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The Prospector Mar 21, 1903

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PROSPECTOR.
Vol. 5. No. 35.
LILLOOET, B.C., SATURDAY, MARCH 21, 1903.
$1.00 a year.
■A LEGACY TO CANADA
THE   PRESENT   ALASKA    BOUNDARY
DISPUTE OF LONG STANDING.
How the Dispute Originally Arose—What
Ih the I oast ?— Determination of the
Line Is a l.i-jjul Oii»-~tion- l.mv ami
Usage—The Area in Dispute -I anatla.
Chlef Contention 1* tor au Outlet to
the Sea.
Neither Canada nor the United
States can claim to be an original
jiaity to the Alaskan dispute wnich
is at last to go to a sort of arbitration; Uncle Sam bought his share
of the contention from iitissia; Canada received its portion as a legacy
whi.h Uii.i.-.h Columbia had inherited from British Governments.
How the L>i~pute Arose.
The boundary dispute takes us a
long way  baci-.      One hundred    and
; si..t,v-iw_ _eais ago a liussian ex-
11-ivr named B-hrihg accomplished a
•feat to wi.i.h we now owe the present problem, Lie led an expedition
to the north-eattarn extremity of
Siiiei ia, crossed a narrow strait,
which he named the Louring Strait,
and icached the Continent of America at the north-uis.-ily extremity.
'Ihis new country lie nallied Al-ak-
shak, or ''mainland," and that word
1ms been corrupted iiito Alaska.
Leniing was followed by fur hunters,
who found a'juiuii'.n.e of sea. otter,
seal, and beaver, Ai'tor ih-ase came
the great XtuSuiau-Aiiie-iictifl i ur
Com; any, the ollicers of Which for
G!J years were the Jowls of the Nortli
in that part of the world.
Meanwhile the British had invaded
the district from the east, ami were
exploring and occupying the country
thro gh i ~ agency of the North-
West -i idiug Couipa.iy., whoso operations ox-.nded irom th- Arctic
Ocean to the Gulf of California, it
soon l.e.iimo necessary for Circa'
Britain and Jltissia to lix the limits
of their rcspeeti\e te.i torics, which
they atUiuipted tb do by tha Treaty
of 1825. Tins treat,' is tho bas... of
the present controversy. Its alleged
inaccuracies and umliiguitics have
kept the boundary question unsettled
dining more than threerquartei's of a
century. In 18(57 when tiie United
States bought Alaska from Russia
for $7,200,000, tho Russian side of
the controversy passed over to the
Republic, and the same year saw tho
birth of the Dominion of Canada,
whi.h eventually took over the Biitish side of the cate.
Ml,ut Is lhe Coast?
Many interesting points have been
raised in connection with this particular treaty, but thc most important,
so far as the boundary is concerned,
is "What constitutes the coast of the
the ocean?" Under article III. the
boundary line was to follow the
Bumniit of the mountains situated
parallel to the coast. By article IV.
it was provided that wherever the
mountains weie more than ten
leaguis (80 miles) from the coast
the boundary shall follow the windings of the coast, but neicr exceeding ten leaguis therefrom. Now several i|iiestiiins arise in this connection. Does the- coast constitute the
outer fiingo if islands or does it begin with the mainland? if it is i-on-
iined to the mainland, does the coast
follow all the bays and inlels to
their head even when that would carry the boundary far beyond the
range of mountains'. If it does,
some very remarkable results are
obtained. The Lynn Canal, which
at its widest nutlet is only four
miles and three-quarter., wide, would
carry the boundary 70 miles inland,
and then 80 miles beyond tidal waters. Another inlet.. Glacial' Bay,' is
only throe and ,i half miles wide, and
•jxtends _o mius inianu. ihe contention of the United States is that
the boundary follows the shores of
these inlets as though they were the
shores of tho ocean. The effect of
this contention of sustained would /he
to deny Canada any outlet to the
Pacific along four or live hundied
nii'cs of coast where it has been specially agreed that there shall lie free
and uninterrupted traffic to and from
the interior, it was stipulated by
Russia in the Treaty of 18-h*. that
Russians should always have the
piivilege of resorting to Brilish harbors in case of necessity, yet, under
the reading of tho United States authorities, theie are to be no liritish
harbors whatever.
Law uml Isnge.
The determination of the coast line
is a. legal Question on which there
has been much controversy. Many
authoiiiies might be quoted to show
that where the coast i.s identified
with bays it is customary to draw
an imaginary line from one promontory to the other. The law of some
of the States Vf fhr neighboring Union is speci.'lc on thi. point. Some
of them enact that "when an inlet or
arm of the sea does not exceed two
marine leagues in width (six mat ine
mi'es) between its headlands, a
straight line from one heacland to
the other is equivalent to the shore
line." And this view has heen sus-
tai'ied by the Supreme Court of the
United States. which has de'lu'd
that "bays wholly within the te: ri-
tory of a nati in, and not exceeding
si. irile1! at the mouth, are part cf
the te-'iitory of the nnli in in which
they lie." In this Connection it is
only fii ir to point out tlmt the'Lynn
Canal has three ocean outlets caused hy the islands that lie at it-
mouth, and that though no singl'
outlet aggregate.", six miles, they all
combined make ei dit miles. Tt has,
however, always been judicially hold
that in such a case e leh island is
considered as part of the shore.
"he Area In Dispute.
So far as Canada is concerned, the
main contention has been for an outlet to the sea. Indeed the Canadian
Government offered on a recent occasion to abandon the claim to the
greater portion of the territory, including Dyea and..Skoguay, provided
it was conceded that Canada had tho
light to Pyramid Harbor, which
would afford it a highway into the
Intel ior. This proposal was declined.     We fall back, therefore, on   the
territorial lights originally claimed,
less the important concessions made
in the new arrangement. Altogether
the territory and inland water in dispute is about 820 miles from north
to south, and 14 to 70 miles wide.
It is a territory which is snid to be
rich in gold deposits. It has very
valuable fishing grounds.
