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The Pacific Canadian 1893-12-16

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Official Gazette
��lw  fMiik  <&im,&foM.
Vol.1. NEW   WESTMINSTEE,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   DEC. 16,   1893. No. 14.
F.ucnANT'S hotel,oornerof MoNeely
'Oolumbla Streets.     Best   Wines
onstantly on hand. JAS.
and Cigars kept c
CASH, Proprietor
EEOOMT Meals St all hours, dished up
nanvstvle.   Open flay and nil.'lit. Moderate
B   y\v k'moU'I'IMER. Manager.
>(,TU1JTI>.      HI	
, Propriet
Tlds House lias been
"SouiWv novated,old refurnished,
th "i." in' etor solicits a Bharepl public
SnlgeMEALS. Scents.    Whltecooks.
^.nirFN'S  HOTEL, oorner  Clement and
Pm-o Wines and Efquors, and onoloo brands
of Cigars.	
,HH TELEGRAPH HOTEL. Front street,
,m ��������� the Ferry Landing.   Npth-
and olgars.  Tole-
.    opposite to
Sane m., P. 0. Hex 80.
$1 per   Tear!
The publishers of tho Pacific Canadian, in order to reach the people of this
Province, have decided to place the subscription price at the very low figure of
$1.00 per year. This places the paper
within the reach of all, even in hard
times, and there is no other way that a
dollar can bo invested to better advantage. In the family circle a healthy
newspaper is almost invaluable as an
educator. Have the Canadian come to
your hearth and make the whole house
glad. Try it for three mouths for
35 cents.
posite Bell-lrv-
JSa atVhtve waiters. The bar
will   prime  Wines, Liquors    ii
BRENDAN BROS.. Proprietors
is stocked
and    Olgars.
OnmnPNTAL HOTEL, corner Columbia
OOinr.M i Ai. nu j I- Westminster.
T7PHT HOTEL, Columbia  Street,    New
. .E wMtolnster? The best $1.00 a day house
K3?SI,3S: "p.O .lUlOBEMt
OTEL DOUGLAS,  corner of .Columbia
andMcKen/.le Streets. New
d European plan.  Shaving
under t&ma'nagemeiit of
Restaurant open dayrand nig
ter.   American aii'
Sirlor attached.
Walker.    Besianranuyv��� 'rVTnT.MTF.
ised. and theJHnmp t ^{Sadn.  Banquets
provided at
ill   the  luxuries of the
Cigars in the sample room
wood teamed to order.
Telephone B8.	
Express at all hours.
Eland-50 acres ple��^. bMaWie 800d
wood and.oedar. J^^J^r**
Office PttclBc Canadian
Pure^Bred Berkshire
prices.   APPlvteTHoMAgsHANNON
Cloverdale, B.C.
New goods arriving dally at
Don't place your orders before
seeing our Stock.
Opposite Masonic Block,
Mainland Truck and Dray
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
Attended to.
Agents for T. Ilombrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received for Gilley & Rogers'Coal.
The new and Most Elegantly
:-:    HOTEL.
Steam Radiators in- Ev'bby Room,
Together With Bath Accom-
���Fine Seuvice.���
We Lead, Others Follow.
The cattle on the Delta are reported
by Inspector Roper to bo entirely free
from contagious diseases.
The Pacific oxpress on the C. P. R,
Thursday, was cancelled owing to snow
troubles In tho mountains.
The Westminster Fish Co. is obtaining
supplies of snow from North Bend. It
costs $30 a car laid down here.
Mb. F. R. Robinson, pork packer on
Front street, reports several thefts of
meat from his promises. Ho proposes to
put a stop to it.
The telephone cable across the Fraser
river has been successfully laid, and
connection completed on the other side.
Westminster and Ladners can now communicate with each other viva voce.
The McGillivray Pipe Works on Lulu
Island, since re-opening a few weeks ago,
have shipped four ear-loads of steel
pipes to Ashcroft for the Horsefly Hydraulic Mining Co.
The Australian stoamerArawa brought
over a large consignment of mutton for
a Vancouver firm. The meat was frozen
of course, but looked prime, and consumers are well pleased with it. A
quantity of it has been placed on this
market. It sells at from 8c. by tho carouse to 12)<,c. for choice cuts.
The light snow fall of the beginning
of the week did not stay long. A couple
of davs of delightful weather for this
time of year followed, and yesterday
morning the city awoke to a fresh mantle of snow, which, however, was of
short duration, soon yielding to the
steady rain which fell during tho day.
A pbivate wedding was conducted
Thursday evening, by Rev. J. H. Best,
In Sapperton, at the home of the bride's
father, Mr. Martin Emerson. Tho contracting parties wore Mr. Freeman Eddy
well known In .this city, and Miss Lottie
Rogers Emerson, third daughter of Mr.
M. Emerson, Sapperton.
Mb. R. M. Pai.meb, of Hazelmere, has
been appointed Inspector of Fruit Pests,
in the room of Mr. Hutcherson, resigned.
The appointment Is an excellent one.
Mr. Palmer is not only a qualified inspector, but is also an enthusiastic believer In fruit culture in this Province.
He has had a large experience, and can
be counted upon to advance fruit interests whenever opportunity offers.
Mb. Thos. R. Patterson, of Cloverdale, returned this week from the Kootenay country, where he has been sinco
last May. He reports things very quiet
there, and is not at all infatuated with
the mining prospects. He prospected
some during tho summer, aud was latterly engaged on the Nakusp railway.
He thinks Nakusp and Three Forks are
the most promising points.
At 2 o'clock on Tuesday morning the
Fire Brigade was called from Box No. 9,
at tho corner of Twelfth street and Fifth
avenue, to a house occupied by John
Riley, a workman, who had a close call
for his life. Living alone and being a
hoavy sleeper, ho did not wake up till
the (lames had taken complete possession
of the building, and he had barely timo
to mako his escape. Tho building and
contents wero a total loss. There was
no insurance.
In the Coquitlam school house at Westminster Junction, on Wednesday ovon-
ing next, Mr. George B. Grey will deliver his highly entertaining illustratod
lecture on "Australia." Mr. Grey spent
four years on the island continent and
has a largo fund of information to draw
from. The collection of stereoptican
views aro said to bo very fine. Tho proceeds of the lecture will bo applied to
the Sunday School library fund, In
whicli the peoplo of Coquitlam take
great Interest, and the lecture is suro to
draw a crowded house.
Cabt. BitmoMAN, of Vancouvor, who
owns property noar Clovordalo In Surrey, ana who, along with other parties
in that vicinity, bollovos thero Is a prospect of coul In paying quantities being
lound thoro, on Wednesday last procured
the services of a mineral expert, and
proceeded to Clovordalo to investigate.
The ranches of Messrs. W. J. Robinson,
A. A. Richmond. Jos. Shannon and Capt.
Brldgman were examined, and It Is reported that satisfactory Indications wero
discovered. Parties concerned propose
entering Into a joint arrangement to sink
a shaft.
The Columbian last week announced
Mr. Calbeck, of Now Westminster, as a
probable candidate for municipal honors
In Ward 2 of Surrey. Mr. Douglas, a
former councillor, has also expressed his
intention of being a candidate on the
approaching occasion. Within tbe last
few days Mr. Jos. McDonald, tbe present
councillor, has yielded to the solicitations
of his.neighbors and will stand for reelection. Mr. McDonald Is an honest
and painstaking representative, and has
faithfully and efficiently attended to his
duties during tbo past year. Ho Is, besides, very popular in the Ward and is
TnE Victoria Colonist publishes the foi-1
lowing telegram, received in the regular!
press dispatches: "Windsor, Out., Dec.
12.���Five years ago an aged farmer of
this county named William llatton was
murdered for his money. A man named
MacMahon was arrested, charged with
the crime, found guilty, sentenced to
death; his sentence was afterwards commuted to Imprisonment for lifo. It is
now learned that MacMahon is innocent.
A man going by the name of Kennedy
and recently found guilty of manslaughter in British Columbia has eonfessod to
being Hatton's murderer. Steps wiil at
once be taken to secure MacMabon's release." A later dispatch states that
Kennedy, alias Moars, is not the man
Tiik annual soiree In connection with
Christ Church, Surrey, is announced for
the evening of Thursday. Dec. 21st, In
the Town Hall, Surrey Centre. Good
entertainment will be provided, and the
feature of the evening will be Rev. Mr.
Gowan's eloquent lecture on "Hawaii,"
a subject which is just now exciting intense interest ou this continent.
How many small boys and girls will bo
mado happy within tho next ton days by
a brand new pair of boots or shoes from
Santa Claus. There is season to believe
Santa obtains a largo share of bis supplies from Sinclair & Co., of this city,
who have a splendid stock of boots and
shoes. Read their advertisement in this
On Wednesday afternoon, Mr. Arthur
W. Taylor, of Victoria, was united iu
marriage to Miss Frances E. Armstrong,
of this city, daughter of the lato R. J.
Armstrong. The services were celebrated by the Bishop of Westminster, assisted by Rov. H. Irwin. Mr. and Mrs.
Taylor will reside In Victoria.
The Richmond cannery shipped two
car.loads of salmon to Toronto on Thursday, by C. P. R.
Card of Thanks.
The Canadian Is requested to give expression to the oarnest thanks of the
Sisters of the Good Shepherd to the kind
ladies who so genorously exerted themselves in the work of tho recent Bazaar
for the orphans; and also to the charitable public who so generously patronized it.   	
The Mayoralty Election.
On Monday last the polling took place
for tho offico of Mavor of Westminster
for the. ensuing year. The vote was a
small one, owing to many people boing
disfranchised for non-payment of taxes,
but nevertheless thero was quite a stir,
and a good deal of interest was manifested. Thoro wero three candidates, as
mentioned last week, and tho result
was the olection of Mr. Henry Hoy, tho
following being the vote by wards:
Hoy.   Johnson.   Sinclair.
Ward 1      -
one on the I members ol
8,   south of
Majority for Hoy over' next highest
Manager,  suro to be re-elected.
Notwithstanding tbe cold and slushy
weather, yesterday was a very satisfactory day at the market. Thero was an
abundant supply of produce and a good
attendance of purchasers. Prices sho v
littlo change, and tho following quotations areas nearly correct as can be arrived at:
Ducks, live, 50 to 60 cts.; Geese, live,
81.25 to 81.50; Turkeys, 81.50 to 82.25;
Chickens, live, $4.50; dressed, 50 to 60
cents; liye hens, 80 per doz.
Pork, whole, 8 cents; cuts, 9 to 11
Beef, fore-quarters, 5 conts; hind-quarters. 7 conts; cuts, 7 to 11 cents. It is
hard to quote a fixed prico for beof. The
figures abovo given aro for fresh meats
in prime condition. Stale hind-quarters
have been sold through the week as low
as 5 conts. Tbo best price Is obtained
during the morning of market days.
Thero is a tendency to drop a cent in the
afternoon, and after that it must simply
be sold at what it will bring. Parties
intending to bring beof in might find it
to their advantage to notify tho market
clerk on Tuosday, and he could then bo
on the lookout for a eustomor in advance. Prices aro largely ruled by cattle
from tho interior, which aro low just
now. At times It is vory easy to overdo
the market with local beef.
Mutton Is another item tbat it may bo
well to consider. Yesterday Australian
mutton was offered on tho market with
tbo home product. So far tbe competition does not appear to havo much
affected tho local moat which Is still
quoted at 9 cents by the carcase. The
Australian article brought an average of
8% conts, but it has boen sold In Vancouver at 7 cents. Heretofore, tho market clerk has discouraged tho sale of
foreign products on tbe market, which is
essentially a farmers' market. It might
bo well to establish somo rule in this regard. As supplies of Australian mutton
can only bo obtained periodically, tt Is
not likely that the regular current of
the local market will bo much affected
except at stated times, unless of course
under a systom of cold storage, whon tho
effoct might bo to seriously affect tbo
home producers of mutton.
Butter Is still quoted at SO to 60 conts
per roll, but tho tono of tho markot Is
stiffening. Eggs bring 45 to50 cents por
Day continues at 813; oats, 835 to $27;
wheat, 828 to $30. Peas, $30 but nothing
Rotates are still quoted at 814 to 818.
Turnips, $9 to $10. Mangolds, $7. Whlto
carrots, $9. Red carrots, $12.50. Beets,
1 cent per pound. Cabbage, 1 cont.
Parsnips, 1 cent. Onions, 1J4 conts.
Apples move slowly at $1 to $1.35.
Cranberries, 35 conts por gallon.
Council met on Monday, Decombor4th.
Present: Tho Reeve (Mr. J. Armstrong),
and Councillors Hothwell, Figg, McDonald and Stewart.
Minutes of previous meeting were read
and cou firmed.
Communications wero received from
E. M. Wiltshire: Received.
From A. Halgrew, re railway crossing
on Siinnyside road: Tbe Clerk was instructed to request the Railway Co. to
make this crossing and also
line between sees. 33 and
Port Kells.
From .1. E. Murphy re Mr. Henderson's
statute labor in 1892: Statute labor to bo
From E. J. Knigbt: Referred to tbe
From Q, W. Canu, re dam in Clovor
Valley road ditch: Laid over.
From .1. A. Forin, re lion Accord
statute labor tax: Tho Reeve was instructed to request Mr. Fortn to write
Mr. Munn in reference to this matter
and requesting Immediate settlement.
From Konnedy Bros, ro taxes due by
them: Referred to the Clerk.
From M. Hayes, ro Kenned; Bros,
statute labour: Rocoivod.
Coun. Bothwell reported that tho work
douo by the settlers on the Hjorth road,
west of tbe coast meridian, was not on
the road limits. Coun. Bothwell was requested to see If tho lino can bo locatod
by next meeting.
Coun. Stewart roportod that ho had
let by auction the work of cutting tho
brush on the Semtabmoo road to A.
Johnson for $8.50, and the ditching on
McLellan road to J. Dunn for $5.50.
Coun. McDonald reported tnat ho had
let contract for grading half mile, nine
feet wide, on the Johnson road north of
Yale road to P. Ryan for $50, and a contract for slashing and clearing a portion
of the town-line, 16 feet wide and 40
chf.ins long, to Geo. Chantler for $50.
Ho had also let thecorduroving of a part
of the Hjorth road, by auction as follows: 24 rods at 80 cents, 17 rods at 82
cents, and 5 rods at $1 per rod to J. H.
Perkins; 27 rods at 95 conts por rod to
W. C, Bourne; 5 rods at $1.25 and 5 rods
at $1 por rod to J. Brodorlck: and 8 rods
at $1 por rod to Bans Espeland.
Tbe following bills woro received aud
ordered paid: Dr. Boggs, $36.40; Capt.
Pittendrigh, $13; J. A. Forin, $15.60:
J. H Perkins, 840; A. Beverly, $50. J.
M. Gellls, $6; J. Armstrong, $19; Geo.
Figg, $15; A. Bamford, $8; J. Joitzuer,
$9.50; A. Peschko, $5.50; W. B. Wilder,
$11; W.cCobban, $2; G. Newman, $15;
Jas. Vreatt, $5; D. Johnson, $50; J.Johnston, $16; J. McMillan, $14.51.
Bills wore received from J. Mclsaac
for 11 days work, 822; Thos. Hewett, 11
days' work, $23; and Noil Mclsaac, 9
days' work, $18. Coun. Bothwell stated
that th/sse parties were not hired by the
day but to lay 20J rods of corduroy for
which they should not be paid more than
$25 In all. It was decided not to entertain these bills.
Coun. Stewart was empowered to lot
work to the amount of $200 on the McBride road, $300 on the Hookway road
and $40 on the Blackie's spit road.
The Reeve was authorized to request
Mr. Peirson to audit the books and If bo
is not available to enquire about another
The Election By-Law 1894 and tho
Highway By-Law 1893 passed their final
The Collector reported that he had
postponed the sale of land for taxes until
Saturday, December 16, at South Westminster.
The Council then adjourned until Saturday, Dec. 30th, at 1 o'clock p.m.
Mr. J. P. Planta is to be appointed
stipendiary magistrate at Nanalmo.
G. H. Williams, druggist, Kaslo, has
assigned to William Carrington, of the
same placo.
Provincial Constable Alexander Mc-
Kiniinn received the nomination for the
position of chief of the Nanaimo police.
G. 0. Buchanan, of Nelson, bas announced his intention of contesting West
family were afso down I Kootenay at the next election for a seat
in tbo Legislative Assembly.
Correspondence Pacific Canadian.
The Nut-crack social promises to be
quite an original entertainment, Prizes
given for cracking nuts. The programme committee have attended to
business diligently, and a highly entertaining programme is in course of preparation.
Mr. Ducan MeKenzie, of Clover Valley, has beon seriously ill with la grippe,
but is believed to be convalescing. Other
with the disoaso
The sidewalk along King street is an
improvement tbat lias been earnestly desired for some time. The process of laying tbe planks was attended by many
expressions of approval.
Mrs. Preston and Mrs. Matliei'son, of
Spokane Palls, nrs visiting with Mr. and
Mrs. J, 11. Starr.
Planks have boon laid on the Milton
road from the school to tbo top of the
bill. For many weeks tlie road has been
almost impassable, and the sidewalk Is
an Improvement that will be thoroughly
appreciated by tho school children of
Clovor Valley.
Mr. Archie Murphy, of Clover Valley,
has beon stricken with tbo prevalent la
grippe Mrs. Murphy also suffered from
tbe same malady, but is now much better.
Mr. T. R. Patterson, so favorably
known in this section of tbo Province,
visited old friends here on Wednesday.
Mr. Patterson has boen in the Kootenay
country during tho summer.
A soiree is to bo hold in tho Town Hall,
Surrey Centre, ou tho 21st inst., in connection with Christ Church. Thoro is
suro to be a largo attendance.
the odd fellows' concebt.
Thero was a vory largs attendance at
the Odd Fellows' entertainment on Friday evening last. The commodious
school room, in which tho Lodge meets
sinco the burning of tbe hall, was literally packed, many people being scarcely
able to obtain standing room. The programme was gone through without a
hitch, and many of the performers received enthusiastic encores. The entertainment, it is generally agreed, was the
most successful yet hold in Clovordalo.
Following are tho numbers:
Opening Odo.
Instrumental Music���Mrs. Churchland
and Messrs. Yeomans aud Altreo.
Song���D. J. McLennan.
Recitation���Tbe Goat���Miss Maggie
Instrumental Music���John Shortreed.
Recitation���Miss Richmond.
Song���Miss McDowell.
Instrumental Music���Mrs. Churchland
and Messrs. Yeomans and Altree.
Reading���T. Leith.
Instrumental Music���Mr. Sidney Hayl-
Recitation���Miss Mattlo McCallum.
Song���Misses Galbraith, MeKenzie and
Murphy. ���
Instrumental Music���Jno.  Shortreed.
Recitation���Wm. McDonough
Correspondence of Pacific Canadian.
Tho late wintry weatb'or caused quite
a stir among tho ranchers in this vicinity
on account ot the early date on which
they had to commence feeding stock.
Now that the snow and frost has gono,
tho roads aro In a most despicable condition. The efforts of the Council apparently being directed toward their
improvement, a large amount of frosh
earth having boen exeavalod and cast
into what might otherwise have furnished the settlors with a passable means
of intercommunication through the wet
season, but now it will bo necessary to
carry a canoe, if ono expects to get ever
somo of the so-called roads.
Our settlers appear to be going into
the pork raising industry more extensively every year, Mr. W. Kohart and
Mr. N. Kltznel having shipped several
loads of line pork to Westminster and
Vancouvor quite recently, tbo latter
gentleman having now a largo consignment roady for tho market. The land
in this neighborhood producos very heavy
crops of clovor and poas, thus making it
a very profitable Industry.
We observe that quite a number of tho
farmors are doing considerable under
draining and fall ploughing.
By tho way, Mr. Editor, can you Inform mysolf and a number of othor
settlors bore If thoro Is In this "Surrey
of ours" such an Individual as a health
officer. I am credibly Infonnod thoro is
none such. In view of the recent outbreak of contagious disoaso this Is rathor
a serious matter and a question that
affects the well being of tho whole community. H.T.T.
Hazelmere, Doc. 10th, 1893.
It was known to a fow on Thursday
evening that a number of convicts In the
Penitentiary here had mado a break for
liberty, which had beon unsuccessful,
and that one of their number had beon
wounded. No authoritative statement
of the facts has yet been made, but It Is
known that the escape was attempted by
a gang of some 50 convicts from within
the walls, about live o'clock p.m., and
that thoy only desisted when lired upon
by the guard. A convict named Kennedy,
serving a life sentence for a murder committed at Golden, was shot in tbo log.
The others then submitted.
Fruit Orowers in Conference.
At a protracted meeting of the Board
of Horticulture, In Victoria, attendod by
Messrs. Trage, Cunningham, Oulson,
Hutcherson arid Anderson, Mr. Cunningham was appointed president and Mr. J.
R. Anderson recommended for secretary-
treasurer. A large amount of other
business was also disposed of, tho following resolutions included:
"That tho attention of nursery men
should be particularly directed by letter
to the provisions of rule No. 1, adopted
26th October.
"That all the members of tho Board
use their influence in encouraging competent persons to enter into the business
of clearing orchards of fruit pests, and
that all information and assistance be
given such persons.
"That tho Government bo respectfully
askod to havo a number of copies of tbe
'Insect Supplement of the fourth annual
report of the Provincial Horticultural
Society' printed for gratuitous distribution.
"Tbat printed forms of notlcoand certificates be provided."
Tbe question of tbe appointment of an
inspector of Fruit Pests having como up
and thero being four candidates, it was
decided that thoy should be subjected to
an examination as to thoir qualifications.
This was dono, with tho result tbat Mr.
R. M. Palmer, of Hazelmere, was chosen
and unanimously recommended'for tho
It was further resolved "That thu attention of all fruit doalors bo directed by
letter to tho provisions of tho Act, and
they be asked to givo their assistance
and co-operation."
The rules adopted at tho last mooting
woro reconsidered and some alterations,
additions and corrections of palpable
errors wero mado. The names of the
members of tbo Board and the Inspoctor
were also ordorod to bo prlntod with tho
amended rulos for general Information.
It was doclded that the office of tho
Board should bo In Victoria, but that tho
meetings should be bold In tho different
parts of tho Provlnco alternately; the
next mooting will bo hold In Westminster.
Tho members of tho Board are very
oarnost In their determination to grapple
with the great and growing evils of fruit
posts, which not only have already dono
much injury, but which threaten to ou-
tlre'.y dostroy tho fruit industry of Britisli Columbia, and anuounco that they
will enforce tho provisions of the Horticultural Act without fear or favor. Tho
attention of tho public Is particularly directed to tbo resolution encouraging competent peoplo to engage in the business
of exterminating orchard posts. The
members of the Board believe It will
prove a profitable undertaking to thoso
who go Into it intelligently.
Work on the Stanley Park reservoir,
Vancouver, will be commonced shortly,
which will relieve some of the prevailing
distress in tbo city.
