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The Pacific Canadian Apr 28, 1894

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Vol. I.
No. 33
M Ellon ANT'S HOTEL, corner or McNeely
and Oolumbla Streets. Best Wines
and Cigars kept, constantly on hand. JAS.
OASH, Proprietor.
1100M. Oysters fvesli dibly. All game
in season. Open day and night. Meals at
all hours, First-class cusine. No Chinamen.
HAKHY HUGHES, Proprietor.
GKOTTO HOTEL. This House lias Iieen
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor solicits a shore of publio
patronage. .MEAl.s. 25cents. Whtteoooks.
<;. H. SMALL. Proprietor.
ritllE telegraph iiotkl. Front street, ! '���
I    oppofltto to Ihe Ferry bunding.    Nolli   ;
ing lint choicest of liipiors and olgars.   Tele-
phono 188., I*. O. Box sa.   IIOGAN BEOS., I
���_!IOKOFF HOUSE, i-oriiei- Front, ami
|_ Begbie streets. Now Westminster. First
classboirdand lodging1, Besl wines. Mnuors
and olgars Mipplied at the bar, HUFF &
SWANBON, Proprietors.
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Oolumbla
and Begbie si reels. New Wostmlnster.
H. 0. Bates for Hoard and Lodging: Per
day. Jl.nii: per week, $5.50. The besl of Wines,
Liquors and Olgars dispensed al Ihe bar.
J. 0. GRAY, Proprietor.
DEPOT HOTEL. Columbia Street, New'
Westminster, Thebestli.OOaday house
lu Canada. The rooms arc superior, and the
Hotel is well adapted to the. needs of families,
to whom special rates are given. Hoard by j
tho week at reduced rales. P.O.HILODEAt).
One Dollar per Year.
Tho subscription prico of this papor is
$1 por annum. The Pacific Canadian
is tho only $1 papor published in British
Columbia, and is certainly tho bost
paper published for the money in any
of tho western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper is an educator, and no
family should be without, one. The
Canadian is designed for a family paper, I
and is always free of objectionable j
matter. Every home should have it.
Only $1 per year.
A BOAT was stolen from one of the city
boat-houses recently.
Mu. C. Cr. Ma.ion lost a line Jersey cow
this week valued at. $300.
Read new  advertisement of Messrs.
Sinclair ,t Co., In this issue.
Mn. F. Roper, V.S., Provincial Inspector of contagious diseases in cattle,
after inspecting ihe stock at Chilliwack,
reports one horse afflicted with glanders,
whicli was shot and buried seven feet
underground. Mr. Roper intends visiting Surrey, Langley and Upper Sumas
Delta Political Association.
A meeting of tbo abovo Organization
was held on Saturday last at Clovordalo,
for the election of officers1 and the transaction of other business. There was a
very good uttendaiica from all over the
Riding, and from reports of delegates it
 ^is evident that Delta will elect a Govern-
Mit T. N. Ar.DiiinoE and family, who i mont supporter by a vote of about two
re near Aldergrove, were left homeless!to ��ne.   The meeting was opened by the
appointment of  Mr.   John  Kirkland, of
Ladners, as chairman, and  the  election
of officers was   then   proceeded with its
President���John Kirkland, Ladners.
Vice-President���Jas. Punch,  Brownsville.
Treasurer ��� Thos.   Shannon,   clover
live _^^_^^_^^_^^���
by their house being burned to the
ground at about 2.30 In the morning on
Tuesday last. Everything was lost. The
origin of the lire is unknown,
Two organizers from tliu Protestant
Protection Association, of Ontario, are
in Victoria endeavoring to organize a
lodge there.    Thev were lu Westminster, I Valley
but  the  result   of   their   work   is   not.    Secretary���L. II. Lucas, Ladner
The Court of Revision on   the asses
ment roll for the city   sits   on   Monday
e  about  200  appeals,
i on the ground of over
160  of
Now Westminster. This Is the popular
Hotel of the city. Airy and well furnished
rooms. Cusine department carefully super-
Tised, and the dining: tables supplied with
ull the luxuries of the season. Banquets
spread to order. Late suppers provided at
snort notice. Choice Wines, Liquors and
Cigars In the sample room. A. VAOHON,
Pure Bred Berkshire
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swiiio, has always on band pigs of
all ages, which will be sold at reasonable
prloes.   Applv to
Cloverdale, B.C.
Corner of Columbia fc BtcKenzlo Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
A Savings Bank
Has boon  opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and one-half per cent.
The riflemen here have decided to
enter two teams In the Canadian Military
League matches.
Christopher Chishman died at the
Asylum on Sunday, lie was a native of
Hamilton, Ont,
The committee who havo the May
day celebration In hand are making overy
preparation for a good day's sport.
The ordinary sitting of tho County
Court has been postponed from May 1st
to May 2nd at the request of the Westminster Bar.
Robinson was fined $20 and costs or
Imprisonment for two months for his
assault on a Chinese missionary last
A. C. Cukrv, of Mission City, was
charged in tho District Court with stealing a quantity of goods from W. A. C
Pilling of the same place. Tbe case was
remanded for one week.
Tue steamer Edgar whilo on her trip
down the river on Monday evening to
Ladners, struck ou a snug knocking a
hole in ber bottom. Capt. Baker pro-1
cured a small steam launch to take the i
mails on and repairs wero 111 ado so that
tho boat Is running once moro as usual,   j
Peter DOUGLAS was charged ou Mon-,
day last with kicking Wm.  _ urncss on
March 24th.   The case   was dismissed, j
In the afternoon  Furness  met Douglas j
on  the   street  and   instantly  attacked
him. striking him witli his list and kick- j
ing   bim.    Furness   wns   shortly aftor
arrested and charged with the assault.
The Chilliwack Municipality has been
asked to guarantee the interest up to
5 per cent, for 25 years on tho bonds, to
the amount of $7,000 per mile ef the
Chilliwack Railway Co. In return the
com pany promises to turn ovor one-half
of the Dominion  subsidy,   estimated  at
935,000 ill cash and 20 por cent,  of the ,
gross earnings of tho road.
A lady was heard to remark that a
Wostmlnstor audience was tbo hardest |
audience to sing before of any in Canada
and that Victoria wus next. Tho
audience never givo a good hearty encore
and during Intermission they will discuss I
politics, businoss, dross, or anything
under tbo sun but thoso who have beon
endeavoring to please them. An old
timer remarked that the next day the
men discuss it on tho street corner while
the ladies mako it thoir principal topic
of conversation during their afternoon
Executive Committee���*J, P. tin I bra ith,
OloverdolO! .1. ('. Murphy and Chas,
MeKenzie, Clover Valley, J. E.  Murchl-
BOU,    Langley    Prairie;   R.    I).   Ilenson,
I.adners: and Robt. Brown, otter.
After the discussion of various matters
appertaining to tho association, thenues-
was summoned to j tion of arranging for a nominating convention was introduced. It was deckled
fh.il, as fanners generally are likely to
be very busy for some weeks, the date-
should be placed as far ahead as prttclic-'
able, and Anally Saturday, May 19tb,
was fixed upon. The Convention will
meet, at Cloverdale, at 10 o'clock, a.m.,
and the voting will be by ballot.    Under
 the constitution of   tho Association, a
Attempted Escape | VKry careful system of choosing lioinina-
A most daring attempt at escape from j hSfi^f^fi8 Prided for,  and  it is
the Penitentiary was made  on  Monday SS^&VdH8 ?^?V^nWon at Clover-
' \ dale on tho 19th of May will be the most
i precisely representative political gather-
II!   Wl-tNIU'.I.I.	
before the Police Court as a
vagrant, but as he failed to appear a
Bench warrant was issued but so far he
has eluded the Police.
An old-timer by the name of Jas.
Dickson, better known as "Moustache
Jim," died at Vancouver this week from
the effects of a sproe.
afternoon. At about ,'1 o'clock while
working in a back field of the penitentiary farm, Hen Kennedy alias Myers,
went to the water closet and as soon as
he came out be put up two fingers and
two of tho convicts commenced lighting.
On this Kennedy commenced digging
along the side of the fence and soon took
np a Colt's riflo loaded with ten bullets
and handed it to McCabo who was at
hand. McCabo at once pointed It at
Officer Burr,and pulled but it failed to
gooff. Mr. Burr came running ovor
and at tho same timo drew his revolver
and shot McCabe in tho breast. Mr.
Rurr was only some short distance from
tlie rifle, which if it bad gone off would
have killed him. The riflo had a groused
bag over it and evidently was put their
bv a confederate. When Kennedy saw
that McCabo was shot he surrendered
and was put in Irons. McCabo was re-
iiiiiv d to the hospital
Kennedy is well known as the notorious outlaw who murdered logger O'Connor up north and who defied the polico
so long and who was sentenced for life.
McOabe was put In for two yoars for
breaking into Bell-Irving, Paterson &
Co's. warehouse here.
Thero is every reason to believe that
the plot was widespread among the convicts, and if it had not been for officer
Burr's pluck the result might have been
more sorlous.
It has transpired that there was a
deep-laid plot to liberate the whole of
the outside gang, which numbers about
40. Kennedy, after giving McCabo the
rifle started digging with tlie expectation,
he says, of liuding a number of rifles
there. Uuards Rurr and Qullty are
deserving of groat credit for their cool
and brave action.
ing ever held in B. C. Tho names of
candidates will not bo submitted, every
delegate being at liberty to mark his
ballot for whomsoever ho choose*. It is
expected that about iifty delegates will
attend tho convention, and those who aro
well acquainted with the district are
confident that tbe man who receives tho
nomination will bo certain to be elected
Member for Delta.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Draylng & TciiiniiiK Promptly
Attended to.
Annuls for T. Ilenibrougli it Co.'s Hrlck,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received for Gilloy _ Rogers'Coal,
Importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
647 Front St., New Westminster.
Tiik formal opening of tlieCoqualutya
Industrial Institute for Indians took
placo on Thursday. Judge Vowel],
Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and a
number of Methodist clergymen wore
present to witness the event. The Institute was built by and is under the
control of the Methodist Church of
Canada. The examination of the 01
pupils was held in tbo morning, tbo
formal exercises of tho opening took
placo in the afternoon. There was a
large gathering of whites and Indians to
watch tho Interesting coroiuonios.
Tiik Oddfellows of Surrey havo commenced operations on their new hall at
Cloverdale. The building will bo larger
than thn one recently destroyed by lire,
and superior in every respect. Tlin
plans, we believe, were prepared by Mr.
John Elliott, and the elevation shows a
particularly handsome front. Tho tenders call for thorough work lu every
detail. Mr, Win. Murray, of Langloy
Prairie, has the contract, Tbo Cloverdale Lodge of Oddfellows is probably the I
strongest rural  lodge  lu   tli"   Province,
and without exception the members are
enthusiastic admirers of their Order.
Kmcn. Johnson, a chopper Iii the Royal j
City Mills camp at Surrey,  was  killed j
on Saturday evening lust by  the  falling'
of   a tree.    Johnson had  Just  felled   a
tree and moved back against the butt of I
another one.    The falling tree swung on
the slump, and the tup struck a large 11 r, j
with the result that the butt waB thrown
oil the stump and  swung ovnr against
Johnson crushing him tu death almost
Instantly. His brother was present and
witnessed the shocking accident. The'
deceased was ti.'i years of age, and was
an old employe of the Royal City Mills,
lie was burled at Langley Prairie on I
Su inlay.
A MKKT1N0 of the Oppositionists was
hold at Union Hall, on Saturday
ovousng, when Mr. Brown announced that he had received wori
from the Postmaster-General that ho
would have to devote his full time lo the
Posl-ollico work, consequently ho would
have to drop out of politics. A vote of
thanks was tendered Mr, Brown for his
services and a committee of five appointed to recompense him in somo tangible
way.oMr. J. ll. Kennedy of the Brunette
Saw Mills was then nominated as a candidate al. the, coming general election,
after which tho meotlng dispersed.
Tho market yesterday was weak. The
supply of produce was light, and there
were not many buyers in attendance.
Meats were decidedly short, and higher
prices were realized than It would be safe,
to quote. In the way of poultry but
littlo Is offering, and ducks especially are
Inquired for. Oats are scarce, and there
is a demand for a good quality for seed.
There is a large supply of potatoes on
band, but prices continue to rule Arm.
Eggs tend downwards. Wo quote as
Chickens and hens, $0 per doz. Other
poultry, none.
Butter, SB to GO emits per roll. Eggs,
18 to 22 cents per doz.
No pork. No mutton. Beof short, and
safe at 7 conts for forequarters and 9
cents for hindquarters. Veal not plentiful, and ruling at about 9 conts.
Hay, Sll to $13 por ton.
Oats, 887 to 880 por ton. Whoat, 825
to 830.
Potatoes, 818 to 820 por ton. Turnips,
89; mangolds, 87; white carrots, 88 to SO;
red carrots, Sio to ��11; beets, 1 Remits per
lb.; parsnips, 1J cents por pound.
Rhubarb, 21 to 31 cents per pound.
Work on the new stono and steel bridge
across the Columbia river will be begun
this season by the C.P.R.
Thu Provincial Horticultural Society
will meet at Mission City ou May 1st.
Archibald Reid has been com in I lied for |u| 	
trial   In   the   Victoria   Police Court for j M'd.ennun roads.
1   Coun.   McDonald
Council met on Saturday, April 21st,
pursuant to adjournment, tho Roove In
the chair and all tbo members present.
Minutes of last moeting road, and, on
motion, confirmed.
Communications woro received and
disposed of as follows:
From II. Needham, re lands purchased
at tax sale.   Clerk to reply.
