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The Paystreak Jun 16, 1900

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-S^.A.H-A    /,**&>**,
SANDON, JUNE lb t900.
The purchaser of the Denver is John
Mrs. R. A- Creech returned on
Thursday from Kemie.
Mrs. Jas. Griffiith left on Sunday for
inokano, Wash., to visit her parents.
P. I). Carberry and family have gone
L> Nelson, where they will reside for a
l>w months.
Wm. Findle\ went up to the Lardo
��u Thursdoy to commence operations
>n his claims.
Walmsley  and   Bennett   have  com-
tnenced building on the lot  leased from
;   K. Atherton Co.
li. I).   McMartin   has sold   his   resi-
License Commission Meeting.
Regular meeting of the License
Commissioners of the Corporation of
the City of Sandon was held on Wednesday, June 13th. Present: Mayor
Pitts and Thos. Brown.
Applications for renewal of license
were read and the following licenses
granted : Hotels, Reco, Balmoral, Sandon, Clifton, Ivanhoe and Palace.
Saloons, Klondike, Star, Kootenay,
Miners, Filbert Exchange and  Central.
The transfer of license from Walmsley & Bennett, Palace hotel, to Mrs.
Annie Egan, was granted. Transfer
of license from Carbery & Bennett,
was laid over on account of a numerously-signed petition to the commissioners from the residents in the neighborhood protesting in most emphatic
lence on Cody Avenue to the Methodist j tmns against the present occupants,
(lurch people lor a parsonage. Motion was carried  that   all   holders
Neil Regan arrived from Trout Lake i ��{ licenses granted on July 15th next be
1 given sixty days in which to complete
their premises in accordance with the
requirements of the License Act. Otherwise such licenses to be cancelled.
At an adjourned meeting held on
Friday the transfer of The Denver
license to John Nelson was granted.
Financial Statement of- the Relief
Government of B. C $1,000 00
C. P. R       500 00
Vancouver Board of Trade...      500 00
Rossland       947 80
Bank of British Columbia       250 00
Last Chance Mining Co       250 00
roterday.     He   reports matter-, a trifle
[uiel in the Lardeau just now.
Pitts Bros, have moved their store
Into the building formerly occupied as
lohn Keen's committee rooms.
Tom McCiuigan is visiting in Spok-
ine. Pat Dwyer has charge of the
vmerican Boy during his abse.ice.
A meeting of the Relief Committee
kv.is called for last night bul adjourned
until today as there was no quorum.
II.    __L   Pitts   received    word    from
lultsville,   Out.,   on   Monday    that   a
��� lighter had beted added to his family.
Mother and child are doing well!
Mr.   and   Mrs.   George   Vallance ol
lamilton, Ont.,   who are on their way
in California, were in Sandon this week j ph-ted   in a few   days and the   grading
isiting  Jas.   Vallance, of H.   Byers & ! started on   the Carpenter creek   Hume.
o.    Hamilton Byers   and wife accom-   There were over bo men on the   payroll
Mtnied them.
With the inauguration of the Imperi-
Limited  service   the  C. 1\ R.    wil'
��pcrale   a   through     sleeper   between
Lrrowhead   and     Vancouver    for  the
��ccomodation of the   Kootenay   travellers.
250 00
250 00
250 00
250 00
250 00
250 OO
250 00
244 00
650 00
200 00
130 00
Byers & Co
Minnesota Silver Co	
F. A. Wood	
Idaho   Mines	
B. N. White Co	
H. Giegerieh	
Payne Mining Co	
Nelson Operatic   Society
Grand  Forks	
Winnipeg       200 00
K��**h> *       5^5 35
Silverton       418 00
Pitts  Bros., goods     32  10
H. Giegerieh  410 26
I). J.   Robertson    ,7200
1). J. McLaughlin,     15  13
A Osborne,  wood       5 00
Wm.   Stubbs   254 50
Peter Gannon, cook     26 50
Mrs. Funk, overseer restaurant    38 50
Mrs. McKinnon     22 00
Thos Brown & Co     54 64
Wm. Stubbs, special constables 150 00
C. P. R. Agent, tickets, tel'ms. 41 38
Wm. Stubbs, special constables    66 75
H. Giegerieh     26 35
H. Byers & Co        1  50
P.  Carberry      12 00
Paystreak, printing and papers      5 75
H. Tattrie, milk     21
Jalland   Bros     qi
E. A. Cameron, draying     22
Hickman & Gainer,  meals      25 30
John Lowes, tent     25 00
Follett and Wm. Summers       7 00
The Minnesota Mill.
Sheradin and Harbottle will have
their stone work contract completed at
the Minnesota concentrator on Monday.
Raising will be under full swing in a
few days. A gasoline hoisting engine
has been brought down from the mine
for the purpose of throwing the framework together as rapidly as possible.
The   Miller  creek   Hume   will be com-
at the   mill this week   and over   125 in
the employ of the companv altogether.
The Icanhoe Tunnel.
The long crosscut tunnel at the
Ivanhoe is now in over 1,250 feet, and
il is expected lhat the ledge will be encountered in another 40 feet. The tunnel   was  commenced   last   November,
Tlie deadline his been   moved   down
>nto Colonel Brayton's   townsite.     Red
finds  and signal   lights, the  outward
kind  visible signs of commercial   love,  a^ has been pushed ahead taster than
nark  the  lines  of  Piano   street   and j any other  similar working  in the pro-
_-.fr.cnn avenue. *��nce\   'l J��  m,,e ,eel ,n !he ?l*H? Il,,df
1 two air drills   were used   in the   breast
"Bob" Broddy and hie side  partner, 1 aj| (he time,
[[���Fatty", are laying water pipe into the 1     Above where this tunnel will tap the
"IwsTREAK  office.    We intend to give  |edge a winze has been  sunk 185 feet.
Ihe plant and good will in part payment \ \n upraise 70 feet will connect with the
ith  a   mortgage  on our  life  for  the j wjn*-e,   giving a stoping ground of 255
alance.    That should   satisfy even the " '
feet from   the lower  to the  next   level
From  the upper tunnels the ore  dump
conies down  over the ground   through
which this long tunnel has been driven
and a raise will be made  from 300 feet
Geo. Watte, Past-Grand, delegate
from Silver City Lodge, No. \q,
1. O. O. F., left on Mondav to attend
land  delegates  will   make a  Htfonff I ���g^^^elSS' ���6m'itbe~''ioW!W tumipl.
Mit   to have the   Grand body   ��"^ ��^y Jbe middie of September,  when the
mill   is  running,   the mine  will   be in
U.U. hlett on Monday to atieoa u ^ .       ^ bottom-of the ore dump
ie  Grand   Lodge  at   Victoria.      The j       ^ ^ c;m be h.md|ed to the
Nelson, Rossland or Sandon in 1901.
F. A. Wood will build a two story
��rick building on the ground now occupied by W. H. Lilly's house and
irimmett & Crawford's stable. The
Hans are for a building 60x80, two
ftories, with six stores on the ground
foor and offices and hall in the second
Itnry. Construction will be commenced
jis soon as the necessary arrangements
���an be completed for securing the land
ruin the K. & S.
shape to keep it running night and day
for a long time to come.
Alien Laic will be Enforced.
Ottawa, June _*_-.���E.'-Pi Bremner,
of New Denver, left here yesterday for
home- He has been appointed an
agent of the department of justice to
watch and report any violations of the-
alien labor law.
Slocan  City	
Eaton & Co., Toronto	
Henderson   Bros	
Col. Bank of B. C, Nelson...
Col. Bank of Mont'l., Nelson
Carpenters Joiners L'n'n, Ross
Hiram  Walker & Co	
51I1 Reg'. Conceit, Victoria..
