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The Prospector Feb 13, 1914

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Array THE PROSPECTO
VOL. 3, NO. 17
LILLOOET,   B. C, FRIDAY,  FEBRUARY 13, 1914.
BEN. BLAKELY ARRIVES.
LOCAL ITEMS.
WHISKY AND DEATH.
Last November Ben. Blakeley
was arrested at Libby, Montana,
charged with the murder of A.
Thievarge. Having been formally
extradited, he arrived in Lillooet
last Monday in custody of senior
constable Aiken, and is at present
in the lock-up. Blakeley strenuously fought extradition, but was
unsuccessful in both cases. His
wife and child accompanied him
and are at present in Lillooet.
His preliminary hearing will take
place before Magistrate Saul tomorrow.
Lillooet people are conversant
with this case, but to those who
are not, it may be as well to relate a few of the circumstances
leading to the death of Thievarge.
On May 30, 1909,  Blakeley came
to the house of Thievarge on Gun
creek,    a   tributary  of   Bridge
river, and enquired if there was
any mail for him.   He was in vited
to have something to eat, but re- j
fused, stating that he had din- j
ner a short time  before.     After \
a short stay he started to  go
away, when Thievarge requested
payment of a $25 account long
overdue.   This led to high words,
and ultimately a fight, in whicb
it would seem that Blakeley had
got the worst of it.    According
to the evidence   of  an   Indian
woman  named Agnes, Blakeley
v/as threatening to shoot.   Her
evidence in Montana at the recent investigation is of a voluminous nature, and throws a very
different light   on the  tragedy
to that obtained some four years
ago.     She claims that Blakeley
fired three shots, and that one of
them   was  fired   at  Thievarge
when he was down. Her evidence
is v< ry explicit on this point.
However, the man is now here
to stand his trial, and the best
place for that is before a judge
and jury. At present there is
a great deal of discussion in this
matter, and in many cases by
men who know nothing whatever
about the evidence in the affair.
Blakeley is well known in this
district, and spent a couple of
years on Bridge river, trapping
and prospecting. He is a young
man, of good appearance, and
lived for some time with the man
he will now stand trial for killing.
Archy Thievarge was an old
resident of the Bridge river district, and at the time of his death
was residing on a pre-emption
near the mouth of Gun Creek.
He.was considered an exceptionally handy man at almost any
kind of work. For a long time
he operated the Sucker creek
ferry, for the government. He
was of French descent.
James Mohr, for the past six
months managing clerk at the
Victoria Hotel, has resigned his
position and gone back to his
farm at the 21-Mile House, Lytton road. Mr. Mohr was a first-
class hotel man, and exceedingly
popular with the traveling public,
but he has got some tip that the
railway will soon be crossing his
ranch; in the meantime he will go
extensively into poultry-raising,
at which he is said to be an expert.
It is said the appearance of the
coyote is a true indication of the
proximity of spring. If so. then
spring time must be here, as they
meet in nightly chorus on the
hill north of town, and are
encouraged in their music by
every dog in this vicinity.
Mr. H. L. Jacks has assumed
the clerkship at the Victoria
Hotel.    A good man for the job.
Constable Aiken went over to
Kamloops jail, on Sunday last, in
charge of three prisoners.
Six feet of snow is reported on
some parts of the Bridge river
road.
Owing to a scarcity of lumber,
work on the Wo Hing building
has come to a complete stop.
For a first-class article in the
grocery line, at cheap rates, try
Phair's store.
The parcel post system is now
in operation. Our postmaster is
going to have a fine time handling
freight in  his present quarters.
What promised to be good
sleighing on both both the Ashcroft and Lytton roads, is now
only a a dream.
The P. G. E. yardage on the
flat opposite town has recently
been doubled, for switching and
other purposes.
There has been a little more
than the usual snowfall in the
Pemberton country, somewhat
retarding railroad construction.
Chief Constable Forsyth drove
over from Clinton on Wednesday.
He will appear in the Blakeley
case tomorrow.
