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Prince Rupert Journal Sep 16, 1910

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Array H«w Welllut"
Coal
Is the best
ROGERS t BUCK
Sole Agents
ttxiu lelnpnt %(mtw\^
VOLUME  1
Published Twice a Week
PRINCE RUPERT, B.  C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1910.
Price, Five Cents
NO. 27.
LIQUOR LICENSES
HAVE BEEN GRANTED
Commissioners Pass Upon Three Hotels and Four Wholesale Places at Regular Meeting—Other applications Have all Been Laid Over for
Month's Time.
Prince Rupert Licensing Board has
passed upon its first licenses for the
city, and ln due course liquor will be
offered for sale In hotel bars. At its
sitting yesterday morning the Board
decided to grant hotel licenses to the
G. T. P. Inn, the Premier Hotel, and
the New Knox. All other applications
were either withdrawn or laid over
until the next sitting.
Four wholesalers have been assigned licenses. They are Sutherland &
Maynard, the Prince Rupert Wholesale Liquor Company, E. D. Clarke &
H. H. Clarke, and the Northern B. C.
Liquor company.
At the sitting of the Licensing
Board, which is composed of Mayor
Stork, chairman, Aid. Smith and J. E.
Merryfield, the question of the power
to refuse any wholesale license that
was applied for was raised by L. W.
Patmore, who gave as his opinion
that the Board could not refuse them.
Without fully settling the point
the Board proceeded to grant licenses
to four, laying the others over.
The question of a bottle license
will be looked into, and the point be
decided whether the granting of one
would reduce the number of hotel
licenses possibly before the next
meeting which will be held on October 15. On that date the applications
held over at this sitting may again
be brought forward.
The meeting of the Board opened
on Wednesday with all the members
present.
Licenses Considered
The secretary read the list of applicants showing that he had received twenty-two applications for
hotel II ii «es, fifteen for who'esaU
buslnes3 two for restaurant rri< '•
leges and six for bottle rights. T-e
clerk stilted that all iii>t been revived bj .'-.Im within thi proper time
set by law except that of the North
British Columbia company, which
was in his hands a day too late. In
view of the fact that application had
been made before, he had received It.
W. E. Flsher.'the solicitor for the
applicants, asked the date on which
the application was received.
The secretary said September 1.
Mr. Fisher pointed out that it wns
a matter for the Board    to    decide
whether  this was  too  late and  not
for the secretary.
Mr. Carss, representing Basson &
Burt, asked to have the application
abandoned.
Commissioner Smith moved that
the applications be taken up ln order
and discussed. This course was
agreed to and accordingly the applications for hotel licenses were considered.
Hotel Applications
The first on the list was the Premier Hotel. Mr. Carss appeared for
the applicants and stated that the
regulations respecting publication of
notices, etc., had been compiled with.
The chief of police's report was
also read in which he stated that the
premises were well worthy of license
ln his opinion.
Commissioner Smith proposed that
the premises be all Inspected by the
board, the building inspector, and
the chief of police In a body. He suggested that they should go through
the applications now and make sure
that they were all in order. The
board would require to have proof
of all the applications on all essential points.
All In On Time
The clerk said all the applications
had been received in due course within the time specified.
Mr. Carss testified ln the case of
the Premier Hotel to the publication
of the notice. A notice had also been
posted outside the hotel for some
days before September 1 to his own
knowledge.
The chief of police testified that
there had never been any convictions
against the house for violation of the
laws.
In connection with George A.
Sweet's application, Alex. ManBon appeared and stated that the applicant
was applying on behalf of thr G. T. P.
company.     The   advertisement   had
been properly made. Mr. Sweet had
posted the notice in tlnee places in
the building.
In the application of 0. Besner, Mr.
Patmore appeared for the applicant.
Mr. Besner appeared in person also
and testified that the notice had been
published from August 3. He had
posted notice on the building on August 5, and it had remained there
ever since. He had 37 bed rooms
ready for occupancy.
The chief of police testified that
there were no convictions against the
premises.
Dispute With Solicitor
In the application of Corley & Burgess for a license for the Royal, a
little dispute arose between Commissioner Merryfield and the solicitor,
Mr. Manson.
Mr. Manson, who appeared for the
applicants, stated that the necessary
advertisement had appeared and notice had been posted for about 29 or
32 days.
Commissioner Merryfield wanted to
know if there was any definite evidence as te the notice appearing on
the outside of the building.
Mr.' Manson did not think that the
»ct required the posting for the last
'ourteen days before this sitting.
Commissioner Merryfield thought
tney sho'ii.l have .'eflnlt. ei ideara „.s
to the nrtice being posted for t'.e
last fourteen days.
Comn::pfloner Smith also thouuit
the act clearly meant the fourteen
days Immediately before the sitting.
Mr. Manson pointed out that the
commissioners had ruled that the old
notices should be good for this sitting. These notices had been preparing since May. Any fourteen days
in that time should satisfy the law.
Commissioner Merryfield was not
satisfied however with the opinion as
given.
Mr. Manson   contended    that    the
statute could only mean what It said.
Wanted   More  Evidence
Commissioner Smith wanted to
know if Mr. Manson could give evidence that the notice had been up
for the past fourteen days. If he
could not do this the board would
take it under advisement.
Mr. Kearns, In Mr. Manson's office,
gave evidence that he had posted the
notice and that it had been up before
fourteen days ago.
Commissioner Merryfield took exception to what he saw in the evidence of Mr. Manson and Mr. Kearns.
He had understood that Mr. Manson
had posted the notice.
Mr. Manson said that he did not
(Continued on Page Five)
JUMPED OVERBOARD
Emigrant Being Departed From Canada Drowned From Steamer
(Special to The Journal)
Farther Point, Sept. 18.—James
Rae, an emigrant being deported on
the Empress of Ireland as insane,
eluded his guards yesterday, jumped
overboard and was drowned.
RESULT OF ELECTION
Nationalists  of   South    Africa  Have
Lead Among the Parties
(Special to The Journal)
Capetown, Sept. 16—Returns from
the elctlons in United South Africa
show the position of the parties are
as follows: Nationalists, 33; Unionists, 26; Independents, 6; Labor, 1.
General Botha, who contested the
seat of Sir P. FitzPatrlck, leading
Progressive, was defeated.
Dr. Jamieson was returned unopposed for Albany and was also elected for Capetown Harbor Division.
WHARF FOR CITY
Subject Introduced at Meeting of City
Council and Discussed.
Mayor  Stork   Thinks   in   Settlement
With G.T.P. Something Should
Be Done
SUICIDE OF WOMAN
Mrs. James of Victoria Took Poison
In Home of Employer
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Sept. 16.—Mrs. Elizabeth
James, who drank poison at the home
of  her employer,  died  yesterday  in
the hospital.
TIMBER ON  SKEENA
Sub-Contractor Restrained From Cutting
onTWvately Owned
Limits.
Supremo Court Judge Grants an Injunction Affecting Hnrdscrnbblc
Wooded Lands
(Special to The Journal)
Vancouver, Sept. 18.—Mr. Justice
Clement, of the Supreme Court
bench, has issued an injunction restraining A. Rankin, a sub-contractor
on the G. T. P. line, from further
trespassing upon timber limits near
Hardscrabble on the railway right-of-
way.
The limits belong to S. S. Rogers
and it Is alleged that without asking permission Contractor Rankin
cut timber to made the road and
to erect buildings.
At Wednesday evening's meeting
of the council the subject of a city
wharf was introduced. It came up in
connection with a statement of the
mayor as to the disposal of garbage.
His Worship said that Mr. Mehan,
of the G. T. P., had complained of
the dumping of garbage at the wharf.
There has been a strong stench at
times. He wished to have this
remedied by finding some other
dumping ground or some other way
of disposing of the garbage.
Aid. Barrow said this fouling of
the waterfront was not confined to
the G. T. P. wharf. It applied to all
pants of the shore.
Aid. Pattullo pointed out that the
city was In deplorable position In
having no waterfront and no place to
dump garbage. This matter should
be taken up at once.
Aid. Hilditch thought there should
be some provision for waterfront. He
felt that the government should
make provision for the city In this
respect.
Aid. Barrow wanted to know if
there was not a proposition before
the government from the city for a
waterfront site for an electric plant.
His Worship said this was still before the Government. He had long
been alive to the needs of the city
having a piece of waterfront.
Aid. Lynch pointed out that It was
a case not only of getting waterfront
but getting such waterfront as could
be got to.
Offers Temporary Site
Aid. Patmore said there was a
piece of waterfront near the boat-
house of Davis over which he had
control. That was not in use this year
The city could use it free if It
wanted it.
His Worship said that In these
times of discussion over-assessments
when the waterfront was held to be
of little value, it might be made a
part of the settlement that some
waterfront should be given the city.
The matter was then allowed to
drop, It being understood that the
Health Committee will take up the
garbage question.
A GOOD EXAMPLE
Carpenters'  Efforts Are Appreciated
by Messrs. Black and Bondeaux
On Wednesday evening, through
the generosity of Peter Black and Mr.
Bondeaux, a most enjoyable smoker
was given in the Carpenters' Hall to
the members of the Carpenters' union
and a few of their invited friends.
The entertainment was provided by
the gentlemen named as a mark of
appreciation for the expeditious and
satisfactory way in which the work
had been carried on on their buildings.
The proceedings were made merry
with a splendid programme of songs
and a few short speeches. Those
who gave speeches were Mr. Black
and Mr. Bondeaux, J. F. Macdonald,
Aid. Hilditch, Dr. Clayton, and S. D.
Macdonald, president of the Typographical Union.
The evening was   thoroughly    enjoyed by all and the two responsible
for   the   function   were   given   the
hearty thanks of all present.
 o	
CONFERENCE  FIXED
City Council Will Meet Committee of
Board  of  Trade
Tomorrow.
Amicable Settlement With G. T. P.,
Which May Mean Immediate
Work, May Follow
PLEASED WITH DISTHICT
I. It. Anderson Thinks Ritmangnr a
Good Agricultural District '''•
J. R. Anderson, formerly deputy
minister of agriculture in the provincial service, left for the south last
night after paying a visit to Kltman-
gar in connection with the model
farm scheme with which he Is connected.
He found conditions in the valley
excellent There was an absence of
all frost up to the time he left and
the conditions were on the wholo
such as to leave him well satisfied
with the outlook. The soil on the
bench lands will be easily worked and
should produce fine fruit without
irrigation.
Mrs.  J.  E.   Merryfield    and    her
young son are visiting in Vancouver.
It has been arranged that the committee of the Board of Trade meet
the city council at 3 o'clock tomorrow ln the council chamber to discuss the question of the G. T. P. assessment, looking Co a settlement of
the difficulty that has arisen.
The proposition of the Board of
Trade that Is to form a basis for
discussion with the council has already been made public. The proposed reduction ln the assessments
are hose passed upon at the meeting of the board on Monday night.
In addition to this the committee
will suggest a settlement with the
G. T. P. ln return for this assessment
being fixed for five years, that the
city be provided with a reservoir site,
parks, city hall site, and a cemetery
site. In addition to this the company,
It is proposed, should be requested
to begin within a reasonable time the
construction of the round houses, the
floating dock and other terminal facilities.
There Is every indication that on
this basis a satisfactory settlement
can. be reached as far as the council
is concerned and that following It
amicable negotiations will follow between the G. T. P. and the city.
WILL ORDER PLANT
FOR STREET LIGHTING
City Council Approves of Plan Suggested by the Light
and Telephone Committee and Will Take
Steps to Instal at Seal Cove—
Streets Lighted Soon.
The light and telephone committee
made a report last night to the council upon a plant which they thought
would best serve the purposes of the
city for the present. The report provides, as it was explained, for a small
plant immediately with which the
city streets could be lighted. This
would give time to more fully consider the best equipment for the
lighting of the houses. It would
make use of the boilers purchased
from the B. C. Tie & Timber company
and suggests entering into an arrangement by which the site now occupied by the boilers at Seal Cove
could be used.
The council will at once proceed
with the scheme.
The report was as follows: —
To the Mayor and Council:
Gentlemen:—Your committee on
light and telephones recommend:—
(1) That the stock In the Prince
Rupert Telephone company, as held
by various stockholders shown on the
attached list, representing in all a
total of $9,075, be redeemed by he
city.
(2) That the promissory note ln
favor of A. A. Mclntyre for $4,056.98
held by the Canadian Bank of Commerce, and falling due September 16
be paid.
(3) That a 100 kilowatt machine,
non-condensing engine and Bwltch
board be purchased at the price of
$3,500 as shown on list of electrical
apparatus available as per list shown
the committee by the city engineer.
( 4 ) That the city engineer take the
necessary steps to have the boilers
recently purchased from the representative of the B. C. Tie & Timber
company, tested and fitted up.
(5) That the necessary wires, etc.,
to be used in connection with the
proposed electric light plant, be purchased.
(6) That negotiations be opened
up with the G. T. P. Development
company with a view to securing a
lease of the site formerly occupied by
the B. C. Tie & Timber company's
mill  for our electric lighting plant.
Aid. Hildltch wanted to know
what the object was in buying a 100
k.w. machine.
His Worship said that the idea
was to instal this and then order another to follow It.
Aid. Smith, chairman of the committee, said that this was the only
machine now available easily. It
would take six weeks to get the other
one.
Aid. aPttullo explained that the
plant would light the city streets.
The question of providing for lighting the houses could then be taken
up and decided upon and added to
the equipment there.
It was decided that the part of
the report respecting the telephone
be referred to the finance committee.
The light and telephone committee
was also authorized to take up the
question of the site.
CONING TO COAST
EXPECTS  AC0UHTAL
Commission on Technical Education Will
Visit British Co-
Columbia.
WHITE FISHERMEN
The Members Are  to  Reach  Pacific
Province About December According to Plans
Dr. Crippen and His Attorney are Confident of   Winning
Case.
Men Drawn From Industry in Newfoundland Would Come to This
Coast
Good   Effects    Are    Showing   From
Crusade of Earl Grey and Sir
George Doughty
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Sept. 18.—Earl Grey's
proposals relative to the establishment of colonies of white fishermen
on the Pacific Coast of Canada, in
connection with which Sir George
Doughty recently paid a visit to this
coast, have received what might
he looked upon us definite encouragement from a communication of an interesting character, which has just
been received by the Vancouver Island Development League. Mr. Louis
.lr.Chollet, who for many years past
has been engaged In the fishery Industry off the banks of Newfoundland, writes asking what are the
prospects for white fishermen on this
coast. His headquarters are at Flat
Islands, and the fishing in that area
during the past season has been of a
most disappointing character, according to statements which he makes.
Fishermen there, he says, have in
many instances had to he satisfied
with yearly earnings of $100. Hundreds of them have not tasted meat
for months, having to subsist on the
cheapest kinds of foodstuffs. He Indicates that were the. opportunities
sufficiently attractive, numbers might
be induced to come to British Columbia, as under the conditions by which
they are now confronted they are unable to earn a living wage.
(Special to The Journal)
Toronto, Sept. 16.—The federal
commission on technical education
has finished its inquiries in the Maritime Provinces, where thirty-three
cities and towns were visited in as
many days. This was accomplished
by dividing into two sections, holding
evening sittings and travelling in the
night, the chairman, Prof. Robertson,
being a great man to drive work.
This week the commissioners, except Professor Robertson, are In Ontario. The chairman is In Newfoundland discussing with Lord Northi'liffe
some educational projects for that
colony. September and October will
be given to Ontario and Quebec, and
the commission should reach .Manitoba early In November, making its
way thence to the Canadian Pac.,<!
coast.
