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The Pacific Canadian Sep 29, 1916

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Array FroviflOUlI.lbvrxry,   Victoria,   B.kf]
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Weekly News Digest and Journal of  Observation and Comment.      \Vicr
Vol. I.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B. C, FRIDAY, Sept. 29,  1916.
Number 30
During the recent general election campaign, it was
a favorite fiction of the Government speakers and
press that the Liberal Opposition campaign was solely
negative in its character���destructive criticism of the
Government���and that the Liberal party lacked any
constructive policy; while the electors were invited to
admire the fine programme of constructive legislation
which the Government, in the last few months of a
thirteen year lease of power, had put upon the statute
books���a programme borrowed, with delightful irony
and effrontery, almost entirely from the Liberal platform.
In the very nature of the case, consideration of
the long and prolific in wrong-doing Government record claimed first place in a general election inquisition
into the propriety or otherwise of granting that Government a renewed lease of power. Added to this,
the Government did everything in its power to turn
the discussion aside and concentrate it upon spurious
and side issues, and succeeded to the extent of having
a great deal of time squandered in such unprofitable
discussions, which otherwise might have been profitably employed in considering and elaborating at greater length the many remedial and constructive proposals, in addition to those recently appropriated by
the Government, that had been outlined in the Provincial Liberal platform for years.
One of the most important and far-reaching of
these proposals, which necessarily, for the reasons re-
���\ ferred to, did not receive the attention it deserved
during the election discussions, is what is known as
proportional representation���a term significant enough
in itself of its general aim and effect, but little if at
all understood in its details and workings, for the good
a,nd sufficient reason that, while it is not unknown
either in theory or practice in Europe, Australasia, or
South Africa, we have had no working illustration as
yet on this continent, and to the great majority of
people it is simply a significant phrase���significant of
representation in proportion to population or voting
strength���and nothing more,
Fortunately, it is much more significant of "the
real thing" than the time-honored slogan of "rep. by
pop," which we think we have in this country and of
which we have working illustrations galore all over
the British Empire, that are chiefly remarkable for
demonstrating how utterly the present vaunted systems and distributions of representation fail to give
the people as a whole anything like a fair or equitable
representation in their legislative and deliberative assemblies. Illustrations innumerable qf the grotesque
travesty of representation thus aphieyed could be
cited. It will be sufficient to note one���right at home,
Jn the Provincial general election of 1912, over 85 per
pent, of the electors of British Columbia voted for
Liberal candidates. Not a single Liberal candidate
was elected. Under proportional representation, 35
per cent, of the Legislature, or a little over one-third,
would have been Liberal,
"We should worry!" perhaps it may be thought
the Liberals of British Columbia might now well say,
in the slang phrase of the day, seeing they are now on
top, and that the present anomalous system of representation lends itself peculiarly to a political party
that can once get into power and that is not above
"manipulating the constituencies," like the party now
about to be superseded, in order to maintain itself in
ppwer. We think better things of the Liberal party,
however, though we thus speak. We believe that its
jdeal is public service, and not to make the public subservient to its ends, and that, in pursuance of that
ideal, it will fulfil its pledges, not only to abolish the
corrupt and debasing patronage system, but to give us
a just and equitable system of representation as well,
though that will insure, or at least make possible,
after another election, a considerably larger Opposition than appears to have been provided for the new
Legislature by the recent elections.
The two main principles underlying the prqportiqnr
al representation system���that was in use, before the
war, jn Belgium, Switzerland, Denmark, and Sweden,
that was adopted by Franpe in 1913 and by Japan several years ago, and that has been in operation for some
time satisfactorily in Tasmania, as well as to some extent in Western Australia and South Africa���are: The
"single, transferable vote," and the grouping of the
representation into constituencies having from five to
ten members each. Each voter marks the figure 1
opposite his first choice on the ballot paper, and, if it
is, say, a five member constituency, he indicates by
Called upon at very short notice, owing to circumstances, to decide matters of more than ordinary import to the future of the city, the ratepayers who
voted on the market site plebiscite, last week, instinctively recorded their confidence in the larger future of
the city, in relation especially to the splendid Waterway on which it is located and the great agricultural
district whose development is inseparably bound up
with that of the city, by refusing to grasp at an apparent temporary advantage, at the sacrifice of future
and lasting gain. That it was not simply a question
of voting the market one place or another or leasing a
site at a certain price for an industry, but a question
of the whole future development of the market and of
the shipping facilities of the harbor as well, was realized sufficiently, if not clearly foreseen, by the ratepayers to guide them to a wise and prescient decision.
The large measure of success that has attended the
public market in this city, ever since its inception,
more than a score of years ago, when compared with
the repeated abortive efforts to build up such an institution elsewhere in the Province, especially in the
neighboring city, might well have given us pause before entering upon a policy for the future, that would
divorce the market in any degree from the river, or
that would in any way hamper or restrict its great
growth and expansion that may reasonably be expected with the vast agricultural development undoubtedly in store for the Fraser Valley. By reaffirming their decision that the market shall be permanently
located on the splendidly commodious Tenth street
site, with ample facilities for shipping large and small
for all time, and by retaining the whole site for public
purposes, the ratepayers have at once assured the future of the market and declared their unalterable confidence as well in the future of this city as a great
distributing and shipping point.
That the well grounded confidence and the reasonable aspirations of the people of New Westminster are
not rightly appraised or understood at all times, or
strongly sympathised with at any time, by our enterprising neighbors, has been manifested on more than
one occasion through their public press, which has
just suggested, the World being the spokesman on
this occasion, that the ratepayers would reverse their
decision if they had more time for consideration. The
Province made an even worse guess at the time of our
great fire some years back, when it opined that Westminster's extremity was Vancouver's opportunity, or
words to that effect, and even the writer of what is
not inappropriately termed "a Column of Irresponsible
Chatter" in the Sun went out of his way lately to take a
fling at what is shrewdly recognized to be the charter
of our future greatness as a city���the Fraser River���
by the inane suggestion, apropos of nothing, that, ' 'if
the enemy fleet should at any time threaten British
Columbia, nothing better could happen than that they
should take it into their heads to venture up the Fraser,
where they would inevitably get stuck, staked or
stranded in the mud."