Mr. John Hunt, supt. of the
Broken Hill mine, paid a hurried
visit to Lillooet the other day.
He struck out for the hills again
in the morning.
If you want the correct time,
set your watch on the arrival of
the Lytton mail stage. It will
then be five o'clock, railroad
time.
It is to be hoped that by this
time next year ranchers on the
North Fork will not have the
same difficulty reaching town as
they now experience.
Six men left for the Coronation
mine during the early part of this
week. They took some machinery with them, to be used in the
present workings—shaft sinking.
Mr. G. M. Downton, provincial
land surveyor, is down from the
Bridge, river district, where he
has been engaged in various land
and mineral surveys.
Jim Farmer has returned from
a short engagement as cook for
a cougar hunting party on the
North Fork of Bridge river. He
is said to have been a failure at
the job.
Mr. Wm. Duguid has been in
Vancouver for almost a month,
whei*e his wife has been very
seriously ill. Her friends in Lillooet will be glad to hear that a
favorable change has taken place.
H. Taylor and Geo. Gibson have
a contract running a cross-cut
tunnel on the Broken Hill mine.
The main tunnel will be driven
by day labor. For the work already done this property is showing up exceedingly well.
Mr. J. H. Halpin, supt. of the
railroad bridge now being constructed near this town, is a very
busy man these days. Despite
the recent cold weather work
was never suspended ; the false
work is now across the river, and
everything working smoothly.
Once more the white man's
demon—drink—has proved fatal
to the poor Indian; this time the
victim is Isaac Samson, a member
of the Bridge river tribe. Last
Saturday he was in town and
by some means got possession of
a bottle of gin; about 9 o'clock
that evening he started home in
company of two other Indians
and a little boy; they were all
riding double, and, according to
evidence at the inquest, very
drunk, excepting the boy. When
a short distance from the Bridge
river, Issac fell off his horse and
was left there. The finding of
his body under the Bridge river
bridge the following morning and
evidence on the road looking suspicious, the police conducted a
searching investigation into the
affair. With a jury, Coroner
Phair visited the Bridge river
reserve and viewed certain evidence pointed out, on Monday.
An adjournment was taken until
the following day at 2 o'clock,
when a number of witnesses were
examined, the investigation lasting until late in the evening.
The most explicit testimony obtainable was that of a little Indian boy, as follows:
"I am an Indian about 11 years of
age, and live at Bridge river, about 3
miles above the bridge. I was at Lillooet and went home with Isaac Samson,
riding on the same horse. When we
were riding home Isaac was drinking
out of a bottle; he drank several times
and became very drunk. On this side
of the Chinese ranch I saw Samson,
Dave Tom, and Anneas Dave drinking
together on horseback. They stopped
many times. The horse that Anneas
and David were riding went on first and
we followed, but kept close together.
When we were near the bridge Samson
fell off the horse; he tried to get on
again but was unable, when he told me
that he would walk home. I left him
sitting down. I rode on until I overtook
David and Anneas, when I saw David
falling off his horse; and I held his
horse, letting mine go. David tried to
get on his horse again, but was too
drunk to do so. Anneas did not help
him. I left him on the ground and went
home."
There were traces in the snow
close to the bridge that resembled
a body having been dragged, but
this was unquestionably the trail
left by Samson as he rolled or
slid down hill to the bridge. The
unfortunate man fell off close to
the west end, his leg broken and
skull fractured. The jury was:
F. J. McDonald (foreman); J. E.
Graham, W. G. Carson, J.Russell,
A. A. Brett, and Wm. LaVille.
They rendered the following verdict:
"That deceased, Isaac Samson,
came to his death accidentally by
falling off the Bridge river bridge
a distance of about 30 feet, on
rocks, on or about 7th February,
1914, when in a state of intoxication."
Greafl^fc3fflttli||efenSMMfefEt turned out by tRe*^ipBIII8lfsof any country, the steamship Vaterland, of the
Hamburg-American line, is now rapidly
nearing completion on the Elbe. It ib
the expectation of both the builders and
owners to have the great ship ready for
her maiden trip across the Atlantic from
Hamburg to New York early this spring.
