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The Pacific Canadian Mar 10, 1894

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Array 3D I
"       "Sfej
rom, i
Vol. I.
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 10,1894.
No. 26.
BUSINESS   CARDS.
HOTELS, Etc.
MERCHANT'S HOTEL, corner of MoNeely
and Oolumbla Streets. Best Wines
and Cigars kept constantly on hand. JAS.
CASH, Proprietor.
MERCHANTS' EXCHANGE DINING
ROOM. Oyslors fresh daily. All game
in season. Open day and night. Meals at
all hours, First-class cusino. No Chinamen.
HARRY HUGHES, Proprietor.	
GROTTO HOTEL. This House lilis been
thoroughly renovated and refurnished,
and the proprietor solicits a share of public
patronage. MEALS. Scents. Whileeooks.
&, it. SMALL. Proprietor.
rnllE TELEGRAPH HOTEL. Front Btreet,
I opposite in the Ferry Landing, Nothing but choicest, of liquors and cigars. Telephone 108., P, 0. I!"* BO. HOGAN BROS,,
Proprietors.
13I0K0FP HOUSE, corner front und
J llegbie streets, New West nilnster. First
class boirdand bulging. Uost wines, liquors
nnil obrara supplied at the bur. ill M >v
SWANSON. Proprietors.
OCI'IUKNTAI. HOTEL, corner Columbia
iinil Bogblo Streets, New Wostmlnstor.
It. V. Kates fur Itoiird and Luilging: Por
day,tl.OOi per week. 10.50. Tho besl of Wines,
Liquors nnd Cigars dispensed at Ilie bar.
,1. c. GKAV. Proprietor,
DEPOT HOTEL, Oolumbla street, New
Westminster, ThebostH.OOa day bouse
in Canada. The rooms are superior, and the
Hotel is well adapted to the needs of families.
to whom special rales are given. Board by
the week at reduced rates. 1'. O. BILODEAO,
Proprietor.
UOTEL DOUGLAS, comer of Columbia
tl and MeKenzie Streets. New Westminster. American and European plan. Shaving
parlor attached, under the management ol
1). Walker. Restaurant open day and night.
Sample room forcommereials. A..I. lOLMir..
Proprietor. Telephone 111.   P. O. Hox 224.
One Dollar per Year.
The subscription prico of this paper is
$1 per annum. The Pacific Canadian
is tho only $1 paper published in British
Columbia, and is certainly tho best
paper published for the money In any
of the western Provinces of Canada. A
newspaper Is an educator, and no
family should bo without ono. Tho
Canadian is designed for a family paper,
and is always free of objectionable
matter. Every homo should havo it.
Only $1 per year. ���
THE HOLBKOOK HOUSE, Front Streot,
New Westminster. This is the popular
Hotel of the city. Airy and well furnished
rooms. Cusine department carefully supervised, and the dining tables supplied with
all   the  luxuries of the season.   Banquets
spread to order. Late suppers providod at
short notice. Choice Writes. Llquprs and
Cigars tn the sample room.   A. VAOHON.
FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE.
FOR Sale or exchange for property In H. C.
Ono hundred acres of land In Munltouliii
Island���50 acres cleared, balance good hardwood and cedar. Four miles from county
town, 1 mile from school, good house, good
water. Titlo good. Adress. SunsciuiiKii.
Offico Pacific Canadian.
Pure Bred Berkshire
Pigs.
Tho undersigned, brooder of Pure Bred
Berkshire Swino, has always on hand pigs of
all ages, which will be sold at reasonable
prices.   Applv to
THOMAS SHANNON.
Cloverdale, B.C.
fC.  #*���
35 MeKenzie street, New Westminster.
Clothes Cleaned, Repaired, Dyed.
*VLadies' Dresses, Gents' Suits and Overcoats
Cleaned, Dyed and Pressed Equal to new.
Gents' clothes neatly repaired. Velvets.
Plush, Silks, leathers or Gloves cleaned or
dyed. Sunshades, Black silk Umbrellas,
Blankets, Sheep-skin Hugs, beautifully
cleaned or renewed in color.
&T   Rubber Coats  Dyed,   Jg%
SPECIALTY���Lace Curtains  Cleaned or
Dyed In all the Latest Shades
ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
Mainland Truck and Dray
Stables.
NEW WESTMINSTER,
GILLEY BROS.
praying & Teaming Promptly
All cmled to.
ALDER AND FIR WOOD AND BARK
ALWAYS ON HAND.
Agents for T. Hembrough & Co.'s Brick,
Tile and Puttery Works.
Orders received forOllley & Rogers'Coal.
E. J. NEWTON
importer and Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles, Etc.
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED.
STOCK SADDLES A SPECIALTY.
547 Front St., New Westminster.
WANTED.
Wanted���a position as short-liand and
type writer. Lawyer's oflice preferred.
References furnished.   Apply.
A. B., <:are Pacific Canadian.
CITY   AND   DISTRICT.
CotJNiuu.oii QonDOK, of Surrey, was lu
town yesterday,
ON Wednesday the Brunette Mills and
the Royal City Mills each shipped cast
three car-loads of lumber, etc.
Tin', annual mooting of the Provincial
Lacrosse Association will be held in this
city on April 14th.
REV. Ai.khkdSiui.DUicK, of Kamloops.
litis accepted the rectorship of Holy
Trinity Cathedral and parish here.
MB. II. 0. CiiAMUKiu.AiN has been appointed teacher of vocal music in the
city schools and will give, lessons twice a
week.
It is said that E. C. Blaker, who left
here a short time ago leaving a number
of mourning creditors behind, has been
located at Seattle.
THE closo season for wild ducks, etc.,
commenced on tho 1st of the current
mouth. The open season for trout fishing begins on the 15th.
Mr. R. McGihcgou, a merchant of
Nanaimo, has been nominated as a candidate for that city in the Government
interest. He is very popular, and his
friends believe he will head the poll.
During the absence of Mr. E. Hailey
and wifo from their home at Port Moody
last week, the house was burglarized and
$180 stolen, besides some jewelry and
other valuable articles. The Provincial
police have the matter in hand.
Tiik alTalrs of the linn of Ogle. Camp-
hell & Freeman have been adjusted.
The dry goods business will be continti- j
ed by Mr. Freeman, while Mr. Ogle takes
over the clothing and furnishing business
1 of Ogle, Campbell & Co.
I    Tiik site committee of the Columbian
| Methodist College have not yot yet come
to a decision, though they have examined
| the various 'sites offered. The directors
l will  meet On   the 21st   of this  mouth,
when   the   matter    will   no   doubt   be
'settled.
I
I M. FERGUSON, of Mount Lehman, was
I up before ('apt. Pittendrigh, S.M., on
| Wednesday, charged with having assaulted Dan. O'Loary. The assault was
| the result of a quarrel, Ferguson was
l lined 810 and costs and paid ��35 eom-
; pensation.
The shortest hill of tlie session was
I introduced in the Legislature a day or
| two ago by Mr. Home. It contains one
clause only, as follows: "The 'Wldo Tire
! Act, 18!I3,' is hereby repealed.'' That is
i the kind of wagon legislation that will
' suit the people.
i
Mn. ,1. M. Robertson, who owns a fine
I ranch on the head waters 0/ the Serpen-
| tine in Surrey, intends to give his friends
i and neighbors a grand ball on the oven-
] ing of tlie Kith inst. Mr. Robertson has
1 had a lice new residence built, and the
; bill is in the wav of a house-wanning
1 celebration.
Mn. A. C. Williams, manager for the
Main land Pottery Co.. has now got the
establishment hero in operation, and ex-
| presses great confidence In the success
I ol the enterprise, many large orders
| having already como in. The appliances
| are all lirsi-Hass, and highly satisfactory
; products will no doubt be turned out.
The weather during the week has
been raw and disagreeable. There was
a strong gale all Wednesday, and early
Thursday morning tho wind was very
violent for a few hours, though no damage Is reported beyond the falling uf a
few trees across the roads in the rural
districts. Some ()|d residents say the
wind was the heaviest In their experience
here.
Mn. and Mrs. u. Hall, of Brandon,
Manitoba, have been spending a few
weeks on the Pacific Coast, Including a
visit to the Midwinter Fair at San Francisco. They aro now on their return
trip by way of the O.P.H., and were In
Westminster yesterday, where they have
a number of old friends.   Mr. Hall Is an
extensive farmer and was lately publisher of the liraiidini Times,
At the residence of the Iirlde's rather.
Mr. David Douglas, nephew of  Mr. Hen
Douglas, and .Miss He Book, daughter of
Mi. Howard Do Beck, were married on
Thursday evening. The Hev. Thos.
Hall, pastor of ihe Central Methodist
Church, was the officiating minister, and
a goodly company of   friends   were   pro.
sent to witness tho ceremony, It is understood  thai   the happy  pair are  In).
inediiitely to start out lor Sotilli Africa,
to try their fortune there.
Parties contemplating setting out
fruit trees may bo Interested In the
Ti-iiiiunt prune,   This is a  variety  said
to havo originated near VVbatci  and
is represented as wonderfully early and
very prolific. Ills sold as a specialty
and at a high price. Mr. li. M. Palmer,
Provincial Fruit Inspector. Is our authority for saying that the Tetiiiant prune is
a failure in this Province, rarely giving
a crop. It blossoms about the same time
as the poach, and like Hit; latter is liable
to lie caught by late spring frosts. It is
a vigorous grower, and may be of value
to provide stocks for more desirable
varlotlos.
Between Langley municipality And i
the International boundary line there is
a strip of territory 3 34 miles wide called
sometimes "No Man's Land," 'boeause
belonging to nono of the surrounding
municipalities, and not large enough to
be separately Incorporated, lt is now
pretty well settled, and tho people have
long wished to become part of Langley.
The authorities of Langloy, however,
refused to accept tho additional territory.
Latelv tbe matter came tip again, and
the individual opinion of each settler in
Langley was obtained, with the result
that the great majority were found to be
in favor of taking in the i.1.1.; mile holt.
At the last meeting of Langley Council
action litis accordingly taken to have
the southern limit of tlie municipality
extended to the boundary line. Tilts will
give general satisfaction.
At the meeting of this City Council on
Monday night, the report of Mayor Hoy
in regard to the Fraaor River bridge was
made public. The proposal of the Government Is to aid ihe structure   by n
grant of 318,000 a   year   fur   ten   years.
W, .1. Jennings, an engineer of large
experience connected with the C.P.R.,
was authorised to examine the proposed
site and make an estimate of the cost of
a first-rate railway and traffic bridge.
His estimate was 3400,000, and he was
authorized to prepare plans and specifications at a fee of SOW. The Council
instructed Mayor Hoy to return to Victoria and continue to look after bridge
Interests there. There is a general feeling of confidence that tlie river will be
spanned without unnecessary delay.
In the District Police Court on Wednesday, 0. M. Clawson, of Ladners, was
charged by his wifo with refusing to
support her. According to the evidence,
they had, a few months after being
married, agreed to separate, he to pay
$8 a month for his wifo's support. He
has paid nothing since June last, and
the woman is in destltuto circumstances.
Clawson put in no defence except that
the case was a civil one and should havo
come before a civil court. The case was
committed for trial.
A deputation from Delta was in attendance at the meeting of the City
Council here on Monday evening, their
business being to ask that body to endorse a proposition to bo mado to the
Government for aid for the construction
of a wagon road on the south bank of
the Fraser between Ladners and this
city. Of couse the endorsation was very
heartily given, for undoubtedly the proposed road would be a great benefit to
city and district.
It is stated that Indians and white
men by tlie unlawful use of nets aro depleting the Lillooet rivor of lish. The
stream Hows through the municipality
of Maple liidgo and empties into Pitt
river. It is one of the most delightful
trout streams in the Provlnco for the
angler, as tho writer can attest from
experience. Nets and dynamite will soon
do their work if some one is not made an
example of. It Is satisfactory to learn
thai tlie authorities are interesting themselves in tlie matter.
Tun Westminster Presbytery was iu
session here on Tuesday aud Wednesday.
After disposal of the ordinary business,
the report of the temperance committee
was submitted. It recommends that tho
liquor question should be submitted to a
vote of the people at tho approaching
elections. Similar action has been taken
in other Provinces, and there is no Jap
parent reason why B.C. should not be permitted to go upon record.
A mass meeting was held iii Victoria
on Tuesday evening to discuss tlie
Delta railway project. A resolution
favoring tlie enterprise was carried, but
it cannot he said that much enthusiasm
was manifested. Tlie Victorians are still
hankering for another great continental
line, and act a good deal like tlie famous
dog that lost his bone hy grasping at a
shadow.
Tun grocers of this city certainly cannot be accused of exacting heavy profits
from their customers. Prices have got
through the hard-pan and are now work-
Into the bed-rock. McDonald iirus.
advertise a few specimen prices in this
issue.
Mr. Wm. Ladner was in the city yesterday. He came up to attend the meeting of the B. C. Dairy Association, which
was being hold last evening at the
timo this paper went to press.
THE MARKET,
The market yesterday, while quiet,
was rather better than during the past
few weeks, but scarcely enough so to
comment upon.   Meats were rather short
i and inclined to stiffen In price.    Poultry
I it) demand but very scarce. Kggs plentiful, and falling In price.    There are a
! large quantity of potatoes uow ou band,
some ol them   very   Inferior  iu   quality,
: but Clerk Lewis says lie will be ali'" to
handle   them    Without    difficulty,    ai.d
; thinks thai. the. tendency Is io continue
linn at tin average of #-'(>   per   Ion.     We
quoto as follows:
No turkeys, ducks, or geese. Chickens or hens, live. 88 per dozen.
Butter, ">ll lo 00 cents per loll. Eggs,
S3 to :.'.ri cents per doz.
Pork, whole, 8 cents! ems, s to IS.
cents.
Beof, forequarters. ST: blndquar-
, tors, 89; cuts, �� to i3.s cents.
Mutton, US cents by the carcase: cuts,
l 10 lo IS. cents.
Hay cannot bo quoted higher than sn
'. to SIS per ton.
Oats, 887 to 880 por ton. Wheat, 8S8
i to 880.
Potatoes, $30 per ton. Turnips, SO;
mangolds, $7: whito carrots, 89; rod
carrots, 810 to Sll; beots, lJi cents per
lb.; cabbage. 3_ cents; parsnips. 1J cents
per pound; onions, none.
Applos. SI to SI.3") per box.
The Friday aftor next, 33rd Inst.,being
Good Friday, no market will be held on
that day. It will bo held on Saturday,
the 34th, Instead.
LANGLEY COUNCIL.
Council met at tho Town Hall, Langley, on Saturday, March 3rd, at 10.30
a.m. Present���the Reeve and Couns.
Morrison, Johnstone, Cornoek, Simonds
and Hlair.
The minutes of the previous meeting
wore read and confirmed.
communications.
From J. Green re action of J. McLennan in removing a box from ditch on
road limit. Referred to Cornoek for investigation and report.
F.'om Mrs. Miller, re gazetting a road
from her place to the Vale road. Application refused, and Coun. Blair Instructed to explain to Mrs. Miller why tlie
Council were not in a position to grant
her request.
From Reading Room Committee offering to paint Ihe Inside of tin ball If the
Council would furnish the materials. On
motion a sum of 813 was appropriated,
and a eiiinmlltee consisting of the lieeve
and Coun. Johnstone was appointed to
superintend tlie work.
From c.  Mclunes,  for compensation
for clearing four trees oil' the town line.
Referred to Coun. Simonds for report.
From J. A. Hawkins, P.L.S., soliciting
tlie Council's patronage. Received and
filed.
Potition from J. M. Drummond, ct al.
for a lock-up.    Laid over for six months.
The answers received to the circulars
re incorporation of 3._ mile belt were:
For, 178; against, 77, and 7 returned unmarked. On motion it was resolved to
tako steps to incorporate within the
limits of the Municipality all that piece
of land between the southern boundary
of Langley Municipality and the 49th
parallel, and Clerk was instructed to
advertise tho application.
Clerk was instructed to communicate
with Messrs. Harris & McNeil, ro Campbell road.
The Statute Labor and Tax Sale By-
Laws wero reconsidered and finally
passed.
Petitions from P. Bel largo and D.
McKay were referred to Coun. Cornoek
for report.
Coun. Cornoek reported having let tho
appropriation on East Langley school
road by auction as follows: A. Morrison,
813.30; A. C. Campbell, $8; H. Harris,
$3.70; and W. Forman, SI.50.
Coun. Morrison reported tho following
contracts finished and recommended payment of same: F. White, contracts Ward
1, S135 and S0.75; J. Smith, corduroy
Trunk road, Wards 1 & 3, S40.05.
Coun. Johnstone was instructed to havr
river bank near Hossack's protected by
brush beforo high water.
Coun. Blair tendered his resignation
and expressed his regret at so doing, but
having been offered a good situation in
the upp<>v country, ho hoped the Council
would consider it favorably. Resignation accepted and returning officer
ordered to proceed with election to fill
the vacancy.
Clerk was instructed to petition Government to open town line from Langley, through Surrey and Langley to
Yale road.
The following accounts were received
and ordered paid: F. White, $31.75; J.
Smith. S40.05: J. Latimer, St.50; R. McBride, 82.50, and F. White, $0.
Council then adjourned until first Saturday In April.
DELTA COUNCIL.
Council met. Present���The Reove and
full board.
Tho minutes of last meeting were
adopted as read.
The communication from Messrs. Eck-
steiu & Gayuor re Mr. Pybus's road was
received and filed.
Mr. T. IS. Ladner's communication ro
work done 011 the Green road was recoived and Hied.
The report of ex-Conn. Patersou re Mr.
E. Goody's contract for hauling gravel
on tlie Goudy road was received and a
committee consisting of Coun. Arthur,
McKee and McClosky empowered to
settle with Mr. E. Goudy and to report
at next meeting.
Tlie petition of S. Dove  and others re
road along the river bank was   laid over
; till the appropriations are made.
The Clerk was appointed to act as
assessor for the year 1804.
The following bills were ordered paid:
j Mrs. Clausen, $4; T. McNoely, 816.36;
I C. F. Green, 810; Grant A Kerr, 8462.30,
The tender of the Delta Saw Mill Co.
j for supplying tiie Council witli lumber at
$7.35 was accepted.
The tender of Mr. A. McHlaue for put-
; Ing iu a flood-gate near McDonald's
I bridge was accepted, contract price,
! $30.
The Iteo.ve was empowered to have the
j 18-ft.  plank  road on  the  Main Trunk
road resplked where  necessary,  and  to
have the planking completed  from the
! west end of Trunk Road bridgo 10 pre-
1 sent planking,
Several ISy-laws were read a third
1 time.
The delinquent tan list for 18(1:1 was
presented by the collector and the eol-
1 lector was Instructed to collect all delinquent luxes wllh 7 per cent, as provided for by clauses S03 & soa Municipal
Act 1803, and its amendments.
The Reeve and Couns. Arthur and
McKee were appointed a committee to
draft proposed amendments to the Municipal Act for 1804.
The Council then adjourned till Kntur-
1 day, Hltli inst., at 3 p.m.
Ladners, nth March, 1804.
A lady at Moose Jaw, wrote the following to her sister-in-law at Violet
Hall: "Our house is banked 18 ft. thick
witli snow and ice. We have 10 stoves
going, and 120 tons of coal in tho shed.
Thore is enough water in the cellar to do
us until spring.     We have overcoats on
I all the cattle, and 1 am   bttisy   knitting
I socks and mitts, for tho geese and ducks.
I Ills only 00 degrees below zero,' but
when the cold snap sets in, wcantlcipitn
j a need  of  more clothing.''���Oxford  Tri-
. bum:
Another Railway.
Prom Thursday's Colonist.
Two gentlemen who are identified witli
a company proposing to run a railway
lino from Blaine, Washington, to connect witli the three big transcontinental
roads were in town yesterday for tho
purpose of interesting Victorians in supli-
menting tlie project with a line of steamers from this port. They are Mr. li. T.
Spencer, late of 0Aurora, Illinois, but
now of Seattle, and Mr. J. M. Weisiling,
a prominent member of the Seattle bar.
The pro; OS It km as explained by theso
gentlemen is this: Their company, the
Blaine & Eastern, has beon chartered
under the law of Washington to build a
railway from deep water at Drayton
harbor, 111 line, east through tlie Nnok-
sack valley tu connect with the Seattle,
Lake Shore ,v- Eastern al. a point twenty-
two miles from Hlnin.', probably near
Sumas city. This would give direct connection with the C. P. R. and Northern
Pacific by moans of the Lake Shore ,t
Eastern, whilo the Great Northern already passes through Blaine. Satisfactory traffic arrangements have already
i been made with the Northern Pacific for
running a through train from Seattle to
Blaine over the new line. Mr. Weisiling
claims that the proposed connection with
theC. P. R. would shorten the distance
from Vicroria by forty-five miles, via tho
Victoria & Sidney railway. The object
of the present visit is to not ask for any
financial aid to tho proposed road, but
that Victoria should give steamer connection with ISIaino, oither by tho same
steamers as would connect the Victoria
& Sidney with the proposed Delta railway, which will touch the Mainland
some twelve miles east of Hlaine, or by a
seperate line.
"All wo want from Victoria is the
steamer connection between Blaine and
the Victoria aud Sidney terminus," said
Mr. Weistling. "We don't caie how,
exeopt that the steamers should bo swift."
A numbor of gentlemen connected with
the Victoria and Sidney railway and
others wore interviewed yesterday by
the Seattle mon, who express themselves
as well pleased with the result of their
visit. They argue that tho new connection would benefit Victoria by giving
greater competition for traffic to and
from this port. Drayton harbor has
good accomodation for vessels and extends on both sides of tho boundary line.
Itosebery Premier.
Loudon, March 5.���The offices occupied
by Mr. Gladstone as Premier were formally taken possession of by Lord Rose-
bcry this afternoon. The new Premier
was cordially greeted by the retiring
Prime Minister upon his arrival at the
rooms in the official residence in Downing street.
Tho Duke of Devonshire, In the course
of his speech at Yeoville, this evening,
reftrring to Mr. Gladstone's retirement,
said that it was a source of groat satisfaction that, in spite of liis age and infirmity, Mr. Gladstone had not outstayed
his parliamentary reputation. The image presented by Mr. Gladstone would
never be impaired; his picture would
never bo effaced. He had passed from
tho scene in the plentitudo of his
strength and greatness, and neither for
good nor for evil could his place be filled.
Uo had loft to his sucessors a legacy of
unsettled questions. One of these questions was Home Rule, which would hang
as a mill-stone around the neck of his
party for many years. Iu his last speech
he had iraposod a new burden upon his
party���the quarrel with the House of
Lords. The only real ground for the
quarrel with the Lords was the rejection
of the Home Rule bill. The other
grounds alleged were absurd and the
Earl of Rosebcry would not take them.
If the Government would be inclined to
hang up Home Rule, continued the
speaker, the Liberal-Unionists would be
in no hurry to displace them. Itnt
the Liberal-Unionists would be uncompromising in thoir opposition to Homo
Rule, especially If tho Govornment attempted to pass a gerrymandering registration bill; otherwise tbey contemplated
no factious opposition to Lord Roso-
bery, who there was no reason to believe,
was indifferent to tlie interests, honor
and greatness of England at homo and
abroad.
PROVINCIAL.
The Crontn  Murder.
Chicago, Marcli 8.���After a trial occupying four  months, making the  longest
criminal case in the criminal annals of
America, and with 0110 exception iu the
world, and   involving an   expenditure of
$1011,00(1, the case of the people of  Illinois  against  Daniel  Coughlin, charged
with complicity in  the murder of Dr. P.
I 11. Cronlll, was  argued  hy counsel  yes-
1 terday afternoon.    To-night Coughlin is
I a free man.    For the first time since the
morning of May 8Stu, 1880, whon be wus
��� stripped of his detective's star, and placed under arrest by order of .Mayor Cre-
; gier. he enjoys the precious boon of per-
| tonal liberty.    OlIOO convicted of murder
I ami conspiracy and consigned by   the
verdict of the  jury   to the   penitentiary
for the term of Ills natural life : granted
! a new trial by tlie Supreme Conn as the
result of errors In Hie   previous procood-
j lugs :   brought  hack   from  Jollot  after
j three years of Incarceration, a lury of
his peers tli is  afternoon declared, as Ihe
! outcome of a second trial that has occu-
' pied four mouths and four days, that lie
had neither part nor parcel in tho assassination of Dr. Patrick Henry Cronln.
