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The Pacific Canadian Mar 9, 1917

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 Trovioo J   Oi'Tory, V_a.��'_��,  B.
atf.
THE   PACIFIC
Weekly News Digest and Journal of   Observation and Comment.      r T
Vol. 2
NEW WESTMINTER, B. C, FRIDAY, March 9,  1917.
Number 1
GERMANY AND UNITED STATES.
The late Congress of the United States of America
expired constitutionally at noon Sunday, March 4th,
and President Wilson's belated but earnest effort to
get authority for his "armed neutrality" proposals for
the protection of American shipping and travel on the
high seas against German submarine outrage and murder, culminated in a fiasco at once ridiculous, disgraceful and embarrassing���if so mild a word may be said
to adequately describe the alarming situation of a
great nation bound hand and foot by a fanatical and
traitorous cabal of a round dozen within its highest
deliberative and legislative body, denied the right or
power to take the first effective step at even self-
defense, proposed by the Chief Executive of the
nation, and thus left naked and helpless to the jeers of
the world and the further insults and assaults of
a gloating, unscrupulous and barbarous foe.
Such a deplorable anti-climax, no one apparently
anticipated or foresaw. The House of Representatives did badly enough, last week, when it passed a
bill, after interminable debate and see-sawing, giving
the President only a strictly limited and emasculated
charter for protecting the lives and property of American citizens against the German miscreants, who,
even while the unseemly wrangling was in progress,
were taking toll of American lives, including at least
two women, at sea. The evidence of these facts, and
the further incontrovertible evidence which the Administration was able to lay before Congress last week
of the nefarious plot engineered by Secretary of State
Zimmerman, of Germany, to bribe Mexico and seduce
Japan into making a joint attck at the opportune time
upon the United States, had doubtless considerable
influence in persuading the popular branch of Congress to consent to something being done. President
Wilson, however, rightly determined to have the full
authority for which he had asked, and based his hopes
for obtaining this upon the Senate, where a bill com-
-pletely in accordance with the Presidential message
had been introduced, which President Wilson counted
on getting through that bodv and then compelling the
House to accept���only to be ignominously "thrown
down" by a "filibuster" gang of, twelve Senators,
headed by La Follette, a recent "Presidential possibility," who talked the measure out until Congress
expired, and thus left the President without even the
partial authority which the House conceded, as to
become law a measure has, of course, to be passed bv
both Houses.
Making all due allowance for the fact that it was
a small minority which has thus shamed the United
States before the world, and left it helpless in the
meantime before a truculent and brutal foe, the possibility of such a thing happening, at such a time, after
all that has happened and come to light within the
last few months, is well fitted to suggest doubts as to
the American system and form of government and
the spirit of the American democracy, whose own most
vital interests are at stake, and it will yet permit such
things, or rest under them for a moment. Such a
thing would be Impossible, in the circumstances, in
this country or Great Britain, as well as all the chaffering and temporising that previously occurred. As
Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, leader of the majority in the Senate, well expressed it in his concluding
remarks: "It is unfortunate and deplorable that
twelve men in the Senate of the United States have
it in their power to defeat the will of 75 or 80 members by one of the most reprehensible filibusters ever
recorded in the history of any civilized country." We
read with considerable satisfaction, incidentally, that
those were the last words that rang through the Senate chamber at Washington ere Congress expired, as,
knowing the bill was doomed, Senator Hitchcock, by a
clever manouvre, "got the floor" for the last round,
and talked out the clock himself, leaving La Follette
dancing with rage, with a lot of filibuster fireworks
he had been days in preparing, but which he got no
chance to explode.
President Wilson entered, Monday, upon his second
term as President, and, in an inaugural address of
unusual elevation and solemnity, declared that the
United States had been drawn irresistibly into participation in world affairs, and that there could be no
turning back. As a result of the action of "the little
group of wilful men" who filibustered the armed neutrality bill to death, declared the President, "the
great Government of the United States" is in a "helpless and contemptible position before the world."
President Wilson took immediate steps to call an extra
session of the new Congress, when he will have the
burked bill reintroduced. He also called upon the
Senate, in extraordinary session, to revise the rules
in oraer to prevent a repetition of the disgraceful
filibuster incident.
REDEEMS  ITS PROMISES.
The Brewster Government, as will have been perceived from the large and varied programme of new
legislation outlined in the speech from the throne, a
summary of which appeared in our last issue, and by
official information imparted in other ways - to the
press and in answer to questions in the House by Mr.
W. J. Bowser, leader of the Opposition, who has
already laudably developed into an animated interrogation mark���has lost no time in making a very big
beginning at reedeeming its pre-election prmises.
Radical reform of the Land Act; a comprehensive
agricultural settlement and development measure, to
open up new and now non-productive areas and provide homes and employment for returned soldiers and
others who may desire to go .upon land; improvement
of the Agricultural Credits Act; legislation dealing
with the question of irrigation, vital to a large section
of the Province; measures ; for* further developing
another great basic industry of the Province, mining,
by promoting the systematic prospecting of mineral
bearing districts and providing additional needed
smelting facilities��� these are the principal great reconstructive measures outlined, to which might be added
the assurance that steps will be taken to conserve the
fishing industry and extend its scope. The lumbering
industry, the. Government finds, owing to a marked
increase in demand, to be upon a permanent producing basis.
Another great class of legislation, which might be
termed social or sociological as well as economic in part,
is well represented upon the Government programme
for the first session, which shows that individually as
well as collectively the Ministers have all been busy
and assiduous in' keeping each Department to the front.
