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The Pacific Canadian Jan 20, 1894

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Array H5
Miik ��mMm.
Vol. I.
No. 19.
���a* EROHANT'S HOTEL, corner of McNeely
M and Columbia Streets. Best Wines
and Olgars kept constantly on nana. JAS.
CASH, Proprietor.    	
ROOM. Oysters fresh dally. All same
in season. Open day and night. Meals at
all hours, First-class custne. No Chinamen.
HARRY HUGHES, Proprietor.
GROTTO HOTEL. This Houso has been
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and tho proprietor solicits a share of public
naS-nnage. MEALS, 25 cents. White cooks.
G. 14. SMALL, Proprietor.	
/QUEEN'S HOTEL, corner OlemOnt and
U Columbia Streets. G. n. WILLIAMS.
proprietor, Plrst-olass In every parti i ar.
pliro Winoa and Liquors, and choice brands
of Cigars. 	
opposite to the Perry Landing.   Nothing bufoholcost.of liquors and olgars.  Tele-
351SWfnr*&"K  HOGA-N BEOS.,
OOIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Columbia
i i and BeSble Streets, Now Westminster.
ro. Bates for Board and Lodging: Per
dav.ll.OOi por wook, I5.S0. Tho best of Wines,
Liquors and Cigars dispensed at tho bar.
.1. Tj. GRAY, Proprietor.	
DEPOT HOTEL, Columbia Stroet, Now
b Westminster, The best $1.00 a day bouse
in Canada. Tho rooms are superior, and the
Hotel Is well adapted to the needs of families,
"��wllom^SeeW rates are Sjven. B��rd tar
the weok at reduced rates. P. O, BILODEAU,
rvriTT. TIOUGLAS, corner of Columbia
. .awl MeKenzie Streets. Now Westmins-
&t Amer can and European plan. Shaving
nar'lor attached, undor tJhe management of
EwilkeVT Restaurant open few^g^M'
Sample room for commercials. A.-J. TOLMIE,
Proprietor. Telephone 111.  P.O.Boxai.
mrtE HOLBKOOK HOUSE, Front Stroet,
T New Westminster. This Is the popular
Hotel of the city.    Airy and well furnished
vised and the din ng tables supplied with
all the luxuries of the season. Banquets
soUad to order. Lato suppers provided at
short notice Choice Wfnes, liWogi and
Cigars in the sample room. A. VACHOW,
����� ����� ANN & SMITH. Llglit and heavy dray-
M mg ff ail kinds. Household tarnltnN
carefully romoved, and special attention
rivln to removing pianos, safes, ete Mill
wood teamed too?der. Express at all hours.
Telephone 88. 	
town 1 mile from school, good house, good
water Title good. Adress, Subbcbibbb.
Office Pacific Canadian.     ^__
~~Pure Bred Berksliire
The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swine, lias always on hand pigs of
alf ages, which will be sold at reasonable
prices.   APPlvtOTHoMAspHANNoN
Clovordalo. B.C.
One Dollar per Tear.
The subscription price of this paper is
81 per annum. The Pacific Canadian
is the only $1 paper published In British
Columbia, and is certainly the best
paper published for the money in any
of the western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper is an educator, and no
family should be without one. The
Canadian is designed for a family paper,
and is always free of objectionable
matter. Every homo should havo it.
Only SI per year.
New goods arriving daily at
Don't place your orders before
seeing our Stock.
Opposite Masonic Block,
Mainland Track and Dray
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
Attended to.
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received forOllley & Rogers'Coal.
Importer and Manufacturer of
IMS, Sales, Etc.
647 Front St., New Westminster.
Mb. W. H. Ladner, tho nowly-elected
Reeve of Delta, was in town on Tuesday.
The wator In the Fraser river has been
rising steadily this week, whicli Is something unusual at this season.
The weather during tho past week has
been mild but unusually blustory. There
has been high wind nearly evory night,
with furious gales on the Gulf that In -
terefred with navigation.
Mb. Jas. James, for 25 years a resident
of Fort Langley, died at that placo on
Tuesday, from an attack of la grippe.
He was 80 years old, widely known and
widely esteemed.
It is said that the Royal Templars of
Temperance contemplate opening a
coffee tavern in this city shortly. The
establishment might accomplish some
good, and it certainly could not do
During the galo on Monday night, a
section of the massive wall that surrounds the Provincial jail was blown
down. It will necessitate the expenditure of a few hundred dollars to repair
A bad piece of road between Everett
and Seattle, on the Great Northern Rail,
way has greatly interfered with the
traffic on that road tho past week.
Saturday's train was cancelled, likewise
those of Monday and Wednesday. The
track is now cleat again.
It is said that Capt. Irving, of Victoria, contemplates making arrangements with President Hill, of the Great
Northern Railway, with a view to connecting that road with Victoria by means
of the C. P. Navigation Company's
Mr. B'red. Fooks, of Upper Sumas,
reports that excellent seams of coal and
fire clay have been found on and in the
neighborhood of his farm. Arrangements are being made to have further
tests applied to ascertain the extent of
the value of the find.
The Sumas dyking scheme is being got
into working shape, and it is believed
that practical operations will commence
early In spring. The enterprise is a
large ono, the estimated cost being
$350,000. It Is expected that about
25,000 acres of tho choicest lands In the
Province will thus become available for
Sheriff Armstrong on Tuesday received the formal notice of commutation
of the deatii sentences against the Indians Peter and Jack, who wero found
guilty of the murder of young Pittendrigh. Wednesday the convicts were
removed from tho Provincial Jail to the
Penitentiary, where they must no^toend
the reinaluder of their days. X
Wobd has been received hero that Mr.
H. E. Harlock, the well known cannery
man, has died in California, where he
went for the benefit of his health. He
had been Buffering from throat disease,
and was taken seriously ill last week.
Mrs. Harlock left for San Francisco on
Thursday, arriving there just in timo to
see her husband dio. The remains will
probably be interred in San Francisco.
Freighting, it is reported, is brisk at
Clinton and thereabouts at this season.
Contractor D. McGillivray, propriotor of
the Lulu Island Pipe Works, Is delivering about 60,000 lbs. of pipe per week at
the 59-mile post. Tho contract has been
let to EaglesOD & Eagen to haul 050,000
lbs. of pipe to tho Horsotly and 100,000
lbs. to the Quesnelle Forks. Next summer will be a busy one in mining circles
In that vicinity.
Mr. A. A. Richmond, of Cloverdale,
was appointed clerk, pro tern, at last meeting of the old Surroy Council, vice E. T.
Wade suspended. On Monday last,
Reovo Armstrong road tho auditor's report to the Council, from which it appears that the linances aro not in satisfactory shape, but It would hardly be
wise to discuss these matters until fuller
information Is available. It Is understood that In a short time the auditor's
report will be published.
Nicholas MbABB, brother of Ben Kennedy, who murdered John O'Connor at
Reed Island lust June, appeared in tlie
Polico Court Saturday morning before
Capt. Pittendrigh. Hears was up on
a charge of Intimidating a witness in
the late Assizes, Stephen lllnkly, but
the witness seems to have loft the
country us he cannot be found. Thore
being no evidence against Mears, tbo
Court bound him ovor iu the sum of
$501) to appear at the next Assizes if
called upon.
Mr. Dan. Johnston, of Mud Hay, was
In town on Thursday. Though willing
to accept the decision of bis friends not
to protest the Surrey election, he nevertheless feels strongly on the outrageous
fact that three-fourths of the electors of
Surrey worn disfranchised, largely by
tho bungling of tho municipal officers.
In Mr. Johnston's own ward the list of
voters was reduced to 10. of whom eight
were non-resident and did not vote. Tho
total voters' list of the Municipality was
244, of which number a great many aro
non-residents and non-voters. Tho real
voting strength of Surrey is placed at
Early yesterday morning a fire broke
out in the residence of Mr. A. W. Rose,
902 Fourth street. Mr. Rose was
awakened by the crackling of the flames,
and succedod In getting the family out
In safety, though with very little timo
to spare. Tho firemen were promptly
on the ground, and succeeded tn partly saving tho building, on which tho loss
will bo about $200. Tbe contents of the
house were almost entirely destroyed,
and although partially covered by insurance, will entail a considerable loss
on Mr. Rose.
Two Chinamen, Loy Sing and Lee Sara, I
were on Tuesday found guilty of maiming cattle bolonging to Mr. Thos. Smith,
Lulu Island, and each sentenced to two
years in the Penitentiary. The other
three who wero similarly charged wero
acquitted. In sentencing the two convicted Chinaman Judgo Hole remarkod
that the full penalty of their crime was
14 years and that they had to thank tho
able advocacy of their counsel, Mr. Mc-
liride, for Its mitigation.
We do not hold ourselves responsible for the
opinions of correspondents.
Yesterday was a vory good day at the
market, and Clerk Lewis was feeling
much pleased at tho volume of business
There was a fair supply of produce, and
a ready demand, quite a crowd of peoplo
being present during part of the day.
The supply of poultry was hardly equal
to tho demand and prices aro firm. Eggs
Incline downwards, a largo lot having
been disposed of at 29 cents per doz.
Meats romaln as before, with a prospect
of better prices for beef. Potatoes are
quoted at the old figure, and a large
quantity are being disposed of. Rod
carrots are quoted lower whilo beets and
onions show a better price. Oats also
incline upwards, and carry a better price.
We quote as follows:
Fresh eggs, 29 to 35 cents per doz.
Butter, 50 to 60 cents per roll.
Poultry���Only a few dressed turkeys
and some chickens offered. The turkeys
brought $2 to $2.50. Chickens, live, are
quoted at $5 per doz.; dressed, 50 cents
each.    Live hens, $6 per doz.
Pork, whole, 8 cents; cuts, 9 to 11
cents. Beef, forequarters, $5; hindquarters, $6; cuts, 7 to 11 cents. Mutton, whole, 9 cents; cuts, 8 to 12 cents.
Hay remains at $13 per ton.
Oats, $27 to $28 per ton. Wheat, $28
to $30.
Potatoes, SI, to $18 per ton. Turnips,
$8 to $0; mangolds, $7; white carrots, $7;
red carrots, 810 to $11; beets, lJi cents
por lb.; cabbage, H cents; parsnips,
li; onions. 1% cents.
Apples, SI to $1.25 per box.
Mrs. Jarleg's Waxworks at Ladners.
An exhibition of the above Waxworks
will be given in the Town Hall at Ladners on Wednesday, the 24th inst., commencing at 8 o'clock p. m. Great Interest is being taken in it by the local
talent and as the rehearsals are being
well attended, it Is confidently oxpected
to be a groat success. There is to be a
grand march of all the performers as a
grand finale, which will be the great
feature of the entertainment. Mr.
Aubery Rounsfelt of Vancouver has
kindly offered to officiate as Mrs. Jarley.
The proceeds of tho entertainment are
to bo devoted to the fund of the Episcopal Church at Ladners.
Election of Officers.
The annual meeting of the Royal
Scarlet Chapter ot tho New Westminster
District was held in the Orange Hall on
last Tuesday evening, lfith inst. There
was a good number of the Brethren present. On the occasion only ono candidate was advanced to that Illustrious
degree, Comp. Ewon Martin. After
transacting tho usual business, the following were the officers olected for the
ensuing year: Worshipful Comp. in Command, John Jackson; Ex-Comp. in Com-
| maud, Wm. Campbell; Comp. Scribe,
Frank Webb; Comp. Troas., Joseph
liurr; Comp. Chaplain, Rev. J. J. Ash-
ton; Sir Herald K. of Arms, Wm. Moore;
Inside Herald, Win. Johnston; Outside
Herald, Thos. Crawford; Comp. Auditors,
John Walmsley and Samuel G. Ashe.
After the different officers wero elected,
Lodge was adjourned to meet in Mt.
Pleasant, Vancouver, on Saturday, 20th
Correspondence of Pacific Canadian.
The train service on the G. N. Railway
for some days past has been very irregular, owing to obstruction on the line
south of the boundary.
It Is rumored that tho Royal City
Planing Mill Co. will shortly resume
operations in the logging camps in this
On Saturday last, 13th, a meeting of
the residents of Glenwood, Belmont und
neighborhood was held In the Glenwood
schoolroom, for the purpose of considering the best and most economical mothod
to adopt In clearing outjtho Anderson
creek, so us to enable tbo sottlors to got
the wator off their land, and other improvements in the neighborhood, tho
Government having mado a small grunt
to assist in making the needed Improvements. The sense of the meeting on the
question of clearing out the Anderson
creek, was that the work could be done
to best i dvantage by day labor, and all
who wished could work tbereon atSl.no
per day with Mr. Jus. Vaughn as foreman of work. In regard to the opening
of the mile of road from Glenwood school-
house, it wus decided to do it under the
same general conditions, with Mr. A. J.
Annand as foreman of work.
A public meeting will be held at the
same placo to consider the expediency of
clearing out theCampbell river and making it available for running logs and
timber as well as for drainage purposes,
there being immense quantities of most
excellent cedar and lir tributary to this
river, the land also being of lirst-class
quality, but owing to the beaver dams
and other obstructions in the river, it
ovollows aftor every considerable rain.
If opened out it would materially assist
in tho development of a very extenslvo
To the Editor of Pacific Oanadlun.
Unalloyed satisfaction is felt throughout Ward 1, Surroy Municipality, at the
signal defeat of ex-Councillor Bothwell.
His questionable methods of < Ing business have been much comme .d on for
a long time. His last and dirtiest trick,
that of putting one Pathmaster (R. S.
Inglls) and his own two brothers to do
work on another Paihmastor'sboat after
he know the result of the poll Is disreputable. Ho and his insignificant clique
fully expected a three-cornered contest,
but they wore fooled and beaten It is
to be hoped that our new councillor bus
no Impecunlous relations to provido for
during the ensuing year.
Tax Payer.
Tlnehead. January 15th, 1894.
The Fishing Regulations.
To the Editor of tho Pacific Canadian.
Sir,���In the draft of Fishing Regulations published In your issue of Doc. 80,
somo changes from other years aro to be
noted. I will take up some clauses that
I think need amendment, and as I am
not a good scribe, I hope you will correct
my errors of diction.
It Is plain to be seen that Clause 10
was Inpired by cannery men, as tho close
season cuts off all other fishermen.
Clause 16 was gotten up either by canners, or by some ono Interested in
Japanese and our cousins across the
border. Clauses 17, 18, 19 and 20 allow
firms or companies to practice a fraud
both on the Government and the bona fide
fishermen, for it Is the usual custom of
such dealers to ship or freeze their
salmon until the canneries open, and
then turn all their catch Into the canneries, These people do no seek to open
foreign markets, and I would like to have
the Government informed of the fraud
tbat is practiced by the so-called freezers.
It looks as though the regulations were
framed to bar white fishermen, who are
British subjects, from gaining a livelihood in their native land where they
bad hoped to live In peace and plenty
under the protection of tbo flowing folds
of the Union Jack. The canners, possessed of the full number of licenses
allowed, have everything in their own
hands when lish are running free, and
say to the licensed fishermen, "We do
not want your salmon; we have plenty
of our own." The some holds good of
the so-called freezers, and I would be
glad to be Informed where these freezers
and fish dealers are opening up new
markets. There Is no other place In the
Dominion of Canada where fish dealers
aro allowed sufficient fishing licenses to
enable them to do an export business
without the aid of Jiudepondon tjfishermen.
Clause 25 of the regulations leaves open
another fraud. Farmers' licenses have
been granted before, and although they
were supposed to fish for their own use
only, It was the regular thing for them
to deliver salmon to the canneries by
private arrangement with some licensed
fisherman who delivered the fish.
January 2nd, 1894.
To tho Editor of tho Pacific Canadian.
Sir,���It appears to grieve '���Ratepayer"
at Hall's Prairie and his party who sent
that false and cowardly communication
to the Columbian on tho 10th inst., and
was not man enough to sign his name to
it, that the Government is likely to put
the Serpentine dam in such a condition
as will give to the settlers Interested the
bonoflts which It was Intonded to do in
the first place. He soems to try to pile
all the blamo of squandering that $25,000
on the dam and dyke on me and my supporters at tho lato municipal election,
while In fact 1 never bad the honor of a
seat among that noted body of legislators
the Surrey Council. Hut what was our
careful and popular Reeve of Surrey
doing at that time. Examine the Council minute book, and you will find him
Councillor of Ward 8 and head beetler on
the dyking committee when they spent
$25,000 to do a job that Mr. Hill, C.E.,
said could be well done for $8,000, and
mado a miserable failure of the whole
scheme, and then asked tho dykers to
pay the whole amount, when the Dyking
By-Law, which afterwards turned out
not to be worth the paper it was written
on, was only drawn to hold the dykers
for $12,000, though not a dollar could be
collected on It. Then whero do we find
our careful and popular Reeve of Surrey:
prostrating himself before the Government in Victoria and praying that an
enabling bill be passed to make the
dykers foot tho whole bill. But notwithstanding all the tall swearing done, the
Government could not be persuaded to
grant his humble prayer, and he was
glad to accept the proposition that the
wholo municipality pay $13,000 and the
dykers $12,000. which,as far as I know, the
dykors nover rof usod todo. He talks about,
retrospective legislation, but who asked
for it? Was not tho careful and popular
Roevo of Surroy one of the Iirst to hold
up both hands for ll, to whitewash nil
his blundering and save him from going
down In his own pocket. Tho result of
all this able and business-like legislation
is that the Municipality of Surrey has to
pay $86,000 which they have nothing to
show for, "Ratepayer" need not be
alarmed that the Council will be asked
to build another dam for us. Not much.
One is plenty, and wo will be reminded
of it annually for the next twenty years.
D. Johnston.
Mud Bay, Jan. 10, 1894.
The C. P. N. Company's steamer
Transfer which carries passengers from
the mouth of the Fraser to New Westminster, is to bo fitted with a new boiler,
so as to become one of the fastest boats
of the size in the province.
Capt. John Irving left for the East on
Tuesday morning. It Is understood that
one object of his trip Is to meet President
Hill, of the Great Northern and arrange
to connect Victoria w;th that Company's
system by theC. P, N., boats.
The last session of the sixth Legislative Assombly of tho Provlnco of British
Columbia was opened in due form in
Victoria on Thursday last. Nearly all
the members were in attendance. Following is the speech from the Throne:
Mr. Speaker and Gentlemen of tlie Legislative Assembly: I have much pleasure iu
meeting you again in this your fourth
session for the despatch of tho business
of the country.
The measure of redistribution, which
was necessarily postponed on account of
Imporfect census returns, will be Introduced during the present session for
your consideration.
Acting under tho authority conferred
by the "Railway Aid Act" of last session,
a guarantee of Interest has been given
In favor of the Nakusp & Slocan Railway
Co., and 1 am glad to state that the work
of construction has been vigorously
pushed, and tho lino will be In running
order during the present year, so that
tho valuable trado of tho Slocan region
will bo attracted towards tho mercantile
centres of the Provlnco. In arranging,
under your authority, the details of the
agreement with tho company, I have reserved the alternative right of guaranteeing the bonds of the company, both
as to principal and intorest. By adopting this plan, tho bonds can be sold for
a higher price, and considerable economy effected. Your attention will be
asked to a measure with this object.
Papers upon the subject will be laid before you,
I am happy ta Inform you that, following upon your former legislation, tho
Nelson & Fort Sheppard Railway has
been nearly completed, and is now running, thus materially assisting in the
general developement of the Province.
Notwithstanding the reduction in the
market price of stiver, tho mines of the
West Kootenay District, in consequence
of the high grade of their ores, have
shown a healthy developement.
In Cariboo and other portions of the
Province, marked attention has been
given to hydraulic mining, and important works are being undertaken In that
The coal mines of the Province have
shown an output of 979,260 tons, being
an increase of 152,925 tons over last year.
The agricultural and horticultural reports from the various districts show a
satisfactory Improvement, both as to tho
area under cultivation and the modes of
Our fishing industry, a great source of
wealth to the Province, has produced results larger than iu any previous year.
The question as to tho jurisdiction of
the Dominion Government to grant licenses for and to regulate fishing lo Provincial waters is about to be submitted
to the Supreme Court of Canada, and I
shall take care that tho interests of this
Province are properly represented before
that tribunal.
In view of tbe discoveries of gold In
the Alberni District during the past
yoar, and claims to the precious metals
within the railway lands upon Vancouver
Island having been advanced by the
Esqulmalt and Nanaimo Railway Company, a special case raising the point has
been referred to the Supreme Court for
A suitable site for the "Provincial
Home," the establishment of which was
authorized by you, has been purchased
at Kamloops, plans have been prepared
for the building, and tenders for construction will shortly be called for.
Although the past year has been one
of groat commercial depression throughout the world, the Revenue of the Province has closely approxminatod the
estimate, notwithstanding the diversion
of considerable sums to newly formed
The three per cent, loan authorized
for the construction of new Legislative
and Departmental Buildings by the
"Parliament Buildings Act" was placed
upon the money market and brought 92
per cent, of par value, an appreciable and
gratifying iucreaso in the value of Provincial securities. Contracts for tho
buildings have been awarded, and the
work is now in progress.
