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Prince Rupert Journal May 30, 1911

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Array Hew WcUlaftn
Coal
is tbe best
ROGERS & BUCK
Sole Agents
Ptbxct Jtaeri
High Class
Job Printing
in all Lines
VOLUME 1
Published Twice a Week.
PRINCE RUPERT,  B.  C„ TUESDAY, MAY 30, 1911.
Price,   Five  Cent*.
No. Vf. j g°
C.T.P. PARTY COMING
HERE NEXT WEEK
Charles M. Hays and Other Officials are to Arrive on
Wednesday and Will go Into Conference With
the City Council on the Natter of Arranging a Settlement as to
Taxation.
Charles M. Hays, president of the
Grand Trunk Pacific, E. J. Chamberlin, vice president and general
manager, D'Arcy Tate, solicitor and
other officials of the company will
reach here next week. According to
a message received by Mayor Man-
son, the party will leave Vancouver
on Monday, reaching here Wednesday by the Prince Rupert. They
have asked to have a conference
with the council arranged, when the
question of taxation can be gone
into. His Worship, tlie mayor, has
replied, expressing the readiness to
meet and consult on the part of the
council.
It had been reported that Mr.
Hays and party would be here on the
next trip of the Prince George, but
apparently they have not been able
to arrange to do that.
General Superintendent Mehan
has the line in shape and already is
actively engaged In the ballasting of
the road as far as the rails have
been laid preparatory to giving a
service as soon as the government's
sanction is obtained. In the piean-
time the company is handling their
own freight and that of Foley, Welch
& Stewart.
The officials from the head office
will make an inspection of the road
at least as far as the rails are laid.
The visit of the party is of special
interest to Prince Rupert in view of
the fact that it means the taking up
of the question of taxation with a
view to a settlement being reached.
A basis of negotiation is in existence
in that reached between the council
and h Arcy Tate some months ago.
WILL DEVELOP POWER
FOR MUNICIPALITY
Engineer of Seattle Reports Upon Method by Which the
City Could Have Source of Electric Supply From
Lake Woodworth in Conjunction
With the Other
Scheme.
(Continued on Page Eight)
AN INVESTIGATION
Engineer's Department at City Hall is to
be Looked Into by Committee.
Aid.  Xewton Lends an  Attack upon
That  Part of the
Staff
On a recommendation made by
the streets committee last evening to
adjust the city engineer's department, as agreed upon at the special
meeting of the council, by increasing
the salary of Mr. Lucas to $200 instead of making it $175, as recommended by the engineer in his report
and some other slight changes, there
arose a general discussion of the department in which Aid. Newton took
a very prominent part in crmiticis-
Ing the work done then.
On the motion to adopt the report,
Aid. Newton said he still was of the
same opinion as he was at the committee meeting. He did not favor
the increasing of any salaries until
the matter was looked into with a
view to seeing if some curtailment
could not be made. He moved an
amendment that any increase in salary be held over until a committee
had an opportunity to investigate.
Aid. Douglas seconded the motion. Since this had been put through
the committee, he had learned, more.
There was a lot of dissatisfaction
with the engineering department.
He complained of the inside and the
outside departments being dilatory.
Would Stand by Engineer
lAd. Kirkpatrick said that he felt
that in the matter of salaries for
the engineering department he
should not care to increase the salaries above what the engineer recommended.
Aid. Morrissey said that citizens
felt that the council should go slowly.     This  came  from  business men
Silt WILLIAM GILBERT DIES   *
(Special to The Journal) *
LONDON,  May  30.—Sir WU- *
Ham S.  Gilbert, British author *
and  writer  of  comic  opera  li- *
brettos, died here on Monday. *
who would be slow to vote money if
expenditures were not guarded.
Aid. Hllditch said that he was
elected to enlighten the ratepayers.
After going into the situation at the
city hall. Hhe had been able to
explain to every citizen that he met
who complained of the expenditure
of the engineering department that
the cost here was not exorbitant.
The work was being done more economically than In any other city.
Aldermen Clash
Aid. Newton said he had studied
the matter at some length. Going
Into the history of the move relative
to dealing with  the    proposed    in
creases in the engineer's department.
He said that when he suggested the
reference of this to the finance committee it was opposed by Aid. Clayton, who was fearful that the report
might not be to his liking.
Aid. Clayton, on a question of
privilege, said he made the move he
did because he felt some of the finance committee were not competent
to deal with it.
Aid. Newton said he was ready to
pit himself against Aid. Clayton at
any time. He then proceeded to detail the reasons why he was not In
accord with the engineer's department. He referred in this line to the
absence of retaining walls until the
fills were partly made. The engi
neer should also have been In a position to set the best grade for Third
avenue. The electric lighting had
been bungled. Citizens were left to
"wallow in the darkness all last
winter. There was no reason why
the lanes should not have been used
for the pole lines. The engineer's
department was to blame for disfiguring the main avenues. The engineer now had wisely come to agree
with those who advocated a rock
crusher. He (Aid. Newton) raised
the point that the reservoir should
be gone on with. He was voted
down. Now the engineering department had come to that view. He was
not going to be one to take steps to
(Continued on Page Five.)
ASSISTANT  CHIEF
New Appointment on the Fire Department is Proposed by
Council.
there Will Be a Reduction in Num.
her of Cull Men and in
• the Pay
The fire committee reported that
Mr. McDonald, who had been connected with the Rossland department, should be engaged as assistant
chief, at $12!> a month, and that the
call men should be reduced from six
to four, the pay being fixed at $10
each a month, instead of $25. The
total increase under this arrangement would be only $10 a month.
Aid. Newton asked why the increase was proposed.
Aid. Smith said it was due to the
fact that the fire chief had recently
been made building inspector. The
call men under the present condition, with no efficient alarm system,
were not of great value. This small
increase it was felt would add to the
efficiency. The call men would be
reduced from $25 to $10.
Aid. Douglas wanted to know why
the pay of the call men was reduced.
Aid. Kerr said the call men slept
at the fire hall. They got fine sleeping quarters and were available for
night work. They did not do much
and the men would be satisfied, he
felt, with the conditions.
The report was adopted.
The report of R. H. Thomson, city
engineer of Seattle, has been received by Mayor Manson ,and is now
in the hands of the council. A cursory examination of it gives the impression that it is very satifactory as
far as the city is concerned. It practically endorses the whole proposition of the city engineer, Colonel
Davis with one exception. Instead of
a twenty-four inch main from the
source of supply to the distribution
system as proposed by Colonel Davis,
Mr, Thomson would substitute an
eigh teen-inch pipe.
He does not explain how he would
supplement this in future when the
needs of the city grow, but it is presumed this would be by duplicating
the main.
A considerable saving is effected
in the cost of pipe in this way and
also a saving is made in placing it.
A population of 30,000, it is estimated, could be cared for by the
altered size of the pipes.
Hydro-Electric
The chief interest in the report
will attach to the hydro-electric
plant it is proposed to put in at
comparatively small cost. By building an inexpensive dam it is estimated that 75 second feet of water
can be effected. The unicipal demands are for nine second feet, so
that a large volume is allowed to go
to waste. Mr. Thomson would utilize
this  to  give  electric  power  to   the
city.
He proposes to have the city
build a small sawmill on the spot
and cut up the timber necessary to
put in a large wooden stave flume
to carry the water for the combined
purposes some distance.
A power of 150 kilowatts could be
developed without interfering with
the needs of the city. This would
represent about S35 horsepower.
The present steam plant gives a 00
kilowatt power while the maximum
capacity of the steam plant is 100
kilowatts.
In utilizing the water power the
fixed charges are put at $31,400 a
year. The gross revenue is $234,100
and the net revenue $100,000. At a
price of ten cents the proposition
could be made to pay, according to
his figures.
Will Make Public
The city engineer is preparing a
report to go with this one from Mr.
Thomson. When that is done the
council will likely have the whole
printed in a convenient form for distribution among the public.
A meeting of the council will be
held on Wednesday night to consider
the report and after a decision is
reached it is probable that steps will
be taken to prepart the by-law and
go to the people With it for their endorsation.
GOING TO LONDON
Hon. W. S. Fielding is to Attend the
Coronation-Has Altered
His Plans.
He   Will  Sail  on  Thursday aud  Return Early in Month
of July
(Special to The Journal)
OTTAWA, May 30.—Hon. W. S.
Fielding, minister of finance, has
changed his plans and instead of going to Nova Scotia for the recess of
parliament, will sail on Thursday
from Montreal on the Royal George
to attend the coronation and take a
holiday.
Mr. Fielding will be accompanied
by Mrs. Fielding and the Misses
Fielding. He will return early in
July.
 o	
A  Rock  Crusher
The council has authorized the
purchase of a rock crusher at a cost
of $1,(00 or $2,232. If the cheaper
type is on hand in Vancouver it
will be secured, otherwise the more
expensive one  will be ordered.
NEW   CONSTITUTION
Hospital Board Decides to Call a General
Meeting to Adopt
Bylaws.
Under It the City Council Will Have
Representation on the Executive
Wants  Dumping Place
Paul Knuffman lias asked permission of the council to excavate his
lot on Third avenue, using (be materia] on the street. This will be
looked Into by Ihe streets committee.-
HAS GOOD COAL VEIN
W. G. McMorris, who is the
executive head of the Britisii
Pacific Coal Company, returned
today from the Queen Charlotte
Islands where he commenced
operations on the holdings of
the company near Queen Charlotte City. He brought over
some fine samples of coal taken
from the vein now exposed.
Under Mr. Archibald, who Is In
charge, a party of men Is working on a slipe In a vein seven
feet In thickness.
Mr. McMorris has come here
to get powder and other supplies In order to push the work
along. He will return by the
first steamer.
The hospital directors met on Friday afternoon and passed upon the
revised constitution preparatory to
calling a general meeting for the
ratification of it. The new constitution is Intended to make the bylaws
similar to those in force in Victoria
and Vancouver and to simplify the
administration of affairs. Under the
new constitution as proposed, the
board wolupd consit of nine members as at present, five elected at the
annual meeting, two named by the
provincial government as by statute,
and two named by the city council.
The directors so appointed would
elect its officers. It would have the
liower to appoint a managing secretary and other officials.
Some discussion arose as to the
question of an honorary president.
The president, D, G. Stewart, was
very strongly in favor of providing
for an honorary president as at present, giving him a vote. In support
of it ne instanced the good work
done by the present honorary president, Mayor Manson,
C, V. Bennetl and 0. II. Nelson
were both opposed to the creation of
a fixed position of honorary president. II was argued that if the
board saw fit it could elei't an honorary president at any time. Those
against the creation of tlie office
preferred to have all the members
provided by the constitution voting
voting members.
The position of honorary president was accordingly done away
with.
HEAVY SUPPLIES
Westliolme    Lumber    Company    Expects Nearly 1,000 Tons
of Freight
When the Ena, of the Canadian
Pacific Railway service reaches port,
being now due, she will bring almost
a complete cargo for the Westliolme
Lumber Company. She brings a
heavy consignment of cement and
full supplies of lumber and shingles.
MAKING READY FOR
THE ACTUAL SETTLERS
Land Clearing of Interior Districts About to Commence
~W. J. Sanders Has His Plant Ready for
Shipment to Copper River Valley
Where he Will Prepare
Fruit Lands
New British Columbia is without
question about to develop into the
richest agricultural section of the
province. There are vast fields in
this country where mixed farming
and where ranching will be followed
with rich returns. The Bulkley Valley, the Naas and many other areas
in the Stlckine and elsewhere In the
northern interior have great inducements to offer to the general farmer.
There are vast fertile areas on the
Queen Charlottes that are able to
serve as the main source of supply
for dairy products and vegetables to
the city of Prince Rupert. The
lower Skeena has its fertile warm
valleys, which will be fruit yielders
in large quantities. In view of the
reports received from time to time
and the result of the experiments
carried on by those who have gone
into these areas there is an era of
agricultural prosperity ahead of the
district of which Prince Rupert is
the centre and great entre pot that
will give it a thick population.
Mention has been made of tho
move which W. J. Sanders is making
with respect to opening up the Copper River Valley in a limited area to
settlement. This is really the first
attempt made on anything like a
large scale to prepare land for the
actual fruit grower. It will mean
much for the district and is undoubtedly but the beginning of a general move to open up the areas
to horticultural pursuits.
Clearing Land
Mr. Sanders has his outfit on the
wharf at present, ready for shipment
(Continued on Page Eight)
IMPERIAL CONFERENCE
(Special to The Journal)
LONDON, May 30.—The Imperial defense committee of the
Imperial Conference with which
is associated the military officials and experts, will continue
Its  deliberations  today.
On Thursday, the Imperial
Conference proper, reassembles.
The Imperial government is
submitting to the conference
the declaration of London affecting naval contraband.
City Auditor
Geo. H. Munro and David Thompson applied for the position of auditor at last evening's meeting of the
city council. On niction of Aid
Newton these were referred to the
finance committee.
Looking After Interests
Among those who reached the city
on the Prince George on her last trip
was Clift Ford, of London, who is
heavily interested in Prince Rupert.
He is here to look over his investments and to decide upon his plans
for the immediate future. Since arriving here, Mr. Ford has been somewhat 111 and has not been able to
get about as much as he would have
liked.
 o	
ARE GOOD FEEDERS
PRODUCER PLANT
Proposition   to  Get   Figures on   This
is Laid Over for a
Week.
Some  Members  of  Council  Opposed
to Any Further Expenditure
Canadian Navy Has Frequent Neal Hours
According to an
Official
Epicureans  Should   Be   Attracted  to
the Service, According to
the Report
(Special to The Journal)
Ottawa, May 30. -Commander
Roper, it. .v., of the naval department, was seen here regarding the
charges made, by Francis -I. Carney
in a Toronto newspaper lo the effect
that the men In the navy were underfed and as a result of which thirty deserted and a mutiny had taken
place on the  Rainbow.
"I am  glad  Mr.  Carney has made
these charges," he said, with a smile.
It shows  people  are.   beginning  io
take a little more interest    in tho
navy."
"Is there any triilh in the report
that the nien are underfed?" he was
isked,
"Aboul that I shall let yon judge,"
replied Commander Roper. "They
have cocoa and biscuits when they
rise at 0 o'clock, breakfast at 8,
dinner at 12, tea at 4:30 and supper
it 7. All meals are good, substantial ones."
Miss McTavish and the nurses of
tbe Prince Rupert General Hospital
will receive on Tuesday evening,
May 30, from 8 to 10.
Last evening the aldermen had
tbe electric lighting matters up for
discussion on reports from the committee in which it. was recommended
that the Initial steps be taken to prepare plans for a gas producer plant
to suppleent the present one. It was
reported that a proposal was made
tei install a gas producer plant for
$28,000 and operate- the same for
three months, This would supply
340,000 kilowatt hours. The present plant was callable of only 75,000
kilowatts. The fuel consumption of
the gas producer would he $5,200 a
year while that for the present plant
was $8,400,
in conjunction with this the council had a petition from P, I. Palmer
and fifty-five others asking that im-
mediate steps be taken to increase
the electric lighting plant in view
of the fact that there were no further  extensions  possible.
Aid.   Hilditch   Opposes
Aid. Hllditch said the light committee was asking for $28,000 for a
gas producer plant. This would call
for a vote from the people. It would
have to be voted upon at the same
time as the people were voting on
a hydro-electric plant, costing $140.-
000, The gas producer plant would
only be used during the following
winter, lie did not think that the
people would vote for it. The gas
producer plant would be useful then
only as an auxiliary. He was in fa-
vor of the hydro-electric power.  The
VETO  BILL  IN  LORDS •
* ,  *
e Special tu The- Journal i
LONDON,  .May  30,    The  Im- *
perial    Government's  veto  bill "
has peisse'ii Its second reading in *
* the house of  lords  without  di- •
* vision,
old electric plant was to give a profit
of $55,1)11(1 a year, whereas it was
now showing a loss of about $350 or
$400  a month. -.   ,4
Aid. Clayton said Aid. Hilditch
had given Information that was a
startler to him In the matter of a
plant estimated to cost $55,000 that-
was to give a profit of $55,000.
That could nol be possible. The
present steam plant cost over $8,000
for coal while the gas producer
plant would cost only about $5,000
giving five times as much electric
fluid.    The engine was to bo taken
(Continued on Page Five.) PRINCE  RUPERT JOURNAL
Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
GERMAN ECONOMICS
Foreign Labor  Becomes More and Nore
a Necessity in That
Conntry.
The   Back-to-tlie-Land  dry  Is   Being
Continually Raised by Those
Concerned
Every spring the organs of the
Agrarian-Conservative party start
an animated discussion concerning
the famine in agricultural districts
as an abnormal feature of Germany's
economic development. That feature
is the fact that over a million foreigners find employment in German
fields and factories, while often as
any natives cannot find employment
at all.
