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The Paystreak Jan 6, 1900

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John Docksteader is attending the
Mlair Business College in Spokane.
F. J. Hill, of Kaslo, is keeping the
books for II. Myers & Co.'s establishment.
B. K. Rankin, who has been in the
Lardeau for several months,returned
to Sandon this week.
Thos. 8, Avison and Mrs. Annie M.
Kennedy, of New Denver, were married in Nelson on Wednesday.
Andy Tanks, a well known old
tinier of New Denver, was married
in ingersoll, (Int., a few days ago.
Frank Kelly went to Silverton on
Wednesday, where he will put in 30
days with the Wakefield company
on their new tram.
L G. Lane has finished his contract on the South Fork and Twelve
Mile, and has sent 30 head ot his
stock out for the winter.
A. B. Docksteader is spending a
week in Vancouver, Robert Lan-
gille is acting as storekeeper and
postmaster in his absence.
Jack Magner and Arthur Can ley,
who spent the summer on tin; Ruth
mill and flume construction, have
gone to Spokane for the winter.
George W. Hughes has returned
from his trip to Montreal. Iu Nelson
recently lie stated that the Idaho
Mines would not ship this winter.
D. C. McKae will be an applicant
for the office of chief of police. The
matter will probably Ik- left to the
new council to decide. There are
several applicants spoken of.
The Association Will Mot Entertain
the Offers of Union.
The negotiations which a few days
ago it was hoped would result in a settlement of the labor difficulty, have
been brought to a close by the reply
of the Association com in it lee to the
proposals made by the Union. It
will lie remembered that the Assoc!
a tion made a proposition to pay $3 25
to hand drillers. Tins was at the
time of Mr. Clute's visit, and the In
ion was asked to make reply before
the 27th ult. In reply the Union
made a counter proposition, of which
the following is an exact cop\: ���
Shiift Men,      .1 .Vl to $4 <K>
Mttcliine Men 8.110
Hammers Men in Drift* & liaises    B.ftJ
Hammer* Men in St opes    il.rft
ia mi en     ;!.<*>
Laborer*, Innide and Outside, |,oo
Timliermeu  B.flO to  4.00
lllacksmith.-.  jMJOto  4.00
Engineer*    |.M to 4.od
Recognition of the Union l>.v Mine Owners.
N<> discrimination to be made between
Union and Non-Union Men.
Delegates from the Union to have the priv.
ilegeof visiting the vaiious mine:, once a
The .-.eale of wages not to he changed hy
either party without thirty day*' notice.
To this the Association committee
returned the following to the Miners'
Union, under date of December 29: ���
Gentlemen,���Our communication of December 23rd was made hy the Silver Lead Mines
Association for the purpose of effecting a fier.
manent settlement of the differences between
us, and wa* final on our part, as we consider
that we met you more than half way
Iu your counter proposition of the .'7th inst
you do not agree to the compromise wage
scale presented by us.and decline to sign even
your own scale for a longer period than thirty
days without notice, instead of one year as we
proposed. A thirty-day scale will not Inspire
confidence in the iwrmanency of the settle,
mentaswe or the public desire; but, on the
other hand, will lead to the belief that an
early recurrence of the existing differences is
contemplated. The matter thus stands as it
did before any attempt   was  made  lor acorn-
K A. Wood,
C. H. Hand.
Special Committee
It will be seen by referring to
the scale that the Union asks ��3.50
on development. Otherwise the scale
is to all intents and purposes the same
:is that submitted to the Union a few
weeks ago. There is no suggestion
of the oft-repeated "arrogance" of tbe
Union in insisting on the employment
Of only Union men. On the other
hand they ask that no discrimination
be made. The objection of tin; Association to the thirty day arrangement
is a mere piece of trumpery, and can
be regarded as nothing else.
The plain fact of the matter is that
the Association is not seeking a settlement. To use their own words, "the
matter stands as it did before anv attempt was made for a compromise,''
and they show no disposition to alter
the circumstances. This thing is
getting serious If a handful of
mine owners can paralyse the district and ruin the merchants aud
business men of the camp, merely to
create political capital, it is about,
time to enquire by what right they
hold the power.
New Denver is petitioning for fire
protection by the provincial government. .Judging from the suite of political feeling in that hamlet just now
some sort of protection is badly
The Queen BiisS has shipped IK)
tons ot ore in the last few days.
There are 500 tons of ore on tht dump
ready for shipment. Three shifts are
working with the Burleigh in the
lower tunnel, and about thirty men
in the mine.
The Florida shipped another carload of ore this week.
The Payne has three cars of ore
ready for shipment,.
Pat Mclnnes paid Sandon a flying
visit yesterday on his way from
Lardeau to Erie camp.
F. Ransome went to Gem. Idaho,
on Thursday.
The American Boy shipped twenty
tons of ore this week.
Bob Cunning returned yesterday
from California.
The death of Maurice Butterman
has resulted in a requisition being
sent to the government to have W.H.
Lilly appointed coroner for the Slo
can, he being willing to accept the
The Year's Affairs Reoieiced in an
Address by Mayor Pitts-The
City's Finances���Other Mutters
of Importance Brought Before
the Citizens.
At the meeting called by the Ma-
yor for Wednesday evening last, the
attendance was not large but was
fairly representative. After calling
the meeting to order, Mayor Pitts de
livered the following concise and appropriate suniiuar.x of the year's affair's: ���
Gentlemen : All ot you present
are no doubt nware that the object
of this meeting is, generally speaking, to discuss matters of public interest both as regards the past actions
of the municipal council and the fut
ure policy of the same during the
year 1900.
The meeting hits also been called
for the purpose ot giving the ratepayers an opportunity to ask any
questions which may have arisen in
their minds as to the reason  for anv
Earticular course of action pursued
y the present council and any and
all such questions will be carefully
considered and replied to later on in
the evening, either by members of
the council or officers of the city as
the case may require.
I would, however, direct your attention to one or two matters before
taking mv seat regarding the financial condition ot the corporation.
The receipts tor the year 1895)
amounted to tf2l>,850.43, and the ex
penditures $2t>3J3.84, leaving a cash
balance iu hand of t'546.59. A detailed statement of these receipts and
expenditures will be presented to the
meeting later on.
Owing to the great depression
which has existed in Sandon for the
past six months, the tax collections
have been exceedingly light. The
total assessed taxes for 189i) was
$4,752.0(5, and collections $1518.7b,
leaving a balance of arrears for 18ill)
of $3233.41 ; this amount along with
the arrears for 18*J8 make a total of
$4108of over due taxes, which, allowing for remissions and accrued interest, at a conservative estimate
leaves a balance of 83908.50, which
amount is, or at least ought to be,
considered as an asset at its face
The outstanding liabilities on current expenditure amount to $2457,
comprised as follows: Outstanding
accounts $600, Bank of B. C. $1000,
sinkingfundon debentures$857, leaving a balance of $1551 in favor of the
city. A detailed financial stateroen
is in course of preparation by the
city clerk and will be published in
pamphlet form for distribution to the
ratepayers in due course.
Another matter which will be considered this evening is that of securing from the provincial government, special legislation for the
purpose of enabling a larger number
of ratepa yers to qualify for the posi
tion oi mayor and aldermen. It is
very doubtful if a sufficient number
ot qualified persons as the law now
stands could be found who would be
willing to allow their names to be
placed in nomination on Monday.
In order to overcome this difficulty
it is proposed to petition the government to pass an act similar to that
passed for the relief of Grand Forks
City in 18118, where the same difficulty of securing a sufficient choice
ofcligable candidates for municipal
honors was experienced. The great
stumbling block is found in the clause
which enacts that candidates shall be
"registered" owners of property to
the amount required. Owing to the
existing trouble concerning titles, it
is proposed to do away with the regis
tration clause and simply make it a
requirement that candidates shall be
the "assessed" owners on the municipal assessment roll for the specified
time to the required amount."
