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The Pacific Canadian Mar 17, 1894

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Vol. I.
No. 27.
\f ERCII ANT'S HOTEL, corner of McNeely
lYl    and  Columbia Streets.     Bost   Wines
and Cigars kept constantly on hand
CASH, Proprietor.
ROOM. Oysters fresh daily. All same
In season. Open day and night,. Meals at
all hours, First-class cusine. NoClihiuinen.
HARRY HUGHES, Proprietor.
GROTTO, HOTEL. This Houso lias hoen
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor solicits a share of public
patronage. MEALS, 26cents. Whltocooks.
11. It. SMALL. Proprietor.
rplIE TELEGRAPH HOTEL, Front street,
I opposite lo the Ferry Landing. Nothing hut Oholoostof liquors ami olgars. Telephone IBB., P. O. Box BO. IIOGAN BROS.,
EK'KOIT HOUSE, oorner Front and
Heglile Btreets, New Westminster. First
elass boirdniul lodging. Best wines, lienors
nnd eigurs supplied ut tlie liar. HUFF &
SWANBON, Proprietors.
tOOIDENTAL HOTEL, oorner Columbia
and Begbie Streets, New Westminster.
B.C. Rules for Board und Lodging: Per
duy, $1.01); pel- week. $5,511. Tbe best ol' Wine
Liquors und Uigurs dispensed ut tbe
.1. C. GltAY, Proprietor.
DEPOT HOTEL, Columbia Street, New
Westminster, The best $1.01) a duy bouse
In Canada. Tbe rooms are superior, and the
Hotul is well udupted to the needs of families,
to whom special rates are given. Hoard bv
the woek at reduced rates. P. O. BILODEAll,
One Dollar per Year.
The subscription price of this paper is
SI por annum. The Pacific Canadian
is tho only SI paper published in British
Columbia, and is certainly tho best
paper published for the money in any
of the western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper Is an educator, and no
family should bo without, one. Tho
Canadian Isdeslgned for a family paper,
and is always free of objectionable
matter. Every homo should have it.
Only 81  per year.
Fivrc cases of diphtheria are
in the citv.
^Parliament was for-
Thnrsday. We have
ssue   for   the .Speech
HOTEL DOUGLAS, eornor of Oolumbla
and MeKen/.lo Streets. Now Westminster. American and European plan. Shaving
Earlor attached, under tlie managoment of
'. Walker. Restaurant open duy and night.
Sample room forcommercials. A..I.TOLMIE.
Proprietor. Telephone 111.   P.O. Box 224.
THE HOLBKOOK noUSE, Front Streot,
New Wostmlnstor. This is tho popular
Hotel of the city. Airy and well furnished
rooms. Cusine department carefully supervised, and the dining tables supplied with
all the luxuries of tho soason. Banquets
spread to order. Late suppers provided at
short notice. Choico Wines, Liquors and
Cigars In the sample room. A. vACnON,
FOR Sale or exchange for property in B. 0.
One hundred acres of land in Manitouliu
Island���50 acres cleared, balance good hardwood and cedar. Four miles from county
town, 1 mile front school, good house, good
water, Title good. Adross. Suhsckibek.
Oflice Pacific Canadian.
Pure Bred Berkshire
Tho undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swino. has always on bund pigs of
all ages, which will be sold ut reasonable
prices.   Applv to
Cloverdale, B.C.
35 McKeuzIo street, New Westminster,
Clothes Cleaned, Repaired, Dyed.
Ladles' Dresses. Geuts' Suits and Overcoats
Cleaned, Dyed and Pressed Equal to new.
Gents' Clothes neatly repaired. Velvets,
Plush, Silks, Feathers or Gloves cleaned or
dyed. Sunshades, Black Silk Umbrellas,
Blankets, Slicep-skln Bugs, beautifully
cleaned or renewed in color.
��#-    Rubber Ooats   Dyed,   jgl
SPECIA LTY���Lace Curtains Cleaned or
Dyed In all the Latest Shades.
The  Dominion
inally opened on
not room iu  this  I
from the Throne. '���
Tiik Erie, a tug which bus been built
at tho old Mechanics" mill has been
launched. She is 75 fc-et over all with
11 feet.bonni, and !> feet depth of hold.
lier engines Indicate 75 h.o.
On Friday evening of last week a much
enjoyed dance took place at the residence
of Mr. A. Cameron. Lochiel. Over lifty
guests wero present, and dancing wus
kept up till Ti o'clock in the morning.
The weather during the week has
beon anything but pleasant, being cold
and wet. On Wednesday afternoon a
couple inches of snow fell, but melted
away again in a few hours. Vesterday
was fine. Farmers are. now anxiously
waiting for good weather to get on with
their spring work.
We have been requested to stato that
the social at Cloverdale, under the
auspiees of the ladles of thePresbytorian
Church, will be held on Thursday,March
23nd, instead of Tuesday, March 20th,
as stated on handbills. A large attendance Is expected to be present to enjoy
tho line programme that will bo provided.
A meeting of tho settlers of Lochiel
was held last week upon the return of
the delegate sent by them to Victoria to
represent to the Government tbe need of
a liberal expenditure ou roads, etc.. In
the 2% mile belt, otherwiso known as j
"No Man's Land." The report of the
delegate was listened to with interest
and gave good satisfaction.
Mns. Siname.n, mother of  Benjamin
There was not a great deal of business
done at the market yesterday. The
weather was line, and there was in consequence a good attendance of prospc-
tive buyers, but on the whole transactions wero slow. There was a fair
supply of produce in general, while of
potatoes thore is now a large quantity
on hand. Poultry continues in demand.
while eggs show a tendency to decline.
The, following quotations are as close as
can be arrived at:
j    Ducks, there was only unit on tho nnir-
' ket. and it brought 7.1 cents.     Chickens
and hens remain at SO per do/.
Butter, no to BO cents per roll.     Eggs,
i 22 to 25 cents per doz.
Pork, whole, 8 to 8.1.;  cents; cuts, 0 to
11 cents.
Beef,    foreqiiiirters,    8V:     hindquar-
i tors, S8.no; cuts, �� to 12 conts.
Mutton, SlJi cents by the carcase; cuts,
10 lo 12J cents.
Hay, $13 to $13 per ton.
Oats, $27 to $30 per ion. Wheat, $87
to $30.    Peas, a few arc held ut $85.
Potatoes, $10 to $20 per ton. Turnips.
$9; mangolds, 87; while carrots, SO; red
carrots, 810 to Sll; beets, IM cents per
lb.; cabbago, 2 cents; parsnips, 1\ cents
per pound.
Apples, $1.15 to $1.25 por box.
Correspondence Pacific Canapian.
Noticing that Clayton is seldom heard
from in your esteemed journal, I have
wondered why and have como to the
conclusion that it is on account of us
having such a modest class of settlers.
The farmers aro making ready for
spring work. Clearing, planting and
fencing is tbe order of the day, no hard
times out here, plenty of work and plenty
to eat and drink. With a bridge across
the Fraser and the Serpentine Canal
opened from her to N. Westminster wc
will send you plenty to eat and drink in
your city.
Great satisfaction is being expressed
hero with the interest James Punch,
M.P.P., has taken in our welfare In
urging the Dominion government to Improve the rivers in this district. It
would bo well if we had more such men
to look after our interests in both local
and Dominion Houses.
More in future.
Clayton, March 15, '04.
Correspondence Pacific Caiutdian.
The weather is wet and backward, preventing anything being done on the land
and Samuel Watkins, of Clayton, died at j beyond draining and fencing.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
AU ended to. ;
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received forOllley & Rogers'Coal.
Importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
54-7 Front St., New Westminster
the homestead at Clayton on Thursday,
at one o'clock, at the ripe old ago of 77
years. The old lady came here from
Nebraska four years ago. and took up
her residence with her sons. She had
been suffering for a long time with a
cancer on the neck, which linally resulted iu her death as above.
CROWDS of Chinamen were seen at the
comer of Lytton Square Monday afternoon, the excitement buing the arrest
by Deputy Sheriff Martin of four Chinamen for not paying rent for their
respective houses on Front street. The
oDicer convinced them that they must
pay up or be put, in tho lock-up so the
money was quickly raised and the Celestials depart ed.
A i.ahok number of fishermen nre Idle
just now, nol being able to procure
licenses. A number were issued at tbo
opening of the season, but instructions
wore forwarded from Ottawa to discontinue the issue until the new regulations
have been finally passed. Those who
obtained licenses are making fair pay
taking steelhe.ids, which havo been
bringing as niiirh as a dollar a lish.
Mit. Jas. AxuKiisox, manager of the |
Western Fisheries Co., returned home a
few days ago iroiu a business trip to
Eastern Canada and the old country,
whither he wen' to enlist capital far the
extension of the company's business. He
reports having practically secured capital to the extent of $100,000, and It is
expected that in a month or two the j
company will bo fully reorganized on the
larger basis.
Tiik family of Mr. Andrew Ramsay on
Hamilton street wero nearlv thrown into mourning on Monday afternoon, their
three-year old youngster having had a
very narrow escape from death. Whilst
playing around, the little one fell down
a well but succeeded in attracting the
attention of Its mother just in timo to
prevent Its being drowned. The child
had lost consciousness, but with the assistance of Dr. Hoggs It was restored to
Tin; Wostmlnstor Bar have formed
tbemsolvoi into an  Association   for the
purpose of dealing with the numerous
questions whioh are constantly arising
of Interest to tie profession. This step
has been long under consideration, and
every member of the local liar has enrolled as a membor of the Association.
The  lirst  office-bearers  are:   President.
A. .1. McColl, Q.o.j Vice-President, W.
Myers Gray; linn. Sec. Troas., il. M. N,
Woods; Committee, E. A. .lunns, Aula;
Morrison, I.. P. Eilksteln, J. VV. McColl
aud Alex. Itondorson.
Tun   officer!  and   members   of   the
Ladies' Orange benevolent Association,
Lodge .No. 13, hold their second meeting
of Ibis new Lodge on last Monday even-
The indications of the fruit crop for
this season are at this writing most excellent, all the standard varieties of
apples, plums, pears and cherries showing up well, the late frosts having
checked any premature development of
the fruit buds.
We understand there is a movement
on foot among the settlers of Hazelmere,
Hall's Prairie, Glenwood, Belmont and
Lochiel to secure an outlet on the coast
at White Rook for their produce, by
steamer connection either with Westminster, Vancouver, or Victoria. Thore
is a large amount of stuff now raised in
this neighborhood, but hitherto the
difficulty has been to reach a market for
it. There is no doubt but White Rock
is the natural outlet for the whole
valley, and as all the necessary conveniences exist, such as a wharf, otc,
(a passable road connecting all the
settlements mentioned) to make it a
must convenient and desirable shipping
point, the efforts of the settlers if suc-
ce'sslul should be, of mutual advantage
to all parties.
Thoro are several most desirablo
ranches improved to a greater or less
extent, that can be rented or purchased
at very low rates, and new settlers will
be heartily welcomed.
Tho work of clearing out the Anderson Creek in the llelmont settlement is
through for the present, and so far as it
extends the results are most gratifying,
all obstructions having beon removed.
The improvements so far executed having necessitated the expenditure of
several hundred dollars, and provided
tbo settlers with employment at a most
opportune time, when there was otherwise very little available. Tho completion of tho work will be deferred until
low wator, when it may possibly  bo ex-
add 20 gallons cold water, to this add tho
dissolved sulphate of copper and sufficient water to make 50 gallons altogether.
A good spray pump with line nozzle is
indispensable for applying the mixture
which must bo kept stirred, tbe object
being to deposit a thin coating of the
mixture upon overy part of the treo.
Tbe Iirst application must be. made before the blossoms open, a second after
the blossoms hayc fallen and a third two
or throe weeks later.
Tlnee applications are usually sulli-
cient, but if wet weather prevails, it is
desirablo to increase the number.
It must be borne In mind that this
treatment is preventative, and It should
be thoroughly carried out to prevent the
spores of the fungus from establishing
themselves on thu fruit, leaves and uther
parts of the trees. The lirst sprayings
are thu most important.
The spores pass tbe winter on affected
fruit, fallen leaves, etc., and care should
bo taken to have all such removed and
destroyed hefore Spring opens.
I wish to urge upon all fruit-growers
tbo Importance of attending to these,
diseases, it is a matter directly affecting their pockets, as it
demonstrated that careful spraying in
manner  indicated,   done at   the   right
wards building the Watson road according to the  agreement  signed   by   Mr.
Rybus and Mr. Watson.
The Council then adjourned till Satur-
Corrcsnondence of Paoific Canadian.
During the past winter ono of tho livo
and enthusiastic institutions of this Pro I day 17th inst.
vince has been  the Otter Literary and ;    Ladners, 10th March, '94.
Debating Society.   Many were the pleas- ������ ���
ailt evenings   spent   In   the    practice   of The Canadian Magazine for March.
song and elocution, and Interest, earnest The Canadian Magazine for March is
and   keen,   was  ever  evidenced  when throughout entertaining, and it contains
Greek encountered Greek in the arena of several striking articles equal in interest
debate.    Put owing to  the lengthening ; to any in  current  magazine  literature
days and the removal  of  some of our rn fact it may be said that the magazine!
citizens,    the society has adjourned Sim which begins   its  second   yoar  with the
die,    Its meetings wound up on theeven- current number, has attained a position
Ing of March 7th, with an enthusiastic
debate on the Chinese question. It was
resolved: I'liat the Chinese are dotrl-
uientnl to the interests of this Province.
John McDonald (not ihe late Sir John)
led the affirmative with his accustomed
vigor. \\. MoDonagb, our pedagogue,
bandied the cue far tbo Celestials. The
affirmative was supported by keen bud
logical discourses by Messrs. Robinson,
Warner, Popov and Thomson. The
negative was abiy assisted by Mossrs.
Graham, Blair and McColm. Thedebate
was well contested by both sides ami
many telling strokes wore made, but the
has been fully ] climax of the interest of the evening win
readied when the hist speaker for tlie
affirmative waved   his  right   band   aud
time, will save the greater part of theIroared into eloquence.   Mr. John Tn0m-|
fruit in good condition, clean and bright, J son (this is not the honorable Premier of
and will Increase the size of the fruit.
R. M. Palm eh.
Provincial Inspector of Fruit Pests.
Maister Editor:
"It's an ill wind that blaws uaebody
guid," sae rins the auld proverb, and sae
It proved to be tae an auld male that
had been turned oot tae leeve or dee list
as it liked, and wha made his name at
tbe foot o' Woodward's hill on tho Mud
Bay road. Tbe guid luck cam' in this
way: a rancher cam' doon to Welch's tae
buy some hay ao day last week. He put
on aboot five hunner weight and started
up the hill for hame. He hadna gaon
far, hooover, when his horses took a notion that they had ower muckJe o' a
load on, an' faith they stopped, and a'
the expostulation that the ranches' could
use tae them horses was nae use. Even
the eloquence o' a Gladstone would ha'e
heen null and void���they had simply
ta'on it Intae thoir heeds that they wero
nae gang tae haul that load that nicht
ony way, aud sae, after rnuckle abuse,
he had tae unhitch thom frae tho wagon
and gang hame. lake the carrion bird
that scents its prey frae afar, the mule
was aye tae be found in the rear o' the
load a hay or close by somewhere, an'
sae when the rancher was oot o' sight,
he cam' up tao the wagon, an' wi' tears
o' joy streamin' down 'his chaffs, raised
his eyes tae heaven (ho had tae dae that
ony w:y, tae get at the hay, yo ken), an'
started tn tae enjoy the repast that. Providence had furnished. In the mornin'
when the rancher cam' for his load, the
de'il a stem o' hay was left, and the auld
mule, lookin' liko j, city alderman, cantered doon'the hill wi' a twist in his tail
and a look in his e'e as much as tae say,
"Thank ye for the next; a'm sure o'
that ane."
We're ha'eing quito an immigration to
oor gate end lately. We've had nae less
than three families, twa at tbe .Nicomekl
bridge and ane at Cloverdale. A' tell 'e
tbo Bridge is gaun to knock the spots off
tho latter place if they dinna hustle.
An' they say that Morton Bros, are gaun
tae. start the saw mill again ; an' there's
anlther man, a Maister McMillan frae
Vancouver, coinin' tao open oot a store,
build a wharf on tho river, buy in a'
kinds o' produce, an' ship by the river
tae that city. Tiler's quite a lot o' improvements gaun on, tae. Maister Williams is busy ditchin' an' drainin' his 40
acres, Waltnsley and Bryant are finishing baleing their hay preparatory tae
getting at their tatties, Mrs. Hornby an'
her family ha'e ta'en possession o' .Jamie
Broon's hoose and aro busy ptittin'
things to right roon' the place. Maister
Ludlow, oor genial storekeeper, is putting in 80acres, tae; then there is Maister Hill wha is gettin' his plot o' Ian'
into guid shape for crop; also, at Cloverdale, .loe Shannon is still tnggin' awa'
at the auld farm, despite a' the sellin'
business; Maister Robinson lias rented
tho McDonough place for anlther year,
and Is gaun to crop it; Maister Richmond, oor municipal clork, Is reported
as ha'eing bocht twa lots north o' .lobule
Breon's the shoemaker, tae build a store;
tended so as to removo the heavy beaver j j0hn Starr Is ptittin'in  bis spare time
dams above the
Anderson or Glenwood
Wanted���a position as short-hand and
typo writer. Lawyer's office preferred.
Reforencos furnished.    Apply,
A. Ii., care Pacific Canadian.
Fruit Culture.
The Canadian Is indebted to Mr. R.
M. Palmer, Provincial Inspector of Fruit
Pests, for tho folllowing paper, which
will no doubt be of interest to many of
our readers:���
(I'ltxieliifliiitii   iliiitlriili-um  anil.    I'ltsiclai/tuin
Theso fUtlgOUS diseases are  becoming
very prevalent In tha Province, aauslng
the well-known sciibhy spots on the fruit,
also attacking the young shoots and
leaves, a largo proportion of ihe fruit ou
badly Infested   trees   being   useless   ami
unsaleable.   Tbe disease iirst n ppears ou
the leaves In the shape of smoky greenish spots, which gradually enlarge and
ofen run together, forming blotches.
becoming black later on. The affected
fruit is generally dwarfed and the quality
ing iu their Loilge-room, Johnston's Hall I mucu Impaired, sometimes cracking them
Sapperton.   Aftor the Lodge was opened j ?'"'" ,""1 becoming altogether worthies.-
on that 20 acres he bocht frae Fisher the
; Banker. On the prairie, the twa Eug-
1 lishnion that had Lish Pickard's place
I rented lust year, ha'e bocht -10 acres frae
Hub FallOWlleld, which they Intend tae
put in Imps, ami also tae build a hoose
j ou Ibis summer.
A'm  unco  glad  lite  tell   ��e  that  the
diphtheria Is nae spreading. A' sincerely hope we ha'e got It checked for good
this time.
Canada), gathered up tho past, present
lind future and hurled them at the
audience in a manner that would turn
a U.S. Senator grcon with envy. By the
magic of his eloquence there passed in
vivid hues before us our depleted coffers,
our idle citizens, our polluted nation,
and the Mongolian barrier warding oil
desirable Immigration from our shores.
His picture of the probable future was
tos sad and real to be dwelt, on. After a
brief summing up of tbe case by the
leaders, tbe jury gave their decision iu
favor of the affirmative, much to tho
gratification of tbe victors.
It is with general regret that this
society must suspend its meetings, as it
has accomplished a vast Improvement in
tho oratory of the neighborhood.
The famous Snow-ball Minstrel troupe
will perform in Otter on tho evening of
Friday, March 23rd, under the auspices
of the C.O.O.F., M.U. After the performance of the minstrels the sociability of
the Otters will manifest itself In the form
of a ball.
Mr. Geo. Blair has resigned his position on tho Langley Council, and is going
up higher���iuto the interior of tho Province. Mr. Blair will bo remembered as
a popular and genial citizon, and ho carries with him the best wishes of his
many Otter friends.
Otter, B.C., March 12, '04.
amongst tho very bost published, a fact
whicli receives ready recognition bj
foreign journals. Amongst tho contributions in the current number is a remarkable article by Mr. Arthur Harvej
on "A Physical Catastrophe to America."
Tho wrltor ingeniously brings the cataclysmic theory to his aid In picturing *
change beginning in 1804, wliich culminates In the raising of tbe Atlantic seaboard, the destruction of Chicago nnd
tin- permanent submergence of tlie Mis-
I Sisslppl, lied and Nelson valleys lu ocean
! waters. The Industrial, social and poll-
1 tii-ul changes consequent ou the cat-
I itelysm arc not less interestingly described than the physical convulsions preceding them. Dr. John Ferguson contributes
a strong and interesting article In favor
of the abolition of the " Deatii Penalty."
Among the illustrated articles is Mrs. IS.
Molson Spragge's "The Garden of British Columbia," Dr. Bryce's exceedingly
entertaining and well written article on
"Mexico and Its Peoplo," and Faith Feu-
ton's charming description of "The Winter Carnival at Quebec." Amongst other
contributions aro "Vancouver and Hawaii," by Rev. II. H. Gowen; "Canadian
Art Schools," by J. A. Radford; " 'Brummagem' Jewelery," by Bernard McEvoy;
"The Canadian Premier and the United
States President," by John A. Cooper;
"Lenten and Easter Observances." by
Thos. E. Champion; "Milestone Moods
and Memories," by David Boyle, and two
excellent stories. The Canadian Maga-
zlno is published by the Ontario Publishing Co., Limited, Toronto, for $2.50 per
Council met Saturday, March 10.
tho members present.
Minutes of previous meeting adopted
as read.
The following communications were
read nnd disposed of:
From J. McLean re. overflow of water
from road ditch over his land. Referred
to the Board ot Works with power to
From Alex. Philip re. Mr. Stride's
loan, stating that the principal had
boen paid and asking that the mortgage
bo released. Received, and the Reeve
and Clerk directed to release the mortgage upon payment of the interest.
Bills were ordered paid as follows:
John Smith, bounty on noxious animals,
25 conts; Donald Austin, removing troes
from road, $1; Geo. Mouldie, removing
trees from road, 81.25; C. C. White, putting in culvert, $5; H. S. Campbell, on
noxious animals, SI.25 ; R. 1). Irvine,
part payment for making assessment for
1804, 875; commissions ou collections,
$2.50 ; one month's salary as clork.
��12.50; postage and stationery. 89.61.
Councillor Morrison gave notice that
he would introduce a revenue by-law at
the next meeting of the Council.
After the transaction of some minor
business the Council then adjourned.
The Council met. Present���The Reeve
and Couns. Arthur, Goudy, McKeo and
The minutes of last meeting were
adopted as read.
The communication from Messrs. Eckstein & Gaynor for T. 10. Ladner re
Green road was laid over till next meeting.
Tho Council agreed to furnish Mr. It.
McKee with the lumber and nails for a
culvert to be placed across the Trunk
road at the Matheson road end.
The communication from II. Elliot .t
Co. re remission of taxes on Annacls Island was referred to tho Reeve and
Coun. McKee to report at next meeting.
The  Savar,/ Island Tragedy and other
News from the North.
By the steamer Danube three Indians,
two Kiwashus and a klootch wero
brought down by Special Provincial
Officer Bledsoe, on suspicion of knowing
something about the Savary Island tragedy, the particulars of which are
still fresh in the minds of most people
here. Officer Bledsoe has been up
North investigating rhe matter for some
time, and attended a potlach on a
small island called Quanisonta, near
Alert Bay, at which he gained information warranting him to arrest the three
Indians. They rejoice in the following
names: Chief Susuquatlas, riown.Man-
malla and Seaploutaata. his klootcb.
They are committed by Government
Agent Pitcock. at Alert Bay, and they
will be tried In Victoria. The genoral
opinion up North concerning Hugh Lynn
is that he too was murdered, as nothing
has been seen of blm.
By tbe Danabo a man named E.Black-
stone, who has recently arrived here
from Kansas, and has been prospecting
in that country, was a passenger. He
fell off the wharf at Alert Bay, and striking a boulder, broke his thigh. The limb
was set temporarily, and ho was taken
to the hospital for treatment. A lunatic
was also brought down tills trip.