According to the census of 1908,
there were in Prussia alone 780,000
foreign laborers and workmen; and
the rest of the million is made up
by an estimated 250,000 foreigners
in saxony, Baden, Bavaria and other
states whose native labor supply
does not meet the local demand.
The immigrant invasion does not
cease during bad years of employment. It continued when German industry was on the down-grade; when
from 60,000 to 100,000 Berliners
were out of work during part of the
winter. Foreigners usually regard
this invasion as made up only of
field laborers, but that view is
wrong. In 1908 only 309,000 were
engaged in agriculture, whereas
471,000 found employment in industry. Yet neither in agriculture nor
in industry were the labor conditions
satisfactory.
The landowners had not sufficient
laborers; and complaints were heard
of rotting crops; and the industry,
though employing 471,000 foreigners did not sufficiently employ native
Germans, with the result that, especially towards the end of the year,
unemployment in the towns was severe. This trouble exists every year
in a more or less serious degree. It
tenches Germans that no state organization or tariff system can overcome the lack of fluidity in labor,
and the refusal of the unemployed
to be diverted from one branch to
another. The condition is unsatisfactory from a point of view other
than that of the laborless landowners and unemployed urban proletariat. The state itself is threatened through the monopoly of. vital
national industries like agriculture
and mining by casual foreign immigrants.
Mine Marked  Every  Year
Germany's dependence on foreign
labor becomes more marked every
year. Thus, in the three years 1905-
08, the number of immigrant workmen in Prussia alone grew by 336,-
000. In the latter year 342,000
Austro-Hungarlans, 184,000 Russians I mostly poles), 106,000 Italians and 104,000 Hollanders were
employed, not to mention smaller
armies from Belgium and the Balkan
states. The Austrlans and Dutch
increase ost rapidly.
Superficially regarded, both sides
profit from these deals. The immigrants, being usually less civilized
than Germans, nnd less efficient as
laborers, return home improved,
anil they bring with them annually
an estimated $37,500,000. This,
being only $37.50 a bead, is a moderate estimate. The Poles particularly profit. Much of their earnings
go into Polish banks, and in that
way money paid to them by Pole-
hating Prussian landed proprietors
is used to combat Prussian Influence
and  to buy up  Prussian  land.
Germany profits by getting a supply of cheap labor for unskilled enterprises. Tie is enables native Germans io monopolize the better-paid
employments, Despite this profit,
both thoughtful Germans nnd mere
hunters of cheap labor are dissatisfied with Ihe system. The first see
a national peril in tlie. ine-rnesing Invasion. The Immigrants mostly
bring with them lower standards of
life and morals, and they create a
dangerous dependence on foreigners.
If a great war were to break out, It
is admitted that German agriculture
would be doubly paralyzed by tho
withdrawal of the native Reservists
and the drying up of the Austrian
and Russian immigrant supply. The
Russo-Japanese war alone made
trouble in Prussian agriculture; and
even the Balkan crisis of 1909
caused difficulty in recruiting Gali-
cian labor.
In addition to this national peril is_
the class peril of the Agrarians, who
are beglnnig to realize that casual
immigrant labor goes where it is
best paid. America, Denmark and
even France are bidding for the supply. Moreover, owing to the flight
of the native German from the land,
the   increased   supply     of     Russian
Poles and Austrians does not mean
sufficient labor. The demand dur
ing the summer grows greater and
greater; and the larger farmers and
proprietors find it harder and harder
to get a sufficient supply. Thirty
years ago the immigrants came only
a 12-mile wide stretch on the Russo
Polish border; next a Galiclan sup
ply was opened up; later a supply
had to be recruited in remote parts
of the Balkans; and lately a cham
pion of Agrarian interests half se
riously proposed the recruiting of
Asiatic labor on indenture conditions. The problem of getting labor
is, in fact, no nearer solution than
it was when first immigrant labor
was permitted.
The Agrarians carry on a vigorous
campaign in favor of colonizing the
land and keeping on it that part of
the population which has not yet
flown. How far they go may be
shown by the proposal of Dr. von
Kahlden ,a statistician who occupies
himself with the subject in the agri
cultural interest. This gentleman
proposes that Germany should ap
ply to her own subjects laws similar
to those of the United States against
pauper immigrants. The native
peasants should, in short, be forbidden to enter the towns unless they
had "proof of a to some extent se-
e-ured subsistence." This feudal
proposal is superficially justified by
the fact that alongside the demand
for foreign labor towns; but it appears strange in view of the fact that
the first object, of the Agrarians is
to increase the supply of absolutely
pauper labor from Russia and Austria. According to the same good
authority, the state ought by all possible means to interfere to keep
peasants on the land in Agrarian interests.
..-[ present the army is one cause
of urban depopulation. The young
soldier often sees city life for the
first time as conscript; and when
discharged he refuses to return to
the land. One Agrarian demand is
that officers should deliver lectures
to time-expired recruits, recommending them to live in the country. Such
demands are interesting, as illustration of the universal German belief
that it i sthe duty of the state to
supply one's own interest and industry with cheap labor and other
advantages, to the detriment of rival
intreests and industries.
The Agrarian further demand that
young persons should be excluded
altogether from factories, not because this is socially desirable, but
because the excluded employees
would be driven to offer their labor
to the landowners at below its urban
market value.
It is admitted that ordinary means
will not (irevent the general flight to
the great cities, which now contains
exactly twice as large a percentage
of Germany's population as was the
case twenty years ago. Even higher
wages do not stop the process; and
cases are recaeorded where it is impossible to get labor for public work
in the country, although town wages
are offered.
No German Agrarian would be
willing to abate protection in order
merely to see the land repeopled.
Hence, of late, the Agrarian eye
turns towarbds "Colonization," and
other schemes in which the state is
to provide for the landowner a new
agricultural and laboring class at
the cost of the nation as a whole.
In the meantime the flood of immigrant laborers has become such a
feature of the empire's economic life
that special laws and organizations
have- to be framed to regulate it. In
Prussia, and in the majority of other
stales the irnigrants must apply for
"legitimization cards, a measure
designed in part to prevent the reemployment of laborers who have
broken their contracts and left their
employment. This is a frequent oc-
e iiii'ence. Employment agents are
forbidden to find fresh posts for
such.
COST OF LIVING
It was mentioned in ihis paper a
month ago that the average price of
commodities on this continent had
been pretty steadily decreasing since
the beginning of 1910, says the Vancouver News-Advertiser. The index
of prices showed that goods In common use (96 articles) which cost
$9.23 at the beginning of 1910 could
be bought a year later for $8.84, and
in April of this year for $8.52. The
price at the beginning of May now
made up in $8.46—which may be
compared with $9.04 at the first of
May, 1910.
 o	
Hunger, appetite, does not start
from tbe stomach, as all believe and
as you all feel when hungered, but
the call for food really comes from
the fleshes of the whole body, mostly from the liver, it seems, for people who have had to have their
steomachs taken entirely from their
body still have the absent old stom-
If you want the honey
That conies from the  hive
Take up the phone and
Call one, double five.
For Neat Job Printing
see the Journal Man
Tel. 138
 LADYSMITH	
COAL
ROCHESTER & MONROE, Phone 115
Skeena    Land    District—District   of
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE that Freadrlck
Madden, of Seattle, Wash., occupation laborer, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described land:—Commencing at a
post planted about two hundred feet
east of mile 77 on the south side of
G. T. P. Right-of-way; thence west
40 chains following the said Right-
of-way; thence south to bank of
Skeena River; thence east following
the sinuosities of said river until
due south of said post; thence north
to point of commencement, containing 130 acres more or less.
FREADRICK MADDEN.
Thos. L. Fay, Agent.
Dated April 27, 1911.
5-16
Skeena   Land   District—District   of
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE that John Kirkaldy, of Lakelse Valley, occupation
farmer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about 120 chains south
from the south end of Herman
Lake; thence west SO chains; thence
south 80 chains; thence east 80
cliains; thence north 80 chains.
JOHN  KIRKALDY.
Dated April 11, 1911. 5-5
Skeena Land  District—District  of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that I, James Des
Brisay, of Vancouver, canneryman,
intend to apply for permission to
lease the following described foreshore:— Commencing at a post
planted at the mouth of Delkatlah
Inlet, on the south shore; thence
2,000 feet along shore in a southerly
direction including all foreshore between high and low water mark.
Staked January 19th, 1911.
JAMES DES BRISAY,
Thos. L. Fay, Agent.
2-11
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast Range 5.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles
James Gillingham, of Prince Rupert,
-occupation contractor, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted at the
southwest corner of Lot 992 and
marked C. J. Gillingham's N. E.
Corner Application for Purchase; I,
C. J. Gillingham, intend to apply
for permission to purchase 320 acres
of land bounded as follows:—Commencing at this post; thence 80
chains south; thence 40 chains west;
thence 80 chains north; thence 40
chains east to place of commencement.
CiARLES JAMES GILI-INGHAS
Robcert Osborn Jennings, Agent.
Dated  January 5, 1911.
NOTICE   OF   DISSOLUTION
TAKE NOTICE that the partnership heretofore existing between
Joseph E. Merryfield, Prince Rupert, B. C, and Joseph E. McEwen,
of Kitselas, B. C, has this day been
dissolved by mutual consent, and
that Joseph E. Merryfield will carry on the grocery business heretofore
carried on by the firm at Prince Rupert, B. C, under the name of "J. E.
Merryfield," and will collect all
debts due to and pay all debts owing
by the said firm, and that Joseph E.
McEwen will carry on the business
of the partnership heretofore conducted at Kitselas, B. C, under the
firm name of "Merryfield & McEwen," and will collect all debts due to
and pay all debts owing by the said
firm at Kitselas, B, C.
Dated   at   Prince   Rupert,   B.   C,
this 21st day of April, A. D. 1911.
J. E.  MERRYFIELD,
J.   E.   McEWEN.
Witness:
M.   M.  STEPHENS. 5-12
of
Skeena   Land   District—District
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE that Annie Kirkaldy, of Melville, Sask., occupation
married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted 120 chains southwesterly from Herman Lake; thence west
80 chains; thence south 80 chains;
thence east 80 chains; thence north
80 chains, containing 640 acres more
or less.
ANNIE KIRKALDY.
John Klrkaldy, Agent.
Dated May 13, 1911. 5-19
ach growl and yell three times a day
for meals, something like people
having finger pains and pleasures In
a hand that has been cut off for
years.
Skeena   |Laud    District—District    of
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE that William H.
Hargrave, of Vancouver, B. C, occupation banker, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the foi
lowing described lanas:—Commenc
ing at a post planted on the west
shore of Lakelse Lake, and about
iy2 miles distant and in a southwesterly direction from the S. W.
corner of Lot 3982, Skeena Land
District, District of Coast, Range V;
thence west 40 chains; thence south
80 chains, more or less, to the shore
of Lakelse Lake; thence following
the shore of said lake to point of
commencement, containing 160
acres more or less.
WILLIAM  H.  HARGRAVE.
Mancell Clark, Agent.
Dated   20th  March,   1911.
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen  Charlote Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Wirt A. Stevens, of Chicago, 111., U. S. A., occupation civil engineer, intends to
apply for permission to purchase
the following described lands: —
Commencing at a post planted on
the shore of Masset Inlet about one
mile northeast of the mouth of the
Ain River; thence north 80 chains;
thence west 40 chains more or less
to the eastern boundary of T. L.
35413; thence south along the
boundary of T. L. 35413 and
T. L. 35414, a distance of 80 chains;
thence east 40 chains, more or less,
to point of commencement, containing 320  acres more or less.
WIRT   A.   STEVENS.
G. S. Mayer, Agent.
Dated  Feb.  24th,  1911.
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that James Mul-
lln, of Murdo, So. Dakota, U. S. A.,
occupation farmer, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands: — Commencing at a post planted on the
shore of Masset Inlet, about one
mile northeast of the mouth of the
Ain River; thence west 40 chains,
more or less, to the eastern boundary of T. L. 35414; thence south
60 chains, more or less to the shore
of Masset Inlet; thence northeasterly along the shore to point of
commencement, containing 60 acres
more or less.
JAMES   MULLIN.
G. S. Mayer, Agent.
Dated Feb.  24th,  1911.
Skeena Land  District—District
of Coast.*
TAKE NOTICE that Victor H.
Reynolds, of Hull, Massachusetts, occupation chauffeur, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described land:—Commencing at a post planted at high water
mark on the northerly side of the
entrance to a small unnamed cove on
the west coast of Pitt Island, about
one-quarter mile south of the entrance to Kitkatla summer village;
thence east forty chains; thence
south twenty chains; thence west
forty chains; thence north ten
chains more or less to high water
mark; thence following along high
water mark around the head of the
cove back to the commencement, and
containing sixty  (60) acres more or
VICTOR H. REYNOLDS.
J. H. Plllsbury, Agent.
Dated Feb. 18th, 1911.
Skeena Land District—District
of Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that F. C. Pills-
bury, of Boston, Mass., occupation
civil engineer, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—beginning a*, a
post planted at high water mark on
the northerly end of Pitt Island, on
Ogden Channel, and about 2 miles
southwesterly from Swede Pt; thence
east 60 cliains thence south 40
chains; thence west 50 chains more
or less to high water mark; thence
following along the high water mark
back to the point of commencement,
and containing 240 acres more or
less.
F. C. PILLSBURY,
J. H. Plllsbury, Agent
Dated Feb. 19, 1911.
Prince Rupert Land District—
District of Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that P. McLachlan,
of Prince Rupert, occupation broker,
intends to apply for permission to
lease the following described land:
—Commencing at a post planted
one-third of a mile northerly from
head of Alice Arm, on its Easterly
Side; thence 40 chains northerly;
thence 40 chains easterly; thence 40
chains southerly; thence 40 chains
westerly to place of commencement.
PETER  McLACHLAN.
Thos. L. Fay, Agent.
Dated 2nd Feb., 1911.
Skeena   Land   | District—District   of
CoEist—-RcinffQ V
TAKE NOTICE that Alice Munro,
of Vancouver, B. C, occupation
married woman, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the west
shore of Lakelse Lake, and about
1% miles distant and In a southwesterly direction from the S. W.
corner of Lot 3982, Skeena Land
District, District of Coast, Range V;
thence west 40 chains; thence north
40 chains; thence east 60 chains,
more or less, to the shore of Lakelse
Lake; thence following shore of
said lake to point of commencement,
containing 200 acres, more or less.
ALICE MUNRO.
Mancell Clark, Agent.
Dated  20th March,  1911.
GRAHAM ISLAND — "The surest
sign of the progress of a town or
district is its newspaper—live, active, hustling." "The Masset Re-
vler," Mauet, Q.O.e
For Sale
155% Acres good land, on South
Bank of Skeena River, 85 miles East
of Prince Rupert by G. T. P. Ry.
with buildings erected thereon, con
taining dwelling, store and post
office.
P. McLACHLAN.
Box 324.
For Sale
160 Acres Alberta land for sale
at $15.00 per acre, or Exchange for
Prince Rupert property; fenced; 40
acres broken; small house; 2 miles
from P. O., being southwest quarter
section 6, township 53, range 9.
P.  McLACHLAN,
P. O. Box 324     Prince Rupert, B. C.
Wanted
A live, active Real Estate Partner,
with some capital, to take half-
interest in company handling Real
Estate, Insurance and Manufacturing Agencies. Party to take full
charge of office in Prince Rupert, as
I am soon to leave for the Interior
for the summer. Apply to
G. W, ARNOTT
Drawer 1539 Prince Rupert
The Thompson
: Hardware Co.
—Second Avenue—
Paints. General Hardware,
Oils, Stoves and Ranges.
Prince  Rupert   Private   Detective
  Agency 	
N. McDonald, Manager
All kinds of legitimate detective work
handled for companies and individuals.    Business strictly confidential.
P. O. Box 893 — Phone 210
WM. S. HAL,h, L. D. S. D. D. S.
:-:   DENTIST   :-:
Crown and Bridge Work a specialty.
All dental operations skillfully
treated. Gas and local anaesthetics
administered for the painless extraction of teeth. Consultation free.
Offices, Helgerson 3k., Prince Rupert
NICKERSON-ROERIG COMPANY
CUSTOMS AND MERCHANDISE
Brokers, Forwarding Agents,
Storage, etc.
J.  W. POTTER
ARCHITECT     AND     STRUCTURAL
ENGINEER
Re-inforced Concrete a Specialty
—o—
Law-Butler Building - Prince Rupert
HAYNOK   BROS.
FUNERAL   DIRECTORS
and
PROFESSIONAL  EMBALMERS
DR.   W.  B.  CLAYTON
DENTIST
—o—
Office  in    the    Westenhaver   Block
Over  Orme's Drug   Store.
