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The Pacific Canadian Jan 19, 1917

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Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Jan. 19,  1917.
Number 46
Following is the full text of the Allies' reply to the
recent note of President Wilson, of the United States,
in which all the warring nations were invited to define
their aims. The reply was received in Washington
from Paris, on the night of the 11th inst, and the text
as below is the translation from the French:
"The Allied Governments have received the note
which was delivered to them in the name of the Government of the United States on the nineteenth of
December, 1916. They have studied it with the care
imposed upon them both by the exact realization which
they have of the gravitv of the hour and by the sincere
friendship which attaches them to the American people.
"In a general way they desire to declare their respect for the lofty sentiments inspiring the American
note and their whole-hearted agreement with the proposal to create a league of nations which shall assure
peace and justice throughout the world.
"They recognize all the advantages for the cause
of humanity and civilization which the institution of
international agreements, destined to avoid violent
conflicts between nations, would produce; but they
feel that agreements must imply the sanctions necessary to insure their execution and thus prevent an apparent security from only facilitating new aggressions.
A discussion of future arrangements for assuring a
durable peace presupposes a satisfactory settlement of
the present conflict; the Allies have as profound a desire as the United States to terminate as soon as possible a war for which the Central Empires are responsible and which inflicts such   cruel   sufferings   upon
Impossible at Present.
"But in their judgment it is impossible to obtain at
this moment such a peace as will not only secure to
them the reparation, the restitution and the guarantees justly due them, by reason of the act of aggression, the guilt of which is fixed upon the Central
Powers, while the very principle from which it sprang
was undermining the safety of Europe; and at the
same time such a peace as will enable future European
nations to be established upon a sure foundation. The
Allied nations are conscious that they are not fighting
for selfish interests, but above all to safeguard the independence of peoples, of right and of humanity.
"The Allies are fully aware of the losses and suffering which the war causes io neutrals as well as to
belligerents, and they deplore them; but they do not
hold themselves responsible for them, having in no
way either willed or provoked this war, and they
strive to reduce these damages in tho measure compatible with the inexorable exigencies of their defense
against the violence and the wiles of the enemy.
"It is with satisfaction, therefore, that they take
note of the declaration that the American communication is in no wise associated in its origin with that of
the Central Powers transmitted on December 18 by the
Government of the United States. They did not doubt,
moreover, the resolution of that, Government to avoid
even the appearance of a support, even moral, of the
authors responsible for the war.
Analogy Challenged.
"The Allied Governments feel it their duty to challenge in the most friendly, but also in the clearest
way, the analogy drawn between the two groups of
belligerents, This analogy, based on public declaration of the Central Powers, is in direct conflict with
the evidence, both as regards responsibility for the
past and guarantees for the future. President Wilson,
in alluding to this analogy, did not, of course, intend
to adopt it as his own.
"If there Is an historical fact established at the
present date, It is the wilful aggression of Germany and
Austria-Hungary to insure their hegemony over Europe
and their economic domination over the world. Ky
her declaration of war, hy the instant violation of Bel-
glum and Luxemburg and by her methods of warfare,
Germany has proved that she systematically scorns
every principle of humanity and all respect due to
small states. More and more, as the struggle has progressed, has the attitude of the Central Powers and
their allies been a constant challenge to humanity and
civilization. Is it necessary to recall the horrors that
marked the invasion of Belgium and Serbia, the atrocious regime imposed upon the invaded countries, the
massacre of hundreds of thousands of inoffensive Armenians, the barbarity perpetrated against the populations in Syria, the raids of Zeppelins on open towns,
the destruction by submarines of passenger steamers
and of merchantmen even under neutral flags, the
cruel treatment inflicted upon prisoners of war, the
judicial murders of Miss Cavel and Captain Fryatt,
the deportation and the reduction to slavery of civil
populations, etc.?
Concluded on Page Four
Because the Brewster Government, after taking a
reasonable time to thoroughly acquaint themselves
with their offices and with the whole Provincial situation from the standpoint of those charged by the people with the management of their affairs, have begun
deliberately to make a number of changes in the personnel of the departments at Victoria and among Government employees at other points in the Province, a
chorus of protest and denunciation has been raised by
the press devoled to the cause of the late Bowser Government, and we are told that the new Government
has already proved recreant to its patronage reform
The most recent and relied upon text for these fervent reproaches and accusations is the retirement, last
week, of Mr. Robert Renwick, for fifteen vears, as the
Government's critics point out, a member of the civil
service of the Province and for nine years of that
period occupying the important position of Deputy
Minister of Lands. No charge, it is complained, has
been made against him, but he has been removed by
Hon. T. D. Pattullo, the Ministerial head of the department, and Mr. George Naden, of the Northern
country, appointed in his stead. Hon. Mr. Pattullo has
publicly given as his reason for dismissing Mr. Renwick, nothing derogatory to that gentleman at all, but
that he desires as his deputy a man whose past affiliations he knew and whos1?"sympathy in the work of reorganization of the department he would be absolutely
assured of.
Who will say that, in all the circumstances, that is
not a perfectly good and sufficient reason for the
change Mr. Pattullo has seen fit to make? What are
the circumstances? An absolutely new Government
has just come into power, pledged to a radical reform
both in policy and administration all along the line,
and in no particular more thorough, radical, and far
reaching than with regard to the public lands of the
Province, with which Mr. Pattullo's department has
to do. The land policy of the late Government for
nearly a decade and a half of power, as graphically
epitomized by its chief spokesman, was "giving the
speculator his chance," and.-.in carrying out that
policy to the limit and beyond, administrative acts
were done which have been condemned by the courts
as violations of the Act, and justice was declared by
the Chief Justice to have been "tainted at the fountain head." The late Deputy Minister of Lands, whose
relation to the Ministerial head is almost that of an
alter ego, was necessarily, for almost the full term of
the Government, closely associated with, if not actually
saturated by, the legislative and administrative policy
that he was forced to pursue and actively assist in
carrying out.