All of which might well confirm us in the wisdom
of taking our own counsel, keeping on the even tenor
of our way, and improving every opportunity to establish and build up a public press of our own, instead of
that of our neighbors, whose aim, naturally enough, is
at all times to promote and build up their own interests, even'at the expense of ours,
the appropriate figures opposite other names his first,
second, third, fourth, and fifth choices. When the
ballots are counted all candidates who have received
what is called the "quota" of the first choice votes
cast���that is sufficient to barely elect (the "quota"
being determined by dividing the total number of valid
votes cast by one more than the number of members
to be elected for the constituency, and then adding
one)���are declared elected as a result of this first
count. The "surplus" first choice votes are then
transferred to the second choice candidates, until they
get the "quota," and so op, every vote being made
"effective," the votes of those candidates who do not
receive sufficient to possibly elect being also divided
among the remaining candidates to be elected, on a
fair basis as indicated by the choices marked.
Official recounts of the ballots in the recent election,
so far as heard from, have been to the advantage of
the Liberal party. In Dewdney, Mr. Oliver's majority
has been raised from 142 to 158. In Vancouver, Mr.
Bowser has lost 33 votes, putting him that much fa��-
ther behind, while Ralph Smith has been boosted to
second place on the Liberal ticket, coming next to M.
A. Macdonald, who heads the poll by a clear 500. F.
J. MacKenzie, in Delta, climbs up two, leaving him
five votes behind Paterson- so near and yet so far.
The saying that there is nothing new under the sun
is again sustained by a report from a South American
explorer, that he found, in the Amazon valley, a system of wireless telegraphy that had been in use more
than 3000 years. The transmitter and receiver were
hollowed trunks of trees suspended on poles some miles
apart, and the vibration was made by striking the
transmitter with a rubber hammer.
British Columbia, notes the Toronto Star, completes
the solid block of Provinces with Liberal Governments
from Ontario to the Pacific Ocean. The Eastern Provinces are more equally divided, Ontario, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, Conservative, Quebec
and Nova Scotia, Liberal. In Ontario five bye-elections
have been held in recent years, and all have been unfavorable to the Government, big majorities being cut
down in Hamilton and Dundas, while in three constituencies formerly Conservative, the Government
candidates have been defeated. Three of the Ontario
contests were held before . the prohibition law was
The Cowichan Leader, independent, refers to the
Liberal majority in the new Legislature as being "so
preponderant" that it sincerely hopes "that those Liberal members who are pledged to the proportional representation system will bring about this most necessary reform. Sir John A. Macdonald's comment on
overwhelming majorities has frequently been quoted
against the Conservatives. The Liberals have been
called 'apostles of purity.' Their return to power does
not immediately canonize them as 'archangels.' We
hope to see them 'play the man' for British Columbia,
for 'by God's grace' a candle to ignite the fires of
righteous government has now been lit for them. May
they never put it out!"
It makes all the difference in the world whose ox is
gored. The Germans, who invented and first used
poisonous gas in warfare and make murderous war
upon non-combatants, including women and children,
by all sorts of devilish devices and practices, object to
have their formations broken up and their soldiers
stalked by means of the new British armored car device known as "tanks," and, it is reported, propose to
lodge a complaint with the Red Cross against their use,
on the ground that it is contrary to recognized methods
of civilized warfare. The idea, in a sense, is as old as
Hanrtibal, who "made lanes" among the opposing
hosts on occasion by driving maddened elephants
through the enemy phalanxes.
On the occasion of being presented with a testimonial as Grand Master of the Derbyshire Free Masons, recently, the Duke of Devonshire, who will arrive in Canada as Governor-General next month, said
his appointed task as Governor-General of Canada required all his energy and courage; with the good will
of friends at home and the hope of a friendly reception in Canada he trusted he would have the strength
and good sense to make the most of his opportunities.
"We are," he said, "passing through anxious times.
It is to be hoped that out of all that is sad and terrible
good will come, and that we resolve never to allow
this outrage Germany has perpetrated to be repeated."
That, he said, in conclusion, was the message he would
take to Canada, of whose generous share in the struggle England is proud.
Major-Gen. Sir William Robertson, Chief of the
Imperial General Army Staff, began his military
career as a ranker in the 16th Lancers, rising to be
sergt.-major, after which he was gazetted second lieutenant in the 3rd Dragoon Guards in 1888. Most of
his early campaigning was done in India and he set
himself to acquire a wide knowledge of the native
languages, which proved of inestimable value when he
held the position of Staff Captain in the Intelligence
Department at Simla from 1892 to 1896. Sir William
earned much distinction by his work with the Chitral
Relief Forces and took part in the hardest of the
fighting in that hill campaign, being severely
wounded. In the South African war, he
was one of the few officers who made a reputation and was afterward Commandant of the Staff
College at Camberley, afterwards being made Director
of Military Training. At the outbreak of the present
war, he went to France as Quarter-Master-General
and ultimately became General French's Chief of Staff,
later being appointed right-hand man to Earl Kitchener at the War Office, where he is now chief military
adviser. Sir William was born in the little village of
Welbourn, in Lincolnshire, but his parents were Scotch
and he is familiarly known in the army as "Wullie." Page 2
New Westminster, B.O���Sept. 29,1916
Published every Friday from the Offices, 761 Carnarvon Street,
New Westminster, B. C, by the Pacific Canadian Printing
& Publishing Co-, Ltd.