What It. Means to I's.
But still more, important is the
fact that, ai cording to the United
States contention, it liars the way
between the Canadian Yukon and
the sea. This renders it possible for
the United States to control the
natural entrance to Canada's important gold fields. We have now
in that far-off country, close to the
Ai'cti:' Circle, a city in which twelve
millions of Canadian capital have
been invested. Dawson City is now
a fixture, with all the adjuncts of a
growing metropolis. Its trade and
that of the surrounding country,
which is serviceable for agriculture
as well as mining, has to go through
Unit eil States channels, and. to be
subjected to all the inconveniences
and expenses pf passing through a
foreign country. In a military sense
the situation is embarrassing.
Uncle Sam has sought to corral
the Canadian Yukon, and, now he
has submitted his case to arbitration on terms however that are not
above criticism..
Dominion Government Totes Monies
For Public Works.
The Vote ol tlie Dominion Government fur Provincial Pl'lbjic
'Vo'ks includes one ileni Unit is
lull 6f interest to every I.iiiooet
citizen, especially- if (lie News-Advertiser's figures ;ire correct. -Ve
refer lo the uppropriution for
clearing the outlets of the Anderson nud l-t'iineily Lakes, for
which, accord+ifg- to the above
authority, nn appropriation of
#25;000 hns been intuit.. We hope
I liis is true, for then there will be
;i stretch of 35 miles of navigable wn ter between this town nnd
the Petnbertoii Meadows, nnd
I his will oo fur to supply the need
of the Pemherlou people foran
outlet for their produce, nnd will
hls.ogive boutfncilities to within
I miles of the Anderson Luke
.Mines nnd other mining properties in thnf, section. The feasibility of cleuring _w, distance of
channel between lhe Seton and
Anderson Lakes, 1ms often been
inaint.iiued.
Railway Competition.
The presence in Ottawa during
1'ie p<:st (biy or two of Messrs.
McKenzie & Mann, is an indicnt-
ion that one of the greatest
struggles of the session has commenced. Which pnrty will prove
the stronger—the Canadian Northern syndicate or the promoters
of the Grand Trunk Pacific?
Since parliament has opened I he
ministerial following' hus found
uo difficulty in sizing up the situation, and nre ranging them
selves with the Grand Trunk
wing of the cabinet which happens to be by far the stronger of
the two. Practically only two
ministers, can he counted upon
to stand by the Canadian Northern; but notwithstanding the
denials which may be forthcoming, the upshot will be the pooling of the interests of the Grand
Trunk Pacific .ind the Canadian
Northern syndicates.
WANTED,— A TRUSTWORTHY GKNThKMAN
or ludy in .null i-oiutly to llltllliige business fur
mt old established liousoofsollil financial standing, a straight, liniiii lide cash salary ol |18,00
lniiil liy check oai'li Wednesday tvilh all oxpou-
o.s ill reel from headquarter-* Money ad.iine-
eil for expmi-os.'
Malinger,-III CllXlOll HuiMing, Chicago.
CHURCH DISCIPL Nfi BILL.
The entire day in the Inp.rial H uise
last Friday was < ecu pied with the dis-
i'ii-»ion of the Ghiiri-h iDsciplii.e Bill,
which passed ils second reading by 23'.
to 51 vote". The Archbishop of Cantei-
biny and Lord llaliiax, President- of the
English   Union, occupied seats   in  the
P* eis' G.llerv.
The debate which was strictly on n n-
p. riy line., bruiij.li! out a siiong ,enti-
iiient on both .id. _ ul ihe II use against
extreme Ritualism. Tne Bill pjo| ases
to give the Civil Courts the right io
take I'tigiilz.ince of proceedings brought
liy laymen, lo prevent the practice of
extreme ritualism,abolishes ihe I>i-1. ip's
tigiit to the veto and provides that offending tleigvmeii may be de] rived of
sheir livings.
—oo—
I~._3_.RAT.  CONVE . PIO st.
Tlie Leaders of tne Liberal Party are
urgai izihg their forces for » probable
Proviiici.il eecliun al.ng partv lire,
and an announced el-ewhere, a Cotiveii-
t o*i is being called for Apiil 10 li to perfect arrangements, Theie s ems tu be
a de. lis. on the pari i f some ol the Libera' leaders to eliminate Joseph Martin
from the political arena. Mi.* supporter*
however have piepareii for such action
hy having everyihiug in leadiness lo
launch a new parly which will ally itself Willi none, and will take lor its
m >uo: 'The Wesl for the West."
—u~—
Ontario Politics
WIRELESS
Quite a stir litis been caused in
Ontario by the charge of bribery
made ngninst a colleague of Premier Ross. The charge will be
investigated before judges of repute. In the mean time the following facts are in the Premier's
favor:
He wjis in England when tbe alleged deed was done; he regards
(lie charge seriously, and is preparing to give the licenser avtivy
opportunity to prove liis charges, find the expenses ns far ns
possible will be paid by the gov
eminent.
—oo—
riarconi's Rival.
The Ontario Gazette announces the incorporation of the ])e
Forest Wireless Telegraph Company, of Canada, witli a capital
stock of #2,5oo,ooo, divided into 25,000 of #100 ench. The
head office of the company will
be in Toronto nnd the provisional directors are Alexander Ale
[Cell-lie, iiccountant; 10. G. Long,
barrister, Charles V. Helmet, and
WT. Teniplelon, all of Toronto.
Tlie charter permits thein to acquire nil tlie inventions and right
of Lee De Forest, rein ting to
wireless lelegrnphy.
Domestic
find
Foreign
..DISPATCHES
A nn veinent is ou font to have a free
postal delivery al Windsor,
The Shamrock III. was launched suc-
•e.sfully lastTtiesilay.
A ceiisu* of China has just been completed by the authorities. It shone a
population of .2(5,-147,000.
The Canadian Northern is to spend
one and a half million dollars on ils railway terminus at Winnipeg.
Tne Marcuiii Compiny is -looking for
a suitable station on thu Pacific Coast.