The Estimates of Revenue and Ex
ponc'.ituro for the coming year will bo
laid before you at an early date, and it
Is trusted that they will be found to
have been prepared with a duo regard
to economy and tho requirements of the
public service. In deliberating upon the
Items of expenditure you will be asked
to consider the justico of aiding Township Municipalities by expenditures
upon trunk roads.
The long standing dispute with the
Dominion Government on the subject of
the title to tho railway lands upon the
Mainland and the method of dealing
with them was not brought bofore tho
Courts during the last year. Negotiations looking towards an amicable settlement are pending, the successful result
of which would obvlato the necessity of
a reference to a Judicial tribunal ; and 1
hope to be able to make an announcement upon this subject during the Session.
Investigation into the census returns,
made for the purpose of securing data
for the Redistribution Bill to be submitted to you, has disclosed the fact that
several tribes of Indians were, uuvisited
by the census enumerators, nnd that no
allowance for thoir numbers has been
made iu arriving at tlie total population
of the Province, as shown by the census.
I have caused representations upon the
subject to bo made to the Dominion
You will he asked to consider amendments to tho Drainage, Dyking, and
Irrigation Act, so as to facilitate sult-
ablo guarantees being given by the
Government under proper conditions,
and also an Act providing that the
measurement of timber shall be conducted by officers appointed by the Government.
A Bill consolidating the Law of Evidence, a Partnership Act, a Bill to
amend the Act dealing with the Labour
Bureau, and a Bill imposing Succession
Duties, will be among the measures submitted to you.
I now leave you to your deliberations,
trusting that Providence will so order
your labours that thoy may prove permanently beneficial to all classes of our
The Council met on Monday, the 15th
Inst. Present���Reeve R. B. Kelly and
Councillors Fox, Morrison, Austin and
After taking the declaration of office,
the abovo councillors took thoir places
and the business of tho uow Council
Tho mlnutos of previous meeting wero
adoptod as read.
Tho following committees woro then
Finance Committee���Councillors Morrison, Koary and Fox. Hoard of Works
Committee ��� Atkins, Morrison, Fox,
Keary and Austin; two to form a quorum.
Licensing Committee���Councillors Keary
and Morrison. Health Commltteo���Councillors Fox, Austin, Morrison and tho
Roove, R. B. Kelly.
Communications woro read from Chas.
Warrick, Govt. Agent, re a polling booth
at Westminster Junction. Received and
From R. P. Irvine, making application
for tho offices of clerk, assessor and collector for Coquitlam District. Received
and laid on tlie tablo.
The Clerk's bill for $22.75 was ordered
paid. The other bills to remain over till
next meeting.
The Council then went Into committee
to discuss the salaries for the offices of
clork, assessor and collector and the appointment of Pathmastess.
The committee rose and reported
salary for Clerk, $150; Assessor, $100;
Collector, 3 per cent, on all moneys collected.
Ward 1���D. McLellan.
Ward 2���Jesse Flint.
Ward 3���Donald Austin.
Ward 4���L. R. Scott.
Ward 5���Geo. Aldorson.
Each Pathmaster to give a bond of $25.
On a ballot being taken for the path-
masters the report of the committee was
unanimously sustained.
Tho Clerk was directed to notify each
pathmaster of his election.
A ballot was thon taken for the offices
of clerk, assessor and collector, which
was unanimous for R. P. Irvine in each
case. The bond for the above offices to
be $2,000, signed by two responsible
A Temporary Loan Bye-Law for $3,500
to enable tho Council to pay oil all present claims was put through all stages
but finally considering.
Tho Cierk was directed to ask tbe
solicitor to prepare a Tax-Sale By-Law.
On motion. D. McLellan was allowed
threo days' statute labor for removing
trees from the road side by his property.
Council adjourned to meet again on
Saturday, the 26th Inst.
Ladners, 15th Jan., '94.
Council met. Present���The Reeve and
Councillors Guichon, Arthur, McLosky,
Goudy and McKee.
The report of the returning officer re
election was received and filed.
The minutes of last meeting were
adopted as read.
Mr. C. F. Green was appointed Clerk
and Collector for 1894.
A committee of the whole was appointed to go and inspect the dyking
contracts of Messrs. Smith & Borden on
Boundary Hay; also to Inspect a fencoon
Crescent Island, for which Mr. R.Watson
wants compensation.
Mr. G. Lassiter's communication ro
appointment as assessor was laid over.
The petition of J. R. C. Deane and
others re road was referred to the councillor for Ward 5.
Tho Reeve and Councillor McKee were
empowered to settle the arbitration case
of J. Oliver vs. Corporation of Delta if
Mr. J. Robertson's bill for fixing dyke
on Trunk road was referred to ex-Councillor Patterson, and If found correct to
be paid.
Coun. McKee gavo notice that he will
Introduce several By-Laws at next meeting of Council.
Mr. Wm. Ashbury was appointed caretaker of the box iu the Big Slough at $8
a month during the pleasure of the
Mr. F. W. Harris was appointed auditor
for 1894.
Tho Clerk was instructed to notify the
managers of the Banks of British Columbia and Montreal that In future all
checks on behalf of the Municipality will
he signed by W. II. Ladner as Reeve and
C. F. Green as Clerk.
The Council then adjourned.
C. F. Green, W. II. Ladner,
Clerk Municipal Council. Reeve.
Manitoba's new newspaper, whose fortunes Mr. W. IS Luxton Is to direct, will
be known as tlie Nor' Wester. The company has been incorporated by letters
patent of the Dominion as the North
Western Publishing Co., with 11 capitals
stock of 83.6,000, and the following as
charter directors! Messrs. Alexander
Macdonald, R. P. Roblin, W. IS Luxton,
C. 11. Campbell, G. D. Wood, and M. H.
Miller, all of Winnipeg. The prospectus
explains that "the mission of tho Nor"-
Wester, besides being a purveyor of
news surpassed by no rival, will lie to
protect, advocate and promote tho best
Interests of the Canadian Northwest���of
every part and ot the whole. It will not
bo the organ of any political party or
business enterprise, but will be a journal
always free to espouse, criticize or condemn tho cause or contention of any
party or organization���political, commercial or otherwise���as fealty to tho
Northwest may, upon dispassionate
and Intelligent consideration, seem to
demand." "&EST   Cov>M
Job Printing.
This Department of the
Is one of the
In the Province.    The presses are good and the type modern,
with no end of variety.
Commercial   Printing
Is exactly in our line, and we can turn out
Bill Heads,
Letter Heads,
Note Heads,
Memo Heads,
And every thing in that line in a way that will give satisfaction
to our patrons.
Fly Sheets;
Fvery thing in short in the line of Job Printing     sawelcome
grist to our mill.
We Charge the Prices Current in the  City, and
Guarantee to give Satisfaction.
Job Printer.
Beside the sewing table, chained and bent,
Tliey stitch  for tho lady, tyrannous and
For here, weddlnpr frown, tat them a shroud.
They stitch and stitch, bat never metid ths
Torn in life's golden eartsias.   Glad Yomth
And left them alone wtth Time, and now it
With burdens they shonld sob and cry aloud.
Wondering, iha rich would look from their content. .
And so this glimmering life at last recedes
In unknown, endless depths beyond recall.
And what's the worth of all our ancient creeds
If here at the end of asres this Is all -
A fair face lloatloR through the merry ball,
A dead face plashing in the river reeds?
���0. E. Markham lu California Illustrated.
From constantly telling the story of
Uncle Peter and his wealth, good old
Captain Cogolin had oome to believe in
it himself. The truth really was that
the said Uncle Peter had been the despair of his family from his very childhood, and had finally embarked on an
American ship as a cabin boy, after
which nothing; more had been heard of
This was tho plain, unvarnished truth,
but Captain Cogolin was a native of
Marseilles and had an imaginative mind,
consequently this plain truth had to be
embellished. One day ho happened to
eume across a sailor who had just returned from the United States, and after
drinking a glass or two of spirits together the two mon became communicative. The captain happened to mention
the fact that he had an uncle living out
in America. He drew npon his imaginative mind and was able to describe the
said uncle.
The accommodating sailor remembered having met just such an individual, and, what was more, the supposed
Uncle Peter had even confided a box of
presents to the care of the sailor for distribution among his relations on the
other side of the water. Unfortunately
on the way home there had been a terrible storm, and the box had been
dropped overboard, but still tho fact remained that Uncle Peter hud made a
ISrtune out in the new country and had
sent word to his friends that he should
not forget them.
Two or three years went by, snd at
the end of that time Uncle Peter owned
plantations, slaves, gold mines, petroleum mines, and everything, in fact,
that an American uncle is expected to
The Cogolin family became the envy
of the little village where they lived, and
in the evenings, when the women gathered together round the doorstopsMf the
steep, narrow Btreets for their daily
gossip, the name of tho famous Uncle
1'eter was frequently heard.
The Cogolins themselves waited patiently.
"Poor fellow," the captain wonld say;
"let him live as long as God wills. We
are in no hurry."
* * ��� ��� ���        ���
One day a letter arrived for Captain
Cogolin. It was from New York, and
the envelope had the embassy stamp. It
was a heavy letter and might have contained any number of bank notes.
There was. however, nothing more in j
it. and nothing less than the certificate
of death of Peter Cogolin.
"He is really dead, then!" said the
captain's wife.
"Of course he is, since the embassador
has taken the trouble to send us this."
Thero was a solemn silence, and then, [
although  no one but the captain had
ever set eyes on the American uncle, a j
few tears were shed in honor of bis mem-
The wife then spoke again. "All the
Fame, your embassador does not say a
word about his money!"
"You would perhaps have liked him
to have written about that first and then \
told us of his death in a second letter.
Ko, no, thoy don't do like thai in Ainer- i
ica.   They know what's what, and t.'iey
would not write to ns point blank about
money as though they thought wo were
biarvtng.   We have only to wait, and as I
soon as ho decently can the embassador
Will write to us about the money mat-
Unfortunately   the   embassador,   no
doubt through negligence, did not send
another letter, and in place of the peace- i
tul dreams with which they had deluded
themselves a  fever���the money fever��� \
seized the whole Cogolin family,   They
did  nothing  now but dream of  Uncle
Peter's millions, and on Sundays when i
tliey were all gathered together In their :
cabin it seemed as though the sun had
lost its brightness nnd as though even I
the garlic had no flavor.
One morning the captain announced
his intention of taking a trip.
"I can very well get off for a month or
so." he said. "The lads will manage the
bout during my absence, and I feel as
though 1 ean't rest without seeing for
myself what's going on in New York."
He had to embark from Havre, which
uiade liini furious, as he looked upon
money spent in railway traveling as
money stolen from liim.
The enormous ship, however, with all
ils sailors and passengers, the gilt of the
saloons und tho bright, marvelous ma-
chinery, threw him into an almost religious admiration.
From 8 o'clock in tho morning until
evening he never uttered a word, but
just wandered about from oneenilol'tlie
deck to tho other or gazed at tho foaming waves. ,
His speech only returned to him toward the end of tho journey, when he
began to speculate on what he should
Iii:.I awaiting liim in New York.
He began to be restless anil wanted to i
talk tn some ono about Ins errand.    The
steward was a compatriot, and therefore
inspired him with confidence, but  the !
steward was busy and referred  liim to
two  tall,  lanky,  sunburned men who j
were always strolling up aud down the j
deck  together,   and  who  looked   like
"Those gentlemen will tell  you  all
ujiop seJTpop eq ptre 'saduaoo puuoj
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spq m paotiamuioo pu�� maq; paqoBOid
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buoixub m.MB ;ou pip 'aoAOAVoq 'Xaqj,
eq; \\v. iitii.Ci; 'suinBO oq; jo uopiuoa
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Btreets, bnt the captain keeps up behind
The chase goes on until at last the
American is incapable of running another step, and he takes refuge in a restaurant. The captain follows him and
says, breathlessly:
"Excuse me, sir, bnt can you tell
The American turns pale, pushes a
chair to tbe captain, and says in excel;
lent French:
"Hush! let's havo no fuss snd no useless scandal. Sit down here a minute in
this corner."
"Good!" thought the captain, "he's a I
queer stick, but he's getting more reasonable."
The American continued:
"I know what you've come to New I
York for. Now, the question is, Can we
come to an understandiug?"
"Why, certainly wo can. Certainly
we can." exclaimed the captain, rubbing
his hands, "lt Beems to me straightforward people can always come to an understanding."
"Htiiig the straightforwardness, bnt I
l"t's come to business," said the Ameri-!
c���n desperately. "In this pocketbook I
there are ��2,000 in bank notes. If you'll j
sny the word, they are yours, and ��'1,000 I
more shall be brought to you tonight!
when the Brittany weighs anchor. Is it |
understood that you start with the Brit-1
"Why, certainly, certainly, on thoso |
terms," said the captain, who was niorej
and more bewildered at every word ut- j
tcred by the American.
He ti ied iii vain to understand it all,
hut it was and ever remained a hopeless mystery to him. He pocketed ilie
money and then found bis way to the
docks and made inquiries about tiie
lliotany. tie secured bin passage, und
sure enough the money promised him
wus brou.lit to the boat tiiat night, and
Captain C igolin was not sorry to set sail,
for ho had had enough of New York.
��� ��� * ��        ��� ���
And B0 the captain returned to tho
bosom of bis family, but to t iiis day it is
a mystery to him why he should have
received his Unclb 1 'elit's legacy iu so
extraordinary a manner, It certainly
was extraordinary on taking into consideration the fact that tho said uncle
had died insolvent in the hospital.���Million.
A "5Iournlng'' Dinner.
A somewhat eccentric dinner was onco
given in New York by a lady who was
wearing v ry deep mourning lor ber husband. The table was decorated in black,
purple .".ml white, the uapery of course
w is white, but embroidered with the
darkest purple pansies���with the monogram ill buieii. Silver vases, filled with
the samo dark flower, wero at the corners uf the table, and the ices and small
confectionery wero all in violet and
w.nto. To malco the whole thing consistent, the hostess requested all her
(rlt'lids to wear black, and a guest who
pi'-wi'ldl at the foot of the table���and
alterward, by tbe way, married the hostess -appeared withabroad band of crape
around ms left arm.���San Francisco Argonaut
"My lifo hangs on that scrap of paper!
If it cannot bo found, Edith, it is impossible to prove my innocence. The facts
are dead against me."
"Gilbert, I am so confident that yon
are innocent and all that you have said
is true that I will not rest until the paper is found."
He took her in his arms and fannsssssj
a passionate kiss on her brow.
Gilbert Stanton was under arrest on
suspicion of having caused the death of
Raymond Wild. The facts of the case
were, as he said, "dead against him."
Stanton lived in chambers in White's
inn and was reading for the bar. Wild,
who justified his name, was an old college acquaintance, who had attempted
several things in life and failed in all.
Gilbert had not seen him for several
years, when Wild suddenly turned up
at his chambers and announced that he
was "stone broke."
The man had no claim whatever on
Gilbert Stanton, who told him so and
also gavo him the benefit of somo candid
opinions aa to his past career. Raymond
Wild was hot blooded, and high wordB
resulted. The quarrel waa at its height
when Mrs. Morton, Gilbert's old laundress, who had been completing her
morning duties in another room, closed
the door of tliu chambers und passed out.
Shortly afterward the tempers of the
two men cooled. Wild apologized for
somo offensive remarks he had made, ond
they Bhook hands. Gilbert now promised to do his best to help his old acquaintance and invited Wild to remoiu
for an hour while he went out to keep
an appointment.
When Gilbert Stanton returned, he
mounted the stairs to the door of his
chambers, but did not immediately enter.
He stood for a few minutes on tho landing, considering what course he should
adopt with regard to the man inside.
Should he give him money? Or might
not that be doing such a person a positive injury?
As he leaned against the door smoking
a cigarette he was startled by a loud explosion inside. What could it be? He
hastily unlocked the door und went in.
The plaee was full of gunpowder smoke,
and ho rushed into the sitting room. It
was empty. There wasadoor communicating w,ith his bedroom, and beopuuedit,
A horrible sight was before him
Stretched upon the floor was kayinoritl
Wild���dead! Stantonunmsdiure.ytmnd
that a bullet had passed through the
man's brain, and that his own r-vmyer;
which l.e always kept loaded in t nu ivom,
was lying on the floor beside the oody.
Tho evidence at tlie inquest wm simply
this: The police, whon called in, had
found the dea.l body of a man, identified
as Raymond Wild, with a bullet wound
in bis head. A revolver was also dis
covered, w-hieh Gilbert Stanton had ad
mitted was his, and the contents of one
chamber had been discharged. Mr
Stanton had said: "The man committed
suicide. I was not inside the chambers
at the time."
William Carey, a solicitor's clerk, deposed that he was looking out of the
office window on the ground floor, when
he saw Mr. Gilbert Stanton enter tne
building and heard him run up the
stairs. About fivo minutes afterward���
certainly when ample time had elapsed
for Mr. Stanton to enter bis chambers-
he heard the explosion.
The result was that Gilbert was arrested, brought up beforo the magistrate
and committed for trial.
His defense A-as tbat Wild had found
the revolver during liis absence; that he
was standing outside the door of hie
ohjmoers. as wo have described, when
JBe shot was fired; that although they
had quarreled they were on pacific term-
when he went, out, and that tlie deceased
had left a written confession of his own
guilt and Gilbert's innocence.
But whore was this written confession? Gilbert Stanton declared that he
found it On the be Iroow mantelpiece,
but during tho excitement of the horn
had mysteriously lost or mislaid it. He
had searched everywhere for it, but without avail.
Ho distinctly remembered that, aftei
examining the body and finding it woe
lifeless, he went into his sbting room
with tho confession in bis luuin to consider whut be should do. Ec pi.iceJ the
paper on a small labiu in front uf him,
and glancing out of the window saw a
policeman in the quadrangle! lie at
once decided to call tho constable and
ran down stairs to do so, leaving his duo:
On his return the paper had disappear^, and ho had never seen it afterward. The most diligent search hud
failed to discover it.
"Now, Mrs. Murton," Baid Edith as
they stood ulone iu the chambers, "this
is a matter of life and death. That piece
of paper must be found."
"Yes, miss," wus tho laundress' com-
inonpbico reply,
"First of all, you must please answer
vory carefully somo questions 1 b1ui.11 put
to you. Hid you on that day destroy
any paper?"
"No, miss."
"Havo you destroyed or removed any
"Not a scrap, miss. You seo there
ain't no fires this time o' the yoar, and
the little cooking I does is all done on
the gas stove."
"What do you do with your waste
paper and rubbish?"
"What littlo there is I takes down ina
pail once a week, or more often if I finds
it necessary."
"And bus the pail beon down since
that day?"
"No, miss."
"Then tho paper must be here some-
Where, unless it was deliberately stolen,
which I cannot believe.    We will begin ;
our search, und take the sitting room
Everything was being turned upside
down and inside out, when Edith and-
donly stopped.
"Do you remember whether tho win-
uuws were open on that day?" she asked.
"Yes, miss; Mr. Stanton always used
to 'avo 'is winders open."
"Well, just open them as they would
be If he were here."
The woman did as she was bid. Edith
then placed a piece of paper on the table
where Gilbert said he had, laid the confession, the door leading into tbe bedroom ind the entrance door having first
been opened. There was a considerable
draft, and the paper trembled on the table.
"Perhaps there waa more air on that
day," said Edith "I will substitute a
lighter piece of paper."
This she did and almost immediately
it was caught by a current, and it floated
across the room. As it fell on the floor
they were both startled to see a little
kitten spring from the open doorway
and pounce upon the paper, rolling over
and over with it in her teeth.
"That explains it all!" exclaimed Edith,
catchiug up the little animal in her
arms. "Oh, Kittyl Oh, Kitty? How
little you know the terrible mischief you
have douel"
Her eyes were full of tears, and she
was pale and trembling with apprehension. The kitten must have carried off
the confession in thia way to play with,
and its recovery wus hopeless.
"Lor, miss," suddenly broke in Mrs.
Morton, "now I rememberl When the
gent shot 'isself, I was working in the
'ouse opposite, and came back to see
what was tho matter. That little kitten
belongs to tho party in the next set, aud
when 1 come up to tho landing she was
a-playing iuet liko that with a bit o' paper, which sho runs away with and leaves
on the stairs."
"Yes," said Edith, in breathless eagerness.
"Well, paper about the stairs looks so
untidy, miss, so I picked it up and"	
"What did you do with iff"
"I threw it in the pail with the other
For the second time the contents of the
pail were emptied by the laundress and
carefully examined. It was absolutely
certain that the paper was not there.
"Are you positive that you put the paper in the pail?" asked Edith.
"I'd take my 'davy on it, miss. And
it was just such a scrap of writing as
you say."
Edith sent the laundress home, shut
herself in the solitary chambers and began tho hunt afresh.
It was late in tho evening when she
ceased her fruitless search.
Next morning she returned to her
hopeless task. Mrs. Morton she had relieved from further attendance, and was
walking up and down tho chambers in
thought when there came a knock at the
door.   It was the laundress herself.