The circumstances being as thus outlined, is it any
wonder that the new Minister of Lands, charged with
the mandate and the duty of a thorough and radical
reform of hiS/important department and all its activities, should, without making or necessarily implying
any charges of personal dereliction or dishonesty
against the Deputy Minister of Lands of the late Government, require and demand a new deputy, entirely
divorced from the old order, upon whom he can absolutely rely to loyally and sympathetically second and
implement his efforts in the arduous work of uprooting
the old order, with all the personal interests inevitably
involved, and laying well the foundations and superstructure of the new?
Remembering what Bowserism has been what its
patronage system was, in all its far reaching ramifications and manifestations: nothing less than the attempted terrorizing, corrupting and enslaving of the
whole body politic���the general public will be verv
chary about accepting the narrow and essentially partisan and selfish interpretation of patronage reform
which the Bowser organs are so anxious now to impose
upon the Brewster Government.
Consequent upon the death, the week before last,
of Hon. T. Chase Casgrain, Postmaster-General, there
has been a regular sliding up in the Borden Cabinet,
affecting two Ministers and the Speaker. Hon. E. P.
Blondin, former Secretary of State, became Postmaster-General; Hon. E. L. Patenaude, former Minister
of Inland Revenue, was advanced to Secretary of
State; while Hon. Albert S'Jvigny, Speaker, slipped
into the vacant Ministry of Inland Revenue.
In a proclamation to the German people, wliich he
hastened to emit when the Allies' reply to President
Wilson had been made public, the Kaiser indignantly
declared that "our enemies have dropped the mask,
admitted their lust of conquest and their aim to crush
Germany and enslave Europe and the seas, but they
will never achieve their aim." "Burning indignation
and holy wrath," adds the desperate war lord, "will
redouble the strength of every German. God, who
planted the spirit of freedom in German hearts, will
give us the full victory."
The Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia, it is
announced, has forwarded the sum of $28,082.13 to the
Governor-General of Canada for transmission to the
National Committee for Relief in Belgium, being a
contribution, realized by savings, from the school children of this Province for the relief of Belgian children
in that part of Belgium occupied by Germany.
Another change has recently taken place in the
Russian Premiership���Alexandre Trepoff, who succeeded Premier Sturmer so lately as November last,
having resigned, last week, and being replaced by
Prince Golitzine, a Senator and member of the Council
of the Empire. Amid all these changes in the personnel of the Government, as in the other Allied countries,
including Great Britain, there is no wavering, but
rather a strengthening and stiffening, of the inflexible
determination of the Entente to push the war to the
one conclusive and inevitable end.
Hon. John Oliver, Miruster of Railways, and in his
capacity of acting Premier, last week, took up with
MacKenzie & Mann the question of the property on
the Songhees reserve which the Canadian Northern
wants for its terminals at Victoria, and asked the company for details as to what it intends doing with the
property, and also what the company would give for
it. In plans filed by the railway with the late Government, it was indicated that the railway wanted some
forty-one acres. A mass of correspodence over this is
on file, but it is altogether too indefinite for the new
Minister of Railways.
Appreciation of the work accomplished by the Victorian Order of Nurses during the past year was expressed by the doctors of New Westminster, at the
annual meeting of the society, held last week, in the
Y.M.C.A. Several letters were read, stating that,
although the doctors were at first opposed to the Victorian Order of Nurses when it started here, they were
now in accord in testifying that the organization was
doing a great deal of work. The officers elected for
the ensuing year were: Honorary president, Mrs. G.
D. Brymner; president, Mrs. T. J. Trapp; first vice-
president, Mrs. T. J. Armstrong; second vice-president, Mrs. W. S. Collister; third vice-president, Mrs.
G. W. Levar; secretary, Mrs. C. A. Bourne; and treasurer, Mrs. L. A. Lewis.
An Order-in-Council was passed by the Provincial
Government, last week, authorizing the issuing of a
treasury note for half a million dollars to carry forward construction work on the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway. This will pay for the actual cost of labor
and material only to the end of March. No profits
will be allowed. The question of- profits to the contractors and the whole matter of the past financing of
construction on this line will be taken up later and a
definite policy be decided upon by the time the Legislature meets in February. The work is proceeding
under the strict supervision of the Government engineer. In the meantime, Price, Waterhouse & Co., who
are making a thorough audit of the Provincial accounts, have been instructed to carry out an audit of
the accounts of the P. G. E.
Sir Charles Davidson, Royal Canadian War Graft
Commissioner, after incubating an unconscionable time
over his report, has risen to relieve himself of a little
instalment, and to relieve public apprehension at the
same time on the question of those two submarines,
built for and refused by Chile, which one of our late
Premiers, Sir Richard McBride, bought at Seattle, for
about $300,0(10 more than the contract price, on the
eve of the war. Sir Charles Davidson says on this
item of his investigations (and it must be admitted he
does extend himself to pile it on pretty thick): "It is
cause for congratulation to all Canadians that this
much discussed and criticized enterprise was throughout of a blameless character. The acquisition of these
submarines probably saved -so it is believed by many,
including high naval authorities the cities of Victoria
and Vancouver, or one or other of them, from attack
and enormous tribute. What Sir Richard McBride in
those days of jjreat anxiety and distress accomplished
deserves the commendation of his fellow-countrymen.