Tiie Piovincial Uoyeuiaietit has decided lo reserve the rich oil and coal lauds
of S uHh-E.i. t Knoienav.
Mr. Dunsmuir refuses to permit the
union of bis employees with the Western Federation of Miners.
The Westward movements of the tide
nf niiiiiigiatioii is leaching British Col -
timbi'i.
Sir Thomas 8h tu^hnessy says that if
the C.P.R. i* given the fast Atlantic service, cmitract it will build a fleet of 20-
kuotiers for   ihat work.
Sir Wilfred Laurier has given formal
notice of 1 is measure for the increase
of his Chinese poll-tax.
Colonial Secretary Chamberlain and
wife were welcomed home from South
Africa by a great popular demonstration
at Southampton.
The Canadian Pacific Railway traffic
receipts for the week ending March 14th
were $806,000. For ihe same week of
last year they were $684,000.
A Bill has been introduced into the
Manitoba Legislature providing for a
bond guarantee of $10,000 a mile on 338
miles of new branch lines for the Canadian Northern Railway. The pitvious
guarantee on Canadian Northern lines
was only $8,000 a mile.
The rush of immigrants to the North
West is Unabated, every regular andj all
special trains being crowded with new
settlers for the wheat-belt line. Nine
hundred and fifty who came out on tbe
Parisian fr.m England, were mostly
young men and had secured situations
before leaving home.
The Directors of the Trans-Canada
Railway wailed on Premier Ross and
the Cabinet this week, and asked for a
_rant of 20,000 nere~ per mile, lor the
Railway or 6,000,000acres in all. They
would take the rrant and carry iu settlers free. The Premier promised consideration.
iSllbscribe for The PBOSPECTOtt THE   PKOSPEOTOU, ULLOOET, B.C., MARCH 21. 1903.
THE  PROSPECTOR.
PUBLISHED   EVERY   SATURDAY
AT LILLOOET, B.C.
BY  TIIH I'KOSI'KCI'OII ..BUSKIN-  COMPANY
THE   I'kOSI'l-X I Ok is the only paper published in the Lillooet Ilistriet, and i.s all home
Printed.
Subscriptions: One Dollar a year in advance.
Advertising rules made known on application.
Correspondence is InvJleiloii all mallei's of
public or local interest. All-oniiniiiif-Hlioiis
must, lie accompanied liy tin- name of the
writer, lint not necessarily for publication.
St. Patrick's Day.
THE SHAM ROCK.
Won't you buy a  spray iv shamrock,
your lionot ?
Atra but you would—but you will,
All bone! the pride iv it!
You'll  lind it in  the glade, growing
modest in tbe shade,
An' be tiie same token on  tbe crown
iv the bill!
—oo—
Won't you buy a spray iv shamrock,
your honor?
For the sake of your brave soldier son?
Ab bone! 'tis said iv it
That the boys bred iv it
Will storm  the ruiiaed  height,   anil
while they live they'll Might
Be the same token till the day is won.
News Advertiser.
—oo—
Zero
The Upper Country lias been visited
by exceptionally cold and stormy weather of late. Reports from the various sections of this District show that there has
not been the greal losses in livestock
that other districts report,yet even with
us the depleted bay yard, and const'-
qu.nt diminished rations to the stock
have told their tale on many a ranch.
Of course, the Indian- were the first to
lose the litlle monk they li id, scant provision having been made for tucb a winter. The writer counted six dead cay
usi s on lhe road side between this town
and Pavilion last Saturday. If the mortality over tbe rest of the range was
in proportion there will be a scarcity ol
such stock this bu miner.
—oo—
Recreation Grounds
The news ihat the Provincial
Government lias setiusiile Block
IX for the purpose of a park, Iimh
been received witli pleasure by all
the citizens of our town. The
readiness with which the government met the wishes of the people
is the subject of uiiicn favorable
comment, antl the value of such
a gift will become more anil more
evident as the town grows.
—oo—
Fraser Gold
The locking up, by frost, of the
streams that feed the Fraser, 1ms
made this river fall far below the
usual low-water mark, and the
Indians ami Chinese have nob
been slow to seize the opportunity to work the new ground.
The Fountain Indians, who are
working a short distance above
the Southard mine, seem to have
had continuous success, one gold
buyer in town having received
$60 worth of dust from that
point last week. Other buyers
give similar reports. These facts
support the belief in fabulous
wealth beneath the waters of the
I- ci user. Now for a d ret lge to
scoop up the bed gravels successfully!
—oo—
WANTKD,- A TRUSTWORTHY GENTLEMAN
or lady in each county to Diamine business for
an old established bouse of solid financial standing. A straight, bollH fide cash salary ol $18,0-
liaid li) chock ea'h Wednesday with all cxpen-
es direct from headquarter.. Money advanced for expenses.
Manager, 340 Caxton Building, Chicago.
K§§lpS
REPEATING  RIFLES
repeat. They don't jam, catch, or fail to extract.
In a word, they are the only reliable repeaters.
Winchester rifles are made in all desirable
calibers, weights and styles ; and are plain,
partially or elaborately ornamented, suiting every
purpose,   every   pocketbook,   and   every  taste.
WINCHESTER   AMMUNITION
made for all kinds of shooting in all kinds of guns.
r-D _. _•    Send name ind address on a Postal
r KLt    for our 164-page Illustrated Catalog.
WINCHESTER REPEATING ARMS CO., NEW HAVEN, CONN.
ASTHMA CURE FREE.
Asthmalene brings instant relief and permanent
Cure    In   All   Cases*
SENT-\HSOUJTE.A' FIU.E ON Rl.O.EIP l* GW TOSTAL.
Wl MY. Y0l.M-N~.all- ANI) AUI.RKSS PLAINLY.
NOTICE.