"I know where that bit o' paper is,
miss! I remembers that, when thu police
was hero that inorniny[, I steps into the
hedroom to hear what they has to ^ay.
Ono of 'em says to me, impudentlike.
'Well, what do you want, old lauy?' and
i I siiva I  wanted ^the bedroom candle-
j   b.lC.v."
I    "Yes," interrupted Edith, "but where
is tho paper?"
"I'm just coming to that, miss. I stays
a bit in tbe kitchen���just to see if I might
be any use, you understands���and while
I was waiting, I puts a new candle in
the candlestick. Them 'nines' U rather
small for tho candlestick, bo I takes a bit
o' .paper out o' the pail to make it fit.
Come into the bedroom, miss���why, it't
"Good heavens!" cried Edith.    "Do
J you mean to say that the paper round
thst candle was the missing document:'
"That's my belief, miss. Where is it
"1 was here late last night, and 1
burned the candle very low���and the
paper took fire!"
"And you burned it, miss!"
"Only slightly, I remember. I blew
It out, threw the paper away, and put in
'. a new candle that I removed from the
piano. What did I do with tho paper!
Oh, I remember, I threw it nude! the
grate. You'll find it there. Thank
heaven, we have found it at lastl Gilbert is saved!"
"There is nothing here, miss," said the
woman on her knees. "The grate is
quite empty I"
It was true, and the shock was a terrible ono to Edith. She fainted in the
old laundress' arms. Mrs. Morton, however, soon restored her to consciousness.
"You can take iny word for it," she
said, "that paper's bewitched."
"I don't care whether it Is bewitched
or not," said Edith. "1 mean to lind it.
Fetch me thai magnifying gloss from
the table in the next room."
Edith removed the fender and carefully examined tho dust that Mrs. Morton's not overscrupulous cleanliness had
allowed to accumulate.
"1 thought as much," she said. "Micol
Thoy havo been attracted by the candle
grease and have dragged tho paper to
their hole. Every moment now is valuable, or it will he all destroyed."
They searched round about everywhere
but no n i onus hole could be found, Hiitii
then directed the woman to mix a quantity of whiting which she placed in tt large
flat dish on tho flour in the mMulii i.f the
room, in modish was laid a small saucer,
and in that a piece of toasted clieesu. They
then left the chamber for several hours,
When they returned, there waB a track
of little wiiite foe!prints across the
room that led to a littlo hole above the
nnrruw skirting board, hidden by a loose
. piece of the wall paper. A man was
called in, and after breaking down some
of tho plaster and taking up u corner of
tho flooring tho coveted sorap of paper
; was at last secured.
The confession wns of course in part
destroyed and required very delicate
handling, but when tho precious relic
had been carefully mounted on another
piece of paper it was found to read aa
follows, tho words in brackets being
supplied by supposition:
fl nml sick of my Wo and [resotvadl to imtan
end tto It]. In case susplidon falls on Ui]lbert
Stanton, [ho Is] Innoouut. I die tby my] own
"and. Ravmonu Wn.tul.
Gilbert and Edith aro now married,
and Stanton insists that he owes his life
to tho persistent and intelligent manner
in which Ins wife followed up that vital
and mysterious clew.���London Tit-Bits. IV1
The Failure List.
From tho Monetary Times.
A declinr iiiboththetiumberof failures
in Canada of trading firms or companies
and the aggregate of their liabilities ia
shown by the report of Messrs. R. G.
Dun & Co. for 18(13. This state of things
is in marked contrast with the same
firm's report as to the United States in
this particular, for there the year has
been the worst since I860. According
to the now method of tabulation adopted
by Dii.i & Co., the number of Canadian
failures among tho manufactring concerns last year was 388, with liabilities
of 86,686,191; while the number of fulled
traders or trading companies was 432,
with liabilities of $3,350,452; to this add
17 "other failures" of traders, owing
$1,156,601, aud we havo an aggregate of
1,278 failures, with liabilities amounting
to $12,456,326. This is a more favorable
showing than that of 1802, whicli was, in
turn, the best since 1886 in respect of
number and amount of failures. We
give a comparison of Canadian failures
for twelve years back :
No. Amount of
Year. failures. liabilities.
1882 -       -       -       788 S 8,587,000
1883 -   -   - 1,370     15,872,000
1884 -   -   - 1,308     18,930,000
1885 -   -   - l,a47      8,743,000
1880 -       -        -    1,233 10,171,000
1887 - - - 1,366 16,070,000
1888 - - - 1,667 13,974,000
1889 - - - 1,747 14,528,000
1890 - - - 1,828 17,858,000
1891 - - - 1,861 16,724,000
1892 - - - 1,680 13,703,000
1893 - - - 1,278 12.456,000
It has becomo common in  the United
States to spoak of 1893 as the "Panic
year." And, indeed, it would seem to be
a not inapt name, in view ot the extraordinary number of mercantile failures
brought, about during that memorablo
twelvemonth. Both mercantile agencies
declare tho number of failures unprecedented. Bradstreet's makes the following
Por cent
No. Total      assets to
failures,   liabilities, liabilities.
1893 - - 15,560 8402,400,000 65
1892 - - 10,270 108,500,000 50
1891 - - 12,394 193,100,000 53
1890- - 10,673 75,0000,000 53
1889- - 11,719 140,700,000 50
1888 - - 10,587 120,200,000 52
1887- - 9,740 130,600,000 50
1886- - 10,568 113,600,000 49
1885 - - 11,116 119,100,000 46
1884 - - 11,620 248,700,000 54
1883 - - 10,299 175,900,000 52
1882- - 7,635 93,200,000 51
1881 - - 5,929 76,000,000 47
It appears that both agencies havo
made changes in their methods of reporting. R. G. Dun & Co. aim to show
in their 1893 and future circulars what
portion of them wero of manufacturing
firms or companies, what portion were
of trading firms or companies exclusive
of brokers or speculators, and reporting
separately the failure of brokers, speculators, transportation companies, banks,
financial Institutions and railway companies gone into the receiver's bands.
Dun's Review gives an aggregate of no
less than 16.650 failures during the year,
which it makes up in the following way,
with their approximate liabilities:
No. Amount
Failures.   I,nihilities.
Manufacturing       -   3,220   $104,707,449
Trading -       -       - 10,638       85,527,896
Other       -       -       -       302       32,662,735
To Impeach Cleveland,
Washington, Jan. 9.���Representative
Bowers, of California, one of the Republicans who overheard the Republican
leaders discussing an impeachment plan,
says that If impeachment proceedings
are inaugurated it will be only after the
latest Hawaiian news is officially confirmed. Mr. Bowers, with many other
Republicans, believes that the President
bas laid himself open to impeachment
proceedings. He wrote the following
"If it is true that a United States
minister, acting under instructions of the
President, has demanded of tho existing
republic that it surrendor and abdicate
in favor of the Queen, it Is a declaration
of war by the President on a friendly
power; nothing more, nothing less. He
has no power to do that. If liis representative lias of his own motion made
this demand he should bo recalled and
punished. The United States would at
once mako ample apology and restitution
for tlie inexcusable wrung done, and for
the shameful treachery attempted. It
is idle to talk of a simple request in this
matter. A request by the President or
bis Minister is equal to a demand. It
can be nothing else. It is exactly the
same as if the United States Minister to
England had officially, in the name of
the United States, requested Queen Victoria and her Government to step down
and out, and to give placo to some other
government that the United States desired England to have. Think of it for
a moment���
"An accredited minister of this government approaching the chief executive of
another republic and saying: 'PloasoMr.
President, IJam requested by my President to ask yuu and ynur govornmont to
go away. lie wants another kind of
government hero. He is sick of republics
and wants a monarchy, and will ask his
Queen not to hurt you and your associates
for establishing and maintaining a republican government so long.' Vet this
Is the only defence made of our President.
Any man who would put this great nation
in such a ridiculous situation ought to be
impeached for imbecility, but the President has contemptuously refused to
execute the laws, holding himself sole
judge of the law. He refused to execute
the law requiring tho purchase of silver,
the law relating to the exclusion of the
Chinese���not only refused, but directed
his subordinates not to execute them,
and, so far as he has had the power,
sought to Involve this nation in war. If
tho American.people had any self-respect
left, articles of impeachment will be presented immediately, and if there is any
American sentiment left in the Democratic party, any care lor tho honor and
good name of the United States, any interest in the perpetuity of the Democratic party, it will take prompt action
in investigating this vory serious question."
14,211 8286,898,080
To this list of 14,211 are added 642
bank failures and seventy-five railroad
receiverships, which makes 13.928; and
there are some 1,700 failures of which
the liabilities are not known or estimated,
and lienco these are left out of the tabulated list. They agree that "the commercial failures of the year 1893 havo
far surpassed those of any previous year,
both in number and magnitude," and
they make the aggregate amount of
strictly commercial liabilities of failed
traders $331,442,000, and of bank and
financial failures $210,957,000; the aggregate being thus $542,379,000. The liabilities of railroads placed In the hands
of receivers aro about $1,212,217,000.
Father Corrlgan.
Jersey City. Jan. 10.���Rev. Patrick
Corrlgan, of Hoboken, died last evening,
aged 58. Iu tbe events which have kept
the Catholic church of tho United States
in turmoil for the past few years Father
Corrlgan took a prominent part. He was
a vigorous supporter of Archbishop Ireland and the liberal and progressive ole-
ment, and was as widoly known as any
Catholic priest in tho country. He was
a brother of Archbishop Corrlgan, of
New York, but, unlike him, ho was a
zealous friend of American free schools.
Father Corrlgan was, until Satolli came,
involved in trouble with Bishop Wigger,
of New Jorsey, over the school matter.
The decision of the Popo In favor of tho
public schools, of course, gavo Father
Corrlgan tho victory.
Fruit Growers' Conference.
The annual meeting of tho Horticultural Society and Fruit Growers'Association will bo hold at tho City Hall, Now
���Westminster on Wednesday, 24ili inst.,
at 2 o'clock p.m. It is hoped to carry
out the following programme, viz.:
President's address, John Kirkland,
Ladners; reading of secretary's report
and afterwards of the following papers,
viz.: Varieties of Fruit for House Use
and Shlpmont, G. W. Honry, Ilatzic; W.
J. Harris, Hammond; Varieties of Fruit
best suited for Canning and Preserving,
Walter Taylor, Vancouver; Tho Prune,
B. Hutcherson, Ladners; Why.T.WIlson,
Harrison River; Flowers, A. C. Wilson,
Westminster; Markets, W. H. Lewis,
Burnahy; Planting and Pruning, John
King, Westminster; Experimental Work,
T A.' Sharpo, Agassiz; Applos,' T. O.
Earlo,   Lytton;   Dairying,   Mr.   Wells,
Chilliwack;  Hop Growing, ���;
Transportation, A. Postill, Vernon; Pollination of tho Bartlett Pear, R. M.
Palmer Ha/.olmero; Ornamental Trees
and Shrubs, P. Latham, Westminster.
nMembers and others having been
troubled with pests aro requested to report tho same to this meeting. Papers
from parties whoso names do not appear
on the programmo will be welcome.
Members and others having choico
samples of fruit, or any unnamed or misnamed varieties, are requested to exhibit
same for examination or naming at the
mooting. The best possiblo efforts will
bo mado to answer, or obtain answers to
questions on fruit growing, asked by
members and others. An earnest Invitation is given to all parties Interested
in the objects of the Association to bo
nresent and join In the discussions which
are "sought to be made a most vuluablo
part of our work.
New York, Jan. 8.���The Mail and Express Washington City special says:
A member of the Foreign Affairs committee of the Houso said this afteonoon:
"I have In my pocket now a dispatch
from a man who saw Captain Munger of
the Corwin, and he says Mungor, after
reading the Auckland dispatches, said:
'These are correct. Willis did demand
tho surronder, but what followed I will
not sav.' This Information has causod
all sorts of rumors. Thero is a woll do-
fined movement on foot looking to the
Impeachment of President Cleveland if
these stories are correct, and it is not
confined to tho Republicans."
The same member of the Foreign
Affairs committee says: "Tho action all
depends upon ono word. If Willis used
tho word 'surrender' to the Provisional
Government it is an act of war, and he is a
soldier in making it. His instructions
distinctly said the words he should use
to the Provisional Government should bo
'that you relinquish your power to tho
Queen.' If, however, he has demanded
a surrender, this, with the naval force
In front of Honolulu, and containing
a company of armed men ready to shell
tho city at a signal when demand for
surrender has been deniod, Willis has
used all the force and menace necessary,
and the man behind him for whom he
has acted will be held responsible. I
know the President Is terribly worried
and perplexed over the outcomo and
knows the danger be Is In, and he is
waiting the text of Willis' demand,which
comes by mail, with the utmost anxiety
and dread. He has spent tho time since
the rccolpt of the dispatches blaming
Gresham and Willis, but this does no
Vaillant's Trial.
Paris, Jan. 11.���The trial of Vaillant,
the Anarchist who threw the bomb In
the Chamber of Deputies, was oponed
yesterday, and as already announced he
was found guilty and sentenced to death.
Polico closely guarded tho Palais de
Justico, where the trial was In progress.
Every door was guardod by sentinels with
fixed bayonets. Tho prisoner was the
object of intense interest. He was
evidently entirely self-possessed, and
gazed about unconcernedly. Ho gavo
his age as 32 and answered questions
calmly and readily. Judgo Cassee, who
proslded, reviewed the history of Vaillant's crimo. Ho said the peoplo who
had been hurt most wero not mombers
of the Chamber of Deputies, but spectators of tho proceedings.
"That Is not my fault," rotortod Vaillant. "The deuutles aro in tho highest
degree responsible for tho social misory
prevailing. It was them I meant should
feel their responsibility."
Tho prisoner denied attempt to escape
from the chambers, and declared emphatically that ho did not wish to flee.
Vaillant emphatically denied tho statement that ho had taken the wife aud
property of Marchand. Whon asked
how ho became possessed of tho monoy
found on bim, ho replied that a burglar
gave him a hundred francs. In telling
of tho past Vaillant admitted that ho
had boon condemned fivo times for petty
thefts, but added tbat tho thefts wero
necessary on account of tho present
social condition of tho poor. Ho said he
placod nails In the bomb to wound, not
to kill.
Spiritualist Medium Dead.
Tom's River, N.Y., Jon. 10.���William
Brotherton died here yesterday, aged 82.
He claimed to bo a spiritualist medium,
and assortod that ho was guided In ovory
event of his life by his spirit friends, and
although a man possessed of grout wealth
ho lived all alone iu a largo houso, refusing the servico of either servant,
nurso and physician, when dying of
dropsy and old age. Ills noarost relative
Is his nelce, wife, of Dr. Joseph Buchanan,
pastor of tho Baptist church at Pemberton, N.J., who will probably inherit his
Eh>m> Ii an Antncrat or tbe Beat
PogHible Type.
King Khamn iB a model savage, if a
black man who has been thoroughly
civilized by European und missionary
influences can still be culled one. He
is an autocrat of the best possible type,
whose Influence in his country is entirely thrown into the acale of virtue
for the suppression of vice. Such a
thing aB theft is unknown in his realm.
He will not allow his subjects to make
or drink beer. He has put a stop alsu
to the existence of witch doctors and
their wiles throughout all the Baiuang-
He conducts in person services every
Sunday in his large, round kotla, or
place of assembly, standing beneath tho
tree of justice and tho wide canopy of
heaven in a truly patriarchal style. He
is keen in the suppression of all superstitions and eats publicly tho flesh of
tbe duyker, a sort of roebuck, which
was formerly tho totem of the tribe and
held as sacred among them 20 years
ago. The late King Sikkome, Khnma's
father, would not so much as step on
a duyker skin, and it is still looked upon with more veneration by bis subjects than Khamn wonld wish.
As an instance of Khama's power and
judgment, it is sufficient for us to quote
ihe sudden change of bis capital from
slioshong to thu present site, Palapwe.
Shoshong was in a strung position,
where tbo Uamnngwato conld effectually protect themselves from the Matabeles' raids under Lobengula, but it was
badly supplied with water, and in dry
seasons tlie Inhabitants suffered greatly
I rum drought. The change of capital
had been a subject discussed for yeurs,
but Khama waited quietly until people
began to think that he was against it
and would never move. He waited, in
fact, until he was sure of BritiBh protection, until he knew that Lobengula
could not attack bis people at Palapwe
without embroiling himself in a war
with Eugland.
Then suddenly one day, without any
prefatory warning. King Khama gave
orders for the move, and the exodus
began on the next day, and in two
months' time 15,000 individuals were
located in their new capital, 60 miles
away from Shoshong. Under Khama's
direction, everything was conducted in
the best possible order. To every man
was given his nllotted ground, and he
was told to build his huts thereon. Not
a single dispute arose, and uo one would
imagine today that only a few years
ago Palapwe was uninhabited.
Khama, in manner and appearance,
is thoroughly a gentleman, dignified
and courteous. He wears well mado
European clothes, a billycock hat and
gloves; in his hond he brandishes n
dainty cane, and he pervades everything in his country, riding about
from point to point wherever hiB presence is required, and if he is just a little too much of a dandy it is an error
in his peculiar case in tho right direction.���Contemporary Review.
Teapot Collectors.
Tea was not known in England till
the time of Charles II, but it is interesting to trace the gradual increase in
the Bize of teapots, from the diminutive
productions of the Elers, in the time
of Queen Anne and George I, when tea
was sold in apothecaries' shops, to the
capuciouB vessel which supplied Dr.
Johnson with "the cup thst cheers but
not inebriates." Mr. Croker, in his edition of'Boswell's Life," mentions a
teapot that belonged to Dr. Johnson,
which held two quarts, but this sinks
into insignificance compared with the
superior magnitude of that in the possession of Mrs. Marrayat of Wimbledon,
who purchased it at the sale of Mrs.
Piozzi's effects at Streatham. This teapot, which was the one originally used
by Dr. Johnson, holds more than three
quarts. George IV had a large assemblage of teapots, piled in pyramids in
the pavilion at Brighton. Mrs. Elizabeth Carter was also a collector of teapots. Also Mrs. Hawes, who bequeathed
800 specimens to her daughter, Mrs.
Donkin. Among them are several belonging to Queen Charlotte. ��� Salas
White Blood Abnorbing the Hawaiian.
The marriage of young American men
to half whites is becoming quite frequent among respectable white families
in Hawaii. It is of no use for the foreign parents to turn the cold shoulder.
Ofttiines the half white girls are fully
equal in intelligence, taste and domestic virtues to those who marry them.
There will be more of these marriages,
and the mixed blood will improve with
growing prosperity nnd better education, and as the primitive influences und
environments decrease with the lapse of
generations. Indeed one way that the
Hawaiian population is now decreasing is not so much by the disappearance
as by the dilution or by whitening of
the blood.���New York Evening Post
The Obliging- Juryman.
Some jurymen have too low an opinion of what some philosophers call their
ego and are willing to depute their duties to an alter ego. Whon Mr. Justice
Gould had been about two hours trying
a caso at York, he noticed there wero
but 11 jurymen in the box. "Please,
my lord," replied tho foreman in answer to the judge's natural inquiry,
"tho other has gone away about some
business he had to do, but he has left
his verdict with me. ^���London Wus.
trated News,
Corner of Columbia & MeKenzie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -    6,000,000
A Savings Bank
Has  been opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and one-half per cent.
Cooksvllle.Jan. 11.���Tho verdict of tho
coroner's jury in tho Williams murder
caso was rondored last evening as follows: "That James and Eliza Williams
wero foully murdered and that William
MacWhirrall and John Walker are
guilty of tho murder, and Geo. Butcher
is an accessory aftor tho fact." Cory,
tho hired man, was honorably discharged.   The fury sat for nearly two hours.
Wire: and : Oitetalt.
Telephone 1?0. Corner of
P.O. Box 58. Agnes .1   MeKenzie Sts.
& HOY'S,
Dupont Block,  Columbia St. .
c. Mcdonough
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock op
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,     Crockery,
Lamps and Glassware.
Premier Tulllon, of Qeuobec, statos
that there Is on foundation for tho rumor
that ho Intends to resign tho proinlorshlp.
Tho abovo steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langloy, taking Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at Hombrough's brick yard,
Port Kells and all othor intermediate
points. Parties anxious to reach Cloverdale and othor points In Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often find this boat
Leaves Westminster every day at 3 p. m.
except Saturday, when she leaves at
3 p. in.
Loaves Langley overy day at 0 a. m. except Fridays, when she loaves at 8
a. in. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits.   Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also Grain, Seed*)
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produce bought at markot rates or sold on commission.  Orders from th��
Interior promptly attended to.
Orders   by  Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
Is published every Saturday, by
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Bank of Montreal.)
Subscription. $1.00 ver annum, in advance
Transient  Advehtisments���Ten oo.
line, for eaoh insertion.    All tri	
advertisements to be measured as solid
nonpariel���12 lines to the Inch.
aoMMEiiciAL ADVERTiSEMENTS-ln displayed
type: Special rates, made known on application.
Professional and Business CURDS-Notto
occupy a space of more than one inch, and
sot solid in uniform style.il IB per month,
or by yearly contract. $12.00.