First in this category is one of the biggest contracts
the new Government has courageously undertaken, in
accordance with oft repeated pre-election pledges���
that is, Civil Service Reform. A modest announcement is made in the speech, heralding this measure,
which Mr. Bowser was wont cynically to declare, during the late campaign, "couldn't be did," to use a
homely paraphrase. But then Mr. Bowser, as we
know by his own compleuiAitary confession; was a
firm believer in the efficacy of "grease," with Siwashes
���and others, as for instance Mr. "Soapy" Welch!
And what would be the use of "grease," if there
were no good old patronage machine to oil up? Ergo,
"It can't be did. "���Vide ut supra,
But this is a digression. As we were remarking,
the Brewster Government have courageously essayed
the impossible. Being, let us say, fools for reform,
they have rashly rushed in where a certain species of
angel has feared to tread! But they are not blowing
any trumpet before them, "as the hypocrites do in the
synagogues." The announcement, as noted, has a
chaste restraint about It that is prudent and commendable: "A Civil Service Bill will be brought down
which it is believed will place the government service
on a more satisfactory basis, remedying many of the
evils heretofore complained of." And that there is a
big field for improvement within the limits of that
specification, any one who knew anything about the
patronage machine that Bowser built will not need to
be told. We may give some "night thoughts" ourselves, one of these days, on the question of civil
service and patronage reform, with special reference
to the personal equation and human interest point of
view. And there's lots of personal equation and
human interest stuff in the patronage question, that
no wise government will wholly overlook.
The Brewster Government, true to its principles and
promises, will bring down legislation at this session to
amend the Election  Act. so as to implement the expressed  will of the people in favor of the extension
of the franchise to women and to provide other needed
changes and reforms in regard to elections.    The long
denied right of the mothers of British Columbia to
be accorded equal guardianship of their children with
the   masculine   head of  the family, is at last to be
recognized.   The Brewster Government, according to
promise, will bring  down a measure for the purpose.
Additional facilities are to be provided for technical
education and encouragement given along the line of
vocational   training.     The  necessities   for  increased
revenue, illustrated by the bequest from the late Government   of an  expenditure of   two dollars to   one
of receipts, is  to he met, not only by economy in administration   and   a general   policy  of   reproductive
development, which will take time to produce results,
but by the adoption of the most modern and scientific
methods of taxation, with the equalization.of assessments.    Through   no   fault of the Government, the
result of the prohibition  referendum is yet in doubt,
and announcement of the Government policy on that
question has therefore been delayed.   Another Government promise  which steps have been taken to fulfil to
the letter is a thorough investigation of the alleged
Vancouver and other Provincial election irregularities.
P. G. E. matters will also be X-rayed.
HERE AND THERE
The British army estimates, issued last week, provide for an army of 5,000,000 men, exclusive of India.
An additional navy estimate calls for 50,000 officers
and men, bringing the total of the navy personnel
to 450,000.
The quiet and confident determination of the people
of Great Britain to win the war���which, in fact, is
necessary to continued national existence���was reflected in the phenomenal way in which the great "win-
the-war" loan, recently issued, was subscribed, or
rather over-subscribed, on top of all the previous
heavy borrowing on war account. The subscriptions
to the "victory loan" totalled ��1,312,950,000 (approximately $6,504,750,000).
Being prohibited from . sending parcels direct to
prisoners of war in Germany, the local Prisoners of
War Committee has decided to send money to London,
where parcels will be prepared and forwarded to the
prisoners in Germany who were being cared for by
the local committee. The committee has been supporting 85 prisoners of war in Germany. Under the new
regulations, this number will probably be cut down to
about fifty. This will mean that approximately $100
per week will have to be raised here to enable the
committee to continue this work without a break.
The announcement has been allegedly authoritatively made, by a Winnipeg; military chaplain, that
the Canadian Militia Act'Will be put into effect
and fifty thousand men called to the colors within ��
sixty days, probably within <the next thirty days.
Single men between the ages of 18 and 45 will,
it is stated, be called up first, and the number to be
supplied by each Province will be apportioned having
regard to the man power of each Province and the
number already contributed by voluntary enlistment���
which ought to let the west off light and draw heaviest upon Quebec. The men, it is stated, will go into
uniform and training at once on being drafted, as a
home defense army, to be sent to the front in eighteen months, if the war tionftnues that long,       -
"Potatoes were gold nuggets," The Pacific Canadian noted in a recent market report. At $50.00 a
ton and as high as $3.00 a sack retail, they might
almost as well be, so far as the ordinary garden variety
of purchaser is concerned. There was as much truth
as poetry in comparing the plebeian spud to the recognized standard of values; for they actually were used
as a medium of exchange, lately, by an ingenious and
curious Chicago reporter, who, with a basket as a
purse and some nice potato specimens from Idaho as
"money," had no difficulty in "negotiating the gate."
The tubers in one case passed current at 3 1-2 cents
each. The cashier of a moving picture show accepted
three of them for a ticket. A taxicab chauffeur took
six for a ride of two blocks, and at a five-and-ten-cent
store the reporter bought two ' 'diamonds'' and a picture frame with the same "legal tender."
The following true and appealing utterances by
that chief spokesman and guide of the Empire in the
war, the Rt. Hon. David Lloyd-George, are most appropriate to the season and the occasion: "You can
not have absolute equality of sacrifice in war���it is
impossible���but you can have equal readiness of sacrifice from all. There are hundreds of thousands who
have given their lives; there are millions who have
given up comfortable homes and exchanged them for
daily communion with death. Multitudes have given
up those they love best. Let the nation}, as a whole,
place its comforts, indulgences, and elegances on a
national altar, consecrated by such sacrifices as these
men have made. Let us proclaim during the war a
national Lent. The nation will be better for it-
stronger mentally, morally and physically. It would
strengthen its fibre and ennoble its spirit.
