Secretary, was called upon to deal
with a much more difficult problem than
that of suppressing names.   "Williams" had
a sweetheart whom he had got into trouble;
her confinement was clue during his incarceration ; both she and "Williams" appealed
to the Home Secretary for permission to
marry; after careful consideration Mr. McKenna  refused   permisison,   a  course   in
which he has been sustained by the balance
of public opinion, although condemned by
a respectable minority.   It may be interesting to note that he refused permission on
the ground that the child was entitled to
more consideration than the parents, and
that it would be a greater handicap to send
him through life branded as the son of a
murderer who had been executed than to
bear the stamp of illegitimacy.   It is a nice
point and one on which there might well be
a marked difference of opinion.   To have
sanctioned the marriage would have relieved
the mind of the mother and possibly of the
father;  it would have removed the brand
of illegitimacy and would have given the
child a name, but it is doubtful if all these
considerations are as weighty as the argument against it which is that to brand a
child as the son of a murderer is about as
heavy a handicap as can be imposed.    In
commenting upon the decision an eminent
authority says that there can be no question
that the Home Secretary acted wisely and
he points out that illegitimacy is by no
means the handicap which it was fifty years
ago, a conclusion which may well furnish
food for serious reflection. .,*,*..,
WEATHER STATISTICS — Just
now the subject of climatic conditions at the Meteorological Station
at Carmanah is a matter of public interest.
The Week has already published the
figures showing the average annual precipitation which is 109 inches. According
to the* British standard accepted by the
Meteorological authorities at Greenwich,
one inch of registered rainfall is equal to
one hundred tons of water to the acre.
This would give in the neighbourhood of
Carmanah ancl Clo-oose an annual precipitation of 10,900 tons to the acre. During
the summer months from May to October
the rainfall is in the neighbourhood of 24
inches, equal to 2,400 tons to the acre. The
subject of fog is one closely allied to that
of rainfall, and the records at Carmanah
show that in the two principal summer
months of July and August there were in
1910 thirty-three days of fog, aggregating
253 hours. In 1911 in the same months
thirty-two days of fog, aggregating 241
hours, and in 1912 thirty-three days of
fog, aggregating 226 hours. These figures
are furnished officially by the Department
of Marine and Fisheries.
THE B. C. E. R.—Congratulations to
the B. C. E. R. for having at last
realized that Victoria is growing.
The Week says "at last" advisedly because
the development within Victoria and on
Saanich Peninsula conclusively proves that
if the extension to Union Bay ancl the erection of an inter-urban terminal station in
Victoria had been undertaken three years
ago, the passenger traffic and freight offer-
. ing would have fully justified the expenditure. It is just three years since The Week
urged this ancl pointed out that the time
was ripe. However, better late than never.
All that is needed now is to start up the
service from Victoria to Union Bay which
was promised on the first of January. True
the rolling stock has not arrived, but it is
probably on the way. As to the terminal
station, one would like to hear of the contract being let with a time limit attached.
It is three years since the Hudson's Bay
Company first got hold of St. John's Church
site to build a departmental store and the
store, like "the castle of Spain," is still in
the air. There is no reason to suppose that
the B. C. E. R. contemplate any such delay, but the fact of the matter is that Victoria is growing so rapidly that it is difficult, if not impossible, to keep pace with
its requirements, ancl for many reasons,
some of which are legitimate, the B. C. E.
R. has been a laggard.
TURBINE STEAMERS—lt is only
a few years since a "Turbine"
steamer was a curiosity and Parsons'
great invention the talk of the world. Now
we read without a thrill that our own local
Commodore of the C. P. R. fleet. Capt.
Troup, has arranged with his Company to
place two fast turbine steamers on the Victoria-Vancouver run, that he is in England
negotiating for their construction and that
they are expected to arrive here in the summer of 1914. The Week is able to supplement this information. The steamers in
question are to be guaranteed up to a speed
of 25 knots and they will run on a three-
and-a-half hour schedule between Victoria
ancl A'ancouver. Obviously this new departure is designed to enable the C. P. R.
to compete with the C. N. R. service. By
the summer of 1914 the C. N. R. will have
a three-and-a-half hour service between the
Terminal City and the Capital. It figures
out thus: Vancouver to Steveston, half-an-
hotir. Steveston to Union Piay, two hours.
Union Bay to Victoria, three-quartets of
an hour, thus leaving fifteen minutes for
transfer at Steveston, and Union Bay.
)  |
*>
N THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
It is absurd for me to expect to be
able to write as a "Lounger" when
we have been suffering from a dose
of weather which has made the
"lounging" industry look exactly like
the proverbial thirty cents. With the
best intentions in the world 1 can
hardly sun myself at my favourite
corner, wearing an optimistic smile
and passing the time of day with all
my old cronies, when the sun p-_tsi_*ts
in hiding behind a dull bank of clouds
and the insistent rain finds a channel
between my collar and my neck in
which to ensconce itself. Far be it
from me, however, to shed my optimism with my smile. True it is that I
dislike the rain, that I hate cold
weather and detest dull days, but I
abominate snow far more, and so far.
we have been spared that infliction.
We have had an inch or so, but not
enough to count, whereas our friends
and neighbours in less favoured spots
have been measuring the fall in feet.
So we have much to be thankful for.
Then again, it is always a cheering
thought that the more rain we have
now, the less shall.we have hereafter;
and if that philosophy does not soothe
the Victorian "groucher," let us remember that in all probability, before the summer is out, we shall be
needing every spot of rain we get
now. It is hard enough in all conscience for us* to keep our bodies
clean in the summer now-a-days, let
alone our lawns green. How much
harder then would it be if the winter were a dry one! Unless the newly
elected Council proves to be of a very
different calibre from all its predecessors there is every prospect of a
"dry" summer, so it will be well for
us to luxuriate in the rain whilst we
have it.
* *   *
I wonder why it is that throughout
the ages the person most eager to effect reformation in others is so often
a hissing and a by-word in respect to
the very things for which he or she
imputes blame to those others. There
is in this city a person moderately
well-known in reform circles, though
not as well known to the public as
might be expected, who is an authority on all matters relating to hygiene,
sanitation, upbringing of children,
curfew by-laws, the observance of the
Sabbath, the devastating effects of
drink, the uplifting influence of reform busybodies and kindred subjects,
whose own backyard is a scandal in
the neighbourhood, whose house is
unpleasant to enter because of the
dirty and untidy state in which it is
kept and whose children are often to
be seen alone and unattended oii thc
streets when, according to the law,
they should be at home. Probably
this instance could be multiplied a
hundred-fold and the cream of the
joke is that in every case the unfortunate individual is always profoundly ignorant of the beam in* the eye.
However, it would be a dull and miserable old world in whicii to live if
we were all conscious of our manifest
shortcomings, but it is distinctly annoying to be told by an elderly person with dirty finger-nails to go and
wash one's face.
* *   *
I am glad to see that still another
restaurant is open and that I am assured of a good meal at a "Lounger's"
price in yet another part of the city.
It is extraordinary to notice how Victoria keeps on putting out tentacles
in every direction and the latest one
to draw me takes me to the corner of
Johnson and Blanchard Streets where
Mr. Kostenbader, who is surely well
known in Victoria as a first-class
caterer, has opened the Kaiserhof. I
have found out by experience that
wherever two or three Germans are
gathered together, there will be good
eating. I trust that this well meant
tribute to an acknowledged national
genius will not be taken in ill part,
but it is a fact. I am truly delighted,
therefore, to see that another restau
rant, run by such an acknowledged
authority in matters concerning the
table, should have been opened by
Mr. Kostenbader and I hope that his
venture will meet with that success
which I am confident it will deserve.
* *   #
I wonder why it is that most men
and almost all women take such pains
to veil the fact that they enjoy eating. For some unknown reason it
has always been the case that a delicate appetite is supposed to be a sign
of triply dyed blue blood, whilst a
nonchalant air with regard to the contents of the menu is considered "de
rigueur" in many social circles. For
some reason hitherto undiscovered it
is a social crime to look forward to
the next meal with any degree of
pleasant anticipation*, whilst to indulge
in reminiscences of those that have
passed is excusable. When all is said
and done eating aud drinking are the
two most important daily acts in our
lives. We know perfectly well that
if we do not indulge in* these pleasant
pastimes we shall soon lose the pleasure of having any bodies to feed. I
am free to confess that I enjoy a
good dinner and I never mind saying
so. Only the Rockefellers of this
world really quarrel with their food
and they wouldn't if they could help
it, but ninety-nine people out of a
hundred will glibly lie and say that
they care nothing about their food
and that they just eat to live. I remember a few weeks ago overhearing
a little conversation carried on in the
theatre during the progress of the
play. A stout lady with all the hallmarks of a healthy appetite was saying that she could hardly bring herself to look at food now-a-days. I
saw her at a restaurant next day and
her actions spoke much louder than
her words. I remember thinking that
on the whole I wasn't surprised that
she was a little bit ashamed to look
food in the face occasionally.
* *   *
The turning down of the Swimming
Bath By-law was a great disappointment to me and to many hundreds of
others. It is too bad that for so long
we have had to manage our bathing
as best we could, choosing between
the over-cold water on the shore or
the tepid, brackish water at the Gorge.
I had sincerely hoped that this was
to be remedied and I thought that
the By-law would pass by a large
majority. However, the property-
owners seemed to have different ideas
and I suppose that we have to abide
by their decision. But what an opportunity has been lost! I cannot follow the reasoning which insists on
the whole hog or no pig at all. Half
a loaf is always better than no bread
and it would have been easy to insist
on the adoption of plans which would
harmonize with future development.
However, the swimming bath is one
of those things whicii might have
been, and as these belong in the unhappy category of world events, we
shall do well to forget about it and
look  forward    to    something    more
pleasant.
* *   it-
Nothing is more indicative of the
great change which has overtaken
Victoria and her citizens than the energetic manner in whicii the Citizens'
Committee has begun to handle the
arrangements for the great Water
Carnival whicii is to take place here
next August. For once in our lives
we see the spectacle of Time being
taken by the forelock being enacted
right here in our midst. As a rule in
Victoria, Time is caught very precariously by the heel, if caught at
all, and thc hold obtained is of very
little use. With respect to the Carnival, however, the Committee has
started the good work in excellent
time and already a vast amount of
literature and other advertising matter has been sent out to the four corners of the Continent, bidding men
and  women  welcome  to thc  Capital
of British Columbia. A spirit of enthusiasm pervades the atmosphere in
the rooms of the Real Estate Exchange, whence the long campaign is
being conducted, and soon there will
sally forth a busy collecting Committee bent on the necessary business of
collecting funds. There can be no
doubt that the Carnival will prove the
best business venture that Victoria
has ever contemplated and the systematic work which is being carried
out so many months before the time
is a sure guarantee that the venture
will be crowned with success. Should
this spirit of activity pervade the city
as a whole in all other branches of
work, private as well as public, there
would soon be no room or accommodation vouchsafed a lazy and ease-
loving
Cfri
*"**<-£%*».
Business Men's Lunch 35c, including Beer, at the Kaiserhof.
Roy's   Art   Glau   Works   and   Store
915 Pandora St.,   Victoria, B. C.
Albert F. Roy
Over   thirty   yean'   eiperience   ia
Art  Glass
LEADED LIGHTS
Sole manufacturer of Steel-Cored Lead
for Churches, Schools. Public Build
ingi and private Dwellings. Plain and
Fancy Glass Sold. Sashes Glased liv
Contract.    Estimate!   free.    Phone 594
PACIFIC     COAST     HOCKEY
ASSOCIATION
Season  1913-1913
The   following   Official League
Games   will   be   played in   the
"Arena,"     Victoria,    B. C,    as
scheduled below:
Dec. 13—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Dec. 87—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Jan. g—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Jan. 17—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Jan. 31—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Feb. ii—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Feb. 21—Westminster vs. Victoria.
March 4—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Matches start at 8.30 p.m.
HOSE & BROOKS CO., LTD., VANCOUVER, Distributors for B. C.
William Teacher £# Son's
Highland Cream
The Perfect Stimulant
WW
Health giving and pleasing to the
palate — its virile strength toned
and mellowed by absolute maturity.
The true Scotch flavor conveys the
snap and tang of the heather clad hills.
H
PITHER  »  LEISER
Wholesale Agents for B. C.
Victoria        Vanctuver        Nelson
Glass and
China
Fine China Teacups and
Saucers; fine thin china
in the fashionable "Kermis" shape, very light
weight and nicely decorated in floral designs of
delicate colors. Per half
dozen    $1.50
Strong Pudding Bowl, roll
rims, strongly made
stoneware; brown outside, white inside; two
for    25c
A Four-Piece Set—prettily
decorated china sets comprising sugar bowl,
cream jug, covered butter or muffin dish and
spoon holder. Special
price    $1.00
Fine Decorated China Tea
Sets—each set consists
of 40 pieces, 12 teacups
and saucers, 2 tea plates,
2 cake plates, 1 sugar
bowl, 1 cream jug. Delightful floral designs in
pretty colors, nice light
cups, all at a special inducement price. Full sets
at  $5.50
All Our Beautiful Furs at
a Big Reduction.   On the
First Floor.
739 Yates Street
The Big
Sale
at Gordons
Still Draws
the
Crowd
Have
You Been
There ?
Table
Cloths and
Napkins
Scotch Linen Table Cloths
of splendid quality—
36x36 in.; reg. 50c now 40c
45x45 in., reg. 85c, now 65c
70x72 in., reg. $1.75, now
at $1.45
70x90 in., reg. $2.25; now
at  $1.85
Dice or striped designs.
Irish Damask Table Cloths
and Napkins at a reduction of 20 per cent.
Table Cloths, reg. prices
from $2.00 to $20.00.
Napkins, $1.50 to $8.50
per dozen. Think what
this means. For every
dollar's worth you get,
you pay but 80c.
Watch for further details
of the bargains in this
section.
A Large Variety of Prints
at wc Per Yard.   Household Staples Dept.
Telephone 1391 .THE WEEK,, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
.THE
rR{3M]
"A Modern Eve"
I On Monday and Tuesday last Mar-
li Beck presented "A Modern Eve"
tlie Victoria Theatre.   It is entitled
lhe latest Berlin operetta," but what-
fer its name, it is certainly one of
je most amusing entertainments pre-
|nted in Victoria this season. Indeed,
it were possible to eliminate one
two slightly objectionable features
lie to the exuberance of the young
s of the ballet and the high price
wearing apparel, it would not be
Dssible to  find  a  single  fault with
liis operetta.   The music is distinctly
|ood, with three or four catchy musi-
al songs; the staging, mounting and
Iressing superior to that of any opera
positively no excuse for the far from
veiled innuendos with which the
sketch abounds. Seeing that the turn
possesses no saving grace, either in
humour or acting, one can only marvel at the taste whicii allows Charles
Deland, Mary Carr & Co. to present
what is erroneously styled "a splendid
comedy," but which is in reality a
vulgar indecency, and at the management which allows them to tour the
country with it. The programme
opens with a series of impersonations
by "The Great Westin." This is not
Mr. Westin's first visit to Victoria, but
though eight years have elapsed since
his last appearance in this city, his
character studies are as fresh and wei-
■lllilll
HHBBH
»*""*' *—       __5
^^^Mliliillliilliiliii^iPiliSMi^B^iiiiiii
Mme. Adeline Gcnee, the Well-known Dancer, who will Appear at the
Victoria Theatre on Tuesday, February ifith
Hiich has been seen here for a long
tnie; the dancing first-class, and the
lomedy element supplied by Alexan-
ler Clark, as Casimir Cascadier, easily
lie best line which Victoria has seen
■ince Oscar Figman was at his best
li "Floradora." 1 must confess to
|onsiderable surprise at the inability
"A Modern Eve" to fill the Vic-
aria Theatre for two nights. As an
Intertainnient and comparing the two
lompanies, it was far ahead of the
■Quaker Girl," and I think there must
le something wrong with the press
Igency which has failed to convince
lie public of the attractions of this
lelightful operetta.
The Empress Theatre
It is often a good custom to discuss
Inpleasant things first and as there is
\n_ turn at the Empress Theatre this
veek which merits that designation it
|nay be as well to get it out of the
yay before remarking on Uie remaining items in an otherwise first-rate
[ntcrtainment.   "The Fire Escape" is
gratuitously vulgar playlet; gratuitously vulgar, because the incident of
man being surprised whilst his
ilothes are being   pressed   furnishes
come as ever and his success in portraying the great men of the past and
present is only equalled by his "piece
de resistance" in the impersonation of
the late Queen Victoria. A very pretty
and effective posing novelty is contributed by Lucille Savoy as the second item and the Manning Twins give
an excellent acrobatic dancing turn.
The evening's amusement ends with a
splendid head balancing performance
by the Patty Brothers, one of whom
closes the programme by walking
downstairs on his head.
The Majestic Theatre
An excellent railway story involving
a collision at the switch was quite
a feature at the Majestic this week
and proved to be a very apt illustration of the lengths to which moving
picture companies will go in the endeavour to provide novelties for the
public. Another feature film was of a
Biblical character and depicted* the
well-known story of the Raising of
Lazarus.
Romano's Theatre
Romano's Theatre has been offering
a first-rate selection of pictures during the current week, not the least
successful of which was a* first-class
comedy which allowed nobody to
leave the house with the semblance of
"the blues."
'liie Crystal Theatre
Nothing succeeds like success, it is
said, and certainly nothing in the moving picture line has succeeded like
the shows which have been the regular event at the Crystal Theatre during the past year. Every night is a
record-breaker in the way of crowds
and every night, too, is a star performance night. This week has been
no exception to the rule and patrons
of the Broad Street house have been
well pleased with the entertainment
offered them.
"The Confession"
Consistency and honest value is appreciated as all times and in all
things. It is the slogan which, when
practised in commercial life and in
business, always brings best results.
This rule applies to the theatre as
well, and is the logic and philosophy
that James Halleck Reid has used in
writing his play, "The Confession,'*'
which will be seen at the Victoria
Theatre on Wednesday, January 29.