C. H. Hand	
J. W.  Moffat	
H. Tatterie	
C. Adams	
L.  Christie	
H.  Pit'S	
M. Wilson	
Fred Hume  	
M. Gintzburger	
J. A. Whitlier	
J oh n   Daly	
Father Ferland	
Smith Curtis	
Col. at Yellowstone  Mine	
Masonic Lodge, Perth	
J. F.  Mcintosh	
Clossett & Devers	
W. G. Scott I	
J. H. Heal	
J. Rockney	
T. Duffy..	
Piccolo, Rossland	
T. Moore,   Revelstoke	
In His Name	
Proceeds  sale  of store   and
surplus  store ���
Collected  bv   Mrs.   Funk   in
Relief Tent	
Jalland Bros	
Total $4778 80
Total Cash receipts $9,921.15
Total Disbursements $4,778.80
Ballance on hand $5,142.35
140 00
50 00
bb 00
200 00
50 00      'p-_e a|10ve tloeg not take anv account
2'7 ����  of the receipts  of goods   which   were
"   _ ?? I furnished to the relief committee.     No
attempt   could be  made to itemise  the
accounts   paid these can be   seen at the
office of the secretary.
Through a clerical error in the Bank
Of Montreal, Nelson, a further sum of
$1,000 h. s yet to be transferred to the
a 5
E. R. Atherton, goods.. $997 40
H. H. Pitts, goods  572 75
R J. Broddy goods     19 05
Walmsley & Creech, draying...    40 00
H. Byers & Co.,  goods  494 80
Jalland Bros., goods   176 00
Nelson Sawmill,  goods     22 2$
Hunter Bros.,  goods    194 40
F. C. Sewell, emp of labor  400 00
F. C. Sewel '       150 ���
Walmslev & Creech, draying...    20 00
H. Byers & Co., goods     28 75
E; R. Atherton Co., goods       6 00
P, Burns & Co.,   goods  22^  13
Stein Bros.,  goods       1  75
Hickman & Gainer,...       3 85
Whole Brigade Tenders Resignation
to the Citt) Council
A meeting of the fire brigade was
held in Pitts Bros', store last night al
which nearly all the members were
present. W. F. Lawson acted as secretary, James V. Martin in the chair.
As the books were destroyed by fire, no
minutes of last meeting were available.
A financial statement showed that
there were no funds on hand. The
Kaslo expedition arranged that matter.
The secretary was instructed to write
a document thanking Hunter Bros,
and H. Byers & Co. for their liberality
toward the brigade.
Frank C. Sewell's resignation was
read. The boys did not like to pari
company with the old chief, but the
circumstances of his present employment make it imposible for him to act
further in that capacity, and his resignation was accepted with regrets.
After a lengthy discussion regarding
the affiairs of the brigade, the following
motion was carried: " That the fire
brigade as a body tender their resignation to the city council in order that
the city may organize a new brigade bv
public meeting."
The Official Returns.
Kaslo, B. C. June 15���Special to the
Paystreak���The recount of ballots was
completed here at 4:30 to-day by Returning officer, Dockste��ider.. The
official figures are: Green, 639; Kane,
170; Keen 373.	
The tunnel on the No. 1, adjoining
the Sovereign is in 30 feet and contracts
have been let for another 100 feet to W.
W. Warner.
: t
i-i 3|
: !j
Mi?   I ;un tin-
S-��.ik(l child.   1 um
Tin-only one and I
Run itra roo*t.   Wh.-n I
Want :mytJiinc I
Vt-ll and I keep nn
YellinK rill 1 am
Bl.u-k In tlie face nnd you
Bet I rm It.  They
DaA-at'iit whip me beeauM
I wn* sick once and
When I get wliip-K-il I have a
Pit and they're a'l
Afraid I'm golnx to die, hut
I 'ulnt.   Vou couldn't kill me
With nn axe hut
Th-.y're not on and It's
A ��rraft for your
Life.   In the
Morning I havft a
Clean white waist on and
I fall in the mud ahoul
Eleven times in the
Forenoon just to show I
Ami hot stuff.   When we
Hi��"e oompsny I nit in the
Parlor und say
< 'utrajpeous thlnirs just to
Make my mnthrr sQutrtn and
Call me a dear little
Buy and tell me there i.-�� some
Cake in the |iantry and don't I
Want ii t   Oh, I'm onto the
Ru-h-*- and the flies
Don't n <>st oil me very
Often.   Every little
While I fall off the
Chicken coo|�� or the
Bjick |H��rch just to
Keep the
stock of company up to
Par.   When I can
Oow to biff me with her
Hotfoot I am solid for
Pie for
A week.   I am
Smooth I am. and when 1
(ipiw up I'm going to be a
Politician or some other kind of
A eonfidein t- man and
���fay the rubes.   l_ook
nut!   Don't you
Lay a Bngefou me or III
Holler and vou'H
Have our whole family for
Seven generations back on
Your neck!   I'm n
Tender t��lant. and I've
Hot to Im- protected like the
Rest of our
Infaii' lndu*iries!   _Skouse
Me. there is a
Tom cat over there and I
GfaeSs I'll soak his
Tail in kerosene and
S��-t tire to it before
���Sunday school, so
lirvHl day!
���Bi'sinark Tribune,
A recent ��� paper bearing this title,
written b< B. L Thane,' appeared in
tin- Transactions of the American In
stitute. of Mining' Iaigiiieers, calling
attention to the greater economy of
power drilling- over hand work in stop-
ing. Iu Canada the majority of the
.sloping is dime with machines, while
tin- reverse is the case in the United
States. j��fact which is perhaps not generally known hi this country. In spite
of this the costs of mining-are generally
higher heri-rthau then*, a result due to
tin**,.difference in skill of the workmen
There have linen case*? in Canada where
miners from Colorado and Utah, work
ino- hy''single hand drilling have ad
v a Heed drifts more rapidly than Canadian miners using machine, drills in
other parrs of the name mine in exactly
similar roek. This means that the
western miners not only were very
expert drillers, but that they were so
much better trained in the art of blast
ing that the total length of holes drilled
per unit volume of rock broken was iu
their case less, which shows that our
Canadian miners have something to
learn regarding the proper location of
shot holes That our mining costs are
so high  in mines using power drills in
no primrose lined pathway to the
depths w del. take him to his daily
labor.���Mining World.
stopes shows again the need of more
efficient training of the common miner
in the principles and practice ot economical setting of shot holes. In the
North Star mine in California, where
with hand stuping the mining costs bad
been brought below 75 cents per ton of
ore lifted, machine drills have been introduced to reduce expenses. A similar
change has been made iu the I tica
mine. Mr. Thane reports that in Ins
own work in Alaska, two men using an
Ingersoll-Sergeant "Baby drill' put In
regularlv 40 feet of hole a day iu hard
quartz, full of slips and seams. 'I hi*
was done between the hours of Mam
and 4:30 p. m, leaving still sutlicient
time during the shift for the same
miners to do all their own timbering, to
build their own chutes and ladder-ways.
to shovel away the broken rock, and to
keep the place iu shipshape order. He
does not mention the system of breaking adopted, hut it is presumable that
he was breaking to benches It is
curious that this system has not been
employed in any of the mines In Central
and Eastern Canada. It admits of the
most economical use of dynamite, and
keeps the mine in better condition It
is a system which was so early evolved
in raining practice on account of its
manifest advantages, that it is difficult
to account for the fact that in a mining
region of large extent thetiue art of
stoping should have heen practically
lost It emphasizes again the need of
creating a body of properly trained
mine foremen, which can be acconip
lished bv requiring them to take out a
license, to be issued after suitable demonstration of fitness.���( anadian Mining
Miners deserve and generally receive lair wages in the western min
ing states, but the wa.-es are not
uniform bv any means. The cost ol
livin-r, of rent and ot fuel vary at
places, but the work is about all the
same, hard, dangerous and confining.
In California, where all the conditions,
climate, cheapness of bread-stuffs ami
rent favor the underground worker,
'hev receive $2 50 for 10 hours' work
In Nevada they are paid $8.00 lor 10
hours' work In Colorado $2**0 to
$3 00 are paid for 10 hours' work. Iu
Leadville. which has an altitude of
10,000 feet, $3.00 are paid, where the
workings are wet, for 10 hours
In Utah miners receive $2.60 freight hours'work. It is understood
by both the employer and employees
that the eight hour law is not accept
able in the mines. The more aniSi
tiotis want to work 10 hours and get
$3.00. They contend Unit eight hours
don't keep the men occupied long
enough. They drift around saloons
and acquire the habit ot di inking
mora than is good for them. It is also
held that the ambitious miners who
want to increase their pay by inereas
in_r their hours ot labor go' to other
states where the conditions for making
more money by day's labor better
suits them.