Several cannery men came down this
trip, amongst them being Mr. R. Woods,
manager of the Naas River cannery,
which has been shut dowu, Mr. Dranoy
and Mr. W. II. Skilleu. Mr. George
Barnes, bettor know as "Barnes of
New York," was also a passenger, his
business being in connection with tbe
sale of the Gardner's Inlet cannery.
A heavy snow fall has been experienced throughout the country this
Mr. T. Mulr expects to have his saw
mill built shortly at Smith's Inlet.
Mr. J. A. Carthew has resigned tho
position of manager of tbe Claxton cannery, and intends to put up a salmon
Samiii: MiLaiioan
A dastardly attempt was made last
Tuesday morning to blow up the house
of Mr. Sharp, Assistant Superintendent
of tho Wellington mines. After tho explosion, which occurred about 8 o'clock
in the morning, a piece of pipe, about 18
inches Ions- was found under the veranda
that had evidently been loaded with
giant powder. The windows and veranda were damapel, but mo t of the force
of the explosion was spent on the lawn.
Nobody was hurt and but little damage
was done. Mr. Sharp Is generally esteemed and no one can account for the
outrage.    The affair caused great ex-
     [Oltement.   The Government has tillered
following bills were ordered paid:  a reward of 81,000, and  the DunsmulrS
^^^^^     ^^^ of the
its havs
Messrs.  Cor-
I'KTKIt   VVatZBN,   a   young
^^^^^_^_^^^^^_^ UP<
and somo of the general business transacted, then- were live candidates duly
advanced to the. flr8t degree and had
their names added to the roll of membership. It was decided that the Lodge
moot for the future on the second anil
fourth Mondays In each month; and it
was also passed that they hold a box
social on Monday evening, 20th Inst.,
and thoy therefore entered au invitation
to all their friends to be present on the
occasion as a good timo is expected.
charged with pointing a revolver at Alex.
Douglas, a Siwash. Mr. Learny appeared for tbe prisoner and asked ilis Worship not to impose the full limit of the
law as it was an exceptional ease. Douglas wns put in the witness box and testified that on Sunday last the prisoner
pointed a pisiol at him, and hit him
three times with a club while under the
Influence of liquor. Watzeu denied having hit Douglas but said being drunk at
the timo he may havo pointed the pistol
at him. lie was tined $10 without costs,
but not being able to pay it was locked
up for 30 days.
R. Gray, 82; J. Jordan, 80;
bould and McColl,.825.
The report  of tbo  committee  re   E.
Goudy'seontract was received and his bill
man,   was I ordered paid.
8500 additional lor the conviotloi
guilty parties, hut so fur no am
boon made.
Several Hv-laws were finally passed as
The rules of order were suspended and
tho Highway By-law, 1804, wus read
throe times.
The communication from Mr. A. Phillip re advertising in the News-Advertiser
was received and he was requested to
quote rates.
A resolution was passed that all contracts lot during the current year must
The mystery surrounding ihe fate of
tho schooner Mary Ilrowu. whioh sailed
from Alaska for Victoria upwards of
three months ago. and which was the
object of a search hy the United States
revenue cutter Wolcott quite recently,
has at last been solved. If is all hut curtain tIntl. tho unfortunate vessel, in trying to make the inner passage around
Graham Island, was caught in one of
tiio storms so frequent in that locality,
and all  hands perished.    Direct inform-
1 Immense numbers of spores or seeds are
produced ou   these blackened   spots of
leaves and fruit, forming freely during
'cool wet weather, and these spores arc Halifax, N;8., March 15.���The latest
'spread about by the wind and other bulletins received from the different pol-j
I agencies and reproduce the fungus. HpB stations for the Provincial elections, i
The best remedy we  have.  Is  what  is  give the Government 24 members and thb
known as  Bordeaux   Mixture,   mado  as j Opposition 14.
follows: Dissolve i lbs. sulphate of cop-1    Clinton, Ont,, March  13.���Mr. Joseph
per (bluestonc) In 4 gallons hot wator In | Whitehead,  at  one   time M. P. P.   for
an earthen or wooden vessel. In
another vessel slake 4 lbs. fresh lime
with 4 gallons hot water and strain,then
North Huron, and well known as a railway contractor, diod hero yestorday,
aged 81.
bo completed within the time specified at atlon establishing almost conclusively
the letting of the contracts, and that the. loss of the Hrown, has been received
bonds in all cases must he furnished to In privato letters from the Skociia one
the amount of 25 percent, of tho contract giving particulars which render it lm-
price. Bondsmen to be approved by the possible to doubt the accuracy of the
Council. , nows.   Tho wrecked vessol had a croW
ihe Clerk was instructed to  have tho  of six and there wero  three passengers
cemetery lot registered and  to  lind out,' ������	
the probable cost of staking out the aero ^ 0n Sunday afternoon John Walker, of
cleared. South Saanich, had tho misfortune to
Tho Clork was instructed to liavo Mr.   kill his littlo child and seriously infitro
Duncan Gilchrist sign  tho specification  uls w|f�� while unloading his gun.
for   tho wharf   and  extension  of   tho i  . ,
Oliver road. |    Invest a dollar in a year's subscription
Tho sum of 8100 was appropriated to- to tho Canadian.   It will pay. NEW   WESTMINSTEE,  fcEITISH  COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 17, 1894
Job Printing.
This Department of the
Is one of the
In the Province.    The presses are good and the type modern,
with no end of variety.
Commercial   Printing
Is exactly in our line, and we can turn out
Bill Heads,
Letter Heads,
Note Heads,
Memo Heads,
* Circular s,
And every thing in that line in a way that will give satisfactio n
to our patrons.
Fly Sheets;
Fvery thing in short in the line ol Job   Printing is  welcome
irrist to our mill.
We Charge the Prices Current in  the   City, and
Guarantee l<> give Satisfaction.
Job Printer.
It Has One Hundred Moving Figure* and
Characters and Took Its Iurentor and
Maker Seven Long Years to Construct���
The Clock In Detail.
Recently there was shipped from Portland, Ind., to the midwinter fair from
this place a specimen of Hoosier work
which will excito the admiration of all
who may see it, for the patienco and
ingenuity manifested in its construction. It was the one-hundred-year astronomical, historical and scriptural
clock, made by Robert H. Sipes, in constructing whicli he challenges tlie world
for originality, unique features and
number of scenes and moving figures.
The clock is thirteen feet high and
nine feot wide, witli a cubo of polished walnut. The main dial is two
feet in diameter and gives both sun
and standard time, also the days of
the month. On its face are a number of smaller dials. One gives the day
of tho week, another shows the origin of
the days by the plane':, appearing as
thoy were named in the second century,
when tho mode of reckoning time by
weeks wus adopted. On Saturday Saturn appears, Sunday the sin, Monday
the moon, tc. Another points out important past events, fixed 5aj a that are
most observed by the churches, anil the
so called unlucky days each month, as
Die ancients respected them. Other
small dials show the time of the rising
and setting of the sun; the four cardinal
points; the moon's phases, increasing
and decreasing, and the moon's ago in
days nnd quarters. An ocean scene,
with indicator attached, gives the tides,
and their proportional height can be,
seen at any time the clock is in operation.
The largo dial exhibits a table of mortality, showing the proportion of deaths
based on a calculation of 1.0,000 persons.
Two more diminutive dials are yet to be
mentioned, both on the large one. The
iirst is a key to set the clock for leap
year, or in case it loses time by being
stopped, and tho other is tho one from
which the name is taken, and points out
tho ruling planets from 1870 to 1975.
Delow the large dial is a small one
giving the difference in time at the
principal cities of the world when it is
13 o'clock at Washington, B.C. The
solar system is represented by the earth,
sun and moon, the center being a fixed
sun, the larger ball the earth, and the
smaller one by'its side the moon. The
earth revolves around the sun, keeping
pace with the solar time dial on the
largo dial, and the moon revolves
around the earth ir. unison with the
moon dial, showir.a the months of the
year, winter, spring, summer and autumn and the Bolsvice*.
On top of the ole ok is a fignre representing Sir Isaac New ton taking views
through Ms telesoope, which changes
position on the quarter of the hour.
Upon either hand aro the battlemented
towers of an ancient castle. To the
right'Of the dial are thiee sate of moving figures. Tbe first is Gen. Washington reviewing his army; the second the
presidents of the United States in the
order in which they were elected -,ud
tho third the ancient mode of capital
punishment is shown by the death of
Mary Stuart by the axe.
On the left are also three sots o'' "sr-
ures. The first, or uppermost, thows
tlie flight of time, with the four seasons
of the year; in the second the heroes of
1776 pass before a ' are honored by a
bow aud wave of the hand iroiu the
Goddess of Liberty, with the exception
of the traitor Benedict Arnold, who goes
unnoticed. The lower one is a tableau
scene picturing tbo fondness of the
elephant for children There are two
Bets of figures, pbove and below the
main dial, which are scriptural in character; in one an upright figure keeps
time to the music with its hands, while
Vulcan, kneeling down, strikes the
hours on an anvil with his hammer.
This clock has 10C moving figt res and
characters, and its music boxes play
eighteen different pieces. Robert h.
Sipes, its builder, is forty-nine years old.
He spent seven years working on 'lis
great masterpiece. He was brought up
to the trades of sculpturing and wood-
carving.��� Indianapolbi News.
Chillis'   Advlci   In n Girl,
The late George. W. Chllds onco said
to a girl from the West who wi it to him
with letters and the In ue of getting sufficient influence to do something in thu
arable field of journalism-:
"Little woman, if yo.' op.n do something, go ahead and do it. The world is
hungry for something n.iw. It is an
omnivorous creature, lm it cts a
change, constantly Kejp as quiet as
you can. Keep out of men's way as
much as you can, 'or i; ir, trespassing to
go on private property Keep yourself
i a good health, good upiritS and good
clothes, nnd don't tr> :o be a good fellow
or one of the boys. Bave half of your
earnings. Ho to church. Be agreeable
but reserved, and If .si une honorable man
offers yon his name and his protection,
give it all up, marry him and devote
your energies to hum making.
"The business world is no place for a
woman. It is a rough place, and people
have to get rough to succeed in it. I
know hundreds of gentlewomen in bnsi
ness, but they always see ni tome liko
goiuK fishing in a dress suit   nnd   white
gloves,   Exquisite fabrics are not intended for rough and ready wonr."
SI lib  KiuIh <>f Thought.
With Cupid salary i? no object.
Cynicism is one of the shadows which
experience casts.
The heart is no philosopher.
An ounce of a woman's intuition is
better than a pound ol her reason.
We always better 'uirselves by forgetting ourselves.
What a flower enjoys, it -'��� i* to the
world in color and perfume.
What a girl thinks, a woman rrould
like to.
Melody is tho som of music, as harmony is its body.
(Jive some people an  ell   nnd  they'll
take all the rest of the alphabet.
A New   luvuiitloji.
A "damp detector" ir the latest invention to make miserable tho traveler's
life. It is a silver trinket, not unlike a
compass in appearance. At the back
are small holes in the silver, through
which the damp passes and moves th��
needle until it points to the word
"damp." By tho nid ui this unairod
sheets can be detected.
Without Ai-mn
A woman without arms was recently
married in New Zealand    Tho ring was
placed upon the fourth toe of her left
The   Oft timet   Query,   What   la It. Fully
Of the thousands who drink cocoa few
know exactly how and where it is ob
tained. From an article in Good Housekeeping on the subject we take the following description:
It is a popular error that cocoa and
the cocoanut are in some way related���
an error which is due to the similarity
of the names, jbut.to no other property iu
common. Cocoa is the product of the
seeds of trees of the genus Theobroma���
signifying "food of tbe gods." The trees
are natives of the tropical portions of this
I continent, though they now grow, by
; cultivation in some of the low latitudes
i of the Eastern hemisphere, At tho time
i of the discovery of Yucatan, it is said
the Indians were using the seeds as
' money, while in Mexico, when it was
first visited by the Spaniards, the
Aztecs made from them a beverage
which thoy called choeolute ��� whence
the modern name of chocolate. The
first writer to state these facts was the
Spanish explorer, Capt. Gonzalo Fernandez de (Iviedo y ValdeB, who wro>a
about the middle of the sixteenth century regarding the origin of the new
beverage, whicli was at, that time first
attracting attention in somo of tho
European countries.
There arc several species of the genus
Theobroma. the most valuable of whicli
is thu Theobroma cacao, which is fre
quently spoken of as the cocoa tree, in
distinction from other members of the
genus. This tree is extensively cultivated in the countries lying near the
equator on this continent, and has l.e, i.
introduced with success into similar
latitudes in Asia and Afrioa, It usually
grows to a height of some twenty feet,
though occasionally attaining thirty or
thirty-five feet. The trunk grows in a
straight stent to the height of from six
to ten teet, when it divides into
numerous branches. Tho fruit of the
tree ripens twice a year, and may be
compared to a cucumber in shape, being
six to ton inches iu length, red on side
most exposed to the sun, and yellow elsewhere. Tho rind is hard and warty,
enclosing a sweetish, pleasantly flavored
pu'p, embedded in which are about
twenty beans, the sizo of large almonds,
each cf which is inuosed in a thin, red-
dish-lrowu scale or skin, which when
broken and separated from the inner
bean or kernei forms the cocoa shells of
commerce, whicli are often usod in
the preparation of a very mild and
healthful beverage. The tree attains its
full vigor and productiveness when
seven or eight years old, and will yield
a satisfactory crop for perhaps twenty
years or more. The average yield of ii
tree is from twenty to thirty pounds or
dried beans in a year.
The ripened pods are gathered twice a
year, and after being picked from the
tree are allowed to lie and ferment for
some five or six days, being kept in
earthen vessels or piled in heaps on the
ground. They arc then opened by hand,
tho seeds are removed from the pulp ami
dried, either by tho sun or artificially.
Thero is another method, not so agree
able in contemplation, but which is sai I
to yield an even better quality of cocoa.
In that case the fruit is buried in the
ground till the pulp has decayed, whon
the seeds aro dug out and the" product is
sold as cacao terre.
When Hands aro a Drawback.
"It is a well-known fact," said a citizen.
'that men not habitually accustomed
to waaring evening dress sometimes find
difficulty in disposing of their hands lo
their entire satisfaction ; indeed, it take-
a "blooded" uian to know what to do
with bis bauds and to be able tu forgei
them. Tiie uran with his bauds behin i
his back is a familiar figure; und it, is a
en.tons fact that, upon the signs whirl
i n may see in various parts of the tow.
announcing dress suira for s���Ie or lo hii >
and displaying the figure of a man ii
evening dress the man ;s almost ulwuj
represented ".* ith one or both hands 1 ������
hind bis bade; oven upon lnose public,
canv.tsi' i v hlie the man's face is bold,
his hands aro shy. This seems almost a
pity. U may bn'that tho painters an
moved by a subtle sympathy with tin
generality of mankind, or by tlie facl
that the human hand is npretty difficnl".
thingtopai.it; but it stems as thoiuth.
both, for art's sake and far the public instruction, they should give to the lnui:
on canvas (he appearance and the bear
ing of a trained society man."���New
York Sun.
Bolglntl Marriage Certificates.
In Belgium it is the custom to give
certificates of marriages in the form of
little Looks with paper covers. These
books, which are often produced in
course of law proceedings, and are taken
in evidence, are apt to become dirty arid
dog's-eared. Tbe burgomaster of Brus
sols, has therefore, hi: upon a new plan.
Henceforth e charge will In made fer
the books, which will honestly bound
in morocco and gilt-edged. They wid
be somethimr more than a mere certificate. A summary of Hoc an law on the
married state :s given iu tbem for tho
use of young couples, and among a mass
or other miscellaneous information arc
directions for thu fee lingaud care of infants. There arc also places for entering
the names and birthdays of tin- children
of the marriage, the authorities considerately affording spneo for twelve
such entries, To poor persons tho books
will be itf.-ed free of charge, One of
the two c.i i I'nrs wns in favor of add
ing directions for obtaining a divorce,
but it is need let's to say bis suggestion
was not adopted.
An Ungrateful 'lonelier,
i Littlo Boy���Thev won't e 'or get me to
give another ten cents toward a pwmt of
a bunk for the lonelier.
Mother���IA hat went wrong?
Little Boy���Wo gut the pr noipal to select une on- her, and ho picked out one
that was just crowded full cf Information,
and alioS been teaching it tu us over sinoo.
Qulok Work.
A report snvs that Sir An hur Sullivan
recently stn. 'k a million notes ou a
piano in eight hours as the result of a
challenge. The method of computation
employed and the condition of tiie piano
and Sir Arthur after the performance
was over are not. given.
Alumiuiiim .Vet Co-   .'licelcs.
Thomas A. Edison, t be great electrician, says aluminium will uot fill the bill
as the best metal for tbe construction
of bicycles, owing to its softness. It is
light, but lucks strength He thinks
I nickel steel is tbe metal of the future.
Tho Swiss Good-Night.
Among ihe lofty mountains and elevated valleys of Switzerland, the Alpine
horn has another use besido that of
sounding the far famed Hanz des Vaches
or Cow Song, and this is of a very solemn and impressive nature.
When the sun has set in the valleys,
and the snowy summits or tho mountains gleam with the golden light, the
herdsman, who dwells upon the highest
Inhabited spot, takes his horn, and pronounces clearly and loudly through it as
through a speaking trumpet, "Praise
the Lord God!" As soon as the sound
is heard by the neighboring herdsmen,
they issue from their lints, take their
Alpine horns and repeat the same words.
This frequently lasts a quarter of an
hour, and the call resounds from all the
mountains and rocky cliffs around.
All the herdsmen kneel and pray with
uncovered heads.
In the meautimo it has become quite
dark. "Good-night I" at last calls the
highest herdsman through his horn.
"Good-night!" again resounds from all
tho mountains, the hornB of the herdsmen and rocky cliffs. Tho mountaineers then retire to their dwellings and to
The Educated Hoosier Cockroach.
While a gentleman was at his office
deBk a day or two ago one of theso disreputable insects ran across the paper
on which he was writing. He flipped it
against ihe wall witb his finger and it
bounded back on tlie desk, lighting upon
its back. It remained uiuiionless for
some time, until it recovered from tho
shock, and then endeavored to get upon
its feet again, but in vain, Smaller
roaches passed by their prostrate brother, withoul noticing it, but u larger one
came along pretty soon, Btoppou, went
over to the one that lay npon its back,
Straddlod across it, and, giving it a
quick jerk with its forelegs, landed it
deftly upon its feet, and the two disap-
Seared together over tho edge of  the
esk.���Indianapolis News.
A Scientific unci.   Number.
. Railroad men say the iron axle is a
back number. No hot boxes occur
where those of steel aro used.      -
Armies and Education.
Italy expends every year $86,000,000
for her soldiers, aud less than $4, 000,000
for schools. In Spain it costs $100,000,-
000 to maintain the army, and onlv
$1,500,000 to educate the children; btit
then, it is tlie exception to find a Span
ish farmer who is able to read or write.
Germany boasts of being in tho foremost rank among the nations in the
Kultnrkampf of the world; yet she ex
pends $185,000,000' on her army, while
$10,000,000 is deemed sufficient for the
education of her children. France
maintains an army at the expense of
$151,000,000 and supports her schools
with $21,000,000.
An Electric Gat)Ing Gun.
An electric motor   attachment   has
been applied to tho Gatling gun whicli
promisee not only to  more than double
the destructive capabilities of that par
ticular  machine,  but to effect a great
advance in the efficiency of all machine
guns.   The motor is detachable, is of one
horsepower, is very small, weighingbu
a trifle over fifty pounds, and is placeu
in the breech of the gun, amply protect
od.    The motor   increases the present
rate of firing,   1,200 shots a minute to
more than 3,000 shot', a minute.
I They Are Net Spider  Webs and They Are
Used to Cure Asthma.
The "cobweb cure" for asthma has occasioned a great deal of comment
throughout the countrv. The family in
Wooster, O., who effected the cure of a
daughter by this peculiar remedy,
thought they owed it to the public to
mako the caso known, never expecting
that the publication of the matter would
cause them to be deluged with letters
inquiring about the alleged cure. At
lirst Ihe family undertook to answer inquiries, but when the letters reached
hundreds daily the head of the household, who is engaged in other business,
found it would require the entire
time of himself and family to
attend to the large correspondence. So he had circulars printed in wliich he gave particulars oi the
method aud for these he charges u fee,
in order to limit in some measure the
number of inquiries. He charges one
dollar for three "cobweb pills," and in
: peaking of the matter, said "I have to
crawl around garrets and all sorts of
dirty places to get tho webs. I then
have ;o clean them. AU this takes
time, and I feel if it is not worth a
dollar it is not worth a cent. Then
there is the matter of discerning the difference between 'spiders' webs' and cobwebs. I hu'vu beard from a number of
people, who undertook to cure themselves
that they were made very sick through
I he poison of spiders' webs, which they
thought the same as cobwebs. It is
L'eucrally thought that a cobweb is n
tlo8srtod spider's web. An authority
says that a cobweb is not a spider's web.
Although Webster and the Century dictionary havo it defined as such, the
authority claims that both have made
mistakes. A cobwob, says this writer,
is formed in some manner as yet
unexplained, by tho adhesion of
particles of impalpable filiating dust
apparently self coherent, Mid tho ro-
sult is a veil like web without any
approach to regularity of form, therein
differing from the true spider's web.
The cobweb is many times heavier than
a spider's web and is never occupied by
a Bpider or any other insect. It is most
frequently found in rooms that have
long been darkened and are slightly
damp, and generally has several filamentous pendants of varying length. It
is never fastened across space from one
point to another, but is invariably pendulous. The writer warns people against
the danger of taking spider's webs, as
he says many cases of serious illness
have resulted from swallowing them.
While this authority may be correct, it
is very difficult to make people believe
that the cobweb is not made by a
spider or some other insect. Ono man
told me that the substance of the cobweb is vegetable." The Wooster case
of asthma, which, by the way, is the
only case upon which the alleged cure
is founded, was cured by three pills.
Cobwebs have been taken internally for
other diseases. It is considered by sous
an unfailing specific for ague, '."he
danger of making a mistake in administering spiders' webs for cobwebs should
cause peoplo to bo careful in tbo nso of
this novel remedy.��� Pittsburg Dispatch.
An Awful Keren   u nuts.
A million acres of forest are out down
every year to supply European railway
companies with ties.
What  It Has   If Artistic.
The artistic hand has a large thumb,
with taper fingers, often crooked and always pointed.
When  Tin  anil  Copper Wns  Money.
In the year 1030 England coined tin
shillings, each having a stud of copper
set iu the center.
line of Tyniliill'N Heroic Experiment*.
In 1S64 Tyndall performed tho experiment of separating light from beat.
In tho course of the investigations
which enabled him to do this be made
ono of tiio most daring experiments that
ever a scientific man ventured on.
Knowing a layer of iodine placed be
fore the eye intercepted the light, he
determined to place his own eye in the
focus of strong invisible tays. He knew
thill if in doing so the i:nrk rays were
absorbed in a high degree by the humors of the eye the albumen of the
humors might coagulate; and, on the
other hand, if there was no high ab
sorption the rays might strike upon the
retina with a force sufficient to destroy
it. When he first brought his eye undefended near the dark focus tho heat
on the parts surrounding the pupil was
too intense to be endured. He, there
fore, made an aperture in tho plate of
the metal, and, placing bis eye behind
this aperture, he gradually approached
the point of convergence] of the invisible rays. First, the pupil and next the
retina were placed i.i tho focus without
any sensible damage. Immediately afterward a sheet of platinum foil placed
in the position  which  the retina had
occupied became red hot.	
An  Kxlreiuo  Case.
A German professor wus remarkably
absent-minded. Whenever he was very
busily engaged in his studio solving
pome abstruse problem, the wife wus iu
the habit of bringing hiin bis dinner.
His favorite dish was pancakes and mo-
lassos, tine day bl i wife brought him a
large pancake and jug of molasses, and
went down to the kitchen. Pretty soon
she heard the professor ring the bell.
" Why is it. Gretchan. that you bring
me nothing to cat except molasses? Why
have yutt brought me im pancake';"
asked tho absent minded professor,
" Ach, Himmell" exclaimed bis wife,
" you have tucked the pancake around
your neck, thinking that it was a napkin."