GKO. KENNEDY, - - Editor and Manager
Subscription Prices;���$1.00 per annum [in advance];   50c.   for six
months; 25c. for three months; 10c. per month;  5c. per copy.
Advertising rates on   application
At the first sitting of the Dominions Royal Commission, held in Vancouver, Saturday, Sir George Foster presiding���to determine the resources of the Dominions and what is needed to best utilize them the
first speaker before the commission was Mr. H. 0.
Bell-Irving, who, dealing with the fisheries of British
Columbia, suggested that a Royal Commission should
go thoroughly into the fisheries subject, and, pending
its report, no new canneries should be permitted on
main rivers and that, from 1918 to 1920, the Fraser
River should be closed to fishing to allow it to recuperate from a condition which he said was deplorable.
Sir George Foster said he would place Mr. Bell-Irv-
ing's suggestions before the Dominion Government.
Another speaker, Col. Markham, on the question of
settling returned soldiers on land, suggested that the
Seabird Island Indian reserve, in the Fraser, on which
there were only 122 Indians, and which, with its 4,511
acres, would accommodate 450 soldiers and their families, on holdings of 10 acres each, ought to be utilized
for this purpose. The suggestion, said Sir George,
seemed an excellent one.
Royal City Pork Butchers
737 Columbia St. 309 Sixth St.
We make a specialty of Cooked Meats.     Our
Properly Cooked Hams, Veal Loaf, Etc.,
are in great demand.
Phone 219
PHONES  15 and 16
The general election returns, as made
up to the date of our last issue gave the
Liberals thirty-nine out of the forty-
seven seats in the Province, the Conservatives five���namely, Cowichan, Nelson,
South Okanagan, Similkameen, and Slocan���and three ��� Lillooet, Kaslo, and
Fort George���in which the result was
still in doubt owing to the returns being
The returns having since all come in,
it is now known that, of these three
doubtful constituencies, two, so far as
the regular or "civilian" vote is concerned, have gone Bowser Conservative
and one Liberal���Lillooet having returned A. McDonald by the narrow majority
of 29 (260 to 231) over J. B. Bryson,
Liberal, and Fort George, by the grace
of a third, vote-splitting candidate, having returned Hon. R. W. Ross (the only
Minister to win election) by a plurality
of about 26 over John Mclnnes, Socialist, who had the main Liberal support.
Mr. Ross, however, will be a minority
representative by over one hundred, and
those who know the district say the soldiers' vote in this instance will undoubtedly reverse the result and insure the
return of Mclnnes. Kaslo, the third
doubtful constituency, with the regular
returns all in, gives John Keen, Liberal,
421 votes against 311 for R. J. Long,
Conservative, a safe majority of 110.
The new Legislature, therefore, with
the soldiers' vote (which is not likely to
materially alter the relative standing of
the parties) to hear from, will stand
forty Liberals or Liberal supporters to
seven elected as supporters of the Bowser Government. It is not surprising,
with such a clean-cut and unmistakable
verdict, that Premier Bowser should
have felt constrained to announce, as he
is reported by the Government press to
have done at Victoria, the other day,
that, as soon as the soldiers' vote is
known, probably about October 14th
next, the Government will resign office,
and, in the meantime, devote itself
solely to routine work and, in Mr. Bowser's words, "to clean up arrears of
Incidentally, Premier Bowser is reported to have declared that he could
"look back on the campaign with pride.
We made a good clean fight," he said.
"The electors have expressed their decision and we must bow to it. It is not
our intention to in the slightest degree
take advantage of the interval between
election and our going out of office.
There will be no jobs given and no new
business initiated. * * * That is to
my mind the proper and constitutional
course to follow."
It is very good of Mr Bowser to magnanimously recognize these truisms,
and no one will deny him the comfort of
"looking back with pride," if he can
conscientiously do so; but he would get
more credit for sincerity if he would
hurry up the counting of those soldiers'
votes, as he has the power to do, bow
himself out without so much loss of
time, and let the country get on with its
real "cleaning up" business.
A great railway strike in the United States was
prevented, recently, by the legislation of Congress,
conceding the demands of the men for an eight-hour
day. The prevention of the strike was a tremendous
boon to the people of the United States. But the critics say that-^meant a surrender to force���that the
workmen preprinted the gun, and the President and
Congress held up their hands, Such a policy of purr
render, they say, may have untold consequences. All
that would be necessary in future would be to make a
demonstration of force to have anything demanded.
���  Dealers in	
X   Crushed Rock, Sand and  Gravel,   Lime,   Ce-
>t* ment, Plaster, Drain Tile, Etc.
X   Forge, House and Steam Coal.   Agricultural Lime
'}��� 902 Columbia S reet
I New Westminster, B. C.
Subscribe for The Pacific Can-
adian.-the coming paper-to-day
Indications point to big business in OVERCOATS this
Fall. We have anticipated this and are prepared to
meet the demand. Our overcoats are graceful in design and fit, handsome in pattern, and consistent with
good value.   What more can you ask for?
Prices $15.00 $18.00 $20.00 $25.00 to $35.00
Reid & McDonald
Men's, Young Men's and Boys' Clothing
707 Columbia St.    New Westminster, B. C. in
New Westminster, B.C., Sept. 29, 1916
Page I
Commencing Oct. 1st, the dairymen
of the city will sell nine quarts of milk
for $1. instead of ten quarts as before.
On Monday afternoon next, the Fisheries Department will put up for sale at
auction a number of confiscated sockeye
Capt. G. C. d'Easum, chaplain of the
131st Battalion, is expected down from
Vernon camp this week to spend a few
days with his family.
Mr. M. Shore, C. P. R. agent at Kamloops, paid a visit to this city this week
with Mrs. Shore and child. Mrs. Shore
is a daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. A.