From this province the commissioners go to California, where a visit
will be paid to Leland Stanford University. The European tour will occupy a part of the winter, leaving
the Eastern Slates to lie visited and
further Inquiry to be made In the
larger Canadian Industrial centres,
towards the close of the Investigation. The secretary reports In an Interview that tbe commission has
found everywhere an awakening of
local Interest In Industrial and technical instruction.
 o	
HUNTING  ACCIDENT
Miss Leneve is Breaking Down  ruder the Strain—Hearing is
Resumed Today
Voting   Man   Shoots   His   Companion
While in Woods Near Victoria
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Sept. 16—Chester Young,
aged 18, of Heatings, near here, was
almost Instantly killed by a companion while hunting near Malahal
mountain. The shooting was purely
accidental.
 o	
Mrs. T. D. Pattullo and her daughter have gone south on a visit.
(Special to The Journal)
London, Sept. 11.—The hearing in
the Crippen case resumed today.
Attorney Newton, defending Crippen, declares the case for the Crown
has collapsed. He says the prosecution failed to establish a single fact
in connection with the murder and
that there is nothing but failure for
thep rosecutlon and freedom and
vindication for Dr. Crippen and .Miss
Leneve.
Crippen, too, Is confident of acquittal.
Miss Leneve Is breaking down under the strain of the ordeal.
 o	
The sum of $100 has been collected from local Citizens as a fund for
the local corps of the Boy Scouts. The
work of organizing will now be carried out as the sum named was all
that It was fell would be required to
ensure its success.
TOOK MANY WHALES
Company Operating on  West Coast of
Vancouver Island  Has
Big Year.
Announced That 750 Mammals Were
Taken by the Company During This Season
Victoria, Sept. 16—It Ib announced
thai 75 0 whales were taken by the
Pacific company's fleet operating
from Sechart and Kyoquot this season. In the past the company has
been very reticent about the number
of whales taken.
The prospect of a sale of the undertaking to the Mackenzie & Mann
Interests, however, has done away
with this reticence. The profits aro
acknowledged to be very great. THE   PRINCE  RUPERT  JOURNAL
Friday, September 16, iSlO*.
IN THE ARGENTINE
Remarkable Progress Made by Republic
in the  Last Few
Years.       *
London Times Gives Some Interesting
Figures Relative to the Development   of   State
The progress of the Argentine Republic is shown in the figures taken
from a recent census report. The
London Times says: —
Among the most difficult duties of
those of all the officials of Argentina
must be that of Mr. Alberto B. Martinez, the director of census, for so
rapid has been the growth of the
republic in recent years that more
than in other countries, his figures
have become out of date before the
full collection of details is possible.
However, a glance at the immediate
past is a sufficient guide as to the
progress in the present, and all who
are interested in the country will
find much of importance in Mr. Martinez's pamphlet of "Statistical and
geographical information about the
Republic and its resources as a country adapted in every way for European immigration."
This work, published in 1910, contains the latest reliable facts on almost every branch of the country's
trade. The Republic has an area
which is more than ten times that of
Great Britain, with a population a
little short of six millions, so that,
considering its vast natural resources, it is a magnificent field for emigration. F'acts show that this is
fully appreciated by the Latin races,
and it is worthy of comment that
Italy and Spain head the list in regard to the receipts and despatch of
mails, the United States being third,
and Great Britain  fourth.
The position is very largely altered when a reference is made to the
trade statistics, where it is shown
that the United Kingdom dominates
both the export and import trade. In
2908 the total of imports was $722,-
972,736 in gold and of exports,
$366,005,341 in gold. Of this Great
Britain absorbed a percentage per
mile of 342, Germany having only
139 per mile, and the United States
130 per mile of the imports, and
Great Britain 214 per mile, Belgium
98, Germany 95, France 79, arid the
United States 36 of the exports.
Apart from foodstuffs and textiles,
which rank somewhat high in the
list of imports, the majority of these
were of a character required for advancement of the country. Textiles
headed the 'ist, but the following
figures are more noteworthy:—
Gold.
Iron   and   other   metals
and metalwork $3S,S25,?59
Articles Tor agricultural. 15,839,838
Articles for locomotion . . 30,700,337
Articles for building. . . . 21,182,426
Articles for electricity.. 3,329,290
Articles   for   miscellaneous
industries      7,896,406
Stone,    clay,   glass    and
chlnaware   24,S99,197
Important as this evidence is as
to the progress which is being made
in the development of the country,
the value of the country to immigrants is traceable chiefly In that relationship of increase of exports over
imports which first occurred In 1891
and has been on a growting scale
since. The warm welcome accorded
to all immigrants and the care bestowed upon them is but an add!
tional proof of the forward policj
which pr-rnioates the government.
The excellent map which accompanies Mr. Martinez's pamphlet will
surprise ninny by the number of
large railways which it shows. On
January l of this year there were in
operation 25,608 kilometres per 10,-
000 of population, as compared with
37..in per 10,000 in the United States
of America, and is thus the highest
rate in the world. The comparison
would be of little value, however,
were It not for the whole policy in
regard to railway construction for
the enormous differences in population both as regards class and numbers stand in the way of any genuine
comparison.
As financial propositions, however,
the railways are of extreme Interest.
Much of the land traversed Is as yet
undeveloped, and for some years only
feeder lines would be essential to
cope with the extra produce following on a natural flow of immigration. The railways are highly productive, nevertheless, and the increase In ten years ended 1908 was
remarkable. In 1898 there were 15,-
451 miles in operation, carrying 16,-
478,085 passengers, and 9,429,141
tons of freight. The capital Invested
was $523,517,095 In gold, and the
net profits $14,138,388 in gold. In
1908  the mileage had  Increased to
24,144, the number of passengers to
47,150,384, the freight to 32,211,-
007 tons, the capital to $847,587,343
gold, and the net profits to $39,361,-
200 gold.
Since further progress must depend largely on an Increase of population, the figures given in regard to
wages are of more than passing interest. The paper dollar Is worth
about Is 8d, and wages rarely exceed
$5 a day,, being often much less. It
is more to agriculture than to manufactures that Argentina must look
for Increased trade, and here there
is room for almost unlimited expansion. On this head Mr. Martinez
says:—
"Admitting that this country has
the same average potentially for producing food and other resources for
sustaining human life, and that Its
soil possesses a similar wealth of ma-
poses to that of Germany—a very
terial adapted for Industrial pur-
flattering supposition—it follows
that In the Republic there is room
for a population of 250,000,000 more
or at any rate, 100,000,000 of souls,
besides those already in the country could live here more easily than
anywhere else in the world."
In confirmation of this statement
figures are given of the actual Increase of agricultural production
both in volume and in proportion to
area The total of farm produce in
1908 was $798,540,000, of which
wheat absorbed about half with
$354,000,000, maize $1,86,000,000,
grapes $72,000,000, flax $94,000,-
000, oats $35,000,000. Mr. Martinez has worked out an approximate
statement of the cost of cultivating
one hundred hectares of wheat, and
he estimates the first year's profit at
about $2,800 n-c, without any allowance for the raising of stock of any
kind. Such figures, however, are so
liable to fluctuation throughout natural causes that they must only be
taken as indicative of the possibilities, and no allowance has been made
for the cost of land, which varies
widely. The inclusion of such an estimate is, howeier, more than justified
in view of the record of progress
which has been made in the past decade.
his love of the sport. It Is worthy
of note In considering the future of
Uhlan that Mr. Billings does not campaign his valuable string for profit.
Therefore, If the great gelding possesses any greater possibilities for
time annihilation they will receive
every consideration unhampered by
contemplation of what the earning
capacity of the horse might be for
exhibition purposes.
WANTS ANOTHER FIGHT
SPORTS
CHAMPIONS MET
The eyes of many tennis enthusiasts in Victoria were opened when
they watched B. P. Schwengers, holder of the Pacific Northwest title, overcome Capt. Foulkes, Canada's champion, in three straight sets of what
was to have been a five set match recently on the Victoria club's courts,
Cadboro Bay road. The score was
6-2,  6-3, 6-1.
Ever since Mr. Schwengers has
been a prominent factor iii the sport
of the Northwest there have been
"Doubting Thomases" who have asserted that the sole explanation of
his success was the fact that he
never had anyone of account to oppose him. When J. Tyler, of Spokane,
was mentioned, it was pointed out
that they were about on a par because the American once defeated the
Victorian. With Capt. Foulkes, however, it is different. He comes
straight from Eastern Canada, after
having beaten the best of those parts.
Therefore yesterday's exhibition was
a contest between the peer of the
East against the star of the West.
The result was a signal triumph for
the latter, who without exaggeration,
gave the finest display of tennis that
has been witnessed at the hands of
any man In Victoria for years.
TWO MINUTE TROTTER
Batt'ing Nelson, in a letter written
from Yellowstone park, where he is
rusticating, says he wants to fight
Ad. Wolgast again for the lightweight championship. He is willing
to bet $10,000 even money that he
can beat Wolgast, and is willing to
let the winner take the entire purse.
Nelson writes that he is feeling full
of vitality as the result of his rest
and adds: "I will be the biggest surprise in the ring. I will be the one
man to come back If given the
chance."
There is one thing that can be said
about Nelson—If he is licked he will
go down like a fighting man, and
that's more than can be said about
some other distinguished scrappers
who failed to come back. Bat's
courage is still all there, even if he
has lost some other things that a
fighter needs. Wolgast might be able
to trim the Battler again, but if the
boys meet a lot of shrewd judges
will bet on Bat, for some way or
other the suspicion is gaining ground
that little Wolgast is not of real
championship stuff.-
THE CRAWL STROKE
The views of Norman Cox, one of
the best swimming coaches of the
school that has developed such men
as Kieran, Wickham, Lane, the
Healys and the Cavills, who is now
on a visit to the States, are of much
interst.
"Here in America," said Mr. Cox,
"you have created a nomenclature
for the different varieties of crawl,
irerspective of what was being done
abroad, and while 1 cannot but commend the idea of discriminiating between types—as It pleases you to a'l
the sereval phases of evolution—I
fear it is going to entail great confusion until the chaff has been separated from the grain. You speak, for
instance, of the Australian, American, Sullivan, Daniels, legless, and
other types of crawl, as distinct varieties. Were you to attend tomorrow a meet in Sydney or Melbourne
you would see everyone of the styles
used, though we class them all under
the one heading of crawl. You
would see lads who never heard of
Sullivan or his stroke doing the hundred in one minute flat with it,
straightaway; you would see men
who haven't an Idea how Daniels
swims, use the Identlca' methods he
does; you might see styles never attempted In the States, and all considered within the boundary of the
crawl."
"But don't you think that It is an
absolute necessity for the sake of the
public that the development of swimming to distinguish between varieties
that are as different from each other
as are the trudgeon and the crawl?"
"No," he said emphatically. "Not
yet. That should only come after the
lines have ben drawn absolutely and
the several types no longer merge Into each other."
"Still, your Australian stroke, the
origina', is certainly distinct enough
from the American."
"That's where you are wrong," he
said. "Cavlll has modified his stroke
to such an extent that would assure
me he now swam the American crawl.
They had all lengthened their arm
reach, as you will realize when I tell
you that Healy won the middle distance championship of 1909 with the
crawl. And let me set you straight
on another point, too. In which Americans are totally wrong. There is no
such thing among Australian swimmers as timing the right leg with the
right arm and vice versa. That's an
idea set forth by dry ground swimmers. That criss-cross timing is absurd. Each swimmer follows his natural trend and suits the rhythm to
his own peculiarities, inserting flutters and changes to suit himself. The
arms are now held nearly straight,
and the legs, if they act in unison
with the arms at all (which they
don't, for their work is concluded
in an instant), favor the arms of the
same side. When the leg drives it
beats very quickly, with a flip kind
of motion and immediately returns
to its normal position, and it beats
just as the hand of the same circle,
putting the finishing touch to the
arm drive. The normal position of
the 'eg is slightly bent, foot extended
to the utmost, and the height of the
foot in the water just such that the
heel Is about two Inches above the
surface, the tendon Achilles acting
as cut water, like the fin of a shark."
"Who do you consider the best exponent of the Ideal crawl?"
"Cecil Healy, unquestionably. He
is the most nearly perfect swimmer I
have ever seen.   His stroke never va
ries one iota. He never loses his
form. I have watched him cover 100
yards straightaway in 5 seconds, and
his movements were as cored in this
whirlwind wash as when he swims a
longer stretch easily. The 100-yard
time, incidentally, is official. It could
not be accepted as a record because
Healey once wore trunks."
"In conclusion you believe Americans are not to be credited with the
new strokes?"
"On the contrary I believe they are
deserving of the utmost praise for
the marvellous way in which they
have progressed, Just as they do In
everything. Only I wanted to make
clear that Australia has not stuck In
the rut of a ten-year-old crawl, as
most people ower here seem to believe."
"Then your objections are to our
calling 'Australian' an antiquated
form of crawl?"
"Exactly."
"Even though It is the original
stroke?"
"Of course, for it no longer represents the stroke used by Australians."
The
Washington Cafe
A PLACE TO EAT
Seats For Ladles
Everything Clean and Tasty
Prices Reasonable
W. F. CARPENTER, PROPRIETOR
Second Avenue, near Seventh Street
LAND PURCHASE  NOTICE
Coast Land District—District of
Skeena.
TAKE NOTICE that we, George
Hie and Robert Corlett, of Little Canyon, B.C., occupation farmer and
farmer, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted at the south-east portion of an island situated and lying
about two miles below Little Canyon,
near the south bank of the Skeena
river, Range V, Skeena Land District,
District of Coast, thence northerly,
thence easterly, thence southerly
around the shores of the Island back
to the point of beginning and inclosing 30 acres, more or less
GEORGE HIE,
ROBERT CORLETT.
Dated August 1, 1910. A19
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i i   THE JOURNAL
Is the Official Advertising
Medium for the City
of Prince Rupert
When I'hlan stepped a mile at
Cleveland without, a windshield in
1.68%, lie became In reality the two-
minute trotter which the harness
bore world has been anticipating for
tho last decade This performance
within a quarter of a second of the
work set by Lou Dillon with the
artificial aid, eclipses in quality her
mark of 1.58 V£, which has stood
since 1903. Critics who were present
at .North Randall say the handsome
black geldfhg has not yet reached
the limit of his speed and predict a
lowering in actual time of the record
of the trotting queen, and that without a windbreak. Uhlan's feat of
reeling off a mile to wagon in 2.01,
also without windshield, gives to Mr.
Bilings' trotter the two most coveted
honors of the trotting turf. That the
New York sportsman drove Uhlan
in the first of his record-breaking
performanes is an honor merited by
his devotion to the sport, which has
prompted him to spend the necessary
money to secure performers which
possessed the ability of Lou Dillon
and Uhlan. That Mr. Billings personally will take another tilt at
"time" behind the new champion Is
the  prediction   of  those  who  know
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FOLLOW THE TREND OF THE CITY'S   j
PROGRESS BY SUBSCRIBING        f
FOR THE PAPER {
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The Journal aims at keeping Prince Rupert %
and new B.C. ever before the public eye.   Send %
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it to your friends and any whom you wish to %
*
interest in the coming Metropolis of the North. |
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—THE—
v Oliver
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We announced this new sales plan
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The result has been such a deluge of applications for machines
that we are simply astounded.
The demand comes from people of
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The majority of inquiries has
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novelty of the proposition. An impressive demonstration of the immense popularity of the Oliver Typewriter.
A startling confirmation of our belief that the Era of Universal Typewriting is at hand.
A Quarter of a Million People are
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The Oliver Typewriter is a moneymaker, right from the word "go!" So
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Wherever you are, there's work to
be done and money to be made by
using the Oliver. The business world
is calling for Oliver operators. There
are not enough to supply the demand.
Their salaries are considerably above
those of many classes of workers.
"An Oliver Typewriter In
Every  Home I"
That is our battle cry today. We
have made the Oliver supreme ln
usefulness and absolutely Indispensable ln business. Now comes the
conquest of the home.
The simplicity and strength of the
Oliver fit it for family use. It Is becoming an Important factor In the
home training of young people. An
educator as well as a money maker.
Our new selling plan puts the
Oliver on the threshold of every
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the door of your home or office on
this remarkable Oliver opportunity?
Write for further details of our
easy offer and a free copy of the new
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General  Offices:   Oliver  Typewriter
Building, Chicago, 111.