Mr. Reid has used in 'his play life's
most absorbing topics and still not a
line of his manuscript would offend.
There is an uplift in his play, a great
lesson, a cause, a reason, a powerful
dramatic story.
We have so many plays recently,
that depended upon either their vulgarity, the lewd or sensational for success, that a play depending purely
upon its dramatic worth, consistency
of plot and power of purpose should
appeal to the theatre-goers and be
welcomed by them as a treat.
Mr. Reid has chosen his cast with
the greatest of care, holding back
the presentation of his masterpiece
until he could obtain just the artists
.he desired, many of 'whom, previously
to this time, were otherwise engaged.
"The Confession" enjoyed a long
and successful run at the Bijou Theatre, Broadway, New York City, and
has met with tremendous success
while en tour.
Richard   Sterling   and   Walter   Boss   in
"The Confession," at the Victoria
Theatre, January ag
  w.ifw-*.*      • *" .Mt;"'T».,?".*«r>*i».
Mme. Adeline Genee
Of Mme. Gcnee, the Danish dancer,
who is billed to appear at the Victoria
Theatre on Tuesday, February 18th,
the New York Sun of December 4th,
has the following 'to say:
"It seemed yesterday afternoon as
if Adeline Genee had at last found
the appropriate field in this city. After
dancing in highly flavoured burlesque,
Crystal Theatre
Broad Street
The Largest, Best Furnished and Most Comfortable Vaudeville and
Picture Theatre in the City.
Two Acts of Vaudeville, changing Mondays and Thursdays.   Four
Reels of First Run Pictures, changing Monday, Wednesday
and   Friday.   The   Best   Music—three-piece
Orchestra—in the City.
The biggest Fan on the Coast, removing 37,000 cubic feet of air every
five minutes, insuring you fresh and cool air.
Hours:  Pictures from 1.30 to 5.30 and 6.30 to n.oo.
Vaudeville, 3.00 to 4.00 and 7.00 to 11.00.
VICTORIA THEATRE
A Free LECTURE on
CHRISTIAN
SCIENCE
will be given at the Victoria Theatre, Friday, Jan. 31
at 8.30, by Judge Clifford P. Smith, C.S.B., under the
auspices of First Church of Christ, Scientist, Victoria
ADMISSION FREE TO ALL
in vaudeville and at Carnegie Hall,
she appeared at the Metropolitan Opera House.
"There was a great audience to
greet her and the afternoon was marked by as much enthusiasm as if some
popular tenor had returned to the
fold. We say tenor because the audience was so largely feminine that it
seems impossible any mere soprano
could have caused so much applause.
"Mme. Genee returns to New York
with no decrease in her skill or in the
dainty charm which she imparts to her
performance. Her technical facility is
still astonishing. She executes thc
most difficult feats of her art vvith
marvellous rapidity and accuracy.
There is no slurring or uncertainty.
In this respect she seems quite incomparable today.
"Her toe dancing is another superlative ability that the Danish dancer
possesses. Her final feat at the end
of "Robert le Diable," when she slowly rose until one foot was in the air
■and she was standing on the toes of
the other foot, was certainly a tour
de force of classic dancing. The lightness of her movements have not lost
any of their irresistible charm since
the first night she danced in this
country."
Harry Hoyland, Clever Comedian
Mr. Harry Hoyland, the leading
comedian with F. Stuart-Whyte's all-
star English company, "The Versa-
tiles," who return to the Victoria Theatre on February 3, 4 and 5, is a comedian of the new school. Unlike many
so-called comedians, who depend
largely upon eccentric make-up to get
their laughs, Mr. Hoyland scorns such
artifices and in his Pierrot costume
in thc first act, or his character of
the tenderfoot in the musical comedy
scene "In thc Camp-Fire's Glow,"
whicii forms the last half of the evening's entertainment, he manages to
extricate more clean comedy and
hearty laughs than could be garnered
by a whole stage full of burlesque
comedians.
The company will present a new
repertoire of musical comedy scenas
on their return here. "The Eye Glass
Club" will be the featured offering.
Victoria Theatre
Tuesday, February 18th.
ADELINE GENEE
and Company
Prices: $i.co to $3.00.
Box office opens Saturday, February
15th. Mail orders now.
Princess Theatre
Foranrir A.O.U.W. H.U
Cor. Yates & Blanchard Sts.
WEEK   COMMENCING   MONDAY
JANUARY 27
TheWilliamsStockCo.
Complete Cnange of Programme
I'ricei toe, aoc and 30c
Matinees Wednesday and Saturday
10c and 20c
Curtain, S.jn p.m. Matinees, 2.45
Reserved   beats   on   sale   at   Dean   a
Hiscock's, cor. Broad and Yates Sts.
[Impress
WEEK JANUARY 27th
Three Times  Daily—3.00 p.m.,
7.30 p.m., 9.00 p.m.
The World's Most Daring Aerialists
THE (4) LUKENS
Casting Experts
The Comical Wops
DE MICHELLE BROTHERS
Italian   Instrumentalists   in   Popular
Selections
The Clever Irish Character
Comedians
LAWRENCE & EDWARDS
Present
"The New Alderman"
Those Snappy Entertainers
ARTIE NELSON AND
MISS FLOYE
New  Songs,  Dances  and  Specialties
RICHARD BURTON
Vocalist
TWILIGHT PICTURES
Victoria Theatre
January 29th.
From a Successful Run at the Broadway Bijou Theatre, Xew York.
"The Confession"
By James Halleck Reid
A Modern Up-to-Date Play That
Startled All New York.
Delicate subject reverently treated.—N. Y.
Herald.
The  number of curtain  calls  would  have
even satisfied Tctrazinni.—X.  Y.  Sun.
Made powerful by its grinning scenes.   Well
calculated to Intensify.—N. V Commercial,
No  more  powerful   sermon   1ms  ever   been
preached from tite pulpit.—X. Y. Journal.
A Superb Cast of Metropolitan Players.   Magnificent Production.
Prices:   50c to $1.50.    Seats on  sale
January 27'th. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
The Week
A Provincial Newspaper and Review
published every Saturday by
"The Week" Publishing
Company, Limited
Published at  1208  Government  St.,
Victoria, B.C., Canada
WILLIAM BLAKEMORE, Editor
PUBLISHERS' ANNOUNCEMENT
The publishers of The Week wish
to acknowledge the many complimentary remarks which have been made
on the Special "Outlook" Edition,
which was issued last week. They
think it only fair to point out that
this edition was the work of Mr.
Charles E. Cameron, who has for the
third tir.e handled a Special Number
for The Week with marked success,
having given entire satisfaction to the
Publishers, the Advertisers and the
Reading Public.
A Tale*/
Two Cities
By Bohemian
London, A.D. 1878.
The year 1878 and the historic
period of whicii it formed the centr-e
was one of great moment. Excitement ruled world-wide; it was the
pivotal point of the Turkish War,
when for the last time the Bear and
his hordes thundered at the gates of
Constantinople. It was the time when
Disraeli and Lord Salisbury wrung
the Treaty of San Stefano from the
unwilling Balkan Provinces and it was
the period which will always be associated with the Treaty of Berlin and
its historic "Peace with Honour."
But these momentous events pale
into insignificance for the lover of Art
and the votary of Thespis; for it was
in 1878 that the "Divine Sarah," who
has just gladened the hearts of Victorians, first set foot on tbe London
stage. She did so under auspices the
most magnificent, and instantly
achieved a success which the passing
of thirty-five years has done nothihg
to cloud.
The occasion was memorable and
the events leading up to it interesting.
In those days the whole company of
the Comedie Francaise was controlled
by the French Government, whieh
■subsidized the National Theatre, their
home. By the exercise of high influence backed by Royalty, permission
was granted for the company to visit
London and to give a series of performances extending over about a
month. The Gaiety Theatre was secured, and on a night in 1878, the
exact date of whidh I cannot recall,
the first performance was given.
The' surroundings were such as
could never be forgotten by one privileged to attend. A more brilliant
house rarely greeted a performance;
every seat was occupied and the boxes
teemed witb the nobility, many of
the ladies wearing their Court jewels.
But the cynosure of all eyes was
the Royal box, which probably never
held so many illustrious personages.
Among them was the Czar of all the
Russias, Alexander II., who had come
to England to pour oil upon the troubled waters of Court life. Quite a little storm had been raging in consequence of the preposterous claim of
the Grand Duchess Marie, daughter of
the Czar, who had recently married
the Duke of Edinburgh, to precedence
over the Princess of Wales, a claim
which aroused considerable indignation among the English people and
could* never for a moment have been
seriously entertained.
It may be interesting to note, "en
passant," that, although peace was restored, the Grand Duchess withdrew
as soon as possible from Court functions, and was largely instrumental in
inducing the Duke to accept the command of the Mediterranean squadron
in order that they might reside at
Malta.
With the Czar was his -proud and
regal daughter, the Grand Duchess;
on his right the Prince and Princess
of Wales; on his left the Crown
Prince, Frederick William of Germany, and Prince and Princess Christ
tian. The Duke of Connaug'ht and
the Princess Louise were also members of the party. So large a group
of Royal personages has rarely been
seen in a theatre, and they with their
brilliantly decollated aides and attendants formed a unique and dazzling
spectacle.
It may be noted in passing that after the third act Mde. Bernhardt received a summons to the Royal box,
where she was tendered the hearty
congratulations of the party.
I am afraid that at this distance of
time and without any notes to refresh
my memory I can give but a very
feeble impression of the performance.
Indeed, it is rather an impression than
a recollection. I know that in the
company were men and women whose
names stand high on the Thespian roll
of fame.
I distinctly recall Delaunay, the
prince of actors, whose manly beauty,
charm, grace and perfect art have
never since been approached by any
actor in the line of characters whicii
he portrayed. I understand that Mons.
Tellegen, who accompanied Mde.
Bernhardt last week, caused much excitement among the impressionable
maidens of Victoria by his personal
attractions, but I can assure them that
in comparison with Mons. Delaunay
he was as a taper to a star.
I remember that Delaunay and Mlle.
Croisette played a delightful drawing-
room comedy whicii was selected as
the finest in their repertoire. Mons.
Got, whose elocution was perfect and
whose pure melodious voice still rings
in one's ears, was to the fore. Also,
Coquelin, for many years thereafter,
the "doyen" of the company and Coquelin, jr., who succeeded him.
But beyond all compare was the
"Divine Sarah," who took part in
three acts, each from a different play.
The only one I recall distinctly was
the tragic scene from "Hernani,"
where her lover lies dead upon the
stage and she rushes on in a frantic
ecstasy, only to fall upon his lifeless
form, to kiss his lips, to fondle his
hair and face with gestures which
none but a Bernhardt could ever imagine.
There is no language to describe
her acting at this period. To say that
it was dramatic, magnetic, intense,
thrilling is but to suggest the effect
which it wrought. Not since the su-
premest moments of the great Sarah
Siddons had London play-goers seen
such acting, and not even in that
greatest of tragediennes had they
seen such perfect art.
The one word which' most fully describes Mde. Bernhardt's acting at
that time is "abandon." She was
thirty-three years of age; in the full
vigour of youth. The divine ichor
flowed in her veins; she was magnetic
to her finger-tips; her every movement was the embodiment of sinuous
grace, and her voice, the sweetest, the
most melodious and the most caressing ever heard on the stage.
To say that she captured London
on that first night is but to repeat a
truism. By her magnificent performance she not only secured the unequivocal endorsement of the critics,
but she captured a place in the affections of English play-goers which
has never since been callenged.
Victoria, A.D. 1913.
After that first great appearance I
saw Mde. Bernhardt many times.
Looking over a long career and an
almost endless repertoire, I still think
that she has done nothing greater
than in "Hernani." Most of the
critics award the palm to "La Tosca,"
and she herself alone of them all, imagines that her greatest creation is
"Hamlet." But this is the favourite
delusion of more actors than one generally supposes,
Of her two performances in Victoria I only wish to comment on one,
and that one incomparable in every
respect. It is not unkind to say that
in this year of grace the scene from
"Lucretia Borgia" is hardly within the
physical compass of the distinguished
actress.
But with respect to the character of
Marguerite in "La Dame aux Cam-
elias," I doubt if she ever played it
better, and I make no doubt that no
living actress, nor indeed any actress
who  has  lived  during the past  fifty
years, could approach the performance of this exquisite woman on the
verge of her seventieth year. It is the
only character I would wish to see
Mde. Bernhardt play, because it is the
only one which accords with her present physical condition, and which she
can still play without any suggestion
of failing powers*.
Most of the audience which packed
the Victoria Theatre saw the "Divine
Sarah" for the first time. To a few
only she was a memory. They saw a
woman who has lived many lives in
one; whose restless energy has forced
her through a stream of activities
which would long ago have exhausted
the vitality even of exceptional
strength.
Off the stage she is, be it said with
the utmost respect, a feeble, old woman. On the stage, especially in
"Marguerite," one forgets everything
but the great artist, who looks the
part, who acts with a verve and intelligence, a subtlety and a keenness of
perception beyond all praise and beyond all compare.
What woman, even in the first
springtime of her youth, could make
love as "Marguerite" did last Saturday? Which of all the actresses of
today possesses one-tenth of her
charm of manner? Which of them
could convey the impression of a
great love, as she did? Which of
them could infuse into her voice one-
tenth part of the feeling with which
she charged hers, when calling for
"Armand"?
And who that witnessed it can never
forget the thrill of that moment,
when, although dying in the hands of
her doctor and her maid, she heard
the footstep of "Armand" approaching and threw herself round and into
his arms with a glad cry and a fervour only possible of portrayal by an
actress of stupendous genius?
There are farewell performances
and farewell performances. Of most
of them we tire, with* some of them
we are disgusted. Their name is "Legion" and they are labelled by the
greatest of all masters;
"Superfluous lags the veteran on the
stage."
But of Mde. Bernhardt's performance
as "Marguerite" it can only be said
that it has never been equalled except by her divine self.
And perhaps most wonderful of all,
was that marvellous voice, as clear, if
not as strong, as thirty-five years ago,
but charged with the same melody,
the same beauty, the same purity of
intonation, the same clarity, the same
penetrating power; but above all, with
the same caressing quality, which
woos in every tone, and which will
for ever be remembered as Mde.
Bernhardt's most distinctive feature.
We shall never see her again. It is
with difficulty that she will complete
her present triumphant tour. Every
stage is fraught with difficulty, and if
she reaches the end it will be a glorious climacteric to a brilliant career.
Mde. Bernhardt says that she lives
only for her art; and the statement is
literally true.
For Special Dishes, Salads, etc., for
parties of every description, try the
Kaiserhof.
THE SACRIFICE
True I have had much comfort gazing on thee,
Much, too, perhaps in thinking I might have
thee
Nearly myself, a fellow soul to live with,
But,  weighing  well  man's  frail  and perilous
tenure
Of all good in the restless wavy world,
Ne'er dare I set my soul on anything
Which   but   a   touch   of   time   can   shake   to
pieces.
Alone in thc eternal is my hope.
Took I tliee?    That intensest joy of love
Would soon grow fainter and at last dissolve.
But, if I yield thee, there is something done
Which   from   the   crumbling   earth   my   soul
divorces,
And gives it room to be a greater spirit.
There is a greater pang, mcthinks, in nature
When she takes back the life of a dead world,
Than when a new one severs from her depth
Its bright, revolving birth.    So I'll not hoard
thee,
But let thee part, t reluctant,  though   in  hope
That  greater  happiness  will   thence  arise.
—Thomas Lovell  Beddoes.
THE   QUICK   AND   THE   DEAD
This time it is the Sunday-school from
which emanates thc twentieth century distinction between the "quick and the dead."
"Yes, miss," says the young hopeful. "The
quick is them as gets out of the way of
motor-cars, and thc dead is them as doesn't."
Democracy and
Cuture
By Hector Macpherson
In his volume on "Compromise,"
Lord Morley remarks that in* this
country the political spirit is the dominant element in the national life. So
pronounced is the domination of the
political spirit that, according to
Lord Morley, a sense of intellectual
responsibility has been discouraged.
Of the truth of this there can be no
question; indeed*, the remark of Lord
Morley is* even more applicable today
than when he wrote. The extension
of State interference has lessened to
a great extent a sense of the value
of 'individual effort, and even those
associations which rest on the principle of voluntary co-operation are
disposed more and more to relax their
efforts and rely upon the State. Trade
Unionism is a case in point. It is quite
natural now, when the working
classes have political power, that they
should seek to increase their influence
by legislative methods, but is it necessary that the workers, through Trade
Unionism, should devote their energies exclusively to improving the
material position of the workers? In
making provision against sickness, the
Trade Unionist movement has done
a great service to the toiling millions;
but why stop there? Why should
each Trade Union not have .connected with it a temperance society?
Higher Ideals
The aristocracy as a class have
used their liberty too often for questionable purposes, and if Democracy
cannot lift the working classes to
higher ideals there can be little hope
for civilization. One thing is plain, Mr.
Keir Bardie's gospel of bacchanalian
licence will certainly not help to
bring in the miillenium. Of course
Mr. Keir Hardie is no advocate of
bacchanalianism. He was demanding
for the working man the same liberty
as is accorded to the aristocracy. Political reforms are good and necessary
and I have never been slow in advocating measures calculated to improve
the condition of the people; but more
important is moral reform, which is,
after all, an individual matter, and
which can be promoted much better
through the voluntary efforts of Trade
Unions than through the compulsory
methods of the State. Trade Unions
have spared no pains to secure for
the workers higher wages and shorter
hours. Is it not possible to extend
their functions further, and show the
workers how to spend their wages rationally, and how to use their leisure
to the best advantage? To those who
have the cause of Democracy at heart,
it is a great grief to find among the
rising generation of working men a
widespread tendency to spend their
wages in gambling and betting, and
wasting their hours of leisure, which
ought to be devoted to mental improvement, lin ignoble pleasures. It
will not do to assert that working
men are so hampered by their environment that mental culture is out of
the question.