Subscribe for The TuosPECTOit
NOTICK is hereby given that an applic-
;i on will he made by the Canada Central
I". ilway Company to the Parliament of Can-
a ,i at ihe iie.,t session thereof for an Act
giving the said Company power to construct
and operate Ihe following lines bom or in
connection wiih ihe main line of the •said
Railway:—
i- From some point al or near
Stnlbuiy in tin.' Province of Ontario lo a poinl
at or near ^coii.i Junction; thence southerly
ion point at or near lialsain or Sturgeon
Lakes i.'i the townships of Rowley, Vorulam
or Kciielon, continuing southerly to the City
of Toronto.
2- From some point on the
main line in the District of Keewntin or in
Di~;rict of Sackutchewnn, to Port Churchill
on Hudson's Ray.
3" A continuation of its ninin
line from 'Pels Juan Cache by way of the
The Thompson nnd Fraser River valleys io
Vancouver, or New Westminster,
4 • lioin some point on the
Thompson Uiver or some uf its (.Militaries to
Wnikliiiglon Harbor or Rule Inlet.
5-- From a point mar the old
.i:e of Foit As-inilioiu in .snme point nn llie
I'.-ate Uiver and westerly to ihe Portland
Canal on ihe Pacific.
6, From some poinl on the main
'ine of Bald Railway al or nenr ilie Mon real
Uiver in he Province ofOntnrin e aerly to
some point on lhe <».i incau River in lhe
Province oi t.uebcc.
And lo exercise with r»gnrd lo
such lines all lhe powers and privileges given lu ihe said Company by ils Act oflncor-
poialioii.
DATED at Toronto ihis toih day of
January, 1903.
Johnson & Falconbridge,
Solicitors for the applicants.
Subsci'ibefov The Prospector.
THIN   CENTS   P.1K   TEN   WEEKS.
Asaapeeiil and temporary offer to
readers of this paper, we will mail Tiik
Public to persons wlin are lint now . ub-
sci ibe r*. for ten week, for ten cents.
The P_B_io is a $2,16|iage weekly Review for democratic Democrats ami democratic Republicans; its opinions are
expret-se.l without fear or favor; it give1-
an interesting aiul connected weekly
of all I istorical news; it, always haw editorial worth studying, a cartoon worth
seeing, book notices worth reading, and
miscellaneous matter both valuable and
interesting; and il is liked by intelligent
women as well as by intelligent men
Tiie editor is Louis V. Post. Send ten
cents in silver or slaiiips for ten week's
trial. All sulisr, ipttnns are paid strictly
in advance, and upon expiration the
paper is promptly stepped unless subscription is renewed. Mention this paper
Address: THE PUBLIC,
Unity Building, Oii'tUGO, lib.
Mining Property for sale.
In British Columbia.
Tenters nre Invlleil for Ibe ivhnlu of llie
|.i'ii|i'ity, lllldilililig Cniwn Granted I'laii'is,
null situ, C.yniililu mill, (.-h|iii. ily 4-to ~0 tons
dally), liii'niway, hssmv ulllce, hiboi'iitory unit
full i'i|iii|iineni, of Iho Toronto Lillooot Kohl
Hoofs Company Limbed, situate in Iho Lillooot
district ol liiiiisli (lulu in In 11; Including tlio
Ample, Whale, Monarch ami Wollnnd V11I0
milieu which are Iirown grunted, also llm
Nm 1I1 Hiar, (Inldeil sii'lpe, (loldoli ICiigle. Ituby
and Jumbo mineral claim, In llie same ilist
riot, together with 11 inn stamp mill, miichliio
drills a ml other equipments. Cash tenders for
Iho whole pnipi-iiy are requested but
ofirs tin working <>|>iions or for portions
of llm properly will bueoiiKldorod I'nmi ihe
furiiier group IHiO toils of ore has hern inlllod,
wilh an assay Vliluo nppioxlliliitillg $10.00 lo
$11 nil Wagon mini from Kill I rond to mill. The
.» hiiio n( the above will bear looking Into and
liivosilgiilion nnd nre an exceptionally Important mid valuable group ofi'laims wilh full
working equipment. Cull pa ti initial's mav bo
hail mi 11 ppl lout Inn lo l.ilgiir Itluoinllolil
l.iqiiiibiliir, P. O, Hiix 7111, Vaiu'oiiver It I!.
Subscribe for The "Prospector"
$1.00 per annum.
CHAINED
FOR TEN
YEARS
RELIEF.
A
no  opium
lor having
morphine
T here is 11 o t li i ti g 1 > k e Asth-
in it 1 e 11 e . 1 I. b r i 11 <_' ■ i 11 s t a 11 t
re 1 i e f , even in the worst
1- a m _ s .      ||.   i-uies    when   nil   else fails.
The Rev, ('. I'". WKI.l.S, 01 .'ilia Ridge,
111., says: "Your liinl bottle of Aslhniiiline
received in good condilicn. 1 caniio'. lell ymi
bow thankful I leel for lhe good derived from
it. I was a slave, chained with putrid sore
throat and Asllnna for Il-ii years. 1 despaired
of ever being cured. 1 saw your advertisement
for the cure of this dreadful and tormenting
disease, Asllnna, and llioughl you had over-
spoken yourselves, but resolved lo give it a
I rial.    To   my astonishment, lhe trial acted like
a charm.    Send  me a  lull-size  bottle."
li.v.    l>r.    Morris    W-Clisler
Rnlihi nf the Cong.   Ilnni  Israel.
New   Voik,   Ian.   3.    1901.
IlltS. TACT    IlltOS.'    MICUI'llNI.   CO.,
tIenllenien: Your Asilnnalene is an
excellent remedy for Asthma and Ilny I'ever,
and its composition alleviates all troubles which
combine with Asthma. Its success is astonishing
and wonilei Iul.
il  carefully   analyzed,   we   can stale   Hint     Asthmalene   contains
chlololoim  or el her. Very littly yours,
i:i''V.  DR.  MORRIS   WI'.CIISI.KI'..
Avon S.kiniis,  N.   V.   Feb. 1, 1901.
Du. Ta. r linos.  Mkuicink Co.
