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The Pacific Canadian Mar 31, 1916

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 Pr��fimi��l Library,
\b
Vi*t��ri*i
THE   PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, March 31, 1916.
Number 4
PROSTITUTING PROHIBITION.
While all the facts are still comparatively fresh in the public mind, it will not he unprofitable, but on the contrary will be
instructive and edifying, to trace the tortuous and devious trail
which the Bowser Government has followed from first to last
on the great moral issue of Prohibition, as distinguished from
the perfectly frank and straightforward course of the Liberal
Opposition. We say Bowser Government advisedly, for Sir
Richard McBride, before abdicating the leadership to Mr.
Bowser, did, after considerable delay and with evident reluctance, promise the Prohibitionists, in response to their repeated
requests for a pronouncement, thut he would refer the question
to the people in the form of a plebiscite, and legislation based
on tbe result of the vote.
.Movement had that day received a letter from Premier Bowser
(at Kamloops, apparently), " in answer to their request for a
definite reply from the Premier on or before Feb. 26. t't.
Bowser has replied that, owing to the fact that Feb. 26th is the
date on which the two 'by-elections fall, he would be unable to
fulfill the request on that date, and suggested leaving tbe matter over until after tha opening of the session, the first week in
March, when the members of the House could be consulted.
The executive of the People's Prohibition Movement," continued
the World, "have replied in the negative, and as a result Monday, Feb. 28th" (giving the Government the advantage of the
results of the Vancouver and Rossland by-elections) "was fixed
for a conference with Mr. Bowser, when it will be decided whiit
future action will be taken in the matter."
HERE AND THERE.
Germany having "taken on" little Portugal, some weeks
ago, as an enemy, because the latter commandeered German
ships interned in Portuguese ports, Portugal will now take a
hand in putting Germany off the mapL-of Africa at least.
Ontario is away ahead yet of Premier Bowser on the Prohibition question. The Government there propose passing a
measure of immediate prohibition%r the period of the war at
least, and submit it to the people as a referendum after the
war.    Buck up, Bowser!
To quote at this point from the Vancouver World, recognized and ollficial organ of the People's Prohibition Movement
and with a strong Conservative bias, date of February 7th ult.:
" The reply of Sir Richard McBride, while it promised a reference to the electorate and an understanding that the Government's action would 'be guided by that vote, was not satisfactory in other details, either announced or implied. His suggestion of a complicated ballott, especially, was viewed with
much disfavor in Prohibition circles. On the advent of Mr.
Bowser to power, he was asked, together with the Liberal
leader, Mr. Brewster, and the present Opposition -leader, Mr.
Parker Williams, for his attitude to the policy of the August
convention. Mr. Brewster alone has so far replied. He wrote
as follows":
Mr. Brewster's letter, which was dated at Victoria, Jan. 12,
1916, and addressed to Jonathan Rogers, Esq., president of the
People's Prohibition Movement, Vancouver, we also reproduce
from the World of Feb. 7th ult:
Dear Sir,���Your letter of the 5th inst., enclosing resolution
of your convention of last August and requesting my views as
leader of the Liberal party, has been received.  ���
I am enclosing for your information a copy of the resolutions passed by the Liberal Provincial Executive, last September, in which the Liberals, having in mind the great issue of
Prohibition now so prominently before the public, as well as
bother questions of moral and economic importance, which
should 'be dealt with in an equally non-partisan manner, pledged
themselves that, should the Liberals be elected to power, they
will establish the principle of direct legislation.
Under this method, and I believe only under this method.
can the wishes of the People's Prohibition Party for a test of
public sentiment free from the entangling influence of politics
be made.
I wish to point out also that under the practice of direct
legislation it is not imperative to demand the production of the
petition showing such sentiments to exist, when the Government has reason to feel that electoral opinion preponderates in
favor of any issue or measure. The Government can initiate
desirous legislation, pass it through the various stages of Parliament and have it come into effect when it has receive I the
votes of a majority of the electorate.
This is a broad principle which can be employed to ootain
a mandate from the electorate upon the great questions aifect-
ing the country, the only requisite being the assistance of a
sufficient volume of electoral sentiment to ,put the legislative
machinery in motion.
Thanking you for the opportunity of placing the views of the
Liberal party before you, I am, yours truly,
H.  C. BREWSTER.
The scene then shifts to Victoria, Feb. 29tli (the Government, apparently, had not recovered by the 28th from the
Unock-out received at Vancouver on the evening of the 26th),
tlie World again loquitur: "A strong representative deputation from the Prohibition forces of the Province waited on the
Government at noon today and presented a demand for an
immediate and decisive answer as to their attitude on Prohibition. Different speakers ^presented the case to the Government
for two hours, and at the conclusion Premier Bowser asked all
the delegates to remain over until 4 o'clock, when he would be
prepared to make a decisive statement. Mr. Bowser said he
would hold a hurried meeting of the Cabinet in the meantime
and he would be prepared to give a definite answer at that hour.
The Premier said that he not only considered he was bound by
the statement made previously by Sir Richard McBride, but his
idea was that the former Premier had not gone far enough.
He excused himself for not answering the demand of the Prohibitionists before, on the plea of ill health." (A few days before, it will be recalled, the .plea was the by-elections! j Premier Bowser added, according to the World (very significantly,
especially as to the proviso): "Your cause is stronger now
than when you first met me, provided the liquor men cannot
combat your representations!"
Mr. Pooley has withdrawn his motion in the House the aim
of which was to unseat Messrs. Brewster and Macdonald on.
account of alleged technical irregularities by the returning
officers. Mr. Pooley's explanation wae that of the small boy
who rings a door-bell and thei runs���that he "was only fool-
in'." For Mr. Bowser's "mock parliament," we suppose that
sort of thing is all right.
The Nelson News (we can't imagine where it got the idea)
says: "George Kennedy, who has founded more newspapers
in, British Columbia than any other man, with the possible
exception of Col. Lowry, is to the front with a new Liberal
weekly at New Westminster." Until We know just what the
gallant Colonel's record is, we cannot say on whom the cold
water refreshments are.
The woman suffrage*bill introduced in the Provincial Legislature by Mr. J: H. Place (Nanaimo) is going to seriously embarrass the "solid" thirty-eight, or a good many 0f them. Tke
bill, if passed, would make woman suffrage effective June 1st
next, which would practically insure the carrying of the Prohibition referendum. As Mr. Bowser controls his "solid" following whenever he really wants to, it won't do to allow them
to become "liquid" on this question.
And now for the grand climax���the successful gaffing of
the gamey Government fish by the triumphant Prohibitionists,
after having been given such a hard run for their money. Let
one of the enthusiastic Prohibitionist delegates, Mr. Malkin, of
Vancouver, who ha.ppens to have summarized it very aptly, give
us the grand finale: "The Government's reply was very satisfactory," he declared. "Everything we asked for was granted.
The policy as laid down by Hon. W. J. Bowser is so satisfactory
indeed that everything we asked for has been promised. Mr.
Bowser was very frank in his statements to us. He said that
it was his ambition to draft the very best legislation possible.
He would take the best features nut of the Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta laws, and with legislation of his own
endeavor to make the Bowser Act���that is what he called it���
the best prohibition law in existence. The prohibition people
realize now that Mr. Bowser is in line with the policy of the
party, but he did not wish to make an announcement until he
was ready to make up his mind as to the nature of the legislation to be submitted to the people. It is now up to the people
to say whether or not they want prohibition."