Applying to this country the lesson and the example of the "drastic measures" for the Old Country
laid down by Premier Lloyd-George, last week, as
absolulutelv necessary to the winning of the war, Sir
Thomas White, Canadian Minister of Finance, said, in
effect, in commenting on the same, that the general
lines of the policy laid down by the British Prime
Minister were as sound for Canada to-day as for Great
Britain. The problem for Canada was to greatly
increase, production and cut down luxurious expenditures. The need for national saving was imperative.
Every citizen should save his money and have it available for the Dominion war loans. If this was done
to the extent of Canada's ability, we should be able
to finance our war expenditure in Canada and find for
Great Britain every dollar she needed to expend here
for munitions and other supplies. This could be done
only by national savin ir. It was a time for self-sacrifice and a time for self-denial. Page 2
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
New Weetminster, B.C.,   March 9, 1917
THE  PACIFIC   CANADIAN
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
GHO. KENNEDY. - - Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;-$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c    for-nx'
months; 25c. for three mouths; 10c. per month,   5c. per copy.
Advertising rales on   application
CHINA MAY BE NEXT.
Even China, the last big ne   ral, and a republic at
that, bids fair to be drawn into the world war vortex.
Germany   did   its best, or worst, for a long time to
bedevil China in the interest of the Teutonic Alliance,
but German influence, with German prestige, has been
distinctly on the down grade for some time now, and
China has been negotiating of late with the Entente
Powers with a view of definitely entering the war on
the side of the Allies.    It has naturally enough beet,
largely a question of the terms- China, proverbially a
great bargainer, desiring to secure a complete remission of   the indemnities imposed by the world powers
as a   result of the Boxer troubles in China, over a
decade ago.   These indemnities total over $30,000,000
a year and run until 1940.    Apart from China's big
reserve  of  man   power to draw upon, the Entente
Powers consider it good policy to bring the big Oriental Republic into the Alliance on account of the great
open trade  market that would thus be gained after
the war,  for  Entente, instead of possible Teutonic,
exploitation.   The extent of China's co-operation in
the war is,  of course, another point in the negotiations.      Matters  progressed to  the length that the
Chinese   Cabinet   reached  the conclusion, early this
week, that  China  should  join the United States in
breaking off relations with Germany.   The President,
however, refused to approve the Cabinet's action, saying that such power rested entirely with him, whereupon   the   Premier resigned and left for Tien Tsin,
taking  several  members of the Cabinet with him.
Parliament and the people generally are said to be
with the Premier,  and the President, who issued a
statement to the effect that his difference with the
Premier was personal, rather than on the question of
foreign policy, has sent representatives to the latter
to induce him to return.
HERE AND THERE
Thursday last will be memorable for an heroic but
costly raid on a large scale by a Canadian division on
the Somme front. Luck was against the gallant men
of the Maple Leaf. The Germans in some way had
been forewarned, and were more than ready, besides
having the advantage of position. The mud was
fearful, and the gas blew back. The Canadians, including a B. C. (Vancouver) battalion, faced the odds
without flinching, inflicted heavy losses, and paid
heavy toll themselves.
In regard to the report that an Order-in-Council was
in contemplation at Ottawa, prohibiting the exportation of potatoes from Canada, it was given out this
week from the capital that, as the result of a survey
which Hon. Martin Burrell, Minister of Agriculture,
has made of the potato situation in Canada, he is convinced there is no necessity for placing an embargo on
potatoes because of a shortage of supplies. Taking
Canada as a whole, it is figured, there is a surplus of
from one to two million bushels over domestic requirements, though Ontario has a shortage.
Premier Brewster has asked the Federal authorities
to take up with the Imperial Government the question
of imports of B. C. salmon, lumber, and fi uit into the
United Kingdom, with a view to having these products excepted from tht list of articles the importation
!���
EDISON
Fri. and Sat, March 9-10
The Canadian Armv in
Action
AND Till'.
Advance of the Tanks
Official Moving Pictures  of   Battle  of Couicelette
and preliminary operations September 15-16, 1916
Performances 2 p.m. to 11 p.m.
Admission 25c Children 10c
Special Orchestra Afternoons and Cvenings
Home Shoe
Repairing
Cobbling Sets ���
containing all the
necessary tools
$1.00
Half Soles and
Heels, Shoe Nails
and Rivets
"Economy Begins   at
Home."
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634 Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butchers
(KENNEDY   BROTHERS) '
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Phone 219
of which into Great Britain it is proposed to prohibit
during the war to economise tonnage. British Columbia's remarkable patriotic record, in contributing men
to the Empire cause, as well as the fact that the
articles in question were products of three of outmost important industries, were pointed out by Mr.
Brewster.
&*M***4riri444rWrfr&M*W"Wtfr4&Mr<ri<*****
v
| PHONES llS and 16
| GILLEY BROS.,Si
? ������Dealers in	
Though taking the ground in his "armed neutrality" message to Congress, last week, that he had the
constitutional authority vested in himself as President,
which he was simply asking Congress to confirm and
approve, President Wilson found, when Congress expired, Sunday, without doing any thing, that there were
grave legal doubts whether he had the power he
thought he had, on account of some old law of the
Republic, passed in 1819, forbidding a merchantman to
fire on "a public armed vessel of a nation in amity
with the United States." Whether that would apply
to Germany in the present situation, is what the President and his constitutional advisers are now wrestling
with, pending the getting of Congress "on the job"
again, and getting the Senate to revise its rules so as
to exclude filibustering���a contract, some predict, that
may prove harder than getting the "armed neutrality"
bill through.