For his motives were those of patriotism and his conduct that of an honorable man." "Or one or other of
them," is good. Might as well have included Nanaimo,
Prince Rupert, and Bella Coola. As the submarines
were never tested, it is a very inviting field for speculation as to what they might have done, had not the
Japanese cruisers, hovering menacingly off the coast,
kept the German pirates at a safe distance. Pa** a
New Westamnster, B.C., Jan. 19, 19 ^
Published every Friday from tlie Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, R. C, bj��the Pacific Canadian PRINTING
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum Tin advance];   50c.    for six
months; 25c. for three mouths; 10c. per month;   5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
Disquieting returns, reports, and rumors have been
going the rounds the last waek or two, suggesting that
prohibition   in   British  Columbia has been finally defeated   by  the   belated  overseas soldiers' vote overhauling and  over-topping  the  large vote in favor of
prohibition given throughout the Province on-September 14th last, including the soldiers' vote taken up to
that date.   The rather peculiar provision was inserted
in  the Elections Act. it will be recalled, bv the late
Government, enabling the taking of the soldiers' votes
on the two referenda -prohibition and woman suffrage
���to be continued right  up to Dec. 31st last, in the
trenches or anywhere else that soldiers could be found.
The "good  work." therefore, went right on. after
it was known, of course, just what additional votes
against prohibition  would be required to be piled up
to  overcome   the majority of 5.000 or so previously
obtained   for   the  measure.   So effectively  did the
opponents  of  the  reform avail  themselves of this
extension election   (Mr. Bowser was great on extensions) so thoughtfully provided  for them, that, "by
hook or crook," a little of both, they would appear at
the present writing to have almost, if not quite, succeeded.    Conflicting and  contradictory reports have
been  received, from prohibition and anti-prohibition
sources, as to the actual additional vote polled in the
Old Country and France respectively, but a very large
proportion of this extension vote has been secured by
the "antis,"  sufficient,   it would appear, to put the
final result in doubt,  which will not be resolved until
the official declaration is made public shortly.
In the meantime, the Soldiers' Vote Committee of
the People's Prohibition Movement, at a meeting held
in Vancouver, this week, decided to ask the Brewster
Government to investigate the whole matter of the
soldiers' vote and the prohibition referendum, including the actions of the Agent-General, Sir Richard McBride. Polls, it is alleged by prominent prohibitionists, were taken overseas without any notice being
given, from which polls it is charged most of the votes
were obtained. Evidence of many other irregularities
is also declared to be available, and hence the determination of the prohibitionists to formally ask Premier Brewster for a thorough investigation immediately on his return from the east.
Round or
Cake Pans, plain tubed and scalloped, 15c to 50c each
Story Cake Pans, round and square,    40c to 75c each
Cooks Knives, Mixing Spoons, Kitchen Forks, Etc.
Anderson   (St  Lusby
G34 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.      Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
ing else for us to do, as we did not have the money to
continue operations."
The plant of the Canadian Car & Foundry Com-
pdny, near Kingsland. New Jersey, in which were
stored hundreds of thousands of shells, valued at
$4,000,000, destined for the Russian Government, was
destroyed, earlv this week, by fire and subsequent
explosions. There was little or no loss of life. Pro-
German incendiarism is more than suspected.
The situation in Greece appears to have just about
reached a real and final, and not another halting, halfway, crisis such as we have witnessed so many times
in the affairs of that little kingdom down by the sea,
as between the Entente and Central Powers, since the
war began. On the one hand, the long-suffering
Entente Allies are reported tp have at last decided to
depose little Mr. Facing-Roth-Ways. Constantine, the
Kaiser's puppet, and replaee him by a new and more
worthy sovereign on the Greek throne���the Duke of
Aosta, cousin of King Emanuel of Italy. On the
other hand, Germany's hand being thus forced by the
immediate prospect of losing her tool and agent at
Athens, seems about to hasten the long plotted blow,
with 'Tino's assistance, at the Allies' position at
Salonica. Something is certainly going to be doing
in that particular storm centre before long and none
too soon.
As to the deposing of the puppet king, whose perfidy, treachery and trickery, manifested ever since the
commencement of the war, have richly deserved such
a fate, it is quite fitting that the former "protecting
powers" of Greece, Britain, France, and Russia, who,
at the request of the Greek people, gave them as their
king, in 1863, a Danish prince (brother of our present
Queen Dowager Alexdedra), as King (ieorge I. of
Greece, should now remove his degenerate son, Constantine, from the throne he has dishonored and from
reigning over the people whose previous proud record
he has dragged through the mire of bad faith, double
dealing, and general national infamy second only to
that of Germany, the deceiver and seducer through
her king of this Utile European state heir to a glorious
past, ancient and modern.
The Dominion Parliament was formally opened today by liis Excellency the Duke of Devonshire, the
Governor-General of Canada. The session promises
to be one of unusual inte est, as it will decide, among
other things, whether there shall be an early election.
A German commerce raider, supposed to have got
through the North Sea blockade, early in December,
under a Danish flag, has been playing havoc with Allied
arid neutral shipping in the South Atlantic, off the east
coast of South America, for weeks past, having
accounted for between twenty and thirty passenger
and freight steamers, inflicting much hardship and
suffering and some loss of life. British and Japanese
cruisers are hot on the tracK.
| PHONKS   15 and 16
*  Dealers in	
���> Small  d Rocli, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   ��e-
i- ment, Plaster. Drain Tit*., Etc.
���^ Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
i 902 Columbia S reel
I New Westminster, B. C
Two notable Americans have "crossed the divide"
within the past week���Col. Wm. Cody ("Buffalo
Bill"), picturesque plainsman, scout, buffalo-hunter,
and Indian-fighter of the romantic period of the great
American North-West, of which he was a survival;
and Admiral Dewey, the hero of Manila Bay, who,
nearlv twenty years ago, shattered, in one swift,
dramatic stroke in the Phillipines, Spain's decrepit
naval power, and assured victory to the United States
in the Spanish-American war.
the C. P. R., of which Mr. Goulet is local agent. The
matter will be brought up by Aid. Goulet, under a
question of privilege, at the next regular meeting of
the City Council, on Monday night.
