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Prince Rupert Journal Mar 1, 1914

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VOL.  III.
PRINCE RUPERT, B.C., SUNDAY,  MARCH   1,  1914.
Price 5 Cents.
NO. S6.
CANADIAN NORTHERN
FINANCES EXPLAINED
Sir William Mackenzie's Statement
Covering the Construction of the
Line With Which He Is So Prominently Identified—He Shows How
the  Money   Has   Been   Handled
Sir William Mackenzie recently issued a statement on tho Canadian
Northern Railway system and its relation to public assistance.
He commences by dealitig witn
the charges that the C.N.R. system
has been subsidized in excess of its
legitimate requirements and that the
money voted by Parliament had
been diverted by Mackenzie, iviann &
Co. for their private purposes, and
offers an explanation by stating
that he gives the official figures in
the case frankly. The Canadian Northern, he says, is not an exception
to the general statement that there
have been placed on tbe statute
books of Canada millions of dollars
of cash subsidies that have nevelr
been earned and millions of dollars
of bond guarantees that have never
progressed further than the original
authorizing legislation.  He says:
"Guarantees have been granted by
provincial governments for provincial lines which have never been
commenced, which may never be
built, and which, in some cases,
«were never asked for by the company. These guarantees, with unearned cash subsidies to certain
branch lines within the system, are
charged up by statisticians, casually
referring to the bluebook, as againsl
the constructed mileage of the C.N.
R. system.
Resume of Construction.
"So much for the origin of representations that have taken place.
Now,*'as to the facts: The Canadian Northern Railway Company has
under construction and expects to
have completed by the end of 1914,
9,943 miles of railway. There are
completed 869 miles, and under operation at present 7,152 miles. The
completed and uncompleted equipment to December 31, 1913, ?303,-
319,232. From the Dominion and
the Provincial Governments and
from municipalities, up to the same
date, there have been received by
the companies forming the Canadian
Northern Railway system, while under control of Mackenzie, Mann    &
Will Murphy Be Ousted
Out of Organized Ball
OOO&O&OWIOOWOW**^^
Best Bargains
—IN—
Rupert Realty
Four-room house and lot In
Section 7, $1,000; terms to
suit. Last week we sold vacant
lot on same street a block
further out for $800.
Lot 7, Block 32, Section 7,
a fine level lot on Seventh
Avenue, $700; easy terms.
Lots 1 and 2, ttlock 35,
Section 8, a fine double corner
on Eleventh Avenue, $1150.
Two of the finest view lots
ln the city, extra large, level
and every way desirable, 810011
tor pair, terms to suit.
Several good houses and
flats for rent.
Every  kind  of  insurance.
WESTENHAVER BROS
Second  Ave.    und     Third
Phone KM).
A HOME COMPANY
THE PRINCE RUPERT BUILDING & INVESTMENT CO. LTD.
Now    completing    a    Modern
Apartment   House—Call    and
talk the investment over with
the Agents.
SHARKS   $10   EACH
McCaffery&Gibbons
Co., ?20,992,G66 In cash subventions, or about 6 per cent, of the
total cost of the railway mileage
construction. The figures are correct.
They include all the cash subsidies
received from public sources as a
set-off against the $303,000,000 of
costs before mentioned. When compared with the cash subventions
given to either of the transcontinental railways, or when compared with
the great economic good which has
been and is being accomplished by
the C.N.R. system, these figures
must disabuse the public mind of
the idea that, the C.N.R. has been
over-subsidized, its bonds over-
guaranteed, or, to put it mildly,
that there has been even an opportunity to re-invest the subsidies in
outside  ventures.
Matter of Land Grants.
"The critic at this period naturally
asks, 'What about the land grants?'
Let me explain in a few words that
published statements have almost
hopelessly misrepresented the facts
of the case. Briefly, the grants were
made between 1882 and 1890 to
three companies. The Lake Manitoba
Railway and Canal Company, the
Winnipeg and Hudson's Bay Railway-
Co., and the Manitoba and Southeastern Railway Co., for the construction of certain defined lines in
Manitoba and the then Northwest
Territories. The land at that time
had little value, as, by reason of Inadequate transportation facilities,
there was no eagerness to take up
farming in Western Canada, ana
under the homestead regulations the
few settlers coming Into the country
obtained all the land they required
for the discharge of the homestead
duties. The promoters, who had more
confidence than finance, were anxious for western development, and
hawked the charters from one end of
Canada to the other, seeking in vain
support from the financial interests.
The promoters of the Winnipeg and
Hudson's Bay Railway Company
visited New York, London and Paris
in a fruitless endeavor to arouse an
j interest in the undertaking. Years
after the land grants had been au-
1 thoi-ized by Parliament, Mackenzie
and Mann bought the charters carrying the laud grants and built the
railways.
Turned Over to Company.
"They did what the financiers of
Canada, of the United States, of
England and of the Continent repeatedly refused to do. After the
railways had been constructed aud
the statutory provisions for the
grants discharged, Mackenzie and
Mann owned the land in exactly the
same way as the man in the street
owns his watch. If they had then
retired from railway building and
had retained the lands, they would
have been in an enviable position iif
today's world of finance. One Would
not need to go back far in Canadian
history to find examples of men Who
have done this very thing.
"However, this wns not the course
of action. The lands were turned
over to the Canadian Northern Railway Company, and used for issuing
land grant bonds. Lands were sold
from time to time at market values.
and their proceeds applied In redemption' of these bonds. I'P I" December 31st, 1913, there were Issued
$24,000,000 of land granl bonds.
The land grants made to the companies, the charters and rights of
which were secured by Mackenzie
and Mann, total 4,000,000 acres.
The company got the benefit of these
lands.'
After dealing with the work of
development done by the Canadian
Northern Railway in Western Canada, the colonization work and the
bonds guaranteed by the Dominion
and several provincial governments,
Sir William Mackenzie denied that
either he or Sir Donald Mann had
at any time used the funds of the
Canadian Northern Railway for their
personal advantage, as has been
hinted at by reputable Journalists.
FEBRUARY CUSTOMS
SHOW INCREASE
Left to right, we have here John Tener, president of the National
League, and August Herrmann, t. e president of the Cincinnati Baseball Club and chairman of the National Baseball Commission. It will be
up to these two men to decide whether or not Charles W. Murphy, the
president of the Chicago National League Club, is to remain in organized baseball. Murphy, who seems to have stepped Into Horace Fogel's
shoes as the "goat" of the National League, says he will not be driven
out of baseball, and that If they fTener and Herrmann) attempt any
"impeachment" methods he will figl t back, even though it means the
disruption of organized baseball, and the success of the outlaw or Federal League. The present rumpus was brought about by the sudden ungrateful discharging of Johnny Evers as manager of the Chicago National Baseball Club.
I    City Has Had Offer For Bonds   I
It has been learned that another offer has beeu made to the
city for a part of its bonds.-This was brought before a special
meeting of the council held yesterday, following, it is said, a
message from the mayor, who is in the south. Tbe Oner was 87
for 20-year bonds. The amount offered to be taken at that price
was $385,000 worth. The council, it is said, refused to consider
the offer and the mayor has been so advised.
&KHKl<«KH«KHKHaWqfrt^^
As Compared With the Corresponding Month Last Year the Income
Was About Half As Much Greater
--Receipts At the Local Office
Amounts to Little Over  $13,000
The customs returns at this port
continue to increase In volume.
Those or February show a marked
advance over what February of last
year had to its credit. The figures
for February, 1913, were $9,154.26.
For February, 1914, ihe increase was
¥3,SSC01 over this, making it $13,-
040.27.
This increase which is in common
with the record for some months
past is indicative of the growing
importance of this city as a commercial centre. It shows that well on
for half as much more in value was
imported in the month just ended
as there was for the same period a
year ago.
The customs returns are a good
indication of the business life of a
place and Prince Rupert has every
reason to feel satisfied with the
showing that is made.
