BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Pacific Canadian Jan 13, 1894

Item Metadata


JSON: paccannw-1.0221212.json
JSON-LD: paccannw-1.0221212-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): paccannw-1.0221212-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: paccannw-1.0221212-rdf.json
Turtle: paccannw-1.0221212-turtle.txt
N-Triples: paccannw-1.0221212-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: paccannw-1.0221212-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array \3T
Miitt (toMim
Vol. I.
No. ia
-�� * PRfiHANT'S HOTEL, corner of McNeely
]V1 and Oolumbla Streets. Best Wines
and Olgars kept constantly on hand. JAS>.
CASH, Proprietor
BOOM. Oysters fresh daily. All game
in season. Open (lay and night. Meals at
all hours Klrst-class cuslne. No Chinamen.
HAKRY HUGHES, Proprietor.
GBOTTO HOTEL. This House has been
thoroughly ronovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor solicits a share of public
patronage. MEALS. 25 cents. White cooks.
0, R. SMALL, Proprietor.	
UEEN'S HOTEL, corner Clement and
w, Columbia Streets. G. II. WILLIAMS,
proprietor. First-class in every particular.
Pure Wines and Liquors, and choice brands
of Cigars. 	
$1 per  Tear!
mllE TELEGRAPH HOTEL, Front street,
I opposito to the Ferry Landing. Noth-
imf but choicest of .liquors andoJ|ara.nTele-
phone US., P
0b.BoYa>: HUGE*BROS.,
OCCIDENTAL HOTEL, corner Oolumbla
a id hegbie streets, New Westminster,
B 0. Kates for Board and Lodging: Per
day $1.(��! per week, $5.50. The best of Wines,
I.Uiiiors and Olgars dispensed at the bar.
.1. C. GRAY, Proprietor.	
DEPOT HOTEL, Columbia Stroet, Now
Westminster, The best $1.00 a day house
in Canada. The rooms are superior and the
Hotel is well adapted to the needs of families,
toWlom^ledal rates are given. Board.to
the week at reduced rates. P. O. BILODr.AU,
HOTEL DOUGLAS, corner of Oolumbla
and MeKenzie Streets. New Westminster American and European plan. Shaving
parlor attached, under Ae management of
?> Walker. Restaurant open taBlM,
Sample room for commercial A.-LTOLMli..
Proprietor. Telephone 111.   P.O. Box il.
IHE HOLBKOOK HOUSE,   Front. Street,
,US " w���.Ko���S��r   This is the popular
, fewwStoKsV- ThKls-itlie popular
ITiinTnf tlie city. Airy and well furnished
rooms Ouslne Separtment carefully super-
vsoTanathe dining tables supplied with
all the luxuries of the season. Banquets
Jm-ead to order. Lato suppors provided at
snort notice. Choice Wines. Liquors.and
Cigars in the sample room. A. VA011UW,
r a v v Sr SMITH. Light and heavy dray-
\[    ing of all kinds.   Household furniture
carefu ly removed, and special attention
ruin to removing pianos, safes, etc.    Mill
wS teamed��to o?der.   Express at all hours.
Telephone 88. ��� ���
Office Pacific Canadian.     	
Pure Bred Berkshire
A The undersigned, breeder of Pure Bred
BiVkshlreSwiio. his always on hand pigs of
Si ages. whTcl. will be sold at reasonable
Clovertlnle. B.C.
Don't place your orders before
seeing our Stock.
Opposite Masonic Block,
Mainland Truck and Dray
Draylng & Teaming Promptly
AUeiHled tu.
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Pottery Works.
Orders received forOllley & Rogers'Coal.
importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
54-7 Front St., New Westminster,
The publishers of the Pacific Canadian, In order to reach the people of this
Province, have decided to place tho subscription price at the very low figure of
$1.00 per yoar. This places the paper
within the reach of all, even In hard
times, ind there Is no other way that a
dollar can be Invested to better advantage In the family circle a healthy
newspaper ia almost Invaluable as an
educator. Havo tho Canadian come to
your hearth and make tho wholo houso :
glad. Try It for three months for |
25 conts.
Mn. Kitchen's Wldo Tiro Act Is a
dead letter. It Is everywhere treated
with contempt.
Thk public schools of the Province reopened on Wednesday last, after tho
Christmas holidays.
The fees collected by the five Nanalmo
pilots during 1893 amounted to a little
over $19,000, being almost $4,000 each.
An old man familiarly known as Jimmy
Smith, an old resident of the country,
died here of consumption on Tuesday
Through trains on the C.P.R. have
been several hours lato the past few
days owing to heavy snow falls in the
Accobdino to proclamation the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia will
meet for the despatch of business on
Thursday next.
While at work in the dyke at Maple
Ridge, McLean Bro's. dredge brought up
an old fashioned rifle marked Harper's
Ferry, dated 18S2.
The pressure of local news on our
columns this week has crowded out our
usual budget of general news, together
with some communications of interest.
Mr. C. Galbraith, machine compositor, of Vancouver, and Mr. Williams, a
well known journalist of Montreal, were
in town yesterday, and paid tho Canadian a fraternal call.
The barque Harold, 1,500 tons, the
largest sailing vessel that ever entered
the FrasT, will probably leave for sea
to-day. She will take awav about
65,000. cases of salmon.
Peter McGobbigi.e. the man who had
bis shoulder dislocated on Monday night
through being run Into by a coasting
party on Mary street, intends entering
suit against the city for damages.
An oak tree was cut on Pitt Meadows
tho other day and a piece of the wood
brought to town as a curiosity by Councillor Fox, of Coquitlam. Thn oak is a
stranger to tho coast district of B. C.
Two mutinous sailors. Henry Lewis
; and James Watson, belonging to the
barque Harold, were tried bofore Capt.
Pittendrigh, stipendiary magistrate, on
Monday, and sentenced to twelve weeks'
The last of the series of political meetings called throughout Westminster
District by Messrs. Kitchen and Sworil
will be held at, Chilliwack on Monday
next. Premier Davie will bo present on
tho occasion, and tho meeting Is likely
to be one of great Interest.
Frank Hopfrb, lately connected with
the Guichon Hotel, and who died of consumption at St. Mary's Hospital on Tuesday, was buried ;it. Sapperton on Wednesday, a large number of Knights of
Pythias, of which deceased was a. member, taking part lu the last sad rites.
The following candidates havo been
| allowed to enter for the preliminary examinations to study la v: 11. 1'. Winter
Inute, Vancouver: A. Melville Mallns,
New Westminster; A. C. Anderson, ,1.
! K. Macrae and Thomas E. Pooley, of
J Victoria. .1. Stuart Yates, of Victoria,
| is tho examiner.
The Colonist says Albert Stroebel, now
under sentence of doath lu the Provincial
Jail, passes his time away with reading;
he also writes a groat deal, being provided with a chair and a table In tho
condemned cell, stroebel has a line ear
for music. Warden John says that lie
Is tho best player mi the mouth organ
that ho lias ever heard. He appears to
take matters very quietly, and gives his
guards no trouble whatever.
The Indians Peter and Jack who wore
convicted at tli Assizes hero last Fall of
the murder of young Pittendrigh of ibis
city, and sentenced to bo hanged on the
15th of this month, are not to suffer the
the death penalty, On Tuesday a dispatch was received from Ottawa announcing that tho Governor-General had
signed an ordor-ln-couuoli   commuting
the sentence to one of Imprisonment for
life. The general opinion here seems to
be that executive clemency was not
merited, and thai It is a mistake to extend   leniency  to Indian criminals,
Ki-.i.i.y ami lluuor, the l.anglcv men
who were arrested for tbo larceny of a
horse and COW, camo up for trial before
Judge Hole on Monday, but a conclusion
was not reached mi Wednesday. Thore
were a number of witnesses from Lang-
ley and south of the boundary. Judge
Bolo summed nu the evidence In favor
of tho prisoners, and they wore acquitted. Mr. Loamy then entered another
charge against the men of stealing a set
of harness, to which thoy pleaded not
guilty, and were released on thoir own
recognizances to stand their trial on a
date to be fixed. Mr. (laynor, for tbo
accused, askod that tho oxponses ot tho
now suit should bo paid by the Crown,
his clients being poor mon. Tho Judgo
said ho would hear argument on that
point later.
On Sunday night, in the west end of
the city, a Spaniard named Gooiner was
beating a half-breed woman who lived
with him but wanted to return to her
homo in Nanaimo. Charles Johnston, a
Swede fisherman, hearing the woman
scream, wont to the rescue, and in tho
scuffle Goomer stabbed him in the bead
with a knife, making an ugly gash, so
that Johnston fainted from loss of blood,
before his wound could ho attended to.
Goomer was arrested and elected to be
tried under the Speody Trials Act. Aftor
hearing tho evidence, Judge Bolo sentenced the man to three years in tho
At the beginning of tho week, the up-
river boats wore obliged to discontinue
their trips on account of the Ice. On
Thursday, however, the river here was
full of floating ice, Indicating a breakup above. At tho time of writing the
river is clear again, and if the weather
continues mild thn boats will commence
their regular trips on Monday. From
hero to the Gulf the river was not affected by Ice, and the down-river boats continued their usual trips.
There was a largo turn out of young
people, p.nd some old ones, too, on Monday evening to enjoy coasting on the
Mary street hill. There was good sleighing, and the exercise was greatly enjoyed.
A crowd of spectators watched the fun,
and one man, it is stated, who did not
get out of the way fast enough, was run
over and had a collar bone broken. Tho
authorities, no doubt, do not like to interfere with good natured sport, but
really coasting does not seem the proper
thing in the heart of the city.
The following officers wero elected by
the Mainland Teachers'Associatlen when
in session in Vancouver: President, A.
C. Stewart; first vice-prosidont, Robert
G. Gordon; recording secretary, G. W.
McRae; corresponding secretary. W. E.
Burnett; treasurer, Miss E. Rogers; committee of management, Miss Dockrill
Messrs. Buchanan, John Shaw, J. H.
Kerr and F. M. Cowperthwalte.
The snow fall at the end of last week
made excellent sleighing, and was a great
advantage to parties who had heavy
teaming to do. Wednesday night the
weather moderated and a drizzling rain
set In, which continued all day Thursday, making the city streets excessively
sloppy. Yesterday morning a Chinook
wind was blowing and by evening the
snow was pretty much all gone.
"The Devils' Own Souvenir and Pocket
Cullender," issued from the office of the
Commercial Printing Comnany. this city,
is an exceedingly neat little publication.
The jokes are as neat as the letter-press,
and tho printers' ("devils"), C. D. Peele,
C. C. Seagrave and R. W. R. Armstrong
have certainly acquitted themselves
Ernest and John Johnston, two boys
who broke into and robbed tho West End
Methodist church last November, and
John Ross, a Vancouver boy, found
guilty of larceny, were each sentenced
by Judge Bo!e on Monday last to threo
years in tho reformatory.
At the Kelly and Ruttor trial it transpired that J. M. Cubblns, who escaped
from the Provincial jail last summer, is
now in Puyallnp, Wash.
;��� Owing to the thaw and unusually bad
roads resulting, few farmers patronized
tho market yesterday. Tho business
transacted was very light. There aro
| few changes to note in quotations. Eggs
and butter incline downward. Potatoes
are stiff. Poultry continues in demand,
but the supply was short. A small
quantity of beef did not lind ready sale,
Its appearance being affected by exposure to the rain. Following are the
figures quoted by Clerk Lewis:
Ducks, none. Geese, -SI.50. Turkeys,
none. Chickens held at $4.50 to $5 per
dozen, and hens nt SO. Dressed chickens
ranged from 50 to do cents each.
Pork sold at $8; cuts, 9 to 11 cents.
Beet, forequarters, $5: hindquarters,
SO; cuts, 7 tn 11 cents.
Mutton, I) emits: cuts, 11 to 13 conts.
Butter suid at 55 cents per 2 lb. roll.
Eggs, 110 to 35 cents per doz.
Hay, $13. Oats, $25. Barley, none.
Wheat, $28 to $3(1 per ton.
Potatoes wore qnoted from $17 to $18
per ton.
Turnips, $8 to SO; mangolds, $7; whlto
carrots, $9; red carrots, $12.50: boots,
11 emit per lb.: cabbage, H cents; par-
i snips. 1 cent; onions, 1,'.; cents,
Apples, $1 to $1.25 per box.
Cranberries, 35 cents per gallon.
Saner Kraut, 4 cents per lb.
We llo not hold ourselves responsible for the
opinions of correspondents.
Slow Post.
To the Editor of tho Pacific Canadian,
sin,���it is said to be a Britisher's
privilege Iii growl, and taking that, for
grunted, I will do my little share. Having occasion to transmit a small sum of
money to Australia, I chose, ns I
thought, the most convenient way by
Obtaining a P.O. Order. Tlie Order and
letter ol notification wore posted in New
Westminster some 50 hours before the
bout left Vancouver for lier destination.
Judge my surprise when l received a
letter from tlie transmitl.ee lo the effect
that the letter was received, but on presenting the order was told that, they had
received no notice, but probably would
by next mail. I dure say there is a certain amount of delay attached to forwarding a P.O. Order, but surely not
enough to prevent on order going
through that, had been purchased two or
three days beforo the boat sails. Now wo
are doing a certain amount of business
with Australia, I should think there
ought to bo posted up In overy Post
Office In B.C. the hour of closing of malls
for that country. Hoping you will insert this In your valuable paper.
The Municipal elections held on Thursday last resulted as follows, as far as
heard from up to time of going to press
last night:
Teague elected by a majority of 491
over ex-Mayor Beaven.
North Ward -Ledliigham, Baker ana
Dwyer elected.
Centre Ward���Styles, Vlgelius, and
South Ward���Harris, Munn, and Wilson elected by acclamation.
Anderson elected by a majority of 81
ovcrCo'llns.   Towler was away behind.
Ward 1���II. P. Shaw by acclamation.
Ward 2���C. L. Queen by a majority of
J 09 over E. Cook.
Ward 3-D. McPhalden by a majority
of 43 over C. G. Hobson. Wm. Carglll
was distanced.
Ward 4���W. Brown by a majority of
50 over G. Hobson.
Ward 5���A. Bothune, elected by acclamation.
A. J. Camble, A. G. Ferguson, and R.
H. Alexander.
W. Templeton, C. C. Eldrldge, and C.
W. Murray were elected.
John Armstrong, by a majority of 11
over Daniel Johnston.
Ward 1���A. Gordon. Majority not
Ward 3���Jos. McDonald. Majority not
Ward 3���Thos. Hookway by acclamation.
Ward 4���John Keery by acclamation.
Ward 5���E. C. Johnston by acclamation.
Reeve���J. Rae.
Councillors: Ward 1 ��� W. Bridge;
Ward 2���Geo. Rao. Ward 3���A. Shields.
Ward 4���No candidate. Ward 5���Henry
Wm. Laduer���Elected by acclamation.
Ward 1���L. Guichon, elected by a
majority of 3 over Harry Irwin.
Ward 2���Wm. Arthur, elected by acclamation.
Ward 3���Geo. McCloskey, olected by a
majority of 1 over T. E. Ladner.
Ward 4���Wm. Goudy, by a majority of
4 over J. Skinner.
Ward 5���John McKee, jr., by acclamation.
In North Vancouver the Reeve and
Councillors were all returned by acclamation as follows; Reeve, J. C. Keith
(re-elected). Councillors���Ward 1, A.
McCartney (re-elected); Ward 2, W. II.
May (re-elected): Ward 3, J. C. Wood-
row (re-elected) ; Ward 4, Chas. J.
J. S. drey re-elected.
Ward 1���Wm. Morrison.
Ward 2���J. M. Johnston,  by acclamation.
Ward 3���W. 1!. Cornoek.
Ward 4���T. II. Simonds.
Ward 5--G. J. Blair.
W. C. Schou by acclamation.
Ward 1���Peter Byrne by acclamation.
Ward 8���Wm. MeDeruioU.
Ward 3���E. Stride.
Ward 4���Wm. Johnston, re-elected by
Wards���L.C, Hill, re-elected by acclamation.
Iu this Municipality the whole Council
wus elected bv acclamation as follows:
Reeve���Bj B, Kelly.
Councillors���Ward 1, Jas. Fox; Ward
2, E. A. Atkins; Ward 3, W. R. Austin;
I Ward 4, W. II. Keary; Ward 5, J. Morrison.
Joseph  Stephens   elected   over   Win.
Isaac and I). C. Webber.    Majority  not
' known.
Ward 1���G. A. Smith  by acclamation.
Ward 2���G. A. Dockstoader.
Ward 3���Thos. llosoinworth.
Ward 4���John Laity,
Ward 5���John McK'ennv  by acclamation,
MA Vol!.
E, Queunell by acclamation,
North Ward���M. Morrison and  Ralph
I Craig.
South Ward���George Churchill and J.
11. Cocking.
Middle Ward���A. Wilton and J. II.
S. A. Cawley electod by a majority of
181 over A. S. Vedder.
Ward 1���.1. L. Atkinson by acclamation,
Ward 2���A. C. Wells.
Ward 3���J. A. Campbell by acclamation.
Ward 4���D. J. Kennedy.
Ward 5���Jas. Armstrong by acclamation.
Ward 6���A. S. Smith.
Reeve���Horace Davie.
Councillors���F. Lloyd, J. A. Wood, H.
Evans, and W. C. Duncan.
W. F. Camoron elected Mayor. Other
results not known.
K. II. Lee elected Mayor.
R. F. Green elected Mayor.
In the municipality of Richmond all
the members of the Council were elected
by acclamation as follows: Reeve, B. W.
Garrat. Councillors���Ward 1, Duncan
McDonald; Ward 2, T. Trltus; Ward 3,
M. B. Wilkinson; Ward 4, Thos. Kldd;
Ward 5, A. 11. Daniels.
Killing a Cougar.
Out on the Yale road about six or seven
miles Mr. Smith has a ranch. He keeps
"bach," and along with him Is Mr. Jones.
They live high for Joues Is a keen sportsman and a doad shot, and brings In
enough rabbits, grouse, etc., to supply
half-a-dozen bachelor establishments.
A few days ago Jones was hunting as
usual, when ho came across tho track of
a huge cougar. This was right to his
mit, aud he lost no timo in following up
the trail. It ended at a big lir tree, and
a close scrutiny revealed the head of the
cat peering ovor from between the crotch
of a large limb, not very high up. Jones
proceeded to decorate as much of the
cougar as was In sight with bird shot,
but ho had scarcely fired when the animal sprang from the tree and alighting
a few yards beyond him, turned round
to fight him. The creature looked terribly fierce, and had got its back up
pretty bad over the charge of small shot.
Jones' cap rolled off, but he kept his
presence of mind and drew his hunting
knife. The cougar was Jumping around
and cutting up queer antics, on account,
as it afterwards transpired, of the shot
having destroyed both eyes. Presently
it gavo a big bound into the air, and
landed down within arm's length of
Jones, and then stood on its bind legs
and tried to wipe the shot outof its face.
This was tbe opportunity Jones was
looking for, and in a moment the hunting knife was burled to tbe hilt In the
vitals of the Infuriated animal, which
tumbled over and in a few moments was
dead. Jones shouldered his game and
started for the house. The door was
ajar, so he quietly took the cougar and
pushed Its head and forepart through
the open door. There was a scrambling
sound in the house and then all wag
quiet. Not a sound. In a few minutes
Jones went In and after a little trouble
coaxed Smith out from under the bed.
The cat was a very large one and measured fourteen feet three inches from tip
to tip
The above may be a little out In some
of the details, but that is about as it was
given to our reporter.
The municipal elections for 1894 aro
over, and although, in the nature of
things, everyone caunot be pleased with
the results arrived at, vet the peoplo
have had their say. and all good citizeiHi
of the minority will readily bow to the
will of tho majority. The crushing defeat of Mr. Beaven In Victoria city war
a surprise to many, and will carry with
it to most people a significant moaning.
Tho return of Mr. Anderson to the
Mayorship of Vancouver was no doubt
fully expected by those who understood)
tho situation. Of tho rural municipalities the contest In Surrey perhaps attracted most attention. There were
largo Interests at stake, and we confess
to fooling regrot at the defeat of Mr.
Daniel Johnston by tho small majority
of 11, and tho morn so as all tho candidates who wore put forward to work
with him wero olected- The
new council for Surrey Is t
good one, and if Reeve Armstrong
displays proper tact, thore is no reason
why good work should not be accomplished for the municipality during '94.
We are suro Mr. Johnston will accept
his defeat with the even temper that Is
his characteristic quality, and not without some pleasure at the handsome support that was givon him on short notice.
Hanging from a Rafter.
Victoria, Jan .5.���The body of a middle-
aged man was found hanging from a
rafter In the closet of McDonald's cabins.
Store street, at 3 o'clock this afternoon.
The body was found by one of the tenants
of the cabins. It was recognized to be
the body of a man who has for the past
few weeks occupied No. 10 cabin. Whe��
found lt was quite cold, and the supposition Is that the suicide was committed
some hours before being found. Coroner
Uasell took charge of the case, the
locality was examined pending an inquest, and a constable was placed ia
charge. Tbe name of the suicide is nut.
Ilui' National Magazine.
Most welcome to the sanctum table is
our national monthly, "The Canadian
Magazine." This periodical has more
than justified the expectations held out
by Its first number, and agreeably disappointed the fears of those who thought
a really superior Canadian magazine
among the tilings Impracticable. The
January number Is, like its predecessors,
interesting throughout, and covers a
wide range in thought and style, while
many of the illustrations are of much
merit. Attorney-General Longley tells
many amusing things about lion. Joseph
Howe and his contemporaries. Rev.
Chancellor Rand relates ono of the
strangest psychological experiences on
record. G. E. Lumsden bus an interesting article, tolling what may bo accomplished In astronomy witli common telescopes. "Longfellow's Wayside Inn,"
by Minnie Joan Nisbot, Is an illustrated
chat of great interest In regard ton place
made immortal by the greatest of American poets. "A Plea for Ireland," by E.
Dowsley, contains not a word of politics,
but Is a beautifully Illustrated description of Irish scenery. Among other
articles are "Vignettes from St. Pilgrim's
Isle" (Illustrated), by A. 11. Morrison;
"Neglected and Friendless Children," by
J. J. Kelso; "Two Lost Kingdoms,"
(Illustrated) by E. B. BIggar; "In Canada's National Park" (Illustrated), bv
,1. Jones Hell; "Algonquin Park," by
Judge Privleek; "William Wilfred Campbell," by Colin A. Scott, and Celtic .Monuments In Troubadour Land, by R. T.
Miilllo. A Christ,, .is Story, bv C. Gordon
Rogers Is charming natural, Other
I short stories, and a number of poems,
several if thorn of high Ideal, make up
the number. Published by the Ontario
Publishing Company. I.id,. Toronto.
