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Prince Rupert Journal 1910-10-11

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 New Wellington
is the best
Sole Agents
Ptinu fittpiri
Job Printing
In all Lines
Published Twice a Week
Price, Five Cents
NO 34.
Aldermen  Metaphorically  Clawed Each
Others Hair at Council
References Are Made to Gallery Play
And Pluming Km- Voting
At the council meeting last evening the city engineer reported upon
the question of a water supply on
Ninth avenue. He had found that
there were fifty dwellings that could
be served from a six-Inch main If
2,000 fet of Inch and a half pipe were
laid. This would cost about $400
and if all were connected up a revenue of $40 a month would be derived.
He further reported upon the different position he recommended for
the twenty fire hydrants. He stated
that connection by hydrants on less
than four-inch pipes was of little advantage as the pressure was too
small to be of effective service ln a
He advised another six inch main
in the alle> between Second and
Third avenues which would become
part of the permanent water distribution system.
Aid. Hilditch wanted to know if it
were necessary to draw the attention
of the city engineer through the
council before any additional water
supply was given. He thought
wherever a revenue was to be derived
a supply should be given. Over Hays
creek ther would be a large number
of connections if the water were supplied. He thought every part of the
city where a revenue could be de-
irved had a right to the water supply. He thought the officials might
well keep on the lookout for services
to be put In.
He also noticed that there was no
provision for a hydrant near the sash
and door factory which had been
Aid. Pattullo said every part of
the city that had asked for water
with the exception of Ninth avenue
had got a water supply. At the pres
ent time the officials could not
reasonably be expected to be engaged
finding places where water pipes
were to be put in. The engineer's
department had done a lot of work.
With the demands at present upon
the finances of the city they were not
(Continued on  Page Eight)
Many Hundreds Lose Lives in   Forest
Conflagrations Near Rainy
Inhabitants of Minnesota And Northern Ontario Sillier From
Winnipeg, Oct. 10'—Fires in Minnesota, along the boundary line between Canada and the United States,
have caused a great loss of life and
property. Seven towns, New Beau-
dette, New Spooner, Graceton, Pitt,
Cedar Spur, Swift and Roosevelt,
have been destroyed. It Is estimated
the dead will range from two hundred to five hundred.
General Superintendent Cameron
of the Canadian Northern, who Is
just back from the scene, says the reports of five hundred having perished are probably conservative ln their
Fifty houses ln Temo Mills were
Wires For Aid
Rainy River, Oct. 11.—W. A.
Preston, M.P.P. for the district, has
arrived here and wired the Ontario
Government for aid for the Rainy
River District which also has suffered loss.
Creates a Record
Winnipeg, Oct. 11.—Staff correspondents at Rainy River in reports
indicate the devastation at the scene
of the fire Is the greatest in the history of American forest fires. One
hundred and fifty-nine bodies have
been recovered.
Two hundred typhoid fever patients had to be removed from New
i Continued on Page Four)
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Oct. 11.—Yesterday to.
15. Ross, member for Ferule, was
sworn in Minister of Lands. Hon.
Price Ellison, formerly Minister of
Lands, lias accepted the portfolio of
.Minister of Finance and Agriculture,
and HAs also sworn in yesterday. A.
E. McPhillips, K.C., of Victoria, the
member for the Islands, lias been
given the portfolio of president of
the council succeeding Hon. F. Carter-Cotton, whose resignation was accepted yesterday morning,
Fernie Byelection
. .Tbe nomination for the election in
Fernie will take place October 21,
and if an election is necessary it will
be held October 22. It is generully
believed that Fernie will return the
new minister unopposed.
The New Minister
The taking into the cabinet of Mr.
Ross will come as no surprise, as
he has been looked upon as one of
the most likely to be called upon to
accept office. He has been a member of the legislature continuously
ever since the introduction of party
lines in this province. In his support of the McBride Government he
has been a most consistent follower
being party whip ever since the elevation of Hon. Thomas Taylor to the
cabinet. He is a ready speaker and
an able debater both In the house
and on the platform.
As chairman of the private bills
committee of the House, he showed
.splendid executive ability and won
honor among the members of both
sides of the House, the position being one of the most exacting among
the duties of the House. He is very
popular in the legislature and outside
of It, being known as "Billy" to all
his  friends.
William Roderick Ross, M.A., K.
C, is a son of Donald Ross and
Annie MacKenzie, both Scotch. He
was born in March 29, 1869, at Fort
Chipewyan, Athabaska. His father's
family had been employed by the
Hudson Bay  Company for two gen
erations back. He was educated at
St. John's College, Winnipeg, where
he took his degrees of B.A. and M.A.
He was married on October 5, 1892,
to Miss Leila Young, and they have
five children. He Is vice-president of
the Northern Coal & Coke Company,
Ltd. In 1903 he was elected as a
Conservative for the Fernie riding
for the provincial assembly, and was
re-elected In 1907 and 1909.
President of Council
A. E. McPhilllps, K.C., who has
been given the portfolio of president
of the council, which carries no
salary, is not new to the work of the
cabinet. He was attorney-general in
the first cabinet formed by Premier
McBride, but on an appeal to the
country he was defeated in Victoria.
Later he contested the Islands successfully against T. to. Paterson,
now Lieutenant-Governor, and has
sat ever since for that constituency.
Re was born at Richmond Hill,
County of York, Ont., In 1861, being
the son of George McPhillips, D.L.S
C.E., and was educated at Manitoba
college.     He   studied   law   and   was
called to the Manitoba bar in 1882,
and the British Columbia bar (i i
1891, He wears c j medal and clasp
of 188"], having served through the
Northwest rebellion as lieutenant in
the 90th Rifles. Before tiie introd te-
tion of party lines in the province he
served in the legislature, being elected in 1898 and again in. 1900. He
is a very strong Roman Catholic. His
wife is a daughter of the late Hon.
A. E. B. Davie.
Completes Cabinet
The taking into the cabinet of
these two ministers completes the
cabinet of Hon. Mr. McBride.
The transfer of Ron. Price Ellison
to the finance department will be
popular as Mr. Ellison is regarded as
an eminently safe man. He has had
occasion to deal in '..trge projects
during his residence in the province
and has the confidence of the money
interests. The department of agriculture is one also In which he is
very deeply interested, being one of
the largest ranchers In the province.
He has lived in British Columbia
since 1876 and has taken a deep interest in public affairs from the first.
Some  Aldermen   Favor   Proceeding   at
Once With Work on
Third Avenue.
His  Worship   Gives   Advice   As To
Avoiding Alarm at the
Through the Government-Agent
here the Provincial Government has
served formal notice up in the city
that under section 22 of the Act of
Incorporation any further advances
to the city for works provided for
under agreement will cease. In so
doing the Government at Victoria is
but carrying out the letter and the
spirit of the Act. The section in question reads as follows: —
22. Whereas, certain moneys
have already been dispensed and
are yet to be disbursed by the
Government in necessary imtiii-
clpal work on the territory embraced in sold city, upon the
understanding that the city,
when incorporated, would repay
the same not later than the first
(lay of October, 1010, it is hereby declared that the said advances constitute a debt due
from said city to the Government payable "«t later than snid
date, with interest thereon at
four per cent from the (Into
said advances were made until
paid. The council of the city is
hereby empowered to pass a bylaw for the issue of debentures
sufficient when sold to repay
said advances and interest. The
said bylaw shall not be submitted to the electors of tbe city
for approval.
The course which the Government.
lias pursued Is a regular one, and
one concerning which It had no
choice but to act upon as it did.
It Is little short of criminal at a
Aid.    Hilditch    Wants    Information
Which He is Told is Forthcoming
At the council meeting last evening, Aid. Hilditch asked that the
heads of each departmenl in the city
should bring in a statement, of the
expenses and receipts. In this he
would like to have the capital expense In a separate list. The receipts
should be Included.
Aid Mobley agreed with this. The
aldermen had not let the business
get away from them. He had a general Idea In his own department but
a detailed statement would be valuable.
Aid. Pattullo said that the officials'
had already begun on that work.
Aid. Hildltch said that the request
he had was somewhat different.
It was after some discussion allowed to stand over as Aid. Pattullo
said he had taken steps to have the
statements prepared.
 o —
Robert Carlisle, of Vancouver, Probably Committed Suicide
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Oct. 11.—The party decomposed body of Robert Carlistle,
of Vancouver, was found on Sunday
near 17-mile post on the line of the
E. & N. railway. It Is believed to
have been a case of suicide. A rifle
with muzzle pointing toward the
head was found lying near the body.
time like this to represent the situation other than in its true light.
This action on the part of the
Government can have no effect upon
the financial situation. For selfish
reasons there has been a tendency
in some quarters to make it appear
as a move that could be Interpreted
as lack of confidence on the part of
the Government in the civic administration. The action on the part of
the Government can have no such interpretation put upon it. The administration at Victoria is bound by
the laws, of the province just as
much as any private Individual is
bound. In the course it has pursued
It has simply complied with the
statutes passed by the legislature.
The Government of Premier McBride has undoubtedly the deepest
sympathy with this city in Its efforts
to grapple with questions that are
exceedingly large. It is known that
the Premier himself takes the deepest interest in this place. When t
whole of the earlier history of J , ince
Rupert is made known it will be
found that the hand of Hon. Mr. McBride played a most important part
in ensuring a great seaport here and
frustrating moves that might have
resulted in holding this place back.
He is quite as solicitous as to the
future of Prince Rupert as he is regarding any southern city. The policy
of the Premier it will be found is
not one of centralizing commerce at
any one port or any centre. He is Interested in seeing the widest development in all parts of his native
If the people of this city will but
consider for a moment the situation
as it now exists they will realize that
the cutitng off of further advances
is but a business proposition that
was provided for nearly a year ago.
When it became necessary that
there should be money available for
pressing works in this city upon
which the council could begin work
as soon as it came into power the
Government at Victoria made provision for advancing it at the low rate
of four per cent. It was also provided that ln order to provide the
means for returning this money any
bylaw with that object in force
should not require to be assented to
by the ratepayers as in the ordinary
course. As this move was only Intended as a temporary arrangement
to meet, a peculiar condition it was
provided that it should not be continued indefinitely. October first was
the date fixed for the close of this
method of raising funds without the
consent of the electors. When October 1 arrived the Government acted
according to arrangement and in
compliance with the statutes.
The method of thus obtaining
money was a simple one and It is
a pity the necessary amount for the
electric lighting was not so secured
before the expiration of the time allowed. Unfortunately the council
was unable to estimate exactly what
would be required for the lighting
plant and put off the date of drawing on the Government as long as
possible. They were apparently not
fully advised  regarding    their legal
powers in the matter and the time
went by.
No delay should result in consequence, however, as the money has
been readily advanced by the Bank
of Commerce and at most a small
difference in interest is all that will
be lost, the bank charging six per
cent on all money advanced while
the Government charged four per
cent. On the other hand ;! e bank
will be charging interest only on the
amount advanced from ''me to lime
to meet the cost of the plant, while
in the case of the Government it
would have been necessary under
the statute to have irawn al that
it was estimated the planl would
cost before October 1 so it would
have probably amounted to as riuch
as by dealing with  the bank.
The great advantage to have been
gained was in preventing delay in
passing the bylaw which would not
have required fhe approval of the
electors had the government funds
been drawn on.
There is nothing to be gained by
misrepresenting the situation, ho'v-
ever. The money is available. The
credit of the city is apparently all
right, the Government has acted In
good faith In carrying on' what it |
agreed to do and there should be no I
loss of time as a result of the altered condition of affairs.
W lien Prince Rupert peopl» learn I
to pull together for the advantage of
the city the place will ™n ahead that
much faster. No advantage is to be
gained by hampering the cr uncil in
its work.
There was quite an audience present at the council meeting last evening, no doubt due to an anxiety on
the part of the citzens to learn how
the street, work was to be arranged
for in view of the report that had
been circulated that the Bank of
Montreal had expressed its readiness
to advance another $90,000 for work
in section one.
The expected discussion in open
council seemed likely to pass until
Aid. Pattullo introduced a bylaw to
provide for the issuing of debentures
to raise the necessary money to put
in the electric lighting. In introducing the bylaw he took occasion
to express his regret, that there had
not. been more harmony among the
citizens with respect to the conduct
of civic affairs. It was not to be
wondered at perhaps as they could
not expect "the leopard to change
his spots, tiie Ethopian hist skin, or
the skunk his stink,". The only way
to accomplish the end was to kill the
Aid. Pattullo added that Mr.
Christie of the Canadian Bank of
Commerce had expressed the willingness o." his bank to finance this pro-
po ,on, advancing the money necessary.
Ud. Lynch said in view of the fact
th the linarce committee was showing itself able to get money he
thought work should go along on
Third avenue. He thought they
might call for tenders for the work
now on Third avenue.
His     orship recalled that he had
stated whf i the bank had decided to
make the move it did a few days ago
that there was no need of alarm. He
j had   felt  sure   ihe  money  would   be
j forthcoming.     He  would  like  to re-
| mind  the citizens thai  this    council
i had been elected to carry on the affairs of the city.    The council would
continue  to do so and  it  would  be
better to allow them to do so.     He
said this in view of a move that had
(Continued  oa   Page  Five)
Fied 0. Herschi. g of Porcher Island Met
Death  By  His Own
Feeling Now in London Against the Renewal of the
Many  Points  That   Are  Objected   to
by British Interests in Trade
(Special to The Journal)
London, Oct. 11.—There has been
adverse criticism as a result of the
report that the Anglo-Japanese alliance will be renewed at the end of
Its present term. There Is still live
years unexpired and in that time
there will be many representations
to the foreign office against the continuance of the arrangements.
Already the China association—a
powerful politico-commercial organization of Britisli merchants and ex-
officials in London and the Chinese
ports, has voiced the white man's objections to a treaty with the Japanese and a strong protest against the
aggressiveness of tbe latter ln Korea,
the misappropriation of British trade
marks, the repudiation of contracts,
after samples have been copied In
Japan, and general sllpperiness In
commercial transactions.
Moreover Britishers in the east
are angry that the safeguarding of
British Interests in Chinese waters
should have been left almost entire
ly to the Japanese fleet, notwithstanding the conviction of the Australians that the Japanese have eyes
on their territory for future colonization.
The present treaty was concluded
just five years ago, for ten years,
succeeding and extending the former
treaty of 1902. At first It wns limited to China and Korea, but now It
covers all "the regions of eastern
Asia and India." Moreover, the
original trenty confined mutual assistance to a conflict witli a comblna- j
tion of powers, whereas the treaty
today provides for such unity In the
event of nggresslve action wherever c
arising on the part of any power or
Japan   was  given   a  free  hand   In'
Korea, and England's right In India
was similarly outlined with such dis-'
tlnctness as to pledge Japanese assistance In  case  of a  frontier con-!
flict with another power.    But since
then   the  annexation   of   Korea  and!
the   Japanese   agreemnt   with   Rus-|
sia have altered the situation, so that t
if the main principles of the Anglo j
Japanese alliance are continued after!
the treaty Is overhauled In  1915 It!
Is certain that there will be substan—
tlal modifications. And If the present
government remaalns In    power    In
England the alliance will be drafted '
witli greater safeguards, In view of
the      danger       of      entanglements
through the wide scope given to the
trenty   by   the   conservative   foreign
secretary, Lord Lansdowne.
It, is said that the reason for Lord
His Body Will Be Sent to Roseburg,
Oregon, Where lie formerly
Lansdowne's arrangements was that
a secret agreement existed between
Kussia and Germany Involving results in the far east that England
could not view with equanimity.
That was the reason also for Lord
Lansdowne's refusal in the house of
lords at that time to publish the
communications, which woul 1 havo
revealed loo much of an alt.rmlng
character In International relations.
Since tlion the horizon has cleared
considerably, so that the critics of
the alliance may be partially satisfied, at any rate, by limitations of the
treaty for tbe future
Dr. Ewing Is Pleased With Outlool
at Vine Mile Mountain
Dr. Ewing, who has just returned
from Hazelton where he made a visit
to the Silver Cup mine, It very well
pleased with the showing there. He
says the property has now passed
the prospect stage and is ce lie ranked as a mine. A shipmen' Of 55 tons
of ore is being got ready for the
smelter and will be brought down as
soon as facilities are obtained for
handling It.
The latest tunnel which Is be .ng
driven In below the first tw has
been pushed 30 feet and is In good
ore. The depth of the vein hns been
proven by these tunnels driven about
1 r,0 feet apart.
Other properties In the neighborhood, he says, are also looking well.
An accident occurred on Porclier
Island yesterday by which Fred O.
Herschlng lost liis life by the discharge of a rifle. He was in the act
of cleaning or fixing the rifle when
it went off. He died shortly afterwards.
His body was brought here by
William Lane and liis p 'tner, Mr.
The facts were gone Into by  Mr.
McMullin, the coroner, who decldt d
i ii ii t the man's death was puree-  • ne
of accident  and  thai  nn Inquest    .
The deceased was a meber of the
P, O. E., and the local Eagles are
looking after t ic- arrangements ''or
forwarding the bod; to Roseburg,
Oregon, where lie formerly lived, 'le
had been engaged a. n rancher on
Porcher Island.
UNKNOWN sricii)..;
Body of Man Found In Vict., •
Revolver in  Hand
(Special to The Journal)
Victoria, Oct. 11.—The body of an
unknown man about fifty years of
age was found on Sunday at Shot-
lioll's Hill. There was a bullet wound
In the back of his head and a revolver was clutched In his right hand
C. S. McConnell, of Vancouver,
who has spent some time In the city,
went south last evening.
1 I
Tuesday, October 11, 1910
Nany Important Documents Were Lost
to the Nation in Previous
Greater   Care   is   Now   Exercised
Guunl  Manuscripts of
There is a romantic article on
"The National Archives"—those
manuscripts of national history
which fill the record office in Chancery lane—in a recent issue of the
Quarterly Review. It gives one some
idea of the value of these documents
and of tiie care now taken of them as
compared witli the neglect of days
gone by.
