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The Pacific Canadian Dec 15, 1916

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Provincial fcibraty, Victoria,  B.I.
Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Dec. 15,  1916.
Number 41
In any other time but war time, such political
changes and developments as' one week sufficed to
bring about, without a revolution, without a general
election, without even a vote in the House, in the parent and model constitutional government of the world,
that of Great Britain, would have been impossible���
in fact, in all the circumstances, is almost inconceivable. What was essentially a strong Liberal Government under Premier Asquith, with a Conservative
coalition element voluntarily admitted since the outbreak of the war, has found itself, on account of inter
nal disagreements with regard to the conduct of the
war, suddenly disintegrated and replaced by a new
Government headed by the most radical and dynamic
Liberal of the late Asquith Administration, David
Lloyd-George, with a distinctively Conservative, even
Tory, setting and support; while a large portion of the
Liberal following of the late Asquith Ministry has been
forced into a position of nominal Opposition.
Another startling feature of the dramatic political
developments of a week at London is the cutting down,
in the formation of the new Goverment, of the old
time-honored Cabinet of over twenty members to a
bare five, constituting the new war Cabinet of Great
Britain, of whom but three -Lloyd-George, Lord Mil-
ner, and Mr. Henderson���will, it is stated, devote all
their time to the war Council, the others being relieved
from constant attendance on account of other departmental duties. The war triumvirate, therefore, on
account of Lloyd-George's dominant personality and
practically unhampered position, will in effect probably, as is suggested, be more in the nature of a
dictatorship, with the colleagues of the new Premier
in the war Cabinet���Lords Curzon and Milner, Andrew
Bonar Law, and Arthur Henderson (the latter Labor's
representative)���registering his decisions.
The Cabinet and Ministry as a whole, is thus
posed: David Lloyd-George, Premier; Lord Curzon,
President of the Council; Lord Milner, without portfolio; Andrew Bonor-Law, Chancellor of the Exchequer; Arthur Henderson, without portfolio. Lord
Curzon will be leader in the House of Lords and
Bonar-Law leader in the House of Commons. The
other members of the Ministry not in the war Cabinet
are as follows: Lord High Chancellor. Sir Robert
Bannatyne Finlav; Secretary of State for Home Department, Sir George Cave; Secretary of State for
Foreign Affairs, Arthur J. Balfour; Secretary of State
for the Colonies, Walter Hume Long; Secretary of
State for War; the Earl of Derby; Secretary of State
for India, Austen Chamberlain; President of the Local
Government Board, Baron Rhondda; President of the
Board of Trade, Sir Albert Stanley; Minister of Labor,
John Hodge; First Lord of the Admiralty, Sir Edward
Carson; Minister of Munitions, Dr. Christoper Addison; Minister of Blockade, Lord Robert Cecil; Food
Controller, Baron Devenport; Shipping Controller, Sir
Joseph Paton McLay; President of the Board of Education, Herbert A. L. Fisher; First Commissioner of
Works, Sir Alfred M. Mond; Chancellor of the Duchy
of Lancaster, Sir Frederick Cawley; Postmaster-General, Albert Illingworth; Minister of Pensions, George
N. Barnes; Attorney-General, Sir Frederick E. Smith;
Solictor-General, Gordon Hewart, K.C.; Secretary for
Scotland, Mr. Monro; Lord Advocate, James A. Clyde,
K.C; Solicitor-General for Scotland, Thomas B. Morrison, K.C; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Henry E.
Duke; Lord Chancellor for Ireland, Ignatius J. O'Brien, K.C
Lord Northcliffe, whose cons tant agitation through
the group of leading English newspapers that he controls had not a little to do with bringing about the
British Cabinet crisis, is authority for the following
outline of Premier Lloyd-George's war programme:
1. The arming of merchantmen to fight the submarine peril. 2. Preparation for the spring offensive.
3. Mobilization of the civil population between the
ages of 16 and 60. 4. Making over of the blockade.
5. Rationing of the people by the issue of food tickets.
v 6. Increasing of home food production. 7. Banning
of work immaterial to the war. 8. Enforcing of the
prohibition of luxuries. 9. The institution of meatless
days. The immediate putting into effect of Home
Rule for Ireland is said to be another.
One certainty emerges from the . great political
crisis and its immediate result in the foimation of
this new and remarkable coalition, in which such
strong and staunch statesmen as Premier Asquith, Sir
Edward Grey, and Reginald McKenna temporarily disappear, to be replaced by Lloyd-George, Balfour and
Bonar-Law as Premier, Minister of Foreign Affairs,
and Chancellor of the Exchequer, respectively���and
that is, iha Lloyd-George is ihe pivot and king-pin of
the n^vv combination, the one man who gives significance, coherence, and iustifica ion  to -the  startling
Commenting on the inhuman brutality of the Germans in their latest outrage upon the unfortunate civil
population of Belgium and Northern France, in their
power���tearing them from their homes and families
and deporting them by hundreds of thousands into virtual slavery, in spite of international law and precedent, the Presbyterian finds an interesting parallel for
savage ferocity and inhuman barbarity between modern Germany and ancient Assyria.    It says:
In ancient days, when cruelty was the commonest
of sins, when war was waged without regard to any
considerations of humanity, there was one nation
which had a bad pre-eminence for the remorseless rigor
of its policy and the ferocitv of its fighting men. That
nation was Assyria. Naturally a people of a powerful
and rugged type, the Assyrians developed into a great
military nation. As we are told in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible, "the King of Assyria was primarily
a general. The army always played the chief role in
In Professor J. F. McCurdy's "History, Prophecy
and the Monuments," the outstanding characteristics
of the Assyrians are set forth in a striking paragraph:
"The singleness and intensity of purpose, along with
comprehensiveness and magnitude of aim and plan,
and swiftness of decision and energy of action, compel
our attention,and excite our admiration. On the other
hand, the relentless repression of all opposition, the
disregard of the rights of others, the remorseless
cruelty shown to enemies, and the sober and sincere
earnestness with which all this was carried out in the
name of the gods, make us recoil with horror."