$2.5u per annum,
slept During Sermon,
Chicago, Jan. I. Frank Wilson, a
student in the Garrett Biblical Institute,
made a miscalculation as to the length
of a sermon last Sunday evening,   He
I went to sleep when the Rev. C. Williamson, of the llemroy M. 10. church, Kvans-
Vllle, begun   to   preach,   und   fulled lo
: wake up when the sermon was   finished.
So far us Wilson  wus concerned, it wus
| a sixty hours' sermon,    Two physicians
! could not, wake bim till   this   morning.
i During   his   sleep   tho   physicians   say
| Wilson's respiration was low hut regular
i and his pulse at times become feeble and
almost imperceptible;    Both physicians
agree that the caso   Is extraordinary.
Wilson, the physicians say, has come out
of Ills sleep very weak and feeble.
Burned to Death.
Vancouver, Jan. 5.���News arrived thlt
evening that John Gllmour, living near
Vlcola lake, 57 miles from Kamloops,was
burned in a house last night with his
three daughters, Annie, 12 years; Jemima,
10; Lily, 8. The four slept In a log house
while Gilmour's son, James, the hired
man Robert Bell and Ed. Burns occupies
a small shack 50 yards away. GUmotii
and his family retired early last night,
while the men and James went to the
shack. About daybreak the boy was
wakened by a glare of light on the window of the shack, be rushed out to line
that tbe roof of the house had fallen la
and no trace of tho old man or girls was
to be seen. There was no other house
within two miles.
Charge Against a Ship's Captain and hit
Significant Retort.
New York, Jan. 5.���Tho sailors on the
bark Amy Turner, which arrived here
on Friday, accuse their captain of refusing to take ou board the crew of a
Norwegian bark which was fast slnklag
in mid-ocean. John Nelson, an able seaman, says: "We left here on January 30.,
1893. On Fobruary 2 wo sighted a Norwegian bark Hying signals of distress.
It was hazy and a big sea was running.
Captaln Pendleton was notified and word
was passed to bring the Amy Turner up
in the wind. The vessel, as soon as she
sighted us, bore off before the wind ane
came down to us. As she neared us a
boat was put off from the vessol. In It
was the captain of the Norwegian and
her crew of eleven men. When in hailing distance the Norwegian captain
shouted: 'Captain, our vessel is sinking;
will you take us on board'.1' 'No,' an-
wered Capt. Pendleton, 'I have 150 days'
passage before mo (tho Amy Turner was
bound for Honolulu) and I can't take
you.' 'Oar vessel will not keep afloat
much longer,' protested tho Norwegian
captain. 'Wo havo been pumping four
days and cannot keep up any longer."
'Keep oil',' shouted Captain Pendleton.
'1 will not take you.' 'For God's suive,
cried the Norwegian captain, 'do not
condemn us to a terrible death. Take
us on and leave us at Bermuda or any
of the Islands. Vou will bo well paid."
The boat was near enough for us to set
that the men were lu earnest and speaking tbo troth. Tears wore streaming
' down their faces, as they bogged and
I tried to keep up will) the Turner. Till
j men, when they realized that Captaia
J Pendleton would not take them, alter-
I natelv prayed and cursed. I will never
; forget the sluhl as long us I live. The
i Norwegians begged for somo time to he
taken on board, but Capt, Pendleton still
.' shook bis bead. 'There Is a ship on our
j lee,' he said, 'go to her and get, your pus-
sage.' Capt. Pendleton then gave orders
to square away und the shrinking, praying, cursing Norwegian crew were food
left behind."
Capt. Pendleton was   seen   this  afternoon at  tho   Maritime   Exchange.    He
seems very frank and outspoken.     "It
was a deliberate scheme to  abandon tha
| bark to the underwriters," besaid. "The
' vessel was not waterlogged   and she wa*
laden with lumber and could not sink.
The vessel was  right lu   the   track of
ocean steamers, and 1 had a voyage ol
: nearly a year before me.    .My vessel was
Just tho one to pick out to further such
a scheme.   The bark was buoyant ani
In as good condition us  nunc   when   I
loft hor."
Romo, JJaii. 0.���Last evening troops
wero compollod to firo upon a mob
gathered about the office of tho maycr
of Corato making disorderly demonstrations. Seven rioters were killed and
many wounded.
Owen Sound, Jan. 11.���Rev. Duncaa
Morrison, D.D., for over a quarter of a
century pastor of Knox church hero,
and ono of the most prominent Presbyterian ministers In Canada, diod yostor-
day, aged 77. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   JAN. 13, 1894.
Job Printing.
This Department of the
Is one of the
In the Province.    The presses are good and the type modern,
with no end of variety.
Commercial    Printing
Is exactly in our line, and we can turn out
Bill Heads,
Letter Heads,
Note Heads,
Memo Heads,
And every thing in that line in a way that will give satisfaction
to our patrons.
Fly Sheets;
Fvery thing in short in the line of Job Printing is a welcome
grist to our mill.
We Charge the Prices Current in  the  City, and
Guarantee to give Satisfaction.
Job Printer.
The Quiet Ones* at the Country House and
the Singular and Important Disclosure
Be Made When Addressed by the Bishop.
The Estate Changed Owners.
The following remarkable Incident
in the life of the late Samuel Wilber-
force, bishop of Oxford and afterward
of Winchester, is related aa absolutely
authentic, and the good bishop himself
is said to have many times rehearsed
the story to hia friendi. Bishop Wil-
berforce waa most prominent among hii
coutemporaires of the English clergy
and was once a leader of the high
church party. He, however, frequently found time to devote to the social
side of life and was sometimes styled
tiie "bishop of society."
On a certain occasion the Worthy
hishop had accepted an invitati, to
stay at a country houso not far from |
London. Entering the drawing room
preview) to dinner ou the evening of hia
arrival, he noticed a priest���evidently
of the Roman communion���sitting by
the open lire and taking no part in the
general conversation. Tho bishop was
somewhat surprised at not being presented to tho priest, and his astonishment was great when, a few moments
later, dinner being announced, the
guests retired, leaving tho priest at his
place by the fire. Tho hostess having
assigned Bishop Wilberforco tho seat of
honor at her right hand, as soon aa an
opportunity offered ho remarked:
"1 beg your pardon, madam, bnt
may I inquire who was the priest we
left sitting apart in the drawing room?"
"Ah, you have seen him, then?" replied the lady. "It is not everyone
who has that privilege. I cannot tell
you who he is or whence he comes.
For many years this specter has haunted
the house and grounds���it has, in fact,
been a tradition in the family. He
seems to do no barm, and although he
appears only occasionally we have become quite accustomed to our friendly
"How very singular I" remarked his
lordship. "But have yon never addressed your priestly specter?"
"Indeed, I have had no opportunity,
nor the desire, for that matter," responded the hostess, growing pale.
"May 1 take the liberty now?" inquired the dignitary.
"With all toy heart, yonr lordship,"
replied the lady. Tho bishop arose,
and returning to the drawing room
found tho priest where he had left him
a few minutes before. Having no fear,
the bishop said kindly:
"Who are you, my friend, and why
are you hero?"
The specter eeemed to sigh deeply and
say, as though to itself, "At lastl"
Then, In a hollow voice, addressing
the bishop, it continued: "1 urn the
spirit of a priest who left this world
some 80 years ago, and I am here to
impart to any ono who will receive it
a secret which died with me. 1 could
not rest in my grave whilo a great
wrong was being done which it Was in
my power to right. 1 have been returning all these years in tho hope some
ono would address mo, for it was not
given to me to bo the first to speak. All
men have shunned tno until now, and
it is your mission to do my bidding. I
was a priest of the church of Home
and was called to this house 80 years
ago to receive tho confession of a dying
man. He was the sole possessor of a
secret, tho knowledge of which would
alter materially tho entail of this vast
estate, and in his death this man wished
to repair the terrible wrong he had
brought upon his kin.
"At  his request  I wrote  down the
confession word for word, as he gave
it  to me,  and  when he finished had
barely time to administer tho final sacrament of tho church before he expired
in my arms.    It  was very   important
that   1 should  return  to   Loudon that
night, und in passing through the library to leave tho house I concluded it
would be safer not to carry the  paper I
on which  was  written  the concession
away with me, but to placo it in some [
secure, unseen spot, where I could obtain it tho following day and  deliver
the document  to tho person for whom j
it was intended.    Mounting the steps
to the book Blielves, 1  took out a copy j
of Vouug's  'Night  Thoughts." which ;
was the lirst  book upon tho uppermost j
shelf ueareat  the last window, and inserting tho paper carefully between its j
leaves I replaced  the book und deported.    A horso was awaiting mo at  the
door, bnt ero wo reached  the entrance
of the grounds ho took   fright.    I  was '
thrown and instuntly killed.   Thns died \
the secret of my confessor with inc. No
one has disturbed that book in all thoso
years, and no one Iris had tho courage
to address this messenger from the un- I
known.    Tho paper will be found as 1
have Stated, and now remains for  you
to correct tho injustice which   has eo
long beon upon this noblo family.    My
mission  is over,   and   1   can  rest   in
At tho closo of this remarkable speech I
the specter faded gradually from sight, j
nnd   tho bishop was left   gazing into j
space.   Recovering from his astonishment. Bishop Wilberforce went nt once
to the library and found tho   hook exactly ns indicated by the specter.    In ,
its secluded comer, upon tho top shelf,
thick with  tho dust of ages, evidently
the   book   had   remained   unmolested ;
many yenrs.    Thero was the document
just as described,  but uow faded Hijd !
yellow.    Tho secret of the conicoion
nover became known to tho world. ��� Tho
good bishop regarded it as a contidence I
from tho spiritual world and  always j
ended tho story with the assurance that
the priestly specter was never again
seen.    It is a fact, however, tnat about
the time of this extraordinary occurrence the magnificent estato in question
passed into possession of a remote member of the family, who until then bad
lived in obscurity.���New York Timet.
Made by the Celestials to Defraud Their
Departed Ancestors.
A correspondent of The North China
Herald, writing from the interior of
Siangan province, mentions that ono of
tho industries there is the manufacture
of mock money for offoring to the dead.
Formerly the Chinese burned sham paper money, but in theso days of enlightenment and foreign intercourse the
natives of Soc.igkong, Hangchow and
other places have come to the conclusion that dollars are more handy to the
ghosts than clumsy paper money; hence
they now, to a great extent, supply
their ancestors and departed friends
with mock dollars. These are only
half the size of real dollars, but there
appears to be no more harm in cheating the dead than there is in cheating
tho living. Besides the deceased are
not supposed to know the difference,
for man;,-of them pal ted this life before
silver dollars were imported into China.
A hundred mock carolus dollars, done
up in boxes, are sold for 84 cash.
The operation of making this money
is interesting. First of all thero are
blocks of tin which are melted down
and then poured between boards lined
with Chinese paper, and when the upper board hi pressed down on tbo lower
a thickness of tin remains. This is
next cut np into strips i Inches long,
one wide and an eighth of an inch
thick. Somo 10 of theso strips aro
placed evenly together, ono on top of
the other, and ono end iB held between
the.lingers, when the workman proceeds to hammer them out till he has
beaten them so tine that they are now
8 feet long and a foot broad and so thin
that they are not thicker than tho thinnest paper. This is next pasted on common cardboard, which is then cut with
a punching machine to the sizo of half
dollars, and this having been done a
boy takes the cut out pieces in hand
and with two dies, one representing the
one side and tho other the reverse, hammers impressions ot dollars ou them,
and tho money is ready for use.
Another very curious instance of the
practice of cheating the gods is recorded in the smite journal, but from quite
a different part of the country. It appears that districts of tbe Annul province have lately !>oen ravaged by an
epidemic, so that in many places the
people were unable to attend to tile harvesting of the crops. An attempt was
then made to deceive the gods hy "playing at" New Year's day and pretending that Sept. 1 wus the. first day of the
new year. Every preparation for celebrating the bogus new year was made,
such as burning fireoraekeivi and pasting happy sentences in red paper on the
doors. The object was to make the god
of sickness Ihink that he bad mado a
mistake iulbe seasons and h.d oir.d in
bringing uu epidemic on the peoplo at
a time when no epidemics in the conrse
of nature should appear. As any action
contrary to nature done by tho gods is
liable to punishment by tho king of
heaven, the actors iu this fareo thought
that the god of sickness would gather
How They Are Drawn From Their Hiding
Places In the Forests.
I have heard young women whistle
beautifully, mimicking tho songs of
the birds, tho blackbird and tho thrush
particularly. They fashioned simple
instruments by the fireside, which were1
easily carried in the pocket, the whole
lot of them, with which they mimicked
tho calls for the various specieB. If
they wished to see whether a stoat, weasel, crow or jay wero about, they would
placo their lips on the back of one hand
and squeal horribly, the cries becoming
weaker each time, exactly like those of
a rabbit caught in a trap or fixed by a
stoat or weasel.
Crows, magpies and jays know very
well what that cry means.    It is as a
dinner bell to them, for after tho stoat
or weasel   leaves a rabbit a  feathered
company come to eat hri.   As thai veiling   got  more dusky the hoys would
como out in their gardens, which wero
surrounded by the iir woods, to call the
j owls to them.    They wonld  hiss and
i snore like the white owl���the burn owl
���hoot, < iick mid  bark liko the wood
] owl���tho brown nnd tawny owl���aud
squeal: liko mice for tho pleasure of see-
i ing tho owl  swoop  toward tho  place
where tho Bound or sounds proceeded
j from.
" Youbidestill an see of I don't fetch
him in thia ero fir close to our gate,"
said ono to me. I did "bide still,"
being very much interested in the
whole performance. First ho locked
his hands together with the thumbs upright, and into the hollow of the hands
he blew between the thumbs. This was
tho hooting machine, and it was simply
perfect. "Hoo, boo. boo, .hoo-e, boo!"
rang out, the fourth note being longer
than the others. Then billowed the
click of the bill, ns the fine bird snaps
it in pleasant anticipation of mouse,
finishing up with the bark when the
bird springs from bis resting place.
All this was dono to perfection by
the boy, bnt tho master touches were
yot to come. With a small piece of
twig he rattled "tick, tick, tick, tick,
tick," like the short patter of a mouse
on dry leaves, for all mice travel iuter-
iniltiugly��� thore is a short rush and
thou a halt for a few seconds. No owl
was visible yet, but the bird had got
close when ho heard the rustle. As
the lad squeaked as a mouse will when
he runs at night, he looked up and
pointed. There was the owl ready for
his mouse. When the bird caught
sight of us, he departed in the same
noiseless fashion iu which he had arrived.���St. James Budget.
Had Fun With the Policeman.
It is seldom that one of the finest
gets such a scare as a member of the
force received the other night on Park
row in front of the postolfice. This
policeman has made himself obnoxious
to the newsboys who congregate around
tbe postoflice. He seemed to them to
take delight in moving them on. The
boys had no redress, but at last they
took up a scheme which  has afforded
his evil spirits back to him for fear of j pleasure to small boys more than once.
tho displeasure of bis superior divinity.
This child's play received tbo perrais- J
sion and co-operation of the local an- :
thortties.���Loudon Times.
How the Solomon Islanders Obtain Fire.
They select a stake ot dry, soft wood
about us thick as a man's wrist. From
this they slice off u few chips in one
place, so as to make a flat surface for
rubbing. Tho stake is then placed on
the ground in front of the operator,
who sits at one end of it and holds it
firmly between his toes. Ho then
takes a piece of hard wood, shaped like
a pencil, and holding it with both
hands begins rubbi-g up and down the
flat surface of the stake.    A groove is
soon formed  in the stake  and a dark
colored dust, which  ia pushed Jo J:he j wheni,0 tripod and fell.
They secured an old pair of trousers,
together with a coat and a lint, which
they stuffed with straw. Waiting until the policeman was looking in thoir
direction, two of them, with the dummy between them, boldly walked out of
Beekman street and started across Park
row toward the postoflice. Tho sight of
tho two boys in charge of a man who
apparently could uot tako care of himself interested the policeman, and he
started to follow them. Tho boys
walked on until they reached the middle of tho street, when thoy threw the
figure on the track before an approaching horse car and fled.
With a pale faco and an involuntary
cry of terror tho policeman ran toward
tho body. Ho had gone but a few feet
The driver
end of the groove.    By und by this dust I 0f7l'i"e car piTon tho brake just as the
hogins to smolder.     Next  a  piece of
dried touchwood is applied and blown
np until  it glows.    In  this way, and
with perfectly dried wood, a native will
I produce fire  in something loss than a
I minute.      But    tho  art  is  not  easily
! learned, and a European who lived on
I the island for some time says that al-
j though he bad  tried until his shoulder
ached  he was  never uble  to produce
| more than smoke.���New York World.
horses reached tho body. Just then
two boys rushed from the postoflice,
seisr-d the body by the legs, one on each
side, and ran down Beekman street with
it luuid the shouts of their companions,
who had been silent but much amused
witnesses of tho joke. The policeman
did not follow.���New York Sun.
To Annoy Napoleon.
A curious anecdote, of which we
may say, Si non e vero e ben trovnto.
is illustrative of the disposition of Talleyrand. It was resolved that each of
the allied powers should designate a
commissioner charged with the surveillance of Napoleon at St. Helena.
Talleyrand proposed to the king for
this ollice M. de Moutchenu, di scribed
ns "an insupportable babbler, a complete nonentity." Ou being naked why
lie had selected this man. Talleyrand
replied: " It is tho only revenge which 1
wish to take for his treatment of mo.
However, it is terrible. What a punishment tor a man of Bonaparte's stump,
to be obliged to live with an ignorant
and pedantic chatterer!  1 know bim. Hu
will not be able to support this annoyance. It will make bun ill, and he will
dio of it by slow degrees."���Edinburgh
'.to view.
Ho ll.-ul None.
A Scandinavian fish peddler, unfamiliar with our language, was thrashing
his horso while driving down tho street.
A lady belonging lo the Society Ftir the
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals stop-
lied bim aud exclaimed, "Have you no
mercy, sir?"
"No, ma'am," replied the peddler,
with a strong Scandinavian accent,
'only codfish and halibut."���Woman's
Professor Thomson Was Snubbed.
As near to recreation as anything of
tho ki.id ever engages t be a I ways earnest
attention i.l I'roftsHor Eiihu Thomson
is tec interest which he shows iu tho
nil ged applications of electricity, particularly iu regard to the devices by
winch the  unscrupulous play upon the
ex,.' is and the suffering.    While nt
the nricago fair he examined at a selling stand a so called electrical appliance  to  be win  ia tho shoes for tbe
cure of varioiiK nilii'cnls from cold feet
npwnrd.    The  young wiiuian  volubly
described tbo  apparatus   m  political
piirase.    "claiming   everything,"    and
i then  proceeded  to explain  the "scicn-
! title principles" by which  the  electric
I current would  pass up one limb to tho
! heart and iY-ii down   by the other one.
anil imu b  i..ore  of  thu like ilk.    The
i prob'ssor mildly stated that electricity
31(1   hot operate  in   the manner stated,
When   tl'.e   young   woiuiiu   indignantly
swept ttie goods back into the showcase,
I exclaiming, "Well, what do you know
about   electricity   anyway?"���Boston
I heard a good story the other day
about a matrimonial agoncy. An elderly man hud three daughters, who ruled
him with a rod of iron. Weary of thoir
tyranny, he advertised in a paper for a
wife. Next day he received three replies���one from each of the daughters!
���Exchange. .
The Marriage Line.
An interesting discussion has sprung
np among the palmists in regard to the
line of the hand known as the marriage
lino. Ono recognized authority says
that when this line curves upward the
possessor is uot likely to marry ut all.
Oilier experts reply that they know
many married and happy people with
such a line. It is also alleged that the
transverse line on the "hill of Mercury," which one party says is the marriage line, is not so considered by tfie
Chirologicnl society. "Our opinion,"
Bays the editor of the party organ, "ia
that theso lines are signs of attachment,
and there is scarcely a hand ever seen
without at least one in the hand of
either married or unmarried people."
Gasnbler* Believe There Is Great T.iick In
Catskins ��� Some Bring Fancy Prices,
While Others Are Dirt Cheap���A Chicago Dealer Who Knows All About It.
"What in the world do you do with
all of those catskins?" inquired a reporter of a well known dealer in furs in
this city.
"Sell 'em," sententiously replied the
"Yes, truo enough, If yon can find
"Don't fret yourself about that, my
son. Buyers are plentiful. All classes
of peoplo call for'em, but they are in
demand chiefly among gamblers���a
vory superstitious class���who wear 'em
for good luck."
"Are any colors declared off?"
"Decidedly so. The greatest virtue
lies in those of Stygian blackness���nature's own dyeing. Art is deceiving as
well as louji, and we call In tho dyer
to meet this demand. He transforms
tabbies, tortoise, gray, Maltese and all
other off slim..s into jet black. Still,
as vou boo, wo curry all colors, because
tastes will vary, you know."
"What use do the sporting gentry
find for the pelts?"
"The orthodox and accepted fashion
is that of wearing the skin next to the
chest, the hair nestling against the
man's epidermis."
"Must be charming in summer
"Superstition and fashion take pretty strong hold on people. Seriously, I
am telling you the simple truth. 1
know gamblers whose names aro familiar to you who wonld sooner appear upon the streets in the decollete garb of
an African doko than divest themselves
of their precious calskin charm. Why
iliould you be surprised?" added the
inriier, who is somewhat of an antiquarian, "The Egyptians worshiped
the cat. the animal from whicli 04ir feline is descended, und embalmed it by
i be million. It wasn't much of a leap
from adoration of the creature to faith
that yin no lies in its integument. The
garments of departed saints, as well as
their bones, teeth and nail parings, are
declared to have healing iu them, and
millions of good souls devoutly believe
in these relics."
"Oh, Chicago, Chicago, with the
twentieth century so near"	
"What is tho matter with you? Why,
the practice of wearing the skins is by
no means local. On the contrary, we
supply tho trade at New Orleans, Atlanta. Galveston, San Francisco, Portland. New York, Baltimore, Philadelphia and cultured Boston even. My
father sold catskins .10 years ago."
"Are their virtues restricted to the
realms of dice and cards alone?"
"By no means. All classes of people wear them. Only yesterday a lawyer���a regular sober side of a fellow,
who is said to be in training for a
judgeship, bought tho finest skin in the
collection, paying me $8 for it. Yes,
he said he wanted it for a friend, and
he did���his very dearest friend���himself."
"What becomes of the old ones, for 1
suppose they finally wear out?"
"Why, to be sure, liko all things
earthly. Their owners wear out, despite thoir reputed nine lives. Then
they sometimes lose their efficacy. Let
a gambler have an uncommon run ot
ill luck, aud he makes a scapegoat of
his fetich. With many incantations he
consigns it to the flames, tor it would
never do in the world to let it fall into
the bands of another so long un ho is
living. This would mean the fortune
of the new possessor nnd tho irretrievable ruin of the other fellow.