After hearing the statement by the
1 Mayor, the ratepayers present enter*
jed into a general discussion on municipal    matters,   and   the   financial
management of the citv council was
! commended  by all.   The matter of
extending to a  larger number   the
privilege of holding office as mayor
ami aldermen was brought up.    It
I was shown that by the  present ar
j rangenient it would  hardly be possi-
l ble to find a sufficient number of eli-
\ giblc candidates willing to accept the
i offices.    By changing the law so that
i the candidates would   require to be
! the assessed instead of the registered
owners; it. was considered that about
j 25 citizens would  be eligible for of-
| fice.    A petition to that effect was
j produced and signed  by the mayor
| and council and the ratepayers present, which is to be presented to the
Provincial Legislature and an amendment to the charier asked for    As
the time of nomination  is near at
hand, and it would be impossible to
have the change effected in time for
the next city council, it was decided
that   the proper  course   to   pursue
would be for the present council to
hold office until the government took
action in the matter.
The matter of government appropriations for roads and trails was also
brought up, and a committee of three
was appointed to place before R. F.
Green,the representative at Victoria,
a statement of the amount of monev
required, and the purpose for which
it should be expended. It was con*
sidered that the government had
slighted the district in this matter,
and had returned but a small portion
of the money collected from the mines
in the vicinity. The trail up Cody
creek was considered, in the judgment of the meeting, an immediate
necessity, and an appropriation will
be asked for. The Queen Bess road
and other matters will also be brought
to the attention of the member, and
it is probable that a lump sum appropriation of a sufficient amountr to
cover the necessary expenditures
will be asked tor.     ***
The Rambler-Cariboo is increasing
its force again. During December
145 tons of ore was shipped from this
The Plain English.
The Paystreak, Oct. 21st:
"It will be interesting to note the
acrobatic performances of journals
like the Nelson Miner, Nelson Economist and the Sandon Mining Review
while thev try to square themselves
with that plank in the Conservative
platform adopted at New Westminster which endorses the eight-
hour law."
The Mining Review, Oct. 28th.
"What surprises most people is
that one IN inch head cjin contain all
the wit and mtelthrence displayed
in the foregoing. If, however, the
intelligent egotist, who penned it. will
only again refer to the " 'plank in tlu;
Conservative platform'1' named, and
can understand phiin English, he
will see it is not "'the eifiht hour
law"' that is endorsed but ���������the
principle of the eight hour law,' "
which is an entirely different thing."
* *
Nelson Tribune, Dec. 30th :
"Upon the present decaaion Mr
Wilson was getting acquainted with
the rank and tile of the party
througout the province, and placing
the party's conclusions fairly bcf��re
them. Travelling ;is he was with
Sir Charles, he had not the nppdr
Utility of discussing them all ;is fully
;is some might desire, but upon
subsequent occasions he would have
other opportunities of presenting
them in detail. What he had done
whenever he was (Speaking throughout the province was to present the
platform endorsed at the recent Conservative convention ;it New \V��st-
niinster, and assure his hearers that
he stood fairly and squarely upon all
itsprovisions. The eiglit-hour law
was not shelved in one part, of the
province and brought out to do duty
in anoU or. The Conservative part\
had in convention decided to endorse
notonly the eight hour law but the
principle ofjt as well, and it, intend, d
to stas' with this plank in the platform."    .     ..."
It will now be in order for the
ancient, and sagacious editor of the
Mining Review to explain that such
demagogues as Charles Wilson, OlQ.,
Sir Charles Tupper, and Charles II ib
bert Tupper have no weight with the
Conservative partv,
The Mining Review derives the
anti-eight-hour-law inspiration which
���is killing it from the same source as
it, does the bonus which barely keeps
it, alive to light the case of the Mine
Owners' Association. Its usefulness
destroyed bv the end of tile strike, its
collapse will follow as a matter of
course, and the Conservative partisans in the Slocan may congratulate
themselves on the prospect of an
early release from the support of a
journal so mercenary and so (lis
honej-t as to be a tower of strength
to whatever cause ma\ have the
good fortune to merit its opposition.
1880 to 1898, the railroad mileage
doubled, while the population increased a trifle less than 50 per cent.
The population is not the only measure of the demand for transportation,
but the vast amount, of railway mileage; that has been unprofitable to the
investors and the steady diminuation
in the rates charged indicate that
the business has been tomporliy overdone ; that the construction has kept
in advance of the requirements. At
the end of 181)8 the railway mileage
in the United States was not only
twice as great as it was at the end of
1880, but it was about equal to the
mileage in all the  rest of the world.
The increased mileage in 181)8 was
very small, but iu the four years,
1880 to 1888, inclusive, the construction was .'H,871 miles, and in five
vears, >5 to DO, the construction was
38,341 miles. 01 course such rates
could not be maintained continuously, but, in the past eight years,
most of which is covered by a period
of very bad business, more than 20.-
0J0 miles have been added to the,
railroads of the country. Poor's
Manuel calculates that the South
will have to have ab nit 14,000 more
miles of railroad before it has one
mile to every ten square miles of
territory, and there is no doubt that
as other parts of the country are de
veloped railroad construction on a
considerable scale will continue, but
it. is hardly likely that the rate of
progress bet.veen 1880 and 18l��0 will
ite repeat< d.
In 1898 the gross earnings were
��116,000.000greater than the year
before; the net earnings were about
$47,030,000 greater, showing increased expenditures of nearly $70,030,-
(!00. Of the increased earnings tlll,-
000,000 came from passenger service,
$3��,000,000froin freight and ?9,000,-
(J00 from miscellaneous sources
The interest on bunds increased
nearly ��'3,000,0 0, and the dividends
on stock more than $11,000,000,
while the surplus increased about
827,000 COO, or 100 per cent. Tin-
freight receipts per ton per mile were
2.4 per cent less than the year before,
and reached only 7.5S mills, against
7.1)7 the year before and 8 2t frf '96.
The aggregate capitalization is close
to twelve billions of dollars, nearly
all the Investment of a half cohturv.
Hall Mines Smelter Returns.
Taken as a whole the United States
has not too many railways, but so
much has been done in the way of
adding to the transportation facilities of the country ��� during the last,
fifty years, and especially during the:
last twenty, that there remains much
less to be done in the future. In the
short space of eighteen   years; from
Following is the official report from
the Hall Minos smelter for November:
Lead smelting, 11) days and 15 hours;
388 tons of purchased  lead ore   was
smelted, together with 128 tons of
Silver King ore from tho company's
mine, from which was produced 105
ions of bullion, containing (approximately) from Silver Kitrg ore 1510
ounces of silver; from purchased ore
102 tons lend, 9790 ounces sil voV. and
887 ounces gold. ' ������������'
A Whale of a Property.
The recent discovery of ore in the
North Star, East Kootenay, is important. The. vein had already been
opened up extensively, showing a
width ot 26 feel of ore. The development placed $300,000 feet of ore in
isighfrrr-Tbe discovery of a body of
ore 150 feet down the hill from the
workings opens up possibilities in the
mine not thought of before. The
chute, instead of being proved 40
feet long, is now proved upwards of
150 feet long, /
A Snap for Everybody
While it Lasts.
We haoe a lot of China and
Glass ttwc at The Bazaar.
Also a lot of Stationery, Including Writing Tablets, Boxes
of Fine Linen Writing Paper
and Enoelopes to match.
Lead Pencils, Pen Holders,
Ink in all size receptacles
from a small school bottle up
to quart jars.
Those, along with a number
of other articles, are being
closed out at actual Cost. Call
in and take advantage of an
opportunity which seldom presents itself in Sandon.
The  Bazaar
Opposite the Post Office
Leetock It. Forbes Ooes to South Africa
with the Second Canadian Contingent.
About the happiest man in ten hemispheres was Lestock R. Forbes when he
received orders by wire on Saturday to
report at Calgary for servic6 in South
Afriea with the Canadian mounted contingent. Mr. Forbes bad done everything in his power for some weeks past
to force his selection, and it is no doubt
due to bis persistency that be was chosen.
He is well fitted for service, in physique,
intellect and training, and will no doubt
distinguish himself in action. The second Canadian contengent will be mounted, and will fill about tbe fame capacity
in South Africa as tbe Rough Riders did
in the Spanish-American war. It will
be made up entirely of men who have
seen service in the North-West mounted
Tbe reception of the good news by Mr.