The vessel is called a sister ship to the
leviathan Imperator, but she is several
thousand tons larger and is much more
elegantly finished than the first giant
the Hamburg-American line has built.
The Vaterland is 950 feet in length,
thirty feet longer than the Imperator,
which shows that the German shipbuilders are rapidly approaching the 1000-
foot mark. The new liner will have the
enormous beam of 100 feet, which is by
far the greatest breadth any ship has
yet been given. She will be of 53,000
tons burden. This great bulk is to be
driven through the waters of the Atlantic at a speed of nearly 23 knots, which
is one of the greatest achievements ever
made in both ship-building and engineering skill. Some conception of the tremendous size of the Vaterland may be
gained from her three great funnels
recently placed in position, which rise
to a height of 146 feet above the water.
The stacks, which are 62 feet in height,
are oval in shape, measuring 20x30 feet.
Each funnel consists of two parts, an
inner funnel and an outer tube, which
serves for cooling off. The most powerful derrick ever constructed was required to handle these three gigantic
cylinders and set them into place.
The Vaterland and Imperator are to
maintain a regular schedule across the
Alantic. They are the finest appointed
ships ever constructed.
A serious accident was narrowly averted last Saturday evening.
Some children were coasting on
the hill near the postoffice and
enjoying themselves with a scoot
across Main street, when an auto
suddenly blocked the way. The
driver deserves great praise for
the manner in which he saved
the situation. No one was seriously hurt, but the kids, for obvious reasons, have selected
another place for a playground.
It was a wizened little man who appeared before the judge and charged his
wife with cruel and abusive treatment.
His better half was a big, square-jawed
woman, with a determined eye. "In
the first place, where did you meet this
woman, who, according to your story,
has treated you so dreadfully" asked the
judge. "Well," replied the little man,
making a brave attempt to glare defiantly at his wife, "I never did meet
her.   She just kind of overtook me."
Wednesday was a beautiful,
spring-like day, with the ther-
moter standing at 50 above, birds
chirping in the trees, government officials standing in their
open doors smoking big pipes
and wearing a smile of contentment that is seldom seen on the
face of the working man.
Business is very slack in the
police court just now, but occasionally a few endeavor to make
a stir. Lizzie Scotchman shelled
out $5, and Alfred Carlson, John
Anderson, David Tom, and Anneas were fined $10 each for being
drunk. Martin Doyle, for a similar offence, paid $5.
The redistribution has been
brought down in the Dominion
House, by which B. C. will gain
six more members, making a total
of 13. Now is the time for political aspirants in this vicinity to
get in battle array.
Mr. H. J. Keary is back from
a short trip to the coast. For the
latest information—political, judicial, or otherwise—see Harry.
Cole Murchison is on a visit to
Lillooet; he has regained his former robust appearance. THE PROSPECTOR
THE  PROSPECTOR.
Published in the interests of Lillooet District.
R. A. Hume, Manager.
FEBRUARY 13. 1914.
CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.
Considerable discussion has been
aroused by Mr. Bickerdike's bill
abolishing the death penalty, recently introduced in the House
of Commons. The subject is an
old one, around which controversy has raged for many years.
In some countries capital punishment has been abolished, imprisonment for life with more or less
rigorous conditions being substituted. We are not certain that
the solitary confinement meted
out to capital offenders in certain
European states is not more barbarous than summary execution.
The assassin of the Empress of
Austria could not be hanged or
guillotined under the law of Switzerland, but he paid the penalty
of a dozen deaths in the circumstances of his confinement.
In the  consideration of  this
question much depends upon the
temperament and racial characteristics of the various people.
Undoubtedly the impressive formality and inexorable precision
with which capital punishment is
inflicted  in Britain have   safeguarded life and property there
much more effectively than would
have been the case with any substitute that we have yet heard of.