Dash wood-Jones.
Harris Turner, who is reported to have
suffered total blindness as a result of
wounds sustained when serving with the
Princess Pats, is well known in this city,
having worked as a reporter on the Daily
Last Day to Register.
Monday next, October 2, i's the last
day for registering as a Provincial voter
prior to the semi-annual November revision, at which the lists will be made
up for the succeeding six months until
the May revision. A Dominion general
election is a possibility before May next,
and the Provincial lists are used for Dominion elections; so, if you are not yet
registered, see about it not later than
Mondav next. The Liberal Club rooms,"
Westminster Trust block, Clarkson St.,
will be open both daytime and evenings
in the meantime to accommodate any
one requiring registration forms and assistance in filling out and certifying
same. Don't fail to get on the list, if
not yet registered.
The whole oi the internal management
of the Royal Columbian Hospital is being
investigated by the board of management at a series of meetings in camera.
Complaints of the quality of food served
to the nurses arid patients is one of the
causes of the investigation.
When you buy merchandise for your
home, you patronize the merchant who
reduces cost artd gives careful service.
Buy your insurance on the same principle and place it in one of the best
companies available at a reduced rate.
Alfred W. McLeod,   the Insurance Man.
With Aug. 31st, The Pacific Canadian
completed the first six months of publication. Subscriptions, which will be received at the office, 761 Carnarvon St.,
are now due for period beginning Sept.
1st inst.: 25c for 3 mos., 50c for 6 mos.,
$1 for year.
As a result of a police raid of an
opium joint in Chinatown, on Sunday,
four Celestials were gathered in. One
man was fined $20 and costs in Police
Court yesterday, and the others forfeited
bail. The majority of the inmates of
the joint escaped by au underground
For enrolment in night school classes
which will commence next week in the
Connaught High School, the School
Board secretary's office will be open
each evening this week from 7 to 9
o'clock. An effort is being made to secure as large an attendance at the night
schools this year as possible.
0 The marriage took place at the rectory
of St, Paul's Church in this city on Monday, September 25, of Miss Irene Madeline Schaake, daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Henry Schaake, Third street, to Mr.
Thomas Smith. Rev. C. E. Wincott
performed the ceremony in the presence
of a few friends of the couple. Mr. and
Mrs. Smith will make their home in this
The fall criminal assizes will open on
October 16. So far but few cases are set
down. The most serious is the charge
against Isher Singh, of Abbotsford, of
wounding Sunda Singh. George jjen=
shaw, a B. C. E ��� R^, employee at Lake
Buntzen, will be tried on a charge of
robbing campers"' cottages, and Harvey
Long  will  also   face   a   housebreaking
The following uopTCommissjqneil officers of $e 13}st Westminster Battalion
qualified at the Royal School of Infantry
at Work Point Barracks, Victoria: Sergt.
E. E. Goulet, lieutenant; Pte. A. Anthony, lieutenant; Lance-Corporal L. W.
parren, sergeant; Sergt. B, A, Cox, ser-:
geantj Corporal IL McQitabqn, sergeant;
gorporft! A- Qray, sergeant; Sergt, A,
Anthony, sergeant,
The local W. C. T. U. will hold a
series of sales of home cooking in the
city this winter, the first to be held ou
Friday, October 6. The union will engage in special work this year. This
will consist of Loyal Temperance legion
work, dealing with the education of
children; educating the won}en along
political }ines \n yiew pf women's franT
phise'i a^d prayer meetings for the wives
apd mothers of soldiers.
One month in jail without the option
of a fine was the sentence imposed iu
District Court this week by Magistrate
Clute on a Japanese fisherman for interfering with a fisheries officer in the discharge of his duties. The fisheries patrol boat Swan pulled near the fisherman's boat, early Sunday morning, to
search for fish caught during the weekly
close season. The Jap had a gasoline
launch and took refuge in flight. After
a chase around the river the fisherman
was caught.
The second great Dominion war loan,
subscriptions to which closed on Saturday last, 23rd 'inst., proved, like the
first, a great success, being over subscribed by almost double the amount,
5100,000,000, called for���the subscriptions totalling 5180,000,000 and probably
more. Ninety-five per cent, of the
thirty thousand odd subscribers were
Canadians. The smaller subscriptions
wjll a" he alloted in full, and the $50,-
000,000 subscribed by banks will not be
required for this loan.
Another native son of New Westmin-r
Ster, pte. Edgar Wilson, son of Mrs, J,
C. Wilson, 42 Bushby street, has been
killed in action. He was 23 years of
age, and was a fireman on the C. P. R,
prior to enlisting. He went overseas
with the second reinforcements draft of
the 47th Battalion, Two brothers have
enlisted, Henry T- Wilson, with the
Foresters, and Clifford Wilson, with the
Engineers at Valcartier, Another brother, D, C. Wilson, is employed at the
Brunette Mills.
Money will be raised on "Our Day," ���
October 19, in aid of the liritish Red
Cross fund by local subscriptions and by
tht sale of tags on the city streets. A
committee to solicit subscriptions and
one to have charge of tagging were appointed at the public meeting at the City
Hall on Monday afternoon. Ladies will
predominate on the tagging committee.
Mrs. J. W. Creighton was appointed
chairman of the general committee and
o' the men's committee, and Mrs. J. S.
Clute, secretary. Madame Gauvreau is
chairman of the ladies' cofnmittee
Next Minister of Agriculture.
Mr. John Oliver, Liberal member-elect
for Dewdney riding, formally opened
the Maple Ridge fair held at Port Haney,
last Friday and Saturday. He was introduced to the crowd by the president
of the association, Mr. Adolf Lundgren,
as the next Minister of Agriculture. Mr.