' And with this verdict tbo curtain is rung
I down, so far as the courts of Cook county are concerned, upon top of one of tlie
I most celebrated crimes  lu the history of
the Republic.
The supporters of tho Government in
the Norl.li Nanaimo district have organized. A. Sharp, underground manager of
the Wellington collier, was elected president of the association, and W. Russell,
paymaster of tho colliery comp iny, secretary. No steps have been taken towards
organization in the South district as yot,
but It is understood that Mr. R. Gibson
will be the Government candidate
Mr. Jos. Couture, tho owner of the
Manor Houso and other prooerty in
Vancouvor, died in Montreal recently.
The Westminster Fishing Co. shipped
\ eighteen tons of halibut to Seattle, Port-
j land a:id San Francisco on Thursday.
A Scandinavian named Olson has beon
1 brought into Victoria suffering from a
I crushed log, caused by tho fall of a tree
I at Somenos.
The Chilliwack divorce, suit of Suiiip-
1 son vs. Sampson and Lumsden, lias been
I sot aside on motion by tlie Supreme
j Court, ou tho ground of Irregularity, A
I new suit will be entered Immediately.
Steamer Mermaid, whioh bas boen tied
up at Nanalmo for several weeks past,
is to be taken to   Vancouver  and   their
soli! to the highest bidder to satisfy the
claims of the crew and other liabilities.
A ''Citizen," writing to the "Colonist,''
suggests the establishment of a tannery
j at Victoria.     Being confident it would
I pay well, he offers   to  subscribe Si.000
Inwards any  company   formed   for   the
purpose.
A meeting of tlie Temperance societies
was held at Nanaimo on Tuesday, when
it was decided to submit a series of resolutions to the candidates at tlie forthcoming Provincial elections, the Temperance
party pledging to support whoever will
agree to their platform.
N. K. Connolly, who with Thomas McGreevy, was recently released from jail,
where lie was serving a term for defrauding tho Government, has been reelected President of the Richolieu and
Ontario Navigation Company, his brother retiring in his favor.
Tho Nanaimo Telegram says, "The
city Is unusually quiet at prosent, not
to say dull. A chicken dispute would be
looked upon as an event of Importance
If one was to happen, but even tho
chickens appear to bo bound over to
keep tho poace. Tho city is in a highly
moral state, but, oh ! it is dull."
San Francisco, March 8.���Tho weather
bureau received information to-day that
a violent southerly storm was raging
off the mouth of tho Columbia River.
Early this morning the wind was blowing 73 miles an hour and it had been
as high as 84, which is the greatest
recorded this season on the Pacific
Coast.
Walter Boale, a Glena Island rancher,
was brought to Nanaimo ou Thursday,
suffering from a severe gun shot wound
in tho left leg. The accident occurred
whilo out coon hunting with D. Sylvia.
The latter's gun went off accidentally,
and tho contents lodged in the floshy
part of Beale's leg. Beale will bo laid up
for several weeks.
The death occurred in Victoria a fow
days ago of Mr. Joseph Dewsnap, a
veteran resident of Victoria, and for the
past quarter of a century tho cky street
foreman. The deceased was a native of
Glossop, Derbyshire, and 04 years of age;
his fatal illness, pneumonia, did not extend over more than four days, and the
news of liis demise will thereforoeomeas
a sad surprise to many friends.
The assignees of Green, Worlock &
Co. are working night and day in
straigtening out the affairs of the defunct bank, and hope to present a statement of tho assets and liabilities to the
creditors by the end of tho weok. At
prosent all connected with tho bank are
busy ; Mr. Worlock was sufficiently recovered iu health yesterday to come
down town and lend his assistance. Collections are being made, tlie settlement
of overdrafts arranged and all else dono
tnat can be to realize tho fullest possible
amount out of the available assets.
This, tlie assignees say, is all that thoy
have to announce at present.
At Nanaimo, what is termed the Wor-
kingman's Platform for tho Provincial
elections, has been introduced to the
Reform club. Its planks number fifteen,
and include Woman's Suffrage; purchase
of E. it N. R. lands; tlie extension of the
railroad to Comox district by tho Government; that no more laud be granted to
railroads as a bonus; that no land bo
granted to any person or corporation free
of taxation; increased taxation of unoccupied lands; repeal of mortgage tax;
eight-hour on Government contracts;
non-employment of Chinese or Japanese
on Government work; that the employment of Chinese or Japanese In any
capacity be prohibited in any charter
granted by the Government; regulation
of underground workers; stricter enforcement of the liquor act; Government
control of school matters; repeal of the
S^oo doposit by legislative candidates;
prohibition of Imported foreign contract
Itl hor.
Colonist:   Though tho laws In regard
to the use of Her Majesty's mails for
swindling the nubile are especially severe, yet the country Is novorqulto clear
of sharpers who work their In tic schemes
and are away before the tJ'UO nature ol
their Operations Is discovered, Several
such have been recently located In Victoria, hut they du not call lor their Voluminous mall any more and thoir identity
remains undiscovered. One person with
whom the poslollioo authorities would
like lo become   acquainted advertised lu
the Montreal star, giving the addross of
"Barton,  P. o. Box :ts? Victoria," and
stating that lie wanted to adopt a natural child, and   would provide  for it at its
majority by  dividing  his  property with
j it.     Strann!  as  it  may  seem scores of
people answered  the advertisement, all
anxious apparently lo part with their
thoir   little   ones   for   the   prospective
, wealth.    The postoflice clerks noticed
j that Barton  rocelved  many letters, but
, did not surmise their contents until a
[Mrs.  Coiield,  of   Montreal,   announced
that she had corresponded with Barton,
and at his request had sent him $5 as a
guarantee of good faith.    She has received  no further communication from
him,   and   assistant-postmaster   Cairns
says that Barton has not callod for tho
mall In Box 387 In two months past. NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, JO, 1894.
Job Printing.
PEESS  INTERVIEWING.
HOW PROMINENT CANADIAN PUBLIC
--   MEN RECEIVE  REPORTERS.
This Department of the
PACIFIC CANADIAN
Is one of the:
MOST    COMPLETE
In the Province.    The presses are good and the type modern,
with no end of variety.
Commercial    Printing
Is exactly in our line, and we can turn out
Bill Heads,
Letter Heads,
Note Heads,
Memo Heads,
Circulars,
And every thing in that line in a way that will give satisfaction
to our patrons.
Posters,
Hand-Bills,
Dodgers,
Books,
Pamphlets,
Fly Sheets;
JFvery thing in short in the line of Job   Printing is  welcome
grist to our mill.
We Charge the Prices Current in  the   City, and
Guarantee to give Satisfaction.
R. A. F. MOORE,
Job Printer.
| The Han of Intellect ii Alway. Gentlemanly, Hut the Cad I. Always tlie llane
of the Reporter'. Life���A Request for an
Interview is a Weight]. Compliment.
' 'When you want anything go straight
to the fountain head. Don't ever make
a request on a matter of importance to
an underling,"
These words were addressed to me
several years ago by a oity editor
who knew his business. I have interviewed a goodly number of men since
and have come to the conclusion that
his advice wae sound.
I have found that in most instances
where an interview is requested from
a man who has but recently sprang
into prominence, or where he holds a
subordinate position, or where ho is
ignorant, it is extremely difficult to
accomplish vour objeot. In the first
instance the individual is so full of hiB
own importance that he usually considers that it would be beneath his dignity to grant an interview. In tho
second caso ho may be quite in sympathy with you, but afraid of saying
anything which might not accord witli
the views of his chief, and in the last
instance you are likely to lind the subject no suspicions that yon are attempting to take advantage of him that your
real object, namely, ro secure his opinion, will be frustrated.
The thorough' well educated gentleman in any walk of lifo is tlie ideal sub
jeot fur an interview. He is easy of access, in case you have good grounds for
meeting him; he believes yon honest until such timo as you havo given him
causo to think otherwise; ho listens to
you, and immediately grants you the interview, or refuses, stating his reasons,
and he always treats you with the utmost courtesy. There are men who,
when asked hy a reporter to grant an interview, appear to think that the granting of the request places both the reporter and the journal he represents under a great obligation to him, forgetting
all the while that he has been paid a
great compliment, inasmuch as the
newspaper offers to publish his views to
the world at the sacrifice of other Important items of news.
Courteous Wilfrid Laarier.
Perhaps the most pleasing duty to
which I was ever assigned, in the interviewing line, was that which secured me an introduction to Hon.
Wilfrid Laurier. I was detailed to ask
him a series of questions bearing
upon the policy of the Reform party.
I found him at the house of a friend
in Toronto and made known my mission. I was at once admitted to the
presence of the great leader of the
Reform party. He was sitting alone
in the library writing. Immediately I
entered the room he arose and extended
his hand in friendly greeting.
"Are you visiting me as Koko, my
young friend, or as an Empire reporter?" he said, as he graciously motioned
me to a chair.
I replied that I approached him in
a dual capacity. He laughed and
thoroughly appreciated the situation,
then he replied:
"I am most pleased to see you as Koko, but sinco I have nothing at the
present time to say to thepublicthrougn
the public prints, I must refuse to meet
the reporter."
Then he began to talk about the very
subjects I had been detailed to interview
liim upon in sueh a manner as to rivet
my attention. I had heard liim many
times in tne House and l.a 1 admired the
brilliancy of his oratory, l.r.t never before had I found myself under ti:e inn
;:ic spell of his overpowering personality, lie was frank, plausible, aud np-
pnrontlyconlidentinl. When he touched
upon a particular subject, at that time
exercising the publio mind, his eyes became brilliant, his face flushed and his
voice became particularly clear and
musical. Whon I rose to depart he
again shook hands and requested *me to
call upon him at Ottawa, but did not
caution me not to publish the conversation just passed. I failed in my object.
I did uot secure an interview for my
paper, but I gained a sincere respect for
the man.
Sir John Macdonald,
Sir John A. Macdonald was an interviewer's delight. He would meet
yuu at all times even though he was
���and he always was���pressed with
business of importance. He never seemed in a hurry. The reporters wero always welcome, whether on a Conservative or Reform paper. He would
usually beirin by speaking about some
important incident of tin- day. After
you had stated the object of your
visit he would reply at once and" say
whether or nol he would grant the interview for publication. I know of cases
where he would grant the interview,
but request that it should not bo published before a certain date in the
future, lie always seemed interested
in young men. I never met him but
what he enquired as to my health, how
1 was getting along, how the different!
members of my family were, and always
concluded with a word of encourage-
ment
Patient Sir Oliver.
Sir Oliver Mowat has the roputation
of being a dyed in the-wool Tory.    Hois
considered by many who know liim in
timately to be one of the most consorva
live of men, and yet in   the  matter cf
graining nu interview he is perhaps one
of tlie most accessible  in  Canada,   1
havo nover yet left him  after an interview   without   a   feeling   that the [ire
dominant feature of bin nature is kind
ii,-ss     If   lie  grants un   interview   for
publication--which  in rare in tlie case ;
of Conservative  journals���he  does not
begin by giving oluboratu instructions. ;
He i lya what   he   wants   to and trusts
implicitly  to the  reporter to do him
justice    Ho seldom refuses point blank
to grant an Interview,   but lias an ex  i
nspi rating habit of telling you alter you
have had your interview that
"Of course 1 have not said a word for
publication."
I have observed  him keonly  during
the session, when   he  almost "daily ro- !
celves deputations   soliciting  Govern-
monl aid for various projects.   No mat- i
ter how long the spokesman talks, or no
matter what twaddle he may   omit, the :
Attorhoy-General   appears   interested,
and never for a moment allows the mi- !
pression that he is bored lo circulate.
His usual answer is simply, "We will !
take the matter into our serious con- j
sidonitiuii," and usually tiiat is the last
hoard of tho affair. There aro times, j
howevor, when he evinces great interest '
in what is said, and while he is always
guarded in his replies, 1 have known
him to say off-hand that be was much
mpressed and that aid would be granted
to this or that scheme under consideration.
The Premier's Style.
Sir John Thompson has the power to
put his ideas into fewer words than any
other man I know. Ho wastes no time
on formalities. If you have business
witii him he will see you, uo matter
what paper you represent. He does not
make tish of one aud flesh of another.
You are expected to state as briefly as
possible your business, and on the instant you will receive your reply.
Like all men of powerful minds he seams
to have thought out beforehand any
question you might chance to ask fliui.
He takps your word every time, but
somehow you leave him with the impression that it would a terrible mistake
to ever deceive him. He usually stands
during an interview. Invariably he
shakes hands before you begin. He asks
no questions. After you v have stated
your case he gives you"your answer, and
in most cases asks you to repeat your
notes that lie may be sure that vou have
correctly caught his idea. That ia all.
He bids you a pleasant good-day, and is
ready for the next of many callers.
A Pleasant Man is Mr. Meredith.
Air. W. R. Meredith is a man who
puts heart into a reporter the moment
he shakes hands. He inspires yon at
once with the idea that ho is a noble
gentleman, who thoroughly understands
your anxiety nnd intends doing all lie
can to assist you. If he has anything to
say lie talks freely, and pays you tho
compliment of forgetting to caution you
to be suro and publish his exact words.
If he has nothing to say he will treat
you kindly, and usually "talks for a few
moments on somo topic of the day.
The press men in the gallery, whether
on Conservative or ltefoim journals, all
admire hiui as a man and make special
efforts to see that he is correctly reported.
About the hardest men to intorview
are railway officials, especially after an
accident. None of them know anything,
won't know anything, and try, so far
as in their power, to prevent you
knowing anything about the affair.
They don't appear to be able
to grasp the idea that all the
partieulms are bound to come out, and
that the very fact that they refuse to
give them stimulates the reporter to increased effort. In many cases the railroad officials could, by giving the facts
to the reporters, save themselves and the
newspapers a great deal of trouble and
annoyance. In every railway accident,
where any people are injured, their
friends or relatives are anxious to obtain
particulars. In cases where the officials
refuse to give them, very often the reporters, who are anxious to obtain facts,
only secure data of an erroneous character from outsiders, and,' as a conee-
seunence, a great deal of annoyance
ensues.
The chief requisite in a successful interviewer is a thorough knowledge of his
subject before he approaches the person
from whom he desires to draw opinions.���Koko, in The Empire.
Ti'heu tlie Queen Whh Young.
The marriage'of Queen Victoria, then
only 20 vearsof age, to Prince Albert of
Saxe-Gothu was, it is well known, a
veritable luve match, but for some years
the royal lady found some difficulty in
reconciling her sense of dignity and lier
wifely nit. c-fcion. The story goes that
one duy, niter a little disagreement, lier
Majesty having express..I herself in
rattier a despotic tone, the Prince, whose
manly'self-respect was smarting at her
words, sought the seclusion of liis own
apartments, closing and locking the
door after him.
in about live minutes someone knocked at his doer.
"Who is it;" inquired the Prince.
"It is I. Open to the Queen of England!" haughtily responded Hor Majesty.
There was no reply. After a long interval there came a gentle tapping aud
the low spoken words:
"It is I. Victoria, your wife!"
And then the door was opened, and
the young bride was clasped in her husband's arms.
Tiie Pretty Widows.
The black-eyed widow looked unusually meditative, and one of the other
widows offered her a penny for her
thoughts.
"i was pondering," Bhe said, "a remark that a bachelor made to me this
morning, and wondering whether to accept it as consolatory or the contrary."
"What wns the remark'/" asked the
other widows with oue voice. "Well,"
the black oyed widow continued, "a
theatre party was ma le up in our house
lust night, mid at breakfast tiio bachelor
asked me why I was uot of it. I replied
that I w.i.s not invited���that J. feared
that I was no longer attractive, and suspected myself to be p,i.-sud.
"1 he bachelor seined my hand respectfully, turned me gently toward the
light, inonected me curiously, and then
exclaimed ia n solemn tone. "Madam,
go upstairs and thank your maker!"
"The horrid thing!" cried all the other |
widows iu a breath    "What  on earth
did he liienuV"
OUK PUELIC MEETINGS.
DR. BOUHINOT,  C.M.G.,  TELLS  HOW
THEY SHOULD BE CONDUCTED.
Gliitlstone's   lirst Speech.
Mr. Labouohere baa come into possession of a photograph of a sketch of Mr.
Gladstone making his iirst great speech
in the House of Commons in 1838.    The 1
sketch, which is said to have been drawn !
at tho time, represents Mr.   Gladstone, !
then a member for Newark, speaking j
from th" front bench  below the gang- j
way in the old house   that was burned i
down the next year.   Mr    Gladstone's
vory   lirst   utterance  in  the House   of
Commons was made, not from th.- front ]
bench below   the  gangway,   but from
uuder the gallery, where he was almost
inaudible   to  reporters; and.   curiously I
enough, it was in reply toRigby VVssen,
then im mber for Ipswich, and father of
Mr. Eugene Wilson, who now represents
South Ayrshire as one  of  Mr.   Gladstone's staunohest supporters,
liefove Columbus.
The belief in a Chinese Columbus was
first allowed by scholars only about fifty
years ago. The claim is that a Buddhist
priest in the fifth century crossed tilt
Pacific to thi.5 continent and returned,
making a written reportof his dicovery, ;
The report still exists. It was translated into French in I r:)l by M. doGuig-
nes. It gives a narrative of a voyage
eastward by a priest for 20,000 li, whero
ho found a country which he named
Fusang, People similar to the Indians
were describod, as well as American
plants. The only doubt about tho matter is iih to the distance meant by 20,000
li. Tlie priest may have reached only
some island iu the Pacific Ocean.
England Our Example in Canada���Growth
of Representative Institntlons ��� -Various
Interesting and Instructive Points of
Parliamentary Prooedure Explained.
"The conduct of Public Meetings"
was the title of a recent lecture by Dr.
J. G. Bourinot, C.M.G., a subject of no
little interest in a country like this,
where every man is called upon at some
time or other to act in a public capacity,
and is consequently bound to be conversant more or less with the fundamental principles and rules that should
govern public assemblies of all kinds.
He commenced by saying that this
period of the world's history is noted for
one characteristic above all others���its
inordinate love of talk. It was once
tersely said that "tho wise part of Par-
liament were those who use tho greatest
silence." but those were words of over
three centuries ago, This isthemilen-
ninm of "lawyers, politicians and talkers.
One could wish in these days for a revival of the Pythagorean system, and
tb8 establishment ol a party of silence.
But, as it ia. a country like the Dominion, with its frequent public meetings,
its. free government, its admirable
municipal system, its many Legislative
Assemblies, its ecclesiastical synods,
scientific and literary gatherings, must
be swayed more or less by talk, or, in
Other words, debate.
She anoestors of the English race who
emerged from the forests and marshlands nl ( on-many and Denmark had always the right of discussing lu publio
assemblies the questions of the day. In
these days, however, instead of a clashing of spears, as in the old Teutonic
meetings of which Tacitus wrote, we
have a constant clashing of tongues.
These old public meetings were directed
by dukes or heretogas, who were called
ealdormen. from whom have tionie down
to these prosaic times the well-known
and often abused designation of alderman. In the filtration of centuries tlie
name has undergone a considerable
modification, but nevertheless he was
quite sure the modern inheritors of the
name can certainly make us more comfortable than could the ealdormen
of other days, when there were water
works, sidewalks, street paving, or
suburban improvements to represent an
overweening civic ambition, and those
necessities of our civic life which help
to make municipal taxation so light and
bearable.
Common Law of Parliament,
Dr. Bourinot then went on to say that
all meetings, from the simple primary,
ward, village, town and oity assembly,
to the complicated session of Parliament,
are more or less eoverned by the leading principles of the common law of
Parliament���that system of rules and
conventions which has been adapted
from the elaborate system of the English prototype of all Legislative Assemblies, and established by usage and
prescription in this country to meet existing conditions. As a matter of fact,
the differences of law and procedure nre
relatively few���the method ot putting
motions and amendments thereto being
one of those differences; but where they
do exist ihey should necessarily govern
all assemblies in Canada that have a
permanent code of rules or by-laws of
order and debate for their guidance.
The lecturer then gave an interesting
historical sketch of the first meetings of
Canadian Parliaments at Quebec and
Newark a century ago, when was laid
the basis of the rules of order and procedure that govern all public assemblies
in the Dominion. The first Parliament
of Lower Canada met in the chapel of
an old stone building at Quebec, generally known as the Intendant's palace,
and overlooking a noble prospect of
mountain, river and plain. The little
Parliament of Upper Canada assembled
in a small frame building, a short distance from the humble village of Newark (Niagara), below which rushed the
dark river, seeking rest in the bosom of
the great lake not far beyond. From
that day to this the same principle has
guided the Legislative Assemblies of
Canada, to conform as nearly as practicable to the parliamentary regulations
of the parent stale. Now, when an
Englishman, familiar with the Imperial
Commons, looks down for the first time
on the Canadian Houses, he will at once
recognize the fact that he is in the
presence of an assembly whero the most
essential British forms and UBages are
still observed.
Public Medics in Canada.
Dr. Bourinot then left the historic
phase of his subject, and proceeded to
state briefly the leading principles and
rnlea that should govern public bodies
in Canada. Every assembly, has necessarily its special rules adapted to its
peculiar organization, but each and all
Bhould be, and are in fact, governed by
those old rules of Parliament which
regulate debate, the making aud pulling
questions, the introduction and passing
of bills, the procedure of Committees of
the Whole und of select committees,
and, in short, such other proceedings as
are well calculated to ensure calm
deliberation, full discussion nnd sound
legislation. Firmness, courtesy, tact,
impartiality, and willingness to give
every ono nn opportunity to express
himself on the subject under consideration, are the essential qualities of a
chairman. He should occupy an entire
ly independent position, and'should take
no active part in debate in ordinary
public meetings; and the limitation of
the chairman to a single vote, given
only when an equality of votes occurs,
is ihe most expedient course. In board,
business and society meetings, however,
it is necessary lie should Be entrusted
with the gi'in-ral conduct of affairs, and
the explanation of measures and questions affecting the body, but in the case
of largo assemblies, callod for public
purposes, this arrangement is wholly
inapplicable, as the antagonistic responsibilities that attach to the leader
ol the debate cannot, even under the
most favorable circumstances, be united
without risk.
The Previous Question,
With respect to the " previous question," that rarely intelligible motion,
Dr. Bourinot explained that the misapprehension that so often arises as to its
proper use and necessary consequence
has arisen from confusing the rules of
Legislative Assemblies of the United
States with tho common parliamentary
law of Canada, alone applicable in this
country. The motion iu the United
States is not debatable and must be
"put" at once; in other words, it means
the closure. In Canada it shuts off
amendment, but not debate. On the
contrary, the debate  goes on aa before
under our general Parliamentary law,
aim it is only when the meeting proceeds to give a final decision that tiip
effects of the previous question is at
once felt. If the meeting decido by a
majority vcte that "the question be now
put," then a vote must be immediately
taken ou the original question; or. if tho
meeting negative the motion that "the
question be now put," then no vote can
be taken at all on the original motion,
sinco the house has decided that the
queBtiou shall not now be put; in other
words, it is practically effaced or superseded for the time being. If there is to
be a debate when the previous question
is proposed, the rule of au assembly
must bo specifically state. In the
absence of this or other definite rule of
close, the law of Parliament must prevail. As respocts "reconsideration" of
a question already decided, if an assembly has no special rule on the subject, then a motion to reconsider must
be regarded in tho same light as any
other motion and as subject to no other
rules. For that reason he urged a definite rule on tbe subject i.i every society
or assembly. Questions were constantly
arising in thie country on account of
assemblies confusing' United States
methods of procedure with the common
law and usages of Parliament. He
would, therefore, emphatically impress
this principle on his audience:���Unless
the rules of an assembly are made clear
In every particular, and thore is a reference in all cases of doubt to recognized
United States authorities, all such
dilatory and subsidiary motions as the
previous question, to adjourn, to lay on
the table and to postpone, can only lie
subjeot to the rules that govern all
motions in Canadian Parliamentary
procedure and to no othor.
Divisions of the Subject.
The lecturer then proceeded to explain
succinctly the following divisions of his
subject:���
1. How presiding officers are chosen.
2. Order of business, i
3. Notices of motions and proceedings.
i. Minutes of proceedings.
5. Proposal of motions.
fi. How   motions,   and amendments
thereto, are put.
7. How the sense of an assembly is
taken.
8. Debate of a motion or question.
9. The previous question.
10. Relevancy of debate.
11. Committees of the whole, and
select committees.