CANCELLATION  OF  RESERVE
NOTICE Is hereby given that tho
reserve existing on Crown lands ln
the vicinity of Babiae Lake, and
situate In Cassiar District, notice of
which bearing date June 30th, 1909,
was published In the British Columbia Gazette, dated July 2nd, 1908, Is
cancelled.
ROBERT A. RENWICK,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C, June 16th, 1910
(First Insertion July 5.) —- Mc^nul
Friday, September 16, 1910.
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
RAISING OF SEALS
Proposition is Made to Rear Young in
Fresh Water for Commercial
Purposes.
S. Fish Commissioner Bowers Believes This is Practical Course
to Follow
United States Pish Commissioner
Bowers was unable to induce any of
the English fur seal experts to establish a plant In the United States for
curing, plucking and dyeing the
skins on his mission, but he returned
from Europe more enthusiastic than
ever over the future of the fur seal
Industry.
The government having abolished
the fur seal monopoly on the Priblof
Island's has that Industry now ln its
own hands. Mr. Bowers, though Intent on building It up as a revenue
lieves from what he has observed and
producer for the government, be-
learned that his ideas of getting private persons in various parts of the
country to engage in seal farming is
perfectly practicable.
"Our two seal pups from Behring
sea now in the fisheries building
here," said he In Washington, "have
proved that infant seals can be raised
and kept healthy in a habitat far distant from their native rookeries. Any
animal that can thrive in the Potomac river can thrive, I believe, even
in Kentucky whiskey But we have
no Intention of trying, the latter experiment.
"The twenty pups we have ordered from the Phibiloffs will arrive in
Seattle about the middle of September on a revenue cutter. I have ordered one of our fisheries cars to
Seattle to meet them. The pups will
be brought east and distributed
among the aquaria in the large cities
and elsewhere to demonstrate that
fur seal can thrive in fresh water.
I have no doubt that acquarla in
New York, Boston and other places
will be glad to get a pair each.
"I think it is safe to say that seal
wil lthrlve In any body of fresh water
that does not freeze completely over
in winter. The only difficulty will
be in confining them, but the expense
of building a seal-tight fence would
be amply repaid by the profits. A
farmed receives perhaps $5 for a
lamb, while the value of the fur seal
pelt is about $40 in the raw state,
and it should not cost much more
to raise a seal than a sheep after the
industry Is started."
Commissioner Bowers has not
completed details of the manner In
which the 10,000 or 12,000 skins
taken by the government in the
Pribiloffs this season will be sold.
This will be announced after he consults with Secretary Nagle at Seattle
on the secretary's arrival there about
next Monday. The skins may be sold
In San Francisco, but more probably
they will be sent to the larger market in London, where they have to
go eventually for treatment.
The commissioner regards the attacks made by W. T. Hornaday of
New York, and the Camp Fire Club
of America, on the department killing so many seal this year as absurd.
He points out that no females are being killed and that the killing of surplus males is but following the practice of stock breeders, who retain hut
the selected males in their herds.
"If," said he, "the surplus males
are not killed by the government they
will kill one another or he captured
by the pelagic sealers. If conserva
tion is the object of Hornaday and
his friends, they should seek to put
the pelagic sealers out of business. It
the surplus bulls are not killed when
young their pelts become valueless
except for crude purposes."
prison population. . The remissions
granted on this occasion affected
11,000 prisoners, and at a stroke
struck 500 years from imprisonment
and penal servitude among the pris
on population. (Hear, hear.) I am
glad to be able to tell the house that
no evil results of any kind have
followed from this. It is not at all
true to say that a number of the men
released have already returned to
gaol. I am grateful to the House for
listening to me. We must not allow optimism, hope or benevolence
in these matters to carry us too far.
(Hear, hear.) We must not forget
that when every material Improvement has been effected in prisons,
when the temperature has been rightly adjusted, when the proper food to
maintain health and strength has
been given, when the doctors, chaplains and prison visitors have come
and gone, we must never forget that
the convict stands deprived of everything a free man calls life. (Hear,
hear.) We must not forget all these
Improvements, which are sometimes
salves to our consciences, do not
change that position. The mood and
temper of the public in regard to
the treatment of crime and criminals
is one of the most unfailing tests of
the civilization of any country. A
calm, dispassionate recognition of
the rights of the accused against the
stave; a consta it heart-searching oy
all charged with the duty of punishment, a desire and eagerness to rehabilitate in the world of Industry all
those who have paid their dues in
the hard coinage of punishment, tireless efforts towards the discovery of
curative and regenerative processes,
unfaltering faith that there is a
treasure if you can only find it in the
heart of every man—these are the
symbols which in the treatment of
crime and criminals mark and measure the stored up strength of a nation and are the sign and proof of
the living   virtue   In it."   (Cheers.)
Small holders in Egypt receive advances from the Agricultural Bank
at nine per cent interest, which the
government collects on the bank's
behalf through its tax-gatherers.
Skeena Land District—District of
f*8.R.fil9.I*
TAKE NOTICE that Reginald
Davey, ot Vancouver, B. C, occupation machinist, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands, in the vicinity of
Utwancool or Chean Weln Valley:
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-west corner and about 6>4
miles distant in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence north 40 chains,
chains, thence west 40 chains to a
point of commencement, and containing 480 acres (more or less).
REGINALD   DAVEY.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  May  30,  1910. Jy8
Coast Land District—District of
Skeena.
TAKE NOTICE that Elijah
Rounds, of Victoria, B.C., occupation
Stewart, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted one-half mile north,
and one-half mile east, of Nettie A.
Lairds N. E. corner of application to
purchase, and 300 feet east of Ana
ham Lake trail, marked E. R.'s
south-west corner, thence 40 chains
east, thence 40 chains north, thence
40 chains west, thence 40 chains
south to point of commencement,
and containing 160 acres, more or
less. ELIJAH   ROUNDS.
Vincent  M.  Schibner, Agent.
Dated May 25, 1910. jn2i
LAND   Pl'RCHASE   NOTICE
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that John Cherry,
of Victoria, B. C, occupation mattress maker, intends to apply for permission to purchase tne following described lands In the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner and about 14 miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence west 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, an,d containing 640 acres, more or less.
JOHN CHERRY.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 3, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Brenton
Brown, of Vancouver, B.C., occupation insurance agent, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands In the vl-
vinity of the Kitwancool or Chean
Weln Valley:—Commencing at a
post planted at the north-east corner and about ten miles distant in
a north-westerly direction from the
north end of Kltwancool Lake,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
BRENTON BROWN.
JameB W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 1, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Jessie Stead-
man, of Victoria, B. C, occupation
married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following described lands, in the vicinity of
Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner and about 6%
miles distant ln a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south 80
halns; thence west 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. JESSIE STEADMAN.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  May 31,  1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Bruce Older-
shaw, of Victoria, B. C, occupation
jeweller, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of the
Citwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing  at  a  post   planted   at
he north-west corner and about 7 %
miles distant in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kltwancool Lake; thence south 80
chains, thence east 40 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 40
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 320 acres, more or
less. BRUCE OLDERSHAW.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  May 31, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Echo Dudgeon, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
assistant dentist, Intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of the
Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner and about 7 %
miles distant in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kltwancool Lake, thence south 80
chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing. 640
acres, more or less.
ECHO DUDGEON,
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated May 31, 1910. Jy8
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE .NOTICE that Sarah Ward,
of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kltwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and about 22 milec distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, tlience east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640  acres, more or ;ess.
SARAH WARD.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 6th, 1910 ,Iy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that George Mc-
Bain, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
merchant, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kltwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. W. corner and about 26% miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end ot Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
GEORGE McBAIN.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 8th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
C* e\ *k RIA T*
TAKE NOTICE that Catherine
Welsh, of Vancouver B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands in the vl-
vinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein
Valley:—Commencing at a post
planted at the S. E. corner and about
17 % miles distant in a north-weiit-
erly direction from the north end of
Kitwancool Lake, thence north 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. CATHERINE  WELSH.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4, 1910. Jy8
LAND PURCHASE .NOTICES
LAM) PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Frederick
Tutt, of Selkirk, Manitoba, occupation merchant, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley: —
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. W. corner about 14% miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 40 chains, thence
east 4 0 chains, thence south 4 0
chains, thence west 40 chains to
point of commencement, and containing 160 acres, more or less.
FREDERICK   TUTT.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 3, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Henry Van
Wyck, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation hotel keeper, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein
Valley:—Commencing at a post
planted at the north-east corner and
about 20 miles distant in a northwesterly direction from the north end
of Kltwancool Lake, thence south 80
chains, tlience west 80-chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. HENRY VAN WYCK.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  June   6th,   1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Minnie Clarke
of Vancouver, B. C., occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and about 28% miles
distant and in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south 40 chains
thence east 80 chains, thence north
40 chains, thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement and containing 320 acres, more or less.
MINNIE  CLARKE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  June   8th,  1910. Jy8
PHONE 138
FOR
LETTER HEADS ENVELOPES
BUSINESS CARDS
VISITING CARDS       STATEMENTS
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Leihi Cherry,
of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planned at tne
S. E. corner and about 21 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 64 0 acres, more or less.
LEIHI   CHERRY.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 6th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
C\ a. ^ fi f n. t*
TAKE NOTICE that John Grieve,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
agent, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wien Valley: —
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and about 20 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west SO chains, thence soutii 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to
point of comemncement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
JOHN GRIEVE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 6th, 1910. Jy8
Prince Rupert Journal
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE mat Alfred E.
Parkington, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation broker, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands In the vicinity of
Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and about 15% miles
distant In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, tlience
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commenctment, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
ALFRED E. PARKINGTON.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 3, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that George Williams, of Winnipeg, man., occupation
clerk, intends to apply for permission
to purchase the following described
lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool
or Chean Wein Valley:—Commencing at a post planted at the S. W.
corner and about 16% miles distant
in a north-westerly direction from
the north end of Kitwancool Lake,
thence north 40 chains, thence
east 40 chains, thence south 4f>
chains, thence west 40 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 160 acres, more or less.
GEORGE WILLIAMS.
James W.  Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4, 1910. Jy8.
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
PRISON REFORM IN BRITAIN
Mr
Winston Churchill Discusses New
Act  in British Parliament
Following is the concluding portion of the speech of Mr. Winston
Churchill on his prison reform act:
"I am very much obliged to the
house for listening to me giving details in relation to a mournful,
melancholy subject. When his majesty came to the throne one of the
first wishes he was pleased to express was that at a time when all
hearts were stined and when every
one felt anxious to lay aside old
controversies the prison population
should not stand outside the movement in the national mind. The precedents of releasing prisoners from
gaol are adverse to any action. On
all previous occasions the proposal
has always been to release a certain
number of prisoners. I think we
have found a much better way, that
Is, not to release Individuals, but to
make a general pro rata reduction of
sentences   over   the   whole   area   of
Skeena Land District—District of
Ca*ssiar.
TAKE NOTICE that William
Hume Grant, of Stewart, B.C., occupation engineer, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post marked W.II.G.'s S.W. Cor., and
planted adjoining Alfred Manson's
corner post, thence 80 chains north,
along W. N. Harrison's west line,
thense east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, tlience west 80 chains, following Alfred Manson's north line to
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
WILLIAM HUME GRANT.
Frank R.  Strolm, Agent.
Dated July 2, 1910. Jy22
Skeena Land District—District of
Oiissitir
TAKE NOTICE that William
Simpson, of Lindsay, Ont., occupation hotel-keeper, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the'following described lands ln the vicinity of the Kitwancool or Chean Weln
Valley:—Commencing at a post
planted at the south-east corner and
about 7 % miles distant ln a north
westerly direction from the north
end of Kitwancool Lake, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
WILLIAM SIMPSON.
James to. Smith, Agent.
Dated  May 31,  1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Edward Cas-
pell, of Cayley, Alberta, occupation
merchant, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of the
Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and distant about 15%
miles in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
EDWARD CASPELL.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 3, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that The Canadian'
Fish and Cold Storage Company, of
Vancouver, B. C, occupation mercantile and manufacturing, Intends
to apply for permission to purchase
the following described lands:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner of lot 34, Range 5,
Coast District, thence south 20
chains, thence east 40 chains, thence
north 25 chains more or less to the
shore line, thence following along
the shore line to the point of commencement and containing 90 acres,
more or less.
The  Canadian  Fish  &  Cold
Storage Company Limited.
J. H. Pillsbury, Agent.
Dated July 14, 1910. Jyl9
Skeena Land District—District of
PflRfliflr
TAKE NOTICE that George Tutt,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation den-
ist, intends to apply for permission
o purchase the following described
ands In the vicinity of the Kltwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner and about 8%
miles distant in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south 40
chains, thence west 40 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence east 40
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. GEORGE TUTT.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 1,  1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Charles Gei-
ger, of Victoria, B. C, occupation
clerk, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands ln the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Comemncing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and about 19 miles distant In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
CHARLES GIEGER.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4th, 1910. Jy8
-District of
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Thomas Sills,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation machinist, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands In the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and about 26% miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence west 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
THOMAS  SILLS.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 8th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District
Cassiar.
TAKE   NOTICE   that   Sarah   Cox,
of Monarch, Alberta, occupation marled woman, intends to apply for permission  to purchase   the    following
described lands in the Kltwancool or
Chean Wien Valley:—Commencing at
a post planted at the N. W
Skeena Land DItcrict—District of
Ofl.RRi AF
TAKE NOTICE that William Wallace, of Toronto, Ont., occupation
Insurance agent. Intends to apply for
permission to purchase tht following
dlscrlbed lands In the vie: iky of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley: —
Comencing at a post planted at the
N. E. corner and about 26% miles
distant in a north-westerly dirocr on
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, containing
640 acres, more or less.
WILLIAM  WALLACE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated   June  Sth,  1910. JyS
Skeena Land District—District ot
TAKE NOTICE that John Reid,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
broker, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. W. corner and about 15% miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 40 chains, thence
east 40 chains, thence south 40
chains, thence west 40 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 160 acres, more or less.
JOHN  REID.
James W. Smith, Agent.
-  Dated June 3,  1910. Jy8
-District of
Skeena Land District
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Samuel John
McDiarmid, of Monarch, Alberta, occupation farmer, Intends to apply for
permission  to  purchase the  foiiow-
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Grace Cess-
ford, of Victoria, B. C, occupation
married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of
Kitwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. E. corner and about 23 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence soutii 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence eaBt 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 64 0 acres, more or less.
GRACE CESSFORD.
James to. Smith, Agent
Dated June 8th, 1910. JyS
and about  4%   miles distant   In    a,        , ,
north-westerly   direction    from    the nor 1"wes erly, d1'.0. .'0n\   ' °
north end of Kltwancool Lake, thence "orth  emI    of    Kltwancool     Lake
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Lome Thompson, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
dentist, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of the
Kitwancool   or  Chean   Wein   Valley
Coast Land District-
Skeena.
TAKE NOTICE that I, George A.
Poole, of Prince Rupert, occupation
printer, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
Commencing at a post planted at the ipost planted on the north-east shore
south-west corner and about 8% ;line of Smith Island, distant about
miles distant In a north-westerly dl- 'one mile south-east from Lot 38, and
rection from the north end of Kit- | marked "G. A. P.'s North-west Cor-
wancool   Lake,     thence     north     80 ;ner   Post,"  thence   20  chains  south,
south 80 chains, thence eaBt 80
chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
SARAH COX.
James W. Smith, Agent
Dated May 31st, 1910.
-District of
Skeena Land  District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Henry Hemming, of Victoria, B. C, occupation
hotel keeper, Intends to apply for
permission to purchase tin following
described lands In the vicinity of Kltwancool   or   Chenn   Weln   Valley: —
!•  described limintn ii,,.  hive   Commencing at a post planted at the
g  described   lands  in_ the   Mtwan-  x   ,..   C()rner am) |l|i(i(||  2]  m,le| d|a_
tant, In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, tlience soutii 80 chains, thence
west SO chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
polnl of commencement, nnd containing 640 acres, more or less.