Forbes was followed by tbe hearty congratulation of his host of New Denver
friends. His first duty after receipt of
tbe order was to send a cable to bis
mother telling of his good fortune. He
then prepared to leave, getting away on
Monday morning. Sunday a movement
was quietly set on foot by bis friends to
raise a purse to give him on his departure, to show him in a substantial way
that while they regretted bis departure
from tbe town, they nevertheless appre
ciated the honor that had been paid him
and the community in bis selection, and
shared with him tbe happiness felt in
his good fortune. In less than five hours
something like $200 was raise. Of this
about $75 was given by Silverton citizens
wbo were equally anxious to show their
good will and appreciation.
At 8 o'clock Monday morning when
tbe ss. Slocan arrived from down tbe
lake, a crowd of 200 people bad gathered
at tbe wharf, and tbe band was out in
full force. No "warrior bole"' ever got a
more hearty, spontaneous send off than
was given Mr. Forl>es. Tbe band, together with a large proportion of the
crowd, accompanied him as far as Rose*
berv where, in tbe presence of bis cheering friends the  "long green  roll"  was
given him with the compliments of the
season and tbe earnest wishes of all for
a safe voyage.���The Ledge
A social dance was given in the Bosun hall, Monday night
E. Angrignon, J. Williams ;and F.
Pyman were elected firewardens on
Local sharpshooters were somewhat
outclassed in the turkey contest at Silverton New Years day
Constable Ackers, of Slocan City, has
been stationed here, vice L. R. Forbes,
who bas gone to South Africa.
Alex. McPherson has sold his interest
in the dray business to Harry Ewar,and
has gone to Cariboo on business.
Miss Ethel Williamson left Friday on
a visit to Toronto. Mrs. W. Anderson
departed the same day for Manitoba
S. Hincbliffe, of Port Guichon, B C,
made a business trip through the camp
during the week. He has property
holdings on several creeks
Mrs. J. K. Clark is lying ill at Spokane, and her husband has gone to at
tend her. She was on her way to Montana to spend I he holidays when stricken
The Quadrille   Club's   dance,  last
Thursday, was a record breaker.
Rossland's metal output for the past
year was of flattering tonnage, but low
returns. Tbe output from tbe Slocan
was of low tonnage but flattering returnB.
Rowland's total ore output was 183,058
tons, the average value of which was $18
per ton, or $3,805,044 in all. The output
from the Slocan for the six months ending June 30th, '99, was 15,400 tons.
Since June 30th, (the months during
which the heavy shipments are usually
made) the shut-down of all tbe big shippers cut the shipments down to 4,400
tons. Thus tbe total shipments of the
year were reduced to 19,400. The value
ot this ore is estimated at $1,700,000.
In other words, with a tonnage of less
than one ninth as heavy as that of Rossland the returns were more than half as
She Used ii lasses.
During the recent war a certain Illinois regiment was camping on one of
the small islands south of Key West.
The island was only about a mile in
width. The colonel of the regiment,
whose wife had insisted upon accompanying; him, had his tent pitched in the
centre On one side of the island were
tall cliffs, and on the other a beach.
One day, while the colonel was rest
ing comfortably in a hammock, his wife
came to him'and said:
"John, you must issue orders to have
those horrid, men bathe on the other
side of the island."
"But, my dear," said the colonel,
"they can't bathe over there, ft is
impossible because of the cliffs. Anyway, you cannot see them where they
are, tiow, as it is fully half a mile or
more away "
"I know that," replied his wife, "but
I can see them with a field glass."
On Tuesday the first payment on the
Hartney bond was made through the
Bank of Montreal here. It consisted of
five per cent, and amounted to a tidy
sum. The next payment, of ten per
cent., falls due on February 1. At the
mine things are in good shape, there
beihg a fair showing of ow ���'- tri ��� main
drift. In the lower .unnel ttu vein is
just beginning to make its appearance,
at a distance of 70 feet. Upwards of a
carload of ore is lying on the dump,
with eight; tons or so sacked up for
shipment. Ten men are at present em
ployed���The Ledge.
A Matrimonial Advertisement.
The following matrimonial advertisement hails from Dakota:
"Lovers, Take Notice���On and after
this date, I will preaen. an elegant
cbromo, a parlor lamp, or a glass water
set to all bridal couples married by me.
All marrying done in the most artistic
We carry
Good Goods
and sell. ..
them, too
0  0*
Year to
you all!
D. J.
& Co., Sandon.
way, either in private or public. Runaway couples married at any hour of the
day or night, and pursuers thrown off
the scent. Reduced rates to those I
have married before. A red lantern
hangs in front of my door, on Prairie
street, at night. No dog kept. Night
bell directly under the lantern.���Moses
Dodd, J.P."
Why They Wept.
Dean Hole recently told a capital
story of two Indians dining in England
for the first time,when one of them took
a spoonful of mustard, which brought
tears to his eyes.   The other said:
"Brother, why weepest thou?" and he
"I weep for my father who was slain
in battle," and he passed the mustard.
The other then took a spoonful, and he
had a tear trickling down his cheek.
Said the first Indian:
"Why weepest thou?" and he then re
"I weep because thou wast not slain
with thy father."
Total shipped July 1 to Dec. 31, 1898,
17,994 tons. January 1st, 1899, to
Jan. 1,1900:
Week     Total
Payne  5,437
Last Chance  2,245
Slocan Star  548
Sapphire  S3
Coin  18
Ajax   40
Sovereign  80
Reco  180
Ivanhoe  119
Treasure Vault  IU
Red Fox  14
Trade Dollar  60
Liberty Hill  3
Madison  11
Wonderful  20
Ameriean Boy  48
Noble  Five  45
Idaho Mines  S40
Queen Bess  1,441
Wild Goose  15
Mon itor :  260
Whitewater  2,348
Jackson  874
Hillside  1
Bell  65
Wellington  11
Antoine  650
Rambler  619
Native Silver Bell  48
Dardanelles  100
Great Western  48
Florida  39
Bosun  580
Marion  20
Capella  3
Mollie Hughes  30
Fidelity.-  3
Vancouver  320
Wakefield  580
Emily Edith  60
Comstock  120
Noonday  610
Enterprise  710
Tamarac  20
Black Prince  35
Chapleau  16
Total tons.
Rossland did not have to contend with
the difficulties resulting from the labor
trouble, and as a result that camp made
rapid advancement in 1899. Tbe shipments from the camp for the year aggregate 183,058 tons, as against 110,697 tons
in 1898. Of this amount the Le Roi
shipped 94,117 tons, the War Eajjle 64,-
508, and the Centre Star 16,795. The
balance waa made up of small shipments
from ten other properties.
M. W. DAT, Proprietor.
 Manufaturer of all	
Syphons, Gingei Ale,
Sarsaparilla, Etc., Etc.
Sandon, S.O.
Patronize home industry
when you want the best THE PAYSTBEAK, SANDON, B. C, JANUARY 6,   1900
The   Paystreak.
Is Issued every Saturday In Sandon, tu the heart
of the greatest White Metal camp on earth.
Subscription     ��� ...     fj.oo a year
Strictly In advance.
Address: Thk Paystkkak, Sandon, B.C.
Wm. Macadams.
SANDON. B. C JAN. 6,  1900
New Denver Ledge.
War breeds war much the same
as one jag will beget others in tbe
same camp. We have just heard
that the Japs will fight Russia to a
red finale in the spring. We do not
think much of this report as we are
so accustomed to booms that are to
to come in the spring. It is also
whispered along the thin green line
that runs through the United States
that the Fenians will again attempt
to take Canada. They must think
we are easy, or else their knowledge
of this glorious country ot ours���and
the C. P. R.���is exceedingly limited.
We warn the Fenians to keep their
crazy souls out of this Dominion if
they have any regard for their
health. Do not be misled by foolish
agitators into making a raid upon our
fair land. If you do you will run up
against a storm of lead that will
whiten your whiskey-tinted faces,
and make you all of the same name,
And thus does the war talk go on
and no one knows where it will end.
