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BC Historical Newspapers

Week Feb 1, 1913

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 Telephone 3412
J. VV. Wright, Manager
Vancouver Island
Collection Agency
30Q-3IO-3II Hiliben-Boni Bldg
Government Street
Victoria Carnival Week- August 4 to 9,1913
The Week
A Britisb Columbia Newspaper and Review.
Published at Victoria. B. e.
Wellington Colliery
Company's Coal
1232 Gov't St.
Telephone 83
t Vol. X.   No
Tenth Year
Tenth Year
One Dollar Per Annum
"No policy will be satisfactory to the
people of British Columbia which does
not include a substantial and prompt
• OME RULE—The House of Lords
has rejected the Home Rule Bill by
a majority of 257. The division
l/as on party lines and was entirely in
Iccordance with anticipation. The debate
licked enthusiasm and even interest, large-
■/ because the result was a foregone con-
llusion. Neither in the Commons nor in
lie Lords was there any of the excitement
[nd passion which marked the memorable
lebates of 1885 and 1886. Many reasons
jiight be assigned for this, but probably two
Iflfer a sufficient explanation. The lapse of
■early thirty years has toned down the
Isperities of those days ancl has familiarized
lie public mind with the salient features of
Iome Rule. The battle of 1885-6 was
liught out on Separatists' lines; the sinister
Igure which was conjured up before the
lublic eye by Unionist orators was a dismembered Empire. On the other hand,
Inpassioned Irishmen, like T. P. O'Connor,
Irew pictures of evictions, heartless landlords, oppression and cruelty, which drew
jars from their own eyes as well as from
lose of their hearers. The day of hearths cruelty and conscienceless eviction has
lissecl. To-day the strongest plea of the
[nti-Home Ruler is "Fair Play for Ulster,"
1 plea, which, if none the less potent in the
lorth of Ireland and among Orangemen
liroughout the world, is neither as broad
lor as effective in its appeal to the nation.
Ind then the Home Rule campaign of 1913
liisses the majestic and dominating figure
If Mr. Gladstone, who was not only the life
lid soul of the movement, but whose splen-
lid passion in what he believed to be the
jiuse of humanity, aroused his countrymen
a fine frenzy. In 1913 it is more a
latter of politics and administration than
If principle or policy. The end is not yet
[id interest now centres on the probable
•tion of Mr. Asquith. He must either fol-
|*w the humdrum course of passing the
Tome Rule Bill three times in the Com-
jons in three separate sessions of Parliament, when it will become law, or he must
l.peal to the country. The latter would be
le courageous and the more constitutional
lurse, although it cannot be argued that it
lould be unconstitutional to follow the for-
jer, since both the Lords and Commons
live legislated to make such a course pos-
[ble. When all is said and done a subject
r" such importance and one which rent not
[ily the Liberal Party but the country in
Ivain, one on which Ulster feels so strongly
|id which after all is intimately bound up
J ith the future welfare of the Empire,
liould not be finally settled by any mere
Jgislative machinery devised to overcome
la "impasse" but in the good, old-fashioned,
jritish method of submission to the elec-
]>rate. There are many reasons in favour
If this course, and hardly any against it.
If the constituencies do not pronounce on
[Iome Rule, the Upper House will always
le in a position to say that the country
las not endorsed it, and no measure of
such supreme importance should be passed
without specific endorsement. Such an
appeal would probably not involve delay,
because it is more than likely that within
the two years which would be necessary
to bring it into operation by purely mechanical means a general election would in
the ordinary course of events be due.
There are no indications that Mr. Asquith
contemplates an immediate appeal and the
probability is that he will allow matters to
drift, at any rate until the Party Ship is
nearer the rocks than it is to-day. There
are at least two reasons why The Week is
convinced that the electorate will never endorse a Home Rule Bill such as Mr. Asquith
has put through the Commons. The first is
that it will not be willing to antagonize
Ulster to the extent involved,and the other
is that the enormous financial burden imposed on England by the measure will never
willingly be assumed by the people.
quith's Government has abandoned
the clauses proposed to be introduced into the Franchise Bill which would
have extended the suffrage to women. It
is not necessary to speculate as to what
might have happened if this course had not
been followed, since it was due to a ruling
of Mr. Speaker, but there is plenty of room
to doubt whether the clauses would have
passed the House in view of the fact that
even the Cabinet was divided and the voting
would not have been upon strictly Party
lines. The subject is one of world-wide
interest ancl it presents many perplexing
features. It is a cause which has secured
the support ancl indeed the life work of
some of the best of women, women to whom
no one would willingly refuse any privilege
granted to the other sex. Without going
into the many questions of principle involved, there have always seemed to The
Week to be two unanswerable objections
to Woman's Suffrage. The one is that the
demand is based on the supposition of the
equality of the sexes, whicii is a false assumption. The other is that the methods
adopted by the militant suffragettes on the
pretext that what they really want is the
franchise, are such as to alienate all sympathy and to demonstrate their unfitness to*
receive what they ask for. The Week does
not believe, and never has believed, that they
really want the suffrage; it regards this as
a mere subterfuge; but let that pass. The
question of the .moment is not shall the
women have the suffrage, but how shall the
vagaries of the militant suffragettes be met.
It is difficult to discuss this subject with
calmness, especially in view of the outrages
perpetrated daily by the shrieking sisterhood. It is probable that everyone could
suggest a remedy except those who have
to deal with the situation. That the British
Government has shown the utmost leniency
cannot be denied, in fact most people think
that this continued leniency is largely responsible for the continui.nce of the outrages. It is rather anomalous that any
considerable section of public opinion should
demand strict enforcement of the law
against uneducated peasants who commit
technical breaches not involving criminality,
but should defend suspension of legal punishment for highly educated and presumably civilized women who openly flout the
law ancl commit dangerously criminal acts.
The militant suffragettes are not labouring
under any disability which legislation could
remove. Public opinion has yet to travel a '
long way before it would sustain a Government in legislating for their actual needs.
Meanwhile, they will have to be restrained,
for neither life or property are safe. It
is not for the public but for the Government ancl those charged with the administration of the law to see that it is obeyed,
and it may yet happen that the impotency
of the Liberal Administration in this re
spect may lead to their downfall. In Canada the problem has not become acute and
it is to be hoped that the presence of one
or two militant suffragettes will not so
complicate matters as to prevent a fair consideration of the question. Of one thing
they may rest assured, that any attempt to
proceed beyond fair argument will bring
about a revulsion of public feeling which
will defeat their object more effectually than
the bitterest campaign of their opponents.
many important pieces of legislation
for whicii the Attorney-General is
responsible it is doubtful if any one will do
more good, or be attended by results more
far-reaching, than the Firearms Act now
before the local Legislature. This is one
of those practical measures which ignores
sentiment and deals in a thorough, logical
and cold-blooded manner with a public
nuisance. The Week has not collected
statistics on the subject, but is certain that
any correct return of the number of crimes
in British Columbia due to the use of a
deadly weapon would account- for a very
large percentage. It is equally certain that
most crimes of violence are committed by
the aid of weapons which it should be illegal
to possess. In this Province, and most certainly in the cities, there is not the slightest
necessity to carry firearms or other offensive
weapons. It is not certain that greater
danger does not result from those who carry
them without intending to use them than
from those who carry them for the purpose
of. using them. Many a man who carries a
revolver on the off chance that he may be
assailed and require it for self-defence, has
been tempted to use it in a moment of anger,
with disastrous and often with fatal results.
An Act whicii precludes the purchase of
firearms and other deadly weapons
without specified authority will eliminate
this source of danger from the community. Then there are two other classes
of people who carry deadly weapons; the
professional thug, hold-up man, or burglar,
of whose stock in trade a revolver is naturally a part; and the man of foreign nationality, whose custom it is to wear a dagger
in his boot and to draw it on the slightest
provocation. No one can for a moment put
up a plea in defence of these people. The
first are notorious law-breakers, who arc
too cowardly to work without their gun
and if deprived of it will probably abandon
their calling, at any rate in British
Columbia. The other class should be deprived of weapons for its own good as well
as for the general safety of the people.
That the thoroughness of the Act would
strike at the root of the evil is shown in the
power of search which it confers on the
authorities and in prohibiting the sale of
weapons except by order. The passing of
this Act will render the Province safer to
live in; it should practically banish thugs,
and reduce to a minimum those tavern
brawls in which the hot-blooded aliens from
Southern Europe so often take part and
which end up with a stabbing affray. The
Attorney-General deserves the thanks of the
Province for a sane, thorough ancl eminently
practical measure.
Public School-boys Association of
British* Columbia held its annual
dinner at the Empress Hotel recently. The
attendance, though not large, was representative ancl influential. With Mr. Clive
Phillipps Wolley in the chair, and the Very
Reverend, the Dean of Columbia and Air.
W. Ti. Hayward, M. P. P., among the
speakers, it could not be otherwise. Thc
organization is an excellent one, but it is
not hypercritical to speak of it as being
deficient in activity. As a matter of fact
the public is only made aware of its existence when the members foregather at the
annual dinner. One cannot help feeling that
much good might be done in the way of
maintaining British ideals, both in public
and private life, if the members met more
frequently and if the Committee of the Association devised some means by which it
could take part in public affairs. It need
not necessarily do this as a solidarity, but
every Old Public School-boy ought, by reason of his opportunities ancl experiences, to
be a centre of influence and a power for
good. He should be able to infuse the
leaven of sweet reasonableness into the
turmoil and strife of political life; he
should be able to plead at all times for the
maintenance of high standards and for the
. elimination of those objectionable features
whicii render public service so nauseous to
many of our best men and keep them from
discharging their duties as citizens. It is all
very well to meet once a year for purposes
of conviviality, but at the best that is a
selfish enjoyment and one which fails to
recognize the obligation which rests upon
a Public Schoolman more certainly than on
any other man in the community. The Association suffered an irreparable loss during last year in the death of its esteemed
President, the late Mr. C. E. Pooley, and
for nine months of the year was without a
President. Colonel Hobday has been appointed to the vacant office; he is a gentleman qualified in every respect to (ill the
position and will do so with dignity ancl
ability. The Week would respectfully direct his attention to the possibilities for doing goocl which offer to a Public Schoolmen's Association and trusts he will see his
way to embark on some scheme which will
make its influence effective.
THE Y. W. C. A.—The Week is informed that no settlement of Miss
Mesher's claim for $75 for loss of
baggage has yet been made by the Y. W.
C. A. It is informed further that the management has repudiated its liability. On
the facts which were published in Thc
Week such repudiation is nothing short of
dishonesty ancl in spite of the fulsome paragraphs whicii have recently appeared in the
press as to the excellence of the management of this institution, the public will retain a very bad impression of a very discreditable incident. The Week showed that
the matron of the Y. W. C. A. had accepted
the custody of Miss Mesher's baggage; had
left it in the hall instead of storing it in a
place of safety, and had refused to make
restitution when it was stolen. Miss Mesher
lost practically her whole wardrobe and
one can imagine what her position would
have been if, instead of having a father in
the city to look after her, she had been a
stranger who had just arrived here without
a friend to help her. It is obvious that
she would not have found that friend in
the V. W. C. A.
HON. G. E. FOSTER—As announced
in the daily press the Over-Seas
Club has been su* cess ful in securing
a promise from the Hon. G. E. Foster. Minister of Trade and Commerce, lo address a
mass meeting in Victoria on the evening of
Tuesday, February 18th. The meeting is
under the auspices ofthe Over-Seas Club
ancl has been arranged in order to furnish
an opportunity to hear probably the ablest
platform speaker in the Dominion on Imperial issues. Air. Foster's political opponents, no less than his friends, will admit
that there is no man better worth hearing
on this great subject. Whatever one may
think of the policy which he supported, it
cannot bc denied that his speech in the
I louse of Commons on thc Morden Navy
Bill was the most brilliant in his career ancl
one of the finest orations ever delivered in
I have frequently heard it stated
that if a person stands or lounges
around on the Causeway long enough,
he will see everyone he ever knew
come across at some time or another.
This may or may not be true. It certainly is true that Victoria is more
and more becoming the dropping-off
place for all people who suffer from
that most delightful insect, the travel-
bug, and old acquaintances from all
over the earth are perpetually turning
up at unexpected times. I was pondering over this the other morning when
coming down in a car and I couldn't
help observing the speech of a couple
of my neighbours. They were so distinctly Cockney. As everyone knows,
there is a homely smack about the
Cockney dialect which appeals to
every Englishman, whether he himself
was born within sound of Bow Bells
or not, and my heart warmed within
me as I listened to their conversation.
I positively palpitated with glees when
one addressed the other thus: "Where
are yer goin' ter shaike tbe dust?" To
which the other responded: "Oh, I
guess when we come to Yaites." Notice the acquisitive faculty betrayed
by the use of the word "guess" and
the complete disdain for the harmonies shown by coupling it to the Cockney twang. The conductor apparently noticed my interest, for as I was
getting off he told me that the number of genuine Cockneys in town was
increasing rapidly, at least that he
gathered that this must be the case
as he had so many of them as passengers.
* *   *
I wonder how many people have
noticed the terrible distress under
which the horses employed in clearing the foundations of the new opera
house at the corner of Blanchard and
Broughton Streets have had to work
of late. Whatever the number of people who have observed with sympathy the condition of affairs prevailing there, the S. P. C. A. has apparently kept its eyes closed. Early this
week a lady who has frequently seen
the horses up to their bellies in mud
striving to gain a foot-hold on the
slippery incline, stated that she saw
the carters lashing the unfortunate
animals when in this predicament. She
reported the matter to her husband
and as he was well aware of the state
of the ground in that spot he rang
up the Secretary of the S. P. C. A.
He received little satisfaction. He
was curtly asked over the telephone
whether it was a complaint he wished to make, and when he replied that
of course it was, he was briefly referred to the Inspector and was given
the house number of the latter. Now
it is a fact that the Inspector has
been out of town for some time; his
departure was noted in the daily
papers and the Secretary must have
been perfectly aware of this. And yet
he referred the complainant to an absentee. This reads badly. During Inspector Russell's absence complaints
addressed to his house are referred
to the police. Why then did not the
Secretary say so? Why did not the
Secretary eagerly make a note of the
complaint and in the absence of his
Inspector attend to the matter himself. Echo feebly answers "Why?" I
am not a supporter of female suffrage, but I have heard that in Seattle it has been a woman who has
done a man's part in relieving the
sufferings of dumb animals. I am told
that she has championed their course
through thick and thin. Let it not be
said that a woman will have to come
to the rescue in Victoria. The S. P.
C. A. is a magnificent institution and
T have always understood that it has
received support from the citizens of
Victoria.   It must not be allowed to
become moribund
* #   *
Victoria is rapidly becoming well
supplied with hotels. Last year there
were times when the tourist arriving
on the crowded boat was hard put to
it to find a bed wherein he could rest
his weary head. The wise man had
to reserve his rooms before-hand. I
have heard tales of hotels filled up
with every available space utilized as
temporary bed-rooms. It is therefore
gratifying to be able to record the
fact that hotel accommodation is
largely on the increase in our city
and every year sees further steps being taken in the way of making Victoria not only a "city of homes," but
a city of hotels also. The latest addition to the hostelries of the capital
is the St. James Hotel on Johnson
Street. Now that it has been definitely decided that the new bridge will
start from the foot of Johnson Street,
this will soon become one of the most
important thoroughfares in the city.
Within a short time we shall see the
destruction of Lower Johnson Street
as it stands today and a new and reformed Johnson Street rising
Phoenix-like from out the debris. The
new hotel has therefore been situated
in an ideal location for the traveller.
It is spacious and possesses 102 outside rooms, each room containing a
telephone. The furnishing of these
rooms is a work of art and in order
to make every room a sitting-room as
well as a bedroom, disappearing beds
have been installed. There is an abundance of hot and cold water laid on
and in addition to the bathrooms on
every floor, twenty of the bedrooms
have private baths attached. When,
in conclusion, it is stated that the
hotel is absolutely fireproof, it will be
realized that the St. James Hotel is a
most welcome addition to our city.
*   *   *
Some little time ago I asked in
these columns how the mere man or
woman was supposed to attract the
attention of the motorneer if the
street was dark and he or she desired
to board the car. This question has
at length been answered, and the answer is so very simple that I am at a
loss to see why I could not have
thought of it for myself. All that is
necessary is for the waiting party to
strike a match, whereupon the enthusiastic motorneer heaves a sigh of
relief and says to himself that here at
least there is one sensible person in
the community. As I have said, I
should have thought of this for myself. But when all is said and done,
even this solution offers a difficulty.