From S. L. Rutler, complaining of
road tax.   Clerk to reply.
From W. S. Gore, Deputy Commissioner of Lands and Works, advising the
Council that 81.000 would be set aside as
a giant to trunk roads in tho municipality of Surrey. Cleik to roply, acknowledging the same.
From Win. Figg, ro land purchased at
tax sale, 1892. Coun. Johnson to see Mr.
Figg and report.
From Win. Figg, asking the Council
to open that part of the Coast Meridian
road south of Wm. Preston's, a distance
of ft.; miles.   Laid over.
From J. C. S. MeKenzie, complaining
of frequent closing of a culvert at thn
foot of the hill on the Hall's Prairie road
bv A. Murphy. The Clerk was orierod
to write to Mr. Murphy that this could
not bo allowod to go on.
From II. Rose, asking leave of tho
Council to replace the corduroy on his
road witli bis statute labor.   Granted.
A petition was roceived from Jobs
Bond and others, restoppaeoof tail drain
by the Great Northern Railway Co.,caus-
Ing damage to the McLennan road thereby. Clerk to writo to tho company to
open said drain.
The committee appointed to examine
the township line reported that Mr.
Wickersham had dug a ditch on tho road
allowance, and that It should be filled up
as soon as possiblo.
On motion, tho Clerk was ordered to
write to Mr. Wickersham to have this
ditch filled up hnforo the 1st of July or
he will be liable for damages.
Conn. Keery was authorized to havo
the bridgo at Elgin repaired.
A question camo before thn Council as
to guaranteeing a certain amount to
have a doctor reside and practise In the
|munclpality. After discussing the matter fully, It was decided not to do so, but
that all were In favor of seeing a doctor
come In to tho municipality to practise
and live here.
Coun. Keery was authorized to examine
Mr. Mclnnis' rnad, oast of Hall's Prairie
road, and havo samo repaired If thought
advisable, cost not to exceed 810.
The following worn appointed members
of the Court of Revisions The Reeve and
Councillors Gordon, Johnson, Hookway
and Keery.
On motion, $100 was appropriated to
theJohnsnn road, between the Yule and
    was authorized   to
have the plank road repaired at Brownsville.
aiding and libelling "Lord" Percy Whit
tall to obtain theatre tickets under fall'
,���.       ii   ,.        , .,       ooun. Gordon waa authorized to have
Ihe collection   taker,   up   among  Hie i the corduroy ropla I on the Const Meri-
niiiiers in Wellington tor  tho widow of dlan road, north or the Yale road
Charles liosin,   realised   1135.05,   which , competition, cost, not to exceed 110
Council met at tho Town Hall on Saturday, April 7th, at 10.30 a.m. Present,
the Reeve and full Council.
Tho minutes of previous meeting were
road and confirmed.
Communications were received as follows:
From J. Siitterthwaite, for permission
to dig a ditch across Jackman road.
Leave granted.
From Messrs. Smith, Routly and others,
for repairs to Routly road. Referred to
Ward councillor for report.
From 11.ui. Attorney-General, re town
line.    Ui   rived and filed.
From II -eve and Council Matsqul Municipality, t"  petitioning Government to
appoint n resident physician.    R Ivod
and filed,
From Harris and McNeil re Campbell!
road.    Received and llled.
Prom A. Holding, re inaiiageiiieiil of
gravel pit, Referral to Couns. Wards l
nnd :.'.
Prom J. Watson, ro statute labor. Referred to \\aid Councillor,
Prom D, Cariiiiehiiel,   for  n   grant for j
straightening road.   Referred io Ward
From II.  Hyde, re  lot ominitted  last j
year from his statute  labor  list.    Clerk
Instructed to mako the change.
From His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor, ro 2Ji mile Belt. Received and
Clork was Instructed to apply for copy
of Gazette gazetting Armstrong road.
Coun. Cornoek was empowered to ox-
pend 830 In making a tail race lo ditch
on Jackman road.
The pathmasters fortbedifforcntbeats
were appointed, and clerk instructed to
call for all petitions for roads to be
handed in by next mooting.
The Reeve was authorised to interview
M. Mathieson with reference to purchasing a gravel pit.
The following accounts woro roceived
and ordered paid: A. Brockle, 84.45; J.
Smith, 810; A. C. Campbell, 88; A. Morrison, 813.30; II. Harris, 83.70; W. Teor-
man, 81-50; Emptago, 83; and W. Murray,
Council adjourned until first Saturday
In May.
Chief Justice Begbie and Judge Burbldffe
named to make enijalry into Nakusp _
Slocan Hallway charges.
Iiimliia  at.
er  thn  ad-
Hls Honor
amount bus been handed over to  her by
the committee.
The. Fraser Valley ('mining Co., of
Chllllwack, does not Intend to run Its
cannery this summer. This Is a serious
matter to those who lire devoting themselves to the culture of fruit,* and
whose reliance for a market Is largely
invested lu this cannery. It is suggested that those Interested should
form an association and continue the
The prizo fight booked for Junction
Inn t.011 Saturday night between Reed .of
Winnipeg and Ilicks of Vancouvor, for
8100 a side, was stopped by tho polico.
Tho pugs and sports got together on
Sunday afternoon Iu a barn on Trounco
alley, and tho light there occurred,
Illcks winning in eight rounds. Warrants wero taken out to-day for tbo participants, many of whom wero prominent
��' tion, the name of the   Hookway
road was changed to the Kensington aud
Mud Kay road.
The following pathmasters were appointed: Messrs. Donald McRae, John
Stuart. T. Hardy, mid 1). Johnstone, for
Ward 3: Messrs. Crnndall, Liiwarensen,
John Starr, D. MeKenzie, A. Appelle,
Thos. Shannon. J. C. A, Rates. Boxall,
Erie. Anderson, and Carncross (appointed hefore), for Ward I: Messrs. Win. B.
Wilder and Wm. Figg for Ward 5.
The following accounts wero ordered
paid: R. Wolfenden, 80.50; James Clow,
801.20; John Beaton, 88.40; W. B.Wilder,
812; Paul Radford, 88.50; C. C. Camoron,
81; J. C. McDonald, 825; D. Stewart, 85;
W. S. Whiteside, 840.
Conn. Hookway asked further time to
bring In a revenue by-law. CJ
Tbo Mongolian By-law was taken up
and passod seriatim.
Tho Council adjourned, to meet May
5tb, at 8 p.m.
Council met. Present, tho Reeve and
full Board.
The minutes of last meeting wero
amended by striking out all tbe appropriations that were authorized at tbo
said meeting for the purpose of reconsideration, except the appropriation for
digging a ditch on Georgia street. Tho
minutes wero then adopted as amended.
The petition of Thomas Wilson and
othors was received and on the signers
of that petition signing an agreement to
pay one-half tho expense of enlarging
tho ditch ou the west side of tho Smith
road, Coun. Goudy is empowered to lot a
contract for doing the work.
The petition of Mr. S. S. Smith and
others was roceived, and Coun. Goudy
was omuowored to expend 8200 in planking on the. Smith road, to commence 20
rods south of the drainage ditch, then
south as far as thn money will go.
Tho petition of J. A. Paterson was received and the sum of 8100 was appropriated towards opening up tho Tasker
road, commencing at the Trunk road.
Tho potition of M. G. Laws was roceived and Coun. McKeo was empowered
to expend 8100 in corduroy on the Brown-
Kittson road.
Tho potition of Mr. James Matthews
and others was received and Coun.
McKee was empowered to expend 8400 In
plank on the Mathieson road as petitioned for.
Mrs. Deveroaux was appointed caretaker for the Town Hall in lieu of Mrs.
Clausen resigned.
Tho following bills were ordered paid:
T. Thirklo, 810.50, and Messrs. Corbould
and McColl, 810.
It was movod and seconded that the
Reevo and Council present tho Grand
Lodge of A.O.U.W. with an address of
welcome on their arrival at Ladners next
Tho Clerk was instructed to have 50
copies of the auditor's statement of tho
Dyking and Drainage Scheme Accounts
printed and a copy to be sent to each of
tho taxpayers interested.
Tho Bank Hy-law was read a third
time and the Delta Cemetery By-law 1894
passed first time.
Coun. McKoe was em powered to ox-
pend 8100 In corduroy on tho Hosklns
Coun. Goudy was ompowered to expend
8200 In planking on the Ilenson road.
Coun. Guichon wus empowered to lot
a contract for planking half a mile on
the G. II. Main road.
Coun. Arthur was empowered lo hit a
contract for half u mile of planking on
the Chlloktlu Slough road.
Coun. McClosky was empowered to lot
a contract for planking 15 chains on the
Crescent Island road, commencing at
Burgess' corner going west.
Coun. Goudy was empowered to let a
contract for hauling8100 worth of gravel
on the Goudy roud.
TI.e Council then adjourned.
Ladners, April 30th, '94.
Capt. Robertson, better known as
Chinese Robertson, has announced himself ns an Opposition candidate for North
Victoria electoral district. lie is now
iiiiton the stump among the Islands.
J. P. Booth, the present member, will
doubtless again tako the field in tlioGov-
eminent Interest, and will bo elected.
The case of Gordon vs. Cotton was
beforo the Divisional court at Victoria
yesterday, Justices Crease, Walkem and
Drake presiding. For tho plaintiff E. P.
Davis movxl to commit the defendant,
F. C. Cotton, M.P.P., for contempt of
Court in not answering certain questions
which ho had boon ordered by tho court
to answer. Tho motion was dismissed
with costs on the ground that the Divisional court Is not an appellate court,
and the motion should have been made
bofore a single Judgo.
An oxtra of the Britisli Columbia Gazette was issued on Friday last containing a proclamation naming the royal
commission called for by the resolution
adopted by the Provincial Legislature on
tho Oth inst. The proclamation, under
the signature of the Lieutenant-Governor, and dated the 20th April, 1894, Is as
To the. Honorable Sir Ma/them llaillie Begbie,
Knight, Chief J ml'tee of Britisli Columbia,
ami the Honorable Oeorge Wheelodt Bur-
bidge, Judge of the Exchequer Court of
Canada. Greeting :
It having been resolved amongst tin-
proceedings of the Legislative Assembly
of thu Province   of  British   Col
its hi si. session:
"That whereas, acting und
vice of the Mxeeulive Council,
the Lieutenant-Governor hasbeeii pleased
to givo a Provincial guarantee of Interest
upon the bonds of the Nakusp _ Slocan
Railway Company to the extent of 4 per
cent, per annum on $38,000 per mile for
twenty-five years, and by the like advice
lias, lu the agreement for the guarantee
of interest, reserved tho right to substitute bonds guaranteeing principal at
the. rate of 817,500 per mile, togothor
with Intorest at a rate per annum sufficient to enable the company to rouIIzo
par, but in no case to exceed 4 per cent,
per annum;
"And wheroas, by message from Ills
Honor tho Lieutenant-Governor, with the
advice aforesaid, a bill has been introduced for the purpose of guaranteeing
principal and intorest In manner mentioned in the said agreement;
"And whereas, it has been stated by
tho honorable tho member for Nanaimo
District, in his place in the House of
Assembly, that it appeared tbat the
Honorablo tbo Loader of thoGovernmont
had been working for the company and
not for tbo Province, and it has also
been insinuated in tho said House of
Assembly by other honorable members,
although not directly charged, that the
members of tho Executive Council were
actuated by corrupt motives iu advising
His Honor the Lieutenant-Governor In
relation to the mattors aforesaid;
"Therefore be It Resolved, That an
humble Address bo presented to His
Honor the Lieutenant-Governor praying
him to appoint a Royal Commission to
enquire whether the Honorable the Premier, in advising the said guarantee,
worked for tho Company and not for the
Province, and whether corrupt motives
of any kind existed witb or influenced
His Honor's Ministers in the advice
tendered by them to His Honor tho
Lieutenant-Governor In relation to the
Nakusp and Slocan Railway Company,
whether any of His Honor's Ministers
nave or had any interest, directly or indirectly, in tbe Nakusp and Slocan Railway Company, or In tho Construction
Company, either In furnishing materials
or supplies, or in any way whatsoever;"
which resolution was approved by an
Order of His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor In Council, dated tho 10th day
of April, 1894.
Now know ye that, in pursuance of the
said resolution and ordor in council, and
reposing especial trust In your loyalty,
integrity and ability, we do hereby, In
pursuance of the powers contained in
the "Public Inquiries Act," and of all
other powi >-s and authorities us In that
behalf cun, . 'ig, consulate and appoint
you, tbe said Sir Matthew Baillio Bogblo
and George Wheolock Burbldgc. jointly,
and each of you separately, to be commissioners with tlie power of making
Inquiry into all and overy of tho matters,
aforesaid so far as tho same refer to the
the good government of this Proviuco, or
reflect upon conduct of any part of the
public business thereof, together with
tho power of summoning beforo you, or
either of you, any party or witnesses,
and of requiring thom to givo evidence
ou oath, orally or In writing, or ou solemn
affirmation (if thoy bo parties entitled to
affirm In civil matters), and to produce
such documents and things as you, or
either of you, may deem requisite to the
full investigation of the matters aforesaid; and We empower and direct you
tbo said Commissioners, or either of you,
to report tho facts found by you, In writing, to Our Lieutenant-Governor of Our
said Provlnco of British Columbia Immediately, or as soon as conveniently
may be, aftor you shall havo concluded
such Inquiry, together with the views
which you, or either of you, may have
formed lu relation to the mattors aforesaid as a result of tho said Inquiry, and
that vou do and perform all those matters and things in mid about the taking
of the said Inquiry as by luw lu that,
behalf you are authorized to do."