(iculh'iiicn: ivii'.e  this tesiiuinni.il   from   a   sense  of duly,  having tested lhe
woiid-iful ell.ii nf y 1.ir A .tli 11 ilei.', for Ih; cine of Asthma. My wife has been
all.icled with spasmodic asllnna for ibe p.ist 12 years, l-laviitg exhausted my own
slill as well asilnt ni many others, I chanced In see your si-^n upon your win-
bows on 130 st reel, New Yolk. 1 at once obtained a bottle ofnsthmnlene. My wife
comnienced Inking il abi.nl lhe first of November. 1 very soon noticed n radica
ill'prov'cmcilt. Alter lining one Imille her asllnna had disappeiued and she is entirely
fiee final all symptoms. 1 feel that I can consistently recommend the medicine
lo    all    who   are   afflicted   with   this    distressing   disease.    Yours    respectfully,
O. 1).   I'lll.U'S,   M. D.
I)R.   Tai'i'  linos.   Miciiicinic Co. I'eb. 5* 1901.
(ienllenien: I was troubled with Asthma or 22 years. I have tried numerous
remedies, but they have all failed. I ran across your advertisement nnd stalled witli
a trial bottle. I found relief ill once. I have since purchased your full-sized .bottle,
and I am ever guileful. I have a l.nuily of lour children, and for six years was
unable lo work; I am now in lhe best of health and am doing business every
day.    Tbis   testimony you can  make such use of  as yon see fit.
Home address, 235,   Rivinglon street. S.    Raphael,
67 l.nst 1291I1 st.,   New  York City.
6 0 0.000
Trial bottle sent absolutely free on receipt of postal.
Do   mil delay.    Wide  at  once,   addressing DU.  TAI'T   1IKOS' MKDICINI'* CO.,
79 Kast   130th  St.,    N.   V. City.
Sold by all Druggists.
.     LILLOOET AND IILUDGE UIVER STORES.
J. DUNLOP.
Miners Supplies.
LIIiIiOOET, "B.rC.
Branch Store at Bridge River where a
full stock of General Merchandise and Miners Outfits are on hand.
IJ. Dunlop, General Merchant, Lillooet, B.C THE   PROSPECTOR, LILT.OOET, B.C., MARCH 21, 1003.
Characteristics of
Tlie West.
The uum  from the outside can
inn ii. bet ter estimate of n given
lienoineiion  than  the man on
ie   spot.      To    support   tliis
icsis there are many (list inguish-
I inslances.   Tbe most .tiitlioi--
lilive book  on   Ihe   American
ysteni of (ioveruinent is liy .Ins.
•ryce, a member of lhe English
louse of Common*..   Quite poss
bly 1 he snncst observer of Cuua-
iitn tendencies is (ioldwin Smith
.ho, while he hns been among ns
, long tim'eis still nob a native.
Still, tiie man on the ground
nust gel 'something that escapes
he foreigner.   One's eyes must
ie holdeii with ii vengeance if one
•an live in a place for so long us
Jen years without cu telling something of its spirit, and  noting
some of its tendencies.
Every   rime   a western  man
onies  back  from  the East,  he
|talks about the difference,  llie
)ld difference, you know—rustle,
uislle,   push  on   the one side of
Lake    Superior;    conservatism
iiinl eveiidrowsinesson the other.
F/J'lie climate of tbe west is undoubtedly invigorating.    More-
tover the vnstness of tlie area will
.•reed ranginess of temper.   1 remember, when first coming west,
■the impression   produced  ou ine
jby ii stulwart westerner, who, as
we caught llie lirst sight, of Lake
Superior, drunk his lungs full ex-
hiltiintly, ns much ns to say, "No
place like the west for me!"
?   Tins western spirit is fostered,
J furthermore,   by   the   demands
necessarily made iu a new country, ou self-reliance; l>y the opportunities that, to <i. greater ex-
i tent than iu older coiiiiniiiiitit*. ,
lie within the  reneh  of nil;  nnd,
perhaps, quite largely,  by our
close   (.-ontact    witli    American
I methods.     Every-body   admits
! thut llie Western Canadian, in
his luiste tocome at the essence
of the matter, in his impatience
with red  tape aud  routine, and
iu liis enterprise,  is much  more
like the American than his compatriot in the Eest.
This is the country of the young
man. The west, too, isdeinocrat-
ic, and hnssninll regard for traditions, perhaps too small.
Probably the most dangerous
element in the western spirit, so
fnr, is pi-iicticid materialism.
Wheat, real estate, growth of
trade and population, these and
the like are crowding out- culture
nnd the highest, morality.
Notes   from article by Prof. Osborne, of
Winnipeg.
WISE AND OTHERWISE.
"That liltle buy seems to be ns
busy iis n bee." "Ves, he hns
hives."
Florence—"Don't you think I
have a perfect* lit in this gown."
•'You ought to: I hnd one when
1 paid llie bill."
The Brooklyn Eagle knows n
youth who combs his hair pompadour, which his fatehr considers
.tit affect,'it ion. "Young man,"
he said, " You look like n fool."
I.efore the boy could reply, an
old friend of the family came in
and plensantly commented, ''It
is startling how mnchyou resemble your father."
WANTED,— A TRUSTWORTHY GENTLEMAN
or lady in each county to manage I,ashless loi
an ohl established house of solnl financial standing. A Straight, bona lide ensh salary ol $18,OU
paid by eheekeaeh Wednesday with all ex penes direct from headquarters. Money advanced lor expenses.
Manager,..I) Caxton Building, Chicago.
NOTICE.
NOT1CK i.s   hereby given ili.it mi app'ic-
nlinii wiil  be made  by llie Canada   Ceniial
ll.iilw.iy I' p.'in lil llie I'm li.in- nl nl Cm-
,'nli ai iliii nt' I M~..ion thereof lur an An
giving llie mi'uI Company power lu const im t
ami operate ihe following lines fioill or in
I'liiini'i'iiun with the main line of liie .->.::.I
liailwaj:—
I - I i < .in some |i< 'iul at ur ilea
Sm I i any iu the I'nivinrq nl Ontario I" a phi ill
ai ur near Sent i.i |inie inn; I hence southerly
ii, a poinl ai nr n ir llal am or Sturgeon
Lakes i,i llieluwiishijis of 11.i I* y, Verulani
or I'''in Inn, continuing solilhi'rly to -lie ( :'\
t.f Toronto.