The  indications  are  now   for    a
most, prosperous summer this year,
followed by siill better things in
1915 and with a tremendous impetus
to trade in 1916, when Prince Rupert will be on the way to becoming
an important metropolis. Already
there is much planning for the coming year. Inquiries are very insistent
from the outside with respect to the
city and the district. In u mining
way there are many inquiries, both
by men who write and by those who
personally visit Hie city. The district
will be alive with men this season.
The continued mild weather and
tho absence of deep snow in the
mountains has had the effect of
starling many prospectors to preparing for taking to the hills. There
will be a large number out before
long.
Port Edward has a total docking
length of 16,960 feet.
OFFICIAL WAS
DEEP IN POLITICS
SUSPENSION OK SUPERINTEND-
ENT OF TRENT VALLEY
CANAL TAKES EFFECT..
TWO LIVES LOST
ON AUTO COURSE
FIRST   SERIOUS   ACCIDENTS    AT
SANTA MONICA  .(XTItl'.KD
YESTERDAY,
UESTER EXCLUSION
NOT AGREEABLE
He Is Accused of   Having    Diverted | While    Going at  Eighty  Miles    an
Money to  Campaign Purposes
in   urn.
Hour One    Machine    Turned
tn-er, Hilling Driver,
Both Unionists and Nationalists Denounce the Suggestion—A Violent
Campaign In House of Commons
May Now Be Led Against Asquith
Government   On   Irish   Question
London, Feb. 28.—So far as anything can be foretold of the Home
Rule settlement, the projiosal for
Ulster exclusion is dead. None in
Ireland will have It. The Unionists
and the Nationalists unite in denouncing the suggestion.
Leading Irish Unionist papers, like
the Irish Times and the Dublin Daily
Express, warn the leaders that exclusion  in  impossible.  The  National
ists regard exclusion as equivalent
to defeat were it to be proposed by
the Government save tor a strictly
limited term of years. There may
possibly be a split in the Liberal
party  if attempted.
The Unionists, who now recognize
that their attempt to rush Premier
Asquith into surrender at the beginning of the session has failed, are
talking again of a can. 'aign of violence In the House of Commons.
f'l'li-biiiiiil I'nai'deliiii'g' Day.
The veterans of South Africa residing iu the city celebrated last
evening  the   battle  of     Paardeburg,
Prince Albert  III.
The Grand Trunk Pacific    steamer
Prince Albert reached port    shortly-
after noon  yesterday  with a    large
where  the  Canadians covered  them-  number   Of   passengers.     She  had
ael\es with glory. They gathered in
the Knights of Pythias Hall and
spent a happy time recalling incidents connected with the campaign
in South Africa.
A Japanese who has been sick for
some time at the North Pacific Cannery died yesterday, his body being
brought here for Interment,
quick  passage from  Vancouver.
OLD COUNTRY RUGBY'.
Dublin, Feb. 28.—In the Hug-
by match here today Ireland
won with a score of 6 to Scotland's  0.
CH»i*i»l>tKHMHKH»t*ft<HKH^^
Col. Thompson Not Likely to Come
The visit  of Col. Thompson  to  the city  to  report   upon the
hydro-electric proposition is net likely to follow.    It  is said that
the visit of Ihe expert was one which the city council    did not
think was necessary at Ibis time.     According  to  the  information
obtainable,  Col.  Thompson's  services were  available  for  the city
if the council so wished. The council, however, has    decided that
there is no Immediate need of  his coming at this time.
ooaooo^OiiOtOiiiHto^^
Ottawa, Feb, 2S.—The suspension Santa .Monica, Feb. 28.—Two lives
of the superintendent of the Trent I have been lost in the Grand Prix
Valley Canal, together with nine automobile race. Paul Frederick
other employees, on account of the Seigel was killed on his way to tho
grave irregularities of the admini- race when his car skidded against
stration officials at Peterboro caused j Hie curb on Los Angeles Street.. J.
a considerable sensation in political I B. Marquis, while driving an English
circles. It Is understood the matter car, was fatally injured,
will noi he allowed to rest where itj He was leading tho nicer- at the
Is. but that a thorough probing of time, going at eighty miles an hour,
the whole business will be made atJAt a turn his car keeled over aud
once. It is understood that several pinned him beneath it, crushing his
thousand    dollars    are unaccounted  body and his skull. The mechanism
injured     only
of the machlnT
slightly.    This i
for. The explanation given is that
the superintendent diverted money
to the Liberal  campaign    fund    of;accident on the Santa Mon
Peterboro In the election of 1911.  0	
It is said that officials will be suspended at other great public works
throughout the country, where similar   Irregularities  have  taken
was
i    the first    serious
a i.-ourse.
JOHN   OARTHEW   DIED
YESTERDAY  AT   HOSPTTAJ.
place, -j .. -**
The investigation of the admiuistra- Tll*r* F8sed away al the ^"^
tion of other undertakings of the Rupert .General HMp tal yesterday
r, .  ,    ,     . j     r,    .i     John Cdrthew, a well-known resident
Government  is to be  made. On the!J    _ _    ' _,
irt,
The deceased, who
had reached the age of 56 years,
was taken down with blood poisoning only a few days ago. He had
cut his finger a short time beforo.
were lavish,!1"11 had thought little of it until it
'Ibecame seriou.-,  and  he  was  sent  lo
evidence was supplied by the officials
canal the little steamer Bessie But-lof Prin,'e PmP
ler appears in evidence.  It was the
custom    to  run  nautical  joy    rides
up the canal in the craft when    Sir
Wilfrid    Laurier    was     entertained
and   the  bills,  which
were charged to    the    Government.,
the hospital. There, after a short ill
themselves  under cross-examination.
 o ■
Annual Church Servire.
Skeeiui Lodge No 41 h'nlehls of
Pythias will hold the - annual
church 'sen Ice Sunday evenli ■ al
7::io. All members of the order
are requested to meet In th*lr Imll
at 6:30 and proceed in a body to the
Anglican Church,
 o	
SIR GEORGE ROSS
IS SINKING
| ness, he passed away.
The deceased wa< an expert millwright and of late had turned his
attention to boat building. In tho
'earlier days "f Ihe '-aiming industry
he had a part in the building and
Iqulpplng of several canneries along
the ooasi ,
Ai one   \:       •■ lived In  v. itorla
and he has friends still living thero.
Two brother- res t- al Comox l-inil
ing on v.-iiic ■■ -     Island and another
one ." !  unb.
Tin- remains ai ai Hayner'a Un
dertaklng Parlot ■ t *-a - nsti c
lions  from  frii-v '
WELL-KNOWN   LIBERAL  STAI
.MAN  CANNOT    LIVE,    IT
SAID, OVER PEW DAYS.
IS    I <iiw<iCH><H50-i>oooaCKioo<Ki-CHj-CK;-ati
liieie Is No Hope for His Recovery
Held   Out  by   the
Doctors.
Toronto, Feb. 2S.—Sir George
ftoss. formerly Premier of Ontario,
is in a very low condition. His recovery cannot be expected.
In a bulletin issued at 1 o'clock
today by Dr. Qoidle, the chief physician of Sir George Ross, the doc-
lor said the statesman could nol
live more than one or two days al
the most. His death, it was announced, mighl occur al any moment.
FOR SALE
Two   lyots,   water   view,    8400
each
Lot  on  Hays Cove Ave.. 8750;
good   terms
Stores built  to suit  tenants on
Fourth     St..   between     Second
and Third   Ave».
McCAFFERY
& GIBBONS
Third AveilUC    Prince Itupori
| giKKHKHKH; iKKKJ<K«KH><HKH5c«10^ PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Sunday, March  1,  1914.
prince Kupetf journal
Telephone  138
O. H. NELSON, Editor.
Office: 128 Third Avenue East,
n^ar McBride Street. Telephone 138.
Postoffice  Box  607.
DAILY  EDITION.