"Hon. Mr. Bowser," to take up the tale from the World,
"asked for an opportunity to consult his cabinet" (this, be it
remembered, was early in January, and a cabinet meeting was
afterwards held in Kamloops), "and," to take the story again
from the World, "his illness, which almost immediately supervened, necessitated hia visit to Kamloops. Hon. Mr. Boss,
acting 'Premier, acknowledged the letter" (reciting the fact
of Mr. Bowser's absence and promising that the matter would
be placed before the Premier at the earliest opportunity). "The
first meeting" (evidently meaning Cabinet meeting) "since
then," continues the World of Feb. 7th ult., "as is well known,
took place at Kamloops, last week. It is presumed that the
subject was considered then and that an answer will be available before the House meets. The Prohibition people are seeking from Hon. Mr. Bowser an amplification of Sir Richard's
undertaking, and a more specific reply on a number of vital
details."
Evidently, President Rogers wae on hand, hoping for something definite from the Cabinet meeting at Kamloops, but was
disappointed; for the World of the same date as above significantly says: "At Saturday night's meeting, President Rogers
reported a visit to the Premier at Kamloops, at which he had
discussed in an informal way many phases of the Prohibition
issue. These will be more fully discussed at the meeting with
the Premier later in the month."
Is it necessary to add anything to this simple recital, from
the official chronicles of the People's Prohibition'Movement, of
how Premier Bowser was run down and bagged in the Prohibition net and compelled to concede, at the point of the harpoon,
so to speak, the very solution which the Liberal party had proposed and freely offered, six months before, for the settlement
of this great non-partisan, moral question? Well, only this:
That, no sooner was Premier Bowser safely landed and hung up
hy the gills in the Prohibition wigwam than lie had the impudence and political viciousness���the essentia] traitorousness
to the best interests of the cause he had under duress pretended
'���< espouse���to suggest, to actually charge, and through himself and his echoes to offensively reiterate at every opportunity,
that the Liberal party, which had provided the solution which
he had been literally forced to accept, was in league with the
liquor interests to defeat Prohibition!���thus gratuitously dragging the question, to Its hurt and prejudice, back into the
arena of partisan politics, out of which it had been lifted and
out of which every patriotic citizen wished it to be kept.
Discussing the situation editorially, a little later, the World
explained that Mr. Bowser had definitely assumed the undertaking of his predecessor���namely, a reference to the people in
the form of a plebiscite and legislation based on the result of
the vote���but that the Prohibitionists were "seeking assurances which go much further. . . . They are asking for
a referendum, not," the World hastened to explain, "because
of any predilection for dirtc legislation, but In order to settle'
finally and definitely that, if the vote of the people is favorable, the legislation giving effect to that vote will exactly express the'Prohibitionist idea. No plebiscite which fails to make
���provision against, any tampering with or qualification of the following legislation can be accepted by the Prohibition people."
In other words, the very solution which the Liberal party,
through their consistent "direct legislation," referendum policy
had proposed and voluntarily offered for the settlement of the
question, the Prohibition people, according to their official
organ, were determined to force Premier Bowser to concede.
And, as the record shows, the Prohibition people had their
work cut. out landing their elusive and reluctant quarry. Tliey
chased him from Victoria to Kamloops, from Kamloops to
Vancouver, from Vancouver to Victoria, and only harpooned
him when they got him between the devil of the unprecedented
Vancouver knock-down and the deep sea of another dreaded
tidal wave at Victoria. Continuing the serial, the Wovid or
Feb. 21st recites that the executive of the People's Prohibition
SONGHEES RESERVE SCANDAL
The Songhees Reserve affair, out of which, it will he re-
'called, Mr. J. S. Matson, owner of the Colonist, News-Advertiser, and several-other Government newspapers, received from
the public treasury $75,000 (besides $30,000 to the late Harry
Helmcken) as a sort of expert in assisting to persuade the- Indians to accept $300,000 from the Government and get off the
reserve, has been the subject of an exhaustive���and incidentally exhausting���Inquiry for weeks past by a select committee,
the lion's share of the work of which falls upon the Opposition
and especially upon the two Liberal members. The investigation, of course, has confirmed all the main features of the case
pointed out by the Opposition in their educative campaigns
throughout tlie Province, and has brought out many interesting details besides. Mr. Matson, for instance, acknowledges
receipt of the amount, hut can't furnish very accurate particulars as to its disbursement���never kept books in his life, and
beyond $30,000 to liis paper the News-Advertiser, $5,000 to his
paper the Colonist, something less than $25,000 which was his
personal share, and $250 paid by cheque to Rev. Mr. Hicks
for services with the Indians, everything else was "thrown
around promiscuous," so to speak, in cash, paid to the Indians
from time to time to keep tbem in the right frame of mind.
Where Mr. Matson's recollection is that he paid money in this
way by the $100 or $200, the. Indians, who have been on the
stand lately, can only recall getting amounts like $1 or $2 instead, but what's the odds?���the money was lost to the treasury in any event. In justice to Mr. Matson, it should be said
that, In answer to a friendly prompting from a Governmont
member of the committee, he generously (to himself) declared
that he wouldn't go through the agony again for twice $75,000!
������so that we may congratulate the Province on Retting off
very lightly, Indeed!
Very transparent is Premier Bowser's bluff about sitting
to the first of June, if necessary, to give the Opposition unlimited opportunity to use the probe, taken in connection
with his assertion that the Estimates must first he rushed
through (because the Government had allowed the fiscal year
to nearly run its course before calling the House together).
The bluff is also evidently intended as a screen for Premier
Bowser's manifest design to postpone the general election as
long as possible���to what he thinks may prove a more convenient season.
Reports have been varying and conflicting about the fortunes of the American punitive expedition in pursuit of Villa,
but by latest accounts at time of writing the wily bandit appeared to have a safe lead and to be making good his escape
into the mountain fastnesses. His pursuers, who have penetrated over two hundred miles into Mexican territory, were
hampered greatly by the transport problem, in the absence or
permission so far from the Carranza Government to uee the
railways. The disquieting rumors of the possibility of the
American force being cut off and surrounded by a combination
of Mexican hostiles have had no verification thus far, and precautions-have doubtless been taken against such an eventuality.
Yuan Shi Kai knew when it was wise to bow to popular
opinion, sagely remarks the Vancouver Province���referring to
the interesting news annoucement, a few days ago, that the
Chinese statesman above named had reverted to the status
of President of a republic, to which he was originally
elected, after trying a six months' term as Emperor by grace
of himself and the Council of State. Popular opinion, not only
throughout China, but among the Chinese people everywhere,
speedily gave evidence of being decidedly against the usurpation and the storms of revolution were gathering. Like a
wise man, as the Province says, Yuan Shi Kai decided to bow
rather than be broken. The Province might pass on the hint
to Premier Bowser.
Hon; Lome Campbell, Minister of Mines, and Financ*
Minister pro tern., delivered his first budget speech in the
House, Monday evening. The outstanding features, including
a long preamble of explanation, extenuation, and justification,
are: A public debt of $18,589,718, an estimated revenue or
$6,000,000, and an estimated expenditure of $11,300,000, leaving an estimated deficit of $4,643,985. One silver, or rather
copper lining to the cloud, due largely to the war, is a large Increase in mineral production. The Minister urges the familiar
but unfounded Government excuse of the war as the cause of
Ihe prevailing depression, and cheerfully assures us that we
have assets and credit yet left, and "we must use that credit
and go to the money markets and borrow until conditions he
-come normal again."