The kitchen was deserted. Through
the western window the last red light
of day was pouring, making all the commonplace things lurid and tearful. Tho
Holland shades were dyed with tho
color; the pine board floor was bathed
with it. Crimson played upon the barrels and the pans. Weird and dreadful
was the all-pervading hue. By the
stove, iu wliich there was no fire, lay a
hatchet with reddish spots upon it. The
floor was stained near by with a vivid ���
blot, of red. The air seemed quivering
with horrible mystery.
By and by a girl entered, a girl with
a look of sullen endurance Her red-
brown hair was gathered in a coarse,
graceless mass. The reddish-brown of
her sullen oyes matched her hair and
her old caiico jrown. She stood enveloped in the red light falling through the
[ window. Her eyes were bent upon the
hideous, telltale hatchet and the crimson stain on the floor. A convulsive
shudder shook her frame.
"Ah!" she murmured, in a sibilant
whisper. "Ab! Wouldn't ma be mad if
she knew I I rierl to open the tomato can
with the hatchet I"
A Diminutive Chrriot.
Max Kaufman, a Berlin jeweler, has
mado a perfect ivory chariot with movable wheels, the whole veighing but
two grains.
Where   1  IC.V   Woro.
Two gentlemen who were playing
cards at a Now York club house wero
very much annoyed by other members
w'no stood behind their chairs and in
forested themselves in ihe game. Finally one of the players asked ono of the
spectators to play a band for him until
In- returned. The spectator took the
cards, whereupon the first, player left
the room. Pretty soon the second player
followed the example of the first. The
two substitutes played for some time,
when one of them asked the waiter
where the two original players wero.
" Tbey are playing cards in the next
room," was the' waiter's reply,
A Word   to Breeders.
Ih choosing a male for breeding pin.
poses, you want to select a typical ami
mal' of some established breed. You
can calculate then with reasonable certainty upon tho result.
Creatures That Tumblo Upward.
It is only reasonable to suppose that
the  ability   to   sustain  an   enormous
pressure can only  be  acquired by ani-
j mals    after    generations   of   gradual
migrations from shallow waters, says a
] writer in the Popular Science Monthly.
: Thoso forms  that  are brought up by
the dredee from the depths of the ocean
I are  usually  killed   and   distorted  by
the enormous and  rapid diminution of
! pressure in their journey to the surface,
I and it is extremely probable that shal-
i low water  forms   would  bo similarly
��� killed and crushed out of Bhnpo were
they suddenly plunged  into  very deep
water.    The fish that live at these enormous depths are, in consequence of the
enormous pressure, liable to a curious
form of accident.    If, in  chasing their
prey or for any other  reason, they rise
j to  a  considerable  distance  above the
i th or of the  ocean,   tho gnsos of  their
swimming bladder become considerably
i expanded and their specific gravity very
j greatly   reduced.    Dp to a certain limit
the muscles of their bodies can counter*
act the tendency   to   lloat  upward and
enable   the   fish  to   regain   its   proper
sphere of life at the lxittom; but beyond
Hint limit  tho   muscles  are not strong
��� ���Hough to drive   tbo body downward,
and lb ' lish, becoming  more and more
distended as it goes, is gradually killed
on its long and involuntary journey to
the surface  of  the  sea.   The deep sea
lish, thou, are exposed   to a danger that
no other animals in the world  are subject to���namely, thut of   tumbling upward'/   That such   accidents do occa-
i sionally occur is  evidenced  by the fact
that some fish, which are now known to
be truo deep sec forms, were discovered
I dead and floating ou  the surface of   tho
ocean long before our modem investigations were commenced.
A Woman Uevolutlonlst.
It is said that ono of tho leaders of the
Brazilian revolutionists is a woman���
Madame de Matos.   She is described as
about thirty years old,  with bluo eyes
i and blonde hair.    In the field she is at-
i lired in a dress which is a mixture of
! men's and women's attire.   Many anec-
j dotes of her courage are told, as also of
her great kindness and generosity.   She
seems to consider herself  as a  sort of
Joan of Arc, and similarly called to tho
service of her country.   We wish her a
kinder fate. an
NRW ��� WKSTtfliTSTEl?,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   RAMCH,   17,1894.
".-/ ���
Synopsis of Proceedings.
Tuesday, March B.
The Speaker took the chair at 2 p.m.
Hon. Mr. Vernon presented a return
respecting timber royalties.     "
Mr. Kitchen presented a petition
against the Sumas Dyking and Drainage
Road and received.
Hon. Mr. Turner introduced the two
bills below stated,which were read a lirst
An act for the encouragement of dairying.
An act for tho extermination of noxious weeds.
The Houso again went Into committee
on the redistribution bill, Mr. Croft In
the chair.
On section 31, which provides that the
Lieut.-Gove.rnor-in-Council n ay make
any alterations or additions necessary
to give effect to the act, Hon. Mr. Beaven and Mr. Brown both rose to speak in
objection. The chairman named the
leader of tho Opposition, but Mr. Brown
declared tbat he had been ou the Hour
"half an hour" before Mr. Beaven ruse,
and the latter thereupon sat down. Mr.
Brown then moved to strike out several
portions of the clause to limit its application. Hon. Mr. Beaven, when his time
camo, suggested to sttlke out the whole
clause, as be considered that it opened
tho door to dangerous abuse,, hy giving
to the executive power to make or repeal
Hon. Mr. Davie suid it seemed a noor
argument to use, that the executive
should not be given authority because
this might be abused. He pointed out
tbe necessity of such an enactment, to
provide against tho contingency that anv
of the innumerable provisions that might
be found absolutely necessary had been
overlooked, and to ensure that tho effect
intended should be given with tbe act.
When in 1890 a far more drastic clauso
for the samo purpose was before tho
House objection was made to It on precisely similar grounds, but since its
adoption there had not been even a suggestion that the Government had abused
the power given them. The clause In
the act of 1890 he bad drafted without
any particular precedent, but In the
present Instance be had for a precedent a
clause in the New South Wales act, whicli
he had practically copied.
The amendment was lost after further
discussion and tho clause was agreed to.
The committee reported the bill complete with amendments, Hon. Mr. Davie
having stated that certain suggested
changes would be dealt with on the
motion to adopt the report.
The House went into committee of the
whole, Mr. Croft in the chair, to consider
tbe message of His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor, with the bill intituled "An act
respecting the Nakusp & Slocan railway," Hon. Mr. Davie first announcing
that some further papers, omitted by in-
advertance from tho return, would be
brought down as soon as printed.
The committee rose and reported the
bill, which was read a first timo.
Hon. Col. Baker moved tho second
roading of tho school bill. He pointed
out that this provides that the revenue
tax for the past pear, instead of for the
current year, must be paid to enable a
man to voto for the election of school
trustees; and also for the removal of
trustees lu consequence of certain misdemeanors or other circumstances.
Bill read a second time.
Mr. Smith moved the adoption of the
.report from committee on theB.C.South-
jrn railway bill.   Report adopted.
The House resumed the adjourned debate on tbe motion for tho second reading of tho Cariboo railway bill.
Mr. Stoddart objected to the route
which he believed the company intended
to adopt, and by which thoy woujd be
entering tho district of Cariboo through
the back door. He thought if the House
extended any further the charter so long
held for this road without anything practical being dono it should bave something
to say about the route.
Hon. Mr. Beaven raisod the point
of order that this bill proposed to
take a land grant from one company and
confer it on another���something which
could only be done through the Crown.
It pretended to confer on tho now company a land grant which had lapsed���to
revive the grant, which could only be
done on a message from tho Lieutenant-
Dr. Watt explained that there was no
change in the company except in the
name, so that he thought the point of
order not well taken.
The Speaker said it aopeared to bim
that tbe bill was in order and had been
brought in in tho proper way. There
might be the question, however, whether
the, company could enjoy these privileges
said to have lapsed, without a further
grant from the Crown; but the Govornment might propose to deal with this
matter later in the session.
Hon. Mr. Davie said .that whatever
rights the Ashcroft & Cariboo railway
company may have could certainly be
transferred bv them to another company
without tho consent of the crown,
just the same as a lease might be transferred.
Mr. Grant thought the change in routs
proposed was so radical that it ought to
require tho consent of the Crown.
lu the further discussion lion. Mr.
Heaven and others contended that the
grant and charter of the former company���the Cariboo it Ashcroft railway
company���had lapsed from the fact that
construction had not commenced by
April, 189B, and that this bill could not
confer upon thn now company rights
which tad lapsed, lion. Mr. Davie In
reply showed that this bill would give
tho now company corporate rights, and
if lt could not givo certain other privileges which had lapsod, why the company would simply not havo them without further legislation.
Bill road a second time.
Mr. Horno moved tho second reading
of tbo Consolidated Electric railway and
light company bill, which he briefly explained to bo for tho purposo of consolidating tho two companies operating
in Vancouver and New Westminster.
Mr. Martin said ho had been informed
tbat this bill iu clauso 6 provided for
what would bo a grave injustice tosharc-
holdors in one of the, companies.who had
not bad an opportunity of being heard
beforo tho private bills committee, on
account of the misleading title of tho
bill, which prevented them from observing that their property was affected. Ho
moved that tho bill bo read a second
time six months hence.
Mr. Brown said he also had  somo ob
jections against the bill, wliich proposed
to transfer exceptional privileges, which
It was not Intended should bo conferred
upon au outside company.
M:\ Grant, in order to givo the persons
concerned an opportunity to be heard,
moved the adjournment of the debate.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Eberts moved tho second reading
of the bill to authorize the. building of
tramway from the Hall mines to tbo
Kootenay river, lie explained that the
tramway was Intended lo beon the gravitation principle, to take orefrmi what
Is known us the Silver King mine, to the
river, where there were to be, concentrating works which would be. of groat importance io the town of Nelson. lie
pointed out that the expropriation
powers asked for related only to land
required for tbe purposes of the company, and were  to  I xe.rolsed  in the
regular way through arbitrators. The
water powers askod for were also iu connection with the necessary works of the
mines and to bo enjoyed only under the
supervision ol the i hlef Commissioner of
Lauds and Works.
Mr. Brown look exception to granting
authority as proposed to expropriate
hind for sites for power 'houses or for
smell lug works or ol lier purposes of such
character, although in this pari oular
instances he did uot know that It would
make much difference.
Hoi. Mr. Davie said there did appear
to be some unusual provisions in tills
hill. He failed ui see why the company I
il they wished a siie for smelting works
should nol iiuichusi the laud required
iu ihe ordinary wav, without being
granted the right to expropriate, lie
liked to encourage capital when it came
Into tbe country, hut he thotlgbl the I
promoters of this bill were asking too
much, with comparatively little advantage io themselves, lie would not opposo the second reading of the bill, but
when it camo lo be considered in committee would ask to have tlie clauso objected to struck out.
Mr. Grant concurred in the objection
to the power of expropriation for smelting works purposes.
Bill read a second time.
Mr. Anderson moved the second reading of tbo Victoria olectric railway and
light company's bill. The object of the
measure, he stated, was to change tho
name to the above from the "National
electric railway and lighting company,"
and to increase the usefulness of tho
company by giving it authority to carry
malls and freight. He pointed out that
the latter privilege is conferred upon the
olectric railway compaoiesof Vancouver,
of Toronto, Ottawa, St. Catharines and
many places In tbo East.
Bill read a second time.
Mr. Kitchen moved the second reading
of a bill respecting certain public works
in the township of Chilliwack. Ho explained that tho corporation had raised
813,000 on the strength of a by-law
which the County Court had decided was
invalid, so that tbey could not collect the
rate imposed by it. The only remedy appeared to be. to ask the House to validate
the by-law.
Hon. Mr. Beaven objected that the
By-law should be printed with tbe bill
If the House was to be asked to validate
The Speaker said he thought this
should certainly bu done. Ho suggested
that to enable tbe by-law to be so printed
the member should move for the discharge of the order for the second reading; otherwise he would have to rule out
the bill.
Mr. Kitchen suggested tho adjournment of the debate, so that the matter
might be looked into.
Hon. Mr. Davie said he certainly
thought the House was entitled to
further information not only as to the
effect of this by-law but as to whether
or not it oueht to be validated. Tho
preamble seemed to give some forcible
reasons why the Houso should refuse
the second reading and it was surely the
duty of tbe nrember moving it to show
how the decision of the court was wrong,
upon what ground thecounty court ruled
against the by-law, and why the Legislature should be asked to give effect to
the by-law In the face of this decision.
Mr. Kitchen, iu roply, stated in tbe
act of 1891 there was a very indefinite
clause, which has been replaced by section 278 of tbe present municipal act.
This clause related to the advertising of
the by-law and the time which must
elapse between this and the time of passing. Though as Iteevo of tho municipality he had taken legal advico and
been informed that the by-law was valid,
notwithstanding that it seemed as if this
clause had not been complied with and
the County Court hud decided against it,
aud from this decision there was no
appeal. They had since instituted a suit
in the Supreme Court, butfrom one cause
and another had not yet been able to
have their suit brought to trial. They
therefore thought it best not to let tho
session of tbe Legislature pass without
asking for relief.
Mr. Brown thought that us the by-law
was designated iu the bill by its number
(18). nnd wus duly advertised in the
official gazette, where it could bo referred to, it seemed u iiurdship to defer this
bill to huve it reprinted.
Hon. Mr. Davio said it appeared that
this is a long by-luw and would cost a
good deal to print lie therefore suggested that the bill should make refer-
once to the place in the Britisli Columbia
Gazette where the by-law Is to be found,
and that tbo House should accept this In
lieu of the bill itsilf.
Mr. Eberts spoke to the same offoct.
lion. Mr. Vernon said he wus inclined
to agree with the leader of the Opposition and that if the House were to validate the by-law it should bo attached to
the hill and appear In the statutes. It
seemed to him that the House ought to
have as well the opinion of tho judge,
who Is said to huve stated that the
detect In tho by-law Is only a technical
Mr. Punch moveil tho adjournment of
tho dobate, which was accordingly adjourned until Thursday.
Mr. Horno moved tho second reading
of tho bill tor validating tbo Incorporation of tho Brunette sawmill company.
Bill read a second time.
Mr. Hunter moved the second reading
of tho bill relating to the Kaslo-Slocan
railway, to authorize its construction as
a narrow gauge road in place of as
originally intended. He, explained that
the saving in cost of construction would
be thirty por cent., a very important
consideration in theso hard times. On
account of tho stringency of the money
market the com puny had found it impossible to carry out tho original proposition, though a good deal of work
had beon done. He had hoard It mentioned that the Government intended to
give some substantial aid to the company
and be. only hoped this was true.
non. Mr. Davio remarked that he slip-
posed the hon. gentleman was only joking when he spoke of the material aid
which be said he heard the Government
intended to give.
Bill read a second time.
Mr. Eberts moved tho second reading
of the Cariboo hydraulic mining company's hill, the purpose and origin ut
which he explained, as brought out before tbo private bills committee. Ho
stated that about 50 per cent, of the
stock of the company is held by the individuals whose claims the present company, who have already made un expenditure of 880,000, have bought The
properties dealt with in this bill are the
Loo Qwong Ting Chong Hill claims, the
Bullion, Bonanza, South Fork hydraulic
milling company's, tlie Channel!, and the
Wt'liaiu Stephenson mining leases, all on
thn south fork of tho Quesnelle river,
about 3ii miles oast of the, Quesnelle
Forks townsite. It would cost between
J200.00U and SHOO.00(1 to complete the
preparations for operating these mines,
uud iii consequence of the large amount
of capital at stake It wus desirable to
secure a better class of tenure���to secure
for these claims us good a title as that
which could he acquired for a quartz
claim; and he saw no reason why the
company should not get Crown grants as
desired. In addition they asked that
they might acquire contiguous lands to
those thev had acquired, by purchaze, to
a ii extent not greater I bun 250 acres, to
enable them to follow ii necessary ihe
claim now located in the river. They
also wished legislation to authorize them
lo use the 2,000 inches of water to whicli
they aro entitled upon any claims which
thev may acquire.
Hon. Mr. DaVle could not support tbe
bill in its present shape. Whilst fully
prepared to confirm the coin pany in their
title, and to afford them absolute protection for the largo amount of money thoy
have expended and proposo to expend,
this bill goes altogether too far. 'He had
observed an amondment which had been
proposed by tbe hon. member for Lillooet, tbat the ground should bo worked
in such a manner as tbo gold commissioner thought reasonable, and not less
than 85,000 a year was to be expended on
the property. Ho thought this amendment went too far In tho other direction.
He (Mr. Davie) was prepared to support
any measure for securing the company
in their proporty and for their extracting all the gold therefrom and prolitably
working tho property. He thought all
this could be accomplished and all encouragement given which the promoters
could ask without going the lengths of
this bill.
Mr. Adams said he had been under tho
impression that tbe present lease law is
quite sufficient protection for the company, but since he had heard the matter
argued before the privato bills committee
ho felt that such companies as this
should have Crown grants of tho land
He could not, however, support the bill
iu its present shape, and whon it came
up In committee he would have some
amendments to off er. From acquaintance
with the country where tho property is
situated, ho thought it only right that
thn company should havo tho water privileges desired.
Mr. Hunter considered that no bill
presented to this House over had moro
consideration by tho privato bills committee than, this and the other one of tho
same nature ou tbe order paper; and he
held that the bills are in the interest of
the country as a wholo. In nineteen
years not a blow had been struck in
this ground, but tbo moment a company
had gone to work to make uso of it a cry
was raised tbat private rights woro to bo
affected. Tbe whole of tbo water which
it is proposed to obtain Is appurtenant to
only one other claim, which In a fow
years Is bound to bo worked out, and
there being no other claims below, the
company propose tbat tho water may bo
used on any one of thoir claims. It Is
provided in the bill that when the company fail to pay for three years taxes on
certain of their lands they shall revert
to tho Crown, and he noticed an amendment by tbe member for Lillooet whicli
provides to extend this provision to all
the lands, and he did not know that ho
wonld object to this amendment. The
main fact, howovor, to be kept in view
Is that this is a project to develope the
latent wealth of old Cariboo, and should
receive the hearty encouragoment of tbo
Mr. Smith considered that tho exceptional water privileges asked for by the
company should not be granted, unless
tbe mining laws wero to bo changed, so
that all other companies might have the
same right. Ho thought also that it is
not in the interest of the province that
the exceptional rights with respect to
land should be granted. He thought
that tho memorandum of association
mentioned in clause 1 should bo attached
to tho bill. If the water rights horo
asked for were granted, it would be an
end to any one else going into that district to engage in hydraulic mining.
Hon. Col. Baker said that whilst the
original object of the bill���tbe consolidation of the several leases acquired���was
a commendable one, there wero several
clauses in tho present bill which, after
having givon full consideration to the
matter, he did not think should be
a bop ted.
Dr. Watt considered that oven in the
modified form In which it had come from
tho privato bills committee this bill Is not
such that It would bo acceptable to the
people of tho district, and as ho had sent
copies up to sovoral poople thoro bo
would move that tho debate be adjourned In order to enable blm to recolve any
replies which might arrive by mall on
Motion agreed to.
Tbo Houso adjourned at 10.50 p.m.
Wednesday, March 7.
Tho Spoaker took the chair at 2 p.  m.
The select commlttoo on dairying and
tho select committeo on mining presented thoir reports, which were received and
ordered to bo printed.
Mr. Horno moved; That whereas the
commercial Importance of tho harbor of
the city of Vancouver is rapidly Increasing and thero Is every roason to bollovo
that In tho near future it will become
one of tho most Important in the Interest
of shipping and commorco on tho Pacific
coast; and whereas it Is necssary in tho
interest of shipping and commerce that
a certain natural shoal in tho said harbor tknown asBurnaby shoal) should bo
removed: Therefore bo lt resolved that a
respectful address be presented to His
His Honor to urgently request the
Dominion government   to   tako   inimed-
For Extra Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
Opposite Reid & Currlo's Foundry.
Of all kinds on hand.
A Gall Solicited.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Etc.
Factory In rear of City Jirewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.G.
renders for a License to cut Timber on
Dominion Lands in the Province
of British Columbia.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to tho
undersigned and marked on tho
envelope "Tender for Timber Berth 12G,
to be opened on tbo 19th of February,
18IH," will bo received at this Department until noon on Monday, tho 19th
day of February next, for a license to
cut timber on tho North half of Section
24, in the fractional township lying
West of Township 39, in the Dlslrict of
New Westminster, in the said Province,
and containing an area of 274 acres more
or less.
Tho regulations under which a.license
will bo issued, may bo obtained
at this Department or at the oflice of
the Crown Timber Agent at New Westminster.
Each tender must bo accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered Hank
In favour of the Deputy of tho Minister
of the Interior, for the amount of the
bonus which the applicant is prepared to
pay for a license.
No tender by telegraph will be entertained.
Department of the Interior,
Ottawa, isth January, 1894.
The above steamer  makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley. taking Parson's Channel  and thus calling
| regularly at 'Hoinhrotigu's brick  yard,
] l'ort Kclls and all  other  intermediate
j points.    Parties anxious to reach Cloverdale and other points In Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often  lind  this boat
Loaves Westminster every day at I! p. in.
except Saturday, when she leaves at
9 p. in.
Loaves Langley overy day at 9 a. m. except Fridays, when she leaves at 8
a. in. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at .1 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
Contlnu'jdon 4lh page.
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,   Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,      Crockery,
Lamps and  Glassware,
c. Mcdonough
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats ami
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Hen's and Boys' Suits,   Great Variety of Household Articles.    Also Grain, Seeds;
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produco bought at market rates or sold on commission.  Orders from tS��r
interior promptly attended to.
P. O. Box 405.
Telephone 7-4.
Look at PARNELL & GUNN'S prices:
Beaver Milk, 8 tins for $1.00
3 lbs. Soda Crackers, 25 cents.
1 lb. tins Oysters, 2 for 25 conts.
100 lbs. sacks wheat, $1.50.
100 lbs. sacks Shorts, $1.25.
100 lbs. sacks Bran, 81.16.
0 lbs. Black Tea, $1.00.
5-lb. boxes
Hungarian Flour, $4.45 per barrel.
5 lb. chests uncolorod Japan Tea, $1.65 eaelt
Lako of Woods Strong Baker's flour, $4.15
Ceylon Tea, 40c. per lb. 5 lbs. for $1.75.
1 lb. tins good Baking Powder, 25c. each.
5-lb. tins English Breakfast Coffoo, $1.10.
5-lb. boxes No. 1 Black Tea, $1.50.
good Black Tea, $1.25.
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Colnmbia St.,
D. LY AL <fe CO.,
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,   Music,   etc.
B.   O.
D. S. CURTIS &. Co., New Westminster. if'
is published every SATURDAY, by
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Bank of Montreal.)
Subscription, $ 1.00 per annum, in advance
���Transient Advehtibmknts���Ten cents per
line, for each insertion. All transient
advertisements to be measured as solid
nonpariel���12 lines to tlie Inch.
Commercial Advertisements���in displayed
type: Special rates, made known on application.
Professional and Business Cards���Notto
oeeupy a space of more than one inch, and
set solid in uniform style.$l 25 per month,
or by yearly fjontraot, $12.00.
Small Advertisements of "Wants, Lost
Found, etc.. of not more than one inch
space. $1.00 for threo Insertions.
atiEADiNG Notices���20cents per line, each insertion, unless otherwise contracted for
Births. Marriages and Deaths���50 cents.
New Westminster, B.C.
��hc Uctjctftx oiatmtMcm.
Treating of tho Parliament Buildings
expenditure, the Columbian a few days
igo published one of its old-time back-
woods articles���very abusive, very Oe-
tlainatory, and very Injudicious from
��ny point of view. The public like fair
play, and resent mere vitupcrous assertion. Tbo Victoria Colonist credits tbo
article reforred to to Mr. J. C. Hrown.