HENRY   HEMMING.
ool  or  Chean   Weln  Valley:-   Com
corner I menc'ng at a 1,ost Planted at the N.
E. corner and about 4^   miles In a
thence south SO chains, tlience west
8 0 chains, thence north so chains,
thence east SO chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
SAMUEL JOHN McDIARMID.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated May 31st, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
James to. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 6th, 1910. Jy8
chains, thence east 40 chains, thence  thence  SO  chains east, tlience north least     80     chains,     thence  north   80
south   80   chains,   thence    west    40  to shore line, thence following shore
chains   to   point   of   commencement, I une to point of commencement, con-
and  containing   320   acres,   more  or  taining 160 acres, more or less,
less. LORNE THOMPSON. GEORGE  ARTHUR  POOLE.
James W. Smith, Agent. |     Dated Satirday, July 2, 1910.
Dated June 1, 1910. Jy8 ' (First  Insertion July  5.)
Skeena Lund District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Nelson
(iowen, of Victoria, B. C, occupa-
TAKE NOTICE that Annie Gowan, Hon mining engineer, Intends to ap-
of Victoria, B. C„ occupation mar--|ily for permission to purchase the
ned woman, intends to apply for per- following described lands in the vl-
mission to purchase the following clnlty of Kitwancool or Chenn Weln
described lands in the vicinity of Kit-1 Valley:— Commencing at a post
wancool   or   Chean   Weln   Valley:— j planted at the N. E. corner and about
19 miles distant ln the north-west-
oily direction from the north end of
Kitwancool Lake thenee south 80
chains, thence west 40 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence west 40
'bains, thence north 40 chains,
tlience eaBt 80 chains to point of
commencement, nnd containing 480
acres, more or less.
NELSON   GOWEN.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4th, 1910. Jyg
Commencng at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and about 23 miles distant ln a north-westerly direction
from the norlh end of Kltwancool
Lake; tlience south SO chains, thence
chains, thence west SO chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
ANNIE  GOWAN.
James to. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 7th, 1910. Jy8 PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Friday, September 16, 1910.
prince iSupert journal
Telephone  138
Published twice a week on Tuesdays
and Fridays from the office of publication, Third Avenue near McBride St.
Suliscription rate to any point in
Canada, $2.00 a year; to points outside
of Canada, 8,'1.00'a year.
Advertising-'rate furnished on application.
O. H. NELSON,
Editor.
Friday, September 16, 1910.
ELECTRIC LIGHTING
After vexatious delays, many of
them due to circumstances over
which the council could have no control, It looks now as If a street lighting plant would be installed at a
very early date. The equipment proposed ln the report of the electric
light committee which reported last
night to the council is all within easy
reach on the coast and it is anticipated it can be put in without loss of
time.
With the ideal weather conditions
now prevailing the council should
hurry the work forward as quickly as>
possible as it can now be done cheaper and quicker than under other conditions.
 , o	
OPEN FOR TRADE
The opening of the G. T. P. line out
of Prince Rupert for general trade
on Wednesday was an Important
stage in the city's development. Within a few weeks time there will be well
on for 100 miles of track laid out
of the city. This in itself is considerable mileage. Victoria, the capital of
the province has had less than that
length of line running out of the city.
The E. & N. is only about 87 miles
in length to Wellington, and that
has been the sole mileage that has
been operated out of the city.
With the rate of development that
is sure to follow construction along
the G. T. P., that distance of rail in
operation should have considerable
effect upon the commercial situation
here.
THIRD AVENUE GRADE
Property Owners Will be Asked to Decide Whether Change is to
Be Hade.
Various     Other    Matters    Affecting
Streets Brought Up Before
Council
GOOD SETTLERS
Earl Grey's good work on behalf of
this country is bearing fruit. His
advocacy of British fishermen coming
out to the Pacific coast to engage in
the industry here has induced not
only investigations on behalf of those
from the British Isles, but has led
to the Newfoundland fishermen turning their attention to the Pacific as
well. Certainly Prince Rupert could
ask no better class of seafaring men
than the hardy fisher folk of the Atlantic coast, whether of Newfoundland or the provinces of the Dominion
of Canada. They are accustomed to
conditions as they exist on this side
of the Atlantic which is a very considerable advantage. If Earl Grey's
scheme carries out there would be a
strong admixture of the fishing people of the British Isles joined with
these, making an ideal class of settlers.
The Oriental question in this way
can be effectively settled insofar as
that industry is concerned. It was
noteworthy that Sir George Doughty,
who came west al the instance of
Earl Grey, sounded a note against
the passing of the fishing industry
into the hands of the Orientals. The
"pumping in" as Kipling described it,
of the people of our own race is
the one way of counteracting the
Chinese and Japanese Invasion.
It looks very much as though
Northern Britisli Columbia with
Prince Ruperl us it headquarters, Is
to in- relieved of many of the disadvantages which the southern part of
the province suffers from in the matter of Orientals.
A distinct forward movement hns
been taken al Kidderminster in the
establishment of a beet sugar fac-
tory. The experimental stage bus
been passed, nnd it is now clellniiely
stated thai a factory capable of dealing with 30,000 tons of licet in the
season will at once be erected. The
capital to lie raised is no,000, of
which £40,000 will be needed for the
machinery, which will include a drying installation; the building will
cost £15,000, and the remainder of
the capital will be needd to work the
concern. The founders' company has
been fully established, and many agriculturists In Worcestershire have
entered into contracts to grow the
beet. Kidderminster will thus take
the lead in England in establishing
a fully equipped beet sugar factory.
It is officially declared that the English climate will produce more beet
per acre than In any part of Germany, and the yield of sugar is also
much greater from the roots.
At Wednesday evening's council
meeting the question of the Third avenue grade came up for some discussion, and was finally referred back to
tho property owners to decide on
whether they wanted a change.
The streets committee recommended, In view of the city engineer's report relative to changing the grade
on Third avenue that there should
be no change as the alterations would
be very slight. It further recommended the proposed change of grade on
Fraser street and Fifth avenue provided the property owners waved all
claim to compensation.
Aid. Lynch explained that as two
and one-half feet was about all the
change that would be made on Third
avenue, it was deemed unwise to
Interfere with it.
Aid. Pattullo wanted to know If It
would make a change of one per cent.
If it did he would approve of having
the property owners pass upon it.
Aid. Lynch said he did not feel
like doing anything unless all the
property owners were agreeable to
waive all claim.
Change of Grade
Aid. Pattullo on the profile being
produced, pointed out that there was
a change from 7.5 per cent on Third
avenue between Second and Third
streets to a six per cent grade. This
was quite a radical difference. If he
were a property owner there he
would be strongly in favor of the
change even if it delayed matters a
little.
Aid. Lynch saw little objection to
raising a grade in front of places,
but there might be an objection to
lowering by property owners.
City Engineer's Opinion
Aid. Mclntyre felt that the city
engineer's opinion should be followed
quite freely.
The city engineer being asked to
give his opinion, said that there was
too great a quantity to be taken out
to be taken care of by the fills that
were to be made. A raising of the
grade on Third avenue near Eighth
street would assist a good deal.
Aid. Hilditch agreed with Aid.
Pattullo, Aid. Lynch and Aid. Mclntyre, that this should be referred
back to the property owners to decide.
The matter referring to Third avenue was referred back to the petitioners, while the latter part of the
report was adopted.
Sixth Avenue Grade
The report of the streets commit
tee was received, recommending the
grading of Sixth avenue from Fulton
street to Summit avenue, and the
planking of Eighth avenue from McBride to Hays Cove avenue.
Aid. Pattullo wanted to know the
approximate cost of these works.
Aid. Lynch said the first was estimated to cost $21,110, while the second work would cost $6,721.
Aid. Pattullo thought this seemed
a large expenditure in the case of
Sixth avenue. He felt that the matter
should be referred back to them.
Under the local Improvement system
this was a heavy expense on these
property owners.
Aid. Hilditch said there were only
fifty owners. This would cost about
$500 each, or with Interest from
$700 to $800 each.
Aid. Lynch believed perhaps the
petitioners might not be so anxious
to go on with the work If they realized what it would cost.
Borrowing Power
Aid. Mobley pointed out that there
were other parts of the city that required the work worse, lie did not
believe In depriving these people of
the works if they were prepared to
pay for it. It must be taken into
account that the borrowing power of
the city was impaired to the amount
of this expenditure if it were carried
out.
It was decided to refer the petition
back to the residents for their decision.
Residents of section seven petitioned for a plank roadway from Eighth
avenue at Kelliher street around
Seal Cove avenue to Sixth avenue.
This was referred to the streets
committee.
 o	
Mr. Robert Kerr, passenger traffic
manager of the Canadian Pacific railway and steamship lines, having attained the age when he deems It wise
to give up the active duties of his
position,  has  asked  to  be  released
HOMER "PRINCE GEORGE"
In the pigeon lofts of the Wallsend
Shipyard, Newcastle-on-Tyne, where
the steamships "Prince Rupert" and
"Prince George" of the Grand Trunk
Pacific steamship fleet were built,
the    young   homer "Prince George"
less record of the ship's performance.
When the sheamshlp "Prince George"
started on her trial trip, this young
blue cock was caged aboard until
required. He was liberated with a
message attached, off the coast of
Dover, distance 300 miles, and 100
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mal'es his home, and none of the
celebrated birds of these lofts have a
better record, or are more highly
prized than he.
It has been customary to liberate
a bird from the deck of each of the
splendid ships built by the Swan,
Hunter & Wlgham Richardson Company, Ltd., Including the "Maure-
tania' of the Cunard line, to carry a
message home confirming the wire-
miles east of line of flight—tossed
11.30 a.m. May 8, home 12 noon on
the 9th. Owing to the magnificent
performance, the owners chlrstened
him "Prince George" and it is gratifying to learn that this and later performances have been unsurpassed.
By courtesy of the Grand Trunk
Pacific Coast Steamship Company,
Ltd., the Journal is enabled to present the picture of this splendid bird.
INDUCTED NEW MINISTER
Rev.
Mr.   Kerr   U   Formally   Given
Charge of Chinch Here
Last evening, Rev. F. W. Kerr, the
new pastor of the Presbyterian
church here, was formally inducted
to his new charge. Rev. Dr. Fraser,
of Vancouver, was present, and as
he had to catch the steamer for the
south, the services were commenced
sharp at 7.30.
The sermon was preached by Rev.
Dr. Fraser, who in an able discourse
gave valuable advice which might be
of profit to the congregation and the
new preacher alike.
Mr. McLeod delivered the charge
to the new pastor, and Rev. Mr. Ross
delivered a charge to the people.
Before the meeting closed the new
preacher spoke and Rev. Mr. Sing,
representing the Methodists, and Rev.
Mr. James, the Anglicans, gave a
warm welcome to the newcomer to
the city.
Alex. Manson, an old college chum
of Rev. Mr. Kerr, spoke briefly, also.
In about two weeks time a welcome
will be extended to the new minister
ln the ohurch. Rev. Mr. Kerr has
already given evidences of being admirably adapted for the work he has
here in hand.
 o	
Ice melts at thirty-two degrees,
wax at one hundred and forty-nine
degrees, lead at six hundred and
twenty-six degrees, and platinum at
three thousand six hundred and
thirty-two degrees.
Local News
The council has again been notified
that Impure meat has been found by
the inspector In the city. The meat
was destroyed.
* *    *
The city engineer has recommended the purchase of a reducing valve
for the city water mains. At present
the pipes are not calculated to withstand the pressure now put on, and a
reducing valve would do away with
a lot of leakage,
* »    »
Yesterday was the day set for the
hearing of the application on behalf
of the city for the water record on
Cloyah River. An adjournment was
taken until Monday when formal application will be made before J. H.
McMullen, the government agent, as
water commission for the district.
* •    *
On the suggestion of Aid. Lynch
the city council will enter into negotiations for the purchase of a low
lying lot between Seventh and
Eighth streets on First avenue. This
Is the natural outlet for the sewer
and was not sold by the company at
the time of the sale in order that it
might be so used. It. was suggested
that it might now be purchased by
the city and used also as a dumping
ground.
* *    *
Fire destroyed the premises occupied by the King Ti laundry on
Fifth avenue on early Wednesday
morning. The building was in flames
before It was noticed so that there
was no chance of saving it. L. Crippen, who resides near the place, noticed the flames and rung ln an
alarm, A prompt response by the
fire department prevented the spread
to any other buildings. It was useless
to try to save the laundry as the
building was a mass of flame when
the firemen reached the place. The
spread of it to other buildings was
prevented,   however.
SENSATIONAL  CHARGES
One of the most sensational marine
enquiries held by the British Board
of Trade for some time past was that
into the loss of the British steamer
British Standard in which judgment
has just been given alleging that the
steamer was wrecked "by human
agency." This vessel was making
her maiden voyage from Cardiff to
Rio de Janeiro with a cargo of coal
and patent fuel, and when between
Cape Frio and Rio de Janeiro it was
alleged that she struck some submerged and unseen object not marked on the chart. The captain and
crew of twenty-six hands took to the
boats and rowec' away the steamer
foundering five nours afterwards.
The crew were picked up by a Brazilian schooner, and eventually landed
at Rio Janeiro. This inquiry has
lasted a full fortnight, the court even
sitting on August Bank Holiday, so
important were the points at issue
considered.
SKEENA DISTRICT
In Ceylon the largest pearls are
sold for never more than $1,500, but
when they reach the great markets
of the world, they are worth more
than three times that price.
Ferry, Kitselas, Skeena River.
IN ACCORDANCE with chapter
78, R. S. B. C, 1897, "Ferries Act,"
the Government of British Columbia
invite applications for a charter for
a ferry to ply across the Skeena
River at Kitselas.
Applications will be received by
the Honourable the Minister of Pub
lio Works up to and including the
15th  of  September next.
The limits of the ferry shall extend for a distance of one mile above
and one mile below said point.
The charter will cover a period expiring on the 31st, March, 1912.
The ferry shall be operated whenever  required  between  7   a.m.   and
7 p.m., very day excepting Sundays.
Applications shall give a description of the scow or boat it is proposed to use, and method of operation.
Applications shall state the tolls it
is proposed to ask for—
Each adult passenger.
Each child (not ln arms) under 13
years.
Each head of cattle, horse, mule or
donkey.
Each calf, sheep, goat or swine.
Each vehicle with one horse and
driver.
Each cart or wagon with one horse
and  driver, loaded.
Each vehicle with two horses and
driver.
Each vehicle with two horses and
driver, loaded.
Each parcel of twenty-five pounds
and under.
Freight     parcel     of    twenty-five
pounds and under.
Freight, per one hundred pounds
and under, non-perishable goods
Freight, per one hundred pounds
and under, perishable goods.
The Government of British Columbia is not necessarily bound to accept any application submitted.
F. C. GAMBLE,
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Works.
Victoria, B.C., 15th August, 1910.
Atlantic Steamship
 Agency	
Through tickets and excursion
rates to
England, France, Germans,
and all
Scandinavian Ports.
Call or write for rates to any
part of the world. I am also
agent for all American steamers
to and from Prince Rupert;
Northern Pacific Railway; Alaska Pacific Express.
J. H. ROGERS
General Steamship and Railway
Agent, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Canadian Pacific  R'y
Steamers leave Prince Rupert for Vancouver,
Victoria, Seattle
Princess Beatrice,  every Monday at 1 p.m.
Princess May or Princess Royal
every Saturday morning.
Steamers leave Vancomar
Princess Beatrice every Thursday night.
Princess Royal every   Saturday
night at 11 o'clock.
Union Steamship Co'y
of B.C. Ltd.
The new Steel Passenger Steamer
"Camosun"
PRINCE RUPERT every Sunday at 9 a.m. for Vancouver,
arriving Monday afternoon.
For Stewart City on arrival from
Vancouver Friday night.
Northbound, leaves Vancouver
Wednesdays at 9 p.m.