Prince Rupert
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE, that I, Minnie
Meredith, of Victoria, B. C, occupation a married woman, Intend to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands:—Commencing pt a post planted about 40
chains distant and in a South direction from the Southeast corner of
Lot 1733; thence east 40 chains;
thence south 40 chains; thence west
40 chains; thence north 40 chains
to point of commencement, containing 160 acres more or less.
MINNIE   MEREDITH.
John Kirkaldy,
Agent.
Dated  February  20th,  1911.
Skeena Land District—Destrlct
of Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that Joseph Edward Merryfield, of Prince Rupert,
occupation merchant, Intends to apply for permission to lease the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 10 chains
north from the northeast corner of
Lot 33; thence west 1500 feet to
shore of Smith's Island; thence following shore In a southerly direction
1200 feet; thence east to shore of
De Horsey Island; thence following
shore In a northerly direction to
point of commencement.
JOSEPH EDWARD MERRYFIELD.
E. Spro, Agent.
Dated April 4, 1911. 4-7
New Knox Hotel
ARTAUD & BESNER
Proprietors
The New Knox Hotel is run on the
European plan. First-clas service.
All the latest modern Improvements.
THE BAR keeps only the best
brands of liquors and cigars.
THE CAFE is open from 6.30 a.m.
to 8  p.m.    Excellent cuisine;   flrst-
class service.
Board, $1 a Day — Beds, 50c and up
FlrBt Avenue   Prince Rupert
GRAND HOTEL
WORKINGMAN'S HOME
25c
Rooms 50 Cents
Spring Beds, Clean
White Sheets
Best in Town for the Money
FIRST AVE. AND SEVENTH ST.
J. Goodman, Proprietor
THE WESTHOLME LUMBER GO.
LLMITED
We handle all kinds of
Building Supplies
First Avenue Telephone 188
Corner Eighth and Fraser Street!
Clinton Rooms
Newly    remodelled    and    furnished.
Board   and   lodging.   Home cooking
a  specialty.     Mrs.   Anderson,  Prop.
Rooms, $3 Per Week
The Roland Rooms
Splendid Accommodations
Newly Furnished
Hot baths;   r.ght down town;   good
table board all round
RATES, FIFTY CENTS AND UP
LINDSAY'S CARTAGE & STORAGE
G. T. P. CARTAGE AGENTS
Office at H. B. Rochester, Centre St
LADYSMITH COAL
Is handled by us.   All orders receive
prompt attention.  Phone No. 68.
Skeena   Land    District—District   of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that I, Roy,
Chrisnian, of Port Essington, B. C,
occupation prospector, intend to apply for permission to lease the following described land:—Commencing at a post planted about five
miles distant and in a southwesterly
direction from the point at the entrance to Captain Cove, Petrel
Channel, and on the northeast side
of McCauley Island; tlience west 20
chains; thence south 40 chains;
tlience east about 20 chains to shore
of Petrel Channel; thence northerly
along shore line of Petrel Channel
to point of commencement and containing eighty acres more or less.
ROY CHRISMAN.
Dated April 11, 1911. 4-25
Skeena   Land   District—District   of
Coast—Range V.
TAKE NOTICE that W. H. Ferguson, of Prince Rupert, B. C, occupation civil engineer, intends to apply for permission to purchase tho
following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about one
mile southerly, following the sinuosities of the shore line from the
southwest corner of Lot 104, Range
V; thence 20 chains west; thence 20
chains south; thence 20 chains west;
thence 20 chains south; thence 20
cliains west; tlience about 40 chains
south; tlience along shore northerly
to point of commencement.
W. II. FERGUSON.
G. Hansen, Agent.
Dated April 22nd, 1911. 4-25
Skeena Land District—District of
Coast
TAKE NOTICE that F. T. Saunders, of Vancouver, occupation master
mariner, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following
described lands:— Commencing at a
post planted about 6 miles northwest of Love Inlet on the north
east shore of Pitt Island; thence
south 20 chains; thence west 40
chains; thence north to shore;
thence following shore In a southeasterly direction te point of commencement , containing 80 acres
more or less.
FRANK TAUNTON SAUNDERS,
Locator.
W, Hamilton, Agent.
Staked 17th, Feb., 1911.
Skeena Land District—District ot
Queen Charlotte Island.
TAKE NOTICE that Robert Fraser Ogllvie, of Vancouver, occupation banker, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the folowlng
described lands:—Commencing at a
poat planted about 2 miles west of
the southwest corner of A. P. 12-
037; thence east 80 chains; thence
north 80 chains; thence west 80
chains; tlhence south 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
ROBERT FRASER OGILVIE.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated Dec. 9, 1910. Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
lawiftitftiiftitftiiftiwtfti!
tftwwwwwKaiftik
GRAND TRUNK PACIFIC
TOWNSITE
w
ELLISON
The only Main Line Town-
site in British Columbia in
which the Grand Trunk
Pacific Railway Company
has announced its joint
ownership.
ELLISON
SEE THE OFFICIAL MAP.—The
first glance will show you that
ELLISON Is located at the junction
of the Skeena River and the Bulk-
ley Valley. The Grand Trunk
Pacific has announced that they are
joint owners in the townsite of Ellison. Now, my dear reader, you must
remember that up to date the Grand
Trunk Pacific has not announced
that it has any interest in any other
main line towsite in British Columbia. Does that start you thinking?
 o	
STUDY THE MAP and you will
find Ellison is where the railway tracks leave navigation. That
fact is a very important one for conservative investors to think over.
What is known as the Hazelton district covers a territory many miles
in extent in every direction radiating from the townsite of Ellison.
Mining machinery, ore shipments,
smelters, reduction plants and all
sorts of mining operations starting
up in this rich mineral region, must
necessarily have a metropolis, a
HUB, a headquarters. If any sane,
conservative man can figure out any
other spot except Ellison for the hub
ef the great commerce of this district, his plan should be very inter
esting to the Grand Trunk Pacific
officials. It does seem as though
these officials, after several years of
investigation and engineering,
would know just what they were doing when they put their official
stamp on Ellison.
 o	
STUDY THAT MAP.—I desire to
say to all parties who are talking townsites in the vicinity ut Skeena River and the Bulkley Valley
that there will no doubt be several
small towns, just the same as one
always finds in a mining district.
There will be towns in the vicinity
of Ellison along branch railways,
probably towns at the ends of branch
lines made to serve the mines and
the collieries, but it will be history
repeating itself in regard to the
building up of every metropolis.
Ellison has every natural advantage,
has every earmark of being the future mercantile and financial center of the Skeena River mining district and the entrance to the Bulk-
ley Valley.
STUDY THAT MAP and you will
find that all of the mining
towns and railroad towns around
there just beginning to    be    talked
about will only be feeders to the
city and port of ELLISON. The
Grand Trunk Pacific has put its
official stamp on Ellison. Do you
believe the company will do as much
for townsites owned by individuals
as it will for one in which its stockholders are joint owners? If you
do, don't buy any lots in Ellison. If
you desire to make a permanent investment, or merely to make a little
quick money, you must decide for
yourself right now. Do you propose
to follow the individual townsite
promoters or the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company.
 o	
STUDY THAT MAP.—If you desire to put your money into a
real estate promoter's townsite you
will have many, many opportunities
this summer. The average promoter
is full of hurrah and red fire. He
must enthuse investors of the mail
order class with his wares, ELLISON is in the Missouri class. Therefore, I am not telling any fairy
tales about it. I,am making statements that can be readily verified.
STUDY      THAT      MAP.—If      you
want to join that great army of
invest ors-at-long-range,     then     you
should put your money into promoters' townsites. If you want a perfectly safe and sound investment,
certain to bring you large profits,
then put your money where the
Grand Trunk Pacific, after years of
careful investigation, have put their
money.
STUDY THAT MAP.—It is not
likely the Grand Trunk Pacific
will have any other townsite in British Columbia for sale this year. The
officials of the company state that
the company is not interested in any
townsite in the Hazelton district
with  the exception  of ELLISON.
ELLISON is on the bank of the
Skeena at its confluence with
the Bulkley. You may change railway surveys; you may change the
location of towns along the line of
road, but you cannot change the
geography of the country through
which the railway passes. The head
of navigation necessarily means an
important townsite. Ellison will
not only be at the head of navigation but the center of a mining district wonderful in its resources that
is   now   being   opened   up,   and   for
which Ellison will be the Bhipping
point both by rail and water. The
fact that trains may change engines
up or down the line or in the suburbs of the town of Ellison does not
amount to shucks in building up a
town when such places are compared with a town located where
rails and navigation meet.
 o ■
STUDY THAT MAP.—You will
find on the official plan of Ellison that a large part of the town-
site has been reserved for future
sales, the same as the company has
done with certain sections of Prince
Rupert townsite. There are, therefore, at this time, comparatively
few lots on the market. You must
hurry if you want one.
 o	
STUDY THAT MAP.—ROGERS'
ADDITION to Ellison, only a
small parcel of land, lies within
eight blocks of the site of the railway station. Lots in this are being
offered. I am advising my clients
to buy Rogers Addition lots at $150
for inside lots and «z50 for corners.
Terms—10 per cent discount for
cash, or 10 per cent down and the
balance on easy  terms;  no interest.
w
ffl
LOTS IN ELLISON TOWNSITE AND ROGERS ADDITION FOR SALE
PRINCE RUPERT
British Columbia
^WWWWWWWM!
JEREMIAH H. KUGLER
Offices-2nd Avenue
Facing Grand Trunk Terminal
iwwwwwRawwi^
FOREST RANGERS
Province Has Taken   Steps   to
Proper Protection of the
Timber Wealth.
Have
Efficient  Patrol   Is  to  Be   Kept  up
Throughout the Various Districts This Summer
The forestry department of the
provincial department of lands has
been virtually completed, and its administration under the new and
practical commission method inaugurated.
The work of forest conservation
and bush fire fighting, as anyone in
touch with the related conditions
must have long since discovered, and
as the investigations and report of
the forestry commission plainly attested, has in British Columbia attained such proportions that its administration by any one man effectively has become out of the question. The minister responsible has,
therefore, acted the part of wisdom
in placing forest protection matters
In the hands of an expert commission, which will include Mr. W. C.
Gladwin, last year's chief forest
ranger; Mr. M. A. Grainger, who acted as secretary to the recent Royal
Commission; and Mr. W. H. McGregor, who has just arrived from
Toronto, where he has for some
years past been attached to the Ontario department of forestry.
Commissioners Gladwin and
Grainger have been busily employed
in the selection and assignment of
the forest protective staffs for the
present season, the province for fire
fighting purposes being divided into
eight districts or divisions, each of
whicn will be presided over by a divisional warden and district inspector, with a sufficiently numerous
staff of selected men to successfully
cope with fires as they may, and
doubtless will arise.
^s indicative of the rapid growth
of the forest protection work in British Columbia, it may be noted that
while five years ago the appropriation for the service by the provincial
legislature was  limited  to    $7,000,
this allotment had last year grown
to $180,000; and while but five
years ago a mere handful of men
were engaged in the protection of
the standing timber of British Columbia against the enemy of fire,
this season no fewer than one hundred and twenty trained woodsmen
will be employed directly by the government, this force inc.uding the officers and men operating from the
departent's special fleet of launches.
It will be remembered that during
the late session oi the local house,
announcement was made that comprehensive laws dealing with the
conservation and protection of the
forests would next year be enacted,
and in this connection the present
year s operations will, therefore, be
chiefly directed, in the first place,
to affording all possible systematic
protection as against fire, and secondarily to the devising of a comprehensive and workab e permanent
system by which scientific methods
may be provided to minimize the annua] and degrettable loss through
fire devastation.
The tour upon which Messrs.
Grainger and McGregor are now is
largely for the purpose of ascertaining essential facts bearing upon
these co-related objects.
Incidentally an excellent and practical move has been made this season in starting out a number of the
forest rangers early for the purpose
of having the bare places cleared up
and at the same time persuading
private parties on the ground to cooperate with the government in the
protection of the forests by similar
rational action. And, it is pleasant
to note that loggers and others directly in touch with the situation
have shown a commendable willingness to assist in this direction.
The appointments of the divisional rangers and inspectors, as well as
their subordinates in the service,
will be made public in the near future. Meanwhile the work of forest
protection for the season, which may
now be said to be opening, has already been Inaugurated upon a more
comprehensive and scientific basis
than ever before. While the weather
has been favorable on the whole, it
is at the same time but fair to state
that the precautionary measures
adopted   are  no  doubt  substantially
to be held responsible for the fact
that up to date the 1911 forest loss
by fire is very considerably lower
than in any recent or previous year.
 o —
CORONATION  TROOPS
Distribution of the Forces That Will
Take Part in Ceremonies
Next Month
It is estimated that morethan 52,-
000 troops will be employed in London during the coronation ceremonies. No fewer than 25,000 soldiers
and sailors from every state and dominion in the Empire will line the
route and take part in the royal
procession on Coronation Day. The
various contingents, it. is expected,
will be as follows:
Indian Empire          500
Overseas   Dominions       1,500
Colonies and Protectorates  . .      200
Channel Island Militia         20
Royal   Navy       2,000
Cavalry    2,000
Royal Regiment of Artillery.      elOO
Corps of Royal Engineers  . . .      400
Infantry   10,500
Army Service Corps       150
Royal Army Medical Corps  . .      100
Army Ordnance Corps       100
Arm Ordnance Coryps       100
Military  Cadets          360
Special   Reserve       1,0 00
Territorial   Force       6,000
Various  Departments         180
Total    25,000
The massed bands of the Foot
Guards, Household Cavalry, Royal
Artillery, Royal Engineers, Royal
Marines, and the Royal School of
Music with the hands of single units
will provide 2,000 performers.
 o	
ARCHAEOLOGICAL
DISCOVERY
Prehistoric     Rock     Chamber     Has
Been Found Near Nelson
In the side of a mountain near
the Sheek Creek.gold mining camp,
25 miles soutli of Nelson, B. C,
prospectors report tbe discovery of
a strange subterranean chamber recently, which was undoubtedly
carved out of solid rock by some prehistoric race of people, maybe ten
thousand years ago.
Probably 35 feet square, the walls
of this ttone room are perfectly
plumb and its ceiling and floor are
levell. A wide passage, probably
25 feet long, leads into it. The
dome of this passage is arched and it
appears to have been wrought with
practiced  hands.
From the centre of the ceiling of
the square chamber a shaft been
hewn at. right angles with the surface of the ceiling. This shaft was
maybe five feet square and it apparently had not been complete 1 In
two of its sides had been chiselled
deep grooves, obviouly for the support of wooden timbers that went to
make the steps of a rude stairway,
Other shafts had been started into
the mountain with the main chamber as a sort of hub.
The cave had been occupied by
bears, the prospectors believed.
Bones of animals were found on the
floor. So mysterious did the relict
of  prehistoric  times appear    to  the
explorers that they did not stay long
in it, quitting its damp passage before   their  candles   gave  out.
"British Columbia," said Dr. A.
Judson Eaton, of McGill, one of the
foremost archaelogists in America,
who is in Vanucouver,. "offers the
greatest field in America for archaeological  exploration."
Dr. Eaton had not heard of tbe
finding of the strange cave at Sheep
Creek camp. When it was described
to him, however, he stated that
those interested in the Archaeological Institute of America were aware
of the existence of many such remains throughout the coast of a prehistoric civilization. This particular
find was very likely the remains of
mine workings begun ages ago, maybe by the Cave Dwellers.
Hamblin's Bakery
Just Re-opened
Side    counter    in    MERRYFIELD'S
STORK, Third Ave. and Fifth St.
Family trade catered to.   Will supply restaurants and steamers.
Cakes and  Confectionery of all
kinds
Free Employment
Office
The Journal (twice a week), only
$2.00 a year.
TIDES AT PRINCE RUPERT, MAY, 1911
HIGH WATER
DATE   AND   DAY       fTimol Ht | Time| Ht
LOW  WATER
TimejTlt | Tlme| HT
1 |  Monday |  2:
2 j Tuesday . . . .| 3:
Wednesday . . . ] 4:
Thursday . . . . j 4:
Friday |  6:
7:
9;
10:
11:
11:
0:
0:
1:
1:
2:
2:
3:
3:
4:
5:
3
4
5
0
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Saturday
Sunday . .
Monday . .
Tuesday. .
Wednesday
Thursday .
Friday. . .
Saturday .
Sunday
Monday. .
Tuesday .
Wednesday
Thursday .
Friday. .
Saturday .
Sunday. ,
Monday. .
Tuesday .
Wednesday
Thursday .
Friday . .
Saturday .
Sunday. .
Monday. .
Tuesday. .
Wednesday
31|22
14|22
02|20
58J19
09|18
44|17
08|17
16.17
10J18
56118
6;15:
.0|16:
9il7:
6|18:
1 20:
.3 21:
3 22:
43|17
06122
12
13
lil 3
1114
9il5
6 15
9il6
0 17
0|18
i ia
4 20
4i21:
0J22:
8|22:
7|23:
..112:
2 18:
9|13:
2114:
9|15:
1116:
32119
26 IS
2617
40|17
00|16
14;i7
08|18
62 18
29J19
86 18
18 18.