M.P.P., and no doubt lt is a good deal In
tbo stylo of that gentleman, but it really
Is of very little consequonce who was
the writer���it does not appear that the
public are curious on that point. Tbe
article is very good of its kind, but tho
kind is too antiquated. The only Item
in it that tho present writer feels at all
called upon to criticise Is the repetition of
Mr. Brown's words in the Legislature
when he referred to a number of his
lellow-members as "traitors." Tho
Columbian puts It "palpable traitors who
voted it" (the Parliament buildings measure). It may be well to observe here
tbat it is only Mr. Brown and tho
Columbian tbat habitually use offensive
language towards their political opponents. The other members of tbe Opposition, oven In tbe heal of debate, usually
coulino themselves within legitimate
bounds. But to Mr. Hrown and the
Columbian the members of the Ministry
are "sneaks," "robbers," etc., the supporters of tbe Ministry are dishonest
and contemptible voting machines, members of the Opposition who have tho
courage to act upon their own convictions are traitors, and the Ministerial
newspapers are corrupt and vicious aids
of tyranny. The half-dozen so-called In-
dependeus represent all the virtue in the
Assembly, and Mr. Brown aud the
Columbian aro especial patriots of almost,
or quite, angelic purity.
However, to return to our special
subject: The Colonist was under tho impression that the Columbian bad Mr.'
Beaven, leader of the Opposition, and
Br. Milne in view when It used tbe term
"palpable traitors," seeing that both
those gentlemen cast their votes for tbe
Parliament Buildings bill. It happens
tbat Mr. Brown is just now cheek bv
jowl with Mr. Beaven, and it therefore
behoved the Columbian to at onco correct
the invidious Impression that had gone
abroad. Accordingly, on Wednesday
our brave and courteous evening cotemporary aroso to explain that Messrs.
Beaven and Milne were not "palpablo
traitors," but that it was "turn-coat
Punch and 'let-'er-llicker' Kelllo to
whom the expression 'palpable traitors'
lt may be well to inquire a littlo into
this matter of "traitors." Most men
wish to be just. It Is only the few that
nre preverse and of natural instinct
think ill of their kind. To simplify matters, let us tako two men at opposite
poles of the Columbian magnet, and present a brief sketch of thoir political
records by way of comparison:
Mr. Punch was elected to the Legislature In 1800 as one of the members for
Westminster District. He offered himself us un Independent candidate pro-1
pared to give the Government a fair
trial, lie was elected along with six ;
others on the Mainland who stood on the
lame platform.
The seven   members, joined   by  two |
not elected to opposo tho Government,
and refused to follow in a course contrary to their election pledges. Finding
themselvos the only Independents left,
they acted according to their judgment
and allied themselves to the Ministerialists. Through tho recess Mr. Punch
busied himself in securing benefits for
his constituents in every part of tho
During tho session now in progress,
Mr. Punch, Mr. Kellie and Mr. Home
support tho Government, and Mr.Cotton,
Mr. Brown, Mr. Kitchen and Mr. Sword
are in direct Opposition.
The threo Independents who support
the Ministry are much nearer to their
elrction pledges than the four who have
gone Into factious Opposition. At the
time of the last general elections no
straight Oppositionist could havo been
elected for the constituencies represented
by the Independents. That is evidenced
by the fact that the leader of tho Government was elocted in Westminster
District, and that the straight Opposition candidate in Vancouver citv was
defeated. When Messrs. Punch and
Kellie were deserted by their fellow-
Independents, there was nothing for
them but to ally themsolvos with the
Ministerialists, on principle, io say nothing of the material gain to the people
they represented.
Mr. Hrown was elected to the Legislature in 1800 for tho city of New Westminster. He offered as an Independent j
candldato prepared to give the Government a fair trial, and was returned along
with six others on tho same platform.
The seven members (as above) entered
upon their representative duties at the
session of 1891, and throughout that
session gave Mr. Robson's Government a
general support.
At tbo session of 1892, the Independent.-, now reduced to six, continued to
givo tho Government a general support,
and publicly called attontion to the good
effect their Independent action was having upon legislation.
During tbe forepart of the session of
1893, the six continued to give the Government, now headed by Mr. Davie, a
fair support. Later, when the Parliament Buildings bill was brought forward,
the majority of them went into straight
Opposition, and threw to the winds the
good effect of Independent action.
Following the session a petition aiming indirectly at tho severance of the
Province was put ou foot, in the drafting
of which Mr. .1. C. Brown was the chief
factor (this is the general belief, and
was Implicitly admitted by Mr. Brown
in the current session of the Legislature,
if he was correctly reported). He and
his journalistic mouth-piece hero sought
to subvert the constitution, and practically advocated an appeal to arms.
Some months later, when tbo out-
rageousness of the action proposed became apparent to everyone, Mr. Brown
and his organ repudiated the entire
separation-rebellion movement.
During tbo current session tho four
Independents in Opposition, largely influenced by Mr. Hrown, have obstructed
and voted against a redistribution bill
that gives to the Mainland every tittle
of representation that it is entitled to,
and which increases in every instance
the representation in thoso communities
that aro said to be opposed to the Government.
Messrs. Brown, Cotton, Kitchen and
Sword deserted their fellow-Independents
and went into straight opposition in defiance of their election pledges. Mr. .i. C.
Hrown in his connection with the secession movement was a traitor to his
country. In afterwards repudiating the
cause he had inspired, he was a traitor
i to his followers. In voting against a just
| representation for the Mainland ho was
a traitor to his avowed principles.
.1. C. Brown is a man of good talents,
but he is not tho first man by any means
who has abused his gifts. It may be
that be Imagines he seeks the public
welfare There aro well-authenticated
cases of Inordinate conceit or selfishness
Inducing u man to believe himself a hero
when indeed he is contemptible.
Continued   from   page   :(.
iate steps for tho removal of said Burn-
aby shoal.
Hon. Mr. Vernon said he thought tho
resolution might have safely said that
the harbor of Vancouver Is already one
of the most important on the coast.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Horno declined to proceed with his
resolution in favor of the acquirement of
Point Roberts from the United States In
exchange for a tract of land of equal
value adjoining the Alaska boundary,
and it was accordingly struck off the
order paper.
Mr. Home asked leavo to introduce a
bill to repeal the wide tiro act of 1893.
Bill read a first time.
The House went Into committee on the
Cariboo railway bill (Dr. Watt, with Mr.
MeKenzie In the chair.
Mr. Adams moved an amendment providing that tbo route to be chosen by the
company must be subject to the approval of the Legislature
Lieutenant-Governor in Council. Ho
pointed out that thero was great dissatisfaction in the district on account of
the supposition that tbu Intention of
the company in changing, as they had
done, their proposed point of departure
from the C. P.K. from Ashcroft to Kamloops, was to enter Cariboo by tbo back
way instead of passing through the
funning country In Cariboo. He thought
tbat since the company had held the
charter for so long without doing anything it was not too much now to say
that the   route  should   meet   with the
proposition to authorize the building of
a lino parallel to tho eleclric tramway
between Vancouver and New Westminster, on tho ground that it was not
in the public interest that a second line
should be built when the business to be
done did not warrant it. lie had been
bitterly assailed at the time, but tho
House had subsequently pronounced tho
principle ho contended for to be tho proper one. As he said before ho thought
this bill would be a step In the
wrong direction, and that it should be
Mr. Kellie pointed out that it was provided that tho linos could not bo built
without tho assent of the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council. This, he thought,
would givo the necessary safeguard.
Hon. Mr. Davie thought it would be
much better to leave the power to give
such assent in the hands of the Houso as
at present, and not to entrust it to tho
Lieutenant-Governor In Council.
Mr. Eberts pointed out that the whole
Tho Spoaker hero called attention to
the fact that the bill did not appear to
be in order, as it seemed to be one which
should have beon brought in on message
from the Lieutenant-Governor.
Hon. Mr. Turner, in consequence of
this and of other objections, moved that
the order for tho second reading bo discharged, so that the bill might be
brought In in another form.
Motion agreed to.
Tho House adjourned at 6 p.m.
Friday. March 9.
The Speaker took tho chair at 2 p.m.
Mr. Grant presented tho report of the
select committee appointed to consider
proposed amendments to the municipal
act, with the bill they recommend accompanying.
Received and ordered to be printed.
Mr. Homo moved: "Whereas the
boundary line botween British Columbia
aud Alaska is likely to bo defined at an
early date; and whereas   that   piece of
question with respect to this bill hinged j land situated south of the 49th  parallel
upon tho powor of expropriation  askod, j of north latitude, and  known   as  Point
n place of the | lls everything else desired is provided for
' in existing acts.    He objected to giving
the power asked for iu this respect.
Hon. Col. Baker thought that apart
from other considerations tbe power
asked for was too great to grant to one
district, as proposed, and not to the rest
of tbe Province.    He felt, that  no harm
could  result  from   the   few   months' I annoyance to settlers in tho vicinity of I ers along the
delay necessary to put through a private i tho mouth of the Eraser river,  British i rangement has been made whereby tl
bill. I Columbia; and whereas there Is growing | Interests will be protected.    If the d
Roberts, containing about four squaro
miles of territory, is so isolated from tho
United States of America that the only | through the
moans of communication by land Is ~
through British Columbia; and whereas
during the summer months a large number of Indians and others congregate on
tho said Point Roberts and  cause  great
After further discussion the question
was put and the House divided evenly as
Ayes���Messrs. Adams,Hrown, Fletcher,
Foster, Grant, Had, Hunter, Keith, Kol-
approval of  the  Legislature,   especially
as the Houso is to bo asked for   a liberal j,,,,, Kitchen, MeKenzie, Semlin, Stoddart,
subsidy. Sword and Watt���15.
Dr. Watt opposed tho amendment, Navs-Mossrs. Anderson, Uakor, Bea-
which he said would practically make ven i^ut),, Cotton, Croft, Davie, Eberts,
the bill of no uses and he stated that if Home, Martin,  Milne, Poolev, Punch,
ALLUDING to what appears to have
been an unnecessary inquest recently
hold In Victoria, the Colonist truthfully
says: An unnecessary Coroner's inquest
is ono of the most unpleasant and annoying things that can bit Imagined. It adds
to the grief of the friends and relatives
.... ,      , ,,   .     of tlie deceased at  a   time   when   their
more from .Nanaimo, entered upon their 8orrow i8 bardeat to bear, and it Is cul-
representatlvo duties at tho session eululcd to expose to suspicion, and It may
of 1891, and throughout tbat session ��� be prosecution, persons who are not only
gave Mr. Robson's government a general '��� wm,l|y Innocent but who may have boon
doing all In their power to be  of  service
SU|'|,or I to the man,  woman  or child  who has
At the session of  1891, one member of   died suddenly or unexpectedly.    It Is not
the Independent! refused to  work   with   a littlo surprising how ready somo pooplo
and went ovor  to ti1(!  are to conclude that the death has been
thom any longer
Ministerial side. The other six Main-
landers (the two members from Nanaimo
��ro not to be considered, because thoy
were olected on an entlroly different
issue) continued through that session
lo give the Govornment a general support.
During tho forepart of the session of
1893 tin: six continued to give tho Government (now headed by Theodore
Davie wco John Robson, deceased), a fair
support.. Later, when the Parliament
Buildings bill was brought forward, the
caused by foul moans or by criminal
neglect, and on what slender grounds
they suspect persons who aro altogether
Innocent of criminal designs. Ordinary
circumstances and acts, which really
have no significance whatever, are distorted Into evidence of wrong-doing, and
oven whispered bints and suspicions may
Injure the reputation and embitter tho
lives of those whoso characters and
motives havo been most stupidly and
most cruelly aspersed. The very circumstances of nn inquest being hold is to
many persons proof that something lias
been wrong, and If the jury does not find
out what it is, there lias been a failure
of justice.    It is vory evident, therefore,
question of the action lo bo taken by tho j that an inquest should not be held unless
Independents   wns   discussed    amongst  there are good   grounds  for  concluding
themselves and tho majority decided to *ha'Jtl'e deceased came  to his or her
,  , .  , , ,.    , ,' ���    ,-,      , I death by foul   means,   or   that   it   was
go Into straight Opposition.    Mr, Punch  bronght aljolll by sonlo caus(, casi|y p|.c.
mid Mr. Kellie objected that  thoy were | ventable,
the company are too much hampered hy
such legislation thoy would simply abandon tho project.
Hon. Mr. Vernon thought the amendment an unreasonabloone.as nocompany
would risk thousands or tens of thousands of dollars in surveying and determining upon a route if lt might bo summarily set asido by the Legislature.
The amendment was supported by
Hon. Mr. Beaven, Messrs. Brown, Semlin, Smith, Keith, Foster and others,who
argued that the provision that tho House
should pronounce upon tho route was a
reasonable one. On the other side
Messrs. Hunter, Booth aud others
contended that the bill might as well
be withdrawn as passed with this amendment.
Hon. Mr. Vernon pointed out that the
cost of different routes In a country like
Cariboo varies verv much, and it might
happen that while tho company might
be prepared to build the road over one
route in consequence of tho assistance
expected from the Government, the cost
of another route might be so much
greater that they would not think of
undertaking the work. Ho rather
thought that should the amendment be
adopted thn negotiations for the construction of the road, whicli had already
beon mentioned in the House, would in
all probability be dropped, for no company would take the risk involved.
.Mr. Stoddart thought the int'rests of
tho farmers as well as the miners of Cariboo ought to be protected, and that if
it was not to serve the farming district it
would bo almost as well not to havo the
road at all.
Dr. Watt said he felt that, in view of
the opposition to tho bill, be should have
an opportunity of consulting with tbo
promoters. He therefore moved that the
committee lise and report progress and
ask leave to sit again.
This motion was lost.
The amendment was thon put bv tho
chairman and on show of hands doclarod
The section as amended was then put
and carried.
The remaining sections were adopted
and the committee reported the bill complete with amendments.
Mr. Eberts moved that the bill to incorporate the Great Western telegraph
company be read a third time.
Bill read a third time and passed.
The Houso went into committee of tho
wholo on the bill respecting the Victoria
electric railway and lighting company
(Mr. Anderson) with Mr. Sword In the
The committeo rose and reported progress, and asked leave to sit again.
Hon. Mr. Vernon presented a return of
further papers relating to the Nakusp
and Slocan railway.
The House adjourned at 5.50 p.m.
Thursday, March 8.
The Speaker took tho chair at 2 p.m.
Hon. Mr. Turner asked leave to introduce a bill Intituled "An act for the regulation of the department of agriculture, and for defining the powers and
duties of tlie minister, and of the officers
of the department."
Hill read a lirst time.
Mr. Kellie moved the second reading
of the bill for the incorporation of tramway, telephone and telegraph lines in tlie
district of West Kootenay. The bill provides that companies proposing to construct tramways may he Incorporated Iu
the manner provided for in the companies act, provided the sanction of the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works
be obtained after tho memorandum of
association has been duly advertised;
aud It also gives power to expropriate the
land over which the tramway Is Intended
to run, upon the usual conditions.
Mr. Cotton objected that this bill proposed to confer privileges wholesale such
as It had boon the custom to grant only
on the Introduction of a private bill In
ouch case.
Hon. Mr. Beaven alio objected to the
bill, which ho considered Infringed upon
tho right of eminent domain.
Hon. Mr. Davio said ho considered the
principle of such legislation pernicious,
and consequently that the bill should
not be allowed a second reading. Companies desirOus of Incorporation for such
purposes bad been encouraged to como
to the House and seek their franchise, by
means of private bills, tho consideration
given to which assured that existing
lines should not be paralleled, with tho
result possibly of their destruction or of
positivo disadvantage to tho public. Tho
prevailing practice involves full Inquiry
by the privato bills committee with respect to all interests affected, but tho
bill proposed to sweep away all this procedure and give general powers by which
lines may ho constructed irrespective of
existing enterprises. Ho folt that this
would be against the public interest���if
not a reflection upon provincial honesty
so far as those companies already
grunted franchises may bo affectod.
Only a fow years ago he had opposed a
up at the said Point
fishing and canning
being in United Suite
uncontrolled by such
Motion agreed to.
Hon. Col. Baker moved the second
reading of tbe bill to provide a legislative
library and bureau of statistics.
Bill read a second time.
The Houso again went into committee
on tbo railway act amendment bill, Mr.
Adams in the chair.
The bill was reported complete without amendments.
Tho Houso wont into committee on the
dairying bill, Dr. Watt in the chair.
The bill was reported complote with
Tho Houso wont into committee on the
bill respecting tho Kaslo-Slocan railway,
Mr. Grant In the chair.
Bill reported complete without amendment.
Mr. Eberts moved tho second reading
of the bill to authorize certain dyking
and drainage works lu the district of
New Westminster. He explained that
the object of tho bill Is to extend the
powers of the commissioners appointed
under the act. In order to carry out the
purpose for which they wero appointed
they Hud it necessary to divert the
waters of Vedder creek and solid them
Luclc-a-kuk channel to the
Fraser rivor, and thoy ask now the
authority to enter upon certain lands for
the purpose, of carrying on this work.
The bill had been opposed before the.
private bills committee bv certain farm-
Luck-a-kuk, but an ar-
Rogcrs and Smith���15. ^^^^^^^^^
Tho Speakor said he would havo great
satisfaction in voting in support of any
moasure introduced by tho hon. membor
for West Kootonay if ho could do so. In
this Instance, however, ho felt that tho
bill proposed that the House should part
with a very gravo right which it alono
should exercise, and would therefore
have to vote against the bill, and to
declare the motion for the second reading lost.
Dr. Watt movod tho second reading of
the bill to amend tho dentistry act.
Motion agreed to on division of eleven
to 10.
Hon. Mr. Turner moved the second
reading of the bill for tho encouragement of dairying. This bill, ho said,
carries its own recommendation. Tho
intention is to facilitate the formation
and operation of associations for Instruction in dairying throughout tho Province. It is modelled on the Ontario
act, which ho believed had boon found
to work very well. Tbo Idea Is to give
instruction to the farmers and to give
lectures from time to time. The result
of increased encouragement to dairying
he hoped would be to lessen tho great
importation of products for which this
country is so eminently adapted.
Bill road a second time.
Hon. Mr. Turner moved the second
reading of tho bill for the extermination
of noxious woods. Ho thought this bill,
like tho previous one, is greatly iu the
interest of agriculture, for one had only
to go out a very short distance from the
cities to see for himself how necessary it
is that some steps shall betaken to check
tho spread of the noxious weeds whicli
are a source of so much annoyance to
Mr. Semlin said he was quite willing
to admit that tho intention of tho bill is
good, but he doubted if it is practicable.
In his neighborhood, for instance, the
noxious weeds upon tho mountains,
which could not be got at, spread their
seeds for miles around.
Hon. Mr. Davie, said tho hill reminded
him of ono dealing with the same subject
which had some years ago been before
tbe House, and upon which the then
member for Westminster had made some
humorous remarks, including tho characteristic observation that he felt disinclined to support it becauso it did not
include tbe most noxious weed of all���
the Chineso cigar. (Laughter.) On the
wholo he thought the bill a movo In tho
right direction, but ho thought that the
interpretation clause���which as before
stated was copied from the Ontario act-
Is too compiohensivo, for Instance it
seemed to him that it neod not include
tho dandelion, which ho believed was
used for certain household purposes; and
the presence of the daisy, to the best of
his recollection, had been associated with
ideas of more or less delight to the rising
generation, and ho thought It hardly
necessary that the daisy should be exterminated. As to wild oats, ho would
not he surprised to hear some objection
from the hon. leader of the Opposition,
who it is understood has not quite finished sowing his. (Daughter.) The.
subject of tho bill had recoived some
objection from tho corporations of the
cities, but they appeared not to havo
gone about the work the right way, as
though men were sent out to out down
thistles tli is has not been done until after
the thistles wero In bloom and their seeds
hud been distributed.
Mr. Croft thought the oxeyo daisy
should be Included iu any bill of extermination, and lie called attention to the
necessity of some stops being taken to
secure the destruction of weeds on
reserves, to which this bill does not
Mr. Kitchen expressed the hope that
no harm would bo allowed to como to the
sow thistle, tho dandelion and the lamb's
quarter, and also ho saw nothing to condemn In the oxoyo daisy, which ho said
"Is not the littlo daisy that we aro all
acquainted with." (Laughter and applause.) Ho spoko In prabo of these as
most succulont weeds.
Mr. Booth did not know that tho bill
would be of very great use now, though
he thought such a measure might very
well havo been passed twenty yoars
Hon. Mr. Davio remarked that because
the matter had not boon attended to
twenty years ago Is no reason why the
nuisance should not be abated now. The
House must consider the Interests of the
country twenty years bonce.
Mr. Rogors said there are certain
weeds which ho thought might well bo
destroyed In somo such way as proposed.
One of the worst; of these Is  the Canada
as those of British Columbia fisheries;
and whereas tbe salmon caught by those
fishermen lire un thoir way to the Fraser
river, and aro entrapped by means which
are lllcsgal In British Columbia, and without any weekly closo season; and whereas this entrapping and fishing at Point
Roberts seriously interferes witb tho
fishing and canning Industry on tho
Frasor river, It is of tbo utmost importance that It should be, either by consent
or arrangement, brought under some international regulations in harmony with
those of the Frasor rivor; and wheroas It
Is desirable for the protection of the
fishing interests of the Frasor that somo
international arrangement should be
entored into between the United States
and the Dominion of Canada for preventing the catching and destruction of
salmon at Point Roberts by methods
which are illegal In the adjoining waters
of British Columbia; and whereas It
would be a great advantage to British
Columbia and tbe fishing industry on the
Fraser River if Point Roberts were part
of Canada: Therefore, be it resolved that
His Honor tho Lieuteiiant-Govornor bo
respectfully requested to call tho attention of tho Dominion Government to the
desirability of placing before tho joint
commissioners (appointed by tho Unitod
States and Canada in tho summer of
1892 to settlo the boundary line butweou
Alaska and Britisli Columbia) the desirability of Canada acquiring the said
Point Roberts, either by purchase or by
giving a piece of laud lu British Columbia adjoining Alaska in exchange for the
said Point Roberts; and that His Honor
bo respectfully requested to transmit a
copy of this resolution to the Dominion
government." The mover said he made
this resolution to draw the attention of
the Dominion government to the fact
that tho lisliing and salmon trapping
whicli is now going on at Point Roberts,
near tho mouth of tho Fraser river, will
seriously affect ono of tbe most important and profitable industries of British
Columbia if allowed to continue. Point
Roberts is tbo southern end of a small
promonotory, completely isolated from
the United States. It is iu tho United
Slates but nut of it, and is really of no
value to tbat country. But the possession of it by the United States is calculated to do seriou.-. harm to tho Fraser
rivor salmon fishing.
Hon. Mr. Turner said ho thought' the
United States government might well be
approached on this subject, with the
proposition to exchange this small piece
of land for a larger pleco south of Alaska. The anomalous position of Point
Roberts at tbe present time causes a
great deal of trouble to both countrlos,
because the territory is made tbe headquarters for smugglers. If the matter
wero properly represented to the United
States government thoy would probably
consider the advantago to them of making the exchange proposed, and outer
into tho desired negotiations. The Interference with the salmon lishory mentioned in thu resolution ho thought is of
the utmost importance tu the Industry
In British Columbia, for persons opera-
ing on Point Roberts, not being bound
by any regulations, can catch lish at
less expense and undersell the canners
who have to comply with the law. llo
hud reason tu know to-day, through an
Intimation he had received from the old
country, that the salmon canning industry here is in a very critical condition.
He knew positively that Instructions
bave boon sent out to close several canneries in this Province, because there are
hundreds of thousands of cases of British Oolumbla salmon still unsold on the I
market and with no Immediate prospect
of sale, owing largely to tiie competition
of Alaska canneries and   those   In
Roberts a salmon j ing scheme is carried out as
Industry,    which,   between 20,1100 and 30,000 acn
i waters, is wholly ! will bo reclaimed, and this wil
strict regulations | U0 or 880 an acre.
s of land
bo worth
Bill road a second timo, after discussion.
Hon. Mr. Davio asked leave to introduce a bill to amend tho municipal act.
Read a lirst timo.
Tho Houso adjournod at 0 p.m.
Monday, March 12. .
Tho Speaker took tbo chair at 2 p.m.
The following bills woro introduced
and read a first timo:
To amend tho olection regulation act
and amending acts.
To amend tbo municipal act, 1892, and
amending act.
Mr. Sword moved for a return showing
tbe results of tbo revised consus iu each
enumerator's division, with a statement
showing in which of the new electoral
districts, or ridings of districts, each
enumerator's division was.