"Many gamblers," continued the
furrier, "possess several fikins. One 1
know has one for each day of the
week, and ho is most careful to mako
i.o mistake in the wearing of them. His
Monday guard would uot avail for
Tuesday, iu.,1 his Saturday wear would
cripple his Friday plans. Such blunders could only be corrected by hoodoo
doctors of skill." ..-���
"Von romance well."
"1 maintain the truth of all I say.
You huve your superstitions and I have
mine. Shall we torture thoso who differ with ns? The cat bus beon man's
companion from the beginning. Away
back iu the orient tho cat's presence
marks man's home. Its virtues are
strong enough to win and hold the affection of woman, and that's more than
many men can boast. But 1 do not defend the superstition."
"What aro these black ones worth,
anyway?" demanded the reporter, feeling in his pockets.
"They range from |1.75 to |3.75.
The dyed ones are lower, and 1 can pick
you out a good one for nbout fl.Bft to
|l.n0. Perhaps a gray or spotted one
would suit you. Here's one a bit off
that I'd sell you for 75 cents. While it
may not have thu virtue of a prime
black, it might do well as a Starter."
"You have no secondhand urticlo?"
"Havon't 1 said that people guard
against that? When an unfortunate
gambler dies no ono would touch his
leavings, but when a rich or lucky one
goes off there's u rush among the fraternity for his catskin. It hasn't been
so very long ugo that a knight of tho
card table in this city made a journey
to New Orleans solely for tho pnrpoao
of possessing himself of a peculiarly
lucky skin left by a gambler who had
recently died, and he paid u good round
sum for it too. But tho demand is
steady with us, and prices hold good.
To be suro they are tanned, and well
tanned too, but the charm lies in preserving intact every hair, which, like
those of the head, would seem to be all
numbered."���Chicago Tribune.
When a clumsy man has stepped on
a lady's trailing skirt, before he begins
to apologise he should always get off
the skirt. \3<*
Britinh and French Troops have an
Liverpool, Jan. 5,���A despatch from
Sierra Leone, on tho west coast of
Africa, says: "Captain Lendy and Sergeant Liston, of the British army, together with 20 men of a West India
regiment, have been killed at Warina in
the interior. The details of the affair
are very meagre. Captain Lendy had
charge of the newly organised Frontier
Police and it is surmised that at the
timo of the mishap he was in command
of the frontier expedition and the
French mistook hi in aud his men for
tho natives against whom they were
then operating.
Loudon, Jan. 5.���The news received at
Liverpool concerning the. slaughter of
British troops In the interior of Sierra
Leone has been confirmed by the advices
of the Foreign and War offices. The officers killed were Captain Lendy, Lieutenant C. W. Houghton, Lieutenant Liston and a Sergeant. The 26 privates
who wero shot were all negroes. The
Government despatches are withheld und
only part of their contents can be ascertained. According to all accounts the
French opened lire upon tho British
troop-: without provocation or warning. How they could have made such a |
mistake it is very difficult to conceive, j
as the West India regiment wear bright:
scarlot uniforms, carry British arms and I
observe all the regulations of army dis-
dpi Ine. The attack took place in the
district whose possession is still a mat- !
tor of dispute between France and Ehk- '
laud. Some time ago Captain Lendy I
was supposed to be hemmed iu by unlives
near Koranko, und a detachment of he
West India regiment was sent to bis aid.
Then a larger force from the same regiment was dispatched after the lirst. lt
la not known whether both forces were :
with him at the time of the French at-
tack. Captain Lendy left Liverpool in
November, 1892. Tho French somo time
ago took po-session of the town, Pera j
Makonah, in tho interior. This town
was claimed by the English and Captain
Lendy was despatched with a small police
force to relievo the British garrison at
Taluta in the same district. All reports
of his progress and experience since he
set out have been meagre and contradictory. The main British expedition sent
to Korauka was commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Ellis and consisted of 120
Frontier Police aud 431 West Indians.
It was sent against the marauding Sofas who have long been troublesome.
Great Britain bad informed Franco of
the objects and scope of the expedition,
knowing that French troops also vere
punishing the Sofas, under Aptnay Sam-
adoo. Those at Koran ko heard from
the French. Great Britain was not
aware that the French were far enough
south to come in contact with the British troops. The French troops consisti d
chielly of Senegals officered by Frenchmen. Captain Lendy recently was decorated with the Distinguished Service
Order as a reward fur his services.
The Britisli captured a French officer at
Brazil's Revolt.
London, .Ian. 5.���In the House to-day
further questions were asked regar ing
the situation at Rio and tho protection
afforded British interests. Hon. U. K.
Shuttleworth, secretary of the admiralty,
replied that England had a greater number of ships there than any other country. Sir Aslimead Bartlett asked: "Do
you imply that the British squadron at
Rio is stronger in point of armament
than any other squadron there? I ask
the question," he added, "because ships
representing one of the naval powers
there are twice as strong as the British
ships." The secretary replied that the
admiralty was of the opinion that the
British force at Rio de Janeiro was sufficient to perform its duty.
Rio de Janeiro, Jan. 5.���Yellow fever
season has set In here. Two cases of the
disease and one death were reported today. Shore leave of all members of
foreign war ships now in the harbor has
been stopped. It is reported that tbe
two cruisers Nlctheroy and America.aud
two torpedo boats, have left Pernambuco
for Montevideo to join Pixoto's loval
ships here. Thev aro expected to arrive
soon. The resignation of Senor Chaves,
Pelxoto's minister of marine, caused
much comment. Coming as it did just
when a great naval conflict was expected
at any time, it did considerable damage
to the Government cause In public estimation. Rear Admiral Coalho Nett) was
appointed yesterday to till tho position.
Montevideo, Jan. 5.���News froir, the
Rio Grande do Sul frontier suys that
General lllppulyte lias abandoned tho
city of Santa Ana, aud all theCastilhista
families there have lelt and gone to
Riviera. Gen. Raffuol Cahda, with 3,000
men has set out to meet Hippolyte's
forces and give them batllo
Lisbon, Jan. 5.���The tight that occurred at Rio Negro, iu the state of
Santa Catharine, between Government
forces and the Insurgents, resulted in
favor of tho Government soldiers. Ihe
insurgents lost forty killed and nineteen
prisoners. The date on which the engagement took place was not given. A
number of guns and a quantity of munitions of war were captured by the Government forces. The dispatch adds that
on December 16, IB and 17 the insurgent
war ships Ainazonas, Giauabara, La-
mana, Tamadare and Jupiter bombarded
Rio.   many   persons   being   killed   and
.1 Dump Watch.
Iii stepping from the sail-boat to the
shore., Mr. Owen's loot slipped and ho
went Into the waler. In ��u Instant he
had scrambled out, and atouco examined
his watch lo see if It had slopped. No;
ll was going just as usual, and continued
going for several days when it stopped.
IIu took It to a well-known Jeweller lu
the great metropolis and had itexamlned.
As soon as tlie expert workman opened
the watch lie began to read to the owner
a lecture somewhat after ibis fashion:
"The Instant you have, reason to think
your watch Is wet or damp, drop it al
once Into alcohol. The alcohol has a
great affinity for water, and will carry ll
off; It will penetrate to every part of tho
watch without Injuring It In the least,
and when after a few minutes vou remove the watch from the spirit, which
will soon evaporate, the ��atch Is as good
The Year Reviewed.
In their monthly freight and shipping ,
report for January, Messrs. R. P. Rithot
& Co., Victoria, say: "At the beginning of I
a new year we naturally turn to tabulated
reports of the various industries of the
Province, in order to ascertain their posi-1
tion as compared witb a vear ago. An I
examination of the figures at present j
available leads to the conclusion that,
during the period just ended, substantial
progress has been made, and the outlook
for the future is very hopeful. To thia
general statement, however, an exception must be mude in the case of lumber,
the trade in which has been of fair proportions it is true, but owing to great
depression in all consuming markets,
prices have been unremunerative. These
remarks also apply, although In much
smaller degree, to tbo coal industry, in
which shipments have, been, with one
execution, larger than ever before, but
the general result has been disappointing. Tho salmon season turned out
entirely successful, tho run being particularly good on tho Fraser river, and
the pack was tho largest on record. A
close estimate gives tho aggregate as
about 57r>,000 cases, of which upwards
of 400,000 cases have been sold or consigned to English markets, while the
balance has been disposed of mainly in
Eastern Canada. Australia and locally.
The value of the pack Is aboutS2,750,000.
When we add that, in addition to the
above, more than 2,000,000 puunds fresh
and smoked and 4,000 barrels salted
salmon have been exported, the importance of the industry will be recognized.
The past season has been a good ono for
sealers, but as the subject has been referred to In previous Issues of this circular, thore remains little to add, save that
the recent sales of seal skins in London
have yielded fairly satisfactory results,
and that the sealing Hoot will number
very much the same vessels as last year.
It would bo rash to attempt to forecast
the effect of the new regulations, as only
a practlal trial can test their utility or
futility. Such a trial will no doubt be
afforded during tho coming season.
The United Slates and Hawaii.
Now York, Jan. 7.���Tho Sun's Washington correspondent telegraphs to-day:
President Cleveland and Secretary of
State Greshain, although they would not
publicly admit it, were compelled to say
tothi members of the Foreign Affairs
committees of the two houses, who
called upon them, that Minister Willis
had actually called upon the Provisional
Government to resign and make way for
the restoration of Queen Llliuokalani
who had, upon reflection, consented to
be restored to the throne. This information came to the State Department
this morning In a long cypher despatch
from Honolulu, brought to San Francisco
by the revenue cutter Corwin, which arrived at that port last night. The despatch bas been translated at the State
Department, but its contents will not be
given out for publication. It U now the
intention of the administration to inform
Congress of thn latest phase of tho Hawaiian sitiia ion as soon as tho mail
advices brought to San B'rancisco by the
Corwin are received at Washington,
which will be on Thursday or Friday
next. The administration officials say
that it will not be necessary for Representative Hltt to press the resolution
which he introduced to-day and which
was sent to the Committee on Foreign
Affairs, as Congress will be promptly put
In possession of all the facts without compulsion.
Tbe Herald's Washington correspondent
telegraphs in reference to the above that
tho Provisional Government declined to
abide hv President Cleveland's decision
and President Dolo had expressed the
determination to resist by force of arms
any attempt by tho Queen's forces to
oiis  him.
Railway Rate War.
Chicago, Jan. 5.���A big railroad war
seems inevitable unless the transcontinental lines, representatives of which
are in conference in this city to-day,
agree to allow the Canadian Pacific the
differential rate which It demands, 810
ou first-class business and 85 on second,
from St. Paul to the Pacific. II the demand is refused the agreement for the
restoration of passenger rates to North
Pacific coast points recently adopted by
tho Great Northern, Northern Pacific
and Union Pacific will be nullified and a
rate war will bo Inaugurated. Somo of
the conferees aro said to be In favor of
granting a smaller differential than that
demanded. Iu case of failure to reach
an agreement and a renewal of tho rate
war, the eastern connections of tho Canadian Pacific will not be able to refuse
thu latter's rates as basing rates, as the
interest law provides that rates tendered
to connecting lines must bo accopted as
basing rates.
*mit*lted I'll a Locomotive.
Bedford, Que., Jan. 4.���A terrible accident occurred last evening at Stan-
bridge stution to a party of 15 young
peoulo who were starting by team for
Heniyville. They had just loft Gosse-
lin's hotel, and were iu tlie act of crossing the Central Vermont railway track
when the mall train from Montreal camo
rushing' into the station. The horses
cleared the Hack, but tho sleigh was
struck und suiushed to pieces, and two
of the occupants fatally hurt, the others
escaping with slighter injurlos. Tho
Victims of the disaster were Alfred Do-
herty, aged 23. of Providence, R. I., a
theological siudent and English teacher
at St. Mary's collego, fatally Injured,
died at 3 a.m. Mr. (losselln, aged 17, of j
Rockland. Vt,, wounded lu the head, not
expected to recover. Oscar Dupols of)
llenryvllle, foul crushed, leg amputated
below the kneo. Joseph Dupols, cut
about the bead and faco, not seriously I
hurt: Kinuia Doherty. aged 17, sister of |
Alfred Doherty, not seriously hurt.
as ever, and yon in ed n
watchmaker. II vou ca i
alcohol, put it into k.oro
it to a
in 10
After getting il
eler us lo ihe cosl of l'i
consulted anntlu r exn
the same lecture i
same words, f me
repair at. a cusl ol i I
worth, or less, oi
plied, would hav save
lay If the owner li i I,
under the ulruuiiislui ���
this jew-
r    O.veu
.i   ,u
promptly up-
io In el until   v, n.ii   to do
Tyndalt't Latest Idea.
Now York, Jan. 0.���Prof. Alux. J, Mc-
Ivor Tyndall, who claims that ho can
discover the guilt or Innocence of alleged
crlmlnlals by hypnotism, yesterday announced thai, he would sail for England
to-day, for the purpose of persuading
the English authorities to allow him to
hypnotise Mrs. Maybrlck, who Is serving
u life sentence In England for tho murder of her husband, and while In that
condition force hor to recall all sho
knows about her husband's death, so
that hor guilt or Innocence may be demonstrated. Prof Tyndall is the man
Who claims that ho can hypnotise himself, remain apparently dead for days,
,inil thon como hack to life, llo offered
to allow himself to be burled for SO days
in I'bieiiiri, dining tbo World's Fair but
the Chicago authorities told blm there
wus no vacancy for him In the Potter's
The Action of Chloroform.
The impression held by Dr. George
F. Shrady as to the greater safety of
chloroform in young people, relatively,
than in old, is of note in connection
with the csbo of a boy patient, about 0
years of age, whom he saw in consultation with two other physicians, and who
was to undergo an exploratory operation for a wound of the head sustained
in falling down stairs. Ho passed very
aasily under chloroform anaesthesia,
when suddenly he coased breathing, tbe
eyes became glassy, and death pallor
quickly spread over his face. Bystanders said the boy was dead, and Dr.
Shrady was ready to express the same
opinion, but concluded to institute artificial respiration at once, and continued it 20 minutes before obtaining any
sign of life���respiration had entirely
ceased, the radial pulse could not be felt,
and the only evidence of life had been a
few convulsive heart beats.
Suspension by the feet was tried aa
well as the inhalation of nitrate of amy 1.
The case appeared desperate, and though
tempted repeatedly to abandon his
efforts Dr. Shrady was finally rewarded by the return of consciousness. This
was his first unpleasant experience with
chloroform, although constantly on the
lookout for it. It demonstrated in u
striking manner tho rapidity and force
of its action at a time when danger was
perhaps least expected. The patient's
heart waa sound, the chloroform of
guaranteed purity, and overy precaution observed.���New York Tribune.
Raining Cnts end Dogs.
Many explanations have been given of
the origin of the expression "raining
cats and dogs." Une is that it is a perversion of the French "catadoupe"���a
waterfall���'' it is raining a catadoupes,''
or cataracts. Another explanation is
that the male blossoms of the willow
tree, which are used on Palm Sunday to
represent the branches of palm, were
called "cats and dogs" in some parts
of England, where they increase rapidly
after a few warm April showers, and
the belief prevailed that the rain brought
Others trace the saying to northern
mythology, in which ths cat is said to
have great influence on the weather,
and sailors still have a saying, "The cat
has a gale of wind in her tail," when
she is unusually frisky. Witches that
rode npon the storms were said to assume the form of cats, and the stormy
northwest wind is called "the cat's
nose" in the Hartx mountains even at
the present day. Then the dog is a symbol of wind, which in old German pictures is figured as the head of a dog or
wolf from which blasts issue. The cat,
therefore, symbolizes a downpour of
rain; the dog, strong gusts of wind,
which accompany it, and so a rain "of
cats and dogs" is a heavy rain with
wind.���Brooklyn Eagle.  A
the room. It was a good deal of a
shock to McGloin, but not enough to
break down his bravado.
"What in does this mean?" he
demanded boldly.
"Oh, nothing,"replied the inspector
nonchalantly. " It is merely a pistol 1
wanted to see." Then he picked it tip.
"Handsome weapon, isn't it, McGloin?
Might kill a man, eh?"
Then, laying the pistol down again,
the inspector went on calmly talking
about the crime. McGloin, beginning
to feel the mystery, the dramatic force
of it all, was getting nervous. He looked
for a moment at the inspector, but one
long, steady, searching glance from
those penetrating eyes made him quickly turn away and direct his gaze out of
the window into the courtyard again.
Thns relieved of the strain of seeing
disagreeable things, he began to regain
his self possession. "A man named
Barber saw that crime committed,"
Baid the inspector quietly. McGloin'
started a trifle at hearing the name.
Then Byrnes saw his face pale, and hia
mouth twitch, and knew that Barber
was being led across the yard between
two officers, and that McGloin was
watching them. Even this did not
break McGloin down, however. Five
minutes later, though, when Flint, the
Bccond witness, was marched between
two bluecoats across the court, he started almost from Mb chair. "Sit still,
McGloin," said Byrnes impassively.
"Another of those witnesses I spoko
about was named Flint." From that
time on McGloin weakened. Then, having spoken about Flint's connection
with the crimo, Byrnes said, a tew minutes later, "And the third witness. McGloin, was Henry Farley." As the
words left Byrnes' lips Farley began a
Blow progress across the yard. Byrnes
had worked ihe third degree. McGloin
yielded all at once. With a cry of tor-
ror, ho literally sprang from his chair,
and falling to his knees clasped Byrnes
about his logs, crying liko a child, confessing and begging the inspector not to
have him hanged. His prayer was not
granted, however. He was executed a
year later in the Tombs yard, and the
threo witnesses wore sent to state prison
for 13 years each. Among thoso rope
ends and black caps in that glasB case
now la one bearing on a bitof cardboard
tho name "McGloin."���New York
Humbert's Civil IJst.
The civil list or salary of King Humbert of Italy is the largest of all those
paid by European nations to their respective sovereigns. This is so much
more remarkable because Italian
finances aro at the lowest ebb. Humbert's civil list is fixed annually at 14,-
800,000 francs���nearly |8,000,000. The
European sovereigns who receive the
blghoBt pay below that of Humbert are
Emperor William of Germany, with a
civil list of 13,000,000 francs, and
Queen Victoria, with about 9,000,000.
���Now York Tribune.
Death Sentence.
Paris, Jan. 10.���The trial of Augusto
Vaillant. tho Anarchist who throw a
bomb Iii the Chamber of Deputies, has
resulted In the prisoner being condemned
to doath.
Bull of Montreal
Corner of Columbia & MeKenzie Sts.,
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,    -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings  Bank
Has  been  opened   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and one-half per cent.
Mire : aid: Meittii.
Telephone 170. Corner of
P.O. Box 58. Agues A- MeKenzie Sts,
COOKING,     ^     Q
��� 5
-CALL  AT���
& HOY'S, 2
Dupont Block,  Columbia St. ���
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather  and   Rubber
Belting,      Crockery,
Lamps and Glassware.
Tho abovo steamer makes regular trips
betwoon Westminster and Langley, taking Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at Hembrough's brick yard,
Port Kulls and all other Intermediate
points. Parties anxious to reach Clovordalo and other points in Surroy, and who
miss tho train, will often find this boat
Loavos Westmlnstor every day at 3 p. m.
.except Saturday, whon she leaves at
3 p. m.
Leaves Langloy evory day at 1) a. -m. except Fridays, whon sho leaves at 8
a. m. for Westminster market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at 5 p. in.
No trips ou Sundays.
c. Mcdonough
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock op
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats and
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Hen's and Boys' Suits.   Great Variety of Household Articles.   Also Grain, Seed*
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produco bought at market rates or sold on commission.   Orders from thar
Interior promptly attended to.
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
is published overy Saturday, by
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets
(Directly In rear of Bunk of Montreal.)
Subscription. $1.00 per annum, in advance
Transient Aiivertisments���Ton conts per
line, for ouch insertion. All transient
advertisements to be measured as solid
nonparlel���12 lines to the Inch.
3oMMEnciAi, advertisements���in displayed
typo: Special rates, made known on application.
occupy a space of moro than one inch, and
set solid In uniform style, tl 25 per month,
or by yearly contract. $12.00.
IMALL   Advertisements   of Wants,  Lost
Found, etc.. of not moro than one inch
space, 11.00 for three insertions.
���iKADiNO Notices���20 conts per line, oacli insertion, unless otherwise contracted for
tuiTns, Marriages and Deaths���50 cents.
New Westminster, B. C.
Business Manager.
��ltc  pacific  fficwtttMim.
In this issue of the Canadian will be
round what the editor-reporter believes
lo be a fair and truthful report of the
public meeting held at Surrey Centre by
Messrs. Kitchen and Sword. M.l'Ps., on
Trlday afternoon of last week. A re-
jort of tho same meeting appeared this
week In the Vancouver News-Advertiser,
and if tho two reports aro compared it
R'ill be found that they agree 119 nearly
is might be expectod, coming from distinct pencils. The News-Advertiser's report practically ends with the close of
the three main addresses delivered on
the occasion. We have carried it farther,
5n order to correct a garbled misropre-
lentation of the proceedings which appeared In Monday's issue of the Columbian
of this city. The statements of our co-
temporary to which objection is taken
are contained in the following :
"Mr. Galbraith, editor of tho Pacific
Canadian, was the next speaker. He
spoke at some length in favor of a resolution whicli he read to the meeting,
censuring the two Independent mem-
hers and endorsing Mr. Punch and the
Government. Mr. Galbraith did not
move the resolution himself, but read
out as movor the name of Mr. McCallum, and as seconder that of Mr, H. T.
Thrift, who, unfortunately, was in the
"The alleged movor of the resolution.
lor somo reason, did not answer to his
name, but the seconder's native modesty
and position as chairman combined did
not prevent blra from lustily supporting
Jhe motion, which it would be his duty
thereafter to put to the meeting and impartially decide as to whether It had
larried or not.
"Before the motion was put, Mr. Foster, M.P.P., rose, and, in a short but
jpirlted address, scored the promoters of
the resolution for the mean, truckling
spirit which they displayed, and recommended the meeting not to make Surrey
tontomptlble by passing such a resolution. Mr. Foster's remarks were well
icceived and applauded.
"After Mr. Foster had concluded, a
mysterious slip of paper found its way
irom the audience to the chairman, who,
after rending It,looked appealing!)' at Mr.
Balbraith, the foster-mover of the troublesome resolution, who rose to the occasion, and suggested that lt might be
as well to withdraw the resolution.
"The chairman-seconder thought the
5dea not a bad one; he was willing if
the mover was.
"The mover's unbroken silence being
taken lor consent, the terrible resolution, notwithstanding Mr. Kitchen's
luggestion that it should be put by all
means, was lnglorlously withdrawn, and
the meeting adjourned."