50 18.
27ll».
05|18.
45|17.
30117.
21J16.
17J16.
20|16.
23116.
20(17.
08J18.
51 18.
31121.
13119.
00119.
47120.
36i20.
28J19.
24119.
(iji 9:
0|j 9:
71110:
0 11:
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4 il:
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llj 4:
«11  5:
"II «
1|| 7
01J 7
7!! 8
3lj 8
8i| 9
2|i 9
8 10:
2 11:
8  ...
07 1
56 2
521 8
58| 4
16,10
40'10
08J 9
16 7
061 6
60 4
28j 3
03 ::
371 2
10
11
19| 3
67 4
41) 5
32| 6
7 1
6,| 2
7|| 3
9|| 4
2| 5
5|| 6
9|j 6
2|| 7
OH 8
7|| 9
1|| 9
02110
21| 9
29|   8
15| 0
02| 0
511   1
.4 21
.3122
6 ..
2 13
2114
216
6 16
M7
7J17
7|18
.1|18
.8119
.8J20
. 112 0:
6 21:
4|21:
2|22:
0123:
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6 14:
0|15:
1|16:
3117:
6|17:
3|18:
5119:
3J20:
7121:
4121:
081 6.9
58J 8.1
591  9.3
13|
32
38
32
16
53j
26|
58|
30|
02
35
10|
521
5.5
6.0
6.1
6.1
6.1
6.2
6.4
6.8
7.2
7.8
8.4
9.0
9.6
43|10.2
40110.5
31   6.7
371
40|
36'
26!
13]
68
421
27|
14|
04
59|
6.9
6.9
6.6
6.2
5.8
5.6
5.7
fi.O
6.6
7.3
8.1
For all kinds of help. Cooks, waiters, dishwashers, hotel porters, all
kinds of laborers or mechanics, call
up 178 or call at the
FREE EMPLOYMENT OFFICE
GRAND HOTEL
Headquarters for Cooks and Waiters
ROGERS & BLACK
Wholesale Dealers In
BUILDING   MATERIAL,     CEMENT,
LIME,   HAIR-FIBRE PLASTER
COKB, BLACKSMITH COAL,
COMMON BRICK, PRBSSBD BRICK
SHINGLES AND LATH
NEW  WELLINGTON   COAL
All   orders   promptly   filled—see   ns
for prices.
PHONE lltl PHONE IIO
The Time used Is Pacific Standard, for the 120th Meridian west. It
Is counted from 0 to 24 hours, from midnight to midnight.
The Height Is In feet and tenths of a foot, above the Low Water datum
adopted for the Chart. The Harbor datum, as established by the Grand
Trunk   Pacific  Railway,  Is  one  fool lower.
NOTICE
"CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF
    PRINCE RUPERT  	
Notice is hereby given that a sitting of the Court of Revision for the
Corporation of the City of Prince
Rupert, B. C, will be held in the
City Hall, Prince Rupert, B. C, on
Monday, June 5th, 1911, at 10
o'clock a. m. for the purpose of haer-
ing complaints against the Assessments as made for the year 1911.
Any person desiring to make com.
plaint against the said Assessments
must give notice in writing, slating
cause of complaint to the Assessor,
at least ten days previous to the sitting of the said Court.
Dated at Prince Rupert, B. O,
May  1st,   1911.
J. C.  McLENNAN,
6-W Assessor." PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
$>riUCC   tttipCrt   3toUWal! adopted  the plan  of    clearing    and
I subdividing, charging    the    settlers
Telephone   138
Published twice ^^^^^^^^^^^
days and Fridays from the office of
publication, Third Avenue, near
McBride Street.
Subscription rate to any point in
Canada, $2.00 a year; to points outside of Canada, $3.00 a year.
Advertising rates furnished on
application.
O. H. NELSON,
Editor.
the enhanced prices for    the    hind,
week  on  Tues-iw'tn satisfactory results.    The same
■*%&j«-
Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
I'll 10
RE-EMPTOR
When the opponents of the McBride Government have no other
criticism to offer it is always safe to
expect that the land policy will
come in for attack. It has been thus
ever since the premier took power
and will likely continue. In large
measure the criticism is unwarranted.
li is the duty of the government
to make provision for "the hardy
settler." The term is used because
those who have followed the politics
of the province for some years past
have become very much accustomed
to the term. We have become accustomed to witness the emotion
shown by the opponents of the government as their hearts warmed towards these settlers always "hardy,"
who were "carving out homes for
themselves" under the most pitiful
conditions.
Now, it is not our wish to take
away from these men who are the
pioneers in the agricultural sections
of the country anything that will
make their lot easier. We would
like to see every encouragement held
out to induce pre-emptors to go upon
the land  and  make homes.
We believe the Provincial Government is solicitous along the same
lines and the policy pursued is one
which proves it. The settler gets
his land practically free. He is exempted from taxation practically.
Large areas are set apart for preemption only. Trails and roads are
provided and schools built, the
teachers being hired by the govern
ment.
The lot of the pre-emptor is i
happy one in the province were it
not for one thing—that is the stump
nuisance. Clearing land In British
Columbia is as a general thing costly. When done under the system of
Individual work with powder it may
mean more than $100 an acre and
slow work at that.
To the man who looks into the
question from a practical standpoint
with his eyes undiinmed by the political tears for the poor pre-emptor,
there is a very strong reason why
pre-emptors are slow to come in,
The intending farmer finds that he
has in the prairies of the Dominion
ail opportunity to start work immediately upon his acquiring the land.
He is able to start li Is plow and reap
from vast fields, getting his returns
within a year of his starting. The
pre-emptor in British Columbia lias
to face altogether different conditions. He has to spend $100 or
more an acre clearing the land of
timber before he can start cultivating the soil. It is a tedious task
and one that requires the settler to
remain out of his money for several
years. It is not to be wondered at
that the average settler takes the
prairie with its allurements in the
way of quick returns.
Ii is true that this province has
attractions in many parts in connection with farming that are. wanting
in the prairies. A more desirable
climate and rich returns from Intensive farming in various branches,
like fruil growing or dairying, are
bound tu leave a greal attraction for
the settlers, many of whom are willing to put up with Ihe hardships
connected with clearing the land,
rather than live away from the conditions found  here.
The despised speculator a term
hard to define because few have not
the. speculative in view even including the "hardy settler"—steps in
and is able to assist in this work.
He is able by the use of machinery
to clear the land very much cheaper
and faster than by the old individual
method. The settler is thus able to
have something approaohlng the
prairie conditions provided, at the
start. The land is cleared, ready
for the planting and the increased
revenue to be obtained more than
makes tho difference In tbe prices
asked. Without some such system
settlement is slow. It was so In the
older parts of the province and will
undoubtedly be so In new British
Columbia. Vancouver Island lands
well adapted for fruit growing and
all branches of agriculture remained
unoccupied for forty or fifty years,
largely because of the difficulty of
clearing.
Tho    Canadian     Paeit'ie:    Railway
onditions will undoubtedly have to
Vie adopted here although in the case
of new Britisii Columbia the cost of
learing is very much reduced.
It is gratifying to know that one
owner of property has started in on
uch a proposition. W. J. Sanders is
going to clear an area adjoining
Copper City and put it on the mar-
ket at a price which will bring it
within the reach of any one desiring
to cultivate it as fruit lands. Others
will have to pursue similar courses
if the best results are to be easrly
attained In connection with the horticultural lands. The cost of clearing in the Skeena is fortunately
much lighter than in the south,
which is an advantage.
The speculator who invests his
capita] in an expensive outfit with
which to clear the land, which
turn is sold to the actual fruit grower or farmer at price which enables
the latter to go on to it and make
money is a benefactor. He is of advantage to the country just as much
as the pre-emptor who goes on to the
land and clears It by his own efforts.
The bringing of the land earlier into
a position to produce under the large
clearing scheme when compared
with tbe slower method, constitutes
a benefit not to be overlooked. If
the land is not he'd at an exorbitant
price by those who do the clearing,
the advantages are all with the farmer who purchases the improved
lands.
On the other band because a man
takes up land under the pre-emption method is no assurance that he
is going to take the best out of the
land and avoid all speculation. In
many instances pre-emptors are
known to hold land only in the hope
of increased value through the improvement of the lands about them
while on their own property only
enough is done to satisfy the law. It
is impossible by act of parliament to
remove the speculative aspect from
the land question.
It is exceedingly satisfactory to
know that there are several syndicates owning land in the promising
valleys of the Skeena that have in
view clearing tlie land ready for cultivation by the small farmer. In the
interests of early settlement and the
consequent development, the city of
Prince Rupert, will welcome all their
efforts. In their own interests the
prospective settlers will welcome the
opportunity being afforded to secure
cleared lands which enables them to
immediately reap returns from them,
To associate such a move with the
landlordism of the old world is claptrap.
ly probable before the additions will
be required the city may be in a
better position  to  bear  the expense.
The point of difference between
the two engineers is not essentially
an engineering point. It is rather a
business proposition where even one
not trained in the profession might
be expected to venture an opinion
quite as ripe as the trained man.
This Is exceedingly satisfactory to
the city for it tends to show that
in Colonel Davis the city has a chief
engineer upon whom it may rely
with confidence. In this the first
proposition that has been submitted
to expert supervision outside of the
city, it has been established that
Colonel Davis was correct in all his
details, the two engineers being
agreed as to the plans for a water
supply.
The question of a power propol-
tion which Mr, Thomson reports
upon is something that will appeal
at once to the citizens. It is something which, while related to the
water supply very directly, yet Is, in
another sense, entirely distinct from
it. When Mr. Thomson broached
the subject to the mayor when in
tbe city, the latter is understood to
have pressed him to go ahead and
report on it feeling that it was something that the citizens should like to
have the fullest information upon.
It will be fully looked into now by
the council with a view to ascertaining all that it means to the city.
ONGIMOIOR'S DEPARTMENT
RECIPROCAL RIGHTS
The report of Mr. Thomson, city
engineer of Seattle, In which he,
passes judgment upon the proposition of a water supply for Prince
Rupert, is now in the hands of the
council. It is gratifying to know
that the report establishes the efficiency of the local engineering staff
In a marked way. The recommendations of Mr. Thomson, if carried out,
would effect a saving in the cost of
the water supply and would by an
additional expenditure bring within
reach a water power proposition for
electrical purposes, the whole cost
for the combined water and power
being very little over the original
figure set by Colonel Davis.
While this is true there can be no
reflection upon the local engineer in
connection with the scheme. The
report of the Seatlle expert bears out
In fact the recommendations of
Colonel Davis In practically every
detail as far as a water supply Is concerned with one exception. Instead
of a twenty-four inch pipe to act as
the main source of supply from the
lake to the city, Mr. Thomson would
put in an elghteen-inch pipe. This
would effect quite a large saving and
Is something which it Is quite probable the citizens will agree with.
The difference is one of business
judgment purely with strong arguments to be put up on either side.
Colonel Davis is very optimistic with
respect to the needs of Prince Rupert and Its growth. He figured ou
a plant to last until the population
reached quite large proportions. Mr.
Thomson figured on meeting the demands of a population of about
30,000 by an eighteen-lnch pipe,
leaving the future population to supplement the system by a second
main probably.
Taking Into view the future there
Is no doubt that the plan of Colonel
Davis Is the cheaper. For the meantime, however when there are many
other propositions pressing upon the
eity, It Is probable that Mr. Thom
son's proposals would be wiser. Although It will not be long, it Is high
VANCOUVER—As foreshadowed
several months ago the Great Northern Railway has definitely abandoned the idea of building a line between Sumas Landing and Hope, a
distance of 38 miles, a link in its
proposed through Vancouver-Koote-
nay route over the Hope Mountains.
Instead it will use the tracks of the
Canadian Northern Railway. Formal
announcement of the arrangement
negotiated by J. J. Hill with Sir
William Mackenzie, president of the
Canadian Northern Railway, was
made by J, H. Kennedy, chief engineer of the V., V. & E. Railway,
who returned from the east Saturday
night. It was deemed unwise to
parallel the gap between Sumas
Landing and Hope with two roads
and a big saving will consequently
be effected.
It is well understood that the
Canadian Northern, at least for the
present, will not build a line between
Port Mann and Port Kells. Mr. Hill
will reciprocate by permitting the
new transcontinental line to utilize
his tracks between Port Kells and
Vancouver.
 o	
A RICH COUNTRY
How C. W. I). Clifford Is "Boosting"
for the Nortli While in
the South
Remember
That we
Import
Our Wines
direct from Europe; and that
no house in Prince Rupert can
equal them for quality. No
better can be bought anywhere
In the Province. We make a
specialty  of
Family Trade
and guarantee satisfaction
We  also   carry  a  complete
stock of other
i
Liquors
Try a glass of
Cascade
Beer
S   market.
"I am told that it will beat the
Kootenays."
It Is in this terse sentence that
Mr. G. W. D. Clifford of Kitselas,
former representative of Cassiar
district in the Provincial Legislature, sums up the outlook for tbe
mineral area of the Skeena River
Valley, says the Victoria Colonist.
"There are many old Kootenay
mining men in there—every one of
them experienced—and they look for
great things," says Mr. Clifford, who
is now in Victoria for the early summer. "That the mountains are
very heavily mineralized is known.
Still, very little prospecting lias been
done, but enough work has gone on
to give an inkling of what is really
there. Up to the coming of the
Grand Trunk Pacific, lack of trans-
portaiion has practically forbidden
an examination of the country, but
this difficulty is being quickly overcome.
"I came down the river aboard the
Hazelton,' 'added Mr. Clifford, "and
when I left it was 80 in the shade.
The water is rising and the boats are
navigating the liver without difficulty."
"The country is only commencing
to be opened up, but the day Is
(liiickly coming when the territory
for at least a couple of hundred
miles east of Prince Rupert will be
one of the best farming areas to be
found anywhere. Up toward Hazelton, vegetables and general farm
produce and the smaller and more
hardy varieties of fruits can be successfully grown.
"From a point, say five or ten
miles above Kitselas, and extending
down river for about twenty miles
or so, there is a strip of land specially adapted for fruit raising—■
particularly apples, cherries and
pears. This tract lies between two
snow belts and I do not know how
far It would extend on either side of
the stream.
"No, there's nothing the matter
with the territory behind Prince Ru
pert.    It onl yneeds settlement   and
CLARKE BROS.
*     Christiansen & Brandt Bid.
Telephone 30       Third Avenue
*
_ , t  *
* * * * * V V * V V *** *»- V V V V * V V ** ** * * *
that's coming. Prince Rupert will
be a big place anyway, and alread
teiere is a market there for what can
be grown in the interior. All that
region will be a feeder for Prince
Rupert—why that alone would make
a populous centre."
 o	
SOUTH POLE SEARCH
The British Columbia Company
LIMITED.
AUTHORIZED CAPITAL $100,000.::   PAID UP CAPITAL $41,500
DIRECTORS:—Reginald C. Brown, President; J. C. Maclure, Vice-
President; H. E. Marks, Managing Director; Capt. E. Nash, William
McNalr, R. A. Bevan, and F.  C.   Williams, Secretary.      :-:      :-:
INTEREST 4 PER CENT. DEPOSITS
This Company acts as Executors, Administrators, Transferees and
Secretaries to Public Companies.    Commercial, Industrial and other
business propositions underwritten.    Issues  made  on  the
London and New York Stock Exchanges.
TIMBER, COAL, LANDS, and
COMPANY ORGANIZATION
Head Office for Canada, 203, 208, 210, 215 Carter-Cotton Bnilding,
VANCOUVER, B.C.
Why Captain Amundsen went
south when everybody believed him
to have gone north, is explained in
a letter to the London Times from
Dr. Nansen. When the discovery of
the North Pole was announced, Captain Amundsen realized that be
could not get the funds to make his
projected expedition a paying ven
ture. He had collected considerable
sums and spent several years
preparation and had either to abandon this expedition altogether, or do
something o fso much public interest
that money would be forthcoming.
So he turned his ship about and
went off to the South Pole—the still
undiscovered portion on the surface
of the earth. He told nobody until
he got to Madeira. Yet nobody, it
seems, has a right to object except
the subscribers, who are getting a
Soutli Pole expedition when they
paid for North Polar exploration.
Apparently no objection has come
from that, quarter. The rivalry with
Captain Scott Is a small matter, and
can excite neither resentment nor
jealousy. The Pole Is to be achieved
by the best equipped and best disciplined men, and whoever is there
first need fear no jealousy from
other parties or nations.