Conversely,  to  the absence  of
these in the United States we unquestionably may attribute the
numerous homicides in that country.    A few years ago it was
stated that thirty convicted murderers were walking the streets
of Chicago, in itself a striking
encouragement to gunmen to ply
their mortal calling.   In France
the abolition of the death penalty occasioned so large a crop of
serious crimes that the old form
of punishment had to be reverted
to.   The crime deterrent in capital punishment lies  not in the
actual performance of it, but in
the circumstances under which it
is imposed and carried out.   Gun
fighters, for instance, who recklessly will face death in an outbreak of hostilities in the slums,
dread the inexorable and formal
processes of justice which preface their punishment.   They are
moral, not physical cowards.   On
the other hand it is a horrible
truth, as Mr.  Bickerdike says,
that many innocent men   were
executtd.    The records of the
Old Bailey a hundred years or
less ago are full of heart-rending
instances of the kind, but is he
sure that many more innocent
people have not been saved from
human tigers who prey upon society by the general effect of the
system?   Mr. Bickerdike rather
humorously explained that one of
his ancestors had suffered in this
way, by   being hanged,  drawn
and quartered.    This fate, however, was not peculiar to the stout
forbears of the Bickerdike family.    The closets of most of the
illustrious families whose scions
now sit placidly in the House of
Lords are well filled with similar
skeletons. Some of them, indeed,
rendered up a tribute to Tyburn,
Newgate or Tower Hill almost
every time a new monarch ascended the throne.
The railway legislation to be
brought down by the provincial
government towards the end of
this month will include provision
for guaranteeing interest on the
bonds of the Canadian Northern
Pacific on at least four of  its
smaller lines at 4 1-2 per cent.,
thus rectifying what the company
claims was an error made last
year when the government agreed
to increase its bond interest guarantee.    At that time the provincial authorities passed legislation
to permit  the  increase of the
guaranteed rate on the railway
company's bonds for general railway work from 4 to 4 1-2 per
cent.  A similar increase in guaranteed bond   interest rate was
made with the construction work
of  the   Pacific  Great Eastern.
Other projected railways to which
government assistance might be
rendered are numerous.   There
is the line which Sir Donald Mann
plans to build north and east from
Portland Canal.   Then there is
the long-waited-for line to the
Peace river.    Several members
of the House profess to believe
that the premier's railway legislation will cover the construction
of a railway from Fort George
north and east to the Alberta
boundary line near where   the
Peace river  crosses.     Another
proposed line, which may go into
the same category insofar as this
year's railway   programme extends,  is one to connect the C-
N. R. and C. P.  R. at Ashcroft
with the P.  G. E.  at Clinton.
There is an alternative proposal
for   a   similar  connecting  line
from Lytton to Lillooet.
Little New Zealand with its
million or less of a population
exported six and a half million
pounds of butter last year. Canada with her eight millions of
people scattei'ed over half a great
continent do not export one pound
of butter. Somebody in this
country is evidently leaving undone the things he ought to do
and doing the things he ought not
to do. Incidentally, it would be
interesting to find out how much
the New Zealander receives for
his butter. A comparison betwen
the prices the consumer in British Columbia has to pay and the
cost to the importer doubtless
would be illuminating.
HIS
P.
D
OP CANADA
Bank by Mail and
Save Long Drives
Mail us the cheques or cash
you receive, with your Pass-book,
which we will return with the
Deposit credited. Then you can
pay your bills by cheques, which
we will honor, or if you want the
cash yourself, send us a cheque in
your own favor and we will
forward the money by return mail.
Drop in and talk to the Manager
about it.
LILLOOET BRANCH.
A. P. HUGHES,
MANAGER.
C A. PHAIR
Lillooet, B. C.
General
Merchant
Hardware,
Groceries,
Fishing Tackle,
S. W. Paints,
Eastman Kodaks,
Glass,
Mens'Furnishings,
Stationery,
Photo Supplies,
Na-Dru-Co. Drugs,
Singer Sewing Machine
Edison Phonographs
Moore Lights.
Grocery
Department
We are now paying special
attention to our GROCERY
DEPARTMENT, and hav-
ing made some careful buys
we can give better value,
and prices second to none.