One cannot read these sentences without being
struck with the parallel which they suggest between
the Assyrians of three thousand years ago and the
Germans as we know them to-day. Both in the qualities which "excite our admiration" and those which
"make us recoil with horror," the description of the
one can be applied to the other almost line for line and
word for word.
While the Assyrians from the beginning of their
history were expert in the arts of cruelty, they succeeded, in the course of the years, in developing a new
form of "frightfulness." In professor H. P. Smith's
Old Testament History it is described as follows: "This
policy was nothing less than the deportation of the inhabitants of a province, or a considerable fraction of
them, and the settlement of them among strangers at
a distance from their home. In their new situation
thew would be unable to make common cause with
their fellow subjects and the throne would be secure.
The ingenuity of the measure was not greater than its
Professor McCurdy, in the work from which we
have already quoted, speaks of this deportation policy
as the climax of all civic and domestic horrors." He
is wrong. It has been reserved for our modern Assyrians to cap the climax. We are informed that up
to the present time the Germans have deported from
Belgium about 350,000 men. These unfortjnates are
torn from their homes, separated from their families
and friends, and forced to live among a hostile people
of unfamiliar speech. In these measures the Germans
have followed faithfully the Assyrian example. But
they have bettered their pattern. The Kaiser has
eclipsed Sargon. Not only are the Belgians carried
away captive into a strange land. They are compelled
to labor there for their captors. Directly or indirectly,
by working in munition factories or by releasing men
from other employments, they are obliged to assist in
the German military operations. Under constraint
they are helping to rivet the fetters of their own national bondage. No wonder the deportation of the
Belgians is spoken of as the "crowning infamy" in the
long black German record.
If the Presbyterian had access to the Kaiser and
his counsellors, we would advise them to read the Book
of Nahum and remember that the providential government of the world follows the same principles from age
to age. Nahum foresaw the doom that would descend
upon cruel Assyria. "Thy shepherds slumber, O King
of Assyria; thy nobles shall dwell in the dust; thy
people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man
gathering them. There is no healing of thy bruise;
thy wound is grievous; all that hear the bruit of thee
shall clap their hands over thee; for upon whom hath
not thy wickedness passed continuously?"
transposition. And another certainty follows: That
a new decision, energy, vigor, and determination will
shortly be infused into the whole conduct of the war;
for those are the qualities that Lloyd-George has manifested in a pre-eminent degree in the many important
activities in connection with the war that were from
time to time entrusted to him.
British Columbia farmers, says the Omineca Herald, are losing thousands of dollars each year by planting imported seed, instead of home-grown acclimatized
seed. For those who will take necessary care and do
the little extra work required, it suggests, there is big-
money in producing seed of all kinds.
The movement gathers wav in Britain, notes an exchange, to make one of the Allies' conditions of peace
the handing over of German merchant ships, ton for
ton, to replace Allied vessels illegally torpedoed. It
would not do for the Government to announce the con
dition until it is able to enforce it, but the prospect
should be made known in Germany.
For the first time in history, observes a contemporary, a Liberal premier is at the head of affairs in Russia. From the recent disturbances in the Duma it
would appear that there was some truth in the rumors
of pro-German influence in Russia and that there was
a section of the Duma which favored a separate" peace.
Russia is more determined now than ever to see the
war through.
In compliance with the ruling regarding the liquidation of British business undertakings in Germany,
the residue of Prince von Blucher's estate will be sold
at public auction by order of the chancellor." Thus
the irony of fate will have it that, just about a hund-
dred years after his grandsire and the first bearer of
the title, Prince von Blucher, better known as Marshal
Vorwaerts, by his timely arrival at Waterloo, helped
Wellington defeat Napoleon, his descendants are adjudged "hopelessly Anglicized," and their property
in Germany is dealt with like that of any other enemy.
While the Grand Forks Sun would have liked to
have seen the representative of that constituency "in
the first Liberal Ministry oi the Province," it concedes
that ' 'the selections made by Premier Brewster, however, can be heartily endorsed by all sections of the
Province. They are all strong men, and the new
Government should have smooth sailing." The Prince
Rupert News pertinently observes, in effect, that the
new Cabinet includes, among others, all the men that
every one assumed must be included in the first Liberal Government, and points out that the new men
chosen are also the right stuff.
As a corrective to the alarmist or pessimistic idea
that Germany's spectacular drives against the more
.vulnerable smaller powers engaged in the great struggle are going to have any more serious effect in the
long run than delaying to some extent the inevitable
victory of the Allies, the following comment on the
situation from the British military strategical point of
view is worth perusing and considering: "Every capable strategist in the world will understand that Germany is incomparably our strongest enemy. She is
the most formidable military power ever known. We
cannot beat her by tickling her extremities; we can
beat her only by striking in a military sense at her
heart. * * * Not the least of Germany's weaknesses to-day is that circumstances deprive her of
striking at the hearts of her principal enemies. She
is on the defensive at every point where it really matters in the long run. Military wild goose chases will
not help her on the final showing. Indeed, this wastage of strength on her part causes the contrary of
concern to the Allied staffs."
The Nelson News (Conservative) is dissatisfied with
Premier Brewster's Cabinet, which it calls a "political
Cabinet," and says Mr. Brewster has catered to Van- ^
couver and the Lower Mainland" and "has sacrificed
the Interior." The News is evidently thinking and
talking in terms of sectionalism, but, even judged by
that secondary consideration as compared with essential qualifications for Cabinet positions, the make-up
of the Cabinet could not well have been fairer. The
Lower Mainland, including Vancouver's two, was accorded just three Cabinet representatives, and Vancouver, besides having the men who were qualified and
could not be overlooked, comprises at least a fourth of
the population of the Province; the Interior got two,
the Island got two, and the West Coast section got
one. The only possible change in the direction of satisfying our Nelson contemporary's sectionalistic aspirations would have been to have given one of Vancouver's representatives to the Interior ��� to Nelson,
perhaps, which, unfortunately for that suggestion,
was one of the few constituencies that took the News'
advice and stuck to the sinking Bowser derelict. Pwl
New Westminster. B.( . Dec. 15 M16
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, li. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, I/ri).