12. Reconsideration of a question.
13. Dilatory motions���to adjourn, to
lay on the table, to postpone, etc.
Business Habits of Englishmen.
In drawing to a conclusion the lecturer drew attention to the fact that all
the leading rules which govern public
assemblies in Canada are the result of
the business habits of Englishmen and
their descendants, as well as of their
love for free discussion. They illustrate,
like the English constitution,
"The (dear and written law���the deep-
tro 1 footmarks
Of ancient custom."
Laxity of procedure is antagonistic to
the successful prosecution of business.
Every rule is intended to give an opportunity for due deliberation, to ensure
relevancy of debate and prevent anyone
being surprised by the sudden consideration of an important public tmer.tiou.
Hut if asked what is essentially the
most, important proceeding in legislative
assemhlie*. he would reply:���Under our
system of party, which, with all its inherent defects, appears the only practical and workable method of reaching
defiuito results in governing a' State,
the most important proceeding in a
House of Commons is when the Speaker
orders the "yeas" and "nays" and the
division hells, set jangling sharp and
clear by r'le electric spark, summon the
members tq take their places aud vote���
the climax of all debate. Tills division
is the logical sequenco of all discussion
iu and out of Parliament. It is to make
these bells ring that political panies
combine to meet in conflict. Party government means a vote on the floor of tho
Commons House. All rules of procedure, all political organizations, have
their real significance when the bells
ring in the lobbies of the people's House,
where Governments rise and fall.
Dangers to be Avolilod.
But divisions are taken to no purpose,
votes are thrown away, rules of procedure are valueless, if peoples and Parliaments aro not governed by discretion,
justice and patriotism. Our system of
government���its executive, administrative and legislative methods���has all tho
essential elements of strength when
worked in this spirit of discretion. Under no other system would it be possible
to harmonize the antagonistic elements
of race, religion and language which
exist in Canada. One great danger
must be always avoided, aud that is,
the sectarianism which represents the
bigotry of past ages of religious feuds,
and means not simply divisions in political parties, but national disintegration.
In studying the form do not let us forget the substance. No constitutional
ruloB, no mere forms of procodnre, can
of themselves make a people happy and
great, unless their rulers recognize in
the fullest sense their obligations to the
State, and exercise their power with
discretion, and endeavor to elevate pub-
lie opinion. The machinery of the moat
admirable constitution that men can
frame from tho experience of the world's
history may be relatively worthless,
while the large powers and responsibilities that are entrusted to the governing
bodies���powers and responsibilities
never embodied in acts of Parliament-
are forgotten in view of party triumph,
personal ambition or pecuniary gain.
(UettnluuN  of Ihe   Itt-ngal  Census.
The report of the late censuB in Bengal, which has just been published, upsets several beliefs which hitherto have
found general acceptance. For in-
stance, it proves that the- natives, instead of being averse to leaving their
ancestral villages, aro steadily moving
from more densely peopled areas to
thoso where the population is less crowded ; also that widow remarriage is practically universal in Behar, Orissa,
Chota-Nugpore, and among the lower
castes of Bengal proper, and is unknown
only among a very fow high castes
everywhere aud the moro respectable
Soudras of Bengal proper. This report
also states that infant marriage does not
exist to any appreciable extent except
in north-east Behar and among the
Brahmins, ICayasths, and other purely
Soudra castes of western Bengal. It
also shows the great progress for
Mohammedanism, which has increased
more thun 9 per cent, in Bengal proper
in the last decade, while the increase of
Hinduism is less thau 0 per cent. This
fact is explained to be due to the desire
on the part of the lower castes to adopt
a religion which treats all men aa
equals. 3i03
NEW   WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 10, 1894.
JHE  LEGISLATURE.
Synopsis of Proceedings,
Thursday, March 1.
At 2 p.m. Mr. Martin took tho chair,
| on motion of Hon. Mr.  Davie, seconded
by Hon. Mr. Beaven, the Premier having
explained that tho Speaker could not he
present until late in the afternoon.
Dr. Watt moved: "That a select coiu-
' mittee, consisting of Messrs.Booth,CroTt, !
| Brown,  Foster and the mover,  bo ap- ���
pointed to tako into  consideration  the j
subject of the settlement of tho lJrovin- j
cial lands on  the   sitiglo   tax   or other
equitable system of permanent but not:
freehold tenure, without taxation of im- j
provements, in order to the encouragement of the settlement  of   sueh  lands,
and to roport to tho   House,   with  anv
I recommendations as to legislation which
Bhall tend to the more rapid  occupation
and tillage of the agricultural land of
| the Province."   The mover said  he did
not propose to open the proposition now, ;
as he thought tlie best  time  for  such a
I discussion would be when the committee
j suggested brings in its report.
Mr. Semlin said that while he did not
wish to oppose the resolution, he could
not see how the proposition of the single
tax would settle the lands of British Columbia.
Mr. Brown seconded the resolution,but
said he would not discuss  the principle
i now, as he agreed that the  proper timo I
will be when the report  from  the com-1
I mittee comes hefore the Mouse.
Mr. Booth said   he  could   not see the
utility of the motion, and  would   like to ���
be convinced of this before he consented
I to serve on the committee.     He thought j
| the best, way to encourage settlement is j
to give settlers a titlo to their land.
Mr. Foster said that the place to discuss the single tux Is not in this House,
which as had been said before is not a
Debating society. He thought the committee should be appointed, because if it
could lind any beneficial scheme it would
do some good.
Hon. Mr. Davie declared he was ��ot
prepared either to assert or deny that
the single tax is an equitable system,
I and that no argument has been presented
by any of those who had spoken on this
resolution which would help in arriving
at a conclusion. Tho mover and also
those who opposed the resolution refused
to discuss the question, and steered clear
of the only ground upon which the resolution should be supported, which was
the declaration made In it that single
tax is a just method of taxation. Until
the House was prepared to affirm that,
the resolution could not be passed. He
was not prepared to pronounce an opinion at this moment, and until convinced
by the argument of the hon. gentlemen
favoring the resolution, or otherwise, he
could not commit himself.
Mr. Anderson said anything which
would help to settle tho land would have
his support, but his idea would be to
group the settlers as the best way of
bringing this about. As the law now
stands anv head of a family, or man
over 18 years of age, can pre-empt up to
160 acres of land, but the great difficulty
is that the settler is put to so much
trouble and oxpenso to find the land.
He thought better meansof aecessshnuld
be provided, and that it would be a good
idea to help the settler to clear a small
portion so that he could grow the first
season enough for his subsistence.
Mr. Keith thought it would be a good
idea to appoint the committee so that
they could present their views in a con-
I else form to the Hou.-e.
Mr. Sword, to meet the objection stated
i by the Attorney-General, moved to strike
I out the word "equitable."'
Hon. Mr. Pooley was of opinion that if
the Houso accepted the resolution It
would thus commit itself to approval of
the.single tax, and that to strike out the
word "equitable" would make no difference. As to the proposition that the
committee should devise some other
scheme, be thought they could not be of
any assistance to tbe House in this
matter. He considered that the homestead act passed a few years ago was
calculated to encourage settlement���
giving as it did freehold rights upon
simple conditions���much more than
would the adoption of the single tax
idea. From what he had read and heard
he had yet to learn that single tax would
be a benefit to this Province, and even
though the word "equitable" were
struck out he would opposo the resolution.
M*. Home pointed out that iu different places where the single tax had been
tried it had proved a perfect failure.
The Speaker (Mr. Martin) ruled the
resolution out of order on grounds stated
as follows: "No private member can
move a resolution or initiate legislation
dealing with Crown lands, or with the
taxation or administration of such lands.
Nor can the House authorize or delegate,
authority to a select committee to inquire
into tlie taxation of and management of
Crown lands with a view to recommending legislation affecting the taxes on or
the administration of such lands, lie
referred the House to May, 10th edition,
pages 538-8i and Speaker's Decisions, 74,
75, 76, 127 and 138."
Mr. Home moved: "That a respectful
address be presented to ills Honor the
Lieutenant-Governor, praying him to
cause to be sent down to this House a
return of all correspondence, papers,
orders lu council, or other representations relating to the necessity of stationing a Supreme Court Judge in tlie city of
Vancouver."
Mr. Watt movod that while this Houso
would welcomo a substantial reduction
In tho import duties on all classes of
goods���not luxuries���consumed but not
manufactured or produced in tho Province, It desires especially to urge on the
Dominion government that machinery
and appliances of all kinds used In tho
reduction of ores or in general mining,
whether or not wholly or In part only
manufactured In tho Dominion, should
bo admitted free of all duty; that His
Honor tho Lieutenant-Governor bo respectfully requested to send a copy of
this resolution to the Hon. Minister of
Finance at Ottawa." The mover showed
that this matter had already been
brought to the attention of tho Houso of
Commons by Mr. Mara, from whoso
speech ho quoted, and he thought the
Houso should back up the efforts already
made.
Mr. Booth moved an  amendment Including agricultural machinery,  in  the
request made for the reduction of duty.
Mr. Hunter did not seo why tho resolution should not include all the industries of the Province.
Mr. Home spoke to the same effect.
Mr. Rogers pointed out that the mining industry Is In a different position to
other industries, being only in its infancy
here, while in other countries where it
has been carried on for a long time the
most improved machinery may he obtained.
Mr. Adams spoke in favor of Mr.
Booth's amendment in the interest of the
agricultural community.
Mr. Croft said he would support the
resolution as proposed, but he did not
think it well to amend it, as it was not
advisable to ask for too many reductions
at once, but after the first had beon got
would be a reason for pressing the
others.
lion. Col. Baker said he would be glad
to seo any Impediments removed from
the channels of trade, but would prefer
the resolution as it stood originally.
Dr. Milne would rather urge upon the
Dominion government a reduction of
duties on all classes of goods.
Hon. Mr. Heaven called attention to
the fact that already this session thore
had been passed a resolution asking for
a modification of this duty, and he
thought the present resolution conflicted
with that already passed, and not in
order.
Dr. Watt reminded the House that ho
had intended to move an amendment to
the resolution spoken of, but had been
advised to withdiuw It and bring in a
substantive resolution later on. He
had therefore moved the resolution of
to-day.
The Speaker (Mr. Martin) said that
while not sure that this was substantially to the same elfeet as the other resolution referred to Oy the leader of the
Opposition, he thought it was, and therefore ruled It out of order.
Mr. Sword moved: "That an order of
the House be granted for a return showing the prices at which tlie trustees for
the sinking funds under the loan acts,
1877 and 1887, bought H. C. inscribed
stock.
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Adams moved: "That whereas
there is a very large area of the Province north of the Canadian Pacific railway with no immediate prospect of railway facilities; and whereas there are
Industries which may be prosecuted profitably without such facilities, vir.,
dairying and hop-raising; therefore bo
it resolved, that it would be most advantageous if practical dairymen and
hop growers could be Induced to come
into that section of the Province to prosecute those industries, and that it Is
desirable that this House appoint a
select committeo to consider this matter,
with the view as above set forth; said
committee to consist of Messrs. Booth,
Anderson, Semlin, Martin and the
movor."
Motion agreed to.
Mr. Sword asked; "Was thero any condition inserted in the contracts for the
construction of the parliament buildings
stipulating a minimum wage for laborers?
If not, why not?
Hon. Mr. Vernon���No such condition
was inserted in tbe contracts referred to.
Hon. Mr. Beaven said with respect, to
tlie Nakusp & Slocan railway bill he
desired certain information with respect
to the distances which is not before the
House.
Hon. Mr. Davio replied that this is
contained in some. of tho additional
papers being brought down which are
now In the hands of the printer.
Mr. Kitchen movod the second reading
of his wide tiro act amendment bill,
which having already been voted down
had on motion been restored to tho
order paper.
Motion lost on division of 10 to 16.
Tho House went into committee, Mr.
Booth in the chair, to consider the message from His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor transmitting a bill for tho
establishment of a library and bureau of
statistics.
The bill was reported to the House,
through Mr. Speaker Higgius who having arrived now took the chair.
Hon. Mr. Davie moved that the Houso
go into committee of the whole on the
message from His Honor the Lieutenant-
Governor transmitting the Nakusp &
Slocan railway bill.
Hon. Mr. Beaven asked that the message should stand over until the other
papers called for are laid before the
House.
Hon. Mr. Davie said there was no objection to allowing the matter to stand
ovor.
The Houso went into committee on the
county courts acts amendment bill, Mr.
Keith in the chair.
The bill was reported with several
amendments proposed by Hon. Mr. Davie.
One of those makes provision whereby
persons who serve as jurymen on county
court cases will bo paid $3 a day, and
thciso who are summoned but not called
upon to sit will be paid $1, the expense
of the juries to be borne by the suitors.
The Attorney-General pointed out that
there is no good reason why tho county
court jurors should be called upon to
servo in the settlement of private disputes at the present inadequate remuneration; and there is also no reason why
thoso calling for these luxuries should
not pav for them.
The Bouse resumed the adjourned debate on the following ruling by Mr.
Speaker Higgles:
"1 rule bill (No. 18) intituled 'An act
to amend tlie coal mines regulation act
and amending act, 1890,'out of order for
the following reasons: First, because It
alms tu Impose indirect taxation, contrary to the provisions of the B, N. A.
Act; and second, because It has boon
decided by tho Supreme Court of the
Province that the power to impose unequal taxation does uot reside with the
1'rovlnclal Legislature. (Soo ruling
January 20, present session.)"
Hon. Mr. Beaven said tho ruling as
now printed brings up another point to
which his attention had not beon attracted whon the subject was last boforo tho
House. Ho referred to tho objection
that tho bill proposes to propose Indirect
taxation, upon which he would havo
liked to make somo remarks.
Hon. Mr. Davio said he could not quite
follow the reasons given for the ruling,
though ho understood the principle upon
which it was based. Tho ground upon
which ho had asked a ruling was that
the bill discriminated against a class,
the princlplo of taxation not being referred to. The bill aimed merely at the
exclusion of Chineso and Japanese, and
the point he took was that the Legislature could not thus discriminate against
any elass, but can only procoed on tho
ground that theso are dangerous persons
and must bo excluded In common with
all others equally dangerous.
Mr. Keith objected that that would bo
another ruling. Ho preferred to keep
the ono now before the House.
Hon. Mr. Davio continued that the
Speaker and somo of the members who
objected to tho bill had evidently been
at cross purposes. He considered the
bill out of order as discriminating against
a class in a manner beyond the authority
of the Legislature, but not on tho
grounds stated In tbe ruling.
Tho Speaker said he had carefully examined the bill and felt perfectly clear
upon it. He considered that tt levied a
tax upon people who employed Chinamen, and that therefore it was out of
order.    This decision he would stand by.
Hon. Mr. Heaven remarked that it is
an extraordinary tiling if when a ruling
is appealed from It turns out to bo an
entirely different thing from what was
supposed.
Mr Keith'said if there is discrimination in this bill thero is also in tlie act
forbidding the employment of Chinese In
certain places, under a penalty, and tho
bill is only a proposed extension of tlie
present act. He. did not think there is
any new principle in it.
Mr. Foster did not considor that tho
bill proposed a discriminating tax any
moro than did many private bills passed
by the House.
Hon. Mr. l'ooleysaid tbat tbe first section of the bill, though ostensibly providing a penalty really imposes a tax,
for under it any porsuu may employ
Chinese on payment of a sum not to exceed
tlie amount stated. There was uo provision for the enforcement of this supposed
penalty by Imprisonment, On full consideration lie therefore thought the
Speaker's ruling quite right.
Dr. Mllue contended that the bill did
not Impose a discriminating tax any
more than do those respecting the pharmacy act and the dentistry act now before tlie Legislature, and which forbid the
employment of certain classes oT persons.
Mr. Croft pointed out that tho argument Is not good because the peoplo
whose employment is prohibited by the
bill under discussion are not called upou
to pass an examination to determine their
qualification.
Mr. Booth said If tho bill had aimed to
exclude all ignorant people he thought It
would have been in order and he would
have voted for it. As it was, In tho faco
of the promise of tho Premier to bring In
a bill dealing with the matter.ho thought
this one should be ruled out.
Hon. Col. Baker held that It had been
already ruled by the Supreme Court of
the Province that any British subject
could employ whatever labor ho pleased.
The question: "Shall the chair bo'sus-
tained?" was decided in the affirmative
oa tho following division:���
Ayos���Messrs. Adams, Anderson, Baker, Booth, Croft, Eberts, Horne.Hunter,
Martin, Pooley, Punch, Rogers, Smith,
Stoddart and Vernon���15.
Nays���Messrs. Boaven, Brown, Cotton,
Davie, Foster, Grant, Keith, Kitchen,
MeKenzie, Milne, Semlin, Sword and
Watt���13.
The Houso adjourned at 5.45.
Friday. March 2.
The Speaker took the chair at 2 p.m.
Mr. Keith moved a resolution to debar
the use of intoxicating liquors about tho
Legislative premises. A lengthy discussion followed, noarlv ail the members
being in favor of tho principle of tho
resolution, though much objection was
made to the manner in which it was introduced. The motion was finally defeated on a division of 14 to 17. Hon.
Mr. Davie then announced that tho Government had that day given direction
to insure that no Intoxicating liquors
should be sold or disposed of in the lunch
room.
Hon. Mr. Vernon moved tho second
reading of the redistribution bill. No
moro important measure, he said, could
come before the Legislative Assembly
than the one that deals with the composition of the Houso. When the Provlnco entered confederation there were
twelve members from the Island and
thirteen from the Mainland division, to
which he must necessarily refer, though
he wished to emphasize the fact that
this bill Is the first effort on tho part of
any Government to bridge over the gulf
between the two divisions. In 1871,
though the population of the Island was
the larger, the representatin was less
than that of the Mainland, for it was
foreseen that it was impossible that the
small portion callod the Island should
always have the excess of population.
Until 1881 thore was no census taken in
British Columbia, and the only way to
arrive at the respective populations was
by the voting lists, and these, up to tho
time tho first census was taken, showod
that for tho first twelve years tiio population of the Island was always In excess
of that of the Mainland. From 1884 to
the present the population of the Mainland has been larger than that of tho
Island, and increasing faster proportionately. In the first fifteen years the representation remained tho same, and
then in 1886 it was increased to 27. In
1890 the constitution was altered to provide for six new members; giving 1(1 for
the Island and 17 for the Mainland. But
in this bill of 1894, for the first time
since confederation, a marked change
has been made In the legislative proportions, which it is now proposed shall bo
14 for the Island and 19 for the Mainland. In dealing with the bill there are
several matters to be taken Into consideration���whether it is population
alone, or area, or community or diversity
of interest, wbicli should ho taken into
consideration. From confederation to
the present time no one of those could bo
said to havo been taken as tho governing factor, and he thought it evident
that this must of necessity havo been
so. If thoy considered population alone
In tho rural districts���like Casslar���It
would be Impossible that all interests
should bo roprosentod. The Govornment had first agreed upon tho princlplo
that tho representation should not bo
Increased In numbor now, whatovcr
might bo tho conclusion in the future,
for he thought that an Increase in numbers would In time bocomo a mattor of
necosslty. Though Manitoba, with
about the samo population has 40
members. It was considered that 33 are
still sufficient here. It was considered
undesirable from every point of view
also that the numbor should bo de
creased. It becamo therefore simply a
matter for consideration how the pre
sont number shall bo redistributed so as
to secure the fairest ropresontation
Thero was not the same difficulty folt
with the citlos as with tho rural con
stitutencies, for it was felt that tho
cities might vory fairly bo represented
according to their population. It was
found that Victoria has 16.800, Van
couvor 13,700, Westminster 6,600, and
Nanainio 4,600. Allowing ono member
for each 4,000 gives Victoria 4 membors,
Vancouver   3,   and   Westminster    and
For  Extra Choice   Fresh
and Prepared Meats
-THY���
GRAY   BROS'
���ON-
COLUMBIA   STREET,
Opposite Reid & Currio's Foundry.
FRESH MEATS
(If all kinds on hand.
A Gall Solicited.
J. HENLEY
Manufacturer of
Mineral Water,
Syrups,
Essences,
Etc., Etc.
Factory in rear of City Brewery.
Cunningham St., New Westminster, B.G.
Tenders for a License to out Timber on
Dominion Lands in the Province
Of Britisli Columbia.
SEALED TENDERS addressed to the
undersigned and marked on tho
envelope "Tender for Timber Berth 126,
to bo opened on tho 19th of February,
1894," will bo received at this Department until noon on Monday, tho 19th
day of ITobruary next, for a license to
cut timber on the North half of Section
24, in the fractional township lying
West of Township 39, In the Dislrict of
New Westminster, In tho said Province,
and containing an area of 274 acres more
or less.
. The regulations undor which a license
will bo issued, may be obtained
at this Department or at the office of
tho Crown Timbor Agent at New Westminster.
Each tender must be accompanied by
an accepted cheque on a chartered Bank
In favour of tho Deputy of tho Minister
of tho Interior, for the amount of tho
bonus which the applicant Is prepared to
pay for a license.
No tender by telegraph will be entertained.
JOHN R. HALL,
Secretary.
Department of the Interior,
Ottawa, 18th January, 1894.
THE BON ACCORD
Tho above steamer makes regular trips
between Westminster and Langley, taking Parson's Channel and thus calling
regularly at Ileiuhrough's brick yard,
Port Kells and all other intermediate
points. Partios anxious to reach Clovordalo and other points in Surrey, and who
miss the train, will often find this boat
convenient.
Leaves Westminster every day at 3 p. m.
oxcopt Saturday, when she leavos at
2 p. m.
Loaves Langley every day at 0 a. in. except Fridays, when sho loaves at 8
a. m. for Wostmlnstor market.
Extra trip on Saturdays, leaving Langloy at 5 p. in.
No trips on Sundays.
WESTMINSTER, B. C.
Importers   of  Hardware,
Paints, Oils and Window
Glass,    Lime,    Cement,
Leather   and   Rubber
Belting,     Crockery,
Lamps and  Glassware.
0. McDONOTOH
McGILLIVRAY'S BUILDING, FRONT ST
DEALER IN GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
Constantly on Hand an Extensive Stock of
Groceries, Flour and Feed, Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Hats aid
Caps, Crockery, Glassware, Etc.
Men's and Boys' Suits.   Great Variety of Household Artioles.   Also Grain, SeoAs,
Potatoes, and General Stores.
N.B.���Farm Produce bought at market rates or sold on commission.   Orders from that
interior promptly attended to.
P. O. Box 405.
Telephone 7-4.
Look at PARNELL & GUNN'S prices:
Continued on 4th page.
SEND for PRICES
Beaver Milk, 8 tins for $1.00
3 lbs. Soda Crackers, 25 cents.
1 lb. tins Oysters, 2 for 25 cents.
100 lbs. sacks wbeat, $1.50.
100 lbs. sacks Shorts, (51.25.
100 lbs. sacks Bran, $1.15.
6 lbs. Black Tea, $1.00.
5-lb.  boxes
Hunzarlan Flour, $4.45 per barrel.
5 lb. chests uncolored Japan Tea, $1.65 each
Lako of Woods Strong Baker's flour, $4.15
Coylon Tea, 40c. per lb. 5 lbs. for $1.75.
1 lb. tins good Baking Powder, 25c. each.
5-lb. tins English Breakfast Coffee, $1.10.
5-lb. boxes No. 1 Black Tea, $1.50.
good Black Tea, $1.25.
Opposite C. P: R. Station, Columbia St.,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
D. LYAL <fe CO,
-DEALERS  IN-
Books, Stationery, Fancy Goods,
Pianos,   Organs,   Music,   etc.
NEW   "WESTMINSTER,,
B.   O.
MEDICAL HALL.
ONE OF
THE LARGEST and
THE BEST STOCK OF
DRUGS and
SPECTACLES
IN  BRITISH COLUMBIA.
D. S. CURTIS & Co., New Westminster. NEW    WESTMINSTER,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 10,  1894.
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN
is published every Saturday, by
CHLBRHITH    &     ROBINSON
AT THE OFFICE,
Corner Front and MeKenzie Streets,
(Directly in rear of Bunk of Montreal.)
Subscription, $1.00 per annum, in advance
ADVERTISING   BATES :
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commercial Advertisements���in displayed
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Professional and Business Cards���Notto
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Address:
THE PACIFIC CANADIAN,
New Westminster, B. C.