It will pay you to give us a
trial. As our prices will be
the lowest good goods can
be sold for,  we will sell for
CASH
only!
SAMUEL GIBBS
NOTARY PUBLIC
Lands, Mines, Insurance and Collections
Mining business in all branches
a specialty.   Farms for
sale or lease.
Lillooet,  - British Columbia
LOST.
ABOUT SEPTEMBER FIFTEENTH
from the 132-Mile House, Cariboo road,
two bay geldings and one sorrel gelding
branded E on left shoulder. Thirty
dollars will be paid to the person deliv-
ing these horses at any of the company's
stations on the road,
IMPERIAL EXPRESS CO.,
j9 Ashcroft B. C.
WANTED.
Wanted immediately, a young
man" wishing to start a profitable
business and be independent.
Apply to
Mackenzie Bros.,
New Westminster.
ACKERS & SHERWOOD,
LILLOOET, B. C.
BLACKSMITHS
HORSE-SHOEING
A SPECIALTY.
■I
i>
'' Heavy and Light Wagons
o Repaired at Moderate Cost, ..
and all Work Guaranteed.
v
Headquarters for Mining Men
Free Bus Meets All
Boats and Trains
Commercial Hotel
L. H. Clement, Prop
Guest Comfort is My Motto
Corner Hastings and
Cambie Streets
Vancouver, B. C.
American and European Plan
GRASSIE
Pioneer Watchmaker
and Jeweler
318 Cambie St.      Vancouver, B.C.
Orders by Mail Attended to.
Fine Watch Repairing a Specialty
Agents wanted to sell fruit,
shade and ornamental trees and
small fruit plants. Apply Royal
Nurseries Ltd., 710 Dominion
Bldg., Vancouver, British Columbia. THE PROSPECTOR
HOTEL VICTORIA.
Fifty-five well-furnished rooms. Hot and cold baths
Excellent table. First class bar. Large sample room
HEADQUARTERS FOR TOURISTS, MINERS and COMMERCIAL MEN
Two autos on request from Lytton or Ashcroft
Headquarters for Lytton-Lillooet stage line. Stage
meets Seton Lake boat. Rigs furnished on demand.
RATES: $1.50 per day and up. By month $35 and up. Meals, 21 for $9.00
Lillooet, B. C.
EXCELSIOR HOTEL
W.   J.  Abercrombie,   Proprietor
A First-Class Table.
WINES, LIQUORS, AND THE BEST OF CIGARS
STEAMER   BRITANNIA
REGULAR Trips up Seton Lake every
Day.
Convenient for all passengers to Mission,
Bridge River, Short Portage, Anderson Lake,
MaGillvray Creek and the Pemberton country
Leaves, 8.00 a. m.    Arrives at Mission, 10 a. m.     Arrives
Short Portage, 11 o'clock
Returning Leaves Short Portage, 12 p. m.     Leaves Mission
12:45 p. m.    Arrives, 3:00 p. m.
LEST YOU FORGET
Lillooet to. Lytton
IN EASE AND COMFORT
by AUTO STAGE.
Experienced Driver.
Reasonable Charges.
Apply WALTER C. KEEBLE, - LYTTON, B. C.
J.M. Mackinnon, BROKER, Vancouver,B.C
Suite 5 Williams Bldg. 413 Granville St.
Lillooet Ranches and Fruit Lands a Specialty.    Correspondence Solicited.
Timber Lands,  Ranch Lands.
Coast Lands and Real Estate.
Four old Scotchmen, the remnant of a club formed fifty years
before, were seated around the
club tables. It was 5 a. m., and
Donald looked across to Dougal,
and said in a thick whisper:
"Dougal, do ye'notice what an
awful peculiar expression there
is on Jock's face?" "Aye," said
Dougal, "I noticed that; he's
dead. He's been dead these four
hours.'' ' 'What, dead! why did
ye not tell us?" "Ah.no.no,"
said Dougal, "A'm no that kind
of man to disturb a convivial
evening."