"Visitors to the interesting museum erected on the site of the old
Rolls Chapel are able to view the
iron-bound chests and leather pouches which formed the primitive receptacles of priceless records," says
the writer. "There, too, they may
see specimens of ancient charters
and writs, under successive devices
of the royal seal, or bearing the sign-
manuals of well-instructed kings, together with tokens of a wealth of
state papers and historical autographs that could scarcely be matched in any other country.
Romance of the Archives
"The romance of the archives has
also an archaeological interest which
Is frequently demonstrated by English antiquaries. The ancient palaces of the kings of England were
naturally selected as the repositories
of records; and we are told that
these were as precious to our sovereigns as the relics and regalia beside which they were deposited.
"Closely connected with these ancient treasures of records were the
strongrooms in Westminster Abbey,
in the Temple Church and in the
Rolls Chapel itself, which has superseded all other repositories. From a
very early date this classic site,
commemorated by Matthew Paris,
and associated, after his time, with a
long succession of famous judges and
divines, was apparently destined to
be the lasting receptacle of the public records.
MSS. Which Were Lost
"The earliest custody of the public
records is marked by many strange
vicissitudes and many quaint devices
down to the year 1838, when the
sixty scattered record offices of the
metropolis were forced, by the pressure of public opinion, to yield up
their contents to the new repository
on tiie Rolls estate (in Chancery
"The documentary treasures of
which we are justly proud are, after
all, the fortunate survivors of a great
debacle. We have certainly good reasons for believing that the records
preserved to ns form by far the most
important portion of the entire
series; hut even the famous Chancery enrolments are incomplete. The
total loss that we have suffered in
respect of original instruments and
detached documents can scarcely be
estimated; and apparently no serious
attempt has ever been made to calculate the extent of the deficit in
individual series.
"It is true that foreign archives
have probably suffered more extensive damage than our own; but these
losses have been largely the outcome
of invasion or civil war, while ours
are chieHy due to the Inefficiency or
apathy of the official custodians. The
almost incredible recital of these
misdeeds may be perused in the reports of parliamentary committees
during the eighteenth century; and
the charges have been repeated by
modern antiquaries.
Heritage of the Ages
"Some of us will recall the brilliant passages in which the late Prof.
Maltland described those shameful
scenes; and a fairly comprehensive
sketch will he round in the most recent Btory or the archives. Painful
as tliis story is, it lias a moral Hint
must in- Impressed upon the public
consclt inc. Th,, heritage of (lie ages
must be closely guarded by its official trustees, for moth and rust
can corrupt even the treasure of
kings. Unfortunately the prerogative of the crown has for a long time
past been impaired in several Important particulars. During the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
legal records and state papers were
removed from official custody with
complete Impunity. The records of
the Assize Court throughout England have ben abandoned since the
reign or Edward IV to Inadequate
local custody, and the bulk of these
records have long since perished.
Even In the present day state documents are openly sold by booksellers
whose title the most zealous official
would scarcely venture to question.
Where MSS. Were Housed
"Such was the treatment of the
ancient archives of this country from
their earliest inception down to the
accession of Queen Victoria. There
primitive, but not insecure, custody
in royal palaces or churches had
been exchanged during the eighteenth century for emergency quarters In numerous defective repositories, where the ravages of hungry
vermin and the greed of ill-paid officials completed their destruction.
Here, moreover, the records were almost as Inaccessible to the public as
in the days when lions roared and
arms clashed within the Tower, or
when watchmen in coats of mail
stood on guard outside the Treasury
at  Winchester.
Change in Keeping the MSS.
"In his first report, presented in
the year after the passing of the Public Record Office Act of 1838, the
then deputy-keeper, Sir Francis Pal-
grave, describes his official premises
as consisting of certain chambers in
the old Rolls house, supplemented by
a stable and coach-house in the Rolls
yard, while the Rolls chapel Itself
served as a general repository. Fifteen years elapsed before the building of the great repository in Fetter
Lane was taken in hand. Since that
date the aggrandisement of the Rolls
office has kept pace with the vast
expansion of the civil service, and
the cost of the English record establishment during the last, ten years
has been proportionately greater
than that of similar institutions elsewhere.
"In all this a great transformation
has been effected, largely by the administrative ability of Sir Henry
Maxwell Lyte. We now possess a
fine approach to the imposing buildings which form a connected repository and official bureau. The museum displays itsi nstructive contents,
which have afforded a rich treat to
hundreds of visitors and students;
the corridors and searchrooms are
well lighted and heated; there is a
sense of cleanliness and centilation;
the shelves are filled with helpful
inventories; and many other conveniences have been added, including an
extension of hours, for which older
readers, at least, are profoundly
Name Has Been a Popular One in the
Annals of the British
History of the Vessels That Bore the
Appellation  in   Years
Gone By
Minister of Land of Victoria Succeeds
in Placing Britishers
The Hon. Hugh McKenzie, minister
of lands, Victoria, Australia, and Dr.
Edwood Mead, chairman of the IVc-
torian water supply commission of
the same state, have finished their
mission in Great Britain, which was
to bring under the notice of the British people the advantages which the
Victorian government offer in the irrigation settlements of the state.
Their mission has been a success.
About 2,000 men, mostly young, and
possessing a little capital, have determined to leave this country and
settle in Victoria, and devote their experience of intensive cultivation to
irrigation farming. As settlers ot
this class must represent at least a
capital of £200 each, £400,000 will
soon be transferred, with the skill
and experience behind it, to the development of Victoria.
Lord Goschen presided at a complimentary dinner to the delegation,
and Dr. Elwood Mead, in the course
of an able speech, pointed out that
the new settlers would bring to their
new environments saving habits and
an ambition to carve out in a new
country homes for themselves and
families. Closer settlement, he said,
had proved the turning point, in Victoria's agricultural progress. Large
farms could not make hay growing
a success in Victoria, owing to tbe
alienee of labor, but in a small farm
the enterprising man, such as was
being sent, out from this country,
would produce six crops of lucerne a
year. "The Victorian lucerne growers of this generation will be the
bankers of the next," Dr. Mead predicted. With the development of Irrigation farming Victoria would
soon produce butter that would be
:is popular in England as the Dutch
article. Irrigation gives green food
the year through,
A large number of fruil-groweis
and market gardeners are going ont
from England, and the result of their
efforts will certainly be a grea' development, in the trade of canned
vegetables to meet, a new ind promising market in the Far Ea*t.
A bashful suitor at last summed
up enough courage to remark to the
young lady, "Mary, I've been striving hard for a long time to make you
care for me. Do you think I'm—
making any progress?"
"Well," said the young lady, "I
don't know whether you're making
any progress, but I'm sure if you
care to, you can hold your own."
The name of Devonport's new
cruiser is not one of the happiest in
our naval annals, although there are
few indeed that can rival it in point
ol antiquity, says the London Globe.
Four hundred years ago—in 1511, to
be exact—English shipping in the
North Seat suffered much annoyance
at the hands of one Andrew Barton,
who witli Andrew Wood was one of
the commanders of the fleet of
James IV of Scotland. These men
voyaged under letters of marque and
were remarkably impartial in their
However, the government of the
day took no notice of their depredations and at last the Earl of Surrey took matters into his own hands,
fitted out two ships at his own expense and set his own sons—Lord
Edward and Lord Thomas Howard—
in command of them. Barton had
two ships with him, but they were
scattered by a storm. The same thing
happened to the Howards ships, but
in the end Lord Thomas fell in with
Barton himself and bis brother with
the other Scottish ship.
Stout fighters as the Scots were,
the result of the actions was to add
two ships to the navy of 1511, one
Barton's own ship, the Lion, of 120
tons, and the other the Jenny Perwin
of 70 tons. Barton himself was killed and the affair led to war and the
battle of Flodden. King Henry's
answer to James IV's complaints of
the attack on Barton was to the effect that "punishing pirates was
never held to be a breach of the
peace among princes."
Curiously enough another Lion
was taken from the Scots in 1547,
but she received such severe punishment at the hands of the Pansy that
she sank off Harwich before she
could be carried into port.
The first Lion actually built for
the navy dates from 1536. She was
a vessel of 140 tons, but carried no
fewer than 50 guns, two of brass
and 48 of iron, but it is doubtful if
any of them fired a shot of more than
twelve pounds weight. The heaviest
naval gun in use fifty years later
tired a shot of only 66 pounds, and
the Ark Royal, of 800 tons, flagship
In the Armada campaign, mounted
only four of these. During the next
two centuries we find all sorts of
variations on the name which Vic-
countess Clifden gave to Devonport's
cruiser recently.
There were "Red Lions," "White
Lions," "Golden Lions" "Rose
Lions," "Two Lions," and whole
broods of "Lion's Whelps," these last
frequently built in batches and numbered like the torpedo boats of today. Among these, however, one
particular "Golden Lian" stands preeminent. She was built In 1582, had
a tonnage of 500 and was manned
with a crew of 250 men, 30 being
gunners, 70 soldiers and 150 mariners.
Her armament consisted of 60
pieces of what in those days passed
for ordnance. These were four
"demicannon" the weight of the gun
being 4,000 pounds, and of its shot
30 >4 pounds; eight 4,500 pound
"culverins" firing a 17 Vi-pound shot,
15 "dem-culverlns," 3,400 pounds In
weight and tiring a 9,pound shot, and
nine 1,400-pound "sakers" with a
5-pound shot. These constituted the
"heavy armament." In addition
ther were eight "fowlers," 16 "fowler chambers," and one "falcon." The
longest ranging gun was the deml-
culverln, which was effective at 20
score paces.
The oGlden Lion Is often referred
lu without the gilding adjective, and
when she wns rebuilt In 1009 it was
officially discarded. She sailed with
Drake to Cadiz In 1587 to singe the
King of Spain's beard, much against
the Inclination of the skipper, one
William Borough, "a distinguished
navigator and hydrographer, but no
warrior." Drake's plans struck him
as pure madness and he did little
to further the operations.
The result was that Borough was
tried on board the Elizabeth Bona-
venture by a primitive court-martial,
and sentenced to "abide the pains of
death," but he outlived both the sentence and his quarrel with Drake and
commanded the Bonavolia against
the Armada. In that fight the Lion
was second flagship, having Lord
Thomas Howard as her commander.
It was a new Lion that fought ln
the battel off the North Foreland in
1C53.    Twenty years later her cap
tain was killed In the first battle of
the "Schooneveld." Under Captain
John Torpley she took part in the action with the French off Beachy
Head in 1690, which brought so
much contumely upon Torrington,
but the ship had the satisfaction of
sharing ln Russell's great victory at
Barfleur two years later. It is not
until 1745 that we again find a Lion
in action. This time, commanded
by Captain Piercy Brett, she endeavored to prevent the flight of the
Young Pretender from Scotland to
France, but the Lion came off decidedly second best in the encounter
and retired with 5 killed and 107
wounded, of whom seven died later.
In 1759 the Lion was present at
the taking of Guadeloupe, where her
captain, William Trelawney, was
wounded. Twenty years later, fighting under Byron off Grenada, she
had a narrow escape from capture.
Byron conducted the battle in any-
held by Mr. Watson for the section of
thing but a capable manner, although the ineptitude of the French
prevented It from being the crushing
defeat it ought to have been. The
Lion and two other ships were cut
off from the main body and Byron
in his official report expressed his
"great surprise" that "no ship of the
enemy was detached after the Lion."
The latest addition to the British
navy represents the third stage in
the development of the battleship-
cruiser, flrst embodied in the design
of the Clyde-built ships Indomitable
and Inflexible an dthe Elswick production Invincible. In these earlier
ships a vast stride was witnessed In
two essentials, and they were „ the
flrst cruisers to have the principle of
the "all-big-gun" ship—which was
inaugurated in the Dreadnought battleship—given to them.
In the mixed armament of preceding cruisers, the heaviest weapon
mounted was the 9.2 gun, seen in the
Shannon and sister ships; while no
greater speed than 22% knots had
been attempted. In the Invincible
class, which received the designation
of battleship-cruiser, because of the
great approach in offensive powers
made by those ships to the battleship
—the developments consisted of increasing the gun-power to eight 12
inch guns, and raising the speed to
25 knots. Japan and one or two
other powers had introduced the 12
inch gun in their latest cruisers, and
Britain here took the bold step of
equipping cruisers almost similarly
with the heaviest battleships.
Next came the Indefatigable type
—two of which are building on the
Prince Rupert
Houses, Stores, Offices to Rent.
Real Estate       Exchange Block    Notary Public
Clyde for the New Zealand and Australian governments. No increase
was made in the gun-power, except
that the eight 12 inch weapons will
be in length of 50 calibres instead
of 45, and this will mean an increase
of 30 per cent in destructive force.
The dimensions of the hull have also
been slightly increased, and the engine-power raised from 41,000 to
43,000 to attain a little more speed.
The greater length of hull also permitted a better distribution of the
guns on the en-echelon principle for
broadside firing.
In the two latest ships the Lion
and Princess Royal—an enormous
development has, however, been provided for in the matter of speed.
Hitherto the designed rate of 25
knots had been reckoned sufficient;
but here the advance was suddenly
made to 28 knots. A greatly Increased displacement and engine-
power was given, the former rising
from 17,250 tons in the Indomitable
and 18,750 in the Indefatigable class
to 26,350 tons; while the horsepower
was increased to 70,000 units. An
important    feature   about this aug
mentation of speed is to observe that
with a considerably smaller hull the
new cruisers are to have actuallj
greater propelling power than the
Lusitania and Mauretanla, as the following comparison shows:—
Length. Tonnage. Power
Lusitania..    ..785    38,000     68,000
Lion    700    26,350    70,000
The Mauretanla has developed
26.6 knots as her highest in seagoing experience, and the Lion Is
expected to exceed this under similar conditions by three knots per
hour. The estimated speed is 28
knots, but every vessel ln the British navy usually attains in practice
a speed one knot per hour In excess
of estimated standards.
Newly-arrived American (to newsboy).—"How marvellously cheap
newspapers are In Scotland. We
have to pay more than double the
price in New York."
Newsboy (extending his hand).—
"You can pay double the price now
sir, if It will make you feel any more
at home!"    He got It.
*cjjh|hjmJm{.c|mJmjmj, <£•$$$ •:■•:••:••:■>:••:• •:«K"5"X'*'5"':>'5« *•:••:•* .:.-:• {•«:«•:< •:.»:«»>>:..:.,s.<<*c!<^i,h«:.*c> •:«*<• >>***.;.^.*
Is the Official Advertising
Medium for the City
of Prince Rupert
,,•..•. .:•.:.>:••:..:••:••:••:••:••:..:.•:••:..:..;. •:••:■•:•.:••:■*•:••:••:. ■:->:..:••:•.:..:..:..;
The Journal aims at keeping Prince Rupert
and new B.C. ever before the public eye. Send
it to your friends and any whom you wish to
interest in the coming Metropolis of the North.
>»* cJmMc- ♦;♦ »> .j.»;. •> .j. ♦>.;. »>»;, $ .> # * »>.;«♦>.;. .*. •>.;«,;, ,> .;,»•. #»;. ,j,,;,,;,,;, *,;, >;
> •> »> <* »> * »> •> »;• *> ►> *> <z* *> cj* •&»;«»> »> .j »> .>
^WWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWWI^ Tuesday, October 11. 1910
Timber Selling Transaction may be Carried to the Highest
Swift vs. David Judgment  Given by
Mr. Justice Clement Will Be
Taken to Privy Council
(Special to The Journal)
Vancouver, Oct. 7.—It is now stat.
ed that the next stage of the Swifl
i-s. David timber case will be in tb«
court of appeal of British Columbia,
where it will be carried by Mr. B. V.
Bodwell, K.C., counsel for the defend. Prom ther ln turn It will probably go to the supreme court of
Canada, and will wind up finally before the privy council in London.
Mr. E. P. Davis, K.C., will appear against the appeal on behalf of
the plaintiffs.
Below is the lull text of the reasons of the judgment given by Mr.
Justice Clement in the case, which is
of special interest to all having to
do with timber lands. His Lordship
awarded the plaintiffs $171,500 for
shortage of timber on claims sold by
Mr. Lester David to B. Swift and
associates in the Canadian Western
Lumber company.
The judgment is as follows:—
"The figures upon which my judgment is based are enclosed hereto
but some explanation of them and of
the general principles which I havd
laid down for myself in deciding in
this case s due to the parties. Under
the circumstances here I construe
'timber' as meaning what should be
included by a cruiser sent out by an
operating firm or company desirous
of ascertaining their available raw
material. The result of such a cruise
should be honestly set down as an
asset. The timber about which these
parties were contracting was entered as an asset in the company's
books to the extent in feet and
money set out, in the statement of
April 30, 1907, and attached to the
agreement sued on.
"The proper point of view, therefore, in my opinion, is not that of
the speculator in timber lands or the
optimistic seller, but of the actual
operator who looks to present conditions. Mr. Rankin, one of the plaintiffs' witnesses, put it fairly and correctly when he said: 'I considered
everything I could get on the mar-
.ket,' and in another place, 'a fair cutting estimate.' Acting on this principle I have included 'dead and
■down' as estimated by plaintiffs'
cruisers, and have also in one Instance allowed a large estimate of
shingle bolts because I believe and
find that the plaintiffs' cruisers have
in the main cruised with Intent to
arrive at a correct estimate of what
these plaintiffs could get on the market, and'it appears that 'dead and
down' and shingle bolls may to some
extent be profitably marketed. Piles
and poles I have not considered.
There Is no evidence that they can
be profitably marketed from these
lands and ii is besides practically impossible to reduce any of the estimates on this head to board measure.