We would not be surprised at any
time to learn that the Salvation Army
was fighting the devil in Sandon,
or that the green-eyed brigands of
Silverton had swooped down upon
New Denver and put everything to
sleep in the only Lucerne of North
The following report of a passage
in an interview which an eastern
paper has with Mr. Mackintosh, ex-
governor of the Northwest Territories,
shows what nonsense a man of prominence can talk without being considered silly:
"You are at the head of what is
known as the Mackintosh syndicate?"
"Yes, but we take all responsibility
of developing a property before asking anyone to buy it, or advising the
public to invest, and by articles of
agreement, three known experts
must report that there is twice the
value of ore in sight of the price
asked for the property."
Mr. Mackintosh was ever flush with
promises, and Could always make
things look well on paper, but when
he promises to sell a mine for one-
half what it is worth he makes himself funny. As is stated by the Mining Record, "To buy a mine for half
the value of the ore in sight' is in
North America an impossibility; to
sell it for the value of half the ore in
sight would be the rankest folly. Be
sides which, the clause in the agreement rendering it necessary to secure the unanimity of three well-
known experts on any given subject,
let alone ore In sight, is imprimis a
bar upon this syndicate's doing any
business at all. No three experts
have ever been known to agree on
anything, and the better known they
are the more their opinions seem to
After the war sounds are all hushed
and the blood has dried on the veldt,
who will get the profit? Wiil it be
Tommy Atkins? Oh. no; not on your
dum dum. The gold kings of Euroj>e
will get the benefit, while Tommy
will probably get thanks, and the
officers a few more epaulets. The
yellow god of commerce does not
smile on the sons of Mars to any
alarming extent. When the roar of
cannon has ceased, and the dead are
planted in the formation the man of
gold comes into the open and while a
nation bows its head in grief, he harvests the crop. As he counts his
millions he must often laugh at how
willingly the British soldier goes up
against the worst of it, principally for
his benefit. Brave Tommy Atkins!
Your name is legion, but you are
selfish. Why do you not give the
men with the gold a chance to pump
lead into the enemy wlile you stay
at home with your family snd drink
extra dry? Do not monopolize the
fighting. Give the men who profi1
by it a chance. There is nothing
like generosity.���The Ledge.
A new method of detecting the
presence of a smal] quantity of gold
has been recently discovered bv Dr.
0' ler, says the Mining and Engineer
Review of San Francisco. By this
method the presence of quantities as
low as 77 centigrammes per ton may
be established. The operation is as
follows: A quantity of finely, powdered ore, say 120 grammes, is introduced into a flask To this an equal
valume of tincture of iodine is added,
and the mixture well agitated. It is
then left for an hour, agitating from
time to time, and is finally allowed
to stand. When the solution has sep
arated, a band of filter paper is saturated with this, and the paper al
lowed to dry. This operation is re
peated five or six times in succession
in order to completely saturate the
paper. It is afterward calcined, and
it, will be observed that tbe ash, when
gold is present, offers a purple color.
This color should disappear quickly
if the ash is moistened with bromine
water. The test may be modified in
the following manner: A quantity ol
the powder, 120 grammes, is covered
with bromine water, and after agitating during the course of an hour, the
solution is filtered. Upon adding
protochloride of tin to the solution, it
���oakes a purple color, in the presence
of gold, giving the reaction known as
"Purple of Cassius." In the case ot
sulphides the ore should be previously roasted, and when the mineral
contains a considerable proportion of
carbonate ot lime, it should becal
cined in the presence of ammonium
Lord Robert! of Kandahar,familiarly
known as "Bobs," is on his way to South
Africa to assume command of the British army. Rudyard Kipling thus sizes
him up:���
There's a little red-faced man,
Which is Bobs.
Rides the tallest 'orse 'e can,
Our Bobs.
If it bucks or kicks or rears,
'E can sit for twenty years,
With a smile round both 'is ears-
Can't yer, Bobs'?
Then 'ere's to Bobs Bahadur���little Bobs
Bobs, Bobs!
'E's our pukka Kandahader���Fightin'
Bobs, Bobs!
'E's the Dook of Aggy Chel:
'E's the man that done us well,
An' we'll follow 'im to 'ell-
Won t we, Bobs?
If a limber's slipped a trace,
'Ook on Bobs.
If a marker's lost 'is place.
Dress by Bobs.
For 'e's eyes ali up 'is coat,
An: a bugle in 'is throat,
An' you will not play the goat
Under Hobs.
'E's a little down on drink,
Chaplain Bobs;
But it keeps us outer Clink���
Don't if, Bobs?
So we will not complain
Tito' 'e's water on the brain,
If e leads us str;ii  lit a��rain���
Blue-light Bobs.
If you stood im on is 'ead,
Father Bobs,
You could spill a quart o' lead
Outer Bobs.
'E's been at it thirty years,
An'a-massin' souven'eers.
In the way o' slugs an' spears���
Ain't yer, Bobs?   ���
What 'e does not Know o' war,
#Gen'ral Bobs,
Vou can arst the shop next door���
Can't they, Bohs?
[Hi, 'e's little, hut e's wise;
'Es a terror for 'is size
Do yer, Bobs?
Now they've made a bloomin' lord
Outer Bobs.
Which was but 'is fair reward���
Weren't it, Bobs?
An' 'e'll wear a coronet
Where 'is 'elmet used to set,
But we know vou won't foriret���
Will ver, Bobs?
Then 'ere's to Bobs Bahadur���little Bohs
Bohs, Bobs!
Pocket-Welliu'ton  an' arder
Bobs, Bobs!
This ain't no bloomin' ode.
But you've 'elped the soldier's load,
An' for benefits bestowed,
Bless yer, Bobs!
The surest way for the mine managers to prevent the possibility of any
legislation being enacted looking to
the repeal or even modification of the
8 hour law, would be for them to continue their past folly. They will be
in no position to ask for any legislation if they do not give the law a
fair trial.
If vou have a gray-haired mother
In the old home far away,
Sit down and write the letter
You put off day by day.
Don't wait until her tired steps
Reach heaven's pearly gate-
But show her that you think of her
Before it is too late.
If you've a tender message
Or a loving word to say.
Don't wait till you forget it
But whisper it today.
Who knows what bitter memories
May haunt you it you wait?���
So make your loved ones happy
Before it is too late.
We live but in the present,
The future is unknown-
Tomorrow is a mystery,
Today is all our own.
The chance that fortune lends to us
May vanish while we wait,
So spend your life's rich treasure
Before it is too late.
The tender words unspoken,
The letter never sent,
The long-forgotten messages
The wealth of love unspent.
For these some hearts are breaking,
For these some loved ones wait���
So show them that you care for them
Before it is too late
���Ida Goldsmith Morris.
Four banks in Europe control the
monetary market. Any one of them
can make or break a nation in ten
words. They are controlled by J ws,
and it is to them no doubt that silver
money owes its degeneration.
Operating Kaslo A Slocan Rniluav,
International  Navigation A:
Trading  Company,
Schedule of Time.     I Wide Standard
Passenger train for Sandon   and
way stations leaves  Kaslo at HAM) a
m. "daily,   returning,   leaves Sandon
at 1:15 p.  m.,  arriving at    aslo at
3:55 p. ui.
& TRADING CO., operatfnjrun
Kootenay Lake and River.
leaves Kaslo for Nelson at 6:00 a.
ni.. daily except Sunday. Returning
leaves Nelson at 4:30 p'. m., calling
at Balfour, Pilot Iky, Ainsworth and
all way points.
Connections with S. F. A N. train
to and from Spokane at Five Mile
Point; also with str. Alberta to and
from Bonner's Ferry, Idaho.
Leaves Nelson for Bonner's Ferry
Tuesdav and Saturdays at 7 a. m.,
meeting steamer International from
Kaslo at Pilot Bav. Returning,
leaves Bonner's Ferrv at 8 a. m.
Wednesdays and Sundays.
Steamer International leaves Kaslo
for Lardo and Argenta at 8:45 p. in.
Wednesdays and Fridavs. Steamer
Alberta leaves Kaslo for Lardo and
Argenta at 8 p.m. Sundays.
Steamers call at principal landings
in both directions, and at other points
when signalled.
Tickets sol I to all points i i Ca ada
nnd the United Statas. To ascertain
rates and full information, address���
Robert Irving, Manager.
b. Campbell, Kaslo, B. C.
height and Ticket Agt., Sandon.