Improving Their Minds
There are many notable examples
of working men who have snatched
the few hours at their disposal to cultivate their minds in an eminent degree. The career, for'instance, of Mr.
Keir Hardie shows what can be done
by a working man whose mind is animated by high ideals. I myself know
a working gardener, who, in his
scanty leisure, has learned the French
language and is now grappling with
German; I know a miner who is deep
in philosophy, and another, a quarry-
man, who can tackle the deep problems of existence as presented in the
best philosophical works of the day.
These are not solitary cases. Large
numbers of working men are earnestly trying to improve their minds; but,
alas! there are some as materialistic
and sordid in their aims as the upper
classes whom they so often condemn.
Here lis a field for Trade Unionism.
What a difference it would make if
connected with every Union there
was a literary society devoted to mental culture, a temperance society devoted to the advocacy of sobriety, and
a thrift society devoted to the study
if individual and domestic economy.
Political economy is a science of grea
value, and Trade Union leaders an
constantly appealing to it, but med
redistribution of wealth, apart iro\
its proper expenditure, will not
much to advance the real interests
the working classes. Democracy is
danger of over-estimating the value *<
politico-economic reform. As Lot)
Morley has expressed it, when ,\\
material welfare of society holds u|
disputed predominance, other arl
more Important matters fall into I
secondary place. "In this way til
members of the community miss tl
most bracing, widening and elevatf
of the whole range of influences thi
create great characters. They lol
sincere concern about the largl
questions which the human mind hi
raised up for itself." Aristocracy hi
come to grief because in a narroi
selfish spirit it pursued its own cial
interests. Democracy will* only escafl
a similar fate by possessing itself
a higher ideal—one which combing
improved material conditions, intellel
tual culture and high moral purposl
The Aeroscope
What the Ferris Wheel was to tlj
Chicago Exposition, a'nd   the    Eiffl
Tower was to the Paris Expositiol
as an advertising feature, the "AerJ
scope," a wonderful and novel contr|
vance that will raise passengers to *
elevation  of 268 feet, which is foil
feet liigher than the elevation* reache)
by the Ferris Wheel, promises to adl
to the   attractiveness   of   the    igq
World's Fair.
The "Aeroscope" consists of crari
arms 240 lc-et in length mounted on |
tower so feet high. The crane am
are made up of two parallel rivetel
trusses*.   The short arm is 40 feet lonl
and carries a counterweight to baland
the weight of the long, or 200 foq
arm, which carries the cage for pal
sengers.   The cage is double-deckej
and the operator who controls it
located in  the  centre of the  upp^
deck.
The   tower   is a structural    stel
frame work resting on a circular rad
on a concrete foundation,   This ci|
cular rack permits of the rotation
the tower about its central verticl
axis. At the top of the tower is
horizontal trunnion shaft   on   whid
the crane revolves.   The cage is suj
ported on a trunnion shaft fixed
the extreme end of the 200-foot arrj
This cage swings above and on ead
side of the trunnion shaft, always rl
maining in  an  upright  position  dtl
to the combined action of a countef
weight and parallel guide rod.
De Luxe Magazine
Last Saturday a new magazine mad
its bow before the public of Victor!
and Vancouver in the shape of tl|
"De Luxe Monthly." This is an anl
bitious society magazine boasting apl
cial  features  in   the  way of  societj
cuts and notes.    The first issue wa"
marked by a number of excellent i|
lustration's and contained pictures
some of the leading men and womd
in the Province.   The theatrical sel
tion of the new publication calls fel
the 'highest praise and it is the ail
of  thc  publishers  to  make   this  dl
partment one of very real general ii
teres! The  current number  includJ
articles on Art, by Mrs. C. Bamfylq
Daniell, Hunting and Music, and is
most effective publication, which r|
fleets the utmost credit on Mr. A.
Wakefield, who is responsible for i|
production.
BOOK NOTES
At the Victoria Book and Stationery Co., 1004 Government
St., Victoria, B.C.:
"The   Roses   of   Crein,"   by
Beryl Symons.   $1.50.
"Elizabeth   in   Retreat,"   by
Margaret Westrup.   $1.50.
"The   Net,"  by   Rex   Beach.
$1.50. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
BUILDING PERMITS
January 15 to 21
anuary 15—
W. D. Kinnard—Stanley Ave.—Alt  $  300
G. E. Handley—Oswald and Cedar Hill Rd.—Office  700
G. E. Handley—Oswald and Cedar Hill Rd.—Garage  SOO
Dr. Chas. F. Neewcombe—Dominion Road—Dwelling  3,150
T. Mathews—Grahame St.—Temp Dwelling  200
anuary 16—
H. & H. Jeeves—Second Ave—Dwelling  1,400
H. & H. Jeeves—First Ave.—Dwelling  1,800
anuary 17—
Quoin Chong—Caledonia Ave.—Store  440
B. Garrett—Beacon St.—Alt  125
John Avery—Leonard St.—Dwelling   3,500
anuary 18—
H. J. Trueman—Linden Ave.—Dwelling  3,000
Miss Ellen Ohlsen—Hillside Ave.—Dwelling  3,500
anuary 19—
Mrs. T. F. Salmon—Chapman St.—Alt  400
anuary 20—
Harvey & Cullen—Highview St.—Dwelling  600
R. J. Cullen—Howe St.—Dwelling  3,000
J. A. S. Lanks—Oscar and Fairfield—Dwelling  3,000
anuary 20—
F. G. Edwards—Coronation Rd.—Temp. Dwelling  250
Mrs. C. G. Jewel—Gladstone Ave.—Dwelling  3,000
anuary 21—
A. H. Dandridge—Oak Bay Ave.—Garage  2,500
E. O. Griffiths—Scott St.—Dwelling  1,200
McLachlan & Heron—Olive St.—Dwelling  3,500
Sir John Jackson, Ltd.—Dallas Rd.—Temp. Offices  3,500
C. Deacon & Son—Imra St.—Dwelling  2,400
Johnson Estate—Government and Yates Sts.—Alt  9,500
Peter Robinson—Hollywood Crescent—Dwelling  3,000
PULP AND PAPER SITUATION
United States Manufacturers Complain, and Canada is the Burden of Their
Sorrow—Dominion is Making Rapid Strides
The paper makers of the United States are dissatisfied with
natters generally. The past year has been reported as one of small
irofits. The outlook is thought unsatisfactory and Canada figures as
ne of the adverse factors. According to a Wall Street authority
jrices have been unsatisfactory, especially in the case of the news
jrinting industry. While prices have been maintained by some manu-
acturers, there is no disposition towards an upward tendency. It is
he statement of the industry that in all standard grades of paper
arly steps should be taken for readjustment of prices. Manufacturers
issert that the prices have been practically stationary for the past 10
ears while cost of materials and labour have increased considerably.
How This Reciprocity Works
Through the so-called reciprocity legislation the paper pulp manu-
acturers of the United States are confronted with the interpretation
if the Treasury Department of Section II. of the reciprocity act, which
s in effect to-day, in spite of the fact that Canada did not accept the
.reposition made by the United States as to reciprocal relations. The
esult of this ruling has been extremely detrimental to United States,
nanufacturers allege, and has caused large importations into the United
states of wood pulp and printing paper. These importations reached
ligh water mark in 1912, and there is no sign anywhere of their
essation. After the passage of this act, in 1911, capitalists, knowing
rom the United States tariff board's report that paper could be
nanufactured in Canada at $5.35 a ton cheaper than it could in the
Jnited Strtes, invested largely in new mills in Canada, some which
,ave just begun to operate and others will soon have their product on
he market. The desirability of the United States market has led to
.lost of the extra production being shipped to the United States, so
hat at present importations are coming in at the rate, it is said, of
25,000 tons a year.
Government and Private Wood
Under this interpretation of the act, the Canadian manufacturer
an ship his paper ancl pulp into the United States free, if he declares
hat it was manufactured from unrestricted wood, that is, wood from
ind of private ownership as distinguished from wood from govern-
nent land. ,The result is that large amounts of Canadian paper, made
rom govcnthiftit wood, is shipped into the United State's free of duty
■ecause the^maiujfacturer declares it. was made from -private'wood;
.'nder the old Payne-Aldrich tariff che'ule. the duties were assessed
.t the rate of $5.75 per ton on paper made* from restricted wood and
_,,?? on paper made from unrestricted wood. Under the ruling of the
Inked Slates treasury department these duties have heen eliminated
)ii the Invlk-nftheimportations.    When United Stalesjiajior is'shipped
.•.■■^w;-»«»,*.-,-:«at*«»'»-;*A*.*   .*'■*•>•■■'•!<Km-rZi-x-mMi-.y-!••••*■■ ■.■*-■.■.''•,•.*'.•*.■:,■■■•■   *.-**   *
Blue Printing
Maps
Draughting
Surveyors' Instruments and
Drawing   Office  Supplies
Electric Blue Print & Map
Company
214 Central Bldg., View Street
Phone 1534        Victoria, B. C.
Royal Bank Chambers
Vuftoria, B. C.
Thomas Hooper
Architect
522 Winch Building
Vancouver, B. C.
We are Joint Owners
and Sole Agents of
Fort George Townsite
on the Main Line of the G. T. P.
Transcontinental and the Northern
Terminus o. the Pacific and Great
Eastern Railway.
Also on the line of all Railroads
building or projected through Central
B. C. and the Peace River District.
And at the Junction of over One
Thousand Miles of Navigable Waterways.
FORT QEORGE is the Natural
' Gateway to the Peace River District,
being closer to the very heart of the
Peace River Country than is Edmonton.
FORT GEORGE will be the wholesale supply point, the manufacturing
and railroad centre for the Great Inland Empire of Central and Northern
B.C., and the Peace River District alone
contains over One Hundred Million
Acres of rich agricultural, mineral,
timber and coal lands.
There will be some cities and many
towns and villages in this vast rich
territory, but large or small they must
all pay tribute to
FORT GEORGE
which fact will be apparent to all who
investigate intelligently. Many fortunes will be made in business and
investments by those who write or call
today. For special prices on inside
business lots, maps, plans, photos, etc.,
see
Natural Resources
Security Co., Ltd
Paid-up   Capital  $250,000
624  VANCOUVER   BLOCK
VANCOUVER, B. C.
"Che
Taylor Mill Co.
Limited
All kinds of Building Material
Lumber   .'   Sash   .'   Dooi
Telephone 564
North Government Street, Victoria
Mrs. D. B. McLaren
Teacher of Singing and . ,
Voice Production '    " .'.
Terms on Application    I'hone X2308
P. O. Bex 449
-IU.U.L!...   ■
Fire Insurance, Employers'
Liability & Contractors'
Bonds Written
See us about Real Estate
Investments
Green & Burdick Bros.
Limited
Cor. Broughton and Langley Streets
Telephone 4169
Telephone 4170
Cordova Bay
District
_
15 Acre Snap
This land is situated on the crest of the hill between the crest of
the hill between Elk Lake ancl Cordova Bay and close to where the
C. N. R. will pass.
Half this acreage is almost ready for the plow, only a few stumps
remaining. The other half is covered with beautiful evergreens about
12 or 15 feet high.
A splendid view is afforded from this point of Elk Lake and the
Sooke Hills in the distance and, on the other side, of Cordova Bay,
the Isiands in the Gulf, all passing boats en route to Vancouver and
northern ports and Mount Baker beyond the Gulf.
City Lots in the adjoining comer section sold at $250 each.
We can deliver this at only $JOO per Acre
PEMBERTON & SON
CORNER PORT AND BROAD STREETS
A. W. Bridgman
Real Estate, Financial and Insurance Agent
Conveyancer and Notary Public
Established 1858
Agent
Commercial  Union  Assurance  Co.,  Ltd.
of London, England
Canada Accident Insurance Company
Imperial Underwriters' Corporation
Northern  Counties  Investment  Trust,  Limited
of Bradford, England.
1007 Government Street
Victoria, B. C.
Ch»». Hayward
President
Reginald Hayward
■   Sec'y-Treai.
F. Caselton
Manager
The B. C. Funeral Co.
(Successors to Charles Hayward)
Late of 1016 Government Street, have removed to iheir new building,    \
734 Broughton Street, above Douglas.
Phones ..__,   3*136,   3337.   "3*>.
Established 1667     '
*—'—* -■ — -   '•■■"■ *r   1 min urt THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
into Canada the Dominion Government levies a duty of $6 a ton, while
75% of the paper imported into the United States from Canada comes
in duty free.
The attitude of the United States Government lias led foreign
governments to claim, under their favoured*-nation treaties, the same
privileges accorded Canada. The United States general appraisers
have held that the favoured-nation clause is not binding. If the Customs Court should reverse this decision, the manufacturers of the
United States believe that the paper market there would be flooded
with a surplus production o fall foreign countries. During the latter
part of November a suit was instituted to test the constitutionality of
this interpretation in the Board of United States General Appraisers
by the Cliff Paper Company, of Niagara Falls. At present the paper
market in the United States is receiving large quantities of paper and
pulp from Sweden, Norway and Germany. The foreign manufacturers
are paying duties on these importations under protest and are waiting
the outcome of this test suit. It is estimated that should the Government lose the wood pulp case it would have to refund, to the importers,
a sum well over $3,500,000.
Canada Is Making Strides
Canada has certainly made strides during the past year or so in
paper manufacturing. Mr. E. B. Biggar, of Toronto, a Toronto pulp
and paper authority, says that Canada's growth of the two industries
has exceeded that of any single nation in the world since wood became
a raw material for paper making. A remarkable feature of this development has been the number and capacity of the new mills devoted
to news-print, these mills representing the last word in mill designing,
in capacity of paper machines and in rapidity of production. The
following is a list of these news-print paper mills:—
Daily Capacity in
tons of paper
Powell River Company, B. C  200
Spanish River Pulp and Paper Mills, Ontario  155
Ontario Pulp and Paper Co., Sturgeon Falls, Ont  45
Sault St. Marie Mill, Ontario  200
International Falls Mill, Fort Frances, Ont  100
Ontario Paper Company, Thorold   120
Price Brothers and Company, Jonqu-eires, Que  150
Edwin Crabtree and Sons, Quebec  .20
Smaller new mills and additions to old mills, say  170
1,200
Thus there has been an increase of 1,200 tons per day in newsprint. It is not strictly correct to say that this is the work of a calendar
year, for some of these new mills were started in the latter part of
1911, while two of them are not yet finished and will not be in operation
till the middle of 1913, but the increase which can be credited to 1912
will still be about a thousand tons per day.
Other Mills to Obtain Concessions
Mr. John Norris, chairman of the committee on paper of the
American Publishers' Association, says that the action of removing
the restriction upon the exportation of pulpwood from the Crown lands
of four large mills, viz.: Laurentide, Belgo-Canadian, Price Brothers
and Company, and Wayagamac, insures the admission into the United
States free of import duty of all the products of those mills, which
have a producing capacity of 480 tons per day of news print and 50
tons per day of kraft paper.
"It is inevitable," he says, "that the other and smaller mills in that
province will obtain a similar concession when they ask for it and tliat
the newsprint paper mills in Ontario will be forced by competition to
obtain equal concessions from that province. British Columbia
removed its restrictions last summer for the Powell River Mill.
"The action of the provincial governments is calculated to stimulate
new production in Canada to supply the large and increasing market in
the United States. The high duty which the United States has
imposed on news-print paper made from Crown land wood, viz., $5.75
per ton, put a premium of $2 per cord on freehold wood in Quebec
and placed a corresponding burden on the paper makers in Northern
New York for all the wood they brought from Quebec.
Abolition of Import Duties
"The abolition of import duties on the products of Crown lands
removes the competition of the Canadian mills for wood from Canadian
freehold lands. The action of the Provincial Council- is a distinct
advance toward a healthier condition of the paper industry, helpful to
Canadian producers, and helpful to American paper makers who have
been forced to pay the cost of the retaliatory methods of both governments. It is a substantial beginning toward the sweeping away of
every restriction upon the interchange of wood and pulp and paper on
both sides of the border."
The United States and Canada international paper situation is
therefore decidedly interesting.
Mr. William Price, of Price Brothers, paper manufacturers, believes that the latest action of Sir Lorner Gouin in removing the
embargo on paper cut from Crown lands will mean an increase of
$1,000,000 per year to the manufacturers of Quebec Province. "In
adopting this policy," Mr. Price stated, "the provincial Government
has followed in the steps of the McBride Administration."—Monetary
Times.
BANCROFT'S
Famous
Choeolates
Just like mother used
to make only
better
The Palace of Sweets
747 Fort Street
Victoria, B.C.
MINERAL ACT.
NOTICE -
Quinte mineral claim, situate in the Victorial
Mining   Division   of   Sooke   District,   aboutl
one-half mile southeast of East Sooke P.O.f
TAKE notice  that  I,  Henry  B.  Thomson,]
Free  Miner's  Certificate  No.   67823ft,  intend!
sixty days form the date hereof, to apply tol
the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Im-I
provements,  for  the  purpose  of  obtaining  al
Crown Grant of the above claim. I
And further take notice that action, underl
section 85 must be commenced before the is-j
sue of such Certificate of Improvements.        I
Dated this 14th day of January A.D., 1913.I
H.   B.   THOMSON.
jan 18 mar is|
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT
District of Renfrew
TAKE   notice   that   Mrs.   Margaret   Simp-I
son, of Seattle, Washington, occupation Mar-1
ried Woman, intends to apply for permission!
to purchase the following described lands:—T
Commencing   at   a   post   planted   on   WestJ
boundary   and   about    13   chains   South   ofl
North-east  corner  of  Lot  390;    thence   east
60   chains;   thence   north   40   chains;   thenct
west  80  chains,  more  or  less,  to  east  short
of Nitinat Lake;   thence southerly  following
shore to north boundary of Lot 390; thence
east   and   south   following   boundary   of   Lot
390  to point of commencement;   containing
about 320 acres.
Dated  December  oth,   1912.
MRS. MARGARET SIMPSON.
William Simpson.
Jan. 11 mar. 1
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT.