Vernon, April 23.���A sad drowning
accident oceui'i'eil last Friday night nlniiU
three miles from K'elowna, on Okaiiiignii
lake. Two young men niiined Walker
and G. Welby went out lisliing In a small
boat, carrying a large sail. The wind
rising suddenly upset Ihe boat, wliich
was then lu the middle of the lake.
Walker clung to it, and was saved by
Indians, but Welby endeavored to swim
to the shore and sunk about 2(1 yards
from It,    He must have been taken witb
cramps or have been exhausted, Residents of K'elowna heard the shouts,
liaslily procured bouts and went to thoir
asssistance, but arrived too late to savo
Welby. Where his body was found the
water was only ten feet deep. Deceased
wns 21 years of age, and only arrived
from Tollorton, Nottingham, Eng., a
month ago. His father, the Rov. Mr.
Wolby, of Nottingham, was Informed by
cable of the sad fate of his son.
Mr. M. S. Rose's homo on his ranch
at Abbottsford was burned down and tbe
'furniture and contonts entirely consumed. The houso was occupied by a
tenant who was out at the time. It is
supposed to havo been set on fire by a
is published every Hatuhiiay, by
Corner  Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Hunk of Montreal.)
Subscription, $1.00 tier annum, in advance
Transihnt AnvKUTiSMi-tNTS���Ten cents per
line, for each Insertion. All transient
advertisements lo lie measured us solid
nonpurlol���12 lines to the inch.
Uommeuoiai; Advertisements���In displayed
type:   Special rules, mude known on application.
occupy ti spiu-e of more than one inch, and
sot solid In uniform style, 91 85 per month,
or hy yearly contract. $12.00.
Small   Advertisements  of Wants, Lost
Found, eto,, of not more thun one inch
space, $1.00 for three Insertions.
jiEAiuNii Notices���2Hcents per line,eaoh insertion, unless otherwise contracted for
lliicrus. Mahuiaoesand Deaths���50cents.
New Westminster, B, 0.
��h*  ihu-ifu-   ��itmtMcm,
./. 0. BROWN, M.P.P.
The Opposition on the  Mainland an
undoubtedly gains strength in the retirement of Mr. Brown. Tho members of
tbe Government and their following
perfectly understand this, and it is witb
them a source of deop regret that the
combative and acrimonious member who
has represented New Westminster during the past four years, and during that
period kept tho Opposition party in
turmoil is about to sever his connection
with the discontents, Depend upon it,
lion. Premier Davio, far from wishing
to retiro tho member for Now Westminster, would bo only too glad of the
continued services of that gentleman in
keeping the opponents of tho Government in hot water.
Ncithor is it true that, during Mr.
Brown's administration of his representative position in the Provincial Legislature, no complaints wero uttered regarding his administration of the official
position of city postmaster. The complaints, it is true, woro of a comparatively trivial character, but tlioy were
wide-spread, and it was high time that
the Postmaster-General asserted himself
In the Interest of his Department.   Mr.
J. C. Brown, city postmaster, should
never have boon permitted to sit in the
Legislature. Under the same conditions
hu would not have been allowed a seal Iu
endeavoring,  somewhat   frantically,  to j any of   the   other   provinces.     British
make a grievance of tho retirement of
Mr. .1. C. Ilrowu from the arena of Provincial politics, lt is generally uiider-
llood I hat Mr. Hrown. being ihe  official
in charge of the Important post oflice of
New Westminster City, received instructions from Hie Department of tho Dominion Postmaster-General, that the
positions of city postmaster and Provincial legislative representative woro
not in harmony, and that ho would bo
required to retire, either from the ono or
the other, and that Mr. J. C, having a
realizing sense of the sice his bread was
buttered on, promptly surrendered tho
fleeting and unsFtisfying glory of a weak
causo In the Provincial Legislature. Tho
News-Advertiser, however, mouthpiece of
Mr. Brown's chief, states that it was
known for some time by Mr. Brown's
colleagues that he would decide to retiro
from his legislative position, so tbat it
floes not quite appear that tho hon.
member was pushed beyond his own inclination. The truth appears to be that
Mr. Brown had about arrived at a realizing sense of the fact that he had outlived his legislative usefulness, and was
glad enough to retire, without loss of
credit, from a hopeless cause. The member for Now Westminster has a reputation for shrewdness, and his acquaintances generally will givo him credit for
knowing when to quit; and the time was
evidently ripe, if any credence is to be
attached to the reputed overflowing
measure of enthusiam that was accorded
to Mr. J. li. Kennedy, who was nominated on Saturday night to succeed to the
burthen discarded by the astute postmaster.
Usually, when a representative mau
/etircs from public place, those who
were opposed to him while in action, feel
�� disposition to acknowledge all his
merits and condone or entirely overlook
matters of difference of opinion, or of
policy, or of natural characteristics. It
thus often happens, thut public  men of
even contemptible character, retire to private life amidst the praises of old-time
opponents. The custom may not ho
honest, but it is charitable, and charity
covers a multitude of sins. When it was
known that Mr. J. C. Brown, M.P.P.,
was about to retire from his representative position, several Ministerial
newspapers forgot their old animosities and mado kindly reference to
the good points of the departing politician. Apparently these courtesies
���were not appreciated by the .Opposition
Dross, the chief of which, the News-Ad-
vi-iiser,    stigmatizes    the    Ministerial
cm-opiums Of Mr, Hrown as "slobber."
Now, the Canaiiia.n   has   no   desire   lo
hunt the member for Westminster Into
liis hole, mid would much rather stretch
a point to make a kindly reference than
lo tell a harsh truth regarding a man
about lo puss oil the political scene. But
if benevolence is to be credited as
'slobber," It Is surely better to express
bonest opinion, and we give our- as
follows: Mr. J. C. Hrown. like most
people who bold themselves in high
��� hi in. is a ready public speaker, though
oot by any means :i good speaker according to tho standard in ihe eastern Pro-
rlnces. lie is a very good debater, and
reasonably acutu In
Columbia is exceptionally liberal in this
mailer, as Mr. Davie said during tlie late
sosslon, and it certainly was time for the
Dominion authorities to interfere. And
they did. Tho wonder Is, that in a
Department so circumspect as that of
the Postmaster-General, the anomaly
of au M.P.P.-postmastor was so long
tolerated. It Is well the anomaly is
ended, and if Mr. Brown confines himself to his official duties, and acquits
them woll, there is no apparent reason
why he should not bo held as high in the
general estoem as any other efficient
official of the people.
Sitting tho other day on the Yale road
bridgo over tbo Serpentine rivor In
Surrey, angling for trout, with a bit of
rod yarn for bait, in tlie lack of anything
more enticing, some suggestions regarding trout lisliing occurred to the writer
that may perhaps be of somo little interest lo poople who take pleasure in the
peaceful and meditative recreation of
angling, than which there is no "sport"
more delightfully entertaining and innocent, and compared with which the pastime of shooting is very butchery. It is
a delight to even sit on the haul; of a
swift and limpid stream, like the Lillooet for instance, bounding along its
bed of boulders, and there soothed by the
music of the tumbling waters, surrender
one's self to gentle meditation. The recreation of the angler is a poem embracing all Nature, and thero aro fow who
lovo It but are thereby made better
It must, however, be admitted that tho
most enthusiastic angler has a decided
objection to going a-lishing all through
a season and returning homo on every
occasion with an empty basket. -There
are many anglers in British Columbia
who have bad too much experience of
this kind, notwithstanding that the
streams of this Province are almost all
well stocked with trout. Somehow an
impression has become current that It is
not "sportsmanlike'' to tako trout with
anything but an artificial fly, and the
way some disreputable anglers will lie
about their catches is astounding. Once
the writer met a man at Coquitlam
junction who had just come down from
the Lillooet with a splendid basket of
trout. Asked what lie used for bait he
replied, "Oh, took them with a fly, of
course." Now, as a matter of fact, It
was dynamite that man baited with, as
transpired afterwards. Another man,
and an expert hand to throw a liv, went
out to the little lake near Vancouver one
duy witli a good supply of salmon roe, a
quantity of which he scattered lu the
water where he was about lo lish. The
remainder he used for bait, and he made
a lino catch. Nevertheless, he always
assured his acquaintances in Hie most
brazen way that lie took every trout of
thom with a small American "coachman," Now. what folly is this. Give
tills hand a rod and line mid a choice of
bail, ami there will  be   no   hesitation in
choosing thai bait Hint  the  trout will
most readily lake,  whatever   it  may be.
nothing about it, and never read "Tho
Complete Angler." Keferring to certain
changes in the game law at tho last
session of the Legislature, looking to the
protection of trout, a Provincial journal
stated that disciples of Isaac Walton
would bo pleased to learn that it would
hereafter be unlawful to uso salmon roo
as bait in angling for trout. No such
thing. On the contrary, overy true disciple of the man who first made angling
a popular recreation, will wonder at tbe
stupidity of the members of the Legislature in passing such an enactment.
Isaac Walton gives moro than a hundred
different baits to angle with ��� flies,
natural and artificial, minnows, barley
paste, cheese, lob worms and a scorn of
other worms, gentles (the lurvao of Hies
in putrifying meat), and a numbor of.
other species of maggot, tho spawn of j
fishes, and a host of others, and said j
thut ho would he rejoiced if any bait:
could be discovered that would he more
successful. You seo, Isaac Walton went
a-fishing for fish, and if he couldn't get
any with a lly or a minnow, he would try
the enticement of a worm or a maggot,
or a hit of lish spawn, and whichever tho
fish appeared to appreciate most, that
was ihe kind he appreciated most. So
It Is with this writer, who is well pleased
to ho able to kill trout after tlie style of
old Isaac Walton, and who, angling with
such baits as proved taking, has often
made inure expert anglers, who scorned
anything but lly, feel vory much dis-
couraged at tbo perversity of trout in
preferring a coarse vulgar ground bait;
to a dainty imitation of an insect.
Trout aro not so easily taken in tho
streams of this coast that the angler
should bo debarred tho uso of any
reasonable bait, and salmon roo is such,
for it is the natural food of trout in these
waters. The angle worm, so successfully used in Eastern Canada, is a very
indifferent bait hero���not any bettor
than a bit of raw beef. Sometimes tho
artificial fly takes well, but not often,
aud with the most successful of baits
there aro a mighty sight more empty
baskets returned home than full ones.
Tho restriction of the use of salmon roe
for taking trout is an absurdity, and like,
all similar absurdities, that law will he.
respected in tbo breach. Streams
stocked with trout aro of but little benefit to the country, if the taking of thom
is made so difficult that tho angler forsakes his wonted recreation, and the
breakfast table ceases to bear its occasional dish in season of the choicest food
of all the lishos that swim tho waters.
T_ *Zt-ci
u_U ._���
How the American  Farmers Suffer by
Hamilton Spectator.
Zaecbeus B. Choitte, formerly a well-
known farmer in this county, is now living near Cedurville, Idaho, and in a letter
to J. E. O'Reilly, local muster in chancery, ho gives rather a dismal picture of
tho state of affairs in that paradise of
Sir Richard Cartwrlght. Describing his
experiences there he says:
Last spring was very lato, wliich mado
the season short at  that,  end,   so  there
was a light crop.   There was  only four
mouths and twelve days  from  tho  timo
the last snow   Hakes   was   soon   in tho
spring till they wero again soon in the I
fall.    In September,   just  when  many
were in harvest, It commenced to rain.
People who cut their   grain   with   tho '
headers have to wait until it is dead ripe,
as it must be drawn and stacked at once. ;
So many had not  commenced  when the !
rains camo on.    Those that   hud  theirs
cut in that manner had drawn Hand put
it  in   piles,  which   they called   stacks,
ready to thresh, and a fow of the earlier
ones   had  threshed,   but vory few, and
they   were down when  the   season was
earlier.   Those that cut their grain with
self-binders bud theirs all cut,  mid most
April 19th, IS!)/,.
Whereas tho   Council   of   Public   Instruction is empowered, under the'Tub-
I lie School Act," to   create   School   Dls-
j trtcts in addition to those already  oxlst-
! ing. and to define the boundaries thereof,
and from time to timo to alter the boundaries of existing Districts:  it Is  hereby
notified   that the Council has been ploased to create tho following tract of land
to bo a School District,  under tho   title
of "Huntingdon School District:"
Commencing at the south-east corner
of Section 1, Township 10, Westminster
District: thence due west three miles to
the south-west corner of Section ���'): thence
true north to tho north-west corner of
Section 10: thence in a right lino oast
to the township line; thence directly
south to thu point of commencement.
Also that the Council has  been   pleas
Shorthorn Bulls for Sale.
FOR SALE, two thoroughbred Shorthorn
Yearling Bulls. Registered pedigree. For
particulars apply to
H. D. HENHON, Ladners, B. O.
The thoroughbred Clydesdale Stallion.
"Puinoe CiiAiti.iK." registered No. 514, will
make the season of 1SD4 ut Ladners, Surrey,
und Langley, commencing on Monday, Oth
April, 1804,
TERMS���To Insure. $15, puyitblo on 1st of
March, or when  rnuro Is known to be in foal.
11.1). I1ENSON, Proprietor
of them had it nicely stacked.    Among | 6a to create the following tract of'iand |
them wns my son who has a binding mil
chine of ids own.    When It commei I
to rain it kepi right on almost Incessantly till winter. The result was that
hundreds of acres of wheal stood uncut
Hundreds more that were cut with the
headers roiled in theboaps. Thousands
of bushels were threshed In the wet mid
slicked up: Ihe sucks lay iu Ihe fields,
and the grain, sucks and all rotted.