Publisho 1    every morning    except
Monday. Delivered by carrier in the
city at the following ra'e, if paid in
sdvanc :: —
One "ear J5.00
Six   Months $2.50
"hree   Months $1.25
One   Month JO.50
WEEKLY EDITION.
Pub'lshed e\ ry Frld v for circulation outside the City of Prince
Rupert ai {2.00 a year, addressed to
points In Canada; or $3.00 j year to
al' points In the Un'ted Kingdom,
the United States or other "oreign
countries.
Advertising Rates Upon Application.
Sunday,   .March   1,   1914,
I1ROAD CHRISTIANITY.
The following letier to the London
Times in he Itight Rev,, F. II. DuVernet, Bishop of Caledonia, dated
from Prince Rupert, will be read
Willi   interest:
As an example of how special
circumstances cull for a liberal interpretation of ii rule drawil ii|i I'm
ordinary conditions, may i be permitted to mention an incident which
1 regard as one of the most precious
experiences  of  my life'.'
It was live or six years ago.
Easter was approaching. For many
months 1 had been the only representative of the Christian ministry
in the town of Prince Rupert, which
was struggling into existence on the
shore of Kuien Island. Members of
all denominations had been attending
our services, I told them that as a
bishop of the Anglican Church,
which was first on this coast by
many years, I counted it a great
privilege to minister to them, and
as I knew" many valued exceedingly
their Easter Communion, I should
be glad to welcome to our Easter
celebration those who were communicants of other churches—"all
such," I added, "as shall be religiously and devoutly disposed."
The scene on Hint Easter Day
was a memorable one. Roman Catholics, On1 odox Greeks, Lutherans,
Preshyterians, Methodists, Baptist?
a.-, well :i- Anglicans, came. Together we sang mosl heartily, "The
Church's One Foundation I* Jesus
Christ, Hi :■ Lord." Together vye knell
side by Bide and partook nf those
s;:i ; od 'inents which, i ariously interpreted, meanl for each and all
the Holy Communion, the Fellow
ship Divine.
and especially young officers, are
disposed to claim that, their calling
gives them privileges above the civilians. 1 shall know how lo see that
due respect is given to the members
of the army where necessary, that
is, on the field of battle, where it is
their duly to defend their fellow-
citizens with their lives.
"But beyond this, no soldier, no
matter what his rank or standing,
shall permit, himself to misuse one
of my citizens, ii is they, nol I, who
support the army, and tins army,
whose command is entrusted to me
receives its daily bread from them.
Arrest, cashiering and the death penalty will be the consequences which
every person disregarding ihis order
may expect  from  my  relentless   se
verity."
The later order of 1820 was
prompted by more troublous times
when the sovereigns of the Holy
Alliance feared popular uprising?
iinil revolutions. It authorized the
senior officer in u garrison to intervene and use the forces at his command to restore order nol only when
requested by the civil authorities
Inn also without such requisition if
the authorities were slow or hesl-
tant to request assistance or were
prevented by circumstances from
issuing the appeal or if bo thought
the police force Inadequate to re-
tore order  unaided.
Various laws governing the rights
and restrictions of the military under such conditions have been enacted since the establishment of the
German Empire and few persons ex-
cepl those called upon to peruse the
confidential instructions were aware,
before the Zaborn incident, that the
order of 1821 was still in existence
and contained in the latest Prussian
Service instructions.
.Many jurists are extremely doubtful whether it ever was valid for
Alsace-Lorraine, and the general
opinion is that it was cancelled by
an order of 1837. Of its unconstitutionality there is little doubt expressed except among the jurists ol
ultra-conservative leanings.
mm
mm
S. S. PRINCE GEORGE
FRIDAY 9 a. m.
1   S. S. PRINCE JOHN
SUNDAY 6 p.m.
FOI!   VANCOUVER,   VICTORIA AND SEATTLE
For points east, of Chicago and I ho Atlantic Seaboard, connecting with principal ATLANTIC STEAMSHIP LINES use the GRAND
TRUNK  RAILWAY  SYSTEM, the double-irack route.
For full particulars and through tickets to all points apply to
ALBERT DAVIDSON, General Agent, G.T.I', tlckel Office, Third
Avenue.
Extremely low third-class rates now In effect
TO AND PROM EUROPE
ALBERT DAVIDSON, General Agent,  Hurt  Block, Prince Rupert,
Agency   all    Atlantic      Steamship      Lines.
msEHmmximsBJZKmmmwssgmBmiJi- ■
HOTEL DIRECTORY
I     MEMBERS OF PRINCE RUPERT LICENSED VINTNERS ASSOCIATION
Methodist Services.
Special anniversary services will
be held at the Methodist Church on
Sunday as follows. Morning service
in 11:00. The pastor will preach on,
"The Investment of a Church." Sunday School at 2:30 p.m. Evening
.lervice at 7:30. il< \ Geo. H. Raley,
of Pun ain son, .11 preach in Ihe
evening. Si ial music will be profiled by the choir at both services.
Following the evening service the
regular fifteen  minutes of song will
C. P. R. COAST STEAM
SHIP SERVICE
PRINCESS
BEATRICE
Southbound  Sunday
8 p. m.
Cor. Third Ave. aud Sixth «< J- G. McNAB. General Agent
Subscribe   for   tlic   Prince   Ruperl
Weekly Journal, $2.00 a year.
PACIFIC TRANSFER COM
General Teaming
Office 000 Third Ave. Phon" 03
Safe, Piano, Furniture and Baggage
Moving Carefully and Promptly Done
STORAGE AND FORWARDING
COAL AND WOOD
ol
Skeena    Land   District—District
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE  NOTICE     thai     f,   Wilfred
Charles  MacDonald,  of   Prince     Rupert,  Prospector,  intend    to    apply
for a  licence  io prospect for    con!
and petroleum o\ei Ilio following described iit-.ds:    Commencing    at    a
be conducted. A hearty invitation is [post planted four miles east and two
extended   lo all.
II. ML.WINS ENDS
Ills  LIFE
\  SEATTLE
Young Lawyer Who Formerly Lived
Here   Committed
Suicide.
> '' ll. Kearns, 28 years old, of
Vancouver, B.C., was found dead in j
a room iu the Grand 1'tirific Hotel,)
First Avenue and Seneca Street,
Seattle, shortly before noon ln^i
Thursday. Kearns committed suicide
bj i ivallow lug i arbolic acid.
At tl  t tin   bodj  whs dis
covered and identified Kearns'
younger brother, Frank Kearns, who
wenl i eattli n -arch oi him,
sat in the hall ai police headquarters
awaiting  m n ' mother Is
ill   It: H      ■- ,, :i r      hoy
wi nt to I    ittlo al  hi r n riuesl   Tin
1 ■  '             uuud I ild, w im de-
ir i and  in estimated.
Hie    di
  ouver,  with
city.   He   I ;
father -    rd        aue
Four brothers also lins'^tiere
Mr.   Ki-iini    lived   in   Prince   Ru
.
: stud in in
the olllce of V\ llliams aud MTfti n
here, fie arrived In the city on the
An i  trip of the Prince Rupert,
y..\m:i:.\ acquittal
UNCONSTITUTIONAL
Meetings.
'ieid in the
/enue. Sunday
Sunday School
Christian Scien
These me ''
Hays  Blocl     .-.-   ono.
service al p.m.
neets in the afternoon at 2:30.
Testimony mec in Wednesday at
s p.m. Reading room is open every
day from ;i p. n. to p.m., except
Sundays und le ;al 1    ' lays,
miles south of the north-easl corner
of C.L. 11092, thence south SO
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north SO chains, thence west 80
chains, to point of commencement,
containing 640 acres more or less.
WILFRED CHARLES MACDONALD.
Dated 3rd Jauary, 1914. f27
"WATER ACT"    AND    AMENDING
ACTS.
Before the Board of Investigation.