Motion agroed to.
Mr. Semlin moved that a respectful
address oo presented to His Honor tho
Lieutenant-Governor, praying that an
additional polling' place in the electoral
district of Yalo bo established at Boundary Crook.
Motion agreed to.
Hon. Col. Baker presented tho annual
report of the Minister of Mines for the
year ending 31st Docember, 1893.
Hon- Mr. Beaven inquired, what Is the
cause of delay in commencing work upon
the Parliament buildings?
Hon. Mr. Vernon���Tho building is in
tlie hands of the contractor, who says
the delay is caused by his being unable
to uso tho stone delivered to him.
Hon. Mr. Davio moved tho second
reading of the bill respecting the Nakusp
& Slocan railway. This, ho said was
ono of the enterprises included In the
railway aid act of last session, witb tho
Nicola & Spenco's bridgo and the Chilliwack railway. Uuder section 2 of that
act tho Government was empowered to
guarantee interest upon an amount
sufficient to build and equip the road,
but not to exceed 925,000 por mile, and
section (i limited the amount of the
guarantee to interest on $925,000, or the
cost to tho company of tho said railway
enterprise, whichever might be the
smaller sum. The measure passed the
House without division unanimously, as
had a'so the Shuswap & Okanagan
guarantee act at a previous session. The
railway act of last session followed closely upon the lilies of tbo act passed in
1890, respecting the Sbuswap & Okanagan railway. The public accounts beforo
tbe House last yoar showed the cost of
tbe latter road to havo reached the limit,
i.e., $25,000 a mile within a fractional
sum���aud the Government had guaranteed intorest accordingly at 4 per cent.
Practically, the government were authorized last year to do the samo with tbe
three roads, i.e., tho Nakusp & Slocan,
tho Nicola & Spencers bridgo, and tho
Chilliwack road, as with the Shuswap &
Okanagan, in 1890���with the variation,
howover, In the case of tho Chilliwack
road, that the municipalities wore to
pay one-half. Soon after tho House
rose the Executive took the enterprises
up, and conceiving the Nakusp & Slocan
road to be the most urgent tho Government took steps to enquire fully into its
merits, and, taking advantage of the
assizes, at which lie had public business
to transact, be (Mr. Davio) had gone to
the spot, and it did not take long to convince him of tiio vital Importance to the
country of Immediate construction of
the road to preserve the Kootenay trade,
which otherwise would he diverted to
tho south, and lost to British Columbia.
Tbe projected road would give access to
ono of the greatest mining regions of tbo
world, tho trado of which, without tho
road, would bo drained. The Nelson &
. I Fort Sheppard road, built by American
capital,  was   then   Hearing completion
Sound countryaiid at Point Roberts wliich , ^^^^^^_,	
can produce and soli  salmon  cheaper. ?J?a ha8 8lDceDoen��ompleted,oonneotlng
It Is true that the choapcr pioduct Is | , "! ('ullllt''y tributary to Kootonay
Inferior, hut this does not appear to pre- Ft u Jit tlu' rallwil>r systems of the
vent its sale. The point of land Is of i , u , ,tate8, T,lc Slocan country is
Itself of no great value to cither country j filiated from twouty to thirty miles to
but for the reasons stated he thought it! l , "������J������ ()t lll�� Kootenay Lake
would be well to bring it, iinilerCanadlan j midway between Kaslo and Nakusp, and
Jurisdiction If possible. I at the present timo the oro being  takon
Mr. Semlin said that In the  matter of  ou.' '" ,"" sl,,c��n is carried to Kaslo and
ulvising an exchange of land the Lcgls-1     p,p  ,��vor 'm Nelson & Fort Sbep-
uture should go very  carefully,   as   bo ' pttnl-    *"��y seemed  fully  alive  to  the
Immense trade which was opening up
rho hon. gentleman then proceeded to
show tbo Immense advantages that would
accrue to British Columbia from the construction of tho Nakusp & Slocan road,
and wont vory thoroughly and at groat
length Into ail tbo details of tho action
taken by tbe Govornment. Ho mado
manifest tbo large saving effected in
putting tho road under construction by
the method decided upon, and explained
tho safeguards that had been- providod
against loss to tho Provlnco. His presentation of tho business was lucid and
exhaustive, and wo rogret that limited
space prevents tho Canadian from publishing the whole able address
latum shoulil go very
folt confident that au exchange could bo
offected only at considerable expense to
Canada. From what he knew of the
United States government he thought
that If theyconsonted to surrender Point
Roberts thoy would want Vancouver
Island In oxchange, or at least Queen
Charlotto Island. However much of a
nuisance tbo operations now carried on
on Point Roborts might be, the Legislature should think vory seriously before
recoiumonding tho surrender of anv part
of British Columbia fronting on the sea
In the vicinity of Alaska, for tho Provlnco has not so many ports on her
western coast that she can afford to part
with any. Ho would much prefer, in
place of giving away any land adjoining
Hon. Mr. Beaven said it appoared
thistle, whicli is just beginning to come j Alaska, to consider a proposition for the j blm that tho greater"nart'of'ThoTf "U
in now.    Another obnoxious weed is the  Purchase   of   that   long   strip   running mation contained In   the   ntiaonl,   ���r V?
wild mustard, and If It  could  bo  kept'down   from   Alaska  and   forming   tho Attornoy-Goneral was quite now  t    , '"
down by any moans tho result would bo ! western boundary of a large part of the Houso.   It confirmed what hn ,\r    ,,
very   beneficial    to   all   farmers.     Ho  Province.    He had vory little hope that ven) had already   contender   iw ''io
thought that tho bill  possibly  went too  negotiations now suggested could be SUC- House, that If the policy of the V
far, but ho heartily agreed  with  its ob-  cessful, though ho would not oppose tho ment Is to plodgo tho credit   '."��� "ovorn"
Ject. resolution. [trv to bu���d r,ll]roa(ls ^ "j^0^ a\3
them. Tbe step now proposed he considered one of great magnitude and importance, and In order to do justice to it
he thought tho discussion on the bill
should be deferred for a day at any rate.
He noticed that while the Attornev-
General said tho Government reserved
tbe right to acquire a half-interest in
the road, tbo agreement provided that
only 49 por cent, could be acquired,
leaving the control in tho hands of the
company. But apart from this the
proposition seems to be tbat the Oovern-
ment shall first build the road and then
pay a large sum for a part interest in it.
In order that ho might have an opportunity of seeing the remarks of the Attorney-General In print, be moved that
tbe debate bo adjourned.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Hunter moved the adoption of the
roport from committee on the Kaslo-
Slocan railway bill.
Hon. Mr. Beaven said it appeared that
as the object of this bill is to reduce the
road from standard to narrow gauge,
thero should be some provision made to
ensure that the whole land grant provided in tho original scheme should not
bo given for a narrow gauge road.
Hon. Mr. Davie pointed out that the
matter of the hind grunt could not be
dealt with by this bill, butnuistbe treated separately.
Moiion agreed to.
Tho Chilliwack drainage bill was read
a second time, the by-law on account ot
the absence of whicli the debate had been
adjourned having since been attached to
the bill.
The House went into committee of the
whole on the Brunette sawmill bill, Mr.
Hun ter in the chair.
Bill reported complete with amendments.
Mr. Horno moved the second rending
of the bill relating to certain public
works in f ho township of Richmond. The
object of the bill Is to declare valid a
contract dated May 28, 1891, between the
McLean Brothers and the corporation,
and that thev and their aslgnce, Robert
Alexander Anderson, aro entitled to receive $4,970 for the debt, $1,095 damages
and $716 ana $390 for co.-ds of suit and
interest, amounting in the wholo to
$7,343 after deducting $813 lately paid as
aforesaid. Tho bill also declares valid
the by-law passod In connection witb tbe
There was a very vigorous discussion
on the bill, lasting upwards of two hours,
and it was then passed on division of 19
to 8, the minority being Messrs. Keith,
Foster, Brown, Beaven, Semlin, Sword,
Kitchen and Cotton.
The Houso adjourned at 10.45 p.m.
Tuesday, March 12.
Spoaker took the chair at 3 o'clock.
The debate on the Nakusp-Slocan railway was resumed and took up almost
tho whole of the sitting. Mr. Beaven
was the principal speaker, and was still
on the lloor when the House adjourned
at B o'clock.
"When Booth and Coquftlln Mel.
"I often recall witb interest," writes
Mrs. Lucy H. Hooper from PariB to a
Philadelphia paper, "tbe only time that
Constant Coquelin nnd Edwin Booth
ever met. They breakfasted with me on
the occasion of Booth's brst visit to Paris
after hia London engagement. 1 longed
for an artist to sketch tbe pair, one ag
perfect an embodiment of comedy as tho
other was of tragedy. Neither could
speak a word of the other's language,
yet so vivacious were their gestures, so
expressive the changing play of their
jfeatures, that words woro scarcely needed. I, who acted as interpreter, found
it necessary merely to indicate what one
or the other wished to Bay, and then the
subject would be so vividly carried on
by looks and movements that no farther
indications were wanted."
Intonating Experiment..
The Armstrong Gun Company has
shown some very interesting experiments with the latest ordnance. A IS
inch gun was fired four times in twenty
seconds, an 8-inch gun three times in
thirty seconds. A torpedo was driven
satisfactorily with cordite as powder.
There was a search light which would
keop its beam upon au object no matter
how violently the vessel rolled. A 10-
inch thirty-ton gun, when it was fired,
opened the breoch screw by the recoil
and wound up a spring, which, whan
released, would close tiie breach again.
A 4 710 field howitzer anchored itself
after the first discharge by driving a
spade-shaped plate into the ground,
after which its recoil was met by a
jacket which surrounds it. A ll inch
gun, with light portable disappearing
mountings, for a siege train, could bo
taken apart so that no portion weighed
more than three tons, ten hours being
required to mount it. A Cinch naval
gun fired five rounds in sixty nine seconds, each time nt a different range and
target. A plate of Bpeclal steel designed
for a shield received rifle and I ratling
gun fire at 100 yards range without a
single penetration, while tlie plate
hithorto used was penetrated at every
shot, the (ratling gun almost cutting it
in two.	
Freeing �� Well of Foal Air.
"I saw," says a writer in a Western
paper, "a curious method used, tho
other day, in Illinois to take the foul
air ont of a well. T' e well was to be
cleaned, but the man that took the job
was afraid to go down until ho had
ascertained the quality of the air at tho
bottom. He lot down a lighted candle,
and when it bad deoended to about six
feet of the bottom il wont out as sudden
ly as though extinguished by a whiff of
air. That was all bo wanted to know.
Ho was then suro that the well had
poisonous gas in it, and took a small
umbrella, tied a string to the handlo and
lowered it open into tho well. Having
lot it go nearly to tho bottom, ho drew
it up, carried it a few feet from the woll
and upset it. He repeated this operation
twenty or thirty times, with all the bystanders laughing at him; then again
lowered the light, which burned clear
and bright even at the bottom. He then
condescended to explain that the gas in
the well was carbonic acid gas, which is
heavier than tho air, and therefore could
be carried in an umbrella just as though
it were so mucli water. It waa a simple
trick, yet perfectly effective."
Sara's Opinion.
Madame Bernhardt has expressed her
opinion regarding several of hor fellow-
players. Mury Anderson she considers
very beautiful and graceful, and a���a
good uctroHS, but not groat. Mrs. Lang-
try is beautiful, beautiful I "But Ellen
Terry is the artist I love. Oh, she is a
grent, :i grand artist���so graceful, so bewitching; and Mr. Irving is nn artist,
too���more artist, however, than actor."
The Polar BmIu- Suihii Curious Scientific
Fact. Be.peetlng It���Tne Taut Area
of the Polar gea���The Great Glacier, of
There is, said Henry Seebohm to the
British Association lately, only one polar
basin; the relative.distribution of land
nnd wal t nnd the geographical distribution of light and heat iu the arctic region are abooiutelv unique. Iu no other
part oi' tho world is n similar climate to
"��� foc.ud. Tlie distribution of land ami
wider round tbe South Pole is almost the
converse of that round the North Polo,
.n tho one we huve a mountain of
snow noil ice covering a lofty muss of
congealed water surrounde i by an ocean
���trvitohi ig away with very littlo in
terruptio i from land to the confines of
v ie tropics. In tlie other wo have n basin
uf wator surrounding a comparatively
'hit plain of pack ice, some of which is
pro ��� ibly permanent(theso-called paloo-
cry: ;S Bea). i at most of whicli is driven
liitii'jr and thither in summer by winds
ud L'urronts and is walled in  by  cou-
ital aud island barriers broken only
by .   ��� narrow outlets of Beliriug btrailu j
..id '.' ���������-���.; ��� Bay, an i   the broader gulf
���   ; leu is to the Atlantic Ocean, and
i vou t;.ni interrupt I by Iceland, Spitz-
be go i and Franz Josef Land,
ii' wo assume tbat the unknown regions are principally sou, then the polar
iiiisin. iuciudin ; the area drained by all
rivers ,-,- .ing into the Artie Sen, may
bo roll rhly estimated to contain about
14,UUU,0uU square miles, of which half is
land and half water. In the oldest part
of tho basin the bind is either glacier or
tundra, and in the wanner parts it is
either forest or steppe. Greenland, the
home of the glacier and the mother of
the icebergs of the Northern Atlantic,
rises 9,000 or 10,000 feet abovo the sea
level, while the sea between that lofty
plateau and Scandinavia is tho deepest
l.iio ,vn in the polar basin, though it is
separated from the rest of the Atlantic
by a broad belt or submarine plateau
poniieoting Greenland across Iceland
ami the Faroes with the British Islands
and Europe, Iceland, Spitsbergen and
Novaya-Zoinlia, the latter a continuation of the Urals, aro all mountains and
full of glaciers. The glaciers of Southern Alaska are some of the largest in
the world.
No More Charity for Him.
Two little boys scantily clad but apparently perfectly happy stood on a
gi'rtl i:ur looking at the good things in a
baker's window. The good-natured German baker's sympathies were aroused
and, biking a five cent apple pie from
tiie window, he handed it to the boy
nearest to the door. The latter had
lie'in n broad-minded eommuir t before
in-git the pie. Suddenly he developed
into a bloated capitalist aud shoved the
pie under his coat.
"Gi' me a piece?" cried his comrade.
"Oh'. go take a sneak. Didn't his nobs
give it to me ?"
"Nuw, he didn't He give half of it
to me."
"You're a liar!"
' 'You're another I"
A dirty fist shot out and struck the
pie holder on the nose. A clinch foi
lowed, and over each other the two
voting wildcats rolled, Stained with
mud, blood and pie stuffing. The baker
looked out of his window and exclaimed;
"Dot charity is no good alretty. De
next time vat I gifs a pie away I keep it
ItefUHe Destruction   by Electricity.
The City Council of Harrowgate has
resolved, it is stated, that an apparatus
for the sorting and combustion of the
town's refuse be made a part of the electric lighting plant. Many "destructors"
have been erected primarily with the
object of burning the refuse, aud the
question of utilizing tho heat evolved
durj.it,' such burning has either been entirely neglected, or at the best but a
feeble attempt has been made to turn
such bent to some useful purpose. On
tbe basis of the results obtained in experimental tests there is enough fuel in
the town ashpit refuse to supply steam
power for an electric lighting plant
doable the size of the first equipment,
and this without further capital outlay
in a drying aud sorting plant.���Electrical Engineer.
Sin is essentially a departure from
Sincerity and truth are the basis of
every virtue.���Confucius.
Nothing is more simple than greatness, indeed. To be simplo is to be
Wo cannot control the evil tongues of
others, I mt a good life enables us to de-
: j Ise them.���Cato.
Settle' it in your heart that it is the
sum of all your business and blessodnoss
to live for God.���J. Wesley.
Mystery is but another name for ignorance, if wo were omniscient, everything would be plain.���Tryon Edwards.
As a plaster cannot heal tho wound
while tho arrow is sticking in it, so
prayer will not profit hiin who regards
iniquity in his huart.��� Cawdey.
Neighbor was once only a nigh-boor,
or the boor or fanner who livod nearest.
Kid gloves are Bowed with cotton
thread, as it dons not cut the kid as
readily us silk.
Lawn is fino linon bleached on tho
lawn instead of the ordinary drying
Legal executions in Mexico aro by
shooting, and tako plaoe in the prison
A grave mistake accidentally burying a man alive.
line Pound of  Coal.
If a pound of coal is subjected to a
dry distillation and the products and
residuals treated chemically by tho processes for obtaining the well-known coal
tnr colors, thu one pound so treated will
yield enough magenta to color 500 yards
of flannel, Vermillion for 8,800 yards, nn-
rine for 120 yards, and alizarine sufficient for 155 yards of rod cloth.���House-
Quick Shooting.
Archduke Salvntor of Austria has perfected an automatic mitrailleuse that
will lire from -l.",0 to 480 shots a minute.
Smokeless powder can be used in all
weathers. Forty thousand rounds have
been tired from ono barrel of one of the
new guns without injuriously affecting
tho barrel.
The   Mechanism   of   the   Most   C   -union
Article of Attire.
Open your watch and look at the little
wheels, springs and screws, each an indispensable part of the whole wonderful
machine. Notice the busy littlo balance
wheel as it flies to an fro unceasingly,
day and night, year in and year out.
This wonderful little machine is the result of hundreds of years of study and experiment. The watch carried by the
average man is composed of ninety eight
pieces, and its manufacture embraces
more than 2,000 distinct and separate
operations. Some of the smallest screws
are so minute that the unaided eye cannot
distinguish them from steel tilings or
specks of dirt. Under a powerful magnifying glass a perfect screw is revealed. The slit in the head is 2-1000 of an
inch wide. It takes 308,000 of these
screws to weigh a pound, and a pound
is worth ��1,585. The hairspring is a
strip of the finest steel, about 9J inches
long and 1-100 inch wide and 27-10,000
inch thick. It is coiled up in a spiral
form and finely tempered. Ths process
of tempering these springs wus long
held as a secret by the few fortunate
ones possessing it, and even now is noi
generally known. Their manufacture
requires great skill and care. The strip
is gauged to 20 1000 of an inch, but no
measuring Instrument has as yet been
devised capable of line enough gauging
to determine beforehand by tho bi/.e ol
tho strip what the strength of tbe finished spring will be. A 1-20,000 part ol
an inch difference in the thickness ot
tho strip makes a difference in the run
ning of a watch of about six minutes
per hour.
Tho value of these springs, when finished and placed in watches, is enormous iu proportion to the material from
which they aro made. A comparison
will give a good idea. A ton of steel
made up into hair-springs when iu
watches is worth more than twelve and
one-half times the value of the same
weight of pure gold. Hair-spring wire
weighs one-twentieth of a grain to the
inch. One mile of wire weighs less
than half a pound. The balance gives
five vibrations every second, 800 every
minute, 18,000 every hour, 432,000
every day, and 157,680,000 every
year. At each vibration it rotates about
one and one-fourth times, whioh makeB
197,100.000 revolutions every year. In
order tnat we may better understand
the stupendous amount of labor performed by these tiny workers let us
make a few comparisons. Take, for illustration, a locomotive with six-foot
driving wheels. Let its wheels be run
until they have given the same number
of revolutions that a watch does in one
year, and they will have covered a dis
tance equal to twenty-eight complete
circuits of tho earth. All this a watch
does without other attention than winding onoe every twenty-four hours.
A Natural Boxer.
James J. Corbett, the pugilist, said:
"Let me begin at the beginning and tell
yon about my starting in this business
I learned to box when a kid, and never
remember the timo when I got hurt. I
was made for a boxer, for I have the
correct shape and wind. Then I am
quick, a most necessary accomplishment
in this business. No, I did not choose
it, though.
"PerhapB you know that for several
years I was in a bank and earned the
magnificent salary of $100 a month. It
makes me smile to think of it now, because I spend fully that sum on a suit
of clothes to day. I belonged at that
time to the most exclusive club in California ��� the Olympia ��� and regularly
boxed for pleasure. One day the
thought struck me, why not do this
for a livelihood t I may go on for life
as a bank clerk at $100 a month, and it
is worth risking.
"There was a terrible time In the
house when I told them I was going in
tho ring for money. But that was the
turning point in my life. I have four
brothers and five sisters, and none ot
them has even been able to help the old
folks like me. In fact, I am doing so
well that I would do the same thing over
again, I am sure.
"I think one sort of works np, asa
rule, to one's vocation, although there
are some who never reach the goal. Yon
will find it is the unsuccessful ones who
wish to live their lives over again, but
the men like myself who aro fast mak
ing monoy don't want to. When I have
made a big pile I shall retire, for if you
are only rich people are not apt to ask
what you have made it in. Riches speak
for themselves."
Tinning Cast Iron.
A company in France tins cast iron
by first covering it electrically with a
coating of nickel and iron or cobalt and
iron. One kilogram of sulphate, nitrate
or chlorate of nickel is mixed with three
kilograms of the sulphate of iron and
one kilogram of citric or tartaric acid;
or one-half kilogram of sulphate, nitrate
or chlorate of cobalt with throe kilograms
of sulphate of iron; this is dissolved in
100 litres of water, to which a sufficient
quantity of a caustic alkali is added to
neutralize the solution completely; a
little bisulphato of potash, soda or
ammonia may be added to incroaso the
conductivity. Tho cast iron is immors-
od and a current is passed having a
density of about 60 amperes per square
metro of surface to bo coatedj about
sevon volts aro required.���Electrical
Uow the   Scriptures  Were  Written.
Tho Scriptures were first written on
skins, linen cloth or papyrus, and rolled
up as we roll engravings. The old
Testament was written in the old Hebrew character���an offshoot of tho
Phiunician. It was symbol language as
writton, having no vowels. Tho consonants only were written and the vowel
sound supplied by the voice. The
words ran together in a continuous line.
After the Hebrew became a dead language vowels were supplied to preserve
usage, which was passing away. After
the Babylonish captivity the written
Hebrew was modified by the Aramaic,
and schools of reading taught the accent
and emphasis. Then oame the separation of words from each other, then division into verses.
Koyul Templars.
A temperance society has been organized in St. Petersburg, Russia, which
includes a brother of the reigning Czar
and a high official of the Greek Church,
and the ministers of all the departments
of tho Government.
 in. f;,-l
He A Trump,
When a friend turns out not lo toe a
trump, then is tho time to dieonrnj.���
Boston Transcript. ��� a
The Onrnet  Industry. ,"���"*
In Bohemia 10,000 men are engaged
hi handling and finish; ;g gamete.
Enrope Slowly Growing Colder.
That the continent of Europe is passing through a cold period has been
pointed out by M. Flammarion, the
French astronomer. During the past
six years the mean temperature of Paris
has been about two degrees below the
normal, and Great. Britain, Belgium,
Spain, Italy, Austria and Germany have
also been growing cold. The change
seems to have been in progress in France
for a long time, the growth of the vine
having been forced far southward since
tlie thirteenth century; and a similar
cooling has been observed as far away
as Rio de Janeiro, where the annual
temperature haB been going down
for some years past.���Scientific
When Chilrlron Grow.
The British Medical Monthly offers
some interesting statements, which our
readers may test for themselves if they
will, as to the timeB of growth of the
human body.
Tlie year of greatest growth in the
boys is tho seventeenth; in girls the
fourteenth. Whilo girls reach full
height in their fifteenth year, they acquire full weight at tlie age of twenty.
Boys are stronger than girls from
birth to the eleventh year; then girls
become physically supeiior until the
seventeenth year, whei. tbe tables are
turned, and remain so.
From November to April children
grow very little and gain no weight;
from April to July tbey gain in height,
but lose in weight, and from July to
November they incroaso greatly in
weight, but not in height.
A Husband's Kebuke.
"How do Hook?" said Dr. Kalsowmell
to hia young wife as he exhibited his new
"Dressed to kini" sho oxclnimad enthusiastically.
"My dear," replied her husband gently, "you shouldn't talk shop."���Judga.
Estray Horses.
Strayed into tho premises 'if the un-
derslgnad in the month of December
last, ono gray golding and ono bay mare.
Tbo owner is hereby required to call and
prove aroperty, pay expenses and tako
tho animals away.
Cloverdale, Surrey.