Some of Fred's (my son) was damaged,
although well stacked in the long straw,
for no stuck unless thatched could stand
a steady downpour for weeks. However, ho had a nice lot of hogs, and ho
fed the damaged stuff to them, so did not
lose it. Many who had three or four
thousand bushels of damaged wheat did
not have live hogs, and some none, so
lost all.
To make matters worse  thero was no
market lor what wheat thero was that
to bo a School  District,   under  the  title i
of "Langley Prairie School District:"
Commencing at the south-west corner i
of Section :i. Township s,  Westminster
I list rict; thence due east lo the township
line; thence north one mile to the north-;
east corner of Lot 3o7: thence true west, \
one and a half  miles;   thence  north   to
tho centre of  Section 11; thenco west to
Hie middle point of the  western   boundary line of Sootlon  IS; thence  In   a  direct line south to the point of commencement.
Also, that the Council has been pleased to alter and re-define the boundaries
of "Belmont School District," as follows:���
Commencing at tho north-east corner
of Section 3ii, Township 7, Westminster
District; thenco south two miles to tho
south-east corner of Section 25;  thenco
was marketable.   It was as low as 801 directly west to the south-westLcorner of
Tiik Opposition party in Victoria havo
nominated the following gentlemen to
contest that city: lion. 11. Beavon, Dr.
Milno, W. G. Cameron, and A. Button.
The whole batch will probably bo elected
���to stay at home. It is tho general
opinion of thoso woll acquainted witb
political feeling in tho capital that the
Govornmont party will carry every seat.
conts, and for a time it was only 28, and
then for a time it could not bn sold at all;
there was no money to buy it. The only
article that brought money was hogs,
and they were a good price, and Fred
sold his, which mado tilings easy with
him. When hard times began to show
up in earnest, almost everyone was iu
debt on his own account, or as security
for someone else, and creditors became
clamorous. No money could be had
from the banks���guess tbey did not have
any���so the sheriff was kept busy all the
fall. Some of the best men. or supposed
to bo the best, have gone down, and any
amount of the rank and file. And then
the  taxes woro   to   be   met���and such
taxes.    There is no country In the world j ^ntre of "the eastern boundary  line of
where _ constitutional   government   pro-1 section 83; thonce truo oast two miles to
of tho eastern boundary of
Section 27; thonce true north to tho
north-west corner of Section 34; thenco
in a direct line oast to the point of commencement.
Also, that tho Council has boon pleased to alter and re-define tho boundaries
of "Clayton School District," as follows;���
Commencing at tho north-west corner
of Section 30, Township 8, Westminster
District; thence duo south to tbo Yale
Waggon Road; thence south-easterly
along said road to the south-east corner
of Section 16; thenco north to tho middle point of the western boundary lino
of Section 15; thence directly oust one
mile; thenco duo north ono mile to the
Notice to Contractors.
Sealed Tenders, properly endorsed,
will be received by the Honourable the
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works
up to noon on Monday, 30th Inst, for the
erection of a Court House, at Chilliwack.
Plans and specifications can be seen
and forms for tender obtained at the
ollice of S. Mellaril, Chllllwack, at tho
Government Office, New Westminster,
und at the ollice  of the undersigned.
Tho lowest or any tender not iieeces-
sarily accepted.
W. S. (lore,
Deputy Cummissoncr of
Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, 10th April, 1894.
ALL placer claims and leaseholds In
Vancouver Island and adjacent
Islands legally held may bo laid over
from the 15th day of November, 18113,
until tho 1st day of June, 1894.
Gold Commissioner.
Victoria, B. C. Gth December, 1893.
The supporters of tho Govornmont in
Vancouvor havo soloctod candidates as
follows: J. W. Horno, tbo sitting member, K. G. Tatlow and Mayor Anderson.
Mr. Tatlow was an Opposition candidate
four years ago, and was defeated. He
may fare bettor on this occasion, for
although Vancouver is usually reckoned
an Opposition constituency, it is a fact,
none the less, that tho city has always
beon very shv of tbat party In municipal
mattors. Mayor Anderson was oiectod
to his office in tbo teeth of tho News-
Advertiser and its friends.
When this writer goes a-fishing, he goes
criticism, though I a-flghlng, and tho purpose he Btarts out
���'  posed to caich at technicalities.   In I with Is to oatch fish, not to throw a fly
Manitoba ho would rank   about  third-1 by tho hour for tho ontsrtalnmont of tho
.iii. .mil in Ontario and   furihi r OBSl lie
iviniid probably be considered average.
Ills fallings are that he Is a man of
uistiTc temperament,, hard to approach,
.licking In humor, dictatorial iu manner,
Offensive to those who differ from him in
opinion, und In a general way the very
���intipodo of a successful public man. lie
was as completely out of placo in the
Legislature of British Columbia us the
Hon. Ed. Blake wus out of place In tho
Legislature of Canada.    His colleagues,
according to the evidence, detested him,
and while he certainly had strong claims
upon the leadership of tlie. Independent
party, the members of that party bad no
hesitation in passing the honor over to a
man at once weaker and stronger. Mr.
Hrown did not givo tho Independents
Itrongth, but decidedly the contrary.
He broke thom, and at all times his
qualities wore of u kind to make trouble
in his party.   Thu Mainland Opposition
cunning trout lying on the bottom,   All
anglers, no doubt, have a preference for
Ihe artificial liy, us the use id II. requires
more skill, while It Is also much more
convenient, but really these advantages
are of very little account if tlie trout
object to the Invitation to be caught with
It. Some anglers, and there is one bore,
can somehow feel just as proud about an
overflowing basket taken with salmon
roo or angle worms with a bush rod and
live cent line for appliances, us though
taken with the most exquisite of made
Hies, and the daintest of gears.
This brings us to tho real purport of
this essay, namely, the methods of dear
old Isaac Walton, when ho went a-lishing
going on three hundred years ago. A
good many people are in the habit, when
discussing angling, of taking Isaac Walton's name in vain, and of professing a
knowledge of the kindly old man's lisliing practice, when  in   fact   thev  know
Tiik Opposition convention for tho
electoral district of Dowdney is called
for May 5th, when a candidate will bo
chosen. Mr. Sword has boen mentioned
as a likely nominee. The sumo gentleman is talked of for the Hiding of Delta,
it is generally understood that Mr. Foster, who has no prospect of being asked
to again represent an Island constituency,
would be pleased to boar the Opposition
standard in Delta, lu his Immediate
neighborhood Mr. Foster is very well
liked, and he is probably the strongest
resident candidate that can be brought
out on the Opposition side.
E. O, Delong, who worked at black-
smithing in Nakusp during the past summer, but who, during the last few
months, has been engaged by I). McGIl-
llvray at the 59-Mlle House on the old
Cariboo road, will form it party and with
supplies sufficient to last two years, follow the Cariboo roud as far as Hie Forks,
then cross over a  new   strip  of  country
I about 400 miles In extent to the waters
id the Pence river. The total distance
from the Forks on the Cariboo roud lo
, the locality on the Artlee slope they purpose heading for will he upwards of Mill
miles, ami by gelling au early Start tboj
count upon making the difficult journey
in about eight weeks. They do not propose to spend the winter lu Idleness, for
when loo cold for mining thoy will trap
fiir-bearliig animals. The object of the
expedition Is to discover  new   fields  for
placer und quarts! mining, particularly
the latter. The men are confident gold
exists In large quantities on tho Arctic
slope, but the extent and richness of the
new fields will not be known until their
A singular point for discussion by tlie
Ontario courts has been raised by the
heirs of John _. Luckey, whoso murder
the law avenged by the recent execution
of his sou. These heirs applied for the
payment out of 81,100, which was willed
by the father to the wife, Martha. They
claim that she pre-doceascd her husband,
, and that tliey are entitled to tho money.
| Chief Justice Armour, however, refused
tho application, and ordered notice of u
later application to bo served on the
heirs of Martha Luckey. The question to bn determined is as to which died
vails where people are taxed as thoy aro
here ���that is. in proportion to their
means of paying. Everything is assessed ��� land, house, barns, fences,
horses, cattle and hogs; everything to
the gun you must keep for protection
from varmints, and the watch you carry
In your pocket, tin all this the rate of
taxation is 27 mills on the dollar on the
people hero, who arc just, struggling to
mako a beginning. Perhaps this Is a
reason why the people live In hovels and
have   no   outhouses.     They   would la
the centre       ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
Section 21; thence due north  one  and
half miles to   tho   north-east   corner of
Section 25; thence true  west   six   miles
to the point of commencement,
Also, that tho Council has been ploased to alter and re-define the boundaries
of "Prairie School District," as folows:���
Commencing at the middle point of the
eastern boundary line of Section 21,
Township ll, Westminster District;
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ thence truo west live miles to tho middle
taxed to death. If a man here had the | point of tho eastern boundary Hue of
same buildings and improvements 1 had I Section 22, Township 8; thenco duo
on my farm buck there the taxes would south one mile; thenco oast to tho con-
bo $4oo or ��500. Tho mode of taxing j tre of Section 14; thence south ono and
hero is a bounty on  thriftlossne
_____________       No
evidence of prosperity must bo soon, as
tliey would only be an Incentive to further taxation. And, what is worse, tho
people can see no benefit from the tax
thoy pay. Tho roads aro in a horrible
state, and are likely to be so for many
years. To raise money enough to make
good roads through this rough country
would take all tho pooplo own. They
are not able to buy boots and shoos and
clothing for their families now���this is
such clothing as farmers wear in Ontario. The State, cannot assist thom, as
it is as poor as the rest, and must bo kept
up by direct taxation.
Tiio United States government takes
all the State lands, except school hurls,
and the. money all goes to Washington,
and a portion of the direct taxes as well.
Then in surveying the country the Government left no road allowances. All
rights of way are a constant source of
trouble and litigation, and sometimes
lead to something moro serious. There
came near being a murder about a road
a fow miles from bore last year, lt is a
strange thing that a people who are supposed to know more than all the rest of
creation should be so far behind in that
respect. Thoy sell the lands or give
them out In homesteads, and then sock
it Into them as best they can. I don't
believe thero was ever any road allowances given iu the surveys of the Unitod
Stales, as when speaking about with
men from the .Middle States and telling
thom that road allowances were given ill
all the surveys iu Canada they were
surprised. When I lirst came to this
country Idaho was a territory, and
people were doing very well, but since il
was made a State laves have doubled
aud trebled, and 1 don't see any likelihood of limes being any belter in that
respect.   Tho pension bill of tbo United
States Is HOW about83 por   head   of   tin'
entire population, and the  further wo
leave Ihe war behind the larger ll seems1
to grow.    It is amusing to read  in   some
of the Canadian papers what Cartwrlght
and that fellow Dm,ly, al   BlmcOO,   have
j to say   about  Hie   pour  overtaxed  Canadian   farmers,  and   how   much   hotter
things are on this   side  of   the line than
thoy are thero.   Now,  I  would like  to
i know where they get. their Information.
As soon as I can get some  decent   paper
i| will write a little article to ihe Spec-
j tutor, and ask   them   a   few  questions, j
Perhaps they can   learn   me  something. '
I havo been from Gaspo  In  tbo cast of I
Canada to Vancouver In
from Portland in Maine ^___^^^^^^
Oregon, and what I know of the farmers !
and their circumstances   has  been from I
personal   observation,   and   I  followed |
a hair miles; thence true east to the
township line; thenco south ono mile;
thence oust ono-half of a mile; thenco
north to tho centre of Section 0. Township 11; thonce directly oast to tho mid-
dlo point of the western boundary of
Section 3; thenco duo north to tho point
of commencement.
Also, that the Council has been pleased to alter and re-define tho boundaries
of "Abbotsford School District," as follows.
Commencing at the north-west corner
of Section 32, Township 10, Westminster
District; thonce true south to the International Boundary Line; thence east
two miles to tho south-east corner of
Section 4; thenco north to tho north-east
corner of Section 0; thence in a direct
lino east to the township line; thonce
due north to tho north-oust corner of
Section 30: thonce truo west to tho point
of commencement.
. -,'.
Lease of Timber Limits,
Takush   Harbour,
Smith's Sound.
SEALED TENDERS will be  received
by the Honourable the ClilefCoininis-
Blonor of   Lands   and   Works   up   to   I
o'clock p. in. on Monday, Slat May next,
i from any person, persons, Ol'corporation
duly authorized In that behalf, for permission   to  lease   tho  undermentioned
lauds for Ilie purpose oi cutting spars,
limber, or lumber, subject to the provisoes of Ilie "Land Act'' and iiinendmeiits
hereto,   viz.:
Lots 30, 31, ::'.'. 83, 60, 51, and 52,
Range :.', Coast District, containing In
the aggregate 18,803 acres.
The competitor offering the highest
i cash bonus will,   subject to   the   fulfillment   of  Ihe   provisions  of  the  "Land
I Act" and amendments, as aforesaid,  bo
entitled to a lease of the   premises   for a
term of twenty-one years.
Fach tender must he accompanied   by
a certified bank cheque to cover the cost
of survey, $1,843.70. tbe first year's rental, 81,880.10, and  the  amount of  tho
r.,n,i.��in.������.,i ,.        | bonus tendered; and If the person  tond-
w I. ,   gr     TDy y",U'S-   ' fanCy ! "ring is not  tho   owner   of   a   properly
I know when   farmers   are  prosperous | ollll,bppod s,lw.mi��� ,��� 8oma part' J thc
Mcdonald bros.
Best Hungarian Flour, ��1.10 per sack.
Best Oregon Flour, ��1.10 por sack.
Best Ceylon Tea, 35 cents per lb.
Granulated Sugar, 20 lbs., 81.