George Hilton, a pioneer Nanalmoite,
died on Sunday afternoon. Ho was a
native of Cumberland, England, aged 60,
and was known all over the Province.
No arrangement has yet boen made as
to a renewal of work at the Northfield
mine. A committee of miners is, however, engaged in drafting a possible scale
of wages.
A   foreigner named   John   I.ohmnrk,
was on the 11th inst. sentenced at Nanainio to (i  months' imprisonment and a
fine of 8100 for stabbing a fellow country-^
man In tho back,
A lotter was read before tho Vancouvor Council from Jas. MacNelll,  asking      '��� <
tho city to provide work  for tho unemployed, for the sake of suffering families,
for humanity sake, and for God's sake.
Tho funeral of Thomas Randle, who
diod at Vancouver from tho effects of an
overdose of laudanum took placo on Saturday aftornoon. Tho deceased had only
80 conts in cash when he diod.
The wrecked steamer State of Idaho is
now almost entirely under water at Buchanan's mill at Kaslo. Owing to the
non-arrival of necessary tackle, nothing
is being done to haul her out of the
For some time past Mrs. E. P. Flewel-
llng, wife of tho rector ol St. Paul's
Church, Vancouver, has been in delicate
health. Tho doctors having recommended change of climate sho will leave for
Honolulu by the Arawa to-day.
Capt. John Irving, commodore of tho
0. P. N. Co's fleet, says tbat ho has not
heard of tbe C. P. R. Co.'s intention tr
placo a steamer of its own on tbo Victoria-Vancouver route. Tho agreement
between the two companies may expire
at any timo on three months' notice
being given.
The Rev. R. Small, a well known
Church of England minister, stationed
in the Lytton district, is now under
medical treatment at Kamloops. He had
his feet so/erely frozen tbe other day,
whilst on mission work at Groat Bar.
It is feared that he may lose two of bis
A man named Holmes has, accompanied by | his wife, levanted from
Nanaimo owing hundreds of dollarsj
Amongst others dofrauded is a brother-
in-law of his, named Allison, who kindly
helped Holmes to emigrate from Eng-atf'ty
laud when destitute and afterwards
assisted him to the extent of a very considerable sum. Holmes was by trade a
working tailor.
Navigation on the Columbia river
closed unexpectedly on Nov. 24th. On
that day the steamer Nelson made her
final trip for this winter to Bonner's
Ferry. She managed to reach her destination, but got caught in the ice and
was delayed about 13 hours when re-*
turning. Tbe sudden cold weather and
tbe unexpected shut down on the importation of supplies will work a hardship on a number of merchants and
foreigners who were depending on at
least one moro mouth in which to have
their supplies shipped in.
The Revelstoke Lumber Company has
obtained the contract for clearing two
miles of tho right of way on the Revel #**
stoke & Arrow Lake railway bolow the)
Greon Slide, and also for getting out
10,000 ties for the samo railway. About
40 men will be employed under Dan
Robinson. The lumber company has
also a contract for tho now bridge over
the Illecillewaot, which will bo situated
about a quarter of a mile oast of the
present railway bridge. About 12 men
will be employed and Morgan David will
be in charge.
For somo timo past thero has been a
tough gang of Incorriglbles amongst the
boys attending tbo East End School, who
have given Principal Tom considerable
trouble. Window smashing aud smoking aro their favorite pastimes, while
tho language somo of those shavers use
would shock a Whltechapel rough. On
Monday they smashed a number of windows in the neighborhood of tho school
and tho polico wero then callod In. Officer EUgh went up to tho school and
arrested about a dozen of the worst
members of tho gang, somo of whom were
not mere than nine veins old, and sob-
bod audibly whon brought under the
austere glanco o' old John. Tho boys
were given a sovore lecture by Magistrate Jordon, Chlof McLaren, and Trus-*
tee Brown, and told they would have to
pay for tho windows, whilo durance vile
was promised tbem If thoy did not mend
thoir wavs.
In Vancouver on Monday, aftor the
dockot was concluded at tho Polico Court,
a tall, wiry individual camo up to the
Maglstrato and the Chlof and informod
them that liis lifo was being threatened
by the Odd Follows, who bud already
mado several attempts upon It. He gave
bis name as William Flynn and said he
was a logger. Ho also askod that he
might have tho protection of the man-
of-war. The medical examination subsequently mado proved tbo man to bo a
lunatic, and a search was made for
any concealod weapon. Flynn offered
a desperate resistance and the united
efforts of threo of "tho finest" were re-*
qnlred to hold him down. Ho was convoyed to the Wostmlnstor asylum In a
back In the aftornoon, as his violent conduct would not permit him to bo taken
by tram. Flynn has boon in the City
seven years, and for somo timo past his
conduct has given riso to suspicion as to
his sanity. NEW    WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   DEC.   16,  1893.
Prices of . Few Autographs.
Some prices on autograph letters are
is foUows: From Charles Francis Adams,
1859, 50 cents; long letter in Gurman by
Hans Christian Andersen at Copenhagen,
$5; John Quincy Adams, 1841, |5; P. T.
Barnum, 1867, 75 cents; Joseph Bonaparte, in regard to the sale of his diamonds and on political matters, dated at
Philadelphia, 1823, $4; Ole BuU, $4.50;
President Cleveland, letter regarding
Mrs. Cleveland, 1890, $3; C. Corot, on
art subjects, $3; Edward Eggleston, on
Bending copy of a novel, 75 cents; Nathaniel Hawthorne, Concord, 1862, $12.50;
Leigh Hunt, three page letter on noto
paper without date, $4; Jean Ingelow,
$2.50; Washington Irving, $6.50; Andrew Jackson, $7.50; Louis XIII of
France, signed document, $3; President
Monroe, commission of a major in tho
army, on vellum and signed by J. C.
Calhoun, $2.50; Joaquin Miller, autograph verse, $t; Marshal MacMahon, $3;
Ouida, $3; Ellen Terry, $1; President
Tyler, $2.50; Victoria, Duchess of Kent
and mother of Queen Victoria, $3; Benjamin West, $10.
An order of arrest signed hy Robespierre, also signed by Couthon, is valued at $25; a salary advance agreement
of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, $7.00:
Jonathan Swill, with seal of the deanery,
$10; photograph of Theodore Thomas,
signed and dated, 75 cents.���New York
American I.ATlty.
Singularly enough it appears thatPoe,
the only absolutely distinct genius our
country has yet produced, was incapable
of humor and that even his levity was
artificial Hawthorne, next to Poo in
originality and far above him in style,
was but meagerly equipped with smile
provoking material. Bryant, our greatest poet, maintained a lofty seriousness
throughout his work.
It may be sacrilege u> say so, bat the
truth is Lowell was the fonnder of our
levity. Hj never could be quite a reliably serious thinker, but could at any moment break off into f unmaking. Humor
ia good in a fresh and natural state, but
so is a peach. Cut and dry either, and
you have a poor article for a regular diet.
Wo Americans have fed upon laughable
things until our faces show the wrinkles
of a grin even when in solemnest repose.
We are never sure of one another, but
must wait awhile after each communication to find out whether or not it is a
joke. The effect of highest sincerity
cannot he reached in the midst of all this
hurly burly of chaffing voices. How can
one be serious while everybody else is
There Wa. Jast One Han.
There ia a gallant congressman who
once had the reputation of sowing wild
oats broadcast. When he was first running for congress, many breezy stories
were told about him. At last he gave it
out in tbe beat of his campaign that he
would speak shortly in defense of his
morals. It was a Populist district, and
he had a big audience. The speech every
one liked, but until the last sentence not
a word was spoken about the advertised
subject. At tbe last the candidate stuck
his hand under his desk and pulled out
several boxes of imported cigars.
"Gentlemen," he cried, "I am accused
of haBjjjB certain bad habits. Particular
instances have been alleged in fact. $
wish to make some one in this assemblage a present of a box of good cigars.
If there is any one here who has never
done what I have done, will he please
step up and take it?" No one moved.
For a long time the big crowd kept silent. But an old Baptist minister in a
far back seat after awhile arose and
said in a high,'squeaky voice, "Colonel, I
dont smoke."���San Franoisco Argonaut.
Didn't Know Bit Own Child.
At Antietam, just after the artillery
had been sharply engaged, the Rockbridge (Va.) battery was rtanding waiting orders. General Lee rode by and
stopped a moment. A dirty faced driver
about 17 said to him:
"Genyal, are you going to pat as in
Think of such a question from such a
source to the general of the army, especially when that general's name was Lee.
"Yes, my boy," the stately officer kindly answered; "I have to put you in tigain.
But what is your name? Your face
seems lumiliar somehow."
"I don't wonder you didn't know me,
sir," laughed the lad; "I'm so dirty, but
Tm Bob."
It was the general's youngest son,
whom he had thought safe at the Virginia Military institute. "God bless you,
my son; do your dutyl" and the general
rode on.���Washington Post.
The Art of Uraceful Walking.
It would seem sometimes that the art
of graceful walking might be numbered
amon^ the lost sciences, so few women
master the accomplishment or even acquire any approach to perfection in this
exercise, whic'.i is the foundation of all
others. Every one succeeds in propelling
themselves along by means of their feet,
but that is not true walking. An English authority says, "The body should be
held erect, the shoulders down, chest
extended and the leg movod from the
hip, the whole figure above being immovable."���Philadelphia Times,
Overfastidion. Tn-' ���,.
Men overfastidions in their choice of
tea have been victims of their too vivid
imagiuati n One man objected to u
brand of tea pn hosed by Mb wife, pronouncing it ' ods," and accordingly
selected a cho! s kin'' HU next cup of
tea was pronornc"" .i'ect. The c'or
was good, and "That's a enp '" teu .or
you" was said with emphasis as uo drank
the second cup made from t' ' . feeds"
his wife had bought.���Good .-lousokeep-
i .	
.Times Have Changed.
Thieves who entered the house of the
pastor of St. James Methodist Episcopal
church in Harlem stolo $800 worth of
silver. The surprise is uot that they stole
it, but that the minister had it. Times
have changed since the apostolic itinerant said, "Silver and gold have I none."
���Brooklyn Eagle.
His Beformation Wa. Sudden and Many
Sided and Served Hi. Purpose.
I have a little son 8 years old. He ia
smart and bright, and for mischievous-
ness I think can't be beaten. I was sitting in a room one day reading and
smoking, when he came sauntering up
to me with the forefinger of his left hand
in his mouth. I thought at the time
that there was something wrong, but
said nothing with regard to the same.
"Pa," he Baid after awhile, "I didn't
get one demerit in school today."
"You didn't, Willie?" I interrogated,
throwing a rather fierce look upon him.
"Well, I'm sure that's a good showing."
"Yes, and I carried a bucket of coal
up for Kate after school," he went on,
still keeping that finger in his mouth.
"Why, you are getting very considerate," I returned.
"Yes, and I brushed your coat all oft
nice and clean."
"No, Willie; you didn't do that?' I
asked, looking frowningly at him, for I
knew he had been up to something.
"Yes, I did, pa, and I lit the gas in
ma's room for her."
"Well, now."
"And I shined your best shoes until
they glitter like Sister Ella's looking
"Is that bo? What elsohave you done?"
"Well, I studied al? my lessons in
school, got out at the regular time, said
'yes, sir,' to Uncle John aud helped the
hostler around the stable."
"Why, what is the matter with you?
Are you going to get sick!"
"No, sir," he replied, twisting around
a trifle, "but I'm going to be a better
boy���at least for a while."
"You are? Well, I'm glad to hear
There was a short pause, and then he
said: "Here, pa, are two cigars for yon.
I bought them with my own spending
money. I'll buy yon a boxful when I
get money enough."
At this juncture he placed both little
arms around my neck and sobbed aloud.
"Oh, pa," he asked, "do you like yoar
little boy?"
"Why, of course I do," I replied, getting alarmed.   "Are you ill?'
"No, bnt I've got something to tell
you. Would you keep your little Willie
from pain?"
"Certainly I would. Tell me what is
the matter, my son?"
"All right, pa, I will���dear, good, old
pa. This morning Billy Button, Tommy
Todd and myself were playing ball, and
I couldn't catch very well, so I went and
got your brand new stovepipe hat and
caught with that. Pa, that hat must be
made of awful poor stuli', for the first
fly ball went clear through it, knocking
the roof out. But never mind, I'll buy
you another one," clasping me tighter as
I essayed to rise, "and one gooder'n that
What could I do?���Boston Courier.
Paderewskl as a Hard Worker.
To be a pet of the public sometimes
has its disadvantages. M. Paderewski,
for instance, keeps up his reputation only
at the cost of tremendous efforts. To
an interviewer for Black and White he
has confided the fact that he practices
at the piano often for 15 or 18 hours a
doy. Once, in New York, he had to work
up eight entirely distinct programmes in
little over as many days, and then it was
a case of 17 hours' practice daily. One
must always be at it, he explains, to
keep the fingers right and the memory
active. The work is certainly tiring,
and M. Paderewski considers that playing billiards���a game he is very fond of
���has saved his life by affording him the
necessary relief from his arduous work.
Those crashing blows of his on the
piano are not, as some might imagine,
made with the closed fist. Sometimes
they are done with the third finger stiffened out, sometimes with th ��� thumb
sideways. He seems to see nothing wonderful in the effect produced, although
his hands are so delicate that an ordinarily firm shake makes him wince. It
is true that he has a forearm such as a
professional strong man might envy, so
perfect is it in its muscular development.���London Daily News.
Thought He Could Jump.
A young man the other day got an umbrella where the bottle got the cork���in
the neck. This young man is one of
those feljows who can readily explain to
you that nothing that any one else can
do is really as difficult as it appears. He
joined a local gymnasium not long ago,
and after watchiug the members once or
twice gCing through their exercises camo
away with the feeling that he was a full
fledged athlete. Walking on East Court
Btreet alongside of the jail, he'espied two
women ahead of him walking abreast
and carrying a basket of freshly washed
clothes between them. The street being
narrow at this point, they took up the
full width. Tbe young man, being in a
hurry, thought he could save time by
jumping over the basket, but his calculation was not acute enough, and he
kicked some of the wash off. After
walking a few steps he turned around to
ascertain the result of his maneuver and
was just in time to see an umbrella
hurled at him by the unerring aim of an
enraged woman. He tried to dodge, but
was too slow.���Cincinnati Commercial
Ancient Stationers.
In mediaeval times the stationarios, or
stationer, held official connection with a
university and sold at his stall, or station, the books written or copied by the
librarius, or book writer. Such is tho
origin of the modern term stationer, one
who now keeps for sale implements of
such service, and not usually the productions of literary persons.���Harper's
A Lost Bride.
An absentminded groom in Rome, Ga.,
forgot that he-was to be married the other day, aud whon tho time for tho ceremony arrived he was not preBent. An examination showed that he had overslept
himself. He apologized, but tho father
of the bride reTuod to accept him as a
son-in-law, and the engagement was
broken.���Detroit Free Press. ��� *
To define what shall be deemed
a lawful fence within the
boundaries of the District.
rniIE Beeve and Council of the District of
_L Ooquitlam in Council assembled enacts
as follows:
(1.) A wire fence to constitute a logal fenco
must have a top rail and three wires. The
top mil must not bo less than three Inches
in diameter at the small end, and either
spiked with .six-inch spikes, or one Inch thick
trunnels, or the top rail may bo composed of
lxti ineli boards securely nailed to side of
posts within two incite, of top of posts. Tho
posts must not he less than four Indies in
diiimeU-'r ut the smiill end, and be sunk not
less than two and one half feet Into tlie
irround. The fence to be not less than four
feet nine inches fl'on 1'ie frround to tlie top
of the top rail. The poets to be not over ten
feet apart, the first tvlrc l>o be one foot from
the ground, the second t.vo feet from tiie
ffruund. and the third wire half-way between
the se" ud wire am' the top rail.
(2) For a hoard fence the posts shull be
four feet nine inches long from the surface
of the ground, and sunk two and one-half
feet in the ground, and to be not moro than
ten feet apart; tlie hoards to be securely
nailed to the face of the posts, wljth not less
than 8 penny nails; tlie boards to be what is
termed in mills us inch lumber, not less limn
six Inches wide, und distribution of hoards
to conform with the l'rov. Statutes regarding fences. The posts to be not less than
four inches diameter.
(:ij Por ll picket fonoo the posts shall be
four feet high above the ground, sunk two
add one-hair feet Into the ground, ami not
more than ten feet apart. Tlie pickets must
not be less than three-quarters ol an inch
thick, and four feet nine Inches loin." rrom
the ground, und to be either sunk- six Inches
Into the ground or securely mil led to two
mils, one rail on top of post, and the other
one foot from ground.
(4) A picket fence without posts shall consist of pickets of not less than three Indies
in diameter at the small end, und sunk into
the ground uot less than two feet, and not
more than three lnohes apart, and to stand
four feet nine Indies from the surface of the
(.'round, und lxil or 1x6 inch boards nailed
within six Inches of the top of pickets with
not loss than s penny nails.
(5) All snake or crooked fences to bo
deemed a lawful fonce shall be six rails (not
less than four inches ut small end) high und
the rails are not to be over six Indies apart
staked and ridcred, either centre staked or
corner staked, and the stakes aro not to be
less than two inches In diameter ut tho top
end, und driven or sunk In the ground not
less than nine inches. Tho rider must not to
less than threo Inches In diameter at tho top
end, and not more than twenty Inches from
top rail, the worm to be laid tor twelve foot
rails must not be over sixteen feet from first
corner to second corner.
(li) A double post fence straight must be
mado with posts not less than four feet nine
high, and sunk In the ground two feet six
inches and securely fastened ut top of posts
either with slats nulled across or tied with
wire, and the rails are not to bo more than
six inches apart, and four feet uino inches
high from ground to top of rail.
(7) Chock und log fences shull bo of the
same dimensions as snake fences only without stukes und rider; but tho top log must
be securely spiked or trunneied with not less
than inch thick trunnels.
This By-Law shall take olfect on the first
day of January, 18114.
This By-Law may he cited us the Coqultluni
Fence liy-Luw, 1608.
Reconsidered und finally passed nnd tho
seal of the Corporation uttudiod this
In.s.l   Eleventh day of November, 181)3,
Hop Lee's Laundry.
The above Is the popular Lunndry of the
City. Kates ure moderate, und the work
is done in a satisfactory munner.
M. Jensen, .Shop 39 McKtnzio Street.
Old Furniture repaired and made to look
like new.   Furniture made to order.
A call solicited. Carpenterwork promptly attended to.
NOTICE is hereby given that application
will be made to the Parliament of Canada at its noxt Session, for an Act to Incorporate a Company to construct, maintain
and operate a Canal or Navigation from
somo point on Burrurd Inlet in or near Port
Moody in British Columbia, thonce in an
Easterly direction to some point on Pitt
River In Township 40 or In Township 0; und
with power to construct und operate nil
work's und structures necessary or proper
in connection therewith; to ucquire by purchase, expropriation or otherwise hinds for
tlie purposes of the Company und to dispose
thereof, to churgo und collect tolls and dues,
to build wharves und store or warehouses:
to build or purchase Steamer or Sailing
Vessels, scows and barges, toreclulm binds
und foreshores to construct and onerute telegraph or telephones und to do all other acts
incidental or neoessary to tlie objects ubove
Dated this Snd day of November 1803
Solicitor for the applicants.
C. M. C.
The above is u true copy of ti By-Law
passsd by the Muidpal Council of tiie District of Coquitlam ou the ttth day of Nov.,
A.D., 181)3, and all persons are hereby required
to take notice that anyone desirous of applying to have such Iiy-Law ir any part thereof
quashed, must make liis application for that
purpose to the Supremo Court within one
month next after tho publication of this
Jty-Law In tho llritish Columbia Gazette,
or ho will bo too late to bo hoard In that
For Extra Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
Opposlto Reid & Currio's Foundry.
Of all kinds on hand.
A Gall Solicited.
Columbia Street, New Westminster.
The Latest and Choicest Patterns In Switch
and Knirllsh Tweeds, Etc., fur lull ami winter
Oct PriccH!
New Westminster.
Importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Sales, Etc.
The product of this Brewery is second
to none in the Province, and ranks
first-class wherever known.
Orders left atthe Merchants' Exouango
or the llolbrook House will bo promptly
attondncl to.
J . ' t-littM
547 Front St., New Westminster,
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Etc.
Factory in rear of City Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.C.
The Western Fisheries & Traflini Co.
(Successors to W. H. Vianen.)
plied at lowest prices.
All kinds of FUHS and SKINS purchased;
highest prices given.
Warehouse and Store���Front Street.
Telephone No. 0.
Freezer, Ice House, &c���Lulu Island.
P. O. Box 449.
60 DAYS.
Rare Chance to Purchasers.
We are giving  up  business in New
Westminster and   going  into our
new store in Vancouver,
and in order to avoide the great expense of moving, will sell
out our present stock at great reduced prices to make room
for new goods, for the next sixty days
General    Hardware,    Nails,    Stoves,
Spades,    Axes,    Axes    Handled,
Axe    Handles,   Picks,   Mattocks,     Wedges,    Cook
Stoves.   Heating   Stoves,   Agate   Ware,
Tin Ware, House
White Lead,   Etc., Etc.
Cunningham  Hardware Co
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
Special Attention pen to the Mainland Trade.
Who carries  the  largest and best selected stock
of woollens in the city ?
His goods are all new and of the latest design,
and he
Guarantees a Good Fit and Workmanship, or no sale.
His prices are very reasonable, being from 22.00
up and you can depend on not getting shoddy goods
as there is none in his shop.
New Westminster, B. C.
D. S. CURTIS & Co., New Westminster.
Alarm Clocks SI.25, former prico S2.00.
Solid Silver, stem wind American Watch
$8.00, former price 918.00. Men's Gold-
Filled (guaranteed 15 year?) Waltham
or. Elgin, $12.50, former prico S18.00.
Rolled <>old Chains (guaranteed 5 years)
$2.00, former price $4.00.
30 percent, d'ocounton silvornnd
plot 0  goods.
Watchmaker & Jeweler.
Visitors and citizens to tho Exhibition will
seo tho greatest attractions lu tho
Evor shown lu WESTMINSTER at tho
Toronto Shoe Store,
Wo have studlod tho wants of tho
peoplo for a year, and we bellovo wo
know what thoy want, and havo tho
goods Solid, substantial lines from tho
bost manufacturers In tho business.
Prices to suit the times, and that means
at ligures unknown In British Columbia
beforo our advent. Wo havo taken tho
lead In that respect, and wo are going to
keep it.