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Arthur Sykes, of Hud
dersfield, England; occupation, Woollen
Manufacturer; intends to apply for permission to purchase the following describe(
lands:—Commencing at a post planted about
40 chains east from the northeast corner 0
Lot 49; thence north 60 chains; thence wes
80 chains; thence south 60 chains; thenct
east 80 chains to point of commencement
containing 480 acres more or less.
Dated December 8,  1912.
ARTHUR  SYKES,
Applicant.
STANLEY WOOD,
Agent.
125 H. P. IN MOTORS ON WOODWORKING FACTORY
300
Per Cent.
increase in our
Power Business
for the Year
ending December 21st, 1912
The Reason
Why?
We save our
Customers
Money.
Let us figure on
your requirements for power
Our Rates are
Low—Our Service is Good.
30 H. P. MOTOR ON PRESSES
as H. P.- MOTOR ON SAND AND GRAVEL ELEVATOR
a H. P. MOTOR ON SUBURBAN WATER PLANT
B. C. Electric Railway Company, Ltd.
Light and Power Department Telephone 1609 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
Life in Little
A Consultation by Alan Raleigh
I was the latest product of scientific medicine and she my first patient,
so I entered the consulting-room
bristling with up-to-date science,
eager to diagnose, prognose and treat
her case purely as a piece of clinical
material.
I surveyed her critically, She was
past middle age; her dress was
shabby, her face puffy, her eye watery.
She watched me in silence. Obviously she needed a thorough overhauling.
"What name is it?" I enquired.
"Baker, sir. My 'usband's Tom
Baker at the builder's, he's my second; my first was Tomkins— in the
'public' line— and a good 'usband
till he took to drink—my name was
Cooper before I married 'im—Maria
Cooper—my father married twice and
his second wife "
I thought it time to interrupt.
"Shall we say Baker for the name,
then?"
"Yes, it's Baker now and will be
unless my 'usband falls off one of
them 'igh scaffold poles 'e 'as to go
up and the Insurance "
"What address, Mrs Baker?" "I
inquired.
"The Buildings, sir, L Block, and
my boy's always telling me the eighty
stairs I 'as to climb twice a day does
me no good—that's Bill, you know,
a good lad he is, works at the fried
fish shop and alius brings his money
home "
I put my pen down. "What's the
matter with you, Mrs Baker?" I
asked with some directness.
"Well, it's like this, doctor; directly I sees your plate up and 'ow
your name was Dr. Jones, I said to
my sister Lizer, 'Isn't that a coinsid-
ence, why it might have been my
Jim.' 'Garn,' she says quite rude like,
'you're still a-thinking of that silly
chap as killed himself with spirits of
salt thinking it was whisky.' 'Don't
talk disrespectingly of the poor fellow,' I says, 'he might have been a
doctor hisself by now;' handy man
he was; used to wash the bottles and
take the medicine round, and when
he come to Mrs Jabbers, where I was,
he alius used to "
"What do you complain of now,
Mrs. Baker?"
She stopped a moment to wipe
away a tear over the departed bottle-
washer. Then she resumed. "That's
wot I'm coming to when you interrupts—begging your pardon, sir—
directly I sees your name was Jones
I says to Lizer, that's going to be
my doctor, in memory of Jim, sir—
j I've always been to Dr. Smart before, but lor', 'e's no doctor; don't
| let you get 'arf a word in, but jest
claps you in a chair and makes you
put your tongue out all the while he's
making up medicine as fast as he can
go and never remembers to tell you
to put it back again—why, I've walked away with it still sticking out.
I don't call that being a doctor. I
['old as 'ow a doctor ought to 'ear
I what's the matter before 'e "
"Yes, Mrs. Baker, and what is the
|matter with you now?"
"That's what I 'opes you'll tell me,
■sir, but "
A sudden inspiration seized me.
|"Is it your heart that troubles you,
|Mrs. Baker?"
Lor, doctor! how clever you was.
I'Course it is. Doctor Smart says it's
lthe stummick, as if I didn't know
■best! Now I thought you was a real
•doctor and I says to Lizer when I
[sees your plate go up, 'Lizer, I be-
llieve that doctor that's got the same
Iname as poor Jim'll be able to cure
Imy 'art.' I wants you to see if it's
lorlright first, 'cos I 'olds that a doc-
Itor ought to see what's wrong. Now
[I lives very plain and keeps myself,
fbut when I have a bit of cold fried
[fish and a few taters and a drop of
[gin for supper I can't hardly breathe,
land my pore 'art goes off like a steam
lingin and I feels nearly ready to bust,
land then I 'as to 'ave a drop of gin
land peppermint, sir, 'cos my nerves
Iget something shockin' anl I 'as them
[windy   spasms   take   me   something
frightful, that I often says to Lizer—
my sister, sir, two years younger than
me though people do say as how she
looks ever so much older "
"Let me feel your pulse, Mre. Baker." I was getting desperate, and all
pretence of taking down the case had
gone.
She held out her hand under protest. "I alius says as 'ow a doctor
ought to know how one feels, else
'ow can he tell what's the matter with
you? And when I went to live in the
Buildings — not that I 'old with
Buildings at all, sir, and alius keeps
myself to myself— some of the people thought I was a wash-woman—
me! A common wash-woman—when
my daughter 'Melia, the one that lives
out Barking way—why, she's got
twenty-nine cows and fowls as lays
eggs and three pigs—no wash-woman
for me, thank'ee, says I "
The outflow temporarily ceased
whilst I made some pretence of counting her pulse, but she was only drawing in a fresh supply of breath for a
further outbreak.
It came.
"I don't know whether you 'olds
with gin and peppermint for windy
spasms, sir?"
She interrogated me with a watery
eye and paused for a second—but not
being prepared with a prompt answer
she got in again.
"Dr. Smart don't 'old with it.
That's why I give him up."
I was glad I had not spoken.
"Lizer's baby 'ad the innard convulsions and I give the mite a drop
or two—brought it round something
wonderful it did—and Dr. Smart 'e
said as 'ow I 'ad no business to give it
to babies. Telling me, sir, when I've
'ad thirteen myself— that's counting
three in the churchyard and one blind
cos it was born in the strawberry season and 'ad a birthmark over both
eyes through buying ice cream of an
Eye-talian chap 'as 'ad a strawberry
mark on his nose—and 'im never 'ad
a blessed baby in all his life and not
married neither. I call it outragious
for the likes of'im to be telling me I
didn't know 'ow to bring up babies.
Why, my 'Melia that's got twenty
cows—she knows better 'an 'im.—
There! that's 'ow it goes—doctor-
jest there—feel it."
She grasped my hand and placed it
somewhere near where the heart is
supposed to be.
I took a stethoscope and listened
through all Mrs. Baker's clothes. If
I had stripped her the history of each
garment might have taken some time
to relate. The stethoscope stopped
her for a few moments, but directly
she got over the shock of it she started again.
"I know'd as 'ow you was married
and 'ad babies directly I sets eyes on
you—bless you, I can alius tell; and I
told 'Melia that 'my' doctor was married—I alius calls you 'my' doctor in
the Buildings 'cos I've got so used
to talking to people about you that
I've got the 'abit like I feels I couldn't abide a single man a-messing me
about at my time of life."
A half-smothered burst of laughter
came from the adjoining room, and
I noticed that the dooT which I
thought I had closed was about an
inch ajar, and I knew that Mrs. Baker
had an audience that could indulge its
appreciation audibly. I glanced at
the clock: I had endured twenty minutes of Mrs. Baker and she looked
good for hours.
At that moment the inspiration of
my life came to me and I seized it.
,I shed my science, and only put it on
now for emergencies. "Mrs. Baker,"
I said impressively, "your case has interested me profoundly; it is, as I
may say, unique."
She was instantly quiet. I paused
for a moment.
"Being so very unusual, I can quite
understand Dr. Smart being just a
little in error over it Unusual cases
demand unusual experience and treatment."
Another slight pause.    Mrs.  Baker
was in the seventh heaven of delight.
"Now with regard to your distressing symptoms, those referring to the
heart—which  I may say is the very
'crux' of your case, Mrs.  Baker "
Her face was a study in devotional
ecstasy.    I  resumed:
"This heart lesion"—here her face
assumed   a    look   of   awe—"is   not
dangerous." She gave a gasp at the
word dangerous, and I hurriedly repeated "not dangerous; tho'ugh to regard it as trivial would be equally culpable."
"Lor,' sir, didn't I say so to Lizer?"
escaped her lips, but 1 raised my hand
deprecatingly and checked any further escape.
"All your symptoms — so cleverly
described in a few graphic words,*
Mrs. Baker—are only a reflex—I repeat, a reflex of an organ that is a
little lame."
Another gasp. "Not the stomach,
Mrs. Baker—though some doctors
might put your troubles down to that;
they would be wrong—very wrong
indeed; it is your heart that needs
a little assistance. That domestic
remedy which I think you said you
used occasionally—gin and peppermint—an excellent concoction under
advice—I believe you said gave you
relief at times?"
"It do!" said Mrs. Baker emphatically.
"Ah! you must beware of of it—
it is insidious, you must never use it
without consulting me first. You
have no occasion to fear, Mrs. Baker
—only place your very interesting
heart in my hands and I can always
control it."
"Just wot I said to Lizer," said
Mrs. Baker.   Again I raised my hand.
"Now with regard to diet." (Strained attention on Mrs. Baker's part.)
"You need make little change in your
diet chart; the simple suppers seem
to have done you little harm: they
may have even made you look younger than your sister Elizabeth. Continue your simple mode of life—avoid
the society of your neighbors whose
position is not quite your own.
. "And now ," I added, rising, "I will
proceed to get you the medicine that
will give you immediate relief. Wait
one moment, Mrs. Baker."
I went out, leaving her intoxicated.
My wife, with her handkerchief stuffed into her mouth, was just outside.
She is also my dispenser.
"What shall it be?" she inquired.
"A.D.T.?"   (Any dashed thing.)
"Yes, with a strong flavor of peppermint. Mrs. Baker has great faith in
that essence."
I returned with the medicine after
a suitable delay, annexed a fee wdiich
Mrs. Baker said she wished was more,
and ushered her out.
Mrs. Baker has remained in my
flock ever since, and her recommenda*-
tion is worth a considerable sum to
me.
'Moral—The stomach is almost a
disreputable organ, but the heart is
always interesting —and there are
many Mrs. Bakers.
How to Solve the Problem of Land
Settlement
By Frederick Bausman
The clearing of the logged-off lands
and the making of these lands available to the settler at prices and upon
terms which will permit of profitable
agriculture, is advocated by Frederick
Bausman, of Bausman & Kelleher, in
an open letter addressed to the people
of Washington. Mr. Bausman proposes that the Legislature should
authorize the borrowing of $20,000,000
to be devoted to the acquisition and
clearing of logged-off lands. He suggests that these lands, when cleared,
be sold to settlers upon a twenty-year
purchase contract, with a low interest
charge.
Mr. Bausman calls attention to the
fact that the agricultural industry has
made practically no advance in many
years 111 this state, and declares that
the state cannot develop and become
prosperous unless the vast areas of
untilled land are brought under the
plow. Mr. Bailsman's letter follows:
Mr. BausTan's Proposition
This state is at a standstill. Is it
to remain so?
Hear the truth. In its most populous county, King, out of 427,500 acres
of unimproved (not timbered) lands,
only 2,300 acres were, in the fiscal
year 1011-12, converted to "improved."
Only about three-quarters of 1 per
cent, in a year! Think of it! And
"improved" means in most instances,
alas! only a little fencing, the pulling of a few stumps, the erection of
a shack, or the tilling of a garden.
In Chehalis county the "improved"
increased about iy_\ per cent., in Snohomish less than 1 per cent., in Pierce
about 1 per cent., in Skagit about 1
per cent. The average of all west of
the mountains is under 2 per cent.!
Official statistics establish this sorry
truth.
Million Have Gone to Canada
"Dull times in the East have prevented immigration." Nonsense! A
million Americans have been transferring themselves to Canada. They
would have preferred to come to our
mild climate, under their own flag.
But we had nothing to offer except
the arid lands or stump lands. Both
require capital ancl years of patience.
Advertise more outside? Absurd!
Why advertise? You lack what merchants call the goods to deliver. The
immigrants need a ready soil. You
have advertised in vain. Did we not
three years ago, in the Seattle exposition, an admirably conducted one,
advertise to perfection the resources
of this state? How much immigration
since?
This state must act at once.
What Will Immigrants Do?
Immigrants in great numbers will
offer themselves with the opening of
the Panama canal.   They will seldom
possess $100 to the family. They will
look at our lands, write home discouraging reports, and move on.
Something must be done.
Milk cows increased in this state
only 3 per cent, in the last fiscal year.
Stock cattle gained scarcely a thousand head in the same period. It is
not pleasant, but it is necessary to
tell these truths.
Now, what is to be done?
Subject to taxation in this state is
property assessed at $1,000,000,000.
The state owes nothing. What would
a wise man do if he had a vast estate
unincumbered*, and yet was desperate
for improvements? Would lie not
borrow? This state should borrow
at once $20,000,000, only one-fiftieth
of its appraised wealth. It should be
distributed over Eastern and Western
Washington in the development of
lands for colonization.
Interest at 4 Per Cent.
The state can borrow on twenty-
year bonds at not above 4 per cent.
It should then first begin the clearing
and sale of its public lands, and, second (because its public lands are not
always in locality, area, or soil, the
best for agriculture or economical
clearing), it should purchase logged-
off lands (the maximum price to be
fixed by law) from private owners
when advantageously situated, clear
them and sell to settlers on twenty
payments, at a small advance, say, 5
per cent, on the cost, with interest at
about l/_ per cent, above the rate on
its bonds.
Aside from the prosperity which
would follow the use of this money
now, the state would never lose a dollar. This is a bond issue that would
create values. We would be enriched
by thousands of farmers and by an
enormous increase in improved lands.
The state can clear these lands at
vastly less cost than private companies. It can give periods of payment .far more extended, nor will it
he forced to make a profit.
Would Buy Best Lands
The details may be left to a bill
which I shall cause to be introduced
in the present Legislature. Speaking
generally, after providing for the
clearing and sale of state lands, it
will provide for the purchase of private lands after written reports showing the analysis of the soil and the
estimated cost of clearing. The governor of the state should be the official head of this work, and in his
own handwriting approve every purchase. The purchased lands should
be divided into tracts of twenty or
forty acres, in each of whicii the
state should clear all or such portion
as may be wise, leaving the rest, in
instances, to be cleared by the settler,
who   begins   with   at   least   enough
cleared by the state to support him.
The settler would purchase upon
conditions of reasonable residence upon the soil and of forfeiture if he
abandons before certain payments
have been made (this to prevent speculators), and no assignment will be
permitted without the consent of the
state, or title be given until the settler, if a foreigner, has declared his
intention to become a citizen.
Provisions will be inserted by
which existing struggling settlers
may also avail themselves of this
legislation. But will speculators sell
their logged-off lands? Will logged-
off lands go up in value and defeat
this reasonable scheme? I think not.
If they do, they will be met by a
provision of this law that the amount
tendered by the state in cash to the
owner of any such lands, long unimproved, shall be certified to the assessors of taxes for their action in the
next appraisement.
In Eastern Washington assistance
must be rendered by the acquisition
of all sites possible for irrigation
schemes. Preliminary data for any
such schemes are very expensive and
the acquisition of the strategic lands
for irrigation schemes is to private
investors a heavy charge. It is the
duty of this state to develop these
enterprises and aid in bringing forth
its stubborn though rich resources.
I have examined every other project for our relief. One proposes improvement districts. This, to begin
with, would not provide for immigrants, but only for existing settlers.
Second, their bonds would not sell
at 10 cents on the dollar unless
backed by the state. But if the state
backs these bonds it will be backing
bands without previous selection of
the lands or subsequent control of
the money for the clearing. Bad soils
and remote tracts may be bonded and
small local district managers alone
would be responsible for waste or
fraud.
Can't Lend Money to Settlers
In a word, if this state is to undertake this business, it should do so
directly and not indirectly. As for
lending money to settlers, which is
another proposition, it is forbidden,
and wisely forbidden, by our constitution that the state should lend to
any individual, firm, person or corporation. The borrower might soon
become disgusted with his location
and abandon it after the loan. A
person buying land from the state,
however, forfeits his own money if he
abandons the land.
Something must be done. Prudent,
sensible and public-spirited men of all
classes tell me this is the only practicable solution. I am taking this
means of drawing your attention to
the situation and begging you to act
upon the present Legislature without
delay—P.  I.
"The latch string is on the outside" at the Hotel Kaiserhof, cor.
Johnson and Blanchard Streets, Friday, January 24th. Now is the time
to make reservation for rooms.
MAKING THE MOST OF THINGS
Johhny was a smart boy and anxious to get
on.   Jits first job was in tbe bank.
"Well, Jobnny, my boy," said bis uncle
to him, as bc met him in the street one day,
"how are you getting on in business? I
suppose you'll   soon  bc manager,  eb?"
"Yes, uncle," replied Johnny, "I'm getting
on   nicely.    I'm  already  a   draft   clerk."
"Really?" replied his relative. "A draft
clerk?    That's   very   good."
"Yes, uncle," remarl ed the bright boy,
"I open and shut the windows according to
order, anil close the dcors after people have
left   'em   open."
HE  DID  HIS  DUTY
An old soldier home from India, and mindful of three weeks on a transport, went upstairs for a bath, and not long afterwards appeared in tbe kitchen in a towering rage.
"Whatcver's the matter?" inquired his wife.
"Matter!" retorted the soldier. "Haven't
had half a bath!"
"llut why not?" continued his wife, "wasn't
thc water hot enough?"
"Oh, the water was all right," replied the
soldier, "hut directly 1 stepped into it some
miserable Italian came under the window with
an organ, and bas ground out incessantly
Cod Save the King!' "
"Well," persisted the wife, "why should
that have interfered witb you?"
"Can't you sec, you idiot ?" be screamed.
"I've had to stand up at attention all the
time!"