Aid. Goulet has announced that he intends to get
after the perpetrator of the malicious slander against
him on election day, last week, to the effect that his
advocacy in the Council of granting a lease to the
Vulcan Iron Works of a location on the Tenth street
Market site was in pursuance of an alleged undertaking from that company to route all their business over
Two more Provincial by-elections, each of more
than merely local interest, will be held soon- in Alberni, to fill the vacancy caused bv Premier Brewster's
relinquishment of that seat, to sit for Victoria, for
which he was also returned in the general election;
and in Newcastle, which has been left without a representative by Mr. Parker Williams' acceptance of a
Commissionership on the Workman's Compensation
Board. J. F. Bledsoe has been chosen as the Liberal
candidate for Alberni, and James Wilkes, of Vancouver, a native son of Newcastle district, will run in
that riding in the Liberal interest. The Conservatives
have not yet chosen their champion in Alberni; but
the somewhat notorious ex-Socialist, more recentiy
former Conservative, capitalist member for Nanaimo,
J. H. Hawthornthwaite, will try to break into politics
again, in the Conservative, or his own, interest, in
Hon. J. H. King, Minister of Public Works, is
quoted as having made the following announcement
at Cranbrook, last week: "We had to close down public works throughout the Province.   There was noth-
traduction andThrift
Produce More and Save More
The Empire needs food. If you are not in the fighting line you may be in the producing line. Labour
is limited���all the more reason to do more than ever
before. Grow food for the men who are fighting for you. The Allies need all the food that
you can produce. Every little helps. You are responsible for your own work. If you
cannot produce as much as you would like, produce all you can. Work with the right
spirit. Put fighting energy into your effort and produce now when it counts. The more
you produce the more you can save.   Producing and saving are war-service.
Make Your Labour Efficient
In war-time do not waste time and energy on unimportant and unprofitable work. Economize labour.
Put off unproductive work till after the war, and, if
possible, help in producing something needed now. Let us not waste labour. Canada
needs it all. If possible help to feed the Allies. Make your backyard a productive garden.
Cultivate it with a will.   Make your labour count for as much as possible.
Do Not Waste Materials
There should be no waste in war-time. Canada could
pay the annual interest on her war expenditure out
of what we waste on our farms, in our factories, in
our homes. Every pound of food saved from waste is as good as a pound of increased
production. The way for a natron to save is for every individual to save. France is strong
to-day because of thrift in time of peace. The men and women of Great Britain are not
only "doing " but are learning to " do without."
Spend Your Money Wisely
finance the war.
better investment
Practise economy in the home by eliminating luxuries.   Wasting our dollars here weakens our strength
at the Front.     Your savings  will help Canada to
Save your money for the next Dominion War issue.   There oan be ao
New Westminster, B.C..  Jan. 19,1917
Page I
Eleven degrees of frost were recorded
in this city .arly Tuesday morning.
For the week ending Jan. 6 donations
to the local Prisoners of War Fund totalled $39.10.
The annual vestry meeting of Holy
Trinity Cathedral will take place in St.
George's Hall, Tuesday evening, January 23.
Jack Gifford and Eldon Cooper have
been accepted for the Royal Flying
Corps, and will leave early next month
to begin training.
Two new members were elected to the
Board of Trade Tuesday evening, Mr.
David Whiteside, M. P. P., and C. J,
Coulter, lumberman.
Provincial Constable George Pittendrigh of South Fort George, arrived in
the city, Tuesday, with a prisoner for
the Dominion Penitentiary here.
Mr. John Graham and Mr. Sidney
Malcolmson have been appointed to audit the accounts of the Hoard of Trade
for the annaal meeting to be held in the
near future.
Samuel Archer, one of the few re
maining Royal Engineers, who helped
to lay out this' city, passed away at the
Royal Columbian Hospital, this week,
aged eighty.
Mr. F. W. Anderson, M.L.A., Kamloops, who has been residing in this city
for the past two months, has moved
with his family to Victoria, where thev
will spend the winter.
Merchandise sales in New Westminster increased 14 per cent- in 1916 over
that of 1915, according to the annual report of the merchandising research committee of the Associated Advertising
Clubs of the World.
R. J. Reynolds, of Eburne, who went
to the front as a non-commissioned officer, has been appointed to the rank of
major, and has been awarded the Military Cross for bravery in two advances
on the Somme front.
The Wednesday half-holiday went into
effect for the first time this week, following the last Saturday half-holiday at
the end of last week. The Wednesday-
surcease from toil synchronized happily
with outdoor skating in the neighborhood, the result of the cold snap early
in the week, the unwonted sport being
generally enjoyed.
The Northern Pacific Railway, which
has a lease of seven waterfront lots in
the improved harbor area at the upper
end adjoining the Great Northern, will
shortly start construction of its freight
sheds there. Already a number of local
contractors have been asked to tender on
the contract. Bids are to be in by Jan.
22. Work will start about March 1. The
estimated cost is about $10,u00.
Delegates from the various Liberal organizations in the New Westminster
Federal riding will meet this (Friday)
evening in the Liberal Club rooms to organize a Federal Liberal Association.
Representatives of Liberal organizations
from New Westminster city, Burnaby,
Delta, Richmond, Surrey, and Langley
will be in attendance. A constitution
will be adopted and officers elected.
There was a large crowd at the C.P.R.
depot Wednesday night to give the 225th .
(Kootenay) Battalion a hearty send-off
on their departure for overseas. All
told 427 men and 20 officers entrained,
the remainder staying behiud for fufure
drafts or being declared medically unfit.
Col. MacKay did not accompany the battalion, which was broken up.
George Trapp, son of Mr. T. J. Trapp,
has left for England to take a course in
aviation as a candidate for the Royal
Naval Flying Corps, in which his brother
Stanley was a sub - lieutenant when
killed. Two other brothers are in khaki.