In Montana miners' wages are
about the same in every mining
locality. Underground miners receive their $3 Tit) per shift, while a
number of others, working less laborious and less exposed situation, take
a little less, but on the whole the
Montana miner carrios the blue ribbon
wage scale among all the states, ami
the. state has the best miners in the
entire west. As a rule they arc
sober,   reliable and  thrifty.    Those
Tutor: "You know, of course, that in
Christian countries such as ours a man
il only allowed one wife. Now, what
is that state of things called ?" Poptl I
"I know.   Monotony 1"���Punch.
A teacher in a certain school recently received the following note
from the mother of a boy who had
heen absent for a day or two: "Dere
Mam���plese eggscuse Willy. He
didn't hav but one pare of trowsers,
an' I kep him home to wash an' mend
them, and Mrs. O'tooleS cow come
and et them up off the line, aud that
awt to be eggscuse enuff, goodness
nose. Yours with res-��eck.���Mrs. B."
Krank: "The bill ot fare at this
place is getting internally monotonous. Here's 'fried soles' again today." Frank: '"Fried souls?' That
dues smack of infernal monotony."���
Philadelphia Record.
One of the best examples of the
great inventor Edison's wit is recorded. \ gentleman repietenting the
building committee of a city church
called to see Mr. Edison. The committee had been unable to decide
whether lo equip the church witl
lightning rods or not. and had sent to
secure Mr. Edison's opinion on the
m-liter, "Bv all means." said Edison ,,pOt on the rods. You know
providence is sometimes absent-
When Archbishop Trent was dean
ot Westminster he declared Canon
Curt-ton to preach at the Abbey <>n a
certain saint's day. On such days
the boys of Westminster school attended service, and after service had
the rest ot the day as a holiday.
While the canon, on the morning of
the day of which he was to officiate,
was looking over his sermon at the
breakfast table, hit son asked, in a
tone vibrating with anxiety, "Father,
is yours a long sermon to-day?" '-No,
Jimmy, not very." "Bat how long?
Mease tell me." "Well, about twenty
minutes, I .should say. Mm why are
vou so anxious to know?" "localise,
father, the boys say they will thrash
mo awfully il you are more than half
an hour."
Before Retiring,
No matter how busy you may be,
vou should also attend to your toilet
before going to bed. It is not enough
to throw oft' your clothes and jump
into bed. You must have some warm
water and give your face a good wash
Hiis will give you as much rest as
of-i/oi,   renaui-a nuu  Miririv.    rnose ---���*.�������� ,�����, aa uiuci)  rest as
who have families support them  in 1,n   nour's  sleep.    You   should   also
good shape and educate their children mush your hair which will  mob. u
at the public schools without incurr- grow   thick   and  li ? * U
ing  costs   thev   cannot   bear.    The !,     ,u and   fflo8s*v'   Hml
Montana   miner,   though   receiving 8mootn   V0UI'  nerves.    Finally
maximum wages, is exposed to the Imi8t drink �� cup of hot milk '
maximum discomforts and dangers ����coa�� or even a _rlass of h,.*-'
attending   his vocation.    He t.r��nd<. n���_i -*.-.* .. .,*..���..** l
After this little supper you may g0l0
sleep without fear of insomnia, and
in the rooming, at awakening' ,0n
will be fresh and hearty, and'very
glad you are alive. If p^
never place your bed against thi
wall, or,  at least, pull it out a
at night, so that the air may circulate
around you freely durirg sleep,
���CUmCM   AMI   MIMN,},
An earthern dam To feet high should
hare a top width of ->o feet
A four-inch iron pipe 10 vardaIon?
will hold about li>o pounds water.
A cistern or tank. Inside measurement
tij- feet diameter. 12 feet deep, will hoM
900 barrels.
The forty-nine incorporated romiian-
ies on the Comstock have levied aSM.^.
uients aggregating1 180,000,01)0, and
have pain in dividends an ���_r__ren_g_i
It were idle to discuss any claims for
circular shafts in metal mining in t_ii
country; the rectangular shaft baslotf
been proved to be cheaper, and nor.
etlicient and convenient
Whenever or wherever, in the United
States, local mining regulation, or
State mining law conflict in anv v.��v
with United States statutes, the latter
override all else. Ill mining matins
the federal law is supreme
There i* probably m ire possibility ol
economical ami satisfactory working in
the gaa. engine than in any other form
"i 'tower for the miner. 1; can product
and furnish power in regions Almost to
itcceatdblc to auy, other form of a|i|iln-l
When   a   nugget  Irs  fr I from tin-
parent roek by the di��inlo_:ratiiiga_Tii-
vies it hi*- angular form    It i- washed
down I" the glib lies and _i.olii;illv In*-
come*- subiouiiiled By some aecideiit
nf erosion the gulch placer may h**dw*
turbed and the nugget, ngniii moved
and -.till furth r reduced in -i/.c. find is
way to the tundra deposits |iy lh
shifting of the nhore line ii nvn\ ���nls*
QUeiltlv be exposed to WtfVti Nrtidll,
i round down stii! smaller, ami i*vii't
millv be borne  to sea  a- Hikoor Hoilf
Nitrate of lead is the chea'atstdbio*
lectant known that fiiltii-* it- intent. It
does not, however, prevent piitrefac-
Hon Chloride of lead is tun .li ni'"'''
effective in all direction- It is Itttdtj
by disSadvillg a small tea-|"��|nfnl "'
nitrate ol lead iu a pi.it of boilingwator,
then dtssolviu- two teasponi'iil*- of rom*
mon salt in eight quarts of wnter
When both are thorougbb ��ii--��dveii
mix the solutions When the sediment
has settled there will be two gallon*��of
clear rluid. which i-a a saturated nolution
of chloride of lend iu water A P"""*1
of nitrate of lead will make several l��'_r
rels of the liquid, and cost- aboul ro
In giant powder over f* yesrold w
glvci-rine iu it is liable to cryi-tsllj"
after that time, and the presence of*
crystal in a stick of powder make*l"
handling dangerous A wratchin*���
that crystal, a jar "f the stick, or a �������
'. a    . .1      ,|||,T   IS
blng of  one s'tick   against nnoth
likelv  to produce an  explosion,
best powder  is  that about  six ""H""'
old.    Before that time  the glycerin*!�����
liable to be soft.    There  is alsodanffn
of getting new powder too wsnn JJ
melting the glycerine    A drop w"'"|
an almost imperceptible different" .
at once explode, and its cnncin��'lnn *v.
be enough  to  explode.   Ginnt now'*
will sometimes burn without oxploj-jg
but the starting of a  single drop ol
glycerine it contains, either bv eXCll|Jj
the crystal  when it  is too old, or
melted drop when it is too new, is w
does the mischief.
Every   time   a  woman s<*,,'s ft
marked "private" she has a curipsitj ^
know what Is on the other side of THK PAYSTREAK sandon, B. C. JUNE ,<>.
An Ostrich Trust.
I Iron-listcd monopoly has again grip-
Id and infant industry. This time it
-in the Sail River valley, near Pha-nix,
jizona, where an ostrich trust has just
(en started by a single-handed   syndi-
ic named Pearson. This gr'un mon-
poti-at is going lo buy up all the
ftriches in the country and start a
antic feather foundry down on the
finna road.
Pearson wants feathers and he wants
i^s, for there 'in a handsome profit in
>th.     Every   bird, with   proper  care,
_-ood annually for $��>, and  thoseof
U birds who are built thai way can be
Ipended on lo   produce   several  dozen
.^s in the course of a year.
What bothers  Pearson   is   that when
ii ostrich    lays   an   egg   she   doesn't
klc.    She has no song  of joy, as it
fcrc.     Pearson thinks  thai cacklmg is
matter   of self-encouragement,   and
al if the hen ostrich   could   be taught
cackle over   pride in   her efforts, she
ould lay    more   e.^gs.       He   believes
.it if he could have an artificial cackle
it ihe ostrich could  learn to   imitate,
In would do a good deal better by him.