After deciding recently to publish a monthly paper at the Illinois State penitentiary at Joliet, to
be edited by the convicts, the
prison officials were somewhat
embarrassed—not to say surprised—to find that there was not a
printer among the 1,500 inmates
of that institution. A former
prominent banker, under sentence for forgery, will be the
editor. Some years ago it was
necessary to discontinue the publication of the prison paper in the
Ohio penitentiary because of the
absence of printers, although
there were fifty bankers behind
the bars.
The comedy which hung upon
the report that the Krupps were
about to acquire the Putiloff
armor works in Russia illustrates
the deft way in which establishments of this kind take advantage
of international rivalry to extract
money from the investors. The
Putiloff people required more
capital, and naturally enough
turned to Russia's wealthy ally,
France. But the republic enormously rich though she is, has
financial needs of her own to
supply, and was reluctant to furnish the wherewithal. Thereupon
it was announced that overtures
for the sale of the works to the
great German firm of Krupp were
in progress. France heard the
rumor with dismay. The Putil-
offs were in possession of many
of their gun-making secrets.
Through the alliance between her
and Russia they had been supplied with the formulae by which
France has been able to produce
the finest artillery in the world,
and were the Krupps to learn
these processes it would be a
calamity. So France had to put
up the $10,000,000 needed to save
the situation. Thus did the Slav
outwit his friend and ally, the
Gaul.
Water Notice
For a Licence to Store or Pen
Back Water.
NOTICE is hereby given that Western
Canadian Ranching Co., of Gang Ranch,
will apply for a licence to store or pen
back six hundred acre-feet of water
from Gaspard Creek, a stream flowing
in an Easterly direction and emptying
into Fraser River. The water will be
stored in a reservoir of 600 acre-feet
capacity, to be built about 40 chains
East of Lot 57, G. I, Lillooet District,
on Little Gaspard Creek, and will be
used for irrigation purposes as authorized by Water Record No. 147, on the
land described as Sec. 123, East 1-2 4,
East 1-2 9, 10, 11, ]2, Southerly 363
acres of 13, Southerly 317 acres of 14,
West 1-2 of 15, all in Township Ten (10)
Lillooet District.
This notice was posted on the ground
on the 15th day of December, 1913.
The application will be filed in the
office of the Water Recorder at Clinton,
B.C.
Objections may be filed with the said
Water Recorder, or with the Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C.
Western Canadian Ranching Co.
Applicant.
By F. J. Fulton, Agent.     d26
James T. Farmer.
CONTRACTORS BUILDER
LILLOOET,   B. C.
P. GARIGAN
General
Merchandise
Miners'
Supplies
Etc., Etc., Etc.
Pavilion, - B. C.
Lillooet Auto Car Co.
J. H. Kriege. C. B. Clear
Expert Machinists
and Fitters,
Being equipped with all facilities
for the prompt repair of automobiles, bicycles, etc., we are now
in a position to execute the most
intricate orders. No job too
small or too large to receive our
prompt attention.	
WO HINQ
GENERAL
MERCHANT
NEW STOCK OF
FALL GOODS!
FIRST-CLASS QUALITY.
REASONABLE PRICES.
Groceries,
Hardware,
Clothing,
Footwear,
Dry Goods,
Camp Supplies,
Fancy Goods,
Notions.
Lillooet, B. C.
[»H55HSH5HSrHSE5H5ESH5H55jn
G.  M. DOWNTON
LILLOOET, B. C.
B. C. Land Surveyor |
Surveys handled in all
parts of the Lillooet District. Mineral Claim
Surveying a specialty.     Rj
l£5HH5H5E5H5E5H525H5E55Hs]
Saddle Horses
Pack Horses,
Single and Double Rigs
for Hire.
LIGHT OR HEAVY
FREIGHTING.
Hunting Parties Furnished.
STEPHEN & J. RETASKET.
FEED STABLE
Horses and Rigs for Hire
Light and Heavy Draying
Express Delivery
EMMET DARCY, Prop.