GHO. KENNEDY, - - Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three mbnths; 10c. per month:  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
The great Murderer of Europe, believing that he
has just given another impressive demonstration, in
Roumania, of his ability to keep on murdering and
outraging indefinitely, unwhipt of the law, but knowing in his inmost soul that the shadow of the gallows
lies just before, susptnds his butcheries for a moment
and flutters a white flag of truce with bloody hands as
an intimation to the stern ministers of justice who are
on his track that he would like to make terms as a victorious and successful murderer, whereby he may not
only escape punishment due but enjoy the fruits of
his crimes.
That is about the true meaning and significance of
the mendacious, blasphemous, impudent, and hypocritical so-called peace overtures that the Kaiser's
Chancellor, von Bethman-Hollweg, early this week,
ostentatiously caused to be proclaimed to the Entente
Allies and to the world. The announcement was made
by the Chancellor at a specially summoned meeting of
the Reichstag, Tuesday morning, in characteristically
unctuous and florid phrase, that ' 'Germany, together
with her allies, conscious of their responsibility before
God, before their own nations, and before humanity,
had proposed to the hostile powers to enter into peace
negotiations." The note itself, after hypocritically
deploring that "The most terrific war ever experienced
in history has been 1 aging for the last two years and
a half over a large part of the world, * * * which
injures the most precious achievements of humanity,"
arrogantly and untruthfully declares: "Our aims are
not to shatter nor annihilate our adversaries, in spite
of our consciousness of our military and economic
strength and our readiness to continue the war (which
has been forced upon us) until the bitter end if necessary. At the same time, prompted by the desire to
avoid further bloodshed and make an end to the atrocities of war, the four allied powers propose to enter
forthwith into peace negotiations."
The terms following the preamble, based upon insolence and lies, are hardly worth inquiring into. In
a word, they propose a return to the situation existing
before the war, the occupied portions of Belgium and
France to be lestored by Germany (not including Al-
scace-Lorraine, of course), in return for her captured
colonial possessions; two buffer kingdoms, doubtless
under German control, to be carved out of western
Russia; and the complicated Balkan situation to be
settled by the peace conference. Any terms at all,
however, with Germany, except those dictated to her
with a halter round her neck, would be treason to our
own and our Allies' heroic dead, to humanity, and to
posterity. Germany, in her present spirit and under
her present rulers, can no more be treated with than
a mad dog or a murdering maniac running at large.
She must be accorded the same treatment as they.
Germany is doubtless perfectly well aware, or
should be by this time, that her insulting and hypo-
critical "peace overtures" will receive no more attention than they deserve. They are intended mainly to
throw dust in the eyes of their own people and of the
neutrals. The result throughout the British Empire
and the Allied countries generally should and doubtless will be a renewed and more grim determination
than ever to bring the world's great and evidently ye?
unrepentant criminal to full and exact justice.
In the French reorganization for the war, General
J off re has been superceded as commander-in-chief by
Gen. Nivelle, commander of the French troops at Verdun, which is said to be the first step toward the reorganization of the higher command. Gen. J off re will
be technical military adviser to the re-formed French
Government, and will participate as such in the meetings of the new war committee of five.
After applying in vain to the late Provincial Government to have their pay and conditions of work
standardized with those of the C. P. R. employees, the
trainmen and other employees of the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway Company presented their case before
the new Government, and Hon. Mr. Oliver, Minister
of Railways, after going thoroughly into the matter,
concluded that the men were entitled to what they
asked, and granted thei, reqiies accordingly, which
means better oav all round.
Lord Shaughnessy is credited with the post mortem
observation, at London, recently, anent the firing of
Sir Sam Hughes, late Minister of Militia, that "his removal will increase both harmony and efficiency," and
further: "He was unable to work in accord with his
Cabinet colleagues. He antagonized the military authorities here (London) and his  relations  with the
Round or
Cake Pans, plain tubed and scalloped, 15c to 50c each
Story Cake Pans, round and square,    40c to 75c each
Cooks Knives, Mixing Spoons, Kitchen Forks, Etc,
Anderson   (St  Lusby
634  Columbia St.
Royal City Pork Butche/s
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
, l��������������<��������������0^������iMOH����<f><^+4++4+����4+��+<����^
Canadian forces in Europe became at least astonishingly inharmonious. I consider Sir Robert Borden
showed singular patience in dealing with him.'' Yes,
a patience amounting to weakness, which resulted in
serious prejuice to the vital interests that Sir Sam had
so long under his muddling control.
The Conservative Opposition has wisely concluded
not to waste time, energy and money, besides inflicting the same inconvenience and loss upon the country,
by contesting the return of the members of Premier
Brewster's Cabinet, who have to go back for re-election. The shadow of a contest in Vancouver at the
instigation of an alleged discontented Liberal minority
has also happily vanished as a result of the Government's prompt action in appointing a judicial commission to clear p the long-standing "plugging" complications . So to-morrow, nomination day in all but one
of the by-elections (Prince Rupert, or the Skeena
Riding), will, from present appearances, record the
return by acclamation of seven out of the eight Ministers going back to their constituents.
PHONES  15 and 16
 Dealers in	
;    Crushed Rock, Sand and   Gravel.   Lime,   Cement. Plaster. Drain Tile. Etc.
"     Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada, accompanied by Mr. R. B. Bennett, head of the National
Service Board, has arrived in the Province on a tour of
the west, addressing patriotic meetings at all the principal points in behalf of the national service project.