\- it is now   he   notices   and he has
Lo ostriches as living examples   thai
Ik  hen  ostrich   never   shows   any par-
Icular amount   of  satisfaction  in her
toik.    She never   goes around shriek-
pg, "How's that I    How'- thai I   Have
Sou seen it !   Have   vou   seen   it !" as a
ien would.    And   Pearson  thinks  the
i h has a  g *.>.! deal m ire cause for
inkling  than    a    plain    everyday   hen
{ver h id.    S i he's  going  to  rig up a
bur-horsepower cackler  thai   can   be
K* u J all over th.- farm, an I ever) tuns
In egg is laid it w li   let   off a series of
>to-   of   jubilation    that    will    sound
imething  like   a    cross    between   a
���ollege yell an J a calliope.
It will be a    good    idea    to   keep  Jill
Interested  eye   ot\   ibis experiment o\
A Pull Stock Of
GROCERIES,       -        CROCKERY
All New Goods -   alust Received
\ printer   does not    go   to the doctor
faV hen he is   out   of  soils.     Nor  will In
to the baker when    he   is out of pie.
Nor to hell   when   he   wants   the devil.
Soi to the bible when he wants a gOoJ
rule.    Nor to  the  gunshop  when   he
[wants shooting stick.     Nor to a cabinet
Imp when he wants furniture. Nor to
It hank when he wants quoins. Nor to
li _;irl when he wants a press. Nor lo
in 1 iwyer when he has a dirty case.   Not
n the   butcher   when   he   wants    phal.
Vor to a pump when he's dry ami has
|t vv o bits about his clothes.
John Elbert,   the   first   engineer to
[lake a locomotive west of Chicago,
Idied only about a year ago. He went
lo Chicago in 1N42, taking with him
[the first engine to leave the east. It
[waa, named the Pioneer and is now on
exhibition at the Field Columbian
Application   for Liquor License.
NOTICE Is hereby (liven that we intend
Ji" apply to the L loan ee Com mi-Mi oner* of tin*
Wily of Sandon fur permission to sell liquor
Il'v retail .in the property to le known us
���"lie Filbert Hotel, situate on Hie west side of
ll'ecii Avenue.
Wai.mhi.ky & Bknnetk,
Dated at Sandon this 18th day <*f June, HHKi
Application  for Transfer of Liquor License.
Cioil Engineer,
Architect, Etc.
P. O. BOX 170        SANDON, B. C.
A. R-, Heyland,
Engineer and
Provincial Land
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
Notary Public.
II. C.
L. L B.
Carrister, Solicitor,
Notary Public, Etc,
8. r..
Delinered on Cars at
Kaslo in Carload Lots.
Ten Dollars a Ton. Samples can be seen at J.
M. Harris' Office.
House  Furnishings
Is our Line Every Time.
We are Unloading
a Car of Fine
Common Furniture
NOTICE Is hereby given that I  intend to
apply to the License Commissioners of the
''t.v of Sandon for a transfer of the license
f eld by Carberry Hi   Bennett, at the Denver
f*(��'<'1, to the undersigned.
John Nelson,
"'���ted at Sandon this 18th dav of June, iihh>.
"Land Registry Act."
In the matter ol an application fordupli"
I cates of the Certificates <>t Title to Lot
Two   [.)   Blook  One lD (Map  009)   n>wn   of
NOTICE is hereby given that it is my in.
tei.ton at the expiration of '>"���' month from
the lirst publication hereof to issue duplicates of the Certificates of title of Hugh Mo-
Gee to the ahove lands dated 87th August
l!i<��7 and 21st July 1898 and numbered 1106c
and mis k respectively.
S, Y.  \Toottkx,
Land   Segistry Otriee  Victoria. B.C.
8th -lime. lWO-
Folliott & McMillan.
Contractors and Builders.
Dealers in Dressed and Rough Lumber.
Sash,   Doors,  Blinds, etc., Made to Order at Lowest Possible Prices.
Mine and Dimension Timber always in Stock.     Plans, Estimates am*"
^   Specifications furnished for all Classes of Building.
* RAILROAD AVE.   -   -   -   -   SANDON.    *
^ *
I********** ** ****** ** *** *
Sandon Cartage  Co.
Delivered to all parts of the
Established ihu'>.
Slocan Mines.
Mining Stocks bought and Sold. General
Agent for Slocan Properties. Promisin-*;
Prospect* For Sale. THK PAYSTREAK SANDON, B. C. JUNE >*>���
Published Every Saturday in the heart of the Richest White Metal ('iiiup on Earth.
Unless something unforseen occurs, this sumnu, ,
autumn will be a record breaker in the history oi the Sloe
mi     i    _n *uu.a ,-_iH nrnnprties are work in a   fii1l_lv,.a,i.i
locan, I
-ind I
Subscription    -    -    -    -    $2.00 a year.
Strit/tlv in advance.
William MacAdams,
SANDON, B. C., JUNK 16,  igoo.
No candidate who was suspected of being opposed to
the eight-hour law or even being in cohoots with anti-
eitrht-hour men was returned in the Kooteenay. 1 hat
settles it.
autumn -.���*������������ uv�� - ���  . a,,.oiuc
Nearly all thhe old properties are working  full-handed j
many new ones will appear on the shipping list during-0,
next' two  months.    Almost  every   property   worth ^
ing  is being  worked and many   prospects  to which l,n
*    .     .',...  ....:.i ... -i... .v,wi   ....   K..:ng devej&
���ly purch.
hants is c
>,   laborer
iiicwiiaiiiw-a   <��������*-   **     ������ i   . - -'  mtiUX IS iKjj
greater than to keep pace with   the steadily  widening
6 ... T*�� ...:   I 11      Mala   ..nl.u-nrlc.a     -..-.,      L.'.....
attention has been  paid in the past are   being develop^
Any  property with real   merit will find a ready  purchaser,
Publisher and Proprietor. at good  prices.    Business  among  the merchants is gooj
and steadily  improving.    Very  few   miners,  laborers or
mechanics  are  out  of employment and  the influx is
A peculiar formation has been encountered in Kaslo.
The youths of that sanctified community refuse to play
football on Sunday. A commission should be appointed
to ascertain whether the Kaslo boys are too tired to play
after Saturday night's seance at black jack or if the gospel
sharks have mesmerised them into idolatrous reverence
for hollow religious formalities.
Geo. T. Kane should build a snowshed a mile long to
store the ruins of his canditure in. He might also write a
hand book of information for intending candidates giving
the comparative results obtained from the distribution ol
highway orotory and application of bi-chloride of gold.
The elections of last Saturday show clearly as could be
shown that the miners and laboring men of the Kootenay
know their friends and will stand by them so lonj_r as thev
are worthy of support. No candidate who had the endors-
ation of the labor organizations was defeated. Many who
opposed the labor candidates lost their deposits.
The next B. C. Legislature promises to be worse than
the last. There is no party with a sufficient number of
members to carrv the house and the nearest thiny to a _rov-
ernment that can be looked for is an amalgamation of the
Conservatives with the Turner part)-. This virtually places
the reins of government in the hands of the old Island
crowd and a repetion of the grafting games of the old Turner regime may be looked for if tlie opposing parties do
not work together to guard the interests of the people
against such transactions as the Cassiar concessions grant
or the Crow's Nest Pass deal.
Unless there is a government formed sufficiently
strong to carry on thebusiness of the province the Kootenay
country will find itself in a bad state of repair. Public
roads and bridges throughout the country are becoming
badly damaged and unless the government comes up with
the dust in the near future they will be beyond repair altogether.
The coast politicians and subsidized press of Vancouver and Victoria who who were going to kill Joe Martin
have a pretty lively corpse on their hands right now. With
eight solid members in the house the Honorable Joseph
will make it so interesting for Turner & Co. that thev will
not have time to breathe. Were an election to be brought
off to-morrow with only Martin and the Island crowd in
the field, the Island crowd would be snowed under so badly
that a government commission could not dig them up with
a steam shovel. This is the kind of a contest that Joe
Martin will la}' pipes to bring about.
greater than to keep pace wun mc sicauii) wiaeningop,
portunities. Besides all this enterprises are being under.]
taken bv the big properties that not only discountanythiJ
previously undertaken in the Slocan, but are secondto
none in mining development in H. C. The longest cross,
cut in the province has been started on the Slocan Star and
the biggest mill in B. C. is being rushed to completion In
the Minnesota company. Before the year is out theSlocai
will be the talk of the west and the shipments will read
the expectations of the most optomistic resident in th
There seems to be some difference of opinion as ti
how the relief fund should be distributed. A few people,
are in favor of dividing the sum on hand pro rata among
those who lost by the fire. A moment's reflection shouU]
be sufficient lo convince anyone that such a scheme wooWl
be not only impracticable but absurd. In the first places]
would be impossible to ascertain what the actual losses]
were. Approximately, the total losses were in the neighborhood of 8500,000. The cash on hand is $5,142.35.I
Divided pro rata, losers would get something like ontl
cent on the dollar. When the claims of such non-residei
concerns as hanks, loan societies, insurance companies,!
railway corporations, etc., are taken into consideration
along with tlie depreciation of real estate values which M
resulted directly from the tire, the absurdit} ot sudi
proposition is apparent on the face oi it.