2- From Mime point on lhe
main line ill lhe Disiiictof Keewntin or in
|)i-' '* * nr Sac-tilclicwnn, lo I'ort Churchill
on I liaison's Ll. v.
3*- A eonlinu~l"oi1 of iU main
liee from 'Pels J nan Cache by way of the
lhe Thompson nnd !' user lliver valleys In
Vancouver, or New Wi     muster,
*|-- I rom some point on t It e
Thompson Kiver or some of its tributaries to
Wr.ihliiigton Harbor or llitte Inlet.
5-- I'liini a point ne.ir ibe old
-.ile of Fori As..inibui.i lo some point on the
!'-..- e Kiver and westetly lo ihe I'ort land
Can; I on the I'acific.
6, .'nun some pniiit nn lhe main
I ne i f s..iil Kailway at or near the Montreal
Kiver in the Province of-Onlario easterly to
-nine poinl on liie Ci ineau Kiver in the
IVovli ce u. Quebec.
Ami lo exercise with regard lo
.-. i. li bnes all lhe powers ami privileges given lo the said Company by iis Act of Incorporation.
DATED at Toronto this toih tlay of
I ami try, I90J.
Johnson & I'alconbiitlge.
Solicitors for the applicants
A TRUE PATRIOT.
Is he not in reality the truest,
patriot who fills up his station in
privulelife well; he who loves aud
promotes peace, both public nnd
private, who knowing that n
nations prosperity depends much
more on its virtues than on its
arms resolves tlmt his personul
endeavors shall not be wanting
io promote this desirable end?
Is he not a true patriot who denies himself those gratifications
which nre inconsistent with piety
nnil the public good-is not such
n iiiuu greater thnn the one who
secures power nud applause by
the USllill  political methods?
Subscribe for Tin-; PROSPECTOR.
JjlllOS for Fall or Spring planting.
Seeds, Plants,
Trees,
At.I.ICU LTU I. AT. IM PLUM KNTS,
BKE SUNT.IKS,
FRUIT BASKETS,
FERTILIZERS.
Catalogue free.
M. J. Henry,
3009, Westminster Ktmil, Vancouver, 1..C.
WHITE   I.AHOK ONI V.
15
Attracting Attention
on account of
1. Its Fraser River Placers.
As far back as the year 1858, successful placer mining was carried on at Horse Beef
bar, near the town of Lillooet. Tlie adjoining ground is being worked with profit at
the present time.
A company is now working a gold dredger on the Fraser, with gratifying success, and
a new company has been formed with a capital of $350,000, to operate au improved
dredge near the town of lillooet.
2. Its Promising; Mineral Lands.
Anderson lake and is iu no K river mining properties will prove themselves sufficient to
form a prosperous camp. Yet there are miles of territory that remain unprospected.
3. Its Fishing and Hunting Grounds-^^
Increasing numbers of tourists from all parts of the globe testify that the sportsman's
Paradise is here.    Moul.tail)  sheep, bear, deer, and all kinds of large and small game
abound.    Anglers find the lusty trout where least expected,  and  fresh salmon cease to
be a luxury.
4- JtgSBiub^ —^>
in tbe dry belt, and at an altitude that renders the seasons temperate and equable,
the climate is most suitable for health-seekers.    Semi-tropical fruit maybe grown, and
at the present time, November, rosebushes and geranium plants may be seen in bloom
in the gardens of the town
Nearest Railway towns are ashcroft and lytton, on the Canadian pacific railway*.
..
Prospector" Club Offers.
Manitoba FreePress and Prospector for$ 1.50
The Manitoba Free Press with its weekly Supplement gives 28 pages of reading matter every week. In addition to this, 22 admirable
painting reproductions will be given. For $1.50 we will have the l'"ree Press, the 22 paintings and The Prospector sent to yon for
one year,
The Family Herald and Weekly Star, 2 Premium
paintings, and The PRospectOR, Club Rate: $1.50.
The two beautiful pictures  "PUUITV" and "ALONE" which are lo be presented with the Family Herald are 22 x 28 inches   in
size, and are suitable for framing.
BO  YEARS'
EXPERIENCE
Trade Marks
Designs
Copyrights &c.
Anyone sending a ~ltel.li and description may
quickly uncertain our opinion free whether an
Invention la probably patentable. Communications strictly coiilldontlul. Handbook on Patents
scut free. Oldest agency for aeouring patents.
l'ntciits taken through Muiiit & Co. receive
tfteetai notice, without chareo, In tlio
Scientific American.
A hnndsomely Illustrated weekly. I.arcest circulation of any selenium Journal, Terms, f:i a
year; four months, (1. Sold by all ncwndealers.
MUNN HVG~-> New York
Branch Olflco. G2. F Bt. Washington. D. 0,
>!<
yu
*
P*% 7f\ ?K
Tlie Weekly Witness  price $1.00[A| I
The World Wide  1.00
Northern Messenger 30j
The Prospector 1.00
Total value 3.30
for
$
1.75
DI____r Special. We were successful in our last club offer, and will now make a
special  rate.    We  will send you  all the above papers viz: Manitoba
Press, Montreal Star, Witness, world wide, Northern Messenger,
Prospector, and the 24 premium pictures for $3.oo. THE  PROSPECTOR, LILLOOET, B.C., MARCH 21, 1903.
|>     LOCAL   NEWS.       $
•I. l-livkey left town for Vancouver tliis week.
W.G.   Mmiisoii  is on n visit to
tlie (.'oust.
Mrs. Eiioleson  returned  from
llie Const hist Tuesdiiy.
-I. Uren ton, piano-tuner, of Van-
eon ver, is in town this week.