The Canadian will this evening bo In
the hands of scores of the electors who
iverc present at the meeting and who
lave personal knowledge of the proceedings, and we do not hesitate to say that
there is not one of them but will brand
the Columbian't so-called report as unworthy of any respectable newspaper.
The statement In the last paragraph of
the above extract sounds very much like
ihe vanity of Mr. Kitchen, and we are
only sorry the Columbian may not be ox-
eused of tho whole contemptible misrepresentation on tho grounds of ignorance of the facts. What any journal
can hope to gain for Itself or Its party,
ty abusing tho confidence of Its readers
as to matters of fact it Is difficult to seo,
and If othor political reports of our contemporary aro of tho same pattern as
tho one under consideration, it Is not hard
to account for the want of correct knowledge on passing political events occasionally mot with In tho District. As to
tho Surrey mooting, tho audience was at
least two to ono In favor of the Government party, and tho whole manner of
Mr. Kitchen showed unmistakably that
he folt this. The motion Introduced by
Mr. Galbraith only needed to bo put to
lie carried with enthusiasm, and it certainly would havo been put had not Hon.
Mr. Davie stood boforo tho mooting and
jtenerouslv askod that it be withdrawn,
saying that It placod him in a falso position. Out of deference to tho Premier
the mover and seconder consented. The
Columbian is correct In saying that tho
leconder ot the motion was chairman of
the meeting. This was an accident. Tho
motion was drafted and signed just boforo tho meotlng opened, and at that
time no ono thought of Mr. Thrift as
chairman, as It was of course expected
that position would bo filled by 9ome one
in sympathy with tho parties who called
lhe,meetlng. ft is not quite clear why
it was not, unless It may have been that
no one on that side had courage equal to
tho occasion.     Mr.   Thrift   appears to
have been wrongly placed, but he
offended no further, for It Is not true
that ho supported the motion from the
chair. Neither is it true that Mr.Foster
scored the promoters of the resolution
for the "mean, truckling spirit," etc.
Mr. Foster bears himself as a gentleman,
and he was, besides, well aware that
Mr. Kitchen had opened the meeting by
inviting an expression of opinion, that
being indeed the avowed purpose of tho
the wholo series of meeting. It may not
bo amiss to note here that if half-a-dozen
peoplo get together and pass a weak
motion of confidence, tho Columbian Is
overjoyed at the enthusiasm manifested,
but if a large and representative body of
electors meet in solemn debate and pass
a vote of "no confidence," that is truckling meanness. To return, the mysterious piece of paper roferred to by our
cotemporary was a note from Mr. Foster
tn the chairman, said to be an amendment, but its contents wore not made
known to the meeting, and it was
promptly recovered from the chairman
when the motion was withdrawn. Then
It is absolutely untrue that Mr. Kitchen
suggested "that the motion should be
" put by nil means." He never made
any suggestion whatever bearing on the
motion, and Instead of being Inglorious,
the withdrawal of the resolution evidenced the glorious magnanimity of the strong
towards the weak.
This correction and unpleasantness
would not have been necessary if the
Coliimliian had manifested the same
honesty and discretion as its fellow-
Journal of tho Opposition, tho News-
Advertiser, which was represented at the
table by a reporter, and knew well that,
as to tho Surroy meeting, "least said
soonest mended."
And Messrs. Kitchen and Sieord get a
Set Hack.
The political meeting held in the Town
Hall, Surrey, last week, gave the people
of the central section of that municipality a chance to meet and form somo
opinion of two of their representatives
whom few of them had theretofore any
personal knowledge of. Thero had been
a prevailing idea that Mr. Kitchen was
an over-voluble, but on the wholo a
pleasant speaker. It is certain there
was marked disappointment, perhaps
because of over expectation, or it maybe
that the gentleman from Chilliwack loses
his nerve and cannot do justice to himself in an adverse assemblage Whatever be the reason, Mr. Kitchen did not
fill expectations in Surrey, and as a
public speaker he Is poorly thought of
bv the people of that municipality. Mr.
Sword, on the other hand, caught his
listeners by the outspoken and straightforward manner in whicli ho addressed
them, and although on the occasion the
weight of opinion was against him, he
Impressed his audience very favorably
and will be remembered and respected
as an agreeable speaker and an upright
As at neighboring meetings, the attendance would probably have been very
small at Surroy Centre, had It not beon
known a few hours before that the Hon.
Premier would be in attendance. Tho
little burst of Opposition that broko out
in Surrey about a year ago has largely
subsided, and there aro few settlers who
would have put themselves to the trouble
to hear the Opposition speakers had it
not been for the larger attraction. As
lt was, there was a thoroughly representative meeting, and the audience was
attentive and orderly throughout. The
weak and reckless way in which Mr.
Kitchen took up false positions and advanced baseless accusations supplied
material for a vigorous address form Mr.
Davie that had a telling effect on thoso
present. Tho Premier put himself into
sympathy with his hearers, discussed
their wants, showed the Injustice of tho
contentions of the Independents, demolished thoirarguments, explained tho action of tho Government In developing tbe
resources of the country, and struck a
chord that vibrated In every breast by
submitting hopeful propositions for the
future. Mr. Kitchen, iu the opposite
vein, gavo it as his opinion that tho
mines would soon "peter" out, that British Columbia is not the rich Province it
Is represented to be, that the promising
Nechaco district is a worthless territory,
whero thick ice forms in tho summer
months, and that to survey now soctions
Is a waste of public money. The settlors
of Surroy did not tako kindly to this decrying of the country, and It no doubt
occurred to many of thorn: What kind of
a man Is this to aspiro to a Cabinet position. Mr. Sword was moro discreet, and
Indeed ho is a man of much hotter
Regarding the Wldo Tiro Act. Mr.
Kitchon was given to understand In no
doubtful terms, tho sentiments of tho
Surroy community, and tho manner In
which his brilliant legislation was
criticised must havo hurt his feelings.
The pride of his legislative creation was
trampled in tho dust, and one can fancy
tho forlorn Statosman exclaiming in his
humiliation: Vanity, vanity, all Is vanity. Still Mr. Kitchon is of the temperament to Bpoedlly rocover. It Is truo the
people of Surroy sat upon him at the late
meeting, but It Is not at all likely ho
knows that.
Some sympathy was expressed for Mr.
Sword, but really If a man travels In bad
company It Is difficult to escape tho consequences. Probably most grown up
readers will remembor a lesson In the
old "A.H.C" book, respecting two dogs
named Snap and Tray. We need not
repeat tho lesson, but thero was a great
deal of truth in it.
The meotlng called for Friday of last
week in tho Town Hall, Surrey, by
Messrs. Kitchen and Sword for the purpose of explaining to tho electors their
political action as representatives of the
district was duly held. Thoro was a
good attendance, and much interest was
manifested. Good order was maintained
and every speaker was given an undisturbed hearing. Mr. II. T. Thrift was
voted to the chair, and opened proceedings by calling upon Mr. Kitchen to address the meotlng. Our spaco will not
permit a full report, as the proceedings
stretched out to unexpected length, but
we will endeavor to fairly present the
substance of what was submitted by tho
several speakers.
Mr. Kitchen said tho purpose of calling
the meeting was to submit to tho electors
a resume of matters that had transpired
in the Legislature during tho past threo
sessions, and to lind if the people wero
satisfied with the action of himself and
Mr. Sword. He would not take up much
time In Ills first address. Mr. Davie being
present, but claimed the right, of reply.
As was well known the representatives of
New Westminster district had been elected as independent, and he would liko the
Hon. Premier to show any one instance
where the Independents had voted
against tho Ministry merely for opposition, or refused to support one measure
that was In the interest of the Provlnco.
They voted for measures and not for
men, and it was on the merits of the
legislation submitted that they had lost
confidence in tho present Government.
Ttko tho treatment of the district. In
the year '91 a largo sum had been borrowed on ihe representation that it
would be applied to building roads and
other public works calculated to open
up the country. But it had not been so
used, and whon the appropriations were
arranged It was found that where the
District of Westminster should havo got
$10 it only got 81, and all the members
could do was to divide up the reduced
sum given them to tho several soctions
in like proportion. Now tho large loan
of a million dollars was gono, and what
was thero to show for it? Thon look at
the revenue. The Government claimed
to have expended in tho district more
than thev received, but what wero the
facts? The revenue received by the
Government from this District amounted
to Sir>0,000 or .5200,00(1; and of this thero
was never given back more than S00,-
000, and while he had been in the House
not more than about $25,000. Instead
of spending the money to make members
solid, it should be put where it would do
most good to the people. Then the question came up, how long could the
countrv be governed by a system of appropriations, without going into bankruptcy. Tho Government was steadily
goi.ig behind at tho rato of some $200,-
000 a year, and in what way was
the people of tho District receiving benefit ? Ho was asking these
things to draw Mr. Davie out,
and would deal with them again in his
reply. When wn ask for appropriations,
wo aro told, "Oh, your District is organized into muncipalities and you collect
your own taxes and should build your
own roads." If Vernon and other districts were served the same way there
would be nothing to complain of, but it
was not so. L��rge sums aro being expended In out of the way districts, and
with annual deficits of $200,000 how long
could the Province stand tho drain? For
salaries alone there was paid out the
large sum of $279,000 for a small population of about 65,000, and then there was
some $155,000 of an annual charge for
Interest and sinking fund of public debt,
without counting the large new debt
that had practically been Incurred for
the new Parliament buildings. Tho
system of borrowing could not continue,
and some scheme must be brought forward to mako the revenue meet the expenditure. Another loan was talked of,
and he would say thero could be no
roasonable objection to borrowing money
on the credit of the country If It was expended for the country's benefit. The
main effort should bo to develope thoso
districts already half opened. Commence
near and work back. Tho policy of ox-
pending largo sums to open back districts
where the land would largely go into tho
hands of speculators was not In the interest of tho Provlnco. Closo to the
cities a large sum was collected, but in
tho more distant soctions tho assessment
was light and only a small tax was collected. A heavier tax would have a
tendency to make theso unproductive
land holders lot go. Then there wero
the timber limits, hundreds of thousands of acres of them, from whicli no
benefits woro received, and the operation
of which, especially in tho neighborhood
of tho camp, cut up and dostroyed the
roads that the peoplo havo to build. He
wanted to know if it was hot an unwise
policy to leaso theso limits, and would it
not be bettor to hold thom for tho Province? He was submitting theso things
for Mr. Davio to explain, and would have
something further to say later on. Let
Mr. Davio say why the districts woro
nnglocted. Large sums were voted and
only small sums granted. Why was tho
grant reduced from $25,000 to $10,000?
What was $10,000 in a largo district like
this, and then pay out of It tho salary of
tho Road Superintendent? It was almost
an insult. If the people wero fairly represented theso things could not be.
Horo thero was one member for 800
votors. Alberni and tho Islands constituency returnod two mombers for 233
voters. Wo ask for appropriations, and
the Government say they can't afford It,
and thon they turn around and say
$25,000 a yoar is nothing to provido tho
now Parliament buildings���a mere bagatelle. When we want it, It Is a big sum.
When wo ask them to repeal the objec-
tlonablo mortgage tax, Ministers tell us
thoy can't afford to loso the $10,000 It
brings In. Wo aro said to bo rabid Oppositionists, but let It bo shown whero we
ovor opposed a measure that was In thn
Interest of tho District, though certainly
he would havo to say that at tho closo of
last sosslon thoy felt obliged to tako a
straight Opposition position, having lost
confidenco in tho Government. The redistribution measure promised at last
session was only a pretonce.    The Gov
ernment knew that If  a  fair  bill was
passed and an appeal made to the country, they would be defeated,  and then
there would be no public buildings at
Victoria. So tho redistribution was withdrawn on the excuse of a mistako in the
census returns.     Tho Government dare
not trust  the   people, and   the   peoplo
shoulu not trust them.    If   they  could
show the necessity of the buildings they
would not have been afraid to go to the
people.    Before doing justico they want-!
bd iirst to accomplish their own object,
and the party to which he (Mr. Kitchen)
belonged had therefore lost confidenco In
the Ministry.  Another sore question was
the Government railway   policy.    The I
power of granting aid in  the way of a j
guarantee of 4 per cent, intorest had not
been objected to,   but   now   power had
been taken   to   guarantee   interest and
principal, too, and yet tho people's representatives   have   no  voice   in    the
management.    The Nakusp   & Slocan
road was owned by a private company,
and yet the Government had guaranteed
both principal and intorest.     In  a fow
years when the mines peter out, and tho
road is worthless, who is It that will havo
to pay the bonds of the Province?   If it
be said that needed roads cannot be built
except by guaranteeing interest and principal, then   the   public  should   be   tho
owners.   Tho companies that build them
on the public credit do i.ut operate them,
but, lease them to others, and there is no
reason why the Government  should  not
be able to lease them to as good advantage as a private company.     He offered
no objection to incurring debt todevelope
the country, but tho money should not
be frittered away.     It was liko a man
with a farm, mortgaging It to buv a line
house, Instead of spending the money on
clearing and  other  sources  of  Income,
and after a while,   when   tho   rovenues
warranted   It,   then   building   tho  fino
house.    People need not look for another
boom, and must reckon on the resources
as thoy are.    Ho   (Mr.   Kitchen)   was
satisfied that ISritish Columbia is not the
rich   Province that  people  have been
boasting of.    Tako away this District
and tho Okanagan country and   the rest
was not of much consequenco for agricultural purposes.    Mining life Is short,
and it is to agriculture and manufactures
that we must look to build up the country.
Away up in Nechaco Valley tho Government had expended large sums in surveys
and represented that country in glowing
colors to induce settlement, saying there
were millions of acres of fine land,  and
yet he had been credibly Informed that
in   that  district  during   the   summer
months a bucket of water placod at the
head of  the  bed   would   freeze before
morning.   This was no placo   to Induce
unfortunate settlers   to   go.     It   may
be a good country, but ho did not  think
so, and he had inquired time and again.
Regarding the Canada Western Railway,
Mr. Davie talked of the Province aiding
that part of the.  road running   to   tho
north of the   Island���this was a   long,
narrow strip of rockv country with few
settlers, and was already easy enough of
approach by the   natural  water   ways,
and it was wrong to incur large expenditure in a  district   like that   when   the
money was so badly needed  hero.   The
Island had already a grievanco with the
railway they had, by the lands being all
locked up from settlement, the company
having the privilege of holding them indefinitely   without   taxation,    and   tho
Canada Western would be the same thing
over again.   Then why were the municipalities robbed of the old grant of $1,000
a year.   In Mr. Robson's timo tho members of the District were consulted as to
the expenditure of whatever grant was
given, but from that day  to this they
had   no voice   in   suggesting   what  is
needed, nor in any other expenditure.
This briugs up another matter.    There
is here a long trunk road south of the
river.   In '91 Mr. Robson said that that
part of it in the municipalities would
thereafter havo to bo maintained bv the
municipalities.   A grant of $40,000 was
asked to put the road in full repair beforo turning it over to the municipalities.   He (Mr. Kitchen) would not have
kicked if that had been dono, but instead
thoy were given a paltry $5,000, and the
same the year after.   The trunk roads
are kept in repair by the Government
in other parts, and why should they not
be In tho municipalities.    He  did   not
think it  was a fair policy to put the
burden on tbe people here.     He would
now closo for the   present,  but before
sitting   down,   would   invite   questions
from any elector present, that being ono
of the purposes for which ho and Mr.
Sword had called these mootings.     (The
audience was  silent   and   no questions
were offered.)   Mr. Kitchen,  resuming,
made some explanations regarding the
Wide Tire Act, and asked for an expression of opinion.
Messrs. G. Boothroyd, Jos. McCallum,
C. Brown and others expressed themselves unfavorably to the Act, and a
numbor of judicious changes were suggested. Tho sense of the meeting was
apparently unanimously opposed to Mr,
Kitchon's wagon legislation.
Mr. Kitchen said if people wanted
changes ho had no doubt the Act would
bo ainonded to suit thom, but all tho responsibility should not be placod upon
him, as Mr. Davio and other members of
the Government had also assisted in
carrying tho measure.
Mr. Sword was tho next speaker. He
said that as Mr. Kitchen had gono at
length into figures, ho did not feel that
It would be doslrablo for him to do so, as
tho intention was to cover as much
ground as possible. Ho would call attention to the changes that had taken
place sinco last election. Tho death of
Mr. Robson had necessitated the calling
into office of anowPremicr,and although
ho was glad to soo Mr. Davio hero today, ho was bound to say that he did
think the change in tho personnel of tho
Ministry had been of any benefit to tho
Province. Mr. Robson had admitted In
'80 that the representation upon which
the elections were held was not what it
ought to have been, but advised the
people to accept it lest they might got
worse under the then constitution of the
House; but although Mr. Robson had
beon returned as senior member for the
District, tho peoplo did not intend thereby to endorse the representation that
had beon given thom. At the last
session Government had promised to
bring in a redistribution bill, but had
withdrawn lt bocaso thoy said the census
returns showed the absurdity of more
white population on tlie island than on
the Mainland. Ho didn't want to go
over all tho figures, as those present had
no doubt heard them often beforo. He
had fully expected tho bill to bo brought
down, and ho beliovod that the Ministerialists did too. It might be that by
voting for the Parliament Buildings, redistribution would be rendered easier,
and a fairer measure might be brought
in with a better chance of being carried.
But tho Govornment had got the Parliament Buildings Bill passed, and then had
not given redistribution.   He was  quite
ready to believe that the Government
would bring In a fair Bill at nextsesslon.
He did   not  object  to  buildings being
located at Victoria, but thero was great
objection to tho expenditure of the large
sum proposed, though the protest was relatively very mild, for he was prepared to
say that if tho position was rovorsed and
It had been proposed to expend tho same
amount on  buildings  anywhere on tho
Mainland, thero would havo been a perfect roar of indignation from the Island,
compared with which tho expressions of
disapproval   hero   woro   but    a   mere
whisper.   It.might ovon be, in that case,
that history would repoat Itself, and the
House bo taken possession of by a riotous
mob.   Here ho wished to say  that the
potition of the Constitutional League was
a spontaneous movement on tho part of
the people, and although ho was a supporter of that movement and had signed
the petition, yet ho wished it understood
that the Independent party was no wav
responsible for' it, and had tako no part
in tho wording of it.     He believed that
every man on tho Mainland would have
signed tho petition if it had not beon for
misrepresentation; opponents saying that
It called for separation, whereas it was
only iu tho last  clause  separation  was
mentioned, and then only as a reference
to indicate the strength of popular   feeling. He did not believe that petition was
entirely void of effect,  and thought the
Province would yet bonelit from it.     At
any rate It was the  only constitutional
means people had of uttering their protest  against  objectionable   legislation.
Touching Mr .Cotton's want of coufidonce
speech, Mr. Davie   had   said   at  Westminster that Mr. Cotton and Mr. Brown
talked differently In the House than thoy
did out of it, but It had never boon maintained that city populations and thoso of
neighboring   rural districts   should   be
givon members ou   the  same  ratio  of
population as the moro distant districts.
For himself,  he  thought  lt   would   bo
absurd to ask Cariboo to bo   represented
by population only, and on this he did
not think thore was any   difference of
opinion.   Regarding  the wild land, the
Government had said that by adopting
the ad valorem tax suggested by tho Independents, they had lost   half   tho revenue from that source.  Ho had himself
wished to amend the clause, so tbat tho
ad valorem tax   should   apply   to highly
assessed properties near the cities, while
tho largo areas in more distant sections
should continue to be taxed specifically.
Ho thought, too, that  in   providing for
improvements  on   wild   land,   a  claim
worth say $20 per acre should call  for
four times as much Improvement as ono
worth only $5 per acre.   He would refer
briefly to the Wide Tire Act    When tho
measure  was   before  the   House most
members were  indifferent,   and only a
few took any Interest; but although the
Act had been  placed  upon  the statute
books, that was no reason it should  not
bo changed to  moot tho views of tho
people.     At   Mission City   the   feeling
against it was very strong.     Lastly he
would urge upon every  man  who was
entitled to vote to seo that bis name was
put upon tho list.   Tho lists wore now
printed, and he was suro tho Government
would give every facility to supply municipalities with copies, and  peoplo could
thon see whothor or not they   wero  registered.   Every effort should  bo made
to get all tho names possiblo,  because it
was upon that basis that representation
should bo given
Hon. Mr. Davie was next called upon.
He said that until yesterday he had not
expected to meet the people here to-day
He had not thought of coming, but hav
ing been requestod by a numbor of people
of Maple Ridge to make inquiries into
dyking matters there, he had been able
to attend the meeting held by Messrs.
Kitchen and Sword at Maple Ridge and
discuss with them the affairs of the Province, and being there had concluded to
stay over another day to meet the people
of Surrey. It seemed to him strange
that the previous speakers, especially
Mr. Kitchen, had ventured to deal with
very few matters concerning the district,
but had confined themsolves to general
subjects, while questions of vital Importance were simply passed by. When he
(Mr. Davie) camo among the people, he
soon learned what they needed, and it
did not take him long when be was here
last Fall to discover that there was a
strong desire that means might be found
to carry to a successful Issue tho dyking
scheme that had resulted so unfortunately for the municipality. The Government without committing Itself, had sent
out an engineer to Investigate the work
and report, but no sound was heard from
Mr. Kitchen in regard to this important
dyke whicli concerns Surrey so closely,
and any suggestion ol what was wanted
to repair it and put it Into working order
so that it might serve'tho purposo intended, that gentleman had heretofore
failed to touch upon, though perhaps
now he would. In regard to the Canada
Western Railway, Mr. Kitchon at Maple
Ridge said that ho (Mr. Davie) had advocated repudiation In his Westminster
speech. But he (Mr. Davio) believed
what ho had stated at that meeting was
right. A copy of that spoech was hore
and he would read tho sentences bearing
on this matter. (Mr. Davio here read
from His Westminster speech.) Resuming
ho said that described the exact position
as it was then and as It is now. Tbo
Canada Western company had submitted
no proposition for tho Govornmont to
deal with. If thoy do submit a business
proposition It will no doubt bo duly considered; tho same as any othor businoss
proposition. But ovon though the Government had a desire to aid the enterprise, nothing could bo dono without
going to tho Houso, and what he had
said was that granting tho Ministry had
sufficient support to carry an undesirable measure through tho Legislature,
still the peoplo would havo an opportunity to pass upon lt, and cancel It if
they chose. A bill like this passed at
the last session of the House, would not
commit the country to lt, fir the Canada
Western was a continental road, and
long before It could bo organized Into
working shape, tho elections would be
over and a new Houso would havo the
right to pass upon lt and cancel It if
they desired. That would not be repudiation, but no moro than an amendment of the statutes such as tho Legislature had a perfect rlglt. to make. It
was one thing to ropiidl:��to an obligation
but a very different thing to repeal a
statute passed In tho closing hours of a
Legislative Assembly. This was supposing tho Government would introduce
legislation contrary to tho interests of
tho Province, which, as before stated,
they had no Intention of doing.    The
Government want to deal  with matters
on a business basis,  and  in  regard to
this road there was nothing In business
shape boforo   them,  and as far as he
could see there was not likely to be any
legislation in connection with it submitted at the approaching session.    It had
beon said that at  Nanalmo  he had advocated a railway to tho   north  ond of
Vancouver Island.   He did not, but had
merely mentioned   that   It might  be a
good thing, but had not undertaken  to
pledge the Govornment to the construction of it.    It may bo that in the course
of time such a road  may  be desirable,
and then It will be proper to consider if
it is not entitled to the same assistance
as other needed roads in  the   Provlnco.