In the matter of Alder Creek, Atlin
Lake, Alsek River, Boulder Creek,
Birch Creek, Big Spruce Creek, Big
Horn Creek, Beaver Lake, Bennei
Lake, Carrion Creek, Consolation
Creek, Chilkat River, Clear Creek,
Dominion Creek, Dixie River, Elk
Lake. Eureka Creek, Eagle Creek,
Eldorado Creek, Edgar Lake, Fourth
of July Creek, Cold uun Creek, Graham Creek, Homnn River, Johnston
Creek, Jarvis Creek, Klehinl -nver,
Leduewood River, Little Spruce
Creek, Lindemana Lake, Moose
Lake, McKInley Creek, McKee Creels,
Nelson Lake, Pine Creek, Cnei
Creek, Otter Lake, Qi irti Creek,
Pike River, Ruby Cre . .. se Creel
Spruce Creek, Surprise Lake, Snak«
Creek, Sloko Lake, T;i"ish Lake, 'i ul-
shi Lake, Tatshenshii.: Willow
Creek, Wright Creeli, Wilson Creek
and .ill other steams in the Atlin
Water District, as defined on Page
6470 of the British Columbia Gazelle
of the 31st July,  1918.
WINDSOR HOTEL
Cor, of First Ave. and Eighth St.
VV. H. Wright, Prop.
■■»»»» ♦-
HOTEL CENTRAL
First Ave. and Seventh Street
European and American Plan
$1.00 to $2.50 per clay
Peter Black, Prop.
KNOX HOTEL
First Ave. Between Eighth and Ninth
European Plan
Rates 50c. to $1.00 per day
Besner & Besner, Props.
EMPRESS HOTEL
i. Y. ROCHESTER V. D. CASLEY
Third Ave. Between 6th and 7th Sts.
European Plan
5oc. to $l.oo per day
WATER NOTICE.
Application for a Licence to take
and dse and to store or pen back
water will be made under the "Water Act" "' British Qplumbla., an
follows:
1.  The  name of  the applicant is
Port Edward Townsite Co., Ltd.
The address of the applicant is
a Prince Rupert, tt.0.
jgjl     8.    The name  of  iiiu
The Fl
portation Coiin.
Prussian  King, Who (lave Order Re-
suiting in COI, Von Router's Acquittal Changed Opinion.
Next to the Home suit of historical
sidelights to the Zaborn affair have
discovered that King Frederick William III., on whose order of 1820
Ih erecenl acquittal of Colonel Von
Reutcr, charged with military dictatorship al Zaborn, was based, had
many years before Issued quile contrary orders, In a .ocular Issued by
Frederick William on January I,
17ti9, moie than 100 years ago, be
wrote as follows:
"I have been compelled to note
with greai displeasure, how officers,
liiinl.'ip, Aiyansh,
I roil m is
I Wolf Creek, The stream has its
source in Lake Mathews, flows in
a northwesterly direction, and empties into tide flats about 2000 feet
cast from Mile 8 J-1: G.T.P. track,
4. Tbe water to he diverted from
!-      tream on the north side, about!
100 foil east from oust boundary of
Port Edward Townsite, on Lol 503, |
Range   V,  Coasl   District.
5. Thi i a for which ' the water will 11-   s id Is tminiclj al.
6, The land on which the water if
b    i   ed  Ie de - rlbed " ns follows,
Porl   Edward Townsite,
7, Tho quantity of water applied
for Is as follows; 12 cubic feel pel
Becond.    '
x. The quantity of water lo be
stori il  Is  i 00 1 cubic f et,
9, 'I he    i nlr  Is  located    Im-
ijovi   ijoini  of   ,)' i    Ion,
"I- l ol  503, R 'ii.-c V, Coasl  District.
10. Thi io wn posti il en the
groum i he 6th day of February,
l .i l I
1 ' -       oi this    nolle,, and an
npiicitlon  pursuanl   thereto and  to I
i: o    requirements  of   the    "Water I
'   •"  will  bo  filed   in  the  office of I
Water  Recorder  at  Prince  Ru-"
l.   'l.C.    Objections  may   be  filed
n   the  said  Waler     Recorder,  or
1.     the    Coiiinl roller     of    Water
igh'S,   Parliament     Buildings,  Victoria,  B.C
POTT   "V, D     'TOWNSITE   CO.,
'. i -.!■.  leant.)
ly .;    nicy Niven.  (Agent,)
NOTICE.
To Mr. Blankenberg, formerly of
Graham Island, B.C. Take notice
that unless amount incurred for
repairs and storage on engine is
not paid within thirty days from
date engine will be sold to cover
costs. Rupert Murine Ironworks
& Supply Co., Ltd., 11. 1). Robinson, .Manager, November 18, li)l!i.
■ ♦ *  ♦ -»--<♦ » ■» »
:•
nerican and European Plan
F.  W.  Henning,  Mgr,
£ YAL HOTEL
A.riey & Burgess, Proprietors
Third Ave. and Sixth St.
Em
.
Plan
♦
Steam Heated
-♦- ■■♦• ♦■ ■» ♦ +-+-+-+.. ♦ » »
are making
Investor!. Tin ,-. :. -.,.:: i* \-r,i ■/'
io Prince Qcerge    early   next
month, und  wit!
come au  incti ise
Don't    wait until
say,  "That lot is
lb
"Water Act" and Amending Acts.
CANCELLATION Ot'   REHjilRVB.
NOTICE is her. n. i  Unit   tin.
reserve  dated   the   15th     February,
1010, of the unn-. Drded water in the
streams   in   Kn
Tsimpsean  Pen.
celled.
V     II
Department of Landi
Victoria,  B.C.,  9tl)
■■■mil
nnd   the
rehy can-
i  ; ol  Lands.
ja22
January, 1914.
Steam Tug 'Nora'
For Hire or Charter
Can Famish Scow Also
Apply Capt. Rorvik
Phone Blue 320. Standard Fisheries Dock
will
i n! lies.
ing    und
111 $2000
and I could have bought it six-
months ngo for $1000." Get
in now before the boom.
1 am offering the unsold
portion of the Grand Trunk
Pacific Development Company's lots at AUCTION SALE
PRICES. The usual terms of a
quarter cash, and the balance
In one, two and three years at
O per cent.
EDWARD F. DOYLE I
Riy. 11, Smith »lk„ Phone49U P
*ver
1     Vsale
I    jor'Co.,
united
Set       4venue and
Street
Phvne 102
;; Prince Rupert
;; Importing Co.
Limited
Fraser and Sixth
Streets
Phone 7
».♦■•»-♦ •»■■» ♦ ■>»♦♦ ».»|
if •     *
DAILY JOURNAL
50 Cents per Month
THE ONLY MORNING PAPER IN NORTHERN B.C. Sunday, March  1,  1914.
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
J.   VV.   POWER.   L.R.I.B.A.
ARCHITECT     AND    STRUCTURAL
ENGINEER
Re-inforced Concrete a Specialty
—o—
P.  O.   Box  271
L.O.L.
Meets second and fourth Friday li
each month in K. of P. Hall.
Helgerson Block, rd Ave. and 6th St
Recording Secretary, Box 324
HAYNER BROS
donee." Funeral Directot,. ui.i!
Embulmoi'6.      Open    Day    and
Xight.    Ladles'   Assistant    I-
Attendance
PHONE 86.    713 THIRD AVE.
P, 0. Box 1714 Telephone 448
RITCHIE,   AGNEW   &   CO.
Civil  Engineers ami Surveyors
Prince   Rupert, B.C.
Waterworks, Water Power, Wharf
Construction, Reports, Plans, Dominion and Provincial Land Surveying,
Electric Blue Printing, Negatives and
White Prints.
Phone 300 F. O.  Box 1636
Harrison W. Rogers
ARCHITEC7
Snap
Park Avenue
Lot 36, Block 27,
Section 1
At $3,800, one
third Cash Balance
6,12 & 18 months
P. McLACHLAN
*KtOOOO OO CHS ISCHSCBSCBS-CIWCHKHS O i
Suite i
Federal Bldg
Prince Rupert, B.C.