Dr. Nansen says:
"i understand that Captain
Amundsen has been blamed In the
press for not havin gannounced at
an earlier date his Intention of going
to the South Pole before starting on
his long North Polar expedition; the
opinion being, as far as I can
gather, that his plan ought to have
been discussed beforehand. Indeed,
it seems that some people are even
Inclined to regard his action as unfair. I cannot but think that such
views are due to some misconstruction of Amundsen's real motives. I
wish to say that I have had much to
do with Amundsen, and on all occasions, whatever the circumstances
might be, he always acted as a man,
and  my  firm  conviction  is that an
DURESCO
The King of Water Paints
FIRST IN THE FIELO FOREMOST EVER SINCE
The Staneland Co. Ltd
836-840 Fort Street, VICTORIA, B.C.
! ; == == i !
Replenish
the
Pantry
1
High-Class....
Grocery
Stock
to choose from
EVERYTHING CLEAN AND FRESH
Goods for the Table to Suit the Most
Fastidious  Housewife
1 MERRYFIELD'S I
i
i
i
Li
CASH GROCERY
l
I
unfair act of any kind would be entirely alien  to his nature.
"As for myself, I must admit that
If I had known of his plan before-!
hand I might possibly have warned j
him against going south, for fear
it would be too hard a strain upon a|
man first to go on a trying South
Polar expedition nad then straightaway to a drift voyage across the
North Polar Basin, calculated to
last at least five or six years. I
have not heard of any plan aproach-
ing it, and although my opinion is
that Amundsen, If anybody, is the
very man to carry out such a gigantic task I should not have cared to
have taken any responsibility of encouraging him."
* .»* * * * *... * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
I storage!
NOTICE.
In the matter of an application for
the Issue of a duplicate of the Certificate of Title for an undivided
one-half of Lot 883, Group I,
Cassiar District:
Notice is hereby given that it is
my intention to issue at the expiration of one month after the first
publication hereof a duplicate of the
Certificate of Title to the above
mentioned land in the name of William Jordan Larkworthy, which Certificate Is dated the 30th day of September, 1910, and numbered 32BR.
WILLI/vM   E.   BURRITT,
DLtrlct Registrar.
Land Registry Office,
Prince Rupert, B. C,
May 20, 1911. J23
Household Goods and Baggage
given careful attention.
Forwarding,   Distributing   and
Shipping Agents
TRANSFERERS
Prince     Rupert     Warehousing
und   Forwarding  Co.
First  Ave.,   near   McBride  St.
DOUGLAS SUTHERLAND,
Manager.
P. O. Box 007 Phone 202
;, * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Skeena   Land   District-—District   of
Coast.
TAKE NOTICE that George
Rudge, of Port Simpson, occupation
marble worker, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about 2 miles In a
southerly direction from mouth of
Union Bay and on south side of Bay;
thence south 20 chains; thence west
20 chains; thence north 20 chains to
shore; thence following shore in an
easterly direction to point of commencement, containing 40 acres
more or less.
GEORGE RUDGE.
Lionel Rudge, Agent.
Staked 11th May, 1911. 5-23
For Job Printing of all kinds see
The Journal man. Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
McMORDIE CONTRACTS
Special  Committee Reports Upon the
Letting of the Work Last
Year.
It   Finds   Thut   the   Lowest   Teiidc
Was Not Accepted in That
Instance
The council last evening received
a report from the committee appointed to enquire into the McMor-
dle contracts. The committee reported upon the facts as it found
them. The contracts were let to
S. P. McMordie & Co. last year. The
prices in this tender were $2.10 for
rock work and $1 for earth. R. A.
McMordie's bid was $1.90 for rock
and 80 cents for earth. He put It all
at $29,973 as a lump sum. The
yardage estimated by S. P. McMordie & Co. would have made their
contract $255 less than that of R. A.
McMordie on the latter's estimated
yardage. On .the actual yardage,
the S. P. McMordie & Co.'s contract
at the figures tendered, represent
$5,044 more than the tender of R. A.
McMordie.
The committee found that R. A.
McMordie's tender was in order on
the figures estimated by the engineer. There was no satisfactory reason why the tender was not accepted. It would have been to the
advantage of the city to have accepted it.
On the return of the cheque for
$749.33 to R. A. McMordie, the committee state that it was unjustifiable. The latter firm was offered the
contract but refused to sign except
on conditions proposed by themselves. Thereupon the cheque was
returned.
In the opinion of the committee
the return of the cheque was unjustifiable and the city council
would have been justified in retaining the cheque and then if necessary have called for new tenders. If
this course had been adopted, your
committee, the report says, are of
opinion that the work of subsection
3 could have been done for a sum
less than the sum for which It Is
actually being done. The sum to be
finally paid the contractor depends
upon the actual yardage of earth and
rock, and no doubt other tenderers
could have been obtained who would
have done the same work for no
more than the figures quoted by
R. A. McMordie & Co.
All these sections, it Is pointed
out, were included in one contract
with only one penalty clause inserted. It was evident that implicit directions were not given the city
solicitor who drew it in that manner.
Aid. Hilditch said the committee
found it impossible to make any
recomendations as the city was
bound hard and fast.
The report was adopted and the
committee discharged.
Tnirty days' extension of time was
agreed upon for S. P. McMordie &
Co. on their contract.
In the case of Rosang & Co., ou
First avenue, an extension of time of
three months, owin gto their having
to keep the road -open to the electric
light station was recommended and
adopted.
No extension was recommended at
present on account of the strike.
.;. .> * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * »:« * * * * * *
I    MARINE NEWS   I
K**** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *»* * * *** * *
MAJIE  LAST TRIP
On Monday morning there gath-
eher on the dock a party of friends
of Captain George Robertson, the
popular skipper of the steamer
Prince George, to bid him good-bye.
The captain has made his last trip
to Prince Rupert, it is expected.
He will on returning to the southern ports, take leave of his command
and enter upon the duties of agent
of marine and fisheries for the Pacific coast with headquarters in Victoria. He leaves many friends at all
ports at which he called.
It Is expected that his place will
be taken by Captain Saunders, pilot
on the Prince George, who is an efficient sailor. Captain Saunders was
for years captain of the Camosun before joining the Grand Trunk Pacific service and has an enviable
reputation as a skipper.
As the Prince George pulled out
yesterday It was amidst the calls of
good-bye and fervent good wishes in
his new position from his friends
that Captain Robertson headed his
vessel to the harbor mouth.
 o	
Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Abbott, after
spendin ga few weeks in Victoria
have returned to the city.
GARBAGE  DISPOSAL
City   Will   Abate   Nuisance   Now  in
Existence on Waterfront
A scavenging scheme is to be carried out by the city whereby the
obnoxious system of dumping garbage, etc., in the harbor' will be
overcome. This morning the streets
committee, acting on instructions
from the city council last evening
examined a scow belonging to Captain W. Cates, of Vancouver and
agreed to take It over for the purpose of handling the garbage.
The streets committee has gone
into the proposition and two reports
were presented last night, one from
Aid. Morrissey, who looked Into the
cost, etc., from the standpoint of a
contract system, and Aid. Douglas,
who made an estimate from the
standpoint of the city doing the
work, providing all the equipment.
It was shown that at a reduced cost
over that now charged a profit could
be made for the city.
The matter will be more fully considered.
W. C. C. Mehan, general superintendent of the Grand Trunk Pacific,
wrote hoping that something could
be done to do away with the nuisance of dumping garbage into tbe
harbor near the wharf.
His Worship said he understood
that the streets committee was already dealing with this.
Aid. Hilditch said that the situation was worse than was represented
by Mr. Mehan. It would receive immediate attention.
■ o	
Captain  John  Irving,  of  Victoria,
is in the city again.    He is here in
connection  with  the  Dunedin   Block
property in which he is interested.
■ o	
SPORTS
INDOOR BASEBALL
An effort is being made to form
an indoor baseball league in this city.
Practices have already been held and
shortly a schedule will be arranged.
There are already two teams formed
and this week will no doubt see
some new additions. Among others,
the clerks, carpenters, printers, it is
rumored, will enter teams. Full
particulars may he obtained from
the management of the skating rink.
WILL PROTECT GAME
A meeting was held at Steveston
in the Lower Mainland, for the purpose of forming a game protective
association for the district. It was
decided to form committees to secure the support of he farmers before proceeding f> lihei and electing
permanent officers. Reeve Bridge,
of Richmond, was elected president
pro tern., and Mr. Vickery manager
of the Northern Crown Bank at Steveston, was made temporary secretary-treasurer.
LACROSSE SCHEDULE
In the first match of the season,
Xew Westminster defeated Vancouver by the score of 1 to 0.
AMATEUR   LEAGUE
'ihe Senior Amateurs of Victoria
were defeated by the New Westminster bunch after playing overtime, the
latter winning by 8 to 7. A large
crowd witnessed the game which
proved a very close and exciting one.
 0	
PRODUCER PLANT
(Continued From Page One!)
back by the one who furnished the
gas producer.
Aid. Hllditch wanted to know why
the tirm that was to sell this gas
producer plant did not offer It when
the steam plant was put In If It was
so much cheaper, lie supposed the
city council was going to buy from
Mr.  Durant.
Sized   up  Council
Aid. Clayton said the only explanation that he could offer Aid. Hllditch was that he sized up the council of last year.
Aid. Smith said they were not
bound in any way to Mr. Durant.
He was not to blame for putting the
ola plant In. The original scheme
of Mr. Durant to provide light to the
city was by a gas producer plant.
Aid. Newton contended that the
electric lighting installation represented bungling ail the way through
such as had never been seen before
In the world. He did not favor
spending any such sum as contemplated for a temporary plant. It
might be wise in view of the loss to
cut off private lighting until the
hydro-electric plant was installed.
Wanted a Vote
Aid. Douglas thought the citizens
might be allowed to vote on this.
Double Weekly Service
S.S. PRINCE RUPERT & S.S. PRINCE GEORGE
Sails for Stewart, Sundays, 8 a. m.
Sails for Vancouver, Victoria and Seattle
Mondays nnd Fridays nt 8 a. m.
S. S. "PRINCE ALBERT" for Port Simpson,    Naas    fciver    Points,
Massett, Naden Hrrbor, every Wednesday, 1:00 p. m.
and for
Refuge Bay, Skidegate, Queen Charlotte City, Lockeport, Pa-
cofl, Jedway, Ikeda Bay, Rose Harbor and return    via Queen
Charlotte City, e.-e.-y Saturday,  1:00  <   m.
THE GRAND TRUNK RAILWAY  SYSTEM,    connecting   with
trains from the Pacific Coast, operates a frequent and convenient
service of luxurious trains over its DOUBLE TRACK route between
Chicago, Toronto, Montreal, Quebec,   Halifav,     Portland,     Boston,
New York und Philadelphia.
Information  and  tickets obtainable from the office hereunder
mentioned. Trans-Atlantic steamship bookings by all lineB ar rnged
A. E. McMASTER
Freight and Pasenger Agent, G. T, P. Wharf.
FOR   SALE
BLOCK
SECTION ONE
LOTS BLOCK
19 ..
,1-2-3-4-5-6
 9-10
 22
11 	
11	
12 	
13 21-22
18  1-2
^f;w Wef^'-■■■.•^'■■«yr;*' '■*T|fi>71
SECTION FIVE
9    22-23
18 22-23
LOTS
 3-4
19 ...................... .......15-16
20 19-20
34 36-37-38
34    42
27    9-10
27 42-43
^J^»^**i*S!*-^fii5«t;,e,
SECTION SIX
'3 7-8-9-10
W. S. BENSON
The Atlantic Realty and Improvement
Company Ltd.        -        P.O. Box 51
Aid. Clayton said the committee
was not inclined to advocate any
large expenditure of money. If there
was to be additional light this fall
they must move now along the line
suggested.
Aid. Morrissey thought it would
be well to wait a little while with
this.
A motion to lay the report on the
table for a week carried.
Reducing  Staff
It was recommended that during
the summer months tbe two firemen
be dispensed with and the assistant
engineer act as fireman until the
winter months came on.
It was explained by Aid. Smith
that under this arrangement a second engineer capable of taking the
plant in an emergency was always
available.
The motion carried.
 o	
AN INVESTIGATION
(Continued From Page One.)
increase  the  pay  of  an  engineering
staff that was inefficient.
Aid. Hilditch Defends
Aid. Hilditch called attention to
the fact that the engineer was the
employee of the council. He had to
carry out '.lie instructions of tho
council. The city engineer had never
been in favor of the putting back of
th planks on the roadway. Aid.
Newton had not shown a single instance in which the engineering department could be reduced in cost.
Aid. Clayton called attention to
the demand that was raised for getting a payroll in the city. In consequence work was undertaken last
year that should have been laid over
for a ong time had the plans been
fully prepared. The question of the
pole lines seemed to call for very
frequent explanation for the benefit
of Aid. Newton.
Aid. Newton said Aid. Clayton
bad been one of those who from
the start of the year had stood with
him for economy. For some reason
he had changed. He had been wabbling from side to side and no one
know where he stood.
Aid. Kerr wanted to know If there
would be any benefit from an Investigation,
Aid. Douglas ou Staff
Aid. Douglas said that there had
been a committee appointed to investigate tne whole city hall staff. They
cut down the staff downstairs, but
left the upstairs the same. The city-
hall was run as the staff saw fit.
Aid. Morrissey said he stood for
economy but he would not advocate
that at the price of efficiency. He
would vote for the motion to adopt
the report. In reply to Aid. Hilditch
he said he would not Insult the citizens by stating all was right when
he felt himself It was not.
The amendment to refer this to a
committee to investigate resulted in
the following vote:
For—Aid. Newton, Douglas, Kerr
and  Kirkpatrick;
Against—Aid. Smith, Clayton, Hilditch and Morrissey.
His Worship said he was going to
vote in favor of giving a chance to
investigate,  because  he  felt that  It
was not wise to put this through on
a tie vote.
Accordingly, he voted for the
amendment and named the committee to investigate from those who
voted in favor of the motion, namely: Aid. Newton, chairman, Aid.
Douglas, Aid. Kerr and Aid. Kirkpatrick.
NOTICE.
PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby given
that, under the authority contained
in section 131 of tbe "Land Act," a
regulation has been approved by the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council fixing the minimum sale prices of first
and second-class lauds at $10 and $5
per acre, respectively.
This regulation further provides
that the prices fixed therein shall
apply to all lands with respect to
which the application to purchase Is
given favourable consideration after
this date, notwithstanding the date
of such application or any delay that
may have occurred In tbe consideration of the same.
Further notice is hereby given
that all persons who have pending
applications to purchase lands under
the provisions of sections 34 or 36
of the "Land Act" and who are not
willing to complete such purchases
under the prices fixed by the aforesaid regulation shall be at liberty to
withdraw such applications and receive a refund of the moneys deposited on account of such applications.
WILLIAM R.  ROSS,
Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. C, April 3rd, 1911.
4-11—6-11.
NOTICE  TO  CONTRA! TORS
Excursions!
Let us tell you all about the cheap
ROUND TKIF EXCURSIONS
to all Towns and Cities in Eastern
Canada and  United  States
Via
The Great Northern
Choice of Return  Route
Tickets to the 0!d Country by all
Lines. Take any Steamer f'-om
Prince Rupert.
ROGERS STEAMSHIP AGENCY
Phone 110 Second Ave
Prince Rupert, B.C.
CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILWAY CO.
B. C. Const 3. "  Service
PUBLIC  NOTICE
Tenders will be received by the
undersigned up to Thursday, June
1st, 1911, at. five o'clock in the afternoon for the purchase of Lot 541,
Range 5, Coast District, situated in
the vicinity of the City of Prince Rupert and containing  ;!),7 acres.
An upset price of one hundred
dollars per a;re has been fixed upon
the lands embraced  in said lot.
Each tender must be enclosed in
an envelope securely sealed and
marked "Tender for Lot. 541, Range
5, Coast District," and must be accompanied by an accepted cheque
for twenty-five per cent of the
amount set out in such tender.
Payment for the lot will be accepted in instalments, one-quarter
cash and the balance in three equal
annual payments with Interest on
deferred payments at the rate of six
per cent per annum.
The cheques of all unsuccessful
tenderers  will  he  returned to them.
The highest or any tender will
not necessarily be accepted.
Field Notes of the survey of the
said Lot 541, Range 5, Coast District, may be seen at the office of
the undersigned.
No commissions of any kind will
be allowed.
J. H. McMULLEN,
Government Agent.
Gc ernment Agent's Office,
Prince  Rupert,  B.   C,
April 27th, 1911. 6-1
Police Station, Naas  River.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for Police Station, Naas
River," will be received by the Hon.
the Minister of Public Works up to
noon of Monday, the uth day of
.June, 1911, for the erection and
completion of a timber-framed police
station at Naas River, In the Skeena
Electoral  District.
Plans, specifications, contract, and
forms of tender may be seen on and
after the 16th day of May, 1911, at
the offices of the Government Agent,
Prince Rupert; C. P, Hickman, Esq.,
Provincial Constable, Naas Harbour;
and the Department of Public
Works,  Victoria.