It may suffice to dispel the anxiety of
the tobacco-loving male, but how does
it help the woman in the case or the
man who is still holding fast to his
New Year resolutions and has eschewed the beloved weed? Few women carry matches, and amongst men
only the smokers. I beg to suggest,
therefore, that the B. C. E. R. places
in position a match-box at every dark
corner on their routes, so that those
amongst the community who are
matchless and desirous of stopping a
street car after dark may do so at the
expense of the company. I consider
this a brilliant idea and make no
charge for putting it forward. Incidentally, I see where, if it be carried
into effect, there will always be a
ready supply of matches for a tobacco-loving
P.S.—Safety    matches    should    be
Roy's   Art   Glass   Work*   ind   Here
915 Pandora St.,  Victoria, B. C.
Albert F. Roy
Over   thirty   years'  experience   in
Art  Glau
Sole manufacturer of Steel-Cored Lead
tor Churches, Schools, Public Buildings and private Dwellings. Plain aad
Fancy Glass Sold. Sashes Glazed by
Contract.    Estimates    free.    Phone 594
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the undersigned and endorsed "Tender for Gasolene
Dredge Tender," will be received at this office
until 12 o'clock noon on Saturday, February
16th, 1913, for the construction of a Gasolene
Dredge Tender for use in British Columbia.
Plans, specifications and form of tender may
be obtained at the office of W. Henderson,
Esq., Resident Architect, Victoria, B.C.; at the
office of C. C. Worsfold, Esq., Resident En-
pinecr, New Westminster, B. C., and also at
thc office of the undersigned, Room 40, Post
Office Building, Vancouver, B. C.
Persons tendering are notified that tenders
will not be considered unless made on forms
supplied and signed with their actual signatures, stating their occupation and place of
residence of each member of the firm.
The Department does not bind itself to
accept the lowest or any tender.
Acting Superintendent of Dredges,
Department of Public Works,
Vancouver,   B. C.
February ist, 1913.
N.B.—Newspapers will not be paid for this
advertisement if  they  insert  it  without  authority  from  tbe Department,
feb. 1 feb. 8
Chas. Pemy, urn
Season  1912-1913
The   following   Official   League
Games   will   be   played in    the
"Arena,"     Victoria,    B. C,     as
scheduled below:
Dec. 13—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Dec. -17—Vancouver   vs. Victoria.
Jan.   9—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Jan.  17—Vancouver   vs. Victoria.
Jan. 31—Westminster vs. Victoria.
Feb. 11—Vancouver   vs. Victoria.
Feb. ai—Westminster vs. Victoria.
March 4—Vancouver vs. Victoria.
Matches start at 8.30 p.m.
The   "Bridle   Cup"—WHITE
Canadian Representative, 3 Front St. £., Toronto
HOSE & BROOKS CO., LTD., VANCOUVER, Distributors for B. C.
Carnegie s Swedish
Brewed in Gothenburg; a pure
malt beverage which carries a
national guarantee of excellence
as a healthful stimulant.
Wholesale Agents for B. C.
Victoria        Vancouver        Nelson
Every House-Keeper should Make a
Point of Visiting—
There are many remarkable offers
of many remarkable fabrics and
we want vou to share in them.
739 Yates Street
Telephone 1391 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
"The Confession"
|)n Wednesday last Messrs. Harry
|and Aubrey Mittenthal, the manag-
directors of the Confesision Com-
Jiy (Inc.) presented "The Confes-
fi." by James Halleck Reid, before
lartially filled house at the Victoria
"eatre. "The Confession" is, I sup-
Je, a religious play* possessing a
|_d moral uplift. There is a strong
liperance lecture in the first act and
lowerful disquisition on mother love
lthe last; a small hunch-backed boy
|rs his prayers at appropriate inter-
and vows that he will never touch
lisky, and a French-Canadian gains
Ivation before his death. And yet
|spite of all these "moral upliftings"
play itself, as presented at the
btoria Theatre last Wednesday, was
fowling farce. There were only two
tors in the company; George Man-
towns in the extreme east, and that
they are successful is shown by the
laughter and applause that is freely
bestowed by the audience. There are
also many impressive scenes in the
play, the curtain of the first act, the
lighted church, the tones of the organ and the singing of the congregation, being more than ordinarily effective.
Next week Manager Williams will
offer the play made famous by Miss
Maxine Elliott, and Nat Goodwin, entitled "When We Were Twenty-One."
This play needs very little comment,
ranking as it does amongst the very
best dramatic offerings. It is full of
light and shade, comedy of a high
class, with here and there, a touch of
pathos. It calls for artistic work, and
the stage manager is bestowing more
than ordinary attention on the numer-
playlets which are to be seen on this
circuit. There is nothing in it, either
in plot or presentation. Richard Burton is a clever monologuist with a
very fair singing voice, who delights
in treading tbe narrow path on the
border-line. He is sufficiently clever to
make his repertoire amusing; if he
were not so funny he would be vulgar. It is a pity, however, that he
chooses to close his turn with a perfectly unnecessary account of an uninteresting dream which he suffered
apparently in Australia, As a monologuist with a fund of stories and an
inimitable way of telling them, he is
a success; as a modern Joseph, or
dreamer of dreams he is a bore. Artie
Nelson and Miss Floye, who open the
programme, are a couple of sufficiently capable entertainers who dance ancl
"The  Versatiles,"  at the   .'ictoria  Theatre,   February 3rd, 4th and 5th
jig as    the    French-Canadian    was
lod, as was  C.  H.  Blackburn,  the
lunsel for the defence. The rest of
company were beneath contempt,
chard Sterling, the priest without a
|isure, who took the principal part,
most unconvincing and appeared
lually ready to bestow a stilted sym-
Ithy on his heart-broken mother or
I display an amused and patronizing
norance of slang to    the    rescued
lowery boy. William Ingram betray-
much unconscious humour by his
litude on the bench, whilst Daniel
lirrison, detective and officer of the
Iv, was a "scream."   Like so many
|.ys of similar character, "The Con-
sion" when subjected to the treat-
|nt bestowed upon it by the com-
liy which visited Victoria this week,
pomes a mere burlesque. It is un-
lely that it could ever command relict even if it were presented by real
hors and actresses. It is certain that
Jnever will if it  continues  in    the
lnds of barn-stormers.
Princess Theatre
J'The Shepherd of the Hills" is giv-
I? great satisfaction this week and
laying to excellent business. The
lay gives the members of the com-
| ny a great chance at types of char-
l.ters as they are displayed in small
ous details necessary for bringing out
the different characters. Being a society drama, it allow*; of pretty dressing and scenic effects. Miss Page will
play the pan of Phyllis, which was
specially written for Maxine Elliott,
and the remainder of the cast have
especially good part?. "When We
Were Twenty-One" will run all week,
and should please every intelligent
lover of the drama.
The Empress Theatre
There are two good turns at the
Empress Theatre this week, one of
which is superfine. The Four Lukens
present a trapeze act which is well
worth seeing. Some of their work is
thrilling and the climax is great. It is
often to be noticed that the Sullivan
& Considine circuit seems to specialize in this particular species of
performance and the Lukens are stars
amongst many constellations in this
sphere. The De Michelle Brothers,
who immediately precede the Lukens
on the programme, are clever musicians whose ragged attire consorts ill
with their genius, but gains them the
quaint name of "The Comical Wops."
Exactly what a "wop" is, remains open
to doubt, but if all wops can play as
well as the De Michelles, they must
be very gifted persons. "The New
Alderman," a one-act comedy presented by Lawrence & Edwards, proves to
be one of the silliest of the many silly
The Crystal Theatre
The management of the Crystal
Theatre is to be congratulated on the
novelty of a turn provided for the
vaudeville portion of their programme
during the first three days of the current week. Two Russian dancers were
to be seen at the Broad Street house
whose terpsichorean vagaries were
such as to arouse the enthusiasm of
the audience. These departures from
the staid routine of vaudeville acts are
exceedingly welcome and go far to
enhance thc already swollen popularity O' fthe Crystal Theatre.
Romano's Theatre
Romano's is becoming noted for the
length of the show which is given
there every day and all day. A picture
show is usually to be reckoned as an
affair of an hour, but Romano's gives
full measure, pressed down and running over, and in consequence the
seeker for amusement gets nearly an
hour and a half's solid entertainment
at this house. There is invariably a
series of excellent Imp releases, and
this week the popular John Bunny of
the Vitagraph Co. was to be seen in
the dubious position of the wooer of
twin dames. He was as excruciatingly
funny as ever.
The Majestic Theatre
Biblical pictures are always popular
and for some reason lend themselves
most favourably to cinematographic
purposes. The story of Joseph in
Egypt was no exception to this rule
and patrons of the Yates Street house
found an  excellent reel dealing with
The Crystal Theatre
Broad Street
The Largest, Best Furnished and Most Comfortable Vaudeville and
Picture Theatre in the City.
Two Acts of Vaudeville, changing Mondays and Thursdays.   Four
Reels of, First Run Pictures, changing Monday, Wednesday
and   Friday.   The   Best  Music—three-piece
Orchestra—in the City.
The biggest Fan on the Coast, removing 37,000 cubic feet of air every
five minutes, insuring you fresh and cool air.
Hours:  Pictures from 1.30 to 5.30 and 6.30 to 11.00.
Vaudeville, 3.00 to 4.00 and 7.00 to 11.00.
this Bible story unfolded to their view
on Wednesday and Thursday last.
One of the most comic of the "Be-
delia" series was seen earlier in the
wek in a film which showed how the
master of the house ran the home.
The Versatiles to Return
After an eminently successful tour
of Canada The Versatiles will return
to Victoria next Monday, Tuesday
and Wednesday, Feb. 3, 4 and 5, presenting their latest and best offerings,
"The Eye Glass Club" and "In the
Camp-Fire's Glow," in the form of a
double bill. The performance opens
with "The Eye Glass Club," a dainty
little society musical comedy scena
with its action laid in a smart London
Club. This gives the four ladies of
the company unlimited scope for the
display of beautiful evening gowns,
while the gentlemen affect the full
dress with the red coat and satin vest.
The story of the play is bright and
witty and the characters are cleverly
drawn and artistically portrayed.
After a short intermission, during
which period Mr. Louis Vasco, the
celebrated cartoonist, will entertain
the audience with cartoon impressions
of themselves and several well known
characters, the second musical comedy
of the evening will be produced. This
is "In the Camp-Fire's Glow," a picturesque story of the Canadian frontier.
The company carry a beautiful setting for this piece and the costuming
is both attractive and correct in every
Lewis Waller in "A Marriage of Convenience."
The social prominence of the distinguished Englishman. Mr. Lewis
Waller, as well as that of his leading
woman, Miss Madge Titheradge, aside
from the delightful art of those players, will doubtless make the opening
performance of "A Marriage of Convenience," the smart French comedy
which Mr. Waller is using as his introductory production in Canada, an
event as brilliant as a first night in
either New York or London.
Mr. Waller, it is well known, is today England's matinee idol and in a
costume play of that delightful French
period of 1750 he will appear at his
best. "A Marriage of Convenience"
was first offered by this player in his
own theatre in London in 1903, having been adapted to the English stage
by Mr. Sydney Grundy from the
French of Alexander Dumas, and is
perhaps one of two of the most prominent successes in his repertoire. The
courtliness, the grace, the wit, the
manners of the time, make this play
a veritable delight, and it is probable
that it is not too much to say that
there is no actor on the English or
American stage who would be better
fitted to the part than Mr. Lewis Waller.
Mail orders are now being accepted
for the engagement, and from the list
of bookings already made, which list
by the way includes most of the prominent names of this city, the appearance here of Mr. Waller and his notable company will prove one of the
most delightful occasions of the year.
The engagement is for three nights,
Feb. 20, 21 and 22, at the Victoria
"Broadway Jones"
Geo. M. Cohan's latest play, "Broadway Jones," which has proved a sensation in New York will be the attraction at the Victoria Theatre, Feb.
"Broadway Jones" is positively the
best play Mr. Cohan has ever written
Princess Theatre
Forwrl, A.O.U.W. Hill
Cor. Yates & Blanchard Sts.
The Williams Stock Co.
Will Present
When We Were Twenty-One
Prices ioc, aoc and 30c
Matinees Wednesday ahd Saturday
10c and aoc
Curtain, 8.311 p.m. Matinees, 1.45
Reserved  Seats  on  sale  at   Dean   &
Hiscock's, cot.  Broad and Yates Sts.
Three  Times  Daily—3.00 p.m..
7.30 p.m., 9.00 p.m.
In Dances, Songs and Pianoisms
The  Herculean  Marvels
The Dapper Dancing Dandy
Cartoonist and Comedian
Victoria Theatre
Three Nights and Wednesday
Matinee, starting
Return of Victoria's Favorites
"The Versatiles"
In Their Recent Road Successes
All   new   Songs,   Costumes,   Scenery
and  Effects.
Prices: 25c to $1.   Seats now on sale.
Victoria Theatre
Tuesday, February 18th.
and Company
Box office opens Saturday, February
Uth. Mail orders now.
Prices: $1.00 to $3.00.
and it is doubtful if a better play has
ever been seen on Broadway. The
young author has put a touch of nature into his latest work that lives
long in the memory of the audience,
the comedy is clean and will appeal
to exery one. The plot is woven
around characters chosen from the
walks of every day life. It tells a true
story of how a pretty girl can inspire
the. spirit in a man to fight for his
rights and the people who love him.
Another full line of Delicatessen
has just been received from Milwaukee at the Kaiserhof. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
The Week
A Provincial Newspaper and Review
published every Saturday by
"The Week" Publishing
Company, Limited
Published  at   1208   Government  St.,
Victoria, B.C., Canada
Our Royal
By Bohemian
"What is the German fatherland?
What shores Can bound that mighty land?
No longer can the narrow Rhine
Germania's giant limbs confine."
The above lines, and many more,
were written by a would-be poet and
appeared in the Illustrated London
News about forty-two years ago,
when the German and French armies
were engaged in deadly combat, and,
as  the poet expressively phrased  it,
"Inch by inch and day by day,
lieleagured Paris wastes away."
The author was no friend of Germany and went on to argue that when
Bismarck, Moltke and William had
gone, there would be no one to lead
United Germany and the people would
then find that they had assumed "the
Prussian yoke."
Subsequent events have proved that
while this is partially true, the pessimistic outlook for a United Germany
has not been verified, and the grandson of William has shewn himself to
be a strong ruler, under whose masterful control the destiny of the German States has been unfolded and
developed to a degree hardly dreamed
of when the idea of consolidation entered the mind of the great statesman, the "Man of Iron."
The Kaiser Wilhelm has been
spoken of as the man with "the Mailed Fist," and he has justified the designation. That Mailed Fist seemed
never to be unclenched, it typifies the
aggressive, dominant, restless spirit
of the German people. Whatever else
the present Kaiser may be, he is a
man of tremendous force, who has always kept the Fatherland in the limelight and the rest of the civilized
world on the "qui vive," uncertain as
to his next move, but convinced that
it would be in the direction of
strengthening the great Confederation of States which he ruled.
Sometimes the yoke has chafed and
the social unrest in the German Empire has attained alarming proportions and has occasioned deep anxiety
to the Kaiser and his advisers. The
causes for this are not superficial.
Chief among them is the enormous
increase in population and until quite
recently the unfavourable conditions
which prevailed among the working
classes. Long hours and low wages
characterized employment in all German industries, and even today, although conditions have been ameliorated, the standard of living is far below that of other great industrial
Then there has always been a large
minority opposed to the militarism
which is such a predominant characteristic of the German policy, and
again, Germany has been for many
years, next to Russia, the favourite
haunt of the propagandists of Socialism and Anarchy.
But in spite of these disadvantageous features, the German Empire is
still as united as ever, indeed, it may
be said that cohesion has beep
strengthened and that whatever internal dissensions may threaten trouble'
at home, the Empire is a solidarity
when dealing with matters of foreign
policy; and whatever may be thought
of the Kaiser abroad, it must be admitted that at home he truly represents the spirit and the sentiment of
the Fatherland.
The safety valve for German expansion has been the emigration of
tens of thousands of the best German
people. They have gone into every
civilized country; they have largely,
thanks to their superior education at
home, followed commercial pursuits
and today they are a force to be reckoned with, especially in the New
World. He would be a bold man who
would attempt to appraise the extent
of German influence in the United
States. In banking, as well as in industrial circles, the German-American
occupies a prominent, not to say a
controlling, position.
This is less the case in Canada, and
yet throughout the Dominion in all
our large cities we meet with men of
German descent who have become
good Canadians and whilst advancing
their own interests, are contributing
to the prosperity of the country. They
are always peaceable, industrious,
frugal, law-abiding citizens; invariably
men of practical ideas; little given to
theorizing, and never losing sight of
"the main chance." It is safe to say
that there are no better settlers in
Canada, and yet the German is not
without ideals. His apparently cold,
phlegmatic nature covers a vein of
sentiment which is revealed on occasion.
Under the flag which protects him
and which today is the symbol of a
greater Empire than the one from
which he sprung, and whilst recognising its greatness and the wisdom
of the rule it typifies, he never forgets
the Fatherland, and, stranger still to
an outsider, he cherishes a profound
admiration and a deep affection for
the Kaiser. The man who has a forbidding aspect to other people possesses lovable traits and personal
charm for the German abroad, and
while he makes no ostentatious display of his regard for the monarch
whom he has left, he never forgets
that once a year the claims of tradition and patriotism demand some outward and visible sign of this inward
regard. This accounts for the German banquet given annually in Victoria by the Deutscher Verein.