A. FAULDS, MI. M.E.
Consulting Mining Ki-.j. iieer
Examinations  and   development
Coal, Metal, Oil, etc.
709 DunBmtilr St.       Vancouver, PC
of
J. H. HILDITCH
Contractor and Builder
Intimates given on nil classes ot
work, whether Email or large. Pci*
ronnl attention giyen to every item..
PHONE GREEN 321
J. L. PARKER
MINING ENGTNEBR
Prince Rupert, B. C.
Open tor Consultation and Mine
Examination
Temporary Address—
Prince Rupert Inn
FREDERICK PETKU8   K.C.
Mi'ster, Solicitor and Notary Publi'
Office in
EXCHANGE! BLOCK
roKer
STORAGE
Forwarding,   Distributing   ami
Shipping Agent
Special attention ghen to storage   of   Household   Goods   and
Baggage
DuOOLAB    SUTHERLAND
606 Third Avenue
P.O. Box 007     Phono 2«-^
FOUND.
On  Sunday on  Second  Avenue,  a
dinner ring. Inquire at this office.
■ o	
GOVERNMENT WEATHER
REPORT.
Furnished by  1". VV. Dowling,
For 21 hours ending ii p.m.
February 28.
Bar. reduced  to sea level. . . .29.349
Highest   temperature 45.0
Lowest  temperature 88.0
Subscribe   for
Weekly Journal,
the   Prince   Rupert
$2.00 a year.
Department of Xnvnl Service of
Canada.
Tenders will be received al noon
ou Siiiurtlay, March 21st, 1914, for
the supply of Steaming Coal to vessels lying at Prince Rupert, B.C.
Forms of tender may be obtained
on application to the undersigned.
Tiie lowest or any tender nol
necessarily accepted.
(Sgd.)  GEO.  PHILLIPS,
Naval hlore Officer.
II M.C. Dockyard, Esquimau, B.C.
William T. House
ll. C. LAND SURVEYOR
21 r.
Second   Ave.
P. O. Box 518
Prince Rupert, II. C.
Phone   43
i g#^}^s^J^>^>l><H}<HS«>s^^^>{HS*H^^
TIM Iii
ALE  Mull.
Sealed tenders will be received by
the Minister of Lands nol Inter than
noon on tho 5th day of March, 1914
for the purchase of Licence X100,
being 1,146,000 feel of timber adjoining T.Dr-33914, on the Scoiia
River, Range 5, Coasl District. Three
years will be allowed for the removal
of the timber.
Particular of the Chief Fori ster,
Victoria,   B.C. f8
Corporation  of  the Cltj'   of   Prince
Rupert.
TENDER FOR STEEL PIPE.
Sealed tenders endorsed Tender
for Steel Pipe" will lie received by
the undersigned nol later than 12
noon of Saturday, 7th of March,
1914,.for the Bupply of approximately 10,000 feel ui 46-incb und 12,000
feet of 18-inch lapwelded steel pipe.
Specified form or tender, etc., may
be obtained al the office of City Engineer, Prince Rupert, B.C.
The council does not bind iiseif to
accept the lowesl  or any lender.
ERNEST A,  WOODS,
City Clerk.
City Hall, Prince Rupert, B.C,   2tfl l
LINDSAY'S CARTAGE & STORAGE
i'nder Mew Management.
Pioneer
Laundry
LIMITED
Successors to
Pioneer Steam Laundry
A FIRST-CLASS PLANT
Thoroughly experienced     and   com
petent  superintendonce,  prouii'i
service
HYGIENE   —Ql'ALl IV    —FIMHi
Solicits your patronage
Wagons  call  and   deliver  anywlieri
■ in city.
WRITE   OR   PHONE   lit..
HIED AVENUE, NUAIt  MellP.ll>]
Phon-3 150
THE INSURANT PEOPLE
Fire
Life
Marine
Accident
Piaie Glass
Employers' Liability
Contractors' H  Personal Honda
Pollc!es written  direct
The Mack Rr.ai'} & InsuranceCo
P.S.—Houses ami  Rentals
w
W.J. JEPHSON
BARRISTER AND SOLICITOR
Of British    Coluinbi:',    Alberta and
Saskatchewan
NOTARY PUBLIC
Phone 490       Room lil Post Office
Prince Rupert  and    Uazelton    B.C
TltV A    WANT AD.
wi>)WW-iwa-$w-ww3 oowkioooooouoo-o *rwa*3<w«wiKK>rKK>aiftij ri*
FUEL ■■
Agents tor
SOUTH   \VELL1>
G. T.  P.  CARTAGE AGENTS
331    SECOND   AVENUE
JINGLE POT COAL
is handled by  us. All orders receive
prompt attention   Phone No. 08.
For all kinds of
- good -
Insurance!
bscribe
L 'I «£"& JLsJ
PEE
GEO. LEEK
OIK Third Ave,
I'r 'nee
Wi-WrS'.-'W .-,••-    .:
Phone -on
Cu perl
The Coal that   mai
Columbia    u
Fifth St.,    near Tlii.il
rear  uf  liaii
SHINGLES,
Prince Rupert
First Ave. and McBride
Phone 23
(SO o<H*0-OB-Srt 0 iWH!Hiita&lHH»«<<aiKHW*H!ttH^
Const Land  District, Range
trict of Skeena.
TAKE NOTICE 11. it  I
Ington, of Pi irii e Ri
Master Mariner, Intend
i.grmlssion to 1. ise 11 e
scribed   laiid!     A    i int
mouth of the Skeoni   ;>.
'lave Plats, staked on  I'
and   containing   aboul
II.   ii.  BA
Dated  Feb ni ' ■   ' >.
o-froo a oo-oo a ao a o a no o o-oo«oo-oo^-ooo**h>ooo<io-o{io<hwhXi
The only morning paper
in Northern B.C.
OWO<H>0«0-0*OOW ttHKB^OOWO OCHWOOOttOOOOWOOO OOOO o
The Journal is noted for
giving the NEWS—Its
columns are exact.
Fair reports of all
gatherings and all news
subjects is its unalterable
rule.
00* OlWKKrtrCHKH>«H>l>.. OlWOO-00*<lWO-0«Htt«H>00000 OO O O 0 O D
■ ■ ....    Land    Disti    :
-1 i. .-ii  Charl
',Oiii;KHKKIO»OOa<KfOOO<10-OOOOOOOOODtiOr.K'OOv   ■■
f Royal Bank of Canada
HEAD OFFICE: MONTREAL BSTABLIBHHD  IRBI
Cn]iitiil     «ll..-ii 1,000
Reserved   Fund $12,0(10,000
Col  i   A. ins    8178,000,0110 ;ij
Br       ' 1'iartnient—Si Will Open an Accoum %
rouguout Caradi and  Banking  Ctnnectlena  wuh   <• ■ S
Parts of the United States (*„
kiiii 'lout the World /
W.  P.  WILSON,  Manner  ,>rlnce  Rupert BraiK.i jr
onvln-
aches "
Agei.
JHCHKHKt'WW"*
(JW^ntW^KHKWOO^HHHKHKHinOOtHJ OOOO 0-OOOO0-0# O (
+*** *■+++*******> ***
»
LUMBER
I Coal, Cement, Plaster and Brick
J AND A COttPLLTE LINE OF BUILDERS' SUPPLIES
I WESTHClFlE LUMBER CO., LTD.
» first Avenue       Prince Rupert       Telephone 186
»»«««»»«»»»** **++++++*++**+***+***+******++** ********
TAKE   tOTl   K
' ■ i- .   ' ■ •
':     id to lo
I
•     I   ■        CO.U    I       I
d
oasl of Graha     I
.    ri  :■  posl   plaulei
i   ■  coi is. r of C.l
- halns Boul h, th
l ii   e   80     i.  i
,i ■ oust in tli - pi ici
containing 6 0 ai ri is lo
Milled August 10,  19
MITCHELL
oc26 Filippo '
,\ 11   US
.y  IS,
-es,
\.