William MacNeill, assistant general
manager of the Western Canada Power
Co., also spoke briefly. There was a
large attendance on Saturday, the largest in the history of the fair. All lines
of produce were represented among the
exhibits Vegetables, fruit, dairy produce, and stock all were shown and all
of a high order of merit, and the judges
had no small task in awarding the prizes.
The Women's Institute of Port Haney
aided largely in the success of this year's
exhibition, and there were many exhibits
of women's work and activities. Mr.
John Oliver announced that next year
he would donate a special prize of $5 for
the best 50 pounds of timothy seed produced in Dewdney aud a $10 prize for
the best 50 pounds of red clover seed exhibited at next year's fair.
The People's
Main Store     -     193 and 194
Sapperton branch       -       373
West End branch       -       650
Big Stores
Two Zeppelin Raids.
On Saturday night last, there was an
invasion of the British Isles by twelve
big Zeppelins of the latest type, which
took heavy toll iu lives and injuries inflicted on non-combaiants. in the metropolitan district of London chiefly,
twenty-eight persons being killed and
ninety-nine wounded, in addition to a
few in the provinces. Small suburban
dwellings and shops were wrecked and
one railway station damaged. The sky
pirates paid heavily for the raid, one
Zeppelin coining down in flames, which
consumed crew and all, and another
being brought to earth and the crew
captured. Gun fire accounted for one
and a daring aviator for the other.
A second raid, by seven Zeppelins,
was made over the east coast of England,
Mondav night, in wliich twenty-nine
persons are reported to have been killed,
the Zeppelins being finally driven away
without accomplishing anything but
murder and relatively immaterial damage.
Crabapples   (Hyslop)   Finest  *
Jelly Crabs, per lb 3c  X
Quince, 3 lbs.   for  25c  ��
Damson Plums,  per lb 4c  A
Bartlett  Pears   (Local)'   just  X
the thing to preserve for  the
winter.    Per box  -80c
Crawford Peaches [freestone]
best quality. Per box- .$1.00
New Models in Fall
Garments for
New Styles, New Shhdes and the most
Fashionable Weaves are all represented
in this most interesting collection, and
all are endowed with that special distinction of the new season.
New Fall Dresses
$7.50 to $35.00
New Fall Suits
$20.00 to $45.00
For Fall Housecleaning
Olivers' Carpet Soap  makes
all  carpets  like  new.      Per
cake 25c
Smoky City Cleaner, for wallpaper,   calsomine,  etc.     Per
tin 25c
Polishing Oils, including
Liquid Veneer, Wizard, O'Cedar, Waxit, etc., from 25c
to $1.25 per bottle
Royal Crown Soaps, etc.,
make housecleaninga pleasure
New Fall Coats
$11.00 to $45.00
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y-ounaf Liberal Club.
A meeting of the Young Liberals' Association was held in the Liberal Club
rooms, Wednesday night, to take steps,
for the organization of a Yo^ng Liberals'
Club and for thg maintenance of club
rooms in go-operation with the older organisation. Mr. R. C. Higgius occupied
the chair and Mr. J. A. Courtenay acted
as secretary. Ways and means were discussed and a committee was appointed to,
confer with the Liberal Cluh. executive,
Saturday night, and report to a subse-
quent meeting of the Young Liberals, to
be held on Thursday evening next,
October 5,
Every   Lady  Autoist
Should be provided with a pair of
Auto Goggles to guard the eyes
against strong Sunlight, Wind,
Storms and Dust.
For your Auto Goggles, see
and  Optician
Prowess of the War.
The great war development of late���
and the Allies still continue their steady
advance on all fronts���was the capture,
early in the week, of Combles and
Thiepval, by the Anglo-French forces on
the AncretSfimme sector of tlie Western
front- The Canadians, earlier, contributed to (he signal successes by taking
and holding Courcelette in a most brilliant and dashing advance. The way is
now cleared appreciably to the great
strategic railway communication objectives of the whole Anglo-French offensive since July 1st last���Bapaume and
Peronne���the taking of which at an
early date, which now seems assured,
will strike a vital blow at the present
Teutonic line of occupation on the
Western front, and compel a serious
falling back. Some sixty thousand prisoners, besides a vast quantity of guns,
munitions, and stores, have fallen to the
Allies in these combined British, French,
and Canadian operations since July 1st,
which have driven a great triangular
wedge embracing over one hundred
square miles into the German lines.
That the German morale has given evidences of late of being seriously shaken,
is harflly to be wondered at.
Meanwhile, a most interesting situation, not devoid of the element of comedy, is developing in regard to that
hitherto most uncertain factor in the
Balkan theatre of the war. the position
and attitude of Greece, whose reluctant
King Constantino, brother-in-law of the
Kaiser, who has managed to stultify
Greece since the outbreak of the war, is
now being compelled by a general popular uprising, under ex-Premier Veni-
zelos, to accede rather undignifiedly to
the wishes of his people by entering the
war on the side of the Allies, or be
brushed aside as a   fly on   the   wheel,
Citv   Market.
Unusually good market this week, and
large attendance. Meats in good supply, with prices same as last week. Poultry in very large supply, with good demand, at 14c to 18c for hens; spiings,
17c to 19c; ducks, 18c. Eggs brought
45c to SOc retail and 40c to 41c wholesale, Butter retailed at 40c. Very little
doing in potatoes, at 90c per sack aud $10
to $15 per ton according to quality.
Apples were very plentiful and ranged
at 50c to 90c per box
Thanksgiving falling om Monday, Oct.
9, next market, Friday the 6th, wi 1 be
Thanksgiving Market, with 1 ts of prime
home grown turkeys.
Continued from Page  Four
building and taking down polling booths,
$3.50, be paid.
On motion, the report was adopted.
The Finance Committee reported, recommending payment of City Solicitors'
account totalling, with $50 reduction,
$727.49.    Adopted.