Each proposal must be accompanied by an accepted bank cheque or
certificate of deposit on a chartered
bank of Canada, made payable to the
Hon. the Minister of Public Works,
for the sum of $150, which shall be
forfeited if the party tendering de}-
line to enter into contract when
ailed upon to do so, or if he fall
to complete the work contracted for.
The cheques or certificates of deposit
of unsuccessful tenderers will be returned to them upon the execution
of the contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless made out on the forms supplied,
signed with the actual signature of
the tenderer, and enclosed in the envelopes furnished.
The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
J.   E.  GRIFFITH,
Public  Works   Engineer.
Public  Works  Department,
Victoria, B. C, 10th May, 1911.
6-5
CANCELLATION  OF  RESERVE.
f
Famous
Princess
Line
^^r
PRINCESS MAY
SOUTHBOUND FOR
Vancouver, Victoria,
AND
Seattle
Friday, June 2, at 9   a.m.
.J. G. McNAB,
General Agent.
NOTICE
PUBLIC NOTICE Is hereby given
that, under the authority contained
in section 131 i| tl e "Land Act," a
regulation was approved by the Lieutenant-Governor iie On , fixing
the minimum sale prices of :' st and
second-class lands at S10 and $5
per acre respectively.
This regulation further provided
that the prices fixed therein should
apply to all lands with respect to
which the applications to purchase
were given favourable consideration
after the date of said regulation,
namely, April 3, 1911.
Further notice is now given that
by virtue of a regulation approved by
the Lieutenant-Governor in Council
on the 10th of May, 1911, that the
regulation dated 3rd April, 1911, be
held not to apply to applications to
purchase vacant Crown ends which
were received by tbe Ast <tant Commissioners of Lands oi or before the
said April 3rd, 1911, and with respect to which the required deposit
of fifty cents per acre had been received by said Commossioners on or
before the said April 3rd, 1911.
ROBT. A. RENWICK,
Deputy Minister of Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. C, 16th of May, 1911.
5-23—lmo
Notice is hereby given the the
reserve existing by reason of the
notice published In the British Columbia Gazette of tbe 27th Decern
her, 1907, over lands on Graham Island, formerly covered by 'limber
Licences Nos. Nos. 37055, 37056 and
37057, which expired on the 6th day
of November, 190", and the lands
embraced within Timber Licence No.
37059, which expiied on the 25th
day of January, 1909, Is cancelled,
and that the said lands will be open
lor pre-emption only under the provisions of Section 7 of the "Land
Act" iter midnight on June 16th,
1911.
ROBERT  A.   RENWICK,
Deputy  Minister of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria,  B,  C,
9th March, 1911,
NOTICE.
In the.matter of an -pplicatlon for
the issue of a duplicate of the Certificate of Title for Part (N. 25
Acres) of the S. E. part of Section
16, Township 1, Range 6, Coast District:
Notiee is hereby given that It Is
my Intention to issue at the expiration of one mouth after the first
publication hereof a duplicate of the
Certificate of Title to the above
mentioned lands in the name of
John Flewin, which Certificate was
issued on the 21st deiy of November,
1906, and  is numbered  284.
WILLIAM E. HI.: IRITT,
Dist.  Ilegr.
Land  Registry  Office.,
Prince itupert, B, C,
May  Oth,   1911. 5-9-6-2
SKEENA DISTRICT.
WHARF, PRINCE RUPERT.
In the Matter of Chapter 115, "Navigable  Waters  Protection  Act,"
R. S. C, 1900.
NOTICE is hereby given that
drawings aud description of the site
of a proposed wharf at Prince Rupert, B. O, have been deposited
with the Minister of Public Works,
Ottawa, and duplicates thereof with
the Registrar of Deeds at Prince
Rupert, B. C, and that thirty days
after date tlie Honourable the Minister of Public Works and the Government of British Columbia will
apply to the Governor-General Ih
Council  for approval  thereof.
J.  E. GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Works,
Victoria, B. C, 5th April, 1911.
4-14—lm
RESERVE
NOTICE is hereby given that all
vacant Crown lands not already under reserve, situated within the
boundaries of the Laud Recording
Districts of Cariboo and Lillooet,
and tbe Kamloops Division of Yale
Land Recording District, are reserved from any alienation under
the "Land Act" except by pre-emption.
ROBT. A.  RENWICK,
Deputy  Minister  of  Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, B. C, April 3rd, 1911.
4-14—lm
PUBLIC SERVICE ACT.
The qualifying examinations for
Third-class Clerks, Junior Clerks,
and Stenugr: ,ihers will lee held at
the following places, commencing on
Monday the 3rd July ne:.l:—Armstrong, Chllllwack, Cumberland,
Golden, Grand Forks, Kamloops,
Kaslo, Kelowna, Le.dysmih, Nanalmo, Nelson, New W • minster, North
Vancouver, Peach laud, Re< elstoke,
Rossland, Salmon A e: Summer-
land, Vancouver, Verrou and Victoria.
Candidates must be British subjects between the ages of 21 and
80, if for Third-class Clerks; and
between 16 and 21, If for Junior
Clerks or Stenographers.
Applications will not be accepted
if received later than the 15th June
next.
Further information, together
with application forms may be obtained from the undersigned.
P. WALKER,
Registrar, Public Service.
Victoria, B, C , 27th April, 1911.
4-27—-6-15.
CANCELLATION OF RESERVE.
NOTICE is hereby given that the
reserve of a parcel of land situated
on Graham Island, notice of which
appeared in the British Columbia
Gazette on the 25th of February,
1909, being dated 23rd February,
1909, is cancelled to permit of the
lands being acquired by pre-emption
only and for no other purpose
ROBT. A. RE:-.WlCiV,
Deputy   Minister  of  Lands.
Department of Lands,
Victoria, Ii. C, April 5th, 1911.
4-14—7-5
FERRY,   SKEENA    RIVER.
Mission  Point  below mouth  llulkley
River.
SEALED APPLICATIONS for a
charter t<i operate a ferry over the
Skeena River ai Mission Point below
n: .uth llulkley River win be received
by the' Hon, the; Minister f>f Public
Works up to noon of Tuesday, the
30th  day  of  May,.   191 1.
Applicants must state the kind
and size of vessel it Is proposed to
use, the method of operating, and
the tolls which it is proposed to levy
for the carriage of passengers,
horses, vehicles, cattle, etc.
.1   E, GRIFFITH,
Public Works Engineer.
Department of Public Works.
Victoria, B, C, 9th May,  1911.
5-30
TRUST  COMPANIES.
EVERY COMPANY receiving deposits of money or carrying on business in the Province of British Columbia :is a Trust Company, as defined in the "Trust Companies Regulation Act, 1911," 1b requested to
furnish particulars as to the corporate name of the company, and the
name and address of Its managing
director to the Inspector of Trust
Companies, Victoria, In order to receive a supply of forms to be used
In making the return as provided In
section  4  of said  Act.
W.  U.  RUNNALS,
Inspector of Trust Companies.
4-18—lm PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
THE MICROBE THEORY
Medical Nan Attacks the Accepted Ideas
Witb Respect to
He Combats the Generally Acknowledged Principles in Connection with Diseases
The disease-producing germ is re
garded by the greatest scientists of
today as a creation of the imagination, says Dr. J. W. Hodge, of Niagara Falls, New York. It is passing strange, however, that otherwise
intelligent people will allow themselves to be deluded, frightened and
gulled by such shallow sensationalists as the bacteriologists leave
proved themselves to be, Why not
believe in ghosts and hobgoblins,
fairies, were-wolves, witches, demoniacal possession and all the other
superstitions of senseless visionists.
The assumption that germs cause
diseases is no less preposterous and
senseless than the prevalent belief
of the sixteenth century that storms,
cyclones earthquakes, drouths, famines, floods and pestilences were
brought about by the evil influence
of old women called witches, who
were officially tried, convicted and
executed in civilized countries, as recently as 1793. In the remote ages
of antiquity and superstitlouus ignorance the belief prevailed that diseases were due to demoniacal possession, and could be cured only by
what was termed "exorcism" (casting out devils). The popular belief
in those days was that a sieii man's
body was a kind of tenement house
inhabited by evil spirits. In many
respects this theory was analogous
to the modern germ theory of disease in which living germs play the
role of live devils and must be killel
and expelled from the bodies of the
sick before a cure can  be effected.
When the German charlatan, Robert Koch, announced his germ the
ory he added a new and heavy burden to the many with which suffering humanity was already afflicted.
A few decades ago the world was in
blissful ignorance of microbes. Now
the microbe is here, there and everywhere, in all that we breathe, in the
smoke and the dust, in the garbage,
on the tools we use, and in tho
ground we tread, making of life an
apprehensive possibility and a galling suspicion. By the announcement
of the discovery of the disease germ,
a new source of anxiety was added
to human existence, and this anxiety
is all the more burdensome because
the object of it is unseen and one
cannot tell at what instant he may
be exposing himself to its insidious
attacks. The theory of the bacterial
origin of disease has become a
source of terror to the non-medical
world. Thousands of timid and
weak-minded people make them-
6elves miserable by a constant dread
lest they be surreptitiously attacked
by these omnipresent but invisible
enemies; not daring to drink a
glass of water or a cup of milk unless it has been boiled or sterilized
in order to destroy the dread foe.
These are the very people who fall
easy victims to typhoid fever, cholera and other so-called germ diseases. I am convinced that it is not
the germ but the fear thereof that
is responsible for the undoing ot
these timid and weak-minded people.
The discovery that every person's
mouth harbors microbes in immense
numbers has led certain doctors to
denounce kissing as a dangerous
pastime that should he put down
by the strong hand of the law
though the law still enjoins tbe kiss-
in gof the Bible. As to the women
whose lips are threatened to do so
much harm in the world, Hie least
we can do Is to let them alone. They
'annul do much more harm In tho
future than they have, done in the
least.
If germs are the cause of disease,
isn't it a little long enough to die
of old age before this wonderful discovery was made? History informs
us that our ancestors of the premi-
erobian period, were strong, healthy
people who attained on an average a
good old age, notwithstanding their
blissful ignorance of disease germs
and how to escape them.
Another crushing refutation of the
germ theory of disease is found In
the cro-organlsms, which are supposed to be the essential cause of
certain diseases, are found to prevail
in populous localities from which
these diseases are permanently absent. For Instance, Professor Met-
schnelkoff, a renowned authority,
tells us that he has found the bacilli
of Asiatic cholera widely diffused In
the waters of many localities, while
these same localities were practically
free from cholera. Metschneikoff
also says: "The bacilli of typhoid
fever has never been known to occur."
This statement is corroborated by
the testimony of many eminent bacteriologists and is denied by none.
The Klebs-Loeffler bacilli, which
are supposed to be the essential
cause of diphtheria, have been re-
repeatedly found in the mouths of
healthy people who never suffered
from anything like diphtheria. By
actual experiment it has been demonstrated time and again that the so-
called germs of diphtheria when
swallowed in immense numbers by
human beings and Injected subcuta-
neously into their bodies have invariably failed to produce anything
resembling diphtheria,
Again, it ia a well-known fad that
all mucous orifices of the body, even
of healthy persons, swarm with pathogenic bacteria of many descriptions,
some of them being of the supposed
most virulent character. But some
one asks: "Do you deny the existence of germs?" 1 answer, "No."
The germ is a fact, a fact of great
interest to the biologist, but of little
Importance to the pathologist. Germs
are a physiological fact, but the attempt to consign them to the domain
of pathology is a libel on these tiny
harmless creatures which swarm in
all vital air, in all sparkling drinking water, in all wholesome food and
in every tissue of our bodies. Again,
somebody asks: "Do we not find
germs in diseased as well as in
healthy tissues?" Again, I answer
"Yes." They are there as scavengers,
as friends to the patient and as foes
to the disease. To cbareg them with
having caused the disease would be
unfair to them as it would be unjust
to charge the street scavenger with
having produced the filth which he
is engaged in removing. Tbe logic
of the germ theorists in attributing
disease to the presence of bacteria
reminds one of the reasoning of the
Irishman, who, on discovering the
decaying carcass of a dead animal,
exclaimed: "Ah! look at the poor
baste, and the maggots, sure they
have kilt him entoirely." Medicine,
like millinery, has its fashions and
fads which spring up, flourish for a
time and then pass into the limbo
with other fallacies which in their
day had also been mistaken for verities. The study of medical history
brings to the physician's cheek a
blush of shame. Thousands of confiding human beings have fallen vic-
time to the vagaries and superstitions of medical malpractice which
in its day was mistaken for medical
science.
Anheuser-Busch's
I
3UDWEI513
PROMPT  SETTLEMENT  OF  FIRE
LOSS
Messrs. Peck, Moore Ai Co. have
received the following gratifying letter from Mrs. Frizzell in regard to
her loss of store and goods at Port
Esslngton,
The fire occurred on the 12th of
April and an adjuster had to be
sent from Vancouver and afterwards
the particulars sent to head offices
at San Francisco and Montreal. The
loss was settled for in full and the
last cheque was received on the 20th
i list.
Mrs. Frizzell is naturally warm in
praise of these companies as this is
the second loss she has bad settled
with equal promptness and honesty.
Prince Rupert, B. C.
May 20th, 1911.
Messrs. Peck, Moore & Co.,
City.
Dear Sirs: —
I bog to acknowledge receipt of
your two cheques from the Hartford
Fire Insurance Co. and the North
British & Mercantile Insurance Co.,
for $3,828.80 in full settlement for
my loss hy fire in Port Esslngton on
the 12th of last month.
As these losses had to be adjusted
from Vancouver and then be reported to San Francisco and Montreal,
respectively, and cheques sent from
there, I consider this settlement remarkably prompt and satisfactory.
This Is the second loss that has
been so readily settled by these companies for me, and I think it speaks
volumes for their Integrity and business dispatch.
Thanking you very heartily for
the above, I am,
Yours very truly,
SADIE FRIZZELL.
I once proposed to a girl In a
conservatory.
With what result?
A lot of expensive plants were nipt
by the frost.
Willie—Papa, what arc trial marriages.
Mr. Hennypeck (with surprising
spirit)—All of 'em, my son; all of
'em.
Budweiser
Appeals to people of discriminating taste because of
its superb Quality and Purity—no matter if you
drink it in Canada or in its St. Louis home town—
it always has the same snappy flavor—its in a class by
itself.
Bottled only at the
Anheuser-Busch Brewery
ST. LOUIS, MO. U. S. A.
ml
NORTHERN BRITISH COLUMBIA LIQUOR CO., LTD., PRINCE RUPERT, B.C.
THE LUMBER TRUST
Evidence Concerning Its Existence Given
at Court Sitting in
St. Louis.
United      States      Association
Agreement to Control Production of Goods
Hiul
That the big lumber companies
of the United States agreed on a curtailment of production, that prices
were fixed by a committee and that
printed price lists were sent to all
the firms as a means of controlling
the market, was testified in the initial hearing of the state's ouster suit
against the alleged lumber trust in
St. Louis.
Asked about a meeting of! the
Southern Lumber Manufacturers Association, which later was re-named
the Yellow Pine Manufacturers Association, at the world's fair in 1904,
George K. Smith, secretary of the
Yellow Pine Manufacturers Association, said that the price list committee met in executive session in conjunction with the regular semi-annual gathering of the association. He
testified from his records that the
price list committee reported lumber
was being cut faster than It was
being shipped, that a large surplus
resulted, and that as long as the surplus continued, "staple or advancing
values would  be impossible."
"A way must be found," the report continued, "to reduce the surplus and keep the supply in proportion to the demand."
The secretary's minutes of an ex-
ecutlve   session     read:        "It     was
1836 1911
The Bank of
Britisii North America
75 Years In B mined*.
Capital and Reserve Over $7,300,000
Banking by Mail
is a great convenience to those
who live some distance from
town.
Deposits may be sent in, cash
drawn, or other business transacted by Mail, without any
trouble or delay.
Write or ask our Local Manager to explain our system to
you.
Prince Ruperl Braach—
F. S. L0N6, Mui|ir.
thought advisable to recommend to
all manufacturers a reduction of
Vi l-'i per cent in the output of all
sawed lumber until such time as the
demand should more nearly absorb
the supply."
He said notices were sent to all
members to reduce their output for
00 days, aud that again before the
expiration of the 00-day period, he
sent another notice that curtailment
should continue for 90 days more.
He testified to tne holding of seven
committee meetings between June,
1904, and January, 1905. Asked
whether these meetings all were
held to raise prices, he said: "There
were that many meetings of the
committee at which it gave its opinion as to what prices ought to be."
Later he testified that the price
committee's activities were discontinued by a vote of the association.
The state tried to obtain an admission that this change was made in
view of possible prosecution, and
Smith partially admitted this, saying
it was desired "to avoid the charge
of collusion to fix prices."