Tom, the eldest, went overseas with the
131st Battalion as major, and Donovan,
the youngest, is in France with the Canadian Engineers
Frank Jones, an Indian, was hanged
at the Provincial Jail, this city, Wednesday morning, for the murder of Gus
Hall, an elderly Norwegian, on October
7th last, the murdered man having been
found dead in bed in his shack near
Popcum, with a bullet wound in his
breast. The evidence in the case, which
was circumstantial, was reviewed at Ottawa, and it was decided that commutation of the sentenee was not justified.
The Young Liberal Association of the
city held a smoker in the Liberal Club
rooms, Saturday evening. Interesting
addresses were given by Mr. J. W. deB.
Farris, M.L.A., Vancouver, and Mr.
David Whiteside, M. L A., New Westminster. The orchestra of the 225th
Battalion rendered a number of selections. A collection was taken in aid of
the Oveaseas Tobacco Fund.
There was a large attendance on both
Friday and Saturday evenings last, at
the Opera House, when Marguerite
Clark was shown in pictures in "Little
Miss George Washington," and llaby
Osborne in "Shadows and Sunshine."
The show was given under the auspices
of the Admiral Arbutlmot Chapter ot the
Daughters of the Umpire and the bulk of
the receipts will be used to purchase
comforts for prisoners of war. On Friday evening, Miss Ida Davis, of Port Coquitlam, rendered a solo, and on Saturday evening Miss Ebbie Harris aud Mr.
Wm. McCloy sang.
Robert Edward Hogan, aged 47, a native son, died Tuesday evening at the
Royal Columbian Hospital of pneumonia.
He was a son of the late Henry Hogan,
who came to British Columbia (rom Australia in 1S5.S and established the first
soda water factory in this eitv. Deceased, who was unmarried, had been
engaged in the hotel business in this
city for many years, being latterly associated with his brother-in-law, Capt. A.
G. Peters, in the Premier Hotel. He
was a member of the Eagles and Foresters orders. His is survived by three
sisters, Mrs. Capt L. H. Ford, Mrs.
Capt. A. G. Peters, and Mrs. Capt. F.
Mayers, all of this city. His parents
and two brothers are dead. The funeral
took place this afternoon at 2 p.m., from
the residence of Capt. Peters, 513 Ninth
City Assessment Reduced.
City Assessor Frank Broad has completed the assessment for 1917. It totals
$13,540,295 of taxable property, land and
improvements. The gross land valuation
is $17,536,740; exemptions such as school
grounds and parks, Government property, etc., are 54,078,075; taxable improvements are $81,900. In 1916 gross
land valuation was $19,524,150; exemptions, $4,524,125; court of revision reductions, $44,200; taxable improvements,
$81,900; net taxable total, $15,036,725.
Approximately a 10 per cent, reduction
has been made iu the taxable land values
of last year.
City  Market.
The wintry aspect to-day only slightly
interfered with the success of the weekly
market. Meats were in good supply,
particularly pork and veal, at following
prices: Pork, 13c to 17c, veal, 14c to 17c;
beef, 7c to 10c. Poultry was again a
leading feature, with unusually brisk
trading owing to Monday being Chinese
New Year. As high as 25c per lb was
asked and obtained for hens, live, and
30c for springs, but the price settled to
20c to 24c and 22c to 25c, respective] v.
with ducks selling at 25c. Eggs sti 1
sold at 45 to 47c per doz wholesale an I
50c retail, and butter at 50c retail. Potatoes registered a distinct advance, $30
per ten and $1.50 i er sack, with good
demand for carload lots. Apples remained at 75c to $1 25 per box, with not
much doing,
Big Mill Opposite City.
Managing Director J. G. Robson, of
the Timberland Lumber Co., announces
that his company will erect a big lumber
mill just opposite this city at South
Westminster. The site, some sixty-four
acres, with about 2,000 feet of water
frontage, has already been secured, and
construction will begin probably about
June next. The mill will have a capacity of 100,000 feet a day, representing
an investment, including the site, of
about $200,000, and will employ a hundred or more men at the start. The
mill will have facilities for handling
large timbers up to 120 feet in length,
and it is proposed to specialize in this
class of business. It is proposed to
build cottages for the workmen, and later other mills will be added, such as a
shingle mill, box factory, sash and door
factory, etc.
Rural Municipal Elections.
A lot of the rural municipalities, in
their elections last Saturday, followed
the example of the cities and declared
for a Wednesday half-holiday, among
others being Richmond, Surrey, Delta,
Matsqui, Burnaby, Coquitlam, Mission,
Hammond, and Pitt Meadows
In Surrey, Sullivan was elected Reeve
by 395 over Alcock, with 182. Reeve
Fraser was re-elected in Burnaby, getting 1199 votes to 314 for bis opponent,
Lewis. Coun. Coldicutt was beaten in
Ward II. by Webb, who nosed out with
194 to COldicutt'- 186. In Coquitlam,
Philp was elected Reeve by 112 votes,
over Mars, who got 78. J. A. Catherwood beat J. R. Cade for the Reeveship
of Mission, 157 to 56. There was a contest for Councillors only in Pitt Meadows,
and the following were elected in order:
Blaney, Harris, Hall. Herring, and Mc-
The People's
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -       373
West End branch       -       650.
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
Week End
Mane Doro
At the Kdison Monday & Tuesday
St. Stephen's Annual Meeting.
Reports of all the organizations of St.
Stephen's Presbvterian Church at the
annual meeting on Tuesday evening,
showed that the church was in a very
healthy condition. The report of the
church treasurer, Aid. Wm. McAdam,
was especially interesting, showing a
balance after all bills had been paid.
The three retiring managers, Aid. McAdam and Messrs. J. G. Robson and J.
H. Vidal, were re-elected for another
year by an unanimous vote. On tlie motion of Mr. R, A. Little, seconded by
Mr. V. Warran, a vote of appreciation
for services rendered during the past
year was tendered to the pastor, Rev.
M. G. Melvin. General regret was expressed at the inability oi Mr. Melvin to
be iu attendance, owing to tin- fact that
he is in the Vancouver General Hospital
undergoing an operation.