Steerage Fare $5.00
The "Camo9un" is the only steamer
on the run having water-tight bulkheads and double bottom, thus ensuring safety of passengers in case of
collission or wreck.
J. H. ROGERS,   Ticket Agent
STEWART WHARF
The B. C. Packing Company's
freighter, the British Columbia, has
taken to Stewart a load of ties and
timberB for the Portland Canal Short
Line railroad. The old barge Ivy,
has lain out at anchor for weeks,
loaded with about 1,700 tons of steel
rails. The completion of the railway wharf is but a few days off now
and when the crew starts laying the
ties and steel the line will be rushed to completion. Two locomotives
for the line have reached Vancouver and the C. P. R. freighter, Prin-
ceBs Ena, will probably bring them
to this port within a short time.
 o	
St. Patrick Is said to have chosen
He will retire on October 1, and will I the shamrock as Ireland's emblem In
be succeeded by Mr. C. E. E. Ussher.' A.D. 433.
The Standard of the Empire
BurreH's Warranted Genuine
WHITE LEAD AND LINSEED OIL
!SOLE AGENTS IN WESTERN CANADA!
The Staneland Co. Ltd
836-840 Fort Street, VICTORIA, B.C.
HAYNOR  BROS.
FUNERAL  DIRECTORS
and
PROFESSIONAL  EMBALMERS
DR.  W.  B. CLAYTON
DENTIST
—o—
Office  ln    the    Westenhaver  Block,
Over Orme's Drug   Store.
Prince Rupert
WM. S. HAl,L, L. D. S. D. D. S.
:-: DENTIST :-:
Crown and Bridge Work a specialty.
All dental operations skillfully
treated. Gas and local anaesthetics
administered for the painless extraction of teeth. Consultation free.
Offices, Helgerson Bk., Prince Rupert
J. H. PILLSBURY
CIVIL     ENGINEER
Surveying,   Designs,  Estimates,  etc.
GRAND TRUNK PACIFIC STEAMSHIPS
TBW
For VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, SEATTLE.
Connecting  with   Eastbound   Trains
Prince Rupert sails every Thursday, 8.30 p.m.
Prince George sails  every  Monday,  8.30  p.m.
FOR STEWART:
Bruno sails every Sunday at 5 p.m.,  returning  Monday  evening  to
connect with Prince George, southbound.
Bruno sails Wednesday, 5 p.m., returning   Thursday   evening, connecting with Prince Rupert, southbound.
FOR MASSET—Bruno sails 10 p.m.  every  Monday, returning Tuesday night, and for Skidegate and  other  Moresby  Island  Ports,
Bruno sails 10 p.m. Thursday, returning Saturday.
Tickets, reservations and Information   from
a. e. Monaster
Freight and Passenger Agent, G. T. P. Wharf.
Room  7,  ExchBAE,^  Block,
Corner Third Ave i.nd Sixth Street
Prince Rupert
G. W. NIOKERSON & CO.
CUSTOMS AND MERCHANDISE
.—o—
Brokers, Forwarding Agents,
Storage, etc.
J.  W.  POTTEIt
ARCHITECT     AND    STRUCTURAL
ENGINEER
Re-inforced Concrete a Specialty
.—o—
Law-Butler Building - Prince Rupert
GRAHAM ISLAND — "The surest
sign of the progress of a town or
district is its newspaper—live, active, hustling." "The MasBet Review," Masset, Q.C.I.
The Thompson
Hardware Co.
—Second Avenue—
Paints. General Hardware,
Oils, Stoves and Ranges. Friday, .September 1*6, 1910".
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
"'" ITT
LINDSAY'S CARTAGE ft STORAGE
G. T. P. CARTAGE AGENTS
Office at H. B. Rochester, Centre St.
LADYSMITH COAL
is handled by us.  AU orders receive
prompt attention. Phone No. 68.
Some Rock
Bottom
Prices
tat Di F.r linatwit
Rupert City Realty & Information Bureau, Ltd.
PRINCE KDFERT,
B.C
The Roland Rooms
Splendid Accommodations
Newly Furnished
Hot baths;  right down town;  good
table board all round
RATES, FrFTY CENTS AND UP
Fred Stork
General Hardware
...Complete Line of...
VALVES
Pipe]and Pipe Fittings
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE
NOTICE is hereby given that the
reserve existing on Crown lands ln
the vicinity of Babine Lake, situate
ln Range 6, Coast District, notice of
which was published ln the British
Columbia Gazette, dated December
17, 1908, is cancelled ln so far as
said reserve relates to lots numbered 1519, 1618, 1617, 1616, 1616,
1510, 1507, 1506, 1506A, 1603 1601,
1502, 1512, 1511, 1506, 1604, 1513,
1514, 1609, 1508, 1530, 1627, 1628,
1529, 1531, 1532, 1533, 1634, 1635,
1637, 1539, 1536, 1638, 1640, 1541,
1544, 1543, 1545, 1546, 1542, 1647,
1548, 1549, 1650, 1520, 1621, 1622,
1523, 1524, 1525, 1526, and 1661.
ROBERT A. RENWICK,
Deputy Commissioner of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C, June 16th, 1910.
(First insertion July 6.)
 LADYSMITH	
COAL
H. B. ROCHESTER, •  Centra Street
********* * ****************
Don't
Forget
j We have the stock and when
$ you want to select a Diamond
| Ring, a Wedding Present, It Is
* no trouble for you to find some-
* thing that will suit you. Our *
% stock Is composed of the best %
i goods that the factories  pro- J
* duce and we guarantee every- *
* thing sold here. *
I Bring us your   Watch    and *
* Jewelry repairing If you want *
* 18*
•;• it properly done. *
I C. B. WARK |
Clarmont Rooms
Sixth Avenne near Fulton Street
Comfortable, Homelike Rooms; Newly Furnished Throughout; Bath
Rooms  with   Hot  and
Cold Water
Rates, $3.00 a Week   and   Upwards
Mrs.   Annie   McGrath,   Proprictoress
IN THE COUNTY COURT OF ATLIN
HOLDEN AT ATLIN
C. D. NEWTON
Real Estate
Money to Loan
Notary Public
Exchange Block
Corner 3rd Avenue and 6th Street
P.O. Box 226   Tel. 226
In the matter of the Estate of Thomas D. Kearns, deceased, Intestate
All parties having claims against
the above Estate are required to forward the same, with full particulars
thereof, duly verified, to the undersigned, not later than the sixteenth
day of February, 1911, after which
said date the Estate of the said deceased will be distributed amongst
those entitled thereto.
Dated at Atlin,   B.C.,   this    nineteenth day of August, A.D. 1910.
PATRICK FOLEY,
A6-08 Administrator.
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte.
TAKE NOTICE that the Queen
Charlotte Whaling Company Limited,
of Victoria, British Columbia, occupation manufacturers, intend to apply
for permission to purchase the fol-
owlng described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about fifteen
chains south of a small creek on the
west side of Rose Harbour, Moresby
Island, thence west forty chains,
thence north forty chains, thence
east forty chains, thence southerly
following the sinuosities of the foreshore line forty chains, to the point
of commencement.
Queen Charlotte Whaling
Company Limited,
Per Sydney Charles Ruck, Agent
Dated July 14th, 1910.
Rose Harbour, Q.C.I.       . A6
WANTED—Good   sales    girl;    easy
work; short, hours.   Apply Simon's
Fair, Third avenue.
LIQUOR LICENSES
HAVE BEEN GRANTED
(Continued from Page One)
Hear
the
Truth
There's nothing about a set of
harness that requires such careful
attention, in both leather and workmanship, as traces and collars, there's
where the strain lies, there's where
we excel, though we are just as
watchful as to every other detail of
a complete set of harness, be it for
heavy or light work.
B.C. Saddlery Company
Limited
MANUFACTURERS OF SADDLERY
Jobbers of Leather, Harness, Saddles, Whips, Trunks and Valises,
Pads, Blankets, Rugs; Harness Soaps
and Dressings.
566 YATES STREET
VICTORIA, B,C.
post the notices himself. He had
authorized his clerk to do It and
knew the notices were there.
Mr. Kearns in reply to Commissioner Smith said that he posted the
notice himself previous to the date
required.
Commissioner Merryfield suggested
that In connection with the advertisements the publishers of the paper
should give evidence.
Mr  Manson said that In the rase of
land note    s with the government the
declaration   if  the  man   making  the
search was all that was required.
Question of Classification
Commissioner Merryfield returned
"we are dealing with liquor licenses,
not land now."
Mr, Manson said that he was aware
of that, but all he wanted was that
they should "not act like a lot of
jackasses."
"Thank you," came the reply from
Commissioner Merryfield.
Commissioner Merryfield Insisted
that it was necessary to have the publishers testify. This was agreed to
and some evidence taken in this respect.
Mr. Manson appeared for John
Goodman, when the necessary evidence of the advertisement and posting of the notice was submitted.
Mr. Manson, for P. Moran, of the
Victoria Hotel, produced the necessary evidence of publication and posting of notices.
E. Rosang had no representative
present.
For H. B. McDonald, Mr. Patmore
appeared. The applicant testified that
the necessary notice was posted on
his building for over fourteen days.
He put it up about the 20th of Au-
%.. st. Some days it was down and he
p..i up new ones. Evidence was also
pi oduced of publication of the notice.
The chief of police testified that
there were no convictions against Mr.
McDonald. Mr. McRae waB convicted
of illegal selling on the premises, j
There was nothing ln connection with
Mr. McDonald, however.
J. E. Sullivan's application, it was
announced, had lapsed.
Applications in Order
S. Camozzi was represented by Mr.
Patmore. Mr. Camozzi testified to
the necessary notice having been
posted and evidence was also given
of the publication of the application.
The application of Mr. Cassley was
asked to be withdrawn.
For A. J. Prudhomme, Mr. Carss
appeared. The applicant testified that
he posted the notice about August 23.
The publication of the app'lcation
was also proved.
Mr. Saughettl's application was
withdrawn.
Mr. Carss appeared for Mr.
Bondeaux who testified that from August 29 a notice had been posted and
evidence was also given tbat tbe application had been advertised.
Peter Black was represented by
Mr. Carss. The applicant testified that
he posted notice on August 29, and
evidence that the notice had been
published was also given.
Mr. Albert was represented by Mr.
Carss. The applicant testified that
he posted the necessary notice in August.
Capeccl & Bianco were represented
by Mr. Manson. The question of the
posting of the notice was left over.
For Robert Aahton, Mr. McCaffery
withdrew the application.
J. Y. Rochester was represented by
Mr. Carss. Mr. Rochester testified
to posting notice on August 30. It
was still posted.
H. E. Kirby's application was
urged by Mr. Carss. G. W. Morrow
appeared and stated he posted a no-
cce on August 31.
In M. Unmuth's application for the
Queen's, Mr. Patmore appeared for
the applicant. Mr. Unmuth testified
tnat Mr. Sullivan, from whom he
rented the Queen's, was not in the
city now. He had posted the necessary notice.
Wholesale Licenses
The wholesale license applications
which call only for an application being made in proper form were allowed to stand over.
The bottle applications were considered, the first being Austin M.
Brown, who was represented by Mr.
Manson. A little trouble arose in'
explaining the advertisement that
had appeared. Mr. Manson failed to
make clear to Commissioners Merryfield and Smith the point he raised.
Mr. Smith Insisted upon proof and
ln reply to Mr. Manson's further explanation said doubtless he (Mr.
Manson) understood It, but they were
"a lot of jackasses," and wanted
proof.
Mr. Manson said he did not say so.
Commissioner Smith replied, "You
said so a little whole ago."
Commissioner Merryfield suggested
that probably Mr. Manson had Intended to make it apply to himself.
The applications of Mr. Levy, represented by Mr. Patmore, and of Mr.
Sutherland, represented by Mr. Carss,
were looked into.
For Nick Martinovitch the application was likewise examined.
Mr. Fisher, representing the North
B. C. Liquor company, stated that the
application had been in the necessary fourteen days. It had been put
in September 1.
The secretary said he received the
application in the forenoon of September 1.
Mr. Fisher pointed out It was in,
therefore, fourteen clear days.
The court then adjourned to examine the premises and meet again
tiie next morning at ten o'clock.
Ballot on Applications
After adjournment on Wednesday
afternoon the Hoard visited all the
premises and when the court assembled on the following morning Commissioner Smith moved that all applications be decided by ballot.
Mr. .Manson asked to withdraw the
applications of P. C. Morang, Capecci
& Bianco, and J. Goodman. This was
granted.
Mr. Manson called attention to the
act in respect to the fact that it was
specified that all decisions must be
in open court.
Commissioner Smith returned:
"We are sitting In open court now,
are we not."
Mr. Manson replied they were. He
only wished to call attention to the
act. It was for the commissioners to
decide.
Commissioner Smith suggested
that they were somewhat "dense" but
they would proceed according to the
law.
After some consultation it was decided that a ballot could be taken,
and an announcement made in open
court of the result, Messrs. Patmore
and Fisher agreeing that that was
well within the meaning of the act.
Licenses Granted
Taking up the licenses in order
the commissioners ballotted on J. E.
Gilmor of the Premier Hotel, when a
unanimous decision was reached to
grant the license.
In the matter of G. A. Sweet, the
point was raised as to how the board
could safeguard itself so as to ensure
a transfer to any other manager who
might come to the premises. It was
finally decided to Issue it to Mr.
Sweet as manager of the G. T. P. Inn.
Commissioner Merryfield insisted
that the Oriental employed there
should be got rid of.
Mr. Fisher said this had already
been done.
The vote was a unanimous one.
The New Knox ln the name of O.
Besner was unanimously granted.
Met Obstacle
When the application of Corley &
tturgess came up a difficulty arose.
Mr. Kearns, who posted the notices
on the premises, wished to modify
the statement he made the day before
relative to the date of the posting.
He was satisfied that it was about
September 1 he did it. He could not
now say positively that it was before
the first. He could only say It was
on or about September 1.
Mr. Manson said he could produce
evidence to show that the notice was
posted for the necessary fourteen
days before the sitting.
The first meeting of the commissioners was not held to be a legal
sitting. This was the first legal sitting. He could produce evidence to
show that the notice was posted on
the building for fourteen days before
the date. It was not necessary, he
held that the fourteen days should
not be construed as Immediately before the sitting of the board.
Mr. Manson wanted the opinion of
Mr. Patmore on this point. He was
disinterested.
Commissioner Merryfield contended that this could only be an opinion.
Mr. Patmore said he was not there
fighting with the commissioners. If
they wanted his opinion they could
have it.
Commissioner Merryfield felt that
a precedent should be established. If
agents were not made to comply exactly with the law there would be
trouble later on.
The chairman asked the opinion
of Mr. Patmore ln the case.
Mr. Patmore's Opinion
Mr. Patmore held that the applicants had complied with the law in
respect to having posted the neces
sary notice three months before. As
long as the notice was posted within
a reasonable time which he believed
three months constituted, It was all
right.
Mr. Fisher being asked for his
opinion, said that the posting must
be on the building for which application was sought. If this notice was
posted three months ago it would be
on another building.
Mr. Manson said this was incorrect. He could prove it was on this
building.
Mr. Fisher believed that it must
be for the fourteen days proceeding
the sitting. He did not want his
opinion to be taken as it was given
off hand.
Mr. Carss excused himself from
giving an opinion on the ground of
his being police magistrate.
Take No Chance
Commissioner Merryfield felt like
taking no chance of violating the
act.   .
The chairman asked leave tp leave
the chair, and moved that they proceed to ballot on this application.
A further conference of the board
followed after which the chairman
withdrew his motion.
Commissioner Smith moved that
the application lay on the table until
the next meeting.
This carried, and the same course
was pursued with each of the following applications: il. B, McDonald, S.
Caniossl, A. J, Prudhomme, M. Bou-
iloiiux, p. Black, M. Albert, .1 V.
Rochester, II. K. Kirby and M. t'n-
muth.