It is no sinecure to be an active member, a live wire, in a
numerically small Opposition that is endeavoring to do its
duty by the people in a Provincial Legislature like that at Victoria, where the Government, with its huge subservient majority, has to be constantly watched during the sessions, and there
are investigations by select committees such as tlie Songhees
and Kitsilano Indian Reserve inquiries, to be carried on concurrently, and voluminous evidence taken. Now, the Government are making it harder for the four Oppositionists by bringing on night sessions immediately, so that it is hardly humanly
possible to cover all the ground effectively. At the same time,
Premier Bowser sardonically chuckles and, with a great show
of bravado, invites the Opposition to do their worst in ferreting
out the details of the numerous scandals against the Government.
The mysterious wireless has spoken from the far southern
frozen seas and conveyed to civilization the announcement of
what may prove to be anoUvar "f those heroic polar tragedies
in which science pays toll to the practically inaccessible regions
of the earth for the secrets which she wrests from their Jealous
Continued on Page Two Page 2
T"
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C., March 31, 1916
& Publishing Co-, Lti\
GEO. KENNEDY,
m-r-r-r^       -r-�� a riTnTn      /"�� A TVT A TVT A TVT  tne Province, which he said had aggregated some $21,110,000
J/Ji-Ji*       JrA.Cl-rlvx      wA" AUlrVlN   net during the last six years, Mr. Brewster deplored the fact
. that Mr. F. L. Carter-Cotton had not been permitted to take
' ~~~ over the  Portfolio of  Finance.    The  member for  Richmond
Published   every  Friday  from  the Offices,   761 Carnarvon  Street,   had sung his swan song and he might say with Wolsey:    Had I
New Westminster, B1C,  by the Pacific Canadian Printing  bu(. served my God as t na*<l served my King He would not
have deserted me in my old age."    Mr. Brewster attacked the
Editor and Manager  members of the Government for giving the people the impres-
__ sion  in  the  House  that  the guaranteeing  of bonds  was not
Subscription Prices;-$1.00 per annum  [in  advance];   50c.   for six  costing the Province anything, when a payment of over $300,-
������     -      ��� ���      ��� ��� '   ��� ������'        000 had to be made for interest last January and other pay
ments would soon be due.
When Mr. Brewster sat down the other members of the
Opposition were apparently daiting for some member of the
Government side to proceed with the discussion, but no one
rose, and the Speaker called for a vote after waiting for some
moments and calling the "question" three times.
Going into Committee of the Whole, the House passed the
estimated expenditure on account of the public debt, this item
totalling $1,422,254.
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on application
FALSIFIED ACCOUNTS
Mr. Brewster, on Budget, Charges Public Accounts Have Been
Faked, Padded, and Falsified���Xo Answer From Government, and Debate Immediately Closed.
The most remarkable spectacle was witnessed in the Legislature Tuesday evening, th% question before the House being
the budget, introduced by the Finance Minister, the day before.
Mr. H. C Brewster, Liberal leader, had just concluded a scathing criticism, in which he charged the Government with having
faked, padded and falsified the Provincial Public Accounts
and generally maladministered the affairs of the Province. Mr.
Brewster sat down. The House waited. Mr. Speaker called
the "question" three times. Neither the Premier nor any
member on the Government side rose to reply, and the most
important vote of the session, moving the House into Committee of Supply, was mechanically passed, without a word
from the Government in explanation, or defence against the
damning charges made, save the formal introductory speech
read by the Minister of Finance,
Budget   Purposely   Hushed.
Mr. Brewster, in opening, reminded tlie Government that
this had been the first year of his experience when the budget
speech had been made on the same day in which the estimates
had been brought down. This gave the Opposition no opportunity to peruse the estimates before having to discuss the
budget. The members were under the additional handicap of
having to consider the budget speech with nothing whatever
before them in the nature of a legislative programme.
The Liberal leader accused the Premier of autocracy. All
the power of the Legislature was being, and was to be, according to the budget address and the legislation so far introduced,
centralized in tbe Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council. He thought
that sessional indemnities or members might be saved if the
Premier were given the title "Administrator Royal" and the
"recording machine" eliminated. The principle that was now-
being created by the new Administration and now being put "false alarms" like R. H. Pooley. Government member for
into effect took from the hands of the Legislature its power. Esquimau, with his resolution (afterwards withdrawn) attack-
The practice of making votes out of consolidated revenue was ing the validity of the elections of Messrs. Brewster and Mac-
one to be deplored. donald, is the even worse prostitution of the people's deliber-
Mt.   Brewster   clfarged   that   the  Public   Accounts   were   ative  assembly   (supposed   to   be devoted to public affairs) to
"faked" and  "padded"  with  votes and appropriations  which   the  wretched,  petty  business of  trying  to  manufacture  par-
ANOTHER BOWSER CAPITULATION !
The small but powerful Liberal party of two in the House���
with half the population and registered voters of the Province
behind them���bid fair to dictate the policy of the Government
in many very vital particulars, even before they assume the
reins of power in a few months and relegate the present
thoroughly cowed and panic-stricken rump of an Administration to the political junk heap. Up to a day or two ago, as a
result of Liberal criticisms���plus the by-elections���the Bowser Government had been compelled to adopt bodily from the
Liberal platform, three main planks: Cheap Money for Farmers; Workmen's Compensation Act; and the Referendum
solution of the Prohibition question. Yesterday, the news
despatches from Victoria informed us that the greatest capitulation of all had just been made, by the Bowser Government,
in the bill brought down by the Minister of Lands, the day
before, in the exact terms of the Liberal policy, urged early,
and late upon the Government, but stoutly resisted up to the
present, which will restore to the Crown from two to three
million acres of agricultural lands alienated, much of it fraudulently, and mostly unpaid for, and make those disgorged
holdings available for returned soldiers, and other actual settlers. Let the good work go on until there is nothing left,
lock, stock or barrel, of the policy or personnel of a discredited and rapidly disintegrating Administration.
AN UNFORESEEN EFFECT
Of a piece with allowing the  Legislature to  be used by
never had been passed by the Legislature. They had had a
ease very recently of the payment of $300,000 by special warrant which had not been reported to the Legislature.
The Speaker ruled the memtber out of order in discussing
this question (Kitsilano Reserve purchase) since it was being
investigated by a special committee.
Accounts Falsified.
He would take another payment then, continued Mr. Brewster. He would take the payment of $316,000���money paid
out under special warrant without legislative sanction for interest paid out in interest defaulted by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. They could find nothing about that in the Public-
Accounts. The Public Accounts were not correct accounts,
he declared.    In other words, they had been falsified.
In August of 1914, special warrant No. 8 for $1,150,000
had been issued, but no mention of this had been made in pub-
tisau political capital by raking up and spreading before the
House and the world purely personal correspondence, four
years old, concerning an issue just as long dead���to wit, the
appointment of President of the B. (I. University. The meddlesome and petty person who moved for the correspondence in
question���between Rev, Dr. Mackay, principal of Westminster Hall College, Vancouver, and members of the McBride
Government, relating to the then proposed appointment of Dr.