Cloverdale, March 0, 1894.
Mcdonald bros.
Best Hungarian Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Best Oregon Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Best Ceylon Tea, 35 cents per lb.
Granulated Sugar, 20 lbs., $1.
Yellow Sugar, 31 lbs., $1.
Currants, 15 lbs., $1.    Raisins, 15 lbs. $1
Japan Rice, 18 lbs. $1.    Beans, 4c. per lb
Tomatoes, 10 tins, $1
Corn, l'eas, and Beans, 11 tins, $1.
American Coal OU, $1.00.
Corn Starch, 10 cents por lb.
Bird Seed, 10 cents por lb.
Milk, 15 cents por tin.
Sago, (I cts. per lb.    Tapioca, 6 cts. per lb
Pickles, 30 cents per bottle.
Worcestershire Sauce, 20 cts. per bottlo.
Blue Point Oysters, 20 conts per tin.
Colman's Mustard. 25 cents per tin.
Poarline, 0 lbs., $1.
Fresh Ground Coffee, 25 conts per lb.
Prunes, 12 lbs., $1.
Ev. Apricots, ii lbs., fl.
Balance of Crockery aud Glassware at
a sacrifice.
All other goods at equally low prices.
1ST Cash must accompany all orders.
720 Columbia street,
New Westminster, B. C.
To Contractors.
^EALED TENDERS, endorsed "Ten-
O der," will be received by tho Honourable the Chief Commissioner of Lands
und Works up to 4 o'clock p. m., of
Tuesday, Oth March next, for the erection of a Provincial Home for Aged
Persons at Kamloops.
Plans nnd specilicutions enn be seen,
nnd forms for tender obtained, at tbe
ollice of 11. MucKay Frlpp, Esq., Architect, Vancouver, at the Government
Office at Kamloops, and at the oflice of
the undersigned.
Tbe lowost or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
Deputy Commissioner Lauds & Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, Oth Ftbruary. 1804.
After Feb, 1st,
Bennett, tbe Jeweler,
will bo found In the. Store next to Tramway office, lately occupied by
Davidson Bros.
Best   and   Largest
Stock in Town.
Any   Style  of  Jewelry
made to order.
US' Wo make a specialty of repairing
Chronographs, Repeaters, and all fino
and complicated watches.
Orders by mail solicited.
New Westminster
Sinclair <fe Go's
Opposite Tramway Office, ColiWa Street.
Stallions for Sale.
Por Sale, two thoroughbred Clydesdale
Stallions, weighing about 1,700 pounds
each. Will bo sold on easy terms. For
further particulars apply to
Mount AOrnon, Wash.
Estray Steer.
Strayed into tbo promises of tho undersigned, on or about 1st December
last, a red and whito steer. Tho owner
Is hereby notified to prove property, pay
expenses, and tako the animal away.
Jan. 13, '94. Elgin, B. C.
Corner of Columbia ft MeKenzie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings Bank
Has  been  opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Interest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and one-half per cent.
finite : ii: IMtrtalii.
Telephone 170. Corner of
P.O. Box 58. Agnes *  MeKenzie Sts.
& HOY'S,
Dupont Block,  Coi.umma St. ���
Colniia Street, New Westminster.
Tho Latest and Choicest Patterns in ScotoU
and English Tweeds, Etc., for fall and winter
Get Prices!
ALL placer claims and leaseholds in
Vancouver Island and adjacent
islands legally held may bo laid over
from the 16th day of November, 1893,
until tho 1st day of June, 1894.
Cold Commissioner.
Victoria, B. C. Cth Docember, 1893.
"Fire Insurance Policy Act, 1893."
NOTICE is hereby   Riven   that  His
Honor   the   Lieutenant-Governor
in Council has named the
in lieu of tho 1st day of January, 1894,.
as the date upon  which "An Act to secure Uniform Conditions in  Policies ol
Fire Insurance," shall come Into force.
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Ollice,
20th Decomber, 1893.
NOTICE is hereby Riven that Assessed
and  Provincial Revenue Taxes,
for the year 1894, are now due and uav-
nblo at my ollice, Court House, Now
Westminster, at tlie following rates:���
If paid on or before 30th June :
Ouo-half of one por cent, on tho
assessed valuo of real estate.
Two per cent, on  the assessed vain
of wild land.
One-third of one per cent, on tho
assessed value of personal property.
Ono-half of one per cont. on tbo In-
cumo of every person of 81,r>U0
or ovor.
If paid on or after 1st July :
Two-thirds of one  per cent, on thu
assessed value of real  property.
Two and one-half per cent, on tho
assessed valuo of wild land.
Ono-half of one per cunt, on tho assessed valuo of personal property
Three-quarters of ono per cont. on
tho Iiicomo of ovory person of
81,500 or over.
Provincial Revenue Tax, $3 por capita
(New Westinlnstor and Vancouver Cltle��
All parties whoso taxes aro In arrears
up to 31st Docember, 1893, aro requested
to pav tho samo forthwith, or costs will
bo incurred at an early date.
All taxes duo on property in thoTowu-
sltes of Hastings, Port Moody, Mission-
City, Abbotsford and Huntingdon are
also pavablo to
Assessor and Collector for lite. Electoral Dull-iris of Westminster. Nt w Westminster
City ami Vancouver City.
Now Westminster, Jan. 16th, 1894. 2>��^T   C0P4
NEW   WESTMInn   till,   BltlTlSH   C
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
This is a price that suits the times, and no home   need be
without a good Home Paper.
will find the PACIFIC CANADIAN a particularly desirable
Advertising Medium. It reaches the people that merchants
and others want to reach, and in the chief agricultural districts of the Province, the CANADIAN has a larger circulation than any other newspaper whatsoever.
It is the especial aim  of the  Publishers to  make the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter Jto suit the
tastes of old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
Nature's Care of Seed.
In some parts of the world, notably
in the Malay Archipeligo, vast quantities of vegetable matter are always
floating about on the sea, says the
Washington Star. On the Molucca Is
lands the trees seem to dispute with th��
waves of tlie ocean for the possession oi
the soil. Not only are their roots and
often portions of their trunks immersed
in water, but their branching crowns
incline in tbe same direction and ar��
bathed by the tides. Thus tbe numerous currents of the Molucca Sea are
charged with seaweeds, intermixed
with flowers, fruits, cocoanuts, nuts or
other palms nnd even whole trees. The
amount of driftwood thrown npon all
shores is enormous. Eskimo along the
Arctic coast of Alaska depend npon it
wholly for wood supply. Natives of
the coral islands of the Pacific got all
I heir slones for tools from the roots of
drifted trees, in which the stones were
found imbedded.
The carrying of seeds by ocenn currents is one of nature's most interesting
nn tin 's of distributing plants through
the wo el. Darwin.jwho devoted much
attention to investigating the matter,
proved that many kinds of seeds will
bear immersion in water for 100 days,
or even more, and still retain their vitality, so that when thrown ashore tliey
arc ready to sprout. Not a few species,
winch will sink when green, flout if
tliey have chanced to dry before falling
into ihe stream whicli carries them lo
the ocean. For the very purpose of accomplishing this distribution by water,
nature has made the husks of many
seeds practically waterproof. Among
the familiar objects picked up on the
ocean beach aro the socalled seubeans.
It is popularly supposed that the plants
which bear these beans grow in the
water. The beans are found in enormous quantities on the Florida shore,
and in diminishing numbers northward
along the Atlantic coast. They are the
seeds of pod-bearing vines���climbing
plants plentiful along the shores of the
Caribbean sea. Each pod, resembling
an exaggerated peapod, contains a number of seeds. The latter, falling when
ripe into the water, are carried by the
gulf stream around the south end of
Florida and up the Atlantic coast.
There are three important varieties,
one reddish and flat, another more
round and gray, and the third much
bigger and of a mahogany color.
Its Deadline*! Due to the Poison Contain-
Ing Urine Germ*
The heads of most of the venomous
makes, including the "rattlers," bulge
just beyond the neck. Without exception they have fangs, either always erect
or raised and laid back at will. These
fangs are long, sharp-pointed teeth,
with a hollow groove running their entire length. At the root of each fang
is a little bag of poison. When the
snake bites the motion presses the poison
sac, and its contents flow down through
the hollow in the tooth into the puncture or wound. The harmless little
forked tongue is often spoken of by the
uninformed as the snake's "stinger."
Now, there is n.-> pro] riety in tho name,
as the poisonous snakes uo not BtinK,
but bite their victims. There is no
creature, even if brought from foreign
countries where ' 'rattlers" do not exist,
but will halt and tremble at the first
warning sound of the rattle.
Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, with others, has
been makinff experiments with the
venom of different serpents. He has
found that, aside from its poisoning
qualities, it contains living germs, which
have the power of increasing enormously
fast. So, you see, when an animal is
bitten these tiny bits of life entering
with the poison cause harmful action
to begin almost at once. Dr. Mitchell
has found that the nervous centre controlling the act of striking seems to be
in the spinal cord, for if he cut off a
snake's head and then pinched its tail,
the stump of its neck turned back and
would have struck his hand had he been
bold enough to hold it still.���St.
Turkish Groat Guns.
In 1478 Mohammed II., in forming the
siege of Scutari, in Albania, employed
fourteen heavy bombards, the lightest
of which threw a  stone shot of three
hundred and seventv pounds' weight,
two sent shots of five hundred pounds,
two of seven hundred and fifty pounds,
two of eight hundred and fifty pounds,
one of twelve hundred pounds, five of
fifteen, and one of the enormous weight
of sixteen hundred and forty pounds,
enormous even in  theso days, for the I
only Kuns whose shot exceeds tbo heavi- j
est of these are our eighty-ton guns, j
throwing   a   seventeen-hundred-pound j
projectile, our one-hundred-ton throw- i
ing one of two thousand pounds, and I
the one-hnndred-and-tenton  throwing j
an eighteeii-hundrod-pound  shot with a
high    velocity.   The    stone   shot   of!
Mohammed's    guns    varied   between!
twenty and thirty-two inches in diamo-
ter, about the same height ns ft dining-
table; twenty-five hundred and thirty-
four of thom wero fired on this occasion,
weighing, according to a calculation of
Gen. Lefroy's, about one thousand tons, :
and wero cut out of the solid rock on tha
spot.    Assuming twenty-four incheB as
the average diameter of tlie shot fired at
this siego, tiio total area of tho surfaco
dressed wan nearly thirty-two thousand j
square feet.    At this siego the weight of j
the powder fired is estimated bv Gen. I
Lefroy to have been two hundred and
fifty tons.   At tho siego of Rhodes, in I
1480,  Mohammed caused sixteen basi- !
lisks, or double cannon,  to bo cast on
the spot,  throwing balls two to three
feet in diameter.���Chamber's Journal.
The Curious Letter Q.
The letter Q is a superfluous alphabetic character���a nondescript of the
worst sort and of no more real value in
expressing or helping to express our
thoughts in writing than one of the
Chinese word signs would be. It never
ends an English word and cannot begin one without the aid of the letter U
being invariably followed by the last-
mentioned letter in all words belonging
to our language. The man doesn't live
that can tell the "why" of the peculiar
relation of the letters Cj and U, or why
the former was given its curious name.
Some argue that its name was applied
because of the tail or cue at the bottom
of tho letter, but the original Q, when
sounded just as it is to-day, was made
without the cue, the character much re-
sem tiling the English sign for pound���
��.��� New York Times.
Yes, he's real queer lookin, Cap'n Zach
Crane is. You wouldn't guess to see him
that he's the riches' man in tewn, I don't
nelievo. An he's the very picter of his
fat her. His father's been dead these 20
year an more. Ho wus always called
"old Cap'n Zach"or"old Zach," an he
was the grumpiest, growliest old cretur
I ovor come across. He was terrible
stingy, too, an he hated roligion an everything that was good as fur as I know
except bis wifo an son. He had a wooden log an only one eye, but he was smart,
I tell you, an bo mado money baud over
fist. After he got too old to go reg'lar
voyages be begun puttin his savin's out
at interest, an you might have thought
the family was paupers, they lived so
close. But it was all to save up for the
boy. They didn't have but just one, an
tbey both of 'em set their eyes by him.
But for all that Cap'n Zach couldn't
hardly wait for bim to be old enough to
go to sea, ah if it hadn't been for his
mother I'll bet that child would have
shipped when he was 10 year old. Mis'
Crane she had a sort of a ihfiooance over
Ibe old man, but as quick as she died he
took the boy with him on a whalin voyage for two years. You see, the cap'n
was terrible afraid he'd want to go to
school or in a store or somethin an bo a
beggarly landlubber. That's what the
cap'n called every one that wasn't a sea-
farin man. He hadn't no opinion of folks
that got their livin ashore, an he wasn't
one to keep his idees to himself, I tell
So the boy went with his father as
long as he sailed, but the year I was married an come here to livo waB Cap'n
Zuoh's first season home, an young Zach
he went out third mate of a whaler, I
rem jiuber it well, because father got the
I'heumatiz that spring an had to stay
nsbore for a long while. I expect I didn't
feel as bad as I'd ought to, for it kep'
him witb me, an as long as he wasn't in
real pain 1 was contented, an we was
pretty happy if we did have to manage
close to get along.
Well, one mornin in September father
come in lookin dreadful down in the
mouth. Ho didn't speak, but took out
his pipe and set down right where you be
this minute an begun to smoke. I knew
somethin was wrong, but I'd lived with
him long enough to find ont he wasn't
one to be questioned, so I kep' on workin
round, an pretty soon he Bays, without
lookin at me, "Dode Avery's failed np,
"For the lan's sakel" says I, sittin
down on the meal chest, struck all of a
heap. Failures wasn't so common them
days an sounded scarefnl to me, ao father wasn't much better.
An Arab Oonrtahlp. -~
Bashful lovers aro almost an unknown
curiosity in Arabia, for Arab "courtship" is unceremonious, to say the least
of it. A young in.-a sees a girl whom
he would like to marry in another tribe.
He rides up at night, finds out where she
is sleeping, dashes up to her tent, snatches
her up in his arms, puts her before him
on his horse and sweeps away like the
wind. If he happens to be caught, he
is shot; if he is not, the tribe from which
he has stolen the girl pays them a visit
in a few days. A priest of the tribe
joins the bands of the young man and
Sirl, and both tribes join in the fust ivies. Most of the brave men steal their
wives, but there are some few peace loving youths who do not. On a calm moonlight night you may see one of these latter Bitting before the tent of his ladylove singing a song of his own composition and playing a stringed Instrument
something like our baaj��. Toll ia his
"Yes, he's failed up for good an all,"
says father. "Ho called a meetin of us
all this mornin and said if we'd let him
go on awhile longer he'd pay us every
cent, but they wouldn't let him," says
father, shakin his head. I don't remem-
bor exactly how it was, but at all events
if the creditors didn't wait they wouldn't
get but a small part of their money back,
and Dode he'd loose everything he had
in the world. Ho was a real well moan-
in man, Dode was. Theodore Avery
was liis name, but every one called him
Dodo, au it sort of fitted him somo way.
He was sbif'leBs an easy goin, that I will
say, an folks was down on him, 'specially old Cap'n Zach. Dode and father
went ono voyago together when they
wore youngsters, an they'd nl ways been
real good friends. Father didn't blame
him a mi to for not goin to sea again as
long as he liked the shore better, but
Cap'n Zach couldn't seem to stomach it
no way, an he used to keep a-flingin it
and a-fiingin it at Christy Avery (she
was some relation of the cap'n'swife)
that she'd married a "miser'ble land
huggin lubber." But she didn't care a
grain, bless you. She set everything by
Dodo an got along with him first rate.
After Christy's mother died, leavinhet
the house, Dode borrowed some money
an set up a "slopshop"���all kin's of
clothes an things for sailors, you know.
Father lent him what he could an persuaded the rest of 'em. That was one
tiling made him feel worse. He knew
Dode was honest an would pay 'cm if ho
bad time, but the way they was actin
thoy would loso most all they'd put in.
The shop was in the front part of Christy's house, so they hadn't no rent to pay,
and they might have done real well, for
they was both of 'em pleasant to trade
with. But they was queer. Like's not
if a mac went in to bay a hat he'd find
Dode playin the fiddle to Christy an the
baby, an the man would set and listen,
too, an have a chat, an a little drop of
rum maybe, and ten to one he'd forget
what he come for an go off without spend-
in a cent. 'Twasn't so at Quinn's up th*
street. A body couldn't so much as look
in their winder but what they was out
tryin to sell somethin, an the consequence
was Quinn was unJrin money, an Dode
he failed up. He wasn't nobody's enemy
but his own, you understand, an he waa
honest, but shif less���just ehif'less.
By litf'��s an littles father told me that
he and some of the rest���there was five
of 'em���said they'd wait, but Cap'n Zach
bo said no���Dode Avery'd had more
chance than he ever did, ao he hadn't no
opinion of talks' honesty that was too
wnlfce livered to earn their bread by tha
sea as their fathers did afore 'em, an he
wasn't goin to throw good money after
bad keepin that shop afloat no longer.
"I was overpersuaded in the fust place
by you, Jonas Stiles," he says to father,
"but the end bus come. It's goin to stop."
The rest of 'em turned right round then
an said they held with Cap'n Zach. Father told me that all the time they was'
talkin he see the calico curtain on the
door from the shop into the kitchen
waviu an blowin as if tbo door was held
open a crack, an after Cap'n Zach spoke
out so the door shut to, an he conld
hear a woman Bobbin somewhere.
Well, I felt awful. To be sure, there
was two sides to it. The men had earned
their money hard, an they was poor
enough an couldn't afford to lose it, but
it seemed as if it might have been fixed
up so as to benefit 'em all if Cap'n Zach
hadn't been so fierce.
"I suppose they can sell, the house,"
says I after father got through an set
there drawin at this pipe that waa cold
as stone, only he didn't sense it,
"That's the worst of it all, Ad'line,"
says he, "for the house is mortgaged up
to the handle���to old Zach���an he's goin
to foreclose."
"Good Lord'a'mercy 1 What'U become
of 'em?" says I, an father sort o' groaned.
Yon see he would bave helped 'em quick
as look at 'em an been glad to, but what
with buyin our own house, an losin two
voyages a'ready with rheumatiz, an doctor's bills comin in besides, we couldnt
have raised $50,1 don't believe, to save
us. We could take 'em in an do for 'em
some, but that was about all.
So there they was, three of 'em, an not
a thing really belongin to 'em but a tumble down shed where boats was kep', an
their old whito horse, Bess. She was
about Dode's age an half blind, but they
thought as much of her as if she was a
human bein, an I declare for't she could
all but talk, she was so knowin.
But of course she wouldn't fetch
nothin, even if they'dhad sold her, whioh
they wouldn't, not for no money.
It was a hard lookout for 'em���now
wasn't it? We felt so blue we didn't eat
no dinner scarcely that day, an after
settin awhile father said he'd go out an
fix up around, for if he was any judge
there was bad weather comin, an fast,
too, but I knew all the time it was a
good deal to get away from hangin
round worryin over what couldn't be
mended, an I felt the same as he did.
Well, sure enough, after dinner it begun to cloud over, an by 4 o'clock you
couldn't hardly see your hand before
your face without a lamp, an such rain
an wind and lightnin I never see before.
I've lived through many storms, first an
last, since I've been on the cape, an if
father's ashore they all seem pretty much
alike to me, but that one was different
somehow. It hailed, an 1 don't know
but it thundered, though I don't remember of hearin it, an I don't suppose 1
could have anyway, for the noise of the
wind an the water. The surf was bad
enough on the bay shore, but on the
ocean side it was like cannons, for all it
was near two miles off.
From noontime the vessels kep' a-comin
into tho bay, an when father come to
supper he said there was niore'n a hun-
! dred, an we felt glad, hopin everything
along the coast wa ��� out of danger. From
j supper time on it got worse steady.  The
houso rocked an shook like a bird's nest,
an sometimes bricks would come fallin
! down the chimney.   I blessed the rheumatiz, I tell you, lookin at father safe
by the fire, for if he'd been able to walk
a deck I'd have been worryin my heart
out like many a poor woman in town
that night.
Well, there we set quiet enough by the
kitchen stove. Wo didn't feel liko talkin.
I kuitted, an every onco tn awhile fa-
ther'd get up an go to the winder an
listen against the pane, au then he'd
como back an set down again as mum as
a fish. I knew he was oneasy, an I knew
well enough why. An what he was
fearin come in time. We mostly get to
bed by 0 o'clock, but that night we never
so much as thought of it till the old
clock up thero behind you struck 11.
Then father says, "Wo might as well get
some sleep, Ad'line," on I was puttin
away my knittin work when I heard the
ohurchbell "clanketty clank, clanketty
clank," an then in a minute Cap'n
Zach'n conchshell horn, that the boys
used to call the "last trump," blowin like
Father was into his rubber coat an
boots before yon could wink. There
wasn't no thought of lameness then, an
I didn't try to henderhim. 'Twouldn't
have been no uso, an land I I didn'i
wan tor if he could do a mite of good to
the poor shipwrecked cre'tur's that bell
was a-ringin fur.
He says to me when I handed him the
lantern an his flask of spirits: "You
needn't worrit, my woman, fur I ain't
a-goin to bo rash, an you keep the fire up
an the kettle on. We may have company before mornin." An he went off
into the dark. I held tho dioor open after
him a minute, an I see somo ono with another lantern wait for him at the gate
an heerd 'em say, "North beach," but
tbat was all, an I went back to the
kitchen alone.
I filled up the stove an put the kittle
over, an then set there nervous as a cat,
wishin I had somethin more to do, an
suddenly the door flew open, an in come
Matt Cook's 'Liz'beth, all drenched with
rain. She had a lantern, an she begged
me to go along with her, for she couldn't
stand it to home another minute. I was
willin enough, you can believe, an I tied
an old coat of father's round me an a
hood an we started. Out by the gate we
run against Mis' Nelson an her sister ar.
old Granny Ely, so we all clung together an went on. 'Tain't likely we
could have gone alone, some of ub. It
was awful. Quick as we got to the top
of the hill we was up to our ankles in
loose sand. The witch grass tangled
round our feet, an the rain an hail was
just like needles in our faces. We headed
for tbe north beach as well as we could
by **Jtln for tho lightnin an then gettin
our Wrin's, an pretty soon we seo a
kind of a dtUl red glow, an we knew
they'd made a fire there, an we aimed
for that. You know what walkin on the
dunes is even on a pleasant sunshiny
day, so you can guess somo what we had
to get over. Howsomdever, we done it
after awhile, an come down on to the
beach where the fire was built. It was
in tho shelter of the big dune where you
was paintin last week���by Scarred rock,
you know���an it was iniddlin quiet there.
At first we couldn't see nothin but the
surf, but pretty soon our eyes got used
to tbe firelight, an then we see the wreck.
You ain't never seo one? An I hope you
won't bave to, for it makes you feel different all the rest of your days���you get
to hate the ocean, an be afraid of it when
it's quiet an peaceable even.
The breakers was fearful���as high as a
house they looked to me, an through 'em
when they'd kind of open you could get
a sight of Scarred rock. The wreck was
there. It was a schooner���French she
was���an her masts was hangin over her
side all tangled up in the riggin, an
clingin to her waa four or five black
things that we knew was men. It waa
horrible to see 'em. Every once in
awhile the wave* would lift the vessel
up an smash her down on the rock for
all the wprld like I've seen the Portage*
children tryin to smash a cocoanut. It
made me feel weak an sick all over.
There was consider'ble many folks on
the beach, some of 'em' throwin driftwood on the fire, an some had axes an
was choppin at the timbers of an old
boat that had been there for years an
Father an Cap'n Zack was side by side
close to the water's edge, shoutin an try-
in to get a word to them poor fellers out
on the schooner, an the rest of the men
was standin with ropes, ready to run into
the water if any of 'em should be washed
When father turned round an see ns,
he come back to the fire, an he says to
me: "What on earth brought you here?
'Tain't no sight for women," an just then
there was a kind of lull in thostorm, an
I could hear them poor wretches shriek-
in to us for help that we couldn't give.