W. J. ROBINSON
Business Manager.
are really patriots, but the majority of
the electors of that constituency are
better informed, and it is no secret that
representative men from Maple Ridge
and Mission havo made advances to Mr.
Punch with a view to his candidacy for
their district. They know his political
record, and they know, too, that as a
private man the word of ,las. Punch is
as good as the bond of other men; that
he is as true as steel, as honest as the
day, generous to a fault, and withal as
shrewd and capable as the ablest representative needs to be.
Wo do not believe that Mr. Punch will
consent to be nominated for Dewdney
and we know that in oilier quarters bis
representative services are earnestly
desired. He does not need to look for a
constituency; constituencies will look for
him.
��he  Uitctftc   (ftanubiitn.
NEW WESTMINSTER. MAR.   10, 1894.
GOOD SERVICE.
The settlers of the lowor part of
Suirey will be pleased to seo by our
Parliamentary report that Mr. Jas.
Punch, M.P.P., on Monday moved for an
address to the Lieut.-Governor, praying
him to urge upon the Dominion Government the need of taking steps to improve the navigable waters of the
Serpentine, Nicomekl and Campbell
rivers. Undoubtedly a comparatively
small expenditure upon these streams
would result in immense benefit to a
large section of adjoining country, providing drainage for large areas and
making a water-way for timber driving,
to say nothing of tho increased navigation advantages so important to the agricultural lands neighboring the streams.
The business of securing the much desired improvements is in good hands, for
although Mr. Punch moves quietly, and
makes no pretence of "showing off" for
the admiration of his constituents, he is
nevertheless well known by his fellow
representatives to bo one of the most
influential members In the House, and,
moreover his influence is not confined to
the Legislature of this Province, for his
name is worth something as far away as
Ottawa.
Without intending to at the start, the
writer feels disposed to enlarge upon the
subject of James Punch, having in recollection the contemptible utterance of
the Columbian a few days ago. Tlie name
of Mr. Punch has seldom appeared in
these columns, because he is not in need
of the "tooting" that Mr. Brown seems
to lequire. Mr. Punch does not recommend himself to tbe people of the lowor
Fraser by "wind" and self-seeking, but
by substantial improvements from one
ond of Westminster District to tho othor.
Iu spite of the apathy, not to say mal-
representation, of Messrs. Drown,Kitchen
and Sword, tho influence of Jas. Punch
will bridge the Fraser river and build a
railway that will be a blessing to the
largest and fairest agricultural district
in the Pacific Province. Delegations are
fine, and give support, but what could
any delegation from Westminster District accomplish without the backing of
Jas. Punch, M.P.P.? People mako
mistakes. Oftentimes, as in the story of
Samson, they do not know where tho
real strength lies. Thero are Samsons
in these days, here in British Columbia,
but they vary tho record, and uso their
strength, not to slay, but to protect the
interests of thousands from being slain
by the jaw-bone of au ass.
Tho Mission City News was right in
suggesting, from the Dewdney stand- j
point, the desirability of having Mr. j
Punch for a representative. There Is a j
question here not yet solved, but If tho I
duty of a representative is to secure for
hia constituents the greatest material
benefits possible, then no man in British
Columbia can be an abler representative
than Mr. .las. Punch. The last election
on the lower Fraser was an anomaly.
Men were elected without a guide; the
people who elected them were without a
guide. The only condition was an Independent support of tho Government,
and when this indefinite condition broke,
every individual member of the combination was compelled to be a guide unto
himself. Jas. Punch considered tho Interests of his constituents Messrs.
Ilrowu and Kitchen considered the Interests of themselves. Mr. Sword Is a
well-meaning man, and no doubt t bought
lie was doing right In going Into opposition with the self-seekers. Tho people
of Dewdney know all this, and know,
too, tho sterling qualities of Mr. Jas.
Punch. If that gentleman desires to represent that constituency in the next
Assembly, he only needs to intimate his
willingness to be a candidate, and ho will
be triumphantly olected. The Canadian
truthfully presented the claims of Mr.
Kelly, of Coquitlam, and of Mr. Thos.
Cunningham, of this city, to tho representation of Dewdnoy, and there may be
others yet to hear from, but after all Is
said, if Mr. Punch wishes to represent
Dewdney the way Is open, and he will
lind strong supporters in those who,
barring himself, believed tliey had lirst
claims oil the riding. No doubt thore
are people in Dewdney who honestly
believe that Messrs. Ilrowu and  Kitchen
FACTIOUS OPPOSITION.
Since our last issue tbe Government's
redistribution bill has practically become
a statute of the  Province.     Very  littlo
change was made  in   it   while  passing i m(J
through the Legislature,  except in  the
members, two for each riding. It Is
safe to say that there is not a man In the
district who ever contemplated such an
increase in representation, and if Mr.
Sword's chiefs were in power to-day they
would not think of redistributing on any
such extravagant basis. Air. Sword
also moved that Lillooet should have one
member only, to which Mr. Kitchen
strongly objected, and on tho motion
being put the only supporters of it were
Mi. Sword and Mr. MeKenzie.
Mr. Semlin objected that Yale district
should have additional representation,
but received no backing.
Outside of the Houso, the Nelson
Tribune claims more representation for
Kootcnay, and the Columbian hero objected to the taking of a member from
Cariboo. It seems, therefore, that the
great Opposition objection to the new
distribution of seats is that there should
be more members given to every district
on the Mainland, while at the same time
tlie leader of the Opposition insists that
there are too many members in the
House already. Was cvor anything
ibsurd? Was ever a public
measure treated to so lame and Imbecile a
THE LEGISLATURE.
provisions for registering voters,  which  or|tlc|gm?   There is a very old  legend
were amplified to  cover  objections  sug-1 lhiU a |lig|, aB|?ol foun(J   tault  with   Ul(,
arrangements in  Heaven,   and   was in
gested by the Opposition. The people of
the Province may well be rejoiced at the
passage of the measure, for by it a
grievance that the Mainland section
justly cumDlaiued of has been abolished
forever. In every district of tiio Province the new distribution of the representation is accepted for what it is���the
most just and equitable that could be
devised. In the nature of tilings a bill
of this kind cannot be cut to everyone's
measure, no redistribution bill ever was or
ever will be, and for those who wish to
be factious a very small defect Is sufficient basis for a very large complaint.
Our neighbor, the Columbian, was sure
the bill was a gerrymander, even bofore
tho provisions of it were known here,
and in its issue of Monday last lets itself
loose in a tirade entitled "Tho Premier's
Great Sneak," that, would scarcely be
excusable in a spoilt child accustomed
to resent everything not in accordance
with its own whim. Tho real truth is
that the unexpected fairness of Mr.
Davie's measure knocked the wind all
out of the Opposition, and the Columbian
stands alone In its unreasonableness.
Fancy a grown up newspaper offering
its readers editorial opinion of tli is kind:
 "the  searching criticisms
" which a number of Independents, who
" were prevented from speaking, were,
" doubtless, prepared to make." That
may be a psychological revelation, but it
sounds very much like an exaggerated
rendering of a Dickons' caricature.
It may be worth while to examine somo
of tho objections that the opposite side
have offered to tho bill. Giving Mr.
Heaven, leader of the orthodox Opposition first place, his objection was that
the bill did not provide that tho majority should rule. This of course implies
that, in that hon. gontleman's opinion,
tlie principle of representation by population should bo carried out to the letter.
GraDt this, and on tho basis of 33 members to 05,000 white population, Westminster City would have 3 member,
Vancouver would have 7 members, Victoria would have 8 members, Nanaimo
would have 2 members, and the rest of
tho Province would bo represented by 13
members. Digest that, poople of the
rural districts.
Mr. Cotton, leader of tho Mainland
Opposition, had no objection to offer to
the arrangement of the representation,
but took bettor ground and made some
reasonable suggestions regarding the
registration of the votes that wero conceded by the supporters of tho bill.
Mr. Brown did not favor the centralizing of representation in the cities, but
claimed that Vancouver is entitled to
\\)i members and Westminster city to lja'
members. This argument sounds familiar, somehow, and tlie parrot business is
making confusion. Mr. Brown did not
object to a member for Cassiar, but, he
thought Esqulmalt was unduly favored
iu comparison witli Cariboo, from which
latter district a member had been taken.
He held, too, that the bill provided for
an equity of representation between the
Island and the Mainland, which was a
pernicious principle. Unfortunately,
Mr. Hrown and his friends did excite
about one year ago a spirit of antagonism between Island and Mainland, and
inspired his mouth organ in this city to
sound tint Inspiring strains of "We'll
sooir have a Parliament House of our
own." Of late, It is true, the music has
died away, but the Impression left upon
people here Is that there must be a distinction made between the two sections,
and Hie Mainland people aro glad that
the Government bill recognizes the temporary distinction. Tho objection to
the withdrawing of ono member from
Cariboo Is astonishing, considering tho
fact that Cariboo has always boon represented by the Opposition to be too much
represented. In view of his past record,
the Instincts of Mr. Brown are woll represented by his division of tho Mainland into the trans-Cascade and tho cls-
Cascade districts. Givo the member for
New Westminster his swing, and in a
little whilo the Province of British Columbia will be divided till there will be
nothing left but .I.C. Brown, the heaven-
born statesman, who has a strong penchant for representing himself.
Mr. Sword claimed that the district of
New   Westminster   should   have  eight
Heaven, and
consequence banished from the delectable Mansions. The same process is
likely to go Into operation in regard to
the earthly Houso.
Wo cautioned our reader to watch the
action of the Opposition on the redistribution bill. For four yoars these political charlatans have been urging upon
the people of the Mainland as a chief
grievance, the admitted inequality of the
representation. They have been posing
as patriots and asking the support of the
people to put an end to the injustice.
The Government recognized tho defects
of the old representative arrangement,
promised to correct them, and tho other
day submitted a bill to the Houso that
fairly covered every grievance. It was
so equitable that the hostiles could find
no ground for concentrated attack, and
tho factious members made an exhibition of themselves by finding fault with
small details, about which scarcely any
two of them could agree. The Opposition wanted the old unjust representation to continue they refused to accept
the equity that they had been advocating for four years, and with tho exception of Mr. Grant, THEY VOTED
AGAINST THE BILL.
The retirement of Mr. Gladstone from
the Britisli Ministry, rendered necessary
by the infirmities of ago, is a notable
event In the politics of the world. Lord
Rosebery has been chosen as successor
to the aged statesman in the Premiership, and it is expected that the policy
of the Government will bo continued on
Gladstonian lines. Tho difference iu
political measurement on this continent
and in England is well illustrated by the
career of Mr, Gladstone. As a young
man he was taken up by an influential
politician of the day and elected to the
House of Commons to represent a private
pocket borough in the intorest of high
Toryism at homo and negro slavery in
British outside possessions. A few years
later, the anti-slavery movemont having
grown apace in the meantime, Mr. Gladstone reversed his views on that Iniquity,
and did good service in abolishing slavery
from the Empire. His Tory, views, too,
suffered reversal, and in due course the
rising politician drifted to tho other side
of tho House. Later the disestablishment of tho Irish church came up. Mr.
Gladstone took strong ground against
disestablishment, and during recess
exorcised his fine literary talents in preparing an elaborate treatise condemning
the proposed reform. A fow months
later he stood in the House and announced that he had changed his opinions and
was now in favor of disestablishment.
On this continent partyism is hidebound,
and any politician who finds causo to
change front must expect to be accused
of base and selfish motives, lt is not so
in Britain where political opinion is
broad and free. The honesty of purpose In Mr. Gladstone's changes of
opinion was never seriously questioned,
and he carried with him throughout tho
respect of his political opponents, and
the admiration of his own party, who
lovingly coined for him tho tltlo of
"Grand Old Man." On his retirement,
Mr. Gladstono was ofTerod a peerage,
whicli hu declined.
London, March 8.���The banquet of the
Colonial Institute was hold last night.
The Earl of Dunraven occupied tho
chair. Sir Charles Tupper proposed the
toast of the Royal family. Lord Dunraven iu proposing the toast of the Institii-
Hon referred to tho growth of colonial
trade, and expressed the hopo that E)ng<
land would practically recognise tho mil
fylng effect of trade. Right Hon. Jas.
Bryco said he bclloved it to bo in tho Interest of the colonies to remain attached
to the empire "Wo hold the empire,
ho said, "not moroly by wealth or by
ships, but by the Invincible spirit of
courage and enterprise, which centuries
of freedom havo developed." Sir Thomas
Mclllralth, of Queensland, who was prosent, also spoko, and warmly eulogised
tho efforts being inado by Canada to promote trade with the Australian colonies.
Toronto, March 2���In the legislature
Sir Oliver Mowat iu announcing tho res
ignatlon of Hon. C. F. Fraser, paid a
tribute to his integrity and administration of the public works department
during the past 10 years. Ho stated
that Mr. Fraser would nominally hold
tho portfolio during the remainder of
Hie session, but would take no active
part lu the cabinet.
Continued   from   page   9.
Nanaimo 1 each; the   greatest difficulty
being   experienced   with    Westminster,
which had more than enough population
for 1 and not enough for two  members.
The cities, with 41,900  population, thus
had 9 members, leaving 24 for tlie 55,000
population in  the  rural   constituencies.
Of tlie gross population of  tlie Province
some 22 per  cent,   were  Indians,  who
need  not  be   taken   Into   consideration
here, and 10 per cent. Chinese, the. latter
contributing a good deal to  the rovenuo
though  not represented  in  any way in
the House.    In the rural districts whero
the bulk of tlie Indians naturally are, it
would be very difficult to make   population the basis of representation.     In tlie
cities, eliminating tho Chinese and  Indians did not make any  material  difference in the proportionate representation,
except perhaps that the position of Victoria city  is   impaired.     In   tho   rural
districts  several   difficulties occur.   In
Casslar, for instance,   there,  are   enormous areas, where great  industries like
fishing and   lumber   are   constantly increasing.    It has a  whito  population of
520, while the Indian population is 7,000
or 8,000.   If only  the white population
wero considered, Cassiar would not have
a representative at   all,  and  the  whole
Mainland representation would he centered iu tlie Westminster  and  Yale districts.    As lie had said before,   tho   proportion of 19 and 14 is  perfectly   fair as
between tlie Mainland and   Island  divl-
ions, but how to   apportion   those two
numbers fur each of them   was a matter
of greater  difficulty.     He noticed the
press had been very silent as to  the  bill
nd thought that if there had  been any
great objection  to tlie  conclusions arrived at it would  havo been   heard of
before now.   To come to the particulars,
Victoria city remains tlie same;  and Esqulmalt remains the samo also, for thoro
aro   important   works   projected   thore
which indicate an early increaso in population.     Victoria   district  has   been
changed, Salt Spring and   other islands
being added and the district divided into
two ridings, each  returning one member.   Cowichan and Alberni have been
merged, and will return two members, to
which they are fully entitled by population and importance.     In the district of
Nanaimo no particular change has beon
made. It returning two members,  while
Nanaimo city returns ono.  As to Comox,
in which thero is Included all the island
north of Nanaimo, it would bo noticed
that it will embrace also a large territory
on tlie Mainland opposite, this being very
desirable as the interests of both shores
and of the intervening islands are much
the same.   Cassiar has not been altered.
Westminster district has   been given an
additional member, and Vancouver city
also   will   have  ono  more.     Yale   and
Lillooet, with the exception of an alteration in their boundaries,  remain  much
tho   same,   though   Lillooet  has   been
divided into two  ridings.     The district
of Cariboo, witli about tho Same population as Lillooet,  has   beon   reduced  by
one member, though its area has been
slightly increased, but knowing as the
House does the important works going
on there, it is to bo  Loped that in succeeding changes in tho constitution act
it will   regain its   lost  member.     (Applause.)   East  Kootenay   remains   tho
same, with ono member,   but   iu   West
Kootenay an  additional  representative
bas been given,  for  though   this is not
absolutely   called   for   by   tho   present
census,   the  Government  cannot  shut
their eyes to the  rapid giowth of that
country and tho possibilities of tho near
futuro.   It had been found very difficult
to ascertain from tho Dominion  returns
the population ot  the various districts,
but the Government had been  at great
pains to find this out as nearly as  possible.   Ho had heard some criticism of
the   powor taken   by   the  Lieutenant-
Governor-ln-Couucil   to   scrutinize   tho
voters' lists, but  it  had been thought
absolutely necessary, in the  interests of
all parties and the Province as a whole,
to take this precantion to obtain lists as
nearly fair as possible,   to prevent Impersonation and other abuses,   As this
bill made an entire new departure In tho
representation it was felt that this new
power to deal with  the lists should be
granted, so that tho voting lists might
be as pure and correct as possible. With
out going into details, which would como
up iii committee, ho thought it unnecessary to go further into tho mattor now.
He thanked  thoso   mombers   who had
given the Government assistance in tho
shape of Information necessary in  making up tho bill,  which he felt satisfied
meets with the approval ot the country,
tho consensus of opinion so far as he had
heard being that it is a very  fair and
equitable    measure.     (Applause.)     Of
course it must be rather unpleasant for
some hon. members supporting   tho Government to give  their consent to the
nominal disappearance   of  their constituencies,  or to tho   reduction of thoir
representation, but these  changes, however much they   might   bo regretted, it
would  be seen   were  unavoidable.    He
thought  the  bill   had   proved   how unfounded were the  predictions that the
Government had iu contemplation something in tlie nature of a gerrymander,
for the only changes made in  tlie dis-
Hon.  Mr.  Beaven  complimented   the
Chief Commissioner  upon  the fair   and
moderate manner in which ho  had  presented the bill to tho House.   He did not
agree, however, that it had quite solved
tho problem of  proper proportional representation.    He thought  it  would  be
generally agreed that   the principle of
representation should be that men rather
than property   interests  should   be represented.   He referred to tbe acknow-
ledgmncnt made by the Chief Commissioner of tho assistance received from certain
members in framing the measure,  and
said that this was the first intimation
lie had had that tho membership of tho
Executive Council had been Increased as
thus indicated.    He expressed dissatisfaction with the bill, which he held does
not comply with tho   demand that   tho
majority of tho   people shall rule  and
shall be properly represented.   Under it
he contended the majority of the people
will not bo heard   in   these  halls.   It
could not or should  not bo  the  wish of
the  Government   that   they   should  be
maintained by only the  minority of the
population.     The   truo  theory always
contended for in this  colony   had been
that the majority should rule���should
make the laws.    He was a little disappointed when ho hearl tho reference to
those divisions in  the Province���or by
which the Provlnco had been tried to be
divided���tho Island  and  the  Mainland.
Tho "balance of powor"   Idea   ho pronounced  the most visionary ever conceived, and one which  never   had   pro-
vailed, for the journals  of   the   House
showed not  one singlo occasion where
the House had divided ou that principle.
It was,   he  held,  only  the  creation   of
those who would   stir   up strifo iu the
Province.    He had seen with  regret tho
census returns presented to tho Houso,
which showed nothing else but  how the
population wore divided as to Island and
Mainland���a mischievous and uustates-
manliko thing, for he felt that the interests of everyone in this city, or In the
other cities, aro bound up in the affairs
of the most remote parts of the northern
portion of the Province, and tho interests
of those In Cassiar and Cariboo are likewise bound up in  tho city  of Victoria.
He held that tho Ideas of thoso who prepared the first representation bill were
vory different, when although tho bulk
of tho   population   wero  in Cariboo   a
gonerous proportion of representatives
was allowod to the cities in the south of
of tho Province    Ho was disappointed
with tho bill���disappointed that the Government aro not prepared to allow tho
majority of the people to elect a majority
of tho  representatives.     Ho  described
tho bill as a mere patchwork thing which
ought simply to bo put In the waste-paper
basket, so that another fairer bill might
be mado before a general election takes
place.   He held it  simply   proposod to
continue tlie improper state of things
now existing, where a minority rule and
mako the laws; and though lie would be
sorry to see a resort to violence in this
Province, he felt bound to say that it
was just such a stato of things which
provoked  peoplo   to   violence   in  othor
parts.    He had thought at times that it
is a great defect to our constitution that
tho   legislature  should   bo   given   this
power to amend tho constitution act, for
he thought in the past twenty-live years
the result had been  that this Province
has been going from bad to worso In tho
matter of representation.     Ho  did not
see what occasion there was for 33 mombors in tho House.    He thought  tho last
increase  of  six   had   so  extended tho
power of the minority that, it became a
violent abuse.    The minority not only
made the laws, but said how they should
bo enforced.   While minorities of courso
havo   thoir  rights,  ho   did   not  think
that any one would say minorities should
rule, and ho did not think tho bill should
receive tho assent of the House.
Mr. Brown complained that hoorsomo
other member on his side was compelled
to spoak after the leader of the Opposition, and that the mombers of the Govornment compelled the Opposition to
mako their criticisms now so that
they could reply to them. Ho noted
that tho Chief Commissioner did not
display such an independent spirit as
that shown by tho leader of the Govorn
ment tho othor day when he said ho
would not bo influenced by anything
said about tho bill in the House.
Hon. Mr. Davie rose to explain that
the hon. gentleman was misquoting him
and that he had said nothingof the kind,
liis remarks woro in answer to Mr. Cotton, who had said that the Govornmont
had not even then made up thoir minds
about the bill, and did not know what it
would contain. Ho replied that tho
Government had made up their minds
about the bill, did know exactly what it
would contain, and would not bo influenced one way or the other by anything which the Opposition might
say In advance of its presentation to tho
House.
Mr. Brown did not agree with the
principle upon whicli the representation
had been divided between cities and
rural constituencies, for lie held that it
is a generally recognized princlplo that
the population of cities is not entitled
to as great representation as the population of rural districts. In addition, If in
the case of the cities it is fair to divide
their representation according to the
population lie thought  that  the same
trlcts represented by gentlemen opposite
bad been in the direction of increasing ! principle should have been applied to tlie
representation. In dividing some of the [ rural constituencies. As to tho repre-
dlstricts Into ridings, attention had been
paid to tho topographical features as
much as possible, but any suggestions
looking to tho Improvement of these
divisions or other provisions of tho bill
would bo gladly received. Tho Government felt that this was a bill which
would meet the approval of tho whole
electorate (applausel, and would bury
forever tho feeling which had sometimes
been called up botwoen tho Island and
tho Mainland. Ho thought the Government had In this measure fully redeemed their promises, and If It did not
satisfy the hon. gentlemen opposite, ho
thought It would be bocause thoy woro
vory hard lndood to satisfy Ho hoped,
however. It would meet with thoir approval, or at all cvonts that they would
approach the discussion of It In a broad
provincial spirit, refraining from narrow
criticisms or small comparisons of ono
district with another���that thoy would
consider tho interests of tho whole Provlnco rathor than thoso of thoir own
particular districts. The Government,
on their part, wore qulto prepared to
receive, iii a friendly spirit, any suggestions as to changes In the details whioh
might be made In committee. He felt
confident that tbo bill would pass Into
law, and that as a result there would
assemble hero noxt year a legislature
more noarly representing all the varied
Interests of tho Province than any whicli
had yet mot.   (Groat applause.)
sentation allowed to the cities,  ho held
that by population Vancouver Is entitled
to .'ii members and Westminster to lj.
lion. Air. Davie.���You can't give half
a member.
Mr. Hrown said that is quite true, but
tlie two cities named were entitled to 5
members just as much as the two cities
of Nanalmo and Victoria aro entitled to
5. Ho would not, however, complain too
much of this because there wore othor
gravor matters. Ho did not objoct to
Casslar being allowed to retain Its member, for thoro aro very Important Interests up thoro. He thought tho Chief
Commissioner had very adroitly skipped
through tho bill, passing swiftly over
the most Interesting passages such as
with referonco to Nanalmo. In tho case
of Esqulmalt ho had said that Important
works about to go forward there justified
the retention of the two members, but
whilo Esqulmalt had incroasod Its voters
only 55 in four years, Cariboo had increased more than that In four months,
and though It was said that Cariboo also
was about to havo many Important
works, lu that case the fact appeared not
to have prevented tlie reduction of its
representatives by one. lie held that
the most prominent idea ou the faco of
tho bill Is to Ir.duco tho peoplo to consider themselves as Malnlanders or Islanders respectively, thus showing the
ingrained sectionalism of the Government   as  compared   with    tho   broad-
spirited domands of the independent
party for a fair representation of all
parts of the country.