Trade Congress
Charges that the press persecuted
the lumber trade for the last five
years and that press and public are
responsible for the investigation of
the lumber interests by the department of justice were made by several delegates to the lumber trades
congress. The discussion was over
an effort of E. F. Perry, of New
York, representing the National
Wholesale Lumber Dealers Association, to have articles XVI and XVII
stricken from the code of ethics,
which the congress formulated 'or
the trade at large. While he failed
in this, a mild substitute was carried.
Ine sections of the code under
fire are:
"It shall be the duty of the manufacturers and wholesalers to take an
active interest In the marketing of
their products through regular trade
eiiannels. f
' It Is (lie sense of the congress
that the widest possible trade publicity be given for the purpose of making known irresponsible, unethical
and unscrupulous manufacturers,
wholesalers and dealers."
A resolution was submitted by
George S. Merrill of Salt Lake, Utah,
to take the place of the articles.
The new section reads: .e. should
Le recognized by lumber manufacturers and wholesalers that the retail distributors of lumber are a necessary factor in the trade and a useful servant of the public and as such
should be recognized as the logical
channel through which to market
their products."
In the discussion before the vote,
A. C. Garens, of Homer, La., said
the newspapers have "Insulted and
attacked the lumber trade in the
most vile manner. '
APPLICATION FOB LIQUOR
LICENSE
TAKE NOTICE that 1, Austin M.
Brown, of the City of i'1'ince Rupert,
B. C, Retail Merchant, intend to apply to the Board of License Commissioners for the ;aid City of Prince
Rupert at their first meeting held
after thirty days fr mi tho first publication of this notice, for a bottle
license to sell intoxicating liquors by
retail under the provisions of the
Statutes in that behalf and the Bylaws of the City of Prince Rupert
and any amendments thereto, for my
store premises situated on Lot forty
(40) in Block seven (7) of Section
one (1) Prince Rupert and being on
Second Avenue in the said City of
Prince Rupert.
And I hereby agree that in case a
license is granted pursuant to this
application that no Asiatic shall be
employed or be permitted to be upon
said premises other th:n in the capacity of a guest or customer nor
shall Asiatics be employed off said
premises to do any work to be used
in or in any way connected with said
premises and 1 hereby agree that I
shall accept said license subject to
this Agreement and that any breach
of this Agreement shall render me
liable to the penalties provided for
in the Prince Rupert Liquor License
By-law.
My postoffice address is Second
Avenue, Prince Rupert, B. C.
I am the owner of the premises
proposed  to be licensed.
Dated at Prince itupert tnis 11th
day of May, 1911.
AUSTIN M.  BROWN.
NOTICE.
TAKE NOTICE that I, J. E. Gil-
more, intend to apply at the next
sitting of the Board of License Commissioners to be held on the 14th
day of June, next, for a transfer of
tbe license issued to me for the Premier Hotel, situate on the G. T. P.
Reserve in the City of Prince Rupert, to Fred W. Hemming, of Prince
Rupert, B. C.
fi-13 J.  E.  GILMORE.
NOTICE.
A book is kept in the City Clerk's
Office in which to enter the names
and addresses, etc. of citizens of
Prince Rupert desiring employment
on City work. All desiring employment should register at once.
ERNEST A. WOODS,
City Clerk.
Young Bachelor—I often wonder
if I am making enough money to get
married on.
Old Benedict—Well, I don't know
how much you're making, but you
ain't.
 o	
"Or course," said the surgeon,
who had operated for appendicitis,
"there will be a scar."
"That's all right," replied the patient. "Leave any kind of a mark
you like that will prevent some
strange doctor from coming along
and operating again."
NOTICE
APPLICATION    FOR    LIQUOR
LICENCE.
I, Edward James Maynard, of the
City of Prince Rupert, in the Province of British Columbia, Liquor
Dealer, hereby apply to the Board of
Licence Commissioners for the said
City of Prince Rupert for a Bottle
licence to sell intoxicating liquors
under the provisions of the Statutes
in that behalf and the by-laws of the
City of Prince Rupert, and any
amendments thereto, for the premises known and described as Lot 29,
Block 11 Section 5, to commence on
the 16th day of June,  1911.
And I hereby agree that in case
a licence is granted pursuant to this
application that no Asiatic shall be
employed, or be permitted to be
upon said premises, other than in
the capacity of a guest or customer,
nor shall Asiatics be employed off
said premises to do any work to be
used in or in any way connected
with said premises, and I hereby
agree that I shall accept said licence
subject to this agreement, and that
any breach of this agreement shall
render me liable to all the penalties
provided for In Section 19 of the
Prince Rupert Liquor Licence Bylaw,  1910.
My postoffice address is Prince
i.upert, B.  C.
The name and address of the owner of the premises proposed to be
licenced is C. D. Rand, Vancouver,
B. C.
Dated at  Prince Rupert this  4th
day of May, 1911.
6-16 E. J. MAYNARD.
NOTICE
APPLICATION    FOR    LIQUOR
LICENCE.
I, J. Arthur Smith, of the City
of Prince Rupert, In the Province of
Britisii Columbia, Contractor, hereby
apply to the Board of Licence Commissioners for the said City of
Prince Rupert for a Bottle licence tj
sell intoxicating liquors under the
provisions of the Statutes in that behalf aud the by-laws of the City of
Prince Rupert, and any amendments
thereto, for the premises known and
described as Lot 2, Block 34, Section
1 to commence on the 15th day of
June, 1911.
And I hereby agree that in case a
licence Is granted pursuant to this
application that no Asiatic shall be
employed, or be permitted to be
upon said premises, other than in
the capacity of a guest or customer,
nor shall Asiatics be employed off
said premises to do any work to be
used in or in any way connected
with said premises, and I hereby
agree that I shall accept said licence
subject to this agreement, and that
any breach of this agreement shall
render me liable to all the penalties
provided for in Section 19 of tha
Prince Rupert Liquor Licence Bylaw, 1910.
My postoffice address is Prince
Rupert, B. C.
The name and address of tbe owner of the premises proposed to be
licenced is J. Arthur Smith, Prince
Rupert, B. C.
Dated at Prince Rupert, this 4th
day of May, 1911.
6-16 J. ARTHUR SMITH.
The Journal (twice a week), only
$2.00 a year. Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
REORGANIZING JAILS
Prison Farm is Planned for the Province in Burnaby Municipality.
Increased     Population      Brings     up
Need of Further Additions
in This Line
The invitation by the provincial
public works department of tenders
-or a prison farm building at Burnaby—which bids are receivable up to
the 12th proximo—is perhaps the
first public intimation that has been
given in connection with plans for
some time past under consideration
by Attorney General Bowser, and
finally approved by his colleagues of
the government, for a systematic reorganization of the provincial system
of British Columbia.
As the majority of residents of
this province are well aware, the several provincial jails have during the
past year or two been overtaxed to
accommodate a growing number of
prisoners, ihe inevitable condition
arising through the unprecedented
population expansion of the past
half decade. At New Westminster
and at Nelson more particularly the
demands upon the provincial jails
have recently far exceeded their capacity, and as an emergency expedient it has been found necessary on
various occasions to transfer drafts
or prisoners to this city, to Vernon
to Kamloops, and latterly to Nanaimo, in which city the jail had for
some time been closed owing to the
excellent record of the dislrict popu
lation in producing a minimum number of convictions.
This method it may easily be seen
served for temporary relief only,
and produced not unnatural protests
from the towns and cities into which
criminals were sent to serve their
sentences, who upon the expiry of
their terms were naturally discharged from custody in the places
of their incarceraton.
Central Prison
It has now been decided, it is understood, to establish a central prison for British Columbia in the district of Burnaby, where approximately two hundred acres of land
has been set aside for the purpose,
and where a model prison farm will
be operated in a manner to make the
institution in a measure self-supporting by producing many of the
essentials in foodstuffs required for
the maintenance of the prisoners.
The plans for this central prison
have been drawn by Mr. Hugh II.
Hodson, the Vancouver architect,
and provide for what must be regarded as a model institution of its
character, embracing all the most
modern ideas in prison architecture
as regards security of detention, perfect sanitation, good ventilation and
conditions favorable to reformation,
rather than purposeless punishment.
Upon this new central prison being completed it is expected that all
prisoners sentenced for other than
short terms, aud comin gwithln tbe
scope of provincial jail rather than
penitentiary confine nent, will be
sent there, while the various provincial jails throughout the province
will be received for short-term cases
of comparatively less serious character. These jails will he generally
overhauled, and, relieved of the
care of prisoners whose terms vary
from six months to a year or two
years, will be fully adequate to the
requirements of the province at present or—it is to be hoped—for s me
time to come.
Reformatory for Hoys
It is also quite possible that a new
location will before long be found
for the provincial reformatory foi
boys, now occupying an extra-valuable site of approximately fifty acres
at Kitsllano beach, Vancouver, In
the heart of what has become one
of the most desirable residential localities adjacent, to that provincial
metropolis, The removal of the reformatory to a locality less directly
in touch with a large city and its
life would naturally be desirable for
the good of its inmates, and at the
same time would Involve comparatively little expense In the final
reckoning, as the lands vacated
could easily and quickly be disposed
of at a very substantial price.
A reformatory for girls will very
probably be established also during
the next year or two, the necessity
for such an institution having been
very effectively presented by the officers of the councils of women and
the promise having been given by
tbe government that legislation paving the way for the establishment of
the desired institution will be
brought down by the attorney gen
eral at the next session of the local
house.
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * »♦« ,*, * * * * * *
* *
* Queen Mary and *
* Her Characteristics ;j;
•:• *
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
Sir Clement Kinloch-Cooke contributes to The North American Review a sympathetic character sketch
of her majesty Queen Mary. Intended mainly for American readers,
it will be read with pleasure by
Canadians generally. Her majesty,
says Sir Clement, has a very retentive pemory. Once she has mastered
a subject, it seldo mgoes out of her
mind, and months afterwards she
will astonish her friends by reference to a conversation they themselves had forgotten. Driving
through the streets of Hobart, she
recognized a man in the crowd and
remarked to her lady-in-waiting that
he had been a curate at East Sheen
when she was a girl and his name
began with C, and that she had
heard him preach two or three
times. On inquiry it turned out that
he was the same man, and that his
name was C n.    It    would    be
clever to have re embered him had
the queen met him after an interval
of ten years, but in a passing crowd
in far-away Tasmania, it was extraordinary. As a mutual result of
such good memory the queen has
something to say to everyone, and
the personal touch this gift imparts
to her conversation gratifies and
charms all with whom she is brought
into contact.
Fond of Music
Music has a great share in the
home life at White Lodge, the musical hour in the drawing room being at one time a regular institution
and often the duchess would sit
down at the piano in the evenings
an dsing ballads from the popular
operettes of the day. The queen has
a sweet voice, a soft soprano, which
greatly matured under the skilful
guidance of Signor (now Sir Laulo)
Tosti. Of late years, however, her
majesty has given up singing; and,
alth oughretaining her fondness for
music, she rarely finds much time
to devote to the piano.
Dramatic art of every kind appeals to her, and there are few
elays ot importance, or that have attracted public attention during the
last two decades, she has not seen.
Like her mother, she quickly seizes
upon ihe humorous side of a question. Thus she has a keen appreciation for a sparkling comedy or a
farce, and on returning    from    the
theatre, or afterwards in conversation, often makes allusion to some
particularly amusing part of the per-
fcrmance.
The queen is greatly attached to
the historical part of her country,
and has collected together quite a
number of interesting things connected with the royal family. As a
girl, she has always enjoyed going
over museums and inspecting articles of antiquity, a trait in her character which has widened with years.
She has an intimate knowledge of
old silver and china, and possesses a
valuable collection of objects d'art.
A  Great Reader
The queen has always been a
great reader, and her boudoir at
White Lodge contained a little case
of favorite books, prominent among
them being Tennyson's poems.
Books of travel and biographies are
seldom missed, for the queen does
not read for mere passing pleasure,
but for instruction and information.
Novels of themselves do not appeal
to her majesty, but she has read and
re-read classic works of fiction; and
any novel by a well-know writer, or
that is specially recommended to her
at once receives her attention.
Her majesty follows events atten
tively. She reads the newspapers
daily, and as Princess of Wales, attended the more important parliamentary' debates, occupying a seat
in the Peereses' Gallery in the house
of lords and in the Speaker's Gallery in the house of commons. A
chance meeting in a country house
led to my being invited to White
Lodge, and being honored with the
friendship of the Duke and Duchess
of Teck. At the time I was helping
with the house of lords' inquiry into
the sweating system, and well do I
remember the great interest taken
by the queen in the evidence. She
never tird of haring about the workers, and would ply me with questions
about the chainmakers, the seamstresses and the other tollers for
long hours and low wages, until I
thoroughly believe she knew as
much about the conditions and requirements of these people as I did
myself.
A Calgary preacher said: Mother's Day is of recent origin, but It
has grown with wonderful strides."
We know that. Mother didn't wear
the hobble skirt.
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101-107 WATER STREET
Local Agent—F. M. DAVIS
VANCOUVER, B. 0.
- PRINCE RUPERT
Subscription
The Best
Publicity O$2.00
Channel
a Year
THE JOURNAL
Is the best Advertising
Medium in the City
of Prince Rupert
FOLLOW THE TREND OF THE CITY'S
PROGRESS BY SUBSCRIBING
FOR THE PAPER
The Journal aims at keeping Prince Rupert
and new B.C. ever before the public eye. Send
it to your friends and any whom you wish to
interest in the coming Metropolis of the North.
COAL MINES ACT
Skeena    Land   District—District   of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gilllngham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, iLtends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Commencing at post planted 6%
miles N. E. of the mouth of the
White River and the junction of the
eNaas, marked Chas. J. Gillingham's
S. E. Corner; thence 80 chains
North; thence 80 chains West;
thence 80 chains South; thence 80
chains East to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more
or   11'-*•>
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff, Agent.
Dated March 4, lull. 4-18
tlience 80 chains North; thence SO
chains West; tbence SO cliains
South; tlience 80 cliains East to
point of commencement and containing 640  acres more or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff,  Agent.
Dated March 4th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena    Land    District—District   of
Cassiar.
TAK.J NOTICE that Charles J.
Gilllngham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Comencing at a post planted 7 miles
N. E. of the mouth of the White
River and the junction of the Naas,
marked Chas. J. Gillingham's S. E.
Corner; tbence 80 chains North;
thence 80 chains West; tlience SO
cliains South; thence SO chains East
to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M. Huff, Agent.
Dated  March  5th,  1911. 4-18
Skeena   Land    District—District    of
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. O,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land:—.
Commencing at a post planted about
8 miles N. E. of the mouth of White
River and the junction of tbe Naas
River, marked Chas. J. Gillingliain's
S. E. Corner; tbence 80 chains
North; thence 80 chains West;
tlience SO chains South; tlience 80
chains East to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more
or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles  M.  Huff,'Agent.
Dated March 6th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena    Land    District—District    of
O rt q o j n y
TAKE NOTICE' that Charles J.
Gilllngham, of Prince Rupert, B. O,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land:—
Commencing at a post planted 7>A
miles N, E. of the mouth of the
White River and ihe junction of the
Naas and marked Chas. J. Gillingliain's S. E. Corner; tlience 80
chains North; tlience SO chains
West; thence 80 chains South;
thence 80 chains East to point of
commencement and containing 640
acres more or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff, Agent.
Dated March 5th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena   Land    District—District    of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, Intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Commencing at a post planted about
8 miles N. E. of th i mouth of White
River and the junction of the Naas
River, marked Chas. J. Gillingham's
S. E. Corner; thence 80 chains
Nortli; tlience 80 chains West;
thence 80 chains South; thence 80
chains East io point of commencement and containing 640 acres noi
or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles  M.  Huff,  Agent.
Dated March 6th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena    Land    District—District   of
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Commencing at a post planted 7%
miles N. E. of the mouth of the
White River and the junction of the
Naas, marked Chas. J. Gillingham's
S. E. Corner; thence SO chains
North; thence SO chains West;
thence SO ehains South; thence 80
chains East to point cf commencement and containing 640 acres more
or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff,  Agent.
Dated March 5th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena   Land   District—District   of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for a
license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 64 0 acres of land: —
Commencing at a post planted about
S miles N. E. of the mouth of the
White River and the junction of the
Naas, marked Chas. J. Gillingham's
S. E. Corner; thence 80 cliains
North; thence 80 cliains West;
thence SO chains Soutli; thence SO
chains East to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more
or less.
CHARLES   J.   GILLINGHAM.
Charles M. Huff, Agent.