The Light Committee reported, recommending:
1. That the Warden of the B. C. Penitentiary be informed that the request
for connecting the accountant's house to
the city lighting system cannot be acceded to owing to the fact that the wiring installed does not comply with the
provisions of the Electric Light By-law
of the city, and that he be advised that
the Supt. of the Light Department informed the Deputy Warden what the requirements were before the wiring was
completed. Also that a copy of the bylaw and regulations be forwarded to the
Warden for perusal,
2. That the application for a street
light at the corner of Major and Garrett
sts,, Sapperton, be granted, estimated
cost of insta'lation $68 47.
On motion, this report was adopted,
after it had been brought out in discussion that it would not be a very serious
or difficult matter to make the wiring of
the accountant's house conform to the
city electric light regulations.
The Electric Light Committee reported, submitting agreement of Western
Canada Power Co., uot to supply, after
1st October, 1916, electric power for
lighting purposes to the Vancouver
Prince Rupert Meat Co., or to any other
customer within the city limits, without
the written consent of the chairman of
the Lighting Committee.
By-Laws, New Business. Etc.
The Fire Prevention By-law, 1916���a
consolidation, for convenience of reference, of all the amendments for years
past with the original by-law���was given
first reading and laid over till next
Under "new business,", the matter of
arranging a meeting between the Vulcan
Iron Works, the City Council, and the
petitioners, re securing suitable site for
Vulcan Iron Works, was left with the
Mayor Gray announced that an invitation was extended to the Mayor and Aldermen by the Board��pf Trade to take
part in the trip down to the mouth of
the river Tuesday morning, for the purpose of enabling Hon, Dr. Reid, Minister of Customs, to view the improvements at the   Snndheads.    Most  of   the
Money to Loan
for Sale
Notary Public
Guichon Block, Columbia and MeKenzie Sts.,   HEW WESTMINSTER
New    Wellington,
Lump, Nut, pea
and SlacK
Foot Sixth St.
Phone 105
_^ at prices that  are   RIGHT
Quality, Quantity and Service  is  our
Phones:   150-732
Belyea & Company, Ltd.
827 Carnarvon Street
Aldermen signified their willingness to
The Water Committee was asked for a
report re arrangements with the Canada
Products, Ltd., and a special meeting of
the Council was arranged for Thursday
a fternoon to discuss electric light and
water connection matters with Mr. Russell, manager of the Vancouver-Prince
Rupert Meat Co.
The Council then adjourned.
The 104th Regiment, ^radically denuded of its entire peace strength by the
formation of the 131st Westminster Battalion, is meeting with considerable success in a recruiting campaign, 164 N. C.
O.'sandinen attending the last drill,
Monday evening.
The following additional names have
been added to the Honor Roll of St.
Andrew's Church: Garnet Corbett, J.
G. Shaw, D. McDonald, J. Swarbrick,
A. Gleason, B. Marklaed, W. B. Carruthers, II. Gilchrist, Thos. Todd, F.
Hall, Jas. Tawse, Chris. Mowbray.
Approximately $400 is expected to be
realized from the sale of junk collected
on "junk day," last Saturday, in aid of
the Prisoners of War Fund The Westminster Junk Company purchased a part
of the material collected for $225. The
remainder is being sorted and will be
sold during the week.
Compare Your Car
with the Sum of $8
Your car might
any clay.    For
catch on fire
you can buy
gu isher at
a  Fire   Extin-
T. J. TRAPP & CO.. Ltd.
Store 59      Office 196
Machinery  and   Auto  Dept.   691
fire Insurance (Igeqcies
Mutual Fire Insurance Co. of B.C.
Mount Royal Insurance Co. of
Montreal. Glens Falls Insurance
Co. of New York. Nationale Insurance Co. of Paris, France.
Minneapolis Insurance Co. of Minneapolis.
Wm. McAdam
Room 1, Hart Block I?��*M
New Westminster, B.C., Sept. 29, 1916'
Some Pertinent Questions re Production In B. O. Asked Sir George Poster by Mr. Joseph Martin, M. P.
In a communication to the Vancouver
press, Mr. Joseph Martin, after referring
to the pleasure he had listening to the
eloquent and able address of Sir George
Foster, on Friday evening last, in Convention Hall, Hotel Vancouver, indulges
in the following stimulating and pertinent criticisms:
At the end of his speech he dealt with
conditions in Britisli Columbia, and
pointed out, quite properly, that the people of British Columbia could not add to
the wealth of Canada by speculating in
town lots; and further pointed out that
what we must do is to increase our pro
He did not go further and .point out to
us how that could be done.
I quite appreciate that Sir George's
speech was purely non-partisan, and that
is no doubt the reason that he did not
explain to us how, in his opinion, our
production should be increased in this
I think, however, that while we have
two members of the Government here
(Hon. Martin Burrell, Minister of Agriculture, being also in the Province; it
would be a very opportune time for them
to point out to us how we should proceed
in this important matter.
My contention is that the reason pro*
duction in this P,. ..vince has been so inadequate in the past, and will continue
to be in the future, arises from the fact
that Canada is under a protective policy,
the effect of which is to increase by
about 50 per cent, the cost of developing
the great resources we have in this Province, to wit: our fisheries, our timber,
and more especially our mineral resources; also to a more limited extent,
onr lands.
The argument for a protective policy
is that it will increase the prices of articles produced by the people of the country to which it applies.
While it may be true to a certain extent with regard to portions of Eastern
Canada, it has no application whatever
in British Columbia. The price of fish,
the price of lumber, and the price of
metals are fixed outside of Canada altogether, and the protective policy has no
possible effect on the question of these
On the argument of the productionist
then, whatever the cost of production is
increased by the tariff, "is a dead loss to
the producers of this Province.