DUPONT BLOCK.     -     -     SIGN OF THf BIG BOOT. w
All not Sold That Glitters
Colonkt: Mr. Valentino Webster, of tho
Ceylon Co-operativo Tea Gardens Co.,
Colomba. is spending a few days at Victoria In the course of a round-the-world
business tour. He was in South Africa,
his native land, one year ago, and knowing that country thorougly from end to
end, he expresses surprise that any number of sensible men should look upon it
as a desirable field for settlement. It
has, he says, no promise of a prosperous
future, and the rush to Africa which the
past few months have witnessed may be
attributed mainly to the extensive advertising of "cheap rates to the gold
fields," by which rival steamship companies have deluded the not-too-well-
informed class, who are their principal
Not only does it cost a great deal of
money to get to South Africa, but living
expenses there are high, tho labor supply
more than equal to the demand, and the
climate and natural conditions very
much against a foreignor. Of tho three
seaports, Capetown has been quite dead
for years and now offors no inducement
for additional population; Port Elizabeth
has grown slightly during recent years,
but has reached its utmost rational development, and Durban is hopelessly
stagnant. Inland, Klraberley tempts
with the glitter of its diamonds and
Johannesburg charms with tho fame of
its gold.
This of course brings the stranger to
Dutch territory, where no outsider���
Englishman, American or Canadian���
can hopo to contend against tho laws
whicli the Dutch have made for tho
boneDt of tho Dutch. It Is a paradise of
"old pioneers," and offices In thoUovern-
mont, on tho railways, telegraphs, and
In all other departments of public business aro reserved for themsolvos or thoir
There are no placer mines, aud tho
quartz properties, tho magnitude of
whose exports has filled the world with
wonder, are In the hands of vast corporations who work them systematically
and scientifically. Men of all countries
aro received as free miners, but even If
they do possess a little capital they find
it useless to them���small capital cannot
successfully battle against millions.
White laborers aro not objected to at
the mines���tho only place where work is
to be done���but they must tako their
chances with the native labor clement,
negroes who are used to the country and
the climate and are excellent workers.
Last year all the stores were overstocked
with assistance, and Johannesburg was
filled with prospecting experts, who could
not secure employment for a song.
In farming operations the Dutch havo
again secured the upper hand, having
possessed themsolvos of all the agricultural land, and cattle raising���tho industry for which tho best market is presented���is effectually disposed of by tho
multitudinous Insect plagues.
Crow's Nest Pazs.
Hugh D. Lumsden, of Toronto, who
has had charge of one of tho C. P. R.
parties surveying for the Crow's Nest
Pass route, has returned to Montreal,
bis work for this season being completed.
Mr. Lumsden is a distinguished railway
engineer in the service of the C.P.R. in
the Northwest, especially with the
Regina and Prince Albert railway and
the Calgary and Edmonton railway.
These two Important linos were built by
the Big Four, Ross, Mackenzie, Holt and
Mann, under companies organized by
themselves; and the roads when finished
were turned ovor to the C.P.R. under a
long lease. Mr. Lumsdon was the chief
engineer of construction on these roads,
representing both the C.P.R. and Ross &
Co., and managed to give satisfaction to
both parties. During the present year
he has also been engineer ovor construction on the Soo Pacific from Moose Jaw,
N.W.T., to the United States boundary.
The object of the Crow's Nest Pass survey, he said, is to find a satisfactory line
from the Crow's Nest Pass westward
through the Kootenay silver mining
country to the main C.P.R. at somo point
west of tho Rockies. Tho C.P.R. now
controls what was popularly known as
the Gait railway, running from Duumore
on the C.P.R. to the coal mining town of
Lethbrldgo; it also owns the lino extending from Calgary to Macleod, which
runs about as far to tho southward as
the Gait road. In British Columbia it
has a water and rail route extending from
Revelstoke to Nelson; aud other mineral
roads running south from the main
C.P.R. aro projected. The O.P.R. proposed new lino through the mountains
by the Crow's Nest Pass will leave the
main C.l'.R. at Duumore; follow tho Gait
line to Lethbridge; cross the country
from Lethbridge to MacLeod, a link of
about 20 miles to bo here built; enter the
mountains to tho Crow's Nest Pass and
reach Nelson and other British Columbia
points by the most available route. The
development of the silver region of British Columbia under tho proposed new
tariff in the United States, which admits
Canadian lead oro and galena free of
duty, will no doubt, bo very great; and
as tho United States lines into British
Columbia aro already bidding for this
mineral traffic, the C.P.R. may be expected to "get a hustle on" and proceed
with its Crow's Nest Pass road as early
as possible in tho spring. Somo thirty
or forty miles of the lino between MacLeod and the Pass are already graded.
The snows in early November brought
tho work of the surveying parties In the
Kootcnay country to a standstill, and
Mr. Lumsden states that they were thon
withdrawn for tho winter. With the
securing of tho Crow's Nost Pass tho
C.P.R. has practically got control of all
the passes through the Rocky Mountains
in Canadian territory; as the northern
terminus of the Calgary and Edmonton
railway, which they aro operating, Is
opposite to and controls the Yollowhead
Pass, tho only available pass that is not
already occupied.
Eurthguahes In Canada.
The shock of earthquake experienced
in and around Montreal last week, probably the worst ever recorded In Canada,
recalls similar events in the past In tho
Dominion. In 1870 an earthquake shook
Montreal and caused considerable alarm.
On Jan. 4, 1871, a shock was experienced
at llawkosbury, on the Ottawa river,
but was not reported from any othor
place. Thoro was a more extensive
earthquako on May 22, 1871, that prevailed from tho city of Quebec to the
western part of Ontario, an oven moro
severe one than that nn Nov. 4, 1877.
At Montreal thore was only one distinct
shock, preceded by tho usual rumbling
noise, and sufficiently severe to bo distinctly felt and to shake window sashes
and other loose objocts, causing them to
vibrato for several seconds.    It sccmod
to bo limited to the area along the river
St. Lawrence, extending from near
Three.Rivers on tho east to Kingston on
the west, in a direction transverse to the
St. Lawrence, extending from Ottawa to
the southern part of New England. On
Aug. 21st, 1879, there was a shock which
was felt through Lower and Upper
Canada. Another earthquake was experienced on Nov. 29th, 1880, and was
folt at Quebec and various places on the
Lower St. Lawrence and also at Ottawa.
There was a slight shock in April, 1880.
On May 31st, 1880, there was another.
This was an unusual period of tbe year,
and was felt throughout the Province of
Quebec. In 1882 an earthquake was experienced in the Lower Provinces, and
in March, 1885, a shock was felt throughout tho Province of Quebec. In April of
the same year one was felt at Murray
Bay and in Vermont. In June, 1887,
still another was felt on the Lower St.
Lawrence and at Quebec. Earthquakes
were quite a feature in 1888, there being
no less than four during that year. On
Jan. 11th the shock was felt throughout
Quebec and Ontario; in February there
was a very slight shock; in July another,
and still another iu November of the
samo yoar.
Brazilian Affairs.
Montevideo, Dec. 7.���News from Rio
do Janeiro Is that President Peixoto has
Imprisoned Baron do Santatecla and his
son, and will hold them as hostages for
tho rest of the prisoners now In tho
hands of tho Federals. The Brazilian
rebels of Rio do Sul aro besieging tho
town of Bago. General Isadora,recently
made a prisoner by tho Federals, was
wounded lu thu arm, aud the insurgents
aro threatening to shoot him. Peixoto's
Minister of War has telegraphed to
General Tavares, who captured Isadora,
that if tho lattor is shot he will immediately ordor tho execution of Colonel
Faunda Tavares, a prisoner in Porto
Alegro, capital of tho Stato of Rio
Grande do Sul. Tho Castihllsta soldiers
forming tho garrison of Santa Ana arc
ready to march to Uruguayana and join
General Hipollto and his forces.
New York, Doc. 7.���The Brazilian
cruiser America, which sailed from New
York for Rio do Janeiro on the night of
November 26, to fight tbe rebel Admiral
Mello's warships, is lying at Bridgetown,
Barbadoes, so seriously disabled by tbe
act of an unknown traitor among her
crow that she will probably bo unable to
continue her voyage for several weeks.
A cable mossage was receivod by Flint &
Co. from tho West Indies, late yesterday
afternoon, announcing that one of tho
vessel's valves, among the most vulnerable parts of a steamship's machinery,
had been purposely broken by some unknown member of the crow. The cruiser
Nlctheroy, which sailed from St. Thomas
on Sunday, continued hor voyage from
St. Thomas alone. After considerable
delay tho Brazilian torpedo boat was
towed on her way to Brazil this morning.
Washington, Dec. 7.���Tho Brazilian
minister said to-day, with reference to
Mello's return to the mouth of the bay of
Rio: "I suppose he has got tired waiting
for tho America and Nlctheroy outside
and ran iu to got something to eat."
Cause of Professor Tyndall's Death.
London, Doc. 7.���The Coroner's Jury,
in tho case of Professor Tyndall, to-day
gave a verdict to the effect that death
resulted from an overdoso of chloral administered by his wife In mistake for
j sulphate of magnesia.
Mrs. Tyndall testified at tho Inquest
j that after he had taken the chloral, Pro-
: lessor Tyndall jumped out of bed and
I exclaimed: "Get a stomach pump." Mrs.
| Tyndall caused Dr. Winstanley to bo Immediately summoned and gavo her hus-
battd a mustard emetic. Ho was also
given coffee. Ho became unconscious.
Dr. Winstanley did all ho could for htm
and later in the day he regained his
senses and recognisca and spoke to the
doctor. The latter worked over him all
day. Mrs.Tyndall gavo her husband the
chloral at 8.30 o'clock in the morning
and at 0.30 p.m. all was over. Dr. Winstanley testified that he had used an electric battery on Professor Tyndall. Had
his lungs not been disabled he might
have survived. Dr. Buzzard supported
Dr. Wiitsianley's testimony. He said
that Professor and Mrs. Tyndall were an
affectionate and devoted couple and he
was satisfied that the doath of the Professor was purely accidental.
London, Dec. 7.���The committee appointed by the Government to investigate
the action of the military called out to
suppress tho riotous coal miners at Lord
Masham's Featherstone pit near Ponte-
fract, reported to-day. Tho members of
the committee deplore the fact that no
magistrate met the troops at the Pontfl-
fract station, when they left the train
thero on August 7. It was also a mistake, they say, that the troops were so
divided that no one body was strong
enough to overawe tho rioting strikers.
If a force of adequate strength had beon
marched into Poutefract they think tho
necessity of firing upon the rioters would
havo been obviated as the miners would
not have dared to defy a superior force.
Tho committee also urges that an inquiry
bo made to ascertain whether soldiers
called out to quell riots may not be
armed with weapons less dangerous than
rifles. The committee was composed of
Justice liowen, Sir Albert Rollit, Progressive Conservative M.P for the Skip-
ton division of Yorkshire; and Richard
llaldane, Liberal M.P. for Haddingtonshire. It was appointed by the Government at the instance of tho Radical and
Labor members of Parliament, who were
insensed by what they considered the
recklessness of the troops In causing
bloodshed and doath among the strikers.
Chicago, Ills., Doc. 7.���Distress among
the unemployed is so great that every
night till I find lodgings on the cold floors
of the corridors In the city hall. These
are only a few of the great number who
have no place to sleep. Five hundred
sleep in chairs lu the Pacific Garden
Mission, from 1400 to 101)0 find lodgings
on the stone floors In tho cells at the
police stations. Last night It was announced that eight churches would be
thrown open to furnish lodgings for
thoso who had no other. Cups of coffee
and rolls will be given tho men In the
morning. This action was forced upon
Christian peoplo by tho fact that for tho
last month unemployed and unsheltered
lu thousands havo been crowding around
engine rooms and other placos whero
thero was heat aud shelter, begging for
a place whero thoy might bo protected
from tho cold. Harry Monroe, superintendent of the Pacific Garden Mission,
brought theso facts to boar npon the
churchos with tho result as described.
Hawaiian Troubles.
San Francisco, Dec. 9.���The United
Press correspondent at Honolulu,writing
under date November 22, per the brig VV.
G. Irwin, which arrived late this afternoon, savs: No possible knowledge has
transpired as to Minister Willis' instructions or intended action. The general
belief is that he came expecting to restore the ex-Queen to the throne, either
directly or by the Intervention of a
popular vote. It is also believed that
serious obstacles In tbe way of such a
course havo caused delay and reference
to Washington. Tho mystery and apprehension have produced a great disturbance and irritation of the public
mind. The tension is greater than at
any date since the Quoen was dethroned.
This is wearying, painful and distressing
to all the public interests.
Among the obstacles to the restoration
is tbe refusal of the Queen herself unless
she receives the strongest guarantees
that the United States forces will maintain her upon the throne, knowing that
she would otherwise be immediately
overthrown and possibly dealt with
severely. Again some 1,500 rifles with
ammunition are in private hands, cltiofh
Americans, ready to remove hor at the
earliest opportunity. Further, the Provisional Government aro determined to
maintain their position, yielding only to
actual war made upon them by the
superior forces of tho United States. It
Is well known that Admiral Irwin and
the officers under him aro reluctant to
make war, probably Involving bloodshed
upon tho American people of Honolulu,
their own friends and dally associates.
If tho American Minister persists in tlie
Intentions ascribed to him, he has a
difficult task and his own lifo as well as
that of the ex-Queen would be In the
greatest danger as soon as her Intentions
became known.
In an interview on the 16th, Minister
Willis said: "The whole Hawaiian question is now in abeyance, and nothing
that the newspapers can say or do will
alter the situation ono lota. I make this
statement on my own responsibility, and
in the hope that it will allay the present
excitement. There is not the slightest
necessity for any one to stay out of bed
at nights for fear of any trouble.fornone
will be permitted."
On the 18th the Minister said to a visitor to whom he refused an interview:
"When I am ready to carry into effect
my instructions I shall communicate
them to only two persons, one of whom
will be the head of the Provisional Government and the other the head of the
former Government." This was understood to mean that the Minister counted
the two persons of equal political importance.
The Queen's adherents are extremely
hopeful and expectant; but in a state of
great apprehension on account of the
excited and irritated condition of the
American party. The Queeu has, within a few hours, for the first time solicited
protection from the Provisional Government, and a police force has been stationed on her promises. Tho Government have Informally intimated to the
American minister that they are amply
able to repress disorder and wish no
troops to be landed.
The Star sets forth its motive in
attacking Wilson in the following
language: "Charles B. Wilson, thief and
paramour was the political lieutenant of
the Queen. In spite of his meagre intellect, aud the vice that festered iu
him, he had more to say about tho conduct of public affairs than had tho
cabinet itself. He was the dual brute
power behind the throne. To-day ho is
next to his ex-royal mistress, the foremost champion of the old order, and tomorrow, if some miracle or crime should
place Llliuokalani in power again, he
would attempt to dictate as of old to the
Christian and civilized community of
those afflicted islands. It is a fair question to put beforo the world, whether a
monarchy, which had such a bar sinister
as Wilson upon its coat of arms, not to
speak now of Its having been abolished,
could be decently revived."
The Annexation club have subscribed
tho necessary funds for the defence of
the editor of tho Star. Should any of
the suits come to a trial a large amount
of unsavory testimony has been secured
to prove the facts alleged and tho inner
life of the court will bo extensively uncovered to public gaze.
Victoria. B.C., Dec. 12.���The Australian liner Arawa arrived here at 8 a.m.
to-day. Immediately upon entering the
Straits she was boarded by the United
Press representative who gleaned the
following: Queen Llliuokalani has not
boen restored and there has been no
trouble at Honolulu. Such is tho news
brought by the steamship Arawa which
rounded Race Rocks at 7 o'clock this
morning and was tied up at Victoria two
hours later. She left Honolulu on .Monday, Dec. 4th, and was a fraction over
7 days making tlie run.
Severely Reprimanded.
Washington, D.C., Dec. 9.���In accordance with the findiflgs of the court-martial sentence which called for a public
reprimand of Lieut. Edward I). Bostlck,
accused of abusing a sentrv and giving
the countersign in a tono of voice loud
enough to destroy Its secrecy, Secretary
McAdoo has issued the following severe
reprimand: The sentence of tho court
in this caso, though deemed a mild one
for the offence committed, has been approved, and In carrying into effect so
much of the same as requires that the
lieutenant should bo publicly reprimanded bv the honorable the secretary of the
navy, tho department deems it proper
to call attention to the remarkable fact
that au officer of bis age, rank and experience iu tho service, covering a period
of 23 years, should display such ignorance of the duties of a sentinel, such
lack of respect for the sacredness of tlie
countersign, and such a thorough disregard of tho propertreatmeni of Inferiors,
charged with responsible duties. Of equal
Importance with the prompt and unquestioning obedience to tlie orders of a
superior Is the necessity for immediate
compliance with the orders uf an inferior,
who, while filling a position of trust
without independent authority, has a
most delicate duty to perform in compelling tho compliance with orders by a
superior in rank. It is accordingly enjoined upon Lieutenant Bostlck that In
his futuro contact with mon ho must
not fall to show himself a good example
of subordination to the discipline of the
Corner of Columbia ft MoKensie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings Bank
Has  been opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and one-half per c.nl.
Fimiture: and : itetaltii.
OrSN   "?'.Y   AND   NIGHT.
Telephone WO. Corner of
P.O. Box 58. Agnes & MeKenzie Sts.
COOKING,     \     Q
& HOY'S,
Dupont Block,  Columbia St.
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,   Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,     Crockery,
Lamps and  Glassware,
Klrwood, Dec. 12.���Frank Taylor and
Mrs. .Tamos Wilson, while driving homo,
woro struck by a Grand Trunk train, and
instantly killed.
IIiiiii, the tailor.
The abovo steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley, taking Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at llombrough's brick yard,
l'ort Kells and all other Intermediate
points. Parties anxious to reach Cloverdale and other points in Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often lind this boat
Leaves Westminster every day at 3 p. m.
except Saturday, when she leaves at
2 p. m.
Leaves Langloy every day at 9 a. m. except Fridays, when she loaves at 8
a. m. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits,   Great Variety of Household Artioles.   Also Grain, Seeds,
Potatoes, and.General Stores-
N.B.���Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission.  Orders from the
Interior promptly attended to.
Orders   by  Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
is published every Saturday, by
at tub orriCB,
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Bunk of Montreal.)
Subscription. $1.00 per annum, in advance
Transient Advektibmbnts���Ten cents per
line, for each insertion. AU transient
advertisements to be measured as solid
nonpariel���12 lines to the inch.
3onMEnciAi, Advertisements���in displayed
typo: Special rates, made known on application.
Professional and Businesb Cards���Not to
occupy a space of moro than one inch, and
set solid in uniform stylo.tl 25 per month,
or by yearly contract, $12.00.
Small Advertisements of Wants, Lost
Found, etc.. of not more than one Inch
space, $1.00 for threo Insertions.
itEADiNO Notices���20cents per line, each insertion, unless otherwise contracted for
Births, Marriages and Deaths���50 cents.
New Westminster, B. C.
Business Manager.
��hc  pacific  ��tmaMtm.
The Mayoralty election last Monday
resulted in tho return of Mr. Henry Hoy
by a majority largo enough to assure him
that he holds the esteem and confidence
of the ratepayers of tho city, whilo at
tho same time tho vote was sufficiently
divided to show that tho electors wero
earnestly endeavoring to select the fittest
man for the important position of Chief
Magistrate. The Canadian congratulates Mr. Hoy on his election, and believes with the majority of tho voters
that the choice was a wise one. The new
Mayor Is a man of practical business
qualities, and in the present stage of the
city's progress, with the Fraser River
bridge an Important feature of the noar
future, people look with confidence to
Mr. Hoy for good public service, and feel
sure that he appreciates and will faithfully endeavor to justify the trust reposed in blm.
Mr. Johnson made a good run, and
although unsuccessful, comes out of the
centcst with credit as an upright and
honorable man, holding the respect and
approval of a largo body of his fellow
cltitizens. Rather unexpectedly, Mr.
Sinclair polled the smallest vote, which
js probably to bo attributed to a too ready
desire to meet current popular views.
A', the public meeting on Saturday even-
in,! that gentleman yielded to the
apparently general demand for retrenchment by committing himself to a detailed
scheme of saving In the matter of city
offices. No one will question Mr. Sinclair's honesty of purpose, but the result
shows that it is possible '.o bo too candid.
There is no legitimate reason why every
city salary should not be at least temporarily reduced, but to go into details
on the eve of an election is doubtful
wisdom, for where thore are a considerable number of officials, as here, they
exercise a large influence on the popular
vote, and are able to manifest other
qualities than those of public servants.
Each has his circle of friends, and when
all are united bv common interest, a
power is induced that can mako itself
felt very effectively at the polls. Many
people who cry for retrenchment in the
abstract aro decidedly opposed to It as
affecting themselves or friends.
Howevor, it is safe to say that Mayor
Hoy and his Hoard of Aldermen, have
a clear understanding of tho public
temper, and a large confidence having
been heartily reposed in them, I', only
remains that they be given a fair trial
and a ready support in the transaction
of the city's business, without undue
urging and without needless carping.
At the last meeting of the Vancouver
City Council as reported by the Newt-
Advertiser a strango thing occurred. It
was as follows: Alderman Franklin, In
accordance with notice of motion, moved
that the service of the City Engineer,
Col. Tracy, be dispensed with 30 days
from date, and that un engineer be advertised for at S1">0 a month. Mr. Franklin spoke to tho motion at length, lie
went over his ground very thoroughly,
and his criticism was clear, lucid, and
seemed to carry with it a competent
knowledge of the matters dealt with. In
60inc twelve or thirteen specified Instances, lie explicitly accused the City
Engineer of neglect and Incompetency,
and In every instance appeared to fully
make out his case. Of course, tlie other
side Is yet to be heard, but here Is where
the strange tiling comes iu: No member
of tlie Council seconded Mr. Franklin's
motion, aud not. an alderman offered the
slightest objection to tin' truth of his
statements. The spectators applauded,
but the representatives of the people
were silent, and In significant silence the
motion was permitted to drop. Does it
mean that Aid. Franklin Is held iu contempt by his fellows on the Council
Board, or, does it mean that City Engineer Tracy stands so well in the good
graces of aldermen that they will not
accuse whore they cannot defend? In
Other words, is one man a fool, or has
tho othor devolopeu from servant to
master? Thore Is, of course, the other
alternative���that aldermen were egrogi-
���ously Ignorant of the matters submitted.
We who live in this law-abiding and
contented land of Canada scarcely realize
the length to which lawlessness and absolute anarchy has developed In other
countries. It is only when the would-be
destroyers of all law and all order find
opportunity to express their destructive
instincts by somo act of wanton ^barbar-
ity that shocks the civilized world that
the quiet-dwelling people of Canada get
a real, but transient, view of the desperate doctrines that are threatening society
in Europe, and to a slightly less degree
in the United States on this continent.
The explosion of a bomb in the French
Parliament a few days ago was an instance of this kind, of which particulars
will bo found in another column. The
nows of the outrage has created alarm
south of our border, where confederates
of the European vipers lurk in all the
largo citlos and are easily encouraged to
any villany.