Having attended three, I am entirely at a loss to say which was the
best, but I will say that our German
friends easily carry off the palm from
all other organizations in Victoria for
this class of entertainment. Under
the magic baton, or perhaps I should
say sword, of the respected Imperial
German consul, Herr Carl Loewenberg, resplendent in gold uniform and
breathing the martial spirit it is impossible for things to go wrong. For
the nonce he too is the monarch of
"the Mailed Fist," who rules his subjects not perhaps with a rod of iron,
but with a blade of steel.
President Kostenbader, who has
been the chief official of the Club for
three years, makes an admirable host.
The catering is unexceptionable and
the musical programme just about as
good as it could be. Altogether, the
guests of the Deutscher Verein who
are honoured with an invitation to
this delightful function have the time
of their lives once a year, and are
convinced that whatever matters of
politics or policy may separate the
two great nations, the Germans in
Canada are all "jolly good fellows."
Whatever else the Deutscher Verein may affect, it has certainly done
much to develop a kindler feeling
towards the Kaiser among those who,
despite adverse criticism, cannot forget that he is still our Royal Cousin.
At the Victoria Book and Stationery Co., 1004 Government
St., Victoria, B.C.:
"The Reluctant Lover," by
Stephen McKenzie.   $1.50.
"The Joyous Adventures of
Aristide Peyol," by Wm. J.
"The Street of the Flute-
Player," by H. De Vere Stack-
poole.   $1.25.
Literary Sphinxism
Written Specially for The Week
by J. Arthur Hill of
Bradford, Yorks
There sems little connection between a Texas drinking-saloon and
the elaborately-wrought, almost over-
civilized work of Browning and Meredith; yet to my mind this latter often
recalls the former. The reason of the
bizarre asociation lies in an old and
crusted chestnut which everybody
knows: the yarn, namely, about a
placard being displayed, inscribed:
"Don't shoot; the pianist is doing his
I agree that if a man is doing his
best, his audience ought, in common
humanity, to restrain as far as possible any violent or hasty manifestation
of its perhaps natural and almost excusable feelings. It ought not to
shoot. But—to return from Texas to
civilization and literature—I confess
to a sort of feeling that wilfully obscure writing, if really wilfully obscure,
furnishes almost sufficient ground for
a verdict of justifiable homicide. Next
to having something to say, the chief
duty of any writer is lucidity. If he
fails to give us this, we are swindled
out of valuable time, and put to a
needless amount of brain-cudgelling.
Probably, however, the two chief
Sphinxes of the nineteenth century
did not perpetrate their mystifications
deliberately. They had delicate, subtle, rapid minds; probably they filed
and polished a great deal, before publishing; and the result is a' too-great
degree of concentration, due to a cutting out of links which seem to the
writer commonplace and redundant.
He forgets that, without these links,
the reader cannot follow the chain of
thought; or may it not be that he
sometimes does realize it, but says to
himself, with a chuckle—as Goethe
said when Germany stood agape with
puzzlement at "Meister's Travels"—
"let 'em wrestle with it." There is
room for a little suspicion. For example:
"On the throne Success usurps,
You shall seat the joy you feel,
Where a race of water chirps,
Twisting hues of flourished steel."
That is iii Meredith's "Woods of
Westermain." I confess that it was
only after some struggle that I paraphrased the verse as follows: "True
joy is that which you feel in presence of simple yet beautiful natural
sights; it is not in worldly prosperity.
As when you joyfully contemplate a
swirling brook, throwing steely reflections from its ripples and eddies."
I think I have got it right, but am
not. sure. And, anyhow, the farfetched imagery is inapt: "hues" suggests too much colour for "steel," and
"twisting" is a misfit also. I am
somewhat comforted to note that I
am at least partially backed up, as to
this verse, by Mr. G. M. Trevelyan in
"The Poetry and Philosophy of
George Meredith"—an admirable* and
very helpful book.
As to Meredith's prose, no one can
deny its compelling charm, except
perhaps at its very darkest. When
just within the limits of comprehensi-
bility, it flatters; for, after interpreting a paragraph, one cannot help complacently thinking what an amazingly
clever fellow one must be, to understand such things.   For example:
"Commonly he was too hot with his
business, and airy fancies above it,
when crossing the bridge, to reflect
in freshness on its wonders; though
a phrase could spring him alive to
them; a suggestion of the Foreigner,
jealous, condemned to admire in despair of outstripping, like Satan
worsted; or when a Premier's fine inflation magnified the scene at City
banquets—exciting while audible, if
a waggery in memory; or when England's cherished Bard, the Leading
Article, blew bellows, and wind primed the lieges."
That is when Victor Radnor crosses
London Bridge in "One of Our Conquerors." Very characteristic and very
fine is also the picture of the river:
"Down went the twirling horizontal
pillars of a strong tide from the
arches of the bridge, breaking to wild
water at a remove; and a reddish
Northern cheek of curdling pipeing
East, at shrilly puffs between the
Tower and the Custom House, encountered it to whip and ridge the
flood against descending tug and long
tail of stern-ajerk empty oarges; with
a steamer slowly nosing round off the
wharf-cranes, preparing to swirl the
screw; and half-bottom-upward boats
dancing harpooner beside their whale;
along an avenue, not fabulously golden, of the deputy masts of all nations, a wintry woodland, every rag
aloft curling to volume, and here the
spouts and the mounds of steam, and
rolls of brown smoke there, variously
undulated, curved to vanish; cold blue
sky ashift with the whirl and dash of
a very Tartar cavalry of cloud overhead."
This is very suggestive* of Ruskin
in his early period', when he could
write two hundred words without a
full stop, making his readers breathless with the pitiless sostenuto; but
it is quite comprehensible, and even
attractive in its novelty and in its
pictorial quality, for every touch is
felicitous. But it is not always so. For
instance, when a hesitating and dubious "yes" is meant, it is a little farfetched to say that "Skepsey toned
his assent to the diminishing thinness
where a suspicion of the negative begins to wind upon a distant horn."
This approaches an impish or insane
remoteness and abstruseness, purposely and half-satirically flung at us
to puzzle. And the mixture of "thinness" and horn-winding produces a
considerable sense of jumble. "Faint-
ness" would have been a better word
(Tennyson's "Horns of Elfland faintly blowing"—a beautiful line) but was
probably rejected as too obvious. A
subtle and sophisticated mind (shall
we instance, among moderns, Mr.
Chesterton?) is apt to develop a kind
of snobbishness, scorning the common usage because it is common and
not because it is bad; making unconventionally into a new convention,
and reaching a last state which is
worse than the first. Naturalness, even
if dull, is no vice: but artificiality, labouring for the striking new phrase,
is a deadly literary sin.
The  quatrain  from    Meredith    reminds me of a    similar    stanza   in
B.rowning, which I first saw in a quo
tation, and whicii utterly baffled me:
"Hobbs hints blue—straight he turtle eats;
Nobbs prints blue—claret crowns his cup.
Nokes outdares Stokes in azure feats—
Both gorge.   Who fished the murex up?
What porridge had John Keats?"
Without context or notes, that
verse sems to me quite senseless unless you know what "murex" is, which
I did not. However, with context and
notes the verse at once justifies itself.
It is packed with meaning—is indeed
an example of the suppression of all
unessentials, just now alluded to.
"Murex" is the mollusc from which
the famous Tyrian purple was obtained. Browning uses this "blue" as a
type of new styles in literature. The
introducer is before his time, astonishes and does not succeed. Then, the
spade-work having been done—the
public educated at least partly up to
appreciation — commonplace writers
step in and reap the benefits. Hobbs
and Nobbs luxuriate in turtle soup
and claret. Keats starved, or at best
had "porridge."
Apart from a few difficult places
of this kind, Browning is not really
obscure, except in "Sordello." This
astonishing production got him the
credit or discredit of being "obscure,"
and tbe bad name stuck, helped at
times, it may be admitted, by difficulties which certainly, like Hobbs and
Nobbs, required careful reading of the
context. But "Sordello"   .   .   .!
That was how it was received,—
speechlessly. When people found
their tongues, they said various things.
Carlyle wrote that his wife would like
to know whether Sordello was a man,
a city, or a book. Tennyson said—so
runs the story—that the only lines he
could understand were the first:
"Who will, may hear Sordello's story told,"
and* the last—
"Who would has heard Sordello's story told."
and that both were lies! But the stock
joke, as Mr. Chesterton remarks in
his "Robert Browning," is the one
about Douglas Jerrold. This latter
was recovering from an illness, and
happened to pick up "Sordello." After
reading a few lines, he became very
pale and put the book down. "My
God!" he said; "I'm an idiot. My
health is restored, but my mind is
gone. I cannot understand two consecutive lines of an English poem."
But he was reassured when other
members of his family tried in their
turn, and similarly failed* to pentrate
the great darkness.
Still, even "Sordello" is not altogether a hieroglyph. When once you
get into its style, it begins to be com
prehensible.  Piers  Plowman  says ,
"The more I  muse there-inne the mistie-J
■eemeth, I
And the deeper I devyne—the derker ml
but "Sordello" is not like that. Wrj
you have developed the necessary j
tellectual agility, and can swing yo|
self*   from   point  to  point   over
chams of a parenthesis several   hi
long; and when you have develon
intuition so that it can select the ril
"subject" for a relative pronoun wh|
would fit several equally well, and
proper application of w'hich* no moil
man can discover by the exercise!
mere normal faculties; when you hi
arrived at this (dear me, how imf
tious it is—this sentence really m|
be pulled up on its haunches or it
get quite out of hand) when you h
arrived at this, the rest is easy, ot
least comparatively so. Of course i
not quite as clear as "We Are Sevi
or "The Idiot  Boy," but then  th
latter—even if we indulgently refrl
from dubbing them "childish prattl
as Byron did—are admittedly almj
too     Allen—and.— Hanburyish
adults. Wordsworth, aiming to "pi
a simple  song for thinking    hear!
was apparently in a state of chrol
exasperation about Browning, if stf
a word as exasperation can be appl]
to so mild, a man. He was rarely
ter,  but  he  was  always   slightly
when speaking of the author of "SI
dello."    "So Robert    Browning    a|
Mi.-,s Barrett have gone off togeth
I hope they understand each othe|
nobody else would."
But it is no use reviling geniusl
or even trying to be wittily sarcasl
at their expense. We must take thi]
as  they are.  Browning at least
not designedly obscure—he was ji|
built that way. The worst that
be said of him is that he probably hi
a pleasure in watching the   grouif
lings stare.   He was democratic
birth and training (Wordsworth,
come Conservative, disliked his pc
tics) but he had a strong dash of ar
tocratic sentiment.    He    enjoyed
feeling of   intellectual    freemasoni
nods chuckling to his comprehend*)
over the heads of the puzzled plel
"Those fellows down there are fin|
floored," he seems to say. But it
not deliberate mystification;    we
member that when he sent a telegrjj
its recipient was often quite at
as  to the when,  where  and  why I
the appointment.   The inability to j
clear was constitutional.
Obscurity is not confined to Ei|
lish writers or to modern times,
is it always the result of conden|
tion. Lope di Vega was one of
most prolific writers of all time;
is too short to read his thousandsl
plays and poems; but in spite of t|
volubility     he    was    sometimes
"misty" as the Old Man among
Trolls, in "Peer Gynt." Bouhours,|
his "Maniere* de bien penser dans
ouvrages d'esprit"  (1687)    tells hi
the  Bishop  of  Belley  met  Lope I
Madrid* and asked about the meanil
of one of his sonnets. With his usl
good-nature, the poet was wishful |
be explanatory, but "having read
re-read the sonnet several times,
frankly admitted that he didn't undl
stand it himself" ("ayant leu et rel
plusieurs fois son sonnet, avoua s|
cerement qu'il ne l'entendait pas
mesme.")    Tf it had occurred to h
lie might have jocularly saved the i
uation by maintaining that the beai
of the sonnet lay precisely in its 0
curity, like  the  dimness of twilig
for we remember that this plea is
vanced by Fabrice when Gil Bias,
a similar situation, fails to underst;
the poetic effusion of his friend. "C
1'obscurite qui en fait tout le merit
And of course we must not for
that a poem may justify itself by
pictorial beauty, or by the glow of
atmosphere, or by the power it p
sesses to call up beautiful images,
even by its sheer word-music, as
much of Swinburne; all this withi
any    intellectual    "meaning"     bei
necessarily       present.       Browninl
"Childe Roland to the Dark Tov
Came" is an example. Various col
mentators have persisted in discovj
ing subtle allegories in it, but Browl
ing assured Dr. Furnivall that no sui
thing was intended. The poem is si|
ply a dramatic creation suggested
the line in Edgar's song in "Lear." |
January 22 to 28.
January 22—
B. C. Land & Inv. Assn.—Yates—Alterations $ 1,300
Mrs. Lovell—Bay—Alterations   200
Mrs. E. J. Creech—Coronation—Dwelling   2,700
Coast Investment Co.—Beechwood—Dwelling   2,500
R. Sturgeon—Toronto and Helmcken—Temp. Dwelling .. 350
Mrs. Grimm—Wilmer and Cowan—Dwelling  5,000
|(    Bungalow Construction Co.—Walton—Dwelling   2,500
jfanuary 23—
Frank Carlin—Carlin and Highview—Alterations  500
James Hunter—Moss—Dwelling   12,000
Frank Sydnem—-Myrtle—Storage Shed ..,  200
■Jfanuary 24—
J. S. Worthy—Mars—Dwelling   400
I    M. L. Lewis—Mt. Stephen—Dwelling  1,800
Arthur Gore—Belmont—Dwelling and Garage  5,000
[■"anuary 25—
Mrs. J. McKenzie—Second—Dwelling   2,000
January 27—
Mrs. Williams—May—Dwelling   1,100
Mrs. J. O. Cameron—Belmont—Dwelling  5,000
Hayward Bros.—Bay—Dwelling  4,000
G. C. Hurrell—Pinewood—Dwelling  2,750
|January 28—
E. J. Connell—Burton—Dwelling  2,000
A. J. Abbott—Derby—Dwelling   2,500
Silver Spring Breweries Ltd.—Lime and Catherine—Engine
House  5,000
Redwing Lumber & Supply Co.—Hereward—Planing Mill 7,000
R. Duncan—Fernwood—Dwelling   2,500
Once again business men have'the pleasure of reading Sir Edmund
LValker's review of the business conditions of the past twelve months.
■This annual survey, a financial classic, is concise and comprehensive,
Ind is perused carefully from first to last by those at home and abroad
Interested in Canadian development. As a supplement to Sir Edmund's
Interesting address, a more detailed review has been issued in pamphlet
lorm, each section of the country being dealt with by one of his managers there. The United States, Mexico and Great Britain are treated
jy the bank's representatives resident in those countries. The first impression gathered from a perusal of these reviews is that the past year
fas one of substantial progress and prosperity, casting before it the
|iright glow of a satisfactory outlook.
We are reminded that in the maritime provinces a new spirit of
jnterprise has manifested itself, and the people are coming to realize
Ihat in variety and permanency of natural resources and in facilities for
jarious branches of manufacturing, they occupy a position in growing
Importance in the industrial life of the Dominion. One factor in bringing this about is the opening of large, undeveloped districts in New
[Brunswick and Nova Scotia by a new railway.
The province of Quebec has had its full share of the general prosperity enjoyed throughout Canada in 1912. Notwithstanding the
Inxiety which was felt during the summer regarding the crop prospects,
lhe yield proved considerably better than was expected, and the high
trices obtained for all farm produce to a great extent, compensated the
Tanners for any shortage that there may have been in the size of the
In dealing with Ontario conditions, the farmer and raiser of live
jtock is advised to specialize in certai nlines of his particular business,
lust as the business man in these days of strenuous competition has been
forced to do.
The progress of the prairie provinces is noted, and, while the existence of extensive speculation in real estate is not denied, we are
Iroperly reminded that an exaggerated impression prevails, particularly
[broad, as to its bearing on the commercial prosperity of the country.
Few well-informed land men can be found, even among mortgage lenders, who regard western farm land values as at all excessive, although
It is important to note that nevertheless the land mortgage companies
lontinue to place an extremely conservative limit on the amount they
Ivill lend per acre, even in the mos': favored sections of the country—a
\__t which itself acts to prevent inflation of values. If we are to judge
Ivy standards prevailing throughout North America, the values of out-
lide business properties in most of the growing cities and towns of the
■vest have, to say. the least, discounted a good many years of the future,
lind sooner or later a readjustment of values must take place, though
liow long this readjustment may be delayed through the very necessities
bf so rapidly increasing a population it is impossible to say. This opinion, however, is so widely held among the leading business men
throughout the country, and especially among those who have control
fcf the banking institutions, life assurance companies and other loan and
Investment companies, that the speculation in real estate has been con-
Blue Printing
Surveyors'  Instruments and
Drawing  Office   Supplies
Electric Blue Print & Map
214 Central Bldg., View Street
Phone 1534        Victoria, B. C.
Royal Bank Chambers
Victoria, B. C.
Thomas Hooper
522 Winch Building
Vancouver, B. C.
We are Joint Owners
and Sole Agents of
Fort George Townsite
on the Main Une of the G. T, P.
Transcontinental and the Northern
Terminus o. the Pacific and Great
Eastern Railway.
Also on thc line of all Railroads
building or projected through Central
B. C. and the Peace River District.
And at the Junction of over One
Thousand Miles of Navigable Waterways.