"It will be seen by the annexed
Statement that I have rejected the estimates of defendants' cruisers. I
do so mainly for the reason that the
principle which I have adopted as
corerct was palpably Ignored. Mr.
Ilts, one of the defendants' witnesses,
testified that he cruised 'everything
there was on the ground' under a
specific direction to that effect from
Mr. Walker, who has charge of this
litigation for the defendant; Olts
'didn't cruise it to see what about
taking the ''mber out.' In short, he
and the other cruisers for defendants cruised without regard to the
two crucial tests, costs of logging
and market price; in other words,
without regard to present conditons.
In saying so, I do not wish to cast
reflections upon the competence or
honesty of defendants' cruisers. They
acted, I think, under instructions,
but the fact remains that the1'
cruised In such a way that their results are of very little use to me in
this case, however honestly #thelr
work for their employer was done.
Then again they adopted a system of
cross-verification which in its result
practically put them all in the same
boat, as showing identity of aim and
warrants the application of the
Vlrglllan maxim, as urged by Mr.
Davis, 'Ex uno disce omnes.'
"There Is a good deal 'of uncertainty, too, as to the areas actually
cruised by defendants' cruisers. They
had not the data which plaintiffs'
cruiser had. They cruised moreover
on a sixteen foot log basis, giving
larger results as Is generally admitted, when in fact there is practically
no such  log   In    British     Columbia
trade. I refer to these matters for
fear it might be thought that I consider them of no importance. They
are matters to be taken into account,
but in view of the general system
pursued as above outlined, they do
not bulk so large as they otherwise
might. "In the result, therefore, my
judgment as to the amount of timber upon the tracts In question here
is based upon the estimates of-the
plaintiffs' cruisers. Recogniizng that
the onus is on thep lalntiffs to satisfy
me affirmatively that there is a certain shortage I have had in view as
to each tract the point where I could
say I am satisfied that the timber on
th.s tract does not exceed so much.
It seems to me not unfair to debit
the plaintiffs with their highest
cruise in each case and that is what
I have done with something added to
make good measure. In some few
instances the figures appearing on
the estimate sheets put in at the
trial are modified by the evidence,
but on the whole I have taken percentage deductions with a large
grain of salt. I have not taken any
account of differences in the scales
which the various cruisers were in
the habit of using. Doyle's, Scrib-
ner's, B.C., etc., because I can find
nothing sufficiently tangible in the
evidence to warrant me in saying
that the work of cruisers Is appreciably affected thereby. In actual scaling of logs there Is, of course, a difference, not very clearly brought out
in evidence, but as the witnesses say
'cruising is a dilferent proposition'
and the scall variations in the different scales 'cut very little figure.'
"On the question of title, I debit
the plaintiffs with the timber on the
six disputed provincial licences. The
guarantee must be read as referring
to the fifty licences mentioned in the
statement of 30th of April, 1907, and
the defendant cannot on this record
be held responsible for the action of
the company in regard to these licenses after that date. As to other
disputes in reference to the ground
covered by the statement, I adopt the
lists put in by the plaintiffs, there
being really nothing to contradict
the evidence of Mr. R. J. McRae on
this point.
"I can find nothing in the evidence
to warrant a finding that the plaintiffs at any time accepted the proper
ties in dispute or any cruise or other
verification of them or any of them
as correct; or that they did anything
to work an estoppel.
"Nor can I accede lo Mr. Bodwell's
argument that lb■• just prop Win
which defendants agreed 'o pay in
case of a shortpgp, is to be arrived
at by assuming without evidence t.'.at
some assets ef th. company were ",c
eepted as wjrth the figure set cut in
the statement, leaving the timber
lands to be taV.en as acquired for
19 cents per thousand. With all
respect for the learned counsel, I
think the suggestion too fanciful for
serious consideration. In my opinon,
the language of the guarantee shows
with sufficient clearness that the defendant was to pay for any shortage
upon the various classes the value
per thousand respectively specified
in the statement. How one would
arrive at a just proportion if one or
more of the classes had overrun the
estimate does not arise here on the
facts for ther was, I find a shortage
of at least the amount mentioned in
the anneexd statements in respect of
each and every one of the specified
"The    plaintiffs   are   entitled
judgment with costs."
That Canada has exclusive rights
in Hudson Bay Is now conceded b*
many people here, states a Washington, D.C., despatch. This view has
grown since the decision of The
Hague Tribunal has been more carefully scanned. The tribunal was asked to determine from what point the
three marine miles shall he measured
In the case of bays and creeks, and
the answer was that "in tiie case of
bays the three marine miles are to
be measured from a straight line
drawn across the body of water at
the place where it ceases to have the
configuration and characteristics of
a bay." At all other places the three
marine miles are to be measured following the sinuosities of the coast.
Light is thrown upon the meaning
of this decision by the subsequent
treatment of the larger bays on the
coast. The Zale des Chaleurs, for
Instance, ts declared to be a closed
bay, and the line is to be drawn from
the points where the bay ends, that
is, from two headlands at the mouth
of the bay. These headlands are
twenty or twenty-five miles apart.
Fortune Bay, In Newfoundland, is
also a closed bay. The entrance to
Fortune Bay from headland to headland Is thirty miles wide. Thus, notwithstanding the width of the entrance to the bay, the bay is recog-
niezd as exclusively British property.
The  entrance  to   Hudson   Bay   Is
The Yukon Will Be Able to Boast of
the Largest in the
'Canadian"  Will Have  Capacity of
10,000   Cubic   Yards   of
Gravel a Day
Dawsonites now making the journey five miles from Dawson over the
Hunker boulevard to a point a mile
this side of Bear creek can now see
in the making the largest gold recovering machine ever designed, says
an exchange. Not in the history of
man, counting far back into the unfathomable darkness before the days
of Solomon when the gold f Ophir
enchanted the world, has there ever
been such a mammoth machine con-
clved or built by the hand of man to
recover the golden wealth scattered
in ages past in the secret pockets of
.Mother Earth.
The_ Canadian-Klondike Mining
company, Limited, is building the
giant dredge, and when it is finished
will have the honor of owning a boat
which will be the talk of the mining
President and General Manager
Joseph W. Boyle has more than 100
men engaged on the construction,
rushing the work day and night.
When the darkness would have sway
the numerous electric arc lights
make it almost as light as day, and
the work progresses without a hitch.
At the rate the undertaking is being pushed along, the dredge should
be finished and receive the juice before the end of the season. The outlook now is that the big machine will
have ample time for a thorough test
before the closing of the dredging
Mr. Boyle is enthusiastic over the
work. He is on the ground constantly.
Howard Brenner, the expert who
designed the machine in accordance
with the desires of the owners, is on
the ground directing the construction. He is one of the cleverest
dredge experts in the world, and was
sent from Marion, Orio, the home of
the builders, especially to assemble
the ship.
The dredge is to be known as,the
"Canadian." The name is taken from
the first part of the company's name.
Large metallic name plates are prepared to be placed on the side of the
The cost of the dredge will run
between $300,000 and $400,000.
Tne freight on the machinery alone,
to say nothing of the penalties to
be added because of the enormous
size of many parts, will reach something like  $100,000.
The dredge will be driven with
powed from the new plant now being
installed on the north fork of the
Klondike by A. N. CI Treadgold. The
giant motors for the new dredge are
on the ground. No transformers are
to be used on the dredge, and every
wire going aboard the boat, will be
absolutely insulated, and the craft
thus fully protected  from fire risk.
The digging line will have a 300-
horsepower motor, and will be guaranteed to stand an overload of 50 per
cent. A 200-horsepower motor will
operate the ladder hoist. The total
capacity of the motors is 1,000 horsepower. The motors were designed
especially for this work by the General  Electric company.
The digging ladder and the stacking ladder have steam heating appar-
Letter Heads, Envelopes,
Statements, Business Cards
Visiting Cards, etc., etc.
Prince Rupert Journal
Coast Land District—District of
:;i! NOTICE that I, J. Adolph
iFerry, oi Vancouver, B.C., occupation
book-keeper, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted on the north bans: of the
Skeena River, about a mile west of
Lot 31, thence north 40 chains,
thence east 80 chains to lot 31,
thence south 40 chains to bank of
Skeena River, thence west about 80
chains following north bank of
Skeena River to point of commencement, and containing about 320
Wm. A.  Roney, Agent.
Dated July 16th, 1910. Jy22
NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of
British Columbia at its next Session
for an Act to incorporate a company
with power to construct, equip,
maintain and operate a line or lines
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mclnnes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a
license to prospect for coal and petroleum    on    the    following    described
..■■.ill ".nc       cciici       -|.-.im^       »      ....v       u.        -  4 '   t \J        I, 1 1 (I 1 IJ E> , I   IICU1.V Glial. T<J        '-
of  railway  of  standard   guage  with I lands:— Commencing at a post plant- U6we south   to  the   bank    of
any kind of motive power for the
conveyance of passengers and freight,
and with all the powers contained
In the "Model Railway Bill": Commencing from a point at or near
Port Simpson, or Work Channel, in
the Coast District, British Columbia,
by the most feasible, desirable and
practicable route to a point on the
Eastern boundary of the Province of
British Columbia, via the South-west
side of Work Channel to the Skeena
River; thence up the North side of
the Skeena River to a point near
Hazelton; thence to the junction of
the Bulkley River; thence up the
right bank of this River eight (8)
miles to the Suskewa River; tlience
up this River by a low divide to the
bead of Babine Lake; thence to the
north end of Stuart Lake; thence
north of McLeod Lake to the Mis-
nichinca River; thence up the Mis-
nlchinca River by Summet Lake to
Pine River Pass; thence north-westerly to bead of Pine River, and down
this River to Moberley Lake; and
thence by the Peace River to the
Eastern boundary of the said Province of British Columbia; and with
power to construct, operate and
maintain all necessary bridges, roads,
ways and ferries; and to build, acquire, own and maintain wharves and
docks in connection therewith; and
to build, acquire, own, equip and
maintain steam and other vessels and
boats, and to operate the same on
any navigable waters; and with
power to build, equip, operate and
maintain telegraph and telephone
lines in connection with the said
Railway and branches, and to transmit messages for commercial purposes, and to charge tolls therefor;
and to generate and to sell electricity
for the supply of light, heat and
power; and with power to expropriate lands for the purposes of the
Company; and to acquire lands,
money bonuses, privileges or other
aids from any Government, municipal corporation or other persons or
bodies; and to levy and collect tolls
from all persons using, and on all
freight passing over any of such
roads, railways, ferries, wharves and
vessels built by the Company; and
with power to connect with and make
traffic or other arrangements with
railway, steamboat, or other companies:
Dated at Victoria, B.C., this 11th
day of August, 1910
A19.       Solicitors for the Applicants.
ed on the south shore of Crow Bay
tlience north 80 chains, thence west
80 chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s S.E. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
S16     -   KENZIE McLEOD MclNNES.
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mclnnes, of Prince Rupert, occupation
mariner, intend to apply for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over the' following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the south shore of Crow Bay,
thence north 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence south 80 chains,
thence west 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s S.W. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910.
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mclnnes, of Prince Rupert, occupfion
mariner, intend to apply for a license to prospect for coal and petroleum over the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the soutii short of Crow  Bay
Coast Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, Mary M.
Roney, of Stillwater, Minnesota, U.
S.A., occupation married woman, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands.
Commencing at a post planted on the
north bank of the Skeena River at
tbe south-east corner of Geo. T.
Church's pre-emption, thence north
4 0  chains,    thence   east   40  chains,
Skeena River, thence south-west following the Skeena River to the place
of beginning and containing about
120 acres.
MARY M.  ROENY, Locator.
W.   A.   Roney,  Agent.
Dated July Sth, 1910. Jy22
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that William
Hume Grant, of Stewart, B.C., occupation engineer, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post marked W.H.G.'s S.W. Cor., and
planted adjoining Alfred Manson's
corner post, thence 80 chains north,
along W. N. Harrison's west line,
thense east 80 chains, thence south
8 0 chains, tlience west 80 chains, following Alfred Manson's north line to
point of commencement, and containing 640 acres, more or less.
Frank  R.  Strolm, Agent.
Dated July 2, 1910. Jy22
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that The Canadian
Fish and  Cold  Storage  Company,  of
Vancouver,   B.   C,   occupation   mer
gence soutii  SO chains, thence west Jcantile   and   manufacturing,   intends
to apply for permission to purchase
the following described lands:—
I Commencing at a post planted at the
north-east corner of lot 34, Range 5,
' Coast District, thence south 20
'chains, thence east 40 chains, tlience
Inorth 25 chains more or less to the
Ishore line, thence following along
the shore line to the point of com-
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence east 80 chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s N.B.  corner.
Dated August ISth. 1910.
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, K. M. Mc- . ...
Innes, of Prince Rupert, occupation Imencement _and containing 90 acres
mariner,   intend   to   apply   for   a   li
cense to prospect for coal and petroleum over the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the soutii shore of Crow Lake,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains,
thence west SO chains to post marked
K.M.McI.'s N.W. corner.
Dated August 18th, 1910,
more or less.
The  Canadian  Fish  &  Cold
Storage Company Limited.
J. H. Pillsbury, Agent.
Dated July 14, 1910. Jyl9
Coast Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, Ernestine
A. Roney, of Prince Rupert, occupation married woman, intend to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted on the north
bank of the Skeena River about half
a mils south of Geo. T. Church's preemption,    theuce    west     10    chains,
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE     NOTICE     that    Reginald
Davey,  of Vancouver, B.  C, occupation machinist, intends to apply for ithence north  40 chains, thenc
permission to purchase the following  |„  the  Skeena   River;   thence  south-
described   lands,   in   the   vicinity   of; west  following  the     hank     of     the
Citwancool or Chean Wein Valley:—I Skeena   River   to   the   place   of   be-
In  Chambers before  the Honourable
Mr. Justice Gregory.
John  Jacobs,    Frank  Johnson     and
Charles Carlson, carrying on business as contractors under the firm
name or style of Hawkins & Co.,
C. Peterson, C. Larson, and C. Anderson, Defendants.
UPON the application of tbe Plaintiffs and upon reading the affidavits;
of James Allan Aikman sworn here
in on the 20th and 21st days of Sep
Commencing at a post planted at the
north-west corner and about 6'4
miles distant In a north-westerly direction from the north end of Kitwancool Lake, thence soutii SO
chains, thence east 80 chains, thenco
north 41) chains, thence west 40
chains, thence north 4 0 chains,
chains,   thence  west  40   chains  to  a
ginning,    and    containing   about SO
to. A. Roney, Agent.
Dated July 7th, 1910. Jy22
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte.
TAKE   NOTICE   that   the   Queen
point of commencement, and contain- icharlotte Whaling Company Limited,
ing 480 acres (more or less). |of victoria,  British  Columbia, uccu-
REGINALD   DAVEY.     j  ation manufacturers, intend to apply
James to. Smith, Agent. f°r  permission  to  purchase  the foi
Dated  May  30,  1910.
Skeena   District—Queen   Charlotte
To all to whom it may concern:-—
NOTICE is hereby given that I, the
undersigned,  intend  to  apply  for  a
,    .,   , ,     ,    i icense  to  prospect    for    Coal    and
■  ii     ,    ■ ,    in uJ,.    .1      '        c file'1'  and, 'n,e IPetroleum  upon the following lands
atus especially designed to keep the Exhibits therein referred to, It is Lltuate on Graham Island, one of the
ice from interfering with the work, ordered that service of the writ of,QUeen charlotte Group, in the Prov-
Other machines have much trouble ;;;"»'m°ns 'n this action upon the De-;lnce of Brltlsn Columbia, and more
« , ...    fendants C. Peterson and C. Larson, nnrtleulnrlv described no rnllnwa   <,!»•
from   ice   on  these  parts,  especially he effected bv serving Lewis W   Pat- P- , .        .  i ..'
,_.. ,_  ..v- *-,, I      eiiBLLeu uy hei i mi, 1JO".« vv- ral   Commencing at a stake  planted one
late in the fall.
With this new device for warding
off of Ice, Mr. Boyle calculates on
being able to dredge 200 to 215 days.
Tiie Canadian will have a capacity
of  10,000  cubic yards  a  day.    The
more, Barnster-at-law, with a copy !an(] a quarter miles west of tho
of the writ of summons herein, and ;north-east corner of Louis Inlet, nnd
a copy of this Order, at Prince Ku- marked "P. c. Coates' S. E. Corner
pert, ln the Province of British Co- claim No. 1," thence west 80 chains,
lt.mbla, and by publishing notice ofjthence north 80 chains, thence east
tite said Writ or Summons and Order go chains, thenee south SO chains to
in     the    Prince   Rupert   Journal,   a I the place of commencement.
semi-weekly paper,  published  In  the
company's dredge No. 1, now at work town of Prince Rupert, In the Proven the Klondike, has a capacity ofclnce of Britisli Columbia, for six
4,000 yards. The big dredge will ] ^sll]es ,tner^e0^ fnd tnat the said De"
handle fifteen cubic feet of material
with every bucket.
Tiie second largest gold dredge In
the  world  is  the Natoma No.  1,  in
fendants, C. Peterson and C. Larson,
be required to appear to the Writ of
Summons ln this action within eight
days from the last publication In the
I said newspaper or from the service
jof the said Lewis to. Patmore, whlch-
ahfornia. Its buckets are a little ever shall last happen, and that the
more than 13%  feet each. 'same shall be good and sufficient ser-
ivice of the Writ of Summons herein;
Staked June 14th, 1910.
Dated this 2Sth dav of July, 1910.