The progress of tho good cause of freedom and liberty, has caused altogether
too much leniency to be allowod the promulgators of vicious doctrines, and
classed as cranks, men find sympathy
who aro on every count entitled to be
considered only as menacors of society
;, nd tho laws for Its protection. There
is a tendency In human nature to carry
all things to extremes, and It may be
oven so with liberty. It sounds paradoxical but it is true, that liberty may
bo the destroyer of liberty. The civilization that we who aro now living aro
wont to boast of, is not by any means the
first In the history of this earth wherein
liberty was a human glory. The Ko-
publlcs of our day are but a recast of
Republics that flourished centuries ago,
and aro now but a record of ancient history. It was not barbarians from without but anarchy from iwithln that destroyed Roman freedom. It was not tho
severity, but the looseness, of the administration of the laws that caused tho
downfall. Tho destruction of great
civilizations Is a slow process working
through tho centuries, and with all our
confidence iu the stability of our own,
who can say that tho growing manifestations of discontent and restlessness
appearing amongst all the nations is not
a repetition of Influences that have undermined the mighty of the past, and
swept away, with scarce a record left,
civilizations in kind with this of the
nineteenth century, and in their day
deemed full as stable.
Whether the hand of fato is upon us
or not, one thing is certain, that a timo
has come in the progress of society whon
all subverting influences should be met
with a firm and unyielding hand. Of
these the spread of doctrines of rank
anarchy is at once the boldest, and tho
least entitled to lenient treatment. The
aims of the anarchists are avowedly the
overthrow of organized society, and the
methods they resort to and endeavor In
ovory way to encourage aro so recklessly
bloodthirsty and so fiercely applied to
the severance of the ties that hold
humanity together, that the cranks, or
madmen, or human tigers, whichever
they be, are entitled to more consideration than rattlesnakes; and the law, representing society, should treat them
accordingly. It is not enough to wait
till a shocking butchery is committed,
and then put tbe law iu motion as
against common offenders. The man who
avows anarchist opinions has already
committed a crime, and whether It is
tho result of a diseased intellect or a free
will tendency to viciousness, that man Is
a menace to the public well-being and
must bo treated as such, if gross outrages and wholesale murders are to bo
prevented and the present order of
society protected. Other manifestations
of discontent with the existing order of
things are not so easy to deal witli, and
there are questions of rights and wrongs;
but it is not so with horrid, brutal
anarchy, and if the nations permit themselves to be harrassed and threatened by
doctrines of that character, It Is but an
indication that the process of decay Is
farther advanced than most people believe It to be.
A Pointer for Davie.
Montevideo, Dec. 13.���The result of
the recent election In this country has
just been officially declared. The new
Chamber of Deputies will consist entirely
of ihe nominees of the ofliical or admin-
! Istrative party.
The above, including tho heading,
which is the essential part,  is from tlie
j dally Columbian.    We arc willing to admit
1 thut that journal has more candor and
foresight than we gave it credit for. For
sonic months  we have   felt a growing
i conviction that on the Mainland of II.C
tiie next election would result In a complete clean-out of the Opposition party,
and that none but candidates of the Government party would be elected. There
was a probability, however, that the
Island Opposition would carry a constituency or two,  but wo bow to the
| superior knowledge of our esteemed
cotemporary, and not without regret
accept the prospect Implied of a Legislature consisting of Ministerialists only.
! The Canadian does not believe this
outcome of the elections will be a good
thing for the Province, and sincerely
prays that the Columbian may bo mistaken In its estimate. A healthy and
vigorous Opposition, we have all along
i maintained, is a good thing for tho
liini), the tailor.
Elsowherc in this issue will be found a
report of business transacted at a recent
meeting of the Hoard of Horticulture in
Victoria. It is satisfactory to note that
the matter of fruit culture is receiving
constantly increasing attention in this
Province, and that those in authority
are alive to tho largo interests at stake.
It may be possible to placo too high an
estimate on tho importance of fruit
growing, but to the writer of this article
there Is no Industry In British Columbia
that promises to bring wealth to the
Province to anywhere near tho samo
extent as growing fruit for the wide and
constant market on tho othor side of tho
mountains. If thoro is any product that
the soil and climate of Ii. C. Is adapted
for It Is fruit. Tho greater part of our
lands, even in the agricultural districts,
are not capable of producing paying
crops of roots or cereals. It is only In
tho "bottom" lands and river flats that
grain and roots yield profitable returns,
aud as the oxtont of thoso favored soils is
limited, tho cultivators of them can safely
continue in tho pursuits of ordinary farming and stock raising, the more especially as tho low lying lands are not usually
esteemed favorable for fruit growing.
Hut tho higher land, comprising a huge
area, is eminently fitted in soil and drainage for fruit growing, and for that only.
Usually the land is heavily timbered,and
can only bo cleared at an expense so
great as to render ordinary agriculture
unprofitable, oven though other conditions wero favorable, which they often
are not. On those lands ton acres In
fruit trees well cared for would give tho
cultivator a handsome living and "money
In the bank," while a whole section
In grain would hardly pay for tho cultivation, to say nothing of first cost and
onormous clearing expenditure. In hay
tho high lands would no doubt give fair
returns, but in this crop tho oxtont of
clearing required to comfortably maintain an ordinary family is so considerable as lo offer no encouragement to the
ordinary settler. Tho special advantage
of fruit is the small area that is needed
to secure a living income. Of course
thero is the objection of having to wait
five or six years for returns, but even
that is better thau to waste capital and
energy in the struggle to make a farm,
wait as long, and as like as not lose the
whole in the end, for tho heavily timbered land Is nothing but a burden to the
settler of average means.
There is, too, to be considered the fact
that the production of grain, roots, etc.,
has a local market only, and never can
be successfully shipped to outside points,
so that from these sources the Provlnco
can hopo for no income, whilo on tho
present lines it is only a question of time
whon the prodrction will bo greater than
the consumption, and then our farmers
must suffer. With fruit growing all
this is the reverse. A settler to ten or
twenty or even forty acres, instead of to
a quarter section, growing products to
sell abroad and bring money into tho
country with which to buy tho grain and
roots and meats of tho Province's agriculturists, puts a different face on tho
matter, aud opens a view of future prosperity decidedly cheering to contemplate.
There is no question but at the present
timo many B.C. settlers are burdened
with a surplus of land, which they aro
not able to clear and make use of and
upon which thoy have to pay annual
charges and statute labor, often at considerable strain. Plenty of industrious
settlers who could handle twenty or
thirty acres to profit and advantage, go
broke on a hundred and sixty. Unhappily there has been, and is yet, a
prevtiling belief that land is wealth.
Under certain conditions It undoubtedly
is, but those conditions do not attach to
hardly-struggling B.C. settlers, to whom
much land means poverty.
Tho remedy for ull the ills of settlers,
if they can be made on(y to see it, is iu
smaller holdings and better cultivation,
with as rapid an extension of tho orchard
as circumstances will permit. But tho
orchard must not be tho weedy, grass-
grown and wretchedly neglected thing It
has heretofore boon In this country, producing poor fruit and libelling tho fruit
quality of the Province. Just as potatoes respond to judicious cultivation, so
do fruit trees and the crop they bear,
and as well might one expect to grow
potatoes successfully in a field overrun
with potatoe bugs as to grow fruit profitably in a neglected orchard Infested witli
I slugs, caterpillars and aphis. In protecting against, and teaching how to
contend with, those insect pests, the
Hoard uf Horticulture can accomplish
Immense good. The members of tho
Board, no one can doubt, realise tlie Importance uf tlie Interests they are trying
to serve, and are keenly anxious to aid
and encourage horticulture in every
practicable way. They should be provided with liberal funds to push investigations, for It Is a fact that as yet all
Insect destroying decoctions are more or
less rxperinu'iitury, and nono of them
are the successful remedies they are represented to be. There aro besides too
many remedies recommended, which only
serve to confuse beginners. If wo woro
to ollor a suggestion, wo would say to
the Board of Horticulture, offer a bonus,
opon to the world, for the best and
cheapest all-round spraying and washing
mixture, and having reached conclusions,
appoint  a  manufacturer who  will be
bound to supply it to customers at a fixed
price. The State of Washington Horticultural Society is workingon that basis,
and with satisfactory results.
More is likely to be known anent the
Penitentiary scandal within a vory few
days. Tho result of Inspector Foster's
investigation into the affairs of tho institution has not yot beon mado public,
but no doubt the dismissal of guard Pat.
Flnnegan is only a mild sample of what
is to follow. The reason Mr. Flnnegan
was discharged, it is thoroughly understood, was because he was too much Interested in Mr. Foster's movements whiif
here making the investigation. It bas
beon known for years that abuses of a
most serious nature occurred at tho Penitentiary, and it Is generally conceded
that Mr. Foster's visit will have tho
ultimate result of clearing up many
matters which should have been attended to long'ago. Iu regard to Finnogan's
action, it is said that night and day he
dogged Mr. Foster's footsteps, and his
movements woro so apparent that it did
not tako tho inspoctor long to discover
what was in the wind. It may bo said,
howovor, that tho espionage was in the
interests of his superior officers.
The above appeared in Monday's Vancouver World ovor tho signature "Saxon."
Something very similar was published in
tho Columbian of this city a few days previously. Willie the Canadian has no
disposition to take part in tho troubles
that aro evidently tn progress lu the Penitentiary management, It seems only fair
to stato that tho guard Flnnegan givos
an unequivocal denial to tho charge of
acting spy upon Mr. Foster. There aro
usually two sides to every story, and as
no authoritative statement has yot ap-
poarod, Mr. Finnegan's denial is worthy
of some consideration. Tho one fact that
looms up through the whole business is
that tho Penitontiary officials aro In a
state of insubordination, and the sooner
tho Dominion authorities take hold of
tho mattor in earnest and reach conclusions, the better; and If a public investigation Is held it will give much more
satisfaction to people horo than an examination sub rosa.
A Bomb throicn in ihe French Chamber of
Hon. Mackenzie Bowei.l, Minister of
Trade and Commerce, returned by the
steamer Arawa from Australia, where
ho went in Soptembor last, with a view
to advancing trade relations between
that country and Canada. The Arawa
arrived in Vancouver on Tuesday, and
Mr. Bowcll was interviewed by a News-
Advertiser representative. Tho hon.
gentlemen spoko iu high torms of his
reception and treatment by our cousins
of the antipodes, who, indeed, have a
wide reputation for generous hospitality.
The Canadian Mlnistor was banqueted
and feted probably moro than he desired,
for he had a good deal of businoss to do,
and a limited time at his disposal. Ho
visited tho principal citlos, which are
very much larger than those of Canada,
and everywhere met with satisfactory
encouragement in his mission. Mr.
Bowell believes tho prospects of largely
Increased trado aro very promising.
Befoue the lato labor Conference at
Victoria passes out of discussion, it may
bowell to let It bo known that of the
four presumed delegates from this city,
only ono was duly delegated, and that
one, Mr. P. L. Mitchell, being appointed
by unorganized labor, had no volco In
the proceedings. Of the othor threo, ono
represented a non-existing Printers'
Union; another represented a non-existing Painters' Union; and the other represented a non-existing Bricklayers'
Union. It docs not appear that any of
the three attended the Conference upon
other than individual authority. If this
statement Is wrong in any detail we aro
open to correction.
Agriculture in  Great Britain.
London, Dec. 7.���A congress opened in
St. .lames' Hall to-day under the auspices of the National Agricultural Union.
The Earl of Wluchelsoa presided. Among
those present were tlie Earl of Harrow-
by, the Earl of Denbigh, Lord North,
Lord Radnor, and Oil member of tlie
Houso of Commons. Tho Karl of Win-
Chelsea suid that the resolutions that
would be submitted to tlie Congress embodied a large number of suggestions
that had beenyecolved from representative agriculturists all over the world
since the lust congress was held. Tho
nation was becoming more and more dependent upon food brought from foreign
countries. The consensus of public
opinion was that the navy was inadequate to protect the food supply in the
event of war. One causo of the distress
was the fall In prices duetn foreign competition, lt was necessary for tho producers to combine and ask, not for protection, but for fair play. Tho Eurl
moved that all Interested In laud should
support the Union. This was unanimously adopted.
Sir Richard Paget, M.P., moved the
adoption of a resolution declaring that
an excessive share of the public burdens
was borne by farm lands compared with
other sources of income.
Sir Richard Paget's motion was curried.
Paris, Dec. 9.���While the Chamber of
Deputies was in session this afternoon a
stranger in tho gallery throw a dynamite
bomb on the floor. As the bomb exploded pieces of metal wore thrown In every
direction. Deputy Lemlre and six other
were hit and seriously injured. M. Lemlre is said to be dying. The bomb
burst noar the head of Lemiro and instantly killed an usherwho was standing
near. An Amorican lady In the gallery
received a slight wound In the forehead,
and two other ladlos in the lower gallery
were Injured. A man who was sitting
next the bomb thrower was wounded.
All the occupants of the chamber were
panic-stricken. Bits of metal and horseshoe nails, which had evidently beon attached to tho bomb, were picked up all
ovor the house. Order was finally restored and business resumed.
Paris, Dec. 10.���August Vaillant, alals
Marechal, a resident of the suburb
Choisey-Le-Roi, Is tho anarchist who
threw tho bomb in the Chamber of Deputies yesterday. He made a confession
this morning. All last ovening the
officials of the Perfocturo were verifying
the statements rtnd examining the names
of suspects. The first name to challenge
thoir attention was that of Vaillant.
Several detectlvos said that this man
had long been known as an anarchist of
the extreme type, a ranter who had surpassed all his comrades recently In the
violence of his language. Upon searching tho records the officials found a full
biography of Vaillant, which justified
all that the detectives had said of him.
Four detectlvos thon went to the Hotel
Dieu and sought the bed on which Vaillant lay, suffering from many wounds.
In reply to their quostions ho said that
his name was Marechal, and that ho
lived at Choisey-Le-Roi. When asked
for moro Information he pleaded that the
shattered condition of his norvos incapacitated him for talking coherently.
At 9 o'clock tho Procureur of tho Republic and M. Leplne, tho Perfect of
Police, arrived at the Hotel Dieu. Aftor
conferring with the dotectlves they went
to Vaillant's bedside. The Procurer said
positively: "You are not Marechal, you
aro Augusta Vaillant." Vaillant started,
hesitated a moment, then blurted out
pettishly: "So I am. Yes, I am Auguste
Vaillant and I threw tho bomb, because
I have had enough of this blood-sucking
bourgeois society." He then told his story
with an air of bravado. He attended
the Chamber, he said, for the purpose of
throwing the bomb at M. Dupuy, the
President of the House. A woman who
sat next to him seeing him prepare to
throw the bomb tried to seize his arm.
She fainted in the attempt, but spoiled
his aim. The bomb struck the cornice of
the public gallery and exploded. Vaillant's injuries were so severe that he
fell to tho floor. When the panic culminated in the Chamber, ho tried, as did
many others, to escape, but was prevented by tbe janitors, lu concluding
j his confession Vaillant said: "I am sorry
I failed. I hopo others who will follow
me will be more fortunate. Long live
anarchy." When questioned in detail regarding his accomplices ho refused to
spoak. Ho admitted that he mado tho
bomb himself, llo took a small Iron
saucepan, Inserted In it a glass tube full
of acid, and then filled up tho saucepan
with nails and bits of iron. He easily
carried tho bomb in one of his pockets.
Vaillant further described tho articles
which might be found iu the apartment
last occupied by blm in Paris. This
apartment was in tho Hotel Do L'union,
No. 80, Ruo Laugere. where the prisonor was known as Marechal. Ho tried
to frighten the police bv saying that
they would do well to handle the articles
with groat care lest thoy explode. The
trunk, he added, was especially dangerous. Vaillant gave this information
piece-meal, interlarding his statement
with braggadocio and self-glorification.
After M, Leplne, the Perfect, was dono
with Vaillant, ho took M. M. Rolllor
and Meyerof the Police Department, and
tho Examining Magistrate, M. Clement,
to 80 Rue Laugere. Thero they learned
that Vaillant hud ongaged his room one
week ago. In It wero a quantity of
nails and a bumb in the form of a large
saucepan. This bomb hud been made, it
is thought, for uso in the Chamber of
Deputies, but was discarded for the
smaller one on account of its i lumsiness,
and tho difficulty of concealing it. Vaillant was among the spectators detained
in the Chamber after the explosion. His
right arm was shuttered, his nose wus
blown off, and his nock and chest were
lacerated. He still ..lifters much pain.
Vaillant will bo further examined tomorrow, lu the meantime the polico arc
hard at work making inquiries and
Deputy Leniier, who was badly injured by tbe explosion, was removed from
tho Chamber to his home in the course of
the night. His physicians say that he is
Improving, though at intervals ho is
motionless and speechless.
The woman who checked Vaillant's
arm when he threw the bomb was badly
wounded on the faco and neck.
Ottawa, Dec. 13.���Sir John Thompson
and Sir C. H. Tupper returned to-night
from Nova Scotia where they had been
for the past two weeks stumping tho
Province. Speaking to a correspondent Sir John Thompson said that the political outlook In tho Province was never
better for the Government in his opinion
than it is to-day. On tho question of the
Tariff the Province was sound.
IBLE���In Surrey, on the
wife of John Qiiible, of a
on the 14th Inst., the
"Assessment Act, 1888," & Amending Acts
Westminster,  New  Westminster  City
and Vancouver City Electoral
\{OTICE  IS  HEREBY GIVEN   that the
J_>    Court will sit as follows :
For tho Electoral Districts of Now Westminster City and Westminster:���At tlie
Court House, New Westminster, on Thursday, the -Stli day of Decembor, ut 10.110 a. m,
For the Eleotoral District of Vancouver
City :���At the Court House. Vancouver, on
Friday, the 20th day of December, at 10.80a.m
Dated at Westminster, tlie Oth day of De-
comber, 1893.
Judge of the Court of Uuvlslou and Appeal.
Queonstown, Dec. 10.���H. M. s. War-
spite, the giiurdsliip of this harbor,while
at torpedo practice out. at sea on Thursday, wus driven back by tho gale and
anchored in tho ovening between Roche's
Point and Kinsule Head. At 10 o'clock
tlie gule wus furious and tlie Warsplte's
position was so dangerous that the crow
were called to quarters.     The ship rode
tho gale until 2,80 o'clock in the morning) when all hands wero ordered to fish
the anchor, which had dragged. The
ship was perilously near tho rocks when
the anchor was lifted and the ship put
out to sea again, with tho anchor hanging to 20 fathoms of cable. The War-
spite behaved badly, rolled 12 hours in
tho trough of tho sea, and was barely
manageable. Tho lower deck was flood-
od and tho crow bocame excited.
Tho Orand Trunk Railway traffic earnings decreased 860,000 last woek.
A semi-official estimate of the danger-
anarchists In Paris and its suburbs placos
the number at six hundred.
London, Dec. 13.���Rt. Hon. Geo. Shaw-
Lefebvre, first commissioner of works,
will bo asked by the Houso of Commons
to erect a wire netting In front of the
strangers' gallery to prevent the throwing of bombs.
London, Dec. 12,���The St. James' Gazette says the Cabinet has deckled to
strengthed tho navy, but the details are
not yet settled. It is believed ��8,000,000
($40,000,000) will bo expended in tho construction of new ships. The programme,
It Is said, Includes the building of six or
seven battleships. The Gazette further
says the concession was made to avert a
Cabinet crisis. Mr. Gladstone and others
of tho Government aro opposed to it.
London, Dec. 12.���Tho body of Seadoc
Outriiin, Mr. Gladstone's valet and trusted factotum for twenty years, who mysteriously disappeared at the beginning
of December, was found floating in tho
Thames to-day. It was taken Into tho
Tower nill mortuary, whore an inquest
will bo held. It Is surmised that Outram
committed suicide. He loft Mr. Gladstone's Downing streot residence on the
night of November 30, ostensibly to moot
tho young woman to whom ho was on-
gaged to bo married. He did not meet
her and was not afterwards seen by any
of his acquaintances. It Is conjectured
that on that night or soon after he throw
himself Into the river.
To Establish and Open Up
certain Roads in the District
of Coquitlam.
WHEREAS it is nocessary to make and
open up certain new roads within tlie
District of Coquitlam ;
Bo it enacted therefore by the Reeve and
Conncil of the Corporation of tho District of
Coquitlam as follows :
That from and after tbe passage of this
By-law the Council pursuant to the Municipal Act 1802 enter upon, expropriate, break
up and use for roads and highways the lands
moro particularly described hereinafter, the
samo being within the jurisdiction of the
Council, viz.:
Road No. I���Lying, situate and being ou
Lot 231, Group 1, Now Westminster District, and more particularly described as
follows ;
Beginning at tho eastern end of Road No. 0
us described In tho Coquitlam Road By-law
of 1H02. thence running in a north-easterly
direction along the north-westerly boundary
of proposed dyko reservation to the intersection with the Coast Meridian. Said described line to be It)!'; feet rrom dyke resorve
and to bo the centre of a 33 ft. roud.
Road No. 2���Lying, situate aud being on
Sec. Sand (1. Township 40, and Lots 400. 404,
and 371), Township 311, New Westminster District. More particularly described as follows :
Beginning at a point on the westerly bank
of the Pitt River and on the southern
boundary of the N. E. h of Soc. 5, Township
40, thence duo west to the easterly bank of
the Coquitlam River ; thence south-westerly
along said bank to tliu line between lots3tio
aud 404 ; thence south to the S. E. corner of
Lot 3R0 ; thence west to the east bank of tho
Coqultlum River.
Said road to be 33 foet wide and said describod lino to bo the southorn boundary of
said roud from point of commencement to
tho H. E.corner ot but 470, Ihouce to terminal
point said described Hue to bo tho centre of
Road No. II���Lying, situate and being on
Lot 112, Group l, New Westminster District.
More particularly desert bed as follows i
Beginning at thu N. W. corner of Lot 112.
Group 1, Now Westminster District; thence
south along the west boundary of said Lot
112 to the intersection with the Pipe Line ;
thence west along pipe line Is ch. 83 links ;
thence west 800 South 13 ch. 43 links to Pitt
River Roud. Said described Hue to Do tbo
centre of a (JO ft, road.
Road No. 4���Lying, situate and being ou
Lots 3110, 305, 304, Ml, 302, 301, 374 and 378.
Group 1, New Westminster District. More
particularly describod us follows :
Beginning where the Austin roud leaves
thu western bountlary of Lot No, 305 ; theuoe
North to the Suuth-wust corner of Lot 303;
thence East to the Soulli-eust corner of Lot
871; Ihuncu North to tliu S. W, oorner of Lot
372 ; thence Eust to N. E. corner of Lot 878.
Said described Hue to be the centre of a 00
ft. road.
Road No. .7���Lying, situate und being in
Sec. 8, Township 40, Now Westminster Dls-
i trict, and more   puitleulurly described  as
. follows :
Beginning at u point on the north bunk of
Norili I'i tt Meudows slouch, whuro tho oast
boundary of Section s ini.ersucts it; thuncu
North uloiig suid east boundary to tliu N. E.
corner of suid Section 8 for a distance of 33
ch.; thence North 7�� Eastll ch. to intersection of Roud No.2 in Coquitlam Roud By-law
Said described line to be tlie centre of a
Oil ft. road.