BMAI.Ii Advertisements of Wants, Lost
Pound, otc. of not more than one inch
space, fl.00 for three insertions.
Reading Noticeb���20cents per line.each insertion, unless otherwise contracted tor
Births, Markiaoes and Deaths���50 cents.
New Westminster, B. O.
Business Manager.
and Mr. Beaven, tho mayor of last year,
aud the leader of the Island Opposition,
whose candidature was strongly supported by the Times, the chief Journal of
the Opposition on the Island. It must
further be remembered that Mr. Beaven
holds his seat in tho House as representative for Victoria City. Tho result of
tho municipal election was tbat Mr.
nts per ! Beaven was overwhelmingly   defeated.
��Uc  Uactftc   ffiana&tcm.
In last week's Issue we offered a few
very brief comments on tho results of
tho municipal elections. Reference was
made to the overwhelming defeat of the
leader of the Island Opposition in his
contest for the Victoria mayoralty, as
"significant," otherwise there was not
the slightest implication of any connection between municipal and Provincial
politics. The Columbian of Saturday,
howevor, presents a view of the matter
so wretchedly one-sided that it would be
almost a moral wrong to let it go unre-
proved. Our cotemporary claims that
only in two municipalities were the elections conducted on political lines. One
was the Municipality of Richmond where
a whole Council, presumed to be in
sympathy with the Mainland Opposition,
���was elected by acclamation, and the
other was the Municipality of Surrey,
where a Reove of the same party was
elected by a majority of 11 votes. In
the other municipalities, where Councils
were elected unfriendly to the Mainland
Opposition, the Columbian claims the
issues were purely municipal and entirely free of Provincial politics. We
propose to here present this matter to
our readers;as squarely as we know how.
In the Issue of the Canadian just previous to tho elections, it was expressly
stated in contradiction of a cowardly
(wo can explaiu that term) item in the
Columbian, that Provincial politics had
nothing to do with the Surrey elections,
the issue being purely municipal. At
nomination, Mr. Daniel Johnston, whom
our cotemporary says is a good man,
stood before tho electors and read the
item from the Columbian, and gave it a
distinct and express denial. That ought
to be enough, but a Mainland Opposition
sympathiser having won the reeveship,
our cotemporary weakly endeavors to
mako capital out of the fact. The
Canadian still denies that there was the
slightest attempt on the purt of Mr.
Johnston's friends to serve political ends
hy the Surroy election; but if the Columbian will have it otherwise, so be It, and
the result is this: That in a municipality
represented to he overwhelmingly opposed to the Government, the Opposition
candidate for reeve was able (by the
most disreputable methods, as explained
in another article in this issue) to secure a
majority of 11 votes, while all tho candidates for councillors put forward bv the
other party were elected without a miss.
If the Mainland Opposition can find consolation in these facts, no one need
In Richmond the old Council was practically elected by acclamation. The
members of It, judging from the claims
of the Columbian, are friendly to the Opposition, and wo have no othor information on that polut. But tho object of
re-electing them is given in a newspaper
published in the municipality, the Stev-
eston Enterprise, and is as follows : "To
" somo the rosult of the election may bo
" construed into an endorsation of tho
" actions of last year's council, but a
" closer investigation of tho offair will
" reveal the solution of tho matter. The
" duties of the Reeve and Councillors
" are onerous at the best, tbe bubble
" reputation is acquired at the expense
" of considerable personal inconvenience
" and, in many cases, loss of public
" esteem. In the present instance the
" task is more than ordinarily thankless.
" The cloud of debt at present hanging
" over tho municipality will requlro
" skilful engineering to satisfactorily
" disperse, and tbe Impression seemed to
" prevail that the most suitable persons
" for this work wero thoso who had
" borne tho odium of responsibility dur-
" Ing the past year." The Enterprise \s not
a Government papor, hence Its utterance
on this matter may be accepted as a
direct refutation of the Columbian's
So far in regard to tbe elections claimed
by the Columbian to bo contested on linos
of Provincial politics. Now let us touch
some of thoso said by the same authority
to have no connection with Govornment
affairs at Victoria. First wo will tako
Victoria city itself. Tho candidates for
mayor wero, Mr. Teaguo, whoso politics
wo do not know any moro than that he
was strongly Jsupported by the Colonist,
whicli is tho chlof  Government paper,
referred to by the Canadian as "significant," but really it is a. much clearer
mossage;���it is tho writing on tho wall
that says Mr. Beaven, if he wishes to sit
In tho next Assembly, must find some
other constituency.
Next take Chilliwack, long considered
the very stronghold of the Mainland
Opposition. The contest was between
Mr. S. A. Cawley, whom the Chilliwack
Progress, a paper rather In sympathy
with the Mainland Opposition party,
describes as "an irdent supporter of
tlie present Government." and Mr. A. S.
Vedder, who has always been esteemed
Mr. Kitchen's right-hand mail in Chilliwack- f ho result of the poll was that
tho "ardent admirer of the Government"
received 258 votes, and 72 votes were
polled for Mr. Vedder. Size it up, reader,
in your own mind.
Then take the city of Vancouver.
Thoro were three candidates. Mr. Anderson was supported by tho party who
have always supported the Provincial
Government. Mr. Collins was strongly,
and ably, too, backed by the News-Advertiser, whose editorial manager Is Mr. F.
C. Cotton, tho leader of the Mainland
Opposition party. Mr. Towler had no
party backing. Tho result was, Mr.
Anderson was elected by a majority of
81 over Mr. Collins, and Mr. Towler was
scarcely in the contest.
This is enough. People can draw their
own conclusions. But if tho Columbian
insists that Provincial politics were introduced in Surrey, behold, on the same
reasoning, the sweeping victory obtained
by the Government in the lato municipal
resist any reduction In representation,
then words have no meaning. Out of
his own mouth, Mr. Brown stands convicted of stultifying the professed policy
of his party, and of seeking to make
trouble for the Government In their
efforts to justly re-arrange the representation of tho Province. A redistribution
Bill will be on again very soon, and it
may be in tho power of the Opposition
members to seriously oppose or materially assist its passage.    Watch them.
In another column will be found the
"Speech from tho Throno" delivered at
the opening of the Provincial Legislature
on Thursday last. It will be noted witb
satisfaction that a measure of redistribution takes lirst place, as it certainly
should, considering the interest attached
to.it by all classes of the people. There is
not the slightest ground to question the
intention of tbe Government to bring in
a just bill, but from the tono of the Opposition Press, there does appear some
reason to fear that any bill introduced
by the Ministry on this subject will meet
with hostility, open or covert, from the
Oppositiou benches. In real truth, so
far as tbe Mainland Opposition Is concerned, the passage of a satisfactory redistribution measure will tako away their
ruison d'etre, and ambitious members with
large axes to grind may not take kindly
to tbe proposition. A few weeks will
tell. Another matter referred to in the
Speech, and of great consequenco to the
country districts, is in reference to proposed expenditure on the trunk roads.
This will give genoral satisfaction. Aid
to draining, dyking, and irrigation enterprises in the way of guarantee of loans,
is also suggested, and will no doubt meet
public approval. Othor needed legislation is touched upon, and on the whole
the forecast of measures to be introduced for the consideration of the
Assembly has an interest not usually
attaching to the formal utterance known
as tho Speech from the Throne.
weakness In his own home, and as it was
everything to him that he should appear
to be thought well of by his neighbors,
he resorted to tho old dodge of packing
the moating with ill-mannered and loudmouthed supporters, thereby to give an
appearance of strength that .did not
exist. It was not very creditable to Mr.
Kitchen nor to Chilliwack.
The Vancouvor News-Advertiser, which
is the chief organ of tbe Mainland Opposition party, in an editorial reference
K> tho Chilliwack moeting, lets the whole
Story   out   in   the   following sentence;
Messrs. Kitchen and Sword were, however, heartily recoived, and it was cloar
from the general tone of  tho meeting,
that it was rather theirs', than that of
its would-be capturer."
Mr. J. C. Brown, M.PP. for this city,
has a long letter in last Monday's Columbian discussing Provincial politics from
the point of view of the Mainland Opposition party.   The letter is a very good
one from that standpoint,  but contains
nothing of special Interest,    lt is simply
a ry-statement, in better shape, of arguments advanced by Messrs. Kitchen and
Sword In their tour of the District, and
soems indeed to have been put forth with
an   Idea   that  those    valiant    gentlemen    had   missed    their    mark,    and
that it would be desirable to present to
the peoplo a clearer explanation of the
matters discussed at the meetings.   Tbe
opening sentences of Mr. Brown's letter
to the effect that at Surrey Centre Mr.
Davie had expressed a wish to hear from
him through  the   public  press   is, of
course, a subterfuge.    What Mr.  Davie
did say on that occasion was that If Mr.
Brown, In bis Westminster speech, overlooked replying to the charge of bidding
for tho small constituencies of Alberni
and the Islands, he might easily, if be had
desired to deny it, have dono so through
the Columbian or other newspaper.    The
reference by Mr. Brown to these small
constituencies appears to  bo  the only
part of his letter that there is any need
of commenting upon  here.    What Mr.
Davie charged was that in the House
Mr. Cotton and Mr. Brown  bad spoken
in favor of continuing the representation
of Alberni and the Islands   as it was,
thereby hoping to embarrass tho Government in bringing down a just redistribution measure, for those small constituencies would not bo likely to consent to bo
abolished when  they  were encouraged
by the Opposition to insist on retaining
their representation.    Mr. Brown, in his
letter, denies this charge, but it must be
admitted that his explanation  is vory
weak.    He savs : "Both Mr. Cotton and
" myself did refer to theso constituencies
" in speaking on  redistribution,  and a
" careless reader of our remarks���or of
" tho  summarized    reports   printed ���
" might, at this dlstanco of time, bo led
" to believe that thero was somo truth
" in the Promior's statement."     A little
further on Mr. Brown says: "AndI also
" said, that such constituencies as thoso
" named���romoto, difficult of access, and
" sparsely settled���are entitled to special
" consideration   in   the   framing  of   a
" measuro for re-dlstrlbutlon."    When
lt is remembered that in the abovo Mr.
Brown Is roferrlng to tbe constituencies
of   Alberni   and   tho   Islands,   usually
called "pocket boroughs" by the Opposition, and that   tho member   for  Westminster is defending   himself,   and   of
course puts the best sldo forward, lt Is
protty safe to conclude that, as stated
by tho Premier, tho purport of tho on-
couragomont thus offered to those constituencies was to induce themtocontond
for a continuation of existing representation and oppose any proposition of the
Government looking to a moro equitable
arrangement,  for of  course tho small
constituencies must  suffer In   any just
scheme of redistribution.    Mr.  Brown
says further that ho statod at tho time
that  Alberni   and  tho  Islands   would
" prove a thorn In thoir  (tho Ministry)
" sides if thoy meant to carry out their
" promise of  fair  redistribution."    It
that was not edging on  tho representatives  of  tho  constituencies  named to
We have before us the Columbian of
Wednesday, containing a report of tho
political meeting hold at Chilliwack oa
Monday last. If any credit could be
attached to a political report appearing
in the columns of our cotemporary of
this city, ono would be disposed to conclude that Chilliwack is still loyal to representative Kitchen, notwithstanding a
good deal of evidonce pointing the other
way. Unhappily, tbo Opposition organ
in this city has permitted its fanactlsm
to mislead its rectitude, and to recover
lost public confidence will requlro a long
period of rigid adhoroncc to the truth,
an almost impossible lino of conduct, it
appears, to those who onco give thom-
selves over to misrepresentation. Tho
Columbian had a reporter at tho Chilliwack meeting, and so had the Vancover
World. The two reports present very
different views of the proceedings, and
oither one or tho other is certainly vory
highly colorod. It is needless to say that
a partisan report of a public meeting is
at this day resented by all intelligent
readers. Both reports agree in saying
that in their opening addressos Messrs.
Kitchen and Sword were coldly received,
and that ou rising to speak Premier
Davio was warmly applauded and appeared to have the good-will of the
meeting. It was during Mr. Kitchen's
reply tbat tho Columlnan claims there was
a complete change of opinion, resulting
In a grand endorsation of Mr. Kitchen
and the discomfiture of the Government
party. This is hardly to be credited.
Most people in the District are now more
or less acquainted with the arguments
and style of eloquonco of Mr. Kitchen,
and it Is not conceivable that his oratory
could have any effect on an intelligent
body of men already well acquainted
with his views. On tho public platform
Mr. Kitchen Is but as a child in the
hands of Mr. Davie. That has been
made quite clear on every occasion when
the two have met, and It Is not to bo be
lloved that in Chilliwack tho conditions
wore reversed.
Any one acquainted with the writings
of Mark Twain who glances through the
Columbian's report, will bo strongly reminded of the Amorican humorist's
account of his first lecture. To Insure
an appreciative audience, ho distributed
free tlckots to a scoro or moro of jolly
people, who woro to scatter among tho
audience and laugh vigorously at every
sign of a joke. On tbe same plan, ono is
forcod to conclude, Mr. Kitchen spiced
thu Chllllwack meeting, not with good-
humored laughers, but with rowdies.
The trick Is a very old one, and was
long ago discarded by all manly men.
Cowards who aro afraid of their audience
sometimes still resort to it. It will bo
observed that Mr. Kitchen und Sword
wore given a patient bearing, while Mr.
Davie was constantly interrupted by
obstreperous individuals in tho audience,
apparently In attendance lor the very
purpose of annoying tho Hon. Premier.
Thero was evon a tendency manifested
on the part of Mr. Kitchen's supporters
to break up tho meeting in disorder, a
fact that does not lead ono to suppose
thoy woro very well satisfied with the
way things wore proceeding. Tako It
all in all, an Investigation of tho report
published by our contemporary, forces
tho conclusion that Mr. Kitchen folt his
In this article we are dealing with the
men of Surrey, who havo knowledge of
the municipal election of Thursday, tho
11th. The writer has lived long enough
to know that tho defeated party at any
election can always find excuses of
"jobbery" or otherwiso to account for
the decision arrived at. In view of this,
the editor of tho Canadian was quite
willing to accopt tho defeat of its candidate for tho Reoveship of Surrey as tho
will of the people and say no moro about
It, but our cotemporary, tho Columbian,
will not have it so, and seeks to mako
political capital out of an ovent absolutely free of Provincial political connection,
oxcept in so far as the Columbian itself
forced that issue upon the electors. Mr.
Daniel Johnston, the candidate of the
Party of Progress, explicitoly denied
that his candidature had anything to do
with Provincial politics. He claimed to
seek only tho welfare of Surrey by such
means as offered. His opponent, Mr.
John Armstrong, was the first and tho
only man who over introduced politics
into the affairs of Surrey, by calling and
presiding at, as Reeve, a purely political
meeting held several months ago. As
far as this writer knows, the Columbian
is the first and only paper that has ever
raised the cry of party politics in Surrey
affairs. On that cry, and a combination
of '-er orvs, Mr. Johnston was defeated.
There is not a doubt in tho world that of
tho two mou who wero candidates for
the reeveship, Daniel Johnston stood
head and shouldors over his opponent.
He received a majority of votes in every
ward except tho far-away ono of Hall's
Prairie. There the peoplo wero angered
by a story that, If olected, Mr. Johnston's Council would pass a vote of confidence in tho Government, a suggestion
utterly baseless, and ono that Mr. Johnston himself would be the first and most
vigorous to resent. Other stories equally
baseless were urged upon them on tbo
eve of the election, when time did not
permit a contradiction. In short, Mr.
Armstrong's party played a "sneak," as
they say in whist, and it won Ward 5.
That Ward of Surrey is not friendly
to the present Govornment, and its people
were easily induced to credit false stories
circulated by the Weekly Columbian on the
day previous to the election, when there
was no opportunity of refuting them.
The Columbian is probably not to blame���
lt could hardly refuse publishing the
letter of a hypocrite on its own side.
So much for influences brought to bear
on the Surrey election, now as to matters
of fact. John Armstrong, Reeve of
Surrey, did not have the auditor's report for 1893 to read on the day of
nomination, which was the regular procedure from the organization of the
municipality until Surroy sought a reeve
in New Westminster. The auditor's report was not read till the elections were
over, which was a good thing for Mr.
Armstong. More will probably be heard
about this, and the Reeve and Council of
1893 may well feel norvous, for if ac-
countsaro not str aightened thoy will
from hear the people.
Next tako the election itself : The law
of tho municipality is tbat ratepayers
must pay tbo full amount of their taxes
on or beforo 31st Docember, In each
year, or lose their right to vote. In this
caso there were two taxes. One, the
regular municipal tax, was generally
paid. Tho other, a special dyking tax,
was in a sense sprung upon the people.
Many ratepayers received no notice of
this tax until after the now year. Others
within a day or two of the timo limit.
The 31st of December lu 1893 fell on
Sunday, and according to usage the time
for the reception of taxes carrying
electoral rights should extend till Monday following. But tax money offered
to the collector on Monday was refused
though in this matter no blame Is
attached to that official, whose books
had beon handed ovor by authority to
the clerk. Tho fact remains, However,
that thrree-lourths of tho ratepayers of
the municipality were disfranchised, a
decidedly new experience for Surrey.
Then again: A voters' list was printed
of all thoso entitled to vote. Some men
not on that list, who had paid their taxes
and produced receipts to tbe deputy returning officers, woro permitted to swear
in their votes, which wero put In the
ballot box and counted In tho regular
way. The votes of others, similarly
placed, and under like conditions, woro
not allowed to be placed in the ballot-
box, but wero put In envelopes to bo
counted or otherwiso as a judge might see
lit In caso of protest. It is claimed that
those ballots, in case of  protest, would
show that Daniel Johnston had a majority of the electorate.
Lastly: The Returning-officer for
Surroy was detained in town at the time
of the municipal election as witness in a
a civil suit, tho hon. Judge absolutely
refusing to let him attend to his elective
duties in Surrey. In consequenco he
notified his father to act in his stead.
No complaint is mado against Mr. Wade,
sr., in regard to taking votes, but it is
contended that as deputy, he had no
right to open the ballot boxes, count the
votes, and declare tho result of the election. It is further stated tbat Mr. Wade,
sr., was never sworn in to tbo office.
Perfectly unknown to Mr. Johnston, a
meeting was hold at Cloverdale on Alon-
day last to consider tho advisability of
protesting Mr. Armstrong's election. It
was decided to let it go, to save the cost
that a new election would entail on tho
municipality, but a vory littlo urging
before tho term expires, will meet with
a ready response. Meanwhile, it is tho
opinion of thoso informed of tho facts,
that Mr. John Armstrong cannot legally
exercise tho offico of Reove of Surrey.
Canadian Temperance Act," or any of
them?    (R.S.C., 104, s. 99.)
Had tbe Ontario Legislature jurisdiction to enact section 188 cof the
act passed by tho Legislature of Ontario
In the 53rd year of Hor Majesty's reign,
and entitled "An Act to improve the
Liquor License Acts," as the said section
is explained by the Act passed by the
said Legislature in the 54th year of Her
Majesty's reign, and entitled "An Act
respecting Local Option iu the matter of
Liquor Selling?"
The Massacre of Wilson's Party.
Capo Town despatches of the 13th
inst. furnish dotalls of the massacre of
Capt. Wilson's party by tho Mataboles.
Natives who were with King Lobengula
at tho time of tbo fight havo arrived at
Buluwayo to surrender, and toll tho
story of tho struggle Wilson's party
consisted of 40 British troopers and
about loo nativo auxiliaries. Thoy came
upon King Lobongula, who had a strong
force. Confident that the spirit of the
Matabeles was thoroughly broken and
Intent on capturing the King, Wilson,
without taking precautions against surprise, dashed forward with the troopers.
Lobengula, discovering the smailness of
the attacking force, planned a successful ruse. He ordered the centre of his
column to retreat before the British advance, while the flanks fell away on
either side, in order to surround tho
British. The plan worked perfectly.
The troopers, dashing recklessly forward, soon left the native auxiliaries far
behind. Then the Matabeles in front
made a start, and those ou the flanks
began to close In. Wilson discovered
his danger and tried to cut his way out
to join his auxiliaries, but the Matabeles
pressed him on every side in overwhelming numbers. The troopers' horses fell
beneath them and thoy were finally compelled to make a life and death stand,
fighting from beneath their dead horses
as breastworks. Ammunition for their
carbines soon gave out, and they then
had to resort to their revolvers, and,
when thore wore no more cartridges for
thom, defending themselves with their
sworas. Meanwhile tho savages pressed
closer and closer, and finally with savage
yells, swept down upon thoso who remained alivo of the littlo band, and with
assegais and clubs beat thom to earth
and all was ovor after a struggle characterized by almost unexampled bravery.
So ended another tragic chapter in the
history of Great Britain's military operations in Africa, In which, as in others,
perished some of her bravest soldiers
and young sons of some of her best families sent out to get the first taste of war.
Among the officers in the Wilson party
were Capts. Fitzgerald, Judd, Greenfield, Kirton and Borrow and Lleuts.
Hughes and Hoffmeyer. Among tbe
men of the line who went down under
the irresistible force of the savages was
a son of SirJ.Iullus Vogol, formerly general agent of New Zealand in London.