Proceeding to the wholesale applications, the first on the list was
Frank Clapp.
Commissioner Smith moved to lay
it over until the next meeting.
Must Issue Licenses
Mr. Patmore said that according
to the act a wholesale liquor license
was In exactly the same shape as that
of a retail trader. He had tendered
the fee for those whom he represented. He did not believe that the board
could refuse any applicant. They
could no more do it than In the case
of retail traders. If they did so
they were acting in restrain of trade
which was illegal.
Commissioner Merryfield suggested that the commissioners had then
no authority in the matter.
Mr. Patmore said they were able to
control these as far as ther bylaw
specified.     He   did   not   think   they
could refuse to grant licenses to any
offering.
Mr. Fisher's opinion being sought
he held that the board could refuse
or grant or lay over any class of
licenses.
The chairman felt that the wholesale applications were different from
the retail applications. If they laid
over some of these applications and
granted others it would give those
granted licenses an unfair advantage.
He favored giving all of them licenses. They were all reputable men.
He moved that each be granted licenses.
Commissioner Merryfield said he
certainly would not support that
motion. He thought that they should
be regulated. .
Mr. Patmore pointed out that the
city would get $2,250 from this. Why
should any advantage be given to a
few?
The chairman felt it would be hard
to discriminate. He viewed It from
the side of the city's finances. If these
men were willing to take a chance
they should not be restrained.
Not Fair to Take Money
Commissioner Merryfield said that
it was not reasonable to suppose that
all could do business on a paying
basis. The business was not here and
It was not fair to take their money.
If It were shown that the board had
no authority to refuse that would
make a different aspect.
Commissioner Smith favored the
board acting unanimously If possible.
So far this had been done.
Commissioner Merryfield wished
to know how long It would take the
city solicitor to go Into the subject.
Mr. Manson said probably he could
give it the next day by ten.
Commissioner Smith moved that
they proceed to ballot on Sutherland
& Mavnard.
This motion carried and the board
decided unanimously to grant the
application.
The same course followed with the'
Prince Rupert Wnolesal^ Liquor
Company, E. D. Clarke & H. H.
Clarke, and the Northern B. C. Liquor company.
The others were all laid on the
table until next meeting.
The application of Mllner & Bow-
ness for a restaurant, license was also
laid over.
In the matter of bottli licenses,
Commissioner Merryfield wished to
know if the granting of a bottle
license would cut out an notel license.
Mr. Manson said that was his opin
ion of the matter.
Commissioner Merryfield thereup
on moved that the bottle license application be laid over until a written
opinion should be handed down by
the solicitor.
The court then adjourned until
October 15.
COMMERCIAL LINE
G.T.P.
Sent   Out  First    Freighter   •■
Which Rates Were
Paid.
Foley, Welch & Stewart Ship Supplies
Out of Prince Rupert by Way
of the Railway
On Wednesday the first train load
of freight as a producer for the G. T.
P. left the local headquarters for a
point up the river about 6ii miles.
The event Is of Importance as it
marks the real beginning of the commercial carrying trade of the company from here. The freight was
consigned to the Foley, Welch &
Stewart company, the contractors.
There were sixteen cars ln the train.
The rolling stock of the G. T. P.
at this point is being increased from
time to time ln order to be In a position to meet all demands that will be
put upon it.
The fall In the water of the Skeena
during the past few days has made
the handling of the freight by the
contracting company rather difficult
and they will welcome the auxiliary
to be found In the railway, by which
means there will be a saving of time
effected.
The engineering department of the
railway expect to have the road completed to the Canyon early next
month which will allow considerable
freight to go up that way this fall.
The steamers will then have to handle it from ther on to the camps.
 o	
****************■;. $«*** «..;..;.<.
*   MARINE NEWS   I
**************************
KESTREL CALLED
Personals
Dr. Clayton has returned from the
south with Mrs. Clayton.
*        **
G. G. S. Lindsay, K.C., of Toronto,
has remained in Stewart a few days
longer  than   he  expected.
The D. G. S. Kestrel, Capt. New-
combe, was In port yesterday. The
vessel called In order to allow for the
paying of the crew and other business, Prince Rupert being made the
headquarters when the vessel Is ln
northern waters. Tbe steamer Is engaged In keeping a close lookout for
poachers In the fishing grounds here.
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE
*     +     *
J. F. McDonald, of the Prince Rupert Liquor company, has gone soutii
to arrange for his wholesale stock.
• •     *
G. H. Collins, head of the Canadian
Fish &  Cold  Storage  Company, has
returned to the city from the south.
* *    ♦
Thomas Hooper, a well known
architect of Victoria, was in the city
a few days this week. Mr. Hooper is
an old time lacrosse enthusiast.
♦ *    *
Dr. Sloiiim is leaving shortly for
Hazelton where he will organize a
lodge of the F.O.E. The Eagle lodge
organized by him here is the banner
one in Canada, and he has hopes of
reaching well on to the number secured here at  the Inland town.
SEALERS CLAIM
The owners of the sealing BChoon-
|cr Agnes Donahua, in Victoria and
Halifax have received the first part
of the compensation of $15,000 to be
paid by the Uruguayan government
for the seizure of the vessel six
years ago by a Uruguayan warship on
a charge of poaching. The Agnes
Donahue, which sailed from Victoria
was in command of Capt. Matt Ryan
and had a number of Victoria sealers
included in her crew. The vessel
was held for ten months at Montevideo, where the crew were lodged in
Jail, So far nothing has been received by the crew on account of the
illegal   Imprisonment.
. o	
The finest opal known Is that belonging to the Austrian crown jewels.
It is five Inches long, tow and a half
inches wide, and weighs seventeen
ounces.
A change has been made in the
schedule of the G. T. P. steamers. In
future the two Princes, the Rupert
and the George, wil1 not proceed
farther than this port on their way
north. They will connect with the
Bruno here and the latter vessel will
at once proceed to Stewart, returning in time to allow the larger steamers to sail on time for Vancouver,
Victoria and  Seattle.
The freight for Stewart will be
discharged and put on the Bruno as
quickly as possible on arrival here,
and with all freight originally at this
port on board beforehand, the Bruno
will be able to get a quick discharge
from Prince Rupert allowing the
Prince Rupert and the Prince George
plenty of time to handle the trade
here. On the way back from Stewart the Bruno will call at Kincollth
and Port Simpson.
Some further alterations have been
made necessary in the Queen Charlotte service which is set forth in the
advertisement of the company appearing in another column.
QUADRA HERE
The D. G. S. Quadra (Capt. Hacked ) Is in these waters at present
overhauling the buoys and lights. A
few days more will complete the
work when the Quadra will go to
Port Simpson and do the necessary
work there, The vessel on the way
north took In all the aids to navigation from Mlllbank sound northward.
(in completing the work hen' she
will proceed soutii and finish the
work fi Din Mlllbank Sound southward.
LIGHT   HOUSE  TENDER
The marine nnd fisheries department has determined upon the construction of another lighthouse lender for service on the Britisli Columbia roast.
For the past two years chartered
steamers have been used, one or
more vessels fixed at $lii0 per day,
have been constantly in the employ
of the department, and recommendations were made about two years ago
for the construction of another light-
iiouse tender. Tenders have been invited for the building of the new government steamer. The new tender
will be a twin screw steamer, 200
feet in length, 38 feet beam, 17.6
feet deep, with draft of 11.6 feet and
supplied with engines giving a speed
of twelve knots an hour. PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Friday, September 16, 1910.
ENSURING   HEALTH
Henry Vivian, MP., of England, Gives
Interesting Facts in Vancouver.
He   Points    Out   the   Necessity   For
Proper Hygienic Conditions
in Cities
"I have a great belief in the future of our race, and just as we have
led on the battlefield we certainly
have led iii industry—our country
was the pioneer in the modern industrial system—so I trust that with
every advance in the control of man
over the forces of nature and over
the means of health, we may lead in
the creation of those conditions
throughout the land which our race
occupies, in making for the highest
development possible; that our race
shall he robust, physically fit and
clean, every man fit to do his share
of work. That we may have the art
of the Greeks, that we may have the
power of organization of the Romans,
who conquered the world, and that
we may have the best that the Christian religion can give us in morals
and ethics. Canada has, perhaps, the
greatest opportunity to make( her
contribution towards this goal. I
pray she may not lose that opportunity."
Such were the words with which-
Mr. Henry Vivian, M. P. for Birkenhead, in the imperial house of commons, concluded an address before
the members of the Canadian Club In
Vancouver.
Mr. Vivian is one of the great
pioneers of the important housing
problem in Great Britain, and is in
Canada at the invitation of Earl Grey
to talk to Canadians upon this question, which is looming so largely in
all of the great cities of the world.
In this connection, too, he had a
word of sound, wholesome advice to
give to Canadians.
Mistakes Were Made
"/i'U have here." t snid, "nn
enormous opiovini:/ We hav
made our mistakes ir. Ihe old land.
Seventy-five to one M'lnJ.ol years
ago we were m lh( pos'.tbn i:i co-re
wavs that Canada Ik '.oday. Nut. of
course, with regt'd to the extent of
our resources, bat it! any rate in
some ways th> ,iocii'.' m was parallel
That Is, we we."e seriously starting
at the beginning of our industrial
era, which w.i to pit little England
at the head of the industrial world
It Is not the si's of .."ir territory that
is ultimately ,;.',,;* to decide the
thing; it Is the Indi.-idunl unit tfat
will finally deal? the influence '.hat
our nation lu i la ih? woud I trust
we may be able to maintain our efficiency in that direction.
"You have here in tie miking
towns by the hundred; you have
cities so young at present that they
have not yet ruined their chances o!
becoming ideal cities. In some casts
they have gone a long way in ihat direction. I have seen conditions of
life in one or more of your cities on
this side that would not be to'°rat?d
In London twenty-four hours. Now,
you complain from time to time, and
rightly so, of our sending you inefficient immigrants. I admit it. They
are not only inefficient on this side
—they are inefficient on the other—
many would not come unless they
were.
Preserve Health Conditions
"Up to now the health of Canada
has been preserved not by the design
of man, but by the influence of nature. You have not been able to be
unhealthy. But gradually you are
attempting to build up big cities, and
as you advance along these lines, unless you grapple with this problem
of down town development you will
begin in produce, nnd ultimately produce as rapidly in the new land the
Inefflclents that we have produced in
the old."
To illustrate his point, he Instanced the hundreds of thousands who
riiickocf^fi'iiii the rural districts In
the old land to the cities on accounl
of the great industrial boom that
took place. Every able-bodied man
was engaged In milking money, and
they overlooked the need tor creating
in those great industrial centres they
were building up, development on the
lines thai would develop a healthy
kind of workman for the shops that
were being liuilt up. He appealed to
them to create tho public sentiment
necessary to take this question in
hand here.
During tlii' Inst live years they had
been stirred in the old land by the
number of fact? brought out concerning the Influence of unhealthy
conditions in home life in the towns
upon the character and physique of
the people, and gradually the Influence of those who had been called
cranks   had   made   itself  felt   in   the
COAL NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mc-
Innes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a
license to prospect for coal and petroleum on the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the south shore of Crow Bay,
thence north 80 chains, thence west
80 chains, tlience south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s S.E. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
SI 6 KENZIE McLEOD McINNBS.
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mc-
Innes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the south shore of Crow Bay,
thence north 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence south 80 chains,
tlience west 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s S.W. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
S16 KENZIE McLEOD MclNNES.
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mc-
Innes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the south short of Crow Bay,
thence soutii 80 chains, thence west
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s N.E. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
S16 KENZIE McLEOD MclNNES.
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mc-
Innes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the south shore of Crow Lake,
thence south SO chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s N.W. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
S16 KENZIE McLEOD MclNNES.
country. In Liverpool, an enquiry
was carried out which produced
startling facts, in comparison with
an enquiry carried out on similar
lines at Port Sunlight, the industrial
village established by Lever Bros.,
where special attention was paid to
the health of the firm's employees.
These figures compared the children
at both places at the age of fourteen
years, and showed that the children
inhabiting the healthy homes of the
great industrial village of Port Sunlight, just three miles outside the
city of Liverpool, were four inches
taller than the children of the same
age in Liverpool, and thirty pounds
heavier in weight. Similar comparisons were made at other great cities
with the same similar results. He
urged them to think what this meant
on the race as a whole, for in the
long run that race would be supreme
that produced the most effective human unit.
Startling Statistics
"The medical officer of health for
Finsbury enquired into the effect on
the lives of those under his care,
and he found that In the one-room
home the death rate was forty per
thousand; in the two-room home,
twenty per thousand; in the three-
room home, fifteen per thousand,
while in the four-room home the
death rate was only eight to ten per
thousand. In other words, the
slaughter of human life was reduced
by three-fourths when the moderate
standard of comfort of a four-room
house was reached."
These enquiries stimulated many
to action, with the result that several
industrial villages were built outside
large cities, where only eight houses
were allowed to the acre, recreation
grounds and breathing spaces were
provided, and each house was provided, with its garden space, and the
houses ranged from those for the
artisan to the city magnate. The experiments were turning out remarkably well and were producing good
healthy conditions in the lives of tho
people.
In the legislation that had just
been passed, it was made possible for
a town council to lay out the whole
area around the town that was not
bull! upon on lines which would secure for all time healthy conditions
for the population that would in
habit that area. It wns recognized
Hint many towns could not set tl
•lie problem sufficiently far ahead
within the boundary of the existing
town, and it was therefore decided
to give them power to act beyond
their municipal boundaries, and so
the areas around the towns can he
laid out years ahead for future developments.
 o	
The wife of a naval officer attached to the academy at Annapolis
has in her employ an Irish sehvant
who recently gave evidence of nostalgia.
"You ought to be contented and
not pine for your old home, Bridget,"
said  the  lady  of  the house.    "You
NOTICE
NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of
British Columbia at Its next Session
for an Act to incorporate a company
with power to construct, equip,
maintain and operate a line or lines
of railway of standard guage with
any kind of motive power for the
conveyance of passengers and freight,
and with all the powers contained
in the "Model Railway BUI": Commencing from a point at or near
Port Simpson, or Work Channel, in
the Coast District, British Columbia,
by the most feasible, desirable and
practicable route to a point on the
Eastern boundary of the Province of
British Columbia, via the South-west
side of Work Channel to the Skeena
River; thence up the North side of
the Skeena River to a point near
Hazelton; thence to the junction of
the Bulkley River; thence up the
right bank of this River eight (8)
miles to the Suskewa River; thence
up this River by a low divide to the
head of Babine Lake; thence to the
north end of Stuart Lake; thence
north of McLeod Lake to the Mis-
nichinca River; thence up the Mis-
nichinca River by Summet Lake to
Pine River Pass; thence north-westerly to head of Pine River, and down
ihis River to Moberley Lake; and
thence by the Peace River to the
Eastern boundary of the said Province of British Columbia; and with
power to construct, operate and
maintain all necessary bridges, roads,
ways and ferries; and to build, acquire, own and maintain wharves and
docks in connection therewith; and
to build, acquire, own, equip and
maintain steam and other vessels and
boats, and to operate the same on
any navigable waters; and with
power to build, equip, operate and
maintain telegraph and telephone
lines in connection with the said
Railway and branches, and to transmit messages for commercial purposes, and to charge tolls therefor;
and to generate and to sell electricity
for the supply of light, heat and
power; and with power to expropriate lands for the purposes of the
Company; and to acquire lands,
money bonuses, privileges or other
aids from any Government, municipal corporation or other persons or
bodies; and to levy and collect tolls
from all persons using, and on all
freight passing over any of such
roads, railways, ferries, wharves and
vessels built by the Company; and
with power to connect with and make
traffic or other arrangements with
railway, steamboat, or other companies:
Dated at Victoria, B.C., this 11th
day of August, 1910.
BARNARD & ROBERTSON,
A19.      Solicitors for the Applicants.