By his Agent, Win. Edward Laird
narrow and is British territory. From
Button island, which is the most
northerly point on the coast this side
of the straight leading to the bay,
to I-latten Head, the southerly point
on Resolution Island, is a little more
than thirty miles. Possibly, the figure
by actual measurement may b3 thirty-five miles. After passing through
this narrow gate, the straight widens
until Hudson Bay is reached. The
decision of The Hague court Is
thought to mean that in a case of
tliis kind the Interior waters are national and not common to all.
it is further ordered, that the
costs of, and incidental to this application be costs in the cause.
(Signed)      F. B. GREGORY, J.
Skeena   District.—Queen   Charlotte
To all to whom It may concern: —
NOTICE Is hereby given that I, the
undersigned Intend to apply for a
icense  to  prospect   for    Coal    and
owing described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about fifteen
chalnB soutii of a small creek on the
west side of Rose Harbour, Moresby
Island, thence west forty chains,
Ithence north forty chains, thence
least forty chains, thence southerly
following the sinuosities of the foreshore line forty chains, to the point
of commencement.
Queen Charlotte Whaling
Company Limited.
Per Sydney Charles Ruck, Agent
|Dnted July 14th,  1910.
Rose  Harbour.  Q.C.I.        . A5
Skeena  Land   District—District  of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE   NOTICE   thai   Arthur   A.
Wilson, of Fort  William, 'int.. occupation  banker, Intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described  hinds:    Commencing at a
post     planted   aboul   7   miles  south
from the southeasl corner of Lot 227
and   1 ii   miles west  from shore line,
thence west  80 chains, thence north
su chains, thence east    80    chains,
tlience  south   80  chains  to  point  of
commencement, containing 6-1 n acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent,
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Clarmont Rooms
Sixth Avenue near Fulton Street
Comfortable, Homelike Rooms; Newly Furnished Throughout;  Bath
Rooms   with   Hot  and
Cold Water
lintcs, $3.00 n Week   and   Upwards
Mis.   Annie   McGrath,   Proprletoress
Skeena Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that I, William
David Allen, of Victoria, B.C., agent,
Petroleum upon tiie following lands, Intend to apply for permission to
3ituated on Graiinm Island, one of lease the following,described land:—
the Queen Charlotte group, in the Commencing at a post planted at the
Province of British Columbia, and northwest, corner of Lot, 542, Range
more particularly described as foi-; >> Coast (Skeena), thence east 60
lows, viz:—Comemnclng at a stake chains to the inner part of Kinnealon
planked at the S. E. corner of P. C.  Inlet, tlience south SO chains to south
Coates' Claim No. 1, and marked
"Wm. Penman'3 S. W. Corner, Claim
No. l," tlience east 80 chains, thence
north 80 chains, thenee west SO
chains, thence south, 80 chains to the
ilace  of  commencement.
Staked, June 14th, 1910.
Dated this 28th days of Julv, 1910.
By  his   Agent,   Wm.   Edward   Laird.
cast corner of said lot, thence west
80 chains to westerly limit of said
lot, thence north and at right angles
to the southerly limit of said lot to
tli I shore line, thence nortb along the
shore line of said Inlet to place of
beginning: containing about 600
acres, more or less.
Robert Mason, Agent.
Dated Sept. 23. s.23
Tuesday", October 11, 1910
prince Kupert journal
Telephone   138
Published twice a week on Tuesdays
and Fridays from the office of publication, Third Avenue near McBride St.
Subscription rate to any point in
Canada, fc'.i'n a year; to points outside
of Canada, 83.00 a year.
Advertisingjrate furnished on application,
0. II. NELaON,
Tuesday, October  11,  1910
The question of lighting on the
streets in section one seems to have
been very satisfactorily solved for
the present. The activity in connec
tion with the street work in consequence of which the contractors
keep the root fires blazing all night,
serves as a sufficient lighting for all
"ordinary" occasions.
 o—■ ■
The members of the city council
seem to be getting away from some
of their disturbing financial situations. The banks at present seem
quite ready to advance money to the
city which is certainly gratifying.
The credit of Prince Rupert should
be good. There has been nothing to
impair it and the prospects are now
quite bright with respect to the coun
cil being able to prosecute Its street
work and other Improvements without difficulty.
The Bank of Montreal has announced that $250,000 is now available for street work In section one,
which is an advance of $90,000 over
that previously allowed. The Bank
of Commerce has also come forward
with $50,000 for the electric lighting project so that the Immediate
needs of the council'are provided for
in a financial way.
A settlement of the G.T.P. assessment now would put things in excellent shape.
J. Fred Ritchie has returned from
* *    *
Dr. Ewing has returned from a
trip to Hazelton.
* *     •
Mrs. W. E. Burrltt has returned
to th.- city after a visit to Califronia
* *    ♦
Dr. Kergin is expected to move
from Stewart this week to take up
his residence here.
* *    *
Miss Carroll, of Port Simpson, is
a guest at the home of Capt. Mc-
Croskie, on Fourth avenue.
* *    *
P. McKenzie, of Victoria, is now
wireless operator on the Princess
Royal.    He made his first trip today.
* »    »
F. Seley, chief surveyor of the
Mainland Fire Underwriters Association of British Columbia, with headquarters in Vancouver, left for home
last night by the Prince George.
* dc      *
R. F. Lawrence, archtiect in the
department of public works at Victoria, spent several days here this
week. He went south last evening
after Inspecting the public works in
progress here.
Aid. Pattullo last evening called
attention to the fact that on Second
avenue wagons were being driven
over the sidewalks whihe had been
put in at private expense. The sidewalks would not stand very much ot
this traffic and If it were the intention to allow it there should be somo
provision made to restore the walks.
(Continued from Page One)
Beaudette hospital to shacks In old
Beaudette and many are dying In the
change. Five thousand persons have
been rendered homeless.
Bringing   Bodies
Beaudette, Minn., Oct.  11.—Fifty
three    bodies   of victims have been
brought here.
"Do you believe in the literal
Ideas of future punishment?"
"Not for myself," answered Mr.
Slrlus Barker. "But I favor it for
a lot of people I know."
A young lady who wears one of
this season's big hats has endured
all the gibs and jeers cast at her
chapeau in dignified silence. The last
straw however was the remark that
a friend makes every time lie meets
her. "Come out from under that
hat," he calls. "We all know you
are there."
Events Which   Have Led   Up  to the
Present Unrest in
Republican Form of Government Has
Been Popular Fancy of
Events leading up to the present
revolution in Portugal probably had
their origin during the first half of
last century, although since almost
the Aiidlde Ages the spirit of revolt
seems to have been strongly implanted in the Portuguese nation.
Tiie dynasty belongs to the house of
Braganza of which the head is Dom
Miguel de Braganza. The father of
Horn Miguel was the late King
Miguel I, who in 1S28 seized the
throne from his neice, Queen Maria
II, and held the reins of power until
his death in 1834, when the crown
was restored to Queen Maria. Since
that date there have been numerous
rumors of rebellion with the object
of placing Dom Miguel in power, but
during later years little attention has
been paid to these.
The terrible tragedy which led to
the deaths of King Carlos and the
Crown Prince Luiz, by assassination
on February 1, 1908, was, prior
to the present revolution, the greatest outstanding event in the march
of the nation towards republican
government. The direct cause of
tills tragedy had its origin in the inability of either of the two regular
parties in Portuguese politics to form
an efficient government. For years
past there has been a struggle between the Regeneradors or Conservatives and the Progressistas or
Liberals. Time after time neither
party could secure a pronounced majority in parliament; first one and
then the other endeavoring to keep
control by the purchase of office
seekers, promises to whom were redeemed at the country's expense.
This political unrest, coupled with
the insecurity in which it was felt
that the throne rested while a pretender lived, seems to have prepared
the mind of the nation for a republican form of government which the
fiercer and more turbid spirits were
willing to effect at the cost even of
royal blood. But in connection with
the dual assassination a revolution
failed to follow, and King Manuel assumed the reins of power snatched
by death from the hands of his
Long Standing Move
The idea of a republic seems to
have been maturing for the past two
decades, for in 1893 an attempt was
made on the life of King Carlos as
he was driving through the streets
of iLsbon. In June, 1907, as a result
of riots in Lisbon, a number of people were killed, the authorities having to use armed force to repress a
demonstration hostile to the Premier
on his return from a visit to Oporto.
The latter months of 1907 saw almost continual turmoil with recurrent rioting. The power of either
political party almost ceased to exist
and Portugal was ruled by a dictatorship in which the predominant spirit
was Senor Franco. After numerous
minor iisings had bem put down the
police on January 23rd, 19C8; discovered a widespread plot to overthrow the monarchy and proclaim
Portugal a republic. The original intention was to assassinate Premier
Franco and depend upon the secret
republican and labor organizations,
armed with bombs and revolvers to
complete the work of revolution In
the streets. The police raided the
meeting place of the conspirators, j
and made a number of arrests, seizing quantities of bombs and other
weapons. Each succeeding day,
however, brought new evidences of j
the ramifications of the plot, which!
culminated In the assassination of t
King Carlos and the Crown Prince j
With the accession of the youthful
King Manuel to the throne, it was
confidently hoped that the reign of
unrest in Portugal would come to an
end. This hope seemed on the road
to fulfillment, for during the past
two years beyond sporadic outbreaks
of local nature there has been nothing to indicate that revolution would
come so suddenly upon the nation, j
The blow struck so quickly at the I
house of Braganza, resulting in the
deposition and flight of King Manuel
seems to have been the result of
mature deliberation and the spread
of disaffection among tlie army, a
process which probably took many
months, If not years. From present
indications, it looks as if the manifold ramifications of the present plot
which  apparently  has  been  carried
so successfully out, will never be revealed.
Royal Family
The reigning family of Portugal
belongs to what is known as the
house of Braganza. The ancestor of
the house was Alfonzo, the illigiti-
mate son of John I of Portugal, who
was created Count of Barcellos by
his father, and Duke of Braganza by
Alfonzo V. John I and Alfonzo V
were of the royal house of Avlz, so-
called because John was grand master of the Knights of St. Bennett of
Aviz. He himself was an illegitimate
son of King Pedro, of the house of
Burgandy, which had reigned in Portugal for nearly three hundred years.
The house of Aviz occupied the
throne for nearly two centuries when
it became extinct and in 1578 the
crown passed to King Philip I of
Spain, being retained by Spanish
sovereigns for sixty years. In 1640
the Portuguese rose in revolt against
foreign rulers and after a spirited
contest, succeeded in expelling the
Spaniards, whereupon the Duke of
Braganza who seemed to be the only
remaining representative of the previous reigning family, was chosen
king, and he ascended the throne as
John, or more properly Joao IV, who
has gone down into history as the
Restorer. From this monarch King
Manuel of Portugal is descended. In
1834, Maria II came to the throne,
and she subsequently married Fernando, Duke of Saxe, prince of Co-
bourg Gotha, so that the present
reigning family is properly described
genealogically as the house of Bra-
ganza-Cobourg. The historic friendship between England and Portugal
began in the reign of Joao IV.
Local News
Residents of Alfred street have
agreed upon the improvement of
their street by the cheaper method
The telephone committee    is    to
look into the advisability of re-roofing tbe telephone building which is
leaking like a sieve.
Constable McArthur is acting as
sergeant of the police force doing
the absence of Sergt Regan in tha
The wedding of Mr. B. J. Bacon
and Miss M. Bennett took place on
Sunday at the home of Mr. W. Shrub-
sail, of Second avenue. Rev. C. Sing
performed the ceremony.
Stalker & Wells, formerly with the
Kelly, Carruthers Supply Company,
are opening up an up-to-date grocery
store in the Westenhaver Block on
Second avenue, near McBride street.
Aid. Hilditch called the attention
of the council to the fact that there
was a ton or more of dynamite on the
wharf and a large quantity of gasoline also. It was suggested that the
building inspector should have his
attention called to this.
The Salvation Army has made arrangements to hold their services on
Sunday afternoon and evenings in
the Majestic theatre in future. This
is due to the fact that the Presby
terlan church has secured the Empress theatre for the winter.
Last Friday afternon and evening
the ladies of the Presbyterian church
.'.eld a very successful social gathering ia the church. A sale of homemade cooking was held in the afternoon and In the evening a public reception was given to the new minister.
At. the meeting of the council last
evening D. H. Morrison wrote complaining against the conduct of Mr.
McNeil, the building inspector, who
had been unreasonable In his demands, he said, and had used abusive language towards him. The matter will be looked into by the strets
A letter was received by the city
council from the minister of finance
at Victoria in which the city is asked to meet the indebtedness due to
the department for advances. The
total claimed to be due is $119,-
335.03. This has been referred to
the finance commitete and will be
reported upon at the next meeting
to. to. C. Mehan wrote that he
was satisfied with the dumping of
garbage until some arrangement
could be made. He stated that he
had written in order to have the
nuisance abatted as soon as possible,
lie felt that now that the council
had taken it up that "In Its usual
prompt manner" the matter would
soon" be attended to. The aldermen
all smiled for some reason at the re-1
At Least One New Station to Be Opened
For This Part of
Controlling Company Will, it is Expected, Build at Naden Harbor Next Year
Prince Rupert promises to become
the centre of a considerable whaling
industry as the waters within easy
reach of the port abound in the mam'
mals to a far greater extent than do
the waters farther south. This port
will, it is acknowledged, become the
point for shipping of the finished
products from the whaling stations
and the source of supply to these
points which will mean a considerable addition to the business at the
The operations of the Pacific
Whaling company in the north, especially on Queen Charlotte Islands,
has been attended with the greatest
success and the company will in consequence extend the scope of its operations in these waters. At present
they have but one station, that at
Rose Harbor, near the southern end
of Moresby Island. The intention is
now to build another at the northern
end of the Islands on Naden harbor.
The whales are reported to be quite
as plentiful in the waters off the
north end of the Queen Charlottes as
they are In the south, and the company does not Intend to lose an opportunity to get the very best out of
the Industry.
The company Intend, it is stated,
to give more attention to the waters
of this part of the coast in the search
for the returns that are to be derived from the whaling industry. In
the waters off this coast there are
more sperm whales met with in the
hunting of the mammals and as these
give very much larger profits than
the ordinary variety there is a double advantage in operating in the
neighborhood of the Queen Charlottes.
It is possible that there will be
further stations opened in the north
as well as this second one on Graham
Island. Licenses are held from the
Dominion Government for these ad
ditional stations and it is expected
that the company will begin work
upon them so that they will not endanger the licenses.
Five more whaling steamers are
to be built for the service of the Pacific waters by Christiana builders,
according to a programme being now
arranged. The five new whalers will
be similar in type to the William
Grant, largest of the fleet of five
steam whalers now in service from
the British Columbia stations. One,
possibly two, more whaling stations
are to be established in northern
British Columbia.
Officials of the Pacific Whaling
company when asked in Victoria regarding the proposed additions to
the fleet of whaling steamers, said
they had nothing to say in this regard at the present time.    It was too
It Is known here, however, that
steps looking to a station at Naden
Harbor have been taken.
It is understood that Capt. R. Balcom, brother of Capt. Sprott Balcom,
manager of the Pacific Whaling company, will be sent to Norway to superintend the construction of the
new fleet and arrange for the despatch of the vessels to these waters.
It Is probable that all will be shipped
in sections by Blue Funnel steamers
and put together on this side. The
steamer William Grant was shipped
in this manner by the Blue Funnel
liner Titan, arriving last March.
At present five steamers are In
service for the whaling company and
three stations are in use. The steamer Orion, the initial vessel secured
by the whaling company from Norway, is in operation from the Sechart
station, the Sebastian and St. Lawrence, are at work from the Kyuquot
station, and the Germania, bought
from a Norwegian company operating on the Chilian coast, and the new
William Grant, are operated from
the recently-established station at
Rose harbor on Kunghit Island at
the south of the Queen Charlottes.
Hospital Dance
The ladles auxiliary of the hospital
will have a dance In Mclntyre's hall
on Friday, October 14.    Tickets, $3.
WANTED—To buy cheap lots In
Prince Rupert direct from owners.
Price must be right. Give description,
price and terms. Address X, Journal
The British Columbia Company
DIRECTORS:—Reginald C. Brown, President; J. C. Maclure, Vice-
President; H. E. Marks, Managing Director; Capt. E. Nash, William
McNair, R. A. Bevan, and F. C.  Williams, Secretary.      :-:       :-:
This Company acts as Executors,  Administrators, Transferees and
Secretaries to Public Companies.    Commercial, Industrial'and other
business propositions underwritten.     Issues  made  on  the
London and New York Stock Exchanges.
Head Office for Canada, 203, 208, 210, 215 Carter-Cotton Bnilding,
61 Floor Varnish
for Floors
Will not crack nor peel off.
Water will not turn it white.
Sold only ln sealed cans.
Ask fcr sample panel.
If your dealer does not stock it write
The Staneland Co. Ltd
836-840 Fort Street, VICTORIA, B.C.
Connecting   with   Eastbound   Trains
Prince Rupert sails every Thursday, 8.30  p.m.
Prince George  sails every Monday, 8.30  p.m.
Bruno sails every Sunday at 5 p.m.,  returning  Monday  evening  to
connect with Prince George, southbound, i
Bruno sails Wednesday, 5 p.m., returning   Thursday   evening, connecting with  Prince  Rupert  southbound.
FOR MASSET—Bruno sails 10 p.m.  every  Monday, returning Tuesday night, and for Skldegate  nnd  other  Moresby  Island   Ports,
Bruno sails 10 p.m. Thursday, returning Saturday.
Tickets, reservations and Information    from
Freight and   Passenger Agent,  G.  T.  P.  Wharf.
Look! Look! Look!
Carlton Cafe
Newly Opened
(Under New Manngenicnt)
Best Neal in Town
Corner Sixth and Fraser Streets
Atlantic Steamship
Through tickets and excursion
rates to
England, France, Germany,
and all
Scandinavian Ports.
Call or write for rates to any
part of the world. I am also
agent for all American steamers
to and from Prince Rupert;
Northern Pacific Railway; Alaska Pacific Express.