Tho measures of aid to the Shuswap&
Okanagan and to the Nakusp & Slocan
had   passod   the  House    unanimously.
There was no opposition   to   these and
other  enterprises,    Including    a    line
through the Delta to Westminster. Why,
then, if it is  found desirable to extend
aid to those roads, may it not sometime
In tho future be found desirable to aid a
lino to tho north of the Island.  It would
not be a gigantic obligation, and whoro
could be the objection.    It sounds big to
talk of interest on  millions,  but undor
tho conditions attached   to  aid  to railways, tho Provlnco cannot possibly be
the loser.    In tho first   placo before a
guarantee Is given the   company must
get a subsidy from  the  Dominion Government, which must bo handed over to
the Province.     Then   wo   require   tho
local company to enter into arrangement
With the C.P.R. or othor resposible railway establishment to operate tho   proposed road for 25 years   and   to pay to
the Provincial treasury 40 per cont.  of
tli3 gross recolpsor tho road.    Not the
net receipts bear in mind,  but 40 per
cent, of all tho receipts.     Tho Govornmont  receives the  subsidy boforo tho
guarantee takos effect and  tho other
monies aro paid over as thoy aro earned.
On all sides the Govornment Is guarded
against loss.   In the Kootenay District
It was of groat Importance that railway
communication  should   be provided at
onco, as American roads were heading
for that country, and if trade got into
American channels it would be very hard
to recover it again for our own people.
For  this  reason   thero   was  a   great
urgency in the construction of the Nakusp & Slocan road.    The Governmont
made a full investigation of the mining
districts and satisfied themselves thero
was enormous wealth thero before taking action.   Tho limit  of authority   to
aid was to the extent of a guarantee of
4 per cent,  interest  on a construction
cost of $25,000 per  mile.     But  it  was
found that  interest  guaranteed bonds
could not be disposed of except at great
sacrifice, and tho Government therefore
took powor from tho House   to change
tho method by guaranteeing cost of construction also to a certain   limit;   but
they stipulated that the company should
touch no money till tho claim of tho Government is paid off.   You  see now how
much   truth   is   in   the stories  of the
obligations that are taker,  by tbo Government.    Every  dollar goes into   the
Provincial treasury until  all claims of
the Province are   paid.     Mr.   Kitchon
says tho local company does not operate
the road,   but  simply leases  it to tho
C.P.R., and states that it would be far
better if the Government has to pay tho
cost, to build and loase the road themselves.   He (Mr. Davie) begged to differ,
and would  ask  what  had caused  tho
utter collapse In   Australia   except the
system thore of Government railways.
So it was in our own country with the
Intercolonial, which was now and always
had beon operated at a loss, and caused
endless trouble evory session.    No Government can hope to make any money
operating railways.    Suppose the Government owned a  rord from   here  to
Chilliwack, and should fix   a  rate that
would cover the cost of operation, the
result would be that all who used the
road would complain of the charges and
compel the Government to operate it at
a loss.   It would be the same if they
leased it, and the road would be a burden
to tbe country.    Eastern   people complain that the charges on the C.P.R. are
excessive, but however that may be, care
had bf.en taken with   the Shuswap  &
Okanagan and other local roads to guard
against  any exorbitant  charges.    Regarding the Wide Tire Act, he wished to
be always fair with Mr. Kitchen, but he
was astonished at that gentleman endeavoring to put the blame of that Act
upon him.   Briefly, the history of the
Bill In the Legislature was that it in the
main affected Mr. Kitchen's own district,
and it was not likely that on a matter
concerning  his  own  constituency  tho
Government would offer any opposition,
the more so as Mr. Kitchen represented
the people of the district to be in favor
of It.   For himself (Mr. Davio) he had
been for years an advocate of wide tires
for they cortainly  protected  the roads.
Ton years ago���twenty years ago,   the
matter had been advocated in Victoria,
and long before ho had taken actlvo part
in politics ho had been  Impressed with
tho desirability   of   legislation   In that
direction.   But with him it had  been
purely a local matter; and he never contemplated going beyond Victoria district.
In  1887  a  bill   was submitted  in the
Houso providing for wide tires, but there
was a restriction of timo, and it soemed
to him Mr. Kitchen should have followed
that precedent, and if that  had  been
dono there could not be the same objection to tho   measure,   and   any amendment  proposed   in  tbat   way   he (Mr.
Davie) would support. The Government
was In no way responsible for the Act, it
being deemed a matter ot local concern.
Mr. Davie then referred to   the  statement that  tho  Government receives a
revenue from Westminster District of
$150,000 to $200,000, and that the appropriations formerly did  not amount to
more than $90,000 and latterly   to $25,-
000.   He denied that statement. Ho bad
before him tho  official   returns of revenue from Westminster district.    Outside of a few   land sales  they  were as
follows: 1890-91���revenue,   $98,046; expenditure, $109,898.    1891-92���revenue,
$94,646; expenditure, $102,554.   1892-93
���the returns are not made up, but when
the accounts   wore published, the  expenditure would be found   no  less and
probably larger,  while the revenuo so
far amountod to $83,747.    It might be
that In some exceptional year large land
sales had greatly Increased the receipts.
He did not know that was the case, but
It might be.   But that was not the impression Mr. Kitchon had attempted to
convoy.    What has been quoted aro tho
actual returns for tho years stated.   Ho
Mr. Davie) was addressing taxpayers,)
and if these large revenues  were  paid
thoy would know it, for lt would come
out of their pockets,    lt was nothing of W
the kind, and thoy would   find that on
overy occasion the expenditure exceeded
the revonue.   Reference was made   to
his own constituency of Cowichan.     He
had no doubt, that  there  as  elsewhere,
the expenditure would be  found greater
than tho revenue.  He did not know how
much had been oxpended  in Cowichan,
but the Government wished the balance
to be the samo   In   every  constituency.
The figures ho had quoted did not include
snoclal expenditures, such  for instance
as tho grant of 815,000 a year for seven
years to the Fraser river bridge.    These
thiugs wero all passod over by Mr.  Kitchen in the endeavor to lead vou  to believe that you aro treated  unjustly and
that members of  the  Government   are
tyrants.   On the contrary the Ministry
endeavored   to  doal   justly   with   this
District as   with  others,  and wore not
slow when means wero available to aid
deserving enterprises.    He had just Inquired into a dyking scheme at Maple
Ridge, and ho did not think ho was forestalling if ho said that a bill  would be
brought down to enable the Government
to aid those  people  in   bringing  under
cultivation   what  promised   to    be    a
populous and prosperous section of the
country.    It was true that the old grant
of 81,000 a yoar  to   municipalities had
been   taken   away,   and,   that   in   the
abstract, incorporated districts wero ex-
poctod to look after their own roads with
their own taxes.   Rut in other ways the
Government  sought   to extend   aid   to
equalize tho per capita grant und  the
8100,000 received for railway lands. Tho
GovariiiuentJIiad dealt fairly and Intended to continue to do so, but it was not fair,
if pooplo do not  got  what thoy   think
their full mood, lo proceed  to condemn
tho  Ministry  without  proper   inquiry.
Mr. Kitchen wanted to know  when  ho
had ever opposed  a judicious measure
for opposition's sake.     It   was   perfect
bosh to talk that wav, and would como
with just as good grace out of tho mouth
of Mr. Beaven. Theso things arc matters
of opinion,    No Government can  afford
to trust a man who is likely at any time
to oppose them, and must look to moro
reliable   support  for   carrying  on  the
the affairs of tho country.     A Govern-
may think thoy can trust a man for fair
Independent support, and when tho time
comes find him in  Opposition,  which of
course destroys all confidence.    Of this
these  so-called  Independents    are   an
illustration.   These men say tho Government has to depend on  what they call
the small boroughs, such as Alberni, for
support, and assert that it is not just
that constituencies of 100 voters should
havo as much to say  as the large constituencies, but that tho Government Is
tied to them and cannot help themselves.
If this is so, why do not the Independents
join   with   the  Ministry,   and   give   it
strength in the direction presumed to bo
needed.  But wo find Mr. Cotton and Mr.
Brown stating in  tho   House that thoy
had no wish to tako the members from
Alberni and   the  Islands   constituency.
Ho (Mr. Davie) called  attention to this
at tho  Westminster meeting,   and Mr.
Brown passod it  over  in   silence.   Mr.
Kitchen says Mr. Brown forgot   to tako
it up.    No such thing.   If he forgot it in
liis address, why did he not   bring it up
again in the  papers?    Tho reason was
because he couldn't.   Ho and Mr. Cotton
did make tho statement, and every member in the House heard thorn make it.
The purpose was to inveigle Alberni and
the Islands from   their allegiance, and
embarrass the Government in bringing
in a fair redistribution measure,   for   if
the Government proposed to tako away
tho representation from Alberni and the
Islands, thoso members would say, well,
we will go over to the Independents, for
the Independents said In the Houso they
*would not take It away.     However, the
Government will be able to givo a fair
redistribution without doing injustice to
any section.   Mr. Davie then went into
a full explanation of the pledges given
by the late Premier Robson, stated the
intention of redistributing last session,
and explained at length the reason for
withdrawing the bill at that time.    He
read the telegraphic correspondence between the Local and Dominion Departments, and went into an explicit statement of census matters not necessary to
repeat  here.    Resuming  he   said   the
'needful information upon which to base
a just representation was now at hand,
and the Government  was  prepared to
fulfil its pledges by bringing  in   a just
and equitable measure at the approaching session.    Some opponents [protended
to believe that the Ministry wished   to
deceive the pooplo'ln this matter.     But
whero would bo the object to mako the
promise it it was not intended to fulfill
it.    The   matter  was entirely   In   the
hands of the Government,  and If thoy
were unprincipled men they might say,
"as well to be hung   for   a sheep   as a
lamb���we have the power in   our hands
and wo will use it to keep onrselvos in
office."   But himself and his colleagues
woro anxious to do   what Is   right, and
they would endeavor to do so whatever
might be the  effect   upon   themselves.
Referring to  Mr.   Kitchen's statement
that the million dollar loan was all gone
and that the Province was going behind
at the rate of 8200,000 a year, Mr. Davio
said tho loan was not all  gone, 8500,000
of It being still lu tho   treasury at tho
last report, though no doubt a considerable hole has since been mado in it.   To
talk about deficit was an absurdity, for
tho  very   purpose   of   borrowing    tho
monoy   was    to  enable   tho  expenditure  to exceed   tho   revenue, and tho
shortage   referred to  by  Mr.   Kitchen
only   indicated   that   the   Government
was  expending tho   borrowed   money.
The Hon. Speaker said thoro was abundance of ground to go over to occupy him
for hours, but ho feared he had already
taken up too much timo, and thought he
had better take his scat,    Roquosted to
go on, ho took up the ��200,000 loan  and
showed that tho rato the bonds had beon
disposed of at was one of groat advantage
to the Province, and manifested the high
credit of British Columbia abroad.   He
then touched upon surveys, and denied
that lt was a waste of monoy to expend
It In trying to find out the lands in the
Province   available  for  settlement,   or
that could be made so.    It  was not for
Mr. Kitchen to belittle the country and
say that surveys were a waste.     It was
absurd to talk  of Government   holding
lands from sale, for   If   that policy was
followed, there  would   be   nothing  for
peoplo to do but to put thoir hands deep
In their pockets to provide means for conducting the ordinary affairs of Government.      A  Government   could  be land
BOOT as well as an indlvldal, and the only
policy that could be safely pursued  was
to offer the lands for sale or settlement,
and in thus gottlng the means of developing the country Incidentally Increase tho
permanent revenue by the Increase of
tax-paying property.    Thero was littlo
danger of speculators unduly holding
large areas of lands now. Conditions had
changed tho last few years, and land was
not tho profitable investment it once was,
more especially under the system of wild
land tax that the Government proposed
to put In force. Settlers need not fear
tho speculator, and in the course of time,
for a thing of this kind cannot be accomplished at once, the ills that have
resulted from land-grabbing in the past
v/ill have largely disappeared. For ton
years it had been the policy of tho Government to tax unproductive lands.
Lands in the vicinity of Victoria held by
the Hudson's Bay Company and the
Puget Sound Company formerly assessed
at 850 an aero were now assessed at 8750
per acre. In this way unproductive land
was made unprofitable to hold, and in
consequence owners will cease to hold it,
and it will pass In small parcels into the
hands of pooplo who want to make use
of it. Tho wild land tax had first been
5 cents per acre, afterwards It was increased to 7J4 cents per acre. Later the
specific tax had boen changed at the
suggestion of tho Iiidopendouts to a 2}��
per cent, ad valorem tax. He had always doubted tho wisdom of the last
change, and could say that under it not
as much was being realized now as under
the old specific tax. Passing to the question of timber limits, Mr. Davio suggested that Mr. Kitchen should enter his
complaint to the Dominion agent us to
the limits in this noghborhood. Iu the
northern parts of the district, tho Go-
voi'umont dealt with the timber interest
as judiciously as they could, and always
sought to obtain revonue from them,
dust now then was no market for
lumber, and nothing could bo done.
But measures were being taken to Induce a market, and, if successful, stops
would promptly bo taken to secure any
benefit that could bo obtained for the
public. Ho (Mr. Davio) did not soo that
if a now Government camo into powor it
could do anything different in this
respet. Referring to cost of administering tho affairs of the country, the
speaker touched upon tho large Incidental expenses, taking the large charge
necessitated by the Stroobel trial as an
illustration. It was easy to find fault
with any Government, but those who
wish to bo just must consider all the
circumstances, The Hon. Premier here
said he would tako up no moro time, but
In conclusion would assure his hearors
that the Government had a good and
sufficient answer for every obloction.
The threo speakers of the day wero
frequently applauded, but moro especially Mr. Davio who seemed to catch
the temper of his audience and was
greeted with a rousing round of applause
at the close of his address.
A couple of local men offered to spoak
when Mr. Davio was through, but Mr.
Kitchen claimed the right of at onco replying to tho Hon. Premier and tho point
was yielded.
It was now getting pretty well on to
dusk, and Mr. Kitchen was obliged to
move over to tho window to road tho
notes ho had taken for reply. The
Canadian reporter mado an attempt to
keep up with his report, but after a
littlo while gavo up for want of moro
light. Afterwards, when Mr. Kitchen
was nearly through, Clork Wade came
to the front and kindly lighted the lamps
used by the Council, which apparently
nn ono had thought of doing sooner.
The reply of Mr. Kitchen was a very
tame affair, without point or Interest,
that gentleman being apparently some-
depressed by the lack of appreciation of
the audience.
Mr. J. F. Galbraith of Cloverdale, was
the next speaker. Ho said ho folt it his
duty to tako part in the meeting, because his homo was in Surrey. Tho interests of Surrey were his interests, and
he feared that the gentlemen of the Opposition who were present to-day had
much greater Influence to do Surrey
harm than to do It good. Ho had no intention of going into the details of Provincial politics, which had already been
fully discussed, but would confine himself to a few matters with which *11
present were more or less acquainted.
Messrs. Kitchen and Sword were holding this series of meetings, as he understood, to obtain from their constituents
an expression of opinion as to their political conduct, and in that connection
the speaker would, before he sat down,
submit a resolution to be passed upon by
the moeting. They had heard Messrs.
Kitchen and Sword explain their posi-
sitlon, but tho District had another representative who had pursued a different
course, aud It was only by a comparison
that a true measure could he arrived at.
Opponents of the Government accused
Mr. Punch of deserting his party, but
It was well known to every may present
that the threo mon who now represent
New Westminster district were elected
as independents. There was some dissatisfaction with tho late Mr. Robson's
Government, and very serious objections
to tho Opposition party led by Mr. Beaven. Tho people favored a medium
course, and Messrs. Kitchen, Sword,
Punch, Brown, Cotton, Homo and Kolly,
on tho Mainland, wero elected free of
party ties, but with tho understanding
that the Government should have a fair
chance. Mr. Horno separated from the
Independents almost immediately. Tho
others hung together for two sessions,
and thon tho time came for a break, and
tho speaker held that, tho party having
decided to abandon tho Independent position, Mr. Punch had just as clear a
right to become a straight Ministerialist
as tho others had to become straight
Oppositionists, if Mr. Punch was false
to his constituents, the others were very
much moro so, for by thoir action thoy
placed thomsolvos In antagonism to the
party In power and thus weakened their
ability for serving tho pooplo who elected
them, whilo Mr. Punch by his action
greatly strengthened his hands to do
servlco for his constituents as was well
known to all prosent. Now this whola
matter, ho thought, hinged on this point:
Does a member oftho Legislature represent the soctlon for which he was elected
or does he represent tho wholo Province?
For lnstace, was Mr. Punch supposed to
havo special concern for this district of
Westminster, or should It be no different
to him than say Comox ? Ho (Mr. Galbraith) was present at the banquet givon
to Premier Davie In Chllllwack last fall,
and on that occasion Mr. Brown, speaking no doubt for Mr. Kitchon, who was
gallivanting away lu the upper country,
expressed his belief that a member had
no right to mako constant efforts for his
own constituency, but should Jlabor for
tho whole Provlnco. Of course Mr. Brown
could not vory well say otherwisp without condemning himself and tho members of his party, who had accomplished
nothing for the people who elected thorn.
But look at It  this way ;   In  a   littlo
while there will bo a redistribution of! were hurt." In that caso ho would
seats and a general election. It is gen- j make a little noise on a high key hlm-
erally understood that Westminster dis-1 self.   The speaker closed with  a brief
trict instead of being one constituency
with three members, as now, will be divided into several constituencies with
one member for each. Now Surrey will
be part of one constituency, and will
have a largo voice in choosing one
member. The point thon was, will tho
peoplo of Surrey expect that member to
do the best he can to obtain benefits for
them, or will they bo content that he
should travol over the country inquiring
into tho needs of other parts to the utter
neglnct of his own. He felt that they
would want the man they chose to represent thorn, to bo their true representative, alert at all times in securing good
for them, and faithfully serving tho
Province on the principle that what is
good for a part is good for the whole.
(Applause). If this was admitted thon
they must do honor to the action taken
by Mr. James Punch during last session.
Tlie breaking away from its moorings of
the Independent party loft overy mom-
reference to local matters of special
concern to the people of Surrey.
Mr. Galbraith, whose address was well
received, then read the motion as
Moved by Jos. W. McCallum, seconded
by H. T. Thrift, "That in tho opinion of
this meeting tho course pursued by
Messrs. Kitchen and Sword was not in
tho interest of Now Westminster District, and that this mooting endorses the
action of our representative, Mr. Jas.
Mr. H. T. Thrift, chairman, said ho
would like to make a few remarks before putting tho motion as he had attended the mooting for that purpose.
llo then proceeded to speak of the early
days iu the settlement, and mado a
number of kindly references to the late
John Robson. He also mentioned a
farmers' organization In Surrey, which
your reporter understood him to say wa.
the practical origin of the now defunct
ber of it free to govern himself by his I Constitutional League,
own individual judgment, and by allying j
himself with tho Ministerialists, Mr.
Punch was able, without surrendering
any principle contended for, to accomplish for the people of New Westminster District many important services
that otherwise ho would not havo boon
able to render. Every municipality In
the District folt the benefit of having a
The motion was about to bo put when
Mr. Foster, M.PP., camo forward. He
thought the Premier should bo ashamed
of his supporters, who seemed to
think it was everything for a member
to secure a fow hundred dollars for his
constituents, llo believed It was true
that Surrey received more than she paid,
but there were oi her things to ho con-
D. S. CURTIS & Co., New Westminster.
representative who could approach the I Bldered.   The system of appropriation,!
Government on friendly terms and urge lm thought, was vicious, and might be
thoir claims. Although It was the avow-1 Hkonod to a treasure chest without a
ed policy of the Ministry  not to expend   bottom, that would always bo ready to |
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
public monoy  iu   the  municipalities yot
by the persistent efforts of Mr, Punch
that rule was repeatedly broken through.
People   soon    found    that  Messrs.  Kitchen and Sword  could do absolutely nothing for thorn in the way of obtaining
Govornmont aid for sorely needed works,
but that Mr. Punch could,  and  accordingly from all over the district thoy have
boon coming to htm for efficient help
that has never been  refused  to any deserving project.     The Reeve of this municipality received through Mr. Punch
a grant of several  hundred dollars for
the new Nicomekl bridge.     The pooplo
of   Cloverdale   in   the   same  way   had
a grant of 8300 passed to tho credit of
the Clover Valley road.    So it had been
in al! the municipalities, to say nothing
of tho largo grant of $105,000 towards
the  construction   of   the Fraser River
bridge, a work that of all others was the
most important to the prosperity of this
section of the District.    Somo people, he
(the speaker) was aware, claimed that In
voting for new Parliament buildings Mr.
Punch paid too dear for the bridge grant.
Leaving aside for the prosent the advisability of the  new buildings at Victoria,
he would call their attention to two points
First. Mr. Punch could   neither advance
nor  retard   tho   Parliament   Buildings
measure.    His vote was absolutely of no
consequence whatever  in tho passage of
that Bill.    Almost the whole Houso was
iu favor of it, for on that occasion oven
members of  the old Beaven Opposition
for onco voted  with tho Ministry.    Secondly,  the   people   of   Surrey  had   no
cause to complain for no part of the cost
would fall upon them.    If any man there
said he was taxed for  fine buildings at
Victoria he stated what was not true.