During the latter part of the stand not
a man of tbe British force was unwound-
ed, and some of them were hit a dozen
times. All reports are to the effect that
tbe young troopers made a most gallant
defence, keeping the savages at bay a
comparatively long time owing to their
accurate marksmanship and the steadiness with which they faced about 4,000
savages who participated iu the attack,
while the British are said to have numbered only 34. After all was over the
triumphant natives stripped the bodies
of the troopers, mutilated them horribly
and possessed themselves of the weapons.
Prohibition Plebiscite.
Respecting the result of the prohibition plebiscite throughout the'Province,
of Out. Mr. F. S. Spence, secretary of the
TorontoTemperance Reformation Society and' an 'active leader in temperance
matters, says:
"Roughly speaking, wo have carried
the Province, outside the cities and large
towns, by two to one, and got majorities
in pretty much all of the centres as well.
The question of tho jurisdiction of the
Ontario Legislature and of the Dominion
Parliament also in referenco to the prohibition question is now before the
Supremo court, and will probably be
argued next mouth. Practically, there
is little prospect of any legislation until
that question is settled. Iu the meantime we have In tho Province a capital
local option law, and now know the
exact strength of tho prohibition vote in
every municipality. A great many of
the municipalities will probably take
hold of this valuable means of wiping
out the liquor traffic at once within their
limits. 1 have telegrams of congratulations from Quebec, Manitoba and the
United States, and there seems to be
general rejoicing everywhere among
temperance people over tho victory won
in Ontario."
Tbe questions which will be settled by
the Supreme court are:
Has a Provincial Legislature Jurisdiction to prohibit tho sale within the Province of spirituous, fermented or other
fermented liquors? Or has the Legislature such jurisdiction regarding such
portions of the Province as to which the
Canada Temperance Act is not in operation?
Has a Provincial Legislature jurisdiction to prohibit the manufacture of such
liquors in tho Province?
If a Provincial Legislature has not
jurisdiction to prohibit sales of such
liquors, irrespective of quantity,has such
Legislature jurisdiction to prohibit tbe
sale by retail, according to the definition
of a sale by retail, cither in statutes in
forco In tho Province at the timo of
Confederation or any othor definition
If a Provincial Legislature has a limited Jurisdiction only as regards the prohibition of sales, has the Legislature
jurisdiction to prohibit sales, subject to
tho limits provided by the several subsections of the  99th  section   of "Tho
Being interviewed in regard to the result of the vote on the plebiscite in favor
of prohibition, Hon. G. E. Foster is reported to have said that the vote was a
remarkable one, being large and uniform
in the cities. Ho did not know what was
the actual vote, but he thought that, as
those who did not vote had the same opportunities of voting as those who did, it
was fair to estimate that the actual vote
represents the feeling of tho electorate
on the question. Tho result might fairly
indicate the position of Ontario. On the
larger question as to the raising of revenue, it made no difference whether it
was placed on tea or coffee or anything
else, instead of liquor. All that he
wanted to do was to show the people
that the revenue had to bo raised. Personally, he never had any doubt that if
the waste, expense and ruin caused by
drink were dono away with, tho country
could afford to pay threo time the taxes
In a different way.
Halifax, Jan. 14.���On Friday Halifax
experienced Its heaviest snow storm for
years, ovor two feet falling. Tho stroet
railway, for tho first time in years, has
to substitute sleighs for cars.
Kingston, Jan. 16.���While hunting
near Nipissing, James Growberger mistook his brother, Andrew, for a deer and
shot him fatally. The deceased leaves
a wife and two children.
Moncton, N. B., Jan. 10.���The skating race to-night between Breen and
Laidlaw at the Metropolitan Rink was
one of the most interesting of the series
between the men. Laidlaw won by a-
bout 25 feet.   Timo 9.45.
Toronto, Jan. 15.���Official notice bas
been sent all along the line of the Grand
Trunk Railway, stating that a 10 per
cent, reduction will be made In the
wages of trackmen, commencing to-day.
St. Catharines, Ont., Jan. 16.���A dynamite cartridge was found under the stage
of the opora bouse in this city to-day
with a fuse attached. It is believed
that the explosive was placed thero during Mrs. Margaret L. Sheopard's course
of anti-popery Ioctures some weeks ago.
Toronto, Jan. 10.���The Excelsior Loan
and Savings Union incorporated last
February with a proposed capital stock
of $10,000,000, is to be wound up under
an ordor made yesterday by Judgo McDougall. Tho proceedings leading to tho
ordor were brought by Alexander McLeod, who had paid 912.50 into the concern and then becamo disgusted with it.
Montreal, Jan. 17.���The woollen manufacturers Intend sending a deputation to
Ottawa to complain to tho Controller of
Customs against the large quantity of
folt that is being brought into Canada at
a low rate of duty. It is claimed that
the market is being Hooded with felt
overcoats, which pass off as Melton.
Toronto, Jan. 17.���The complete official returns of the plebiscite from eleven
cities in Ontario, including Bellevll'e,
Brantford, Hamilton, Kingston, Ottuv a,
St. Catherines, St. Thomas, Stratford,
Toronto and Windsor show a majority
of 7,788 for prohibition. The city of
Guelph and most of the counties are
still to be heard from.
Letbbrldge, Jan. 15.���Last night a
two-story building iu the suburbs, was
completely destroyed by fire, the result
of the explosion of a lamp. The inmates,
Mrs. Owen Walker and her children,
narrowly escaped with their lives. Of
their goods, two trunks only were saved.
The loss is about $2,000, partly covered
by insurance.
Ottawa, Jan. 15.���It is probable that
at the next sission of Parliament, the
Government will ask the House to increase the subvention for the proposed
line of fast Atlantic steamers to $750,-
000. The Statute at present provides
for an annual subsidy of $500,000 which
has been found inadequate as an inducement to steamship companies to
start a fast line between Montreal and
Quebec in the summer, and Halifax and
St. John in the winter and Liverpool or
some other part in England.
Montreal, Jan. 10.���Inquiry at the office of the General Manager of the Grand
Trunk Rrilwav this morning established
the fact that a ten per cent reduction ia
wages of trackmen west of Toronto went
into effect to-day. These track men, or
section hands, as they are generally
called, are getting only $1 per day. The
reduction makes thoir pay for a hard
day's work 90 cents. The section foremen will in futuro receivo $1.30 per day,
instead of $1.50.] To compensate for this
reduction the Company has declared
that the men shall work 9 hours per day
Instead of 10 as formerly. The' reduction will remain in force for 3 months.
Toronto, Jan. 10.���A terrible accident
occurred on the bay at the foot of York
streot in this city, where a party of boys
wero skating about 100 yards from the
shore on dangerous Ice. A boy named
Owens went through and a comrade
named Coombs plunged In to his rescue.
Both were drowned and also one unknown boy. As one of the bodies was
being landed, the Toronto Canoe club's
small landing stage, on which a scoro of
people were crowded, collapsed and all
were plunged Into the ley water. Two
other peoplo who were on the platform
are missing, and It is believed were
drowned, making five altogether, including G. Dunk, a restaurant waiter.
Winnipeg, Jan. 11.���A terrible snow
storm raged here for several hours last
night. The day was very mild; but
about in the evening a gale set In from
the west and the streets were soon
deserted. This morning two deaths
were reported from the storm in the
Winnipeg district. Robert Miles, a respectable farmer of Headlngly district,
was found near tho church at that placo
frozon to death, having evidently lost his
way. James McChorlster, a character
well known to the city police, was found
dead on tho banks of the Red river with
a bottle of whiskey besldo him. He had
been drunk and lay down to sleep.
Thero was no damage from wind In the
city, but at Letbbrldge, Alberta, the
wind wrecked tho now skating rink and
overturned sevoral empty flat cars. The
weather Is quite clear to-day. wq
The Ex-Queen of Hawaii will sue the
United States for Damages.
A San Francisco paper contains the
following, under date of Honolulu, January Oth. Ex-Queen Llliuokalani has entirely abandoned all hope of ever regaining the throne of Hawaii and Is now
perfecting arrangements for bringing
suil against the United States for an immense sum of money. Such is tho startling news learned here to-day shortly
befor the sailing of the steamer Australia. The information comes from a
source which makes it absolutely trustworthy. Tho agents of the ox-Queen
now in the United States, havo informed
her that American sentiment generally
is against her restoration and in favor
of the annexation of the Islands, and
that all further efforts on her part to regain her lost position will bo utterly useless. Acting on this information and in
view of the stubborn stand taken by the
Provisional Government, Llliuokalani
has concluded to abandon the struggle
to restore former conditions and will seek
pecuniary solace in a suit for heavy
damages against the American Government. Her action will be taken upon tho
statements made In her favor by President Cleveland in his messages to Congress; by Secretary of State, Gresham,
in Lis letter to President Cleveland, and
by Commissioner Blount in the report of
his investigations and upon tbo further
fact that in recognising tho justice of her
cause, and acknowledging that a wrong
had been dono her, tho United States
endeavored to induce the Provisional
Govornmont to surrender in her favor.
The claim for damages will also be made
upon the ground that she was deposed
solely by an armed force of the United
States, acting under tho advico and
direction of Minister Stevens. It is well
known among leading Royalists that a
representative of the ex-Queen left here
not long ago for San Francisco. He was
instructed to open negotiations with the
State Department concorning the payment of a large sum to the ex-Queon as
a partial return for the loss of her
sceptre. What action he has taken, if
any, has not been learned here. His
Identity is closely concealed.
San Francisco, Jan. 10.���In regard to
an item published In a local paper on
Saturday last that the ex-Queen of Hawaii had given up the contest for the
throng and would sue the United States
for damages, Mr. Samuel Parker, the
Prime Minister of the Queen, has wired
Secretary Gresham denying these assertions in tola. Both Mr. Parker and Mr.
W. C. Peterson,. the Queen's Attorney-
General, state that they saw Llliuoakal-
ani half-an-hour before they sailed from
Honolulu on the Australia and she was
very firm in her determination to maintain her claim to the throne. The possibility of presenting a claim for damages
had never been mentioned.
$30,000 Fire in Victoria.
The palatial residence of Jacob Sehl,
for about seven years an ornament of
Laurel Point, Victoria, admired alike by
'citizens and travellers entering tho harbor, on Monday evening became a thing
of the past, a two hours' fire reducing it
to a smouldering heap of ashes and involving a loss of upwards of $30,000,
besides the sentimental consideration of
the complete disappearance of the household goods collected in a lifetime-
The fire broke out at 8.30. At that
time the family were gathered in Mr.
Sehl's bedroom in the upper part of the
house, at the corner beneath the cupola.
He bad been laid up with a cold for a
couple of week, and though out yesterday for the first time was still far from
well. With him were Mrs. Sehl, and
their nephew Leonard Maas, with his
wife and child, who lived in the house.
Mr. Maas had a short time before been
down to the cellar, where the hot-air
furnace is situated, and had it fed and
fixed up for the night. The strange
sight of smoke���only a little���issuing
from the register in the side of the wall
caused Mr. Maas to go down to investigate. He was only away a few moments
when he called out that something was
"I rushed down," said Mr. Sehl, "and
when I got to the foot of the stairs I
found the smoke so thick that I could
hardly breathe in it, and great clouds
were pouring from the cellar. I could
hoar the flames crackling beneath. I
called to my wife to get out with all
hands Immediately, and they came down,
just as they were, without even getting
their hats. I got them out somehow,
and left myself in my slippers. The
smoke was so thick we could not have
passed through many minutes later, and
we were vory lucky to escape as we did.
If it had been a little later and we had
been in bod, we certainly would have
been burned to death. As it was we lost
everything except what we had on���no
one carried out anything, anl no one
could hove entered the house after we
The Storm in Cape Breton.
Halifax, N.S., Jan. 15.���Despatches
from points In Cape Breton state that
the storm on Friday night and Saturday
was the heaviest since the memorable one
of August, 1873. Saturday night or early
Sunday morning a tidal wave swept in
on tho northern coast of the Island and
did immense damage in the aggregate.
Ingonish, Meat Cove, Neil's Harbor, New-
haven, French River and Middlehead
suffered to the greatest extent. At these
places wharves, breakwaters, lobster
factories and fish houses were swept
from their foundations and carried out
to sea. At South Ingonish the lighthouse oil shed, with its contents, was
bodily lifted from its foundation and
washed in over .the beach. A family
named Donovan at this place had a
thrilling escape. A wave struck their
house and smashed In the whole side,
taking with It a large quantity of gravel
and stono. Tho Inmates had just time
to escape with what they had on. The
storekeepers are losers to quite an extent,
but tho ferrymen aro the greatest sufferers. Hundreds of boats were smashed
and every building is flat. The highways noar tho shore were ruined. There
is danger to shipping as by the washing
away of Government breakwaters and
abutments false channels have beon
opened. So far no loss of life is reported
but it Is feared that when the reports
from the sea come in, the record will be
an appalling one. The steamer Boston,
from Boston for Yarmouth, ovidently
experienced the storm, as a despatch
from Yarmouth this morning says that
she had a rough time of it and was obliged to lie to for 13 hours. She sustained
no serious damage however.
Invest a dollarln a year's subscription
to tho Canadian.   It will pay.
A little book. With here and there a leaf   "*
Turned   at tome tender passage!  how K
To speak to me, to fill my sonl with dreams
Sweet as first love, and beautiful as kriefl
Here was her glory, on this page her grief,
For tears have stained it; here the sunlight
Ai.d there the stare withheld from her thelt
And sorrow .ought her white sool like * thief.
And here her name, and a* I breathe tha
Soft syllables, a presence in the room
Bheds a rare radiance, but I may not look.
The yellowed loaves are fluttering at my feet,
Tho light is gone, and I. lost in the gloom.
Weep like a woman o'er this little book!
���Frank L. Stanton in Atlanta Constitution.
The Cost of Carelessness.
Familiarity with danger seems to
breed, if not a contempt for it, an uttei
carelessness. We have seeu the "Mo-
iiavvk Dutchman," the celobruted expert with a band scroll saw, rub the
hall of his thumb in dirty grease and
them eut the grease off with the rapidly running saw as clean as could be
done with soap and water.
We have seen a man put hiB finger
under a powerful triphammer in motion just to show how he conld manuge
I ho machine. Many other foolish things
are done just to "show off." But inoal
of the accidonts happen through a carelessness resulting from familiarity. So
long as an operator is afraid of his machine he is not apt to get hurt. Many
human minds are so constituted that
thoy cannot bear a sustained effort in
one direction���that is, cannot he always equally on the alert in regard to
a certain contingency.
A train dispatcher or switch tender
may hold a place for years without ever
making a mistake and at lost make a
terrible one, from some cause he could
not explain. The only way to lessen
ihe number of casualties���they cannot
he avoided entirely���is to take all precautions. ThiB is required of the owners if they wish to escape costly damage
suits, but when all possible precautious
uaye been taken one can then only trust
to luck.���Chattanooga Tradesman.
An Silastic Appetite.
The American black bear has' an appetite that may be appropriately termed elastic. He will kill a thousand
pound steer or capture the tiny field
mouse for a meal with equal indifference. If a pig or a sheep is not handy
to his reach, he will dine on a colony
of ants or a nest of wood grabs.
He will feast on dainty birds' eggs
or sweet storeB of wild honey and on tho
foulest carrion with like gusto. He will
lish for the savory trout, but at the
same time snap any warty toad or slimy
lizard that may happen ulong that way.
lie will seek the luscious wild plum
when it has ripened or the wild grape
among the branches where the vine
clambers and bears its fruit, but will
not miss the opportunity to make food of
any snake that may lie in ambush there
for birds that come to peck at tho plratna
or grapes. The bear has a comprehensive palate. Tbere Is scarcely a thing
in the animal or vegetable kingdom
that will not tickle it.���New York Herald.
���ast Property In Receivers' HanAs.
More than (1,300,000,000 of railway
property in this oountry is estimated to
be in the hands of receivers. It is an
imposing total well calculated to give
some notion of the vastnees of the transportation interests. Five great systems
under receivers���the Union Paoiiic.
Northern Pacific, Philadelphia and
Reading, Erie and Richmond Terminal
���represent cloee to 90,000 mile* ef
road, with aa aggregate capitalization
ol 1410.724,711, assets of $1,174,312.-
871 and funded debts of (017,088,656.
Un stock exchange valuation the stocks
of these roads are worth about 18 per
cont on the dollar, or say a total of
about 100,000,000.���Railway Time*.
When to Wind Yoar Watoh,
Daring the night yoar watch is quiet,
as lt were���that is, it hanga in your
vest without motion or toach. If jjnu
don't wind it at night, the mainspring
is then relaxed, instead of being in that
condition during the day. By winding
it in the morning tbe mainspring remains close and tight all day. It keeps
the movement steady at a time when
you are handling it, running about the
city attending to your daily affairs. A
relaxed mainspring at this time accounts
for fine watches varying slightly.���Industrial World.
A Deserter.
Melancholy Milton���Say, I struck er
snag last week over in dat corner house.
Wandering Willie���How was dat?
Melancholy Milton���T7hy, you see, I
went up an tried ter work de ale woman for a meal an	
Wandering Willie (Interrupting)���
Yer tried ter work, did yer. An you
calledyerself agent. (Weeps.)���Princeton Tiger.
A merchant at Nagoya, China, has
earned the title of "King Henry VIII"
among his countrymen by recently marrying his twenty-seventh wife. He Had
resolved when he was young to marry
80 women and is delighted that he has
nuw only three mora to mury to keep
Us row.
The autograph letters and historical
documents of the late Dr. J. B. Fogg of
Boston have been willed to the Maine
Historical society. His will also calls
for the establishment of a free public
library in the town of Eliot, Ma.
In the days of William the Conquwor
tt waa more dangerous to kill a rabbit
than a man. A murderer could escape
with payment of a fine; a rabbit slayer
was put to death.
In Canada positions in the civil service aro obtainable uf ter examination and
are held during good behavior, which,
as a rule, means life.
The monster water wheel at the Calumet and Hecla copper mine, Lake tin-
perlor region, weighs 800 tone.
Slarery In Slam.
Slavery in Siam bas been abolished in
name, but it can never be abolished in
fact, for the slaves have no means ol
supporting themselves outside their
masters' houses. Every member of the
Siamese upper classeB can fetter his servants or throw them into prison without
any kind of trial or permission being
necessary. One morning I wont to call
upon one of the ablest and most enlightened of the ministers, a man who has
been to Europe, and who once actually
got into serious trouble for trying to inaugurate a sort of woman's rights movement in Siam. I made my way by mistake into a part of his grounds where
visitors wore not expected, and 1 found u
Blave fastened down to the ground in an
ingenious kind of pillory in which he
could not move hand or foot, while another slave tortured him with severe
strokes of a bamboo rod at the word of
a member of the family in order to force
him to confess to some misdeed.���Contemporary Review.
Curiont Marriago Presents.
One Hew Jersey clergyman received
for a marriage fee in a monogramed envelope a bridge toll ticket of the value
of 2 cents. Another got something neatr
ly wrapped in paper. He took it to a
grocer, told him that it was a wedding
fee, that he had not opened it and did
not know what it was, but would give it
to him, "sight unseen," for a watermelon. The grocer agreed, the dominie
seized his melon, and the grocer found
in the paper a silver 8 cent piece. One
groom, as he passed out with his bride,
threw into a workbosket on old pair of
gloves, saying to the minister's wife that
she might have them. The minister's
wife looked at them with scorn and contempt. A few days later, however, wishing to do some gardening, she thought
the despised old gloves might be useful
after all. She attempted to put them on
and found a difficulty. In every one of
the 10 fingers there waa a |6 bill.���Tren-
ton True American,  ��
Dynamite in New York.
Now York, Jan. 12.���An attempt to
blow up with two bombs a tenement
house at No. 54 Avenue D was made last
night. A tailor shop on the first floor
had been locked up over a month, owing
to hard times. At 10 o'clock there was
a terrific explosion in the tailor shop,
and an alarm of fire was promptly turned
In. Thjo whole front of the house had
been blown out by tho explosion. All
the glass in the building was shattered,
and tho shock aroused the wholo neighborhood. The firemen found a gas meter
had exploded, and discovered a trail of
kerosono which led from tho meter to the
cellar. They found a quantity of cotton
batting soaked in kerosene and a bomb
mado of lead pipe, to which a half burn-
fuso was attached. A later examination
showed that the bomb was filled with
enough powder to blow the entire houso
into fragments. The fire department
offico claim a bomb exploded a few
minutes after the gas meter explosion.
A great deal of mystery surrounds the
mattor, and while the police department
are very reticent, they are making careful investigation.
Papal Encyclical.
Rome, Jan. 15.���The Holy Father is
busily engaged upon the encyclical which
is to be issued next month, which will
mark the end of his jubilee year. It will
probably be the last document of Importance to come from the Vatican to
the Catholic world. Rumors are renewed
that the event will be marked by the
creation of several new cardinals, two of
whom will be reserved for the United
States. In ecclesiastical circles gossip
is busy with the names of Archbishops
Corrlgan and Ireland in this connection.