Hon. Col. Baker thought the Government had reason to congratulate itself
u pon the speeches already delivered on
tho other side of the House, the only
criticism heard as yet being tho mere
blowing of bubbles. Proceeding to deal
with the provisions of tho bill he showed
that tho Government had by taking the
division of 4,000 dealt, fairly with the
whole of the cities. He had been amused,
ho said, with the speech of the leader of
tho Opposition, the burden of which boing
that tho majority must rule, it meant, if
it meant anything, that the cities must
rule the rural constituencies���or that
they must have 21 of tho 33 members.
Hon. Mr. Beaven.���I didn't say so.
Hon. Col. Baker said if tho lion.gentleman had not said it in so many words,
that was tlie meaning of liis remarks.
Mr. Brown's arguments wore measured
out by tho yard and very difficult to hold
him to, for while one moment he said
majorities must rule the next moment ho
said the reverse, and such criticism Is
very difficult to deal witli. (Laughter)
Tbat gentlemen had objected to Nanaimo
having tho saime representation as Westminster, but lie forgot that Nanaimo has
a very important industry in its coal
mining whicli Westminster lias not got.
As to tho representation in West Kootenay, though the voters' list might entitle it to another member, it must be
remembered that this list represents, as
is necessarily the case in a new mining
country, a floating population, whicli
may or may not remain, though as to
the probabilities ho thought there could
bo no two opinions. He thought the
Government desorvo congratulations
upon tho bill. Thoy had not only done
away with the possibility of feeling between the Island and the Mainland, but
in tho constituency of Comox they had
linked tho two, tho membor for that
district having, metaphorically speaking,
one foot on tho Island and tho other on
the Mainland.
Mr. Semlin criticised the division of
some of tho districts into ridings while
others, such as Cariboo, had not beon so
divided. He dealt with the provisions
respecting tho voters' lists, and held that
the bill placed a dangerous power of interference with the franchise, in giving
the collectors authority to strike oft
names at their own will, lie held that
the matters of redistribution and the
eloctoral law should have been brought
in as two separate bills.
Hon. Mr. Pooley said tho Government
had in drawing up this bill taken into
consideration everything which could
possibly affect it, and that they had arrived at a wise conclusion he thought
was shown by tho speech mado to-day
by the leader of the Opposition, who
witli all his skill in dealing with bills
could find littlo or nothing to complain
of. He showed that the bill makes provision for ten members representing the
mining interest, thirteen representing
agriculture, live fisheries, and nino tho
cities���which he considered a very fair
representation indeed. Ho dealt with
the criticism which had been mado of
the representation of his own constituency, Esqulmalt, and showed that
although the number of voters thore is
smaller than in some other constituencies, nearly ovory voter is tho head of a
family and a permanent resident. There
are very largo works in contemplation,
and to be carried on without any doubt,
in thai, district, and another thing which
ought not to bo lost sight of is that Esquimau is the headquarters for the navy.
Although tho thousands of men on the
warships aro not voters or permanent
residents here, they aro a very important factor in contributing to tlie trade
of the community, and a very largo proportion of the agricultural produce of
tho Eraser valley, as well as of the Island, goes to form the supplies for the
navy. He considered tho bill aH on the
whole about as fair a one as could be
submitted to any Legislature. (Applause.)
Dr. Milne criticisod tho division of Nanalmo district into north and south
ridings, as he held that if divided at all
It should have been east and west. He
oxpressod regret that tho bill does not
propose to abolish or reduce the doposit
of $200 required from candidates.
Hon. Mr. Turner said there appeared
to be little left to answer respecting the
points attempted to be mado by the
gentlemen opposite. He noticed that
thoy had to a great extent avoided the
bill itself. This was especially noticeable iu the caso of Mr. Heaven, who If
there had been anything against tho bill
would certainly have brought it out.
They had mado their main attack upon
the matter of tho revision of the voters'
lists, being led in this by Mr. Semlin,
who had finished his arguments with as
an illustration the case of an honored
voter In Vale, who after having cast his
ballot for a lifetime at the ond found
that his name had without causo been
omitted. This very illustration was a
proof of tho absolute necessity
for a revision, and for this tho
Government had provided. To guard
against any injustice thoro was to bo
tho greatest amount of publicity, but he
thought it rather straining a point to
say, as these gentlemen did, that thero
aro not in the Province enough honest
men to properly revise the voters' lists.
Ho anticipated no favoritism for the
Government in this connection any more
than for the other sldo. Ono thing
which appeared to havo been overlooked
lu tho bill was somo provision for appeal.
How this had occurred ho could hardly
say, but hu had called the attention of
the Attorney-General to tho matter and
such a provision would be Inserted. He
thought the bill provided that at tho
next election every man who wanted to
vote will havo a voto where bo lives, and
that thore will be no non-rosldontsor dead
mon ou the list, and thus littlo or no
opportunity fo." impersonation, so that a
fair olection may bo had.   (Applause.)
The question being put the bill was
road a second timo on division of 21 to 10,
as follows:
Ayes���Messrs. Punch, Homo, Smith,
Watt, Bakor, Davie, Vernon, Eberts,
Stoddart, Booth, Adams, Pooley.Turner,
Martin, Croft, Grant, Hall, Hunter,
Rogers, Anderson, Fletcher���21.
Noes���Messrs. Semlin, Sword, Cotton,
MeKenzie, Kitchon, Mllno, Beaven,
Brown, Foster and Keith���10.
Tho Douse adjourned at 10.25 p.m.
Monday, March 5.   <
The. Speaker took the chair at 2 p.m.
Sir. Punch moved: Whereas tlie navigation of tlie Nicomekl, Serpentine and
Campbell rivers is at present much impeded by log jams and by short curves,
all of whioh could bo removed at a comparatively slight cost; and whereas the aojf
NEW   WESTMINSTEE,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 10,  1894.
Dominion Government have already expended different, sums on tlie Nicomekl
and S' rpentlne, with great advantage to
thoso streams and a very small additional expenditure would largely extend the
navigable portion of them; and whereas
tho cleaning out of tho navigable portion
of the Campbell river would enable the
settlers on the upper part of the stream
to utilize the river for necessary drainage and also provide an outlet for timber
of which there Is a large supply belonging to tho Dominion Government: Be It
therefore resolved that a respectful
address bo presented to Ills Honor the
Lieutenant-Governor   praying    him    to
tion had been put, claimed tho right to
speak, protesting against tho amendment as ho thought that Lillooot should
havo two mombers. He urged that ho
should bo allowed to givo his views.
A voice���You are looking for a constituency.
Mr. Kitchen protested tbat he. is not
looking for a constituency and that ho
has no intention of looking for ono outside of where ho resides.
Mr. Semlin suggested that the amendment should be withdrawn.
A voice���Oh no! we'll put you on record hero.
The amendment was put and lost only
urge upon the Dominion Government tlie j Messrs. Sword and MeKenzie voting for
out I it.
necessity of taking steps   to  carry
theso sugeestod improvements.
Motion agreed to.
The House wont into committte of the
whole on the redistribution bill, Mr.
Martin in the chair.
Hon. Mr. Beaven, on clause 2, asked
what is tho necessity for 33 members in
a Province witli a white population of
05,000. Ho had never been in favor of
increasing the representation to that
number, which only made moro members
for tho Government to square.
Hon. Mr. Davie���Bow many would the
hon. gentleman propose lo have'.'
Hon. Mr. Beaven���1 am not the Government.
Hon. Mr. Davie pointed out that to
havo responsible Government in tlie Province it is necessary to have an independent legislature, in whicli the proportion
of members of the Government shall not
be so groat that it will have the mastery
over the legislature, as would practically
be tho case if thero wore only 25 or 27
members as formerly. One of the greatest constitutional minds in Canada, the
late Sir John Macdonald, had said that
responsible Government could not be
carried on in British Columbia until tho
representation was Increasod from 25 as
it then was. He considered that to
maintain tho number as at presont ia in
the best interests of tho Province, and
that those who advocate a reduction aim
a blow at responsible Government and
seek to place tho Legislature at the
mercy of the Executive. While this
would not be a very serious affair at
present, the time might come when a
less scrupulous Executive would be in
power, and the disastrous effect of the
change would then be felt.
Mr. Brown argued In favor of having
"five or six thousand dollars worth of
members less in the House," and stated
that ho knew of no other way in which
this bill could be amended. In fact he
favored bringing in a new bill altogether.
Hon. Mr. Beaven denied that the Province really has responsible Government,
and as an illustration held that In this
vory bill, for Instance, the executive���
which under responsible government
should have formulated a policy and
submitted it to the House���had no policy
at all until the members of the Legislature had come here and met in orivato
In the Provincial Secretary's department
to help them to frame the bill. He agreed
with Mr. Brown that the measure now
under consideration is so defective that
it is impossible to amend it.
Mr. Hunter wished to point out a
striking inconsistency in the two speeches which the hon. leader of the Opposition had made on this bill. In the lirst
he said it is not such a wonderful production seeing that three years have
been spent upon it, but just now he had
told the House that the bill had been
made up since the m3eting of tho Legislature.
Mr. Sword moved an amendment providing for two members instead of one,
for each of the four ridings into which
Westminster district is proposed to bo
dividec.
The Chairman, objection having been
taken, ruled the amendment out of
* order on the ground that it proposed to
increase the representation above the
number of 33, which could not be done
by a private member. This decision was
appealed to the Speaker.
The Speaker ruled that the House having adopted the principle of 33 members,
beforo referring the bill to committee, It
was not in order now to increase the representation as proposed.
Mr. Brown spoke against giving Victoria 4 members while Westminster has
only 1.
Mr. Semlin protested that the representation of Yale Is not adequately provided for, as compared with other districts.
Hon. Mr. Vernon pointed out that,
taking tho interests of the Province as a
whole, the best possible thing had been
done for Yalo that could be done without
Increasing tho total representation.
Mr. Brown repeated the objection
urged that equal representation is not
given to all divisions of the Province.
Ilou. Mr. Davie said he must admit
that lie had been unable to follow the
argument made bv Mr. Brown tlie other
night and now followed up, nbout the
trans-Cascade and the ois-Caseade and
the Island divisions, but lie was struck
by the fact that while that gentleman
condemned the Government Incidentally
recognizing tho two natural divisions
caused by the Gulf of Georgia, he himself wished to create other artificial
divisions of trans-Cascade and cis-Cas-
eade. Uo had no complaint, It appeared,
becauso, as ho said, the trans-Cascade
country Is to havo ono member for every
900 of population, against one for evory
3,000 in tho els-Cascade district, as ho
calls tin' placo where he lives; but he
complains that Vancouver Island is to
have ono member for overy 2,000. The
only deduction that could bo drawn
from his remarks was that the people
who live on Vancouver Island should bo
punished by having only ono member
for ovory 3,000 of white population, or
only nine uiembers altogether.
Mr. Hrown spoko In opposition to the
division of Lillooot���now having two
members���into two ridings���with one
member for each, holding that the district would bo sufficiently represented
by one member.
Mr. Stoddart declared that when Mr.
Hrown was in Lillooet last summer ho
did not talk In tills way. Thon he said
be was quite satisfied with the representation of Lillooot and othor outlying
districts, and that thoy woro not at all
over represented.
Mr Smith confirmed what had just
been said by his colleague from JLIilooet,
as to Mr. Brown's utterances when in
that constituency. He hold that the
outlying districts are fully entitled to the
representation they are allowed.
Mr. Hrown claimed that his remarks
In Lillooet had been misquoted by the
members from that constituency.
Mr. Sword moved to amend  the bill so
as to provide that Lillooet shall  have
only one member.
Mr. Kitchen, coining In after tho ques-
Wlth respect to West Kootenay an Important amendment was made, this being
as Hon. Mr. Davie stated, at the instance
of Mr. Kellie, the present representative.
The effect of tlie amendment is to hotter
equalise the two ridings to bo created, a
considerable territory being taken from
tin' sou 1 li and added lo tliu north riding.
Tills includes tho Lower Arrow Lake
country, below the 50th parallel, and the
Columbia river territory to the boundary. Among the settlements tli us transposed arcMhe Trail Creek milling camp,
the town of Hobson and the ranches of
Fire Valley and Trout Creek.
On the clause respecting Carrlboo, and
reducing tlie representation from threo
to two members, Dr. Watt and Mr. Rogers spoke expressing regret at the necessity for the reduction but acknowledging
the justice of It.
Mr. MeKenzie moved to amend the
clauses relating to South Victoria and
Esqulmalt districts, so that they should
form one constituency. The hon. gentleman's motion, however, ho found to
be out of repair, and after the committee
had waited for some time for blm to fix
it, Mr. Sword wrote out another but
simpler ono to tho same effect,and movod
it.
Mr. Eberts spoko In justification of tho
representation allowed to bis district,
which ho showed contrasted very favorably in the matter of the rovenuo yielded
with those in tho Westminster district.
Hon. Mr. Vernon spoko In opposition
to the amendment. He dwelt upon tho
greater rolativo claim of tbe population
of Victoria and Esqulmalt districts to
representation, on tho ground that the
residents in these districts aro substantial men of tho best class who havo made
their homos permanently hero, whilo in
other districts with more namos upon the
voters' lists tho population Is more or less
shifting, as for instance in thoso Including the mining and logging camps.
Mr. Beaven spoke against tho amendment, on tlie ground that it would bo a
useless task to attempt to Improve tho
bill in this fashion.
The amendment was put and lost.
With respect to the provision for tho
appointment of collector of votes, Hon.
Mr. Davie explained tho necessity for
some better system than the present ono
of registering voters, in order to prevent
the impersonation of absentees whose
names continue on the rolls, the duplication of names and duplicate voting and
similar abuses which have occurred in
the past. The precautions taken aro
such as to make it as near as possible
certain that no person not entitled to it
shall have his name upon tho list, that
no name shall be repeated, and that
everyone entitled to a vote may by a
simpio process make sure that his name
is on the roll.
The clauses providing for the making
up of the voting list and otherwise giving effect to the act, wero adopted with
minor amendments suggested by members on both sides. The penalties for
making wilfully false statements in respect of application to bo placed upon
tho list, were at the solicitation of tho
Opposition reduced to a line of not less
than $25 and not more than ��100, and
two months' imprisonment, in placo of
850, $500 and six months, as originally
provided.
The committee then rose and reported
progress.
Hon. Col. Baker introduced a bill to
amend the public school act.
Bill read a first timo.
The House adjourned at 11.35 p.m.
FKENCH GLOVE TRADE.
THE GREAT INDUSTRY OF GRENOBLE,
NEAR PARIS, FRANCE.
Nearly Ten Million Kid. Slain Annually
for* the Manufactory���Some Other Htnrt-
litilf Figures -Thi, Employees Are Mostly
Women���The Conditions of Work.
At Grenoble, near Paris. France, 1. ���
200,000 dozen pairs of gloves are manufactured annually, This represents n
value of |7,000,000 to (7,800,000, and
gives employment to 25,11110 workpeople
of both soxes. France produces a certain
quantity of useful skins, hut as now
everybody wears gloves, the Alps of
Dauphiuy could never nourish enough
kids and lambs to supply the demand,
even that of Grenohle, Only kids and
Iambs furnish glovo Bkins, the first
about ninety-five per cent of the whole
quantity. As regards other animals,
tliey have never covered any person's
hands, and when you seo the sign "dogskin gloveB," to designate a certain kind
for riding and driving, accept my word
for it that the merchant is taking advantage of your blissful ignorance.
Kids must be killed when still at milk,
otherwise their skins are only fit for
making boots and shoos. Only vory
small goats can, therefore, be used, and
from each skin not more than three
gloves can be obtained. To produce the
1,200,000 dozen pairs that Grenoble
alone manufactures no fewer than 9,000,-
00o bleating little victims have to bo
killed yearly. The reason why Grenoble
takes the lead over any other town in
the glove industry is less on account of
the number of goats reared thereabouts
than it is to the special quality of tho
waters of that city for dyeing the skins.
Dauphiny dyers have reached a perfection in coloring which cannot perhaps
be realized elsewhere. The current card
of a gloveinaker comprises 300 different
tints, and everyday consumers demand
novelties which must bo turned out after
any sort of sample.
On their arrival in a factory the skins
are submitted to an examination that is
very important. Employes look at them
one after the other, and decide by the
grain, the fineness and quality of resistance, what kind of color each ought to
receive, and it is ticketed accordingly. I
should have to be very technical to tell
you why certain skins color best with
certain tints, and will reserve myself for
those which are for black  kids.    They
��������������� mo . j. ... .a winch by cue Hum
idity of tueir stalls have contracted
pimples, and these leave marks on the
leather which prevent the even distribution of light dyes. When tiiey come
from the vat they have their beauty
marred by spots very much like those
njrly spots we see on some human faces.
In dyed blacks those marks uo not show,
mid this is whv young goats which
havo imperfections serve to furnish
gloves for mourning purposes.
Before this, though, it had beon de-
cided whether the glove is to be a glazed
or a swede glove; for, though theso two
sorts appear so different to the touch,
they are, in fact, identical, except that
the first are worn just as the animal
woro the skin���that is to say, the exterior is the hairy side-while with the
suede the skin is'turned and the hair, or
"flower side." to use a term of tlie trade,
is in contact with the baud. The
skins which were sent to the dyers
are returned for cutting. Now they
undergo a much more delicate sorting, this time by the foreman,
who decides how many gloves
of this or that side can be got out of
each, and tliey go to their workmen,
who must cut according to the measurements indicated. Now the skin is in
tlie hands of the glover and is ready for
tiio "dolage." This is to shave the skin
with a very sharp blade, so as to give it
tho minimum of thickness with the
lunximutn of flexibility. This is such a
delicate operation that, before proficiency can be obtniuod, at least two
years' apprenticeship is required. The
most expert workmen cannot dole more
than six skins au hour. The process
adopted for glazed gloves is exactly the
reverse of that for suedes.
You would perhaps think that some
men would be employed to do the
"dolage" only, and all others to do the
rest of the work, but it is better that all
glovers should prepare their own skins,
as they thus learn the resources of each;
hence the dolers do the "depecage"���
that is to say, stretch tho skins in both
length and breadth to ascertain their full
elasticity. After this the uext process
is called the "etavillonage, or the putting of the same skin, now divided into
squares of desired lengths, on a oard
board model which represents A flat
hand almost precisely. This ends the
work of the glover and cutter. Formerly, with a pair of scissors, he had to
clip the skins off at the edge of the frame
and cut out the fingers. But Jouvin
Xavier found a way, a sort of punching
process, by which, with one blow of the
baton, four or five pairs can be cut at
the same time. This is the only mo
chnnical contrivance used in kid glove
making.
Now the gloves are packed in boxes
nnd sent to different parts of tho mountain districts, whero contractors receive
nnd distribute tbem among a considerable number of sewing women.
It would seem as though constant
caressing of tlie soft, pliant skin of little
mountain kids bus produced an affinity
between their bauds aud tho material on
which they work, a' most assuredly
no duchess ever had lovelier hands ilian
these little female bread winners. Each
girl or woman sits hefore a sewing-ma
chine run by steam; a simple touch of
the foot puts it in motion or stops it.
One woman fastens tlie finger suills, another the pieces of leather uniting them,
a third puts ou tbo thumb sheath and a
fourth stitches tho back of the glove.
Counting up all tbo processes to sew one
pair, it takes twelve hours to complete
a dozen pair of four-button kitls, nverage
size; and the different cuttings require
an equal length of time, consequently
there are two hours of hard word in the
production of each pair.
But the work is not yet finished.
There are plenty of large houses where
the stitching is tested by a sort of glove
stretcher, and where all those soiled or
presenting imperfections are placed to
one side, and then comes the packing.
In short, from the time the skins leave
tho tanner up to the moment when they
pass into possession of the purchaser
each pair of gloves goes through nearly
200 hands, or thereabouts.
Glove-making represents a prosperous industry, for there is no slack season
and the number of operatives U usually
below the real demand.���Henry Hayne,
In Chicago Herald. ���
To Cure Pedal Ills.
Very few women who have attained
years of discretion are free from corns
and kindred ills. These are invariably
the result, of badly fitting shoes, either
too large or too small. To cure them
one of tlie first steps is to remedy the
cause of the trouble. Shoes should be
purchased whicli bind the feet in no
place and whicli nre us soil us is consis
lent witli use. Thoy may look a lillle
loss beautiful than the narrow, pointed
binding affairs  Whioh seem tile Heine ol
loveliness to the badly-trained eye, hut
tiio apparent loss is more than coinpen
sated tor by the improvement In the appearance of the foot itself, Along wlili
the ohaugeliu tbe stole of shoe, the corns,
Ingrowing nails and the like should be
treated. Soft corns should be wrapped
every night and morning in a piece of
linen wei witli turpentine, This will
soon cause them to disappear,   Pormore
serious pedal illsu chiropodist should be
consulted.
As often as possible, it is a good thing
to go barefooted. In one's own room
sometimes one may for an hour or so
treat the feet to the luxurv of an air
bath, and, noxt to the water Imth, nothing is more satisfying to tired, hot feet.
The foot bath in water should be a daily
rite. Not only the feet but ull the body
is rested and refreshed by it. After exposure to cold or dampness the feet
should be rubbed with alcohol, and, Indeed, the alcohol bath onco a week or so
is an excellent thing, even for feot that
have not been exposod.
it pays the farmer to give them wet
feed in abundance rather than dry. But
if feed is expensive, and every pound is
a loss unless great gain is obtained, a
less liberal feeding on partly dry feed
would result more profitably.
One Of the Queen's Kecentrlcitles.
One of the English Queen's little vagaries is a dislike for the smell of furs;
she never wears theni herself, which is
all very well. But neither will she permit anyone else to wear them when
driving with her. As an invitation to
go to rido with her is equivalent to a
command, and as another little queenly
vagary is a fondness for an open carriage
in all seasons, the unhappy recipients
of her invitations feel like making their
wills before starting on a pleasure drive
with their sovereign.
GREAT - BARGAINS
An AiiHtmilan Plan.
The "Gospel Push Cart," a little portable chapel lighted by electricity, and
moved about by three men or a horse,
is coming into use in Australia. It is
eight feet long, four feet wide and six
feet high, It is carpeted and has chairs
and an organ, while one side can be let
down, forming a platform.
The Difference.
When a simpleton wants to get well,
he buys something "to take;" a philosopher gets something "to do;" and it is
owing to tho,circumstance that the latter has been in a minority almost undis-
tinguishable in all nations and ages, that
doctors are princes instead of paupers;
live like gentlemen, instead of cracking
rooks for the turnpike.
Whero It Belongs.
There is a great deal of poetry in
nature���and we should be all the better
off If the poetasters would only leave is
there.���Somerville Journal.
GOING  ON AT
Sinclair <fe Go's
BEST   EVER
-OFFERED   IN
THE    CITY
Opposite Tramway Office, ColiMa Street.
Stallions for Sale.
For Sale, two thoroughbred Clydesdale
Stallions, weighing about 1,700 pounds
each. Will bo sold on easy terms. For
further particulars apply to
LOUIS CARLIN,
Mount Aernon, Wash.
Estray Horses.
Strayed into the premises 'if the undersigned in the month of December
last, one gray gelding and one bay mare.
The owner is hereby required to call and
prove property, pay expenses and take
the animals away.
W. J. ROBINSON,
Cloverdale, Surroy.
Cloverdale, March 6, 1894.
t
-AT-
Mcdonald bros.
Best Hungarian Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Best Oregon Flour, $1.10 per sack.
Best Ceylon Tea, 35 cents per lb.
Granulated Sugar, 20 lbs., $1.
Yellow Sugar, 21 lbs., $1.
Currants, 15 lbs., $1.   Raisins, 15 lbs. $1
Japan Rice, 18 lbs. $1.    Beans, 4c. por lb
Tomatoes, 10 tins, $1.
Corn, Peas, and Beans, 11 tins, $1.
American Coal Oil, $1.60.
Corn Starch, 10 cents per lb.
Bird Seod, 10 conts per lb.
Milk, 15 cents per tin.
Sago, 0 cts. per lb.   Tapioca, G cts. per lb
Pickles, 20 cents per bottle.
Worcestershire Sauce, 20 cts. per bottlo.
Blue Point Oysters, 20 cents per tin.
Colman's Mustard, 25 cents por tin.
Pearlino, fi lbs., $1.
Fresh Ground Coffee, 25 cents per lb.
Prunes, 12 lbs., $1.
Ev. Apricots, 6 lbs., tl.
Balance of Crockery and Glassware at
a sacrifice.
All  other goods at equally low prices.
tST Cash must accompany all orders.