Premier Brewster was invited by telegram, some time
in advance, and accepted, to participate in a meeting
to be held to-morrow night in the Royal Victoria
Theatre. The Provincial Government proposed to
mark the occasion by an official welcome to the Premier of Canada. Sir Robert Borden arrived at New
Westminster by the C. N. R.. this morning, and was
met at the depot by the Mayor and a number of the
Aldermen, and later proceeded to Vancouver, where
he will address a patriotic meeting In Wesley Church,
this evening.
��� 902 Columbia Street
New Westminster, B. C.
A movement, which has been brewing for some
time, is now fairly under way both in this city an d
Vancouver, looking to a change with regard to the
weekly half holiday established by Act of the Legislature at last session. Under the Act, the various
cities of the Province decided by plebiscite, last summer, to adopt Saturday afternoon (which includes the
evening) as the weekly half holiday, with a consequent closing of all businesses, with a few special
exceptions, from 1 p. m. on that day. Not a few of
the merchants both here and in Vancouver desire a
change, and, if they can get the necessary ten per
cent, of the ratepayers and householders on a petition
to that effect, it is proposed to submit the question to
a plebiscite again in both cities, on Jan. 11th next, as
between Saturday or some other day for the weekly
half holiday,
A meeting will be held at the Liberal Club rooms.
Westminster Trust Building, this evening, of representative Liberals of the New Westminster Federal
District to take steps with regard to organization.
Special Jriday and Saturday
Charles Chaplin
"Behind the Screen"
First Time Shown in This City
TJfonday and Uuesday, *Dec. 18-19 ���
ti ik-
Admiral Arbuthnot Chapter, I.O.D.E.
Vivian Martin
Admission:-Matinees 2 to 6 p.m., Adults 10c, Children 5c
Evenings all seats 15c VU/3
New Westminster. B.C.. Dec. 15, 1916
tie New Westminster Musical Club
ggv"�� itsjfirst recital of the season on
Wednesday afternoon in the assseinbly
hall of Columbian College.
Last week's donations to the Prisoners
of War Fund totalled $71, which included collections from a number of social
and patriotic organizations in  the city.
The Business Girls' Club will hold a
sale of fancy articles and candy in the
Y.W.C.A. club rooms on Saturday afternoon, Dec. 16, from 3 to 6 o'clock.
Mr. D. K. McTagart, head of the so-
called Vancouver "purity squad," finally decided that it was "up to him" to
oppose Hon. Mr. Macdonald in the by-
election .
At a brief session of the Court of Revision of the householders' voters' list,
held at the City Hall, Monday, one name
of a man deceased was struck from the
lint and the balance of the list confirmed.
Sir Wm. MacKenzie, President of the
C. N. R., was in the city today and
yesterday, conferring with the Mayor
and Aldermen relative to unsettled
right-of-way, terminal, and taxation
A sale of home cooking in aid of the
Y.W.C.A. will be held on December ll,
when mince pies will be the feature.
Plans are being made for the annual
Christmas tree and Christmas Day festivities at the Y.W.C A.
The death occurred at Cloverdale, suddenly, on Tuesday last, of Miss Kather-
iue Draper, formerly of this city, of the
school teaching staff, Cloverdale. The
funeral was held, yesterday afternoon,
to the Church of Bngland cemetery.
The Admiral Arbuthnot Chapter, *Dau-
ters of the Empire, have taken over the
Edison Theatre on Monday and Tuesday,
Dec. 18 and 19. Vivian Martin will be
seen in the great play, "Her Father's
The Local Council of Women have ap
pointed Mrs. C. A. Welsh as representative from the Council to the convention
of Women's Councils to be held shortly
in Ottawa. The annual meeting of the
Local Council will be held in January.
Mr. E. M. Wiltshire, of Burquitlam,
has received word from his two sons,
Walter and Frank, who went to England
with the 131st Fraser Valley Battalion,
that they expected to leave shortly for
France with a draft from the 131st to reinforce the 47th Battalion.
Mr. Edwin Moody, of Port Kells, has
received word that his brother Ernest
has been killed in action at the front.
Another brother, Fred, is also with the
colors. F. G. Wakelin is another Port
Kells resident who is reported as having
been killed at the front.
Pte. Joseph Fraukey, 242nd Forresters
Battalion, died at a Montreal hospital,
on Sunday last, of meningitis. Prior ta
enlisting he was mill foreman with the
Hyland Lumber Co. He had resided in
this city for three years. He leaves a
wife, who resides at 428 Eleventh st,
Mr. C. H. Stuart-Wade, a resident of
the Sapperton district, has announced
his candidature for a seat on the City
Council for 1917. He is president of the
Sapperton Ratepayers' Association and
was for many years publicity commissioner of the citv and secretary of the
Board of Trade.
The official paper of the 225th Kootenay Battalion, Queen's Park, made its
first appearance in this citv this week.
It is named "The Mountaineer," and is
a bright eight-page paper full of interesting battalion gossip. On the front
page is a cut of Lieut.-Col. Joseph Mackay, officer commanding.
Mystic Shriners from Seattle, Tacoma
and Portland, as well as from New Westminster, Vancouver and Victoria were
present in this city in large numbers ou
Saturday attending a ceremonial session
in Masonic Hall. Hon. Thomas Taylor
of Gizeh Temple, Victoria, presided. In
the evening the visitors were entertained
at a banquet.
Hon. John Oliver, M. P. P., Minister
of Agriculture, and the representative of
Dewdney, has written to the Coquitlam
Council, asking for instructions on   any
Resolution of Sympathy with Relatives
of Departed Heroes Passed���Delegate
Appointed to Wait on Premier Brewster re Steel Industry.