General Steamship and Railway
Agent, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Union Steamship Co'y
of B.C. Ltd.
The new Steel Passenger Steamer
PRINCE RUPERT every Sunday at 9 a.m. for Vancouver,
arriving Monday afternoon.
For Stewart City on arrival from
Vancouver Friday night.
Northbound, leaves Vancouver
Wednesdays at 9 p.m.
Steerage Fare $5.00
The "Camosun" is the only steamer
on the run having water-tight bulkheads and double bottom, thus ensuring safety of passengers in case of
collission or wreck.
J. H. ROGERS,   Ticket Agent
Office  in    the    Westenhaver   Block,
Over  Orme's Drug   Store.
Prince Rupert
WM. S. HAi^L, L. D. S. D. D. S.
:-: DENTIST :■:
Crown and Bridge Work a specialty.
All dental operations skillfully
treated. Gas and local anaesthetics
administered for the painless extraction of teeth. Consultation free.
Offices, Helgerson 3k., Prince Rupert
Brokers, Forwarding Agents,
Storage, etc.
J.  to. POTTER
Re-inforced Concrete a Specialty
Law-Butler Building - Prince Rupert
GRAHAM ISLAND — "The surest
sign of the progress of a town or
district is its newspaper—live, active, hustling." "The Masset Review," Masset, Q.C.I.    /
The Thompson
: Hardware Co.
-Second Avenue—
Paints. General Hardware,
Oils, Stoves and Ranges. ■.■■>#■
Tuesday, October 11, 1910
The future commercial centre and distributing point of the Bulkley, Kispiox and
Skeena River Valleys, is now platted and lots offered to the
investor on the most liberal terms.
Rogers' Addition to this new G. T. P. Town of Ellison is located on
high level land only seven blocks from the propsed station and depot
The G.T.P. Railway Company expects to reach this town early next
summer with the rails and property will then advance by leaps and bounds.
There is no investment like Real Estate; it is safe, certain nnd profitable. We have all had this experience in the past and have but recently
experienced the marvellous Increase made on Investment here in Prince
Rupert. •».
Cash $10.00; Balance
Easy Payments
Another opportunity Is now before you.    Do not fall to take advantage of this; get in on the ground floor and reap the benefit of advance.
A United number of these lots arc now offered at the low price of,
$100.00 TO $125.00
for corner lots
Size of lots are 33 by 120 feet, street  alleys  and   blocks  all   conform
to the Main Townsite of Ellison.
The Christiansen-Brandt Company
Financial Agents
Corner 3rd Ave. and 5th St.
Prince Rupert, B.C.
Chinese Immigrants Used  Clever  Ruse
lor Passing Officials at
Wholesale   Way   in   Which   "Mer-
chants" Were Admitted Into
the Country Is Exposed
A loss to the country of approximately a million dollars by the
evasion by the Chinese of payment of
the head tax on arrivals In Vancouver, appears to be the conclusion
which must be come to from the
evidence taken at the enquiry concerning the detained Chinese Immigrants. As this province was entitled to receive half of the $500 tax
if means a loss to British Columbia
of half that amount. Whether any
of this amount will be recovered Is
a moot point. As yet the law department has not had an opportunity
tc figure out this problem.
The present position of the enquiry has now been completed, the
representatives of the department
having Intimated that owing to the
sameness of the evidence they do not
deem it necessary to examine any
more, so that only nine of the total
bunch have faced the! nvestlgatlon.
It is anticipated that by tomorrow
the report on the enquiry will be
compiled, and it will then be submitted to the department.
The modus operandi was for the
Celestials to pass the officials as merchants, and thus escape payment of
the bead tax. It would appear from
the returns that twenty new Chinese
firms were entering business In Canada every month.
This state of affairs would seem
to have made the department sus-
pilcous that all was not as It should
be, and Mr. Foster, of the secret service department, was sent from Ottawa to look Into the matter. Obtaining the services of a Chinese In-
terpreter, they left the ordinary interpreter ai Vancouver and proceeded in Victoria to meet the Empress
of China, upon which tliere was reason to believe were a number of so-
called Chinese merchants, Tbe Interpreter mixed witli the immigrants,
telling them thai the ordinary official
could not come Hint trip, but that he
would attend 0 be business of heir
landing, lie was handed quite a
number uf letters of Introduction,
most of them being from one firm or
person In Hongkong, asking that the
merchants should be assisted
through the customs.
The owners of the letters all seemed to be ln possession of $150 ln
sovereigns, which they Informed him
was to show tbe officials, after which
it would be banded to the person assisting them to land for his personal
These new arrivals were also In
possession of drafts ranging from
$500 to $1,200, which were to be
shown to tbe officials. One of Ihese,
drawn on a certain Chinese firm In
Vancouver, was shown lo the head
of  that  firm,  who  was asked  If  he
would cash it, but he declined, saying he hardly knew the person who
had drawn It and in any case it was
not drawn properly and was not Intended to be cashed. Such Is the
present position of affairs.
J. H. Senkler, president of the Liberal association, says although the
executive of the association had telegraphed to the government, asking
for the reinstatement of Mr. Bowell
as controller, and protesting against
the employment of Lew as interpreter instead of Yip On, it was certainly
not wished to prevent the enquiry,
and if there had been any crooked
work it must be brought to light and
the guilty persons punished. He believed Mr. Bowell to be an honest,
upright official. Though he might
have been duped by others, there
was no indication that he was culpable himself.
(Continued from Page One)
been made to call a public meeting.
It would be better not to hamper
the council.
He had felt that there was no need
of alarm and this announcement by
the bank carried out the views he
then expressed.
His worship said that while the
manager of the bank stated that
there was $250,000 available now
for the street work, he felt safe in
saying that the whole amount would
be forthcoming to carry on the work
in section one. His words that there
was no need of alarm had come true.
Aid. Mclntyre seconded the motion
to call for tenders for the work on
Third avenue.
Aid. Hildltch expected that the city
would have to pay six per cent on
this $50,000 for electric lighting to
the bank. Such an undertaking was
not so great after all. The Bank of
Montreal had agreed to advance
$90,000 more for the council to work
upon. That would not go very far.
He thought it would be as wise to
let the motion stand relative to stopping work in the lower portion of
Second avenue. That was a portion
that required grading about as little
as any part of the city.
Aid. Pattullo suggested that this
motion of Aid. Lynch might, stand
over until the legal aspect of the
situation was gone into. He felt
that there was grave doubt as to
whether there could be a change effected. A contract having been let
and work started he believed that If
Ihe work was stopped an Injunction
could be taken out by any resident
to prevent the alteration.
Aid. Lynch wished to call attention to the fact that It would be a
loss to the city to transfer the contract. He also wished to take occasion to correct some impressions
which were sought to be created as
to there being nothing below Sixth
street. He could tell them that here
was the biggest mercantile business
in Hie city situated there with the
bigegst pay roll. There was also the
only hotel that met with all the requirements of the license commissioners in that section.
Aid. Hildltch said he referred to
the section below the junction of
First, Second and Third avenues.
There was not a store and not a hotel
in that part. He did not mean to
refer to the part below Sixth street.
Aid. Barrow advised caution in the
matter of rushing into expenditure.
He warned them to beware of the
practice because they got a little
money of rushing off to spend it.
Aid. Mclntyre lamented any move
that would remove the decorum that
should attend the deliberations of
the body. In explanation of why he
concurred in carrying on the work
there he said that then it was the
intention of having all of section one
graded. Now that the situation was
altered he favored a transfer ,of the
work to Third avenue. The engineer
estimated that the money available
in the change would do the work
from Eighth street to Fulton. This
was the heavier part of the work in
the avenue. While Mr. Watson was
getting $1.75 a yard for work below
the junction, it was estimated that
It would cost $3 a yard on Third avenue.
Aid. Pattullo said the legal position was not altered the least by the
Introduction of this money.
Aid. Mclntyre said it was changed
by $90,000.
Aid. Pattullo said this was the
alteration in the financial situation,
but not in the legal aspect. The financial aspect of it might allay the sensibilities of Aid. Mclntyre. The question of decorum he also referred to
and said he had had occasion some
time ago to insist upon certain aldermen conducting the debates ln a
decorous way..
His worship thought that the city
should proceed at once with the work
on  Third  avenue.
Aid. Hilditch felt that with the
$90,000 now available and the $30,-
000 contract below the junction
closed there might be money enough
to grade all three avenues from McBride to the junction of the three
Aid. Mobley contended that while
It might not have been the wisest
thing to have started work beyond
the junction in view of the conditions that bad now arisen he felt
that probably they could not legally
stop work ther and change to Third.
Aid.  Barrow alluded to  the    fact
that It had been represented by Aid.
Mclntyre a short time ago that the
whole   of   the   work   then   going   on
was Illegal.     He wished  to know If |
doing illegal work on Third avenue j
would now make it all legal. (Laugh-,
Aid. Mclntyre said that while two
wrongs did not make a right, be
thought it would not be quite so glaring if there was a little done on
Third.     (Laughter.)
Aid. Pattullo insisted that a notice j
of motion be given.
Aid. Lynch accordingly gave notice j
of moving In the direction indicated |
on Wednesday night.
The happiest person Is he who can
entertain himself.
The orange tree Is very fruitful, a
single tree will produce 20,000
oranges fit for use. A good lemon
tree will produce 8,000 lemons.
Provincial Electoral Act
TAKE NOTICE that I have received objections In writng to the re'ention of the following names on
the Register of Voters for the Skeena Electoral District, on tbe grounds stated below;
AND TAKE NOTICE that at a Court of Revision to be held on the 7th day of November, 1910, at the
Court House, Prince Rupert, B.C., at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, I shall hear and determine the said
objections, and unless such named persons or some other Provincial Voter on their behalf satisfies me that
such objections are not well founded, I shall strike such names off the  said Register.
Dated this 5th day of October,   1910.                                                   Registrar of Voters.
The following persons are reported  absent from the District:
No. '        |                              NAME                                                                              |
ALLEN,    THOMAS   A I Bella  Coola
BIRKS,  THOMAS   W j Rivers  Inlet
CAMERON,   NORMAN    j Bella Coola
CAMERON, JOHN  ALLEN    | Bella  Coola
CHAMBERS,    ROBERT        Rivers  Inlet
COLLINS,   THOMAS   I Bella  Coola
FIELD, ARCH M ' Rivers  Inlet
GRANT, DONALD \ Bella Coola
HAGE,   EDWARD A Bella Coola
LAWTON,    ERNEST,    | Xamo
OLIVER,  ROBERT Rivers  Inlet
SIMISTER,  JOHN     Bella  Coola
TODD, WILLIAM   BENSON    j Bella Cooia
The following persons  are reported deceased:
CHRIST1ENSON,     HAGAN B., Bella Coola
CLAYTON,   JOHN < Bella Coola
NORDSCHOW,   ERIC    Ilagensborg
NYOAARD, JACOB   J Bella  Coola
RAMSTAD,     PETER   A. Bella  Coola
SANGSTAD,   OLE   O Bella  Coola
WILHELM,   HERBERT        Francois Lake
WILLIAMS,    RICH ARD  A | Bella  Coola
Tbe following persons nre reported duplicated on the Register:
BARKE, JOHN L     | Francois  Lake
BLAYNEY,   AMROSS Ilagensborg
GORDON, OLAF Bella  Coola
LOKKEN, OLE J Bella  Coola
Norton   Griffiths  Says  This  Country
lias Brilliant Inline
At Wednesbury, England an extraordinarily enthuslastls gathering
of twenty thousand people wer oined
back Norton Griffiths, M.P.
Mr. Griffiths stated thai Canada
was destined to become the biggest
section of the Empire. Canadians
wanted Englishmen to participate In
their brilliant future. England's
apathy had already lost as much and
would lose more in future Canada's
progress was more astonishing than
that ot the United States.
.Mr. Griffiths strongly advocated
an Imperial senate ns the only definite means of creating one great
united empire, with an Imperial tuny
and army controlled by an Imperial
council, not interfering in domestic
affairs. lie stated tha! by th< courtesy of one of the greater! Ci t • Hans,
William Mackenzie, the Canadian
Collieries' new township, which contained one of the biggest coal mines
of hte world, would be calle I Tipton.
lie asked for the support of Wednesbury for his Tinparhl scheme. 11 L:
references   to   Hon. P 'ank Ollv r'
crtlclsm of his efforts its ii   fill   th al
form    of   Imperialism  nnd Premier'
I HEREBY GIVE NOTICE that on Monday, the seventh day of November, A.D. 1910, at the hour of eleven o'clock in the forenoon, at the
Court Room, Atlin, I Khali offer for sale by public auction Ihe mineral
ciaims in the list hereinafter set out, of the persons in the said list hereinafter set out for which Crown Grants have been issued, for all unpaid
taxes accrued, due and payable on the thirtieth day of June, A.D. 1910, or
on any previous date, and for the costs of advertising and other expenses.
If the laxes and expenses, Including the costs of advertising, as set
oul in said list, are not paid to me before the day of sale, the claims may
be sold to the hlghesl bidder, and a conveyance executed to the purchaser
of all right and Interest in said claims legally alienated by the Crown
Grants thereof.
In the event of there being no purchaser, or the price offered shall
not be sufficient to pay the laxes and expenses, the land shall absolutely revert to the Crown, and the Crown Grants thereof shall be deemed
void  and  cancelled.
List Above   Mentioned
Taxes I'ay- Expenses
Name of Claim    Lot No. Registered Owner   able 3utii
| June 1910]
'Etta Extension'
"Al Last"
"White Baby" i
2 70
2 7-
or Grantee
('. P.O. Iloetime
William Gass
William Gass
Total  !   $22.50
Dated at  Atlin,   n.  C, this 30th day of September, A.D. 1910.
Atlin Posl office, n. C. Assessor, Atlin Assessment District.
McBrlde's  approval  and   promise of and unite to consolidate the Empire
moral supoprt, all arousal '.he great- before il was loo late
est enthusiasm,  o	
Mr, Griffiths made a final appeal A man is apl to be either his own
in  Englishmen  to throw   iff apathy besl friend or his own worst enemy. PRINCE RUPERT JOURNAL
Tuesday, October 11, 1910
Items of General Interest From Centres in British Columbia.
Reorganizing Legal Department
Victoria.—In connection with general reorganization plans for the attorney-general's department, it is understood that Mr. David Whiteside,
the well-known Grand Forks baris-
ter, who has just allied himself with
the legal office of the Crown in British Columbia, will take full charge
of all registration and other business
incidental to the operation of the
Companies' Act, this work being detached from the work of the Land
registry office here, and being hereafter attended to in off%es forming
part and portion of the attorney-general's department.
The general work of the local registry Is to remain in the charge of
Mr. S. Wootton, whose staff has recently been augmented so that all
work may be hereafter be ekpt strictly up-to-date. Mr. Whiteside's first
official duties wil Include the weeding out of the numerous old companies whose charters are lapsed or
For' George's Water
Fort George.—A large water tank,
li .'Ming 2.b00 giions has bean
placed at the corner of Central avenue and Hammond street, which
will temporarily supply the residents. Underground water pipes will
be laid to various parts of the town,
a 6 horsepower gasoline engine operating the pumping plant. The power
p'ant acquired near the Willow
river Is intended soon to furnish
facilities for a complete and a modern system of waterworks and sewerage, and an electric lighting system.
Drydock Plans
Vancouver.—Plans for a drydock
at Vancouver, in which Captain N.
Thompson is interested, have been
filed with the minister of public
works.     ,
They provide under the legislation
of last session for a second class dry-
dock of the commercial class, which
means that if the plans are approved
the company will be entitled to a
bonus oi 3 V2 per cent on an expenditure of $2,500,000 for a period of
twenty-five years.
The dock will be one of sufficient
dimensions to accommodate any vessel doing business on the Pacific
coast.    It will be over 600 feet long.
Docks of Hie first, or battleship
class, such as it is proposed to build
at Esquimau, get a subsidy of 3V4
per cent on an expenditure of four
million dollars for twenty-five years.
Coal  Mine  Deal
Victoria.—Mr. John Arbuthnot,
president of the Pacific Coast Coal
Mines Company, denies the report
which has become current tbat the
Canadian Pacific Railway is negotiating for the purchase of Hie South
Wellington Collieries which are controlled by his company. He admits,
however, that two large railway companies have approached him with the
Idea of purchasing and that the representative of one of these is looking
ovr the property.
"I am not anxious to sell," said
Mr. Arbuthnot, when questioned
about the matter. "A number of
large companies have sounded me on
the matter, but up to present no option has been taken on the property.
I do not know how the report got
abroad that the C.P.R. was negotiating for the purchase, A representative of a large railway company left
for South Wellington to have a look
over Ihe collieries, and as a result
of his visit it is just possible that
we may give an option on our holdings."
he mentions has left for British Columbia with a capital of £80,000.
Horticultural Board
Victoria.—At a special executive
meeting yesterday an order-in-coun-
cil was passed appointing Mr. J. F
Errington of Sidney, In the islands
constituency, the new member of the
provincial board of horticulture, to
represent district No. 1, embracing
Vancouver Island and adjacent Islands, In the place of the late Captain Peter Elliston, who was shot
at Work Point Barracks. Mr. Errington will take his seat upon the
board when that body meets in this
city on October 11.
Coming  to  Coast
Nelson.—A representative guttering of leading men of Nelson and
Kootenay made presentations to Air.
R. S. Lennie, who is leaving this city
to reside in Vancouver. After bearing an address he was presented with
a handsome cut glass set by citizens,
while the bar association gave him
a set of gold sleev links and accompaniments.