FORT GEORGE is the Natural
Gateway to the Peace River District,
being closer to thc very heart of the
Peace River Country than is Edmonton.
FORT GEORGE will be the wholesale supply point, the manufacturing
and railroad centre for the Great Inland Empire of Central and Northern
B.C., and the Peace River District alone
contains over One Hundred Million
Acres of rich agricultural, mineral,
timber and coal lands.
There will be some cities and many
towns and villages in this vast rich
territory, but large or small they must
all pay tribute to
which fact will be apparent to all who
investigate intelligently. Many fortunes will be made in business and
investments by those who write or call
today. For special prices on inside
business lots, maps, plans, photos, etc.,
Natural Resources
Security Co., Ltd
Paid-up   Capital   $250,000
Taylor Mill Co.
All lands of Building Material
Lumber   .     Sash   .'   Dooi
Telephone 564
North Government Street, Victoria
Mrs. D. B. McLaren
Teacher of Singing and
Voice Production
Terms on Application    Phone X230S
P. O. Box 449
Fire Insurance, Employers'
Liability & Contractors'
Bonds Written
See us about Real Estate
Green & Burdick Bros.
Cor. Broughton and Langley Streets
Telephone 4169
Telephone 4170
Cordova Bay
15 Acre Snap
This land is situated on the crest of the hill between the crest of
the hill between Elk Lake and Cordova Bay ancl close to where the
C. N. R. will pass.
Half this acreage is almost ready for the plow, only a few stumps
remaining. The other half is covered with beautiful evergreens about
12 or 15 feet high.
A splendid view is afforded from this point of Elk Lake and the
Sooke Hills in the distance and, on the other side, of Cordova Bay,
the Islands in the Gulf, all passing boats en route to Vancouver and
northern ports and Mount Baker beyond the Gulf.
City Lots in the adjoining corner section sold at $250 each.
We can deliver this at only $JOO per Acre
A. W. Bridgman
Real Estate, Financial and Insurance Agent
Conveyancer and Notary Public
Established 1858
Commercial  Union  Assurance  Co.,   Ltd.
of London, England
Canada Accident Insurance Company
Imperial Underwriters' Corporation
Northern  Counties  Investment  Trust,   Limited
of Bradford, England.
1007 Government Street
Victoria, B. C.
Chu. Hayward
Reginald Hayward
F. CaaeltoB
The B. C. Funeral Co.
(Successors to Charles Hayward)
Late of 1016 Government Street, have removed to their new building,
734 Broughton Street, above Douglas.
Phones t___,  1936,  -._.,   aaj8.
Established 1867 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
fined in such channels that a serious shrinkage in values could have but
an inconsiderable effect on the prosperity of the country as a whole.
In British Columbia the prosperity of the past few years has continued without showing signs of abatement. These satisfactory conditions may be ascribed somewhat to the railway construction which is in
progress, and which is likely to continue for some years to come, but
there has been a steady influx of population, a continuance of which it
seems reasonable to expect.
The London manager of the Bank of Commerce thinks that the
coming year does not hold out much prospect of any improvement taking place from the viewpoint of the borrower. Even if European politics are settled in a satisfactory manner, the demand for new capital
by the newly arisen States in the Balkans will add to the burden tinder
which the money market is laboring at the present time. He expresses
the hope that the securities of the Canadian provinces will be included
in the list of those approved by the National Insurance Commissioners
of Great Britain.
Sir Edmund Walker in his address, which contains many interesting points, contends that the proposed central gold reserve will relieve
apprehension of a scarcity of currency at a time when the emergency
provisions are not operative. He discusses counteracting influences at
work against the money stringency. Other matters dealt with in the
usual thorough manner are Canadian borrowings in London, the cost
uf living and the mitigating effect thereon of good roads, and the general development of the country. —The Monetary Times.
New High Record Set Last Year for World's Business—Official
Figures of Seventy Countries
The world's international commerce will establish a new high record in 1912, present indications being that the total will aggregate 35
billion dollars, against 31 billion in 1910, 20 billion in 1900, and \7)_
billion in 1890, having thus doubled in twenty-two years. These figures
are the result of a compilation from the official publications of about 70
leading countries.
This estimate of the probable aggregate of world commerce in
1912 is based upon the official figures of trade of the various countries
during such portions of the year as can be shown, covering in most
cases tlie first six months and in some instances extending down to the
end of September. Nearly all the important countries show larger
totals for 1912 than in 1911 or any earlier year. Reducing the figures
to a common basis (the monthly average for such parts of the year as
are available) imports into the United Kingdom increased from 265
million dollars per month in 1911 to 286 million in 1912; the United
States from 126 million to 148 million; Germany, from 186 to 203
million dollars; Austria-Hungary, from 51 to 59 million dollars; Bel
gium, from 67 to 70 million; Canada, from 30 to 52 million dollars;
Japan, from 26 to 28 million dollars; Switzerland, from 28 to 30 million ; and India, from 34 million to 40 million dollars.
Feiv Countries Show Decrease.—A few countries show a decrease
in their monthly importations, France from an average of 132 million
per month in 1911 to 127 million in 1912; Argentina, from 31 million
to 30 million dollars; Mexico, from %l/2 million to V/2 million, and
Russia, from 43I-2 to 42 million. Practically every country increased
its exports, the average monthly exportation of Canada, for example,
increasing from 20 million dollars in 1911 to 27 million in 1912; France,
from 94 million to 102 million; Germany, from 153 to 166 million; India, from 61 to 66j/> million; the United Kingdom, from 179 million
to 192 million dollars; and the United States, from 159 million to 177
million dollars; while that of Argentina decreased from 34 million dollars in 1911 to 31 million in 1912, and that of Russia, from 59 million
to 51 million dollars.
Total Value of Imports.—The total value of imports into the 70
principal countries and colonies of the world in 1911 approximated
17% billion dollars. Deducing from this the imports of the United
States leaves a total of 16 billion dollars as the value of the foreign
market in which American products and manufactures may be sold.
Of this total of 16 billion, imports from the United States amounted to
2 billion, or one-eighth of their total imports. The countries taking the
largest proportionate share of their imports from the United States
are: Haiti 69.5 per cent.; Honduras 68.2 per cent.; Canada 61.7 per
cent.; Santo Domingo 60.6 per cent.; Panama 56 per cent.; Mexico
54.9 per cent.; Cuba 52.8 per cent.; and Costa Rica 51.3 per cent. The
United Kingdom takes 17.3 per cent, of its imports from us; Germany
13.3 per cent., and France 8.6 per cent, of her total. The largest markets for American products, measured by their valuation of imports
from the United States, are the United Kingdom 572 million dollars;
Canada 285 million; Germany 283 million; France 119 million; Netherlands 117 million; Italy 70 million; Cuba 57 million; Mexico 56 million;
Austria-Hungary, Argentina and Belgium, between 45 and 50 million
each, and Australia, Brazil, Russia, and Japan, sums ranging downward
from 32 to 27 million dollars.
South American Countries.—Of the South American countries,
Columbia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Peru take from 20 per cent, to 30
per cent, of their respective imports from the United States, while the
remainder take smaller proportions; ranging from 13.8 per cent, of
those into Argentina and 12.8 per cent, of those into Brazil to but 2.8
per cent, of those into Bolivia. Certain other countries take comparatively small portions of their imports from the United States, American imports into China in 1910 constituting but 5.2 per cent, of her
total imports; into India 2.7 per cent; Morocco, less than 1 per cent;
Servia, 1.3 per cent.; Turkey, 1.3 per cent., and Roumania, about 1 per
cent, of her total imports.
Just like mother used
to make only
The Palace of Sweets
747 Fort Street
Victoria, B. C.
Quinte mineral claim, situate in the Victoria
Mining  Division   of  Sooke  District,   aboul
one-half mile southeast of East Sooke P.O
TAKE notice  that I,  Henry B. Thomson
Free Miner's Certificate No.  678236, intend
sixty days form the date hereof, to apply tt
the Mining Recorder for a Certificate of Im
provements,   for   the  purpose  of  obtaining ;
Crown Grant of the above claim.
And further take notice that action, undei
section 85 must be commenced before the is
sue of such Certificate of Improvements.
Dated this 14th day of January A.D., 1013
jan 18 mar 1;
District of Renfrew
TAKE notice that Mrs. Margaret Simp
son, of Seattle, Washington, occupation Mar
ried Woman, intends to apply for permissioi
to purchase the following described lands:—
Commencing at a post planted on Wes
boundary and about 13 chains South 0
North-east corner of Lot 390; thence eas
60 chains; thence north 40 chains; thenci
west 80 chains, more or less, to east shon
of Nitinat Lake; thence southerly following
shore to north boundary of Lot 390; thenct
east and south following boundary of Lo
390 to point of commencement; containing
about 320 acres.
Dated  December 9th,  1912.
William Simpson,
jan. 11 mar.
District  of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Arthur Sykes, of Hud
dersfield,     England;     occupation,     Woollen
Manufacturer;   intends   to  apply  for  permission   to   purchase   the   following   describra
lands:—Commencing at a post planted aUnit
40 chains east from  the northeast corner of
Lot 49; thence north 60 chains; thence west
80   chains;   thence  south   60   cnains;   thence
east   80  chains  to  point   of  commencement:
containing 480 acres more or less.
Dated December 8, 1912.
an   11 mar
Per Cent.
increase in our
Power Business
for the Year
ending December 21st, 1912
The Reason
We save our
Let us figure on
your requirements for power
Our Rates are
Low—Our Service is Good.
B. C. Electric Railway Company, Ltd.
Light and Power Department Telephone 1609 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
A Weekly Review of the Most Important Happenings in the
Mining World, with Special Reference to New Discoveries and
Developments.    Edited by W. Blakemore, M. L M. E., Greenwell Medalist
OUR to five years ago timber
had   its   boom   in   British
Columbia.    This  was  fol-
[ved by a land boom, which has
no means run its course, but
lich has been restricted of late
consequence of the large areas
lich have been taken up and the
J.iparatively. slow rate of settle-
:nt.   Unless The Week is entirely
jstaken, a mining boom is about
ie,  for until the  last year the
ining industry has lagged some-
|iat in the race.   The expansion of
12 which was dealt with exten-
rely in the last issue of The Week
ows a remarkable degree of de-
lopmeht, but what is more signi-
ant still, it shows that this devel-
ment   has   extended   to   every
janch of the industry ancl that a
hstantial increased production has
suited.   For the year that increase
fiounted to 30 per cent, and the
ospects for 1913 are even
There are two outstanding feat-
es   of   the   present   revival   in
ining, the one is the re-awakening
the older mining districts, such
the Kootenay, where the produc-
>n of copper, silver and lead has
en enormously stimulated by the
diet prices ruling in the market
id by the important discoveries
pay ore "at depth" which have
:ently been dealt with.   Perhaps
is hardly necessary to say that a
ird factor in this very gratifying
■ival is the low rate which has
|w been established for smelting
The other feature of the mining
irld to-day is the interest which
been created by important dis-
•eries in the Northern sections
the Province.   These numerous
[coveries   are   widely   scattered,
my  of  them  are   far  removed
I'm transportation, but in spite of
drawbacks,    a    considerable
lount of development is progress-
ancl what is better still, some
the largest mining and smelting
npanies   in   the   Dominion   are
wing  their   confidence   in   the
irth by appropriating large sums
money   for   permanent   work.
le most conspicuous of these in-
jnces is the proposed expenditure
more than a million dollars at
mby Bay for smelting works.
l\ third  feature  which  appeals
:lely to those interested in mining
the revival of interest  in gold
Ixluction.    The development of
e mining with gold as a promin-
feature has not been without its
|;tuations, but of late there are
nerous evidences that this im-
•tant branch of the industry will
in attain to dimensions which it
not known hitherto.    Of the
|d producing districts  now  at-
:ting most  attention  reference
be made to Lillooet, where im-
■tant  strikes  have  been  made,
-haps the most  notable at the
ronation mine.
\ last feature of mining to
ich attention may now be called,
lerhaps the most important, the
tduction of coke and coal. This
inch of the industry has had its
5 and downs, ancl unfortunately
; been seriously hampered in the
st by labour troubles. The his-
•y of all the strikes in the Crow's
Nest district during the past ten
years would make sorry reading
and would show that the reduction
of tonnage through this cause
aggregated millions of tons. The
same unfortunate condition is now
prevailing on Vancouver Island,
with the result that the output is
restricted and much suffering is entailed upon the workers. Without
making any reference to the cause
of the dispute or the merits of the
question, The Week can only express the hope that some speedy
means may be found of settling
the matter both in the interests of
the industry and the public.
In spite of the drawback it is
pleasing to note that coal discoveries of importance have been
made in many parts of the Pro
vince. Some of these are near to
railway and others to water transportation. Prices are high and
there is a large demand, there is
therefore no reason why capital
should not find a satisfactory return if carefully invested in one
of the most stable and profitable industries of the Province. Coal has
made millions for our investors in
the past, and if handled with the
same economy, competency and
care is capable of making manv
more millions in the future.
By H. Mortimer-Lamb, Secretary The
Canadian Mining Institute
Within the last twenty or twenty-
five years, the science of geology has
developed in a direction that has
brought it into direct and serviceable
.association with those cl'asses of commercial enterprise that are dependent
on engineering. While this is especially true in respect of mining, it applies
.almost equally to railroading, municipal engineering and other activities
,of a like nature. The dependence of
.mining on geology is attested, for
.example, by the fact that a geologist
.is now invariably included on the permanent staff of every mining corporation of importance; and the demand
,in recent years for t'he services of
.capable men to occupy such positions
Ms been quite out of the proportion
,to the supply. It is recognized universally, in short, that the debt of the
.mining industry to geology is enor-
.nious, and the obligation continues to
.increase steadily. This largely explains the circumstance that the invitation to the International Geological
Congress to hold the next meeting in
Canada was made, not only at the instance of the Canadian and Ontario
Governments*, 'and of the Royal Society of Canada, but at that of the
.Canadian Mining Institute, an association representative, in a truly national sense, of the mining industry
,of this country. Tt is 'believed that
.this meeting will immensely benefit
.mining in the Dominion. From the
.educational and the scientific standpoints, much is to be expected from
.the interchange of views on Canadian
.conditions and problems, by men of
.international reputations. On purely
.commercial grounds, the interest and
attention that will be directed to the
.mineral resources and to the opportunities for the investment of capital
.in mining undertakings in Canada, in
themselves fully justify the extensive
.'reparations that are being made and
.the expense that is being incurred in
.ant'cipation of the event. Judging
from the character of the attendance
,in the past, almost every civilized nation will 'be represented at the Canadian meeting by men of recognized
eminence, including distinguished
.government   officials,   geologists   and
.mining engineers in consulting practice, geographers, great educationalists and writers of text-books. Thus
.surely never a better, a more effective opportunity has presented itself
,of providing for the wide-spread disseminations of authoritative information on Canadian resources and potentialities.
On these grounds, a general appeal
for sympathetic co-operation is made
to all classes and to ithe miming community in particular. The Congress
.has held many meetings in other
.countries. In all, it has been welcomed with open arms. That record
must be at least maintained.
Meanwhile, before proceeding to recount what progress has been made
,so far with 'the arrangements for the
.meeting an'd for the instruction and
.entertainment of the visitors, a word
-or two should ibe said concerning the
.International Geological Congress itself. In the year 1876, at the international Exhibition at Philadelphia,
.there was displayed a collection Of
.geological maps and sections from
.both America and Europe. It had the
.effect of impressing on geologists who
saw it the advantage of providing opportunities and means for comparative study; and in consequence, in
.August, 1876, at the annual meeting
,of the American Association for the
.Advancement of Science, at Buffalo,
.under the Presidency of Prof. William
B. Rogers, the project of the foundation of the Congress was broached,
received favourably, and a committee
.was appointed to arrange for the first
.meeting, held two years later in Paris.
It is worthy of remark that the secretary of the committee in question was
that distinguished chemist and geologist, Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, who from
.1847 to 1872 was chemist and mineralogist to the Geological Survey of
.Canada. The objects of the Congress
,may be very briefly and succinctly
.summarised in the general statement
.that by means of the periodical meetings the results of knowledge acquired in any one country are given a
universal application and significance.
The Congress endeavors to provide,
.for example, for the adoption of uniform systems of mapping, nomenclature and classification of rocks, fossils
and minerals; and in other directions
broadens the boundaries and extends
.the usefulness of geological science.
.One achievement, in particular that
.may be bentioned, is the compilation
,of a geological map of Europe, shortly to be issued; and it is now proposed
,to undertake the preparation of a
similar geological map of the world.
The Congress*, so far, has met only
.twice on this side of the Atlantic.