Mackay to the presidency of the B. C. University���was Henry
Thomson, one of the Government's "solid" from Victoria. The
object was to discredit Dr. Mackay's recent and weighty activities against the Bowser Go vernment, on public platform
and in connection with the publication, "Tlie Crisis in B. C."
The only effect, publicly speaking, of the publication of this
lie accounts.    Also in 1914, a warrant for $218,000 had been
made out, of which  only $196,000  had been reported as ex-   personal  correspondence is to convict the late,  which  is the
pended. same as the present. Government of British Columbia of the
The Audit Act providing that reports of special  warrants
should be made to the Legislature was apparently ignored by
the Auditor-iGeneral. He did not blame that official, because
tie was close under the Minister of Finance and near the supreme head of the Government.
Under the "new practice," Mr. Brewster declared, member* of this House had a lower moral sense than they should
have.    They suffered from a moral stigmatism.
Referring to the Premier's criticism of his own previous
remark that the imports of food products last year aggregated
$30,000,000 the speaker stated that he was not willing to ac-
ceut the Premier's statement that the imports were only $16,-
most outrageous and gratuitous discourtesy and caddishness,
and bad faith, toward Dr. Mackay���just as between man and
man.
HERE AND THERE.
[Continued from Page One]
keeping. The world was expecting news momentarily of the
safe emergence from the Antarctic zone of Sir Ernest Shackle-
ton and his party, who left in the fall of 1914 on au expedition
000,000.    The Government had yet to prove that this was the  across the southern polar tract which, with delays subsequent-
case.    Although some $3,000 had apparently been spent during
the year for securing agricultural statistics, no official figures
had been received
Could Not Be Belied Upon.
There were cases,in which statements of members of the
Government could not be relied upon, continued Mr. Brewster. Speaking in the Orpheum theatre on July 29th, 1915, the
Premier had stated that the taxes on the Columbia and Western Railway lands were being assessed and collected at the
rate of 50 cents an acre, although the land had been purchased
for only 40 cents an acre. The speaker had placed questions
on the order paper to verify this statement and had discovered
that the lands had been assessed but that not one cent had been
collected by the Provincial Government either on the lands
owned by the railway or the property owned by F. A. Heinze
in connection with the railway project.
Mr. Brewster described as "deliberaatly false" the editorial statement of the News-Advertiser that Messrs. Macdonald and Brewster were attempting to keep the farmers back
from developing their farms, merely for the sake of getting a
few jobs  under  the Agricultural  Aids Act.    The    statement
showed the depths to which a newspaper could go in supporting        Tlie definite failure of the Germans, after their supreme,
the government.    The man who penned the statement, accord-   protracted, and most costly effort at Verdun, is generally look-
ly encountered, was expected to reach Ross Sea, at a point
nearly a thousand miles beyond the South Pole, some time this
month. The news which has come instead, by wireless, is that
the steamer Aurora, wich was to have met the party at this
base and conveyed them to Hie environs of civilization, was
broken from her moorings hy the fierce storms and moving
ice packs and, when heard from, was proceeding in a crippled
condition to New Zealand, leaving Shackleton and his companions, assuming they reached their appointed rendezvous on
time, to wait twelve months longer on those inhospitable ice
shores before rescue would he possible, unless by some providential chance. To most men such a fate would have but one
ending, but Sir Ernest Shackleton, the veteran and hero of
Antarctic exploration, will have resources beyond the common,
and the world will not write finis to his career till compelled
to hy undeniable evidence.
ed upon as marking the practical end of the Germanic offensive,
ing to the speaker, should ave. known that the Liberals could
not have opposed the enforcement of this Act, since it did not
have to receive the sanction of tlie Legislature at all.    All that though   there are  indications of another  great  spasm  being
was necessary was the Lieutenant-Governor's signature. aboul   to  be launched on the eastern front against the Rus-
Nol Oppose^ to Prohibition. aians, a ho are prepared for it, hefore Germany submits to the
The Liberal leader denied that his party had opposed the inevitable  and  resigns  herself  to  standing  savagely  at  hay,
prohibition   measure.    They  were still  of  the same  mind  in while  lne  remorseless avenging  forces cf the Allies close in
regard to such questions as they had been at the last Liberal
slowly but surely about her.    Meanwhile, the turn of the tide
convention.    The Premier, It would appear, still had an open
mind on the matter .since he had so stated to a delegation wliich ls signalized by a most remarkable and significant Allied coun-
had interviewed the Executive the other day.    Mr. Brewster cil or congress of war. held at Paris this woe*, at which no
was not quite sure, and had stated that certain prominent law- icss than seven Allied nations���Great Britain, France, Russia,
yers were not quite sure, that the members of the House were Ita!y JapaD) Bolglm and Serbia���are represented by Premiers,
now sitting as a Legislature or merely as a body of citizens
discussing public affairs. He anticipated that it would be
necessary, in view of tlie possibility that the life of Parliament,
had expired on March 14, for the next Legislature (which
would be a Liberal one) to validate the legislation that had
been passed this year.
l'ii|Nii(l for Lands Should Revert.
The Government, instead of continuing to permit speculation in lands, so that there would not be any left when the soldiers returned  from  the front, should, he believed, make an
Foreign Ministers, Ministers of War, and Commanders-in-Chief,
and In a few cases by ambassadors or envoys. The council or
congress is appropriately presided over by -Premier Briand of
France, and its aim and purpose ;> to bring about absolute
solidarity and unity of action of all the Allied forces in the
great final offensive that it is expected will shortly begin, a9
well as to reach a complete understanding on the many difficult problems that will present themselves for settlement after
adjustment so  that  those now  in   possession   or  large  areas the war shall have been brought to Its inevitable conclusion,
should hold only such lands as they had paid for.    He did not In the words of the ,Paris MaUn   ..The congress will lay the
mean to confiscate their lands; but to take back, on behalf of   �����������,,���,,��������� ���P ���       ���   ������  ,.     ...  ��� ,
the Crown and the returning soldiers, the land which had not 'oundat ona of a new Europe.    ...    It will even lay the
been paid for.    After references to the Increasing deficits of foundation of a new epoch."'
If It's a
TOOL
and a
G����D
ONE
We Probably Have It
Anderson & Lusby
634 Columbia St. - New Westminster
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY      ROTHERS)
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of
Fresh   and     Home   Cured   Meats,
PorK Pies,   BlacR and   White
Puddings,   Ayrshire  Bacon, Cambridge PorK
Sausage
All Kinds of Farm Produce Bought for Cash
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
1
nexpensiue mall Papers
and hangings often make the daintiest of bed
rooms when chosen with discretion. We have
alaigestock of reasonably priced papers and
fabrics to choose from, and our experience and
taste is yours for the asking.
Hudson   Decorating   Store
61 Sixth St.      Phone 511
NOTICE!
IF you want anything in our line don't purchase  until
you get our prices on Pianos, Victrolas, and Edison Diamond Amberolas
We are making Special Prices on   Sewing Machines
for two weeks, from $10 up.     Easy payments if desired
Write us for prices.    It will pay you
J. H. TODD'S MUSIC HOUSE
New Westminster, B. C.
Escaped the Torpedos!
The Woollens are here.
y.   ty.   Jtiichison
Importing Tailor
Get first choice
WESTMINSTER TRUST
COMPANY
HEAD OFFICE-NEW WESTMINSTER B. C.