Read. Ho. ti���Lying, situate and being on
Lots483and464, Group 1, Nuw Westminster
District, and more particularly described as
Beginning at a point whero the produced
eastern boundary of Lot No. 3711, Group 1.
Nuw Westminster District, intersects the
New Westminster and Pitt River Road ;
thence North along suid bcurlug of tho eastern boundary of suid Lot 370 to the S. E. corner of said Lot 370 ; thonce in a North-easterly direction through Lots 403 und 404 to the
North bouiulury of suid Lot 404.
Suid described line to be tliu centre of a
88 11. roud.
Road No. 7���Lying, slluuto and being on
Lots No. 4U4, 371) and 380, Group 1, New Westminster District, and more particularly described us follows:
Beginning at the point where Road No. 6
Of this lly-luw Intursects the southern
boundary   of  suid   Lot 404.   Group   1.   Nuw
Westminster District; tbenoe North-westerly to the point where the Southern boundary
of Lot 380. Group 1. New Westminster District, meets the Eastern hank of the Ooquitlam River 1 thenoo west along Bald Southern
bouiulury of Lut.3sll to u point ItiU ft. from
the Northerly boundary of the 0. P. Railroad ; thence westerly parallel with said
Northerly boundary 01 ('��� I', it. to the west-
urn tiouiidury of suid Lot 880.
Suid desorlbed lino to be the coutro of u
88 ft. roud.
This By-law shull take effect on tlie lirst
day or January, isoi.
This By-luw inuy be cited us tliu Ooquitlam
Road lly-luw 18113.
Rooonsldored and   finally   passed   and the
seal  of the  Corporation  attached
LL.S.f   this Eleventh day of November, 18113.
0. M. 0.
The above Is a true copy of a By-luw passed by the Municipal Council of tho District
of Coqultluni on tliu lltli day of November.
1803 A. D., und ull persons are hereby required to take notice that any one desirous
of upplylng to have such By-law or any part
thereof quashed, must make his application
for that purpose to the Supreme Court
within one month next after the publication
of this By-law In tho British Columbia Gazette, or he will bo too late to be heard In
that behalf.
R. D.IRVINE. O.M.O, \m
For thee I shall not die.
Woman high of fame and nam*;
;      Foolish men thou mayest slay,
, I and they are not the same.
Why should I expire
For the fire of an eye.
Blonder waist or swanllke limb?
Ia't for them that I should die?
The round breasts, the fresh skin.
Cheeks crimson, hair so long aud riohi
Indeed, Indeed, I shall not die.
Please God, not 1, for any such.
The golden hair, the forehead thin.
The chaste mbn, the gracious ease.
The rounded heel, the languid tone���
Fool* alone find death from these.
Thy sharp wit, thy perfect oalm.
Thy thin palm, like the sea fount
I     Thy white neck, thy bluo eye,
I        I shall not die for these alone.
Woman, graceful as the swan,
A wise man did nurture me;
Littlo palm, white neck, bright eye,
1 shall not dlo for ye.
���Douglas llydo In London Sun.
An Old Family.
Several years ago there was on old
family in Pennsylvania named Roth.
Indeed the long line of Roths was about
all the family had to Bhow by way of
distinction, and so muoh did they make
of the long branches of the family tree
and the Niagara of blue blood that had
in centuries past coursed through their
veins that people of the more rece-.t generations really began to think these
Roths wore of some account.
One evening thero happened to be a
party in the littlo town of M , and
beside the great Roth family the guests
numbered among others young Dr.
Sharp. He was a popular and rising
physician and considered by matchmaking mammas a particularly desirable
��� Mrs. Roth had four marriageable
daughters, so at the first favorable opportunity she cornered the young doctor
and sought to impress upon him the importance of her wonderful family.
"Why, doctor," she said, "we all came
over on the Mayflower, so I know you
will not think mo bold in asserting that
the Roths are really one of the first iaiu-
"Pardon me," replied the young physician, "but I have no hesitation in Baying that your family enjoys even a greats
er distinction."
"Oh, doctor," gashed the old woman,
giving herself a congratulatory hug on
her coming triumph, "Indeed you flatter us."
"Not at all," he replied, "for I know
yon are the first family."
"Who told you that, dear doctorr
"The Bible," he replied reverently,
"for it says the Lord was Roth."���Boston Budget.
Count D'Orsay and Lady Holland.
A story going the rounds is one told of
the famons Count d'Orsay. On the occasion of his lirst visit to England, while
he was very young, very handsome and
not easily disconcerted, he chanced to be
seated at dinner next to the brilliantand
singular Lady Holland.
That remarkable and many sided woman was in, as it happened, one of her
imperious humors, and her young neighbor soon felt its weight. She dropped
her napkin. The count picked it up gallantly. Then her fan, then lier fork, tilun
her glass, and as often her neighbor
stooped aud restored the lost article. At
last, however, tho patience of the youth
gave way, and on her dropping lier napkin ugaiu he turned and ealietl one of
the footmen behind him. "Put my plate
on the floor." said he. "I will finish my
dinner thore. It will bo so much more
convenient to my Lady Holland."���New
York Times.
Port Arthur, Dec. 13.���Charles W.
Hamilton, one of Port Arthur's most promising young business men, died suddenly yesterday of heart failure.
Tho Canadian Pacific Railway traffic
receipts for the weok ending December
7th wero 8380,000, and for the same
week last year 9439,000.
It Is currently reported that Sir Leonard Tilloy will be re-appointed Lieutenant-Governor of NewBrunswick,although
the claims of Judge Palmer and Hon.Peter
Mitchell aro strongly advocated.
Winnipeg, Doc. 12.���T. Rutledge, a
prominent farmer of Vlrden district,
died here in the hospital last night from
the effects of injuries received in a scuffle
a few weeks ago while coming down on
the train to Winnipeg.
Brantford, Dec. 9.���Edward Cameron,
su perintondont of the Six Nation Indians,
his mother, and Mrs. Edward Cameron,
have all been created chiefs of the Six
Nations. Both ladies were admitted to
tho right of taking part in any council���
an honor never beforo bestowed upon
any member of the fair sex.
Kingston, Dec. 11.���Charles Sangster,
the well-known Canadian poet, died here
on Saturday. Ho was born In this city
71 years ago, and in 1849 became editor
of the Amherstburg Courier, subsequent
to which he joined the press of Kingston.
His reputation as a poet was considerable,
and his writings as a wholo were well
Toronto, Dec. 12.���Mr. William H.
Rowland, ex-Mayor, and ono of the
most prominent citizens ot Toronto, died
this afternoon of pneumonia, resulting
from an attack of tho grippe. Tho deceased was a son of Sir W. P. Rowland,
ex-Lloutonant-Governor of Ontario, and
well known in many parts of the United
States, particularly in regard to his connection with all kinds of philanthropise,
temperance and religious work.
Montreal, Dec. 11.���Charles Prendergast, 11 years of age, was playing in a
snow house yesterday, when it collapsed.
Horo he remained for eight hours in the
snow, his companions having run away
when the accident occurred. Upon being
discovered and released the boy was
found to have sustained a broken leg I
and other serious injuries. He was j
taken to the general hospital, whero he
died early this morning.
Ottawa, Dec. 11.���At a meeting of the
Cabinet this afternoon,  it was decided
that the law should be allowed to take
its course in the case of Charles Luckev,
now in Brockville Jail, convicted of mur- j
der  and  sentenced   to  be   hanged on
Thursday, the 14th hist.    Luckey was
charged   with   murdering    his   father,
mother and sister near Smith's Palls and i
afterwards setting fire to the building.
He was acquitted first on the charge of
murdering his father, but again on being <
j arraigned on the charge of  murdering
1 his mother he was found guilty.    The j
j evidenco at both trials was practically
! the same.    At the last trial  he gave [
evidence in his own behalf and this is
; what told against him, not so much for
what he said as from the manner of saying it and his appearance in the box. Today his counsel appeared before the Hon. S
Mr. Oulmet, acting Minister of Justice, !
and made a final appeal but it was of no i
Mr. Frlpp, the architect, has recently
returned from Kamloops, whore he has
been inspecting the proposed site for tho
Old Men's Institute about to be orected
thero. An appropriation for the purpose
having been made this year by the Government, Mr. Frlpp was instructed by
Mr. Gore, the Deputy Commissioner of
Lands and Works, to visit the spot,
which he did, and in conjunction with
several of tho principal local residents in
that neighborhood, examined the ground
which includes 370 acres. There is an
orchard upon it, a good stream of water,
and a magnificent view of the surrounding country, thus eminently qualifying
the site for the purpose intended. Mr.
Fripp having obtained the work, is at
present buisily engaged in preparing
sketches, etc., which havo not yet been
submitted to the Government.
New York, Dec. 11.���Inspector Byrnes
has been informed that local Anarchists,
fired by the recent bold deeds of their
compatriots in France and Spain, are
meditating some deviltry, and has taken
steps to thwart their plans. Several notorious and desperate characters are being shadowed, with the hope of locating
the placo where tho explosives are said
to bo stored. Tho police refuse to speak
on the subject, but it is learned, nevertheless, that within the next few hours
every known anarchist in tho metropolis
will bo under police surveillance and u
special guard of detectives will be stationed at all public buildings.
A Ring on His Hande.
"Is Harkins worrying over the fact
that Miss de Riche jilted him?"
"No; but it annoys him exceedingly
to think that the ring she gave back was
purchased at her father's store and paid
for, too, by Jovel"���Harper's Bazar.
1 Bolt!
11 A. M. REV. P. McF. McLEOD. late of
St. Andrews Church, Victoria.
3 p. m. REV. A. B. BANKS, D. D., of
Everett, Washington.
7 v.   i. REV. P. McF. McLEOD.
The Faet Remains.
Miss Azure Hughes���I emphatically
deny that the educated woman is
ashamed to admit her age.
Oiglamps���But all the same I notice
she doesn't put her college year after her
name.���Vogue. _
On Tuesday
When  the above mentioned   speakers,
together with Revs. Lorimer, Weir,
and others, will be present.
Tea From 6 to 7:30 p, m.
Admission,       -      25 cents.
Boots <fc Shoes
Have just  received  a  magnificent stock of Men's and Boys
Boots and Shoes, direct from the best Manufacturers
in Canada.        Every pair is
We have also a great variety of Slippers���just the thing
for Xmas presents. The whole stock will be sold at the very
lowest prices, and money can be saved by buying Boots and
Shoes from Sinclair & Co., Columbia street.
Growth of the Human Heart.
Dr. Beuecke of Marburg has made
known his observations on the growth
of tho human heart, the fact appearing
that the increase is greatest and moat
rapid during tlie first and second years
of life, its bulk ;it the end of the second
year being exactly doublo what it originally was. Between the second and
seventh years it is lyain doubled in size.
A slower rate of growth then sets in uml
continues during the period of maturity
of other portions of tho body. After tue
fifteenth year up to tlie fiftieth tlio annual growth of tlie heart is about .UU1 of
a cubic inch, the increase ceasing about
the fiftieth year.���Leisure Momenta.
Royal Pin Money.
The Princess of Wales' long retirement has enabled her to save much of hei
pin money�����10,000 a year���and bring i I
up to a comfortable amount. In the pas:
Alexandra has had plenty to do witi.
that allowance, dressing herself most
elegantly, her daughters very much lest
so, aud fitting out tho boys. Times huvi
changed, her children have an annua
income of ��38,000 to divide among them
selves, aud the princess lias lived alooi
from London society since the death ol
her eldest son, thereby incurring but little expense for dress.���New York Advertiser.
"Neither is a dictionary a bad book to
read," says Emerson in his essay on
books. "There is no cant in it, no excess of explanation, and it is full of sug
gestion���the raw material of possible
poems and histories. Nothing is wanting but a littlo shuffling, sorting, ligature and cartilage."
German pnpers givo detailed descriptions of six statues recently unearthed in
a crypt under tho sacristy of tlie "Peter-
Paul Kircho" at Liegnitz, in Silesia. Tiic
Btatues, which are nil connected with one
another, aro supposed to represent upos-
tles, and to date from tho twelfth century. "    	
Queen Victoria's "Jubilee Book," the
volume containing the jubilee speechc:
and addresses, is 18 inches thick, has
leaves 3 by 8 feet and weighs 68 pounds.
An advertiser in a New York daily a
few days ago offered a reward for the
return of two sets of teeth and no questions asked.
Method is like packing things ia a
box; a good packer will get in half as
much again as a bad one.���OeciL
Melancholy Suicide.
Nanalmo, Dec. 9.���All  that will  probably over bo  known   of   the   reasons
I which   causod tho   unfortunate  Isabel
; Johnson to commit suicide was disclosed
! this afternoon  at the inquest.     Harry
j Wilkinson, her former sweetheart, was
the principal witness.     Questioned with
i regard to the letter sent Dy him through
| John Lang to the dead girl,  he said it
i contained nothing harsh or unkind,being
: simply  a  plain statement that having
! heard she was keeping company with
[ another man he would Immediately drop
her acquaintance unless she acted differently.   Witness said that he had been
going with   Isabel   for   the  past  four
> months, but did not think she was at all
; fond of him.
Questioned by tho girl's father, Wilk-
i Inson said that a week ago last Sunday
j he and Isabel had quarrelled, but that a
i few days later they had  made up again.
Mary, the youiiKer sister of the deceased, said she believed that Isabel was
; very much attached to Wilkinson.    The
j only conclusion it is possible  to come to
from the evidence  is  that  the unhappy
. child in u. moment of despair,  caused by
the receipt of her lover's letter, decided
to at once put an end to her existence,
hurried oft to a druggist,  purchased the
1 poison,  and   drank a  fatal dose without ever truiy  realizing what sho was
Dr. Praeger's post mortem examina-
��� tion proved that  her death  was  duo to
| the effects of an irritant poison,appareut-
I ly ursenous acid, the principal ingredient
in Rough ou Rats.
The jury returned a verdict: "We lind
that the deceased Isabel Johnson came
to her deatii bv her own hand by taking
poison, Rough on Rats, during a moment
of temporary Insanity." Tlie following
rider was added: "We recommend that
tho attention of the Provincial Legislature be drawn to the necessity of a restriction of the sale of this article, and
that none but druggists be allowed to
sell it."
The peculiarity of ihe sad affair was
the remarkable composure of the young
girl who, though not quitn seventeen
years old, after she had once decided to
take her own life, and even after slut had
swallowed tho fatal draught until she became sick, allowed nu word of what she
had done or her reason for so doing, to
escape her lips, though at about four
o'clock in the morning, shortly before
sho expired, she called to her sister as if
to tell her sometblng, but was unable to
more than gasp out her name and then
fell back in her bed exhausted, Tho
parents of iho deceased girl aro terribly
grieved at the. tragic ending of a child
who had always been a dutiful and
affectionate daughter. Tho father Is
unable to give any explanation of his
daughter's action. The evening she
took the poison she prepared his lunch
basket as usual beforo ho went to the
mine, ami appeared in her usual spirits.
London, Dec. 14.���Rt. Hon. Sir John
Lubbock, Hart., F. R. S., member of the
House of Commons for London University, president of the London branch of
tho Imperial Federation League, to promote union in the empire for defence and
commercial union, as nearly as lt is
practicable on tho basis of free trade
throughout the empire, tho first aim to
be the establishment of periodical con
ferences of the omplrc.
of Wall Paper.
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
G. F. WELCH  &  SOX,
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
In  White   and  Colors
These Goods are similar to  those  manufactured by  the late
New Westminster Woollen Mills, and guaranteed all wool.
624  &, 626  Columbia  Street.  New Westminster.
Campbell & Doherty,
NEW      W-FSTMTUSTER,    "B.   O.
The Cheapest & Largest Tailoring House
in the Prorince, employing at present
20 hands.
We make men's suits from $8 to $15 cheaper
than others, and yot malic more money than "the old
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors.
P. O. Box 405.
they are selling
100 lb. Sacks Shorts, $1 25
100  lb.   Sacks    Bran,    1  15
90 lb. sacks rolled Oats, 3 60
100 lb. sacks of Wheat, 1 5o
6 lb.  Boxes of Tea,    1 lo
5o lb. mats China Rice,   1 85
Hungarian Flour, S4 70 per barrel
9 tins Tomatoes, $1 00
11 tins'Pease, $1 oo
11 tins Corn,   1 oo
Ceylon Tea, 4o cents per lb
13 lbs Currants, $1 oo
All other Groceries at very Lowest prices for Cash
Don't forget the address:
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St
Soieiig New--Our List.
All  Wool   Business Suits S18.   Old price $25.
Irish Serge, heavy weight 820.     "     "    Sho to 85
Fine Worsted Suits. $:;"> to 835.      "      "    J85 to 45
All Wool Pants, -        $4.50.   "      "    88.50
The fact Is we would like to have a look at the
man who sells cheaper than wo do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoats
to order from $14 np.
Cloth sold by the yard.    Suits cut and trimmed If
you want to make them at home.
An   Immense   stock   of Beady Made
clothing for Men and Hoys.
.Samples and rules for self measurement sent on
Yon iiiTflnd us In the Cnrtls Block���the Store ilth the Granite Pillars.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets,  Doors,
Windows,  Frames,  Mouldings,  Honse Finish,
Mantels,   School    Seats  and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
&c,    &c,    &c.
Importers   of  Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber   accurately   Sawn,
Orders   Promptly   Filled.
D. L YAL <fe CO.,
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,   Music,   etc.
B.   O.
Oldest Business Premises in the City.
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try a Pair of $2.50 or $8.00 Pants.
A Fine Assortment of
Gentlemen's Japanese  Smoking Jackets
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   U1MTISH   COLUMBIA.   DEC. 16,   1893.
The Very Latest in
Waterproof and   Mackintosh Coats.
American Blue Riveted Overalls, $1.00 Per Pair.
Mens' Wool Ms, Nine Fairs for $1.00.
Leading Clothier & Hatter.
709 to 711 Columbia St.,   -  New Westminster.
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
i^     ONLY
This is a price that suits the times, and no home
need be without a good Home Paper.
Will find the Pacific Canadian the best medium to
reach the Public, as the Low Price, backed by earnest
friends in all parts of the Province, will insure a wide
circulation in every district.
It is the especial aim of the Publishers to make the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with"reading matter [to suit the
tastes of old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
(Continued from last weok.)
Laura's letter* were unanswered, tor
Muriel remained bitterly resentful of
the supposed treachery of her friend, and
reference to the night of the railway
tragedy was barred by the danger it implied to a member of the revolutionary
brotherhood. Donovan for some days
stood in constant apprehension of arrest
upon the deposition of Laura Kingdon ;
but as her first letter to Muriel contained
no hint against him, or reference of any
sort to the crime, and, further, as the
newspapers reported that there was no
clue to the murder���except the fact that
an hysterical woman.unknown, of whom
a very vague description was given, had
fled from the station just as the last ol
the lights was being extinguished that
night, and escaped in the darkness-^he
grew to believe that Laura had not recognized him, and that he was virtually
safe from justice.
The Hon. Cecil Chester made frequent
calls upon Muriel O'Connor. On each
occasion he asked himself what business
he had there, and always he silenced the
warning voice within him by the assurance that he came in the interests of his
friend. Lord Willmore, who was throwing himself away on a dangerous woman.
The said "dangerous woman," Miss
Laura Kingdon, had the dark side of her
life associated with the house at the
corner, and into that mystery Chester
felt it the duty of a true friend discreetly
to penetrate. Discreet penetration involved a diplomatic expenditure of time,
and no investigator with the least prudence or tact would be forever dwelling
npon the matter to be investigated. Such
course would alarm the sourco of information and seal her lips. Then what
more natural than that, in refraining
from dwelling too much upon his friend
and his friend's sweetheart���the latter
clearly a distasteful subject to Muriel
O'Connor���he should investigate Muriel
herself, and lure her confidence by professions of sympathy as cordial as they
were���though he would not admit it to
himself���veritably sincere? Many a
valuable hour did he steal from the
affairs of Great Britain and Ireland to
follow up these investigations in the
palm-shaded conservatory, or the dainty
drawing-room, whose large French windows opened on to the velvet-green lawn
backed by crest npon crest of rhododendron bushes.
Surely inclination���"interest" he called it���as well as duty led him to the
presence of this other woman, whom his
instincts marked "dangerous," but in
recognizing the risk he gave the more
credit to his friendly devotion to Will-
more. It was a noble thing to incur
danger for the sake of friendship, he
told himself; any sacrifice would be well
repaid if he saved Ernest from making
a fool of himself. But his true motive
was a craving for the society of this
glorious woman with the bright hair,
whose mellow brogue charmed his ear,
and whose sweet frank eyes enslaved his
He became reckless not ont of friendship for Willmore, but from love of
Muriel O'Connor.
One afternoon, as he lonnged almost at
her feet the while she reposed in a shell-
shaped chair of pearl and silver-green
plush, looking in the swathing folds of
moss-colored silk and yellow Irish lace
that composed her tea-gown like a fabled
sea-goddess, she asked after Willmore.
"By the way, Duiuon," she said���it
was a sobriquet which she had given
him���"where is Pythias? Why does he
not come here with you? Your friendship is, I hear, quite a proverb in society.
People say you are always seen together."
"I should be glad to have a few words
with you about him."
"And I shall be glad to listen, but indeed, I think there is not much fear that
he will be forgotten. If you should one
day take a wife, Hermia might grow
jealous of her husband's affections for his
"Women are apt to come between the
most attached friends, but perhaps I
j should not give my wife cause for jealousy of Willmore. You know, 'friendship is constant in all other things save
in the office and affairs of love.' If I
wero to marry I should love, and if I
"Well?   If you loved���"
"An unlikely thing with me."
' 'You are a cynic.'
"I have thought myself one."
"But if you did love?"
What spell was upon him that set Ms
heart fluttering, and made him falter
like a boy? His eyes were riveted on
j hers, and wild words came:
"If I were to love I should forget
; friendship, duty, even honour, I almost
She answered thoughtfully, still gaz-
i ing into his face:
"How fortunate for you that you do
| not love!"
He forced a light laugh. 	
' 'Ha, ha! A politician has no room in
i his thoughts for amatory projects."
"Bnt you have projects of your own
j that will interest me, I'm sure. I con-
i fess to being a little weary of the subject
of your friend. Tell me about yourself
���about this now appointment that has
been offered you���what changes are to
take place in the Ministry. Tell me
something of my poor Ireland, and
whether all the cruelties I hear reported
of Lord Furborough's Administration
are well founded."
And she led him on from point to
point, so that he seldom loft the house
without a sense of having betrayed the
trust which his chief reposed in him, of
having yielded up .State secrets under
the sorcery of a woman's smile.