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Phillip Williams, of Sydney, Nova Scotia, occupation accountant, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Weln
ley:—Commencing at a post planted
at the S. E. corner and about 16 %
miles distant in a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence north 80
chains, thence west 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. PHILLIP  WILLIAMS.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4,  1910. Jy8
COAL CLAIMS
Skeena District—Queen  Charlotte
Islands.
To all to whom It may concern:—
NOTICE Is hereby given that I, the
undersigned, Intend to apply for a
icense to prospeet for Coal and
Petroleum upon the following lands
situate on Graham Island, one of tbe
Queen Charlotte Group, ln the Province of British Columbia, and more*
particularly described as follows, viz:
Commencing at a stake planted one
and a quarter miles west of the
north-east corner of Louis Inlet, and
marked "P. C. Coates' S. E. Corner
Claim No. 1," thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence south 80 chains to
the place of commencement.
Staked June 14th, 1910.
Dated this 28th day of July, 1910.
P. C. COATES,
By his Agent, Wm. Edward Laird.
A9
COAL CLAIMS
Skeena District—Queen  Charlotte
Islands.
To all to whom It may concern-:—
NOTICE is hereby given that I, the
undersigned intend to apply for a
icense to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum upon the following lands,
situated on Graham Island, one of
the Queen Charlotte group, In the
Province of British Columbia, and
more particularly described as follows, viz:—Comemncing at a stake
planked at. the S. E. corner of P. C.
Coates' Claim No. 1, and marked
"Wm. Penman's S. W. Corner, Claim
No. 1," thence east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence south, 80 chains to the
ilace of commencement.
Staked, June 14th, 1910.
Dated this 28th days of July, 1910.
WM. PENMAN.
By his Agent, Wm. Edward Laird.
A9
LAND   LEASE   NOTICE
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that The Canadian
Pish & Cold Storage Company Ltd.,
of Vancouver, occupation Mercantile
and Manufacturing, Intends to apply
for permission to lease the following described land:—Commencing at
a post planted at high water mark
on the westerly Bide of Prince Rupert Harbor and distant about 110
chains from the north-east corner of
Lot 443, thence west 20 chains,
thence soutii 20 chains, thence east
5 chains, more or less to high water
mark, tlience following along the
high water mark to the point of commencement and containing 20 acres
more or less.
The Canadian  Fish  and  Cold
Storage Company,  Limited,
J. H. Pillsbury, Agent.
Dated June 20th, 1910. Jyi;>
SkeeHa Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Annie Grieve
of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following, described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:-
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner, and about 17% miles
distant In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 40 chains, thence
east 4 0 chains, thence south 40
chains, tlience east 40 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thence west 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 480 acres, more or
less. ANNIE GRIEVE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 4, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that John Cox, of
Monarch, Alberta, occupation farmer, intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described
lands, situated in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Comencing at «. post planted at the
north-west corner and about five and
one-quarter miles distant in a northwesterly direction from the north end
of Kitwancool Lake, thence 80
chains south, thence 80 chains east,
thence 80 chains north, thence 80
chains west to point of commencement, and containing 640 acres,
more or less.
JOHN COX.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  May  30,  1910. Jy5
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that James Alexander McDonald, of Monarch, Alberta, occupation farmer, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands, situated in
the Kitwancool or Chein Wein Valley:—Commencing at a post planted
at the N. E. corner about five and
one quarter miles distant in a northwesterly direction from the north
end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains, thence east
80 chains to point of commencement,
and  containing  640  acres,  more or
JAMES ALEXANDER MCDONALD
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated May 30, 1910. Jy6
Coast Land District—District of
Qlf ppn &
TAKE NOTICE that I, Ernestine
A. Roney, of Prince Rupert, occupation married woman, intend to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the north
bank of the Skeena River about half
a mile south of Geo. T. Church's preemption, thence west 10 chains,
thence north 40 chains, thence east
to the Skeena River; thence southwest following the bank of the
Skeena River to the place of beginning,    and    containing  about 80
ERNESTINE A. RONEY, Locator.
W. A. Roney, Agent.
Dated July 7th, 1910. Jy22
Coast Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, J. Adolph
Perry, of Vancouver, B.C., occupation
book-keeper, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted on the north bank of the
Skeena River, about a mile west of
Lot 31, thence north 40 chains,
thence east 80 chains to lot 31,
thence south 40 chains to bank of
Skeena River, thence west about 80
chains following north bank of
Skeena River to point of commencement, and containing about 320
acres.
J. ADOLPH PERRY, Locator.
Wm. A. Roney, Agent.
Dated July 16th, 1910. Jy22
Coast Land District—District of
Qlrppn ft
TAKE NOTICE that I, Mary M.
Roney, of Stillwater, Minnesota, U.
S.A., occupation married woman, Intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands.
Commencing at a post planted on the
north bank of the Skeena River at
the south-east corner of Geo. T.
Church's pre-emption, thence north
40 chains, thence east 40 chains,
thence south to tho bank of the
Skeena River, thence south-west following the Skeena River to the place
of beginning and containing about
120 acres.
MARY M.  ROENY, Locator.
W. A.  Roney,  Agent.
Dated July 8th, 1910. Jy22
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
PflRRlfl T*
TAKE NOTICE that Pearl Caspell
of Cayley, Alberta, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the folk-wing described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. E. corner and about 15% miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 40 chains, thence north 40
chains, thence west 40 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence east 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 480 acres, more or
less. PEARL CASfELL.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 3, 1910. jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE thai Mary Brown,
of Vancouver, B.C., occupation married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity ol
the Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—Commencing at a post planted
at the North-east corner and about
ten miles distant in a north-westerly
direction from the north end of tha
Kitwancool lake, thence south 80
chains, thence west 40 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence west 40
chains, thence north 40 chains
thence east 80 chains to point ol
commencement, and containing 480
acres, more or less.
MARY BROWN.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 1, 1910. Jy8
LAND PURCHASE NOTICES
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Ethel Welsh,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
south-east corner and about 10 miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to
point of commencement and containing 640 acres, more or less.
ETHEL WELSH.
James W. Smith, Agent
Dated June 1st, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that John Henderson, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
agent, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. .W corner and about 25 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
east 40 chains, thence south 80
chains, ' thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement and containing 320 acres, more or less.
JOHN   HENDERSON.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 7th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Laura Gordon
of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—■
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. E. corner and about 18 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence south 40 chains, thence
west 40 chains, thence north 40
chains, thence east 40 chains to the
point of commencement, and contain-
ing#160 acres, more or less.  .
LAURA GORDON.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  June  4,   1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Walter Marke
of Toronto, Ont., occupation traveller, intends to apply for permission
to purchase tbe following described
lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool
or Chean Wein Valley:—Commencing at a post planted at the N. E.
corner and about 27% miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement and containing 640 acres, more or less.
WALTER MARKE.
James W. Smith, Agent
Dated June 8th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
CiiScSitir
TAKE NOTICE that Richard
Howie, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation dentist, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of
Kitwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—■
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. E. corner and about 24% miles
distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
RICHARD HOWIE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated  June  7th,  1910. Jy8
are earning good wages, your work
is light, everyone is kind to you, and
you have lots of friends here."
"Yls, mum," sadly replied Bridget,
"hut it's not the plice where I be
that makes me homesick, it Is the
place whire I don't be."
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Violet Gelger,
of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands In the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and about 23% miles
distant In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 40 chains, thence north 40
chains, thence east 40 chains, thence
north 40 chains, thence west 80
chains to point of commencement,
and containing 480 acres, more or
leBS. VIOLET GEIGER.
James W. S'ulth, Agent.
Dated June  7th,  1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
On rr! fti*
TAKE NOTICE that Sandford
Burton, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation mining engineer, IntendB to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands in the vicinity of Kltwancool or Chean Weln
Valley: — Commencing at a post
planted at tbe N. E. corner and
about 23% miles distant in a northwesterly direction from the north
end of Kitwancool Lake, thence south
SO chains, thence west 80 chains,
tlience north 80 chains, thence east
80 chains to point of commencement
and containing 640 acres, more or
less. SANDFORD BURTON.
James W. Smifti, Agent.
Dated June 7th, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District-—District of
f'] ^K1 M I"
TAKE NOTICE that Henry Welsh,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
printer, intends to apply foi permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley: —
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and 11 miles distant
in* a north-westerly direction from
the north end of Kltwancool Lake,
thence north 80 chains, thence west
80 chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
HENRY WELSH.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 2, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Frederick
Welsh, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation clerk, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner about 11 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
west 40 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence east 40 chains to-
point of commencement, and containing 320 acres, more or less.
FREDERICK WELSH.
James VV. Smith, Agent
Dated June 2, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that James Welsh,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation machinist. Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
N. W. corner and about 12 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from the nortk end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence south 80 chains, thence
east 20 chains, thence north 80
chains, thence west 20 chains to the
point of commencement and containing 160 acres, more or less.
JAMES  WELSH.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 2,  1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that Marguerette
Burns, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation married woman, intends to apply for permission ..u purchase the
following described lands In the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Wein
Valley:—Commencing at a post
planted at the N. E. corner and distant about 12 miles ln a northwesterly direction f^m the north
end of Kitwancool Lake; thence
south 80 chains, thence west 20
chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence east 20 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 160
acres, more or less.
MARGUERETTE   BURNS.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 2, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Oft QKlflTP
TAKE NOTICE that Charles F.
Burns, of Moncton, New Brunswick,
occupation auditor, Intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands in the vicinity of Kltwancool or Chean Wein
Valley:—Commencing at a post
planted at the south-west corner and
about 12 miles distant in a northwesterly direction from the north
end of Kltwancool Lake; thence
north 80 chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains to point of
commencement, and containing 640
acres, more or less.
CHARLES  F.   BURNS.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated   June   2,   1910 Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that James Jar-
dine, of Vancouver, B. C., occupation
merchant, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands in the vicinity of Kltwancool or Chean Weln ' Valley: —
Commencing at a post planted, at the
N. W. corner and about 13 miles distant in a north-westerly direction
from (lie north end of Kltwancool
Lake, thence south SO chains, thence
east 80 chains thence north SO
chains, thence west 80 chains to
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
JAMES JARDINE.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 2, 1910. Jy8
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Norman Cle-
land, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation printer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands In the vicinity of Kitwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—
Comencing at a post planted at the
S. E. corner and about 26% miles'
distant ln a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake, thence north 80 chains, thence
west 80 chains, thence south 80
chains, thence east 80 chains to the
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
NORMAN  CLELAND.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 8 th, 1910.
Skeena Land District—District of
OiRsiji i'
TAKE NOTICE that John McDiar-
mid, of Lucknow, Ont., occupation
farmer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands in tho vicinity of the
Kitwancool or Chean Weln Valley:—
Commencing at a post planted at the
S. W. corner and about 13 miles distant In a north-westerly direction
from the north end of Kitwancool
Lake; thence north 80 chains, thence
east 40 chains, thence south 80
chains; thence west 40 chains to
point of commencement, and containing  320 acres.
JOHN McDIARMID.
James W. Smith, Agent.
Dated June 2, 1910. Jy8 Friday, September 16, 1910.
THE   PRINCE  RUPERT  JOURNAL
^^^
"UP-TO-DATE OFFICES
**********************.>.j.* .j,
I THE HUDSON'S BAY GO.'Y f
**************************
Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal
recently presided over the general
court of the Hudson's Bay company,
with whose fortunes he has been for
so many years closely Identified, and
which, like himself, is in a lusty old
age. The Glasgow Herald, referring
to this great old Instituiioi., says:—
"There are few things more remarkable In the history of commerce
than the vitality and prosperity of
this great trading and iand-owning
concern. Alone of the merchant adventurers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, It survives and
flourishes. The Virginia company,
which is the starting point of English history in what are now the
United States of America, is only a
memory. The Irish society formed
to settle Ulster in Jacobean days, Is
probably not even that. The East
India company, most magnificent and
illustrious of commercial undertakings, was dissolved more than fifty years ago.
"The Hudson's Bay company, of
which the charter dates from 1670,
remains securely entrenched In diminished but still princely possessions, and this year distributes in
dividends to a comfortable compact
body of shareholders, the sum of
£240,000—free of income tax, for
the house of lords, ln its judicial capacity, has affirmed that the peculiar
conditions under which the company
holds and disposes of its lands relieves it from the exactions of British
chancellors of the exchequer.
"Romance begins In the day of
small things. The pioneers of British enterprise in the lone lands of
Canada were two Frenchmen, Gros-
seliers and Rodisson, who attempted
first of all to enlist the court of
France in the promotion of the fur
trade. Disappointed by their countrymen they turned to England and
told the interesting story of their
hopes and beliefs to Charles II and
Prince Rupert. The result was an
expedition to Hudson's Bay, which
was despatched in 1668, and returned with good reports in the following
year.
Gnve Away Canada
"In 1670 the company received its
charter, and with a generosity rivalling that of the pope, who divided
the New World between two Catholic
powers, Charles II handed over to
the adventurers the whole trade of
all those seas, straits and bays, rivers
lakes, creeks and sounds in whatsoever latitude they shall be, that He
within the entrance of the straits,
commonly called Hudson's straits.
That is to say, the company received
a gift of the trade in and practical
sovereignty over all the territories
between Hudson's straits and the
summits of the still unknown Rocky
mountains—Labrador and Rupert's
Land, or what are now defined as
Manitoba and the recently-formed
provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
When Canada Began
"It was a truly regal gift. It made
the company the providence of a continent so long as Canada remained
as it did for so many generations,
except in the settled portions of Ontario and Quebec, a land of tremendous distances and mighty solitudes.
Rivalry began with the formation of
the Northwest company, a fur trading concern with its headquarters in
Montreal. The severe struggle that
ensued continued for many years, but
ended ultimately ln exhaustion and
amalgamation. But there was a
more portentious rivalry—that of the
development of the Canadian nation,
which the company was otliged to
meet and conciliate by other methods. No country advancing at political Intelligence and aptitude, and determined to be the controller of its
own destinies, could submit to the
perpetuation of a gigantic monopoly
In a vast part of Its territories'.
Itchiiyiiig Canada
"Accordingly, In 1869, on the eve
of confederation, the mother country stepped in, and, by way <of making amends for the irresponsible
munificence of her Stuart sovereign,
repurchased nineteen-twentieths of
the land included in the seventeenth
century gift. The price was only
£300,000, £60,000 more than the
company has distributed in one annual dividend. The sum paid and
the potentialities, as well as the real
magnitude of the subject surrendered, makes a sugegstive contrast. It
reminds one of the pepper-corn rent
on which some of the land owners of
the past enjoyed their fat heritages.
"But even the twentieth part of its
original possessions represents to
the company a sufficiently handsome
revenue in the present and the prospect of enhanced values In the future. It happens in this case, perhaps, as It has happened In others,
that the part is greater   than    the
whole. Without the surrender to
which we have alluded the progress
of Canada would have been indlfin-
Itely delayed, and without that progress all the enormous inheritance of
the successors of 1607 would have
been valueless.
Big Land Owners
"The several millions of acres with
which the company is still endowed
are scattered over the whole of the
provinces where it once held its sovereignity, and as population flows in
the biggest land owners in the world
—as we may fairly call the fortunate
shareholders—enjoy the pleasure of
receiving an Increment far beyond
the visions of Prince Rupert and his
contemporary adventures. In 1904-
$5 they sold land at an average price
of one pound, five shillings, four
pence per acre. Last year the average was two pounds, eleven shillings,
one penny per acre. At the present
time their ascertained possessions
amount to 4,053,695 acres. But they
have also lands accruing to them In
the unsurveyed portion of the fertile
belt approximating to 1,436,000
acres, so that the total quantity thev
own may now be set down to 5,500,-
000 acres. What the value of this
asset may be—and It must be remembered that the fur-trading
privileges of the company were equal"
last year to a profit of £166,156—
it is impossible to surmise.