This Municipality  bad always received
from the Government four or five times
as much as she paid In, and any community that received more than it paid was
not taxod.    As to the advisability of the
construction   of   tbe   now   Parliament
buildings at the present time, he  was
quite   prepared   to   admit that   It had
caused and probably would cause moro
or less dissatisfaction on the Mainland,
but now that the first rub of disapproval
was over, he was persuaded that every
man who wished well to the Province
would rejoice that that bone of contention,   the   capital,   was   once   for  all
disposed of.     No man  with  a realizing
sense  of   the circumstances,   ever   objected to the location   at  Victoria.   It
would be absurd to talk of removing the
capital to Chilliwack, or Yale, or Kamloops, and none of the coast cities  had
claims at all equal to, or advantages in
any way superior to, those offered by
Victoria. And it might be urged that the
expenditure of a large sum of money in
a time of financial stress was more wise
and judicious than in a time of inflation,
when all classes of tho people were flush
and equally liberal of their own money
and tho money of the public.   Regarding redistribution, he had this to say:
The  very   fact   that   the  Government
suggested     a    redistribution    measure
in the Speech from the Throne last session, was of itself unmistakable evidence
that tho Ministry  was acting in good
faith,  for thero was not tho slightest
obligation  upon   thorn   to   do so.   The
doath of Premier Robson,  according to
all accepted usage,  absolutely freed tho
new Premier of all the pledges given by
his predocessor, and Mr. Davie stepped
into ollico perfectly  free to chooso his
own policy.     Ho manifestly, of his own
option, honesly  intended  to redistribute
last session,  but  was unable to do so
without injustice owing to  the census
muddle, the details of which had already
been  fully  discussed, and  in  his judgment  the  Government had   fully   and
cloarly mado out their case.    For   himself,   he    thought  Ministers    made   a
mistake in evon  contemplating redistribution at last session.     As bo had said
there was no obligation upon them to do
so.   Grant that the representation was
faulty,  and   that  justice   required   an
equitable re-arrangement, yot  he maintained that no justico, nor no usage, required a redistribution of  seats   until
thoro was to   bo  a  dissolution   of tho
Houso, and   no  justico, nor no usage,
required a Ministry to dissolve tho House
until the full constitutional term of that
Houso had olapsod.    Governments had
rights and privileges as well   as  Oppositions,   and   whether horo,  in Eastern
Canada, or elsowhero  in   the   Empire,
Ministers woro expected to, and do. use
their constitutional   advantages.   They
would deserve to bo defeated If they did
not. Sixteen or eighteen years ago the representation of Manitoba was flagrantly
wrong and in a much moro aggravating
way than was the caso here, but tho Opposition of the day did not jump for thoir
muskets   and cry secession.    Tho   evil
righted itsolf In due course, and so it
will  here.     Mr. Davie had  to-day and
many tlmos  previously  pledgod himself
to an equitable redistribution at tho approaching session, and until that pledge
was broken, he  (tho speaker)   failed to
seo a shadow of authority for accusing
the man who holds the  highest position
in tho gift of the peoplo of this Provlnco
of contemplated deception and rascality,
as was tho 1 ndependent practice.  Rather
they should  await tho event,  it  would
not bo long, and thon "squeal If thoy
take, morn and never be full.     Touching j
tlie Canada  Western   Railway,   he  considered   it an outrageous scheme,  and I
tho proposal to build that portion  of it:
north to Seymour Narrows   was  equally
bad, as the lands to be served by such a
road are almost all tho  property of the
Island Railway Company,   a  company
that by holding Its lauds had beon a curse
to the district around   Nanalmo.     Mr.
Foster was well received and his remarks
woro applauded.
Hon. Mr. Davie then camo forward
and spoke a few words in refutation of
Mr. Foster's statements. Before sitting
down he said ha wished it understood
that he had no connection in any wav
with the resolution before tho meeting.
Ho said he folt It placed him in an awkward position, and although he did not
want to interfere with the methods of
settlors at their own meetings, still ho
would bo glad if tho motion was withdrawn.
A few questions were hero asked in
connection with dyking mattors, which
Mr. Davio answered satisfactorily. Whilo
Mr. Davie was speaking a slip of paper
was passed up to the Chairman from
Mr. Foster.
Mr. Galbraith then aroso, and sai.l
that ho could vouch for the fact that
Mr. Davio had no knowledge of the
motion until it was placed before tho
meeting. It had been prepared just
beforo tho meeting opened by residents
of tho neighborhood, who behoved that
Messrs. Kitchon nnd Sword were seeking
an expression of opinion, and that motions of conlidonce or otherwise wero
regularly submitted at this series of
meetings. Since Mr. Davio preferred it
otherwise, tho speaker, as submitter of
the motion, was willing to have it withdrawn if tho mover and seconder consented, but he wished it clearly understood that the resolution, if put, would
bo adopted by the mooting.
Mr. Thrift and Mr. McCallum consented, and tho motion was withdrawn.
The chairman thou stated that an
amendment had been placed in his hands,
but before being road this also was withdrawn.
A motion to adjourn broke up the
meeting, but not until Hon. Mr. Davie
had called for a vote of thanks to the
chairman, a duty which tho gentlemen
who called the mooting appeared to
have been to much "rattled" to attend
The meeting at Hall's Prairie in Surrey
on Saturday was a discouraging failure.
The speakers were not in high feather
after the Surrey Centre experience, and
their addresses wero flatly givon and
flatly received. Tho small attendance
scattered in solemnity, after passing a
vote of thanks to their chairmau.
[L.S.]    E.DEWDNEY.
To Our faithful tho Members elected to
servo in the Legislative Assembly of
British Columbia at Our City of Victoria��� Greeting.
Theodoue Davie, 1 TTITHEREAS We
Attorney-General. ) W aro desirous
and resolved, as soon as may bo, to moot
Our peoplo of Our Province of British
Columbia, and to have thoir advice in
Our Legislature:
NOW  KNOW   YE,   that   for   divers
causes and considerations, and taking
Into consideration  tho ease and convenience of Our loving subjects, We have
thought fit, by and  with the advleo of
Our Executive Council of tho Province of
British   Columbia,   to   hereby convoko,
and by theso presents enjoin  you, and
oach of  you,   that  on   Thursday,  tho
Eighteenth day of tho month of January, one thousand eight hundred and
ninoty-four,  you meet Us In Our said
Legislature or Parliament of Our said
Province, at Our City of Victoria,  FOR
treat, do, act, and concludo upon those
things which in Our Legislature of the
Provlnco of  British Columbia, by   tho
Common Council of Our said   Provldco
may, by the favour of God, be ordained.
In  Testimony  Whereof,   we   havo
caused   these    Our   Letters  to   bo
made Patent and the Great Soal of
tho said Provlnco to  bo   horeunto
affixed:   Witness, the Honourable
Edgak Dewdney,  Lieutenant-Governor of Our said Provlnco of British
Columbia,  in Our City of Victoria,
in Our said Provlnco, this Fourteenth
day of December, In tho yoar of Our
Lord ono thousand eight hundred
and  ninotv-throo, and In  tho fifty-
seventh yoar of Our reign.
By Command.
Provincial Socrotary.
Special Attention pen to tie HaiilaM Trade.
Rare Chance to Purchasers.
We are giving up  business in New
Westminster and  going into our
new store in Vancouver,
and in order to avoide the great expense of moving, will sell
out our present stock at great reduced prices to make room
for new goods, for the next sixty days
General   Hardware.    Nails,    Stoves,
Spades,    Axes,    Axes    Handled,
Axe    Handles,   Picks,   Mattocks,     Wedges,    Cook
Stoves.   Heating   Stoves,   Agate   Ware,
Tin Ware, House
White Lead,   Etc., Etc.
Cunningham  Hardware
The Toronto
Shoe Store*
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday-
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season.
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all in
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and qnick returns, and as times are hard and
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.    Call and see us.
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Pickets, Doors*;
Windows, Frames, Mouldings,  House Finish,
Mantels,   School    Seats and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
dec,    ��fcc,    &c.
Importers   of  Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber accurately
Promptly  Filled. &��ST   COPM
Is the Cheapest Newspaper published in
British Columbia.
PER YEAR!   ia
(Continued from last weok.)
easiness. Go to your rest now and let us
all prepare our minds for tomorrow,"
said the mother. "We will hope the Sab-
hath will give us peace and courage for
the first week of our new life."
This is a price that suits the times, and no home   need be
without a good Home Paper.
will find the PACIFIC CANADIAN a particularly desirable
Advertising Medium. It reaches the people that merchants
and others want to reach, and in the chief agricultural districts of the Province, the CANADIAN has a larger circulation than any other newspaper whatsoever.
It is the especial aim  of the  Publishers to make  the
Pacific Canadian
That will go into the homes of the Province, clean, pure,
and healthy in tone, and with reading matter to suit the
tastes of old and young, so as to be a delight to the circle
around the hearth.
Subscribe for a Year, and learn how much pleasure you can
bring home for $i.
The Pacific Canadian,
.Rose lingered with him for a few moments in the hall.
The Sabbath in Mr. Newton's household was always n pleasant nnd peaceful
day of rest. All secular thoughts and
avocations wore, as much as possible, set
aside, und after tho usual attendance at
the house of God tho remainder of the
day was divested of useless solemnity or
formality by profitable reading or cheerful conversation.
As usual, Grenville was with them at
dinner, and so far recovered his natural
and pleasant deportment that Rose's
heart rested again in happy confidence
and serenity.
Dinner waited some time and was at
last served aud over before Dunbar made
his appearance���a circumstance so unusual that it had given rise to some anxiety on his account, and Lillian's waa not
diminished when she met him in the hall.
"What is the matter, dear Eustace?"
"Do not be alarmed, my darling. I
will not keep you in suspense. I am
pained for poor Le Barron's wretched
family, but I will explain when we are
all together. It is a story I do not care
to repeat but once."
After a hasty greeting from the family
he said:
"Early this morning our friend Austin
called to inform me of the troubles at Le
Barron's. You all know that tho braggart adventurer De Courtney has for
si une months had his eye on Le Barron's
apparent riches under the guise oi admiration for their eldest daughter. I
knew that Estella and her mother were
greatly smitten with him, and Maud was
pining with envy. The more cautious
and suspicious father had written to some
merchant abroad requesting reliable testimonials respecting this prince in disguise before he would yield to the hasty
consummation of the marriage, for which
the ardent lover was so urgent. It seems
that when the poor father had confessed
the ruin and degradation that were closing upon them, and Estella had borno
her part in the first outburst of wild
passion that assailed him, her shrewd
mind conceived a plan for her own safety, which, with consummate henrtless-
ness. she at once proceeded to execute.
"Silently retiring from the wordy warfare, she wrote a hasty note to De Courtney asking him to meet her at a restaurant near by, sent it by her French maid,
deep in all her secrets, and silently made
her exit from a side room to the rendez-
vous. She safely calculated that in the
tumult her absence would not be observed. In that unhappy family you are
aware that self is the dominant power,
and Estella well knew that when the
fierceness of the storm then raging had
passed it would be succeeded by tears
and hysterical lamentations that would
claim the attendance of all the servants,
thus leaving her to consummate her selfish arrangements unmolested.
"What passod between her and De
Courtney can only be conjectured by the
results and a letter left behind for the
mother. It would seem that she returned
to the house as secretly as Bhe had left it,
directed her maid to collect all her valuables and pack her wardrobe, while she
proceeded to secure what money or jewelry she could find in her mother's or sister's rooms and departed with her spoils,
attended by her French waiting maid.
Quite early this morning, as Austin was
passing Roseville, Maud, apparently in
great excitement, called to him from the
library window. He entered, and giving
him but a brief statement of the last
night's revelations and proceedings she
begged hi��� to find me and urge me to
come to her immediately.
"Austin gave me all the particulars he
could learn from Maud's hasty and frenzied recital, but when I wished to stop
here for advice and if possible to get Mr.
Newton to accompany me on this delicate mission he objected, saying she had
especially desired that nothing should be
said to the Newtons. I therefore proceeded at once to Roseville. Strange
sounds startled me whon I entered the
dreary house, but Maud, who was waiting in tho hall, evidently on tho alert to
prevent tho servants from seeing me,
hurried me into an office distant from
the parlors. It disgusts me to think of
her inhuman, selfish ways. But it may
be that sho did not realize the terrible
tragedy cnucting around her."
"Don't linger," cried Rose. "This
suspense is dreadful."
"I will he as brief as possible.   It
seems no thought had been given to Estella's absence during the night, but
Maud in the morning had ordered ber
attendant to bring somo ornament or article from her wardrobe, which could
not bo found. On cxMuiuing further her
jowolry and most of her choico possessions  wero  missing.   Then  her  maid
: hinted that Miss Le Barron had been
i 'going on strangely* tho day bofore, ai 1
; all tho servants remarked it, but the
j madam had beon so bad thoy had had no
; time to givo it attention. But now would
Mi63 Maua please go into her sister's
room and seo for herself and not be saying disparaging things to a poor waiting
moid? I judge from the nccent of both
mistress and maid that Maud, becoming
furious at tho spoiling of her goods, had
visitod her wrath on the one nearest to
her. On entering her slstor's chamber it
was vacant, tho wardrobe and bureaus
empty, and on the table lay an open note
to her mother of tho most insolent and
heartless character.
"She said that, seeing inevitable ruin
coining npon tho family, and having no
disposition to share it with them, she had
at once sought her dear Victor, and not
wishing to reveal their misfortunes had
simply informed him that her father had
peremptorily forbidden her to hold any
further communication with him, as he
pretended he had received advices from
abroad to his discredit, which she did not
believe, but this cruel father's commands
compelled her to say farewell.
" 'Of course.' tho unfeeling ��irl continued, 'I knew dear Victor would not
listen to that idea tor a moment, but, as
I expected, begged for an immediate
marriago that very hour, before I returned to my parents. When I was once
his own, I could quietly collect all my
jewelry and wardrobe, und wo would
leave at once, making our bridal tour a
pleasant voyage to his native land. He
was sure father would soon recall us
when ho found resistance was of no
avail.' Of course she could not refuse so
elegant a lover. Thoy wero married
within tho hour, and as this haste gave
her no time for a bridal trousseau befitting a millionaire's daughter she was
sure her dear mother and sister would
pardon her for making free with their
jewelry and such ready money as she
found in their purses aud her father's
escretoiro. Robbin, the footboy, had
taken her trunks away, she said, and
fearing to incur his master's displeasure
would not return. Her maid also would
of course go with her."
The family had listened to Eustace's
narrative thus far without interruption,
overwhelmed with sorrow and amazement, but Mr. Newton now exclaimed:
"Why, thiB is fur beyond the most unscrupulous selfishness I ever imagined
could be found in one so young."
"Ah, but Maud will far outmatch her,
I fear. I once thought her more gentle
and amiable than her sister. But the
bitter hate and vindictiveness she manifests t��re fearful. The In i to herself and
the impossibility of reclaiming was all
sht seemed to think of. Her father's
danger and her toother's uncertain condition hardly excited an emotion. As
soon as Austin and I could interrupt
Maud's excited recital of her own misfortunes I alluded to the strange sounds
I heard on entering.
" 'Pshaw! that's nothing,' said Maud,
'mother has kept the i. ��� ri an uproar
all night. I kept my: ,..,t of tho way,
I uSsure you, and left i ...n-r to tako care
of her as best ho mtf,.>t. Ho deserves it
all and more for Liuiyiiig this great
shan..: upon r.s.'
" 'Have you seen
vour mother this
morning' I
tlv surprised.
"���No, ii.
. I
' ing as I could
endure hoi
it.   If I had
folic .    .
i left earlier,
I m'iguc ho,\
i possessions
from her li
i.uiy learn of
Estella's du
!��������: .n\io ono
else, h.'.o h.
iove uie and
cited as i!.:
10 to imitate
lo.ig enouji.i
j mother will
enjoy this 1
��� li< !��� (.'"ivorito's
smartness, i
.   ���   A     1
; ho tirut blast
of her rage, I assur y
Sue'll find that
the first to rise above the terrible shock
and left at once for the nearest medical
aid. I could learn nothing from the
poor frighrtaed and exhautted servants,
but as noar as I could gather from tie
time tho mfetrable man entered his
houso yesterday tl had been the scene of
tho most disgraceful and sickening tumult. Till late in the evening most of
the servants had been in Stella's employ ."and I imagine, from hints dropped
from the gardener, what was passing in
the family room waB a matter of surmise.
"After Estella's departure as the servants were closing the house the sounds
that had alarmed me aroused their attention. When they entered, the mistress was raving through the room like
one possessed, tho women said. They
were frightened and ran to call in the
two men. When they returned, her husband, without rising from the chair, was
feebly trying to calm her as she stood
raging over him. They secured her with
great difficulty and somo danger. I apprehend, for many articles once objects
of pride to her lay broken and scattered
all around as if she had furiously thrown
them. It took them some time to control her, and for safety they were compelled to bind her.
"When they next thought of poor Le
Barron, ho was just as I found him. In
tho meantime I had opened tho shutters
and extinguished the gas, but the sunlight made the horrors more apparent.
Leaving tho frantic woman to the servants, I oxamined her husband, but could
find no trace of violence save a bruise on
his brow by somo article thrown���made,
1 four, by his wife when the servants
seized her. But Dr. Shelby, whom Austin soon brought, says it was probably
not severe enough to have caused his
death. Dr. Sholby has been his medical
adviser for some months past, and ht
thinks his anxiety, exaggerated by the
fearful storm that burst upon him when
he told his pecuniary troubles, hastened
his death from disease of the heart.
"Austin remained to make all needful
arrangements for the inquest, and aa
soon as I could be spared I hastened to
you, for I think you and Mrs. Newton
are greatly needed there now."
"We will go with you immediately."
"Can I bo of servioe in any way?"
asked George.
"I will thank you to order me one of
the carriages. I did not intend to> use
either of them again, hut thia is a worl:
of necessity."
"One word before we leave.   I found l
the two youngest children, Jennie and
Robert, hid in the parlors, half dead with
fright.   Their mirse is not to be found, j
Hearing tue noise, I presume, they had
crept down from the nursery and prob- !
ably f<   ring to return have been con- j
cealed there ull night, uuunie, you know
is a sweet, thoughtful c!;ild���veryunlik:
her sisters.   Robbie, ]Jr. Shelby says,
has never been vory bright or robust."
"I suppose," saui Grenville, with much
confusion, "you will hardly be willingto
give me a share in providing for your
How unlike this hesitation to Jasper's
natural   impulsive   generosity!   What !
could it mean unless the knowledge on j
| his parttii.it hia interest and labor might ;
Boon be so separated from his northern j
'.. friends that he would be unable to share |
[ their generous cares?
^����V,    $&���
I, too; can keep my own counsel as well
as Stella.'
'"Oh.Maud! This is shameful! Iwill
at least seek your parents and try to help
" 'Well, go, Don Quixote, and suooor
the distressed. Success attend you, I
hope you will enjoy it.'
"I t lire w i ipcii t no door, and again those
dismal sound?! I paused a moment,
tvlien a wild, unearthly shriek rang
through the house. I caught Maud's
" 'Go with me.'
" 'I will not.'
" 'Unnatural childl You shall! There
is some strange mystery here, and you
shall accompany us while we unravel it.
Come, Austin.' Our determined manner and probably a fear of being left behind compelled her to go, but reluctantly, and we passed through the splendid parlors into the gloomy family sitting
He paused a moment and covered his
face with his hands, whilo his audience
sat with palo faces, dreading the sequel.
"A fearful sight met our eyes," he
continued, "Would I could forget itl
Mrs. Le Barron sat in a large easy chair
in the most fearful paroxysms. The old
butler and gardener and two women, one
of whom, I think, was hor dressing maid
and the other perhaps the cook, wore
standing over her. All looked chilled
and exhausted. The window shutters
remained unopened, and the gas was still
burning. When we came near, we saw
that she was tied to tho chair.
" 'Indeed, sir, we could not help it.
She was furious and has been most of
the night. And that was the only way
we could manage her and be safe ourselves.'
" 'Have you called a physician?"
" 'No; we can't leave her. and we can't
make any of tho other servants hear if
we called over so loud.'
" 'Stupidl Why not havo rung the
bell tIII some onu would hear?'
" 'We. Uiink, sir,' said the gardener,
with some hesitation, 'that there's no one
to hoar in the house. "Rain leave a sinking ship," and this one's going down
mighty fast, I judge, and then, begging
your honor's pardon, we feci fearsome
'boat going to the boll.   There's sonie-
i.ung strangelike *bout master, aad he's
close to the bell.' Austin as.l I sprang
to the recessed corner so dimly Ht^tod.
Oh. "'v. ITjw'ion, I ha'", Cowardlllroj
I aft tho worst to the last! Ia h'.s chair,
) da head resting on tho mcrblo pillar, waa
Le Barron"	
"Not dead!" exclaimed Mr, Newton,
his face blanching with horror���"and,
oh, do not say by his own hand!"
"No���I hope���I think not���Austin waa
"Jn his chair, his head retting on the
marble pillar, was Le Barron."
The shadows of vexation and sorrow-
almost doubt���again crossed H.iso's brow.
i As Eustace's dark eye souglu her lover's
i for a moment it had in its calm dignity a
j meaning she could not fathom, and her
[ heart beat wildly when she saw Jasper's
quail before it.   What fear restrained
her natural impetuosity from demanding
a solution at once?
In reply to Jasper's question Eustace
simply shook his head, but her father
partly reassured her by the calm and apparently unsuspicious manner in which
he answered:
"We -will settle all details when we
return. Now we must attend to the
more pressing wants."
In the course of the ride Mrs. Newton
asked Eustace how Maud appeared when
taken to her parents and compelled to
witness all the horrors of that scene.
"Ob, my dear madam! Your question reminds me that I have not given
the miserable girl a thought since I entered that room! The sight that met
my eyes at first bewildered me, and
when I could rouse above it my whole
attention was so engrossed by immediate
necessities that���well, excuses are useless.   It was cruel negligence."
"No, Eustace, you blame yourself
needlessly. It was a most natural oversight. She was requiring no attention,
and unless in sight and taking somo part
I do not wonder you did not think of
"She was not in the room, I am sure,
for I have no recollection of seeing or
hearing her again after one glimpse of
that terrible scene. Inowrememnnrthe
remark sho made about keeping her own
counsels as closely us her sister had dene,
to which' I then attached little importance, but which now I fear may have
been painfully significant."
Whon they reaohed the bouse, they
were met by Dr. Shelby and Mr. Austin
and informed that they were ready for
an inquest, waiting onlr for Dunbar's
evidence, and then would be ready to remove the body to another apartment to
be prepared for the grave.
After a long and earnest oonraltation
with reference to Mrs. Le Barron the
doctor suggested that the wisest plan
would be to remove her to some quiet
retreat or asylum as soon as possible.
Inquiries were then mado for Maud.
Neither the doctor nor Austin had seen
her, and such had been the excitement
and confusion her absence was unnoticed.
On asking for the young lady one of
the servants said she thought she had
not returned.
"Returned?" said Mr. Newton.
"Yes, sir.   I guess she was sort of
frightened as soon as sho saw her father,
and she noticed him before Mr. Dunbar
did.   Miss Maud never thought much of
her mother, nor of her father, either, for
that matter, only she could always have
her way with him, poor nun! And without speaking she slipped right out of the
room and out of tho house too."
"Do you know where she went?"
"No, mum, not  sure;  but  Thomas
here thinks he drove her out to old Var-
"Thinks he did? Why, Thomas, don't
you know whom you took there?"