Bus Meets all Regular Boats
at Seaton Lake THE PROSPECTOR
VALUABLE MINERALS.
The extent and variety of British Columbia's minerals are as yet practically
unknown, and mining, as an industry,
is in its earliest infancy. While the
deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead,
coal, lime, building stone, etc., are
being exploited to a certain extent and
are annually producing wealth to over
thirty millions of dollars, there are
other minerals discovered from time to
time, and the next generation may see
the variety of profitable metals and
minerals doubled in number.
While new discoveries are being made
there are other deposits the existence
of which has been known for some
time, but have not become producers
because of the lack of transportation
facilities. Among these is the vast deposit of carbonate of soda underlying
the "soda lakes" and adjacent territory
in the Cariboo country. These lakes
have become impregnated with the
mineral to the point of a saturated solution through seepage, and have excited
the interests of scientists for a generation or more.
Situated within two miles of the old
Cariboo wagon road, about sixty miles
north of Ashcroft, their existence has
been no secret since white men first
penetrated 'that country, but because
the product could not be taken to market except at the expense of a long
wagon haul on top of the railway charges, they have been allowed to lie dormant. This condition, however, will
soon be changed. The sodium deposits
have been secured by a Vancouver syndicate, who intend to commence active
development with the advent of spring,
and by the time the Pacific Great Eastern railway reaches the vicinity next
fall it is expected that shipments of
the product will at once begin.
In the early eighties the late Dr.
Dawson, perhaps the greatest authority
on minerals ever operating in Canada,
and who spent the greater part of his
lifetime in the geological survey of this
Dominion, reported on these lakes,
spending several weeks in examining
them and their surroundings. He expressed the opinion that underlying
these lakes is an enormous vein or deposit consisting a foundation of one of
the salts of potassium, which is capped
by the carbonate of soda. Owing to the
action of water through continual seepage as well as certain chemical reactions, the lakes have become thoroughly
impregnated with the salts.
The expert who reported on the deposits for the local syndicate found a
peculiar and interesting condition existing. It appears that when the first
skim of ice forms on the surface of the
water the carbonate of soda, having a
medium to which to attach, formed itself into crystals upon the lower surface
of the ice, and as the latter increased
in thickness the process of crystallization continued, soda crystals and ice
crystals forming together in a solid
mass. Two blocks of this product
which the expert secured by the method
of sawing them out, were brought to
Vancouver, and when the ice had melted the soda crystals were weighed, and
it was found that a cubic foot of the
mass produced ten pounds of crystals.
The ice forms every winter to an
average depth of fourteen inches, and
as the larger of the lakes is slightly
over 50 acres in area, a simple arithmetical calculation shows that this one lake
will produce each winter about 21,000
tons of the pure carbonate of soda, and
assuming that the net profit from this
product would be only $5 per ton, the
possibilities of the proposition may be
readily seen, even though operations
were confined only to removing the crop
which nature annually provides.
The one drawback to operating the
deposits in this manner lies in the fact
that a continuous crop of ice and soda
is not supplied, and it is the intention to
locate the deposit either by diamond
drilling or by shafts, and work continuously on a large scale. In fact, if all the
plans of the promoters materialize there
will, before many years, be employment
for such a number of hands-as to make
this industry one of the largest employers of labor in the province.
Carbonate of soda is one of the most
widely  used  minerals  in the universe.
It enters into the  composition  of soap
and washing powders,  is  indispensible
to   cyaniding   and   other   gold-saving
plants,   pulp  and  paper mills, and in
fact nearly every kind  and description
of manufacturing institution, as well as
being used in the manufacture of glass.
With  the  advent of the P. G. E. rail- \
way, which passes  within two miles of
the  deposit,   it is more than probable
that an industrial city   of some magni- j
tude will grow around the works which i
it is proposed to instal.
Germany is the only exporter of com-1
mercial potash, and the deposits in that j
country exist at considerable depth,
making the product more or less expensive to secure. The German exports
amount to $7,000,000 annually, and if
the theory of the late Dr. Dawson is
found to be correct, that the carbonate
of soda is underlaid by sodium deposits,
a large proportion of this money will
soon be coming to British Columbia instead of crossing the ocean. While Dr.