Yellow Sugar, 21 lbs.. ��1.
Currants, 15 lbs., 81.    Baisins, 15 lbs. 81
Japan ltico, 18 lbs. 81.    Beans, 4c. por lb
Tomatoes, 10 tins, 81.
Corn, Peas, and Boans, 11 tins, 81.
American Coal Oil, ��1.00.
Corn Starch, 10 cents por lb.
Bird Seed, 10 cents per lb.
Milk, 15 cents por tin.
Sago, (I cts. por lb.   Tapioca, 0 cts. per lb
Pickles, 20 cents per bottlo.
Worcestershire Sauce, 20 cts. per bottle.
Blue Point Oysters, 20 conts per tin.
Column's Mustard. 25 cents por tin.
Pearllne, 6 lbs., fl. ��� <
Fresh Ground Coffee, 25 cents per lb.
Primes, 12 lbs., $1.
Ev. Apricots, 6 lbs., 81.
Balance of Crockery and Glassware at
a sacrifice.
All other goods at equally low prices.
tsr Cash must accompany all orders.
720 Columbia street,
New Westminster, B. C.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Ere, Etc.
Factory In ronr of Cliy Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.C.
After Feb, 1st,
the  west,  and
to  Portland in
and when they aro not.���Z. B. Ciioate.
Petitions bave been filed against the
return of Messrs. Fraser and Black in
Cumberland und Wlckwlre counties, N.
S., and Mr. Dodge in Kings, members
oloctof tho local Legislature, on grounds
of bribery and corruption. All four arc
Liberals. It Is understood that a petition will also bo filed against Messrs.
���lamieson ami Campbell, Conservatives in
linppe ^^^^^^^ ^^^^
Province appurtenant to tbo limits tend
ered for, he must enclose another certified cheque for SI.3SU.2U, as a guarantee
for the erection ol a suitable mill within
two years. Tho cheques will bo at onco
returned to unsuccessful competitors.
Deputy Commissioner of Lands & Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, 35th April, 1804.
.'Ill be found in the Store next lo Train
Wily ollice, lately   occupied   by
Davidson   Bros.
Best   and   Largest
Stock in Town.
Any   Style of Jewelry
made to order.
S3' We make a specialty of repairing
Chronographs, Repeaters, and all fine,
and complicated watches.
Orders by mall solicitod.
New Westminster Z2>��1'
Entliasiaslie Meetinti���The Opposition lies
A reception was given Premier Davio
on Monday last at Nanaimo. The afternoon was spent in going around the town
with a committee of the citizens and in
tbe evening a public meeting was held in
tbe City Hall. The citizens turned out
en masse and overy available part of tho
hall was taken up, many being unable to
get near the door.
Mr. A. Sharp was appointed chairman
has leased the road and would not have
done so if thoy believed tho road was
poorly constructed, as it would cost
ioo much for repairs and running expenses.
Mr. William Beech, formerly of Mor-
don, now a resident of Winnipeg, Is doing
a large business in Vancouver and Victoria, B.C., in importing to tliosu places
mutton, poultry, beof, and pork in tho
carcases.    He handled in  loss than twu
months, up to the middle of March,
and after a few remarks Introduced I "��'00'"'P��undsof mutton. lSMOOuounds
Premier Davie, who upon coming for- ��J:P��u'try> 100,000 pounds of beef, and
ward, said ho was much ploased with tho ! 175-000 ��* P<>��*. Mr. Beech is under
reception extended to him, following so , contract to deliver to parties in British
closely upon tho heels of his  opponents,   Col,u��!, j1? 50�� he^ ,,r b(*f l!,'tl(''" Af'nl
r        ' ... ' *    . I' .....I   .IOO    ......     i i,   Al.n,  MnMan    ll.i.'.i   .1
he believed thero would be a
things that might have seomod wrong
and which would require some explanation, lie was pleased that thecommittee
had extended an invitation to his opponents to be present, and invited any
of the members of theOpposition present
to take seats on the platform. At this
moment Messrs. T. It. E. Mclnnos. C. D.
MeKenzie, Ralph Smith and  others  put
number of', antl 50�� linlul '" J,lly'
-Morden Herald.
A detachment of 20 men of tho Royal
Engineers at Halifax has been ordered
to British Columbia.
It is understood that tho Patrons of
Industry intend running a candidate In
Beautiful Plains Manitoba, at tho coming by-election.
A new national society has been organized in Montreal under the name of the
isiauve Electorate and Election Act, 1!
In an appearance.   They at onco took a i r,oyai Ir|8h Association.    The member
place on the platform, and Mr. Davie
then took up the living issues of the day,
whicli are now agitating the minds of the
electors, lie said that the opponents Of
the Government had suid, untruthfully,
thut tho Government punished those
districts not returning supporters of the
administration; lie denied this, and
cited the case of Now Westminster city
and district in proof of the contention.
lie denied the statement that this district had been neglected; Ihe Government had done justice in Nanaimo district. It Is truo thut streets lu Wellington hud not been laid out und paved, etc.,
on the townsito, but it was not the business of the Government to build streets,
sewers and townsitos. There is u municipal act in force in this Province, and
tho cities bave taken advantage of it.
It had beon represented to him since his
arrival in tbe town, that the residents
of the townsito had applied for incorporation, but through legal technicalities
they were unablo to do so. It was tho
duty of the local representatives to look
after such mattors, and when such disabilities arose, to appeal to the Legislature for remedy. The representatives of
Nanaimo district had not done tills, and
so far as he was aware, no reference was
ever made in tbe House by thoso gentlemen as to tbe requirements of tho town
or district of Wellington. The members
had entirely lost sight of the real wants
of their constituents, and devoted thoir
ontiro attention to thoso larger issues
which were intended to overthrow the
Government. Mr. MeKenzie, he understood, had claimed, at the recent Opposition meeting, credit for having
secured the now school house, although,
if his memory served him, it was built in
Mr. llaslam's term as member for the
district. However, granting that Mr.
MeKenzie was right, it was evident that
the Government was not disposed to
ignore the district because it returned
Opposition members to tlie Legislature.
The Premier then took up the various
scandal and other issues, which had
arisen during, and since, the past session
of the Legislature. First, the Baker
scandal; the Pooley scandal, and what
might be termed the Davie scandal. The
latter consisted in what was called the
travelling oxponses of tbo Attorney-
General and referred to articles published
by the Opposition newspapers. At the
time it was lirst brought up In the House
he showed to the satisfaction of everyone that for every dollar expended the |
Province got full value in return. He
t)(?)n referred to the many Important
criminal cases, and so on, which lie had
personally taken charge of, and pointed
out that had tbe cases been given by the
Department to a reputable lawyer, they
would have cost tho country a much
larger sum than the amount paid him,
not to speak of tbe trustee on Government business. Tho last and greatest
scandal was that of the Nakusp and
Slocan railway. Ho referred to the baso
insinuations thrown out by tho Opposition, and the pressing invitation on the
part of the Government for a public inquiry at the timo. This tho Opposition
refused to accept; the preferred to havo
the insinuation go abroad that the Govornment was guilty of corruption. Dow-
over, in this the opponents of the Government had mistaken the spirit of the
Government. When the latter question j
was up in the House, Mr. Heaven claimed j
that such a condition of enquiry as that I
asked for by the Government would be
a mere whitewashing machine, and it
was contended that the scope of the
proposed enquiry was not large enough.
However, in spite of the Opposition, the i
Government did not propose to allow!
these stories of corruption to go unchallenged. A Royal Commission was
appointed wliich would -ii shortly and
Investigate the whole matter of the
charges laid against tho ministers in re- j
gard to the Nakusp and Slocan railway.
The gentlemen forming the Commission
wero Sir Matthew Bogblo, Chief Justice
of the Province, and the lion. Georgi
Burbage, Judge of the Court of Exchequer of Canada. Those gentlemen
would certainly not be accused of other
than honest motives. lly their report
he would be prepared to stand or full.
lie believed that when the report of Hie
Commissioners was issued,   ii   win also
decide Ilie voles of a large majority of
the electors In the next contest.
The speaker then referred to Ihe  system of aiding railway construction in the
Province, and showed thut lu every case
the  Government   had  mado   the best
possible arraiigi'inent in the interest of
the country. He suid that some nils-
lakes hud been 1101(1
properly, in Hie years gone by, but
until the end of un election the Opposition hud found no   fault.     The  (lovern-
mont differed from tlie opposition iu this
respect, Inasmuch as the members of tho
Governmont were willing to admit their
mistakes, The whole Legislature had
fallen Into an error In regard to the
mattor of railroad building. The Govornment bud in every way made a much
bettor bargain for the people than I ho
acts of  the   legislature   stipulated   fer.
ship is to consist of all Protestant Irishmen and their descendants, being Protestants who shall declare continuous
loyally to protect the throne uf England.
Charles Sullivan, of Windsor, bus Invented a patent whiskey bottle that once
opi ned cannot be refilled. Sullivan is
competing for a big prize recently
offered by Hiram Walker & Sons for a
device of this kind wliich will prevent
their bottles from being refilled with Inferior liquor.
A number of Winnipeg citizens with
| shovels and spades dug a trench across
Main street lu the north ond to let away
the water which hud been flooding the
collars in tbat vicinity. When daylight
arrived the corporation laborers finished
tho work. Tho prairies In tho western
part of tho city aro covered with water
but tbo flood Is subsiding.
Burton B. Wake alias C. H. Bennett,
a young Englishman, who recently waylaid and robbed it young lady in Detroit
and another in Windsor, and who is
wanted at several other places In tho
U. S. and Canada for similar offences,
was to-day sentenced by Polico Magistrate Bartlett of Windsor to 23 months
iu the central prison. Wake's father Is
a baronet residing in London, England.
Drink caused his disgrace.
The French budget shows a deficit of
83,000.000 francs. That of England next
year will bo ��'4,000,000. That of tho
United States the present year will be
about $70,000,000. Canada is about tho
only country of any importance on deck
just now that is paying her way and reducing her rate of luxation.���Montreal
Horseshoe nails have boon ono of a
few staple articles iu tlie hardware trade
wliich have not heretofore been controlled by an association; but it is so no
longer, manufacturers having met at
Toronto a few days ago and formed
themselves into an organisation. Tho
first fruit of the formation of tho association is an advance of about 20 por
cent, in tbe price.
Mr. McKay, of Steveston, purchased
the Richmond hotel of that town for
82,600 at the auction ��alo hold at tho
Market hall on Monday by A. M.
OTor the
Mr. Davio then said tlie N. & S. railway   heel.
Horder   tli��   Marrlrtco   Vow Is
Very Crisp,   Indeed.
A Kansas wife recently secured a divorco from her husband because, as
Solemnly set forth in her petition, "the
defendant pinched the nose of this plain-
till:', causing it to become very red, thereby causing the plaintiff great pain aud
anguish of mind."
An Ohio man has secured  a  divorce
because,  as   bo doclared  under  oath.
j "the    defendant   pulled   this   plaintiff
out of bed by his whiskers."
A henpecked husband secured a divorce in a Pennsylvania court because,
In tho language of his affidavit, "the
defendant struck this plaintiff a violent
blow with her bustle."
A Missouri divorce was once granted
1 because "tho  defendant   goes gadding
' about, leaving this plaintiff supiierless,
or if he gets any ho has to cook it him
Out in Illinois a wife secured a decree
because her husband threw the baby at
her when she hit him with a coal hue
>.et for Bpitting on the stove.
A oounecticuf mau got a divorce on
the ground that "tho defendant would
uot get up in the mdrning, nor call this
plaintiff, nor do anything she was
A decree was granted in a Massachu-
bi lis court because "the defendant keeps
this plaintiff awake most of the night
A Wisconsin man got. a divorce because his wife kept a servant girl "who
spit mi the frying pan to see if it was hot
A Jersey wife secured a decision because "the defendant, the husband,
sleeps with a razor under bis pillow to
frighten this plaintiff."
A Virginia woman wns set free because "the defendant does nol come
home lill 10 p.m. and then keeps this
plaint ill' awako talking."
A Tonneue court liberated a wife because "the defendant does not wash
himself, thereby causing tin- plaiutiff
great mental anguish."
In Illinois a decree was  obtained 1��
, cm o  ii   long suffering   husband com
in  tbo railway   plained that   'during the nasi year the
defendant struck this plaintiff repeated
ly with pokers, Hat irons and other hard
In Minn ta a decree was given to u
��� iii- because "the defendant  never cats
his toe nails, and,  being restless   in his
Bleep, scratches this plaintiff severely."
A youthful Kentucky husband secured a divorce on the ground thai ".he defendant came into the bedroom the
morning after the marriage and beat
this plaintiff on the head with her shoo
was tho cheapest built lino lu tho Province, and he proved this conclusively
by comparison of tho prices this rdad
cost with that of the other roads In the
Province. This too, has been proved hy
the sworn Statement of those expert In
railroad building. Besides, before the
company could get the Dominion Gov-!
ornmont's subsidy, It would have to come
np to the standard of excellence demanded by tho Dominion  Governmont  In Ihe
case of every   road   receiving   the   Do-!
minion subsidy.    Moroovor the C   P. R. !
A New York man pleaded in his petition for divorce that "the defendant
would not, sew on this plaintiff's buttons,
neither would she allow bun to go to
fires at night." Tho court decided that
tho plaintiff was entitled to a decree on
tho ground, that this oppression was
cruel and inhuman.���St LouiB Be-,
jJttblip.* -**������
Names to lie transfer ret/ lo Victoria.