Among the most important proceedings
of the City Council, at its last regular
meeting, on Monday night, was the passing of a resolution by a standing vote, of
heartfelt sympathy with all relatives of
departed heroes, who have paid the supreme sacrifice in the service of the Empire. The City Clerk was also instructed,
in this connection, to bring before the
Council the names of all those who pay
the supre' . ��� sacrifice in the future, when
similar r'-jiutious will be passed. The
names will also be placed upon the minutes and copies of the resolution sent to
the relatives. The Clerk was also instructed to secure all information obtainable for the compiling of a civic honor
Aid, Jardine, on motion, was appointed
by the Mayor to represent this city on
the deputation to wait on Premier Brew-
ster, on Thursday, at Victoria, to urge
that some action be taken toward the establishment of the iron smelting industry
in this Province.
The Council endorsed the action of the
Harbor Committee to take up with the
liurnaby Council the question of paying
part of the expenses in connection with
the C.N.R. appeal cases in the Supreme
Court of Canada, Mayor Gray suggesting
that it was just as important to Burnaby
that these appeal cases be won as it was
to New Westminster.
The Council made a donation of $25 to
the local Anti.Tuberculosis Society for
charitable work.
It was decided that a list of "don'ts"
for [fire protection, prepared by Fire
Chief Watson and Building Inspector
Tumbull, shall be printed and 3,000 distributed among householders.
Several requests from ratepayers were
dealt with by the Council, as follows:
The application from the Heaps Engineering Co for a 4-inch water pipe for
fire protection to the plant on Lulu Island was referred to the Water Committee.
The Light Committee was instructed
to report on the offer of G. Allers Hankey
to transfer one of the Hotel Russell light
standards on Alexander street to replace
one recently broken on Columbia street
in an automobile collision.
Mr. A. R. Agar asked for   some   new
planking on Salter street,   Lulu   Island
The Board of Works will report.
The petition for a new light on Sixth
and Blackford streets was referred to
the Light Committee.
The Finance Committee will look into
the request from the Columbia Products
Company, who asked that the water and
light accounts be in the hands of the
company on or before the second of the
The Market Clerk reported that the
sum of $251.05 had been collected at the
City Market during the month of November, and the Librarian reported that
the total number of 2,730 books were
used last month.
The milk report for the month of November, as reported by the city bactero-
logist through Aid. McAdam, chairman'
of the Health Committee, was satisfactory, both as to butter fat test and bacteria.
write that the Council would be pleased
to meet Mr. Oliver at his convenience to
discuss matters.
When you want engineering, architectural, legal or medical service, you would
not think of dealing with anyone who
practicised these callings as a side Hue,
hut would consult a practical man who
had spent years in studying liis profession
Apply the same rule to the important
matter of insurance, and insure with Alfred W. McLeod, the Insurance Man.
On the recount, before County Court
Judge Lapman, Wednesday, R. H.
Pooley, Conservative, was declared elect
ed over A. W. McCurdy, Liberal, whose
election majority was jnst two, which is
now the majority awarded to Mr. Pooley.
Five soldiers' ballots marked in ink,
previously disallowed, did the business.
Four of these were marked for Pooley
and one for McCurdy. The judge ruled
they should be allowed.
The New Westminster Trades and Labor Council and Typographical Union
have endorsed Mr. Ben S. Kennedy as
,abor's representative on the Board of
Commissioners to be appointed by the
Provincial Government to administer the
Workmen's Compensation Act, which
comes into effect on January 1st next.
Mr. Kennedy has been connected with
organized labor in this Province for upwards of twenty years.
Preparations are about completed for
the formal opening of the Returned Sol-
iliers' Club rooms in the Thinpson block,
Saturday evening, Dec. 16. The commanding officer of the 225th Battalion
has been asked foi the use of the battalion band for the opening night. A car
load of returned soldiers from Vancouver
are expected to attend and it is planned
to meet these visitors at the B. C. K. R.
depot with the band and march to the
club rooms,
The People's
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -       373
West End branch
650  X
Three Big Stores
of  Plenty
Christmas wouldn't be right
without Jap Oranges. Let
us send you a box or two.
Special Price Per Box
Xmas Bon Bons
Owing to the war, it is next
to impossible to get Bon Bons
or Stockings over from the
Old Land. We have a very
limited amount. Make your
choice now.
Bon Bons 35c, 50c, 75c, $1, $1.25
Xmas Stockings 10c, 25c 50c, $1
����� Malaga (Spanish) Grapes, lb.30c
Mixed Nuts, per lb 25c
Xmas Mixed Candy, per lb 20c
(Hard Boiled)
New Westminster's
Come make this your Christmas shopping headquarters. The
big displays of useful things to give will make choosing interesting and gifts chosen here are sure of being welcomed ones.
Start early in the week and early in the day.
Give Trefousse Gloves
this Christmas
Trefousse fine French Kid  Gloves, self
or fancy stitched points, perfect  fitting
in sizes 5 1-2 to 7  1-2, prices per pair
$1.75, $2.00 and $2.25
Women's French Kid Gloves
In white fur  and  black,  Extra Special
$1.25 to $1.50
Dent's English Crepe Gloves
$1 50, $1.75 and $2.00
Give a Glove Order-We Issue
Same to Any Amount
Gifts That Please Women
Furs, Blouses, Kimonos, Silk Hose, Umbrellas, Handkerchiefs,
Neckwear, Purses, Etc, Etc.
' m*Q*m6+44&4**9+*+*+*********'********��*W
Royal Crown Soap
One of the many of the Royal
Crown family.
7 generous cakes for 25c
Daughters of Empire Doings.
At a meeting of the Municipal Chapter
of the Daughters of the Empire, on Saturday last, it was decided to aid the Y.
M.C.A. military work at Queen's Park
and, when no battalion is stationed here,
this assistance will be given to overseas
Y.M.C.A. military work.
The various chapters of the Daughters
of the Empire, in this city will hold a
book and magazine shower shortly, and
the reading material thus donated will be
sent to the Y. M. C. A. quarters at the
Park for the use of the men of the 225th
The high cost of flour was discussed
at the meeting and it was decided to inaugurate a movement among the women
of Canada to have the Dominion Government investigate the alleged unpatriotic speculation in wheat.