The same advices state that the congress
of anti-clericals, which was to have
opened in Rome next week, bas been
postponed for two years, owing to the
lack of interest manifested in the proposed gathering.
Chicago, Jan. 13.���The marriage of
Budd Doble, the famous driver, to Miss
Hortense Macdonald on Thursday was
the culmination of a romance. Several
years ago while Miss Macdonald lived In
Boston, she was courted by Mr. Fish.the
millionaire president of the leather trust,
Sho came west later and won high musical honors. Last fall Mr. Fish came to
Chicago on a visit and renewed his suit,
and finally Miss Macdonald consented to
become his wife. Then Budd appeared
upon the scene and laid selge to Miss
Macdonald's heart, and with such success
that the lady repented her promise to
Mr. Fish. Accordingly she telegraphed
him that she had met another whom she
loved better and had married him. Poor
Fish believed It was all a joke, but to
make sure he telegraphed a friend. This
telegram reached Chicago last Monday,
and tho friend telegraphed back that
Miss Macdonald was not married yot.but
would be on Thursday.
London, Jan. 14.���A dispatch from
Cape Town confirms the previous reports
of the massacre of Captain Wilson's
party. The English force succumbed
after a desperate struggle. They resisted
to the last, and many Matabeles were
killed, but their numbers were so great
that resistance on the part of the smail
but valorous British force was of no
Winnipeg, Jan. 16.���The mild spell of
the past few days culminated this morning In t, genuine shower of genuine
rain���a very rare If not an entirely unprecedented occurrence in Manitoba at
this time of year.
HIS HONOUR the Lieutenant-Governor has been pleased to make the
following appointment :���
6th January, 1894.
Riciiaiid Mason Palmer, of Hall's
Prairie, New Westmlnstor District, Esquire, to bo Inspector of Fruit Posts for
tho Provlnco of British Columbia, under
the "Horticultural Board Act, 1892,"
vice Ernest Hutcherson, Esquiro, re-
Venders for a License to cut Timber on
Dominion Lands in the Frovinoe
of British Columbia.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the
undersigned and marked on the
envelope "Tender for Timber Berth 125,
to be opened ou the 26th of I?ebruary,
1804," will be received at this Depart-
riient until noon on Monday, the 2Gth
day of February next, for a license to
cut timber on a berth of 530 acres situated in Township 7, Range 7, West ef
the 7th Meridian, Immediately North of
Timber Berth 68, on either side of a
small stream which joins the creek (lowing into the North Ami of Burrard Inlet,
In the said Province.
The regulations under which a license
will be issued, together with a sketch
showing approximately the position of
the berth in question, may bo obtained
at this Department or at tho oflice of
the Crown Timber Agont at New Westminster.
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered Bank
in favour of the Deputy of the Minister
of the Interior, for tho amount of the
bonus which the applicant is prepared to
pav for a license.
No tender by telegraph will bo entertained.
Department of tho Interior,
Ottawa, 9th January, 1894.
i*��ai��Eiuf/--\,'^iii. "-rem-.
NOTICE is hereby given that Assessed
and Provincial Revenue Taxes,
for tho year 1894, are now due and payable at my office, Court Houso, Now
Westminster, at tho following rates :���
If paid on or before 30th Juno :
One-half of one per cent, on the
assessed value of real estate.
Two per cent, on the assessed value
of wild land.
Ono-third of one por cent, on the
assessed value of personal property.
One-half of one per cent, on tho in-
como of every person of $1,500
or over.
If paid on or after 1st July:
Two-thirds of ono per cent, on tbe
assessed valuo of real  property.
Two and one-half per cent, on the
assessed valuo of wild land.
One-half of ono per cent, on the assessed value of personal property
Three-quarters of one per cent, on
the income of every porsou of
81,500 or over.
Provincial Rovenue Tax, $3 per capita
(New Westminster and Vaucouvor Cities
All parties whoso taxes aro in arrears
up to 31st December, 1893, aro requested
to pav the samo forthwith, or costs will
be Incurred at an early date.
All taxes due on property in the Town-
sites of Hastings, Port Moody, Mission
City, Abbotsford and Huntingdon are
also payable to
Assessor and Collector for the. Electoral Districts of Westminster, New Westminster
Cdy and Vancouver CUy.
New Westminster, Jan. 16th, 1894.
[L.S.]    E. DEWDNEY.
To Our faithful the Mombors elected to
serve in tho Legislative Assembly of
British Columbia at Our City of Victoria��� Greeting.
Theodore Davie, ) TTTHEREAS Wo
Attorney-General. j VV are desirous
and resolved, as soon as may be, to meet
Our people of Our Province of British
Columbia, and to have thoir advico In
Our Legislature:
NOW  KNOW  YE,   that  for  divers
causes and considerations, and taking
into consideration  the ease and convenience of Our loving subjects, Wo havo
thought fit, by and with the advico of
Our Executive Council of the Provlnco of
British  Columbia,   to  hereby convoko,
and by those presents enjoin you, and
each of  you,   that  on  Thursday, tbo
Eighteenth day of tho month of January, ono thousand eight hundred and
ninety-four, you meet Us in Our said
Legislature or Parliament of Our said
Province, at Our City of Victoria, FOR
treat, do, act, and concludo upon those
things which in Our Legislature of tho
Province of   British Columbia,  by   tho
Common Council of Our said  Providco
may, bv the favour of God, be ordained.
In Testimony  Whereof,   wo   havo
caused   these   Our   Letters  to  be
madt Patent and the Great Seal of
the said Province to be  hereunto
affixed:   Witness,  the Honourable
Edgar Dewdney, Lieutenant-Governor of Our said Province of British
Columbia,  in Our City of Victoria,
in Our said Provlnco, this Fourteenth
day of Docember, in tho yoar of Our
Lord ono thousand olght hundred
and  nlnotv-throo, and In  tho  lifty-
soventh yoar of Our roign.
By Command.
Provincial Secretary.
ONE of
D. S. CURTIS &. Co., New Westminster.
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
Special Attention pen to tie Mainland Trade.
Rare Chance to Purchasers.
We are giving up business in New
Westminster and  going  into our
new store in Vancouver,
and in order to avoide the great expense of moving, will sell
out our present stock at great reduced prices to make room
for new goods, for the next sixty days.
General   Hardware,    Nails,    Stoves,
Spades,    Axes,    Axes   Handled,
Axe    Handles,   Picks,   Mattocks,     Wedges,    Cook
Stoves.   Heating  Stoves,   Agate   Ware,
Tin Ware, House
White Lead,   Etc., Etc.
Cunningham  Hardware Co
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday-
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and qnick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.    Call and see us.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Piekets, Doors***'*
Windows,  Frames, Mouldings, House Finish,
Mantels,   Sehool    Seats and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
&c.,    &c,    &c.
Importers   of Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber accurately  Sawn,
Orders  Promptly   Filled. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLITTV1B1A.   JAN. 20, 1894.
ii mm mum
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
PER YEAR!   -m
This is a price that suits the times, and no home   need be
without a good Home Paper.
will find the PACIFIC CANADIAN a particularly desirable
Advertising Medium. It reaches the people that merchants
and jjstiers want to reach, and in the chief agricultural districts of the Province, the CANADIAN has a larger circulation than any other newspaper whatsoever.
It is the especial aim  of the  Publishers to make the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter ^to suit the
tastes of old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
(Continued from last woek.)
Poor Rose! As Boon as the closing
door hid her from view all excitement
died away, and like one stunned and bewildered by some fearful blow she crept
up to her room and mechanically seated
herself there. With hands tightly clasped
in her lap and stony eyes, she sat as pale
and motionless almost as the dead till
her tender mother's kiss roused her from
this sad stupor, and she found relief in a
passionate flood of tears.
With hands tightly clasped in her lap.
"Be still hopeful, Rose, my precious
onel   All will yet be light."
"Yes, I know it," she said wearily,
"but please let us not speak of it. Kiss
me good night, dear mother. I will retire." 	
The next morning Rose met the family
at breakfast, paler and more quiet than
usual, but perfectly self possessed. The
loving hearts around her needed no words
to teach them that all allusion to the
painful conversations of the previous
evening should be avoided.
Lillian proposed that Rose should accompany her mother on the exploring
expedition, alleging that Rose's taste
and judgment would be more adapted
to the taste of the whole family than
her own.
The proud girl divined at once her sister's real meaning, and with heightened
color and contracted brow shrank as
from a blow. Her mother came to her
rescue, remarking quietly she preferred
Lillian should go, as Rose could more
advantageously aid in superintending
various changes at home that should be
arranged at once and in which her
brothers could be effective assistants,
judging, with her usual sagacity, even
laborious employment for the oomfort
and welfare of the family would be the
most certain oordial for her wounded
Those sent to spy out the land returned in the afternoon and brought
back a most enthusiastic report of the
beauties of the place, its great capacity
for profitable employment, the convenience of the house and outbuildings, so
arranged as to save much labor, and
therefore peculiarly desirable in their
estimation, aa it was well understood
they must dispense with servants. Indeed, Mrs. Newton told her husband it
was the facsimile of such a place as they
had often dreamed over.
The prospects this glowing report
opened were so in unison with the natural
taste and good judgment of the whole
family, giving a field for the working of
each individual and peculiar talent, that
nothing remained but to hasten the business urrangement between Mr. Dunbar
and Mr. Newton and enter at once upon
their labors. The good wife and mother
thought that no repairs were necessary
but such as could be better attended to
when on the ground. Mr. Newton then
offered to take a lease of the property for
a certain number of years, paying a rent
equal to that paid in the vicinity for
farming property, the papers to be at
once drawn up and possession taken immediately.
Dunbar, on the contrary, urgad that he
should so soon deprive them of Lillian's
aid it was only fair that rent should be
considered but a proper equivalent from
himself and his Lilly for the loss of then-
valuable services.
He was interrupted by an outburst of
merriment, started of course by Ralph
at Eustace's expense, for his high estimate of their capabilities, in which oven
Rose joined with something of her usual
sparkling repartee. But Dunbar was not
to be silenced, even though his gentle
Lilly was leagued against him. Mr.
Newton finally replied that no arguments would avail. He must enter upon
his work according to his own ideas of
independent action or not at all.
A few days saw all the changes completed. The splendid mansion where the
Newtons had passed so many happy
hours was transferred to other hands,
not without natural regrets, but without
a murmur. Selecting such articles as
would suit their altered circumstances,
the family romoved immediately to their
new home, leaving such property as they
could claim to be sold at auction. When
all was sold and fully settled, Mr. Newton was thankful to find that between
$4,000 and $5,000 clear remained in his
hands, besidos the unpretentious furnishings of the farm home and the expenses
of removal. Part of this money he at
once safely invested, reserving only what
wonld supply their wants till thoy might
hopo to receive something available from
the farm, having also purchased from
Eustace the stock and farming implements ho had secured with the place.
A vory honest and efficient farmer,
who had for some years lived in a little
cottage near by and superintended the
work, was also retained, Mr. Newton
being aware that he should economize by
securing trusty and experienced farm
laborers till such time as ho might hope
to acquire the requisite knowledge himself. During the coming winter, while
engrossed in such preparatory labor aB
every farmer understands is essential for
summer operations, he would at the
same time become familiar with both
theoretical and practical agriculture.
The storm that threatened Rose's peace
had quietly subsided, and her spirits rose
often to their natural tone, bnt at times
a discordant note told too plainly that
her heart was not fully reassured. The
young man meanwhile was assiduously
trying to banish every clou i from the
sweet girl's brow, and all his really excellent qualities were called into action
and his hasty temper and natural hauteur were wisely controlled when at the
farm, which by no means was infrequent.
And so, happy in their new occupations, without ennui or discontent, each
actively employed during the day, looking forward with even more than the
old exhilaration to the peaceful evenings,
which always gathered them together to
mingle in pleasant conversation or instructive reading, the winter glided
cheerfully on.
Fearful of another explosion from
Grenville the family had all been very
careful not to hazard any remark in his
presence with reference to the intense
public feeling which by this time was
fast culminating toward a crisis. The
wisdom may ba doubted of the strict reticence, but the time was drawing near
which must compel a full separation of
the "sheep from the goats" and call in
trumpet tones to all: "Choose ye this
day whom ye will serve. If the Lord be
God, then follow him. If Baal, then
follow him." That strong affection
which shrinks so naturally from giving
pain to the beloved one is not always the
wisest counselor, but tho good parents,
although not satisfied with the uncertainty that hung over their child's future, avoided any word that might force
Grenville into an avowal of his sentiments until it should be settled past controversy whether it was to be peace or
war with the south.
Fears lest Rose's peace was endangered
and apprehensions for their country were
tho only shadows that fell across their
pleasant life. Both these perils caused
at times great anxiety, but like the
dreams of the night they soon vanished,
for to American minds the idea of a war,
or any attempt at real disunion, had so
little tangibility it was not strange, engrossed as they were with so much that
was novel in their own situation, that it
should be difficult to realize the danger.
Their minds were not aroused by the intense excitement that city residents experienced when morning and evening
papers and frequent bulletins kept the
brain in perpetual tumult.
Mr. Newton could not afford either
time or money for such luxuries or annoyances. But their one weekly paper
or some intelligence brought by Duncan
in his frequent visits to Lillian and the
friends at the farm often roused their
indignation almost beyond control, showing that under all the peaeef'ulness of
their present life a fire smoldered that
ueeiled but a spark at any time or moment to leap into an inextinguishable
W hen Dunbar was present, tbe country's prospects were the constant theme,
but of late Grenville, who once was ac-
customt d to meet Dunbar that they
utiglit walk together every evening to
Mr. Newton's house, now apparently
avoided him. for thoy seldom met and
never called together. W hile Jasper was
with them those topics thut were of the
greatest interest were never mentioned.
The family ventured ou no questions,
and he volunteered uo remark. He was
unwearying in little acts of kindness; apt
to devise topics of general interest or
amusement, and to Rose never was lover
so devoted.
If liuse was only waiting patiently for
unmistakable revelations of his feelings
and intentions or had really been lulled
to rest by his unceasing kindness and
tenderness, neither her parents nor brothers could understand, but they had become painfully certain that he harbored
in his heart a purpose that might at any
moment "sweep all her hopes, like sand,
It came at last, that fearful day, just
as the cold, stern winter had departed
aud spring was full of promise���Sumter
surrendered. For some days groups of
men were seen standing on the corners
of the streets in earnest conversation,
and "expectation stood aghast with horror."
The excitement spread all over the
country. At Montgomery farm the
peace and quiet of the winter were dispelled by stern and resolute watchfulness, waiting impatiently for the signal
to spring to arms. Dunbar was with
them ever}' evening of the previous week
to keep them posted and arrange for instant action whenever needed. Grenville came not at all. Roso moved about
her work mechanically, repelling any
indication by word or look that seemed
like sympathy with an impatience, an
irritability, so foreign to her nature that
it wus too evident some concealed fear
or sorrow wus hidden in her heart.
On this eventful Sabbath Grenville
made his appearance in season for dinner. He apologized for his absence the
past week on the plea of slight Illness,
telling Rose he would have sent her a
line, but each morning he felt sure of being better before night, but found himself mistaken. He had, however, embraced the first moment of convalescence
to come to her. So wretchedly pale and
haggard did he look that her heart reproached her for the doubts which she
had tried in vain to conceal, and even
her friends were so struck by his miserably changed appearance as to be almost
ready to hope they had misjudged him
and carefully avoided remarks that might
disturb the Sabbath by bitter feeling or
unguarded anger.
Eustace had failed to be with them in
the morning or to attend Lillian to
church, and knowing such unwonted absence was significant George, with hia
father'* consent, after dinner waa just
starting for the eity when he espied the
truant riding rapidly np the lane and
hastened to meet him. As the friends
met Eustace exclaimed:
- "It is war now, war of complete ez-
flrmination or submission."
"Stay a moment. Is Grenville with
"Yes. He has been here bnt a short
time and is either ill or in great mental
anxiety. Have you heard anything
more of his movements?"
' 'Yes, indeed!   Enough to destroy him!
j Our poor Rosel 	
"The southern sympathizers in the
city are wildly jubilant ovor this flrst
I aggressive stop cf their brethren and
now feel safe to speak ont. Horton
told me exultingly that Grenville was
heart and hand with them; that he had
just received a letter from his father
urging him to break away from all ties
here at once and hasten to join them,
saying that his father's influence with
his party had secured for his son a high
position in the large army they are raising. Horton says ho saw the commission, and that Grenville had accepted
this very morning and was confident
that when Rose saw that his mind was
fixed she would yield."
"Ah, how little he understands our
darling I Or rather, he understands too
well. What ho said to Horton was spoken in a moment of excitement, and his
dispirited manner sinco he came proves
plainly he dare not even broach the subject to her. He must have known of this
news you bring, and yet not a word has
he spoken."
"But, oh, George, how will the dear
girl bear it?"
"It certainly will not be half so heavy
upon her as the torturing suspense under
which she has for some weeks been pining. I think we have been unwise to
conceal our knowledge of hia intentions
bo long. But I will at once unmask tho
villain!   My sweet darling sister!"
When the young men entered the
house, all gathered anxiously around Eustace, for, his faco onco seen, thero could
be no doubt ho brought tidings of great
importance. The tale wus soon told.
The fearful step had been too long anticipated for any great surprise to blend
with tho exoitement and indignation it
caused. The color fled from every face,
but the lofty courage and stern resolution stumped on each feature needed not
words to tell how willingly they would
offer their lives for a country so dearly
loved and bitterly insulted.
"And now may God bless ns and speed
us to our work," said Eustace, while
with his arm thrown closely around Lillian he read with pride and admiring
love the unselfish spirit with which she
laid her heart's life on her country's altar.
Mr. Newton raised his hand to heaven
and solemnly blessed them, while Mrs.
Newton, with more than a Roman mother's fortitude���a Christian heroism���
yielded her brave boys to her country's
service. But when Alfred sprang to her
arms with an imploring look and the one
word���"Mother"���she pressed her quivering lips to his noble brow, unable to reply to that unspoken entreaty. But his
father laid his hand lovingly on his head,
saying: "My boy, I am too old and you
too young to enterinto active service for
our land, at least for the present. Should
there be pressing need, neither age nor
youth shall keep us buck at such a call.
This good mother will yield us without
a word of remonstrance."
While this was passing Rose, forgetting lover, self, all but her country's
peril, had listened with compressed lips
and eyes whose heroic light might have
led men to the cannon's mouth.   George
saw that a spirit was roused within ber
at this moment thut would sustain her
under the coming revelation. So, turning suddenly to Grenville, he said:
"We must endeavor to be all enlisted
in the same regiment, and by going into
town tonight we can enter our names
! early tomorrow and be on hand to
march at any moment. This precious,
darling sister will have little time to ro-
; deem her pledge of last fall."
Without a moment's  hesitation  she
! passed to her lover's side and laid ber
! hand timidly on his, then raised thost
| eloquent eyes to hia face with a look oi
earnest, pleading love, at the samo tiiiit
carrying into his inmost soul the conviction that every word of that pledge wa:
well remembered and would be truS
acted  upon  in every particular.    B.
threw hia arms convulsively around ber
and said:
"Oh, Rose I My own Rose! Bernini
now! Consult your own heart and not
your prejudices. In two days a ateamei
leaves for the old world! See! I wii
give up all for your dear aake. Leave
the strife and bitterness here and wandei
with me through gay, beautiful Franc
and sunny Ityily till peace is once moiv
For one instant Rose gazed into his
face, with scorn and contempt quiverin,
in overy lineament. Then dashing li:
arm from around her and springing l
her father's side, her head erect and eyoi
whose burning light should have blaste,.
the traitor where he stood, she cried:
"Do you hear that man, father? D.
you understand what he asks of youi
"I fear I do but too well, my sweet
child. Grenville, it is high time that ut.
duplicity on your part should cease.
Nay, check your passionate reply. 1
have not been as fully blinded as you
had hoped, but for some time have fearet.
that, while apparently ono with us, ye;
in your heart you were joined to tin-
south in all her wicked designs. If I
have misjudged you, with all my hear.
I beg your pardon, but under the present
circumstances I feel entitled to domain.
an explicit avowal of your true sentiments."
"Who has warped your judgment and
your affection to me? What proof have
you that, though less enthusiastic, I am
not really as loyal to my country ss
yourself?" demanded the young man, with
much temper and embarrassment.
"Mere subterfuge," cried George. "1
did not think you would stoop to such
miserable quibbling. In your heart yon
have a meaning that your worda do not
reveal. You call the south your country, but do not recognize the north as
such, and then talk of your loyalty!"
"Again I ask, what proofs have you of
this assertion?"
"Oh, Jasper! Dear Jasper!" cried
Rose, once more starting to his side and
clasping his hands. "We ask no proofs
but your own words. Only assurs me
'on are true to our united country an(i
���eady to fight with my brothers under
;he stars and stripes, and wo ask no fut-
iher. Your love for your birthplace may
aave warped your judgment, while ail
waa uncertain and the strife had bfeu
but a war of words, but now that On
crisis has come you can no longer halt
between two opinions with honor. Why
do you hesitate? I cannot endure this
suspense I Speak, I entreat you, and end
this misery!"