Briggs, Alfred Pcnner, gentleman
Butler,   Nicholas    tstr.   Joan),   master
liovill, E. AL, government agent
Churton, Arthur, farmer
Crawford, James, com. agent
Carlow, Wllmot Wesley, upholsterer
Dickinson, Edward, governmont agont
De Courcy, Thomas A., waiter
Forfar, Thomas J., carpenter
Gruy, James IS. carpenter
Gauvreau, N. Belleau, civil engineer
Howso, Charles Robert, moulder
Hoard, C. E., tailor
Law. William, moulder
Manson, Phiiieas. cooper
Manson, Phiiieas, jr., blacksmith
Maclure, Samuel, architect
.Macrae, Lawrence, journalist
.Monro, Ernest Alfred, clerk
Mclnnos, Thomas Hubert, physician
McCrady, Frank Welcome, draughtsman
.Mel'hee, Alexander, sr., ship carpenter
Mcl'hee. Donald, ship carpenter
Piirkes. George Edward (Hank of B.C.),
Phillips, Leonard, clerk
Shaw, William Henry (Driard), waiter
Worth, James, ship-builder
Wilson, David, teacher
Wllmot, Edward Ashley, civil engineer
Names lo lie transferred to Vancouver:
Armstrong, Richard Wallace, barrister
Brenchley, William Edward, farmer
Boggs, William IS, tailor
Boll, Alexander, bank teller
Burk, Henry, labourer
Bowman, John, reporter
BIckell, C. P., mill hand
Connor, Samuel Richard, stage-driver
Collins, Charles, cook
Charlton, Charles, dyer.
Cummings, James, fisherman
Do Beck, George Ward, lumborman
Evans, Flitcroft, stenographer
Fraser, James D., tinsmith
Frasor, William, dairyman
Field, James llonry, telegraph operator
Gray, John Henry, machinist
Garden, John Shelton, painter
Hill, Egerton B. L., druggist
Hillier. Charles, carpenter
Johnston, William A., carpenter
Kane, Edward J,, cigar maker
Mathers, Henry, farmer
.Morrison, James, general agent
Mortlson, J., butcher
.Miles. William, gardener
.Mercier, George, cabinet-maker
Macdonald, Daniel _,, R. R. conductor
McMahon, Philip, hotel keeper
McCaiiimaii,   Charles. Leggc    (Leland
House), civil engineer
McMorran, R. A., drayman
McAllister, John, blacksmith
McWhinnie, Thomas, carpenter
McConvcy, John, suveyor's assistant
McLennan, John (hotel keeper), clerk
McNair, Ebcnezer, carpenter
McKim. J. B., lumberman
McKim, Thomas N., blacksmith
McLennan, Angus, contractor
Mcintosh, Finlay, dairyman
Norris, Henry P., fisherman
O'Neil, Michael _., butcher
Patterson, Donald, tnato
Payne, Alfred, tinsmith
Rami. Edward E., real estate agent
Roy, Peter D., factory hand
Kaith, Frederick Thomas, engineer
Robertson, Hugh, moulder
Scoullar, Andrew W., painter
Stitt, J. R., clerk
Shlnabarger, Jno. Jay, printer
Stride, Ebon, bricklayer
Swiuison, Alfred, hotel keeper
Todd, William Henry, tinsmith
Tearney, James, saloon kooper
Orquhart, John K., labourer
Wilson, William Boll, gentleman
Ward, John, train hand
Woods, John George, gontleman
Wizc, Arthur, teamster
Williams, Russia, shingle cutter
Names to he transferred to Nanaimo:
Anderson, David (Northlield),blacksmith
Campbell, Albert E., bank clork
Clarke, Edward Charles, civil engineer
Gulndon, Frank (Nth. Nanaimo),lumberman
Irwin, Thomas, painter
Jamleson, Magnus, labourer
.Matheson. Donald J., tailor
McKoon, Nathaniel dough, merchant
McDougall, Archie, nilllhaiid
Oliver. John R., dyer
Piiilord. Frederick William, merchant
Raymond, George Rochfort, stage driver
Droll, John, photographer
.Vionis In be transferred to Kootenay:
Allen. Thoburn, book-keeper
Chlsholm, John I.., book-keeper
Clemens, (igden, lumberman
Cameron. John, teamster
Handier. Claud S. F., estate agent
Lilly. William Henry, saloon keeper
Miirehie, Archibald, photographer
Mclnnos, Angus, merchant
McLean. James A., tinsmith
McAlpine, Thomas, labourer.
Iloss. Waller R. (from District)
Stlcklioy, Shepherd E.. lemnsler
Names to bt transferred lo Yah-.
Bryson, Hales, blacksmith
Boattlo, J. O, It. R. cashier
Bradshaw, E, W., contractor
Couithai'd, J. II.. gentleman
cruncher, Charles, clergyman
Cochrane. William .Maurice, gentleman
Cottlngham, M. p.. bartender
Fuller. Albert G.. clerk
Goater. Henry James, wharf clerk
Giiertiii. Frederick, it.c. clergyman
lliitherley, Thomas II., engineer
Jackson, Oliver, tinsmith
Lelshuiaii, Andrew, laborer
Murray, Hugh, teamster
Matheson, John IS, merchant tailor
Miller. John James, hotel keeper
Peterson. John IL, blacksmith
Perry, Jacob C. R.R. clerk
j Peters, Henry IS, machinist
Park, John U., carpenter
i Simpson, Jus., gardener
Tliibaudoaii, Wilfred, civil engineer
Walsh, James Mary Joseph, clergyman
Name to lie transferred to Cariboo:
Jamleson,     William   Samuel   (150-mllo
house), clork
Names to lie transferred to Lillooet :
Beaton, Angus, blacksmith
Keary, llonry James, clork
Names to lie transferred to Delta Riding.
| A bra, Samuel Barnabas, farmer
Archibald, Alexander, carpenter
Browne. T. R., shoemaker
Blrrell, Peter, canner
Beadle, William, bricklayer
Boyce, Frank M., painter
Clow, Charles Henry, architect
Crandell, James Gordon, carpenter
Culbert, James, labourer
| Crandell, A. Elmer, carpenter
Carrie. Thomas, salesman
Crandell, Oscar, mill hand
Cobb, George Henry, carpenter
Cederberg, Joseph, fisherman
Currle, Robert M., book keeper
Colo, Joe, labourer
Clow, Alexander, carpenter
Collins, Patrick, teamster
Dwyer, James, labourer
Dyker, William, gardener
Hemic John R. C, labourer
Ellis, John, shoemaker
Ellis, George, stoker
Eyles, Ben, labourer
Finlay, Robert, carpenter
Gordon, Alexander, penitentiary guard
th��rriiiii. George, carpenter
Gordon, Jno, Stewart, penitentiary guard
Green. James Matthew, mcss'rbank B.C.
Gray. James, carpenter
Herring, Henry llolbrook, trader
Hardy, John E., labourer
Hembrough, Thomas, potter
Hull, Duncan Hell, iron founder
Johnstone, John, stableman
Johnson, Gust, mariner
Kerr. Thomas Weir, carpenter
Lansing, Garrit, hotel
La Here, Henri W. L., law student
Murphy, James E., logger
Miller, .lames, millwright
McClinioii, Robert, teamster
McLennan, Alexander 1)., miner
McWhinnie. Arthur, carriage painter
McLennan, M unlock D., mariner
Mclsaac, John, lumberman
Mclsaac, Nell, carpenter
McDonald, Lauchlin, labourer
McCauIay Geo., farmer
Payne, Cornelius John, contractor
Prico, David, builder
Perkins, James ll., painter
Rico, Joshua IS, farmer
Welch, Thomas, blacksmith
Wilson, John O, millwright
Williams, Warwick G., farmer
Windsor, Caleb, packor of canned goods
Watson, William J., farmer
Williams, Stephen, engineer
Names to be transferred lo Richmond Riding.
Brenchley, Elwin, clork
Booth, Frank, labourer
Brenchley, John Mercer, gardener
Burns, William llonry, carpenter
Burgess, John, labourer
Dickinson, Wlllard E., teamster
Dcvine, W. E., lishorinan
Drake, James (Moodyvillo), screw turner
Dyker, Alex., shingle-maker
Freund, Charles, fisherman
French. John, expressman
Grimmer, Lancelot, painter
Giles, George, foundry man
Julian, Robert, mariner
Johnston, John, shoemaker
Julian. Thomas IS, labourer
Knox, John, fisherman
Lander, Eli, labourer
Male. Thomas, bricklayer
Mlllraan, Robert, carpenter
Mead, George, barber
McDermott, William, labourer
Mcintosh, Campbell (Squamish), farmer
Oliver, George, contractor
Parsons, Philip, farmer
Parsons, Harold, labouror
Ridley, John, farmer
Ridley, James, farmer
Roberts, John Griffith, contractor
Steves, W, C, book-keeper
Stride, Jcthro, joiner
Soil, James, butcher
Woollard, John, farmer
Windsor, Charles Samuel, canner
Names to lie. transferred to Dewdney Riding.
Austin, W.
Austin, William R., merchant
Bonson, Lewis Francis,  road superin't
Bonson, Henry William, hotel keeper
Brchuut, Albert, dairyman
Brandon, Philip, musician
Blackwood, J. H., labourer
Clapcott. W. G. C farmer
Charters. David (Nicomen), farmer
Caruiichael, William A., carpenter
Dell, John, logger
Denechaud, E. B., telegraph operator
Des Unsay. Alex., merchant
Foley, Matthew L., cutter in timber
Gaflney, Pat. (Port Moody), labouror
Giill'ney, John (Port Moody), mill hand
Daley, William, miner
Hume, Edward, labourer
Law, Robert, foundryinaii
Lavery, Eugene, farmer
Morrow. T., logger
Morrison. Angus (Wharnock), fisherman
McLennan, Duncan, logger
Scott, John Thomas, contractor
Vigrass, William 11., carpenter
Walsh. John, tailor
Wells, Chester Philip, hotel clerk
Wharton, George, blacksmith
Wright, James M., compositor
Worth, Benjamin, carpenter
Watt, William S., engineer
Names to be ti-ansfrn-i d in Chilliwack Hiding:
Brewster, James, telegraph service
Calqiihouii, Ernest, teamster.
Calbick, Samuel, carpenter
Henderson, John B., carpenter
Ilicks, Harvey, teamster
Ilicks, Albert, farmer
Jackman, Richard, printer
Lafforo, Richard L., civil engineer
Polly, Justinian, studont-at-law
Street, Charles L., carpenter
Stlrsky, Joseph F.. jeweller
Collector of Voters.
A mooting ot the Stockholders of the New
Weslliilnslerliiis I'lillipilliv. Limited. Will lie
In-lit   ut   llu-  worts  of  ihe Coliinuny.  New
Westminster Monday the 31st day of May
1804, at 10,80a. m��� lor Hie purpose of' oonBla-
erlng the annual report or the Trustees, increasing tha Capital fltook of Ilie Company
to $425,000., the election of officers andg r-
ull.v transacting suoh other business us may
legally in- transacted at such meeting.
Dated this 17th day of April, Ism.
Estray Horses.
Strayed into the premises 'if the undersigned In tho month of Decombor
last, one gray gelding and one buy mare.
The owner is hereby required to call and
prove property, pay expenses and take
tho animals away.
Cloverdale, Surrey.
Cloverdale, March 13, 1894.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets,  Doors,
Windows,  Frames,  Mouldings,  House Finish,
Mangels,   School     Seats   and  Desks,
Fruit  and  Salmon  Boxes,
Sec.    Sec,     Sec
Importers   of  Plate,   Sheet,   and  Fancy Glass
Lumber   accurately   Sawn,
Orders   Promptly   Hilled.
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday-
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and qnick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.    Call and see us.
Importers   of   Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,      Crockery,
Lamps and   Glassware.
anil :
Ti:i.[:i'1Ioni: 170. Corner of
P.O. BOS ���"'���. Amies A-   MrKen-ie Sts.
The above steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley, talcing Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at Ilonibrougli's brick yard,
Port Kells and all other intermediate
points. Parties anxious to reach Cloverdale and other points in Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often  lind  this boat
Leaves Westminster every day at II p. m.
except Saturday, when she leaves at
2 p. HI.
Leaves Langloy every day at I) a. in. except  Fridays, when  she   loaves  at 8
a. in. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langley at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
ColnmWa Street, New Westminster.
The Latest and Choicest Patterns In Sootoh
und English Tweeds. Etc.. for full und winter
Get Prices!
Court of Revision.
I VTOTfcrc is lioroby given ilmi tho Court OH
��� l\ Revision of tho Assessment Roll of the
[Municipality of Surrey, for ihe year IBM,
will bo helil iii tho Town Hall.SurroyOontro,
on Saturday, April 98th, 1804,
clerk Municipal Oounoll.
1   Hop Lee Liu Kee.
Hi'.' Cnliiniliiii sir.
l:  0. llo.,- ,V
COOKING, 8      Q
9 HEATING o    >
��jAND V   g
2 ���CALL  AT���
l First-class work in boststyld  Washtngand
ill Ing of all kinds, tho most perfoot und
cheapest Intlioclty.    Hop Leo Eln Koo does
his business himsolf, anddooslt rlgln.
��� v.iV        _��   >>_-
J Showing tlie Dates and Places of Courts
of Assize, Nisi Pruis, and Oyer and
Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery
for tho year 1894.
& HOY'S,
Dltont Block, Columbia St. .
Nanaimo Tuesday 1st May.
Now Westminster   "      8th May.
Vancouver Tuesday 16th May.
Clinton Monday ,38th May.
Victoria Tuesday 30th May.
Kamloops Monday 4th  .Tune.
Vernon Monday 11th Juno.
*l)onald Friday 15th June.