E21
■il Al.
■rt, B.
com-
-
■' the
■
ii
iorth-
.-,:  su
.
SO
ng,
ILBE1   I',
••inl.      int.
TltV A   WAN.
For n Licence to Take and Ise Wntei
NOTICE Is hej.-i.liy given that the
Paneroma Doh'Idi,merit Company
Limited, of Wi-nni; iltoba, will
apply for a llcenci   to take       i   ;
fifty thousand miners Inches of water  out  of  tl e  Na is H   er,
flows In a   so torly   d
throi Land   Dlstrli I   and
emi.tli     nto Portland  Inli:
The water «111 be d
head of tho Falls i
md will 1
i i        the U
lescrlbed o    Coal Llcei
S9i ' to D014, in. lualve,   and   -
neai bj  a| pllcnl Ions
Tho api llcatlon will bi filed In
the office of the water recorder at
Prince  Rupert,  British Columbia.
Objections may be tiled with the
said water recorder or wWh the
comptroller of water rights, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C,
Panorama Development Company
Ltd. (Applicant).
By George \V. Kerr (Agent).
woo-ooooooooooooo-;
Subscribe
the Daily
HjOOOOOOOOOOOOoriaoOOOi''
'OOO0OOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO
^w for either
the Weekly
tt-tt-iWlKHKKHKiOOC'^K I
STORES B
Nov
BANK (
Corner of Third  '
0lKKH>O<KH}0*O<H>0{H}l>0<B>O<H^^
LT TO SUIT YOU
APPLV TO M
.  block is to be creeled ou
JNTREAL PROPERTY
Hid fourth  Street. Those wanting lo rent
early and   be  provided  for.
...I/, WKSTIKILMi;   LITMBEI.   I'O.
Mm-nu    Land    D
C        ',!.'-.     I
TAKE NOTICE thai Leo    Waugh,|
of Pi ince Rupert,,   B.C ,   oci upatlon
Telegraph Operator, Intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:    Commencing at a post planted about In chains
westerly following shore line and 28
chains  south   from     a  creek     *-nii■•■
IIowb   into  Headman s   Inlet,   at  fl
south-easterly end thereof, Raid  pi
being about  20  chains south  of  *
north-west  turner of  application
purchase No.   32280,  being  ungs
ted  survey lot  2148;  thence    s
40  chains, thence cast     40    ci
thence north  40 chains, (lien.-
40   chains  to  this     pr,rt.     CO!
ttiO acres.
LEO WADG
Dated 1st September, 1913.
MilllT
HE  MATTE
'in,i tor th<       ii
til.     I"   of
i, Cos : I i
NOI 11
it is my .
plratlon ol
pi ' ii -    ,i
the ceriifli-iiu  of i
;    ationed  lands '
.inn Wallace
hich certlflcau
OF  i     ippllra
. duplicate c«?i
:  i  ! .:  29A,  Range
:uv GIVEN Ih il
Issue, al tin . ■
I. all , ihe first
a .iui Heat, tl
■lc in ie a nr-
he •     ol
aiij iteit,
..e     .      •  ted
19-
-, nun, ;;iiii numbered
0.
"II, r. yacLood ■
lit i 'i t llcgii  nn
.,ni Registry Otfloe, i'i me Rupert,
B.C.
lecei oer 22, 1^1.!. ja28f28
oottoo*Ot&ajo#<toorW>aava^^
TltV  A    WANT All.
-,.s"i i Position s stenographer.
Pour years experience. Box 4si;
i-'e.        B.C  Jessie 1   Dobson, Jail PRINCE  RUPERT JOURNAL
Sunday, March  1,  1914.
PLUMBING SHOULD     iNew Record For Sustained Aero Fight
BE SANITARY   /j
THE   NEED  OP  GENERAL    STAN- j
DARDS BEING ADOPTED IX
THE COUNTRY.
Question  Dealt With in Address ol
Organizer Before i hose
Interested.
In the Dominion of Canada we
have no recognized universal standards regarding sanitary plumbing
ami ventilation., but are governed
by a multiplicity of laws and bylaws,
adopted by.the governing bodies of
our cities and towns and enforced
according to their own interpretra-
tlon." With these words, »lr, John
VV. Bruce, general organizer of the
United Association of Plumbers and
Steaiulltters, prefaced an address al
the fifth annual meeting of the Coin-
mission of Conservation on the subject of Ihe present chaotic state of
sanitary law in Canada, and the need
for its unification.
In the course of his address, Mr.
Bruce emphasized the importance of
sanitary plumbing In its relation to
public health, lie compared Montreal, with a death rale or 20 per
thousand, with Toronto, which has
a death rate of 12.S, and attributed
the difference in large pari, to the
more lax enforcement of sanitary
regulations in the former. In many
enough conveniences, neither were
they kept properly clean. In apartment houses, conservation of space
was such an important item that
ventilation was sadly neglected. He
blamed speculative building for the
unsatisfactory conditions in many
private houses. The speculative
builder considered outside appearance more than proper sanitation,
workingmen's houses, as these men
were less able to protect themselves
against the negligence of unscrupulous builders.
A great need, very much overlooked in Canada, was public comfort stations. These should be erected not merely in parks and pleasure
resorts, but in the busiest portions
of our cities, where the need was
greatest. As it was, hotels and public
buildings had to bear a burden that
the cities themselves should shoulder,
with the result that the conveniences
in these places were sadly overtaxed.
Sanitary drinking fountains should
also be provided at public expense.
In conclusion, Mr, Bruce pointed
out that satisfactory conditions
would never obtain so iong as each
city or town had its own regulations. Plumbers travelling from one
plate to another had to familiarize
themselves with new laws, and
some!imes to pass new examinations
in every place. Moreover, dwellers
in rural districts, beyond the reach
of urban influence, were not protected by any legal standard. The solution, he believed, could only be
found in a Dominion law, setting up
a uniform standard from coasl lo
coast, leaving each municipality free
to supplement such standard by bylaws designed to secure adaptation
to special local conditions.
Bruno Langer, the German aviatcr, was given a most enthusiastic reception when he alighted from his leroplane after breaking the world's
record for sustained flight. Langer w.'.s in the air for fourteen hours and
five minutes. The best previous record for continuous aeroplane flight
was thirteen hours and twenty-two minutes.    Experts estimate that the
Atlantic Ocean could be crossed in fifteen  hours, just
longer than  Langer spent  In the air.
few    minutes
ways fought the battles for the hotel men.
Mr. Rowell stated there was no
justification fo- the letter which Mr.
Evanturel had written to the Hotel
Keepers' Association of Ontario. He
would have something to say on the
question later, and Mr. Evanturel
himself would, no doubt, supplement
the statement which he had made
regarding the alleged alliance between tbe license commission and
the Hotel Association of Prescott
County.
CHURCH OPENING
ANNIVERSARY
METHODISTS   WILL   TODAY    AND
ON MONDAY EVENING MARK
EVENT.
SENSATION IN THE
ONTARIO HOUSE
Peculiar Letter Written by Member
for Prescott to    Licensed and
Allied    Trades.
A sensation  has been sprung
in
Evanturel, M.P.P. for Prescott, and
son of the late Speaker, chalked that
an alliance existed between the license commission and the liquor
men In his county.
Mr. .1.   II.  Ferguson,  M.P.P.    for
Grenville, In rebutting the charges,
startled the House by reading a let-l
ter  addressed   by   Mr.   Evanturel   In
the Ontario Trades Association.