Mr. Lennie has been a resident of
Nelson since June, 1895, when he entered the law office of John Elliot as
a student. He was called to the
bar on February 2nd, 189S, and
immediately formed a partnership
with Mr. Elliot. Upon the removal
of the latter to Vancouver in 1905,
Mr. Lennie took over the business,
and the following year formed bis
present partnership with Mr. Wrag-
ge. Mr. Lennie came to Nelson from
New Westminster as a student from
the office of the late T. C. Atkinson.
He is a native of Dundas, On*., and
came west at a very early age.
During his residence in Nelson Mr.
Lennie has always been prominently
identified with the Conservative association and was president for six
consecutive years. At the big district
convention held in Nelson in 1908 he
was elected president of the iDstrict
Conservative association.
Only a few weeks ago Mr. Lennie
returned from the coast, where he
acted as chairman of the fire insurance commission.
In the last annual election of the
Bar Association of British Columbia
Mr. Lennie was elected at the top of
the poll, a position which he seems
likely to occupy for many years to
It will be of interest to sportsmen
to know that it was Mr. Lennie who
organized the first lacrosrs team In
the Kootenays. This was in the
year 1897, when the Nelson lacrosse
club came into being.
C. R. Hamilton, K.C., of Rossland,
will take Mr. Lennie's place as a
resident member of the firm, his
Rossland business being combined
with that of the present firm. The
new firm name will be" Hamilton,
Lennie & Wragge. It will have offices in both cities.
Mr. Lennie is retaining all his interests in Nelson and the Kootenays.
In Vancouver he will carry on his
professional business without entering into any partnership for the present.
Scenic Road
Vancouver.—A scenic railway line
from North Vancouver to the top of
Grouse Mountain al a cost of between $2110,000 and $2.50,000 Is tbe
project now being undertaken by a
number of Vancouver capitalists.
Notice of indication to the provincial
legislature for a railway charter and
iin- Incorporation of a company to
construct and operate a mountain
railway has already been made by
Mr. VV. A. Macdonald, of the firm of
Cowan,  Macdonald &  Parkes.
Bulkley   Valley    Has    First   Supply
Made on the Ground
The first bricks to be made in this
part of the country were turned out
last week by A. Kroening at the
Bulkley brick works two miles down
the river from town, says the Interior
News of Aldermere. The product is
a building brick of very superior
quality and Is meeting with ready
saye among builders, who up to the
present time have been unable to obtain this essential material for the
const ruction of chimneys, hearths,
etc. Another kiln will be ready for
burning in the course of a week or
so. Brick chimneys will be erected in
the New Telkwa hotel and a number
of other buildings this fall.
General   Hotha    Has   Confidence   in
United  Military  Body
General Botha in a speech delivered at Johannesburg, stated that the
best defence force in the world could
be formed out of the men available
in South Africa. He asked for the
co-operation of the British in forming such a force composed of both
He thought that they should employ Lord Methuen in organizing the
force, and if another British officer
were wanted they should get his "old
war friend, Lord Kitchener."
De  Beers  Claim  Sole  Rights to Dig
Precious Stones in
Interesting Law Suit is in Progress
Relative to the Question
nt Issue
Desirable Settlers
Victoria.—That a number of well-
to-do English families, possessing In
soni" instances as much as £20,000
capital, are finding their way to Van-
con, er Island and settling anywhere
between Victoria and Comox, Is the
statemenl made by the Hon, J, il
Turner, British Columbia's agent-
general in London, In the course of a
communication which he has ad-
dressed to the Vancouver Island Development League. One family alont.
Deal in Cattle
Merrltt.—One of the biggest deals
in the history of the upper country
is now pending and it involves the
transfer of the extensive properties
of the Douglas Lake Cattle company
to one of the big American meat
trusts, and the financial consideration will be In the vicinity of one and
a half million  dollars.
Representatives of the    American
concern have been ln the valley for
the past few days and are now en-j
gaged in looking over the property, i
It was only a few weeks ago that
William Ward secured complete con-!
trol of the Douglas Lake Cattle company,  buying out.  his associates,  J.
B. Greaves and William Tl ompson.
The prospective purchasers represent one of the biggest meat concerns
in the United States, and if they secure the property it is their plan to
carry out a large number of exten
sive Improvements and to make It
one of the largest cattle producing
bases on the continent.
There is every probability that the
deal will go through because the
meat trust desires to secure a better
fcothold In British Columbia, and
they realize that the acquisition of
this property will largely enhance
their opportunities.
Kindly Old Gent.—Well, my little
man, what would you like to be
when you grow up?
Little Man.—I'd like to be a nice
old gentleman like votl, with nothtn'
lo do but walk around and ask questions.
utes of the Emperor Justinian down
to the latest decision of the court of
chancery. The Chartered Company's
strongest contention is that a perpetual grant of mining rights by
them would not have been consistent
with proper administration, and
must have let to the cancellation of
their charter.
Of course money talks, but we've
noticed that it is rather too particular as to whom it converses with.
Coast Land District—District of
TAKE NOTICE that we, George
Hie and Robert Corlett, of Little Canyon, B.C., occupation farmer and
farmer, intend to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted at the south-east portion of an island situated and lying
about two miles below Little Canyon,
near the south bank of the Skeena
river, Range V, Skeena Land District,
District of Coast, thence northerly,
thence easterly, thence southerly
around the shores of the island back
to the point of beginning and inclosing 30 acres, more or less
Dated August 1, 1910. A19
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Thomas Samuel Smith, of Fort William, Ont., occupation contractor, intends to apply
for permission to purchase-the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 7 miles
south of the southeast corner of ot
227, and 5% miles west from shore
line, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land  District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Charles Ru-
bidge Dunsford, of Fort William,
Ont., occupation retired, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about
seven miles south of the southeast
corner of lot 227 and IV2 miles west
from shore line, thence east 80 chains
thence south 80 chains, thence west
SO chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
About the tiv.ie the' provinces of
British North Anierl-a became Canada, what is now United South'Africa
became known as the country of
diamonds. Before 1867 the world's
supply of the glittering stones had
come, in larger or smaller quantities,
from India, Brazil, the Ural mountains and ther parts of several continents. In that year the first diamond from the Transvaal—the plaything of a little Boer boy, was
brought to Capetown, sent to the
Paris exposition and sold for $2,500.
When gathering diamonds became a
matter of organized mining, the De
Beers company absorbed all the rest,
and twenty-five years after the flrst
discovery of diamonds in South Africa, had prospered so that they had
more money than they knew exactly
what to do with. So, when in 1892,
the flrst year of the last long spell
of hard times, the Chartered South
African company were hard up for
funds to develop their great land
grants, the De Beers company lent
them $1,000,000, part of it being
spent in the construetin of the railroad from Vryburg to Mafeking.
The million dollars was al! paid
back four years later, but an aftermath of the transaction remains ,-in
one of the greatest law suits ever
before the English courts. The issue
involved is the monopoly of mining
diamnds In the whole of Rhodesia,
an area probably as large as Saskatchewan. Borrowers are proverbially
prodigal, except, perhaps, those who
deal with Canadian governments—
and the Chartered company, eighteen
years ago, needed the money so badly that they were willing to give the
De Beers people the enormously valuable exclusive rights of mining diamonds in their territry, which they
did in the following words:
"The Chartered Company shall
grant De Beers exclusive licence to
work all the diamondifeous ground
to which the Chartered Company Is
or may become entitled In the territories to which It now carries on or
may carry on operations, whether
nrth or south of the River Zambesi."
The point before the courts Is
whether this monopoly was granted
In perpetuity or was merely security
until the million dollars was repaid.
The De Beers people claim they have
the perpetual monopoly, and the
Chartered Company maintain the
contrary. In the English courts, Mr.
1 Justice Eady has decided against the
De Beers Company, and the judgment of the curt of appeal was the
; same, but not content with these
I wo defeats the diamond magnates
are appealing to the House of Lords.
It Is a case ln which enormous Interests are Involved, and II Is also a
complicated case. South Rhodesia Is
under Roman-Dutch law, northern
. Rhodesia Is under English law. Au-
I thoritles have been cited ranging In
chronological order from the instlt-
Skeena Land District—District of
• Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Norman M.
Patterson, of Fort William, Ont., occupation grain merchant, intends to
apply for permission to purchase the
following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 7
miles south from southeast corner of
Lot 227, and 1% miles west from
short line, thence west SO chains,
thence south 80 chains, thence east
80 chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres|
Arthur Rffbertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena   Land  District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE  NOTICE  that  Nelson  Noel
Smith, of Winnipeg, Man., occupation
contractor, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described  lands:—Commencing    at    a
post planted about  9  miles soutii of
the southeast corner of Lot 22 7, and
5Vfc   miles  west  from     shore     line,
thence west 80 chains, thence soutii
80   chains,   thence   east   80   chains,
thence  north  SO   chains  to  point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Roberlson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Edward Robert Wayland, of Fort William, Ont.,
occupation grain merchant, intends
to apply for permission to purchase
the following described lands:—
Commencing at a post planted about
7 miles south from southeast corner
of lot 227, and 3% miles west from
shore line, thence east 80 chains,
thence north 8 0 chains, thence west
80 chains, thence south 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that E. N. Ens-
worth, of Fort William, Ont., occupation accountant, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 9 miles
south of the southeast corner of Lot
227, and 0% miles west from shore
line, thence west 80 chains, tlience
north SO chains, thence east 80
chains, thence south 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land  District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that William Curtis Lillie, of Fort William, Out., occupation agent, intends to apply for
perinisison to purchase the following
described  lands:—Commencing at a
post  planted   about   7   miles     south,
from  southeast  corner  of Lot  227,
and 3V4  miles west from shore line,
tlience west SO chains, thence south
80   chains,   thence   east   80   chains,
ithence  north   SO  chains to  point  of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that John Russel
Smith, of Fort William, Out., occupation grain merchant, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about seven
miles soutii from southeast corner of
Lot 227, and 3% miles west from
short line, theuce west 80 chains,
thence north SO chains, thence east
80 chains, thence south SO chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land  District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE NOTICE  that  Mary Smith,
of    Fort  William,  Ont.,    occupation
married woman, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described  lands:—Commencing at  a
post planted about  7  miles soutii of
the southeast corner of Lot 227, and
ay2   miles wesl from  the shore line,
tlience   80   chains   west,   thence   80
chains south, theuce  8 0  chains east,
tlience SO  chains north  to point ot
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Benjamin Os-
trander, of Fort William, Ont., occupation grain merchant, intends to apply, for permission to purchase the
following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 7
miles south from southeast corner of
Lot 227, and 3% miles west of shore
line, thence east SO chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence west SO
chains, thence north SO chains to
point of commencement, contalninn
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Omineca Land District—District of
Coast, Range Five.
TAKE NOTICE that E. Lucas, of
West Carnie, Ont., occupation banker,
intends to apply for permission to
purchase the following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted at the southwest corner of lot
2287, District of Coast, Range Five,
and marked E.L.'s N.W. corner,
thence east 80 chains, thence south
80 chains, tlience west 80 chains,
thence north 80 chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres
more or less.
Steven McNeill, Agent.
Dated Sept. 22, 1910. S27.
Omineca Land District—District of
Coast, Range Five.
TAKE NOTICE that to. G. White-
sides, of South Bend, Ont., occupation bank clerk, Intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted at the southeast corner
of lot 1729, District of Coast, Range
Five, and marked G.G.W.'s N.E. corner, thence west 40 chains, thence
soutii 80 chains, thence east 40
chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
320 acres, more or less.
Steven McNeill, Agent.
Dated Sept. 22, 1910. S27
-District of
Skeena Land District-
TAKE NOTICE that The Canadian
Fish & Cold Storage Company Ltd.,
of Vancouver, occupation Mercantile
and Manufacturing, Intends to apply
for permission to lease the following described land:-—Commencing at
a post planted at high water mark
on the westerly side of Prince Rupert Harbor and distant about 110
chains from the north-east corner of
Lot 443, thence west 20 chains,
thence south 20 chains, thence east
5 chains, more or less to high water
mark, thence following along the
high water mark to the point of commencement and containing 20 acres
more or less.
The Canadian Fish and Cold
Storage Company, Limited,
J. H.  Pillsbury, Agent.
Dated June 20th, 1910. Jyl2
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen  Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE    NOTICE    that    Frederick
Babe, of Fort William, Ont., occupation   barrister,  intends   to  apply  for
permission to purchase the following
described  lands:—Commencing at a
post  planted  about  five  miles south
of the  southeast  corner  of  Lot  227
and two miles west from shore line,
tlience  80  chains  east,     thence    SO
chains south, thence SO chains west,
thence  80  chains  north   to  point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that James Murphy, of Fort William, Ont., occupation coal merchant, intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about Ave miles
soutii from the southeast corner of
Lot 227, and two miles west from
slicre line, thence east SO chains,
thence north SO chains, tlience west
SO chains, thence south SO chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land  District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Agnes Smith,
of Fort  William,    Out.,    occupation
widow, intends to apply for permission   to  purchase  the  following  described  lands:—Commencing    at    a
post     planted  about   !•  miles  south
from the southeast corner of Lot 227,
and 3 y2  miles west from shore line,
tlienclie east SO chains, tlience south
80    chains,    tlience west SO chains,
thence  north  SO  chains  to  point   of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land   District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Sidney Smith,
of  Fort  William,    Ont.,     occupation
gentleman, intends to apply for permission   to   purchase   the   following
described  lands:—Commencing at  a
post planted about nine miles south
from the southeast corner of lot 227,
and 3 %  miles west from shore line,
thence east  8 0  chains,  thence north
SO   chains,   thence  west  80   chains,
tlience  south  80  chains to  point  of
commencement, containing 640 acres
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land   District—District  of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE thai Ardagh Smith,
of Fort   William,    Ont.,    occupation
agent, intends to apply for permission
to  purchase  the  following described
lands:—Commencing at a post planted     about     nine   miles   soutii   from
southeast corner of Lot 227, and 3 v„
j miles  west   from  shore  line,   thence
west   SO   chains,   thence    south     SO
chains, thenee east 80 chains, thence
north     Sn    chains  to  point  of commencement,  containing 640  acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land  District—District of
Queen Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE NOTICE   that    Arthur    A.
Vickers,  of Fort William,  Ont., occupation agent, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about five miles south
from the southeast corner of Lot 227,
and two miles west from shore line,
thence west SO chains, thence soutii
80  chains, thence    east     80  chains,
thence north  80  chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that John C. Murray, of Fort William,  Ont., occupation capitalist, intends to apply for
permission to purchase the following
described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about five miles south
from the southeast corner of Lot 227
aud two miles west from shore line,
tlience west 80 chains, thence north
80   chains,     thence  east  80  chains,
thence south 80  chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land  District—District of
Queen  Charlotte  Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Alexander C.
Moffat, of Fort William, Ont., occupation agent, intends to apply for permission   to   purchase   the   following
described  lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about seven miles south
from southeast corner of Lot 227 and
1 y2   miles  west  from     shore    line,
tlience east SO chains, tlience north
80   chains,   thence   west   80   chains,
thence south  80  chains to point of
commencement, containing 64 0 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena  Land  District—District  of
Queen  Charlotte Islands.
TAKE    NOTICE    that    John    L.
Davidson, of Victoria, B.C., occupation agent, intends to apply for permission   to   purchase   the   following
described  lands:—Commencing at  a
post planted about  9  miles south of
the southeast corner of Lot 227, and
3 ^   miles   west   from    shore     line,
thence west 80 chains, thence north
80  chains,     thence  east  80  chains,
thence south  80  chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that Josephine J.
Davidson, of Victoria, B. C, occupation married woman, Intends to apply
for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a post planted about 9 miles
south of the southeast corner of Lot
227, and 5% miles west from shore
line, thence east 80 chains, thence
south 80 chains, thence west 80
chains, thence north 80 chains to
point of commencement, containing
640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30
Skeena Land  District—District of
Queen Charlotte Islands.
TAKE NOTICE that James Henry
Smith, of Victoria, B.C., occupation
agent, Intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands:—Commencing at a
post planted about 9 miles south of
the southeast corner of Lot 227, and
5 Vi miles west from shore line,
thence east 80 chains, thence north
80 chains, thence west 80 chains,
thence south 80 chains to point of
commencement, containing 640 acres.
Arthur Robertson, Agent.
Dated August 20th, 1910. S30 Tuesday, October 11, 1910
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Available Timber of the World
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At the present time when there is I could be got at all.    From consider-
manifested such a disposition on the
part of so many moneyed men to invest in timber on th's coast, the following from the London Times relative to the timber of the world will
be of interest:—
For years the savants of all nations have been foretelling the approaching extinction of the world's
forest I'ne.'ves, bill -v'ta elm ir two
exceptions, little apparent effect has
been produced on the policv if governments respecting afforestation.
At the first glance the areas under
timber apear so enormous that, as
in the case of the predicted coal famine, a certain amount of scepticism
has been bred as to the grounds for
those doleful prophecies; while the
heavy Initial expense of afforestation
reform also stood in the way of energetic action. The Immensity of the
subject makes it exceedingly diffi-
cut to obtain anything like exact
statistics, but such rought figures as
are available make It abundantly
clear that those unappreciated predictions rest, at any rate, on some
basis of fact. The most important
commercial timbers of the world are
obtained from the coniferous trees,
which are to be found mostly In the
north of Europe and in North America. The great bulk of the Imports
of al large timber-consuming countries consists of those woods, with
the result that the available sources
of supply are being steadily narrowed. There may now be said to be
only six countries in a position to
supply unlimited quantities of merchantable timber, viz., Russia (including Finland), Austria-Hungary,
Norway and Sweden in Europe, and
Canada and the United States in
America. Of these the reserves in
the United States, Russia proper, and
Austria-Hungary are now seriously
threatened by the rapid growth of
their own requirements consequent
on the natural increase of the population, while in Norway the reaping
of the timber crop has been so wasteful as to bring exhaustion within
measurable distance. The resources
of Fin'and are still large, as are also
those of Sweden; while Canada now
represents the world's great reserve.