720 Columbia street,
New Westminster, B. C.
Estray Steer.
Strayed into tbo promises of tho undersigned, on or about 1st Decomber
last, a red and whito steer. Tho owner
is hereby notified to provo property, pay
expenses, and tako the animal away.
STEVENSON BROS.
Jan. 13, '94. Elgin, B. C.
Corner of Columbia & McXenaie Sts.,
NEW WESTMINSTER.
CAPITAL, all paid up, $12,000,000
REST,   -    -    -   6,000,000
A Savings  Bank
Department
Has  been  oponed   in   connection   with
this Branch.
Merest Allowed at Current Rates.
At present three and om-halfper c.nt.
GEO.  D.   BRYMNER,
Manager.
taiii.
To Contractors.
Ilou   Ki|i.rlin��nt..
Two important experiments with
feeding hogs have been made, fine was
at our experiment farm at Ottawa, and
the question considered was whether
warm or cold feed is tho best. Tho re
si.Its of the experiment seemed to show
Hint cooking the food for the hogs was
not profitable. In thu experiments peas
aud small grain were fed raw and cold,
and also the same amount  warinod by
suom.   In Bulletin 92 of the Minnesota
���ution the question of wet or dry feed
for hogs has been considered. Hogs (ire
such greedy creatures that thoy ar�� In
rlla-d to swallow their food so r��utdly
th*t it is not mixed properly with the
saliva. In tho case of dry i'ood thiH is
impossible, but. a great deal uf their wet
feed is thus taken into tho stomach.
The wet feed, however, is BO much more
attractive to the hogs that they will eat
a grunt, deal more than of dry feed, and
as they digest must of it. they gain inure
off such feud.    Whore hog feed is cheap
SEALED TENDERS, endorsed "Tender,'' will bo received by tho Honourable tin?Chief Commissioner of Lands
and Works up to 1 o'clock p, m., of
Tuesday, Otli March next, for tho erection of a Provincial Home for Aged
Persons at Kamloops.
Plans and specifications can be seen,
and forms for tender obtained, at the
ollice of R. MacKay Frlpp, Esq., Archi-
toct,   Vancouver,  at   the  Government
Ollice at Kamloops, and   at   tlie oflico of
the undersigned.
The lowest or any tender will not
necessarily be accepted.
W. S. OORE,
Deputy Commissioner Lands ct Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, Oth Ftbruary, 1804.
F
W.E.FALES.
L
E
S
THE LEADING UNDERTAKER!
OPEN   DAY   AND   NIGHT.
Telephone 176. Corner of
P.O. Box 58. Agnes * MeKenzie Sts.
After Feb, 1st,
tt
will be found in the Store next to Tramway oflice, lately occupied by
Davidson Bros.
Best   and   Largest
Stock in Town.
Any   Style  of  Jewelry
made to order.
f.r We make a specialty of repairing
.Chronographs, Repeaters, and all line
' and complicated watches.
Orders by mall solicited.
JOHN  D.  BENNETT,
New Westminster
CASH TALKS,
WHEN YOU ARE BUYING
n COOKING,     *      0
^ HEATING
<jAND
PARLOUR
T
I H
s,
���CALL AT-
H SHIRLEY |>
& HOY'S, 2
i H
!   Dupont Block, Columbia St. .
ALEX.McRAE
MERCHANT TAILOR,
ColiBa Street, New Westminster.
THE  OLD RELIABLE HOUSE.
OOOD  STYLE,
OOOD FIT,
OOOD WOBK,
OOOD  FABRICS.
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VANCOUVER ISLAND.
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islands legally held may be laid over*
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until the 1st day of June, 18U4.
F. G. VERNON,
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Victoria, B. C. 8th December, 1893.
WE SELL FOR CASH ONLY.
"Fire Insurance Policy Act, 1893."
NOTICE is hereby  given  that  His
Honor  tho  Lieutenant-Governor
In Council has named the
1ST DAY OF APRIL, 1894,
in lieu of the 1st day of January, 1894,
as the dote upon which "An Act to secure Uniform Conditions in Policies of
Fire Insurance," shall come into force.
JAMES RAKER,
Provincial Socrotary.
Provincial Secretary's Oflice,
20th Decomber, 1893.
ELECTORAL DISTRICTS OF WESTMINSTER, NEW WESTMINSTER
CITY, AND VANCOUVER CITY.
NOTICE is hereby given that Assessed
and Provincial Revenue Taxoi,
for tho year 1894, are now due and uay-
ablo at my ollice, Court House, New
Westminster, at the following rates :���
If paid on or before. 30th June :
One-half of one por cont. on tbo
assessed valuo of real estate.
Two per cont. on  the assessed valu
of wild land.
One-third of ono por cent, on the
assessed valuo of personal property.
One-half of ono per cent, on the In-
coino of every person of SI,.lot)
or ovor.
If paid on or after 1st July :
Two-thirds of ono  por cent, on the
assessed value of roal property.
Two and ono-half per cont. on tho
assessed valuo of wild land.
One-half of ono per cent, on tho assessed value of personal property
Three-quarters of one per cent, on
the income of overy person of
$1,500 or over.
Provincial Revenue Tax, $3 per capita
(New Westminster and Vancouvor Cities'
excepted).
All parties whose taxes aro In arrears-
up to 31st Docembor, 1893, aro requested
to pay the samo forthwith, or costs will
bo incurred at an early date.
All taxes due on property In thoTown-
sites of Hastings, Port Moody, Mission
City, Abbotsford and Huntingdon are
also payablo to
E. L. KIRKLAND,
Assessor and Collector for the Electoral Districts of Westminster, New Westminster
City and Vancouver City.
New Westminster, Jan. 10th, 1894. 6
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About National Ain.
The national airs of great countries
are short, while those of little countries
���re long. "Uvd Save the Queen" is
fourteen barn, the Russian hymn is sixteen bars, and "Hail Columbia" has
twenty eight bars. Siam's national
hymn has seventy-six bars and that of
Uruguay seventy, Chili's forty six and
so on. San Marino has the longest
national hymn, ex< eut China's, which is
so long mat people take half a day oil
to listen to it.
Jim Goddart's Promise.
CHAPTER t
"Yes, thev are both down with the fever, Jiin���both father and sweetheart���
and a pretty smart touch of it, too, I
fancy. 1 met Miss Pert just now in the
street. She could speak to me today fast
enough when she wanted something," and
Miss Belle Sutton, the buxom barmaid
who presided over the canteen at Ku-
randa camp, tOBsed her befrizzled head
detiantlv; "and she told me so and asked
me if there was a doctor in the camp,
and when I told her the nearest doctor
was at Cronje, four hours' ride off, she
had the cheek to ask me to tell her of
some one who would go to bring him.
Fan T that, Jim, and on Christmas eve,
of all nights in the year!"
"What did you say?"
"I laughed at her of course. 'I don't
think the boys would stir out of camp for
any one tonight,' I said, 'and certainly
not for people like you, who treat everybody like the dust under your feet, and'
are too high and mighty and virtuous to
associate with any of ns poor sinners!* 1
had her there, eh, Jim?"
"Decidedly, my dear. If to lore yonr
neighbors is a Christian maxim, to hate
yonr enemies is one of an equally meritorious character, besides being indefinitely more attractive to the carnal mind,
and people who profess to be better than
their neighbors are one's natural one- j
mies," Jim replied placidly. "And what
did Miss���Miss Pert say to that?"
"Oh, she looked at me ont of her great
saucer eyes, and her lips twitched as if
she were going to cry���great baby-
then, 'Do yon really mean that there is
no one in all the camp with sufficient
humanity to help two sick, perhaps dying mon and a helpless girl?' she said.
'rl hat's just as you like to put it, my
lady,' I says. 'You've held yourself
aloof from us all and looked down upon
us, and now you'll find you can't drop j
and pick us up again and use us just |
when you think fit. You haven't a friend
in the camp now.' She didn't say anything to tli...��� just colored up and tossed
lier head and walked away. I guess she
didn't like to hear the plain truths. By
the way. Jim, 1 didn't think of you. You
used to be a great friend of theirs at one
time."
"Aye, I was when they first came to
the camp," Jim replied in his lazy, reflective voice, "before they knew mo intimately. When they thoroughly understood tho high toned, exalted nature of
my character, they were content to admire it nnd me from a distance. Give
me another whisky, Belle."
Belle laughed as she refilled the empty glass. She glanced with admiring
eyes at Jim Ooddart as he leaned against
the doorpost, looking meditatively down
the straggling row of wooden shanties
and tents of which the camp consisted
and on which the sunset light was shining. She laughed and went on with her
idle chatter, and Jim answered mechanically now and then, but he scarcely
heard what she said. He was looking
intently toward a clnmp of trees just
outside the camp, under which, by the
side of a wagon, a tent was pitched.
Within that tent he knew the two men
of whom Belle had spoken lay stricken
by the terrible fever which a few weeks
before had wrought fearful havoc in the
little camp. They were lying thero suffering perhaps���for he knew the deadly
nature of the fever too well���dying, and
the girl who was tho daughter of one
man and promised wife of the other was
watching by them alone. Somehow,
though Jim tried to harden his heart, he
did not liko to think of it; to picture the
blue eyes which had onco smiled so frankly and sweetly into his own, dimmed
with tears, aching with long hours of
anxious vigil; to imagine that sunny
head bowed under the burden of anxiety.
Ho tried to turn his thoughts to other
subjects, but they went back persistently to the timo when Mr. Clifton and his
daughter Lois nnd her lover, Frank Wy-
verne, first came to tho camp. He had
made their acquaintance and had been
of somo slight service to them on the first
evening of their arrival, and they, attracted hy the pleasant, courteous manner which Jim could assume at will, had
mado him welcome to their shanty. He
recalled the pleasant evening he had
spent thero, the afternoons when he had
returned earlier than usual from work,
and as ho passed the Clif tons'shanty had
lingered under the trees where Lois generally passed the afternoon with her
work or book, and spent a pleasant time
with her alone. Those quiet tete-a-tetes
hnd been very sweet to him, perilously
sweet, considering that Lois was the
promised wife of another man, and that
even if she had been free she could never
be anything to him���as well expect the
millennium to come at once and the lion
to lie down with the lamb as expect Loia
���sweet, innocent Lois���to mate with one
like him, Jim told himself savagely.
. For a week or ton days the friendship,
which was so pleasant to all, but especially so to Lois and Jim, had continued,
and then one day Mr. Clifton had gono
to his daughter and told her gravely and
decidedly that it must cease; that a man
who bore the reputation which Jim God-
dart had earned for himself, even in a
place where tho standard of morality
was not pitched unduly high, was no fit
friend for her. 'jjf   $0���**
i  Lois was too much in awe of her father to rebel or to make any open re
monstrance, and when she ventured to
speak to her lover on the subject and
found that he held the same views as her
father she reluctantly submitted to the
stern decree which bade her regard Jim
Goddart as a stranger. She deserted her
seat under the trees, and the next time
they met and he stopped to speak to her
she had hurried on with a slight bend of
her head and flushed cheeks and averted
eyes.
Jim had looked after her and had first
sworn a deep oath to himself and then
laughed harshly, but he was not the man
to force his presence where it was unwelcome���he could take a hint as well as
any one���so he came no more to the
shanty, and on the few occasions when
he met Lois had passed her with a distant, courteous bow.
It was better so, be told himself. Sometimes in lier presence he was tempted to
forget that he was what he had made
himself; to forget that dark time of
youthful folly, that moment of madness
which had spoiled his life and brought
his father's curse upon his head; to forget, all this and the wild, reckless life to
which it had been the prelude. Lois was
no lit company for him. Like must mate
with li ko. Let him keep to his own kind.
His place was in the bar, with the noisy
rovelera who crowded there after working hours were over to drink and gamble,
not under the soft starlight by the side
of that dove eyed girl, with her sweet
face and her low voice.
But though he had told this to himself
and had determined to put her altogether
out of his life and memory, to go back to
his old lifo and friends and to be content with Miss Belle Sutton's society, his
efforts had not been quite so successful
us be could have wished, and now the
unexpected news which Belle had given
him had raised a tumult of mingled emotion in his mind.
"Well, aren't yoa going down to offer
your services to Miss Pert, Jim? She'll
be ready enough to welcome yon now, in
spite of the cold shoulder she's turned to
yon lately," she said.
Jim looked at her blandly and smiled.
"I dare say she would," he said slowly.
"I guess I'll give her the chance anyhow," Jim answered in his cool voice,
and then he took np his hat and putting
it on turned to the door. "By the way,
Belle, have you any drinkable 'fizz' left?
I don't mean the fiery decoction you sell
to the boy s, but any of that case I brought
back with me the last time I went to
Maritzburg?"
"I believe there are two or three bottles."
"Hand a conple over then."
Jim tucked the champagne under his
arm, and with a careless nod and a supreme disregard of Miss Belle's an ry
looks, which exasperated her afresh,
went out of the bar and walked quickly
down the stroet till he reached the Clifton's shauty. The door stood open, and
he paused, and unseen by the pale
watcher who sat by her father's bed
sponging his burning hands and brow
with cool water and listening to his incoherent mutterings looked on for a moment in silence, then gently tapped at
the door.
Lois started and turned suddenly
round; then as she recognized the newcomer a hot crimson blush flamed into
her pale cheek, and into the blue eyes a
curious light of hope and relief and confusion leaped up as she looked eagerly at
him.
"Mr. Goddartl Oh, it is really youl"
she said, and at the surprise and delight
in her voice all the bitterness and hardness died suddenly out of Jim's heart.
He put the champagne carefully on the
table and took the timidly off ere 1 hand.
LOIS   8TABXBD    AND    TURNED    SUDDENLY
BOUND.
"Yes. I only heard half an hour ago
that you were in trouble," he said kindly. "I came to see if I could be of any
ubo or do anything for you."
"Use! Oh, I think you have come just
in time to save me from despair," Lois
cried in her sweet, impetuous voice, and
she looked up at him with tears of relief
and gratitude in her eyes. "Not five
minutes ago I was hopeless. I told my- |
self I hadn't a friend in the camp���not a
soul to help me���and that they"���and she
pointed first to her father and then to
the opposite corner of tho shanty, where
her lover lay in a heavy stupor which
was more like unconsciousness than
sleeps���"would die because I could not
get a doctor or medicine for tbem. I
thought that no one cared what became
of us, and yet at that very moment you
were thinking of me���coming to help
met You of all people! Oh, I don't deserve it," and then she took his brown
hand in both her own and looked up at
him with such a sweet gratitude and delight in her eyes that only by a great effort Jim restrained himself and succeeded in crushing back the fierce desire to
take her in his arms and kiss her quivering lips which sprang np in his heart
and almost overmastered him.
Perhaps Lois read something of it in
tho eager eyes which looked down at
her, for she dropped his hand and colored vividly.   Jim gave an odd laugh.
"Hush! We'll let bygones bo bygones,"
he said hastily. "Only tell me one thing.
It was not���your own wish? If you had
had your own way, our���friendship
might have continued?"
' 'Yes." She colored again and drooped
her eyes,   "It was not my own wish.   X
was very sorry," she faltered.
Jim's face grew radiant.       B����. ..
"That is all I wanted to know," he
said. ' 'Now tell me���when did the fever
begin?   How long have they been ill?"
"Father hod been ailing for a few days,
but we���Fred and I ���did not feei
alarmed about him until this morning,
and then Fred was too ill himself to go
for a doctor," Lois answered, "and I did
not know what to do."
"You should have Bent for me."'
"I did not like to do so. I saw that girl
from the canteen this morning, and I
asked her if there was any one who would
go, but"	
"I know. Never mind her insolence,
Loi��." Jim said quickly. "I'll po myself
presently, but first you must take aglaBS
of champagne and something to eat. I
dare say," and he looked at her inquiringly, "you haven't had anything today,
eh?"
"No, I was too anxious and unhappy
to eat," Lois answered, with a faint
smile.
She sat down to the table and obediently ate the food he placed before her
and drank the wine he poured out with
a liberal hand, while he stood and leaned
up against the door and watched with
quiet satisfaction as the color came back
to her pale cheeks and the strained look
died out of her eyes.
"There, you feel fit now," he said kindly, "and now I'll get a horse and go for
the doctor at once, Fortunately it will
be moonlight. You understand it will be
some time before the doctor can arrive.
It is a good four hours' ride to Cronje,
and that's the nearest place where I can
get one, bo you must not be anxious or
uneasy if we are longer than you expect,
If you'll promise me that, I'll promise
the doctor shall be here before daybreak."
"I will do my best," Lois answered.
She followed him outside tbe shanty,
and as, with a nod and smile and a
cheery "that's right, keep np your heart,"
he was turning from her abs put her
hand gently on his arm.
"Oh," she said softly?'"! sou io glad
that yon came, that you forgave mel
How can I thank you?"
Jim started. At the touch of those
white fingers every nerve in his body
thrilled with sudden ecstasy and delight.
His strong hand closed tightly over hers
as he looker1 down at her. She wore a
loose, white gown, which was tied round
her slim waist and fell round her in soft,
straight folds to the ground. The sunshine streamed upon her yellow head
and flashed a strango radiance into her
beautiful face. Jim's eyes flamed with
fierce desire and love as he looked down
at her. Again the mad longing to take
her in his arms and feel her heart beating against his heart, the touch of her
lips against his own, came over him, and
this time he did not as before resist it.
"Shall I toll you how to thank me?"he
said in a low, passionate voice. "You
don't think I am going for their sakes,
do you? It is for you���because I love
you, because I would give my life to
serve youl So���give me one kiss���just
one little kiss, Lois!"
She started, gave him a quick look.
She colored painfully, then paled again,
and Jim felt the band on which his own
was clasped grow suddenly cold and
rigid. She did not shrink from him, oi
make any remonstrance, or give the indignant denial that he had half expected. She stood before him as perfectly
still and motionless as a statue, but
when, emboldened by her silence, he
bent his head to kiss her, she raised her
eyes again and looked at him with such
an intense reproach and wonder that he
paused suddenly and drew back from
her.
"Since that is the reward you ask, take
it," she said, with a cold disdain in her
voice that stung Jim keenly, "but remember I give it for their sakes," and
she glanced back into the shanty; "only
for theirsl Take it, if you will, only
make haste and���go," and she raised hei
fair head and looked straight into hia
eyes and held up a pale, cold cheek for
his kiss.
Jim's color rose, and hia eyes fell under
that look. All at once he realized how
base and degrading was the thing which
he had asked; what a poor and contemptible creature he must seem to her. He
dropped her hand suddenly.
"I never took a kiss yet from unwilling
lips���I won't begin now," be muttered,
and turned away and left ber.
Lois stood and looked after him with a
strange expression in her blue eyes, with
a Btrange tumult of feeling agitating her
gentle heart. Anger was there, and pity,
and a strange delight, and all wero mingled with a vague self reproach and
shame.
By and by she heard the sound of a
horse's feet, and moved by a sudden impulse she went to the door just as Jim
rode past. He did not pause, but took
off his hat and bowed low in his saddle.
"Keep up your courage. I promise
you the doctor shall be here by daylight,"
he said gayly, and Lois smiled and waved
her hand, and then, feeling ch'eered and
comforted by that parting assurance, she
went back ond resumed her lonely vigil.
''CHAPTER n.   v^i-.-,.
Late though it was, lights were still
burning in many of the houses, when,
shortly before midnight, Jim Goddari
rode into Cronje.
Jim dismounted at the door of the principal hotel, and giving his horse into the
care of the Kaffir groom ordered two
fresh horses to be saddled at once and
asked where the doctor's residence was.
He received the gratifying intelligence
that he was at that very moment in the
hotel, where, so he was further informed,
a ball in honor of a wedding which had
taken place that morning was being held.
The doctor came into the bar, where
Jim was leaning against the counter
drinking a glass of brandy and exchanging compliments with the pretty barmaid, and looked sharply at him.
"Well, what is it?" hesaid impatiently.
Jim took off his hat and bowed courteously and explained his errand, and
asked the doctor to accompany him at
once to Kuranda.
"To Kurandal" The little doctor looked more annoyed and dismayed.  "fWhyj
that's a good four hours' ride from here,"
he said. "Look here, I'll give you some
I medicine now and ride over in the morning. An hour or two can't make much
difference.   I really can't go now.*
Jim looked at him.
"I think you can," he said blandly. "I
really think that, on second thought,
you will find it advisable to reconsider
your determination! You are a stranger
here, I believe, but it is possible you may
have heard my name mentioned. I am
Jim Goddart, at your service."
"Jim Goddartl"
The little doctor was naturally as little of a coward as most of his profession,
but he was fresh from peaceful, law abiding England, and had not altogether lost
his inherited prejudices in farvor of law
nnd order, and since he came to Cronje
i oe had heard too much of the wild, law-
j less ways of the diamond diggers, and
! especially of Jim Goddart, to regard with
much complacency the prospect of a midnight ride along with him.   But still less
' did he like the idea of refusing to accompany him,
"Very well," he said rather sullenly,
"since it's an urgent case I'll go."
"I thought you would," Jim said
suavely; "indeed I have already ordered
a horse for you. By the time you are
ready," and he glanced at the doctor's
dress suit and white tie and smiled grimly���how many years was it since Jim
himself had worn such a suit?���"it will
be round."
The night was very hot and oppressive, unusually so indeed, for in Natal,
however hot the days may be, the nights
are generally cool. The doctor remarked
upon this and wondered what the cause
of the unusual heat and the stifling, oppressive feeling that filled the air might
be. Jim, if he had felt disposed, could
have told him that the heat was probably caused by one of the grass fires common enough in that district during ths
hot weather, but he did not deem it
prudent to do so. By and by, however,
when they had ridden through a great
"bush" and emerged from the trees on
to the open veldt, the heat became still
more oppressive, and the cause of it was
soon apparent to' the doctor, for far off
across the veldt there came rolling along
a great cloud of smoke, lighted here and
there by darting tongues of flame, and
behind the smoke a lurid light, whioh
was not the light of'the coming sunrise,
glowed in the eastern sky.
The doctor checked hia hone with an
exclamation of alarm.
"Look, look!" he cried, and pointed
with his whip across the veldt.
Jim nodded imperturbably.
"Yes, bit of a grass fire," he said composedly. "They are common enough in
the dry seasons; Kaffirs, and white men,
too, for that matter, are such careless
beggars. They think nothing of flinging
a lighted match or a firebrand among the
grass, and then there's a flareup, as you
see. Come on, man; don't stand staring
at it," he added impatiently.
But the doctor pulled his horse's head,
sharply round.
"No; I am going back," he said.
"Nonsense, nian; there's no dangerl
We can reach the ford long before that
overtakes us, and the nearer we get to
tlie river the lees the danger, for the
ground is sandy, and there's less for the
flames to feed on.   Come along."
"Not I; I am going back," the doctor
said resolutely.
"No, you are not."
Jim put his hand on the doctor's
bridle and jerked the horse round again.
His face had grown very set and grim.
Under his dark brows his blue eyes looked at his companion full of a cold, relentless determination.
"I promised her tb'u you should be
there before daybreak, and you shall if
we have to ride through that hell for it,"
he said between his clenched teeth.
"I won't, I tell you. Take your hand
away I" the doctor cried, and he struck
at Jim's hand wildly with hia riding
whip.
"And I say you shall," and then in an
instant Jim's hand had gone to his
pocket, and the doctor felt the touch of
j cold steel against his forehead. "Take
i your choice, man," the inexorable voice
said, "ride on or"��� and the steel
touched his brow again.
"I'll go.   Take that away," the doctor
said sullenly, and Jim smiled and slid
j the revolver into his pocket again,
"There's no real danger, man. Fortunately there's no wind. We shall reach
the ford long before that overtakes us,"
he said composedly. "Only don't fool
away any moro timo hero."
For somo time they rode on quickly
and in silence, tho doctor casting anxious,
I perturbed looks toward the cloud of
smoke that camo rolling across the veldt
, toward them, but Jim's composed face
and perfect calmness slightly reassured
him. Perhaps there was no danger, no
real danger, and, as Jim had said, they
would reach the ford before the fire overtook them. Just as this comforting
thought passed through his mind his horse
swerved suddenly, caught its foot in a
hole and fell, throwing the doctor to the
ground. He was not hurt and was on
his feet in an instant, but when, with
Jim's assistance, he proceeded to raise
the horse he found to his alarm and dismay that the poor beast's leg was broken.