On account of a general election having apparently
having been forced upon Premier Hughes, of Australia, as a result of the political crisis in that Commonwealth, and the consequent inability of the Australian
Premier, or any one else, pending the settlement by
the elections of who shall constitute the Government,
attending the Imperial Conference in London, this
month, the suggestion has been made that it may be
necessary to postpone the Conference-for a month or
$    Crush  d Rock, Sand and   Gravel,   Lime,   Ce-     $
��� ment. Plaster, Drain Tile. Etc.
���V    Forge. House and Steam Coal.    Agricultural Lime
902 Columbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
more. This, it may be hoped, on all accounts, may
be found not to be necessary, as it would prove a
considerable inconvenience to all the other overseas
Dominions, whose Premiers and -other Ministerial
representatives are already in London. Canada would
be particularly incommoded politically, as Parliament
adjourned specially last month, until April 19, with
most of the business of the session yet undone, to
enable Sir Robert Borden to attend the Conference
and return. The situation is not made eaiser by the
fact that there is a heavy lot of business, most of it
growing out of the war, to attend to, and that Parliament expires on October 7th, which means that the
vexed question of a further extension has also to be
thrashed out���and all in that dreaded bugbear of
Ottawa legislators, a summer session.
I
THE   MERCHANTS   LIMITED
New Westminster, B. C,
��-__--------_---_------------------------^^
Friday and Saturday at this store will be
Cut out the Coupon in this advertisement and present to sales clerk when purchasing
the following special values
DINING ROOM SUITE
Comprising, Buffet with leaded glass doors, Round Extension Dining Table and 6 Chairs,   fumed finish,  good
Diners; Regular value $57.00,   Coupon Price ; $39:75
WINDOW SHADES
CURTAIN SCRIMS
In green, complete with Roller and'Fittings 36 in. wide  and
Vour choice of a variety of hemstitched or drawn thread .Scrims
6 ft. long; regular price 60c, Coupon Price, each 39c
in plain colors; Reg. ll t-2c values,   Coupon Price, yd..,.13c
FLOOR OILCLOTH AND PRINTED LINOLEUM
Our entire stock of Tile, Floral and Conventional   Designs, light or dark colors, 2 yards wide
Coupon Price Linoleum, per square yard 59c
Coupon Price Oilcloth, per square yard 39c
NATURAL PONGEE SILK
Pine even weave and a good shade, 34 inches wide, now very
fashionable; Regular 50c value, Coupon Price,  per ynrd--.33c
GINGHAMS
Plain shades and check Ginghams iu all shades to choose from,
fast colors;   Reg. 20c yd., Coupon Price, per yd 12 l-2c
LADIES' SILK GLOVES
These are exceptionally good value and a perfect fitting Glove.      Kither in Plain Black or White,   Black with
White Points or White with Black Points; regular $1.25,   Coupon Price, per pair 75c
SILK BLOUSES
Different styles to choose from made from good Japanese Silk,
good washing silk, all sizes; Reg. $1.75, Coupon Price
each $1.10
Ladies'  Black Cashmere Hose
A rare bargain at this price, being all wool aud sizes 81 toll),
full fashioned with double heel and toe; Regular H9c, per pair,
Coupon Price, per pair 55c
DRESS SKIRTS
Made from fine Navy Blue Serge, neat styles and various
lengths; Regular $3.50, Coupon Price $2.25
BOYS' BLOOMER PANTS
Made from mill ends of suitings strongly lined and double
sewn, variety of colors; Regular $1,50 per pair, Coupon Price
per pair 89c
Goods will not be sold
at coupon price unless
Coupon is presented.
Merchants Limited Coupon
Entitling the  purchaser to the special Coupon
prices.
(Pacific Canadian)        Fri. & Sat., March 9-10
Goods will not lie sold
at coupon price unless
Coupon is  presented. 2,\\
Kew Westminster, B.C.,March 9, 1917
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Page I
LOCAL AND GENERAL.
It will pay you to save this paper, cut
out the coupon, and present it to the
Merchants Limited.
During the month of February, New
Westminster contributed $2,956.12 to the
Canadian Patriotic Fund.
These are all Kodak days, if you only
thought so. Hurudall the Kodak Man
shows you how. Don't be afraid to
ask him. tc
Officers of the Queensborough Social
and Patriotic Club formed recently are:
President, Mrs. N. Mosdell; secretary,
Miss P. Fryer; treasurer, Miss Roma
Crane.
Miss Margaret Walker, aged 45, died
at the Royal Columbian Hospital, Monday evening, after several weeks' illness. She wae born in Ontario, and had
lived on Thirteenth avenue, Burnaby,
for some time.
Mannering & MacKenzie, plumbers,
heaters, and sheet metal workers, have
removed to new and commodious quarters, 55 Sixth st. (Matt Knight's old
stand), where they will be glad to see
you.    Telephone, 922. tc
The 24th annual session of the Grand
Lodge of the Ancient Order of United
Workmen opened in the K. of P. Hall,
this city, yesterday, and is expected to
last two or three days. Dr. A. A. King,
of Ladner, is Grand Master.
Mr, Adam Smith Johnston, barrister,
of this city, is opening a law office in
Vancouver. His law business here has
been taken over by Mr, H. Norman
Lidster, who has been associated with the
firm for the past four years.
The Victorian Order of Nurses will
hold a progressive knitting party at the
home of Mrs. T. J. Trapp, Agnes st., on
the afternoon of Wednesday, March 21,
to raise money to furnish a bed in the
military wing of the Royal Columbian
Hospital.
The ladies ol St. Andrew's Church
will hold a concert in the auditorium of
the Connaught High School, this (Friday) evening, to raise funds for furnishing a bed iu the military wing of the
Royal Columbian Hospital. A good programme has been prepared.