Of all sorry sights to the masculine view,
There is one inexpressibly shocking—
'Tis a short-skirted girl in a neat, low-cut shoe,
With a bole in the heel of her stocking. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
Western Forestry
Convention
The first full printed reports of the
meeting of the Western Forestry and
Conservation Association have just
been issued by the American Lumberman, the Timberman, and the West
Coast Lumberman. This convention
was one of the greatest ever held on
the Coast, over 200 timber owners
and forestry officials attending. There
were delegates from the British Columbia lumber associations and the
Provincial Forest Branch. Chief
Forester MacMillan and Chief of
Operation R. E. Benedict delivered
addresses.
From a start in a small way a few
years ago, at a meeting in Spokane of
the officers of then newly formed fire
protective organizations in the panhandle of Idaho, the Western Forestry & Conservation Association has
grown and extended its propaganda
of forest fire prevention and fighting
and* timber conservation until practically all of the timbered regions of
the western country are now organized through local associations that
patrol the forests, prevent and fight
fires and create a feeling of interest
in the welfare of the timbered regions on the part of the general public, through a campaign of education.
Those behind and responsible for
the association are the big and broad
men of the West, who realize that
while they own timber, and perhaps
lots of it, there is no reason why
they should not join with the rancher,
the settler or the homesteader in
helping him work out his problems
and at the same time secure his support in the protection of the forests.
Their conservation is of a practical
kind. They realize that the support
and co-operation of the general public
are essential to any effort toward
conservation of the timbered regions.
One of the most important departments of the association's work is
along the lines of educating the public, and in this work Forester E. T.
Allen has been very successful. His
work along educational lines has extended into every avenue, and in the
western country th'1 children in the
schools are even 'being taught by
booklets issued by the Western Forestry & Conservation Association to
respect and conserve the trees. Sermons on forest conservation are
preached in the churches during the
summer months,, when there is danger of campers and hunters causing
fires through carelessness. Warnings are placed everywhere to attract
the public attention, even to pages of
advertising in telephone directories
and railway time-tables and folders.
All of these various and ingenious
ways of attracting the attention of
the public to the conservation of the
forests and the value of saving the
trees from loss by fire are due to the
efforts of the association forester.
Mechanisms Before
Metals
Possibly those who have given no
special attention to thc subject have
not the slightest notion how many of
thc devices used in machinery made
by men pre-exist in principle in the
animal body. Probably at no time
has man not envied the power of
flight possessed by the birds and insects, and felt how hopeless it was
to imitate in metal the beautiful living mechanisms in muscle whicii attain such splendid results by such
apparently simple means. As we
known, man has recently achieved
the incredible success of literally flying in a machine heavier than air.
Both wings and motive power are
common to nature's and to man's own
flying machines. In aviation, at least,
man knew that he had been forestalled in the realms of animate nature, he
was consciously and deliberately trying to copy the living machinery designed for flying.
Similarly, he was forestalled in thc
matter of submarine boats, for the
fish sinks and rises* in ' the water by
the employment of tlie siiinc princi-
plc-H-dimitiution and increase of vol
ume of the gas within it (in its
"swim-bladder").
It is a sober fact that all the chief
mechanical principles—the lever, the
pulley, the valve, the universal joint,
the converging lens, the camera ob-
scura, the organ pipe, the electric
battery—are to be found in the animal body.
With regard to the lever, perhaps
one of the earliest utilizations of a
mechanical advantage that man has
discovered, it is very interesting to
know that all its three types are to
be found somewhere in the animal
economy. There are three and only
three types of lever mechanically possible, all of these are discoverable in
the human body.
The lever of the first order is that
in which the fulcrum is between the
power and the resistance (weight),
the nearer the fulcrum to the resistance the greater the "mechanical advantage." This is the type of lever
used in prying things open. A burglar's "jemmy" is such a lever. Now
the principle of this lever is employed in the body to balance the head
on the vertebral column, the fulcrum,
the joint between the head and the
neck, is situated between the weight,
acting along a line passing somewhere through the tongue, and the
power which is applied by the muscles at the back of the head to prevent it falling forward.—Prof. D.
Fraser Harris, M.D., D.Sc, in The
Canadian Magazine.
Vale the Suspender
The failure in Chicago of a manufacturer of suspenders has called
economic and sartorial attention to
the fact that these one-time mainstays
and back-braces of masculine dignity
are becoming passe. Man has emancipated himself to a very large extent
from the gallus that for years stood
between him and the police, but just
how he has done it is not plain. Man
ordinarily, being broadest at the
shoulders, has no natural resistance
to offer to nether garments responding to the demands of gravitation.
How this tendency is overcome without the moral support of suspenders
is mysterious. Then again there are
other men whose breadth of shoulders is secondary to a lower circumference, a rotundity of inverted slope
which, according to all the laws of
physics, should make suspenders an
absolute necessity. These difficulties
seem to have been overcome somehow, as the bankruptcy court bears
witness. The only handy explanation
is that the type of manly beauty is
changing from the Farnese Hercules
to the Venus of Milo. Soldiers,
sailors and men of active habits and
occupations have always preferred
the belt to the suspenders, but their
preference was due to a desire for a
freer play of the shoulder and a complete unconcern as to the stage of the
waist line. Just how the young man
of fashion can be assured of absolute safety with a belt is not to be
readily understood. Neither is it
plain how he is to avoid that rollicking hitch which is so essential a part
of the makeup of the comic opera
seaman. Perhaps the change is all
a part of the general progressiveness
of the age, but it looks as if there
were dangers ahead. Mayhap some
of us will live to see the day when
the discoveries of Venus models will
not be confined to the co-eds and
Annette Kcllcrman will be the prevalent example of manly beauty.
DEPARTMENT OF WORKS
NOTICE TO CONTRACTORS
Provincial Gaol, Victoria.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed "Ten
der for Provincial Gaol, Victoria," will be
received by the Hon. the Minister of Public
Works up to 12 o'clock noon of Tuesday,
28th day of January, 1913, for the erection
and completion of a Provincial Gaol, Victoria,
B. C.
Drawings, specifications, contract, and
forms of tender may be seen at the offices of
Government Agent, Vancouver, and at the
Department of Public Works, Parliament
Buildings, Victoria, B. C.
Intending tenderers can, by applying to
the undersigned, obtain one copy _ of (the
drawings and one copy of the specifications
for the sum of twenty-five dollars ($25).
Each tender must be accompanied by an
accepted bank cheque or certificate of deposit
on a chartered bank of Canada, made payable to the Hon. the Minister of Public
Works, for a sum equal to ten (10) per cent,
of his tender, which shall be forfeited if the
party tendering decline to enter into contract
when called upon to do so, or if he fail to
complete the work contracted for. The
cheques or certificates of deposit of unsuccessful tenderers will be returned to them
upon the execution of the contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless made
out on the forms supplied, signed with the
actual signature of the tenderer, and enclosed
in the envelopes furnished.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily
accepted.
J. E. GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B. C„ 28th December,  1912.
jan4 jan 25
SYNOPSIS OF COAL MINING REGULA-
TIONS.
TIMBER SALE No. Xo.
DREDGING
Extension of Time
NOTICE is hereby given that the time* for
tlu* reception nf tenders for Drtugilig nt Falsi*
Creek. Vancouver, 11. G., is extended to Monday.  February   1-,   1913,
Ry order,
R. G. DESROCHERS',
Setretary,
Department  "f  Public   Winks,
< lltaw.'i, January  13,  101,1.
jail. '■_.$'     '* 'Jan.' _.-*
SEALED TENDERS will be received by
the Minister of Lands not later than noon on
the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the purchase
of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 feet of
timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing; on
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westminster
District.
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B.C.
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1
an acre. Not more than 2,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Applications for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions
of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents  per  ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated, such returns should bc furnished at
least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or
Sub-Agent of Dominion Lands.
W. W. CORY,
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.   B.—Unauthorized   publication   of   this
advertisement will not be paid for.
sept. 21
VICTORIA  (RENFREW)  LAND
DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that Caroline Hemington
Muir, of Victoria, B. C, occupation Married
Woman, intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described lands:—
Conimencing at a post planted on the east
boundary of Lot 50, Renfrew District, about
20 chains north of the S. E. corner of the
said Lot 50; thence east 80 chains; thence
north 20 chains, more or less, to the soutii
boundary of T. L. 1728; thence west along the
south boundaries of T L.'s 1728 and 1727
to the east boundary of said Lot 50, a distance
of 80 chains, more or less; thence south 20
chains to point of commencement, containing
160 acres more or less.
Dated November 6th,  1912.
CAROLINE HEMINGTON MUIR.
Harold W. Duckitt, Agent,
nov. 30 jan. 25
NOTICE is hereby given that the reserve
existing over Lot 1340, Range 1, Coast District, by reason of the notice published in
the British Columbia Gazette of the 27th of
December, 1907, is cancelled, ior the purpose
of permitting the Davidson-Ward Company,
Limited, to purchase the said lot.
ROBT. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department, Victoria, B. C,
19th December,  1912.
"LAND REGISTRY ACT"
IN THE MATTER of an application for a
fresh Certificate of Title to Lot 37, of Lot
4  (Map  728),  Malahat  District;
NOTICE is hereby given of my intention
at the expiration of one calendar month from
the first publication hereof to issue a fresh
Certificate of Title in lieu of the Certificate of
Title issued to William Frederick Adams on
the 17th day of November, 1902, and numbered 8239C which has been lost.
Dated   at   Land   Registry   Office,   Victoria,
B. C, this 23rd day of December, 1912.
S. Y. WOOTTON,
Registrar General of Titles.
dec 28 ian 25
VICTORIA (RENFREW) LAND
DISTRICT
TAKE NOTICE that Hanna Mary Green,
of Victoria, B.C., occupation Spinster, intends
to apply for permission to purchase the following  described  lands;—Commencing   at   a
post  planted on  the  north boundary  of the
Carmanah I. R., about 15 chains east of the
N. W. corner of the Carmanah I. R.; thence
north 80 chains; thence east 80 chains; thence
south  80  chains;  thence west  80  chains  to
point of commencement, containing 640 acres,
more or less.
Dated November 5th, ioij
HANNA MARY GREEN.
Harold W. Duckitt, Agjent.
nov. 30 jan. 25
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT
District of South Saanich
TAKE notice that Henry Pucklc, of Victoria, B.C., occupation Fruit Grower, intends
to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted on the southeast corner of Section five; Range six east, South Saanich
District, thence west 10 chains; thence north
ten chains; thence east 10 chains; thence
south 10 chains to point of commencement,
containing 40 acres, more or less.
Dated 26th November, 1012.
HENRY PUCKLE.
nov. 30 ian. 25
WATER ACT
Notice of Application for thc Approval
of Works
TAKE XOTICE that Sidney Water _*.*
Power Co., Ltd., will apply lo tlie Comptroller
of Water Rights for the approval of tin*
plans of works lo be constructed for the
utilization of tlie water from wells on Lots
I, and 8, Pt. of Sec. 7, R. II F,„ N. Saanich,
from wliieh the applicant lias applied to ,bc
authorized to take, store, and use for Municipal purposes; *
Tlle plans antl particulars required by subsection (il nf section -0 of the "Wnter Act",
as amended have been filed with tlie Comptroller nf Water Rights at Victoria anil witli
the Water Recorder at Victoria, 11. C.
Objections tn the application ina>;, tie filed!
with llic Comptroller of Water Rlglvts, Parliament   Ruildings,  Victoria.
Dated at Victoria, II. ('., tins iSth titty nf
lanuarv,   1.011.        , -     ■'
SlIiS'KY W.\Ti*.;l. ,*•;■ POWER CO.qLTD.
Ian. js "   -fcli.'iV
WATER NOTICE
For a Licence to Take and Use Water
NOTICE is hereby given that Gordon River
Power Co., Ltd., of Victoria, B.C., will apply
for a licence to take and use 1200 cubic feet
per second of water out of Gordon River,
which flows in a southerly direction through
Port Renfrew District and empties into the
sea near Port Renfrew. The water will be
diverted at about 100 yards below Newton's
No. 1 Camp and will be used for power purposes on the land described as within a radius
of 100 miles.
This notice was posted on the ground on
the 6th day of December, 1912. The application will be filed in the Office of the Water
Recorder at Victoria.
Objections may be filed with the said Water
Recorder, or with the Comptroller of Water
Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C.
GORDON RIVER POWER CO., LTD.,
Applicant.
By Lorenzo Alexander, Agent,
dec 28 jan 25
SEALED TENDERS will be received by
the Minister of Lands not later than noon
on the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the purchase of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 feet
of timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing on
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westminster
District.
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B. C. |
nov. 30 mar. 1
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
NOTICE is hereby given that the reserve
existing on Lot 10, Group I, Kootenay District, by reason of a notice bearing date
March 26th, 1888, and published in the B. C.
Gazette under date of March 31st, 1888, is 1
cancelled for the purpose of offering the said I
land for sale at public auction. ,
ROBT. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands,
nov. 30 mar. 1
VICTORIA   LAND   DISTRICT
District  of North   Saanich
TAKE notice that Andrew Cox, of Union I
Bay,  North   Saanich,  Sidney   P.   0.,   farmer,
intends to apply for permission to lease the 1
following   described   foreshore:—Commencing
at a post planted at the Northeast corner of
Parcels 2, Section n, Range 1, West;   thence J
Northwest   two   hundred   (200)   feet,   thence
West    one    thousand    (1000)    feet,    thence]
Southeast   two  hundred   (200)   feet  more   orl
less to high water mark, and thence Easterly J
along high water mark to point of commencement.
Dated, December  16th,  1912.
ANDREW COX.
dec 28 feb 22 I
VICTORIA  LAND   DISTRICT
District  of  North   Saanich
TAKE  notice  that  Day  Hort  Macdowall, I
of Victoria, gentleman, intends to  apply for
permission   to   lease   the   following   clescribed
foreshore:—Commencing   at   a   post   planted
at the Northwest corner of Block 3, Section
11,   Range   1,   West;  thence  Northwest   two
hundred   (200)   feet,   thence   Northeast   five
hundred   (500)   feet,    thence   Southeast   two
hundred   (200)   feet   more   or   less   to   high I
water mark, and thence Southwest along high I
water mark to point of commencement.
Dated,  December   16th,   1912.
ANDREW COX,
Agt. for Day Hort Macdowall.
dec 28 feb 22 I
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY
Private Bills
NOTICE
NOTICE is hereby given that no petition
for a Private Bill will be received by the
House after Monday, January 27, 1913. Private Bills must be presented to the House
on or before Thursday,  February  6,   1913.
Bills must be reported to the House on or
before Thursday, February  13,  1913.
Dated this Fifteenth day of December, 1912.
THORNTON FELL,
Clerk to the Legislative Assembly.
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT.
District  of  Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Fred William Webster,
of Seattle; occupation, Machinist; intends to
apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post
planted about 40 chains east and 20 chains
south from the northeast corner of Lot 49;
thence north 80 chains; thence east 80 chains;
thence soutii 80 chains; thence west 80 chains
to point of commencement; containing 640
acres more or less.
Dated December 8, 1912.
FRED WILLIAM WEBSTER,
Applicant.
STANLEY WOOD,
Agent,
jan  11 mar 8
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT.
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Thomas W. Armitage,
of Huddcrsfield, England; occupation, Accountant; intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described lands :—
Commencing at a post planted* on the soutii
boundary of Lot 580, 80 chains west from
the northwest corner of T.L.'1746; thence
south 80 cluiins: thence east 80 chains; thence
north 80 chains; thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement;! containin*. 640 acres
more or less.
Dated December  ioth,   191 i-1.
THOMAS, W...ARMITAGE,
Applicant.
STANLEY* WOOD,
Agent,
■jan   11 *   ■>'■     '*     <      mar 8
NOTICE
NOTICE is hereby given that the Order-
in-Council, approved August 17th, 1895, re-l
serving and setting apart for the sole usel
of Her Majesty's Government for militaryl
and naval purposes that portion of the Sand I
Spit at the Lagoon, Esquimalt, which is the]
property of the Province, is rescinded; andl
that the lands describea in the aforesaid I
Order-in-Council are reserved for Government!
purposes.
ROBT. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C,
29th October, 1912.
nov. 2 feb. -I
LAND REGISTRY ACT
In  the   Matter   of  an  application   for   freshl
Certificates of Title to an undivided halfl
of Lots 3, 4, 5 and 6 of part of Lots 30,1
31 and 32, Oakland Estate,  (Map 3i3),f
Victoria City. I
NOTICE is hereby given of my intention!
at the expiration of one calendar month froml
the   first   publication   hereof   to   issue   freshl
Certificates of Title in lieu of the Certificates!
of  Title  issued  to  Henry  Louis  Salmon  onl
the  27th  day  of November,   1893,  and  num-r
bered 17401 A, and to Emanuel Joseph SahnonL
on   the   27th   day   of   November,   1893,   andl
numbered   17402 A   respectively,   which   haver
been lost. L
Dated   at   Land* Registry   Office,   Victorir,|
R. C, this 28th day of December, 1912.
S. Y. WOOTTON,
Registrar General of Titles,
jan. 4 feb.:
VICTORIA   LAND   DISTRICT.
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that John A. Stringer, ol
Mitcham,( Surrey; occupation, Goycrnmenl
Officer; intends to apply for permission tel
purchase the following described lands:—f
Commencing at a post planted at the south!
west corner of Lot 580, being T.L. 17271
thence north 80 chains; thence west aboul
60 chains to the southeast corner of Lot 561
thence soutii 80 chains; thence east 60 chain|
to point of commencement; containing e\i
acres more or less.
Dated Dece.mbcr ioth,  1912.
JOHN  A.  STRINGER,
Applicant.
STANLEY WOOD,
Agent,
jan   11 mar
VICTORIA LAND DISTRICT.