Dated  March  6th,  1911. 4-18
Skeena    Land    District—District   of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends lo
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land:-—
Commencing at a post planted 6 '„i
miles N. l'J. of the mouth of the
White River and the junction of the
Naas, and marked Chas. J. Gillingham's S. E. Corner; thence SO
chains Nortn; tbence 8 0 cnains
West; thence SO chains South;
thence 80 chains East to point of
commencement and containing 640
acres more or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff, Agent.
Dated March 4th, 1911. 4-18
Skeena   Land    District—District    of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE th;.t Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupeit, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for a
license to prospect for Coal aud
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Commencing at a post planted about
S miles N. E. of the mouth of the
White River and the junction of the
Naas, marked Chas. J. Gillingham's
S. E. Corner; thence 80 chains
North; thence SO chains West;
thence SO chains South; thence 80
chains East to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more
or less.
CHARLES   J.   GILLLNGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff, Agent.
Dated  March  6th,  1911. 4-18
WATER NOTICE.
Skeena    Land    District—District    of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles J.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, B. C,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land:—
Commencing at a post planted about
8 miles N. E. of the mouth of White
River and the Junction of the Naas
River, marked Charles J. Gillingham's S. E. Corner; tbence SO
chains North; thene'e 80 chains
West; thence 80 chains SoiUh;
thence 80 chains Easl to point of
commencement ami containing 640
acres more or less.
CHARLE8 .1. GILLINGHAM.
Charles  M.   Huff,  Agent.
Dated March 5th, 1911. 4-1S
Skeena    Land    District—District    of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles -I-
Gilllngham, of Prince Rupert, B, ('.,
occupation contractor, inli'iuls to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prOBpect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land:--
Commencing at a post planted 6%
miles N. E, of the mouth of White
River and the junction of the Naas,
marked Chas. J. Gillingham's S. E.
Corner; thence 80 chains North;
thence 80 chains West; thence 80
chains South; thence SO chains East
to point of commencement and containing 640 acres more or less.
CHARLES J. GILLINGHAM.
Charles M.  Huff,  Agent.
Dated  March  itb,  1911. 4-18
Skeena Land District—District of
Cassiar.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles .1.
Gillingham, of Prince Rupert, II. 0.,
occupation contractor, intends to
apply to the Minister of Lands for
a license to prospect for Coal and
Petroleum over 640 acres of land: —
Commencing at a post planted six
miles N, E. of the mouth of White
River and the junction of the Naas
River on Canyon Creek, marked
Chas. J. Gillingham's S. E. Corner;
NOTICE is hereby given that an
application will be made under Part
V. of the "Water Act, Ia09," to obtain a licence In the Queen Charlotte Islands Division of Skeena District.
(a) The name, address and occupation of the applicant—Merton A.
Merrill, Masset, Q. C. I., B. C,
Prospector.
(If for mining purposes) Free
Miner's  Certificate  No	
(b) The name of the lake,
stream, or source (If unnamed, the
description is)—I-ln-tsita Lake, Tsu-
Skundale Lake and  Ain  River.
(c) The point of diversion—At r
near the outlet of Tsn-Skundalo
Lake into Ain  River.
(el) The quantity of water applied for (In cubic feet per second)
—1,000.
(e) The character of the proposed works—Power Plant, Dam,
Flumes, etc.
(f) The premise's on which the
!water Is to be used  (describe same)
—At or near the mouth of the Ain
(River.
(g) The purposes for which tha
water is to he used—Generating
power.
(h) If for irrigation, describe
jthe   land   intended   to     he  Irrigated,
.giving acreage	
(I)    If the water Is to be used for
power or mining purposes, describe
| the  place  where  the  water  Is  to be
returned   to   some   natural   channel.
J and   the  difference   In   altitude     between  point  of diversion  and  point
jof return—At or near the mouth of
|the Ain River, about 100 feet below
point of diversion.
(j) Area of Crown land Intended to be occupied by the proposed
works—10 acres more or less.
(k) This notice was posted on
the 28th day of November, 1910,
and application will be made to the
Commissioner on the 1st day of
June, 1911.
(1) Give the names and addresses of any riparian proprietors or
licensees who or whose lands are
likely to be affected by the proposed works, either above or below
the outlet—Don't know of any.
(Signature)
MERTON   A.   MERRILL,
(P.  O.  Address)   Massei,  B.  C.
NOTE.—One   cubic   loot   per   second  is equivalent  to  .15.71     miner's
inches.
Job  Printing  of all  kinds  neatly
executed at the Journal Office. PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Tuesday, May 30, 1911.
Goods Must Be Moved ::: Building to be Remodelled
************
Fourteen   different   styles   at
prices to suit all, from
U'hlch to select your
Baby Carriages
PREMISES WILL BE TRANSFORMED INTO HANDSOME ARCADE, MAKING A MEC CA FOR SHOPPERS
WE WILL BE BACK AT THE SAME OLD STAND
;J!^~^j SALE STILL ON-BARGAINS TO BE HAD
REDUCTIONS—To avoid moving much of our Big Stock it will be sold at Big Reductions.
■ ■
<>
<>
:
The Big
Furniture Store
HEADQUARTERS FOR THOSE THINGS YOU NEED FOR YOUR HOME SUCH AS FURNITURE, CUTLERY, LINOLEUM, GRASS
CHAIRS, REED AND RATTAN GOODS.     BEST LINES OF UPHOLSTERED COUCHES,  ARM CHAIRS, PARLOR SUITES, ETC.
Again we remind you of the story of the Early Bird
F. W. HART
In Tumblers we have twenty-
one different kinds direct
from the factory
in Pittsburg
'■» ♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
The Big
Furniture Store
Corner Sixth Street & Second Avenue
Phone 62
Personals
Dr.  Ewing went    south
after a trip to Hazelton.
Monday,
Miss Holtby and Miss Grant left
on Monday morning for the south.
* *    *
T. D. Pattullo has returned from
a trip around the Queen Charlotte
ports on the Prince Albert.
* *     *
Mr. Kinsella, of the Grand Trunk
Pacific staff, has returned from a
visit to his home  in  Montreal.
* *     •
• Miss E. McCuniber, well known
here as a real estate dealer of more
than usual ability, went south yesterday.
* * *
J. Lipscombe, who represents the
express company at Atlin, was a passenger by the Princess May last
evening.
* *     *
Percy Godenrath, proprietor of
the Portland Canal Miner, published
at Stewart, arrived on the last trip
of the Prince George. He was accompanied by Mrs. Godenrath.
R. 0. Jennings, road superintendent returned from a trip up the
Skeena as far as Kitmangar on Saturday. He has again left on work
In connection with  his position.        I
Duncan Ross, who has been in the
city for a few days, has left for Hazelton again. He has taken the contract for the longest tunnel on the
Grand Trunk Pacific, which adjoins
his present contract. He is starting
work at once on it.
MAKING READY FOR ,
ACTUAL SETTLERS
(Continued from Page One)
G. T. P, IX VICTORIA
Tne Grand Trunk Pacific Company will shortly commence the construction of a building to cost $300,-
00,0 three or four stories in height,
with a frontage of 300 feet on
Wharf street in Victoria, on the site
excavated some time ago, fronting
which are the two large piers of the
company. The new building will be
a modern structure, with warehouses below the street line, stores
on the street level and offices on tho
upper floors. It will be 90 feet
deep, and will incorporate the small
building now used as a ticket office
on Wharf street. Plans for the new
Grand Trunk Pacific building are
now being made ftl Vancouver and It
is expected thai lenders will he
called for shortly. It is announced
that the work Is expected to be completed within a year. The stores
will be arranged hy the builders to
suit tenants.
B. F. llarmer, formerly with the
Canadian Freight Assocation western lines, with which he has been
employed as Inspector for several
years, has arrived from Kingston
and taken a position here.
"Edward!       Do    you    know    the
time?"
"I really couldn't help It, my dear.
You see, when Jones "
"Can't you answer my question?"
"Yes, my dear, but I had to "
"Idiot!    I want to know the time
because the clock has stopped."
to Copper City. In a few days it will
go forward and be ferried across to
the townsite which is owned by Mr
Sanders. The first work will be the
clearing of a part of Copper City
to allow for building there, in view
of the increasing demand for locations for business purposes.
The engine will then be transferred to the outskirts of the place
where Mr. Sanders owns a large
tract of land admirably adapted to
horticultural purposes.
The first section upon which a
start will be made is 200 acres contained in a district that suffered
from brush fire a few years ago. The
trees are down and partially burnt
timber lies in all shapes. He will
use his 7:") horsepower engine to Maul
the timber into heaps and tear out
the stumps piling them into heaps
for  burning.
Ready for Farmers
Following the clearing, he intends
to subdivide into 5 acre or 10 acre
plots, which will be sold. The price
which he is putting upon the first
section of the cleared land is consid-
eherd very low when the returns are
taken into account. He expects to
sell at $100 an acre for cleared land,
which should indeed be a strong inducement  to settlement.
Copper River, Lakelse, Kltsumkalum, and some of the adjacent
valleys near the Canyon of the
Skeena all seem to have established
their reputation as being essentially
fruit producing sections. The advantage which they possess is that there
have been men who have gone in and
actually tested the land, producing
crops of berries and fruit that rank
second to none in the world. Grown
under the conditions that prevail
there now, it is reasonable to suppose that with the clearing up of
the districts the production can be
very materially increased.
Rich Ret urns
On settler In that section of the
country last year demonstrated the
fact that in the matter of strawberr-
ry culture the district had nothing in
the province that could in any way
give the same gratifying results. On
a section of lond only one hundred
feet to the side there was produced
$47.re worth of strawberries. While
it is possible that on an area lhat
small, owing to special attention being given to It there might be
rather better results proportionately
than there could he expected on
larger plots, yet there is a margin to
go on which makes it quite within
reason to believe that It, is easy to
product under tbe conditions prevailing there up lo $2,000 an acre,
which is sufficient to warrant any
horticulturist to enter upon the undertaking.
In other parts of British Columbia, it is considered a very rich return If $l,f)00 an acre is taken from
the soil in this line of Industry.
There is thus a wide margin in favor
of the  Skeena valleys.
Great Opportunities
Undoubtedly the long days, with
the clear sunshine which Is so characteristic of this part of tips province has its effect In producing the
magnificent class of fruit which has
been grown In these valleys. The
opening up of the country and the
continued cultivation of the soil will
materially affect the production In a
beneficial way. The seasons will be
earlier in the more exposed parts
and  in  consequence there will be a
continued period of ripening extending over a considerable time and giving a succession of crops dependent
in large measure upon the particular
exposure of the land.
A party of local men last week
made a tour to the Kltsumkalum
and the Lakelse districts looking
over the conditions there and enjoying a holiday. Among them was Dr.
Kergin, who has come back enthusiastic over the district visited and the
valleys that are in the same belt.
He believes that the time is approaching when that part of the
country will become famed for the
fruit farms. The climatic conditions when he was there were excellent and augured great things for
the production along the lines indicated.
There will probably be several
more areas along the Skeena that
will in the end be found to be of
value as fruit producers and the
start that Mr. Sanders is making will
but be tbe beginning of a new order
of things in this district.
Excellent  Market
In point of market the producers
of these valleys have conditions that
are sure to be excellent. They have
in Prince Rupert the promise of a
never-failing consumer. With the
development of the mining sections
of the country in the interior another of the very best kind will be provided. In the case of the Copper
River Valley there is a rich mineral
district right within reach of the
area, the Copper Valley being looked
upon as a good mineral producer.
From the standpoint of Prince
Rupert, all citizens will hail with delight the openin gup of these districts. It means the supplying of the
the city with necessities and at the
same time builds up independent settlements that must look to this city
for their supplies. Trade of a local
character w'Jl be developed and
towns will be built up that will be
mutually complementary to one another.
Co-operative Plan
In the Okanagan and the Similka-
meen the owners of large tracts
cleared the land, subdivided it and
in cases where it was desired set out
the orchards and attended to them
until such time as the buyer was
ready to go upon them and reap harvests from them. A somewhat, similar eourse ay have to be followed in
some cases In this northern country.
In that way the cost of caring for
the orchards Is reduced, owing to Its
being out on the co-operative plan
and at the same time the seeker
after rural life Is at liberty lo continue In some other calling until the
fruit trees come Into bearing. In
the case of Ihe north there Is such a
rich return from the small fruits
that the farmer may with good reason expect lo derive bis living from
this side of the Industry while awaiting the bearing stage of the apple
and other trees.
 o	
Additions to Staff
A. E. McMaster, local manager of
the Grand Trunk Pacific, has been
having changes made in connection
with his staff.
G. T. P. PARTY COMING
(Continued from Page One)
A reply favorable or otherwise had
been expected before this. It is
probable, however, that a trip to
London which Mr. Hays had to
make, interfered with the plans and
following that was the projected trip
to the city which is now approaching.
With a settlement reached there
are reasons to believe that the summer will see a very active campaign carried on by the Grand Trunk
Pacific in the way of permanent
works here. The carrying out of
such a policy in conjunction with
the opening up of the great north
in all directions and the active work
in the line of streets would make
Prince Rupert one of the most active
e'ities on the coast.
A notice has been posted by the
company calling upon all trespassers
in the way of shack dwellers, etc., to
vacate the Grand Trunk Pacific reserve. This augurs a policy of cleaning up on the part of the company
with respect to its property and may
also mean a continuation of rock
cuttin gto meet the necessities for
terminal works here if a settlement
is reached  with  the city.
Customs Changes
The customs house is being moved
from the post office building to the
premises formerly occupied by J.
Plercy Morris & Co., on Centre
street.
 o	
Mrs. W. G. Naden will entertain
her friends at a bridge party on
Thursday afternoon.
(iOOl) TEACHING  STAFF
Inspector's Report Upon the School
Is a Very Gratifying
One
The school trustees met yesterday
afternoon and among other business
transacted was the election of a secretary to take the place of C. H.
Sawle, who has resigned. A number
of applications were received for the
position which calls for only a part
of the time of that official. The
board unanimously decided that in
view of the fact that W. D. Vance,
of the city hall staff, who in his
present position has to handle the
funds of the board, should be selected, thus simplifying the work of the
board.
The report of Inspector Leith was
presented in which he passed upon
the various members of the teaching
staff. His report was regarded as a
very favorable one to the entire
teaching staff. He advised that the
roof of the building should be made
waterproof, and also urged some
other slight changes.
In connection with the roof leaking the attention of the government
agent will be called to the matter
as the building is still in their hands.
With respect to the specimens of
birds which had been offered to the
board by Rev. J. H. Keen, of Metla-
katla, a little different aspect was
put upon It by a letter from him in
which he stated that the specimens
were not mounted. It was decided
to have a report from Principal Hunter before taking action.
Several accounts were passed.
NOTICE
A meeting will be held In the
office of the Empress Theatre (basement, next to telegraph office),
Wednesday evening, May 31, at 6:30
sharp, to discuss the formation of a
branch of the Musicians' Mutual
Protective Union for Prince Rupert.
All musicians interested in the
movement are cordially invited to
attend.
J. S. GRAY.
'FRANK STEVENS.
n Ilo pan a n an a on a a a a n n an pa a II a
SHERWIN & WILLIAMS
PAINTS
COVER THE EARTH.
WE   ARE   SOLE   AGENTS
CARLOAD JUST ARRIVED
Ready Nixed Paints,
Paints Ground is Oil,
Paints Ground in Japan,
Varnishes, Shellac, etc.
Water Stains
and
Decotint
IN ALL COLONS
Prince Rupert Hardware & Supply
Company, Ltd.  thos. dunn, m*.
BBESBBBBBEBBBBBBBBEEBBBBBB
You Can Avoid This
by sending your Clothes to the
PIONEER  STEAM   LAUNDRY
There are Many
Reasons Why
IT   IS   TO   YOUR   INTEREST
We do first-class work and
are careful with your Garments. We can do your work
and return It within 48 hours
if necessary. We call for your
laundry and return It to you.
Should anything be lost or misplaced we will make It satisfactory.
When your Laundry goes to the Chinks there are many drawbacks. When you send It to us your money helps pay WHITE
LABOR.
PIONEER STEAM LAUNDRY
We Require Listings of Inside Business Property
Also Residence Property of Right Prices
M.M. Stephens & Co. Ld.
Real Estate, Insurance and Investments,
Notaries, Nines, Timber
Box 275
PHONE 222
PRINCE RUPERT, B.C.
OFFICE  THIRD  AVE.
NOTICE
A general meeting of the Prince
Rupert General Hospital Association
will be held In the Police Court
Room, on Tuesday, June 6th, 1911,
at 8 p. m.
Business:—To revise the Bylaws of the association.
A. CUTHBERT,
5-30—6-6 Secretary.
OVERSEAS CLUB
A special meeting of the members
of the Overseas Club will be heid at
the Westholme Lumber Company's
hall, on Wednesday next, the 31st
Inst., at 8 p. m., when members are
requested to return all unsold concert tickets and to make payment
for those disposed of.
HARRY W.  BIRCH,
Asst. Sect.

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