Ami Dennis Donovan, lurking within
earshot of their conversation, took note
of many a thoughtless word that was
Bpoken by Chester without suspicion that
it reached any ears but those so white
and exquisitely sculptured which peeped
from a veil of Titian hair.
Chester never encountered the Irishman. Muriel was always found alone,
and their convorsation grew in earnestness with repetition. At first Muriel
throw Herself without scruple into tbe
task of drawing from this susceptible
repository of Stato secrets all she could
gain for tlio advantage of a cause dear to
er heart and approved of by her conscience; but as thoir intimacy increased,
and she became aware of Chester's real
love and trust,  she perceived that she
was playing an unworthy and treachor-
. ous part, and revolted from it.   The first
I sign of this was an opposition to the
i eavesdropping of Dennis Donovan.   But
this the latter overruled.   He compensated himself for his powerlessness over
her affections by an absolute tyranny
over her mind, and after a later interview with the politician, when she had
suppressed or turned aside from all poli
tical reierences, he drove her back to
her repugnant course with a short but
all-powerful reminder of what she had
to do, its motive and its object.
But Dennis Donovan, hearing part,
heard all, and while the growth of Chester's passion filled him with malice, the
Serceptible increase in the warmth of
[uriel O'Connor's response to that passion brought upon him the torture of a
bitter jealousy, which led him to strain
to the verge of endurance the coercive
power he held over her. And Muriel,
growing in regard for her trusting and
devoted visitor, and writhing under the
insolent dictation and familiarity of the
revolutionist, for whom, as the assassin
of a man she had once loved, she had
conceived a desperate abhorrence, turned
suddenly to Chester for protection, and
sought from him by direct petition that
which she had hitherto exclusively relied
npon Donovan towin for her by intrigue.
It was in the soft summer evening-time,
when Chester called upon his way to the
House, ostensibly to bring her some rare
orchids for the conservatory, but in truth
impelled by destiny to declare his love
and ask her to be his wife. On that
evening of all others he had no right to
be there; his duty called him emphatically to the House, where an important
debate was to take place, at which his
presence with certain precious State
documents was indispensable to his chief.
But behold him rushing into Muriel's
drawing-room.to steal half-an-hour from
his service at a national crisis for the
purpose of deciding the most momentous issue of his life. His private cab
was waiting at the gate in the garden-
wall, but he did not dare to trust his
all-important despatch-box there. He
brought it, with an apology, into the
drawing-room and placed it by the side
of his chair, explaining the nature of its
contents. This was not lo3t upon Donovan, who, as usual, was iu concealment
where he could hear every word.
Chester was pressed for time, his mind
was made up, his brain confounded by
the new charm of a pale, suffering, melancholy look upon Muriel's winning face.
He spoke out his love frankly, passionately, madly. He pledged to this woman,
whom he had known but a little while,
and whose life was a sealed book to him
still; his name, his loyalty, his faith.
He knelt at her feet in the delirium of
his passion, and implored her to take all
he had to give, and return him only the
promise of her love. His sincerity was
so palpable, and she had seen so clearly
to what his constant visits tended, that
she felt neither surprise nor distrust.
She caught the ardour of his feelings,
and, though calmer than he, she underwent some moments of deeti agitation.
Did she love him? No, not yet. Her
heart could not so soon be divorced from
the unworthy dead. But in time, in
brief time, she must respond to the intensity of his devotion, and love as he
loved. She realised this, she believed in
her soul, and her impulse was to take
this goodly gift from the hand of Heaven.
But she paused, and thoughts came to
her of things concerning her which he
should know.
She rose, and, going to her secretaire,
took from a drawer a petition praying
for the release from prison of Thomas
Murdoch, then undergoing a term of
penal servitude for treason felony.
"I am the daughter of Thomas Murdoch, " she said as she placed the petition
in Chester's hands. "If you love me so
truly, save my father from this living
death. Give him back to me, and, if
you still desire it, I will give myself to
She told a sad story of the "distressful country;" she told of her inherited
sympathy with the down-trodden peasants, and exalted her Fenian father into
a patriot as meritorious as Garibaldi,
Kossuth, or William Tell; she told how
her life was dedicated to the liberation
of her martyred parent, and how her
mission in that house was to advance
the cause ot her oppressed countrymen.
Aud Chester, delighted to have the
mystery cleared up with an explanation
consistent with the lofty estimate of her
character which he had formed, flung
away from hiin all political prejudice,
and undertook tho forwarding of the
petition for her father's release.
The petition was voluminous and numerously signed, and Beenied at first too
bulky to go into his dot,;.'itch-box. Sho
left him for a few moments to get it
bound up in a convenient parcel. While
engaged in this somewhat difficult task
she was joined by Donovan.
She knew that he had overheard all,
and expected some upbraiding; but he
remained grimly silent, merely offering
to prepare the parcel for her. She surrendered lier task to him, and returned
to the drawing-room, eager to have a
few words with Chester alone.
And there again they pledged their
lives to each other, tho condition of the
bond being her father's release, upon
which she would abandon to him the
present object of her existence, and become a simple, domestic, loving English
A servant brought the package to the
drawing-room. It was remarkably
weighty, but admirably compressed.
Chester got it easily into his deopatch-
box, and turned the key upon it and its
precious companions. He then took a
tenderly passionate leave of his betrothed, and started in haste for the House.
Muriel wandered back thoughtfully to
the drawing-room.
This step which she had so impulsively
taken was a breach of the covenant she
had entered into with tho brotherhood,
and the confession of her mission to
a political opponent might���probably
Would���entail upon her some serious
consequences. Donovan was there as the
representative Of her masters. He had
not protested against her action, He
had even assisted it. From that it
might be hoped that he���and through
him tho society���might not disapprove.
But his manner had been strange, and
Bhe felt it desirable to discuss the question without delay.
With this intention she passed into tho
library, whoro, as she had expected, she
found the conspirator immersed ia political affairs.
He affected to be excessively occupied,
and returned but short responses to the
remarks with which sho endeavoured to
start the conversation. He would express no opinion upon her conduct. She
knew the nature of her pledges to the
brotherhood. They might see (it to strip
her of home and means, or they might
not. It was in their power to do so. He
must make his report. His tone was so
quietly sinister that she grew heart-sick,
and rose to leave him. As she did so
her eye fell upon some folios of signatures lying by the side of his desk. He
would have prevented her from taking
them up, but she was too quick for him,
A glance told her that these folios were
a part of the petition Bhe had confided to
Cecil Chester s care.
A quick question, and from Donovan
an evasive reply, accompanied by a peculiarly fiendish smile, and her dark misgiving was confirmed. Like a whirlwind she rushed from the room and
from the house, and was soon speeding
towards Westminster, to save her lover's
Cecil Chester bowled along towards
Westminister in his private hansom at
a "spanking" pace, and arrived in good
time  at the members' entrance.    His
thoughts had been occupied so exclusive-
I ly with Muriel O'Connor that it gave
I him no surprise, as he stepped out upon
j the pavement, to see a veiled and cloak -
! ed woman's figure that bore a strong re-
i semblance to her in form and bearing.
i It seemed  only a  continuance of his
dream that every object should, to his
i fancy,   bear  some  suggestion  of her.
i But he stared in amazement when the
cloaked figure approached him suddenly,
and disclosed itself as Muriel.
She greeted him with a kind of forced
gaiety that ill concealed an excitement
which seemed to have deprived her of
self-posseBsion���almost of reason.
His astonishment at finding her there
was surpassed by the bewildering impression made by her strange manner,
so utterly different from that of the
calm, frank Irish girl from whom he
had so recently parted.
His first impulse was to conceal her
from the public eye, and the readiest
asylum was presented by the open door
of his private cab.    He simply handed
; her in, closed the door, and begged her
'��� to excuse him while he went into the
House.   He then instructed the driver
to drive into Palace Yard and await him
there; then plunged hurriedly into the
I corridor that led to the lobby, intent
i upon ascertaining how many moments
I he could spare to his betrothed.
;    Muriel O'Connor found herself driven
away in the cab, alone with the despatch-
box  that containod tho object  which
Dennis Donovan had substituted for the
petition in favor of Thomas Murdoch.
Presently the cab drew up in Palace
Yard, here was an opportunity. Scarcely pausing to think, conscious only of a
spurring eagerness to shun questioning
and explanation, she took the despatch-
box beneath the folds of her cloak,
alighted from the cab, and, making some
explanation to the man, walked rapidly
across the road to Westminster Station,
and fled home with her prize by the first
train that came along.
Meanwhile Chester had encountered
his chief in the lobby, ready for the momentous debate that was to take place
that night. The Right Honourable
Thomas Cruiksliank was highly primed
npon the ensuing question, and proposed
to lead the debate with a speech of
startling importance. He anxiously inquired of Chester whether certain notes
which had been prepared were ready to
hand. Chester replied that they were
safe in his despatch-box. He was requested to produce them without loss of
Remembering that he had left the box
in his cab, Chester rushed through the
hall to Palace Yard, his mind torn between anxiety about the debate and
solicitude for the woman he loved.
There stood the cab according to orders,
the high-mettled gray impatiently pawing the stones. With an apology for delay upon his lips, and his mind hastily
preparing explanations and excuses for
the inevitable postponement of an interview, Chester looked into the cab.
It was empty.
Muriel O'Connor was gone, and a
second glance told him that the despatch-
box was gone also.
He pansedjhunderstruck; then turned
to the coaciiman and made breathless
inquiries. Tiie man was startled by his
master's pallor and extreme discomfiture,
and gave quickly aud concisely an account of the cloaked lady's proceedings.
"0, it's nil right I" cried Chester, with a
sickness of misgiving at his heart. He
darted off in pursuit of the fair robber.
Rushing like a madman from point to
point, he traced Muriel to the Westminster Station, and returned, staggering
in hia distress, like a drunken man, to,
the pm-ence of his chief.
Mr. Cruikshnnk Heard with feelings of
the ntiuosi dismay and indignation "that
the docuui win upon which he relied for
the opening of the debate had been mislaid, lost, stolen by some unknown hand.
The absence of these papers was a serious
matter; to their aid he looked for some
of the chief points in his speech, and,
knowing tho opposition to bo encountered, lie trem bled for the fate of the Bill if
it were badly introduced.
With calm severity he requested
Chester to seek for and recover the
papers at all costs, hinting, as Chester
knew lull well, that if they fell into the
hands of the Opposition it would be a
very serious matter to the Ministry.
Chester professed to have a clue; let him
follow it without a moment's delay.
Crushed and mortified, the young
secretary left the House, and was borne
at a furious pace back to the villa at Regent's Park.
Muriel had got the start of him by
some five-and-twenty minutes, and her
horse was an iron one, its breath of steam.
But the train rumbled tediously from
station to station, and as she Bat contemplating the fast-locked despatch-box,
a new horror took possession of her.
A young mother and several sweet little
children got into the compartment. One
little baby girl toyed waywardlv with
the horrible thing. With a shuddering
impulse Muriel thrust tho child away,
and its mother drew it to her bosom in
resentment of the seeming unkiudness
of their fellow-passenger. With staring
eyes and a soul shaking with apprehension, Muriel journeyed on, watching
with a terrified fascination this simple
structure of leather and metal.
It grew before her gaze into hideous
proportions; it seemed to her a veritable
thunderbolt of doom, threatening a desperate death to herself and many, many
joyous and innocent creatures; and of
those who entered and who departed
from the carriage, not a few thought her
insane as they watched her drawn and
ghastly features.
That box I that box I Her heart beat
furiously; her tongue clave to the roof of
hor mouth; her eyes seemed starting
from their sockets. Should she leave it
and flee? No; for its contents, Chester
had told her, were priceless.
For this reason she dared not hurl it
from tho window, as she rose in desperation more than once to do; and she was
further deterred from this extreme
measure by a fear of precipitating a
calamity which she believed to be imminent.
No, she must get it home, this terrible
thing, and there break open the lock
and extract the contents.   A few min
utes more and she would be at her
journey's end. God grant she might
not reach her home too late I It was only
a question of time, but the actual hour
of peril was unknown to her, and she
was conscious only that death drew
nearer and nearer as the moments fled
ou suspicion op wmruL murder,
With a heart full of heaviness and
dread, bnt withal greatly relieved by the
departure of her sister to another land,
Laura Kingdon closed the house at Wapping and set out for Muriel O'Connor^.
Clutched fast beneath the folds of a
cloak she had borrowed from Dorothy,
she carried the Oriental dagger which
she knew had hung upon the wall of
Muriel's drawing-room. I�� must be instantly and secretly restored. She did
not reason about this, or weigh any
measures of precaution; but, goaded by
an impulse blind and fateful, rushed
forward to the accomplishment of her
Alighting from the end of the train
near the spot where Ralph Kestrel had
been struck down, Bhe paused a moment
to piece together in her mind what she
had heard from Dorothy and read in the
papers into a possible picture of the
tragedy. Sho succeeded only too well in
realising the incidents as they might
have occurred, with this vital difference,
however���that she saw no vengeful
figure of Dennis Donovan, but only the
frenzied, despairing aspect of her sister
in the act of turning the assassin's knife
against himself. That Ralph Kestrel
had been the intending assassin, or that
he at least had threathened Dorothy with
this weapon in order to subdue her more
utterly to his will, Laura had not a
doubt. How else should Muriel O'Connor's dagger come into concealment
among the sunflowers of the garden on
the Wapping shore?
It had hung in Muriel's drawing-room
npon the evening of the murder. Laura
was positive she had seen it there when
dusting among the nicknacks during the
morning. Ralph Kestrel must have
taken it with him to frighten Dorothy,
and in a moment of madness, in a struggle perhaps, Dorothy had gained possession of the weapon and plunged it into her persecutor's heart; then fled with
it, all reeking with blood, to her home���
Heaven only knew how I���and had probably hurled it in horror from her window into the garden below.
And as Laura pictured to herself her
unhappy sister's agony that night, the
shame of abandoning her home strong
npon her, the remorse for the wrong to
her husband, the anxious waiting for
her tardy lover, the bitter words which
had doubtless passed between them���
Dorothy pleading for release from the
unholy spell he had cast about her, Kestrel perhaps upbraiding her with caprice,
and urging her tothe consummation of
her sin -the desperation of that awful
blow in the midnight shadows, the fearful consciousness of the irreparable
deed, the long, long flight back to the
forsaken borne, and the devil-haunted
oblivion of the  subsequent stupor  of
sleep in which Laura had found her���as
Laura Kingdon pictured all this, her
soul wus filled with a great yearning
pity for the sister, more sinned against _
than sinning, from whom she had part- **
ed,perhaps forever, so coldly and so fearlessly. Wrapt in the saddest thoughts.
Laura made her way to the exit-gute of
the station.
She wan the last person to pasB through,
and the official who guarded tlie barrier
scanned her with an eager and startled
eye. For a moment he hesitated; then,
as she passed up tho stairs, he beckoned
energetically to an individual of commonplace appearance who was lounging close
at hand. The lounger instantly became
alert, and started to his feet with sudden
alacrity; he was at the, collector's side
in a moment.
"Seen some one like?" he asked.
"I'm blessed it it ain't herl" answered
the railwayman, quivering like a jelly
with excitement.
"Where?   Which?"
"Yonder���top o' the stairs. Her with
the cloak down to her heels. I'd swear
to that cloak anywhere. It caught in
this 'ere n nil as she was a-rushing through
that night, and a piece was torn clean
out. It's the piece what 1 took to the
perlice-station. And the hole's in the
cloak still���she ain't even tried to sew it
up. I saw it plain just now���as plain
��� as���"
"Did you recognize her face?"
"She looked me straight in the eye, as
bold as brass. Yes, I'd swear to the face
' 'Good 1   I'm after her."
And away sped the detective on tho
heels of Laura Kingdon.
Unaware that Bhe was followed, Laura
hastened towards Muriel's house,   and
certainly  thero was something highly,
suspicious in her hurried pace and seeming desire to avoid observation.
The detective felt certain that a stroke
of luck had befallen him, and having
watched her enter at the gate of the
"house at the corner," requisitioned the
services of the constable on the heat, and
was assisted by him with a ' 'leg-up" to
surmount the high garden-wall.
"It's all right, Jim," ho said, as he
glided down on the inner-side. "You go
now and ring at the bell, and ask civii-
like for the lady of  the house.   The
; name'B on the gate-post.    Look sharp I"
With the footfall of a cat, the detective
dived among the bushes that skirted the
lawn, and made straight  for an open
, French window.
Laura Kingdon upon being admitted
: to the premises, had briefly inquired for
Miss O'Connor, and, learning that she
was ont, proceeded at once to the drawing room. No one was there. Theconser-
jvatory, too, was untenanted; likewise
the library.   And there, in the corner by
I the window, hang the empty sheath be- UI
longing to the dagger which she ciutcn-
ed within the folds of Dorothy's cloak.
In an instant she drew it forth and attempted to replace the deadly thing; but
she had reversed the curved blade, and
there was some difficulty in adjusting
A shadow glanced across the everting
sunlight which lay along the floor; she
did not notice it; but she started violently and littered ascreaia of dismay as
a firm hand thrust her aside, and the
hard dry voice of a strange man, who
seemed to have been corporealised from
the air, remarked:
"Let mo help you, miss."
"What are you doing here?" sheasked
The detective did not reply, bnt with
much interest took down from the wall
tho curious Oriental dagger, just as it
was, with the curved blade, wrong way
about, wedged into the sheath.
"How dare you touch that?" cried
Laura. "What business have you here?"
Again no reply.   The stranger put the
dagger, sheath and all. intoa side-pocket
of his coat, and from the breast thereof
drew forth a small notebook and pencil
Laura indignantly rang the bell.
The stranger spoke for the first time.
"Thanks, my dear," he said.   Then
, touching her ou the shoulder, he added,
' T arrest jiou on suspicion of murdering
j Ralph Kestrel."
"Who is this man?"  asked Laura of
the housemaid, who entered in reply to
, the bell.
There came the sound of hurrying
feet, the voice of Muriel O'Connor asking eagerly for Mr. Donovan.
He had left the house���taken his portmanteau and gone away soon after she
had herself departed. Muriel was in
despair. She rushed into the drawing-
room with Cecil Chester's deBpatch-box,
and came face to face with the officers
of the law.
"The thief doth fear each bush an
officer," and Muriel O'Connor felt and
looked the guiltiest of women thus, as
she supposed, caught red-handed. It
naturally occurred to her that Chester
had set the telegraph in motion to secure
her immediate arrest.
She did not even see Laura Kingdon
in the first consternation of finding tho
police waiting for her in her own drawing-room, nor was Laura's presence welcome when it was recognized. She ignored her absolutely, and began to pour
into the ears of the puzzled "D 932" a
statement of the motives that actuated
her in borrowing the despatch-box, which
she set down upon the center-table, and
a disclaimer of any intention to rob its
owner, or to prejudice his rights in it.
Muriel was so agitated and incoherent
that they could make nothing of what
she said, and the detective came to business brusquely:
"Don't know what you mean,
ma'am. I've nothing to do with your
box.   Do you know this lady?"
"Yes, I know her: she is Miss Laura
"Ex���actlyl   She lives here?"
"She used to live here."
"Well, now I've got to find her another
lodging. You may ask for her, ma'am,
at Marylebone Lane till to-morrow
Muriel became speechless. She stared
at Laura's pale face.
' 'I am arrested," said Laura.
"That's the short of it, ma'am. The
rail way-station affair."
"The what?"
"The murder on the Underground,"
said the detective, drawing Laura to the
"They charge me with killing Ralph
Kestrel," explained Laura.
Muriel seized her arm:
"And you are going to prison���you
are going to be tried for the crime?"
"How can I help myself?"
Y'Tell them you are innocent."
fl cannot tell them that."
"You do not mean that you actually
killed him, and not���"
"Hush! I will be answerable for
Ralph Kestrel's death."
There was a serene heroism in the
I'm sure I don't know, miss.   How j girl's face as she lifted it to Muriel with
did you get in, sir?"    _^^^^^___
"Never mind that. The young lady
can have my card. Most 'appy. Here
it is, miss���'Joe Shorter, Scotland Yard.'
That address may exulain my business���
yes, I see it does. Sit down, miss; take
it easy. All shall be done quiet and
Laura reeled into a chair, her cheeks
blanched to the hue of the white azalea
that bloomed on the cabinet near her.
The housemaid stared at her open-
"What is your name, miss? You
needn't answer unless you like; whatever you Bay will be used in evidence
against you." The detective put the
query and explanation in a calm, busi-
liess-like. bnt none tiie less exultant tone,
and, seating himself at the centre-table,
prepared to write.
"Why, it's Miss Laura!" broke in the
housemaid; "but what business is it of
' 'Miss something Laura, or Miss Laura
something?" asked the detective imper-
"My name is Laura Kingdon," answered the subject of this interrogation.
"What do you want with me?"
"Thank you, miss���one moment,
please. 'Laura Kingdon,' eh? Reside
"Here?   I���no���yes."
" 'No, yes'���exactly: thank you. We'll
say 'of this address.'" Then to the
housemaid: "Who is the 'O'Connor'
mentioned on the gate���gentleman or
"I'm not a-going to tell yon," replied
the abigail.
"Then this is not Miss O'Connor, I
suppose?" watching the girl's face as he
���asked the question.
"I am not Miss O'Connor," said Laura.
"That will be sufficient for the present.
Mary"���addressing tho wonder-stricken
maid���"ask that gentleman in uniform
you've just answered the bell to, to step
in here. I hope you've no objection,
miss?" with a hard smile at Laura.
This was too much for the servant.
"But there is objections, Mr. Who-
ever-you-are���very much objections;
and like your imperence a-giving orders
before a lady's face to show tl.at feller
inhere! My mistress wouldn't let me
have him into the kitchen, beg her ever
so hard, just for five minutes by the
clock; and do you think I'm going to
bring him into the drawing-room to
please you?"
"Who is the person?" asked Laura in
a faint but firm voice.
"Why, it's that unpleasant 'D 932,'
miss," replied the maid; ' 'and which I've
told him as it ain't no good his toiler -
iug me, for mother won't hear of me
marrying a policeman."
"That will do, Sarah. The officer can
wait in the hall, while I speak a few
words with this person."
The maid withdrew, "all of a tremble,"
as she expressed it to the cook, aad
approached the detective.
"What do you want to do with mo?"
she asked.
"Well, miss," said the detective comfortably, "I'm juBt going to take you
*-   Marylebone   Lane   police   station,
these words. The detective observed it,
and began to feel a misgiving that some
mistake had been made. His manner
was much more gentle and courteous as
he requested Laura to accompany him
without further delay.
Laura, forgetting for the moment the
crime of which she accepted accusation,
and anxious to be reconciled to her
whilom friend, approached Muriel and
offered to embrace her, saying:
' 'Do not think hardly of me, whatever
But Muriel recoiled from her fiercely.
"Think hardly of you! What can I
think but the worst? What do I know
of you? Traitress! Murderess! Go to
prison, to the scaffold! I will never
look upon your false face again!"