Count Zeppelin, whose name will be
forever associated with the big German
dirrigible that carried death and destruction out of midnight skies to sleeping
non-combatants in English towns��� until
it got to be too hazardous for the Zeppelins!���is reported dead of pneumonia,
at Charlottenburg, near Berlin.
Property owners who do not prune
trees on their property the limbs of
which are too near electric light wires
will have the same pruned by the city
and the cost charged against the property. This was the decision ot the City
Council following a report on the matter
by Aid. Goulet, chatrman of the Electric Light Committee.
Mr. H. A. H. Tuckwell, a member of
the staff of the local branch of the Bank
of Commerce, about three years ago, is
one of the sixteen candidates out of fifty
selected at Victoria for service with the
Royal Flying Corps, and left yesterday
for England. Mr. Tuckwell had recently been connected with the Mission Cily
branch of the Bank of Commerce,
A sacred concert will be given in the
Opera House, Sunday afternoon, commencing at 3 o'clock. A collection will
be taken and the proceeds given to the
King's Daughters to aid in furnishing a
bed in the military wing of the Royal
Columbian Hospital for returned soldiers. Mrs. F. R. Pearson has charge
of the concert arrangements and has
prepared a good programme.
Some good servants make terribly bad
masters. Fire is one of these. We have
to have it in the house day and night;
but, when it breaks loose, as it did at
Hope the other day. everything goes,
even human lives in that case. Vou cannot prevent destructive fires occasionally, but you can insure against financial
loss. See W. B. Blane, The Man Who
Insures, 206-207 Westr. Trust Bldg. tc
The British Mesopotamian forces, under General Maude, are continuing their
triumphal progress toward Bagdad, at
latest accounts their cavalry being within
eight miles of the ancient city, whicli it
was a foregone conclusion would shortly
be taken. Another British army in Palestine had the Turks on the run almost
to the gates of Jerusalem, while the
Russians  were  pushing them in Persia.
Mrs. Mary Clara Haden, aged 45,
wife of Mr. Alfred Haden, 475 Columbia
street east, died in the Koyal Columbia
Hospital, Wednesday. She was born in
the United States and had lived in this
city for the past ten years. Sh- leaves,
besides her husband, four children,
John, Gertrude, Lily and Joseph. The
funeral was held this afternoon from
the residence to the Anglican  cemetery.
The annual meeting of the Local Council of Women will be held in Queen's
Avenue Methodist Sunday School room,
on Monday, March 12. At the morning
session, opening at 9:30, the election of
officers for 1917 will be held The afternoon session, opening at 1:30, will be
devoted to the reports of retiring officers, committee convenors, and affiliated
societies. The usual banquet is being
omitted this year.
' During the month of February twenty
five patients were admitted to the Pro"
vincial Mental Hospital in this city, two
were returned from probation, ten discharged on probation, and four died. At
the end of the month there were 1,225
in the institution in this city and at
Essondale, as compared with 1,212 at
the end of Tanuary. There were 84
patiems out on probation, making a total
of 1,309 under treatment.
The Citv Council has made the license
fee for motors plying for hire in the
city $30 per year. Tliis will cover all
curs for hire, including autotrucks. The
Council had previously made the license
fee for interurban jitneys plying lie.ween
this city and Vancouver $50 per year,
but City Solicitor McQuarrie expressed
the opinion that only cars for hire in the
city could be licensed, and that no discrimination can be made between cars
which after leaving the city go to Vancouver and those which go elsewhere,
Citv  Market.
With ideal spring weather, the regular
weekly market to-day presented au unusually brisk and business-like appearand;, the attendance of buyers being
large, while the stalls presented a very
fair display of produce in most lines.
Meats featured pork, with veal a good
second, at following prices, grading
heavy, medium and light: Pork, 12 to
13c; veal, 12 to 19c. Poultry was a little
short in supply, and prices rose correspondingly, hens bringing 2S to 30c and
springs going as high as 30 to 32c. Eggs
did not keep up with their producers,
retailing at 35c per doz and wholesaling
at from 28 to 20c. Butter stood pat at
50c per lb. Potatoes, in the aristocrat
class apparently to stav awhile, rolled
their eyes and turned up their noses at
auything less than $50 a ton or $3 a sack.
Apples, having a sweeter disposition,
gave themselves away for from $1.25 to
$1.50 per box. Some sour looking
rhubarb, about the first of the season,
in a Chinese gardener's stall, was willing to change owners at 10c per lb.
.���.���k.<��:.:<.:.:..K":��<��:��*':":��>':"K��:-*:-x^k��
LIMITED
The People's
Grocer
" PHONES:
Main Store - 193 and 194
Sapperton branch - 373
West End branch       -       650
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
|
TOTH.SN
**^ i is �� r^iT
T Ed
One month in jail was the sentence
imposed by Police Magistrate Edmonds,
Monday, on an aged Chinaman, convicted of supplying Chinese liquor to an
Indian. The Indian was allowed to go
on suspended sentence.
TENDERS.
PROVINCIAL    MKNTAL    HOSPITAL,
K8SONDALK,   B.    C.
Arm Yourselves
For the approaching House-
cleaning by using Soaps,
Brushes and Cleansers bought
at Welsh's
Floor Scrubs, each.
Sink Scrubs, each-
Floor Mops
 25c
��� 5c & 10c
oil, each 75c
$1.00 and $1.50
TENDERS.in triplicate,endorsed "Provincial Mental Hospital," for the supply of clothing, dry-goods, boots and
shoes, .shoemaker's fittings, meat, fish,
groceries, (lour, coal, mattresses and
bedding, fodder, etc., for the use of the
said institution, from the first of April
next to the 31st of March, 1918, will be
received by the Honourable the Provincial Secretary until noon on Saturday,
the 10th of March, 1917.