J. J. JONKS, Man.-Dir.        J. A. Rbnnik, Sec.-Tres.
OUR BUSINESS
Acts as Assignees, liquidators and  Receivers.
Agents for the Sale of Real Estate.
House and Property Agents.
Insurance in nil its Branches in Standard Companies.
.Safety Deposit Boxes for Rent, $2.50 and up per annum.
Agent for the Canada Life Assurance Company.
We act as Executor and Trustee under Wills, and   we  will   be
pleased to advise nnd nssist you in drawing up your Will.
Westminster Trust Company \5
New Westminster, B.C., March 31, 1916
THE, PACIFIC CANADIAN"
Pa��e 3
LOCAL AND  GENERAL.
Easter will come unusually late this
year, falling on April 23.
Sangster & Macdonell solicit your
nax^ order for Job Printing. 761 Carnarvon St.    Phone is. *
An enjoyable whist drive, dance, and
supper was held in the Oddfellows' Hall,
last night, under the auspices of the
Canton Lodge.
Your friends can buy any thing you
can give them���except your photograph.
Hurndall does fine work at 624 Columbia
Stt>    Phone 12SR.
Local Conservatives will hold a rally
in the Columbian building, this evening,
and you are invited to come and bring
your friends. Cheer up, brethren, the
worst is vet to come
Send in or bring your subscriptions to
The Pacific Canadian, and keep posted
politically and generally. $1 per year,
50cfor6mos., 25c for 3 nios., 10c per
month (in advance).
Mr. R. J. Flowers has been appointed
secretary of the local branch of the Canadian Patriotic Fund, in succession to
Mr. W. L. Darling, who has joined the
Seaforth Highlanders in Vancouver for
active service.
The lease, stqck and furnishiugs of the
Fraser Hotel, Front and Begbie sts., was
sold at auction, Wednesday afternoon,
the price realized being $1,000, which
was bid by Mr. Jos. Dorgan, a local
broker, for a client.
We are etill doing busineo.3 at the
old stand. If there is anything we
can do for you in the plumbing, heating or sheet metal line, 'phone 586.
Mannering & MacKenzie will give
your needs their immediate attention. *
The death occurred at the family residence at Aldergrove, Tuesday afternoon,
of Mrs. Robert Shortreed, aged 83 years.
The deceased, with the late Mr. Robt.
Shortreed, whose death occurred about
five years ago, came to Aldergrove from
Milton, Halton County, Ontario, some
27 years ago.
Preparations to log thirty million feet
of timber this summer are being made
by Abernethy & Lougheed, Ltd., Port
Haney, whose mill at that point will be
opened next month. The price of logs,
it is stated, has advanced, good fir having gone up about $2 per thousand.
The Board of Wprks is preparing to
resume construction of the Sapperton
sewer, which has been shut down during
the past few months. It is planned * to
start on Monday morning, when Supt.
Furness intends to put on a gang of
about twenty men.
For over forty years a resident of the
city, John Budge, aged 70, died at his
home, 1013 Royal avenue, Tuesday. He
was a native of Scotland, where he was
engaged in the cannery business. Two
daughters survive him, Miss Mabel J.
Budge of this city and Miss Chrissie
Budge, a nurse at Victoria.
Monday next, April 3rd, at 5 p. in.,
the Provincial voters' lists will close for
the May revision. If you are not registered, and wish to have a vote at the
forthcoming general election, next summer or fall, see to it at once. Call at or
telephone the Liberal Club rooms, Clark-
sou street, Westminster Trust building,
phone 12.
A wire received from the Adjutant-
General at Ottawa, Wednesday morning,
by Aid. H. A. Eastman, states that his
son-in-law, Thomas Dillon Curtis, received a slight gunshot wound on the
iace, on March 16. He is now back
again on duty. Corporal Curtis is a
member of the 29th Battalion and resided at 711 Eight street in this city.
At a meeting of the May Day standing
committee, this week, the general sentiment was that the children's annual festival should be carried out as usual,
economies being introduced where possible. Committees were appointed to
seek grants from the City Council nnd
the B.C.E.R., nnd a meeting of the general committee was called for next Tuesday evening.
The concert given last night, in the
Russell Hotel, by the Musical Club of
this city, was a very much appreciated
and enthusiastic affnir. A choice and
varied programme of songs, recitations,
and violin and piano solos, was rendered
by talented Vancouver performers, including Miss Eileen Maguire, Miss Elsie
Alexander, Miss Jean Patterson, nnd Mr.
Holroyd Paull.
The labor situation in New Westminster it reported by Mr. Thos. Turnhull,
in charge of the civic labor bureau, us
much better than at this time last year.
There are not nearly so many idle men
in the city, and, if low rnilway fnres nre
obtained to the prairies for agricultural
laborers, Mr. Turn bull believes the unemployed problem here will be practically settled.
Plans are under way, it is reported, by
the Alhambra Theatre & Hotel Company,
of London, Eng., to begin the construction this fall of a big theatre in this city,
to cost from $150,000 to $175,000, with
seating capacity for 1,000 people and
�� having a ball room on   the  third   floor,
with   a  roof   garden    overlooking   the
Fraser.    Two sites are under consideration, both on Columbin street,   near  the
t iB.C.fi.R. depot.     The   building,   it   is
��<H% ��� tntcd", will be a handsome three-story
structure of steel nnd concrete, with
!>rick veneer nnd terra cotta facings.
Valuntor
Money to Loan
for Sale
Farms
\\. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,   NEW WESTMINSTER
Death of Mrs. T. D. Pearson.
The death took place, Tuesday, of Mrs.
T. D. Pearson, widow of the late Rev.
T. D. Pearson nnd sister of the lnte Dr.
Robson, at the home of her daughter,
Mrs. George H. Grant, Vancouver. She
was 78 years old, and leaves two sons
and three daughters, Mr. T. R. Pearson
nnd Mr, Frank Penrson of this city, Mrs.
George H. Grant, Vancouver; Mrs. Har
vey Johnson of Nicomen, and Mrs. MeKenzie, Tokyo, Japan. The late Mrs.
Pearson resided in New Westminster for
20 years prior to going to her daughter's
home in Vancouver, a year ago.
The funeral was held yesterday afternoon at 2 o'clock from the Queen's Ave.
Methodist church to the Fraser cemetery,
Rev. W. W. Abbott conducting the   ser-
Serious Situation at   Ottawa.
A very serious situation hns developed
at Ottawa out of the Opposition probe
into the doings of the Shell Committee,
the bonsted pet offspring of Sir Sain
Hughes, Minister'of Militia.- The Liberal party has been reproached for lack
of pstriotism in insisting on these investigations, but would appear to have been
more than justified by the sensational
disclosures of the last few days, showing
the letting of fuse contracts up in the
millions to dummy American companies
and the pocketixg of huge "rakes-off"
by people in the know at Ottawa. Sir
Sam Hughes nnd his side-kicker, Col.
Allison, nre both badly wanted for examination by the investigating committee of the House, but both are conveniently absent and out of call���Col. Allison in the United States, while Sir Sam,
when the probe began to get too deep,
found an excuse for making a hurried
trip across the Atlantic, to give pointers
to Kitchener, Joffre, and the Grand Duke
Niclhoas on how to run the war.