It was Colbert who said, "France
will perish for want of timber," and,
were it not for the marvellous adaptability of the human race, this
might now be said of the world as a
whole. That the approaching virtual
exhaustion of the foi est resources of
the universe constitutes a very serious question • cannot, however, be
denied whatever the degree of faith
in man's ability to provide himself
with "something just as good." It
might have been thought that the
substitution of iron and steel, stone
cement, and other materials too numerous to mention for timber In
modern constructional work would
have placed a check on the consumption of the latter, but experience has
shown that this is not the case. The
demand has developed even more
rapidly, and the ratio of increase has
been largely in excess of that of the
population Thus, while in the concluding forty years of last century
the population of Great Britain Increased by about 42 per cent, the imports of timber weret rebled; and in
a circular issued by the forestry department of the United States it was
stated that the proportionate increase of population since 1880 was
only half of the proportionate increase in the consumption of timber
during the same period. Even In a
great timber country like the United
States the consumption is three or
four times what the country produces. If further evidence of the steady
Increase of the consumption, as well
as of the depletion, of the reserves
be needed it is to be found In teb
fact that during Hiep ast few years
values have steadily appreciated.
Pine, for instance, has doubled in
price. In the last five or six years
teak has advanced in value by 50
per cent, while American black walnut is almost unobtainable at any
price. A competent authority, giving
evidence before the royal commission on coast erosion, said that im-
poted timber had doubled in value
during the previous twenty years and
the price of forests in Sweden, Canada, and the United States was ten
times higher. These were the statements of a man actively engaged in
timber-cutting in widely-separated
parts of the globe. Pressing upon
the commission the necessity for the
immediate adoption by the state of
an extensive scheme of re-afforestation, he hazarded the prediction that
in less than thirty years the £30,-
000,000 worth of timber now imported into Great Britain would cost
£60,000,000   or  £90,000,000,    if     it
ations such as there it is clear that
even in these days timber is one of
the most useful materials known to
man, and is not likely to be superseded so long as adequate supplies
are available. Largely owing to its
bulk the cost of the labor involved
in the felling, transporting, and
manufacturing of wood is very great
—being roughly equlvalen t to its
first cost—and the rapid destruction
of the forests contiguous to ready
means of transport and the steady
rise in wages have been important
factors in increasing its value. The
owners of standing timber are awaking to the great potentialities of a
large timber area, and are no longer
willing to sell at practically any price
that may be offered by the merchant.
It has been seen from the evidence
submitted to the royal commission
on coast erosion that forest values
have increased tenfold, and it is extremely probable that since that evidence was given ther has been a
further appreciation.
As already indicated, the European countries with a large surplus
available for export are Austria-
Hungary (with which may be coupled oBsnia and Herzegovina), Russia (including Finland), Sweden and
Norway. From al lot these countries, with the exception of Austria-
Hungary, Britain imports largely of
timber for constructional purposes,
and our interest in the depletion of
their forest reserves is no mere academic one. By far and away the
largest forest resrve in Europe is
now existing in Russia and Finland,
which have between them over 500,-
000,000 acres under timber. Austria-Hungary comes next, but a long
way behind with 50,000,000 acres,
Sweden following with 48,000,000
acres, Germany with 34,000,000
acres, France with 23,000,000 acres,
Spain with 20,000,000 acres, Norway
with 17,000,000 acres, and Italy and
Bulgaria each with 10,000,000 acres
Those represent widely varying percentages of area under forest, ranging from 44 per cent in the case of
Sweden and 4 per cent in tbe case
of Russia, to 14 per cent in Italy.
But even the least of those figures
is large when compared with Britain's very modest four per cent. The
proportions of area under state ownership also afford an Interesting comparison, being as high as 84 per cent
in the case of Spain, and as low as
7 per cent in Austria, the figures for
the other principal countries being
as follows: Russia, 61 per cent; Bosnia and Herzegovina, 70 per cent;
Germany, 33 per cent; Sweden, 27
per cent; Hungary, 16 per cent; and
Norway and France each 12 per cent.
With the four exceptions named, all
the European countries are larger or
smaller importers, particularly ,of
flight pines and firs, of which over
80 per cent of Great Britain's imports consists. At one time Germany
was a large exporter, but during the
last thirty years or so its position has
been reversed, and it now imports 25
per cent of its supplies, notwithstanding a huge increase in the domestic production. Austria-Hungray
and Norway and Sweden have borne
the brunt of the European demand
for the last sixty years, and continue to do so, but with the exception of the first-named countries it
is difficult to see how they can do so
for many more years. In Russia, particularly Siberia and IFnland, there
are still, however, large virgin forests, but at present they may be regarded as without the pale of practical politics in view of their inaccessibility, and it is estimated that the
value of the timber will have to advance by at least 200 per cent before it will pay to cut them down.
Our own point of view is, of
course, the most important for us,
and looking at the problem in that
way deprives It of none of its seriousness. Last year the total value of
the timber imported was £23,591,000
About a quarter of this was represented by hewn wood, viz, £5,7S3,-
000, of which £2,928,000 was in respect of pit props and wood, leaving
£2,855,000 as the value of the hewn
fir, oak and teak. Wood, sawn or
split, planed or dressed, accounted
for £115,469,000, furniture woods,
hardwoods, and veneers for £1,792,-
000, and staves for £546,000. Leaving out of account the pit props, furniture wooks, and staves, It Is found
that the total value of the shipments
from Russia was £7,228,000, from
Sweden £2,578,000, and from Norway £1,286,000, while Canada was
drawn upon to the extent of £3,304,-
000, and the United States for £2,-
052,000 worth.    When against those
mestic production of timber is valued
the extent of our dependence upon
foreign supplies will be realized.
Those who hold that the bulk of our
requirements, notwithstanding the
alleged superiority in quality of foreign timbers, could be grown at
home state that those needs' could be
fully met from a part only of the
twenty odd million acres of land now
lying waste and suitable for planting.
The eyes of the world are now directed to North America in ihcir
search for future timber supplies.
The area of land under forest in the
United States is prodigious. The
total amounts roughly to 700,000,-
000 acres, of which nearly 150,000,-
000 acres are under s'.aic management or control. Estimates naturally vary widely as to the actual reserves of merchantable timber, the
government census of 1900 putting
the stand at 1,390,000,000 feet
board measure, while two years later
Dr. B. E. Fernow, o' Toronto, esti
mated it at 2,000,000,000,000 feet.
This latter figure was substantially
corroborated by the American Lumberman in 1905; hut a conservative
estimate by a well informed correspondent, which appeared in the
Times at the close of 1908, put it
at 1,500,000,000,000 feet. Though it
is almost impossible lor the lay
mind to realize what these figures
mean, attempts have been made to
place a value on the timber, the
figure which is generally accepted by
competent authorities being roughly
£2,000,000,000. It might at the flrst
glance be concluded that such figures
represent a practically inexhaustible
reserve, but the statistics of consumption, which are naturally more
precise, are quite as Impressive, and
speedily dissipate anything akin to
complacency as to the future. The
present lumber cut amounts to 38,-
000,000,000 feet, and is increasing
at a truly remarkable pace. The
rapid growth of the population would
of course, prepare one for an increase in the timber consumption
year by year, but the actual rate of
increase has been very much in excess of what might reasonably be
looked for on that basis. Between
1880 and 1900 the growth of the
population amounted to 52 per cent,
but in the same period the output
of domestic timber increased by 94'
per cent. The output in the first-
mentioned year was 18,000,000,000
board feet, and since that date the
quantity put through the mills of the
United States totals 800,000,000,000
feet. The exports to Europe amount
to between £S,000,000 and £9,000,-
000 per annum, but on the other
hand over SO per cent of the timber
exports from Canada go to the
United States. From these figures it
follows that without, taking into account the growth of new forests the
available supply of merchantable
timber would be exhausted in forty
years, and even taking such growth
into consideration sixty years would
appear to be the furthest limit if the
duration of the timber supplies. Happily, there are indications that the
public conscience is being awakened
to the obligation which rests upon
the community to make good as far
as possible the enormous annual
wastage, and not only are the forests
being to some extent conserved, but
efforts are being made to reduce the
absolute waste which even yet is estimated but little short of a quantity
equivalent to that actually utilized.
Under the best conditions, however,
it is becoming increasingly plain that
lite time when the United States will
have timber to spare for foreign
consumers is fast drawing to a close.
Turning to Canada as apparently
the last resource of timber Importing countries, it must be confessed
that even here the generally accepted
figures are not too reassuring. Canada's stand of merchantable timber
Is put at a considerably lower figure
than that of the United States, being
In fact, ralher less than half. It is
not unlikely, however, that all hitherto accepted estimates will prove
to be under rather than above the
mark. The forests in British Columbia are very extensive, the stand
being estimated at between 150,000,-
000,000 feet and 200,000,000,000
feet. Canada's total forest area has
been placed at 1,250,000 square
miles, or 38 per cent of the total
area. There will be ample reserves
in Canada lo draw on for runny years
to come, as '.Here is not the same
enormous domesti: coiiswiiptlDU in
that country as In the United States,
but this mav not operite very effectively in tin d'.'ir.i.n of chocking
Ihe  upward  toadmey  of  values.  ,is
The Westholme
Lumber Company, Ld.
We carry the largest stock of
Building Supplies in the North.
Quotations given on short notice in all lines.
Rough and Dressed Lumber
Shingles and Lath
Mouldings and Cases
Doors and Windows
We handle Plaster and Lime at reasonable prices
Get our quotations for all classes of buildings.
Prince Rupert Hardware & Supply  M
Company, Ltd.  thos. dunn, Mgr.        §
Ready Nixed Paints,
Paints Ground in Oil,
Paints Ground in Japan,
Varnishes, Shellac, etc.
Water Stains
Seventeen Cents a Day
Please read the headline over
again. Then its tremendous significance will dawn  upon  you.
An Oliver Typewriter—Hie standard visible writer—the most highly
perfected typewriter on the market
—yours for 17  cents a day!
The typewriter whose conquest of
the commercial world is a matter of
business history—yours for 17 cents
a day!
The typewriter that is equipped
with scores of such conveniences as
"The Balance Shift"—"The Ruling
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"The Locomotive Fiase"—"The Automatic Spacer"—"The Automatic Tabulator"-—"The Disappearing Indicator"—"The Adjustable Paper Fingers"—"The Scientific Condensed
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St. Lawrence and its tributaries, is.
being rapidly cleared, and obviously
the cost of transport will increase
very appreciably as it becomes necessary to go further inland and northwards for the supplies. It must not
be assumed that the timber used by
man represents the whole of the consumption. The destruction through
forest fires and wind storms is incalculable. Little can be done to
mitigate the effects of the latter, but
the former can be combated with
more prospect of success. The steps
taken in this direction so far are
totally inadequate, but there is
ground for hoping that, in the next
few years more satisfactory progress
will be made both as regards the
preservation of the remaining forests
and the replanting of the depleted
In the matter of the Estate of Thomas D. Kearns, deceased, intestate
All parties having claims against
the above Estate are required to forward the same, with full particulars
thereof, duly verified, to the undersigned, not later than the sixteenth
day of February, 1911, after which
said date the Estate of the said deceased will be distributed amongst
those entitled^ thereto.
Dated at Atlin,   B.C.,   this    nineteenth day of August, A.D. 1910.
A6-OS Administrator.
Washington Cafe
Seats For Ladies
Everything Clean and Tasty
Prices Reasonable
Second Avenue, near Seventh Street
H. B. ROCHESTER,  -   Centre Street
Graham Island  School
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for Graham Island School,"
will be received by the Honourable
the Minister of Public Works up to
and including Monday, the 10th day
of October, 1910, for the erection and
completion of a small one-room
school building at Graham Island,
one of the Queen Charlotte Islands,
Skeena  Electoral  District.
Plans, specifications, contract and
forms of tender may be seen on and
after the 12th day of September,
1910, at the offices of John L. Barge,
Secretary to the School Board, Queen
Charlotte City; the Government
Agent, Prince Rupert; the Mining
Recorder, Jedway; and the Department of Public Works, Victoria.
Each proposal must be accompanied by an accepted bank cheque
or certificate of deposit on a chartered bank of Canada, made payable
to the Honourable the Minister of
Public Works, for the sum of $125,
which shall be forfeited if the party
tendering decline to enter  into con-
trac. when called upon to do so, or jconquest of the home.
If he fail to complete the work con-' The simplicity and Btrength of the
traded for. The cheques or ccrti-1 Oliver fit it for family use. It Is be-
licates of deposit of unsuccessful ten-! . ,     .,
derers will be returned to them upon  oomlnS   «   important   factor   In   the
We announced this new sales plan
recently, just to feel the pulse of the
people. Simply a small cash payment—then 17 cents a day. That
is the plan in a nutshell.
The result has been such a deluge of applications for machines
that we are simply astounded.
The demand comes from people of
all classes, all ages, all occupations.
The majority of inquiries has
come from people of known financial
standing who were attracted by the
novelty of the proposition. An Impressive demonstration of the immense popularity of the Oliver Typewriter.
A startling confirmation of our belief that the Era of Universal Typewriting Is at hand.
A Quarter of a Million People are
Making Money With
WiUa li e. N
The Standard  Visible  Writer
The Oliver Typewriter is a moneymaker, right from the word "go!" So
easy to run that beginners soon get
in the "expert" class. Earn as you
learn. Let the machine pay the 17
cents a day—and all above that Is
Wherever you are, there's work to
he done and money to be made by
using tbe Oliver. The business world
s calling for Oliver operators. There
are not enough to supply tbe demand.
Their salaries are considerably above
those of many classes of workers.
"An Oliver Typewriter in
Every  Home!"
That Is our battle cry today. We
have made the Oliver supreme ln
usefulness and absolutely Indispensable  ln   business.     Now   comeB  the
the execution of tlie contract.
Tenders will not be considered unless made out on the forms supplied,
signed with the actual signature of
Ihe tenderer and enclosed In the envelopes furnished.
The   lowest   or   any
Portland Canal Short Line Railway necessarily accepted
i !•'.
Public Works Engineer.
Public Works Department,
Victoria, B.C., September 7, 1910.
figures is placed  the £5,000,000  or  already   tiie   timber   contiguous   to
£6,000,000 at which the British  do-1 convenient   waterways,  such   ns   the
Pursuant to Section 7 of the Navigable Waters Protection Act (R. S.
Can. cap 115) notice Is hereby given!-
that there has been deposited in the  EXAMINATION    FOR    INSPECTOR
office    of    the    Minister    of    Public OP STEAM BOILERS AND
Works at Ottawa and a duplicate in MACHINERY
the Office of the Registrar of Titles! 	
at Prince Rupert, plans and descrlp-       Examinations   for  the   position   of
tion of the site and side elevation of  Inspector of Steam  Boilers and  M;v
coming   an   important   factor
home training of young people.    An
educator as well as a money maker.
Our   new   selling   plan    puts     the
Oliver on tbe   threshold    of    every
home   In   America.     Will   you   close
not I the door of  your  home or office on
this remarkable  Oliver  opportunity?
Write   for   further   details   of   our
easy offer and a free copy of the new
Oliver  catalogue.     Address:
a proposed railway wharf and trestle
approach thereto to be constructed
near the mouth of Bear River at
Stewart, British Columbia, and that
one month after the first insertion of
this notice the Company will apply
to the Governor-in-Coiincil for tlie
approval thereof.
Dated at Victoria, Britisli Columbia, this 16th day of September,
Chief Solicitor.
S23 Agents at Victoria, B.C.
Prince Rupert Agent
General   Offices:    Oliver   Typewriter
Building,  Chicago,  111.
NOTICE  Is hereby given  that the
reserve  existing  on   Crown   lands  in
cliinery, under the "Steam Boilers
inspection Act, 1901," will be held
at the Parliament Buildings, Victoria,  commencing   November     7th,
1910,    Application   and    instruction! the   vicinity   of   Bnhlite    Lake,     and
forms can  he bad  on  application  to Situate in  Cassiar District,  notice of
the undersigned, to whom the former
must be returned correctly filled In,
not later than October 24th, 1910.
Salary $130 per month, increasing at
the rate of $5 per month each year
to a maximum of $1 SO.
Chief Inspector of  Machinery,
New Westminster, B.C.
which bearing date June 30th, 1909,
was published ln the British Columbia Gazette, dated July 2nd, 1908, Is
Deputy Commissioner of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, Ii. C, June Ifith, 1910
(First Insertion July 5.)
Tuesday, October 11, 1910
Reported That D. D. Mann May Build
Line Close to Prince
Further Particulars Respecting I
posed Extension of His Portland  Canal   Road
Appointments .Made .by  Provincial
Government During Past Week
The Provincial Gazette now to
hand contains further particulars as
to the Intention of the Mann interests who are In possession of the
charter of the Portland Canal Short
Line railway In the application for
changes In the charter which were
outlined In a special to the Journal
on Friday.
Tiie notice of application to the
legislature states that the capitalization of the company will be increased
by the authority of the bill of which
notice has just been given and the
name and title of the company will
be amended in recognition of Its
transcontinental ambitions and importance.
The legislation sought, as outlined
In the despatch, Is to authorize .the
company to extend Its line from the
terminus at present provided for
(some sixteen miles out of Stewart)
In a general easterly direction to
the eastern boundary of the province
at or near where the Peace River intersects the boundary, from which
point It would naturally be extended
under an Alberta charter to connect
with the exisling Canadian Northern
services at Edmonton.
Notice has already been given of
an aplication that is to be made to
the Railway Commisioners at Ottawa for a recommendation that the
Canadian Northern Railway and the
Edmonton & Slave Lake Railway
companies be amalgamated.