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Lawrence Tompkins, ol
Seattle, Wash.; occupation, Grocer; intends
to apply for permission to purchase the foil
lowing described lands:—Conimencing at A
post planted 80 chains north and 80 chains!
west from the southwest comer of T.Lf
42601 j thence north 80 chains; thence easl
40' chains; thence south 40 chains; thencel
cast 40 chains; thence south 40 chains; thencel
west 80 chains to point of commencement,]
containing 480  acres more or less.
Dated  December  8,   1912.
LAWRENCE TOMPKINS,
■■      ■*   * '  Applicant'.
■   , STANLEY WOOD. :
Agi nt.
ji\_: ii-'- •*'*■     ■" tn'"*r THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
MINING
PRELIMINARY REVIEW AND ESTIMATE OF THE
MINERAL PRODUCTION FOR THE YEAR 1912
By W. FLEET ROBERTSON. Provincial Mineralogist
Phis bulletin -has been prepared beta the receipt of the official reports
I' the year 1912 of the Gold Com-
Ijssioners and Mining Recorders of
Province, and the customary re-
jhns of mineral 'production annually
Iide by managers of mines and re-
Jclion works; consequently, it must
tcessarily be regarded as being sim-
\r a preliminary review of the process of the past year, together with
estimate   of   the   quantities    and
[Iue *of the several mineral products
the Province, which it is believed
prove to be approximately cor-
JThe accompanying table shows an
Itimated mineral production during
112 of a total value of $32,606,000. lt
til be seen that the total value of
|foduction in 1912 is expected to be
1,106,928 more than in 1911, and more
$6,228,934 than that of 1910, the
Ital for the last-mentioned year
(f2-5,377,o66) being the highest on rec-
rd in* the history of mineral produc-
|_n in British Columbia.
|onditions Favourable for Production
in 1912
onditi'ons   during  the   year   1912
ere, on the whole, favourable to an
(creased mineral production, and the
I'sults obtained must be regarded as
Ighly satisfactory, although in some
Ispedts the earlier expectations were
fit fully realized; for instance, an
liusuaily dry and short working sea-
|_n affected the production of placer
aid; the yield of lode gold also fell
of what had appeared earlier in
|ie season, a reasonable promise from
the districts contributing substan-
lally to the total production of that
petal. The production of lead also
eems to have been somewhat less
ian had been anticipated, although
■is  quite  possible that  it  will  be
bund to have been* underestimated.
In coal also the increase in pro-
luction is smaller than had been
joked for, but this is explained by
e fact that during the last quarter
the year, labour troubles affected
dversely the output of the Cumber-
Ind and Extension Collieries on
fancouver Island. With these excep-
however, conditions were fa-
ourable for the production of min-
jrals in larger quantities than in
pver'al years past.
I Average prices for the year of sil-
er and copper, especially of the lat-
fcr, induced efforts to maintain production on as large a scale as was
adticable; one of the good results
{•las an output of copper that, as re-
ardls both quantity and total value,
the highest on record in the Pro-
lince.
province's Proportion of Production
In Canada
British Columbia's proportion of
lie .mineral production of the whole
I Canada continues to be comparably large. The aggregate value of
lie production of this Province to
lie end of 1912 is, approximately,
1430,000,000, but since the published
Ifficial records of that of the whole
|)ominion do not include production
Irior to 1886, the present comparison
liust be restricted to the period of
ventyJseven years—1886-1912. Plac-
ng the aggregate for all Canada at
11,352,000,000 (which allows for 1912
Dominion total of $116,000,000, an
■mount nearly $13,000,000 greater
Ihan that of 1911), and* British Co-
limbia's proportion for the same
leriod at $365,000,000, it follows that
liis Province has to be credited with
Ibout 27 per cent, of the aggregate
laluc of the mineral production of the
Ihole of Canada in the twenty-seven-
|ear period under notice.
It is a striking fact, as indicating
lie substantial increase in the value
If the mineral production of the
J'rovince .11 recent years, as compared with that of less than twenty years
Igo, that nearly 36 per cent, of the
■365,000,000 mentioned above as the
Iggregate of production for twenty-
leven years is to be credited to the
list five years, 1908-1912, while nearly
Ine-half was produced during seven
|ears 1906-1912.
Gold
No hesitation has been felt in esti-
Inating that the yield of gold, both
filacer and lode, has been larger than
In 1911. For placer gold, an increase
In value of $74,000, and for lode gold
■235,287  (equivalent to  the  value  of
11,383 °z- °f refined gold), has been
taken as fairly representing the pro-
"luctiion of this metal, so far as indicted by the advices received to date.
Dealing with  these classes  of gold-
nitiing separately, it may be observed:
Placer   Gold.—Practically   all   the
.ilacer  gold   in   the  Province  is   ob-
Jaincd   in   the   Cariboo   and   Cassiar
(Districts,  less  than  one-twentieth  of
Tthe total coming from the remaining
listricts.    An approximate apportion-
nent is: From Cariboo District, $230,-
boo;  Atlin   Division  of  Cassiar   Dis
trict, $250,000; remaining parts of the
Province, $20,000. In Cariboo Division about $160,000 is the estimate for
1912, as against $136,000 in 1911; $60,-
000 for Quesnel Division, as compared with $34,000; and $10,000 for
Omineca. It may be that for Quesnel Division a larger yield will be
shown, but this cannot be determined
until after the results of the season's
operations of the Quesnelle Hydraulic
Gold Mining Company shall be
known.
As in 1911, the gravel-washing season was short in both the Cariboo
and Cassiar Districts, and, as a consequence, the total quantity of gold
recovered was small ascompared with
that of a number of years prior to
1909. It is a remarkable fact that,
while the summer and autumn rainfall in the parts* of the Cariboo District to the north and south of the
goldfields was abundant, in the parts
affecting the water-supply for placer-
mining purposes it was unusually
light. From Atlin, too, have come advices of the unfavourable effect of
water condition's, with a consequent
.diminished recovery of gold on two
or three creeks. However, it is hoped
that the season of 1913 will be a
better one.
Renewed attention is being given to
Omineca creeks, which in bygone
years yielded mudh placer gold. Other
parts of the Province in which placer-
mining is done, though only on a
.small scale, are, on several creeks and
rivers in the Fort Steele Division of
East Kootenay; in Nelson, Trout
■Lake, and Revels'toke Divisions of
West Kootenay; in Lillooet ancl Clinton Divisions and several other's*.
Lode Gold.—The increase in lode
gold appears to have come chiefly
from the Boundary District, in which
is included Osoyoos as well as Grand
Forks and Greenwood Divisions, with
a production of about 17,000 oz. more
than in 1911. Returns from Nelson
Division are incomplete, but an increase of between 1,000 and 2,000 oz.
is estimated. For some reason not yet
ascertained, there seems to have been
a smaller total output of ore ifrom the
Rossland mines, with a resultant decrease in production of gold; possibly
final returns will show differently, but
from information so far received the
estimate has had to be made of a reduction of several thousand ounces as
compared with 1911. In the Coast
District, too, there sems to have been
a decreased production of lode gold,
attributable in part to a temporary
suspension of shipment of first-class
ore from Texada Island, pending the
completion of some necessary development work in the chief producing
mine.
In the Boundary District a comparatively large proportion of the gold
ls obtained by smelting ores of which
the main valuable metal content is
copper. The Granby and British Columbia Copper companies together
produced about 67,000 oz. of gold; the
money value of _ the product of the
Hedley Gold Mining Company was
equal to approximately 37,000 oz. of
refined gold. In the Rossland camp
(Trail Creek Division) the largest
producer by far is the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, which operates the Centre
Star-War Eagle group of mines and
the Le Roi. Next comes the Le Roi
No. 2 Ltd., which also produces gold-
copper smelting ore. The Trail Creek
Division, like the Greenwood, in 1912
■had a new producer added to its list
—•the Inland Empire. That in Greenwood Division was the Jewel. Both
commenced milling gold-ore late _ in
the year, so that their respective
yields of gold were small.
In the Nelson Division, the Queen
and Mother Lode, in Sheep Creek
camp; the Arlington, at Erie; and
the Granite-'Poorman, near the town
of Nelson, contributed most of the
lode gold—approximately 20,000 oz.,
comprising the total for the year of
this division. The Yankee Girl, at
Ymir, and the Second Relief, at Erie,
were both producers, but to what extent has not yet been learned.
Silver
The production of silver appears to
have been the largest in any of six
or seven recent years. It was more
than 1,000,000 oz. larger than in 1911,
and 450,000 oz. greater than in 1910.
To the total of about 2,900,000 oz., the
Boundary District copper mines contributed something like 390,000 oz.,
and the Coast mines 102,000 oz., the
Britannia mine having been t'..e chief
producer on the Coast. The remaining 2,408,000 oz. came from the Kootenay District mines, the largest part
being from Slocan mines, the chief
producers among which, were the
Standard and Van-Roi, both in Silverton camp, near Slocan lake, with
thc Rambler-Cariboo adding a fair
share. In    the    Ainsworth    Division
there were more than a half dozen
shippers of silver-bearing ore—namely, the No. 1, Silver Hoard, Bluebell,
Utica, Retallack & Co.'s Whitewater,
and two or three smaller mines. The
Sullivan, in East Kootenay, added between them 250,000 and 300,000 oz.
to the total.
More than two-thirds of the output
of silver was recovered at the Trail
smelter, and nearly 500,000 oz. from
smelting ores in the Boundary and
Coa'st Districts, while practically all
the remainder was contained in silver-
zinc concentrates sent to the United
States for reduction.
. The New York price of silver was
.higher all through the year than the
.average of the highest month in 191*1.
.Commencing with 56.260 cents for
Janu'ary, it rose to nearly 64 cents
.toward the close of the year, giviug
an average for 1912 of nearly 61 cents,
as against 53.304 cents for 1911; so
that production in 1912 had the benefit of fully 7 cents increase in price,
as well as the larger quantity already
mentioned.
Lead
In placing the production of metallic lead at 38,000,000 lb., it is thought
an ample margin has been allowed for
loss in smelting. The quantity of lead
contained in ores sent to reduction
works in 1912 is stated to have been
between 44,000,000 and 45,000,000 lb.
A rough apportionment of the sources
of this lead is as follows: East Kootenay, mainly from the Sullivan mine,
16,000,000 lb.; Ainsworth Division, 7.-
000,000 lb.; Slocan, in largest part
from the Standard and Van-Roi
mines, 19,500,000 lb.; Nelson Division,
largely from the Emerald and Molly
Gibson mines, 2,500,000 lb. These
figures indicate in a general way the
lead-producing districts and the lead-
content of the ores shipped, not the
metallic lead recovered.
Lead-ore receipts at the Trail smelter from the St. Eugene mine in 1912
were small as compared with those of
earler year's. Others than those already mentioned that shipped lead-
ore in considerable quantity were:
lhe Monarch, at Field; Utica and Retallack & Co.'s Whitewater mine, in
Ainsworth.■ Division;; «Rambler-Cari-
boo, Richmond-Eureka and Ruth-
Hope groups, in Slocan.
Lead bounty matters are receiving
the attention of mine-owners in the
leadi-producing districts, for under the
existing Dominion Act the payment
of bounty "shall cease and determine
on June 30th, 1913." Efforts are being
made to obtain continued assistance
in some effective form. The amount of
bounty earned in 1912 was only about
$65,000, the London price of lead during about seven months having been
above that at w'hich bounty ceases to
be payable. There remains something
like $700,000 unearned of the original
appropriation of $2,500,000.
Copper
The estimated increase in the copper production as compared with
1910 is about 12,756,000 lb.; with 1911
it is 14,072,000 lb. Going back tc earlier years, the comparison does not appear favourable, but in point of fact
it is, since the total of 51,000,000 lb.
estimated for 1912 is the quantity of
copper actually recovered, while Some
years ago it was customary to record
the copper-content of the ore without
allowing for loss in smelting. The* increase in production for last year is
therefore much greater in comparison
with that of any one of the years
1906-1909, inclusive, than is at first
evident. The copper-content of ores
smelted in 1912, as shown by assays,
was approximately 62,000,000 lb., so
a liberal allowance has been made for
losses in the slags.
As in past years, the Boundary District mines were the largest producers of copper, with a recovery of fully
33,000,000 lb., two-thirds of whicii
came from the Granby Consolidated
Co.'s mines at Phoenix, and one-third
from those of the British Columbia
Copper Co. situated in other parts of
the district. The latter company
owns a controlling interest in the
New Dominion Copper Co., so the
production of the Rawhide mine, in
Phoenix camp, is included in the
quantity shown as British Columbia
Copper Co. production. Copper recoveries from Rossland ores appear to
have been about 2,330,000 lb., while
the Coast mines are credited with between 15,000,000 and 16,000,000 lb.,
nearly all of which was from the
Britannia Co.'s mines near Howe
Sound, with the remainder, except
a small quantity from the Red
Cliff in the Portland Canal Division
from the Marble Bay mine on Texada Tsland*.
It is noteworthy that coper now
leads in aggregate value of production of individual metals in all years;
that is, if placer and lode gold be
taken  separately. The respective ag
gregate figures are: Copper, $73,653,-
000; placer gold, $72,139,000; lode
gold, $70,497,000. The development
of the copper-mining industry in the
Province may be strikingly illustrated
by comparing the relative totals of
these several metals as at the close of
the year 1900 with those just given.
They were: Placer gold, $62,584,000;
lode gold, $12,813,000; copper, $4,363,-
000. Comparison of these figures
shows that copper has taken a lead>-
ing place in the metalliferous production of British Columbia, for while
during the twelve years, 1901-1912, the
total production* of lode gold has been
valued at $57,684,000, and of placer
gold only $9,555,000, that of copper
has been $69,291,000.
Zinc
The adverse conditions that
throughout 1911 aected the production of zinc, so far as concerned the
Whitewater and Lucky Jim mines, in
the Slocan, continued until 1912 was
well advanced toward its close. In
fact, they still exist, as affecting the
Whitewater group, for the concen-
trating-mill destroyed by fire in the
summer of 1910 has not yet been replaced, although transportation facilities have been restored, 'i'he latter improvement made it practicable for the
shipment of zinc-ore from the Lucky
Jim mine to be resumed in the autumn.
Most of the zinc-bearing material
shipped was in the form of concentrate, made as a second product in
mills concentrating ores also containing lead and silver. In round figures,
the zinc recovered from concentrates
was as follows: From the Standard
Co.'s shipments, 2,706,000 lb.; Van-
Roi Co.'s, 2,317,000 lb.; Monarch mine
1,000,000 lb. Recovery from Lucky
Jim ore shipped crude was probably
3,000,000 lb. (returns have not yet
heen received), and from Noble Five
ore 200,000 lb. In estimating an output of 8,500,000, as included in the
foregoing table, it is thought a safe
margin has been allowed.
Coal and Coke
Preliminary returns received show
a gross production in 1912 of 3,066,000
long tons of coal, as compared with
2,298,000 tons in 1911, amd 3,139,000
ton's in 1910. The quantities made into coke in these several years were:
In 1912, about 395,000 tons; 1911, 105,-
000 tons; and 1910, 339,000 tons. The
net quantities of coal—that is, the
production on record after deduction
of the coal made into coke—were:
For 1912, 2,650,000 tons; 1911, 2,193,-
000 tons; and 1910, 2,800,000 tons. In
estimating the net production for
1912, an allowance has been made for
a possible slight reduction in the total
when the final figures are received.
The quantities of coke manufactured
in the respective years were as follows: In 1912, 264,000 tons; 1911, 66,-
000 tons; 1910, 218,000 tons. Of
course, all these quantities omit odd
figures below thousands. The comparison of gross production as between that of the year 1912 and 1910,
respectively, is made for the reason
that in the latter year the output was
the largest In the history of coalmining in British Columbia. In this
connection it is of interest to note
that, notwithstanding that labour difficulties so affected the operation of
the coal-mines at Extension and Cum-
beralnd, Vancouver Island, during the
last quarter of the year as to cause
a decreased production from them in
1912 of 107,000 tons as compared with
1911, the net decrease in production
of the whole Province was but 73,000
tons, so that had it not been for the
temporary unfavourable conditions at
the mines just mentioned, there is little doubt that the year 1912 would
have been a record year in the production of coal.
Reviewing the production in 1912
of thc separate districts, it is seen
that Vancouver Tsland mines together made an output of about I,-
553,000 tons; those of Nicola and
Similkameen, 214,000 tons; and of
Crowsnest, 1,299,000 tons. The whole
of the 395,000 tons made into coke
was from Crowsnest mines, so that
the net production of coal in that district was about 904,000 tons.
Tn preparation for enlarging the
output of coal, important developments are taking place on Vancouver
Tsland. The Western Fuel Co. is opening a new mine, to be known as
Reserve Shaft mine, situated near the
mouth of Nanaimo River, on an Indian reserve, distant rather more than
three miles from No. 1 Shaft, Nanaimo. The Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, is opening a new
mine, No. 8, situated about a mile
north of its No. 7 mine, Union colliery, Comox District. This company
is also developing hydro-electric power for use at its Union colliery mines,
near Cumberland. The Pacific Coast
Coal Mines, Ltd., besides continuing
the development of its mine at Su-
quash, in the northeastern part of
Vancouver Island', is opening a new
mine to the south of Nanaimo, at a
place about one mile nearer to Boat
Harbour, the company's shipping
port for coal from its Fiddick colliery,
South Wellington. Production of coal
should be commenced in 1913 at all
three of the new mines above mentioned*. In the Nicola Valley District
progress was made at several of the
smaller coal properties. Of these, the
Inland Coal and Coke Co. was the
only one to increase its output—from
11,000 tons in 1911 to 31,000 tons in
1912. The Diamond Vale Collieries,
Ltd., suspended mining operations
during the greater part of the year,
following an explosion, which caustd
the loss of several lives; work was
resumed later in the year. While the
output of coal from the mines of the
Nicola Valley Coal and Coke Co., the
oldest company and the one operating on the largest scale in this district, was smaller than in 1911 (approximately 152,000 tons, as compared with 191,000 tons in 1911), important exploratory work was done, for
in prospecting from No. 4 mine a
new seam of coal was discovered and
afterward its development was undertaken. Another railway is being constructed in the district, and it is hoped
that this will eventually afford the
much-desired relief in connection with
freight charges on coal shipments.