The civic authorities will be asked   to
set aside and   maintain   a   plot  in the
cemetery for the burial  of   soldiers who
needed legislation for the welfare of the  had served with overseas forces,
community.    The clerk was instructed to
Eyestrain  and Wrinkles
Go together -both are brought
on by attempting to read or
work WITHOUT Glasses when
Glasses are NECESSARY !
We can fit you with becoming Eyeglasses that will enable you to see
clearly without Eyestrain or Wrinkles
Let us supply the Glasses to-day.
H. Ryall
Druggist and  Optician
Women's Liberal Association.
The first regular meeting of the Women's Liberal Association was held,
Monday evening, in the Liberal Club
rooms, the principal item of business
being the adoption of the constitution.
The objects of the association as set forth
in the constitution call for a closer relationship of tlie Liberal party in B.C.,
and a better understanding of the Liberal platform, and a thorough 'study of the
Government policies. Meetings will be
held on the third Monday in the mouth,
with the annual meeting in November.
An educational discussion was started,
and it will be continued at the next
meeting. Several questions were asked
bv the president, Mrs. J. R. Gilley, and
properly answered by the members in
attendance. Kach question was one that
gave new light on important dealings in
the Province.
"HE" Will Surelv Like It
Our Store is full of helpful suggestions
and you will find you can buy more for
little money when vou buy here than vou
can buy any where else    ::::::
Come, Let Us Help Solve the
 Xmas Problem	
j. E. brown & CO.
611 Columbia St. New Westminster
at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
Phones:  150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Hon. Wm. Sloan Married.
An interesting social event took place,
Tuesday morning last at 9 o'clock, m
the First Baptist Church, Vancouver,
when Miss Catherine Fiske . McDougall,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. McDougall,
149 Beach ave., Vancouver, was united
in marriage to the Hon. Will. Sloan,
Minister of Mines in the Brewster Government, Rev. A. A. McLeod, the pastor
of the church, officiating. The wedding
was quietly celebrated, only a few relations of the contracting parties being
present. Immediately after the cere-
nionv, the newly wedded couple left for
a short honeymoon trip south. They
will reside in Victoria.
City  Market.
Today's market was a rattling good
one, as the genial Assistant Market Clerk
observed while dodging between a constantly shifting labyrinth of poultry
crates, butchers' wagons, and delivery
trucks There was a plentiful supply of
meats again, at usual prices, and poultry
was an especially heavv feature, with
prices about the same as last week.
Geese were in evidence, at 20 to 22c, but
the Christmas turkeys were held in reserve for next week. Eggs were in good
supply, dropping to 50c retail and a
shade less wholesale. Butter sold at 45c
to 50c. Potatoes ranged at $20 to $25
per ton and $1.25 per sack. Apples
showed an upward tendency, bringing
from 75c to $1.25 per box.
Phono   498
Let us help  you  to
Protect Your Property
From Fire
by writing   Insurance   iu   sound,
reliable Companies.
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block
Will keep your tea or coffee
warm and you will enjoy
your lunch.
We can sell you Thermos
Bottles and Lunch Kits.
T. J. TRAPP & CO., Ltd.
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto   Dept.   691
Hon. John Oliver, Miniater of Agriculture, is in the city to-day, attending the
annual seed fair, which opened at the
City Hall yesterday.
W. H. Hicks, assistant superintendent
of the Experimental Farm at Brandon,
Man., has been appointed to the position
of acting superintendent of the Experimental Farm at Agassiz, B. C, succeeding P. H. Moore, who has taken up a
ranching appointment on Vancouver
Valuator    Money to Loan    Farms
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,    NRW WESTMINSTER
' New    Wellington.
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St.        Phone 105 "^st Cop 4
Page 4
New Weetaninster. B.C., Dec. 15 1816
Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Liberal Leader
and Canada's Greatest Statesman,
Makes Thrillinor Patriotic Address in
Old Quebec.
Sir Wilfrid Laurier excelled himself in
the most eloquent and compelling patriotic appeal of the many that he has made
to his own countrymen since the war began, the occasion being an address on
behalf of recruiting delivered, on Friday
af ternooii last, to thousands of his Quebec
constituents in the ancient capital of
Canada. Sir Wilfrid urged upon Canadians, and especially French-Canadians,
their duty in the crisis which has been
reached in the war. He urged them to
enlist and elaborated upon a number of
points in his address to show that this
was their duty.
"I have come with the intention of
giving you All my thoughts," he said,
"to tell you the truth as I understand it,
and to present my conception of the
duty that falls upon us a nation under
the present circumstances."
Turning to the growth of tlie Dominion during the forty years he had been
in public life, Sir Wilfrid pointed out
that great cities had grown up, and re
ferred to Vancouver on the Pacific Coast.
"We have to provide for the defence
of these cities and our coasts," he declared, "for when England is at war
Canada is at war.
"The war has given us a brutal confirmation of this," he went on. "When
the war broke out there was a panic on
the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, from
Halifax to Vancouver. It was known
that there were German cruisers in the
Pacific and the moment war broke out
these cities were open to attack. You
heard talk of the Rainbow, and how British Columbia immediately bought submarines, which action was authorized by
Ottawa immediately, so that its cities
would be protected. This is justification
of the statement that when England is
at war, Can ida is at war."
Why We FtRht.
Sir Wilfrid continued:
"If 1 recall these facts, il is not the
pleasure of justifying our policy, or for
the purpose of party politics. I am not
here to talk politics, but with a higher
"Some people say that we should only
defend our territory, 'Why should our
children go to fight for England ? To
fight for England I What an injustice !'
"For whom is England waging war
to-day? It is not England which was
invaded in August of 1914. It was not
on England that Germany declared war
on August 2, but it was England that on
August 4 declared war on Germany, to
save Belgium, to save France, against
the German Empire.    (Cheers.)