Lists of the articles required can be
seen at the Hospital, at which place
samples can also be inspected.
All supplies to be delivered at the
Hospital without extra charge.
Two sufficient sureties for the due fulfilment of each contract will be required.
Tenders will not be considered unless
made out on the forms, which can be
obtained from the Bursar of the Hospital or the undersigned.
A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
February 24th, 1917. t2
POLISHING OILS
Waxit,    Liquid   Veneer
Wizard and O'Cedar
Clean Painted
Woodwork
with
Zog
5.  The new cleaner and polisher
%  Easy to apply, makes things
shine like new.
TENDERS.
PROVINCIAL     HOSPITAL     FOR   THE
INSANE,    NKW    WKSTMIN-
SI'KK, B. C.
TENDERS, ui triplicate, endorsed
"Public Hospital for the Insane,"
for the supply of clothing, dry-goods,
boots and shoes, shoemaker's fittings,
meat, fish, groceries, flour, coal, mattresses and bedding, fodder, etc., for the
use of the said institution, from the 1st
of April next to the,31st of March, 1918,
will be received by the Honourable the
Provincial Secretary until noon on Saturday, the 10th of March, 1917.
Lists of the articles required can be
seen at the Hospital, at which place
samples can also be inspected.
All supplies to be delivered at the
Hospital without extra charge.
Two sufficient sureties for the due fulfilment of each contract will be required.
Tenders will not be considered unless
made out on the forms, which can be obtained from the Bursar of the Hospital or
the undersigned.
A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
February 24th, 1917. t2
ft.
LIMITED
<^>^-����>������!-<��C��<*<**J*��W>*>��X*C
The Hope Holocaust.
Eight men were burned to death in
the fire which destroyed the pioneer
Coquahalla Hotel of Hope, early Tuesday morning last. The dead are: Tom
Wilson, Provincial Fruit Pests Inspector; T. Taylor and T. Kehoe, lumbermen, Vancouver; Bert Ready, Bill Mc-
Keever, and Bob Campbell, miners,
Hope; Geo. Atkins, Kettle Valley Railway, Hope, and an unidentified Austrian or Serbian. About thirty other
guests escaped in their nitrht clothes.
An overheated stove in the office is the
probable cause oi the fire. The hotel
was valued at $30,000..
The rainfall in this city for last month
is given at 2.69 inches, with 33.5 inches
of snow, or a total precipitation of about
thirty-six inches.
..OPERA HOUSE..
Friday and Saturday, March 9-10
Special Picked Programme for the Children
Baby Marie Osborne
In Another Wonderful Play of Sunshine and Magic, Entitled
"TWIN   KIDDIES"
DON'T MISS IT
MYRTLE STEDMAN AND HOUSE PETERS in
The Happiness of Three Women
Sixth Chapter o( "The Yellow Menace"--"The Engine of Torment"
FRIDAY EVENING���Doors open  7.30;   Performance starts at 8.00
SATURDAY MATINKE���SPECIAL FOR CHILDREN
Admission 5c   Adults 25c performances start at 2 and 8 p.in.
Get a Transfer Ticket at the Edison, it will admit you
to the Opera House for 15c Friday and Saturday
Under the auspices of of the Arbutlmot Chapter, I.O.D.K,
B____(--_---_^3-9__S__-S3-____-_,
Special  Showing of
New Suits and Coats
for Spring
There is a wealth of beauty, splendid
style lines and heaps of smartness in
the advance arrivals of the new Suits
and Coats for Spring.
Our present showing of garments
embraces a wide range of individual
styles which are finding ready buyers
among those who choose early. The
early choice you know will give you
something different. We invite you
to see what we are offering.
DO NOT FORGET
That every Week-End we offer special values in all
Departments.    Make an effort to visit our store to-day.
Study Seeds
Why Not Attend to This Today?
We have a fine stock. Several
varieties grown in Westminster
District.
We Specialize in HOME PRODUCTS
���AT���
H. Ryall
Druggist  and  Optician
NEW WESTMINSTER. B. C. PHONE 57
!.+���������������������������������������<�������������������+������*���-��������������������������������������������������������������������?
SP
* i
ik____i
\\_fe-__-=p^^-_
____BBy||[
irp^Twvv���
i     ir
FOR SALE
40 acres in Surrey, 20 acres
cleared, balance easy clearing.
6 room House, Barn and
Stable, good orchard, A-l Soil
Apply to
Wm. McAdam
Real Estate and Insurance Broker
Room 1, Hart Block
WOOD
AND
COAL
at prices that are  RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is our
motto
Phones:  150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
���Seed Grain-
Grass and   Clover Seeds
NOW is the time to get busy on   your  requirements.
We are all ready with the finest No.   1  Government Grades of Timothy and Clovers in B. C.
Also Seed Oats, Wheat Barley, Peas, Corn, Etc.
Write us for Price List.    We have enough  for all.
The Brackman-Ker Milling
Company, Ltd.
NEW WESTMINSTER,
B. C. raj?..) 4
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
Kew Westminster, B.C.,   March 9, 1917*
DEBATE ON ADDRESS.
H.  0. Hall, Victoria,  and  John  Keen,
Kaslo, Opened   Ball of the Big Talk
in the LeKislature, by Movin-t and
Seconding Address in Reply.���Mr. D.
Whiteside Spoke Monday.
While  the formal opening of the Provincial Legislature took place on Thursday, March   1st,   the   House,   as usual,
did   not   get  down   to  the work of the
session  till   the next day, when the big
general   free-for-all was introduced with
the customary piece de resistance of the
address  in reply to the speech from the
throne.
The sitting opened sharp at 2:50 p. m.