The Bordon Government have had at
last to sit up and take notice and Premier
Borden himself feels the situation so
keenly that he has cancelled his trip to
New York, where he was to have been
the guest of honor, to-night, of the New
York Bar Assoctation, and is also reported to have cabled Sir Sam Hughes
for an explanation of the charges made
by Mr. George Kyte, member for Richmond; in regard to the letting of those
fuse contracts in the United States. Sir
Snm, by the present look of things,
stands to loose his political head at least.
The news from Ottawa this morning
was to the effect that Premier Borden
will grant a restricted Royal Commission
to enquire into the fuse contracts only;
thnt Sir Sam Hughes, summoned by
cable, is coming back, but denies person-
nl complicity in deals.
City Market.
There wns an exceptionally good market to-dny, both in point of attendance
and in produce for sale.
The meat section was probably the big
feature, principally pork, of which there
was a large supply, which all sold at
quoted prices. Beef showed a medium
supply, which nil sold, and there wns a
fair supply of veal, wliich was all called
for.
Poultry nnd eggs were in good supply
and all sold, eggs showing an upward
tendency, going 25c to 26c wholesale nnd
30c rt'tail.
Potntoes were in usual lurge supply,
but demand not very strong except for
carloads for shipment, at quoted  prices.
POULTRY.
Hens life to 22c
Springs ...,'iOe to2!tc
Poultry, dressed, young 24c to 25c
Poultry, dressed, hens 22c to 24c
Ducks, live weight 25c to 27c
Poultry,  live weight lb 21c lo 22c
Geese, each $1,80 to $2
. VEGETABLES.
Potatoes, per ton J10 to $2U
Potatoes, per sack 90c to $1
Onions, per sack $1.50
Carrots, per sack 75c
Turnips, persack 75c
Cabbage, per lb ' 3^c
Beets, per sack 75c
Parsnips, per sack 75c
FRUIT.
Apples, per box }1 to $1.25
EGGS AND   BUTTER.
Eggs, retail ...110c
Eggs, wholesale 25c to 20c
Butter, dairy, retail 37%c to JOc
WHOLESALE MEAT
Beef, carcass 10^c lo UJic
Beef, hindquarters JHc
Beef, forequarters lie
Pork, per lb , 12c to lie
Pork, heavy, per lb 8c to lie
Veal, No. 1, per lb HctolGc
Veal, No. 2, per lb 12c to 1%
Live pigs, young }3 to $4,50
The  Market   Question.
The question of the future location of
the City Market���the Northern Pacific
Railway wishing to take possession of
their lease, last yeur, of the present site
���is agitating the City Fathers, und indeed the public generally. There are
two schemes: Building back on Lytton
Square, with entrance on Columbin street
level; or the erection of the market
buildings on the commodious water front
site at foot of Tenth street. There will
be u meeting of the Council with the
lUoard of Trade, probably Wednesday
next, to consider the question und fix a
date for a public meeting for general
discussion.
tt
"CHELSEA
Cinnamon Buns
li I could say lots about these
delightful "Chelseas" if space
permitted, but will have to
just do the baking and let
the quality do the talking.
^| One of the most popular
members of my large family
of good things. 20 cents a
dozen.
T. H.   GRANT
fiakeOvens, Store and I.uiicli Room
Columbia and Begbie Streets
PHONE 30
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
JOSEPH MAVERS
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105
EGAS ARE CHEAP
Buy your Water Glass for
preserving them now.
The best is none too good.
We carry the best.
Pints 25c      -     Quarts 50c
A full line of Crocks iu
stock from one to eight gallons.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59       Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
K~:**-K^K~:��<><fr��:��>*<i>->:��'X*��>��K~x��'>?.
TRAVELLERS' DIRECTORY.
Por the busy business man anil the
travelling publio, the following concise
summary Ol the railway time table , giving times Of departure, etc., of passenger
trains or traniH from tills city, will be
convenient   for   reference:
li,   C,  JCLICCTRIO RAILWAY.
Westminster Branch (Central Park
Line)���For Vancouver: j.ofl and 5,40 a.m.,
dally except Sunday; (i.00 a.m., daily; 0,30,
0.40 and 6,60 a.m., dally except Sunday;
7.00 n.m., dally, and every twenty minutes
until 11.20 p.m. Lust car, dally, 12.00 midnight.
Fraser Valley .Branch���For Chilliwack
and way points: 7.2(1 a.m., dnlly except
Friday (for Jardlne only); 8.20 a.m., Friday only, for Mt. Lehman; D.20 a.m.,
dally, for chilliwack; 1.40 und 6.03 p.m.,
dally,   for   Chllllwack.
Lulu inland Branch���For Vancouver and
Steveston: 7.00 a.m/, dally except Sunday:
B.00 and 11.00 a.mv and 1.00, .'1.00 and 5.00
p.m., dally; 0,00 p.m., dally except Sunday; 7.00, 9.00 and 11.00 p.m., daily; 12,80
midnight, dnlly.
Burnaby Lake Branch���For Vancouver:
li.80 and 0.30 a.m., dally except Sunday;
7.:io a.m., dally; S.;i0 a.m., daily except
Sunday; 6.80 und 11.80 u.m., dally; 13.80
p.m., Saturday only; 1.30 nnd 3.110 p.m.,
daily; 4.30 p.m., dally except Sunday; 5.30
p.m., dally; 0.00 p.m., Sunday only; 6.30
p.m., dally except Sunday; 8,30 nnd 10,30
p.m., dally.
1.
LIMITED
The People's
Grocer
PHONKS:
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -      373
West End branch       -       650
Three Big Stores
of Plenty
*
v
v
!
Pantry Suggestions!
"Malkin's Best" Spices, including Black Pepper, White
Pepper, Cinnamon, Mace
Nutmeg, Allspice, Etc., in 2
oz. and 4 oz. tins, each-..10c
Smoky City Laundry Flakes,
per pkg 10c
Smoky City Cleaner, for
cleaning wall paper, calso-
mine, etc., per tin 25c
Powdered Bon Ami, per
tin 15c
LENT
Let  us   supply  your   fish
for Lent.
Smoked Salmon, per lb--15c .
Smoked Halibut, per lb...15c ���>
Salt Cod, 21b. blocks, each��30 \
and    35c \\
Salt Cod [boneless strips] per " >
lb  20c
Kippers, 3 lbs. for 25c
Finnan Haddie, peril) 20c |
CHEESE
McLaren's Cream, each... 10c
 35c, 65c
McLaren's Pimento, each..10c
Roquefort,     Edam,    Cream
Brick, etc.
>  3������������4><^��+*��������������+v"<"I-<"
I
LIMITED
' ^O4J^'��4>0������������"������������**����<^
f We invite you to visit our
Spring Displays
j Taken either collectively or individually our Spring Displays %
|| will surely interest you.    We've assembled for every department ��
.. the most desirable class of merchandise that the markets   afford %
II and we think that the general concensus of opinion will b^e that *
II our 1916 Spring Display is tlie best in  the store's history".    We t
i> shall hope to sec all onr friends inspect these new goods. J
Extra Special Value in New Spring Waists
$1.25 to  $2.50
Styles that  you  like.     Just   the newest.    In nice quality
* Voiles, Dimitys and Washable Silks.    Sizes 34 to 42.