���Nelson Tuesday 10th June.
���Special Assize. NEW  WESTMINSTKR.   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   APRIL, 38 1894.
The Queen's Breakfast���A Queer Custom
of the British Iloyal House���Salaries
anil Work of the Cooks and Their
Queen Victoria's table is distinctly inferior to those of her brother sovereigns
of Austria and Russia. The principal
official is not the cook himself, hut the
functionary who bears the title of the
clerk of the kitchens. He has a salary
of $4,000 a year, and does all the ordering and marketing. The chef is a
Frenchman, and receives a salary of
$5,000 per annum, and was until a short
time ago a man by the name of Pasteur,
who had held his post for nearly a quarter of a century. He is assisted by four
master cooks, who each receive $2,000 a
year, and who enjoy the right of taking apprentices, or iiiariiiitons, who pay
tbem a premium of $1,000 each for the
privilege of assisting in the preparation
of the dishes for tbe royal table. Then
there are the yeoman of the kitchen, the
conk's assistants, the roasting cooks, the
sci mrers, the kitchen maids, a storekeeper, two green-ollice men and two
steam apparatus men.
The confectionary department of the
kitchen has ita Bpeeiol officials; there iH
a lirst yeoman who receives $3,000 a year
tor making crusts for pies and tarts.
The second yeoman, who has $.100 a
year less, superintends puddings, com
poles, ices, meringues, etc.: then theiv
nre apprentices and male and female as
sistants to these two yeomen, besides a
lu ud and deputy baker and three coffee
A queer custom whicli prevails at no
oilier court than that of Ureal Britain is
the announcement at the beginning of
each course of the name of the cook who
has prepared the dishes served, The
announcement is made in an audible
tone by one of the clerks of the kitchen.
The origin of this custom dates buck to
the reign of King George II., who made
a great favorite of one of his uiuruiit-
ons, promoting him to the rank of chief
cook over the heads of all bis seniors.
This, of course, created great jealousy,
mid every effort was made to oust him
from royal favor by rendering him responsible for the failureii that appeared
upon the King's table.
Greatly distressed thereby and fearing to lose his post, he complained to
the King in person, who immediately
gave orders that thenceforth whenever
a dish was placed hefore him the name
of the cook responsible for its success or
failure should be announced in a loud
tone of voice.
The Queen generally 'breakfasts alone
when at Windsor, in a room adorned
with the portraits of her daughters-in-
law, the Princess of Wales and the
Duchess of Coburg, tea of a peculiar
kind known as Earl Grey's mixture
forming Her Majesty's beverage at that
meal. Luncheon is taken in the company of Princess Beatrice or any other
member of her family who may happen
to be staying with her at the time,
game, very high, and a cold sirloin of
beef constituting an invariable feature
among the viands on the table. At dinner the lords and ladies in waiting are
generally present, but only,on personal
invitation by the Queen.
Beautiful Iu Middle Life.
Helen of Troy comes upon the stage
��t the age of 40. Aspasia was 85 when
married to Pericles and she waa a brilliant figure thirty years thereafter.
Cleopatra was past 30 when she met
Antony. Diane de Poitiers Jwas 36
when she won the heart of Henry II.
The king was half her age, but his devotion never changed. Anne of Austria
was a8 when described as tho most
beautiful woman in Europe. Mme. de
Maintenon was 48 when united to Louis,
and Catharine of Russia 33 when she
seized the throne she occupied for thirty-
iir.B years. Mile. Mar was most beautiful at 45, and Mme. Recamier between
the ages of 35 and 55.
The old saw about sweet sixteen'is exploded by the truer knowledge that the
highest beauty does not dwell in immaturity. For, according to Science Sittings,
beauty does not mean alone the fashion
of form and coloring, as found in the
waxen doll. The dew of youth and a
complexion of roscssoinetimes combine
inn face that is ur-moving and nnre
spunsive, as though lacking utterly the
life spark. In the course of years, how-
i vcr, ii time arrives wlicn the coming of
iige must lie recognized, when the muscles begin to relax, the skin to lose its
polish and roundness and softness give
place to angles. Contentment and good
humor will still outrival all medical inventions as a preservative of youth. A
woman beautiful in all ��lse, but wanting mirth, will grow old, eour, thin and
Billow, whilo the merry, fun-loving woman will bo fresh and sweet, despite
life's happenings and sorrows.
Tiviiiiiu on' Gloves.
As there ie a right way and many
wrong ways to put on gloves, thero is
n Isi i a right way to take them off. They
should never hi drawn off by tho finger
lips, unless they are old and very loose.
Taking them ��ff in that w.y.y soon
Stretches the end* of the fingers sv that
they can never afterwards be made to
(rive a pleasing lit. Instead, take the
glove by tlie wrist, and draw it gently
buck over the band till tile second j.'int
uf tho fingers is reached, It can then
bo drawn olf by the finger tips without
(liiiuiige,   When ii is urns taken oil. the
best way lo treat it is hi leave the linger*
iliiitLuuifil, juntos tliey oauie from the
liiiini. �� lieu ll is ne.'.t wauled, i, will lil
the band much more easily, nnd look
better than if it were smoothed and
flattened back Into the form of a new
glove.���Good Housekeeping.
\\ here tu Mark LImaii.
A handkerchief is to be marked only
in one corner, and, when Ironed, that
corner is to be the one exposed. Table
cloths, are to be marked at tlie middle
of the end; if with small letters, they
uro placed near the hem; if larger,
nt a corresponding distance from the
edge. In any case, thero should be not
less than the height of the letters between their lower edge and the hem of
the clutii. Napkins nre marked diagonally across the corner; towels at the
middle of one end, just above the hem;
sheets on the middle fold, two inches
from the end.
A   Dentist   Speaks   of    the    Disease    as
"People are losing their teeth from a
new cause nowadays," said a dental surgeon. "It is a complaint whicli seems
to have become common only within
the last fifteen years or so. 'Recession
of the gums' it is called. Tartar is deposited at an abnormal rate, and this
carbonate of lime secreted from the
saliva pushes tihe gums back from the
teeth. After a while, if nothing is done
to prevent it, the trouble gets as far as
the sockets, which become inflamed.
Finally tlie teeth fall out.
"A well known statesman came to me
fourteen years ago with a bad case of
the disease. Every tooth in his head
was loose, and one of them was so far
gone that I took it between my thumb
and finger and quietly lifted it out.
Within three months I had fixed him up
so that all the rest of his dental equipment was perfectly solid in his jaws.
It was accomplished simply by removing the destructive tartar and preventing it from accumulating again; also
with the aid of a littlo medicine applied
to the gums. The distinguished patient
of whom I speak comes to mo every two
or threo months aud undergoes a little
treatment. In that way I havo been
able to keep his *eeth for him thus far.
"It is a very peculiar diseaso. In a
case so far advanced as the one I have
described, it can hardly be cured. That
is to say, the tendency to an accumulation of tartar cannot be stopped. All
that can bo done is to prevent, it from
accumulating by scraping it away at
intervals and by medicinal application to
the gums. In mi early stage, however,
the complaint is perfectly curable and
the tendency in most casos can be ovor
ci une. But much care and continual
attention are required. Otherwise the
person will havo lost some of his teeth
by tho time he is forty years old, and
after that the rest of them will go rapidly. Tho making of false teeth has arrived at great, perfection, but at best
tliey are poor substitutes.
As I have said, this may bo regarded
as a new disease. At all events it is
only in recent years that it has become
prevalent. It is important that people's
attention should be called to it. From
seven years to twenty care must be
taken of the teeth lest they decay.
There is little danger of that after the
twentieth year is passed. But from
that time on one should look out for
tartar. A mouth affected in the way I
speak of is almost worse than a badly
decayed mouth. Tho trouble means
certain loss of the teeth unless looked
out for and treated. '
Muskrat Skins in the Majority.
The other day there was a great fur
sale in London. In four days, at one
auction house, more than 8,000,000 skins
were sold, and of these more than one-
half���to be exact, 1,526,000���were musk-
rat. Next in number camo opossum
skins, 500,000 from Australia and 120,-
000 from America, while the odorous
skunk and sportive raccoon furnished
240,000 and the sly little mink 150,000
more. By the side of those there were
only 2,647 Russian sables, 1,460 beavers
and a score of polar bears. The list of
furs comprised also bears of several
kinds, martens, wolves, foxes, lambs,
chinchillas, monkeys, kangaroos and
others. Vast as was this sale, it was
only one of several of equal magnitude
held during the season, the millions of
innora aeS'tuiai g�� t|noqt! Suieq 8ui
-jpiis jo ,v)iu 3i*B.t3Ati nq} 'jooj Qffito vmv(i
a.iotu avoii at pun 'clasp fa'aj o��9(j SBM
isv[ i jaqmsoBQ uo qoni_ 'uvinq.iipi ut
'AUBdinoQ gmufpj;leddoQ ipu.nti.nix aqj
jo tjjtuis g -ojj oq; iq qitlap ui pa_ttd_lB
uaeq .won suij }j pust ui a.iij iimjS oq;
jo emrj aq} jb aotijjus iiq} A\o[,->q }ooj
Ci.98 wav qopqA\ 'nujsn.y ui 'mi.'iqizJd
jo sauun ein }u ijtiqa euwjf eq} joj
apem uaaq sitq tnyBfl) p>m ami% atuos jo^
���pjjo.w eqj ut oiitiu [iiiaitt isadaap aq}
'rmunor; iimurpj pun Suueoutthig eq; o}
.Smpjooov _oa req sa^g pa?iu��i aqj,
���stllni |Sl��H n��ilii���(i l.pimu aqx
Coal  In Japan.
Japanese coal is driving the Welsh
product out of East India. Tho Japanese are developing commercial end trading instincts, and may yet give the
British Government a good deal of
worry by their competition.
���aiiiButliojua eq
mabu jriAi jnq 'ejus eq a"��ui lio'yusod eiCjjB
-uodsaj b m osou spun y uiaqi rrtj una
���sasou 8iq Xpio put! 'sason ajjiq oi uoAUf
���joii aaa saotiid qong 'Sjsaiaiui piujstip
-m .to iqijuiicjem o8iu[ Smqoiiuoo jo
a"u:ju uit Suipuuumioo ucin pasoa-epim
u jo pjeaq ja.va A'poqojj ���}; jo .tyuaiil
pmt 'Aiiqiqti aAtinoexo ssq 'asou uuuiojj
Jfiq oq:) .CiJiiinoiiJiid 'asou Siq aqi
jnq 'uorivutiruon pue XouBqfjjq aAttq
A"tnn sasou A"qqn:)8 ejrjq eq_ 'jossas
-sod sji [>uu Jiasjt o% !)tpajo X[%\��\ ppo.w
oqj qimojqi Xit.vv sji eiursni i��m pupj
A[uo aq} si agon Siq aq} joj 'Sut}}t_}
e-mil B pun}B ubo ajdoad pesou Siq aqi
}uq '8bou Stq v jo my aireui eplbad
���u��n i>asoK _|M oqx
'jeuiju,j[ oiqo��� jaAooaj ^roj
aaAira   nits.   11 pint 'jjjiiiai  aq} ui Suiq}
ifuuo.f b Jfui}ui}sA*q paoipj.uius senmemor
st qt|A\oj8   8(jhoa�� y    'sauo J9p[0 aq} .iad
-until oj jopjo ui 5[ao}a JiuuoA" }ui)s },uoq
ui ifuiuioo   jo sjjaa.w jnoj jo aajq} 'o.v,}
mqrt.w o} du jjjiiu oa jfBo put: .woo qjoq
suaiftiaAi }i   ���uos'i.utduioo  ui 'buojoSja
pin: Kim.i}B 'jCq}[tt,)q   ojb ��aA[no aq} puB
i '.uiii!'4!a   posii.uaui .{q ami} }Boraq}dn
asi.'iu sa\o;) aqj,    'sv.mav }i[r.ia JO its A"jp
i oa BMoa Jtoq} }a[ uoiii.<.iih|! rajBeaoons
; jsoiii am     'epooj   aiipnpo.ii!-}iij   panu
I }ou op  s[BinuiB  5).ioa\    'poaj   puuiuJI
pilll AHUIB   .10 .Ciiq }11.1 'B100I   11,1X11 JfJO.W
8A|_ '.(up .CjiiAa b}iujii) a\.ij u sqo.i
aq} BAJ_ 'niaqj I(}iav pt.uu iij(>o xp_
pun du maq} }iio uiaq} esnjoi A'oq] ji
s;uo ss.q |��aaj pun ,<sjoi| q.iii.i o; .\iq> .i.id
ROed �� BAjii 'B}o.ui!a .lAitq iicia" j[     j[.iom
"ui.hIh joj eesjoq uapioq puo .uudajj
*HHU���||     21ll|l|.,|l.lll||
tHiiiquiV��� b(ijo.w jo jpioq
' aqi jo ino JJOJ neoq puq Jluo.s j.iq jo smiiii
i o.M} joj.i.i s..[.>)itl.l'I 11 ic\ |iiq| 'iioilaailriii;
���;.i   'p.ijn.idili.'  }|     .uiiiiii!   003  .luou J.iq
[leqiiuiq pmi 'Adoa B^spjiiduioooH eq} }s
p03UB[h 'ii'lllld.illl (HAlijUVi pnd_B}B .Mis
}uq !}uemoui B[q[.i.te} �� bum ii    'uinod
��� iqi   i(l|.u A'|.ii|-im .M[} jjttq }oii p[tio.i ,ii(i-:
���pBAWi||oj  lu'is-iijuc,)   -)iiii|ipii| bbai eqs
��� natqAj Bpjo.w jo iiooq inn' in Bouiqg 0}
Alpi panuoqo ,njs 'ifiiOB jen jo os.ioa pnqo
��� is ,'i|l jiui; .i.i.'.ld 'A'tioqiluiA'x o}it.ioqi:;.i
.laqii.'.i   it   ihitJiirj    'BB}OU   }ikh(uav  Su|
aitiH ImI.w '.CloiiHim piq.MA poos K I()Ia!
po}j|S siiAi oqAi   'Bu.ujs/itios joq}ouy
.Ciuuqi J.iq q}i.w A'qttOttnpO pa}Ki!J}iio.>
q.ui|.w pun 'tij.iddtis jeq mac no }iul
iu.i.u qopiM 'BooqBJ9AO pniiq juj jo .nnd
njiiiq B ill ni.ioj}i:pl aq} nj no jiiin|[u.\\
iiiojj ami} ui jsut.' pO}U9A9'td utt.w ounjii
-OBOZzam XiuioXhuo -Xnisumv putt
paiJBA  3JB BsaiiBiioAjau jo B}bajja aqj,
'HJ.lKlllS   SUOAJOfj
Happy and Attractive Now, but European
Fashions Will Spoil Them,    s
As a rule, the young and middle-aged
Japanese women are quito good looking,
subject to the peculiarities of their type.