Friday, with Mr. Speaker Weart in the
chair of which former Speaker Eberts
had beome so familiar an occupant, till
he hit something and failed to win a
seat in the House last September.
It fell to Mr. H. C. Hall, fourth member for Victoria, to move the address in
reply and to make his maiden speech in
the Legislature at the same time, and by
ail accounts he appears to have made a
good job of it. Being a young lawyer,
Mr. Hall was more or less practiced in
the speaker's art, and being a Liberal
(the other kind are something like the
proverbial hen's teeth on the floor of the
Legislature���what a change from only
one short year ago!), he found himself
very much in favor of the Government
programme, as set forth in the speech
from the throne, and said so, with variations and with a good deal of force and
eloquence. A particularly noticeable
statement, coming from a city representative, was with regard to the Agricultural Credits Act, that it had not proved
the success which had been expected by
the former Government, and was satisfactory neither to the Administration nor
the settlers, a criticism which will be
generally endorsed by most people who
have run up against the working of the
Act. Mr. Hall was glad to observe that
it was proposed to broaden its scope.
In alluding to fishery matters, Mr. Hall
declared that the Dominion Government
had no vested right in fish alter they
were caught, and hence could not properly attempt to tax or control canneries
in this Province. He believed tiiat the
Government of this Province would fight
against any infringement of its rights in
this respect. Applause from the ladies'
gallery greeted the references of the
speaker to the advantages of equal gur-
dianship legislation and the improvement iu the politics of the Province
that would come when the women exercised their franchise. The Bowser press
is significantly authority for the state
ment that an ironical smile flickered
over the Opposition benches when Mr.
Hall remarked that the proposed civil
service legislation would remove the
baneful curse of patronage. Referring
to railway matters, Mr. Hall said the
railway guaram.ee policy of the previous
government had cost the Province dearly.
These guarantees were based on cost of
construction, but there was no check on
the cost nor was there any definition of
net earnings, with the result that the
railways could and did mulct the Province whenever they wished to default on
bond interest. The gross pnblic debt of
the Province, apart from guarantees, at
the end of last March, was over $29,-
000,000, and during the fiscal year ending March 31, 1916, with a revenue of
only $6,000,000. the Province spent over
211,300,000. With regard to the P. G.
E., documents in possession of the Minister of Railways, said Mr. Hall, showed
that the policy of making illegal overpayments to the company had been carried on by the late Government from the
very commencement of things and was
not started with the hard times accompanying the outbreak of the war, as had
been asserted. Even before the payment
of $300,000 of defaulted P. G. E. bond
interest acknowledged by the Government last session, there had been another million dollars in interest paid by the
(Government. And a total of $5,700,000
had been paid out to the company contrary to the agreement. There was a
strong possibility that the C. N. R. had
expended the proceeds from the hypothecation of branch line guaranteed
bonds on main line construction.
Mr. John Keen, Liberal member for
Kaslo, in seconding the address in reply
to the speech from the throne, said that
it was his great desire to have the present Legislature be able to say when it
went out of existence that it did so with
the fewest blunders of any parliament
sitting in the Province. Speaking of
��� the proposed Vancouver memorial for
returned soldiers, he thought it should
wait until the Kaiser had been whipped.
Men of strong human sympathies should
lie placed in charge of the work for
returned soldiers when the war was over
and everything savoring of charity
should he eliminated. He favored some
scheme by which all of the returned
soldiers could he given a chance to work
in preparing soldier farms, thus getting
into the open air and having a tt v at
farm iife. Representing a mining constituency, a good deal of attention was
devoted by Mr. Keen to that industry,
and particularly to the difficulties existing in connection with the bonding of
mining prospects. In many cases the
men doing the bonding, if thev failed to
hit ore at the first attempt, skipped from
the country, leaving the owner of the
prospect to pay accumulated wages to.
the men or else lose his property when
the miners filed a workmen's lien. The
prospectors were now reaching a stage
where they were almost afraid lo bond
properties unless security for the payment of wages was provided. Mi. Keen
told the Opposition, (or their comfort,
that the late Administration had built
many roads and trails in the Kaslo dis
trlct, but there was not a good one iu.
the lot.
Mr. David Whiteside, the member for
New Westminster, adjourned llo debate
i.u Friday, which gave him the floor
when the 1 louse resumed Monday afternoon . In a sp'-eoh of more than ordinary depth aud force, Mr. Whiteside
dealt pointedly and effectively with a
Variety of subjects He suggested that
tlie Brewster Government should properly represent the brotherhood of man.
liut, if the hopes of the Administration
were   to be  realized, it would have to
depart from a slavish following of precedents and must lend a sympathetic
and responsive ear to the needs of the
poople. In this connection, he pointed
out where in his opinion a heavy burden
might be removed frsm the shoulders of
75 per cent of the people of the Province, if the Government would look into
and devise some means for giving the
public access to the fish teeming in the
inland waterways. An abundant supply
should be obtained at first cost, so as to
bring down the high cost of living- He
also wanted to see a publtc utilities commision appointed, to have control of
power rates or else to provide for Government operation of power plants. He
charged that hundreds of thousands of
horsepower went to waste each year
simplv because private companies were
tying them up for speculative purposes,
lie pointed out thut within two years
after Winnipeg had invested in a civic
power plant, 400 new industries opened
up in the city. The high cost of power,
he said, should not be allowed to stand
in the wav of manufacturing progress in
liritish Columbia. Mr. Whiteside also
advanced arguments iu favor of public
prose?ution iu the preliminary trial
Stages nf persons charged with such
frauds as ihelt. Under present circumstances, he said, public prssccution did
not commence until there was a commitment for trial, with the result that
a great number of offenders were never
brought to justice. "I know of cases,"
svid Mr. Whiteside, "where men who
stole large sums of money are walking
idiout iu freedom simply because they
took all the money " their victims had
and none was left for prosecutions. ,We
should have some system providing for
prosecuting attorneys, as they have in
the States, so that prosecution would be
taken up as a public duty and the burden of expense would not fall upon private persons." Mr, Whiteside made a
strong arraignment of the Companies
Act of the Province, wliich he said lert
the door open to frauds and imposition.