An unknown poet, or, at least, one
who is known only by the initials, "L.
J. 0. B.," has written what may be
called just the best poem that the war
in South Africa has inspired yet. The
poem was printed in the Telephone, a
weekly paper printed in Cape Town.
The word "rooi-baatje" used by the poet
refers to the red-coated British soldier
Jilii^gJj^K^ B.C., JANUAUY 0, 1900.
Lay my rifle beside me, set my Bible on
my breast,
For a moment let the wailing bugles
As the century is closing, I am going to
my rest",
Lord, lettest thou thy servant go in
But loud through all the bugles rings a
cadence in my ear,
And on the winds my hopes of peace
are stowed;
The winds that waft the voices that already I can hear���
Of the  rooi-baatje  singing on   the
Yes, the red coats are returning; I can
hoar the steady tramp,
After twenty years of waiting, lulled
to sleep)
Since rank and file at Potchefstrootn
we hemmed them in their camp
And cut them up at Bronkerspruit
like sheep.
They shelled us at Tnjrogo, but we galloped into range,
And  we  shot  the  British  gunners
where they showed;
1 guessed they would return to us���I
knew the chance must change-
Hark! the rooi-baatje singing on the
But now from snow-swept Canada,from
India's torrid plains,
From lone Australian outposts hither
Obeying their commando, as they heard
the bugle's strains,
The men  in  brown have joined the
men in red
They come to find the colors at Majuba
left aud lost:
Thev mine to  pay  us back the debt
they owed:
And 1 hear new voices lifted, and I see
strange colors tossed,
'Mid the rooi-baatje singing on the
The old, old faiths must falter; the old,
old creeds must fall���
1 hear it in the distant murmur low���
The old, old order changes, and 'tis
vain for us to rail;
The great  world. does not want us���
we must go,
And veMt. ��nd spruit; and kopje to the
stranger will belong.
No oioi*. the trek before him we shall
Too well, too well I know it. for I hear
it in the song
Of  the   rooi-baatje  singing  on   the
ures. It is a striking commentary upon
the gullibility of the British investing
The most glaring of recent failures
has been the Tangier mine at Albert
Canyon, of which the Rovelstoke Herald
remarked: "The shut down of the Tangier mine, at Albert Canyon, which has
been working 25 or 80 men all summer,
has been announced.   Something has
been learned about the methods employed  in opening up  tho property,
which, to say the least, appear to have
been very ill-advised, and have in consequence produced results far from satisfactory.   Less than a year ago shaft
sinking was commenced on the property
and a hole sunk below the creek level
about 60 or (55 feet.   Enough timber to
make 100 feet was built on top of this
(the  timber   part  being filled around
with waste) and the shaft called 100
feet underground.   Levels to the extent of 800 or 900 feet were run in all
directions from the bottom of this pit
and 815,000 or 120,000 spent without any
results.   Gopher holing at   the grass
roots is hardly the way to make a mine,
aud intelligent miners who are familiar
with the situation at the Tangier are at
a loss to understand why a considerable
portio'.  of the large  expenditure already made was not spent in sinking
instead of useless work, which leaves
the company, as far as the mine is concerned, in practically the same position
as when it commenced operations.  The
fangier company, so its miners state,
is a good outfit, and intend to do what
is right, but it appears to be like so
many other English mining companies,
the victim of mismanagement in the
practical work of development.   However, ii is to he hoped that the company
will not be discouraged to the quitting
point by the unsatisfactory showing of
the past year's work, but will resume
operations in the near future with some
one at the head of affairs at the mine
who can properly develop the property."
The Province of Ontario has decided
on a new policy with relation to the
nickel mines of Sudbury and the adjacent region.   Hereafter no grants of
nickel-bearing property will be made,
except on tbe condition that the ores
obtained shall be worked and the nickel
converted into metallic form and refined
in the province.   Moreover, the Dominion Government has imposed the export duty on  nickel  ores and  matte
which was authorized by  parliament
last year, although the levying of the
duty was left to the discretion of the
government.    This action  has been
urged  for  some  time by parties who
have always resented the fact that the
Sudbury ores were simply reduced into
matte at the mines, the refining being
done in the United States or in England.   The condition required applies,
of course, only to future grants, and .���
does not affect the mines already owned ]
. _ .   ���v ....uvuuuunuv uniH'.U
and worked by the two American companies and the English refiners; but the
export duty will probably make some
change in their plans, and perhaps require the removal of their refining
work8 to Canadian territory.
There has been great activity lately
in the Sudbury district, and nickel properties are in demand, while those readily accessible from the railroad are for
the most part taken up The principal
buyer lately has been the Mond Syndicate, which ships the ores and matte
from its mines to England for treatment
and refining by the Mond process. The
mines or claims near the railroad have
been generally taken up, and those in
the hands of prospectors or locators are
held at high prices
A Chicago hotel manager employed a
handy man by the name of "Bill" to do
his window washing. One morning Bill
instead of doing his work, wasamusini
himself by reading the newspaper, and
as bad nek would have it, the manage;
looked in. 6
"What-, this?" he said. Bill was
dumfounded. 'Tack up your things and
go," said the manager.
So poor Bill went to the office, drew
he money that was owing to him, and
then went upstairs and put on his good
clothes. Coming down he went to say
good-bye to some of the other servants
and there he happened to run across the
manager, who did not recognize him in
his black coat.
"Do you want a job?" asked the man-
"Yes, sir," said Bill.
"Can you clean windows?"
"Yes, sir."
"You look a handy sort of a fellow 1
only gave the last man $5, but 1 will
give you $7." W1U
"Thank you, sir," said Bill; and in
half an hour he was back in the same
old room-cleaning the window thia
time and not reading the paper.
Mlnerali In the Philippine..
Idaho's Mineral Production.
Mismanagement has caused numer-
I ous wrecks among- the British mining
��. companies operating in this province
IJ articularly has this been the case dur-
I mg the past two years-vears that have
J witnessed some of the greatest blows
vet experienced by the mining industry.   No one part of the province has
had a monopoly of these fizzles, but all
sections have tasted of the bitter fruits
of culpable negligence, ignorance and
lack of experience.   Hordes of officials,
I nunkeys,   and   general   staff   above
ground have caused tho heedless ex-
j penditure of hundreds of thousands of
t dollars for unearned salaries and useless
Ibuildings.   A small percentage of the
jmoney thus wasted, if expended on the*
jdevelopment of the property, in manv
fcases, would have obviated these faii-
All election  agitation  should cease,
and not be resumed before the spring of
1901."   This   is   the   way   Sir  Wilfred
Laurier tells the faithful   readers of his
Quebec ortran  that  no appeal  will lye
made to the  people   at   present.     Mr.
Pacaudj after having, so it is stated, interviewed the Prime Minister,  wrote an
article for Le Soleil, headed, "there will
be no general  election."     The article
continues, "We have every reason to believe that the Federal Government has
no intention of bringing on  the general
election just now.     The   term   of the
present Parliament will  not expire till
August, 1901, or 19 months hence, and
there is no   reason either of public or
party import why a dissolution should
take place before the legal expiration of
the parliament term.   Canada is not engaged in any diplomatic or other conflict
with the outside world that necessitates
an appeal to the people.    There is, of
course, the question of sending a military contingent lo South Africa, and of
the unexpected expense which it entails,
but public sentiment has manifested itself with so much  unanimity and force
that it would be foolish to question the
will of the people.   It will be necessary
to call the*House together to legalize the
expenliture,   but what party   interest
The total production of metals in
Idaho for the year just closed is estimated at $13,623,448, divided as follows:
Gold, 12,500,000; silver, $6,103,028; lead,
$4,960,410; copper, $60,000. Tluj gold
production increased from $1,895,566 in
1898. The production of silver and lead
was seriously interfered with by the disturbances in the Coeur d'Alenes in the
early summer. The total of all metals
for the year is practically the same as
last year.