They have smooth, round faces, often
with fresh color, liquid black eyes, exquisite hands and well-rounded arms. !
Their feet are not so attractive, being
spread out by the use of clogs or pattens. This "footgear tends to give them
ungraceful gaits���a sort of waddle���and
it is considered the correct thing to toe
in. Their costume, almost ahvays becoming as td material and color, makes
thom look a little dumpish. This is
especially the effect of the great bow of
the belt, or obi, worn on the small of
the back, as much as a foot square. In
most cases the faces wear amiable, contented expressions. They are not worn
by care or thought.
Tho women of Japan are much better
treated than their Bisters in other Eastern nations, but they are considered distinctly inferior to the men, and are
taught from their earliest childhood
obedience���first, to their parents; then
to their husbands, nnd finally to their
sons when they become the heads of
their households. But this does not appear to weigh upon the Japanese woman.
She is cheerful, docile and contented
witli bar lot, happy to serve in tho station appointed lier, with simple tastes
and good digestion, and politeness which
never fails. They are said to be good
housekeepers always observant of their
duties, but the simplicity of their
housekeeping relieves them of a great
measure of tho care which wrinkles the
brow of the Xew England housekeeper,
for instance. Their bouses, even the
best of tbem, are the simplest structures
imaginable, containing almost nut liim; of
what we call furniture, ami their dresses
require no art in their cutting and manufacture.
Thus the two great causes of worri
menl from which our women suffer do
not exist for these simple creatures.
The introduction of Occidental dress is
obviously a great mistake. It means a
complete revolution of the Japanese
household. It means the change from
sitting on the clean matted floor to
chairs and sofas. It means wrinkles for
the smooth faco of the Japanese woman.
Besides, it means the loss of her charms
aud no compensation; for the Japanese
woman in European costume is a dwarfish, dumpish little creaturo, as much
out of her element as a duck on dry
land. But what has a traveler to do
with these questions?
Condition ot Eggs,
The flesh of diseased animals is very
properly objected to as food. But the
egg of a diseased hen is as much diseased as the flesh. Poultry cholera,
roup and other virulent diseases are
more prevalent in fowls than any dis
eases in other animals. Almost every
farm flock has its receptacle for departed sick fowls back of the barn or in a
fence corner, and in little graves in the
garden under the currant bushes or
grape vines. No notice is taken of the
fact that the eggs of these hens have
been gathered and sold for weeks preceding the final event, or a thought
given that they were virulently unwholesome. Yet we have been told that
hens had received the germs of diphtheria (which is roup in their c.isei and of
tuberculosis from human subjects. But
who has seriously considered the danger
of infection by diphtheria or consumption, or of intestinal fever (.which is the
fowi cholera) from the eggs we eat. And
yet there is imminent danger of it that
has been heretofore unannounced, so for
as we know.���Hall's Journal of Health.
Small Female Feet.
The craze for small feet is not nearly
so pronounced as it used to be, and
ladies do not feel disgraced when they
are compelled to wear a large three or
small four. For years efforts have been
made by artists and doctors to inculcate
a taste for larger feet, and to a great
extent they have been successful. The
granitoid sidewalk, however, has done
more missionary work in this direction
than all the talking and writing. While
ono walks on the grass it is pretty easy
to keep the foot small and comfortable,
but a few hours' tramp daily on granitoid or granite makes a very small foot
impossible and a very small shoe exceedingly uncomfortable. By careful measurement, however, it is impossible to
make a shoe which looks a size smaller
than it really is, .and this is an art the
secret of which is not obtained in a few
days or even years.
A New  Idea   in  Hearses.
An original idea for a hearse has oc
curred to a Baltimore man, which, if it
conies into practical use, may revolutionize the custom at funerals which ro
quires the mourners to accompany tho
remains to the cemetery in coaches
specially hired for the occasion. The
coffin rests in a compartment on tho top
of a vehicle, being put in position by an
apron which is lowered on the inside.
In tlie forward part of the hearse is an
apartment whero tlie chief mourners
may isolate themselves, providing they
are not too numerous. Tiro rest of the
vehicle is for the friends. When the
mourning party is a small one such a
hoarse will commend itself to peoplo of
small means, although the vehicle would
unquestionably attract, more attention
on tho streets than funeral processions
do now;	
Wild (ieese "Wedges."
Wild geese tluit "pass in tho night"--
did you bear that weird "honk" Saturday evening? Curious, that flying in a
wedge form. Hollo asks at breakfast
how I bey knew enough to do so.      If.s
I father gives this theory: Hay that two
geese attempt  to  follow their leaden
' now. iii order that their wings may have
room to play, they will naturally tail
out and form ii small wedge to slarl
with,     Then a fourth bird lluoe along
' behind the one on the left, and a fifth,
] in a desire to get as near the leader iik
! possible takes nfter the one on the right;
' and so tliey keep on forming wedges of
such varying length and irregular triangular shape us we bob.
I.iin.-. Surface.
Every well developed adult of the human species has  lung  surfaco equal to
1,100  square feet.   The heart's power
' is sufficient to lift itself 13,000 feet oach
mind Animals*
Cave animals of North America, according  to  Professor A.  S.   Packard,
comprise W2 species of blind creatures,
; nearly all of wliich are mostly white iu
| color.
'Bunq i Cost of Iron-flliids.
-!JI 1J0A ����������'PMJl Xjbab qfliu i[8M I Tho average cost of building a British
-o} pa}nqu}B!p8j aouaq} pint uopuorj o} I ironclad it, U2W por ton; French, tUlo;
iiuoAV ana HU ino.tj pajaqaBg 3uieq s}ad   Italian, tfcasO; German, ^300.
Shakespeor Not Plaeod Quite to tho Fore
���Homer Presents Man Most Nobly and
Sincerely In the "Iliad" and the
" Odyssey "���The Works of Others.
A proTiously unpublished essay of Mr.
Lowell's has appeared in the Century in
which he speaks of the books necessary
for one to read. There are certain boiks
which it is necessary to read; but they
are very few. Looking at the matter
from an esthetic point of view merely,
I should say that thus far only one man
has been able to use types so universal,
and to draw figures so cosmopolitan,
that they are equally acceptable to the
whole Indo European branch, at least,
of the human family. That man is
Homer, aud thero needs, it seems to me,
no further proof of his individual existence than this very fact of the solitary
nnapproachablcness of the "Iliad" and
the "Odyssey." Tho more wonderful
they are," the more likely to bo the work
of one person. Nowhore is ttie purely
natural man presented to us so nobly
and sincerely as in these poems.
Not far below these I should place the
"Divimi Cotmnedio" of Dauto, m whicli
the history of the spiritual man is
sketched with equal command of mate
rial and grandeur of outline. Don t^nix
oto stands upon the same level, and re
ceives the same universal appreciation.
Here we have tho spiritual and the
natural man set before us iu humorous
contrast. In tbo knight, and bis squire
Cervantes has typified the two opposing
poles if our dual nature���the imagination and the understanding as thoy appear in contradiction. This is the only
comprehensive satire ever written, for
it is utterly independent of time, place
ami manners.
Faust gives us the natural history
of the human intellect, Mephisto-
pheles being merely the projected impersonatton of that skepticism which is the invariable result of a purely intellectual culture.
These four books are the only ones in
which universal facts of human nature
and experience are ideally represent
ed. They can therefore never be displaced.
I havo not mentioned Shakespeare, because his works come under a different
category. Though they mark the very
highest'level of human genius, they yet
represent no special epoch in the history
of the individual mind. The man of
Shakespeare is always the man of actual
life as he is acted upon by the words of
sense and of spirit under certain definite
conditions. We all of Us may be in the
position of Macbeth or Othello or Hamlet, and we appreciate their sayings and
deeds potentially, so to speak, rather
than actually, through the system of
our common nature and not of our experience	
Tuberculosis in Cattle.
Evidence multiplies to sustain the belief that tuberculosis is developed most
readily in warm modern stables and
under what nuiy be called hot-house
conditions. A writer iu Country Gentleman iu speaking of a case at Lenox.
Mass., in 18H8, when thirty-two cattle
were destroyed, says; "These cattle
were kept in a new barn built only after
careful study into every detail. Stables
were light and clean. Water was supplied in each stall. Even the most
rigorous snap of a Berkshire winter
failed to produce a freezing temperature
in theso stables, and for days at a time
these cows remained inside, where they
wero well groomed and supplied with
the best of feed and water. Tho warmth
and comfort of theso stable i seemed to
provide hot-bed conditions for the nurture of the tuberculous bacilli. Berk
shire county has bad at least six serious
outbreaks, or rather developments, of
tuberculosis since, all of which have occurred in bonis of cows kept in costly
barns of modern construction, with the
best of care, and I know of no instance
whore cattle left to 'rough it' have been
troubled except in isolated cases which
were easily traceable to hereditary inoculation."
The Tea Cosy.
No housekeeper's equipment is com
plete without a toa cozy, and two or
more are greatly to be desired. The
cozy serves for coffee as well as tea, and
will sometimes do more towards making a success of breakfast than even the
new-laid eggs or the steaming rolls
Every man tools, himself wronged when
lib coiloo or tea is cold, and let all
things else be as good as they may, he
will declare his moruing repast a total
failure if it happens that his favorite
beverage is cold aud insipid. A coxy is
a very simple thing to make, and is particularly serviceable when made of
velvet or silk in combination for tho
outside, with India or China silk for the
lining. The shape is sort of half oval,
with the usual 19 inches for tho base
line ami 14 inches for the perpendicular.
Layers of cotton should be tacke'd be-
tween tho lining and outside sufficient to exhaust two ordinary batting
bundles. ^^ -��>
I>ry Uot In thi? Tower of London.
A remarkable instance of the growth
of dry rot has recently been discovered
in the armory of the Tower of London.
In   November  a  communication   was
made   to  tho royal gardens from the
I Horso Guards, war office,   to  tho effect
I that  on repairing one of the wooden
| horses in  the   armory,   believed to  be
: more than 100 years old, a mass of fun
' gus was found in  the interior.    It was
cut out with the portion of wood to
wliich it wan attached nnd sent to Kew,
when it proved to be a large and characteristic specimen of the ordinary dry-rot
fungus   iJleriiliiiH    leery mans,    Jacq.))
' i'liis fungus, as is well  known,   ia  very
destructive to timber in close and iii
ventilated situations.   The singular cir-
' enmstanco in thia case is that it appears
: to have been arrested in its growth and
Killed and desioonted before it had produced the smallest fragment of fructification.���Kew Bulletin.
(oral Bxpoetntlon.
Tesla expects to soon be nianufactur-
; ing electricity out of sunlight. Thump-
' son haB an improved process for weld-
1 ing  metals.   Another  inventor has  a
storage-battery wliich   will drive cars
twenty   miles  per   hour.    Tho electricians are all hard   at work.    If statesmanship developed as fast  as  engineering and   lnouhanioal talent,  we would
have better limes.
S   OF
who  are  giving special  bargains, so  that every person may
have a new pair of shoes for May-day.
Opposite Tramway Office,   603 Columbia Street.
One of the Best and Largest Stocks of
D. S. CIJRTiS & Co.,     -     Druggists.
New   Westminster.
20 lbs. Granulated  Sugar $1.00.
21 lbs. Yellow Sugar 81.00.
15 lbs. Raisins $1.00.
15 lbs. Currants SI.00.
5 lb. lioxes Uncolored Japan Tea $1.00.
5 lb. ltoxes Extra Choico Black Tea $1.50.
Shorts (Oregon) $1.15 per Sack.
Bran (Oregon) 00 cents per Sack.
100 lb Sacks Wheat (No. 1) $1.50 per sack.
100 lb. Sacks Gran'l. Sugar $4.90 per sack.
11 Tins Greon Peas $1.00.
11 Tins Com $1.00.
10 Tins Tomatoes $1.00.
1 lb. Tin No. 1 Baking Powder 25 cents,
90 lb. Sacks Rolled Oats $3.40 per sack.
45 lb. Sacks Rolled Oats $1.85 per sack.
20H lb. Sacks Boiled Oats $1.00 per sack.
7 lb. Sucks Rolled Oats 35 cts. per sack.
Remember the Address;
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St.,
Whero   I iM-y   Trent   Horsflg   Woll.
Roasted coffee and ground coffee
beans mixed with honey are used to
reslore broken down horses in tier
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.


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