Socially and scientifically, the last
.meeting in Sweden was notably successful. The opening session* was attended' hy the King of Sweden in
person, while at the sessions devoted
.to the discussion of economic problems, a number of the Cabinet Ministers proved their interest and sense
pf the importance of the occasion by
their presence. The arrangements for
.the conduct of the meeting, for the
entertainment of the visiting scientists
.and in connection with the several
excursions were planned and carried
out with extraordinary ability and precision*; and it will require every effort on the part of Canadians to even
equal the standard set by Sweden in
these respects. It is scarcely necessary
ito say, however, that no pains are
.being spared by an energetic and representative Executive Committee, to
.w'hich lifts been entrusted the task of
preparing a programme for the
Twelfth or Canadian Meeting of the
Tbe Excursions, more especially on
the occasion of recent meetings, have
been given special prominence. These
have two main purposes; one to illustrate, so far as possible, the subjects discussed; and the other to afford visiting members* the opportunity of studying the features of geological interest peculiar to the coun
try in which the Congress assembles.
In connection with the arrangements
for the Canadian meeting, provision
has been made for over thirty excursions to mining districts and other localities of geological interest in Canada, between the extreme east and
west of the continent, and northward
as far as Dawson. It is computed, on
the basis of the numbers in attendance1 at former meetings, that the representation from abroad, at the Canadian meeting, will not be less than,
an'd may exceed, seven hundred. Each
excursion will be under the leadership
of a duly qualified guide, who will
also be competent to point out and
discuss the phenomena constituting
the point of interest in each instance.
Obviously, the planning and effective
conduct of a series of excursions on
this scale is no light undertaking; but
with the assurance of local aid and
co-operation, the difficulties should
not prove insuperable.
The Swedish meeting was marked
especially by the publication of a
monumental work on "The Iron Ore
Resources of the World," to which
reports on the distribution and supply of iron in* the respective countries were contributed by eminent authorities. The Executive Committee
of the Twelfth Congress are to be
very heartily congratulated on the decision of a companion work on the
"Coal Resources of the World." Incidentally, this report should serve to
direct wider attention to the magnitude and value of Canadian resources.
The subject of coal resources and
supplies -will, moreover, form one of
the principal topics for discussion at
the meeting in Toronto; while other
topics ot no less economic interest,
notably that of the influence of depth
on the character of metalliferous deposits, are to be debated.
It is unnecessary here, however, to
further discuss details, the purpose of
the present notes being to give merely a general idea of the aims and work
of 'tlhe Congress and of the significance attaching to its meeting in this
country. With a proper realization of
the importance of the occasion, the
mining men of Canada, no less than
the public generally, may be trusted
to cordially co-operate with the Congress officials in making the Canadian meeting an unqualified success. .
Further information may be obtained by applying to the Secretary,
Twelfth International Geological Con-
igress, Victoria Memorial Museum,
With exports of a total value of
[.$11,186,776.38 in 1912, compared with
$5,269,392.49 in igr 1 and* $5,631,666.81
jn 1910, the Nelson United States consular district, including West Koot-
lenay and Boundary, has jumped to
ithe head of the list of districts in
Canada, blisted copper exported • to
American refineries in 1912 alone very
.nearly reaching in value the total exports to the United States in 1911
ifrom Sudbury, Ont.. whicii in that
year held the place of honor as the
heaviest exporting centre.
The Nelson district total exports to
.the United States of $11,186,776.38 in
,1912 more than double that of 1911
•and nearly 100 per cent, higher than
in the previous year when the conditions governing exports were normal,
is made up chiefly as follows:
Blister copper, $7,048,966.86; copper matte, $2,636,704.87; gold concentrates, $620,038.71; silver bullion, $427,-
187.52; zinc concentrates and zinc ore,
$237.434*i3; gold bullion, $I34.738*52;
furs an'd hides, $20,649.46; household
goods, $12,048.50; cedar poles, $7,-
038.62; coal, $3,746.10; railroad ties,
$3,270.40; lumber, $2,992.33; miscellaneous, $31,070.36.
The above figures were made public on Saturday by W. S. Riblet,
United States consular agent for this
district, who has just completed his
annual report to his department at
Washington, D.C.
Development of the 100 ft. level in
the cave workings at the Silver
Hoard mine has opened up two new
ore shoots* parallel to the main ore
body; one shoot struck 50 ft. from
the portal of the tunnel, is 4 ft. wide,
and contains 18 in. of clean shipping
ore, the balance being high grade
milling ore, the second shoot was
struck at 70 ft. It is 5 ft. of carbonates. It is expected that the Silver
Hoard shoot, the main ore body, will
be reached within the next 10 days
at about 85 ft. in.
W. S. Hawley. of Spokane, manager of the property, made this announcement at Nelson last week. He
had just returned from making his
monthly inspection of the mine and
left for Spokane next morning.
Shipments over the No. I tramway
to the lake will be commenced on
Monday, said Mr. Hawley. Ten tons
daily will be hauled to the tramway
from the mine. As soon as the bins
at the upper and lower terminals
have been filled to their capacity of
300 tons shipments to the smelter
.will commence. This will be about
February 15, when a consignment of
about 200 tons will be sent to Trail
smelter. In the meantime the regular
shipment of sacked fines from the
grizzly at the Silver Hoard will be
continued at the rate of two carloads
per month. Mr. Hawley stated that
the company expected to send out a
carload from Ainsworth today.
Operations have been somewhat
handicapped by the 8 ft. of snow at
the mine, but now that the tram is in
operation there will be no difficulty
in getting up supplies.
Mr. Hawley mentioned that the
company has increased its staff to 18
men and that a new crosscut from
the Lilly May tunnel to intersect the
Silver Hoard ore shoot 500 ft. north
of the cave workings had been commenced.
"The other mines in the Ainsworth
camp are progressing nicely and development is opening up good ore,"
he said*. He predicted that the coming year would be an exceedingly
good one for the Ainsworth district.
Advices received in Spokane from
New York state that the directors
of the Granby Consolidated Mining
Smelting & Power Company have decided* to increase the capitalization of
the corporation from $15,000,000 to
$20,000,000, and a meeting of the
stock brokers has been called for
February 25 to authorize the expansion and to consider the issuing of
$5,000,000 of bonds to be convertible
into ordinary shares of the company
at par.
Of the proposed new issues $1,500,-
000 have already been underwritten
by eastern bankers, and these the
company proposes to offer immediately to the shareholders pro rata at
par and interest. The remaining $3,-
500,000 are to be raised subsequently
in. one or two instalments, as the directors may decide.
The increase in capitalization and
the issuing of the bonds is intended
as a precaution against unforeseen
conditions arising that might prevent
the company as it exists from completing the financing of the Hidden Creek
development, and Spokane shareholders are of the opinion that the first
instalment of the bond issue is the
only one that will be floated.
Dividends paid by Kootenay and
Boundary mines and smelting com-
oanies during the present month total
$363,675.    They are:
British Columbia Copper Company,
$88,675: Standard Mint. $50,000;
Granby. $225,000. THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
Greatest Crop in History Moved
Without Blockade
Not for years has the movement of
the western crop been so free from
car blockades and congestion at the
head of the lakes as this year. And
this despite the largest crop in the
history of the prairie provinces. That
the grain has moved as easily as it
has, is due largely to the efforts of
tlhe government, who have done
everything possible to prevent a repetition of the serious blockade of last
year with its disastrous results to
many western districts.
Significant Totals
The official figures of the total
amount of grain moved by the close
of navigation have not yet been received, but the figures for the months
of September, October and November
are significant. Some nineteen million
more bushels were received at the
head of the lakes by November 30th
this year over last and some sixteen
million more bushels were shipped
The receipts at Port Arthur and
Fort William for the three months
were 74,116,565 bushels, the figures
for the corresponding three months of
1911 being 55,669,191 bushels. The
totals are as follows:
1911 1912
Wheat   .... 44,936,389   54,554,510
Oats       7,854,056   11,185,236
Barley  ....    3,254,162     3,892,211
Flax        1,071,082     4,484,608
55,669,191 74,116,565
Lake Shipments
The shipments from the head of the
lakes were 66,701,763 for the three
months of 1912 as against 50,906,409
for the same three m'onths of 1911.
The shipments by grains were as follows:
1911 1912
Wheat   .... 41,456,247   50,073,155
Oats       7,302,759    9,599,513
Barley        1,519,252    3,254,162
Flax          623,064    3,774,932
50,906,409   66,701,762
Began Efforts Early
Early last winter the government
took up the question of preventing a
blockade. A conference was held with
the railway officials of the western
roads at Ottawa and the railwaymen
were frankly told they must make
more extensive preparations for handling the west's crop. The Railway
Commission at the instance of the
Government, kept prodding the roads
and kept tabs on them. As a result
orders were placed by the railways
for no less than 21,000 box cars and
500 engines. The railways despite the
large crop have handled the grain
with little complaint. During the
three months of September, October
and November no less than 14,382
more cars were handled than for the
same period of last year or an increase of 23.63 per cent. The C. P. R.
alone handled 10,716 more cars, while
the Grand Trunk Pacific showed an
increase of 6,359 cars.
By Canadian Routes
A gratifying feature of the grain
movement is that practically all of it
has been handled through Canadian
channels. There was a decrease for
the three months of 3,536 cars handled by way of Duluth. The figures are
as follows:
1911 1912
C. P. R  32,933      43,649
Can. Northern ..  19,844       19,770
G. T. P     1,825        8,184
G. N. via Duluth   5,054        1,518
Navigation Extended
To Hon. Robert Rogers belongs a
large measure of the credit for the
plan to extend the period of navigation, so that more grain could get out
of Fort William and Port Arthur before the harbours were entirely closed
by ice. With his usual energy he took
the matter up with the shipping interests wdro expressed t'heir willingness
to co-operate and also with the insurance people. As a result the Marine
Department made arrangements for
ice-breakers at Fort William, Port
Arthur, The Soo, Port McNichol, Midland and other points. Lights, buoys,
etc., were also kept in place as long
as needed. The   arrangements   were
finally all made whereby navigation
was continued some ten days longer
than usual, allowing whole-fleets ol
grain boats to reach eastern terminals.
Another Help
A change for the season was also
made in the coasting laws so as to allow American boats to tie up at Canadian ports. The idea of the Government was that many American grain
bottoms would winter at the head of
the lakes; they could be loaded with
grain ready to leave first thing in the
spring and would thus greatly increase the storage capacity. The expectations of the Government have
been more than fulfilled. No less than
58 boats, 45 of them American are
wintering at Fort William and Port
Arthur and they have a storage capacity of fourteen million bushels. It
will relieve the strain on the elevators
to that extent. To allow these boats
to move from elevator to elevator to
take grain as fast as it comes in arrangements have been made to have
ice-breakers keep the harbour open
until January 20.
Another Outlet
Then in addition there will no
longer be the single line of the C. P.
R. east of Port Arthur to depend upon
with navigation closed. Through the
speeding up of work on the Transcontinental it has been completed
through to Cochrane sufficient to allow freight trains to run over it.
So* that taking it all in all, thanks
to the interest the Government has
displayed in the west, the largest crop
on record is being handled with the
least inconvenience.
The Week accepts no responsibility for
the views expressed by its correspondents.
Communications will be inserted whether
signed by the real name of the writer
or a nom de plume, but the writer's
name and address must be given to the
Editor as an evidence of bona fides. In no
case will it be divulged without consent.
S. Salt Spring,
Jan. 27, 1913.
The Editor of The Week:
Sir,—As far back as January 23rd,
1909, The Week published a contribution of mine oh a method for marketing our apples and other orchard
fruits. On December 19th, same year,
two articles written by me on the
same subject were sent to The Colonist, one by a very prominent member
of our Cabinet, and the other by the
Development League. Since then from
time to time I have had other articles
published on the same subject. Two
years previous to this I had formulated the scheme and handed it to thc
late Captain Tatlow, then Minister of
Agriculture. One part of it he adopted (promising it* to me at this interview), viz: the schools for teaching
fruit packing. The balance of it he
referred to others to consider but
gave me to understand that a radical
change such as this scheme would
involve could only be made on demand of those vitally interested. I
tried to arouse the fruit growers but
other interests were at work.
Having printed the scheme so often
I will not occupy your space with it
unless you request it over again, but
I wish to point out that Washington,
Oregon and the apple-growing west to
the south of us, have now by a similar comprehensive scheme effectually
invaded our markets, just as we should
have done theirs had my scheme been
established. And now, six years later,
this scheme is revived by others who
are pressing for its adoption.
But a central organization for handling the fruit unless it is an integral
part of the Provincial civil service, is
liable to be run by a few, forming a
clique, and it is hardly advisable that
those who are actually fruit producers themselves should have the whole
management, else, as has happened before, this is sure to occur.
Besides which, any such organization, if outside of Government control, is liable to prove a thorn in the
flesh to the party in power, and may
even result in a third party, the fruitgrowers, who can by the concentrated
energy around the rallying point of
the central bureau, easily elect their
own members in numbers sufficient
to control the vote. I, as a fruitgrower, should not object to this, but
the powers that be might!
Again the sale of cull fruits, now
fed to pigs, might cover the whole
cost of running the scheme, but, if
the Government, as the representative
of the farmers amongst other interests took up and financed the scheme,
they could soon recoup themselves,
since, once fruit-growing is placed on
a profitable basis, the rapid settling
up of the fruit lands and the consequent increase of taxation would repay them many times over.
The compliment the Irish man meant to
pay is somewhat obscure, hut no doubt he
meant to convey such to the widow in whose
company he was and to whom he was paying
his addresses. Giving a shudder she made
use of the common expressionthat "someone
was walking over her grave.*'
Pat, anxious for every opportunity of showing his affection for the lady of his choice,
"By the powers, ma'am, but I wish I was
the happy man."
Two duellists were taking the early train
for Fontainbleau, tneir place of meeting.
"A return trip," said the first duellist to the
"Single for me," said the second man quietly-
"Aha," blustered the other, "you are afraid
you won't come back, are you? As for me,
I always take a return."
"I never do," said the second man. "I always take my return half from the dead man's
Mamma: "You little wretch I What have
you done to get such holes in your overall?"
Tommy: "It is not my fault. We wcre
playing grocers' shop and I was the Gruyerc
cheese I"
SITTINGS of the Provincial Labour Commission will be held as follows:
Nanaimo—Monday, February 17th, at 8
p.m., Court-house.
Cumberland—Wednesday, February 19th, at
8 p.m.
Alberni—Monday, February 24th, at 8 p.m.
Ladysmith—Tuesday, February 25th, at 3.30
Steveston—Monday, March 3rd, at 2.30 p.m.
Chilliwack—Tuesday, March 4th, at 2.30
New Westminster—Thursday, March Gth, at
11 a.m., City Hall.
Vancouver—Friday, March 7th, at 10 a.m.,
The Commission is empowered to inquire
into all matters affecting the conditions of
labour in British Columbia. All persons interested are invited to attend antl give evidence.
F. R. McNAMARA, Chairman.
(eb  1 feb 22
For a License to Take and Use Water.
NOTICE is hereby given that Stephen
Tones, of Victoria, B. C, will apply for a
license to take and use ten inches of water
out of a spring whicii flows in an easterly
direction through Section 35 and empties into
the Lagoon. The water will be diverted at
the N. W. corner of part of Section 35, which
is owned by me, and will be used for domestic
and irrigation purposes.
This notice was posted on the ground on
the 9th day of January, 1913.
The application will be filed in the office of
the Water Recorder at Victoria, B. C.
Objections may be filed with the said Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings,
Victoria, B. C. STEpH]5N J0NES.
jan. 18 feb. 15
Notice of Application Tor the Approval
of Works
TAKE NOTICE that Sidney Water &
Power Co., Ltd., will apply to the Comptroller
of Water Rights for the approval of the
plans of works to be constructed for the
utilization of the water from wells on Lots
6 and 8, Pt. of Sec. 7, R. II E., N. Saanich,
from whicii the applicant has applied to be
authorized to take, store, and use for Municipal purposes.
The plans and particulars required by subsection (1) of section 70 of the "Water Act"
as amended have been filed with the Comptroller of Water Rights at Victoria and with
the Water Recorder at Victoria, B. C.
Objections to the application may bc filed
with the Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament   Buildings,  Victoria.
Dated at Victoria, B. C, this 18th day of
Tanuary,  1913.
jan. 25 feb 15
Coal mining rights of the Dominion, in
Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta, the
Yukon Territory, the Northwest Territories
and in a portion of the Province of British
Columbia, may be leased for a term of
twenty-one years at an annual rental of $1
an acre. Not more than 3,560 acres will be
leased to one applicant.
Applications for a lease must be made by
the applicant in person to the Agent or Sub
Agent of the district in which the rights applied for are situated.
In surveyed territory the land must be
described by sections, or legal sub-divisions
of sections, and in unsurveyed territory the
tract applied for shall be staked out by the
applicant himself.
Each application must be accompanied by
a fee of $5 which will be refunded if the
rights applied for are not available, but not
otherwise. A royalty shall be paid on the
merchantable output of the mine at the rate
of five cents per ton.
The person operating the mine shall furnish the Agent with sworn returns accounting for the full quantity of merchantable
coal mined and pay the royalty thereon. If
the coal mining rights are not being operated, such returns should be furnished at
least once a year.
The lease will include the coal mining
rights only, but the lessee may be permitted
to purchase whatever available surface rights
may be considered necessary for the working of the mine at the rate of $10.00 an acre.
For full information application should be
made to the Secretary of the Department of
the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or
Sub-Agent of Dominion  Lands.
Deputy Minister of the Interior.