Pacific Brand Milk, 20 oz.
tins; each 10c
Clarke's Tomato or Vegetable
Soii]j; regular 2 for 25 cents;
special, per tin 10c
Purity Wheat Flakes; reg. 25c
pkgs, special 20c
Olive Oil
Napoleon Brand; bot. ea...30c
Tins, each  50c, $1 and $1.75
i ���           ;
t s,
% Royal Crown          ���;���
A ?
2 Cleanser;   extra  large  pack-  ���{<
V  ages,  each ftc  %
X *
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    HEW WESTMINSTER
Mr. C. F. Green, a former old tinier
of Ladner, but a resident of San Jose,
Cal., for some ten years, died at his
home there, on Sunday last. The funeral took place at San Jose, Wednesday,
when the body was cremated. Besides
his wife and one daughter, Miss Ethel
Green, who were with him at the time
of his death, Mr. Green leaves seven
others to mourn his loss. They are:
Mrs. II. X.Rich, Ladner, B. C.; Mrs.
Ernest Lefrov, Fast Delta; Mrs. Carter,
Victoria; Mrs. Crane, Sonienos, B. C.J
Mrs. J. Pacy, Vancouver; Mr. J. Green,
Ladner, B. C.; and Mr. A. (heen, Terrace, 1.. C.
Trio of Fatal Accidents.
The superstition that serious accidents,
like other misfortunes, never come singly, had another confirmation on Saturday
last, when there were four automobile
casualties, three in and about Vsncouver,
accounting for at least two fatalities and
two oases of serious injury, with a fifth
badly bruised.
One ot the fatal and most pitiful mishaps was that which befel Mrs. E. A.
Dixon, a visitor in the city, who, witb
her husband, Lieut. B. A. Dixon, of the
Yukon Battalion, had the misfortune to
be run over by an automobile driven by
Mrs. H. C. Johnston, wife of a C. P. R.
conductor, on Granville street near the
Vancouver Hotel, Mrs Dixon being so
seriously injured that she died a few
minutes after being removed to the
General Hospital, and her husband being
badly hurt about the face and head. It
would appear that the unfortunate couple
tried to cross about thirty feet south ol
the proper crrssing.
The other fatal accident was also of a
peculiarly harrowing nature, resulting in
the instant death, through fracturing of
the skull, of David Pendergast, a well
known logger of Surrey. The automobile, which was driven by his daughter,
turned turtle on the Pacific Highway,
near Campbell River, Saturday night,
and the unfortunate man was thrown
out, landing on his head. Several ladies,
as well as the driver, escaped without
serious injuries.
'As a result of being run over by a jitney on Hastings st., Vancouver, Saturday, about midnight, a young man
named L. Strom, a logger, sustained a
fractured skull, and the jitney driver,
William Murphy, was held for reckless
A little lad, Willie Jessop by name, was
the victim of the fourth auto accident,
having been run over on Marine Drive,
West Vancouver, Saturday afternoon.
Fortunately, he was only badly bruised.
Mr. C. A. Welsh, president, and Mayor Gray, secretary, of the Board of Trade,
and Mr. L. B. Lusby, will represent the
local board at the Associated Boards of
Trade convention at Kamloops. Mr.
Nels Nelson was appointed alternate.
��     s
The  Midwinter  Sale   Closes
Make the Most of the Remaining
Shopping Days
Women's and Misses Winter Coats. Two Big Specials. Priced
at $7.50 and $12.50
Every garment worth almost douhle the sale price. Made of
excellent grade all Wool Fabrics, in medium and dark colors.
With or without belt; with lots of fulness in skirt and good
Cloth Skirts���regular values to $8.50.    Sale price $5.58
Many styles are in new models. Serges .in pure all wool quality.
In shades of Brown, Navy, Oreen aud Black, and Black and
White Fabrics.
Wool Dress Fabrics priced for quick selling.    Lots
at 33c, 48c and 98c
Many half usual price and less.    See these bargains early.
%4&bW>***4^<to<^M<"Mrt*W& ******* #4
Eyestrain  and Wrinkles
Go together both are brought
on bv attempting to read or
work WITHOUT Glasses when
Glasses are NECESSARY !
We can tit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinkles
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
and  Optician
i'  ,^X"_"h��M~M^><K~K-*<K~>K~><^M^><4' ********&****>*b4r*4ffy*1r*44f+**f^
Onr business consists of
Writing Fire, Life, Plate (Mass and
Automobile Insurance
Renting Farms and Dwellings
Drawing  Documents.     Collecting
Rents and   Interest
A share of  your business solicited
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
Phones:   150-732
Belyea $ Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
R��M. Conness
Mable Trundle
"The Martyrdom of
Philip Strong"
Released bv Famous Players
Mon. and Tue.
Marie DORO
"Oliver Twist"
From Charles Dickens'   Famous
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Store 59       Oflice 196
Machinery   and    Auto   Dept.   691
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St. Phone 105 Pa*e 4
New Westminster. B.C., Jan. 19, 1917
Concluded from Page One
"The execution of such a series of
crimes perpetrated without any regard
for universal reprobation fully explains
to President Wilson the protest of the
Allies. *
"They consider that the note which
they sent to the United States in reply
to the German will be a response to the
questions put by the American Government and according to the exact words
of the latter constitute 'a public declaration as to the conditions upon which the
war could be determined.'
The Allied Demands.
"President Wilson desires more; he
desires that the belligerent powers
openly affirm the objects which thev
seek by continuing the war; the Allies
experience no difficulty in replying to
this request. Their objects in the war
are well known; they have been formulated on many occasions by the chiefs of
their divers governments. Their objects
in the war will not be made known in
detail, with all the equitable compensations and indemnities for damages suf-
ferred, until the hour of negotiations.