What the relief committee should do is to replaces
sidewalks, fire hall and flume. These are municipal pro:*
erties in which every resident is a part owner. I hey arc
community interests, and a disbursement of the fund inthej
interest of the whole community could not he better enecta
than by expending it on such works.
Bv an overwhelming majority Robert 1\ Green ha
been chosen by the electors of the Slocan. His electa
was an expression by the electors oi appreciation ot his wort
in the past and confidence in his ability to render then
faithful service in the future. His victory was complete
His total vote was greater than that oi both opposing candidates combined. The Paystreak tenders the successft
candidate congratulations on the great victory. ^s ,orI.1
unsuccessful candidates well thev were on the .vrongtrail
hut they have our sympathy.
It seems that the people oi British Columbia, in th*
anxiety to dethrone Joe Martin, have crowned Dunsm*
King of British Columbia. This looks like a case of*
devil and the deen sea.
Ex-Governor Mackintosh, the star oi the monopoly
and the champion of the grafters, has been turned dow
Charlie is a diplomat at a political banquet but the W*
land people don't want white shirted hoboes in parliame^
How many candidates who were before the people ��s
Saturday could recite their campaign pledges today.'
���andon Bottling Co.
Mainifartiin-r   nf
( arbonated   Drinks
i>l     ull     kilnt-
ody Ave.
leaned. Dyed, Pressed and
Just    Below  the   Fire-Swept
A Large Stock of Cloths will   v
Be Received in a
Few Days.
Leave Your Order Early and
Avoid the Rush.
las re-opened the Barber
Shop in the big tent
next to Byers.
Special Attention Given to Fine Work,
The Denver. THE WM* HAMILTON manufacturing co.,
Cody Ave. Sandon
Comfortable Rooms
Good Dining Room Service
Reasonable Rates
A Quiet, Orderly, Homelike Hotel!
- ~: CANADA:���
(Scientific American.)
The zinc industry has been brought
promimently before tbe public by the
promotion of many companies to operate the rich mines of the Joplin district
of Missouri and Arkansas, a profitable
state of affairs having resulted from the
ore producers combining and dictating
prices to tbe smelters. It happens that
tbe Joplin mines produce over 60 per
cent of tbe world's output of zinc ores
which can be reduced economically by
present methods. From tbe standpoint
of scientific smelting, zinc occupies a
most unsatisfactory position. The reduction of its ore is accomplished by
processes "just as clumsy as they were
when Paracelsus described them more
than three hundred years ago." Arthur
Winslow states in an article upon tin-
lead and zinc industry in Missouri, that
in making zinc upon a large scale about
j5 to 30 per cent of the metal is lost,
nnd that it takes three tons of ore
averaging 45 to 50 per cent of zinc, six
tons of coal and 700 pounds of refractory materials to yield one ton of zinc.
The present methods require rich ores
which are first roasted to transform
their zinc compounds into oxide. The
calcined ore is mixed with coal and
loaded in small charges into clay retorts which are placed, many at a time,
in a special furnace. Upon heating,
the zinc is produced and volatilized,
the vapors being led to condensing
apparatus by suitable connections with
the retorts, This laboratery method
has to be employed because the temperature of reduction of zinc oxide and
ihe boiling point of zinc at atmospheric
pressure difler by but a few degrees.
Many endeavors to produce zinc, like
iron, lead, and copper, in a blasting
furnace have failed, the nu-lul being
vaporized and lost with tbe gases as
zinc dust, a mixture of zinc oxide and
finely divided zinc.
There exists throughout ihe West
unlimited deposits of sulpherated zinc-
lead ores, carrying generally a small
amount of silver. They are cheap but
refractory. An easily available ore of
ibis nature contains 20 per cent lead,
yo per cent zinc, and 40 ounces of silver
per ton. At tbe present day these ores
are utilized by the lead smelters. In
the ordinary way of lead smelting rich
ores are required. These being rare
and the competition keen, the smelter
has to purchase them at prices not only
leaving no profit, but mostly entailing
actual   loss.      To  counterbalance   this
facts involved have been established by
careful experiments made in the laboratory of the Royal Polytechnic School oi
Berlin bv Dr. Lungwitz and Dr. R. C.
Schuppliaus. The process is based
upon tbe fact that the boiling point of a
liquid is at-Hncreasing function   of the
Dr. Karl Barus has determined the
most reliable figures with regard to
zinc, and states that in the neighborhood of atmospheric pressure, tbe temperature increment of the boiling point
of zinc amounts to i.5��C. for each additional centimeter of mercury pressure.
Briefly, Dr. Lungwitz proposes to smelt
zinc ores in a blast furnace under pressure sufficient to keep the zinc liquid at
the temperature of the furnace and to
withdraw it in such a manuer that it
will have a temperature below its boiling point under atmospheric pressure
when it reaches the receiving vessels.
The objection occurs at once that bulky
constructions like blast furnaces do not
lend themselves to designs involving
high internal pressures. Dr. Lungwitz however, is convinced .hat a
pressure of three atmospheres is amply
sufficient. The facts to support this
are : The temperature of reduction of
zinc oxide by carbon is qio C, and the
boiling point of zinc under one atmosphere is Qjo"C Dr. Barus estimates
tbe boiling point ot" zinc under five
atmospheres pressure to be 1,500'C, a
temperature known to be entirely out of
the question for the melting of cither
lead or zinc ores or a mixture of both.
The temperature of slag formed in a
lead stack was found by Malvern lies to
be 1,034'C. The melting point of
diabase is not higher than 1,170 c*.,
according to Dr. Barus. and no blast
furnace could ever be run on a slag of
similar composition. In the experiments of Dr. Lungwitz and Dr. Schap-
phaus, a crucible supported and surrounded by fireclay bricks was placed
in a strong cast-iron vessel provided
with a bolted cover. The high temperatures needed were .obtained by heating
to incandescence a platinum wire strung
down through perforated rims on the
inside of the fireclay cvlinder into which
the crucible fitted. Temperature
measurements were made with a Le
Chatelier thermo-couple carried in a
porcelain tube dipping down into the
top of the cruicable. Pressures were
obtained by forcing air in by a small
compressor. A gauge and safety valve
were also attached. There were obtained in this apparatus ingots of zinc at the
bottom of the cruicabl when a mixture
.     .     ....       , 51 of pure  zinc   oxide   and   carbon   was
loss there   is   included   111   the   furnace   heated under a   gague   pressure of 45
charges as much of the cheap, refractory ore as can be safely handled. Yet,
in the present method of smelting, not
only is the whole of the zinc lost, but
its very presence causes great losses of
lead, silver and gold, partly due to the
formation of flue dust and partly by tbe
production of viscous slag rich in zinc.
In purchasing these ores tbe smelter
does not pay for tbe zinc and deducts,
moreover, 50 cents per ton from the
price established by tbe amount of lead
and precious metals for each per cent of
zinc above 10. As the zinc passing
into slag renders them very viscous,
the smelter can only add as much as is
combatible with economy. It is not
good practise to have more than 7 per
cent of zinc in the slag. On this basis
the amount of zinc lOst in slag in the
L'nited States amounts to more than its
total annual production.
Dr. Emil E. Lungwitz a mining
engineer of considerable experience,
has invented a process for the smelting
of these refractory ores and the recovery
of practically all tbe contained metals.
It merits attention because it rests upon
pounds per square inch to 1,150 C., a
temperature some 200 C. above the
ordinary boiling point of zinc.
Conditions are not yet favorable to
smelting the sulpherated zinc-lead ores.