I am aware that there is a feeling
against discussing political issues while
the war is on, but Sir George himself
pointed out to us that preparations for
after-war conditions ought to be dealt
with immediately.
While Sir George took that point, I
think quite properly, in the speech itself,
he went no further than to point out to
us what we really already knew, that
British Columbia could only progress in
the future by developing its natural resources.
It seems to me, therefore, that the
question of the effect of the tariff on
British Columbia qught not to be in any
sense a partisan question.
There was a time when the Conservative party in Canada stood for a protective policy, and the Liberal party stood
for a purely revenue tariff. The fifteen
years that Sir Wilfrid Laurier was in
power changed all that, and the Liberals,
by their legislation and practice, to a
large extent adopted the protective
policy, and that was one of the strong
reasons that I became an independent
and refused to longer support the Liberal party.
When a couple of years ago Sir Wilfrid
Laurier and I had a conference, we thoroughly discussed this matter, and I was
authorized by him to announce (which
I did in Winnipeg, on my way home)
that the Liberal party, if returned to
power, would make all mining, lumbering, and agricultural implements and
machinery absolutely free of duty and,
in my opinion, such a modification of
the tariff would be the very thing that is
required to develop our natural resources,
especially our mineral wealth.
Since I came to this Province nineteen
years ago, there has been very little development in minerals, compared with
the vast extent of ores wliich are known
to exist in this Province. It is true that
since the war there has been a great improvement in mineral production in this
Province, but that has arisen from the
fact that the war has about doubled the
price of metals.
From an Imperial standpoint, it is certainly most important that a portion of
the Empire, extremely rich in mineral
wealth, like British Columbia, should be
developed to the utmost possible   limit.
What then is the proposal of Sir Geo.
Foster and his colleagues with regard to
this matter? He told us last night that
things could never be the same after the
war is over, and we all agreed with him.
Is the tariff to remain the same? As far
as I cau understand, the position taken
by the proiluctionists is that it will be
necessary to largely increase the tariff
after the war. If this be so, what is the
tiling that the people of this Province
must devote themselves to in order to do
what Sir George so strongly advises,
and what we also so clearly appreciate,
increase our production ?
Yours, etc.,
Vancouver, Sept. 23, 1916.
Influential Petition Received Asking:
Council to Reopen Matter of Suitable
Site for Vulcan Iron Works.
The Mayor and all the Aldermen were
present at the regular Council meeting,
Monday night, whicli dealt chiefly with
a variety of communications of more or
less interest, including a petition signed
by most of the manufacturing and business concerns of the city, asking the
Council to take steps to  bring   about   a
meeting with the Vulcan Iron Works
directorate and the Council, with a view
of re-opening the matter of securing a
suitable site for the proposed extension
of those works in the city, the petitioners offering their services to assist. Considerable discussion ensued, resulting
finally in the passing of a resolution in
accordance with the petition.
The following communications were
received and dealt with.
From the Returning Officer, reporting
the results of the plebiscite vote of Wednesday, 21st inst., on market site question, ete.
From the Market Clerk, monthly statement for August, reporting receipts of
From the corresponding secretary of
the Local Council of Women, asking
support for a movement to enable the
wives of soldiers who have gone overseas, and are municipal voters, to vote
in their stead. On motion, received and
recommended to the Union of B. C.
Municipalities. ��
From Stephen & Gauatt, re plans for
proposed new market building, offering
their services as architects. Received
and filed for reference.
From the Canada Products, Ltd., asking permission to store some supplies
temporarily on Front street near industrial tracks. Received and referred to
Board of Works to act.
From the secretary of the Woman's
Auxiliary Royal Columbian Hospital,
asking for permission to have a tag dav
on November 10th next. Received and
permission granted.
From the City Solicitors, with copy of
statement of claim re Mrs. Dolphin vs.
city, from Adam S. Johnston, solicitor,
claiming $10,000 and costs for injuries
sustained by fall on sidewalk. Received
and referred to Board of Works to report.
From Fred. Morshead, applying for
employment.    Received and filed.
From the pilot of the Fraser River, reporting  on   soundings    between    Port
Mann   and  No.   1 buoy.      Referred   to
\Harbor Committee to take up with Resident Engineer.
From the secretary-treasurer of the
Union of B. C. Municipalities, asking
that the Council send a full representation to the annual meeting at Vernon oil
the 11th and 12th October. Received,
and matter of delegation deferred till
next meeting.
From Thomas Ovens, asking for an
extension of the life placed on his building adjoining the Central Hotel. Referred to Building Inspector to report.
From the City Engineer, re communication of James Innes, complaining of
lack of drainage; also re application of
A. G. Lovick, 1411 Edinburgh st., to
connect with West End sewer. Report
of engineer on these mattets rdopted.
From Chung Nye and others, asking
permission to rebuild roof of building
belonging to Chinese Reform Association on corner of Carnarvon and Mclnnes
sts., and asking three years' extension
of life of building. Also report of Building Inspector on same, recommending
an extension of one and a half years.
Recommendation of Building Inspector
From E. E. Nixon, re flooding of his
basement on Third street. Ou motion,
the Mayor and Aid. Jardine were appointed a committee to ->ee what could
be done in the matter.
/        Vulcan Iron Works Site.
From J R. Grant and others, petitioning the Council to take steps to bring
about a meeting with the Vulcan Iron
Works management with the view of
secnring a suitable site in the city for
the proposed extension of those works,
the petitioners���including the principal
manufacturing and business concerns of
the city���offering their assistance in the
Aid. Goulet'moved, seconded by Aid,
Johnston, that the coinmunicotion be received and the Vulcan Iron Works be
invited to meet the Council as  a whole.