In a report to the interior department
on the geology of the Philippine islands
George F. Becker, of the United States
Geological Survey, gives some interesting information regarding the mineral
resources ef the group.   Mr.   Becker
says that while gold  exists in both
Luzon and Mindinao, it is comparable
rather to that of the Carolinas and Virginia than to the western gold fields of
the United States, and a rush to the
Philippine fields would, he predicts, result  fn  disappointment.    The report
says "the copper deposits of Lepanto
seem rich and extensive, but very expensive roads will be needed to render
them available.   The high quality of
some of the iron ores of Luzon is beyond question, but the lignite of the
islands is not adapted to iron smelting.
The so-called coal is a good lignite.  Its
heating effect  is  from   two-thirds to
three-quarters of that of the best steaming coal.   There are great quantities of
this fuel, and much of it will probably
be delivered at a profit on vessels at
$2.50 Mexican ton."
The bubonic plague has arrived at
the Sandwich Islands. If it gets into
Canada the growing will be changed
to planting time. It is more to be Ernest MangfieId is going to New
feared tlu,n war. and any Chinaman Zealand on behalf of European capital,
is liable to introduce it to British to acquire several miles of dredgiug con-
Columbia people. cessions.
Hunter Bros.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in  ���
Groceries, Dry Goods,
We carry the best lines that money can buy,  and,  buying in large quanti-
��� ,... ,.   .."".' '   ITiilTI ties, save you the extra profit,
would be served by bringing on an elec-       ~       , t*ii/^ *m , *-,    .
tion now?" '    Sandon       Rossland        Greenwood       Grand Forkg
(Reproduced by request.)
To my friend, Rev. W.M. MacKeracher.
Some feller dropped the word last night,
Down at "Poker BiH's,"
"The parson's goin' ter pull up stakes
And quit these bloomin' hills."
The boys all looked up suddent-like
At the feller where he sot
And Tommy Roadley dropped his hand
An' fergot to take tbe pot.
"YaB," says the feller, kinder s'prised
At the way we took the news,
"Year's up, and he's goin' ter shake
This dust from off his shoes.
He's a-goin' away back east," says he���
"Boys," chipped in old George Fobs,
"Let's all cash in."   And then we fell
To reckonin' up the loss.
"Pop" Lowery 'lowed he'd bet a stack
That the camp 'd never see
A squarer parson pull his coat
Er throw a packer's "T."
"'Scribed for the 'Claim' when he fust
Planked down the good hard dough,
And, ding it, boys, I kinder hate
Ter see the feller go."
"Doc" Rogers chipped a bean and said:
"The proper thing ter do,
Afore the parson packs his quilts
And strikes fer prospecks riew,
Is ter give the cuss a good send-off."
"I'm in on that, says Pete,
We'll 'pint Dave King the poet,
An' th' hull durn gang '11 treat."
Well, Sunday night we gathered in,
At the old Hotel Slocan,
Fer er reg'lar old-time blow-out.
We trotted out our man
And made him lisun to the truck
Our poet said he'd writ,
Which, if my memory serves me right,
Was 'bout like this, to-wit:
"We've watched you purty close, young
Since you dropped yer pack down here,
And stated in a sermont
That you'd come to stay a year,
But we felt a mite suspicious-like,
As folks is apt t' feel,
When a ' 'varsity chap' from way down
Sets in to take the deal.
"Them days the gang didn't take much
In missionary chaps,
And we sort 'er steered eround you���
There's where we lost, perhaps���
Fer we couldn't see how a beardless kid,
That had just got out 'er school,
Could preach and live in a mining camp
And stick to the Lord's eighth rule.
"We've heerd tell since, that when you
sot in '
The game was a-running low;
The church debt loomed up mighty high;
And the spirit didn't flow;
The Sunday nightcollections, them days,
Was 'bout as slim
As the Sunday mornin' attendance,
Which was almighty slim.
" But it wa'nt. long 'til ^t got eround
That yer preachin' wa'nt bad;
That them that didn't hear ye
Might some day wish they had;
That you struck out from th' shoulder
And layed down the good old facks,
That every man's religion
Is recorded in his acts.
"That the man who has a ready hand
To help his feller man,
Has struck the paystreak of God's love
An' can save it in a pan.
You didn't seem ter give a���er���
That is, you didn't care,
How rough an' tough a man might look
If his heart beat on the square.
"That charity is a kingly grace,
If it assayB what it ort���
The kind that thinks no evil thing
And hears no bad report���
And though you were young and chipper-like,
It didn't take long ter see
That the heart that beat beneath yer vest
Was purty middlin* free.
" 'Long 'bout spring  o' th' year you
You struck your pick one night
In a mighty powerful sermont
That made 'em see the light,
And it wa'nt long til half the gang
Was flraoin' to church, by gum,
And a-fillm' up yer button box
When the thing eround 'em come.
"Then "Scotty" led, and it wa'nt long
'Til "Sandy" follered suit
The gang it couldn'ta-been more 'sprised
Had it heered old Gabriel toot.
"Doc" Rogers took a hand 'bout then,
And the boys nigh lost their grip,
When the three was 'lected deacons,
But they never raised a yip.
"We've seen yer, day by day, go on
In the way yer ort ter go,
Runnin' yer tunnel ter tap the ore
On th'ledge that we well know
Is th' one we all must look fer
If we ever strike it rich
On the mountain over yonder,
Er up, I don't know which.
"No use ter say now  what you've done,
Since yer dropped yer pack down here
And stated in a sermont
That you'd come to stay a year;
The record's writ in a higher place:
But we'll say right here in lieu,
That you've got the gang's best blessins'
To carrv away with you."
t t t t t
He went away; we've heerd tell since,
He's savin' souls���Quebec province.
David W. King.
Kaslo, Slocan Mining Camp, 1890.
This All Absorbing Topic Reviewed by
James F. Morton, Jr.
Every social institution must be tested by its actual results in promoting
human welfare and human happiness.
Neither its antiquity nor the universality of its acceptance is a very safe
No idea is too safe to be subjected to
the most searching criticism If true,
it can stand the test, and justify itself
in the eyes of all. If false, it deserves
to perish? and no man should mourn its
downfall'. That the marriage system of
today is a conspicuous failure, few careful investigators are prepared to deny.
It has not proved to be a successful solution of the sex question. It is merely
one of many experiments in s.:x relationship which have been made in the
course of centuries by both savage and
civilized peoples. Anthropological research among the more primitive races
reveals the widest divergence of marriage customs and ideas, Monogamy
in its strictest aspect is found in various
tribes. Practical promiscuity is occasionally noted. Some tribes are rigidly
endogamous, others are rigidly exoga-
mous. In some cases, a great deal of
sexual freedom is allowed before marriage, after which absolute constancy is
rigidly enforced. Elsewhere, strict
chastity is demanded up to the point of
marriage, and the widest license tolerated afterwards. In some countries,
incest is regarded as a highly normal
form of sex relationship; in others, it is
ranked among the grosser forms of sexual perversion. These instances,which
might be almost indefinitely multiplied,
simply prove that in sex, as in every
other department of life, no single and
unvarying standard has been able to
maintain a lasting supremacy over all
others. Here, as elsewhere, the evolutionary principle is constantly at work
modifying social customs in obedience
to economic necessity and to increasing
comprehension of the laws of nature.