The Columbia Coal and Coke Co. continued development of its Coalmont
property, in the vicinity of Tulameen
River, but shipped only about 2,000
tons of coal. The Princeton Coal and
Land Co., operating at Princeton,
Similkameen, benefited by the completion of its new coal-handling plant,
having a capacity of about 500 tons a
day, but long distance ffom the centres of population and the consequent
long freight haul are a serious handicap to the marketing of its coal, so
that it was not practicable last year
to considerably increase the output,
which is stated to have been about
25,000 tons. In Southeast Kootenay
the Crowsnest District mines made a
good showing, considering that the
long-continued miners' stirke of 1911
had greatly demoralized the market
for *coal by largely diverting the trade
to United States fields. It is satisfactory to find that, notwithstanding the
serious check experienced, coal-production figures for 1912 reached a
total only 66,000 tons smaller than
that of 1910. The quantities (gross)
produced in three successive years
were as follows: In 1910, 1,365,000
long tons; 1911,' 442,000 tons; 1912,
1,299,000 tons. The coke-production
figures have already been given. The
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., besides
continuing operation of various mines
at its Coal Creek and Michel collieries
opened a new mine at Coal CTeek,
known as No. 1 East, developing it to
a producing capacity of 1,000 tons a
day. In addition, a new seam of coal,
above No. I seam at Coal Creek, was
opened, and at the close of the year
there were being made preparations
for its permanent development. This
company's output of coal from the
Coal Creek and Michel collieries was
about 963,000 long tons, of which
327,000 tons was made into 220,000
tons of coke. Only ordinary mining
and development were done at the
colliery of the Hosmer Mines, Ltd.,
the gross production of coal last year
having been 213,000 tons, of which
69,000 tons was made into 44,000 tons
of coke.
Of new coalfields in various parts
of the Province there is little to report so far as concerns probable early
production of coal. Little advancement was made in the upper Elk
River District toward the utilization
of the large quantity of coal in this
part of the Province, estimated by D.
B. Dowling, of the Geological Survey of Canada, as covering an area
of 140 square miles, and containing
approximately 14,000 million tons of
mineable coal. Until railway transportation shall be provided, this important district will remain undeveloped. Neither in the northern part of
Cariboo District nor in thc North
Thompson River country, in both of
which coal is known to occur, is there
a present prospect of production.
Prospecting of coal measures on Graham Island of the Queen Charlotte
group has been carried on, and in one
instance a comparatively small output
is expected for 1913. 10
THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
Mr. Brabazon Parker, of Vancouver,
spent last Sunday in Victoria.
* *   *
'Mrs. Elliott Hewlings has left 'on
a visit to friends in California.
* *   *
Colonel E. J. Medl'ey, of Duncan,
B. C, is a guest at the Ritz hotel.
* *   *
Mrs. Norman Rant has returned
from a short visit to Vancouver.
* *   *
Mr. Charles Wardle has    returned
from a visit to his home in England.
. . *   *   *
Mf. R. G. Ward, from Vancouver,
si ent a few days in town during the
week.
* *   *
Mrs. S. K. Harvie, of Vancouver, is
the guest of Mrs. Beall, 2317 Belmont
Street.
* *   *
Mrs. A. Henderson, from Vernon,
was a guest in Victoria for a few days
this week.
* *   *
Mrs. Arthur Nixon, of Thetis Island, is the guest of Mrs. Pascal de
Noe Walker.
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. G. K. Gillespie, from
CowSchan Lake, are visiting relatives
in Victoria.
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. J. B. Girdwood, from
Cowichan Lake, are visiting friends in
Victoria.
* *   *
Miss Hilda •R/avnsay, of Chilliwack,
has been the guest of Mrs., R. Q. Monteith.
* *   *
Mrs. W. H. Bone and Miss Genevieve Bone, of Stonehenge, Rockland
Avenue, have left for Lower California, where thev intend spending the
winter months.
* *   *
On Thursday, January 16th, Miss
Mara entertained a number of her
friends at a dance given at her pretty
home, Pemberton Road. Among the
guests were: The Misses Pitts, the
Misses McDowell, . Mrs. Pemberton,
Miss1 Mabel Eberts, Miss Brownie
Bodwell, Miss Lucy Little, Miss Phyllis Mason, Mrs. Rogers, Miss Rogers,
the Misses Dumbleton, Miss Nina
Coombe, Miss Agnes Robertson, Miss
Roy, Miss Bodwell, Miss Spaulding,
Miss Marion Dunsmuir, Miss McKay,
Miss Blake and Miss Bridgman, and
the Messis. Garrett, Carew-Martin,
Morton Mason, Teddy Ambery, F.
Pemberton, B. Pemberton, Arthur
Pitts, Clarence Pitts, Trewartha
Janies, Sholto Gillespie, Hugh Rogers,
John' Arbuckle, J. C. Bridgman, Graham-Graham, Hugh Thornton, B. Irving, King, Marshall, W. Wardle,
Chalmers. The supper table was
tastefully arranged with pink carnations and greenery. Miss Thain's orchestra played a delightful programme
of music.
* *   *
On Tuesday evening, January 21st,
the Connaught Dancing Club held
one of its delightful dances in the
Connaught Hall, View Street. The
usual number of members were present and dancing was kept up until a
late hour. The hall was tastefully
adorned vvith greenery and the floor
was in perfect condition, the music
being supplied by Miss Thain's orchestra and was all that could be de-
s:rcd. A dainty buffet supper was
seived shortly before midnight. Some
of those who attended were Mr. and
Mrs. Sidney Child, Mr. and Mrs.
Beaumont Boggs, Mr. ancl Mrs. W.
Crompton, Mrs. A. S. Gore, Miss B.
Monteith, Miss McB. Smith, Mr. and
M,rs. J. Patton, Mr. Guy Goddard, Mr.
and Mrs. G. Goward, the Misses Rant,
Miss Mess, Miss Floyd, Miss Grace
Monteith, Miss Fort, ^Miss Heyland,
Mr. R. Fort, Messrs. Forrest, Messrs.
Brown, Miss E. Brown, Mrs*. Geo.
Simpson*, Mr. Tweedie, Mr. P. A. Landry, Mr. B. Landry, Mr. Henry Rochfort, Miss Rochfort, Mrs. J. Stevenson, Mr. T. W. Buss, Mr. Wm. Barton, Mr. Walter Barton, Miss Lugrin,
Miss Mowbray, Mrs. Chas. Wilson,
Miss Bagshawe, Miss Hilda Ramsay
(Chilliwack), Mr. J. Bridgman, Mr.
Wm. Cartwright, Mr. Jack Cambie,
Mr. J. Mason, Dr. Hall, Dr. Tomalin,
Mr. Smith, Mr. and Mrs. Foulkes,
Miss Foulkes, Miss Mesher, Miss
Gonnason, Mr. Boville, Mr. and Mrs.
G. Clute, Mr. C. Pemberton, Miss
Davis*, Miss Sweet, Miss Tuck, Mr. K.
Raymur, Messrs. King, Mr. Hose, Miss
Bates, Miss Elworthy, Miss Wheat-
ley, Miss Maclure, Mr. Pouree, Mr.
and Mrs. M. Cane, Miss May, Miss
Burrell and Mr. Burrell.
On last Friday evening the Native
Sons held their annual ball in the
new ball-room of the Empress hotel.
About fou: hundred people being
present. The oichestra of the hotel
supplied the music, and dancing was
kept up until* an early hour of the
morning. Supper was served in the
dining-room, small tables being placed about the room, tastefully arranged
with pink carnations and smilax.
Among the numerous guests were His
Honour the Lieutenant-Governor and
Mrs. Paterson, Mr. and Mrs. Victor
Eliot, Mr. and Mrs*. D. M. Eberts,
Miss Eberts, Miss Mabel Eberts, Mr.
and Mrs. W. H. Holmes, Miss Naomi
Holmes, Mr. and Mrs. Roy Troupe,
Mr. and* Mrs. Hany Briggs, Judge
Lampman, Capt. John Irving, Miss B.
Monteith, Mr. R. G. Monteith, Mrs.
Cutler, Mrs. McB. Smith, Miss Stevenson, Mi. and Mrs. Phillip Johnston,
Mr. and Mrs. H. J. Muskett, Miss Muriel Dunsmuir, Miss Newcombe, Miss
Sutton and Mr. Sutton, Miss Gonna
son, Mrs. Goodwin, Miss Walker,
M'ss Ringwood, Mr. and Mrs. A. S.
Barton, Mi. Will'am Barton, Mr. Walter Barton, Mis's Hickey, Mrs. Gordon Hunter, Mrs. W. J. Roper, Mr.
and Mrs. Grimmei son, Dr. Tomquin,
Mrs. William Rochfort, Miss Rochfort, Mr. Pitcairn, Mr. and Mrs. Harvey, Mrs. Fred White, Mr. McCan,
Mr. Mclvor, Miss Mclvor, Mr. Cox,
Miss May, Miss Heyland, Mr. T. W.
Buss, Mr. and Mrs. Beaumont Boggs,
Mr. Flewin, M.. J. S. Yates, Miss
Duncalfe, Mr. B. A. Kent, Mr. P. A.
Landry, Mr. Herbert Boggs, Mr. and
Mrs. Carew Gibson, Mr. George
Bishop, Mi. Tweedie, Miss Floyd, Mr.
and Mrs. Arthur Wolfenden, M'iss
Bodwin, Mi. Bodwin, Mr. Welsh, Mr.
P. Dickson, Mr Bayley, Mr. Leg"-
Mis'., Kirk, Miss Hazel Kirk, Mr. Taylor, Mr. N. Barton, Mr. Trendall, Mr.
Galliher, Mr. Trewartha James, Mr.
John Cambie, Miss Wheatley, Mrs.
Bray, Miss Maclure and a great many
others.
What you want, the way you want it
Afternoon -Tea, Painty Luncheon^
Special Teas for parties by arrangement.    Do not prget—Vve always
keep on hand guaranteed
New Laid Eggs.
The TEA KETTLE   n» douglas st.
MISS M. WOOLDRIDGE, Proprietress        Opposite the Victoria Theatre
We Offer
A   first   class   stock   of
Apples,  Fears,  Cherries,
Prunes,  Plums,  Peaches,
Apricots and small fruits.
Also Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, decidious and evergreen, Roses, etc.
The very finest quality and best assortment grown in B. C.    Catalogue
free.     Personal   inspection   invited.    Now   is   the   time   to   order.
LAYRITZ NURSERIES
CAREY ROAD, VICTORIA BRANCH AT KELOWNA, B. C.
PHONE M1054
What Are You Going to Do About It?
Courtenay, with its new sidewalks
and buildings going up in all directions, is indeed growing and must
continue to do so. The greatest nee,:
at t'he present moment is a Board of
Trade, to voice the needs of thc district, in view of the opening of the
Panama Canal. The Dominion G \
ernment are wise in their policy to appropriate the millions they propr se
doing for docks and wharves at Victoria,, to* say ndt-liirig of Vancouver.
But, what is their prograiiinii for
other places on the Island, where the
necessity for such is as great, but in
a smaller ratio. The "Victoria Colonist," of the 8th instant, invites the
people to say, "What they are going
to do about it?"
This Comox District has the largest
population on the Island, outside oi
Victoria, the agricultural area tin
largest and best, the possib'li'tie-i of
manufacturing industries, on account
of the raw products being right here,
greater even than Victoria. The ol.
country manufacturers are copying
t'he Germans who have found out that
instead of crowding their employees
in sky-scrapers in congested cities,
they can get better results and give
better satisfaction to the employees
by locating the factories in the country where land is cheap and the employees, besides geeting the necessary
amount of sunshine and fresh air in
the work rooms to keep them in good
health and spirits for their work, they
can get a nice cheap home and a garden, sufficient to grow all the vegetables and fruit they want, and lastly,
but not least, for the young and single ones, all the social enjoyments of
a city can be got, on a smaller scale.
To accomplish this, and bring the
thousands into the district, when the
canal opens we must have water
transportation, in addition to thc rail.
Those who have not travelled the
world and seen for themselves will
be blind in their own interests, if they
think for one moment that because
of the C. P. R. and C. N. R., even
if these companies ran at their very
back-door, we can do without water
transportation, which is cheaper than
the rail. A means must be found in
this far west to reduce excessively
high rail freights, and the one chief
essential to do this is for the Dominion Government to provide wharfage accommodation, where there is a
need of such. In these parts, where
railway freights will be new to us,
we must not forget that in the old
country the rail rates from water
competitive points are cheaper than
from non-competitive points, and
while wc shall welcome the railways,
whicli we expect will run through
this Comox Valley this year, we hope
if they wish to load their freight cars
to t'he fullest capacity, they will fix
their rates at the price at which the
most favorably placed carrier can afford to do the work which so far is
undoubtedly the water carrier.—The
Courtenay Courier.
Forest Convention Needs
Good Men
Mr. R. H. Campbell, Dominion
.Director of Forestry, in an outline of
the \ta>rk of the Federal Forest
Branch published in the Pulp and
Paper Magazine lays particular emphasis upon the creation of forest rer
serves as conservators of national
wealth.   'He says:
"The organization of the permanent forest reserves! so as to make
t'hem fireproof and: to provide proper management is work that requires
a good permanent staff and a system
of permanent improvements, such as
forest ranger stations, trails, roads,
bridges, telephone lines, etc. As the
fore'st ranger staff is the groundwork
of all the organization for handling
the reserves, the choice of the right
kind of men is a factor of the greatest moment. The improvement work
above referred to as required on the
reserves is necessary if there is to be
effective protection and management,
and as all this work is yet to be done
it will be seen that there must be a
large initial expenditure which cannot be expected to be returned by the
forest immediately. The work on
permanent improvement's! is, in fact,
a capital expenditure, and should be
considered as such. A proper system
of roads, trails, buildings, etc.,
throughout the reserves will cost a
large amount of money, the incidence
of which should be distributed
through a series of years. These
works, once done, will require a comparatively small expenditure for maintenance, in addition to such* work as
may be done by the permanent ranger staff. So long, however, as this
work remains undone the forests are
exposed to danger which cannot be
coped with in seasons of light rainfall, and which renders much of the
expenditure that is being made for
fire patrol finally nugatory, as the history of the dry years s'o eloquently
testifies.
It must be expected, therefore,
that the ezpenditure on the forests
fov a considerable period will exceed
the revenues. A permanent policy
in the present condition of our forests, cannot be worked out on any
other expectation. The waste of
years of unchecked fires cannot be
repaired in a day. When the fire danger has been eliminated and proper
system of cutting timber introduced,
the condition of the forests will stead-
ly improve, and finally will reach the
It Satisfies Millions of People—Wort]
Your While to Test it
LIPTONS TE
Sustains and cheers
stage where a sustained annual yield
oan 'be obtained which will give revenue sufficient to cover the costs of
administration and furnish as reasonable a profit as a Government woiild
be expected to obtain.
The protection of the vast extent of
northern' forest is a task of great magnitude. The belt of land, more or
Jess forested, stretching from Hudson
Bay to the Rocky Mountains, covers
a distance of 1,500 miles from east to
.west, and from 300 to 7000 miles from
north to south, and, with travel, railway construction and settlement
.steadily working into it from all directions, the danger of fire is great
and constant. On the whole, the staff
of rangers patrolling in these districts
.is of a good class, but the number so
far employed, 200, is utterly inadequate tb the task when the season is
at all dangerous."
Correspondence
The Week accepts lio responsibility for
the views expressed by its correspondents.
Communications will be inserted whether
signed by the real name of the writer
or a nom de plume, but the writer's
name and address must be given to the
Editor as an evidence of bona fides. In no
case will it be divulged without consent.
LATTER DAY SAINTS
Victoria, B.C., Jan. 21, 1913.
To the Editor of The Week:
Dear Sir,—Do you think it possible
that the "disciple" who is going
round from door to door advocating
Mormorism, and distributing th; accompanying pamphlets, might be advised to take another door, i. e., the
door out of Victoria.
It seems to me that an opportunity
should be taken speedily to put an
end to this sort of thing, and knowing your public spirit where the welfare of this city and its inhabitants are
concerned, I would like to see an article from you by way of warning to
the unwary.
Yours sincerely,
CONSTANCE BROMLEY.
Trying To
Keep Warm
Is quite a problem sometimes.
Get at the root of the matter
ancl remember that rich, red
blood is Nature's source of
warmth for chilly Fall and
cold Winter days.
Boives Syrup of
Hypophosphitcs
is the best all-round tonic obtainable and makes that pure,
rich blood that will keep the
body health) and warm.
Strengthens the whole nervous system. Get a bottle at
Bowes'to-day $1.00
Cyrus H. Bowes
The Old Established
Drug Store
1228 Government Street
Phones 425 and 450
WATER NOTICE
For a License to Take and Use Water.
NOTICE is herehy given that Stephen
Jones, of Victoria, B. C, will apply for a
license to take and use ten inches of water
out of a spring which flows in an easterly
direction through Section 35 and empties into
the Lagoon. '1 he water will bc diverted at
the N. W. corner of part of Section 35, which
is owned by me, and will be used for domestic
and irrigation purposes.
This notice was posted on the ground on
the 9th day of January, 1913.
The application will hc filed in thc oflice of
the Water Recorder at Victoria, B. C.
Objections may be filed with the said Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament liuildings,
Victoria, 11. C.
STEPHEN JONES.
Jan. 18 feb. 15
mi*p3c#rar
CHAS.PERDY, MGJf.
THEBESTOrEYEOTHING
INTBEffl^TOrTHECnT
135RoohsWithB\th-50Sahh£Roohs 1
Victoria Carnival
Week
Will   you  help   the   Victoria
Carnival Week, August 4th to
9th, 1913?   Write or phone the
Secretary—
214 Pemberton Bldg. Phone 620 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
11
it
Sotto Voce
The Week's Rumours and
Humours
(By The Hornet)
ff
That the Times' cartoon on "Me-
llhis'topheles to the Fore" is easily the
lest of its "Auntie" series.