I'nck tennis are now eiig-ti^'ed in
taking supplier- from town to tl.e
North Fork pincers.
Dr. Sanson wns culled to the 70
mile House hist iSitturthiv to attend the daughter of Win. Boyd
who is vovy ill.
Parties have arrived in town
who will inspect properties both
at Bridge river nnd McGillivray
creek, with a view to investing
iu them.
Paul Santini,
GI-NERAL MERCHANT, LILLOOET, B. C.
carries a   full slock of all kinds of Groceries,  Dry Goods,
Root's and Slioes, Hardware Sic-
MINERS' OUTFITS A SPECIALTY.
Sunlight Soap will not injure
your blankets or harden them. 11
will make them soft, white and
fleecy. 73
[F..S.J
HENRI G. JOLY DE LOTttlNIEUK.
CANADA.
Harvey Bailey & Co. have been
nsked for quotations for hauling
the new dredge machinery Irom
Ashcroft to Lillooet.
The Pavilion Mountain school
is now under the tutelage of Mr.
McLeod, from Prince Edward
Island.
Lever's Y-Z (Wise Head) Disinfectant Soap
Powder is a boon to any home. It disinfects and cleans at the same time. »
Bertie I'hair left for the Coast
Inst vVednesdny morning. He will
attend the Vogel Commercial
College for a term.
Frank Tinkham, who is now
driving the Hurley Lytton stnge
has moved   into the house formerly occupied by Mr. McKivor.
Felix Marshall was sentenced
last Monday to six month*, hard
labor for supplying liquor to Indians. Several Indian women
were fined for being drunk and
disorderly.
Dan Hurley received a telegram
last Wednesday tbat his brother
(Jeorge was dangerously ill at
the Coast. He left for Vancouver
immediately on receipt of the
sad news.
A meeting of the Executive of
the Provincial Liberal Association hns been ended for April 10
(Good Friday) at 3 p.m. in the
Eiberal Rooms, Vancouver.
The petition of the citizens for
a recreation ground has been
grunted, the government having
notified the petitioners that Bk.
IX will be reserved for thnt purpose.
WANTED,- A TRUSTWORTHY GENTbKMAN
or buly in eauli county to manage business for
an obi established house nf solid financial standing. A straight, bona lide cash salary ol $18,01)
paiil by check each Wediiesilay with all expen-
es ilii'ecl fro.11 liuiiiliiiinrlers. Money advanced for expenses.
Manager,-10 Caxton Building', Chicago,
Subscribe for The Pbospectob
Read our special
offer on the
third page.
PROVINCE OF  BRITISH COLUMBIA.
EDWARD VII, by the Grace of God, of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Iielaml and of the British Dominions beyond ihe Seas, King, Defender of ihe
Faith,etc., etc., etc.
To onr faithful the Members elected to serve
in the Legislative Assembly of Our Province of Ih'itish Columbia, and summoned
and culled to a meeting of the Legislaime
or Parliament of Our snid • rovince, at Our
1 ily of Victoria, on Thin sday, the twelfth
day of March, one thousand nine hundred
and three, to have been eommeneed and
held, and every of you,—Greeting.
A   PROCLAMATION.
H. A. Maclean, j ii/HEREAS   tin-
Deputy Attorney-General. | "V meeting of the
Legislature or Parliament of lhc Province of
British Columbia stands called for Thursday,
the twelfth dayof March, one thousand nine
hundred and three, at which time, al Our
City of Victoria, you were held and constrained to appear :
NOW KNOW YE, lhat foi divers causes and
considerations, ami taking into consideration
the ease and convenience oi Our loving subjects, We have thought fit, by and with the advice of Our Executive Council of the Province
of British Columbia, to relieve you, and each
of you, of your attendance at the time aforesaid; hereby convoking, and by these presents
enjoining you, and each of yon, that on Thursday, the second day of April, one thousand
alne hundred and Ihree, you meet Us in Our
Legislature or Parliament of the said Province,
at Oun'itv of Victoria, FOR THE DISPAT' H
OF BUSINESS, to treat, do, act and conclude
upon llio-e things which in Our Legislature
ol the Provinee of British Columbia, b\ the
Common Council of Our said Province may, by
the favour of God, be ordained.
In Testimony \Yher_of, We have caused
these Our Letters to be made Patent and
the Great Seal of Our said Province io be
hereunto affixed :
Witne-s, the Honourable Sir Henri
G.stave Joly he Lotbiniere, K c. M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of Our said Province of British Columbia, at Our Government House, in Our City of Victoria, in
Our snid Provt icp, this nineteenth day
of February, in Ihe vear oi Our Lord one
thousand nine hundred and three, and
in the third year of Our Reign.
By Command.
A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Notice.
Mr. W. F. AI.I.KN begs to notify liis
friends ami customers ilia! ihe I ioneer lloi-
el will continue uniler his management and
direction until further notice. Mr. Mien assures liis fri mils and lite I ravelling public
generally tll.it the b.st of caie and attention
will be be lewcil on nil who patronize llie
l'ioneer Hotel.
\V.  F. ALLEN,
Lillooet, Innu irv, '00',.
AMEkMCA'S
BEST
EDITORIALLY FEARLESS.
CONSISTENTLY REPUBLICAN.
News from all Ibe world—Well-written
oiitritiHl stoties—Answers ioi|iieiies—
Articles on Health, lhe Home, New
Looks, und on Work iiliout the Farm
anil Garden.
Tlie WI.EKY lnlei-Occan
Is a member of the Associated Press
tbe only Western Newspaper reviving tlie ent ire lel.gri pbie news service of tbe New Yoik Sun, and special cable of tbe New York World—
Daily reports ol over 2,000 special
correspondents throughout tbe country.
Subscribe  lor Tbe WEEKLY
INTER-OCEAN (One Dollar)
and THE PROSPECTOR ,$1)
BOTH FOR*!.2 5.
R.F.Anderson&Co
N1.V* WI.STMlNSTI.lt. I'.. V
General Hardware,
Picks and Shovels,
Axes, Hoes Si Hakes,
Bar Iron, Drill Steel,
Oils, L'ain-s, __c.