Then Laura broke into tears, and with
a choking "God forgive you!" allowed
herself to be led away. And Muriel, left
alone, paced wildly to and fro in the
drawing-room thinking of a dead lover
and a presumedly false friend, to the exclusion of Dennis Donovan and of Cecil
Chester, whose despatch-box lay upon
the table.
where   you'll   be   looked    after   for
the night till you see the magistrate . in
the morning, and don't you ask me any
j more questions, for I mustn't answer
! them."
She uttered no protest, no word, but
| stood there cold and white, as if turned
I to marble.
Mr. Joseph Shorter went to the door
I and gavo a low whistle. It was answered immediately; "D 932" made his appearance.
In the darkness of the night, softly relieved by the myriad stars that spread
over the heavens, the old brigantine the
Wanderer left her moorings, and dropped
down the river with the tide. Captain
Ben Dundas stood in the bow with the
pilot, who from time to time issued instructions to tbe boatswain or the man
at the wheel.
Dorothy lay tossing restlessly in her
berth in the Captain's cabin. She could
not sleep. The warm night, the cramped proportions of the Btate-room, the
smell of tar, the constant rattle of ropes
and chains, and tramp of sailor's feet on
the deck above, tho shrill pipe of the
boatswain's whistle, the shriek of steam-
tugs, the splash of the water against the
sides of the ship, and, worse than all, a
more than suspicion of cockroaches,
kept her wide awake.
At last she rose, dressed herself, and
went on deck. How lonely and dismal
it seemed, even here in the Thames within hail of shore! What a melancholy
prospect was in the long, weary voyage
aci oss the Atlantic in this old vessel!
Her mind reverted to the lot which
would have been hers if she had fled from
her husband and become Ralph Kestrel's
mistress, Ralph Kestrel had exercised
i a powerful magnetic influence over her
' in his life, Ho had possessed that mys-
I terious power of compelling her mind to
obey hie own even in separation, and it
was this control to which she had yielded
on the night of her brief aud ill-fated
flight from home. Since his death she
had not felt that strange spell. That he
no longer lived to torture her, Laura had
contrived to keep from her knowledge,
and Dorothy sometimes had a dread of
that influence being renewed. But on
this night, as they drifted down between
the gloom-enveloped shores, with the
dull, turgid waters all around them, she
looked for a return of Kestrel's fascination in vain.
She certainly loved him no more���if
she had ever really loved him. Her heart
was wholly with her husband, and save
for that sad, cold parting with Lanra,
she would have felt happy in the prospect of a voyage with him in spite of the
dullness, the noises, smells, cockroaches,
and other inconveniences. But Laura's
strange manner in leaving her, the absence of any reluctance to let her go���
nay, the eagerness with which Laura had
in the last moments hastened her departure���weighed upon Dorothy's mind,
Laura's eyes turned to the constable, I and she crouchod against'the bulwarks
I nnd she shuddered as at the approach of
"Now miss," said the detective, "you
I must come along with us;  my business
I is to walk you through the streets.    If
1 you come quietly,  I don't  want to do
anything unpleasant."
"Do with ine ns you please."
Her voice had a in Hilled sound; she
appeared helpless and hopeless.
"There are folks its prefer to ride,
miss," suggested Mr. Shorter; "and
there's no particular harm in that, as
I can see. Would you like the maid to
fetch you a cab?"
"Thank you, do as yon think best, "she
I replied.
under the lee of the deck-house, and
conned over all possible things that could
have built up the barrier between Laura
and herself. And as the black river-
craft glided past, and the shore-lights
glimmered and faded, she thought once
more of that horrible dream which she
had recounted to Lanra���tho dream in
which Ralph Kestrel lay dead; and another vision rose with it in her memory
���a vision of a fierce, vengeful face and
a gleaming dagger.
As this image grew in vividness before
her morbid fancy ahe was startled by
the sharp crack of a lucifer-match close
by, and, glancing round from her sheltor
behind the deck-house, she beheld that
very face illumined in the bright flame
by which Dennis Donovan was m the
act of lighting his pipe.
Before he threw away the match, Donovan raised it in the still night afF to
survey the deck in his immediate neighbourhood. Dorothy shrank back unobserved, but not before Bhe had soon and
fully recognized the forocious wild-beast
eyes of the assassin of Ralph Kestrel,
And with this recognition came back
all the circumstances of that night: the
death-struggle, the mortal thrust of the
knife, her face-to-face encounter with
the murderer, her flight, a pursuit, as
she supposed, and an escape which remained still vague and incomprehensible.
Dennis Donovan smoked on, in lonely !
meditation, through the watches of the [
night, and hour after hour did Dorothy I
Dundas lie crouched within a few yards
of him watching,  watching, ever with
the stealth and constancy of Fate.
Morning came, gray and yellow and
red: the fresh bright morning, with a
faint fragrance of the sea. The Wanderer lay at anchor off Gravesend. Such
light breeze as there was could render
her no service, Donovan went below
and turned in when the str 'S had faded
out and daybreak gleamed i ion the wet
decks; and Dorothy, s* i. ering with
more than the biting rawness of the
morning air, crept to her husband's side,
and fell asleep in the grateful shelter of
their cabin.
They were still waiting for the wind
when she woke again. The sun was
high in the heavens, and Captain Dundas
stood by her bunk with some breakfast,
and the morning's newspaper, which
had been brought off in a boat from the
shore and had not yet been opened, the
Captain not caring over-much to spell
out matters that chiefly concerned landsmen.
"There little woman," said Dundas,
depositing the coffee and sundries within
easy reach. "It's 'most time you roused
up and took in sorne cargo. We're still
lying off-shore, and if you'd like to send
a letter to sister Laura, now's your time,
for we shan't Bail until the wind changes.
Here's the London newspaper, too, as
you may like to see. Anything else you
want, think you?"
Assured that the breakfast, the newspaper, and the other supplies were adequate, he went on deck, and Dorothy,
with her thoughts bent upon her strange
vigil of last night, absently sipped her
coffee and unfolded the Daily Telegram.
What was this that caught her eye in
large letters at the head of a column?
Arrest op the Supposed Murderess. "
Her eyeB were instantly riveted to the
page; she read on as follows:
' 'The police are still making investigations as to the murder of Mr. Ralph
Kestrel, who was discovered stabbed to
the heart on the platform of the Marylebone Station on the Underground Railway in the early hours of the 23rd inst.
A clue to the assassin was subsequently
supplied by a porter, who, when closing
tho station for the night, saw an hysterical woman leave the place. It was
supposed that the woman had fallen
asleep on a bench, and, waking only
when the lights had been turned out,
became wildly excited. Efforts were
made to track this woman, and a man
was told off to keep a special watch at
the scene of tho crime, it being thought
probable that, with the strange persistence peculiar to criminals of this class,
she would sooner or later be drawn back
to the spot. This theory proved correct,
shortly after eight o'clock last night, a
young woman, alleged to be the same
both in feature and dress as the one
wanted, alighted from a westward-bound
train, and, after pausing to examine the
spot where the murder took place, passed the barrier and walked in haste to a
house situate in tho vicinity of Regent's
Park, where she was found in the very
act of restoring to its place a knife or
dagger of Oriental workmanship, and of
a pattern said to be precisely adapted to
the infliction of such a wound as that
which proved fatal to the murdered man.
She was at once arrested on suspicion,
and will be brought up at Marylebone
police court today for preliminary examination. The railway official's previous silence is accounted for by the fact
that while he was locking up on the
night of the murder he left the station-
door for a few moments, while he went
into the middle of the road to speak to
his father, who is night-watchman of
some repairs which are going on there,
and, fearing that if this were known he
might be discharged, he for some timo
maintained silence. It only remains to
add that the suspected person is a young
woman of prepossessing appearance and
some cultivation. She has been living
as companion to a lady named O'Connor,
in whose house she was taken prisoner.
Her name is Laura Kingdon."
Dorothy gave a great cry, and sprang
up. Laura arrested! Mistaken for
Dorothy's self! Yielding herself up
without a murmur to be tried, judged,
convicted, hanged for Dorothy's sake,
because she, Laura, believed her sister
guilty of shedding blood I It was too
horrible! That she believed Dorothy to
be guilty was clear from yesterday's
strange, cold parting���the eagerness
with which she sent her sister from her,
thousands of miles away. And, had not
this newspaper fallen into Dorothy's
hands, Laura would have borne shame,
Buffering, even death, for love of her,
to shield her, while the true culprit
was there, actually there on board that
ship, a refugee from justice I
Yes, Dorothy saw it all plainly now.
This man with the wild beast's eyes,
whom she had watched all through the
night, was the ferocious assailant whose
crime she had witnessed, and whom
she had confronted over the corpse of
Ralph Kestrel.
He must be seized at once. She would
drag him bock to London, and herself
testify to Laura's innocenoe.
She gave scarcely a thought to the confession she would have to make of that
night's folly. To her husband, to the
judge, to the whole world she would
tell all. Her sister's life was at stake:
that sister who had been willing to sacrifice life itself for her. Dorothy could
love as well as Laura, and act as bravely
too, when the occasion came.
Sho sent the steward for Captain Dundas, aud when be came, gave him the
paper to read, and told him all.   Yes,
all.   Nor did she seek to extenuate her
fault, or to find any excuse for her unfaithfulness.   She released him from all
I moral ties to her, and bade him seek
I forgotfulness in some far-off land.    She
i must rouiain in England to vindicate her
The sailor listened very gravely to her
story,  end at first   seemed too much
I movod���we might almost say appalled���
[ to comment   upon  it.    At length he
i questioned her about her intimacy with
Kestrel, and received her solemn assur
ance that the evil which had been contemplated had not passed the limits of
intention. In that faith ho found some
comfort, and his benumbed energies
awoke to action.
Captain Dundas issued orders that no j
one was to-be allowed to leave the ship
during his absence. Then the boat was
lowered, and he took Dorothy ashore to
the nearest magistrate, which resulted
in the return with them of three constables, furnished with handcuffs and a
warrant for the arrest, upon the deposition of Dorothy Dundas, of one Dennis
The gentleman "wanted" was aroused
from a heavy slumber by the strong arm
of the law, and, though at first manifestly disconcerted, soon became amiably
amenable, and prepared himself to accompany his captors.
"It's a moighty mistake you're making, I can tell yez," said he in his jauntiest tone. "Shure, it's the very best an-
Bwer to the charge I've got, anyhow. It's
a beautiful alabiT can prove, and you'll
find I wasn't out of my bed on that night
at all, at all."
They took him off the ship and back
to London by the first train, and Dorothy
Dundas went with them to tho rescue of
her noble sister. Her heart was full of
hope and chastened joy. Confession had
swept away the lingering shadows which
had hung, dark and chill, between her
and hor husband.
As he passed her over tho side of the
ship, Ben Dundas folded his errant wife
closely to his breast, and whispered, as
the tears stood in his honest blue eyes:
"You're a brave lass, and I trust you,
my own dear, sweet little Dorrie. C^rry
this thing through, save Laura, and
we'll be bound up, you and I, faster
than ever for all our lives to come."
"Are you mad ? Will you not hear
me?   Will you not let rae explain ?"
Muriel O'Connor���or Mary Murdoch,
the daughterof Thomas Murdoch,as she
had avowed herself���stood before Cecil
Chester, wringing her hands in distress
as she strove in vain to stem the torrent
of his reproaches. The mortification of
the rebuke he had received from his
chief, the grave consequences to his
party which might ensue that night.had
excited him beyond all control; and the
thought that he had been cozened by one
against whom his instincts had warned
him from the very first, but whom he
had nevertheless trusted with his honour
���to whom he had actually offered his
name���filled him with a fury of anger.
Forcing his way to tho drawing-room,
where Muriel was distractedly pacing to
and fro, he upbraided her in unmeasured terms, accused her of basely tricking
him, of profaning the solemnity and
purity of affection, of having brought
about his ruin and his disgrace.
He would not listen to any defence;
she had been making a mock of him���
would have made him the tool of the
vile machinations of blackguardly conspirators. He cursed the hour when he
had been inveigled into her den of mischief ; he cursed each moment he had devoted to contemplating her false fair
face. She should never see him again���
never I never! He took back his vows
of love, cancelled for ever his offer of
marriage. Let her give him back his
papers���all of them���all I���and he would
fly from her as he Would from a pestilence.
She flung herself at his feet and burst
into tears. At any other time her natural pride would have dictated a
very different reception of his reproaches ; but the parting with Laura
Kingdon had unnerved her, and she felt
altogether wretched and heart-broken.
To learn, too. how serious must be the
result of her impulsive robbery of the
despatch-box seemed the crown of many
an unworthy betrayal of Chester's confidence. She bowed herself and wept
Her tears brought a revulsion of feeling to Cecil Chester. All his manhood
and compassion answered to that appeal.
What brutal things had he said? Would
he not in truth give all the world to
spare her one tear? He felt it in his
heart, and began at once to assure her
of his undying devotion, his perfect
trust, and to beseech her forgiveness.
It was a lovers' quarrel, a thunderstorm
in the blue sky, and before long the sun
burst through and their confidence was
renewed. But time pressed���ah, how
sadly it pressed upon Cecil Chester I���
and he must use winged speed to return
with his papers to the House. There
stood the box. He grasped it like his
honour, and approached her to give one
last kiss of forgiveness before he departed.
But with a shriek she held his arm,
bade him set down the box, open it
instantly, and restore to her the petition
in favor of the release of Thomas Murdoch, Fenian. Struck by the sudden
terror in her face, he unlocked the box
and produced the packet.
"What is this?'' he cried; "it is too
heavy for a roll of paper."
He looked at her ghastly pallor, and a
suspicion came like a thunderbolt upon
"Give it to me!" she screamed, as he
bent down his ear to listen to a slight
ticking sound within the packet.
His answer was to take out his knife
and nt the cover open. He came upon
an iron canister.
h "And you gave this to met" he exclaimed; "you mado me a messonger of
death, nnd would have Buffered me to
bring destruction upon others if only I
could bo spared myself! I thank you at
least for your concern for me."
"Thank me for that, forgive me for
that: but do not blame me for what was
done without my sanction or my knowledge."
"You gave it into my hands."
"But I supposed it to be my petition.
This thing was substituted by���
"By whom?"
Sho made no reply} A low whirring
sound within the canister had caught
her ear. She snatched the accursed
thing out of his hands, and flung it from
her with all her strength, ft struck
against the side of the open French
window, and fell just outside the room.
As the infernal machine reached the
ground it exploded with a frightful concussion. The houBe seemed to reel and
shudder as Muriel O'Connor flung her
arms about the man whose life she had
blasted ______
Love oomfortetu like sunshine after rain.
Dennis Donovan was duly brought to
London and incarcerated to await his
examination. He maintained a jaunty
air of indifference, and with the utmost
assurance asserted that he had evidence
which must effectively vindicate him
from the capital charge.
Leaving him securely cared for, Dorothy sought her sister with all haste.
A visitor had been with Laura already.
Lord Willmore, Horrified by the morning's news, had nevertheless gone at
once to the support of his betrothed,
using the influence of his position, a
thing repugnant to him, to obtain an interview with the woman he loved. He
steadfastly refused to believe that so
gentle a creature could commit an act of
violence, unless in a self-defence which
called for his approval and admiration.
Laura had been locked tip all night, a
prey to the most dismal terrors. Before
her rose in sombre view the crowded
court, the harsh questioning, the torturing delays, the great trial, tho summing
up of the judge, the damning verdict of
the jury, the awful judgment, the gallows, and the shameful end. But all
this faded into a yearned for prospect
when confronted with the alternative of
suspicion falling upon her sister���her
dear little "Dorrie." Would it were all
over, and the frightful expiation made,
if that would secure safety and peace to
the one whose honour she preferred to
her own life!
The visit of Lord Willmore was a
grievous embarrassment to her. His
manly sympathy and yearning love
wrenched at her heart. How could she
reply to his questions upon the charge
against her? Unable to profess innocence���not daring to tell him of the
martyrdom to which she was determined
to submit, lest the object of her sacrifice should be defeated by his interference���she was compelled to remain deaf
to his entreaties, silent under his adjurations to tell him the whole truth and
claim the white handed innocence
which he wonld stake his soul upon.
Willmore's reaction from his first suspicion and jealousy wasjconiplet'e, and he
sought to atone for the guiltiness of
doubting her by a confidence that had
no basis  in reason or judgment,   but
which sprang directly from tho heart
and was an instinct of his lo~o.
In vain did she attempt to 'Hake him
believe her guilty. She could not aver
positively that she had committed this
crime; she only bade him depart and no
longer concern himself with the fate of
"an unworthy girl."
"Unworthy?" he cried. "I will swear
you are not unworthy of the best devotion that the best man in the world could
give. Not a thousand mysteries, though
they were infinitely more inscrutable;
not a thousand villainous accusations;
no! not even your own confession, shall
convince me that you are unworthy of
the truest love, the most absolute faith,
of such a one as myself."
So strong a proof of his devoted affection did more to reduce the sorrow-
stricken girl to weakness than all the
gathering clouds of circumstance. She
loved him tenderly, truly, with the all-
sufficingness of a maiden V.ve, and to
lose him, to stand under a shadow, and
such a shadow, before bis eyes, was
agony to her. Truly the scaffold had
no terrors for her to equal that. He
left her sobbing hysterically, and went,
although he knew it was a forlorn hope,
to offer bail for her temporary release.
This was of course refused. In a state
bordering on distraction he set off to find
Cecil Chester, and learnt, after protracted inquiry, that Chester had not
been home during the past night, had
not been seen at his clubs, and," by mys
teriously disappearing on the previous
evening from the House with the notes
and papers essential to the promotion of
the Irish measure introduced by the Chief
Secretary, had left the Government in
a very awkward quandary.
Concern for his friend was therefore
added to Willmore's distress on account
of Laura, and ho returned to the latter
in a most disordered condition.
But with Laura things had taken a
turn for the better during his absence.
An unexpected witness had been present
at her examination���no other than Dorothy Dundas, whose singular resemblance to her sister had borne out her
claim to be identified as the midnight
fugitive in Laura Kingdon's stead.
Dorothy's circumstantial account of
the events of that night on the railway-
platform, together with the arrest of
Dennis Donovan, was sufficient to justify the magistrate in dismissing the charge
against Laura, who, now relieved from
anxiety on behalf of her sister, was able
to account for her possession of the dagger ; the ticket-collector, too, whon confronted with the sisters, flatly declined
to swear that Laura Kingdon was the
woman he had seen at the station.
Before this, however, Dorothy had
availed herself of Laura's powerlessness
to oppose her, and made a full and free
confession to Willmore, which dispelled
the mystery that had hung like an unwholesome fog between the lovers.
Roluctant as she was to accept rescue
at the cost of her sister's sbame, the release was to Laura like the salvation of
a lost soul, implying as it did escape
from dire peril, and restoration to the
happy privilege of loving one who had
been tried and not found wanting.
As they were leaving tho court Dorothy was accosted by a police-sergeant,
who required her at once to accompany
him to a police-station at the EaBt End
of London, there to formally identify
Dennis Donovan as the man she had
seen murder Ralph Kestrel; the importance of the case being such that the
police were anxious to see the suspected
murderer committed for trial without
Lord Willmore and Laura volunteered
to acooinpany her, the latter feeling
that so savage a beast could hot be
caged too soon.
In the gloomy room devoted to the
purposes of justice in the Eiiat En I
police-station they wero kept wail; ,'
for a few minutes, while the magistrate
disposed of some remaining charges (f
"drunk and disorderly" against certain
frowsy-looking women and equally disreputable men; then Dennis Donovan
was led in and placed in the dock between two constables.
These spoke to the arrest of the accused on the disposition of one Dorothy
"Faix, and who may Dorothy Dundas
be?" inquired the prisoner good-hum-
"Have you any witnesses who can
identify this man?" asked the magistrate.
As Dorothy was about to step into the
box, Laura put her sister aside and faced
the magistrate. In a few words Laura
told the court who she was, and the
story of her arrest for the murder of
Ralph Kestrel, and of her unexpected
discharge, the constable who had fetched Dorothy testifying to its truth. In
reply to the formal demand whether he
wished to ask any questions, Donovan
shook his head.
Then came Dorothy's turn.
"Begorra!" muttered the prisoner as
she stepped into the box; ' 'it's two of
'em she is, entirely;" and the magistrate's
keen eye detected his changing color and
confused manner during Dorothy's circumstantial account of the events of the
night of the murder.
Then Donovan was asked if he had
anything to object to the police's request
for a remand.
"Faith, no," said he; "I reserve my
defence. It's a beautiful alabi I can
prove, be jabers! Constable, will ye
send to Miss Muriel O'Connor?" and he
gave her address.
"It's not much good that will do you."
returned the constable as he made an
entry of the address in his notebook.
"What d'ye mane?" asked the prisoner quickly.
The officer turned to the magistrate.
"This Miss Muriel O'Connor, your
worship," he said, "ia either dead or
A ghastly change came ore* tho face
of Donovan.
"Dead or dying?" repeated the magistrate.    "From what cause?"
"Ay, from what cause?" repeated
Donovan, whose features twitched and
worked with the high excitement under
which he was labouring.
"There was an explosion," said the
constable slowly,' 'at the house named by
the prisoner, last evening, supposed to
be of an infernal machine containing
dynamite. The lady, Miss Muriel O'Connor, was picked up insensible and taken
to the hospital."
"What!" shrieked Donovan. "He
lies I he lies I I gave the machine to him.
not to her!   I saw him taking it to the
Parliament House before I left."
"You gave it?" queried the magistrate.
' 'Yes, I gave it I I gave it.! D'y�� hear?
And I don't care who knows, or what
comes of it, if I've killed her I"
A terrible apprehension flitted across
Lord Willmore's mind as he listened,
for, although warned that all he said
would be taken as evidence against him,
Donovan broke out into maledictions
upon Cecil Chester, who had been his
rival in the love of the woman whom he
now accused himBelf of having killed���
Cecil Chester, whom he wonld have destroyed as pitilessly as he struck down
Ralph Kestrel. Yes, he admitted all.
His wild grief at the n.. /posed destruction of tho woman he had vainly adored
Bpent itself in fury at tho miscarriage of
his diabolical vengeance, and ho boasted
exultantly of the occasion on which his
hate had borne its bloody fruit.
Willmore began an eager question to
the constable, but was cut short by the
usher calling for silence in the court;
the magistrate, remarking curtly that
he remanded the prisoner for a week,
intimated that he was waiting to hear
the next case.
Outside the court, Willmore and Lanra
learned that a gentleman was with
Muriel nt the time of the explosion. ' 'He
was injured, but not nearly so seriously
as the lady," explained the constable.
"She eeemed to have tried to protect
him, and got worse hurt herself in consequence. Ho gave no name, and they
were then taken to thesame hospital."