Mr, K vii n tn id's letter was to the I
effect thai he had always been a I
true friend of the association and,
prepared to vote against his leader,
Mr. x. W, Howell, upon the question of abolishing the bar. He stated
that lie was a poor man, living only
upon bis small sessional allowance,
ami expected the association would
see Its way to help Mm -along by
pa; Ing al leasi $10,000, payable
$3,000 down and the balance In
Instalments. For that sum he was
prepared lo be the defender of the
association and introduce In the
Legislature any amendments to the
Government measure to restrict the
liquor traffic. He added that be
would sign any agreement the boara
of association would require to light
for the liquor Irade in the Legislature. In conclusion, lie stated that his
late father, Hon. A. Evanturel, ox-
Speaker of the Legislature, had al-
Puri  Edward has fine
facilities.
waterfront
Special Services Will Be Held Today
Wi... Grand Concert  .Vondiiy
Xiglit.
Today the Methodists of '.he city
will mark the third anniversary of
the opening of the church building
by special services. In the morning
Kev. Mr. Dimmlck, the pastor, wlll
occupy the pulpit, while in the
evening Rev. G. H. Raley, of Port
Simpson, will conduct the service.
On .Monday evening lliere will be
a high-class concert given under the
auspices of the Ladies' Aid of the
Church. The programme will be as
follows:
PART  ONE.
"Comrade Song Of  Hope". . .Octette
Male voices
"I Dream't I Dwelt in Marble Halls"
    Solo
Mrs. Jarvis Mci.eod
"Lustspiel Overture". .. .Piano Duet
Misses Nelson and Pillsbury
"I'll Sing Thee Songs of Araby".Solo
Mr.  J.  E.   Davey
Scene from "  Merchant   of   Venice"
 "Portia" Mrs. J. C. Brady
"Choosing the Caskets"	
 "Bassauio" Mr. .1. C. Brady
"When Shadows Gather"...-.. .Solo
Mrs,   Win.   Millar
"The Tickling Trio"	
Messrs.  Clapperton, Evans,   Waddell
PART TWO.
"Tbe Little Church" Octette
.Male voices
"The   Four-leaf   Clover" Solo
Mr. C. A. ti. Armstrong
"The Highland Wreath". .Violin solo
Mrs. Win. Millar
"Klllarney"    .Male quartette
Messrs.   Clapperton,    Evans,    Davis
and   Waddell
Heading    "Selected"
Mr, .i. C. Brady
"The  Winter Lullaby" Solo
Mr.-, II. II. H. Hemmell
"The Prison Scene" from "II Trova-
tore"	
Soloists, Mrs. Jarvis Mcleod. Mr. I.
E. Davey; octette, Messrs. Armstrong, Evans, Waddell, Ling.
Molllor, Mortimer, Fisher, Darton
Presbyterian Services,
Rev. W. G, W. Fortune, B.A., B.D.,
of Victoria, will conduct Presbyterian
services In Ihe Church Hall on
Sunday morning at 11 o'clock, and
in the Empress Theatre at 7:30 in
tho evening. Evening subject, "Does
Ood Care?"
SUGAR CHIEF
FOOD IN SOUTH
ANTARCTIC   EXPLORER   PLACES
GREAT RELIANCE OX THAT
SUPPLY ON TRIP.
Winter In the Antarctic Tunis Faces
Gi-een It Is Reported by
Him.
Sir Ernest Shackleton has been
describing some of the physical
hardships which he and his conr-
rades will have to face on their
forthcoming expedition to the Antarctic. Dealing with the subject of
food for travellers in that region, he
emphasized the value of sugar, the
craving for which, he said, is most
acute. Sir Ernest. Shackleton added:
"To show you how valuable to
the explorer sugar is, there was an
occasion when we marched 321
miles, drawing laden sledges, in
14 1-2 days, Every two hours we
took two or three lumps of sugar
each. Within ten minutes of eating
this we could feel the heat going
through our bodies. The highest temperature of that march was 62 degrees below zero.
"Talking of temperature, it is a
remarkable fact that while high up
on the plateau our thermometers
would not register any body temperature except just after we had finished eating. Just after eating the
mercury rose to within a point or
two of normal.
"This curious circumstance lias
suggested a new arrangement of the
hours of inarch. Night and day in the
ordinary sense will not exist for us.
On the coming expedition a 19-hour
day is to be adhered to. On awakening one hour will be devoted to preparation; after this there will be a
four-hour march and a second hour's
rest. Sleep time, which formerly
lasted from 7 or S p.m. till 6 a.m.,
will be shortened to eight hours—
the period after which loss of heat
becomes more important than gain
in rest, We shall by this means save
thirty-live hours in a week, and do
ibout eight hours of marching a
day. The arrangement will be better
for both  men and dogs.
"We shall lake with us no stimulants except tea and cocoa. We drink
the tea at mid-day to refresh us for
afternoon march. The cocoa is taken
last thing at night to preserve body
beat during the hours of sleep. The
greatest temptation which assails
an Arctic explorer is the desire lo
drink on tlie march. At his feet lies
potential liquid in unlimited quantity. But the snow is at 40 degrees
'. elow zero and must be melted in
the mouth. The heat required to
melt It is much too precious to be
thrown away, representing as it does
strength and energy.
"II was extraordinary how we
used to crave for differen' kinds of
foods at different times. When eating meat exclusively we craved
starchy food. Seal blubber, which in
winter quarters would have made
us ill, was searched for eagerly on
the march. A man who found a
piece of blubber in these circumstances believed he had discovered a
prize. We liked thick, fat puddings.
Light  articles of diet, like    jellies,
How Charges Are Made  Under Parcel Post System *
For the convenience of readers who niay wish to inform themselves on the rates to be paid under the
new- Parcel Post System in force in Canada the rates of postage on parcels mailed in the Province of British
Columbia are given. They are as follows:
ADDRESSED TO
lib.
Any postoffice   within 20    miles    Including!
place of  mailing |   $0.05
I
Any  postoffice   beyond    twenty   miles    but|
within the Province of British Columbia.. |       .10
I
Any postoffice in Alberta |       .10
I
Any postoffice in Saskatchewan |      .12
I
Any  postoffice  in  Manitoba |       .12
I
Any postoffice In Ontario, Quebec   or Mari-|
time Provinces I       .12
2 lbs.
3 ibs.|4 lbs.|5 lbs.|6 lbs. 7 lbs.
III!
$0.06 $0.07|$0.08|$0.10|$0.12
I I I I
$0.14
,14|    ,18|    .22|     ,26|    ,30|     .34
I I I I I
.16      .221     .281     .341    .401     .46
8 lbs.
$0.16
9 lbs.! 10 lbsjll lbs.
$0.18|$0.20)   *0.22'
.20
.24
.24
.38)     .42j     .46|       .50
.521    .581    .641       .70
.28     .361    .441    .521    .601    .681    .761    .841
.3 41     .44)     .54
I
.36
.48|    .60
I
.92
.641    .74[    M\    ,94f 1,04'f    1.14
.721    .84!    .961  1.08]   1.201     1.32
The Maximum charge on any parcel shall not exceed 1 cent an ounce.
The 20-mile rate also obtains In cases where the 20-mile area extends into an adjacent Province.
During the organization iieriod covering the months of February, March and April, 1914, an additional
fee of FIVE CENTS to be prepaid by postage stamps will be charged on each parcel mailed for local delivery iu places where the letter carrier system Is In operation.
During the months of February, March and April, 1914, no packet will be accepted for transmission
by Parcel Post weighing more than six pounds.
An additional charge lo meet the extra cost of transportation will be made on parcels addressed to or
posted at offices In certain outlying districts when such parcels have to be conveyed more than 100 miles
by a continuous stage service, such districts to be designated by the Postmaster-General.
into   which   we   could   nol   get     our
teeth, were useless to us.
"One of the finest dishes we ever
tasted on returning to winter quarters consisted of the contents of ten
tins of sardines laid out on fat
bacou and covered with pastry. This
chef d'oeuvre concluded a twelve-
course meal. Never once did our
thoughts turn to alcohol.
Never Catch Cold.
"Catching cold is almost unknown
in the Antarctic. The only time we
ever suffered from a cold was just
after we had opened a bale of English clotbes to serve them out for
winter wear. The germs apparently
were lying dormant, having been inhibited by the cold. They woke up
on being heated. The men whose duties took them into the open recovered in a day. The others suffered
during four or five days.