N.   B.—Unauthorized   publication   of   this
advertisement will not be paid for.
sept. 21
SEALED TENDERS will be received by
the Minister of Lands not later than noon on
the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the purchase
of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 feet of
timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing on
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westminster
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B.C.
NOTICE is hereby given that the reserve
existing over Lot 1340, Range 1, Coast District, by_ reason of the notice published in
the llritish Columbia Gazette of the 27th of
December, 1907, is cancelled, ior the purpose
of permitting the Davidson-Ward Company,
Limited, to purchase the said lot.
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Lands Department, Victoria, B. C,
19th December, 1912.
Private Bills
NOTICE is hereby given that no petition
for a Private Bill will be received by the
House after Monday, January 27, 1913. Private Bills must be presented to the House
on or before  Thursday,  February  6,   1913.
Bills must be reported to the House on or
before Thursday, February  13,  1913.
Dated this Fifteenth day of December, 1912.
Clerk to the Legislative Assembly.
District  of  Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Fred William  Webster,
of Seattle; occupation, Machinist; intends to
apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post
planted  about 40 chains east  and 20  chains
south from the northeast corner of Lot 49;
thence north 80 chains; thence east 80 chains;
thence south 80 chains; thence west 80 chains
to   point   of  commencement;   containing   640
acres more or less.
Dated December 8, 1912.
jan   11
mar  8
District of Renfrew.
TAKE  notice  that  Thomas   W.   Armitage,
of   Huddersfield,   England;   occupation,   Accountant; intends to apply for permission to
purchase   the   following    described    lands:—
Conimencing at a post planted on the south
boundary  of  Lot   580,   80  chains  west  from
the   northwest  corner   of  T.L.   17^6;   thence
south 80 chains; thence east 80 chains; thence
north   80  chains;   thence  west  80  chains   to
point of commencement; containing 640 acres
more or less.
Dated  December   ioth,   1912.
jan   11 mar  8
SEALED TENDERS will be received
the Minister of Lands not later than nq
on the 3rd day of March, 1913, for the p
chase of Licence No. X9 to cut 45,300,000 I
of timber and 4,000 cedar poles standing
Lot 671, Malaspina Strait, New Westmins|
Particulars of Chief Forester, Victoria, B.I
nov. 30 ma|
NOTICE is hereby given that the rese]
existing on Lot 10, Group I, Kootenay ll
trict, by reason of a notice bearing dl
March 26th, 1888, and published in the B. I
Gazette under date of March 31st, 1888,1
cancelled for the purpose of offering the sj
land for sale at public auction.
Deputy Minister of Lands J
nov. 30 maif
District  of North  Saanich
TAKE notice that Andrew Cox, of Vn_
Bay, North Saanich, Sidney P. 0., farn*
intends to apply for permission to lease
following described foreshore:—Commencl
at a post planted at the Northeast cornerl
Parcels 2, Section 11, Range 1, West; then
Northwest two hundred (200) feet, then
West one thousand (1000) feet, then
Southeast two hundred (200) feet more [
less to high water mark, and thence EasteL
along high water mark to point of commen|
Dated, December 16th,   1912.
dec 28 feb \
District  of  North   Saanich
TAKE  notice  that   Day   Hort   MacdowJ
of Victoria, gentleman, intends t to  apply_ 1
permission  to  lease  the   following  describl
foreshore:—Commencing   at   a   post   plant!
at the Northwest corner of Block 3, Sectil
11,   Range   1,   West;   thence   Northwest   tw
hundred   (200)   feet,   thence   Northeast   fil
hundred   (500)   feet,    thence   Southeast   t-I
hundred   (200)   feet   more   or   less   to   hil
water mark, and thence Southwest along hi|
water mark to point of commencement.
Dated,  December   16th,   1912.
Agt. for Day Hort Macdowall.!
dec 28 feb f
NOTICE is hereby given that the Orc^
in-Council, approved August 17th, 1895,
serving and setting apart for the sole
of Her Majesty's Government for militl
and naval purposes that portion of the S:l
Spit at the Lagoon, Esquimalt, which is I
property of the Province, is rescinded; *'l
that the lands describea in the aforesl
Order-in-Council are reserved for Governmf
Deputy Minister of Lands
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C,
29th October, 1912.
nov. 2 fell
In   the   Matter   of   an   application   for   frl
Certificates of Title to an undivided II
of Lots 3, 4, 5 and 6 of part of Lots I
31  and 32,  Oakland   Estate,   (Map  31I
Victoria City. I
NOTICE is hereby given of my intent!
at the expiration of one calendar month frl
the   first   publication   hereof   to   issue   frl
Certificates of Title in lieu of the CertificaP
of  Title  issued  to  Henry   Louis  Salmon I
the  27th  day  of November,   1893,  and  nil
bered 17401 A, and to Emanuel Joseph SalnT
on   the   27th   day   of   November,   1893,   a
numbered   17402 A   respectively,   whicli   hi
been lost. I
Dated   at   Land   Registry   Office,   Victol
B. C., this 28th day of December, 1912.
Registrar General of Titles]
jan. 4 fe|
District of  Renfrew.
TAKE   notice   that   John   A.   Stringer,!
Mitcham,    Surrey;    occupation,   Governn!
Officer;  intends  to  apply for  permission I
purchase  the  following    described    lands
Commencing at a post planted at the sol
west  corner  of  Lot   580,   being   T.L.   17
thence  north  80  chains;   thence  west  ab
60 chains to the southeast corner of Lot
thence soutii 80 chains; thence east 60 chi
to  point   of   commencement;   containing
acres more or less.
Dated December ioth,  1912.
jan   11 ma
District of Renfrew.
TAKE notice that Lawrence Tompkins,
Seattle,   Wash.;   occupation,   Grocer;   inte
to apply for permission to purchase  the
lowing   described   lands:—Commencing   at
post planted  80 chains north  and 80 cha
west from    the   southwest    corner    of    T
42601;   thence  north  80  chains;   thence  <
40   chains;   thence   south   40   chains;   the
east 40 chains; thence south 40 chains; the
west  80  chains  to  point  of  commenceme
containing 480 acres more or less.
Dated   December  8,   1912.
jan   11 mar| THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
Dominions and Defence
Written Specially for The Week
By Colonel Hobday
j The discussion on Canadian naval
[olicy by the Dominion Parliament.
Ottawa has somewhat narrowed
ie public outlook on this vital ques-
011, and has resulted in making loll and party aspects of the case of
reater immediate interest and im-
Drtance than the more statesman-
•te consideration of the relation of
ly Canadian naval scheme to the
rander fabric of an Imperial de-
nsive system.
(It may lead to a more thoughtful
id unbiassed examination of the ne-
;ssities of the case by the "Man in
ie Street," if the defensive require-
ents of the world-encircling broth-
•hood of nations known as the
ritish Empire, and the means best
dpated for securing these, as glean-
i from a study of the best authori-
es on the subject, are briefly tabu-
Ited and discussed in a simple and
itelligible form for his conside'ra-
General Defence
j The whole question of defence falls
Jaturally into two main issues:  (a)
General  Defence,  for the safeguard-
ig of interests which may affect the
hole  body  politic of the    Empire;
nd (b)  Local Defence, for the im-
ediate protection of their own ter-
tories and local interests by each of
ie component partners of the Em-
ire.   Both of these are further subsided  into measures    for  defence:
i) by sea, and (2) by land.
General Defence by sea is best seared by the provision    of a single
omogeneous   battle   fleet   controlled
nd directed from the heart of Em-
ire by the British Admiralty.   The
uties of this fleet are (1) to provide
sufficient margin of naval strength
!>r the adequate protection of Brit-
h territory and British interests, in
•eas where these might be threaten-
1 by rival naval armaments or com-
inations of powers. (2) To guard
id patrol the great ocean highways,
ie "Links of Empire," connecting
;e oversea Dominions and Depen-
encies, for the protection of trade
id the maintenance of free and un-
sturbed communication between
em and with the Mother Country.
By Land
I For General Defence by land, the
xpeditionary force," maintained by
ngland from her regular troops, can
used in any quarter of the world
Iubject to the preservation of the
astery of the ocean highways by
e battle fleet'). This force can be
ipplemented from the garrisons of
idian and other Dependencies where
ritish regular troops are quartered;
hile further assistance could be re-
:d on when needed from continents offered by1 the Dominions from
leir own local forces. But, as in the
ise of the battle fleet, all land forces
om any part of the Empire united
ir General Defence purposes, should
: under one single control, and this
•inciple of single central Imperial
mtrol for Imperial ends is vital for
Ie real effectiveness of any general
fensive organization.
By Sea
Local defence by sea would mean
e provision by each portion of the
mpire of sufficient harbours, dock-
,rds, arsenals and coaling stations
ith in their own boundaries, to act
bases for the General Defence
heme; and adequate protection for
e same by means of coast defence
ssels, scouts, torpedo boats, sub-
arines and mines afloat, and fortifi-
tions and their garrisons ashore.
|he vessels' duties would be"confined
local waters and they would be
•solutely controlled by their own
Local Land Defence would com-
ise the home troops and territorial
rce in England and the permanent
id militia forces of the Dominions.
Ihere is not a shadow of doubt that
ese, should be supplemented both in
ritain and the Dominions by a sys-
m of universal military training in
I''ace time, by which, in time of great
nergency svch an an invasion in
rce. the whole manhood of any
irt or fraction of the Empire could
take its place in an organized defensive scheme for the protection of their
hearths and homes, and prolong resistance at any rate until help arrived
from  Britain and the  sister nations.
Central Control
Let us now analyse in greater detail the points connected with these
simple wide divisions of the defence
The absolute necessity for central
control in any General Defence system cannot be too urgently insisted
on. The authority of the Crown,
common to every component unit of
the Empire, is the keystone of the
Imperial edifice. The advisers of the
King on questions of foreign policy
and peace or war, are the Imperial
Parliament sitting at the heart of
Empire; but they in their turn are
guided in their decisions by the representations of the Defence Committee, the central advisory body on all
military and naval matters, and the
mainspring of all defensive action for
the common good. The principle of
the representation of the Overseas
Dominions on the Defence Committee is now fully established, so that
every part of the Empire would have
a voice in deciding on the organization under which the ships and men
they would contribute for general purposes, would be used. This matter of
representation is the germ of greater
things; and we may, in the near future, confidently look for developments of 'the highest importance in
the constitution and powers of the
Defence Committee. It will in all
orohability extend its functions to include considerations of foreign policy,
and will become eventually something
in the nature of an Imperial Council, in which high questions of state,
affecting the whole body, including
the making of war and peace, will be
decided by representatives from every
component part of the Empire, leaving individual parliaments to decide
purely local questions. It may take a
very long time to achieve this end,
but for the strength, unity and security of the whole fabric, it is an end
to -be devoutly hoped for.
During the adolescence of the Dominions, when they were merely distant "plantations," and growing "colonies," the protective battle fleet was
supplied entirely by Britain,—alone
and ungrudgingly.
Dominion Units
The high sea navy of the' future will
comprise fleet units contributed by
each Dominion on a scale fixed by the
Council of Defence according to strategic needs, and each one's capabilities. Until the Dominions are able
to build, man and maintain their own
quota of warships from their own resources, the most logical and speedy
way of providing these vessels would
be to furnish, as Canada now proposes
doing, the wherewithal to have them
built and manned where this can be
done most rapidly and economically
—in the British Isles. Each Dominion
will be best served by the ships which
it contributes being quartered where
they are most needed, as part of a
homogeneous fleet under the White
Ensign, and not necessarily in its own
waters (though they would probably
use their own local bases.. It will
readily be seen on examination why
this unfettered control by the Admiralty at the centre of Empire is so
essential. The proportion of naval
power required by the Empire at any
time in the different waters of the
globe is largely dependent on conditions of world policy. The shifting
needs of diplomacy might call for an
increase of strength in European waters at one time, in the China seas at
another. Thc fate of Canada might
have to be decided in the North Sea
or the Atlantic, or that of Australia
'ii the Pacific or Indian Ocean. If
'e ships contributed to the battle
fln'-t by each Dominion were normally '-ralized and only transferred to
t,-e Admiralty for general service on
the outbreak of war, much of their
value would be wasted. Wars are
often prevented or accelerated by the
preliminary action    of   governments.
before any declaration of hostilities,
and a battle fleet is far too powerful
and valuable a diplomatic weapon* to
be hampered and circumscribed in its
action by any fetters of local control
of its units. In this matter we must
trust to the good sense and patriotism
of each Dominion courageously subordinating local pride for the common
weal and the greatest good of the
greatest number, hard and difficult as
the problem may seem.
No Local Navies
Local navies tied by local conditions would be worse than useless for
Imperial emergencies. We have seen
in more than one conflict of late
years how events rush on, once the
dogs of war have been slipped from
the leash. If precious hours, day's or
weeks were to be wasted in preliminary negotiations or arrangements
with their respective governments before Dominion battle fleet units could
be transferred to the point of action
from their local waters, it might mean
the difference between victory or defeat. Success can only be obtained
in the game of world politics by a
strong and free central authority
which can manoeuvre its pieces unhampered on the chessboard of the
globe, and have its combinations matured1 in advance ready to checkmate
any adversary.
There is another advantage to be
gained by having all ships contributed
to the battle fleet unfettered in their
action at all times and part of a homogeneous organization—the great asset of uniform training and wide experience of the seas of the world.
Units from different parts of the Empire should serve together and interchange stations, thus bringing into
being wider mutual knowledge and
fellowship throughout the Empire,
which would be a powerful factor for
strengthening the spirit of unity and
ensuring co-operation in the hour of
peril. This advantage would be lost
by confining the ships of each Dominion normally to their own waters
and would also lead to undesirable
divergencies of methods, customs and
possibly sentiment.
An Elastic Scheme
In matters of local defence the Dominions would, as now, exercise entire control and freedom of development, consistent with the adaptability of their methods to the general scheme. It is in this that the
present apparent dissimilarity of their
ideas and systems is most visible today. Each is working out its own
organization on linen which depend
on immediate needs, and are largely
affected by the presence or absence
of immediate potential danger. Australia is the farthest distant of the
sister nations from the seat of Em-
•r.re. She still has, in proportion to
her area, a sparse population, and
this is mainly concentrated in the
southern provinces, those most distant from the probable danger quarter. Except New Zealand, she has no
near neighbours of kindred blood who
could be counted on for help in time
of need. The rise and increase of
rival navies in Europe has forced
Britain to concentrate the greater
part of her own fleet in home waters,
and denude the eastern and Pacific
stations. The recent developments in
China and the rise of Japan to the
.position of a first class naval power
have caused a natural anxiety on the
part of Australia for some means of
immediate naval protection in case of
emergency. For this reason Australia
has felt herself compelled to found a
local fleet (including battle fleet units)
and institute a system of universal
military service for land defence, without waiting till the increase of the
Imperial battle fleet by contributions
from the Dominions or additional
construction by Britain allowed* of
the naval power of the Empire in the
Pacific and Indian Oceans being
brought up to a strength sufficient to
.guarantee immunity from possible invasion or other hostile action by rival
powers in those waters. This point
should be fully appreciated when considering the lines of action open to
Canada, and the present urgency of
Imperial, as contrasted with local,
needs in her case.
Canada and Australia—the Difference
It has been urged that Canada
would be doing her part if she simply followed Australia's lead, on the
same lines; following up the policy
which started a local Canadian navy
by the purchase of the "Niobe" and
But it must be realized from a study
of Canada's position and conditions
Jiow different her case is to that of
Australia in regard to her immediate
.defensive requirements. She is not
troubled by the spectre of invasion in
nearly the same degree as Australia
for excellent reasons, though it is not
altogether to her credit that she has
been for so long contented to remain
entirely dependent on Others for her
protection. Any menace to her Pacific shore from the Orient would
equally affect the Great Republic, her
adjacent southern neighbour, largely
of kindred race, speaking the same
tongue and certain to be counted on
for active intervention if any eastern
race attempted to establish a footing
,by force of arms on the North American continent. There is no doubt
.that the present weakness of Britain
in the Pacific calls for the presence of
a fleet unit on the Canadian Pacific
coast, based on the splendid harbour
of Esquimalt, but this unit should be
part of the general service battle
fleet acting in concert with other
units in the Indian, China and Australian waters.
For the protection of Canada's Atlantic shores, the fleet of the old
mother country now stands, as it has
always done, between her and any
danger from Europe. Any peril which
might come from the south—let us
trust that it is an impossible thing—
would be, with the exception of minor
naval action on the Great Lakes, a
question of land defence alone. Thus,
any possible naval peril to Canada
'would almost certainly be dealt with
at points far distant from her own
Because England has scorned to
beg for help from the sister nations
to reduce the strain of maintaining
the high sea battle fleet at a level of
safety singlehanded; and has declared
that contributions or no contributions
she is prepared to continue bearing
alone the cost of this fleet, which insures the security of Canada's communications with the rest of the
world, and her immunity from invasion by sea, it is strange to hear arguments seriously put forward that
no help at all is* needed, and that local ships tied to local waters are the
only thing immediately required. This,
when the White Ensign has almost
disappeared from many of the Seven
Seas! What of the trade routes? What
of the Eastern seas? The Indian
Ocean? The Pacific?