"Where is England fighting?" demanded Sir Wilfred. "Our own children are being killed and are shedding
their blood, not in Fngland, but on the
territory of France. Many have lost
their lives. They go that France may
live, and that France may continue to
keep in the world of civilization the rank
she has kept since the era of Christianity. That is why young Canadians are
fighting, and that is why I am here to
say that it is the duty of Canada to take
part in the war to save the Christian
civilization that is menaced."
Sir Wilfrid referred to the days of
1870-71 when Quebec citizens offered
their services to the French consul to
help France. Tliey had been disappointed in England then. To-day there was
a Ministerial crisis in England, after an
army of 4,000,000 had been raised, because it was felt that still more vigor
should be shown in the conduct of the
Admires Britain.
"I have been always an admirer ot
England and of British institutions,"
declared Sir Wilfrid. "Some pages of
her history I would like to tear out���the
pages which tell of the treatment of Ireland; of the part played in the war of
1870. British institutions are the most
wise, and freer than any people have,
and above those of all nations. There
is no country, my compatriots, which
can give to that such a complete testimony as Canada and especially French-
The triumph of Germany would mean
going back five centuries, declared Sir
Wilfrid. He spoke of German outrages,
heir treatment of women and other
civilians, and the deportation of civilians.
"I will repeat what I said in Montreal
not long ago, that, if I were a youm>
man, I would take up arms and go to
the defence of the Allies. I am here to
say that I favor recruiting down here,
the system of voluntary enlistment. We
have no conscription here anil will have
none. II is not to force that we want to
appeal, but to sentiment, to your hearts
anil vour better feelings.
At TurninK Point.
"It is evident we are at tbe turning
point of the history of the world. It is the
old fight between liberty and opgression.
lt is not new, it has always existed. We
may hope and believe that in the future
France will secure what it has long
searched for, a complete liberty, such as
we have here. When that liberty will
come in old Europe, a new era will come
for us also, and on this occasion there
will be buried in the trenches of France
all the old hatreds, and justice will come
to all.
"What I am telling you is in mv
heart," said Sir Wilfrid in conclusion.
"My last word is not to do what is to be
done for obligation, but for love of justice and liberty." Sir Wilfrid received
an ovation when he left the building.
An appeal to the young men present
to join the colors was also made by
Lieut. Cliamel, a returned French army
officer, who said that a French-Canadian
brigade, commanded bv French Canadian
officers, would be shortiy formed in
Stanley V. Trapp Killed.
Another young Royal City hero,
Flight Sub-Lieut. Stanley V. Trapp, son
of Mr. and Mrs. T. J. Trapp, of this
city, has sealed his devotion to the Britisli
and Allied cause���the cause of world
freedom and civilization���with his life,
word having been received early this
week that he had been killed in an aeroplane accident at the front, whether in
action at the time or not the wire did not
say. The late Stanley V. Trapp, who
was about twenty-five years of age and a
native son of New Westminster, entered
the aviation branch of the service over a
year ago, and, after training in England,
went to France, where he engaged in
work on the coast with the Royal Navy
Air Service. About two months ago, he
was transferred to tbe hottest part of the
Allied fighting line in France, with the
Royal Flying Corps. Lieut. Trapp had
proved himself a daring aviator and was
an expert at looping-the-loop and dodging anti-air craft shells. He was one of
the first from New Westminster to join
the aviation corps. One brother, Tom,
is a major with the 131st Battalion iu
England, while another brother, Don, is
also overseas on active service.
to it. The Local Council of Women
have secured a lady who will probably
be a candidate for a seat on the School
Board. Mrs. H. A. Wilson and Mrs. J.
R. Gilley, a former member of the
Board, have both declined nomination at
the hands of the Loeal Council on the
grounds that they have not the time this
year to devote to the work.
The Vulcan Iron Works has secured
the lease of a site of waterfrontage on
the industrial island in False Creek,
Vancouver, and will move its plant from
this city to Vancouver as soon as the new
buildings are ready, some time in February, possibly retaining a, part of the
present plant here.
French Cabinet Reconstruction.
Thorough Cabinet reorganization, with
the view of a more vigorous and effective prosecution of tlie war, has been
taken up in France also, on similar lines
to the great shake-up in Britain. Pursuant to such reorganization, a resolution was adopted by the Chamber of
Deputies, early in the week, calling for
the reduction of the Ministry to five
members���a sort of War Council composed of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Finance, War, Marine and Interior,
the other Ministers to give place to a
new organization under direction of the
"In addition to forming a war council
of five Ministers on the model of that in
England, says the Matin, "Premier
Briand has decided, in the interest of
the economic organization of the country, to throw the old administrative machine into the melting-pot and oblige all
Ministerial departments, hitherto congealed in superannuated methods, to get
in line with tlie rest of the country,
which is freely spending its blood and
"In the course of conversations he
he bad with prominent men, Premier
Briand announced that he intended to
give a free hand to the Ministers, undersecretaries and directors, forming part of
the new Ministry. The most absolute
powers will be granted to them, and, if
it is found that their methods meet resistance or that certain habits are persisted in, these powers will be still further increased and drastic measures
taken. The composition of the new
combination will clearly show the new
spirit. There will be the most complete
possible reconstruction, as will be seen
when the names of the Ministers are
Gustave Herve, writing in Victoire,
suggests a war committee consisting of
Briand, Bartheau, Cailleaux, Clemen-
ceau, and Humbert or Thomas. Herve
is serions enough, but he himself points
out that his committee would|prove "bad
bed-fellows." He admires Clemenceau
and puts him in his Cabinet, despite "his
character of a dog.''
The heading of Jean Herbette's editorial iu the Echo De Paris is "The Ris
ing Storm." He cites various German
papers to show that the civil mobilization
is now in full swing, in Germany, definitely pointing out how France and
England can soon expect a tremendous
effort against their front.    He adds:
"Germany promises to dictate terms
of peace next spring, she promises not
only the defeat of Russia, but the crush-
of France. There may be only a few
weeks that separate the Allies from their
great blow. The storm rises, and you,
as Demosthenes would say���you deliberate!"