"He cannot do it, my dear Bister," said
George, leading her to a seat beside her
mother. "He is joined to the south
heart and soul and has been from the
first, yet at the saine time concealing it
from you, my Rosie. Dunbur brings the
proofs such as he cannot gainsay. Be
strong, my darling. He ia not worthy
so noble a heart."
Dunbar stopped forward, and placing
a letter in Granville's hands said:
"This is from your parents, I presume.
Horton requested me to bring it to you
and at the same time boasted that you
were pledged to the cause he advocates.
The letter contains an officer's commission for you and a summons to return
south without delay."
"Curse him!" exclaimed the young
man. "But I have no wish to conceal
my sentiments, only so far as I wished
to save my darling Roso from tho pain I
know she, must feel. Yet now that the
south has taken the step sho should have
dono long ago I must act with her. I
love you all and many moro at the north,
but I do most heartily detest the principles sho would enforce. But, Rose, my
dearest one, hear me."
"Not a word! I havo no fellowship
with a traitor!"
"And no love for me, Rose?"
"No more for you aa I know you. Oh,
I thought you all that was pure, true
hearted and noble and fondly enthroned
you in my heart and worahiped you.
How fearfully am I punished for my
idolatry now that I am awakened to the
deformity of that which my blinded vision saw once so perfect I Oh, Jasper
Grenville, what desolation have you
brought on one whose only fault lay
in loving you too well!"
It were vain to describe the agony of
these young hearts. By turns he raved
and entreated, appealing one moment to
the parents and the next to Lillian, who
each repelled his attempts to enlist them,
in his behalf. Ralph's passionate defiance, George's manly remonstrance and
Mr. Newton's earnest and touching appeals to urge him back to duty were unavailing. He argued that he was acting
from solemn convictions of duty and
that nothing could be more convincing
proof of hia convictions than the fact
that by this step he destroyed every hope
of happiness he had in life, and if Rose
cast him off he should be a martyr to a
cauae he had espoused believing it to be
On the contrary, Mr. Newton assured
him, from facta which he could not gainsay that his mind had been poisoned
from earliest childhood, and now, being
called into vigorous activity, was leading
him to destroy his own peace and happiness and bring misery to those who had
so loved and trusted him.
It was distressing to witness the young
man's wretchedness when he tried to
say farewell. As he approached Rose,
in whose whole attitude scorn, disappointment, insulted affection and earnest
entreaty were all unmistakably mingled,
Ralph started to his sister's side, throwing one arm around her, and with the
other waving him off:
"Back! Do not touch her, or I shall
find it in my heart to strike you dead at
her feet! Miscreant! Traitor! Look
at your work! Reflect upon the misery
you are causing one you have so pretended to love! A southerner's hot pas-
soon, soon cooled, ready now to forsake
her true affection, forswear your country, reject her lawB and take up arnis
with a misguided mob and fight against
all that you but too well know Rose
most values. In your very first battle
you may be brought face to face in deadly conflict with the members of her own
house, and yet you have dared to ask
that she should leave us all and follow
you in your mad career."
���"ThU it from your parent*, I presume.''
With fierce gestures and passionate
manner Ralph poured out these wild
words, unheeding the excitement thoy
produced till a gasping moan from his
sister checked him, and as his mother
and Lillian placed her half fainting on
the sofa her lover sprang forward, and
kneeling at her side cried:
"Rose! Rosel my darling! Do not
cast me off I I would die to save you one
pang! God ia my witness that I speak
the truth, but my whole soul revolts at
this northern interference with southern rights. I would but givo to my native soil what your brothora have your
hearty approval to bestow on yours. Oh,
listen to me, Rose, and lovo mo still!
And when this strife is ended���and it
will not be long before southern rights
are securoly established���ah, then, my
beloved, tell me if I live I may hope to
make you my own."
It was an unfortunate speech for the
pleader, bnt it roused the spirited girl
from the heartsick lethargy which was
stealing over her, and she answered with
dignity and firmness:
"Never! But if you will lend your aid
to uphold and enforce the government
of theso United States and assist to reclaim thoso disobedient children who
have rebelled against their mother country, then all the sad misjudgmonts of
the past shall be buried forever, nover to
be recalled, and I will be to you this
hour a strue and loving a wife as man 151
ever clnimed. But', Jasper Grenville,
hear me! If you leave us to fight against
my frit-nils and country, then farewell
and foroverl From this hour we shall lie
utter strangers. I wait one moment for
your final answer���the final decision."
What u c'.irmge had this hour's agony
wrought in Rose, whose pretty, winning
ways, all softness, gentleness and love,
made her, as George used to say, "the
sunbeam" of tho houso. All looked on
in silent grief and amazement. Her
slender form seemed to expand into
queenly dignity. Her eyes, wont to
sparkle in gleeful humor, now looked
down in clear and regal light on the
recreant lover, who could not meet their
determined gaze.   Thus he stood
Like those who wait
Till judsrrfont epenks the doom of fate.
So stiii, us if no breeze nii���rh t dare
To lift one lock of raven hair.
Then turning from him with a look of
unutterable scorn she gave her hand to
Ralph to lead her from the room.
< atimation in which Mr. Newton was j littlo you have been accustomed to such
held, but aside from thi3 the intrinsic    deprivations as you must meet in that
mn. \JW"NI
Mil horse's feet rang clear on the gravel
Again with a bitter cry Jasper tried
to stay her, but Mrs. Newton laid a restraining hand upon his arm as the door
closed alter her, saying:
"This has lasted too long already. My
daughter has been sufficiently tried.
Your own act has severed all connection between us, and you must now depart. Harsh lj it may sound, my roof
cannot shelter a traitor. Our paths
from this time lead in an opposite direction. I grieve that you should be so
blinded aud that our pleasant intercourse
must cease. But you would have it so.
May God forgive you, but now farewell."
Without a word he passed out, and in
a few moments his horse's feet rang
clear on tho gravel path, and long after
ho passed tho irate could be hoard, urged
by the wretched rider into a mad gallop along the road. Little cared he if
he sped to instant destruction.
It were useless to dwell longer on the
dread notes of war, to speak of the high
enthusiasm of the young, br;:ve hearts
that paiiied to rush to the conflict
ef tho no less determined but saddened
mood of the parents, of Lillian's earnest sympathy and ever ready aid to
all, or Alfred's regret that youth debarred him from the field. Iu.-virumtion
can call up all that is left unu id, but it
cannot portray tho transformation a few
short, hours had made in Rose. From a
bright, sportive, sunny child she had
passed at once into .1 noble woman.
That Sabbath evening sho begged to
remain undisturbed, and her mother,
with a loving kiss, left her, though with
an aching heart.
But tne nest morning saw Rose at her
regular work, self possessed, but bearing unmistakable evidence of some
strange change, of a hard battle fought
and victory won. Her face was paler
than usual, nnd the merry laugh or
cheerful carols that always heralded her
approach were hushed, but no truce of
gloom or Silliness could be seen. A high
and lmly light burned in her eyes, a lofty
purpose, a consecration of all her powers to serve the noblo work spoke in every movement. She conversed as unhesitatingly as ever, was as thoughtful
of others' happiness, more so if possible, but underlying every word and act
was the- vii.ihlo evidence that her mind
was working out some plan for future
action. Her friends had agreed that no
questions should be asked, Time and
her own withes were to decide.
When the morning's work was all disposed of, and tho family gathered together for Borne-consultation beforo dinner was served, Roso quietly told her
parents that as Eustacr; and lier brothers
were to join the samo regiment the next
day she was exceedingly desirous that
Lillian's marriage should take place before they were separated. Sho begged
that this, which must bo their natural
wish, should not bo delayed out of uny
needless delicacy on her account. The
past, as far as she was concerned, must
remain a sealed book to all forever, but
if they would help her they must let her
see that their happiness was secured as
far us human foresight could secure it.
Eustace then acknowledged thut he
hod urged Lillian to consent to Ruch an
arrangement, feeling sure that her parents would think it advisable, going us
he was into imminent danger, that they
should be united beforo they left. So
the two wero quietly married. The ceremony ended, the family all escorted tho
three young men to the camp, not far
from the city, u far different bridal tour
than Eustace and Lillian hud often pictured.
Eustace had far more knowledge of
military science than most young men
who hail not intended to make it their
profession, and George's tastes and education hud inclined him to become familiar with engineering. As soon as it
was known they were ready to enter
their country's service in any capacity
they were sought after to fill important
positions in various regiments then banding together. Eustace was placed 08
colonel, und that they might be together
in the same camp George accepted a captaincy and Ralph a lieutenancy under
him rather than to enter into tho more
desirable positions that hud been offered
and be separated, This urrungement,
highly gratifying to tho parents, was
planned in part as a just tribute of the
worth of the young men and their capacities for guiding and organizing volunteers made them a most valuable acquisition whero raw troops wore liable
to be called into immediato action.
In the excitement and hurry of this
startling call for volunteers Eustace had
not forgotten to arrange his business 60-
curely, and to leave also in caso of his
full a will by which his property was
placed under Mr. Newton's care in trust
for Lillian, his wife.
A clause in the will was also executed,
known only to Lillian and placed in her
hands, securing the Montgomery property to Mr. Newton and his heirs in case
of its present owner'3 doath.
Lillian, immediately after her marriago, assumed the entiro caro of little
Jennie Lo Barron, and with her husband's approbution withdrew her from
the city school and placed her in an institution near her father's.
Of Estella Le Barron little was known.
It waB supposed she had embarked for
Europe immediately after her ill advised
marriage without, learning of the desolation of her parents' house. Some weeks
after her father's death a draft from
Paris on him had been received at the
bank whero he had so often done bus:
situation! how littlo you have seen of
wounds and pain and agony."
' 'More reason, mother, that I should
now learn. As for deprivations, have I
not known as much as have my brothers
before they left us? Our men must risk
life and limb in this struggle, and have
our women no sacrifices to make? For
some time I have been trying to find
something that I could do, and for a time
I felt my sex shut me off from every earnest manifestation of love for my country
that required any self denial. But within
a few weeks Lillian made my path clear
before me when she so earnestly besought
her husband and parents to allow her to
do what I should have done before and
would do now. The reasons that sustained her will not hold in my case.
Some must 'stay by the staff at home,
for we all know that work absolutely
necessary to the comfort and strength of
those who go out from among us is to be
done here as well as in the field."
Rose had spoken clearly and without
excitement, such as was visible among
all her listeners. All were much surprised, and after she ceased they remained silent for some moments. Then
her father, turning to Mrs. Newton, suid:
I do believe, my dear wife, that Hose
fashionable life and the ohunge to the
useful and common sense occr, _ " ^n of
their present position were so much more
congenial that they looked to the past
With no cravings or regrets.
So sped on the days at the farm.
Active labor by day for all (for Lillian
insisted on bearing her full share as
strictly as bc'r.ro her marriage had given
her competence if not wealth); at night
books und papers for the men and the
busy needle for the women.
Tho papers and news from the army
were the firat choaen and tidings from
the loved ones eagerly looked for. The
expected battle, which had so excited our
friends, was still delayed, to the great disgust and vexation of those who had
given up home and its comforts to work
for their country.
(To   00 Continued.)
nees and of course rejected, by whichit J i8 right, und hard usit will be to send her
would seem that up to that timo B.'
Courtney still BtippO; sdthathia wife wus
a millionaire's daughter. A report was
also current that Do Courtney was but
an obscure adventurer, and when he
found how ho had been overmatohed in
duplicity by tho crafty Estella he hud deserted her, saying that his wealth and
high titles were but imaginary and that
a wife and children waited for him in
This information had been communicated to Mr. Newton by Freeman, the
former partner in the old business, and
anxioti3 to ascertain if thero was any
foundation for the report he made inquiries.
Nothing satisfactory could be learned,
however. That Maud had received some
tidings of her sister was apparent, but
equally so that her husband wu3 quite
unwilling her former friends shoul 1
learn anything from them of her conui-
tion, OniJis poins for once Maud coincided with her husband. Sho cherished too bitterly the memory of her Bister's (".isuonorabio desertion to allow one
emotion of pity for her disappointment
to find a place in her heart.
The splendid equipage, costly furniture
and magnificent ntliro with which Varney had bought his bride lost thoir value,
and her heart cried out for the love she
had bo madiy thrown away. And other
sources of unhappiness opened before
her. It took not many wee.rs for her to
learn that an imbecile and superannuated
husband was not so safely scorned and
Blighted as she hud fancied. Her extravagance ho could well afford and
easl ly overlook, but contempt and insults
unhesitatingly cast upon him ho would
not brook, and tho misguided womau
was shortly mado to feel thut an old
man's unrestrained exhibition of vindictive wrath was not the least miserable
part of her existence.
Already haa the cail for hospital stores
reached every town and village, anil
many active and energetic v, :.vn wero
banned together to work for tne tick and
from us, yet I am impressed with the
idea that God bus put it iu her heart to
do her part in this great work."
"But, my dear Edward, our child has
no experience in a sickroom���not tho
least���and has she, so tenderly nurtured,
so lovingly shielded���has she nerve to
witness the shocking scenes that must
meet her eye duily?"
"Ah, my child, you could not bear it."
"Some one must, mother, and why
should I be exempt? I seek it not for
pleasure or to gratify my taste, and yet
I may find more satisfactory and abiding peace in this holy work than I ever
experienced before."
"Again, wife, I must say I think our
child judges correctly. I do not fear that
she will be injured by the mission."
"What says Lillian? Does she approve of her sister's plan?"
"Most decidedly, and I would gladly
join her myself could I gain yours and
my husband's consent. I have been
longing to repeat my first petition every
"No, no, your mother must not be left
without one daughter. We cannot spare
you both unless there are more emphatic
calls than we have yet had for assistance."
"Dear Rose," said Mrs. Newton, with
some reluctance, "you must pardon me
if before I give any answer I remind you
that should you take this step you may
have your feelings sorely tried by hearing or seeing more of Grenville than
will be for your peace of mind."
A deep flush overspread her face for a
moment, but she answered calmly: "I
understand you, my kind mother. I
have thought it all over. I make no
boast of coming through this trial unscathed. There is a sore spot still at my
heart. I have been for some time making
all needful preparations to start at a moment's notice, and now, mother, give me
your blessing and permission to start tomorrow."
"My darling child, I dare not refuse if
your heart is so moved toward this work
NOTICE is hereby givon that application
_ will bo nniile to tlie Parliament of Cun-
uila ut its next Session, for un Aot to Ineor-
ponito u Company to construct, maintain
nnd operate a Cunul or Navigation from
some point ou Burruril Inlet in or near Port
Mnuiiy in British Oolumbla, thence in an
Easterly direction to some point on Pitt
River in Township 40 or in Township it; nnd
witli power to construct und operate ull
works und structures necessary or proper
In connection therewith; to acquire by purchase, expropriation or otherwise lands for
tlie purposes of the Company and to dispose
thereof, to charge und collect tolls und dues.
to build wharves and store or warehouses;
to  build  or   purcliuse   Stcumcr   or .Sailing
Vessels, scows and   barges,   to reclaim  hinds
and foreshores 10 consti-uct und operate telegraph or telephones und to do ull other nets
inchlentul or necessary to the objects above
ment limed.
IJutod this 2nd day of November 1808
Solicitor for the applicants.
Campbell & Doherty,
The Cheapest & Largest Tailoring Houso
in the Province, employing at present
20 hands.
We make men's suits from $5 to 815 cheaper
than others, and yot make more money than "tho old
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors.
wounded .imong our  brtive defenders i  jest I bo found fighting against the di-
who nil}{lit sunn be needing this aid.
The letters tnot comforted our friends
from their absent ones almost daily
kept them very thoroughly informed of
the privations of the soldiers, and every
moment they could be spared from necessary labor was conscientiously devoted to preparing articles for those so well
deserving tue care.
One evening when the ladies were
quietly at work sewing, scraping lint or
knitting army mitti ns ami Al.rod Urgently improving the precious hours in
study Mr. Newton came iu from the
village with papers and a letter from
George, saying:
"Our buys will not complain much
longer of inactivity, I think. There is
every lndicat ion of somo i mportant movements, and if our generals lead ihe men
into tho held efficiently wc may hope
that this Bad rebellion will soon be
quelled and peace once more bless tho
George's letter was written in the hurry anil excitement of preparing his men
for action tho next day. It was short
but full uf seal and courage. Ho spoko
in high praise of tho men under hia command.
"You will have no causo to blush, dear
ones, if wo bear ourselves half as gallantly on the field us theso privates will
do. A set of more earnest, determined
men I never saw.
"It would bo glorious if ourgenerala
were OS ready to givo themselves as unselfishly to their country's service us are
our common soldiers, but I greatly fear
that at the beginning our work will be
retarded and the war protracted for
months, when weeks should end it, by
tho maneuvering of those in command,
some of whom appear to be tllinkiug far
more of their own petty political ambitions than of the glory und honor of
our country.
"My dear Lillian, if all our leaders
wero as kind, yet firm, us trustworthy
nnd pure hearted as your noble husband,
I feel that a very short lime would suffice to brinjr peace und good will onco
more to bless nur la��
Tours were falling    ilently when  the
letter was ended, but  llose's eye alone
was tiniiimi.ti.il. After a moment's pause
alio stepped softly to her mother's side,
j saying:
"1 waited hut for this, dear father und
mother, ami now I must reveal my intentions and crave your blessing, feeling
suru you will raise nu objections to that
which I solemnly believe to be iv call of
duty. I wish to offer myself us a nurse
and secure a placo near my brothers, and
if possible I would be there before any
battle,, that I may bo near whatever be
their fute. Will you let me leave tomorrow?"
"Why, my dearest Rose," exclaimed
her mother, "you could not bo ready
even if it wero wise for you to undertake
such a mission. Think how littlo you
know of nursing, my dear girl; how
rect teaching of Providence. I have tried
to give up my children cheerfully to this
good work, but I have not thought that
my daughters might bo called as well as
my sons, not but what my sons are as
precious," said tho mother, her eyes resting lovingly on Alfred.
"But, Hose, you cannot take this journey alone, and there are some preliminary step i to betaken at Washington before you will be allowed to go as nurseto
your brother's camp."
"I will go with our girl and Bee that
all is safely arranged before I leave her,"
said Mr. Newton. "But on second
thought, my child, I do not see how you
can leave as early as you desire. You
will need money. I havo but little."
"No, father, you need not trouble. You
know I have not used my pony for months
and shall have no further use for her. I
told Alfred some time ago to try and find
a purchaser for her. He has sold her for
"But, Bister," said Lillian, "this sacrifice must not bo made. You aurely will
not hesitate to let your brother Eustace
defray all your expenses."
"It is no sacrifice, sister mine. I have
not seen Fairy since���that duy" (Grenville had bought the horse at Mr. Newton's sale and presented it to Rose) "and
do not wish to."
"Well, my Rosie, you shall leave tomorrow, und our God will hove you in
his holy keeping."
Mr. Newton had no difficulty in securing u nurse's position for his daughter or
of obtaining permission for her to locate
near her brother's station.
There was great rejoicing in Dunbar's
camp when theso unexpected guests arrived and appeared before the brothers.
They said Roso was just the one needed.
There were many then in the hospital
sick and [lining for a kind word that
could cheer their hearts.
A comfortable apartment was procured for Rose in a cottage near to her
chosen labor, und then Mr. Newton reluctantly bndo his children farewell and
hastened back to the anxious friends at
homo and the increasing labors of tho
The planting was accomplished, fruit
trees blossomed and set, promising un
abundant harvest, and the strawberries
already showed bright, ruby fruit iu rich
profusion. At a suggestion from somo
horticultural friends Mr. Newton early
in tbe spring made very satisfactory arrangements for tho prompt sale of all tho
fruit he wished to dispose of, and that
encouraging and remunerative beginning
dispelled all fears for the success of the
new enterprise in which they had embarked.
The war and the absence of their children wero the only shadows over their
household, and but for that Mrs. Nowton and Lillian often said thoy should
havo been too happy. They were naturally enthusiastic lovers of tho country,
and their freedom from the shackles of
60 DAYS.
Alarm Clocks $1.25, former price $2.00.
Solid Silver, stem wind American Watch
88.00, former price $12.00. Men's Gold-
Filled (guaranteed 15 years) Waltham
or Elgin, $12.50, former price $18.00.
Rolled Gold Chains (guaranteed 5 years)
$2.00, former price $4.00.
30.percont. discount on silver and
plated goods.
Watchmaker & Jeweler.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Etc.
Factory In rear of City Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.G.
For Extra Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
Opposite Held ,t Currlc's Foundry.
SoielDs New���-Onr List
All  Wool   Business Suits $18.   Old price $25.
Irish Serge, heavy weight $20.      "     "    $30 to 35
Pino Worsted Suits, $25 to $35.      "      "    $35 to 45
All Wool 1'ants, -        $4.50.  "      "    $0.50
The fact is wo would liko to havo a look at the
man who soils chcapor than wo do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoats
to order from $14 up.
Cloth sold by the yard.   Suits cut and trimmed 11
you want to mako them at homo.
An   immense   stock  of Ready Made
Clothing Tor Men and Boys.