He looked down at Jim, who was passing his hand gently dpwn the injured
limb, with a wild terror iu hia eyes.
mi PUT HIS HAND ON THE DOCTOR'S BBI-
DUt AND JEKKED TEE H0R8E ROUND. d��fy
NEW   WBSTMIVST   ft,   BRITISH   COLUMBIA,   MARCH, 10, 1894;
"Curse you, this is your fault!" he
cried ��� nvn; ely. "You forced me to ride
on���to n.y leathl" and he shuddered and
loci::������; wildly at the advancing fire.
"Cheer up, man. If one of us two has
to die. ifBliull not be you anyhow. Here"
���he pointed to his own horse���"mount
at once."
"What's the use? She won't carry
double!" tbe doctor cried despairingly.
"It will only be throwing away two lives
instead ol one."
"No, she won't carry double, but she'll
carry you safe enough." Jim answered
coolly. "You know the way, don't you?
You said you'd been to the camp before."
"But 1 have���no right to accept such a
sacrifice," the doctor faltered.
Jim frowned snd stared at him and
then laughed grimly.
"You," he said, "yon? Why, you fool,
do you tliiuk I care a hang whether you
live or dS? 1 promised her," and ho set
Hs tech fiercely, "thai you ;.���...,��� .1 beat
the cairp by daybreak. I'll 1: y that
prom..its if���I die for itl So go uc once.
You can lull the boys where you loft me.
I shall i:i..S't'or tiie ford. If I don't turn
up, tell liioin to look for me there.
Monnt, I say," and then, as the doctor
hastily Hwiit'.'r himself in the saddle, he
struct l lie liors ��� s'liirply with his riding
whip ii:.'-.--. : bo liaak, and n reared and
phni :eil and bro! ������ i ito r, wii : -.; 111 op.
Jim looked after bim, threw off coat
and w . us nt and v.*c nt off at a steady,
swinging | ace across the veldt. He had
only gone a few paces, however, before
a sudden thought struck bim, nnd he
turned and ran hue's to where the poor
horse lay str . ��� [ling in pain and terror.
"A moment more or le. ������ can t mako any
difference," he said to himself, and then
he took out his revolver and shot the
horse through the Head,
The doctor beard the report and turned,
struck hy a new terror, expecting he
scarcely knew what, and wns relieved to
see Jim still running steadily behind.
He looked again and again as hia horse
flew onward���looked with ever increasing anxiety as tile cloud of smoke came
nearer and nearer, and the tall figure became lirst a Bpeck and thon lost in the
distance, and far away he saw with a
thankful neart the moonlight gleaming
on the qniet river.
CHAPTEB HL       *"-
The dawn was breaking when the doctor rode into camp. He aroused the
inmates of the first shanty he came to
and told his story, and quickly and silently horses were saddled, and half a
dozen men galloped out of camp in
search of their comrade. They found
him where he had bade them look for
hiin, on the river bank, lyin? unconscious below an overhangingroik, under
which ho had dragged himself for shelter, and rough, kind hands raised him
and carried him hack to camp. The fire
had overtaken him just before be reached
tbe batik. It had spared his face, but he
was terribly burned about the chest and
one arm and leg, nnd when he awoke to
consciousness again he awoke also to an
agony of pain. He was conscious by and
by in the midst of his torture of the entrance of a tall, while figure, who knelt
on tho door by his mile find, put a cool
hand on liis forehead and held some cooling drink to his parched lips, and with
nn effort he forced back a groan and
opened bis eyes nnd smiled at har.
"Yoa see, 1 kept my promise, Lois," he
said.
"Yes, yes, but at what cost!"
"Never mind the cost. He was in
time? Your father and Fred will recover?" he suid.
"Yes, thanks to you," Lois cried. "He
sayB that with care and proper treatment they will recover. They are both
asleep now," and then she glanced hurriedly ronnd tlie shanty.
They were alone, for the doctor, feeling that in.i presence was not required,
had stepped outside and was leaning
against the wooden wall smoking hi?
pipe. With a sudden impulse Lois bent
over tbe mattress. lier blue eyes, full
of a strango, beautiful light, looked
straight into and met Jim's in a long,
solemn gaze. What did each read there
in the other's eyes? What was the outspoken question that leaped np fiercely
and passionately in Jim's, the unspoken
answer which Lois';,'ave back in return?
No word was spoken, yet in that supreme moment of each life heart spoke
to hi art, and each understood without
the aid of words the o;ber'fl tl'.ou hts.
For one long moment tney looked at
each other, and then the blushes which
had dyed Lois' cheelcn faded away, and a
quii t. beautiful smile came into her face.
hlie boot her head lower, lower still, till
Jim felt her light breath ou his cheek,
a loosened tress of her hair touch his
brow.
"Jim," she said in a low voice full of
inexpressible tenderness and love, "you
would uot take tho kiss you asked for
yesterday becuuse I���was unwilling.
See, 1 give it to you now, dear, willingly, with all my heart," and she bent her
bend still lower, and their lips clung together in a long, silent kiss.
"Doctor, tell mo tiie truth,'' Jim said
late that evening when Lois, who had
gone to and from one shanty to the other
all tho day, had said good night and left
liim to the doctor's euro, "will ui.' arm
and leg over be any uso to mo again?
Shall I bo a cripple all my life? Come,
limn," ns the doctor hesitated, "speak
out. I tun not a child or a woman. ]
want to kiy""> tlno truth."
"It is impossible to tell nt present,"
tho doc j. ���insworod evasively, and Jim
gavo an  *'. smile.
"Ab, 1 understand," he said,
Ho did not speak again for somo time,
and tho doctor, fancying he was asleep
and being worn eut with his long ride
and want of rest, lay down on the mattress in the opposite corner of tho shanty.
By and by, however, hearing Jim groaning and tossing restlessly to and fro, be
rose again and asked if the pain was
worse.
"Aye, almost unendurable. Can't you
give me something to put mo out of this
torture?" Jim said impatiently., "Have
you not any morphia, or chloral, or anything tbat will give me a few hours'
sleep? I shall go mad before morning if
this goes on."
Tho doctor hesitated.
"I could give you a sleeping draft, but
I am afraid to doit," be said. "Your
nervous system has had a severe shock,
and your heart isn't overstrong to start
with. It might be dangerouB in its present state to give you anything of the
kind."
"Well, mix me a draft, anyhow; I
won't tako it if I can help it," jim said
impatiently, and the doctor, who was
half asleep, did so and placed it on the
box that stood by the bed and served as
a table.
"Don't take it if you carl possibly help
it, Goddart," he said, and Jim promised.
Jim thought of many things as he lay
awake through the long, slowly passing
hours ami longed for tbe day to break;
thought of the past and the future, of
his wild, reckless life, of lost opportunities, of sins forgotten until now, aud tlie
black record of thoee wiutud years rose
up beforo him, full of a terr: Ve reproach
and condemnation, Then from Uie \n t
his thoughts turned to the future, to the
question be had asked the doctor, to the
evasive answer he had received, Ji n
understood what lay behind that answer
as well as the doctor himself! A cripplu!
Jim Goddart, who had gloried iu ma
strength, wiio had never known a day's
illness in nil his IS years of life, a cripple! Lame and helpless, an object of
pity to a few, of ooniemptuous scorn to
others! A rripplo for lifel Better, oh,
far better, to have died out on I he vehlt;
nnd yet, if so, and if ho had died there
be would never have seen that look in
Lois' eyes, never felt the pressure of her
sweet lips on his own. Ali, that kiss,
that supremo moment of bliss, was
worth living for���nay, more, was worth
dying for, he told himselfl But what of
the future? They had been friends, but
tbey could never be mere friends again,
I
UNLIKE ENOCH AKDEN.
ROYALTY ANNOrtU bV  Uuum-tS.
A STORY OF FACT THAT EXCELS TENNYSON'S ROMANTIC FICTION.    _
- < \  VftlUll
../v.-";.'. v ffl   K
"TOO   81%   I  HAT!   Kim   MT  PROMDSB,
LOIS." HE RAID.
Ah, friendship between Lois and Jim
wasimpossiMo now. Tbey had touched
lips, they had read each other's hearts,
and life cor, Id never be quite the same
to them again.
Ho was to be a cripple, a helpless cripple for the rest of his lifel The thought
wna torturo to him. He could have
shrieked aloud in impotent rage and
pain as he tossed restlessly on his mat-
tri'ss, and bis wounds burned and throb-
bed afresh. Would the morning never
come? Would that sleeping log In the
opposite corner never wake? Then his
eyes fell nn the rude table by lu�� side,
and he s:i\v the draft which the doctor
had placed there before he slept.
"Don't take it unless you are absolutely compelled���it may be dimgerons."
he had said. Jim remembered the words
as he stretched out his uinnir.red arm
and took up the glass from the table.
Ho looked at it with an odd smile.
There was oblivion there for the present,
anyhow. Perhaps���who knows?���forever I
"I guess Til risk it," Jim said slowly,
and then he raised tho glass to his lips
and drank.
"Died in his sleep. Sudden failure of
the heart s action, not to be surprised at
under the circumstances."
Bo the doctor told the first anxious inquirer who came as soon as the dawn
broke, pule and weary with her long
vigil, to ask for news of the sufferer,
and then be added kindly, ns he saw the
deadly pallor that came into tho girl's
face, and the wild despair that flashed
into her sweet eyes at the words: "Better so. If ho had lived, he would have
suffered terribly and would probably
have been a cripple for the rest of his
life."
Lois looked at him with wild, dilated
eyes. She did not speak, but she motioned him to stand aside and allow her
to pass alono into the shanty. Noiselessly she crossed the floor ami stood by tho
bed and turned back the handkerchief
with wliich the doctor had covered the
dead liin's face. Calm, beautiful and
impressive, it lay back on the pillow
with cloned eyelids resting on the pule
cheeks, with the faint shadow of a smilo
lingering on the lips���the lips on wliich
ber kiss still restodl There was the look
on his fiico which Nature meant it to
wear, on whicli his mother's oyes had
rested with tender pride long years ago
���the loo.': of his lost youth and innocence. For a long time Lois stood and
looked at him in silence; then she bent
her head lower and lower till ber cheek
touched his cheek���till her warm, trembling lips rested on the irresponsive bps
in a long, farewell kiss.
"I am glad you knew!" she whirpered.
"Oh, I am glad you knew!"
Then she replaced tho handkarshief,
and drawing ber shawl closely over her
face went out with swift, noiseless steps
into tho cold, gray dawn.���Ail tlie Year
Hound.
What Did Uo Do?
"I suppose," said tlie armless wonder aB
he settled himself in his ehair on the platform in the museum, "that I was in one of
the most embarrassing situations last
Light Unit ever fell lo the lot uf an unfortunate man."
"How so?" inquired the Cuban giant,
scratching a match on the ceiling and lighting a cigarro a foot long.
"Well, I was going home at about mid-   j
night when a huge ruffian Stepped from behind a tree and told me to throw up my
hands."���Dei.roit Tribune.
The Hero's Memory Almost a Blank for
Eighteen Yean���Cold Greeting from HU
Wife���Dnromantlo Boding In the Mew
York Folioe Court.   -
When Enoch Arden came back after
his wandering he found his wife happily
married to another mau. Chivalrously,
he left her in ignorance of his return.
Charles Keicher, a good-looking, elderly
man, proved himself in York Court a
much different sort of Enoch. Keich-
er's story far outrivals that of the wandering hero of Tennyson's tale.
Keicher was summoned to appear before Justice Voorhis on complaint of his
wife, Phillipina, who accused him of annoying, threatening and abusing her.
Hhe was in court, accompanied by her
lawyer, and her friend, Mrs. Henry UI-
rich, who also figures in the story.
"I married my wife, Phillipina, in
1ST4," said Keicher, "and wo lived
together congenially for two years.
One day, sometime in,1876, I was riding
on the platform of a Third avenue car.
Somo one pushed me and I fell to the
ground. Tho next thing I remember
was to find myself in a hospital, what
one it was I do not recall. The attend
ants told me, but I can only say that it
was in New York City." Mr. Keichei
now became a little excited as bo warm,
ed to his tale. He glanced at his wife
and Mrs. TJ lrich. They both smiled contemptuously.
"I have but tho faintest recollection
at this point," continued Keicher.
"When next I came to my senses I was
in an institution in Chicago, surrounded by a corps of doctors. It was wintei
time then. A friend recognized me
there, who had known me before mj
marriage. When 1 was woll enough tc
travel ho took me witb him to Philadelphia. The next five years aro an ab
solute blank. I had sufficently regained
control of my faculties in 1S38 to re
member that I had at one time lived in
New York, and I thought that I hud a
wife in that city. So I came over here
one day. I had been a householder here,
too, but where the house was I could
not tell. I soon returned to Philadelphia, and as the years went by I became
stronger mentally and physically. 1
made trips to this city occasionally, and
my remembrance'of my past life gradually became more distinct.
"One day about four months ago I
saw Mrs. TJlrich on the street. Her
husband, Henry, had been my best
friend. I recognized her, and she knew
me. 'Why, I thought you were dead
years ago,' Bhe said. I asked her where
my wife was. She told me that she was
living in hor own house at No. 883 East
Twenty-fifth street, and was mourning
me as dead. She had not married again.
My friend Henry, Mrs. Ulrich's husband, I found had been dead for years.
I then went to my wife. She was dressed in mourning costume. I told her
that I was poor and in feeble health, and
that she should support me no w as I had
her in the old days. Her mother had
died some years ago and left her the
house in which she lived and several
thousand dollars besides. I asked her
where my bouse was and what had become of it. She told me that it was in
Ninety-ninth street, but that she hud
deeded it years ago to Henry Ulrich for
a debt which he claimed thut I had owed
him. She had also given Henry an old
watch of mine and some jewelery as
keepsakes."
"Jly wife told rae when I disappeared
she thought I had gone away with another woman. As time passed by Bhe
gave up the idea and put on mourning
We never had any children."
Mrs. Keicher and Mrs. TJlrich admitted that he had been away eighteen
years, and that in that time they had
never heard from him. Mrs. Keicher
woro mourning in court. All the love
whicli she ever bore her husband had
apparently vanished. She did not intend
to support him and she did not intend
to havo him continually annoying her.
Justice Voorhis asked Mrs. Ulrich if
she was willing to return the watch
and trinkets which she had received
from her husband and which originally
belonged to Keicher. She said that she
would do so. Keicher denied the right
of his wife to have deeded his Ninety-
ninth street property to Ulrich, and
said that the debt for which it bud been
given had been wiped out before 1S70.
Justice Voorhis turned the evidence
carefully  over  in   his mind and said:
"You. Mrs Keicher, once promised to
love your husband as long as you should
live. You evidently don't love him now.
and after his long absence there isn't
any reason why you should support
hiin if you don't wish to do so. It might
be a nice tiling to do, though, just the
same. All I've got to say to you," he
added, turning to Keicher, "is that if
you don't cease aunoying these women
I'll send you to tho island."
Hayings of Savage Hnces,
The proverbs of savage races are generally pointed and pithy. The Basutos
say, "The thief catches himself;" the
Yorubas, "He who injures another injures himself;" the Wolofs, "Before
healing others, heal yourself." In Ac-
era thoy Bay, "Nobody is twice a fool;"
among the Oji, "The moon does not
grow full in a day," " The poor man has
no friends." A Pashto proverb says,
"A feather doeB not stick without gum."
Others are: "A crab does not bring
forth a bird," "A razor cannot shave
itself," "Cross the river beforo you
abuse tho crocodile," "Truth is only
spoken by a strong man or a fool,
"Perseverance always triumphs," "Tho
thread follows the needle," "Preparation
is better than afterthought."
Classifying Kggs.
Egg dealers must soon push the English language one step further. The
distinction of egg8, fresh eggs and strictly fresh eggs, sometimes called "stric-
'lies," have become historic, but housewives havo discovered this winter, perhaps as the result of hard times, that
strie'lies are no longer to bo trusted.
Some of tbem, indeed, are littlo better
than "fresh eggs, "and others are neither
more or less than just "eggs."
Wheie I. If ii is Longest.
The average length of life is greater
in Norway thun in any other country
on the globe. This is attributed to the
fact that the temperature is cool and
uniform throughout tbe year.
Mosquito's Teeth,
The microscopists says that a mosquito has twenty-two "teeth" in the end
of its bill���elovon above and the same
number below.
An American Recently  Posed  in London
as a Duke���Counterfeit Queen Natalie.
Many distinguished people are annoy
ed at times by the appearance of
"doubles." Of these some are doubles
by mil ore: others, impelled by the love
of notoriety, pretend to be the person
they especially envy or admire, ivm
long ago, says Tit-Bits, a German-
American made himself conspicuous in
London by posing aa the Duke of Took,
He played" the role without interruption
for some time, but finally his conduct
i became so erratic that he was arrested
on the charge of swindling. The Imperial house of Austria has also a
j "double." At Brunn, while a perform-
i ance was being held in the City theatre.
j a well-dressed, handsome young man
i entered and desired to be shown to the
j mayor's box, where he introduced himself ns the Crown Prince of Austria,
i Tho mayor saw at a glance that he had
| to deal with a madman; as he could not
remove hiin without a disturbance he
entertained him until the end of the
first act, when he succeeded in getting
rid of the soi distant prince, who subsequently proved to be a merchant's son.
Natalie, ex-queen of Servia, may also
claim a double, The person bo designated
carries on a small business, and except
that her name is Nathalie there seems to
be no resemblance between her and the
ex-queen. Still, she is known far and
wide as her double, and for this reason
A practical joker, learning (but tho
little tradeswoman intended to visit, a
certain town, announced that "Nathalie" would honor it with her presence.
Naturally thinking that he referred to
tho queen, thousands gathered ut the
railway station on tho day specified,
only tn find thai thoy had been hoaxed.
Everyone in Copenhagen has heard of
the Czar's doublo, a banker by the mime
\ of Carlson. He so Rtrongly resembles
theCzarasto be frequently mistaken
for him. This flattered his vanity, and
he sudeavored to counterfeit his illus
trious model in all respects. When it
was announced that Alexander was on
his way to Copenhagen, Carlson would
appear at the head of tho procession in
n launch exactly like the Czar's, and
later ou he would drive his four-in-hand
through the crowded streets, bowing
right and loft to the cheering populace.
Being rich he scattered money freely,
which fact added to his popularity.
But the adulation he received was too
much for the poor man; his reason
tottered; he imagined that he really was
the Czar, and the nihilists were plotting
against him. He finally became insane,
and was sent to a madhouse, where he
will remain while life lasts.
Be Loyal to Friend.
If there is one trait more than another
that Bhonld be assidiously cultivated by
the woman who wishes to make herself
popular, that one is loyalty to her
friends. This trait embodies many
other estimable ones, and is tho basis of
a lovely and noble character. To begin
with, the woman who is truly loyal
never oven thinks ovil of thoso whom
she has chosen to closely associate herself with, let alone expressing sentiments that might be construed into appearing derogatory, therefore backbiting
and unfriendly gossip never finds place
among the natural failings that even
the most perfect being possesses. When
a woman has been tried and has stood
the test there should well up in the
heart ot so Btaunch a friend" a great
fountain of thanksgiving, for it is a
lamentable, but painfully true fact,
nevertheless, that there is something in
feminine nature that combats a genuine
spirit of loyalty every step of the way.
Petty jealousies, suspicion, whether
well grounded or not; envy and even
malice are more apt to make themselves
visible in the attitude of one woman
toward another than is ever felt in
man's dealings with man. The hardest
censure and severest judgment always
emanate from critics of the gentler sex.
therefore the woman who has proved
herself loyal through good and evil
report alike has shown herBelf to be :'
rani avis that should be highly prized
by those so blessed as to call her mend.
���Philadelphia Times.
Subjects oi Vive Rulers.
Of the 1,5(10,000,000 of the'earth's inhab
itunts the Emperor of China holds sway
over 405.000.000; the Queen of England
rules or protects 880.000,000: tho Czar
of Russia is dictator to 116,000.000;
France, in the Republic, dependencies
and spheres of influence, controls 70,
000,000; the German Rawer governs
55,000,000; the Sultan of Turkey lay,
down the law to 40,000,000; the Mikado
of Japan has 40.ooo.iioo subjoins,   i	
Urn King of Spain rules over 87,00 1.000.
Shut is to say. two-thirds of the .population of tho globe is under the govern
ment of five rulers. Here is monopoly
with a vengeance.
Gleams From Across the Ilrldge.
Corn���I saw Jack Enslow's arm around
you last night on the piazza. Hov.
could you, dear, when you are engaged
to another man'/
Dora���But Jack and I are old friends,
aud this was only in memory of olo
times.
Cora���But Buppose your fiance should
hear of it.    What would you tell him?
Dora���I would tell him that Jack
was only presenting me with a souvenir
spoon.���Brooklyn Life.
Tlie Time Kequired.
With n well-balanced feed, 90 days is
ample time In which to prepare an an
iiiml for market. Where the more nit
rogeneous foods were used, nearly m
(rood daily gains citu be made by mixing
r ��� grain with cut corn fodder n
Inurjgti nay were used, and this'tia,<
tnu.:e the difference of a profit instead
of a loss. Fltty per cent more manure.
is made from the animals receiving the
Weli-balnuced ration, and the manure is
also much richer iu plant food,
To Keep loe,
Ice can bo kept lu the simplest kind of
a structure.   The  esscmini conditions
are that it shall bo packed in   a ma ���.
that there shall bo no air spaces ::i tin
bottom, that it shuii be sunmii :  b;
a nun conducting material and I bat o
shall liavo ventilation and be secure
l'rom wot.
Sure Proof.
Maude���Are you quite certain he
loves you 1
Edith���Indeed. I am! Why, he actually hates every other man who has a good
word to say iu my behalf.���Boston
Transcript.
Holding Un*.
He���They say she is terribly rioh, but
I don't want to propose to her until I
have to. ^
She���Why not
He���That would neoeM ittvte Masks
her.
Campbell & Doherty,
THE   MEW YORK   TAILORS.
IsTE'W"      WUBST^TlSrSTEilR,    "B.
The Cheapest & Largest Tailoring House
in the Province, employing at present
20 hands.
We make men's suits from $5 to $15 cheaper
than others, and yet mako more money than "the old
time big profit," small business, slow coach Tailors-
Something New-Our List.
All  Wool   Business Suits S18.   Old price 885.
Irish .Serge, heavy weight $20.     "     "   $30 to 35
Fine Worsted Suits, $35 to 835.     "     "    $35 to 4f>
All Wool Pants,        -       84.50.  "     "    $0.50
The fact is wo would liko to havo a look at tha
man wlio stills cheaper than we do.
Waterproof Ulsters & Overcoats
to order from $14 up.
Cloth sold by the yard.    Suits cut und trimmed iff
you want to malic thorn at homo.
An   immense   stock   of   Heady Made
nothing Tor Men and Boys.
'    Samples und rules for self measurement sent on
application
You will And us in tne Curtis Block���the Store sith tne Granite Pillars.
CASH  SALE
of Wall Paper.
To make room for New Stock, we will give
A Discount of 10 per cent
on all Cash Sales, for 30 days only.
G. F. WELCH  &  SON,
Corner Agnes and 6th Streets, Westminster.
PITHER & LEISER,
VICTORIA, B.C.
(Successors to BOUCHERAT & Co.)
IMPORTERS OP
WINES, - LIQUORS - AND - CIGARS.
Special Attention given to the Mainland Trade.
The Toronto
Shoe Store.
We have much pleasure in tendering our second holiday
greeting and wishing you all the compliments of the season..
Our stock is large, of the best goods, and prices are all ira
favor of the buyer. We believe in keeping the money moving, small profits and qnick returns, and as times are hard and!
money scarce, we will help you out by cutting the profit to the:
bone. The trade may squeal, as they have, but it is our customers we wish to please, and we are bound to do that with
Good Goods and Low Prices.    Call and see us.
M. W. MINTHORNE.
CAMPBELL'S
OORNERI
Oldest Business Premises in tlie City.
I LEADING LINES:
Clothing, Men's Furnishings,
Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises
Try  a Pair of $2.50 or $3.00 Pants.
A  Fine Assortment  of
Gentlemen's Japanese  Smoking  Jackets
Corner Columbia and Mary streets, New Westminster. 8
NEW  WESTMINSTER.   BRITISH   C<>T UMBIA,   MAROH.10. 1894.
JlOWTO GET AD1V0KCE
UNTYING  THE   MARRIAGE   KNOT  IN
THE DOMINION OF CANADA.