It was made the refuge of rogues and
scoundrels, instead of being a protection
to the public. The House would be well
engaged if it amended the Companies
Act and made it impossible to capitalize
a concern away beyond its assets. Then
large blocks of stock in these companies
were given away to favorites. This form
of business lunacy found its highest expression in the P. G. E, where $25,000,-
000 of share capital was allotted to
individuals without the payment of a
dollar. Mr. Whiteside also referred, by
way of illustration, to the notorious Dominion Trust failure, the huge-loss from
which, he said, was not a circumstance
to the other losses which the Province
had sustained almost from its formation
from the same sort of loose legislation.
He advocated "blue sky" laws, as in the
States, for the purpose of putting au
end to the over-capitalization of companies, and concluded. "What is the use
of talking on the platform of government of the people, by the people, and
for the people, if we have to go back to
them saying we are helpless to cope with
the   problems which we see before us?"
Mr. G. S. Hanes, member for North
Vancouver, the next speaker, gave a
vigorous criticism of the McBride-Bowser
railway legislation, particularly the P.
G E. Acts, which he descrsbed as a
piece of legislation to deprive the Province of millions of dollars. He demanded that the Government take over the
line and either operate it itself or else
lease to another company for operation,
keeping   full control of assets and rates.
The adjournment of the debate was
moved by Mr. F. W. Anderson, member for Kamloops, who, at Tuesday's
sitting, made a valuable contribution to
the debate, which there is not space to
review here.
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
H. A. EASTM0N
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NEW WESTMINSTER
COAL
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacR
JOSEPH MAVERS'i
Foot Sixth St.
Phone 105
A
THERMOS
BOTTLE
i '
;    Will keep your  tea or coffee
1    warm   and   you   will   enjoy
vour lunch.
!    We can   sell   you   Thermos
'    Bottles and J(unch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Phones:
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
NOTICE.
We wish to announce to the public we
are still doing business at the old stand,
cor. Eighth and Carnarvon sts., New
Westminster, B. C. When you require
plumbing, heating, sheet metal work or
repairs, phone us on our old No.���586 _
MKRRITHEW & RAMSAY.
Let the MODEL
Be Your GROCER
Extra large Dill Pickles, per
doz ISc
De Jong's Cocoa, tin 15c
Buttercup Milk, large tin, each 10c
Table Raisins, 1-lb pkg, only.. 15c
Del Monte Catsup; we have sampled this Catsup and can recommend it as being of fine quality;
large bottle 30c
Lard Compound, lb 20c
Toilet Paper, 5 rolls 25e
Dr. Price's Baking   Powder,
6-oz. tin 20c
12-oz. tin 40c
2 1-2 lb. tin SI.15
White Swan Naptha Soap, 5
cakes ', 25c
Ivory Soap, 5 cakes 25c
Snider's Tomato Soup, large
tin 15c
Skookum Furniture Polish, per
bottle 25c, 50c, 75c
Bird Seed, pkg 15 c
Roman Meal Health Food, per
pkg 50c
Uncle Sam Bi Food, pkg 35c
Winner Brand Cove Oysters, per
tin .10c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phowe 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone U11L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Spring  Millinery
Opening
This week end finds our Millinery Department in its opening dress,
anticipating the most critical attention of women who are particular to their Lady wear. Under the new management of Miss
Westcott there has been made ready an authoritative display of
the most fashionable models. You will appreciate the style features which distinguish the pattern hats expressly imported for the
opening display. The many adaptations and copies of models
gathered from various sources, together with the productions of
our work room, are hats which will, owing to the originality displayed in each, find ready favor.
We invite your presence Friday and Saturday, March 9-10
and following days.
W. S. (Jollister & Go.
The Store   for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Blacksmithing
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Agents for REGAL GASOLINR ENGINES
��� tSr   New Westminster, B, C.
James & McClughan
PLUMBING
and
HEATING
Auto Tires & Accessories
HARDWARE
New Westminster, 6. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
Chinaman
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)    '
will do it for you,
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
Glanville's Bargain Store
NEW  LOCATION:
Next Door to Anderson & Lusby
Two Big Specials for  Thirty Days
^Ofl   PAIIN    OF    ^HnF^a-=TnivelleiV  Sa,nples  for   Men' Wome11   aud  Children,
dUV   lAll\J     Ur     jlIULJ3"asciijnB; at less than manufacturers'  price.    These  Shoes
are of the best quality leather and latest styles,    A look will convince you,
Men's and Boys' Blue Serge, Tweed and Worsted Suits
At actual wholesale prices.    Boys as low as $4.95 and Men's at $7,50.    This will help reduce the high cost ofdiving.
TO INVESTORS
__mqpmi
HOSE WHO, FROM TIME TO TIME, HAVE FUNDS REQUIRING
INVESTMENT MAY PURCHASE
AT PAR
DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK
IN SUMS OF *50O OR ANY MULTIPLE THEREOF.
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free of exchange at
any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent per annum from the date of
purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and accrued interest,
as tho equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment made under any future war loan issue
in Canada other than an issue of Treasury Bills or other like short date security.
Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and
stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications for this stock which bear their
stamp.
For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finanoe, Ottawa.
DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA, ��
OCTOBER 7th, 1916.

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