Called to Book.
In its new-found zeal for patronage
reform, the Columbian recently published some baseless allegations reflecting
upon Mr. C. H. Croke, secretary of the
Liberal Association of Mission City, as
having, without Authority, since the
change of Government, put a boy to
work, displacing some one else, on the
Fraser River ferry at Mission City. The
following letter, from the captain of the
Government ferry in question, addressed
to Mr. C. H. Croke, Secretary of the
Liberal Association, Mission City, completely confutes the Columbian's aspersions, as will be seen:
Dear Sir���My attention was called to
an article in the Weekly Columbian of
Nov- 28th, whereby it was niade to appear that you had brought a certain lad
down lo me and put him to work on the
ferry, without consulting me. I hereby
beg to emphatically deny this statement,
and now inform you of the  facts.
On Sunday, the 26th inst., Mr. Reade,
who hail up till then filled the job, informed me he could not stay any longer
and went home. That left me stuck for
a man, and with no time to find one.
Therefore, when you came with the lad
and asked me to give him a trial, I was
very pleased to have someone at hand
and consented to give liim a trial, and
can assure vou that I find him very satisfactory. Yours truly,
Capt.   Government   Ferry     "John   H.
After eight months spent iu the Peace
River country with Mr. C. B. McAllister
aud party, Mr. G. H. Irishman has returned to New Westminster..
For School TruBtees.
Three members of the city School
Hoard, Mrs. H. A. Wilson, Dr. F. P.
Smith, and Mr. T. J. Lewis, retire from
office this year, following the expiration
of their two-year term. Mrs. Wilson
and Dr. Smith have announced definitely
that tbey will not stand for re-election.
Mr. Lewis wishes to retire, but will make
no announcement until he sees what candidates are forthcoming. Last year, suf-
ficent candidates for the School Board
were not secured until the last few minutes before nominations closed, and,
while Mr. Lewis would like to retire
from office, he feels that the work of the
Board is important and citizens should be
willing to give their time and  attention
The Staff
of Life
Please note that there is no
reduction in the size of the
loaf offered by us.    Please
note the weight-
Large 24-oz. Loaf 10c
Large 12-oz. Loaf 5c
Seasonable Offerings
Fancy Seeded Raisins,  16-
oz. pkgs., 2 for 25c
Blanched Sultanas. 2 lbs -35
Mixed Peel, lb 30c
Chopped Suet, 2 lbs 35c
Hugon's    "Atora"    Brand
Beef Suet, tin 35 & 65c
Small Muscatel Raisins, per
lb 15c
Australian Currants, per
lb  20c
One 8-oz. bottle Sherriff's Lemon
Extract, 70c value; one 2-oz. bottle Pure Gold, Cherry, Ginger,
Peach or Raspberry extract, 25c
values;   the two for 70c
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Gubr Block Phone 1012
Silk Waist Lengths*
Most acceptable are these Silk Waists as a Xmas gift, or if a
person buys for her own use. They are in White and Colored
Silks, Stripes and Checks; in Japanese, Paillettes, Taffetas,
Gros, Grain, Duchesse, etc.; lengths from $1.50   to $4.00
Children's Bootees and Gaiters
Comfortable Wool Bootees for babies.     Per pair 20c to 75c
Gaiters, for Children up to six years of age in corduroy, plush
and wool; also Overall Gaiters with or without feet. We can
supply your needs from a full stock.
Knitted Wool and Silk Scarfs
Brushed Wool Scarfs; in 6 to 12 inch-widths, 36 to45in. lengths;
white and plain   and   bordered  and   striped   effects.     Each
at 65c to $2.00
Silk Scarfs, in heavy knitted styles; nice shades of rose, maise,
cadet, purple, tan, pearl, cream, etc.    Each 1.50 to 4.50
Christmas Neckwear
Bright new styles in organdy, voile, marquisette, georgette,
crepe, satin, broadcloth, and other materials; a splendid range
of popular novelties.   Special lots at. .$1.50. 75c, $1.00 to $2.50
All the Xmas  Stock on Display
W. S. Collister & Go.
The Store for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster  Iron   Works
JOHN   REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering  and
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Office and  Works:
New Westminster, B. C.
James & NcClughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Let Us Do It?
You  needn't   do   your   own
Washing or send it to a
The Royal City Laundry
(White Labor Only)
will do it for you.
PHONE 183.     814 ROYAL AVE.
tEo Sttbestors;
-. erii.g
c t" anv
��� than"
Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.
Intaest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by c'
of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at tbe rate of fi
per annum from the dc<te of purchase.
Holders of this stock will have the privilege of st
accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in ; .;,
made under any future war loan issue   in   Ct.ru. .i c
Treasury Bills or other libe short d .tc security.
Proceeds of this sto:k are for writ purposes only
A commission of one-quarter of one per cent v.ill 1 i i iluwcd to
nized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of appli
for this stock which bear their stamp.
For application forms apply to tbe Deputy Minister of Finance, (
OCTOBER 7th,  1916.
e ;free
<:V Cl flt
nr iinr
in -.'
,:..K.    Iji
IOtH 111)
No. 4 $21.00
No. 6 $33.50
No. 9 $66 50
No. 10   $102.00
No. 11 $137.00
Thousands of Records, all the latest, to select
from. A large stock of Victrolas; every style and
finish. Comfortable parlors to see and hear them.
The same privacy and convenience as though in
your own home. A small cash payment, balance
easy terms, makes you the owner of one.
Model 30 $40.60
Model 50 $68.50
Model 75 $100.00
Violins, Mandolins, Banjos, Etc.    :    :    :     :     :
Pianos Sewing machines
521 Columbia St.,
New Westminster, B. C.


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