But the civilized world knows that they
imply iu all necessity aud in the first
instance the restoration of Belgium, of
Serbia, and of Montenegro, and the indemnities which are due them; the
evacuation of the invaded territories of
France, of R-ussia, and of Roumania,
with just reparation; the reorganization
of Europe, guaranteed by a stable settlement based alike upon the principles of
nationalities, on the right which all
people, whether small or great, have to
the enjoyment of full security and free
economic development, and also upon
territorial agreements and international
arrangements so framed as to guarantee
land and sea frontiers against unjust
attacks; the restitution of provinces or
territories wrested in the past from the
Allies by force or against the will of
their populations; the liberation of Italians, of Slavs, of Roumanians and
Tcheco Slavoques from foreign domination; the enfranchisement of populations
subject to the bloody tyranny of the
Turks; the expulsion from Europe of
the Ottoman Empire, which has proved
itself so radically alien to western civilization .
Liberty  and Justice.
"The intentions of His Majesty the
Kmperor of Russia regarding Poland
have been elearly indicated in the proclamation whicli he has just addressed
to his armies. It goes without saying
that, though the Allies wish to liberate
Europe from the brutal covetousness of
Prussian militarism, they never have
had design, as has been alleged, to
encompass the extermination of the
German peoples and their political disappearance. That which tbey desire
above all is to insure a peace'upon the
principles of liberty and justice, upon
the inviolable fidelity to international
obligations with which the Government
of the United States has never ceased
to be inspired.
"United in the pursuits of this supreme
object, the Allies are determined individually and collectively to act With all
their power and to consent to all sacrifices to bring to a victorious close a
conflict upon which they are convinced
not only their own safety and prosperity
depend, but also the future of civilization
"They recognize all the benefits wliich
will accrue to the cause of humanity and
civilization from the institution of international arrangements designed to prevent violent conflicts between nations,
and so framed as to provide the sanctions necessary to their enforcement,
lest an illusory security should serve
merely to facilitate fresh acts of aggression."
Separate Belgian Reply.
Besides participating as one of the
Allies iu the joint reply to President
Wilson, Belgium sent a separate note ou
her owu account with the Entente reply,
in which "the Government; of the King"
of Belgium as it was phrased, paid
tribute to the "sentiment of humanity
which prompted ' the President of the
United States to send his note to the
belligerent powers," and also expressed
gratitude tor the "most ardent sympathy
manifested for the oppressed Belgian
nation" by the American people, through
the work of the Am rican Relief Commission, since the outbreak of the war.
"But the President seems to believe,"
says the note, "that the statesmen of
the two opposing camps pursue the same
objects of war. The example of Belgium
Unfortunately demonstrates that this is
in no wis. the fact. Belgium has never,
like the Central Powers, aimed at conquests. The barbarous fashion in which
tin- German Government has treated,
and is still treating the Belgian nation
does not permit the supposition that
Germany will preoccupy herself with
guaranteeing in the future the rights of
the weak nations, which she bas not
ceased to trample under foot since the
war let loose by her began to desolate
"Belgium only desired," continues
the note, "to live upon good terms with
all her neighbors, aud she practiced with
scrupulous loyalty towards each one of
them the duties Imposed by her neutrality. She has been rewarded by
Germany, for the confidence she placed
in her, by the violation of her neutrality, and the Chancellor of tbe Umpire,
when announcing -to the Reichstag this
violation of right and of treaties, wis
obliged to recognize the iniquity of such
an act and predetermine that it would be
repaired, lint the Germans, after the
occupation of Belgium territory, bave
displayed no better observance of the
rules ol international law or tile stipulations of The Hague convention. They
have, by taxation, as heavy as it i-. arbitrary, drained the resources of the country, they have Intentionally ruined its
Industries, destroyed whole cities, put to
deatii and imprisoned a considerable
number of inhabitants. Kven now,
while thev are loudly proclaiming their
desire to put an end to the horrors of
war, thev increase the rigors of the occupation by deporting into servitude Belgian workers by the thousands.
"If there is a country which has the
right to say that it has taker, up arms to
defend its existence, it is assuredly Belgium. Compelled to fight or submit to
shame, she passionately desires that an
end be brought to the unprecedented
sufferings of her population. But she
could only accept a peace which would
assure her, as well as equitable reparation, security and guarantees for the
In conclusion, the Belgian note expresses the "legitimate hope that at the
time of the definite settlement of this
long war the voice of the Entente
Powers will find in the United States a
unanimous echo to claim in favor of the
Belgian nation, innocent victim of German ambition and covetousness, the
rank and the place which its irreproachable past and valor of its soldiers, its
fidelity to honor and its remarkable
faculties for work assigned to it among
the civilized nations."
In the examinations oi the Associated
Board of the Royal Academy of Music
and Royal College of Music, the following candidates, all pupils of Mrs. and
Miss Cave-Browne-Cave, were successful:
Muriel Shepbard, Ellen Patchell, Margaret MacKenzie, Ruby Thompson, Bessie Hudson, Elsie Butcher, Walter Lan-
ning, Ruth McSweene, Kathleen Cheal,
Marjory Lanning, Annie May Smith and
Jean McDflirmid.
Returned Soldiers' Concert.
The Returned Soldiers' Association of
this city gave a concert in the Edison
Theatre, on Sunday afternoon last, the
proceeds of which will be used for the
new club rooms. The theatre was filled
to capacity. The interesting feature of
the programme were the series of talks
by returned soldiers, who gave the au-
u'ience a glimpse ol conditions at the
(rout and in German prison camps. The
speakers included Sergt.-Major Robinson, 1). C. M., Sergt. Fred. F. Wells,
Sergt. Fred. Burnett, I'te. Gordon Drew,
Pte. James Mackie and Pte. T. A. Barnard. Sergt. Wells and I'te. Drew have
each lost an arm and Sergt. Burnett has
lost an arm.
The City Council.
The last meeting of the retiring City
Council of 1916 was held Mondav morning at 11 o'clock, as provided by law,
and was purely a formal one for handing-
over the civic business to their successors.