Taking the temperature of lead furnace
at i,05b��C, the tension of zinc \apor
for that temperature is under two atmospheres, as given by the figures of
Dr. Barus. In addition, lead and zinc
alloy with avidity at red heat and the
osmotic pressure exerted under these
conditions will aid to prevent the ebullition of the zinc. The separation of
these metals is most easily effected by
cooling, for at temperatures in the
neighborhood of the melting point of
zinc (415^.), lead combines with but a
few tenths of one per cent of zinc, no
matter how carefuHy the mixture is
stirred. These facts show the feasibility of Dr. Lungwitz's process and
prove that the conditions of operation,
will lie entirely -within practical bounds.
There have been experiences in smelting work which show that the accidental
establishment of these conditions has!
led   to   tbe   delivery   of  zinc in small
been made use of. The Rammelsberg
smelters, in the Hartz mountains sold,
forty yean ago, zinc that had been
tapped'from lead blast furnaces, the
quantity obtained at each tapping varying from 0.5 to s pounds. I hen an
improvement called tbe zinc shell was
introduced to condense the zinc vapors,
and what was obtained was found very
rich in lead and was produced under
the conditions of a reducing atmosphere
at a low temperature as compared with
modem practise, and under a slight
excess of pressure. The New Jersey
Zinc and Iron Company utilize a zinciferous iron ore by tir-l vaporising and
oxidizing the zinc and then smelting
the residues from iron. These residues
contain at least * per cent /inc. and it
frequently happens that when the
furnace cools off considerably and llie
pressure of the bla-t rises, establishing
conditions favorable to the formation of
liquid zinc, quantities of from 41a) to
500 pounds ol" metallic zinc have been
tapped together with the iron. These
and similar observations were investigated carefully by Dr. Lungwitz, and
he concludes : 'From these actually
observed cases of condesation ol zinc in
blast furnaces, undei wridel) differing
conditions, vve may conclude that the
forces favorable to the liquefaction ot
the zinc are pressure in the furnace and
chemical aflinity."
Dr. Lungwitz has proved hi> case
up to ihe point ofactu.il trial in a large
furnace. This will be done before the
year is out. It is expected that no
flue-dust   will    be    formed   during   the
trial by   reason   of  tlu- high-pressure
blast which will be employed.
An interesting chemical point in
connection with the experiments of
Dr. Lungwitz and Dr. Schuppliaus in
their laboratory furnace was the formation on different invasions of a powder
of canary-yellow hue which contained
by chemical analysis more zinc than
belongs to ZnO. Pursuing the idea
that this yellow compound might be a'
low oxide of zinc, they made the following experiments, each yielding a
body permanently yellow. Zinc oxide
was heated in an atmosphere of pure
nitrogen ; zinc oxide was heated in
vacuo; zinc oxide mixed with zinc
dust was heated under pressure. The
investigators concluded : "These experiments render it highly probable
that zinc oxide on heating loses part of
oxygen and that the new compound is
stable if it is cooled in the absence of
oxygen. The matter is being thorolv
investigated by Prof. v. Knorre, of the
Berlin Polytechnic School.
Certificate of Improvements.
Sitnatein the Sioean Mini)�� Division of \V-��st
Kootenay District.    \\ i,pr��'  located: On
the Booth Fork of Carpenter Creek,
Take Notioe that I   H.B.Alexander   Free
Miners Certiflcate No BM8i4.for myself and
h.s ivK.-nt for \V. P Dickson, F M. I.   No nil'.a'
inn-mi sixty days from date hereof, to apply to
the Mining EUteonkrfor aCertifloftte ,,f [_-_.
provements. for tl���   pnrpose ..1  obtaining a
Crown ('runt of the above claim,
And farther take notice that apjtion under
Section 87, most   be commenced  before  th-.,
issaanpe of rooh Certiflcate of Improvements,)
Dated this thirtieth day of March iflto.
a sound scientific foundation,   and   tbe  quantities when   zinciferous  ores  have
(Western Federation pf Miners.]
Miners' Union Meets
In Crawford's Hall
This Evening.
Pj-4-i, Geo, Smith.
Vice-lTen. R. F. McLKAK. '
Pin Sec, W.L. Haui.kb.
Mt-a-t-a inCnswfor-l'HHn'l ��� w\ Wh,^,
Ivtwiag,    Visiting III-**hem coniialh imp!..
to attend,
ii   M   SI'KN'KU.  (���  C
Sabrsorftwrs,   dm   -nr   1 nil
Private Patients ��� 1'��' per day,-*,
elusive of oxpeoM of piivairUii m
surgeon mul iimx.
I'K.   \V.   K.  QONM, Attendant Pt-rtk-ia
Mltwfl M. Cmwmoui, Matron
l.l�� Mi I.ai uHi.iv President
W   I.  H\*.im. Sv.rttiir*.
Wm. DuMAMtnt, J   v Mabtik R i lirltu
Am.1 h.I   Mi DOM ALU, Miki   BBAI'Y, lira- r..:
Meeting*over] Fri-im Evening ��.t ?*ji
CtawionTa   Hull \i-ititik-   l>r��thr��n 1
rnnliallv liivtt��M| t<> attend
KF.V  A M BAJ-aFORl'  . > e-rtn-nd
S����--rftorv Noble (irmi'l
A. F. & A. M.
ReajnlnrConunanioation held ttr��i w
���l��\ In each month in Masoni Hall it"
-Mijonnniiit: l>rri lii-rn afi eordiallj lavlM
Tu<>m u* Baoa v
Hp*'re tin��
Service for the year 19*
will be commenced ���'���*���
10th. The "Imperial I**
ted" take* yon aero"* ���*
Continent in four dayi*1**'
Oift   enniiM-fa    "   '* "
ventinnled train, loxuriowj
equipped with every P��g8,bJ
chnciiHiiI forth*' comfort*
convenience   of   Pon^
AmIc  your friends   who "���������
travelled on It. m addrettf
E..J.Coyle,        W. F. A*"*
A�� VJI�� *        ��� aiA.f ft       f
Vancouver, B. C.     Nelson.��' THE PAYSTREAK, SANDON, IV C, JUNK in,
Freed irom the daily struggle, freed from the
cares of earth.
Far from the noise-rent city, |teeming wlte pain
and mirth,
Freed from the bonds of labor, hidden  from
sham and fraud.
Hearing the irngi of wild birds, living close up
to ('od!
i> what a -at-use of freed>m, O what release from
i) what it Iii i vi-uly calmness Wttthlng the care
worn brain,
Out where the trout are leaping, out where the
wild deer play,
l'|i in the grand old mountain-- dreaming the
hours away.
Lie in the breast of nature, held in her mighty
Drinking her wondrous beauties, reveling in her
Feeling the mountain breezes, soft as a fathery
Fresh from the lips of Nature, thrilling the soul
with bliss!
Flowers of   tender beauty gazing with   timid
Into the pine tree's shadow, where the intruder
Never Is heaven nearer than here on a sun-lit
I n in the grand old mountains dreaming tbe
hours away.
Da-diea the crystal brooklet down through Its
narrow bed,
Eager to meet iii batt'e the hnuldi r giant ahead.
Fearlessly Sin Ite J llie monsters,  pounds at their
breasts all bare.
Flinging its misty banners high in the balmy
Down through the gorge Itdanoea, babbling a
gay refrain
Till hid iu the breast of the river that Hows thru
the spreading plain.
Leaving behind   the lagard,   nor cares If   he
chooses to stay
Mil in the breast of the inoiiiitiilns dreaming the
hours ii way
This Is the dream of lei ,ure. this Is the cream of
Far  from  all  care  and  (rouble,   hid   in   old
Nature'* breast,
��' noting the red health roses back to the toil-
pnied fane,
Fts'dlnti the hrnlu prostrate I and wrecked In tbe
���realth-m id race.
This the Elysian havon t> which wc with gladness rt ���������
When worn and soro fr un the beating of tbe billows "f al>"r's ��e.i,
T i��tinL* Ihe sweets of idling, drinking the breath
of May.
Up in  tin- grand old  mountains dreaming the
hours away.
.lames Burton Adams, in Denver Post.
A llrl��-f K\ plana! Inn of Some Free Coiii-
I4g<-   Facta.