"Why, Bir, my young lady came to
me from master's room ull whitelike and
called mo out of doors, then told me to
put one of tha horses into the gig that
the servants use and drive her maid out
to Elmwood, old Varney's place, to do
an errand. Before I could come round
with the gig a woman met mo at the back
gate all muffled up and acting as though
she was afraid of being seen. She spoke
low and strange and said her mistress
wanted me to tako her on an errand.
But, your honor, Miss Maud's maid dont
wear diamonds and is uncommon willing to talk with an honest lad and to
show her face too."
"Well, Thomas, your young mistress
has sorrow and trouble enough aad may
well feel the need of advice.
"Yes, your honor, but young ladies
ain't generally willing to seek advice j ,
from an old lover to whom they have [i.
often said 'nay,' " replied the cook.        [
Wishing to stop further revelations of <
the family secrets, Mr. Newton inquired:!
"Whero is Miss Le Barron's maid?"     j
"MiSB Maud's, do you mean, sir?   Oh, :
she put off some time ago, and for cer-1|
tain much more went out with her than ;���
she ever brought here." \
"Well, we will seek Miss Maud in her \,
own apartment."   And as tney turned ,')'
from the gossip loving  servants they '-.
heard the cook remark:
"Well, well, they'll have a breezy time
of it.   Glad it isn't me."
It waB very evident that tho servants
who hud remained with Mrs. Le Barron
through tho night had not learned of Estella's marriage, pillago and flight. V.
Mr.   and Mrs.   Newton ascended to!;,;
Maud's apartments.   All was silent, but \\
utter a few moments' pause they knocked1
at the door.   She was there and bade |j
them enter, but when her father's best
friends stood bofore her she started in
alarm and mado a movement for a hasty
retreat.   But suddenly checking herself,
before Mrs. Newton could speak, she
turned on them with the wildest fury depicted on her face and almost shrieked:
"Why are you here?   I will not hear a
word.   Leave my room instantly.   You
come to exult over our fall.   I can still,
for a few hours at least, claim a right to
my own chamber.   I bid you begone!"
"But my dear child," said Mrs. New-1.
ton, "listen to me a moment.   We come j:
in all love.   Do trust us.   We lose all as
well as you.   Then why should you im-1
agine we mean anything but friendship
and tenderest sympathy?"
"I do not believe you���do not trust
you and will not. Who told you we
needed any sympathy? I for one have
no desire for it."
"Mr. Dunbar came at Dr. Shelby's request to bring us here, and, my dear
Maud, let us in some way comfort you."
"I tell you I want no comfort from
you or any one. Dunbar has, I presume,
told you how finely Stell has managed.
I think I am as well able to act for myself as she."
"Oh, Maudl Mandl Do no such rash
thing as Bhe has done, I entreat you. It
will bring you c ily disgrace and misery."
"Oh, never fear. I have no fancy for
elopements. What I do I earn not who
knows. It iB too late for any to prevent
it now anyway. The last trunk went
from that room," pointing to a closed
door, "since you have honored me with
your espionage.
"Allow me," with a scornful, defiant
air, even while a shudder of disgust
passed over her, "allow me to introduce
you to Mrs. Jacob Varney, a millionaire's wife, madam I Not quite so winsome a husband as Stella's, perhaps, but
I shall have all that money can give. So
what matter's it?"
"Ah, Maud, my dear childl What
have you done? How oould Varney
countenance such an aot under the circumstances?"
"What have I done? Why, found myself a princely home when my father's
folly or crime���call it what you please
���has oast me out from this. What has
Varney done? Why, proved himself a
fooll Has he not for moro than a year
tormented me? And I during that time
treated him with open, undisguised contempt. And yet when I went to him
yesterday and told him boldly wo were
bankrupted and disgraced; tliat Stella,
the vile creature, had robbed mo of all I
had���oh, it makes mo laugh to think
how the toothless old dotard blubbered
over my hand!"���and with a gesture of
bitter loathing she tossed her hand away
from her���"promising me a trousseau
next woek that should outvie any in the
city, together with a princely settlement, if I would consent to marry him
that very hour. Why. an Immediate
marriago was just what I was determined onl And it ia done," said the
miserablo girl, throwing herself on the
sofa, exhausted by the shameful recital. ,
Mrs. Newton went to her caressingly,
while her tears fell fast.
"Oh, Maudl   You do not lovo this
manl   How, then, can you endure the
home you have sold yourself for?"
"Love him!   Oh,   nol   I have  ever w*
loathed him.   I had once some romantic
notions about marrying for love and es- j
caping from such a home aa this has al- '
ways been.
"But that is all pastl When once I |
get my promised trousseau and settlement. I shall allow myself to ho very little troubled with old Varney's society, I
assure you. That would bo intolerable.
I.have lived thus far without love and
can continue to do so, while I now have
a position in the most fashionable society
as hiyjh as wealth can command. Why
do you weep and look at me so sadly'r
What would you have me do?" she cried
wildly. "Go out to service? Starve in
the streets���or worSe? My mother's folly
and my father's shame have barred all
other chances for a home but the one I
have chosen or rather accepted as a last
"Oh, nol nol my poor girl! A loving
heart was at your command, and you
scorned it, threw it aside for the golden
chain that now binds you aud which will
cat liko a canker into your eoul."
"Ko. I never scorned Ernest Sherwood, never! Mv ' ''ole heart was his.
But how was hi; received? Turned from
tho door by harsh words from my mother and bitter insults from my father,
whilo I was jeered at daily for my low
ta6tes and Estella's foreigner held up before mo ui it [;od."
"Cut, my clear Maud, when you saw
the state of your father's affairs, if you
must so hastily seek a, home, why not let
Ernest know yont troubles?''
Sho started quickly to her feet. "Let
him know the deep disgrace that had
fallen? The loss of property he would
not value, but the shame! Tell Ernest
Sherwood that my father was a dishonored man���a forgor���liable any moment to public arrest? Do you think I
could do that, or do you know me so little as to suppose I would shame ray
womanhood by offering myself to one I
rejected���thatl loved? If you but knew
me, you would uot wonder that I hate the
parents that have robbed mr, of all that
1 ever valued! I leav? within the hour,
and onco outside '.Lj gate Twill never see
them egrin���never!"
Trout theso passionate words her
friends suspected she had no knowledge
cf f jo terrible state of things below. A
fyw words revealed the fact that Bhe
simply supposed her mother was in one
cf thoso stormy fits she had often wit-
i.<Siod and lier father, us usual, allowing the eicitoment to wtar itself out
ly silence, though she acknowledged
that sho was frightened hy his appearance. Wb?n she fully understood the
truth, she v ' at first greatly shocked,
hut her ova ...Ifishness soon rose above
i,'.\ oi>":- considerations.
"..' 1 had hut known this sooner! Oh.
Dtiim.! Eru-st!   But it is all too late!"
It is useless to prolong tho scene. The
v.nh: ipl>y jrirl r >sisted all efforts to per-
siw ie her to uuOW at least common rc-
tiiect and tarry till hor father's body
h>..ir.M ho laid to rest and her mother
;���'.:, -ed v. some asylum, and when from
' tho v.Siulo'w ij.'.o saw a sraparb equipage
<Iu'i',i v.;i to tho door sho uhruptly said
"f.'.i-owe 11." end with a faco in which al!
of .' ill governed passions were war-
r'.n-', v.'Uh it bettor unci tenderer mood she
ins..0,1 ilOWu Bta.ir.-i. and without accept-
i::/ the aid of her unfortunate a.id su-
1'.; .nuuatnd husband she sprang into the
i > cur. ia,.'i. and with the partner of herfol-
ly \.-:.'..Ko��.i hoi-no from their ri-jht.
'. '.._t.-,. me afternoon Mrs. Le Barron
was .iuirtly ilieu toiho retreat selectod
allii tlie next day her husband's remains,
in tho simplest ami most unostentatious
manner, consigned to the grave.
Duncan reinulned tt' 1 the servants were
dismissed on the foiiowrng week, the
houso rafoly cio ed and the key placed
in the hanus of ohose who were appointed to unravel tho ta/igled web of the
list'- owner's dealings.
. ��� ly., closed the tragedy that would be a
lifeljng misjry to some, but ro the outride world it was but a "nine days' won-
der." and other events soon swept it
from tha publio mind, u^d it was forgotten.
Tho evening after Le Barron's funeral
a! i i '.ie Newtona met in the homo so soon
ti pass from t'icir hands. Mr. Newton
there informed hib friendB that he had,
as much as lay in his power, endeavored
tn hat'ten the final F,ettlemcnt of all matte.-., connected with his lato business. He
hail met ail who had claims upon the
firm and brought the whelomatter much
nearer a thorough adjustment than at
first ho Lad any reason to anticipate. He
Bpoko with great feeling of the t> ,poct
and kindness manifested toward him
personally by all concerned and their
voluntary request that ho should a]>-
propriate all the personal property about
the houso and grounds to his own use,
aud they express! d their conviction thut
even more thun that would be found
honorably his duo.
Of course Le Barron's funeral had prevented the ride to th .So ntgomery place,
but now. finding thero whs every promise
of turning his attention to some new
work, Mr. Newton desired that hu.'Uice't
proposition should have immediate attention. It was therefore agretl that
early tho next morning Eustace should
escort Mrs. Newton to the farm a d jr.
their return the feasibility of the project
should lie finally settled.
Rose proposed that she should accompany them and have one more ride on
Fairy before ..he passod from their
iiaiids, and turning sweetly to her lover
asked if she might trespass on hi. gallantry for an escort He excused himself on the plea of prior engagements
and expressed great regret that he could
not enjoy such a treat. All this was
natural enough, and Rote was satisfied,
for hei eyeB were not yet onened. But
tho quick flash that overspi ;ad tie foce
and diod away as rspidly roxiri ilod Mr.
Newton's sorrowful suspiciors, and the
earnest recognition that passed between
Dunbar and Oeorge told him that Jasper's manner had but confirmed their
it was painful to wait longer for a
positive denial or unmistakable -idmis-
siou of his treasonable proclivities. But
who could look on that sweet girl by his
side and have the courage to hasten a
denouement that might blast the bright
beauty before them? These thoughts
passed with painful rapidity through
Mr. Newton's mind, and he had just
mastered the indignant impulse as
Ralph gayly offered to act as his sister's
cavalier in place of her recreant knight
and suggested that it might be well to
smuggle Alfred into tho carriage with
the othor party, and then, should first
impressions prove encouraging, George
and himself could remain to await orders and Alfred escort Rose homo again.
But his parents were advocates of consistency under all circumstances, and
whatever they advocated they exemplified By their daily practice. Mr. Newton agreed   that such a cavalcade as
Ralph had planned was hardly iu good
taste under existing circumstances. He
should much prefer that Dunbar should
accompany the ladies in the most unpretending manner, leaving the others
industriously employed in making an inventory of all in the house and grounds.
A ready assent was given to this suggestion, Ralph remarking that father
would be obliged to exercise the gift of
patience before l-��could get thom into a
good working cc- plil ion, for Ihey would,
he feared, be every little while "bortilirt
from the track" after some fancy frolic
instead of working like liltie busy bees,
and a strong arm, tight rein and curb
bit would bo absolutely necessary to
keep them on tho right siilo of the traces.
"Well, r.nlph, tuy son, that is nn odd
mixture of quotation and metaphor, but
I must say it smacks a little too much of
tho jockey."
"Our good parents are growing a little
obtuse, I think. I've been tryir ;all tho
evening to mako you comprehend. Having taken possession of the groom's apartments, I am happy to find myself not so
far above my position but that my vocation is recugnized," said Ralph, laughing
"Vv'hnt does the silly boy mean?" said
his mother.
"Simply," replied George, "that while
you and father wero occupied at Rose-
villo yesterday we at homo were anxious to mako ourselves serviceable. I
f.ope you will not think we are undertaking too great liberties. You knov,-
we must no longer keep a retinuo of serv-
a< . and the sooner all changes are
uiiii.e, I judge from what you have already said, tlie better. Hearing of good
places for tiro ccNichmr.n and ono of the
grooms, we secured them and sent the
men at once. Ralph and I meanwhile
pruir, if it meets your approbation, to
retain tho head hostler, John, for a few
pays to teach us our duties, and we will
���lo the woi!c at the carriago houso and
stable till tho contents are disposed of."
"Look at father," said Ralph, laughing. "If he isn't grieving that his
proud sons should stoop to core for the
������There you are wrong, dear boy. I
was overcome for a moment with gratitude to God, who has blessed me with
children so ready to accept not only uncomplainingly bttt with great cheerfulness and alacrity a change sudden as
ours must be, and with no "alio shame
stop in a moment from a lifo oi ease to
one of the lowost forms of menial labor."
"Now, father, your explanation i.;
really quite cruel. I had a littlo speech
ail ready���thinking you were shocked at
our labors of today���to show ycu how
inconsistent were your precepts. I am
greatly disappointed, for as I am to be a
ti; nor 1 shall not havo many opportu-
niiies for speech-making. But we can't
catch father napping, can we, mother?"
playfully patting her cheek.
"Well, saucy one, tell us what other
mischief you and George have been about
"Well, we thought you would not like
any of the servants to leave unpaid.
Fortunately we havo always been liberally supplied with pocket money, and
we throe boys had more than enough to
make all right with the men and l.e!;.
Lillian settle with those two utterly useless appendages, tho young ladies' waiting maids."
"Why, my dear girls, have you dismissed your attendants? You shame
your motherl Our children aro teaching us. I uever once thought of this, as
I ought to havo done at tho very first."
"No, mother mino. Because you and
father have boen occupied all day in trying to minister to the unfortunate and
wayward, and knowing father wished to
curtail expenses ns expeditiously US possible we could do no less than to begin a'
these points belonging to our individual
In the course of the conversation Ralph
took occasion to hold up Rose's baud
and call attention to a blister, sayingsh'-
had been swooping and dusting the 1.
brary herself.
"Never mind the hand," his sister saic.
laughing. "That will soon become accustomed to such work, hut I am sure mamma will say I havo dono my work well.'
Jasper  here impatiently interrnpti
her by looking at her hand and proles,
ing with much temper against aiiythi..,,
of the kind again.
"Come, como, Jasper, don't you beun
reasonable. That little blister is of 1.
consequence. 1 really enjoyed mv plaj .
for as yet it has been nothing injre. Bui
what would you have me do, Sir Impatience? Sit on tho sofa and let my
mother and sister do what must now be
done���work? You dare not counsel that!''
"No, dear Rose. But, Mr, Newton,
my kind friend, lot me bog that you will
yield to my wishes. Lot me make Rose
my wife before you leave tl is her first
"Jasper!" exclaimed Rose. "How dare
you name such a thing after those two
shameful examples of hasty marriages to
avoid tho inconveniences of a limited in-
como which we have juBt witnessed?
Would you see me as heartless as the Lo
"That does not follow, Rose. The aid
you could render would be but little
comparatively, and I cannot  see  you
stoop to labor when a home of oose and
affluence is waiting for you."
"Stoop! Whatever my mother and sister can do without degradation will not
lower me in the estimation of any right
minded person. Enstace has no fears of
Lillian being degraded, and he can also
offer her a home of case, but he knows
that for the present her first duties keep
her with her parents. If your pride revolts at my using a broom or engaging
in any of the domestic avocations that
fall to my mother's lot, then should I
in time share your fortune your foolish
pride will be just as much wounded to
know all of us continued to labor, as we
most probably will."
"Oh, no, never, Rosel You do me injustice. It is but natural, loving you as
I do, that I should long to protect you
from all hardships. Your friends, though
not disgraced by labor, would never havo
sought it as an advisable change. Consent to an immediate marriage, darling.
If you will but yield to this request, I
know that your father will not refusa.
Let me take you to my mother, show
you our beautiful home, and when your
parents are settled we will visit them before I install you mistress of the littlo
cottage now building for you."
Her parents, George and Dunbar, all
listened without interruption and with I
beating hearts, for they felt that the cri-
sis was not far distant, and Rose's unnatural pallor indicated a strife in her
own mind beyond and distinct from that
natural to her lover's petition.   The si- j
lence was but for a moment, and then, !
though her cheek was deadly pale, her
voice was firm and clear, but its birdlike
tones were wanting.
"Jasper, let this subject rest for the
present. You know well, if you will do
me justice, that I do not thwart your
wishes from any foolish coyneBS. Wo
are both young, and our youth was the
reason why my parents and your own
wish our union deferred two years, and
wo recognized the wisdom of their united judgment. Six months only of that
timo have passed, and instead of my father's losses changing tho plan first adopted my respect and filial affection make
it now an imperative duty. I should despise myself, and so would you in a short
time, if I yielded to your present impulses to avoid what you call hardship,
but which I name pleasure.
"Do not interrupt me, my friend.
There is something else which I must
say, and you must hear me patiently. A
few months, perhaps weeks, will determine if peace is to continue in all our
borders. Until this question is settled
I remain 'among my own people.' Hear
me yet a moment longer," and she
caught his hand while she trembled
like an aspen leaf, "dear Jasper, hear
me, I have not understood you of late.
I had thought your whole heart so full
of patriotism that no local attachments
could make you swerve. But within a
few days���oh, Jasper���I ask no question,
wish for no explanation now. I will, 1
do trust your patriotism, and to prove
my trust be/ore all here I promise, and 1
know my parents will not gainsay the
pledge. Should this bittorness end in
war, no matter now soon, my brothers
will, 1 know, be ready to enlist in the
first call���and you?" Ah! who could resist the pleading look of agony she bent
upon that face, disfigured by so many
conflicting emotions?
"And you, beloved, will spring to arms
with them to fight together under our
dear old flag for justice and freedom.
With ull my heart I will bid you godspeed, and, father, the day my brothers
and Jasper march to the rescue I solemnly promise to become his wife!"
''Amen! with all our hearts," said her
parents in one breath, but Grenvilh
clasped her a moment to his breast, exclaiming:
"Rose! Rose! You tempt and try me
fearfully, but this is idle enthusiasm.
There is no war, probably will be none,
unless the north"	
"Oh, let us drop this subject," said
Rose. "You understand me. And as
I have said, God is my witness, so will 1
do. When tho timo of trial comes, ami
come it will, you are too good, too noble,
to bo found wanting."
"But hoar mo, Rosel You must and
will! Should we be involved in war.
why must I join in the contest? Consent
to be mine now and let us revisit together in the old world the scenes you
have so often described."
"And this to mel To me! Oh, Jasper!'
And clasping her hands tightly over her
eyes���in tones so childlike and piteous���
"but I did not understand you. I dream.
I did not hear you. You did but jest to
try me. Let it pass. You need not explain," she continued to moan.
A moment's pause, and then a greu:
j change passed over her. With head erec
i and eyes as keen and resolute us a mar-
| tial hero sho said:
"There needs no moro words.   You
must know I would never join hand.-.
with one who could leave his country o.
remain idle in time of peril.   A scot:.
equaled only by what I Bhould feel for a
traitor would annihilate every emotion
! of love from my heart.   Bnt I must sa;.
j good night to all.   Remember," laying
j her hand tenderly on Jasper's arm, ";
know this is but sport, rather cruel, but
��� I trust you all the same, and you will not
| fail mo when the trial comes.   For m;
sake let me ask that no more be said on
this subject tonight."
Grenville tobo as she left the room, evi-
I dently with the design of replying, bnl
j waving a good night kiss to all she passed
from her friends to her own chamber.
An awkward pause succeeded, bu:
' among the gentlemen each face wore a
I look of mistrust aud scorn, while Mrs.
i Newton and Lillian's heads were bowed
i in sorrow.
In vain Jasper tried to assume a care
! less and indifferent air, and soon mutter-
I ing something of a forgotten engage
j ment he departed.
' A few minutes of gloomy silence followed hie departure, but Rose's request
was constantly in their minds, and no allusion was mude to the painful scene,
but that in their hearts he now stood revealed there could he no doubt. Mr.
Newton made a fow remarks about somo
; business, and then Dunbar took his leave,
and the family separated for the night.
As Ralph passed from the room bis fa-
j ther noticed his greatly exoited manner | OOOD style,
[ and said a few soothing words to him
and earnestly enjoined upon all the necessity of strict self government for
Rose's sake, assuring them that it was in
his opinion the better policy to wait patiently for the final result, which could
not be far distant.
(To  be Continued.)
I'd be the fruit on yonder vine
That bends its luscious purple tips
To tempt that liquid eve of thine
And melt upon thj rosy lips.
Or, better still, some ftfvored rose
By thee beloved, by thee caressed,
That I might on thy breast repose
An hour and die; bnt, oh, hew blestf
���Doaahoe's 1"
. M. Jbnskn, Shop 39 McKtnzie Street.
Old Furniture repaired and made to look
like new.   Furnituro mado to order.
A call solicited. Carpenterwork proniDt-
ly attended to.
NOTICE Is hereby given that application
_ will bo made to the Parliament of Canada at Its next Session, for an Aot to Incorporate a Company to construct, maintain
mid operate u Canal or Navigation from i
some point on Burrard Inlet in or near Port
Moody in British Columbia, thenco In an
Easterly direction to somo point on Pitt
Itivcr In Township 40 or In Township 9; and
with power to construct and operate all
works and structures necessary or proper
in connection therewith; lo acquire by purchase, expropriation or otherwise lands for
the purposes of I he Company and to dispose
I hereof, tooharge and collect tolls and duos,
lo build wharves and store or warehouses:
to build or purchase Steamer or Sailing'
Vessels, scows mid barges, loreeluim lands
and foreshores to construct und operate telegraph or telephones and to do ill I other acts
incidental or necessary to tho objects above
Dated this Had day of November 1898
Solicitor for the uppllcunls.
60 DAYS,
Alarm Clocks 81185, former price $2.00.
Solid Silver, stem wind Amorican Watch
$8.00, former price $12.00. Men's Gold-
Filled (guaranteed 15 years) Waltham
or Elgin, $12.50, former price $18.00.
Rolled Gold Chains (guaranteed 5 years)
$2.00, former price $4.00.
30 per cent, discount on silver and
plated goods.
Watchmaker & Mm.
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Etc., Etc.
Factory in rear of City Brewery.
Cunningham St., Hew Westminster, B.C.
For Extra  Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
Campbell & Doherty,
The Cheapest & Largest Tailoring House
in the Province, employing at present
20 hands.
Wo make men's suits from $5 to $15 cheaper
than others, and yet make more money than "the ol*
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors..
Someiig Nev-Our List.
"All"Wool   Business Suits $18.    Old prico $25.
Irish Sercn, heavy weight $20.      "      "    $30 to 35
Kino Worsted Suits, $25 to $35.      "      "    $35 to 45
All Wool Pants, -        $4.50.  "      "    $6.50
Tho fact is wo would  like to havo a look at the.
man who sells cheaper than wo do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoats
to order from $14 up.