The new Council sat immediately afterwards, at 12 o'clock, and organized
for 1917, the principal business being the
appointment of the chairmen of the
standing committees, as follows: Finance, Aid. Jardine; Board of Works,
Aid. Lynch; Fire and Parks, Aid. Johnston; Water and Police, Aid. Dodd;
Light, Aid. Goulet; Harbor and Market,
Aid. Mathers; Health and Library, Aid.
McAdam. Aid. Johnston was appointed
permanent acting Mavor. Aid. Jardine
and Mathers weoe appointed to represent
the Council on the Hospital Board.
This year all committees will consist
of the entire Council, and a weekly committee meeting will be held on Wednesday afternoon in addition to the regular
Council meeting Monday evening.
SEALED TENDERS, superscribed
"Tender for Junk," will lie received by
the undersigned up to M o'clock noon of
Wednesday, the 31st day of January,
The junk can be seen in the basement
of the Court House, New Westminster,
on application to the Janitor.
The highest or any tender not necessarily accepted.
Government Agent.
Government Agent's Office.
New Westminster, B. C,
Kith Tanuary, 1917.
The Daughters of the Empire will
bold a tag day in this city on Feb. 3, in
aid of the overseas branch of the V. M.
C. A.
Capt. Frederick Courtney Selous, author and hunter, who accompanied Theodore Roosevelt on his hunting expedition
in 19H9, has been killed in action in
East Africa. Capt. Selous was well
known in British Columbia, having several times visited this province and the
Yukon in quest of big game.
The new C. N. R. car shops at Port
.Mann have been completed and are
ready for the installation of the necessary equipment and machinery. Two
carloads of machinery have already arrived and further shipments are on the
way from the East. It is expected that
the shops will be at work manufacturing
flat cars for freight service by the first
of March, and that about three hundred
men will be employed.
The annual convention of the Associated Boards of Trade of British Columbia
will be helil at Kamloops, on Wednesday, Jan. 24, at 11 a. in. Mr. C. H.
Stuart-Wade, honorary secretary-treasurer, is issuing notices to all Boards of
Trade ill the Province, and the president, Mr. G. (). Buchanan, urges all
boards to be represented. The agenda
embraces sixteen subjects of great interest lo British Columbia, and prominent
speakers are being invited to deal with
Special subjects of vital interest.
Ai llu- annual meeting of the Fraser
Valley Milk Producers' Association, the
week before last, the following were
elected members of the board of directors: II. W. Vanderhoff, W. J. Park,
John W. Berry, C. F��� Kckert, E. D.
Barrow, Alex. Davis and C Kvans. The
board will later elect a president, vice-
president and secretary. The one question discussed at the meeting was
whether tbe association shall enter the
retail business or simply deal direct with
the dealers. After taking up every angle
of tbe question, no decision was reached.
The annual financial statement for
X u Westminster schools has been issued, showing the total expenditures for
1916 ms $103,820, of which $32,513,10 was
ihe Government grant, The average
cost of each pupil's education in the
schools of the city l.isl year was $25.87
per capita - for High School pupils $39.-
31 per capita, and in public schools $22,-
93, A total of 2,029 pupils attended
public schools last year, and 336 in the
High School, There were seventy-one
teachers on the staffs and $88,683 was
paid out in salaries. An increase in
teachers' salaries this year was forecasted .
We Serve
Many-Let Us
Serve You
Our   groceries   are   of   Rood
quality and our prices are
Best Canadian Cheese per
lb. 30c
Quality Cooking EgKs,doz..40
Golden Dew Butter, lb 50c
Heinz Apple Butter, 25c
jar 15c
Golden Loaf Flour is a Rood
bread flour, 49-lb hag ..$2.50
Bulk Laundry Starch, 2lb��15
Pur Jam (B.C. Pure Fruit and
B.C.   Granulated    Sugar)
Strawberry, Raspberry, Black
Currant,   etc;   Broder's or
Empress; 4-lb tin 75c
Sultana Raisins, 16-oz. pkg.15
Butter Cup Milk, large tins-.it)
Naval Oranges, sweet and
juicy 24 for 25c
Swift's Pure Lard, 3s 70c
5s. $1.10
Bath Soap, just arrived, three
cakes .25c
Model Grocery
Matheson ii Jacobsoii
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Winter Coats
$ 12.95
Twenty only in the'present lot offered at this price; materials are heavy tweeds
and plain fancy coatings; some of them lined throughout with silk and satin
linings; coats are in misses' aud women's sizes up to 40; regular values up to
$27.50.    January Sale Price, each .' '. $12.95
Flannelette Underwear
Excellent values in all white Flannelette Night Dresses, Drawers, Underskirts;
anticipate your needs and save money through buying NOW.
FI,ANNKI.ETTK  NIGHTGOWNS Cut  in  good   full sizes; in slipover or
button front styles, nicely trimmed; special out sizes lor stout women.
Kach $1.00 to $2.00
DRAWERS ��� Per pair qqc t0 85c
UNDERSKIRTS Kach 60c to $.100
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store  for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Manufacturers of   Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Office and   Works:
New Westminster, B. G.
James & McClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You  needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
-Nrlneioal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly,. 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
Holders of thia stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.
OCTOBER 7th, 1916. ,
No. 4 $21.00
No. 6 $33.50
No. 9 $66 50
No. 10     $102.00
Xo. 11 $137.00
Thousands of Records, all the latest, to select
from. A large stock of Victrolas; every style and
finish. Comfortable parlors to see and hear them.
The same privacy and convenience as though in
your own home. A small cash payment, balance
easy terms, makes you the owner of one.
Model 30 $40.00
Model 50 $68.50
Model 75 $100.00
Violins, Mandolins, Ban-
jos, lUe.    :    :     :     :      ;
Sewing machines
521 Columbia St.
New Westminster, B. C.


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