;;      See the New Silk Repp and Taffeta Dresses      |
1 $12.50 to $20.00
New shade of Capen, Tan, Russian, Niger, Belgian, Navy
��� I    and Black.
Grass and Clover Seeds
We have a complete stock of No. 1 Government  Standard Seed,
the best that money can   buy
Seed Grain
New Victory, B. & K. Garton, American  Banner,   Swedish  or
Alberta  Oats,   Marquis  Wheat  (the  best  yielder   for
���  B.  C),   Golden   Vine Peas,    Beardless    aud
Htilless  Barley,   Cronipton's  Early,
Minnesota No. 13 and White
Cap Yellow Dent Corn
Sutton's Mangels, Swedes and Carrots. Send us your order
Catalogue mailed on application
Cbe Brackmen-Ker milling eo., Dd.
New Westminster,   B. C.
Fraser River Fish Co.
Retail fresh fish
Wholesale Smoked
Sail and Kippered fish
MONK & CRAIG
W.R.Jaynes
 FOR	
Oxy-Acetylene
Welding and Brazing
Auto and Motor Boat Supplies aud Fittings
First Class Machine Work
New Westminster
Phone 275       724 Front St
r:
.���..>.:���+������*���;���* ******���������;������> ������>������������������������������������������������������������������������������������/
Phones 15 and 1(5
>9Ltd. ::
-Dealers   in-
X   Crushed Rock, Sand and Gravel, Lime,   Cement, Plas-  V,
$ ter, Drain Tile, Etc.
|   Forge, House, and  Steam  Coal.     Agricultural  Lime
902  Columbia   Street
New Westminster, B. C. ::
. . . Our New . . .
Hats  for   Spring
Are wonderful���full of unusual style and quality
J. E. BROWN & CO.,
' / / Columbia
Street
< >
Lime and Sulphur Spray. Blue Stone.
Whale Oil Soap, Etc., at
Ryall's Drug Store
Phone 57.
701 Columbia St ret I
���+*sWMr++4++4++4*->4++***->*- ��*^"MHe">*��MM��M'***<^*<"^^ Page 4
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Westminster, B.C., March 31, 1916
LOCAL LEGISLATURE.
Minority Minister's Maiden Speech Significant for no Reference to Ottawa
Trip ��� Carter Cotton Sings Swan
Song.
The review of the proceeintfs of the
Provincial Legislature in these columns,
last week, took note of the debate on the
address up to Monday, the 20 th. inst.,
with a reference to Premier Bowser's
contribution to the discussion, wliich was
more remarkable for attacks and accusations against the Opposition in the
House than for any attempt, as might
have been expected, to elucidate the Goverment policy. He even made the very
remarkable negative statement in this
connection, that he was not in a position
to state what the legislative programme
for the season would be, but he would
shortly make a statement on this. Supply
would, however, need to be voted, he
added, and the estimates would probably
be brought down next week, upon
which the Opposition would be allowed
to make all the objection desired except
that it was necessary that supply should
be voted early in April in order to keep
things running.
"Because of getting supply we are not
going to bring this session to an early
conclusion," continued Mr. Bowser.
'' We have been hearing a lot of charges,
especially from my colleague from the
city of Vancouver, who says this is one
of the most corrupt governments
in Canada, and I want to give
them an opportunity to make good.
After supply is passed, if we stay here
untill the first of June, we will stay here
till they make good. No obstacle will be
placed in the way of their making investigations. Wecourt investigation and have
nothing to hide. If anything corrupt is
found on the part of my self or my
Ministers or the deputies or anyone else,
I am the man who wants to know it.
If any is shown, I will be the first man,
with strong arm, to remove from offictt
any such man."
Following Mr. Bowser, the same day,
came a trusty supporter, 1/. W. Shat-
iord, the member for Similkameen, who
was in a very opmistic mood, and declared that there was an abundance ot
capital awaiting investment in mining
in  this  Province.    He  thought that in
policy of the Government, on the ground
that it helped to relieve the grain congestion in Alberta and Saskatchewan,
Only 50 p. c. of last fall's crop had yet
been moved. To relieve the condition,
the Dominion Government should have
further elevator capacity at Vancouver
and extend it to such an extent that it
would take care of at least part of the
prairie crop in case Of such another
bumper crop. The P.G.E. line should
also be brought into Vancouver and extended on to the Peace River country.
Money to Burn, Thinks Caven.
Thomas D. Caven(Cranbrook), as a
man who follows railroaing as a daily
bussiness, saw nothing to find fault with
in the tying-up of the C. N. Pacific by
storms this winter. He had been over the
line and thought it a first-class road, with
easy grades and good ones. Lumbering
and mining were dormant, but showed
signs of picking up. The proposed aid
to agriculture would benefit the farmers
and the Government would be well repaid
(or the assistance rendered, The hon,
gentleman also urged that further experiments be undertaken in the matter o{ dry
farming, There were splendid agricultural areas in the Boundary districts, and
with transportation to the markets these
would flourish greatly.
"Why should we not spend our money?"
asked Mr. Caven. "We have lots more
resources to draw upon, so why should
we not spend our money for good roads
and to assist settlers coming into this
country?"
J. T. W. Place (Nanaimo;  introduced
and secured a first reading for his bill to >
extend the franchise to women.
R. H. Pooley (Esquimalt) again allowed bis resolution questioning the validity
of the election of the members for Victoria
and Vancouver, .because of some alleged
errors ol the returning officers, to pass.
In bringing this matter before the House
Mr.Pooley does not seem to have the
sympathy of his fellow-members.
Hon. Thos. Taylor Speaks.
The debate was resumed at the opening of the sitting on Wednesday, 22nd
jljst., by Hon. Thos. Taylor, Minister of
Education, and of Public Works and
Railways, Mr, Taylor took up the matter of expenditures, and gave a mass of
figures as to where the money has gone,
particularly as regards the Public Works
Department. In six years, he said, there
had been Spent on public works an aggregate of $32,500,000, and for this he
considered that the Province had got
good value and that his department was
to be praised rather than blamed for
what it had done. Mr. Taylor hinted
that many of the works he had mentioned were of  a  permanent  character
the annual report of the Mines Depart- but were not included among the assets
ment there should be more definite m- of the Province. We had not been ac-
forrnation given  regarding the different customed to that system of bookkeeping
properties visited. Government loans
to prospectors and government-owned
assay offices were proposed by Mr.
Shatford. He suggested that every
miner's certificate should bear coupons
for, say, twenty free assays and twenty
more at moderate fees. The year had
been a good one throughout the Similkameen and Okanagon districts, and
good prices had been realized for agricultural and orchard products. The
increased duty on apples would help in
the development of the apple orchards
of the Province, but there was also required, a systematic campaign for the
use of' home products. Before sitting
down, Mr. Shatford recited his politcal
profession of faith by giving the House
the reason why he had supported the
Government for twelve or thurteen years
---because of its honesty, its courage and
foresight in opening up the Province for
settlement and development, its building
of roads, trails, schools and hospitals,
and its being responsible largely for the
building of two lines of railway through
his constituency.
An Ominous Silence.