"Polar explorers commonly get
bad colds on returning to civilization. The reason, in Sir Ernest's
opinion, is that the white blood
corpuscles "phagocytes"—whose duty
it is to kill hostile germs-—become
atrophied or "lose their skill" in
the pure Antarctic air. He added:
"There was an interesting Illustration of this when the Nlmrod anchored near an island to the south
of New Zealand. The men went
ashore and ran about naked on the
beach. When they came on board
they found themselves bitten all over
the body by sandflies. Their bodies
swelled up terribly. We reached New
Zealand three days later and then
were surprised to learn that while
all those who had not been bitten
contracted colds, those who had
been remained unaffected. Apparently  had  wakened   up.
"Absence of sunlight has a most
peculiar effect on the uuman complexion. When we emerged from four
months of night our faces were
green and yellow. The sun, however,
restored our normal color. Another
curious point noted was that all the
fifteen men of the shore party were
discovered to have blue-gray or blue
eyes.
"The Antarctic explorer is not so
favorably situated as the Arctic. In
summer 100 different kinds of flowering plants are to be found within-
500 miles of the North Pole. The
tracks of the Arctic hare are met
with 100 miles from the Pole. In
the case of the South Pole, on the
contrary, no flowering plants exist
within 1700 miles. Within 750 miles
ail animal and plant life Is non-existent."
 . o—	
SIR RICHARD
ON P.G.E. LINE
PREMIER SPEAKING IN LEGISLA.
TUBE POINTS TO GREAT
BENEFIT.
While   Linking   Alaska    Willi   South
Will Open up Hiitifdi Columbia
Also.
Victoria, Feb. 28.—"1 believe the
time has now come when the building of a railroad through the northern part of British Columbia to the
Yukon and Alaska should take place.
The authorities at Washington and
at Ottawa are both as one so far in
a hearty endeavor for some prompt
co-operation in the building ot this
line," said Premier McBride, at the
afternoon session of the House. He
discussed the possibility of the early
evolution of the same, which be is
known to have had closely at heart
for many months.
The Premier was speaking to the
second reading of the Pacific Great
Eastern bill and took he occasion
lo point out that the proposed    ex-
SALE OF   LOGS.
Applications for the purchase of
39,926 feet of logs lying in Kum-ea-
lon Inlet. Grenville Channel, at an
upset price of $5.00 per thousand,
over and above the cost of seizure
and scaling, will be received at the
District Forester's Office, Prince
Rupert.
Particulars of the District Forester, Prince Rupert, B.C. f24
TENDERS.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to
the undersigned at Ottawa, and endorsed "Tender for Marine Depot,
Songhees Reserve, Victoria, B.C.",
will be received until noon of the
Twelfth day of March, 1914, for the
construction of a ereosoted pile
wharf, with grading at new Marine
Depot, Songhees Reserve. Victoria,
British   Columbia.
Plans and specifications of proposed works and forms of contract
may be seen, and blank forms of
tender may be obtained at this Department, Ottawa; at the Agency of
this Department, Victoria, B.C., and
at the Post Offices of Vancouver and
New   Westminster.
Each tender to be made upon, the
form of tender supplied and must
be accompanied by an accepted
cheque on a chartered Canadian
Bank equal to ten per cent. (10 p.c.)
of the whole amount of the tender,
payable to the Deputy Minister of
Marine and Fisheries, which cheque
will be forfeited should the successful tenderer decline to enter Into
the contract prepared by the Department or fall to complete the
work. Cheques accompanying unsuccessful tenders will be returned.
This Department does not bind itself to accept the lowest or any tender.
Newspapers copying this advertisement without authority will not
be paid for same.
A. JOHNSTON,
Deputy Minister of Marine and Fisheries.
Department of Marine and    Fisheries. Ottawa, Caaada. 55e81fl2ml2
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 6.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Geoffrey
Francis .Monckton, intend to apply
for a licence to prospect for coal and
oil over certain lands: Commencing
at a post planted 40 chains west, and
160 chains south of the south-west
corner of my No. 1 Claim, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, comprising
640 acres. To be known as G. *'.
Monckton's No. 2 Claim.
Located  February  14th,  1914.
GEOFFREY FRANCIS MONCKTON,
f27 Per P. Chesley, Agent.
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 5.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Geoffrey
Francis Monckton, Intend to apply
for a licence to prospect for coal ana
oil over certain lands: Commencing
at a post planted 40 chains east and
80 chains north of the north-west
corner of my No. 1 Claim, thence
north 80 chains, thence easlr 80
chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains, comprising
640 acres, to be known as G. F.
Monckton's No.  3  Claim.
Located  February 14th,  1914.
GEOFFREY FRANCIS MONCKTON,
f27 Per P. Chesley, Agent,
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 5.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Hugh Maclean, intend to apply for a licence
to prospect for coal and oil over certain lands: Commencing at a post
planted about two hundred yards
north of the north-east corner of Lot
4369 marked H. Maclean, No. 1
Claim; thence SO chains south,
thence 80 chains east, thence 80
chains north, thence SO chains west,
comprising  640  acres.
Located February  14th,  1914.
HUGH MACLEAN,
f27 Per P. Chesley, Agent.
tension into the Peace River country would serve as an initial step
towards the construction of a north
and south railway. He said the Fort
lieorge line would go directly north
io Parsnip River beore branching
into the Peace River country, and
this section of the line might well
be used as the first step of an ex-
tenslon to Alaska.
"The building of this railway
would put Alaska on the map," said
the Premier. "British Columbians
occupy the unique position of being
located between the great unions of
this continent both to north and
south.' While the construction of
this arterial line opens up tremendous possibilities for our cousins beyond the boundary line, yet we must
not forget that it will develop the
enormous potential wealth of the
northern area of this province, and
do more than anything else that
could be done to cement the friendship and amity of the great nations
of this continent."
Port Edward'3 harbor is two miles
long with a turning basin of two
thousand feet across.
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 5.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Hugh Maclean, intend to apply for a licence
to prospect for coal and oil over certain lands: Commencing at a post
planted 40 chains east, and 160
chains north of the north-west corner
of Hugh Maclean's No. 1 Claim,
thence SO chains south, thence »u
chains east, thence 80 chains north,
thence 80 chains west, comprising
640 acres to be known as Hugh Maclean's No. 3  Claim.
Located February 14th, 1914.
HUGH MACLEAN,
f27 Per P. Chesley, Agent,
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 5.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Philip
Chesley, intend to apply for a licence
to prospect for coal and oil over certain lands: Commencing at a post
planted about two hundred yards
north of the north-east corner of
Lot 4369, marked P. Chesley, No.
1 Claim, thence 80 chains south,
thence 80 chains west, thence 80
chains north, thence 80 chains east,
comprising  640 acres.
Located February  14th,  1914.
f27 PHILIP CHESLEY, Locator.
Skeena Land District—Coast District
Range 5,
TAKE NOTICE that I. Philip
Chesley, intend to apply.for a licence
lo prospect for coal and oil over certain lands: Commencing at a post
planted 40 chains west, and 80
chains south of tne south-east corner
of my No. 1 Claim, thence 80 chains
south, thence SO chains west, thence
80 chains north, thence 80 chains
east, comprising 640 acres, to be
known as my No.  2 Claim.
Located  February  14th,  1914.
f27 PHILIP CHESLEY,  Locator.
Skeena Laud District—Coast District
Rauge 5.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Philip
Chesley, intend to apply for a licence
to prospect for coal and oil over certain lands: Commencing at a post
planted 40 chains east and 160
chains north of the north-east corner of my No. 1 Claim, thence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains west,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80
chains east, comprising 640 acrt»3.
to be known as Philip Chesley's
No. 3 Claim.
Located February 14th, 1914.
f27 PHILIP CHESLEY, Locator.
Subscribe for  the  Prince  Rupert
Weekly Journal, $2.00 a year.

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