Many of our errors in social philosophy arises from a failure to comprehend
the principle of relativity. Each individual must think and learn for himself;
and many of his lessons must he gained
through personal experience. In like
manner each generation has its own les
sis of sex relationship; because it rests
on authority, rather than on reason; b0.
cause it ignores all natural laws of de-
velopment, and attempts to force all [n.
dividuals into the same mould; because
it establishes arbitrary and artificial
standards of morality; because it is t|w��
sons to learn, not by a blind adhesion ] stronghold of an unhealthy aaceticiim,
to the forms of the past, but by using | born of superstition and priestly dni,un-
the knowledge already attained as a ation; because it is the fruitful source of
stepping stone to further attainments j discord and misery; because It tends to
An institution, evolving of necessity j narrow the range of interests and syne
from antecedent conditions, meets a piithies; because it constitutes a denial
real necessity, and represents the best j of individuality, ignoring the fat t that,
possible expression of a given stags of man or woman is first of all a human
human development War, slavery, belmj, and only secondary a related
church, state, feudalism, capitalist in- being; and because it is merely a crude
dustry, and marriage, are all examples survival of the past, and out of har-
of the same principle. Tho error, from j niony with advancing human needs.
which countless miseries have arisen, J The remedy? While that is not now
lies in holding up those Imperfect ex., our special theme, 1 am bound to experiments as permanent factors in hu I press my conviction that the only sure
man life. When an institution has come j cure lies in the establishment of full
to rest on authority rather than on an ��� liberty. As the evil has come through
appeal to reason, it is already outgrown; authority, it must he mot hy the estab-
and its doom, though delayed, is cer- | lishmcnt of the oppositeprinciple. Free
tain. The form may remain, even for men and women will And their truest
centuries; but the life has gone. happiness in creating such ideals of love
The marriage system of today is con- and parentage and the home, as will
demned already in the forum of reason i lead to happiness undreamed of in mir
The joint product of temporary ecc.no- J half baked civilization of today W'lic-
mic conditions and blind experimenting J ther variety or monogamy shall be the
in days of darkness and mental ignor- prevailing practice under free condi-
ance, it has been invested with an artj* I tions, will be determined by the free
ficial sanctity by the self-seeking de* J choice of individuals, based on the com-
vices of priestcraft, and crystalized into j mon experience. No true Idea has
an authoritarian institution by the in anything to lose by submitting to com-
vasive decrees of government. Around j parison with opposing views, rhe for-
it an ibsurd code of morals has gradu-1 cible  invasion   of  the  right  nf free
ally clustered. .lealousv, the inunifos '��� speech, so often witnessed today is evi-
tation of the spirit of ownership and I dence that the advocates of marriage
possession, is considered almost a vir-1 dare not leave their institution iodic.
tue, instead of what it really is���an un- \ test of its intrinsic merit They confess
conscious recognition of one's own in- defeat in open discussion, and Attempt
feriority, and a vice of the most con- to stay tho march of nrojrress bv iuva-
temptible nature. Prostitution, 101 sive violence. These common tactics
closely allied to marriage as to have I of bigots and d(��|wts nevor avail in the
been called its twin sister, and all other ! long run. The race is outgrowing
forms of soxual vice are among the marriage, as it  has outgrown chattel
slavery, and will one day outgrow the
economic slavery of today. All around
us, there are free and bravo men mid
women, who dare assert their righl to
themselves, even  under  the somewhat
discouraging conditions of our present
life. Their number is constantly increasing; aud ihe day is at hand when
the marriage fetich will be relegated to
commonest features of latter day civilization ^he prevalent unbappiness in
the marriage relation is ascribed to
every source except the true one���the
inherent defect in the institution itself.
The failure is admitted; but its cause is
recognized only by the few who dare
investigate with an unbiased mind.
Marriage is a failure, because it tends
to substitute contract for love, as a ha-  the lumber vard of dead institutions
F. BTjnRJNTS <��, CO,
A Zephyr Prom the Ecerglades by
Frank E. Cole.
J. E. Wood has received a letter
from Frank E. Cole, who was formerly with the Last Chance, in
which he gives a few very interesting and instructive facts about life
and conditions in the sunny land of
Florida. Writing from St. Petersburg he says: ���
Friend Wood, ���I took  a great dislike to California as I  was coming
through,   but   when   I   awoke  and
found what, a  beautilul  place I had
come to, 1 felt like shaking E. II. for
the induceinems he  held out tome.
This is a beautiful climate.    No tog,
but beautiful soft breezes that, make
you think of spring.    .Much superior
to California  or the Sound.    I have
spent some  time since I came here
looking around   the   ecuntrv     The
soil, as a rule, is verv poor and needs
to have help,    but will produce wonderfully when fertilized.    Unimproved it eosts from $75  to $125 an acre,
in lots of  five  acres.    I have a good
one in view, close to the city limits,
nt $125, which is good high land with
pleiitv of water.    I know  ��� t cheaper
farther out     There  is an orange orchard, wiih two hoiws, running water, and trees coming into hearing at
S25C0 per acre.    E  II. paid $:ttU) for
II acres of pines, from   which there
have been  sold $.'>000  worth of produce.   I figure mat in\ crop ��>t pine
apples at the end of 18 months will
be worth 52100.   This, I am told, is a
\i'f\ low estimate, and ho far the fig
ores are away abovethese,   There is
a   market  for everything  you   can
grow, strawberries bringing I'.O rents
a quart for Chicago just  now.    it
costs ��2 )00 an  acre to plant a pineapple p.ttcb, which ensures a crop in
,   is months   For r<,0 X) plants von will
pav $ti00, and  with  these can Co ver
' ��00 yards.
The  town   of St.   Petersburg   is
] young, but on the right way to make
la  city, with   a good  class of inhabi-
i taut*, mostly northern people. There
|f is railroad and steamboat Connection,
Iwaterworks,  electric   light, planing
inilh, [tacking houses,  ice  factories,
||aud other  industries, besides fishing
Utind clam   and   oyster bunting.    We
have eight churches and  three sal-
tHtns, ami  many  tine  gjids and rich
widows     LaU>r ;is i rule, is cheap,
Mhoiit ��l a tla>.    There ate plenty of
jjriiiiil business openinirs here.
Installation ol* Officers.
Certiflcate of Impro�� enients.
Situate in the Slocan Minir j Division of West
Kootenay   District.    Where   located : On
the North Slope of the South Fork of Carpenter Creek, ahove the Town of Cody
Take Notice that I  J,  H. Gray, acting as
agent   fur Mr*. L. Helens, Free Miner's Certi-
floate  No.    MBBftAj   Ed.  Decker, F. If. C. No-
11VM | John C.il.iwell. F If. 0. No. 18798 ;   F. A
Devereux, F. M. C. No. .\IH|iiA ;   C. L.  Preston,
F. M.C. No.   10894A|   0. T. Stone. F. M.   C. No.
10656A ami J. II. (iray, F.M,0. No.88146A, Intend
sixty days from date hereof, to  apply to the
Mining Record' r for a Certificate of Improvements, for tbi purpose of   obtaining a Crown
(Irant of the ahove claim.
And further take notice that action under
Section .'17, must   he  commenced   before   the
issuance of such Certificate of Improvements
Dated this twe*.ty-tir��t day of December 1N!0
J. H. Giuy
Certiflcate of Improvements.
No. 791, and John Docksteader. Free Miner's
Certificate No. Bl5tt9 intend sixty days from
date hereof to apply to the Mininc Recorder
lor a Certificate of Improvements, for the
purpose of obtaining a Crown grant of the
above claim .
And further take notice that  action, under
f oTroTToTTbTnnrbToT^^
Tired Eyes Cause Sickness    ���*
Beeause the eyes tire easily some folks say they
are not well. In most such cases there is Eye
Strain. Neglected Eye Strain is sure to produce
Sickness. Be Wise, Have your Eyes Examined,
Know their exact Condition from an expert
Scientific Optician.
    commenced   before  the
Lwuanoe <>f such Certificate of Improvements
section :I7.   must   be
lance of such Certim-iiir ui   j>
Dated this 30th day of November, 1898.
| Western Fe leration of Miners.]
Meets every Saturday Evening at 8 o'clock
in Miiier-' Uuiou Hull.
Pres, Geo, Smith.
Vice-i re.. HoWAHD TnOMi son.
Fin Sec.  \V. L. HaOLKK.
Folliott & McMillan.
Contractors and Builders.
Dealers in Dressed and Rough Lumber.
Sash, Doors, Blinds, etc, Made to Order at Lowest Possible Prices.
Mine and Dimension Timber always in Stock. Plans, Estimates and
Speoifioations furnished for all Classes of Building.
|On Januarv 1st K. VV. Km |{. F.
Givt-ii, I). I). <;. Al., paid Alta Lndirc
No. 2\), A. F & A. M . a friendly
Visit and installed tlu; f-llowiny ol'li-
eers tor tho rnsninir vcur. viz : Wor
Bro W. II. Lillv. W. .M.; Wor. Hro,
I. ?.!. Iknard, I. P. M.; Hm. M I,
Prlinnu'M, S \V.; Mio. ||. ||. Pitts,
j. \Y\; liio. Thus. Brown, Sue; Bro.