Snmplos and rules for self measurement sont oa
You will find ns in the Curtis Block���tbe Store with the Granite Pillars.
of Wall Paper.
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
G. F. WELCH  &  SON,
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
P. O. Box 405.
Telephone 7-4.
they are selling
100 lb. Sacks Shorts, $1 25
100   lb.   Sacks    Bran,     1  15
90 lb. sacks rolled Oats, 3 60
10O lb. sacks of Wheat, 1 5o
5 lb.  Boxes of Tea,    1 1o
So lb. mats China Rice,   1 85
Hungarian Flour, $4 70 per barrel
0 tins Tomatoes, $1 OO
11 tins;Pease, $1 oo
11  tins Corn,    1 oo
Ceylon Tea, 4o cents per lb
13 lbs Currants, $1 oo
till other Groceries at very Lowest prices for Cash
Don't forget the address:
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St
D. LYAL <fc CO.,
Of all kinds on hand.
A Call Solicited.
Columbia Street, New Westminster.
Thn Latest und Cholcost Patterns In Scotch
and English Tweeds,Etc., for fall and winter
Get Prices!
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,   Music,   eto.
Oldest, Business Premises in the City.
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try  a Pair  of $2.50 or $3.00 Pants.
A  Fine Assortment ol
Gentlemen's  Japanese   Smokina;  Jackets
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster. 8
Hti Ml\V too much.
������ Waa Me Jar, on Hit First Joonnj Aw��j
From Home, aad Didn't Hare to Show
Hia TlokoU ���He Turned Ont to Bo a
Pretty Good Sized Man After AIL
C. F. Daly, general passenger agent
of the Lake Erie and Western was standing one afternoon in the Union depot
at Kansas City. The west bound
trains had backed up on their allotted
tracks and were receiving their passengers. A tall, well dressed man with a
lady on his arm presently approached
the rear sleeper on the Burlington train.
Mr. Daly's experienced eye told him at
a glance that they were bride and
groom. Without hesitation or inquiry
of any kind the man was proceeding to
hand his bride up the steps of the Pullman sleeper when the conductor demanded his tickets.
"Oh, 1 have got my tickets all right,"
replied the tourist. "I know where I
am going, and I don't need to show my
tickets to you."
"I am very sorry at having to incon-
renience you," replied the conductor
affably, "but my instructions aro not
to allow any ono to get on my train
without first seeing his tickets."
"Thero is no law to make me show
you my tickets," growled the man. "I
haven't got to, and 1 don't mean to, 1
tell you. I know where 1 am going,
have got my tickets and am able to
take care of myself. I am no jay, out
on my first trip abroad."
"I am sorry," again replied the conductor courteously, "but my instructions are peremptory. Stand aside,
please, and let these other passengers
into the car."
"Oh, show him your tickets, dear,
nnd do not make all this fuss about so
simple a matter," sweetly remarked
the bride.
"No, I will not," replied the gentleman. "I haven't got to, and now tbat
my ire is aroused over this thing I don't
propose to back down. I know where
1 am going and how to take care of myself."
"There Is our superintendent of car
service. You may ipsak to him about
this matter," said the conductor as he
saw his superior officer approach. "If
he says you can boird the car without
showing your ticket, why, it will be
all right."
"What is the trouble here?" asked
tbe car superintendent as he came up
to see what the altercation was about.
"Your conductor demands that I
show him my ticket before 1 board the
car," replied the man. "1 say I have
not got to and do not mean to. I know
where I am going and am able to look
��� after myself."
"Have yon got yoar tickets?" asked
the superintendent.
"Yes, I have them in my pocket all
right.   I know what I am doing."
"Haveyou got your sleeping car tickets?"
"Yes, I have it all right in my pocket. It is for section 7. 1 know what 1
am doing, ( tell you."
"Oh, well, let the man on the car,"
said the superintendent "If he bas
his tickets, as. he says he has, it is not
worth while contending with him over
tiie matter and delaying the other passengers. "
The conductor stepped aside and let
the couple pass, calling the porter to
take the satchel as he did so. Presently the train pulled out of the depot and
was speeding across the prairies at a
rapid rate, when the conductor began
to collect the tickets in the sleeping
car. As he did so he noticed that all
the seats in section 7 wero occupied, and
he immediately surmised th.it there
was a peg out of place somewhere, and
that there would be more lun with the
obstreperous passenger. He kept his
counsel to himself, however, and went
on with his collections. When he
reached section 7, ho took the tickets
of the two parties occupying the seats
opposite his bridal friends, saw that
they were for that section���for the up-
por and lower berths respectively���and
his surmise was thereby developed into
a certainty. Without asking the man
again for his ticket he piisrn d through
all tho other sleeping cars on the train,
took up all tho tickets nnd found that
every berth was occuied without leaving any lor his friends.
"Tickets, please," demanded the
train conductor. The man drew forth
his pasteboards, and the conductor examined them closely.
"These tickets do not read over this
road," remarked the conductor as he
folded them up and handed them back.
"This is the direct route to Denver
from Kansas City. Your tickets read
round hy Pueblo."
"What is the fare from Kansas City
to Denver?" asked tho man.
"The tare 18(18.10," replied the train
conductor���"(80.30 for two." The
money was counted out without n word.
"Can you sell me a berth)!" asked the
man, turning to the Bleeping car conductor,
"1 am very sorry, bnt every berth on
this train is sold. The boHt 1 can do
lor you is to put you in a chair car.
There aro a fow seats still unoccupied
there. Porter, tako this gentleman's
traps to the chair car."
On reaching tho door of tho car tho
man turned, and In a tone of voice loud
enough to he hoard by ovory ono in the
car saidi
"Conductor, at tho suggestion of this
lady, my wife, 1 want to mako yon a
Humble apology for my bogjrishness for
refusing to show you my tickets in the
first place. There w.'s no occasion tor
it. 1 thought 1 could tako care of myself, but now 1 find 1 cannot. 1 have
had to pay for my ill breeding, but no
more than I deserve. 1 want to apologize as publicly as tho offense was
committed. You have acted the gentleman all through this affair, and I
now humbly apologize to you as I
ought"���Chicago Post.
Remarkable   Experiment!  Whioh   Show
How Easily the Eye Is Deceived.
Some very remarkable experiments,
which any one, with a little care, may
repeat for himself, have recently been
made on the perspective effects of color,
if on a screen of black velvet placed
about 10 feet away large letters are
pasted, some blue and some red, the letters will not appear to be at an equal
distance from the eyes. To some persons the red letters will seem nearer
than the bine letters, while to others
the contrary effect will be manifested,
the blue letters appearing nearer than
the red ones.
To produce thi* curious effect both
eyes must be used. When one eye is
closed, the letters are all seen at the
same distance. On opening the other
eye one set of letters immediately appears to take a position in advance of
the others.
The explanation offered is that a sort
of stereoscopic effect is produced in the
eye itself, depending on color. The image of a blue object is shifted by the
eye toward one side, and that of a red
object toward the other side, the cause
of the shifting being the eccentricity of
the pupil of the eye.
This eccentricity may be increased by
holding a black screen close to tho eye
so as to cover one-half of the pupil.
The effect is best viewed by screening
both pupils at the Bame time. If on
looking at blue and red letters on a black
oackground placed 10 or 13 feet away
you see the red letters nearer than the
blue ones, screen off one-half of the pupil of each eye, on the outside, and you
will then see the red letters retire behind the blue ones.
If you screen the pupils on the side
toward the nose, you will see the red
letters advance apparently still farther
ahead of the blue letters.
If, on the other hand, you naturally
see the blue in advance, screen the inner side of your pupils, and the red will
come to the front.
It has lately been shown by Dr. A.
D. Waller that very beautiful effects
can be produced with one eye alone
when, instead of letters, red or blue
rings are pasted on a background of
the opposite oolor. Placing red rings
on blue paper and using the right eye
with the inner side of the pupil covered, the appearance is that of circular
red hillocks resting upon a blue ground.
To produce this eflect in its highest
degree the paper should be held to the
left and sloping in that direction. When
the outer side of the pupil is screened,
the red ring become circular trenches in
the blue paper.���Youth's Companion.
In country places where amusement
is not abundant and people depend upon
each other for diversion, neighborly fa-
miliurity naturally flourishes, and the
habit of "running in" to visit friends
may be carried to an unpleasant excess.
A family living iu North Carolina
fonnd it something of a strain upon
their ideas of hospitality to be obliged
every day to entertain a tedious woman
of SO. The favorite hook or the necessary piece of work bad to be put nside
in order to shout bits ot conversation in
her ear.
At last the father, in desperation,
planned to go into a sudden fit of temper in the presence of the obnoxious
caller in the hope of convincing her that
they were not pleasant peoplo to visit.
Accordingly one evening, when he returned from business and found the old
lady present as usual, he began to talk
loudly and in an irritated voice. Then,
growing more excited, he stamped about
the room, knocking furniture right and
left and ended by going out and bang-
iug the door after him.
The old lady knitted away quietly
through the confusion, and when the
man was gone she turned to the family
and Baid in a comforting voice:
"I reckon it was mighty lucky I was
hero, or you'd had to tako it. But you
needn't bo frightened. I'll stay right
herewith you till he getaoverit"���
Commodores hy the Hundred.
A fellow member of the cabinet called on Secretary Herbert one day shortly
alter the inauguration. His face was
not familiar, and he was stopped at
the door.
"Are you a commodore?'* asked the
The cabinet member caught his
breath and said he wasn't.
"Then yon can't go in," said the
messenger decidedly.
It took some explanation to sot things
right. Tho cabinet member was a
'commodore. " but he did not know it.
"Commodores," in the understanding
of the navy department messengers, aie
not those of that official rank. Senators
and representatives and all of such official positions and relations as entitle
them to prompt ndmission to the secretary are "commodores."���St Louis
U lobe-Democrat
A Maine Stave Line.
There is a cross country stage line
from Abbott Village, Me., on tlie Piscataquis river, to Bingham, on the Kennebec, tho only intervening settlements
being Kingrburg and Huyfield, both
such small villages that they are scarcely distinguishable from tho surrounding
country. The length of the route is
over 88 miles, and Itisdonbt.'ultf there
ftre many more thun flO occupied dwelling houses on tho main road along the
line.���Lewiston Journal.
An Observant Michlgnmler'a Discovery.
"Did you ever notice," said M. B.
Church of Grand Rapids at the Nor-
inaudie, "that the Washington monument has the exact dimensions of an
ocean steamship? It has. It is 550 feet
loug and 88 feet at tho base. Just compare these figures with those of the leading Atlantic liners, and you will find
that they are ]ust about the same���
length 10 times the beam and depth. It
is the outcome of symmetry."���Washington Post
rile Drug Would fpera to Be Able to Hatter the Disease.
Consumption is now combated by
many specialists' using creosote. The
benefit derived from the proper employment of this drug is hardly questionable. Dr. Warner, consulting physician
to the French Hospital, New York city,
writes to The Medical Journal: "During a somewhat extensive employment
of this remedy in phthisis for the past
four years, both in hospital and in private practice, I have watched with
great encouragement the steady gain in
the results obtained, but it has been
only during the latter half of the time
that the positive value of creosote as an
agent for combating most powerfully
the effects of this disease has been made
apparent Formerly my custom was to
administer the drug in small doses, exceptionally giving more thau Bix or eight
minims daily. During the last couple
uf years, however, the doses have been
largely increased with correspondingly
better results." Some specialists ox-
'ilnin the favorable action of creosote in
lessening the bronchial secretion and
improving the appetite. Other observers, however, bolieve in a distinctively
curative value of the remedy.
Dr. Warner wri tea:'' The general eon-
dition of tho patient, as a rule, rapidly
improves. In some cases the appetite
is bettor, the cough nt lirst becomes less
during the daytime, while remaining
quite tis beforo during the night. Aftpr a
lime, however, it also lessens at night.
If the sputum has been tinged with
i.lood, this condition disappears, contrary to what might be expected, as cre-
osoto is said to congest the bronchial
mucous membrane, and while at lirst
tho sputum is not much lessened, if at
ail, Ita character is changed���from being thick aud yellow���muco-purulent,
in fact���it becomes thinner, hothy and
contains less solid matter.
In no case where previously attacks
of hemoptysis���spitting of blood���had
occurred have they taken place after
the creosote treatment has been established. The night sweats grow less and
in many cases entirely disappear, and
after awhile there is a total ubsence of
the daily fever. The weight of the patient always increases nt lirst. then it is
apt to remain stationary, and in exceptional cases may lessen, and then a gradual increase takes place. The first increase in weight is no doubt due to the
impingement in appetite und the greater ability of the patient to properly assimilate the food consumed."
Large amounts of creosote may be retained without discomfort, one of Dr.
Warner's patients reaching a daily
amount of 216 minims. A valuable aid
to the internal administration of creosote is fouud by the coincident use oi
antiseptic inhalations of creosote. "My
custom is to use creosote combined either with terebene or ether in a 50 per
cent solution, 10 or 15 minims dropped
on tbe sponge of a Robinson's inhaler,
and employed every second or third
hour, and in some instances where
marked benefit has been derived from
the employment of this measure the
respirator has been worn almost constantly." is the testimony of the doctor.
He tried also tho effect, in a large
ward of a hospital, of allowing an antiseptic mixture to simmer gently over
a low (ire during the night. This mixture generally consisted of oil of eucalyptus, carbolic acid and turpentine.
A drum each of the first two and two
ilruins of the last were put in about a
quart of water in a shallow dish and
heat applied. The effect w is to fill the
ward with u pniment, arouatic vapor,
which bas a markedly restful action,
coughing being not nearly so general or
frequent���New York Ledger,
Reducing Vlbrutlon In Railway Cars.
A new invention embodies a principle which will commend itself to all
railway travelers. It is songllt to lessen tho discomfort and annoyance of
travel on many lines on which there is
excessive vibration by the construction
of u piieunmitc car "which embraces
Ihe application of an elastic liuid an an
absorbent for vibration and oscillation." An air cnr.mon is arranged on
tlie cellular principle between the cat
I ody and the truck Inline, and as there
Is an equal distribution of air under
varying presanroH all oscillation is prevented, ibis elnatic uieuauu ia said to
completely absorb all vibration re. :lt-
i" : Iroin rough tracks, joiiitingof rails.
exessive spiisil or any other cause, iir.u
the cur is carried smoothly and st.adilj
along. This pneumatic system can be
equally well applied to street cars, ami
Instances are not hard to Bud in which it
unquestionably should lie.���Exchange.
An Kustern Dainty.
The Chinese are certainly a strange
people���strange in appearance, customs
and tastes. One of their greatest delicacies of food, regarded from u t'h .use
epicure's point of view, is "milhi,"
u nich, in plain English, means "newborn mice, yot blind." These are placed
alive on little trays and set before micb
guest, who dips them one at u time into
a.jar of honey and then BWIil lows the
i i ny creatures. When the emperor's wed-
ii: rig was celebrated a lew years ago.
50.000 of tho helpless creatures were
thus consumed.���New York Heruld.
Novel Way of Selling a Corn Curer.
A gentleman who has bepii traveling
in Prance relates that in Paris the bar
her who was shaving bim stepped two
or three times upon tho side of his loot.
At last the customer called out:
"Please don't do that any morel I
have a corn."
"Exactly what I was trying to find
out, monsieur," said tho barber blandly. "We havo an excellent preparation
for removing corns, for sale at a franc
per bottle. "���Texas Sittings.
A Childish Miracle.
Father���My boy, who is only three
years old, said to mo this morning���
(tells tho same old story).
Friend���Yes, and isn't it strango that
a child only il years old can repeat jokes'
that are at least 20 years old?���Hallo.
The Whole Glnbo Flays Him Serving Man
to Spread His Table.
Without being luxurious, the whole
globe has played him serving man to
spread his table. Russia gave tho hemp,
or India or South Carolina the cotton,
for that cloth which his wife lays upon
it. The eastern islands placed there
those condiments and spices which were
onoe the secret relishes of the wealthy.
Australian downs send him frozen mutton or canned beef, the prairies of
America meal for his biscuit and pudding, and if be will eat fruit the orchards of Tasmania and the palm
woods of the WeBt Indies proffer delicious gifts, while the orange groves of
Florida and of the HesperideB cheapen
for his use those "golden apples" which
dragons used to guard. '
His coffee comes from where jeweled humming birds hang in the bowers of Brazil, or purple butterflies flutter amid tha Javan mangroves. Great
clipper ships, racing hy night and day
under clouds of cauvas, convey to him
the tea from China or Assam, or from
the green Singhalese hills. Tho sugar
which sweetens it waB crushed from
canes that waved by the Nile or the
Orinoco, and tho plating of tho spoon
with which he Btirs it was dug for
him from Mexican or Nevildan mines.
Tho currants in his dumpling are a
tribute from classic Greece, and his
tinned salmon or kippered herring a token from the seaB und rivers of Canada
or Norway. He may partake, if he
will, of rice that ripened under the hot
skies of Patna or Rangoon, of cocoa,
that "food of the gods," plucked under
tbe burning blue of the equator. For
his rasher of bacon the hog express runs
daily with 10.000 gr-nting victims into
Chicugo. Dutch or Brittany hens have
laid him eggs, and Danish cows grazed
the daisies of Elsinore to produce hia
cheese and butter.
If he drinks beer, it is odds that Belgium and Bavaria have contributed to
it the barley and tho hops, und when he
has finished eating it will be the Mississippi Hats or tho gardens of the Antilles that fill for him his pipe with the
comfortiug tobacco.���Sir Edwin Arnold
in Longman's Magazine.
Requisites of the Stage,
One may say, "The requisites of success on the stage are youth, health, good
elocutionary talents and practiced skill,
good looks and dramatic instinct. " Then
it could be replied that it a person possessed this combination he or sbo need
give himself or herself no further concern as to success. It is absolutely secure���as secure as an income from
$50(1.000 of government bonds, and that
to u poison just starting out on u stage
enreer and anxious to make a good living out of it such preliminary conditions aro as remote as the big bank balance to the new beginner in commercial
It is really the case tbat most of the
conditions that qualify for stage success huve to be worked for. Tbis sort
of instruction may uot be imparted by
professional teachers at so much a les-
���011. but it proceeds from teachers all
the same, whether voluntary or involuntary, since all human beings are continually not only receiving bat giving
lessons.���Rose Coghlan.
The Oldest. Trees In the World.
The bo tree of Anuradapura was
planted 288 (should be 2-15, DavidB)
j( ,irs before Christ. Its age is matter
uf record, its conservancy lias been an
object of solicitude to several dynasties,
and the story of its vicissitudes has
been preserved in a series of continuous
chronicles among the most authentic
that have been handed down by mankind. The yew trees of Fountains abbey are believed to have flourished there
1.200 years ago. The olives in the
garden of Gethsemane wero full grown
when the Saracens were expelled from
Jerusalem, and the cypress of Soma, in
Lombard}', is said to have been a tree
in the time of Julius Ctesur, yet the
bo tree is older than the old :.t of these by
a century, and would almost seem to
verily llie prophecy pronounced when
it was planted���that it would "flourish
and bo green forever."���Rhys Davis'
Crrnses In Drawing*.
Creases in drawings, engravings, etc.,
may be leveled out by following these
instructions: Fasten tho eugraving or
drawing by drawing pins on a board,
lace downward on a sheet of papers on
the back place another sheet of paper
whicli retains a very slight quantity of
moisture. Over this place flannel or
blotting paper, and taking a hot iron
pass it carefully over the part where
ihe creases have been made until they
disappear, and then submit the drawings or engravings to pressure between
printer's glazed boards.���Brooklyn Eagle.
We Like Olives.
This country has become within three
decades one of the most important olive
consuming countries of the world. When
ol ves were first imported into the United States, they were a luxury of the
rich. They aro still consumed in cities
rutlier thun in tho country districts,
aud New York, with its great population of people from tho Mediterranean
regions, is of all Amorican cities by far
the greatest consumer of olives.���Chicugo Herald.
He���What disagreeable things that
Miss Smarte enn say I 1 heard her say
after the party last night she was surprised that I had made such a fool of
She���Oh, I wouldn't mind. She never
would have said it bad she known you
thoroughly.���Boston Transcript.
Distressing- Airs.
"How long," sayB a contemporary,
"can one live without air?" It depends on the air. Most people could live
a long time without some of the airs
which have been popular during the
past 12 months.���Buffalo Quips.
Are about  making  a  change in their business,
they are offering their entire stock of
Ladies' 85.00 Shoes Reduced to $4.00.
"       $4.00
"       $3.00
"       $2.00
Mens'     $4.00 Boots
Boys1 $2.50 School Boots
"      $1.50       "
Any person  wishing Boots,   Shoes or Slippers, now is their
chance  as  the  stock  is  all  new and from the best
Manufacturers in Canada.
A Pointer to
Before sending east for your supply of Boots and Shoes,
Write or Gall on us
And we will give you better bargains than  you will  be  able
to obtain in the east.    Our stock is large and all new
and we are bound to dispose of it before
making the contemplated
change  in  our
Columbia Street,
New Westminster, B. C.


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