Dawson stands so high in the profession
that his opinions need no corroboration,
it is a fact that other geological experts
agree with him on this point, so the
chances for the development of a potassium industry in conjunction with the
carbonate of soda are extremely favorable.—Sun.
rr
CLINTON HAPPENINGS.
From our Regular Correspondent.
Mr. Arthur Chamberlain, of the Canada Ingot Iron Culvert Company, of
Kamloops, spent a couple of days in
town this week.
Miss Murdock. of Big Bar, passed
through Clinton last week, for Kamloops, where she will attend school. She
was accompanied by her father, John
Murdock.
Miss Edgelow, who has been ill for
the past week, is now on the high road
to recovery.
Another severe shock was felt by
Clintonians one night last week, the
thermometer touching the 35 below zero
mark; but equilibrium was speedily
gained when it retreated to its proper
position above the "o." It then started
to snow once more, and at time of writing it has been a continual fall of 48
hours. Our earth seems already burdened with a sufficient quantity for our
present wants, and we have considerably more, already, than in former
years, but it still keeps on coming. The
creeks, lakes and rivers of this so-called
"high and dry belt" should be plentifully supplied during the coming summer.
Mr. J. K. More is on a trip to the
Horsefly district.
We regret that apparently nothing
has been done as yet with regard to
Clinton's water supply for domestic
purposes for the coming summer. The
spring will soon be with us, and with
the spring the advent of the construction gangs and the inevitable polution
of the creeks. Many a destructive epidemic-typhoid fever, for instance—has
been started and caused by impure
water. Such an epidemic during a hot
summer in a town situated as Clinton
is, would go hard with the inhabitants.
Trappers in many parts of Kootenay
and Boundary are taking advantage of
the open season for beaver and are
stated to be securing such good catches
that the financial results, in spite of the
comparatively low prices which it is
said are being paid for pelts, are excellent. Many beaver are being caught
in the Salmo district, where the animals last fall built such dams that
powder had to be used to blow them
out in order to prevent the flooding of
the low meadow land.
BANK OF BRITISH NORTH AMERICA
Established 1836
CAPITAL AND RESERVE, $7,750,000
SAVINGS DEPARTMENT-One dollar opens an account, j
Interest added half yearly.
A CURRENT ACCOUNT provides a safe and convenient
way of paying your bills, as each cheque returns to
you as a receipt.
COLLECTIONS promptly attended to.
MONEY ORDERS,  Drafts, Travelers' Cheques and Tele-
-     graph Transfers issued, payable all over the world.        <
Our Manager will gladly give you full particulars of our
arrangements foV Banking by Mail if you
will call on him, or write.
A. B. GREIG,   Manager      -    -     Lillooet Branch \
J***<**^***^^A*/^^*^^V^w'VW»*i'VW*V'«%WV^*1
i
n
BROPHY BROS.
Gents'
Furnishings.
Boots & Shoes.
  Shoe Repairing
Agents for House of Hobberlin
^M^Mw^^^^^^wa^^w^^i^^a^ ***** i
HOUSE
OF
HOBBERLIN
LIMITED
JOB PRINTING.
OKS3UEX35UI
wsmuBWB&mjj&visBiiiUiiiBiia ux&.'XSffiUfl
WHEN     YOU     WANT
!JOB PRINTING
THE   BETTER    KIND
Delivered    When    Promised
and  Correct When Delivered
The Prospector,
Lillooet, B. C.
GREATEST OF ALL.
A Missouri editor says: "The biggest
trust on earth is the country newspaper.
It trusts everybody, gets cussed for
trusting, mistrusted for cussing, and if
I it busts for trusting  it gets cussed for
I busting."
Agents wanted to sell fruit,
shade and ornamental trees and
small fruit plants. Apply Royal
Nurseries Ltd., 710 Dominion
Bldg., Vancouver, British Columbia.

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