Canadian
Pacific Ry.
Trains depart as follows:
ASIICKOl'"I*
E.lSlbollIld  '-.',   14 W.-! bound    2.
LVTTON
Easllioinul 20.57 Westbound   5.31
TOURIST CARS
To St. Paul—Daily
Toronto-Monday & Friday
Montreal & Boston-Wed.
Elegant Equipment
H      Lowest Rates       >M
)lt Steamships from )!*>
Vancouver to
CHINA. JAPAN,
AUSTRALIA,       ALASKA.
Lowest Kib"* uml I'.esl Si 'vice To and
I'Yiiiu A 1 Points. l«'or In 1 'Information
mul I'tuiiciiltii-cull *'n oru • "*■ s.wy -\P.U.
lick-l A    nt or
K  J. I'OVI.I.,
A. <;. i" .A.,
Vancouver, U. C.
JNO.  WAWN
J,11.1,00ET,   P.. 0.
Shoemaker.
Itejuilrs   11011 lly   executed,
ami repaired*
ItllllU'SH      llllllll-
J Pioneer Drug Store, c
5 Ullooet, v-_-.lt E
fUl DRUGS AND MI-IJCINES to
■*| SPECTACLES, PERFUMERY, fe
_.      PROMPT A I' IEN I ION TO
LE i LEI, ORDERS.
fe
£|S Ills
ffClarke&Co'F
Strayed
On lo 111 y Rancl), a reil mare with
while croBn on forehead. No brant),
Owner*can have the canie liy proving
property ami paung expenses.
Rm'ianl Meanf>.
PacltelquA, L.C. February 7ib 1902.
Strayed
Into my field, a white and red heifer,
with bob tail. No brand. Owner can
nave Ibe can e by proving property and
paying expenses.
Eugene   Santini.
Lillooet. Feb. 7th 1903.
*    yu   *
Lillooet, B. C
Pioneer
Hotel
W. F. Allen, Proprietor.
First-Class Hotel in every respect.      Accomodatioi
for Eighty Guests.   Large Annex comfortably fur- i
nished.     Sample Rooms  for Commercials
 All   guests   receive   every   attention.
LILLOOET HARDWARE STOllE
H. C. PARKER, » Lilllooet, B.C.
Having purchased the stock oil
R.J. Atkins, we are now adding!
to it and prepared to fill all orders.!
Repair Shop in connection with Store,  where yonr every!
want will-be supplied'.  A complete Plumbing Outfit on handl
MAKK YtilJH OWN KBPAIHS,   Ksawbi.i.kd   Knobs, Por Coffee and Tea Pots J
mul Oilier Cooking IViisils.   Price ii i-cntu nueli, \\ lille lliev lust.
CARIBOO & LILLOOET STAGE LINES.
BRITISH COLUMBIA EXPRESS COMPANY. J
Head Office - - Ashcroft, B.C.
Clinton __ Way Points: Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays'
All points in . aiihoo:      -    -     JMondays.
1.50Mile House : Mondays ifc Fridays Iseini-weeklvservice.ll
Lillooet: Monday and Friday.
♦^  Special conveyances i'lirnislit'd.    bend   for   folders   )§(i
LYTTON STAGE
The new siage line leaves l.ylton every Monday and'!
Friday I'or Lillooet, returning next day. Special trips'
made.    Write us for information.
Peter Iiehagliati Si. Co., I.y(tan   Ii. C.„
PATRONIZE HOME
INDUSTRY.
McCOSH is your nearest TAILOR.
WHEN YOU WANT A NEW SUIT
Don't Forget the Address.
THOMAS McCOSH. Mini-limit Tailor, Anil, roll, It. 0
I'EIIEW-HARVEY, BRYANT & GII.MAN
MIN1NU ~~NUINJ-.ISI.t~l AND ASSAYKKS,
Vancouver, 15.C.
Established, .181.0.
_fifi__Q_d__fl
Assay work of all descriptions tinde.Uikcn. Tests mnde up lo 2000 11 is. A specialty
made of checking smeller pulps. Samples from llie Interior liy Mail or Expr;ss
promptly nil' lided  lo.    Correspondence    solicited.
Blacksmith Supplies
Wc .carry the largest and best stock in B.C.,
including: liarlron, fast Steel, Spring Steel, Tire Steel,
S.S. STEEL, TOE CALK STEEL.
GAuTIER TOE CALKS, HORSE SHOES IN IRON AND STEEL,
PENDER    •• '.*'* HORSE NAILS,
CARRIAGE AND TIRE BOLTS,      SQUARE NU I S IN BLACK AND TAPPED
HORSE RASPS,   ETC.,   ETC..
Sole Agents l-'or VALKNTI N I. S   IIMi ('.side CAKttl \< IK VAKNISII.
MAII.OIMH'.l.'S UKGI.IVKOUU I'UOMI'T ATTENTION.
McLennan, McFeely & Co. Ltd.
Whlesale and Reiall M jr chants
122 Cordova Street, Vancouver, B C.
^^^wj-'Pagfo Acme   Poultry  Netting
MOTE      ~^99$^^$$iwvw^ A blrn canllot fly through as small a hole as it can
CLOSE     QySS&^tW/.^^^ crawl througli, so Page I'oul try Netting is made with
XXX_>VW-■^^^VK'^X^ small meshes at bottom ami largo at top. No. 12 gauge
c■$S___5888(_88888888 wlre toV ftn(l bottom—no sag. Got Pago fences and
g-gggflagBgeg-,*^^^^ gateii-tliey'ro best.
gj-Sg Th8 Pa*e wlr8 Fenco Co., Limited, Walkerville, Ont
■SS-a Montreal, P.Q., and St. John, N.B. 8
Use Lever's Dry Soap (a powder") to
wash woolens and flannels,—you'll like
it. 32'    E. O. PRIOR & CO., General Agents, Victoria, Vancouver and Kamloops.

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