Mr. lt. Tiifchoii Koffri, <>. C, of Kingston,
Ont., Reviews tbe Um .nd Customs of
the Old World and the New���Josephos
aud llln Three Wire..
In the current issue of the Queen's
University Quarterly appears a very interesting paper by Mr. B. Vashon
Rogers, Q. C of Kingston, on the subject of divorce. Mr. Rogers is a well
known Canadian barrister and the law
partner of Hon. G. A. A. Kirkpatrick,
at present Lieutenant-Governor of
Ontario, and is a learned and cultured man.
Mr. Rogers commences with some
very entertaining facts on divorce
among the ancient nations, and from
these he passes to modern customs
and to the law iu England, the United
States and our own Canada a* exists
to-day.
He informs us that we do not hear
anything about divorces prior to the
time of Adam. That patriarch divorced his first wife, Lilith. She was created out of day at the same time as
was he, and so deemed. herself bin
equal and becoming proud nnd
troublesome was put away and expelled
from Eden. Adam then married Eve
and poor Lilith went to the Devil,
whom she espoused nnd by whom she
had a number of children, called Jins
���half men, half devils. Since that
early date where has boon marriage,
thorere has been divorce.
As on the ages when the earth was
young Eve and her daughters had little to say as to marriage, having to
accept it as a child does physic viil-
he nill-he���so Lilith and her unhappy
successors bad few rights that were
respected on the dissolution of the
bonds of wedlock. The Hebrew merely had to write out a "bill of divorcement." hand it to his wife and then
send her away��� no wrangling, no law
expenses that she found "no favor
in his eyes," was cause sufficient. One
venerable Rabbi said a man could divorce his wife if she spoilt his dinner,
or if he met another woman that pleased
hiin better,
In India, according to the laws of
Menu (a gentleman of learning who
existed sometime or other between
B. C. 1280 and A. D. 400) the husband
had full liberty and authority to divorce his wife, if she indulged in intoxicating liquors, or had bad morals,
or was given to contradicting him,
or had an incurable disease. Says that
code: "A wife who has borne no child
ought to be replaced by another in the
eighth year; one whose children are all
dead, in the tenth: one who has only
daughters in the eleventh; the wife who
speaks with bitterness instantly."
Confucius, a sage who existed some
twenty-four centuries agone and whose
memory is still cherished by a third of
the human race, had of course something to say on this subject and being a
man he favored the husbands. To him
it seems good that a wifo be divorced
for seven causes, and these are the basis
of the legal morals of China and Japan
to-day; they aro, disobedience to her
father-in-law and mother-in-law: being
childless; being immodest (a wife must
uot be given to loose conversation; she
must not write a letter to any man, save
her husband); jealousy of other women's
clothes or children, or of her husband;
if she has an incurable or loathsome
disease; if she steals, or if she talks too
much.
Among the ancient Greeks in primitive times the right of divorce was left
to the man, and he exercised it for very
slight reasons. In Athens, after a time,
either the husband or the wife might
take the first step towards separation;
the wife might leave her husband, and
the husband might dismiss the wifo.
In primitive Rome, as usual, the
husband had the right of repudiation,
but the wife had not. Plutarch tells
us that Romulus gave the husband
power to divorce his wife if sho poisoned
his children, or counterfeited his keys,
or proved unfaithful; if for any other
reason he put hor away he had to give
her half his goods and to dedicate the
other half to Ceres. Apparently a family council had to be called to sanction
the separation.
Before the Lex Julia de Adulteriis
no special form was necessary; the divorce might even tako place in the
absence of one party. But that law
required a written bill of divorce, and
the record of the marriage was destroyed
while the divorce was publicly registered. "When Constantine came to the
throne he tried to correct these corrupt
propensities and introduce stricter no
lions of marriage. The contest was a
severe one, for marriage had come to be
regarded as a mere civil contract. The
Christians fought hard to establish their
view that the Master only allowed
divorce for -/ae cause, and that St. Paul
had added ono another���malicious desertion. Justinian forbade divorces by
consent "unless either wished to retire
into a monastery, or was a long time iu
captivity, or was impotent." He sot-
tied the grounds for legal divorce to be
as follows: Of a husband by a wife,
treason; attempting to induce her to
viola to her honor; wrongfully accusing
her of infidelity; having a paramour in
his house, or in the same town, after
being warned more than once. Tho
husband might divorce his wife, if sho
wim guilty of treason, or of adultery, or
of attempting his life, or of frequenting
ImiiqnotB or baths with men contrary to
his wishes, or staying away from home
against his consent (unless with her own
parents) or going to the circus, theatre
or amphitheatre, when forbidden. Under
some of the preceding legislation, the
wifo could have had divorce if the bus-
band whipped her. violated sepulchre:).
or was guilty of robbery or cat lie steal
im'. Thechnrch persistently nnd strenuously fought against divorce; it declared mnrriage a sacrament audi he nuptial
tie indissoluble, that divorce was sinful.
Divorces in England were until 1H58
of two kinds, one partial���divorce a
mensa et thoro; the other total, a vinculo matrimonii. The former was little
more in the eye of the law than simple
separation, and only lasted until the
parties saw fit to be reconciled. The
latter dissolved the union altogether,
either for some antecedent incapacity,
or somo subsequent cause which justified dissolution. In lS.W a court of
"Divorce and matrimonial causes" was
established under an Act of Parliament,
(its powers aud functions are now exercised by the Probate and Divorco Divi
eiou of tho High Court of Justice), and
suits for dissolution of marriage, for
declaration of nullity of marriage, and
nature.     The court may graut judicial
Kir judicial separation, are now tried hy
this court. Parliament, however, still
has the power to interfere, although it
has not done so in any English case since
1857. The English law still favors the
man. and will dissolve the marriage
if the wife ever forgets her marriage
vows, but will only relieve the women if
tbe erring husband has added cruelty or
desertion to his breach of the seventh
commandment, or if his sin has been of
a particularly aggravated and horrible
separation (the old bed aud board affair)
to either party for the sin above mentioned, for cruelty, or desertion without
cause, for two years or more. Not very
long ago the English courts solemnly declared that a man could not be divorced
after his death, any more than he could
be married. (Stanhope v. Stanhope, 11
P. D., 103.)
Au Irishman seeking an absolute divorce has still to go through the three
stages that were unnecessary in England prior to 1858; another grievance
this to the people of tho Emerald Island,
In the Dominion of Cuunda
little need be said in this connection, for
our young men and maidens generally
choose wisely and well, and for "better
or for worse." In Ontario, Quebec,
Manitoba and the Northwest an absolute
divorce can only be obtained by Act of
Parliament, ami Parliament may grant
relief upon any of the grounds recognized by the old ecclesiastical courts of
England as affording a claim for relief;
but, so far (except in two or three instances) no divorce has been granted
where adultery has not been charged.
One divorce was granted in (ratario before 18-111, and only one; between that
..ear and Confederation there were only
four applications in the province of
Canada tor this relief. All these wero
vigorously opposed by the Roman
Catholics on principle; however, the
bills, wero successful, although her
Majesty saw fit to veto one. In the
twenty-one years between 1807 and
1888 tho Parliament of the Dominion has dissolved twenty-throe marriages for tho one groat cause, and two
whero tbe parties had separated immediately after the wedding ceremony
and the marriage was never consummated, in one of these casesa verdant youth
of seventeen had been drawn into the
matrimonial vortex by a woman���well,
considerably his eenior; in the other
both parties had been guilty of fraud in
giving false names, and the petitioner
said the whole affair was a joke. In
another case Parliament gave a divorce
equivalent to a judicial separation. Of
these two dozen absolute divorces the
baker's dozen was on the anplioation of
the husband, the short dozen at the instance of the wifo. Since 1888, however, the male petitioners have been
more than two to one. In Canada, we
are bound to say. divorco is not as in
England a perquisite of man; a wife has
an equal right with a husband to a separation. With Pope Leo XilL in the encyclical of 10th February, 1880, we say,
what is unlawful for woman is unlawful for man.
In Ontario and Manitoba the superior
courts can declare void marriage contracts in case of fraud, duress or lunacy. In Quebec the judges have like
power for like reasons and, also where
the parties are within the prohibited
degrees, and in\ certain cases of iinpo-
tency, and even where a Protestant
parson has married two Roman Catholics. They also have in Quebec an action callod en separation de corps, which
is practically a divorce, but neither
party can marry again until death farther divides them; it is granted for in-
fidelity (but the case must be stronger
against the husband than against the
wife), for cruelty, grievous insult, or
the non-support of the wife.
Bofore Confederation Nova Scotia,
Hew Brunswick. Prince Edward Island
and British Columbia each had littlo
divorce courts absolutely separating
man anil wife for impotency, infidelity,
pre-contract, or marriage within the
forbidden degrees. Prince Edward Island has not attempted to do this since
she came into Canada; but the salt
waters of both the Atlantic and the
Pacific seem to have a wonderfully solvent effect upon the marriage bond, for
between tke years 18(17 and 1883 there
were 100 divorces among the 810,000 inhabitants of Nova Scotia. New Brunswick and British Columbia, while
among all the rest of the people of Canada there were but 26. Why is this, oh,
scientist 1
The United States is pre-eminently the
land of divorce; it leads all civilized
communities both in the numbers of divorces granted and in the numbers of
the reasons for which they can be obtained. In the year of grace 1880, in
Great Britain thero were 475 absolute
divorces; in Germany, 0,078: iu France,
0,311; in the model republic of the
world, 85.5851 The reasons why vary
all the way down tho list from A to W,
from Alabama to Wyoming "There is
an abominable laxity of the laws on this
subject." Taking the period of twenty
years from 1807 to 1880, and OU the basis
of the census of 1881, Mr. (iommill tells
us the ratio of divorce to population in
Canada was one to 37,388; while in the
republic, on the basis of their census of
1880,. the ratio was as one to 150. In
those two decades 10,622 couples were
divorced one year after marriage; 21,-
525 after two years; 37,270 after three
yoars, while 25,371 were separated after
twentyone yoars or more of married
life. As 338,716 wore granted during
these twenty years, it is safe to say there
i wero 484,000 applications.
Doubtless there is a spirit of  sopara-
I tion abroad in these latter days.    The
{ number of those who refuse to be bound
i tid doath tlioiu do part appears to be increasing everywhere. In Berlin, between
I 1880 and 1886, the number of  divorces
rose from 412 to 751, and  of the 3,107
leases  in   the  five years only one third
j were for inlidelitv.    In Franco  in tho
fin-ties there was ono  divorco for every
| 47,821 of the people; in the later seventies, one for every  15,010; in the same
period in Holland the   ratio   rose from
, ono in 88,000 to one in 25,0110.   From the
��� days of Bluff old Hal to 1857   tho   Bng-
i lisii Parliament bad granted   but   317
I divorces; in the 30 years following 1857,
j the Divorce Courts had issued 0,88) ab
I Bolnto divorces and 914 decrees for jtldi-
< cial separations,   In the United States
lu 1867 there were only 0,1)37,  while in
lHNli the number had risen to 25,525.   In
Vermont    1)4    were   granted   iu   I860,
and 107in 1878; in Connecticut, in IHOi),
thero wero nine  cases, while  in   the 15
years after 1804 they averaged 440; and
so in many other of the stales.    In Chicago 520 marriages  were   dissolved   in
1875; nearly double that number in 1832.
Philadelphia went from   101 in 1862 to
477 in 1882.    Even in   virtuous Canada
Parliament has granted in the last five
years 22 divorces, as against 26  in the
preceding 22 years. .��������� �������� ���-
A WONDERFUL  CLOCK.
SOMETHING ABOUT THE ONE SHOWN
AT THE MIDWINTER FAIR.
It Has One Hundred Moving Figure, and
Characters and Tooft IU Inventor and
Maker Seven Long Years to Construct���
The Clock in Detail.
Recently there was shipped from Portland, lnd., to the midwinter fair from
this place a specimen of Hoosier work
which will excite the admiration of all
who may see it, for the patience and
ingenuity manifested in its construction. It was the one-hundred-year astronomical, historical and scriptural
clock, made by Robert H. Sipos, in constructing which he challenges the world
for originality, unique features and
number of scenes and moving figures.
The clock is thirteen feet high nnd
nine feet wide, with a case of polished walnut. The main dial is two
feet in diameter and gives both sun
and standard time, also tho days of
tho month. On its face are a number of smaller dials. One gives the day
of the week, another shows the origin of
the days by the planets appearing as
they were named in the second century,
when tho mode of reckoning time by
weeks was adopted. On Saturday Saturn appears, Sunday the sun, Monday
the moon, etc. Another points out important past events, fixed days that are
most observed by the churches, and the
-io-callod unlucky days each month, as j
the ancients respected thom. Other
small diais show the time of the riling I
and setting of the sun; tho four cardinal
points; the moon's phases, increasing
and decreasing, and the moon's agf in
days and quarters. An ocean some.
with Indicator attached, gives the tijles,
and thoir proportional height can be
Been at any time the clock is ill operation.
The large dial oxhibits a tnblo of n.or- j
tality, showing the proportion of deaths
based on a calculation of 10,000 persons.
Two more diminutive dials are yet to be
mentioned, both on the largo one. Tho
first is a key to set the clock for leap
year, or iu cane it loses time by being
stopped, aud the other is the one from
which the name is taken, and (joints cut
tho ruling planets from 1876 to 11)75.
Below the large dial is a small cne
giving the difference in timo at the
principal cities ot the world whon it is
12 o'clock at Washington, D. C. The
solar svstem is represented by the earth,
suu and moon, the center being a fixed
sun, the larger ball the earth, and the
smaller one by its side the moon. The
earth revolves around the suu, keeping
pace with the solar time dial on the
large dial, and the moon revolves
around the earth in unison with the
moon dial, showing the months of the
year, winter, spring, summer and autumn and the solstices.
On top of the clock is a figure representing Sir Isaac Newton taking views
through Iris telescope, which changes
position on the quarter of the hour.
Upon either hand are tho battlementod
towers of an ancient castle. To the
right of the dial are three seto of moving figures. The first is Gen. Washington reviowing his army; the second the
presidents of the United States in the
order in which they were elected, and
the third tho ancient mode of capital
punishment is shown by the death of
Mary Stuart by the axe.
On the left are also three sets of figures. The first, or uppermost, shows
the flight of time, with tbe four seasons
of the year; in the second the heroes of
1776 pass before and are honored by a
bow and wave of the hand from the
Goddess of Liberty, with the exception
of the traitor Benedict Arnold, who goes
unnoticed. The lower one is a tableau
scene picturing the fondness of the
elephant for children. There are two
sets of figures, above and below the
main dial, which are scriptural in character; in ono an upright figure keeps
time to the music with its hands, while
Vulcan, kneeling down, strikes the
hours on an anvil with his hammer.
This clock has 100 moving figures and
characters, and its music boxes play
eighteen different pieces. Robert H.
SipeB, its builder, is forty-nine years old.
He spent seven years working on his
great masterpiece. He was brought up
to the trades of sculpturing and wood-
carving.���Indianapolis News.
Chllds'   Advleo   to n Girl.
The late George W. Chllds once said
to a girl from I he West who went to him
with letters aud the hopo of getting sufficient influence to do something iu tho
arable field of journalism:
"Littlo woman, if you can do something, go ahead and do it. The world is
hungry for something new. It is an
omnivorous creature, but it wants a
change, constantly Keep as quiet as
you can. Keep out of men's way as
much as you can, for it is trespassing to
go on privato property. Keep yourself
in good health, good spirits and good
clothes, and don't try to be a good fellow
or one of the boys. Save half of your
earnings. Go to church. Be agreeable
but reserved, and if some honorable man
offers you his name and his protection,
give it all up, marry him aud uevote
your energies to hom-uiaking.
"Tho business worid is no place for a
woman. It is a rough place, and people
have to get rough to succeed in it. I
know hundreds of gentlewomen in lmsi
ness, bnt they always seem to me like
going fishing in a dross suit and white
gloves. ICxuuisito fabrics are not intended for rough and ready wear."
Still)  Bnd�� <>r Thought.
With Cupid salary is no object.
Cynicism is one of ihe shadows which
experience casts.
The heart is no philosopher.
An ounce of a woman's intuition is
bettor than a pound of her reason.
We always bettor ourselves by forgetting ourselves.
What a Iiower enjoys, it gives to tho
world in color and perfume.
What a girl thinks, a woman would
like to.
Melody is tho soul of music, as harmony is its body.
Give sumo people an ell and they'll
tako all the res; of tho alphabet.
A Now Invention.
A "damp detector" is the latest invention to make miserable tho traveler's
life, it is a silver trinket, not unlike a
compass in appearance. At thu back
are small boles in the silver, through
which the damp passes and moves the
needle until it points to the word
"damp." By the aid of this uuaired
sheets can be detected.
Without Anus.
A woman without arms was recently
married in New Zealand.   The ring was
placed upon the fourth toe of her left
foot.
COCOA.
The   Oft times   Query, What   Is It, Full)
Answered,
Of the thousands who drink cocoa few
know exactly how and whero it is obtained. From an article in Good Housekeeping on the subject we take the following description:
It is a popular error that cocoa and
the cocoanut are in some way related���
an error which is due to the similarity
of the namesjbuf.to no other property in
common. Cocoa is the product of the
seeds of trees of the genus Theobroma���
signifying ' 'food of the gods." The trees
are natives of the tropical portions of this
continent, though they now grow, by
cultivation in some of the low latitudes
of the Eastern hemisphere. At the time
of the discovery of Yucatan, it is said
the Indians were using the seeds as
money, while iu Mexico, when it was
first visited by the Spaniards, the
Aztecs made from them a beverage
which they called chocolate ��� whence
tbe modern name of chocolate. The
first writer to state these facts was the
Spanish explorer, Capt. Gouzalo Fernandez do Oviedo y Valdos, who wrote
about tho middle of the sixteenth century regarding the origin of the new
beverage, which was at that time first
attracting attention in some of the
European countries.
Thoro are several species of the genus
Theobroma, the most valuable of which
is the Theobroma cacao, which is frequently spoken of as the cocoa tree, in
distinction from other members of the
genus. This tree is extensively cultivated in tho countries lying near the
equator on this continent, and has been
introduced with success into siniiSr
latitudes in Asiaand Africa. It usually
grows to a height of some twenty foot,
though occasionally attaining thirty or
thirty-live feet. The trunk grows iu a
straight stem to the height of frum six
to ten feet, when it divides into
numerous branohes. Tho fruit of the
tree ripens twice a year, and may be
compared to a cucumber in shape, being
six to ten inches in length, red on side
most exposed to the sun, and yellow elsewhere. The rind is hard and warty,
enclosing a sweetish, pleasantly flavored
pulp, embedded in which are about
twenty bonus, tho size of largo almonds,
each of which is inclosed in a thin, reddish brown scale or skin, which when
broken and separated from the inner
bean or kernel forms the coooa shells of
commerce, -which are often used in
tho preparation of a very mild and
healthful beverage. The tree attains its
full vigor and productiveness when
seven or eight years old. und will, yield
a satisfactory crop for perhaps twenty
years or more. The average yield of a
tree is from twenty to thirty pounds or
dried beans in a year.
Tho ripened pods are gathered twice a
year, aud aftor being picked from the
tree aro allowed to lie and ferment for
some five or six days, being kept in
earthen vessels or piled in heaps on the
ground. They are then opened by hand,
tho Beeds are removed from the pulp aim
dried, either by the sun or artificially .
There is another method, not so agree
able in contemplation, but which is su: .
to yield an even better quality of cocoa
In that case the fruit is buried iu the
ground till the pulp has decayed, when
the seeds aro dug out and the product is
Bold as cocao terre.
EVERYBODY!
TENTION! EYES RIGHT! 'DRESS!
Now Examine these Prices:
Steel hatchets,
Claw hammers
Compas saws
Hand saws
Draw knives
Bench axes
A i Pencils per dozen   45c.
Augers, per inch      -    50c
Set 12 Auger bits lof^
Set 12 Chisels
D. B. Axes    -
S. B. Axes    -
Handled Axes
Xcut saws per foot -
Brush hooks   -
Froes
Grub hoes
Picks
;i,|,i  $2 00! Hay Cutters
3 85 j Curry comb & brush
Brushes���Wall,   15c;   Oval,     10c;   Varnish,
35c- up
35c  "
20C.  "
35c-  "
50c  "
85c.  "
$1 35 up
70 '
90 '
38 '
1 00 '
75 '
60 '
65 '
1 00 '
25 '
10c.
Hoes, 35c.   Rakes, 35c.   Spades, 6sc   Shovels, 60c.
Forks���Hay,  45c;    Manure,   75c;    Spading,   95c.
These  are all first-class  Goods, and we are bound to close
; them out.    Come and see them.
WARE GO.
When Hands nre u Drawback.
"It is a well known fact," said a citizen,
'that men not habitually accustomed
to wearing evening dress sometimes find
difficulty in disposing of their hands tn
their entire satisfaction; indeed, ittak-.v
a "blooded" man to know what to do
with his hands and to be able to forget
them. The man with his bauds behind
his back is a familiar figure; and it is a
curious fact that upon tho sums whic'
o;ie may see in various parts 01 the town
Announcing dress suits for sale or to hire
and displaying the figure of a man in
evening dress, the man is almost alway-
ruprcsented with one or both hands l.t-
hind his back; even upon these painte
canvases, while the man's face is bold,
Ids hands aro shy. This seems almost a
pit)", lt may bo that the painters arc;
moved by a subtle sympathy with the
generality of mankind, or by tbe IS .
that tho human band is a pretty 1 lifficu..
thing to paint; but it seems as though)
both for art's sake and for tho public instruction, they should give to tbo rna'i
on canvas the appearance and the bea.-
ing of a trained society man."���Now
York Sun.
HolKlnn Marriage Certl Urates.
In Belgium it is tho custom to givo
certificates of marriages in the form oi
littlo books with paper covers. These
books, which are often produced i.i
course of law proceedings, and are taken
in evidence, are apt to become dirty nnd
dog's-eared. The burgomaster of Brussels, has therefore, hit upon a new plan.
Henceforth a charge will be made for
tr.o book's, which will be neatly bono i
in morocco and gilt-edged. They will
bo something more than a mere certificate. A summary of Belgian law on the
married state is given in them for the
uso of young couples, and among a m��>:\
or otner miscellaneous information are
directions for the feeding and care of infants. There are aiso places for entering
the names and birthdays of the children
of the marriage, tho authorities considerately affording space for tweivo
such entries. To poor persons tbo books
will be issued free of charge. One ot
the two councillors was in favor of adding directions for obtaining a divorce,
but it is needless to say his suggestion
was not adopted.
Au  rngraleful Teacher,
Little Hoy���They won't ever get me to
give another tun cents toward a prenout of
n book for ths timelier.
Mother���-What wenl wrong?
Little Boy���We got the principal to select one for her. and lie picked out one
that was jam crowded full of information,
aud alios been teaching it to us ever since.
NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C.
MANUFACTURERS   OF
Timber,   Lumber,   Shingles,   Lath,   Piehets,  Doors,
Windows,  Frames,  Mouldings,  House Finish,
Mantels,   School    Seats and Desks,
Fruit and Salmon Boxes,
tfce.,    tfce.,    tfce.
Importers   of  Plate,   Sheet,   and Fancy Glass
Lumber  accurately  Sawn,
and
Orders   Promptly   Filled.
A. GODFREY,
SUCCESSOR TO THOS. DUNN & CO.
���WHOLESALE'& RETAIL DEALER TN	
SHELF & HEAVY HARDWARE,
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC.
PRICES THE LOWEST.
Quiok Work,
A roport says that Mir Arthur Sullivan
j recently struck a   million   notes   on  a
j piano iu eight hours as the result of tt
: challenge.   The method of computation
employed and the condition of the piano
and Mr Arthur after the performance
was over are not given.
Aluminium Not for lllvynles.
Thomas A. Edison, the great electrician, says aluminium will not fill the bill
as the best uiutal for tho construction
of bicycles, owing to its softness. It is
light, but lacks strength. Ho thinks
nickel steel is the metal of tho future.
A Diminutive Chariot.
Max Kaufman, a Berlin jeweler, has
made a perfect ivory chariot with movable wheels, the whole weighing but
two grains.  	
Orders   by   Mail   Receive
Prompt Attention.
ODDFELLOWS BUILDING,
NEW WESTMINSTER.

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