Much is heard from tho gold standard
supporters at lutoi vain ahout tlu* absurdity of thinking of opening the mints
of the l'nited States, or the. world.to the
free and unlimited coinage of gold and
silver at the legal ratio of Ifi to 1, when
the commercial or bullion ratio is ahout
82 to 1. Thev contend that it could
never he done, as all other nations
would throw their silver into the double
standard mint and glut the world with
silver dollars. The absurdity of thia
contention is seen on its face Tin-
world could never have too much
metallic money. It would be interesting to know the color of the man's hair
who would refuse to take more of the
"root of evil '*
Again, other nations could not do
this. The money that is in circulation,
the world over, is coined at ratios of 151
to I, 1(> to 1 and 17 to 1. Nothing could
be gained hy having it recoined at the
16 to 1 ratio
The present commodity value of D'>
ounces of silver bullion is only ahout
one half ns much as the present commodity value of one ounce of gold bullion, but hi ounces of silver coin in tin*
United States are worth precisely as
much as I ounce of gold coin. In Canada and Europe 1��> ounces of silver coin
are worth (IO cents more than 1 ounce
of (fold coin and in Asia  they are worth
���1.20 more than 1 ounce of gold coin
I nil variation in va-ue is because in
the U nited States the coinage ratio is
10 to l, and at that ratio an ounce of
silver wiil coin ���1.29- In Europe and
Canada the coinage ratio is 15* to 1,
and at that ratio an ounce of silver will
coin $1.9H, and in Asia the coinage
ratio is 1.5 to I, and at that ration an
ounce of silver will coin $1 H7, and in
all of these countries silver coin is lawful money and a legal tender at the
face value of the coin.
Value depends upon the law of supply and demand. Value is a relative
term and of course cannot be legislated
into a thing nor out of a thing, but leg-
illatlou can create a demand for a thing
and that demand will enhance its value
or ratio of exchange; and if the legislative demand is for the total available
supply, and if the legislative demand
fixes a price at which the total available
supply will be received, it would be
impossible for the value of the thing so
fixed to fall below the legislative limit.
Iu iaS7, the United States provided bv
legislative enactment that 28.22 grains
of gold might bo coined into a dollar,
that the coinage of gold should be free
and unlimited and" that gold when
coined should be lawful money and a
leyal tender. An ounce of gold bullion
coined into money at the rate of 28.22
grains to the dollar will make 120.67'
This legislation created a demand for
the total available supply of gold bullion at ?20.��>7 per ounce, and so lonji as
these laws remain in force, it is impoa-
si de for gold bullion to fall iu value
below 120.67 per ounce, became the
demand is for the total available supply
at that price. Prior to 1878, silver
bullion had the same protection under
the law, its coinage value being 81 29
per ounce, and so long as the law "remained in force, it was impossible for
silver bullion to fall below its legislative
limit. <hi account nf the European and
Asiatic ratios being less than our ratio,
silver bullion usually commanded a
small premium in this country. In
ls78, however, silver was demonetized,
since which time the metals have parted
company The commercial ratio,winch
before that time had never been hut
slightly above 16 to I, is now uearlv l->*2
If silver had free and unlimited coin
age in the l'nited States ai the ratio nl
IH to I, silver bullion in this country
would he worth $1 29 per ounce No
one disputes this prop >sitinn : it is self-
evident. What would it be worth in
London. I'aris or Berlin? If the cionage
were free ami unlimited
States, And there was
Kurope or Asia for this
limi, it would he worth
in the United States less tin
transportation to the l'nited States.
There can be no question about it In
order, however, tn have this effect, tin-
coinage must he unlimited ; the demand
must he for the tot."I availahlesupply.
in the United
no demand in
European bill-
the mint price
cost of
Notwithstanding the substantial and
very marked increase in the output of
home manfactures of mining, milling
and smelting machinery, the remarl.
able growth of the mineral industries
of the country is very well exemplified
in the steadily increasing trade our
mines are building up with other enun
tries. During1 the fiscal year onded
80th June, 1899, our mines imported,
free of dutv, machinery of a value of
���)299,800, as against $207,787 Imported
in 1898, and $128,780 brought in 1807.
Of the free entries the United States
provided ���288,481; Great Britain, 118,-
808; nnd Germany, 81100. Ontario took
$lt'2,-'lt>; Quebec. 8l2t>,<V2l ; Nova Scotia,
$24,248; New Brunswick, ���212,000; Manitoba, $1,080; British Columbia, ���88,911;
North-West Territories, $10,921,; and
the Yukon, $5,591. These figures, however, give but an approximate idea of
importance of our mining industry to
the trade of the country, for we find ill
the Trade and Navigation returns
numerous entries of machinery and
supplies which are not classified in tin-
tariff items relating to mining. Here
are a few culled at random  from the
statistics published by the Customs Department, for the year ended 80th June
last:���Diamond drills (not including
motive power which is dutiable) $9,692 ;
��tamp mills, $88,780; copper plates,
$148,584; chrome ateel shoes and dies
'from United States), $16,741; wire rope,
$416,158-* explosives (giant powder,
nitro, etc.), 1448,829; blasting powder,
*1HH,729; cyanide, $15,728. As in former
years the bulk of this trade has been
done with tho United States, but there
is no reason whatever, particularly now
that the preferential tariff has been
materially increased in their favor, that
our British manufacturers, with a little
more push and enterprise, should not
get a larger share of this business ���
Canadian Mining Review.
Its adherents triumphantly point to
the fact that frequently there is a small
vote on constitutional amendments
which are submitted to tbe people by
their so-called superior body, tbe legislature, and they sav the people will not
vote on measures. This is true at times,
hut the corresponding fact is invariably
overlooked, that often these things are
not worth voting on. They are either
trivial matters or else they are so am
higuously���not to say dexterously-
worded that they have Hither no vitality
in them or that vitality is extremely
liable to be taken out by decisions of
the courts. In fact judges and attorneys regularly complain that they cannot tell what these things mean, and
honored judges have been known to
completely change their minds within
two weeks' time on their meaning. Is
it any wonder then that ofttimes the.
people should not think these things
worth voting on? The fact that so
many do go to the polls and vote on
utterly unimportant matteis is surprising.
Now, if these things came from below
up, if the people could really start an
issue from themselves, as they can in
Switzerland, hy the initiative, then we
would have the real, vital questions
coming up foi decision, and then we
would find the people really voting on
What happens when measures are
disentangled from men and the people
have a chance to vote directly on them?
Those who are interested in the measure, vote on it. Those who are ignorant
of it, or who are not interested in it, do
not vote. Hence there is an automatic
disenfranchisement of the ignorant and
uninterested by themselves. You are
much more likely to get a proper de
cision when the posted and interested
vote As long as no class are shut out
from voting, this disenfranchisement by
themselves is not injurious
Under direct legislation, if there is a
small wite, it will simply show that
either the matter is of small importance
or else that opinion is all one way, so
that many do not think it worth while
voting because they are sure. This is
what actually happens in Switzerland,
where, they have had direct legislation
for years "One of its expresidents has
said that whenever the people are vitally interested in a matter they come
out and vote, and that though some
things which he wanted carried were
defeated by the people, he found, when
he got some years off, so as to get a
proper perspective, and see these tilings
in their true light, that the people were
always right, even when thuy defeated
the things he wanted carried. Thus in
February, 1898, over so per cent of the
voters voted on the question of the nationalization of the railroads of Switzerland, and there was no ballot-box stuffing to vitiate the figures, as here I
doubt if so high a percentage has ever
been honestly cast in any large election
in our country.
Let us take advice from our legislators, but not government. We have
done away with the middle-man in religion, in "business, in most every concern of life, let us do away with him in
politics by having the power to pass our
own laws whenever we see fit. In this
wav we can abolish political peptinoids
and take only such food as we need.���
Eltweed Pomerov.
All! Tender eyes, that shame the welkin blue,���
So pure, so deep, why hide ye Heaven from me ?
Sweet trembling lips, that match the cherry's hue.
lal|K\ luscious, warm, wli.v stint me of love's fee?
Dear orbs, why haunt me with reproachful gaze,
Loved lips, why chide me, bidding Hope expire?
More vain the task to quench the ardent blaze
Of noon-tide sun than cool love's pulsing tlret
<��maiden-heart of gold, soul virgin-white.
< > spirit steadfast, like tbe needle, true
To fancied duty.���judge, bath Love no might?