In conjunction with the extension
of the system of the railway now
built at Portland Canal, It is reported
ln wel informed circles that the company will eventually alter the headquarters on the Pacific from Stewart
to a point which It not designated
but which is said to be convenient to
Prince Rupert. If such a course is
followed Prince Rupert will have all
the advantages in a shipping way
that are to be derived from this new
(Continued from Page One)
anxious to find ways for spending
more. Wherever petitions were presented they got the water.
Aid. Mobley thought it strange
that Aid. Hilditch should be bringing
this nil now. It was a little early
to he playing to the galleries. Election was still a long way off. Aid.
Hildltch had not opposed the putting
in of a stand pipe to serve Ninth avenue which was put In because the
engineer at thai time reported
against additional services being
provided, If a pipe line had been
laid on Seventh avenue, on which
Aid. Hildltch lived, ii would be all
right. lie was actuated by selfish
Aid, Hilditch who up to this stage
treated the references as a joke now
Interposed, lie objected to the language used by Aid. Mobley.
Aid, Mobley said that Aid. Hildltch
had from the beginning acted the
pari of a critic of the work done by
the council.
Aid, Hilditch said that two months
ago a vote had been passed to place
a hydrant at tiie sash and door factory. Aid. Mobley had some time
ago reported thai it was Impossible
to give water to Ninth avenue. Now
it was found thai it could be done, j
He wns not  playing to the galleries.
Aid, Hilditch added that he was
going to endeavor to find where the
money hud gone this vear. He was
going to move later on that each de
aprtmenl should report upon the expenditures. The citizens bad a right
to know where tliis money wns going to.
Aid Mobley pointed out that Unreport or the engineer had not yet
gone through the committee relative
to the hydrants. The hydrant at
the sash and door factory was not
Aid. Pattullo pointed out that the
finance committee had asked the city
treasurer to bring In a report show-
Ing exactly the expenditure. Aid.
Hilditch could at any Line ascertain
how the money was spent by coming
to the city hall and looking into it.
Aid. Hildltch took exception to the
Insinuation that he should look It
up  at   the  city   hall,
Aid. Pattullo pointed out that It
was the duty of Aid. Hildltch to acquaint himself with the facts and
take the time to do so.
Tiie matter then dropped.
The latest copy of the British Columbia Gazette contains notice of the
following appointments:—
Hem- y Bose of Surrey Center,
county of Westminster, to be a pus-
ilce of the peace for the province.
John Kyle, of the city of Van
'•ouver, to be drawing master of the
provincial normal school.
John Arthur Turner of London,
Eng., secretary to the agent-general
of British Columbia, to be commissioner for taking of affidavits within tiie county of London for use in
the courts of British Columbia.
Chester E. F. Fitzgerald, barres-
ter-at-law, to be a clerk In the land
registry office at Victoria, the appointment to date from October 1
William Morley and J. W. Haywood of Vernon to be game wardens.
David Whiteside, barrister-at-Iaw,
to be registrar of joint stock companies from October 1 in place of S.
Y. Wootten, resigned.
Arthur Gordon Smith of the city
city of Vancouver to be district registrar of titles for the Vancouver land
registry district from October 1 in
place of T. O. Townley, resigned.
The resignation of Walter Thomas
Dawley of Clayoquot, as justice of
the peace has been accepted.
R. H. Chane has been appointed
chief clerk in the land registry office
at New Westminster. W. E. O'Brien
has also been appointed a clerk in
the same office.
John Stewart of Ladysmlth has
been named to act temporarily as
registrar, deputy mining recorder,
de., in place of N. A. Morrison, resigned.
Lionel Crippen has resigned the
chief e'erkship in the government office at Prince Rupert.
Certificates of incorporation have
been granted to A. E. Tregent & Co.,
Ltd.; Columbia Bithulithic, Ltd.;
Coquitlam Board of Trade; Malcalm
International Blue Line System,
Ltd.; Pacific Marine Brokerage Co.,
Ltd., and the Vancouver Motor
Trades Association, Ltd.
Howell of Salvation Army Joins
Canadian Northern
Well Trained Worker Hns Identified
Himself With Big Undertaking
Lieut.-Col. T. Howell, head of the
immigration department of the Salvation Army in Toronto, has resigned that position and will take charge
of the big immigration scheme of
the Canadian Northern Railway company. Mr. G.V F.'' Southall, who has
been working for the Salvation Army
under Lleut.Col. Howell, follows his
chief to the railway company,
Wliile the head offices of the new
department will be in the Canadian
Northern offices in Toronto, Lieut-
Col. Howell and Mr. Southall will do
a great deal of their work in Britain.
The intention of the company is to
bring out farmers and farm laborers
from the old land and to settle them
on farms along the routes of the Canadian Northern in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Albert and British Columbia, or in Ontario if the newcomers so desire. Plans for assits-
ing those who desire to take up land
by loans for the purchase of stock
and implements, and for instructing them for the first year or so In
Canadian farming are under consideration.
Mr. Hanna, third vice-president of
the company, says the scheme contemplates very extensive settlements
on western farm lands, and Is to absolutely eschew the British towns In
securing immigrants, and to devote
tiie energies of the new department
to securing farmers, farm laborers
and fruit growers, the latter, of
course, largely for British Columbia.
Should the development of the
coal fields of the west which the Mackenzie & Mann intersts control require It, miners will also be brought
Regarding domestic servants, It Is
understood that special efforts are to
lie made to secure those accustomed
to service in farm houses in Britain
for similar positions In Canada, and
for the other class of domestics an
arrangement will be made with some
Toronto institutions to look after
there when they arrive, and secure
places for them all over Canada.
 . o	
Mrs. W. H. Vlckers, after an enjoyable visit in the Old Land and In
the southern part of the province,
has returned to the city.
The  Next  Tiling
To consider after you have ascertained that your mining proposition
is one of merit, and that practical
mining men are looking after the
development, is the financial arrangement of the company.
We invite your inspection of our
property, development and capitalization. You can make a deposit and
we will reserve stock. Call or ad-
dredd, the F, T. Bowness Brokerage
Company, fiscal agents, the Hazelton
Nine Mile Mining Company, Dawson
Block, Third avenue near Sixth street
Telephone 77.
;«•;. •;..;. »;* »j. »j.»;«»;..j. .;*»;..;. »;• **
|    MARINE NEWS   1
To Arrive
Tuesday,    Oct.    11.—Prince    Albert
from Masset.
City of Seattle from Skagway.
Wednesday,  Oct.   2. —Prince  Rupert
from Vancouver.
Cottage City from Seattle.
Thursday,    Oct.    13.—Prince Albert
from Stewart.
Humboldt from Seattle.
Friday, Oct. 14—Camosun from Vancouver.
Saturday,  Oct.   15.—Princess  Royal
from Skagway.
Prince  Albert  from  Queen  Char
lotte City.
Sunday,    Oct.    16.—Prince    George
from Vancouver.
Camosun from Stewart.
Monday, Oct. 17.—Princess Beatrice
from Vancouver.
Prince Albert from Stewart.
To Depart
Tuesday,   Oct.   11.—City   of   Seattle
for Seattle.
Wednesday, Oct.  22.—Prince  Albert
for  Stewart.
Cottage City for Skagway.
Thursday,   Oct.   13.—Prince Rupert
for Vancouver.
Humboldt for Skagway.
Prince Albert for Queen Charlotte
Friday, Oct. 14.—Camosun for Stewart.
Saturday,  Oct.   15.—Princess  Royal
for Vancouver.
Sunday, Oct. 16.—Camosun for Vancouver.
Prince Albert for. Stewart.
Monday, Oct. 17.—Prince George for
Princess Beatrice for Skagway.
Prince Albert for Masset.
Trip to Honolulu
Having chartered the new twin-
screw steamer Prince Rupert from
the Grand Trunk Steamship company
for the trip, the Seattle chamber of
commerce will conduct a midwinter
excursion to the Hawaiian Islands
early in 1911. While primarily a
sight-seeing tour of the islands, the
trip of the Prince Rupert will give
business men of the northwest an
opportunity to cement their trade relationship with 'the industries of the
islands. The Honolulu chamber of
commerce will be hosts of the visitors when they reach the islands, and
trade relations will be thoroughly
The Prince Rupert will sail from
Seattle on February 2, 1911, and
thirty-two days will be consumed on
the trip. The passenger list will not
be enfined to Seattleltes, invitations
being extended to the people of the
northwest by the Seattle chamber of
commerce. Special invitations will
be sent to the chamber of commerce
of Portland, Tacoma, Spokane, the
Grays Harbor cities and the cities of
British Columbia to be represent*: i
on the tour.
Floating Island
The news of a great floating island
24 0 miles southwest of the Horn was
brought to Seattle by the big American barque Atlas, which arrived In
the Sound port after an eventful
voyage of 138 days from Philadelphia. The Atlas sighted the island,
a great mass of earth, trees and underbrush, over a half square mile
In area, floating at sea. Birds could
be seen on the Island and growing
plants and brush were clearly visible. The Atlas passed within a half
mile of the great bulk of earth.
Depletion of Fish
The gravest fears are expressed by
prominent fish dealers that the fishing industry in the vicinity of St.
John, N.B., in the Bay of Fundy
waters in general is on tbe verge of
"There is~no doubt that the whole
industry is being depleted," said one
man. "All kinds of fish are very
scarce and prices are higher than
ever before. It Is felt that the fishermen are themselves largely to
blame, and they are charged with
catching the smaller fish to make up
for the scarcity of larger ones. The
fish wardens are to take the matter
up. All along Ihe New Brunswick
coast fish are very scarce, codfish
and herring being a total failure.  ...
Reginald C. Brown Returns From
Charlottes Delighted With
Work   to   Begin  on  Line  And  Also
on the Coal Measures Held
By His Syndicate
Carpets, Chairs,
Fruit Jars
Active work in connection with the
building of the Queen Charlotte railway will commence at once. This is
the announcement of Reginald C.
Brown, president of the B. C. company who is or.e of the directors of
the company which holds the charter
for the road. He returned on Sunday night from the Islands in company with Alex Faulds after examining into the properties held by him
there. The trip was a trying one as
the party started at Masset and
tramped on foot across the trail to
Queen Charlotte City where they
caught a vessel for here.
While fatigued by the trip, Mr.
Brown expressed himself as delighted with what he had seen. He prophesies for that part of the province
that it wil shortly become one of the
richest sections of the province.
Mr. Faulds, the coal expert, made
examinations for him and he says
the showing of anthracite coal Is of
the highest quality. The examinations were made on the coal measures which are controlled by Mr.
Brown and his associates which were
referred to a short time ago in the
Journal. The quality is equal to that
at Camp Wilson and can be reached
at an easy depth of a few hundred
feet. The report of Mr. Faulds is of
such an encouraging nature that Mr.
Brown will take steps at once to
bring about the organization of a
strong company to develop it.
Tbe railway will leave Skidegate
Inlet at a point probably between
Skidegate and Queen Charlotte City
and proceed to Masset Inlet. It will
open up a very rich district, the
richest, in the opinion of Mr. Brown
and others, that Is to be found on
the Islands.
The country to be thus opened up
has a wealth of timber and coal, and
is a very valuable agricultural district. The railway line will serve to
deveop the different industries.
Along the route of the line which
was granted a charter last session
there are holdings in the hands of
different capitalists in several of
which syndicates Mr. Brown is interested.
While, of course, Mr. Brown had
no authority to say what would be
done, it is more than reasonable to
suppose that there may be a joining
up of several of these interests into
a larger concern.
The railway would serve as a timber carrier for some of the heaviest
timber of the coast. There is also
the coal interests and the agricultural lands.
The holdings of the syndicate of
which John G. Johnston is the representative is also along the line of
the railway to be built by Mr.
Brown's company.
The indications therefore all point
to a wonderful development this
coming summer. Work will be done
on the coal development at once so
that all may be In shape for an early
start in mining.
Second Avenue and Sixth Street
Entrance on Sixth Street
Prince  Rupert  Private   Detective
N.  McDonald, Malinger
All kinds of legitimate detective work
handled  for companies and  individuals. '  Business  strictly  confidential.
P. O.  Box 81)3 — Phone 210
Office at H. B. Rochester, Centre St.
is handled by us.  All orders receive
prompt attention.  Phone No  68.
I Don't Forget
Importers and Wholesalers  of
Wines and Liquors
Are making a specialty of the
FAMILY TRADE We a*e sole
agents in Northern British Columbia for
the acknowledged champion of
American Beers. For those
who prefer a local beer we have
Nanaimo Beer
the best local beer on the
market. We also carry a complete stock of all standard
brands of
etc.. etc., and our
are   selected   by   an   expert.
Christiansen & Brandt Bid.
Third Avenue
Some Rock
Set Us For Investment
Rupert City Realty & Information Bureau, Ltd.
Wireless Carries For 5,600 Miles According to Marconi
A new long-distance record for
wireless transmission Is claimed by
the Marconi Telegraph company,
which announced that the officers
were Informed in a despatch from
London that Mr. Marconi, who Is
now In the Argentine republic, has
succeeded In receiving signals direct
from Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, and
from Cllfden, Ireland, at the high
power station now almost completed
In the Argentine republic. The distance covered Is estimated at 5,600
 o ■—
Angus Stewart of This City Bought
Wisely Near Site of Port Mann
Among those who made money out
of Port Mann property Is Angus
Stewart, of this city. According to
the Vancouver papers he has on an
investment of $17,000 made $38,000
which Is much earier made money
than sub-contracts on the G. T. P.
right of way in the city limits which
Mr. Stewart has been carrying out.
Seven months ago Mr. Stewart
purchased a little over 100 acres on
the Hjorth road lying immediately
south of the townsite. He disposed
of his holdings this week for $55,-
000.    The deal was made by Mr. J.
•   Between:
John  Jacobs,  Frank   Johnson,    and
Charles Carlson, carrying on business as Contractors under the firm
name or style of Hawkins & Co.,
C. Peterson, C. Larson, and C. Anderson, Defendants.
To C. Peterson, and C. Larson, of
Prince Rupert, in the Province of
British Columbia:
\OU are hereby required to take
notice that a Writ of Summons was
issued in the Supreme Court of British Columbia, Victoria Registry,
against you, C. Peterson, and C. Larson, and C. Anderson, at the suit of
John Jacobs, Frank Johnson, and
Charles Carlson, carrying on business
as Contractors under the firm name
or sty'e of Hawkins & Co., on the
29th day of November, 1909, claiming to have it declared that the Defendants on or about the 15th day
of January, 1909, withdrew from the
partnership business then being carried on by the Plaintiffs and ceased
from said date to have any Interest
therein, having abandoned the same
and that they thereby forfeited all
right in or to any of the monies
earned by such business under and
by virtue of a contract entered into
with D. A. Rankin in or about tbe
month of August, 190S, and completed on the 13th day of November,
1909, to do certain work upon a portion of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railroad near Prince Rupert in the Province of British Columbia, and for an
account and for a receiver, and that
you are thereby required to cause an
appearance to be entered for you at
the Victoria Registry of the Supreme
Court aforesaid and that in default of
your so doing the Plaintiffs may proceed therein and judgment may be
given in your absence.
And you are further required to
take notice that by an order of the
Honourable Mr. Justice Gregory
made in the said cause on the 22nd
day of September, 1910, service of
the said Writ of Summons upon you
C. Peterson and C. Larson was ordered to be effected by serving Lewis
W. Patmore, Barrlster-at-Law, with
a copy of the Writ of Summons herein and a copy of the order now being
recited and by publishing notice of
the said Writ of Summons and order
in the Prince Rupert Journal for six
Issues thereof. • And that you be required to appear to the said Writ of
Summons within eight days from the
last publication in the said newspaper
or from the service on' the said Lewis
W. Patmore whichever should last
happen and that the same should be
good and sufficient service upon you
of the Writ of Summons In the said
Dated this 23rd day of September,
Yours, etc.,
Solicitor for the Plaintiffs, whose address for service Is at the office of
the said J. A. Alkman, Imperial
Bank Chambers, corner of Yates
and Government streets, Victoria,
British Columbia. S27
M. Macmillan, broker of this city,
who, on behalf of the Canadian
Northern Railway, bought all the
acreage constituting the present
townslte of Port Mann.
Mr. Stewart subsequently expressed the opinion that he had been a little premature ln selling out and believes that he would have realized
$1,000 an acre If he had held the
property a few months longer.
Fred Stork
General Hardware
...Complete Line of...
Pipe and Pipe Fittings
NOTICE is hereby given that the
reserve existing on Crown lands ln
the vicinity of Babine Lake, situate
In Range 6, Coast District, notice of
which was published in the British
Columbia Gazette, dated December
17, 1908, Is cancelled ln so far as
said reserve relates to lots numbered 1519, 1518, 1517, 1516, 1515,
1510, 1507, 1506, 1506A, 1503 1501,
1502, 1512, 1511, 1505, 1504, 1513,
1514, 1509, 1508, 1530, 1527, 1528,
1529, 1531, 1532, 1533, 1534, 1535,
1537, 1539, 1536, 1538, 1540, 1541,
1544, 1543, 1545, 1546, 1542, 1647,
1548, 1549, 1550, 1520, 1521, 1522,
1523, 1524, 1525, 1526, and 1551.
Deputy Commissioner of Lands.
Lands Department,
Victoria, B. C, June 16th, 1910.
(First insertion July 5.)
'" -C'f''<
,-•"    ■»
There's nothing about a set of
harness that requires such careful
attention, In both leather and workmanship, as traces and collars, there's
where the strain lies, there's where
we excel, though we are just as
watchful as to every other detail of
a complete set of harness, be It for
heavy or light work.
B. C. Saddlery Company
Jobbers of Leather, Harness, Saddles, Whips, Trunks and Valises,
Pads, Blankets, Rugs; Harness Soaps
and Dressings.
The Roland Rooms
Splendid Accommodations
Newly Furnished
Hot baths;   right down town;   good
table board all round


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