My! Myl Myl Many's the night since
then that I've waked with that sound in
my ears! Our meu give a yell in answer, an us women bust out a-cryin, all
but Granny Ely. She grabbed father by
the arm an sho ok him. " Why don't you
do somethin? Be you men, or be you
chickens?" she says. You see, her hus-
ban an two sons was drowned off that
Bame beach, an she only had her grandchild left, an sho was kind of loony at
the sight.
Father knew how she was, an he answered her kindly. "There ain't a single
boat this side of the cape," he says, "an
the beach road's six feet under water an
will be for an hour to come. An no mortal could get a boat over the dunes.
Dumb critters wouldn't head into no
such storm even if they was able to haul
a cart through that sand. An if we had
80 boats, granny," he says, "we couldn't
launch 'em in that water."
"Where's the lifeboat?" says granny.
"Over in Avery's shed," answered father, real patient. "It's no use thinkin
of it���she can't hold out 10 minutes
longer, I don't believe."
"God help us all then," says granny,
pullln her shawl over her head so's she
couldn't see nothin, an then we kept on
"I wouldn't tako on so, Ad'line," says
father to me then. He bated to soe me
cry the worst way. "When she goes to
pieces, the men'll wade out with ropes���
we've got plenty���an liko as not we'll
get 'e/n ashoro safe," but he was only
sayin it to quiet me, for I'd often heerd
him tellin how tho undortow was worse
off Scarred rock than any placo along
tho coast. Then ho went away, an we
huddled up together an waited fur what
we know had got to come.
Every timo ho turned to the firo 1
could see Cap'n Zuch's mouth openin an
shutiu reg'lar as clockwork, an I knew as
well us if 1 heerd him that he was ravin
and cursin like a pirate. Father ho was
quiet, but white as a dead man, an old
Cook, stuudin close up to 'em, was shakin all ovor liko the ague.
By and by 'Liz'beth an Icouldn't stand
it no longor, an wo crept closo to where
father wus, an just then there como moro
of thom terrible wailin's f roin the wrock.
an old Cook he says: "She'll go any minute now. It's liko watchin by a deathbed," he says. "I wisht tho minister was
hero to pray for 'em." Ho was a Seven
Day Baptis', old Cook was, an dreadful
"Drat the minister," says tho cap'n,
ugly as sin; "catch him out a night like
this! He's under the bed covers same as
all the rest of them d d landlubbers!"
He was hittin out at Dode, you know,
an father he hadn't no word to say. Bein
September, a good share of our men was
to sea yet, an a time like this every one
counted, 'specially a great tall.feller of
Dode's build. An father was dreadful
out of patience with him for stayin indoors. Why, most times he'd been the
first man on the beach, but of course he
was f eelin pretty sore over the way Cap'n
Zach had spoko about him, au I didn't
blame him so terriblo much for stayin to
home, even if father did, Tho minister
didn't count one way nor the other. He
come from inland, an was sort of pindin
an timid.   But old Cook liked him, an he Best copm
l >i\
A,    viAECH, 17,  1S94.
spunked up, an says he, "Minister hollered at me out of bis window where was
the wreck as 1 come by."
"Yes, an then he went back to his
bed," says the cap'n. "Oh, I know that
breed! Let'em stay to home, and may
the roof fall in on 'em."
While he says this I heerd above the
storm a sound that makes my blood
creedle up this very minute just tell-
in you about it. It was a woman's
voice, singin out clear an loud: "Good
old Bessl Go long, old Bess!" an round
the dune on to tbe beach como tho oh1
lifeboat on a cart drawed by one of Ben
Farnham's oxen an Dode Avery's old
Bess, nn behind the cart, pushiu ttk<
crazy creturs, was Dode an the ininistei.
Christy Avery was drivin tbe team. She-
had a lantern in one hand an tho other
was bitched into the horse's mane, an she
never let up hollerin at her a single minute. I ain't never seo a horse in a yoke
before nor since, un 1 don't want to, for
it cut ber shoulders terrible, an the blood
wus streinuin down her white legs, but
for once it was a splendid sight to me.
Every time Christy'd sing out her name
E - ��� vvr-.: : : brickle'down till sho was most
on tliu giuund ah strain Forward us if she
was" e:>!-: :. clean through tiio bow. Don't
tell l.e- .i ��� didn't sens" what she was do-
in. Shu was nmkin tbat ox work, now I
tell you.
For n half minute overy one stood
starin ns if they see a ghost, an then
tbey give n shout, an you couldn't wink
your eye hardly before that curt was unloaded an we had the yoke off'n them
creturs. Tliey was so beat they
dropped right down where they was, an
no wonder, Why, there ain't been a
loaded wagon over them sand hills
more'n once or twice in all the years I've
lived here, an always in bright daylight. But that old horse would toller
Christy anywhere, an naturally the ox
had to come along, an ho done noble,
I wosjfc deny. Christy she set down by
Bess on the sand, an I see it wasn't no
time to speak to her, for the first man
into that lifeboat was Dode yellin, "Vol-
��� '.C-..-. -v-',"-;��� -i ���-������ vs4m
l. VsVs1' * ���
\ ���-.-..������ ��� j- ��� :<-, y��^m^^^^iA
unteers!"    An   the minister on top of
him.   But  father he took  him by the
arm.    "Lord love you, no, Bir," he says
Very respectful,   "You ain't a sailor, sir. j
You'd bender more'n you'd help."   An i
I always   held that it showed just as !
much spunk in that young man to step
back as it done to come forward���he
done both.
Well, the boat filled up in no time.
When Toby Ely stepped up, Dode says:
"No, boy, you're ali granny's got. Stay
back." But the old woman come up
brave as an Indian. "Go 'long, child,"
she says, "an may the Lord bring you
back!" an down she set again, coverin
up her head.
Somehow or other them poor souls on
the schooner got knowledge of the boat,
an as it pushed off the first time they set,
up a kind of a cheer, an we answered
it loud an hopeful, but 1 tell yon we
didn't feel that way. There wasn't
much chance of their ever gettin back
alive, an our men knew it, too, but they
was keen spirited. It cut father up not
to go, but he wouldn't have been no
more use than the minister, for his legs
was stiff as wedges, what with the cold
an wet.
Three times that boat drove back, an
threo times they pushed her off again,
an at lust she got safe through the
When they come near the wreck, they
daren't go too close. Twice they tbrowed
a lino to her, an it fell short. It seemed
as if I had to look at 'em, for all I hated
to, an while I was straiuin my eyes there
come a flush of lightnin, an I see every
thing plain as day. The bout was on top
of a great wave, an u man was stuudin
up in hers'.rippmoff his clothes���I knew
by his height it was Dode���he was considerable over six loot. Wo all seen him
that way for jost u second, an then it
was dark again, an we didn't hardly
breathe tili there come a shout from
across tho water, an wo knew be was ou
board the wreck nn a lino with him. We
clapped our hands then un laughed
like cruzy folks. I couldn't see'em goin
along the line, but the boys bud piled up
the iiro i:i.';;:er than ever, an I could get
a sight of tho bout gettin fuller un fuller,
an father an Cap'n Zach kept talkin together un lookin moro worrited, but 1
didn't know why, till at last there come
a second shout, an we know thoy was till
off tho wreck un started back. We
women was such fools wo thought they
wus tho saino us saved, un never will 1
forget how 1 felt when Cap'n Zucb turned
round an put his hand heavy on tho
minister's shoulder. "Get down nn pray
now, man." bo shouted, "for if the Lord
don't help 'em no mini comes ashore in
that boat this night."
The minister nevor stopped foruword,
but dropped right down on bis knees like
a child. His hair was blowin round hi*
face, for he'd lost his hat, an his hands
was ull bloody whero he'd scratched 'em
on the cart, an 1 believe his face was
Idoody, too, but I tell you 1 nover seo
any one that looked so good to me.
Wo kneeled round him, an he shut hia
eyes for a ininnte beforo be begun;
"Our Father, which art in heaven"���we
said it after bim same us if lie was in
church���"hallowed be thy name, thy
kingdom come, thy will bo dono on
enrth as it is in heuven"���I peeked at
him then, an he was lookin straight out
to sea, shadin his eyes with his band,
but I didn't think no harm of it, "Give
us this day our daily bread, an forgive
us our trespasses, as we forgive tbem
that trespass against us, an lead us not
into temptation, but deliver us from
evil, for thine is the kingdom an power
���Boysl Helpl Help! There they are!"
An the first I knew he give a leap an was
up to his middle in the water haulin at
the boat an the rest at his heels, father
an all. Old Cook told me afterwards
that he hadn't no doubt but what the
Lord finished up that prayer himself, an
I hadn't neither.
Well, thanks be given, they was got
ashore safe un sound, but wet as drownd-
ed rats. Nigh on to the first one out of
the boat was Dode Avery, luggin a poor,
senseless feller, with his leg broke, an
when he was laid by the fire an tbr
cap'n bent over him an wiped the ha.'..:
off'n his wel face he give an awful
screech, for it was his own son! It come
out afterwards that young Zach had took
a bad fever on the whaler, an when they
fell in with the French schooner makin
for Boston he'd been transferred an was
comin home. He was kind of weakly
from the fever, so when the mast went
he couldn't help himself, au his leg had
got a terrible blow. Ho was layin on
the deck, hangin on to somethin an half
dead, when Dode was hauled ubourd the
v.ii. '.\ with the line, an the last thi / bo
remembered wus bein h'isted up an tied
on ti) Dode's back. How that oretur carried bim along the lino to the bout ho
couldn't I ...o told, nor Dodo noithur, 1
guess, but bo done it. Tliey didn't know
nno another till they sot ashore, for tho
lightnin sort of blinded them to things
closo to, an tbey was under watera good
sharp of the time, I expect.
The schooner was in a dreadful way.
Sho went to pieces pretty soon after they
loft her, an considerable of her cargo nn
liltin's came ashore the next day. lt was
a terrible close shave for thom men. I
declare 1 suppose we did not silly over
'em. Folks mostly do such times. Why,
every one of thom foreigners eeemed
a'most like my own brother to me. Father says 1 gave 'em a hug all round, but
you know he always will havo his joke.
You never see so many bottles of spirits
at one time! Every soul of us had
brought ono an some two. But they was
needed, I tell you, for the poor men was
half starved un froze besides.
Granny Ely set right thereon the sand
till Toby come an took hold of her, an
thon she tipped overat his feet an fainted
dead as a doornail. She told me a gooH
while afterward that sho never expected
to Bee him again, for all the time ths
minister was prayin she kept sayin,
���Don't you dust to take my boy. Lord!"
She was afraid she'd tempted Providence
too far. Tempt Providence! Just as if
a lovin Father would be listenin to hear
what a poor tormented old woman was
sayin in her agony so as to punish her
for it! Some folks does make relieion
terrible hard for themselves, don't they?
Woll, wo tore up our petticoats for
Dnndages. an old Cook set Zach's leg, an
lie wus h'isted on to the horse's back, an
wo ull started for home feeliu pretty good,
though we wus near tuckered out, the
whole of us. Father's rheumatiz come
back when the danger was over, an he
had hard work to hobble along behind
the rest, leanin on the minister an mo.
When we got on top of the dune, we run
across the French captain, tryin to look
out to sea an Bobbin Mice n baby. We
didn't think small of him for it neither.
A man geu; mortal fond of n vessel after
bo's lived along of ber yoar in an year
out. an we felt bad for the poor feller, nn
we took bim right iiome with us. Tho
minister come, too.au I bestirred myself
an cooked 'cm a good hot meal of vittles,
nn father he made a rum punch, an they
enjoyed it, if I do say it. The minister
wasn't a drinkin man. I wouldn't have
you understan, but he driuked hearty
that night, an I was glad to see him do
it. He was just as weak as a cat when we
got home, un no wonder.
Well, that's all there is abont the
wreck. I expect yon won't care nothin
for the rest of the story. I never see
anybody so curious about wrecKs as you
be. Seems to me same ns it would to
you if 1 was to tease you to tell tho par-
ticiars of all the buryiu's you'd been
at. But 'tain't no harm as I know of, so
long as you like it. Folks has different
That trip of Dode's was talked of all
along the cape. It wasn't so much the
gettin a line to the wreck. There was
others could mayoe have done that, but
it was his gettin the lifeboat across tlie
dunes���the smartness of him an tho
spunk wus what took tho folks. Thero
wasn't a sailor come ashore hardly but
what must go to Dode's to shake hands
with him, an many times after a m;n
hud gone away they'd find that baby
pl.-iyin with a silver dollar or maybe a
goldpieco. That's the way with sea-
farin men. You do one of 'em a good
turn, and he rung out to know what war
doin, an they think you've done it to the
wholo of 'em an act aocordin. Bnt the
money didn't tickle Dodo an Christy
near so much as the handshakes, They
wus always queer, you know; some suid
fools, but I never could mako it seem so.
Lund! bow I do get ahead of myself. I
never was no grout of a story toller. You
go to father next time; he's a dubstor
ut it.
Well, tho day nfter tho wreck father
an the other two slept till noon, un 1
didn't cull 'em, for they needed it, but
nfter dinner it stopped ruinin an tho
clouds began to look pretty thin, an they
started down street, the captain to find
his men, an the minister to cull on Dode,
un father to the store for me. lie staid
thero talkin some timo, an when become
out (hero across thu street ho see Cap'n
Zach an the rest of Dode's creditors nil
goin along together kind of eager.    Vac
ther didn't somehow like the looks of
'em, an ho sung out to know what war
doin, an it turned out they wuslumtin for
him, an tho cap'n says, "It's another
business meetin to Avery's, an you'ra
wanted." Father was mad us n wet hon
to have 'em pestorin Dode so (ratals after
what ho'd dono tho night before, but ho
daresn't anger'cm, 'specially Cap'n Zach,
on account of the mortgage, feartn
'twould only make things worse lor Dodo,
so he went with 'em peaceable enough.
The minister un Dodo un Chrisly was
settin in the back of the store when they
went in, an quick as they'd passed the
timo of day tho cap'n speaks up, au suy?
he, "We're here on important business,
an so if parsonll excuse us we'll come to
the point." The minister bowed kind of
surprised, an the cap'n turns to the others, 'Tto speakin for you with your free
consent, ain't I?" says he, an they all
nodded, but father he was so vexed with
'em when he see Christy's mouth begin
to twitch an Dodo not dariu to look at
her that he just pounded on the counter
au roared right up tothecap'n's nose, "l
don't know whether you bo or not till I
hear what you say, you old bunks."
If you'll believe me, Cap'n Zach never
swore nor so much as noted mad even,
but he says sort of dry, "If you don't
liko our terms, you can spunk out, my
friend," an be continnerred on: "Wo'vo
come to tho conclusion, Mr. Theodore
Avery, tbat it would be a blame shame
to take down the sign from over your
door, for 'tis the name of a brave un
honest man, an 'tis an ornament to our
town, an so we've come to humbly ask
you," says he, "to keep on with your
business till kingdom come. You can
pay your debts when you get ready, nn
if you don't it ain't no matter, for I'm
d d if I won't pay 'em myself.   An if
Jonas Styles don't agree to that he can
settle it with me," an he turned around
to father as quick as a wink.
Christy was shakin like a leaf before
be stopped speakin, an the tears was
rollin down her cheeks, an I guess the
rest of 'em wasn't far behind her, an the
minister spoke up then an told 'em how
he was strugglin along by himself when
he heard Christy's voice an come up
with 'em as they was stoppin to breathe
the team, an upon that the cap'n stepped
up to Christy an made her a dreadful
polite bow, an he says:
"I've see a many handsome women in
voyagin about the world, Mis' Avery,
but I ain't never see one, flesh an blood,
or painted picter, or marble statoo, that
looked as handsome to me as you done
when I got sight of you comin onto tho
beach last night���uu if I'd knowed that
it was my boy you was hurryin to savel
guess you'd have looked some better
yet." He sort of choked up for a minute, an then he went on: "My son he
iuin't como to thank you for himself, but
he asked uie to hand you this little parcel of lamplighters un tell you ho mude
em for you himself with best respects.
Good day. ma'am. Good day, all on you."
An he stuffed a bundle in Christy's
hand an actilly run out of the store, au
tho others after him, as unexpected as
they come iu. What do you suppose
them lamplighters whs but the mortgage
on Christy's house, ull tore up into little
narrer stripsl���Now York Post,
Snowball Confectionery.
The youngsters of the city, ever fickle
in their tastes, bave found a new favorite in the "snowball," a confection largely composed of flavored ice, and carefully hoarded pennies are brought out and
recklessly squandered in this luxury. Ho
great a fondness have tlie children devel-
] oped for the. "snowball" and so many
are coi.scqi-Anlly b'eiug purchased nnd
I eaten that several physicians have subjected the ny.v ices to an examination
and analyst/ to sue if they are injurious
I or likely to h..-rili tho children.
Ami tig these physicians was Dr. James
F. McSllftiie, health commissioner, who
after examining tne snowball ate it and
then pronounced it "good." Dr. Mc-
Shane sayi that the snowball is nothing
moro nor less than shaved ico, com-
messed together in the shape of a ball or
cone. This ball will (hen bo flavored hy
the salesman with vanilla, strawberry.
rajpborry or other kinds of flavorings
simililr to those used in sodu water. If
these flavorings uro pure und not nrti-
ttciul, Dr. McShano says he cun see nothing injurious in tho snowbulls, und tbe
children cun eat them���moderately of
course���without fear.���Baltimore American.
The Moravian Milkman's Excum.'
The story comes from Moravia that
sll the cows in that country are wearing
bine spectacles. Tbo ground was covered with snow from October to May, and
the reflection of tho sunlight was very
disastrous to tho eyes of both man and
beast. Thousands of cattle went entirely blind before tbo attention of the government director of agriculture was
called to the fuct. That gentleman, Dr.
Verincourt, recommended blue spectacle
glasses set in wooden or wire frames,
and the result is that thousands of cows
have been roaming about over tho pastures looking as dignilied us Boston
schoolinuriiis. Tbo milkman, in Ido-
ravia now bus a good oxouse when his
customers complain of the pulo bluo
color of tho cow's output.���Minneapolis
Journal.    -���
Tho Victorian ltourjnet.
The Victorian bouquet is u very popular way of arranging flowers that are to
bn carried at weddings, Tho band holds
tho stems of tho flowers, which fall,
some below and some ubove the portion
bold iii tho band. Tho ribbon, which is
usually in contrast with the dress, is
about 4 or more inches wide. There tiro
two upstanding loops that form u sort
of buck-ground to the loosely arranged
blossoms nt the upper end, and there
are corresponding loops below. The
streamers or ends, to be quite correct,
should fall to the feet     ��� 	
One of the English Queen's little va-
gari"< is a dislike for the smell of furs;
she nover wears them herself, whicu is
all very well. But neither will she permit anyone else to wear them when
driving with her. As an invitation to
go to ride with hor is equivalent to a
command, and as another li 11 le queenly
vagary is a fondness for an open carriage
in all seasons, the unhappy recipients
of lier invitations feel l'ke making their
wills before starting on a pleasure drive
with their sovereign.
An Australian Plan.
The "Gospel Push Cart," a little portable chapel lighted by electricity, and
moved about by throe men or a horse,
ia coming into use iu Australia. It is
eight feet long, four feet wide and six
feet high, It is carpeted and has chairs
and an organ, while one side can be lot
down, forming a platform.
The Difference,
When a simpleton wants to get well,
he buys something "to tuke;" a philosopher gets something "to do;" und it is
owing to the circumstance that the latter has been in ii minority almost undis-
tinguishable in all nations und ages, that
doctors are princes instead of paupers;
live like gentlemen, instead of cracking
rocks for the turnpike.
When, It Ilclontfs.
There is a great deal of poetry in
nature���and we should be all the bettor
off if the poetasters would  only leavo it
there.��� SomerviUe Journal.
Lucking Wholly
uent Method.
Just,  Inoxpenstvo,   .... .
thu Brutality of the Pi
Lynch law hud its origin in Virginia,
aocording to the conclusions of a gentleman who has been investigating tbe
early history of that State. It wus not
mob law, as it is now understood. It
was orderly, methodical, and fair in its
processes, and was strongly opposed to
violence or mob rule. Its distinctive
feature was simply that its decrees and
findings were executed sternly und
swiftly upon the spot of their delivery.
��� Charles Lynch, whose name is associated with the summary proceedings
now known as actB ot "lynch luw," was
a Revolutionary soldier, and after the
war ended took up his residence in Pittsylvania county. The region in which he
lived became atone period of the Revolution infested by bands of Tories and out*
laws, whose depredations upon the defenceless people extended fro:n the lower
parts of North Carolina a d Virginia to
the passes of the Bluo Ridge and the
headwaters of the James and other
mountuin streams. Deserters from both
armies added strength und a semblance
of organization to their operations.
Wherever they appeared the terror-
stricken inhabitants were plundered,
harassed and subjected to every variety
of insult and outrage. A remedy was
needed for this insufferable state of
things, a remedy that should at onoe
strike such terror to these miscreants as
would relieve a community already suffering from the effects of hostile invasion. Col. Lynch was the man to take
the lead in such an emergency. He succeeded in organizing a body of patriotic
citizens, men of known character and
Having laid his plans before them,
and securing their approval, he at once
proceeded to put them into execution.
At the head of his followers he
promptly got upon the track of the unsuspecting enemy, captured many and
caused the others to flee from the conn -
try. When any of these outlaws fell
into his hands tbey were not taken at
once to a tree and hanged or tied to a
stake und shot, as is now done under
the perverted system of the present day.
This wus not according to the code of
Col. Lynch and his followers.
So fur from such u lawless procedure,
a jury was selected from Lynch's men.
over which lie presided as Judge; the
captives were tried separately, the accused allowed to make his own defence
and to show cause, if he could, why ho
should not lie punished. If found guilty
the punishment was inflicted on the
spot. The general impression has been
that in all cases of Lynch luw the penalty was death. This is a mistake. A
writer who knew Col. Lynch well was
assured by hiin that he never willingly
condemned a criminal to capital punishment, that prisoners were frequently
| let off with a severe flogging and then
! liberated on condition that they would
leave the country.���Cincinnati Com-
: mercial Gazette.
Olllrric the Voice.
The voices of singers need an  occas-
; ional '' oiling," and some peculiar remedies have been in vogue among the singers  whicli it is interesting to  know.
When Gnllmeyer, the famous soubrotto.
i visited England she confessed that   she
i treated lier throat before each perform-
' ance to a good rubbing with   rum  and
glycerine. This statement led to further
j investigations in this line  witli the fol-
1 lowing    results:      Labatt,    the   great
; Swedish tenor, ate two  salt pickles bo
' fore going ou to sing.  Wachtel used the
\ were made to swing him in due and impressive form.   During the excitement
I attendant     upon     the    preparations
j for    tbe    event    and   on the  morn-
: ing    of    the    day   on   which    Hunt
was to hang Harrison entered the stable
where Ruffian was kept and spirited him
away.    Mounted on another horse and
leading Ruffian,  Harrison rode to the
, gallows without being observed,  and,
slipping  two six-shooters into Hunt's
hands, told bim to "hurry up," ut tbe
same time, noting on his own suggestion,
he wheeled his horso and charged upon
the crowd     Hunt was not a moment
behind and tho two, at a speed which
defied pursuit,  fled down the Weber
canyon trail and were soon out of sight.
'  Before thoy were nut of range, however,
Mio horse ridden by Harrison was struck
by a bullet and shortly afterward bad to
be abandoned. 11 was tlmr. that Ruffian
was compelled to carry the do*>�� .��*d
which he tnok  Into Denver.    Nig'.> and
day the Infuriated Mormons pwrvtwd
Harrison ����.i Hunt, but were tinatis to
overtake them, so great wns the speed
ami enmirmlce of tho stolen horse. When
fully Kill miles, from Salt Lake tho two
desperados* made their lirst stop for r��*t
aud food nnd on the morning of tb< t*uih
, 1:i v they rndo into Denver, a distance of
SOU miles from Bull Lake,
A Ilummly for Seasickness.'
Walter Besant, who bus crossed thu
ocean several iiines und therefore ougut
to bo un authority on tbo subject, says:
"Next time, deur madum, that you lire
i seasick  place a piece of ice in  your
| mouth and keep it there.   When it is
' gone, take another piece.   After tkat lie
down ttd go to sleep in peace."
Campbell & Doherty,
ZtSTE'W      WJSSTIMITlsrSTEilR,,    "B.