Can Reason hind him? Stem Ucsolveeschew?
Nay! Saucy Love laughs Sotier Sense to scorn.
Mind to bead-sprung Minerva's frigid charm-1,
Sprung from the heart, he reigns where, he was
And rinds his heaven in hit true love'* arms.
Xay!  Stay those glances, Sweet,���and bid that
Bide mute, while winged Cupid pleads my cause,
learned In sui-h love he'll prove the North were
E'er I condemned shall be by truelove's laws .*
That 1 do love thee I do not deny,���
It is most trvie, I but deny the blame;
Saint Bernard, gazing on that matchless eye,
Despite his vows had surely done the same:
Am I to answer for that bounteous dower
That crowns thee Beauty's Queen? Thy charms?
Thy grace?
Am l in fault because mine eyes hail power
To see tbe treasures others failed to trace?
Who blames the miner rinding purest gold
If he orget the sliver once his prize ?
If I have i_aliied iu judgement, waxing old,
Must I Ix- cbltl for chancing to grow wise ?
Yea! Love is blind, and blinded folk may tread
Safe, gl 'dy heights, where Sight were certain
So nothing is Love daunted when the Head
S-.-ea.ks by the Tongue,���'tis so much Idle breath:
A touch, a sigh, a tremour of the voice
Are truelove's words, loud speaking to the soul,
Though lips may chide, these bid the heart rejoice���
Love linked by Faith to Love ne'er missed the
Too hard a strain the stoutest cable parts,
The   nth of wis om lies not in extremes,
For men are men, maids maids, and hearts are
When waked   hy Love from  Custom's social
So Love enslaved to-day, to Custom's car
Fast-chained, perforce,   may  social   pageants
Till, crushed and sullen. Lust his visage mar.
And Hell with him breaks loose to sli y the race.
-Toronto, May !!��"��. F. L. II. S.
It is a right reflection that if a man is
full of the present moment to glorify it,
he is -vith eternity and infinity; for he
has all there is.���Blake.
The order and energy of the universe
I hold to be inherent, and not imposed
from without; the expression of fixed
laws, and not of arbitrary will exercised
by what Carlyle would call an almighty
clock-maker.���John Tyndall.
Every man must decide for himself
what the simple and universal truth is,
since all experience proves that there is
no other method of settling the question,
nnd 1 believe it to be this: Conscience
is the prophet; that it is better to do
right than wrong, in every material
sense,  is the fulfilment.��� E. W. Howe.
The laws framed to protect religion
were based on a superstitious belief
that an offender of the gods might bring
down their wrath on the whole com
niunity; those laws survive in all laws
for the punishment of individual immorality, and in the related laws against
immoral literature. The pious laws
did not benefit the gods, but did retard
religious progress by punishing new
ideas as blasphemy; that the moral
statutes equally retard ethical progress
appears to me equally certain.*���Mon-
cure I). Conway.
A proper young person of Glynn
Came to church, but revised to go in.
"If I once stepped inside
I should feel like a bride,
And the hymn-books are so masculine!'1
���Scribner's. THK PAYSTREAK SANDON, B. C. JUNE 16.
Dacid's Vietos on the Relief! Fund.
Sandon, B. C. June 15th, 1900.
Editor of The Paystreuk.
Why is the relief money wit held from
those whom il was intended for? is a
question which is bein-_j- very much
commented upon in Sandon as well as
outside towns. It is supposed that there
was relief funds to the extent of $8,000
or $9,000 suhscribed for those who lost
all by the lire. It is live weeks since
the lire yet this money has not been
given to those whom it legally and
rightfully, belongs. It is stated that
some parties want the fund used to
improve streets and other municipal
works. Such a scheme shows the
party or parlies who suggested it as
rather wooden in the  head.
Corporations have no more right to
retain money lor city improvement
which was sent to the losers by lire
than any one business man would have
lo retain the whole sum, and it is a disgrace to this town that the money is
withheld from those who are rightlv
entitled to it. Besides, the only possible way to teach a corporation economy i-> lo show them that in times of
plenty it is wise not to expend all their
receipts uselessly but lo look torward
and he prepared for such conditions as
the one they now find themselves in
without funds, and il is folly to expect
the public to suffer lor lack of foresight.
We insist upon an immediate statement of all money received for relief
and also whal has been done with part
already disposed of and the balance
divided among those whom it was
intended for.
A. David.
Dunstnuir for Premier.
Victoria, B.C.'. June 14 This evening Premier Martin tendered his resignation to the Governor and recommended as his succeseor James Duns-
muir, M. P. for South Nanaimo. Mr.
Dunsmuir accepted the task of forming
a Government and will be sworn in
Hot�� We Do It.
(Prof. Geo. I). Herro.i.)
The present situation mav be compared to that of a man who has fallen
under a heavy dray laden with merchandise. You can call the dray "civilization" and the bales of merchandise
"commercialism." Soon there comes
along a set of men who see that there
is a man .under the dray, who, if he be
not dead, probably wanis to get out,
Tiiey gather around and talk about (lie
man and about how to get him out and
whether he ought to be let out. They
decide that il might be a bad thing to
let him out all at once. He would not
be used to it, and he had better get
used to it by getting a foot out first.
So they talk about him, and they get a
job talking about him. You call these
men legislators. Then there is another
class oT men, who do not pay much
attention to the man, but they examine
the bales and the dray, and they m ike
tables of figures. They call these men
scientists and they get a job talking
about the man. Then another class of
men say that the man would not be
under the drav if his heart were not
bad. And these men are called ministers, and they get a job talking
about the man. So they have all got
jobs, and the man is left under the
St. Andrews I'reHhvterian Church, J. A, Fer-
afiiHon. B. A.. Ptiwtor. Suritlii.v services in
Crawford's Halt at 11 a. m. and7:8)p. m,
A good 5 room house and furniture.
House 14 x 22. Two Storys and Basement. Well furnished. Will sell at a
bargain.    Enquire of
W. W.  Warner.
One 2V2 H. P. Gasoline Engine,
complete, made by the Fairhnnks-
Morris Co.
One No. 2 Buffalo Blower.
One No. .> Buffalo Blower,
One Pel ton Water Wheel, 600 feet
of 5-inch Air Pipe, 500 feet 4-inch Air
Pipe, and a lol of other mining tools,
hammers, etc., etc. All nearly new
and in good condition. Enquire ol
VV. W. Warner,
Sandon, B. C.
Alarm Clocks
Must get up Alarms
If you are not Dead
���������^.You Must Get Up.
1 I ave a few Castors left, Suitable for
Hotel   Oiiiing Room.
These  Will  be Sold at a Bargain.
Jeweler and Optician
The New Clifton
Wiil be open on or about June 15th, It
���a*iiL ba a Mo.'ern and Commodious note
n evciy Particular. All the old P;.trons
ire Invited to extend to the new House a
Share of their Patronage and to remember
iheir eld friend The proprietor,
John Buckley.
We have placed a stock of
Millinery in the Lane resi'
dence on Cody Ave. where
we will carry on business un'
til a more suitable location
can be secured.
Will Receive Our
Careful Attention.
Misses A & M. flcKinnon
We   Have   Re-Opened   in   Our   New
Store on Railway Avenue.
A Full New,   Selected   Stock
of Groceries, Canned
Goods, Fresh
and Green Groceries
Received at  the   New Stand.
We are   Ready   to   Fill   any    Order in
The Bakery Line.
Furnished  Rooms   to Rent  Up Stairs.
Importer  and  Dealer In
Fine Groceries
Suitable for
Families, Hotels aric) "v_:!1e5
H. BYERS & Co.
Mine and
We Carry a Well=5elected Stock of
Shelf Hardware.
Sandon, Rossland, Nelson, Trail, Greenwood!
\Y.  J.   Armstrong <N: Co.
We are Doing Business in
a Tent Located on Reco
Avenue. Leave an Order
Early as all Orders Will
be filled in their turn.
First Come   First  Served.
Tl 1E   FILBERT   CIGAR tkikmaxs views fobs
STORK.   ^
It. H. Truemiu. # Cos.
In a Small Shack  Bul   Ready *��' J T   "    :n*    or mtrnM.
To doa Large Bu_inew.  5       Kg ��.�� N���mio��� P��c for
atch our smoke.%;::^c:h' Re


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