There can be 110 doubt which of
the needs—general or local—is the
most insistent.
The Margin of Safety
Once the margin of safety for general defence by sea has been re-attained in all quarters of the globe; local
defence, equally essential but less urgent, can be steadily and deliberately
evolved and built up. Another grave
feature affecting Canada's case, is that
the support given by her people in
the way of enlistment in the nucleus
Canadian navy already started, does
not give much assurance that the time
i9 yet ripe for the formation of a
Canadian manned fleet. The proportion of desertions to the comparatively meagre tale of enlistments for the
"Niobe" and "Rainbow" is not an encouraging record and discounts very
largely the protestations of those
politicians who urge the pushing on
of local schemes, without realizing
that the first thing is to foster the
naval spirit, and provide the crews
for the ships they are so eager to
build here.
Something Tangible
That Canada is ready to contribute
$35,000,000 for the provision of ships
for the immediate strengthening of
the defence of the Empire at Iarge, is
at least some tangible evidence of her
wish to ease the burden of the mother
country, and it is also good to know
that this kindly impulse is to be supplemented by a scheme for local requirements worked out deliberately,
after adequate discussion and consid
eration, if the proposals of the present Government are carried. But the
idea that local development should
take precedence o fthe reinforcement
of the high sea fleet is an unsound
and narrow view of the question.
Studying the action of other component units of the Empire we see
that New Zealand had previously
taken the view now held by Canada,
by contributing directly to the
strengthening of the battle fleet first,
leaving local defence for future consideration and evolution. Covered as
she is by Australia from direct menace from the Orient her danger like
Canada's is less imminent.
The Younger Dominions
The South African Union is the
youngest of the Dominions, and has
hardly yet had time to "find herself"
as a consolidated nation, but she too
is distant from any pressing menace,
so that her contribution to the general defence scheme seems likely to
be that of New Zealand and Canada
—a gift to the battle fleet, followed
by local defence measures. Other
parts of the Empire are moving on
the same lines. The protected Malay
States have offered a contribution to
build a battle-ship for the Imperial
fleet, and there is a probability that
their action will be imitated by the
feudatory princes of India, whose gift
should be a splendid one. No doubt
too in the future, when a scheme of
regular proportionate contribution for
common naval protection has been
matured, the Indian government will
also provide its share. But the immediate point is that these various contributions will now help to secure the
safety of our world-wide interests by
sea at all points where these have
been endangered by the temporary
necessity of concentrating a sufficient
force in European waters alone, and
will re-establish protective fleet units
in adequate strength on the world engirdling chain that binds the Empire
together, from England through Halifax, Esquimalt, Hongkong, Singapore,
Trincomalee (Ceylon), Aden, Malta,
Gibraltar and so home again; with its
offshoots to the West Indies, round
the African continent, and down to
Australia and New Zealand.
Naval Bases
The local requirements, of the Defence scheme in the shape of Naval
Bases, with their harbours, arsenals,
dockyards and fortifications, which
would be of vital assistance to the
battle fleets, should be proceeded with
as rapidly as circumstances permit in
preference to the provision of the
coast defence ships, for which there
is less pressing need as long as the
battle fleet is "in being."
Only if this battle fleet were defeated or evaded could an invasion in
force of any one of the Dominions be
possible. To relieve the invaded territory and drive out the invader by the
concentration of forces from other
parts of the Empire, the mastery of
the sea would have to be recovered.
Any single Dominion should be possessed of a sufficient reserve of power
to* enable it to hold out for a reasonable time to affect this, and this brings
us to the consideration of local defence by land.
The sooner England and the other
Dominions follow the lead of Australia and, dropping the policy of drift
and procrastination, boldly accept the
policy of universal training the only
sane investment for safety by land,
the better. The security of each
state would lie vastly increased, the
possibilities of mutual support in time
of emergency would be strengthened;
and, better than all, the battle fleets
would be ensured complete liberty of
action, and not hampered as they now
seem likely to* be by public fears,
which, owing to the present lack of
land defence organization, would
probably force the executive to allot
the ships a role of defensive strategy
and coast defence, the surest way of
courting defeat. In any quarrel the
first blow means an advantage to the
striker, and this blow should be both
prompt and hard.
(To be continued.) 10
Mr.   Charles  Wardle  has  returned
from a trip to his home in England.
* *   *
Mrs. Sperling, from Vancouver, has
been a guest in Victoria during the
* *   *
Mr. John Girswald, from Vancouver,  has  been  staying  at  the    Ritz
* *   *
Dr. Mainguy, of Chemainus, B. C,
is among the guests at the Ritz
* *   *
Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Turnstall, of
Vancouver, are staying at the Empress Hotel.
* *   *
Miss Ida Irvine, of Vancouver, is
making a short stay in the city, the
guest of Mrs. H. A. Morley.
* *   *
Mrs. George Hall, accompanied by
her daughter, has left for Southern
California on a visit to relatives.
* *   *
Miss Fanny Devereaux left town
on Monday last on the Marama for
Honolulu, where she intends making
a visit of some three months.
* *   *
Mrs. E. G. Prior has returned home
from a short trip to the South where
she has been touring the Southern
* *   *
Dr. and Mrs. Humber have left on
a two months' trip through the Eastern cities of Canada 'and the United
* *   *
Miss* Gwen Rees, of Comox, has
returned home, accompanied by her
brother, after a visit of seven weeks
with her aunt, Mrs. Cogan, Victoria
* *   *
Mr. James H. Blake, of this city,
left during the week on a trip to
Lethbridge, Alberta, and will return
by Spokane, visiting Portland, Tacoma ancl Seattle.
* *   *
Mrs. Fred Brown was hostess recently of a smart tea given at the
Empress Hotel in honour of her
friend, Miss Hughes , from Nova
Scotia, who has been her guest for
some weeks..
* *   *
Mrs. A. W. Jones was hostess during the week of a smart tea given at
her charming residence on Rockland
Avenue; Mrs. J. Ward from Okanagan was the guest of honour. Some
ol those present were: Mrs. Herman
Robertson, Mrs. R. H. Pooley, Mrs.
R. Dunsmuir, Mrs. R. G. Monteith,
Mrs. D. Twigg, Mrs. G. C. Johnston,
Mrs. Victor Eliot, Mrs. Barrington
Foote, Mrs. Sperling (Vancouver),
Mrs. C. E. Thomas, Miss McNaughton Jones and others.
* *   *
On Thursday evening, January 23,
the James Bay Hotel was the scene
of a very merry dance given by the
guests of the hotel. A dainty supper
was served during the evening, the
table being tastefully arranged with
carnations and daffodils. Among
those present were Mr. Anderson,
Mr. Hanson, Mrs. White, Mrs. Burge,
Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Julier, Miss Newcombe, Miss Jameson, Miss Bowron,
Mr. and Mrs. Brotherton, Mr. Welsh,
Mr. Tweedie, Mr. Jamieson, Mr.
Trendall, Mr. Wm. Cartwright, Mr.
Julier, Mr. Denniston,  Mr. Kent and
* *   *
The members of the Law Students
and Wanderers' football clubs gave a
very enjoyable dance on the evening
of Tuesday, the 2tst, at the Alexandra
Club, about two hundred, and fifty
guests being present. The committee
who were responsible for the success
of this dance, consisted of two members from each of the clubs, viz:
Messrs. Acland and Denniston, representing the Wanderers, and Messrs.
Milligan and Monteith the Law Students. The music, whicii was delightful, was supplied by Heaton's six-
'piece orchestra. The ball-room was
decorated with evergreens and poin-
settas, while the supper room was
tastefully arranged with red and white
carnations. Among the numerous
guests were Major and Mrs. Mills, Mrs.
Milne, Miss Thompson, Mr. and Mrs.
Victor Eliot, Mrs. Langley, Miss English, Miss Little, Mr. Wardle, Miss
Bodwell, Mrs. Geo. Courtney, Mr.
John Arbuckle, Mr. Ward, Mr. and
Mrs. W. Holmes, Miss Holmes, Mr.
Wallace, Mr. W. Cartwright, Mr. T.
Pemberton, Mr. Davis, Mr. Parker,
Mr. P. A. Landry, Mr. B. Landry,
Miss Pitts, Miss P. Mason, Miss New
combe, Mrs. A. Martin, Miss Bowron,
Miss Page, Mrs. A. S. Gore, Mr. E.
Brown, Mr. Trendall, Mr. R. King,
Mr. Bates, Mr. Carewe Martin, Miss
Verrinder, Mrs. Stevenson, Miss Rowley, Miss Clare Battle, Mr. J. Mason,
Dr. and Mrs. Hudson, Mr. Hudson,
Miss Hudson, Mr. and Mrs. Mclvor,
Miss Raymur, Mr. K. Raymur, Miss
Patton, Miss Maclure, Mrs. Burge,
the Misses Rant, Mr. and Mrs. Pascal
Walker, the Misses Bagshawe, Mr.
Lort, Miss Ross, Mr. Myerstein, Mr.
and Mrs. M. Cane, Miss Wadmore,
Mr. Tweedie, Mr. R. Harrison and
Mr. Westmoreland.
*   *   *
On Tuesday afternoon last the marriage of Mr. Geo. Ronald Macleod, of
Shandon, Scotland, youngest son of
the late Sir Geo. Macleod, and Winifred Ethel Napier Jessop, only daughter of the late Mr. Geo. H. Jessop, of
Crediton, Devonshire, was celebrated
at Christ Church Cathedral, by Very
Rev. the Dean of Columbia in the
presence of a large number of friends.
The choir was in attendance and the
chancel was beautifully decorated
with lilies and palms. The bride, who
was given away by her brother, Mr.
A. Napier Jessop, entered the church
to the strains of the bridal chorus
from "Lohengrin." She looked very
striking in a handsome gown of draped white satin, relieved with pearl
trimmings and a long court train
lined with pale pink chiffon and embroidered with true lover's knots. Her
wedding veil was caught back with a
coronet of orange blossoms and she
carried a bouquet of white roses and
lilies of the valley. She was attended
by Miss Aline Mackay as maid of
honour, and two 'bridesmaids, Miss
Gwen Bridgman and Miss Moll"
Woods, all of whom looked charming
in gowns of pale yellow satin with
ninon overdresses of the same color,
caught up with bunches of violets,
with these they wore black velvet hats
trimmed with bunches of yellow roses.
They carried bouquets of red roses,
lilies of the valley and violets. Mr.
Graham-Graham ably filled the duties
of best man, while Lieut. Moore, H.
M. C. S. Rainbow, and Mr. Hugh
Thornton were groomsmen. A reception was afterwards' held at the home
of the bride's brother, Carberry Gardens, where a large number of guests
gathered to congratulate the happy
pair. Mrs. Schwabe, sister-in-law of
the bride, who was among those present, looked very well in black velvet
trimmed with Honiton lace, with
which she wore a blue and green shot
silk hat trimmed with French roses.
She also wore a handsome set of martin furs. Later in the afternoon the
bride and groom left on the 4.30 boat
for Seattle en route on a trip round
the world. The bride travelled in
navy blue with a grey squirrel coat,
and a squirrel toque and muff. They
intend making their future home in
England. The bridegroom's gift to
the bride was a turquoise pendant, to
the maid of honour and bridesmaids
green enamel and pearl brooches, to
the best man a silver tobacco box and
to the groomsmen silver match boxes.
A Fine Collection
of Paintings
There is now on view at Messrs.
Sommer's Art Gallery a very fine collection of paintings in oil and water-
colours by well-known artists that no
true lover of Art should miss seeing;
and anyone viewing them will agree
that we are greatly indebted to Mr.
J. Cooling, the well-known art dealer
of Bond Street, London, who has
sent them out. Such a representative
collection of the work of some of
the best English and foreign painters
has probably never before been seen
in Victoria. Perhaps the statement
that Mr. J. Cooling is a gold medallist
of the Royal Academy will suffice to
explain the very high quality of the
work shown.
It is equally pleasant to see there
is no falling off in the work of some
of the painters whom we know, as it
is to recognize a high standard of excellence in the work of the younger
We hail with delight the work of
Claude Hayes, R.I., who has some
fine water-colours here. "On the Norfolk Flats" ancl "Darmington Common" being in his best style. There
are some fine examples of George
Clausen, R.A.; Yecd King, V.P.R.T.;
Weathcrbee, R.T.; C. Napier Henry,
R.A., R.W.S.; R. Noble, R.S.A.;
David Murray, R.A.; Amesby Brown,
R.A., whose "Evening" is one of the
gems of the collection.
It seems invidious almost to mention in detail the work of one artist
where all are good, and in a short
notice it is impossible to do justice
to such excellent work in a few words.
But names like Pratislaw, H. W. B.
Davis, R.A.; John Brett, A.R.A.; T.
B. Hardy, R.B.A.; Haynes King, R.
B.A., are a guarantee that every style
is here.
Number eight by Jean Marian is
one of the best examples of the new
school of thought in painting—grandly simple yet convincing in its subtlety of form and colour—a picture
that arrests the eye at the first glance
and to whicii one returns again with
increased pleasure and interest. A
similar work of force and beauty of
colour is No. 12 by A. W. Voorden.
The head of a girl by Jan Van
Beers is a beautifully finished bit of
work, the colouring of the girl's face
reminding one of Etty, whose flesh
tints were so remarkably pure and
There is a "Don Quixote" by Sir
John Gilbert, a David Cox and a cle
Windt, which seem a trifle out of
place in such a very modem collection, but are of interest to the con-
noiseur. We regret that space does
not admit of more than a casual reference to these and other equally
good pictures.
Of Victoria, British Columbia, He is at
present staying in London, at the Hyde
Park Hotel, and is engaged here in political work connected with the movement for
Colonial preference. Mr. Matson is
regarded as having done as much as any
man in Canada to defeat reciprocity.
He owns three newspapers in the provinces.
(Reproduced   in   "fac   simile"   from   the
London Bystander of January 8th)
What you want, the way you want it
Afternoon Tea, Dainty Luncheons,
Special Teas for parties by arrangement.    Do not forget—We always
keep on hand guaranteed
New Laid Eggs.
The TEA KETTLE   n» douglas st.
MISS M. WOOLDRIDGE, Proprietress        Opposite the Victoria Theatre
We Offer
A   first   class   stock   of
Apples,  Peart,  Cherries,
Prunes, Plums,  Peaches,
Apricots and small fruits.
Also Ornamental Trees and Shrubs, decidious and evergreen, Roses, etc.
The very finest quality and best assortment grown in B. C.   Catalogue
free.     Personal   inspection   invited.    Now   is   the   time   to   order.
Just what you need after a hard day's
work--A refreshing cup of
Goes farthest for the money
Just Opened—
New, Fire-Proof and Up-to-Date
Rates, $1.00 per Day and up.
Special Rates by the Week
by the
These words found
on every lube or jar
of Gosnell's Cherry
Tooth Paste meati
that after a consider
ation of the very
finest dentrifices the
world produces,
Queen Alexandra has
Adeline Genee
The London Morning Post of May
21, 1912, ill writing of Mme. Genee at
the Coliseum says: "Yesterday afternoon Mme. Adeline Genee reappeared
at the Coliseum, London has taken to
its heart Miss Maud Allan and many
Russian dancers, and without in the
least depreciating them it may fairly
be said that Mme. Genee still stands
alone. The piece in which she reappears in a new little ballet, "La Cam-
argo," founded on an incident in the
:areer of Mlle. Camargo, a favourite
of Louis XV. It is contrived by Mr.
C. Wil'helm, and the very attractive
and appropriate music is furnished by
Gosnell's Cherry
Tooth Paste
as the Dest and has
given its makers tlle
■racious favor of a
oyal Appointment.
Surely such a critical
selection as this
should mean some*
thing to you.
Get them at your
druggists today or
46    Front    St    W.,
diss Dora Bright. It has a story which
is set out on a slip inserted in the
programme and on the screen.
Wheter any story interpreted in dance
and action should need such succour
is open to question. One feels that the
story should tell itself. That, however,
is not the way in which things are
done and in this case the story is better than most. Briefly it tells how by
her dancing Mile. Camargo induces
the King to pardon Gaston, a friend
of her childhood, for having struck an
officer who has made her insulting
proposals. The main point is, however,
that it enables Mme. Genee, wearing
long skirts, to charm not only Louis
XV. but a large Coliseum audience,
even daintier than her dainty surroundings, she exhibits the most delicious dancing, and is equally pretty
in her pert poutings and her delicate
distresses. Mme. Genee will appear
at the Victoria Theatre on Tuesday,
Feb. 18.
A procession of the finest homemade and imported Delicatessen flies
out of the Kaiserhof daily.
for 5 Cents
The luxury of a Shampoo
may be enjoyed as often as
you will at a cost of less
than 5 cents each time.
Bmves' Rosemary, Camphor
and Borax Hair Wash used
once a week will keep the hair
and scalp in perfect condition.
Cleansing and stimulating.
Per package 5c, or six for 25c.