The Cheapest & Largest Tailoring House
to tlie Province, employing at present
SO hands!
We make men's suits from $5 to $15 cheaper
than others, and yet make more monoy than "the old
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors.
iu New���Our List.
AH "Wool   Business Suits $18.   Old prico 825.
Irish Serge, heavy weight 880.     "     "    830 to 31
Fine Worsted Suits, 825 to 885.     '<     "    835 to ��
All Wool i'ants, C���J  -        $4.50.  "      "     80.50
The fact is we would liko to havo a look at ths
man who sells cheaper than wo do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoat*
to order from $14 up.
Cloth sold by tho yard.    Suits cut and trimmed E
you want to mako them ut home.
\��  Immense   slock  or Ready Made
(lothlng for Men and Boys.
Samples and rules for self measurement sent os
Und us in the Curtis Block���the Store litn the Granite Pillars.
of Wall Paper,
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
G. F. WELCH  &  SON,
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
Special Attention given to tie Mainland Trade.
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits Und qnick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.     Call and see us.
Oldest Business Premises in tlie City.
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try  a Pair of $2,50  or $3.00 Pants.
A  Fine Assortment  ol
Gentlemen's Japanese  Smoking  Jacket*
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster. 8
Their Effect Also of Much Concern to the
Boyal Lnily IVhut Become, of Ber Old
Clothes���Ber Ops and Ber Boot.���Tho
AGHtrtl   MAN'S CKtfcL).
Dressing Room.
The recipient of many of Queen Victoria's cast-off garments is Clary, a little
draper in Windsor.
Clary is the personal friend of Queen
Victoria's head-dresser. It is not a
friendship to be despised, since to the
head dresser'falls all Her Majesty's cast-
off apparel. As royalty never wears the
same cap or nightdress more than once,
the head-dreaser is well worth "cultivating. " Queen Victoria has very pretty feet. They are smaller and daintier
than the feet of any of her children.
She always wears an old-fashioned
congress gaiter, and her last is
in the keeping of the provincial
bootmakers at Windsor and Balmoral, as well as the court-maker in
London. Likewise have the provincial
drapers the block upon which is fashioned Her Majesty's caps. This block is
made to fit her head closely, and in a
quarter of a century the style has scarcely varied. The caps are ahvays made
of fine white crepe lisse. The light frame
is edged with fine white silk wire, upon
which three little orepe lisse frills are
sewed, to meet in the back two long
white streamers daintily hemstitched by
hand. The streamers fall to the waist
line. When completed tho whole musi
not weigh more than three ounces.
The Queen orders thoso caps by tho
dozen. Six dozen caps generally suffice
for a single sojourn at Windsor" Castle.
.She took four dozen with her on hei' last
visit to Grasse. Six dozen night dresses
are crumpled during a Windsor visit.
Nover is the same nightdress worn a
second time, even after laundering.
Who gets them? Ah, that's the head-
dresser's secret. It is suspected that she
plies a fine trado in royal rubbish.
Her Majosty's mantles are always
made after the same model. They number Bix for winter and six for summer
���wear. Black materials of various degrees of weight and warmth make the
winter wraps, while those reserved for
summer are made of rich white silk,
daintily lined and timmed with four or
six bands of narrow black braid or cord,
and finished with deep black silk fringe.
The white mantles are worn when Victoria takes her daily drive in the vicinity
of Windsor, where her presence excites
little attention from the townsfolk.
Indeed, so democratic is our ruler that
she not unfrequently drives out through
the stable door, to the chagrin of curious strangers always congregated at
the main entrance to the castle grounds.
The coachman never knows which
direction she wishes to follow. That
caprice is confided solely to the single
outrider that accompanies her in these
rural drives.
On the occasion of the opening of the
institntion founded in London in commemoration of Her Majesty's jubilee,
the Duke of Connaught delivered in person to the provincial draper the order
for Her Majesty's bonnet and mantles.
Not until the night before the auspicious event, however, did the Duke confess to the Queen that he had ordered
the neck of the mantle to be trimmed
with ostrich-feather trimming.
The Queen was much disturbed. She
retired before the mantle put in an appearance at the castle, but she could
not sleep. "If there are feathers on my
oloalr," oho finally announced to the
maid, with truly feminine petulance, "I
will not wear it to morrow. The people
will say. 'There's the Queen! She is fatter than ever!'" Needless to add, the
feathers were discarded.
Royalty suffers as much anxiity in
preparing for public functions as does
its brother of the common clay. There
is as much excitement in the royal
household in preparing for a state function as in the modest establishment.
Everybody tries on lier dresses and hats
Hiid comes in for Her Majesty's inspection days before the event takes place.
The effect each is likely to produce on
the public beholder is weighed and considered as carefully as the personal like
or dislike of the wearer. The members
of the royal family, it is refreshing to
know, are very human in their dress rehearsals, and the brothers ami sisters
are not above personal bantering.
"I know Beatrice will cry," the brothers were wont to say, and the Princess
of Battenberg. being very nervous, not
infrequently dissolved into tears on the
Next to Her Majesty's sleeping chamber is the dressing-room, iii which, on
long, low shelves, her mantles, caps
and shoes are laid. They make a curious
picture���a study in black and white.
Two maids undress the queon and put
her to bed. Before she gets into bed
they heat and spread between the Irish
linen sheets a white blanket, part wool,
part cotton, and bound with white silk
ribbon, with the royal arms embroidered
in the corner. Queen Victoria reclines
upon the blanket until the body is thoroughly heated. The maids then withdraw tho blanket, and the finest product
of Ireland's loom embraces the Queen of
England and the Empress of Iudiu.
" lionij, Mr, Gone/1
Landseer, the wonderful animal painter, often told an amusing story, of
whicli he was tin' hero, to illustrate
that a man must go from home to learn
the news about himself.
One dav while walking in London he
saw in the window of a picture-dealer a
good specimen of his own work. Step
ping inside he asked the name of the
The salesman said the picture wns a
genuine Landteer, and ono of the best
he ever painted. Taking op the picture
and   critically   examining  it, Landseer
asked ir tho dealer would warrant it.
"Most certainly," replied the salesman, "and what iB more, he will never
paint another."
"How's that'/" asked the painter.
"Cone, sir, gone," answered the man,
putting his finger to his forehead;
"gone, sir, completely off his head, and
nc like ever lo recover."
Lnnoseer hurried out, that ho might
have u good laugh without betraying
his identity. ��� Household.
Duke's Money.
Ducal* were originally duke's money,
first made in tho Duchy of Apuia in
Thuy Hbvc Artificial Wood Now.
Artificial wood for furniture, roofs,
Insulators, etc., is now made by burning
magnesite together with wood, shavings,
euwdiiBt, cotton, hair, or wool.
Tlie   TJkes   and   Dislikes    of   Alexandre
Dumas, the Elder,
Twelve years ago albums with five-
and-twenty questions were the fashion
in all the salons in France. Tho Figaro
Litteraire publishes a page from that of
Madam E:.'iili" Ernest in a facsimile of
the handwriti.ig of the elder Alexandre
Dumas, the author of "51 onto Cristo:"
What is your favorite virtue'; Charity.
What are your favorite qualities in a
man?   Indulgence.
What in a woman?   LovingnesB.
What is your favorite occupation?
Hard work.
What is the most prominent feature
in your character? Careless indifference.
What is yonr idea of happiness? Love
What is your idea of nnhappiness?
The loss of one beloved.
Your favorite flower and your favorite
color?   The tea rose and garnet.
If you were not yourself, who would
yon like to be?   Victor Hugo.
Where would you like best to live?
Anywhere���provided I had a wife, pen,
ink and paper.
Who are your favorite prose writers?
Walter Scott (sic), Cooper, Merimee.
Who are your favorite poets? Hugo,
Lamartine, De Muset.
Yonr favorite pointers and musical
composer? Rembrandt (spelled Bem-
brnd), Rubens, Weber, Bellini.
Your favorite male character in history?   Julius Ca'sar.
Your favorite heroines in history?
Madeleine. Jtanne D'Arc, Charlotte
Your favorite heroes in poetry or fiction? Childe Harold, Monte Cristo,
D'Aitagnan. Don Juan, Hamlet.
Your favorite heroines iu romance or
fiction? Diana, Vernon, Mercedes,
Your favorite food and favorite bevor-
age?   Bread and water.
Your favorite names? Emma, Maria,
The object of your greatest aversion?
I hate nothing and nobody.
What historical characters do you
most detest? Cato, Philip II, Louis
What is your present state of mind?
I am waiting for death.
What fault can you pardon most
easily? I can pardon all faults except
caluiny, theft and falsehood.
What is your favorite motto? Liberty. Deus dedit, Deus dabit; Ood
gave, Q-od will give.
7 le Human Ear.
Few people realize what a wonderfully delicate piece of mechanism the
human ear really is. That which we
ordinarily designate as the "ear," is,
after all only the mere outer porch of a
series of winding passages which lead
from the world without to the world
within. Certain of these passages are
filled with liquid, besides having membranes stretched like parchment curtains across the corridor at different
points. When a sound wave strikes
these they are thrown into Vibrations
and made to tremble like the head of a
drum does when struck with a stick or
with the fingers. Between two of these
parchment-like curtains a chain of
minute bonea extend, which serve to
tighten or relax the membranes and to
communicate vibrations to them. In
the innermost place of all, a row of
white threads, called nerves, stretch
like the strings of a piano from the last
point from which the tremblings reach,
passing thence inward to the brain.���
.gall's Journal of Health.
A Very Old Slrnll.
The supposed skull of Sophocles found
in a tumulus near Dekeleia. Greece, has
now been examined by Professor Vi -
chow, of Berlin. The skull was taken
from the skeleton of a very old man.
with a cane by his side, au nlnliiititer
vase, and other things. This skeleton
was one of four found in sarcophagi,
two of which were of marble. "Sophocles," says the London Globe, "was
ninety when he died in 4Q'J B C, and
the skull corresponds with hi* age. It
is of the long type, and there is a remarkable irregularity between the right
and left hemispheres. The left temporal suture is nearly obliterated. The
forehead is broad, the face narrow and
high-featured, while the nose is narrow
and the capacity is low."
We wonder if the vanity of the old
Creek tragedian would be tickled if he
knew of all this learned discussion and
attention being lavished npon his
How London Surgeons Set the Broken
Leg ot Nero, a Young and Lusty Monarch of the Forest ��� Ssteces. Crowned
Their Unique Efforts.
It cannot often occur that the monarch of the forest finds himself a patient
on an  operating table.   Indeed,   it it a
?[nestion whether any lion has ever be-
ore been in such] a trying position as
Nero, a star performer in one of the dime
museums. For a king to be reduced to
earning a living as a mere showman is
not perhaps unknown in the world's history, but to have to accept hospital
treatment is undoubtedly adding insult
to injury. Nero is a young and frisky
lion, whose right hind leg was broken
by the bite of an angry lioness; and as
he is a valuable animal, it was determined to save his life, if possible, by setting tho limb and keeping it
quiet, so that the bone would knit. It
was, of course, necessary to anesthetize
him in some way so as to approach liim,
for the pain made him savage. Three
grains of morphia mixed with atropine
were sprinkled on a piece of meat, which
he was induced to swallow after some
trouble, his appetite having been spoiled
by a late breakfast of about 85 pounds
of beef. In about an hour he was pretty
well under the influence of the drug,
and he was then fastened securely by
stout ropes to the operating table, and
an examination revealed a fracture just
above the kneecap. The leg was ex
tended and tho bones placed in apposition. Then a sort of closely-tilting
stocking was drawn over it, and about
this wound cotton with a backing ol
wood splints drawn very tight and (irmly
bound. Over this was made a plainer of
Paris cast, and then wood splints were
placed across the bandages and firmly
wrapped in lint, the whole being covered
by a glue bandage. When the sotting
was finished the broken leg was about
five times larger than the other, and so
carefully were the bandages adjusted
that movement iB impossible, and it is
expected that in a couple of weeks the
plaster cast may be removed, unless in
flamation should set in before, and then
amputation of the leg will be necessary.
The operation lasted about two hours,
and evoked a great deal of interest.���
Westminster Gazette. '
A Clever Woman.
A Kansas woman has found a solution
of the tramp question. She is police
justice of her city, aud a western paper
tells this story of her: "The first tramp
who was brought before her for judgment was sentenced to two baths a day
for ten days, and to hard labor on the
stone pile, with tho order that he be fed
ii bo worked, and starved if he shirked.
The prisoner survived the ordeal, but
now the first question a tramp oaks on
approaching a Kansas town is whether the police judge is a man or a
A careful record has been   kept at
Yale  College  during  the   past  eight
years, with   reference to  the  physical
condition of non-smokers as compared
with smokers.    It has been  found that
non-smokers are twenty per cent, taller,
twenly-fivo per cent, heavier, and havo
I sixty per cent, more lung capacity than
��� smokers.
The Knglilh Hoy Objection,
The EnglWh small boy seems to be
more antagonistic to wheelmen than his
I colleague OU this Bide of the ocean. Report from that country continue lo tell
I ol streets and roads which are papered
] with lacks, hits of glass, etc., especially
! for the torture of riders of pneumatic
i tired wheels.
Excellent [load Improvers.
In Cork, Ireland, the  wheelmen  are
beginning 11 feel their strength politically, and t'n".v are worryin;; the local
| authorities for butter city ami country
i roads, and threaten  to   make it   warm
for someone if  their  petitions are not
1 listened to.
Not Always Small the Effect.
Little tilings often change ihe ourrent
of life,   A nioiiieut's tornper has  often
| severed a friendship which   might have
i lasted a lifetime.   An unkind and hasty
f word has left a mark which deatii seems
scarcely to have erased.
IVe Grow to   Our Ideas.
Our safety is in having lofty ideas,
and in constant labor to secure their
realization. Let the getting of money
Vie a man's ideal, and he will of ncoessity
grow toward the dust.
Cardinal    Newman    and    Hi*     Beautiful
Hymn, "Lead,  Kindly Light."
The hymn, "Lead, Kindly Light," has
secured a permanent place in "our worship of the lips." Its author, Cardinal
Newman, or plain John Newman, as he
preferred to be called, was a man of deep
spirituality of lifo and a beautiful disposition. We quote the following from
Samuel WiUoughby Duffiflld's "English
Hymns: Their Authors and History," in
answer to a question as to tho circumstances attending the composition of
"Lux Benigna":
"John Henry Newman, D.D., was
born in London, England, Feb. 21. 1801.
. . . After a good preliminary education the lad was sent to Oxford, where
he was graduated at Trinity College in
1820. He was afterward a fellow of Oriel
College in 1822. and in 1838 was given the
vice-principalshipjof St. Alban's Hall by
Dr. Whately. In this position he continued about a year, and was then selected as tutor in Oriel College, where he
remained until 1828.
"At this jieriod began hiB intimacy
with Richard Burrell Froudo. of which
the outcome was a most remarkable religious movement in the English Church.
In 1828, Dr. Newman was the incumbent of St. Mary's, Oxford, and was
also chaplain at Littlemore, His friend-
were such men as John Keble and Edward Bouverie Pusey, and his ministrations at St. Mary's had a powerful inlln
eiice on the students of the university.
A visit to tho continent Intervened
in this time of literary and religiouu
activity. During that absence from
home the tendencies toward Romanism, which ho had already manifested.
seeinud to have fixed themselves as per
inanent principles in his mind. He hud
begun in the city of Rome to write the
'Lyra Apostolica,' a volume of verses
intended to express tho low state of the
English Church, and in wliich ho was
assisted by several of his friends.
"Here it was (while on board a vessel
lying becalmed between Corsica and
Sardinia! that this hymn ��� tho most
famous of all his productions ��� was
written. Its sincerity of feeling and
purity of expression have made it universally acceptable. Its original title
was'The Pillar of the Cloud.' It was
lind. published in the British Magazine
and then in 'Lyra Apostolica,' 18118, in
three stanzas, with the motto. 'Unto
the godly there ariseth up light in the
"Tlie statement of Dr. Newman himself fixes the date of the composition as
June 16, 1833."
Changes in Maps.
There have been some big changes in
the map of Africa since the editor went
to school. Within the past twenty years
almost the whole continent has been
gobbled up by, the nations of Europe.
An exchange puts it thus: "What is
left is a very small fraction���only Morocco and Tripoli, which will in tune fall
to France, Italy or Spain and astretch of
country behind Ashanlee land and the
Soudau. The domain now claimed by
France extends from Tripoli toldo.ucco,
and from the Mediterranean to the Unit
of Guinea. Germany seems to claim
jurisdiction indefinitely northward from
the Cameroons, with England sandwiched between a portion ot tne way. France
has another large slice to the so.ith of
German Equatorial Africa, and bounded ou the south by the Congo Free
State. Then comes Portugal, wul) the
Congo State and Brituli Africa for eastern boundary, and another great tract
of German territory ou the south. Bri-
tain rounds off tne continent at the
Cape and right up for thousands of
miles to the southern border ot the Congo State and Portuguese and German
possessions in East .urica. Within lie
the Orange Free State and the Transvaal Republic. To the northeast lies
another vast British area, in equatorial
Africa, contiguous on the west with
the Congo Slate and the French und
German possessions. Italy claims Somali Land, Abyssinia and the iaud of
the Gallias, aud England again creeps
in with a tract of tho Red Sea coast opposite Aden, as well as the Island ol
Socotra. Egypt may also be said to bo
iu English hands, for the good of the
natives, as the English say."
A lady one day going into a Chinese
kitchen, was mystified to see the cook
rubbing molasses ovor the mouth of a
hideous paper image nailed to toe wall.
Upon inquiry she learned that the
image was a kitchen idcU, whose duty it
was to watch and report to some higher
god whatever was said and done in tiie
kitchen; and that its mouth was anointed in this fashion so that it could relate
only sweet things.
"I have a lurking sympathy for the
idol," the lady declared, "lean understand its helpless misery. Many and
many a time have people heaped compliments and gifts and repulsive sweetnesses
upon me, in order to seal my lips or per
vert my judgment. I am.not sure but
the crude molasses of the heathen Chinee is preferable to the concocted 'taffy'
of more civilized acquaintances."
"It is much easier to flatter than to
praise," says Richter, and his distinction
is wise; for whilo praise implies merit in
the receiver, and honesty in the giver,
flattery is based on no foundation and is
spread without discrimination. Unless,
indeed, the flatterer is skilled in her art,
in which cuse she commends most where
most is lacking.���Household.
The World's Largest Hells.
The largest bell in France will bo
hung in the beautiful church of the
Sacred Heart, wliich is being completed on the hill of Montmartre. near Paris.
The bell, which is the gift of the faithful in the Department of Savoy, weighs
about .V.,'HKi pounds. It is ten feel
high, with u diameter of about fen feet
al the base. Two men could stand inside of it easily. While hy no means
the largest bell in the world, this big
fellow is considerably larger than any
other bell In France. The largest bell
iii the cathedral of Notre Dame weighs
le than40,000 pounds, while that" in
tho famous cathedral of Rhohiis weighs
hardly mon- than 1)0,000 pounds,
All these bells sink into Insiguiflcanoe,
however, when compared with tho gn u
bell at Moscow, which weight about 300,���
001) pounds. Kext iu weight .-.re the
bells of I'rol/.lrov, 350,000 pounds; of
Pobin, 125,000 pounds: of St. Ivan, in
Moscow. 115,000 pounds; of Nankin,
50.000 pounds: of Lisbon, 45,000 pound -,
while the groat bell at St. Peter's ui
Rome, weighs 40,000 pounds.���Hall's
Journal of Health.
Now Examine these Prices:
Steel hatchets,
Claw hammers
Compas saws
Hand saws
Draw knives
Bench axes
35c- up
35C  "
20C.    "
35c "
50C "
85c. ��
D. B. Axes    -
S. B. Axes    -
Handled Axes
Xcut saws per foot
Brush hooks   -
Grub hoes
$1 35 up
70 "
90 "
38 "
I OO "
75 "
60 "
65 "
1 OO "
-.5 "
A1 Pencils per dozen   45c,
Augers, per inch      -    50c.     	
Set 12 Auger bits *"��& $2 00 j Hay Cutters
Set 12 Chisels     -     -      3 85 | Curry comb & brush
Brushes���Wall, 15c; Oval, 10c; Varnish, 10c.
Hoes, 35c. Rakes, 35c. Spades, 6sc Shovels, 60c.
Forks���Hay, 45c;    Manure,   75c;    Spading,  95c.
These  are all first-class  Goods, and we are bound to close
them out.    Come and see them,
Divorce In llo-   Status,
There are moro divorces granted in
the United States than in all the rest of
tho Christian world put together. Americans are very discriminative���after
Electricity In the Far East.
The willingness of the Japanese to
adopt, without reserve, says a writer in
the Electrical World, a civilization
totally different in character from that
under which they have previously livod
is one of their most striking characteristics. While thoy are very conservative in many ways, they are the most
liberal poople in the world in others.
Twice in thoir history they have experienced a complete change of front, and
adopted a foreign civilization. The
first lime was many centuries ago, when
Chinese civilization, with its literature,
manufactures and science, waa found
to be better than their own, aud its
adoption raised them from a state of
barbarism to one of comparatively high
civilisation; and now. in thesa last few
decivi-..-:!, the new civilization of the
West iias been adopted to a degree that
must ustouish any one who has a
fhbrougn understanding of the magnitude of the change that has taken place,
in no way is this change made more
evident than in the hold which electricity has taken in the past live years.
The telegraph, of course, has been in
use since after the opening of the country, and now extends to all parts of
the empire. When it was lirst established there were many amusing occurrences, due to the inability of tne
people to understand how tne message
was sent ovor the wire. The writer's
first visit to Japan was early in ISstl,
and one day ho was, with a guid;.-,
'.vallting over a remote mountain romi
along which passed a telegraph line. A
countryman n*as met who bad seate 1
himself by tne roadside, and was which
ing intently the wire. His gaze was so
fixed that the guide asked what he was
doing, and lie replied that he was wailing to see a message go along the wire,
that he hud watched many times since
it was put up. but had never been able
to see anything. This incident was,
perhaps, no more amusing than the re-
ceptiou of the telephone in ftio Janeiro,
'ihe writer was in that city when the
exchange was boing started, and considerable opposition wus shown, as the
people supposed nothing but English
could be spoken, and in order to bo able
to use it they must learn that language.
Spitting is an unnatural habit and
whoever is addicted to it should break it
up at once. The healthy man or woman
does not spit. One of the ohief causes
of it is the tobaccohabit, either chowing
or smoking. Those who use tobacco do
not like to poison themselves hy swallowing the saliva, so they annoy and disgust
others by spitting wherever they go. if
our spitters knew wdiat others think of
them they would not enjoy themselves
very well. Thoso who hare diseases of
the nose, throat or lungs, are not excusable for expectorating wherever they go
The expectorated matter may be danger
ous by drying up ana being Mown about
for others to breathe, causing disease in
them. Let us have a crusado against
spitting and expectorating whorever it
can do harm.���Herald of Health.
Joy nnrl Sorrow Mixed.
The unexpected way in which a damper may bo thrown upon an enthusiastic
company is exemplified by a recent occurrence in an uptown drawing room.
At a miscellaneous evening function,
iu holiday lightheartodness, a certain
hostess invited a group of college stu-
dentll to sin:;. The oid favorite, "The
King of the Cannibal Islands." was select ed will, the apparent approval of the
company.   Bnt when ihe line,   "They
dined on clergymen cold and raw," was
jocularly pealed forth one young woman
rose ami left the room, suffused in tears.
Her lather hail been a missionary, and,
it seems, eaten by cannibals.
t riicticill.
An association for the promotion of
I oyclitlg among women  has been formed
: in England,    tine of the special features
I of tliu work contemplated is the aiding
of women uot able to pay for machines
in full to procure wheels on the easy
payment plan.
A Tax oir Card I'laying.
Moscow's foundling asylum, founded
by Catherine II., is kept up by a tax on
playing cards.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets, Doors,
Windows, Frames, Mouldings,  Honse Finish,
Mantels,   School    Seats and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
(fee,    &c,    &c.
Importers   of Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber  accurately  Sawn,
Orders  Promptly  Filled.
Orders   by  Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.


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