* *   *
That if "Auntie" really has a "hoo-
|oo," there is no doubt about its
nitials being A. J. M.
* *   *
That the Colonist must be feeling
Iretty 'badly at having lost two muni-
|i*pai elections in one week.
* *   *
That it is quite right in attributing
loth defeats to "lack of public en-
Ihusiasm for the candidates."
That the city now knows the truth
[ibout Elk Lake, and it is depressing.
* *   *
That Smith's Hill Reservoir still
leaks.   Whatever is the matter?
* *   *
That the new civic committees are
fearfully  and  wonderfully  made.
That the slight to Alderman Porter
|s resented throughout the city.
* *   *
That the Mayor tried to lay the
blame on "Honest" John Meston, but
fo'hn denied the soft impeachment.
* *   *
That he also tried to blame Alder-
Inan Gleason, but the latter has been
pxonerated.
That it is easier to make entries in
little pocket-books than to convince
people that they are genuine.
* *   *
That the Arena management should
be willing to adopt several measures
tor the comfort and convenience of
Jheir patrons.
* *   *
That it would greatly add to the
Interest of the Championship matches
|f play-cards were on gift or sale.
That the anti-smoking ordinance
tmght to be strictly enforced* on the
grounds of comfort and safety.
* *   *
That ladies would greatly appreciate
Inore convenient and luxurious quarters during the public skating
sessions.
A Great
Special
for Saturday
and Mondav
Any Suit in
The Store,
Regular up
to $25, for
$14.75
Everything in the Store
with the exception of
collars, at reduced prices
The
Commonwealth
Home ol Hobberlin Clothes
606-608 Yates St.
Tailoring Branch at 720 Yates St.
That this is the weakest spot in the
.entire arrangements.
* *   *
That music should be provided at
tbe afternoon sessions.
* *   *
That these suggestions are made in
the interests of one of Victoria's most
popular institutions.
* *   *
That "Hornet's" tip about "Kid"
Scaler has turned out to be correct.
* *   *
That he walloped "Fighting Dick"
Hyland with a large margin to spare,
after fifteen rounds of strenuous
flighting.
* *   *
That this must be a great surprise
for those who have been sedulously
dubbing Scaler a "back number."
* *   *
That as soon as Bayley is in condition he is bound to give Scaler a
fight for the Championship, and will
be lucky if he pulls through.
* *   *
That there has been rather too
(much newspaper warfare about today's McKechnie Cup match.
* *   *
That while Vancouver is the last
,Club which should have made the protest, it was bound to be made by
someone.
* *   *
That it is about time the Victoria
Rugby Union was in a position to lay
the whole correspondence with the
English Rugby Football Union before the public.
* *   *
That the selection of Heinekey to
;succeed Ronald Gillespie as captain of
the Victoria team is the best that
could have been made.
* *   *
That the Victoria Septette of hoc-
keyists are pretty well assured of an
.Eastern trip.
* *   *
That Lester Patrick has "come
back" with a vengeance and played
the best game of any man on the ice
in the last match at the Arena.
* *   *
That he repeated his brilliant feat
,at Vancouver on Tuesday, and electrified the spectators.
* *   *
That the popularity of Mr. F. M.
Rattenbury, the new Reeve of Oak
Bay, was evidenced by the large percentage of voters who turned out.
* *   *
That the Colonist is quite right—
this is a good test.
* *   *
That Victorians will have the
opportunity of hearing the Hon. G.
E. Foster during his approaching visit.
* *   *
That two new members have already distinguished themselves in the
local Legislature, the member for Esquimalt and the member for Alberni.
* *   *
That both made admirable speeches
from the standpoint of conciseness,
intelligence and directness.
* *   *
That they will constitute a valuable
addition to the debating strength of
the House.
* *   *
That the Victoria police have not
been very successful in dealing with
the Mormon "evangelists."
* *   *
That these double-dyed hypocrites
are still pestering respectable women.
* *   *
That it is a mistaken policy to
handle vermin with gloves.
* *   *
That the English method of dealing With these undesirables might
with advantage be copied in Victoria.
* *   *
That an old proverb hath it "Hell
knows no fury like a woman scorned.''
* *   *
That modem experience can improve on this, "Hell knows no fury
like a woman found out."
* *   *
That it is about time the recommendation of the Municipal Commission with respect to the Stage Censor was put into effect.
* *   *
That if the Attorney-General has
any doubt about this he should visit
the Empress Theatre tonight.
That the "Sick Man" is, as usual,
dying hard, but he has "died" so
many times that it will be a puzzle
to know when he is really "dead and
done for."
* *   *
That as a champion bluffer he disputes the supremacy with Uncle Sam.
* *   *
That Secretary Knox has entered
the ranks of political bluffers, but
John Bull is still in the game.
* *   *
That the Colonist is quite right—
"the toast of the Press is always too
low down on the list to give the real
orator of the evening a chance."
* *   *
That under these circumstances is
it really worth while accepting invitations to banquets?
* *   *
That very 'few people are interested
in a "feast o'f reason" when there is
"a flow of bowl."
* *   *
That nothing more has been heard
of Colonel Sam's proposal to invite
the ladies to the Military Conference.
* *   *
That the condition of the American Army canteens under petticoat
government offers little encouragement for the policy.
* *   *
That at last the B. C. E. R. has
come through with the "goods"—a
terminal inter-urban station is something substantial.
* *   *
That "in London evening dress for
men is no longer de rigueur for the
theatre."
* *   *
That it is to be superseded by fancy
dress according to the ideas of the
wearer.
* *   *
That on the principle of coming
events casting their shad'ow before
Victorians have expected this for
some  time.
* *   *
That an original sample greatly affected the Ritz-ibilities of the ban-
quetters at a recent function.
* *   *
That "one may dissent from the
political views of Mr. Parker Williams, but it is impossible to deny
that he has the gift of—rumour."
* *   *
That the general public had no idea
that there were so many replicas of
the "Venus de Milo" in America.
* *   *
That the perfect type of beauty is
becoming so common that it will be
necessary to set a new standard.
* *   *
That it would be quite easy to suggest a few measurements wdiich
would fit the "American beauty," but
they would not be the same as those
of the Venus.
That the Board of School Trustees
is to be congratulated on having once
more secured the invaluable services
of Mr. George Jay as Chairman.
For Supper no better place than the
Kaiserhof.
TO EXTEND PLANT
On Tuesday last Mr. Percy Watson of the Acme Press, Ltd., left for
a visit to the East on a trip w'hich
will combine business with pleasure.
The volume of work handled by this
progressive firm has grown so rapidly slince their removal into new quarters on View Street, that already an
extension in their plant is neces.-.ary,
and it is to secure this that Mr. Watson has left the city.
A CORRECTION
In the last issue of The Week reference was made to the new motor
truck which is in use by the Silver
Spring Brewery. By an error this
truck was described as being of the
"Pioneer" manufacture, whereas it is
in reality a "Peerless." Tbis make of
car is handled by the Vancouver Island Motor Company of this city,
through whom the truck was supplied
to the Silver Spring Brewery.
Imported German Beer ioc at the
Kaiserhof.
After Theatre—SUPPER AT THE
BALMORAL
- CAFE -
ORCHESTRA EVERY
EVENING 6.30 To 12.30
MR. M. NAGEL, MUSICAL DIR.
OPPOSITE THE
OPERA HOUSE
ON DOUGLAS STREET
The Best is None
Too Good
The Best is also the Cheapest—We
have the best in Surveyors',
Cruisers' and Hunters' High Top
Boots. They come in black and
tan and are made ot the best leather
obtainable and by the best worn-
men in the land. These lines are
from such well known manufacturers as Florsheim, Slater, Copland Ryder, and Nolan, Earl,
makers   of    the    Petaluma    Boot.
Ask to see the Jefferson Boot.
W. Cathcart &
Company
PEMBERTON   BUILDING
631 FORT ST.
The Union Steamship Company, Ltd. of B. C.
The Boscowitz Steamship Co., Ltd.
COAST SERVICE
Sailings every Wednesday for Campbell River, Hardy Bay, Rivers
Inlet, Ocean Falls, Bella Coola.
Sailings every Saturday for Namu, Bella Bella, Skeena River,
Prince Rupert, Naas, Granby Bay, Stewart.
JOHN BARNSLEYl Agent,
Phone 1925. 1003 Government Street
JAMES BUCHANAN & CO., by Royal Appointment
Purveyors to H. M. King George the V. and the Royal Household.
Distillers of the popular
"Black & White" Scotch Whisky
Unsurpassed in Purity, Age and Flavor AU Dealers
Gluten Products
We always carry a complete line of, as recommended
by the Medical fraternity
Kellogg's 40% Gluten Biscuits, per packet 50c
"        4o7c     "      Flour, s-lb. sack  $1.60
"        4o7«     " "   30-lb. sack  $7.75
"        40%     " "   (bulk), per lb 30c
Brusson, Gluten Bread (15 loaves), per pkt $1.50
" "       Semolina      "       25
" "       Macaroni   .   .   .   .     "        50
" "       Noodles      "       25
", "       Pates      "       25
H. 0. Kirkham & Co., Ltd.
741, 743 745 FORT STREET
Grocery Store Butcher Shop Liquor Store
Tels. 178,179 Tel. 2678 Tel. 2677
Raphael Tuck's Cards and Calendars
Finest in the World~7Vow on Sale at
Victoria Book & Stationery Co., Ltd.
1004 Government Street Telephone 63 12
THE WEEK, SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913
A NATIONAL NAVY
Canada'sDuty to The Empire and
Herself
Canada crossed t'he Rubicon between Colonial and National status
when certain Treaty-making Powers
were conceded to her by Great Britain. With that event her outlook
changed, and her obligations, which
before had been somewhat ambiguous,
became pronounced and emphatic;
and a policy to assume obligations
should have been designed and promulgated with all possible celerity
compatible with the Dominion's position  and  the   Empire's   exigencies.
Canada Has Dallied
Unhappily, through circumstances
which we will not here recapitulate,
the Dominion has dallied with her
duty not only to herself but to the
Empire down to the present day;
and now we find ourselves confronted with a double complexity, an Empire and a National exigency in regard to the Navy Problem. The solution of that problem lay, and still
lies in keeping the two elements of
which it is composed absolutely clear
of each other; for their combination
can only serve to render confusion
worse confounded.
Mr. Borden, the Premier, had undoubtedly clarified views and pronounced opinions along these lines
when prior to and during the late
Dominion election he advocated a
Naval policy for this country not only
in opposition to the laisses-fairc tactics of Sir Wilfrid Laurier who admitted the obligations but would not
assume them, but also to the non
possumus attitude of those who, though
supporters of Sir Wilfrid in general,
repudiated the obligations in toto,
Over the mutually destructive arguments put forward by the two phalanxes of the Liberal party, Mr. Borden arid his supporters triumphed;
■and action succeeded to. inaction,
policy replaced persiflage;  and Cana
da's duty no less than her status became perfectly clear.
The question before us now is, how
best shall this duty be discharged and
this status maintained.
There Is Urgency
The first part of the recognized
obligation of Canada to the Empire
in respect of past evasions or deferred performances was intended to
be met by a spontaneous and un**
trammeled grant, or donation to the
Imperial Navy at this particular juncture when, even according to the
avowal and admission of Great Britain's most eminent and most trusted
statesmen of all parties, a real emergency exists calling for the prompt
co-operation of all parts of the Empire,
How the $35,000,000 proposed to be
voted by Canada for the purpose of
providing three Dreadnoughts became
encumbered with clauses and conditions whicii veritably converted the
intended gift of the money into a loan
of the Dreadnoughts it is not our
intention here to enquire. It is sufficient that we have already entered
our protest against the changed complexion of the grant; and we are
consoled into acquiescence with the
reflection that the contribution, which
at all events is voluntary and spontaneous, will reach the hands of the
British Admiralty in good time for
the most advantageous expenditure
in augmenting the Fleet. We only
say this in further vindication of
pur    originally    expressed    views:—
A Loan Not a Gift
That whereas the absolutely free
contribution to the Imperial Authorities would have imperialized the
Fleet, and rendered Canada a partner
in it with an indubitable right to its
protection, the conditional grant or
loan still leaves the existing Fleet, so
far at least as Canada is concerned,
essentially the British. Fleet, the Fleet
of the United' Kingdom.
This distinction is by no means a
verbal one. It is fundamental and
vital; and at once it brings into prominence the other '■' element of the
■problem—the question of the future
pi this Dominion in regard to Naval
Defence.
This question has itself become urgent partly through the procrastinations, and the pettifogging pretence
of a Navy-nucleus by which Sir Wilfrid Laurier shirked the issue; partly
through the rapid growth and development of Canada, and partly through
the causes which havc compulsorily
.concentrated the British fleet in home
waters, or in the contiguous seas.
Canada's Menace
It is certain that if the British fleet
should ever be called upon to defend
itself, the assailant of it in home
waters will not be animated with the
desire or impelled by the motive of
invading or conquering the British
Isles. The object will be merely the
destruction of the fleet in order to
invade and capture some of the oversea states of the Empire. The
menace which has created the emergency 'of the Admiralty at the present
juncture arises from the abnormal development of the navy of the German
Empire; and as that country since its
consolidation has more than quadrupled its all-world Commerce, and
more than doubled its population, it
js certain that the acquisition of new
territory is the primary aim and object with which the Empire is expending such vast sums upon its navy.
(Neither the maritime nor the territorial boundaries warrant it. If new
.territory 'be the quest, and if, per-
adventure, 'the German fleet passed
/triumphant from the North Sea and
,0ther European* waters, what richer
spoil could be sought than the Dominion of Canada? That issue while affecting the whole Dominion, speaks
.emphatically to the Atlantic seaboard.
But we can only, here, moot the point
and pass on;  for that is not all.
British Columbia Defenceless
British Columbia is' the frontier
.guardian of this Dominion on the
.Pacific Coast;'arid we are utterly unprotected from " any ■ attack which
might be made from more than one
.quarter in the event of Great Britain
being concerned in a life and death
struggle. The formulation therefore
of that part of Mr. Borden's policy
^which relates to the future is urgent;
and it should be framed so as to secure the permanent location of an
ample fleet unit in Pacific waters
along the Coasts of this Province.
How is this to be accomplished except by a regular annual contribution
to the British Navy—a contribution'
which, by the way, will not only secure as a matter of favour but as a
right, a real partnership in the navy
and the protection we require from it?
A corresponding fleet, though it is
not so urgent, should lie along the
Atlantic Coast.
A Canadian Navy
With these Naval forces on Canada's Coasts, the Government could
not even then lapse into lethargy and
coniplaisancy. Its greatest work still
.would lie ahead. But in the consummated part of a great policy would
lie the potentials for evolving a real
Canadian Navy in consonance with
the highest ideals and ambitions of
the Canadian people. This glorious
achievement, which while in no way
.antagonistic to Empire solidarity, appeals to every man imbued with the
.noble sentiment of patriotism; and
.particularly to those who apprehend
the fact that the British Empire cannot be anything in the nature of a
.Confederation, but must be ultimately
a co-ordination of Nations. Nationhood, therefore, is the first goal of
Canada; and it is a goal that cannot
be reached' except upon lines of self-
support arid defence. Before its attainment a considerable period must
$ lapse, a period full of activity, energy
and patriotic devotion. These should
be founded upon and guided by the
policy which, with all compatible
speed  and in the amplest  form,  we
ieel it is iricuhiben't upon Mr. Bordei|
to propound,
• Artful Tactics   '.
.   We do riot say or contend that hi
should be'.■•harried into■._indiscreet ol
half digested declarations by the art]
ful tactics of Sir Wilfrid. Laurier wh-|
now pretends to be burning with zea^
to construct a Canadian Navy, aftej
his own many years of mastery
Ottawa and of absolute indifferenc
to the project, until harassed by th|
annual discussions raised by the Coi
,servative  party  on   the   subject h
finally adopted the resolution of M
.George E. Foster, and with a verb;
amendment carried it.    This chang
,of attitude which had become inevi
,able in consequence of the part whic
Australia  and  other  sections  of th
.Empire had been playing in the d
.rection of Naval contributions,, con
.mitted  Canada to  some  kind  of  a
advance.
Laurier's Nucleus
But so far as Sir Wilfrid Laurie
was concerned it was a reluctant ad
vance; and this is shewn in the pre
text for the nucleus of a Navy pr<
vided by him in the form of the tw
cruisers with which we are familia
Puerile and inefficient as these wer
they satisfied his patriotic ardour
the time, and well may we be as
tounded at the glow of his preset
enthusiasm for the prompt formul;
tion by Mr. Borden of a large an
comprehensive scheme of Navy d(
fence and National Navy expansiol
While we say to Mr, Borden "fettk
lente," we urge the necessity of cOi
tinuous advance, for the way is lon
and beset with many barriers. Tha
it can be traversed, however, there i
no doubt, and it is certain that i
setting out upon it Mr. Borden wi
have the endorsation of the Canadia
people.
Fleet Unit on the Pacific
The stages we have already ind'
cate'd, and the first of them is the pel
inanent location of a full Fleet unit o
the Pacific. With this secured we ca
proceed to evolve a scheme of Natiot
hood, and of a great co-ordinated En
pire  to whicii  every patriot aspire
Rare Assembly of New Grandfather
Clocks on Our Third
Floor
Considerable attention of visitors to our Furniture Department is being
attracted by the artistic array of Grandfather Clocks which came in a couple
of days ago. Several have the Westminster chimes which strike every quarter
hour. Mahogany cases $225 and $400; mahogany cases without the chimes,
$75, $100 and $125.  Early English cases $50 and $100; Golden Oak cases $55.
Whether you intend purchasing or not, come in and see them—they are
fully worth your attention.
VICTORIAS
POPULAR
HOME
FURNISHERS
THE STORE THAT SAVES YOU MONEY
WEILER BROS, Limited
VICTORIA'S
POPULAR
HOME
FURNISHERS
■MM

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