Cyrus H. Bowes
The Old Established
Drug Store
1228 Government Street
Phones 425 and 450
Victoria Carnival
Will  you   help   the  Victoria
Carnival Week, August 4th to
gth, 1913?   Write or phone the
214 Pemberton Bldg. Phone 620 THE WEEK, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1913
"Sotto Voce
The Week's Rumours and
(By The Hornet)
That the Mayoral election recalls
. old game of "Now you see it and
w you don't see it."
* *   *
That some people think there was
|te a bit of thimble-rigging about
recent election.
* *   *
Iriiat the denouement furnished a
lution to the question, "When is a
|iyor not a Mayor?"
* *   *
Iriiat, to cut a long story short, we
|  all breathe easier now.
* *   *
That "Bob" Porter has received the
(.ognition to which he was entitled
Chairman of the Streets Commit-
* #   *
■That Alderman Cuthbert has a fine
Iportunity to prove what he can do
\ chairman of the Finance Commit-
* *   #
That if he makes a success of the
fice it will pave the way to the May-
* *   »
Pha't every fair-minded man will be
Ild that Alderman W. F. Fullerton
Is been reinstated in his    old posi-
* *   *
That there should be no red tape in
laling with the water question; it is
It merely a matter of emergency,
|t of imminent danger.
* *   *
IThat the offer of the Esquimalt
later Works Company is extremely
|r and disarms criticism.
* *   *
IThat the Attorney-General's new
Jrearms Bill is one of the most im-
Irtant pieces of legislation that he
|s ever tackled.
* *   *
IThat if it becomes law and is hon-
fcly enforced, it will do more than
lything- else to prevent the Ameri-
liization of British Columbia.
* *   *
llhat carrying a gun is one of the
|osyncrasies of our neighbours
lich can be best spared.
Annual Sale
Any Suit, Overcoat or Hat at
Half Price on
Saturday and
Monday Only.
Black and Blue Suits and
Stetson Hats Excepted
Home ol Hobberlin Clothes
606-608 Yates St.
I Tailoring Branch at 720 Yates St.
That this law will mean "Skiddoo"
for the hold-up man, the thug and/ the
* *   *
That the Committee of the Y. W. C.
A. has not yet paid Miss Mesher that
* *   *
That it takes* some gall to publish
a panegyric on this institution while
such a wrong remains unrighted.
* *   *
That there is a little lull in pugilistic circles since "Kid" Scaler defeated
* *   *
That the others are not now quite
so eager to come on.
* *   *
That the Victoria Rugby team won
with a wide margin over Vancouver
last Saturday.
* *   *
That the main superiority was in
the forward play.
* *   *
That the Vancouver forwards were
too beefy to operate successfully on
the heavy field,
* *   *
Tha't one sometimes has to go away
from home to learn the news.
* *   *
That some people have been under
the impression that the Canadian who
did most to defeat Reciprocity was R.
L. Borden, but the London Bystander
thinks otherwise.
* *   *
That it is a great pity that those
ignorant London papers should not,
when they speak of Canadian men of
note, give them their proper titles.
* *   *
That the Bystander of all papers
ought to know that when the gentleman whose photograph appears on
page io of this issue, was last in London, he had the honourable degree of
F.R.G.S. conferred upon him.
* *   *
That Victoria society is threatened
with a "cause celebre." This would be
the second time of asking.
* *   *
That the Carnival Committee is
making splendid progress and securing an effective organization.
* *   *
That on the principle that many
hands make light work it seems to be
in a position to command success.
* *   *
That the Board of Trade is showing considerably more vitality these
days than for a long time past.
* *   *
That its traditional policy of "laissez-faire"   is being   superseded    by
"hey, presto."
* *   *
That there are many things this organization could do if it had the courage.
* *   *
That without undue interference it
has exerted a judicious influence   in
the settlement of the water question.
* *   *
That the question of the cost of living is surely one in which it might legitimately take an interest.
* -t,   *
That the German banquet was, as
usual, a great success.
* *   *
That the Imperial German consul
has no superior as a chairman.
* *   *
That some of the speeches were
good and others not worth reporting.
* *   *
That Chief Justice MacDonald and
the- Editor of The Week, although
guests, proposed the toast of "The
Guests"—vide Colonist.
* *   *
That the musical entertainment was
excellent, but Richard Burton, although clever, verged on the smutty
and could have been spared.
* *   *
That once more "Hornet" commends the attentions of the City
Council to-the desirability of taxing
* *   *
That it would be an easy and legitimate mean's of increasing the municipal revenues.
* *   »
That some of the selling-out advertising used in Victoria is calculated
to give a visitor a very poor impression of the city.
That Miss Barbara Wylie has arrived in Victoria and is said to look
quite lady-like.
* *   *
That it is difficult to believe all the
hard things which have been said of
her by herself.
»   *   *
That some of the local militant suffragettes do not love her, or if they
do, they have successfully dissembled
their love,
* *   *
That they stopped short of kicking
her down stairs, but not because of
excess of affection.
* *   *
That if Miss Wylie had known that
Victoria already had one fully equipped and accredited militant suffragette
she might have kept out of our backyard.
* *   *
That the British authorities seem to
be as impotent as ever in face of the
vagaries of "gentle" woman.
* *   *
That there is one cure which Mr.
Asquith has not yet had the courage
to try—the water cure.
* *   *
That in this method of treatment
the aqueous fluid is applied by means
of a 'hose and nozzle.
* *   *
That August Strindberg's "Confessions of a Fool" should be renamed
"M'aunderings of an Idiot."
* *   *
That if he had been blessed with a
brother-in-law of the muscular type
this fool book would never have been
* *   *
That the Colonist editorial of Friday gave a thrilling description of the
suffragette   Who   jumped   from   the
* *   *
That it says "she was saved by bystanders who caught her skirts and
held her."
* *   *
That the following remark: "Surely this can be nothing else than an
exhibition of insanity," is slightly ambiguous,  even if th'e quintessence of
* *   *
That until yesterday the popular impression was that the latest discovery
of science was the dictaphone.
* *   *
That the following despatch in the
Colonist would seem to cast doubt
on this: "Born at Edinburgh, Scotland, on the 25th inst., to the wife of
the late R. G. Hutchison, a son (by
* *   *
That there are many things which
"ought never to have been printed"
in the Colonist besides its unauthorized declaration about election bets.
* *   *
That the incident is unique and will
never be forgotten as furnishing an
illustration of the only subject on
w'hich "the Colonist does not pose as
an authority."
* *   *
That the militant suffragettes are already raising—Cain over the throw-
down they have received.
* *   *
That some people think an old
fashioned remedy which has not yet
been tried might be effective—raising
* *   *
That the guess of the Colonist that
they are all insane may not be very
wide of the mark.
* *   *
That put in a nut-shell, the truth is
that they want what men have got,
but do not know how to get it.
A High Favorite is the Cafe of the
Kaiserhof Hotel.
At a general meeting of the subscribers held on 29th inst., it was remitted to the Directors to appoint an
Auditor of the Company. Three
names were suggested for the office,
and of these the Directors have today selected Mr. Charles A. Forsythe,
C. A.
Mrs. Peck—"My husband was such an ardent lover. You should have seen how he
pressed his suit on mc."
Mrs. Heck—"Yes, and now he complains
because you wear the trousers."
After Theatre— SUPPER AT THE
■- CAFE -
EVENING 6.30 to 12.30
The Best is None
Too Good
The Best is also the Cheapest—We
have the best in Surveyors',
Cruisers' and Hunters' High Top
Boots. They come in black and
tan and are made of the best leather
obtainable and by the best wonc-
men in the land. These lines are
from such well known manufacturers as Florsheim, Slater, Copland Ryder, and Nolan, Earl,
makers    of    the    Petaluma    Boot.
Ask to see the Jefferson Boot.
W. Cathcart &
631 FORT ST.
The Union Steamship Company, Ltd. of B.C.
The Boscowitz Steamship Co., Ltd.
Sailings every Wednesday for Campbell River, Hardy Bay, Rivers
Inlet, Ocean Falls, Bella Coola.
Sailings every Saturday for Namu, Bella Bella, Skeena River,
Prince Rupert, Naas, Granby Bay, Stewart.
Phone 1925. 1003 Government Street
JAMES BUCHANAN & CO., by Royal Appointment
Purveyors to H. M. King George the V. and the Royal Household.
Distillers of the popular
"Black.& White" Scotch Whisky
Unsurpassed in Purity, Age and Flavor &'l Dealers
Gluten Products
We always carry a complete line of, as recommended
by the Medical fraternity
Kellogg's 40% Gluten Biscuits, per packet 50c
"        40%     "       Flour, 5-lb. sack  $1,60
"        40%     " "   30-lb. sack  $7,75
"        40%     " "   (bulk), per lb 30c
Brusson, Gluten Bread (15 loaves), per pkt $'.50
" "       Semolina       "       25
"      Macaroni  .   .   .   .     "       50
" "       Noodles      "       25
" "      Pates      "       25
H. 0. Kirkham & Co., Ltd.
74i. 743 745 FORT STREET
Grocery Store Butcher Shop Liquor Store
Tels. 178,179 Tel. 2678 Tel. 2677
\/o1^1^i-1 tl_PC   Five Cents to One Dollar
V alCllLlIlCo   New & Dainty Designs
Don't Forget Your Sweetheart
Victoria Book & Stationery Co., Ltd.
1004 Government Street Telephone 63 12
Canada's Duty to the Empire and
Last week we urged the necessity
for the prompt formulation of a permanent naval policy. In the present
article while discussing the effect and
utility of a fleet unit on the Pacific
seaboard, we shall adduce additional
reasons for its establishment; for it
may be that we assume too much in
taking it for granted that such a unit
will be a sine qua non of Mr. Borden's
In building up the Empire it is of
paramount importance to remember
that free choice of its destiny on the
part of each constituent entity is essential to coherency, and to securing
■that content which yields perennial
devotion to an .ideal.
Nationhood Within the Empire
It can safely be postulated that
Canada's ideal is nationhood within
the Empire, a veritable Imperium in
Imperio. A native navy is an indispensable of this status, and yet neither
the material nor the personnel of such
a navy can be secured in a shorter
period than from io to 25 years.
In the meantime it seems inevitable
that we must have located here a Pacific fleet unit from the Imperial navy;
because the Pacific seaboard is the
most vulnerable point of the Dominion; and it will become more so with
the opening of the Panama Canal,
which will soon flood the Pacific with
the world's commerce and render it
a rival of the Atlantic in the myriads
of vessels traversing its waters. Canadian commerce will be a leading feature of the Pacific trade traffic, and
the trade routes and sea-highways
must be safeguarded. A fleet unit, in
short, is necessary to replace our
present unprotectedness with a sense
of security. But it would effect much
more than that; for while it would inaugurate a new policy of national development, and be a constant reminder to our people of their duty and
destiny, it would also serve to generate a spirit of nationhood* which, so
far as naval and military service is
concerned, seems far removed from
the average Canadian mind. Of course
the Clarion's blast would dispel his
illusion, and rousing him from apathy
cause him to rush to the defensive.
But without training he would be
worthless as fighting material.
Home-Made Sailors
Practical patriotism must be revived in Canada's rising manhood. The
personnel of a national navy cannot
be recruited from (he ranks of the
foreigner, however muoh they may
have been used to oust our own kith
and kin, yea, our own people, from
legitimate employment in other walks
of life. Canada herself must learn to
provide the men to man her own
navy from the ranks of her own people; and there is no better way of
doing this than through a Pacific fleet
unit which from the start would inaugurate a system of gradually replacing British with Canadian sailors,
British ships with Canadian, so that
steadily and almost imperceptibly a
complete transformation being affected, we would have presented to us the
nucleus of a real national navy of
Canadian ships and Canadian men,
with Canadian ambitions. There would
begin the regeneration of the true national spirit; and the replacing of all
unpatriotic traits, with those higher
desires which, though begotten of
personal ambitions yet are inspired
with the fervour of unselfish love of
A Co-Ordinated Navy
As the fleet unit expanded and
evolved into a navy nucleus it would
come more and more into contact
with the Australian navy; and the
arts of war acquired by the scientific
manoeuvering and mimic warfare carried on between the two forces whose
conjoint operation would effectually
ipolice the Pacific not only along the
trade routes but throughout the entire zone of possible danger.
While the navy forces would thus,
for practical as well as training and
development purposes, be in constant
touch and frequent contact, ready to
respond to the call of duty or danger
in any part of the Empire, it would
not be advisable to unite them under
one command. To do this would mean
the extinguishment of the spirit of
rivalry which we should like to s*ee
fostered for many a year to come between the uprising nationalities of the
north and south Pacific. Friendly emulation would be a spur to activity, a
powerful stimulant of national ideals
and a generator of patriotic enthusiasm to meet them.
Canada's sons would quickly respond to the call of country; the real
fascinations of a naval career would
appeal to their spirit of adventure;
and before a decade the stigma would
be removed which asserts that if the
ships of a navy were instantly conjured into existence, Canada could not
provide the men to man them or even
to face an imminent invasion.
While thus we discourse on the
navy, its initiation and development,
and the dependence of our nationality
upon its strength, we disclaim the
thought that we are propagating the
spirit of war. We are averse from war
except in self-defence; and defence of
his country is a principle which
should be inculcated in the mind of
every Canadian youth; and training
for it, in some one of its phases,
should form an unshirkable feature of
his school curriculum. Afterwards, according to his pleasure, he might or
might not join some branch of the
army or navy service; but in any case
the school training would tend to
make him, not only physically and
mentally efficient for the great battle
of life, but equipped in some degree
at least, to take his part in defending
his country if the aggression of others
should render war inevitable.
No Guarantee of Peace
The era of universal peace is no
nearer than it was to the heroic sires
who won Canada for the Canadian.
War is only less* frequent now, simply because the forces employed are
more formidable, their destructive-
ness more unlimited, and the superiority which fosters a feeling of certain
victory, almost impossible to attain.
But the monster of war is ever menacing, and preparations for it go on unceasingly throughout the world. Even
the United States which years ago, as
emphatically as Canada does now,
proclaimed a policy of peace and
good-will to the world, and declared
that nothing but self-defence could
unsheath her sword, ranks today third
among the world's great navy-equipped nations. Her universal peace
doctrine did not deter her from war
preparation; and each rising generation evinces increasing enthusiasm for
the Stars, and Stripes in the numbers
attending the naval and* military
schools and academies and afterwards
joining the ranks of the regular service.
Defend the Flag
Canadians have here an object lesson. They cannot satisfy patriotism
by merely singing "The Maple Leaf
Forever" and then ignore or relegate
to the Old Countryman the duty and
obligation of defending their flag both
by land and sea.
The irresponsible and erratic element has* to be eradicated* from the
young Canadian, if this country is to
attain the great destiny which its vast-
ness and richness of varied resources
indicate. A new view of life's duties
has to be presented through a new
system. There is no more opportune
time to inaugurate such a system than
the present juncture.
By the discussion of Britain's naval
emergency tire mind of the country
has been clarified; a double light has
been reflected on Canada's past delinquency and on her future duty, and
we behold Sir Wilfrid Laurier, aft
lying many years under the sopori
spell of his own sophistry, calli
with frenzy for the instant constn
tion of a navy, and urging the G<
eminent to impossible activity,
.mention this only to urge that poli
cal fireworks must not be permitt
to delude the people or the Govei
ment before whom lies a formidal
duty. Th'e call to enter upon it is i
perative and we must respond with t
promptitude of patriots, spontaneoi
ly and not with faltering.
Elegantly furnished rooms at r
sonable prices—by the day, week
month—at the Kaiserhof.
Normal School, Victoria.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed "Te..
for Normal School, Victoria," will be receh
by the Honourable the Minister of Pui
Works up to 12 o'clock noon of Friday,
28th day of February, 1913, for the erect
and completion of a Normal School Build
at Victoria, B. C.
' Drawings, specifications, contract, and for
of tender may be seen at the offices of
Government  Agents  at  Vancouver  anal  N
Westminster, and at the Department of Pui
Works, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.
Intending tenderers can, by applying to
undersigned,   obtain   one   copy   of   the  dr;
in-Ts  and   one  copy  of  the   specifications
the sum of fifty dollars ($50).
Each tender must be accompanied by
accepted bank cheque or certificate of depe
on a chartered bank of Canada, made paya
to thc Honourable tbe Minister of Pui
Works, for a sum equal to ten (10) per ce
of his tender, which shall be forfeited if
party tendering decline to enter into contr
when called upon to do so, or if he fail
complete thc work contracted for, "1
cheques or certificates of deposit of uns
cessful tenderers will be returned to th
upon thc execution of the contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless mt
out  on  the  forms  supplied,  signed  with
actual signature of the tenderer, and cnclo!
in the envelopes furnished.
The  lowest   or  any  tender  not  neeessat
Public Works Engineer
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B.C., 29th January, 191,1.
feb 1 ' fel:
Rare Assembly of New Grandfather
Clocks on Our Third
Considerable attention of visitors to our Furniture Department is being
attracted by the artistic array of Grandfather Clocks which came in a couple
of days ago. Several have the Westminster chimes which strike every quarter
hour. Mahogany cases $225 and $400; mahogany cases without the chimes,
$75, $100 and $125.  Early English cases $50 and $100; Golden Oak cases $55.
Whether you intend purchasing or not, come in and see them—they are
fully worth your attention.


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