"Who can guess what the population of Canatfa and the extent of its
land hunger may be when the last
of the Hudson Bay acres come to be
disposed of? Long before that still
distant time, no doubt, the company
will have come into the market as
a competitor for land, buying in order that it may sell again. In the
meantime the shareholders have the
satisfaction of knowing that there
are several millions of pounds sterling between them and such a revision of their charter as would bring
them and their diivdends within the
graps of the British taxing authorities. We do not wonder that Lord
Strathcona has never felt Inclined
to sell a single share of the company
in which, as he states, he is perhaps
the largest shareholder."
 0	
COMMON NAMES
PROTECTING MINERS
Provincial Regulations Praised for Care
Which is Given to Coal
Workers.
The   New   Rules   Enforced   Should
Have Effect of Lessening
Loss of Life
How  the  Smiths  Stand  in  England
and Scotland
Analyzing the surnames In Ireland
and comparing theme with those In
England and Scotland, Sir Robert E.
Matheson, LL.D., registrar-general
for Ireland, makes some very interesting discoveries in a special report
issued by his majesty's stationery of-
nce, Dublin.
From the birth indexes of 1853,
Sir Robert found that in England,
with an estimated population of 18,-
404,421, the most common surnames
were: Smith, 253,000; Jones, 242,-
100; Williams, 159,900; Taylor,
124,000; Davies, 113,600; Brown,
105,600; Thomas, 94,000; Evans,
93,000; Roberts, 78,400; Johnson,
69,500.
The birth indexes for Scotland in
1863, when the population was estimated at 3,101,345, gave the following results: Smith, 44,200; McDonald, 36,600; Brown, 33,800; Thomson, 31,200; Robertson, 30,600;
Campbell, 30,200; Wilson, 29,300;
Anderson, 26,500; Scott, 22,400.
In Ireland the Murphys represent
13.3 per 1,000 of the population.
 0	
CHARTER ACCOUNTS
Question of Paying Expenses to Victoria Comes Before the Council
The oBard of Trade a few evenings
ago wrote to the city council with
respect to the accounts of G. to. Morrow and W. E. Williams, relative to
the charter. This was considered at
the Board of Trade meeting which
reported In favor of paying the
travelling expenses of .Messrs. Morrow and Williams.
Ills Worship said in this connection that lie did not think that if
the expenses of these delegates were
to be paid that the expenses also of
Aid. Pattullo and Mr, Douglas should
oe paid.
Aid. Pattullo said that with respect to Mr. Douglas he certainly
thought his expenses should be paid
if the others were. Mr. Agnew had
also gone down at the request of the
committee and was entitled to re-
numeration.
Aid. Mobley said the Board of
Trade felt that as they had appointed the two named these were the
only ones upon which they could report.
The matter was referred to the
finance committee.
The heightening of the Assouan
dam is expected to occupy six years
in all, and to Increase the annual
value of the Egyptian cotton crop by
between fifteen and twenty million
dollars.
G. T. P. Have Best Appointed Quarters in City of Vancouver
Biitisn Columbia is being praised
for a recent regulation that makes
the use of life-saving apparatus compulsory ln the mines of the province,
says the Toronto Mall and Empire.
The particular appliance made obligatory on mine owners is a machine
to pump oxygen into the mines in
case of accident. Hitherto Germany
has been the only country in the
world where the use of this apparatus was compulsory. At the present
time an agitation is being promoted
to afford better protection for the
miners of Pennsylvania, and Mr.
Roosevelt's recent visit to iome of
the mines is very likely to result in
some plain speaking on the subject
by the ex-president. In the meantime the miners of British Columbia
may be considered to be among the
best protected in the world.
Besides compelling the mine owners to keep the oxygen apparatus on
hand, the British Columbia government Is establishing life-saving stations at several mining centres. At
all of these a number of instructors
will be kept on hand to show employees how to operate the oxygen
apparatus; and from them life-savers
will be despatched to take charge of
rescue work should a mining disaster
occur. The federal government of
the United States maintains five such
stations, their chief function being
the training of miners and mine officials in life-saving devices. As a
result of the Whitehaven colliery disaster ill England the whole subject
of freeing the lives of miners from
some of the perils that now beset
them was discussed in the House of
Commons.
The toll of dead and wounded in
the mines in the old country is as
great as that from any disease, even
tuberculosis. In 1908, the last year
for which official statistics were
available, there were no fewer than
1,345 miners killed and 143,258
wounded. Nevertheless, Mr. Winston
Churchill was able to show that the
list of fatalities had been more than
cut in half In 28 years. In 1880 it
stood at 2.97 per thousand; and in
1908 it was only 1.32 per thousand.
The average for the past five years
has been only 1.2 5 per thousand.
These figures compare favorably with
those of the United States today. The
French rate Is less-than 1.00 per
thousand, and the Belgium rate exactly 1.00. Prussia, despite compulsory oxygen apparatus, is about half
way between England and the United
States.
It costs four lives to mine 1,000,-
000 tons of coal in England, compared with nine thirty years ago, but
Mr. Churchill believes that the rate
should be still further reduced. His
idea is that there should be compulsory drill In mines, something like
the fire drill in schools. There also
should be proper rescue apparatus
and trained rescue parties. To quote
from, his speech: "There would be
very little advantage in men who understood the appliances going down
into mines with which they were acquainted, and there would be very
little advantage in men who knew
the mine using the appliances for
the first time. It is therefore necessary to set on foot a system of rescue
parties in every mine to be trained
at regular periods In the use of those
appliances and in other matters essential to rescue work."
The Inspection of coal mines is a
farce, according to the home secretary; and one of the discouragements
a zealous inspector meets with is the
general     indifference  of  the  miners
emselves. Though one out of every
six in Injured each year, the men's
familiarity with danger causes them
to be amused at the anxiety of outsiders Moreover, in many mines the
operatives are pair by piece work.
They are supposed to do their own
imbering as they advance Into the
seam. If, however, they choose to
skimp this part of the work, they
have more time to spend on the really productive operation of getting the
coal into the breakers. They feel
that If they are willing to take
chances, it is nobody's business.
Clinging to this idea, they are apt to
regard those who would befriend
them as enemies. Such disasters as
that at Whitehaven seem almost
necessary to clear away the obstacles
to reform.
The G. T. P. in its work on this
coast has shown that it wants nothing but the best in all ines. In Seattle the new wharf put in and accessories equipped by the company is
the best in that port. In Victoria
similar plans have been carried out.
With respect to the city offices in
Vancouver the News-Advertiser says:
The new office of the Grand Trunk
Pacific at 527 Granville street was
opened yesterday. The new office is
the finest ticket office in the city, and
will compare favorably with any on
the Pacific coast.
The office is divided by large oak
counters Into three divisions. The
section toward the front Is occupied
by 'the city ticket agent, Mr. H.
Smith and his assltsants. The two
other sections are occupied by the
local freight agent of the G. T. P.
and the Canadian Express company.
All the furniture is new, and only
the books and correspondence were
taken from the old office. The counters, which are large and heavy, are
made from quarter-sawed oak. The
walls are finished in burlap and
metal shingles cover the ceiling. The
floor is covered with a linoleum imitation of hardwood. At the base of
the counters marble blocks are placed
to prevent the wood from being
scratched or damaged.
Among the fittings of the new office that will create great admiration
is a set of twenty-eight pictures,
mounted in handsome frames, showing popular scenes along the line of
the new transcontinental road. A
great deal of literature pertaining to
the country traversed by the Grand
Trunk Pacific is kept for the benefit
of prospective passengers.
 0	
NEW MEDITERRANEAN
The Westholme
Lumber Company, Ld.
We carry the largest stock of
Building Supplies in the North.
Quotations given on short notice in all lines.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Shingles and Lath
Mouldings and Cases
Doors and Windows
We handle Plaster and Lime at reasonable prices
Get our quotations for all classes of buildings.
FIRST AVENUE
OFFICE AND
WAREHOUSES
The world uses at least one hundred and seventy thousand million
matches yearly.
Earl  Grey's  Opinion  of  Hudson  Bay
An Optimistic
One.
The   Governor  General   Experienced
Splendid Conditions in  the
Vast Inland Sea
Earl Grey4 telegraphed to the secretary of state his story of the trip
through Hudson Bay and straits. The
telegram came by wireless from some
point in Labrador. The governor-general tells of a delightful expedition,
and also of good land areas which
should be worth prospecting for minerals.
For some distance on his way overland from Lake Winnipeg the country was rocky though a large area of
good land lies to the north and becomes plentiful as Oxford Lake is
approached. Along Knee Lake and
from there to the bay the soil is deep
consisting of clay and clay-loam.
Extensive schists that may be mineral-bearing and that are certainly
worth prospecting occur on upper
Etchimamis, Oxford Lake, and Knee
Lake, appearing to extend to Peep-
stone and across the lakes,
The governor-general was met by
at Nelson harbor. The run to Fort,
the government steamer Earl Grey
Churchill was most enjoyable. He
described summer sailing on "the
Mediterranean of Canada" as quite
as pleasant as on the Mediterranean
of the Old World.
Part of the despatch Is as follows:
"The object of the governor-general's journey, as given by himself, is
to explode the theory of the frozen
north, and to add another chapter to
the history of northern travelling.
Earl Grey wanted to see in primeval
state, for himself, the route from the
northwest to the sea over which a
fur trade has been carried for two
centuries and a half. Two years hence
the canoe will cease to he the vehicle
of travel, for the Canadian government is driving a railroad through.
"On August 8 at Norway House,
farewell was taken of civilization,
and the viceregal party embarked in
twelve canoes with twenty-four Indians to wield the paddles and
mounted policemen to form an escort, with a cook and two servants,
all under command of Major Moodie,
of the Northwest Mounted Police.
The journey to Hudson Bay occupied
twelve days, and the routine established on the first day was maintained throughout.
"After two days on the Nelson
River the flotilla slipped into the
Etchimamis River, a small and
swampy stream. This was followed
to its head at Painted Stone Portage,
where the canoes and supplies were
carried overland to the Hayes River,
which was followed straight down to
Port Nelson, on the Hudson Bay.'
1    "On August 12 the flotilla swung
□
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£
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a a
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SHERWIN & WILLIAMS
PAINTS
COVER THE EARTH.
WE   ARE   SOLE   AGENTS
CARLOAD JUST ARRIVED
Ready Nixed Paints,
Paints Ground in Oil,
Paints Ground in Japan,
Varnishes, Shellac, etc.
Water Stains
and
Decotint
IN ALL, COLOUS
i
£
£
£
£
£
£
|
°
a
£
I
lol
p
£
£
P
I
I
Prince Rupert Hardware & Supply  [|j
Company, Ltd. thos. dunn. m,   '   \n\
M
^^^^^^SMiWM^^EELW^,^^^^^^.
1836 1910
The Bank of
British North America
A strong British Bank,   with
connections throughout the World
Municipal Notice
TENDERS  FOR  POLES
ESTABLISHED IN ISM
Paid Up Capital,
Reserve Fond   -
M.88MM
12^30,666
The Bank has Branches distributed throughout all of Canada,
and offices in London, Eng., New
York and San Francisco.
Special care given to Savings
Accounts, which may be opened at
all Branches with deposits of one
dollar and upwards.
Accounts of Firms, Corporations
and Individuals carried on the
most favorable terms.
Prince Bnpert Branch—
E. STONHAM, MaaaQcv.
Sealed tenders will he received by
the City Clerk up till 12 o'clock noon,
September 20th, for supplying Three
Hundred Cedar Poles for Electric
Light Line. Poles to be 35, 40 and
4 5 feet in length. Specifications may
be seen at office of City Engineer.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
ERNEST A. WOODS,
S13-16 City Clerk.
NOTICE  TO CONTRACTORS
up to the Oxford House. Twelve
canoes and a long line of Indians at
the Hudson Bay post tired a fusllade
of welcome. An address was presented by the Indians to the governor-general, who expressed great satisfaction to lind this Indian community so prosperous.
"York Factory was reached next
cloning in a heavy rum and here the
Indian rifles were supplemented in
their welcome by two old nlne-
pounders, which were blazed away
as fast as they could be reloaded.
"Next evening tbe flotilla '-lipped
Into the. water of Hudson Bay at
Port Nelson. The first craft righted
was a Canadian government schooner bearing a party of engineers making a survey of the approaches to this
port, which will ltkelv b-i the terminus of the Hudson Hay railroad.
"On the morning of the 21st the
anchor was raised and the steamer
moved up the coast to Fort Churchill,
where the Hudson Bay steamer Pelican wan found starting for home, and
the run to and through the Hudson
Straits was made without Incident,
the weather being line and no ice being seen."
Americans are the greatest peanut
eaters In the world—they would be,
even If there were no circuses. In
1907 and 1908 Japan exported 17,-
000,000 pounds of peanuts, and the
United States took nearly all.
Graham  Island  School
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
'Tender for Graham Island School,"
will be received by the Honourable
tho Minister of Public Works up to
and including Monday, the 10th day
of October, 1910, for the erection and
completion of a small one-room
school building at Graham Island,
one of the Queen Charlotte Islands,
Skeena  Electoral  District.
Plans, specifications, contract and
forms of tender may be seen on and
after the 12th day of September,
1910, at the offices of John L. Barge,
Secretary to the School Board, Queen
Charlotte City; the Government
Agent, Prince Rupert; the Mining
Recorder, Jedway; and the Department of Public Works, Victoria.
Each proposal must be accompanied by an accepted bank cheque
or certificate of deposit on a chartered bank of Canada, made payable
to the Honourable the Minister of
Public Works, for the sum of $125,
which shall bo forfeited If the party
tendering decline to enter Into con-
trai „ when called upon to do so, or
if lie full to complete the work contracted for. The cheques or certificates of deposit of unsuccessful tenderers will lie returned to them upon
the execution of the contract.
Tenders will nol be considered unless made out on the forms supplied,
signed with the actual signature of
the tenderer and enclosed ln the envelopes furnished.
Thi' lowest or any tender not
necessarily accepted.
F. C. GAMBLE,
Public Works Engineer.
Public Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., September 7,  1910
EXAMINATION    FOB    INSPECTOR
OF STEAM BOILERS AND
MACHINERY
Examinations for the position of
Inspector of Steam Boilers and Machinery, under the "Steam Boilers
Inspection Act, 1901," will be held
at the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, commencing November 7th,
1910. Application and instruction
forms can be had on application to
the undersigned, to whom the former
must be returned correctly filled in,
not later than October 24th, 1910.
Salary $130 per month, Increasing at
the rate of $5 per month each year
to a maximum of $180.
JOHN PECK,
Chief Inspector of Machinery,
New We-:minster, B.C. THE   PRINCE   RUPERT  JOURNAL
Friday, September 16, 1910.
First Lots Now Offered For Sale
A chance of a lifetime to get in on the ground floor. This is your opportunity to invest in the first real inland townsite put on the
market by the G.T.P. Railway
THE FIRST DIVISIONAL POINT EAST OF PRINCE RUPERT
ELLISON
Is the natural supply point (or the
great and wealthy mineral belt of
that district. Coal, Silver, Lead,
Gold and Copper have been located in
large bodies that are rich in ore.
These are all waiting (or transportation, when the mining camps will
flourish.
; ELLISON is the first passenger and freight divisional
point east of Prince Rupert.    It will be an important
; Grand Trunk Pacific town with a population of several
thousand before long.   ELLISON is just east of the
fruit belt of Northern B.C.     ELLISON Townsite is a
i>
natural beauty spot.     It is in the dry belt and the
climate is unsurpassed.
ELLISON
Is situated on the banks of the
Skeena River, one hundred and
seventy-two miles east o( Prince Rupert. Ellison is the natural hub of
the Buckley Valley, (the garden o(
Prince Rupert). The land here has
proven this to be rich (or (arming.
Two Hundred and Fifty Lots are Already Sold
PRICES FROM $250 TO $400
TERMS:
One-Fifth down and 4 Semi-Annual
Payments at 7 per cent, per annum
i
Naps and full particulars can be had from
C. D. Newton
Agent, Prince Rupert
F. E. MitcheU
Financial Agent, Victoria
y
ESI
L

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