When the House opened Tuesday
afternoon, 22nd inst., Hon. Lome Campbell (Rossland) Minister of Mines (also
of Finance, since the Victoria by-election) had the floor, having moved the
adjournment of the debate at the previous sitting. It was naturally expected
that he would have a good deal to say
' about his recent subsidy hunting Ottawa
trip, which prospectively speaking was
used as a bait in the by-elections, but
"nary a word!" Mr. Campbell did not
even mention that he had gone to Ottawa or had any negotiations with the
Federal Government about shipbuilding,
mining, or any other matter of Provincial Government policy.
The Minister of Mines, at the opening
of his maiden speech, regretted that he
was called upon to criticize the Opposition in an apparent attempt, be said, to
injure the financial credit of the Province, and particularly to statements
made in the Interior that there was an
over-supply of lalxir. In mining, logging
and saw-milling there was great activity,
and the demand from the prairies due to
bountiful crops was such that transportation companies could not supply the
cars required to take care of the lumber.
This spring there would be a scarcity of
labor, not only in the Interior, but all
over British Columbia.
If the Opposition insisted on endeavoring to interfere with the credit of the
Province, it would affect the supply of
metal for munitions of war, as the reduction companies might experience
difficulties in getting capital for extensions of plants. Lead and zinc production were receiving such an impetus that,
after the war, the Province would control the output of both. In nickel, also,
this Province would be able to assume
control of the output. At present, German capital controlled the nickel deposits around Sudbury, Ontario. In the
Slocan district new methods of treatment
of ore gave promise of renewed life to
that once prosperous district. British
Columbia to-day was producing thirty
per cent, of the lead used ��� in munition
manufacturing. It was the desire of the
old country that British Columbia should
increase its gold and copper production,
and, if capital could be interested, the
treatment of these Ynetals on this side of
the line would be brought about,
Mr,  Campbell  defended  the  railway
here, but he thought that roads, steel
bridges and anything with the aspect of
permance might be considered as an
asset and be so shown.
Mr. Taylor stoutly claimed that there
had been no alienation of natural resources, and that, if it had not been for
the money obtained from this source, the
large expenditures on public works and
other services would have been impossible. He dealt briefly with finances,
claiming that the provincial credit was
sound and that the net debt now was
onlv $18,300,000, as compared with $12,-
500,000 in 1903.
Carter Cotton's Swan Song.
F. L. Carter Cotton (Richmond) said
that, having decided not to accept a
nomination, he might regard this as his
retirement, perhaps ouly temporarily,
from political life. He was thus speaking, as it were, in articulo mortis, and he
hoped that fact would have a sobering
and solemnizing influence upon the
members of the Opposition. Mr. Speaker and he were the only ones left of
those who had entered the Legislature
in 1890, and with one exception both had
been successful in every election in
which they had entered the contest.
They could look back thankfully upon
the men who had guided the destinies of
British Columbia during that time, and
they were the only men now in the
House who could look upon such a
lengthy career of public service.
Mr. Cotton said it was an extraordinary session, in that the House had nothing less than the demand of two men
that the other forty should turn over the
reins of office to them. They certainly
had a good conceit of themselves. Those
gentlemen did not treat the result of the
two by-elections in Victoria and Vancouver on their true merits. If Conservatives had ever done anything deserving
of remembering with pride it was the
result of those two eleotions.
"That is only the beginning," said
Mr. Brewster.
Mr. Cotton explained that Conservatives, seeing the need for an Opposition
in the Legislature, resolved to sacrifice
themselves, their party and their standard-bearers in order that the king and
people might have an Opposition. These
were plain facts and not to be disputed.
"In view of the great ambition developed
in my honorable friends from Victoria
and Vancouver within the last few days,''
said Mr. Cotton, after some references
to the Government's legislative programme, "I think the words which Milton puts into the mouth of Satan is exemplified in their case: 'Better to
reign in hell than serve in heaven.' "
"There is a double application for
those words," Mr. Macdonald observed.
"As I have said, I am retiring, at least
lor the present," said Mr. Cotton in closing. "I have been offered the nomination
in two constituencies, but I have decided
not to be a candidate. Still, like an old
war-horse, I shall sniff the battle from
afar, and ���vatch with intense interest the
success which I am convinced the Conservatives will achieve if they are only
true to their principles and party."
Mr. Parker Williams (Newcastle) in
au able and vigorous review, closed
the debate on the address, after
which the address was formally
adopted, the Opposition amendment
thereto being defeated on a straight
party vote, the "independent" member
for Columbia, Mr. Forster, saving his
face by being conveniently absent.
Your
Money
Refunded or goods exchanged
if you are not satisfied with anything you purchase from us.
Lemons, large sound fruit, per
doz 20c
Norwegian     Sardines,    in   oil,
good quality,   2 tins 25c
Canadian Sardines,  tin 5c
Fine Japan Rice, 5 lbs 25c
Christie's Fruit Cakes, packed
in sealed tins; just the thing to
send to the "boys" at the front,
1-lb.   tin 35c
2-lb.   tin 65c
Italian   Imported   Peas,   reg.   2
for 25c.   Special, 3 tins 25c
Laundry Starch,  I lbs 15c
Ginger Snaps, 3 lbs 25c
Old Dutch Cleanser, 3 tins
for 25c
Cream of Wheat,   pkg 20c
B. & K. Wheat Flakes, per
pkg 25c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Janobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, B. C.
FRONT and SIXTH Sts.
Phone 302
Pacific Meat
Market
Fresh Supplies of Meats
Daily from our Packing
House at Sapperton
Support your home concern
735 Columbia  St.
New Westminster, B. G.
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is our
motto
Phones:   1S0-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
lp=to=Date Shoe Repairer
Quick Service and   Best Workmanship Guaranteed
GOODYEAR WELT SYSTEM
'  658 Clarkson Street
Opp. Court House. New Westminster
500 Yards Colored Pongee
Silk, 50c per yard
SPECIAL THIS WEEK���
This well known colored Pongee Silk, 25 and 26 inches wide,
in shades of Blue, Grey, Green, Cream, Maize, Purple, Rose,
Brown, Tan, Yellow, Roseda, Saxe, Pink and Sky and Black.
It needs no special recommendation because most people know,
the worth of this fabric. Sufficient to say that this week we
offer our entire stock at this low price
PER YARD 50C
W. S COLLISTERj, C& CO.
New Westminster.   B. C.
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PRIDE
and
PROFIT
A Druggist who takes pride in his profession will always consider quality before
profit. Professional pride causes us to
stand back of every article sold over our
counters and to refund the price of anything which proves unsatisfactory.
May I have your trade under these conditions ?
FREDERIC  T.   HILL
628  COLUMBIA STREET
HURNDALL'S
for Kodaks, Brownies, and Supplies  of   every  description   for
Amateur Photographers.
648 Columbia St.       Phone 680
Portrait Studio, 624 Columbia St
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron  Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwerk
Agents for  REGAL GASOLINE ENGINES
Office and Works:
TENTH STREET
New Westminster, B. C.
Pioneer Furniture  Dealer and Undertaker
Is Doing Business as Usual at the Old Stand
Cor.  McKENZlE and AGNES STS.,
New Westminster, B. C.
Fair Dealing, Goods of Quality at Right Prices.     Phone 176
F������B *A*
Phone 1198
Phone 1198
(Soroon Si Matters
Ladies' Special Suits���all  Nobby
Styles-at $17.50
New Blouses.    See Our Showing.    Stylish
Millinery.    Visit our Show Rooms
Gbe people's Store 50 & 52 Sixth St.

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