Cloth sold by tho yard.   Suits cut and trimmed If
you want to make them at home.
Mi   immense   stock   of  Heady Made
Clothing Tor Men and Boys.
Samples and rules for self measurement sont on
Yon will find us in the Curtis Block���tne Store iith tne Granite Pillars.
of Wall Paper,
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
P. O. BOX 405.
Telephone 7-4.
they are selling
100 lb. Sacks Shorts, $1 25
100   lb.    Sacks    Bran,     1  15
90 lb. sacks rolled Oats, 3 60
100 lb. sacks of Wheat, 1 6o
5 lb.   Boxes of Tea,    1 1o
5o lb. mats China Rice,   1 85
Hungarian Flour, S4 70 per barrel
9 tins Tomatoes, $1 00
11 tins Pease, $1 oo
11  tins Corn,    1 oo
Ceylon Tea, 4o cents per lb
13 lbs Currants, $1 oo
All other Groceries at very Lowest prices for Cash
Don't forget the address:
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St
Opposite Reld & Currlo's Foundry.
Of all kinds on hand.
A Call Solicited.
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,  Music,   etc.
B.   O.
; Columliia Street, New Westminster.
Ihe Latest and Choicest Patterns In Scotch
and English Tweods.Etc, fur full and winter
Get Prices!
Oldest, Business Premises in the City.
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try a Pair of $2,50 or $3.00 Pants.
A  Fine Assortment ol
Gentlemen's Japanese Smoking Jackets
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster. NEW WESTMINSTER-   BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  JAN. 18,  1894.
Be dally trod the ways of busy mm,
Silent, serene; and In the city's
They often marked his placid feat.
They could not read the ingnUfc In his
Inscrutable, and grave of mien, to aU
Save  me he seemed a man ot marble
Bnt I, I knew his calm was bnt a pall
Wherewith   to  shroud   the   skeleton  oi
Was cot his secret writ upon his W*w,
In one sharp symbol, pitifully plain?
That furrow was not turned by Time's dall
Bather a sword cat dealt by deathless pain.
Be dally paced the city's populous ways.
But through his beart a sad and hopeaaat
Went ever singing, and his patient gase
Waa fixed oa something far beyond tbe
���Univorsity Oomstaa, ,
Ordering a Dinner.  -
The average American citizen is wonderfully deficient in knowledge of what
he can get to eat. He falls down when
it comes to ordering a dinner. The
great majority of people in this country
are brought up frugally at home and
do not know anything but tbe commonest dishes. The consequence is that
when a man goes into a restaurant for
dinner or to a hotel he gazes helplessly
at the bill of fare and sees many things
of which he does not know tho component parts. He dares not order anything that he iB not sure of, for fear of
ridicule, and he falls back on roast
beef and mashed potatoes. The fact is
he doesn't know anything but roast
Same way in a restaurant. When a
waiter shoves a bill of fare under a
man's nose, nine times out of ten he
will look it over and then say, "Gimme
a steak and some fried potatoes." Now,
the man who does this, and nearly every one of us does do it day after day,
doesn't want roast beef. He is sick
unto death of steaks and fried potatoes.
He loathes ham and eggs, and yet he
keeps on ordering them in dreary and
dyspeptic succession, because ho doesn't
know any better, and he iB too proud
to confess his ignorance. It's that way
with me, and I'll bet it's that way with
most of you.���Buffalo Express.
Odd Definition of Segmental Wire Gnn.
Dear Sir���I beg to call your attention to tbe remarkable reply mado by the
editor of The Broad Arrow in the issue
of that paper of Sept. 23 to an inquiry
regarding the "Brown regimental wire
gun" (sic), page 4()1, to wit:
"The Brown gun ia an American Invention, and 'regimental wire gun' is
an Americanism which we take to mean
a gun to accompany a regiment or bat
talion in tho field.���Ed. B. A."
The Brown segmental wire gun is so
called because the tube is made of segmental shaped bars of steel, around
which tbe wire is wound, or wrapped,
at a tension. The gun is S inch caliber and 44 calibers long. Its working
pressure is said to he 50,000 pounds
per square inch. It could be used as " a
gun to accompany a battalion in tne
field" only by the bone marines. Perhaps the editor of tbe Broad Arrow
bad that gallant body in mind.���Newport (B. I.) Cor. London Truth.
The Tlslblo and InTlslble.
The wisest Indian philosophy ban
never boggled, liko ours, over that silly
word "supernatural." The Upanishad
���ays, "What is in the visible exists also in tbe invisible, and what is in
Brahm's world is also here." The
ultimate, albeit unreachable, is as real
to tho Asiatic mind as rice, and in the
Bhagavad-Uita Arjnna is actually permitted to behold tho embodied infinite.
Indeed it is rather this present existence
which India regards as the illusion, tbe
maya. To see the stars we must wait
for night, and to live we must die.
Noris it uninteresting to note in Hindoo classics how these large and happy
serenities of oriental view have softened
personifications of death.���Sir Edwin
It Began la Virginia and Wae Ifetthw Violent Nor Moblike.
Lynch law bad its origin in Virginia,
according to the conclusions of a gentleman who has been investigating the
early history of that state. It was not
mob law, as it is now understood. It
was orderly, methodical and fair in ita
processes and was strongly opposed to
violence or mob rule. Its distinctive
feature was simply that ita decrees and
findings were executed sternly and
swiftly upon the spot of their delivery.
Charles Lynch, whose name is associated with tbe summary proceedings
now known as acta of "lynch law,"
was a Revolutionary soldier and after
the war ended took up bis residence in
Pittsylvania county. The region in
which he lived became at one period of
the Revolution infested by bands of
Tories and outlaws, whose depredations
upon the defenseless people extended
from the lower parts of North Carolina
and Virginia to tbe passes of the Blue
Ridge and the headwaters of the
James and other mountain streams.
Deserters from both armies added
strength and semblance of organization
to their operations. Wherever they appeared the terror stricken inhabitants
were plundered, harassed and mercilessly subjected to every variety of insult and outrage. A remedy was needed for this insufferable state of things,
a remedy that should at onen strike
such terror to these miscrennts as
would relieve a community already suffering from the effects of hostile invasion. Colonel Lynch was the man to
take the lead in such an emergency.
He succeeded in organizing a body of
patriotic citizens, man of known character and standing.
Having laid his plans beforo them
and securing their approval, he at once
proceeded to put them into execution.
At the head of his followers he promptly got upon the track of the unsuspecting enemy, captured many and caused
the others to flee from the country.
When any of these outlaws fell into
his hands, they were not taken at once
to a tree and hanged or tied to a stake
and shot, as is now done under tho perverted system of the present day. This
was not according to the code of Colonel Lynch and his followers.
So far from such a lawless procedure
a jury was selected from Lynch's men,
over which be presided im judge. Tbe
captives were tried separately, the accused allowed to make his own defense
and to show cause, if he could, why be
should not be punished. If found
guilty, the punishment was inflicted on
the spot. The general impression has
been that in all cases of lynch law the
penalty was death. This is a mistake.
A writer who knew Colonel Lynch well
was assured by him that he never willingly condemned a criminal to capital
punishment; that prisoners were frequently let off witb a severe flogging
and then liberated on condition that
they would leave the country.���New
York Herald.
Tanderbllt's religion.
Commodore Vanderbilt waa a friend
of tho late Dr. Deems, and one was
about as clerical looking as the other.
The two were riding iu ti Fourth avenue
car one day, when two drunken men
got in. Ono of the newcomers swore,
and his companion reproved him for
such conduct in tho presence of a par-
eon. The offender thereupon, turning
net to Dr. Deems, but to tho old commodore, said, "You think I'm going to
hell, don't you?" "No," said the commodore; "I hope not, "and drunkard
No. 2 said with conviction in reply to
a glance of triumph from his friend,
"He must be a Universalis!"���New
York Sun.
Elastic Marble.
In one account of Rome, tho author
mentions five or six slabs of elastic marble as being in the possession of the
Prince Borghese. Being set on end,
they bend backward and forward; when
laid horizontally and raised at end,
they form a curve; if placed on a table
and a piece of wood or any other substance is laid under them, they fall into
a kind of curve, each end touching the
table. The Abbe Fortis was told that
they were dug up near tho town of Mon-
drogon in the kingdom of Naples. Tbe
grain is like that of fine Carrara mar-
hie, or perhaps of the finest Greek.
They Beem to have suffered some attack
of fire. A slab of marble similar in
every respect to those described and
highly polished has been exhibited for
more than 25 years ut the British museum. M. Fleuvian de Belvao succeeded in making common granular limestone, a granular quartz, completely
flexible, by exposing it to u certain
degree of heat. In Lincoln cathedral,
England, there isnn nrch built of white
marble which is quite elastic, yielding
to a heavy trend and returning or rebounding to its original position on true
elastic principles.���Brooklyn Eagle.
Charity Begins at Bom*.
Wealthy Merchant (at an evening
party���Gentlemen, we will not allow
this festive occasion to pass away without remembering the poor. In one of
my houses there lives a poor clerk
whom 1 shall have to evict tomorrow
unless be can pay his arrears of rent by
then. Fritz, hand a plate round.���
A cigar smoker, or a cigarette holder,
or a new or freshly burned clay pipe,
in point of safety and cleanliness, is far
superior to putting mouth to weed in
smoking, and one's wholo mouth and
thr.jut should bo thoroughly cleansed
with water after every smoke.
Hawaii has about BO miles of railway
and 2!>0 milos of telegraph lines, and
almost every dwelling and business
house in Honolulu has its telephone.
Tho city also has street railways and is
lighted by electricity.
A writer has figured that of tho 15,-
143 persons mentioned in "Apploton's
Cyclopedia of American Biography"
as famous in American history 5,1120
are collego graduutes.
In 1888 the civilized countries���that
is, Europe, America and the European
colonies and dependencies���produced
241,000,000 tons of various grains, just
a year's supply.
The bicycle girl Is plump and round,
.'icr cheeks are rosy, her skin is browned.
Her eyes are bright with health.
In lier modu.st guwn of imvy blue,
she get* ull tlicadiuiration due
To a woman's greatest wealth.
Her flesh is firm and her muscles strong,
Hor rounded limbs nilulil well belong
To a goildf-HS of olden tune.
As she KlitU'Kulongon lier silent wheel
All men admire, for all men feel
Thai Iwr vigor is sublime.
Then ball to the bicycle girl, and long
May she lire and grow more strong,
As a woman ought to do.
Till her weaker sisters also try
With her In her health and bar strength to via.
And get them bicycles too.
���Toronto Man.
One of Japan's Jewels.
The great attraction of Kamakura,
and one of the jewels of Japan, is the
Daibutsu, or great bronze Buddha.  We
approach it through a three lined avenue and get the first and best view of it
at n distance of somo 200  feet.    It is
a sitting figure, 40 feet 7 inches high, 07
feet  2 inches  in circumference.    The
face is 8  feet 5 inches long and from
ear to ear 17 feet 9 inches wide.    The
eyes, which are pure gold, aro nearly 2
I feet long.    The circtimferenco of the
j thumb is 8 feet.     These figures give
-. some idea of tho size, and the ligure is
! elevated on s stono platform  some 12
: to 15 feet abovo the peraon approaching
. it.    But no description can convey an
! idea of tho majesty of the face.    It is
bent gently forward as if in brooding
contemplation of the infinite.    It represents perfect pence���the repose of the
attained Nirvana.���Boston Herald.
A Cnrloiin Procession.
A curious procession onco took placo
nt Brussels. Ono part of the display
consisted of 11 car containing nu organ
played by 11 bear. There wero no pipes
to tho instrument, but a number of cats,
each inclosed in a narrow cage, answered the purpose. They were so arranged that when tho bear touched tho
keys of tho organ tbo cats' tails were
pulled, and the result was anything but
choice music, to say nothing of the cruelty thus practiced on tho poor animals.���Brussels Correspondent.
A Third Star.
Now the political equality clubs are
busy sewing on to their equal suffrage
flogs n second star for Colorado, besides
tho star of Wyoming. While they are
about it they may as well prepare a
third star for Kansas, to be added next
fall.���Woman's Journal.
The two friends had finished their dinner. From the windows of the cafe they
overlooked the boulevard, which at this
hour was crowded with people. The
soft breezes that sweep through the
streets of Paris on warm summer nights
fanned their cheeks, inviting them to go
down among the trees, somewhere, anywhere, to dream of moonlit streams, inspired poems and chanting nightingales.
One of them, Henri Simon, said to his
companion, with a profound sigh:
"I feel that I am growing old, my
friend. On such a nisht as this in days
gone by I was keenly alive to the pleas-
ur s of existence. Tonight I havo nothing but regrets.   Lifo is short at best."
He was a man about 45 years old, a
little stout and quite bald.
Tho othor, Pierre Carnier, not his senior in appearance by any means, but
more slender and vivacious, replied:
"I, my friend, have grown old without noticing it. I was always gay aud
jolly, vigorous and all that. For, wnen
one looks at himself in the glass every
day in the year, the ravages of age are
not apparent. They are slow and regular and work such gradual changes that
the transition is not noticeable. We can
hardly perceive it. To see it plainly, one
should not look into a mirror for six
months at least, and then���ah, what a
"And the women, old fellow���how I
pity thom I All their happiness, their
power, their life, is in their beauty, and
that lasts but 10 years at best.
"As for myself, I grew old without
suspecting itl I thought myself still'
youth when I was near 50 years of age.
Free from infirmities of any kind, I was
going my way, happy and content. But
the revelation of my decline came upon
me in auch a simple yet startling manner that I felt the effects of the shock
six months afterward. Then I accepted
my fate gracefully.
"I have often been in love, like all
men, but once in my Uf* I was quite
hard hit.
"I met her at the seashore���Etretat���
about 12 years ago, not long after the
war. There is nothing more delightful
than that beach in early morning ut the
buthing hour. It is not very extensive,
is curved like a horseshoe and encircled
by tall, white dills, pierced witb singular holes called 'The Gates.' One of these
cliffs is enormous aud stretches its gigantic length to the water's edge. The
other is round and flat. The women
swarm over this narrow strip, with its
pebbled walks, and transform it into a
brilliant garden of summer toilets within walls of rock. Tlie sun shines full
npon the coast, over parasols of every
imaginable color, und over the sea of topaz blue. It is a jolly picture, enchanting to the eye. Close by the water's
edge tho people lounge in the sand,
watching the bathers as they come tripping down in their flannel bath robes,
which they discard with a pretty movement as soon us the white fringed waves
play around their feet. Then they run
in with swift littlesteps, whilo the water
sends thrills of a delicious chill through
their veins.
"Few women are made to endure the
crucible test of the bath. Their figure
stands revealed from ankle to throat.
As they emerge from tho em brace of the
briny waters, either their shortcomings
are mado plain to the eye or the routined
contours ol form and limb are enhanced
by tht clinging, dripping garments.
"Tilt Iirst lime 1 saw the young woman oi whom 1 have spoken I wits carried
ami; bj ber charms.    Few women [o.s
sets Ilie l.iMily of form thut 1- I'.nrt.iuj;
and overpowering at the tiisi glance**
that seems lo a man iisiT lie liad ml nmfi-
I ly met the creature he was born to love.
j I experienced that sensation  and tnat
j shock.
"1 was introduced to her and was more
deeply smitten than ever in my life.  She
made ine lier slave, and ll was lioth lev-
ribii'iuid delicious to milium iiitu 10 the
r< i.:i of n woman,   It is uciure und 111
desciibublu telicityat Ouou.   li. r i.xifc.
her smile,  the  little  tinidrils of   bur
round  her neck rufihid by the breeze,
every   line   in   her   face,  her Kit;; . , .1
ciovemeut, captivated my Ketisps ami ensnared and drove 1110 to disimotion,   She
took   complete   possession   of   me.     it
[ grieved me to see her veil  lying  on a
I cli.iir or her gloves thrown careli ..sly 0 1
i ine sofa.    Her toilets se"iii.'i! uiatchle.
in my eyes, and no other woiiik.ii bun
I ever worn huts more buou uiu ; th.i.i he.������-.
i "Uhe WHB married. Her liuoiuinii c/ii.iH
: every Saturday and departed a.','.iin on
j Monday. I was not in the least eon-
' cei,ml about hi in nor jealous of his ro
I latiij!) to hor. No living creature ever
; seemed of less consequence to mo than
I this man.
"An, how �� loved her���sho who wal
[ so guy, ao pretty and so graceful I   She
waB youth, elegance and freshness pet
I sonified,    1 never felt more keenly than
1 did  then  that a woman is a sweeti
; lovely and delicate being made of cliormi
j and graces,   Never before had I discovered Ilie beauty that lay in the rounded
contour of a cheek, the movement of a
lip, Ilie curves and creases of a little ear,
tbe shape oven of that stupid feature,
j the nose.
"This lasted three months, when I was
���Called to America, whither I went with
'. a crushed and broken heart. Even away
1 from her 1 was her slave still. Years
I went by. i conld not forget her. Her
charms were cons: .111 tly before my eyes
and in my heart. I cherished ber memory with a tenderness that had grown
calm, and I loved her as one loves a
dream of a most beautiful and enchanting thing,
"Twelve yean do not mean much in
the life of a man. They pass almost unnoticed. One follows npon the other,
slowly yet swiftly. Each is long, yet
soon at an end. Although they multiply
rapidly, they leave few traces behind
and vanish so completely that when one
looks back upon them there is nothing
left to remind us of their flight, and age
creeps on without warning.
"It seemed to me that only a few years
separated me from that delightful season
on the beach at Etretat.
"One day last spring I went to dine
with friends at Maiseons-Lafitte. Just
as the train was about to start a portly
matron entered the coach I occupied accompanied by four little girls. I conld
cot help looking curiously at this large,
rotund, motherly creature, whose face
was like the full moon under a berib-
boned hat. She puffed and panted from
the exertion of her hurried walk. The
children began to babble, and 1 unfolded
my newspaper and commenced to read.
As we passed Asnieres my neighbor suddenly accosted me:
" 'I beg your pardon, sir. Are you not
Al. Carnier?'
" 'YeB, madame.'
"She laughed with the contented lough
of a cheerful woman, but there was just
a tinge of sadness i�� her voice.
" 'Do you not recognize me?"
"I hesitated. It seemed to me that I
had seen her face before, but 1 could not
tell when and where.   I answered:
" 'Yes���and, no���I certainly know yon,
but I cannot recollect your name,' Bhe
blushed a little.
" 'Mine. Julie Lefevre.'
"I was startled out of my wits. For r
moment tho earth seemed to reel arouuc
me, and a veil was rudely torn from mj
eyes which made mo see things with terrible, heartrending clearness.
"It was she! This stout, common
woman, tbo mother of these four girls.'
I eyed the little creatures with as much
astonishment as I did theiruiother. They
had followed her; they had taken their
places in life, already half women, and
she counted for nothing���she, who had
once been such a marvel of delicate aud
coquettish charms!
"It seemed to me that I had known
her but yesterday, and to find her thus
againl It was impossible! A violent
pang wrung my heart. I rebelled
against nature and her brutal, infamous
work of destruction! I looked at her
with frightened eyes. When I took her
hand in mine, tears dimmed my vision.
I wept for her youth; 1 wept for her
death. This stent woman was a stranger
"She, too, was touched, and she faltered: 'I am much changed, I know, hut
it is only natural. I am a mother now���
nothing but a mother���a good mother.
Farewell to everything else that is
passed. I did not think that you would
recognize me or that we should ever
meet again. Yon yourself are not as
you used to be. It took mo some time i
to decide whether I was mistaken in my
surmise. Your hair has grown quite
gray. Think of it���12 years is a long
time. My oldest daughter is nearly 10
years old.'
"I looked at the child and discovered in
her some of tbe old charms of her mother, um'.pfiuable as yet, unformed and in
the bud. und life seemed to me nothing
more than a rapidly passing train. We
arrived at AIiussoiis-Lafitte. I kissed
my old friend's hand and parted from ber
with a few trivial phrases. I was too
deeply moved to speak,
"In the evening when I waefalonel examined my f.icu a long time in the mirror and ended by recalling to my mind
the picturo of myself as I bad been in
bygone days, with brown mustache and
black hair nnd a young, fresh face. But
now I was old. Farewell!"���Guy De
Are about  making  a  change in their business,
they are offering their entire stock of
Ladies' $5.00 Shoes Reduced to 14.00.
"       $4.00        "
"       $3.00
"       82.00
Mens'     $4.00 Boots "
Boys' $2.50 School Boots   "
"      $1.50       " "       "
7- $3.25.
" $2.25.
" $1.25.
" $3.00.
" $2.00.
** $1.00.
Any person wishing Boots.   Shoes or Slippers, now is their
chance as the stock is all new and from the best
Manufacturers in Canada.
Dine Jeans at the Fair.
Two World's fair visitors, in hiokory
shirts, jeans pantaloons and immense
straw lin's. stalked into the .Missouri
state building the other duy. 11ml were
at once the center of a curious crowd.
Tho visitors were brothers named Hart,
and they had taken 11 novel wayof reaching the W u.dd's fair. They left Ihoir
home in Camden county. Mo., about the
middle of .luue and came up through
the Illinois bottoms by easy stages in
camping wagons.
Camden county, Mo., is where they
raise good harvest hands. The Hart
brothers are typical members of this
profession. Along ubout early liarve:.t
in June they allowed it to be 11 good plan
to work their passuge to Chicago and the
World's fair via the harvest fields.
] Camping outfits were stowed away in
j wagon* arid the pair started northward.
V\ don tliey found a farmer who needed
exlra help in making hay or harvesting
early crops thoy hired out for a few
days. They not only paid their traveling expenses in this way, but laid by a
snug sum with which to see the fair at
their leisure.
When tho Hart brothers reached Chicago they selected a grove about four
miles west of the fair grounds and pitched camp for a four weeks'stay. World's
fair hotels had no allurements for them.
Their first visit in the lair grounds was
to the Alissouri building, and it took
them some hours to gut accustomed to
their new fungled surroundings, The
piano in tbe parlor pleased them Immensely, but the typewriter mucliinesin
operation simply ustounded them.���
Pittsburg Dispatch.
A Pointer to
A Criticism by Disraeli.
Denial Osborne was for a long time
bribed to silence by his political opponents by appointment to ollice. When
the trammels were eventually removed,
he celebrated his liberation by a rattling
speech "The voice of the honorable
member has not been beard in this house
for some years past," thereupon observed
Disraeli. "Throughout that period he
has felt the irksomeuessof restraint, aud
we now hear the wild shriek of freedom.''
���Ban Francisco Argonaut.
Before sending east for your supply of Boots and Shoes,
Write or Call on us
And we will give you better bargains than  you will be  able
to obtain in the east.    Our stock is large and all new
and we are bound to dispose of it before
making the contemplated
change  in  our
Columbia Stree
New Westminster, B. G.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items