A. Crawford, Tras., Pro. F. ('.
Sewell. s, I).; Mr,,. A. \\. Dookstead-
0T. .J. I).; Mr... Ii. ,M. Walton, 8, S.:
Brt> J. J. St riot, .). S ; Bro, (i. W.
Griininef, Chap.; Bro. K. |<\ Aic
Qtteon, I). of C; Mio. (J. F. Lowes,
3uG.; Mro. K. A. Cameron. Tyler.
R. W. Mro. (Jreen was ablv assisted
by W. Mro's. Menard and J. C. Pitts
of Donald.
*1.00    j
Private   1
'a tit
Ills -I'.in
day, ex-
ijlllaive ol
expense  of |
>li\ .1
cmn  oi
���urgeoD nnd (
Headquarters for Miners.
Well st.uked bur in connection.
First class accommodations.   Boaril li.v the
lav or week.
.1. 1>. McLauohmn, President,
\V. L. Haio.KH, Secretary.
I ll.   W.   E,   Gii.M.M, Attendant Physician.
MissS. M. ClUSHOLM, Matron.
Wm g.uoiiit and P. II. Mubihy,Management Committee.
I. O. O. F.
L L B.
Barrister, Solicitor,
Notary Public, Etc.
The Direct Route From
To   All
B. C.
First Clas Sleepers on all Trains from
Tourist Cars pass Medicine Hat
Daily for St. Paul.   Sundays and
Wednesdays for Toronto,
Fridays for Montreal and Boston.   Same cars pass Revelstoke
one day earlier.
Meetings every Friday  Evening at 7:.S<) in
("jawlord's  Hall. Visiting   brethren  are
cordially invited to attend.
Secretary. Noble Grand.
Sleighs, Cutters, Teams and
Saddle Horses for Hire.
A. F. iV A. M.
Regular Communication held first Thursday in each month in Masonic. Hall at N P. M.
Sojbunning brethern are cordially invited to
Thomas Brown,
Barrister, Solicitor, Etc.
Notarv Public.
Lv. sandon Arr.
Established 1805.
Slocan Mines.
Mining Stocks bought and Sold. General
Agent for Slocan Properties. Promising
Prospects For Sale.
Daily to Points Readied via.
Daily except Sunday to Points
reached via Rosebery and Slocan City.
Tickets Issued  Through  and Baggage  Checked  to   Destination.
Agent, Sandon.
A. G. P. Agt., Trav. Pass. Agt.
Vancouver, Nelson.
Be sure   that your  ticket  reads  via the
The Roarinp, Game.
The first red hot game of the season
took place at the curling rink on
New Year's morning when the
President vs. Vice-President came
together with disastrous, results to
tbe Vice-President's rinks. The
score stood 37 to 22 in favor of the
President, consequently the curlers
smoke Tommy Brown'sHavanaa and
Bob Macdonald thowsbouqueta to the
men who helped him win it. Tin-
score stood as follows :
President vs. Vice President
McMillan Smith
Courtney Pleraon
Pitts Karr
Wilson-10 skips   Hood-12
Barron G. W. Oriimnott
McMartln Clark
I. Crawford Blown
M. I.. Oriuiinett-U A. Crawford���5
llagier Lilly
Cromm Fallows
McLaughlin Karr
Macdonald ���13 skips    Main��� 5
'Miners' Union Dance.
most enjoyable occasion, and it is to
be hoped that it will not be necessity
to wait for another New Year tor its
'A Snap Shot
���Molly" McCuire, of the Molly
Gibson mine, is the authority for the
story that a mountain lion was shot
at I'luhb's ranch, near Balfour, yesterday,by a hunter named Williams.
ltwasa huge beast, measuring ten
teet from tip to lip when laid out
after it had been pumped full of lead,
and was one of the biggest ever shot
in the province. It is stated that
several cougars have been seen lately.���-Nelson Miner.
The Cape Nome gold excitement
has seized a number of*Sandon residents and promises to waft them ��o
the land of the midnight sun. If the
conditions are not altered. Cape
Nome will demonstrate to the world
the soundness of the fundamental
principle of the single tax theory.
There is only one way to hold land
at Cape Nome���that is, to work it.
The ball given by the Union, on
New Year's night, outrival led anything of the kind attempted by that
organization heretofore, and exceed- \
ed the expectations of the most san
guine promoters, Over two hundred
people were oh the floor at one. time,
and from early evening until nearly
daylight next morning the floor waa
crowded. The opening march was
played by the Sandon Brass Band,
with *.R) couples in the procession.
After that the Sandon orchestra took
the musical programme in hand, and
not until 34 numbers had been danc
ed did the merry-makers disperse.
Financially the affair was also a success. The proceeds will be devoted
tu charitable purposes.
Cashed In.
Maurice Butternian, an old time
faro dealer, who las been on the
frontier tor many years, was found
dead In his bed at the Exchange hotel, on Wednesday morning, and the
indications point to suicide. Butter-
man. although a resident of the west
for many years, wabd native of Halifax, N. S., and was a "sport" of the
old school, one of the characters of
whom poets and fiction writers usually associate with western life and
scenes. It is probable that a run of
hard luck made Butterman despondent, and he decided to quit the long
and irksome game of life, and take a
gambler's chance on the next turn,
In the deal beyond the grave. Wo
was buried yesterday afternoon
Nevo Year's at Whitetoater.
Hnaj|(S|H!eial to the I'ay.struuk,)
On New Year's Day  the regular
Monday evening church service, was
held at Whitewater. A good number
ot tbe population of the town was
puesent and the special offering
amounted to $20, At six o'clock a
dinner was served in the house of
Mrs. I. Wright, and later in the
evening an entertainment in which
all took part was given, consisting ot
readings, solos, quartettes, choruses
and hot Speeches. The rest of the
evening, with a small part of the
morning hours of January 2nd also,
was devoted to games and other
amusements.    It  was  altogether  a
���-21 Pack Mules,
--<> Work Mules.
--4 Saddle Horses.
The advertiser is prepared to sell
these animals in one lot or in lots to
suit the purchaser. These are ex
cellent mules, in good condition,
well broken". They can be seen at
Sugar Loaf Ranch, Kamloops. The
advertiser can also furnish if desired
a pan joes, g cighs or wagons.
Reply to
P. 0. Box 765, Vancouver.
Laboring Men Attention.
Beware of all agents and advertisements tor the employment of men
in ihe Slocan country.
The trouble between Miners and
Mine Owners is not yet settled, ��.nd
you are requested to stav away. You
will he duly notified when matters
are adjusted.
Executive Committer,
Sandon Miners' Union.
Cigars. Tobaccos, Pipes,
Smokers' Sundries.
Cards and Chips.
Barber Shop
Bath House,
The Best
In Slocan.
In spite of the quiet times, the
"Old Time Grocery Firm" of
Is kept busy in selling and shipping goods.
Fine Groceries hv the carload arriving and more on the way.      Fine
fresh Vegetables of all kinds.      Fresh cooking and eating apples from
Ontario and Washington orchards. Car ot Hams and Bacon just In, all
Of Swift v* ("o/s tamed brands. Other toothsome delicacies on the Shelvt-S
and arriving.       Step in see for yourself.
Coal Heaters
STheAF9amouJor Cole's Hot Blast Heater.
Our claims for this Heater are that ll is adapted to anv kind of coal,
equally well.    lvindl> call and inspect our lines.
H. BYERS & Co.
1 haoe added to my regular stock the finest
line of FANCY GOODS that has ecer been
exhibited in Sandon. Ladies and Gentlemen's TRAVELLING CASES in Fancy Leather
Cotters. MIRRORS of the Most Stylish and
Latest Designs. The eery. Newest in NOTE
Just received from Toronto a Large assortment
of Beautiful Engagement and Wedding Rings.
A full line of Deuber Hampden, and Waltham Watcha
always in Stock. Every timepiece Guaranteed $o be
Exactly as Represented.
Geo. B. Knotoles, Watchmaker
These are the Prize Winners.
First Prize, No. 180, S. Whitmore.
Second Prize, No. HO, Mrs. J. H. Burton.
Third Prize, No. <$:*, Jus. LoverlQg, Three Forks.


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