But the constable was wrong. Muriel
O'Connor was neither dead nor dying;
for Borne time she lay in a very critical
condition, and scarcely any hope was entertained of her recovery. At length her
splendid constitution triumphed, and,
surrounded by all the helpful influences
of love and friendship, she was nursed
back to lifo. Her sorrow at the injustice
she had done to Laura was very keen;
but tbe latter told her to show her penitence by getting well as quickly as possible: advice which Muriel followed to
such good effect thaton a brilliant morn
ing in October tbo bells of tit. Sulpiee
rang out a wedding peal which served
for both Muriel and Laura. Chester had
quickly recovered from hi* injuries, nnd
he and Willmore had stipulated with the
girls to make a "double event" of it.
When tho officiating clergyman, an
old college chum of the two men, asked
concerning Laura, "Who giveth this
woman?" a bluff and hearty voice declared :
"I do, and no son of the sea ever gave
a better;" and the broad and genial face
of Captain Dundas beamed like a new-
risen sun on all around.
For some time Muriel's new-found
happiness was disturbed by the dread
lest the society of which Bhe hod formerly been n member should seek to wreak
their vengeance on her much-loved husband. Donovan had "died game," refusing to speak a work.
But Cecil Chester laughed at Muriel's
fears, knowing that for their own
safety's sake "the brotherhood" would
be chary of interfering with peoplo who
knew so much about them as did
"Muriel O'Connor" and the late private
secretary to the Chief Secretary for Ire
(THE END.) "
liini), tho tailor.
George Hilton,   a  Nanalmo   pioneer,
has just died, aged 60. w
t. Ooat����t Between Angry Wnten snd a
Boek��t Une, In Which the Latter Tx��t.
A Cowardly Engineer���A Bird OuMud
tbe Xllen to the Beteue.
And who that remembers can hear
without a thrill the name of the steamship Central America, which sank in a
great storm on Sept. 12, 1857, with most
of her officers and crew, nearly 400 passengers and $1,800,000 in gold?
The Central America was crowded
with treasure laden people from California on their way to New York. After leaving Havana on Sept. 8 she ran
into a storm. The steamer began to
leak, and Captain Hernden called upon
the passengers to form lines and pass
the buckets. Hour after hour the tempest howled, and the huge vessel groaned
as the immense seas broke against her.
Hour after hour the men with tho buckets toiled for their lives; slowly the water gained on them.
The officers exhorted the bucket gangs
not to pause for a moment if t" t ship
was to be saved. The wind roared and
tho storm increased in fury. Every passenger stuck to his post and worked until he fell to the deck exhausted. Then
the women offered to tako the placeB of
their wornout, fainting husbands and
brothers, but none of the men would allow it. As the horror ��� of the situation
gradually dawned on the minds of the
women and children the air was filled
with sounds of terror, but above the
raging hurricane and the cries of lamentation rose the chorus of the bucket
Heave, oh! heave, ohl stamp and go.
We'll be Jolly blather, ohl
All day long they sang this song and
fought for life against the steadily rising water. Mrs. Easton, a bride on her
honeymoon trip, passed bottles of wine
to the heroio men to strengthen them in
their desperate work. All night long
the struggle was continued, and still the
ocean gained inch by inch. The women
begged, with tears in their eyes, to be
allowed to help. They cheered the brave
fellows and wept when they saw them
fall to the deck with white faces and
trembling limbs.
During the next day the peril of the
ateamer was increased by the lack of food
and water. The hurricane tossed the
sinking hull about and shattered her
spars and masts. Whilo the tired and
sleepless men stuck to the buckets the
women knelt and prayed to God for assistance.
About 2 o'clock in the afternoon a sail
was seen to windward. Guns were fired
and signals of distress hoisted. The
strango vessel, which turned out to be
the brig Marine of Boston, answered the
signals and tried to approach, but the
pale blew her about three miles away.
Then tho boats were made ready, and
the women and children prepared themselves. They had to strip off nearly all
of thoir clothes and put on life preservers. Many of the women had gold,
which they could not carry with the
them. Two of them went to their staterooms and took out bags of $20 gold
pieces, which they threw down in the
cabin, inviting the others to tako what
they pleased. The money rolled and
jingled about on the floor, while the two
weeping women explained that they were
returning home to enjoy the fortune
which they had made in California, and
that they would be beggars if the ship
was lost. None of the women dared to
take more than two pieces of gold lest it
might weigh them down,
The men still remained at their work,
saying that they would remain on board
���until another ship arrived, as the Marine
could not take all the passengers, and
tho women and children must be saved
first. Among those heroes waa Billy
Birch, the famous minstrel.
Two of the lifeboats were smashed by
the sea, but three boats were filled with
women and children, many of the latter
being infants. The last boat to leave
carried the chief engineer. He solemnly
promised the captain to return, but the
moment he got into the boat he drew a
knife and threatened to kill any ono who
followed him. Later on, when the women and children wero put on board the
Marine, the chief engineer, like the coward and liar he waB, refused to return.
Now the sinking steamship was so low
in the ocean that almost every wave
swept her deck. Some of tho passengers
got into the rigging, while others tried
to build a raft. Night came on. The
storm continued to rage. The ship quivered and careened. Rockets soare 1 up
into the bellowing, angry heavens. Slowly the vessel tilled with water, and the
doomed host clinging to her deck and
rigging prepared for death. There was
no weeping and no Bhrieking, no wringing of hands. The captain stood at the
wheel to the last.
All at onco the ship, as if in an agony
of death herself, made a plunge at an
angle of 45 degrees, and with an appalling shriek from the engulfed mass Bhe
disappeared, and nearly BOO human beings were left struggling among the
fierce waters. The scene was horrifying,
and many who were saved afterward
fainted at the mere memory of it.
A few hold on to planks and spars all
through tho wild night, and as the day
broke the Norwegian bark Ellen arrived
and picked up 40 of the men.
"I was forced out of ray course just
before 1 met you," said the captain of
the Ellen to the rescued passengers,
"and when I altered ray course a bird
flew across the ship onco or twice, and
then darted into my fuce. A few minutes later tho bird repeated its movements. 1 thought it un extraordinary
*.lilng, and while thinking on it in this
way the mysterious bird reappeared, and
'or the third timo How into my face.
Tins induced me to alter my course back
to the original ono, and in a short time 1
beard noises in tho sea and discovered
'hat I was in the midst of shipwrecked
W ho shall aay what power guided tbe
flight of the frail messenger through the
luriny air?���New York Herald.
Remarkable Story From India Abont
Catching a Postal Tbier.
The narrator of the following story
some years ago had charge of a postal
division on tho western coast, parts of
which had seldom been visited by a
European officer. The people wero for
the most part Bimple country folk and
very superstitious. One morning the
narrator received information that a
considerable sum of money, forming part
of tho contents of the mail from a head
to a suboffice, had been Btolen on the
road. The whole affair was wrapped in
The only clew the police had been able
to obtain was that one runner, whom we
shall call Rama, had Bince the theft paid
off certain debts in the village which had
long pressed upon him, but there were
no other suspicious circumstances, and
the man had 10 years' good service. As
a last resource it was determined to resort to trial by ordeal and for this purpose an aged Brahman, who was supposed to possess occult powers and to be
in daily communion with the gods, was
consulted and readily undertook to discover tho thief, All tho runners���a goodly array of sturdy Mahratta peasants���
were summoned to tlie office, and under
the guidance of a oheyla, or disciple, of
the old Brahman we all proceeded to a
small deserted temple of Mahadeo, situated at somo distance from the village.
It was a desolate spot and bore an evil
reputation. Tlie temple, owing to some
act of desecration in tho past, had been
abandoned and was almost buried
among weeds and tangled brushwood.
The hour selected was about 6 p. m.,
and the long twilight Bhodows gave tho
place a weird, uncanny look. The old
Brahman was awaiting us, and as we approached appeared to be busy muttering incantations. The runners all seemed
to be more or less under the spell of the
hour, but tbe look of real fright in
Rama's face was quite distinct. The
Brahman, having finished his incantations, rose and addressing the men said:
"You are about to face the gods. To
the innocent the trial will be nothing,
but to the guilty much. In the temple
a magic wand has been placed on the
altar. Each of you must go in by turns,
take up the wand and turn round three
times, repeating the name of Mahadeo.
The wand will stick to the hand of the
guilty one." By this time it was nearly
dark. I glanced in through the door of
the temple. A solitary oil buttee threw
a fitful light on the altar, on which an
ordinary bamboo stick about two feet
long reposed among grains of uncooked
rice and nut limes, the whole sprinkled
with red powder.
A curtain was drawn across the door,
and tho men entered one at a time. As
each one appeared the Brahman seized
his hands and raised them to his forehead, and then allowed them to pass on
and join his fellows. Coming to Rama,
he went through the same pantomime,
but instead of allowing him to pass on
bade him stand aside. When the last
man had gone through the ordeal the
Brahman turned to Rama and said quietly:
"Tell the sahib how you stole the
"To my utter amazement," continues
the writer, "Rama fell on his knees,
confessed that be was tho thief, and offered to show where he had hidden the
balance of tho money. He had succeeded in opening the mail bag without
seriously disturbing the seals. The postmaster had not really examined them
and so their having been manipulated
had escaped notice. Needless to say,
the Brahman was rewarded and poor
Rama was sent to repent at leisure in
the district jail."
Now tbe natural question is: "How
was it done?" Very simply. The temple, the lonely glen, the uncanny hour,
the incantations, all were merely accessories to appeal to the superstitions of
the ignorant peasants. The "magic
wand" was thickly smeared with strongly scented sandalwood oil. Ramo's
guilty conscience prevented him from
touhcing it, as ho firmly behoved the
wand would stick to his hands, and his
of course was the only hand that did
not smell of oil.���Times of India.
OverdreHBed For HU Part.
A justice of the peace, who exercised
the functions of that office in a portion
of the state whero such officials are permitted great latitude, had bofore him a
suspicious character arraigned upon a
charge of vagrancy.
The prisoner, who was quite well
dressed, secured the services of a lawyer
in court to defend him. The man pleaded
not guilty, and the lawyer in concluding
his remarks said:
"What, your honor, that man a vagrant? Oh, not I insist upon his discharge. Why, see the good clothes he is
"Yes, I see them," replied the justice,
"and in consequence of their excellent
condition I shall discharge him on the
charge of vagrancy and bind him over
for simple larceny."���Now York Herald.
Dm For Rati.
Of all living things rats seem to be
among the most repulsive, and when
dead what can be their use?   But oven
they are tho subjects of production in
the industrial arts.   Tho fur iB valuablo
and finds a ready sale.   Tho skins make
a superior glove���tho gant do rat���and
are specially used for the thumbs of kid
gloves, because the skin of tho rat is
i strong and elastic. The thigh bones were
. formerly valued as toothpicks for clubs,
I but are now out of fashion, while the
I tendons and bones are boiled up to mako
j the  gelatin   wrappers for bonbons.���
I North American Review.
A Ilnttored Legend.
A hotel in Switzerland boro on one of
its walls the time honored inscription,
"Hospes, salvel" ("Welcome, strangorl")
After rebuilding tbo legend had to be
restored, but the painter, who must
havo had somo experience as a traveler,
made a very slight alteration in one of
the wordB, and caused it to read, "Hospes, solve!" ("Pay, stranger I") ��� San
Francisco Argonaut.
They Are Hot Bo Potent M They Win
Some Hears Ago���Ceremonies Observed
by the Pawang In Invoking the Bantu,
or Tutelary Spirit, of tbe Mine.
Miners in all countries have been noted
for their superstitious beliefs as to various matters affecting their good or ill
luck. Soothsayers, sorcerers, or at least
lode finders, were in past ages trusted to
secure the satisfactory results which are
now nowadays more reasonably hoped
for on ths report of the mining expert
and engineer. The latest survival of
belief in the occult powers of the "medicine man" or sorcerer is probably to be
found in the Malay peninsula, which
contains the most important tin workings yet known to exist. The individual who thus guides his employers to
fortune, or tha reverse, is known aa a
Until the practical termination of independent Malay rule throughout the
major portion of the peninsula, about 19
years ago, the pawang was a recognized
member of every mining stuff, and recognized not only by the mine owners but
by tho petty chiefs, who alternately encouraged or obstructed mining enterprise.
So potent was he that ho could foretell
the prospects of a mine, levy lines (which
went into his own pocket), direct the
offering up of animal sacniices and enforce Tules respecting the workings of a
mine which but for him would havo
been simply ridiculed by tho miners. Although in many districts his pretensions
are now discredited, he still lingers on,
superstition with tho existing generation
of miners having yet a firm hold in the
more remote districts.
The pawang may or may not be the
hereditary successor of a predecessor.
In some cases he is self unde, and attains his position by a few lucky forecasts as to the value of a projected mine.
In a territory where, as is sometimes
said, "If you dig up tho highway, you
are Bure to find tin," the supernaturally
gifted prospector has a tolerably easy
task. Not that tin is always found when
a hole iB sunk. But a moderate acquaintance with the usual indications is
quite sufficient. Chinese of limited
means do not often trouble a pawang in
the initiatory stages. But when the
mine���"stream tin," or tin sand, with an
overburden of 10 or 20 feet earth and
gravel���is fairly started, the pawang
suggests that he alone knows how to
keep good luck in sight. Sometimes he
is politely informed that his services aro
not wanted, aud he loaves in wrath, predicting all sorts of disaster to the unbelieving towkay or manager. Upon the
whole, however, he manages to get his
A fine physical appearance is indispensable. When engaged in any duty,
such as invoking spiritB or offering sacrifices, he is allowed to assume only one
of two positions���with hia hands.resting
on his hips or with them clasped behind
hia back. He alone is allowed to wear a
black coat in the mine. As in the caso of
camphor hunters in Formosa and gutta
percha hunters in Malaya, he uses a
peculiar vocabulary. Thus cats, elephants, tigers, buffaloes, etc., must not
be mentioned by their usual designation,
nor are such animals (tigers unfortunately sometimes prove unpleasant exceptions) ever allowed upon a mine.
Perhaps the oddest article in tho pa-
wang's "index expurgatorius" is the
lime fruit or lemon, which under no circumstances may be brought to a mine,
and should the juice be thrown into the
mine water dire results are dreaded.
Raw cotton, glass and earthenware or
an unsheathed spear or kris are equally
anathema, all tbe articles mentioned being offensive to the hantu or spirits
which haunt tho mine.
Assuming that tbe pawang is engaged
by a mine owner at a fee varying from
��15 to ��30, his first business is to erect a
platform or altar, constructed of o special kind of wood. The four branches,
which serve as supports, have the bark
peeled off for about 4J feet from tho
ground to where tho twigs begin. The
leaves on the latter are not removed.
A square platform, measuring 15 inches
each woy, of peeled aticks ib fixed to
these supports at about three feet from
tho ground. A foot above this comes a
railing round three sides of the platform, whilo a railed ladder with four
rungs reaches from the open side of the
platform to the ground. Fringes of co-
coanut ornament the railing, and the
whole construction is bound together
with creepers, rattan, however, being
forbidden. Upon it offerings are laid,
and the pawang invokes tho hantu or
tutelary spirit of the mine to bless it
with good fortune. A bag of tin sand
from the first washing is the fee paid for
this service.
Sometimes a cheaper kind of altar is
made by placing in tho ground a single
peeled stick with its upper end split in
four, upon which is placed the little
platform above described. Tho next
process is to hang an ancha, or square
frame, about 18 inches each way iu the
smelting house just under the eaves of
tho roof. This serveB as an interior
altar, upon which the miners placo their
offerings to the hantu, The accurate
hanging up of the ancha is a matter of
special care.
These preliminaries accomplished, the
mine is considered sure of luck.���Fall
Mall Gazette,
Under the Monroe Doctrine.
Should European vessels land their
forces and interfere in the affairs of Brazil, there is no escape from tho conclusion that such act would constitute a
causo of offense to the United States
government. Under the light of the
Monroo doctrine tho administration can
construe such acts ob nothing less than
jn offense. If Europe can without let
Dr hindrance land troops in Brazil and
menace the security of that ropublic,
Europe can do likewise in every American republic���Minneapolis Tribune.
tbe Jjom of a Life or Two Apparently Not
of Muoh Account.
The elections for the council general
were going on all over the island of Corsica. The canton of Soccia comprises
several villages, among othera Guagno,
noted for its famous mineral springs
and also for the turbulence of its people.
The elections took place in each village,
and on the morrow the presidents of the
Beveral bureaus were to meet at Soccia
for the formal declaration of tho poll.
In consequence of certain disorders that
had already occurred, the mayor of Soccia issued an edict to the effect that none
of the inhabitants of Guagno was to enter the village that day.
The inhabitants of Guagno chose to
ignore this order, and 60 of them, all
armed, and all angry that their candidate had been defeated, marched upon
Soccia, headed by their mayor. Two
gendarmes���not armed���had been placed
at tho entrance of the village and warned
the advancing troops that they were to
come no farther. The mayor of Guagno
cried "Fire!" There was a general volley from his followers, and the two gendarmes fell dead. "They both bore excellent characters. One of them had been
24.years in the service, had been proposed
for the military medal and leaves a wife
and three children."
Such was the first account in the daily
paper of Bastia. It occupied about seven
inches of one column. The next day the
editor had had time to reflect (or he, too,
may possibly have had a significant
warning), for in an articlo threo lnohes
long the account waB somewhat qualified, and thero was this important emen-
dution, "It seems wo were not correct in
stating that it was tho mayor of Guagno
who gave the order to fire upon the gendarmes."
Tho third day there were just two
lines, "In consequence of the unfortunate affair at Soccia it is probable that
the mayor of Guagno will send in his
resignation." That was all, I took in
the newspaper regularly for a week, for
I was curious to see how the affair would
end, but there waa nothing more���apparently no inquiry, no prosecution of
the offenders.���Contemporary Review.
Tho Tower of Silence.
The Parsees will not burn or bury
their dead, because they consider a dead
body impure, and they will not suffer
themselves to defile any of tho elements.
They therefore expose their corpses to
vultures. One seea nothing but the
quiet, white robed procession (white ia
mourning among the Parsees) following
the bier to the Tower of Silence. At the
entrance they look their last on the dead,
and the corpse bearers���a caste of such
���carry it within the precincts and lay
it down, to be finally disposed of by the
vultures which crowd the tower.
Meanwhile, and for threo days after,
tho prieBts say constant prayers for tho
departed, for hiB soul is supposed not to
leave the world till the fourth day after
doath. On the fourth day there is tho
Uthanna ceremony, when large sums of
money are given away in memory of the
departed. The liturgy in use is a series
of funeral sermons by Zoroaster.
Of superstitions the Parsees have had
more than they retain. Connected with
burial is the popular conception as to tho
efficacy of a dog's gaze after death.
Dogs are sacred and supposed to guide
the souls of the dead to heaven and to
ward off evil spirits; hence it is customary to lead a dog into the chamber of
death, that he may look at the corpse
before it is carried to the tower.���Nineteenth Century.
Eccentricities In Palaces.
The King of Siam, who, according to
late reports, has had a palace constructed which he can submerge in the sea at
will and so live under wator whenever
he chooses, is not the only monarch who
has indulged in eccentricities of this
For instance, history has preserved
the memory of the ice palace built by
the Russian Empress Anne, who punished several of her dainty courtiers by
compelling them to pass the night in
this great chamber of state, where they
wore almost frozen to death.
The Czar Paul, ancestor of the present
Emperor of Russia, constructed a room
formed entirely of huge mirrors, where
ho spent hours walking to and fro in full
uniform���a singular taste for the ugliest
man in Russia.
One of the native princes of Java
cooled his palace by making a stream
fall in a cascade over the gateway, and
tho Indian despot Tippo Sahib placed beside his dinner table a life Bize figure of
a tiger devouring an English officer, the
roar of the beast and the shrieks of the
victim being imitated by hidden machinery.���Harper's Young People.
Triple Pillar Saw Frame.
Among the recent mechanical constructions of note is a triple pillar saw
frame, conveniently designed to occupy
a space not much wider than an ordinary vertical log frame. In carrying out
this plan the cross girder, which carries
the saw frame and the crank shaft bearings, is in one piece, the wholo being
supported on three turned pillars, on
which by means of screws connected by
suitablo gearing they are raised and
lowered together. In order to limit the
distance between tbe pillars as much as
possible, tbo connecting rod is attached
to the saw frame that is farthest from
the crank shaft. There is a bell crank
and flywheel at each end of the crank
shaft, which enable the machine to work
steadily at high speeds without excessive
vibration.���New York Snn.
One For the Turk.
One of the stories that drifted out of
the plaisance is of the mosque where
prayers were said daily at regular intervals for the natives. A pious woman
passing accosted a young Oriental and
chatted with him, finishing with u nod
toward his prayer house and the remark,
"I hope you go to church every Sunday,
liko a Christian," "No," was the quick
reply, "1 go overy day, liko a Turk"���
which must score one for the heathen.���
New York Times.
Is coming  and  H.  H.  LENNIE  &  CO.   are  well
supplied with a Full line of Useful and Fancy
Articles suitable for
and at prices suitable to the times.
We have a beautiful line of Celluloid Photo Frames, ranging
in price from 25 cents to $1.50.
A Large assortment of Photo Albums in
Leather, Plush and Oak. Prices from
75c. to $6.
Collar and Cuff Boxes in Leather, Oak, Plush and Celluloid
Prices from 75c. to $3.50.
Work Boxes and Baskets from 25c. to $4
Dressing Cases in Oak, Plush, Leather and Oxidized from
$1.25 to $18.
Manicure Sets from $1 25 to $10.
Shaving Cases in Oak, Plush, Oxidized and Leather, at from
$1,50 to 6.50.
Sofa Pillows from 75c to $4 50."
Games in endless variety.
Dolls in every style from 5c to $5.
Tin Toys, Drums, Rocking Horses, Sleighs, Wagons, Dolls
Cradles and Carriages, etc. Rattles at 5c. 10c. and 25c.
Children's tea sets at 5c. up to two dollars.
Magic Lanterns and Printing Presses.
A fine variety of Children's story and picture Books from 5c
to $3.   Blocks���A. B. C, Picture and Building.
Dolls Trunks $1 and 1 50.
Violins, Banjos, Guitars, Accordeons, Harmonicas, Flutes and
everything in the Music Line.
Tidies from 25c. to $1.25.    Tray Cloths, 25c. to $1.
Splashers 25c. to $1.00.   Bureau covers from 50c, to $1 25
Doilies 25 and 35 cents.    Toilet Mats 25 to 75 cents.
Toilet Bags 35c to $t 50.    Crochet Dinner Mats.
Pillow Shams, $oc. pair.     Canvas Slippers, 75c. pair.
Tea Cosies 75c. to $2.50..   Handkerchief Cases, Slipper Cases
Cords, Pom-poms, Silks, Tinsel, Stamping patterns, Knitting
and Crochet Needles, etc., etc.
A full line of Berlin and other Wools.
Call and inspect our stock before purchasing.
T.  M.  C.  A.  BLOCK,
Columbia  Street,  Westminster.


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