Aid. Bryson objected, after all that
had passed between the Vulcan Iron
Works and the Council���after the latter
had been informed that no other site
would be considered but the Tenth street
site, which the ratepayers had refused
to grant���for the Council now to ask the
Vulcan Iron Works management to
meet the Council in the matter.
Aid. Goulet considered that, in the
largely and influentially signed petition
received, the Council had a mandate to
re-open the question of endeavoring to
obtain a suitable site for the Vulcan Iron
Works, other than the Tenth street site.
Aid. Eastman, seconded by Aid. Bryson, moved, in amendment, that the
Council accept the services of the petitioners to bring about a meeting between the City Council and the Vulcan
Iron Works.
Considerable further discussion followed, participated in by the Mayor and
Aid. Goulet, Bryson, Eastman, Johnston,
and Dodd, and, on motion of Aid. Eastman and Dodd, Mr. J. R. Grant, one of
the petitioners, who was present, was
heard in support of the petition.
Mr. Grant said he was present to see
what position the Council would take in
the matter. While, in what he conceived
to be the interests of the city, he had
publicly opposed the alienating of tlie
Tenth street site, the fact that the Vulcan Iron Works had applied for a location on that site had nothing to do with
the position he took. Personally, he
would be glad to give assistance to the
securing of a suitable site in the city for
the Vulcan Iron Works, and there were
other suitable sites, he was satisfied.
Aid. Eastman's amendment was finally
put and lost, and the original motion���
modified to read: That, in acquiescence
to the request of the petitioners, the
Vulcan Iron Works be invited to meet
the Council, with the petitioners���was
The Finance Committee reported, recommending:
1. That tlie Mayor, chairman of Finance Committee, and City Treasurer be
authorized to arrange the staff in tlie
City Treasurer's office and make such
changes as is deemed necessary to provide the highest efficiency in  the   De
2. That the fee for 1916 to the Union
of B. C. Municipalities, $50, be paid.
��. That the following grants, on account of educational purposes, in rebate
of taxes, be made: To St. Louis College, $347; to St. Ann's Academy, $420;
to Columbian Methodist College, $1125;
provided the institutions named pay their
taxes in full for the current year.
4. Also that arrangements had been
made with the manager of the Bank of
Montreal, and approved by Mr. Brymner, for a subscription of $100,000 from
the sinking fund of the Corporation to
the Dominion war loan, 1916, in 20 fully
registered bonds of $5,000 each.
5. That  William   Pope's   account for
Concluded on Page Three
Prices are Low and You
are  Assured   of   Quality,
for if you are not -satisfied
with your purchases we will
exchange the goods or refund
your money, as you like,
without question.
Local New Laid Eggs, doz.-45
Alberta Fresh Eggs for cooking purposes; very good quality;   2 dozen  for 75c
New Westminster Creamery
Butter, per lb 40c
Best Canadian Cheese, lb-25c
Macaroni, 3 pkgs. for 25c
Black Cooking Figs; new
stock, excellent quality; try
these,   you  will  like   them;
per lb 10c
Nbel's Ginger  in Syrup, per
jar  25c
Palm Olive Soap, 2 cakes-.25c
Gihnour's Hand Cleanser removes the dirt; per tii}...:.-10c
Goblin   Hand   Soap    works
wonders, per cake --5p
Peaches for preserving, per
crate -$1.00
Model Grocery
Matheson & Jacobson
308 Sixth St. Phone 1001-2
East Burnaby, 2nd St. Phone 598
Edmonds, Gray Block Phone 1111L
Sapperton, Guhr Block Phone 1012
Wrapperettes and Kimona
A good variety in light and heavy weight cloths in designs suitable
for Kimonas, Dressing Gowns, Smoking Jackets, Bathrobes, as
well as Waists. House D: esses, etc. Many of the floral and conventional effects are particularly nice colors; are harmonious and
soft; plain colors such as Pink, Sky, Rose, Grey, Red, etc. Per
20c, 25c, 35c, 40c, 50c and 60c
Fine Woolen Waist Lengths
All wool fabrics such as Challies, Delaines, Fine Flannels, and
other materials so much in demand for Fall and Winter Waists
and Dressing Jackets. Shown in waist lengths of 2 1-2 and 3-yds,
Per length
$1.00 to $2.25
W. S. Collister & Co.
The Store for Women's Wear
P. O. Box 933
Westminster Iron  Works
JOHN  REID,   Proprietor
General Machine Work, Engineering and
Manufacturers of  Structural and Ornamental Ironwork
Office and Works:
New Westminster, B. C.
James & McCIughan
Auto Tires & Accessories
New Westminster, B. C.
Front and Sixth Sts.    Phone 302
Welding and Bracing
Auto and Motor Boat Supplies and Fittings
First Class Machine Work
New Westminster
Phone 275      724 Front St
The Necessity
For an Independent Newspaper, devoted to the interests of New
Westminster City and the Fraser Valley, and jn sympathy with
the New Progressive Provincial Administration that will shortly
be formed, with which the City and District have allied them-
, selves, has not ceased, but only begun, with the placing by the
electors of the partv behind that Government in power,
The Pacific Canadian,
If properly supported, can give the City and District such a
paper, and steps are in contemplation to that end. As important political developments may and probably will transpire before the new Government is formed and established, it is desirable, if not necessary, to maintain the present weekly publication in the interim,
The Publishers
Will, therefore, appreciate, as some small immediate aid and
evidence of support toward the materialization of their plans, if
those who have been receiving the present paper will enclose or
bring appended subscription blank, together with amount of
subscription in advance for 3, 6, or 12 months, at 25c, 50c, or
$1.00, as they may prefer, for which they will receive full credit
on any publication that may succeed this.
Enclosed please find subscription
for The Pacific Canadian for .,..,	
Name ,, ,	
P. O	
The Pacific Canadian Ptg. & Pub. Co., Ltd.


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